In this issue:
* Feature: IWCAM
how can it make a
* World Environ-
ment Day 2008
* The LBS Protocol
* Do you see what
we see? (pg. 2)
* UNEP Regional
PCU (pg. 3)
* IWCAM Question
and Response (pg.
* Climate Change-
One more Assault
on Fisheries (pgs.
* Exploring Ap-
proachs to IWCAM
in Haiti (pg. 5, 6)
* A Look at Environ-
mental Damage in
the Lower Haina
River Basin, DR
* The South Florida
Balancing Act (pg.
The World Environment Day slogan for 2008 is Kick
the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy. Recog-
nizing that climate change is becoming the defining
issue of our era, UNEP is asking countries, companies
and communities to focus on greenhouse gas emis-
sions and how to reduce them. The World Environment
Day will highlight resources and initiatives that promote
low carbon economies and life-styles, such as im-
proved energy efficiency, alternative energy sources,
forest conservation and eco-friendly consumption.
For more information see: http://www.unep.orql
In this issue we consider the effects of climate change
upon Caribbean Fisheries. See pages 4-5.
WUHRL ENVIHUNMENT UAY 5 JUNE 2008
TOWARDS A LOW CARBON ECONOMiY
a Caribbean WaterWays
SGEF Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project
HI GEF Volume 2, Issue 2 June 2008
EHI Volume 2, Issue 2 ]une 2008
COU1 A -..e2
IWCAM Legislative Toolkit
how can it make a difference?
integratingg our approach to watershed and
coastal areas management is something that
is well within our reach. However many Car-
ibbean SIDS are handicapped in making this
a reality given their limited human and i1 i..i, i
cial resource capacities, inadequate l/ .- 'e.
tive andregulatory environments, inefi-',l '
enforcement capabilities, and institutec' i j1..
are not structured to address water re,.s t.
matters in an holistic manner. Where .,,;..
cesses have been attained in the Caril' .. -i
and other SIDS regions, those must be 7i i
highest prominence and emulated as i P ..- 11I
to the country context."
This view, expressed by Dr. Christopher Cox, Acting Programme Director
of the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI), formerly a Sen-
ior Forestry Officer and Assistant Chief Forestry Officer at the Ministry of
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries in St. Lucia, has been echoed
throughout the region.
To help countries develop more integrated policies and legislation in
support of integrated watershed and coastal areas management, the
GEF-IWCAM Project has been working with the consultants of Environ-
(Contnued on page 2)
The LBS Protocol
In October 1999, Parties to the Cartagena Convention adopted the Protocol Concerning
Land-Based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol), a regional agreement for the preven-
tion, reduction, and control of marine pollution from land-based sources and activities. It
identifies the major sources of land-based pollution and offers ways for decreasing their
negative impacts on the coastal and marine environment. Signing and meeting the obli-
gations of the LBS Protocol will help reduce priority pollutants in the wider Catibbean Re-
gion. It will also promote cooperation in monitoring, research and exchange of scientific
and technical information.
To date, four countries, Trinidad & Tobago, Panama, France and St. Lucia, have acceded to the Protocol. Five more countries
must accede before it can come into force. The GEF-IWCAM Project seeks to support countries to accede to this Protocol.
For more information see: www.cep.unep.org
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
Do you see what we see?
... a landslide!
Soils on steep slopes become landslides when satu-
rated with water. This may happen after heavy rain-
fall and is exacerbated when the land has been left
exposed as a result of clearing or forest fires. Land-
slides can have disastrous impacts, such as de-
stroyed buildings, deaths of humans and livestock,
increased sedimentation in rivers, blocked roads,
These problems can be mitigated most simply
through maintaining appropriate levels of vegetation.
BACKGROUND ON THE GEF-IWCAM
The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed
and CoastalAreas Management in Caribbean Small Island De-
velopment States (GEF-IWCAM) Project was approvedby the
Global Environment Facility (GEF) in May 2004. Implementing
agencies are the United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP). Executing agencies are the Secretariat of the
Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU) and the Caribbean
Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office of Pro-
ject Services (UNOPS). The thirteen participating SIDS are:
Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and
Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trini-
dad and Tobago. The length of the Project is Syears and com-
menced in the second quarter of 2005. The Project Coordinating
Unit is located at the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and
Executing Agencies and the participating countries.
