The Missileer

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The Missileer
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Melbourne Fl
Midway City Pub. Co.
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v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Armed Forces -- Newspapers -- United States ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Brevard -- Cape Canaveral -- Patrick Air Force Base
28.235 x -80.61 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"In the interest of personnel at the Air Force Missile Test Center, Patrick Air Force Base."
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 24 (July 15, 1952).

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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Vol. 51 No. 22 Patrick Air Force Base/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. June 5, 2009

How hurricanes are

Don't play with this


Do you know where
you're going?

Photo by 45th Civil Engineer Squadron

Air Force Space Command: delivering space and missile

capabilities to America and its warfighting commands

2 June 5, 2009 Missileer









Hurricane season has begun!

By Staff Sgt. Monica Essary
45th Civil Engineer Squadron
Monday marked the official start
of the hurricane season that runs
through Nov. 30.
Forecasters have predicted a
near-normal hurricane season,
expecting 9 to 14 named storms
forming in the Atlantic basin
between June 1 and Nov. 30. Up
to seven of the 14 storms are pre
dicted to become hurricanes, and
of the seven Hurricanes, around
three are expected to develop into
intense or major hurricanes (Saffir/
Simpson category 3-4-5) with sus
tained winds of 111 mph or greater.
A large majority of the personnel
who were assigned to Patrick AFB








and Cape Canaveral AFS during the
extremely active 2004 season are
no longer here leaving many new
comers unsure of what to expect
from a possible hurricane. Should
they evacuate? If so, when? What
should they take with them? Where
should they go? The 45th Civil
Engineer Readiness and Emergency
Management Flight have developed
the "Hurricane Survival Guide" to
answer these questions and more.
Here you will find basic hurricane
information, and associated hazards
as well as preparing for, responding
to, and recovering from a storm.
The guide is available on the Patrick
homepage,, by
clicking on the "Hurricane Guide"

icon on the bottom right side of the
page or contacting your unit emer
gency management representative.
Whether you are a family of 10 or
one, you should develop a family
disaster plan now instead of wait
ing until the storm is lurking off the
coastline. A "Family Disaster Plan,"
can be done free of charge at www., and will
help you assess your specific family
needs. Nobody knows for sure when
a hurricane will form or where it will
make landfall. Our best defense to
these devastating forces of nature
is preparedness. Utilize the tools
at your disposal to ensure that you
and your family are ready when the
storm comes.








Useful numbers and informative Web sites
When hurricanes are impending Patrolling security police American Red Cross for Brevard
or in progress, instructions will be County: www.spacecoastredcross.
given over the local radio and televi Sites to keep you prepared org
sion stations. Police and emergency National Weather Service for
management officers will patrol off Melbourne: Emergency numbers
base areas. People on base will be National Hurricane Center: www. Straight Talk Center 494-INFO
given instructions through the fol (4636)
lowing means: Brevard County Emergency When PAFB and CCAFS hot
* Pyramid notification system Management: lines are inoperable, call the AFPC
* Global e-mail Federal Emergency Management Evacuation Information Hotline
* Special briefings Agency: at the Randolph AFB Personnel
* Missileer newspaper American Red Cross: Readiness Branch for the latest
* Base public address system information at (800) 435-9941.

Missileer staff
Brig. Gen. Edward L. Bolton Jr.
45th Space Wing Commander
Mr. Brad Swezey
Chief of Public Affairs
2nd Lt. Karl Wiest
Deputy Chief of Public Affairs
2nd Lt. Trisha Guillebeau
Chief of Internal Information
Master Sgt. Robert Burgess
Airman 1st Class David Dobrydney
Mr. John Connell

Published by Cape Publications, Inc., a
private firm in no way connected with the Air
Force, under exclusive written contract with
the 45th Space Wing, Patrick AFB, Fla.
This civilian enterprise Air Force newspa-
per is an authorized publication for members
of the U.S. military services. Contents of the
Missileer are not necessarily official views
of, or endorsed by, the U.S. government, the
DoD or the Department of the Air Force.
The appearance of advertising in this
publication, including inserts or supplements,
does not constitute endorsement by the DoD,
the Department of the Air Force or Cape
Publications, Inc., of the products or services
Everything advertised in this publication
shall be made available for purchase, use or
patronage without regard to race, color, reli-
gion, sex, national origin, age, marital status,
physical handicap, political affiliation or any
other non-merit factor of the purchaser, user
or patron.
Editorial content is edited, prepared and
provided by the 45th Space Wing Public
Affairs Office.
All photographs are Air Force photo-
graphs unless otherwise indicated.
Cape Publications
Advertising Department
PO. Box 419000
Melbourne, FL 32941-9000
Retail: (321) 242-3808
National: (321) 242-3803
Classified: (321) 259-5555
1201 Edward H. White II St.
Building 423, Room C-130
Patrick AFB, FL 32925
PAFB Info Line
Submission deadline is 2 p.m. the Friday
before publication.

