Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00021
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: March 2011
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00098815:00021

Full Text

]9 ^ S Caribbean Waterways

. .. Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project

EH I Volume 5, Issue 1 March 2011

In this issue:

* Hotspot Assessment
and Management-
IWCAM Approaches
(pgs. 1,2 and 3)

* World Water Day
2011 Message from
the Regional Project
Coordinator (pgs.1-

* About the GEF-
IWCAM Project (pg.

* St. Vincent the
Communities Act for
Healthier Waterways
(pg.4 -5)

* St. Lucia moves
towards a Common
Water Agenda (pg. 6)

Project's Second
Workshop on Pro-
posal Writing (pg. 6)

* Using Three-
Dimensional Models
to Improve Park
Management (pg. 7)

* Training in Environ-
mentally Sound
Management of
Laboratory Chemi-
cals for Regional Lab
Managers (pg. 7)

* Pictures Worth a
Thousand Words...
(Healthy vs. Polluted
Rivers) (pg. 8)

,ArDD�a,- Bar,


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Candra bean Sea
"r lj. _ ,ol m
n - . . .. L . d ID
PIrm p I8SD (B5 86-J100 M n*m coir. *"
Countriesfor which national hotspot interventions have
been completed


Message from the
Regional Project Coordinator

"Urbanization is the degree of, or in-
crease in, urban character or nature. It may
refer to a geographical area combining urban
and rural parts, or to the transformation of an
individual locality from less to more urban'. In

;e~~l -��,

(Continued on page 2)


(Continued on page 2)

Hotspot Assessment

and Management -

IWCAM Approaches

Hotspots: Areas that contain significant sources
of pollution, or, sensitive areas at high risk of
being contaminated by specific pollutants.

In March 2011, the GEF-IWCAM Project through
the UNEP's Caribbean Regional Coordinating Unit (UNEP
CAR/RCU) successfully completed national hotspot inter-
ventions (HSA) in four countries: Dominica, Grenada, Haiti
and Saint Lucia.

This activity was completed under IWCAM Com-
ponent 2, investigating the development of IWCAM Proc-
ess, Stress Reduction and Environmental Status Indica-
tors Frameworks.

The HSA sub-component sought to:
* compile details on some of the hotspots and sensitive
areas within each of the pilot countries;
* identify critical areas in need of further action that ur-
gently require IWCAM Impact Indicators and monitor-
ing, and
* recommend urgent policy reforms necessary to re-
solve the identified issues.

Fulfillment of these objectives in turn provided ur-
gently needed technical support towards the ratification of
the Protocol Concerning Land-based Sources of Pollution
(LBS Protocol) which entered into force on August 13,

HSA activities will continue in the development of
GIS products to support the hot spot watershed activities
conducted in the pilot countries as well as to provide ca-
pacity building support for improved environmental moni-
toring and policy strengthening in the region.

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 1)

the Caribbean, where there is already limited land space, in-
creases in the size of urban areas can have significant im-
pacts on local watersheds. Often new urban areas are built in
areas where the natural water cycle once occurred, such as
forests or wetlands. This can harm the recharging of the
groundwater table, and can affect local bodies of water. The
natural water cycle is disrupted, and often, new pollutants
such as sewage and pesticides can create problems for the
ecology of an area, including the coastal areas.

According to UN Water, this is the first time in human
history that most of the world's population live in cities: 3.3
billion people, and the urban landscape continues to grow.
Our region is no different as our urban areas compete with the
rural areas for the limited land mass. In this context and with
the trend towards urbanization, managing our limited water
resources becomes even more critical. This adds to the al-
ready daunting task faced by Caribbean SIDS, as our climate
changes and issues like sea-level rise and saltwater intrusion,
combine with droughts and floods.

As we reflect on the theme for World Water Day 2011:
"Water For Cities: Responding to the Urban Challenge", it
is important that we recognize that our region, even without
mega-cities, must face up to the challenges of urbanization, in
relation to managing our water. The GEF-IWCAM's continued
focus on supporting IWRM is even more critical now. It is our
hope that the region takes note of this challenge as part of its
future planning for improved water resources management."

- Vincent Sweeney

I http://www.knowledgerush.com/kr/encyclopedia/Urbanization/


The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed and Coastal
Areas Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States (GEF-
IWCAM) Project was approved by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in
May 2004. Implementing agencies are the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP). Executing agencies are the Secretariat of the
Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU), the Caribbean Environmental
Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
The thirteen participating SIDS are: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and
Trinidad and Tobago. The length of the Project is 5 years and it commenced
in the second quarter of 2005. The Project Coordinating Unit is located at
the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and Executing Agencies and the
participating countries.