(Continuedfrom page 1)
mental Advisors Inc., key stakeholders in the region and techni-
cal experts to develop the Toolkit for Institutional, Policy, and
Legislative Improvements in Support of the IWCAM Ap-
proach in Caribbean SIDS
The ultimate goal of the toolkit is to -
* promote the ratification of the Protocol Concerning Pollution
from Land-Based Sources and Activities (the LBS Protocol)
as a comprehensive tool to control, prevent, and/or reduce
* propose a mix of legal, institutional and capacity-building
options that countries may exercise to implement the Proto-
* recognize the influence and relationship of other Multi-
lateral Environmental Agreements in the control of marine
* resolve the biggest practical challenge of inadequate re-
sources both human and financial to harmonise domes-
tic and international legal instruments on marine pollution.
The toolkit lays out instruments for government officials; assists
in building capacity at regional and national levels to understand
the requirements of the LBS Protocol; increases the understand-
ing, awareness and skills of personnel responsible for drafting
laws for protecting watershed and coastal and marine areas;
facilitates the adoption of regional standards and thereby pro-
motes best practices in IWCAM; enhances synergies among
legal, technical and managerial approaches to implementing
IWCAM; and offers information to update knowledge and skills
with fact sheets, checklists and practical examples from other
It is intended to be both an educational guide and a reference
document, or a series of stand-alone modules to be used by
practitioners such as technocrats, policy makers, legislative
draftspersons, planners, developers and water managers. It can
be used to introduce newcomers to integrated watershed and
coastal area management systems. It can also serve as a refer-
ence source for case studies and model laws. The model laws
provide a framework or starting point for countries to draft the
necessary laws within the practiced legislative drafting style of
the participating countries. They contain recommended regula-
tory language as well as annotations which provide guidance on
how to customize the laws to best fit individual country needs.
It is acknowledged that when dealing with capacity building in
the area of legislation, institutional frameworks and policy there
can be no "one size fits all" product. It is also important to recog-
nise that in many cases each GEF-IWCAM participating country
has its own initiative including policies, governance guidelines
and protocols related to IWCAM. The Toolkit is therefore de-
(Continued on page 3)
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
(Continuedfrom page 2)
signed as a flexible tool to complement activities already underway in
the respective countries and to track a country's progress towards
IWCAM. The actions that each country takes will therefore change as
a country tries to keep up with policy and other modifications as they
occur. The model laws are therefore not intended to be adopted as is,
but rather provide an approach that each country may adopt in devel-
oping its own legal framework.
When using the toolkit, it is strongly recommended that a team of tech-
nical, policy and legal experts be involved in developing the final law.
To promote regional implementation, users of this Toolkit are encour-
aged to exchange experiences with other GEF-IWCAM participating
countries in their efforts to build capacity and improve their legal and
institutional frameworks for IWCAM.
The Toolkit is presented in seven parts: an introduction; five sections
which promote actions enabling laws, subsidiary legislation, policies,
capacity-building and public awareness initiatives or institutional re-
form that may be undertaken either individually or simultaneously
depending on a country's circumstances, to establish a legal, policy
and institutional framework for integrating watershed and coastal ar-
eas management to control and manage the pollution of inland and
coastal waters; and a conclusion.
It may be found on the Project website at:
For additional information contact the Project Coordinating Unit.
UNEP's Regional Coordinator visits GEF-
IWCAM Project Coordinating Unit (PCU)
On May 13-14, 2008 Mr. Nelson Andrade, Regional Coordinator of
the Secretariat of the Cartagena
accompanied by Christopher Cor-
bin, AMEP Project Officer, visited
the GEF-IWCAM PCU for meetings
and held discussions with the Car-
ibbean Environmental Health Insti-
During the mission, Mr. Andrade
participated in the launch of a
rainwater harvesting initiative at
the GEF-IWCAM St. Lucia Demo
site. He also signed an MoU with
CEHI related to sewage assess-
"Keeping the Main Thing the Main Thing"
GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Project Managers and Communications
personnel met in Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, 26-28
May 2008 to develop their communications and public education
strategies. They were guided by consultants Maria Protz, Edward
Spang and the PCU Team.
Q: "What do you think are the biggest challenges to the
adoption of coherent and consistent policies, laws, and
regulations which promote an IWCAM approach? How
can this toolkit help to overcome them?"
