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The tropic times

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Title:
The tropic times
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United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
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Quarry Heights Republic of Panama
Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama
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United States Southern Command
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regular
Language:
English
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v. : ill. ; 43 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Military bases, American -- Newspapers -- Panama -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- Newspapers -- United States -- Panama ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
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newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Canal Zone

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 5, 1988)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Repeated number, vol. 2, no. 45, for Dec. 11 and Dec. 15, 1989.
Issuing Body:
"Published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of the Director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command."
General Note:
"This authorized unofficial command information publication is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas."
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 10, no. 41 (Oct. 24, 1997).

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105
Resource Identifier:
21092434 ( OCLC )
2007240275 ( LCCN )

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Gift of the Panama Canal Museum


s7S//'IAs


Sthe Tropic Times


Vol. II, No. 30 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Aug. 28, 1989


Bush sending$65m ackage'to Colombia
KENNEBUNKPORT, Maine Marlin Fitzwater announced Friday. to $2.5 million in security aid aimed Fitzwater said the money would be
(AP) -- President Bush authorized a Violence by drug gangs "threatens at helping the Colombians protect drawn from a special fund available
$65-million "emergency anti-drug the very fabric" of life in Colombia, their judges, who have been the to the White House for emergency
package" consisting largely of Fitzwater said, justifying the principal target for assassination by situations. Some $75 million is set
helicopters and other transportation immediate aid, which includes the drug cartels, according to aside each year for such situations,
equipment to help Colombia fight its military supplies, administration sources who spoke on about $10 million of which has been
war against drug lords, spokesman The assistance will be in addition condition of anonymity. spent thus far this fiscal year, said


WISH FOR WORLD PEACE - People release doves from Tokyo's Yasukuni Shrine with a wish for peace
throughout the world, marking the 44th anniversary of the end of World War II earlier this month. (APLaserphoto)


another administration official.
"The purpose is to get it there fast,"
Fitzwater said.
Among the items being earmarked
to the Colombian aid package are
small arms, ammunition, spotter
planes and communications
equipment, he said.
Meanwhile, the State Department
was sending two Bell helicopters to
the South American nation Friday to
help police, spokesman Richard
Boucher told reporters in
Washington.
"This is an intensive and
courageous effort on the part of the
Colombians, and one in which we are
happy to be supportive. We will be
happy to stand with the Colombian
government and people as they deal
with this problem," said Boucher.
"The thing they really need is
transport equipment" to conduct
raids and ferret out the producers of
illicit drugs that are shipped to the
United States illegally, said one
source.
Bush, asked on the golf course
Friday whether he would send
helicopters or other equipment to
Colombia, said: "We're working on
the problem. There's a lot going on
on that front ... We're working to
Accommodate President (Virgilio)
Barco ... We're working now with his
people in Washington."
No military personnel were
included in the recommendations.


UN announces Contras to disband Sept. 6


UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The
disbanding and resettlement of the
U.S.-supported Contra rebels who
fought Nicaragua's leftist
government for eight years will begin
Sept. 6, officials announced Friday.
The secretary-general of the
Organization of American States,
Joao Clemente Baena Soares of
Brazil, and U.N. Secretary-General
Perez de Cuellar agreed-at a meeting
Friday to begin the work of the
International Support and
Verification Commission on that
date, a U.N. statement said.
Perez de Cuellar also met with
Miguel d'Escoto, the Nicaraguan
foreign minister, about repatriating
the 12,000 Contras now camped in
Honduras with their families.
The Tela Declaration signed Aug.
7 by the presidents of Nicaragua, El
Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and
Guatemala called for the Contras to
be disbanded and repatriated or
resettled in other countries over a
three-month period ending in
September.
El Salvador now wants its Central
American neighbors to focus their
attention on disbanding leftist rebels
fighting its government.
The joint U.N.-OAS statement
alluded to that goal by saying the
Commission to be established Sept. 6
also would seek to disband and
resettle "all those involved in armed


Target date set for repatriating


actions in the countries of the region
when they voluntarily seek it."
U.N. officials have opened an office
in Managua to observe voter
registration in Nicaragua. It will be


by United Press International
Drug raid
ROSLYN HEIGHTS, N.Y. -
Federal agents raided a Long Island
home Saturday and arrested a
Colombian couple, seizing $4 million
in cash and smashing a ring they
estimated laundered $350 million in
cocaine proceeds for the powerful
Medellin cartel. Authorities
speculated that over the past seven
years the couple has laundered about
$50 million annually in cocaine
proceeds for the powerful Medellin
cartel.
Troop seizure
BOGOTA, Colombia - Army
troops and tanks occupied the
luxurious estates of suspected drug
lords Saturday as President Virgilio
Barco put the nation on a war footing
in hopes of crushing a wave of terror
unleashed by the criminals. Officials


the first time the world body has
monitored a national election in an
independent country.
About 10 civilian U.N. poll
watchers arrived Thursday in


also reported the arrest of the son of
one of the leaders of the Medellin
cartel, which is said to be responsible
for 80 percent of the cocaine
smuggled to the United States.

Baltic disaster?
MOSCOW - The Communist
Party Central Committee warned
Saturday of "impending disaster" in
the rebellious Baltic republics, saying
in an urgent national television
broadcast that "things have gone too
far." The unusual 20-minute
declaration came three days after
more than 1 million people in
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
formed a human chain across the
three Baltic republics in a massive
protest against Soviet rule.

Clear message
JOHANNESBURG, South
Africa - Vowing never to negotiate


Managua and have conferred with
Nicaragua's Supreme Electoral
Council, U.N. spokesman Francois
Giuliani said.
Nicaragua pledged under the
Central American peace agreement
of 1987 to hold free and fair national
elections.


with those who "hold a gun to our
heads," the minority white
government Saturday defended its
crackdown on a civil-disobedience
campaign and three weeks of pre-
election violence that has killed at
least 60 people. "We have a clear
message for the instigators of
unrest," said acting President
Frederik de Klerk. "You will not
succeed, we will not tolerate violence
or revolution."


Story correction
COROZAL (Tropic Times) -
An error appeared in Friday's
story entitled "Morale calls make
PMLs easier to endure." The story
should have said "the specific
times allotted for morale cals are:
Monday through Friday, 6 p.m.
to 6 a.m.


F


et center













U.S. news



Mourners demonstrate at Brooklyn murder site


NEW YORK (UPI) - Family
members of a black youth slain in a
Brooklyn racial attack joined
hundreds of angry black activists
Saturday in a demonstration at the
site where the victim died, but they
were taunted by white residents
shouting profanities at the crowd.
As the demonstrators marched
through the predominantly white
Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn led
by the slain youth's two brothers, a
pack of about 30 white youths -
most of them in the same age group


as the alleged attackers - followed
the march, shouting curses and racial
slurs.
"Go home, you ... monkeys!" one
white man shouted at the marchers.
About 100 other whites held a
counter-demonstration, bearing
signs insisting "We Are Not Racist"
and "Do Not Malign the
Community."
Police at the scene said there were
no injuries or arrests.
Five of the white youths arrested in
the murder of Yusuf Hawkins, 16,


were arraigned Saturday at State
Supreme Court in Brooklyn.
The alleged leader of the attack,
Keith Mondelo, 18, was ordered held
on $100,000 bail. Four other youths,
Steven Curreri, 18; James Pitino, 24;
Pasquale Raucci, 19; and Charles
Stressler, 21, were ordered held on
$75,000 bail.
Mondello and Curreri were
charged with assault, riot,
conspiracy, aggravated harassment,
menacing and criminal possession of
a deadly weapon - a baseball bat,
police said.
Hawkins's funeral was scheduled
for noon Wednesday in Brooklyn.
Before the march Saturday about
400 blacks held a-meeting at
Brooklyn's Slave Theater, where
Hawkins' parents thanked the
audience for contributing $2,500 to a
family fund.
Rev. Al Sharpton praised
Hawkins, calling him an "honor
student" who came from a "royal
family."
"Our children can't walk the
streets," Sharpton said. "We aren't
violent, we don't want to cause
trouble. People say be careful, don't
start trouble, but it's already
started."
As the march began, protesters
walked to Bensonhurst's 62nd police
precinct and chanted: "We want the
murderer!" and "What do we want?
Justice! When do we want it? Now!"
A crowd of whites lined up along
the march route and repeatedly
heckled the protesters, screaming
"Sharpton sucks!" and "Free the
boys from Bensonhurst," a reference
to the five whites arrested in the
attack.
A white woman in her late 20s with
four children clinging to her dress


Jury reviews Helmsley 's tax returns


NEW YORK (UPI) - The jury in
Leona Helmsley's tax evasion trial
Saturday asked to review three years
of tax returns filed by the self-styled
hotel queen but failed to reached a
verdict before it recessed for the day
after eight hours of deliberations.
The returns sought by the jury
were for 1983, 1984 and 1985, the
three years for which Helmsley is
accused of tax evasion.
Helmsley, 69. was charged with
billing some $4 million worth of
renovations at the couple's
Greenwich, Conn., mansion as
business expenses in order to evade
taxes from 1983 to 1985.
The U.S. District Court jury in
Manhattan began deliberations
Saturday morning in the dramatic
trial, which has captured national
attention since it began eight weeks
ago.
Judge John Walker said the jurors
will deliberate until 5:30 p.m. daily
but will be allowed to sit as late as 6
p.m. or 7 p.m.
Walker said somejurors expressed
an interest in attending church
services Sunday morning, so a late
start was anticipated.


The 69-year-old Helmsley, wife of
billionaire real estate magnate Harry
Helmsley, was charged in a 47-count
indictment with billing some $4
million worth of renovations at the
couple's Greenwich, Conn., mansion
and other personal expenditures as
business expenses in order to evade
taxes from 1983 to 1985.
Harry Helmsley also was charged
in the case but was severed after
Walker ruled that a series of small
strokes left him with memory loss
and unable to assist in his own
defense. He never once showed up at
the trial.
A last-ditch defense tactic was to
bring in recent accounting that
purported to show the Helmsley's
were actually owed $591,000 in tax
refunds for the three years in
question because some of Harry
Helmsley's partnerships were not
properly depreciated.
The prosecution dismissed it as an
attempt to cloud the issue - that
personal items, from her underwear
to crossword puzzles - were paid for
by corporate entities, evading the tax
that would have been levied if those
expenses has been billed under


personal income.
Leona Helmsley was on trial with
Joseph Licari, 51, of Oyster Bay
Cove. N.Y., her husband's financial
chitf, and Frank Turco, 45, of Lutz.
Fla., her top aide in running the
Helmsleys' hotel business.
Both Leona Helmsley and Turco
were charged with extortion, a count
that carries up to 20 years in prison.
The other charges carry penalties
of three to five years each.
Elizabeth Baum, a former
housekeeper for the Helmleys and
one of 48 witnesses called to testify in
the trial, said Leona Helmsley told
her, "We don't pay taxes. Only the
little people pay taxes."
DeVita said the defense contention
that $1 million to the Helmsleys was
"peanuts" amounts to a defense that
"they're too rich to be guilty, and
that's no defense."
"There was a time in English
History when there was something
called sovereign immunity where the
queen could not be prosecuted,"
DeVita said. "But we don't have
sovereign immunity here.


screamed profanities at the
marchers, while a white man tried to
charge the demonstrators but was
intercepted and held back by police.
Godfrey Sandiford, one of the
leaders of the march, said a young
white man spat in his face at the end
of the march as he was about to
board a bus to leave the area.
Raucci and Stressler were
arraigned on all those charges except
conspiracy.Pitino faced the assault,
riot, harassment and menacing
charges.
Hawkins was shot to death
Wednesday night on a Bensonhurst
street in an attack by a gang of young
white men seeking revenge for, a
friend whose girlfriend spurned him
to date blacks and Hispanics, police
said.
The gang was lying in wait with
baseball bats outside a party for the
young woman's new friends. The
white youths apparently mistook
Hawkins and his three friends for the
young white woman's new friends,
police said.
Police said they were searching the
city Saturday for an 18-year-old
man, Joseph Fama, for questioning
about the attack.
A police spokesman would not say
whether Fama was the gunman in the
Hawkins attack.
The attack, seen as the worst racial
incident in New York City since a
black man was chased to his death by
white youths in Howard Beach,
Queens, in 1986, drew criticism from
across the city.
Another link between the two
crimes emerged with the disclosure
that one of Hawkins's friends the
night of the attack was a relative of
Michael Griffith, the victim of the
Howard Beach incident.

Two disappear in

recon desert flight
CAMP PENDLETON, Calif.
(UPI) - A search Saturday failed to
find a reconnaissance training plane
with two crew members aboard that
disappeared on a three-hour training
flight over the Southern California
desert, and military officials asked
for the public's help.
The turboprop OV-10A Bronco
left Camp Pendleton at 11:30 amn.
Thursday on a routine training
mission, The. craft, its pilot and an
observer, were declared missing at
2:30 p.m., when a search was
launched,
Maj. Jim McClain said military
officials have asked residents of.the
desert area in the plane's range to be
alert for any sign of the craft.
"We are most concerned,"
McClain said. "It is highly unusual
for.a crew to be missing for this long
with no contact. We want to find the
craft .and any help would be
appreciated."
McCain said the crew was flying
under visual flight rules and was not
required to make radio contact with
any tower, except immediately after
take-ofCi - .-'


Commander-in-Chief.
Director, Public Affair
Executive Editor/NC(
Managing Editor ...


.............. Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC ................ SFC Richard A. Czizik
rs.......... Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff ....................:. SSgt. Greg Markley
)IC .......... SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere
........................ Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft
AIC Randy Lawson
Composing Room .................... Rosemary Chong

Tropic Times Carolyn Coffey


This authorized unofficial command information publication
is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is
published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information
Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of
the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command.
Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view
of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S.
Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002,
Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.


SHOCKED BEAR --An adult black bear falls amid a hail of sparksfrom a
power pole after being tranquilized by Albuquerque, N.M. Game and Fish
Department officers, who drew criticismforfailing to shut orprovide a net
for the plummeting bear. The mother bear, which had been searching for her
lost cub, survived the fall. (AP Laserphoto)







Tropic Times
Aug. 28, 1989 J


U.S. news



Homeless teens most neglected in U.S.


BERKELEY, Calif. (UPI) -
Teenagers living on the street are
even more neglected than homeless
adults and face a high risk of
exploitation and death, researchers
said Wednesday.
"Adolescents living in abandoned
buildings and parks - a neglected,
invisible and highly vulnerable group
- are being shut out of even the few
services available to the homeless,"
said Marjorie Robertson of the
University of California at Berkeley's
School of Public Health.
Half the 13- to 17-year-olds
studied in the Hollywood, Calif.,
area attempted suicide, and only a
handful used shelters, according to
the detailed analysis submitted to the
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse
and Alcoholism.
Of the 93 teens in the study, 48.4
percent abused alcohol, "resembling
in behavior and prevalence of abuse a
skid row sample of homeless adults in
Los Angeles," Robertson said.
Yet only a few were getting help or
treatment, and often they were
denied shelter because of their
drinking problem.
Although exact statistics remain
unknown, the number of homeless
adolescents nationwide is estimated
at 1 million to 1.3 million at some
point during the year, the National
Network for Runaway and Youth
Services said in Washington.
Half these children return home
after a few days on the street, the
organization said.