2009 Hurricane Names

June 5, 2009 Missileer 3

Scientists are forecasting a
well above-average hurricane
season for 2009. They
predict a 63% chance of
landfall for the entire eastern
U.S. coastline.
N.Y. 3

Bermuda high

Gulf or

SSteering the storm
External steering weather systems
and global winds move storms along.
A Bermuda High, a mound of high
pressure, is one of the key steering
currents for storms. Other factors
Share Polar air, the southern jet seam
and tade winds working in
combination to steer hurricanes.
I I /


,R,3 'r
e inner structure
of a hurricane .

Tropical cyclones: Process of formation
1. At the storm's conception...
Ocean water must be above 80 degrees and seas must be about 200 feet deep.
Moisture rising off the warm sea begins to form rain clouds.
Counter-clockwise atmospheric winds spin over western Africa strengthens tropical
waves into low-pressure systems into the eastern Atlantic. Winds near the ocean
bring humid air into the storm.
2. the storm builds
The surrounding air rushes to fill in the low pressure area, creating wind over the water.
Humid air rises, causing moisture to condense, keeping the thunderstorms building.
As the storm strengthens, some rising air begins sinking, forming a cloud-free eye.
Weak vertical wind shear helps keep storms intact as they move westward.

-0iiiii '%i i i- ................iiiii ~ i~~~ ii' w,



The light-front quadrant of an Atlantic
hurricane typically contains the strongest
winds and the highest storm surge. This
quadrant is relative to the forward
movement of the hurricane.

/" //'
< ^>-/ -

Cirrostratus cloud cap

ve wall

Rain banal

Storm's I

rm s

- - ------

4 June 5, 2009 Missileer

Keep these handy in a hurricane

Keep these items
in a box or container
in a place where you
and family members
can easily pick it up
and evacuate quickly.
Make sure everyone
in the family knows
where the kit is locat
The key is to pack
what each member of
your family, including
pets, needs when leav
ing home for several
days. Label containers
For the items you
use every day or store
in a locked box (such

as insurance infor
mation, etc.), make a
list and place it in the
box. When evacuation
seems likely, don't for
get to go through the
list and place the items
in your evacuation kit.

* Portable, battery
powered radio or TV
and extra batteries
* Three gallons of water
per person
* Three-day supply of
nonperishable food.
* Kitchen accessories
manual can open
er, mess kits or paper
cups, plates and plas
tic/disposable uten

sils, utility knife, can
of cooking fuel if food
must be cooked, sugar,
salt, paper, aluminum
foil and plastic reseal
able bags.
* Flashlight and extra
* First-aid kit and
* Credit card and cash.
Remember, during an
evacuation ATMs and
banks could be closed.
Therefore, stash some
cash in your kit.
* Personal identifica
* Insurance informa-
* Jewelry and other

items you can fit in
your vehicle that you
cannot do without
* If you have a fireproof
locked box or other
vessel used to keep
essential information,
such as birth certifi
cates, wills, etc., take
it with you.
* Extra set of car keys
* Matches in a water
proof container
* Signal flare
* Entertainment, such
as books and games
* Sanitation and hy
giene products
* Tools and other acces
sories: paper, pencil;
needles and thread;
pliers, shut-offwrench,

shovels and other use
ful tools; tape; medi
cine dropper; whistle;
plastic sheeting; small
canister, fire extin
guisher; emergency
preparedness manual;
tube tent; compass
* Area map/phone
numbers of potential
evacuation sites
* Contact numbers for
the base, relatives and
AF Personnel Center
* Special needs: dia
pers, baby food, for
mula, one-month sup
ply of prescription
medicines and cop
ies of prescriptions,
hearing aid batteries,
spare wheelchair bat

tery, spare eyeglasses,
over-the-counter pain
relievers, including
children's types
* Children's toys/
books to keep them
* Pet supplies, such
as food
* Valuable papers:
insurance policies,
deeds, birth certifi
cates, medical records,
any other important
papers you store in
a safety box at home
and photographs (keep
those in a waterproof
* Change of clothes
* Sleeping bags, pil
lows and blankets.

