Title: Florida Entomologist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098813/00310
 Material Information
Title: Florida Entomologist
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Florida Entomological Society
Publisher: Florida Entomological Society
Place of Publication: Winter Haven, Fla.
Publication Date: 1928
Copyright Date: 1917
Subject: Florida Entomological Society
Entomology -- Periodicals
Insects -- Florida
Insects -- Florida -- Periodicals
Insects -- Periodicals
General Note: Eigenfactor: Florida Entomologist: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1653/024.092.0401
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098813
Volume ID: VID00310
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Open Access

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Florida Entomologist
Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society

APRIL, 1928

(Rhus radicans L.)
Carolinaia rhois sp. n.

This species seems to be most closely related to Carolinaia
caricis Wilson, and Carolinaia cyperi Ainslie, but there are

characters of structure and c(


Winged Female of
Carolinaia rhois sp. n
Explanation of Figures
All drawings made to same scale X.
A. Dorsal view of head.
B. Antenna.
C. Cornicle, dorsal view.

olor which will readily separate
the species. The antennae and
and cornicles are dark brown to
black, while in C. caricis they
are dusky yellow. The sixth
antennal segment is about three-
fourths as long as the third and
is considerably less than half as
long as the spur while in C.
caricis the sixth segment is
about half as long as the third
and slightly shorter than the
spur. This species can be sepa-
rated from C. cyperi by the fol-
lowing characters: the sixth an-
tennal segment is as long as or
longer than the fourth while in
C. cyperi the sixth is shorter
than the fourth. The third an-
tennal segment bears six to ten

sensoria which vary greatly in size and which are arranged in
an irregular row along the segment; in C. cyperi the third seg-
ment has five to seven large sensoria which vary little in size
and which are arranged in a more even row.

153kC1% 3



General color very dark green to black. Length of body including the
cauda 1.32 m.m. to 1.55 m.m., width of thorax .638 m.m. to .723 m.m. Head
normal, about twice as wide as long, without prominent antennal tubercles;
eyes rather large, black, with prominent ocular tubercles; head black.
Antennae black slightly shorter than the body, six-segmented. Segment
III about two thirds as long as spur of VI, rather uneven in diameter with
six to ten circular sensoria varying greatly in size and irregularly spaced
along the segment in an uneven row. Segments four, five and six base
about equal in length, each being about three-fourths as long as segment
three. The fourth segment without sensoria, the usual primary sensoria
on segments five and six. Segments three to six are very strongly imbri-
cated. Total lengths of the antennae and of the segments in m.m. are as
follows: total 1.21 to 1.39; I, .064 to .085; II, .064 in all specimens studied;
III, .234 to .255; IV, .148 to .170; V, .146 to .172; VI base, .150 to .168;
spur, .383 to .466. Rostrum dusky, rather short, scarcely reaching second
coxae. Thorax black, with well developed lobes; prothorax with very
small lateral tubercles. Wings hyaline with a greenish-yellow cast, rather
large, with normal venation in the fore wings, hind wings with but a single
cross vein; veins distinct, greenish yellow in color, stigma dusky. Length
of fore wing, 2.34 m.m. to 2.51 m.m. Legs normal, light brown in color
except the distal parts of the femora and tibiae Which are black, with
black tarsi. Abdomen rather broadly oval, very dark green in color.
Cornicles dark brown, medium in length, slightly swollen beyond the mid-
dle, with a rather marked constriction before the apex, strongly imbricated
thruout their length. Length .234 m.m. to .255 m.m. Cauda rather
broadly conical, about half as long as the cornicles; concolorous with the
abdomen, with a few short, fine, much curved hairs. Anal plate almost
triangular in shape with many fine slightly curved hairs.
Host Plant. Taken on the under side of tender leaves of
Poison Ivy (Rhus radicans L.).
Locality.-Taken near Old Man's Cave, Hocking County, Ohio,
May 31, 1924 by the author.
No apterous forms were found, the colony consisting entirely
of winged females and pupae. Described from seven alate vivi-
parous females. Color notes made from living specimens,
measurements from specimens mounted in balsam. Cotypes in
the author's collection.
This aphid is very interesting from the standpoint of its food
plant. Of the three previously described species of this Genus
one was taken on a sedge Carex sp., another on Nut Grass
(Cyperus esculentus) and the third on a moss Polytrichum com-
mune the present species is thus the first taken on one of the
higher broad-leaved plants.


