The Kings Bay periscope


Material Information

The Kings Bay periscope
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 40 cm.
Naval Submarine Base (Kings Bay, Ga.)
Ultra Type Inc.
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Jacksonville, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Navy-yards and naval stations -- Periodicals -- Georgia -- Kings Bay   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States of America -- Georgia -- Camden -- Kings Bay
United States of America -- Florida -- Jacksonville


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1, no. 1 (June 15, 1979).
Issuing Body:
Published for the Naval Submarine Support Base, Kings Bay, Ga.
General Note:
Description based on: Mar. 14, 1997; title from caption.
General Note:
Earlier issues published: Kings Bay, Ga. : Naval Submarine Support Base. Jacksonville, Fla. : Ultra Type Inc. <1997->
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Jan. 30, 1998.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 57252699
lccn - 2004233881
lcc - VA70.G4 K56
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

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Adm. Williamson praises Keypersons in campaignCommander, Navy Region Southeast Rear Adm. Rick Williamson praised the 2013 Combined Federal Campaign Keypersons and stressed the importance of 100 percent contact of all federal employees Nov. 4. e CFC is underway through Jan. 15 for all federal agencies worldwide to donate to qualifying charitable organizations. is year has been a little bit of a challenge with furloughs and sequestration, William said. We took a brief pause with the campaign, but are now back on track, and I have a lot of faith in the generosity of our military and civilian employees. Many people say, when times are hard, expect to have a bad campaign, but Ive been in the Navy for 28 years and although weve seen some issues arise, weve never had a bad campaign. My hope is that the trend continues and our military and civilian members are given the opportunity to contribute in this worthwhile campaign. In order for a command or agency to conduct a successful fund drive, they must have proactive keypersons who volunteer to coordinate the campaign. e Keypersons have a big job and I greatly appreciate them stepping up and volunteering, Williamson said. ey conduct 100 percent contact of the members of the commands, coordinate fundraising events, collect money or allotment slips and Up Periscope Whos your favorite veteran? Page 9 Parade Kingsland turns out for Veterans Day Page 4, 5 Cold War Coalition kicks Saddam out of Kuwait Page 6 Future of strategic forces examined Check us out Online! Region stresses CFC participation Trial by reNavys build rst submarine trainer for reghting Smoke bellows out the ventilation ducts. e glow of the blazing re emanates down the passageway. Fireghters move with precision and purpose, pausing to unleash a torrent of water towards the re as they kneel before it. Such was the scene at the Navys rst submarine reghting trainer, located at Naval Air Station North Island Oct. 29. Commander, Navy Installation Command approached Kidde Fire Trainers almost one year ago in response to the incident on the USS Miami, in which a re caused over $400 million of damage to the submarine. Numerous issues arose from the incident, primarily reghter response and the readiness of base reghters to deal with ghting shipboard re. e need for additional training resources was identied in order to train base re departments on what theyll encounter when ghting res in the tight quarters of a submarine. Kidde Fire Trainers is scheduled to build three other modular trainers at Naval bases around the country in addition to the NASNI trainer, and has also currently stationed mobile training units at Naval Bases in Kings Bay, Ga. and New London, Conn. e new reghting trainer at NASNI is the rst of the 2 crews for West VirginiaCmdr. Adam Palmers Blue, Cmdr. Ben Shupps Gold during assumption ceremony USS West Virginia (SSBN 736) hosted a crew split and an assumption of command ceremony Nov. 8 at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. Cmdr. Adam Palmer assumed command of the Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines Blue crew while Cmdr. Ben Shupp assumed command of the Boomers Gold crew. Cmdr. Shupp reported to the sub in May as the prospective commanding ocer, and assisted Cmdr. Palmer in preparing the ship for the nal stages of the overhaul. During the Assumption of Command speech, Cmdr. Palmer said that when our aircraft carriers sail into harms way, when the merchants of the world ply their trade and when the people all over the planet freely express ideas, they do so in part because of the world order that this ship has helped create. And although this crew has worked long hours in relative obscurity for almost three years, in work that often seemed to bear little resemblance to the noble cause we serve, they have always done so with their heads high and with remarkable enthusiasm and humor. Cmdr. Shupp also credited the crew for a job well done. ere is no tougher job in the Navy than executing a long shipyard period, taking the ship over the course of almost three years from a completely dismantled state back to a sleek, powerful, self-sustaining warship capable of remaining at sea indenitely, he said in a speech to the crews and guests. is incredibly tough job has been accomplished with great patience, skill, and foresight by the combined crew of the mighty USS West Virginia. West Virginia returned to its Georgia homeport on Nov. 4, following a 33-month Engineered Refueling Overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Va. During the ERO, West Virginia combined the Blue and Gold crews into one crew, known as the Green crew. While the boat received its refueling, West Virginia underKings Bay hosts undersea warfare Sustaining the Triad deterrence conference, Nov. 8Navy leaders met with Air Force, government and industry leaders at the undersea warfare conference Sus taining the Triad: the Enduring Requirements of Deterrence Nov. 8 at the base conference center to discuss the future of U.S. strategic forces. e conference provided an unclassied forum for policymakers and experts to discuss issues about the current and future size and posture of U.S. strategic forces, with a primary focus on the sea-based leg of the triad. Remarks were provided by U.S. Rep. Joe Courtney, Air Force Gen. C. Robert Bob Kehler, commander, United States Strategic Command, Vice Adm. Terry Benedict, director, Strategic Systems Programs, and Vice Adm. Michael Connor, commander, Submarine Forces. Rear Adm. Rick Breckenridge, director of the undersea warfare program highlighted the importance of the discussions. I am excited to have the opportunity to bring the government, industry, and community strategic deterrence stakehold ers together to continue our national narrative on the future of our nations nuclear deterrence, he said. We are entering an absolutely critical time period for de


