Title Page
 Front Matter
 Table of Contents
 The People’s Committee 1950
 The People’s United Party 1950
 The National Party 1951
 The Honduran Independence Party...
 The National Independence Party...
 The Christian Democratic Party...
 The United Black Association for...
 The People’s Development Movement...
 The United Democratic Party...

Group Title: A History of Political Parties in Belize 1950-1981
Title: A History of Political Parties in Belize, 1950-1981
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099194/00001
 Material Information
Title: A History of Political Parties in Belize, 1950-1981
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Vernon, Lawrence
Publisher: Belize
Place of Publication: Belize
Publication Date: 1981
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099194
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
        Introduction 1
        Introduction 2
    The People’s Committee 1950
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The People’s United Party 1950
        Page 7
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    The National Party 1951
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
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    The Honduran Independence Party 1956
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
    The National Independence Party 1958
        Page 100
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    The Christian Democratic Party 195
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    The United Black Association for Development 1968
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
    The People’s Development Movement 1969
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
    The United Democratic Party 1973
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
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Full Text
Political Parties


****W****~~~~ -aI tWWWW*s




1950- 19813

Lawrence Voznon



The 'national party' which Leigh Richardson had called for in August, 1950,

p into being the following month. Friday night, September 29, marked the end

the People's Committee and the formation of a political party, fully constituted,

;ed the People's United Party.1 Those people present in the Thistle Hall heard

ge Price introduce the Party to them. He said that a powerful political party

Id not only be a good thing but a very necessary thing, and that shortly the

ple's Committee would present to them the constitution of a new party, with a

v to inviting all citizens of the country to join and work for the betterment of

editions. He assured them that if they received the constitution with interest

I enthusiasm, if they enrolled by the thousands, and if the majority of the

i9is constituted the People's United Party, then they would embark on the road

political and economic advancement. As a result they would not only win muni-

al and national elections, but also' direct and control the country eventually.

v The constitution was summarized and presented to the gathering by Philip

Ldaon, as follows:-

a) Members may be either registered voters or persons at least
18 years of age with three years residence in British Honduras.

b) The Party would be governed at various levels by district executive
committees controlled by a central executive council which would
' be under the supreme authority of a convention of delegates appoin-
ted by members throughout the country.

c) 1Municipal candidates were to be selected by district conventions,
i while national candidates would be chosen by the convention of
delegates from among persons proposed by the various district

' The Hon. John Smith became the first member of the Party, as well as the

gt leader, when he publicly took the pledge. He was followed by George Price,

Np Goldson, leigh Richardson, Cameron Gabb and Henry MLddleton, who were

qpently elected Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Chairman, and Party Councillors

vely. The membership grev steadily, and support for the new Party was give

those who did not register formally. In due course a new Headquarters was

. It was not long before branches of the Party began to be formed in the maij

ot touna. On October 50, a six-member Steering ComdLttee of the People's

kT was established in Stann Creek by Philip Goldson. The Provisional
pA was Mr. Frederick Gill, and the Secretary, Harry Stanley. Early in Novembe

paLng Camittee was formed in Corozal, ihen both Ieigh Richardson and Ihilip

pp were present at the inauguation. As early as September 6 a-delegation

p People's Committee had Journeyed to El Cayo and presented the Baymen's Flag

4 Eduardo Espat, Chairman of the Cayo Branch of the Committee.

P The early aims of the Party were lofty, the most important being;-

a) Industrial development
b Agricultural development
S o) Adult suffrage
d Just laws for all classes
e Self-government.

Logan of the Party proudly announced: "The only Party. Your only hope."

SDuring November legal action was taken against Philip Goldson, the

cder of the Belize Billboard, and News Editor leigh Richardson. The former

barged with publishing in the Billboard of September 24, 1950, words with

ifts intent, as follows:- "A letter dispatched to His Excellency the Governor

ad an evasive reply which could only have originated from a desire to deceive

6ople of this country." Richardson was charged separately with having said,

Wdtious intent, at a meeting at the Courthouse Wharf on October 6, words
that the Governor was a gangstersm and a "iar or dishonest person. They

mitted for trial to the Supreme Court in the sessions commencing January 29
|d immediately Philip Goldson flew to Jamaica to secure legal assistance. 7
Ibg night, November 9, at a People's United Party meeting, a fund was launched

Sefenme of the two men.

, Mr. Noel Nethersole, eminent Jamaican solicitor, whose services the Journal

r secured, was due to arrive in British Honduras on January 50, 1951 to defe

however, on the 29th the sedition charges against them were withdrawn when

kadants apologetically ~athdrew the charges they had made against the Goverv



Tho People's Conmittee 19W50 I.,**o**ooo, ,, 1

Tho Poople's UIitod Party 19 ***..............5., 7

Tho National Party 1951 *************. .6oo 05

Tho bong-ran Independnce Party 1956 ******.. ....... 96

Tho nJational IndFpeidence Party 1950 o........,r-* -102-

Tho Chrettan .Democratic Party 195 *..............* 135

Tho United Black Association for ovelopmant 1960 ,,. 141
Tho PZopi' Jvelqmont Mm t 1959 ...... 149

rThMo ted Diaocratic Party 1973 *********.......*.... 1

Appe ndceo

OS *0906 OS 6000 000.66 66 SOSSSOSO



This history is intended to be exclusively of political parties in

B~6~i Z.,and thuz constitutional history prior to 1950 (the year which saw

the birth of the first political party) is intentionally omitted. Any constitutiorql

development since 1950 has necessarily affected political parties, and only in

such instances is it mentioned. The 1955 constitution, with the 1958 and 1945 amend-

ments incorporated, remained in force until 1954.

In 1945 a Commission of Inquiry was appointed to make recommendations

on constitutional advance. The results of this Commission comprise the 1954

Constitution, the main provisions of which were: (a) the introduction of universal

adult suffrage; (b) the title of the legislature restored to Legislative Assembly;

(c) the number of electoral seats increased to havd an elected majority in tho

Assembly; and, (d) the Executive Council reconstituted as the chief instrument of

policy having the Governor as Chairman.

The main event which was responsible for the political awakening

was the devaluati >n of the dollar on December 3,

1949. However, underlying and proceeding this action, other relevant factors

can also be presented.

They are:-

1. The first organized workers union in the Country, the General
Workers Union, was receiving its first successes and recognition
as a valuable organization during the years 1947 to 1919.

2. The Belize Billboard, one of the two newspapers in the Country, was
vigorously airing the cause of labour and the masses.

3. As early as 1945 the Legislative Council was objecting to the status
of financial dependence of the Colony on the United Kingdom, from
which it was receiving grants-in-aid.

4. Steps towards self-determination could be seen from the committee
which was working from 1947 on constitutional proposals for adult
suffrage, an elected majority in the legislature, and an elected

The *New Year's gift," as the Belize Billboard termed Governor darvey's

devaluation of the dollar, effected a political transformation which might

--_- 16-- ^* ^^ Jvu. e ao +.Aka. ether or not devaluation was really

L scary or justified economically is not the author's premise to 1ive his opinion on'
stu4y it will suffice to give some reasons for devaluation as stated in the
mal Secretary's Report for 1949 -
1. American demand for mahogany and chicle slumped in 1949 and the trend
to trade turned away from the dollar area to the sterling area.
2. 'The producers of pine lumber, grapefruit and fruit juices soon found
that their export market in the sterling area was very adversely
affected' by the devaluation of sterling while the B.H. dollar as
not devalued.
3. There was a lack of confidence in the dollar, which was 'exhibited
in many different ways.'
The majority of the members of the legislative Council had voted against
evaluation, but the Governor (Sir Ronald Garvey) used his reserve powers and passed
be resolution. The action was immediately branded as dictatorial, and on the night
f Decemberp,1949, some 1,500 people defied heavy rains to attend a meeting
i the Battlefield. Here a resolution was passed demanding that the dollar
o restored to parity with the U.S. dollar, and a People's Coouittee was set up to
sad the *Dollar Back' fight.

Tho work is oomprised mostly of edited, sunmarised and adapted versions of
the opinions expressed by direct reporting, in the case of newspaper sources cited;
direct quotations in tho case of works by authoritative historians) and in the very
rare case the author strays from this system, the views expresnod are moeat to be
unbiased, and does not in any way attempt to compare or contrast one party or faction
or personality with another. PAeTrI E watA vrA ,&&


The formation of the People's Committee in early January, 1950, was

the nucleus of the first organized national political party in

The success which it initially achieved was praised and supported by the majority

of the people. This was due partly to the vigour of its youthful leaders, partly

to the navclty of political agitation effectively displayed in heated speeches

from the Battlefield' rostrum, but mostly from the views the Committee held and

the aims it advocated during the early months of 1950. The original three-fold

'objectives of the People's Committee can be summed up as:-

1. Dollar back and development not exploitation.
2. Anti-Federation.
3. Femoval of Clause Six.

As a means to gaining added strength .nd recognition, the Committee allied

itself with the General W'orkers Union, the only real organized body fighting the

cause of the working class at that time.

The leaders consisted of the lion. John Smith,(the Senior Elected Member

for the BElize Division in the Legislative Council who was selected to be Chair-

man of the Committee; George Price, a young councillor in the Delize City Council

who was appointed Secretary; Philip Goldson, the El4nnging Editor of the Pl ize

Billboard, who returned to ba-I.eXE in Lugust from journalism scholarship

in London in the midst of the political fight, :,nd immediately joined in:

Trust in the People's Committee was displayed as early ss January iQ.
/ 1
1950, when the people at B Eattlefield meeting conferred on it a mandate to approach

the United aitions, if necessary, in the cause of the "Dollar lack" fight.

The thirst for identification as a free people was displayed first on Febru-

ary 1. 1950, when the People's Committee raised the flog of th" Paymen(l) on

the Pattlefield. 11hile c band played, thousands of voices were raised in(f~ sonz

(1) The Payinen flag is light blue colour. In the centre is the coat of arms
of the Settlement on a white circle.

KBless America," and the flao of the Paymen, which up to seventy years before
p-loun over this country, wos hoisted :,n the Brttlefield. Citizens greeted the
John Smith with cheers as he mounted the rostrum and declared: People of

Aas, we have recovered the ancient flag of our Boymen fathers." Also among

tee to speak was Ceorge Price, who near the end of the neeting spread the flag

i, intoned to the gathering: "Behold the ancient floag of this country. Blue as

a skies above high dt l s of democracy; the co.t of arms the symbol of our
try. Take it, protect it, love it." Pointing then to the flagstaff by the

H those, he ~-aij4thuJ amidst loud cheers: And perhaps someday if it is your

we shall move it from here and nut it over there."
The subject of federation ilrth the test Tndies was being seriously discussed
a Government, and the Peonle's Committee did not neglect t3 attack it. At the

. meeting the Hon. John Smith asserted that the Covernment wanted British Honduras

Moderate so that the test Indies could become one big slave camp. He felt that

Mnuation was the fore-runner of federation.

V Heated on the people were after devaluation of their dollar, and feeling

Lpae, with the urging of the People's Committee to greater self-determination,
Their cause was one oorth fighting for, it was iot surprising therefore when n

eruption of violence occurred. This was prompted when, at a Battlefield meeting
14, 1950, the crowd became angry at the Open Forum Chairman E.A. "Kid"

VA r who had tried to persuade them not to sing "God Bless America" on the

asion of Princess Alice's proposed visit. He was forced to leave the rostrum
being stoned, and running through the crowd took refuge in the Queen Street

-ihop of Tony Sobercnis. PRiot police were called out to disperse the crowd,

Pxte subsequently stoned with bottles. The Acting Superintendent of Police,

storey, ordered a tear gan bomb to be thrown into nearby U'ickie Uackie Club
location he said the missiles were coming, and unconsciously made history
*the first tear gas bomb to be used against any Belize crowd. lae more

as were thrown at the police and they retaliated by throwing another bomb

The Chairman af the Pcoploe' Comuitteo arrived an the scene and w ggested TO

Acting Superintendent/be allowed to addross the people in an attempt to

*rae them. He refused, assuring Mr. Smith that the police would handle the

*ir in their own way. Finally, however, the Chairman was able to 9'4tss the
from the Lizarraga hooe an Daly Street. He asked them to go home, telling then

. when ho approached the United Ilationo he wanted to prove that the people were

1Whl and orderly, and that it was the Police Chief who had been irresponsible
.ast his head. lie also spake to the Governor by phone, and he assured Ifr. Smith

Lhe would look into the matter as it was the first time he was hearinC of it.
'vAnother small bit of violence had also broken out at midday on the previous

-A orowd attending a People's Committee meeting on the Dattlefield became furious

.-Fth were told that certain mcmbors of the City Council had votod in favour of.

of the City beina presented to Pri.noess Alice on her arrival. City Councillor

I laon was abused physically, Councillor Cordon Leacock chased, the office

Sof M.S. Metagen broken, and the home of the Hon. UI.H. Courtenay stoned.

a, before any serious damaCe was done, the Conmittee Secretary arrived and
e people back to the Battlefield whore he dispersed hen.

L On the same night, February 13, an emergency meeting of the Executive

.aamoked. Public Safet, regulations, and the Covernor declared a state of

Cttlawing asseblios of seven or more persons. FollowinC thins, on March
at placed a total ban on all lattlcfield meetinra. The voice of the

cnCoMitteo on the Battlefield was hushed for 157 days, because the publicc

M ggalations was not repealed until July 1. During this period, however,

a had not been idle. The Belize Billboard continued its unwavering fight

t they called Colonial injustice, and the Party Secretary hnd gone to flew

at the people's case before the Human rights Commission of the United
e ported this on Friday night, July 28, to a oceting on the Battlefield,
te ..e uwman Richta Coimission had-studied it, it would be pw sented.

u attees of the General Acsembly.

r In this report it can also be said that Ir. Price sunmed up the objectives
0lieies of the People's Committee, while elaborating on the original three.
Ad that the Coemittee was resolute in its dc:ands that each individual received

wat was needed far the common good. This was social justice. A government was
d which was soundly established to secure for everyone the goods which the
| and resources of nature and technical achievement could offer. These goods
bhe sufficient to simply the wants of all, to provide an honest living for all
W to work, and to uplift the people to a higher level of prosperity and

Pe. The Committee advocated laws to protect the labourer and to guarantee him
jaemu wage, and had tried to stress repeatedly three things: the rights of
auAIula, the love of neighbour, and the brotherhood of nan. There were a few

a among thea who were seeking to prevent the dtAermined mnrch of a united
Boards better conditions and self fule. He concluded by sny' ng As long
'etts, the People's Committee will have to hammer and hammer until they

tthe nail home. Beware of a system that blocks the people's progress even

*%i6e1rW tfts in its hands."

AvBring the month ahead the Committee had continually announced its intention
:for eef-government by making the country economically and socially sound,
with the assurance given repeatedly by the British Government. National
as was not long in asserting itself in the minds of the people. But it
that to advance'constitutionally an organized party was needed a part
contest elections on both levels and endeavour to constitute a governcmnt

ty the people. Leigh Richardson was most forceful when in Angust he
StAional Party. He felt that in order to be free what was most urgently

b[ bt 'IaV tparty that wuold work for eventual self-government. He was

tht t~et that for a political party to achieve anything worthwhile

i th. country in which it existed had to allow for the right climate
.. .. freedom could grow -and flourish, lie was convinced that
B ie position into a healthy one was to found immediately a

optional political front which would oppose lawfully every individual, every
p atriction, every canditionrthat smelled of oppression under the guise of British

>eedom. Once the political party was forced it should acquire constitutional

patrol over both municipal and national affairs; this should be the ideal if pro-

as and freedom for the inhabitants of Dritis' Hinduras were intended. The

|ty had to be assured of the people's support in its actions, and it had to work

assure the people in turn that it was sincere and skillful. The People's

..ittee was in the early stages of forming such a party, which would allow then

work successfully to overcome the dark political blanket which Britain had thrown

the country.

As the people prepared to celebrate their nati- nnl day on Septembei 10,

Sther advocation of the Daymen flag was made on Friday night August 11, 1950,

feorge Price when he explained the People's Comnittee's stand on the September

celebrations. "We have a flag," he asserted, a beautiful flag. It is

to the United Natijnt; flag blue and white. Blue like the sky our

democratic ideals, and uhitv like the sea foum -- our pure and sole love of
Since the night of February. the flag has flown bravely through rain and

through better or worse, from the mast of the 11ule Park and on Queen Street.

sa your flag. As we celebrate our day, let blue and white be our colours...."

