Panama Canal review

Material Information

Panama Canal review
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Panama Canal Commission
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol


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A real WELCOME greets Canal's newcomers There need be no more frantic first trips to the commissary for new employees from the United States, thanks to a Welcome Wagon service just inaugurated. A new family will find enough food in the Welcome Wagon assortment to provide a palatable lunch and breakfast the next day, too, together with a pair of sheets, a pair of pillowcases, towels, washcloths, light bulbs, soap, garbage-can bags, and a few other miscellaneous items for household use. The new Zonians will be able to spend their first day getting unpacked and more or less settled in their new home, rather than having to rush off to their neighborhood commissary. The idea of a Welcome Wagon has been flourishing in the United States for almost 25 years but has never been tried here before. A few units have "settlingin kits" for their newcomers-things like sheets and towels and pots and pansbut these are on a loan basis, to be packed up and set aside for the next to arrive. Some years ago, newcomers were hurried to the commissary by their escorts as soon as they arrived to pick up prepackaged bedding and linen for which they paid themselves. Today's Welcome Wagon assortment — from bacon and eggs and coffee to ice, if needed — is charged against the division for which the new employee will work. In the United States the items which make up a welcome assortment are contributed by merchants in the newcomer's community. In the Canal Zone, the Welcome Wagon is a cooperative project of the Community Services Division, the Personnel Bureau, and the employing dijfUgHR ^liJffHHMMHHi HHHH MBJ BH PHI Wm^BtSlSL V wraSj! 'TSS ^T r i 3E ~ M 1 i& ^^^ ^. k.-f J t Jpyf J \jM -^K^ 'M ^^^^ Frederick Willoughby, 2, didn't pay much attention to Maxwell Smith and Fitz Charles, left, when they explained the Welcome Wagon service to his parents. vision, with the Housing Branch of the Community Services Division making arrangements for the assortment and providing the actual delivery service. When Maxwell Smith of the Personnel Bureau notifies the housing office that a new family is arriving, the housing office in turn calls the nearest commissary to assemble a standard welcome assortment. The commissary has everything packed and ready and a few minutes after the new family has reached their quarters, the Welcome Wagon is at their door. Its driver and semi-official welcomer, who carries the welcome assortment into the newcomer's house and helps Mr. Smith answer some of the many questions the newcomers invariably ask, is Fitz Charles, a man with an infectious smile who has been driving for the housing office for several years. While the recipients of the Welcome Wagon's first call were officially "new employees," the only real newcomer in the family was two-year-old Frederick Willoughby. He was much more interested in the whereabouts of his box of animal crackers than in the fact that he and-t>~-is parents, Mr. and Mrs. William C jrles Willoughby, were making local ) story. Mr. Willoughby, a graduate internengineer for the Locks Division, is the third generation of his family to work for the Canal organization. His grandfather, W. C. Willoughby, came to the Canal Zone just before the Canal was opened in 1914 and his father, Fred, of Gatun, is a foreman mechanic at Gatun Locks. Mrs. Willoughby, the former Ann Edwards, is the daughter of Mrs. Russell A. Edwards of the Payroll Branch. Both are graduates of Canal Zone high schools, Mr. Willoughby from Cristobal High School in 1948, and his wife from Balboa High School three years later. New Central Labor Union -Metal Trades Council Officers Represent 1600 Employees Front row, I to r: Robert Mecaskey, Second Alternate Wage and Grievance Member; E. W. Hatchett, President; Sam Garriel, First Alternate Wage and Grievance Member,A. J. Waldorf, Trustee; E. H. Womble, First Vice President; W. M. O. Fischer, Treasurer. Second row, I to r: James H. Pfau, Second Vice President; J. H. Elliott, Secretary; John Stuewe, Trustee; T. W. Womble, Wage and Grievance Member,John M. Purvis, Legislative Alternate; R. F. Hesch, Legislative Representative; Joe Young, Sergeant-at-Arms,J. J. Belcourt, Trustee. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


Carnival Capers A bevy of Canal Zone beauties, dressed in the native costume of the nations which use the Panama Canal, rode on the allegorical float entered by the Canal Zone in the Panama carnival parade this year. Designed by the Architectural Branch and built by the Maintenance Division, the float was dominated by a huge world globe surrounded by the flags of maritime nations and the house flags of the shipping companies using the Canal. Carnival music was furnished by Victor Herr, and members of his conjunto. Miss Luchita Burrillo, dressed in a handsome pollera, represented Panama while Miss Ann Haskel represented the Canal Zone. Other young ladies riding on the Canal Zone carnival float Tuesday, were Jessie Kirkland, Bernice BetzMykland, Edna Hill, Joline Clare, Bertha Thompson, Christine Huff, Elaine Maduro, Lynn Raymond, Patsy Flatau, Eileen Damerau, Rita Jones, Madge Smith/Rachel Van Dyke, Betty Demming, Karen Magnuson, Kathy Cox, Sue Mable, Mrs. Ellen Kurzman, and Susan Katz. The Canal Zone took an active part in the Panama Carnival celebration this year, beginning with the official raising of the carnival flag in Balboa and the Tivoli Guest House, and the appearance of the carnival queens and the visiting Latin American beauties over CFN Television. William G. Arey, Jr., Public Information Officer, served as official representative of the Canal Zone on the permanent Carnival Junta. CONSULTANTS FOR CONGRESS DUE HERE NEXT WEEK The panel of consultants appointed by the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee to study Panama Canal transit facilities and other broad phases of the interoceanic Canal problem will pay a five-day visit to the Canal Zone this month. The group, composed of six prominent members of the engineering profession in the United States, is scheduled to be here from next Tuesday through Saturday. A tentative schedule of activities prepared and submitted to the panel for its approval calls for a busy period. It includes visits to the principal Canal Zone installations, and the provision of much background material on Canal operations, and other facets of the problem which is attracting national attention. The consulting board was named last November by Representative Herbert C. Bonner, Chairman of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee which handles Canal legislative matters in the House of Representatives. In announcing the appointment, Chairman Bonner said that the special committee consultants are expected to review and re-evaluate various proposals which have been made in the past as the result of studies on the Isthmian canal problem. "I feel that it is the urgent responsibility of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee to be fully informed concerning the adequacy of the existing Canal and the need for additional facilities either in the Canal Zone or at alternate locations in the Central American Isthmus," he stated. The panel members, all of whom are expected to be here next week, are: Francis S. Friel, of Philadelphia, President of the engineering firm of Albright and Friel in Philadelphia, and Vice President of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, USA, Ret., of Darien, Conn., formerly head of the Manhattan Project, and now a Vice President of Remington-Rand, Inc. Dr. S. C. Hollister, of Ithaca, N.Y., Dean of Engineering at Cornell University. E. Sydney Randolph, of Baton Rouge, La., industrial engineer. Hartley Rowe, of Boston, Vice President of the United Fruit Company. John E. Slater, of New York City, consulting engineer and senior partner of the firm of Coverdale & Colpitis in New York. Mr. Rowe and Mr. Randolph are both ARMED FORCES DAY Residents of the Canal Zone and the Republic of Panama are invited to attend the Armed Forces Day programs to be held this year on Saturday, March 15. Albrook Air Force Base will hold Open House from 1 1 a. m. to 6 p. m., and Fort Davis will hold its Open House from 8 a. m. to 4 p. m. Ground and aerial demonstrations are planned and static exhibits will be on display. March 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW well acquainted with the Canal and its operations. Both were employed here for many years and both held responsible engineering positions with the organization. Mr. Rowe came to the Isthmus in 1905 and was Municipal (now Maintenance) Engineer when he left the organization in 1919. One of his first jobs with the Isthmian Canal Commission was the location, design, and construction of the masonry dam to provide the water supply for Panama City and Zone towns on the Pacific side. During his 14 years here, he had charge of installing much of the electrical and municipal facilities for the Canal and for the Army and Navy. Among the Army and Navy projects were France Field and the Coco Solo Submarine Base, for which he had charge of the design and construction. Mr. Randolph also entered the Canal service during the construction period and was continuously employed for almost 36 years before his retirement in March 1946. During this period he held many important engineering posts in the organization, including Office Engineer, Designing Engineer, and Construction Engineer. He was in charge of the design and later the construction of Madden Dam and Power Plant. Later, as Designing Engineer, he was in charge of the early investigation and work on the Third Locks project. Mr. Friel has had charge of all engineering work for his firm for the past 26 years. He specializes in numerous fields of engineering, among which are flood control, dams, power plants, (See page 15)