2 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 More than 150 service members, including 80 Sailors, were treated to breakfast Nov. 5 at the Mystic Marriott Hotel and Spa in Groton, Conn. e Chamber of Commerce for Eastern Connecticut held its 4th Annual Military Appreciation Breakfast in honor of active duty Navy, Coast Guard and Connecticut National Guard members as well as veterans. I want to express our deepest gratitude, appreciation and admiration to all of the men and women in the armed forces, said Joseph Chontos, a senior executive at General Dynamics Electric Boat. e shipbuilding company joined Bank of America and Dunkin Donuts in providing free meal tickets to all attending service members. Each services senior military ofcer was invited to address the total 250 attendees who included local business, community and political leaders. Rear Adm. Ken Perry expressed appreciation to local leaders on the Navys behalf. Weve got four submarines deployed today from Groton. ey are deployed around the clock, around the world, Perry said. e work that these Sailors are doing to maintain the ships, to ready themselves for critical missions in key regions of the world I cant thank them enough. ey do it with the full support of the business groups represented here in Southeastern Connecticut. ank you, he told business leaders. As commander of Submarine Group 2, Perry is responsible for all Los Angeles-class and Virginia-class attack submarines based on the East Coast. His local Coast Guard counterpart Rear Adm. Sandra Stosz also spoke at the breakfast. eres so much going on with our partnerships in the local area, said Stosz, superintendent of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy in New London. e program began with a group of Coast Guard midshipmen singing the national anthem and Navy Sailors posting the colors. Nearly 10,000 Navy personnel are assigned to 70 commands at Naval Submarine Base New London, the largest attack submarine base in the Atlantic eet. Area Navy personnel routinely collaborate with local businesses in support of the community. In October, Sailors helped Groton businesses set up tents, tables and chairs for the 8th Annual Fall Festival at Poquonnock Plains Park. Sailors are also scheduled to assist the business community with the 15th Annual Holiday Lights Parade in the Town of Groton, Dec. 7. Two local businesses were recognized for outstanding support to military members during the breakfast. Grotons Country Glenn Apartments was acknowledged for quality service to military families. Fields of Fire, a new paintball park in Mystic, was praised for its concerted eort to appeal to Sailors. Book a room at a Navy Lodge for extra holiday guests this year. Guests of the Navy Lodge save 45 percent compared to other hotels and there are no extra person charges. Navy Lodges are the perfect place for guests of military members to stay during the holidays, said Navy Lodge Kings Bay General Manager, Linda Bird. Navy Lodges offer a great value considering all the space, kitchen and other amenities we oer our guests. Guests will also enjoy a free breakfast in the morning along with free Internet access, in-room coee and newspaper. Every Navy Lodge guest room is oversized with queen-sized beds, cable TV with premium channels, a DVD/CD player, direct-dial telephone service, Internet access and a kitchenette complete with microwave, refrigerator and utensils. Navy Lodges also oer housekeeping service, vending machines, convenient on-base parking, video rental service and guest laundry facilities as well as handicapped accessible and all non-smoking rooms. Navy Lodges are conveniently located near other on base amenities, such as the gym, pool, restaurants and Navy Exchange. As an added convenience, select Navy Lodges allow dogs and cats up to 50 pounds in weight to stay when traveling with their owners. Check with the Navy Lodge for more details. To make a reservation for any of the 41 Navy Lodges worldwide, call toll free at (800) 628-9466 or log onto For other military lodging options, go to www. e Navy Exchange Service Command oversees 100 Navy Exchange facilities and nearly 300 stores worldwide; 40 Navy Lodges; Ships Stores; Uniform Program Management Oce; the Navy Clothing Textile and Research Facility and the Telecommunications Program Ofce. NEXCOMs mission is to provide authorized customers quality goods and services at a savings and to support quality of life programs for active duty military, retirees, reservists and their families. NEXs and Navy Lodges operate primarily as a nonappropriated fund business instrumentality. NEX revenues generated are used to support Morale, Welfare, and Recreation programs. In FY12, $2.8 billion in sales were generated with $45.9 million in dividends provided to Navy MWR programs. THEKINGS BA Y, GEORGIA Local news and views Naval Submarine Base, Kings Bay, Ga. e Camden-Kings Bay Council of the Navy League of the United States annual collection of personal care and other items for the annual visit to the Veterans Hospital in Lake City, Fla. begins Nov. 14. Items requested for donation include large print crossword, word search, Sudoku, etc. books; shampoo and conditioner; body wash; 3-pound canned coee; decks of cards; new board games; HE laundry detergent; and sugar-free candy. Donations, including cash which will be used to purchase additional items, can be dropped o at the Nov. 14 and Dec. 1 Council meetings. Donations are tax deductible. Navy League and community members who wish to donate items or cash, or who wish to participate in the Dec. 3 visit to the VA Hospital (transportation can be provided) should contact council president Dave Burch at (912) 674-4252. Additional information can be found on the council Web site at Submarine Base Kings Bays Commissary will be open normal hours Monday, Nov. 25 and closed anksgiving, Nov. 28, and Friday, Nov. 29.Valdosta State Universitys spring 2014 se mester starts with early registration Oct. 28 to Nov. 22. Spring 2014 A Term is Jan. 13 to March 6; Spring 2014 B Term is March 10 to May 8. Visit Valdosta State oce or make an appoint ment with Valdosta State Financial Aid Advisor if you are using VA/GI or FASFA ,to make sure you have the proper documents. It sometimes takes three to four weeks to receive these items, and the holidays could delay the process.During the holidays and due to on-base part ner schools being between terms, the base li brary will have adjusted hours as provided: Open: 3 to 9 p.m. Nov. 18 to 21 and Nov. 25, 26; noon to 6 p.m. Nov. 22; 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Dec. 2 to 5, 9 to 12, 16 to 19; 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Dec. 6, 10, 20.Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay Safety and Cape Fox will be conducting a Teen Driver Improvement class Dec. 27. Class, from 8 a.m. to approximately 1 p.m. at Fluckey Hall, Bldg. 1063, Room 127, is limited to 30; is open to dependents of active duty/reserve/retirees, as well as DOD civilians. Due to the high demand for this class if your signed-up teen driver cannot attend, call to cancel so another future driver can be signed up. Teen drivers/ future drivers need to have either their license or permit and something to write with. is class does not fulll any of the State of Georgia requirements for teen drivers but may help with insurance depending on your insurance provider. To sign up, call Dean Merrill or Russ Prothero at (912) 573-2525 or (912) 573-0414.Naval Branch Health Clinic Kings Bay is now providing annual inuenza vaccine to service members, retirees and families. patients can walk-in for u vaccine 7 a.m. to 3 p.m., Monday through Friday. Flu vaccine walk-ins will be conducted from 7 to 11 a.m. only, on the last Friday of each month, to facilitate command training. For more information, visit www.cdc. gov. To nd out more about NBHC Kings Bay, visit the command Web site at mil/sites/NavalHospitalJax. There is lost and abandoned property, such as watches, rings and cell phones, at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay Navy Security. If you have any information reference to any items, contact Detective Michael Palmer, Monday through Friday, at (912) 573-9343 or by e-mail, Habitat Ride to Build Poker Run, benefitting Habitat for Humanity of Camden County, will be Nov. 16. The ride begins and ends at VFW of Kingsland. Cost is $20 for rider and one passenger, one poker hand, cookout, music. For more information, contact Haylinder at (912) 552-4563.e upbeat music, lively dancing, rugged Highland games and cuisine of the colorful Celtic culture will be oered at the Jacksonville Celtic Festival, a free event noon to 10 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 16 at the oceanfront SeaWalk Pavilion, 75 1st St. N., Jacksonville Beach, Fla. For more information, visit Now hear this! Navy Lodge oers holiday values Navy Lodge Navy commands worldwide will soon receive a letter requesting donations of Navy ball caps to support the Navys Caps for Kids program. Administered by the Navy Oce of Community Outreach in Memphis, Tenn., the Caps for Kids program is entering its 16th year as one of the Navys most consequential outreach programs. Since 1999, Navy commands have donated thousands of unit ball caps, which are then presented by Sailors to children who are ghting serious illnesses in hospitals across the country. e program is made possible exclusively through donations from wardrooms, Chiefs messes, rst class associations, spouse clubs and similar organizations throughout the Navy. A typical Caps for Kids visit involves a small group of Sailors visiting up to 50 children who are inpatients in a childrens hospital. Sailors present the caps to the children and spend time talking with and encouraging them. NAVCO coordinates between 2550 Caps for Kids visits each year, making all the arrangements for the visit and sending donated ball caps to inland Navy activities across the country to present them. NAVCO also supports units wishing to use their own ball caps, rather than sending them to NAVCO, to conduct a visit independently at a childrens hospital near their units homeport. For all visits, NAVCO provides advice and guidance to ensure the program is carried out in accordance with all applicable instructions and guidelines, particularly those related to patient privacy. Caps for Kids is not only one of our most successful outreach programs, it is also one of the most personally rewarding programs, said Cmdr. Kim Marks, NAVCO director. Nothing beats the feeling you get from the kids smiles when you give them a command ball cap. According to Gary Ross, the NAV CO Caps for Kids program manager, approximately 1,000 ball caps are needed to sustain the program for an entire year. However, he added that no donation is too small, and even the gift of a single ball cap can make a dierence in the life of a sick child. Commands interested in making a donation to the Caps for Kids program can send them by mail to: Navy Oce of Community Outreach Attn: Caps for Kids Program 5722 Integrity Dr., BLDG 456-3 Millington, TN 38054 For more information on the Caps for Kids Program, contact NAVCO at (901) 874-5800 or for Kids program underway Caps for Kids Groton breakfast honors Sailors Military Appreciation went a wide range of maintenance operations and renovations to extend the ships service life. is included the removal and replacement of dated systems and equipment, upgrades to improve readiness and countless material inspections to ensure the ship would meet all of its future operational commitments. West Virginia now prepares to transfer from Submarine Squadron 16 to Submarine Squadron 20 and resume its mission as a primary leg of the nations strategic deterrent Triad. To do this eectively, Boomers divide their crews to maintain a deployment schedule that keeps the submarine at sea six out of seven months and sustains a quality of life for Sailors and their families. West Virginia is the third U.S. Navy ship to be named for the Mountaineer State.Command


According to the American Diabetes Association, nearly 26 million children and adults in the U.S. have diabetes, and another 79 million have prediabetes glucose (sugar) levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. November is designated as American Diabetes Month, with Nov. 14 being World Diabetes Day themed Protect our Future. is years focus raises awareness to the evergrowing incidence of diabetes and directing attention to issues surrounding it, the many people impacted and resources available to help. Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the bodys ability to produce and or use insulin, the hormone needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy to sustain the body each day. ADA recognizes three types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and gestational. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, thirst, extreme fatigue, blurry vision and weight loss to name a few. Type 1, previously known as juvenile diabetes, often runs in families. Although it can occur at any age, it usually presents before 40 years of age. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin, due to an autoimmune process which destroys the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. Treatment of this type is usually through careful dieting, insulin injections and regular blood glucose monitoring. Type 2, formerly known as adult onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes and is due either the lack of insulin production and/or the cells are not reacting to insulin. Risk factors include obesity, race/ethnicity (African American, Native American, Pacic Islander, Asian and Hispanic), family history, over 40 years of age and sedentary lifestyles. Treatment of this type includes weight loss, proper dieting, regular exercise and blood glucose monitoring. Some cases may require oral medications or insulin injections. Gestational diabetes is when pregnant women show signs of high blood glucose levels, usually around the 24th week of pregnancy. is diagnosis doesnt mean that one has had, or will have diabetes afterbirth. Risk factors include women over 25 years of age, obesity, family or personal history and race. Treatment includes frequent monitoring of blood glucose, proper dieting, regular exercise and close monitoring of unborn child. Diabetes screenings should be considered in younger adults and children who are overweight or obese, or who are at high risk for diabetes based on risk factors. Given the lower incidence of type 1 diabetes, there is no consensus to screen. Screening is based on individual risk factors or concerning symptoms. Screening for type 2 diabetes should be considered in all adults 45 years of age and older. ere are several blood tests to diagnose diabetes: A1C, fasting glucose, oral glucose tolerance test and random glucose test, said Cmdr. Julie Lundstad, Naval Hospital (NH) Jacksonvilles Diabetes Nurse Educator. ere must be a second test same test or a dierent one conducted on a dierent day to conrm the diagnosis. Denial about the diagnosis of diabetes and risk of complications is common among patients. is may be partly due to the fact that diabetes symptoms arent painful, like chest pain with heart attacks. But the truth is, that uncontrolled diabetes (high blood sugars) can cause complications such as heart disease, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease and lowerlimb amputation, added Lundstad. Diabetes is a serious disease. Regular checkups and eye exams are vital to diagnosing diabetes or managing your health. Establish a relationship with your diabetes educator and ask for help when needed. For more information about American Diabetes Month, go to or talk to your primary care manager. Naval Branch Health Clinic Kings Bay is one of NH Jacksonvilles six health care facilities located across Florida and Georgia. Of NH Jacksonvilles patient population about 163,000 active and retired sailors, soldiers, Marines, airmen, guardsmen and their families more than 57,000 are enrolled with a primary care manager at one of its facilities. To nd out more about NBHC Kings Bay, visit the command Web site at NavalHospitalJax. Diabetes in spotlight Commercial, civilian and military satellites provide crucial real-time information essential to providing strategic national security advantages. e current generation of satellite launch vehicles, however, is expensive to operate, often costing hundreds of millions of dollars per ight. Moreover, U.S. launch vehicles y only a few times each year and normally require scheduling years in advance, making it extremely dicult to deploy satellites without lengthy pre-planning. Quick, aordable and routine access to space is increasingly critical for Defense Department operations. To help address thiss, DARPA has established the Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) program. e program aims to develop a fully reusable unmanned vehicle that would provide aircraft-like access to space. e vehicle is envisioned to operate from a clean pad with a small ground crew and no need for expensive specialized infrastructure. is would enable daily operations and ights from a wide range of locations. XS-1 seeks to deploy small satellites faster and more aordably, while demonstrating technology for next-generation space and hypersonic ight for both government and commercial users. XS-1 envisions that a reusable rst stage would y to hypersonic speeds at a suborbital altitude. At that point, one or more expendable upper stages would separate and deploy a satellite into Low Earth Orbit. e reusable hypersonic aircraft would then return to earth, land and be prepared for the next ight. Modular components, durable thermal protection systems and automatic launch, ight, and recovery systems should signicant ly reduce logistical needs, enabling rapid turnaround between ights. Key XS-1 technical goals include ying 10 times in 10 days, achieving speeds of Mach 10-plus at least once and launching a representative payload to orbit. e program also seeks to reduce the cost of access to space for small, 3,000-to-5,000-pound, payloads by at least a factor of 10, to less than $5 million per ight. XS-1 would complement a DARPA program already researching satellite launch systems that aim to be faster, more convenient and more aordable. Unmanned space plane in planning THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 3


