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Panama Canal review

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Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
23584335 ( ALEPH )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES



















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University of


in 2010 with funding from
Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie141 pana





PANAMA CANAL

IV


IN THIS ISSUE
Tourist Trip Tips
He Has Ups and Downs
Navigatio niDv qJa
Nursery cef&t


4


h


/







ROBERT J. FLEMING, JR., Governor-President
DVIDl S. PARKER, Lieutenant Governor
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Panama Canal Information Officer


Official Panama Canal Publication
Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z.


JOSEPH CONNOR, Press Officer
Publications Fditors
ROBERT D. KERR and JULlO E. BRICENO
Editorial Assistants
EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BITTEL, and TOMAS A. CUPAS


Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees.
Subscriptions. $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M1 Balboa Heights. C.Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C.Z.


Index


Jeff Riley


Winning9 Way

THE FOUR-MAN team representing Panama in the
International JayCee Golf Tournament at Midland and
Ranch Land Hills Country Clubs, Midland, Tex., on
August 20-23, will play practice matches in Texas with
other teams prior to the big tournament. Riley and
Stoudnor were members of last year's team, which
played in the JayCee at Spring Valley Country Club,
Huntington, W. Va.
Duran, this year's local champion in a thrilling playoff
with Riley, is a Panama City boy, playing out of the
Panama Golf Club. Perantie and Riley, who reside in
La Boca, and Stoudnor, who lives in Balboa, all play out
of the Fort Amador Golf Club.
Seventy boys competed in this year's tournament,
featured by a two-way playoff in the championship flight
and a three-way playoff in the first flight, won by
Peter Dehlinger.
Craig Stoudnor Tom Perantie


\ .


The Parkers_------- ____________ 3
Mexico Trip Tourist Tips- -___-____-________- 4
Having Ups and Downs ______________-_______ 6
Navigation Division; Nerve Center----- ________ 7
Nursery Center- -________________________- 8
Promotions and Transfers --------------_ 10
Canal History, Retirements ------------------_ 12
Quarterly Shipping Tables -------------------- 14
Shipping -------------__------_-------_ 16





ON OUR COVER: Things are looking up-for both the
kittens and the kids. The scene is at the community
nursery center organized through the cooperation and
efforts of the people of the communities of Paraiso and
Pedro Miguel, a prime example of joint participation in
solution of a problem as opposed to awaiting ready-made
answers provided by "someone else." Such participation
invariably means a more competent, more mature
approach to obligations of citizenship. For more on the
nursery center, see pages 8 and 9. On other pages you'll
get an introduction to the Lieutenant Governor's family;
get tips for touring to Mexico; a look at the Navigation
Division; and a report on a ship's master, veteran of many
Panama Canal transits since 1919, who is retiring.


AUGUST 1963


READERS OF THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW who
would like to have friends or relatives receive the
REVIEW are urged to subscribe for the additional
copies by mailing $1 to "THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW,
Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z. The subscriptions
are handled by the Communications and Records
Section in the basement of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights. Mail subscriptions are
sent directly from the Mount Hope Printing Plant
to the addressee, thus avoiding additional expense
and bother for those sending them, many of whom
have in the past handled the mailing themselves.
The airmail subscription rate is $4.35 a year.


Robert Duran


- I /












A decisive moment in a family game came
when Canal Zone Lieutenant Governor,
David S. Parker, made a well-considered
move. Youngest son Stephen (far left),
daughter Anne, and oldest son David
(standing) take a serious view of the situa-
tion. Son Bruce smiles, for he has his next
move planned, and Mrs. Parker enjoys
her family's reaction.


It's A Wonder They All Got Together


A SENTIMENTAL journey to the
birthplace of each member of the Canal
.Zone Lieutenant Governor's family
would take the family members from
one coast to the other of the United
States and halfway around the world.
Col. David S. Parker was born in
Fort Huachuca, Ariz., the son of a
U S. Arms officer. Mrs. Parker, a U.S.
Army officer's daughter, was born in
Oahi.. Hawaii.
"ljust \\ait until you hear about our
birthplaces." the boys chuckle.
Two of the Parker sons were born in
the United States, David in Washing-
ton, D.C., and Stephen in San Fran-
cisco, Calif. Bruce was born in Tokyo,
Japan, where Colonel Parker was sta-
tioned with the Army of Occupation
for 3 years, and Anne was born at West
Point, N.Y., where he was instructor in
Military Topography prior to coming
to the Canal Zone in 1952 as Military
Assistant to the Governor.
Changing schools, and starting life
afresh in a new locale doesn't faze the
Parker children one bit. In each new
locale, as they have done on the Isth-
mus. they go in for sports in general
-and tennis, basketball, golf, and fish-
ing are pretty much the same in any
clime, in any language.
The Canal Zone's Lieutenant Gov-
ernor and Mrs. Parker are fully familiar


with adapting themselves to new
schools, new scenes, new friends.
Colonel Parker attended schools in
Kansas, Texas, Vermont, and New
Mexico before he entered the Military
Academy at West Point, from which
he was graduated in 1940 with a
commission in the Corps of Engineers.
Mrs. Parker also grew up on U.S.
Army posts. She attended two different
high schools and three different col-
leges. She is a graduate of Stanford
University and has taught about 5 years
in nursery schools and kindergarten,
plus one year in public schools. The
last year Colonel Parker was here as
Military Assistant to the Governor, she
taught nursery school at Fort Amador.
All the family enjoys outdoor living,
and they speak with enthusiasm of three
camping trips they have made across
the United States. They have lived in
a tent, in true camp style, but never
were troubled by wild animals-
although they have seen a good number
of bears.
It's not an animal, but a bird, that's
credited to the youngest son, Stephen
or Steve as he's more familiarly known,
at the Smithsonian Institution. Steve
found a Cape May warbler, a fairly rare
member of the bird world in Virginia,
and presented it to the Institution.
This past school year Steve won
honorable mention in a two-county


area for a solar kiln he made and
entered in a Science Fair.
David, the big brother of the family,
is working as a student assistant in the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
during summer vacation and will return
to William and Mary in the fall for his
sophomore year. He places on an almost
equal plane tennis, chess, and reading.
Bruce and Steve have joined the
Balboa Gun Club and are in the
"A" League in the Canal Zone Summer
Recreation Program. Bruce goes in for
stamp collecting and challenges his
brother, Dave, for the family bridge
crown.
Anne and her mother are following
an artistic bent, but Anne prefers
charcoal sketching while Mrs. Parker is
hoping to do oil paintings. Colonel
Parker, himself, enjoys photography
when he has time for this hobby.
Anne is learning to play the organ
and likes reading and tennis. But she
is a rival of her brothers when a fishing
pole is in her hands. Though they
haven't been in the Canal Zone very
long, Steve and Anne already have
sailfish snouts to bear witness to their
prowess.
All the family has enjoyed skiing on
Mount Hood and ice skating, but they
also enjoy swimming in a warm clime.
Most of all, wherever they are, they
enjoy doing things together.


THE PANAXIA CANAL REVIEW





8,543 MILES... 2 MONTHS


Tourist Tips



For a Trip



To Mexico













BY SAMUEL T. SKEETE
WHEN THE Latin American Schools
went on vacation last February we had
plans to spend our vacation in Costa
Rica, but the article in the REVIEW for
February entitled "A Profile: Inter-
American Highway" furnished inspira-
tion to make a trip by road all the way
to Mexico City. Some of our friends
thought we were taking a big risk, but
I had great faith, continuing with my
plans.
Besides my wife, Elsa, making the trip
with me in a 1963, 4-door, 4-cylinder
model 1330 Fiat were: Miss Alicia
Facey, elementary teacher, Mrs. Cora
Rowe, high school teacher-both from
Colon, and Mrs. Dorothy White, dress-
maker from Rainbow City. Mrs. Skeete
and I are teachers in the Rainbow City
Elementary School.
Our experience on this trip taught
us a lot of things, some of which we
would like to pass on to others who
might be contemplating such a venture.
It might help to contribute to their
comfort and convenience.
Women should wear basic dresses
that can take changes of ornaments.
Not too loud colors. A few woolen
sweaters, a scarf or neckerchief to pro-
tect the hair when passing through
dusty areas, besides being of practical
use otherwise. Spring coat, medium
weight with threc-quarter or long
sleeves. Besides a couple pairs of dress
shoes, sandals or fiat shoes are needed
for use with sport clothes when going


