Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00007
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: December 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098815
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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cl Caribbean WaterWays

SGrF Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project
EGEF Voume 1, Issue 4 December 2007

EHII Volume1, Issue 4 December 2007
COMl A .. 1

In this issue:
* Feature: Protect-
ing Watershed
Services and De-
veloping Manage-
ment Incentives in
the Fond D'or
Watershed Area of
St. Lucia (pgs.

* Background on the
IWCAM Project
(pg. 2)

* Fond D'or Water-
shed Activities
(pg. 4)
* Legislation, Policy
and Institutional
Structures in sup-
port of IWCAM-
shop participants
weigh in on
"toolkit" being
developed (pg. 5)

* World Water Moni-
toring Day and
Public Awareness
Project launched
by BRT and the
bago Demonstra-
tion Project (pg. 6)

* IWRM IWG at the
16th Annual
CWWA Conference
(pg. 7)
* Compensation for
Services (pg. 8)

Steering Commit-
tee Meeting (pg. 8)

The Fond

Watersheds of St. Lucia


Feature Article:
Protecting Watershed Services and
Developing Management Incentives in
the Fond D'or Watershed Area of St.
The Fond D'or watershed, Saint Lucia's GEF-
IWCAM Demonstration Project site, is considered an ideal
location to develop and test compensation for environmental
services (CES), a creative and novel approach to integrated
watershed and coastal areas management. The project is
being executed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and
Forestry (MAFF), through both a Project Steering Commit-
tee (PSC) for oversight and a Project Management Unit
(PMU) which oversees day-to-day implementation within the
Project's geographical area. The PMU is also guided by the
Fond D'or Watershed Management Committee (WMC) es-
tablished by the GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Project (see

St. Lucia is currently reforming its approach to water
resource management in response to deficiencies which
have plagued the sector for years and limited the potential
for development in other key sectors, including agriculture
and tourism. The island has taken steps to address the
varied challenges necessary to develop effective manage-
ment approaches to watersheds using innovative tech-
niques. A national water policy, an agricultural policy and
strategic plan, and a coastal zone management policy have
all been developed recently and a national land use policy is
in the final stages of preparation. The concept of CES is the
most recent consideration.

Although not traditionally considered within St. Lucia's
watershed management approach, incentives are now being
evaluated for water conservation and the development of a
mechanism to sustain environmental services. The island
also recognizes the potential for market-based approaches
which could provide effective and efficient management of
watersheds, water resources, and conservation of associ-
(Contmued on page 2)

FondD'or Watershed orange

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter


The Integrating Watershed and CoastalAreas Management in Caribbean Small
Island Development States (IWCAM) Project with a value of USD 112 million,
was approved by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in May 2004. Imple-
menting agencies are the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and
the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Executing agencies are
the Secretariat of the Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU) and the Carib-
bean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office of Project Ser-
vices (UNOPS). The thirteen, :.. SIDS are:Antigua and Barbuda, The
Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic Haiti
Jamaica, Saint Kitts andNevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent andthe Grenadines,
and Trinidad and Tobago. The length of the Project is years and commenced in
the second quarter of 2005. The Project Coordinating Unit is located at the CEHI,
as agreed by the Implementing and ExecutingAgencies and the, :.

Fond D'or Demonstration Project General Ob-

To develop a model approach to partici-
patory watershed management which
will capture the input and support of all
stakeholders, particularly local communi-
ties, within a specific watershed com-

To capture requirements for integration
with other national policies, legislation
and resource management strategies;

To demonstrate the use of incentives
and transferred benefits within a water-
shed management structure;

To achieve reduction in wastage and
water loss;

To encourage better conservation and
more long-term sustainable use of natu-
ral resources.


(Contmuedfrom page 1)
ated biodiversity and ecosystems throughout the water-
shed/coastal complex.

