Citation
The tropic times

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Title:
The tropic times
Creator:
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
Place of Publication:
Quarry Heights Republic of Panama
Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama
Publisher:
United States Southern Command
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 43 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Military bases, American -- Newspapers -- Panama -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- Newspapers -- United States -- Panama ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Canal Zone

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 5, 1988)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Repeated number, vol. 2, no. 45, for Dec. 11 and Dec. 15, 1989.
Issuing Body:
"Published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of the Director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command."
General Note:
"This authorized unofficial command information publication is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas."
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 10, no. 41 (Oct. 24, 1997).

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105
Resource Identifier:
21092434 ( OCLC )
2007240275 ( LCCN )

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Full Text

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Times


Vol. II, No. 25 Quarry Heights, Repub of Panama July 26, 1989
Vol. II, No. 25 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama July 26, 1989


PRD 's Duque says


New elections could take '2 to 3
-- -PANAMA CITY, Panama (UPI) "Every
. . - The government's presidential U.S. eco
candidate in the annulled May agressio
-. elections said Saturday U.S. Panaman
.'. interference in Panama's affairs must Duque
. end before new elections can be held candidate
iP' in "two to three years." winning
The nation has been in a political were dete
crisis since the violence-marred May Interna
7 elections were annulled three days have sai
S-- later amid widespread claims the president
. / government of de facto ruler Gen. backed C
. Manuel Antonio Noriega stole the Alliance,
election that had been easily won by Endar
V the U.S.-backed opposition, four hou
?, In an effort to resolve the impasse, next mov
J' the Organization of American States like the
last week called for democratic give up p
* - I elections, Noriega to transfer power its clain
n 1by Sept. 1, and the OAS to continue elections
� until Aug. 23 to try to mediate the Norieg
S- ,standoff. the Unite
SBut Carlos Duque, candidate for charges,
. the pro-military National Liberation Panaman
_ "Coalition, said Saturday electoral Accor
S'law revisions are needed first because Canal
standards "were visibly altered" Panama
during the elections. responsible
. B . l.ss .j,-"' . "To hold new elections, I would Canal.
say it will take two to three years, between
HANDLIFT - Sgt. James E. Colson, HHC, 1/61st Inf., 5th Inf. Div. since there have ttobe substantial deterio
(Mech.), carries a child to a Landing Craft Medium during Friday's changes to the electoral law," Duque administ
evacuation exerciseatFortAmador. Formore aboutthe exercise, seepages said in an interview with United Press sanction
6 and 7. (U.S. Army photo bySgt. Steve Finley) l International. 1988.


yearsJ
thing depends on a halt to
nomic and pyschological
n and interference in
nian affairs," Duque said.
e also said government
es backed by Noriega were
when voting irregularities
ected.
national observers, however,
d Guillermo Endara, the
:ial candidate of the U.S.-
'ivil Democratic Opposition
won by a 3-1 margin.
a's opposition forces met for
irs Saturday to discuss their
ve. Although the opposition,
OAS, is demanding Noriega
power, it also is insisting that
led victory in the May 7
be upheld.
ga, who has been indicted in
d States on drug trafficking
is commander of the
ian Defense Forces.
ling to the 1977 Panama.
Treaties, U.S. and
nian troops have joint
ability to defend the Panama
But military relations
n the two countries
ated after the Reagan
ration imposed. economic
s against Panama in March


Risk ofRP
PANAMA CITY, Panama
(Reuter) -- As the Panamanian crisis
drifts on with strongman Gen.
Manuel Antonio Noriega continuing
to ignore U.S. attempts to dislodge
him, the risk of a military clash
grows.
Washington, which has sought the
removal of Noriega since his

Opposition del
PANAMA CITY, Panama (UPI)
-- Panama's opposition leaders, who
claim to have won violence-marred
May elections, said Friday they may
resume street protests against the
rule of military strongman Gen.
Manuel Antonio Noriega.
Leaders of the U.S.-backed Civil
Democratic Opposition Alliance, or
ADOC, also reiterated their
unhappiness over an Organization of


FORT CLAYTON (USARSO
PAO) - A U.S. Army South
soldier was killed Monday at
Building 701, Corozal, when the
towing vehicle he was operating
fell from a loading platform.
The victim's name is being
withheld pending notification of
next of kin.
The soldier was attempting to
move the vehicle forward when it
backed off the loading ramp and
flipped, pinning the soldier
beneath it. The soldier was
pronounced dead on-scene by a
Gorgas Army Hospital physician.
The accident is under
investigation.


military clash grows, Reuter
indictment by two U.S. grand juries annulment of elections in May, are "The Panamanians
in 1988 on charges of assisting drug meant to be aggressive, best trained sold
traffickers, has stepped up military "It is an aggressive posture designed continent. They have
maneuvers in the Panama Canal to apply pressure on Noriega and to the U.S. and by the
zone which it controls. press the Panamanian Defense elite forces are excel
U.S. officials say the exercises, Forces to remove him," a U.S. But he agreed th
which have become more frequent official told Reuters. soldiers operating un
since President Bush bolstered the Political and military analyst on both sides, an isol
Panamanian garrison after the attribute the absence of any isolated not be ruled out.
incident -- such as a panicked soldier U.S. officials den'
ratess protests firing without orders --to the are aimed at prove
ALi professionalism of U.S. and incident. But after tl
American States resolution passed Panamanian troops who rub months of economic
Thursday after two days of debate in shoulders daily as they police the much sabre-rattling, s
hsa at to as o at in Panama Canal. could offer a tempt
Washington, D.C. U.S. officials play down the more direct intervent
The resolution attempting to Th< hinhrrfite of
resolve Panama's 2-month-old possibility of an isolated incident The high profile of
peolte Panamas f2-lectionts, developing into a full-blooded has injected a new u:
political crisis calls for new elections engagement search for a political
NTnr iPn to transfer nrAower bh\ CSent I1 ag


i-lorivega rv lansjie powrur i j 0pL.
and an extension until Aug. 23 of t
OAS mandate to mediate tall
between the opposition and Norieg


I,
he
ks
ga


forces.
But the U.S.-backed opposition
leaders are insisting upon
recognition of their reported 3-1
victory in the May 7 elections, which
were annulled three days later by
Noriega amid allegations of
widespread fraud.
Guillermo Endara, the ADOC
presidential candidate, said the
opposition will meet Saturday to
decide its future course of action -
including whether to withdraw from
the OAS talks.
He said the opposition may
resume its demonstrations against
the Noreiga regime, saying "it is a
definite possibility and probably
will happen."
Since the violent aftermath of the
May 7 elections, the opposition has
avoided any street protests and
instead pursued such other means of
protest as an unsuccessful strike.


says
are some of the
tiers on the
been trained by
Israelis. Their
ent," one said.
at with young
der great stress
ated clash could
y the exercises
king such an
he failure of 16
sanctions and
;uch an incident
ing excuse for
ion.
the U.S. troops
rgency into the
solution.


et center


Angolans down jet
by United Press International
LISBON, Portugal - Angolan
UNITA guerrillas armed by the
United States shot down a Soviet-
built transport plane, killing 42
people, in a move that threatens to
wreck the fragile month-old cease-
fire in Angola's 14-year civil war,
the Portuguese news agency Lusa
reported Tuesday from Luanda.
Six people reportedly survived the
crash.
Contras hold talks
SAN SALVADOR, El Sal-
vador - Salvadoran President
Alfredo Cristiani met with a
delegation of U.S.-backed
Nicaraguan rebels for talks on the
proposed dismantling of Contra
bases in Honduras. A Contra
military leader said the rebels are


opposed to the demobilization
plan currently under con-
sideration and instead favor
keeping the guerrilla army intact
"until after the (Feb. 25, 1990)
elections, to keep guard against
fraud."
Durables increase
WASHINGTON -- The
government reported Tuesday
that orders for durable goods rose
0.3 percent during June to 5124.1
billion, well below what
economists had expected in the
wake of a sharp 4.4 percent drop in
May. Declines in orders for
transportation equipment such as
cars and ships more than offset
gains in orders for other categories
of so-called big-ticket items
designed to last at least three
years, the Commerce Department
said.


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2 Tropic Times
July 26, 1989


U.S. news


'Aggressive'clean-air proposal gets c


r


iticism


WASHINGTON (Reuter) --
President Bush moved to make good
on his campaign commitment to a
cleaner environment by proposing an
"aggressive" clean-air law Friday but
drew criticism from ecology groups
and politicians before he even
unveiled it.
"This piece of legislation will see to
it that every American in every city in
America will breathe clean air," he
said at a White House ceremony as
he announced the legislation.
Bush said his proposal would clean
up emissions that cause acid rain by
the end of the century and cut
airborne toxic chemicals from major
sources by at least 75 percent.
"This is one of the most aggressive
pieces of environmental legislation
competing on (Capitol) Hill," he
said.
"Let me make one thing very, very
clear: clean air is too important to be
a partisan issue," Bush said. "Anyone
who allows political bickering to
weaken our progress against
pollution does a tragic disservice to
every city in America and to every
American...who wants and deserves
clean air."
But Bush's proposal -- the first
White House plan to overhaul
federal pollution laws in more than a
decade -- came under fire from
Democratic critics in Congress even
before the Rose Garden ceremony.
"This bill would significantly
tarnish his intended image to be 'the
environmental president'," said
Democratic Sen. Max Baucus of
Montana at a news conference hours
before Bush formally submitted his
proposed legislation.
The "environmental president"
slogan was one Bush used often in his
election-campaign when he pledged
to create "a kinder, gentler nation."
The clean-air law was designed to
help deliver on those pledges.
Baucus, who comes from a state

Old car draws

top auction bid

SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) - A
1928 SSK Mercedes drew the top
bid of $1 million at a weekend
auction of vintage cars that drew
30,000 people to Moscone Center.
About 500 cars went on the
block and sales totaled about $16
million with some cars going for
between $200,000 and $500,000,
spokesman Kurt Hazard said.
Former baseball star Reggie
Jackson sold 15 cars from his
collection of about $120,000, the
most expensive a 1963 Corvette
offered for $70,000.
Auctioneers said they expected
a 1937 Mercedes 540 KC, offered
at $2 million, would be the star of
the show but it drew a winning bid
of only $525,000.
The cars ranged from a 1929
Cord L to numerous Farraris to a
1967 Pontiac GTO.


where the environment is an
important issue, and environmental
groups said Bush's bill backs away
from the tough standards on acid
rain, automobile exhaust and urban
air pollution that he had outlined
earlier.
But the White House denied the
president was retreating from a June
12 speech and accused his detractors
of distorting the content of the bill.
"He is not pulling back on
anything. His bill lives up to the letter
and spirit of that proposal. It is
tougher than anything on (Capitol)
Hill," spokesman Marlin Fitzwater
told reporters.
The critics learned the outlines of
the bill from advance drafts and an
Environmental Protection Agency
spokesmen confirmed that their
information was essentially correct.
In summary, the bill would:
-Tighten limits on automobile
emissions of hydrocarbon pollutants
by almost 40 percent. However, the
limits would be set as an average,
rather than as a ceiling as under
current law.
The National Clear Air Coalition,
an environmental group, said that
could actually lead to an increase in
pollution.
Asked about that by Reuters, EPA
spokesman Chris Rice denied the
charge and said standards for
automobile emissions of nitrogen
oxide had been tightened from
standards originally considered by
the White House.
-Require most cities currently
rated "polluted" to achieve healthy
air quality by the year 2000. The bill
would, however, extend the deadline
for at least nine heavily polluted
cities to 2010, Baucus said.
Bush had originally said that all
but the three worst-polluted cities --
Los Angeles, New York, and
Houston -would be subject to the


earlier deadline.
Rice said the standards have not
changed, but that some cities are
polluted worse than had been
thought and therefore eligible for the
later deadline.
--Require reductions in emissions
of two key gases that contribute to
acid rain. Annual sulfur dioxide
emissions would have to be reduced
by nine million tons, while nitrogen
oxide would have to be reduced by
two million tons.
In its advance analysis of the bill,
the Clean Air Coalition said the
reduction levels were inadequate.
-- Require that automakers sell
one million cars each year that burn
alternative, cleaner-burning fuels.
The standard would take effect by
1997. No such requirement now


exists.
Despite his disappointment,
Baucus predicted Congress would
pass a clean-air bill this session.
"The dynamics are different this
year," said Baucus, a senior member
of the Senate Environment
Committee.
He said Congress is no longer
faced with hostility to environmental
laws supposedly harbored by former
president Ronald Reagan's
administration.
In addition, he said, the new
leaders of Congress- House Speaker
Tom Foley, Democrat from
Washington, and Senate Majority
Leader George Mitchell, Democrat
from Maine, --are stronger
environmentalists than their
predecessors.


COILING ROPE -Dusty Goodwin prepares his lobster gear in Boothbay
Harbor, Maine. Goodwin says he hauls about 800 traps during the summer.
Maine lobstermen seem to have peaked out in the number they can harvest,
but they would like to get more lobster. A University of Maine research
project next month may provide some answers. (AP Laserphoto)


Earthly needs may beatman onMarspla


WASHINGTON (Reuter) --
President Bush's grand plan to put an
American on Mars may be
undermined by more earthly
concerns in Congress.
When America put man on the
moon in 1969 it was the world's
biggest creditor nation. Now the
world's biggest debtor with huge
trade and federal budget deficits, it
has pressing health and education
needs competing for scarce
government dollars.
"Today the president took one
giant leap for starry-eyed political
rhetoric, but not even one small step
for fiscal responsibility," Sen. Jim
Sasser, a Tennessee Democrat who
chairs the Senate Budget Committee,
told reporters Thursday.
"We got no specifics from the
president today about the time
frame, no specifics about cost, no
specifics about how we were going to
pay for this costly space program,


and no specifics about what we're
going to have to sacrifice in exchange
for such an ambitious program,"
Sasser said.
Bush, commemorating the 20th
anniversary of the first walk on the
moon, set as America's space goals
for the 21st century the creation of an
orbiting space station, a permanent
U.S. base on the moon, and an
expedition to Mars.
"Our goal is nothing less than to
establish the United States as the pre-
eminent space-faring nation," he
said.
He set no timetable and gave no
budget estimate for his ambitious
new goals but members of the space
lobby say his targets might be met
with a modest timetable and by
convincing Congress that voters
would support a costly revitalization
of the program.
"I think there's a chance the
program can be accomplished," said


John Logsdon, director of the Space
Policy Institute at George
Washington University.
"We all have been complaining
that there has been no presidential
call for a national commitment and
now we've got one," he added in a
telephone interview.
Costly projects, ranging from the
Stealth bomber program through
"Star Wars" space shield defenses to
the rescue plan for the crippled
savings and loan industry, are
pressing on a shrinking public purse.
But Rep. Robert Walker, a
Pennsylvania Republican who is
among the House's most hardline
members on budgetary matters, said
the space program transcended the
budget.
"There is a matter here of national
will," Walker said.
"If we have the will to do as much
now, in terms of investment, as we
did in the 1960s, we can do it."


Commander-in-Chief ............. Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC ................ SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication
Director, Public Affairs ......... Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff ...................... SSgt. Greg Markley is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is
Executive Editor/NCOIC .......... SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information
Managing Editor .......................... Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of
AIC Randy Lawson the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command.
Composing Room .................... Rosemary Chong Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view
S* * Carolyn Coffey of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S.
h I Tropic T im es Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002,
Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.
~ Ch r Pi i e CrlnCffy o h US oenmnteDeatetofDfneorteUS








Tropic Times
July 26, 1989 J


U.S. news


Bush riding high in


WASHINGTON (Reuter) --
George Bush, riding high in the polls
halfway through his first year in
office, is careful not to gloat about
the remarkably smooth ride he has
enjoyed as president.
"There are things that I'd like to
have seen resolved, particularly on
the legislative side," he told reporters
as he flew home from a recent trip to
Europe.
The period since Bush took office
on Jan. 20 shows a few rough spots
although it is seen as an unusually
placid one in Washington politics --
and a soft one for the new president.
On the domestic front, the budget
deficit remains a major headache and
some economists foresee a recession
next year.
Bush's sweeping plan to rescue the
savings and loan industry from
insolvency has yet to win final
congressional approval.
Another early setback was the
rejection of his choice for defense
secretary, John Tower, following
allegations of indiscreet conduct.
Only Thursday, Democrats
boisterously ridiculed Bush's
proposal that U.S. astronauts return
to the moon early in the 21st century
and then head for Mars on a"journey
into tomorrow." The Democrats
called his vision empty rhetoric that
failed to say how America would pay
for this -- and few Republicans came
to his aid on this one.
But such setbacks by and large
have been the exception.
His performances in the
international arena have won
compliments after initial criticism he
was moving too slowly.
"The president has done quite well
and deserves credit," says House
Speaker Thomas Foley, leader of the
Democratic opposition in Congress.
Bush, who currently has a higher
job approval rating than the
enormously popular Ronald Reagan.
had at the same point in his
presidency, seems to have survived
complaints he lacks the imagination
and flair of Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev.
"The spotlight for a long time was
on Gorbachev alone in the center
ring," says political analyst Norman


Ornstein.
"This was the guy changing the
world. Now the spotlight isn't on
Gorbachev alone -- George Bush is
sharing it with him."
Gorbachev's internal headaches -
spreading labor unrest and ethnic
strife - have undoubtedly helped
Bush look good in comparison. But a
larger factor has been his extensive,
much publicized travel.
He has visited 12 countries since
his inauguration, asserted leadership
at the NATO summit in Brussels in
May, and is generally credited with
defusing a nuclear policy dispute
within the Western alliance.
The recent tour of Poland and
Hungary, where he proclaimed a
vision of a "new world" in which the
Iron Curtain dividing Europe would
be torn down, also won some
applause.
"I think he had quite a successful
trip and I congratulate him on it,"
said Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, the
1988 Democratic vice presidential
nominee.
The fate of Bentsen's running mate
--Bush's erstwhile presidential rival,
Michael Dukakis -- neatly
underscores the difference a year can
make in power politics.
One year ago the Massachusetts
governor accepted his party's
nomination in a triumphal personal
climax to its nominating convention.
He held a 17-point lead in opinion
polls, had a united party behind him
and looked about to sweep a
defensive and faltering Bush right off
the field.
Bush routed him in the November
election after a bitter, invective-filled
campaign and Dukakis has since
suffered a sharp political decline and
has announced he will not seek
re-election as governor.
The president's fortunes have
soared. An athletic 65-year-old who
likes rigorous daily schedules and
strenuous physical workouts, he has
shown a sunny, genial style that
clearly has popular appeal.
"Overall, Mr. Bush gives every
indication of knowing what he's
doing and why -- of thinking before
he acts and then acting in a precisely
calibrated ... way that combines a


polls; no
large measure of refreshing
directness with a substantial dollop
of artful indirection," wrote
newspaper columnist Raymond
Price, a former Republican White
House insider and ex-speechwriter
for president Richard Nixon.
But White House aides
acknowledge Bush has yet to face his
first real crisis.
Possible pitfalls for him on the
world scene include Panama, where
Gen. Manuel Noriega keeps power
despite U.S. efforts to oust him, and
Nicaragua, where the administration


ot


gloating

fears the leftist government may
renege on reform commitments.
On the domestic front, the deficit
remains a major problem and some
economists forsee a recession next
year.
"Bush is an extraordinarily active
president when it comes to his
personal style, but as a decision
maker he is extraordinarily reactive,"
said political analyst Ornstein.
"That leaves me uneasy. While you
can't argue with success, if and when
we hit a difficult patch I hope he
won't be skewered by that tendency."