Goats scamper off the highway in Guatemala. The placid cows were not so willing to yield.
Most of them simply stared, unperturbed by horn blowing. The car detoured around
them cautiously.


climbing and swimming, etc. Dark
glasses are a must. Enough stockings
for the whole trip, as Mexico is the only
country with a large variety from
which to purchase. Of course, take your
camera.
Men's clothing: two suits, sweaters
or waistcoat for very cold mornings
and evenings. Few extra pants for
driving, climbing, etc.
Don't buy too many souvenirs unless
you have space in your car. The mail
service is very slow, and packages arrive
in not too good condition unless they
are very well packed with straw or
paper, which is sure to increase the
postage a great deal.
Money should be carried in travelers
checks as a rule-$10 denomination will
do. Take along 5 to 8 percent in $1
bills to take care of last minute spending
or gasoline near borders when leaving
the countries, because when purchasing
with large denominations you will be
given change in native money which
you don't wish to take with you.
Only in Mexico do they give change or
exchange in U.S. dollars.
In Mexico City, taxi drivers who
recognize you as visitors may want to
recommend hotels for you. They never
recommend such hotels as the Hotel
Compostela-one of the very best and


cheaper than most-because they get no
commission. The food there is excellent.
Follow the traffic rules and signs,
especially when going down grades and
around curves. Go down in slow gear.
The gas saved going down dangerous
grades in high gear is not worth the
risk. Then too, no matter how sure
you may feel about following the maps,
always take time to stop now and then
to ask questions. This may save much
waste of time and gas. Maps of the
countries are obtainable at many gas
stations.
It is best to travel during the day-
time when going from one country to
another. There is great danger of run-
ning into slides, cattle, rocks, or other
objects on the highway-not to mention
people who love to walk by night on
the road. Besides, night travel can slow
you up a great deal. Panama is the only
country which has laws against cattle
on the highway. All the other Central
American countries have signs on the
roads warning to look out for cattle.
We met quite a lot of animals on the
highway. Leave early and night is not
likely to overtake you. At least, in this
way you will have very little, if any,
night driving to do.
Because of the size of Mexico we
found it necessary to make three


AUGUST 1963






stops going north, on the east side (By
way of Comitan, Matias Romero and
Puebla) before reaching Mexico City.
Oil the return trip, for variety's sake,
, c look the highway via Oaxaca, where
th:re are lots of curves and hills, but
thi: highway is very well paved, and
O.i\jca and Comitan were the only
stops we had to make coming back.
And talking about well-paved roads,
the super highways-wherever there is
opportunity to make a choice are
better and faster for travel, with the
legal speed limit as high as 110 kilo-
meters per hour (about 70 miles) in
snme places.
The older, narrow roads may be even
shorter than the super highway, but
have many sharp curves, annoying hills
and reduced legal speeds. It is worth
the 5 or 8 pesos toll charges to go by
super highway. A great deal of time
is saved, too. Make friends with the
people. You can learn a lot from them
and about them and their countries
which might save you money and time.
Nevertheless, be wary of too friendly
people. Employees of hotels can also
be of invaluable help and a rich source
of information. Get in touch with the
Tourist Commission in each country.
They can keep you up to date on road
conditions or any late changes in condi-
tions in the country. The hotel maids
will gladly help you find someone to
wash your laundry, and some of them
might even do the job for you at reason-
able prices. Don't expect, though, to
get the kind of laundry service you
get at home.
It is not necessary to follow the 10
percent tipping recommended by Emily
Post. One or two pesos should be
reasonable, depending on the number
of persons and the quality of the serv-
ice. However, remember that in Gua-
temala the exchange is one quetzal for
$1; so be guided accordingly.
On entering Nicaragua, at either of
the borders, there is a charge of $5
(5 U.S. dollars) for each person. No
receipt is given, and there is no use
arguing. Besides, one has to go to the
"Migraci6n" office in Managua with
pictures (two) to get another visa; no
charge. Then, to test one's patience,
another visa has to be obtained at
Somoto (going and coming). Somoto
is 20 kilometers from the Honduran
border.
The signboard at the entrance to So-
moto which tells that the visa is to be
had there was broken off the guard
house on the highway. We did not
know and were turned back at the
border, losing valuable time, besides
having to pay after hours fees at the
border. Only Costa Rica and Mexico


have 24-hour border service. Regular
working hours at the other Central
American borders are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Saturday, Sundays, and holidays are
not regular working days; therefore a
fee is charged each person and the car.
In Guatemala City it is also necessary
to get a local visa at the Migracion
office. A photograph also is required-
no charges. Do get to the office early
and avoid hours of waiting after the
crowd arrives.
The local hotel management and
tourist commission representatives, es-
pecially those in Mexico, urged that we
take a taxi when going about and out
of town because of the traffic and dif-
ficulty in finding our way around. But
we found, after a couple of exciting days
feeling our way about the city, that
we could drive anywhere we wanted
to go with little trouble. We studied
the map (a good 10-peso one of Mexico
City) before leaving on any trip. Some-
times in the excitement we went up the
wrong street and had it rough getting
back on the right one, but it was stimu-
lating fun always. Incidentally, the
maps obtainable at the Mexican Consu-
late in Panama City show all the towns
which have gas stations. This is a real
help for the traveler. A green dot near
the name of a town means you can buy
gas there.
The trip cost us an average of $550
each, which included hotels and
pensions, meals, (in Mexico food is
separate from room) guides on two
occasions, souvenirs, gasoline, tune-up,
small repairs, etc. We spent at least I
week in each Central American country,
and 3 weeks in Mexico. The whole trip


took us away from home for two well-
spent months during which time we
traveled 8,543 miles.
There are many public parking
places (Called "Estacionamiento,"
"Pensi6n," or "Banco de Carros") in all
the countries which store a car over-
night at very reasonable prices. One
should never risk leaving a car out-
doors at night, for it invites risking the
experience of hitchhiking back home.
Another thing: Never buy from the
first store or shop. Window shop
around; compare prices. The experi-
ence will be a great eye-opener. One
place we were charged 50 pesos for
beautiful polished stone book-ends,
while they asked only 30 pesos in
another shop for the same thing. After
haggling a little, we got them for 28
pesos. One store had a leather purse
for 15 pesos; across the street, the same
purse was 10 pesos.
Language was not much of a
problem, especially in Mexico. People
everywhere, even in some Central
American countries, liked to show off
their little knowledge of English-
especially the high school kids.
Note.-Besides a passport one needs-
for leaving the country- A Paz y Salvo
from Rentas Internas (Internal Reve-
nue) Office for each person; a Paz y
Salvo from the Municipal Treasurer,
a letter in Spanish from the automobile
agency showing ownership if the car is
not fully paid for, and a permit from
the traffic department in Panama or
Colon. It is recommended that visas be
obtained here from the consulates be-
fore leaving, and in Mexico City when
returning.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Hotels, Pensions Costs

Here were the charges per person at places this tourist group stayed:

Costa Rica pensionn) --------------------- 12 days $45.00
Nicaragua (hotel) -____----- -------------- 1 day 3.60
Honduras (hotel)- _------------- 5 days 17.50
El Salvador (boarding house) ---------------- 9 days 26.50
Guatemala (hotel)___------ ------------- -6 days 27.50
Mexico (hotel)-------- -------------- 26 days 119.40
59 days $240.00
Average: Less than $4.10 per day.
Prices sometimes included tourist tax and there were discounts of as much
as 15 percent because there were five in the group or because the stay was
more than a week, or both. Luxury hotels charge much more, some "not too
good" places considerably less. One hotel had storage for the car-gratis-with
watchman service all night. And the watchman cleaned the car for a small fee.
They found one hotel that charged $12, without meals.


























The lone eagle mode of travel "as chosen
by Earl Boland. who piloted the single-
eneine. 2-place. 65-horsepn" er plane
aboie from Kansas Citi to the Canal Zone.


At home in the air or in the water. direr-
l flyer Earl Boland %%as graduated from
the Panama Canal Dik ing School in June.
He is airport manager for the Canal Zone
Civil Air Club. France Field.






