Citation
The tropic times

Material Information

Title:
The tropic times
Creator:
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
Place of Publication:
Quarry Heights Republic of Panama
Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama
Publisher:
United States Southern Command
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 43 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Military bases, American -- Newspapers -- Panama -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- Newspapers -- United States -- Panama ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Canal Zone

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 5, 1988)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Repeated number, vol. 2, no. 45, for Dec. 11 and Dec. 15, 1989.
Issuing Body:
"Published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of the Director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command."
General Note:
"This authorized unofficial command information publication is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas."
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 10, no. 41 (Oct. 24, 1997).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105
Resource Identifier:
21092434 ( OCLC )
2007240275 ( LCCN )

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<7 .-


II


.. .'. -- . .




Uhe Tro ic. Times

.....:..- .......... . ... .....
Vol. II, No. 27 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Aug. 9, 1989


Panama asks for second UN meeting
UNITED NATIONS, Reuter - Tuesday Panamanian U.N. Panamanian territory have request that the Council should meet
Panama has asked foranew meeting representative Leonardo Kam continued the dangerous escalation as soon as possible, in public, to
of the Securitv Council to discuss recalled a similar complaint last of their acts of intimidation, renew consideration of the matter..."


alleged intimidation and aggression
by U.S. troops based in that country.
In a letter to Council President
Hocine Djoudi of Algeria published


PANAMA CITY, Panama
(Reuter) -- President Bush
telephoned Panama's opposition
leader Monday, saying he hoped
talks with the government would
solve the country's prolonged
political crisis, the opposition
said.
Bush and Guillermo Endara
discussed last week's inconclusive
talks between the opposition, the
government and military, it said in
a communique.


April that resulted in a single,
inconclusive Council session.
He said: "In view of the fact that
the United States troops in


Bush said the U.S. did not wish
to interfere with the will of the
Panamanian people or with the
military.
Washington has been exerting
political and economic pressure
on Panama to force the ouster of
military strongman Gen. Manuel
Antonio Noriega since February
1988 when two U.S. courts
indicted him on drug racketeering
charges.
Endara's closest associates met


provocation and aggression against
Panama, in violation of its
sovereignty and territorial integrity
and of the Panama Canal treaties, I


Venezuelan President Carlos
Andres Perez in Caracas Sunday
to discuss an opposition proposal,
rejected by the government, for a
referendum on August 20 to
decide whether Noriega should
step down.
Ricardo Arias and Guillermo
Ford, vice-presidential candidates
in annulled elections last May,
had talks Monday in Lima with
Peruvian leaders and were due to
travel to Colombia.Tuesday.


The April complaint by Panama
charged the United States with
interfering in elections scheduled for
the following month with the aim of
unseating the government loyal to
armed forces chief Gen. Manuel
Antonio Noriega, indicted in the
U.S. on drug and racketeering
charges in February 1988.
The United States, the
Panamanian opposition and
independent electoral observers later
accused Noriega of trying to steal the
May 7 presidential election the
opposition believes it won by a
landlside.
A few days later Panama's
electoral tribunal nullified the vote,
widely seen as a plebiscite on
Noriega's rule.


Carter to lead delegation to Nicaraguan polls
ATLANTA (Reuter) - Former The presidents of five Central an agreement in February H--7
president Jimmy Carter said American countries agreed Monday committing Nicaragua to making
Tuesday he has accepted an on a plan to disband Nicaraguan democratic reforms and holding '


invitation from the Nicaraguan
government to assemble and lead an
international delegation there to
monitor elections in February.
In a letter to Carter released
Tuesday, Nicaraguan President
Daniel Ortega said: "We encourage
you to come to Nicaragua as many
times as you can during the electoral
process, to observe all aspects of the
process, and to meet with the
members of the Supreme Electoral
Council, the political parties and the
government. You will have
unrestricted access to all aspects of
the process."


Contras by December despite strong
opposition from the United States.
Carter promised in a response to
Ortega's letter that he would "work
to ensure that the results of a free and
fair election in Nicaragua will be
respected in the United States and
the rest of the world regardless of
who wins or loses."
Carter, who gained a reputation as
a peacemaker when he served as
president between 1976 and 1980, did
not ask for or receive approval from
the U.S. government for his planned
role in the elections.
Central American leaders signed


early elections in return for a pledge
by the other presidents to draw up a
plan to disband the Contras within a
specified time period.
Carter and former president
Gerald Ford served as observers of
elections in Panama last May under
the auspices of the Council of Freely
Elected Heads of Government, a
group of 15 current and former
presidents and prime ministers.
The same group, formed after a
meeting two years ago at the Carter
Center in Atlanta, will act as a
sponsor for the Nicaraguan observer
team.


-; i


Former President Jimmy Carter


C. America agrees to disband Contras in 4 months
TELA, Honduras (UPI) - Five or FMLN, to negotiate an end to El another summit in Nicaragua before Nobel Peace Prize.
Central America presidents dealt a Salvador's 10-year-old civil war that Christmas to review compliance with It marked a victory for Nicaraguan
symbolic blow to American policy by has killed nearly 70,000 people, the plan. President Daniel Ortega and
agreeing on a plan to disband Honduran President Jose Azcona, The plan to disband the Contras setback for conservatives in the Busl
Nicaragua's U.S.-backed Contra Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega, came on the second anniversary of a administration, who lobbied the
rebels in four months, but questions Salvadoran President Alfredo landmark regional peace plan they other Central American leaders to
remained whether the rebel force Cristiani, Vinicio Cerezo of signed on Aug. 7,1987, in Guatemala keep the Contras in place until afte
would disappear. Guatemala and Arias agreed to hold that won its architect, Arias, the 1987 Nicaraguan elections.


n
a
h
e
o
3
r


"The whole key is to convince the
Contras" to voluntarily surrender
their arms by Dec. 9 and end their
8-year-old war against the leftist
Sandinista-led government, said
John Biehl, an adviser to Costa Rica
President Oscar Arias.
The presidents of Nicaragua,
Honduras, Costa Rica, Guatemala
and El Salvador concluded a three-
day summit Monday by announcing
they had signed a complex agreement
calling on the Contras to disband.
The agreement launches a
program by the United Nations and
the Organization of American States
to supervise and encourage the
disarming in four months of about
10,000 Contras based in southern
Honduras.
In exchange, Nicaragua pledged to
drop a lawsuit against Honduras at
the World Court in The Hague,
Netherlands, charging Honduras
with aiding and abetting illegal,
cross-border Contra raids.
The presidents also urged a
dialogue between the Salvadoran
government and the leftist
Farabundo Marti Liberation Front,


etcet er


Iran wants frozen $$
by United Press International
BEIRUT, Lebanon -- Iran
would "use its influence" to help
win freedom for Western hostages
in Lebanon if the United States
released frozen Iranian assets,
Iran's official Islamic Republic
News Agency reported Tuesday.
The report came a day after a U.N.
envoy met in Beirut with the
spiritual leader of Hezbollah -- the
pro-Iranian group believed linked
to the kidnapping of Americans
and other Westerners -- and said
chances of ending the hostage
crisis had improved.
Millions miss phones
Striking workers at three
regional telephone companies left
millions of customers in 15 states
and the nation's capital on hold
Tuesday as union and company
negotiators haggled over wage
and benefit issues. The walkout by


more than 150,000 employees
entered its third day with no new
talks scheduled between union
officials and the Bell Atlantic and
NYNEX telephone companies on
the East Coast.
Storm rakes island
MIAMI -- Hurricane Dean
raked tiny Sable Island with 76
mph winds Tuesday, and raced
north toward southeast
Newfoundland, the National
Hurricane Center said.
Forecasters said Dean's top
sustained winds were 80 mph, and
almost made a direct hit on Sable
Island, located in the north
Atlantic about 140 miles south of
the Nova Scotia mainland. Dean
passed just to the west, but there
were no immediate reports of
injuries or significant damage.
Fire bosses jittery
An army of firefighters


completed lines around three
major forest fires in California
and Oregon, but thousands of
lightning strikes and predictions
of temperatures in the 90s
throughout the West had fire
bosses jittery. Officials at the
Interagency Fire Center in Boise,
Idaho, said Monday that 12,000
lightning strikes were recorded in
the West during the weekend, but
apparently did not touch off any
major new blazes.
Blaze slays three
LYNN, Mass. -- Flames raced
through a four-story brick
rooming house early Tuesday,
killing at least three residents and
leaving up to five others feared
buried in the rubble. Others
escaped by leaping from windows.
Nearly a dozen people were
injured in the six-alarm blaze,
including two firefighters and two
policemen.


Gift of the Panama Canal Museum


Bush, Endara have telephone discussion


Fir-


rftj'rf









2 Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


1 U.S. news



U.S. suspects Higgins was killed long ago


WASHINGTON (Reuter) -The
U.S. government Monday said
officially for the first time that the
body hanging from a rope in a
videotape released by Lebanese
kidnappers was most probably that
of Marine Lt. Col. William Higgins.
But the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, in a written statement,
had nothing to say on when or how
Higgins died. There is a widespread
feeling in Washington that he was
killed earlier than the abductors
claimed and the announcement that
he was hanged last week was a
political ploy.
The FBI said positive ident-
ification was impossible, but that
"numerous observable char-
acteristics were noted indicating that
the person depicted in the videotape
is Lt. Col. Higgins."
"There's no way to tell for certain
from a videotape," an FBI
spokesman said of the FBI's refusal
flatly to declare Higgins dead.
The half-minute tape was released
a week ago by the pro-Iranian
Organization of the Oppressed of the


World, which said it killed Higgins in
retaliation for Israel's July 28 seizure
of Moslem cleric Abdel-Karim
Obeid.
A White House statement said
Higgins' wife, Robin, a major in the
Marines, was told of the FBI's
conclusion by Marine Corps
commandant Gen. A.M. Gray.
It said President Bush, who earlier
in the day saluted Higgins as "a
symbol of courage," telephoned Mrs.
Higgins " to offer his support and
encouragement."
"The president said the U.S.
government will continue to do all it
can to obtain a full accounting of
what happened to her husband," the
statement added.
Various reports have speculated
that Higgins, who was assigned to the
U.N. peacekeeping forces in south
Lebanon when captured, may have
been killed after the U.S. cruiser
Vincennes accidentally shot down an
Iranian airliner in July 1988, killing
290 people.
A Pentagon official, speaking
before the FBI statement was


released, said the body shown had
none of the characteristic signs of
hanging such as a snapped neck and
bulging eyes.
"He looked like he was in repose,
like he was sleeping," said the
official, who did not want to be
identified.
"They may have had him on ice,"
he said.
He said the FBI needed a clearer
videotape than the one transmitted
by satellite and shown on U.S.
television screens in order to
determine how Higgins died.
Bush saluted the former hostage
earlier in the day at a ceremony at
Fort Myer, Va., for the 200th
anniversary of the War Department,
now known as the Defense
Department.
"We cannot leave here today
without pausing to salute one who
stands as a symbol of the courage
that burns in the breast of every
American in uniform, one Marine
who has been very much in our
thoughts, Lt. Col. Higgins - William
Richard Higgins," said Bush.


California quake rattles Bay area


LOS GATOS, Calif. (UPI) - A window, falling to his death.
moderate earthquake rattled the San "It is believed that the young man
Francisco Bay Area early Tuesday, had been asleep, became startled
waking thousands of people and during the earthquake and
possibly causing the death of a young accidentally jumped through the
man who crashed through a fifth window," a police spokeswoman
floor window in Los Gatos. said.
The 1:13 a.m. PDT shaker, caused The man's name was withheld and
skyscrapers to sway in San Francisco an autopsy was scheduled.
and knocked items off shelves in No other injuries or mishaps were
supermarkets in Los Gatos, San reported.
Jose, Santa Cruz and other towns Shortly after the earthquake,
near the epicenter. residents of six area counties were
The quake was centered 10 miles warned they might have more rude
south of San Jose, near Lexington awakenings this week.
Reservoir just outside Los Gatos. It The California Department of
measured 5.1 on the Richter scale Emergency Services said in an
and was followed by a smaller advisory, "A slightly increased
aftershock a half-hour later, likelihood exists for continued
Los Gatos police said a 19-year- seismic activity in the area. This
old man apparently became activity could involve an earthquake
disoriented during the quake and as large as 6.2 magnitude, although
crashed through a fifth story it's not probable that a quake of this

Witches no longer pay taxes ii
PROVIDENCE, R.I. (UPI) - A exemption and, by allowing us the
church of witches won its fight to be same privileges as other religions, the
exempted from the state's 6 percent state has faithfully followed the
sales tax, officials said Tuesday. intent and tradition of Roger
Our Lady of the Roses, a Wiccan Williams."
Church, won the exemption late last Williams, a puritan minister,
month when a hearing officer in the founded the colony of Rhode Island
state Department of Administration and Providence Plantations in 1636
ruled that it is a recognizable religion after being banished from the
under guidelines set by the Supreme Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Court. "I don't think money was the key
Plaintiffs said the decision will not issue," said A. Gregory Frazier, a
amount to a great savings for Our lawyer with the local chapter of the
Lady of the Roses but will mean that American Civil Liberties Union who
unconventional religions in Rhode represented Siegrist. "I think it was
Island receive the same treatment as recognition of faith as a religion."
mainstream faiths. The church believes in a "universal
"This is a significant victory for mind and a universal soul
non-traditional religions in Rhode incorporating both male and female
Island," said Joyce Siegrist, the principles" and has nothing to do
founder and high priestess of the with Satanic worship, Siegrist said.
church. "We worked hard to get this She founded Our Lady of the Roses


size will occur."
The counties are Alameda,
Monterey, San Benito, San Mateo,
Santa Clara and Santa Cruz.
The earthquake was felt as a 10-
second rolling motion, although
some residents reported a jolt. Such
discrepancies are common during
earthquakes.
Reports of ground motion came
from as far as San Luis Obispo, 150
miles to the south, and Santa Rosa,
100 miles to the north.
Al Lent of the U.S. Geological
Survey in Menlo Park said the quake
was in the same area as a temblor of
similar magnitude in June 1988.
Highway crews were sent to clear a
few minor rock slides in the Santa
Cruz area, and the Southern Pacific
Railroad temporarily halted trains to
check for damage.
No power outages were reported.

Rhode Island
in 1986 and incorporated it last
October. Siegrist said it has about 35
members.
The church applied for a sales tax
exemption last year and was turned
down early this year. The
Administration Department, which
includes the state Taxation Division,
held a hearing in May and the
decision favoring Our Lady of the
Roses was rendered July 20.
Officials said the hearing officer
relied on eight criteria set down by
the Supreme Court in 1986 in a tax
case involving the Church of Pan.
"Apparently, the initial concerns
(of the tax division) were in the area
of the education and qualifications of
the leadership of the church and the
area of exclusivity of belief," Frazier
C-ML


U.S. officials, wary of the
unpredictability of events in the
Middle East, Monday avoided
comments that could give rise to
unwarranted optimism that U.S.
hostages in Lebanon may soon be
free.
Officials had no direct comment
on a proposal, published in an
Iranian newspaper that often reflects
foreign ministry thinking, that all
parties to the hostage crisis draw up a
plan to free all captives in Lebanon.
The State Department reiterated a
long-held U.S. policy of refusing to
negotiate with terrorists, but denied
that the United States was confined
to a passive role in the crisis.
"The role remains one of active
diplomacy to secure the release of
our hostages," State Department
spokesman Richard Boucher said at
a briefing. "We're actively pursuing
diplomacy with states in the region,
with friendly countries and with
international organizations."
All told, there are 21 foreigners
missing and believed held in
Lebanon.
I S


Commander-in-Chief .............. Ger. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC ................ SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication
Director, Public Affairs.......... Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Lditorial Staff ...................... SSgt. Greg Markley is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is
Executive Editor/NCOIC .......... SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information
Managing Editor ........................... Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of
AIC Randy Lawson the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command.
t"e T r o pComposing Room .................... Rosemary Chong Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view
f * Carolyn Coffey of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S.
he | ITropic TIlm es Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002,
Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.
III


Soviet warplanes

land in Alaska
ANCHORAGE, Alaska
(Reuter) - Soviet warplanes came
in peace to the United States
Sunday, landing for refueling at a
U.S. Air Force Base in Alaska en
route to an air show in Canada.
The two MiG-29 fighters and
one Antonov-225, the largest
airplane in the world and designed
to carry the Soviet space shuttle
orbiter, were flown by Soviet
civilian test pilots.
Air Force officials said the three
planes caught Eimendorf Air
Force Base somewhat by surprise
by landing nearly two hours ahead
of schedule. The reason was not
immediately known.
The planes were escorted into
U.S. airspace by nine F-15C and
F-15D Eagle fighters whose usual
mission is to intercept Soviet
bombers in international airspace,
the Air Force said.
"It's the first time a MiG-29 or
An-225 ever landed in North
America and it's the first time
since World War II, or 1945, that
any Soviet fighter has flown in
Alaskan air space," U.S. Air
Force Col. Mike Conley said.
Gen. Vadim Petrov, head of the
Soviet delegation, spoke through
an interpreter to a crowd at the air
base, praising U.S.-Soviet
cooperation in World War Two.
"Unfortunately, after that the
Cold War hampered our
friendship. We are now happy our
relations have warmed up," he
said.
The three Soviet planes were
traveling to Vancouver, British
Columbia, for the Abbotsford
International Air Show.


i sia.0


n







Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


U.S. news



Want to be ambassador? Golf, gamble!


WASHINGTON (Reuter) - Chic
Hecht, a former senator with no
diplomatic experience, says his keen
interest in golf and gambling makes
him a perfect U.S. ambassador to the
Bahamas.
Evelyn Teegan, whose governmen-
tal background is confined to being
executive director of the Minnesota
Seat Belt Commission, will represent
the United States in Fiji, Tonga and
Tuvalu.
Joy Silverman, described by the
White House as a "full-time, active
participant in President Bush's 1988
campaign," has been named envoy to
the Caribbean islands of Barbados,
St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the
Grenadines.
These are just three of Bush's 44
diplomatic appointments that have
provoked critics who say the
president has overstepped the
invisible line that governs how many
purely political ambassadors will be
tolerated.
His most vocal critic is Maryland
Democrat Paul Sarbanes, a member
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee which must approve each
presidential selection.
After the committee narrowly
approved Florida real estate
developer Joseph Zappala as envoy
to Spain last week, Sarbanes
complained, "We are being


confronted with nominees who
demonstrably have no qualifications
other than large campaign
donations."
By Sarbanes' count, 30 of Bush's
nominations - 68 percent - are
political appointees.
But the State Department says this
omits the many career diplomats
Bush left in place. Overall, the
administration wants to have 67
percent of its ambassadors to have
experience in diplomacy with only 33
percent reserved for political
appointees.
"Our ratio right now is 65 percent
to 35 percent - so we have a little bit
more to do," State Department
spokeswoman Margaret Tutwiler
said.
Whatever the numbers are, the
appointment of amateur diplomats
sends a distressing message to those
who have spent their careers in the
foreign service, said Hewson Ryan, a
former U.S. ambassador to
Honduras who spent 29 years in the
foreign service.
"The (career) people get rather
discouraged after working for 20
years when they see a used car
salesman or the wife of used car
salesman put in as ambassador,"
Ryan said in a telephone interview.
"But to a certain extent, if you take
the queen's shilling, you do the


queen's bidding."
One career diplomat's -discour-
agement may be at the heart of an
unfolding espionage investigation.
Felix Bloch, a former deputy chief
of mission at the U.S. embassy in
Vienna, was reportedly disgusted at
having to serve under two political
appointees. Bloch is now being
investigated for allegedly spying for
the Soviet Union-when he worked in
Vienna.
Ryan noted that while political
appointments are nothing new, Bush
seems to have made especially
unprepared nominations, which
could erode U.S. diplomatic standing
abroad, he said.
The Council on Hemispheric
Affairs lambasted Bush for his
nomination of Thomas Strook, a
Wyoming oilman who was a major
contributor to the president's
campaign, as envoy to Guatemala.
"Strook's appointment to this
troubled country has to be
interpreted as a sign from the White
House that Washington is less than
serious about curbing rights abuses
or preventing Guatemala's return to
open military rule," the council said
in a statement.
But Bush has not gone beyond
previous presidents in the number of
his political appointments, said
diplomatic historian John Roche of


the Fletcher School of Law and
Diplomacy in Massachusetts.
"I think that Jack Kennedy had a
higher percentage of political
appointees," said Roche, who
worked in the Kennedy and Johnson
administrations.
"The custom of giving eminent
characters embassies is hardly a new
one, and some of them were real
lulus," he said in a telephone
interview. "An ambassador is
fundamentally a ceremonial figure;
the question then comes down to how
good a ceremonial figure is he?" In an
age when instant communication and
Mach-2 travel are commonplace,
Roche said, ambassadors are rarely
without behind-the-scenes support
from their staffs or Washington.
"I think most serious foreign
service officers know that this is the
name of the game," he said. "The fact
that Bloch's nose is out of joint - is
simply an indication of his lack of
IQ." To encourage the career
diplomats Roche half-facetiously
suggested awarding a special status
to deputy chiefs of mission, -those
second-in-command at U.S.
embassies who often serve
ambassadors with less diplomatic
background than themselves.
"They should make a new rank so
they can at least wear some stars on
their shoulders," Roche said.


Opus the Penguin coming to help save whales


KEY WEST, Fla. (UPI) -- Opus
the Penguin, late of Bloom County,
is headed for the tropical Pacific to
help conservationists do battle with
tuna fishermen whose wide,


Opus the Penguin


sweeping nets trap and kill dolphins.
The cartoon character's creator,
Berke Breathed, painted Opus on the
side of the 200-foot steel trawler Sea
Shepherd last week, emblazoning his
penguin tummy with the slogan
"environmental extremist."
The 600-ton vessel and its
international crew of 26 volunteers
were scheduled to sail from Key West
late Monday to search for tuna boats
in the eastern tropical Pacific
between Costa Rica and Hawaii.
Capt. Paul Watson said. Breathed
and his wife are expected to join the
"Sea Shepherd" in Costa Rica in
about a week, after it passes through
the Panama Canal.
"Jody, his wife, is a wildlife
photographer, so she will be quite an
asset," Watson said.
Sunday was the final publication
day for Berke Breathed's comic strip
"Bloom County." His new Sunday-


only strip called "Outland," makes its
newspaper debut Sept. 3.
Watson said Breathed had given
the Sea Shepherd Society permission
to put the Opus logo on T-shirts to
help raise money for its nonprofit
activity.
The organization works mainly to
save endangered species, but is
involved in many marine issues,
Watson said. On this campaign, the
Sea Shepherd crew will seek out tuna
boats and check to see if there are
dolphins trapped among their catch.
"Well just politely request the
captains to release the dolphins from
their nets, and if they refuse to do so,
we'll have no alternative but to rip
their nets apart and release the
dolphins ourselves," Watson said.
He said the target tuna boats sell
their product to U.S. canned tuna
fish companies that in turn are
owned by three big multi-national


companies whose holdings include
cat food companies.
Although the Sea Shepherd sails
unarmed, its crew has been warned
that some of those they may confront
are armed with automatic weapons,
Watson said.
"We don't carry weapons, and we
make sure our actions do not hurt
anybody. We don't use explosives.
And we always accept responsibility
for what we do," Watson said.
"We're a non-violent international
enforcement organization. We don't
have any politics. It doesrit make
much difference if it's a Soviet
harpoon killing a whale or a
Japanese harpoon. It's all the same
thing to the whale," Watson said.
The Sea Shepherd flys flags from
the crewmembers' home countries,
including the United States,
Switzerland, Britain, Canada, the
Soviet Union, Peru and Germany.