"The IWCAM project is in many ways pioneering the
application of an integrated approach to watershed and
coastal zone management. Such an approach imposes
on the ground changes to both the legal and institutional
frameworks in order to implement constructive water
management reforms that will benefit countries and the
region as the current reality often complicates achieve-
ment of inte-
grated manage- Isabelle Vanderbeck, Task Mt hiiagelr, <,l. Pro-
ment goals. jects in Latin America & the Caribbean
Those changes to fragmentation of authority and responsibility for integrated
water management and use require interactions amongst governmental agen-
cies and private organizations, both nationally and internationally and are
inevitable for more sustainable economic growth. They also require the "right
tools" to modify the "bad laws," or legislation which actually impedes or dis-
rupts integrated management "efficiency", resulting in limited national develop-
Accordingly, the participating countries will have to attempt to reform their laws
and enforcement systems in the process of their political efforts to strengthen
the integrated management of watershed and coastal zones, to enhance the
protection of the SIDS ecosystems, and to foster a common Caribbean ap-
proach to IWCAM.
The challenges reside mainly in forging general acceptance on common ob-
jectives and menus of actions to be taken by the relevant authorities and
thereafter with regard to the adoption of legal structures ensuring perenniality
of the reform framework. Some countries have begun successful reforms
through formal legal structures or "informal" mechanisms. But real change will
come only when there is determination to change and a willingness to reduce
(or somehow accommodate) the legal and institutional obstacles that prevent
integrated water resources management.
It is thus expected that the IWCAM Kit will prove to be a useful and user
friendly tool helping Caribbean nations to adopt coherent policies, laws, and
regulations in support of the IWCAM principles."
i ',, . ,. ,,. i ._ ',
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
Climate Change -One More Assault on Fisheries
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in a recent (February 2008) publication "In Dead Water- Merging
climate change with pollution, over-harvest, and infestations in the world's fishing grounds" reminded us that:
"The impacts of climate change on the marine environment are growing rapidly...
Unless other pressures are reduced in some of the primary fishing grounds, including bottom trawling and pollution, the
impacts may become catastrophic, resulting in wide-spread death or strongly depleted fishing grounds, with severe im-
pacts on countries, coastal economies, livelihoods and food supply."
This article, written by Donna Spencer and Herold Gopaul, was part of a series of press articles published in regional newspapers in the lead up to the Fourth
Caribbean Environmental Forum (CEF-4) which takes place 23-27June 2008 in St. Georges, Grenada. See: http://cehi.org.Ic/Website/index.htm
Anse la Raye Fish Fry on a Friday night in St.
Lucia and Oistins weekly Fish Fest in Barbados abun-
dant fish of all kinds: snapper, king fish, flying fish,
mahi mahi, shrimp, conch, lobster...grilled, stewed,
fried...savoured, relished, enjoyed.
These weekly celebrations of abundance from
the sea are the destinations of many tourists and locals
alike. Throughout the Caribbean, communities like
Anse la Raye and Oistins depend upon the sea. Fish-
ing is essential to our food supply, supports the liveli-
hoods of many, and contributes to our culture. The an-
nual yield of lobsters from the shelves and banks of the
Caribbean islands has a retail value in restaurants of
approximately US$40 million. Yet Caribbean fisheries
The marine environment is subjected to many
threats, foremost among them:
id land-based activities
-00w Habitat loss
of fisheries; and
These threats, indi-
vidually or combined, result in severe impacts on the
biological production of the world's oceans.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organi-
zation (FAO) capture of fish from the sea has declined
or remained level since 2000. Local fishermen find that
the size of their catch is steadily dwindling. Consumers
buying fish can attest to its scarcity and rising cost.
Caribbean fisheries are threatened by the same factors
which affect global fisheries. Capture fisheries for 2001
for the Western Central Atlantic region, of which the
Caribbean Sea is a part, were 1.7 million metric tonnes,
minor when compared to global production figures of
92.4 million metric tonnes. All the major commercially
important species and groups of species in the region
are reported to be fully
developed or over-
exploited. Conch, for ex-
ample, has been listed as
endangered by the Con-
vention on Internalional
Trade in Endangered
In a recent paper
on political organization and socio-economics of fishing
communities in Trinidad and Tobago, Belize and Gre-
nada, scientists pointed out that in the small-scale ar-
tisanal fisheries of Caribbean countries, the problem of
collapsing fish stocks is extremely serious when one
considers the relative dependence on fishing in coastal
communities and its importance to the islands' econo-
The problems are myriad. The Caribbean is-
lands are surrounded by warm-water coral reefs. Cor-
als, in addition to being beautiful living animals, are of
vital importance to coastal fisheries. They have a nar-
row range of tolerance to water temperature, salinity,
ultra violet radiation, cloudy water and nutrient levels.
