Panama Canal review

Material Information

Panama Canal review
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Panama Canal Commission
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol


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Gift of the Panama Canal Museum hie Vol. 5, No. 2 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE SEPTEMBER 3, 1954 5 cents COCO SOLO HOSPITAL TRANSFERRED TO CANAL ZONE; EXTENSIVE ALTERA TIONS TO TAKE A BOUT FIVE WEEKS Gorgas Hospital Already Receiving Military Patients Atlantic Side Medical Center coco SOLO HOSPITAL, above, was transferred to the Canal Zone Government by the Navy this week and will soon become the medical center for the Atlantic side. During World War II survivors from torpedoed s'lips were nursed back to health there. The hospital's distinguished visitors include Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Panama Line Ships To Make Over-Night Stop In Haiti During Winter Season A new schedub for the Panama Line ships, establishing an overnight stop in Haiti on th-^ northbound voyage during SHIP SCHEDULES Effective November 4, 1954 WINTER SEASON Southbound Leave New York Thursday .Arrive, Leave Haiti Monday .\rrive Cristobal Wednesday Northbound Leave Cristobal Monday Arrive Haiti Wednesday Leave Haiti Thursday .\rri\e New York Monda\Effective April 14, 1955 SUMMER SEASON Southbound Leave New York Thursday .Arrive, Leave Haiti Monday .\rri\e Cristobal Wednesday Northbound Leave Cristobal Tuesday .Arrive, Leave Haiti Thursday .Arrive New York Monday the winter ssason, becomes effective with the siiling of the SS Panama from New Yorlv November 4. On the southbound trip the Haiti stop remains of a few hours duration, as at present, during both winter and summer seasons. The winter season for this year will end April 7. At the same time the new schedule goes into effect, minimum fares for commercial passengers will be increased $5 for the one-way trip between New York and Port^au-Princ3 during the summer season and $15 during the winter season; or $9 on a round trip between New Y'ork and Haiti during the summer season and .$27 during the winter season. Minimum commercial rates between New York and Cristobal will be increased $15 during the summer season and $30 during the winter season, on a one-way basis; round-trip fares, minimum, will be $27 more during the summer season than at present, and $54 higher than at present during the winter season. The new schedule also changes the days of sailing from New York from the present Tuesday to (,S'ec pagt is) With the formal transfer of Coco Solo Hospital by the U. S. Navy to the Canal Zone Government last Wednesday, extensive alterations were being scheduled to transform it into a 170-bed general hospital adequate to meet requirements of the Atlantic side. •<" While no definite date has been set for the reopening of the hospital, it is presently estimated that the alterations will require about five weeks before the buildings are suitable for expanded use. The transfer of hospital facilities from Colon Hospital to Coco Solo will depend on completion of work being done by Engineering and Construction Bureau forces. The transfer and alteration of Coco Solo Hospital will complete the hospital consolidation program authorized and directed by Congress in legislation passed earlier this year. Facilities on the Pacific side have already consolidated, six vacant wards and other stand-by facilities at Gorgas Hospital having been readied for service again late last month. Name Not Chosen A new name for the Coco Solo Hospital, which was built during the war years for the use of Naval persoimel stationed in the Canal Zone, has not been chosen; the same name will continue to be used for the time being. Coco Solo Naval Hospital discontinued the admission of patients in mid-August and immediately thereafter Colon Hospital began to accept military patients. On the Pacific side of the Canal Zone the military services began to refer their patients to Gorgas Hospital on August 15 and announced that as of August .31 the Fort Clayton Hospital would be reduced to the status of a dispensary. A number of changes and alterations are planned by the Canal Zone Government for the Colo Solo building, which has a permanent capacity of about 170 beds. As used by the Navy, the ground floor contained offices, an outpatient department, a dining room, kitchen, and some storage space. The second, third, and fourth floors were divided into offices, wards, clinics, pharmacy, and laboratory space. The small out-patient facilities on the ground floor will be enlarged and a number of clinics will be moved to this floor, according to present plans. The pharmacy and laboratory will (&e pstgi is)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 Police Get Together SHOP TALK was swapped last month when policemen from two widely separated jurisdictions Kilt together. Hosts were Capt. J. M. P'ahnestnck and men from the Cristobal Police District; thi> quests were 8upt. H. A. Larsen and members of hi^ Royal t'anadian Mounted Police command who were here on the motor schooner St. Roch. Barbecued venison, tropical style, and baby tapir are on the plates Captain Fahnestock and Superintendent Larsen are holding. The in4-foot Si. Roeh, which nets 80 tons, right, is the only ship to have gone through the Northwest Passage in both directions. The schooner was en route to Vancouver where she will be decommissioned and placed on exhibition in Stanley Park. Zone Schools Expect Increase Of 500 Pupils For New Record An increase of close to 500 pupils in the Canal Zone's United States schools is expected for the school year which begins next Thursday, according to the preopening planning of the Division of Schools. School officials, whose estimates have been uncannily correct in the past, expect that the largest increase, close to 400, will be shown in grades 1 through 6; this reflects the rising birth rate which began here and elsewhere —soon after the end of World War II and which has not decreased. An increase of about SO pupils is exp3cted in the secondary schools. Total enrollment in grades 1 through 12 last year was 6,485; for the coming school year about 6,850 pupils are expected in the 1 1 elementary and four secondary schools. New Faces Students will find new faces, some changes in structure and, for two groups, new subjects, when they return to their classrcoms. Nine new teachers have come from the United States to join the teaching staff of the elementary schools and seven special teachers for Spanish, all Panamanians, have been added to the schools staff. Eight teachers, new to the Isthmus, joined the faculties of the secondary schools and four new instructors are with the Physical Education and Recreation Branch, at Balboa. Five of the elementary schools have new principals this year. Miss Dova Antill, formerly at Pedro Miguel, moves to Ancon to replace Miss Florence Jacobs who retired in .June. Mrs. Elsie Naughton, formerly at Gamboa, replaces Miss Antill at Pedro Miguel, and Miss Ellie F. Fanning goes from a teaching position at the Balboa elementary school to (lamboa. On the Atlantic side. Miss Ruth Crozier, formerly principal at Gatun, moves to the Cristobal elementary school to replace Miss Lenora Smith who also retired this year. Miss Crozier will be succeeded at Gatun by George Gercich, formerly of the Cristobal elementary school faculty. School Districting Four new classrooms will be added this year at Fort Kobbe and one each at Cocoli and the North Margarita School. A reduction of one classroom each, however, will be made at Gamboa, Gatun, and Cristobal elementary schools. Several changes hqve also been made in school districting this year. Children living in the "Old Corral Area" in Ancon will attend Balboa elementary school rather than Ancon. Grade 6 children from Albrook Air Force Base, who were formerly at Balboa, will attend school at Fort Kobbe this year. Also going to Kobbe School will be Curundu children, in grades 5 and fi, who formerlv attended the Diablo Heights School. Fort Clayton children, split last year between Diablo Heights and Cocoli, will be divided this year as follows: Grades 1 and 2, Cocoli; grade .3, Diablo Heights; and grades 4, 5, and (See page is) Congress Passes Three Major Bills Affecting Zonians [EDITOR'S Note— News of the President's signature or veto of Vacation Travel and Fringe Benefits legislation was being awaited at press time.] Three pieces of hTi^htion benefiting employees of the Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone Government were passed by Congress in its closing sessions. A fourth bill, which w.ould have provided five percent pay raises for postal and classified employees, was passed by Congress but vetoed by the President. The three major pieces of legislation are: The bill providing low-cost group life insurance for all Federal employees; a bill providing fringe benefits, which will affect employees locally; and the bill providing that the employing agency pay the cost of round-trip vacation travel for its employees. The group insurance was made effective here with the pay period beginning August 29. An overwhelming percentage of Company-Government employees are participating. Last Monday the Personnel Bureau reported that only 97 out of the 3,850 employees who are eligible for the insurance have indicated that they are not interested. The others are automatically blanketed into the insurance coverage. It provides for insurance coverage up to the next $1,000 of annual salary at a cost of $6.50 per $1,000 of coverage; double indemnity in case of accidental death; disability payment for loss of an eye or eyes or limbs; free, though reduced, coverage on retirement for age or disability. Fringe Benefits Major provisions of the fringe benefits bill are: Longevity step increases for employees in grades 11 through 15; abolition of the CPC (Crafts, Protective, and Custodial) Schedules and transfer of employees in these ratings (such as lock guards, stewards, ground maintenance foreman) to other wage systems; extension of full time-and-a-half for overtime compensation to employees up to GS-9; authorization for a maximum allowance of $100 a year for employees (policemen, firemen, etc.) required to wear uniforms; and provision for lumpsum payment of current accrued annual or vacation leave to survivors of a deceased employee. Application of the vacation travel allowance, at the time this issue of The Panama Canal Review went to press, was waiting signature by the President and regulations prepared by the Bureau of the Budget. These regulations will establish broad policies to be followed by the overseas agencies. In general terms the bill provides for round-trip vacation transportation to employees of the Federal Government and its agencies, and their families, from their posts of duty overseas to their place of actual residence in the United States after completing an agreed period of service, which, in the case of Canal employees, is expected to be two years.