A new FAMILY Col. and Mrs. John McElheny with Phyllis Ann, 10, and Bruce Daniel, 7. A new "second family" for the Canal Zone is due here in July. The appointment of Col. John D. McElheny as the new Lieutenant Governor for the Canal Zone will be effective July 9. Colonel McElheny is presently on duty with Military Supply in the Office of the Chief of Engineers where he has been assigned for the past two years. Colonel McElheny and his family are arriving here July 9 on the SS Cristobal; three days later Colonel McElheny's predecessor, Col. Hugh M. Arnold, and his family, will sail on the same ship en route to Colonel Arnold's new post as Commanding Officer of the 20th Engineer Brigade at Fort Bragg, N. C. While plans are not yet definite, the new Lieutenant Governor may possibly spend three weeks here in June. The tentative dates set for this visit are June 8-28. This would enable him to watch the operations of the Canal organization firsthand before he takes over his new duties. The new Lieutenant-Governor designate is 43 years old. He was born in LaRue, Ohio, a small town about 70 miles due south of Toledo, which Governor Potter considers his home town. Here's The Man Who's When the position of Executive Secretary of The Panama Canal was established 44 years ago, it covered a great many diversified activities. Under the Executive Secretary's supervision came such widespread operations as post offices, customs, police and fire organizations, schools, and the clubhouses. The Executive Secretary was custodian of files and records, the administrator of estates, and was responsible for all of the timekeeping in the Canal organization. He was the Canal Zone's shipping commissioner and its corresponding secretary. He handled all of the correspondence and communications between Panama Canal authorities and those of the Republic of Panama. One Executive Secretary even determined the proper consistency of lemon pie. Paul Meredith Runnestrand is only the fourth man to hold this position, but he is not concerned with lemon pie nor with post offices, police and fire, nor most of the items included in that original "job description," except for the relations with Panama. The Executive Secretary's position has changed from what was once an operating job to that of an administrative or executive staff officer. When Governor Potter has occasion to introduce Mr. Runnestrand, he frequently describes him as "my Foreign Minister." Officially, this portion of his work has been described as "principal adviser, liaison officer and responsible staff representative of the Office of the GovernorPresident, on all policy matters other than those of a routine contractual or Executive Secretary operational nature, concerning the Government of Panama; the American Embassy; other diplomatic and consular missions; private commercial and noncommercial interests in the Republic of Panama; and private commercial and noncommercial interests in the Canal Zone, but not including civic councils or employees' labor organizations." One difference in Paul Runnestrand's job from that of his predecessors is that, besides being Executive Secretary of the Canal Zone Government, he is also Executive Assistant to the President of the Panama Canal Company, with the staff duties implied by the title. Actually he is known throughout the Isthmus as the Executive Secretary of the Canal Zone. Mr. Runnestrand carries out his duties from a big office on the second floor of the Administration Building. The desk he uses was once in Col. George W. Goethal's office at Culebra, and the big Paul Runnestrand is the fourth man to serve as Executive Secretary. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


for a new Temporary "White House" for the Canal Zone is this attractive new house which will eventually be occupied by the Lieutenant Governor but which, right now, is serving as the Canal Zone's "Quarters No. 1." Governor and Mrs. Potter will be in their temporary residence until sometime in August when the current remodeling of the Governor's big 52-yearold house is due to be completed. Shadowed by great trees, the new official quarters stand on a site once occupied by the house assigned, for many years, to the Chief Health Officer. Of contemporary design and partly air conditioned, it has several striking features. The wall between the livingroom and patio is made entirely of sliding glass panels. The patio, a wide roofed porch, overlooks the Canal. At one point it is indented to preserve a large tree growing close to the house. The tree is completely encircled by an ornamental balustrade. Remodeling work on the Governor's house includes air conditioning the second floor bedrooms, replacing wood floors with tile, relocating the main stairways, enlarging the first-floor rooms, constructing a basement service section, and replacing the roof. HOUSE Great trees shade new official house for Canal Zone's Lieutenant G< mahogany grandfather's clock in a corner dates back to French Canal days. He has no independent staff of his own, but uses the facilities of the Administrative Branch and other agency units. His deputy, Forrest Dunsmoor, also serves as Administrative Assistant to the Governor. His secretary, Mrs. John G. Higgins, works also for the Governor's Military Assistant. According to Mr. Runnestrand she is the indispensable "girl Friday" who keeps the office running smoothly. The Executive Secretary exercises staff supervision of policies and regulations concerning, among other things, contraband control, who is and who is not eligible to engage in business in the Canal Zone, who has Canal Zone privileges, and who may reside or remain in the Canal Zone or enter it. He is, in effect, the United States Consul in the Canal Zone, responsible for issuing visas for aliens living in the Canal Zone who want to go to the United States. He signs or attests employees' retirement certificates. He is custodian of the Seal of the Canal Zone Government, and attests or authenticates official documents generally. The part of his job he most enjoys is that concerning the Canal Zone's relations with its next-door neighbor. This and other aspects of his work involve an active social calendar, with which he is aided by his wife, Betty. He maintains almost daily contact with Panama's Government, particularly the Foreign Office, and with the United States Embassy and other embassies in Panama City. Quite frequently he visits one of these offices or receives visitors from them. Knowledge of Spanish is important in such work. He has been studying the language for some time and is leaving April 7 for Mexico City to spend three months in the State Department's Foreign Service Institute in Foreign Languages. This is a concentrated course of six days each week in speaking and reading Spanish. His training as an attorney -he has been admitted to practice not only in the Canal Zone courts and those of his native state, Minnesata, but also before the Supreme Court of the United States and the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in New Orleans — is helpful in many phases of his work. In a single day recently, among a numerous variety of other business, he was in touch twice with the Panama Foreign Office, once with the U. S. Embassy, and once with the Preddencia, all by telephone; reviewed a memorandum to accompany proposed legislation; went over a draft of a proposed agreement with Panama involving the establishment and operation by Panama of customs sites within the Canal Zone; talked with the Army's local Chief of Staff on a classified matter; held a conference on the eligibility of certain persons to enter the Canal Zone; received innumerable visitors, including contractors' representatives in connection with the demolition of the old Pacific Service Center which has been given to Panama, and one old friend who dropped in to find out the variety of the trees in Gatun Lake which have withstood almost half a century of submersion; and, in his spare time, did some work in the Canal Zone United Fund, of which he is Executive Director. In his official position, he is Chairman of the Disability Relief Board and a memMarch 7,1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW ber of other standing committees, including the Governor's committee which recommends appointments to the various military academies. As Paul M. Runnestrand, private citizen, he is a vice president of the Canal Zone Boy Scout Council, a member of the Executive Committee of the Canal Zone Chapter of the American Red Cross, a member of the Cancer Committee, and a member of the Board of Management of the Balboa USO-YMCA, in addition to his post with the United Fund. A little-known side of the Canal Zone's Executive Secretary is his talent for music. He played saxophone and clarinet in dance bands from the time he was in junior high school until he was graduated from the Law School of the University of Minnesota, but he hasn't blown a note since he came to the Canal Zone for the first time in March 1941. He doesn't even own a musical instrument except a piano on which, he says, his ability is "very mediocre." His daughter Sarah, who will be 10 next Sunday, has inherited some of his fondness for music, but his son Ricky, who is five, is a little too young to be interested. Born in Litchfield, Minn., Paul Runnestrand grew up in Watertown, S. D. After his graduation from the University of Minnesota, he worked for three years as law editor for the West Publishing Company in St. Paul, Minn. His first Canal Zone post was as an Associate Attorney on the General Counsel's staff. He was Assistant General Counsel from 1948 to 1953. From 1953 to 1956 he was Assistant Secretary and Attorney in the Panama Canal Company's Washington office. He succeeded E. C. Lombard as Executive Secretary in April 1956.