Of the teens in the Hollywood
study, 79.3 percent had been
homeless more than once, and 79.4
percent were living in "improvised
shelters," such as abandoned
buildings, vehicles and in the streets,
Robertson said.
While many of the youngsters
came from intact nuclear families, 57


percent had lived a part of their lives
in foster or group homes, she said.
"The stereotype of the modern-day
Tom Sawyer who leaves home
looking for adventure could not be
further from the truth," Robertson
said.
"Homelessness seems to be part of
a long pattern of residential


MO VIEGOER -Alleged spy Felix Bloch is followed by a camera crew as
well as FBI agents as he leaves a Washington, D.C., movie theater showing
"When Harry Met Sally" earlier this month. The veteran U.S. diplomat is
under suspicion of spying for the Soviet Union. (AP Laserphoto)


instability. Often these kids' lives
started being disrupted when they
were 5 or 6 years old. Many had been
wards of the state. They were legally
entitled to the protection of the state,
but they weren't getting it when we
saw them."
While other studies have focused
on a more select group of teenagers
found at clinics and shelters, the
Berkeley researchers drew their
sample from abandoned buildings,
parks,alleys,fast-food restaurants, a
few services for the homeless and the
seedy Hollywood and Santa Monica
boulevards.
"Adolescents are not typically
entitled to welfare benefits,"
Robertson said. "Shelters are scarce
and not required to take them. Nor
are the young ones legally entitled to
work."
Although the majority was getting
some money from families, friends or
short-term jobs, there was a high rate
of prostitution, panhandling and
drug dealing among the 93 teens, 60.2
percent of whom were white and 61.3
percent of whom were male.
"We were surprised to find young
people with so few resources - some
of them were on the street for up to
seven years - could survive at all,"
Robertson said.
She called for "a new kind of
residence in the community" and a
study on "why so many children are
falling out of the foster care system."
"These kids have no entitlement,
no protection and few options," she
said.


Exxon plans special oil spill crew for winter


VALDEZ, Alaska (UPI) -- Exxon
has announced that it will maintain a
special crew on call through the
Alaskan winter to handle
emergencies in the worst oil spill in
U.S. history, while the governor
demanded that the oil giant resume
its cleanup next spring.
Exxon started shipping spill
equipment to Anchorage warehouses
last week and will start demobilizing
boats and work crews this week. By
Sept 15, there will be no Exxon
beach-cleaning crews remaining.
Exxon said it will mount a major
winter scientific study program
designed to gauge the environmental
effects of the March 24 spill off
southern Alaska in Prince William
Sound. The spill has killed tens of
thousands of birds and otters.
The company hopes to put people
on oil-tainted shorelines every two
weeks to gather data and get a first-
hand look at what winter storms may
be doing to subsurface oil remaining
on cleaned beaches.
Exxon announced it would keep a
special cleanup crew on call with a
small fleet of boats and planes to
handle any emergencies.
The future plans were unveiled at a
news conference by Otto Harrison,
the company's Valdez cleanup
manager. He seemed to bow to state
demands for a winter strike force to
handle lingering spill emergencies
and appeared to retreat from what
was widely perceived as a total
Exxon pullout by mid-September.
Harrison refused to make a
commitment for cleanup plans next
year. But Alaska Gov. Steve Cowper
reiterated the state's insistence that
Exxon resume cleanup next spring,
saying that the winter cleanup plan


by Exxon falls short because it does
not prepare for a major effort next
year.
"Exxon has made a major effort,
there's no question about that,"
Cowper said. "But there's still a lot of
oil below the surface, there's a lot of
oil on the beaches and there's a lot of
oil in the water."
Harrison asserted that Exxon
would finish the cleanup by the onset
of wintry weather in September. He
acknowledged, however, that after
that there may be a need to call up
emergency crews to collect tarballs
and deploy containment booms


around oil washed up from beaches.
Harrison said only winter field
work can determine what needs to be
done next year.
"I don't know what it's going to
look like in 1990," Harrison said of
the vast area hit by nearly 11 million
gallons of oil that spewed out of the
Exxon Valdez when it ran aground in
the sound.
"Undoubtedly winter storms will
help," he said of beaches that may
still be tainted with oil.
If storms fail to disperse lingering
oil and instead end up washing oil
toward fish hatcheries or sensitive


Medical devices faulty, group says


WASHINGTON (UPI) - At least
35 makers of medical devices - from
wheelchairs to pacemakers - failed
to report deaths, injuries and life-
threatening problems to the
government, a public advocacy
group charged last week.
The Public Citizen Health
Research Group also alleged the
Bush and Reagan administrations
have been "soft on industry" and as a
result the Food and Drug
Administration "failed to act
appropriately against these criminal
violations of the law."
Katherine Meyer, a Public Citizen
lawyer, said failure to report
problems within five days is a
violation of a 1976 amendment to the
Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.
Meyer said intentional failure can
lead to a fine of $10,000 and three
years in prison.
Besides wheelchairs and
pacemakers, Public Citizen also cited
problems with heart defibrillators,
infant respiration and heart


monitors, silicone breast implants,
tampons and crutches.
"It's interesting that people who
steal bread to provide for their
families can go to jail and these
companies can hide reports in their
files and go on," said Dr. Sidney
Wolfe, director of the organization
founded by Ralph Nader.
Wolfe cautioned, however, the
cases in question involve a "fraction"
of the industry.
William Grigg, an FDA
spokesman, said the agency is
looking into Public Citizen's
allegations.
"The companies that make 50,000
different types and brands of medical
devices make 15,000 reports a year
and about 4 percent of these are
considered after analysis to be related
to a device failure," Grigg said.
"These have resulted in important
recalls such as one correcting more
than 11,000 artificial kidney
machines after a faulty valve resulted
in a death."


areas, Exxon will be ready with three
planes, four helicopters, four boats
able to withstand rough seas and a
still-unformed call-up force of
workers. Oil containment boom also
will be stashed at key locations, he
said.
Exxon claims to have cleaned 916
miles of the 1,077-mile shoreline
identified as oil-tainted in Prince
William Sound and the Gulf of
Alaska.
Harrison declined to discuss "how
clean is clean," but said Exxon
expects to leave waters and shores
stable and in good enough shape for
animals to survive.
Harrison said Exxon's winter
activities will include taking 12,000
samples for laboratory analysis of
water and intertidal pools.
"Well be looking at the critters
who live there," he said. "We want to
stand on the key beaches every two
weeks during the winter.
Exxon will move its Valdez spill
headquarters to Anchorage and
maintain a 300-person winter work
force of scientists and support staff.
Harrison said they would finish
burning its mounds of oily waste by
the end of October at barge-mounted
incinerators.
At the cleanup's height this
summer Exxon employed nearly
11,000 people and a total of 1,385
vessels, most of them fishing boats.
Even as Harrison was announcing
the demobilization plan, transition
to winter programs and discussing
future activities, the work force was
being reduced, he said, and trucks
were shipping the first of 1,700
container-loads of material to
Anchorage.








4Tropic Times
Aug. 28, 1989


Fthemisphere I


Families, military to get drug assets


MEDELLIN, Colombia (Reuter)
- Colombia, defying an unprece-
dented "declaration of war" by drug
barons, has ordered that their seized
assets be awarded to the police,
justice ministry and a family welfare
agency among other beneficiaries.
President Virgilio Barco, invoking
state of siege powers, last week
signed four decrees with provisions
for awarding millions of dollars'
worth of impounded properties and
assets.
The measures supplemented an
anti-drug emergency package
announced last week following the
assassinations of a leading
presidential candidate, judge and a
police chief.
Barco's latest decrees appeared to
be his only response to a toughly-
worded statement issued earlier by a
shadowy group called the
"Extraditables" declaring all-out war
on the government.
The group, associated with the
notorious Medellin cartel which
controls most of the world's cocaine,
threatened war against Colombia's
industrial and political leadership. It
also singled out journalists, judges,
business and trade union leaders
"and all those who have persecuted
us in the past."
The statement, from the same
group that claimed responsibility for
last year's killing of Attorney
General Carlos Mauro Hoyos, was
issued hours after bombs blew up the
offices of Colombia's two main
political parties in Medellin, hub of
the drug trade and Colombia's
second-biggest city.
A Defense Ministry spokesman in
the capital, Bogota, acknowledged
that an atmosphere of "expectation
and anxiety" prevailed following the
"declaration of war." But he said the
situation was "relatively under
control."
Despite the bomb attacks here
there was no sign of extra police or


Kingpins get
BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) -The
government intensified its war on
drugs, ordering cocaine traffickers to
surface and claim $200 million in
confiscated property or lose it.
Enraged dealers staged a series of
deadly bomb and arson attacks.
Using emergency powers under a
four-year state of siege, President
Virgilio Barco issued a decree last
week requiring owners of the seized
property personally to make claims
for restitution and barring them from
using real estate agents, lawyers or
other fronts.
Police and military agents have
seized hundreds of luxurious
mansions, ranches, office buildings,
shops and restaurants across the
country along with airplanes,
helicopters, cars, trucks and other
items in an unprecedented offensive.
Defense Ministry officials put the
total value of the goods at about $200
million.
The government crackdown began
last week after the assassinations of
Luis Carlos Galan, a popular
arges in the United States and the
Colombian government promised to
extradite any who are arrested.
Early Thursday, traffickers
infuriated by the crackdown bombed
offices of the Liberal and
Conservative party offices in
downtown Medellin, killing a


army forces on the streets.
Under Barco's new decrees,
authorities have 72 hours to draw up
an inventory of assets impounded
since the government launched its
nationwide crackdown on drug
traffickers.
Owners of confiscated assets, few of
whom are expected to challenge the
government, will be allowed five days
to demonstrate in court that they had
acquired any confiscated property
legitimately.


The Defense Ministry says at least
141 properties, 150 aircraft, 1,141
cars and trucks, 30 yachts and 678
weapons have been seized and nearly
11,000 people arrested since last
week.
None of the 12 traffickers on a
"Dozen Most Wanted " list that
Washington has asked Colombia to
extradite has been apprehended.
In an interview with ABC
television's "Primetime Live," Barco
said three important drug traffickers


had been arrested. He did not
identify them, however, and
acknowledged that they were little
more than lieutenants of the
country's top drug barons.
Barco, speaking in halting English,
said he anticipated more bloodshed
because of his government's
crackdown on the drug trade but
reiterated his opposition to the use of
U.S. troops to fight the traffickers
and their private armies.
Under the new decrees, in cases
where no proof of legitimate
ownership is available, the
government will award the
sumptuous homes of suspected drug
barons to a national family welfare
institute.
Confiscated airplanes would go to
security forces and a state airline,
farm and agricultural implements to
a national farm institute and arms,
helicopters and two-way radios to
the police and military.
Impounded cars, furniture, stocks
and bonds, foreign currency and
Colombian pesos would be awarded
to the security police and a fund to
provide security for judges.
Another decree ordered the
country's governors to draw up a list
of all rural airstrips within 15 days
with an accompanying list of the
alleged owners and stated purposes.
The same decree orders security
forces to "make unusable" all
unauthorized airstrips.
Under Colombia's constitution all
the emergency measures . adopted
over the past week have to be
presented to the Supreme Court,
which must uphold their
constitutionality.
To protect the Supreme Court
justices, the government has ordered
that their individual rulings on the
issue of constitutionality not be made
public.
More than 50 judges have been
killed in Colombia this decade.


5 days to prove legitimate ownership
passerby. destroy the industries, the properties traffickers, Colombian leftist leaders
They also set fire to the weekend and the mansions of the oligarchy." are most prone to attack extradition.
retreats of two prominent politicians Authorities have arrested three Roberto Pombo, a legal affairs
on the outskirts of Medellin, an alleged drug traffickers as part of the analyst with the leading newspaper
industrial city 215 miles north of crackdown, but the bosses of the El Tiempo, said he thought more
Bogota and the base for the world's cocaine cartels are believed in hiding. people back extradition than oppose
biggest cocaine cartel. Barco, invoking powers granted to it, following the assassination of the
Families were sleeping in both him under a state of siege, issued ruling party's presidential candidate,
houses when gangs doused the decrees that reinstituted the principle Senator Luis Carlos Galan.
structures with gasoline before dawn of extradition, suspended since 1987. Washington apparently wants
and set them ablaze, authorities said. President Bush hailed the decision leading traffickers extradited
The families ran outside and were not as "a courageous move." because, according to a State
hurt. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh Department report to Congress last
Two bombs, each containing said that Barco's decision "certainly March, it is doubtful that any major
about 45 pounds of dynamite, were pleases us" and added that the United drug baron can be brought to trial in
found at the Medellin offices of two States wants the extradition of about Colombia, given the bribery and
national radio networks and a dozen kingpins whom he said intimidation of judges.
deactivated, control the far-flung international "It is virtually impossible to arrest
At one of the stations the bombers operations of the drug cartels, and convict major drug traffickers
left a communique saying: "We An issue with nationalistic (in Colombia) because it has been
declare total and absolute war on the overtones, the subject of extradition corrupted by a combination of
government, on the industrial and divides Colombians, and the topic threats and bribes from traffickers,
political oligarchy, on the journalists has affected relations with known in Spanish as 'plata o plomo'
who have attacked and ravaged us, Washington as it seeks to bring drug (silver or lead)," it said.
on the judges who have sold out to barons to trial in the United States. Colombia's judges began a strike
the government, on the extraditing Barco could test Colombian earlier this month to demand more
magistrates, on the labor union nationalism and the reaction to government protection following the
presidents and all those who have extradition as early as this week. assassination of an appeals court
persecuted and attacked us." If Barco decides actually to judge who upheld an arrest warrant
The communique was signed by extradite any arrested trafficker to for reputed Medellin cartel leader
The Extraditables, a violent group the United States, he must deal with Pablo Escobar.
authorities link to the Medellin those Colombian public figures who The United States has been
cartel. balk at extradition as a breach of working for months on anti-drug
"We will not respect the families of national sovereignty. programs for Colombia, especially
those who have not respected our To judge by the published programs to protect its judicial
families," it said. "We will burn and reactions to Barco's crackdown on system.