4 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013


THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 5


6 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 During Operation Desert Storm in January, 1991, coalition air forces concentrated on the destruction of enemy resources in Iraq and establishment of air superiority in the theater. ey also began a campaign to weaken Saddams eld army in Kuwait. e latter campaign reached a crescendo in midFebruary as Navy carrier planes, shore-based Marine aircraft and other coalition units eliminated tanks, artillery pieces, armored personnel carriers, surface-toair missile sites, headquarters, and fortied positions facing the coalitions combat divisions in northern Saudi Arabia. Army Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf was determined not to start the ground campaign until the enemy army had been badly hurt and its soldiers demoralized. He especially wanted to reduce the eectiveness of the multi-division Republican Guard Forces Command, Saddams elite corps and the mainstay of his regime. During Desert Storm, Navy and Marine Corps aviation squadrons operated 600 aircraft, roughly a third of the overall coalition air force, and executed approximately one third of the combat sorties. e Navy lost six air crewmen and six aircraft in the Persian Gulf War. eir contribution and that of their fellow Sailors on, over, and under the sea was vital to allied success. In addition to taking part in the air campaign, the Navy was also responsible for eliminating enemy naval forces in the northern Persian Gulf and convincing Saddam that the coalition intended to execute a major amphibious assault on the coast of Kuwait or Iraq. As this was underway, the Armys powerful VII Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps prepared for a massive, surprise attack on the enemys desert ank. Soon after the start of Desert Storm, U.S. and British naval forces launched an eort to neutralize the Iraqi navy, especially its thirteen fast craft armed with antiship missiles, and eliminate oil platforms occupied by enemy troops. U.S. Navy SH-60B LAMPS III, Royal Navy Lynx and U.S. Army OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed helicopters operating from the decks of allied surface ships coordinated with Navy SEALs, U.S. and Canadian xed-wing aircraft, and American, British and Kuwaiti warships in the sea control operation. Two days after the start of the air campaign, Cmdr. Dennis G. Morral, the Commanding Ofcer of the guided missile frigate USS Nicholas (FFG-47), led his ship and the Kuwaiti guided missile patrol boats Istiqlal and al-Sanbouk into the northern gulf near the platforms of the ad-Dorra oileld. On board the otilla were SEALs, a Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment, two LAMPS helicopters, and a pair of OH-58D helicopters. e Army helicopters discovered the presence on the platforms of Iraqi radars, guns, and armed troops. e Kuwaitis also reported seeing tracer re come from the site. Morrals group retired from the scene to assess the information but returned the following evening to take out the enemy forces. e Army helicopters, equipped with quiet engines, night vision devices, and Hellre laser guided missiles, glided unseen toward two occupied platforms. When the Kiowa Warriors were in range, Morral gave them order to open re. en Nicholas and Istiqlal moved close and opened up on seven other enemy positions with their guns and rockets. e devastating surprise attack killed ve Iraqi soldiers and quickly convinced the survivors to surrender. at night and the next day the allied naval force collected enemy weapons and 23 Iraqis, Desert Storms rst enemy prisoners of war. In later weeks, coalition naval units, including U.S. Marine forces, liberated Kuwaiti islands that had been occupied by the enemy. Coalition air forces also neutralized the Iraqi navy. One noteworthy action occurred on the night of Jan. 29, when a pair of USS Ranger A-6 Intruders ying near Bubiyan Island discovered an enemy presence below them. Cmdr. Richard Cassara, a bombadier/navigator in one of the attack jets, notied the pilot, Cmdr. Richard Noble, that he had picked up a big blip on his radar. On closer inspection, the blip turned into four naval vessels proceeding with lights out from Iraqi to Iranian waters at 15 to 18 knots. Once the aviators conrmed the identity of the contacts as Iraqi missile boats and received permission to open re, they and the other Intruder launched 500-pound laser guided bombs that stopped three of the boats dead in the water and set them are. A Canadian CF-18 joined the American planes and then strafed the fourth boat, which managed to limp to safety in Iran. is attack was the opening salvo of what became known as the Bubiyan Turkey Shoot, in which UN naval air forces destroyed or severely damaged numerous other Iraqi combatants and ended the surface threat. Free from this worry, Adm. Arthur deployed the Midway, Ranger, eodore Roosevelt and America, which was redeployed from the Red Sea, carrier battle groups further north in the gulf and nearer to Kuwait. Battleships USS Missouri (BB-63) and USS Wisconsin (BB-64), a 31-ship amphibious task force carrying two Marine expeditionary brigades and a smaller unit, and a otilla of U.S. and allied mine countermeasures ships also closed with the enemy-held coast. ese mine countermeasures ship were critical to the success of the naval operation, because the Iraqis had established a mineeld with almost 1,300 magnetic, acoustic, and other mines. e ships, and ship-based mine countermeasures helicopters, cleared lanes through what they believed were the mineelds. USS Tripoli (LPH-10) and USS Princeton (CG-59), however, while operating nearby, struck mines. No crewmen were killed but damage was massive. ese ships would have gone to the bottom if not for their sturdy construction and the professional skill of the damage control parties and their determination not to lose the ships. Despite the danger, coalition naval forces pressed on toward Kuwait. e two battleships shelled targets on the mainland and on the large island of Faylaka to soften up the enemys defenses. Another important goal was to help persuade Saddam that the accompanying amphibious task force was about to assault his army from the sea. For that same reason, after dark on the evening of Feb. 23 1991, four fast boats carrying SEALS from Task Force Mike of Capt. Ray Smiths Naval Special Warfare Group 1 deployed to a point o the coast of Iraqi-occupied Kuwait. Lt. omas Dietz and 14 of his men pushed and pulled three Zodiac rubber assault craft overboard and lled them with explosives and oating marker buoys. e group then silently pulled the craft to within 500 yards of the shore. At that point, six SEALs swam toward the beach, precisely placed the buoys as they had been trained to do for amphibious assaults, and set the charges for the explosive packages. When the entire party was safely recovered on board the speedboats, all waited for the appointed hour. Exactly at 1 a.m., on Feb. 24, 1991, the charges exploded and the SEALS opened up with machine guns and grenade launchers against Iraqi positions ashore. Soon afterward, air strikes called in by the naval commandos hit the enemy defenders. Even as the special warfare warriors retired from the area, satised with their nights work, other allied forces prepared to launch the long-awaited ground oensive into Kuwait. Early on Feb. 24, 1991, coalition ground forces, including the 1st and 2d Marine Divisions of General Boomers I Marine Expeditionary Force, smashed into the Iraqi army in Kuwait and southern Iraq. at day, the battleships increased the volume of their re and Marine ship-based helicopters ew directly toward the coast. Each of these actions designed to focus enemy eyes on the sea. To counter the expected landing, the Iraqis red two Silkworm missiles at USS Missouri; one fell harmlessly into the sea and the other was destroyed by two surface-to-air missiles red by British destroyer HMS Gloucester. Meanwhile, the seven enemy divisions positioned on the coast aimed their artillery out to sea and braced themselves for the U.S. Marine assault. It never came. By the early hours of Feb. 28, 1991, when the allies declared a cease-re, General Schwarzkopfs 500,000-man armored/ infantry force had destroyed the Iraqi army on the Saudi ArabiaKuwait border, liberated Kuwait City and soundly defeated Saddams vaunted Republican Guard armored divisions. e United States and the other nations of the UN coalition had accomplished the mission of restoring Kuwait to its rightful government. By maintain-Desert Storm frees Kuwait from Sadam The NavyIn the Cold WarEleventh & last in a series