APOLLO 11 CREW - The Apollo 11 Lunar Module pilot Edwin Aldrin
(left), Command Module pilot Michael Collins (center) and commander
NeilArmstrong (right) applaudduring ceremonies atKennedy Space Center
marking the 20th anniversary of man landing on the Moon. (AP
Laserphoto)


United thanks Sioux City residents for response


OMAHA (UPI) -- United Airlines
purchased a full-page advertisement
in Sunday newspapers to thank
Sioux City, Iowa, area residents for
their response to the DC-10 crash at
the Sioux City airport Wednesday
that claimed 110 lives.
In the advertisement that appeared
in The Omaha World-Herald,
Stephen M. Wolf, United chairman
and president, said "in countless
ways you, the people of the
Siouxland area, have freely offered
assistance and compassion to the
passengers and crew and to their
families and loved ones."
"The actions of official agencies as
well as volunteers have been swift
and sure," Wolf said.
"More than 300 National
Guardsmen, for example, helped
search for survivors. Hundreds of
doctors and nurses and other medical
personnel worked around the clock.
More than 600 persons volunteered
to donate blood.
"Local restaurants supplied food
and personnel," he said. "And in so


many other large and small ways,
you have opened your hearts with aid
and compassion.
"In this sad time, even as we
continue the tasks that lie ahead,
your past and ongoing help is dearly
appreciated," he said. "I want you to
know that you have the most
profound gratitude of the people of
United Airlines."
Meanwhile, Iowa Air National
Guardsmen continued to sweep the
crash area for wreckage and
passenger belongings. They were no
longer looking for bodies, all of
which were presumed to have been
recovered, officials said.
National Transportation Safety
Board spokesman Jim Burnett said
Saturday night the search centered
on Alta, which is about 90 miles
north-northeast of Sioux City, and
parts recovered included a tail cone,
two parts of fan blades imbedded in
the left horizontal stabilizer and a
hydraulic line from the area of the
No. 2 engine, It connects to the No. 2
hydraulic pump which he said


established the reason why the
hydraulic system failed at that point.
Burnett said officials interviewed
the first officer, who was not
identified, on the loss of the
hydraulic system. His testimony
seems to confirm the engine problem
caused the hydraulic failure.
"Immediately after the number
two (engine) went gauges showed an
immediate drop in the hydraulic
system," the first officer told
officials.
Burnett said the No. 1 hydraulic
system is still missing a section near
the right horizontal stabilizer so
"rupture (of that system) is not
confirmed."
Burnett said a 12 square mile area
was searched by air and four more
square miles will be searched by air
Sunday. But he said there will not be
any more ground search of the area.
He said 20 crews of the Iowa Air
National Guard and a helicopter
donated by a public service company
helped in the search. He said officials
are also using two aircraft with


infrared photography as well as
satellite information.
Burnett also said officials have
reviewed how much air time the
plane and various aprts have had and
how long they had gone between
maintenance cycles.
He said in past accidents figures on
the age of parts have resulted in
lowering of standards for various
cycles and hours parts can be used.
But he said the parts were all "well
within limits" and there was no
problem because of that.
Burnett, at a Friday night news
conference, described how the pilot
--helped by an off-duty United flight
training instructor -- struggled with
the plane after reporting all hydraulic
systems failed shortly after the No. 2
engine exploded.
And for the first time, Burnett
confirmed there was uncontainedd
engine failure with damage to the
aircraft." Uncontained means engine
parts spewed out of the engine
containment shell when the engine
failed.


I


th








Tropic Times
July 26, 1989


world roundup



U. S. diplomat Bloch suspendedfor spying


WASHINGTON (UPI) --
Colleagues and friends of Felix
Bloch, a senior U.S. diplomat
suspended from his post for
suspected espionage activities,
expressed surprise Saturday over his
alleged dealings with Soviet agents.
In Vienna, Austrian Foreign
Minister Alois Mock said he learned
of the investigation into Bloch's
alleged Soviet contacts three weeks
ago through "Austrian channels,"
the Austrian newspaper Kurier
reported in its early Sunday editions.
Mock said he was "deeply shaken"
by news that his former classmate
had come under official investigation
and stressed that he always was "very
careful" not to divulge secret or
sensitive information to his close
friend.
The foreign minister said it was
"unimaginable" he had unknowingly
passed secrets to the Austrian-born
career diplomat.
Bloch, 54, a 30-year career U.S.
diplomat, allegedly passed a
briefcase to a Soviet contact in
Vienna while the incident was
videotaped by agents who had him
under surveillance, ABC News
reported Friday night.
The network did not say when the
alleged incident took place but


reported that Bloch had his first
known contact with the Soviet Union
three years ago.
State Department sources who
asked not to be identified confirmed
that a compromise of security had
occurred and said Bloch's
identification as a Soviet contact was
a devastating setback for the foreign
service.
The FBI, which is in charge of
counterintelligence operations,
identified Bloch as having
unauthorized contacts with the
Soviet Union, the State Department
said. The department, in confirming
the FBI charges, did not say Bloch
was under arrest.
His whereabouts were not
immediately known.
Bloch, who until 1987 was deputy
chief of the U.S. embassy in Vienna,
was suspended from his duties in the
State Department's bureau of
European affairs because of alleged
unauthorized dealings with Soviet
agents, department officials said.
Mock suggested Bloch may have
been tempted into espionage over his
anger at being overlooked for an
ambassadorship.
"In a long political career some
people cannot resist the temptation"
to spy, Mock said, describing his


longtime friend as an "overambitious
career diplomat who had suffered
under politically appointed
ambassadors and never himself
became ambassador."
In New York, mayoral candidate
Ronald Lauder, who became
ambassador to Austria in April 1986,
said he sent Bloch home July 1987
because of insubordination but
added that he never suspected the
diplomat of spying.
Bloch, who had served several
ambassadors before Lauder, had
served as charge d'affaires for six
years in the Austrian embassy.
"He had been promoted to the
number two slot (deputy chief of
mission) prior to my arrival," Lauder
told reporters outside a restaurant
where he was meeting with Irish-
American community leaders.
"I grew increasingly dissatisfied
with Mr. Bloch's performance,"
Lauder said.
Lauder accused Bloch of "going
around" him and directly contacting
the Austrian foreign ministry.
"I thought he was a poor member
of the staff, so I got rid of him. If I
thought he was a spy, I would have
had him arrested," Lauder said.
Lauder said, however, that he was
surprised by the investigation of


Bloch and didn't know anything
about it until last night. He said he
had not been contacted by the FBI
but has talked to the State
Department and agreed to keep
those conversations confidential.
"I had no indication he was
involved with spying," Lauder said in
noting that Bloch has not been
charged with spying.
The investigation took colleagues
and friends in Vienna by surprise.
"He's the last person you would
suspect of spying for the Soviet
Union," one source in Vienna said.
"This is a shock not so much much
because he could have been involved,
but because it was someone you got
along with well."
One diplomatic source in Vienna
called Bloch "a very serious, very
professional man."
"You would go through the fire for
him," he said.
Bloch was born in Vienna, joined
the State Department in 1958 and
served in his home town several times
as well as in Berlin. He speaks fluent
English and German and a
smattering of French.
Bloch is married with children. His
wife Lucille is the secretary general of
the Austrian Foundation in New
York.


Austrian diplomat says he never gave 'secrets'to Bloch


VIENNA (UPI) -- Austria's
foreign minister said Saturday he
never divulged secrets to Felix Bloch,
a U.S. envoy suspected of spying in
Vienna for the Soviet Union, but
added some diplomats "cannot resist
the temptation" to spy.
Foreign Minister Alois Mock said
he was "deeply shaken" by news that
Felix Bloch, a onetime classmate at
Johns Hopkins University's Bologne
center in Italy and close friend of 30
years, had come under official
investigation.
Bloch, 54, who until 1987 was
deputy chief of the U.S. embassy in
Vienna, was suspended from his
duties in the State Department's
bureau of European affairs because
of alleged unauthorized dealings
with Soviet agents, department
officials said.
The foreign minister said he
learned three weeks ago through
"Austrian channels" that Bloch was
under suspicion of espionage, the
Austrian newspaper Kurier reported
in its early Sunday editions.
Mock stressed that he always was
"very careful" not to divulge secret or
sensitive information to Bloch, and
said it was "unimaginable" he had
unknowingly passed secrets to the
Austrian-born career diplomat.
But Mock said diplomats face
strong forces to betray their
countries and suggested Bloch may
have been angry at being overlooked
for an ambassadorship.
"In a long political career some
people cannot resist the temptation"
to spy, Mock said, describing his
longtime friend as an "overambitious
career diplomat who had suffered
under politically appointed
ambassadors and never himself
became ambassador."
The espionage investigation also
raised questions about the semi-
official Austrian-American
Foundation in Washington, where
Bloch's wife, Lucille, is secretary
general.


Mrs. Bloch "knew nothing of the
affair," Mock said, but added that a
decision will be made as soon as
possible on her continuing leadership
of the Austrian-funded foundation.
Mock cited "personal reasons" for
his cancellation Friday of plans to
visit President Bush in Washington.
News of the espionage invest-
igation came as a surprise to other
colleagues and friends of Bloch in
Vienna.
"He's the last person you would


suspect of spying for the Soviet
Union," one source in Vienna said.
"This is a shock not so much because
he could have been involved, but
because it was someone you got
along with well."
One diplomatic source in Vienna
called Bloch "a very serious, very
professional man."
"You would go through the fire for
him," he said.
A self-effacing man who inspired
hard work in his associates, Bloch


was characterized by those who
know him as a colorless, somewhat
unimaginative bureaucrat who was
easy to get along with - a family
man with no apparent financial
problems or personal ticks such as
alcoholism or womanizing that
might have made him vulnerable to
foreign agents.
"On the surface, anyway, (he was)
not a prime spy candidate," one
associate said.


93,000 miners continue to strike in USSR


MOSCOW (UPI) -- Thousands of government offer a day after
striking Ukrainian miners rejected Siberian colliers at the opposite end
official concessions Saturday and of the country accepted concessions
shut down all 121 mines in the coal and ended an 11-day stoppage
heartland despite a new appeal from Friday.
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, At least 93,000 Ukrainian miners
who said economic losses have stayed out for a sixth day in a strike
reached a "critical point." costing $8 million a day in lost
The Ukrainian miners rejected the production in the Ukraine's Donbass
S ' *1 - s-
_ _ .


, n a w � � . .


Victor Yefanov, chairman of the Novokuznetsk city executive committee,
speaks July 17 to townspeople in the central square of Prokopyevsk in the
Kunetsk Coal Basin of western Siberia, 2,100 miles east of Moscow. Senior
officials flew to Siberia and met with coal miners in an effort to end the Soviet
Union's biggest strike, which is spreading to the main coalfields and threatens
to cripple industry. (AP Laserphoto)


region. The Donbass is the leading
coal-producing area, accounting for
one-fourth of all coal mined in the
Soviet Union - the world's largest
producer.
A 17-point accord reached with
the Siberian miners covers miners
nationwide and includes higher pay,
independence from the Coal
Ministry and chips away at decades
of total control exercised by about 50
industrial ministries in the centrally
planned economy.
But the Donbass miners say their
unique regional conditions have to
be taken into account in any
settlement. For example, some of the
mines are 200 years old compared to
the relatively newer Kuzbass coal-
mining region, where mines are only
50 years old.
The Soviet coal strikes have raised
fears of energy shortages in Europe
this fall and consequently. heating oil
prices have been rising on the New
York Mercantile Exchange.
"On behalf of the Supreme Soviet
of the U.S.S.R., and the government
of the U.S.S.R., we again appeal to
the miners of the Donbass to return
to work," Gorbachev said in a
telegram to strikers, according to the
official Tass news agency.
The appeal, also signed by Prime
Minister Nikolai Ryzhkov, promised
striker demands could be aired in the
Supreme Soviet legislature.


01k- f








Tropic Times
July 26, 1989 5


hemisphereI



Bush to attend Latin summit in San Jose


WASHINGTON (UPI) --
President Bush will attend a
hemispheric summit celebrating
democracy this fall in Costa Rica at
which Nicaraguan President Daniel
Ortega may also participate, the
White House announced Friday.
Spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said
Bush had accepted the invitation
from Costa Rican President Oscar
Arias Thursday to attend the
centennial celebration of democracy
in San Jose, Costa Rica, Oct. 27-28.
But though Ortega, who heads the
ruling Sandinista regime in
Nicaragua, was invited "and may
attend," the White House said later
that neither Cuban leader Fidel
Castro nor Panama's de facto ruler
Manuel Noriega would be
"appropriate attendees."
Costa Rica is bordered, by
Nicaragua to the north and Panama
to the southeast.
"Since this is a celebration of
democracy we understand that
neither Castro nor representatives of
General Noriega will be appropriate
attendees," a White House statement


said. "We remain hopeful that by
Oct. 27, a freely elected democratic
government may have been returned
to power in Panama."
Bush, however, will not meet with
Ortega, although U.S. officials will
attend meetings that include
Sandinista representatives. "The
U.S. policy regarding high level
contact with Nicaragua is
unchanged," the White House said.
"We will participate in multilateral
meetings with representatives of the
Sandinista regime but have no plans
to meet with them bilaterally."
The United States and Nicaragua
maintain diplomatic relations, but
not at the ambassadorial level. The
U.S. government has long supported
the Contra rebels in the country but
now is only supplying $60 million in
humanitarian aid that runs out in
February and has to be reviewed in
November to see that the Sandinistas
are keeping their promise to prepare
for free elections in February.
The invitation was extended to
Bush in connection with Costa Rica's
centennial celebration of democracy.
Fitzwater said Bush told Arias, a


1987 Nobel Peace Prize winner for
his efforts to craft peace in Central
America, "There is no better place to
have this meeting."
The White House said "the
principal subject for discussion will
be ways to foster democracy in the
hemisphere," though Arias had
suggested that drugs, debt,
development, deforestation and
disarmament also be brought up.
Bush last traveled to Costa Rica as
vice president on May 8, 1986, for
Arias's inauguration. President
Reagan also visited in December
1982.
The summit trip would be Bush's
fifth excursion out of the country
since he took office in January. He
returned this week from a 10-day
journey to Eastern and Western
Europe, and previously has made
trips to Canada and to the Far East.
The summit will mark 100 years of
democracy for Costa Ricans, who
consider that, theirs began in 1889
when the first truly free elections
were held. Since the 1948 civil war
toppled a pro-communist
government, Costa Rica has been a


Mexico makes landmark debt deal


MEXICO CITY (Reuter) --
Mexico and its creditor banks
Sunday reached a milestone
agreement marking the first
application of U.S. Treasury
Secretary Nicholas Brady's debt
initiative.
The agreement is less than Mexico
was originally seeking but is the first
time international banks have
accepted debt reduction as an
integral element of rescheduling
negotiations with Third World
countries.
"Mexico can now leave the crisis
behind, this is a great moment for
Mexicans," President Carlos Salinas
de Gortari said in a televised address.
After just over three months of
often difficult negotiations, the two
sides agreed a three-option package
including a 35 percent reduction on
$53 billion of medium and long-term
commercial bank debt.
This is not as high as the 55 percent
originally sought by Mexico but is
significantly higher than the 15
percent first offered by its 15-bank
advisory committee.
In Washington, Brady said
Monday that the United States
would help arrange interim financing
of up to $2 billion to aid the Mexican
economy until the debt agreement is
put into effect.
Welcoming the multi-year
financing package to reduce
Mexico's commercial debt, Brady
said it represented "a major step
forward in the implementation of the
strengthened debt strategy."
The agreement also involves fixing
a flat interest rate equivalent to a 40
percent saving on current market
rates, Salinas said, as well as an
option for new lending.
Salinas said the accord will allow
Mexico to revive much-needed
economic growth by reducing net
transfers of capital abroad, currently
exceeding six percent of gross
domestic product. He warned,
however, against over-optimism and
said considerable sacrifices remain
necessary.
President Bush had hoped to go to
the Group of Seven summit in Paris
10 days ago with the first tangible


proof the Brady plan was working,
but last-minute difficulties over
conditions set by banks delayed tbe
Mexican accord.
The banks wanted Mexico to
accept so-called step-up and
recapture clauses, whereby it would
pay more interest and give back some
of the discounted debt principal once
its economy recovered.
Mexican sources said these
problems were overcome after some
intense negotiations over the
weekend.
The Mexican finance ministry said
in a statement that Mexico would
pay back more in debt service
starting July 1996 if oil income
exceeded a certain level. It would
also receive more loans if this income
dropped, the ministry added,
without specifying the oil income
trigger level.
Salinas said the negotiations were
difficult and tense at times.
"This is the culmination of one of
the most difficult, complex and tense
negotiations in Mexico's history and
that of the international financial
community," he said.
He said it is the largest debt
reduction ever granted by banks and
should help other debtors with
similar problems to Mexico's.
"With Mexico becoming the first
country to reach a satisfactory
solution to its debt, the way is opened
to other nations to follow a similar
path," he said.
The agreement in principle, which
still has to be accepted formally by
Mexico's 450 bank creditors, is the
fourth public sector debt negotiation
reached by Mexico since August
1982 when the country nearly
defaulted.
Though several European banks
were reluctant to offer a discount of
even 30 percent, American banks led
by Citicorp chairman John Reed
succeeded in convincing the rest to go
along with the deal.
Even though European banks
have in many cases set aside much
larger reserves against loan losses
than U.S. institutions, the Europeans
dug in their heels against deepening
the discount.


Mexico argued that it needed a
heavy discount on its debt
obligations in order to restore
growth after virtual stagnation
throughout the 1980s. Its goal was to
reduce the net flow of capital abroad
to two percent of gross domestic
production from more than six
percent at present.
The government news agency
Notimex reported the United States
has agreed a $2 billion bridge loan
over six months to tide Mexico over
until all its creditor banks formally
accept the deal, as confirmed in
Washington by Brady.
Mexico's last debt accord, signed
in March 1987, rescheduled $43.7
billion of bank debt over 20 years
with an interest margin of 13/16
percent over London Interbank
Offered Rates (Libor).
That agreement included
contingency arrangements whereby
Mexico could borrow more from its
banks and the IMF if oil prices were
to fall below nine dollars a barrel or if
growth failed to meet targets. In the
event, the Mexican economy
improved and the government did
not borrow the full amount from
banks.
In a statement issued in New York,
Citibank, a unit of Citicorp, said the
financing package agreed Sunday
will offer each creditor bank a range
of options to support Mexico,
including principal reduction,
interest reduction and new money
options. Each creditor bank would
be asked to choose one or more of the
options.
Under the principal reduction and
interest-reduction options, "creditor
banks could exchange their medium
and long-term loans for 30-year
bonds to be issued by the government
of Mexico.
Principal-reduction bonds would
be issued in exchange for existing
loans at a discount of 35 percent,
with a floating interest rate of Libor
plus 13/16 percent, the statement
said.
The interest-reduction bonds,
which would be issued in exchange
for existing loans at par, would bear
interest at a fixed rate of 6.25 percent.


strongly democratic, peaceful and
largely middle-class nation that calls
itself the "Switzerland of Central
America."

C. Rica denies"

helping Contras

to invade RP
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica
(Reuter) - Costa Rica denied
Sunday harboring former
Nicaraguan Contra rebels who, a
newspaper said, were preparing
U.S.-backed military action to
oust Panama's military leader
Manuel Antonio Noriega.
"Daily inspections in the south
of the country (on the border with
Panama) are being carried out
and there are no such camps," a
Security Ministry spoke4main
said.
He was commenting on reports
in The Times of London that more
than 1,000 former Contras were
being armed at two clandestine
camps in southern Costa Rici.
The newspaper said the group had
infiltrated -into Panama to await
orders to launch military action
allegedly planned by the CIA to
topple Noriega.
The spokesman said Costa Rica
was neutral in the' Nicaraguan
conflict and that President Oscar
Arias had no intention to meddle
in the internal affairs of other
Central American nations.
A few weeks ago Panama said
the Contras were grouping at
Puerto Golfito, 60 miles from
Panama's border, but Costa
Rican Security Minister Hernan
Garron denied this.