June 5, 2009 Missileer 5

'Near normal' hurricane season expected

Preparedness is still encouraged, however
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association each storm, NOAA's National Hurricane Center

NOAA forecasters say a near-normal Atlantic
hurricane season is most likely this year.
However, as with any season, the need to pre
pare for the possibility of a storm striking near
you is essential.
'Today, more than 35 million Americans
live in regions most threatened by Atlantic
hurricanes," Commerce Secretary Gary Locke
said. 'Timely and accurate warnings of severe
weather help save lives and property. Public
awareness and public preparedness are the best
defenses against a hurricane."
In its initial outlook for the 2009 Atlantic hur
ricane season, which runs from June through
November, NOAA's National Weather Service
Climate Prediction Center calls for a 50 per
cent probability of a near-normal season, a 25
percent probability of an above-normal season
and a 25 percent probability of a below-normal
season. Global weather patterns are imposing a
greater uncertainty in the 2009 hurricane sea
son outlook than in recent years. Forecasters
say there is a 70 percent chance of having nine
to 14 named storms, of which four to seven
could become hurricanes, including one to three
major hurricanes (Category 3, 4 or 5).
'This outlook is a guide to the overall expect
ed seasonal activity. However, the outlook is
not just about the numbers, it's also about
taking action," said Gerry Bell, Ph.D., lead sea
sonal hurricane forecaster at NOAA's Climate

& Public awarene.
public prepar
are the best d

against a hurricane.


Prediction Center. "Prepare for eac
season regardless of the seasonal oi
a near or below-normal season c
landfalling hurricanes, and it onl
landfalling storm to make it a bad s
Shaping this seasonal outlook is t
ty of competing climate factors. Supj
activity this season are conditions
with the ongoing high-activity era tl
1995, which include enhanced rainf
Africa, warmer Atlantic waters and r
shear. But activity could be reduce
develops in the equatorial Eastern
summer or if ocean temperatures in
tropical Atlantic remain cooler than
NOAA's seasonal hurricane outlo
project where and when any of tl
may hit. Landfall is dictated by weat
in place at the time the storm appr

ss and

r r

forecasts how these weather patterns affect the
storm track, intensity and landfall potential.
"NOAA strives to produce the best possible
forecasts to help emergency officials and resi
dents better prepare for an approaching storm,"
said Jane Lubchenco, Ph.D., under secretary

7 y of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and
NOAA administrator. "I'm pleased to have the
Gary Locke Administration's support for an additional $13
million in next year's budget request to continue
SECRETARY the trend of improving hurricane track and
intensity forecasts."
h and every Tropical systems acquire a name -the first
utlook. Even for 2009 will be Ana -upon reaching tropical
can produce storm strength with sustained winds of at least
y takes one 39 mph. Tropical storms become hurricanes
eason." when winds reach 74 mph, and become major
he possibili hurricanes when winds increase to 111 mph. An
porting more average season has 11 named storms, including
s associated six hurricanes with two becoming major hur
hat began in ricanes.
all over West NOAA scientists will continue to monitor
educed wind evolving conditions in the tropics and will issue
d if El Nino an updated hurricane outlook in early August,
Pacific this just prior to what is historically the peak period
the eastern for hurricane activity.
normal. NOAA understands and predicts changes in
ok does not the Earth's environment, from the depths of
these storms the ocean to the surface of the sun, and con
her patterns serves and manages our coastal and marine
roaches. For resources.

6 June 5, 2009 Missileer

Hurricanes: minimal to catastrophic

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association
Category One Hurricane:
Sustained winds 74-95 mph (64-82 kt or
119 153 km/hr). Damaging winds are expect
ed. Some damage to building structures could
occur, primarily to unanchored mobile homes
(mainly pre 1994 construction). Some damage is
likely to poorly constructed signs. Loose outdoor
items will become projectiles, causing additional
damage. Persons struck by windborne debris
risk injury and possible death. Numerous large
branches of healthy trees will snap. Some trees
will be uprooted, especially where the ground is
saturated. Many areas will experience power out
ages with some downed power poles. Hurricane
Cindy (pdf) (2005, 75 mph winds at landfall in
Louisiana) and Hurricane Gaston (2004, 75 mph
winds at landfall in South Carolina) are exam
ples of Category One hurricanes at landfall.

Category Two Hurricane:
Sustained winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or
154 177 km/hr). Very strong winds will produce
widespread damage. Some roofing material,
door, and window damage of buildings will occur.
Considerable damage to mobile homes (mainly
pre-1994 construction) and poorly constructed
signs is likely. A number of glass windows in
high rise buildings will be dislodged and become
airborne. Loose outdoor items will become pro
jectiles, causing additional damage. Persons
struck by windborne debris risk injury and
possible death.. Numerous large branches will
break. Many trees will be uprooted or snapped.

Extensive damage to power lines and poles will
likely result in widespread power outages that
could last a few to several days. Hurricane Erin
(1995, 100 mph at landfall in northwest Florida)
and Hurricane Isabel (2003, 105 mph at landfall
in North Carolina) are examples of Category Two
hurricanes at landfall.