He Has His Ups And Downs


EARL BOLAND, a graduate of Balboa
High School in the Class of 1953 and
a June graduate of the Gatun Diving
School, traveled by plane from Kansas
City, Mo., area to the Panama Canal
whcn he received word he had a job
waiting here. What made his trip un-
usual was that he was pilot, crew, and
passenger in a single-engine, 2-place,
65-horsepower Taylorcraft.
Almost every member of the Canal
Zone Civil Air Club at France Field
had chipped in money to buy the plane,
and he delivered it bearing a neat little
plate that reads "Crossroads Aero
Club."
Diver-flyer Boland's travel time from
Kansas City to France Field, down
through Central America, totaled 8
days. His gas and oil expenditures came
to $90.
Limited fuel storage capacity of the


plane :alle-d for .a top about e e-r\ 250
miles for rifue-lhrg. %lii,:h -enur-ed that
not a r'incle Certral Amer-i:an :ountrv
w-as overlooked Anid he foundd fril-rndd
with helpincr handr ererY\.vhl:ri., north
and south of the harder
Heat\ wkeathilr %\a. terni:unri-red in
Texas. whe-r he had It tie hlr plane
onto :1 ,:k,:r pipe It. kiep it on the
ground anid here the foG \-as o) hear
there wa., nothinc to do bult wa.it it
out for 2 da.i
Some:'.henre bet% eeri Cualtemala and
San Salkador. moror Iro.uble made
necessary a landing in a cotton field
but, all in all. he ra\s. it war a g190-d
trip and. he's niow planning a longer
jaunt, in a slightly heavier plane, to
Boston, Mass., next year.
After graduation from Balboa High
School, he had an apprenticeship in the
Panama Canal Industrial Division from


1953-1957 In 1956 he be,:ame inter-
ested in fl. mng In Colon and was on hi
a Ntowward Ietting a le-nre hen he
%tar, affr:ted b, i reduction in for,:e
ie- left the IsIthmurs for Miami and the
Riddle Flihhl S,:hool, where he re,:c-,ed
a i:.mmercial pilot's license %ith iri-
ctnrum,:nl rating Then :ramre th, draft.
2 \:iarr in the I S Arm\,r aid no%' a
f ~- inareer a4 a I'anama Canal diwer
Three months, aj he war, appointed
airport manaGer for the Canal Zonr
Ci\ il Air Club at Franri: Field
He is part O..i|er of t, o plane- at
Franc,: Field. In, the one hi:- brought
do~ n hie nr,.v ha_ 15 othrir partners or
,:o-o% iner Iii the other tl,: re are about
six co-ow ners.
His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Boland reside in Curundu. His father
is a civilian employee of the U.S. Army
at Corozal.


AUGUST 1963












4Fvi7l-


Navigation Division





Nerve Center




Of The Canal


Capt. Eli D. Ring, Chief of Navigation Division.


GET AS MANY ships through the
Canal as possible, as safely and quickly
as possible, and provide the maximum
of service to shipping.
These are the jobs of the Navigation
Division which, together with the Locks
Division, operates the waterway. Get-
ting the jobs done requires for the Navi-
gation Division a force of more than
1,450 employees: pilots, deckhands,
foremen, boarding officers, traffic con-
trollers, and administrative personnel.
With that number of employees, per-
sonnel matters and working rules claim
a great share of Navigation Division
working time.
A major phase of the division's work
is making sure there are no overdrafts
by transiting ships. For this reason, the
chief of the Navigation Division fre-
quently is aboard when big, deep draft
ships transit. Determining the deepest
safe drafts for these ships, and their
handling characteristics at specified
drafts, is essential to maintenance of
safety standards.
Prior to the first transit of a big ship,
a diagram of a cross-section of its hull
at its widest and deepest part is super-
imposed on a diagram, to the same
scale, of the most restrictive locks sec-
tion. By sliding the diagram up or
down, the probable maximum safe
allowable draft can be determined.
The Argyll, to make its initial transit
this month, has a beam of 106 feet 2
inches and is 763 feet long. Its owners
have asked for a draft of 35 feet, but the
ship's construction is such that it is to
be held to a 34-foot draft for its initial
transit to determine its handling charac-
teristics in the Cut and in and around
the Locks.
The shallower draft for the initial
transit is a safeguard to permit easier
handling of the ship until its specific
capabilities and handling character-
istics have been demonstrated to the
satisfaction of the pilots.


Enforcement of the rules and regula-
tions governing navigation of the Canal,
along with those pertaining to health,
customs, immigration, and contraband,
also are important parts of the
Navigation Division's work.
Rules on chocks and bitts, for
example, require that they be so con-
structed that cables from the mules will
neither slip out nor bind while the
ships are being raised or lowered as
they are locked through. Location of
the chocks and bitts also is important,
so that the cables from the mules have
maximum control.
Correspondence is carried on regu-
larly between the Navigation Division,
with the help of the Locks Division,
and shipbuilding yards throughout
the world on these points for ship
construction and conversion.
The Navigation Division also is
charged with scheduling and dispatch-
ing of vessels for transits to ensure
coordinated control of traffic through-
out the Canal and Zone waters; training,
supervision, and assignment of pilots;
entrance and clearance of vessels at the
terminal ports, including coordination
of boarding parties; assignment of
berths for ships, and operation of tug-
boats and launches for servicing of
shipping.
Heading the Navigation Division as
chief is Capt. Eli D. Ring, USN, who
has served as port captain at both
Balboa and Cristobal, and is the first
to serve as Chief of the Navigation
Division with the port captain position
separated from the chiefs job, a change
made in June following management
surveys.
Relieved of the port captain responsi-
bilities, except in supervisory capacity,
the Chief of the Navigation Division
has been assigned broader responsi-
bilities in certain fields, to ease the
workload of the Marine Bureau Direc-
tor's and the Port Captains' offices.


These fields are: Coordination of
working rules and practices between
the Atlantic and Pacific port captains'
areas; overall supervision of marine
traffic control throughout the entire
length of the Canal; uniform work
practices within the Navigation Divi-
sion; coordinating Navigation Division
units, the Locks Division and Dredging
Division; coordinating personnel and
budgetary plans and policies for the
Navigation Division as a whole; pro-
posing and coordinating with the rest
of the Canal units affected on improve-
ments to navigation in the Canal.
During fiscal year 1962, 11,424 ocean
going vessels transited the Canal. Gross
expenses of the Navigation Division
during this period totaled $8,545,000,
and revenues derived from rental of
tugs and launches, harbor pilotage,
and deckhand services amounted to
$4,400,000.
Efficiency of operation of the Naviga-
tion Division is reflected directly on
the ledgers of both the Panama Canal
and ship owners and operators, deter-
mining whether there are economies
or increased costs per ton of shipping
transited.
A foot of draft represents to the bulk
ship operator as much as $7,500 to
$10,000 in potential revenue per
transit. A day's delay in transiting can
mean an additional cost of $500 to
$5,000 to a ship. Rough approximation
of ships' daily operating cost is in the
area of $2,500 per day.
Vessels with excess draft or list are
required for safety reasons to correct
the faults, usually by pumping out
water or redistributing fuel. A very few
vessels have been delayed 3 or 4 days
to make corrections so they won't
endanger themselves, other shipping, or
Canal structures.
Navigation Division personnel take
the greatest pride in getting the big
(See p. 11)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
















.,--


Community

Project


So that's how my shirts are ironed.


Filling station for kids.


My nap? Just as soon as I fix this dern earring.







~ f ,o


r


C~l~`c







PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between June 5 and July 5 (within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed):
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
James L. Phillips, Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Fire Protection Inspector, Fire
Division.
Customs Division
Ronald E. Angermuller, Customs Guard to
Customs Inspector.
Lawrence E. Layman, Window Clerk,
Substitute, Postal Division, to Customs
Guard.
Herman E. Singh, Clerk, from Maintenance
Division.
Postal Division
Donald R. Rudy, Window Clerk to Finance
Branch Superintendent.
Raphael J. Amato, Guard, Locks Division,
to Window Clerk, Substitute.
Division of Schools
Constance A. Gallop, Elementary Teacher
and Substitute Teacher, Latin American
Schools, to Elementary Teacher, Latin
American Schools.
Elizabeth Tapiero, Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Carol L. Vidaurri, Clerk-Translator,
Administrative Branch, to Substitute
Teacher.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Electrical Division
Wesley H. Sparling, Senior Operator
(Generating Station) to Power System
Dispatcher.
Francisco Perez, Apprentice (Armature
(Winder) (4th Year) to Armature Winder.
Dredging Division
Katherine E. Foulkes, Clerk-Stenographer
to Clerical Assistant (Stenography).
Vincent Biava, General Foreman Machinist
(Marine) to Chief Foreman Machinist
(Marine).
John E. Sholund, Jr., Machinist (Marine)
to General Foreman Machinist (Marine).
Charles W. Hammond, Lead Foreman
Painter, from Locks Division.
Slaughter II. Sharpensteen, Foreman, Pipe-
line Dredge, Class 1, to 2d Mate, Pipe-
line Dredge, Class I.
Donald L. Crull, from 2d Mate, Pipeline
Dredge, Class I, to Leverman, Pipeline
Dredge, Class I.
Manuel J. Castillo, Juan S. Diaz, Camilo
Rodriguez, Navigational Aid Worker to
Maintenanccman (Distribution Systems).
Maintenance Division
Walter E. Marek, Leader Plumber to Lead
Foreman (Quarters Maintenance).
William W. Spencer, Leader Electrician to
Lead Foreman Electrician.
Cyril Hamilton, Stockman to Supervisory
Storekeeping Clerk.
Eliott F. Brathwaitc, Painter (Sign) from
Locks Division.
James D. Maloney, Laborer to Helper
Plumber.