(Continuedfrom page 1)
Dominica: The Roseau Watershed

During a national Workshop to promote the ratifica-
tion of the LBS Protocol,
convened by the Com- ,'-'j
monwealth of Dominica in ....
July 2009, the Roseau ..
W atershed was identified WA.T R SH
as a critical area or 'hot
spot' in need of integrated
watershed management
approaches to preserve
its unique and dynamic
natural resources.

In response to M
this request, the GEF-
IWCAM Project, through
the Ministry of Agriculture
developed a comprehensive management plan for the Ro-
seau Watershed in consultation with various Government
stakeholders and civil society.

The plan provides a detailed physical description of
the watershed, problem analysis, implementation proposal
and indicative budget.

Several priority actions have been identified for fur-
ther support in a Phase Two pilot project which will come on
stream in the next of couple months. Themes of interest in-
clude land use mapping, baseline monitoring assessments of
the watershed, policy and legislative reviews and capacity
building activities.

In February 2011, Christopher Corbin, Programme
Officer for the Assessment and Management of Environ-
mental Pollution Sub-programme for the UNEP CAR/RCU,
conducted a site visit to this Watershed, reinforcing support
for the implementation of the Watershed Management Plan.
He met with various government stakeholders to discuss the
outputs of the pilot project and to explore opportunities avail-
able through the UNEP CAR RCU programmes and projects.
Outputs of this pilot project complement the national Inte-
grated Water Resource Management (IWRM) policy which is
also being developed through the GEF-IWCAM Project. The
Rouseau Watershed Management Plan and the National
IWRM Plan are together meant to facilitate the national
mainstreaming of IWCAM approaches and the Government
of the Commonwealth of Dominica's current efforts towards
ratification of the regional LBS Protocol.

(Continued on page 3)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 2)
Grenada: The Saint John's Watershed

The national HSA Pilot for
Grenada evolved from needs ex-
pressed during national promotional
activities for the LBS Protocol in Gre-
nada during 2009.

Stakeholders highlighted the
need for an integrated approach to
sustainable manage the Saint John's

This Watershed drains into
the bay just north of St. George's,
the capital, and the flow affects the southern coast of the is-
land including the important tourist facilities located on Grand
Anse Beach. The Saint John's Watershed is considered a hot
spot due to the many threats and ongoing pollution chal-
lenges and resulting risks posed to communities and resi-
dents as well as tourism, commercial and recreational activi-

Currently a draft plan has been prepared and is under
review by national stakeholders with the aim of developing a
possible phase 2 to implement priority actions. These activi-
ties support Grenada's progression towards ratification of the
LBS Protocol, initiated in late-2010 through the submission of
a Cabinet Memorandum of Understanding, catalyzed through
the GEF-IWCAM Project-funded LBS Technical Exchange
Workshop convened in September 2010.

Haiti: Improved Watershed Management and
Sedimentation Control in Luly and along the
Southern Peninsula

Although it was a very difficult 2010 for Haiti, with on-
going earthquake recovery efforts compounded by an out-
break of cholera and political uncertainty, the HSA pilot pro-
ject demonstrated several concrete successes and fulfilled
the target objectives proposed.

Through the coordination of the project by Fondation
pour la Protection de la Biodiversit6 Marine (FoProBiM) a
seedling nursery was established for the Luly area (north of
Port-au-Prince), and L6ogane (along the southern peninsula).
In addition, 500 persons participated in environmental educa-
tion and stewardship activities, 50,000 plastic pots and con-
tainers were retrieved and 2 French-language awareness bro-
chures were produced.