Coco Solo Beginning To Take On Aspects Of Other Zone Towns The Canal Zone's fastest-growing community—Coco Solo — will be about half grown by the end of this month, after which it will begin to take on some attributes of other Zone towns. Many of the plans for the community facilities are still in the development stage. However, by the first of next month Coco Solo residents will be able to restock their food larders, buy a tank of gasoline, get a restaurantcooked meal, or buy their drug supplies within the confines of their town. Most of the town's activities will focus around Building 100, the big two-story structure which formerly housed the Navy Post Exchange and sales store on the first floor and a gymnasium on the second floor. Approximately $150,000 will be spent in renovating this building and making the necessary alterations for its use as a community center. In addition to the restaurant and foodstore, other facilities to be located in the building will be the retail drygoods and shoe stores which will be transferred from the Cristobal Commissary, a beauty parlor, barber shop, tailor shop, and shoerepair shop. According to L. A. Ferguson, Supply and Community Service Director, all remaining units of the Cristobal Commissary are to be moved to Coco Solo by about August 1 Presently, it is planned to use the upstairs area for the drygoods sales unit and shoe store, while the housewares section will be housed in an adjacent building. Part of the plans of the Sales and Service Branch is the establishment of an attractive gift shop similar to the unit recently opened in Balboa. Although an exact date has not been set, it is expected that the theater at Coco Solo can be reopened by July 1. After installation of these facilities at Coco Solo, both the Cristobal Commissary and Theater are to be closed. The building which houses the theater will be demolished. It is planned to keep the restaurant in the Cristobal Service Center in operation, perhaps on a modified scale, because of the large number of individuals employed in the immediate area and the considerable number of bachelors living in the vicinity. The development of Canal Zone Government facilities at Coco Solo will be at a much slower pace since money for necessary alterations and improvements must come from appropriated funds. The first major Government facility to be made ready will be the elementary school. It is planned to establish the Atlanticside High School in the new Zone civilian community. The building to be used for the high school will require extensive alterations. The development of recreational facilities for Coco Solo residents is still largely in the planning stage. This phase of community life in the new civilian town will be developed partly as part of the school program and partly by the initiative of the residents, as the former Naval base has several buildings which can easily be adapted for group activities by civic and fraternal organizations. FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION HAP HAZARD lOSTTHEHEAD OFF MY HAMMER NATION* SAFETY COUNCIL In ancient times, many peoples engaged in a worship involving the sacrifice of a human being. This was considered an excellent idea by all concerned— with possibly the exception of one individual. Why did these overwhelming majorities favor this proceeding? Apparently, there were three factors involved. The first being the pious belief that they were doing good by propitiating a god to purchase favors for the tribe. Secondly, they were undoubtedly gamblers and each one was willing to take long odds that he wouldn't wind up as the star performer. Third, most of them had a big streak of savagery in their make-up which enabled them to enjoy the celebration fully. In these modern times, civilized peoples no longer use the principle of human sacrifice to better conditions for the majority -or do they? No, it is not done formally, or even consciously maybe, but those of us who are interested in the safety of our fellowmen know only too well the value of a victim. We know, too, how hard it can cometimes be to persuade others that it is possible to read the future and prevent accidents. Sometimes it seems that nothing but the actuality of a human sacrifice will do. THEN we see oh, so clearly! Are we then like our barbaric ancestors, willing to gamble on the chance that it won't be me as an individual, but the other fellow? Probably not, but who knows for sure? National Safety Council Safety News Letter JANUARY 1958 BUREAU Engineering & Construction II Roll) January 1957 Health (Honor Roll) January1957 New York Operations (Honor Roll) January— 1957 Supply & Community Service < H. Roll) January— 1957 Marine January— 1957 Transportation & Terminals January 1957 -Civil Affairs January 1957 C. Z. Govt. Panama Canal Company January 1957 ( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries first AID CASES 36 44 1 40 16 19 8 1 33 37 87 (20) 2d) 8 (7) 75 1 75 42 1 4 59 2 47 12 3 30 4 234 6 42 243 4 162 THIS YEAR TO DATE 1 2(1) 1 I 2 3 6 4 Staff and Administration Included. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


CIVIL DEFENSE NEWS The Canal Zone again this year will participate in a nation-wide Civil Defense training exercise. Although the date has not yet been announced, the exercise will probably take place in the spring, giving the Schools Division an opportunity to demonstrate their preparedness program. The time, place, and type of attack will be decided later, and this information may not be released to the public in advance as has been done in the past. Last year's exercise was centered on a simulated nuclear explosion over Miraflores Locks. Worth Knowing Los Angeles and C. Z. police are now look-a-likes. "Toppex" safety helmets, recently adopted as standard for the Los Angeles police force, have been distributed to all Zone motorcycle officers as part Work will be started this month on the reconstruction and conversion to decontamination equipment of two former fire engines. The work will be accomplished by the Industrial Division in Cristobal. Arm-band identification was distributed last month to the volunteers of the towns of Santa Cruz, Paraiso, and Rainbow City. Volunteers in the U. S.-rate towns will receive their arm bands this month. MARCH VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS Date Town Place Hour 5 & 19 Marg.-N. Cristobal Serv. Center 5:00 p. 1 (First Aid) 12 Rainbow City School 13 Santa Cruz Serv. Center 17 Paraiso School 6:30 p. 8:00 p. 7:30 p. J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor McIlhenny, Assistant Editor Eunice Richard, Editorial Assistant On ale at all Pana ma Canal Service Centers Co nm'S! and Hole s fr r 10 days after puhlica tion date cents each. Sl bscrlptions, $ a year 11 an d back copies. 10 -ents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed tn Editor. The Panama Canal Review. Balboa Heights. C Z. Approval for the purchase of Communications equipment has been received and the order for the equipment will go forward this month This equipment will be used for the field rescue service, control points, and the control centers. A study is now being made for the acquisition of the necessary personnel radiological dosimeters. The Balboa traffic squad poses in their new helmets. L. to t.: Motorcycle Policemen R. W. Lawyer, W. G. Hoelzle, J. F. McDowell, F. R. Hollowell C. N. Little, J. H. Harris, G. R. Harris, Cato May, Sgl. Walter H. Alves, Jr. of their uniforms. The helmets are a shiny white, with black rims, visors, and chin-straps. They are made of glass fiber bonded with polyester resin ; their shock dissipation comes from a half-inch layer of crushable foamed polystyrene. Each helmet weighs about two pounds. Traffic officers report them no hotter than the old-style, less protective visored caps. Approval has been received for the purchase of a special arc-light projector for the civil defense training program. This projector will make possible the showing of 16-mm. training film in the local theaters directly from the projection booth, and affords a better opportunity to show educational pictures to a larger audience than heretofore. J^jgL. Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthlj At Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zune W. E. Potter, Governor-President Hugh M. Arnold, Lieutenant Governor W. G. Arey, Jr., Public Information Officer Mcrch7, 1958 Safety Field Day is coming up soon. The annual event for nonU. S. citizen employees will be held April 12 at Santa Cruz under the sponsorship of the Santa Cruz Civic Council which is working closely with the Safety Branch in making plans for the annual event. Last year's Safety Field Day was held at Rainbow City. The Cristobal local freighthouse is having its face lifted. Under a major improvement program now going on near Dock 9, the delivery platform is being widened, a canopy constructed, and the street area in front of the freight house widened. Other streets in the area are to be resurfaced. The changes will increase cargo handling space by a third, and facilitate cargo delivery, especially in the rainy season. Bids for construction of two new school buildings in Balboa are being asked. The bids will be opened here March 26. One will be a building to house all ROTC activities. The other will be a completely air-conditioned "activities building" for general use. It will contain a 600-seat auditorium. Plans for both buildings were drawn up by Reynolds, Smith & Hill, of Jacksonville, Fla. Two full pages in a recent Congressional Record are devoted to a former Zonian. The 20-minute speech by Rep. Clark Thompson of Texas was a tribute to Brig. Gen. James Gordon Steese, who spent many years of his service in the Canal Zone, and who was fatally injured in an automobile accident in January in French Equatorial Africa. In his eulogy, which concluded with a poetic tribute written by former Isthmian Canal Commissioner Maurice H. Thatcher, Rep. Thompson outlined General Steese's career and his first-hand knowledge of the Panama Canal and its affairs. ROTC cadets are on their toes these days. The cadets, from Balboa and Cristobal high schools, are getting ready for the annual Field Day which is to be held next Friday evening at the Mount Hope Stadium. The program, which includes individual, squad, platoon, and company competition, begins at 7 p. m. Drill teams from both high schools will also demonstrate their maneuvers.


AS CHILE GROWS so grows Canal's importance to her ECONOMY (This is the last of two Despite inflation, which has plagued Chile more than most other Latin American countries in recent years, her national economy today is established on a far broader foundation than ever before. Remarkable progress is being made in the nation's program of industrialization and diversification to rid the country of its economic dependence on one or two products notably copper and nitrate. Chile learned a bitter lesson during the world-wide depression of the 1930's when the wheels of industry grated to a halt and there was virtually no demand by importing nations for her two principal saleable commodities. As a result of these changes, the Panama Canal more than ever before has become a much-used two-way street to world markets for Chile. Raw materials dug out of her mineral-rich mountains still constitute the great bulk of Chile's marketable products moved through the Canal, but in the articles on Chile in "The Review" series on hade areas served opposite direction there is now an everincreasing stream of materials needed in the industrial development of the nation. It is remarkable to note that during the past fiscal year, four times as much cargo was shipped south to Chile through the Canal as in 1936. Last year 2,000,000 tons of cargo moved south to Chilean ports via the Canal, while 1936 shipments totaled only 500,000 tons. Commodity movements in the opposite direction last year amounted to 3,963,000 tons, as compared with 2,921,000 in fiscal year 1936. While the opening of the Canal meant much to this pencil-thin nation along the Pacific coast of South America by the shortening of trade routes to the great industrial areas, the Canal's early role in Chile's economic welfare is today far overshadowed as a supply route for the products she buys and sells. Chile is presently embarked on a development program calling for an expenditure of $746,000,000 over an eight-year period. It is designed to correct distortions which periodically crept into the country's economy during the past few decades and created havoc and alternate periods of feast and famine. Approximately half of this spending program will be in foreign currency to buy equipment abroad and the remainder will be in Chilean pesos to meet domestic costs. Sharing in this expansion program will be such diverse activities as manufacturing, construction, mining, shipping, fishing, agriculture, forestry, power production, communications, and an incipient petroleum industry. While most of Chile's foreign commerce is transported in foreign bottoms, there has been a big increase in the number of Chilean-flag ships using the Canal since the depression years. In 1938 there were only nine Canal transits by ships flying the flag of Chile and cargo tonnage that year was 29,000 tons. Last year there were 78 transits by Chilean merchant marine vessels carrying 469,000 tons of cargo. Since the Canal's opening on August Santiago, Chile's 400-year-old capital seen from Santa Lucia overlooking city. by the Panama Canal) 15, 1914, Chile's chief source of investment capital from abroad has been the United States. However, with the notable exception of W. R. Grace & Co., most investors have concentrated on mining, chiefly copper and iron. The extent of United States investments in Chile and some effects of the diversification of such investments, at present and planned in the future, was summarized in an announcement early this year by the Chilean Government which said: "American private concerns already established in Chile will invest about $300,000,000 of both their own capital and funds made available by the Export-Import Bank for investments in Chile. With these new funds, those investments will be brought up to about one billion dollars, or 10 percent of the total investment of American private enterprise in Latin America. "In addition to the investments made by American concerns already operating in Chile, the Committee on Foreign Investments recently approved applications for a total of §52,000,000 in new enterprises and investments, more than half in industrial activities, the remainder in agriculture, mining, construction, transportation, communications, etc." While the amount of foreign investments in Chile has increased substantially in very recent years from sources other than the United States, the value of U. S. direct investments there since World War I closely parallels the nation's economic growth. The following table shows the U. S. direct investments in Chile in five different years which are typical of world economic conditions in varying periods: L929 $423,000,000 L936 484,000,000 L943 .. 328,0(10,(10(1 1950 _. 540,000,000 1957 700,000,000 Chile's economic growth in this period is shown in the world-wide index of industrial production, by nations, prepared by the United Nations. This index uses the industrial production achieved in 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