By year 2,000 you may not be able to see across town


ST. LOUIS (UPI) -- Residents of
America's worst smog-plagued cities
will see the turn of the century before
they are able to see across town, said
a study by two researchers at
Washington University's Center for
the Study of American Business.
Their study comes on the heels of
an Office of Technology Assessment
study that reaches virtually the same
conclusion: nearly half of the 81
areas not meeting the nation's air
quality standard for atmospheric
ozone (smog) will not meet the
standards even by the year 2000.
But the Washington University
study contains more information
than just a prediction of America's
smog problems in the 21st century.
The study addresses such
questions as: What are the health and
Other effects of ozone? What causes


ozone buildup? What are the costs
and benefits of reducing ozone
levels? Why has progress been so
slow in battling smog and how do
leading legislative proposals alter the
attack?
Reseachers Kenneth Chilton and
Anne Sholtz provide some answers
and offer recommendations of their
own.
Regarding ozone's health effects,
the two cite extensive medical
research collected by the
Environmental Protection Agency
that shows ozone's short-term
effects, on average, to be relatively
mild -coughing, tightness in the
chest, less than 10 percent reduction
in breathing capacity - even at levels
as high as 50 percent above 0.12 parts
per million air quality standard.
Long-term health effects are of


concern but unproven at present.
Chronic effects such as increased
susceptibility of the lungs,
accelerated aging of the lungs and
retarded lung developments have
been found in animal studies. But the
applicability of these results to
humans is the subject of much
medical controversy.
The two researchers identify four
factors responsible for the apparent
slow pace of progress in clearing the
air of smog: lack of enforcement and
ineffective control measures,
understated emission levels,
problems with air pollution models
and the susceptibility of EPA
definitions of non-attainment to
unusual weather patterns.
Both researchers contend none of
the proposals consider more
fundamental changes needed to


assure that public health is protected
with less economic disruption. They
offer four reforms to accomplish this
objective:
- Require the EPA administrator
to consider cost-effectiveness when
promulgating Clean Air Act
regulations.
- Change the definition of non-
attainment to be more consistent
with the nature of ozone pollution
and of the public health risk in poses.
- Establish primary air quality
standards to protect the public
against unreasonable risk of
significant adverse health effects.
- Reduce the number of specific
control measures specified in the
Clean Air Act. Encourage states to
use innovative approaches that fit
local circumstances.







Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


_I world roundup



Newspaper criticizesSoviet silence onRP


MOSCOW (UPI) -- A Soviet
newspaper Saturday criticized
Moscow's silence on the brutal
crackdown on pro-democracy
demonstrators in China and said the
Kremlin's foreign policy is based on a
"moral double standard."
Criticism of domestic affairs has
become common under Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev's campaign of
"glasnost," or openness, but the
weekly Moscow News attack on
foreign policy broke new ground.
"In the fifth year of perestroika,
our foreign policy does not always
provide examples of high morality,"
commentators Aleksei Izyumov and
Andrei Kortunov wrote in the
newspaper's current edition, released
before its Sunday publication date.
Gorbachev's "perestroika"
reforms of economic and social
restructuring have bypassed major
areas of Soviet foreign policy, the
commentators said.
"Perestroika has not done away
with the wrong practice of using a
moral double standard - shouting
about injustice in the West, but
keeping silent about the same
injustice in our country or those of
our friends," they said.
Economist Izyumov and historian
Kortunov ranged across the globe to
show recent instances they said show
that Soviet foreign policy's "progress
in the sphere of morality is small:"
--China: "In early June, hundreds
of people were killed in the tragic
events in Beijing. The reaction from


most countries was the same: they
condemned the violence against
unarmed people. The Soviet Union
confined its response to a neutral
statement with not a word of
condemnation of the actions of the
Chinese army."
-- Panama: "The United States
accused the general (Manuel
Antonio Noriega) of having
connections with the narcotics mafia
and of human rights violations. If it is
difficult to prove the first charge,
there are documents, newspaper
articles and photographs to support
the second.
"The Soviet Union did not utter a
word of accusation against the
Panamanian military forces. We
even gave the general the
opportunity to express his views on
the pages of 'Peace and Socialism' in
June."
-- Middle East: "When the writer
of humorous stories, Mikhail
Zadornov, mentioned 'Palestinian
terrorists' in one of them, the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
condemned it. But aren't there
terrorists in the Palestinian
movement?"
-- Iran: "We all remember the case
of the British writer of Indian origin,
Salman Rushdie. Most countries
registered their protest, but the
Soviet Union limited itself to some
incomprehensible formulas."
The late Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini announced a death


sentence against Rushdie and put a
bounty on his head Feb. 14 to protest
his novel "The Satanic Verses,"
which many Moslems consider
blasphemous. Rushdie has been in
hiding since the threat.
The Moscow News commentators
said openness has yet to extend to
media treatment of foreign affairs.
"There was not a single newspaper
story or television program with an
alternative opinion" on China, they
said. "Why haven't people who have
a different viewpoint been allowed to
express it? What an outcry there


would have been if the same thing
had happened in South Korea or
Japan."
Izyumov and. Kortunov even
criticized Eduard Shevardnadze, the
foreign minister whose initiatives
have improved Soviet relations with
a number of countries.
The commentators quoted
Shevardnadze as saying in a recent
newspaper interview, "Our foreign
policy is deeply moral."
Their retort: "The principles are
proclaimed, but we cannot say that
they are fulfilled."


SWAPORALLY-A man leads nearly 20,000 of hisfellowNamibians in a
song symbolizing their return to their homelandfrom a 25-year exile at a
SWAPO political rally in Oshakati last week. (AP Laserphoto)


Quebec woman becomes pawn in abortion case


OTTAWA (Reuter) - A 21-year-
old Quebec woman who wants to end
her pregnancy has become a pawn in
a long abortion battle that will finally
be settled in Canada's highest court.
Chantal Daigle decided earlier this
year that she wanted to end her
pregnancy, conceived in a
relationship gone sour, but her
former lover and the lower courts
have so far prevented her from doing
so.
Now, in the most important
showdown ever on the abortion issue
in Canada, the country's highest
court will hold an emergency session


beginning Tuesday to decide whether
Daigle can abort her 22-week-old
fetus.
The case was eventually pushed to
the Supreme Court of Canada, which
had been in recess, after Daigle's
former lover, 25-year-old car
salesman Jean-Guy Tremblay, won
an injunction in a Quebec court July
7 to prevent the abortion.
Daigle fought the injunction all the
way to the Quebec Supreme Court
and lost. In a decision that was later
upheld in an appeal, the court ruled
for the first time in Canadian history
that a fetus was a human being


Lange quits over health
WELLINGTON, New Zealand bypass operation that enabled him to
(UPI) -- New Zealand Prime slim down somewhat.
Minister David Lange announced his Lange said he was stepping down
resignation Monday. He cited health at a time when his government was
concerns, but his departure follows returning to public favor and after a
his Labor Party's decision to return well-received budget from new
to the Cabinet a minister Lange had Finance Minister David Caygill.
fired eight months ago. While Lange cited his medical
Lange, 47, who rocked the United concerns, analysts noted that his
States with his decision to ban resignation came within days of the
nuclear warships from tiny New Labor Party Caucus' vote Aug. 3 to
Zealand shores in 1984, announced place former Finance Minister Roger
his resignation at a Parliament Douglas back into the Cabinet.
House news conference shortly after Lange had ousted Douglas from
noon local time Monday. the finance post 'and Cabinet in
His successor will be chosen by the December after a yearlong battle
56-member Labor Party Caucus over New Zealand's economic and
Monday. Among the likliest choices social policies by urging a reduction
are Deputy Prime Minister Geoffrey in government spending on social
Palmer and External Relations issues.
Minister Mike Moore. Immediately after Douglas' re-
"I think the doctor said not election to the Cabinet, Lange said
continuing would be compatible with Douglas would not be granted any
good health," Lange told the news post where he could influence
conference. Obese since childhood, economic policy in the future, and on
he underwent heart surgery last year Sunday the prime minister reiterated
and in 1980 underwent a stomach his position. "There is no place for


deserving of protection under the
Quebec charter of rights.
The pro-choice movement
slammed the decision and vowed to
fight it every step of the way. The
National Association of Women and
the Law said: "No man, no court, no
government and no god can force a
woman to carry a fetus to term
against her will."
Daigle, a former secretary, asked
the the Supreme Court earlier this
week to consider her case.
With police keeping protesters
behind barricades, five of the nine
Supreme Court judges held an


cares, rival
Douglas' policies," he said.
Lange said he had fought a battle
for two years against "the relentless
juggernaut of the New Right." He
said that fight had absorbed the
government's energies. "I reject the
New Right prescription for New
Zealand," he said.
Douglas said Lange had been an
exceptionally able leader.
The Lange government came to
power in July 1984 with an anti-
nuclear policy that proved
immensely popular with New
Zealanders, although it caused the
country to lose its membership in the
Australia-New Zealand-United
States Treaty, known as ANZUS.
Seven months after he took office,
Lange attracted world attention by
barring a U.S. warship from New
Zealand harbors on grounds it
carried nuclear weapons. The United
States, as is its practice, would not
confirm whether nuclear weapons
were aboard the destroyer USS
Buchanan.


emergency session and decided
within minutes to allow the appeal.
Legal experts hope the case,
considered as important as the
landmark 1973 Roe vs. Wade ruling
that legalized abortions in the United
States, will clear up the legal mess left
over from January 1988, when the
Supreme Court legalized a woman's
right to abortion with a doctor's
permission but did not rule on the
rights of the fetus.
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney
has promised to draft a new law, but
his Cabinet is sharply divided on the
issue.
The Canadian government has
won the right to intervene in the
Daigle case and plans to argue the
Quebec court had no jurisdiction
ruling on a federal issue.
Meanwhile, time is running out for
Daigle. It will be difficult for her to
get an abortion even if the Court
rules in her favor because most
doctors in Canada refuse to perform
the procedure so late in pregnancy.
Daigle said she decided.to end the
pregnancy because she was not
prepared to raise the child alone. She
had planned to marry Tremblay, but
she said in a court affidavit the
relationship soured when she became
pregnant, alleging he became
verbally and physically abusive.
Tremblay has admitted he would
have difficulty raising the child but
says he wants the child to have a
chance to live a better life than he had
growing up with a violent mother
and an alcoholic father.
Daigle told a newspaper reporter:
"If I had been able to give him (the
fetus), I would have done it long
ago."







Tropic Times r
Aug. 9, 1989 J


hemisphere



Paz Zamora promises free market, no drugs


LA PAZ, Bolivia (UPI) -- One-
time Marxist revolutionary Jaime
Paz Zamora became president of
Bolivia promising to pursue free
market economic policies and battle
"the threat of drug trafficking" in his
coca-producing nation.
"I ask that God bless the mandate
that I assume today," said Paz
Zamora as he took the oath of office
for a four-year term Sunday in front
of Congress.
Congress elected Paz Zamora
president Saturday morning to
replace his uncle, outgoing President
Victor Paz Estenssoro. Lawmakers
had to choose the president because
none of the nine candidates in the
May 7 general election received
enough votes to be elected outright.
Delegations from 35 countries
attended the inauguration, including
the presidents of Argentina, Peru,
Paraguay, Panama, Uruguay and
Brazil. The U.S. delegation was led
by Education Secretary Lauro
Cavazos and Prescott Bush, the
brother of President Bush.
In a nationwide television and
radio address, the new president -
once imprisoned as a Marxist
revolutionary - insisted on not


looking at the past "with the tired
eyes of yesterday" and promised his
administration would not have
"room neither for an easy populism
nor for sterile radicalism of whatever
type."
Paz Zamora's expected election
had touched off economic panic,
including bank withdrawals last
week that reached $100 million. The
panic was sparked by memories of
the economic chaos during the
government of President Hernan
Siles Zuazo, under whom Paz
Zamora was vice president from
1982-1985.
But Paz Zamora moved quickly to
assure businessmen and bankers he
would follow prudent economic
policies. He named Enrique Garcia
as minister of planning and head of
his economic Cabinet. Garcia, with a
reputation for competence, was an
International Development Bank
official and advocates free market
policies.
The new president said his policies
would include restarting economic
development, realistic currency
exchange rates, interest determined
by the market, guarantees of dollar
deposits, promotion of foreign


investment and prices subject to
supply and demand.
Paz Zamora also promised to fight
"the threat of drug trafficking (while)
preserving national sovereignty."
Bolivia is the No. 2 producer in the
world of coca leaves, the main
ingredient in cocaine.
Paz Zamora's election by
Congress was assured when former
military strongman Hugo Banzer
withdrew from the race last week and
threw his support to Paz Zamora,
who had been a staunch political
enemy as leader of the .Leftist
Revolutionary Movement-New
Majority parties.
Banzer, who ruled Bolivia from
1971-78 after a coup, made the move
apparently as political revenge
against governing party candidate
Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, who
early in the campaign had refused to
enter into a political pact with
Banzer. Sanchez de Lozada barely
beat out Banzer for first place in the
May vote.
During Banzer's military
government, Paz Zamora was a
clandestine political leader who
advocated a Marxist "armed
struggle." He was arrested in


February of 1974 and imprisoned but
escaped four months later.
He emerged in the 1980s as a
Social Democrat, a moderate
socialist along the lines of the
European Socialist parties who
accept many capitalist economic
ideas and reject the Marxist model
used by the Soviet Union.
Paz Zamora's scarred face and
hands are the result of the crash of a
light plane during the 1980
campaign. He was the only one of
five people aboard to survive.


Jarpa agrees to run forpresident


SANTIAGO, Chile (Reuter) -The
head of Chile's largest conservative
party agreed in a surprise turn-about
last weekend to run in December's
presidential elections, a move likely
to provoke further divisions within
the country's right wing.
"I accept the responsibility that
you have given me today," former
Interior Minister Sergio Onofre
Jarpa told his National Renovation
party after it nominated him to run.
His party had been expected to
announce its support for the
candidacy of former Finance
Minister Hernan Buchi, who has the
backing of other rightist groups and
businessmen.
But the 370 delegates to a party
congress opted instead to nominate
their veteran leader Jarpa to stand in
the election for a civilian president to
succeed military ruler Augusto
Pinochet.
Jarpa backed down on an earlier


refusal to stand in the the first
competitive vote in Chile for nearly
20 years.
The country's second conservative
force, the Independent Democratic
Union, which will present a common
slate of congressional candidates
with National Renovation, backed
Buchi in a declaration Saturday.
Divisions within the ranks of
Pinochet's former civilian supporters
contrast sharply with the unity of
opposition parties backing centrist
politician Patricio Aylwin, who is
favored by opinion polls to win.
Although the polls show Buchi,
who served as Pinochet's finance
minister for four years until last
April, to be the strongest
conservative contender, he has
always been viewed with suspicion by
National Renovation.
Jarpa, 67, has sought to distance
his party from Pinochet after the
general's defeat in last October's yes-


or-no plebiscite on his continued
rule. The party has pressed Buchi to
do the same.
National Renovation was also
angered by Buchi's decision to
formally register his candidacy
without waiting for official party
approval.
In accepting his party's
nomination, Jarpa left open the
possibility of further negotiations in
the five days that remain ahead of the
constitutional deadline for
registration of all candidacies.
"I accept but on the understanding
that I am at liberty to take the final
decision," Jarpa said.
Conservatives are also split on the
distribution of candidacies for
congress, which will be elected Dec.
14 at the same time as the presidency.
Smaller rightist groups have
announced they will field separate
candidates after talks broke down on
a common list with the two main
parties.


Castro's corruption campaign not over


HAVANA (Reuter) - President
Fidel Castro has clearly signaled that
his campaign against corruption in
Cuba is far from over by the arrest
last week of four more officials
including a former interior minister.
For some older Cubans, Castro's
vigorous campaign has also recalled
fond memories of him as a young
revolutionary whose early battles
against corruption endeared him to
the nation.
"The campaign against corruption
is going to continue. Fidel is going to
shake the tree until all the rotten fruit
falls to the ground," one Cuban
Communist Party official said.
There is also quiet satisfaction
among Castro supporters that the
latest arrests have proved wrong the
forecasts of some foreign observers
who felt the earlier scandals would be
too embarrassing for Castro to
continue his campaign.


When he failed to make a single
reference to corruption and drug
trafficking in his state-of-the-nation
style speech last month many foreign
journalists and diplomats concluded
that Castro had decided to sweep the
problem under the rug.
"It has just been too embarrassing
for him and he has decided to close
the door on the ugly episode," a
visiting journalist said in Havana the
day after the speech.
Castro did not wait long to prove
his detractors wrong.
On Monday the official newspaper
Granma announced that former
Interior Minister Gen. Jose Abrantes
and three of his top aides had been
arrested. It also announced the arrest
of a civilian chief of a business
enterprise and the demotion to
colonel and forced retirement of five
Interior Ministry generals.
The scandal over corruption had


begun nearly seven weeks earlier on
June 12 with the arrest of army and
intelligence officers for corruption
and drug trafficking.
Abrantes was dismissed June 28 as
minister of the Interior and a general
shakeup began in the ministry.
Four of the arrested officers,
including the much decorated
general, Arnaldo Ochoa of the
Cuban Armed Forces, were tried and
on July 14 were executed. Ten others,
including Gen. Patricio de la Guardia
of the Interior Ministry, were
sentenced to prison terms ranging
from 15 to 30 years.
The official Cuban position on the
campaign against corruption has
been spelled out by Gen. Raul
Castro, the Minister of the Armed
Forces.
He said that the campaign would
be carried out "without extremism or
a witchhunt."








6 Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989



tI financial news


Auto firms face more demanding buyers


ANN ARBOR, Mich. (UPI) - A
buyer's market through the next
decade means the American auto
industry will need better service and
sales approaches to win customers,
says a University of Michigan study.
"Overall, the U.S. market through
2000 is likely to remain a mature
market, with more offerings
competing for a relatively fixed set of
customers," said the forecast based
on interviews with more than 250
auto industry marketing executives.
As a result, manufacturers will be


mechanical engineering and director
of the U-M Transportation Research
Institute (UMTRI) Office for the
Study of Automotive Tran-
sportation. It is the fifth in a series of
10-year forecasts based on interviews
with executives and engineers at
North American auto manufacturers
and their suppliers, as well as
academics and consultants.
"The Delphi V Forecast and
Analysis of the U.S. Automotive
Industry Through the Year 2000,"
using the Delphi forecasting


rise to $15,000 in 1995 and $15,900 in
2000. An imported car that costs
$15,000 in 1990 will cost $17,000 in
2000.
Car dealers will become
increasingly important players in the
competition for buyers.
"Products will continue to be
judged on price, styling and
perceived quality," the report said.
"However, the dealer is the company
to an individual customer and, thus,
a crucial factor in the customer's
perception of the product."


increasingly popular, climbing from
15 percent of new-car transactions
today to 27 percent in 2000.
- Sales of cars with foreign
nameplates, including imported cars
and vehicles produced in the United
States by foreign firms, are forecast
to gain market share from 33 percent
in 1990 to 36 percent in 2000.
-- The nation's Big Three
carmakers - General Motors Corp.,
Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler Corp.
- are expected to lose market share
over the decade, declining from 64


forced to continue reducing costs and technique developed by the Rand Dealers should cultivate more percent of passer
improving quality and offer better Corp., examines marketing, professional sales staffs, provide to 61 percent in:
service to buyers, technology and materials in the auto better diagnostic and repair services - Gasoline pi
U.S. car sales in the United States industry, and offer greater convenience to their rise at gradual, p
are expected to grow less than 1 Differences in price and quality customers, including longer hours the next decade.
percent per year over the next among domestic and imported cars and "loaner" vehicles, the U-M study
decade, from 10.1 million in 1990 to are expected to narrow in the next said. Some other predictions in the
10.9 million in 2000. Light-duty decade, meaning customers will study:
truck sales also will grow slowly place more emphasis on operating - Manufacturers are expected to
during the decade, but faster than costs and on dealer services, extend power train warranties up to
passenger car sales. Dealerships must be more fully 10 years or 100,000 miles on some
"Easy sales resulting from rapid integrated with manufacturers' models, and the average total life of
industry growth are history," the marketing efforts in order to increase passenger cars is expected to climb to
study concluded. "Future sales will customer satisfaction and build 12 years by-2000, from 11 years in
be the result of providing the loyalty, the study concluded. 1990.
customer the best perceived value in Car prices are expected to hold -- New car buyers will hold on to
the most attractively styled and steady for the next decade, after their cars for five years on the
functional package." climbing somewhat in the next year average, a figure not expected to
The U-M survey was directed by or so. The U.S.-produced passenger change over the next decade.
David E. Cole, professor of car that costs $14,000 in 1990 should -- Leasing is expected to become


Roman Empire -- greatest decentralized


anger car sales in 1990
2000.
ices are forecast to
predictable rates over


entity


by Mark R. Horowitz
for United Press International
With mergers and acquisitions
taking place at a fervent pace,
management strategies are being


ROMAN SOLDIER - 'T'm the
district manager and here I make the
rules."


debated as companies acquire
multiple offices and plants
throughout regions and even
countries.
One debate focuses on centralizing
a company vs. decentralizing it.
In the former, all policy and planning
comes from headquarters, with
regional facilities implementing
orders. With decentralization, each
facility manages itself with input and
direction from the home office.
Perhaps the greatest decentralized
entity in history was the Roman
Empire, with a vast network of
roads, city centers and admin-
istrative districts -- all reporting to
Rome. When the empire first got
started, the idea was to leave in place
what wasn't broken, and it seemed to
work.
An order from Mark Antony in 42
B.C. to the council and magistrates
of Aphrodisias in Caria shows the
practice of Roman leaders granting
autonomy. He spoke highly of the
Roman envoy, Solon, who "has
handled your public interests most
diligently." Solon asked for, and
received, documents from Antony
showing previous Roman laws
"issued for (the city's) benefit."


