Title: Spillway
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098946/00024
 Material Information
Title: Spillway
Physical Description: 1 v. : ill. ; 28-43 cm.
Language: Spanish
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights C.Z
Publication Date: November 23, 1962
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: Spanish and English.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Oct. 30, 1957 (experimental issue)-v.1 no.32 (Jan. 25, 1963).
General Note: Official publication of the Panama Canal Company.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098946
Volume ID: VID00024
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07258071
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Panama Canal spillway

Full Text

Vol. 1, No. 23 Weekly Publication of the Panama Canal Friday, November 23, 1962

The first physical contact with land for
ships coming in from the Pacific high seas
is the Miraflores Locks area. During the
channel approach, the Canal pilot aboard
has been in radio communication. Line-
men on the ship are ready. The ship is
met at Miraflores by the two boatmen
who come rowing out with the lead lines
(THE SPILLWAY, September 14) to which
the towing cables are to be attached.
Beside the boatmen, other Miraflores
workers are under the direction of which-
ever Lockmaster is on duty. Though each
pilot gives signals to the towing locomo-
tives for pulling or braking, it is the Lock-
master who makes sure there are enough
mules, operators, and cables on the walls
to handle the vessel.
His "Open when ready!" tells the Control
House Operator that the lockage crew is
in position, and that the chain and/or gates
can be opened. His "Ready for water!" is
the signal to loose the thousands of gallons
needed to fill the chamber and lift the
transiting craft.

Each lamppole on the lockwalls has a
plug-in telephone socket. Each Lockmaster
carries a portable telephone over which he
exchanges orders with the control tower.
If the control operator wishes to speak to
the Lockmaster, he sounds a loud, squawk-
ing horn which corresponds to the ring of
a telephone.
While the number of men on duty varies
with the type of traffic and the hour,
there is always a lockage crew. This con-
sists of 8 to 10 locomotive operators (each
with a helper), an outerwall gang and
centerwall gang of line handlers and
boatmen, a control house operator and a
Lockmaster for each chamber, plus various
maintenance men and security guards.
All men work on a rotating shift basis
with 2 days off a week. Operations start
at 6 a.m. to be ready for the number one
transit. Lockages continue until about
1:30 a.m.-or longer if special ships or
heavy traffic show up.

Guides Now Board

Passenger Ships

Shipping lines upon request now are
able to obtain a running commentary by
members of the Canal Zone Guide Service
for passenger ships which transit the water-
way. When each liner is ready to start
transit, two guides go aboard. They report
to the purser, who provides a microphone
connected to the ship's public address
Guides distribute informational litera-
ture and give an overall introduction to
the Canal. They tell what is hapenning as
the vessel approaches the locks, recount
the history of Canal construction and
explain the function of the waterway as a
funnel for world commerce.
Landmarks and technical matters are
noted as the transit progresses and the
guides answer visitors' questions.
Both ship operators and passengers have
voiced high approval of the guides'

BAMBOO ORCHIDS AND ROPE, bridge games and baseball all
have a place in the life of bo'sun Edgar R. Lawrence, whose chief
duty at Miraflores is directing the "bull gang" which sees to it that
towing lines are properly spliced and of the right length. There's
also the matter of keeping the locks clear of debris. Sometimes the
bo'sun supervises the line-handlers. Born in Panama and educated
in Canal Zone and Jamaica schools, he has more than 30 years of
service, is listed on the "TO" as a Leader, Maintenance Man
(Rope and Wire Cable). He has a married daughter, three sons in
school; lives with Mrs. Lawrence in Paraiso.

MOVING THE NAVY ALONG is all in the day's work for Lock-
master Harry F. Willenbrock, a born-and-trained New Yorker
recruited in 1939 from Bayside, Long Island, to do electrical work
on emergency defense projects. He'd learned his trade through
apprenticeship and evening courses after completing public school.
He stayed on the Locks because, at the end of a shift, a man feels
some satisfaction: "You've done something. You've put some ships
through." Hardest to handle of all, he believes, were Essex-type
carriers. His wife is a New York nurse to whom he was engaged
when he came to Panama. Mr. and Mrs. Willenbrock live in
Ancon with their 16-year old daughter.