At a subsequent meeting onAucust 18 the people were told that Baymen

l and rosettes were being made and would soon be put on sale. The following

B at another meeting, Philip Goldson urged the people to answer them with the

,and white." He was referring to taunts, abusive language and lies that were

directed at the People's Committee by radio speakers and other people. "We

the Englishman's flag," he continued, we respect the America) flag, but we

m_ own. We must live for it, suffer for it, and if need be, die for it."

same meeting George Price pointed out that.some people were trying hard to

3Iptember 10 celebrations parade to be an exclusively pro-British affair,
a parade and demonstration in honour and memory of the Baymon who founded
and established a tradit of and order ths Central Americ.

He called for support to be shown in *~ two ways:- (1) there should be no address

of loyalty to the King, (2) non-predoninance of the Union Jack.

The People's Committee, in early September, marched to the tomb of British

Honduras patriot Simon Lamb who fought at St. George's Caye, and who was responsible

for keeping alive the spirit of the Tenth., A wreath was placed on his tomb by Peter

Lamb, great grand nephew fa the patriot. On September 11, the day chosen for the

pprado, some 1,800 people marched through the streets in rain. It was perhaps a

significant celebration because of the unprecedented incidents uhich occurred -

police permission for the official parade under the auspicies of the City Council

was refused; boos and shouts greeted the loyalty address; the Governor was roughly

and openly opposed, and the British National Anthem was not played when he appeared;

the people joined forces in confusing the official sponsors; and,"Cod Pleas America"

Vce sung.

The People's Committee died so that a properly constituted party could carry

on. It had served its purpose of awakening the people politically and preparing

them for greater days ahead.




&a was taken by Goldson and Richardson on their personal responsibility,

Sadvanoed that the People's United Party had nothing whatever to do utth
.... Mr. Nethersole was informed by cable that his trip was no longer

. The P.U.P. immediately called a meeting on Febr'pary 1 to consider the

i the two newspapermen. The meeting was split and ended in disagreement

Pira could reach no decision on the 'compromise.' The Party Secretary
t a dishonouzable settlement" and further moved that "the Party record its

ant with the action." The Party Leaderl on the pther hand, completely

I of the action, as did Mr. Nethersole in a\message a few days later.

The P.U.P. contested an election for the first time in its history, uhen on
_- er 20, 1950, their candidates were able to win a majority of seats in

City Council. It was the largest municipal election ever held in British

up to that time, proving how politically agitated the people had become

hbe instrumentality of the P.U.P. 1812 voters went to the polls out of a

1 2917 registered voters, and allowed the P.U.P. candidates to fill five out
da seats in the City Council. The Party Leader, Hon. John Smith, topped the

M 296 votes, and the other members of the Party elected were:- George Price,

zhardson, Cameron Cabb, and Philip Goldson. A candidate of the Democratic

6omel Francis, was also returned, along with three independents: Herbert

ser Barrow, and Egbert Brackett.

the remainder of the year the P.U.P. continued its activities, and the

their promise to the people of using their majority in the City Council

Mj3*h the beginnings of a party system of government. They kept constantly in
the people through meetings on the Battlefield, and took the people into

filled with optimism and high morale for the future.

Judge by the things we have dono" was the plea of Philip Coldson to a

ing on March 2, 1951. He admitted there uas a lot to overcome as yet, what

the claims of Guatemala and Mexico to British Honduras, the threat of federa-

the dangers of immigration, foreign development of the country, and the stiflinA

f England over our destinies. At another meeting Leigh Richardson urged that

ethword of the people should be "Onward to Freedom." Citizens were also kept

Aih with P.U.P. activities through the leaflet which outlined 'the party

i,' first issued in April and sold at tuo cents each.

The first convention of the Party was held at Thistle Hall on April 30,

. Hon. John Smith, then also Mayor of Belize, was re-elected loader of the

She former officers were also re-elected to their original posts, while

06a Party councillors elected included Leopold Grinage, Mrs. Elsa Vasquez,

4 Bevans, and Jose Rivero. All the elected officers comprised the Central

onail, which now replaced the Steering Committee. Several resolutions were

l;at the meeting, the most important of which wero:-

a) A Scroll would be prepared on which wmld be inscribed names of
the People's Committees (which formed tho P.U.P.) throughout the

b) The British Government should follow a policy leading to the
speedy relinquishment of authority to the freely chosen people
of the country.

o) The Baymen flae was chosen as the official flag of the country,
and it was decided to take firm steps to bring it into common and
official use.

d) The use of the term colony should beo discouraged, the name of the
country itself should be altered to Belize, Central America, and
the inhabitants known as Belizeans. &

Sqestion of import control came up for its share of ridicule uhan George

A an attack on it at a City Council meeting on July 10. He said that it
Scarcity of essential food and an excessive increase in the cost of living

snniblings of contention in the City Council, which led to a aeries of

lmtinatinr in the eventual dissolution of the City Council on August 6,

began when a resolution that a portrait of the King of England be hung in City Hall

was defeated. This occurred at the City Council meeting on July 10, when George

Prico moved an amendment to the resolution, saying that such an action should not

be considered until:-

a) The currency of the country was raotored to its former value.

b) Import controls were abolished.

c) Conventions of international labour organizations were extended
to British Honduras.

d) The 'green curtain' cutting off workers from natural association
with their fellow citizens had been lifted, and,

e) a democratic constitution liberated the people from colonial rule.

The resolution was defeated by a vote of three to two in favour of the P.U.P. coun-

cillors. Within a few days a petition was being circulated by Mr. H.W. Deaunmont, a

retired Postmaster General, requesting the Governor to dissolve the City Council.

This was suggested on the grounds that the P.U.P. majority in the Council was dis-

loyal to the British royal family because (a) the People's Coniriittee had earlier

created disorder to prevent Princess Alice from visiting the country, and (b) the

P.U.P. councillors had now insulted the King.

The matter reached Legislative Council level, uhcn on August 6 the members

voted to ask the Governor to dissolve the City Council because of alleged disloyalty

to the RoyAl Family. The resolution was moved by the Hon. Herbert Faller, and was

passed by a five to one vote in favour, with two abstentions. The following day

the P.U.P. circulated a petition which called upon the Governor not to dissolve the

City Council, and in turn demanded dissolution of the present Legislative Council.

It further demanded that elections be held immediately, as the present legislators

wore enjoying a prolonged term(1) of two additional years without the consent of the

(l) The ComiLssion of Inquiry appointed in 1948 to make recommendations on consti-
tutional advance did not make its report until April 1951. Drafting of consti-
tutional instruments did not proceed until after January 1953, and the new con-
stitution came into effect in 1954. The three-year period of the legislative
Council was therefore prolonged by the Governor, until elections could be held
under the new constitution.

people who elected them originally. The Governor did not see it fit to accept the

torns of the P.U.P. petition, and on August 0 dissolved the Council. In a radio

mossage be told the people, in part, "After my God comes my King. From my youth I

have been taught to worship my God and honour my King. As long as I remain Governor

of this British colony I u11 not stand by and see such acts of dialoyalty done

without my doing something about it. I shall therefore dissolve the City Council,

and in duo course I Ull refer the matter back to the electorate". He appointed a

nominated body to be members of the Council, under the Chairmanship of Hr. A.N.

Wolffsohn (a native and former Acting Colonial Secretary). All the other members

were either Justices of the Peace or prominent citizens in social life,

hben the Hon. John Smith returned to the country on August 10 after represen-

ting British Honduras at the Festival of Britain, the Governor offered him a oeat on

the nominated City Council. This offer, in a letter to the Governor, he flatly

rtfaood, and further challenged the Governor to hold elections immediately, asserting

in part: "Noither my intelligence nor my integrity would pormit no to assist in the

retrograde step of replacing a fully elected Council, dissolved for exercising the

right to vote, by a fully nominated one. So I must decline." In conclusion, he

said, "My constituents strongly urge him to put his statements to the proof by

having an election now."

Dissolution of the Council naturally infuriated the people, and undoubtedly

increased the strength of the P.U.P. This could be seen in the response and support

Given the Party uben September approached and they prepared to celebrate their

National DIy once more. Leigh Richardson wrote that he regretted there had to be a

rift in the celebrations. He felt that this rift had occurred becanse there were

people determined to keep the country a colony of Britain, and on the other side

there were people determined only to bring freedom to their country. It was a

national duty to refuse to celebrate the 'Tenth' the wuy the colonialists and the

colonial authorities wanted to celebrate. Philip "Goldson, at a rally on the

Battlefield on September 7, stated: w"le celebrate with the Baymen flag and the

Blqan colours, our beloved blue and white, to show that we are dissatisfied with

many things in our country ...Let every true Honduran be in that parade wearing

his blue and white Daymen colours." On September 10, as the Billboard reported,

about 500 citizens cheered the Hon. John Smith, and listened intently to a report

from his on the conditions and plans of the city. They then took a pledge of

loyalty to their country, followed by a parade accentuated by blue and white

Baymen flags.

Federation of British Honduras with the West Indies again came up at a

meeting on October 2, when the P.U.P. members accepted resolutions by the Hon.

John Smith against the forcing of the country into a British Uest Indian Federation,

He moved that the P.U.P. organize a large demonstration, also that they inform in

writing all foreign governments, the United Nations, the Pan American Union, and

the British Colonial Office that steps were being taken to federate this country

against the will of the people. Public protest was also shown in the anti-federa-

tion signs displayed in store windows and homes.

V During October also the four propriertors of the Belize Billboard: Philip

Goldson, Leigh Richardson, Lindberg Goldson, and Armando Dias, were charged by

Police Superintendent Abraham with publishing words in the newspaper with seditious

intent. The charges came out of:- (1) a speech made by leigh Richardson and pub-

lished in the Bill board of June 17, showing that it was theological teaching to

bring democracy to a country by evolution or otherwise; (2) an article published

on September 2 reviewing the struggle of the English people against Kingship; and,

(3) a speech made by Philip Goldson and published on October 7, reviewing the ways

of Central American dictators. As with the first sedition charge earlier in the

year, 1r. Noel Nethersole of Jamaica was engaged to defend the proprietors of the

Billboard, He arrived in the country on October 22, and preliminary hearings began

the same afternoon. The trial started on the 29th and ended on November 5, when a

jury found Philip Goldson, Leigh Richardson, and Armando Diaz guilty, and acquired

Lindberg Goldson. The first two were each awarded jail sentences of twelve months

with hard labour and a peace bond of $1,000, while Arnando Diaz was fined .1]20

with a peace bond of $1,000. Immediately a fund was started for the two imprisoned

journalists to help their families.

Indications showed that the position of the Party was further enhanced

with the publicity of the sedition case, but personal feelings, pointing in another

direction, among the leaders was soon to cause a rift. Rumours had been circulation,

among opposing parties of possible P.U.P. aid from Guatemala. This was perhaps

first prompted when on October 5, Philip Goldson reported to the people at a

Battlefield meeting on his recent'week's visit to Guatemala. The main points he

brought out were all in praise of Guatemala, as compared with the backward state

of British Honduras, and can be summed up as follows;-

a) He had'escapedl from British Honduras and breathed the suwut air
of freedom for one whole week.

b) There was absolutely nothing wrong in anyone going to Guatemala.

c) He saw modern toilet facilities in the huablest homes.

d) The labour lawa were better than in British Honduras.

e) The effect of freedom on the people and the country could be
plainly seen.

f) Guatemala was ahead politically, culturally, and economically.

g) He urged that the 'green curtain' which separated us from our
neighbours be parted.

v The radical-conservation so effectively displayed by the Leader of the

Party since its inception culminated on the night of November 19, following a

policy debate during which his proposals were turned down. John Smith had always

advocated the aims of the Party, the chief of which was to throw off British colo-

nial policies and lead the people to self-determination. In this he was radical;

but apparently he was conservative enough to admire some aspects of the British

rule, and thus he proposed to show some loyalty to the British flag. He therefore,

at the general membership meeting on November 19, urged the. Party to show in a

tangible vay its sincerity to the declared policy of the P.U.P., that is, to attain

oelf-government within the British Commonwealth. He further proposed that to L.ve

the lie to accusations that the P.U.P. was anti-British and under foreign domina-

tion, the British flag should be hoisted alongside the Party's blue and white flag

at public meetings. This gesture, though not really necessary, was very important

in the absence of any other suggestion to establish the true identity of the people

and the country.

Unfortunately, this proposal did not meet with the approval of most other

officers and members of the Party. Two days later, Mr. Smith announced his rosig-

nation, and in a letter to the Party gave as one reason for resigning the fact

that the P.U.P. had been accused of receiving aid from Quatemala, and yet had not

seen it fit to vindicate itself. It had apparently seen no-need to disprove the

allegation either, and under these circumstances he could no longer be associated

with it, adding that he uould not work for Ouatemala either directly or indirectly.

Amon., other officers iho resigned at the bise time ucre V!rvyn Hulse and Caneron

Gabb. It is interesting to note too, that the Billboard, in an editorial, backed

the action of Mr. Anith. [A postscript to the resignation was the Party Secretary's

letter to the Billboard on December 3 stating that the issue of November .21 (uhich

reported the P.U.P. leader's resignation) contained an inference that suggested

that the P.U.P. was receiving aid from Quatemala to work against this country.

He asked to say that there uere no grounds for such an inference.

The year 1951 ended on a note of achievement for the people in the recog-

nition of their present and future place in the world; an awakening to their poli-

tical responsibility and their economic and social rights; a development of their

consciousness of the need for a better constitution and better living conditions;

and an awareness of the best road to a happy political and economic future.

year 1952 opened with strong rumours that City Council elections would
the very near future. This was the signal for the P.U.P. to start its
a as it was felt that the National Party would itself soon begin a

p espign nov that elections, which the P.U.P. felt was the main motive for
MLg Party's wexstence, were near. At a Battlefield meeting early in

George Price told the people, in a semi-oampaign speech, that the P.U.P.
,0 stoop to T1adyism; also that a full report of the sedition charges against
rs of the Blnboard had been sent to the United Nations together with a
M.p of the unsuitable conditions in the country. In concluding his speech,
i on the people to use their vote in the 'limited suffrage' and thus ahow
4[ and the United Rations their protest against the present conditions and
federation. This they could do by putting all the P.U.P. candidates into
fCounil at election time.
In following month the P.U.P. held the first real campaign meeting at which
g wses greeted the announcement that Leigh Richardson and Philip Goldson,
still imprisoned, would be candidates in the municipal elections. The
Mretary declared that "... a sign that the P.U.P. is feared by the privileged
the colonial ruling class, is the vicious and violent campaign of lies to
11 P.U.P. as traitors who, they say, would turn this country over to a foreign
s further assured then that the P.U.P. was not backing the claim of
Iand as a matter of fact when the United Kingdom contended that British
M- fbr the United Kingdom, and hOntemala in the same vein maintained it
iatemala, the P.U.P. rose up declaring that British Honduras was for the

On nomination day, when the Party attempted to register its candidates for

-- sa, the Returning Officer rejected Philip Goldson and Leigh Richardson on
& grounds that they were imprisoned with hard labour for a term exceeding

twelve months. (This was neither true nor justified, since the sentences handed

down by the Court had in fact been for twelve months exactly). The Returning Officer

upheld his decision, however, thus leaving the P.U.P. with only five candidates -

Herman Jex, David Smith, William Coffin, Josd Rivero, and George Price.

Election day was March 19. Out of a total of. 2,955 registered voters, only

1,694 people went to the polls, and the P.U.P. won a signal victory when George Price

topped the polls with 258 votes (46 more than in 1950). The other candidates who

were successful were: William Coffin and Jose Rivero, giving the Party only three

seats out of the nine in the City Council. The National Party won four seats

(Herbert Faller, Mrs. Floss Casasola, Ebeneser Barrow, and Lionel Francis), while

the other two seats were won by independent candidates Fred Westby and John Smith.