Those documents, from the time of
Julius Caesar, noted that the city
could "employ its own (system of)
justice and judgments, without
posting security at Rome pursuant to
any resolution or order." They also
allowed the citizens to "have,
possess, use and enjoy the villages,
districts, strongholds, uplands and
revenues with which they came to the
friendship of the (Roman) people."
To show Antony's support for his
right-hand man, he noted that "I
have conferred upon him
appropriate benefactions, judging
him a man worthy of honor from us,
and I congratulate you on having
such a citizen."
Thus a district manager was born,
2,000 years ago.
By 25 B.C., under Augustus
Caesar, treaties were made to the
mutual benefit of the distant towns
and the Roman empire. A decree of
the senate ordered the town of
Mytilene to refuse passage of Rome's
enemies through their borders, not
even by "public decision." In return,
Rome promised that the "Roman
people shall come to the aid of the
people of Mytilene" if attacked.
A letter to the envoys of Chios in


about 10 A.D. noted that "the senate
guaranteed the Chians, in response
to their representations as to all they
had done in loyal support of the
Romans ... that they might continue
to employ the laws, customs and
legal procedures which they observed
when they entered the friendship of
the Romans."
Although decentralization made
sense as the empire grew, it also
meant that consistency in
management was difficult over vast
distances. And all it took for the
whole thing to come unglued was the
steady influx of foreigners to the
empire, who slowly gained power
from province to province until the
enemy from without became the
enemy within.
Decentralization can work if there
is a balance between local authority
and central policy and procedure.
The challenge becomes how to avoid
stifling success in the districts and
renegade branches turning away
from corporate strategy and policy.
As the corporate empires grow in
the 1990s it will be interesting to
watch what works and what doesn't.
And no doubt there will be a few
declines and falls, Roman-style.


NEW YORK (AP) - Sales, closing price and net change of the 15 most active
New York Stock Exchange issues, trading nationally at more than one dollar.


Last Chg.
15 3/4 -1/8
59 +2 1/8
117 3/8 +1 7/8
19 3/4 -7/8
211 +46 1/2
46 +5/8
95 1/2 +2 1/2
27 +1/2
40 1/4 +1/2
67 5/8 +3/8
71 1/2 +3 1/2
57 1/2 +3 1/8
29 +1 1/8
45
114 3/4 -1 3/8


NEW YORK (AP) - Sales, closing price and net change of the 10 most active
American Stock Exchange issues, trading nationally at more than one dollar.


Name
EchoBay
WangLabB
BAT Ind
TexasAirCp
Amdahl
BolarPh
MagmaCppr
FruitLoom
Telesphere
AmTribm sc


Volume Last Chg.


1,060,500
994,300
640,200
524,800
501,800
478,900
307,700
290,500
278,400
259,800


16 5/8 +1/4


5 3/4
13 7/8
16 1/8
15 3/8
22 -1
6 3/8
13 1/8
3 3/8
13


+1/8
+5/16
+3/8
+3/8

+1/8
+1/4
+1/8
+7/8


NEW YORK (AP) - Most active over-the-counter stocks supplied by NASD.


Name
Jerico
DSC
MCI
Intel
Oracle s
SunMe s
Byka
AppleC
TelcmA


Last or
Volume Bid/Asked Chg.


3,870,600
2,824,300
2,426,200
2,227,500
2,141,600
1,882,000
1,578,200 2
1,501,900
1,081,500


24 +3 3/8
15 1/8 +3/8
38 1/8 +1
32 3/4 +1
17 1/2 +3/8
15 1/8 +3/8
31-32 -1/2
43 3/4 +1
37 1/8 +1


Name
AmBase
GenElct
IBM
US Shoe
DAL Corp
Exxon
DowChem
AmaxInc
Amer TT
Xerox Cp
AMR Corp
HewlettPk
PanhECp
GenMotors
Disney


Voume
2,795,100
2,391,800
2,209,500
2,199,500
2,103,000
2,002,300
1,921,200
1,825,200
1,625,900
1,624,000
1,569,200
1,493,600
1,479,000
1,366,700
1,336,800


Monday's most active stocks


I







Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989 I


military news



Washington setfor defense budget battle


WASHINGTON (Reuter) --
Virtually lost in the international
glare of hostage tension and U.S.
military posturing last week were the
opening shots in a defense budget
war between President Bush and
Congress.
Such battles are familiar stuff. But
analysts say votes in the House and
Senate last week set the stage for an
especially bruising fall on Capitol
Hill over the president's $305-billion
1990 Pentagon budget.
The fight is not over the amount of
money but where to spend it. The
Senate generally supported Bush's
defense plan while the House made
major changes.
"I can't remember the House and
Senate being so far apart on so many


key programs. You know the White
House and Pentagon are unhappy,"
said Barry Blechman, a defense
analyst with the Johns Hopkins
School of Advanced International
Studies.
Congressional negotiators will
face off in September and the
outcome could hinge on how the
United States modernizes its land-
based nuclear missiles, if and when it
will build a $70-billion radar-evading
Stealth bomber fleet, and further
delays in an anti-missile defense
system.
Bush wants 132 B-2 stealth
bombers at more than $530 million
each, both rail-borne MX and truck-
mounted Midgetman nuclear
missiles and initial deployment of the


AF captain investigated


WASHINGTON (UPI) -- An Air
Force captain being held at Kelly Air
Force Base in San Antonio, Texas, is
under investigation for espionage on
suspicion he may have sold electronic
warfare secrets to the East bloc,
defense officials said Monday.
The Air Force said Capt. John
Vladimir Hirsch, 33, has not been
charged with any crime and he is still
considered on active duty, though he
is not allowed to leave the base and is
accompanied by a security officer.
"The investigation into his activity
is ongoing," Air Force Lt. Col. John
Worthington said from Kelly Air
Force Base. The Air Force has
officially declined to confirm the
investigation involves possible
espionage.
But Pentagon officials who spoke
on condition they not be identified
said Hirsch is suspected of selling
classified documents to the East bloc


while serving as an engineer at the
Electronics Security Command Post
at Tempelhof Central Airport in
West Berlin.
The listening post collects
intelligence data on Warsaw Pact
radar systems and communications.
Defense officials said there is no
direct evidence that Hirsch sold
classified documents to the
communists.
Hirsch was relieved of his duties
last month after a polygraph test,
part of a routine security check,
indicated "some irregularities," one
official said. He refused to take a
second test and a search of his
apartment was ordered.
In the apartment search,
investigators discovered classified
documents and photographs of
NATO military installations,
uncashed Air Force paychecks and
records of bank accounts totaling


"Star Wars" missile defense
program, within a decade.
Republicans in Congress warn
that Bush will veto any bill that is
radically different from what he
wants.
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney
praised the Senate and flayed the
House even though both chambers
expressed reservations about the
Pentagon's big project, the batwing
Stealth bomber.
The two houses are split sharply
over Star Wars, with the Senate
voting to give the administration $4.5
billion of the $4.9 billion it sought in
1990 for research into lasers and
other weapons which might shoot
down attacking missiles.
The House, however, slashed the

for spying

more than $120,000, officials said.
Hirsch was .born in Czecho-
slovakia and became a naturalized
American citizen in 1971. He joined
the Air Force in 1979.
Hirsch was assigned to Tempelhof
in September 1988 after serving at
the Lindsey Air Station in Frankfurt,
West Germany, for three years.
At Tempelhof, Hirsch, an
electronics engineer, was chief of a
unit that installed and repaired
machinery used by the Electronic
Security Command for secure radio
and telephone links and to monitor
movements of Soviet bloc aircraft,
radar and communications.
The investigation is being
conducted by the Air Force Office of
Special Investigations. No formal
hearings have been scheduled,
Worthington said.


Navy crew charges captain lied on patrol reports


SAN DIEGO (UPI) -- The
crewmen of a Navy nuclear
submarine say they were ordered to
withhold information that their
vessel was outmaneuvered by Soviet
subs and once nearly collided with a
rare Soviet Akula submarine, it was
reported at the weekend.
Both current and former crewmen
of the San Diego-based La Jolla,
most speaking on the condition of
anonymity, told the San Diego
Union they were "routinely" told to
alter reports of embarrassing
incidents at sea in 1986 and 1987 by
two commanding officers.
An inclination to "paper over
problems" involving the La Jolla
crippled morale aboard the
submarine and possibly com-
promised the Navy's intelligence
about developing trends in U.S-
Soviet sub interactions, crew
members and Pentagon sources who
were not named told the newspaper.
The sub's commanding and
executive officers in 1986-88, Capt.
Kent MacNeill and Cmdr. Tom
Rogers, declined to comment on the
allegations. Both men now command
other Navy submarines.
A Navy spokesman said the
allegations were examined by a
Naval Investigative Service inquiry
and a Defense Department hot line
probe.
The NIS probe focused on a
charge that Rogers, upon learning
119 secret slides of Soviet ships and
submarines were lost, ordered a


navigator to file a report saying the
slides had been destroyed.
Both the NIS and the -hot line
probes were closed after finding no
substantiation of the charges, said
Lt. Cmdr. Mark Blackington.
But crew members disagreed with
the findings, saying MacNeill and
Rogers did not want their superiors
to know the La Jolla was often
outfoxed at sea by quieter, more
advanced Soviet subs.
Retired Senior Chief Petty Officer
Joe Simon recalled several occasions
when Soviet subs, equipped with
more effective sonar detection,
discovered the La Jolla at sea and
bested it at underwater cat-and-
mouse games.
In one instance, the La Jolla
stumbled upon and nearly collided
with an exceptionally quiet Akula
sub, the Soviets' most advanced
nuclear-powered sub.
After such incidents, Rogers
handed the ship's plotting
coordinators false specifications and
told them to reconstruct plot lines on
official charts to indicate "that we
never got closer to anything we
tracked than the minimum trail
range," Simon told newspaper.
"I went up to Rogers to ask why we
were changing what was true ...
He said he wanted a good clean
patrol report," Simon said.
MacNeill, whose sub management
style "would rival John Wayne,"
according to one crewman, once kept
the submarine at sea nearly two


months with a serious mechanical
problem, said crew members.
During MacNeill's last patrol as
commanding officer of the La Jolla,
a VH-2 valve, a hull valve designed to
withstand water pressure at lower
depths and protect the ship from
flooding, became stuck open.
Instead of reporting the problem
to fleet officials and coming up for
repairs, MacNeill ordered his crew to
be alert for possible flooding, the
crew members said.


request to $3.1 billion and analysts
predict the compromise will be closer
to the House version.
"You have differences in very high-
cost programs coming together with
a determination by the White House
and Congress to cut defense
spending," said Blechman.
"Everybody will get his toes stepped
on somewhere."
The new F-14D fighter jet and the
vertical-takeoff V-22 marine
transport aircraft are also points of
contention.
The Senate approved Cheney's call
to cancel the manufacture of both
planes, but congressmen from states
where the two aircraft are being built
pressured the House into restoring
both programs.


Intercept system

proves workable

in Star Wars tests

WASHINGTON (UPI) -The
Pentagon announced last week a
successful "Star Wars" test that
demonstrated key technologies
needed to locate an enemy missile
and guide an intercepting rocket
to destroy it.
In the test conducted Tuesday in
a special hangar at Edwards Air
Force Base, Calif., an interceptor
test vehicle hovered 30 feet in the
air and, using a sophisticated
infrared sensor, found and was
able to "lock on" to a relatively
dim missile nearby in the presence
of a bright plume from a rocket
motor.
At the same time, the vehicle
used its engines to maneuver to
remain locked onto the missile.
"Very importantly, this test
demonstrated the vehicle's ability
to acquire and track a target, as
well as the sensor's ability to
recognize the hard body of a
missile," an Air Force spokesman
said.
The test vehicle is the prototype
of a space-based interceptor,
which would be launched into
orbit and would find, track and
lock-on to any enemy missile in
flight and then launch an
intercepting rocket to destroy it.
iti -









8 Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


ToSoSte hat


1. Richard Marx "Right Here
Waiting," (EMI) Last Week: No. 3
2. Paula Abdul "Cold Hearted,"
(Virgin) No. 4
3. Roxette "Dressed For Suc-
cess," (EMI) No. 9
4. Karyn White "Secret Rendezv-
ous," (Warner) No. 7
5. Debbie Gibson "No More
Rhyme," (Atlantic) No. 5\
6. Gloria Estefan "Don't Wanna
Lose You," (Epic) No. 6
7. L.L. Cool J "I'm Just That Type
Of Guy," (Def Jam/Columbia) No. 8
8. New Kids On The Block
"Hangin' Tough," (Columbia) No. 10
9. Donny Osmond "Sacred Emo-
tion," (Capitol) No. 11
10. Michael Damian "Cover Of
Love," (Cypress/A&M) No. 15


1. Jonathan Butler "Sarah,
Sarah," (Jive/RCA) Last Week: No. 2
2. Teddy Riley Featuring Guy
"My Fantasy," (Motown) No. 3
3. Stephanie Mills "Something In
The Way (You Make Me Feel),"
(MCA) No. 4
4. Alyson Williams Featuring
Nikki D "My Love Is So Raw," (Def
Jam/Columbia) No. 6
5. Special Ed "I Got It Made,"
(Profile) No. 7
6. Aretha Franklin/Whitney
Houston "It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't
Never Gonna Be," (Arista) No. 8
7. Babyface "It's No Crime,"
(Solar) No. 9
8. Public Enemy "Fight The
Power," (Motown) No. 10
9. The Isley Bros. "Spend The
Night (Ce Soir)," (Warner Bros.) No.
11
10. Natalie Cole Duet With
Freddie Jackson "I Do," (EMI) No.
17


I-jzi-


1. Keith Whitley "I Wonder Do
You Think Of Me," (RCA) Last Week:
No. 2
2. Randy Travis "Promises,"
(Warner Bros.) No. 3
3. Willie Nelson "Nothing I Can
Do About It Now," (Columbia/CBS)
No. 4
4. The Forester Sisters "Don't
You," (Warner) No. 5
5. Highway 101 "Honky Tonk
Heart," (Warner) No. 6
6. The Judds "Let Me Tell You
About Love," (Curb/RCA) No. 7
7. Clint Black "Killin' Time,"
(RCA) No. 8
8. Southern Pacific "Any Way
The Wind Blows," (Warner Bros.)
No. 9
9. Rodney Crowell "Above And
Beyond," (Columbia/CBS) No. 10
10. Ricky Van Shelton "Living
Proof," (Columbia/CBS) No. 20
� 1989 by King Features Synd.


ARIES (March 21 to April 19) A
new project of an exciting nature
will get your creative juices flowing
at this time. Shopping for the home
and family is highly favored. It
would be premature to speak of a
financial matter now with a close
friend. Unexpected travel looms in
your immediate future.
TAURUS (April 20 May 20) This
week the morning hours are much
more favorable for real estate deal-
ings and job interests. Guard against
a mix-up regarding a business
appointment Rapport with a mate
makes you especially happy now,
though an evening engagement may
have to be suddenly cancelled.
GEMINI (May 21 to June 20) A
misunderstanding with a mate or
close friend could occur this week
leaving you a bit depressed. How-
ever, make sure you are not over-
reacting or blowing the situation out
of proportion. A difficult situation
on the job front is not as hopeless as
it currently appears. Be patient.
CANCER (June 21 to July 22)
Bonds of friendship will grow stron-
ger now. However, it's not the best
of times to be giving unsolicited
advice in either business or the
personal life of a close friend.
Instead, be a good and understand-
ing listener. Unexpected romance
looms this weekend with a busy
social schedule.
LEO (July 23 to August 22) If you
ignore a loved one's feelings this
week, you are certainly sure to hear
about it. In addition, if you over-
spend at this time you'll certainly
have later regrets. On a happier note,
though, your career goals take
dramatic steps forward this week.
VIRGO (August 23 to September
22) If you want a project completed
now, either on the homefront or at
the office, it's best to do it yourself.
Others could slip up and this leads
to a major misunderstanding. Merri-
ment is the theme for the weekend
with renewed love interests favored.
LIBRA (September 23 to October


22) Work is an uphill battle at times
this week, but you'll benefit greatly
from it. This week the theme is
recreation. Romance goes well, but
tempers could flair over a minor
misunderstanding. Your need for
closeness could prove overwhelm-
ing to a romantic tie.
SCORPIO (October 23 to Novem-
ber 21) This could be a week of
extravagance, so watch your credit.
Feelings fluctuate between risk-
taking and being overly cautious.
For this reason, it is crucial at this
time to investigate all matters thor-
oughly. Be attentive.
SAGITTARIUS (November 22 to
December 21) Though this week is
favored for dating or renewed
harmony with your spouse, there
may be some stresses and strains in
the relationship. Defuse this tension
by keeping the lines of communica-
tion open. You may have mixed
feelings about a trip.
CAPRICORN (December 22 to
January 19) You may not get as
much privacy as you'd like now.
However, a tense situation with a
friend or mate will be resolved by
week's end. A honcho on the job
may be hard to convince now and a
co-worker may be harder to get
along with.
AQUARIUS (January 20 to
February 18) You'll get a domestic
squabble settled to your satisfaction
this week. A social obligation comes
early in the week. In addition, you'll
finally finish up a lot of loose ends,
especially on the financial front.
Your income should improve dra-
matically.
PISCES (February 19 to March
20) Your career goals are idealistic
now, so keep an eye on practicalities
as well. Be wary of household
guests, who overstay their welcome
and become a handful. Your judg-
ment is extremely good at this time
where real estate and shopping is
concerned.
� 1989 by King Features Synd.


Q. Is it true that Joan Collins looks as beautiful in person as she
does on TV? R.R., San Antonio, Texas
A. Absolutely! Recently, at the Cannes film festival, nobody there looked
better than Joan. Ms. Collins prides herself on her everyday appearance, and
unlike when under the heavy lights of the cameras, she does not wear a wig.
In fact, Joanie wore a wig quite a bit on "Dynasty" to protect her beautiful
hair - and in person it is beautiful with a capital "B," as is the rest of the
actress!

Q. I know this question comes up every day, but will this be the
last television season for Larry Hagman as J.R. on "Dallas?" E.L.,
Oklahoma City. Okla.

/'Y
ANA'~ '"


!,,Z:
a-

... .....
A. Only if the show is cancelled, and that is highly unlikely. Besides,
Hagman earns around $150,000 an episode and he knows a good thing when
he has one - unlike many other actors in the business. J.R. has been ,very
good to Larry and he absolutely loves the role and never grows tired of it. In
fact, he has stated that as long as people want J.R. Ewing on television, he'll
be honored to oblige.

Q. We all know that the cameras can either highlight or hide an
actor's imperfections. Case in point: Ken Wahl. I would like to know
why the actor feels that he is not that attractive and why he is
somewhat amazed by people Who feel he is the sexiest:man alive, as I
do? G.D., Boston, Mass.
A. Ken likes to feel that people are attracted to him on the screen because
he has heart. Stated Wahl: "I have crooked teeth. I've got only one eyebrow.
My mouth is crooked and my nose is crooked."

Q. Whatever happened to that "Odd Couple" television special
that you wrote about a few months ago. Did I miss it? And, what is
Tony Randall up to these days? C.D., Anchorage, Alaska
A. You did not miss the special reuniting Randall with Jack Klugman as the
dynamic duo of Felix and Oscar. The project was put back and will be shown
early next year. When dates are available, this space will be happy to print
the times. Otherwise, Mr. Randall has been very busy as usual. This week, in
fact, the extremely talented and dapper actor will be replacing John
Rubinstein in the award-winning Broadway play "M. Butterfly." B.D. Wong
will continue in the lead role, which he copped a Tony Award for.

Q. Exactly how old is Dolly Parton? M.C., Athens, Ga.
A. Dolly proudly admits to being 43 years of age. In fact, Dolly says she has
never felt or looked better in her life. I agree.



Americans save more in 1989
After a low of 3.2 percent in 1987, Americans increased their personal
savings rate to 6.0 percent of disposable personal income in the first
quarter of 1989. This is well below the rate reached in 1973, however,
when the average American personal savings rate was 9.4 percent.
U.S. PERSONAL SAVINGS RATE, 1973-1989
As a percent of disposable
personal income:


73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89*

'ist quarter data, seasonally adjusted annual rate.
SOURCE: U.S. DOp. o Cowmnsmc IWotaphics 1908 North AMwka Syndicat. Inc.


