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The tropic times

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Title:
The tropic times
Creator:
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
United States -- Army. -- Southern Command
Place of Publication:
Quarry Heights Republic of Panama
Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama
Publisher:
United States Southern Command
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Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 43 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Military bases, American -- Newspapers -- Panama -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- Newspapers -- United States -- Panama ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Canal Zone

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 5, 1988)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Repeated number, vol. 2, no. 45, for Dec. 11 and Dec. 15, 1989.
Issuing Body:
"Published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of the Director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command."
General Note:
"This authorized unofficial command information publication is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas."
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 10, no. 41 (Oct. 24, 1997).

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105
Resource Identifier:
21092434 ( OCLC )
2007240275 ( LCCN )

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Gift of the Panama Canal Museum






*ithe Tropic Times


Vol. I, No. 43 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Nov. 21, 1988



B-1B bomber crashes; crew lands safely


RAPID CITY, S.D. (AP) - A B-
1B bomber crashed and burned on a
runway at Ellsworth Air Force Base
in the second accident involving one
of the long-range strategic jets in nine
days, officials said Friday. The crew
of four parachuted to safety.
A police officer said the $280
million plane, which was reported to
have crashed in a landing attempt
about 10:40 p.m. Thursday, may
have come in too low and hit a utility
pole. A witness said an engine was on
fire before the crash.
The crew ejected from the plane,
officials said. One crew member may
have suffered a minor concussion
and another had a possible back
injury, said Sgt. Tony Evans, a base
spokesman. The other crew members
were unharmed, he said.
Ellsworth spokesman Maj. Joseph
B. Saxon said at the base on Rapid
City's eastern edge that the cause of
the crash was not immediately
known. The plane was on a routine
training flight, the Air Force said.
Maj. Temple Black in Washington
said a board of officers will be
convened to investigate. He
speculated that weather might have
been a factor. The Rapid City
Journal reported fog and visibility of
a half-mile at the time of the crash.
The crash came two days after
officials reported that the Air Force
had inspected and cleared more than
two-thirds of the 98 B-1B bombers,


which were grounded following a
crash Nov. 8 that destroyed one pf
the planes in Texas.


The crash was the fourth in the
four years since the United States
began flying B-l aircraft, the nation's


CONGRA TULA TIONS - A1C Fernando Reynoso, groundradio operator
at the 1978th Communications Group's SITFA Station, talks to an
Ecuadorian A ir Force operator. SITFA is the spanish-acronym for thelnter-
American Telecommunications System of theA irForces. The group operates
the net control station. Reynoso was recently selectedforpromotion below-
the-zone to the rank of senior airman. (U.S. Air Forcephoto by TSgt. Rafael
E. Petiton)


first new long-range bomber in more
than 25 years.
The long-range bomber built by
Rockwell International is designed
to fly at high speed and low altitude
and deliver nuclear weapons.
Asked Friday whether the bomber
was carrying nuclear weapons, Evans
said it is Air Force policy to- neither
confirm nor deny their presence
anywhere.
Todd Heinle, a police officer in
nearby Box Elder, said that it was
cloudy at the time of the crash and
that he did not notice any fog. He aid
he was a half-mile to a mile away and
heard the plane make a "weird
noise."
"It almost sounded like the plane
was trying to increase in power," he
said. He said he and a fellow officer
saw the wings tilt one way and then
the other, then the lights in the plane
went out.
Lt. Col. George H. Peck, a
Strategic Air Command spokesman,
said Tuesday that 63 of the 85 B-1Bs
at SAC bases had been inspected
without any problems detected.
The Air Force has been criticized
for its handling of the B-IB program,
primarily because of acknowledged
.problems in developing its radar-
jamming gear. The service insists the
plane is the best long-range bomber
in the world.


Carter contacts Khomeini; seeks release of hostages


ATLANTA (UPI) -- Former
President Jimmy Carter sent a letter
to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in
October seeking the cooperation of


Iran's spiritual leader in the release of
American hostages in Lebanon, a
Carter spokeswoman confirmed
Saturday.


Biaggi gets 8-year sentence


for his Wedtech connection


NEW YORK (UPI) - Mario
Biaggi, forced out of Congress by
two corruption convictions, was
sentenced to eight years in prison
Friday for his role in the Wedtech
bribery scandal.
Biaggi, once a highly decorated
New York policeman, wept openly as
Judge Constance Baker Motley read
the sentence in U.S. District Court.
"I died a little bit every day during
the trial," Biaggi, 71, said in a choked
voice moments before the verdict was
announced.
"I think incarceration will be the
equivalent of a death penalty,"
Biaggi said.
Biaggi, who claimed he was
penniless, also was ordered to pay
$246,000 in fines. He could have been
sentenced to up to 146 years in prison
and fined $7.4 million for the
Wedtech conviction.
The prison term will be served
concurrently with a 2 1/2-year term
for which he was sentenced in
Brooklyn federal court for accepting
an illegal gratuity.
Biaggi, who served 10 terms in
Congress, pleaded with the judge to
show mercy for his son, Richard, one
of five others convicted and facing


sentencing today in the case.
Biaggi, whose conspicious limp
traces back to his heroic exploits as a
highly decorated New York City
police officer, left office Aug. 5 to
press appeals of both convictions.
Despite his convictions, the
popular Bronx Democrat received
36,121 votes - 29 percent of the 19th
Congressional District total - in the
November general election.
Biaggi was convicted of receiving
$1.8 million in stock in return for his
help in getting Wedtech government
defense contracts. Altogether he was
convicted of 15 federal counts,
including racketeering, extortion
and taking bribes.
Biaggi struggled to the courtroom
lectern to proclaim his innocence and
beg for the judge's mercy.
"All my life I served in public
service," said Biaggi, who is still New
York's most highly decorated former
police officer. "I loved to be loved (by
the public). I loved to love them.
"I'm innocent. Within 24 hours (of
the second conviction) I resigned," he
said with a heaving sigh, his hands
outstretched. ... With that
resignation, your honor, my life as I
knew it was over."


"The (lack of the) release of the
American hostages is a major
obstacle in the way of resuming
friendly relations between Iran and
the United States of America which
is of vital importance for both
countries," Carter said in the
handwritten message dated Oct. 30.
Iran's official Islamic Republic
News Agency said Saturday the letter
was translated into the Iranian
language of Farsi and made public in
Iran Saturday by Khomeini's son,
Ahmad.
Carter issued a statement through
a spokeswoman in Atlanta
confirming he had sent the letter after
IRNA reported its contents.
"In my note, I was responding to
an initiative from Iran," Carter said
from his home in Plains, Ga., "My
purpose was to obtain the release of
David Rabhan, a friend of mine who
has been imprisoned in Iran for
almost nine years. My hope is that in
the name of justice and humanity,
Iran will use its influence to
encourage the releaseof all American
hostages by working through normal
channels."
Rabhan was Carter's personal
pilot when the former president was
Georgia governor in 1971-1975,
Carter spokeswoman Carrie
Harmon said.
The IRNA dispatch said Carter's
letter included a footnote asking for
the release of Rabhan, but gave no
details of his imprisonment.
The official Iranian news agency,
in a dispatch received in London,
said Khomeini denied that Iran has


links with the people holding nine
Americans hostage in Lebanon.
In the letter,Carter said a private
foundation he heads "was ready to
help (Iran) in any proper way" in
order to win release of the hostages,
IRNA said.
Ahmad Khomeini said the letter
appeared to suggest that Washington
was ready to resume ties with Tehran
but that the issue of American
hostages held in Lebanon was an
impediment, IRNA said.
"As I have said many times, the
Imam (Khomeini) was quoted as
saying relations between Iran and
America is one between a wolf and
sheep and there can be no
reconciliation between the two,"
Amhad Khomeini said, according to
the IRNA dispatch.



No Tropic Times

Friday edition

COROZAL (Tropic Times) --
Due to the Thanksgiving Day
holiday, the Tropic Times will not
be published Friday.
Instead, a combined Friday and
Wednesday edition, including the
movie schedule, club calendar,
and TV guide, will be published
Wednesday.
Normal publication of the
Tropic Times will be resumed
Monday.









2 Tropic Times
Nov. 21, 1988


1I world roundup


German parliament head loses job after speech


BONN, West Germany (UPI) --
Phillip Jenninger gave the wrong
speech on the wrong day to the
wrong audience.
His insensitive invoking of the ugly
ghosts of the Nazi past that still
haunt Germans cost him his job last
week as President of Parliament and
tarnished the commemoration of the
50th anniversary of Kristallnachi,
when Hitler's stormtroopers burned
Jewish homes and synogagues in a
prelude to the Holocaust.
The 519 members of Parliament
and the guests, including Jewish
leaders, expected a speech that would


MANILA, Philippines (UPI) -
Nearly three-fourths of the Filipinos
surveyed in a poll released last week
favor keeping strategic U.S. military
bases in their country and give
President Corazon Aquino high
marks of approval.
The opinion poll was conducted in
August by the Ateneo University,
which is run by the Jesuit Order of
the Roman Catholic Church.
The survey of 1,200 Filipinos of
voting age represented a cross
section of Philippine society, the.
Rev. Joaquin Bernas, the university's
president, said in releasing its results.
In the poll, 74 percent of those
surveyed want to retain the
American military bases in the
Philippines beyond 1991, when a
bilateral treaty governing the
facilities expires.
The survey also shows that Aquino
enjoys widespread popularity, with
an approval rating of 73 percent, two


crown a week of national atonement
for Hitler's atrocities.
They got something else.
After spending three weeks doing
library research, Jenninger told the
stunned audience in a 40-minute
speech that Hitler had restored
national pride for the Germans. The
56-year-old politician also expressed
fascination over the dictator's
triumphal road to power.
It sounded at times like a Nazi-era
speech, not an address by respected
public figure who, 50 years later, was
trying to reconcile himself with his
country's gruesome past.


years after she took power in a
civilian-backed military revolt that
ousted dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
Eighteen percent of the poll
participants wanted the removal at
the "earliest time possible" of Clark
Air Base and Subic Bay Naval
Station - the largest U.S. overseas
military facilities. Six percent were
undecided.
The survey showed that 57 percent
agreed with the specific statement:
"The bases should be retained
beyond 1991 because under the
present agreement the Philippines
already has large benefits from the
United States."
The United States last month
agreed to give the Philippines $962
million during the final two years of
the 1947 bases agreement, a
substantial increase from the $180
million Manila currently receives in
annual U.S. aid.
"This implies that the U.S. bases


Jenninger stumbled when he failed
to distance himself from the racist
words he used to describe the events
that led to the killing of 6 million
Jews.
"Did the Jews not assume a role
that was inappropriate for them?"
Jenninger asked as infuriated
deputies, some of them crying,
walked out. "Did they not perhaps
deserve to be put in their place?"
It appeared that Jenninger was
glorifying Hitler while calling the
victims "Jewish subhumans."
Jenninger somehow became so
engrossed with Germans'enthusiasm


have been and will continue to be a
pocketbook issue," said Alan Ortiz,
an economics professor at the
university. "This survey's view of the
bases' future in the Philippines was
consistent with most independent
surveys conducted on the
controversial issues.
The most recent poll also has 49
percent of the participants
supporting the government's efforts
to recover Marcos' alleged ill-gotten
wealth and 79 percent approving of
the military's general handling of
national security, including the 19-
Communist insurgency.
Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos,
who has crushed five coup attempts
against 'Aquino, received a
popularity rating of 79 percent, the
second-highest mark after that of the
president.
But the survey indicated that
Filipinos generally hold their
lawmakers in low regard.


for Hitler five decades ago that he
failed to realize the insensitivity of
depicting that mood on such an
occasion.
Jenninger also did not foresee how
his words laid him open to
accusations that he agreed with
Hitler's anti-Semitic sentiments.
Trying to explain later why things
went wrong, Jenninger said, "I have
probably been working too long and
too intensely on the subject."
Though he resigned as parliament
president, West Germany's agony in
trying to deal with its past remains.
"He made the mistake of telling the
truth, meaning that he gave very
realistic rendition of how the
majority of Germans felt in the '30s,"
said Josef Joffe, foreign editor of the
Munich-based newspaper Sued-
deutche Zeitung. "Hitler didn't come
out of nowhere."
Bonn businessman Per Reul, 41,
added, "What he said about the
Germans was true, but he said it at
the wrong time and to the wrong
audience on a day when the whole
world was watching Germany."
Lawmakers acknowledged that
most Germans supported Hitler in
the early 1930s. But they said
Jenninger's speech was full of
historical misconceptions, including
the recurrent one that nobody could
have known in 1933, when Hitler
rode to power on a wave of anti-
Semitism, what his plans for the Jews
were. Hitler wrote extensively on the
subject before he gained power.
Media expressed concern that the
scandal would give the world the
wrong image of modern West
Germany.


Jewish orthodox voters may hold key to forming next government in Israel


JERUSALEM (UPI) - Israeli
voters were ambivalent about the
Palestinians, the key issue in the
country's election campaign, but
they may well have given zealots
seeking a religious Jewish state the
means to achieve more of their
demands.
By rebuffing both major parties in
last week's election, voters failed to
provide a mandate on the 21-year-
old Israeli occupation of the West
Bank and Gaza Strip, which
Palestinians want as the basis for an
independent state.
Instead, the orthodox religious
parties, which advocate strict
observance of Jewish scripture, made
a surprisingly strong showing and
hold the key to forming the next
government, most likely in coalition
with Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir's right-wing Likud Party.
The religious parties, which gained
five more seats to bring their total to
18, profited from voters unhappiness
with both major political groupings,
Likud and the center-left Labor
Party.
Both major parties suffered losses
in the 12-seat Knesset, or parliament.
Thirteen minor parties covering a
broad political spectrum won a
combined total of 43 seats, compared


with 39 for Likud and 38 for Labor,
headed by Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres.
"The religious parties are going to
present tough demands, and they will
do so simply because they feel they
have the power to demand," said
Eitan Gilboa, a political science
professor at Hebrew University.
Their demands include establish-
ment of Jewish law as the legal
foundation of Israel, such as
mandatory observation of the Jewish
Sabbath and stricter interpretation
of laws defining who is a Jew. The
religious parties would recognized
conversions only by orthodox
rabbis, a move strongly opposed by
North American reform and
conservative Jews.
The election results left little doubt
that Shamir and his Likud Party will
lead the next government. But
Shamir will be faced with controlling
a coalition with wildly different
agendas and at the same time
pursuing his own party's policies.
For example, the right-wing
Moledet Party, which won two seats,
said it would support a Likud
coalition only if a referendum was
held on its single campaign issue of
expelling all Arabs from the
occupied territories.


