Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00009
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: March 2008
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098815
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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cl Caribbean WaterWays

SGrF Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project
EI EF Voume 2, Issue 1 arch 2008

EHIaI Volume2,Issue 1 March 2008

In this issue:

* Feature: How will
we know we're on
the right track? -
Indicators and

* Laboratory
Strengthening in
Countries (pgs.1,

* Do you see what
we see? (pg.1)

* Communicating
for Integrated
shop addresses
concerns of Par-
ticipating Coun-
tries (pgs. 4, 5)

* Think About Wa-
ter! IWRM Videos
Launched! (pg. 5)

* Cuba's Demon-
stration Project:
"Application of
IWCAM Concepts
at Cienfuegos Bay
and Watershed."
launched! (pg. 6)

* A Community in
Dominica Learns
how to Monitor its
Watershed (pg. 7)

* Reflections on
Water (pg. 8)

Do you see what we

The appearance of areas of
cloudy, brown (dirty looking) water off
the shoreline, particularly after heavy
rainfall, is an increasingly common sight
as we walk or drive along the coasts.
This most often is the result of topsoil or
sediment runoff from adjacent areas of
land, either directly or via rivers. It is a
sign that land degradation is taking
place, such as extensive clearing for con-
struction and slash and burn agriculture,
which leave the soil exposed to the ele-
ments. This illustrates why IWCAM is so
important to us.

Feature Article:
How will we know we're on the right


Indicators and GEF-IWCAM
The lack of basic environmental statistics and indicators is
considered a major problem in the Small Island Developing States
(SIDS) of the Caribbean. Indicators, which are quantitative or qualitative
statements or measured/observed parameters that can be used to de-
scribe existing situations and measure changes or trends over time, are
important in determining success in the integration of watershed and
coastal area management and the resulting improvement of the environ-
ment and associated livelihoods.

There are many different types of indicators. The IWCAM Pro-
ject conforms to the Global Environment Facility's grouping of indicators
into three categories:
1. Process
2. Stress Reduction
3. Environmental Status

Process Indicators:
These are institutional processes on the multi-country or sin-
gle-country level which result in joint action on needed policy, legal and
institutional reforms and investments which aim to reduce environmental
* The establishment of country-specific inter-ministerial committees to
engage key ministries that may be involved with reducing sectoral
(Continued on page 2)

Laboratory Strengthening in Participating Countries

Laboratory strengthening in Participating Countries has been identified by key stakeholders as necessary to support and promote
IWCAM practices and activities. The first phase of this will be an assessment of the laboratories within Participating Countries (PCs). The
goals of this assessment are:
The enhancement / development of the capability of national laboratories to perform basic analytical techniques related to the
attainment of IWCAM objectives;
The development of capacity for national IWCAM-related environmental surveillance and monitoring;
Enhancement of collaboration and cooperation amongst relevant national laboratories in the 13 participating SIDS countries,
thereby facilitating greater information exchanges between laboratories;
Increasing the awareness of SIDS stakeholders about regional and national laboratory services available and how these ser-
vices can be accessed;
Achievement of compliance with the obligations of the Cartagena Convention and the LBS Protocol.
(Continued on page 8)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Exploring Jamaica's Demo Project site...

Drivers River Water-
shed: view down to Port
Antonio from Non Such

Members of the commu-
nity: Oliver Hendricks
and Omar Doyley,
Chairman ofthe Devel-
opmentArea Committee


The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed and Coastal
Areas Management in Caribbean Small Island Development States (GEF-
IWCAM) Project was approvedby the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in May
2004. .- .. UnitedNations Environment Programme
(UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Executing
agencies are the Secretariat of the Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU)
and the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office of
Project Services (UNOPS). The thirteen .; :. SIDS are:Antigua and
Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Re-
public, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago. The length of the Project is years and
commenced in the second quarter of 2005. The Project .-. .Unit is
locatedat the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and ExecutingAgencies and

(Continuedfrom page 1)
stress on the water body;
* Country ratification of the regional or global conventions
and protocols pertinent to the project;
* Country adoption of specific water, environment or sector-
related legal reforms, policies, institutions, standards and
programmes necessary to address the transboundary prior-
ity issues, including stakeholder participation programmes.