Pres. I'oanez learns how Canal operates from Gov. Potter on visit here in 1956. as the measuring rule with a score of 100 for each of the various categories. The United Nations' index shows the following statistics for Chile's mining, manufacturing, and electric power generation for comparable years shown above: ManuElecMinfacturtricing ing ity 1929 133 36 14 1936 82 43 21 1943 117 58 35 1950 105 70 76 1953 100 100 100 1956 119 107 121 The index for mining reflects world economic conditions rather than the overall economic progress of Chile during the past three decades. The mining index fell well below the 1953 par figure of 100 during the depression of the 1930's. A better mirror of Chile's economic progress and the effects of the diversification program of recent years is the index on manufacturing and the one on electric power production. There has been a steady upward climb of these indexes since 1929, although monthly figures for 1957 showed some downward trend in both categories because of the current internal economic conditions. Since Chile is the second largest copperproducing nation, her nitrate beds are the only large natural deposits in the world, and her mountains are rich with iron ore and other metals, there seems little doubt that the mining industry will continue to be a dominant factor in the country's economy, particularly since the Canal offers a ready access to world markets on a competitive basis. This surmise is supported by a recent extensive survey conducted by the Economic Research Institute of the University of Chile. That survey indicated that Chile's gross national product will increase 39 percent over the 1956 figures by 1965. The survey predicted that agriculture will make the biggest advance and substantial increases will be shown by industry and commerce. The survey foresees a growth in exports from $480,000,000 to $615,000,000 in the ten-year period. Mining, principally copper and nitrates, will continue to account for the greater part — from $405,000,000 in 1956 to $497,000,000 in Chile's growing steel industry is part ization program. Below are views of 1965. Imports are expected to rise to $452,000,000 from the 1956 level of $346,000,000, which will leave Chile with a favorable trade balance of $169,000,000. Samplings of development plans announced by some American firms already established in Chile and the monetary assistance being rendered by the ExportImport Bank substantiate the findings of the University of Chile's research group. Last year the Export-Import Bank extended a $16 million loan to Compania de Acero del Pacifico, S.A. (Pacific Steel Co.), to enable the company to diversify its integrated steel operations at Huachipato, Chile. This brought to $76.5 million the amount in loans extended to this firm, jointly owned by Chilean Government agencies and private investors, by the ExporWmport Bank since 1945. A loan of $12 million has also been received from the Export-Import Bank by the Nitrate Company of Tarapaca and Antofagasta. This is a Chilean-owned group enterprise engaged in such diversified activities as mining, lumber, mixed fertilizers, phosphate production, and transportation. The extent to which United States private capital is being poured into Latin America is indicated by a recent statement of J. Peter Grace, President of W. R. Grace & Co. He reported that his firm doubled its capital investment there between 1946 and 1956 and will double it again by 1962. The total investment of the company by 1962 will be $100,000,000, he announced. Its program of diversification is well exemplified in Chile. It now has 17 offices and branches in Chile, from Arica to Punta Arenas, with its manufacturing, mechandising, shipping, and aviation activities centered in the head office in Santiago. Among the many types of its interests are textile manufacturing, sugar, refining, the importation and manufacture of machinery and electrical equipment, and the production of edible oils and linseed oil. Another American firm presently embarked on a big expansion program in Chile is the Anaconda Company. It is spending $80,000,000 to develop an orebody near Potrerillos where Anaconda engineers recently found a large copper deposit of higher grade than its famous nearby Andes ore mine. This will entail the construction of a modern town with comfortable homes, schools, hospitals, and other modern conveniences for its employees and their families. Anaconda's mining interest in Chile dates back to 1923 when it acquired the of her industrialbig Pacific Steel Co. plant on the Chilean coast at Huachipato. L. to r., wire-rod production, Bessemer converter, general view. March 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Chuquicamata mines in Antofagasta Province. This is the largest known copper ore-body in the world and produces more than 500 million pounds of metal a year. The company's second largest property in Chile is its Andes mine, concentrator, and smelter at Potrerillos. Blister copper from these mining properties has been shipped through the Canal since 1927 to the company's Raritan Copper Works in Perth Amboy, N. J. Anaconda's operations in Chile demonstrate the importance of the Canal as a two-way trade route. A steady flow of men, materials, and supplies goes south through the Canal to keep its copper production going. An important part of this traffic is the shipment of oil. Anaconda has under charter two oil tankers, each making about 14 round trips a year through the Canal from refineries in the Caribbean to the company's operations in Chile. The development of Chile's steel industry has come since the close of World War II but its expansion has been rapid. It is a phase of the nation's diversification program and today the integrated plant of the Pacific Steel Company of Chile at Huachipato is furnishing much of the country's steel needs for construction, road building, and industry. The Huachipato industry is jointly owned by private stockholders and the Chilean Government, and its financing has been accomplished by private capital, Chilean Government agencies, and $76.5 million in loans by the Export-Import Bank. As a result of the developments by such firms as Pacific Steel, Anaconda, and W. R. Grace & Co., as well as hundreds of new businesses, both large and small, being started in Chile, there has been a noticeable change in the commodity movements through the Canal to Chile in the past few years. The need for petroleum is growing rapidly and last year almost as much mineral oil was shipped through the Canal for Chile as total commodity shipments of six years ago. Of the 2,000,000 tons of freight moving south to Chile through the Canal in the fiscal year 1957, the tonnage of nine principal products was listed as follows: Petroleum and all petroleum products. Copper bars, important commodity in Canal traffic, are loaded for shipment. Anaconda's El Salvador Mine near Potrerillos. Company is spending over $80 million to develop this deposit which will produce 200 million pounds annually 1,123,000 tons; coal and coke, 218,000; iron and steel manufactures, 115,000; sugar, 72,000; wheat, 60,000; machinery, 50,000; automobiles, parts, and accessories, 37,000; agricultural implements, 11,000; and railroad equipment, 10,000. Mineral products constitute the bulk of shipments from Chile through the Canal to Atlantic destinations, and last year shipments of iron ore, nitrates, and copper made up 88 percent of the total. Total tonnage of these for the year were: Iron ore, 2,258,000; sodium nitrate, 867,000; copper metals, 220,000; and copper ore, 82,000. While Chile's program of diversification and industrialization to supply the needs of her rapidly-growing population will bring many changes in the future in the types and amounts of goods shipped through the Canal, there appears no likelihood that the close affiliation of the Canal with its southernmost user in the New World will in any way be lessened in the foreseeable future. Chile today is laying a sound foundation for her economic future. And, so long as the trade routes of the seas are used to transport men's needs in raw and finished goods, the Panama Canal will continue as a vital link for this growing world trade area. The construction and efficient operation of the Canal by the United States Government has been a great boon to world economy in this century. The shipping industry and all trading nations have a great stake in its future. OUR COVER One of the most magnificent sights of the Isthmus is the night lockage of a ship through the Canal. In the "Review's" cover picture this month the Canal's Official Photographer has caught the breath-taking beauty of a ship in Miraflores Locks, painted against the night sky by a thousand lights. Amateur photographers now have all night to try for such a picture while Miraflores Locks are being overhauled and operations are on 24-hour schedule. Carl J. Browne Is New Head Of Canal Zone Credit Union Carl J. Browne, Superintendent of the Balboa Field Office of the Maintenance Division, was elected last month to head the Canal Zone Credit Union for a year's f***+f*ijl t*L*. Carl J. Browne period. He took office immediately upon election by the Credit Union's Board of Directors. Mr. Browne succeeds Robert Van Wagner who has headed the employee-owned corporation for the past four years. Mr. Van Wagner will continue to serve the Credit Union as a Director. Other officers are: Clarence W, Kilbey, Vice President; James H. Selby, Treasurer; and Jerome E. Steiner, Secretary. All three were reelected. Organized in 1936, the Credit Union was planned originally to finance vacations and emergencies which required unexpected funds, as well as a place for savings. Membership today totals over 2,800, all of whom are employees of the Company-Government. As of January this year, the authorized capitalization was $3,000,000. Assets now are well over $2,000,000. 10 THE PANAMA CANAL REV'EW Mcrch 7, 1958