"It's not going to be a highly stable
government," Gilboa said. "The
potential for friction is great."
The photo finish of Labor and
Likud and the absence of any
dramatic shift between the left and
the right blocs showed that Israelis
remained divided, if not paralyzed,
about the occupation of the West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
Although the issues of security and
peace dominated the campaign, the
electorate did not choose Likud's
plans for a dramatic increase in
Jewish settlement.in the West Bank
over Labor's call for a partial
withdrawal to be negotiated at an
international peace conference.
Nor did voters, reacting to the
nearly 11-month-old Palestinian
uprising in the territories and recent
attacks against Israeli civilians,
swing dramatically to the right.
Instead some voters moved away
from the center parties to the fringes
on the left and right.
The effect the religious parties may
have on Likud policy in the
territories was uncertain. Of the four,
only the National Religious Party,
which won five seats, is strongly
nationalist and backs increased
settlement.


In past elections, the religious
parties have allied themselves with
Likud, but have exacted large
concessions, such as increased
funding for their schools and army
exemptions for religious students.
"Next week Israel will become
some combination of democracy and
theocracy," said Shevak Weiss, a
Labor Party member of Knesset.



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Commander-in-Chief ............. Gen. Fred F. Woerner Assistant NCOIC ................ SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication
Director, Public Affairs.......... Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff.................. SSgt. Laurie Scott-Keller is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is
Executive Editor/NCOIC .......... SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Spec.Monique Chere published in conjunction with the Armed Forces Information
Managing Editor ........................... Colin Hale SrA. John Stricklin Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of
Composing Room .................... Rosemary Chong the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command.
'A opCarolyn Coffey Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view
of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense or the U.S.
h e T roc Ts Southern Command. The address is: APO Miami, 34002,
Albrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.


Filipinos surveyedfavor keeping U.S. military bases








Tropic Times
Nov. 21, 1988


hemisphere



Colombian cartels export drugs thru Ecuador


QUITO, Ecuador (Reuters) -
Colombian drug traffickers are
enjoying success exporting cocaine
through Ecuador even though local
authorities are said to be winning the
war against production and
processing of the illicit drug.
A U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency
officer in Ecuador, John Powell, said
that he expected between 30 and 50
tons of cocaine, mostly from
Colombia, to pass through Ecuador
this year on its way abroad.
Drug officials said that Colombian
drug traffickers use Ecuador as a
transshipment point to export
cocaine to the United States, Europe,
Asia and Australia, sometimes
benefitting from the lack of
knowledge of foreign customs
officials.
"Many people abroad have no idea
where Ecuador is," Powell said.
"Some think it is in Africa and do not
relate it to drug trafficking."
He said that if a foreign customs
official is greeted by shipments of
flowers from, for instance, Ecuador,
Colombia and Peru, he is likely to
search the Colombian and Peruvian


cargoes for drugs and ignore
Ecuador's.
Colombian drug traffickers, who
supply about 80 percent of the
cocaine consumed in the United
States, also benefit from Ecuador's
location next door and the ease with
which fellow Andean citizens can
pass between the two countries.
According to the latest available
figures from the U.S. National
Household Survey on Drug Abuse,
72.3 tons of cocaine were used in the
United States in 1985.
Gustavo Gallegos, head of
Interpol in Ecuador, said in an
interview that discoveries of cocaine
shipments from Ecuador often had
leads back to Colombian citizens.
"I cannot say for sure that the
Medellin and Cali cartels are
operating in Ecuador but I do know
that the discovered shipments have
been large enough only to come from
Colombia," he said. He was referring
to two rival drug gangs that export
most of Colombia's cocaine.
After some big cocaine busts,
Interpol traced the ownerships of the
Ecuadorean companies that


exported the drug, hidden in legal
shipments, to Colombian
shareholders and Colombian
directors.
"When we invade the premises of
the export company, they (drug
traffickers) have vanished," said
Gallegos.
Among the biggest drug hauls this
year, U.S. authorities discovered on
Long Island, N.Y., on June 30 a
shipment of 5,129 pounds of cocaine
hidden in a chocolate shipment from
Ecuador. The drug seizure was the
largest ever made by U.S. authorities
outside of Florida.
In another haul, federal agents in
Port Everglades discovered 2,860
pounds of cocaine in a shipment of
frozen food concentrate from
Ecuador in April.
Drug officials said there had been
few big drug seizures in Ecuador
because local authorities had limited
resources for surveillance and it often
was better to wait until the drugs
reached their destination, where the
judicial system was more efficient.
However, drug officials said they
were winning the war against cocaine


production and processing in
Ecuador.
Gallegos said that Interpol and the
DEA had almost wiped out all
Ecuador's coca plantations, echoing
comments of former President Leon
Febres Cordero, who said a
televised speech in May that Ecuador
was among the most successful
countries in the fight against the
production of illicit drugs.
The new government of President
Rodrigo Borja, which took office
Aug. 10, has declared an all-out fight
against drug trafficking.
"The government declares war to
the death on drug trafficking,"
Interior Minister Andres Vallejo said
days after the inauguration of Borja.
One U.S. official commented:
"The Ecuadorean government over
the last four years has had almost
total success in readicating coca
cultivations in Ecuador and the
current government is continuing to
support this policy.
"Whenever they find coca plants,
they pull them up," the official
added.


Chilean elections may signal economic changes


SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Last
month's plebiscite rejection of
President Augusto Pinochet may
signal changes in the economic
policies of Chile, whose good credit
record and conservative debt
strategy have won it the favor of the
world' s financial community.
The Chilean opposition, which has
criticized the military government
for not seeking enough concessions
on the nation's $18 billion foreign
debt, is hinting at changes it would
make if it took power after the
December 1989 election.
Economists say the financial
community is growing slightly
concerned that Chile may veer
toward the more militant stance
taken by the Group of Eight Latin
debtors, which includes Brazil and
Argentina. As a result, the price of
Chilean debt in the secondary
markets is down a few cents on the
dollar.
Chilean central bank officials
defend their debt strategy, saying
that it has achieved a $5.1 billion
reduction in the country's foreign
debt. They add that Chile's good
record with its creditors has resulted
in one of the most favorable interest-
rate margins in Latin America.


"These policies have changed the
face of the country, reducing Chilean
risk and attracting foreign
investment," a senior central bank
official said.
Chile has been a pioneer in debt-
equity swaps, amounting to about
$1.5 billion since 1984, and new
investment in such projects as state
oil and utility firms also is on the rise.
The government also has
embarked on a new debt-
management plan, with a $200
million debt buy-back auction which
closed on Oct. 31. The results of the
auction will be announced
Wednesday.
But concerns that a democratic
Chile would shift some of its policies
have unsettled financial circles.
Chilean debt, sold by banks in the
secondary market, dropped 3 cents
to 57 cents after the Oct. 5 plebiscite,
in which Pinochet's bid to remain in
power was rejected.
According to David Gallagher,
managing director of the Santiago-
based investment band Asset Chile,
debt-equity deals have halted since
then.
"Banks should be worried and
there is already some anticipation in
the market that the price of Chilean


debt could drop further," Gallagher
said.
The opposition has challenged the
benefits of debt buy-backs and debt-
equity swaps, which they say have
turned Chile into a bargain-
basement for foreign investors. It
claims Chile could have obtained
better repayment terms merely by
negotiating more forcefully.
"The government has been too soft
with the banks," said Ricardo
Ffrench-Davis, vice president of the
CIEPLAN research institute and a
leading economist in the Christian
Democrat party, the largest
opposition group.
Ffrench-Davis said Chile has cut
interest payments, through debt-
equity swaps, but profit remittance
from Chilean firms in which
foreigners hold stakes will begin to
hit the balance of payments in the
early 1990s.
He also said government
negotiators left a heavy bunching of
repayments from 1991 on, when
principal payments to commercial
banks surge to $1.2 billion from $83
million.
These repayments stay above $1.1
billion for five years with overall
payments, including debts to


multilateral institutions and
governments, peaking at $2.1 billion
in 1993 against $438 million this year.
Opposition economists calculate the
gross financing gap will be $3.3
billion in 1991.
Foreign bankers in Santiago,
while confident the government has
the debt under control, said they
expect Chile to approach them to
discuss repayment terms by 1991,
especially if the opposition is elected.
Central bank officials say buoyant
exports, which jumped 36 percent in
the first eight months to $4.48 billion,
should cover the increase in the
financing costs. This year's trade
surplus is projected at $2 billion,
compared with last year's $1.23
billion.
But another uncertain factor, aside
from the political outlook, is how
long the price of copper will hold its
gains. Copper, a key Chilean export,
has averaged $1.10 a pound this year,
up from the budgeted 75 cents, and it
hit a 15-year high of $1.52 in the first
week of November.
"In the worst case we would have
to reprogram some payments," a
central bank official acknowledged,
referring to the possibility of a crash
in the price of the metal.


Brazil brings interest payments up to date


BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazil,
the Third World's biggest debtor, has
brought interest payments on its
commercial bank debt up to date for
the first time since early last year,
according to the Central Bank.
A Central Bank spokesman said
Brazil had paid $3.76 billion to
Citibank in New York. Brazil
decreed a moratorium on interest
payments on its $70 billion bank debt
on Feb. 20, 1987, but effectively
ended the action about 10 months
later.
The latest payment means Brazil
has paid all its arrears.
The Central Bank spokesman said
$1.76 billion had come from Brazil's
international reserves and the other


$2 billion from part of interim
funding agreed by banks last
November.
Earlier last week Brazil and its
creditor banks completed an $82
billion restructuring and new money
package. The first disbursement of
about $4 billion under the package's
$5.2 billion new money facility is
expected in the next few weeks.
The Central Bank spokesman said
Brazil would use $1 billion from this
first disbursement to top up its
reserves.
The payment to banks marks the
completion of Brazil's turnaround on
strategy on its debt, which now totals
$118 billion.
Under former finance minister


Dilson Funaro, Brazil took a hard
line on debt and this culminated in
the interest moratorium.
The moratorium was declared
when Brazil's trade surplus was
running low and international
reserves stood at only $3.9 billion.
Today trade is much healthier and
a very different man is at the Finance
Ministry. Mailson Nobrega, a career
civil servant, has returned Brazil to a
path of complete debt orthdoxy,
ending the moratorium and signing
an accord with the International
Monetary Fund (IMF).
Although Brazil has now restored
good relations with creditors, it still
faces very severe economic problems.
Inflation over the last 12 months


has soared above 700 percent and the
government on Friday signed a social
pact with business and trade unions
to try to prevent inflation from
getting even worse.
Last month alone prices rose a
record 27.25 percent.



-Uene

deadlin

forlasified









Tropic Times
Nov. 21, 1988


U.S. news



Transportation Department to begin drug testing


WASHINGTON (UPI) -- The
Transportation Department
imposed controversial new rules last
week that will subject 4 million
workers in safety or security jobs to
random drug testing starting 'in
December 1989.
The new regulations require
transportation companies to test
aviation, mass transit, railroad,
commercial bus and trucking,
pipeline and maritime workers.
Companies also will be required to
test before they hire a worker, at
regular intervals after hiring, after
accidents and when there is probable
cause to suspect drug use.
Large companies must start
annual drug testing of half their
workforces in December, 1989, the
end of a one-year phase-in period,
and small companies must do so by


December, 1990.
The rules cover 538,000 airline
workers, 3 million truck and bus
drivers operating in interstate
commerce, 90,000 railroad workers,
195,500 mass transit workers,
120,000 people working on
commercial vessels and 116,500
workers on pipelines that carry
natural gas and hazardous liquids.
Transportation secretary James
Burnley said a rash of major
accidents linked to drugs led the
department to impose the testing
order, which will cost companies an
estimated $2.1 billion to implement
over the next decade.
In particular, Burnley cited the
January 1987 crash of an Amtrak
train and a Conrail locomotive near
Baltimore that killed 16 people. The
Conrail engineer, Ricky Gates,


admitted using marijuana minutes
before missing or ignoring several
warning signals and steering his train
into the path of the Amtrak train.
"The potentially disastrous
consequences that can stem from
even a single employee making a
mistake because of drug use have
compelled us to issue these rules in
the hope that we can eliminate all
drug use by those who hold such
critical jobs," Burnley said.
But the regulations almost
certainly face a court challenge from
a number of labor unions who
maintain that random drug testing
violates Fourth Amendment
protections against unreasonable
searches. The unions contend that
employees can be legally tested only
when there is a reasonable suspicion
of drug use.


"Random testing is a counterpro-
ductive, shotgun strategy that is at
the same time an unwarranted
invasion of privacy and of no
significant value in the battle against
drug abuse," said Capt. Henry
Duffy, president of the Air Line
Pilots Association, which represents
42,000 commercial pilots.
Under the regulations, a positive
drug test initially will be re-analyzed
using a more sophisticated method
that Burnley termed "virtually
foolproof."
An employee who believes a test
result is inaccurate may appeal to a
doctor and have a sample analyzed
another time.
In addition, if there is any
reasonable question that a sample
may have mixed with another, the
test results will be thrown out.


Mysteries of deep revealed


WASHINGTON (UPI) - The
government announced last week
scientists have discovered a
spectacular field of deep sea hot
springs, minerals and exotic animals
located 100 miles off the Oregon
coast and stretching for five city
blocks.
The scientists - using a Navy
diving vehicle called "Sea Cliff" -
observed geyser-like spouts, thickets
of tube worms several feet high and
topped with bright red plumes, crabs,
octopi and deep sea fish in a
mountain range along the northern
Gorga Ridge at a depth of almost two
miles, the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration said.
The temperature in one of the
deep-sea springs was measured at
nearly 500 degrees, said Peter Rona,
a Commerce Department scientist
who led the expedition of
government and academic
researchers.
Rona called the underwater field
in the Pacific Ocean a "natural
setting providing scientists a new
frontier for scientific investigation to
study first-hand how sea floor hot
springs form metallic mineral
deposits, Support exotic forms of life,
and influence the ocean environ-
ment."
The first vents in the ocean floor
off Oregon were first discovered in
1984, scientists said, and more vents
were found in 1987 before the latest
underwater find in late October.