. YorHrocp







Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989 7


lifestyle


Ultra: GM
Editor's note: For each car written
about in his weekly Roadtalk
column, UPI Auto Writer Jan
Zverina test drives the vehicle for
about one week, driving it between
250 and 500 miles on both city and
rural roads.)

by Jan A. Zverina
UPI Auto Writer

DETROIT (UPI) -- The best seat
in the house is not in the house
anymore. It's in the Buick Park
Avenue Ultra, and the price of
admission begins at more than
$26,000.
The Ultra is Buick's most
luxurious full-sized car, based on the
front-drive Park Avenue sedan first
introduced for 1985. It is expressly
designed for what the, General
Motors division calls the "mature"
motorist, or older folks who wish to
be pampered every mile of the way in
cushy comfort.
Within the Ultra is something no
other car has -- something which
would embarrass any self-respecting
Barcalounger, Stratolounger or La-
Z-Boy recliner.
It's an orthodpedically designed
leather front seat that adjusts no less
than 20 ways. Besides the six


designs car
adjusting buttons on the driver's
inside door, 16 more are found on a
touch-sensitive display screen which
flips up from the seat's center
console.
Controls for both the driver and
passenger sides include adjustments
for thigh and lumbar supports, as
well as four-way adjustments for
each headrest.
There is even a memory circuit to
lock in pre-programmed settings so
one does not have to fiddle with these
adjustments after someone else has
set them another way.
About the only thing missing are
the four portholes along the sides of
the hood, which for years told the
world you were driving a one of


for 'mature' motorists


America's premium automobiles.
The Ultra is obviously a car for
those used to all the excesses of the
rolling land yachts of yesteryear,
combined with the efficiencies of
today's smaller, front-drive cars.
Relatively modern technology
lurks beneath the Buick Ultra's
formal exterior. The only engine
offered is GM's 3.8 liter "3800" V6,
rated at 165 horsepower at 4,800
rpm. It is coupled to a 4-speed
automatic transaxle with overdrive.
EPA fuel estimates are 19 mpg in
the city, rising to 29 mpg on the
highway, nearly double what a Park
Avenue could manage 10 years ago.
All the usual amenities are
standard, as are anti-lock brakes,
automatic front seat belts, climate
control and AM-FM stereo. Extra
sound insulation and a two-tone
paint job are also standard.
The Park Avenue Ultra evaluated
for this review cost $29,290 as tested
-- competitively- priced when
compared with other large luxury
sedans these days but downright
outrageous considering it is based on
a GM sedan now in its fifth year.
Major options included a full vinyl
roof for a whopping $895, as well as
an upgraded stereo ($357) and
electronic dash instrumentation


($299).
The 3,427-pound Ultra rides on a
110.8-inch wheelbase, and has the
hushed-boulevard ride expected of
most luxury sedans. The key is what
Buick calls its Dynaride suspension
system - basically specially designed
shock absorbers.
But it's overall feel is certainly not
outstanding. Noise from rough
pavement or expansion joints still
seep into the interior from below,
while a fair degree of wind noise is
present from the sides.
Its transverse-mounted, fuel
injected V6 engine offers more than
adequate power, and performed
flawlessly under.all conditions. It is
also very accessible from a service
standpoint -- something not very
common in luxury cars loaded with
underhood accessories.
Emergency handling, helped by its
anti-skid brakes, is also more than
adequate for a sedan of this size and
weight.
Buick hopes to sell 6,000 Ultras for
1989, each one backed by GM's three
year/50,000 mile comprehensive
warranty.
Those well-heeled buyers looking
for the best seat in the house may
want to consider parking the Buick
Ultra in their garages.


Notebook computers offer users 'office in a briefcase'


TOKYO (Reuter) - "An office in
a briefcase." That was the dream of a
California computer visionary nearly
two decades ago. Now it's nearing
reality.
A new generation of "notebook
computers" are slim enough to slip
into a briefcase or a coat pocket.
They are far lighter but just as
powerful as bulkier "laptops" of
several years ago. They can send
faxes or electronic mail, display
moving images, process words or
crunch numbers.
Their convenience will create new
computer converts and bring closer
the era in which personal computers
are as indispensable as pen and
paper, industry analysts said.
To be sure, today's notebook
models are not the answer for the
experienced computer user addicted
to software requiring powerful
machines with color displays.
Most notebook models also
cannot run for more than a few hours
on batteries. They must - and will
-become even lighter before
becoming standard in the
businessman's briefcase.
Still, they are getting closer to the
dream of computer visionary Alan
Kay, who in 1972 conceived of a
small, easy-to-use computer called
Dynabook - a dynamic notebook.
American and Japanese
companies have taken, two
approaches to miniaturize and
lighten the laptop, which is still better
termed "luggable" than "portable."
Toshiba and other firms have kept
the standard 3.5-inch floppy disc
drive used in most personal
computers to store files and
application programs. The
advantage to this is compatibility
with most laptops and desktop PCs.
But the drives are heavy and drain the
battery.
Others, from Zenith Data
Systems, NEC Corp. and other firms,
have replaced floppies with IC cards
-- a package of memory chips packed
in a slab the size of a credit card.


IC cards can be read without
moving parts, making them lighter,
smaller and more efficient and
reliable than floppies, which
sometimes die a sudden death if
scratched.
Although technically superior, the
IC card format suffers from a lack of
software and standards, making
cards incompatible among different
brands.
"I don't think the IC card format
will be well accepted until standards
are set. It will take two or three
years," said Nagayoshi Nakano, an
analyst at market research firm
Dataquest, Japan.
However, one California start-up
Poqet Computer Corp., plans to use
IC cards in what may be the world's
smallest computer company,
compatible with an IBM-PC.
Expected to be introduced later
this month at just under $2,000, the
computer weighs just one pound and
can slip into a coat pocket. It can run
for 100 hours on batteries. Poqet is
bankrolled and technologically
backed by Fujitsu.
Atari Corp. and other firms also
plan to sell pocket-sized models.
However, some say miniaturiza-
tion has gone too far.
"It's crucial to have a full-sized
keyboard to enter data comfortably,"
said Dataquest's Nakano.
"The notebook size is the limit.
Smaller machines will be used only
by salesmen or marketing executives
for entering data in the field."
Japanese computer makers seem to
concur, and are planning to unleash a
slew of new notebook-sized models
with 3.5-inch floppy drives.
Toshiba, the world's biggest laptop
maker, has just begun selling a new
model, named DynaBook after Kay's
conception.
Analysts expect the six-pound
model to sell well because it is the
cheapest of the new range, priced at
under $1,450.
"Until now, laptops have been
mainly for people whose work


involved information processing. But
our new machine is for the average
person," said Masayuki Sato, a
technical strategist at Toshiba.
Toshiba hopes to sell 300,000 units
in Japan in the next 2 1/2 years-just
over half its current domestic sales.
Overseas sales have not been
planned.
That figure may be optimistic,
however, because Sharp, NEC,
Fujitsu and others are also
developing new notebook models
with .5-inch floppies. And Zenith, the
most popular U.S. make; has just
unveiled a machine using two-inch
floppies, industry analysts said:


With the rush of new models,
notebook-sized computers could
grab up to 10 percent of the booming
laptop market a year from now,
Dataquest's Nakano said.
Global laptop sales, including the
heavier models which predominate,
are expected to be worth some $3.5
billion this year and continue
growing at 35 percent annually to
-nearly $12 billion in 1993.
In 1989 sales will double to some
500,000 units in both Japan and
Europe. In the more mature U.S.
Market, where about 850,000 laptops
were sold last year, sales will grow by
24 percent, Nakano added.


Laughter affects temperature


ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) -
Laughter may not be the best
medicine, but putting on a smile
can have a mood-mellowing effect
that's more than skin deep.
Changes in the muscles of the
face can indirectly raise or lower
the temperature of the blood to the
brain, affecting the release of
mood-altering chemicals, said
University of Michigan
psychologist Robert Zajonc.
The muscle changes alter the
temperature of blood in the
cavernous sinus, a vein that wraps
around a nasal-artery carrying
blood to the brain, said Zajonc,
whose research was published in
the July issue of Psychological
Review.
"I do not claim that temperature
change is the only way of inducing
emotional state. But the theory
helps explain a number of curious
phenomena. For example, it
might explain why placebo pills
are so frequently effective."
People who take placebos may
momentarily change their
breathing patterns and facial
expressions, indirectly changing
the temperature in regions of the
brain that release pain-reducing


chemicals called endorphins, he
said.
In experiments on facial
movement unrelated to emotions,
Zajonc asked 26 people to
pronounce and comment on vowel
sounds. The subjects preferred
"ah" and "ee" sounds, which
prompted a decrease in
temperature.
The theory that facial
expressions may influence
emotions first was raised in 1907
by French physician Israel
Waynbaum, who believed that the
muscles' pressure on arteries
partly controlled how much blood
reached the brain.


I I








1 O Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989

K S C s


ACROSS
1. Whip handle
5. Fragment
9. To slip
10. Natural
elevations
12. Veinlike
deposit
13. Flounder
about
14. Evening
- (poet.)
15. Vex *
16. Plural
pronoun
17. Of the
west
19. Wine
receptacle
20. Owned
21. One who
lies
22. Endured
25. Flowerless
plants
26. Listen
27. Sprite
28. Writing
fluid
29. Disturbance
33. Music'
note
34. Irritat-
ingly self-
sufficient
person
35. Affirma-
tive vote
36. Edible
roots, of
taros
38. Discharge
a guni


39. Drench
40. Vexed
41. Places
42. Botch
DOWN
1. A spice
2. Is borne
3. Poem
4. Hebrew
letter
5. A series of
connected
links
6. A-Confederate
general
7. Sick
8. One who
operates


a plow
9. Killed
11. Declares
solemnly
13. Promise
15. Peruse
18. God of
thunder
19. Breeze
21. Remaining
22. Counties
(Eng.)
23. Ancient
Turkish
island in
Aegean Sea
24. Tree
25. Ensign


27. Ancient
country
29. American
Indians
30. Appendages
31. Journeys
ina
circuit
32. Bamboo-like
grass
34. Pole
37. Owing
38. Exclama-
tion of
disgust
40. Ream
(abbr.)


"Prepare to bivouac when we reach the top, pass it on!"

Answers to King Cross-
word


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HERE IS A PLEASANT LITTLE GAME that will give you a
message every day. It's a numerical puzzle designed to
spell out your fortune. Count the letters in your first name. If
the number of letters is 6 or more, subtract 4. If the number
is less than 6, add 3. The result is your key number. Start at
the upper left-hand corner and check one of your key
numbers, left to right. Then read the message the letters
under the checked figures give you.


"I'll have to take it to the shop. In the meantime, Leon will stay here
and insult your intelligence."
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Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


11


sportsI


Pro Football Hall of Fame inducts four players


CANTON, Ohio (AP) - Art Shell
considers his induction into the Pro
Football Hall of Fame August 5 as a
tribute to those who don't keep their
eyes only on the ball.
"I guess this shows that there were
people out there watching the line
play," the former Oakland and Los


Angeles Raider offensive tackle said.
"That maybe there were some people
who recognized what offensive
linemen and 'defensive linemen are
capable of doing,"
Joining Shell in the class of 1989
were two other players from blue-
collar positions - defensive backs


Willie Wood of Green Bay and
Pittsburgh's Mel Blount - and one of
the glamour quarterbacks of the
1970s and 1980s, the Steelers' Terry
Bradshaw.
If Shell, Blount and Wood didn't
get as much publicity as Bradshaw,
one thing the four share is success.
All together they won 10 Super Bowl
championship rings.
Each of the four spent his entire
career with the same franchise. And
all four gave credit to the systems
which developed them.
The 6-foot-5, 285-pound Shell, a
third-round pick out of Maryland-
Eastern Shore in 1968, was an
integral part of the Raiders' Super
Bowl victories in 1977 and 1981.
Wood, who intercepted 48 passes
between 1960 and 1971 while winning
two Super Bowls with the Packers,
said he only wished that his late
coach, Vince Lombardi, were present
for his induction.
"Lombardi put a new meaning to
the game of football," he said. "He
equated football with life. And now I
have come to believe those things,
too.
When the going gets tough, you have
to resort back to the basics - I learned
that in Green Bay. Those long days
and stern talks always seem to pop up
in my life."


Wood played at Southern Cal.
Ironically, he had come to Southern
Cal in the first place because he was
recruited by Davis, then assisting the
program.
He caught on with the Packers as a
free agent after a letter-writing
campaign to various NFL teams.
Blount and Bradshaw share more
than a common team and those four
rings. Both were high draft choices
out of small colleges in 1970. Both
played through the 1983 season.
Blount intercepted 57 passes and
recovered 13 opposition fumbles.
He is currently director of player
relations in the NFL office.
Blount was presented by Steelers
president Dan Rooney.
Bradshaw, a 6-3, 210-pounder out
of Louisiana Tech, completed 2,025
of his 3,901 career passes for almost
16 miles in yardage. He threw for 212
touchdowns.
Twice he was named most valuable
player in a Super Bowl, in 1979 and
again in 1980.
Over the last three years, Blount
and Bradshaw are the third and
fourth former Steelers to be elected
to the hall in their first year of
eligibility.
They join Jack Ham (1988) and Joe
Greene (1987).


Will ie Wood





Are drugs causing a problem in
your life? There is a. solution.
Narcotics Anonymous meet every
' nday and Thursday at 8 p.m.
bllding 6550, Corozal.


Lundquist introduces Bradsha


PITTSBURGH (AP) - Terry
Bradshaw's selection of CBS
broadcasting partner Vern
Lundquist to introduce him for
induction into the Football Hall of
Fame hasn't won him fans among
his former teammates.
"I was hoping he would have
picked someone from the Steelers
to do that," retired center Ray
Mansfield said of Saturday's
presentation.
Bradshaw said he chose
Lundquist because he feels close to
him.
The former Pittsburgh Steelers
quarterback led the team to an
unsurpassed four Super Bowl


victories, but he has nothing to do
with the organization now.
Since retiring earlier this decade,
he has been back to Three Rivers
Stadium just once, for a short tape
recording.
Many say he's upset with the
way he was treated by coaches and
fans during his last season, during
which he was injured...
"It's tragic," said former guard
Gerry "Moon" Mullin. ;:"It's a
personal decision on Ter as part,
and I'm not going to question it,
but I think it's a real shame he's
chosen to isolate himsek from
everyone."


49'ers, Rams hold football clinic in Japan


TOKYO (AP) - Japan's crash
course in American football extends
from the field to the boardroom and
even to the subway.
So far, the students get "A" for
doryoku or effort and "incomplete"
for results.
A wide receiver for the St. Paul's
Rushers, one of 500 university teams
in Japan, hung his head after
dropping a long pass from Kevin
Sweeney, the San Francisco 49ers'
reserve quarterback, at a clinic. But
he charged back up the field and
hung onto the ball the next time, to
the cheers of his fellow Rushers.
"No doubt it'll be a few years till
they catch up to Notre Dame's level,
but you know they'll work at it hard,"
Sweeney said. "They were real
receptive to us today. They're a hard-
working people."
Ninety uniformed players from the
Rushers and the Seijo Orange
Beams, whose nickname is catchier
than their record, received
instruction from 49ers and Los
Angeles Rams players here for
Sunday's American Bowl preseason


NFL game. It was a lesson the
Japanese players said they will repeat
over and over in practice.
"Their throwing is very quick, and
the wide receivers move very fast.
And the linemen are so huge - they
are like bears and we're like rats."
Even football cheerleaders went to
school. Cheerleaders for the 49ers
and Rams ran a two-hour training
camp for cheerleaders from six
universities in Tokyo at Meiji
University.
Meanwhile, Japanese corporate
executives are working overtime to
turn the citizenry into hard-core
football fans. The months-long
promotion of the game is
culminating this week in a flurry of
TV commercials, billboards, subway
placards and sponsor hype.
Corporate executives in three-
piece suits, wearing white "American
Bowl '89" caps, have stood on the
sidelines at each of the 49er and Ram
practices. The game is a nonprofit
venture, they claim, but they are
watching it with the scrutiny of
speculators looking to invest in a new


market.
"Since Japan has become so strong
economically and there is a lot of
friction with the U.S., we'd like to
promote better understanding
between our two countries," Gyo
Ishiguro said through an interpreter
wearing a black and silver Los
Angeles Raiders cap.
Ishiguro works for the culture and
sports promotion department of
Yomiuri Shimbun, the world's
largest daily newspaper with a
circulation of 9.3 million and co-
sponsor of the game.
"Since football is very popular in
the states, we'd like to show it to the
Japanese public," he said. "It's
modern, it requires a lot of
knowledge and it's exciting
physically, so it has the potential to
be a big sport here."
Spreading the word about
touchdown passes and safety blitzes
translates to greater publicity for
Yomiuri Shimbun, Toshiba and
Nippon Television, the major
sponsors.


Baseball Standings
As of August 8
AMERICAN
East Division
V L Pet. GB
Baltimore 57 53 .518 -
Toronto 56 56 .500 2
Boston 54 55 .405 2 1/2
Cleveland 54 57 .486 3 1/2
'(ilaukee 54 58 .48
Iew York 53 59 .473 5
Detroit 40 71 .369 17 1/
West Division
V L Pf.. 3B
California 67 43 .800
Oakland 67 45 .598 1
Kansas City 61 50 .550 6 1/2
Texas 58 52 .527 9
Minnesota 56 56 .500 12
Settle 53 58 .477 4 1/2
Chicago 47 64 .423 20 1/2

NATIONAL
East Division
V L Pet. GB
Chicago 64 48 .571
Montreal 63 49 .563 1
St. Louis 58 50 .537 4
Yew York 58 52 .527 5
Pittsburgh 47 64 .423 16 1/2
Phila 45 66 .405 18 !2
West Division
V L Pet. OB
San Fran 64 48 .571 -
Houston 62 50 .554 2
San Diego 56 56 .500 8
Cincinnati 53 58 .477 10 1/2
Los Angeles 53 60 .489 11 1/2
Atlanta 45 67 .402 19


~*Li~lr
u*--~








Tropic Times
Aug. 9, 1989


Columbia's launch elates NASA officials


CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (UPI)
- Jubilant space officials heralded
Tuesday's launch of the shuttle
Columbia as a triumphant end to the
long and painful recovery process
from the 1986 Challenger disaster.
Columbia, NASA's original
shuttle built a decade ago, returned
to space after being grounded 3 1/2
years ago for extensive refitting and
modification prompted by the deadly
explosion of Challenger.
The mood at launch control "was
one of elation," said Forrest
McCartney, director of Kennedy
Space Center, after Columbia
punched through a low-hanging
morning fog and thundered into
orbit. "Next to STS-26 (the first post-
Challenger flight), it stands pretty
doggone tall."
Columbia's last launch was Jan.
12, 1986, just 16 days before the
Challenger explosion put the shuttle
program on hold.
"Congratulations not only to the
launch team for the effort in the final
phases but the whole program team
that put Columbia back together,
which as you know was over a three-
year effort," launch director Robert
Sieck said after Columbia lifted off
on a secret military mission.
"It was a good one," Sieck said of
Tuesday's picture-perfect blastoff.
"We'd like to have more of them.
And with three vehicles in fleet status


now we are looking forward to more
of them."
Columbia joins Discovery and
Atlantis in NASA's fleet of flight-
ready shuttles. Another orbiter,
called Endeavour, is scheduled to go
into service in 1992.
Sieck offered "an attaboy and an
attagirl for everyone on the project."
McCartney proclaimed
Columbia's mission as the successful
conclusion of the effort to return the
shuttle program to its pre-Challenger
capacity.


"Once we fly it and recover it, the
recovery program will have been
fully executed " he said.
McCartney also disputed
widespread descriptions of
Columbia as a "hangar queen,"
sitting mothballed and dismantled
and being robbed of spare parts to
help keep its newer counterparts
flying.
"I would call it as good as new in
terms of the way it performed in the
final phases of checkout," Sieck said
of Columbia. "It's just like it was


...



SIZZLER - Londoners gather around the fountains in Trafalgar Square
last month as temperatures reached a sizzling 93.5 Fahrenheit, the highest
for 13 years. AsBritain's heatwave continued, London was hotter than many
popular European holiday resorts. (AP Laserphoto)


when it started out. It's going to be a
gem of a vehicle."
"From a launch standpoint, we've
got them all back into flight status,"
Sieck said of the shuttle fleet. "Of
course, as shuttle missions go, you
like to see it perform in flight and
we'll be watching that close over the
next few days.
"But we're looking forward to a
smooth mission and a landing, and to
get the vehicle back home and get
into the three-vehicle and flow
operation we had three to four years
ago," he said.
The Challenger disaster, which
killed the ship's seven-member crew
Jan. 28, 1986, was blamed on a faulty
seal in one of its solid-rocket
boosters. The boosters were re-
designed and more than 200 changes
were ordered to make the spacecraft
safer.
McCartney called the refurbished
Columbia "as flight-worthy as the
other vehicles and I can't see any
difference between any of the three."
"We have modified all three birds
and flown all three birds now and
we've had five total flights within a
year. And we think that's a milestone
we can be proud of," he said.
"We're America's launch team,
and we're proud to be America's
launch team," he said. "We think we
do a good job of it."


Soviet softporn makes Pravda editors see red


MOSCOW (UPI) - One offshoot
of Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev's "glasnost" drive makes
the editors at Pravda see red: the
"parade of vulgarity" at kiosks now
selling erotic calendars and pinup-
girl postcards.
Pravda, official organ of the
Communist Party, criticized the
seamier side of the country's
resurgent free enterprise Tuesday in
an article mocking booths peddling
pictures of naked women in the giant
Siberian city of Novosibirsk.


"These beauties are obviously
lacking clothing. Their clothes are,
putting it mildly, scarce - at least for
the severe Siberian climate," Pravda
said.
"Their barely covered or
completely bare attractions plaster
kiosk windows."
Novosibirsk, the country's eighth-
largest city with 1.4 million people, is
not alone in profiting from the sale of
materials that barely would qualify
as "soft porn" in the West but offend
many straight-laced Soviets.


The tamest of the pictures are
about as daring as those in mid-1960s
vintage Playboy Magazine,
emphasizing the bared breast and
alluring smile. Even the most risque
don't dare show a woman's genitals
or explicit sexual acts and few are of
high photographic quality.
The editors at Pravda would have
nothing of such distinctions.
"These calendars, scrutinized by
teenagers of both sexes, scream of
depravity and baseness," Pravda said
in an article under the headline "A


Tests expose Packer as killer, cannibal


LAKE CITY, Colo (UPI) -
Scientists working on a century-old
mystery say they have evidence that
two victims of cannibal Alfred
Packer were killed by severe blows to
the head.
Two skulls unearthed by
excavation teams digging at the
presumed gravesite of Packer's five
companions show evidence of
multiple blows, possibly inflicted by
a blunt ax or hatchet, forensic
experts said.
The skulls are among hundreds of
bones and bone fragments
discovered at the 115-year-old burial
site in southwest Colorado.
Scientists have found bones from
four of the five men so far, including


one nearly intact skeleton.
Work was to continue at the
gravesite until at least Saturday, then
the remains will be sent to the
University of Arizona for analysis.
Scientists hope to use the laboratory
examinations to separate fact and
fiction in the notorious case.
In February of 1874, Packer led
five prospectors into the San Juan
Mountains to look for gold, despite
warnings to wait until spring. Two
months later, he was the only one to
emerge alive, showing up at an
Indian agency with tales of cold and
starvation.
Packer, who was convicted of
manslaughter in all five deaths,
admitted he ate the flesh of his


companions to survive.
Project leader James Starrs of
George Washington University said
the finding of the crushed skulls
doesn't necessarily indicate Packer
was guilty. He said there was
probably more than one assailant,
because one person wouldn't have
been able to overpower all five
victims.
Scientists also will look for knife
marks on the bones and other
evidence to determine whether the
bodies were butchered and later
cooked.
"We hope to come up with
indications of cannibalism," said
forensic pathologist Bill Anderson of
Naples, Fla.