ing a powerful presence in the region, continuing the seagoing embargo operation, and ying combat air patrols over Iraq in the years after the Gulf War, the U.S. Navy helped discourage the Iraqi dictator from launching other attacks on his neighbors. e U.S. Navy was vital to the accomplishment of American objectives in the Persian Gulf War, as it had been throughout the long and often bloody Cold War. Millions of Navy men and women braved the hazards of raging seas and tempestuous skies and endured years of service far from home and loved ones to serve their country in a time of real peril. ousands of Sailors paid with their lives to ensure that powerful adversaries dared not attack the United States; that other peoples and nations around the globe would have a chance to survive the onslaught of an ideology that respected neither life nor the most basic human rights; and that the world would be a better place for future generations of Americans. Cold War Native Americans have been serving in the United Stated military for more than 200 years. ey have made countless contributions and sacrices for our country one of the most prominent of those being the code talkers of World War II. During the beginning of WWII, Japanese troops were breaking American codes left and right giving them the ability to predict American actions ahead of time. is cost many lives. e codes had to be so complex to get around the Japanese that American troops were spending hours to transcribe a single message. Spending more time than they had on codes, the idea of using the Navajo language, a language with no alphabet, as a code was brought to the U.S. militarys attention. During a testing phase, under simulated combat conditions, the Navajo could encrypt, communicate and decipher English messages in 20 seconds a task that took machines at that time 30 minutes. In 1942, the rst 29 Navajo code talkers, made up of farmers and sheep herders, enlisted in the Marine Corps. Without birth certicates, men ranging from 15 to 35-years-old passed basic training with ease due to their desert upbringing. Following basic training, this rst group of Navajo created the code based on their language on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. e code was unwritten and had to be memorized before they deployed overseas. e code started at 200 terms and escalated to more than 600 by the end of the war. e Navajo messages only took seconds to communicate and were found to be unbreakable by the Japanese. e Navajo used their native terms to symbolize military terms that they resembled. For example, their term for turtle meant tank; and their term for chicken-hawk, bird that dives on its prey, for a divebomber. ey also used terms to symbolize letters that the English translation started with. For example, WoLa-Chee stood for ant and represented the letter A. During the rst two days of Iwo Jima, six Navajo Marines coded more than 800 transmissions. ey saved countless lives throughout WWII, with the accuracy, speed and complexity of their ability to transcribe the code. When asked why they enlisted, one Navajo Marine, Keith Little, explained they wanted to protect their people, land and country. When these Marines returned to the U.S. however, their contributions went unrecognized due to the secrecy of their code at the time. It wasnt until 2001 they were ocially recognized. e original 29 code talkers received the Congressional Gold Medal and approximately 250 other code talkers received the Congressional Silver Medal. Two of the Congressional Silver Medal recipients, Nelson Draper Sr. and Joe Morris, worked on Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, Calif., following their enlistment. Morris died in July, 2011 and Draper passed away September of this year. Marines and civilian employees on MCLB Barstow are encouraged to pay homage to these men and to all the Native American troops, past and present. According to the MARADMIN, one third of ablebodied Native American men joined the military during WWII, and American Indians have continuously served this nation with great honor. ey contribute daily to the success and legacy of the Corps. eir proud warrior tradition of service to this country exemplies the Marine Corps values of honor, courage and commitment. Navajo Marines spoke in unbreakable code veloping our follow-on Sea Based Strategic Deterrence, the Ohio Replacement Program. is years conference gave attendees the opportunity to participate in more in-depth discussions of critical Triad issues. Last year, previous discussions included a Task Force 21 sponsored event in Washington, D.C., in September and a visit to Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota last May. During the conference, Breckenridge explained the importance of strategic nuclear deterrence. I hope that this event will help our nations leaders focus on priorities and national will, he said. We, as the worlds most auent nation, need to have the national will to preserve the credibility of our strategic nuclear deterrence the ultimate safeguard of global security. Attendees had the opportunity to tour an Ohioclass submarine. Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay is one of only two locations that are home to Ohio-class Trident ballistic missile submarines.Triad THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 7


four permanent modular trainers to be built. e other three trainers purchased by CNIC will be located at Portsmouth, N.H.; Norfolk, Va. and Bangor, Wash. ese trainers, located in four dierent regions, will allow federal reghters, emergency services and outside agencies access to a proper trainer to increase operational capabilities in the event that a live incident or re occurs on a ship, said David Salerno, Assistant Fire Chief with Southwest Region Fire and Emergency Services. e major problems we have in ships or submarines is guring out where the re is internally, guring out where you are, and being able to deal with the horizontal and vertical passages that arent typical, said Salerno, who is also the NASNI training center manager and San Diego metro area training ocer. e accuracy of the submarines representation in the new trainer will provide reghters the best possible training available. e way this has been designed with the specifics in it that replicate the interior of a submarine, with submarine hatches, they can drill and train on those specics and get their skill level up so if they do have to respond in the dockyard theyll be ready for it, Cumming said. In addition to the hatches, the trainer has scuttles, grates, a galley, a main space, electrical panels, cable trays and simulated wires throughout bulkheads, said Mike Tenney, a captain with Federal Fire Department San Diego stationed at Naval Base Point Loma Fire Station 111. is gives our reght ers an opportunity to gure out ahead of time, before theyre actually in a real re, how to navigate their way through a ship, Salerno said. It provides a large measure of realism that will be taken with each of those reghters when they go to the real re. Tenney, a former damage controlman in the Navy, understands the diculty of navigating through a ship or submarine without previous shipboard experience. A lot of the guys havent been on ships, they havent been in the Navy, so this is going to teach them the tactics needed in assisting the ships crew with shipboard reghting, Tenney said. is is going to give great awareness to people that dont have much experience. When ghting a re in the dockyard, typically, the ships force begins the process. ey determine where the re is, set their boundaries, and start the re attack. However, if they realize they need more resources to deal with the incident, the base re departments are called in and respond to the situation, Salerno said. Now that we have this trainer we have something thats specic to our needs, something we can internally develop training objectives to and then train to those objectives on a schedule that works for us on a regular basis, Salerno said. It will make us innitely more eective when were actually ghting a re on a ship. Training in the new facility has already begun, with scenarios designed to push the capabilities of the trainees. Two classes of reghters completed a two-day course on Oct. 29 and Oct. 31, respectively, to become instructors on the new trainer, familiarizing themselves with the various operations and safety features of the facility. While the reghters continue to train and acclimate themselves to the unique challenges of shipboard reghting, the Navy will reap the benet of having its base and local re departments better equipped to handle ship and submarine res thanks to its new reghting trainers. Trainer keep track of donations. ey do all of it out of the kindness of their hearts and Im very appreciative of them. No specic dollar amount goals set, but there is a 100 percent contact goal for all Keypersons. When you visit the different bases and you see the CFC thermometers up, you see the generosity of the people. e key is communication, getting the word out to ensure people understand what the CFC is all about and how the program works, Williamson said. With hundreds of organizations available to donate to, federal employees who dont have a choice can review agencies in the CFC program guide, including the percentage of funds that go to administrative costs. is enables contributors to discern between charities based on their preferences and priorities. e ones that particularly resonate with me are educational organizations, Williamson said. My parents instilled in me the value of education at a very young age. From the military standpoint, there are dierent programs our members can benet from to get an education. But there are many people who may not get the opportunities that the military oers. I think the opportunity of education enriches lives and betters communities. For those not in the military, who arent blessed with a lot of money and need a scholarship opportunity, hopefully donating to these organizations will give them a chance at better education. Individuals can donate to CFC with cash or by pledging a specic amount to be withheld from their pay beginning in January 2014. Many commands also hold special fundraising events to benet the CFC drive. Command involvement and leadership are es sential ingredients to mak ing the campaign successful. For more information on the CFC drive, contact your command Keyperson. CFC 8 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013


Up eriscope with Bill Wesselho My dad has to be my favorite veteran. His favorite, incidentally, was Chesty Puller. My aunt once said the only things dad loved were mom, football and the Corps. Now my father was not your typical television dad, unless you want to count R. Lee Ermey. And, hey, who wouldnt want to spend 18 years in Marine Corps Boot Camp? OK, it wasnt that bad. Lets just leave it at dad could be a little demanding at times. Still, I miss him, and my mom, every day.Im asking, Who is your favorite veteran?LSC Reginald Simmons Retired Navy Daytona Beach, Fla. Colin Powell, because of the influential person he is, his leadership and management skills in the Army and how active he is in political, strategic, military affairs. Lance Cpl. Edward Pierce Marine Corps Security Force Battalion Pittsburgh Chesty Puller. Being a Marine, I look up to him and aspire to be like him. Brenda Anderson Family member Brunswick My two brothers who were in the Air Force Howard K. Trimmins and Dr. Kenneth C. Trimmins. Lance Cpl. Devon Jones Marine Corps Security Force Battalion Hillman, Mich. My grandpa, Clinton. He was in the Army. ET3 Evan Pennington USS Wyoming Blue Palm Beach, Fla. The person who inspired me to join the Navy, Bill Edwards, a retired SeaBee. He was in World War II and did ops overseas. Ensign John Paul Monreal-Berner Coast Guard Sector Jax Niles, Ill. My grandfather, Stephan Berner. Hes deceased now, but he was in the Army Air Corps during World War II. Pirates Cove Galley menus THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 9