Ir rr



Parade of Sports
Chapel of the Air
Wide World of Sports
Science in Action
CFN News
Sacred Heart
Parents Ask About
Air Power
Danny Thomas
Ed Sullivan Show
Weekend News Review
So This Is Iollywood
Final Edition
Encore: Westinghouse

First Edition
Magic Land of
Wonders of the World
4-Star Edition
Greatest Dramas
Zane Grev Theater
Have Yo'n Read
Music On Ice
CFN News
Movietime: "Vogues"

1:(X) Final Edition 7:15
11:15 Encore: Ed Sullivan 7:30
Show 8:00
4:50 Billboard 11:00
5:00 First Edition 11:15
5:05 Kids Klub
5:30 Crisis
6:00 4-Star Edition
6:35 Medicare
7:00 Sclool of the Americas
7:15 Armed Forces News 4:50
7:30 Andy Griffith 5:00
8:00 American Woman at 5:05
Home 5:30
8:55 CFN News 600
9:00 Armchair Theater: 6:35
"I Met My Love 7:00
Again" 8:15
10:30 Overseas Adventure 8:30
11:00 Final Edition 8:55
11:15 Encore: Music On Ice 9:00
4:50 Billboard
5:00 First Edition
5:05 Shari Lewis Show 4:50
5:30 Focus On America 5:00
6:00 4-Star Edition 5:05
6:35 Report 5:30
7:00 Around and About 6:00

Along the Banks...

***LAST week, Guides introduced 1,572
transiting-ship visitors to the Canal. There
were also 1,356 visitors at Miraflores, 198
at Gatun, and 667 aboard the Canal's own
tour launches-a 3,793 total.
hobby of one of the four men of Miraflores
pictured this week. He is Chester A. Luhr
(photo in Spanish section), who has the
unusual designation: Towing Locomotive
Operator and Blacksmith. Chet once tried
his hand at shoeing horses, but gave it up
because "We didn't get along very well."
He gets along famously forging sundry
brackets, clamps, tools, and other things
needed on the Locks, especially at overhaul
time. He has his way with an oil-heated
forge, an 800-pound forging hammer, an
anvil, and sledges. Chet took his apprentice-
ship in Tacoma, Wash., was recruited from
Milwaukee, Wis., in 1939, for defense
work. He married a St. Louis girl who now
teaches at Los Rios. They have a son at
Furman University, Greenville, S.C., and
a daughter in high school. In his off time,
Chet enjoys hunting pigeons in The Volcan,
Chiriqui. Year 'round the barbership chords
bring relaxation, as they did most recently
at the United Fund benefit.
***RAISING GOATS on his small finca
at Cerro Azul, R. of P., is the offtime
interest of Sgt. Lawrence W. Jenkins,
Security Supervisor at Miraflores (Photo
in Spanish section). He and Mrs. Jenkins
make their home in Balboa where they are
now enjoying a young granddaughter.
Sergeant Jenkins first headed for Panama
when he was with a Canadian mining con-
cern. After a hitch in the Army here, he
went to work for the Canal in 1937, has
been with the Locks Division 10 years.
#**NEWLY ADMITTED to practice law

Death Valley Days
Price Is Right
Tennessee Ernic Ford
CFN News
Fight of the Week
Final Edition
Encore: American
Woman at Home

First Edition
Kids Klub
Salute to the States
4-Star Edition
Pro Bowlers Tour
Airman's World
CFN News
Sing Along With Mitch
The Witness
Final Edition
Encore: Tonight

First Edition
Boots and Saddles
4-Star Edition

Robin Hood
Heal McCoys
Bell Telephone Hour
CFN News
Candid Camera
What's My Line
CFN Bowling
Final Edition
Friday Night Theater:
"The Big Fix"

Cartoon Carnival
Captain Kangaroo
Saturday Matinee:
"I Met My Love
U.S. Navy
American Bandstand
Sports Time
CFN News
The Big Picture
The Texan
To Tell the Truth
Lawrence Welk
CFN News
Circle Theater
What's My Line
The Lively Ones
Final Edition
Encore: Bell Telephone