The first meeting of the new Council to elect a President and Vice-President

was held on March 51, and ended in a deadlock; as did another meeting convened on

April 2. Finally, on April 4 the Acting Governor, exercising powers given to him

legally, nominated Herbert Fuller to be the President. The first business meeting

convened on April 9 and elected Lionel Francis as Vice-President. The P.U.P. coun-

cillors declined from serving on any of the six committees, George Price significant-

ly refusing nomination to the Import Control Advisory Board on the grounds that

there was insufficient representation of the people on the Board.

It was a day of great rejoicing by the people when Philip Goldson was release

from Prison on July 8, after serving eight months. After attending Mass at Holy

Redeemer Cathedral he took part in a parade held in his honour, and was hailed as

Rhero of the day.* He addressed the crowd after the parade returned to the Majestic

Theatre Yard, saying that he did not regard his imprisonment as a sacrifice, but as a

joy. He had also had the chance to think of new ideas for furthering the struggle

and for helping the Party and the Union. Leigh Richardson got a similar treatment

when he was released a week later. After his parade returned to Cinderella Town he

praised the people for having kept together during the past months, which proved that

throughout the world "they don't come any better."

On July 28 the Legislative Council approved a draft constitution for the

country, which included, among other points -

a) adult suffrage (with ability to write, and over 21 years of age),

b) Legislative Council to have a Speaker appointed by the Governor,

c) three official, three nominated, and nine elected members,

d) Executive Council to have the Governor as Chairman.

The P.U.P. immediately cabled a protest against the constitution to the Secretary

of State, objecting tos(l) the proposal that voters must fll out registration forms

before Justices of the Peace on the grounds that it was impoqAible for 18,000

potential voters to complete such registration before a mere handful of Justices

of the Peace available. It was therefore suggested that enumerators be employed to

institute adult suffrage effectively; (2) the proposal that the Executive Council

contain only four elected members; (5) the proposal that the Governor retain reserve

powers: and, (4) the withholding of adult suffrage in Town Board elections.

The constitution, after being approved by the Secretary of State, did not come

into force until in 1954.

That year's National Day was celebrated as usual, but was marked by a telegram

sent by the P.U.P., through the Acting Governor, to the Queen. In it they demanded

independence and self-determination through a plebiscite as guaranteed to the people

by the United Nations Charter. It asked that the people be released from the

shackles of colonialism, otherwise they might be compelled to appeal to their demo-

cratic neighbours of the Western Hemisphere to help to secure their sacred rights.

1 message from the Party Secretary, who was in the United States on business, was

read to the gathering, in which he complimented them on having defeated mentally the

colonial system of life. They were beginning to see what was necessary for a free

and happy way of life, and they would have to fight for this free and full life for

themselves and their children. He praised the courage of those who had welcomed

imprisonment rather than betray their people and their country, and actions like

that should inspire the masses of people. He asked for God's blessing on that

National Day to make them more determined and pore courageous to meet bravely

and surmount skillftally and defeat gloriously the forthcoming encounters and

obstacles that nll oome from whence we know not where."

The Second Anniversary meeting of the Party vas ohld on September 29, when

several speakers reviewed the activities of the P.U.P. and stressed its aims and

purposes. Philip Goldeon said that the P.U.P. was prepared for long hard years of

struggle if need be, and while they hoped for early victory they did not allow this

hope to keep them from preparing for the struggle,

The P.U.P., allied with the General Workers' Union and the Belime Billboard,

had several charges levelled against them by their natural 'enemies.' The Party

classed these 'enemies' as colonial government spokesman, the National Party, and

the nvwspaper the Daily Clarion. The charges included the followings-

1. The Party represented the minority of the people.

2. The leaders were merely seeking personal glory.

5. They were tools of (Qatemala and Russia.

4. The entire movement was communist.

5. The Party was under the Catholic )Masion in British Honduras.

6. The leaders were irresponsible.

Allegations like these did not have mch effect in belittling the integrity or power

of the Party, and the year ended with the P.U.P. still on the upward climb.

1This was a significant year for British Honduras in that it say the

beginnings of important constitutional reforms which were approved to be brought

into effect the following year. As a result of these preparations, political

activity quickened and the people showed an increased awareness of the constitution,

and even attempted to assess its possible effectiveness and intentions.

Early in the year too, the Secretary of the Party began to attack the charges

made against them by opposing factious. At a meting at Uarborough on January 29,

be said *The strategy of our enemies is to smear falsely and propagate that the

ovement of the P.U.P. for liberation from Colonial evils is wild and irresponsible,

and that it advocates violence and bloody revolution. It may be revolutionary in the

sense that the P.U.P. is working for a change for better living conditions of the

people. By its very nature the Colonial system weilding means of modern warfare makes

revolution impossible. It is absurd and untrue to pretend that there are possibilities

of revolution.

Campaigning for elections to the Legislative Council under the upcoming

constitution got under way early, and the P.U.P. began holding meetings in varlops

sections of the City. The Representation of the People Ordinance, which Goveriment

sought to pass in July, carm under savage attack by the P.U.P. They protested certain

clauses in the Bill which stated that the people could not wear what they choose on

election day, condemning this as violating the rights of citizens to vote freely.

They also protested strongly against all the clauses of the Undesirable Literature

Bi, calling it a Police State Bill, on the grounds that it prevented people from

leaning and knowing the truth. These protests were directed at the Colonial Secre-

tary and the elected members of the Legislative Council, and backed up with a peti-

tion signed by 1,250 citizens representing Belise City and Stann Creek. Both bills

were passed by the Legislative Council on July 24.

The yearly convention of the Party was held on September 50, and officers

elected to official positions veres Leigh Richardson Leader, William Coffin -

Chairman, Jose Rivero Vice-Chairman, George Price Secretary, Philip Goldason -

ssistant Secretary, Tharine Rudon Treasurer; and Party Councillors included

Albert Cattouse, licholas Pollard, and Berman Jex. Several resolutions were moved

by the leaders and accepted by members, the most important of which were administra-

tion of internal and external affairs by representatives of the people, universal

adult suffrage, opposition to Communism and Colonialism, encouragement of credit

unions, equitable land reform and financial assistance to farmers, social security,

opposition to racial prejudice, religious dissension and class prejudice. Nicholas

Pollard and Albert Cattouse also passed a resolution that the P.U.P. offer a reward

of One Hundred Dollars "to any person or persons or any organisation able to prove

that any officer or officers have been seeking and/or receiving financial assistance

from asy foreign country or foreign source with a view to the violent or subversive

oerthrow of the administration They said that the reason they had moved such a

resolution was because for three years opponents of the P.U.P. had been asserting,

and the Colonial Government had been implying, that the P.U.P. received financial

assistance from Guatemala (or through Guatemala from Russia). No proof, however,

had eer been advanced.

Although the Governemnt had taken the P.U.P. suggestion of having enumerators,

apart froa the handful of Justices of the Peace, to register votes, closing of

registration had to be extended more than once, the final date being December 15.

Up to then 20,858 people had been registered.


go year opened with the P.U.P. asserting its usual stand against Colonialis

in a oampig speech delivered by Philip Goldaon on January 22 at a Pound Yard Bride

mating, Be cited the evils of Colonialim, saying that it was responsible for

(1) our not having a nationality of our own, and (2) the natural resources of the

country to be largely undeveloped nexept for that secotion that had been exploited

for the benefit of the ruling power. He urged the people to vote out the colonialists

in the coming election, adMing that the P.U.P. was the only group that showed itself

capable of leading the people oat of Cola1ia14m into freedom and progress. The Party

bad stood up f r jstice for the wvorkr, the famer, the buainamma, and generally

for all the people irrepeotive of oamed, oolaor or state of life. It was ld by

Christian leaders with singleminded devotion to the welfare of the people, and by this

el*otion it oould be made possible to lead the country *out of the gloom onto the

threhold of a great opportunity."

On January 28 the Party held a convention at which candidates for the lIgis-

1Utive Assembly election were named. George Price was to contest the Belise North

vision, Philip Goldson the Belise South, Leigh RLahardson the Belse Vest, and

Herian Ja the Belise Riral. To complete the P.U.P.-G.V.U. platform for the election,

the G.V.U. General Counaci nmnd its fie candidates on Fabruary 12 Enrique Depas

for Cayo, Joed Chin for Corosal, George Flouers for Orange Walk, John Busano* for

Stenn Creek, and George Gardiner for Toledo.

A policy statement on charges of Ouatemalan relations with British Honduras

as made during February by George Prioe, when he reftted a report by an English

reporter reprinted in the Daily Clarion. The item alleged that a B.H. resident in

otamlas City mad certain statements regarding P.U.P. ties with Gnatmala. These

ch Mes ar dirty lies," denied Price. 'The truth is that the P.U.P. is not turning

2*C0 nastiun day he was replaced by athaniel Cache, because he had not resided
in the country for the tim specified to allow him to stand for election.

is country over to utatnmala or any other country. The P.U.P. is vindicating
s rights of the people to possess their ow land and to rule and govern themselves

the manner that suits their interests best."

TBese allegations of P.U.P. pro-Ouatemalan activities were acted upon, when

Maroh 10 the Undersecretary for Commonwealth Belations said in reply to a question

the House of Comons:s In view of the allegations which have been made from time

time of connections between the P.U.P. of British Honduras and Onatemala, it has

n decided that an impartial inquiry shall be held as soon as possible by a om.-

esioner from outside the Colony.' Sinoe the Party had consistently and vehemently

nied that there vas any truth in the allegations, the decision was taken mildly.

e leader of the Party commented that the P.U.P. had absolutely nothing to fear

on any enquiry of that sort. What they had objections to was the time chosen for

oh an enquiry practically on the eve of elections. Secretary George Price sent

letter to the Colonial Secretary, along with a telegram for transmission to the

aretary of State for the Colonies, branding an investigation of the P.U.P. on the

o of elections as a political trick. He tfrther asked that if an enquiry he held

all, that it be conducted by United States Senator Joseph MoCarthy (a great

mnidst hunter), rather than by a British commissioner.

Governor Renison for his part seemed convinced, however, that there vas a

e-up between the Central American colony's leading political party and the

emnista of neighboring Guatemala." He proceeded to appoint Sir Reginald Sharpe,

C., to carry out the enquiry. He arrived in the country on March 25, and the

quiry started at once. Seven days later, after listening to evidence from several

aple, he read the summary of his fings to a packed courtroom, while thousands

r citizens stood outside, some lifting George Price onto their shoulders saidst

u playing of "land of the Gods.'

At a press conference held afterwards the Governor stated that he felt the

Dntact uLth Guatemala had been proved, and it was left to the voters and the world's

Isay what the contact meant. Philip Goldeon asked the Gowmnor if he thought
o.*k with a P.U.P. legislative Assembly majority, to wiah he nplieds -1
Uald depend on the P.U.P. It would be my duty to work together with the

M the end of it all the P.U.P. charged that all the persons who gave evidence
am owe either Goveamrnt officials or hangers-on of John Proud (Public
0O tfnoer and leading witness against the P.U.P.), or one of his stooges,

h agreed, the charges against the rfty, which were being made for four
Snot proven. It ua noteworthy too, that the evidence of lake lemp, a

,pit es, as completely suppressed by the British Honduras Broadcasting
the Daily Clarion, and the Commisaioner himself in his report. (Eamp lad

01f it as impossible for the people of Brirish Honduras not to have contact
mtala; that John Proud was unreliable and untrustworthy; and that Proud
to get bhi to fom a political party with John tSdth against the P.U.P.)

Ch election day, April 28, the majority of voters showed their trust in

J.P, and their contempt for the Sharpe enquiry, when they returned eight out
Iu P.U.P. candidates to the legislative Assembly. 'his was the first general

I under smai-universal adult suffrage, and it signifed a victory for the
Sor Uays than one the people were satisfied to know that the *Colonialist
not worked, and the P.U.P. leaders on the other hand muas have felt

Seventy-one per cent. of the electorate voted, of which the P.U.P. won

wa per oent. of the votes. The Ponta Gorda candidate, George Gardiner, was
ed by Charles Weatby.
Nov in command of the majority of seats in the Legislative Amsembly, the P.U.P.
M1 not be regarded as completely in charge. Thair power was limited in that

Lg no control over the executive Council, which was composed of the Governor,
tfcia2s, two nominated members, and four elected members of the Legislative
. Ihe inaugural meting was held on June 18 under the hairmanship of the

the Hon. A.I. Volfftohn.

a yearly Party convention held on or around the anniversary of the

ya"r held on September 22 at Liberty Hall leigh Richardson was
mr of the Party. Daring the oarse of the meting he made a call for
st the ministerial system to the government of British Hoaduras, and

iWasi of twelve million dollars in C.D.& U. funds to be made to the

p3 development during the period April 1955 to March 1960,

Sr 2 the Secretary of State had announced from London that be would
:.*?P. leaders to discuss plans for the development of the country, as

I matters. Later in the year the delegation ws named and comprised the

6. Salvador Espat (a nominated member), Hon Philip Goldaon, Bon. Herman

* IJaig Mchardson. hey left Belise on October 12, and after friendly

tunedd on November 9 with the Secretary of State's promise of an
itten of five million dollars for the aezt three years. This was to
Wit7y to carry on, and if possible, improve on the then present rate
oe o developMnt. He also promised that a further measure of constitn-

me us now Justified due to the good co-operation of the majority party

Ste plan was that as from January 1, 1955, there would be three
Vold have responsibilities for those departments dealing with natural

iOal services, and public utilities. There were also to be three
wbo would share the responsibilities. So it was that at a Legis-

meting held on the last day of 1954, the Governor announced that he

SofLicial members of his Executive Council to assume responsibilities,
S1, 1955, as followsu-

Leigh Richardson Member for Natural Resources
neaman Jez Mmber for Public Utilities
Philip Goldaon Mhaber for Social Services
i George Price Associate Member for Natural Resources
LSalvador Espat Associate Mnber for Pbblic Utilities
AV. Macmillan Assoeiate Member for Social Services.

p system of government was regarded as sea-mliisterial responsi-

Uling Party, and also a step in the right direction leading towards a
of participation in the affairs of the Country.

On the eve of Flag Day ( February 1 ) the P.U.P. leaders at a meeting,

pledged allegiance to the Blue and White flag, referring to it as the *sacred

qabol of the people's aspirations for a true and lasting democracy." The Party

leader said that the Blue and White should eventually fly atop Government build-

ings all over the Country in an attempt to oust Colonialism, which still re-

mined a vital issue and a dangerous threat to "life, limbs, and property." He

also thought that it was time for foreign investors to be encouraged to come into

the Country, and in fact efforts to attract investments of some six million dollars

vas already under way. At the same meeting George Price reiterated his statement

of three years before, in connection with the flag, when he stated that it was,

and vold forever remain the guiding star of the people and their leaders. When the

day car that they were completely liberated from the evils of British Colonialism,

the blue and white flag would fly from the flagstaff of the Courthouse Wharf.

The Party celebrated its first anniversary, on winning the elections the

previous year, with a meeting oneApril 29. Leigh Richardson urged the people to

face the facts, because before the elections there were fantastic stories being cir-

culated about the P.U.P. These rumours were still strong, but they were prepared to

fight them, since the people had shown good faith in electing them.

In August the Party Leader approached the Acting Governor requesting him to

consider a greater measure of responsibilities and authority for the elected members

of the Eoecutive Council. Under the Membership system the Members had no powers to

take steps to solve the unemployment problem, so it was necessary for the functions

of Members to be extended so as to allow them to deal with this pressing situation.

Members also needed powers to enable them to undertake better the social and economic

fields on a long-term basis. The Acting Governon agreed to make a few changes in

the original distribution of departments and subjects among the official and un-

official members of the Executive Council. He proceeded to place Development

hbich was previously under the Financial Secretary, under the Member for Natural

Resarcea. Industrial relations, labour, and local Government were placed under

the Mmber for Social Services, who in an effort to create complete impartiality

in labour and industrial relations, had to resign his membership of the General

orikere Union and sever all connections with it and any other trade union. .th

these changes it was advocated that it would now be possible to attract potential

investors, settle land tenure problems, and eventually set up a development cor-


On the National Day the pledge of allegiance to the P.U.P. and to the

Country was renewed. The Party Leader spoke of the need for the celebrations to

be carried on separately in protest of the ways of Colonaialism. He also felt

strongly that there should be a never-ending fight for social, economic, and poli-

tical rights and privileges to be carried on despite criticisms.