10 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 Fall Camp Registration is at the Youth Center. Camp runs from Nov. 25 to 29, but is closed anksgiving. Camp is for kindergartener to 12-year-olds. SAC patrons, single/dual military, wounded/fallen warriors, and IAs registration began Nov. 4. Active duty with working or student spouse and DoD employees, registration begins Nov. 12 and DoD Contractors and all others will start Nov. 18. Register 8 a.m. to noon, Monday to Friday. Cost is based on total family income. Most recent LES/pay stub for sponsor and spouse or student letter of enrollment must be provided. Birth certicate must be available for conrmation of age. IAs must provide orders. Single/Dual Military must provide dependent care form at time of registration. No outside food allowed. Breakfast, lunch and snack will be provided. For more information, call (912) 573-2380. Navy Child & Youth programs welcome children of all abilities. Free Movies for the Kids Weekend Movies at 1 p.m. for November are Hotel Transylvania Nov. 16 and 17, Despicable Me 2 Nov. 23 and 24 and Turbo Nov. 30 and Dec. 1. Movie schedule is listed in Facebook under the events tab on mwrkingsbay page. All youth under 18 years of age must be accompanied by a parent or adult. Snacks foods and beverages are available for purchase. If 15 minutes after the scheduled start time no one comes in, the movie area will be available for open viewing. For the latest information, call (912) 573-4548. Winter Break 2013 at the Youth Center Camp runs Dec. 23 to Jan. 10, but is closed Christmas Day and New Years Day, for kindergarteners to 12 years old. SAC patrons, single/ dual military, wounded/fallen warriors, and IAs registration begins Dec. 2. Active duty with working or student spouse and DoD employees, registration begins Dec. 9 and DoD contrac tors and all others will start on Dec. 16. Register 8 a.m. to noon and 1 to 5:30 p.m. Monday to Friday, except holidays. Cost is based on total family income. Most recent LES/pay stub for sponsor and spouse or student letter of enrollment must be pro vided. Birth certificate must be available for confirmation of age. IAs must provide orders. Single/ Dual Military must provide dependent care form at time of registration. Breakfast, lunch and snacks will be provided. No outside food allowed. For more information, call (912) 573-2380. Navy Child & Youth programs welcome children of all abilities. The Combined Federal Campaign season has started Kings Bays Child and Youth Program team are two of the organizations you can support with your giving. e num bers are Youth Center School Age Care #37328 and Child Development Center #47018. Morale, Welfare and Recreation happenings Wob-Gob 5K date changed Just for kids Youth Camp signup going Intramural Sports e Wobble Gobble 5K Run is Wednesday, Nov. 20 at the Kings Bay Fitness Complex. Sign-ups start at 6:30 a.m. with the race beginning at 7 a.m. Bring a canned food item for donation, which will benet Camden House. For more information call (912) 573-3990. Military Family Appreciation Day Its 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., Saturday, Nov. 16 at Under the Pines Park. Food available for purchase. Hay rides, face painting, archery tag, arts & crafts booths and games, plus the Fun Zone for $3 with unlimited use bounce houses, giant slide, rock wall, halo jumper and obstacle course. Music by Navy Pride Rock Band. A Command Barbecue Challenge judging with details on Facebook and in command work are. For more information, call (912) 573-4564. Ten Dollar Tuesday At Rack-N-Roll Lanes from 5 to 9 p.m., Tuesday nights $10 will get you shoes and all the bowling you can handle. Camping 101 Navy Adventures Unleashed has a simple camping adventure at Etowah Park. All Military, Defense Department and families are welcome from 3 p.m., Saturday, Nov. 16 to 10 a.m., Sunday, Nov. 17. Tents and camping supplies avail able while supplies last at Outdoor Adventures or bring your own. Dinner on Saturday and breakfast on Sunday provided. Bring other food as wanted. Demonstrations, adventure games, Smores and more. For more information, call NAU at (912) 5738103. Golf is ready for the holidays Trident Lakes Golf Club is offering some great stocking stuffers for the holidays. During November Punch Card Blow-Out offers military 12 rounds of 18 holes for $100. All others pay $125. Green fees only. Add $100 to your purchase and you get your cart too. Also during November, buy any monthly or annualy membership and receive a free Range Membership to match. Magnolias of Kings Bay Beautiful and spacious rooms are available to make your next event perfect. Its never too early to plan your event, wedding or holiday party. Stop by and check it out. Someone always is ready to assist you with your special occasion. Contact Magnolias at (912) 573-4559. Tae Kwon Do Its at the Fitness Complex Tuesdays and Thursdays, 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. for 7 year olds and under, 6:15 to 7:15 p.m. for 8 to 12 and 7:15 to 8:30 p.m. 13 to adult. For more information, call (912) 573-3990. Dominos Like Kings Bay Dominos on Facebook to receive code phrases, daily specials, upcoming events and corporate promos. (912) 5105400. kingsbaydominos. Liberty call Fleet & Family Support Center workshops FFSC will take most of its regular workshops on the road if a unit can furnish a conference room or classroom and guarantee a minimum of ve participants. Additionally, personnel will tailor presentations to cover a units General Military Training requirements when those requirements deal with human resources and social issues. Counselors also can create a presentation in response to a units area of special concerns. Personnel are available to participate within areas of expertise in the indoctrination of newly assigned personnel and family members of active duty personnel. All classes listed here are held at the Fleet and Family Support Center, unless otherwise noted. Hours are 8 4:30 p.m., Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays and 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., ursdays. Are you frustrated with your children? Would you like suggestions on how to stop temper tantrums or how to get your teen to complete chores without asking them 14 times? We believe parents are the experts on their children. But, children dont come with a manual! So, sometimes you need help to figure out what to do with them. Meet with the parenting class from 9 to 11:30 a.m. on Mondays, Nov. 18 and 25. Enrollment in this six-week class is ongoing. Attendees must complete all six weeks in order to receive a certificate. A minimum of six participants is needed in order for a new class to start. Registration required at 573-4512. A New Moms and Dads Support Group meets every Tuesday at the Fleet and Family Support Center. These work shops are scheduled for 10 a.m. to noon, Nov. 12, 19 and 26. This workshop is an opportunity to share experiences, meet and gain support from others, and exchange new ideas. To register, call 573-4512. A Department of Veterans Affairs representative for Kings Bay is in the office from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Thursdays. Appointments are required. Service members wishing to par ticipate in the Benefits Delivery at Discharge program should be within 60 to 180 days of discharge or retirement and be available for an exam by the VA. To set up an appointment, call Katherine Fernandez at 573-4506. Anger is not an effective method for getting what you want and is often a smoke screen for other emotions. This workshop is slated for 8:30 a.m. to noon, Nov. 27. It can help you focus on identifying the feel ings anger hides and explore behaviors helpful in resolving primary issues. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details. Events, schedules, daily pressure and many other items can cause undo stress in your life. Stress may or may not be good for your health depending on how you manage that stress. This workshop is slated for 1 to 4 p.m., Nov. 21. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details. Smooth Move Workshops are designed to help person nel with military relocations and transfers. Areas covered include transportation, travel pay, allowances, and important forms and documents, housing referral office and relocation services. All service members and their spouses are encouraged to attend six months before their transfer date. Due to limited seating, please do not bring children. The workshop will be for CONUS moves 10 a.m. to noon, Nov. 21 and for OCONUS moves 2 to 4 p.m., Nov. 26. For more information, call 573-4513. Transition GPS is a seminar for those separating, retiring or contemplating leaving the military. The five day seminar provides information on ben efits, job search skills, employment resources, resume writing, interviewing and other skills. Spouses are encouraged to attend. Separation Transition GPS is 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Nov. 18 to 22. You must be registered by Command Career Counselor. For more information, call 5734513. A job search workshop will be 10 a.m. to noon, Nov. 13. It provides an overview of local and national employment trends and recommends strategies to expand your job search network. Open to active duty, retired, reserve and separating military and family members of relocating civil service personnel. Registration is required, call 573-4513. The goal of Spouse Indoctrination is to educate the participant on the numerous resources that are available to them while stationed at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. This class hosts 20-plus speakers who provide information and answer any questions. This class will be 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Nov. 27. To register, call 573-4513. Do you have trouble mak ing it from one paycheck to the next? This workshop can help you develop a realistic spending plan and create a family budget. This class will be 9 to 11 a.m., Nov. 20. Call 573-4513 for more information. In this workshop, you gain information on the federal employment process, salaries and benefits. Learn how to interpret job announcements and determine whether you are eligible to apply. Attendees will be provided guidelines, informa tion, samples and tips on completing the electronic Federal resume. Class is 1 to 4 p.m., Nov. 20. Registration required by calling 573-4513. The Ombudsman Assembly Meeting will be held for all OMB, COs, XOs, CMCs and COBs at the Kings Bay Community Center at 6 p.m., Nov. 25. For more information, contact at 573-4513.


THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 11 e Royal Australian Navy attache to the United States visited Recruit Training Command Oct. 31 to Nov. 1. Commodore Steve R. W. McDowell toured RTCs state-of-the art facilities and served as the reviewing ocer for the weekly Pass-In-Review graduation in RTCs Midway Ceremonial Drill Hall, during which 1,001 recruits, after completing all recruit training requirements, ofcially became Sailors. I was really looking forward to this visit on so many levels. Its a great honor and privilege to be not only the reviewing ocer but to also be able to see so many ne young United States men and women and their families, McDowell said. ey have really achieved something in their lives and its really terric to see. McDowell congratulated the RTC sta and leadership, and told the recruits to feel proud of their training, proud of the petty ocers, chief petty ocers and ocers that mentored and trained them and to continue to feel the pride of service as they move on in their Navy careers. Each of you, like our Australian men and women that join our respective navies have selessly answered the call to duty, to serve a cause greater than yourselves. ere is no ner calling and you should all feel proud, as I do, of your service. McDowell had the opportunity to sit and talk with many of the graduating recruits at a Pizza Night the night before graduation in the USS Arizona recruit barracks dinning facility. Pizza Night is a congratulatory and more relaxed dinner where recruits can unwind with each other, knowing in less than 24 hours, they will be graduating from the Navys only boot camp. I was interested in what they thought of the process of (going through recruit training) and what they thought were the highlights and lowlights. I was staggered by the responses I received as every answer began with we rather than me And that really said volumes for how they all really rose to the challenge of becoming part of the Navy team, McDowell said. McDowell also had the chance to tour some of RTCs most distinctive structures including the 173,000 square-foot, three-story physical tness training facility, Freedom Hall. He also toured other RTC facilities, including the USS Arizona recruit barracks and the USS Trayer (BST 21), the Navys largest simulator. e 210-foot-long Arleigh Burke-class destroyer replica Trayer is home of Battle Stations 21, which is the culmination of eight weeks of training by recruits. Battle Stations 21 is a grueling 12-hour test of a recruits skills in several shipboard scenarios, including reghting, combatting ooding and transporting casualties. I loved the whole experience, he said. I saw the combination of the recruits graduating, their families and the sta and the genuine commitment to one another and the team. It was really emotional to see that and was terric. RTC is primarily responsible for conducting the initial orientation and training of new recruits. e command is commonly is referred to as boot camp or recruit training and has been in operation at Great Lakes since 1911. Boot camp is approximately eight weeks, and all enlistees into the United States Navy begin their careers at the command. Training includes physical tness, seamanship, rearms, reghting and shipboard damage control and lessons in Navy heritage and core values, teamwork and discipline. Since the closure of RTCs in Orlando and San Diego in 1994, RTC Great Lakes is now the Navys only basic training location, and is known as e Quarterdeck of the Navy. Today, more than 40,000 recruits graduate annually from RTC and begin their Navy careers. RTC is overseen by Naval Service Training Command, headquartered in Building 1; the historic clock tower building on Naval Station Great Lakes, Ill. NSTC oversees 98 percent of initial ocer and enlisted accessions training for the Navy. NSTC also includes the Naval Reserve Ocers Training Corps at more than 160 colleges and universities, OTC Newport, and Navy Junior Reserve Ocers Training Corps and Navy National Defense Cadet Corps citizenship development programs at more than 600 high schools worldwide. e nation lost a great hero with the passing of retired Air Force Brig. Gen. James Robinson Robbie Risner, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Oct. 25. Risner, a highly decorated ghter pilot who served in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War during his 30year military career, died Oct. 22 at age 88 at his home in Bridgewater, Va., following a stroke. Hagel said in a statement that he was deeply saddened by the passing of Robbie Risner earlier this week, and my heart goes out to Dorothy and the entire Risner family. Hagels statement continued: I have known and admired Robbie for many years, and was always moved by his unwavering spirit and love of country. He served in the U.S. Air Force for more than 30 years seven of which he endured as a prisoner of war in Vietnam, facing relentless torture and extended periods of solitary connement at the so-called Hanoi Hilton. Robbies constant resistance in the face of his captors served as an inspiration not only to his fellow prisoners of war, but millions of Americans around the country. While our nation has lost a great hero, Robbie, like all American prisoners of war, will never be forgotten. During his military career, Risner had earned the Air Force Cross twice over, once for valor in aerial combat and again for gallantry after spending seven years as a prisoner of war. After being stationed in Panama during World War II, Risner spent several years as a civilian. He returned to active duty in 1951, ying F-86E Sabre jets into combat against MiG-15s over Korea. He became a jet ace after shooting down ve MiGs within four months of joining his combat unit. He ultimately ew 108 missions during the Korean War and downed a total of eight MiG-15s. In one notable exploit, Risner chased a MiG 35 miles into China, hugging riverbeds and threading through hangars at a Chinese air base before nally shooting the plane down, where it crashed into a row of parked jets. On the return ight, Risners wingman was hit and leaking fuel. To help him reach friendly territory, Risner inserted the nose of his aircraft into the tail of his wingmans plane and pushed him out over the East China Sea. e wingman was able to bail out near a United Nations rescue base, but unfortunately drowned when he became entangled in his parachute lines. During combat over North Vietnam, Risner earned his rst Air Force Cross after leading two missions to destroy a strategically important bridge. e ensuing air battle marked the rst time U.S. jets fought against the MiG-17 and led to signicant changes in Air Force doctrine. Risner was featured on the April 23, 1965, cover of Time magazine following the battle. e rst time Risner was shot down by the North Vietnamese, on March 16, 1965, he was rescued after bailing out over the Gulf of Tonkin. Six months later, he was shot down again and captured. During his time as a prisoner, Risner served as the senior ocer at Hoa Lo Prison the infamous Hanoi Hilton and as the vice commander of the 4th Allied POW Wing. In an article for Air Force News Service, Gen. Mark A. Welsh III, the Air Force chief of sta, described the events that unfolded after Risner organized a forbidden church service. As their captors led Risner away, Col. Bud Day and the more than 40 other POWs in the room began singing e Star-Spangled Banner to show their support. Hearing the deant singing, Risner walked away with his back straight, head held high, full of pride. When asked later how he felt at that moment, Risner said, I felt like I was 9 feet tall and could go bear hunting with a switch. at moment and his words are reected by a statue, exactly 9 feet high, that now stands at the U.S. Air Force Academy. Day spoke at the unveiling of the statue, saying, We knew he was, in fact, 9 feet tall. is is a life-size statue. Risner spent seven years as a POW in North Vietnam three in solitary connement before being released in 1973. He retired from the Air Force in 1976. He later authored a book about his experiences, e Passing of the Night: My Seven Years as a Prisoner of the North Vietnamese. Navy College information AF hero Risner mourned Australian visits boot camp