Parade of Vulgarity."
Fueled by Gorbachev's campaign
of "glasnost," or openness,
homemade erotic pictures also have
appeared at kiosks in cosmopolitan
Moscow, and Pravda said state-run
booths are joining privately owned
cooperative kiosks in the race to
make money off nudity.
The Anshlag cooperative is selling
the steamy calendars for 1 ruble each
- about $1.65 - at Novosibirsk's
Tolmachovsky Airport, and the
Temp cooperative across town is
peddling similar fare at the city's
central train station, Pravda said.
The kiosks are also selling
"tempting postcards made in the
fertile lands of (the republic of)
Moldavia," the newspaper said.
"What is this revolutionary spirit
that has taken on the task of sexually
enlightening Dear Mother Siberia,
which has remained in traditional
backwardness?" Pravda asked.
"It must make Western Europe
quiver to see that we are now also
enlightened and free-thinking."
Pravda criticized the "blindness of
Novosibirsk authorities who do not
recognize legalized pornography
when they're staring straight at it"
and lambasted what it called their
"willingness to compromise real
democratization and glasnost by
confusing them with these visual
aids."


.e ceter


by United Press International

Match ignites gas
MOSCOW -- An apartment
building maintenance worker
investigating a gas leak struck a
match and ignited an explosion
that killed 18 people and injured
six in a Ukrainian city, the official
Tass news agency said Tuesday.
Pravda newspaper said the blast
in the basement of a building in


Mogilev-Podolsky, an ancient
city on the Dnestr River,
destroyed 20 apartment units and
damaged 10 others.
Israelis want quiet
JERUSALEM -- Israeli
officials are calling for an end to
unauthorized comments on the
current hostage crisis in hopes of
ending what one politician called
a "disease of the mouth" that
could jeopardize touchy


negotiations. "Any declaration
can hurt because it is a very
delicate issue," said Yossi
Achimeir, spokesman for Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir.
China names targets
BEIJING -- The Chinese
government, facing resistance to
an ongoing campaign to crush
dissent, has sharpened an
investigation of this spring's
democracy movement by


identifying 20 categories of people
as targets for punishment,
Chinese sources said Tuesday.
The sweeping list was issued in an
internal document by the Chinese
Communist Party Central
Committee and the State Council,
China's Cabinet, and has been
circulated among government
officials and party members
during the past week, the sources
said.


12


CPS-/r/-as~-Cv)




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PAGE 1

Gift ofthe Panama Can~a! MuIeuJ Iithe Tropic Times Vol. 11, No. 27 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Aug. 9, 1989 Panama asks for second UN meeting UNITED NATIONS, Reuter -Tuesday Panamanian U.N. Panamanian territory have requestthattheCouncilshouldmeet Panama has asked for a new meeting representative Leonardo Kam continued the dangerous escalation as soon as possible, in public, to of the Security Council to discuss recalled a similar complaint last of their acts of intimidation, renew consideration of the matter." alleged intimidation and aggression April that resulted in a single, provocation and aggression against The April complaint by Panama by U.S. troops based in that country. inconclusive Council session. Panama, in violation of its charged the United States with In a letter to Council President He said: "In view of the fact that sovereignty and territorial integrity interfering in elections scheduled for Hocine Djoudi of Algeria published the United States troops in and of the Panama Canal treaties, I the following month with the aim of unseating the government loyal to Bush, Endara have telephone discussion armed forces chief Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, indicted in the PANAMA CITY, Panama Bush said the U.S. did not wish Venezuelan President Carlos U.S. on drug and racketeering (Reuter) -President Bush to interfere with the will of the Andres Perez in Caracas Sunday charges in February 1988. telephoned Panama's opposition Panamanian people or with the to discuss an opposition proposal, The U nit e d S t ate s, t he leader Monday, saying he hoped military. rejected by the government, for a Panamanian opposition and talks with the government would Washington has been exerting referendum on August 20 to independent electoral observers later solve the country's prolonged political and economic pressure decide whether Noriega should accused Noriega of trying to steal the political crisis, the opposition on Panama to force the ouster of step down. May 7 presidential election the said. military strongman Gen. Manuel Ricardo Arias and Guillermo opposition believes it won by a Bush and Guillermo Endara Antonio Noriega since February Ford, vice-presidential candidates landlside. discussed last week's inconclusive 1988 when two U.S. courts in annulled elections last May, A few days later Panama's talks between the opposition, the indicted him on drug racketeering had talks Monday in Lima with electoral tribunal nullified the vote, government and military, it said in charges. Peruvian leaders and were due to widely seen as a plebiscite on a communique. Endara's closest associates met travel to Colombia Tuesday. Noriega's rule. Carter to lead delegation to Nicaraguan polls ATLANTA (Reuter) -Former The presidents of five Central an agreement in February president Jimmy Carter said American countries agreed Monday committing Nicaragua to making Tuesday he has accepted an on a plan to disband Nicaraguan democratic reforms and holding invitation from the Nicaraguan Contras by December despite strong early elections in return for a pledge government to assemble and lead an opposition from the United States. by the other presidents to draw up a international delegation there to Carter promised in a response to plan to disband the Contras within a monitor elections in February. Ortega's letter that he would "work specified time period. In a letter to Carter released to ensure that the results of a free and Carter and former president Tuesday, Nicaraguan President fair election in Nicaragua will be Gerald Ford served as observers of Daniel Ortega said: "We encourage respected in the United States and elections in Panama last May under 6 you to come to Nicaragua as many the rest of the world regardless of the auspices of the Council of Freely times as you can during the electoral who wins or loses." Elected Heads of Government, a process, to observe all aspects of the Carter, who gained a reputation as group of 15 current and former process, and to meet with the a peacemaker when he served as presidents and prime ministers. members of the Supreme Electoral president between 1976 and 1980, did The same group, formed after a Council, the political parties and the not ask for or receive approval from meeting two years ago at the Carter government. You will have the U.S. government for his planned Center in Atlanta, will act as a unrestricted access to all aspects of role in the elections. sponser for the Nicaraguan observer the process." Central American leaders signed team. Former President Jimmy Carter C. America agrees to disband Contras in 4 months TELA, Honduras (UPI) -Five or FMLN, to negotiate an end to El another summit in Nicaragua before Nobel Peace Prize. Central America presidents dealt a Salvador's 10-year-old civil war that Christmas to review compliance with It marked a victory for Nicaraguan symbolic blow to American policy by has killed nearly 70,000 people. the plan. President Daniel Ortega and a agreeing on a plan to disband Honduran President Jose Azcona, The plan to disband the Contras setback for conservatives in the Bush Nicaragua's U.S.-backed Contra Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega, came on the second anniversary of a administration, who lobbied the rebels in four months, but questions Salvadoran President Alfredo landmark regional peace plan they other Central American leaders to remained whether the rebel force Cristiani, Vinicio Cerezo of signed on Aug. 7, 1987, in Guatemala keep the Contras in place until after would disappear. Guatemala and Arias agreed to hold that won its architect, Arias, the 1987 Nicaraguan elections. "The whole key is to convince the Contras" to voluntarily surrender their arms by Dec. 9 and end their etc er 8-year-old war against the leftist Iran wants frozen $$ more than 150,000 employees completed lines around three Sandinista-led government, said entered its third day with no new major forest fires i Californa John Biehl, an adviser to Costa Rica by United Press International talks scheduled between union and Oregon, but thousands of President Oscar Arias. BEIRUT, Lebanon -Iran tals sche Bete nio and gon s t tosdstof The presidents of Nicaragua, would "use its influence" to help officials and the Bell Atlantic and lightning strikes and predictions Honduras, Costa Rica, Guatemala win freedom for Western hostages NYNEX telephone companies on of temperatures in the 90s and El Salvador concluded a threein Lebanon if the United States the East Coast. throughout the West had fire relesed rozn Irnianassts, torm raks isand bosses jittery. Official at the day summit Monday by announcing released frozen Iranin &ssets, Storm rakes island Interagency Fire Center in Boise, they had signed a complex agreement Iran's official Islamic Republic MIAMI -Hurricane Dean Idaho, said Monday that 12,000 calling on the Contras to disband. News Agency reported Tuesday. raked tiny Sable Island with 76 lightning strikes were recorded in The agreement launches a The report came a day after a U.N. mph winds Tuesday, and raced the West during the weekend, but program by the United Nations and envoy met in Beirut with the north toward southeast apparently did not touch off any the Organization of American States spiritualleader of Hezbollah -the Newfoundland, the National major new blazes. to supervise and encourage the pro-Iranian group believed linked Hurricane Center said. slays disarming in four months of about to the kidnapping of Americans Forecasters said Dean's top Blaze three 10,000 Contras based in southern and other Westerners -and said sustained winds were 80 mph, and LYNN, Mass. -Flames raced Honduras. chances of ending the hostage almost made a direct hit on Sable through a four-story brick In exchange, Nicaragua pledged to crisis had improved. Island, located in the north rooming house early Tuesday, drop a lawsuit against Honduras at Millions miss phones Atlantic about 140 miles south of killing at least three residents and the World Court in The Hague, Striking workers at three the Nova Scotia mainland. Dean leaving up to five others feared Netherlands, charging Honduras regional telephone companies left passed just to the west, but there buried in the rubble. Others with aiding and abetting illegal, millions of customers in 15 states were no immediate reports of escaped by leaping from windows. cross-border Contra raids. and the nation's capital on hold injuries or significant damage. Nearly a dozen people were The presidents also urged a Tuesday as union and company Fire bosses 'ittery injured in the six-alarm blaze, dialogue between the Salvadoran negotiators haggled over wage FJ including two firefighters and two government and the leftist andbenefitissues.Thewalkoutby An army of firefighters policemen. Farabundo Marti Liberation Front,

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2 Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 U.S. news U.S. suspects Higgins was killed long ago WASHINGTON (Reuter) --The World, which said it killed Higgins in released, said the body shown had U.S. officials, wary of the U.S. government Monday said retaliation for Israel's July 28 seizure none of the characteristic signs of unpredictability of events in the officially for the first time that the of Moslem cleric Abdel-Karim hanging such as a snapped neck and Middle East, Monday avoided body hanging from a rope in a Obeid. bulging eyes. comments that could give rise to videotape released by Lebanese A White House statement said "He looked like he was in repose, unwarranted optimism that U.S. kidnappers was most probably that Higgins' wife, Robin, a major in the like he was sleeping," said the hostages in Lebanon may soon be of Marine Lt. Col. William Higgins. Marines, was told of the FBI's official, who did not want to be free. But the Federal Bureau of conclusion by Marine Corps identified. Officials had no direct comment Investigation, in a written statement, commandant Gen. A.M. Gray. "They may have had him on ice," on a proposal, published in an had nothing to say on when or how It said President Bush, who earlier he said. Iranian newspaper that often reflects Higgins died. There is a widespread in the day saluted Higgins as "a He said the FBI needed a clearer foreign ministry thinking, that all feeling in Washington that he was symbol of courage," telephoned Mrs. videotape than the one transmitted parties to the hostage crisis draw up a killed earlier than the abductors Higgins to offer his support and by satellite and shown on U.S. plan to free all captives in Lebanon. claimed and the announcement that encouragement." television screens in order to The State Department reiterated a he was hanged last week was a "The president said the U.S. determine how Higgins died. long-held U.S. policy of refusing to political ploy. government will continue to do all it Bush saluted the former hostage negotiate with terrorists, but denied The FBI said positive identcan to obtain a full accounting of earlier in the day at a ceremony at that the United States was confined ification was impossible, but that what happened to her husband," the Fort Myer, Va., for the 200th to a passive role i the crisis. "numerous observable charstatement added. anniversary of the War Department, "The role remains one of active acteristics were noted indicating that Various reports have speculated now known as the Defense diplomacy to secure the release of the person depicted in the videotape that Higgins, who was assigned to the Department. our hostages," State Department is Lt. Col. Higgins." U.N. peacekeeping forces in south "We cannot leave here today spokesman Richard Boucher said at "There's no way to tell for certain Lebanon when captured, may have without pausing to salute one who a briefing. 'We're actively pursumg from a videotape," an FBI been killed after the U.S. cruiser stands as a symbol of the courage diplomacy with states in the region, spokesman said of the FBI's refusal Vincennes accidentally shot down an that burns in the breast of every with friendly countries and with flatly to declare Higgins dead. Iranian airliner in July 1988, killing American in uniform, one Marine international organizations." The half-minute tape was released 290 people. who has been very much in our All told, there are 21 foreigners a week ago by the pro-Iranian A Pentagon official, speaking thoughts, Lt. Col. Higgins -William missing and believed held in Organization of the Oppressed of the before the FBI statement was Richard Higgins," said Bush. Lebanon. California quake rattles Bay area Soviet warplanes LOS GATOS, Calif. (UPI) -A window, falling to his death. size will occur." land in Alaska moderate earthquake rattled the San "It is believed that the young man The counties are Alameda,ANCHORAGE, Alaska Francisco Bay Area early Tuesday, had been asleep, became startled Monterey, San Benito, San Mateo, (Reuter) -Soviet warplanes came waking thousands of people and during the earthquake and Santa Clara and Santa Cruz. in peace to the United States possibly causing the death of a young accidentally jumped through the The earthquake was felt as a 10Sunday, landing for refueling at a man who crashed through a fifth window," a police spokeswoman second rolling motion, although U.S. Air Force Base in Alaska en floor window in Los Gatos. said. some residents reported a jolt. Such route to an air show in Canada. The 1:13 a.m. PDT shaker, caused The man's name was withheld and discrepancies are common during The two MiG-29 fighters and skyscrapers to sway in San Francisco an autopsy was scheduled. earthquakes. one Antonov-225, the largest and knocked items off shelves in No other injuries or mishaps were Reports of ground motion came airplane inthe world and designed supermarkets in Los Gatos, San reported. from as far as San Luis Obispo, 150 to carry the Soviet space shuttle Jose, Santa Cruz and other towns Shortly after the earthquake, miles to the south, and Santa Rosa, orbiter, were flown by Soviet near the epicenter. residents of six area counties were 100 miles to the north. civilian test pilots. The quake was centered 10 miles warned they might have more rude Al Lent of the U.S. Geological ciilane pils south of San Jose, near Lexington awakenings this week. Survey in Menlo Park said the quake Air Force officials said the three Reservoir just outside Los Gatos. It The California Department of was in the same area as a temblor of planes caught Elmendorf Air measured 5.1 on the Richter scale Emergency Services said in an similar magnitude in June 1988. Force Base somewhat by surprise and was followed by a smaller advisory, "A slightly increased Highway crews were sent to clear a bylandingnearlytwohoursahead aftershock a half-hour later. likelihood exists for continued few minor rock slides in the Santa of schedule. The reason was not Los Gatos police said a 19-yearseismic activity in the area. This Cruz area, and the Southern Pacific immediately known. old man apparently became activity could involve an earthquake Railroad temporarily halted trains to The planes were escorted into disoriented during the quake and as large as 6.2 magnitude, although check for damage. U.S. airspace by nine F-1sC and crashed through a fifth story it's not probable that a quake of this No power outages were reported. F.15D Engle fighterswhose usual Witches no longer pay taxes in Rhode Island bombers iinter.ationalairspace, PROVIDENCE, R.I. (UPI) -A exemption and, by allowing us the in 1986 and incorporated it last the Air Force saidG church of witches won its fight to be same privileges. as other religions, the October. Siegrist said it has about 35 AItn25 ever landed in North exempted from the state's 6 percent state has faithfully followed the members. Amea and it's the first time sales tax, officials said Tuesday. intent and tradition of Roger The church applied for a sales tax since World War II, or 1945, that Our Lady of the Roses, a Wiccan Williams." exemption last year and was turned any Soviet fighter has flown in Church, won the exemption late last Williams, a puritan minister, down early this year. The Alaskan air space," U.S. Air month when a hearing officer in the founded the colony of Rhode Island Administration Department, which Force Col. Mike Conley said. state Department of Administration and Providence Plantations in 1636 includes the state Taxation Division, Gen. Vadim Petrov, head of the ruled that it is a recognizable religion after being banished from the held a hearing in May and the Soviet delegation, spoke through under guidelines set by the Supreme Massachusetts Bay Colony. decision favoring Our Lady of the an interpreter to a crowd at the air Court. "I don't think money was the key Roses was rendered July 20. base, praising U.S.-Soviet Plaintiffs said the decision will not issue," said A. Gregory Frazier, a officials said the hearing officer cooperation in World War Two. amount to a great savings for Our lawyer with the local chapter of th relied on eight criteria set down by "Unfortunately, after that the Lady of the Roses but will mean that American Civil Liberties Union who the Supreme Court in 1986 in a tax Cold War e amper thatour unconventional religions in Rhode represented Siegrist. "I think it was case involving the Church of Pan. friendship. We are now happy our Island receive the same treatment as recognition of faith as a religion." relations have warmed up," he mainstream faiths. The church believes in a "universal "Apparently, the initial concerns said. "This is a significant victory for mind and a universal soul (of the tax division) were in the area The three Soviet planes were non-traditional religions in Rhode incorporating both male and famale of the education and qualifications of traveling to Vancouver, British Island," said Joyce Siegrist, the principles" and has nothing to do the leadership of the church and the Columbia, for the Abbotsford founder and high priestess of the with Satanic worship, Siegrist said. area of exclusivity of belief," Frazier International Air Show. church. "We worked hard to get this She founded Our Lady of the Roses said. II Commander-in-Ctiel .Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC .SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication Director, Public Allair.s. Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff. SSgt. Greg Markley is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is Executive Editor/NCOIC .SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Managing Editor .Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft Program ofthe Department ofDefense, under the supervision of AIC Randy Lawson the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command. Composing Room .Rosemary Chong Contents ofthe Tropic-Times are not necessarily the official view Carolyn Coffey of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S. 1 L the ro p cSouthe Command. The address is APO Miami. 34002. Albrook Post Office. Te lephione 285-6012.

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Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 3 U.S. news Want to be ambassador?Golf, gamble! WASHINGTON (Reuter) -Chic confronted with nominees who queen's bidding." the Fletcher School of Law and Hecht, a former senator with no demonstrably have no qualifications One career diplomat's discourDiplomacy in Massachusetts. diplomatic experience, says his keen other than large campaign agement may be at the heart of an "I think that Jack Kennedy had a interest in golf and gambling makes donations." unfolding espionage investigation. higher percentage of political him a perfect U.S. ambassador to the By Sarbanes' count, 30 of Bush's Felix Bloch, a former deputy chief appointees," said Roche, who Bahamas. nominations -68 percent -are of mission at the U.S. embassy in worked in the Kennedy and Johnson Evelyn Teegan, whose governmenpolitical appointees. Vienna, was reportedly disgusted at administrations. tal background is confined to being But the State Department says this having to serve under two political "The custom of giving eminent executive director of the Minnesota omits the many career diplomats appointees. Bloch is now being characters embassies is hardly a new Seat Belt Commission, will represent Bush left in 'place. Overall, the investigated for allegedly spying for one, and some of them were real the United States in Fiji, Tonga and administration wants to have 67 the Soviet Union-when he worked in lulus," he said in a telephone Tuvalu. percent of its ambassadors to have Vienna. interview. "An ambassador is Joy Silverman, described by the experience in diplomacy with only 33 Ryan noted that while political fundamentally a ceremonial figure; White House as a "full-time, active percent reserved for political appointments are nothing new, Bush the question then comes down to how participant in President Bush's 1988 appointees. seems to have made especially good a ceremonial figure is he?" In an campaign," has been named envoy to "Our ratio right now is 65 percent unprepared nominations, which age when instant communication and the Caribbean islands of Barbados, to 35 percent -so we have a little bit could erode U.S. diplomatic standing Mach-2 travel are commonplace, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the more to do," State Department abroad, he said. Roche said, ambassadors are rarely Grenadines. spokeswoman Margaret Tutwiler The Council on Hemispheric without behind-the-scenes support These are just three of Bush's 44 said. Affairs lambasted Bush for his from their staffs or Washington. diplomatic appointments that have Whatever the numbers are, the nomination of Thomas Strook, a "I think most serious foreign provoked critics who say the appointment of amateur diplomats Wyoming oilman who was a major service officers know that this is the president has overstepped the sends a distressing message to those contributor to the president's name of the game,"he said. "The fact invisible line that governs how many who have spent their careers in the campaign, as envoy to Guatemala. that Bloch's nose is out of joint -is purely political ambassadors will be foreign service, said Hewson Ryan, a "Strook's appointment to this simply an indication of his lack of tolerated. former U.S. ambassador to troubled country has to be IQ." To encourage the career His most vocal critic is Maryland Honduras who spent 29 years in the interpreted as a sign from the White diplomats Roche half-facetiously Democrat Paul Sarbanes, a member foreign service. House that Washington is less than suggested awarding a special status of the Senate Foreign Relations "The (career) people get rather serious about curbing rights abuses to deputy chiefs of mission, -those Committee which must approve each discouraged after working for 20 or preventing Guatemala's return to second -in-c ommand at U.S. presidential selection. years when they see a used car open military rule," the council said embassies who often serve After the committee narrowly salesman or the wife of used car in a statement. ambassadors with less diplomatic approved Florida real estate salesman put in as ambassador," But Bush has not gone beyond background than themselves. developer Joseph Zappala as envoy Ryan said in a telephone interview. previous presidents in the number of "They should make a new rank so to Spain last week, Sarbanes "But to a certain extent, if you take his political appointments, said they can at least wear some stars on complained, "We are being the queen's shilling, you do the diplomatic historian John Roche of their shoulders," Roche said.: Opus the Penguin coming to help save whales KEY WEST, Fla. (UPI) -Opus sweeping nets trap and kill dolphins. only strip called "Outland," makes its companies whose holdings include the Penguin, late of Bloom County, The cartoon character's creator, newspaper debut Sept. 3. cat food companies. is headed for the tropical Pacific to Berke Breathed, painted Opus on the Watson said Breathed had given Although the Sea Shepherd sails help conservationists do battle with side of the 200-foot steel trawler Sea the Sea Shepherd Society permission unarmed, its crew has been warned tuna fishermen whose wide, Shepherd last week, emblazoning his to put the Opus logo on T-shirts to that some of those they may confront penguin tummy with the slogan help raise money for its nonprofit are armed with automatic weapons, "environmental extremist." activity. Watson said. The 600-ton vessel and its The organization works mainly to "We don't carry weapons, and we international crew of 26 volunteers save endangered species, but is make sure our actions do not hurt were scheduled to sail from Key West involved in many marine issues, anybody. We don't use explosives. late Monday to search for tuna boats Watson said. On this campaign, the And we always accept responsibility A in the eastern tropical Pacific Sea Shepherd crew will seek out tuna for what we do," Watson said. between Costa Rica and Hawaii. boats and check to see if there are "We're a non-violent international Capt. Paul Watson said. Breathed dolphins trapped among their catch. enforcement organization. We don't and his wife are expected to join the "We'll just politely request the have any politics. It doesn't make "Sea Shepherd" in Costa Rica in captains to release the dolphins from much difference if it's a Soviet about a week, after it passes through their nets, and if they refuse to do so, harpoon killing a whale or a the Panama Canal. we'll have no alternative but to rip Japanese harpoon. It's all the same 17 "Jody, his wife, is a wildlife their nets apart and release the thing to the whale," Watson said. photographer, so she will be quite an dolphins ourselves," Watson said. The Sea Shepherd flys flags from asset," Watson said. He said the target tuna boats sell the crewmembers' home countries, Sunday was the final publication their product to U.S. canned tuna including the United States, day for Berke Breathed's comic strip fish companies that in turn are Switzerland, Britain, Canada, the Opus the Penguin "Bloom County." His new Sundayowned by three big multi-national Soviet Union, Peru and Germany. Byyear2,000 you may not be able to see across town ST. LOUIS (UPI) -Residents of ozone buildup? What are the costs concern but unproven at present. assure that public health is protected America's worst smog-plagued cities and benefits of reducing ozone Chronic effects such as increased with less economic disruption. They will see the turn of the centurybefore levels? Why has progress been so s us e p t b i bilit y of the lungs, offer four reforms to accomplish this they are able to see across town, said slow in battling smog and how do accelerated aging of the lungs and objective: a study by two researchers at leading legislative proposals alter the retarded lung developments have -Require the EPA administrator Washington University's Center for attack? been found in animal studies. But the to consider cost-effectiveness when the Study of American Business. Reseachers Kenneth Chilton and applicability of these results to promulgating Clean Air Act Their study comes on the heels of Anne Sholtz provide some answers humans is the subject of much regulations. an Office of Technology Assessment and offer recommendations of their medical controversy. -Change the definition of nonstudy that reaches virtually the same own. The two researchers identify four attainment to be more consistent conclusion: nearly half of the 81 Regarding ozone's health effects, factors responsible for the apparent with the nature of ozone pollution areas not meeting the nation's air the two cite extensive medical slow pace of progress in clearing the and of the public health risk in poses. quality standard for atmospheric r e s e arch c o 11e c ted by the air of smog: lack of enforcement and ozone (smog) will not meet the Environmental Protection Agency ineffective control measures, -Establish primary air quality standards even by the year 2000. that shows ozone's short-term understated emission levels, standards to protect the public But the Washington University effects, on average, to be relatively problems with air pollution models against unreasonable risk of study contains more information mild --coughing, tightness in the and the susceptibility of EPA significant adverse health effects. than just a prediction of America's chest, less tjian 10 percent reduction definitions of non-attainment to -Reduce the number of specific smog problems in the 21st century. in breathing capacity -even at levels unusual weather patterns. control measures specified in the The study addresses such as high as 50 percent above 0.12 parts Both researchers contend none of Clean Air Act. Encourage states to questions as: What are the health and per million air quality standard. the proposals consider more use innovative approaches that fit other effects of ozone? What causes Long-term health effects are of fundamental changes needed to local circumstances.