By CARL J. DRAKE, Ames, Iowa

Corythucha nicholi, n. sp.
Pale tastaceous, the nervures on dorsal portion of hood and tumid ele-
vations of elytra, a small spot on each paranota and median carina, two
rows of nervures near base and some nervures near apex of elytra fuscous.
Pronotum pale brown, becoming lighter on triangular portion, finely punc-
tate, tricarinate; lateral carinae strongly raised anteriorly, not extending
to the hood, each composed of three or four areolae; median carinae strong-
ly raised, a little shorter than hood and more than one half as high, com-
posed of one entire row of large areolae and a few extra areolae at its
highest part. Rostral laminae testaceous, the rostrum extending a little
beyond the middle of the mesosternum. Antennae slender, testaceous,
clothed with bristly hairs. Elytra with the fuscous markings more or
less prominent, the outer margin with short, sharp, black-tipped spines
along the basal two-thirds. Body beneath black. Legs testaceous, the
tips of tarsi fuscous. Wings developed.
Length, 3.53 mm.; width, 1.76 mm.
Holotype, male, and allotype, female, Santa Rita Mts., Ariz.,
June 20, 1926, collected by A. A. Nichol, in Drake collection.
Paratypes, several specimens, collected with type, and also from
Huachuca Mts., Ariz., July 17, 1905, by H. G. Barber, in the col-
lections of Iowa State College, H. G. Barber, A. A. Nichol, and
the writer. This species has been confused in collection with
C. arcuata Say, but differs in having a larger and more strongly
inflated hood and the larger and more globose tumid elevations
on the elytra. In some specimens the general color is somewhat
similar to C. pallida 0. & D.

Melanorhopala balli, n. sp.
Color and general appearance similar to M. clavata Stal, but distinguish-
able by its much smaller size and shorter legs and antennae. Length,
3.23 mm.; width, 1.17 mm.
Antennae darker and stouter than in M. clavata Stal, the third seg-
ment slightly curved and slightly enlarged towards tip. Proportional
lengths of antennae of female-(M. ball) 1=17, II=14, II1=104, IV=13;
(M. clavata) I=30, II=16, 111=160, IV=30. Legs short, about two-thirds
as long as in M. clavata. Median spine on head greatly reduced. Discoidal
area about three-fifths as long as in M. clavata, bounded by a prominent
costate nervure.
Holotype, brachypterous female, Fort Collins, Colorado, July
28, 1899, E. D. Ball, in author's collection. In this species the
elytra are scarcely longer than the abdomen and jointly round-
ed behind as in typical brachypterous forms of the genus Hes-


perotingis Parshley. Pterygopolymorphisn and sexual dimor-
phism are marked characteristics of the genus Melanorhopala
Stal, especially in M. clavata Stal.