12 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 Ingham served 52 years Surrounded by turquoise waters and nestled in a corner of Key West, Fla., the 327-foot Coast Guard Cutter Ingham proudly displays the services colors and is a reminder of the rich history of the U.S. Coast Guard. Commissioned Sept. 12, 1936, Ingham served 52 years throughout the Atlantic and Pacic oceans and participated in both World War II and the Vietnam War. In 1985, Ingham became the oldest active duty and most decorated naval ship serving the nation.b Upon its decommissioning May 27, 1988, Ingham was donated to the Patriots Point Museum in Charleston, S.C. Berthed alongside other notable naval vessels such as the USS Yorktown, Ingham found itself forgotten in history, slowly slipping away with time. However, in 2009, Ingham received a new lease on life and was transferred to its new home in Key West and opened as the U.S. Coast Guard Ingham Memorial Museum. Upon departure from Patriots Point, the cutter completed a period in dry dock to repair, preserve and document its underbody hull condition. Despite extensive work on the ship, there is still work to be done and the Ingham is in a constant state of restoration in Key West. During a recent midpatrol break, the crew of Coast Guard Cutter Decisive provided much needed support for a multitude of restoration and repair projects. Decisive crewmembers overhauled the emergency diesel generators cooling water pump, repaired the ships log ofce air conditioner, polished and restored bridge equipment, removed trash and completed general clean-up and organization of the many spaces around the ship. Decisives crewmembers were astonished to nd the functionality that still ex ists aboard the Ingham af ter having been out of ser vice for more than 25 years. I was actually shocked at the overall condition of the ship. For it to have been decommissioned in 1988, it still looks amazing, said Petty Ocer 1st Class Travis Moncrief, a yeoman aboard the Decisive. Many of Decisives engineers took part in the restoration of the decommissioned cutters antiquated systems. It was a pleasure to participate in the restoration of a Treasury-Class cutter, said Petty Ocer 2nd Class Chase Spitzkopf, an engineer aboard the Decisive. I hope that our volunteer work encourages fellow shipmates to do the same and I cant wait to go back. With a vast network of Ingham sailors and supporters spread out across the country, the museum sta ensured the Decisive crews eort was documented and placed on the museums Facebook page. Many of those who once called Ingham home expressed their gratitude with keeping the cutters legacy alive and preserving it for tomorrow. It was truly an honor and a privilege to have the opportunity to assist the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Ingham Memorial Museum, said Cmdr. Mark Walsh, Decisives commanding ocer. Inghams legacy lives through todays cutter eet and those cuttermen and women who diligently carry out the mission every day. North Dakota christened e Navys 11th Virginia-class attack submarine was christened in Groton, Conn., Nov. 2, during a late-morning ceremony at the General Dynamics Electric Boat shipyard. e ceremony marked the ocial naming of Pre-Commissioning Unit (PCU) North Dakota (SSN 784). e ship is under construction by both GDEB and Newport News Shipbuilding, a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries, through a teaming arrangement. Ship sponsor Katie Fowler, wife of retired Vice Adm. Je Fowler, was on hand to ocially christen the submarine by breaking a bottle of sparkling wine against the back of the boats sail. In the name of the United States, I christen thee North Dakota. May God bless her and all that sail in her, said Mrs. Fowler just before giving the bottle a brisk swing. During keynote remarks, Commander Submarine Forces Vice Adm. Michael Connor told more than 4,500 dignitaries, Sailors, and shipyard personnel in attendance that the Navy needs the nuclear-powered attack submarine as soon as practical. e Submarine Force eagerly awaits the day when USS North Dakota will assume the watch and establish a legendary reputation worthy of the name North Dakota, Connor said. eres still much to be done, and there is not a moment to lose. PCU North Dakota is the second Navy ship named after the 39th state. e rst was a Delaware-class dreadnought battleship. SSN 784s name was chosen in honor of North Dakotas proud military heritage. Seventeen North Dakotans have been awarded the Medal of Honor for actions in combat. In future years, the attack submarine will deliver speed, agility, stealth, endurance and repower to combatant commanders directing U.S. military operations around the globe. Virginia-class subs have improved stealth and sophisticated surveillance capabilities. eir special warfare enhancements enable them to meet multiple mission requirements. North Dakota will be able to attack targets ashore with highly accurate Tomahawk cruise missiles and conduct covert long-term surveillance of land areas, littoral waters or other sea-based forces. Its reactor plant is designed so that it will not require refueling during the planned life of the ship, reducing lifecycle costs while increasing time at sea. North Dakotas construction will continue during the next few months as its 138 crewmembers prepare to evaluate the ships seaworthiness and operational performance during sea trials. e Navy and the nation count on our submarine force to deliver relevant and powerful capabilities where and when it matters, and nothing is more important to meeting that commitment than building the most capable submarines in the world, said Rear Adm. Ken Perry, commander, Submarine Group 2. In addition to surveillance missions, North Dakota will be able to perform anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare; deliver and support special forces; and conduct mine delivery and mineeld mapping operations. Every phase of submarine construction requires world-class expertise and close partnership, and todays christening at Electric Boat signies a key milestone in that partnership toward delivering North Dakota to the eet, Perry added. PCU North Dakota is scheduled ocially join the Navy eet once commissioned in early 2014. e submarine measures 377 feet in length and has a beam of 34 feet. It will displace 7,800 tons and be capable of operating at more than 25 knots under water. e U.S. military will remain an essential tool of American power in 21st century foreign policy, a tool that must be used wisely, precisely and judiciously, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said in Wahsington, Nov. 5. Delivering the keynote address at the Center for Strategic and International Studies Global Security Forum, the secretary said most of the centurys pressing security challenges have important diplomatic, national and global economic and cultural components that cannot and will not be resolved by military strength alone. As we go forward into a historically unpredictable world, Hagel added, we need to place more emphasis on our civilian instruments of power while adapting our military [to] remain strong, capable, second to none, and relevant in the face of threats markedly dierent from what shaped it during the Cold War and over the past two decades. Americas hard power always will be critical to fashioning enduring solutions to global problems, the secretary said, but success ultimately depends on all instruments of power working together, on how well such instruments are maintained and funded, and on how well they are balanced and integrated. President [Barack] Obamas resolve to take military action to respond to the Assad regimes use of chemical weapons helped create an opening for diplomacy with Russia, which weve pursued, Hagel said. at, he added, led to a U.N. Security Council resolution and to the involvement of the Organization for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons inspectors on the ground in Syria who are working to oversee the removal and destruction of chemical weapons. We are on a course to eliminate one of the largest stockpiles of chemical weapons in the world, the secretary said. DOD, which has maintained and will continue to maintain military pressure on the Assad regime, developed the technology that may be used to destroy these chemical weapons, he said. We may have another possibility with Iran, where we are engaging on a diplomatic path to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, the secretary said, adding that along the way the United States will maintain a strong, ready military presence in the Persian Gulf and the broader Middle East to deter Irans destabilizing activities and work with and protect U.S. allies and interests. Hagel said the multidimensional challenges confronting the United States in Iran and Syria are but two aspects of the global complexity already apparent in the early years of the 21st century. Among the trends are shifting geopolitical centers of gravity that reect astounding diusion of economic power and sweeping demographic change, he said. China, India, Brazil and Indonesia are all helping reshape the global economy, Hagel added. Regional powers like Turkey are maturing and asserting greater independence from traditional allies and patrons. e Asia-Pacic region has taken on an even greater prominence in global politics, commerce and security. Latin America and Africa will develop and strengthen, he said, becoming important leaders in building a secure and prosperous 21st century. Cyber activists, terrorists and criminal networks, and nonstate actors will play a role in dening the international system, the secretary explained. New structures of governance and power will emerge as the world population becomes more urbanized, mobile and technologically advanced, bringing new standards and expectations as they develop, he said. Technology and 21stPriorities shape future In the months since the 2012 defense strategic guidance rst reected a new budget reality, Pentagon ocials and military leaders have been working on the departments longer-term budget and strategy, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Nov. 5. In the keynote address before the Center for Strategic and International Studies Global Security Forum, Hagel said a needed realignment of missions and resources is being undertaken across the department that will require signicant change across every aspect of the enterprise. I have identied six areas of focus for our budget and strategic planning eorts going forward, the secretary said. Working closely with the service secretaries, service chiefs, combatant commanders and DOD leaders, he added, these six priorities will help determine the shape of our defense institutions for years to come.Military essential for future foreign policy


THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 13 As the December 2014 Afghanistan drawdown deadline draws near, thousands of service members and civilians at bases around Afghanistan are preparing tens of thousands of vehicles and containers lled with equipment and supplies for an intricate journey. at journey whether it ends at a depot in the United States, or with a return to the eld, sale to a foreign partner, or demilitarization could include transportation by air, ground or sea, or even some combination of the three. And the work wont end until the last containers and vehicles arrive at their destinations. Determining the nal disposition of the more than 24,000 pieces of rolling stock and 20,000 container equivalent sets in Afghanistan is the job of the unsung heroes of the Centcom Materiel Recovery Element, said Army Brig. Gen. Duane A. Gamble, the deputy commander of 1st eater Sustainment Command, based at Fort Bragg, N.C. e command is responsible for supplying and moving troops throughout Afghanistan. e fact that the CMRE exists speaks to the major dierence between the drawdowns in Iraq and Afghanistan, Gamble said. When the drawdown in Iraq happened, theater-supplied materiel equipment and vehicles that stay in theater and are transferred from outgoing units to incoming units could be sent to Kuwait and sorted through there. Kuwait was our catchers mitt in Iraq, Gamble said. With no precedent for need for an Army recovery unit, the task fell to the newly established CMRE and the 401st Army Field Support Brigade. ey established central retrograde sorting facilities at Kandahar and Bagram Air Fields and began picking through the masses of equipment and vehicles arriving daily from across Afghanistan. In April, that work was shifted out to the forward operating bases when seven joint eld teams started performing the cost-benet analysis of moving retrograde materiel, Gamble said. Each team consists of a military forward retrograde element and a Defense Logistics Agency hub-based disposal operations team. e teams move from base to base, Gamble said, opening and sorting through containers and rolling stock. eyre enabled with our standard Army retail supply system, where theyre actually zapping each item and then ... it tells what the disposition is, he said. As recently as this spring, there were thousands of containers waiting to be processed at the sort yards in Kandahar and Bagram, Gamble said, but the advent of the joint sorting teams helped eliminate that backlog. We hit a tilting point in about July where we were retro sorting and demilitarizing and shipping back to the United States more from our forward locations than we were from [Bagram] and [Kandahar], he said. Altogether, the CMRE and joint sorting teams are recovering about 91 percent of the value of the retrograde equipment, the general said. So, the high-dollar value items are being retained and shipped back to [the U.S.], where the high-volume, low-dollar items that dont make sense to retain or are just plain excess to requirements are either being redistributed forward or being disposed of forward, Gamble said. Reducing the number of convoys moving retrograde equipment to and from centralized facilities, this setup saves time and money, he said, but more importantly, it saves lives. It keeps soldiers o the road, it keeps us from spending money on host-nation trucking to move stu only to sort it out later and nd out that maybe it wasnt worth that much money to begin with, the general added. e retrograde process is saving lives in another way, too, Gamble said. Every piece of equipment is screened to determine if its needed by another unit, either in theater or elsewhere, and in the case of the MaxxPro Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected models with survivability upgrades, that is absolutely getting turned around to another unit that doesnt have the best and the latest, the general said. e upgraded vehicles save lives, he said. Ive seen it. Ive been here two months and we had four soldiers in this command hit an IED in one of those things and they all walked away, Gamble said. At the same time retrograde equipment is transiting through Afghanistan and onward, units are still rotating in and out of the country. And their equipment rotates with them. Forces come and go all the time, even during the surge we were still redeploying forces as some came in, Gamble said. Equipment and materiel belonging to units that are deploying or redeploying has a higher transportation priority than retrograding equipment, Gamble said, because those units need it to operate in theater and theyll need it again when they get back to their home stations. ose forces have to go home and reset themselves to some level ... in order to get on with their next mission and be available in the force pool, he said. Most of this equipment will leave Afghanistan via multi-modal by air, to various sea ports for movement back to the U.S., Gamble said. e actual volume will vary from month to month based on the sizes of the units rotating in and out of theater. In contrast, equipment and materiel that is being retrograded is being moved out of theater over various land routes or own to a multi-modal site. From there it will move by sea back to depots in the U.S. to be prepared for redistribution and reuse. e routes are directed by U.S. Transportation Command, but the destinations are determined by the type of equipment being retrograded. at means, for the Army, vehicles are sent to a hard iron depot like Anniston Army Depot in Alabama, while replacement parts or supplies are sent to supply depots like Sierra Army Depot in California, which processes conventional ammunition. e same holds true for the other services, the general noted. e Air Force and Marine Corps send their equipment to their own depots. With the total cost of the retrograde estimated to be between $5 and $7 billion, according to a senior defense ocial, theres particular emphasis on using the most economical routes to move retrograding equipment. In its route planning, Transcom must balance cost with external factors like the political climate and the eect of holidays on the availability of labor with internal security conditions and with the need to keep most routes warm, Gamble said. For example, in August, 60 percent of retrograding equipment was transported via air, both direct and multi-modal, in a deliberate strategy to mitigate the eects of Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr, he said. And in February, 100 percent of the retrograde equipment was transported by air because the Pakistan Ground Lines of Communication were closed. However, very little of this movement is ever via direct air, the general noted. What little retrograde equipment does arrive in the U.S. via direct air is usually opportune air, he said. By pre-staging retrograde equipment at airelds, the military is able to take advantage of available cargo slots on transport aircraft. In normal circumstances, the amount of retrograde that goes back direct air to the United States is so small its not even worth mentioning, so when we say air for retrograde, were talking multimodal almost exclusively, Gamble said. With several dierent routes and means available for retrograding equipment, Transcom directs the movement of retrograde equipment based on trac and price, the general said, noting that price is usually the deciding factor. e Northern Distribution Network presents several challenges. e network transits several countries with restrictions on the types of equipment that may enter or be visible. So, Gamble said, cargo sent via the NDN must be containerized. We just nished a trial run with some armored vehicles, but they had to be containerized, so that limits it. If you have to put it inside a container to transit the countries, thats quite limiting we dont have a lot of small armored vehicles, he said. e route isnt as fast as the Pakistan GLOC, but it will serve containerized equipment very well, Gamble said. So, were mostly for October scheduling materiel like repair parts, etc., in containers to go out the NDN, he noted. e Pakistan GLOC is the cheapest route, said the senior defense ocial, but it reopened only recently after Pakistan closed it in 2011 and Afghanistan closed it briey again earlier this year. After the Pakistan GLOC reopened, it quickly became the dominant route for retrograde, Gamble said. By September, 70 percent of all retrograde equipment was moved out of the country over land, and 98 to 99 percent of that movement was via the Pakistan GLOC, he said. For October, approximately 60 percent of all retrograde equipment will be moved out of the country by land. When the ground is working, or its not interrupted by holidays, we take advantage of the ground and we minimize the air. When the ground isnt as attractive because of stu like holidays, then we tilt the other direction, Gamble said. Its this exibility that keeps us very condent that we can continue the retrograde mission no matter what Mother Nature throws at us, no matter what the holiday seasons throw at us, the general said. Retrograde saves money century communication tools bring people closer together than at any time in the history of man, helping link their aspirations and their grievances, he said. We know that the rapid pace of change will only accelerate as the world undergoes an historic generational shift. More than 40 percent of the worlds 7 billion people today are under the age of 25, and 90 percent of them live outside the United States and Europe. Turbulent regions such as the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa will continue to experience these challenges as their populations increase and exceed their educational and employment opportunities. e challenge of terrorism will continue to demand unprecedented collaboration with partners and allies. Destructive technologies and weapons that were once the provenance of advanced militaries are being sought by nonstate actors and other nations, the secretary said. Sophisticated cyberattacks have the potential of inicting debilitating damage on national and world economies and critical infrastructure. Natural disasters, pandemic diseases and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction all present further destabilizing realities to regions in the world, he added. Regional tensions and conicts in the Asia-Pacific region, the Middle East and elsewhere continue to have the potential to erupt into larger-scale conicts, drawing in the United States, China and Russia. While these challenges are not Americas responsibilities alone, they will demand Americas continued global leadership and engagement, Hagel said. No other nation has the will, the power, the capacity, the capability and the network of alliances to lead the international community in addressing them, he added. e secretary said sustaining leadership increasingly will depend not only on the extent of the United States great power but in appreciating its limits and wisely deploying its inuence. We must not fall prey to the false notion of American decline. at is far too simple an explanation, he said, adding that many of the challenges facing the nation are political, not structural. We remain the worlds preeminent military, economic and diplomatic power, Hagel said. And even as we deal with new budgetary constraints on defense spending, the United States will continue to represent nearly 40 percent of global defense expenditures, and most of the worlds other leading military powers are Americas close allies. What always distinguished the United States is not the existence of its great power but the way in which that power has been used to make a better world, the secretary said. In the 21st century, the United States must continue to be a force for and an important symbol of humanity, freedom and progress for all mankind, Hagel said. We must also make a far better eort to understand how the world sees us and why. We must listen more. After more than a decade of costly, controversial, and, at times, openended war, America is redening its role in the world, the secretary said. e United States must work to nd the smartest and the most eective solutions to problems, Hagel said. Military forces, he said, must always remain an option but it should be an option of last resort. And, the military should always play a supporting role in Americas foreign policy, the secretary said. Americas role in the world should reect the hope and promise of our country and the possibilities for all mankind, tempered with a wisdom that has been the hallmark of our national character, Hagel said. at means pursuing a principled and engaged realism that employs diplomatic, economic and security tools, he added, as well as our values, to advance our security and our prosperity. Policy