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4 Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 world roundup Newspaper criticizes Soviet silence on RP MOSCOW (UPI) -A Soviet most countries was the same: they sentence against Rushdie and put a would have been if the same thing newspaper Saturday criticized condemned the violence against bounty on his head Feb. 14 to protest had happened in South Korea or Moscow's silence on the brutal unarmed people. The Soviet Union his novel "The Satanic Verses," Japan." crackdown on pro-democracy confined its response to a neutral which many Moslems consider Izyumov and. Kortunov even demonstrators in China and said the statement with not a word of blasphemous. Rushdie has been in criticized Eduard Shevardnadze, the Kremlin's foreign policy is based on a condemnation of the actions of the hiding since the threat. foreign minister whose initiatives "moral double standard." Chinese army." The Moscow News commentators have improved Soviet relations with Criticism of domestic affairs has -_ Panama: "The United States said openness has yet to extend to a number of countries. become common under Soviet leader accused the general (Manuel media treatment of foreign affairs. The commentators quoted Mikhail Gorbachev's campaign of Antosio Nhega (hang "There was not a single newspaper Shevardnadze as saying in a recent "glasnost," or openness, bAtt the Antonio Noriega) of having story or television program with an newspaper interview, "Our foreign weekly Moscow News attack on and of human ights violations mia alternative opinion" on China, they policy is deeply moral." foreign policy broke new ground. dfultto rove t sIf it said. "Why haven't people who have Their retort: "The principles are "In the fifth year of perestroika, difficult to prove the first charge, a different viewpoint been allowed to proclaimed, but we cannot say that our foreign policy does not always articles and photographs to support express it? What an outcry there they are fulfilled." provide examples of high morality," the second. commentators Aleksei Izyumov and Andrei Kortunov wrote in the "The Soviet Union did not utter a newspaper's current edition, released word of accusation against the before its Sunday publication date. Panamanian military forces. We Gorbachev's "perestroika" even gave the general the reforms of economic and social opportunity to express his views on restructuring have bypassed major the pages of 'Peace and Socialism' in areas of Soviet foreign policy, the June." commentators said. -Middle East: "When the writer "Perestroika has not done away of humorous stories, Mikhail with the wrong practice of using a Zadornov, mentioned 'Palestinian moral double standard -shouting terrorists' in one of them, the about injustice in the West, but Ministry of Foreign Affairs keeping silent about the same condemned it. But aren't there injustice in our country or those of terrorists in the Palestinian our friends," they said. movement?" Economist Izyumov and historian -Iran: "We all remember the case Kortunov ranged across the globe to of the British writer of Indian origin, show recent instances they said show Salman Rushdie. Most countries that Soviet foreign policy's "progress registered their protest, but the in the sphere of morality is small:" Soviet Union limited itself to some --China: "In early June, hundreds incomprehensible formulas." SWAPO RALLYA man leadsnearly20,000 ofhisfellowNamibians in a of people were killed in the tragic The late Ayatollah Ruhollah song symbolizing their return to their homelandfrom a 25-year-exile at a events in Beijing. The reaction from Khomeini announced a death S WAPO political rally in Oshakati last week. (AP Laserphoto) Quebec woman becomes pawn in abortion case OTTAWA (Reuter) -A 21-yearbeginning Tuesday to decide whether deserving of protection under the emergency session and decided old Quebec woman who wants to end Daigle can abort her 22-week-old Quebec charter of rights. within minutes to allow the appeal. herpregnancyhasbecomeapawnin fetus. The pro-choice movement Legal experts hope the case, a long abortion battle that will finally The case was eventually pushed to slammed the decision and vowed to considered as important as the be settled in Canada's highest court. the Supreme Court of Canada, which fight it every step of the way. The landmark 1973 Roe vs. Wade ruling Chantal Daigle decided earlier this had been in recess, after Daigle's National Association of Women and that legalized abortions in the United year that she wanted to end her former lover, 25-year-old car the Law said: "No man, no court, no States, will clear up the legal mess left p r e g n an c y, c o n c e iv e d i n a salesman Jean-Guy Tremblay, won government and no god can force a over from January 1988, when the relationship gone sour, but her an injunction in a Quebec court July woman to carry a fetus to term Supreme Court legalized a woman's former lover and the lower courts 7 to prevent the abortion. against her will." right to abortion with a doctor's have so far prevented her from doing Daigle fought the injunction all the Daigle, a former secretary, asked permission but did not rule on the so. way to the Quebec Supreme Court the the Supreme Court earlier this rights of the fetus. Now, in the most important and lost. In a decision that was later week to consider her case. Prime Minister Brian Muironey showdown ever on the abortion issue upheld in an appeal, the court ruled With police keeping protesters hasmpr Mise drian lroby in Canada, the country's highest for the first time in Canadian history behind barricades, five of the nine has promised to draft a new law, but court will hold an emergency session that a fetus was a human being Supreme Court judges held an issue. ealth rival The Canadian government has Lange qJuLs over health cae rv won the right to intervene in the Daigle case and plans to argue the WELLINGTON, New Zealand bypass opertion that enabled him to Douglas' policies," he said. Quebec court had no jurisdiction (UPI) -New Zealand Prime slim down somewhat. Lange said he had fought a battle ruling on a federal issue. Minister David Lange announced his Lange said he was stepping down for two years against "the relentless Meanwhile, time is running out for resignation Monday. He cited health at a time when his government was juggernaut of the New Right." He Daigle. It will be difficult for her to concerns, but his departure follows returning to public favor and after a said that fight had absorbed the get an abortion even if the Court his Labor Party's decision to return well-received budget from new government's energies. "I reject the rules in her favor because most to the Cabinet a minister Lange had Finance Minister David Caygill. New Right prescription for New doctors in Canada refuse to perform fired eight months ago. While Lange cited his medical Zealand," he said. the procedure so late in pregnancy. Lange, 47, who rocked the United concerns, analysts noted that his Douglas said Lange had been an Daigle said she decidedto end the States with his decision to ban resignation came within days of the exceptionally able leader. pregnancy because she was not nuclear warships from tiny New Labor Party Caucus' vote Aug. 3 to The Lange government came to prepared to raise the child alone. She Zealand shores in 1984, announced place former Finance Minister Roger power in July 1984 with an antihad planned to marry Tremblay, but his resignation at a Parliament Douglas back into the Cabinet. nuclear policy that proved she said in a court affidavit the House news conference shortly after Lange had ousted Douglas from immensely popular with New noon local time Monday. the finance post and Cabinet in Zealanders, although it caused the relationship soured when she became His successor will be chosen by the December after a yearlong battle country to lose its membership in the pregnant, alleging he became 56-member Labor Party Caucus over New Zealand's economic and Australia-New Zealand-United verbally and physically abusive. Monday. Among the likliest choices social policies by urging a reduction States Treaty, known as ANZUS. Tremblay has admitted he would are Deputy Prime Minister Geoffrey in government spending on social Seven months after he took office, have difficulty raising the child but Palmer and External Relations issues. Lange attracted world attention by says he wants the child to have a Minister Mike Moore. Immediately after Douglas' rebarring a U.S. warship from New chance to live a better life than he had "I think the doctor said not election to the Cabinet, Lange said Zealand harbors on grounds it growing up with a violent mother continuing would be compatible with Douglas would not be granted any carried nuclear weapons. The United and an alcoholic father. good health," Lange told the news post where he could influence States, as is its practice, would not Daigle told a newspaper reporter: conference. Obese since childhood, economic policy in the future, and on confirm whether nuclear weapons "If I had been able to give him (the he underwent heart surgery last year Sunday the prime minister reiterated were aboard the destroyer USS fetus), I would have done it long and in 1980 underwent a stomach his position. "There is no place for Buchanan. ago."

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Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 hemisphere Paz Zamora promises free market, no drugs LA PAZ, Bolivia (UPI) -Onelooking at the past "with the tired investment and prices subject to February of 1974 and imprisoned but time Marxist revolutionary Jaime eyes of yesterday" and promised his supply and demand. escaped four months later. Paz Zamora became president of administration would not have PazZamoraalsopromisedtofight He emerged in the 1980s as a Bolivia promising to pursue free "room neither for an easy populism "the threat of drug trafficking (while) Social Democrat, a moderate market economic policies and battle nor for sterile radicalism of whatever preserving national sovereignty." socialist along the lines of the "the threat of drug trafficking" in his type." Bolivia is the No. 2 producer in the European Socialist parties who coca-producing nation. Paz Zamora's expected election world of coca leaves, the main accept many capitalist economic "I ask that God bless the mandate had touched off economic panic, ingredient in cocaine. ideas and reject the Marxist model that I assume today," said Paz including bank withdrawals last Paz Zamora's election by used by the Soviet Union. Zamora as he took the oath of office week that reached $100 million. The Congress was assured when former Paz Zamora's scarred face and for a four-year term Sunday in front panic was sparked by memories of military strongman Hugo Banzer hands are the result of the crash of a of Congress. the economic chaos during the withdrew from the race last week and light plane during the 1980 Congress elected Paz Zamora government of President Hernan threw his support to Paz Zamora, campaign. He was the only one of president Saturday morning to Siles Zuazo, under whom Paz who had been a staunch political five people aboard to survive. replace his uncle, outgoing President Zamora was vice president from enemy as leader of the Leftist Victor Paz Estenssoro. Lawmakers 1982-1985. Revolutionary Movement-New had to choose the president because But Paz Zamora moved quickly to Majority parties. none of the nine candidates in the assure businessmen and bankers he Banzer, who ruled Bolivia from May 7 general election received would follow prudent economic 1971-78 after a coup, made the move enough votes to be elected outright. policies. He named Enrique Garcia apparently as political revenge Delegations from 35 countries as minister of planning and head of against governing party candidate attended the inauguration, including his economic Cabinet. Garcia, with a Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, who the presidents of Argentina, Peru, reputation for competence, was an early in the campaign had refused to Paraguay, Panama, Uruguay and International Development Bank enter into a political pact with Brazil. The U.S. delegation was led official and advocates free market Banzer. Sanchez de Lozada barely by Education Secretary Lauro policies. beat out Banzer for first place in the Cavazos and Prescott Bush, the The new president said his policies May vote. brother of President Bush. would include restarting economic During B an z e r 's military In a nationwide television and development, realistic currency government, Paz Zamora was a radio address, the new president -exchange rates, interest determined clandestine political leader who once imprisoned as a Marxist by the market, guarantees of dollar advocated a Marxist "armed revolutionary -insisted on not deposits, promotion of foreign struggle." He was arrested in Ives Jarpa agrees to run for president nod to talks SANTIAGO, Chile (Reuter) -The refusal to stand in the the first or-no plebiscite on his continued ith Argenti a head of Chile's largest conservative competitive vote in Chile for nearly rule. The party has pressed Buchi to party agreed in a surprise turn-about 20 years. do the same. LONDON (Reuter) -Prime last weekend to run in December's The country's second conservative National Renovation was also Minister Margaret Thatcher has presidential elections, a move likely force, the Independent Democratic angered by Buchi's decision to approved direct talks with to provoke further divisions within Union, which will present a common formally register his candidacy Argentina, signalling a possible the country's right wing. slate of congressional candidates without waiting for official party restoration of diplomatic "I accept the responsibility that with National Renovation, backed approval. relations broken during the 1982 ou have given me today," former Buchi in a declaration Saturday. In accepting g h is par tys s war, times sai Interior Minister Sergio Onofre Divisions within the ranks of possibility of further negotiations in MondayJarpa told his National Renovation Pinochet's former civilian supporters the five days that remain ahead of the afterArgtina's ne gpresid, party after it nominated him to run. contrast sharply with the unity of constitutional deadline for aroAgenemast n th mrde, His party had been expected to opposition parties backing centrist registration of all candidacies. Shd a a announce its support for the politician Patricio Aylwin, who is "I accept but on the understanding without the issue of soVereignty candidacy of former Finance favored by opinion polls to win. that I am at liberty to take the final over the Falklands being rased, Minister Hernan Buchi, who has the Although the polls show Buchi, decision," Jarpa said. the newspaper said. backing of other rightist groups and who served as Pinochet's finance Conservatives are also split on the Britain refuses to discuss businessmen. minister for four years until last distribution of candidacies for sovereignty and the issue scuttled But the 370 delegates to a party April, to be the strongest congress, which will be elected Dec. the last attempt at talks between congress opted instead to nominate conservative contender, he has 14 at the same time as the presidency. the two sides in Berne in 1984. their veteran leader Jarpa to stand in always been viewed with suspicion by Smaller rightist groups have The Times said Britain's the election for a civilian president to National Renovation. announced they will field separate ambassador to the United succeed military ruler Augusto Jarpa, 67, has sought to distance candidates after talks broke down on Nations, Sir Crispin Tickell, Pinochet. his party from Pinochet after the a common list with the two main would meet Argentina's UI.N. Jarpa backed down on an earlier general's defeat in last October's yesparties. envoy Marcelo Delpech in New th office hve sait Castro's corruption campaign not over indirect contacts have taken place between Argentina and Britain. HAVANA (Reuter) -President When he failed to make a single begun nearly seven weeks earlier on But a spokesman for Thatcher's Fidel Castro has clearly signaled that reference to corruption and drug June 12 with the arrest of army and office said he was not aware the, his campaign against corruption in trafficking in his state-of-the-nation intelligence officers for corruption two sides had reached the stage of Cuba is far from over by the arrest style speech last month many foreign and drug trafficking. direct talks. last week of four more officials journalists and diplomats concluded Abrantes was dismissed June 28 as Last week Argentina lifted a including a former interior minister. that Castro had decided to sweep the minister of the Interior and a general ban on British imports in force For some older Cubans, Castro's problem under the rug. shakeup began in the ministry. since the Fatkiands war, a move vigorous campaign has also recalled "It has just been too embarrassing Four of the arrested officers, which Britain welcomedfond memories of him as a young for him and he has decided to close including the much decorated The Times said the issue of revolutionary whose early battles the door on the ugly episode," a general, Arnaldo Ochoa of the Falklands sovereignty was not on against corruption endeared him to visiting journalist said in Havana the Cuban Armed Forces, were tried and the agenda for the New York the nation. day after the speech. on July 14 were executed. Ten others, talks, but Argentina was expected "The campaign against corruption Castro did not wait long to prove including Gen. Patricio de la Guardia to push for a removal of the 150is going to continue. Fidel is going to his detractors wrong. of the Interior Ministry, were mile protection zone around the shake the tree until all the rotten fruit On Monday the official newspaper sentenced to prison terms ranging south Atlantic islands. falls to the ground," one Cuban Granma announced that former from 15 to 30 years. In return Britain wantn Menem Communist Party official said. Interior Minister Gen. Jose Abrantes The official Cuban position on the to make a formal declaration There is also quiet satisfaction and three of his top aides had been campaign against corruption has ending hostilities. among Castro supporters that the arrested. It also announced the arrest been spelled out by Gen. Raul ArgentinahAsneverannounced latest arrests have proved wrong the of a civilian chief of a business Castro, the Minister of the Armed an end t) hostfities with Britain forecasts of some foreign observers enterprise and the demotion to Forces. since a British task force retook who felt the earlier scandals would be colonel and forced retirement of five He said that the campaign would the islands from invading too embarrassing for Castro to Interior Ministry generals. be carried out "without extremism or Argentine troops. continue his campaign. The scandal over corruption had a witchhunt."