Colombia wages

tough drug war,

U.S. official says
BOGOTA, Colombia (Reuter)
-- A State Department official
said in an interview published
Sunday that Colombia's anti-drug
campaign would make the
country unsafe for traffickers.
Melvyn Levitsky, U.S. assistant
secretary of state for international
narcotics, told Colombia's
biggest-selling newspaper El
Tiempo that certain guerrilla
groups were protecting the lives of
traffickers.
"Nevertheless, owing to the
battle that the armed forces and
the police have unleashed, I don't
think Colombia will be a secure
country for drug traffickers; he
was quoted assaying.
"The important things that
narcotics trafficlersn notfin a
secure place inahy .
world." ' 0 0".::.+
Presdsteiit
reported tio .
:spqaerg

c-.a+.++ +-+.








Tropic Times
July 26, 1989


- -' . --


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Family members are transported by a landing craft mi


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*.*


; - , , , '. r" - .
Soldier o 1st Bato , 6 Inf\an. y 5'th ^inaraeBr


Soldiers of 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry, 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized), cross the Bridge of the A mericas in armored
personnel carriers. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Steve Finley)


U.S. tests evacuation skills


by SFC Cecil Stack

FORT CLAYTON (USARSO
PAO) - Seventy-four armored
personnel carriers and support
vehicles kicked up dust as they
roared out of Camp Roadrunner
Friday morning. Several minutes
later the Bridge of Americas shook as
they crossed the bridge. The APCs
belonged to the 1/61 Infantry
Battalion, 5th Infantry Division
(Mechanized).
In Balboa, about 18 APCs left the
column and headed to Fort Amador
to bolster security, while the
remaining force continued to
Albrook AFS to enhance security.
However, the major thrust of the
excerise was at Fort Amador.
The movement was part of Purple
Storm 22, a non-combatant
evacuation operation designed to
show U.S. military families the
United States' commitment and
ability to protect U.S. life and
property if necessary.
The exercise, which involved
about 600 troops, also tested troop
readiness and showed U.S. resolve in
enforcing U.S. forces treaty rights.
"We will evacuate Army family
members from Fort Amador to Fort
Clayton by armored personnel
carrier, landing crafts (LCM-8)
provided by the 1097th Transporta-
tion Company and CH-47 Chinook
helicopters provided by the 1/228th
Aviation Battalion," said Capt.
Christopher Collins, the 193rd
Infantry Brigade's assistant
operations and training officer.
Family members weren't surprised
when soldiers in HMMWVs began
broadcasting that those who wished
to participate in the excerise should


assemble at the Fort Amador
Officers' Club. The family members
were notified the day before about
the exercise. As the early morning
rain turned to a drizzle, family
members began walking to the club.
"It makes me feel good that they
are doing something like this," said
CWO2 Barbara Lambert of the
1/228th Aviation Battalion. "It's
good that they are practicing to see
where the trouble spots are. As a
result of the exercise, they will know
what procedures to improve."
Lambert and her 10-year-old son
were evacuated by helicopter.
Other evacuees felt the excerise
was also a good learning experience.
"I wanted to know about how
much luggage to carry, if we could
take pets and my car," said Amador
resident Rosanne Gander. Several of
Gander's neighbors standing nearby
had many of the same questions.
Family members weren't the only
persons learning. One soldier said as
a result of the operation, he knew
"more what to expect if this
happened for real."
At the officers' club, family
members were asked what kind of
transportation they wanted for the
trip to Fort Clayton. Their mode of
travel determined their briefing.
However, at each briefing they were
manifested, told how they would
board their transportation and given
safety instructions. They were also
told what to expect at Fort Clayton.
One hundred twelve family members
were briefed and taken to Fort
Clayton.
Not everyone was happy with their
transportation. "I'm riding in a tank
(APC), but I really wanted to ride in a
helicopter," said six-year-old Alex


Gander. Alex's mom said they missed
the helicopter by about 60 seconds.
Alex didn't seem too upset because
his mother kept reassuring him that
the APC was "the best."
As the volunteers were being
processed and evacuated, Navy
patrol boats, Air Force jets and
Army Cobra gunships provided
security. Infantry soldiers and Army
Military Police had setup security in
and around the club.
In any operation something can go
awry and this exercise was no
different. As the volunteers were
preparing to board the helicopters,
one helicopter broke down. But the
incident turned into an excellent
training tool.
Within minutes of notification, the
Ready Reactionary Platoon of the
5th Battalion, 87th Infantry was
performing another mission. The
platoon crested a golf course hill in
front of the helicopter at a full run
and began securing the area. The
passengers and infantry then waited
for the other Chinook to return.
After it returned and picked up its
passengers, the soldiers left. They
had successfully completed an
unexpected mission.
At Fort Clayton, the family
members viewed a video presentation
which explained what to do in real
evacuation. Following the
presentation, the 5/ 87th provided the
participants lunch. After lunch the
Amador residents were bused back
home. At the end of the excerise, the
mechanized infantry returned to
Camp Roadrunner.
For us, the exercise was great,"
said family member Pat Colbert,
"and really important."


Residents of Fort Amador go through necessary process
photo by Sgt. Thomas Ortiz, Jr.)


. ~...








Voluntary family members from Fort A mador decend tJ
PFC A. Scott Lawrence)







Tropic Times
July 26, 1989


ium to Diablo Heights. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Steve Finley)


A soldier of 1/193rd Infantry Brigade helps a young girl down rugged rocks before boarding a landing craft
medium. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Steve Finley)


ng before being evacuated during the July 21 exercise. (U.S. Army


A 1/61 Infantry Battalion armored personnel carrier on station outside the Fort Amador Officers' Club
watches a ship head for the Milaflores Locks. (U.S. Army photo by SFC Cecil Stack)


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r..


5� '

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�'*


! gangplank at Jarman Field, Fort Clayton. (U.S. Army photo by


A cobra gunship flies security as volunteers run to board a CH-47 Chinook helicopter. (U.S. A rmyphoto by
SFC Cecil Stack)


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iii








STropic Times
July 26, 1989


AskDr L m


HEALTH & NUTRITION

by Judith Sheldon


Blood Clots &
Heart Attacks
by Dr. Lawrence E. Lamb., M.D.

DEAR DR. LAMB: Three
months ago, I developed a clot in
my leg. I recovered very well and
have no swelling or other prob-
lems. The doctor said the danger
was that a clot would go to my
lungs. I know this happens, but
why does it go to the lungs
instead of the brain to cause a
stroke? Isn't a stroke caused by a
blood clot in the brain? Can it
cause a heart attack? I under-
stand that heart attacks are
caused by a blood clot.
DEAR READER: Blood clots are a
major factor in a number of illnes-
ses. It is true that the final event that
causes a heart attack is usually the
formation of a clot over the area
where there are fatty-cholesterol
deposits. That is one of the factors
that makes heart disease so unpre-
dictable. You can have open coron-
ary arteries and all your tests -
including exercise tests - can be
normal, and a clot can form later,
causing a sudden blockage of an
artery. That is why the use of one
aspirin every other day decreased
the number of heart attacks by half
in a recent study.
A clot may also form over a
fatty-cholesterol deposit in an artery
in the brain and cause a stroke. A
clot in a leg vein can break loose and
be carried by your circulation
through your right heart to the lungs.
It lodges there because it can't get
through the small blood vessels to
return to the heart. That keeps these
clots from getting into your arterial
circulation to go to your brain or


ASK Ur. LamIE

your heart. A blood clot to the lungs
is called a pulmonary embolus and it
is very dangerous. It can be fatal.
A clot can form inside your heart
after a heart attack and break loose.
It can go to the brain, causing a
stroke. Clots can also form on an
artificial heart valye. Clots are
dangerous, but if your blood didn't
clot properly, you would bleed to
death. To give you more informa-
tion, I'm sending you THE HEALTH
LETTER WS30-10, About Blood Clots.
Others who want this issue can send
$1 with a long, stamped, self-
addressed envelope for it to THE
HEALTH LETTER/WS30-10, P.O.
Box 19622, Irvine, Calif. 92713.
The therapeutic challenge to the
doctor is to treat you properly to
prevent dangerous clots without
significantly increasing the danger
of bleeding.
� 1989 North America Synd.
All Rights Reserved


Lyme Disease
Threat Grows
by Judith Sheldon

LYME DISEASE THREAT
GROWS: Lyme Disease is now the
most infectious new disease second
only to AIDS, and its spread may
even threaten our blood supplies. A
new book, "Protect Yourself From
Lyme Disease - The New York
Medical College Guide to Preven-
tion, Diagnosis, and Treatment," by
award-winning medical writer,
Diana Benzaia, shows how to pre-
vent infection as well as deal with
the disease if it occurs. The book is
for everyone, especially those who
still think Lyme disease doesn't
threaten them.
PLASTIC SURGERY UPDATE:
The noted New York plastic sur-
geon, Dr. Howard T. Bellin, answers
the following three questions from
our readers:
Question: If I want to look like
Cybill Shepherd, can a plastic sur-
geon do that for me?
Dr. Bellin: No. You can't be made
to look like anyone else (because)
there are basic characteristics of
faces that are absolutely fixed, such
as the width of the mouth or the
distance between the eyes. Without
major bone surgery - which no one
would do - these characteristics
cannot be changed. Even in the
witness protection programs where
plastic surgery is done and the nose
is changed, or the lips made thicker,
(etc.) the person is still recognizable.
What a plastic surgeon can do. is
improve a person's looks.


Question: Can Retin A replace
plastic surgery for wrinkles?
Dr. Bellin: Retin A isn't for
everyone, but for those for whom it
works, it removes fine facial lines
basically by peeling away outer
layers of the skin down to the level
of the wrinkle so it no longer looks
like a wrinkle. If you stop using it,
the wrinkles return. Plastic surgery,
with some exceptions, does not
remove fine lines or wrinkles; rather,
it removes excess hanging and
sagging skin. Retin A has no effect
on that whatsoever.
Question: Is there a difference
between silicone and collagen injec-
tions?
Dr. Bellin: Silicone injections are
not approved by the Food and Drug
Administration and no reputable
doctor will inject silicone these days
... This (material) can migrate from
the injection site and is almost
impossible to remove. (Note: Not to
be confused with silicone implants
considered safe for use by doctors.)
Doctors do use collagen injections
to fill out fine lines and wrinkles.
Collagen is a purified protein of the
same structural protein as found in
skin. It's not rejected because the
protein is denatured so that it's not
recognized as a foreign substance.
(We'll have more answers from
Dr. Bellin in upcoming columns.
Meanwhile, continue to send ques-
tions and comments to me c/o King
Features Weekly Service, 235 East
45th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017.)
SMART SNACKING: Unbut-
tered popcorn is only 108 calories
for two cups - and it's a great fiber
food as well.


by Philomena Corradeno



CUMIN ORANGE GLAZED SPARERIBS
4 pounds pork spareribs
Salt and Pepper
Cumin Orange Glaze
Cut ribs into serving pieces. Sprinkle both sides with salt and pepper.
Place on rack in shallow roast pan. Cover loosely with aluminum foil. Bake
in preheated 400F. oven one hour or until almost done. Pour off excess fat.
Brush Cumin Orange Glaze (recipe follows) on ribs; continue baking 20
minutes or until throughly cooked.
- m- ';C--t -


TO GRILL: After oven-baking until almost cooked, remove ribs from
roast pan, brush ribs with Cumin Orange Glaze. Place ribs on grill over hot
coals. Cook 20 minutes or until ribs are thoroughly cooked, brushing with
glaze as needed. Makes four to six servings.
CUMIN ORANGE GLAZE
1 cup orange marmalade
1 tablespoon ground cumin
4 teaspoons garlic powder
11/2 teaspoons salt
'/4 cup cider vinegar
In small saucepan, place marmalade. Stir over low heat until melted. Add
cumin, garlic powder, salt and vinegar. Stir over low heat for three minutes;
remove from heat. Use a brush-on sauce for spareribs during the last 20
minutes of baking or grilling. Makes about 1/2 cups.


1990 IS A CLEAN SWEEP FOR
CBS SPORTS
Neal Plson, President, CBS
Sports, called 1990 "The Dream
Season," noting that "virtually every
major sports event on American
television will be seen and enjoyed
on CBS stations."
The acquisition of major league
baseball to join the other major
sports events on the network sche-
dule plus the 1992 Winter Olympics
at Albertville, France "is an exciting
and fulfilling reaffirmation of our
network-affiliate partnership."
In 1990, he pointed out, the World
Series, both League Championship
Series, and the All-Star Game will
move to CBS, joining "dramatic,
visual and enduring sports proper-
ties" like the National Football
League and the Super Bowl, the
National Basketball Association, the
NCAA Basketball Championship,
college football, The Masters and
PGA Tour golf, the US. Open Tennis
Championships, the World Figure
Skating Championships and the
Daytona 500.
Veteran broadcasters Brent Mus-
burger and Tim McCarver will
form the lead announcer team for
CBS Sport's broadcasts of major
league baseball beginning in 1990
according to Pilson.
Musburger has been a member of
the CBS Sports team since 1975
when he was named host for "The
NFL Today." McCarver will join CBS
Sports in December after serving
since 1984 as analyst for major
league baseball broadcasts for ABC
Sports.
"When we acquired baseball, it
was our plan to pair Brent and Tim
as our lead announcer team," said
Pilson. "There isn't a better profes-
sional in sports broadcasting than
Brent. His work on the CBS Radio
'Baseball Game of the Week' is
widely recognized.
"Tim McCarver is the pre-eminent
baseball analyst and sets the stan-


dard for coverage of major league
baseball. We sought the most recog-
nized person in the marketplace, and
there isn't any doubt that person is
Tim."
Musburger and McCarver are
certainly familiar with each other. In
fact, their careers crossed in the
Midwest League during the summer
of 1959.
"I can't tell you the exact dates,
but I know we worked several
games where I was the home plate
umpire and Tim was the catcher for
Keokuk," Musburger recalls. While
Brent had a brief career as a minor
league umpire, McCarver went on to
catch for four decades in the major
leagues. McCarver is the only
catcher in the history of major
league baseball to accomplish this
feat.
When the 1989 National Football
League season begins in September,
Musburger will anchor the Emmy
Award winning The NFL Today" for
the 15th consecutive season. Since
joining CBS Sports, Musburger has
also anchored "CBS Sports/Sunday,"
the late-night US. Open highlights,
tennis broadcasts, the N.BA. Finals,
the Masters Tournament and the
Pan American Games. He also
serves as a play-by-play announcer
for college football and basketball
and NBA Playoffs.
In addition to his ABC duties,
McCarver is a regular commentator
for WWOR-TV telecasts on New
York Mets baseball. This is the
seventh year he has served in that
capacity.
McCarver, born in Memphis,
Tenn., signed out of high school in
1959 with the St. Louis Cardinals. He
played 12 seasons in St. Louis before
moving to Philadelphia, Montreal
and Boston. While McCarver was
playing in St. Louis for the Cards, the
team won the World Series in 1964
and 1967.
( 1989 by King Features Svnd.


I


I T h e S ulli v a n S h e et -







Tropic Times
July 26, 1989 7


lifestyle


Book of quotes

offers homespun

sagacity, 1,900

gems of wisdom
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -
Two authors journeyed into the
vast wasteland of television and
returned with 1,900 gems of
wisdom. There's a little horse
sense from Mr. Ed, and leave it to
Beaver to add homespun sagacity.
Words to live by from the boob
tube?
"It's true, you just have to
search for them," said Jack
Mingo, who with John Javna
wrote "Primetime Proverbs: The
Book of TV Quotes," published
Friday by Harmony Books of New
York. "No one's ever looked to
television for wisdom, but 100
million people can't be wrong."
The cherished quotes, which the
authors say already have become
folklore, came from the mouths of
Maxwell Smart, Fred Flintstone,
Gilligan and the Skipper, too.
Among the adages, preserved
for literary posterity under 231
topics, are Archie Bunker's
summation of the Divine: "God
don't make no mistakes. That's
how he got to be God."
Angel Martin of"The Rockford
Files": "You can't make one thin
dime giving people what they
need. You've got to give 'em what
they want."
Mork: "One man's ceiling is
another man's floor."
Ted Baxter of "The Mary Tyler
Moore Show": "You know what
makes this country great? You
don't have to be witty or clever, as
long as you can hire someone who
is."
Whitey of "Leave It to Beaver":
"You don't need any brains to
grow up; it just happens to ya."
There are even sayings from
four commercials, which are
seemingly already heard often
enough on the tube itself.
Those include one by Head and
Shoulders shampoo, "You never
get a second chance to make a first
impression," and another by the
National Enquirer, "Enquiring
minds want to know."
Research for the book involved
hundreds of hours of TV viewing
by the two San Francisco Bay area
writers. They also used 112
volunteer viewers, including Jim
Davidson from the National
Association for the Advancement
of Perry Mason, a fan club.
"The generation that grew up
with TV in the '50s and '60s is at
the point it has a lot of disposable
income and that's why there's a lot
of TV nostalgia coming out on the
market, like this book," said
Davidson, who also publishes a
monthly listing of TV shows from
the '50s.
Mingo said television doesn't
deserve its reputation as an "idiot
box."
"It's always been considered a
declasse thing to watch a lot of TV,
so people are reluctant to admit
they get anything good from any
of it other than by watching a few
hours of public television," he
said. "But we found many things
of the sort you'd find from
philosophers, and that you don't
expect to see in the mass media."


Montero's new design to boost sales


DETROIT (UPI) - Two more
doors and two more cylinders are
added this year to the Montero, a
full-sized sport utility vehicle
imported by Japanese carmaker
Mitsubishi.
The four-door Montero V6 enters
a rapidly growing field of sport utility
vehicles that have become immensely
popular among would-be car buyers
as their primary mode of
transportation.
The latest glimpse shows the
Montero's competition to include
newer imported sport utility vehicles
from Toyota and Isuzu, now offered
with four doors to take advantage of
the recent U.S. customs ruling
exempting them from the stiff tariffs
levied on two-door versions.
This field also includes some hardy
perennials like the Chevrolet
Suburban, Jeep Cherokee and Grand
Wagoneer, which have been around
for nearly 20 years. Even the pricey
Range Rover, a British built four-
wheel-driver reincarnated as a status
symbol in recent years, is included.
That makes the pack range in price
from a low of about $17,000 to nearly
$40,000.
Its fuel tank has also been
expanded to 24.3 gallons, giving the
Montero V6 a cruising range of over
400 miles. Its overall EPA rating of
about 17 mpg when equipped with
the automatic sounds low, but is in
fact higher than many vehicles in its
class.
A Montero LS evaluated for this
review cost $19,992, including a $285
destination fee, which may vary
according to region. Air conditioning
($810) and alloy wheels ($464) were
the only options added.
The Montero's dashboard has a
utilitarian, modular design, mostly

Quotable quotes

from some of TVs

famous people
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -
Following are excerpts from
"Primetime Proverbs: The Book of
TV Quotes."
"If women dressed for men, the
stores wouldn't sell much. Just an
occasional sun visor." - Groucho
Marx, "You Bet Your Life."
"There is nothing quite so good as
a burial at sea. It is simple, tidy, and
not very incriminating." - Alfred
Hitchcock, "Alfred Hitchcock
Presents."
"A cardinal rule of politics: Never
get caught in bed with a live man or a
dead woman." - J.R. Ewing,
"Dallas."
"When you want something done,
go to the busy man. He's the one
wholl find time to do it." - Jim
Anderson, "Father Knows Best."
"Love's the only thing in life you've
got to earn. Everything else you can
steal." - Pappy Maverick,
"Maverick."
"Just remember: things are always
darkest just before they go pitch
black." - Kelly Robinson, "I Spy."
"Artists are always ready to
sacrifice for art, if the price is right."
- Gomez Addams, "The Addams
Family."
"All faith must have a little doubt
mixed in. Otherwise it's just flabby
sentimentality." - Dr. Loveless,
"The Wild, Wild West." "Just keep
laughing" ' - Bozo, "Bozo's Circus."


molded in hard plastic. But it
contains a full array of dial gauges,
including an inclinometer. This
gauge, which looks like a giant
eyeball peering from the center of the
dash, measures the vehicle's angle
during off-road maneuvering.
Controls for the lights, wipers and
speed control are directly at hand,
mounted on steering column stalks.
But the stereo and ventilation
controls are nestled near the gear
lever and a far reach. A large grab
handle is reassuringly placed on the
passenger's side of the dash.
There is ample leg room and miles
of head room both front and rear.
The rear seat folds flat, and cargo
space in the 4-door version is
increased by more than half to 94.9
cubic fees if the seat is removed.
The 4-door Montero, powered by
a 3.0 liter V6 engine that generates
143 horsepower at 5,000 rpm, is
indicative of the way such sport
utility vehicles are being ordered
nowadays.
Starting at $17,099, nearly every
amenity is standard: fully carpeted
interior, cloth seats, full
instrumentation, AM-FM stereo
cassette, adjustable steering wheel,
tinted glass, rear defroster, and
power steering and brakes.
Also standard is part-time four-
wheel-drive with automatically
locking front hubs. Even an
adjustable air suspension system
under the driver's seat is included,
similar to those used to cushion
,drivers of large tractor trailers.
At $18,389, the Montero LS adds a
4-speed automatic transmission with
electronic overdrive, as well as cruise
control, power windows and power
door locks.
All 4-door Montero and Montero
LS models ride a 106.1-inch


wheelbase, 13.6 inches longer than
the two-door models. Overall length
up by 28 inches to 183.1. Curb weight
is at least 360 pounds more -ranging
to 3,836 for the LS version.
On the highway, the Montero LS
has a surprisingly plush ride that is
well insulated from the road. Its
massive P235/75R radials on 15-inch
rims soak up the potholes. But its tall
and boxy profile is naturally
susceptible to crosswinds.
The Montero's new V6 is engine is
smooth and silent, with an ample
power reserve for passing, even when
fully loaded for a weekend camping
trip. Owner access to typically
serviced parts like filters, belts and
plugs is very good. Its power
disc/drum brakes remained free
from fade and well balanced even
after repeated hard stops.
Sandy and rocky terrain proved no
problem for the Montero, which
climbed steep inclines with ease and
came back down with the
surefootedness of a mountain goat.
The only drawback seemed to be the
need for a smaller turning radius to
aid in tight maneuvering.
Shifting into low gear for off-road
driving is done without having to get
out and lock the front hubs, like on
some other 4x4 vehicles.
Each Montero is covered by a 36
month/36,000 mile comprehensive
warranty and a 36 month/50,000
mile engine warranty. Mitsubishi
hopes to sell about 14,700 Monteros
this year through its network of
nearly 400 U.S. dealers.
The majority of sales are expected
to be the Montero LS 4-door models
similar to the one evaluated. It
should be seriously considered by
buyers contemplating this type of
vehicle.