Tropic Times r
Aug. 28, 1989 J


hemisphere



Bolivia, Peru fear Colombian spillover


LA PAZ, Bolivia (Reuter) -
Bolivia and Peru, the world's major
coca producing countries, fear
Colombia's crackdown on .drug
traffickers could force the dealers to
cross into their territory in a search
for new havens for their laboratories,
diplomats say.
The massive hunt for drug
traffickers and new threats in the all-
out fight against the cocaine barons
could unleash a smugglers' backlash
and force those countries to change
their stance of not allowing U.S.
troops on their soil, they say.
Both the new Bolivian President
Jaime Paz Zamora and Peru's
President Alan Garcia have refused
to allow the presence of U.S. troops
to help the fight against the drug
lords.
Former Bolivian president Victor
Paz Estenssoro allowed U.S. troops
to lend logistical support to his
government's anti-drug drive
between July and September 1986.
The move triggered a wave of anti-
American feelings among Bolivians.
In Lima, a Latin American


Venezuelan

CARACAS, Venezuela (Reuter)
- Six months into office President
Carlos Andres Perez is sticking
firmly to his austerity policies, which
led to price riots in February, but
Venezuela faces deepening recession,
economists say.
"I think the (austerity) package is
working but the impact this year will



* ��le1
�a * *�. JL- ^f~\r


diplomat told Reuters: "The Peru and Bolivia produce 90 back to Medellin and Cali, homes of
Peruvian authorities are worried and percent of the world's coca, the raw the notorious drug cartels, diplomat
the force of events might lead them to material for cocaine, according to the sources said.
fight the drug traffickers." U.S. Drug Enforcement Administra- Last March, U.S. and Peruvian
Colombia's neighbors, including tion. Colombia is the leading refiner anti-drug experts sprayed a
Peru and Ecuador, have launched a of the drug. controversial herbicide, known as
coordinated military operation along Ecuador, although not a coca Spike, over part of the Upper
their frontiers in a bid to keep out producer, has been used by Huallaga coca field, local officials
drug traffickers linked to the Colombian drug traffickers as a said.
assassinations of three leading route point to send drugs to the Shortly after, leftist guerrillas
Colombian public figures last week United States and Europe due to lax allied with drug traffickers attacked a
from crossing into those countries, a local controls at ports and airports, police post in the cocaine-producing
foreign ministry source in Bogota diplomats said. area of Tingo Maria, killing 13
said. In 1988, former U.S. Attorney people, including at least 10
A subsequent crackdown, in which General Edwin Meese proposed that policemen.
11,000 criminal suspects were the major coca producing countries The attack on the Uchiza town
arrested by the Colombian form a multinational force to combat highlighted the Peruvian authorities
government, led newspapers in Lima the drug trade. Bolivia disagreed fears that Maoist Shining Path
to ask for an increase in joint efforts with the idea, diplomats said at the (Sendero Luminoso) guerrillas were
between Peru, Colombia, Bolivia time. aiding drug traffickers in exchange
and the United States in their war DEA agents are carrying out a for a "protection tax," Peruvian
against the drug trade. But they have joint-effort with Peru to stamp out security sources said.
not hinted they want U.S. troops in the drug trade, which has its main Shining Path and the smaller
their territory. fields in the central Upper Huallaga guerrilla group, the pro-Cuban
The Bush administration has said River Valley. Tupac Amaru Revolutionary
that it would send U.S. They also help Peruvian forces Movement, are known to vie for the
troops to those drug-producing pounce on drug traders before they estimated $150 million a year the
countries if their governments load the basic coca paste onto drug trade pays for protection, the
requested help. Colombian light planes on their way source said.


austerity brings deepening recession


be deeply negative," Pedro Palma, an
economist and consultant, told
Reuters.
Perez's policies of lifting state
subsidies and freeing price controls
to liberalize the economy provoked
riots three weeks after he took office
Feb. 2, and nearly 300 people were
killed.


IF Id0
, ^^ * ^

WL^ .*


Inflation in the three months to
July fell steadily as the measures
began to work, economists said.
But consumers' purchasing power
plunged, devouring profits in the
main car assembly, textile and
agriculture industries, they added.
Only a government decree
prohibiting mass firings has kept
people at work.
Gross Domestic Product, a
measure of a country's wealth, is
expected to shrink in Venezuela this
year, after expanding by 5.7 percent
last year, economists said.
The days when many middle-class
Venezuelans would regularly fly to
Miami for weekend shopping trips
are over. Many residents who were
financially comfortable last year,
now say they fear they cannot keep
up their mortgage payments.


Despite initial measures in
February that raised gasoline and
transport prices, the government still
controls prices of many essential
goods with subsidies, economists
said.
It will have to impose further price
increases on the 18 million
population at the risk of provoking
another burst of riots, they added.
Palma and other economists have
forecast inflation of between 80 and
90 percent this year, which would be
the highest in Venezuela's history.
Much of that increase is attributed to
sharp rises in March and April after
the measures took effect.
The success of the austerity
program will also depend on
Venezuela reaching an agreement to
reduce its foreign debt owed to
commercial banks under the so-


S------------ "The government has yet to calea idraay 'lan, economists said
- achieve a freeing of prices," said Perez has called for a 50 percent
FOOD RIOTS - New price increases in Venezuela could trigger more food Domingo Felipe Maza Zabala, an reduction in the amount owed to th
riots such as in February when looters sacked supermarkets. (AP economics professor at Caracas's banks, which account for most of th
Laserphoto). Central University. $29 billion foreign debt.


Noriega aide linked to Colombian mercenaries?


d.
at
e
e


JERUSALEM (Reuter) -
Allegations that Israelis are training
private armies for Colombian drug
barons could harm the Jewish state's
image by exposing the seamier side of
its vaunted defense expertise.
There are about 800 registered
Israeli firms dealing in military
knowledge and arms exports - a
large industry built up by former
army commanders and intelligence
agents, according to Israeli
government officials.
"The greatest damage is that rather
than being known as producers in
agriculture, in genetics, in medicine,
our trademark is the security
business whether weapons or
support systems," former Mossad
secret service head Meir Amit told
army radio.
The officials said Israel introduced
more stringent regulations for
security firms in 1986 following the
Irangate scandal, which embarrassed
the government over its role in


shipping arms to Iran to win freedom
for U.S. hostages.
Specialists in the field said most of
the registered companies had the
blessing of the Israeli government
but several operators, tempted by
action and big money, drifted outside
the law.
Israeli police have sought
Colombian and U.S. help in
checking charges first made by NBC
television that Israeli and South
African instructors were working for
cocaine tycoons by training hit-
squads in secret Colombian
hideouts.
Israeli television named one of the
men in NBC's film as an army reserve
colonel who heads a defense and
security firm.
Colombian drug traffickers
wanted by the United States declared
"total war" on the Bogota
government Thursday and bombs
blew up the offices of the country's
two main political parties in the drug
capital, Medellin.


As the group known as "The
Extraditables" also threatened
journalists, judges, business and
trade union leaders, Israel Thursday
dissociated itself from its citizens
reported to be working for the
Medellin drug cartel.
The Defense Ministry said it
rejected a request from a security
consulting firm - whose president
was reported by Israeli media to be
training hit-squads - to operate in
Colombia.
An official statement added: "The
Ministry of Defense has not
permitted any Israeli to transfer
military knowledge or train anybody
or element not subject to government
control (of that country) and this
obviously refers also to Colombia."
Israel Television quoted a retired
Israeli army officer involved with the
security company as denying
allegations it transferred any military
knowledge to elements in Colombia.
The television quoted him as
saying he joined the firm because its


chief executive, his former army
commander, "promised that the
company would operate only with
countries and bodies that were
internationally recognized."
Israeli and U.S. television gave
prominent coverage Thursday to a
former Israeli intelligence agent who
has close ties to Panamanian
strongman Manuel Antonio
Noriega.
NBC said Colombian and U.S.
authorities were investigating
whether the ex-agent had any role in
training and equipping the drug
barons' gunmen in Colombia.
There have been widespread
reports of Israelis training the
Nicaraguan Contra rebels and
providing personal security for
African and Latin American heads of
state.
Israeli security firms also work as
consultants for several major airlines
to prevent air piracy and the
smuggling of bombs on board
aircraft.








6 Tropic Times
Aug. 28, 1989


military news



Congress to debate defense protectionism


WASHINGTON (AP) - After
working itself into a "Buy American"
frenzy over co-production of a jet
fighter with Japan, Congress again
faces a new protectionism battle over
renewing an obsure, 39-year-old law
on weapons purchases.
The Defense Production Act of
1950 gives the president power to
limit or prohibit the acquisition of
foreign products. The Korean War
era legislation also gives the
government authority to subsidize
industries, including those that
produce goods for the Pentagon.
Nearly four decades later,
lawmakers are hoping to use renewal
of the law, which expires Sept. 30, to
infuse life into the depressed U.S.
defense industrial base and limit
foreign sources for weapons
components.
The interest in the problems of
U.S. defense manufacturers comes
on the heels of a rancorous debate
earlier this year over co-production
agreement of the FSX fighter, an
advanced version of the F-16.
Opponents of the FSX transaction
charged that it would "shut down
American industries" by handing the
Japanese vital U.S. technology.
However, congressional efforts to
prevent the U.S.-negotiated deal or
impose conditions failed.
Next month, defense industry
woes and the increasing use of
foreign suppliers for weapons
components moves to the forefront
again.
"The problem has been a subject of
numerous defense, industry,
Government Accounting Office and
congressional reviews since the mid-
1970s," said Sen.


Alan Dixon, D-Ill., a member of
both the Senate Armed Services and
Banking committees.
"Yet, until recently, little has been
done to shape practical solutions,"
Dixon said last month.
The Center for Strategic and
International Studies found that
from 1982 to 1987 the number of U.S.
companies supplying goods to the
Defense Department dropped from
118,000 to 38,000.
William G. Phillips, president of
the National Council for Industrial
Defense, said the Pentagon's reliance
on foreign companies has become a
major concern for about 5 million
members of labor unions and
employees of companies represented
by his group.
The argument most raised by


Phillips and others is that the Penta-
gon might be unable to get necessary
components for its weapons systems
if foreign supplies are cut off.
"The general consensus is we are
becoming dependent on foreign
sources for some very important
pieces of our military hardware,"
Phillips said in an interview last
week.
"The questions are how
dependent, how fast and whether or
not that dependency is leading to a
critical vulnerability if we lose that
foreign source," he said.
But former Defense Secretary
Frank C. Carlucci in congressional
hearings last month cautioned
lawmakers that strict protectionist
legislation would "invite retaliation"
from U.S. trading partners.


"It could be disastrous to our
national security, if we assume we
can 'go it alone' technologically,"
Carlucci said.
The House Banking, Finance and
Urban Affairs subcommittee on
economic stabilization is weighing
amendments to the law that would
require the president to limit foreign
participation in defense manufactur-
ing and provide financial assistance
to medium-size and small U.S.
companies.
The measure sponsored by Rep.
Mary Rose Oakar, D-Ohio, would
limit products for new and existing
weapons to those from manufac-
turers and assembly plants in the
United States. The practice would be
phased in over five years.


DoD attempts change in data storage


WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Pentagon is quietly moving ahead
with a plan to wean bureaucrats,
battleships and bombers from
unwieldy stacks of printed
paperwork and convert them to
compact, cost-effective computer
disks.
The effort comes in response to a
weighty problem: a modern Navy
warship carries 15 to 25 tons of
operating, maintenance and repair
manuals; the B-1B bomber has
generated 1 million pages of how-to
documentation.
The Pentagon says the campaign
could reduce the lifetime cost of
major weapons by up to 20 percent
by converting masses of printed
technical information into


computerized databases.
The cost for technical data
delivered with military hardware
ranges from 10 percent to 30 percent
of the total.weapon system price tag.
Add to that the millions of dollars
that must be spent, year after year, to
keep the manuals up to date.
To spearhead the conversion of
printed data to electronic form, the
Defense Department in September
1985 launched a program called
Computer-Aided Acquisition and
Logistics Support, or CALS.
Bruce Lepisto, deputy director of
the Pentagon's CALS Policy Office,
said each of the military services has
selected particular weapons to lead
the way in carrying out the
computerization effort.


Texas city fights testing on 'The Bomb'


WASHINGTON (AP) - A south
Texas city is fighting to protect the
springs that make it a desert oasis
from a Pentagon proposal to rock a
nearby ranch with a series of massive
underground explosions.
The proposed explosions on the
Buck King Ranch near Del Rio,
Texas, are an important element in
U.S. strategic deterrent capabilities,
says the Defense Nuclear Agency.
The non-nuclear explosions are
designed to simulate the impact of
nuclear blasts on subterranean
missile silos and military command
centers.
But 12,000 of the 40,000 Del Rio
residents have signed petitions asking
the agency to take its explosives
elsewhere. They say they don't want
to take any chances with the Texas
border city's only source of water, the
San Felipe Springs.
"We depend on San Felipe Springs
for survival," says City Manager
Jeffrey Pomeranz. "The city of Del
Rio is not willing to play a what-if
game with our water and the future of
our city.
"No one in Washington has


offered us any guarantees, nor can
they, that if our water supply was
adversely affected, the federal
government would step in and
correct the situation," he said.
Mexico also has expressed concern
to U.S. officials about the potential
impact of the explosions near the
border, said Leonardo French, a
spokesman for the Mexican
Embassy.
Defense Nuclear Agency officials,
however, say a final decision to
conduct the tests hinges on geological
and environmental assessments of
the area that are not yet completed.
The agency spent two years
choosing the site 25 miles north of
Del Rio for the graduated series of
explosions.
The explosions would start with a
1,000-pound charge in 1990,
increasing to 470 tons - equivalent
to 300 tons of TNT - in November
1992.
Defense spokeswoman Cheri
Abdelnour said the tests would be
performed with the same
conventional explosives used by the
mining industry, and do not involve


nuclear or radioactive devices.
Jack M. Bachkosky, director of
plans, programs and requirements
for the defense agency, said the tests
are "important to the continued
credibility and viability of our
strategic deterrent."
"As an agency, our primary
responsibility to the Department of
Defense is to ensure the survivability
of our strategic assets and the
effectiveness of those same assets
when used against anyone who might
threaten our security," he said.
Del Rio officials were told the
purpose of the tests was to
"determine the survivability of
underground missile silos and
foreign missile silos and other
underground military facilities,"
Pomeranz said.
But Del Rio residents say water in
West Texas is more important. Last
week they became even more skittish
when an underground cave-in
contaminated their water with an
unknown substance, forcing them to
drink boiled or bottled water for two
days.


For the Air Force, he said, these
lead systems are the Advanced
Tactical Fighter and the B-2 Stealth
bomber; for the Navy, the A-12
attack aircraft and SSN-21 Seawolf
class attack submarine; and for the
Army, the LHX helicopter and Ml-
A2 tank.
Lepisto acknowledged that'there
had been some problem weaning
military personnel as well as defense
contractors from reliance on
traditional paper documents.
"We're talking about a major
cultural change here," he said. "Some
people are overly anxious and want
to rush in. And some people feel that
better is the enemy of good enough.
What we're implementing is a new
way of doing business. And certainly
there are going to be people that want
to go either faster or slower."
Paul N. Pechersky, co-chairman of
the CALS Industry Steering Group,
representing hundreds of defense
contractors, said, "We're still in the
very early stages. This is a massive
undertaking. From my own personal
perspective, I think we're doing very
well."
"The first several years have been
devoted to trying to get our act
together - to decide what we want to
do and how we want to do it. And
more importantly, to try and get
agreement on some of the early
digital (information) exchange
standards that have to be put in
place," he said.
Pechersky, corporate director of
management information systems
for E-Systems Inc. in Dallas, said the
program is "evolutionary, not
revolutionary. Well see various
implementations of CALS well into
the year 2000."
The CALS program involves
development of standardized text
and image formats so that electronic
data can be readily exchanged
between a wide variety of different
computer systems within the military
and at defense contractors.