Rona said his team observed large
plates of earth's crust that are pulling
apart, and said sea water is heated by
the volcanic rocks when it seeps
through the cracks.
Ocean water "leaches metals from
the rocks, then rises and deposits the
metallic minerals on the sea floor,"
NOAA said. "Diving to depths of
10,000 feet on the eastern wall of a
valley in the submerged volcanic
mountain range, the scientists
observed diffuse flows of low-
temperature fluids seeping up
through the sea floor, as well as
geyser-like flows of high temperature
fluids spewing through chimney-like
structures up to 10 feet-high."
The scientists named their find the
"Sea Cliff Hydrothermal Field,"
recognizing the contributions of the
Navy and its Sea Cliff diving vehicle
in their geological and biological
research.
NOAA said the expedition was
coordinated by the Gorda Ridge
Technical Task Force, which was
organized in 1984 by the Interior
Department and the governors of
Oregon and California.
Members of the dive team
included scientists from NOAA, the
U.S. Geological Survey, Oregon
State University, the Oregon
Department of Geology and Mineral
Industries, the University of
California-Davis and the University
of Hawaii.


Couples tend to be healthier than singles, government researchers say


BOSTON (UPI) -- Married people
and those who cohabitate are
apparently healthier overall than
their single, divorced and widowed
counterparts, government re-
searchers reported today.
Charlotte Schoenborn of the
National Center for Health Statistics
said a 1987 survey of 122,859 people
in 47,240 families nationwide found
married people had fewer health
problems than unmarried people.
"The data ... demonstrate that in
spite of the recent changes in
American marital patterns there was
still a clear association between being
well and being married,"
Schoenborn and her colleagues
wrote in a paper delivered at a
meeting of the American Public
Health Association.
Of the married men, 15.1 percent
reported some limitation in their


activities due to disease or
impairment, compared to 20.1
percent of single men, 19.7 percent of
divorced men and 18.8 percent of
widowed men.
Similarly, 14.2 percent of married
women reported some limitation
compared to 20.2 percent of single
women, 20.8 percent of divorced and
27.8 percent of widowed women.
When the respondents were asked
to rate their health, only 11.3 percent
of the married men rated their health
as fair or poor compared to 14.1
percent of the single men, 15.6
percent of the divorced men and 17.6
percent of widowers.
Among women, only 12 percent of
those who were married rated their
health that way compared to 13.4
percent of single women, 18.3
percent of divorced women and 18.9
percent of widows.


Married people also reported
more acute conditions, more days in
which their activity was restricted
due to acute conditions, and greater
use of hospitals and doctor visits.
The researchers noted that one
explanation for the finding is that
people with physical or emotional
disorders would be less likely to get


married or remarry, and those who
do marry are more likely to get
divorced.
Another partial explanation is that
married people have greater social
support, which usually improves
health.
Also, married men and women are
less likely to smoke cigarettes, drink
heavily or drive after they have been
drinking. They are more likely to
have installed smoke detectors in
their homes and more likely to wear
seatbelts.
Studies have also shown that
single people live in less organized
households and eat more erratically,
which could have a negative impact
on health.
Separation and divorce are also
considered stressful life events, which
can have an adverse impact on
health, they said.


, \ .\ - .,




INVENTORS GET IN THE FRONTDOOR -- Inventor Susan Brandt of
Pasadena, Calif., shows off a game she designed called Win at theRaces, to
Sharper Image buyer Walter Watanabe in San Francisco recently. Sharper
Image, the San Francisco-based purveyor of high-tech gadgets, invites
anybody with a dream to show upon the first Wednesday of the month to
show their creations in an attempt tofind truly unique merchandise for the
company's 63 stores. (AP Laserphoto)


I








Tropic Times g
Nov. 21, 1988 J


U.S. news



Texas wins in race for $4.4 billion supercollider


WASHINGTON (AP) - Texas
beat out six other states last week in a
high-stakes race to capture the $4.4
billion superconducting supercol-
lider, which will be the largest
scientific instrument ever
constructed if Congress finds the
money to build it.
The announcement by Energy
Department Secretary John
Herrington drew immediate protests
from losing states, where officials
had waged a years-long battle to win
the giant atom smasher and the jobs
and scientific prestige that will go to
its home state.
"The Texas decision has a strong
smell of White House politics," said
Sen. Donald Riegle, D-Mich. "We
and the other five finalist states got a
raw deal."
Illinois officials also were angered.
House Minority Leader Robert
Michel called on President Reagan
to review Herrington's decision. The
site would be called the Ronald
Reagan Center for High Energy
Physics.
"The Texas proposal clearly
received the highest overall technical
evaluation ratings of any proposal
and exhibited no significant overall
weaknesses," Herrington said.
"I have to tell you there are no
politics in this," he said at a news
conference attended by such
prominent Texans as House Speaker
Jim Wright and Sen.Lloyd Bentsen,
both Democrats, and GOP Sen. Phil
Gramm.
Questions remain whether money
will be appropriated to build the
supercollider, a machine that
physicists hope will help them
explain the very origin of matter.


Many in Congress argue that the
project will hurt more useful
scientific research. Congress has
agreed to provide $100 million this
year for research and engineering
design. None of that may be used for
construction.
Nonetheless, states eagerly sought
the project, which is expected to
create 3,000 scientific jobs and 3,500
construction jobs, great prestige and
a nonpolluting industry with untold
scientific spinoffs for the host state.
Eight senators from finalist states


- Alan Dixon and Paul Simon of
Illinois; Reiegle and Carl Levin of
Michigan; Dennis DeConcini and
John McCain of Arizona; and Tim
Wirth and William Armstrong of
Colorado -- asked Reagan to
establish a bipartisan commission of
physicists to review all the seven
finalist sites.
The senators said that if the project
"is to have the slightest chance of
being funded," Reagan must
demonstrate that the decision "was
based solely on scientific criteria


utilizing a fair, open and competitive
The decision was announced two
days after George Bush, a Texan, was
elected president.
Herrington said the Texas site -
about 16,000 farm acres in Ellis
County 35 miles south of Dallas -
was "superior" to the others for
building the collider, a 53-mile
underground tunnel capable of
whipping proton beams into each
other with 20 times the force of the
world's most powerful existing
particle accelerator.


WELCOME SAKHARO V -- Soviet physicist and Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov, left, talks to his step-daughter,
Tatiana Yankelevich, upon his arrival recently at Boston's Logan Airport. (AP Laserphoto)


Child psychologist gets 60 daysforfalsifying scientific data


BALTIMORE (UPI) -- A
psychologist considered a leading
expert on drug therapies for
hyperactive children was sentenced
last week to 60 days in prison in the
nation's first federal conviction for
falsifying scientific data.
Dr. Stephen Breuning pleaded
guilty in September to two counts of
falsifying data on drug therapies,
including ritalin and dexedrine, in
order to obtain more than $160,000
in federal research grants.
U.S District Judge Frank
Kaufman, who said the researcher's
"whole career has been destroyed,'


Rats go wackyfor
TITUSVILLE, Fla. (UPI) --
Dirty rats are running amok in a
deserted courthouse north of
Cape Canaveral, partying on
marijuana stashed in the evidence
room and even popping into the
former quarters of a circuit judge.
"It looks like they went wacky
over that tobaccy," said Brevard
County Clerk of Court Ray
Winstead. "Maybe after the rats
ate the marijuana they got brave
and decided to go face the judge."
Attracting the rodents is
"Square Grouper," the bales of
marijuana that wash ashore and
are nicknamed for an ocean fish.
The dope has been stored in the
six-story building because
officials figured it would be safe:
humans abandonedthe courthouse
in February because of asbestos
contamination.


also ordered Breuning to pay the
University of Pittsburgh $11,352
restitution before placing him on five
years' probation.
"It is certainly a time in my life that
I am ashamed of and embarrassed
about," Breuning told Kaufman. "I
will never forget it."
Breuning was indicted in April for
making false statements to the
National Institute of Mental Health
and obstructing the agency's
investigation into the authenticity of
his data during his tenure at the
University of Pittsburgh Medical
School from 1982 to 1984.


'potent tobaccoy'
But Winstead said when
evidence keepers went into the
storage room this week, "they
were knee deep in grass gnawed
apart by rats."
The rodents ripped into and
partially ate at least three bales.
Rats have been seen elsewhere in
the building and traps and poisons
have -been scattered about.
Winstead said the rats will require
an exterminator before they
become a real health hazard.
The rat patrol has done nothing
to hurt pending cases, Winstead
said, and officials are debating
how to dispose of the remaining
marijuana. Meanwhile, a cache of
rat droppings in the evidence
room is a deterrent to pot
pilferage by humans.
"It would leave a bad taste in
their mouth," Winstead said.


A former colleague, Robert
Sprague, who is a professor at the
Institute for Research on Human
Development at the University of
Illinois, said Breuning was
responsible for a third of the
literature available on drug therapy
for hyperactive children during the
years of his research. Sprague first
prompted an investigation into the
data in 1983, saying he was
suspicious of the results.
Four years later, an internal
NIMH Investigation determined
Breuning "knowingly, willfully and
repeatedly engaged in misleading
and deceptive practices in reporting
results of research."
The case was turned over to the
Justice Department and Breuning
was accused of falsifying data
concerning the number of children
invloved in studies, among other
things, in order to obtain $162,500
for a study, "Stimulant Drug Use
with Mentally Retarded Children."
Assistant U.S. Attorney E.
Thomas Roberts said the case
represents the first conviction under
federal fraud statutes of a researcher
for falsifying information to obtain
federal grants.
Kaufman, who also ordered
Breuning not to engage in research
for 10 years, allowed him to serve his
prison time in a work release
program near Rochester, Mich.,
where he now runs a music store.
The judge said Breuning can serve his
sentence at varying intervals, so his
new career would not be affected.
The restitution to the University of
Pittsburgh was the amount of his


salary that came from the federal
grants.
Kaufman, who also ordered
Breuning to serve 250 hours of
community service, said the crime
was one "man has engaged in since
the beginning of the human race,"
but added that he had to "fashion a
sentence that sends out a message
that this is a very serious kind of
fraud."
"There isn't any question
(Breuning) will pay dearly for what
he has done," Kaufman said, "and
will pay dearly for the rest of his life."


i









6 Tropic Times
Nov. 21, 1988


military news



ARPERCEN 'spells out'fraternization rules


WASHINGTON (ARNEWS) -
In the Army, fraternization is
something different from improper
superior-subordinate relationships,
say officials in the Army Reserve
Personnel Center's Inspector
General Office here.
The two infractions are distinct,
and officials note that the separate
policy strictures of both apply to
Army National Guard and Reserve
soldiers, as well as to members of the
active Army.
Fraternization
Army Reserve Inspector General
officials say fraternization is a
criminal offense, set out in Article
134 of the Uniform Code of Military
Justice. The article calls
fraternization "conduct or
association by a commissioned or
warrant officer with an enlisted
soldier on terms of military equality
in violation of the custom of the
Army, provided such conduct is also
prejudicial to good order and
discipline, or service discrediting."
An example of fraternization, say
IG officials, is when an officer enters
into a romantic relationship with a
noncommissioned officer directly in
that officer's chain of command or
, ;pervision.
Until recently, only officers and
warrant officers could-be charged
with fraternization, but a recent
court of military review decision
states that NCOs can be charged with
fraternization under Article 134.
Improper relationships
Unlike fraternization, improper
superior-subordinate relationships
violate Army policies but do not
constitute crimes. Anyone -
regardless of rank - can be called to
account for improper relationships,
which are spelled out in AR 600-20,
Paragraph 5-7F.
The regulation says that
relationships between soldiers of
different rank are to be avoided when
such relationships cause any of the
following:


- Actual or perceived partiality or
unfairness.
- Improper use of rank or
position for personal gain.
- Undermining of the discipline,
authority or unit morale.
Application of the improper
relationships policies affect any
military relationship when a rank or
position difference exists. Improper
relationships can exist between
officers, between officers and NCOs,
between NCOs, between NCOs and
enlisted soldiers, and between
enlisted soldiers.
Improper relationships prohibited
by the regulation include:
- Gambling.
- Borrowing or loaning money.
--- Soliciting or offering gifts other
than voluntary gifts of slight value.
- Commercial activities other
than those sanctioned by AR 210-7
and AR 600-50.
- Use of or dealing in illegal
drugs.
- Drinking, except at unit-
sponsored events, promotion parties
or consolidated clubs.
- Sexual harassment.
- Nepotism.
- Certain types of "good old boy"
relationships.
- Criminal activities.
Other superior-subordinate
relationships do not violate Army
policies:
* - Dating. Army policies allow
dating between soldiers of different
ranks, but there are restrictions.
Improper dating relationships
include those which involve soldiers
in each other's command or rating
chains; between trainers and
trainees, and between soldiers who
occupy supervisory or professionally
influential positions in relation to
each other.
- Exchanging simple courtesies.
Gesture such as shaking hands,
praising a well-done job or opening a
door for another soldier are perfectly
acceptable.


- Participation at social
functions. Attendance is permissible
at gatherings such as hail-and-
farewell, dining-in events and office
parties.
- Unit recreational activities.
- Participation in community
organizations and activities.
- Family relationships.
- Professional development
courses and social activities related
to such courses.
Where special conditions require
more specific guidance, command
and local regulations may clarify
what is and is not considered an
improper relationship.
Penalties
Another difference between
fraternization and improper
relationships lies in the penalties for


breaking the rules. Fraternization is
a crime, and the manual for courts-
martial specifies the maximum
punishment of dismissal, forfeiture
of all pay and allowances and
confinement for two years.
Sanctions for breaking the policies
pertaining to improper superior-
subordinate relationships include
counseling, extra training or
instruction, denial .of leave or pass,
letter of reprimand, suspension of
favorable personnel actions, adverse
evaluation reports, administrative
reduction in grade, bar to re-
enlistment, relief for cause and
administrative separation.
For more background on the
Army's present policies, read the
article "Fraternization," by Maj.
Kevin Carter in "Military Law
Review," 1986, Volume 113.


Army researches ways to train soldiers with less money


FORT LEE, Va. (ARNEWS) -
With continuing emphasis on budget
restraint, the Army has had to find
ways to train soldiers to standard
with less money.
The solution to the problem of
providing the necessary instruction
has been found at the U.S. Army
Quartermaster School here. The
answer: computerized Interactive
Course Ware.
According to Richard E. Strongin,
"'recent advances in integrated
circuitry, development of low-cost,
high-capacity computer memory and
refinement of the optical video disc
permitted us to develop ICW
training." Strongin serves as acting
chief of the course development
division in Fort Lee's Directorate of
Training and Doctrine.
"The system provides audio-visual
material organized into modules for
training and testing students on
individual tasks," explained
Thurmon D. Walters, a training
specialist with the course
development division.
The Quartermaster School
recently began using this progressive
form of training in two military
occupational specialities: petroleum
laboratory specialist and graves


registration specialist.
"Computers actually interact with
the student, providing feedback and
repeating tasks when necessary to
ensure competence," said Walters.