Category Three Hurricane:
Sustained winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt or
178-209 km/hr). Dangerous winds will cause
extensive damage. Some structural damage to
houses and buildings will occur with a minor
amount of wall failures. Mobile homes (mainly
pre-1994 construction) and poorly constructed
signs are destroyed. Many windows in high rise
buildings will be dislodged and become airborne.
Persons struck by windborne debris risk injury
and possible death. Many trees will be snapped
or uprooted and block numerous roads. Near
total power loss is expected with outages that
could last from several days to weeks. Hurricane
Rita (pdfl (2005, 115 mph landfall in east Texas/
Louisiana) and Hurricane Jeanne (2004, 120
mph landfall in southeast Florida) are examples
of Category Three hurricanes at landfall.

Category Four Hurricane:
Sustained winds 131-155 mph (114-135 kt
or 210-249 km/hr). Extremely dangerous winds
causing devastating damage are expected. Some
wall failures with some complete roof structure
failures on houses will occur. All signs are blown
down. Complete destruction of mobile homes (pri
marily pre-1994 construction). Extensive dam

age to doors and windows is likely. Numerous
windows in high rise buildings will be dislodged
and become airborne. Windborne debris will
cause extensive damage and persons struck by
the wind-blown debris will be injured or killed.
Most trees will be snapped or uprooted. Fallen
trees could cut off residential areas for days to
weeks. Electricity will be unavailable for weeks
after the hurricane passes. Hurricane Charley
(2004, 145 mph at landfall in southwest Florida)
and Hurricane Hugo (1989, 140 mph at landfall
in South Carolina) are examples of Category
Four hurricanes at landfall.

Category Five Hurricane:
Sustained winds greater than 155 mph (135
kt or 249 km/hr). Catastrophic damage is
expected. Complete roof failure on many resi
dences and industrial buildings will occur. Some
complete building failures with small buildings
blown over or away are likely. All signs blown
down. Complete destruction of mobile homes
(built in any year). Severe and extensive window
and door damage will occur. Nearly all windows
in high rise buildings will be dislodged and
become airborne. Severe injury or death is likely
for persons struck by wind-blown debris. Nearly
all trees will be snapped or uprooted and power
poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will
isolate residential areas. Power outages will last
for weeks to possibly months. Hurricane Camille
(pdf) (1969, 190 mph at landfall in Mississippi)
and Hurricane Andrew (1992, 165 mph at
landfall in Southeast Florida) are examples of
Category Five hurricanes at landfall.

Hurricane classifications
Storms are classified by wind speed, barometric pressure and size of storm surge. A tropical storm is a low-pressure system with sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph.
When the winds from the storms reach 39 mph, the storms are given names.

Category 1: Minimal storm
Winds: 74 to 95 mph
Barometer: 28.94 inches
or more
Storm surge: Up to 5 feet
Examples: Irene, 1999;
Allison, 1995

Category 2: Moderate storm
Winds: 96 to 110 mph
Barometer: 28.91 to 28.5 inches
Storm surge: 6 to 8 feet
Examples: Frances, 2004; Floyd,
1999; Bonnie, 1998; Georges
(Florida and Louisiana), 1998.

Category 3: Extensive storm
Winds: 111 to 130 mph
Barometer: 28.47 to
27.91 inches
Storm surge: 9 to 12 feet
Examples: Katrina, 2005; Wilma,
2005; Jeanne, 2004; Fran, 1996;
Opal, 1995; Alicia, 1983

Category 4: Extreme storm
Winds: 131 to 155 mph
Barometer: 27.88 to
Storm surge: 13 to 18 feet
Examples: Charley, 2004;
Hugo, 1989; Donna, 1960

Category 5: Catastrophic storm
Winds: More than 155 mph
Barometer: 27.17 inches
or less
Storm surge: More than 18 feet
Examples: Andrew (Florida),
1992; Camille, 1969;
Labor Day (Florida Key), 1935


June 5, 2009 Missileer 7

Nighttime twisters: your worst nightmare!

By William Roeder
45th Weather Squadron
Tornadoes between
midnight and dawn are
2.5 times more likely to
kill, accordingtoa study
from Northern Illinois
University. Overall
deaths from tornadoes
have been decreasing
over the past decades
in the U.S., but less
so for nighttime twist
ers. This is especial
ly important for the
Space Coast since the
mid-South is the most
vulnerable part of the
U.S. to nighttime twist
ers. Now is the time to
prepare since we are
entering our winter
tornado season.
One of the best ways
to prepare is to buy
a 'NOAA All Hazards
Radio', formerly known
as 'NOAA Weather
Radio.' One of the main
reasons late night tor
nadoes are so dan
gerous is people are
asleep and don't see
the weather warnings
on TV. However, NOAA
Radio will sound a loud
alarm if the National
Weather Service issues
a weather warning for
your area. This is essen
tial if you live in a loca
tion without a tornado
siren. Even if you live
near a siren, it may not
be loud enough to wake
you inside your house.
'NOAA Radio' provides
alternatives for the
hearing and visually
impaired. NOAA Radio
doesn't cover 2 percent
of the country, so test
the reception of new
radios to be sure you're