The Fond D'or Watershed

The Fond D'or Watershed is the second largest watershed
in St. Lucia. It is 10,230 acres in area, most of which is
hilly. Government Forest Reserves makes up 23% of the
watershed. Although the reserves are located within the
upper watershed area, they are linearly configured and are
not significant in terms of their impact on water supply; in
fact only one of the four water intakes used to supply pipe
borne water to residents of local communities has its drain-
age basin completely protected within the forest reserve.
The other intakes are fed mainly from privately owned
lands which are either subjected to, or threatened by, in-
tensive agricultural and urban activities. The middle and
lower watershed areas are commonly used for intensive
cultivation and livestock production.

A water scarce area

Managing delivery of water services to the populace of the
Fond D'or watershed has been a major challenge for many
years. Current supply, as reported by the local water sup-
ply operator, indicates a chronic 59% daily water supply
deficit currently experienced by all or most of the water-
shed's 15 settlements.

The main factors contributing to this situation are:

1. many years of inappropriate land management prac-
tices including extensive deforestation;
2. significant losses/wastage of available water at the
intake and delivery network due to ageing infrastruc-
ture, inadequate management capacity, and low capi-
tal investments; and
3. climatic predisposition of the area as a subtropical life

All three factors t ,.. J -
have cumula- -- -
tively interacted
to create what
is now a water
scarce Vwalr-

Quar-1, YrIlfflirn the Yralerrhed torea<

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 2)
Inappropriate land management practices

These take place on the mainly privately owned
lands in this hilly area which is characterized by unstable
soil and inadequate or unsustainable social and economic
support systems. These combined factors have resulted in
many environmentally degrading practices which contrib-
ute significantly to turbidity, agrochemical, and livestock
effluent contamination of stream water. These include
unregulated changes in land use, inappropriate land cover,
poor land and soil management practices, poor waste
management, and the use of waterways as disposal points
for agricultural and other waste.

A recent stream water survey by the Caribbean
Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) in its "Certificate of
Analysis", clearly stated the magnitude of the problem by
observing that, "The microbiological results show that
these areas suffer
from borderline to
extremely high levels
of faecal contamina-
tion, ...In any case,
even areas with rela-
tively low counts were
unacceptable for di-
I pit. ,,ithin the ,,'atershed._ rect contact recrea-
tional activities"

A participatory approach

A participatory approach to integrated watershed
management is a critical aspect of the demonstration pro-
ject, as shown by activities currently underway and
planned for the future. The Fond D'or Watershed Man-
agement Committee is effectively the core of the partici-
patory watershed management mechanism. It is made up
of community members, government representatives, the
water utility, and other key stakeholders.

The group focuses on activities related to
changes in land management and water quality. They rep-
resent those who stand to lose or gain from the project and
whose actions can adversely affect the ability of the project
to meet its objectives. The WMC forum considers and ap-
proves all plans and proposals developed by the project.
All consultants hired by the project must make presenta-
tions to the WMC for their input with respect to environ-

mental and natural resource issues, and, for their recom-

F -ii7 rs 11 t nhctli s a h L III i'ir I II s 1'ii i. t iiiiillIian-
I, ,tgeollell t / 1o0en t ,

mendations with regard to improved management of water
resources. It is expected that this forum will be sustainable
and continue to function well beyond the life of the project.

So far members of this committee have partnered
with the PMU in a number of activities, including the map-
ping of point sources of pollution, water quality monitoring,
to plan educational field trips for students, and delivering
lectures to a Parent Teacher's Association and primary

Secondary school
students learn about
water quality testing

(Continued on page 4)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Similar to other GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Projects, the
Fond D'or Project seeks to develop an integrated water-
shed management plan, complete with:
* long-term watershed monitoring;
* awareness and education;
* capacity building;
* land use plans;
* a drainage improvement plan;
* flood mitigation; and
soil and water conservation.

What distinguishes the Fond D'or Demonstra-
tion Project from the other GEF-IWCAM Demonstration
Projects is the fact that it also seeks to compensate
individuals and groups for providing environmental
services through a sustainable funding mechanism.

It is the development and evaluation of this
mechanism that gets to the heart of the project itself and
will include the development of tools and mechanisms to
compensate for the conservation of the ecosystem and
provision of environmental services, identification of finan-
cial requirements to sustain watershed management
works, identification of all possible sources of funding, and
an appropriate financial management regime.