Hesperotingis floridana, n. sp.
Larger than H. antennata Parshley, the third antennal segment longer
and considerably more swollen distally. Head ferrugineous, with five
spines; median and posterior pair rather short, slender, contiguous with
the head; anterior pair short, stout, curved inwardly. Antenniferous
tubercles large, broad and prominent. Bucculae contiguous in front. Ros-
trum long, the apex concealed by "card point" behind intermediate coxae.
Antennae very stout, ferrugineous, the distal half blackish; segments I
short, slightly longer and stouter than two; III very long, strongly swollen
towards apex; IV short, subconical, distinctly narrower at its base than
the apex of the third.
Pronotum strongly swollen, shining, very coarsely pitted, ferrugineous,
the collum and margin of triangular process testaceous. Paranota nar-
row, contiguous with sides of pronotum, uniseriate. Lateral carinae
uniseriate, subparallel, a little more raised behind than in front, each
composed of single row of very small areolae; median carina also more
elevated behind, less elevated in front than lateral ones, areolate behind.
Elytra considerably longer than the abdomen, rounded behind, brown, the
nerves separating discoidal, sutural and subcostal areas, and some of the
nervelets ferrugineous, the areolae pale; costal area uniseriate, some of
the transverse nervures thickened and darkened; subcostal area almost
entirely biseriate, with two or three extra cells opposite apex of discoidal
area; discoidal area extending beyond middle of elytra, bounded by a'prom-
inent, strongly costate, irregular nervure, narrowed at apex, with four
rows of cells at its widest part, the areolae of discoidal and sutural areas
not arranged in very regular rows. Wings a little longer than the abdo-
men. Body beneath reddish brown. Legs reddish brown, moderately
long. Length, 4.23 mm.; width 1.32 mm.
Holotype, macropterous female, East Florida, collected by
Ashmead, in U. S. National museum. This species is very dis-
tinct from any of its congeners and is probably closely allied to
H. antennata Parshley.

Hesperotingis mississippiensis, n. sp.
Brown, the antennae, lateral carinae and costate nervures separating
discordal, subcostal and sutural areas brownish black. Length, 3.19 mm.;
width, 1.13 mm.
Antennae moderately long and stout, dark brown, becoming blackish
towards apex, densely clothed with short, recurved hairs; proportional
length-I=13, II=18, 111=95, IV=22. Rostral channel testaceous, deep,
widening posteriorly, open behind, the rostrum extend onto the first venter.
Bucculae dark brown, broad, contiguous in front, Orifice very large and
prominent. Legs dark brown. Head, spines and antenniferous tubercles
dark; anterior pair of spines stout, conical, strongly turned inwardly.


Pronotum coarsely pitted, areolate and testaceous behind; paranota
uniseriate, almost contiguous with the dorsal surface of pronotum; collum
distinct, slightly elevated in front of median carina; carinae terminating
anteriorly, at the calli, subparallel. Elytra a little longer than abdomen
brachypterouss form), rounded behind, areolae slightly confused, opaque
or subopaque; costal area uniseriate, a few of the transverse nervures
thicker and blackish, subcostal area mostly biseriate, with a few extra
areolae near apex of discoidal area; discoidal area bounded by a promi-
nent dark nerve, widest near middle, there quadriseriate, somewhat nar-
rowed at both apex and base, extending beyond middle of elytra. Wings
greatly reduced. Claspers strongly curved in male.

Holotype, brachypterous male, Charleston, Miss., Sept. 10,
1925, collected by H. M. Harris, in author's collection. This
species seems to belong to the genus Hesperotingis, the antennae
are practically straight; the elytra are formed as in brachypter-
ous form of this genus. It is most closely allied to H. duryi
Drake from Texas, but the reticulations are much more regu-
larly arranged and the antennae are quite different.


Nov. 4-The Society met in Science Hall. Prof. Gray spoke
of his summer vacation visit to Germany and its educational
institutions. His talk was illustrated by several pictures of vari-
ous laboratories and some of the publications which the Ger-
mans use in the distribution of information among the farmers.
Dec. 2-The Society met at 4 P. M. in the rooms of the De-
partment of Entomology of the College of Agriculture. The fol-
lowing men were elected to membership: Prof. C. F. Byers of
the Department of Biology, R. A. Knight of the State Plant
Board, Mr. Ralph Dickey, Assistant in Entomology in the Col-
lege of Agriculture, Mr. Monte Moore, graduate student in Ento-
mology, College of Agriculture, Mr. Jack Creighton and R. M.
Jones, students in the same department and R. E. Enlow of the
Experiment Station. Prof. C. F. Byers gave the paper of the
evening on "The Taxonomic Tendencies Occurring in Odonata
H. E. BRATLEY, Sec'y.