Downey dies in ratings


SECAUCUS, N.J (AP) -
Morton Downey Jr. may be down,
but he's not out.
Bill Boggs, executive producer
of "The Morton Downey Jr.
Show," confirmed Thursday that
the nationally-syndicated talk
show had been canceled, but he
speculated that it would not be the
end of Downey's career as a talk
show host.
"I think that Downey will be
back and hell be back strong,"
Boggs said.
In the meanwhile, he said
Downey is busy with a network
movie deal and other projects.
MCA Television, WWOR-TV
of Secaucus and Quantum Media
Inc., joint owners of "The Morton
Downey Jr. Show," said in a
statement that the show's final
episode was taped June 30. The
show will not be televised after
Sept. 15, which is the end of
Downey's contract with stations
carrying the show.
Downey was filming Thursday
in Toronto, Canada, and could
not be reached for comment.
Boggs said the talk show host was
filming a network movie. He
declined to say which network or
reveal details of the project.
"He doesn't want to talk about
this," Boggs said. "He's in the
middle of doing something he's


never done before and basically
he's concentrating on that."
Boggs said 'Downey also is
working on a record album and a
nightclub act that is to open next
month at one of Donald Trump's
Atlantic City casino-hotels.
"The Morton Downey Jr.
Show" premiered in the New York
City area Oct. 19, 1987, and
quickly attracted attention
because of Downey's abrasive
style. The show went into national
syndication May 31, 1988.
The show enjoyed good ratings
in the beginning, but began a slide
after several heavily-publicized
incidents involving Downey.
One of the incidents came in
May when Downey said "skin
heads" clipped his hair and drew
swastikas on his face during an
attack in a restroom at a San
Francisco airport. No arrests were
made and police said they had no
evidence to support Downey's
claim.
But Boggs blamed outside
pressures for the show's demise.
"I think the basic reason was
that advertisers abandoned the
show," he said. "We're in a climate
where advertisers are more
concerned than ever about
program content. In a way,
Downey can be seen as a victim of
that."


I MEN







SO Tropic Times
1 July 26, 1989


K6ingCrossword


ACROSS
1. Pin in a
boat's gunwale.
6. Chatter
11. More
infrequent
12. Native of'
Rome
13. Kind of
shrub
14. Conscious
15. Cry, as
a cow
16. Beard of
rye
18. Garden
tool
19. Reptile
21. Any bodily
disorder
24. Slopes
28. Mine
entrances
29. Guide
30. Greek letter
31. Early
sea-going
vessel
32. Rope with
running kno


34. Charge for
services
37. Feline
38. Observe
41. A sudden
swaying
43. Eskimo
boat
45. Debate
46. Cleanse
of soap
147. River
(Ger.)
48. Bordered


DOWN
1. Streetcar
(Eng.) q
2. Circle of
light i5
3. Calendar
of offices 47
and feasts
(R.C. Ch.)
4. Sheltered side
5. Business trips
6. Ill-tem-
pered, grouchy
person
t 7. Humble


8. Oriental 19. Evil
nurse spirit
9. Short for 20. Roman
Caroline magistrate
10. Leg joint 21. Queen of
fairies
17. Method 22. Any fruit


drink (Tibet)
23. Ignited 33. An ore
25. Sick of iron
26. Author of 34. Defect
"The Pit and 35. River in
the Pendulum" France
27. Pig pen 36. Units of
29. Grazing work
land 38. Warble
31. Black- 39. Comfort
tailed 40. Pieced out
gazelle 42. Hint
44. Middle
Answers to King Cross-
word





113 I 3 ;


dI o AG V1 W


- I - HI- L


Aviary

P T H E ROR IOME VARC
EOEREDAC I L EPVAA
LWRANHRTOL U V NVS
I HUEVOW I WACAMP P
CETOVOROBYRYAAC
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VOUADULEHHRARAE
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AVOGCONDOUOR GHA

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Towhee Oriole Avocel Thrush
Vulture Pelcan Canary Sparrow
Raven Gannre Heron Macaw
Plover Condor Stork
Aviary


Find at least six differences in details between panels.


3*f 0 * 6I


(Tf V.IZo'$
-IrAiJ y-bL0
lTHt1 K-...


lB y Boo


1. Name the pitcher who had the
nickname, "Blue Moon."
2. Which two leagues merged in
1949 to form the National Basketball
Association?
3. What starting pitcher led the
American League last season in
fewest walks per nine innings?
4. Name the only team in the NBA
to lose to the LA. Lakers during the
1983-84 regular season, only to win
the NBA title from them that year.
5. How many times in the '80s
have the Lakers won champion-
ships?
6. Who was the MVP in the NBA
championship in the 1980-81 sea-
son?
7. How many times have the
University of Texas Longhorns won
the college baseball championship?
8. In 1973, name the San Diego
Padre who went directly to the
major leagues after the college
drafts.


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REPUDIATION

From the above word, find at least
20 five-or-more-letter words within
a three-minute time frame.
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS


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pa-z
pa~liun
japun
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iaiuzvd


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ITiny I I �]













Foreman still strong at 40


Ex-heavyweight boxing champ

continues on road to comeback


EUGENE, Ore. (UPI) - Former
world heavyweight champion
George Foreman will continue his
boxing comeback in Eugene on Aug.
17 in a fight to be televised on
national cable television, officials
said Monday.
The 40-year-old boxer is expected
to fight in a 10-round main event
outdoors at Bond Sport Complex, a
softball park. But his opponent
hasn't been named said complex
manager Don Knoll.
Foreman returned to the ring two
years ago after taking 10 years off. He
is undefeated in 19 bouts, including a
decision over Everett "Big Foot"
Martin in Tuscon July 20.
Eugene boxing promoter Ritch


Danner said Foreman's opponent as
well as other boxers on the card must
be approved by the USA Cable
Network, Foreman's promoter, and
the Oregon Boxing Commission.
He said one likely boxer is
Canadian Olympic team member
Laurie Mann of Prince George,
British Columbia. Others include
David Bey of Philadelphia, Stefan
Tangstad of Denmark, Art Tucker
from New Jersey and Jim Ashard of
Newport, Ore.
Tucker is a 6-6 heavyweight
claiming a 16-0 record. Ashard has a
15-5-3 record and fought a 10-round
draw against former heavyweight
Leon Spinks on Aug. 29, 1987. It was
Ashard's last fight.


Later that year, fight rules in
Oregon was changed and the State
Boxing and Wrestling Commission
formed. There have been only two
professional fights in the state since
then.
The new rules require more
comprehensive physical examina-
tions of boxers, better documenta-
tion of their records, and more
extensive licensing requirements for
promoters.
Knoll said the Foreman fight has
been in the planning stages for about
six months and he has received
tentative approval for a promoter's
license.
Foreman knocked out Joe Frazier
to win the heavyweight title in
January 1973. He then lost it by a
knockout to Muhammad Ali in Zaire
in October 1974. He had a 64-2
record before he quit for 10 years.


Oxygen dopers fooling themselves


by Rob Stein
BOSTON (UPI) - Athletes who
inhale pure oxygen to enhance their
performance are apparently fooling
themselves, a new study concluded
last week.
"My study would imply that it
doesn't help," said Dr. F. David
Winter Jr. of the Baylor University
Medical Center in Dallas. "It must be
a placebo effect."
Previous studies produced mixed
results about the usefulness of
inhaling pure oxygen for improving
athletic performance.
The practice, used most commonly
by professional football players,
gained popularity in the belief that
raising the level of oxegen in the
blood would enhance delivery of
oxygen to working muscles.
To test that, Winter and his
colleagues enlisted 12 members of the
Dallas Sidekicks, a professional
indoor soccer team for which Winter
consults, in a study published in the
Journal of the American Medical
Association.
The players ran on a treadmill until
they were exhausted, rested for four
minutes and ran again until they were


Canseco gun trial

delayed 'til Aug.

SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) - A
court hearing for Oakland A's
slugger Jose Canseco on gun
possession charges' was postponed
while lawyers sought to work out a
settlement in the case.
Canseco was excused from
appearing Monday. He was
represented by Los Angeles lawyer
Robert Shapiro as the hearing was
delayed until Aug. 18.
Assistant District Attorney Gregg
Lowder said he and Canseco's lawyer
have an "agreement in principal," but
have yet to finalize it.
Shapiro said outside court that
Canseco is willing to enter a plea of
no contest to a misdemeanor charge.
Canseco was arrested April 21 for
having a loaded pistol in his sports
car, which was parked at the
University of California at San
Francisco.
He was charged with felony
possession of a weapon on state
property and misdemeanor
possession of a loaded firearm in a
vehicle.


exhausted. During the rest period
they breathed room air or pure
oxygen without knowing which gas
they were getting. The players
repeated the exercise a second time,
this time getting whatever they did
not get the first time.


'Although the procedure
is not likely to be


harmful, it is


totally


ineffectual...'

When the researchers compared
how the athletes performed each
time, they found no difference
between whether they had breathed
100 percent oxygen or bottled room
air.
The researchers also found no
difference in the amount of a
substance in their blood known as
lactate, which indicates how much
oxygen is getting to the muscles.
"In addition, the athletes
themselves were unable to accurately
determine which gas they had
inhaled.


"In conclusion 100 percent
oxygen when applied for brief
periods during recovery from
exhaustive exercise could not be
shown to hasten recovery or improve
subsequent exercise performance,"
the researchers wrote.
The researchers, however, said
they doubted the practice would be
abandoned because players' are
convinced it helps and there is no
known health hazard from breathing
pure oxygen.
But in an editorial accompanying
the report, scientists form the
Institute for Aerobics Research in
Dallas said the study "convincingly
demonstrated" that oxygen use was
of no benefit.
"Athletic team physicians and
others in a position to advise athletes
and coaches should recommend
against inhalation of 100 percent
oxygen during recovery periods in
athletic contests," they said.
"Athough the procedure is not
likely to be harmful, it is totally
ineffectual in enhancing the recovery
from exercise or in improving
subsequent performance," they said.


Tropic Times
July 26, 1989


Cleveland's Mack

pleads innocent

to cocaine charges

CLEVELAND (UPI)-- Cleveland
Browns running back Kevin Mack
pleaded innocent Tuesday to cocaine
trafficking charges, and his lawyer
predicted he would not come to trial
until after the football season ends.
Mack, a two-time Pro Bowl
selection, was arrested June 28 while
sitting in a car in one of the city's
most notorious narcotics areas. He
was indicted July 10 on fodr counts
- possession of cocaine, sale or
resale of cocaine, aggravated drug
trafficking iand, possession of
criminaltools- and couldniceup to
20 years in prison if convi .
Mack said', not at the
arraignment ,in, Cuyai C.p.upt
coEmmon Plei77
p"'a was centered* br1
Gerald Goldii of t

Bond for :Mack, d a;
drug rehabilitation pr . at the
Cleveland Cliic Fop after
his arrest, was continue S200
and the case was assi5 -Judge
Richard McMonage.
Gold said it was a " good"
possibility Mack would- go to
trial until after the NFL on ends
in January. "It wouldn'tlimanusual
for any case being arraigned today
not to go to trial until after Jan.' I."
He also said he understood the
NFL would -not take any? action
against Mack until after- the trial
ends. . .
Asked about Mack's progress in
the rehabilitation program, Gold
said,"It's going very well. He's due to
get out of it the 28th (of July). We
fully expect him to go to London."
The Browns play the Philadelphia
Eagles in at exhibition game at
Wembley Stadium on Aug6 having
Cleveland Jy...30.
Gold saidac
ourI- every '~b
rehabilitation
above the dcli*i 4Ji^ - 1
center.
-.Go,0


11


Tour De LeMond,-American bicyclist Greg LeMond sprints to the finish in the French A ps during the Tour de
France. LeMond went on to beat Frenchman Laurent Fignon in the final stage of the race to claim the overall
victory by eight seconds. It was LeMond's second Tour victory and the closest contest ever in the Tour's history.
(AP Laserphoto)








12 ^Tropic Times
12 July 26, 1989


B-52 bomber explodes; 1 dead, 11 injured


SAN ANTONIO (UPI) - A B-52
bomber caught fire and exploded
during refueling at Kelly Air Force
Base, killing one civilian worker and
injuring 11 others, Air Force officials
said Tuesday.
Witnesses said the explosion at
10:35 p.m. Monday sent a giant
fireball into the night sky, rattled
nearby base housing and showered
debris as far as a mile away.
Air Force spokesman Gary
DuPriest said the explosion killed
civilian worker Jesus Pedraza, 38,
and injured 11 other civilian workers
who made up a 12-man crew
employed by the Air Force Logistics
Command.
The most-critically injured were
Herman Morris, who was in serious
condition Tuesday at the burn unit at
Brooke Army Medical Center at
nearby Fort Sam Houston. Three
men were in fair condition at
Lackland Air Force Base and seven
other workers were treated for minor
injuries at Kelly or Lackland and
released.
DuPriest said the B-52 had been at
Kelly for more than three months for
maintenance and was to be flown to
Barksdale Air Force Base near
Shreveport, La. He did not know
when the jet was scheduled to fly to
Barksdale.
Officials said the crew was in the
process of refueling the bomber, and
a hose was connected to the jet's fuel
tank at the time of the explosion.
DuPriest said "there was nothing
explosive on board."
Witnesses said the wreckage of the
jet, which was smoldering and being
doused by firefighters early Tuesday,
was in at least four pieces. The wings
were on the ground and the cockpit
was blown apart from the rest of the
craft.
"The only things damaged were
the plane, the truck that was
refueling it and a power cart nearby
(used to transport people and
equipment)," DuPriest said.
Authorities said the worker who
died was inside the bomber's cockpit
testing gauges, a routine part of the
jet's refueling procedure.


The witnesses said the hulking
bomber was resting about 50 yards
from a hangar Air Force officials
described as the world's largest, but
the hangar did not appear to be
damaged.
DuPriest said a team of experts
was examining the wreckage in an
effort to determine what caused the
explosion.
The B-52 has been the backbone of
the Air Force's strategic bomber fleet
since the 1950s. Most recently, the
two types of B-52s in squadron
service have been the B-52G and B-

JTF-Panam
QUARRY HEIGHTS (USSOUTH-
COM PAO) - U.S. Marine Corps
and Army units from Joint Task
Force Panama conducted a training
operation Saturday morning to
secure the Gorgas Army Community
Hospital. The operation was
designed to exercise troop readiness
and movement capabilities.
The exercise, which began about
10 a.m., involved U.S. Army
helicopters transporting .Marines to
Gorgas Army Hospital where they
descended onto the roof of one of the
hospital's buildings by fast rope
descent and then quickly established
perimeter security. The exercise
lasted about two hours and involved
about a hundred troops.
As part of the exercise, some of the
Marine troops were .transported
across the Bridge of the Americas to
Gorgas Hospital in six of their Light
Armored Vehicles (LAV's) mid-
morning. Eighteen of the eight-
wheeled armored vehicles were
deployed to Panama along with a
Marine Corps light armored infantry
company from Camp LeJeune, N.C.,
in May as part of the augmentation
forces ordered to Panama by
President Bush.
Gorgas Army Hospital is located
in the Panama Canal area on one side
of Ancon Hill near Quarry Heights
and part of Panama City. As a
Military Area of Coordination, so
designated by Panama Canal Treaty
documents, internal security of the


I t etp r I


Asian talks begin
by United Press International
LA CELLE-SAINT-CLOUD,
France -French Foreign Minister
Roland Dumas, declaring "the
hour of peace has come,"opened a.
round-table meeting of Cam-
bodia's four warring factions
Tuesday as a prelude to an
international peace conference on
the divided Asian nation. But an
earlier, informal meeting found
the faction leaders bitterly divided
on key issues.
Desegregation ends
JACKSON, Miss. -- A
sweeping ruling by U.S. District
Judge William H. Barbour Jr. will
consolidate Natchez' two high
schools and end two decades of
almost total segregation in the
Natchez-Adams County school
system.
Evacuees returning
FREELAND, Mich. --
Thousands- of people evacuated
after a train carrying toxic
chemicals derailed Saturday and
taught fire had returned to their
homes early Tuesday as officials
Said it would take another day to


extinguish the blaze. "What I've
heard is that they're going to let it
bum out, but it's going to be
another 24 to 36 hours," said
Mark Siler, a Saginaw County
Sheriffs deputy.
Walesa nixes post
WARSAW - Solidarity leader
Lech Walesa, in a radio interview
aired Tuesday, effectively
dismissed the idea of Solidarity
entering the government and
suggested it will establish a
shadow cabinet in opposition.
Miners go to work
MOSCOW -- Tens of
thousands of miners returned to
work in the Ukrainial Donbass
region Tuesday, ending a costly
eight-day strike in the heartland of
Soviet coal production, a local
coal official said.
Japanese seek PM
TOKYO - The ruling Liberal
Democratic Party Tuesday called
for an extraordinary party-wide
vote to choose a successor to
Prime Minister Sousuke Uno,
who announced he is resigning to
accept blame for a stunning
parliamentary election defeat.


52H, of which a combined total of
295 were built by Boeing Co. Air
Force officials said the jet that
burned Monday was a B-52G, of
which 193 were manufactured.
The B-52G has eight jet engines
and carries a crew of six. According
to the authoritative Jane's All the
World's Aircraft, the B-52G can be
equipped with as many as 20 Boeing
AGM-69 SRAM short-range attack
missiles, plus nuclear free-fall
bombs. Some B-52Gs were being
modified to carry AGM-86 cruise
missiles.