Soviet pilots dazzle spectators with airshow featuring Blackjack


MOSCOW (AP) - Another
barrier fell to glasnost last week as
the Soviets revealed to their own
people and the rest of the world the
deadliest weapon in their Air Force
arsenal - the needle-nosed strategic
bomber NATO calls the Blackjack.
Plagued by a chain of recent
mishaps, including plane crashes and


the highly publicized defection of a
fighter pilot, the Soviet Air Force
may have needed some good
publicity.
In a dazzling three-hour air show
-the country's first in more than 20
years - it aimed to show Soviet and
foreign doubters that it still very
much has the right stuff.


Although Western air attaches
who attended said they saw little that
was new, the "Aviation-Sports
Holiday" was clearly in line with the
policy of glasnost, or openness,
pursued by the Kremlin under
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev,
which has also brought an easing of
the once-obsessive secrecy about


military affairs. More than 150,000
people saw the supersonic Blackjack
bomber.
According to Jane's "All the
World's Aircraft 1988-9,"the Soviets
are expected to build at least 100
Blackjacks at a new complex in
Kazan. Eleven had been completed
by 1988, Jane's said.








Tropic Times 7
Aug. 28, 1989 /


sports


Valvwmo to step down as Wofpack athletic director


RALEIGH (AP) - Jim Valvano
affirmed Friday night he will step
down as athletic director at North
Carolina State, but he vowed to
remain the head basketball coach in
an effort to help solve some admitted
academic problems.
"If I was part of the problem, one
of the reasons I'm here today is
because I want very much to be part
of the solution," Valvano said in a
news conference after learning
University of North Carolina
President C.D. Spangler had
recommended he leave the athletic
director's post by Dec. 31.
Valvano would only say he was
aware of the December deadline
imposed by the committee, adding,
"So I fully expect to work with them
to implement that decision."
Valvano defended the job he had
done as athletic director, but he said
he understood the reasons for
Spangler's recommendation, which
came after a six-month investigation
sparked by a book about alleged
improprieties in the N.C. State
basketball program.
"Whether it's true or not, there can
be an appearance of a conflict there,"
he said. "And in today's athletic
world, you've got to remove that."
Valvano's comments came
moments after the N.C. State Board
of Trustees accepted a report from
Spangler and the UNC Board of
Governors recommending 14 ways to
strengthen academic performance
among athletes at all 15 UNC schools
with athletic programs.


Trustees and N.C. State
Chancellor Bruce Poulton were
basically supportive of Valvano's
work as coach, saying they saw little
evidence that allegations of grade
changing, lavish gifts to athletes or
drug abuse in Peter Golenbock's
book "Personal Fouls" had
occurred.
"I don't think they (trustees) have
any serious doubts about him
remaining coach and I hope he does,"
Chairman John Gregg said.
"We have been for the last eight
months studied and restudied"
without evidence of wrongdoing,
said Poulton, who announced his
resignation Monday in an effort to
curb negative publicity he said was
personally directed at him.
Once more Poulton lamented
what he called the "daily outpouring
of hatred ... for the seven years that I
have been chancellor."
Poulton lauded Valvano's
performance as athletic director,
saying the N.C. State coaches had
sent him a letter pleading that
Valvano remain on the job.
There seemed to be little question
that Valvano had neglected the
academic side of things as a coach,
but most officials said he would
change the philosophy that caused
problems in the past.
Poulton noted Valvano believes
basketball players ought to be
evaluated as basketball players alone
and that he had manipulated rules to
help athletes. He said there were
"many cases where every


opportunity to remain eligible has
been pursued."
Valvano said he was willing to


change his views on academics,
adding, "If I had something to do
over, it would be that aspect of it."


Preseason college football poll selects Michigan No. 1


ANN ARBOR, Michigan (AP) --
Michigan's football team is picking
up where Michigan's basketball team
Baseball Standings
As of Aug. 27

AMERICAN
East Division


Baltimore
Toronto
Milwaukee
Boston
Cleveland
New York
Detroit


Oakland
California
Kansas City
Texas
Minnesota
Seattle
Chicago


W L Pet. GB
70 60 .538 -
68 61 .527 1 1/2
65 66 .496 5 1/2
63 65 .492 6
61 68 .473 8 1/2
58 73 .443 12 1/2
47 84 .359 23 1/2
lest Division
W L Pet. GB
78 52 .600 -
76 52 .594 1
75 54 .581 2 1/2
67 60 .528 9 1/2
64 64 .500 13
57 71 .445 20
55 74 .426 22 1/2


NATIONAL
East Division


Chicago
St. Louis
Montreal
New York
Pittsburgh
Philadelphia
Wes

San Francisco
Houston
San Diego
Cincinnati
Los Angeles
Atlanta


W L
72 57
70 58
70 59
69 59
56 72
52 76


Pet. GB
.558 -
.547 1 1/2
.543 2
.539 2 1/2
.438 15 1/2
.406 19 1/2


it Division
W L Pct. GB
74 55 .574 -
69 60 .535 5
65 64 .504 9
62 67 .481 12
61 68 .473 13
52 77 .403 22


left off - No. 1 in the country.
Five months after winning the
NCAA basketball championship, the
Wolverines are the preseason pick as
the nation's top college football team
in The Associated Press'Top 25 poll.
Michigan received 23 first-place
votes and 1,439 points to edge
defending national champion Notre
Dame. The Fighting Irish, who visit
Ann Arbor on Sept. 16, were ranked
No. 1 on 20 ballots and received
1,378 points.
The only other teams receiving
first-place votes were Nebraska (10),
Miami (4), Southern California (1)
and Florida State (2).
Nebraska is ranked third, followed
by Miami, Southern Cal, Florida
State, Louisiana State, Auburn,
UCLA and Arkansas.
Penn State, coming off its first


losing season in 50 years, is ranked
11th. Next are Clemson, Syracuse,
Colorado, Oklahoma, Alabama,
West Virginia, Arizona, Brigham
Young, Pittsburgh, Houston,
Illinois, Iowa, North Carolina State
and Ohio State.
The AP is expanding its rankings
from 20 to 25 teams this season. Sixty
sports writers and sportscasters vote
in the weekly poll, which awards 25
points for first place, 24 for second
and so on.
Although most of Michigan's
starters return from last year's 9-2-1
Rose Bowl champion team, Coach
Bo Schembechler is downplaying
talk of a national title.
"I don't care about all that," he
said. "We're going to try to have a
year like last year. We had a lot of
heartaches, but we had a lot of fun."


Asked if the preseason ranking
puts more pressure on his team,
Schembechler said: "Being No. 1
doesn't bother me. The writers
probably like us or they wouldn't
have voted that way. Of course, we
may or may not be that good."
Two of Michigan's top three
quarterbacks were recently declared
ineligible, but the Wolverines still
have senior Michael Taylor, who
started the first nine games last
season before breaking his
collarbone.
This is the second time Michigan
has been ranked No. 1 in the AP
preseason poll, which started in 1950.
The Wolverines also were the top
pick in 1981, but they lost their
opener to Wisconsin, went 9-3 and
finished 12th in the final rankings.


Trumbull, Conn. takesLittleLeague WorldSeries


SOUTH WILLIAMSPORT, Pa.
(UPI) - A never-say-die
Connecticut team won the 1989
Little League World Series
Saturday, holding Taiwan to five hits
in a 5-2 victory that ended the Far
East's five-year dominance of the
small-scale baseball classic.
Manager Tom Galla said he had
no doubts his Trumbull, Conn., team
would win the championship.
"I knew we were a team of
destiny," Galla said. "It's a miracle
we were here to begin with. We had
to win this game."
His players did. Ken Martin
homered and drove in three runs and
Chris Drury pitched a five-hitter to
lead Trumbull to the title with a 5-2
victory over Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
The last U.S. victory came when a
team from Marietta, Ga., won the
title in 1983.


"You saw it on the field," Galla
said. "They don't know how to lose.
They didn't care who they were
playing today. The kids were more
confident and they were a little more
aggressive today with their bats than
they had been in previous games. We
made a few things happen today that
we weren't able to do the last couple
of days."
Trumbull had stranded 20 runners
in their two World Series games,
when they defeated Davenport,
Iowa, on Tuesday and San Pedro,
Calif., on Thursday.
Drury, using an effective fastball
and changeup, struck out two and
walked four to pick up his second
victory in the weeklong series. Chien-
Chih Lee took the loss.
Taiwan was leading 1-0 early in the
game, but Trumbull went ahead in


the third and held their edge.
"We played our game," Martin
said. "We did what we had to do to
win it. We deserved it. We worked
our butts off to get here. Teams have
got out in front early on us before,
and we've always come back."
Taiwan Coach Chin-Ming Wu
said his team may have been affected
by a crowd of more than 40,000 and a
large television audience.
"The big crowd made them
nervous," Wu said through a
translator.
"His (Chien-Chih Lee's)
performance before was very good.
But today I guess he wasn't ready."
Trumbull advanced to the
championship game by defeating
San Pedro 6-3 to take the American
title. Kaohsiung reached the final
Thursday with a 13-0 whitewash of
Maracaibo, Venezuela.


TWIN TO WERS - Chris Perry (right), a 6-foot-lO, 413-pound tackle for
the Covington, La. High Schoolfootball team, towers over his 6-foot-3
younger brother A dam during a recent practice. (AP Laserphoto)








STropic Times
Aug. 28, 1989


Washington may be stuck with Noriega


WASHINGTON (Reuter) --
Despite U.S. military posturing and
this week's failed diplomatic push to
oust Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega,
experts doubt the United States is
ready to shoot it out with Panama's
strongman.
Instead, defense and political
analysts said, Washington may be
stuck with Noriega for an uncertain
future after the Organization of
American States announced
Wednesday it had not persuaded him


to relinquish power Sept. 1.
"No matter how annoying a thug
Noriega is, everybody knows he has
been Washington's thug for years.
We can't go for a quick fix," said Rob
Kurz of the Brookings Institution.
"If President Bush wanted to
kidnap or overthrow Noriega, I think
he could do it with surprisingly little
bloodshed or criticism from Latin
America," said Piero Gleijeses at the
Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy
Institute.


VICTIMS REBURIED - A coffin containing the bones of the five
suspected victims of cannibal A Iferd Packer are lowered into their grave
I site last week near Lake City, Colo. (AP Laserphoto)

Perez asks Cabinet to resign,

announces new body of advisers


CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) -
President Carlos Andres Perez asked
his entire Cabinet to resign and
Saturday announced a new body of
advisers, naming a new foreign
minister but keeping his economic
team.
A Presidential Palace spokesman
confirmed Perez's close friend,
Reinaldo Figueredo, is replacing
Enrique Tejera Paris as foreign
minister.
He also said Finance Minister
Eglee Iturbe and Energy Minister
Celestino Armas will keep their
portfolios.
"The decision has been taken not
to make any changes in the economic
Cabinet posts," the spokesman told
reporters at the central town of
Miraflores.
Perez praised the outgoing
Cabinet in his statement but said it
was time for a "reorganization" -the
first since he was inaugurated Feb. 2.
In other changes, Agriculture
Minister Fanny Bello was replaced
by Raul de Armas, Transport
Minister Gustavo Rada by Elias
Osuna and Health Minister Felipe
Bello by Manuel Adrianza.
The palace spokesman said no
changes will be made in the state oil


Walesa, U.S. meeting

by United Press International
GDANSK, Poland - Solidarity
leader Lech Walesa, meeting with
U.S. officials following the
movement's sudden rise to power,
said Saturday that Poles were
becoming impatient because of rising
poverty and urged Washington to
speed aid to Warsaw. The meeting
coincided with talks in Warsaw
between new Prime Minister
Tadeusz Mazowiecki and Soviet
KGB chief Gen. Vladimir
Kryuchkov, the highest-ranking


monopoly Petroleos de Venezuela,
S.A., which provides more than 90
percent of Venezuela's foreign
exchange earnings.
New ministers will be sworn in
Sunday, when the 2.8 million
members of the governing
Democratic Action Party hold
nationwide primaries to choose
candidates for December guber-
natorial and municipal elections.
This is the first time Venezuelans
will vote for governors of the 20
states and two federal territories,
who previously were appointed by
the president.
The most significant change
announced Saturday, naming
Figueredo to the Foreign Ministry,
comes after Venezuela suffered a
humiliating diplomatic defeat
Thursday, when the Organization of
American States decided to suspend
its mediation in Panama.
Perez is a highly vocal foe of Gen.
Manuel Antonio Noriega, the de
facto leader of Panama. Venezuela
had sponsored a strongly worded
resolution against Noriega, only to
see it watered down by other
organization members to a point
where it no longer called for
Noriega's departure from power.


Soviet official to meet with the
premier since he was elected to head
Poland's first non-communist
government since World War II.

Abducted man dead
JERUSALEM - The body of a
Palestinian suspected of col-
laborating with the Israeli
government was found Saturday tied
to a utility pole, and another
Palestinian was killed during clashes
with soldiers in the West Bank,
Palestinian sources said. Masked
men abducted Asem Taiem, 28, from
his home Thursday, and Palestinian


"But Bush knows the U.S. doesn't
have the right to overthrow a bad
government in Panama any more
than invading Nicaragua or Zaire."
Despite the presence of 12,000
U.S. troops in Panama and high-
profile maneuvers by hundreds of
them this month, the Defense
Department says it is not trying to
spark a fight with Noriega, wanted
on drug-related charges in the United
States.
"What we are doing is not
confrontational. We are simply
exercising our rights. We have
notified the PDF (Panama Defense
Force) of these movements in
advance," spokesman Fred Hoffman
told reporters.
Nonetheless, the OAS officials
Wednesday night attacked the
maneuvers -- marked by several
tense encounters between troops
from the two countries -- as
"inopportune."
"It is essential to avoid the
possibility of an incident that, in the
present circumstances in Panama,
might thwart all efforts to achieve a
peaceful solution," an OAS report
said.
Last week U.S forces at one point
stormed through a Panamanian base
gate after disarming a guard.
But things have been quiet in
recent days, and Kurz and Eva Loser
of the Centre for Strategic and
International Studies in Washington
said the White House is probably
waiting to at least see what Noriega
does in the coming weeks.
"We are going to have to take the
long approach here," Kurz told
Reuters. "Remember the Shah in
Iran, (Anastasio) Somoza in
Nicaragua and (Ferdinand) Marcos
in the Philippines? We had egg on
our faces there, but we didn't run
them out with a gun."
Private military analyst Barry
Blechman said that while well-
equipped U.S. forces in Panama had
an advantage over that small
country's National Guard and
paramilitary troops, a shootout
could cost high casualties.
"A quick, clean snatch of Noriega
might work. But who knows what it
would set off?" said Blechman.
Analysts agreed the United States
would have to continue to be patient
in its efforts to pressure Noriega to
surrender power after charging him
with rigging the results of the May 7
Panamanian general election.
The Bush administration and a
number of other governments said
the election was won handily by
Noriega opponents.
"It's going to take continued
support of the opposition on such
matters as calling for the reopening
of (the opposition newspaper) La
Prensa," said Kurz. "The May
elections weren't the end of


sources said his body, found at
midday tied to a pole at the entrance
to the West Bank town of Kalkilya,
showed signs of severe beatings.
Protest march in D.C.
WASHINGTON - Thousands of
demonstrators marched in silent
protest Saturday to express their
outrage at recent Supreme Court
decisions they believe have eroded
the rights of minorities and women.
District of Columbia Park Police
estimated that 35,000 people took
part in the march, while Benjamin
Hooks, executive director of the
National Association for the


democracy in Panama, they were the
beginning."
"Most of all, it would be a major
mistake to view Noriega as a crude
bully who will suddenly begin
shooting his own people and give the
United States a chance to dump
him," he said.
A Pentagon intelligence analyst,
who asked not to be identified, said
Noriega was being careful to keep
Panamanian nationalism at the
centre of his control of the political
situation there.
"He represses opponents with
intimidation that produces fear, not
widespread outrage and defiance,"
the analyst said.