According to Strongin, training
with ICW involves a process of pre-
testing on a task. Students who fail
the pre-test go through a practical
exercise, then take a post-test.


Students who fail the post-test
receive more training.
The computer programs explain
all the materials the student will be
using, then how to perform each task
in a step-by-step demonstration, then
ask the student to perform the task.
The student is given a choice of'
responses, from which he selects an
answer using either a keyboard or
lightpen to touch the answer on the
monitor screen.
Should a task not be performed
correctly, the program returns to the
point where the error occurred and
guides the soldier through the proper
procedure until the task in
successfully completed.
According to Strongin, a major
advantage of the ICW is that is
provides both a "residential" and an
"exportable" training program. It
can be used to make sure both active
and reserve component soldiers
receive equal levels of training.
Safety is a factor, as well. The ICW
system doesn't require students to
handle dangerous chemical or
petroleum products.
"The possibilities for using this
training method are only limited by
the imagination of the designers who
develop the programs," Strongin
said.


Fort Drum gets new troops

FT. DRUM, N.Y. (ARNEWS)
-- A major milestone in the $1.3
billion Ft. Drum expansion is
scheduled to be passed in mid-
November, when the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers turns over the
10th Mountain Division (Light
Infantry), its first new troop
complex.
Six barracks buildings, three
battalion headquarters, one
brigade headquarters, a dining
hall and a vehicle maintenance
facility will become the new home
of the 10th Mountain Division's (
2nd Brigade. The brigade is
currently stationed at Fort
Benning, Ga.
Completed on schedule, the ,
project turnover comes at the /
peak of the Fort Drum .
construction program. Five other
troop complexes are still in
various stages of construction.









Tropic Times ,
Nov. 21, 1988 I


.sports


Atlantic athletes 'seeking the gold' at Turkey Bowl


by SFC Marshall B. Wilkins

FORT DAVIS (USARSO PAO) --
Atlantic community athletes, like
those in the Pacific community are
preparing for Wednesday's "war" at
Balboa Stadium, in which airmen,
Marines, sailors and soldiers will
battle it out in the annual Turkey
Bowl.
Michael Shlink of 747th Military
Intelligence Battalion, is the biathlon
coach for the Atlantic athletes and
plans on competing. Shlink, as well
as Ed Yost of 3rd Bn., 7th SFG
(Abn); Susan Rife of 1097th
Transportation Company; Kimberly
Piper ofJOTC; Chad Ochs of 1097th

NHL Standings
WALES CONFERENCE
Patrick Division
W L T Pts GF GA
NY Rangers 11 6 3 25 85 66
Pittsburgh 10 10 0 20 92 96
New Jersey 8 9 3 19 69 75
Washington 8 9 2 18 66 67
Philadelphia 8 12 1 17 80 82
NY Islanders 7 10 2 16 57 72
Adams Division
Montreal 11 8 3 25 87 79
Boston 9 6 5 23 75 61
Buffalo 8 11 2 18 73 89
Quebec 7 12 2 16 76 97
Hartford 7 12 1 15 67 77
CAMPBELL CONFERENCE
Norris Division
W" L T Pts GF GA
Detroit 10 5 4 24 75 67
Toronto 9 11 1 19 72 83
St. Louis 8 7 3 19 64 68
Chicago 6 11 4 16 87 99
Minnesota 4 13 3 11 60 87
Smythe Division
Calgary 14 4 3 31 94 54
Los Angeles 13 7 0 26 107 87
Edmonton 12 6 2 26 88 73
Winnipeg 8 6 3 19 69 66
Vancouver 8 11 3 19 70 68

NBA Standings
EASTERN CONFERENCE
Atlantic Division
W L Pet. GB
New York 6 3 .667 -
New Jersey 5 4 .556 1
Philadelphia 5 4 .556 1
Bston 4 5 .444 2
Washington 2 5 .286 3
Charlotte 2 6 .250 3 1/2
Central Division
Detroit 8 1 .889
Cleveland 6 1 .857 1
Atlanta 6 3 .667 2
Chicago 5 4 .556 3
Milwaukee 3 3 .500 3 1/2
Indiana 0 9 .000 8
WESTERN CONFERENCE
Midwest Division
W L Pet. GB
Utah 5 2 .714 -
Dallas 6 3 .667 -
Denver 6 3 .667
Houston 6 3 .667 -
San Antonio 2 6 .250 3 1/2
Miami 0 7 .000 5
Pacific Division
L.A. Lakers 6 2 .750 -
Golden State 5 4 .556 1 1/2
Seattle 4 4 .500 2
L.A. Clippers 4 5 .444 2 1/2
Phoenix 4 5 .444 2 1/2
Portland 3 5 .375 3
Sacramento 1 7 .125 5


and Jennifer Morsch of 29th Military
Intelligence Battalion, usually
competes in the many fun runs, bike
races, triathlons, and biathlons held
throughout the year in the Atlantic
community.
Shlink believes that most soldiers
are physically active people. "I feel
the military aspect of physical
training is to keep yourself prepared.
The athletic activities that we have
help channel a soldier's competitive
energy in a positive way."
He said annual events like the
Turkey Bowl and Transisthmian
Relay Race provide the motivation
and incentive for soldiers to stay in
shape throughout the year. The
Commanding General's Fun Runs,
boxing smokers, bike races,
triathlons and biathlons are the
"training grounds" that help keep
soldiers fit.
Training for Turkey Bowl
hopefuls provides a new challenge.
Biathlon training includes a 300
meter swim for women, 500 meter
swim for men, as well as running, for
the other half of the event. "Some of
our athletes are new to the biathlon,
so I tell them not to swim all out,
because they have to save something
for the run," Shlink said.
"We go thru peaks and valleys in
our training so we want to make sure
that we build a good base and peak
during the Turkey Bqwl. We want to
perform at our max during that
competition," he explained.
All soldiers are required to be-in
top physical condition at all times. In
this respect, the Turkey Bowl athletes
are no different than any other
soldier. Competition in events such
as the 10K race, biathlon, relay races
and flag football; will answer the
question about which branch of the
service is the most physically fit.
Athletes will "Go For The Gold" in
the 1988 Turkey Bowl Wednesday at
Balboa Stadium.
The Thanksgiving Eve classic will
feature male and female athletes
from the U.S. Army, Air Force,
Navy, Marine Corps and Panama
Canal Commission. They will
compete for gold, silver and bronze
medals in running, swimming and
flag football.
The winning football team from
among the four component services


of the U.S. Southern Command will
receive a special trophy.
The Turkey Bowl trophy will be
awarded to the service that compiles
the largest number of points in the.
overall competitions.
The Turkey Bowl will kick off at 4
p.m. with a pregame show by the
79th Army Band and an opening
ceremony which will include an inter-
service parachute demonstration and
the Parade of Athletes.
The games will begin promptly at
4:20 p.m. The sequence of events for
Turkey Bowl follows:
1-Mile (Female) Relay
2-Mile (Male) Relay
First Flag Football Playoff Game
Biathlon (Female Swim/Run)
Biathlon (Male Swim/Run)
10KM Run
Second Flag Football Playoff Game
2-Mile (Female) Relay


Entertainment
First Half, Championship Football
Game
Halftime Entertainment
Second Half, Championship Football
Game

Turkey Bowl 1988 will culminate
with the closing ceremonies and
presentation of awards to athletes
and services at 8:45 p.m.
The year's foremost sporting event
in Panama is open to the entire
community. Tickets are on sale now
and may be purchased through unit
*representatives or by calling the
Directorate of Personnel
Administration, U.S. Army South,
at 87-4033.
Parking facilities at Balboa
Stadium are limited. Military shuttle
service to and from the stadium will
be provided for all authorized users.


College football bowl schedule


By United Press International
Dec. 10
California Bowl
Western Michigan (8-2) vs. Fresno State (8-2)
Dec. 23
Independence Bowl
Southern Mississippi (9-2) vs. Texas-El Paso (10-2)
Dec. 24
Sun Bowl
Alabama (7-2) vs. Army (8-2)
Dec. 25
Aloha Bowl
Washington State (8-3) vs. Houston (9-2)
Dec. 28
Liberty Bowl
South Carolina (8-3) vs. Indiana (7-3-1)
Dec. 29
All-American Bowl
Florida (6-4) vs. Illinois (6-4-1)
Freedom Bowl
Brigham Young (8-3) vs. Colorado (8-3)
Dec. 30
Holiday Bowl
Wyoming (10-1) vs. Oklahoma State (8-2)


Dec. 31
Peach Bowl
iowa (6-3-3) vs. North Carolina State (7-3-1)
Jan. 1
Gator Bowl
Georgia (7-3) vs. Michigan State (6-4-1)
Jan. 2
Hall of Fame Bowl
Syracuse (8-2) vs. Louisiana State (7-3) or Auburn (9-1)
Citrus Bowl
Clemson (9-2) vs. Oklahoma (9-2)
Cotton Bowl
Arkansas (10-0) vs. UCLA (9-2)
Fiesta Bowl
Notre Dame (10-0) vs. West Virginia (10-0)
Rose Bowl-
Michigan (P-3-1) vi CoQp thrn Pp) (IS-PI
Sugar Bowl
Auburn (9-1) or Louisiana State (7-3) vs. Florida State(9-1)
Orange Bowl
Nebraska (11-1) vs. Miami (8-1)


x automatic oowl berth









8 Tropic Times
Nov. 21, 1988



Young Americans fatter than ever, researcher says


SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -
Young Americans are more
overweight than ever, a "fattening of
America" that one researcher blames
on a generation of couch potatoes
that spends as much time watching
television as it does in the classroom.
Rates of obesity among children
and adolescents went up an average
of about 45 percent between 1960
and the early 1980s, said Steven
Gortmaker, associate professor and
acting chairman of the Department
of Behavioral Sciences at Harvard
University.
A key factor in explaining the rise
is 1983 studies that show children
spend an average of at least 25 hours
a week in front of the television, said
Gortmaker, who speculated that the
actual number of viewing hours is


higher.
"Television viewing for children is
now practically a full-time job equal
to the time spent in school," he said,
adding that television viewing is up
from an average of 18 hours per week
in 1968.
Diet, a general decline in physical
activity, and TV commercials that
reinforce the appeal of high-calorie
foods contribute to the dramatic
increase in overweight youths, said
Gortmaker, who explained his
"couch potato hypothesis" recently
at an American Dietetic Association
meeting.
The link between TV-watching
and obesity rates holds true for
adults, too, he said. One study
showed that adults who watch an
hour of television a day or less have a


3 percent chance of being obese,
compared to a 25 percent chance of
obesity among adults who watch
three hours per day.
Specifically, Gortmaker found
that between the late 1960s and 1980,
obesity rates went up 54 percent
among children aged 6 to 11. Rates
of super-obesity went up 98 percent
in the same age group. Among
youths aged 12 to 17, obesity went up
39 percent and super-obesity rose by
64 percent.
Obesity and super-obesity were
measured with a skinfold test that
does not readily translate into
percentage of body fat or other
measurements, he said.
The greatest increase among males
was between the ages of 6 and 11, and
the biggest among females was in


. . - * " ^





" "















I ". 4
* , " ', , - . , . 11 - *e ,.


A USTRALIAN RODEO - This bull, 'Eight isEnough' has only been successfully ridden once in 249 tries. The one
man to stay on, Steve Hilton, last year, took home $580 in prize money. (AP Laserphoto)



Sicily declares Ustica waters natural reserve


USTICA, Sicily (AP) - Two
bright yellow buoys in the cobalt blue
sea around the volcanic island of
Ustica protect an increasingly
endangered Italian treasure - clear,
clean water and the rich marine life in
it.
The buoys also mark one of the
government's first efforts to save the
seas that surround Italy - the
Ligurian, Tkyrrhenian, Adriatic,
Ionian and Mediterranean.
From sea floor to surface, from
shore to three miles out, the
crystalline waters surrounding
Ustica, about 35 miles north of
Sicily, have been decreed a natural
marine reserve.
Along with a small corner of the
Adriatic near Trieste to the north,,
Ustica was the first to enjoy special
protection under a decree by the
environmental and merchant marine
ministries in November, 1986.
The decree called for 18 more
reserves - among them Sardinia's
sapphire seas and the thermal waters
of the Aeolian Islands off Sicily's
northeastern coast. So far, however,
Ustica and Trieste are the only ones
to be created.
In Ustica's case, the buoys mark a
slice of the reserve in which just


about every activity is forbidden:
fishing from boats or underwater,
boating and even swimming, except
for two small inlets where bathing is
permitted. Local authorities can
restrict fishing permits for the rest of
the island's waters, and undersea
fishing is forbidden around half of
the island.
Ustica's volcanic rocks and caves
snare plankton carried by strong,
cold Atlantic currents entering the
Mediterranean through Gibralter to
the southeast and flow by the island.
Plankton, tiny forms of sea life, is a
key link in the food chain for the
island's exotic undersea greenhouse-
menagerie. The results are 24-hour
undersea dining rooms as colorful as
found in the tropics.
Some samples from the sea swim
in three fish tanks set up in an 18th
Century stone guard tower on a bluff
overlooking the reserve.
Each tank represents a different
depth of the sea. There are crimson
"sea tomatoes," which look like jelly
apples, spindly orange coral and "sea
roses" - creatures that seem like
flower spun out of delicate pink
lace. There are urchins, too, although
fishing and disease have whittled
their numbers.


Ustica's waters once abounded in
large stone bass, but no longer.
Fishing with drag nets and
indiscriminate catches by
underwater fishermen have cut down
the population of the species.
the World Wildlife fund in Italy,
which manages the Trieste reserve,
estimates that the planned total of 20
reserves would protect barely 2
percent of Italy's coastal waters.
Counting the two reserves and other
small stretches of seashore watched
over by environmental groups, the
WWF says that only 40 miles of
Italy's 5,000 miles of coastline have
some kind of protection.
"We can't wait 10 years" for the
other 18 reserves, says Antonio Canu
of the group's Rome office. "The sea
will be ruined."
This summer was especially harsh
for Italian waters. In July, bathers
had to abandon a fashionable
Tuscan beach for a week after an
explosion at a pesticide plant spilled
toxic chemicals over a stretch of
Italy's northwestern coast.
On the east coast, gondoliers and
their tourist clients in Venice endured.
the stench of decaying algae, which
flourished on tons of untreated
industrial and human garbage
pouring into the lagoon.


those aged 12 to 17. Obesity was less
prevalent among blacks than whites,
but that gap has narrowed recently,
he said.
Obesity is equally prevalent
among wealthy and poor children,
Gortmaker found. The greatest
number of obese youths are found in
the Northeast, while the fewest are
west of the Mississippi River.
Obese children face health risks
including hypertension, psycho-
social damage, respiratory and
orthopedic problems. They also tend
to become overweight adults,
Gortmaker said.
To counter the trend, he
recommended individualized
programs to target overweight
youth, and school and community-
based nutrition programs.