Official Organ of The Florida Entomological Society, Gainesville,

J. R. WATSON ----... -----.. --.. --........ ...... .----------...............-Editor
WILMON NEWELL............-...-......-........ ..........-.......Associate Editor
A. N. TISSOT ...-.._--.............. ..-----------------Business Manager
Issued once every three months. Free to all members of the
Subscription price to non-members is $1.00 per year in ad-
vance; 35 cents per copy.

The citrus aphid, Aphis spiraecola Patch, is again very scarce
this spring. At present writing its numbers are so few that
it does not seem at all probable that it can increase with suffi-
cient rapidity to do any appreciable amount of harm.
The reason for the comparative scarcity of aphis this year is
due chiefly to the character of the weather during the winter.
Because of the extreme drought of the fall and early winter,
there was very little new growth suitable for the aphids, conse-
quently very few aphids; then the freezes of January, by cut-
ting off what little new growth there was, dealt them another
very hard blow.
Mr. Thompson who is in charge of the citrus aphid work at
the Citrus Substation at Lake Alfred has observed that even
the few aphids that did go thru the winter are not increasing
in numbers as rapidly as during the same season of previous
years. His breeding cages show as many young per female
being produced as is usual during this season of the year. But
a comparison of the number of predaceous enemies of the aphids
as compared with their number a year ago shows the reason
for the slow multiplication of aphids. In connection with the
aphid work at Lake Alfred, a weekly record is kept of the pro-
portion of predators to aphids. The comparison of this year's
record with last year's shows the predators are three times as
abundant this year as they were last.
These predators are chiefly ladybeetles and the larvae of
syrphus flies. The most abundant species of ladybeetles in


aphid colonies is the Blood-red Ladybeetle which eats an aver-
age of 90 aphids per day. The young of this beetle eat from 40
to 70 per day according to age. As this ladybeetle has a gen-
eration every month, the possibilities for rapid multiplication
are great. Syrphus flies on the other hand eat aphids only in
the larval stage; but for their size they are very voracious. One
of them was found to eat 513 aphids during her larval life of ten
days. In spite, however, of the voracious appetites of these
predators and their rapid multiplication (short life history),
they are not able to stop an infestation of aphids when the con-
dition of the foliage, as in the early spring, is favorable. But
our experience this year has shown their great value in holding
down the aphids and preventing an infestation when conditions
are not especially favorable for aphids.

By C. J. DRAKE and HALBERT M. HARRIS, Ames, Iowa
Trepobates comitialis n. sp.
Similar to T. inermis Esaki in form but slightly larger and more
robust. Color markings somewhat variable.
Apterous male: Antennae dark brown,, segment I distinctly curved,
its basal half yellowish; proportion of segments, 62:34:37:43. Rostrum
reaching distinctly beyond anterior coxae, yellowish, a triangular spot at
the base and the distal half piceous. Pronotum depressed. on the disc, a
broad median stripe and two broad lateral stripes (connected along an-
terior margin) black. Mesonotum with the prominent yellowish markings
somewhat variable, the posterior margin faintly emarginate. Anterior
legs stout, the femora strongly curved and distinctly constricted before
the apex; dark brown, the basal portion, a ring at apex of femora, and
an apical band on tibia yellowish. Intermediate legs brown, the femora
with a stripe above and the entire undersurface yellowish. Posterior legs
dark brown, the femora tinged with yellowish toward the base. Abdomen
brown, its apical segment yellow. Connexivum with a small yellow spot
on each segment. Venter yellowish, the sides brown; last. segment slight-
ly emarginate and nearly as long as the preceding two. Length, 3.6 mm.;
width, 1.38 mm.
Apterous female: Longer and stouter than male; color markings
about as there, the yellowish markings more prominent. Antennal pro-
portion, 55:33:36:42. Anterior femora much slenderer than in male, in
greater part yellowish. Connexivum without long hairs, the apex not
produced outward. Length, 4 mm.; width, 1.18 mm.
Macropterous form (female): Pronotum long, rounded behind; black,
a short median stripe in front, a broad stripe on each side and the entire
posterior margin yellowish. Hemelytra broken off near base. Wings ex-
tending a little beyond the abdomen, smoky brown.


