Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00019
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: September 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098815
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Caribbean WaterWays

Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project

EHI a Volume 4, Issue 3 September 2010

In this issue: ~ Feature Article:

* Planting Hope ic -- Planting Hope in Haiti
Thr -ghG Fobc Mn:~h:F:~A t~liahrough Jobs and Trees
and UNEP CEP- r GEF-lWCAM and UNEP CEP-AMEP support the work
AMEP support the ~ i~Y~~ ~of FoProBiM in Haiti
work of FoProBiM in
Haiti (pgs. 1,2,3) B ~ bThe earthquake which occurred in Haiti on January
12, 2010, did a tremendous amount of damage. As the
* Youth Take Rightful poorest country in the Western hemisphere, Haiti has long
Plac at th Crib-faced tremendous challenges to the preservation and sus-
bean Environmental
tainable use of its natural resources and in recent years a
Forum (pgs.1 and 6) \quarrrter\ srlestsentrr. Posr7t-rtr-P7rim hrll\rtde.
series of natural disasters have taken their toll. The earth-
A*/r:ln ther earrlrrthquake
* Background on the quake, in addition to resulting in extremely high human
GEF-lWCAM Project casualties and physical damage, led to a chaotic situation.
Due to the lack of facilities and infrastructure an estimated 1 million inhabitants of Port-au-Prince
* Wastewater Manage- left the capital in search of better and safer lives. This resulted in increased pressure on nearby natural
ment at Elizabeth resources as these inhabitants settled into more rural areas surrounding the capital. Among those relocat-
Harbour Marina, ing were many who had either never lived in rural areas or who had left these areas many years ago. The
Exuma, The Bahamas scarcity of jobs further increased the threat of harmful resource exploitation including use of unsustainable
GEF-lWCAM Dem- tree harvesting methods for charcoal production and inappropriate fishing methods. In particular, the con-
onstration Project tinued decline in agricultural and fisheries production has been devastating for the local population depend-
(pgs.4nd 5) ent on these activities and there were significant waste disposal issues to contend with.
* SIDS Representatives
meet in ST. Lucia to The GEF-lWCAM Project in conjunction with the UNEP-CAR/RCU Assessment and Management
discuss lWRM (pg. 6) of Environmental Pollution (AMEP) sub-programme, of the Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP) re-
sponded by supporting a project which is currently being implemented by the Foundation for the Protection
* GEF-lWCAM Demon- of Marine Biodiversity (FoProBiM). FoProBiM is a Haitian non-governmental organization which was estab-
stration Project in lished in 1995 and is headquartered in Port-au-Prince. It works on Haiti's environment in general, and on
Trinidad & Tobago coastal and marine zones in particular, in the areas of sustainable development, education, research, and
Closes (pg. 7) monitoring.
Wold Wter eek(Continued on page 2)
2010O-GEF-lWCAM YOuth Take Rightful Place at sth Caribbean Environmental Forum
Project well-
represented! (pg. 8)
Youth representing high schools in Jamaica and a com- e.....
munity college appeared quite comfortable presenting an envi- .
ronmentally sustainable project, meeting with Prime Ministers, rre "*~r
debating, interpreting the environment with the creative arts and
sitting among delegates at the Fifth Caribbean Environmental
Forum, Montego Bay, Jamaica.
During the five-day forum which ran from June 21 25,
2010, several high school and college students were brought
together for the first ever Caribbean Youth Environmental Fo-
Th2eHon. Stephenson King,Prime Minister ofSt Lucia withvi dentstlr the GlT-1f c l.ll p-I I\ cunteilr,iuu e0iu
sponsored Youlth Environmental Forulm

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2 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continued from page 1)
Main objectives of the project are to:

*Provide those in need a sense of purpose by enabling
1' '~ C7-.i; . them to earn an income while engaging in the protection
:y.. and rehabilitation of the environment;