More information on the Saint Lucia Demonstration
Project can be found at the GEF-IWCAM website
(www.iwcam.orq) and by contacting the project man-
ager, Mr. Cornelius Isaac (cornel isaac@yahoo.com).

Cornelius Isaac, Pr'j'er

SL 1 I-L-<# hL Alabouya Valley

Fond D'or Watershed Activities

Since its inception in mid-2007 the St. Luca Demo
Project has established the PMU, held meetings, developed
its work plan and a suite of indicators. In addition it has be-
gun co-operation with the Forestry Department and the Ba-
nana Fair Trade Organisation, and held community meetings.
In 2008 a wide range of activities are planned, including:

1) A communications, public education and awareness strat-
egy and campaign in the areas of sustainable natural resource
and environmental management. This aims to guide the building
of public awareness related to the project; help secure the commit-
ment of stakeholders to the project aims; influence specific policies
or policymakers with regard to key aspects of the project; and
encourage input and participation by stakeholders, through the use
of planned, positive and targeted communication.

2) Development of a map of current land use and land use
proposals for the Fond D'or watershed to provide a blueprint
which can assist in guiding community participation in natural re-
source management and also help guide the identification of new
opportunities for sustainable economic development.

3) A Training Needs Assessment and Capacity Building Plan
for Members of the Fond D'or Watershed Management Com-
mittee to develop an appropriate human resource training plan
geared towards achieving project objectives. The project will as-
sess skills and competence of the committee members as well as
technical support staff.

4) A Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) Demonstration System
which will promote a simple and low-cost water supply technology
which can provide water of an acceptable quality. This would com-
plement the current water scheme and ensure the reliability of
water supply within the Fond D'or watershed, particularly during
the dry season and periods of induced and natural drought. This
activity would include needs assessments; training of contractors;
construction of 20 RWH units at homes, schools, community cen-
tres, health centres, sporting facilities, etc; community awareness
exercises; and an evaluation of the economic and other major
impacts on demonstration households

5) A study on compensation for environment services to im-
prove sustainable land management, exploring national options
and opportunities for the establishment of a sustainable system to
compensate natural resource users for the environmental services
their management practices provide to society/community, using
the Fond D'or Watershed as a demonstration and case study site.
The study would conclude in an analysis and recommended op-
tions for implementing a sustainable funding mechanism in support
of CES and recommendations on the most appropriate Plan of
Action, including institutional arrangements and modalities to es-
tablish a functional CES program.



IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Legislation, Policy and Institu-
tional Structures in Support of
GEF-IWCAM Workshop partici-
pants weigh in on "toolkit" being

Adequate and appropriate legislation, policy and institu-
tional structures are essential to mainstreaming the inte-
grated watershed and coastal areas management
(IWCAM) approach. As such, the GEF-IWCAM project is
committed to providing technical support to its participat-
ing countries in this area.

Sa. \l h., ILe'ci'fl CoUordiiitlor. (

This year, the project has focused on a review of relevant
and existing legislation, policy and institutional structures
and the development of a "toolkit"/ guidance document. A
group of technical and legal experts from all GEF-IWCAM
participating countries met 27 28 November 2007 in
Nassau, Bahamas for a two-day workshop.

The workshop helped to familiarize legal officers with the
IWCAM approach and technical officers with legal, policy,
and institutional tools available to better mainstream IW-
CAM. Participants also took the time to review a toolkit /
guidance document prepared by consultants
(Environmental Advisors, Inc.) and provide concrete sug-
gestions for improvements and the most appropriate way
to implement the guidelines / toolkit.

The structure and composition of the workshop itself was
based on suggestions from the GEF-IWCAM Regional
Technical Advisory Group (RTAG), when it last met in July
of 2007. At that time, the RTAG highlighted the need for
action in these areas, but also acknowledged that such
interventions would be more effective if Attorney Generals
Offices / National Legal Counsels were involved from the
beginning. The input and participation of the legal officers
at the workshop was a welcome addition and their contri-
butions should serve to improve the toolkit, guide the GEF-

IWCAM project in terms of its interventions in this area,
and promote the objective of IWCAM mainstreaming.