Jes6s M. Justiniani, Laborer (Cleaner),
from Community Services Division, to
Laborer.
James Miller, Utility Worker, Supply Divi-
sion, to Laborer.
HEALTH BUREAU
Doris R. Kintigh, Miscellaneous Docu-
ments Examiner (Typing) to Registrar
(Vital Statistics), Office of the Director.
Harold G. Fergus, Counterman, Supply
Division, to Food Service Worker, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Samuel Ogarro, Assistant Cook to Cook,
Corozal Hospital.
Gorgas Hospital
Robert L. Thompson, Hospital Administra-
tive Assistant to Assistant Hospital
Administrative Officer.
Robert J. Kingsbury, John D. Sigurdson,
Hospital Resident, 2d Year, to Hospital
Resident, 3d Year.
Kenneth W. Bloomberg, Daniel Gruver,
William F. Short, Hospital Resident,
1st Year, to Hospital Resident, 2d Year.
Herbert B. Dwyer, Albert J. Mitchell,
Harold J. Morrison, from Hospital Food
Service Worker to Leader Hospital Food
Service Worker.
Fred A. Howell, Clerk to Medical Tech-
nician (General).
FMlix Rios, Clerk (Checker), Terminals
Division, to Clerk.
Harold T. Kildare, Stockman, Supply Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Lawrence C. Burton, Storekeeping Clerk
to Leader Hospital Attendant.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Arthur L. Logan, Jr., Pilot to Assistant
Captain of the Port.
Robert E. Medinger, Supervisory Ad-
measurer (Chief Admeasurer) to Super-
visory Admeasurer (Director of Ad-
measurement).
Lionel L. Ewing, Admeasurer to Super-
visory Admeasurer (Chief Admeasurer).
Waldo T. Bryan, Launch Dispatcher to
Clerk.
James N. Linton, Laborer (Cleaner), Supply
Division, to Laborer (Cleaner).
Industrial Division
Theodore W. A. Krzys, Machinist to
Inspector (Scales and Oil Meters).
Allan P. Noel, Paint and Varnish Maker to
Painter.
Victor C. Jarrett, Utility Worker and Pin-
setter, Supply Division, to Clerk.
Walter G. Campbell, Laborer (Heavy),
Supply Division, to Helper (General).
Victor NM. Vique, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Laborer.
Locks Division
Leonard N. Martin, Guard Supervisor
(Assistant Chief, Inspector, Locks Secu-
rity Branch), to Guard Supervisor (Chief,
Captain, Locks Section Branch).
Joseph A. Janko, Guard Supervisor to
Guard Supervisor (Assistant Chief, In-
spector, Locks Security Branch).
Marvin D. Metheny, Guard to Guard
Supervisor.


Joseph H. Young, Lead Foreman (Lock
Operations) to General Foreman (Lock
Operations).
Curtis L. Coate, Leader Lock Operator
(Electrician) to Control House Operator.
Hugh C. Christie, Leader Lock Operator
(Machinist) to Lead Foreman (Lock
Operations).
Robert L. Johnson, Lock Operator (Ma-
chinist) to Leader Lock Operator (Ma-
chinist).
Raymond L. Rowley, Lock Operator (Elec-
trician) to Leader Lock Operator (Elec-
trician).
Clifford 0. Blake, Maintenanceman to
Painter.
Maiximo Amaya, Cement Finisher (Limited)
to Cement Finisher.
Eustace G. Collins, Helper Lock Operator
to Leader Maintenanceman (Rope and
Wire Cable).
Pastor C6rdoba, Victor M. Perez, Leandro
Rivas, Marcial Rodriguez, Jose A. Si-
bauste, Gabriel Zapateiro, from Line-
handler to Boatman.
Vicente Clare, Dock Worker, Terminals
Division, to Linehandler.
Theodore McEntosh, Linehandler to
Helper Lock Operator.
Raimundo Ceballos, Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator (Small), Commu-
nity Services Division, to Linehandler.
Alsay Thomas, Utility Worker, Supply
Division, to Linehandler.
Bruce A. Chase, Laborer, Maintenance
Division, to Linehandler.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Stephen A. Bissell, Accountant to Super-
visory Accountant, Accounting Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Community Services Division
Vivian G. Corn, Alan B. Lancaster, Clerk,
to Housing Project Assistant.
Isaac Guizado, Laborer (Pest Control), to
Gardener.
Eduvigis Rangel, Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator (Small) to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Alejandro Acosta, Laborer to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Supply Division
Willy W. Nowotny, Service Center Super-
visor to Restaurant Manager Caterer.
Lois H. Cotton, Sales Clerk to Accounting
Clerk, Office of General Manager.
George Thorbourne, Guest House Assistant
to Accounting Assistant .
Olianda A. De Alvarado, Accounting Clerk
to Accounting Assistant.
Rudolph Adonia, Warehouseman to Leader
High Lift Truck Operator.
Cleveland G. Griffith, Lester Payne, Utility
Worker to Storekeeping Clerk.
Edith S. Fitzroy, Counterwoman to Sales
Clerk.
Ivanhoe A. Harris, Jr., Utility Worker to
Grocery Attendant.
Jorge D. Denkley, Pinsetter to Utility
Worker.
Ethlyn L. Ashby, Waiter (Special) to
Presser (Flatwork).


AUGUST 1963















Dredging,



Blasting



A Big One


Underwater excavation in widening of the narrowest parts of the Panama Canal from 300
to 500 feet often means encountering big rocks not shattered by banks blasting. Above, in
the 13/ cubic yard bucket of a dredge, is a big one weighing between 20 and 30 tons. It is
being drilled to take the dynamite charge which will fragment it.

41p- ~~~t-.4


TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS DIVISION
Ruth C. Sawyer, Secretary (Stenography)
to Clerical Assistant (Stenography),
Water Transportation Division.
Albert D. Lord, Clerk to School Bus
Driver, Motor Transportation Division.
Winston K. Binns, Helper Locomotive
Engineer to Brakeman, Railroad Divi-
sion.
Terminals Division
George Atkinson, Vibert G. Rose, Freight
Clerk to Cargo Checker.
Randolph H. Blake, Alvin Girdwood,
Cargo Marker to Clerk (Checker).
Miguel Rivas, Helper (General) to Main-
tenanceman.
George S. Clarke, Utility Worker, Supply
Division, to Cargo Marker.
Charles G. Warren, Linehandler (Deck-
hand), Navigation Division, to Steve-
dore.
Hubert E. Williams, Waiter, Supply Divi-
sion, to Laborer (Cleaner).
OTHER PROMOTIONS which did
not involve changes of title:
Jerry W. Mitchell, Trial Attorney (Admi-
ralty), Office of General Counsel.
Walter T. Williams, General Attorney,
Office of General Counsel.
Russel E. Hellmund, Richard C. Hogan,
Charles F. Schonert, Finance Branch
Superintendent, Postal Division.
Edwin C. McIlvaine, Accounting Assistant,
Office of General Manager, Supply
Division.
James G. Slice, Guard Supervisor, Locks
Division.
Donald Ponder, Marine Traffic Controller,
Navigation Division.
Sarah D. Cheney, Secretary (Stenography),
Dredging Division.
Clyde W. Carew, Accounting Clerk, Ter-
minals Division.
Nemesio S. Kelly, Rail Rodriguez, Clerk,
Locks Division.