Engage these individuals in watershed sediment control,

Manage watershed and coastal waste through recycling
gIIBEb~ltL V litg etxpeara
The Project focuses upon Environmental Education and
The project, which is currently being implemented, Reforestation for Coastal Protection:
seeks to develop and improve watershed management and
sedimentation control in rural areas such as Luly (north of Port Environmental Education
-au-Prince), and along the southern peninsula in Logane
(south of Port-au-Prince) primarily by replanting of mangroves. Environmental Education activities such as classes,
It specifically addresses GEF-lWCAM Project Component 2 workshops, and field activities for those participating in pro-
which deals with Hotspot Diagnostics and the Objectively Veri- ject activities are being conducted. Topics range from basic
fiable Indicator of "demonstration of applied solutions and general environmental processes (e.g. the water cycle; tides)
technologies within selected hotspots and sensitive areas". to more specific topics addressing such concerns as the dry-
ing up of local springs and the role of mangroves. Training is
Activities are meant to contribute directly towards ca- being provided as nursery activities are undertaken in order
pacity building for management of coastal watersheds. It also to make best use of the time and avoid delays with imple-
aims to raise awareness at the community-level of the effects mentation. While catering mostly to stakeholder groups, in-
of improved integrated watershed and coastal area manage- dividual stakeholders are also being invited to participate.
ment practices, while contributing to sustainable livelihoods, These workshops revolve around basic concepts of ecology
through sustainable environmental practices. and the importance of healthy watersheds.

It is also hoped that the Project will move Haiti closer Prior to the work on the replanting, three workshops
to ratification of the Cartagena Convention and the Land- are being held in order to discuss: the reasons for replant-
Based Sources of Marine Pollution (LBS) Protocol. ing; how to evaluate if a site is suitable for replanting; how
the work will be carried out with the help of local community
groups and individuals; who will be responsible for protecting
BACKGROUND ON THE GEF-lWCAM and caring for the plants, and; where replanting should take

The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed and Srkehohrllers nev'r7 usrlr r tar.!' c:r' of the project
Coastal Areas Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States
(GEF-lWCAM) Project was approved by the Global Environment Facility
(GEF) in May 2004. Implementing agencies are the United Nations Envi- ~ F?
ronment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Pro-
gramme (UNDP). Executing agencies are the Secretariat of the
Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU), the Caribbean Environmental
Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
The thirteen participating S/DS are: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and
Trinidad and Tobago. The length of the Project is 5 years and commenced
in the second quarter of 2005. The Project Coordinating Unit is located at
the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and Executing Agencies and the .!
participating countries.
(Continued on page 3)

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3 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Contmnuedfrompage 2) With the assistance of local community groups and
leaders, sites for replanting are being identified. During com-
\kilistil lalntrrr arousedrlt anr eryr,ri
munity awareness raising activities plants are also being dis-
tributed to six individuals or groups for replanting efforts within
their own communities. Planting must be timed to take place
in the next suitable rainy season after plants have matured.

Project Benefits:

Participation of 500 local area stakeholders and public
sector representatives in environmental education classes;
*Recovery of 50,000 containers/pots from area watersheds
and the marine environment for reuse in plant nurseries;
20,000 man/days of employment;
50,000 plants prepared in nurseries for sediment control;
*600 man/months of employment created by engaging
local stakeholders in pot preparation, nursery, and replanting
These activities aim to: efforts;
*50,000 plants/trees replanted within
foster constructive and democratic debate and dialogue the local community, area water-
amongst participants; shed, and coastal zone;
learn about various stakeholders groups' successes in A better understanding of the im-
improving their member's livelihoods through internal pacts of the mismanagement of area
democratic decision-making processes; ecosystems upon stakeholder reve-
bring about an increased public awareness of the eco- nues, and of the shared benefits of
nomic, ecological and social importance of their environ- more sustainable management of re-
ment; sources;
help develop a common understanding of the need for a greater understanding of pollu-
resource management; tion issues affecting watersheds and (letr otmr
exchange information about management and regulatory catlaes
methods which have been successful in the past; Between May and August 2010, Stakeholder Environ-
mental Education and Stewardship Classes/Workshops were
schedule and plan for continued collaborative activities,
held for 500 local area stakeholders and public sector repre-
joint action, and follow-up events between groups and
sentatives participated in six day-long environmental educa-
key community members.
tion classes. Ten day-long classes saw the participation of
Refoestaionfor oastl Potecion619 local area stakeholders including 414 youths and 205
adults (over 18). Three schools in the Luly area and two
schools in the Logane area have participated. Adult partici-
Plant nurseries are being developed mainly for rapid
pants have included members of various local stakeholder
growing, soil retaining species (e.g. bamboo) which may also
groups including fishers, women, earthquake victims and
be used as renewable crops for charcoal production. Many
coastal areas which were not protected by mangroves and
reefs were damaged by the post-earthquake tsunami, causing L
damage to local near-shore structures as well as fishing
equipment. Mangroves are to be replanted to protect some of
these areas. An estimated 20,000 man/days of employment
are being created as locals are hired to work in the nurseries
(preparing plants, watering, etc.) as well as in replanting ac-
tivities in area watersheds. In addition, used containers (such Preparingmangrove
as oil, water, paint, etc.) which usually end up in the marine propagules on
environment are being recovered from areas of the watershed nursery fieldtrip
and coastline and recycled for use as pots in the nurseries,
thereby reducing watershed pollution.