Peruwantstobuy

U.S. helicopters

tofight drug war

LIMA, Peru (Reuter) -- Peru
wants to buy a new fleet ot
helicopters from the United States
to bolster anti-drug drives, Sen.
Richard Lugar said Friday.
Lugar, who arrived in Peru
Wednesday as part of a nine-
nation Latin American tour, said
Defense Minister Julio Velasquez
Giacarini told him Peru was
seeking more U.S. military
hardware, including helicopters,
to strengthen anti-narcotics
efforts in main cocaine-producing
areas.
"He made a specific request for
helicopters. We've made no
commitment yet ... but
cooperation in that area is good,"
Lugar, an Indiana Republican,
told a news conference.
Lugar said Peru, the world's
biggest producer of coca, the raw
material for cocaine, was seeking
to buy helicopters on easy terms as
part of U.S. aid programs for anti-
drug efforts.
He did not say how many or
what kind of helicopters Peru
wanted.
Peru's security forces currently
use U.S. Huey helicopters to fight
both drug traffickers and leftist
rebels.
U.S. Drug Enforcement
Agency officials have helped
Peruvian anti-narcotics agents
eradicate coca but Lugar said he
saw little chance of U.S. troops
getting involved in local coca
eradication efforts.
"American military personnel
are not going to come unless
they're requested, and even then
only in a very limited capacity,"
said Lugar. "Personally I don't see
any chance of U.S. troop
involvement."


Advancement of Colored People,


Advancement of Colored People,
estimated the crowd to be 125,000.

Voyager 2 finds rings
PASADENA, Calif. -Voyager 2
discovered at least one and probably
three new rings of icy debris around
Neptune, giving the planet as many
as five such cosmic strands, along
with tumbling boulders of ice -
moonlets - imbedded in one ring
arc, scientists said Saturday. The
nuclear-powered Voyager 2 is
departing the solar system after
flying past Neptune and its moon
Triton Friday.


- -z-~Qpn-~
��41-




Full Text

PAGE 1

Gift of tle Panma Canal Umsem 01 the TropiC imes Vol. II, No. 30 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Aug. 28,1989 Bush sending$65m'Pxckage'to Colombia KENN EBUNK PORT, Maine Marlin Fitzwater announced Friday. to $2.5 million in security aid aimed Fitzwater said the money would be (AP) -President Bush authorized a Violence by drug gangs "threatens at helping the Colombians protect drawn from a special fund available $65-million "emergency anti-drug the very fabric" of life in Colombia, their judges, who have been the to the White House for emergency package" consisting largely of Fitzwater said, justifying the principal target for assassination by situations. Some $75 million is set helicopters and other transportation immediate aid, which includes the drug cartels, according to aside each year for such situations, equipment to help Colombia fight its military supplies. administration sources who spoke on about $10 million of which has been war against drug lords, spokesman The assistance will be in addition condition of anonymity. spent thus far this fiscal year, said another administration official. "The purpose is to get it there fast," Fitzwater said. Among the items being earmarked to the Colombian aid package are small arms, ammunition, spotter planes and communications equipment, he said. Meanwhile, the State Department was sending two Bell helicopters to the South American nation Friday to help police, spokesman Richard Boucher told reporters in Washington. "This is an intensive and courageous effort on the part of the Colombians, and one in which we are happy to be supportive. We will be happy to stand with the Colombian government and people as they deal with this problem," said Boucher. "The thing they really need is transport equipment" to conduct raids and ferret out the producers of illicit drugs that are shipped to the. United States illegally, said one source. Bush, asked on the golf course Friday whether he would send helicopters or other equipment to Colombia, said: "We're working on the problem. There's a lot going on on that front .We're working to accommodate President (Virgilio) Barco .We're working now with his people in Washington." WISH FOR WORLD PEACE -People release doves from Tokyo's Yasukuni Shrine with a wish for peace No military personnel were throughout the world, marking the 44th anniversary of the end of World War I earlier this month. (APLaserphoto) included in the recommendations. UN announces Contras to disband Sept. 6 UNITED NATIONS (AP) -The Managua and have conferred with disbanding and resettlement of the Target date setfor repatriating Nicaragua's Supreme Electoral U.S.-supported Contra rebels who Council, U.N. spokesman Francois fought Nicaragua's leftist actions in the countries of the region the first time the world body has Giuliani said. government for eight years will begin when they voluntarily seek it." monitored a national election in an Nicaragua pledged under the Sept. 6, officials announced Friday. U.N.officials have opened anoffice independent country. Central American peace agreement The secretary-general of the in Managua to observe voter About 10 civilian U.N. poll of 1987 to hold free and fair national Organization of American States, registration in Nicaragua. It will be watchers arrived Thursday in elections. Joao Clemente Baena Soares of Brazil, and U.N. Secretary-General Perez de Cuellar agreed at a meeting Friday to begin the work of the I n t e r n at i o n a 1 S up p o r t and by United Press International also reported the arrest of the son of with those who "hold a gun to our Verification Commission on that -one of the leaders of the Medellin heads," the minority white date, a U.N. statement said. Drug raid cartel, which is said to be responsible government Saturday defended its Perez de Cuellar also met with ROSLYN HEIGHTS, N.Y. -for 80 percent of the cocaine crackdown on a civil-disobedience Miguel d'Escoto, the Nicaraguan Federal agents raided a Long Island smuggled to the United States. campaign and three weeks of preforeign minister, about repatriating home Saturday and arrested a election violence that has killed at the 12,000 Contras now camped in Colombian couple, seizing $4 million Baltic disaster? least 60 people. "We have a clear Honduras with their families. in cash and smashing a ring they MOSCOW -The Communist message for the instigators of The Tela Declaration signed Aug. estimated laundered $350 million in Party Central Committee warned unrest," said acting President 7 by the presidents of Nicaragua, El cocaine proceeds for the powerful Saturday of "impending disaster" in Frederik de Klerk. "You will not Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Medellin cartel. Authorities the rebellious Baltic republics, saying succeed, we will not tolerate violence Guatemala called for the Contras to speculated that over the past seven in an urgent national television or revolution." be disbanded and repatriated or years the couple has laundered about broadcast that "things have gone too resettled in other countries over a $50 million annually in cocaine far." The unusual 20-minute three-month period ending in proceeds for the powerful Medellin declaration came three days afte StOry COIfeCU.Of September. cartel. more than 1 million people in El Salvador now wants its Central Troop seizure Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania COROZAL (Tropic Times) American neighbors to focus their formed a human chain across the An error appeared in Friday's attention on disbanding leftist rebels BOGOTA, Colombia -Army three Baltic republics in a massive story entitled "Morale calls make fighting its government troops and tanks occupied therule. PMLs easier to endure." The story The joint U.N.-OAS statement luxurious estates of suspected drug should have said "the specific alluded to that goal by saying the lords Saturday as President Virgilio Clear message times allo ed for morale ca6s are: Commission to be established Sept. 6 Barco put the nation on a war footing Monday through Friday, 6 p.m. also would seek to disband and in hopes of crushing a wave of terror JOHANNESBURG, South to 6 a.m. resettle "all those involved in armed unleashed by the criminals. Officials Africa -Vowing never to negotiate

PAGE 2

Tro climes Aug.48, 1989 I U.S. news Mourners demonstrate at Brooklyn murder site NEW YORK (UPI) -Family as the alleged attackers -followed were arraigned Saturday at State screamed profanities at the members of a black youth slain in a the march, shouting curses and racial Supreme Court in Brooklyn. marchers, while a white man tried to Brooklyn racial attack joined slurs. The alleged leader of the attack, charge the demonstrators but was hundreds of angry black activists "Go home, you .monkeys!" one Keith Mondelo, 18, was ordered held intercepted and held back by police. Saturday in a demonstration at the white man shouted at the marchers. on $100,000 bail. Four other youths, Godfrey Sandiford, one of the site where the victim died, but they About 100 other whites held a Steven Curreri, 18; James Pitino, 24; leaders of the march, said a young were taunted by white residents counter-demonstration, bearing Pasquale Raucci, 19; and Charles white man spat in his face at the end shouting profanities at the crowd. signs insisting "We Are Not Racist" Stressler, 21, were ordered held on of the march as he was about to As the demonstrators marched and "D o N o t M align the $75,000 bail. board a bus to leave the area. through the predominantly white Community." Mondello and Curreri were Raucci and Stressler were Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn led Police at the scene said there were charged with assault, riot, arraigned on all those charges except by the slain youth's two brothers, a no injuries or arrests. conspiracy, aggravated harassment, conspiracy.Pitino faced the assault, pack of about 30 white youths -Five of the white youths arrested in menacing and criminal possession of riot, harassment and menacing most of them in the same age group the murder of Yusuf Hawkins, 16, a deadly weapon -a baseball bat, charges. police said. Hawkins was shot to death Hawkins's funeral was scheduled Wednesday night on a Bensonhurst for noon Wednesday in Brooklyn. street in an attack by a gang of young Before the march Saturday about white men seeking revenge for. a 400 blacks held a -meeting at friend whose girlfriend spurned him Brooklyn's Slave Theater, where to date blacks and Hispanics, police Hawkins' parents thanked the said. audience for contributing $2,500 to a The gang was lying in wait with family fund. baseball bats outside a party for the Rev. Al Sharpton praised young woman's new friends. The Hawkins, calling him an "honor white youths apparently mistook student" who came from a "royal Hawkins and his three friends for the family." .young white woman's new friends, "Our children can't walk the police said. streets," Sharpton said. "We aren't Police said they were searching the violent, we don't want to cause city Saturday for an 18-year-old trouble. People say be careful, don't man, Joseph Fama, for questioning start trouble, but it's already about the attack. started." A police spokesman would not say As the march began, protesters whether Fama was the gunman in the walked to Bensonhurst's 62nd police Hawkins attack. precinct and chanted: "We want the The attack, seen as the worst racial murderer!" and "What do we want? incident in New York City since a Justice! When do we want it? Now!" black man was chased to his death by A crowd of whites lined up along white youths in Howard Beach, the march route and repeatedly Queens, in 1986, drew criticism from heckled the protesters, screaming across the city. SHOCKED BEAR --A n adult black bearfalls amid a hail of sparksfrom a "Sharpton sucks!" and "Free the Another link between the two power pole qfter being tranquilized by A lbuquerque, N.M. Game and Fish boys from Bensonhurst," a reference crimes emerged with the disclosure Department officers, who drew criticismforfalling to shut orprovideanet to the five whites arrested in the that one of Hawkins's friends the for the plummeting bear. The mother bear, which had been searchingfor her attack. night of the attack was a relative of lost cub survived the fall. (AP Laserphoto) A white woman in her late 20s with Michael Griffith, the victim of the four children clinging to her dress Howard Beach incident. Jury reviews Helmsley's tax returns Two disappear in NEW YORK (UPI) -The jury in The 69-year-old Helmsley, wife of personal income. recon desert flight Leona Helmsley's tax evasion trial billionaire real estate magnate Harry Leona Helmsley was on trial with CAMP PENDLETON, Calif. Saturday asked to review three years Helmsley, was charged in a 47-count L ca s w o tray (UPI) -A search Saturday failed to of tax returns filed by the self-styled indictment with billing some $4 JosephNLicar 5 ofaOs ay ia find a reconnaissance training plane hotel queen but failed to reached a million worth of renovations at the Cove, N.Y., her husband's financial with two crew~members aboard that verdict before it recessed for the day couple's Greenwich, Conn., mansion chsk, and Frank Turco, 45, of Lutz, disappeared on a three-hour training after eight hours of deliberations. and other personal expenditures as la.,s e s't te usines ng the flight over the Southern California The returns sought by the jury business expenses in order to evade desert, and military officials asked were for 1983, 1984 and 1985, the taxes from 1983 to 1985. Both Leona Helmsley and Turco for the public's help. three years for which Helmsley is Harry Helmsley also was charged were charged with extortion, a count The turboprop OV-10A Bronco accused of tax evasion. in the case but was severed after that carries up to 20 years in prison. left Camp Pendleton at 1:30 a.m. Helmsley, 69, was charged with Walker ruled that a series of small The other charges carry penalties Thursday on a routine training billing some $4 million worth of strokes left him with memory loss of three to five years each. mission. The craft, its pilot and an renovations at the couple's and unable to assist in his own Elizabeth Baum, a former observer, were declared missing at Greenwich, Conn., mansion as defense. He never once showed up at housekeeper for the Helmleys and 2:30 p.m., when a search was business expenses in order to evade the trial. one of 48 witnesses called to testify in launched. taxes from 1983 to 1985. A last-ditch defense tactic was to the trial, said Leona Helmsley told Maj. Jim McClain said military The U.S. District Court jury in bring in recent accountings that her, "We don't pay taxes. Only the officials have asked residents of the Manhattan began deliberations purported to show the Helmsley's little people pay taxes." desert area in the plane's range to be Saturday morning in the dramatic were actually owed $591,000 in tax alert for any sign of the craft. trial, which has captured national refunds for the three years in DeVita said the defense contention "We are most concerned," attention since it began eight weeks question because some of Harry that $1 million to the Helmsleys was McCnai said. "It is highly unusual ago. Helmsley's partnerships were not "peanuts" amounts to a defense that for a crew to be missing for this long Judge John Walker said the jurors properly depreciated. "they're too rich to be guilty, and with no contact. We want to find the will deliberate until 5:30 p.m. daily The prosecution dismissed it as an that's no defense." craft and any help would be but will be allowed to sit as late as 6 attempt to cloud the issue -that "There was a time in English appreciated." p.m. or 7 p.m. personal items, from her underwear History when there was something McClain said the crew was flying Walker said some jurors expressed to crossword puzzles -were paid for called sovereign immunity where the under visual flight rules and was not an interest in attending church by corporate entities, evading the tax queen could not be prosecuted," required to make radio contact with services Sunday morning, so a late that would have been levied if those DeVita said. "But we don't have any tower, except immediately after start was anticipated. expenses has been billed under sovereign immunity here. take-off. Commander-in-Chief .Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC .SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication Director, Public Affairs. Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff. .SSgt. Greg Markley is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is Executive Editor/ NCOIC .SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Managing Editor .Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft Program ofthe Department of Defense, under the supervision of AIC Randy Lawson the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command. Composing Room ..Rosemary Chong Contents of ihe Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view T Carolyn Coffey of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S. rthe ro p ic T im es Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002, Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.