Stress Reduction Indicators:
These are on-the-ground measures implemented by
the collaborating countries to reduce damage to the environ-

* Non-point source pollution programmes implemented;
* The amount of underwater or wetland area placed into pro-
tected management, including the establishment of no fish-
ing zones;
* Reduced pollution to groundwater recharge zones.

Environmental Status Indicators:
These indicate improvements/changes in actual per-
formance or success in restoring or protecting the targeted area.

* Measurable improvements in tropic status;
* Improved (measurable) ecological or biological indices;
* Changes (stable or improved) in local community income
and social conditions as a result of improvements in envi-
ronmental conditions.

Why are Indicators important for the GEF-IWCAM
The GEF-IWCAM Project must be able to determine
how successful it has been in achieving the objective of integrat-
ing watershed and coastal area management with resulting im-
provements in the state of the environment and livelihoods. It is
for this reason that identifying indicators and keeping track of
them throughout the life of the project is important they can
help us to measure the effectiveness of activities or measures
put in place.

In some cases, these indicators will be adopted by
others and will continue to be monitored even after the GEF-
IWCAM Project has finished. This would help determine the
long-term impact of the Project and its sustainability.

How is the GEF-IWCAM Project establishing Indi-
In March 2008, the GEF-IWCAM Project Coordinating
Unit and consultants Dr. Sherry Heileman and Leslie Walling,
(Continued on page 3)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Contmuedfrom page 2)
met with representatives of Participating Countries (PCs) and
Demonstration Projects at a regional workshop to review and
comment upon a template of key indicators which was created
following a comprehensive survey of PCs with regard to their
tracking of indicators and other data.

Vincent Sweeney, RPC, makes
opening remarks

The two documents re-
viewed at the Workshop

Draft IWCAM Indicators
Mechanism and Capacity
Assessment (February


Draft IWCAM Indicators Template (February 2008):


This regional workshop on Indicators was co-hosted
by the Global Environment Facility through two projects -: Inte-
grating Watershed and Coastal Areas Management in Carib-
bean Small Island Developing States (GEF-IWCAM) Project and
the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (GEF-
IABIN), in Ocho Rios, Jamaica, from 10 to 12 March 2008.
GEF-IABIN (www.iabin.net) is a network which serves to im-
prove collaboration and coordination among countries of the
Americas in collection, sharing, and use of biodiversity informa-
tion to promote sustainable development in the region. The
Workshop included joint sessions between IWCAM and IABIN.

The Workshop aimed to help PCs identify key indica-
tors of IWCAM in their respective countries. The selection and
tracking of suitable indicators should enable countries and dem-
onstration projects to better evaluate the projects' effectiveness
as time goes on. Continued monitoring of indicators after the
projects end will help to determine long-term impact and sustain-
ability, as well as the efficacy of future interventions at all levels.

Based upon feedback at the Workshop, the Indicator
Template will be refined before being presented to the PCs.

Once indicators are established, The PCU will work
with PCs to determine and establish sustainable mechanisms for
data monitoring and capture. This will require some capacity
building, institutional strengthening, national laboratory enhance-
ments, etc.

Indicators will be monitored in the on-going monitoring
and evaluation programme under the GEF-IWCAM Project.

Much of the information in this article has been ex-
cerpted from Alfred Duda's paper: "Monitoring and Evaluation
Indicators for GEF International Waters Projects". See:

documents-referenced-in-indicators-training/duda indicator.pdf

Report on Indicators for the St. George's Declaration (A Report
to the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit (ESDU),
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), December


ILAC 2004 Indicators Latin American and Caribbean Initiative
for Sustainable Development (Report published by the United
Nations environment Programme, the World Bank and the Uni-
versity of Costa Rica, 2004):


A guidebook to Environmental indicators, CSIRO, Australia:

The United Nations Global Environment Monitoring System:
h ttp://www.emswater.orlQ
publications/index-e. html

UPIJEP lMIRr1 2005 Pro-
cllc>r Isse m-aler hImI q

Above: OECS Working

At right: Regional Institu-
tions Working Group


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Communicating for Integrated Management -
GEF IWCAM Workshop addresses concerns of Participating Countries

The development and implementation of communications
activities to help promote and strengthen IWCAM at community,
national and regional levels are fundamental to the success of the
GEF IWCAM Project. The Project therefore convened a Work-
shop on Communications, Public Education and Outreach for Inte-
grated Watershed and Coastal Areas Management, 12 13 Febru-
ary 2008, in Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago.