February through
April is the winter
severe weather season
for east central Florida.
These late winter-early
spring tornadoes are
caused by strong cold
fronts moving into our
area. Since these cold
fronts are fairly easy
to predict, the poten
tial for these tornadoes
can usually be fore
cast a day or more in
advance. The stron
ger the cold front, the
higher the chance that
tornadoes will occur
and the stronger the
tornadoes will likely
be. Strong cold fronts
in January and even
December can cause
tornadoes in Brevard
Tornado safety is an
easy two-step process:
Step 1, Have A Plan:
Identify the safest room
in your building and
ensure everyone knows
it. The safest rooms are
on the lowest floor, away
from windows, farther
inside, and smallerwith
solid construction like
restrooms and closets.
Basements are even
safer. A strong table
and thick pads can

protect you against fall
ing debris. Motorcycle,
bicycle, and skateboard
helmets can prevent
head injuries. People in
mobile homes or other
weak portable build
ings should seek prop

er shelter elsewhere.
A common myth is to
open windows to let
the building "breathe".
Houses do not explode
from decompression
in a tornado. Opening
a window actually
increases the danger.
Step 2, Keep In
formed: The 45th Wea
ther Squadron gives
the potential for severe
weather at KSC/
CCAFS in their daily
24-Hour and Weekly
Planning Forecasts
( If
the threat continues, a
severe weather watch
with a desired lead
time of four hours is
issued. Finally, if tor
nadoes are imminent

or observed, a tornado
warning is issued with
a desired lead-time of
five minutes. Follow
adverse weather local
At home, stay in
formed about approach
ing severe weather.
The National Weather
Service in Melbourne
gives the potential for
severe weather in their
generalforecasts, issues
a tornado watch when
conditions are expected
that may produce tor
nadoes, and issues a
tornado warning when
one has been detect
ed. If severe weather
is likely, review your
safety plan, including
your family, especially

reminding everyone of
the safest room. Store
any loose outside mate
rials and close protec
tive shutters, if there
is time before the high
winds start. If a tor
nado or severe weather
watch is issued, listen
for weather warnings
and be ready to act. If
a warning is issued for
your area, go your safe
room immediately. Go
to your safe room if
threatening weather
approaches -there
may not be time for an
official warning.
Weather safety train
ing is available from
the 45th WS at 494

8 June 5, 2009 Missileer



SKnow how to leave the area and where to find a hurricane shelter if you need to stay

Kennedy Here are the shelters and evacuation routes by region in Brevard and Indian River
Spaee counties. People who live in high-risk areas, such as the barrier islands or manufactured-
itusl Cr home communities, should stay with relatives, friends or in a motel or hotel on the
50 NASA mainland. Shelters should be used as a last resort.
_1 Brevard County primary shelters
0 Mims Elementary Manatee Elementary 0 Meadowlane Intermediate School
2852 U.S. 1 3425 Solerno Blvd. 2700 Wingate Blvd.
Mims Viera West Melbourne

52 3085 Knox McRae Drive Melbounie Campus 351 Riviera Drive N.E.
524 Caper Titusville 3865 N. Wickham Road Melbourne
Canaerl Melbourne
24 Imperial Estates Elementary M Bayside High School
525 Kathy Dr. 0 Eau Gallie High 1900 DeGroodt Road S.W.
RCile ocoa Titusville 1400 Commodore Blvd. Palm Bay
Beach Melbourne
Viera Brevard Community College South Mainland Community Center
Cocoa Campus Melbourne High 3700 Allen Avenue
1519 Clearlake Road 74 Bulldog Blvd. Micco
Pineda Patrick Air Cocoa Melbourne
s Force Base

Saelle Pet-friendly shelter Port St. John Community Center Special-needs shelter
A) registration 6650 Corto Road registration information
Indian registration Port St. John6376670
Harbour Brevard: 633-2024 Brevard: 637-6670
Beach Viera Regional Community Center
elboum Indialantic Regional Park
2 Melbourne 2300 Judge Fran Jamieson Way
A Beach Viera


Indian River County primary shelters
SSebastian Elementary 0 Gifford Middle School Oslo Middle School
400 County Road 512 4530 28th Court 480 20th Ave. S.W.
Sebastian Gifford Vero Beach
SFellsmere Elementary 0 Glendale Elementary, O Thompson Magnet
50 N. Cypress St. 4940 8th St. Elementary
Fellsmere Vero Beach 1110 18th Ave. S.W.
Vero Beach
Sebastian River Vero Beach High School
Middle School W 1707 16th St. Highlands Elementary
9400 County Road 512 Vero Beach 500 20th Ave. S.W.
Sebastian Vero Beach
O Pelican Island Elementary
1355 Schumann Drive
ra Special-needs shelter
registration information
Indian River: Call Indian River County's 0 Special needs shelter
emergency management information line at Treasure Coast Elementary
(772) 567-2154. 8955 85th St.