before the U.S. District Court for the Dis-
trict of the Canal Zone is Canal employee
Paul Robbins, Assistant to the Comptroller.
***A FAMILIAR FACE depicted in the
Spanish section is that of Mrs. Olga
Yolanda Griffith, Supervisor of Personnel
Files, Administrative Branch. A graduate
of the Instituto Panamericano in Panama
City, she joined the Canal 4 years ago.
***EACH MONTH NOW a Cultural
Calender of events in the Republic and the
Canal Zone is being issued in Spanish and
English by Concreto, S.A., and Aserradero
El Chagres, S.A., of Panama. This publi-
cation is available at the Main Canal
Library on Gaillard Highway and at the
Cristobal, Paraiso, and Rainbow City
***GORGAS MEDICS who received cer-
tifications from specialty boards recently
were Dr. Casper Rea, now certified in
both general surgery and thoracic surgery;
Maj. Fred G. Hilkert, M.C., certified in
psychiatry; and Maj. Donald G. Moyer,
M.C., certified in dermatology.
*** FORMER ZONIAN Paul M. Tebbs
of Lewisberry, Pa., has donated some in-
teresting historical photographs for the
collection of the Canal Zone Library-
Museum. Former banksider Tebbs also
included a careful list of the names of the
people in his photos. The Library-Museum
welcomes similar gifts.

Library Books Circulate Fast

Books in Canal Zone libraries were
borrowed and returned at the most rapid
rate ever during October, when circulation
hit 35,901 and 1,872 reference questions
were answered. Figures a year ago were
31,934 and 1,108.
In addition, the Main Library on Gail-
lard Highway had its peak day of all time
November 5 when 964 books circulated.

See Canal Film
Residents of the United States are learn-
ing more about the Panama Canal these
days by seeing the 16 mm. sound film
"The Panama Canal" which had been
viewed by an estimated audience of
1,884,900 before September 20.
The 282-minute film has been shown in
22 States and the District of Columbia to
private groups, in large industrial plants
and over 25 television stations.
Association Films, Inc., with offices in
Ridgefield, N.J., La Grange, Ill., San Fran-
cisco, Calif., and Dallas, Tex., is handling
stateside distribution.
Isthmian groups and organizations may
obtain the free loan of the film, either in
black and white or in color and in either
Spanish or English at the U.S.I.S. in Pan-
ama City or at the Information Office,
Room 100, Administration Building, Balboa

Pay Hike, Tax Jump
Recent pay increases have resulted in
greater income-tax liability for most U.S.-
citizen employees and may also require
that larger amounts be withheld from indi-
viduals' paychecks. In a memorandum
issued last week by the Comptroller, those
affected have been given data from which
they can determine' whether they should
submit an amended Form W-4, the Em-
ployees Withholding Exemption Certificate
required by all employers.

Passengers on flights between the Isth-
mus and Miami, Fla., have been getting
more miles for the same money during
recent weeks.
Planes have been routed to the east of
Cuba during the dispute over removal of
Soviet offensive weapons from the island
and the U.S. blockade, with no change
in fares.
The new flight path added about 45
minutes to jet air time for the trip and
about 1 hour and 30 minutes to the time
required for prop planes, local airline
offices report.

Man Who Stopped
Train Commended
It was Linton G. Roberts (Photo in
Spanish section), a clerk at Ancon Laundry,
who had the presence of mind last month
to jump from his seat on a Panama Rail-
road coach and pull the signal cord when
the end coach, behind the one on which
he was riding, was derailed. His alertness
stopped the train. No injuries resulted.
In a letter of commendation, Railroad
Division Manager Donald R. Brayton said:
"I would also like to assure you that your
prompt action helped to minimize the
damage to our track and equipment."
Mr. Roberts, who lives at Santa Cruz
with his wife and two children entered
Canal service in 1937 with the Building

Vol. 1, No. 23 Publicaci6n Semanal del Canal de Panama Viernes 23 de noviembre de 1962

Cuando los Barcos Casi 2 Millones
Han Visto Cinta

1,l p in n Mirnflonrpq Sobre el Canal

Ia U. LC" IU.B ~L~, L a.I v u. .muVa

agua hagan subir el nivel de la esclusa al
punto precise.
Empleando tel6fono porttitl, el Maestro
lo enchufla en la conexi6n convenient,
instalada en cada post de las esclusas,
para asi poder coordinar las operaciones de
la torre de control. Caso de que el opera-
dor de la torre de control necesitare diri-
girse al Maestro, dd la serial mediante una
bocina cuyo estr6pito equivale al de la
campanilla de un tel6fono.
No importa la hora, siempre hay una
cuadrilla de obreros present, variando
solo su n6mero en relaci6n con el transito
de naves esperado. Comprende la cuadrilla
entire 8 y 10 operadores de "mulas," cada
uno con su asistente; una cuadrilla de
boteros, pasa-lineas y operarios; un ope-
rador de la casa de control por cada
camara y various funcionarios encargados
del mantenimiento y la vigilancia.
Las cuadrillas se turnan rotativamente,
con 2 dias libres a la semana; inician su
trabajo a las 6 de la mariana, trabajando
por turnos hasta la 1:30 de la madrugada,
o mis tarde si las circunstancias asi lo