66 Employees Enrolled In Training Courses For Supervisory Work When the training office of the Personnel Bureau announced last month that they were ready to start a couple of new supervisory training groups, they expected to receive a possible 30 nominations. Instead, when all the Company-Government's divisions had been heard from, the training office found itself with a list of 66 men and women nominees for the training course. Consequently, instead of the two groups of 15 or so each which were planned originally, the 66 nominees have been divided into four groups, one of which is made up entirely of women. There is one husband and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Cross, among the trainees; they are in different training groups. Two of the groups are meeting Mondays and Thursdays and the other two on Tuesdays and Fridays. Since most of those enrolled in the current courses are Pacific siders, the meetings are held at the Training Center near Corozo Crossing. All of the groups are being led by Lloyd S. Murphy, Assistant Training Officer. Twenty-three Company Government divisions or units are represented in the four groups. The Accounting Division leads with 17 representatives. The Administrative Branch, Gorgas Hospital, and the Engineering, Maintenance, Navigation, and Terminals Division have four each. The Electrical, Motor Transportation, and Supply Divisions have each sent three employees to the training courses. The remaining employees in the four groups come from the Claims Branch, Industrial Division, Internal Audit Branch, Postal Division, Accounting Policies and Procedures Staff, Contract and Inspection Division, Library, License Section, Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch the Sanitation, Schools, and Wage and Classification Divisions. Members of the four groups are: Group 1: George A. Black, Jr., Robert L. Coffev, Mahlon D. Davis, Richard H. Egolf, Preston G. Gau, William E. Hall, Theodore D. Melanson, H. E. Musselman, Robert F. Roche, and James H. Selby, all from the Accounting Division; Robert M. Graham and Grover D. Luce, Internal Audit Branch; Donald M. Parr, Accounting Policies and Procedures Staff; Harry D. Raymond, Claims Branch; and Lester M. Fennel, Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch. Group 2 (all women): Catherine M. Sigl, Mary G. Livingston, Frances L. Journey, Helen D. McKeown, Eva M. Grassau, Mary H. Foster, and Ruth H. Elich, Accounting Division; E. June Hopkins, Winnifred E. Seeley, and Rita Gribbons, Gorgas Hospital; Rosemarie J. Kenealy, Claims Branch; Nita B. Hartman, Contract and Inspection Division; Miriam H. Hawvichorst, Electrical Division; Mae B. Cross, Engineering and Construction Bureau; Eleanor D. Burnham, Canal Zone Library; Beatrice M. Rhyne, Division of Schools; Margaret L. Csighy, Supply Division; and Virginia PAGES FROM THE 9* THIS MONTH 50 Years Ago Construction of the Panama Canal was moving ahead at full speed 50 years ago this month — March excavation set an alltime record of 3,480,270 cubic yards— but otherwise the month was without much news of great importance. Late in March a slide on the relocated Panama Railroad line, at the north end of a fill just south of Gatun, pushed an embankment carrying a temporary track out of line several feet. The embankment sank between 10 and 20 feet for a distance of about 200 feet and destroyed over 220 feet of trestle. Lt. Col. H. F. Hodges, General Purchasing Agent for the Isthmian Canal Commission, was placed in charge of design for the lock gates. A census of the Canal Zone was started early in March 1908, under the direction of the tax collector for each administrative district. The first jury trial in the Canal Zone resulted in the acquittal of the defendant; he had been charged with causing the death of a steamship officer during an altercation on the Cristobal docks. 25 Years Ago Much of the news in the Canal Zone in March 1933, was a direct result of happenings in the United States, and some of it was not good. Congress passed and the President signed a bill cutting salaries of all Government employees by 15 percent. The cut was to be effective April 1 and would continue until the end of the fiscal year when further action would be governed by the cost of living at that time. Although the bank holiday in the United States caused some apprenhension among Zonians who had U. S. accounts, the Canal Zone's single bank was not affected. The Cristobal Branch of what is now Chase Manhattan continued operations as usual. Zonians were waiting to see whether they would be able to buy beer legally on the Zone. Congress legalized the production and sale of 8.2 beer in the United States but it seemed likely that a special act would have to be passed covering sale or import in the Canal Zone. Canal shipping was taking a slight turn upward. In March 1933, 399 commercial vessels made the Canal transit. Cargo tonnage was over 5 percent higher than in March of the previous year. The 785-foot-long dirigible "Akron," then the largest airship in the world, spent a day hovering over the Isthmus. Two small planes, disgorged from its underside, ran a ferry service between airship and ground while the dirigible floated overhead. Zonians 25 years ago were shocked by the death of former Governor Harry Burgess, in Hot Springs, Ark., He had left the Isthmus only the previous December. 10 Years Ago Over the protests of shippers, President Truman issued an Executive Order increasing tolls of the Panama Canal by approximately 10 percent, effective October 1, 1948. The new rates were to be $1 per ton for laden merchant vessels, 80 cents for vessels in ballast, and 55 cents per displacement ton for other floating craft. The increase was recommended by the Secretary of the Army. As the month ended, the president of the American Shipowners Association announced that he would recommend to the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee that tolls be frozen until the effects of the impending increase could be considered. A contract for the reconversion of the SS Panama, at a cost of about $1,325,000, was awarded to the Bethlehem Steel Company. The ship had been temporarily refitted after its return from war service; the work to be done would be a permanent reconversion. Several local construction projects were announced. The Panama Canal accepted a bid of $153,107 for masonry houses at Margarita, the first concrete houses in the Canal Zone since 1914. Building Division forces were at work on the renovation and repair of the former Tivoli USO building, prior to its opening as a Canal clubhouse. School officials announced plans to establish a junior unit of the ROTC at Balboa High School. The unit would te organized at the beginning of the next school year, with at least 100 cadets. One Year Ago March 1957, was a busy month with lots going on. In March: Enrollments for the new Group Health Insurance plan swamped those trying to record them; a new record of 808 ocean-going commercial vessels was set for Canal transits; schools officials announced entrance examinations for non-U. S. citizen applicants for the Canal Zone Junior College; and John T. Ridgely was retained as a consultant for the Panama Railroad. M.Dixon.Wageand Classification Division. Group 3: Charles K. Cross, George Q. Vieto, Edwin C. Jones, and Fred E. Wells, Administrative Branch; Harold W. Griffin, Gorgas Hospital; Michael Zombory, License Section; Robert M. Blakely, Jr., and Maurice L. McCullough, Motor Transportation Division; L. D. Bowman, Jr., Navigation Division; Dick R. Brandon and James D. Dunaway, Postal Service; Ramel H. Masters, Division of Sanitation; Robert H. Adams and Sumner E. Ewing, Supply Division; Worden E. French and Robert A. Rathgeber Terminals Division. Group 4: P. T. Green, Electrical Division; Julian Hearne, Roger Howe, Rubelio D. Quintero, and Allen Miller, Engineering Division; Walter T. Schapow and Lt. K. T. Shelley, Industrial Division; F. S. Baumbach, R. G. Laatz, H. W. Osborn, and H. D. Smith, Maintenance Division; Paul R. Kuyoth, Motor Transportation Division; Ernest C. Flowers, Eugene E. Hamlin, and Rufus O'Neal Navigation Division; and Bernard Dorfman and William J. Rose, Terminals DiMarch 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Behind the Scenes at the Canal Zone Library Alfred Bushell unpacks load of new Mrs. Emily Price assigns categories books just arrived from post office, to the Library's newly-arrived books. 6^ JLj A jgJBKS tjS^. >>jj uM m^hKL >. ^^^\J VBjJf : Theophilus Herbert shellacks new books in open air outside library. Mrs. Verna Winstead looks for items Reference Librarian Beverly Williams of local interest in new magazines. searches files in the first-floor office. A New World Opens Life is a lot brighter these days for Mrs. Florence Ball, a lively little lady from Georgia, who is probably one of the first persons in the Canal Zone to take advantage of talking books. The talking book, of course, is a book read aloud and recorded on a few long-playing unbreakable records, which are easy to handle in the mail and by the persons who receive them. To Mrs. Ball the talking book came as an answer to the problems which face a person who now lives in a world of perpetual twilight after spending a lifetime of reading, sawing, cooking, and enjoying television and movies as much as her grandchildren do. It was so easy, she said. After arrangements were completed by the Canal Zone Library, a special record player arrived from the Library of Congress in Washington together with a "book" from the New York City Public Library for the Blind, which handles talking books for this area. From then on, Mrs. Ball was on her own. When she finishes a book, it is replaced in a special folder and returned to the Library in New York free of charge. Another book, which Mrs. Ball can select from a comprehensive list of material, is sent to her immediately. Mrs. Ball must observe certain rules. No one else in the family may play the talking-book records and once the records have been heard, they are to be returned immediately. In many ways, Mrs. Ball says, listening to the talking book is much better than actually reading a book. When one is interrupted, the record can be turned off. Later it is possible to return exactly to one's place or even repeat a certain part which one has enjoyed especially. A native of Moultrie, Ga., Mrs. Ball now makes her home with her son-in-law and daughter, Fire Lt. and Mrs. James McGloin, of Gatun. She does not believe that her lack of vision is permanent and thinks that it will be cleared considerably by operations. Meanwhile, she has discovered a whole new world which she hopes that other residents of the Canal Zone, who suffer from lack of sight, will discover too. 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