June 5, 2009 Missileer 9

Don't let lightning get a lucky strike

By William Roeder
45th Weather Squadron
Lightning safety
is vital in Florida.
Lightning is the lead
ing source of weather
deaths in Florida, kill
ing more than near
ly all other weather
events combined.
Lightning inflicts life
long severe debilitat
ing injuries on many
more than it kills. No
place outside is safe
with thunderstorms in
the area.
Central Florida is
'Lightning Alley', with
the most lightning in
the U.S.
Our lightning sea
son usually starts in
the second half of May
and continues through
late September. Now is
the time to prepare to
be lightning safe.
When on-base, lis
ten for the lightning
A Phase I Lightning
Watch means lightning
is expected within five
nautical miles of the
specified location(s)
and is issued up to
30 minutes before the
lightning is expect
ed to occur. The five
nautical miles (about
6 "normal" statute
miles) is close enough
for lightning to be a
reasonable threat.
A Phase-2 Lightning
Warning is issued
when lightning is
imminent or occur
ring within five nauti
cal miles of the speci
fied location(s). Follow
your approved local
procedures when you

aid. Have someone call
911. If an Automated
External Defibrillator
(AED) is available, use
it on victims with car
diac arrest. If the car
diac arrest is a fibrilla
tion condition, the AED
works much better
than CPR. If it is not
a fibrillation, then the

hear these alerts.
If you don't have
approved local proce
dures, then develop
them. Until then, use
the following guide
lines. If outdoors and
a Phase-1 Lightning
Watch is issued and
you are near proper
shelter, finish vital
activities quickly and
go inside. If you are
not near proper shel
ter, stop activities
immediately and go to
proper shelter.
If outdoors and a
Phase-2 Lightning
Warning is issued,
you are in danger -go
inside immediately! If
indoors and a Phase-1
or Phase-2 Lightning
Watch or Warning is
issued, stay inside
until the Watch or
Warning is cancelled.
When off-base, you
still need to practice
lightning safety. Two
excellent slogans are
'When Thunder Roars,
Go Indoors!' and 'Half
An Hour Since Thunder
Roars, Now Okay To
Go Outdoors!'
Follow the four lev

els of lightning safety.
Level-1 is schedul
ing outdoor activities
to avoid the light
ning hazard as much
as possible. Use the
local forecasts from
the National Weather
Service at Melbourne
mlb), listen to NOAA
Weather Radio, and
know the local weather
Level-2 is know
when and where to
go for lightning safety
when outdoors. Watch
the skies for signs of
approaching or locally
developing thunder
storms. Go to a safe
place early. If you hear
thunder, the storm is
getting close enough to
be a danger -go to a
safe place immediately.
The safest place from
lightning available to
most people is a large
fully enclosed build
ing with wiring and
plumbing, a typical
house, office, school,
or store. A vehicle
with a solid metal roof
and solid metal sides
offers good protec

AED won't fire and you
should resume CPR.
More information
on lightning safety
is available at www.
lightningsafety. noaa.
gov. For lightning
safety training, con
tact the 45th Weather
Squadron at 853

tion too, a typical car,
bus, or truck. When
indoors, stay away
from conducting paths
to the outside: corded
telephones, electrical
appliances and wiring,
and plumbing.
Level-3 is used if you
have to be outside with
thunderstorms in the
area. This is danger
ous and should only
be done if there is no
alternative. Avoid the
riskiest locations and
activities: elevated
places, wide-open areas
like sports fields and
beaches, tall isolated
objects, and especially
do not go under trees
to get dry. Get out of,
off of, and away from
large bodies of water.
Open small structures
such as pavilions and
rain shelters provide no
lightning protection.
Level-4 is first aid
for lightning victims.
All lightning deaths
are from cardiac arrest
or stopped breath
ing at the time of the
lightning strike. CPR
or rescue breathing is
the recommended first

Test your hurricane knowledge

1: Strong tropical winds
in the Western Pacific are
A) hurricanes
B) cyclones
C) tropical storms
D) typhoons

2: Hurricane season for the
Atlantic Ocean is from:
A) Jan. 1 through July 31
B) June 1 through Dec. 15
C) June 1 through Nov. 30
D) Feb. 2 through July 13

3: The term "extratropical"
means a storm:
A) has grown to record
B) is occurring within the
Gulf of Mexico
C) has lost its tropical

D) will not reach tropical

4: A major hurricane is
defined as:
A) 2 or higher
B) 3 or higher
C) 6 or higher
D) 8 or higher

5: A tropical storm has sus-
tained wind speed of:
A) 15 mph to 45 mph
B) 39 mph to 73 mph
C) 74 mph to 83 mph
D) 85 mph to 90 mph