Participants in the Workshop included Participating Coun-
try representatives, Demonstration Project Managers or community
outreach personnel (where in place) and print and broadcast jour-

The objectives of the workshop were:

* to review, amend and endorse the GEF-IWCAM Draft Commu-
nications Planning Guide;
* to develop a communications, Public Education and Outreach
Strategy and Action Plan consistent with the above;
* To provide guidance to Participating Countries and Demonstra-
tion Project Representatives on dealing effectively with the
* To introduce participants and the regional media to IWCAM,
IWCAM resources and promotional materials. A media confer-
ence was therefore scheduled for the second day of the Work-

In his opening remarks Vincent Sweeney, the GEF-
IWCAM Regional Project Coordinator stressed that beyond stimulat-
ing awareness among participants, the Workshop would set the
stage for future awareness building activities and establish a foun-
dation upon which a sustainable partnership for communication in
environment and development could be built, especially with media

Participating Countries Perspectives on Challenges
in Communicating IWCAM Summary:

* Public understanding of IWCAM and the term 'watershed' is
* Using language which is easily understood by the public is a
major challenge;
* Internet access is limited;
* Getting people to attend meetings is difficult;
* Countries without local demonstration projects find it hard to
focus the nation on IWCAM as an approach;
* Land use conflicts, farming practices and industrial practices
are among the main issues; hence farmers, land developers
and industry are important target groups
* The development of a National Environmental Education Strat-
egy, while uncommon, has proved to be a useful framework for
the development and implementation of both formal (teachers
and students in a classroom setting) and non-formal (e.g. fish-
ermen and farmers) approaches;
* Resources allocated to public education are limited; particularly
trained staff and access to printed materials;
* Communications about the environment tend to be ad hoc in
* Cultural differences or perceptions, the fact that people do not
read much, language, perceptions about the messenger, and
gender issues are major challenges to communication;
* Networking with NGOs and CBOs is important within the Dem-
onstration Project areas.

In PCs where Demonstration Projects exist, ensuring that
the project has a national projection and that IWCAM is integrated
into national policy is a challenge. On the other hand, ensuring that
demonstration projects have a 'community-focus' and are participa-
tory is also a challenge.

The GEF-IWCAM Communications Planning Guide

The Communications Planning Guide is meant to help
Participating Countries develop and implement communications
activities; to help the PCU find effective ways of ensuring that key
lessons and best practices are effectively communicated to target
audiences at every level; and, to help national and community level
partners break down their long term objectives into a series of small
achievable steps. The GEF-IWCAM communications approach,
which is introduced in the Guide consists of three parallel and over-
lapping sets of activities:

1. Public Relations and Environmental Education
2. Social Marketing Behaviour Modification Campaigns

www. iwca m.org

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

3. Documenting and Communicating Lessons Learned and Best
Workshop Participants The Draft Communications planning Guide had been cir-
during opening culated for review prior to the Workshop and was briefly outlined by
the CNIS and then commented upon by the participants.

Strategic Communications Planning
Dr. Maria Protz, Consultant in Communications for Devel-
opment, introduced participants to the three essential steps in the
strategic communications planning process: 1) Identifying GAPS in
the KAPS; 2) Identifying Primary and Secondary Audiences; and 3)
Developing Appropriate Indicators and Communication Interven-
tions. A Working Session followed during which Participating Coun-
tries went through a Strategic Communications Planning exercise.