El primer contact que hacen con tierra
las naves venidas del Pacifico es en las
Esclusas de Miraflores. El Practico del
Canal, ya abordo, mantiene en todo tiempo
contact, por inalimbrico, y, al aproxi-
marse el barco, lo reciben dos mariners en
un bote de remos, lanzando abordo las sogas
que servirin para amarrar la nave a los
gruesos cables de las "mulas" mecanicas.
Ya para entonces el Maestro de las Es-
clusas ha torado todas las providencias
necesarias para el trinsito de la embar-
caci6n por las esclusas; ahora toca al Prnc-
tico dirigir, desde el puente, las maniobras
de las "mulas" remolcadoras.
El Maestro de las Esclusas es quien con-
trola las flechas iluminadas que indican
a cual esclusa debe penetrar la nave; t6cale,
igualmente, dar las 6rdenes para que las
gruesas cadenas desciendan para abrir paso
al buque que se acerca y comp6tele, asi
mismo, decidir cuando abrir las compuertas
o cerrarlas.
Cuando ya el barco esti dentro de la
esclusa, es el Maestro quien imparte la
orden para que millares de galones de

Hasta el 20 de septiembre, 1,884,900
personas en Estados Unidos habian visto
la pelicula "El Canal de Panama," ora en
proyecciones privadas para grupos o a
trav6s de las pantallas de 25 televisoras,
diseminadas por 22 Estados y en el Distrito
de Columbia.
La cinta, que tiene una duraci6n de
28% minutes, es distribuida en los Estados
Unidos por la Association Films, Inc., con
oficinas en Ridgefield, N.J., La Grange,
Illinois, San Francisco, California y Dallas,
En el Istmo la pelicula puede ser obte-
nida en la Oficina de Informaci6n de la
Embajada de los Estados Unidos, en la
ciudad de Panama o en la Oficina de Infor-
maci6n del Canal de Panama en Balboa
Heights. Existen versions en castellano y
en inglis, filmadas en blanquinegro y a
yards c6bicas de tierra tendrin que ser
removidas para ampliar el Corte Gaillard
(Culebra). Dos empresas de Miami, Joseph
G. Moretti Co. y Nat Harrison Overseas
Corp., ganaron la licitaci6n para la obra.
Siete firmas hicieron propuestas.

i ~ i

EL SARGENTO Lawrence W. Jenkins, Superintendente de Segu-
ridad de Miraflores cria chivos en su pequefia finca en Cerro Azul,
RepDblica de Panama, durante sus horas libres. Jenkins y su esposa
resident en Balboa. El Sargento Jenkins vino primero a Panama para
trabajar con una empresa minera canadiense. Despues de estar con
el Ei6rcito durante un tiempo aqui, comenz6 a trabajar para el
Canal en 1937, y ha estado con la Divisi6n de Esclusas durante
10 afios.

CHESTER A. LUHR, Operario de Locomotoras de Remolque y
Herrero, integra un grupo de cuatro hombres de Miraflores cuya
entretenci6n es el canto de barberia. Chet trat6 una vez de poner
herraduras a los caballos, pero se rindi6 porque "no congeniA-
bamos." El fragua diversos puntales, tenazas, herramientas y otras
cosas necesarias en las esclusas, especialmente durante el tiempo
de reparaciones. En sus dias libres, Chet goza cazando palomas
en El VolcAn, Chiriqui.


El Rostro Familiar

La sefiora Olga Yolanda Griffith, super-
visora de la Secci6n de Archivos Perso-
nales-Ramo Administrativo, tiene 4 afios
de trabajar con la organizaci6n del Canal
de PanamA. Graduada en el Instituto Pana-
mericano, contrajo matrimonio hace 2 aiios.
No tiene much contact con el p6blico,
pero a veces tiene que ayudar a sus com-
pafieras cuando hay much trabajo que
hacer atendiendo a empleados y personas
que van a trabajar en el Canal de PanamA.
Su trabajo principal es procesar a todos los
que trabajamos en la organizaci6n del
Canal de PanamA.