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Household Electrical Equipment Survey Begun For 60-Cycle Conversion Project The time when all Canal Zone households are served by 60-cvcle electric current moves a step closer this month with the beginning of a house-to-house survey of all frequency-sensitive electrical equipment in homes on the Atlantic side. A survey of the heavy, industrial-type equipment on the Atlantic side has been practically campleted and engineers assigned to the conversion project are scheduled tj begin work in the individual homes during the coming week. The survey is to be conductsd in Gatun first, to be followed by Margarita and the other Atlantic side communities. A team of five will be assigned to survey the household equipment. They are T. S. McKibbon, Ralph Otten, Leland Slick, George G. Bouche, and Hubert Oken. Survey Important Canal Zone residents are requested to give their full cooperation in making the survey, as this is one of the important phases of the multi-million-dollar conversion program which will require about five years for completion. In making the survey of domestic equipment, the men in charge will present proper credentials in calling at the homes. They will then inspect and list all frequency-sensitive equipment, including the serial and type numbers, and other pertinent information. Such domestic appliances as washing machines, refrigerators, clocks, ironers, sewing machines, record players, fans, vacuum cleaners, electric trains, and power motors will be listed. When the survey has been completed the individual owner will be furnished with a duplicate copy of the list. After this, it will be the responsibility of each owner to give notice of any change in the list— both new equipment installed or old equipment sold or discarded. Such notice must be made in writing to the Engineering and Construction Director. This requirement of furnishing supplemental information is important because of the necessity of ordering conversion parts at least a year in advance of the actual conversion. Under the overall policy of conversion, all regularly used frequency-sensitive equipment privately owned will be converted free of charge. Generally, only equipment or appliances in actual use or that which is deemed a reasonable reserve supply will be converted or replaced at Company expense. Pacific Side Next Year It is planned to complete the survey of domestic equipment on the Atlantic side early next year, after which the team will be immediately assigned to Pacific side communities. Under the present schedule the first use of 60-cycle current in homes on the Atlantic side will be the latter part of calendar year 1956 while Pacific side homes will not have 60-cycle current until sometime early in 195S. The survey and inventory of domestic equipment is but one of several important steps to be taken during this fiscal year in the conversion program. Contracts for approximately $2,00U,U0U Contractor' s Hill Excavation Passes 100,000Yard Figure %;.^j^ai^<£^^ GIANT SHOVELS on top of Contractors Hill, look like tiny specks when seen from a helicopter. This progress picture was taken the day after the 100,000th cubic yard of rock had been removed from the hill. The Contractors Hill project, which involves removal of some two million cubic yards of rock and earth, and stabilization of the slope of the hill, was considered as approximately 20 percent accomplished as August ended. The organization of Tecon, the contracting firm, is now set up, field oflices and shops established, and much preliminary work is now completed. This last includes the removal of the Gaillard memorial tablet from the hill facing the Canal and driving a tunnel into the hillside from the Canal bank, both of which have been done by subcontract. The 100,000-cubic-yard mark, for actual removal of the rock on the hill, was passed on August 26. The contractor is working on both the 370and 350-foot levels. The top of the hill formerly was 417 feet high; about 50 feet have been sliced off. A 3,450-pound dynamite blast, the heaviest fired to date, was exploded on August 25, the day before the hundredthousandth cubic yard was removed. This blast was one of three fired the same day. A total of 5,000 pounds of dynamite was used for the three blasts. The big blast was witnessed by a group of Latin American students who are attending the Engineer Division of the USARCARIB School. The 18 students represented Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Venezuela. Lt. Col. E. B. Jennings, Project Engineer, explained the work on the hill and Roy Ramer, Tecon superintendent, exworth of equipment and the expenditure of about $400,000 for the construction of a new substation at Mount Hope and the replacement of some facilities at the Gatun power station are other phases of the project authorized for this fiscal year. plained and demonstrated dynamite techniques. Later the visiting oflicers inspected the tunnel which runs 104 feet into an inspection room which is centered around the crack in the hill. In order to keep to a minimum the amount of rock which falls into the Canal the contractor stopped his heavy blasting about 20 to 25 feet from the face on the Canal side of the hill. This last few feet, which formed a sort of protective wall along the Canal, is drilled and blasted with small charges, placed and timed in such a way as to cause the wall to break and fall away from the Canal. By using this procedure the contractor has allowed very little rock to fall into the Canal to date. Two Former Canal Officials Named To States Positions Two former Canal oflicials, both retired from active Army duty, were appointed to new positions in the United States last month. Brig. Gen. Herbert D. Vogel, who served here first as Engineer of Maintenance and later as Lieutenant Governor, from July 1949, until May 1952, has been appointed by President Eisenhower, Chairman of the Board of the Tennessee Valley Authority. The other appointment is that of Maj. Gen. George W. Rice as Acting City Manager for San Antonio, Tex. General Rice was Chief Health Oflficer for the Canal organization from 1949 until 1952. After his retirement he and his family settled in San Antonio; he was made City Health Officer there July 1, 1953. As city manager, he succeeds Ralph Winton.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 The Budget: Here's How A Typical Item Is Handled Results Of Research Paraphrasing a familiar saying, a lot of people talk about "the budget" but fewknow anything about it. Some to hide their ignorance, and others, because they know, speak glowingly of "the budget" as if it were a baby brother. They talk in such tsrms as budget call, justifications, baby budgat, summary budget, budget review, policies and assumptions, budget hearings, firm justifications, defend the budget, cut the budget, the budget does not permit, allowances and allotments, apportioned funds, capital items, operating budgat, and so on ad infinitum. If you're in that 99.99 percent who is a novice at these things, don't let them fool you. All they mean is getting money and spending it. There's A Law Simmered down to the very lowest common denominator the budget for a (Government agency and the family budget proceed along the same general lines. The former is far more complicated and is ringed-around with far more rules for the protection of the Government's interests. On a strict family budget, money which has been set aside "for the movies is never transferred over to help buy a new set of tires for the car, but there's no law saying you can't do it. On a Government budget, money set aside or appropriated to repamt Gorgas Hospital can't be used to buy a new launch for the Navigation Division. There's a law says it can't. Time Is A Factor There is another big and notable difference between a Government and a household budget. That is time. Because of regulations and legislative processes involved, it is necessary, except for emergencies, to plan for the spending of money at least two years in advance. Let us suppose, for example, the Panama Canal Company plans to build a modest office or shop building in Balboa. Here are the budgetary processes that are followed from the time its need was conceived until the money becomes available to construct the building. 1. The Chief of "X" Division determines in July 1954 that a small shop building will be needed in Balboa for RECORD HOLDER More than one million stems of bananas were carried through the Panama Cana! last fiscal year by a single vessel. The ship was the motorship "Brazilian Reefer" which holds the 1954 fiscal year record for the number of Canal transits. Between July 1, lOSS, and June 30, 1954, the "Brazilian Reefer" transited the Canal 40 times, more than any other craft. On each northbound trip she carried about 56,000 stems of bananas from Esmeraldas, Ecuador, to New Orleans. Of Danish registry, the "Brazilian Reefer" is owned by J. Lauritzen of Copenhagen and is under charter to the Inter American Trust Corporation, whose local agents are the Continental Shipping Company of Panama City. She grosses 3.946 tons and is 407 feet overall. Her master is Capt. Frederik Matzen. work to be done in 1957, and recommends its construction to his Bureau Director. 2. In October and November of this year preliminary plans for the building "and an estimate of its cost are prepared and submitted to the Executive Planning Staff. Preliminary Budget 3. Before March 1955, after the need has been determined by Management, the Office of the Comptroller will include the item in th? preliminary budget document. 4. In March 1955 th? Governor will review this with th^ many other similar items presented by other divisions and units and will determine that it is a project to be submitted for approval to the Board of Directors. 5. Between March and June 1955, cost estimates for the project will be firmed up and a description of the project and general details for its construction will be prepared. Baby Budget 6. During May and June 1955, the Budget Staff in the Office of the Comptroller will include this item in the summary or "baby" budget prepared for approval by the Comptroller and the Governor-President. 7. In June 1955 the proposal to construct the building will be submitted with the many other items in the summary budget to a committee from the Board of Directors. These hearings will be attended by the Bureau Director concerned so that he can give additional background information on the need and plans for the building. 8. In June 1955 the Budget Staff will make any revisions necessary, based on committee action. To Bureau Of Budget 9. The Board of Directors will review and approve submission of the budget for construction of the building to the Bureau of the Budget. 10. In July 1955 the division will write up the full details and justification of the project as approved by the Board. 11. The proposal for the building will be included in the formal budget document which is prepared by the Budget Staff from July to early September 1955. The formal budget document includes this and all other information about the Company's forecast of operations for the fiscal year 1957. It must be submitted by the Governor-President to the Bureau of the Budget in Washington not later than September 15, 1955. 12. In October 1955 the Governor, accompanied by the Comptroller or other members of his staff, will attend hearings before Bureau of the Budget examiners. President's Budget 13. In October 1955 the Company will be notified by letter from the President of the United States that the building is authorized. These formal notifications are known as "Letters of Allowance" and indicate the President's desires concerning the proposed expenditures. If the project is denied the Company has an opportunity to appeal for reconsideration. 14. Budget estimates as finally approved then become "The President's Budget." In support of the President's SOME OF the Employee Relations data compiled from three years of research is examined by .J. B. Smith, Electric Engineer, right, and T. J. Wilber, Supervisory Administrative Assistant in the Electrical Division. The more than 400 pieces of literature cover Employee Relations Programs of 30 U. S. industrial companies and corporations employing a total of more than 1,500,000 employees. The data is being used to formulate the Electrical Division Employee Relations Program. budget, a book of justifications is prepared by the Budget Staff. For the building in question it will consist of a brief narrative description of the building and why it is needed. The book of justifications is prepared for use by the Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate. Congressional Hearings 15. In January 1956, the President will submit the Budget to the Congress. The Governor will attend hearings by the House Subcommittee on Canal Appropriations to defend and explain the budgets. If any question is raised about the building needed by Division "X," the Governor has additional information on costs, plans, and need for the structure. 16. Between February and April 1956, he will attend similar hearings by the Senate Subcommittee at which the procedure followed by the House is repeated. The Comptroller, the Secretary of the Company, and other members of the Staff will accompany the Governor to these Congressional hearings. 17. Congressional approval on the budget will be given between April and June. Cuts made by the House can be appealed to the Senate for restoration. Cuts initiated by the Senate can generally be appealed to the Joint Conference Committee. 18. A formal budget review will be made in July 1956 by the Board of Directors with an authorization to proceed with the building after action by Congress is final. 19. In July 19.56 the Company requests the Bureau of the Budget to "release" funds to construct the building. This is a part of the annual "apportionment of funds." Green Light 20. The final step, from the budget standpoint, will be the issuance of an allotment to Division "X" to construct its new building. This will be done in July 1956, just two years after the first formal steps were taken by the Chief of Division "X." These 20 steps tell generally the course of a budget item and give (See page lo)