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4 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

The GEF-IWCAM Bahamas, Exuma Demonstration
Wastewater Management at Elizabeth
Harbour Marina, Exuma

The GEF-lWCAM Demonstration Project in Exuma, Bahamas
focuses upon waste disposal in one of the Caribbean's busiest harbours:
Elizabeth Harbour in the Exuma Keys. The objective of this demonstration project is to show how such
facilities can be retroactively installed and sustainably managed, and how
incentives for use (or disincentives for violation of legal requirements) can
At many anchorages, harbours and marinas throughout the Carib-
be effectively established.
bean SIDS, provision for proper waste disposal is inadequate. Sewage
discharges in particular are of concern. This harbour was identified as an
area of concern as up to 500 marine vessels per day make use of it during Project Partners include:
peak yachting seasons. Although adequate solid waste collection is avail-
able to yachters, the harbour did not have a facility for the collection and The Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Com-
treatment of wastewater. In addition, although designated anchorage areas mission
are available, along with private mooring and docking facilities, these were Bahamas Water and Sewerage Corporation
insufficient during peak months. As a result, improper anchoring practices Department of Environmental Health Services
have caused damage to sensitive biological habitats. Historically, wastewa- Bahamas Reef Environment Educational Foundation (BREEF)
ter contamination from the yachting and harbour-side communities has Engineering Technical Services
posed a challenge to environmental sustainability. Harbour Solutions Pump-out Services
Elizabeth Harbour yachting community
Sandals Resort Foundation

-- After longer than anticipated administrative planning, execution of
this demonstration began in early 2009 and is currently underw~ay. Project
infrastructure is expected to be completed during the last quarter of 2010,
before the start of the peak yachting season. Some of the Exuma Demon-
stration Project's activities and achievements are featured here.

The Elizabeth Harbour Management Steering Committee
(EHMSC) was formed on Exuma in 2009.

Stakeholder involvement (both the yachting community and TeEMChadfo oa osrainssadsi
land-based communities on Exuma) was facilitated through town meet- entists to identify sensitive habitats in Elizabeth Harbour. Mr.
ings and interviews. Here, residents attend a town meeting to learn Basil Minns shares his knowledge with the committee.
more about the Project.

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6 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Contmnuedfrom page l) SIDS Representatives meet in St. Lucia
rum. Two of these young people, Tashana Clemings and
Tanashay Cheddesing were supported by their teacher Devon to discuss IWRM
Callam of the Mannings High School, Jamaica when they pre-
sented the environmentally-friendly project termed "Conserving
Energy with Green Roof Technology." The project has already
received the Jamaica Public Service Company Ltd. (SPSCo) Envi-
ronmental Award. .

Using five models Clemings and Cheddising were able to
demonstrate that it is possible to grow vegetation on roofs by wa-
ter-proofing the area, choosing the appropriate soil and ensuring -
adequate drainage. The students noted that benefits would in-
clude a cooler house, income from the sale of plants and reduction
of theft of plants due to their high placement. ** libr;\rksop Patrithrpantsr