PAGE 3

Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 3 U.S. news Homeless teens most neglected in U.S. BERKELEY, Calif. (UPI) -Of the teens in the Hollywood percent had lived a part of their lives instability. Often these kids' lives Teenagers living on the street are study, 79.3 percent had been in foster or group homes, she said. started being disrupted when they even more neglected than homeless homeless more than once, and 79.4 "The stereotype of the modern-day were 5 or 6 years old. Many had been adults and face a high risk of percent were living in "improvised Tom Sawyer who leaves home wards of the state. They were legally exploitation and death, researchers shelters," such as abandoned looking for adventure could not be entitled to the protection ofthe state, said Wednesday. buildings, vehicles and in the streets, further from the truth," Robertson but they weren't getting it when we "Adolescents living in abandoned Robertson said. said. saw them." buildings and parks -a neglected, While many of the youngsters "Homelessness seems to be part of While other studies have focused invisible and highly vulnerable group came from intact nuclear families, 57 a long pattern of residential on a more select group of teenagers -are being shut out of even the few found at clinics and shelters, the services available to the homeless," Berkeley researchers drew their said Marjorie Robertson of the sample from abandoned buildings, University of California at Berkeley's parks, alleys, fast-food restaurants, a School of Public Health. few services for the homeless and the Half the 13to 17-year-olds seedy Hollywood and Santa Monica Hafiedin the 13-lytod, Cyealofs boulevards. studied in the Hollywood, Calif., "Adolescents are not typically area attempted suicide, and only a y entitled to welfare benefits," handful used shelters, according to Robertson said. "Shelters are scarce the detailed analysis submitted to the and not required to take them. Nor National Institute on Alcohol Abuse atndAlohisitute are the young ones legally entitled to and Alcoholism. work." Of the 93 teens in the study, 48.4 A percent abused alcohol, "resembling ~.Although the majority was getting ipehavio ab d pralncof, useb some money from families, friends or in behavior and prevalence of abuse arate skid row sample of homeless adults in orttuto, p ahig atd of prostitution, panhandling and Los Angeles," Robertson said. drug dealing among the 93 teens, 60.2 Yet only a few were getting help or percent of whom were white and 61.3 treatment, and often they were percent of whom were male. denied shelter because of their "We were surprised to find young drinking problem. people with so few resources -some Although exact statistics remain of them were on the street for up to unknown, the number of homeless seven years -could survive at all," adolescents nationwide is estimated Robertson said. at I million to 1.3 million at some She called for "a new kind of point during the year, the National residence in the community" and a Network for Runaway and Youth study on "why so many children are Services said in Washington. MO VIEGOER -Alleged spy Felix Bloch is followed by a camera crew as falling out of the foster care system." Haefiese aildren Washingtonwell as FBI agents as he leaves a Washington, D.C., movie theater showing "These kids have no entitlement, H alf these children return home "When Harry Met Sally" earlier this month. The veteran U.S. diplomat is .proei nd fe optionsm"ns, after a few days on the street, the under suspicion of spying for the Soviet Union. (AP Laserphoto) no protection and few options, she organization said. said. Exxon plans special oil spill crew for winter VALDEZ, Alaska (UPI) -Exxon by Exxon falls short because it does around oil washed up from beaches. areas, Exxon will be ready with three has announced that it will maintain a not prepare for a major effort next Harrison said only winter field planes, four helicopters, four boats special crew on call through the year. work can determine what needs to be able to withstand rough seas and a Alaskan winter to handle "Exxon has made a major effort, done next year. still-unformed call-up force of emergencies in the worst oil spill in there's no question about that," "I don't know what it's going to workers. Oil containment boom also U.S. history, while the governor Cowper said. "But there's still a lot of look like in 1990," Harrison said of will be stashed at key locations, he demanded that the oil giant resume oil below the surface, there's a lot of the vast area hit by nearly I1 million said. its cleanup next spring. oil on the beaches and there's a lot of gallons of oil that spewed out of the Exxon claims to have cleaned 916 Exxon started shipping spill oil in the water." Exxon Valdez when it ran aground in miles of the 1,077-mile shoreline equipment to Anchorage warehouses Harrison asserted that Exxon the sound. identified as oil-tainted in Prince last week and will start demobilizing would finish the cleanup by the onset "Undoubtedly winter storms will William Sound and the Gulf of boats and work crews this week. By of wintry weather in September. He help," he said of beaches that may Alaska. Sept 15, there will be no Exxon acknowledged, however, that after still be tainted with oil. Harrison declined to discuss "how beach-cleaning crews remaining. that there may be a need to call up If storms fail to disperse lingering clean is clean," but said Exxon Exxon said it will mount a major emergency crews to collect tarballs oil and instead end up washing oil expects to leave waters and shores winter scientific study program and deploy containment booms toward fish hatcheries or sensitive stable and in good enough shape for designed to gauge the environmental animals to survive. effects of the March 24 spill off M edical devices fau y, group says Harrison said Exxon's winter southern Alaska in Prince William activities will include taking 12,000 Sound. The spill has killed tens of WASHINGTON (UPI) -At least monitors, silicone breast implants, samples for laboratory analysis of thousands of birds and otters. 35 makers of medical devices -from tampons and crutches. water and intertidal pools. The company hopes to put people wheelchairs to pacemakers -failed "It's interesting that people who "We'll be looking at the critters on oil-tainted shorelines every two to report deaths, injuries and lifesteal bread to provide for their who live there," he said. "We want to weeks to gather data and get a firstthreatening problems to the families can go to jail and these stand on the key beaches every two hand look at what winter storms may government, a public advocacy companies can hide reports in their weeks during the winter. be doing to subsurface oil remaining group charged last week. files and go on," said Dr. Sidney Exxon will move its Valdez spill on cleaned beaches. The Public Citizen Health Wolfe, director of the organization headquarters to Anchorage and Exxon announced it would keep a Research Group also alleged the founded by Ralph Nader. maintain a 300-person winter work special cleanup crew on call with a Bush and Reagan administrations Wolfe cautioned, however, the force of scientists and support staff. small fleet of boats and planes to have been "soft on industry" and as a cases in question involve a "fraction" Harrison said they would finish handle any emergencies. result the Food and Drug of the industry. The future plans were unveiled at a Amnsrto "fie toat Wlam GganFA burning its mounds of oily waste by Administration "failed to act William Grigg, an FDA the end of October at barge-mounted news conference by Otto Harrison, appropriately against these criminal spokesman, said the agency is incinerators. the company's Valdez cleanup violations of the law." looking into Public Citizen's At the cleanup's height this manager. He seemed to bow to state Katherine Meyer, a Public Citizen allegations. demands for a winter strike force to lawyer, said failure to report "The companies that make 50,000 11,000 people and a total of 1,385 handle lingering spill emergencies problems within five days is a different types and brands of medical vessels, most of them fishing boats. and appeared to retreat from what violation of a 1976 amendment to the devices make 15,000 reports a year was widely perceived as a total Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. and about 4 percent of these are Even as Harrison was announcing Exxon pullout by mid-September. Meyer said intentional failure can considered after analysis to be related the demobilization plan, transition Harrison refused to make a lead to a fine of $10,000 and three to a device failure," Grigg said. to winter programs and discussing commitment for cleanup plans next years in prison. "These have resulted in important future activities, the work force was year. But Alaska Gov. Steve Cowper Besides wheelchairs and recalls such as one correcting more being reduced, he said, and trucks reiterated the state's insistance that pacemakers, Public Citizen also cited than 11,000 artificial kidney were shipping the first of 1,700 Exxon resume cleanup next spring, problems with heart defibrillators, machines after a faulty valve resulted container-loads of material to saying that the winter cleanup plan infant respiration and heart in a death." Anchorage.

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4 Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 hemisphere Families, military to get drug assets MEDELLIN, Colombia (Reuter) army forces on the streets. The Defense Ministry says at least had been arrested. He did not -Colombia, defying an unpreceUnder Barco's new decrees, 141 properties, 150 aircraft, 1,141 identify them, however, and dented "declaration of war" by drug authorities have 72 hours to draw up cars and trucks, 30 yachts and 678 acknowledged that they were little barons, has ordered that their seized an inventory of assets impounded weapons have been seized and nearly more than lieutenants of the assets be awarded to the police, since the government launched its 11,000 people arrested since last country's top drug barons. justice ministry and a family welfare nationwide crackdown on drug week. Barco, speaking in halting English, agency among other beneficiaries. traffickers. None of the 12 traffickers on a said he anticipated more bloodshed President Virgilio Barco, invoking Owners ofconficated assets, few of "Dozen Most Wanted list that because of his government's state of siege powers, last week whom are expected to challenge the Washington has asked Colombia to crackdown on the drug trade but signed four decrees with provisions government, will be allowed five days extradite has been apprehended. reiterated his opposition to the use of for awarding millions of dollars' to demonstrate in court that they had In an interview with ABC U.S. troops to fight the traffickers worth of impounded properties and acquired any confiscated property television's "Primetime Live," Barco and their private armies. assets. legitimately. said three important drug traffickers Under the new decrees, in cases The measures supplemented an .where no proof of legitimate anti-drug emergency package ownership is available, the announced last week following the government will award the assassinations of a leading sumptuous homes of suspected drug presidential candidate, ajudge and a barons to a national family welfare police chief. institute. Barco's latest decrees appeared to Confiscated airplanes would go to be his only response to a toughlysecurity forces and a state airline, worded statement issued earlier by a V EN EZ UE L A farm and agricultural implements to shadowy group called the a national farm institute and arms, "Extraditables" declaring all-out war helicopters and two-way radios to on the government. the police and military. The group, associated with the Impounded cars, furniture, stocks notorious Medellin cartel which / ) and bonds, foreign currency and controls most of the world's cocaine, -Colombian pesos would be awarded threatened war against Colombia's e s -to the security police and a fund to industrial and political leadership. It provide security for judges. also singled out journalists, judges, .C Another decree ordered the business and trade union leaders country's governors to draw up a list "and all those who have persecuted ..of all rural airstrips within 15 days us in the past."N1T The astt.ment fromEwith an accompanying list of the The statement, from the same GANIA alee wesad stated purposes. group that claimed responsibility for The same decree orders security last year's killing of Attorney Thes decree odrse"uait forces to "make unusable" all General Carlos Mauro Hoyos, was unauthorized airstrips. issued hours after bombs blew up the u'oz U oisc offices of Colombia's two main Under Colombia's constitution all political parties in Medellin, hub of the emergency measures adopted the drug trade and Colombia's 7~over the past week have to be second-biggest city. EcU AD presented to the Supreme Court, A Defense Ministry spokeman in Colombia AMAZONAS B R A Z I L which must uphold their the capital, Bogota, acknowledged constitutionality. that an atmosphere of "expectation To protect the Supreme Court and anxiety" prevailed following the P ER U justices, the government has ordered "declaration of war." But he said the that their individual rulings on the situation was "relatively under issue of constitutionality not be made control." public. Despite the bomb attacks here More than 50 judges have been there was no sign of extra police or killed in Colombia this decade. KgpiN get 5 days to prove legitimate ownership BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) -The passerby. destroy the industries, the properties traffickers, Colombian leftist leaders government intensified its war on They also set fire to the weekend and the mansions of the oligarchy." are most prone to attack extradition. drugs, ordering cocaine traffickers to retreats of two prominent politicians Authorities have arrested three Roberto Pombo, a legal affairs surface and claim $200 million in on the outskirts of Medellin, an alleged drug traffickers as part of the analyst with the leading newspaper confiscated property or lose it. industrial city 215 miles north of crackdown, but the bosses of the El Tiempo, said he thought more Enraged dealers staged a series of Bogota and the base for the world's cocaine cartels are believed in hiding. people back extradition than oppose deadly bomb and arson attacks. biggest cocaine cartel. Barco, invoking powers granted to it, following the assassination of the Using emergency powers under a Families were sleeping in both him under a state of siege, issued ruling party's presidential candidate, four-year state of siege, President houses when gangs doused the decrees that reinstituted the principle Senator Luis Carlos Galan. Virgilio Barco issued a decree last structures with gasoline before dawn of extradition, suspended since 1987. Washington apparently wants week requiring owners of the seized and set them ablaze, authorities said. President Bush hailed the decision leading traffickers extradited property personally to make claims The families ran outside and were not as "a courageous move." because, according to a State for restitution and barring them from hurt. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh Department report to Congress last using real estate agents, lawyers or Two bombs, each containing said that Barco's decision "certainly March, it is doubtful that any major other fronts. about 45 pounds of dynamite, were pleases us" and added that the United drug baron can be brought to trial in Police and military agents have found at the Medellin offices of two States wants the extradition of about Colombia, given the bribery and seized hundreds of luxurious national radio networks and a dozen kingpins whom he said intimidation ofjudges. mansions, ranches, office buildings, deactivated. control the far-flung international "It is virtually impossible to arrest shops and restaurants across the At one of the stations the bombers operations of the drug cartels. and convict major drug traffickers country along with airplanes, left a communique saying: "We An issue with nationalistic (in Colombia) because it has been helicopters, cars, trucks and other declare total and absolute war on the overtones, the subject of extradition corrupted by a combination of items in an unprecedented offensive. government, on the industrial and divides Colombians, and the topic threats and bribes from traffickers, Defense Ministry officials put the political oligarchy, on the journalists has affected relations with known in Spanish as 'plata o plomo' total value of the goods at about $200 who have attacked and ravaged us, Washington as it seeks to bring drug (silver or lead)," it said. million. on the judges who have sold out to barons to trial in the United States. Colombia's judges began a strike The government crackdown began the government, on the extraditing Barco could test Colombian earlier this month to demand more last week after the assassinations of magistrates, on the labor union nationalism and the reaction to government protection following the Luis Carlos Galan, a popular presidents and all those who have extradition as early as this week. assassination of an appeals court arges in the United States and the persecuted and attacked us." If Barco decides actually to judge who upheld an arrest warrant Colombian government promised to The communique was signed by extradite any arrested trafficker to for reputed Medellin cartel leader extradite any who are arrested. The Extraditables, a violent group the United States, he must deal with Pablo Escobar. Early Thursday, traffickers authorities link to the Medellin those Colombian public figures who The United States has been infuriated by the crackdown bombed cartel. balk at extradition as a breach of working for months on anti-drug offices of the Liberal and "We will not respect the families of national sovereignty. programs for Colombia, especially Conservative party offices in those who have not respected our To judge by the published programs to protect its judicial downtown Medellin, killing a families," it said. "We will burn and reactions to Barco's crackdown on system.