A la Orilla del Canal ...

do Esclusas, (vea fotografia en la secci6n
en ingl6s), vino al Istmo en 1939 como
electricista en los proyectos de emergen-
cia que entonces sc realizaban para mejo-
rar las defcnsas; luego permaneci6 aqui
trabajando en las esclusas. Encuentra que
las naves mis dificilcs de maniobrar son
los portaviones tipo Essex; Willenbrock
vive on Anc6n con su esposa c hija.
EDGAR R. LAWRENCE (fotografia
en la secci6n en ingl6s) quien dirije una
cuadrillas de obreros de Miraflores, es un
expert en nudos y amarres; nacido en
Panama y educado en la Zona y en
Jamaica, Ileva mis de 30 afios de traba-
jar con el Canal de PanamA. Vive en
Paraiso con su esposa y tres hijos; sus
ratos de ocio los dedica al bridge y al
juego de pelota.
PAUL ROBBINS, Assistente del Con-
tralor, ha sido admitido recientemente al
Foro por la Corte Distritorial de la Zona
dcl Canal.
sido aprobados en especialidades por las
Juntas Examinadoras calificadas; son
ellos el Dr. Gasper Rea, en Cirugia Ge-
neral y Toraxica; el Mayor del Cuerpo
M6dico del Ej6rcito, Dr. Fred G. Hilkert,
en Psiquiatria; y el Mayor del Cuerpo
Midico del Ej6rcito, Dr. Donald G.
Meyer, en Dermatologia.
UN CALENDARIO de events cultu-
rales estA siendo publicado ahora por las
empresas panamefias Concreto, S.A. y el

Gufas Explican

Ruta del Canal

A los Pasajeros
Las empresas navieras pueden ahora va-
lerse de las facilidades que ofrece el Ser-
vicio de Guias de la Zona del Canal,
haciendo arreglos anticipados para que
dos miembros de ese servicio aborden
naves de pasajeros que hacen la travesia
del Canal y ofrezcan informaci6n comen-
tariada a trav6s del sistema de altoparlantes
del barco.
Los guias distribuyen entire los pasajeros
folletos relatives al Canal y proporcionan
cuanta informaci6n es requerida por los
pasajeros. A media que la embarcaci6n
navega, ellos van explicando los distintos
puntos, y dando datos hist6ricos sobre la
La innovaci6n ha sido muy bien recibida
tanto por las empresas navieras cuanto por
los viajeros en trAnsito.

CUANDO el Coronel William C.
Gorgas estaba en Fort Brown, Texas, fue
Ilamado para tender a la cufiada del jefe
del puesto, la sefiorita Marie Doughty,
quien tenia la fiebre amarilla. El joven
m6dico se contagi6, pero pronto se cura-
ron ambos. Se enamoraron y se casaron
en 1885. La fiebre amarilla, que tanto
combati6 el Coronel Gorgas, los uni6.
QUE el faro de sefiales que se encuen-
tra en Isla Grande, en el Oc6ano Atlintico,
fue construido en Francia en 1893.
QUE dos records fueron superados en
octubre en las Bibliotecas de la Zona del
Canal. Circularon 35,901 libros y 1,872
preguntas de referencias fueron contesta-
das. En octubre de 1961 circularon 31,934
libros y se contestaron 1,108 preguntas de
referencias. La circulaci6n mis alta regis-
trada despu6s en un mes fue de 35,826
libros en agosto de este afio.

Aserradero El Chagres, S.A., en espafiol e
ingles, indicando los actos culturales a
celebrarse durante el mes, tanto en Panama
como en la Zona del Canal. La publicaci6n
puede consultarse en las Bibliotecas de la
Zona del Canal en Gaillard Highway,
Crist6bal, Paraiso y Rainbow City.

Gran Total_ _ - 3,793
Esclusas de Miraflores _ 1,356
Esclusas de Gati6n - 198
Barcos de pasajeros (3)___ 1,572
Las Cruces (5 viajes) 661
Reina Manuelita I (1 viaje)_ 6
Informaci6n suministrada por el
Servicio de Guias

Evit6 Desastre


LINTON G. ROBERTS, oficinista de la
Lavanderia de Anc6n, fue elogiado por el
Gerente de la Divisi6n del Ferrocarril de
PanamA y recibi6, asi mismo, las felicita-
ciones del Director de la Direcci6n de
Abastos y Servicios Comunales, por la dili-
gencia y esmero demostrados al dar sefiales
al Ingeniero Conductor en la noche del 10
de octubre cuando un vag6n de pasajeros
se descarril6. Roberts, quien viajaba en el
penltimo vag6n, corri6 a tirar del cord6n
de alarma para prevenir al conductor que
detuviese el tren, evitando de ese modo
una catastrofe peor.

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