The troubled B-l bomber, with its
crew of four, was designed to replace
the larger B-52. Both have been
overshadowed by the publicity
surrounding the recently unveiled B-
2 Stealth bomber, at $532 million
each the most expensive warplane
ever built.
The Stealth is designed to be a low-
level penetration bomber that could
enter the Soviet Union after a Soviet
nuclear strike on the United States,
and roam undetected while seeking
out remaining mobile missiles and
command centers.


ra holds exercise at Gorgas
hospital complex is the responsibility Southern Command's Army
of the U.S. forces, and external component - is a temporary
security is the responsibility of the headquarters established to
Panama Defense Forces. command and control the security
Joint Task Force Panama - activities and training of the
commanded by the commanding augmentation forces deployed to
general of U.S. Army South, U.S. Panama in 1988 and May 1989.


Marines rappelfrom a Black Hawk helicopter onto the roof of the Gorgas
Army Hospital during an exercise Saturday. (U.S. Army photo by MSgt.
Larry Dumas)


Dignity Battalion blocks road
anumetofeecinsi Pnm


PANAMA CITY, Panama
(Reuter) -- Members of Panama's
civilian militia briefly blocked the
entrance to a U.S. airbase Friday in
protest at an evacuation exercise
staged by the U.S. garrison which the
demonstrators called a provocation.
"We have come peacefully to
protest against the excessive
displacement of North American
troops which puts at risk the lives of
hundreds of Panamanian civilians,"
Benjamin Colamarco, commander
of Panama's Dignity Battalions, told
reporters outside the Howard
airbase.
The 20-minute protest involving
nearly 100 members of the militia set
up by Panamanian strongman
General Manuel Antonio Noriega to
guard against U.S. military
intervention followed a U.S.
Southern Command exercise to test
its readiness to evacuate American
civilians from Panama.
Colamarco said the exercise
"violated Panamanian territory, our
sovereignty and the integrity of
Panama."
The exercise is the latest in a series
of what the Panamanians call
provocative maneuvers staged since
President Bush ordered the U.S.
garrison reinforced following the


annulment of elections in Panama
May 10.


OAS calls for

new RP elections
PANAMA CITY, Panama
(Reuter) -- Panamanian opposition
leader Guillermo Endara Friday
accused the Organization of
American States (OAS) of falling
into a trap set by military leader Gen.
Manuel Noriega by calling for new
elections in Panama.
"The opposition does not agree
with this idea of new elections.
Elections already took place and the
Panamanian people made its
choice," the former opposition
presidential candidate told a news
conference.
The OAS, which held a meeting on
Panama in Washington on
Thursday, called for new elections to
replace those annulled by the
Panama government and for a
transfer of power Sept. I.
The 31-nation body did not
specifically urge Noriega to resign.
Endara said the opposition felt no
obligation to comply with the OAS
resolution.




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PAGE 1

the frompic times Vol. II, No. 25 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama July 26, 1989 PRD's Duque says New elections could take '2 to 3 years' PANAMA CITY, Panama (UPI) "Everything depends on a halt to -The government's presidential U.S. economic and pyschological candidate in the annulled May agression and interference in elections said Saturday U.S. Panamanian affairs," Duque said. interference in Panama's affairs must Duque also said government end before new elections can be held candidates backed by Noriega were in "two to three years." winning when voting irregularities The nation has been in a political were detected. crisis since the violence-marred May International observers, however, 7 elections were annulled three days have said Guillermo Endara, the later amid widespread claims the presidential candidate of the U.S.government of de facto ruler Gen. backed Civil Democratic Opposition t Manuel Antonio Noriega stole the Alliance, won by a 3-1 margin. election that had been easily won by Endara's opposition forces met for the U.S.-backed opposition. four hours Saturday to discuss their In an effort to resolve the impasse, next move. Although the opposition, the Organization of American States like the OAS, is demanding Noriega last week called for democratic give up power, it also is insisting that elections, Noriega to transfer power its claimed victory in the May 7 by Sept. 1, and the OAS to continue elections be upheld. until Aug. 23 to try to mediate the Noriega, who has been indicted in standoff. the United States on drug trafficking But Carlos Duque, candidate for charges, is commander of the the pro-military National Liberation Panamanian Defense Forces. Coalition, said Saturday electoral According to the 1977 Panamalaw revisions are needed first because Canal Treaties, U.S. and standards "were visibly altered" Panamanian troops have joint during the elections. responsibility to defend the Panama "To hold new elections, I would Canal. But military relations say it will take two to three years, between the two countries HANDLIFT -Sgt. James E. Colson, HHC, 1/1st Inf., Sth Inf. Div. since there have to be substantial deteriorated after the Reagan (Mech.), carries a child to a Landing Crqft Medium during Friday's changes to the electoral law," Duque administration imposed .economic evacuation exercise atFortAmador. For more about the exercise, seepages said in an interview with United Press sanctions against Panama in March 6 and 7. (U.S. Army photo hy Sg4, Steve F#nkyl international. 1988. Risk of RP military clash grows, Reuter says PANAMA CITY, Panama indictment by two U.S. grand juries annulment of elections in May, are "The Panamanians are some of the (Reuter) -As the Panamanian crisis in 1988 on charges of assisting drug meant to be aggressive. best trained soldiers on the drifts on with strongman Gen. traffickers, has stepped up military "It is an aggressive posture designed continent. They have been trained by Manuel Antonio Noriega continuing maneuvers in the Panama Canal to apply pressure on Noriega and to the U.S. and by the Israelis. Their to ignore U.S. attempts to dislodge zone which it controls. press the Panamanian Defense elite forces are excellent," one said. him, the risk of a military clash U.S. officials say the exercises, Forces to remove him," a U.S. But he agreed that with young grows. which have become more frequent official told Reuters. soldiers operating under great stress Washington, which has sought the since President Bush bolstered the Political and military analysts on both sides, an isolated clash could removal of Noriega since his Panamanian garrison after the attribute the absence of any isolated not be ruled out. incident -such as a panicked soldier U.S. officials deny the exercises position debatesfiring without orders -to the are aimed at provoking such an O p os uo ru7I professionalism of U.S. and incident. But after the failure of 16 PANAMA CITY, Panama (UPI) American States resolution passed Panamanian troops who rub months of economic sanctions and -Panama Cit, aama (UPh Thursday after two days of debate in shoulders daily as they police the much sabre-rattling, such an incident -Panama's opposition leaders, who Thrdyatrtody fdbt n Panama Canal. could offer a tempting excuse for claim to have won violence-marred Washington, D.C. U.S. Cala down oer antemetin. May elections, said Friday they may The resolution attempting to U.S. officials play down the more direct intervention. resume street protests against the resolve Panama's 2-month-old possibility of an isolated incident The high profile of the U.S. troops rule of military strongman Gen. political crisis calls for new elections, developing into a full-blooded has injected a new urgency into the Manuel Antonio Noriega. Noriega to transfer power by Sept. 1, engagement. search for a political solution. Leaders of the U.S.-backed Civil and an extension until Aug. 23 of the Democratic Opposition Alliance, or OAS mandate to mediate talks ADOC, also reiterated their between the opposition and Noriega unhappiness over an Organization of forces. Angolans down jet opposed to the demobilization But the U.S.-backed opposition plan currently under conII leaders are insisting upon by United Press International sideration and instead favor recognition of their reported 3-1 LISBON, Portugal -Angolan keeping the guerrilla army intact victory in the May 7 elections, which UNITA guerrillas armed by the ".until after the (Feb. 25, 1990) were annulled three days later by United States shot down a Sovietelections, to keep guard against FORT CLAYTON (USARSO Noriega amid allegations of built transport plane, killing 42 fraud." PAO) -A U.S. Army South widespread fraud. people, in a move that threatens to Durables increase soldier was killed Monday at Guillermo Endara, the ADOC wreck the fragile month-old ceaseBuilding 701, Corozal, when the presidential candidate, said the fire in Angola's 14-year civil war, WASHINGTON -The towing vehicle he was operating opposition will meet Saturday to the Portuguese news agency Lusa government reported Tuesday fell from a loading platform, decide its future course of action -reported Tuesday from Luanda. that orders for durable goods rose The victim's name is being including whether to withdraw from Six people reportedly survived the 0.3 percent during June to $124.1 withheld pending notification of the OAS talks. crash. billion, well below what next of kin. He said the opposition may Contras hold talks economists had expected in the The soldier was attempting to resume its demonstrations against wake ofasharp 4.4 percent drop in move the vehicle forward when it the Noreiga regime, saying "it is a SAN SALVADOR, El SalMay. Declines in orders for backed off the loading ramp and definite possibility and probably vador -Salvadoran President transportation equipment such as flipped, pinning the soldier will happen." Alfredo Cristiani met with a cars and ships more than offset beneath it. The soldier was winc he en. delegation of U.S.-backed gainsinordersforothercategories pronounced dead on-scene by a Ma ethe violent aftermath of the Nicaraguan rebels for talks on the of so-called big-ticket Items Gorgas Army Hospital physician. May 7 elections, the opposition has proposed dismantling of Contra designed to last at least three TGhe a c Hident i n. avoided any street protests and bases in Honduras. A Contra years, the Commerce Department investigation t is r instead pursued such other means of military leader said the rebels are said. inetgain protest as an unsuccessful strike. ____________________________________

PAGE 2

2Tropic Times Ju 2.,1,8, IU.S. news 'Aggressive'clean-air proposal gets criticism WASHINGTON (Reuter) -where the environment is an earlier deadline. exists. President Bush moved to make good important issue, and environmental Rice said the standards have not Despite his disappointment, on his campaign commitment to a groups said Bush's bill backs away changed, but that some cities are Baucus predicted Congress would cleaner environment by proposing an from the tough standards on acid polluted worse than had been pass a clean-air bill this session. "aggressive" clean-air law Friday but rain, automobile exhaust and urban thought and therefore eligible for the "The dynamics are different this drew criticism from ecology groups air pollution that he had outlined later deadline. year," said Baucus, a senior member and politicians before he even earlier. --Require reductions in emissions of the Senate Environment unveiled it. But the White House denied the of two key gases that contribute to Committee. "This piece of legislation will see to president was retreating from a June acid rain. Annual sulfur dioxide He said Congress is no longer it that every American in every city in 12 speech and accused his detractors emissions would have to be reduced faced with hostility to environmental America will breathe clean air," he of distorting the content of the bill. by nine million tons, while nitrogen laws supposedly harbored by former said at a White House ceremony as "He is not pulling back on oxide would have to be reduced by president Ronald Reagan's he announced the legislation. anything. His bill lives up to the letter two million tons. adminstration. Bush said his proposal would clean and spirit of that proposal. It is In its advance analysis of the bill, In addition, he said, the new up emissions that cause acid rain by tougher than anything on (Capitol) the Clean Air Coalition said the leaders of Congress -House Speaker the end of the century and cut Hill," spokesman Marlin Fitzwater reduction levels were inadequate. Tom Foley, Democrat from airborne toxic chemicals from major told reporters. -Require that automakers sell Washington, and Senate Majority sources by at least 75 percent. The critics learned the outlines of one million cars each year that burn Leader George Mitchell, Democrat "This is one of the most aggressive the bill from advance drafts and an alternative, cleaner-burning fuels. from Maine, --are stronger pieces of environmental legislation Environmental Protection Agency The standard would take effect by environmentalists than their competing on (Capitol) Hill," he spokesmen confirmed that their 1997. No such requirement now predecessors. said. information was essentially correct. "Let me make one thing very, very In summary, the bill would: clear: clean air is too important to be --Tighten limits on automobile a partisan issue," Bush said. "Anyone emissions of hydrocarbon pollutants who allows political bickering to by almost 40 percent. However, the weaken our progress against limits would be set as an average, pollution does a tragic disservice to rather than as a ceiling as under every city in America and to every current law. American. .who wants and deserves The National Clear Air Coalition, clean air. an environmental group, said that But Bush's proposal -the first anevrmntlgopsidht Whit Huse plpa to overfhat could actually lead to an increase in White House plan to overhaul pluin federal pollution laws in more than a pollutio decade -came under fire from Asked about that by Reuters, EPA Deca ticritics indefress en spokesman Chris Rice denied the Democratic critics in Congress even charge and said standards for _,7 before the Rose Garden ceremony. a nd sisanr geo "Thi bil wold igniicatly automobile emissions of nitrogen "This bill would significantly xd ha bentgeed rm-tarnish his intended image to be 'the oxidad ben tighteed by environmental president'," said standards originally considered by Democratic Sen. Max Baucus of the White House. Montana at a news conference hours -Require most cities currently before Bush formally submitted his rated "polluted" to achieve healthy proposed legislation. air quality by the year 2000. The bill The "environmental president" would, however, extend the deadline slogan was one Bush used often in his for at least nine heavily polluted election-campaign when he pledged cities to 2010, Baucus said. COILING ROPE -Dusty Goodwin prepares his lobster gear inBoothbay to create "a kinder, gentler nation." Bush had originally said that all Harbor, Maine. Goodwin says he hauls about 800 traps during the summer. The clean-air law was designed to but the three worst-polluted cities -Maine lobstermen seem to havepeaked out in the number they can harvest, help deliver on those pledges. Los Angeles, New York, and but they would like to get more lobster. A University of Maine research Baucus, who comes from a state Houston --would be subject to the project next month may provide some answers. (AP Laserphoto) Old car draws EarthlyneedsmaybeatmanonMarspkm top auction bid WASHINGTON (Reuter) -and no specifics about what we're John Logsdon, director of the Space President Bush's grand plan to put an going to have to sacrifice in exchange Policy Institute at George SAN FRANCISCO (UPI)-A American on Mars may be for such an ambitious program," Washington University. 1928 SSK Mercedes drew the top undermined by more earthly Sasser said. "We all have been complaining bid of $1 million at a weekend concerns in Congress. Bush, commemorating the 20th that there has been no presidential auction of vintage cars that drew When America put man on the anniversary of the first walk on the call for a national commitment and 30,000 people to Moscone Center. moon in 1969 it was the world's moon, set as America's space goals now we've got one," he added in a About 500 cars went on the biggest creditor nation. Now the for the 21st century the creation of an telephone interview. block and sales totaled about $16 world's biggest debtor with huge orbiting space station, a permanent Costly projects, ranging from the million with some cars going for trade and federal budget deficits, it U.S. base on the moon, and an Stealth bomber program through between $200,000 and $500,000, has pressing health and education expedition to Mars. "Star Wars" space shield defenses to spokesman Kurt Hazard said. needs competing for scarce "Our goal is nothing less than to the rescue plan for the crippled Former baseball star Reggie government dollars. establish the United States as the presavings and loan industry, are Jackson sold 15 cars from his "Today the president took one eminent space-faring nation," he pressing on a shrinking public purse. collection of about $120,000, the giant leap for starry-eyed political said. But Rep. Robert Walker, a most expensive a 1963 Corvette rhetoric, but not even one small step He set no timetable and gave no Pennsylvania Republican who is offered for $70,000. for fiscal responsibility," Sen. Jim budget estimate for his ambitious among the House's most hardline Auctioneers said they expected Sasser, a Tennessee Democrat who new goals but members of the space members on budgetary matters, said a 1937 Mercedes 540 KC, offered chairs the Senate Budget Committee, lobby say his targets might be met the space program transcended the at $2 million, would be the star of told reporters Thursday. with a modest timetable and by budget. the show but it drew a winning bid "We got no specifics from the convincing Congress that voters "There is a matter here of national of only $525,000. president today about the time would support a costly revitalization will," Walker said. The cars ranged from a 1929 frame, no specifics about cost, no of the program. "If we have the will to do as much Cord L to numerous Farraris to a specifics about how we were going to "I think there's a chance the now, in terms of investment, as we 1967 Pontiac GTO. pay for this costly space program, program can be accomplished," said did in the 1960s, we can do it." Commander-in-Chief .Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC .SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication Director, Public Affairs .Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff ..SSgt. Greg Markley is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Fimes is Executive Editor/NCOIC .SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Sgt. Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Managing Editor .Colin Hale Spec. Anthony Craft Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of AiC Randy Lawson the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command. Composing Room ..Rosemary Chong Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view Carolyn Coffey of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S. he T ro p ic T im es Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002, Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.

PAGE 3

Tropic Times July 26, 1989 3 U.S. news Bush riding high in polls; not gloating WASHINGTON (Reuter) -Ornstein. large measure of refreshing fears the leftist government may George Bush, riding high in the polls "This was the guy changing the directness with a substantial dollop renege on reform commitments. halfway through his first year in world. Now the spotlight isn't on of artful indirection," wrote On the domestic front, the deficit office, is careful not to gloat about Gorbachev alone -George Bush is newspaper columnist Raymond remains a major problem and some the remarkably smooth ride he has sharing it with him." Price, a former Republican White economists forsee a recession next enjoyed as president. Gorbachev's internal headaches -House insider and ex-speechwriter year. "There are things that I'd like to spreading labor unrest and ethnic for president Richard Nixon. "Bush is an extraordinarily active have seen resolved, particularly on strife -have undoubtedly helped But W h it e H o use aid e s president when it comes to his the legislative side," he told reporters Bush look good in comparison. But a acknowledge Bush has yet to face his personal style, but as a decision as he flew home from a recent trip to larger factor has been his extensive, first real crisis. maker he is extraordinarily reactive," Europe. much publicized travel. Possible pitfalls for him on the said political analyst Ornstein. The period since Bush took office He has visited 12 countries since world scene include Panama, where "That leaves me uneasy. While you on Jan. 20 shows a few rough spots his inauguration, asserted leadership Gen. Manuel Noriega keeps power can't argue with success, if and when although it is seen as an unusually at. the NATO summit in Brussels in despite U.S. efforts to oust him, and we hit a difficult patch I hope he placid one in Washington politics -May, and is generally credited with Nicaragua, where the administration won't be skewered by that tendency." and a soft one for the new president. defusing a nuclear policy dispute On the domestic front, the budget within the Western alliance. deficit remains a major headache and The recent tour of Poland and some economists foresee a recession Hungary, where he proclaimed a next year. vision of a "new world" in which the Bush's sweeping plan to rescue the Iron Curtain dividing Europe would savings and loan industry from be torn down, also won some insolvency has yet to win final applause. congressional approval. "I think he had quite a successful Another early setback was the trip and I congratulate him on it," rejection of his choice for defense said Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, the secretary, John Tower, following 1988 Democratic vice presidential allegations of indiscreet conduct. nominee. Only Thursday, Democrats ThefateofBentsen'srunningmate boisterously ridiculed Bush's -Bush's erstwhile presidential rival, proposal that U.S. astronauts return Michael Dukakis -neatly to the moon early in the 21st century underscores the difference a year can and then head for Mars on a "journey make in power politics. into tomorrow." The Democrats One year ago the Massachusetts called his vision empty rhetoric that governor accepted his party's failed to say how America would pay nomination in a triumphal personal for this -and few Republicans came climax to its nominating convention. to his aid on this one. He held a 17-point lead in opinion But such setbacks by and large polls, had a united party behind him have been the exception. and looked about to sweep a His performances in the defensive and faltering Bush right off international arena have won the field. compliments after initial criticism he Bush routed him in the November was moving too slowly. election after a bitter, invective-filled "The president has done quite well campaign and Dukakis has since and deserves credit," says House suffered a sharp political decline and Speaker Thomas Foley, leader of the has announced he will not seek Democratic opposition in Congress. re-election as governor. Bush, who currently has a higher The president's fortunes have job approval rating than the soared. An athletic 65-year-old who enormously popular Ronald Reagan likes rigorous daily schedules and had at the same point in his strenuous physical workouts, he has presidency, seems to have survived shown a sunny, genial style that complaints he lacks the imagination clearly has popular appeal. and flair of Soviet leader Mikhail "Overall, Mr. Bush gives every APOLLO 11 CREW -The Apollo 11 Lunar Module pilot Edwin Aldrin Gorbachev. indication of knowing what he's (left), Command Module pilot Michael Collins (center) and commander "'The spotlight for a long time was doing and why -of thinking before NelA rmstrong (right) applaud during ceremonies atKennedy Space Center on Gorbachev alone in the center he acts and then acting in a precisely marking the 20th anniversary of man landing on the Moon. (AP ring," says political analyst Norman calibrated .way that combines a Laserphoto) United thanks Sioux City residents for response OMAHA (UPI) --United Airlines many other large and small ways, established the reason why the infrared photography as well as purchased a full-page advertisement you have opened your hearts with aid hydraulic system failed at that point. satellite information. in Sunday newspapers to thank and compassion. Burnett said officials interviewed Burnett also said officials have Sioux City, Iowa, area residents for "In this sad time, even as we the first officer, who was not reviewed how much air time the their response to the DC-10 crash at continue the tasks that lie ahead, identified, on the loss of the plane and various aprts have had and the Sioux City airport Wednesday your past and ongoing help is dearly hydraulic system. His testimony how long they had gone between that claimed 110 lives. appreciated," he said. "I want you to seems to confirm the engine problem maintenance cycles. In the advertisement that appeared know that you have the most caused' the hydraulic failure. He said in past accidents figures on in The Omaha World-Herald, profound gratitude of the people of "Immediately after the number the age of parts have resulted in Stephen M. Wolf, United chairman United Airlines." two (engine) went gauges showed an lowering of standards for various and president, said "in countless Meanwhile, Iowa Air National immediate drop in the hydraulic cycles and hours parts can be used. ways you, the people of the Guardsmen continued to sweep the system," the first officer told But he said the parts were all "well Siouxland area, have freely offered crash area for wreckage and officials. within limits" and there was no assistance and compassion to the passenger belongings. They were no Burnett said the No. I hydraulic problem because of that. passengers and crew and to their longer looking for bodies, all of system is still missing a section near Burnett, at a Friday night news families and loved ones." which were presumed to have been the right horizontal stabilizer so conference, described how the pilot "Thc actions of official agencies as recovered, officials said. "rupture (of that system) is not --helped by an off-duty United flight well as volunteers have been swift National Transportation Safety confirmed." training instructor -struggled with and sure," Wolf said. Board spokesman Jim Burnett said Burnett said a 12 square mile area the plane after reporting all hydraulic "More than 300 National Saturday night the search centered was searched by air and four more systems failed shortly after the No. 2 Guardsmen, for example, helped on Alta, which is about 90 miles square miles will be searched by air engine exploded. search for survivors. Hundreds of north-northeast of Sioux City, and Sunday. But he said there will not be And for the first time, Burnett doctors and nurses and other medical parts recovered included a tail cone, any more ground search of the area. confirmed there was "uncontained personnel worked around the clock. two parts of fan blades imbedded in He said 20 crews of the Iowa Air engine failure with damage to the More than 600 persons volunteered the leit hioriontal stabilizer and a National Guard and a helicopter aircraft." Uincontained means engine to donria blood. hydraulic lint from the area of the donated by apublieservicecompany parts spewed out of the engine "Local restaurants supplied food No. 2coginc, ltconnectstotheNo. 2 helped in the search. He said officials containment shell when the engine ard pi ornel," he said. "And in so hydraulic pump which he said are also using two aircraft with failed.