Voyager 2

'makes a right'


for


Neptune


PASADENA, CALIF. (UPI) -
The intrepid Voyager 2 spacecraft,
nearly 3 billion miles from home and
hurtling toward a close encounter
with Neptune, changed course last
week in a maneuver equivalent to a
right turn in interplanetary space.
"It made a slight veering to the
right," Lanny Miller, manager of the
Voyager flight engineering office at
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
said of the critical move that aims the
spacecraft toward Neptune's cloud
tops.
Voyager will cruise past the
planet's North Pole in a historic flyby
next summer that will also permit
some high-tech snapshots of
Neptune's moon Triton.
Last week's manuevering of
Voyager from JPL's deep space
network will bring it 6,200 miles
nearer the planet during its close
encounter scheduled for 9 p.m. PDT
Aug. 24, 1989.
Five hours after that flyby,
Voyager will zoom within 24,000
miles of Triton for the first "close-
up" view of that distant body, which
some scientists say harbors lakes of
liquid nitrogen.
"We really don't know anything
about Triton. There's no way you can
tell very much about it from earth-
based telescopes. We do know that it
is about the size of earth's moon.
"Some people believe it may have
liquid nitrogen on it," Miller said.
"But whether or not lakes of liquid
nitrogen are there is purely
speculative. -That's why we're going
- to findout."
Miller said the latest maneuvering
of the craft, now 2.6 billion miles
from earth, involved "a change in
velocity of 1 mph," which slightly
slowed its usual traveling speed of
42,466 mph.
"We were headed some distance
away and now we've moved it a little
bit closer to the planet," said Miller,
who noted Voyager is "only 257.7
million miles" from its destination.
While en route, the spacecraft is
sending back "information about the
solar system medium and what we
call field and particle data," Miller
said of reports on the highly charged
space through which the probe is
traveling.
Voyager 2 was launched in August
1977, about a month before its twin
spacecraft Voyager I was sent on a
similar solar system odyssey.




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PAGE 1

Gift of the Panama Canal Mmseum *the Tropic Times Vol. I, No. 43 Quarry Heights, Republic of Panama Nov. 21, 1988 B-lB bomber crashes; crew lands safely RAPID CITY, S.D. (AP) -A Bwhich were grounded following a The crash was the fourth in the first new long-range bomber in more I B bomber crashed and burned on a crash Nov. 8 that destroyed one pf four years since the United States than 25 years. runway at Ellsworth Air Force Base the planes in Texas. began flying B-1 aircraft, the nation's The long-range bomber built by in the second accident involving one Rockwell International is designed of the long-range strategic jets in nine to fly at high speed and low altitude days, officials said Friday. The crew and deliver nuclear weapons. of four parachuted to safety. Asked Friday whether the bomber A police officer said the $280 was carrying nuclear weapons, Evans million plane, which was reported to said it is Air Force policy to neither have crashed in a landing attempt confirm nor deny their presence about 10:40 p.m. Thursday, may have come in too low and hit a utility pole. A witness said an engine was on Todd Heinle, a police officer in fire before the crash. nearby Box Elder, said that it was The crew ejected from the plane, cloudy at the time of the crash and officials said. One crew member may /that he did not notice any fog. He aid have suffered a minor concussion he was a half-mile to a mile away and and another had a possible back heard the plane make a "weird injury, said Sgt. Tony Evans, a base noise. spokesman. The other crew members "It almost sounded like the plane were unharmed, he said. was trying to increase in power," he Ellsworth spokesman Maj. Joseph said. He said he and a fellow officer B. Saxon said at the base on Rapid saw the wings tilt one way and then City's eastern edge that the cause of the other, then the lights in the plane the crash was not immediately went out. known. The plane was on a routine Lt. Col. George H. Peck, a training flight, the Air Force said. Strategic Air Command spokesman, Maj. Temple Black in Washington said Tuesday that 63 of the 85 B-lBs said a board of officers will be at SAC bases had been inspected convened to investigate. He without any problems detected. speculated that weather might have CONGRATULA TIONS -AlCFernandoReynoso, groundradio operator been a factor. The Rapid City at the 1978th Communications Group's SITFA Station, talks to an The Air Force has been criticized Journal reported fog and visibility of Ecuadorian A ir Force operator. SITFA is the spanish-acronymfor theInterfor its handling of the B1 B program, a half-mile at the time of the crash. American Telecommunications System of theA irForces. The group operates primarily because of acknowledged The crash came two days after the net control station. Reynoso was recently selectedfor promotion belowproblems in developing its radarofficials reported that the Air Force the-zone to the rank of senior airman. (U.S. A ir Forcephoto by TSgt. Rafael jamming gear. The service insists the had inspected and cleared more than E. Petiton) plane is the best long-range bomber two-thirds of the 98 B-1B bombers, in the world. Carter contacts Khomeini; seeks release of hostages ATLANTA (UPI) -Former Iran's spiritual leaderin the release of "The (lack of the) release of the links with the people holding nine President Jimmy Carter sent a letter American hostages in Lebanon, a American hostages is a major Americans hostage in Lebanon. to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in Carter spokeswoman confirmed obstacle in the way of resuming In the letter,Carter said a private October seeking the cooperation of Saturday. friendly relations between Iran and foundation he heads "was ready to the United States of America which help (Iran) in any proper way" in B gg g s y rtal importance for both order to win release of the hostages, Bia gi ets8-y ar entnce countries," Carter said in the I RNA said. handwritten message dated Oct. 30. Ahmad Khomeini said the letter T77 14 .Iran's official Islamic Republic appeared to suggest that Washington for his W edtech connection News Agency said Saturday the letter was ready to resume ties with an was translated into the Iranian but that the issue of American NEW YORK (UPI) -Mario sentencing today in the case. language of Farsi and made public in bota he insLebon a an Biaggi, forced out of Congress by Biaggi, whose conspicious limp Iran Saturday by Khomeini's son, hostages held in Lebanon was an two corruption convictions, was traces back to his heroic exploits as a Ahmad. impediment, IRNA said. sentenced to eight years in prison highly decorated New York City Carter issued a statement through "As I have said many times, the Fridayfor his role in the Wedtech police officer, left office Aug. 5 to a spokeswoman in Atlanta Imam (Khomeini) was quoted as bribery scandal. press appeals of both convictions. confirming he had sent the letter after saying relations between Iran and Biaggi, once a highly decorated Despite his convictions, the IRNA reported its contents. America is one between a wolf and New York policeman, wept openly as popular Bronx Democrat received "In my note, I was responding to sheep and there can be no Judge Constance Baker Motley read 36,121 votes -29 percent of the 19th an initiative from Iran," Carter said reconcilation between the two," the sentence in U.S. District Court. Congressional District total -in the from his home in Plains, Ga., "My Amhad Khomeini said, according to "I died a little bit every day during November general election. purpose was to obtain the release of the IRNA dispatch. the trial," Biaggi, 71, said in a choked Biaggi was convicted of receiving David Ra bhan, a friend of mine who voice moments before the verdict was $1.8 million in stock in return for his has been imprisoned in Iran for announced. help in getting Wedtech government almost nine years. My hope is that in "I think incarceration will be the defense contracts. Altogether he was the name of justice and humanity, No Tropic Times equivalent of a death penalty," convicted of 15 federal counts, Iran will use its influence to Biaggi said. including racketeering, extortion encourage the releaseof all American Biaggi, who claimed he was and taking bribes, hostages by working through normal Friday edition penniless, also was ordered to pay Biaggi struggled to the courtroom channels." $246,000 in fines. He could have been lectern to proclaim his innocence and Rabhan was Carter's personal COROZAL (Tropic Times) -sentenced to up to 146 years in prison beg for the judge's mercy. .u. pilot when the former president was h to the Thanksgivimg Day and fined $7.4 million for the "All my life I served in public Georgia governor in 1971-1975, Wedtech conviction. service,"said Biaggi, who is still New Carter spokeswoman C a r r i e be published Friday. The prison term will be served York's most highly decorated former Harmon said. Instead, a combined Friday and concurrently with a 2 1/2-year term police officer. "I loved to be loved (by Wednesday edition, including the for which he was sentenced in the public). I loved to love them. The IRNA dispatch said Carter's movie schedule, club calendar, Brooklyn federal court for accepting "I'm innocent. Within 24 hours (of letter included a footnote asking for and TV guide, will be published an illegal gratuity. the second conviction) I resigned," he the release of Rabhan, but gave no Wednesday. Biaggi, who served 10 terms in said with a heaving sigh, his hands details of his imprisonment. Normal publication of the Congress, pleaded with the judge to outstretched. .With that The official Iranian news agency, Tropic Times will be resumed show mercy for his son, Richard, one resignation, your honor, my life as I in a dispatch received in London, Monday. of five others convicted and facing knew it was over." said Khomeini denied that Iran has

PAGE 2

Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 world roundup German parliament head loses job after speech BONN, West Germany (UPI) -crown a week of national atonement Jenninger stumbled when he failed for Hitler five decades ago that he Phillip Jenninger gave the wrong for Hitler's atrocities. to distance himself from the racist failed to realize the insensitivity of speech on the wrong day to the They got something else. words he used to describe the events depicting that mood on such an wrong audience. After spending three weeks doing that led to the killing of 6 million occasion. His insensitive invoking of the ugly library research, Jenninger told the Jews. Jenninger also did not foresee how ghosts of the Nazi past that still stunned audience in a 40-minute "Did the Jews not assume a role his words laid him open to haunt Germans cost him his job last speech that Hitler had restored that was inappropriate for them?" accusations that he agreed with week as President of Parliament and national pride for the Germans. The Jenninger asked as infuriated Hitler's anti-Semitic sentiments. tarnished the commemoration of the 56-year-old politician also expressed deputies, some of them crying, Trying to explain later why things 50th anniversary of Kristallnachi, fascination over the dictator's walked out. "Did they not perhaps went wrong, Jenninger said, "I have when Hitler's stormtroopers burned triumphal road to power. deserve to be put in their place?" probably been working too long and Jewish homes and synogagues in a It sounded at times like a Nazi-era It appeared that Jenninger was too intensely on the subject." prelude to the Holocaust. speech, not an address by respected glorifying Hitler while calling the Though he resigned as parliament The 519 members of Parliament public figure who, 50 years later, was victims "Jewish subhumans." president, West Germany's agony in and the guests, including Jewish trying to reconcile himself with his Jenninger somehow became so trying to deal with its past remains. leaders, expected a speech that would country's gruesome past. engrossed with Germans'enthusiasm "He made the mistake of telling the b1Ttruth, meaning that he gave very Filipinos surveyedavor keeping U.S. military oases realistic rendition of how the majority of Germans felt in the '30s," MANILA, Philippines (U PI) -years after she took power in a have been and will continue to be a said Josef Joffe, foreign editor of the Nearly three-fourths of the Filipinos civilian-backed military revolt that pocketbook issue," said Alan Ortiz, Munich-based newspaper Suedsurveyed in a poll released last week ousted dictator Ferdinand Marcos. an economics professor at the deutche Zeitung. "Hitler didn't come favor keeping strategic U.S. military Eighteen percent of the poll university. "This survey's view of the out of nowhere." bases in their country and give participants wanted the removal at bases' future in the Philippines was Bonn businessman Per Reul, 41, President Corazon Aquino high the "earliest time possible" of Clark consistent with most independent added, "What he said about the marks of approval. Air Base and Subic Bay Naval s u r v e y s c o n duct e d o n the Germans was true, but he said it at The opinion poll was conducted in Station -the largest U.S. overseas controversial issues. the wrong time and to the wrong August by the Ateneo University, military facilities. Six percent were The most recent poll also has 49 audience on a day when the whole which is run by the Jesuit Order of undecided. percent of the participants world was watching Germany." the Roman Catholic Church. The survey showed that 57 percent supporting the government's efforts Lawmakers acknowledged that The survey of 1,200 Filipinos of agreed with the specific statement: to recover Marcos' alleged ill-gotten most Germans supported Hitler in voting age represented a cross "The bases should be retained wealth and 79 percent approving of the early 1930s. But they said section of Philippine society, the beyond 1991 because under the the military's general handling of Jenninger's speech was full of Rev. Joaquin Bernas, the university's present agreement the Philippines national security, including the 19historical misconceptions, including president, said in releasing its results. already has large benefits from the Communist insurgency. the recurrent one that nobody could In the poll, 74 percent of those United States." Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos, have known in 1933, when Hitler surveyed want to retain the The United States last month who has crushed five coup attempts rode to power on a wave of antiAmerican military bases in the agreed to give the Philippines $962 against Aquino, received a Semitism, what his plans for the Jews Philippines beyond 1991, when a million during the final two years of popularity rating of 79 percent, the were. Hitler wrote extensively on the bilateral treaty governing the the 1947 bases agreement, a second-highest mark after that of the subject before he gained power. facilities expires. substantial increase from the $180 president. Media expressed concern that the The survey also shows that Aquino million Manila currently receives in But the survey indicated that scandal would give the world the enjoys widespread popularity, with annual U.S. aid. Filipinos generally hold their wrong image of modern West an approval rating of 73 percent, two "This implies that the U.S. bases lawmakers in low regard. Germany. Jewish orthodox voters may hold key to forming next government in Israel JERUSALEM (UPI) -Israeli with 39 for Likud and 38 for Labor, "It's not going to be a highly stable In past elections, the religious voters were ambivalent about the headed by Foreign Minister Shimon government," Gilboa said. "The parties have allied themselves with Palestinians, the key issue in the Peres. potential for friction is great." Likud, but have exacted large country's election campaign, but "The religious parties are going to The photo finish of Labor and concessions, such as increased they may well have given zealots present tough demands, and they will Likud and the absence of any funding for their schools and army seeking a religious Jewish state the do so simply because they feel they dramatic shift between the left and exemptions for religious students. means to achieve more of their have the power to demand," said the right blocs showed that Israelis "Next week Israel will become demands. Eitan Gilboa, a political science remained divided, if not paralyzed, some combination of democracy and By rebuffing both major parties in professor at Hebrew University. about the occupation of the West theocracy," said Shevak Weiss, a last week's election, voters failed to Their demands include establishBank and Gaza Strip. Labor Party member of Knesset. provide a mandate on the 21-yearment of Jewish law as the legal Although the issues of security and old Israeli occupation of the West foundation of Israel, such as peace dominated the campaign, the A Bank and Gaza Strip, which mandatoryobservationoftheJewish electorate did not choose Likud's Palestinians want as the basis for an Sabbath and stricter interpretation plans for a dramatic increase in independent state. of laws defining who is a Jew. The Jewish settlement-in the West Bank Instead, the orthodox religious religious parties would recognized over Labor's call for a partial Al parties, which advocate strict conversions only by orthodox withdrawal to be negotiated at an ow observance of Jewish scripture, made rabbis, a move strongly opposed by international peace conference. a surprisingly strong showing and North American reform and Nor did voters, reacting to the hold the key to forming the next conservative Jews. nearly 11-month-old Palestinian Inv 4: ; q-1 :1 92a, government, most likely in coalition The election results left little doubt uprising in the territories and recent 1. 1 : with Prime Minister Yitzhak that Shamir and his Likud Party will attacks against Israeli civilians, Shamir's right-wing Likud Party. lead the next government. But swing dramatically to the right. 1-1 0 W. 1 The religious parties, which gained Shamir will be faced with controlling Instead some voters moved away so, five more seats to bring their total to a coalition with wildly different from the center parties to the fringes do -0 ga :I 18, profited from voters unhappiness agendas and at the same time on the left and right. me: with both major political groupings, pursuing his own party's policies. a. :, Likud and the center-left Labor For example, the right-wing The effect the religious parties may. Party. Moledet Party, which won two seats, have on Likud policy in the .a Both major parties suffered losses said it would support a Likud territories was uncertain. Of the four, ain the 12-seat Knesset, or parliament. coalition only if a referendum was only the National Religious Party, I Z Thirteen minor parties covering a held on its single campaign issue of which won five seats, is strongly AN broad political spectrum won a expelling all Arabs from the nationalist and backs increased *a combined total of 43 seats, compared occupied territories. settlement. -. NVE 2i !ilI"R!EN Commander-in-Chief. Gen. Fred F. woerner Assistant NCOIC .SFC Richard A. Czizik This authorized unofficial command information publication Director, Public Affairs. Col. Ronald T. Sconyers Editorial Staff.SSgt. Laurie Scott-Keller is for U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The Tropic Times is Executive Editor/NCOIC .SMSgt. Harold J. Lee Spec. Monique Chere published in conjuncticn with the Armed Forces Information Managing Editor .....Colin Hale SrA. John Stricklin Program of the Department of Defense, under the supervision of Composing Room .Rosemary Chong the director of Public Affairs, U.S. Southern Command. Carolyn Coffey Contents of the Tropic Times are not necessarily the official view of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense orithe U.S. the T ro p ic T im es Southern Command. -he address is: APO Miami, 34002, Alhrook Post Office. Telephone 285-6612.