Political progress under the P.U.P. since the 1954 elections, as well as

uder the Numbership system introduced afterwards, was landed in a September issue

of the London Times. The article stated, in part, "The course of political develop-

ent has run remarkedly smoothly in British Honduras since the elections of 1954.

Ma has been recognized by the devolution of increased powers upon the elected

umbers of the Executive Council, who are drawn from the P.U.P.... This is cause

for satisfaction, seeing the awLeties which were felt at the time of the elections...

It was not only constitutional reasons, however, that was responsible for this smooth

progress, but also human reasons "attributable to the personalities of the leaders

involved. The P.U.P. Government has certainly addressed itself courageously to the

tasks it has had to tackle, and has ezLhibited a marked degree of wisdom and restraint

~aich haa been fully met by the outgoing Governor..."

A P.U.P. convention held at the Riverside Hall on October 11 saw the re-

election of the Party leaders Me bloh to a new teru of office. A resolution was

passed unanimously by which the leaders were authorized to 1) seek from the Govern-

mat of Britain thirty million dollars needed for urgent development and reoonstrue-

a, 2) request the immidite granting of the Ministerial system of government to

County, and 3) send a delegation to London, if necessary, to present the ease

theme matters.

5e year we a oala and progressive one for the Party and the Country, but

%tp the greatest a Lievement was the unity and dedication uith itLch elected,

asted, and efficial members of the Goveirn t served the people's interest.

he determndination and solidarity the P.U.P. expressed during this year was
less than it was in those/early 1950 days when the Party first came to the

pie. Tds was the year when the first municipal elections under adult suffrage

to be held, and the Party's campaign was vigorously under way. At one campaign

ting held on February 24, the Party Secretary expressed his conviction and pride

the fact that four years of pu1aing political life had allowed the people to

ce graduates of the college of politics. These years had made the men and women

the streets responsible, intelligent and sharp.

Before election day, which was set for March 19, the Leader of the Party

nmed from the london Federation Conference he had attended as observer, and in

i report to the Party, brought out three main points on federations-

1. So long as British Honduras could help it, she should try to
steer clear of any form of federation.

2. If she could not do this, she should then look around to secure
the best possible conditions before making alliances with anybody.

5. The Country should not close the door completely on a possible
union with the West Indles, but should rather wait and see what
the future had in store.

ins tateemnts vere perhaps interpreted by certain members of the Party to show a

ght pro-federation attitude, very unlike the Leader's initial stand on the matter.

4,449 voters went to the polls on election day, representing forty-seven per

it. of the electorate. The P.U.P. won an unprecedented landslide victory over

dr opponents(1) by getting all six candidates elected. William Coffin topped the

U1s wth 715 votes, and the other successful P.U.P. candidates were George Price,

e liwro, Tharine Badon, Leopold Grinage, and Jaime Staines. At the victory

sting the Secretary said that by their polling the people had shoia again tangibly

dir aspport and devotion to the Party.

V=n the City Council met, George Price was elected President of the Council,

d M or of Belise City. William Coffin was elected Vice-President.

the Belis Billboard of March 25 contained an editorial praising the merits

the P.U.P. It said "The P.U.P. id the people of the Country. Study the P.U.P.

Lyu id.1l see in its members, in its leaders and its candidates, exact reflection
the people of British Honduras. In the P.U.P. you will see mirrored the strength

I the weakness of Honduras. Study the P.U.P. and you will see a people's deteruina-

a and ability to overcome all obstacles to political progress for their Country."

On September 10 the address of loyalty wa read and presented to the Governor

a P.U.P. leader for the first time, when the task fell on George Price as IHyor,

A little over two weeks later the second rift was made in the Party, when at

Samnnal convention at Riverside Hall on September 27, the Party Chairman, Wlliam

Tin, made a declaration bringing up the following pointas-

On July 6 the G.W.U. suspended its General Secretary, Nicholas

Pollard, for financial irregularities(2)

On July 7 Nicholas Pollard began a public campaign of slander against

leaders of the P.U.P. (with the ezoeption of George PriLe and sme

other Party Councillors who he said supported his in his actions).

During the course of his campaign Pollard had declared many times

that his aim was to destroy certain leaders of the P.U.P. and the

G.V.U., leaving only "Price for politics and Pollard for unionism."

He had been assured of the full support of George Price in achieving

that objective.

Wes campaign had resulted in ditruast and disunity within the P.U.P.,

and had allowed informed and thinking people to get the impression

that the Party was not to be trusted with the destiny of the Country.

If this was not checked, the Country's prospects for getting

1) ~his diaspte amongst the leaders of the G.W.U. had resulted in Pollard farming
a break-mmy union registered as the Christian Demooratic Union.

development capital fra abroad could be damaged, and a certain

neigbboaring republic mght beto enooraged to press its elaim to

British Hondras.

Tis dealsration am signed by the following personas, who also de it olear

t they van reuimingh froa the Party- Iigh Ri hardsom, 1illim Coffin, Philip

dean, Bobert Stanmore, Albert Arsu, Elfreda Bwp, Arther Waite, Magms Vernon,

an Jex, JoTs Chin, Jaime Stainesp and Leopold Grinage. here was disorder in

meting ibtn the Chaizman reached that section of his prepared statement,

ipUting, as the Blise Tims pat it to read a landerous statement about C.D.U.

enl Secretary eicholas Pollard and Party Secretary George Prioe,' Coffin had

azently ignored the point of order movd by Pollard, despite the Secretary'a

th U entire meting*as dead that the point of order be onsidered before the

iamn ocantmed his speech. the P.U.P. umbers, who had resigned, failing to

* the statement properly read due to the load noise, left in a body amd.dst booing.

eral people were injured in the melds that ensued, and the Police had to intervene

parent leigh Richardson from causing any serious ham with the pistol be had


After order as restored, the meeting reomed under the chairmanship of

rge Price, and the oanmntion, among other things, re&ffzmd its determination

achieve self-govermnt for the Country, and re-e phassed the Party's stand

dlst federation. At election time the new officers unanid aly elected weres-

irg Price frty Leader, Edward Austin PArty Secretary, Joe Eivro Party
dLa, Albert Cattouae Treasurer, Alfred Bevans Deputy Chairman, Jose

and Assistant Secretary.

The solidarity of the P.U.P. in the legislative Aembly we nov split.

L Bibazrdson formed the Hndaran Independee Party on October 4, and five of
i former P.U.P. members alimod themselves i th this new Party, while three remained

th the P.U.P. Several view were expressed on the split its aomes, its possible

OMltition-- and it is interesting to note the opinion of a
ut' a iting in the Daily Clarion of October 20s "leigh
Goldeon and others had from the beginning followed an irres-
Igmdt, policy of agitation and Utopian promises. 1Ith the elso-
Sto pablio office, they found themselva up against the true

the decision hoch they had to make vas whether to
and view of the facts presented, or whether to oentinne to

so as to secure for themselves the contimed support of
esisnee of their honesty these embers modified their demands
k kLth Goverment in order to bring about the mch needed changes.

Sbmiught them into conflict iLth the Ir-ty's extremists. Since
Sq=ad not reconcile their different vievpointa, it was an inevi-
SWtlat one of them would have to resign from the Party.'

The Governor dissolved the legislative Assembly on Jamnuary 51, and announced

nev elections vould be held in March. Important political dmvelopents had

red in 1956, which resulted in the formation of the Honduran Independence Party,

tha the need for early elections. This was to be conduoted under the sawe

tituaton of nine elected seats in the fifteen seat legislature,

he P.U.P. in its election campaign maintained its stand against Colonialim

Vest Indies Federation, advocating instead the country's poistion on the Central

loan nei na.nd. Its platform was a formidable one, consisting of candidates dramn

I the P.U.P., the Corosal United Party, and the Christian Democratic Union, as


George Price Belise North
Albert Cattouse Belize West
Denhigh Jeffery Belise South
louis Sylvestre Belize Jaral
Knrique Depas Cayo District
David McKoy Stann Creek District
Santiago BLoalde Corosal District
Victor Orellam Orange Walk District
FPmstino Zuniga Toledo District.

On election day, March 20, the second general elections under universal adult

frge, the P.U.P. won a clean sweep of all nine elected seats and the Party Leader

pod the polls with 1355 votes. They acquired fifty-nine per cent, of the total

as ast, and another feature of the voting was that only fifty per cent. of the

etorate voted (compared with seventy per cent. in 1954). One opinion on this

nation was as follows OIt is alear that Price captured moet, but far free all,

the 1954 P.U.P. voters; and it seems likely that Richardson vas unable to attract

7 vote from people who had voted against the P.U.P. in 1954 perhaps because

h voters viewed the election of 1957 as a purely internecine struggle within the

i.P., or possibly because Price's stigmatizing of Richardson as pro West Indian

blration restrained such voters from voting H.I.P.,,(l)

) D.A.G. Waddell, "British Honduras: a historical and contemporary survey.' 1961.

Inaugural meeting of the new legislative Assembly was held on April 12.

t e month the Governor announced the names of the unofficial members of the

SCounadl, assigning portfolios to Members and Aasociate MNmbers as follows:-

Mmber fobr natural Besouaroes Bn. George Price
Asso. Member for Natural lesouroes -- Louis Sylvestre
Nmber for Social Servioea -- Albert Cattouse
Asso. Member for Social Services -- J.W. Mamillan, C.B.E.
Mmeber for Publio Utilities Dnbigh Jeffery
Anso. Member for Public Utilities H.T.A. DBowm, O.B.E., J.P.

a 8th Annual Convention of the P.U.P. vas held on October 1 in the R.verLide

all officers and comnttee members were re-elected. Resolntions were

tiug a vote of confidence to George Price and his oolleagmue, and support-
mpowering the proposed delegation to London to request further financial

advanced constitution, miLnisterial powers, a fully elected Legislative
and Exoutive Council, and self-government by a fixed date.

iA sizman delegation comprising the Governor, the Financial Secretary, the

Boman, G. Prioe, A.E. Cattouse, and D.R. Jeffery, left for London in

dor. They were sobhedled to hold talks at the Colonial Office with the

of State for the Oolonies. These talks were a sequel to the disauasions

may tters held in London in November 1956, and were concerned with fitan-

economio topics arising ou* of the Developent Plan and draft 1958 Budget.

oenstittional advance would also be asked for.

O november 27 the Seoretary of State announced in the House of Commons that

eme had been discovered in a conspiracy with the Guatemalan )Lnister in London

teer British Handuras from the Comanealth, and fore noa sort of association

a a He consequently informed Price that because of *his lack of good

would not omttiLa the talks, and Price, in an effort to save the talks,

that he withdraw from the discussions, and that the training members of

nation be allowed to carry on the negotiations. The Secretary of State re-

wring that the Governor and himself had agreed that the correct thing to do

a for the delegation to return howe, consider the nov izoumstanoes, and as soon

poeslbis form a reconstituted delegation,

On Novober 28, Jeffery cabled homwsaying that the Guatemalan Minister had

fared them all the money they needed to balance the budget and for development -

B totalling same sixteen million dollars if British Hondoras agreed to become

part of Guatemala. Price, on the other hand, explained that the Guatmuln MILister'i
for was purely a suggestion that he himself would hae laid before the Secretary of

ate. They were never asked to accept or reject it. Hb did not regard the mission

a failure, adding that it would probably lead to something mach bigger. He further

dled, before leaving London, that his talks with the" Ididster were secret.

The delegation returned to British Honduras on ovember 30, and there were

my P.U.P. supporters at the Airport to greet them. Price was presented with bouquets

aring the greetings "We are still loyal to yeou, while the people carried him on

sir shoulders. In a brief statement to the people he said uWe were betrayed by the

drd maber of the unofficial delegation... For months there were negotiations going

Between the Guatemalan Embassy and the British Foreign Office. The Guatemalan Min-

iter invited us and said he would inform us of a proposal which would be put to the

)Mgn Offioe. He did not make a proposal to us... When we heard of the proposal, we

pledged to keep silent about it... The thing to do is to stand firm and make sure that

f y are going to send another delegation bank to London, then you send Mr. Cattouse

ad self.

In a radio broadcast the Governor gave his views on the matter, and informed

is people formally of the Secretary of State's decision. He said that George Price
dcl ilth three other unofficial members of the delegation had attended a luncheon in

doa given by the oQatemalan Miaister, Sefior Jorge Granadoe. Proposals were made to

te r delegates which in fact meant the severance of British Honduras from the

IdU Crowa, and its integration with Guatemala as an associate state. Mr. Price,

ma debr of the delegation, had failed to inform the Governor of these proposals,

ad dia asked by the Secretary of State about then had said that he wanted more tim

think about them, as he had not been able to make up his mind. The Governor was

inoed that R4r.4Pi-Pce had the intention of trying to play one Government off
Inst the other..* and he was prepared in certain eventualities to\ see the people

this country handed over to the Guatemalan Republic lock, stock and barrel."

On December 6, at a Legislative Assembly meeting, Price's election to the

ative Council was revoked under Article 14 of letters Patent 1954, on the grounds

it his actions were not compatible with his Councillor's oath of loyalty to the

na. hbis dismissal was condemned by the elected members of the Assembly. Price

i replaced as Member for Natural Resources by Enrique Depas, the P.U.P. Member for

i Cayo Division. On the same afternoon the Anti-submarine Frigate H..S. Ulster

*ved at Belize Harbour with military reinforcements from the regiment. in Jamaica,

is others arrived by plane. These steps were taken as a precautionary measure in

is of disorders following Price's expulsion from the Executive Council. There were,

jemr, no incidents.

An emergency meeting of the P.U.P.-C.D.U., also held on December 6, decided to

Ution the Government for the expulsion of the Hon. D. Jeffery from the Executive

dcil, on the grounds that he no longer enjoyed the confidence of the Assembly

jority which had placed him on the Council. He was already expelled from the Party.

The Deputy Leader, Albert Cattouse, proposed on December 27 at a meeting of

e Assembly, a resolution reaffirming the House's allegiance to the Crown, and

jecting any other government's claim to sovereignty over British Honduras. He also

n1ed for friendly relations with other countries. The resolution was unanimously

prod by the Assembly.

George Price lost little of his popularity, and throughout all the allegations

I iatained his innocence, protesting that the whole Government action was a plot

pint him. HLs defence against the charges levelled at him bordered around the fact

bnt he had been advised by the Secretary of State to be ready at a moment's notice

o disaws the Guatemalan question in London. Mr. Jeffery and Mr. Bowman both in

ise and on the boat to London had advised him to see the Guatemalan Minister

h a view to settling the British Honduras Guatemala dispute. All four unofficial

gates knev of his actions (except perhaps Mr. Boman who was out when Price went

second time to clarify certain points with the Minister). The Miniaster had only

formed' them of a proposal to be made to the Foreign Office, and Price had made it

ar to the Secretary of State that he did not recognise Guatemala's claim to British

dmras, and furthermore did not wish to become a part of Guatemala. He believed that

Kjdaiter's proposal of self-goverment for British Honduras in a Central American

ration could only be decided by the people not there and then by the delegation

London. Be would not coiLt himself without oding back to the people about the

posals, and for this reason and not because he wanted to sell the country to

temala the Secretary of State boeme displeased.

TdL statement was further strengthened when the Guatemalan MHnister, before

1nWg london for consultations with his Government, issued a statement to the

fah press. He completely exonerated the P.U.P. leader from any kind of action

*lled 'secret intrigue' by over-zealous, too hasty politicians in Parliament. At

* too, the Party leader and the Exeeutive Councils of the P.U.P. and the C.D.U.

mnd a statement on the results of the London delegation, bringing out the followings-

1. They regretted and protested the action of the Secretary of State in

breaking off talks. They thought this was deplorable in view of the

urgent financial and constitutional needs of the country.

2. Faith in and loyalty to George Price and Albert Cattouse were reaffirmed

as leaders of the P.U.P. and Government of the country.

3. They could not find it possible to believe that there were disloyal or

clandestine intentions connected with talks with the Guatemalan Minister

in London.

4. It was their view that the Guatemalan Minister merely told then out of

courtesy a proposal he was going to make to the Foreign Secretary.

They also felt that this proposal should not be completely ignored,

and should be made knoun to the people.

5. Their intention of listening, along with all the unofficial members of
the delegation, to a proposal of self-toverment with a Central AJerioan

Federation with eoonomic aid was not intended to be 'secret intrigue'

by the Minister or the delegation.