Holotype, male; allotype, female; and morphotype, winged
female, Grenada, West Indies, Aug. 31, 1891, H. E. Summers,
collector, in collection of Iowa State College. Paratypes, taken
with type, -in collections of Iowa State College and the authors.
Notes at hand state that the specimens were taken near the
mouth of the river on brackish water, about one mile north of
St. Georges', Leeward coast. This species and T. inermis Esaki,
specimens of which are at hand from Grenada (Summers' collec-
tion), were listed by Uhler (Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1894, XV, p.
213) as T. pictus Uhl. T. comitialis, n. sp. resembles T. inermis
Esaki but is slightly larger and more robust and the males lack
the longer hairs clothing the intermediate femora and tibiae.
Microvelia summers, n. sp.
Winged form: Very short, broad, robust, scarcely more than twice
as long as broad; clothed with short velvety pile; brown, a transverse spot
on front of pronotum yellowish; hemelytra pale brown, becoming paler
on basal half. Head short, broad, inserted in pronotum to eyes, the
median indented glabrous line distinct. Antennae brown, not reaching
beyond humeri of pronotum, segment I stout, slightly curved, enlarged
towards 'apex; II slenderer, thickest beyond the middle; III slenderest;
IV stout, thickest before the middle, tapering distally; the proportional
lengths of segments, I:II:III:IV-9:6:7:13. Eyes large and prominent.
Rostrum reaching'"beyond anterior coxae. Pronotum coarsely pitted,
subtruncate at the apex, the humeri prominent, the median length three-
fifths of the width thru humeri (34:55). Hemelytra slightly narrower
than abdomen, the veins not prominent. Body beneath dark. Legs short,
pale brown, the apices of tibae and tarsi lighter. Length, 1,43 mm.;
width, .61 mm.
Holotype, winged female, and allotype, winged male, Grenada, West
Indes, 1891, collected by H. E. Summers, in the Summers' collection at
Iowa State College. Paratypes, six females, taken with types, in collec-
tion of Iowa State College and the authors. The wingless form is un-
known. This unique little species is named in honor of Professor H. E.
Summers, formerly of Iowa State College, who was much interested in
aquatic Hemiptera and who made large collections in the United States
and West Indies. The very short and robust form and the antennal char-
acters serve to separate M. summers from its congeners. It is perhaps
most closely related to M. marginata Uhler, but is darker in color, and
much shorter.
Trepobates trepidus Drake and Harris
Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XLI, 1928, p. 27.
In the original description the authors erroneously state that
the rostrum extends beyond intermediate coxae, instead of an-
terior coxae. In all of the known species of the genus Trepo-,
baifes the rostrum but slightly surpasses the anterior coxae.