.64~-



V :..- --- -_


---

The blast, set off electrically with the rock submerged 8 to 10 feet, cause little surface
turbulence. The water reduces the sound of the blast and reduces the "fly" of fragments.
The charge for this shot was four sticks of 1% by 12-inch 60 percent dynamite. These
pictures, taken by a Panama Canal official photographer, were among several used in
a recent issue of Engineering News-Record.

Nerve Center Of The Canal
(Continued from p. 7)


bulk carriers through with no snarls:
ships such as the National Defender
and Orion Hunter, both with 104-foot
beams; and in speedy, safe transiting
of Navy task forces, such as the one
last November. During the Cuban
crisis, military vessels plus normal
traffic pushed the number of ships
arriving for transit to 60 for a single
day, on November 5.
The duties of the Chief of the Navi-
gation Division at times require him
to act as referee in resolving differences
of opinion on scheduling of clear-cut
transits northbound or southbound, or
whether a ship will be delayed when
a pilot requests a tug and no tug is
available, or whether the pilot will be
ordered to proceed without a tug.


Should a northbound clear-cut transit
be scheduled for priority, when timing
of arrival is borderline? The decision
isn't necessarily on a first come first
served basis, but on the basis of the
best scheduling for all the ships.
Working directly under and coordi-
nating with the Marine Bureau Direc-
tor, the Navigation Division Chief
supervises and coordinates activities of
the port captains and, through them,
the harbormasters. He also maintains
liaison with the appropriate officials of
the Republic of Panama, when neces-
sary, and maintains the most cordial
relations possible with the customers,
shipping agents, and other representa-
tives of ship owners and operators.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







C ANAL HIISkORY


50 years c4go
THE CONCRETE penitentiary build-
ing at Culebra, abandoned in October
1911 because of slides on the west bank
of the Cut menacing its stability, has
been demolished. The slide area never
had broken back to the building, but
the possibility of its doing so made the
building useless.
Gen. Rafael Reyes, ex-president of
Colombia, arrived on the Isthmus. For
1/ years he had been traveling exten-
sively in Spain, the United States, Cuba,
and most of the South American coun-
tries in behalf of a project for erecting
a statue to Vasco N6liez de Balboa at
the Pacific entrance of the Canal.
The Panama Tramways Company
prepared to open its Central Avenue
line to the public, with cars to leave the
National Palace every 10 minutes for
Hotel Tivoli and Ancon Hospital station
and vice versa. The fare was 5 cents
between any two points on the line in
one direction.


EMPLOYEES who retired in June are
listed below, with positions, and years
of Canal service:
Ross A. Aldrich, test operator-foreman,
(electrician) Electrical Division, Atlan-
tic Side; 27 years, 11 months, 3 days.
Walter F. Allen, chauffeur, car of te
President, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, Pacific Side; 22 years, 4 months,
8 days.
Christopher T. Brewster, helper automo-
tive machinist, Motor Transportation
Division, Pacific Side; 24 years, 7
months, 12 days.
Miss Jeanne E. Brown, teacher, Senior
Iligh, U.S. Schools, Canal Zone Divi-
sion of Schools, Pacific Side; 31 years,
8 months, 5 days.
Nelson R. Clark, supervisory marine traffic
controller, Port Captain's Office, Atlantic
Side; 21 years, 4 months, 11 days.
Richard E. Cox, administrative services
assistant, Supply Division, Pacific Side;
33 years, 2 months, 27 days.
Miss Claudette de Villafranca, staff nurse
(tuberculosis), Corgas Hospital; 8 years,
3 months, 17 days.
Ronald A. Faunce, electrician, Electrical
Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, II
months.
George P. Fullman, leader, instrument
mechanic, Maintenance Division, Pacific
Side; 23 years, 9 months, 19 days.
Juan A. Loaiza, stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 37 years, 10 months,
18 days.
William J. MeKeown, fuels wharfman,
Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 21
years, 5 months, I day.


25 ?Jears cAo
RECONSTRUCTION OF Dock 15,
Balboa, a $1,220,000 project, was near-
ing completion. Except for Madden
Dam, it was one of the largest projects
since the close of the construction era.
Lock gates at Miraflores Locks lost
their claim to the title as the tallest in
the world, at 82 feet, when the lower
gates of Bonneville Dam in the Colum-
bia River in the United States were
installed. They tower 100 feet above
floor level.
Advance press representatives were
arriving to cover the visit of President
Roosevelt to the Isthmus scheduled for
August 5.

10 yearJs c4o
LICENSING OF dogs in the Canal
Zone started, with an August 1 dead-
line. Registration, vaccination, and li-
censing teams, as a convenience to dog
owners, spent 1 day in each of 10 Canal
Zone towns.


Concepci6n Molinar, laborer, Maintenance
Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, 9
months, 11 days.
Emerson Newball, stevedore, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side; 33 years, 2
months, 18 days.
WVilnoth L. Raymond, winchman, Ter-
minals Division, Atlantic Side; 12 years,
10 months, 12 days.
Ilubert A. Rotenberry, lead foreman,
painter, Dredging Division; 20 years,
2 months.
Herman Small, stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 45 years, 4 months,
12 days.
lenry White, warehouseman, Supply Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 47 years, 2 months.


-ACCIDENTS-

FOR

THIS MONTH

AND

THIS YEAR


JUNE

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


CA


"63
232
1498(36


Contracts for 5,000 head of beef at
a total cost of more than $675,000
were awarded to seven Republic of
Panama suppliers. The aggregate cost
was approximately twice that of any
contract ever before awarded by the
Panama Canal to cattle growers in the
Republic.
Appointment of Sigurd E. Esser as
superintendent of Canal Zone Schools
was announced.
Hours of the cafeteria in the base-
ment of the Administration Building
were cut back from a 6 a.m. to 4 p.m.
schedule to a 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. operation.

One year c4o
THE PANAMA Canal Women's Wel-
fare Group was formally organized at
a coffee given by Mrs. Robert J.
Fleming, Jr., wife of the Governor of
the Canal Zone.
The seismograph at Balboa Heights
registered an intense earthquake at
3:15 a.m. July 26. It was estimated that
the epicenter was in or near Costa Rica
and that it was grade V intensity on
the Mercalli scale.
Five local sportsmen made sporting
history by swimming from a point near
Fort Kobbe to the beach in Taboga,
a distance of approximately 10 miles.
They made the swim in 4 hours and
10 minutes, using snorkles, masks and
flippers.
The last blast of dynamite in Zone II
of the $12,300,000 Empire Reach cut
widening section was set off, complet-
ing the major contract work started
early in 1960.


DAYS


SES CASES ABSEN'
'62 '63 '62 '63
205 11 10 12187
) 1536 101(9) 59 15247
() Locks Overhaul Injuries Included in total.


r
'62
364
7546


12 AUGUST 1963


RETIREMENTS


---








ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
lerival O. Maynard


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Harry F. Butz
Supervisory

Alfonso R. Allman
Carpenter
Aubrey A. Baxter
Launch Operator
Gustavo Fields
Helper Plum
Cyril C. Gord
Painter
Onesiphar E. Laval
Helper Machinist
(Maintenance)


MARINE BUREAU
Guy R. Lord
Chief Engineer, Towboat
Willia Rowe
i, igineer, Towboat
Joseph rd
Helpe) ( 'neral)


A PORTATION AND
Rh-MINALS BUREAU
Joseph White
Linehandler


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Doris C. Etchberger
Statistical Clerk (Stenography)
Frank E. Hirt
Window Clerk
Armella R. Hutchings
Teacher (Elementary-
U.S. Schools)
Vera E. Jones
Teacher (Elementary-
U.S. Schools)
Ella Lombroia
Kindergarten Assistant
Robert R. Urquhart
Firefighter
R. P. O'Connor, Jr.
Customs Inspector

ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Boyd W. Ferry
Lead Foreman Sheet Metal
Worker
C. B. Ocheltree
Master, Towboat
Donald B. Tribe
Supervisor Chemist
(Analytical)
Rudesindo Espinosa
Telephone Instrument
Repairman
Hubert M. Evans
Helper Armature Winder
Leonard A. Grant
Boatman
Jacinto Guerra R.
Carpenter
Alcides A. L6pez
Laborer (Heavy)
Casimiro Lozano
Laborer (Heavy)
Ralph McFarlane
Boiler Tender
R. R. F. Olascoagas
Oiler (Floating Plant)
Hezabiah Richards
Paver
Antonio Torres S.
Leader Seaman

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


HEALTH BUREAU
Fronia Fender
Staff Nurse (Obstetrics)
Thomas C. Lear
Funeral Director
Anna B. Rheney
Medical Radiology
Technician (Diagnosis)
Lucas Diaz
Hospital Food Service
Worker
Marcos Palacios
Maintenanceman

MARINE BUREAU
Ernest C. Stiebritz
Lock Operator (Machinist)
Wenceslao I. Arce
Helper Electrician
11 onilla
*nte (Mainte ce
ucio ig eroa







Leader Calker (Wood)
John Lincoln
Linehandler (Deckhand)





Antonio Martinez
Linehandler (Deckhand)
Job ar ott





Nicols ennin doza
Helper Lock Operator
Salvador Miranda
Helper Lock Operator
Nestor A. Lincolina C.
Pinter maintenancee)




Melanio Moreno
Paintonioer (Martintenance)





Gerald A. Roberts
Linehandler (Deckhand)
NicolAs Mendoza









Manuel Sanchez M.
BoatmanHelper Lock Operator
David Ser rano
Helper Lock Operator
Nestor A. Molina C.