The 5,000 or so books which are added to the Canal Zone Library's collection each year do not appear miraculously on the library shelves. The work of getting these thousands of volumes and many hundreds of magazines ready for circulation is the fulltime job of at least half a dozen of the Main Library's staff men and women who, for the most part, spend their working hours in the jam-packed firstfloor offices of the Main Library. They are seldom seen by the public. Getting new books ready for circulation is a real production-line performance. The first of the Library staff to get a look at the new books is Alfred Bushell, the Library's clerical assistant and general man-of-all-jobs. When the new books and magazines reach the library in sacks and cartons, he opens each of these and checks the new arrivals against the accompanying shipping lists. They then move on to Evelyn Howell, a regular Girl Friday to the Library's staff. She stamps accession numbers into each book. Next stop on the production line is the desk of Mrs. Emily Price, the Library's Cataloguer. She decides into which category each of the new books fits and prepares an index card for it. Mrs. Ruth Townsend, a part-time cataloguer, does the same thing for the new juvenile books. The actual cards are then prepared by Rita Kevlin, Library Assistant, who types some of the file cards, cuts duplimats on others. Cards for all of the Library branches and deposit libraries are prepared at the Main Library. Once the books are indexed, they move back to Evelyn Howell, who pastes a little paper pocket in the front of each to hold the book-cards and also puts into place the "plate" which identifies the book as belonging to the Canal Zone Library. Then she passes them on to Theophilus Herbert for the protective shellacking which all library books receive. An expert in mending and binding, which he learned at the former Occupational High School in La Boca, he does the shellacking under the wide eaves of the overhang just outside the library's back door. Sad experience has taught the Library staff that air-conditioning ducts spread the shellac fumes through the building if the work is done inside. When the books are shellacked he letters them in code, to tell prospective readers at a glance whether they are picking up a "western," a "who-dun-it," or a biography. While the others are working on the books, Mrs. Verna Winstead is surrounded by great stacks of new periodicals. In her post as custodian of the Library's magazines, she scans each new magazine or newspaper for items which may be of local interest, marks any such she finds, and starts the periodicals on their official rounds. She reads both English and Spanish. Although her scanning ability has always been amazingly fast, she took a "rapid reading" course recently, to speed it up even more. Not all of the new books received in every order are released at the same time. If they were, it would mean that an entire lot one week might be detective stories, or scientific books, or popular fiction. Instead, Mrs. Eleanor Burnham, Librarian, and members of her staff select each week a varied assortment of the latest books they have received, so they will appeal to a variety of tastes. Although the Library's unseen staff spends most of its time getting new books ready for their readers, they also work with the Library's older books. Volumes which are salvageable are mended in the downstairs work-room and books which are beyond repair are discarded there. Last year the Library added 5,545 volumes to its collection of over 108,000 books in English and Spanish. During the same period, 6,200 books were discarded. The discards were books which were worn out, moldy, hug-eaten, out-ofdate, or were extra copies of best-sellers of years past. Some obsolete books are kept for their historical interest but other old books, are ordinarily discarded when the information they contain is out-dated. Orders may now be placed for bound REVIEW volume Orders may now be placed for the binding of volumes 6 and 7 of "The Panama Canal Review," covering the two-year period of August 1955 through July 1957. The binding will be in red or black fabricoid, and the price will be Sll per volume, the same as for the previous binding, if the order is received prior to March 31, 1958. The price on individual orders received after that date may be slightly higher. "Review" collectors who wish the latest bound volume should send their orders to the Editor, "The Panama Canal Review," Balboa Heights, C. Z. The orders should be accompanied by a United States postal money order. The purchaser should also indicate which color — red or black — he prefers for the binding. Zonians Learn About Income Tax Time To Pay: Income Tax Is Due Within Six Weeks Zonians, as well as other income-tax payers, have only a little over six weeks between today and April 15, closing day for filing tax returns for 1957. Estimated tax returns are due the same date. Pacific siders who have tax problems may either contact any of the 25 Canal employees who were coached on tax problems last month, or see Wendell Lindsay, Internal Revenue Bureau representative, at the Civil Affairs Building. For the convenience of Atlantic siders, Mr. Lindsay will be in Cristobal all next week. Excapt for Wednesday, when he will be at Coco Solo Hospital, he will be available in Room 300 of the Post Office Building between 8 a. m. and noon, and 1 to 4 p. m. Payments must be made to the International Division, Internal Revenue Service, Washington 25, D. C. Twenty-five Canal employees were among the Zonians who learned "how-to" of income tax from two experts in February. March 7,1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS ANNIVERSARIES January 75 through February 75 Employees who were promoted or transferred between January 15 and February 15 are listed below. Within-grade promotions are not reported. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Elizabeth Mitchell, from File Clerk to Clerk-Typist, Records Management Section. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Mrs. Kathryne S. Brown, from Educational Specialist. Office of General Manager, Supplv Division, to Elementary School Teacher. Mrs. Virginia C. Townsend, Mrs. Beverly E. Noble, Mrs. Charla A. Roush, Mrs. Anita M. McClelland, Mrs. Margaret B. Lovelace, Mrs. Eileen M. O'Brien, from Substitute Teacher to Elementary School Teacher. George L. Cooper, from Policeman and Detective to Police Sergeant. Victor H. Higgins, Jr., from Substitute Distribution Clerk to Window Clerk, Postal Division. Robert A. Engelke, from Motorcycle Officer and Policeman and Detective to Police Sergeant. Jack E. Van Hoose, from Guard, Terminals Division, to Policeman. Mrs. Jean A. Karch, from Junior High School Teacher to Elementary School Teacher. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Mrs. Hazel F. Nail, from Clerk, Gorgas Hospital, to Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch. LeRoy B. Magnuson, from Chief, Budget Branch, to Chief, Budget and Rates Division. Robert Lessiack, from Supervisory Budget Analyst to Chief. Budget Branch. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Mrs. Edith M. Villanueva, from ClerkTypist to Accounting Clerk, Maintenance Division. David Rosenblatt, from Sanitary Engineer to Superintendent, Miraflores Filtration Plant, Maintenance Division. Electrical Division George A. Folger, from Wireman to Electrical Distribution Foreman II. Thomas J. Dee, from Electrical Distribution Foreman II, to Electrical Interior Lead Foreman II. Vernon L. Dahlhoff, from Electrical Interior Lead Foreman II, to General Electrical Foreman II. Mrs. Elizabeth A. Jorgensen, ClerkTypist, from Gorgas Hospital to Communications Branch. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Mary B. Egolf, from Secretary (Stenography), to Clerk-Typist, Office of Health Director. Mrs. Marie B. McNeff, from Director of Nurses, to Director of Nursing, Corozal Hospital. Mrs. Marie K. Corrigan, from General Medical Hospital Nurse to Medicine and Surgery Staff Nurse, Coco Solo Hospital. MARINE BUREAU Joseph A. Vowell, Jr., from Checker, Pacific Locks Overhaul, to Patrolman, Locks Security Branch. John B. Spivey, from Gas Navigation Aids Foreman I, Dredging Division, to Motor Boat Maintenance Mechanic, Navigation Division. James C. Wood, Wallace W. Priester, Jr. from Marine Inspect ion Assistant to Admeasurer, Navigation Division. Anthony H. Hopiak, Shipwright, from Dredging Division to Industrial Division. OIlin P. Strickland, from Lead Joiner Foreman to Lead Shipwright Foreman II and Assistant Dockmaster. Industrial Division. Vincent D. Ridge, from Lead Shipwright Foreman II and Assistant Dockmaster, to Chief Shipwright Foreman and Dockmaster, Industrial Division. William J. McLaughlin, Jr., from Control House Operator to Chief Foreman Locks Operations, Atlantic Lock?. John T. Styles, from Wireman to Wire man Foreman, Atlantic Locks. Leslie W. Croft, from Wireman Foreman to Control House Operator, Atlantic Locks. PERSONNEL BUREAU Mrs. Virginia M. Dixon, from Position Classifier to Supervisory Position Classifier. Wage and Classification Division. William D. Young, from Personnel Assistant, Employment and Utilization Division, to Position Classifier, Wage and Classification Division. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Corneilius J. O'Sullivan, from Commissary Supervisor, to Commissary Supply Assistant, Supply Division. Mrs. Alicia M. Crasto, from Transportation Rate Auditing Clerk, to Transportation Rate and Claims Clerk, Supply Division. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Floyd M. Johnson, from Road and Yard Conductor, to Road and Yard Conductor and Train Dispatcher, Railroad Division. Roy L. Vaughan, from Policeman, Police Division, to Guard, Terminals Division. WASHINGTON OFFICE Mrs. Wilhelmene H. Cushing, from Secretary (Stenography), to Administrative Assistant (Stenography), Office of the Secretary. Mrs. Laura J. Reese, from Administrative Assistant (Stenography), to Administrative Services Assistant, Office of the Secretary. OTHER PROMOTIONS Promotions which did not involve a change of title were: Karl W. Shirley, Marine Inspection Assistant. Navigation Division. Edward G. Coyle, Rates Analyst, Office of the Comptroller. James B. Crane, Herbert A. Greene, Jr., Admeasurer, Navigation Division. Thelma L. Capwell, Mrs. Gloria J. Hallet, Mrs. Marguerite M. Orr, Mrs. Marian R. Scott, Mrs. Mary K. White, Mrs. Kathleen I. Nelson, Mrs. Jane D. Fuller, Eleanor L. Colbert, Mrs. Eileen G. Brady, Mrs. Nadine W. Cain, all Head Nurses, Psychiatry, Corozal Hospital. Dwight A. McKabney, Attorney, Office of the General Counsel. MARCH SAILINGS FROM CRISTOBAL Cristobal ...March 8 .1 in; mi March 15 Cristobal March 26 FROM NEW YORK A neon March 7 Cristobal.^. ...March 18 Ancon March 25 Southbound ships which leave New York Friday are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti. Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear Cristobal Wednesday. RETIREMENTS Retirement certificates were presented the end of February to the following employees who are listed alphabetically, together with their birthplaces, titles, length of Canal service, and future addresses: Mrs. Louis K. Allen, Canal Zone: ClerkStenographer, Navigation Division; 10 years, 8 months, 11 days; Canal Zone. Eulie M. Bennett; Storekeeper. Motoi Transportation Division ; 8 years, 5 months, 20 days; Canal Zone lor present. Capt. Jack H. Hearn, Alabama; Pilot, Navigation Division; M vears. 1(1 months, I') days; California. Henry T. Leisy, Nebraska: Elementary Si hool lee her. Schools Division; 28 years, in months, 15 days; Canal Zone for present Bernard W. Mclntyre, Idaho; Engineer, Railroad Division; .12 years, 9 months, 21 daj s; St. Petersburg, Fla. For another year William Jump, senior employee in the Canal organization, heads the list of those who had service anniversaries in February. On February 1 Mr. Jump, Timekeeper in the Industrial Division, completed 53 years of Panama Canal service, all of it with what' is now the Industrial Division. This makes him tie senior of all employees, from point of service, and the only one whose service dates back to 1905. Born in Gorgona, he learned French and English at an Anglican school and picked up his Spanish when he lived for a time with a Panama City family as a sort of companion and tutor in English to their sons. He got his first Panama Canal job in the old Mechanical Division when he was only 15 years old. In this job he earned all of i l A cents an hour. He has worked in Gorgona, in Empire, and in Balboa. Since 1950, when the Mechanical Division was transferred to Mount Hope, he has been an Atlantic Sider. 35 YEARS Harry F. Cody, General Foreman of the Water System for the Maintenance Division holds second place on the list of Februaryanniversaries because of his 35 years of government service. He is one of the Canal's experts on Panama City's water system. His knowledge was acquired during the years he spent as foreman of the Panama City waterworks and as General Foreman of the Panama District in the period when The Panama Canal operated the water system under contract with the Republic and handled the capital's street repairs under a similar agreement. Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., he was brought to the Isthmus when he was only six years old. His father. Michael J. Cody, was a Moulder in the Balboa Shops. During school vacations, he worked as a messenger for the Building Division, as a gardener at one of the Commissary's truck farms, and as a messenger and helper at the Balboa Shops. After he finished an apprenticeship as a pipefitter, he worked at that trade here and in Venezuela. He has been with the Maintenance Division since 1939, with the exception of two years during the war when he served as a SeaBee with the Navy in the Pacific. During the time Mr. Cod> was working in Panama City, he won high praise for a training program he instituted for the Panamanian personnel who were then preparing to take over the waterworks. More recently he was commended for his part in devising a cheap method of converting fire hydrants and fire standpipe valves to the recently-adopted National Standard threads Two of last month's 30-year men are. second generation Canal Zone employees. John F. Hern, Foreman Sheetmetal Worker for the Maintenance Division, was born in Ancon, son of J. F\ Hern, a chauffeur. Mr. Hern's service with the Canal organization is unbroken and, allowing foi administrative reorganizations, has been all with the same division. P. Byrne Hutchings, whose lather. K. W. Hutehings was also a Canal employee, was born in Columbus, Miss., but was so young when he was brought to the Canal Zone that he practically counts .is a native. Mr. Hutchings has worked for a number of Canal units and has been in Housing since 1940. He is now Realty Assistant in the Housing Branch. The other two Company-Government men who completed 30 years of government service last month are Withrop H. Havenor, Assistant Chief of the New York Accounting Office, anil William F. Long, a member ol the Canal Zone Police F"orce. Except for the war-years, Mr. Havenor's service has been continuous He joined the Company February 1, 1928, as a juniorclerk. He has served in the Accounting Department, Treasurer's Office, and Executive Office in New York. Mr. Long conies from Norwood, N. C. He slarled his Canal career as a Locks Watch14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958