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FR'TIUX AND FAL'T are checked out to readers over the desk in the main library at the Civil Affairs Building. Is There Anything You Want To Know? Just Ask The Staff Of The C. Z. Library Division, the central library remained open during the noon hour and after 4 o'clock, and a book-sehction committee was appcinted. By 1924 the library had almost 6,000 registered borrowers— today it has over

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION -i— CJMc— —/ ,, £ % S r _— _— — — AFTER YOUR VACATION -WHAT? "Ah, safe at home. "I would like another month to rest up." So says the employee just back from a Slatesside vacation. But — are you safest at Home? Let's take a look at your situation. Now you are low in cash and prefer to relax before getting back into harness. Hovvex-er, the hedge grew while you were awav, so, to save a couple bucks, you decide to trim it vourself. "What! You thought the stepladder had been repaired?" "Oh, well, a few nails and a cleat or two will lix it." The picture above shows the unsafe situation in which you are now involved. Will yon fall and break your neck, or just skin your elbows.' How about the wife? HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD JULY COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Community Services 5 Civil AfEairs 2 Health 2 Supply 1 Engineering and Construction Marine Transportation and Terminals Division Award For NO DISABLING INJURIES JULY DREDGING DIVISION RAILROAD DIVISION MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIVISION AIDS TO NAVIGATION SANIT ATION DIV ISION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Aids to Navigation. (> Sanitation 6 Motor Transportation _. 5 Service Center 5 Electrical 3 Grounds Maintenance 3 Dredging 2 Hospitalization and Clinics 2 Railroad 2 Industrial I Maintenance 1 Navigation 1 Storehouses 1 Commissary Locks Terminals Well, cm \acalion she did no cooking, nn house cleaning, and you paid the billLook at her now! She has been tormenting you to haxtilu(oaster and the floor lamps repaired. Now you see her attempting to fix the electrical system with a pair of scissors. Should we call an ambulance, turn in a lire alarm, or let nature take its course? What are the kids up to? Jiniior had a lousy time in the States trailing around after a lot of old people. Now all the gang is back, and the girls are keener. He is all set to make up for lost time. He dashes off in your car. Mary Lou passes them balanced on the back end of a smooth cycle with plenty horses. Her steady can slide through traffic at 70 per without scratching a lender. They must hurry; hea\y date on this evening. Will Junior survive to make the football team, or only tire himself out dashing from date to date? Will Mary Lou become a fatality statistic in the almost certainty of the next spill, or only mash her pretty little face? JohiHiy, 8. what is he doing? Looks like he is plajing Cowboy and Indian. He is defending a fort which is the scafl'olding around those new houses being built by the contractors. Even with superior guns the enenn' is hard to hit. You see him yelling at an Indian in the bushes, "You're dead!" The $64 question is: W'ill he sur\ive *'>L5'^'^^>^ ^y^S I '.. -rP.' VV">B^ being shot off the scafi'olding, or will he fall trving to escape the hail of imaginary bullets? Little Cindy, 5 — look what she is doing! She has abandoned her tricycle in the street and is now hiding between the parked cars, preparing to dash out in front of an oncoming car. Is it some sort of game, or are they just doing it to annoy the driver of the automobile? Well, \ou may not be up in the air al)Out \()tir own or your family's salet\': your wile may prefer to work on the assumption that out of sight, not her responsibility, but the bab>-, in reaching for the hot pan, will bring her back to reality. What will bring you back to earth? Will it take a plaster cast and traction on your leg to make you realize that Occident prevention is more than a catch slogan invented by Safety Engineers? JULY 1954 C. Z. Covl.-Panama Canal Co. ( LasI 3-Year Av.) Cofflmunily Services Bureau Marine Bureau Engineering and Conslruclion Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau Supply Bureau Health Bureau C. Z.Govl.-Panama Canal Co. (This IVlonlh) Transporlalion and Terminals Bureau Number of Disabling Injuries. 47 Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked ( Frequency Rale) 10 20 30 40 5 3 3 13 ^H ^^^m 14 d lb PPI HMOTfc 1'' im = le Bl ii \ •',',. ....-'il '-" PP ^^W= 3 17 PIP impHt= a 1 VHHtVWi < — 1 K%vr 1 ''-• piliilWfc:;^ =d 1 ."..'. v.". '.•.'. •:-:-:-:-;:;:i 1 Man-Hours Worked... ....2,339,319 LEGEND J Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government — Panama Canal Company Last 3Year Average 3 Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government — Panama Canal Company Last 3Year Average Ij^^^jijgja Accumulative Frequency Rate This Year


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Printing Plant Mount Hopr, Canal Zone John S. Seybold, Governor-President H. 0. Paxson, Lieutenant Governor William G. Arey, Jr. Public Information Officer J. RuFUS Hardy, Editor Eleanor H. McIlhenny Editorial Assistant SUBSCRIPTION— $1.00 a year SINGLE COPIES -5 cents each On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date. SINGLECOPIESBY MAIL— 10 cents each B.\CK COPIES— 10 cents each On sale when available, from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights. Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. New Director ONETIME BLUEPRINT BOY for the Isthmian Canal Cnmmission, Theodore H. Maenner. above, is now a director for the Panama Canal Company. His father, Ludwig T. Maenner was chief draftsman in the Engineering Department at Culebra and the son worked there in 1 907. Mr. Maenner is now a well-known Omaha businessman, with wide interests in real estate, sales management, and insurance. A graduate architect, he is particularly interested in housing, both conventional and prefabricated. Recently he built a large number of Gunnison Homes, one of the prefabricated models now being produced in the United States. In addition to hi.s business interests, he has been active in Omaha civic affairs and in state ami national politics. OF CURRENT INTEREST TV Team At Work A TOWING LOCOMOTIVE provided a mobile platform for the Columbia Broadcasting System television team which spent two weeks here last month photographmg operations of the Panama Canal. The story of how a ship travels from ocean to ocean and some of the many operations involved in a transit was to be told in Edward R. Murrow's "See It Now" program. The three-man television team transited the Canal, took several thousand feet of sound film from various spots along the Canal banks, visited Contractors Hill, took close-up pictures of the Locks machinery, the control houses and the marine traffic board and, to tie it all together, interviewed Governor Seybold on the overall picture. Members of the TV team were Ed Scott, former newspaperman and editor of the show; Leo Rossi, veteran cameraman; and Robert Huttenloch. sound teehnici™The responsibility for all field and depot maintenance and repair of Maintenance Division heavy equipment and equipment of the Police Division was transferred last month to the Motor Transportation Division. In effect, all but field running repairs will be handled by Motor Transportation Division repair shops. This involved the transfer to the Motor Transportation Division of three mechanics and a third-year apprenticemechanic from the Maintenance Division and of two police motor vehicle inspectors from the Police Division. School to Gorgona Road were completed during the past week. Completion date for the entire project, which includes placing of top soil and sprigging, is October 2. The drainage culvert, which will divert drainage from the Ridge Road area away from Balboa Flats, is being constructed under contract by Bildon, Inc. -Applicants for the Canal Zone appointment to the new Air Force .Academy will be go\erned by the same eligibility regulations which are in ett'ect for the I'uited States Military and Naval .Academies, according to information received at Balboa Heights last month from the Department of the -\ir Force. I he Governor of the Canal Zone will nominate 10 candidates to the -Air Force Academy this year, of which one will be appointed b\' the President. The date when applications are to be submitted will be annouirced later. .Applicants must be I'nited States citizens, sons of civilians residing in the Canal Zone, or sons of civilian employees of the U. S. Government and Panama Canal CompanyCanal Zone Government residing in the Republic, of good moral character, between 17 and 24 years of age, and unmarried. In addition thev must be medically qualified for flying. The first class, of 300 .\ir Force Cadets, will be admitted to the .Vcadenn at its temporary location next July. Canal Zone candidates will be tested for leadership potentialities and pilot aptitude, and gi\en a hnal medical e.xamination for flyiiig training at .Albrook .Air Force Base. 1 he Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone Government has been invited to submit nominations for the Rockefeller Public Service .Aw-ards which was established at Princeton University two years ago. Employees may become candidates either by nomination by their agencies or by individual application. Forms on which the applications may be submitted arc available at the ofilice of Daniel J. Paolucci, Training Officer, iii the Personnel Bureau. The grants provide for awards to be made annually over a period of three years. They are sufficient to enable a recipient to spend from six to 12 months in residence at the institution of his individual choice or in some comparable educative activity. The program is open to career employees whose performance has been distinguished by intellectual maturity, leadership, character, and competence and who wish to make public service their career. It is designed to provide outstanding employees with opportunities for olf-the-job development. The new Balboa Heights drainage culvert, which runs from the Ridge Road area to connect with the large Curundu culvert, is scheduled for completion about mid-September, except for conditioning of the ground surface where excavation was made during the work. The sections under Roosevelt Avenue and from the Balboa Elementary Capt. William J. Lober, Jr., assistant professor of military science and tactics at Cristobal High School for the past vear, has been appointed to head the Canal Zone High School Junior ROTC unit. He replaced Capt. Earl J. Wilson who left for the United States last month. A native of Pennsylvania, Captain Lober is a graduate of Western Reserve University. He served with the Army in Europe from 1944 to 1948. His latest combat service was in Korea where he was commanding officer of Company C of the 15th Infantry Regiment. He came to the Canal Zone last August and was promoted to captain last December.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 Canal Purchases Exceed $8,500,000 In 4 Years From Sources In Panama During the past four years dii-ect purchases amounting to more than eight and a half million dollars have been made liy the Panama Canal orga'iization from su])pliers in the Republic of Panama. The totals for the past four fiscal years are: Iflol $1,525,000 ll2 2,0(52,000 I'.OH ._ 2,585,000 l54_ ,_ 2,451,000 TotaL $8 ,623 ,000 PAXA.MA-CROWX PINEAPPLE is am uf al)out 15 diffeiviit kinds of native fruit which are bought regularly by Arthur S. Miller. Commissary buyer, at the public market. He is shown here making a selection of the fruit at one of the many colorful fruit stalls at the market which he visits every morning. .APPROXLMATELV $lti5.UU0 worth of Panama eemi-nt was purchased 1.;, tatI'.iodiua i„i,ai Company during the past fiscal year. This is one of the principal items of locally-produced supplies bought for use in the Canal Zone. The amount of cement bought last year was somewhat below the previous year because of the drop in amount of quarters construction. Above is a view of the big plant of Cemento Panama, S. A., on the Boyd-Roosevelt Highway. This amount of money spent in direct purchases by the Canal organization is exclusive of similar purchases made by other United States Government agencies represented in the Canal Zone; purchases by individuals; and purchases of building and other materials made by contractors for United States Government work in the Zone. The impressive total of over eight and a half millijn dollars is derived from many different sourcesfarm produce, seafoods, forest products, building materials, machinery and parts, clothing, beverages, reading material, office equipment, and services such as motion picture film rentals. 112 Diiferent Items During the last three months of the past fiscal year, which ended June 30, a total of 112 different items made up the direct purchase list. Some items are small in value, amounting to a few dollars, while others such as Panama beef and locally manufactured cement run well into six figures over a year's period. Many difi'erent sources are tapped and buyers are constantly on the alert for new items which can be bought locally. While the purchase of native fruits and vegetables makes up only about 10 percent of the total purchases, it is an interesting facet of the overall local-purchase program and is of great importance to manv farmers miles away from the city. During the past few years the amount of fruits and vegetables purchased THE CANAL ZONE is an important marl^et fur lnveragc nianufactui urs in the Republic of Panama. These sales amount to over $10,0(10 monthly. The Commissaries and Service Cetiter.s are botli big outlets. Abovo, cases of soft drinks are being stacked m a Service Center storeroom. NATIVE SQUASH which resemble baby pumpkins are bought fresh from the big public market in Panama City. During the last quarter of the past fiscal year more than 20.000 pounds of squash were bought. One of the "wholesalers" at the market is shown above picking out s(|uasli for the Commissary Division while buyer Arthur S. Miller looks on.