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6 Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 financial news Auto firms face more demanding buyers ANN ARBOR, Mich. (UPI) -A mechanical engineering and director rise to $15,000 in 1995 and $15,900 in increasingly popular, climbing from buyer's market through the next of the U-M Transportation Research 2000. An imported car that costs 15 percent of new-car transactions decade means the American auto Institute (UMTRI) Office for the $15,000 in 1990 will cost $17,000 in today to 27 percent in 2000. industry will need better service and Study of Automotive Tran2000. -Sales of cars with foreign sales approaches to win customers, sportation. It is the fifth in a series of Car d e ale r s will be c o me nameplates, including imported cars says a University of Michigan study. 10-year forecasts based on interviews increasingly important players in the and vehicles produced in the United "Overall, the U.S. market through with executives and engineers at competition for buyers. States by foreign firms, are forecast 2000 is likely to remain a mature North American auto manufacturers "Products will continue to be to gain market share from 33 percent market, with more offerings and their suppliers, as well as judged on price, styling and in 1990 to 36 percent in 2000. competing for a relatively fixed set of academics and consultants. perceived quality," the report said. -The nation's Big Three customers," said the forecast based "The Delphi V Forecast and "However, the dealer is the company carmakers -General Motors Corp., on interviews with more than 250 Analysis of the U.S. Automotive to an individual customer and, thus, Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler Corp. auto industry marketing executives. Industry Through the Year 2000," a crucial factor in the customer's -are expected to lose market share As a result, manufacturers will be using the Delphi forecasting perception of the product." over the decade, declining from 64 forced to continue reducing costs and technique developed by the Rand Dealers should cultivate more percent of passenger car sales in 1990 improving quality and offer better Corp., examines marketing, professional sales staffs, provide to 61 percent in 2000. service to buyers. technology and materials in the auto better diagnostic and repair services -Gasoline prices are forecast to U.S. car sales in the United States industry. and offer greater convenience to their rise at gradual, predictable rates over are expected to grow less than 1 Differences in price and quality customers, including longer hours the next decade. percent per year over the next among domestic and imported cars and "loaner" vehicles, the U-M study decade, from 10.1 million in 1990 to are expected to narrow in the next said. Some other predictions in the 10.9 million in 2000. Light-duty decade, meaning customers will study: truck sales also will grow slowly place more emphasis on operating -Manufacturers are expected to during the decade, but faster than costs and on dealer services. extend power train warranties up to passenger car sales. Dealerships must be more fully 10 years or 100,000 miles on some "Easy sales resulting from rapid integrated with manufacturers' models, and the average total life of industry growth are history," the marketing efforts in order to increase passenger cars is expected to climb to study concluded. "Future sales will customer satisfaction and build 12 years by -2000, from 11 years in be the result of providing the loyalty, the study concluded. 1990. customer the best perceived value in Car prices are expected to hold -New car buyers will hold on to the most attractively styled and steady for the next decade, after their cars for five years on the functional package." climbing somewhat in the next year average, a figure not expected to The U-M survey was directed by or so. The U.S.-produced passenger change over the next decade. David E. Cole, professor of car that costs $14,000 in 1990 should -Leasing is expected to become Roman Empire -greatest decentralized entity by Mark R. Horowitz debated as companies acquire Those documents, from the time of about 10 A.D. noted that "the senate for United Press International multiple offices and plants Julius Caesar, noted that the city guaranteed the Chians, in response With mergers and acquisitions throughout regions and even could "employ its own (system of) to their representations as to all they taking place at a fervent pace, countries. justice and judgments, without had done in loyal support of the management strategies are being One debate focuses on centralizing posting security at Rome pursuant to Romans .that they might continue a company vs. decentralizing it. any resolution or order." They also to employ the laws, customs and In the former, all policy and planning allowed the citizens to "have, legal procedures which they observed comes from headquarters, with possess, use and enjoy the villages, when they entered the friendship of regional facilities implementing districts, strongholds, uplands and the Romans." orders. With decentralization, each revenues with which they came to the Although decentralization made facility manages itself with input and friendship of the (Roman) people." sense as the empire grew, it also direction from the home office. To show Antony's support for his meant that consistency in Perhaps the greatest decentralized right-hand man, he noted that "I management was difficult over vast entity in history was the Roman h avye c onf e r red u p on h im distances. And all it took for the Empire, with a vast network of approporiate benefactions, judging whole thing to come unglued was the roads, city centers and adminhim a man worthy of honor from us, steady influx of foreigners to the istrative districts -all reporting to and I congratulate you on having empire, who slowly gained power Rome. When the empire first got such a citizen." from province to province until the started, the idea was to leave in place Thus a district manager was born, enemy from without became the what wasn't broken, and it seemed to 2,000 years ago. enemy within. -work. By 25 B.C., under Augustus Decentralization can work if there An order from Mark Antony in 42 Caesar, treaties were made to the is a balance between local authority B.C. to the council and magistrates mutual benefit of the distant towns and central policy and procedure. of Aphrodisias in Caria shows the and the Roman empire. A decree of The challenge becomes how to avoid practice of Roman leaders granting the senate ordered the town of stifling success in the districts and autonomy. He spoke highly of the Mytilene to refuse passage of Rome's renegade branches turning away Roman envoy, Solon, who "has enemies through their borders, not from corporate strategy and policy. handled your public interests most even by "public decision." In return, As the corporate empires grow in diligently." Solon asked for, and Rome promised that the "Roman the 1990s it will be interesting to ROMAN SOLDIER -"I'm the received, documents from Antony people shall come to the aid of the watch what works and what doesn't. district manager and here Imake the showing previous Roman laws people of Mytilene" if attacked. And no doubt there will be a few rules." "issued for (the city's) benefit." A letter to the envoys of Chios in declines and falls, Roman-style. NEW YORK (AP) -Sales, closing price and net change of the 15 most active New York Stock Exchange issues, trading nationally at more than one dollar. M monday's m ost active stocks Name Voume Last Chg. AmBase 2,795,100 15 3/4 -1/8 NEW YORK (AP) -Sales, closing price and net change of the 10 most active GenElct 2,391,800 59 +2 1/8 American Stock Exchange issues, trading nationally at more than one dollar. IBM 2,209,500 117 3/8 +1 7/8 Name Volume Last Chg. US Shoe 2,199,500 19 3/4 -7/8 EchoBay 1,060,500 16 5/8 +1/4 NEW YORK (AP) -Most active over-the-counter stocks supplied by NASD. UAL Corp 2,103,000 211 +46 1/2 WangLabB 994,300 5 3/4 +1/8 Last or Exxon 2,002,300 46 +5/8 BAT Ind 640,200 13 7/8 +5/16 Name Volume Bid/Asked Chg. DowChem 1,921,200 95 1/2 +2 1/2 TexasAirCp 524,800 16 1/8 +3/8 Jerico 3,870,600 24 +3 3/8 AmaxInc 1,825,200 27 +1/2 Amdahl 501,800 15 3/8 +3/8 DSC 2,824,300 15 1/8 +3/8 Amer TT 1,625,900 40 1/4 +1/2 BolarPh 478,900 22 -1 MCI 2,426,200 38 1/8 +1 Xerox Cp 1,624,000 67 5/8 +3/8 MagmaCppr 307,700 6 3/8 +1/8 Intel 2,227,500 32 3/4 +1 AMR Corp 1,569,200 71 1/2 +3 1/2 FruitLoom 290,500 13 1/8 +1/4 Oracle s 2,141,600 17 1/2 +3/8 HewlettPk 1,493,600 57 1/2 +3 1/8 Telesphere 278,400 3 3/8 +1/8 SunMc a 1,882,000 15 1/8 +3/8 PanhECp 1,479,000 29 +1 1/8 AmTribm sc 259,800 13 +7/8 Ryka 1,578,200 2 31-32 -1/2 GenMotors 1,366,700 45 AppleC 1,501,900 43 3/4 +1 Disney 1,336,800 114 3/4 -1 3/8 TelemA 1,081,500 37 1/8 +1

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Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 I military news Washington set for defense budget battle WASHINGTON (Reuter) -key programs. You know the White "Star Wars" missile defense request to $3.1 billion and analysts Virtually lost in the international House and Pentagon are unhappy," program, within a decade. predict the compromise will be closer glare of hostage tension and U.S. said Barry Blechman, a defense Republicans in Congress warn to the House version. military posturing last week were the analyst with the Johns Hopkins that Bush will veto any bill that is "You have differences in very highopening shots in a defense budget School of Advanced International radically different from what he cost programs coming together with war between President Bush and Studies. wants. a determination by the White House Congress. Congressional negotiators will Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and Congress to cut defense Such battles are familiar stuff. But face off in September and the praised the Senate and flayed the s p e n d in g," s aid B1e c h m an. analysts say votes in the House and outcome could hinge on how the House even though both chambers "Everybody will get his toes stepped Senate last week set the stage for an United States modernizes its landexpressed reservations about the on somewhere." especially bruising fall on Capitol based nuclear missiles, if and when it Pentagon's big project, the batwing The new F-14D fighter jet and the Hill over the president's $305-billion will build a $70-billion radar-evading Stealth bomber. vertical-takeoff V-22 marine 1990 Pentagon budget. Stealth bomber fleet, and further The two houses are split sharply transport aircraft are also points of The fight is not over the amount of delays in an anti-missile defense over Star Wars, with the Senate contention. money but where to spend it. The system. voting to give the administration $4.5 The Senate approved Cheney's call Senate generally supported Bush's Bush wants 132 B-2 stealth billion of the $4.9 billion it sought in to cancel the manufacture of both defense plan while the House made bombers at more than $530 million 1990 for research into lasers and planes, but congressmen from states major changes. each, both rail-borne MX and truckother weapons which might shoot where the two aircraft are being built "I Can't remember the House and mounted Midgetman nuclear down attacking missiles. pressured the House into restoring Senate being so far apart on so many missiles and initial deployment of the The House, however, slashed the both programs. AF captain investigated for spying Intercept system WASHINGTON (UPI) -An Air while serving as an engineer at the more than $120,000, officials said. p v w r b Force captain being held at Kelly Air Electronics Security Command Post Hirsch was born in Czechoproves workable Force Base in San Antonio, Texas, is at Tempelhof Central Airport in slovakia and became a naturalized under investigation for espionage on West Berlin. American citizen in 1971. He joined in Star W ars tests suspicion he may have sold electronic The listening post collects the Air Force in 1979. warfare secrets to the East bloc, intelligence data on Warsaw Pact WASHINGTON (UPI) -The defense officials said Monday. radar systems and communications. Hirsch was assigned to Tempelhof Pentagon announced last week a The Air Force said Capt. John Defense officials said there is no in September 1988 after serving at Pegful "Star Wars" test that Vladimir Hirsch, 33, has not been direct evidence that Hirsch sold the Lindsey Air Station in Frankfurt, sduem stated key technologies charged with any crime and he is still classified documents to the West Germany, for three years. needed to locate an enemy missile considered on active duty, though he communists. At Tempelhof, Hirsch, an and guide an intercepting rocket is not allowed to leave the base and is Hirsch was relieved of his duties electronics engineer, was chief of a to destroy it. accompanied by a security officer. last month after a polygraph test, unit that installed and repaired In the test conducted Tuesday in "The investigation into his activity part of a routine security check, machinery used by the Electronic a special hangar at Edwards Air is ongoing," Air Force Lt. Col. John indicated "some irregularities," one Security Command for secure radio Force Base, Calif., an interceptor Worthington said from Kelly Air official said. He refused to take a and telephone links and to monitor test vehicle hovered 30 feet in the Force Base. The Air Force has second test and a search of his movements of Soviet bloc aircraft, air and, using a sophisticated officially declined to confirm the apartment was ordered. radar and communications. infrared sensor, found and was investigation involves possible In the apartment search, espionage. investigators discovered classified The investigation is being able to "lock on" to a relatively But Pentagon officials who spoke documents and photographs of conducted by the Air Force Office of dim missile nearby in the presence on condition they not be identified NATO military installations, Special Investigations. No formal of a bright plume from a rocket said Hirsch is suspected of selling uncashed Air Force paychecks and hearings have been scheduled, motor. classified documents to the East bloc records of bank accounts totaling Worthington said. At the same time, the vehicle used its engines to maneuver to Navy crew charges captain lied on patrol reports lockd-nog -,sles SAN DIEGO (UPI) -The navigator to file a report saying the months with a serious mechanical demonstrated the vehicle's ability crewmen of a Navy nuclear slides had been destroyed. problem, said crew members. to acquire and track a target, as submarine say they were ordered to Both the NIS and the -hot line During MacNeill's last patrol as well as the sensor's ability to withhold information that their probes were closed after finding no commanding officer of the La Jolla, recognize the hard body of a vessel was outmaneuvered by Soviet substantiation of the charges, said a VH-2 valve, a hull valve designed to missile," an Air Force spokesman subs and once nearly collided with a Lt. Cmdr. Mark Blackington. withstand water pressure at lower said. rare Soviet Akula submarine, it was But crew members disagreed with depths and protect the ship from The test vehicle is the prototype reported at the weekend. the findings, saying MacNeill and flooding, became stuck open. of a space-based interceptor, Both current and former crewmen Rogers did not want their superiors Instead of reporting the problem which would be launched into of the San Diego-based La Jolla, to know the La Jolla was often to fleet officials and coming up for orbit and would find, track and most speaking on the condition of outfoxed at sea by quieter, more repairs, MacNeill ordered his crew to lock-on to any enemy missile in anonymity, told the San Diego advanced Soviet subs. be alert for possible flooding, the flight and then launch an Union they were "routinely" told to Retired Senior Chief Petty Officer crew members said. intercepting rocket to destroy it. alter reports of embarrassing Joe Simon recalled several occasions incidents at sea in 1986 and 1987 by when Soviet subs, equipped with two commanding officers. more effective sonar detection, An inclination to "paper over discovered the La Jolla at sea and problems" involving the La Jolla bested it at underwater cat-andcrippled morale aboard the mouse games. submarine and possibly comIn one instance, the La Jolla promised the Navy's intelligence stumbled upon and nearly collided about developing trends in U.Swith an exceptionally quiet Akula Soviet sub interactions, crew sub, the Soviets' most advanced members and Pentagon sources who nuclear-powered sub. were not named told the newspaper. After such incidents, Rogers A The sub's commanding and handed the ship's plotting executive officers in 1986-88, Capt. coordinators false specifications and Kent MacNeill and Cmdr. Tom told them to reconstruct plot lines on Rogers, declined to comment on the official charts to indicate "that we allegations. Both men now command never got closer to anything we other Navy submarines. tracked than the minimum trail A Navy spokesman said the range," Simon told newspaper. allegations were examined by a "I went up to Rogers to ask why we Naval Investigative Service inquiry were changing what was true and a Defense Department hot line He said he wanted a good clean Everyone shares in probe. patrol report," Simon said. The NIS probe focused on a MacNeill, whose sub management charge that Rogers, upon learning style "would rival John Wayne," 119 secret slides of Soviet ships and according to one crewman, once kept submarines were lost, ordered a the submarine at sea nearly two

PAGE 8

8 Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 Top of the Charts Entertainment Extra Top 10 Singles Q. Is it true that Joan Collins looks as beautiful in person as she does on TV7 R.R., San Antonio, Texas 1. Richard Marx "Right Here A. Absolutely! Recently, at the Cannes film festival, nobody there looked Waiting," (EMI) Last Week: No. 3 better than Joan. Ms. Collins prides herself on her everyday appearance, and 2. Paula Abdul "Cold Hearted," unlike when under the heavy lights of the cameras, she does not wear a wig. (Virgin) No. 4 In fact, Joanie wore a wig quite a bit on "Dynasty" to protect her beautiful 3. Roxette "Dressed For Suchair -and in person it is beautiful with a capital "B," as is the rest of the cess," (EMI) No. 9 actess 4. Karyn White "Secret Rendezv-ctress! ous," (Warner) No. 7 Q. I know this question comes up every day, but will this be the Rhyme," (Atlantic) No. 5" last television season for Larry Hagman as J.R. on "Dallas?" E.L., 6. Gloria Estefan "Don't Wanna Oklahoma City. Okia. Lose You," (Epic) No. 6 7. L.L. Cool J "I'm Just That Type Of Guy," (Def Jam/Columbia) No. 8 a 8. New Kids On The Block "Hangin' Tough," (Columbia) No. 10 9. Donny Osmond "Sacred EmoNew Kids on the Block tion," (Capitol) No. 11 10. Michael Damian "Cover Of Love," (Cypress/A&M) No. 15 Top C&W Singles 1. Keith Whitley "I Wonder Do T p You Think Of Me," (RCA) Last Week: 1. Jonathan Butler "Sarah, No. 2 Sarah," (Jive/RCA) Last Week: No. 2 2. Randy Travis "Promises," 2. Teddy Riley Featuring Guy (Warner Bros.) No. 3 "My Fantasy," (Motown) No. 3 3. Willie Nelson "Nothing I Can 3. Stephanie Mills "Something In Do About It Now," (Columbia/CBS) The Way (You Make Me Feel)," No. 4 (MCA) No. 4 4. The Forester Sisters "Don't 4. Alyson Williams Featuring You," (Warner) No. 5 Nikki D "My Love Is So Raw," (Def 5. Highway 101 "Honky Tonk Jam/Columbia) No. 6 Heart," (Warner) No. 6 5. Special Ed "I Got It Made," 6. The Judds "Let Me Tell You (Profile) No. 7 About Love," (Curb/RCA) No. 7 6. Aretha Franklin/Whitney 7. Clint Black "Killin' Time," Houston "It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't (RCA) No. 8 Never Gonna Be," (Arista) No. 8 8. Southern Pacific "Any Way 7. Babyface "It's No Crime," The Wind Blows," (Warner Bros.) (Solar) No. 9 No. 9 8. Public Enemy "Fight The 9. Rodney Crowell "Above And A. Only if the show is cancelled, and that is highly unlikely. Besides, Power," (Motown) No. 10 Beyond," (Columbia/CBS) No. 10 Hagman earns around $150,000 an episode and he knows a good thing when 9. The Isley Bros. "Spend The 10. Ricky Van Shelton "Living he has one -unlike many other actors in the business. J.R. has been very Night (Ce Soir)," (Warner Bros.) No. Proof," (Columbia/CBS) No. 20 good to Larry and he absolutely loves the role and never grows tired of it. In 11 ( 1989 by King Features Synd. fact, he has stated that as long as people want J.R. Ewing on television, he'll 10. Natalie Cole Duet With be honored to oblige. Freddie Jackson "I Do," (EMI) No. 17 Q. We all know that the cameras can either highlight or hide an F actor's imperfections. Case in point: Ken Wahl. I would like to know why the actor feels that he is not that attractive and why he is Y our H oroscop e somewhat amazed by people who feel he is the sexiest'man alive, as I do? G.D., Boston, Mass. ARIES (March 21 to April 19) A 22) Work is an uphill battle at times A. Ken likes to feel that people are attracted to him on the screen because new project of an exciting nature this week, but you'll benefit greatly he has heart. Stated Wahl: "I have crooked teeth. I've got only one eyebrow. will get your creative juices flowing from it. This week the theme is My mouth is crooked and my nose is crooked." at this time. Shopping for the home recreation. Romance goes well, but and family is highly favored. It tempers could flair over a minor Q. Whatever happened to that "Odd Couple" television special would be premature to speak of a misunderstanding. Your need for that you wrote about a few months ago. Did I miss it? And, what is financial matter now with a close closeness could prove overwhelmTony Randall up to these days? C.D., Anchorage, Alaska friend. Unexpected travel looms in ing to a romantic tie. A. You did not miss the special reuniting Randall with Jack Klugman as the your immediate future. SCORPIO (October 23 to Novemdynamic duo of Felix and Oscar. The project was put back and will be shown TAURUS (April 20 May 20) This ber 21) This could be a week of early next year. When dates are available, this space will be happy to print week the morning hours are much extravagance, so watch your credit. the times. Otherwise, Mr. Randall has been very busy as usual. This week, in more favorable for real estate dealFeelings fluctuate between riskfact, the extremely talented and dapper actor will be replacing John ings and job interests. Guard against taking and being overly cautious. Rubinstein in the award-winning Broadway play "M. Butterfly." B.D. Wong a mix-up regarding a business For this reason, it is crucial at this will continue in the lead role, which he copped a Tony Award for. appointment. Rapport with a mate time to investigate all matters thormakes you especially happy now, oughly. Be attentive. Q. Exactly how old is Dolly Parton? M.C., Athens, Ga. though an evening engagement may SAGITIARIUS (November 22 to A. Dolly proudly admits to being 43 years of age. In fact, Dolly says she has have to be suddenly cancelled. December 21) Though this week is never felt or looked better in her life. I agree. GEMINI (May 21 to June 20) A favored for dating or renewed misunderstanding with a mate or harmony with your spouse, there close friend could occur this week may be some stresses and strains in leaving you a bit depressed. Howthe relationship. Defuse this tension Am ericans save m ore in 1989 ever, make sure you are not overby keeping the lines of communicaAfter a low of 3.2 percent in 1987, Americans increased their personal reacting or blowing the situation out tion open. You may have mixed savings rate to 6.0 percent of disposable personal income in the first of proportion. A difficult situation feelings about a trip. quarter of 1989. This is well below the rate reached in 1973, however, on the job front is not as hopeless as CAPRICORN (December 22 to when the average American personal savings rate was 9.4 percent. it currently appears. Be patient. January 19) You may not get as U.S. PERSONAL SAVINGS RATE, 1973-1989 CANCER (June 21 to July 22) much privacy as you'd like now. As a percent of disposable Bonds of friendship will grow stronHowever, a tense situation with a pern ods b ger now. However, it's not the best friend or mate will be resolved by personaJincome: of times to be giving unsolicited week's end. A honcho on the job advice in either business or the may be hard to convince now and a personal life of a close friend. co-worker may be harder to get 10% Instead, be a good and understandalong with. 9.4 ing listener. Unexpected romance AQUARIUS (January 20 to looms this weekend with a busy February 18) You'll get a domestic social schedule. squabble settled to your satisfaction 8% LEO (July 23 to August 22) If you this week. A social obligation comes ignore a loved one's feelings this early in the week. In addition, you'll week, you are certainly sure to hear finally finish up a lot of loose ends, 6.0% about it. In addition, if you overespecially on the financial front. 6% spend at this time you'll certainly Your income should improve drahave later regrets. On a happier note, matically. though, your career goals take PISCES (February 19 to March 4%/c dramatic steps forward this week. 20) Your career goals are idealistic VIRGO (August 23 to September now, so keep an eye on practicalities 22) If you want a project completed as well. Be wary of household now, either on the homefront or at guests, who overstay their welcome the office, it's best to do it yourself. and become a handful. Your judg73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89* Others could slip up and this leads ment is extremely good at this time to a major misunderstanding. Merriwhere real estate and shopping is ment is the theme for the weekend concerned. "1st quarter data, seasonally adjusted annual rate. with renewed love interests favored. @ 198 hy Kng FIatuis synd. U US Des on Ce r LIBRA (September 23 to October