The issue of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs)
as a tool for achieving IWCAM generated much discussion
over the two days. Participants highlighted the importance
of MEAs and, in general, promoted accession to these as a
way of catalyzing action in similar areas such as IWCAM.
There was also recognition of some of the challenges
faced by countries that accede to various MEAs, including
limited finances, human resources, etc. needed to achieve
the targets and fulfil reporting requirements.

Workshop participants also raised the vital importance of
public awareness and education at all levels, from Prime
Ministers to community groups and schools. They felt that
policies and legislation related to IWCAM would be
adopted more readily and enforced more effectively if all
segments of society were fully aware of the benefits of
adopting this approach and the dangers of continuing with
the status quo, for society, the environment and the econ-

The report of this workshop is being prepared and
will be posted on the GEF-IWCAM website shortly.
Sasha Gottlieb, Technical Coordinator, may be con-
tacted at sgottlieb@cehi.org.lc for additional infor-


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

World Water Monitoring Day and
Public Awareness Project launched
by Buccoo Reef Trust and the GEF-
IWCAM Tobago Demonstration Pro-

On 7 November 2007, at Goodwood High School in Tobago, the
Buccoo Reef Trust (BRT) and the Global Environment Facility -
funded Integrating Watershed and Coastal Areas Management
(GEF-IWCAM) Tobago Demonstration Project presented secon-
dary schools in Tobago with water monitoring test kits as part of
a World Water Monitoring Day and Public Awareness Project.

World Water Monitoring Day is a worldwide activity celebrated in
October and designed to increase awareness of the importance
of monitoring water quality in waterways while encouraging the
participation of the public. Internationally, it is coordinated by the
International Water Association and the Water Environment

Approximately one hundred and fifty enthusiastic science stu-
dents and their teachers from all of Tobago's secondary schools
participated in the launch. The Water and Sewerage Authority of
Trinidad and Tobago (WASA), the Division of Education, Youth
Affairs and Sport, and the Department of Natural Resources and
the Environment (DNRE) of the Tobago House of Assembly
(THA) also supported the venture.

Secretary for Education, Youth Affairs and Sport in the Tobago

volvement in monitoring water quality and the need for them to
become more aware of their environment, since they are today

( ^ *wink^^i

A cross-section ofthe audience

and tomorrow's users, decision makers and advocates. She also
reminded them that poor water quality has a negative impact
upon human health and biodiversity.

Remarks were also made by Andrew Daniel, Quality Control
Manager, WASA; and Michelle Stanislaus, Environmental Officer
II, DNRE, THA. Ms. Sandra Timothy, GEF-IWCAM Project Man-
ager presented an overview of the project. The programme was
chaired by Mr. Gerald McFarlane, Director, BRT.

After the official ceremony Mrs. Stanislaus and Mr. Daniel lead
the students in a one-on-one break-out session about the envi-
ronment and the role of watersheds and waterways in their daily
lives. This was followed by a demonstration on the use of the
test kits. The parameters measured were pH, dissolved oxygen,
turbidity and temperature.

The data collected from these assessments will become part of
the World Water Monitoring database, as well as a key compo-
nent of the BRT/ GEF-IWCAM overall land-base database. The
information gleaned will provide a snapshot of freshwater quality
which can be illustrated on Geographic Information Systems
(GIS) maps. The data will also be useful to students for school-
based assessment projects. While the WWM exercise has in-
creased awareness and given students some practical experi-
ence, the data gathered will provide valuable information that
can be used for decision making regarding watershed manage-

Mrs. Groome-Duke presents a student with a water
quality testing kit

House of Assembly, the Honorable Mrs. Claudia Groome-Duke,
affirmed her support for the programme when she agreed to be
the keynote speaker. She stressed the importance of youth in-


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

IWRM Informal Working Group at the 16th CWWA Annual Conference
Saint Kitts and Nevis, October 3, 2007

The IWRM Informal Working Group (IWG), established with support from GEF-
IWCAM and convened by GEF-IWCAM, met for the second time during the 16th
Annual Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA) Conference in Saint
Kitts and Nevis on Wednesday, October 3rd. Among subjects discussed were:

Some relevant IWRM Activities underway in the region, including:

* A Masters level programme in Integrated Water Resources Management
(IWRM) being developed by The University of the West Indies' Centre for Resource I- ,r"l
Management and Environmental Studies (UWI-CERMES). .s

* Collaboration amongst GEF-IWCAM, the United Nations Environment Pro-
gramme's Collaborating Centre on Water and Environment (UNEP-UCC), the Carib-
bean WaterNet, the Global Water Partnership Caribbean (GWP-C), the National High Level
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States Department of Com- Water Session
merce (NOAA), the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI), and others,
on IWRM workshops in Dominica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada.