Helpainter (Mainist (enarine)
Stanley E. Smith
Linehandler nance)
Gerald A. Roberts
Linehandler (Deckhand)
Manuel Sanchez M.
Boatman
David Serrano
Helper Machinist (Marine)
Stanley E. Smith
Linehandler


PERSONNEL BUREAU
William J. Kilgallen
Position Classification
Specialist
NM. O. O'Sullivan
Personnel Clerical Assistant
(General)
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Leon S. Will
Milk Products Plant Manager
Pedro A. Alvarado
Utility Worker
James Barnett
Laborer (Heavy)
Alfonso Bayne
Sales Section Head
Alberto A. Camposano
Utility Worker
Francisco Cafiate
Helper (General)
Agustin Coronado
Laborer (Cleaner)
Alberto G6mez
Utility Worker
Efrain L6pez M.
Laborer (Cleaner)
Rogelio Lozano
Garbage Collector
Mary L. Meikle
Packager
Winifred B. Palacio
Stock Control Clerk
Pedro Perez
Stockman
Carlos A. Uriarte
Gas Cylinder Checker
and Serviceman
Santana VAsquez
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Thomas F. Hunt
Liquid Fuels Gager
Tracy P. White
Electrician
Luis Armuelles
Linehandler
Victor S. Garcia D.
Truck Driver
Teodoro Menjivar
Helper Automotive Mechanic
(Body and Fender)






TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net
tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
Avg. No.
1963 1962 Transits
1951-55
United States intercoastal------- ___________ 100 118 170
East coast of United States and South America --.--_ 584 617 458
East coast of United States and Central America _- 144 104 123
East coast of United States and Far East -- ______ --520 576 271
United States/Canada east coast and Australasia_- 85 75 52
Europe and west coast of United States/Canada -__- 218 231 182
Europe and South America ------------------ 334 299 124
Europe and Australasia ----__- _____________ 98 110 83
All other routes_ ---------------743 760 372
Total traffic --------------------_-- 2,826 2,890 1,835


MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS
Vessels of 300 tons net or over
(Fiscal Years)

Transit Gross Tolls
Transits (In thousands of dollars)
Month --------- ---- ; --
Avg. No. Average
1963 1962 Transits 1963 1962 Tolls
1951-55 1951-55
July 1962 - 978 931 557 $4,980 $4,776 $2,432
August- ------- 950 934 554 4,926 4,749 2,403
September- ----- 909 892 570 4,617 4,523 2,431
October- - --- 882 935 607 4,411 4,646 2,559
November- ---- 924 891 568 4,684 4,443 2,361
December - -- 947 938 599 4,983 4,870 2,545
January 1963 -- 769 917 580 3,871 4,735 2,444
February-_-__- -841 841 559 4,313 4,388 2,349
March --___ --- 991 980 632 5,084 5,098 2,657
April- --- -- - 919 942 608 4,761 4,961 2,588
May ----_____ 988 984 629 4,991 5,122 2,672
June -_- _-_- 919 964 599 4,747 4,979 2,528
Total for
Fiscal year__ 11,017 11,149 7,062 $56,368 $57,290 $29,969
Before deduction of any operating expenses.


CANAL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC BY NATIONALITY

Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
1963 1962 1951-55
iNationality-- ---------------------
Nationality Number Tons Number Tons Average Average
of of of of number tons
transit cargo transits cargo transit of cargo
British- --- 355 2,074,923 344 2,384,222 299 1,812,242
Chilean 35 242,528 27 193,901 16 88,080
Chinese- ----- 14 93,406 23 157,444 9 72,660
Colombian -- 55 86,787 65 100,485 38 43,967
Danish - 85 365,303 79 492,661 65 245,718
Ecuadorean_ 15 8,012 11 13,761 35 22,014
French-----__ 29 193,814 37 342,052 31 134,662
German---- 270 911,852 292 949,716 57 146,661
Grcek -- -___ 147 1,547,707 198 1,883,243 28 249,194
Honduran-_-_. 55 40,210 15 27,805 114 130,927
Israeli---_- 14 52,438 19 43,372 -
Italian- - 44 254,143 45 283,730 36 197,097
Japanese- ---- 202 1,178,847 214 1,167,418 70 497,278
Libcrian - 234 2,134,795 213 1,922,555 51 333,268
Netherlands---- 172 750,307 163 719,084 31 160,545
Nicaraguan 17 26,006 .5 10,269 24 24,894
Norwegian 353 2,637,979 381 3,079,083 206 916,735
Panamanian --- 138 626,773 104 435,904 108 596,566
Peruvian ------ 23 79,038 31 103,399 5 10,626
Philippine------ 17 64,956 18 66,724 5 37,985
Swedish---___ 80 466,713 85 527,505 50 196,815
United States_ 425 2,448,114 469 2,646,283 546 3,536,809
All others--.. 47 275,925 52 292,791 11 86,101
Total---- 2,826 16,560,576 2,890 17,843,407 1,835 9,540,844


THE CHIC Santa Mariana, second
ship in a series of four new passenger-
cargo ships of the Grace Line, made its
second transit of the Panama Canal
July 12 en route to Port Newark, N. J.,
and completion of its maiden voyage.
The Santa Mariana was named for
Ecuador's 17th-century Santa Mariana
de Jesuis de Paredes.
Passengers on the northbound voyage
included Capt. Richard G. Jack, Marine
Director of the Panama Canal since
January 1961 and his family. Captain
Jack's new assignment is Commanding
Officer of the U.S. Naval Receiving
Station in Brooklyn, N.Y.
The Santa Mariana will be a regular
Canal customer with an itinerary that
includes stopovers in Colombia, a Canal
transit to South America's Pacific coast,
and a stop at Guayaquil, Ecuador. Her
sister ship, the Santa Magdalena, has
gone into drydock after completing six
voyages from Port Newark, N.J., to the
Caribbean and South America's Pacific
coast. After a general checkover, the
Santa Magdalena will join her sister
cargo-cruise ship.

CARGO RECORDS have been estab-
lished by the collier Nagano on two of
its three transits of the Panama Canal.
On her maiden voyage to Japan the
ship carried a record cargo of coal. On
her transit the middle of July the
Nagano carried 48,218 tons of iron ore,
a record figure for cargo tonnage.
The Nagano, owned by Oswego
Ocean Carriers, Ltd., and operated by
the Marine Transport Lines, Inc., is
under Liberian registry and has a
Chinese captain, Capt. T. S. Hsuing,
and all-Chinese crew.
The record cargo of iron ore was
loaded in Guayacan, Chile, and is
destined for Sparrows Point, Md.
The previous record for iron ore
cargo to transit the Panama Canal was
46,265 tons, almost 2,000 tons below
the Nagano's load.
Because the ship was so heavily
loaded, a daytime transit was scheduled
and the Nagano was No. 2 in the day's
Canal traffic.
The Nagano is 757 feet long and has
a 102-foot beam. Wilford & McKay are
the Panama Canal agents for the ship.

PANAMA CANAL shipping tables
for the fourth quarter of fiscal year
1963 appear on these pages. Tables
for the full fiscal year will be pub-
lished in the September issue of
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW.