6: Since 1851, the mainland
U.S. State hit with the most
direct hits by a hurricane is:
A) Louisiana

B) North Carolina
C) California
D) Florida

7: Put these 2004 hurricanes
in order by damage costs,
largest to smallest. Costs are
not adjusted for inflation:
A) Jeanne
B) Ivan
C) Frances
D) Charley

8: Atropical storm becomes a
hurricane when wind speeds
A) 39 mph or more
B) 74 mph or more
C) 52 mph or more
D) 22 mph or more

9: A hurricane warning is

issued when hurricane con-
ditions are expected in:
A) 24 hours or less
B) 36 hours or less
C) 12 hours or less
D) 2 hours or less

10: Which letters are not
used to create names for
A) E, K, P, W, and I
B) D, G, O, V and Z
C) F, L, M, U and Y
D) Q, U, X, Y and Z

11: Since 1851, which month
has produced the most major
hits on the U.S. mainland?
A) July
B) August
C) September
D) November

12: What did Hurricane
Andrew's minimum pres-
sure (mb) fall to?
A) 892
B) 900
C) 922
D) 945

G :01
V :6
a :8
V pur DR 'U :L
I :9

a :
a :I

Sa :

10 June 5, 2009 Missileer

June 5, 2009 Missileer 11

Pet shelters available for hurricanes

County Animal
Shelters Boarding
All county Animal Shel
ters will be open, unless
ordered evacuated, and
will receive pets on an
Emergency basis. Call
the following numbers for
information concerning pet
sheltering during a disas
* Brevard County Animal
Services and Enforcement
* Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals,
Titusville -267-8221
* Central Brevard Humane
Society, Cocoa -636-3343
* North Area Animal Center,

Titusville 264-5119
* South Animal Care Center,
Melbourne -253-6608.
In the event that all shel
ters are full, the Melbourne
Greyhound Park at 1100 N.
Wickham Rd., Melbourne,
has volunteered its facil
ity as a Temporary Disaster
Relief Shelter for Pets of
people in the evacuation
areas only.
Pet Friendly Shelter
For further information,
go to www.brevardani
It is very important to
bring current rabies cer
tificates, medications and

Hurricanes require legal protection as well

By 1st Lt. Sarah Bateman
45th SW Legal Office
Another hurricane season has
begun, and it is important to have
a plan in place should disaster
strike. Part of this plan should be
that you are "legally prepared" for
what may come. While you may
remember to keep the family cat
and photos with you, many forget
to keep proof that they own their
possessions and insurance docu
ments with them as well. A lot of
headaches can be saved if a plan
is in place before disaster strikes.
Depending on whether you are liv
ing on-base, in privatized housing,
and off-base, there are different
insurance options available and
different levels of protection.
First, take inventory of what you
own. Make a video tape or take pic
tures of your belongings and mail
this to someone in a safer location.
A quick thirty minute photo shoot
can be invaluable if your posses
sions are destroyed and you have
to attempt to list everything you

Next, have important papers and
documents in one safe, central, easy
to locate place in case of an evacu
ation. Also, decide what you plan
to do with personal valuables and
sentimental items now. A checklist
of what you want to take with you
may be extremely helpful during
the stress of an evacuation.
Then, find out what kind of
insurance you have, and ensure
that flood insurance is a part of
that protection. Residents of priva
tized housing at Patrick are auto
matically provided with a renter's
insurance policy for up to $20,000
with a $250 deductible. The policy
may or may not be enough to cover
your property, so be sure to take an
inventory of your property to deter
mine if additional renter's insur
ance would be necessary to make
you whole if disaster should strike.
Your lease details the renter's insur
ance provisions currently in place.
Privatized housing residents will
not be reimbursed for losses due to
power surges or food spoilage, as
their coverage is a traditional rent
er's insurance policy. For those who

do not live in privatized housing, be
aware that you are not automati
cally protected and should obtain
renter's insurance or homeowner's
insurance of an amount adequate
to cover the full-replacement value
of your belongings.
There is no way to completely

avoid a hurricane if one occurs, but
through preparation you can less
en the stress and more adequately
protect yourself from devastating
losses. If you would like more infor
mation on how you can be legally
prepared for a hurricane, please
contact the base legal office.

4J jN F Fax: 321-


Know the Hurricane and Recovery Conditons

45th Space HURCON
Wing Hurricane H RC N
Destructive winds HURCON 24 hours
of 50 knots or
greater are pos-
sible within: 48 hours

RECON II) Mission
Essential: Only per-
sonnel allowed back
to PAFB will be per-
sonnel who have
been designated as
mission essential by
their commander and
have been issued a
RECON IIass. pass.