14 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013 e priorities include institutional reform, force planning, preparing for a prolonged military readiness challenge, protecting investments in emerging capabilities, balancing capacity and capability across the services, and balancing personnel responsibilities with a sustainable compensation policy. During his rst weeks in oce, Hagel said, he directed a Strategic Choices and Management Review that over several months identied options for reshaping the force and institutions in the face of dicult budget scenarios. at review pointed to the stark choices and tradeos in military capabilities that will be required if sequester-level cuts persist, but it also identied opportunities to make changes and reforms, Hagel said. Above all, he added, it underscored the reality that DOD still possesses resources and options. We will need to more eciently match our resources to our most important national security requirements. We can do things better, we must do things better, and we will. Addressing the six priorities that will shape future defense eorts, the secretary began with a continued a focus on institutional reform. Coming out of more than a decade of war and budget growth, he said, there is a clear opportunity and need to reshape the defense enterprise, including paring back the worlds largest back oce. is summer, Hagel announced a 20-percent reduction in headquarters budgets across the department, beginning with the Oce of the Secretary of Defense. Our goal is not only to direct more of our resources to real military capabilities and readiness, Hagel said, but to make organizations atter and more responsive to the needs of our men and women in uniform. e second priority is to re-evaluate the military force-planning construct the assumptions and scenarios for which U.S. military forces organize, train and equip themselves. Ive asked our military leaders to take a very close look at these assumptions [and] question these past assumptions, which will also be re-evaluated across the services as part of the [Quadrennial Defense Review], the secretary explained. e goal, he added, is to ensure they better reect our goals and the shifting strategic environment, the evolving capacity of our allies and partners, real-world threats, and the new military capabilities that reside in our force and in the hands of our potential adversaries. Hagel said the third priority will be to prepare for a prolonged military readiness challenge. In managing readiness under sequestration, he added, the services have protected the training and equipping of deploying forces to ensure that no one goes unprepared into harms way. is is the departments highest responsibility to its forces, the secretary said, and yet already, we have seen the readiness of nondeploying units suer as training has been curtailed, ying hours reduced, ships not steaming, and exercises canceled. e Strategic Choices and Management Review showed that sequester-level cuts could lead to a readiness crisis, and unless something changes, Hagel said, we have to think urgently and creatively about how to avoid that outcome, because we are consuming our future readiness now. e fourth priority will be protecting investments in emerging military capabilities especially space, cyber, special operations forces, and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, the secretary said. As our potential adversaries invest in more sophisticated capabilities and seek to frustrate our militarys traditional advantages, including our freedom of action and access around the world, he said, it will be important to maintain our decisive technological edge. e fth priority is balance across the services in the mix between capacity and capability, between active and reserve forces, between forward-stationed and home-based forces, and between conventional and unconventional warghting capabilities, Hagel said. In some cases we will make a shift, for example, by prioritizing a smaller, modern and capable military over a larger force with older equipment. We will also favor a globally active and engaged force over a garrison force, he explained. e services will look to better leverage the reserve components, with the understanding that part-time units in ground forces cant expect to perform at the same levels as full-time units, at least in the early stages of a conict. In other cases, the services will seek to preserve balance, for example, by controlling areas of runaway cost growth, the secretary said. e sixth priority is personnel and compensation policy, which Hagel said may be the most dicult issue. Without serious attempts to achieve signicant savings in this area, which consumes roughly now half the DOD budget and increases every year, we risk becoming an unbalanced force, one that is well-compensated but poorly trained and equipped, with limited readiness and capability, he said. Going forward, the department must make hard choices in this area to ensure that the defense enterprise is sustainable for the 21st century, the secretary said. Hagel said Congress must permit meaningful reforms as it reduces the defense budget, and the department needs Congress as a willing partner in making tough choices to bend the cost curve on personnel, while meeting its responsibilities to its people. Even as we pursue change across the Department of Defense, the secretary said, the greatest responsibility of leadership will always remain the people we represent, our men and women in uniform, their families, and our dedicated civilian workforce. Ship rescues 128 in ra e amphibious transport dock ship USS San Antonio transferred 128 men to a Maltese oshore patrol vessel last month after responding the day prior to a call for help from the Maltese government. A Maltese patrol aircraft spotted a raft being rocked by winds and seas yesterday in the Mediterranean Sea. e Maltese government contacted several ships in the area and the U.S. 6th Fleet, headquartered here, and requested help in rescuing the 128 men aboard the raft. e San Antonio was a little more than 60 nautical miles away when directed to assist, and the ships sailors transferred the men from their raft, using two 11-man, rigid-hull inatable boats. e crew then provided them with food, water, medical attention and shelter until they were transferred to the Maltese vessel. Military Postal Service Agency ocials recommend that parcel post packages for service members overseas be mailed by Nov. 12 for delivery by the holidays. Ocials at MPSA, an extension of the U.S. Postal Service, have published a chart at that shows deadlines for various mailing options, broken down by the APO/FPO/DPO numbers of various destinations. USPS is oering a discount on its largest Priority Mail Flat Rate box at $14.85. e price includes a $2 per box discount for military mail being sent to APO/FPO/DPO destinations worldwide, ocials said. Priority Mail Flat Rate boxes are available free at local post oces, or can be ordered from USPS online. Postage, labels and customs forms also are available online.PrioritiesOcials announce deadlines for holiday mail delivery


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16 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, November 14, 2013