6. There was never any intention of transferring the sovereignty of British
Honduras to Quatemala.

Price later declared and signed to the effect that he did not accept Guate-

Ila's claim to British Honduras, but rather believed in self-goverment under the

hited Nations. He advocated finally that it was a first principle of British and

hited Nation' justice and freedom that a man has a right to think, listen and to

Pzoss anything not morally wrong.

The year ended with the announoeaent that a new delegation was to leave for

andon early in 1958.

meotnstituted delegation, comprising of the Governor, the financial
."Us Bons. Enrique Depas, Albert Cattouse, and Denbigh Jeffery, left the
Plamary 8 to begin talks on Jamuary 14. They did not achieve the financial
id fbro,
I P.U.P., under George Price, continued to dominate the political life
htry. This was observed even in England when a Pebruary isume of the

"M~ s4A of the Leader 'There is no doubt that he is experiencing
Itloalt daq as a politician, but those who are hoping for a change in
i.~y to be disappointed... Although dropped from the January talks in

Stpora n the shadows, Price is still the man who cannot be ignored
i BoIdmas politics."
lag Narch the Bon. E. Depas wrote a letter to the Belise Billboard dia-
g bdlself faro the P.U.P. Ihe letter, although not one of resignation,

-meg other things that he was not satisfied wLth certain aspects of party

I party policy set by George Price. This attitude followed on the heels of
) msid to have been made by C.D.U. Secretary, iobholas Pollard, to the
he had oamp3taly lost confidence in Price.

Ilsad's threat to resign supposedly came about because of an address
p as alleged to have delivered, favoring a plan for Joining British

fth Guatemala(1). Pollard said he would have to resign unless the P.U.P.

Psalared that neither the leader nor any other member of the Pkrty should
ah a matter in public before the Pkrty Council had given its approval.
)be was expelled from the Party on the grounds that he "released for public
i a libellou letter containing damaging and false statement against the
its leader.o Shortly after this Depas resigned, and the P.U.P. consequently

i said that he was always in favour of using the Guatemalan situation as
pa against Britain, but he was never serious about any form of association
pother country. He believed that the future of B.B. was independence.

st its majority of one in the Legislative Assembly.

Although he suffered the loss of some of his associates, Price continued his

urd fight. About this tlj one historian(2) said of him: BA man of considerable

raonal charu, and an effective speaker, his personal magnetism rather than his

]lcies attracted many followers, though the visions he conjured up of a Central

erioan destiny were also not without effect. His unocmproising nature, his rigid

tholicism, the asceticism of his private life, all tended to lead to uncritical and

tisdastic idolization. To a great extent he was assisted by the rudimentary

nature of politics... Moreover, the emotional reactions Price produced among his

pozmnts tended to rob the opposition group of mich potential effectiveness by

kng their outlook essentially anti-Price, and thus predominantly negative."

Uhile addressing a political meeting on March 21 at the Majestic Theatre lard,

ioe vaa alleged to have said that while he and Cattouse were in New York they had

served that toilet paper, instead of ticker-tape, had been dropped on to the Queen

ring her visit to New Tork. He was immediately charged with sedition, and the

ial which opened in the Supreme Court on April 16, ended with his acquital on

ril 25.

During May, Herbert Fuller, President of the National Party, and Philip Goldson,

Sting Leader of the Hondnran Independence Party, proposed in a letter to George Price

at the three parties oombine to send a delegation to discuss a solution to the

atealan problem with Mr. John Profumo, Under-Secretary of State, due to arrive in

e country on May 13. The P.U.P. declined on the grounds that the Guatemalan claim

is a dispute between the United Kingdom and Guatemala, and as such should be dealt

Lth by the Foreign Offices of both countries.

2) D.A.G. Vaddell; mBritish Hondurasn a historical and contemporary survey., 1961,

On the day following the joint delegation talks with Mr. Profumo, the P.U.P.

wortheless sent a separate delegation. On May 15, the Executive Council, which

eluded the Deputy leader and one other member of the P.U.P., unanimously passed

o following resolution:- *That the people of British Honduras reject entirely and

solutely any pretensions to soveriegnty over their territory by Guatemala and on

kalf of the people we represent this Council urges Her Majesty's Government

purously to resist any claims of this sort which are totally repugnant to the

*spi of British Honduras."

In July, Price asserted that his policy was one of economic association with

itral America, with a view to becoming a sixth Central American state.

S A demand for self-government was made during August in the form of a demon-

ration in which about 5,000 persons of Belize City and the districts took part.

sy supported the presentation of a memorial signed by Price suggesting that Her

esty's Government had failed to bring about adequate economic development and to

mide several of the basic services required by the people. It was further requested

at immediate self-determination and self-government be granted. The memorial was

lvered at Government House following a parade through the City, requesting trans-

aioa to the Secretary of State.

S 1The reply came on December 15, re-affirming Her Majesty's Government general

hay for political and constitutional development of Colonial territories, namely to

L& the people along the road to self-government within the Commonwealth, the

poest on a whole had been diplomatically turned down, and the reasons given included:-

a) the country would still have to be financially dependent for a time,

b) self-government could only be interpreted as transfer to another
power most likely Guatemala in view of statements made by
both British Honduras and Guatemala, and,

c) any transfer of that sort would not be in keeping wit* the resolution
of loyalty previously passed by the Assembly in December, 1957.

end of October the P.U.P. had announced its candidates for the Belize

elections. They were Edward Austin, lcas Marin, Anthony Maighan,

apg, Fred Westby, and George Price. At a convention held on October
passed several resolutions, among them that the Party centime its

hieve its rightful place within the Central Amerian orbit, and that the
ontry be changed from British Honduras to Belizs, and the capital city

ai.e City.

etLon day, December Is votes were cast the highest up to then in
Lsatory. 56.9 per cent. of the electorate voted and returned five

tes to office. They lost same ground here, although still in the

the opposition charged that the anti-P.U.P. vote was split due to
odidates intervening. At a City Council meeting on December 22,

na unwimously elected President, and Fred Westby Vie-President.

air's end .minipal elections were also held throughout the country

iptiLa of Stann Creek), and the P.U.P. won majorities in all six of

SBoards in the districts.


Early in the year the Governor attempted to introduce a resolution into
the Assembly against association with Guatemala. This was done to offset the bold,
mtiumous statements of the Onatemalan President regarding 'Belice, and although

the resolution was carried, quite a few elected members opposed it.

On April 5 the P.U.P. held a demonstration for better housing and employment.
At the sam time a memorial addressed to the Secretary of State was presented to the

Gowrnor. The memorial referred to a previous one of August 22, 1958, requesting

iiediate self-governuent and self-detersination in accordance with the United Nations

I A Constitutional Commissioner, Sir Hilary Blood, arrived in the Country on
September 1 to review the 1954 Constitution. The P.U.P. submitted a umber of pro-

posals, ausuarized as followss-

a) The introduction of the ministerial system,
b) A fully elected Assembly of seventeen members.

a) The Governor to be divested of all legislative or administrative
powers, and to be solely the Queen's representative in the Country.
d) The Government should be under an elected representative.
e) There should be no nominated or ex-officio members of the Assembly.
f) Members of the Assembly should be immne from prosecution for their
political opinions, and should not be arraigned in Court without
consent of the Assembly.
g) A Cabinet should be charged with the administration of the Country,
and be responsible to the Assembly for all acts of Government.
h) The Cabinet should be further empowered to contract loans and request
aid for economic development.

i) Appointments to the public service should be made by the Government.

The report of the Commissioner was made public on October 25, and he recom-
makded only a few constitutional. changes. He said that he preSerred to institute

a gpadual change because -

1. The Guatemalan claim complicated matters.

2. British Honduras was not ready for any more changes.

5. The fact that the P.U.P. wanted self-government under the
United Nations was a danger-eignal.

On November 19 it was announced by the P.U.P. Secretary that Councillor

%ogers, a former member of the National Independence Party, had resigned that

because he disagreed Lwith their policy, and had now become a member of the

. ehis move increased the Party's representation on the City Council to six.

Elections to the Stann Creek Town Board were held on December 28, and

ted in the P.U.P. gaining three seats out of five. 897 out of 1,580 registered

a vent to the polls, and the successful P.U.P. candidates were: Allan Arthurs,

L Mc oy, and Carlos Nolberto.

In January the P.U.P. and the N.I.P. agreed on joint action so as to present

dted Front at the forthcoming London talks. This was mostly in reaction to the

ititational Conmissioner's report, and it was proposed to present suggestions for

neater measure of constitutional advance.

Besides the Constitutional Delegation from the Working Committee which com-

ed George Price and Albert Cattouse of the P.U.P., Herbert 1ller and Philip

laon of the N.I.P., and two independents (Rev. G. Hulse and W.H. Courtenay),

Svwas the official Government's Delegation (which would diewuss economic policy

financial aid), and a Christian Demooratic Party delegation. The talks opened

February 1, and when it ended on February 17, there were several constitutional

gea agreed on for the Country, embodying substantial transfers of political power

the people, the more important being:-

the introduction of the ministerial system, with the majority

Party leader to be known as First MLnister,

an Executive Council consisting of the Governor as Chairman, two

official members, the First Minister, and five other ministers,

elected by the legislative Assembly from among their own members,

a Legislative Assembly presided over by a Speaker, comprising eighteen

elected members, two nominated official and five nominated unofficial


the First Minister to propose names of his Cabinet to the Assembly,

the First Minister to allocate, through the Governor, the portfolios

of Ministers.

Uhese developments, braoght about by the new constitution, undoubtedly took

i Country nearer to self-government, and although most members of the delegation

t be thanked and praised for the part they played, it is interesting to single out

1J.P. Leader and quote what a newspaper(1) had to say of him "After some ten
billiue Times. January 29. 1960.

in of arduously fighting for the people of this Country, after sowe ten years of
rd work, uniting the people of this Country, and after ten years of removing the
ny obstacles presented by the Colonial system, the Hon. George Price, Leader
mnipotent' of Belize Country, has won another great victory this time that of
citing the voices of their Country to seek for self-over ment and independence."

It is significant that in the preamble to the new constitution, there was a
action which rejected the Guatemalan claim to B.H., and another section which stated
at a referendum must be held before there could be any question of joining with a
lAhboring country. This vas signed by leaders of both the P.U.P. and the N.I.P.
Ioe was definite when he proclaimed that he wanted B.H. to be a bridge between the
nmonmealth and Central America.

I he granting of greater constitutional powers to the Government heralded
kat later became know as the 'new order.' The people's identity began to assert
tself, and nation-consciousness was encouraged by slogans and daily reminders. The
oty leader led the movement with vigorous and perspicacious declarations. An
ample of this was in December when he moved amendments to certain bills concerning
h Judiciary system of the Country, proposing that Belize be no longer termed a town,
at a city, and the entire land no longer a colony, but a country. He said that such
W vas in keeping with the 'new order' and the new pattern of Government.

With the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly by the Governor on January

14, and the subsequent announcement that general elections would be held early in

March, the P.U.P. began campaigning vigorously. Their national convention opened

at Memorial Park in Belize City on January 27, when thousands of members and suppor-

ters attended, and the district candidates for the election were presented to the

convention. The following nightie session was held at the Riverside Hall, when

officers were elected and the Party's manifesto for the elections adopted. The

officers were as follows:-

Party Leader
Deputy Party Leader
Deputy Chairman
Aast. Secretary

George Price
Albert Cattouse
Alfred Bevans
Ivan Tillett
Anthony Meighan
Melvin Tsaguirre.

On March 1, election day, the P.U.P. candidates(1) won all eighteen elected

(1) C.L. Rogers
G. Lizarraga(Mrs.)
A. Cattouse
F. Vestby
A. Hunter
G. Price
S. Ricalde
J. Ken
H. Silva
S. Perdomo
A. Arthurs
D. McKoy
F. BHnter
L. Sylvestre
S. Vernon
F. Zuniga
G. Pech
V. Orellana

Mesopotamia Division
Pickstook Division
Fort George "
Freetown "
Corozal North "
Corozal South
Cayo North "
Cayo South "
Stann Creek Town
Stann Creek Rural
Belise Rural North
Belize Rural South
Toledo South
Toledo North
Orange Walk South
Orange Walk North

meats in the Assembly, under an advanced constitution. This victory vas regarded

by the P.U.P. as a strong mandate for them tp govern the Country during the next four

7aan. This was the second time in mucoession the Party had won all the elected seats

in a general election. Statistics for the election shoved that over eighty per cent.

of the registered voters vent to the polls, and 65.16 per cent, of these voted for the


George Price was formally appointed First Minister by the Governor on March 5,

and on March 27 Price in turn allocated portfolios to his Ministers, elected

to his Cabinet through the Governor, as follows:-

Finance and Devlopment Hon. G. Price
Public Works, Power and
Com nications Hon. A. Cattouse
Local Government, Social
Welfare and Cooperatives Hon. L. Sylvestre
Natural Resources, Commnrce
and Industry Hon. A. Hunter
Labour Hon. C. Rogers
Ednoation, Health and
Housing Hon. J. Macmillan.

Now in total power, the Leader and his Party went ahead with plans for the

Country, helped along by its mouthpiece the Belize Times, and before the year ended

aeh had been changed in areas of semantics and political ideas and ideals.

At a City Council meeting held on May 25, the members unaniusly approved

a neolution made by the President that Central Government should repeal the existing

lav of proportional representation, and institute the system of direct counting of

otes as was used for elections to the Legislative Assembly.

During this year too, the Battle of St. George's Caye, celebrated on September

10, was branded by the Party as a myth, and at a Legislative Assembly meeting held on

hAm 27 a resolution was proposed that the 10th day of September be adopted and

bolared to be the National Day of the Country. This was approved by the Emcutive

Coudl on July 19.

An unprecedented incident on the southern border with Onatemala on Janaary

oangt the attention of the entire Country, when a party of armwd Quatemalans

sted that country's flag at Pueblo Viejo after tearing down the Union Jack and

Ding it. This at once formed a platform from which opposing factions could

nch attacks on the P.U.P. A few days after the incident, the Leader of the

:.P., Philip Goldson, wrote to the Mayor of Belise City saying that his Party's

itvive felt that since the Onatemalan invasion of the Toledo District, public

dings in the capital had been such that the displaying of the Guatemalan

lonal colours in a public square of the City was causing growing resentment

mg the people. He requested therefore that the P.U.P. flag be removed from its

ad in the Market Square, and be displayed only at Party meetings.

George Price replied, reminding the N.I.P. Leader that the flag of the

I.P. had been flying in the Market Square for over nine years, and moreover,

I been there with the knowledge and consent of the Belize City Council which

3d and controlled the Square. He did not believe that there was any danger

spontaneous disturbance.

In April Price led a delegation to London to discuss financial assistance

r hurricane reconstruction and rehabilitation(l). The British Government gave a

ant of $16 million. Later in the month, on April 16, talks were held in Puerto

co between delegates from Britain, Guatemala, and British Honduras on the long-

andLng dispute between Britain and Guatemala over British Honduras. Price also

tended, along with two other delegates.

) n October 51, 1961, Hurricane Hattie severely wrecked Belize City and
other parts of the Country.

The Country was split once more in the celebration of September 10. One

tion insisted on gloryfying the events of the battle of September 10, 1798,
eAd-e2d the P.U.P., or Gorment, faction for not regarding it completely.

P.U.P. had an explanation for this. they were celebrating that year's National

(as they choose to call it) ahadowed by a conjunction of events, recalling

indecision and the struggles of the past, the awareness of the present, and

b mind turned to the future of the aspiring nation. wToday we are celebrating

memory of those glorious events of 1798 which gave us the occasion to observe

tenth of September," the Belise 7mes stated. mBut the emphasis of the

ntieth Century celebrations have a now theme, a new angle. Instead of dwelling

the victory of masters and slaves over Spaniards, the idea is to increase our

ional canoepts. We are looking forward to the future, not to the total ex-

sion of things of the past, but necessarily in keeping up with our gradual

ilutLon to mature thinking.'

On October 51, Rlverside Hall was the scene of the P.U.P. Convention, at

.h nine members were selected to contest the City Council elections to be held
Dooamber 12. 7hey weres- HoBn George Price, Undbergh Rogers, Fred Weatby,

em Mhighan, and Mrs. Gwendolyn Lisarraga; and Mr. Anthony Maighan, Miss Lois

Wlada, Mr. Orlando Itzam, and Mr. Vallan Neal. On election day the P.U.P.