Even minor pollution can severely impact coral reefs
and their ability to support thousands of fish species
and other marine life. During the El Nino event of
1982/1983, sea surface temperatures in the Caribbean
exceeded 29 degree Centigrade, which led to extensive
bleaching of coral reefs throughout the Caribbean. In
Jamaica the coral reef system experienced several
stresses including coral reef bleaching which eventually
(Continued onpage 5)
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
Exploring Approaches to IWCAM
Haiti, one of the larger and more populated of the GEF-IWCAM
Participating Countries, grapples with the challenge of integrating
watershed and coastal areas management constantly. Perhaps
more than any other nation in the region, deforestation and land
degradation are critical issues in Haiti. According to the United
Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) total forest cover
in Haiti is estimated at less than 3.8%, which contrasts with forest
cover levels of 51.5% in the Bahamas, 61.3% in Dominica, and
44.1% in Trinidad and Tobago. The deforestation and related land
degradation, exacerbated by poverty and urbanization, results in
fatal landslides during heavy rains, poor agricultural opportunities,
and significant land-based sources of marine pollution.
1.. r r.: .IiDqIII IfIIh ins. tIfIlwil. hL % IIrIifDpI'r
t 19%. Di>IIt' IrivI aI uid 1 it& ei
It was against this backdrop that Vincent Sweeney, (GEF-IWCAM
Regional Project Coordinator) and Dr. Christopher Cox (Caribbean
Environmental Health Institute Acting Programme Director) trav-
eled to Haiti to familiarize themselves with the on-the-ground situa-
tion and collaborate with colleagues at the national-level about
useful interventions which the project could undertake.
Their visit was hosted and facilitated by the Ministry of Environ-
ment, and primarily by Joseph Ronald Toussaint, the GEF-IWCAM
Focal Point for Haiti.
During their time in Haiti
Mr. Sweeney and Dr.
Cox held a series of
formal and informal
meetings with represen-
tatives from the Govern-
ment of Haiti and other
agencies working within
and supporting Haiti, I-he tl, :r, 'tl !. lr .i/tri n I \
including the United Ridge, eenf Jronre cott
Programme Country Office; the National Tamarinier Laboratory of
(Continued on page 6)
(Contmnuedfrom page 4)
led to total destruction of the country's coral reefs, with
resulting losses in food production, tourism and the
These coral reefs along with sea grass beds
and mangrove swamps, are important as nurseries or
shelters for various fish species but they are being dam-
aged as more and more land is cleared for develop-
The threat of climate change with its many im-
pacts is now increasingly recognized as another assault
upon world fisheries. The Fourth Assessment Report of
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC), the expert group assessing the latest scientific,
technical and socio-economic data on the risk of hu-
man-induced climate change, states that the warming of
the Earth's climate system is unequivocal. Increases in
global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread
melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea
level are all evidence of this.
Climate change will have many impacts upon
the sea: rising surface water temperatures and signifi-
cant sea level rise; changes in the wave climate, circu-
lation, ice cover, fresh water run-off, salinity, oxygen
levels and water acidity.
Just one of these effects, sea level rise, will
result in a reduced amount of light reaching coral reefs
and sea grass beds. Decreased stocks of fish would be
one of the consequences of their destruction, as many
fish species live and feed in and around the reefs.
Climate change therefore will add to the stress
which our fisheries are already subjected to from un-
checked coastal development, pollution, over-
harvesting, disease and infestations by invasive spe-
cies. In the midst of all this, heavy exploitation and de-
pletion of fish stocks continues.
Saving fisheries means being careful not to
over-harvest, reducing pollution from our land-based
activities, managing our water resources responsibly,
and development which is sustainable. Leaving a
smaller carbon footprint i.e. using less energy, will help
us save energy and money and play a responsible part
in reducing climate change.