Several key observations were made during project
implementation, including the following:

* The high demand for educational activities geared to-
wards both school age children and adults exceeded
expectations and resulted in the project increasing the
number of programs.
* Although attendance was high, the availability of environ-
mentally sustainable and friendly income generating al-
ternatives (e.g. apiculture, recycling, and development of
plant nurseries) for communities remains a con-
cern. Without these alternatives, the only remaining op-
tion, which is the exploitation of natural resources, will
remain a serious problem.
* The extreme poverty and current situation in Haiti makes
the delivery of a sustainability message extremely diffi-

Saint Lucia: Improved Recreational Water
Quality along the North-West Coast

The Saint Lucia Pilot -mn .:--.:
HSA project produced several
practical and replicable outputs
related to recreational water
quality monitoring methodolo-
gies and public outreach for
various target groups. The ob-
jectives of the pilot were suc-
cessfully completed in 2011
through the Ministry of Physical
Development and the Environ-
ment and included :

* Development of a new as-
sessment tool used to capture information on potential
point sources of pollution (hotspots) within the Castries,
Choc, Bois d' Orange and Cap Estate (Rodney Bay wa-
tershed sub-unit) watersheds in Saint Lucia along the
northwest coast (NWC) of the island.
* An updated, comprehensive report on the current status
of recreational waters along the NWC
* Compiled research on pre-existing water quality reports,
i.e. a baseline report
* Spatially defined recreational waters along the NWC of
Saint Lucia, including the identification of pollution "hot
* Targeted promotional materials, including brochures and
a comic strip on Recreational Water Quality

This pilot project forms a component of Saint Lucia's
national plan of action that seeks to improve recreational
water quality along the North-West Coast of Saint Lucia
through the implementation and demonstration of best prac-
tices for pollutant discharge reduction. This will in turn enable
informed management interventions to reduce coastal pollu-
tion on the NWC of the island.


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines:

Communities Act
for Healthier Waterways

In October 2010, the GEF-IWCAM Project
approved IWRM Community Pilot projects for four
communities in mainland Saint Vincent:
Chateaubelair, Spring Village, Vermont and Greggs.
These pilot sub-projects aim to strengthen commu-
nity commitment and capacity to implement an inte-
grated approach to the management of watersheds
and coastal areas in their respective communities.

Each of these communities was involved in
a process which encouraged them to determine
their own IWCAM priorities and to participate in ac-
tivities meant to address particular issues. Solid
waste management and the prevention of contami-
nation of waterways were deemed by all of the com-
munities to be priorities. Public education on these
issues was felt to be necessary to begin addressing
existing problems. All four projects were designed
with input from, and implemented by, groups in the
communities with the guidance and management of
the firm Project Promotion Limited (PPL).
Despite delays caused by, firstly, Hurricane
Tomas at the end of October, then general elections
held in December 2010, all four community projects
are well underway.

These photos provide us with a glimpse of
some of the activities and achievements in each of
the four communities.

Vermont / Buccament


Meeting with members of the Ver-
mont/Buccament Development Or-
ganisation to discuss project proposal

Community launch of project and distribu-
tion ofbins

Minister of Health and the Environ-
ment distributes garbage disposal bins
to residents


5 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

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DIiribition l/ & w l 1 l bsin to conmunity residents

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IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

St. Lucia

moves towards a

Common Water Agenda

On February 3rd, 2011, the Government of Saint
Lucia held a consultation entitled: "Sustainability of the Wa-
ter Sector in St. Lucia: A Common Water Agenda" to dis-
cuss an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
Road Map for St. Lucia.

The GEF-IWCAM Project, in collaboration with
CEHI and the Government of St. Lucia, supported the Road
Map preparation andthe consultation which was held under
the auspices of the Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs
and National Development.

The Road Map produced by the GEF-IWCAM Pro-
ject was used as the basis for presenting a status report on
the water sector and making critical recommendations to
advance development of the sector and IWRM in particular.

High-level representation came from Permanent
Secretaries in the following Ministries:
* Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs and National De-
* Ministry of Physical Development and the Environment
* Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
* Ministry of Health

Senior technocrats present from, among others, the
Water & Sewerage Company (WASCO), the Water Re-
source Management Agency (WRMA) and the National Wa-
ter & Sewerage Commission (NWSC) also participated.

The challenges faced by the water sector, particu-
larly bearing in mind the drought of 2009-10, the impacts of
Hurricane Tomas, and issues such as climate change were

Among recommendations made at the consultation
was the establishment of an "Inter-Ministerial Water Reform

Committee", chaired by the Permanent Secretary in the Min-
istry of Finance, and including the Ministries responsible for
Physical Development & Environment; Public Utilities; Agri-
culture and Forestry; and Health. There was also agreement
on the need for greater coordination among ministries and
the need for an allocation of increased resources to allow the
newly-created Water Resources Management Agency
(WRMA) to function properly.

The GEF-IWCAM project has committed to assist
with the work of this Inter-Ministerial Committee and in stra-
tegic planning for the WRMA.