Dunedin, Florida
(Continued from page 62, Vol. XI)
This and the next five genera form the tribe Coprini dis-
tinguished by having the apical halves of middle and hind tibiae
gradually thickened, thus unfitting them for rolling balls of
dung, though some form balls which they bury on the spot. The
males usually have the head or thorax, or both, armed with a
horn or tubercle. In Choeridium the labial palpi are 3-jointed;
head and thorax unarmed; front coxae transverse, not promi-
nent. They are small, shining brown or bronzed Hister-like
10. (13057). C. histeroides (Web.).
Length 6-7 mm. Above bronzed and strongly shining; hind angles of tho-
rax more strongly rounded, their margin distinct, reflexed; punctures of
head, thorax and elytral striae very evident.
Enterprise (Dietz); South Jacksonville and Lakeland, May,
Sept. (Day.); Gainesville (Ag. & P. B. colls.). Not included in
Schwarz' list, or by Leng from Florida in his "Catalogue."
*11. (13058). C. lecontei Harold.
Length 5-6 mm. Dark brown, strongly shining; hind angles more broad-
ly rounded, their margin very narrow, scarcely reflexed; punctures of
head and thorax very faint; of elytral striae obsolete.
Evidently the common species throughout the State. Record-
ed by Schwarz from seven stations, including St. Augustine and
Key West. Gainesville, "occasionally at light in May" (Doz.).
Dunedin, March 29, in dry cow dung; at porch light, June 15,
July 15 and Sept. 20 (Bl.).
Genus IV. PINOTUS Erichson
Very large black species having the front of head parabolic;
clypeus of male with a blunt horn; thorax not transversely cari-
nate beneath; elytra each 7-striate.'
*12. (13059). P. carolinus (L.).
Length 20-28 mm.
Occurs sparingly throughout the State, usually taken at light.
Suwanee Springs (Sloss.); Lakeland and Punta Gorda, Novem-
ber (Dav.); Lake City and Gainesville (Ag. Coll.). Gainesville,
"Most abundant during June" (Doz.). Dunedin, scarce, at light
only, April (Bl.).


Genus V. COPRIS Geoffroy
Medium sized black species having the front of head semi-
circular, clypeus (except in No. 16) emarginate; thorax trans-
versely carinate each side beneath; elytra each with eight striae.;
front coxae short, prominent; front legs with tarsi, all tarsal
claws distinct.
13. (13061). C. gopheri Hubbard, 1894, 310.
Length 7.5-10 mm. Black, strongly shining; head and thorax minute-
ly, sparsely punctate; head of male with a short, stout median horn; ely-
tral intervals smooth.
Lives in the burrows of the "gopher turtle," or Florida land
tortoise, Xerobates polyphemus (Daudin). Described from
Crescent City. Lake Worth, Enterprise, Sanford, Lake Mary
and Clearwater (Sz. Ms). Known only from Florida.
*14. (13062). C. minutus (Drury).
Length 8-11 mm. Black, feebly shining; clypeus densely punctured at
sides, nearly smooth at middle; vertex of male with a short, slender horn.
Occurs in dry horse and cow dung throughout the year; also
at light or beneath logs and stones. Frequent in northern half
of the State, south to Lake Worth (Ham.) and Dunedin and
Sarasota (Bl.). Probably throughout the State; many records.
15. (13065). C. tullius Oliv.
Length 13-18 mm. Black, opaque; clypeus notched, densely punctate
throughout; elytral intervals closely, minutely punctate. Vertex of male
with an obtuse horn; of female with a tubercle. Crest of thorax with
three tubercles, the median one bifid.
Though Schwarz lists C. anaglypticus Say (a synonym of
tullius) as "common," and later (Ms.) includes it from St.
Augustine and Chulota, it is not recorded elsewhere except by
Dozier, who mentions one specimen as taken by Watson at
Gainesville. Probably most if not all of the Florida records be-
long to the next species.
*16. (13066). C. inemarginatus Blatch., 1918, 54; 1919, 31.
Length 11.5-15 mm. Black, feebly shining; clypeus shorter, less punc-
tate, more granulate than in tullius, its front margin entire; elytral in-
tervals wholly smooth. Vertex of both sexes with a short horn or tubercle;
thorax unarmed.
Dunedin, Jan. 20, two beneath dead turtle; a dozen others at
porch light, June and July. Gainesville (Schff.); LaGrange,
Sept. 10 and Lakeland, May 7 (Day.); Port Orange (Dury); En-
terprise (U. S. Nat. Mus.).