The young people were also given an opportunity to have A Workshop organized by UNEP and GEF-lWCAM to review
their voices heard by policy makers when they met and held dis- draft Global Guidelines for Integrated Water Resources Management
cussions with Prime Minister of St. Lucia Honourable Stephenson (lWRM) Planning for SIDS was held in Rodney Bay, St. Lucia from 24 to
King as well as Jamaica's Minister of Water and Housing Honour- 26 August, 2010.
able Dr. Horace Chang.
The workshop considered a draft Resource Book developed by
The young people were also participants in a Tree Plant- UNEP to promote the implementation of IWRM in SIDS, taking into ac-
ing Ceremony at the Old Hospice Site Montego Bay to mark the count their unique geographical, hydrological, socioeconomic and cultural
Firs Yoth nvionmntalForm. he irs tre wa plnte attributes and vulnerabilities. This Resource Book attempts to review
Montego Bay Community College Students along with Montego
Bay's mayor, Charles Sinclair, and Patricia Aquing, Executive Di- IWRM guidelines from various regions and provide a globally applicable
rector of the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute methodology.
(CEHI). The students of the Mannings High School planted the
next tree with Vincent Sweeney, Regional Project Coordinator of The workshop provided a forum for participants from the Carib-
the Global Environmental Facility-Integrating Watershed and bean, the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific to exchange informa-
Coastal Area Management (GEF-lWCAM) project. The final tree tion and experiences in IWRM, and to identify what needs to be done to
was planted by the accompanying teachers of the schools attend- accelerate the implementation of IWRM in SIDS. Countries represented at
ing the Forum and Nadia Deen Ferguson of the United Nations the workshop included Cape Verde, Fiji, the Maldives, Samoa, Sao Tome
Envionmnt rogrmme Caibban Rgioal oordnatng nit& Principe, the Seychelles, and the Solomon Islands. Senior experts were
(UNEP CAR-RCU) and Ava Tomlinson of the National Environ-
ment and Planning Agency (NEPA). Ms. Tomlinson was instru- also present from Barbados, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Lucia, and Trinidad &
mental in the coordination of the Youth Forum itself. Tobago, along with representatives from UNEP Headquarters in Nairobi,
The students also visited the Montego Bay Marine Park
where they identified environmental issues and solutions and Pro-
ject Wet, an environmental group, led the youth in a Blue Planet High School, Jamaica.
Activity which enabled them to identify water sources on the
globe. "There are many solutions to all the environmental prob-
The young participants were given the opportunity to im- lems that we are facing today and it is my dream to make the world
mortalize their thoughts on their Forum experience by keeping a a better place for God's wonderful creatures."
daily journal and creating what was termed Youth Commit-
ments. They acknowledged their personal responsibility to the "The forum was very enlightening," said Ramone Gibbs of
environment. the Mannings High School, Jamaica. "It reminded that we are in-
.. ? deed a part of our environment and we ought to be stewards of the
"I am environment."
committing myself "I pledge to educate the public and whomever I come in
to impart the contact with about how their actions can be detrimental to the envi-
."knowledge I have ronment," said Tanashay Cheddesingh of the Mannings High
garnered about the School, Jamaica. "I also pledge to help take the initial steps in pro-
environment and tecting and preserving every aspect of the natural environment,
use it in a way that hence promoting sustainable development and a sustainable fu-
will most definitely ture."
."prove beneficial to
the ecosystem," Article prepared by Alecia Blake, GEF-lWCAM St. Kitts & Nevis

said Christopher Demo Project.

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7 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

GEF-lWCAM Demonstration Project

in Trinidad & Tobago closes

D)'andirar (irater \.ing herl p).Trt.: nurning: cl. ps!~'\)

graphically, its generation of meaningful data and its public
education and outreach programme. He also stated, for the
record, that it was the first time that he had used the term
"replicability" in a speech, confirming that the activities con-
Orville 1 subusr. Chte/Se rcrerrr. fII ahrewes~r\\ gathering ducted in the Demo project would be replicated elsewhere
in Tobago. Finally, he expressed his determination to see
Senior dignitaries from the Tobago House of As- that the long-awaited sewerage system for south-west To-
sembly (THA) and the Government of Trinidad and Tobago, bago will be finally constructed.
as well as Directors and staff of the Buccoo Reef Trust
(BRT), the GEF-lWCAM Regional Project Coordinator, the Other speakers shared their perspectives on the
Executive Director of CEHI, a representative of UNDP, and Demo and how it fit with the broader initiatives of their re-
a cross-section of stakeholders, attended the Closing Cere- spective organizations and agencies, while congratulating
mony of the Trinidad & Tobago Demonstration Project in the Demo Project Management Unit for its excellent work.
Crown Point, Tobago on 21St September. A summary of Demo project achievements was presented