PAGE 3

Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 3 hemisphere Colombian cartels export drugs thru Ecuador QUITO, Ecuador (Reuters) -cargoes for drugs and ignore exported the drug, hidden in legal production and processing in Colombian drug traffickers are Ecuador's. shipments, to Colombian Ecuador. enjoying success exporting cocaine Colombian drug traffickers, who shareholders and Colombian Gallegos said that Interpoland the through Ecuador even though local supply about 80 percent of the directors. DEA had almost wiped out all authorities are said to be winning the cocaine consumed in the United "When we invade the premises of Ecuador's coca plantations, echoing war against production and States, also benefit from Ecuador's the export company, they (drug comments of former President Leon processing of the illicit drug. location next door and the ease with traffickers) have vanished," said Febres Cordero, who said a A U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency which fellow Andean citizens can Gallegos. televised speech in May that Ecuador officer in Ecuador, John Powell, said pass between the two countries. .Among the biggest drug hauls this was among the most successful that he expected between 30 and 50 According to the latest available year, U.S. authorities discovered on countries in the fight against the tons of cocaine, mostly from figures from the U.S. National Long Island, N.Y., on June 30 a production of illicit drugs. Colombia, to pass through Ecuador Household Survey on Drug Abuse, shipment of 5,129 pounds of cocaine The new government of President this year on its way abroad. 72.3 tons of cocaine were used in the hidden in a chocolate shipment from Rodrigo Borja, which took office Drug officials said that Colombian United States in 1985. Ecuador. The drug seizure was the Aug. 10, has declared an all-out fight drug traffickers use Ecuador as a Gustavo Gallegos, head of largest ever made by U.S. authorities against drug trafficking. transshipment point to export Interpol in Ecuador, said in an ouside of Florida. cocaine to the United States, Europe, interview that discoveries of cocaine In another haul, federal agents in The government declares war to Asia and Australia, sometimes shipments from Ecuador often had Port Everglades discovered 2,860 the death on drug trafficking, benefitting from the lack of leads back to Colombian citizens. pounds of cocaine in a shipment of Intcrior Minister Andres Vallejo said knowledge of foreign customs "I cannot say for sure that the frozen food concentrate from days after the inauguration of Borja. officials. Medellin and Cali cartels are Ecuador in April. One U.S. official commented: "Many people abroad have no idea operating in Ecuador but I do know Drug officials said there had been "The Ecuadorean government over where Ecuador is," Powell said. that the discovered shipments have few big drug seizures in Ecuador the last four years has had almost "Some think it is in Africa and do not been large enough only to come from because local authorities had limited total success in readicating coca relate it to drug trafficking." Colombia," he said. He was referring resources for surveillance and it often cultivations in Ecuador and the He said that if a foreign customs to two rival drug gangs that export was better to wait until the drugs current government is continuing to official is greeted by shipments of most of Colombia's cocaine. reached their destination, where the support this policy. flowers from, for instance, Ecuador, After some big cocaine busts, judicial system was more efficient. "Whenever they find coca plants, Colombia and Peru, he is likely to Interpol traced the ownerships of the However, drug officials said they they pull them up," the official search the Colombian and Peruvian Ecuadore an companies that were winning the war against cocaine added. Chilean elections may signal economic changes SANTIAGO (Reuters) -Last "These policies have changed the debt could drop further," Gallagher multilateral institutions and month's plebiscite rejection of face of the country, reducing Chilean said. governments, peaking at $2.1 billion President Augusto Pinochet may risk and attracting foreign The opposition has challenged the in 1993 against$438 'nillionthisyear. signal changes in the economic investment," a senior central bank benefits of debt buy-backs and debtOpposition economists calculate the policies of Chile, whose good credit official said. equity swaps, which they say have gross financing gap will be $3.3 record and conservative debt Chile has been a pioneer in debtturned Chile into a bargainbillion in 1991. strategy have won it the favor of the equity swaps, amounting to about basement for foreign investors. It Foreign bankers in Santiago, world' s financial community. $1.5 billion since 1984, and new claims Chile could have obtained while confident the government has The Chilean opposition, which has investment in such projects as state better repayment terms merely by the debt under control, said they criticized the military government oil and utility firms also is on the rise. negotiating more forcefully. expect Chile to approach them to for not seeking enough concessions The government also has "The governmenthas beentoo soft discuss repayment terms by 1991, on the nation's $18 billion foreign embarked on a new debtwith the banks," said Ricardo especiallyifthe oppositioniselected. debt, is hinting at changes it would management plan, with a $200 Ffrench-Davis, vice president of the Central bank officials say buoyant make if it took power after the million debt buy-back auction which CIEPLAN research institute and a exports, which jumped 36 percent in December 1989 election. closed on Oct. 31. The results of the leading economist in the Christian the first eight months to $4.48 billion, Economists say the financial auction will be announced Democrat party, the largest should cover the increase in the community is growing slightly Wednesday. opposition group. financing costs. This year's trade concerned that Chile may veer But concerns that a democratic Ffrench-Davis said Chile has cut surplus is projected at $2 billion, toward the more militant stance Chile would shift some of its policies interest payments, through debtcompared with last year's $1.23 taken by the Group of Eight Latin have unsettled financial circles. equity swaps, but profit remittance billion. debtors, which includes Brazil and Chilean debt, sold by banks in the from Chilean firms in which But anotheruncertain factor, aside Argentina. As a result, the price of secondary market, dropped 3 cents foreigners hold stakes will begin to from the political outlook, is how Chilean debt in the secondary to 57 cents after the Oct. 5 plebiscite, hit the balance of payments in the long the price of copper will hold its markets is down a few cents on the in which Pinochet's bid to remain in early 1990s. gains. Copper, a key Chilean export, dollar. power was rejected. He also said government has averaged $1.10apound this year, Chilean central bank officials According to David Gallagher, negotiators left a heavy bunching of up from the budgeted 75 cents, and it defend their debt strategy, saying managing director of the Santiagorepayments from 1991 on, when hit a 15-year high of $1.52 in the first that it has achieved a $5.1 billion based investment band Asset Chile, principal payments to commercial week of November. reduction in the country's foreign debt-equity deals have halted since banks surge to $1.2 billion from $83 "In the worst case we would have debt. They add that Chile's good then. million. to reprogram some payments," a record with its creditors has resulted "Banks should be worried and These repayments stay above $1.1 central bank official acknowledged, in one of the most favorable interestthere is already some anticipation in billion for five years with overall referring to the possibility of a crash rate margins in Latin America. the market that the price of Chilean payments, including debts to in the price of the metal. Brazil brings interest payments up to date BRASILIA (Reuters) -Brazil, $2 billion from part of interim Dilson Funaro, Brazil took a hard has soared above 700 percent and the the Third World's biggest debtor, has funding agreed by banks last line on debt and this culminated in government on Friday signed asocial brought interest payments on its November. the interest moratorium. pact with business and trade unions commercial bank debt up to date for Earlier last week Brazil and its The moratorium was declared to try to prevent inflation from the first time since early last year, creditor banks completed an $82 when Brazil's trade surplus was getting even worse. according to the Central Bank. billion restructuring and new money running low and international Last month alone prices rose a A Central Bank spokesman said package. The first disbursement of reserves stood at only $3.9 billion. record 27.25 percent. Brazil had paid $3.76 billion to about $4 billion under the package's Today trade is much healthier and Citibank in New York. Brazil $5.2 billion new money facility is a very different man is at the Finance The new decreed a moratorium on interest expected in the next few weeks. Ministry. Mailson Nobrega, a career payments on its $70 billion bank debt The Central Bank spokesman said civil servant, has returned Brazil to a on Feb. 20, 1987, but effectively Brazil would use $1 billion from this path of complete debt orthdoxy, ended the action about 10 months first disbursement to top up its ending the moratorium and signing i f C1 later. reserves, an accord with the International 0r assirie The latest payment means Brazil The payment to banks marks the Monetary Fund (IMF). has paid all its arrears. completion of Brazil's turnaround on Althoigh Brazil has now restored ads is The Central Bank spokesman said strategy on its debt, which now totals good relations with creditors, it still $1.76 billion had come from Brazil's $118 billion. faces very severe economic problems. 9 international reserves and the other Under former finance minister Inflation over the last 12 months

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4 Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 U.S. news Transportation Department to begin drug testing WASHINGTON (UPI) -The December, 1990. admitted using marijuana minutes "Random testing is a counterproTransportation Department The rules cover 538,000 airline before missing or ignoring several ductive, shotgun strategy that is at imposed controversial new rules last workers, 3 million truck and bus warning signals and steering his train the same time an unwarranted week that will subject 4 million drivers operating in interstate into the path of the Amtrak train. invasion of privacy and of no workers in safety or security jobs to commerce, 90,000 railroad workers, "The potentially disastrous signigicant value in the battle against random drug testing starting 'in 195,500 mass transit workers, consequences that can stem from drug abuse," said Capt. Henry December 1989. 120,000 people working on even a single employee making a Duffy, president of the Air Line The new regulations require commercial vessels and 116,500 mistake because of drug use have Pilots Association, which represents transportation companies to test workers on pipelines that carry compelled us to issue these rules in 42,000 commercial pilots. aviation, mass transit, railroad, natural gas and hazardous liquids. the hope that we can eliminate all Under the regulations, a positive commercial bus and trucking, Transportation secretary James drug use by those who hold such drug test initially will be re-analyzed pipeline and maritime workers. Burnley said a rash of major critical jobs," Burnley said. using a more sophisiticated method Companies also will be required to accidents linked to drugs led the But the regulations almost that Burnley termed "virtually test before they hire a worker, at department to impose the testing certainly face a court challenge from foolproof." regular intervals after hiring, after order, which will cost companies an a number of labor unions who An employee who believes a test accidents and when there is probable estimated $2.1 billion to implement maintain that random drug testing result is inaccurate may appeal to a cause to suspect drug use. over the next decade. violates Fourth Amendment doctor and have a sample analyzed Large companies must start In particular, Burnley cited the protections against unreasonable another time. annual drug testing of half their January 1987 crash of an Amtrak searches. The unions contend that In addition, if there is any workforces in December, 1989, the train and a Conrail locomotive near employees can be legally tested only reasonable question that a sample end of a one-year phase-in period, Baltimore that killed 16 people. The when there is a reasonable suspicion may have mixed with another, the and small companies must do so by Conrail engineer, Ricky Gates, of drug use. test results will be thrown out. Mysteries of deep revealed WASHINGTON (UPI) -The Rona said his team observed large government announced last week plates of earth's crust that are pulling scientists have discovered a apart, and saidsea waterisheated by spectacular field of deep sea hot the volcanic iocks when it seeps springs, minerals and exotic animals through the cracks. located 100 miles off the Oregon Ocean water "leaches metals from coast and stretching for five city the rocks, then rises and deposits the blocks, metallic minerals on the sea floor," The scientists -using a Navy NOAA said. "Diving to depths of diving vehicle called "Sea Cliff" -10,000 feet on the eastern wall of a observed geyser-like spouts, thickets valley in the submerged volcanic of tube worms several feet high and mountain range, the scientists topped with bright red plumes, crabs, observed diffuse flows of lowoctopi and deep sea fish in a temperature fluids seeping up mountain range along the northern through the sea floor, as well as Gorga Ridge at a depth of almost two geyser-like flows of high temperature miles, the National Oceanic and fluids spewing through chimney-like Atmospheric Administration said. structures up to 10 feet high." The temperature in one of the deep-sea springs was measured at The scientists named their find the nearly 500 degrees, said Peter Rona, "Sea Cliff Hydrothermal Field," a Commerce Department scientist recognizing the contributions of the who led the expedition of Navy and its Sea Cliff diving vehicle government and academic in their geological and biological researchers. research. \ Rona called the underwater field NOAA said the expedition was in the Pacific Ocean a "natural coordinated by the Gorda Ride setting providing scientists a new Technical Task Force, which was frontier for scientific investigation to organized in 1984 by the Interior study first-hand how sea floor hot Department and the governors of springs form metallic mineral Oregon and California. deposits, support exotic forms of life, Members of the dive team INVENTORS GET IN THE FRONTDOOR -Inventor Susan Brandt of and influence the ocean environincluded scientists from NOAA, the Pasadena, Calif., shows off a game she designedcalled Win attheRaces, to ment." U.S. Geological Survey, Oregon Sharper Image buyer Walter Watanabe in San Francisco recently. Sharper The first vents in the ocean floor State University, the Oregon Image, the San Francisco-based purveyor of high-tech gadgets; invites off Oregon were first discovered in Department of Geology and Mineral anybody with a dream to show up on the first Wednesday of the month to 1984, scientists said, and more vents Industries, the University of show their creations in an attempt tofindtruly unique merchandisefor the were found in 1987 before the latest California-Davis and the University company's 63 stores. (AP Laserphoto) underwater find in late October. of Hawaii. Couples tend to be healthier than singles, government researchers say BOSTON (UPI) -Married people activities due to disease or married or remarry, and those who and those who cohabitate are impairment, compared to 20.1 do marry are more likely to get apparently healthier overall than percent of single men, 19.7 percent of divorced. their single, divorced and widowed divorced men and 18.8 percent of Another partial explanation is that counterparts, government rewidowed men. married people have greater social searchers reported today. Similarly, 14.2 percent of married support, which usually improves Charlotte Schoenborn of the women reported some limitation -.health. National Center for Health Statistics compared to 20.2 percent of single Also, married men and women are said a 1987 survey of 122,859 people women, 20.8 percent of divorced and less likely to smoke cigarettes, drink in 47,240 families nationwide found 27.8 percent of widowed women. ls heavily or drive after they have been married people had fewer health When the respondents were asked drinking. They are more likely to problems than unmarried people. to rate their health, only 11.3 percent have installed smoke detectors in "The data .demonstrate that in of the married men rated their health -their homes and more likely to wear spite of the recent changes in as fair or poor compared to 14.1 seatbelts. American marital patterns there was percent of the single men, 15.6 Married people also reported Studies have also shown that still a clear association between being percent of the divorced men and 17.6 more acute conditions, more days in single people live in less organized well and being m a rr i e d, percent of widowers. which their activity was restricted households and eat more erratically, Schoenborn and her colleagues Among women, only 12 percent of due to acute conditions, and greater which could have a negative impact wrote in a paper delivered at a those who were married rated their use of hospitals and doctor visits, on health. meeting of the American Public health that way compared to 13.4 The researchers noted that one Separation and divorce are also Health Association. percent of single women, 18.3 explanation for the finding is that considered stressful life events, which Of the married men, 15.1 percent percent of divorced women and 18.9 people with physical or emotional can have an adverse impact on reported some limitation in their percent of widows. disorders would be less likely to get health, they said.