Learning more about the different factors which
impact upon our fisheries and about the effects of our
activities is a necessary first step towards making sure
that the abundant fish which we enjoy today can also be
enjoyed by our children and grandchildren in the future.
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
(Contmuedfrom page 5)
the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Devel-
opment; National Centre for Geospatial Information (CNIGS),
and the United States Agency for International Development.
A field trip was also organised to downtown Port-au-Prince, in
order to illustrate the severe problem of pollution of the marine
environment due to activities within the capital city and then
outside of Port-au-Prince, to the Arcadin Coast, where the im-
pacts of coastal pollution from Port-au-Prince could be seen.
The meeting with Ministry of Environment officials served to
identify four main areas for consideration, in terms of priority
actions in Haiti. These were identified by the Ministry of Environ-
ment as being:
1. Pilot application of GIS for monitoring watersheds and pollu-
tion problems in the coastal zone and the Bay surrounding Port-
2. Integrated Water Resources Management Planning and sani-
3. Conduct of a follow-up regional/international seminar on Envi-
ronmental Flows, using the Artibonite River watershed as a case
study. This was proposed by Joseph Ronald Toussaint, who
attended a Workshop on Environmental Flows, convened by
IUCN and IW:LEARN in Iguassu Falls, Brazil, earlier this year,
along with a representative from Cuba and one from St. Vincent
(who was funded by GEF-IWCAM).
4. Laboratory strengthening.
On its visit to the National Tamarinier Laboratory of the Min-
istry of Agriculture, Natural Resources & Rural Develop-
ment (MARNDR), Dr. Million, Director of the laboratory, which
focuses on veterinary animal health and food safety, as well as
water quality, described their efforts to expand the facilities and
the support which the laboratory currently receives, including
support from Argentina and Cuba. Its work includes animal and
plant quarantine, diagnostics, quality control, toxicology, bacteri-
ology, microbiology, virology, pathology, parasitology, and chem-
istry. The limitations of the laboratory facilities were highlighted.
These include the need for equipment, reagents, additional hu-
man capacity and to improve analytical techniques.
A tour of the CNIGS' fa-
cilities demonstrated their
capabilities to function as
a lead agency for GIS
pilot activities and to pro-
vide assistance to other
ing Countries. Ms. Gina
Porcena, Director of .ph Ro,7 l I-sut asd
CNIGS, gave the visitors o, in, Irrrte arlt .\1<,n.
a tour of the facility.
CNIGS is integrally involved in the management of geospatial
information and development of GIS capabilities for Haiti. It re-
ceives significant support from the European Union and is plan-
ning to look at watershed management as part of its activities
under that programme. It was agreed that CNIGS would partici-
pate in a joint activity to examine a watershed at risk, which
demonstrates the effects of multiple problems such as human-
based pollution, erosion, sand-mining, irrigated agriculture and
pesticide impacts. The parties agreed to identify a practical ap-
proach, build synergies with existing projects and that the prob-
lem to be addressed should help to provide information and
support decision-making in a watershed which empties into the
coastal zone. Suggested locations included the Arcadin coast.
The GEF-IWCAM Project is committed to working with Haiti to
address issues related to integrated watershed and coastal ar-
eas management. Based on this visit and on-going communica-
tion, the project and Ministry of Environment are brainstorming
on pilot activities to identify "hotspots" using GIS technologies
and implement specific activities to mitigate some of the more
damaging impacts of deforestation in these areas. Both GEF-
IWCAM and the Government of Haiti are committed to making
this intervention as effective as possible, and as such have been
looking to other partners working in the area to ensure there is
no duplication of effort and instead there are synergies.
While Haiti's challenges may seem overwhelming in comparison
to other countries in the region, and the resources available are
limited, the GEF-IWCAM Pro-
ject is confident that small-scale
application of the IWCAM ap-
1. proach is one possible way to
M address some of Haiti's press-
I>olllHr'rl >itu~riiri rrr I>cw-trrr-l>rrrrc r
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
A look at environmental damage in the Lower Haina
River Basin, Dominican Republic
or remembering why IWCAM is important
While on a field visit to the Lower Haina River Basin, site of the Dominican Republic's GEF-
IWCAM Demonstration Project, in May I was struck by the contrast between this watershed
and the Driver's River Watershed in Portland, Jamaica, the last one we had visited (in March
2008) and which was relatively pristine.