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Panama's Public Market Is Daily Supply Source For Fruits, Vegetables locally by the Commissary Division has been more than doubled as more and more agricultural areas in the Republic are developed and marketing procedures are improved. Perhaps little known to the average Commissary patron is the fact that much of the fresh fruits and vegetables on sale come direct from the big, colorful public market on Panama Bay in the heart of downtown Panama City. It is interesting to know that: Not long after sunup every weekday a half-ton pickup truck is parked near the bustling market and the driver begins what looks like a leisurely round among the busy stalls where almost every conceivable item of food is being offered for sale. His trip, however, is by no means one of bisure. He is intent on what is being offered for sale, its quality, the quantity, and the price. Shrimp and Squash Some two or more hours after entering the market on any given day he probably has bought .5,000 paunds of corbina and 750 pounds of shrimp just caught in Panama Bay, 2,000 pounds of squash, 200 stems of bananas, and 10,000 pounds of Chiriqui-grown cabbage. He pays spot cash for every purchase. While most of the purchases are made through "wholesalers" at the market, the money spent is a direct aid to some farmer from Sona or Chepo, or some fisherman from Otoque who brought his produce in that morning before daylight. The buyer is Arthur S. Miller, who is assigned by the Panama Canal Company's Commissary Division to the purchase of native-grown food products. His daily visit to the public market is but one of his many duties in his overall assignment. The direct and spot-cash purchases he makes at the public market are not impressively large— sometimes as high as $3,000 a week — but (See page 12) PRACTICALLY .ALL of the sugar sold in the (.'anal Commissaries is now lieing supplied by Panama producers. The sugar undergoes tests at the Commissary Division's Industrial Laboratory for purity and fineness. .Above, E. C. Orr, Chemitt, is examining a new shipment of Panama sugar supplied under contract by "La Estrella" sugar mills of Rodolfo Chiari. fajitfp^i ii*.MILLIO.XS UF board feet of native lumber have been used during the big quarters construction program of the Panama Canal Company during the past four years. Both logs and milled lumber are bought direct from Panama suppliers. A supply of native lumber is shown above being stacked in the Balboa Storehoute. .AX'.AVER AGE of about 20,000 pounds of .-eafood is purchased monthly by the Commissary Division in the Republic of Panama. Most of this is bought directly at the public market. .Above, Commissary buyer .Arthur S. Miller examines a catch of fresh fish .inrl* shrimp 'being otTered by Knrinue Cambra. Turtli's and lolistei's in sizable (piantities are also bought in Panama. SHIRTS M.ANUFACTURED in Panama are a comparatively recent item in the Commissaries. One of the Commissary salesmen is demonstrating one of the camisillas tipicas to a customer who is already wearing a Panama souvenir jacket. X'ew it<'ms from local suppliers are being constantly addeil as they become available in sufficient (juantities.