Tecla Fontenard ofthe Making the Most of the Media
OPAAL Project, OECS, Indi McLymont-Lafayette, Journalist, PANOS Caribbean,
introduces their survey who works with communities and sees information as a tool for de-
velopment, changed the focus of the Workshop to effective media
relations with a presentation titled: "Making the most of the Media".
This included some guidance on preparing a media release and
preparing for an interview. Working Groups afterward prepared
media releases or interviews for presentation and critique.

The Media Conference was attended by four media
houses. The public education video shorts series "Think About
r, Water", which was prepared for the GEF-IWCAM and Integrated
Water Resource Management (IWRM) Projects, (see below) was
launched with a showing of two of the four shorts. Sandra Timothy,
Trinidad and Tobago's Demonstration Project Manager, described
Ilalla Sahe'l.r (S.K.\i amnl
S. the local Demonstration Project and its benefits. It focuses upon
.VA\ ll" I ''oli I I'i( lo ut) I
dt'uili'uiratiion uIrI t twi> land use in the Courland Watershed and Buccoo Reef Area, To-
bago. A highly interactive session, in which the media asked ques-
tions of the Workshop participants and, vice versa, followed.

IWRM Videos Launched!

"Think About Water!" is a series of four video shorts (each 2 min-
utes long) introducing Integrated Water Resource Management
(IWRM) in the Caribbean:

Think About water
Water Governance
Land-based Sources of Marine Pollution
IWCAM: Tobago Demonstration Project

These were produced by the Buccoo Reef Trust for the GEF-IWCAM
Project and CEHI with funding support from the UNEP Collaborating
Centre on Water and the Environment.

These are available for public education purposes. For
more information contact: dspencer@cehi.org.lc

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IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Cuba's Demonstration Project:
"Application of IWCAM Concepts at
View ofthe
Cienfuegos Bay and Watershed" CienfuegosBay
launched from Castillo

Cuba's GEF- IWCAM Demonstration Project was
formally launched on February 25th2008 in Cienfuegos, one
of the country's main seaports and centre of the sugar
trade, located on the southern coast.

The launch took place on the afternoon of February
25th. Formalities were exchanged among the delegates from the
United Nations Development Programme in Cuba, the local au-
thorities in Cienfuegos, the Centre for Environmental Studies of
Cienfuegos (CEAC), and the Ministry of Science, Technology
and the Environment (CITMA). Vincent Sweeney, Regional
Project Coordinator explained the Regional component of the
project and Alain Munoz described the Cuba Demonstration 1 s ios h'-,t lho
Project. The next steps for project implementation were out- 1 "
lined. The launch was also attended by representatives from
the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI), UNDP/
GEF, MINVEC, the Centre for Engineering and Environmental
Management of Bays and Coasts (CIMAB), on behalf of UNEP
CAR/RCU, and representatives of other Cuban government

On February 26th there was a fieldtrip to the "14th July"
sugar factory in the Cienfuegos watershed, then to CEAC, and,
finally to the fortress at Castillo de Jagua, at the mouth of Cien-
fuegos Bay.

The 14th July sugar factory is the site which is being
used to demonstrate best land-use practices in agriculture. Participants tou
Those touring were given an outline of the work planned and 4th
14th July Sugar
completed thus far. This relates to the reduction of water con- Facory
sumption, recycling and reuse of materials on-site, reuse of
wastewater for irrigation and overall cleaner production ap-
proaches. Aspects of the laboratory facilities which need im-
provement were highlighted.

CEAC is integrally involved in the Integrated Monitor-
ing Programme and in the overall management of demonstration
activities. The tour of their facilities highlighted capabilities in Thefortress in C
environmental modeling of bays, Geographic Information Sys-
tems, inter-laboratory comparison and training in laboratory tech-
niques, including analysis of sediments.

The Demo Project's Public Education activities will be "
located at the fortress in Castillo. Its main focus will be children,
in recognition of the fact that they can influence the adults! .


astillo, at the mouth ofthe Cienfuegos


; U

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

A Community in Dominica Learns How to
Monitor its Watershed

"Last month I found myself on Dominica's west coast at the spot
where the Colihaut River meets the Caribbean Sea, watching sadly as a
woman walked to the edge of the river and tossed a black plastic bag of
trash right in. This simple, oblivious act underscored the importance of the
work that community members and local partners are trying very hard to
advance in Dominica.