Genus VI. PHANZEUS MacLeay
Large or medium bronzed, green or bluish Coprinids, having
the basal joint of antennal club hollowed out to receive the
others; clypeus (in Florida species) entire; front tarsi of male
absent, tarsal claws wanting. Vertex of male usually with a long
horn; of female with a short tubercle.
17. (13071). P. difformis Lec.
Length 19-20 mm. Color variable, thorax green and elytra blue or tho-
rax cupreus and elytra green; thorax with hind angles broadly rounded,
side margins serrate in front of middle. Elytra in this and No. 18 coarsely
and densely rugose-punctate, intervals flat or costate.
Enterprise (C. & L.), Naples, in Slosson Coll., (Leng). A
Texan species, apparently very rare in Florida.
*18. (13072). P. carnifex (L.).
Length 14-22 mm. Color variable, usually with thorax cupreus and
elytra green or bluish; thorax densely, finely rugose, hind angles obtusb,
margins entire.
"Common" (Sz.); Lake City and Gainesville (Ag. and P. B.
Colls.); Enterprise (Dietz). Punta Gorda, Nov.; LaGrange,
June, Sept.; Parish, Oct. (Dav.). Ormond, Sarasota and Istok-
poga, Feb.-April (B1.). My Florida specimens are larger than
those from Indiana, with thorax green, not coppery and elytra
bluish-black. One blue-black Davis specimen from Punta Gorda,
and one from Chokoloskee mentioned by Schaeffer (Ms.) as a
"var.", are probably the same. Occurs mainly beneath human
*19. (13074). P. igneus MacL.
Length 16-20 mm. Thorax rugose, green or coppery; elytra green, the
intervals convex, finely and sparsely punctate. Thorax of males with an
obtuse tubercle near each humeral angle.
Common on horse and cow dung in northern half of State,
south to Dunedin and Sarasota.
*19a. (13074a). P. igneus nigrocyaneus MacL.
A bluish-black color variety occurring commonly with the
typical form.
Genus VII. ONTHOPHAGUS Latreille
Small black, bronzed-black or brownish species having the
labial palpi 2-jointed; front coxae large, conical, protuberant;
antennae 9-jointed; scutellum invisible; tarsal claws distinct.
In species 20-24 inclusive, the males and females, differ in the
armature of the vertex or thorax, or both.


20. (13077). 0. polyphemi Hubbard, 1894, 311.
Length 5.5-6.7 mm. Black, shining, antennae and legs piceous; elytral
intervals each with two rows of small punctures. Male with vertex and
thorax without horns, the latter suddenly declivous in front.
Originally described from Crescent City, where it was found
in numbers with Copris gopheri in the burrows of the gopher
turtle. Lake Worth (Ham.); Enterprise (C. & L.); Sanford and
Lake Mary (Sz. Ms.); LaGrange (Dav.); Funiak and Clear-
water (Fall). The range in the State is probably coextensive
with that of its tortoise host.
*21. (13080). 0. hecate Panz.
Length 6.5-9 mm. Black, opaque, thorax finely granulate; elytral inter-
vals each with two rows of fine punctures. Male with thorax protuberant
in front, often with a long bifid process.
Common in dry cow dung or carrion throughout the State.
22. (13082). 0. orpheus Panz.
Length 4-6 mm. Metallic green or bronzed. Male without clypeal horns,
the thoracic process prolonged, deeply forked, the forks divergent; fe-
male with a short, broad truncate protuberant, median process.
Enterprise (Sz.) ; Crescent City (Sz. Ms.).
23. (13084). 0. janus Panz.
Length 5-7 mm. Head and thorax metallic green or bronze, elytra pice-
ous with metallic tinge. Male with two slender clypeal horns and thorax
with a short, broad prefrontal median projection.
St. Augustine and Tallahassee (Sz. Ms.). Gaine'sville, Dec. 5
(P. B. Coll.).
*24. (13085). 0. nigrescens Blatch., 1916, 94.
Length 5-6 mm. Uniformly black or dark piceous-brown, strongly shin-
ing. Male without clypeal notch or ridges but with two long, slender horns;
female with two prominent clypeal ridges, the upper one and also the
prefrontal process of thorax ending each side in a short tubercle.
Described from Dunedin, where it occurs frequently, Novem-
ber to April, in decaying fleshy fungi and at carrion traps.
*25. (13086). 0. pennsylvanicus Harold.
Length 3.5-5 mm. Black or brownish-black; tibiae and tarsi reddish-
brown; head and thorax unarmed; clypeus entire, the lower ridge present
only in female.
Schwarz listed this only from Tampa as rare, but it is now
known from many stations. At hand from Sanford, Sarasota,
Dunedin and Palmdale. It occurs mainly in cow dung.
*26. (- ). 0. alutaceus Blatch., 1919, 31.
Length 4-4.5 mm. Black, alutaceous, feebly shining. Clypeus of male
emarginate, without ridges or horns; thorax with an obtuse median pro-