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Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 5 hemisphere Bolivia, Peru fear Colombian spillover LA PAZ, Bolivia (Reuter) -diplomat told Reuters: "The Peru and Bolivia produce 90 back to Medellin and Cali, homes of Bolivia and Peru, the world's major Peruvian authorities are worried and percent of the world's coca, the raw the notorious drug cartels, diplomat coca producing countries, fear the force of events might lead them to material for cocaine, according to the sources said. Colombia's crackdown on drug fight the drug traffickers." U.S. Drug Enforcement AdministraLast March, U.S. and Peruvian traffickers could force the dealers to Colombia's neighbors, including tion. Colombia is the leading refiner anti-drug experts sprayed a cross into their territory in a search Peru and Ecuador, have launched a of the drug. controversial herbicide, known as for new havens for their laboratories, coordinated military operation along Ecuador, although not a coca Spike, over part of the Upper diplomats say. their frontiers in a bid to keep out producer, has been used by Huallaga coca field, local officials The massive hunt for drug drug traffickers linked to the Colombian drug traffickers as a said. traffickers and new threats in the allassassinations of three leading route point to send drugs to the Shortly after, leftist guerrillas out fight against the cocaine barons Colombian public figures last week United States and Europe due to lax allied with drug traffickers attacked a could unleash a smugglers' backlash from crossing into those countries, a local controls at ports and airports, police post in the cocaine-producing and force those countries to change foreign ministry source in Bogota diplomats said. area of Tingo Maria, killing 13 their stance of not allowing U.S. said. In 1988, former U.S. Attorney people, includimg at least 10 troops on their soil, they say. A subsequent crackdown, in which General Edwin Meese proposed that policemen. Both the new Bolivian President 11,000 criminal suspects were the major coca producing countries The attack on the Uchiza town Jaime Paz Zamora and Peru's arrested by the C olomb ian form a multinational force to combat highlighted the Peruvian authorities President Alan Garcia have refused government, led newspapers in Lima the drug trade. Bolivia disagreed fears that Maoist Shining Path to allow the presence of U.S. troops to ask for an increase in joint efforts with the idea, diplomats said at the (Sendero Luminoso) guerrillas were to help the fight against the drug between Peru, Colombia, Bolivia time. aiding drug traffickers in exchange lords. and the United States in their war DEA agents are carrying out a for a "protection tax," Peruvian Former Bolivian president Victor against the drug trade. But they have joint-effort with Peru to stamp out security sources said. Paz Estenssoro allowed U.S. troops not hinted they want U.S. troops in the drug trade, which has its main Shining Path and the smaller to lend logistical support to his their territory. fields in the central Upper Huallaga guerrilla group, the pro-Cuban government's anti-drug drive The Bush administration has said River Valley. Tupac Amaru Revolutionary between July and September 1986. that it would send U.S. They also help Peruvian forces Movement, are known to vie for the The move triggered a wave of antitroops to those drug-producing pounce on drug traders before they estimated $150 million a year the American feelings among Bolivians. countries if their governments load the basic coca paste onto drug trade pays for protection, the In Lima, a Latin American requested help. Colombian light planes on their way source said. Venezuelan austerity brings deepening recession CARACAS, Venezuela (Reuter) be deeply negative," Pedro Palma, an Inflation in the three months to Despite initial measures in -Six months into office President economist and consultant, told July fell steadily as the measures February that raised gasoline and Carlos Andres Perez is sticking Reuters. began to work, economists said. transport prices, the government still firmly to his austerity policies, which Perez's policies of lifting state But consumers' purchasing power controls prices of many essential led to price riots in February, but subsidies and freeing price controls plunged, devouring profits in the goods with subsidies, economists Venezuela faces deepening recession, to liberalize the economy provoked main car assembly, textile and said. economists say. riots three weeks after he took office agriculture industries, they added. It will have to impose further price "I think the (austerity) package is Feb. 2, and nearly 300 people were Only a government decree increases on the 18 million working but the impact this year will killed. prohibiting mass firings has kept population at the risk of provoking people at work. another burst of riots, they added. Gross Domestic Product, a Palma and other economists have measure of a country's wealth, is forecast inflation of between 80 and expected to shrink in Venezuela this 90 percent this year, which would be year, after expanding by 5.7 percent the highest in Venezuela's history. last year, economists said. Much of that increase is attributed to The days when many middle-class sharp rises in March and April after Venezuelans would regularly fly to the measures took effect. Miami for weekend shopping trips The success of the austerity are over. Many residents who were program will also depend on financially comfortable last year, Venezuela reaching an agreement to now say they fear they cannot keep reduce its foreign debt owed to up their mortgage payments. commercial banks under the so"The government has yet to called Brady Plan, economists said. achieve a freeing of prices," said Perez has called for a 50 percent FOOD RIOTS -New price increases in Venezuela could trigger morefood Domingo Felipe Maza Zabala, an reduction in the amount owed to the riots such as in February when looters sacked supermarkets. (AP economics professor at Caracas's banks, which account for most ofthe Laserphoto). Central University. $29 billion foreign debt. Noriega aide linked to Colombian mercenaries? JERUSALEM (Reuter) -shipping arms to Iran to win freedom As the group known as "The chief executive, his former army Allegations that Israelis are training for U.S. hostages. Extraditables" also threatened commander, "promised that the private armies for Colombian drug Specialists in the field said most of journalists, judges, business and company would operate only with barons could harm the Jewish state's the registered companies had the trade union leaders, Israel Thursday countries and bodies that were image by exposing the seamier side of blessing of the Israeli government dissociated itself from its citizens internationally recognized." its vaunted defense expertise. but several operators, tempted by reported to be working for the Israeli and U.S. television gave There are about 800 registered action and big money, drifted outside Medellin drug cartel. prominent coverage Thursday to a Israeli firms dealing in military the law. The Defense Ministry said it former Israeli intelligence agent who knowledge and arms exports -a Israeli police have sought rejected a request from a security has close ties to Panamanian large industry built up by former Colombian and U.S. help in consulting firm -whose president strongman Manuel Antonio army commanders and intelligence checking charges first made by NBC was reported by Israeli media to be Noriega. agents, according to Israeli television that Israeli and South training hit-squads -to operate in NBC said Colombian and U.S. government officials. African instructors were working for Colombia. authorities were investigating cocaine tycoons by training hitAn official statement added: "The whether the ex-agent had any role in "Thegreatestdamageisthatrather squads in secret Colombian Ministry of Defense has not training and equipping the drug than being known as producers in hideouts. permitted any Israeli to transfer barons' gunmen in Colombia. agriculture, in genetics, in medicine, Israeli television named one of the military knowledge or train anybody There have been widespread our trademark is the security men in NBC's film as an army reserve or element not subject to government reports of Israelis training the business whether weapons or colonel who heads a defense and control (of that country) and this Nicaraguan Contra rebels and support systems," former Mossad security firm. obviously refers also to Colombia." providing personal security for secret service head Meir Amit told Colombian drug traffickers Israel Television quoted a retired African and Latin Americanheads of army radio, wanted by the United States declared Israeli army officer involved with the state. The officials said Israel introduced "total war" on the Bogota security company as denying Israeli security firms also work as more stringent regulations for government Thursday and bombs allegations it transferred any military consultants for several major airlines security firms in 1986 following the blew up the offices of the country's knowledge to elements in Colombia. to prevent air piracy and the Irangate scandal, which embarrassed two main political parties in the drug The television quoted him as smuggling of bombs on board the government over its role in capital, Medellin. saying he joined the firm because its aircraft.

PAGE 6

6 Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 military news Congress to debate defense protectionism WASHINGTON (AP) -After Alan Dixon, D-Ill., a member of Phillips and others is that the Penta"It could be disastrous to our working itself into a "Buy American" both the Senate Armed Services and gon might be unable to get necessary national security, if we assume we frenzy over co-production of a jet Banking committees. components for its weapons systems can 'go it alone' technologically," fighter with Japan, Congress again "Yet, until recently, little has been if foreign supplies are cut off. Carlucci said. faces a new protectionism battle over done to shape practical solutions," "The general consensus is we are renewing an obsure, 39-year-old law Dixon said last month. becoming dependent on foreign The House Banking, Finance and on weapons purchases. The Center for Strategic and sources for some very important Urban Affairs subcommittee on The Defense Production Act of International Studies found that pieces of our military hardware," economic stabilization is weighing 1950 gives the president power to from 1982 to 1987 the number of U.S. Phillips said in an interview last amendments to the law that would limit or prohibit the acquisition of companies supplying goods to the week. require the president to limit foreign foreign products. The Korean War Defense Department dropped from "The q u e stio n s are h ow participation in defense manufacturera legislation also gives the 118,000 to 38,000. dependent, how fast and whether or ing and provide financial assistance government authority to subsidize William G. Phillips, president of not that dependency is leading to a to medium-size and small U.S. industries, including those that the National Council for Industrial critical vulnerability if we lose that companies. produce goods for the Pentagon. Defense, said the Pentagon's reliance foreign source," he said. The measure sponsored by Rep. Nearly four decades later, on foreign companies has become a But former Defense Secretary Mary Rose Oakar, D-Ohio, would lawmakers are hoping to use renewal major concern for about 5 million Frank C. Carlucci in congressional limit products for new and existing of the law, which expires Sept. 30, to members of labor unions and hearings last month cautioned weapons to those from manufacinfuse life into the depressed U.S. employees of companies represented lawmakers that strict protectionist turers and assembly plants in the defense industrial base and limit by his group. legislation would "invite retaliation" United States. The practice would be foreign sources for weapons The argument most raised by from U.S. trading partners. phased in over five years. components. U.Sedeestmanufactures ofs DoD attempts change in data storage on the heels of a rancorous debate earlier this year over co-production WASHINGTON (AP) -The computerized databases. For the Air Force, he said, these agreement of the FSX fighter, an Pentagon is quietly moving ahead The cost for technical data lead systems are the Advanced advanced version of the F-16. with a plan to wean bureaucrats, delivered with military hardware Tactical Fighter and the B-2 Stealth Opponents of the FSX transaction battleships and bombers from ranges from 10 percent to 30 percent bomber; for the Navy, the A-12 charged that it would "shut down unwieldy stacks of printed of the total weapon system price tag. attack aircraft and SSN-21 Seawolf American industries" by handing the paperwork and convert them to Add to that the millions of dollars class attack submarine; and for the Japanese vital U.S. technology. compact, cost-effective computer that must be spent, year after year, to Army, the LHX helicopter and MlHowever, congressional efforts to disks. keep the manuals up to date. A2 tank. prevent the U.S.-negotiated deal or The effort comes in response to a To spearhead the conversion of Lepisto acknowledged that there impose conditions failed. weighty problem: a modern Navy printed data to electronic form, the had been some problem weaning Next month, defense industry warship carries 15 to 25 tons of Defense Department in September military personnel as well as defense woes and the increasing use of operating, maintenance and repair 1985 launched a program called contractors from reliance on foreign suppliers for weapons manuals; the B-lB bomber has Computer-Aided Acquisition and traditional paper documents. components moves to the forefront generated 1 million pages of how-to Logistics Support, or CALS. "We're talking about a major again. documentation. Bruce Lepisto, deputy director of cultural change here," he said. "Some "The problem has been a subject of The Pentagon says the campaign the Pentagon's CALS Policy Office, people are overly anxious and want numerous defense, industry, could reduce the lifetime cost of said each of the military services has to rush in. And some people feel that Government Accounting Office and major weapons by up to 20 percent selected particular weapons to lead better is the enemy of good enough. congressional reviews since the midby converting masses of printed the way in carrying out the 1970s," said Sen. technical information into computerization effort. Wha e dre implement nd certa nl there are going to be people that want Texas city fights testing on 'The Bomb' to go either faster or slower." Paul N. Pechersky, co-chairman of WASHINGTON (AP) -A south offered us any guarantees, nor can nuclear or radioactive devices. the CALS Industry Steering Group, Texas city is fighting to protect the they, that if our water supply was Jack M. Bachkosky, director of representing hundreds of defense springs that make it a desert oasis adversely affected, the federal plans, programs and requirements contractors, said, "We're still in the from a Pentagon proposal to rock a government would step in and for the defense agency, said the tests very early stages. This is a massive nearby ranch with a series of massive correct the situation," he said. are "important to the continued undertaking. From my own personal underground explosions. Mexico also has expressed concern credibility and viability of our perspective, I think we're doing very The proposed explosions on the to U.S. officials about the potential strategic deterrent." well." Buck King Ranch near Del Rio, impact of the explosions near the "The first several years have been Texas, are an important element in border, said Leonardo French, a "As an agency, our primary devoted to trying to get our act U.S. strategic deterrent capabilities, spokesman for the Mexican responsibility to the Department of together -to decide what we want to says the Defense Nuclear Agency. Embassy. Defense is to ensure the survivability do and how we want to do it. And The non-nuclear explosions are Defense Nuclear Agency officials, of our strategic assests and the more importantly, to try and get designed to simulate the impact of however, say a final decision to effectiveness of those same assets agreement on some of the early nuclear blasts on subterranean conduct the tests hinges on geological when used against anyone who might digital (information) exchange missile silos and military command and environmental assessments of threaten our security," he said. standards that have to be put in centers. the area that are not yet completed. Del Rio officials were told the place," he said. But 12,000 of the 40,000 Del Rio The agency spent two years purpose of the tests was to Pechersky, corporate director of residents have signed petitions asking choosing the site 25 miles north of "determine the survivability of management information systems the agency to take its explosives Del Rio for the graduated series of underground missile silos and for E-Systems Inc. in Dallas, said the elsewhere. They say they don't want explosions. foreign missile silos and other program is "evolutionary, not to take any chances with the Texas The explosions would start with a underground military facilities," revolutionary. We'll see various border city's only source of water, the 1,000-pound charge in 1990, Pomeranz said. implementations of CALS well into San Felipe Springs. increasing to 470 tons -equivalent But Del Rio residents say water in the year 2000." "We depend on San Felipe Springs to 300 tons of TNT -in November West Texas is more important. Last The CALS program involves for survival," says City Manager 1992. week they became even more skittish development of standardized text Jeffrey Pomeranz. "The city of Del Defense spokeswoman Cheri when an underground cave-in and image formats so that electronic Rio is not willing to play a what-if Abdelnour said the tests would be contaminated their water with an data can be readily exchanged game with our water and the future of p e r f o r me d w it h t he s a me unknown substance, forcing them to between a wide variety of different our city. conventional explosives used by the drink boiled or bottled water for two computer systems within the military "No one in Washington has mining industry, and do not involve days. and at defense contractors. Soviet pilots dazzle spectators with airshow featuring Blackjack MOSCOW (AP) -Another the highly publicized defection of a Although Western air attaches military affairs. More than 150,000 barrier fell to glasnost last week as fighter pilot, the Soviet Air Force who attended said they saw little that people saw the supersonic Blackjack the Soviets revealed to their own may have needed some good was new, the "Aviation-Sports bomber. people and the rest of the world the publicity. Holiday" was clearly in line with the According to Jane's "All the deadliest weapon in their Air Force In a dazzling three-hour air show policy of glasnost, or openness, World's Aircraft 1988-9,"the Soviets arsenal -the needle-nosed strategic -the country's first in more than 20 pursued by the Kremlin under are expected to build at least 100 bomber NATO calls the Blackjack. years -it aimed to show Soviet and President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Blackjacks at a new complex in Plagued by a chain of recent foreign doubters that it still very which has also brought an easing of Kazan. Eleven had been completed mishaps, including plane crashes and much has the right stuff. the once-obsessive secrecy about by 1988, Jane's said.