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Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 5 U.S. news Texas wins in race for $4.4 billion supercollider WASHINGTON (AP) -Texas Many in Congress argue that the -Alan Dixon and Paul Simon of utilizing a fair, open and competitive beat out six other states last week in a project will hurt more useful Illinois; Reiegle and Carl Levin of The decision was announced two high-stakes race to capture the $4.4 scientific research. Congress has Michigan; Dennis DeConcini and days after George Bush, a Texan, was billion superconducting supercolagreed to provide $100 milion this John McCain of Arizona; and Tim elected president. lider, which will be the largest year for research and engineering Wirth and William Armstrong of Herrington said the Texas site scientific instrument ever design. None of that may be used for Colorado -asked Reagan to about 16,000 farm acres in Ellis constructed if Congress finds the construction. establish a bipartisan commission of County 35 miles south of Dallas money to build it. Nonetheless, states eagerly sought physicists to review all the seven was "superior" to the others for The announcement by Energy the project, which is expected to finalist sites. building the collider, a 53-mile Department Secretary John create 3,000 scientific jobs and 3,500 The senators said that ifthe project underground tunnel capable of Herrington drew immediate protests construction jobs, great prestige and "is to have the slightest chance of whipping proton beams into each from losing states, where officials a nonpolluting industry with untold being funded,", Reagan must other with 20 times the force of the had waged a years-long battle to win scientific spinoffs for the host state. demonstrate that the decision "was world's most powerful existing the giant atom smasher and the jobs Eight senators from finalist states based solely on scientific criteria particle accelerator. and scientific prestige that will go to its home state. "The Texas decision has a strong smell of White House politics," said Sen. Donald Riegle, D-Mich. "We and the other five finalist states got a raw deal." Illinois officials also were angered. House Minority Leader Robert Michel called on President Reagan to review Herrington's decision. The site would be called the Ronald Reagan Center for High Energy Physics. "The Texas proposal clearly received the highest overall technical evaluation ratings of any proposal and exhibited no significant overall weaknesses," Herrington said. "I have to tell you there are no politics in this," he said at a news conference attended by such prominent Texans as House Speaker Jim Wright and Sen.Lloyd Bentsen, both Democrats, and GOP Sen. Phil Gramm. ; Questions remain whether money will be appropriated to build the supercollider, a machine that WELCOME SAKHARO V Soviet physicist and Nobel laureate A ndrei Sakharov, left, talks to his step-daughter, physicists hope will help them Tatiana Yankelevich, upon his arrival recently at Boston's Logan Airport. (AP Laserphoto) explain the very origin of matter. Child psychologist gets 60 days for falsifying scientific data BALTIMORE (UPI) -A also ordered Breuning to pay the A former colleague, Robert salary that came from the federal psychologist considered a leading University of Pittsburgh $11,352 Sprague, who is a professor at the grants. .xpert on drug therapies for restitution before placing him on five Institute for Research on Human Kaufman, who also ordered hyperactive children was sentenced years' probation. Development at the University of Breuning to serve 250 hours of last week to 60 days in prison in the "It is certainly atime in my lifethat Illinois, said Breuning was community service, said the crime nation's first federal conviction for I am ashamed of and embarrassed responsible for a third of the was one man has engaged in since falsifying scientific data. about," Breuning told Kaufman. "I literature available on drug therapy the beginning of the human race, Dr. Stephen Breuning pleaded will never forget it." for hyperactive children during the but added that he had to "fashion a guilty in September to two counts of Breuning was indicted in April for years of his research. Sprague first sentence that sends out a message falsifying data on drug therapies, making false statements to the prompted an investigation into the that this is a very serious kind of including ritalin and dexedrine, in National Institute of Mental Health data in 1983, saying he was fraud." order to obtain more than $160,000 and obstructing the agency's suspicious of the results. "There isn't any question in federal research grants. investigation into the authenticity of Four years later, an internal (Breuning) will pay dearly for what U.S District Judge Frank his data during his tenure at the NIMH Investigation determined he has done," Kaufman said, "and Kaufman, who said the researcher's University of Pittsburgh Medical Breuning "knowingly, willfully and will pay dearly for the rest of his life." "whole career has been destroyed,' School from 1982 to 1984. repeatedly engaged in misleading and deceptive practices in reporting Rats go wacky for potent'Wbacy resutsof research." R go YjThe case was turned over to the Justice Department and Breuning TITUSVILLE, Fla. (UPI) -But Winstead said when was accused of falsifying data Dirty rats are running amok in a evidence keepers went into the concerning the number of children deserted courthouse north of storage room this week, "they invloved in studies, among other Cape Canaveral, partying on were knee deep in grass gnawed things, in order to obtain $162,500 marijuana stashed in the evidence apart by rats." for a study, "Stimulant Drug Use room and even popping into the The rodents ripped into and with Mentally Retarded Children." former quarters of a circuit judge. partially ate at least three bales. Assistant U.S. Attorney E. "It looks like they went wacky Rats have been seen elsewhere in Thomas Roberts said the case over that tobaccy," said Brevard the building and traps and poisons represents the first conviction under County Clerk of Court Ray have been scattered about. federal fraud statutes of a researcher Winstead. "Maybe after the rats Winstead said the rats will require for falsifying information to obtain ate the marijuana they got brave an exterminator before they federal grants. and decided to go face the judge." become a real health hazard.ordered Attracting the rodents is Therat patrolhasdonenothing Breuning not to engage in research "Square Grouper," the bales of to hurt pending cases, Winstead for 10 years, allowed him to serve his marijuana that wash ashore and said, and officials are debating prison time in a work release are nicknamed for an ocean fish. how to dispose of the remaining program near Rochester, Mich. The dope has been stored in the marijuana. Meanwhile, a cache of where he now runs a music store. six-story building because rat droppings in the evidence Thejudge said Breuning an servehi officials figured it would be safe: room is a deterrent to pot seueeaidvringanervehis humans abandoned the courthouse pilferage by humans. sentence at varying intervals, so his new career would not be affected. in February because of asbestos "It would leave a bad taste in The restitution to the University of contamination. their mouth, Winstead said. Pittsburgh was the amount of his

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6 Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 military news ARPERCEN'spells out'fraternization rules WASHINGTON (ARNEWS) --Actual or perceived partiality or -Participation at social breaking the rules. Fraternization is In the Army, fraternization is unfairness. functions. Attendance is permissible a crime, and the manual for courtssomething different from improper -Improper use of rank or at gatherings such as hail-andmartial specifies the maximum superior-subordinate relationships, position for personal gain. farewell, dining-in events and office punishment of dismissal, forfeiture say officials in the Army Reserve -Undermining of the discipline, parties. of all pay and allowances and Personnel Center's Inspector authority or unit morale. -Unit recreational activities. confinement for two years. General Office here. Application of the improper -Participation in community Sanctions for breaking the policies The two infractions are distinct, relationships policies affect any organizations and activities. pertaining to improper superiorand officials note that the separate military relationship when a rank or -Family relationships. subordinate relationships include policy strictures of both apply to position difference exists. Improper -Professional development counseling, extra training or Army National Guard and Reserve relationships can exist between courses and social activities related instruction, denial of leave or pass, soldiers, as well as to members of the officers, between officers and NCOs, to such courses. letter of reprimand, suspension of active Army. between NCOs, between NCOs and Where special conditions require favorable personnel actions, adverse Fraternization enlisted soldiers, and between more specific guidance, command evaluation reports, administrative Army Reserve Inspector General enlisted soldiers. and local regulations may clarify reduction in grade, bar to reofficials say fraternization is a Improper relationships prohibited what is and is not considered an enlistment, relief for cause and criminal offense, set out in Article by the regulation include: improper relationship. administrative separation. 134 of the Uniform Code of Military -Gambling. Penalties For more background on the Justice. The article calls -Borrowing or loaning money. Army's present policies, read the fraternization "conduct or -Soliciting or offering gifts other Another difference between article "Fraternization," by Maj. association by a commissioned or than voluntary gifts of slight value. fraternization and improper Kevin Carter in "Military Law warrant officer with an enlisted -Commercial activities other relationships lies in the penalties for Review," 1986, Volume 113. soldier on terms of military equality than those sanctioned by AR 210-7 in violation of the custom of the and AR 600-50. Army, provided such conduct is also -Use of or dealing in illegal prejudicial to good order and drugs. discipline, or service discrediting." -Drinking, except at unitAn example of fraternization, say sponsored events, promotion parties IG officials, is when an officer enters or consolidated clubs. into a romantic relationship with a -Sexual harassment. noncommissioned officer directly in -Nepotism. that officer's chain of command or -Certain types of "good old boy" :pervision. relationships. Until recently, only officers and -Criminal activities. warrant officers could be charged Other superior-subordinate with fraternization, but a recent relationships do not violate Army court of military review decision policies: states that N COs can be charged with -Dating. Army policies allow fraternization under Article 134. dating between soldiers of different Improper relationships ranks, but there are restrictions. Unlike fraternization, improper Improper dating relationships superior-subordinate relationships include those which involve soldiers violate Army policies but do not in each other's command or rating constitute crimes. Anyone -chains; between trainers and regardless of rank -can be called to trainees, and between soldiers who account for improper relationships, occupy supervisory or professionally which are spelled out in AR 600-20, influential positions in relation to Paragraph 5-7F. each other. The regulation says that -Exchanging simple courtesies. relationships between soldiers of Gesture such as shaking hands, different rank are to be avoided when praising a well-donejob or opening a such relationships cause any of the door for another soldier are perfectly following: acceptable. Army researches ways to train soldiers with less money FORT LEE, Va. (ARNEWS) -registration specialist. According to Strongin, training Students who fail the post-test Nith continuing emphasis on budget "Computers actually interact with with ICW involves a process of prereceive more training. restraint, the Army has had to find the student, providing feedback and testing on a task. Students who fail The computer programs explain ways to train soldiers to standard repeating tasks when necessary to the pre-test go through a practical all the materials the student will be with less money. ensure competence," said Walters. exercise, then take a post-test. using, then how to perform each task The solution to the problem of in a step-by-step demonstration, then providing the necessary instruction ask the student to perform the task. has been found at the U.S. Army ort D rum gets new troops The student is given a choice of' Quartermaster School here. The responses, from which he selects an answer: computerized Interactive FT. DRUM, N.Y. (ARNEWS) answer using either a keyboard or Course Ware. -A major milestone in the $1.3 lightpen to touch the answer on the According to Richard E. Strongin, billion Ft. Drum expansion is monitor screen. 'recent advances in integrated scheduled to be passed in midShould a task not be performed -ircuitry, development of low-cost, November, when the U.S. Army correctly, the program returns to the high-capacity computer memory and Corps of Engineers turns over the point where the error occurred and refinement of the optical video disc 10th Mountain Division (Light guides the soldier through the proper permitted us to develop ICW Infantry), its first new troop procedure until the task in training." Strongin serves as acting complex. successfully completed. chief of the course development Six barracks buildings, three According to Strongin, a major division in Fort Lee's Directorate of battalion headquarters, one advantage of the ICW is that is Training and Doctrine, brigade headquarters, a dining provides both a "residential" and an "The system provides audio-visual hall and a vehicle maintenance "exportable" training program. It material organized into modules for facility will become the new home can be used to make sure both active training and testing students on of the 10th Mountain Division's and reserve component soldiers individual tasks," explained 2nd Brigade. The brigade is receive equal levels of training. Thurmon D. Walters, a training currently stationed at Fort Safety is a factor, as well. The ICW specialist with the course Benning, Ga. system doesn't require students to development division, Completed on schedule, the handle dangerous chemical or The Quartermaster School project turnover comes at the petroleum products. recently began using this progressive peak of the Fort Drum "The possibilities for using this form of training in two military construction program. Five other training method are only limited by occupational specialities: petroleum troop complexes are still in the imagination of the designers who laboratory specialist and graves various stages of construction. develop the programs," Strongin I________________________I___________ said.