With the support of GEF-IWCAM, the Dominica Youth Environ-
ment Organization (DYEO), the Ministry of Agriculture, fisheries and for-
estry (MAFF), and the Dominica Water and Sewerage Company
(DOWASCO), students, teachers, and community members from all over
Dominica came together for two days on February 29 and March 1 for
training on monitoring the health of their watershed, from its uppermost
reaches down to the coastline. They observed examples of land degrada-
1101i anld btesl agrcluillural praclilces ,erf.:rille leSIS ,:n waier qu alirv an31
Obse rve'3 iinp:r.aill C,:oaslal characlerislcs an.j3 il3ic-al:rs

The gr.:i F Iupl h Ihen l i I: t'ra sills:rii n 3at": l e;nvir:,nienll1ial pro-:
1ecIS Ihal Ihev couLiId j inl Iheir :own c:1,l1111 ILIes These 1iiii hl inllide Iree
plailaing aciviless river lanI-Lius anij r.itilic awareness mLaiagn

Than[ s lo Ihe ieiica n Ihis grour Ia.[ hs ru Iraiiies I all h,:,peiul
Ihal ,e:I le will IhiIl Iwice b re lhr:winlg Irash nill:i n art-v rivers such as
lhe C,:lihaLl t lcaise Ihev are mi1 ,re aware :. Ihe lleg.alIve llpaCIS which
Such praclih es have o:l Ihe health alj IIve;lih,:,:,i I:he Ih very c:,ln111eIIIIi; ; ill
which Ihev IIv
Sasha Belh Golllieb, Technical Coordinalor, GEF-IWCAM PCU

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IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Contmuedfrom page 1)

Laboratory Strengthening Activities:
1. Taking into consideration IWCAM-related environmental
quality monitoring needs, assessment is already taking
place in PCs, to identify the existing capacity for environ-
mental surveillance in existing laboratories (environmental;
public health; and agricultural).

2. Based upon the site and country assessment surveys, as-
sessment of the capability and capacity of CEHI's laboratory
and other relevant regional laboratories to support national
laboratories in meeting environmental quality monitoring

3. Preparation of an implementation plan for addressing any
identified weaknesses, including recommendations for
strengthening the capacity of national laboratories to support
the monitoring needs of countries; in terms of equipment and
materials, training in their use, repair and servicing of exist-
ing equipment, and, where necessary, improvements to
laboratory infrastructure.

4. Design and delivery of a regional training of trainers course
in designing simple environmental monitoring systems, sam-
ple collection, laboratory testing, interpretation and presenta-
tion of results.

5. Training courses in the 13 Participating Countries to address
the needs identified.

6. Development of the capacity of regional laboratories to act
as reference laboratories for country laboratories.

7. Provision of assistance in the development of national Envi-
ronmental Surveillance Programs.

8. Creation of a regional network of laboratories in order to
facilitate information exchange; through the hosting of a
meeting of stakeholders, the development of mechanisms to
strengthen linkages with LBS Regional Activity Centres
(RACS) and members of the Regional Activity Network
(RAN), and the development of procedures and protocols for
the sharing of technical information.

9. Creation of a regional information hub, following agreed-upon
procedures and protocols for cooperation and sharing of infor-
mation and expertise (i.e. a database of environmental quality
monitoring information) in order to collate, process and dis-
seminate environmental surveillance and performance informa-
tion and data.

10. Development and distribution of public awareness materials as
part of a regional public awareness programme on available
services and resources amongst stakeholders at the regional
and national levels.

Over the next few months the assessment will be conducted in all 13 PCs
by the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI), one of the co-
executers of the GEF-IWCAM Project which is responsible for this activity.

Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Projects and others are invited to submit articles. Please contact
Donna Spencer at dspencer@cehi.org.lc

Contact Information:
IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.lc


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