14 AUGUST 1963






Refitted, New Route
THE MV DONIZETTI, whose maiden
transit of the Panama Canal was marked
by an exchange of gifts between Dr.
Giuseppe Ali, Director General of the
Italian Line, and Panamanian and
Canal Zone officials, is the first of three
Italian Line motorships to go into
service after being refitted for the
Mediterranean-Central America-South
Pacific route.
A sistership, the MV Verdi, sailed
from Genoa July 9 and the MV
Rossini is due to go into service on
December 19.
The three motorships replace the
Navigator class of ships, the Marco
Polo, the Amerigo Vespucci, and the
Antoniotto Usodimare, which for 15
years contributed greatly to maritime
connections between Central and South
America and Mediterranean Europe.
The Donizetti and her sister-ships
have considerably greater tonnage,
more than 4,000 tons, than the ships
previously in service; are more sea-
worthy; have increased speed-17V2
knots-which reduces the time of pas-
sage by about 3 days; and have
air-conditioning in all rooms.
The three ships have two classes; first
with 170 berths in single, double and
triple cabins, all with private bath or
toilet and shower. The tourist class has
a capacity of 446 berths, mostly in
double or four berth cabins and a high
percentage of these have private baths.
The three ships also have excellent
equipment for carrying cargo, mail, and
passengers' automobiles.

Luxury Tanker
SPECIAL accommodations for children
are a feature on the Jetta Dan, an oil
tanker built in Denmark recently for
J. Lauritzen of Copenhagen. The chil-
dren's playroom built on top of the
engine casing is for the use of the
children of the ship's officers and crew
who, according to company rules, may
take their wives and children with them
for a certain number of days every year.
Family accommodations are provided
on most of the Lauritzen ships which
use the Panama Canal regularly.
Usually there are three to four children
aboard depending on the trade in which
the ship is plying. The Jetta Dan is
695 feet long and has a beam of 91 feet.
She has luxurious accommodations
for the crew, is completely air condi-
tioned and probably is the first oil
tanker to have children's accommoda-
tions. C. Fernie & Co., agents for the
line at the Canal, say that the Jetta Dan
is on an irregular schedule which may
bring her through the Canal sometime
soon.


CANAL TRANSITS COMMERCIAL AND U.S. GOVERNMENT

SFourth Quarter Fiscal Year 1963


Commercial vessels:
Ocean-going -____ ______
Small *----____ .
Total commercial__-_ __
U.S. Government vessels: **
Ocean-going- ------------
Small -
Total commercial and U.S. Gov-
ernment ___--_ ___


1963
Atlantic I Pacific I


to
Pacific


1,4


1,447
66
1,513


to
Atlantic


1,379
64
1,443


Total


2,826
130
2,956


2,890
123
3,013


34 42 76 58
8 13 21 43


1.555


1.498


*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
**Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1,
ships transited free.


3.053


3.104


1951, Government-operated


PRINCIPAL COMMODITIES SHIPPED THROUGH THE CANAL
Pacific to Atlantic

(All cargo figures in long tons)

S Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963


Commodity


Ores, various __------------------
Lumber- - ---- --
Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) --
Wheat _----- - -----
Sugar _____---- -----------
Canned food products - - -
Nitrate of soda - - - -
Fishmeal - ------------
Bananas ---- --- --- --- --------
Metals, various---_----------------
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit)_------ - -
Coffee --____-----------------
Cotton, raw___________- _---
Iron and steel manufactures __--- --
Pulpwood ________----- ---------
All others ______- -- ----
Total -----_---------------


1963


1,882,633
1,122,819
459,035
211,437
567,101
253,825
192,842
254,893
298,231
296,770

228,309
104,377
99,849
241,691
126,214
1,414,959
7,754,985


1962


2,071,950
1,046,606
264,900
135,005
762,842
214,940
229,176

279,096
297,408

219,904
108,704
95,377
152,857
118,518
1,930,220
7,927,503


Average
1951-55


999,938
1,014,773
229,177
437,251
351,696
269,073
319,896
200,684
191,913

142,423
61,185
51,360
59,091
56,464
738,716
5,123,640


Atlantic to Pacific

I Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963


Commodity


Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) -
Coal and coke ___------ ----------
Iron and steel manufactures -----------
Phosphates .__- ____-.- -- ----
Sugar____---------------------
Soybeans ---------- ------------
Metal, scrap ----------------------
Corn _--- ------ -------------
Wheat __ -----------------
Paper and paper products__------------
Bauxite _-------------------------
Machinery ----------------------
Flour, wheat and potato -------------
Chemicals, unclassified ------ --------
Automobiles and parts __------------
All others ---- ----------
Total- ___------------- -----


1963

2,796,725
1,361,950
375,427
418,072
165,526
312,977
583,196
476,850
103,648
94,646
129,924
105,599
95,850
174,881
86,326
1,523,994


1962

3,288,465
1,777,735
456,841
499,977
599,149
287,296
392,274
212,249
151,888
81,702
97,414
120,728
77,054
177,611
80,650
1,614,871


8,805,591 9,915,904


Average
1951-55
1,075,363
703,397
461,804
180,384
190,966
119,263
12,985
25,146
35,034
107,964
38,838
66,780
16,760
51,553
75,503
1,230,845
4,392.585


TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Avg. No.
1962 Transits
1951-SS

Total Total


2,835
381
2,216

166
75

2,457
















I`I
...-ra i1 ,--
.. .. ..sX....... w "
'I **, 3
....wser, wampremai mlly
,4ll m -U qinalleesmansymmps


-7~
SS Corinthie, his present command, no stranger to Canal waters.

Master's First Transit In 1919; 91st One Near


SHAW-SAVILL Commodore Capt.
Arthur C. Jones, who- has transited the
Panama Canal 90 times in nearly half
a century of sea duty, was expected to
arrive at the Canal Saturday, August 3,
homeward bound for the United King-
dom and retirement. Sixty-three of
his Canal transits have been in the
SS Corinthic, his present command, a
vessel of 15,682 gross tons engaged in
the United Kingdom-New Zealand
trade via the Panama Canal.
Captain Jones, son of a Church of
England minister, was born in Somer-
set, England, in July 1898. His grand-
father and great-grandfather were both
in command in sail. The latter was lost
with his ship off the China Coast.


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JUNE
1963 1962
Commercial .............. 919 964
U.S. Government ......... 30 13


Free....................
Total...........


6 7
955 984


TOLLS
Commercial.... $4,749,806 $4,979,769
U.S. Government 112,843 97,860
Total.... $4,862,649 $5,077,629
CARGO**


Commercial.... 5,462,322
U.S. Government 79,962
Free .......... 35,613
Total.... 5,577,897


5,684,416
110,938
35,170
5,830,524


*Includes tolls on all ve.els. ocean-going and small.
"Cargo figures are in long tons.


Captain Jones commenced his
apprenticeship at sea with the Ellerman
& Bucknall Line October 13, 1915,
joining the SS Bechuana. He subse-
quently served in seven other vessels
in this line over a period of 9 years.
His first voyage through the Panama
Canal was about the middle of 1919.
He joined the Shaw-Savill Line in
February 1925 and served in 16 of the
company's ships, his first command
being SS Samrich, former Liberty ship
Wm. Pitt Preble, in November 1946.
He joined his present vessel, SS Corin-
thic, in September 1951. Upon com-
pletion of this voyage, he says, he
intends to spend his time attending to
gardening and other hobbies.


JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN

MONTHS


I100
N
U
1000 M
B
E
900 R
0
F
800
T
R
700 A
N
S
600 T
S
0


16 AUGUST 1963


-(AVERAGE 1951
!1 1 1


-19551-


196 2


Transits, Cargoes Off
TRANSITS and cargo tonnage during
the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1963,
just past, show a drop of 64 in transits
and cargo tonnage off nearly 1.3 million
tons from the level for the same period
of 1962. Complete statistics for the
quarter appear on pages 14 and 15.
In contrast, a year ago, figures for
the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1962
had shown increases in both transits
and cargo tonnage.
For the fourth quarter of 1963,
among major nation customers, only
Panamanian, Liberian, and British flag
vessels showed substantial increases in
number of transits, and while the
Liberian flag cargo was up more than
200,000 tons and Panamanian flag
ships' cargo tonnage up nearly 200,000
tons, the British vessels carried
approximately 300,000 tons less cargo.
Greek ships had 51 fewer transits and
a cargo tonnage drop of about 300,000
tons. Transits by Norwegian flag vessels
were off 28 and cargoes dropped by
more than 400,000 tons. U.S. ships
made 44 fewer transits and carried
almost 200,000 tons less cargo.
Figures for ships of 22 nations on
the listing of Canal commercial traffic
by nationality of vessels reveal that 14
had tonnage decreases, only eight ton-
nage increases; 13 had decreases in
number of transits, and only 9 had
increases in transits.
The largest number of transits in the
fourth quarter were made by U.S. flag
ships, with British flag vessels second,
and Norwegian, third. In cargo ton-
nage, however, the Norwegian vessels
carried more than 2.6 million tons to
top this list. The U.S. ships' total was
a little above 2.4 million tons.