GEF-IWCAM Second Training Workshop
on Proposal Writing
Antigua & Barbuda, 7-10 March, 2011

Following excellent reviews from participants in the Proposal
Writing Workshop originally held by the GEF-IWCAM Project in Trinidad &
Tobago in April 2010, the Project Steering Committee recommended that
it be conducted again.

A second Training Workshop on Proposal Writing was therefore
held 7-10 March 2011 in Antigua & Barbuda.

It aimed to provide more institutions and individuals with training
in the fundamental tools and information needed to:
* conduct relevant research (e.g. funding opportunities, background
information, donor priorities); and
* organize and prepare the various components of proposals.

Participants in this 'train-the-trainers' workshop are expected to
share this knowledge with their colleagues upon return to their respective
countries. All GEF-IWCAM Project Participating Countries were repre-
Materials used at the Workshop are located on the Project website
www.iwcam.org at:



IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Using Three-Dimensional
to Improve Marine Park

The GEF-IWCAM Project sponsored participation of
Cherece Wallace Haywood, the GEF-IWCAM Trinidad & To-
bago Demonstration Project's GIS Officer's participation in
the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association's
(URISA) 5th Caribbean GIS Conference, St. Anns, Trinidad
and Tobago, 6 - 10 December, 2010.

Cherece presented a paper on the use of three- I
dimensional ocean model maps of the Buccoo Reef for ma- r
rine park management. The Buccoo Reef faces significant
threats as a result of increasing use; increasing incidence of
conflicts amongst users; land-based sources of marine pollu-
tion, and; physical damage to the ecosystem from reef-walking and anchoring.

3D model of the Buccoo Reef Marine Park

She pointed out that three dimensional models of the marine park can address these problems by mapping the distribution of
habitats, animating the marine ecology, visualizing the causes of coastal pollution and using satellite imagery to visualize ocean currents
and temperatures. Modeling is also useful in determining the best locations for snorkel trails, reef balls, and boating.

Both the model of the Buccoo Reef Marine Park and the methodology used to develop it were shared with the audience. It high-
lighted snorkel trails, boat access, and marine park boundaries.

For more information on the model, contact the Buccoo Reef Trust (see www.buccooreeftrust.org).

Training in Environmentally Sound
Management of Laboratory Chemicals for
Regional Lab Managers

The GEF-IWCAM Project's laboratory strengthening exercise
included evaluation of the need for training in the management of labora-
tory chemicals. As a result, the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute
(CEHI) hosted two back-to-back meetings: a three-day workshop on the
Environmentally Sound Management of Laboratory Chemicals, 8-10
March 2011, and a one-day Laboratory Managers' Meeting on 11
March 2011 in St. Lucia.

The Workshop focused upon the safe ordering, handling, stor-
age, and disposal of laboratory chemicals. Participants also conducted a
Laboratory Hygiene Audit of the CEHI laboratory, and were able to put into
practice all that was taught over the 3 days.

There were 21 participants from: Antigua, Barbados, Bahamas,
Tobago, St. Kitts, Nevis, Jamaica, Grenada, St. Vincent, Dominica, and St.
The Laboratory Managers' meeting provided a forum to discuss

the way forward in the establishment of a Regional Network of Environ-
mental Laboratories. There were 20 participants and 3 invited speakers:

* Dr. Xanthe Dubuison, St. Lucia Bureau of Standards - Laboratory
* La Verne Walker, Ministry of Physical Development and the Environ-
ment, St. Lucia - How environmental results affect legislation
* Valerie Wilson, Caribbean Medical Labs Foundation - Lessons
Learnt when developing the Medical Laboratory Network.

if ThNkir7Ui


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Healthy rivers...

Polluted rivers and steams are the result of human activity on land. Everything that we dump on land is eventually
washed into our rivers and streams, and this is carried to the sea. The quantity and quality of water in our rivers tell us much
about the health of our water catchment. The main types of pollutants are: sediment (wind and water erosion of soils); nutrients
(fertilizer, animal wastes, sewage; pesticides); solid waste (poor disposal of garbage); and toxins (manufactured and refined prod-
ucts such as oil, chemicals and paints).

Polluted rivers...

- .Rirr hRraul, collapse & sedimentation

,tEHI 40

Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Projects and others are invited to submit articles. Please contact
Donna Spencer at dspencer@cehi.org.lc
Contact Information:
GEF-IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.lc