The Lower Haina River Basin is one of the main industrial conglomerations in the Dominican
Republic. Within this River Basin there is a coal-fired electricity generating plant, a petroleum
refinery and a vehicle battery factory amongst more than one hundred medium to large sized
industries. The area has been highly contaminated by these industrial activities as well as by
the solid and liquid wastes generated by the communities. It is home to very large unplanned
or squatter settlements and the effects of the lack of planning and services are very apparent
on the hills, along the river banks and in the water.
Yet the waters of this Basin are among the main fresh water sources of the capital city, Santo
Domingo. I wondered how many people going about their daily business in the capital were
aware of, or thought about, this. There is a great need for public education about the water-
shed and linkages between activities on land and their effects upon the very water we need.
I came away with a better appreciation of the huge challenge which is faced by the Demon-
stration Project Management Team. Their work to involve stakeholders, in particular the in-
dustrial sector, in interventions such as recycling, a heavy metal contamination survey to bet-
ter guide policy and strategic planning, and overall integrated management programmes, will
require energy, determination and support.
This field visit sure wasn't a walk in the park but the friendly children we encountered every-
where were enough reminder of why the Lower Haina River Basin, and others like it, need to
be cleaned up as soon as possible.
L f l
IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter
The South Florida Water Management
A Balancing Act
Donna Spencer attended the UNEP/IW:LEARN Informa-
tion Technology Workshop which took place 2 6 June
2008 at Florida Atlantic University's Center for Environ-
mental Studies in Boca Raton. While the training itself
focused upon Plone open source software and website
building, on Friday 6th June, participants in the Workshop
visited the South Florida Water Management District
(SFWMD) in nearby West Palm Beach.
This regional, governmental agency oversees the water
resources in the southern half of the state of Florida which
has one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. It is
the oldest and largest of the state's five water manage-
ment districts and a centre of excellence. Its mission is to
manage and protect water resources of the region by bal-
ancing and improving water quality, flood control, natural
systems and water supply.
This broad mission is achieved through a number of pro-
grams which include:
Coastal watersheds the restoration of coastal water-
sheds and receiving water bodies through local initiatives
and partnerships and applied scientific research; decreas-
ing flood damages District-wide through flood management
The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
(CERP), an unprecedented State-Federal partnership
which aims to restore, conserve and protect South Flor-
ida's ecosystem while providing for other water-related
needs of the region, including water supply and flood pro-
Protection and restoration of natural systems in the
northern Everglades (Kissimmee, Lake Okeechobee, Ca-
loosahatchee and St. Lucie watersheds) by increasing
storage capacity and water quality treatment.
Land Stewardship the provision of natural resource
protection, effective land management and reasonable
opportunities for appropriate agricultural use, while allow-
ing compatible recreational uses on designated public
SFWMD's responsibilities also include: modeling and sci-
entific support; operations and maintenance; regulation;
and, ensuring an adequate supply of water to protect natu-
ral systems and meet all existing and projected reason-
able-beneficial uses, while sustaining water resources for
Agnes Ramsey, Deputy Department Director, Everglades
Restoration Planning, elaborated on SFWMD's ambitious
10 billion dollar, 35 year implementation plan to restore the
Everglades. CERP is already helping to reduce the prob-
lems which for years have plagued the area: too much or
too little water in the South Florida ecosystem; massive
reductions in populations of wading birds; degradation of
water quality; repetitive water shortages and salt water
intrusion; declining estuary health; and as much as 1.7
billion gallons of water a day wasted to tide.
Department Director, Operations Control, Susan Sylvester,
gave an overview of SFWMD's Water Management Sys-
tem. Part of this is the state's primary flood-control sys-
tem, the Central and Southern Florida (C&SF) Project,
which includes approximately 2,000 miles of canals and
levees, hundreds of water control structures, dozens of
pump stations, and numerous other facilities. Finally, the
group was given the opportunity to tour the Operations
SCControl Center Science and Tech-
Snology in Action!
Ioiiiinr!:l SI II : lI> h'\hhm 111111l <>pL'rIIIIfIII% L rl
Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Projects and others are invited to submit articles. Please contact
Donna Spencer at firstname.lastname@example.org
IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721