Lad a complete victory when all nine candidates were elected, allowing the

ty to realise its goal of having a P.U.P. City Council working along with a

J.P. Central Government a theory first proposed by the Party leader. 8,774

)ple voted out of 12,751 registered, and out of 77,086 votes cast the P.U.P.

xiwd 44,625 (57.9%), while the N.I.P. got 52,461 (42.1%). At the first

ty Council meeting held after elections, Hon. Fred Westby was elected Mayor,

d Anthony Heighan Deputy Mayor.

%ay, George Price in the following words, made clear the plans he had
bae of the Country:- Our aim is independence and friendship with all
wrica, invading Guatemala who is our neighbour. We want trade relations
La the development of the adjoining large Peten region. We are studying
L American Common Market of which Quatemala is a part; the Economic
am Latin America (in M zico City) is about to akes a study." (Price
r that the developea t of Neten would depend on the ooaniwcation facil-
Ithte through British Honduras. If development of British Honduras and

hIeoome a reality, then British Honduras in turn could benefit immnsely

3 this large area of development so near to it).

Ltitutional change was being agitated for, and a conference in London
Iea place in July. As leader of the P.U.P., Price formally announced

O oposals for the type of constitution he hoped to negotiate for the
SJane 11 he placed these before a special comodttee appointed to hold

lag in the legislative Assembly Chambers, and the most important weres-
L the Governor shall act in accordance with the advice of the
Cabinet or a MLnister
Executive authority to be vested in the Cabinet
-Lnisters directly responsible to the House of Representatives

a Prime Minister shall be appointed by the Governor

Ministers appointed by the Governor with the advice of the
SPrime M nister
twu ex-pfficio members of Executive Council replaced by MLnisters

PL Minister removable by the Governor, bat only if a vote of
no confidence passed by the legislative Assembl

boameral legislature consisting of the elected House of Representa-
tives (18 members)
a Senate with a president, to initiate legislation, but have no
a- control over finance

a Privy Council to advise the Governor on the exercise of the Royal
Prerogative of Mercy in capital cases

all matters concerning foreign affairs to remain in the hands of
H.M. Government in the United Kingdom

Plblio Service Comdission appointed biennially by the Governor,
on the advice of the Prime MLnister

a Court of Appeals set up, and an Auditor-General for the government.

At the Legislative Assembly meeting on June 17 these proposals were

roed, and for the next few days the Party Leader visited all the district

w tkddig the proposals to the people. He left the Country on June 29

attend the talks in London, the other members of the delegation being:-

. MsrB G. LIzarraga, Hon. C.L. Rogers, Bon. F. Zuniga, Bon. U.H. Courtenay

natitutional adviser), and Hon, C. Henville (legal adviser). The conference

rted on July 10 and ended on July 22, with most of the P.U.P. proposals approved.

A victory rally was held on August 28 to celebrate the achievement of

onatitation which would form the basis for full internal self-govermaent. The

ty leader said that the strength of the delegation which went to London was the

port it received from the people, and it was also the people who would be called

a to decide and approve the next step in constitutional advance, He added that

i National Day programme and ceremonies, coming up in a few days, should also be

aided as a celebration of the new constitution.

On September 27 the P.U.P. held its annual convention at Riverside Hall,

I George Price was re-elected leader of the Party. Other officers elected weres-

Hon. A.E. Cattouse Deputy leader
Mr. A. Bevans Chairman
Mr. A. Neighan Secretary
Mr. M. Isaguirre Assustant Secretary
Hon. A. Hunter Treasuaer
Hon. C.L. Rogers) Co-Assistant Treasurers
Mr. 0. Islam )
Mr. I. Tillett Deputy Chairman.

Several resolutions were passed an such subjects as oommniusm, internal

mrity, and national symbols. The new motto proposed for the convention was

I join the P.U.P. to gi, to the nation not to take A from the nation."

sides being a celebration of the 15th birthday of the P.U.P., the convention

a also a celebration to mark the achievement of a self-government constitution -

job the P.U.P. set out to do when it was formed on September 29, 1950.

The Party leader was always partial to self-government and self-determina-

an in accordance with the United Nations Charter. With United Nations Day

preaching (October 24) he further stressed his convictions when he raised the

dted Nations flag in the Market Square on October 22. In a short address he

ad the gathering that the flag was symbolic to this Country, because the P.U.P.

.ifesto stated that the Party would continue to adhere to the principles of the

dted Nations Chartet. This was being done in an effort to attain full internal

if-goversment within the Commonwealth, and eventually go on to independence.

Town Board elections were held on December 27 in the seven district towns,

id 4,010 voters out of 4,945 who were registered voted. The P.U.P. gained victory

F dining in five towns, namelys. Corosal, San Ignacio, Stann Creek, Monkey River,

ad Nmta Gorda. They garnered 55.40 of the total votes, while the N.I.P. got

5.9A inning in the towns of Orange Walk and Benque Viejo del Carman.

On January 1, British Honduras became the newest nation of the hemisphere

a it was granted full internal self-government by Great Britain, after ninety-

B years of Crown Colony rule. George Price was sworn in as Premier by the

minor at Government House on January 6. Ministers who would subsequently form

Government Caninet, were also sworn in and allocated portfolios as follows:-

Hon. A. Cattouse Minister of Local Government, Social
Welfare and Co-operatives
Hon. J.W. Macmillan Minister of Education, Health and Housing
Hon. A. Hunter MInister of Natural Resouroes, Commerce
and Industry
Hon. C.L. Rogers Minister of Internal Affairs and Justice
Hon. D.L. McKoy Minister of Labour
Hon. H.D. Silva Minister of Public Works, Power and

The date January 6 was also significant in that it marked the 15th Anni-

sary of the anti-colonial, anti-devaluation demonstration.

Celebrations were the order of the day. January 15 was declared a holiday,

all over the Country festivities reigned. The numerous events were characteri-

by a great show of enthusiasm. A special sitting of the Legislative Assembly

held on January 15, and was addressed by Mr. Nigel Fisher, then Under-Secretary

Stale for the Colonies. In his talk he said that British Honduras was well set

the road to independence, and that the people should always cherish the fact

ht they are free from racial strife, and should always remain a "truly united

iple." Mr. Fisher had only words of praise for the Premier and his Government.

a have a good Premier who has gained the friendship and confidence of the

ted Kingdom Government," he told the people of Punta Gorda as he made a 'whirl-

id' tour of the district towns. In Stann Creek Town he told the school children

Lt the new Constitution would one day be remembered as a most important event

their history, and he further felt that they should know that no other man in

i Country had done more to achieve the present political advance than the Premier.

"This is an important week," he said in San Ignacio, "and one which was well

earned. This is due to the calibre of your leaders and their wisdom during the

past years."

In collaboration with the celebrations the P.U.P. held a meeting at the

Majestic Theatre lard on January 15, at which the Premier and other speakers

addressed the gathering. Price said that fourteen years ago when the movement of

independence started, the moving desire of the Party was to ensure the betterment

of all the people. The task was not an easy one because the vested interests in

the Country tried to keep down the people. He made a pledge, however, that

Government would do its best to bring a better life for all, and reiterated his

call for hard work in a dedicated manner so as to achieve complete nationhood.

On February 25, tbe City Council passed a resolution that the official

name of the capital city be known as Belize City. Councillor Price, speaking on

the motion, said that the resolution was intended to clarify any confusion which

may arise over the district of Belize and the capital Belize City(1).

Three Government M.nistere(2), all members of the External Affairs Com-

aittee, left the Country as a delegation on March 7 on a goodwill tour of Central

American countries. The purpose of the tour, which lasted eighteen days, was

chiefly to observe the workings of the Central American Common Market, and to

establish goodwill abroad.

I At a Party meeting held at the Courthouse Plaza on July 28, the Premier

announced that the Cabinet had decided that Government should sponsor the National

Day celebrations during 1964. This was decided on because the P.U.P. Government

had led the people to full, internal self-government, and the National Day (cele-

brated on September 10) could serve as a unifying force toward nation-building.
(1) The Legislative Assembly on May 23 passed a Bill changing the name. It also
changed El Cayo to San Ignacio, and added 'Town' after Orange Walk, Corozal
and Stann Creek.
(2) G. Price, C.L. Rogers, and A. Hunter.

them for that year's National Day as: We unite to build a nation.

Another delegation, this time destined for Mexioo, left the Country on

t 7. It comprised of G. Price, C.L. Rogers, and F.S. Ricalde, and lasted


S During the National Day celebrations, the Party's and people's aspirations

sovereignty, unity and an identity, were best reflected in the following words

d drink one of the celebration activities:-

"I see a certain light
Which beckhns me
To walk upon a wider stage.
I speak with one voice,
And still I tell you true
There are so many parts to me,
But one voice raised
In perfect harmony ...
Things men yearn for, hope for, sigh for;
Things men pray for, live for, die for;
My people now in happy integration,
My people now with fervent concentration,
My people now resolve to build a nation ...*(5)

A series of campaign meetings, conducted in all six electoral divisions

the City, was launched by the Party on October 5 in preparation for general

motions schebaled to be held in 1965.

The year was in many ways a politically historical and significant one

r the Country, the highlight being the attainment of ifll, internal self-

go tment. The Governor too felt that the people were Justified in looking

back at the past twelve months with satisfaction and gratitude for the many

blessings they had received. They had witnessed the development and establishment

of friendly relations with neighboring countries, and they had bean greatly

encouraged by the spirit of genuine goodwill which so many friends had shown them.

It was alaoet certain that these friends had appreciated the way in which the

people had reciprocated their interest.

(5) From "Epic of Belize" by R.L. Clark.

On January 21 the Premier announced that general elections under the

new Constitution would be held on March 1. The candidates chosen to contest

the election for the P.U.P. were:-

Freetown Division
Pickstock Division
Fort George Division
Albert Division
Collet Division
Mesopotamia Division
Belize Rural North
Belise Rural South
Orange Walk North
Orange Walk South
Corozal North
Corozal South
Cayo North
Cayo South
Stann Creek Town
Stann Creek Rural
Toledo North
Toledo South

G. Price
Mrs. G. Lizarraga
A. Hunter
F. Weetby
A. Cattouse
C. Rogers
F. Hunter
L. Sylvestre
E. Urbina
G. Pech
F. Ricalde
F. Marin
H. Silva
S. Perdomo
A. Arthurs
D. McKoy
S. Vernon
C. Martinez, JR.

Before the elections, the Party held a convention at the Riverside Hall

on February 11, at which all officers were re-elected to their posts. The Manifesto

vas read to the members and approved unanimously.

Election day came and 26,431 voters,

returned the P.U.P. candidates to sixteen(1)

candidates winning the remaining two seats.

captured 15,271 (57.8%), while their nearest

(39.5%). In Belize City, 17,660 voters were

out of a total of 37,860 registered,

seats in the Assembly, the N.I.P.

Of the total votes cast, the P.U.P.

rivals, the N.I.P., got 10,407

registered, of which 12,409 voted.

The following night, after the last of the election results were announced,

George Price and the other successful P.U.P. candidates were given rousing cheers

by the crowd gathered in front of the Party Headquarters in Qaeen Street. The

Leader told them that the people had given the Party a strong mandate to lead the

(1) F. Westby and S. Vernon were defeated.

country to independence viti4nthe Commonwealth, and to build a prosperous,

happy Christian democratic nation in Central America.

On March 3 the Governor invited the Premier to form a government. The

Ministers comprising his new Cabinet were sworn in on March 5, and allocated

portfolios as followss-



A. Hunter

C. Rogers

D. McKoy

H. Silva

Mrs. G. Lizarraga(2)

Minister of Finance & Economic Development

Minister of Local Government & Social

Minister of Natural Resources & Trade

Minister of Internal Affairs & Health

Minister of Labour

Minister of Public Utilities & Communications

Minister of Education & Housing.

The National Assembly, which was made up of the House of Representatives

and the senate, met on March 12 to elect the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the

lower house and the Prehident and Vice-President of the upper house. Both houses

wre thus fully constituted and this completed the introduction of the Country's

nev self-government Constitution. A Seven Year Plan, drawn up to coincide with

the date on which the Constitution came into effect, was formally implemented.

The Plan was designed to help the country achieve full independence by giving it

a viable economy.

The Party was fifteen years in existence on September 29, and at this stage

it might be useful to pause a while and go back in history to assess what progress

had been made sinoe George Price assumed full leadership -

(2) Mrs. Lizarraga was the first woman to be appointed a Cabinet Minister in
this Country.








sugar increased from an output of 6,000 tons in 1957 to
35,000 tons in 1965

rice increased from one million to seven million pounds

citrus made significant strides

many co-operative societies were formed

each village now had its own Village Council, and most villages
also had a community centre

feeder roads linked many villages with the rest of the country

high schools were established in each main town

several people had gone abroad to study

thousands of acres of land had been given to farmers

electricity supplies in Belize City had been improved, and plants
were being set up in the district towns to allow for 24 hours

more clinics were built, as well as a new hospital for Punta Gorda

over $50 million was being invested in the country by private

On November 17 a convention was held at Riverside Hall when nine candidates

were approved to contest the coming City Council elections. They were:- F. Westby,

A. Maighan, J. Meighan, 0. Lizama, MLss L. Encalada, W. Coffin, G. Dakers,

Mrs. M. Usher, and H. Eacalante. In addressing the meeting, George Price told

the people that the P.U.P. in the City Council had worked along with the Government,

and together had accomplished ninety-five per cent. of what they had promised in

their IMnifesto. The Party gained complete victory on election day, December 14,

by inning all nine seats. 10,004 people voted out of 17,716 registered, and the

Phrty received an aggregate popular vote of 46,647, while the N.I.P. got 59,732.

The P.U.P. Government had always advocated that the ideal state for the

Country should be a Christian and democratic one, and this was brought out

strongly in the Premier's Noew Year message in 1966, when he said:-

"In March of 1965 Belizeans chose Christian Democracy as

the best way to happiness and prosperity for the new and

independent Belize... We belive in Christian Democracy

as the best way of life and we are determined to prove

that it can best succeed where other systems have failed

and will fail. For our way is 'Christian' in its belief

in the supreme value of the individual; it is 'democratic'

in its concern for human rights and the rejection of all

forms of ungodliness and slavery; and it is 'revolutionary'

in the sense that it implies a transformation and a perfection

of the social and economic structure not by violence, but by

law and order."

L966 was also to be remembered as the year Ambassador Bethuel Webster,

a United States lawyer, arrived in the Country (on January 16) to mediate in

the dispute between the United Kingdom and Guatemala over British Honduras. He

held meetings with political party representatives and other interested parties

in an effort to reach an honourable and amicable solution to the long-standing

question. The Cabinet assured Mr. Webster that the people of the Country did

at vent to belong to or be a part of any other country whatsoever. They wanted

tbe world to respect their right to decide their own future.

In connection with mediation discussions, the Premier led a delegation

Tsw orik and london during June. On his return, on June 17, he made a state-

ao the people telling them that the British Government had given a solemn

assurance that there was no intention of imposing any solution to the Anglo-

(katemalan dispute that was not acceptable to British Honduras. He said it was

never suggested or proposed, either in London or in New York, that the Country

should not be a sovereign and independent nation.

While the talks were in progress in New York, a Trinidad newspaper had

reported falsely on the discussions in London, saying that "Britain wants to quit

British Honduras and in effect hand the colony over to Guatemala as soon as

possible." The Premier branded this as completely untrue, and added that he

had every trust in the United Kingdom Government and in the ability and integrity

of the Mediator.

In a bye-olection held in Stann Creek Town on July 14, the Party suffered

a small defeat. Their candidate, Mr. Carl hamos, lost to the N.I.P. candidate,

the former receiving 564 votes, while the latter got 664. Out of 1,883 registered

voters, 1,259 voted. This bye-election came about through the death of Mr. Richard

Castillo, a P.U.P. member of the Town Board, when his seat was declared vacant.

The sixteenth birthday of the Party was celebrated on September 29, and

a Belize Times editorial of that date, stated:-

"Never before in the history of our Couhtry has any one

organization meant so much to so many people. Never

before has one organization received the support, loyalty,

and affection of so many people.