jection, coarsely and shallowly punctate; elytral intervals each with two
rows of aciculate hair-bearing punctures.
Dunedin, type taken on wing, Jan. 7; another beaten from oak,
Jan. 31.
*27. (13090). 0. tuberculifrons Harold.
Length 3.5-5 mm. Dark brown or piceous, elytra usually with paler
spots along basal and apical margins; clypeus with front feebly triangularly
notched and upper ridge represented by two tubercles; thorax alike in the
Common throughout the State, occurring in cow dung and de-
caying fungi.
The members of this genus differ from those of Onthophagus
in having the antennae 8-jointed and scutellum distinct.
28. (13096). 0. cubiensis Cast.
A Cuban species recorded by Schwarz (Ms.) as having been
taken at Key West by Morrison.
Small oblong, or subcylindrical convex species, living for the
most part in dung and having the clypeus dilated to cover the
mouth parts; antennae 9-jointed, club 3-jointed; elytra striate,
covering the pygidium; abdomen with six ventrals; hind tibiae
with two spurs; tarsi with distinct claws.
a. Head punctured or slightly rugose; sides of thorax without transverse
grooves or impressions.
b. Outer apical angle of hind tibiae obtuse.
Genus IX. Tribe APHODIINI.
bb. Outer apical angle of hind tibiae prolonged as a spine.
Genera X and XI. Tribe EUPARIINI.
aa. Head roughly granulate or verrucose; thorax, in Florida species, with
either transverse grooves or impressed near front angles.
Genus IX. APHODIUS Illiger
The members of this large genus possess the characters above
mentioned and have the head usually punctured or slightly ru-
gose, scutellum in the Florida species (except hamatus) not
more than one-eighth the length of elytral suture; elytra simply
striate, the first five striae not reaching the apical margin, inter-
vals never carinate; front tibiae with outer margin strongly
toothed. They live in and burrow beneath carrion or dung, are


on the wing by myriads in early spring and are sometimes at-
tracted by thousands to the electric lights of cities.
29. (13109). A. hamatus Say.
Length 6-9 mm. Piceous or black, elytra often with paler suture and
margins; scutellum nearly or fully one-fourth the length of elytral su-
According to Leng (Ms.) the A. concavus Say, recorded by
Schwarz (Ms.) from Crescent City, is hamatus. No other record
from the State, the distribution being for the most part much
farther north.
30. (13115). A. crassulus Horn, 1870, 118.
Length 4.5-5 mm. Form short, robust; black, shining; clypeus emargin-
ate, the angles of notch forming two acute teeth; mesosternum not cari-
nate between the coxae; thorax in this and species 31 with a distinct basal
marginal line; apex of hind tibiae in this and species 31-33 fimbriate with
short equal spines.
Types from "Georgia and Florida." Lake City, Oct. 28 (Ag.
Coll.). No other records.
(To be continued)

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