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4 Tropic Times July 26, 1989 world roundup U. S. diplomat Bloch suspendedfor spying WAS H IN G TON (U PI) --reported that Bloch had his first longtime friend as an "overambitious Bloch and didn't know anything Colleagues and friends of Felix known contact with the Soviet Union career diplomat who had suffered about it until last night. He said he Bloch, a senior U.S. diplomat three years ago. under politically appointed had not been contacted by the FBI suspended from his post for State Department sources who ambassadors and never himself but has talked to the State suspected espionage activities, asked not to be identified confirmed became ambassador." Deptartment and agreed to keep expressed surprise Saturday over his that a compromise of security had In New York, mayoral candidate those conversations confidential. alleged dealings with Soviet agents. occurred and said Bloch's Ronald Lauder, who became "I had no indication he was In Vienna, Austrian Foreign identification as a Soviet contact was ambassador to Austria in April 1986, involved with spying," Lauder said in Minister Alois Mock said he learned a devastating setback for the foreign said he sent Bloch home July 1987 noting that Bloch has not been of the investigation into Bloch's service. because of insubordination but charged with spying. alleged Soviet contacts three weeks The FBI, which is in charge of added that he never suspected the The investigation took colleagues ago through "Austrian channels," counterintelligence operations, diplomat of spying. and friends in Vienna by suprise. the Austrian newspaper Kurier identified Bloch as having Bloch, who had served several "He's the last person you would reported in its early Sunday editions. unauthorized contacts with the ambassadors before Lauder, had suspect of spying for the Soviet Mock said he was "deeply shaken" Soviet Union, the State Department served as charge d'affaires for six Union," one source in Vienna said. by news that his former classmate said. The department, in confirming years in the Austrian embassy. "This is a shock not so much much had come under official investigation the FBI charges, did not say Bloch "He had been promoted to the because he could have been involved, and stressed that he always was "very was under arrest. number two slot (deputy chief of but because it was someone you got careful" not to divulge secret or His whereabouts were not mission) prior to my arrival,"Lauder along with well." sensitive information to his close immediately known. told reporters outside a restaurant One diplomatic source in Vienna friend. Bloch, who until 1987 was deputy where he was meeting with Irishcalled Bloch "a very serious, very The foreign minister said it was chief of the U.S. embassy in Vienna, American community leaders. professional man." "unimaginable" he had unknowingly was suspended from his duties in the "I grew increasingly dissatisfied "You would go through the fire for passed secrets to the Austrian-born State Department's bureau of with Mr. Bloch's performance," him," he said. career diplomat. European affairs because of alleged Lauder said. Bloch was born in Vienna, joined Bloch, 54, a 30-year career U.S. unauthorized dealings with Soviet Lauder accused Bloch of "going the State Department in 1958 and diplomat, allegedly passed a agents, department officials said. around" him and directly contacting served in his home town several times briefcase to a Soviet contact in Mock suggested Bloch may have the Austrian foreign ministry. as well as in Berlin. He speaks fluent Vienna while the incident was been tempted into espionage over his "I thought he was a poor member English and German and a videotaped by agents who had him anger at being overlooked for an of the staff, so I got rid of him. If I smattering of French. under surveillance, ABC News ambassadorship. thought he was a spy, I would have Bloch is married with children. His reported Friday night. "In a long political career some had him arrested," Lauder said. wife Lucille is the secretary general of The network did not say when the people cannot resist the temptation" Lauder said, however, that he was the Austrian Foundation in New alleged incident took place but to spy, Mock said, describing his surprised by the investigation of York. Austrian diplomat says he never gave 'secrets'to Bloch VIENNA (UPI) -Austria's Mrs. Bloch "knew nothing of the suspect of spying for the Soviet was characterized by those who foreign minister said Saturday he affair," Mock said, but added that a Union," one source in Vienna said. know him as a colorless, somewhat never divulged secrets to Felix Bloch, decision will be made as soon as "This is a shock not so much because unimaginative bureaucrat who was a U.S. envoy suspected of spying in possible on her continuing leadership he could have been involved, but easy to get along with -a family Vienna for the Soviet Union, but of the Austrian-funded foundation. because it was someone you got man with no apparent financial added some diplomats "cannot resist Mock cited "personal reasons" for along with well." problems or personal ticks such as the temptation" to spy. his cancellation Friday of plans to One diplomatic source in Vienna Foreign Minister Alois Mock said visit President Bush in Washington. called Bloch "a very serious, very alcoholism or womanizing that he was "deeply shaken" by news that News of the espionage investprofessional man." might have made him vulnerable to Felix Bloch, a onetime classmate at igation came as a surprise to other "You would go through the fire for foreign agents. Johns Hopkins University's Bologne colleagues and friends of Bloch in him," he said. "On the surface, anyway, (he was) center in Italy and close friend of 30 Vienna. A self-effacing man who inspired not a prime spy candidate," one years, had come under official "He's the last person you would hard work in his associates, Bloch associate said. investigation. Bloch, 54, who until 1987 was 93,000 miners continue to strike in USSR deputy chief of the U.S. embassy in Vienna, was suspended from his MOSCOW (UPI) -Thousands of government offer a day after region. The Donbass is the leading duties in the State Department's striking Ukrainian miners rejected Siberian colliers at the opposite end coal-producing area, accounting for bureau of European affairs because official concessions Saturday and of the country accepted concessions one-fourth of all coal mined in the of alleged unauthorized dealings shut down all 121 mines in the coal and ended an 11-day stoppage Soviet Union -the world's largest with Soviet agents, department heartland despite a new appeal from Friday. producer. officials said. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, At least 93,000 Ukrainian miners A 17-point accord reached with The foreign minister said he who said economic losses have stayed out for a sixth day in a strike the Siberian miners covers miners learned three weeks ago through reached a "critical point." costing $8 million a day in lost nationwide and includes higher pay, "Austrian channels" that Bloch was The Ukrainian miners rejected the production in the Ukraine's Donbass independence from the Coal under suspicion of espionage, the Ministry and chips away at decades Austrian newspaper Kurier reported of total control exercised by about 50 in its early Sunday editions. industrial ministries in the centrally Mock stressed that he always was planned economy. "very careful" not to divulge secret or But the Donbass miners say their sensitive information to Bloch, and unique regional conditions have to said it was "unimaginable" he had be taken into account in any unknowingly passed secrets to the settlement. For example, some of thc Austrian-born career diplomat. mines are 200 years old compared to But Mock said diplomats face the relatively newer Kuzbass coalstrong forces to betray their mining region, where mines are only countries and suggested Bloch may 50 years old. have been angry at being overlooked The Soviet coal strikes have raised for an ambassadorship. .fears of energy shortages in Europe "In a long political career some this fall and consequently. heating oil people cannot resist the temptation" prices have been rising on the New to spy, Mock said, describing his York Mercantile Exchange. longtime friend as an "overambitious "On behalf of the Supreme Soviet career diplomat who had suffered of the U.S.S.R., and the government under politically appointed of the U.S.S.R., we again appeal to ambassadors and never himself the miners of the Donbass to return became ambassador." to work," Gorbachev said in a The espionage investigation also Victor Yefanov, chairman of the Novokuznetsk city executive committee, telegram to strikers, according to the raised questions about the semispeaks July 17 to townspeople in the central square of Prokopyevsk in the official Tass news agency. official Austrian-American Kunetsk Coal Basin of western Siberia, 2,100 miles east of Moscolw. Senior The appeal, also signed by Prime Foundation in Washington, where officialsflew to Siberia and met with coal miners in an effort to end the Soviet Minister Nikolai Ryzhkov, promised Bloch's wife, Lucille, is secretary Union's biggest strike, which is spreading to the main coalfields and threatens striker demands could be aired in the general. to cripple industry. (A P Laserphoto) Supreme Soviet legislature.

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Tropic Times July 26, 1989 hemisphere Bush to attend Latin summit in San Jose WAS H IN G TON (UP I) -said. "We remain hopeful that by 1987 Nobel Peace Prize winner for strongly democratic, peaceful and President Bush will attend a Oct. 27, a freely elected democratic his efforts to craft peace in Central largely middle-class nation that calls hemispheric summit celebrating government may have been returned America, "There is no better place to itself the "Switzerland of Central democracy this fall in Costa Rica at to power in Panama." have this meeting." America." which Nicaraguan President Daniel Bush, however, will not meet with The White House said "the Ortega may also participate, the Ortega, although U.S. officials will principal subject for discussion will C. R ica denies White House announced Friday. attend meetings that include be ways to foster democracy in the Spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said Sandinista representatives. "The hemisphere," though Arias had Bush had accepted the invitation U.S. policy regarding high level suggested that drugs, debt, o from Costa Rican President Oscar contact with Nicaragua is development, deforestation and Arias Thursday to attend the unchanged," the White House said. disarmament also be brought up. to invade RP centennial celebration of democracy "We will participate in multilateral Bush last traveled to Costa Rica as SAN JOSE, Costa Ric in San Jose, Costa Rica, Oct. 27-28. meetings with representatives of the vice president on May 8, 1986, for (Reuter) -Costa Rica denied But though Ortega, who heads the Sandinista regime but have no plans Arias's inauguration. President Suniday harboring former ruling Sandinista regime in to meet with them bilaterally." Reagan also visited in December Nicaraguan Contra rebels who, a Nicaragua, was invited "and may The United States and Nicaragua 1982. newspaper said, were preparing attend," the White House said later maintain diplomatic relations, but The summit trip would be Bush's U.S.-backed military action to that neither Cuban leader Fidel not at the ambassadorial level. The fifth excursion out of the country oust Panama's military leader Castro nor Panama's de facto ruler U.S. government has long supported since he took office in January. He Manuel Antonio Noriega. Manuel Noriega would be the Contra rebels in the country but returned this week from a 10-day "Daily inspections in the south "appropriate attendees." now is only supplying $60 million in journey to Eastern and Western of the country (on the border with humanitarian aid that runs out in Europe, and previously has made Panama) are being carried out Costa Rica is bordered, by February and has to be reviewed in trips to Canada and to the Far East. and there are no such camps," a Nicaragua to the north and Panama November to see that the Sandinistas The summit will mark 100 years of Security Ministry spokesman' to the southeast. are keeping their promise to prepare democracy for Costa Ricans, who said. "Since this is a celebration of for free elections in February. consider that, theirs began in 1889 He was commenting on reports democracy we understand that The invitation was extended to when the first truly free elections inThe Times ofLondonthat more neither Castro nor representatives of Bush in connection with Costa Rica's were held. Since the 1948 civil war than 1,000 former Contras were General Noriega will be appropriate centennial celebration of democracy. t o p p led a p r o -c o mm u n is t being armed at two clandestine attendees," a White House statement Fitzwater said Bush told Arias, a government, Costa Rica has been a camps in southern Costa Rica. The newspaper said the group had Mexico makes landmark debt deal =:rdto anama t.action MEXICO CITY (Reuter) -proof the Brady plan was working, Mexico argued that it needed a allegedly planned by the CIA to Mexico and its creditor banks but last-minute difficulties over heavy discount on its debt topple Noriega. Sunday reached a milestone conditions set by banks delayed tbe obligations in order to restore The spokesmansaid Costa Rica agreement marking the first Mexican accord. growth after virtual stagnation' was neutral in the, Nicaraguan application of U.S. Treasury The banks wanted Mexico to throughout the 1980s. Its goal was to conflict and that President Oscar Secretary Nicholas Brady's debt accept so-called step-up and reduce the net flow of capital abroad Arias had no intention to meddle initiative. recapture clauses, whereby it would to two percent of gross domestic in the internal affairs of other The agreement is less than Mexico pay more interest and give back some production from more than six Central American nations. was originally seeking but is the first of the discounted debt principal once percent at present. A few weeks ago Panama said time international banks have its economy recovered. The government news agency the Contras were grouping at accepted debt reduction as an Mexican sources said these Notimex reported the United States Puerto Golfito, 60 miles from integral element of rescheduling problems were overcome after some has agreed a $2 billion bridge loan Panama's border, but Costa negotiations with Third World intense negotiations over the over six months to tide Mexico over Rican Security Minister Hernan countries. weekend. until all its creditor banks formally Garron denied this. "Mexico can now leave the crisis The Mexican finance ministry said accept the deal, as confirmed in behind, this is a great moment for in a statement that Mexico would Washington by Brady. Colombiawages Mexicans," President Carlos Salinas pay back more in debt service Mexico's last debt accord, signed de Gortari said in a televised address. starting July 1996 if oil income in March 1987, rescheduled $43.7 tough drug war, After just over three months of exceeded a certain level. It would billion of bank debt over 20 years often difficult negotiations, the two also receive more loans if this income with an interest margin of 13/16 U.S.O cial says sides agreed a three-option package dropped, the ministry added, percent over London Interbank including a 35 percent reduction on without specifying the oil income Offered Rates (Libor). BOGOTA, Colombia (Reuter) $53 billion of medium and long-term trigger level. That agreement included -A State ,Department official commercial bank debt. Salinas said the negotiations were contingency arrangements whereby said in an interview published This is not as high as the 55 percent difficult and tense at times. Mexico could borrow more from its Sunday that Colombia's anti-drug originally sought by Mexico but is "This is the culmination of one of banks and the IMF if oil prices were campaign would make the significantly higher than the 15 the most difficult, complex and tense to fall below nine dollars a barrel or if country unsafe for traffickers. percent first offered by its 15-bank negotiations in Mexico's history and growth failed to meet targets. In the Melvyn Levitsky, U.S.assistant advisory committee. that of the international financial event, the Mexican economy secretary ofstatefor international In Washington, Brady said community," he said. improved and the government did narcotics, told Colombia's Monday that the United States He said it is the largest debt not borrow the full amount from biggest-selling newspaper El would help arrange interim financing reduction ever granted by banks and banks. Tiempo that certain guerrilla of up to $2 billion to aid the Mexican should help other debtors with In a statement issued in New York, groups were protecting the lives of economy until the debt agreement is similar problems to Mexico's. Citibank, a unit of Citicorp, said the traffickers. put into effect. "With Mexico becoming the first financing package agreed Sunday "Nevertheless, owing to the Welcoming the multi-year country to reach a satisfactory will offer each creditor bank a range battle that the armed forces and financing package to reduce solution to its debt, the way is opened of options to support Mexico, the police have unleashed,I don't Mexico's commercial debt, Brady to other nations to follow a similar including principal reduction, think Colombia will be a secure said it represented "a major step path," he said. interest reduction and new money country for drug traffickers," he forward in the implementation of the The agreement in principle, which options. Each creditor bank would was quoted as saying. strengthened debt strategy." still has to be accepted formally by be asked to choose one or more of the "The important thin is that The agreement also involves fixing Mexico's 450 bank creditors, is the options. narcotics traffickers do not find a a flat interest rate equivalent to a 40 fourth public sector debt negotiation Under the principal reduction and secure pla e ay country of the percent saving on current market reached by Mexico since August interest-reduction options, 'creditor world." rates, Salinas said, as well as an 1982 when the country nearly banks could exchange their medium President Virgillo Barco option for new lending. defaulted. and long-term loans for 30-year reported earlier this month tbat Salinas said the accord will allow Though several European banks bonds to be issued by the government police and military had seized Mexico to revive much-needed were reluctant to offer a discount of of Mexico. 3 pound o caine s economic growth by reducing net even 30 percent, American banks led Principal-reduction bonds would this year in stepped-up antitransfers of capital abroad, currently by Citicorp chairman John Reed be issued in exchange for existing narcotics operations. Some exceeding six percent of gross succeeded in convincing the rest to go loans at a discount of 35 percent, 41,000 pounds of the drug we domestic product. He warned, along with the deal. with a floating interest rate of Libor seized in 198, he said. however, against over-optimism and Even though European banks plus 13/16 percent, the statement bThe ULtnie aeproide said considerable sacrifices remain have in many cases set aside much said. bout $10 miloayerfrn necessary. larger reserves against loan losses The interest-reduction bonds, narcoticsoperationsiColombia, President Bush had hoped to go to than U.S. institutions, the Europeans which would be issued in exchange Levitsky sad drug traffickers the Group of Seven summit in Paris dug in their heels against deepening for existing loans at par, would bear were tryig to "knock down 10 days ago with the first tangible the discount. interest at a fixed rate of 6.25 percent. Idemocracy In Colombia.