Consultants For Congress Due Here (Continued fimi fageS) and industrial buildings, and various types of public works. General Groves is best known for his work as head of the Manhattan Project during which he was in complete charge of the development and planning for the use of the atomic bomb. Among his many important assignments were as officer-in-charge of construction for the Quartermaster General during mobilization for World War II. and as commanding general of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project for the Department of Defense after the close of the war. Since his retirement in 1948, he has been associated with Remington-Rand. Dean Hollister has headed the College of Engineering at Cornell for 20 years. His specialties are municipal, structural, and flood control projects. He has served on many important governmental and private commissions for engineering projects. One of his services to the United States Government was as a member of the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, better known as the Hoover Commission, from 1953 to 1955. Mr. Slater specializes in transportation and marine engineering. In addition to serving as a member of the consulting engineering firm of Coverdale & Colpitts, he is President and Director of the American Export Lines. He also has served two years as Chairman of the Board of the New York Shipbuilding Corporation. They are tentatively scheduled to meet Governor Potter Tuesday morning for a brief orientation. This will be followed by a management review and a description of bureau operations and later in the morning by a flight along the Canal route. The afternoon will be largely devoted to a presentation and general discussion of the Canal capacity problem, arranged by Lt. Gov. Arnold. Among the installations to be visited by the panel members will be the Locks, Gaillard Cut and the construction project at Bend 1868, the Dredging Division, the LeTourneau towing devices at Gatun, Miraflores Locks overhaul operations, and the marine control operations at the Balboa Port Captain's Office. Zonians Thanked By Panama Warm thank-you's poured in last month to the people of the Canal Zone for their help during and after the recent disastrous fire in the San Miguel area of Panama City. Among these were two letters to Governor Potter. The first, from United States Ambassador to Panama Julian F. Harrington, expressed Panama's official appreciation. "I have received a letter from President de la Guardia," the Ambassador wrote, "expressing his warm appreciation of the assistance rendered by the civilian and military authorities of the Canal Zone during and after the fire in the San Miguel district of Panama. This timely assistance and friendly cooperation, according to the President, will inevitably strengthen the existing friendly relations between the two countries which he personally welcomes." And from David, 300 miles away, came the thanks of the city's Rotarians. They had learned of the Canal Zone's help from a fellow member, Juan M. Arauz of the David Bomberos, who was in the capital at the time of the fire. After hearing his report, Octavio Tribaldos, Secretary of the David Rotary Club, wrote the Governor: "It was resolved to extend through your worthy office our gratitude to the Government and people of the United States of America residing in the Canal Zone and especially to the Firemen's Corps of said Zone for the valuable cooperation all gave and are giving during and after the above-mentioned fire. "May this serve as a reaffirmation of our high opinion of the sense of humanitarianism of the North American people, to which once again we thank for their valuable assistance." Budget Expert Carl W. Tiller, center, was one of two Budget Bureau officials who gave a series of talks on budget malters last month to Canal personnel. With him are Philip L. Steers, Jr., Comptroller, and LeRoy Maguson, Budget & Rates Division Chief. man and has been with the Police Division since 1940. His local service is unbroken. 25 YEARS February was Silver Anniversary month for three men in the Canal service: Nathan W. Ashton, David F. Mead, and William L. Willumsen. Mr. Ashton, a Stockman Foreman in the Supply Division's Diablo Cold Storage Plant, comes from Banjoe, Me. His first job was with the old Bureau of Clubs and Playgrounds. He joined the Commissary force in 1940 and has been in supply work ever since. During World War il he was on active duty with the Army but remained in his Canal position. Mr. Mead is the keeper of the old records. Born in Camden, N. J., he has been with the Record Bureau, now the Administrative Branch, since 1935. His jaw-breaking official title is Supervisory Management Analyst, Records Scheduling and Disposition. Mr. Willumsen, a Customs Inspector at Cristobal, is a native of Baltimore. He worked for the Gatun Commissary and the Oil Handling Plants before he joined the Customs Division in 1939. Mr. Mead and Mr. Willumsen are the second generation of their families to work iu the Canal Zone. Mr. Mead's father, Burton H. Mead, was a Pipefitter at the Pacific Locks when he retired 10 years ago. Mr. Willumsen's stepfather, F. W. Schewe, was a Marine Dispatcher for many years. 20 YEARS Two of the seven men who completed 20 years of government service last month have not only unbroken Canal service but also continuous service with their divisions. They are Edward G. Moran, who was born in the Philippines and is now a Distribution Clerk at the Air Mail Facility at Balboa, and Gilbert A. Reynolds, a native of Greenville, Ky., who is a General Electrical Foreman with the Electrical Division. Other 20-year employees are: Walter E. Colclasure, who was born in Durant, Okla., Contract Specialist with the Engineering Division; Harry D. Foster, a native New Yorker, now Filtration Plant Operator for the Water and Laboratories Branch; William T. Halvosa, Jr., a native Zonian, Finance Branch Superintendent, Postal Division; James L. Hatcher, whose birthplace was Kings Mountain, N. C, a Police Sergeant assigned to the Balboa District; and Frederick H. Smith, Jr., another secondgeneration Canal employee, who is now March 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Field Supervisor for electrical work in the Electrical Division's Northern District. 15 YEARS Sixteen employees of the Panama Canal organization completed 15 years of government service last month. Those with continuous Canal service are: Mrs. Lucille M. Flenniken, Accounting Clerk, General Ledger and Processing Branch; Ernest C. Flowers, Admeasurer, of Balboa: Ernest S. Gibbs, Auto Repair Machinist, Motor Transportation Division ; Mrs. Miriam H. Hawvichorst, Supervisory Office Services Clerk, Communications Branch; Hazel M. High, Clerk-Typist, Accounting Division; D. Robert LaPorta, Policeman, Cristobal District; Clara Kirchmer, Accounting Clerk, Terminals Division; Emma E. Klinger, Staff Nurse, Coco Solo Hospital; Kenneth L. Middleton, Lockmaster, Pacific Locks; John R. Olsen, Fire Lieutenant, Balboa Station; and Sophie Stathacopulos, ClerkStenographer, Procurement Division, New York Office. Other 15-year employees are: Mrs. Ruth J. Bain, Clerk-Typist, Treasury Branch; George L. Cooper, Police Sergeant, Cristobal District; William H. Gonzalez, Combination Welder, Dredging Division; Mrs. Odessa F. Hearne, first grade teacher, Balboa school; and Victor C. Melant, Supervisory Clerical Assistant, Dredging Division.