"Because the P.U.P. has accepted the rule of democracy and

recognized the sacred personality of the individual, it

has received the backing of all segments of our society.

"If anybody is to be singled out for praise today on the

sixteenth anniversary of the Party formation, it is the

ordinary Belizean man and woman who has made the P.U.P.

what it is; the voters who have given their support at

the polls; and the leaders who have worked the Manifesto."

A now headquarters for the Party, called "Independence Hall," was

ially opened and dedicated on October 21. The P.U.P. leader formally

be blue and white ribbon across the front door, and along with the

ter of Internal Affairs, addressed the gathering.

Town Board elections were held in all towns on December 28, and the

ts weres-

Corozal Town

Orange Walk Town

San Ignacio

Stann Creek Town

Punta Gorda

Benque Viejo del Carmen

Monkey River Town

- all seven

- 2 P.U.P.,

- 4 P.U.P.,

- 1 P.U.P.,

all seven

6 P.U.P.,

- all seven

P.U.P. candidates elected

5 N.I.P. elected

3 N.I.P. elected

6 N.I.P. elected

P.U.P. candidates elected

1 N.I.P. elected

N.I.P. candidates elected.

if 7,025 registered voters, 5,587 persons cast 56,259 votes 18,685 of

I going to the P.U.P.

One outstanding feature of this year occurred during May, when the

Premier issued a commission to inquire into allegations made by opposing factions(1)

that I have been making secret weekly visits to the Gallon Jug area near the

Guatemalan border since the month of June 1966, and that in the month of November

1966, I made eighteen trips to the area, crossing the Tower Hill Ferry at the

dead of night. Inquiry is also to be made into my movements on the 20th April

and 3rd May of this year." He appointed Sir Colin McGregor, a retired Chief

Justice of Jamaica, to be the Commissioner, and he arrived in the Country on

May 29. The inquiry opened the following day, and the Commissioner's findings

uere read publicly on June 2, completely exonerating the Premier of the allegations

made against him.

Talk of an early independence for the Country grew stronger during this

year, and although some people had adverse, and even pessimistic views, the

Premier's Government seemed optimistic. One journalist, Jean M. Fox, who visited

the Country went back to Michigan and began telling the story of British Honduras

and independence in a series of articles. One article stated:-

"Leaders in Belize are charged with good sense... As a

colony costing Great Britain approximately $5 million

annually, they could have independence tomorrow morning

if they wanted it... But in the words of a very wise

man, the Premier of the newly emerging country: 'We prepare

for independence slowly. When it comes, we want to be able

to stand on our own feet economically, financially and

emotionally. Belize can be independent whenever it wishes.

We are fully aware, however, that political independence

without economic stability and without a universal feeling

(1) Headline article published by the Belize Billboard, May 10, 1967.

of national consciousneass, is empty and undesirable..

"Wo go forth with hope and courage. Wo go forth united under the ensign

uhich is raised over the people. An ensign we dil need to keep us going onward

in tho faco of fear and obstentiono" Uith these forceful wlda the Proador,
in hias ov Year' message, opened 1968.

The will of tho Party to forge on to achieve full sovereignty for the

ooantry uao evidenced a feu weeks later, when on March 14 at a meeting hold in
Independence lall, a roaolution calling for the drafting of an Independence

ConotLtution vas passedd by the Central Party Council of the P.U.P. !ih resolution,

uiA.h was pronented by the Party Leader, centred around two main points (1) it
expressed the hope that mediation would produce a satisfactory solution of the
Anglo-Autnmalan dispute (2) it emphasized that whatever the outcome of mediation
the P.U.P. would be guided by the mandate it had received from the people to lead

the country to independence within the Cowonuealth. Tho drafting of such a
constitution, it was hoped, would lead to broad, bi-partisan aproemont on at least

the main features of the draft to be taken to London for a final conference at

uhich indopendenoo and arrangement for future assistance from Britain would be

dotoninodd. P.U.P. supporters endorsed this decision at a public meeting hold at
the Courthouso Plaza on March 21, and further asked that the National Acoombly

proceed with the drafting.

A outingg of tho llous of Representatives vaas hold on March 29, and in

reply to a question as to a time-table for tho attaiment of indepcndonoo, the

Premier, in answering otatods "However much our good Beliaean people ardently
desire independence at an early date, it does not seem possible, according to

the present time-table, that independence will be this year; neither is it
possible at this time to fix the date for an indepenlonce conference."

On April 5 both the House and the Senate passed motions setting up a
joint caunittee to study terns of an independce constitution.

Me pr6posale of bMdiator Bethuel Webster on .the Anglo-Cuatealan diaputo

were to be handed ovor in london, and on April 24 the P.U.P. seootion of a dele-
gation (Preer CoGeorge Prioe, Hons. A.A* Hunter, C.LD. Rogers, S. Ricalde,
S. Pardoni and V.H. Courtenay) left Deolie.

On May 8 the Preuder made a radio broadcast to the country, announcing
that follouinC oountry-ide consultations with the people his Governmont had
antLtied the United Kingdom of its decision to rjcJt tho draft Tr:'nty proocnted

by those bdiator.

In a byo-clection held in Stann Creek Town on June 1, the P.U.P. candidate

Carloe INolberto (949 votes) defeated the N.I.P. candidate Inke Palaoio (703 votos).
Of the 2,61. registcrod voters, 1,755 persons voted. The P.U.P. Vieeud this
victory as "an important indication of the people'sa continued confidence in tho

On September 29 the Party uas eighteen years old. The Praeor published

a saaage in the Delie Times of that date in vi.oh he said that *all objective

sobervers will have to admit that the P.U.P. has brought preat benefits and
progress to Deliae. We must keep up our support for this great movement to
lIad Slie9 to independence and prosperity."

A convention
following candidates

at Independence Hall on March 18 selected the
to contest City Council elections:
Brian Chavannes
William Coffin
George Dakers
Mrs Iris Gallap
Adolfo Lizarraga
Anthony Meighan
James Rogers
Peter Thomas
James Mleighan

All nine were successful in the elections held on April
Faustino Zuniga, a former member of the House of
Representatives for Punta Gorda died on 1st April.
From October 2 7, Lord Shepherd, the Minister of State
in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, visited Belize, and the
Premier viewed the visit as significant because it was usual for
the Minister to visit territories that were going into
Independence. In a petition to Lord Shepherd, it was stressed that
in 1965 the people of Belize gave overwhelming support at the
polls to the P.U.P. and its Manifesto for Belizean Progress;
deciding then that Belize should become a nation free, sovereign
and independent. The petition also brought out the important need
for an efficient, well armed and well trained Volunteer Guard, which
vwidth military aid from the United Kingdom would defend Belize
from outside aggression.
As a preface to Lord Shepherd's visit, in proposing
a motion in support of the petition, the Premier stated in the House:
"The Government of the P.U.P. was a responsible government. It
originated from the people, represented the people and had a sacred
responsibility to serve the people. In discharge of this
responsibility it sought to fulfil its promises made at election

time and was, in consequence, determined not only to achieve
independence but was also committed to secure proper guarantees of
the territorial integrity of the new Central American nation of
Belize in the heart of the Caribbean Basin".
At a convention held on October 26 in Corozal Town seven
candidates to contest that Town's upcoming Town Board elections
were selected. They were: Hon. F.S. Ricalde, Enrique Romero,
Ramon Chi, Rodney Moguel, Antonio Sosa. Alfonso Alcala, and
Mateo Ayuso.
General Elections were held on December 5, with the P.U.P.
winning 17 of the 18 contested seats. The N.I.P.-1.D.?.. won the other
seat. (Detailed figures are listed at appendix ).
The following were appointed Senators by the Governor:
Joseph Gray, James Leighan, Elsa Vasquez, Thomas Salam, Allan
Castillo, s.A. Hassock, Ulric Fuller, and Adolfo Schofield-Perez.
The President of the Senate was E.W. Francis.
Municipal elections were held on December 29 in seven
towns, resulting in the P.U.P. winning an overall thirty five
seats to the H.I.P.'s fourteen. (Detailed results are shown at
appendix ).

Introducing the decade-of the 1970's the Premier
in his New Year's message spoke of the problem and the
challenges of the "surging seventies". For Belize, the
challenge was to guarantee the security of an eventual
independent country.

On September 20 the Premier led a delegation comprising
the Hons. A.A. Hunter and V.H. Courtenay on a tour of Canada
and Washington. On returning in early October the Premier
announced that the Canadian International Development Agency
(C.I.D.A.) will take another step towards achieving modern
sowerage and a more adequate water system for Belize City.

F.U.P. celebrated 20 years of existence on September
29. Ag. Premier, C.L.B. Rogers in his address stated: "Without
the support and dedicated effort and prayers of the Belizoan
people, the success of the P.U.P. could not have been achieved.
le are grateful for that support as we girth ourselves?
to face the challenges of our peaceful, constructive Belizoan

'Members of the House of Representatives and the Senate
held the first meeting in the National Assembly building in
Belmopan on Friday Cctober 9.

P.U.P, 1971

Former Deputy Mayor rilliam Coffin was elected Mayor
at a City Council meeting held on January 5.

Hon. Fred Hunter, Minister of Agriculture, Lands and Coo-
peratives on March 14 declared open the Bolizean Green Revolution
1971, which was described as a campaign by the Agriculture
Department to grow more food.
A Co-monwealth Caribbean Regional Secretariat release
dated March 10 stated that Belize was to become the twelfth
member of the Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA).
I The P.U.P. won all nine seats in the City Council
elections held on December 8, returning the following candidates
to office: James Rogers, 1-etor Thomas, Brian Chavannes, Iris
Gullap, William Coffin, Doyle Prince, George Dakers, Adolfo
Lizarraga, Miichael Usher, Coffin was re-elected Mayor at a
meeting held on December 15.

results of 1971 Belize City
(in order of highest number

G. Dakers
.J. Coffin
A. Lizarraga
D. Prince
J. Rogers
3. Chavannes
P. Thomas
.. Usher
I. Gullap

A. IMeighan
.. Brooks

- 4499
- 4425
- 4396
- 4292
- 4291
- 4236
- 4151
- 4150
- 4134

- 801
- 432

Council Elections
of votes received)

N.I.i. U3AD
E. Hyde -
R. Derry -
:. Burgess -
B. Belisle -
I. Shabazz -
E. Bennett -
C. Leslie -
J. Gardiner -
F. Abrahan -


i.U.P. 1972-

In January the P.U.P. selected three candidates to contest
a bye election to fill vacant seats a rsu of the resignations
of three :.I.P. Torn Board members. The candidates were:
Santiago Rosado, Joe Loskott, and Fortunato Cervantes. Since no
other candidates were nominated, the Returning Officer declared
them duly elected on January 18.
.In Town Board elections held on December 8, the i-.U.F.
won six of the seven toun boards, while the N.I.F. won one.
This victory was viewed in the light "that the great majority of
the Belizean people are supporting the People's United Party and
its programme to lead Belize to independence and prosperity".

.U.P. 1973

Cn March 16 the National Assembly approved the third
reading of a bill to change the name of the country from
British Honduras to Belize. The new name was scheduled to come
into effect on June 1, 1973. At the first reading of tho bill
the Premier told the House of Representatives that the bill
was in fulfillment of the manifesto promise made at three
successful general elections. The change of name was seen as
a conferring of dignity on the people not as subjected citizens,
but as a people in their own right with their own name and their
own identity Belizean.

Cn November 12, Hon F.S. Ricalde resigned from the
P.U.P. He was representative for the Corozal North Division.

P.U.P. 1974

Cn October 15, the following candidates were nominated
by the P.U.P. to contest the upcoming general elections:
/Vilio Marin Corozal North
*Florencio Marin South
*Elijio Bricehfo Orange Walk North
*Guadalupe Pech South
*Fred Hunter Belize Rural Nlorth
*Louis 3ylvestre South
*George Price Freetown
*Adolfo Lizarraga Pickstock
Said M'usa Fort George
Joseph Gray Albert
*C.L.B. Rogers I.lesopotamia
*W.H. Courtenay Collet
Assad Shoman Cayo North
*Santiago Perdomo South
*David McKoy Stann Creek Rural
Allan Arthurs Toin
Thomas Salam Toledo North
Alejandro Vernon South
On election day October 30, twelve I .U.P. candidates
were elected (*), and a few days later the Premier named his
cabinet as follows:
George Price Premier and Minister
V.H. Courtenay Minister without -ort

Fred hunterr
Florencio Marin
David McKoy

Guadalupe Pech
Santiago Perdomo

Assad Shoman

Louis Sylvestre

of Finance
folio and

Ambassador to CARICCGI
Minister of Works
Minister of Agriculture & Lands
Minister of Social Services,
Labour S. Local Government
Minister of Education 2 Housing
Minister of Trade, Industry
and Consumer Protection
Attorney General and '.nister of
Economic Planning
YMinister of Power and

The P.U.P. nominated the following nine candidates to
contest the Belize City Council elections: Willian Coffin,
George Dakers, Jose Encalada, Joe Erales, Alvan Fuller, Iris
Gullap, Louis IHrnphreys, Billy .Musa and Doyle Prince. On
election day, December 11, the following three were elected: Jose
Encalada, George Dakers and Alvan Fuller. The U.D.P. won the
other six seats.

At a public meeting held on May 21 at the Courthouse Plaza,
Premier Price reported on his attendance at a recent Cormnonwealth
leads of Government meeting in Kingston, Jamaica. He stressed that
for the first time in the P.U.P.'s twenty-five year struggle for
independence the Belize question had received so much support
and publicity abroad.

The first woman elected to serve in the House of
Representatives, Mrs Gwendolyn Lizarraga, died on June 9 at the
age of seventy four. She served for three terms in the House,
being first elected in 1961 and serving as IMinister of Education
from 1965 1969.

From September 21 the P.U.P. entered into a week long
series of activities to celebrate its Silver Anniversary, popularly
referred to as "25 years of struggle and achievement".

In October a mission was set up in New York comprising
Assad Shoman, C.L.B. Rogers and Said .usa, along with a member of
the opposition Theodocio Cchoa. The purpose of the mission was
described as follows: "The Belize Government in its continued efforts
to bring about a settlement of the unfounded and unjust claim of
Guatemala to this country has established a U.N. Mission in Hew
York headed by Minister of State Assad Shoman whose job it is to
gain support for Belize by internationalizing the issue".

On November 4 Premier Price left to join the Mission in
Niew York, and on November 7, he addressed the 4th Committee of the
United Nations. In general he called on the U.N. to support the
right of Belize to self-determine its own future. At the end of it
all the countries of the world voted overwhelmingly in favour of

Belize's right to self-determination, independence and
territorial integrity.

Towi Board elections were held on December 22 and the
P.U.P. was victorious in four of the main municipalities,
winning over 51% of the votes cast. to the U.D.P. 39% (detailed
results at appendix ).

In a letter dated December 30, the Hion. V.H. Courtenay
tendered his resignation as a Minister of government. He
explained that his reason for resigning was that he was personally
involved as a solicitor for the Ajax Petroleum Company and
Ariel Petroleum Company both of which had an outstanding legal
dispute with the Belize government. He pledged his continued
faith in the P.U.P.

* U.P. 1976

The Hon. Vicente Choco, representative for the Toledo
North Division submitted a letter of resignation as a member of
the U.D.P. on February 20. Mr Choco said that "he could no
longer support the policies of the U.D.P. since he was treated
with contemptby the leadership of that Party and not as a
representativeof his people". At a sitting of the House of
lepresentativeson March 5 he crossed the floor and joined the
P.U.P. side of the House.

The P.U.P. held its National Convention in Delmopan
on November 28, and the following officers were elected.

Party Leader
Deputy Party Leader -
1st Dep. Chairman -
2nd Dep. Chairman -
3rd Dep. Chairman -
Campaign Manager -
National Youth Organizer

George Price
Carl L. Rogers
Louis Sylvestre
David .McKoy
Santiago Perdomo
Florencio Harin
;iilliam Coffin
Jose Erales
Dr. Leroy Taeger

F.U.P. 1977

In January Mark Cuellar was appointed Secretary General
of the P.U.P. and Assistant Editor of the Delize Times.