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Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 lifestyle Ultra: GM designs car for 'mature'motorists Editor's note: For each car written adjusting buttons on the driver's America's premium automobiles. ($299). about in his weekly Roadtalk inside door, 16 more are found on a The Ultra is obviously a car for The 3,427-pound Ultra rides on a column, UPI Auto Writer Jan touch-sensitive display screen which those used to all the excesses of the 110.8-inch wheelbase, and has the Zverina test drives the vehicle for flips up from the seat's center rolling land yachts of yesteryear, hushed-boulevard ride expected of about one week, driving it between console. combined with the efficiencies of most luxury sedans. The key is what 250 and 500 miles on both city and Controls for both the driver and today's smaller, front-drive cars. Buick calls its Dynaride suspension rural roads.) passenger sides include adjustments Relatively modern technology system -basically specially designed for thigh and lumbar supports, as lurks beneath the Buick Ultra's shock absorbers. by Jan A. Zverina well as four-way adjustments for formal exterior. The only engine But it's overall feel is certainly not UPI Auto Writer each headrest. offered is GM's 3.8 liter "3800" V6, outstanding. Noise from rough There is even a memory circuit to rated at 165 horsepower at 4,800 pavement or expansion joints still DETROIT (UPI) -The best seat lock in pre-programmed settings so rpm. It is coupled to a 4-speed seep into the interior from below, in the house is not in the house one does not have to fiddle with these automatic transaxle with overdrive. while a fair degree of wind noise is anymore. It's in the Buick Park adjustments after someone else has EPA fuel estimates are 19 mpg in present from the sides. Avenue Ultra, and the price of set them another way. the city, rising to 29 mpg on the Its transverse-mounted, fuel admission begins at more than About the only thing missing are highway, nearly double what a Park injected V6 engine offers more than $26,000. the four portholes along the sides of Avenue could manage 10 years ago. adequate power, and performed The Ultra is Buick's most the hood, which for years told the All the usual amenities are flawlessly underall conditions. It is luxurious full-sized car, based on the world you were driving a one of standard, as are anti-lock brakes, also very accessible from a service front-drive Park Avenue sedan first automatic front seat belts, climate standpoint -something not very introduced for 1985. It is expressly control and AM-FM stereo. Extra common in luxury cars loaded with designed for what the. General sound insulation and a two-tone underhood accessories. Motors division calls the "mature" paint job are also standard. Emergency handling, helped by its motorist, or older folks who wish to The Park Avenue Ultra evaluated anti-skid brakes, is also more than be pampered every mile of the way in for this review cost $29,290 as tested adequate for a sedan of this size and cushy comfort. ~f competitivelypriced when weight. Within the Ultra is something no compared with other large luxury Buick hopes to sell 6,000 Ultras for other car has -something which sedans these days but downright 1989, each one backed by GM's three would embarrass any self-respecting outrageous considering it is based on year /50,000 mile comprehensive Barcalounger, Stratolounger or Laa GM sedan now in its fifth year. warranty. Z-Boy recliner. Major options included a full vinyl Those well-heeled buyers looking It's an orthodpedically designed roof for a whopping $895, as well as for the best seat in the house may leather front seat that adjusts no less an upgraded stereo ($357) and want to consider parking the Buick than 20 ways. Besides the six electronic dash instrumentation Ultra in their garages. Notebook computers offer users 'office in a briefcase' TOKYO (Reuter) -"An office in IC cards can be read without involved information processing. But With the rush of new models, a briefcase." That was the dream of a moving parts, making them lighter, our new machine is for the average notebook-sized computers could California computer visionary nearly smaller and more efficient and person," said Masayuki Sato, a grab up to 10 percent of the booming two decades ago. Now it's nearing reliable than floppies, which technical strategist at Toshiba. laptop market a year from now, reality. sometimes die a sudden death if Toshiba hopes to sell 300,000 units Dataquest's Nakano said. A new generation of "notebook scratched. in Japan in the next 2 1/2 years-just Global laptop sales, including the computers" are slim enough to slip Although technically superior, the over half its current domestic sales. heavier models which predominate, into a briefcase or a coat pocket. IC card format suffers from alack of Overseas sales have not been are expected to be worth some $3.5 They are far lighter but just as software and standards, making planned. billion this year and continue powerful as bulkier "laptops" of cards incompatible among different That figure may be optimistic, growing at 35 percent annually to several years ago. They can send brands. however, because Sharp, NEC, -nearly $12 billion in 1993. faxes or electronic mail, display "I don't think the IC card format Fujitsu and others are also In 1989 sales will double to some moving images, process words or will be well accepted until standards developing new notebook models 500,000 units in both Japan and crunch numbers. are set. It will take two or three with.5-inch floppies. And Zenith, the Europe. In the more mature U.S. Their convenience will create new years," said Nagayoshi Nakano, an most popular U.S. make, has just market, where about 850,000 laptops computer converts and bring closer analyst at market research firm unveiled a machine using two-inch were sold last year, sales will grow by the era in which personal computers Dataquest, Japan. poppies, industry analysts said: 24 percent, Nakano added. are as indispensable as pen and However, one California start-up paper, industry analysts said. Poqet Computer Corp., plans to use La Lafe t To be sure, today's notebook IC cards in what may be the world's Laughter affects tem perature models are not the answer for the smallest computer company, experienced computer user addicted compatible with an IBM-PC. ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) -chemicals called endorphins, he to software requiring powerful Expected to be introduced later Laughter may not be the best said. machines with color displays. this month at just under $2,000, the medicine, but putting on a smile In experiments on facial Most notebook models also computer weighs just one pound and can have a mood-mellowing effect movement unrelated to emotions, cannot run for more than a few hours can slip into a coat pocket. It can run that's more than skin deep. Zajonc asked 26 people to on batteries. They must -and will for 100 hours on batteries. Poqet is Changes in the muscles of the pronounce and comment on vowel -become even lighter before bankrolled and technologically face can indirectly raise or lower sounds. The subjects preferred becoming standard in the backed by Fujitsu. the temperatures the bloodtothe ah" and "ee" sounds, which businessman's briefcase. Atari Corp. and other firms also brain, affecting the release of prompted a decrease in Still, they are getting closer to the plan to sell pocket-sized models. mood-altering chemicals, said temperature. dream of computer visionary Alan However, some say miniaturizaUniversity of Michigan The theory that facial Kay, who in 1972 conceived of a tion has gone too far. psychologist Robert Zajonc. expressions may influence small, easy-to-use computer called "It's crucial to have a full-sized The muscle changes alter the emotions first was raised in 1907 Dynabook -a dynamic notebook. keyboard to enter data comfortably," temperature of blood in the by French physician Israel American and J a p an e s e said Dataquest's Nakano. cavernous sinus, a vein that wraps Waynbaum, who believed that the companies have taken two "The notebook size is the limit. around a nasal artery carrying muscles' pressure on arteries approaches to miniaturize and Smaller machines will be used only blood to the brain, said Zajonc, partly controlled how much blood lighten the laptop, which is still better by salesmen or marketing executives whose research was published in reached the brain. termed "luggable" than "portable." for entering data in the field." the July issue of Psychological Toshiba and other firms have kept Japanese computer makers seem to Review. the standard 3.5-inch floppy disc concur, and are planning to unleash a "I do not claim that temperature drive used in most personal slew of new notebook-sized models changeistheonly way ofinducing computers to store files and with 3.5-inch floppy drives. emotional state. But the theory application programs. The Toshiba, the world's biggest laptop helps explain a number of curious advantage to this is compatibility maker, has just begun selling a new phenomena. For example, it with most laptops and desktop PCs. model, named DynaBook after Kay's might explain why placebo pills But the drives are heavy and drain the conception. are so frequently effective." battery. Analysts expect the six-pound People who take placebos may Others, from Zenith Data model to sell well because it is the momentarily change their Systems, NEC Corp. and other firms, cheapest of the new range, priced at breathing patterns and facial have replaced floppies with IC cards under $1,450. expressions, indirectly changing -a package of memory chips packed "Until now, laptops have been the temperature in regions of the in a slab the size of a credit card. mainly for people whose work brain that release pain-reducing

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Tropic Times U Aug. 9,1989 King Crossword ACROSS 1. Whip handle 5. Fragment q 9. To slip 10. Natural elevations 12. Veinlike deposit 13. Flounder, about 14. Evening -(poet.) 22. 15. Vex 16. Plural---pronoun 17. Of the ) q 3 31 --west 19. Wine 33 receptacle 20. Owned 36 21. One who 3 11 lies 22. Endured 25. Flowerless plants "No hitting below the belt, right?" 26. Listen 39. Drench a plow 27. Ancient 27. Sprite 40. Vexed 9. Killed country 28. Writing 41. Places 11. Declares 29. American fluid 42. Botch solemnly Indians 29. Disturbance DOWN 13. Promise 30. Appendages 33. Music 1. A spice 15. Peruse 31. Journeys note 2. Is borne 18. God of in a 34. Irritat3. Poem thunder circuit ingly self4. Hebrew 19. Breeze 32. Bamboo-like sufficient letter 21. Remaining grass person 5. A series of 22. Counties 34. Pole 35. Afirmaconnected (Eng.) 37. Owing tive vote links 23. Ancient 38. Exclama36. Edible 6. A-Confederate Turkish tion of roots of general island in disgust taros 7. Sick Aegean Sea 40. Ream 38. Discharge 8. One who 24. Tree (abbr.) a gun operates 25. Ensign Vision' Teaser "Prepare to bivouac when we reach the top, pass it on! -_Answers to King Crossword 3AV 9 1 'd 9~ k V Ii -1 (3 I Find at least six differences in details between panels. 71 1-1 LAUGH TIME sjdej. 9 1uaasPS op RH 9 JOIJ4tSSILJSS P tua.aup'Slan C 1UOWWP S! )P-SeH Z P LMS 019 soU POSMOJ :SI saOWU WishingjjWell 8 6 4 3 5 7 6 4 8 2 5 2 3 G E A N A M A G 0 C S H E 5 3 7 6 4 8 5 3 2 3 7 6 4 A W A S 0 L F S I F I E 0 "Eighty-five dollars!! Thank heavens I don't remember our anniversary every year." 'Ill have to take it to the shop. In the meantime, Leon will stay here 6 7 5 8 2 6 4 5 3 8 4 2 7 and insult your intelligence." A L E D C N D A R C D W O 8 4 2 7 5 8 6 0 E A R D M 0 D A V C D R 4 5 3 5 6 4 8 2 7 6 3 5 7 L E M N O F E D E M A T R 7 2 6 4 3 5 6 7 5 8 2 4 2 G R F 0 F U 0 I R S 0 R B3 B 4 5 7 6 4 3 6 4 7 2 8 1 A I Y E F R 0 R T U T E N HERE IS A PLEASANT LITTLE GAME that will give you a -i message every day. It's a numerical puzzle designed to spell out your fortune. Count the letters in your first name. If the number of letters is 6 or more, subtract 4. If the number is less than 6, add 3. The result is your key number. Start at the upper left-hand corner and check one of your key numbers, left to right. Then read the message the letters "OK Take her down!" under the checked figures give you. "OK._Take_1-_down.

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Tropic Times Aug. 9,1989 sports Pro Football Hall of Fame inducts four players CANTON, Ohio (AP) -Art Shell Angeles Raider offensive tackle said. Willie Wood of Green Bay and Wood played at Southern Cal. considers his induction into the Pro "That maybe there were some people Pittsburgh's Mel Blount -and one of Ironically, he had come to Southern Football Hall of Fame August 5 as a who recognized what offensive the glamour quarterbacks of the Cal in the first place because he was tribute to those who don't keep their linemen and 'defensive linemen are 1970s and 1980s, the Steelers' Terry recruited by Davis, then assisting the eyes only on the ball. capable of doing," Bradshaw. program. "I guess this shows that there were Joining Shell in the class of 1989 If Shell, Blount and Wood didn't He caught on with the Packers as a people out there watching the line were two other players from blueget as much publicity as Bradshaw, free agent after a letter-writing play," the former Oakland and Los collar positions -defensive backs one thing the four share is success. campaign to various NFL teams. All together they won 10 Super Bowl Blount and Bradshaw share more championship rings. than a common team and those four Each of the four spent his entire rings. Both were high draft choices career with the same franchise. And out of small colleges in 1970. Both all four gave credit to the systems played through the 1983 season. which developed them.plydtruhhe18saon he defoted 285-poun SBlount intercepted 57 passes and The 6-foot-5, 285-pound Shell, a recovered 13 opposition fumbles. third-round pick out of MarylandHe is currently director of player Eastern Shore in 1968, was an relations in the NFL office. integral part of the Raiders' Super lons eNL office. Bowl victories in 1977 and 1981. press entet bynSteeney. Wood, who intercepted 48 passes president Dan Rooney. between 1960 and 1971 while winning Bradshaw, a 6-3, 210-pounder out two Super Bowls with the Packers, of Louisiana Tech, completed 2,025 said he only wished that his late of his 3,901 career passes for almost coach, Vince Lombardi, were present 16 miles in yardage. He threw for 212 for his induction. touchdowns. "Lombardi put a new meaning to Twice he was named most valuable Art Shell Terry Bradshaw the game of football," he said. "He player in a Super Bowl, in 1979 and equated football with life. And now I again in 1980. have come to believe those things, Over the last three years, Blount too. and Bradshaw are the third and' When the going gets tough, you have fourth former Steelers to be elected to resort back to the basics -I learned to the hall in their first year of that in Green Bay. Those long days eligibility. and stern talks always seem to pop up They join Jack Ham (1988) and Joe in my life." Greene (1987). Lundquist introduces Bradshaw PITTSBURGH (AP) -Terry victories, but he has nothing to do Bradshaw's selection of CBS with the organization now. br oadcasting partner Vern Since retiring earlier this decade, Lundquist to introduce him for he has been back to Three Rivers induction into the Football Hall of Stadium just once, for a short tape Fame hasn't won him fans among recording. his former teammates. Many say he's upset with the Mel blount Willie Wood "I was hoping he would have way he was treated by coaches and picked someone from the Steelers fans during his last season, during to do that," retired center Ray which he was injured. Basbal ta digsMansfield said of Saturday's "It's tragic,"' said former Iguard As of August 8 presentation. Bradshaw said he chose Gerry "Moon" Mullins. "It's a AMERICAN Lundquist because he feels close to personal decision on Terry's part, Eant Division Are drugs causing a problem inr him. and I'm not going to question it, V L Pet. aa yotr life? There is a solution. The former Pittsburgh Steelers but I think it's a real shame he's Baltimore 57 53 .518 -Narcotics Anonymous meet every quarterback led the team to an chosen to isolate himself from Toronto 56 56 .500 2 Monday and Thursday at 8 P,unsurpassed four Super Bowl everyone." Boston 54 55 .495 2 1/2 i Building 6550, Corozal. Cleveland 54 57 .486 3 1/2 R ml ol -l u 545 49'ers Rams hold football clmi m Japan New York 53 59 .473 1 Detroit 40 71 .389 17 1/1 TOKYO (AP) -Japan's crash NFL game. It was a lesson the market. West Division course in American football extends Japanese players said they will repeat "Since Japan has become so strong V L P-,. a from the field to the boardroom and over and over in practice. economically and there is a lot of California 67 43 .09 even to the subway. g ,, "Their throwing is very quick, and friction with the U.S., we'd like to Oakland 67 5 .598 1 So far, the students get A" for the wide receivers move very fast. promote better understanding Kansas City 61 50 .550 6 1/2 doryoku or effort and "incomplete" And the linemen are so huge -they between our two countries," Gyo Texas 58 52 .527 9 for results, are like bears and we're like rats." Ishiguro said through an interpreter NInnesota 56 56 .500 12 A wide receiver for the St. Paul's Even football cheerleaders went to wearing a black and silver Los Seattle 53 58 .477 4 1/2 Rushers, one of 500 university teams school. Cheerleaders for the 49ers Angeles Raiders cap. Chicago 47 64 .423 20 1/2 in Japan, hung his head after and Rams ran a two-hour training Ishiguro works for the culture and dropping a long pass from Kevin camp for cheerleaders from six sports promotion department of NATIONAL Sweeney, the San Francisco 49ers' universities in Tokyo at Meiji Yomiuri Shimbun, the world's East Division reserve quarterback, at a clinic. But University. largest daily newspaper with a N L Pet. aB he charged back up the field and Meanwhile, Japanese corporate circulation of 9.3 million and coChicago 64 48 .571 -hung onto the ball the next time, to executives are working overtime to sponsor of the game. Montreal 63 49 .563 1 the cheers of his fellow Rushers. turn the citizenry into hard-core football fans. The months-long "Since football is very popular in St. Louis 58 50 .537 4 "No doubt it'll be a few years till prmot n ftegaeis the states, we'd like to show it to the Mew York 58 52 .527 5 they catch up toNotre Dame's level, promotion of the game is tesae~edieohwtoh Pittsburgh 47 64 .427 161/2 butyou know they'll workat ithard,, culminating this week in a flurry of Japanese public," he said. "It's Phila 45 66 .05 Ad P/2 Sweeney said. "They were real TV commercials, billboards, subway modern, it requires a lot of .et Division receptive to us today. They're ahardplacards and sponsor hype. knowledge and it's exciting physically, so it has the potential to N L Pet. GB working people." Corporate executives in threebe a big sport here." San Fran 64 48 .571 -Ninety uniformed players from the piece suits, wearing white "American Houston 62 50 .554 2 Rushers and the Seijo Orange Bowl '89" caps, have stood on the Spreading the word about Beams, whose nickname is catchier sidelines at each of the 49er and Ram touchdown passes and safety blitzes San Diego 56 56 .500 8 than their record, received practices. The game is a nonprofit translates to greater publicity for Cincinnati 53 58 .477 10 1/2 instruction from 49ers and Los venture, they claim, but they are Yomiuri Shimbun, Toshiba and Los Angeles 53 60 .469 11 1/2 Angeles Rams players here for watching it with the scrutiny of Nippon Television, the major Atlanta 45 67 .402 19 Sunday's American Bowl preseason speculators looking to invest in a new sponsors.

PAGE 12

12Tropic Times Aug. 9, 1989 Columbia's launch elates NASA officials CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (UPI) now we are looking forward to more "Once we fly it and recover it, the when it started out. It's going to be a -Jubilant space officials heralded of them." recovery program will have been gem of a vehicle." Tuesday's launch of the shuttle Columbia joins Discovery and fully excuted," he said. "From a launch standpoint, we've Columbia as a triumphant end to the Atlantis in NASA's fleet of flightMc Cart n e y a ls o disputed got them all back into flight status," long and painful recovery process ready shuttles. Another orbiter, w i d e s p r e ad d e s c r ipt io n s of Sieck said of the shuttle fleet. "Of from the 1986 Challenger disaster. called Endeavour, is scheduled to go Columbia as a "hangar queen," course, as shuttle missions go, you Columbia, NASA's original into service in 1992. sitting mothballed and dismantled like to see it perform in flight and shuttle built a decade ago, returned Sieck offered "an attaboy and an and being robbed of spare parts to we'll be watching that close over the to space after being grounded 3 1/2 attagirl for everyone on the project." help keep its newer counterparts next few days. years ago for extensive refitting and M c C a r t n e y p r o c 1 a i m e d flying. "But we're looking forward to a modification prompted by the deadly Columbia's mission as the successful "I would call it as good as new in smooth mission and a landing, and to explosion of Challenger. conclusion of the effort to return the terms of the way it performed in the get the vehicle back home and get The mood at launch control "was shuttle program to its pre-Challenger final phases of checkout," Sieck said into the three-vehicle and flow one of elation," said Forrest capacity. of Columbia. "It's just like it was operation we had three to four years McCartney, director of Kennedy ago," he said. Space Center, after Columbia The Challenger disaster, which mourned through and thulohangin killed the ship's seven-member crew orbit. "Next to STS-26 (the first postJan. 28, 1986, was blamed on a faulty orbi. "ext o SS-26(th firt pst-seal in one of its solid-rocket Challenger flight), it stands pretty sers Te oots werer doggoneboosters. The boosters were reColumbia's last launch was Jan. designed and more than 200 changes 12, 1986, just 16 days before the ,were ordered to make the spacecraft Challenger explosion put the shuttle safer. program on hold. McCartney called the refurbished "Congratulations not only to the Columbia "as flight-worthy as the launch team for the effort in the final other vehicles and I can't see any phases but the whole program team difference between any of the three." that put Columbia back together, "We have modified all three birds which as you know was over a threeand flown all three birds now and year effort," launch director Robert we've had five total flights within a Sieck said after Columbia lifted off year. And we think that's a milestone on a secret military mission. we can be proud of," he said. "It was a good one," Sieck said of SIZZLER -Londoners gather around the fountains in Trafalgar Square "We're America's launch team, Tuesday's picture-perfect blastoff. last month as temperatures reached a sizzling 93.5 Fahrenheit, the highest and we're proud to be America's "We'd like to have more of them. forl3years.AsBritain'sheatwavecontinued,London washotterthanmany launch team," he said. "We think we And with three vehicles in fleet status popular European holiday resorts. (AP L aserphoto) do a good job of it." Soviet softporn makes Pravda editors see red MOSCOW (UPI) -One offshoot "These beauties are obviously The tamest of the pictures are Parade of Vulgarity." of Soviet leader Mi k hail lacking clothing. Their clothes are, about as daring as those in mid-1960s Fueled by Gorbachev's campaign Gorbachev's "glasnost" drive makes putting it mildly, scarce -at least for vintage Playboy Magazine, of "glasnost," or openness, the editors at Pravda see red: the the severe Siberian climate," Pravda emphasizing the bared breast and homemade erotic pictures also have "parade of vulgarity" at kiosks now said. alluring smile. Even the most risque appeared at kiosks in cosmopolitan selling erotic calendars and pinup"Their barely covered or don't dare show a woman's genitals Moscow, and Pravda said state-run girl postcards. completely bare attractions plaster or explicit sexual acts and few are of booths are joining privately owned Pravda, official organ of the kiosk windows." high photographic quality. cooperative kiosks in the race to Communist Party, criticized the Novosibirsk, the country's eighthThe editors at Pravda would have make money off nudity. seamier side of the country's largest city with 1.4 million people, is nothing of such distinctions. The Anshlag cooperative is selling resurgent free enterprise Tuesday in not alone in profiting from the sale of "These calendars, scrutinized by the steamy calendars for I ruble each an article mocking booths peddling materials that barely would qualify teenagers of both sexes, scream of -about $1.65 -at Novosibirsk's pictures of naked women in the giant as "soft porn" in the West but offend depravity and baseness," Pravda said Tolmachovsky Airport, and the Siberian city of Novosibirsk. many straight-laced Soviets. in an article under the headline "A Temp cooperative across town is peddling similar fare at the city's Tests expose Packer as killer, cannibal cer instare avda saing "tempting postcards made in the LAKE CITY, Colo (UPI) -one nearly intact skeleton. companions to survive, fertile lands of (the republic of) Scientists working on a century-old Work was to continue at the Project leader James Starrs of Moldavia," the newspaper said. mystery say they have evidence that gravesite until at least Saturday, then George Washington University said "What is this revolutionary spirit two victims of cannibal Alfred the remains will be sent to the the finding of the crushed skulls that has taken on the task of sexually Packer were killed by severe blows to University of Arizona for analysis. doesn't necessarily indicate Packer enlightening Dear Mother Siberia, the head. Scientists hope to use the laboratory was guilty. He said there was which has remained in traditional Two skulls unearthed by examinations to separate fact and probably more than one assailant, backwardness?" Pravda asked. excavation teams digging at the fiction in the notorious case. because one person wouldn't have "It must make Western Europe presumed gravesite of Packer's five In February of 1874, Packer led been able to overpower all five quiver to see that we are now also companions show evidence of five prospectors into the San Juan victims. enlightened and free-thinking." multiple blows, possibly inflicted by Mountains to look for gold, despite Scientists also will look for knife Pravda criticized the "blindness of a blunt ax or hatchet, forensic warnings to wait until spring. Two marks on the bones and other Novosibirsk authorities who do not experts said. months later, he was the only one to evidence to determine whether the recognize legalized pornography The skulls are among hundreds of emerge alive, showing up at an bodies were butchered and later when they're staring straight at it" bones and bone fragments Indian agency with tales of cold and cooked. and lambasted what it called their discovered at the 115-year-old burial starvation. "We hope to come up with "willingness to compromise real site in southwest Colorado. Packer, who was convicted of indications of cannibalism," said democratization and glasnost by Scientists have found bones from manslaughter in all five deaths, forensic pathologist Bill Anderson of confusing them with these visual four of the five men so far, including admitted he ate the flesh of his Naples, Fla. aids." by United Press International Mogilev-Podolsky, an ancient negotiations. "Any declaration identifying 20 categories of people city on the Dnestr River, can hurt because it is a very as targets for punishment, Match ignites gas destroyed 20 apartment units and delicate issue," said Yossi Chinese sources said Tuesday. damaged 10 others. Achimeir, spokesman for Prime The sweeping list was issued in an buidig mintenane ork Isaels want quiet Minister Yitzhak Shamir. internal document by the Chinese investigating a gas leak struck a JERUSALEM -Israeli China names targets Communist Party Central match and ignited an explosion officials are calling for an end to BEIJING -The Chinese Committee and the State Council, that killed 18 people and injured unauthorized comments on the government, facing resistance to China's Cabinet, and has been six in a Ukrainian city, the official current hostage crisis in hopes of an ongoing campaign to crush circulated among government Tass news agency said Tuesday. ending what one politician called dissent, has sharpened an officials and party members Pravda newspaper said the blast a "disease of the mouth" that investigation of this spring's during the past week, the sources in the basement of a building in could jeopardize touchy democracy movement by said.