The rogammeincude a srie of emaks, by the Demo's Project Manager, Sandra Timothy.
greetings and addresses from these officials, as well as the
airing of music videos produced by the BRT and a very im-
pressive calypso performance by a secondary school stu-
dent. The event concluded with presentations of tokens of
appreciation to local persons who had actively contributed
to the success of the Demo, including representatives from
the Jacob's Fish Processing Plant; the Department of Infra-
structure and Public Utilities of the THA; and the Anse
Fromager Ecological Environmental Protection Organisation

It was apparent throughout the Closing Ceremony
that the efforts of the BRT and the THA were greatly appre-
ciated. Notably, THA Chief Secretary, Orville London, com-
mended and expressed appreciation for the partnership
efforts of the BRT, acknowledging the benefits that had Sgaetasrteeto.atraenlnsse
been derived from government-NGO collaboration. The
Chief Secretary was clearly impressed with the Demonstra- Following the Ceremony, there was a field trip to
tion Projects use of GIS to manipulate data and present it the Demonstration wetlands waste treatment plant, located
at Jacob's Fish Processing Plant in the Buccoo Bay/Bon
Accord area of Tobago. This allowed for first hand observa-
tions of the stress reduction measures put in place to ad-
dress pollution from fish-processing blood waste which was
impacting on Buccoo Bay. During the field trip, the partici-
pants were able to observe the pollution source and the
difficulties of traditional treatment options, due to the high
water table. Mr. Jacobs, who was very appreciative of the
assistance, reiterated his commitment to maintain the facil-
Sanru estuth. Dstr Prjec.11naerrevewsproestchivesrests ity after its completion.

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8 IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

WVorld WVater WVeek 2010 the SIDS perspective on these issues was welcomed and
compared and contrasted to the challenges faced by vari-
GEF-IWCAM Project ous others in the audience.
well-represented! Lisa Kirkland, Manager of the GEF-lWCAM Dem-
onstration Project, presented in the workshop on Minimis-
a -ing Land Use-Based Water Pollution. Her presentation
titled: A Model for Sustainable Watershed Management:
The Case of Drivers River Watershed Management Unit,
Portland Jamaica, outlined the ten components of the GEF
-lWCAMINEPA Watershed Model. She also participated in
i the panel discussion on Shortcutting Historical Pollution
Trends. Historically, water pollution has been seen as an
unavoidable cost of socio-economic development. This
means that water quality often becomes so degraded that
people's quality of life suffers. Presenters and panelists
explored the link between water quantity and quality, the
concept of peak ecological water quality and the need for
Itarllar Sahelri/cllowessgr her7 presntatiorinr equal partnership collaboration. It stressed that full stake-
holder involvement, a critical mass of community involve-
ment with engagement at all levels, and, more accountabil-
World Water Week in Stockholm, September 5 ity within the private sector are all necessary.
10, this year brought 2,500 participants from all over the
world together to discuss pressing water issues. The Both participants were grateful for the opportunity
theme was: The Water Quality Challenge Prevention, to share the SIDS experience and perspective with col-
Wise Use and Abatement. leagues facing similar challenges worldwide.

Halla Sahely of the St. Kitts Water Services De-
partment represented the GEF-lWCAM Project at the
workshop on Management of Groundwater Abstraction
and Pollution. The afternoon session focused upon
groundwater protection. In response to her presentation, a
case study of the St. Kitts Demonstration Project which
seeks to protect the Basseterre Valley Aquifer, many par-
ticipants commented on the novelty of the Project's ap- ... --,.......... ?
proach to groundwater protection via the designation of a
national park in the sensitive well-field area. In addition, Lisa Br-trkrl naltreake\tapo Ic hir tlrr Is,gthepanel hmtwrcrrorr

Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Projects and others are invited to submit afficles. Please contact
Donna Spencer at dspencer cehi. org.1c
Contact Information:
GEF-IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.Ic

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