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6 Tropic Times July 26, 1989 Family members are transported by a landing craft m Soldiers of Ist Battalion, 61st Infantry, 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized), cross the Bridge ofthe Americas in armored personnel carriers. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Steve Finley) U.S. tests evacuation skills by SFC Cecil Stack assemble at the Fort Amador Gander. Alex's mom said they missed Officers' Club. The family members the helicopter by about 60 seconds. FORT CLAYTON (USARSO were notified the day before about Alex didn't seem too upset because PAO) -Seventy-four armored the exercise. As the early morning his mother kept reassuring him that personnel carriers and support rain turned to a drizzle, family the APC was "the best." vehicles kicked up dust as they members began walking to the club. As the volunteers were being roared out of Camp Roadrunner "It makes me feel good that they processed and evacuated, Navy I Friday morning. Several minutes are doing something like this," said patrol boats, Air Force jets and later the Bridge of Americas shook as CWO2 Barbara Lambert of the Army Cobra gunships provided Residents of Fort A mador go through necessary process they crossed the bridge. The APCs 1/228th Aviation Battalion. "It's security. Infantry soldiers and Army photo by Sgt. Thomas Ortiz, Jr.) belonged to the 1/61 Infantry good that they are practicing to see Military Police had setup security in Battalion, 5th Infantry Division where the trouble spots are. As a and around the club. (Mechanized). result of the exercise, they will know In any operation something can go In Balboa, about 18 APCs left the what procedures to improve." awry and this exercise was no column and headed to Fort Amador Lambert and her 10-year-old son different. As the volunteers were to bolster security, while the were evacuated by helicopter. preparing to board the helicopters, remaining force continued to Other evacuees felt the excerise one helicopter broke down. But the Albrook AFS to enhance security. was also a good learning experience. incident turned into an excellent However, the major thrust of the "I wanted to know about how training tool. excerise was at Fort Amador. much luggage to carry, if we could The movement was part of Purple take pets and my car," said Amador Within minutes of notification, the Storm 22, a non-combatant resident Rosanne Gander. Several of Ready Reactionary Platoon of the evacuation operation designed to Gander's neighbors standing nearby 5th Battalion, 87th Infantry was show U.S. military families the had many of the same questions. performing another mission. The United States' commitment and Family members weren't the only platoon crested a golf course hill i abilitiy to protect U.S. life and persons learning. One soldier said as front of the helicopter at a full run property if necessary. a result of the operation, he knew and began securing the area. The The exercise, which involved "more what to expect if this passengers and infantry then waited about 600 troops, also tested troop happened for real." for the other Chinook to return. .dAfter it returned and picked up its readiness and showed U.S. resolve in At the officers' club, family passengers, the soldiers left. They enforcing U.S. forces treaty rights. members were asked what kind of had successfully completed an "We will evacuate Army family transporation they wanted for the unexpected mission. members from Fort Amador to Fort trip to Fort Clayton. Their mode of Clayton by armored personnel travel determined their briefing. At Fort Clayton, the family carrier, landing crafts (LCM-8) However, at each briefing they were members viewed avideo presentation p rovided by the 1097th Transportamanifested, told how they would which explained what to do in real tion Company and CH-47 Chinook board their transportation and given evacuation. Following the helicopters provided by the 1/228th safety instructions. They were also presentation, the 5/87th provided the Aviation Battalion," said Capt. told what to expect at Fort Clayton. participants lunch. After lunch the Christopher Collins, the 193rd One hundred twelve family members Amador residents were bused back Infantry Brigade's assistant were briefed and taken to Fort home. At the end of the excerise, the operations and training officer. Clayton. mechanized infantry returned to Family members weren't surprised Not everyone was happy with their Camp Roadrunner. when soldiers in HMMWVs began transportation. "I'm riding in a tank For us, the exercise was great," broadcasting that those who wished (APC), but I really wanted to ride in a said family member Pat Colbert, Voluntary family members from Fort A mador decend t to participate in the excerise should helicopter," said six-year-old Alex "and really important." PFC A. Scott Lawrence)

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Tropic Times July 26, 1989 / Num to Diablo Heights. (U.S A rmy photo by Sgt. Steve Finley) o A soldier of 1/193rd Infantry Brigade helps a young girl down rugged rocks before boarding a landing craft medium. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Steve Finley) rig before being evacuated during the July 21 exercise. (U.S. Army A 1/61 Infantry Battalion armored personnel carrier on station outside the Fort A mador Officers' Club watches a ship head for the Milaflores Locks. (U.S. Army photo by SFC Cecil Stack) gangplank at Jarman Field, Fort Clayton. (U.S. Army photo by A cobra gunship flies security as volunteers run to board a CH-47 Chinook helicopter. (U.S. A rmy photo by SFC Cecil Stack)

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8 Tropic Times July 26, 1989 HEALTH & NUTRITION by Judith Sheldon Blood Clots & Heart Attacks Lyme Disease Question: Can Retin A replace plastic surgery for wrinkles? Threat Grows Dr. Bellin: Retin A isn't for DEAR DR. LAMB: Three by Judith Sheldon everyone, but for those for whom it months ago, I developed a clot in works, it removes fine facial lines my leg. I recovered very well and LYME DISEASE THREAT basically by peeling away outer have no swelling or other probGROWS: Lyme Disease is now the layers of the skin down to the level lems. The doctor said the danger most infectious new disease second of the wrinkle so it no longer looks was that a clot would go to my only to AIDS, and its spread may like a wrinkle. If you stop using it, lungs. I know this happens, but even threaten our blood supplies. A the wrinkles return. Plastic surgery, why does it go to the lungs new book, "Protect Yourself From with some exceptions, does not instead of the brain to cause a Lyme Disease -The New York remove fine lines or wrinkles; rather, stroke? Isn't a stroke caused by a Medical College Guide to Prevenit removes excess hanging and blood clot in the brain? Can it tion, Diagnosis, and Treatment," by sagging skin. Retin A has no effect cause a heart attack? I underaward-winning medical writer, on that whatsoever. stand that heart attacks are Diana Benzaia, shows how to preQuestion: Is there a difference caused by a blood clot. Ask Dr. Lamb vent infection as well as deal with between silicone and collagen injecDEAR READER: Blood clots are a the disease if it occurs. The book is tions? major factor in a number of illnesfor everyone, especially those who Dr. Bellin: Silicone injections are ses. It is true that the final event that your heart. A blood clot to the lungs freeynepcal hs h r eln iioeijcin r causes a heart attack is usually the is called a pulmonary embolus and it still think Lyme disease doesn't not approved by the Food and Drug formation of a clot over the area is very dangerous. It can be fatal. threaten them. Administration and no reputable where there are fatty-cholesterol A clot can form inside your heart PLASTIC SURGERY UPDATE: doctor will inject silicone these days deposits. That is one of the factors after a heart attack and break loose. The noted New York plastic sur.This (material) can migrate from that makes heart disease so unpreIt can go to the brain, causing a geon, Dr. Howard T. Bellin, answers the injection site and is almost dictable. You can have open coronstroke. Clots can also form on an the following three questions from impossible to remove. (Note: Not to ary arteries and all your tests -artificial heart valye. Clots are our readers: be confused with silicone implants including exercise tests -can be dangerous, but if your blood didn't Question: If I want to look like considered safe for use by doctors.) normal, and a clot can form later, clot properly, you would bleed to Cybill Shepherd, can a plastic surDoctors do use collagen injections causing a sudden blockage of an death. To give you more informageon do that for me? to fill out fine lines and wrinkles. artery. That is why the use of one tion, I'm sending you THE HEALTH Dr. Bellin: No. You can't be made Collagen is a purified protein of the aspirin every other day decreased LET'ER WS30-10, About Blood Clots. to look like anyone else (because) same structural protein as found in the number of heart attacks by half Others who want this issue can send there are -basic characteristics of skin. It's not rejected because the in a recent study. $1 with a long, stamped, selffaces that are absolutely fixed, such protein is denatured so that it's not A clot may also form over a addressed envelope for it to THE as the width of the mouth or the recognized as a foreign substance. fatty-cholesterol deposit in an artery HEALTH LETTER/WS30-10, P.O. distance between the eyes. Without (We'll have more answers from in the brain and cause a stroke. A Box 19622, Irvine, Calif. 92713. major bone surgery -which no one Dr. Bellin in upcoming columns. clot in a leg vein can break loose and The therapeutic challenge to the would do -these characteristics Meanwhile, continue to send quesbe carried by your circulation doctor is to treat you properly to cannot be changed. Even in the tions and comments to me c/o King through your right heart to the lungs. rent d gerous clotth o witness protection programs where Features Weekly Service, 235 East It lodges there because it cant get sfbleedin cs plastic surgery is done and the nose 45th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017.) through the small blood vessels to C 1989 North America Syd. is changed, or the lips made thicker, SMART SNACKING: Unbutreturn to the heart. That keeps these All Rights Reserved (etc.) the person is still recognizable. tered popcorn is only 108 calories clots from getting into your arterial What a plastic surgeon can do. is for two cups -and it's a great-fiber circulation to go to your brain or improve a person's looks. food as well. The Sulli van Sheet T C ho i in ~ B lo k P1990 IS A CLEAN SWEEP FOR dard for coverage of major league T he C hopo B lock -CBS SPORTS baseball. We sought the most recogNeal Pilson, President, CBS nized person in the marketplace, and by Philomena Corradeno Sports, called 1990 "The Dream there isn't any doubt that person is Season," noting that "virtually every Tim." major sports event on American Musburger and McCarver are television will be seen and enjoyed certainly familiar with each other. In CUMIN ORANGE GLAZED SPARERIBS on CBS stations." fact, their careers crossed in the 4 pounds pork spareribs The acquisition of major league Midwest League during the summer Salt and Pepper baseball to join the other major of 1959. Cumin Orange Glaze sports events on the network sche"I can't tell you the exact dates, Cut ribs into serving pieces. Sprinkle both sides with salt and pepper. dule plus the 1992 Winter Olympics but I know we worked several Place on rack in shallow roast pan. Cover loosely with aluminum foil. Bake at Albertville, France "is an exciting games where I was the home plate in preheated 400F. oven one hour or until almost done. Pour off excess fat. and fulfilling reaffirmation of our umpire and Tim was the catcher for Brush Cumin Orange Glaze (recipe follows) on ribs; continue baking 20 network-affiliate partnership." Keokuk," Musburger recalls. While minutes or until throughly cooked. In 1990, he pointed out, the World Brent had a brief career as a minor Series, both League Championship league umpire, McCarver went on to Series, and the All-Star Game will catch for four decades in the major move to CBS, joining "dramatic, leagues. McCarvtr is the only visual and enduring sports propercatcher in the history of major ties" like the National Football league baseball to accomplish this League and the Super Bowl, the feat. National Basketball Association, the When the 1989 National Football NCAA Basketball Championship, League season begins in September, college football, The Masters and Musburger will anchor the Emmy PGA Tour golf, the U.S. Open Tennis Award winning "The NFL Today" for Championships, the World Figure the 15th consecutive season. Since Skating Championships and the joining CBS Sports, Musburger has Daytona 500. also anchored "CBS Sports/Sunday," Veteran broadcasters Brent Musthe late-night US. Open highlights, burger and Tim McCarver will tennis broadcasts, the N.B.A. Finals, form the lead announcer team for the Masters Tournament and the CBS Sport's broadcasts of major Pan American Games. He also league baseball beginning in 1990 serves as a play-by-play announcer according to Pilson. for college football and basketball Musburger has been a member of and NBA Playoffs. the CBS Sports team since 1975 In addition to his ABC duties, when he was named host for "The McCarver is a regular commentator TO GRILL: After oven-baking until almost cooked, remove ribs from NFL Today." McCarver will join CBS for WWOR-TV telecasts on New roast pan brush ribs with Cumin Orange Glaze. Place ribs on grill over hot Sports in December after serving York Mets baseball. This is the coals. Cook 20 minutes or until ribs are thoroughly cooked, brushing with since 1984 as analyst for major seventh year he has served in that glaze as needed. Makes four to six servings. league baseball broadcasts for ABC capacity. CUMIN ORANGE GLAZE Sports. McCarver, born in Memphis, "When we acquired baseball, it Tenn., signed out of high school in I cup orange marmalade was our plan to pair Brent and Tim 1959 with the St. Louis Cardinals. He 1 tablespoon ground cumin as our lead announcer team," said played 12 seasons in St. Louis before 4 teaspoons garlic powder Pilson. "There isn't a better profesmoving to Philadelphia, Montreal 1%/2 teaspoons sat sional in sports broadcasting than and Boston. While McCarver was % cup cider vinegar Brent. His work on the CBS Radio playing in St. Louis for the Cards, the In small saucepan, place marmalade. Stir over low heat until melted. Add 'Baseball Game of the Week' is team won the World Series in 1964 cumin, garlic powder, salt and vinegar. Stir over low heat for three minutes; widely recognized. and 1967. remove from heat. Use a brush-on sauce for spareribs during the last 20 "Tim McCarver is the pre-eminent @ 1989 by King Features Synd. minutes of baking or grilling. Makes about 1%/2 cups. baseball analyst and sets the stan-

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Tropic Times July 26, 1989 lifestyle Book of quotes Montero 's new design to boost sales offerslo~lEs un DETROIT (UPI) -Two more molded in hard plastic. But it wheelbase, 13.6 inches longer than doors and two more cylinders are contains a full array of dial gauges, the two-door models. Overall length sagacity, 1,900added this year to the Montero, a including an inclinometer. This up by 28 inches to 183.1. Curb weight full-sized sport utility vehicle gauge, which looks like a giant is at least 360 pounds more -ranging gem s of wisdoM imported by Japanese carmaker eyeball peering from the center of the to 3,836 for the LS version. SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -Mitsubishi. dash, measures the vehicle's angle On the highway, the Montero LS The four-door Montero V6 enters during off-road maneuvering. has a surprisingly plush ride that is Two authors journeyed into the a rapidly growing field of sport utility Controls for the lights, wipers and well insulated from the road. Its vast wasteland of television and vehicles that have become immensely speed control are directly at hand, massive P235/75R radials on 15-inch returned with 1,900 gems of popular among would-be car buyers mounted on steering column stalks. mssak / the ratils Bn is a wisdom. There's a little horse as their primary mode of But the stereo and ventilation rims soakup thepotholes. Butitstall sense from Mr. Ed, and leave it to transportation. controls are nestled near the gear susceptible to crosswinds. Beaver to add homespun sagacity. The latest glimpse shows the lever and a far reach. A large grab The Montero's new V6 is engine is Words to live by from the boob Montero's competition to include handle is reassuringly placed on the smooth and silent, with an ample tube? newer imported sport utility vehicles passenger's side of the dash. poe resere n g, en whe "It's true, you just have to from Toyota and Isuzu, now offered There is ample leg room and miles power reserve for passing, even when search for them," said Jack with four doors to take advantage of of head room both front and rear. fully loaded for a weekend camping Mingo, who with John Javna the recent U.S. customs ruling The rear seat folds flat, and cargo trip. Owner access to typically wrote "Primetime Proverbs: The exempting them from the stiff tariffs space in the 4-door version is serviced parts like filters, belts and Book of TV Quotes," published levied on two-door versions. increased by more than half to 94.9 plugs is very good. Its power Friday by Harmony Books of New This field also includes some hardy cubic feet if the seat is removed. disci drum brakes remained free York. "No one's ever looked to The 4-door Montero, powered by from fade and well balanced even television for wisdom, but 100 perennials like the Chevrolet a 3.0 liter V6 engine that generates after repeated hard stops. million people can't be wrong." Suburban, Jeep Cherokee and Grand 143 horsepower at 5,000 rpm, is Sandy and rocky terrain proved no The cherished quotes, which the Wagoneer, which have been around indicative of the way such sport problem for the Montero, which authors say already have become for nearly 20 years. Even the pricey utility vehicles are being ordered climbed steep inclines with ease and folklore, came from the mouths of Range Rover, a British built fournowadays. came back down with the Maxwell Smart, Fred Flintstone, wheel-driver reincarnated as a status Starting at $17,099, nearly every surefootedness of a mountain goat. Gilligan and the Skipper, too. symbol in recent years, is included. amenity is standard: fully carpeted The only drawback seemed to be the Among the adages, preserved That makes the pack range in price interior, cloth ssenaa t s full need for a smaller turning radius to for literary posterity under 231 from a low of about $17,000 to nearly instrumentation, A M-FM stereo aid in tight maneuvering. topics, are Archie Bunker's $40,000. cassette, adjustable steering wheel, Shifting into low gear for off-road summation of the Divine: "God Its fuel tank has also been tinted glass, rear defroster, and driving is done without having to get don't make no mistakes. That's expanded to 24.3 gallons, giving the power steering and brakes. out and lock the front hubs, like on how he got to be God." Montero V6 a cruising range of over Also standard is part-time foursome other 4x4 vehicles. Angel Martin of "The Rockford 400 miles. Its overall EPA rating of wheel-drive with automatically Each Montero is covered by a 36 Files": "You can't make one thin about 17 mpg when equipped with locking front hubs. Even an month/36,000 mile comprehensive dime giving people what they the automatic sounds low, but is in adjustable air suspension system warranty and a 36 nonth/50,000 need. You've got to give 'em what fact higher than many vehicles in its under the driver's seat is included, mile engine warranty. Mitsubishi they want." class, similar to those used to cushion hopes to sell about 14,700 Monteros Mork: "One man's ceiling is A Montero LS evaluated for this drivers of large tractor trailers. this year through its network of another man's floor." review cost $19,992, including a $285 At $18,389, the Montero LS adds a nearly 400 U.S. dealers. Ted Baxter of "The Mary Tyler destination fee, which may vary 4-speed automatic transmission with The majority of sales are expected Moore Show": "You know what according to region. Air conditioning electronic overdrive, as well as cruise to be the Montero LS 4-door models makes this country great? You ($810) and alloy wheels ($464) were control, power windows and power similar to the one evaluated. It don't have to be witty or clever, as the only options added. door locks. should be seriously considered by long as you can hire someone who The Montero's dashboard has a All 4-door Montero and Montero buyers contemplating this type of is." utilitarian, modular design, mostly LS models ride a 106.1-inch vehicle. Whitey of "Leave It to Beaver": "You don't need any brains to Quot k quotes grow up; it just happens to ya." fou r omeials wich afre from some of TVs Downey dies in ratings four commercials, which are seemingly already heard often fam ous neonl SECAUCUS, N.J (AP) -never done before and basically enough on the tube itself. .1 Morton Downey Jr. may be down, he's concentrating on that." Those include one by Head and SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -but he's not out. Boggs said 'Downey also is Shoulders shampoo, "You never Following are excerpts from Bill Boggs, executive producer working on a record album and a get a second chance to make a first "Primetime Proverbs: The Book of of "The Morton Downey Jr. nightclub act that is to open next impression," and another by the TV Quotes." Show," confirmed Thursday that month at one of Donald Trump's National Enquirer, "Enquiring "If women dressed for men, the the nationally-syndicated talk Atlantic City casino-hotels. minds want to know." stores wouldn't sell much. Just an show had been canceled, but he "The Morton Downey Jr. Research for the book involved occasional sun visor." -Groucho speculated that it would not be the Show" premiered in the New York hundreds of hours of TV viewing Marx, "You Bet Your Life." end of Downey's career as a talk City area Oct. 19, 1987, and by the two San Francisco Bay area "There is nothing quite so good as show host. quickly attracted attention writers. They also used 112 a burial at sea. It is simple, tidy, and "I think that Downey will be because of Downey's abrasive volunteer viewers, including Jim not very incriminating." -Alfred back and he'll be back strong," style. The show went into national Davidson from the National Hitchcock, "Alfred Hitchcock Boggs said. syndication May 31, 1988. Association for the Advancement Presents." In the meanwhile, he said of Perry Mason, a fan club. "A cardinal rule of politics: Never Downey is busy with a network .The show enjoyed good ratings "The generation that grew up get caught in bed with a live man or a movie deal and other projects. the beginning but began slide with TV in the 'S0s and '60s is at Dall woman. J. wing MCA Television, WWOR-TV incidents involving Downey. the point it has a lot of disposable Dals"of Secaucus and Quatu Media income and that's why there's a lot "When you want something done' Inc join owners ef iahe One of the incidents came in of TV nostalgia coming out on the go to the busy man. He's the one I owners of Mortn May when Downey said "skin market, like this book," said who'll find time to do it." -Jim Downey Jr. Show," said in a heads" clipped his hair and drew Davidson, who also publishes a Anderson, "Father Knows Best." statement that the show's final swastikas on his face during an monthly listing of TV shows from "Love's the only thing in life you've sod was tabe June 3.Te attack in a restroom at a San the '50s. got to earn. Everything else you can show will not be televised after Francisco airport. No arrests were Mingo said television doesn't steal." -Pappy Maverick Sept. 15, which is the end of made and police said they had no deserve its reputation as an "idiot "Maverick." Downey's contract with stations evidence to support Downey's b "Just remember: things are always claim. "It's always been considered a darkest just before they go pitch Downey was filming Thursday But Boggs blamed outside declasse thing to watch a lot of TV, black." -Kelly Robinson, "I Spy." in Toronto, Canada, and could pressures for the show's demise. so people are reluctant to admit "Artists are always ready to not be reached for comment. "I think the basic reason was they get anything good from any sacrifice for art, if the price is right." Boggs said the talk show host was that advertisers abandoned the of it other than by watching a few -Gomez Addams, "The Addams filming a network movie. He show," he said. "We're in a climate hours of public television," he Family." declined to say which network or where advertisers are more said. "But we found many things "All faith must have a little doubt reveal details of the project. concerned than ever about of the sort you'd find from mixed in. Otherwise it's just flabby "He doesn't want to talk about program content. In a way, philosophers, and that you don't sentimentality." -Dr. Loveless, this," Boggs said. "He's in the Downey can be seen as a victim of expect to see in the mass media." "The Wild, Wild West." "Just keep middle of doing something he's that." laughin."' -Bozo, "Bozo's Circus." A