10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Sepfember 3, 1954 Up And Down The Banks Of The Canal Engineering and Construction Civil Affairs Bureau .\kl\ ill K. Millard, Safety KMsjinccr. lias l)een appointed Facility Defense Coordinator, for the Eni;ineeriiig and Construction Bureau to implement the civil defense responsibility assigned to the bureau. He will have as stalT chiefs; Nelson K. Wise, of the Maintenance Division; Ko-,;er M. Howe and B. J. Brown, of the Engineering l)i\isioa. Appointed assistant staff chiefs are Nelson W. Magner, Maintenance Di\ision, and C. I^. Newhard, Electrical Division. • • • Fred EiijicI, sliL-iiiiicial worker in the MaiiiIcnanrc Division in Balhini, is l>utling into effect some neif technique in welding alloys. During his recent vacation trip to the States, Mr. Kngel spent about two weeks of his own time in taking a course of instruction at the Electric Welding Alloys Corporation in Mew York City. • • • Another Maintenance Division employee, Gale A. O'Conncll, .Architectural Engineer (Estimator), on the .Atlantic side, also recently completed a training course. In a letter to the Personnel Director, the International Correspondence .Schools announced that he was a June graduate of the school's Building Contractor's course. The school authorities stated that he completed S16 study hours and passed the course with high grades. • • • Maintenance Division forces have been engaged for the past month in correcting damage done by minor landslides in the new Paraiso housing areas. One of the slides dislocated a part of a 20-inch storm sewer, requiring its realignment. And, about 1,500 feet of sheet piling was driven at a slide on Espalaba Street. • • • Residents of the Gatun Lake town of Lagnna and personnel of the Dredging Division joined forces last month to clear the channel and dock area of water h\'acinths, grass islands, and other debris washed down from rivers by hea\y rains. One foreman and 10 local-rate employees were assigned to assist the townspeople of Lagnna to reestablish their water communications with the outside world. .\n unusualh' large amount of debris and water hyacinths were remoxed from Canal waters during the past few weeks. They were brought in by Ireshets on the upper Chagres and Mandinga Rivers. The Dredging Di\ ision re[no\ed or destroyed an estimated 1.574,000 plants in Jul\-. • • • The big suction dredge "Mindi" was working farther out into open water last month than a non-sea-going dredge has been used in Canal waters. It was dredging in the anchorage just insi 1" the breakwater at Cristobal harbor. This is a two-year project which will be sandwiched in between normal naintenanco work. The "Mindi" is scheduled to do 120 work days on this project during the present fiscal year. • • • K. E. I.. Brown and .Allen K. .Miller, of the Electrical Division's main office, have been transferred to the Engineering Division on a loan basis for an indefinite period to assist in the 60-cycle conversion program. Earl (). Dailey will also he temporarily "loaned" for the same purpose when he completes a temporary assignment at the Electrical Division's field office at Mount Hope. • • • About 60 Electrical Division employees attended a "get-together" party at the Balboa Field Office on Friday, August 13. Fried fish, fish salad, and seviche were the main courses made up from donations from catches by Don Hutchison in the "Hula" and D. H. Spencer of the "Tin Goose." The party was attended by Col. Hugh Arnold, Engineering and Construction Director, and .1. Hartley Smith, Electrical Engineer. INSEPARABLE COMP.AX'IONS are Tina, toy terrior who weighs in at 3K pounds and Gretchen, 55-pound boxer. Nobody, even veterinarians with anti-rabies shots, had better interfere with Tina, Gretchen thinks. Gretchen's owner George Daniels, assured her that The Review photogi-apher was all right, hence her disinterested air. Quick action prevented a possible catastrophe during the recent dog vaccinating and licensing program in Balboa. Gretchen, a 55-pound boxer, and Tina, a three and one-half pound toy terrier, both residents of San Juan Place in Ancon, have become fast friends. Gretchen sprang to her young friend's defense as the vaccinating needle was about to bs wielded by the veterinarian, but quick action by their owners prevented mayhem. Gretchen is owned by Marjorie and George Daniels, while Tina is the pride of their neighbors, Marjorie and Eddie Jones. Gretchen has become the selfappointed protector of her less husky sister and even resents paper spankings by her owners. • • • .After five years as Dri\er Examiner on the Pacific side for persons seeking chauffeur licenses. Policeman John F. McDowell is being transferred to other duties at his request. He left the Isthmus early last month on emergency leTX'c because of the death of his father in I'arrxlown, \. ^". Upon his return, he will report for dut\' at Balboa with the dual rating of Policeman and Motorcycle Officer. His place as Dri\er Examiner has been filled 1)\Policeman William .Adams who has lieen on duty as Harbor Patrolman. The latter job is now being filled bv Policeman W. T. Nail. • • • Harry E. Brown, Regvinal Administrator of the Federal Civil Defasr Administration, with headquarters at Thomasville,Ga., paid an inspection visit to the Canal Zone on August 23 and 24. During his visit he conferred with William G. Dolan, Chief of Civil Defense, and many other Canal offi'!.:ls on civil d-fensr plans for the Canal Zone. • • • Plans are already being formulated for the annual observance of Fire Prevention Week on the Isthmus which will be held this year during the week beginning October i. Several meetings have already be n held by the Joint Fire Fighting Board to plan the activities. Special movies and a visit to local fire stations are among the many activities planned during the week set aside by Presidential proclamation to call attention to the tragic loss of life and damage to property by fires throughout the nation every year. Governor's Office Mrs. Irene .S. Walling, who was recently transferred from the Police Division to the Office of General Counsel, has the honor of becoming the first woman member of the Canal Zone Police Association. She was voted an honorary membership in the organization, hitherto confined to the men, following h'-r transfer. Mrs. Lydia Nadeau is now acting as Secretary to the Governor. She is taking the place of Miss Mary Maguire who sailed last month for vacation in Maine and New York. George L. Crown, who recently joined the •'tiff of the Office of the General Counsel, was admitted to the bar of the United States District Court for the Canal Zone last month. Community Services Bureau Walter R.\ Chief of the Grounds Maintenance Di\ ision and for many years head of the Canal Zone P^xperiment Garliens. gave members of the Canal Zone Police Force some pointers on the botanical identification of marihuana. He spoke at the Police Training Center in Cristobal on .\ugnst 17. He also gave a talk to the Natural History Society recently and is to gi\e a repeat talk to the College Chdi in Cristobal on September 14. Newlyweds of the Grounds Maintenance Division were guests at a party given by division personnel in Cristobal last month. They were Gene Clinchard, the division superintendent on the Atlantic side, and his bride, the former Miss Vanja Wessman, of Stockholm. Sweden. The bride was presented with an electric toaster and iron. • • • Alfred Houston, who is well known for the good food served under his stipervision at the Balboa .Service Center, will have an opportunity to familiarize himself with some of the latest developments in restaurant equipment and management. He is presently on vacation in Missouri and will attend the Missouri Restaurant Association Convention in St. Louis from September A' through 11 as the Canal Zone representative. Mr. Houston is the chief restaurant manager for the Service Center Division. Balboa theater patrons had their first view of a cinemascope motion picture there last month when "The Robe" was presented, beginning .August 20. The latest wide-screen and Cinemascope pictures are being booked for presL'ntation at Balboa, Cristobal, Diablo Heights, and Margarita. Special lenses and wide screens for all these theaters have been received or are on order. Mrs. Golden E. Brandom, clerk-typist in the Balboa Housing Office will enter the motel business in Te.xas. She resigned and left early last month with her husband, Gordon H. Brandom, for Corpus Christi where they have bought a si.x-unit motel. Col. Richardson Selee, fornierh' Ci\ il \ffairs Director, was brought up to date late last month on man>happenings in the Canal Zone since his departure nearly a \ear ago by Henry L. Donovan who succeeded him as head of the Civil .Affairs Bureau. Mr. Donovan left at the end ol July for a visit in Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, and New York. He and Colonel Selee met in New York City during his \isit there. Colonel Selee, now with the I'tah Construction Company, is temporarily on assignment in New York. During Mr. Donovan's absence, James M.irsliall, Chief of the Postal, Customs, and 1 iiiniigi .Il inn Di\isiini, was acting as Ci\ il .\llairs 1 )irector.


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Office of the Comptroller R. T. Vestal, of the Accounting Systetnx Staff, toi;cther with a groufi of accountants from the Office of the Comptroller, is presently engaged in selling up a revised accounting system for Gorgas and Cnlnn Hospitals. The Plant Inventory anil Appraisal Staff is working on the evaluation of the Panama Railroad, Miraflores Bridge and the floating equipment of the Aids to Navigation Section. • • • Thomas H. Scott, of the Accounting Systems Staff, has just completed a two week's official business trip to the L'ntted Slates. During his visit he conferred with the staff of the New York Office, the Systems Division of the General Accounting Office in Washington, and visited several machine accounting installations in private industry and Government. Marine Bureau Supply Bureau ANNIVERSARIES Oven-fresh bread is now being delivered to the Commissary stores when they open every day. The new system was inaugurated .•\ugust 16. Deliveries are made direct by truck-trailer, making it possible to bake bread at night and deliver it to stores ready for sale when they open. A minor drawback is that the change in baking schedules prevents visitors from seeing the interesting machinery in operation unless they can arrange visits between midnight and 4:30 o'clock in the morning. • • • Two Commissary Division buyers are in the States now to inspect, select, and buy. They are Edward E. Eder, Housewares Buyer, and T. G. Relihan, Drygoods Buyer. Mr. Eder will return about September 20 and his selections will begin to make their appearance in the stores soon afterwards. Mr. Relihan will stay until about the middle of October. He will make a selection of ne.xl summer's dresses now being modelled as well as review the market for men's, women's, and children's wear. • • • With the fairly constant arrival of new grocery items, mostly selected as a result of customers suggestions, "new item" counters have been set up in the various Commissary stores. Most of the items are bought first in small quantities to test customer reaction, and the division will welcome comments, favorable or adverse, in determining need for re-orders. The "new itent" space in the Balboa Commissary is on top of the pre-packaged meat cases. • • • Reuben S. Fuller, local-rate deliveryman and veteran employee in the Commissary Division, retired from service at the end of August. He plans to make his home on the Isthmus for a time. • • • Joseph Rankin has been selected for (ippoinlnieni as guard at the Mount Hope enclosed area. He was formerly employed in the Commissary Division's Battery Charging .Shop. • • • The local-rate personnel of Cristobal Storehouse will be hosts to their coworkers from Balboa at a "Grand Storehouse Field Day" Saturday at the Rainbow City playground. The activities will open at 9 o'clock in the morning. Events will include Softball, volleyball, table tennis, swimming, track events, dominoes and checkers tournaments, and probable dance music. The management committee for tomorrow's field day includes Torrence Burrows, Vivian Smith, Ervin Ottley, \'incent Wong, Claude Bellamy, and Dave White. • • • One of the largest shipments of explosives handled in many years by the Storehouse Division was 92,000 pounds of dynamite for the Tecon Corporation for use in the Contractors Hill project which arrived last month. It is a sizable part of about 1.(100,000 pounds of explosives estimated lor the entire job. ROSCOE M. COLLINS R. M. Collins, who has had more than 25 years of experience in marine work in the U. S. Navy and with the Panama Canal, has been appointed Harbormaster in Balboa to succeed Arthur S. Wilson who retired last month. A native of Orleans, Ind., Mr. Collins entered the Navy when he was only 17 years old. He first came to the Isthmus in 1930 and served three years with the 15th Naval District. He was employed Coxswain Engineer by the Canal March 3, 1934 and has served continuously in the Marine Bureau except for a year and a half with the Navy during World War II. He has been employed as dock foreman in Balboa since the war. G. E. Riley, Jr., has been promoted from Supervisory Signalman to Mr. Collins' job as Dock Foreman. Peter Bolton, who was employed on the Pilot force last month, was born in Oakland. Calif., but has spent most of his life in .luslralia. He went to Australia when a child and received his education in Melbourne. He returned to the United States in 1140 and joined the Merchant Marine Service. He was employed in that service until the end of the war when he Joined the Pacific Micronesian Line at Guam where he was master of one of the line's ships and later became .Assistant Port Captain at Guam. Transportation and Terminals Bureau The first whaling fleet to transit the Panama Canal since October 1951, began arriving in Cristobal .August 20. The entire fleet is en route from Hamburg and Kiel, Germany, to whaling groimds in the .-Xntarctic. .Arrival of the whalers brought a family reunion here. Captain-Gunner of the catcher Olympic Conqueror is Bjarne .A. -Andersen a first cousin of B. I. Everson, Transportation and Terminals Director. They last met when Captain .Andersen's ship was returning to Europe from the whaling groimds over two years ago. Some of the whalers required voyage repairs at the Industrial Division shops at Mount Hope before they began their Canal transits. Mother ship of the whaling fleet is the Olympic Challenger, which arrived in Cristcjbal .August 24 and transited the following da\-. The whale catchers are the Olympic Winner, Olympic Victor, Olympic Champion, Olympic Lightning. Olympic Fighter, Olympic Leader, Olympic Conqueror, Olympic Tracer, Olympic Cruiser II, Olympic Arrow, and Olympic Explorer. The mother ship and some of the catchers went through the Canal northbound in March 1952. The crews are Germans but all catchergunners are Norwegian. August w-as a big month for Robert Wayland White, top man Intwo days on this month's list of anni\ersaries. Mr. White not onl\celebrated the completion of 30 years of go\ernnient ser\ice, but he also retired from the Canal organization. He and Mrs. White will go first to Grand Rapids, Mich., and then to Florida. .A native of Ivy Depot, \'a.. he had come here in 1925 to work with the Commissar>Divisioii, as a meat cutter. In 1942 he transferred to the Motor Transportation Division as a chaufienr and two \ears later moved to the Division of Storehouses as a Ganger and Cribtender Foreman. .At the time of his retirement he was a Steam Engineer with the Marine Bunkering Section of the Mount Hope Oil Plant. Two other Canal emplo\ees. both lockmasters on the Pacific Locks, also completed 30 years of service in .August. Thev are Texas-born Frank O. Bryan, whose j(]b takes him the length of Pedro .Miguel Loc'ks sescral times a da\-, and Bronson B. Powell, whose father had also worked on the locks. Mr. Bryan's ser\ice date is •August 24, Mr. Powell's one day later. Mr. Powell's service is continuous. Quarter-century anniversaries were marked up by four employees in .August: Mark Z. Brandon, Jr., Superintendent of Mails at Balboa; Norbert A. Jones, a nati\e Zonian now with the .Accounting l)i\ision as an .Accounting Clerk; Jerome E. Steiner, Cash .Accounting .Assistant with the Fiscal Division; and Clarence H. True, General Engineer with the Plant Inventory and .Appraisal Staff. Mr. Brandon and i\Ir. Steiner have unbroken service Two pairs of this month's 20-year emphnees ha\e identical service dates. Marcelino Figueroa, Floating Equipment Oiler lor the Dredging Division, and John H. Poole, Jr., Telephone Installer-Maintaintr lor the Electrical Di\ision, went to work for the Canal on the same day — August I. 1934. C. W. Chase, Jr., Chief of the Construction and Maintenance Branch of the Electrical Division, and Francis J. Harrington, Pilot in the Naxigation I)i\ision, share the same service date: .August 14, 1934. -AH lour have continuous service. Others who completed 20 years of government service in .August and whose Canal service is unbroken are Mrs. Robin L. Comer, -Accounting Clerk with the Terminals Division; Capt. Benjamin \. Darden of the Canal Zone Police; James G. Slice, Guard Supervisor at the Pacific Locks; and Edward N. Stokes, Superintendent of the Railroad Division. .Also on the 20-year list in .August, but with broken Canal service, are: Eugene White, Signalman in the Navigation Division; and James C. Wood, Customs Inspector with the .\a\igation T)i\-ision. Fifteen-year emp!o\ees, with continuous Canal service, are: Ralph Curies, Towboat Master, Navigation Division; Charles B. Douglas, Powerhouse Operator-Dispatcher, Electrical Division; Monrad J. Gruentr, also a Powerhouse OperatorDispatcher; Elmer Kanz, Hydraulic Engineer, Meteorolog\and Hvdrographic Branch; Nathaniel Litvin, Mechanical Engineer, Engineering Division; Chester A. Luhr, Locks Operator Blacksmith, Pacific LiK'ks; Edward W. Millspaugh, Lock Operator Pipefitter, Locks Division; and Louis Pierobon, Sheetmetal Worker Leader, Maintenance Division. 'Those who completed 15-years of Government service but whose Canal service has been broken are: George A. Black, Jr., Tabulation Planner, I)ivision of .Storehouses; Dick R. Brandom, Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division; Esther P. Currier, Cash .Accounting Clerk, Commissarv' f^ivision; Benjamin S. Favorite, Jr., Electric Welder, Industrial Division; Eugene E. Hamlin, Jr., .Admcasurer, Navigation Division; Edward E. Kennerd, Water Meter Inspector, Water and Laboratories Branch; William K. Marks, Electrician, Terminals Division; John A. Snodgrass, Plumber. Maintenance Divisioii; and Peter A. Warner, Public Works ForemaTi, Maintenance Division.