Gala Transit UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA : s$ ,-. -a. ^, i tn ill urn urn ii iiiiii mi mi mi n mi mi urn 1 1 ( 3 3 1262 08544 4676 ss== ^= sa=s= = 3S33= ^ TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING VESSELS IN JANUARY 1957 1958 Commercial.. ... 701 744 Government 30 24 Total... 731 768 TOLLS* Commercial $3,167,577 $3,380,016 Government... 129,413 87,616 Total $3,296,990 $3,467,632 "Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small. CARGO (Long tons) Commercial..... 4,255,121 3,736,603 Government.,. 80,146 85,971 Total 4,335,267 3,822,574 Decked with flags from stem to stern, the new 23,500-ton Gripsholm makes an impressive sight when seen from Contractors Hill. The Swedish-American liner transited the Canal for the first time February 23 en route to South America. Gov. W. E. Potter and a group of Canal officials were aboard for the transit. Tricolor Tugs A new color scheme, designed to give a new look to the Panama Canal's floating equipment, was tried out last month on the Navigation Division tug Arraijan. The Arraijan, the first to come under the new paint program, blossomed forth in a spanking new color combination of darkblue hull, white superstructure, red stack. Eventually the new lighter and brighter colors will be applied to all floating equipment, including ferry boats and dredges, as well as to the eight Panama Canal tugs. The spick-and-span paint job is replacing the work-a-day buff and black, which has been standard for the Canal floating equipment for years. Around The World The Shaw Savill & Albion liner Southern Cross, which makes four round-theworld voyages each year, is due to arrive in Cristobal March 17 from London via Trinidad and Curacao. After leaving the Canal, the Southern Cross will call at Tahiti, weather permitting, and at Fiji and Wellington, New Zealand. From Wellington, the ship will return to England via Sydney, Melbourne, Fremantle, Durban, Cape Town, and Las Palmas. A one-class ship, the Southern Cross is equipped to carry 1,100 passengers, and is air conditioned throughout. On this trip, all passenger accommodations are fully booked, Andrews & Company reported. Maiden Voyage Th i SS Glafki, another new Japanesebuilt cargo freighter, passed through the Panama Canal February 18 on her maiden voyage from west coast U. S. ports to Philadelphia. The 9,866-gross-ton ship which has a deadweight capacity of I 1,655 tons, had a cargo of west coast lumber aboard. Agents at the Canal were Payne & Wardlaw. New Services Two new services were inaugurated in February by the Mitsui Line whose ships are regular customers of the Panama Canal. A new monthly westbound service from the U. S. Atlantic Coast to California and the Far East was started early in the month by the MS Akibasan Mam. The itinerary includes Baltimore, Hampton Roads, Philadelphia, New York, Charleston, Cristobal, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Manila, Keelung, Hong Kong, Saigon, and Bankok. The east-bound sen ice, with much the same itinerary, is being started by the MS Azuchisan Maru. which took on cargo in the Philippines and Hong Kong and is due to make the Canal transit March 16 en route to Havana and New York. The United Fruit Company handles the ships locally. Another Maersk The MS Lau&t Maersk, last of a series of five new Maersk liners built especicially for round-the-globe service, passed through the Canal in February on her maiden voyage from Copenhagen via U. S. east coast ports en route to Los Angeles, Yokohama, and other far-east ports. Built in Denmark, the 12,520-deadweight-ton vessel is 455 feet in length with a service speed of 18 knots, making her one of the fastest ships for her size in the Far East trade. The vessel is equipped with cargo tanks for vegetable oils, latex, and molasses, which are an important part of the Maersk Company's trade. Local agents are C. B. Fenton & Co. Outward Bound Another group of 590 British emigrants on their way to New Zealand to make their homes, arrived at the Canal the last week in February aboard the British Ministry of Transport liner Captain Hobson. The ship, a frequent visitor to the Canal, is operated as an emigrant ship by the British Government and handled by the Shaw Savill & Albion Line. Payne & Wardlaw act as agents in the Canal Zone. Empress Sold The Canadian Pacific liner Empress Of Scotland, a well-known cruise visitor to Canal ports, was sold in January to the Hamburg-Atlantic Line for approximately $2,800,000, her agents W. Andrews & Co. have learned. The 26,131-ton ship is to be renovated at a German shipyard for an estimated $4,284,000 and probably will be placed in the North Atlantic trade. The Empress Of Scotland visited the Isthmus in 1955 and 1956 on Caribbean cruises. She was replaced on that run this year by the new Empress Of England. Scrap Loaded Scrap destined for the Fiat Automobile factory in Italy was loaded in Balboa during the weekend of February 15 aboard the German cargo freighter Greetsiel. The ship arrived in Balboa February 14 in ballast from Callao, and took on a cargo of 850 tons of scrap metal at Balboa's Pier 15. A frequent visitor to the Canal, the Greetsiel is owned by A. G. Lenox and represented locally by Wilford & McKay. Tourists Coming Tourists will be swarming over the Isthmus in larger numbers than usual this month with nine visits scheduled by cruise ships during March. The Homeric, the Empress Of England, and the Stella Polaris all called at Cristobal during the past week, and the Ocean Monarch is due Saturday. Both the Mauretania and the Arosa Sun are scheduled to dock in Criss fcobal March 15, while the luxuriouNieuw Amsterdam will come in the following day. A second visit will be made by both the Empress Of England, due March 22, and the Mauretania, due March 30. In addition to the cruise ships, large numbers of tourists will arrive during the month on the regular visits of the Panama liners Ancon and Cristobal and on the Pacific Steam Navigation liner Reina del Mar due March 20 from England enroute to Valparaiso, Chile. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 7, 1958

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