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Tropic Times U July 26, 1989 Lidrink (Tibt 23." 3 Aviary 2.Ignited 33. An~ ore N ir ACROSS 34. Chargefor 6 7 93 25. Sick of iron CPin in4a services -26. Author of 34. Defect boat's guwa le 37. elines "The Pit and 35. River in P T H E R O R I O M EV A R C boat's gunwale. 37. Feline the Pendulum" France 6. Chatter 38. Observe 27. Pig pen 36. Units of E 0 E R E D A C I L E P V A A 11. More 41. A sudden 29. Grazing work L W R A N H R T O L U V N V S infrequent swaying 6 land 38. Warble 12. Native of 43. Eskimo 31. Black39. Comfort I H U E V O W I W A C A M P P Rome boat 2 tailed 40. Pieced out 13. Kind of 45. Debate -.27 gazelle 42. Hint C E T O V O R O B Y R Y A A C shrub 46. Cleanse 44. Middle 14. Conscious of soap -A R V R C E T Y K R T S 15. Cry, as 47. River a cow (Ger.) 33word V O U A D U L E H H R A R A E 16. Beard of 48. Bordered 3 OMVNTENPTORRYRC 18. Garden DOWN 3 0 a n 5 i v C E I L 1 N T 0 W H N U A Y O too 1. Streetcar T H -l1 19. Reptile (Eng.) 43 j y w N C U(N A C 1 L E P)W A S L V 21. Any bodily 2. Circle of f g 5 _L D E 3 disorder light q6 -3 S 0 N A V G C 0 IN D GO UO R G H A 24. Slopes 3. Calendar AI 28. Mine of offices q71 3! !_ -V_ I -,-entrances and feasts C07 1d 29. Guide (R.C. Ch.) 8. Oriental 19. Evil -T TPC --_1 Sph30. Greek letter 4. Sheltered side nurse spirit ureA P Canary sp. 31. Early 5. Business trips 9. Short for 20. Roman 37 >A1 NG sea-going 6. Ill-temCaroline magistrate B C I N jyi W Avia vessel pered, grouchy 10. Leg joint 21. Queen of 32. Rope with person fairies H running knot 7. Humble 17. Method 22. Any fruit 3 Vision Teaser I 1 N 0 Find at least six differences in details between panels. -3 Ca 0RE V0 0 e!5j 8i uu ,9e e -Jep s >oos 9 9 Sjele wS SI SOPUt Q -JQJRJ~p 0s1 s1ued t -4u s SI umbr -v pe-OA s! PuSH L :sOOUJ8JPJO 1. Name the pitcher who had the * nickname, "Blue Moon." Phum ble 1 2. Which two leagues merged in 1949 to form the National Basketball 7 Association? i3. T A A Whr t s n g pitcher led the ~~ fllA)Yb1PO~O F American League last season in fewest walks per nine innings? 4. Name the only team in the NBA NAT to lose to the LA. Lakers during the 1983-84 regular season, only to win A VAY the NBA title from them that year. 5. How many times in the '80s have the Lakers won championships? a6n 6. Who was the MVP in the NBA championship in the 1980-81 season? 7. How many times have the -.University of Texas Longhorns won Betty Boop & Friends baseball championship? 8. In 1973, name the San Diego IF A WHATP "THE SOU'S Padre who went directly to the APPROACHES IT OF SELFmajor leagues after the college ME I JUST TURN CALLEPi2 PEFENSE" ON THIS PRESports Oz Answers I9ECORPFV? TAPG '-QP os S-1niaq ?.,>I Aq 6861 0 I /-' PIa1t1ulA AeG -8 safi .mnoj 'L '113 )UpaD *9 aZAI,4 9 s)j~l[40 If ILA ~ uosog I'81161 -V !ssulutn auu y-l rdd .P ay I' C ij pal?_Katu vzuainly Jo uo!Jma!osSV 000lal* g uopo uqof -1 REPUDIATION L ET' STA RT Tme &AM I AERE COME5 From the above word, find at least WIATARE Wa WAIIN& oup IMP A s 20 five-or-more-letter words within !a three-minute time frame. C POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS ; uzvd U0ID -. djajund auoid 0110d 9 paw p vdai .admvp paisun agiid apog1 .1pun aiU! apujd 0uitdai apn-at aunad -iawvivd apoaq apnid

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Tropic Times July 26, 1989 Foreman still strong at 40 Cleveland's Mack Later that year, fight rules in pleads innocent Ex-heavyweight boxing champ Oregon was changed and the State to cocaine charges Boxing and Wrestling Commission continues on road to comeback formed. There have been only two professional fights in the state since CLEVELAND (UPI)--Cleveland EUGENE, Ore. (UPI) -Former Danner said Foreman's opponent as then. Browns running back Kevin Mack world heavyweight champion well as other boxers on the card must The new rules require more pleadedinnocentTuesday to cocaine George Foreman will continue his be approved by the USA Cable comprehensive physical examinatrafficking charges, and his lawyer 1) oingcomeackn Egeneon ug.predicted he would not come to trial boxing comeback in Eugene on Aug. Network, Foreman's promotor, and tions of boxers, better documentauntil after the football season ends. 17 in a fight to be televised on the Oregon Boxing Commission. tion of their records, and more national cable television, officials He said one likely boxer is extensive licensing requirements for Mack, a two-time Pro Bowl said Monday. Canadian Olympic team member promoters. selection, was arrested June 28 while The 40-year-old boxer is expected Laurie Mann of Prince George, sitting in a car in one of the city's to fight in a 10-round main event British Columbia. Others include Knoll said the Foreman fight has most notorious narcotics areas. He outdoors at Bond Sport Complex, a David Bey of Philadelphia, Stefan been in the planning stages for about was indicted July 10 on four counts softball park. But his opponent Tangstad of Denmark, Art Tucker six months and he has received -possession of cocaine, sale or hasn't been named said complex from New Jersey and Jim Ashard of tentatiave approval for a promoter's resale of cocaine, aggravated drug manager Don Knoll. Newport, Ore. license. trafficking and possession of Foreman returned to the ring two Tucker is a 6-6 heavyweight Foreman knocked out Joe Frazier criminaltools -and could face up to years ago after taking 10 years off. He claiming a 16-0 record. Ashard has a to win the heavyweight title in 20 years in prison if convicted. is undefeated in 19 bouts, including a 15-5-3 record and fought a 10-round January 1973. He then lost it by a Mack said nothing at the decision over Everett "Big Foot" draw against former heavywight knockout to Muhammad Ali in Zaire arraignment in Cuyahoga County Martin in Tuscon July 20. Leon Spinks on Aug. 29, 1987. It was in October 1974. He had a 64-2 Common Pleas Court. His innocent Eugene boxing promoter Ritch Ashard's last fight. record before he quit for 10 years. plea was entered by his attorney, Gerald Gold, one of the city's top criminal lawyers. Oxygen dopers fooling themselves Bond for Mack, who entered a drug rehabilitation program at the by Rob Stein exhausted. During the rest period "In conclusion 100 percent Cleveland Clinic Foundation after BOSTON (UPI) -Athletes who they breathed room air or pure oxygen when applied for brief his arrest, was continued at $2,500 inhale pure oxygen to enhance their oxygen without knowing which gas periods during recovery from Richa McMonagne. performance are apparently fooling they were getting. The players exhaustive exercise could not be themselves, a new study concluded repeated the exercise a second time, shown to hasten recovery or improve Gold said it was a "pretty good" last week. this time getting whatever they did subsequent exercise performance," possibility Mack would not go to "My study would imply that it not get the first time. the researchers wrote. trial until after the NFL season ends doesn't help," said Dr. F. David The researchers, however, said in January. "It wouldn't be unusual Winter Jr. of the Baylor University they doubted the practice would be for any case being arraigned today Medical Center in Dallas. "It must be 'Although the procedure abandoned because players' are not to go to trial until after Jan.' 1" a placebo effect." convinced it helps and there is no He also said he understood the Previous studies produced mixed is not likely to b known health hazard from breathing NFL would not take any action results about the usefulness of harmful, it is totally pure oxygen. against Mack until after the trial inhaling pure oxygen for improving .e But in an editorial accompanying ends. athletic performance. _ie__Ctual. the report, scientists form the Asked about Mack's progress in The practice, used most commonly Institute for Aerobics Research in the rehabilitation program, Gold by professional football players, When the researchers compared Dallas said the study "convincingly said,"It'sgoingvery well. He'sdueto gained popularity in the belief that how the athletes performed each demonstrated" that oxygen use was get out of it the 28th (of July). We raising the level of oxegen in the time, they found no difference of no benefit. fully expect him to go to London." blood would enhance delivery of between whether they had breathed The Browns play the Philadelphia oxygen to working muscles. 100 percent oxygen or bottled room "Athletic team physicians and Eagles in at exhibition game at To test that, Winter and his air. others in a position to advise athletes Wembley Stadium on Ang.6, leaving colleagues enlisted 12 members of the The researchers also found no and coaches should recommend WCInleland July 30. Dallas Sidekicks, a professional difference in the amount of a against inhalation of 100 percent indoor soccer team for which Winter substance in their blood known as oxygen during recovery periods in Gold said Mack 6ad been working consults, in a study published in the lactate, which indicates how much athletic contests," they said. lit every day, noting the Journal of the American Medical oxygen is getting to the muscles. "Athough the procedure is not rehabilitationcenterisjustfnefloor Association. "In addition, the athletes likely to be harmful, it is totally above the clinic's sports medicine The players ran on a treadmill until themselves were unable to accurately ineffectual in enhancing the recovery center. they were exhausted, rested for four determine which gas they had from exercise or in improving "He wasn't addicted to cocauie," minutes and ran again until they were inhaled. subsequent performance," they said. Gold said. "He did use cocaine Canseco gun trial delayed 'til Aug. SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) -A court hearing for Oakland A's slugger Jose Canseco on gun possession charges was postponed while lawyers sought to work out a settlement in the case. Canseco was excused from appearing Monday. He was represented by Los Angeles lawyer Robert Shapiro as the hearing was delayed until Aug. 18. Assistant District Attorney Gregg Lowder said he and Canseco's lawyer have an "agreement in principal," but have yet to finalize it. Shapiro said outside court that Canseco is willing to enter a plea of no contest to a misdemeanor charge. Canseco was arrested April 21 for having a loaded pistol in his sports car, which was parked at the University of California at San Francisco. He was charged with felony Tour De LeMond,-A merican bicyclist Greg LeMond sprints to the finish in the French A lps during the Tour de possession of a weapon on state France. LeMond went on to beat Frenchman Laurent Fignon in the final stage of the race to claim the overall pro pert y and mis demean o r victory by eight seconds. It was LeMond's second Tour victory and the closest contest ever in the Tour's history. possession of a loaded firearm in a (AP Laserphoto) vehicle.

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12Tropic Times July 26, 1989 B-52 bomber explodes; 1 dead, 11 injured SAN ANTONIO (UPI) -A B-52 The witnesses said the hulking 52H, of which a combined total of The troubled B-I bomber, with its bomber caught fire and exploded bomber was resting about 50 yards 295 were built by Boeing Co. Air crew of four, was designed to replace during refueling at Kelly Air Force from a hangar Air Force officials Force officials said the jet that the larger B-52. Both have been Base, killing one civilian worker and described as the world's largest, but burned Monday was a B-52G, of overshadowed by the publicity injuring I1 others, Air Force officials the hangar did not appear to be which 193 were manufactured. surrounding the recently unveiled Bsaid Tuesday. damaged. The B-52G has eight jet engines 2 Stealth bomber, at $532 million Witnesses said the explosion at DuPriest said a team of experts and carries a crew of six. According each the most expensive warplane 10:35 p.m. Monday sent a giant was examining the wreckage in an to the authoratative Jane's All the ever built. fireball into the night sky, rattled effort to determine what caused the World's Aircraft, the B-52G can be The Stealth is designed to be alownearby base housing and showered explosion. equipped with as many as 20 Boeing level penetration bomber that could debris as far as a mile away. The B-52 has been the backbone of AGM-69 SRAM short-range attack enter the Soviet Union after a Soviet Air Force spokesman Gary the Air Force's strategic bomber fleet missiles, plus nuclear free-fall nuclear strike on the United States, DuPriest said the explosion killed since the 1950s. Most recently, the bombs. Some B-52Gs were being and roam undetected while seeking civilian worker Jesus Pedraza, 38, two types of B-52s in squadron modified to carry AGM-86 cruise out remaining mobile missiles and and injured 11 other civilian workers service have been the B-52G and Bmissiles. command centers. who made up a 12-man crew employed by the Air Force Logistics JTF-Panama holds exercise at Gorgas Command.JT PaaahlseecsatGrs The most-critically injured were QUARRY HEIGHTS (USSOUTHhospital complex is the responsibility Southern Command's Army Herman Morris, who was in serious COM PAO) -U.S. Marine Corps of the U.S. forces, and external component -is a temporary condition Tuesday at the bur unit at and Army units from Joint Task security is the responsibility of the headquarters established to Brooke Army Medical Center at Force Panama conducted a training Panama Defense Forces. command and control the security nearby Fort Sam Houston. Three operation Saturday morning to Joint Task Force Panama -activities and training of the men were in fair condition at secure the Gorgas Army Community commanded by the commanding augmentation forces deployed to Lackland Air Force Base and seven Hospital. The operation was general of U.S. Army South, U.S. Panama in 1988 and. May 1989. other workers were treated for minor designed to exercise troop readiness injuries at Kelly or Lackland and and movement capabilities. released. The exercise, which began about DuPriest said the B-52had been at 10 a.m., involved U.S. Army Kelly for more than three months for helicopters transporting .Marines to maintenance and was to be flown to Gorgas Army Hospital where they Barksdale Air Force Base near descended onto the roof of one of the Shreveport, La. He did not know hospital's buildings by fast rope when the jet was scheduled to fly to descent and then quickly established Barksdale. perimeter security. The exercise Officials said the crew was in the lasted about two hours and involved process of refueling the bomber, and about a hundred troops. a hose was connected to the jet's fuel As part of the exercise, some of the tank at the time of the explosion. Marine troops were transported DuPriest said "there was nothing across the Bridge of the Americas to explosive on board." Gorgas Hospital in six of their Light Witnesses said the wreckage of the Armored Vehicles (LAV's) midjet, which was smoldering and being morning. Eighteen of the eightdoused by firefighters early Tuesday, wheeled armo red vehicles were was in at least four pieces. The wings deployed to Panama along with a were on the ground and the cockpit Marine Corps light armored infantry was blown apart from the rest of the company from Camp LeJeune, N.C., craft. in May as part of the augmentation "The only things damaged were forces ordered to Panama by the plane, the truck that was President Bush. refueling it and a power cart nearby Gorgas Army Hospital is located (used to transport people and in the Panama Canal area on one side equipment)," DuPriest said. of Ancon Hill near Quarry Heights Authorities said the worker who and part of Panama City. As a died was inside the bomber's cockpit Military Area of Coordination, so Marines rappelfrom a Black Hawk helicopter onto the roof of the Gorgas testing gauges, a routine part of the designated by Panama Canal Treaty Army Hospital during an exercise Saturday. (U.S. Army photo by MSgt. jet's refueling procedure. documents, internal security of the Larry Dumas) DignityBattaionblocksroad Asian talks begi' exting"ish the blaze. "What I've 4_ heard is that they're going to let it PANAMA CITY, Panama annulment of elections in Panama by United Press International burn out, but it's going to be (Reuter) -Members of Panama's May 10. LA CELLE-SAINT-CLOUD, another 24 to 36 hours," said civilian militia briefly blocked the France -Frech Foreign Minister Mark Siler, a Saginaw County entrance to a U.S. airbase Friday c l Roland Dumas, declaring "the Sher t, s deputy. protest at an evacuation exercise OA S s f e "staged by the U. S. garrison which the hour of pce has come,"opened a Walesa nixes post demonstrators called a provocation. pJ elcto round-table meeting of Camnw R ee d bodia's four warring factions WARSAW -Solidarity leader "We have come peacefully to Tuesday as a prelude to an LechWalesa,inaradiointerview protest against the excessive PANAMA CITY, Panama international peace conference on aired Tuesday, effectively displacement of North American (Reuter) -Panamanian opposition the divided Asian nation. But an dismissed the idea of Solidarity troops which puts at risk the lives of leader Guillermo Endara Friday earlier, informal meeting found entering the government and hundreds of Panamanian civilians," accused the Organization of the faction leaders bitterly divided suggested it will establish a Benjamin Colamarco, commander American States (OAS) of falling on key issues. shadow cabinet in opposition. of Panama's Dignity Battalions, told into a trap set by military leader Gen. reporters outside the Howard Manuel Noriega by calling for new Desegregation ends Miners go to work airbase. elections in Panama. JACKSON, Miss. -A MOSCOW -Tens of The 20-minute protest involving "The opposition does not agree sweeping ruling by U.S. District thousands of miners returned to nearly 100 members of the militia set with this idea of new elections. Judge Wiliam H.Barbour Jr. will work in the Ukrainian Donbass up by Panamanian strongman Elections already took place and the consolidate Natchez' two high region Tuesday, ending a costly General Manuel Antonio Noriega to Panamanian people made its schools and end two decades of eight-day strikeintheheartlandof guard against U.S. military choice," the former opposition almost total segregation in the Soviet coal production, a local intervention followed a U.S. presidential candidate told a news Natcbez-.Adis County school coal official said. Southern Command exercise to test conference. -dyits readiness to evacuate American The OAS, which held a meeting on system. Japanese seek PM civilians from Panama. Panama in Washington on Evacuees returning TOKYO -The riing Liberal Colamarco said the exercise Thursday, called for new elections to FREELAND, Mich. -Democratic Party Tuesday called "violated Panamanian territory, our replace those annulled by the Thousands of people evacuated -for an extraordinary party-wide sovereignty and the integrity of Panama government and for a after a train carrying toxic vote to choose a successor to Panama." transfer of power Sept. 1. derailed Saturday and Prime MinIster Sousuke Uno, The exercise is the latest in a series The 31-nation body did not chemicals eradled announced he is resigning to of what the Panamanians call specifically urge Noriega to resign. homes fary Tuesday as officials accept blame for a stuffing provocative maneuvers staged since Endara said the opposition felt no said it would take another day to parliamentary election defeat. president renfordered he U.S. oblation to comply with the AS garrsonreifored flloingthe resolution.