12 THEfPANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 Panama's Public Market is Daily Supply Source For Fruits, Vegetables {Continued from page !t) over il period of a year thev amount up to somethin<; over $100,()()(). In most instances the purchases at the public mari

Sepfember 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 Back To School POLICE SGT. JACK F. MORRIS Sgt. Jack F. Morris, haHislics expert of the Canal Zone Police, began a 12-week course of training at the F. B. I. National Academy last Monday. The invitation to attend the 54th Session of the Academy was received from J. Edgar Hoover. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, by Maj. George Herman, Chief of Police. Sergeant Morris, a native of Tennessee, has been a member of the Zone Police Force for the past 19 years. In addition to his duties as ballistics expert, he is also instructor in firearms training for the division and training instructor of probationary policemen. Zone Schools Expect Increase Of 500 Pupils For New Record {Continued from page 2) 6 to Pedro Miguel. Clayton kindergarteners will also go to Pedro Miguel. Spanish and Shorthand For the first time this year Spanish will be taught in grades 1 through 3. Formerly Spanish instruction did not begin until the fourth grade. The teachers will be three teams of three teachers each, specializing in the lower grades on spoken Spanish and working with wire recorders and other modern equipment. All of the Spanish teachers are Panamanian and all have had advanc?d training in the United States. A new course is being added this year in the two senior high schools. This is advanced shorthand, being taught at this level for the first time. Returning students will find a number of physical changes, most of them exterior. Balboa elementary school students will have their first real playground; the Ancon playground has been completely reconditioned, and the surface of the Fort Kobbe playground has been treated with rockdust. New playground equipment has been placed at the South Margarita elementary school. Shelters Covered passageways, to protect the school children from the rain while boarding busses or other transportation, are being installed at the Balboa ehmentary school and at the Gamboa school. For the first time, a covered passageway will link the Balboa high school and gymnasium. Building 838, formerly used as men's bachelor quarters, on Balboa Road is to be the dormitory for men students at the Canal Zone Junior College this year. THERE'S NOTHING more discouraging to a woman than to get a new hair-do, bake a special pie, or whip up a set of drapes and have the man she promised to love and honor ignore her, it, or them. That's the way Commissary buyers feel about the things they've gone to a lot of thought to get for you. They don't know whether to get more of the same or not unless the customer tells them. On a nev/ item a sell-out isn't a true indication; customers might buy something just because it's new and might have no intention of repeating the purchase. Take groceries. The stores' food sections have been showing some special candies and cookies, and a new appetizer Tell the or two. They will be reordered Manager if shoppers will let their commissary managers know they wont them, otherwise, the whole business is a sort of crystal boil guess. All of which leads up to; Have you tried the new Whitman s bonbons, in 6-ounce to 1 -pound boxes, at 49 cents to $1.29 a box? FORKS are In order for another new grocery item preserves and jam made and bottled in Boquete, Panama's garden spot. These are of a denser texture than similar U. S. products because Boquetefios like them that way. Strawberry and blackberry preserves ore 48 cents a pound jar; pineapple-mango preserves sell for 42 cents a jar. Mango jelly is also 42 cents a jar. We have asked a number of Bay Staters and they can't help. Anyway, a new line of cookies made by the Megowan New Educator Food Company — they Cookies make Crax — includes Cape Cod cookies in a 10-ounce package, and Bostonian cookies in a package on ounce smaller. In all, 16 new products by this firm are due soon in the Commissaries at popular prices. If they're as good as Crax, they re worth getting lo know. NOT FAR from the food line are things to prepare food. The Commissaries now have long skewers, the 12-inch length, for cooking "steak on a stick," fish, or shish [kabobs, that luscious and traditional specialty of the Middle East. The skewers are chrome-plated, come four to a set for 60 cents; at Balboa, Ancon, and Cristobal. Therma-glasses, tumblers made of double plastic enclosing an air space, are available in 4 pieces, at $1.65, and eight, at $3.45, which includes stirrers. Another new household item is designed to remove the dreary musty smell which affects the best-kept mattress at this time Fresh as of year. Called Mattress-Fresh, a Daisy it comes in a 6-ounce spray can, for 65 cents and is non-allergic and non-toxic. The manufacturer claims it leaves mattresses "fresh as a daisy, and with no more perfume than a daisy has. SMOKERS will be pleased with the new line of Ronson lighters, from $2.50 to $8.25. There is "Whirlwind," in chrome; "Triumph," another all-chrome model; and "Windsor" which combines gleoming chrome with black onyx, deep ruby, emerald green, and turquoise, so Ronson od-writers say. Now for clothes: For States-bound men are hand-loomed, Harris tweed topcoats at $37.25, in sizes 36 lo 42, in All Wool brown, gray, or blue. Some of the coats were lost in transit so all sizes are not available in all colors. At Balboa and Cristobal. Chilly winter mornings will be more comfortable if he is wearing one of the new wool robes, 100 percent from the sheep, at $13.25. ISTHMIAN-LIVING men now have their choice of docron slacks, at $8.25, or the new dacron-nylon combination, at $9.50 a pair. They come in ton, blue, and gray. (Why doesn't someone think up some new names for the colors of men's clothes?) The dacron-nylon slacks are especially lightweight, wrinkle-resistant; both dacron alone and dacron in combination shed water like the usual duck. For the girls, from 3 to 63, the Commissaries have new Cotalino swim-suits, just down from California. Pre-schoolers rate In the ginghams or loslex, $2.65 to $3.65. Swim For the 6-14 year olds there are loton taffeta or an acetate pinwole which looks like pique, $4.25 to $5.50; 'teenagers' choices also include taffeta models, $9.75 to $10.95; the more mature woman will find a variety of choices from lostex knit at $6.35 to taffeta at $12.50. The taffeta colors are lovely-cruise or sapphire lilue, sunset led. WELL-SHOD feet ore handsome; to help them be well-shod the Commissaries have just received a few of the shoes put out by Mademoiselle, a subsidiary of I. Miller. They hove the I. Miller styling and flair, at prices around $1 3.95. One shoe, adapted from on Italian model, is o strap sandal with a halter back and a three-inch heel, and a very "bare" effect. This comes in white and gunmetal patent leather. Another open-toe, open-heel model has a strap of leather across the vamp; white only. Then there are two plain and tailored, than which there is nothing much better looking, white models, with closed toes and heels. All are as stunning as anything seen here lately. To end on a silly note. Due soon are some musical greeting cords which play Happy Birthday or "Rock-aHow Silly Bye Baby when you turn a crank. That is, they do if you listen carefully. They will sell for slightly under $1. Coco Solo Hospital Transferred To Canal Zone; Extensive Alterations To Take About 5 Weeks {Continued from pagi I) be transferred to the ground floor. On the upper floors will be located the dental, eye and ear clinics, the X-ray, and the physiotherapy departments. A second delivery room is to be built on one of the upper floors, and one wing will be set aside for use as obstetrical wards. Air-conditioning of the operating and obstetrical delivery rooms will be continued, and the women's general ward will be divided into semi-private cubicles by curtains. According to present plans, the first move will be the transfer of Colon Hospital in-patients to the Coco Solo building and the activation of out-patient service at Coco Solo Hospital. Dispensary at Colon A dispensary will be maintained, at least temporarily at Colon Hospital and the mortuary department will remain in its present location at Colon Hospital until other plans can be worked out. Present plans also call for the establishment of first-aid stations at Margarita and Rainbow City, similar to those at Balboa and La Boca. The present Colon Hospital plant has been in operation since May 1916. Its original four buildings were constructed on the "pavilion" plan, connected by arcades. This hospital had a 65-bed capacity and cost approximately $177,000. It was later enlarged and now has a 196bed capacity. It was the successor to a 1.5-ward, .550bed hospital which had opened in 1904, using the combined facilities of the old French hospital and the smaller Panama Railroad hospital. The former dated back to 1883 and the latter to the middle part of the nineteenth century.