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Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 sports Valvano to step down as Wofpack athletic director RALEIGH (AP) -Jim Valvano Trustees and N.C. State opportunity to remain eligible has change his views on academics, affirmed Friday night he will step Chancellor Bruce Poulton were been pursued." adding, "If I had something to do down as athletic director at North basically supportive of Valvano's Valvano said he was willing to over, it would be that aspect of it." Carolina State, but he vowed to work as coach, saying they saw little remain the head basketball coach in evidence that allegations of grade an effort to help solve some admitted changing, lavish gifts to athletes or academic problems. drug abuse in Peter Golenbock' "If I was part of the problem, one book "Personal Fouls" had of the reasons I'm here today is occurred. because I want very much to be part "I don't think they (trustees) have of the solution," Valvano said in a any serious doubts about him news conference after learning remaining coach and I hope he does," University of North Carolina Chairman John Gregg said. President C.D. Spangler had "We have been for the last eight recommended he leave the athletic months studied and restudied" director's post by Dec. 31. without evidence of wrongdoing, Valvano would only say he was said Poulton, who announced his aware of the December deadline resignation Monday in an effort to imposed by the committee, adding, curb negative publicity he said was "So I fully expect to work with them personally directed at him. to implement that decision." Once more Poulton lamented Valvano defended the job he had what he called the "daily outpouring done as athletic director, but he said of hatred .for the seven years that I he understood the reasons for have been chancellor." Spangler's recommendation, which Poulton lauded Valvano's came after a six-month investigation performance as athletic director, sparked by a book about alleged saying the N.C. State coaches had improprieties in the N.C. State sent him a letter pleading that basketball program. Valvano remain on the job. "Whether it's true or not, there can There seemed to be little question be an appearance of a conflict there," that Valvano had neglected the he said. "And in today's athletic academic side of things as a coach, world, you've got to remove that." but most officials said he would Valvano's comments came change the philosophy that caused moments after the N.C. State Board problems in the past. of Trustees accepted a report from Poulton noted Valvano believes Spangler and the UNC Board of basketball players ought to be Governors recommending 14 ways to evaluated as basketball players alone TWIN TOWERS -Chris Perry (right),, a 6-foot-1O, 413-pound tacklefor strengthen academic performance and that he had manipulated rules to the Covington, La. High Schoolfootball team, towers over his 6-foot-3 among athletes at all 15 UNC schools help athletes. He said there were with athletic programs. many case s where every younger brother Adam during a recent practice. (AP Laserphoto) Preseason college football poll selects Michigan No. 1 ANN ARBOR, Michigan (AP) -left off -No. I in the country. losing season in 50 years, is ranked Asked if the preseason ranking Michigan's football team is picking Five months after, winning the I1th. Next are Clemson, Syracuse, puts more pressure on his team, up where Michigan's basketball team NCAA basketball championship, the Colorado, Oklahoma, Alabama, Schembechler said: "Being No. 1 Wolverines are the preseason pick as West Virginia, Arizona, Brigham doesn't bother me. The writers Baseball Standings the nation's top collegefootballteam Young, Pittsburgh, Houston, probably like us or they wouldn't As of Aug. 27 in The Associated Press'Top 25 poll. Illinois, Iowa, North Carolina State have voted that way. Of course, we Michigan received 23 first-place and Ohio State. may or may not be that good." AM ERICAN votes and 1,439 points to edge The AP is expanding its rankings Two of Michigan's top three East Division defending national champion Notre from 20 to 25 teams this season. Sixty quarterbacks were recently declared W L Pet. GB Dame. The Fighting Irish, who visit sports writers and sportscasters vote ineligible, but the Wolverines still Baltimore 70 60 .538 -Ann Arbor on Sept. 16, were ranked in the weekly poll, which awards 25 have senior Michael Taylor, who Toronto 68 61 .527 1 1/2 No. 1 on 20 ballots and received points for first place, 24 for second started the first nine games last Milwaukee 65 66 .496 5 1 /2 ',7 ons.ads n season before breaking his Bostok 63 65 .4926 / The only other teams receiving Although most of Michigan's collarbone. Boston 63 65 .492 6 first-place votes were Nebraska (10), starters return from last year's 9-2-1 Cleveland 61 68 .473 8 1/2 Miami (4), Southern California (1) Rose Bowl champion team, Coach This is the second time Michigan New York 58 73 .443 12 1/2 and Florida State (2). Bo Schembechler is downplaying has been ranked No. 1 in the AP Detroit 47 84 .359 23 1/2 Nebraska is ranked third, followed talk of a national title. preseason poll, which started in 1950. West Division by Miami, Southern Cal, Florida "I don't care about all that," he The Wolverines also were the top W L Pet. GB State, Louisiana State, Auburn, said. "We're going to try to have a pick in 1981, but they lost their Oakland 78 52 .600 -UCLA and Arkansas. year like last year. We had a lot of opener to Wisconsin, went 9-3 and California 76 52 .594 1 Penn State, coming off its first heartaches, but we had a lot of fun." finished 12th in the final rankings. Trumbull, Conn. takesLittleLeague WorldSeries Texas 67 60 .528 9 1/2 Minnesota 64 64 .500 13 SOUTH WILLIAMSPORT, Pa. "You saw it on the field," Galla the third and held their edge. Seattle 57 71 .445 20 (UPI) -A never-say-die said. "They don't know how to lose. "We played our game," Martin Chicago 55 74 .426 22 1/2 Connecticut team won the 1989 They didn't care who they were said. "We did what we had to do to Little League World Series playing today. The kids were more win it. We deserved it. We worked NATION AL Saturday, holding Taiwan to five hits confident and they were a little more our butts off to get here. Teams have East Division in a 5-2 victory that ended the Far aggressive today with their bats than got out in front early on us before, W L Pet. GB East's five-year dominance of the they had been in previous games. We and we've always come back." Chicago 72 57 .558 -small-scale baseball classic. made a few things happen today that Taiwan Coach Chin-Ming Wu St. Louis 70 58 .547 1 1/2 Manager Tom Galla said he had we weren't able to do the last couple said his team may have been affected Mntrl 70 59 .543 2 no doubts his Trumbull, Conn., team of days." by a crowd of more than 40,000 and a Montreal 70 59 .543 2 would win the championship. Trumbull had stranded 20 runners large television audience. New York 69 59 .439 2 1/2 "I knew we were a team of in their two World Series games, "The big crowd made them Pittsburgh 56 72 .438 15 1/2 destiny," Galla said. "It's a miracle when they defeated Davenport, nervous," Wu said through a Philadelphia 52 76 .406 19 1/2 we were here to begin with. We had Iowa, on Tuesday and San Pedro, translator. West Division to win this game." Calif., on Thursday. "His (Chien-Chih Lee's) W L Pct. GB His players did. Ken Martin Calif, on ay performance before was very good. San Francisco 74 55 .574 -homered and drove in three runs and Drury, using an effective fastball But today I guess he wasn't ready." Houston 69 60 .535 5 Chris Drury pitched a five-hitter to and changeup, struck out two and Trumbull advanced to the San Diego 65 64 .504 9 lead Trumbull to the title with a 5-2 walked four to pick up his second championship game by defeating Cincinni 62 67 .41 12 victory over Kaohsiung, Taiwan. victory in the weeklong series. ChienSan Pedro 6-3 to take the American Cincinnati 62 67 .481 12 The last U.S. victory came when a Chih Lee took the loss, title. Kaohsiung reached the final Los Angeles 61 68 .73 13 team from Marietta, Ga., won the Taiwan was leading 1-0 early in the Thursday with a 13-0 whitewash of Atlanta 52 77 .403 22 title in 1983. game, but Trumbull went ahead in Maracaibo, Venezuela.

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8 Tropic Times Aug. 28, 1989 Washington may be stuck with Noriega WASHINGTON (Reuter) -to relinquish power Sept. 1. "But Bush knows the U.S. doesn't democracy in Panama, they were the Despite U.S. military posturing and "No matter how annoying a thug have the right to overthrow a bad beginning." this week's failed diplomatic push to Noriega is, everybody knows he has government in Panama any more "Most of all, it would be a major oust Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, been Washington's thug for years. than invading Nicaragua or Zaire." mistake to view Noriega as a crude experts doubt the United States is We can't go for a quick fix," said Rob Despite the presence of 12,000 bully who will suddenly begin ready to shoot it out with Panama's Kurz of the Brookings Institution. U.S. troops in Panama and highshooting his own people and give the strongman. "If President Bush wanted to profile maneuvers by hundreds of United States a chance to dump Instead, defense and political kidnap or overthrow Noriega, I think them this month, the Defense him," he said. analysts said, Washington may be he could do it with surprisingly little Department says it is not trying to A Pentagon intelligence analyst, stuck with Noriega for an uncertain bloodshed or criticism from Latin spark a fight with Noriega, wanted who asked not to be identified, said future after the Organization of America," said Piero Gleijeses at the on drug-related charges in the United Noriega was being careful to keep American States announced Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy States. Panamanian nationalism at the Wednesday it had not persuaded him Institute. "What we are doing is not :entre of his control of the political confrontational. We are simply situation there. exercising our rights. We have "He represses opponents with notified the PDF (Panama Defense intimidation that produces fear, not Force) of these movements in widespread outrage and defiance," advance," spokesman Fred Hoffman the analyst said. told reporters. Nonetheless, the OAS officials Wednesday night attacked the P maneuvers -marked by several tense encounters between troops U.S. c from the two countries -as "inopportune." tofight drug war "It is essential to avoid the possibility of an incident that, in the LIMA, Peru (Reuter) -Peru present circumstances in Panama, wants to buy a new fleet ot might thwart all efforts to achieve a helicopters from the United States -peaceful solution," an OAS report to bolster anti-drug drives, Sen. said. Richard Lugar said Friday. Last week U.S forces at one point Riar Lua aid iay. stormed through a Panamanian base Wednesday as part of a nineVICTIMS REBURIED -A coffin containing the bones of the five gate after disarming a guard. nation Latin American tour, said suspected victims of cannibal A Iferd Packer are lowered into their grave But things have been quiet in Defense Minister Julio Velasquez site last week near Lake City, Colo. (AP Laserphoto) recent days, and Kurz and Eva Loser Giacarini told him Peru was of the Centre for Strategic and seeking more U.S. military P erez asks C ab etInternational Studies in Washington hardware, including helicopters, Perez asks Cabinet to resign, said the White House is probably t teghnat-actc waiting to at least see what Noriega to strengthen anti-narcotics announces new body of advisers does in the coming weeks. efforts in main cocaine-producig "We are going to have to take the areas. CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) -monopoly Petroleos de Venezuela, long approach here," Kurz told "He made a specific request for President Carlos Andres Perez asked S.A., which provides more than 90 Reuters. "Remember the Shah in helcopters. We've made no his entire Cabinet to resign and percent of Venezuela's foreign Iran, (Anastasio) Somoza in commitment yet .but Saturday announced a new body of exchange earnings. Nicaragua and (Ferdinand) Marcos cooperation in that area is good," advisers, naming a new foreign New ministers will be sworn in in the Philippines? We had egg on Lugar, an Indiana Republican, minister but keeping his economic Sunday, when the 2.8 million our faces there, but we didn't run told a news conferdnce. team. members of the governing them out with a gun." Lugar said Peru, the world's A Presidential Palace spokesman Democratic Action Party hold Private military analyst Barry biggest producer of coca, the raw confirmed Perez's close friend, nationwide primaries to choose Blechman said that while wellmaterial for cocaine, was seeking Reinaldo Figueredo, is replacing candidates for December guberequipped U.S. forces in Panama had to buy helicopters on easy terms as Enrique Tejera Paris as foreign natorial and municipal elections. an advantage over that small partofU.S.aidprogramsforantiminister. This is the first time Venezuelans country's National Guard and drug efforts. He also said Finance Minister will vote for governors of the 20 paramilitary troops, a shootout He did not say how many or Eglee Iturbe and Energy Minister states and two federal territories, could cost high casualties. what kind of helicopters Peru Celestino Armas will keep their who previously were appointed by "A quick, clean snatch of Noriega wanted. portfolios. the president. might work. But who knows what it us security forces currently "The decision has been taken not The most significant change would set off?" said Blechman. use U.S. Huey helicopters to fight to make any changes in the economic announced Saturday, naming Analysts agreed the United States both drug traffickers and leftist Cabinet posts," the spokesman told Figueredo to the Foreign Ministry, would have to continue to be patient rebels. reporters at the central town of comes after Venezuela suffered a in its efforts to pressure Noriega to U.S. Drug Enforcement Miraflores. humiliating diplomatic defeat surrender power after charging him Agency officials have helped Perez praised the outgoing Thursday, when the Organization of with rigging the results of the May 7 Peruvian anti-narcotics agents Cabinet in his statement but said it American States decided to suspend Panamanian general election. eradicate coca but Lugar said he was time for a "reorganization" -the its mediation in Panama. The Bush administration and a saw little chance of U.S. troops first since he was inaugurated Feb. 2. Perez is a highly vocal foe of Gen. number of other governments said getting involved in local coca In other changes, Agriculture Manuel Antonio Noriega, the de the election was won handily by eradication efforts. Minister Fanny Bello was replaced facto leader of Panama. Venezuela Noriega opponents. "American military personnel by Raul de Armas, Transport had sponsored a strongly worded "It's going to take continued are not going to come unless Minister Gustavo Rada by Elias resolution against Noriega, only to support of the opposition on such they're requested, and even then Osuna and Health Minister Felipe see it watered down by other matters as calling for the reopening only in a very limited capacity," Bello by Manuel Adrianza. organization members to a point of (the opposition newspaper) La said Lugar. "Personally I don't see The palace spokesman said no where it no longer called for Prensa," said Kurz. "The May any chance of U.S. troop changes will be made in the state oil Noriega's departure from power. elections weren't the end of involvement." Soviet official to meet with the sources said his body, found at Advancement of Colored People, W alesa, U.S. meeting premier since he was elected to head midday tied to a pole at the entrance estimated the crowd to be 125,000. Poland's first non-communist to the West Bank town of Kalkilya, by United Press International government since World War II. showed signs of severe beatings. Voyager 2 finds rings GDANSK, Poland -Solidarity Protet h' D C leader Lech Walesa, meeting with Abducted man dead es marc i D. .PASADENA, Calif. -Voyager 2 U.S. officials following the WASHINGTON -Thousands of discovered at least one and probably movement's sudden rise to power, JERUSALEM -The body of a demonstrators marched in silent three new rings of icy debris around said Saturday that Poles were Palestinian suspected of colprotest Saturday to express their Neptune, giving the planet as many becomingimpatientbecauseofrising laborating with the Israeli outrage at recent Supreme Court as five such cosmic strands, along poverty and urged Washington to government was found Saturday tied decisions they believe have eroded with tumbling boulders of ice speed aid to Warsaw. The meeting to a utility pole, and another the rights of minorities and women. moonlets -imbedded in one ring coincided with talks in Warsaw Palestinian was killed during clashes District of Columbia Park Police arc, scientists said Saturday. The between new Prime Minister with soldiers in the West Bank, estimated that 35,000 people took nuclear-powered Voyager 2 is Tadeusz Mazowiecki and Soviet Palestinian sources said. Masked part in the march, while Benjamin departing the solar system after K GB c hi e f Ge n. Vla d i mi r men abducted Asem Taiem, 28, from Hooks, executive director of the flying past Neptune and its moon Kryuchkov, the highest-ranking his home Thursday, and Palestinian National Association for the Triton Friday.


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