The nine F.U.P. candidates nominated to contest the
City Council elections were: Said Miusa, George Dakers, Jose
Encalada, Alvan Fuller, Leroy Taeger, Signa Yorke, Edwin
Flowers, Lois Young and Evan Hyde. On election day
December 7, 9448 voters out of 13,948 returned a1' "'"
candidates of the U.D.P.

r.U.P. 1978

"The policy of the People's United Party remains the
same after as before the Belizean government and opposition
party met in New York City with Doctor David Owen, the Secretary
of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs on June 2 this
year". The circumstances and the substance of these discussions
was seen by the P.U.P. as the basis for the independence of
Belize. Any delay in reaching independence after an acceptable
settlement of the Anglo-Guatemalan dispute was viewed as being
contrary to the decolonization policy of the U.I' and the policy
of the U.K., "to bring Belize to early and secure independence
as soon as possible".

In Tow Board elections held on December 20, of 10,136
registered voters 9,026 voted giving the U.D.F. an overall
majority of seats. (Details at appendix ).

P.U.P. 1979

Assad Shoman resigned from the Cabinet as from January 2,
and effective January 9 his post as Attorney General was assigned
to Edwin Flowers. The post of Minister of Trade and Industry
left vacant by the resignation of Santiago Perdomo was assigned
to Guadalupe Pech effective January 15. Eligio Driceno was
appointed linis ter of Education also effective January 15.
The Central Party Council of the P.U.P. passed two
resolutions on January 17: (1) "that the guiding principles of
the P.U.P. continue to be those of democracy with a mixed economy
and that any other principles or systems, be it communism, fascism
or any kind of dictatorship, have no place in its philosophy or
its activities"; (2) "requests the Government of Belize, using
the authority of modern legal thinking, to persuade the Government
of the United Kingdom to spare no effort to obtain a just
settlement of the Guatemalan claim to Belize in accordance with
the United Nations resolution passed on the 13 day of December 1978".

The National Convention held
the two resolutions, and elected the
Party Council;
George Price
C.L.B. Rogers
Louis Sylvestre -
D.L. .cKoy
Santiago Perdomo -
Florencio Marn -
Williamn Coffin -
Leroy Taog er-
Jose Erales -

on February 11, also passed
following to the Central

Party Leader
Deputy Party Leader
Party Chairman
1st Deputy Chairman
2nd "
3rd "
Youth Organizer
Campaign Manager

In general elections held on November 21, the P.U.P.
candidates won thirteen of the eighteen contested seats.
The U.D.P. won the other five. Successful P.U.P. candidates

George Price
J. Usher
S. Musa
V. Courtenay
F. Hunter
L. Sylvestre
A. Choman
S. .aight
V. Castillo
F. Marin
E. BriceFio
G. Pech
D. McKoy

(See appendix

Fort George
Belize Rural Uorth
Belize Rural South
Cayo Vorth
Cayo South
Corozal North
Corozal South
O.W. North
O.'.'1. South
Stann Creek Rural

for details).

P.U.P. 1980

Georae Dakers. the President of the Senate, died on
March 26 at the age of 58.
Senator Norma Fuller resigned as a member of the Senate
on May 14, and was replaced by her husband Alvan Fuller.

At a sitting of the Senate on May 23 William Coffin
was elected President of the Senate.
In City Council elections held on December 17 the
P.U.P. won a landslide victory over the U.D.P. by gaining all
nine seats. The candidates were:

Dorian Barrow
Alvan Fuller
Gloria McField
Rafael Chavez
Harry Lui.
Daniel Leighan
Simeon Sampson
Earl Ferguson
Remnjio Montejo

6620 votes
6585 "
6528 "
6505 "
6479 "
6447 "
6445 "
6440 "
6385 "

The Council's inaugural meeting was held on
December 23. Elected as Mayor was Remijio Montejo, and
Deputy Iayor Dorian Barrow.
A fire on December 22 completely destroyed the building
which housed the P.U.P. headquarters and the Belize Times Press,

Cn January 30 history was made in the House of
Representatives when Fremier George Price laid on the table a
white e Paper containing Government's proposals for the new
constitution of Belize on the attainment of independence.
The P.U.P. saw this move as "the beginning of the
crowning glory for him and his 30-year old People's United Party
which began its struggle to achieve independence on September
29, 1950."

A special convention was convened on February 15 to
study in detail the Government's White Paper. Representatives
from countrywide attended the convention at the Agriculture Show
grounds in Belmopan.

NIegotiations on the Heads of Agreement began in New
York on May 20, and Belize was represented by C.L.B. Rogers;
V.H. Courtenay and Assad Shoman.

Mrs Idolly Simpson, a former Senator, appointed in 1974,
died on May 27 at the age of 68.

A former Minister of government for two terms, Albert
Cattouse, died on July 6 at the age of 88.

Independence came to Belize at midnight on September 20 as
the British flag was lowered and the Belizean flag hoisted in its
place. Thus fulfilled a promise made 31 years before, on February
1, at the 'Eattlefield' by George Price regarding the flag of the
Baymen: "And perhaps some day if it is your wish, we shall move it
from here (the Battlefield and put it over there" (the Courthouse
The Belize City Council, at its meeting on Dece.ber
14, elected Earl Ferguson as Mayor for 1991 92, and Simeon
Sampson as Deputy Mayor.
In Totwn Board elections held on December 16 the P.U.P.
held control of three of the six main towns: Orange W7alk, Corozal
and Punta Gorda.





The inaugural meeting of the National Party was held on August 21, 1951.

at the premises of Metzgen and Matthews in North Front Street. Capt. Metzgen

pned the meeting by saying that this was the culmination of several smaller

metings held during the past few months. among certain people who had seen the

for proper political organization.. The meeting was chaired by the Hon.

rt Fuller, and the proposed constitution read by Mr. E.O.B. Barrow. The

ring agreed to the proposal to form a new Party, which was to be called

N national -Party.

The early objects of the Party were summed up as followss-

to secure and extend the liberties, to protect the interests

and to develop the national life and prosperity of the people

of British Honwreas by all constitutional means.

to work for and promote political, economic, social and

cultural progress of the Country.

to develop the political life of British Honduras by guiding,

informing and expressing public opinion through public

meetingss and Party literature.

to nominate and support Party members for elections.

to secure the development of a planned policy for the social and
economic future of British Honduras.

Ihe officers elected to serve weres-

President !
Vice-President Hi
Secretary M
Aset. Secretary H
Treasurer H
Committee members M

on. W.H. Courtenay
on. Herbert fuller
r. E.O.B. Barrow
r. Z.A. Leing
r. M.S. Metsgen
r. C.M. Stained, Mr. M.B. Wilson, Mr. N.
* Tennyson and Mr. F.D. Westby.

Other citizens who Lttended the first meeting ueres- R. Renaus, H.'4. Beaumont,

II. Lainficata, Philip Hall, Reginald Pratt and Ldward Pitta.

The Party was viewed as "the answer to the challenge of the times."

During the follouLng months meetings were held on the laun of lesors. Matzgen and

Hatthvw on North Front Street, and membership grew slowly but steadily.

On October 168 ono 150 members and friends attended a rally hi4ch was held

on the lama of I-tzgcn and Matthovw. The President, W.ell. Courtenny, uho had

recently returned froc a tour of the United Kingdom and Europe, addressed the

gathering, lae congratulated the Party on the strides it had made since its for-

Mation, and appealed to members to giv it every co-operation for the general good

of the country.

beginningg on October 50, the Pirty held a eoxies of talk on, tho port of

the Conatitutional Reform Commission.

Early in January, Party members unanimously approved the Policy and

Program of the Party as outlined by'the Eeocutive Committee, which was presented

at a general meeting. The basic points can be summarized as follows-.

a) Constitutional self-eovernment within the British Commonwealth

b) kconoin self-sufficiency in basic food production; development
of local industries expansion of exports; and financial indepen-

a) ocini improvement aad extension of medical and health services;
increase of educational facilities; better hoasing; and social
d) b=o improvement of living standards of workers and employers;
unemplolment inauranoe.

Lator in-the month the Party announced its decision to contest the forth.

Made Belize City Council elections, and presented the following seven oandi-

as- .O.B. Darrow, Egbert bradcktt, Herbert Phller, Lionel Francis, M.B.L.

OHenry .iddletoa, and Mrs. Floss Camasolao The Party's platform embodied

Items of its manifesto, promisings-

-- to do practical Work and eliminate "playinC of politics" at
taxpayers expenses
^^ -- construction and repairing of streets

-- nuv areas for building 3f h.-u:;b, nnd fasterin '"build ing

-- bttur water diatribution

-- to encourage and promote every advwicement for the City.

Campaignigie began in earnest on Fcbrur'ry 2c At the Tmaporial Hall, uhcn

.1H, Courtcnay presided at a meeting n nd presented the candidates to the

Uoi 'l-ction duy, 'Tarch 10, the ?!'tional Party won four of the nine

Council euts. lierbert Fuller, 2rs. Floss Coasola 2,0.P. 3nrrow,
Lianal, Francis wc-r successful cnndidateas. The 'arty leader had this t sauy

re results of the elections& "The working of the democratic process has

Lted in a victory for the National Party. The popple of Belize, by their

and unfettered will, have elected to office as members of the Belize City

1l a majority of candidates of the nationall Pn.rty. That ts democracy," lHe

d his statement by declaring "Let us all together -- NP's, PUP's and Inde-

ants join hands together end shoulder to shoulder work hard for our

*city -nd our people's advancement. That iu the only pledge, the only pro-

,,which the Nationnl Party makes and by Cod's grace utll keep,"

Herbert Puller, the Deputy Leader of the Party, was appointed by the

raor on April 4 to be President of the City Council. This cnme about after

attempts to elect a President failed. Lionel Francis was elected Vice-

the Party held its first annual Meeting on July 22 in St. -ory's Hall,

ed over by .1,'. Courtenay. Membership at that tirie nun.bred 45. Thec

ar elected at thc meeting ueret-

President .oI, Courtenny
Vico-President 1I,.F ullor
Secretary 4 Ko0,o, Pnrrow
Last. Secretary l ,.' 1etafen

MI!mwbcrs of Committeei- Mrs. Violet Locun, o.2.. Vernon, Coor-o S.

, Crispin Jeffries, Irvin Fobinson, 1rs. Vivian Seay, and '!ornan Liinfiesta.

At the Annual General Meeting held on arch 3, the following officers

Were elected3-

U.H, Courteny
II.C, IllUer )
1I,W, Beaumont)
-Mrs. V. Seay )
L.A. Francis
E.E. Eusey
E.O.B. Barrow
S. Vernon
M.So Metzgen



Aast. Secretary

On April 23 a meeting discussed in detail the water problem in Belize

City, taking a serious view of the situation. The Party'c Executive was charged

with the task "to go into the matter thoroughly, immediately, with a view to

taking ouch recommendations to the authorities as may help to find a solution

to the problem."

For the remainder of the year the Party continued to hold reLular indoor


The first open-eLr meeting of the general election campaign was held at the

sonrs of Cemetery Road and Amara Avenue on January 28, when Branston Clark pro-

sidod, and the principal speaker was lir. C.M. Staine. 'The candidates selected to

contest the election vereo-

H.C. Pfaller
L.A. Francis
M.B.L. Wilson
S.A. IWokinatry
W.A. Coorge
C.J. encguche
C, We stby

Belise South
Belise West
Belize Rural
Orange Walk
Stann Creek

Election day was April 28, and the Party was only able to win one seat,

'ids in the Toledo Distriot. The P,U.P. won the other eight seats.

Thin year was a rather quiet one politically, and the Party mostly watched

the course of political development under the ruling Party since the 1954 elections.

L "The first shots in the 1956 Belize City Council election campaign were

Ld by the National Party in the Yarborough area last night. The opening
Ittacks against the hnemy' were made by Mr. Ethelbort (Kid) Broaster and

.r Wilfred leslie, and the main attack came from Mr. Herbert Co Ifuller, National
Kat Loeader." Thus did the Daily Clarion of February 21 report the launching

ht the campaign, using as the main issue the unemployment situation. The

dates chosen to contest the election were Herbert Fuller, Lionel Francis,

B~ed Uilson, Robert 11. Reneau, Mrs. Floss E. Casasola, George Quinto, Samaol

Ifeasey, and ioy Beliale.

On election day, lIarch 19, Herbert Fuller and Mrs. Floss Canasola were the

Rly two successful candidates for the Party. The P.U.P. won six seats, and the
"aininc one was won by an independent candidate.

On October 15 the Party released a statement for public information

rdin an article which appeared in the Belize Billboard of October 12, under

ee aptions "Puller not naked to join H.I.P." 'his was in connection with a

Eaur which was circulating suggesting that there might be a merger between either

h National Party and the P.U.P., or the H.I.P, and the National Party. 'Uhe

release stated that apart from this being an unfounded rumour, it was also designed
to mislead the electorate. Firthormore, the National Party had remained firm to

tta policy since its inception, and there had never been any division among members

.wgarding it. The Party was not prepared to waver in any direction from its policy

d programme, since it was fully convinced that it had the best aims for the


During October too, a political observer writing in the Daily Clarion of

eober 25, saw the political situation in British Honduras at that time as under-

I the need "for a political party truly representative of the interest of the

olany." The writer felt that neither the P.U.P. nor the national Party had served ue.

inturcuts of the people, and comnmnting on the latter Party, continued:- "The

national Party is by its vory nature, negative. The Pirty can be said to have

boon formed to oppose the P.U.Pe. Its opposition has neither been constructive

nor effective. Patriotism is an admiranble quality in political life, but it must

not be confused with flag waving, band beating, and empty, servile protestations of

loyalty. A party can oppose the Government in its policies which may be considered

to be not in the beat interest of the country, without being unpatriotic or dis-

loyal. An effective National Party should have boon able to give leadership to

the people; instead the P.U.P. was allowed to dominate the situation much to our

detriment and the resulting situation we:,are now in... The 11ational Party has

failed to reflect the hopes and aspirations of the people and has consistently

failed to show the dynamism necessary for the political progress of the country

at this sta&e of ito development."

The Annual General lioeting was held at Liberty Hall on November 15, when

it was reported by the President (Herbert Filler) that there had been a conaidcrablo

increase in membership. At election time the following were elected to offices-

HC. Fuller President
L.A. Francis lat Vice-President
EA. Goff 2nd Vico-President
C.L. Jeffries 5rd Vice-President
IJ.A. lUddlet6a Chairman
Ls Burns Secretary
Mrs. C. Dunn Asst. Secretary
N. Tennyson Treasurer.
Committee members wc.res E. Eusey, 11.4. Beaumont, Mrs. M. Hrackdtt, MXrs. V. Soay,
and Mrs. F. Casasola.

Tho year opened on a note of vigoroua campaigning by the Party for 2nocral

elections to be held in Iarch. The Leader of the Party was most forceful uhen

he declared at a meeting hold at Liberty Hall on Jamnury 17s- "The people of

British i onduran have scan the administration they wanted and it has not come

up to their expectation. We are the ones with our experience to show them how to

do it, and we are going to do it. 'Suoop them out' is our slogan for this campaign."

'.ouarda the end of Fobruary the candidates woro announced -

H.C. Flleor Bolize South
L.A. Francia Delize IWest
L.T. Dua Belize fural
HU.!. M s Cayo Division
B.L. Aviloz Toledo i.viaion
Wl.A George Orange Walk I~vision.

,a election day, March 20, the National Party gained 4,338 votao, while

the P.U.P, got 6,087 to give the latter Party a clean swoop of the poll.

Speaulationas about a possible N.P. II.I.P. merger were widesprcud during

'ay, and one month lator had started to look like a reality wean the tjo partion

entered into serious diaouasiona at Joint meetings.

l.'o have before us a decision to make uhich is oven more important than

the decision ue made seven 7oars ago when tho national Party uwa formed. A

proposal has boon placed before us that the nationall Virty and the Honduran
Indo-nennce liarty should both dissolve thoemaelvos to uake way for a new political

party." Those word uere said by the Party Leodor in his opening remarks at
Liborty 11 on. June 26 ihen the Party held its apodial General Me1etin to decide

aon the resolution to dissolve the Party. The resolution uaas moved by lr. ,..n.
Clark, end ninety-ooven voted in favour and one aCainst. Thus the life of the

national Party was terminated, and a now party(I) was formed out of thle national

Party and the Hoadan Independence Party a few days later.

(1) Thu Ilational Independence Party, A-v

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