14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS July 15 through August 15 Kmplc)\ccs who were promoted or transferred between July 15 and August 15 are listed below. Regradings and within-grade promotions are not listed. CIVIL .\FFAIRS BUREAU Russell S. Johns, from Position Classilier, Wage and Classilkation Division, to IViiK-ipai, La Boca Occupational High .School. Mrs. Doris C. Etchberger, troni ClerkStenographer to Statistical Clerk, Division of Schools. Mrs. Gladys S. Lee, from Junior High School Teacher to Sidistitnte Teacher. Ellie F. Fanning, from Elementary .School Teacher to Principal. Gamboa l'.lementar\ School. George L. Cain, from Commissar) Supervisor, Commissary Di\ision, to Customs Guard. Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division. Mrs. Frances E. Hunnicutt, ClerkStenographer, from .Seiecti\o Service Section to Police Di\ ision. Wilmer L. Downing, from lime. Leave, and PavroU Clerk, Payroll Branch to Clerical .\.ssistant (Typist), Fire Division. Thomas Taylor, from Towing Locomotive Operator, .Atlantic Locks, to Firem.m, Fire Di\ision. John F. McDowell, Russell T. Billison, from Policeman to Policeman and Motorc\(le Oftker, Police Division. Jacqulyn M. Schofield, from Substitute Teacher, Division of Schools, to Library .Assistant, Library. Donald W. Wilson, from Guard, l\Tminals Division, to Policeman, Police Division. OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER Mrs. Myrtle P. Sparks, from .Accotmting Clerk, .\gents .Accounts Branch, to Cierk-T\ pist. Cost .Accounts Branch. Bruce W. Glaze, from .Accountant, Internal .\udit Staff, to Cost Examiner, Plant Inventory and .Appraisal Staff. Jose E. Corco, from .Accountant, Cost Accounts Branch, to Systems .Accountant, .Accounting Systems Staflf. George" T. Darnall, Jr., from Snper\isorv General Engineer, Engineering Division, to General Engineer, Plant Inventory and .\ppraisal Staff. Ernest A. Bishop, from Supervisory Accomiting Clerk, Cost .Accounts Branch, to .Accountant, Internal .Audit Staft. Richard O. Burgoon, from .Accounting Clerk, (jorg.iHospital, to .Accountant, Internal .\udil Staff. COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU Mrs. Frances R. Brassel, from Steward to Supervisory Steward, Service Center I )i\ ision. Emmett Zemer, from Safety Inspector to Really .Assistant, Office of the Community Services Director. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Edward V. Koch, from Steam Engineer (Floating Crane) to Engineer, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dtedging Division. Rene P. Trembleau, from Maintenance Mechanic, Construction Equipment, Maintenance Di\ision, to Pimiping Plant Operator, Water and Laboratories Branch. Curtis H. George, from Wireinan Leadingnian to Forenian. Electrical Di\-ision. Frederick A. Ebdon, from Wireman to Wireman Leadingman, Electrical Di\ision. Milton Davis, from .\rmaturc Winder Leader to .Armature Shot Foreman Electrical Division. Joseph W. Casey, from .\rnialure \\ inder to .Armature Winder Leader, Electrical Division. Gilbert A. Reynolds, from Foreman to General Foreman, Electrical Division. Charles F. Magee, from Shoremining Forenian, Dredging Division, tr^ Supervising Construction Inspector. Contractors Hill I'roject. Donald W. Johnson, Hugh B. Smith, from .\pprentice Wireman to Wireman, Electric.d Di\isioTi. William J. Stevenson, from Operator, H\(!ranlic Grader. Dredging Division, to Wireman, Electrical Division. Ralph L. Sell, from Carpenter Leader to Quarters Maintenance Foreman. Maintenance Division. Kenneth E. Marcy, William G. Mummaw, from Quarters .Maintenance Leader to Quarters Maintenance Foreman, Maintenance Division. James J. Morris, from Property and Supply Clerk, Division of Storehouses, to Construction Inspection Inspector (Boring), Contractors Hill Project. OFFICE OF GOVERNOR-PRESIDENT Nancy J. Gill, Student .Assistant, from Fire Division to Contraband Control Section. Thomas E. Burrow, from Budget Examiner to Organization and Methods Exami.ier, Executive Planning Stall. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Mauricette M. Hudson, ClerkTypist, from Plnsical Education and Recreation Branch, to Gorgas Hospital. Dr. Evganie P. Shirokov, from Medical Officer to Chief, General Surgical Section, Gorgas Hospital. Col. George G. McShatko, from Medical Officer to Chief, Orthopedic Section, Gorgas Hospital. Lt. Col. Avery P. King, from Medical Officer to Chief, Urology Section, Gorgas Hospital. Dr. Grace M. Stuart, from Medical Officer to Chief, .Anesthesiology Section, Gorgas Hospital. Dr. Daniel Hirschl, from Medical Officer to Chief, Pediatrics Section, Gorgas Hospital. Lt. Col. Van R. Richmond, from Medical Officer to Chief, Derinatology Section, Gorgas Hospital. Col. Henry S. Murphey, from Medical Officer to .Assistant Chief, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Service, Goigas Hospital. Dr. Rogelio E. Arias, from Medical Officer to .Assistant Chief, Obstetrical and Gvnecological Service, Gorgas Hospital. Dr. Roderick L. Esquivel, Intern to Resident, Gorgas Hospital. Phra A. Ashby, from Maintenance Mechanic to Maintenance Mechanic Leader, Corozal Hospital. MARINE BUREAU Mrs. Myrtle P. Hughes, from ClerkTvpist to 'Timekeeper, Navigation Division. Leo F. Donohue, from I'robationary to Qualified Pilot, Navigation Division. Joseph D. Foulkes, from Supervisory Storekeeper, Terminals Division, to Towing Locomotixe Operator, .Xtlantic Locks. Earl N. Belote, from Lock Operator Machinist, .\tlantic Locks, to Machinist, Industrial Division. Edward J. Michaelis, Guard, from Contractors Hill to .Atlantic Locks Security Branch. Adrian W. Webb, from Lock Operator Machinist Leader to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks. Charles A. Stewart, from Lock Operator Machinist to Lock Operator Machinist Leader, Pacific Locks. Raymond J. Dixon, Hubert A. Rotenberry, from Painter Leader, Maintenance Di\ision, to Towing Locomotive Operator, Locks Division. John C. DeYoung, from Gas Plant Operator to Senior Gas Plant Operator, Industrial Division. Mrs. Maxine A. Cawl, Irom Timekeeper to Clerk-Tvpist, Navigation Division. E. Guy Huldtquist, Chief Towboat Engineer, from Navigation Division to Ferrv Service. SUPPLY BUREAU Division of Storehouses James O. Deslondes, from Storekeeper (General) to Superv isor\ Supply .Assistant (General). Edith Moreno, Inmi Clerk1 ypisl to .\ccounting Clerk. Mrs. May H. Foster, from Cash .Accounting Clerk (General) to Property and Suppiv Clerk. George H. Shoemaker, from Storekeeper (General) to Supply Cataloger (General). Maria L. Lupi, from Property and SupSEPTEMBER SAILINGS From Cristobal Cristobal September ,3 Panama September 10 Ancon *September 18 Cristobal September 24 From New York Aricnn *Sept ember Cristobal September 1 4 Panama September 2 1 Ancon September 28 *Leaves Cristobal Saturday; arrives New York Friday. **Leaves New York Thursday because of Labor Day holiday. (Northbound the ships are in Haiti from 7 a. m. to noon Sunday; southbound the Haiti stop is Saturday from 7 a. m. to 4 p. m.) RETIREMENTS IN AUGUST Retirement certificates were presented the end of .August to the following employees who are listed alphabetically, together with their birthplaces, titles, length of service, aiifl future addresses: John E. Cantrell, Georgia; General Mechanic, Commissary Division; 11 years, 1 month, and Q days; Canal Zone for present. William H. Fisk, Kansas; Storekeeper General, Division of .Storehouses; 27 years, 9 months, 7 davs; Panama. Florence G.' Kelly, New Jersey; Payroll Clerk, Pavroll Branch; id vears, 1 month, 16 days; \Vhite Plains, N. Y. John J. Molyneaux, New A'ork; Inventory Clerk, Plant Inventory and .Appraisal Staff; 13 years, 10 months, 17 days; Canal Zone. Clarendon Sealy, Barbados; Stockman, Commissarv' Division; ,M years, 9 months, 8 davs; Panama. Robert W. White, X'irginia; Steam Engineer, Terminals Division; 28 years, 8 months, 12 davs; Pensacola, Fla. Arthur S. Wilson, .Australia; Harbormaster, Navigation Division; 12 years, 11 months, 4 davs; Mississippi. piv Clerk to Clerk-Typist. Mrs. Catherine H. G. Jenkins, Irom Clerk-Tv pist to Procurement Clerk (Typist). John J. Medling, from Storekeeper (General) to Supply Clerk (General). Mrs. Mercedes A. Borrell, from Card Punch Operator to Clerk-Typist. Mrs. Muriel C. Black, from Clerk Tvpist to Propertv and Suppiv Clerk (typist). Carl A. Wanke, from Supply Cataloger to Suppiv Cataloging Supervisor (General). Mrs. Elizabeth Z. Beall, from ClerkTvpist to Clerk-Stenographer. Hugh E. Turner, from Storekeeper (General) to Supervisory Supply Officer ( Margaret L. Csighy, from Procurement Clerk (Typist) to Supply Clerk (General) (Tvpist).' Mrs. Margarita F. Preciado, from Clerk-'Tvpist to Clerk-Stenographer. Gordon A. Graham, from Storekeeper (General) to Supply Re(|uirements Officer, Robert A. DuVall, from Supply Requirements .\ssistant to Supervisory Supph' .A.ssistanl (General). Oscar Kourany, from Timekeeper to Cash .\ccounting Clerk (Teller). William J. McKeown, from Laborer Foreman and Gas Cutter or Burner to Ganger. Commissary Division Norbert W. Hammond, from Gas Cutter or Burner, Division of Storehouses, to Supervisorv Storekeeper. John J. Sproul, from Storekeeper (Shipping) to Supervisory Storekeeper. Mrs. Margaret M. Nash, from Junior High School Teacher, Division of Schools, to Clerk-Typist. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Fred E. Wells, from 'Transportation