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Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 / sports Atlantic athletes 'seeking the gold' at Turkey Bowl by SFC Marshall B. Wilkins and Jennifer Morsch of 29th Military of the U.S. Southern Command will Entertainment Intelligence Battalion, usually receive a special trophy. First Half, Championship Football FORT DAVIS (USARSO PAO) -competes in the many fun runs, bike The Turkey Bowl trophy will be Game Atlantic community athletes, like races, triathlons, and biathlons held awarded to the service that compiles Halftime Entertainment hose in the Pacific community are throughout the year in the Atlantic the largest number of points in the Second Half, Championship Football preparing for Wednesday's "war" at community. overall competitions. Game Balboa Stadium, in which airmen, 'Shlink believes that most soldiers The Turkey Bowl will kick off at 4 Marines, sailors and soldiers will are physically active people. "I feel p.m. with a pregame show by the Turkey Bowl 1988 will culminate battle it out in the annual Turkey the military aspect of physical 79th Army Band and an opening with the closing ceremonies and Bowl. training is to keep yourself prepared. ceremony which will include an interpresentation of awards to athletes Michael Shlink of 747th Military The athletic activities that we have service parachute demonstration and and services at 8:45 p.m. Intelligence Battalion, is the biathlon help channel a soldier's competitive the Parade of Athletes. The year's foremost sporting event coach for the Atlantic athletes and energy in a positive way." The games will begin promptly at in Panama is open to the entire plans on competing. Shlink, as well .He said annual events like the 4:20 p.m. The sequence of events for community. Tickets are on sale now as Ed Yost of 3rd Bn., 7th SFG Turkey Bowl and Transisthmian Turkey Bowl follows: and may be purchased through unit (Abn); Susan Rife of 1097th Relay Race provide the motivation 1-Mile (Female) Relay -representatives or by calling the Transportation Company; Kimberly and incentive for soldiers to stay in 2-Mile (Male) Relay D i r ec t o r a t e o f P e r s o n n e I Piper of JOTC; Chad Ochs of 1097th shape throughout the year. The First Flag Football Playoff Game Administration, U.S. Army South, Commanding General's Fun Runs, Biathlon (Female Swim/Run) at 87-4033. boxing smokers, bike races, Biathlon (Male Swim/Run) Parking facilities at Balboa NHlL Standings triathlons and biathlons are the 10KM Run Stadium are limited. Military shuttle WALES CONFERENCE "training grounds" that help keep Second Flag Football Playoff Game service to and from the stadium will Patrick Division soldiers fit. 2-Mile (Female) Relay be provided for all authorized users. W L T Pts GF GA Training for Turkey Bowl NY Rangers 11 6 3 25 85 66 hopefuls provides a new challenge. Pittsburgh 10 10 0 20 92 96 Biathlon training includes a 300 New Jersey 8 9 3 19 69 75 meter swim for women, 500 meter f3 R Washington 8 9 2 18 66 67 swim for men, as well as running, for Philadelphia 8 12 1 17 80 82 the other half of the event. "Some of 9 NY Islanders 710 2 16 57 72 our athletes are new to the biathlon, so I tell them not to swim all out, Adams Division because they have to save something Montreal 11 8 3 25 87 79 for the run," Shlink said. Boston 9 6 5 23 75 61 "We go thru peaks and valleys in Buffalo 8 11 2 18 73 89 our training so we want to make sure Quebec 7 12 2 16 76 97 that we build a good base and peak Hartford 7 12 1 15 67 77 during the Turkey Bowl. We want to CAMPBELL CONFERENCE perform at our max during that Norris Division competition," he explained. W' L T Pts GF CA All soldiers are required to be in top physical condition at all times. In Detroit 10 5 4 24 75 67 this respect, the Turkey Bowl athletes Toronto 9 11 1 19 72 83 are no different than any other St. Louis 8 7 3 19 64 68 soldier. Competition in events such Shicago 6 11 4 16 87 99 as the 10K race, biathlon, relay races Minnesota 4 13 3 11 60 87 and flag football; will answer the Smythe Division question about which branch of the Calgary 14 4 3 31 94 54 service is the most physically fit. Los Angeles 13 7 0 26 107 87 Athletes will "Go For The Gold" in Edmonton 12 6 2 26 88 73 the 1988 Turkey Bowl Wednesday at Winnipeg 8 6 3 19 69 66 Balboa Stadium. Vancouver 8 11 3 19 70 68 The Thanksgiving Eve classic will feature male and female athletes from the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps and Panama EASTERN CONFERENCE Canal Commission. They will Atlantic Division compete for gold, silver and bronze medals in running, swimming and W L Pct, GB flag football. New York 6 3 .667 -The winning football team from New Jersey 5 4 .556 1 among the four component services Philadelphia 5 4 .556 1 Bstor, 4 5 .444 2 College football bowl schedule Charlotte 2 6 .25o 3.l/ Central Division Detroit 8 1 .889 -By United Press International Dec. -1 Cleveland 6 1 .857 1 Dec, 10 Peach Bowl Atlanta 6 .667 2 California Bowl owa 6 s. North Caro ina State (7-7-1) Chicago 5 4 .556 Western Michigan (8-2) vs. Fresno State (8-2) Jan. 1 Milwaukee 3 .50 1/2 Dec. 23 Gator Bowl Indiana 0 9 .000 B Independence Bowl Georgia (7-3) vs. Michigan State (6-4-1) WESTERN CONFERENCE Southern Mississippi (9-2) vs. Texas-El Paso (10-2) Jan. 2 Midwest Division Dec. 24 Hall of Fame Bowl W L Pct. GB Sun Bowl Syracuse (8-2) vs. Louisiana State (7-3) or Auburn (9-11 Utah 5 2 .714 -Alabama (7-21) vs. Army (8-2) Citrus Bowl Dallas 6 3 .667 -Dec. 25 Clemson (9-21) vs. Oklahoma 19-2) Denver 6 3 .667 -Aloha Bowl Cotton Bowl Houston 6 3 .667 -Washington State (8-3) vs. Houston (9-2) Arkansas (10-0) vs. UCLA (9-2) San Antonio 2 6 .250 3 1/2 Dec. 28 Fiesta Bowl Miami 0 7 .000 5 Liberty Bowl Notre Dame (10-01 vs. West Virginia (10-0 Pacific Division South Carolina (8-3) vs. Indiana (7-3-1) Rose Bowl L.A. Lak:ers 6 2 .750 -Dec. 29 Michisan (R-9--) ",n Oh-rn P-inl-I Golden State 5 4 .556 1 1/2 All-American Bowl Sugar Bowl Seattle 4 4 .500 2 Florida (6-4) vs. Illinois (6-4-1) Auburn (9-1) or Louisiana State (7-3) vs. Florida State(9-1) L.A. Clippers 4 5 .444 2 1/2 Freedom Bowl Orange Bowl Phoenix 4 5 .444 2 1/2 Brigham Young (8-3) vs. Colorado (8-31) Nebraska (11-1) vs. Miami (8-1) Portland 3 5 .375 3 Dec. 30 Sacramento 1 7 .125 5 Holiday Bowl Wyoming (10-1) vs. O11ahxma State (2-2 x-automatic cowl berth

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8 Tropic Times Nov. 21, 1988 Young Americans fatter than ever, researcher says SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -higher. 3 percent chance of being obese, those aged 12 to 17. Obesity was less Young Americans are more "Television viewing for children is compared to a 25 percent chance of prevalent among blacks than whites, overweight than ever, a "fattening of now practically a full-time job equal obesity among adults who watch but that gap has narrowed recently, America" that one researcher blames to the time spent in school," he said, three hours per day. he said. on a generation of couch potatoes adding that television viewing is up Specifically, Gortmaker found Obesity is equally prevalent that spends as much time watching from an average of 18 hours per week that between the late 1960s and 1980, among wealthy and poor children, television as it does in the classroom. in 1968. obesity rates went up 54 percent Gortmaker found. The greatest Rates of obesity among children Diet, a general decline in physical among children aged 6 to 11. Rates number of obese youths are found in and adolescents went up an average activity, and TV commercials that of super-obesity went up 98 percent the Northeast, while the fewest are of about 45 percent between 1960 reinforce the appeal of high-calorie in the same age group. Among west of the Mississippi River. and the early 1980s, said Steven foods contribute to the dramatic youths aged 12 to 17, obesity went up Obese children face health risks Gortmaker, associate professor and increase in overweight youths, said 39 percent and super-obesity rose by including hypertension, psychoacting chairman of the Department Gortmaker, who explained his 64 percent. social damage, respiratory and of Behavioral Sciences at Harvard "couch potato hypothesis" recently Obesity and super-obesity were orthopedic problems. They also tend University. at an American Dietetic Association measured with a skinfold test that to become overweight adults, A key factor in explaining the rise meeting. does not readily translate into Gortmaker said. is 1983 studies that show children The link between TV-watching percentage of body fat or other To counter the trend, he spend an average of at least 25 hours and obesity rates holds true for measurements, he said. recommended individualized a week in front of the television, said adults, too, he said. One study The greatest increase among males programs to target overweight Gortmaker, who speculated that the showed that adults who watch an was between the ages of 6 and 11, and youth, and school and communityactual number of viewing hours is hour of television a day or less have a the biggest among females was in based nutrition programs. Voyager 2 makesea right' for Neptune PASADENA, CALIF. (UPI) The intrepid Voyager 2 spacecraft, nearly 3 billion miles from home and hurtling toward a close encounter with Neptune, changed course last week in a maneuver equivalent to a right turn in interplanetary space. "It made a slight veering to the right," Lanny Miller, manager of the Voyager flight engineering office at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said of the critical move that aims the spacecraft toward Neptune's cloud tops. Voyager will cruise past the planet's North Pole in a historic flyby next summer that will also permit some high-tech snapshots of Neptune's moon Triton. Last week's manuevering of Voyager from JPL's deep space network will bring it 6,200 miles nearer the planet during its close A USTRALL4NRODEO -This bull, 'Eight isEnough, has only been successfully ridden once in 249 tries. The one encounter scheduled for 9 p.m. PDT man to stay on, Steve Hilton, last year, took home $580 in prize money. (AP Laserphoto) Aug. 24, 1989. Five hours after that flyby, Voyager will zoom within 24,000 miles of Triton for the first "closeSicily declares Ustica waters natural reserve up" view of that distant body, which some scientists say harbors lakes of liquid nitrogen. USTICA, Sicily (AP) -Two about every activity is forbidden: Ustica's waters once abounded in "We really don't know anything bright yellow buoys in the cobalt blue fishing from boats or underwateer, large stone bass, but no longer. about Triton. There's no way you can sea around the volcanic island of boating and even swimming, except Fishing with drag nets and tell very much about it from earthUstica protect an increasingly for two small inlets where bathing is indiscriminate catches by based telescopes. We do know that it endangered Italian treasure -clear, permitted. Local authorities can underwater fishermen have cut down is about the size of earth's moon. clean water and the rich marine life in restrict fishing permits for the rest of the population of the species. "Some people believe it may have it. the island's waters, and undersea the World Wildlife fund in Italy, liquid nitrogen on it," Miller said. The buoys also mark one of the fishing is forbidden around half of which manages the Trieste reserve, "But whether or not lakes of liquid government's first efforts to save the the island. estimates that the planned total of 20 nitrogen are there is purely seas that surround Italy -the Ustica's volcanic rocks and caves reserves would protect barely 2 speculative. -That's why we're going Ligurian, Tkyrrhenian, Adriatic, snare plankton carried by strong, percent of Italy's coastal waters. -to findout." Ionian and Mediterranean. cold Atlantic currents entering the Counting the two reserves and other Miller said the latest maneuvering From sea floor to surface, from Mediterranean through Gibralter to small stretches of seashore watched of the craft, now 2.6 billion miles shore to three miles out, the the southeast and flow by the island. over by environmental groups, the from earth, involved "a change in crystalline waters surrounding Plankton, tiny forms of sea life, is a WWF says that only 40 miles of velocity of 1 mph," which slightly Ustica, about 35 miles north of key link in the food chain for the Italy's 5,000 miles of coastline have slowed its usual traveling speed of Sicily, have been decreed a natural island's exotic undersea greenhousesome kind of protection. 42,466 mph. marine reserve. menagerie. The results are 24-hour "We can't wait 10 years" for the "We were headed some distance Along with a small corner of the undersea dining rooms as colorful as other 18 reserves, says Antonio Canu away and now we've moved it a little Adoiatic near Trieste to the north, found in the tropics. the group's Rome office. "The sea bit closer to the planet," said Miller, Ustica was the first to enjoy special Some samples from the sea swim This summer was especially harsh wloVn iles" from its destnat 57.7 protection under a decree by .e in three fish tanks set up in an 18th for Italian waters. In July, bathers While en route, the spacecraft is environmental and merchant marie Century stone guard tower on a bluff had to abandon a fashionable sending back "information about the ministries in Novemer, .overlooking the reserve. Tuscan beach for a week after an solar system medium and what we The decree called for 18 more Each tank represents a different explosion at a pesticide plant spilled call field and particle data," Miller reserves -among them Sardinia's depth of the sea. There are crimson toxic chemicals over a stretch of said of reports on the highly charged sapphire seas and the thermal waters "sea tomatoes," which look like jelly Italy's northwestern coast. space through which the probe is of the Aeolian Islands off Sicily's apples, spindly orange coral and "sea On the east coast, gondoliers and traveling. northeastern coast. So far, however, roses" -creatures that seem like their tourist clients in Venice endured, Ustica and Trieste are the only ones flowere spun out of delicate pink the stench of decaying algae, which Voyager 2 was launched in August to be created. lace. There are urchins, too, although flourished on tons of untreated 1977, about a month before its twin In Ustica's case, the buoys mark a fishing and disease have whittled industrial and human garbage spacecraft Voyager I was sent on a slice of the reserve in which just their numbers. pouring into the lagoon. similar solar system odyssey.