* Caribbean WaterNet and CEHI collaboration on a capacity needs assessment
for IWRM in the Caribbean, in which barriers and constraints to training as well as Conference
short and medium-term training needs were identified. An inventory of training mate- Plenary
rials in the area of water and sanitation for the Caribbean is also being planned.

Ideas for future collaboration included:

Development of an inventory of training materials for sanitation, water supply
and water resource management for the region.

A database of technical expertise in the region.

eIWG mes The certification process for water and wastewater technicians.
IWG meets
Linkages between the National Programmes for Action (NPA) for the Protec-
tion of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities and IWRMs since
the processes to develop these are very similar. The Global Programme of
S IAction (GPA) no longer focuses simply upon delivery of a single plan but
rather a process, highlighting sustainability, strategic planning and financing
It was suggested that the IWG convene in June 2008 at the next Caribbean Envi-
ronmental Forum and possibly at the next CWWA Annual Conference in Fall
2008. While the option of formalizing the IWG was discussed, the decision was
made to remain as an informal grouping, but provide information and guidance as
needed to more official bodies, such as the Water High Level Sessions that are
traditionally convened at the CWWA. CEHI, in collaboration with partners is look-
ing at the preparation of a white paper or documentation of the issues that the
high level session may want to bring forward to COHSOD or others. Possibilities
for synergies regarding IWRM inception workshops in Haiti and Dominica exist.


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Compensation for Environmental Services

Sustainable natural resource management is increasingly focusing on the ser-
vices provided by ecosystems, their value, and the growing willingness of stake-
holders to compensate natural resources stewards for such services

Compensation for Environmental Services, also referred to as Compensation for
Ecosystems Services (CES) when incorporated into broader development strate-
gies geared towards expanding the whole basket of assets (natural, social-
political, human, physical, and financial in the hands of the poor communities)
can significantly contribute to improving the livelihoods of the rural poor and
advancing environmental goals

CES should therefore not be pursued in an isolated fashion or be seen as an end
in itself, but should be integrated into broader sustainable development frame-

In the context of the GEF-IWCAM Project CES mechanisms could be used or
adopted for, for instance watershed protection, land degradation, biodiversity
protection and to preserve scenic beauty
Ref The Global Mechanism,
United Nations Convention to
Combat Desertification
http //www global-mechanism orq/about-us/strateqicprogrammes/ces

See also Environment and Natural Resource Management, Compensation for
Ecosystems Services, IDRC
http //www idrc ca/rpe/ev-100852-201-1-DO TOPIC html

2nd GEF-IWCAM Project Steering

Committee Meeting

The second official meeting of the GEF-IWCAM Project Steering
Committee (PSC) was held in Frigate Bay, Saint Kitts and Nevis on
October 1, 2007 and was attended by delegates from all thirteen
participating countries as well as the implementing and executing
agencies. The delegates were briefed on activities that had taken
place since the previous PSC (June 2006) and the recommenda-
tions of the Regional
Technical Advisory
Committee. They
also reviewed and
approved the draft
budget and work
plan for 2008, mak-
ing suggestions and
revisions as needed.
The PSC meeting
report can be found
at the GEF-IWCAM
website at:

http://www.iwca m.ora/information/aef-iwca m-proiect-steerina-

f&aoure Crfd rw amifa 467 &

YVO t4 OYr-_11w# r~ln


Contact Information:
IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.lc


Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Pro-
jects and others are invited to submit articles. Please con-
tact Donna Spencer at dspencer@cehi.org.lc

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