September 3, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 LOCAL GIRL SETS NEW RIFLE RECORD 200 Pacific Side Families Still To Move As Housing Construction Draws To Close XORINE DILLMAN If you want any fine shooting done, like picking off something at 100 paces say, Norine Dillman's the girl to call on. Shooting at the Farfan range last month, Miss Dillman, second year student at the Canal Zone Junior College, set a new open Canal Zone record by firing a score of 400 with 35 X's, over the Dewar course with a .22 rifle. X's are made by exact, pinpoint shooting. An X is the exact center of the bullseye; a bullseye, of course, scores 10 and the X's are 10 plus. They are counted in tie scores. Her score of 400 with 35 X's tops the U. S. National record by one X; but since it was made in a National Rifle Association "approved" competition instead of a registered competition it cannot be recognized as a new National record. Miss Dillman has been shooting since she was 12 years old, barely big enough to handle a rifle. Her coach was her father, N. E. Dillman, president of the Balboa Gun Club and former coach for the junior marksmen. To make things even more difficult for her when she fired her record score last month, Miss Dillman was shooting against her older brother, Richard, who holds a Master's rating. She topped his score by four X's. Ten Years Ago In August Blackout restrictions were lifted to permit street lights after 11 p. m., for the first time since shortly after Pearl Harbor. Other war measures, especially those having to do with gasoline rationing, were still in force. Applications were being received during the month for new gasoline ration books. Assistant ti) Su[Xt\ isor\' Traiispdrtatidn Officer, Steamship Ticket Office. Lloyd W. Peterson, from Transportation Clerk to Transportation Assistant. Steamsliip Ticket Office. Mrs. Louise K. Allen, from Stenographer to Clerk-Stenographer, Terminals Division. Gerald D. Stroop, Gnard, from Locks Security Branch to Terminals Division. Mrs. Isabel P. Reeves, from Property antl Supply Clerk to Supervisory Property and Supply Clerk, Terminals Division. With the quarters replacement program drawing to a close, some 200 families in Pacific side communities are still living in houses slated for early demolition and will be seeking other quarters during the next few months. Most of thes? live in Pedro Miguel, Ancon, or Balboa Flats. This will be the last wholesale housetrading in the Canal Zone as a result of the quarters construction program which started four years ago and which has cost upwards of thirty-five million dollars. The evacuation schedule and the number of families residing in the various areas t) be cleared is as follows: Balboa Flats, 44 families, by Decembers!. Ancon, 9 families in two-family houses, between San Juan Place and the Administration Building, by March 1. Pedro Miguel, 96 families, by March 31. Ancon, except for above, 50 families, by July 1, 1955. With this number of families to be Panama Line Ships To Make Over-Night Stop In Haiti During Winter Season {Continued from page 1) Thursday and the days of arrival in Cristobal from the present Monday to Wednesday, the year around. Sailing time from New York will be 4 p. m. The northbound sailings, however, will vary according to the season. Durmg the winter season, the ships will leave Cristobal at 3 p. m. on Monday, arrive in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Wednesday, leave Haiti the following day and dock in New York on Monday, just a week after departure from Cristobal. During the summer season, beginning with the April 26 sailing out of Cristobal, the ships will sail from Cristobal at 11 a. m. Tuesday, arrive in Haiti on Thursday, sail from Port-au-Prince the same day, and arrive in New York on Monday. A sample winter season round trip is that of the Panama, first of the three ships to operate under the new round-trip schedule. The Panama will sail from New York at 4 p. m., Thursday, November 4, and arrive in Haiti on Monday, November S. The ship will sail from Haiti the same day and arrive in Cristobal on Wednesday, November 10. On the return trip, the Panama will sail from Cristobal at 3 p. m., Monday, November 15, arrive in Port-au-Prince on Wednesday, November 17, sail from Haiti on Thursday, November 18, and arrive in New York on Monday, November 22. A sample summer season round-trip schedule is that of the SS Cristobal which will sail from New York at 4 p. m. on Thursday, April 14. The ship will arrive in Haiti on Monday, April 18, and sail for Cristobal the same day, arriving in the Canal Zone on Wednesday, April 20. On the northbound voyage, the Cristobal will sail from Cristobal at 11 a. m. Tuesday, April 26, arrive in Port-au-Prince on Thursday, April 28, and sail for New York the same day, arriving in New York on Monday, May 2. moved and only about 120 new sets of family quarters becoming available before next July, U. S.-rat? quarters of the Pacific side will be in .short supply for more than another year. Because of this, employees li\'ing in houses now scheduled for demolitian have been urged to apply for other quarters well before the deadline for moving. A total of 98 new apartments will be available during the next few months in the Balboa Flats where 63 houses are under construction by Fi-amorco, Inc. These consist of both masonry and composite buildings. It is presently expected that 24 of these houses will be completed and ready for assignment early in November. Of these, four are on Morgan Avenue and the remainder are on Carr Street near the Balboa Elementary School. The completion date for the Balboa Flats contract is next January 3. The quarters construction program in Diablo Heights being done by Isthmian Constructors, Inc., is presently nearing completion. All but 10 of the houses were to be completed and ready for assigimient by the first of September. In addition to these, there are 17 onefamily houses being built in the Ridge Road and Quarry Road area by Isthmian Constructors but no completion date has been announced for the first of these. The Budget: Here s How A Typical Item Is Handled {Continued from page 4) an approximate timetable of the various actions to be taken. The long and complicated process is not something which has been specially devised for the Panama Canal CompanyCanal Zone Government. It is substantially what is followed by every Government agency and the processes are requii'ed by law or by regulations which are designed to weed out those expenditures which are not warranted and to protect the Government's interest in the spending of any money from one cent to a few billion dollars. While the Panama Canal Company has more flexibility in its budget than the Canal Zone Government in that it operates on current revenues, it also is required to submit its operating budget program for approval to Congress before any funds are expended. And, once the appro\'al for a given expenditure is made, the Company's management does not have the authority to spend money authorized for some other purpose. The imaginary budget timetable given here is for a capital item project only. The procedure is slightly different for operations, such as the schools' program, but in the main the two follow the same general course from the time it is decided the money is needed and the time it is actually spent. In fiscal year 1916, dui-ing which slides closed the Canal to large vessels for seven months of the twelve, only 787 commercial ships made the Canal transit.


16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 3, 1954 1,500 Zone Youngsters End Summer Recreation Program M(JST 5 ro| Ut = roE