Mission Essential:
This condition con-
centrates on restor-
ing functions and
services that sup-
port the mission and
people. Personnel
allowed back to PAFB
will still have to be
issued a RECON III

12 June 5, 2009 Missileer

June 5, 2009 Missileer 13

Some final suggestions...

About TRICARE and the Pharmacy...

* Make sure you have your military ID and
TRICARE Prime card.
* Only seek healthcare for emergency or acute
needs, wait until you return for routine care.
* If you are near a local military medical treat
ment facility, contact them for further guid
* If you have an emergency, go to the nearest
ER or call 911.
* If you need acute care, contact Humana
Military Healthcare Services at 1-800-444-5445
for assistance.
* Contact the 45th Medical Group at 1-888
PAT-CURE for updated information.
The Pharmacy
* Keep a list of your current prescription(s) in

your valuable papers file to include current dos
age and doctor's contact information.
* Check the label to verify there are refills left
on your current prescription. If there are no
refills left, contact your provider ASAP to get a
* Request refills in advance to prevent delays.
The Patrick pharmacy will accommodate early
refills only if you have less than 30 days of medi
cation on hand during a hurricane evacuation.
* Have 14-day supply of routine medications on
hand at all times.
* Have additional paper prescriptions written by
your provider in case Patrick Pharmacy access is
not available for an extended amount of time.
* Keep labels in water proof bags even if the con
tainer is empty.
* If the base is closed, take all bottles/packages

with labels to a network pharmacy.
* If your medications require refrigeration, there
are special medical coolers available on the
market that will help keep your medication(s) at
the proper temperature for an extended period
of time.
* Protect medications from heat, humidity and/
or direct sunlight.
* Be sure and call the pharmacy; due to time
critical actions, do not rely on refill answering
Please feel free to contact the TRICARE office
(494-8459) or Patrick AFB Pharmacy (494-2141)
anytime you have questions. Hours of operation
are Monday, Wednesday and Friday 7:30 a.m.
S4:30 p.m.; Tuesday and Thursday 8:30 a.m.
S4:30 p.m. Both offices are closed every third
Friday of the month.

...and about finances during an evacuation

Only the Base Commander can issue an evac
uation order. The costs associated with leaving
prior to an evacuation order may fall upon the
The Base Commander will determine who is
required to evacuate, the evacuation location
and who is covered by the order. Military are
automatically covered. NAF and AAFES employ
ees may be covered. Spouses of deployed mill
tary members are covered.

Government Travel Card
* Use of the Government Travel Card (GTC) is
not authorized until an order is issued. Once
the order is issued, you may use the card to get
cash and fuel your vehicles.
* Spouses of deployed members needing finan
cial support to facilitate their evacuation should
contact the 45th Comptroller Squadron at 494
4882 to make the necessary arrangements.
* Mileage is reimbursed at $.55 per mile per
authorized vehicle.
* The maximum reimbursable lodging is com
puted by multiplying the maximum locality rate
for the area times a percentage based on the
number dependents traveling.
Military member (or spouse if member is
absent) -100 percent.
Children under 12 50 percent each.

Spouse and children over 12 75 percent
* Per diem is computed on the locality rate using
the same percentages.
* Other expenses such as tolls may be claimed
on your travel voucher. Official phone calls and
official vicinity travel need to be specifically
* Keep al receipts!

Items not covered by per diem
* Vehicle preparations such as an oil change or
installing a tow hitch or luggage rack on your
* Extra costs associated with pets such as
extra room charges or kenneling costs. You are
required to provide an itemized lodging receipts
and pet costs will be deducted.
* Hurricane survival items such as flashlights,
batteries, radios, coolers and bottled water.
* Phone charges that would have been otherwise
incurred. You will not be reimbursed for exceed
ing the minutes on your cellular plan.
* Preparations for hurricane-proofing your
* Storing a vehicle in a hurricane-proof shelter.
* Rental vehicles will be limited to POV reim
* The toll roads are usually free during evacu

ations. You may only claim tolls you actually

What you should do upon returning
* Units will be compiling information about your
dependents for inclusion on the travel order. Be
proactive about getting this information to your
unit. Dependents must be in DEERS to receive
reimbursement. For reimbursement purposes,
the dependency rules for civilians will mirror
those of the military.
* The Comptroller Squadron will organize mass
briefings to collect travel vouchers. An evacua
tion generates three times the number of vouch
ers that we process in a normal month. Also,
remember, hurricane damage will likely affect
our operational ability. Your cooperation and
attention to detail will greatly affect our ability
to process your voucher in a timely manner.
* Keep track of GTC spending so you can split
disburse the amount.
* Generally, there are no entitlements once
you return to your Permanent Duty Station.
However, if the condition of your quarters
affects your ability to perform your duties, com
manders have options for providing alternate
* Any reimbursable item other than travel
should be directed to the base claims office.

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