Full Text

PAGE 2

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES

PAGE 3

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie141pana

PAGE 7

P ANAMA pjlTO CANA L IN THIS ISSUE Tourist Trip Tips He Has Ups and Downs Navigatior^p^s^o/ / LATIN AMfRICA

PAGE 8

Robert J. Fleming, Jr., Governor-President Dvvid S. Parker, Lieutenant Governor Frank A. Baldwin Panama Canal Information Officer /LisL, Official Panama Canal Publication Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z. Joseph Connor, Press Officer Publications Editors Robert D. Kerr and Julio E. Briceno Editorial Assistants Eunice Richard, Tobi BnrEL.and Tomas A. Cupas Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees. Subscriptions, SI a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights. C.Z. Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C.Z. Robert Duran Jeff Riley Wi inning, WayJ THE FOUR-MAN team representing Panama in the International JayCee Golf Tournament at Midland and Ranch Land Hills Country' Clubs, Midland, Tex., on August 20-23, will play practice matches in Texas with other teams prior to the big tournament. Riley and Stoudnor were members of last year's team, which played in the JayCee at Spring Valley Country Club, Huntington, W. Va. Duran, this year's local champion in a thrilling playoff with Riley, is a Panama City boy, playing out of the Panama Golf Club. Perantie and Riley, who reside in La Boca, and Stoudnor, who lives in Balboa, all play out of the Fort Amador Golf Club. Seventy boys competed in this year's tournament, featured by a two-way playoff in the championship flight and a three-way playoff in the first flight, won by Peter Dehlinger. Craig Stoudnor Tom Perantie READERS OF The Panama Canal Review who would like to have friends or relatives receive the Review are urged to subscribe for the additional copies by mailing $1 to "The Panama Canal Review, Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z. The subscriptions are handled by the Communications and Records Section in the basement of the Administration Building at Balboa Heights. Mail subscriptions are sent directly from the Mount Hope Printing Plant to the addressee, thus avoiding additional expense and bother for those sending them, many of whom have in the past handled the mailing themselves. The airmail subscription rate is $4.35 a vear. Index The Parkers 3 Mexico Trip Tourist Tips 4 Having Ups and Downs 6 Navigation Division; Nerve Center 7 Nursery Center 8 Promotions and Transfers 10 Canal History, Retirements 12 Quarterly Shipping Tables 14 Shipping 16 ON OUR COVER: Things are looking up-for both the kittens and the kids. The scene is at the community nursery center organized through the cooperation and efforts of the people of the communities of Paraiso and Pedro Miguel, a prime example of joint participation in solution of a problem as opposed to awaiting ready-made answers provided by "someone else." Such participation invariably means a more competent, more mature approach to obligations of citizenship. For more on the nursery center, see pages 8 and 9. On other pages you'll get an introduction to the Lieutenant Governor's family; get tips for touring to Mexico; a look at the Navigation Division; and a report on a ship's master, veteran of many Panama Canal transits since 1919, who is retiring. 2 Aucust 1963

PAGE 9

A decisive moment in a family game came when Canal Zone Lieutenant Governor, David S. Parker, made a well-considered move. Youngest son Stephen (far left), daughter Anne, and oldest son David (standing) take a serious view of the situation. Son Bruce smiles, for he has his next move planned, and Mrs. Parker enjoys her family's reaction. It's A Wonder They All Got Together A SENTIMENTAL journey to the birthplace of each member of the Canal Zone Lieutenant Governor's family would take the family members from one coast to the other of the United States and halfway around the world. Col. David S. Parker was born in Fort Huachuca, Ariz., the son of a U.S. Army officer. Mrs. Parker, a U.S. Army officer's daughter, was born in Oahu, Hawaii. "Just wait until you hear about our birthplaces," the boys chuckle. Two of the Parker sons were born in the United States, David in Washington, D.C., and Stephen in San Francisco, Calif. Bruce was born in Tokyo, Japan, where Colonel Parker was stationed with the Army of Occupation for 3 years, and Anne was born at West Point, N.Y., where he was instructor in Military Topography prior to coming to the Canal Zone in 1952 as Military Assistant to the Governor. Changing schools, and starting life afresh in a new locale doesn't faze the Parker children one bit. In each new locale, as they have done on the Isthmus, they go in for sports in general —and tennis, basketball, golf, and fishing are pretty much the same in any clime, in any language. The Canal Zone's Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Parker are fully familiar with adapting themselves to new schools, new scenes, new friends. Colonel Parker attended schools in Kansas, Texas, Vermont, and New Mexico before he entered the Military Academy at West Point, from which he was graduated in 1940 with a commission in the Corps of Engineers. Mrs. Parker also grew up on U.S. Army posts. She attended two different high schools and three different colleges. She is a graduate of Stanford University and has taught about 5 years in nursery schools and kindergarten, plus one year in public schools. The last year Colonel Parker was here as Military Assistant to the Governor, she taught nursery school at Fort Amador. All the family enjoys outdoor living, and they speak with enthusiasm of three camping trips they have made across the United States. They have lived in a tent, in true camp style, but never were troubled by wild animals— although they have seen a good number of bears. It's not an animal, but a bird, that's credited to the youngest son, Stephen or Steve as he's more familiarly known, at the Smithsonian Institution. Steve found a Cape May warbler, a fairly rare member of the bird world in Virginia, and presented it to the Institution. This past school year Steve won honorable mention in a two-county area for a solar kiln he made and entered in a Science Fair. David, the big brother of the family, is working as a student assistant in the Engineering and Construction Bureau during summer vacation and will return to William and Mary in the fall for his sophomore year. He places on an almost equal plane tennis, chess, and reading. Bruce and Steve have joined the Balboa Gun Club and are in the "A" League in the Canal Zone Summer Becreation Program. Bruce goes in for stamp collecting and challenges his brother, Dave, for the family bridge crown. Anne and her mother are following an artistic bent, but Anne prefers charcoal sketching while Mrs. Parker is hoping to do oil paintings. Colonel Parker, himself, enjoys photography when he has time for this hobby. Anne is learning to play the organ and likes reading and tennis. But she is a rival of her brothers when a fishing pole is in her hands. Though they haven't been in the Canal Zone very long, Steve and Anne already have sailfish snouts to bear witness to their prowess. All the family has enjoyed skiing on Mount Hood and ice skating, but they also enjoy swimming in a warm clime. Most of all, wherever they are, they enjoy doing things together. The Panama Canal Beview

PAGE 10

8.543 MILES... 2 MONTHS Tourist Tips For a Trip To Mexico Goats scamper off the highway in Guatemala. The placid cows were not so willing to yield. Most of them simply stared, unperturbed by horn blowing. The car detoured around them cautiously. BY SAMUEL T. SKEETE WHEN THE Latin American Schools went on vacation last February we had plans to spend our vacation in Costa Rica, but the article in the Review for February entitled "A Profile: InterAmerican Highway" furnished inspiration to make a trip by road all the way to Mexico City. Some of our friends thought we were taking a big risk, but I had great faith, continuing with my plans. Resides my wife, Elsa, making the trip with me in a 1963, 4-door, 4-cylinder model 1330 Fiat were: Miss Alicia Facey, elementary teacher, Mrs. Cora Rowe, high school teacher— both from Colon, and Mrs. Dorothy White, dressmaker from Rainbow City. Mrs. Skeete and I are teachers in the Rainbow City Elementary School. Our experience on this trip taught us a lot of things, some of which we would like to pass on to others who might be contemplating such a venture. It might help to contribute to their comfort and convenience. Women should wear basic dresses that can take changes of ornaments. Not too loud colors. A few woolen sweaters, a scarf or neckerchief to protect the hair when passing through dusty areas, besides being of practical use otherwise. Spring coat, medium weight with three-quarter or long sleeves. Resides a couple pairs of dress shoes, sandals or flat shoes are needed for use with sport clothes when going climbing and swimming, etc. Dark glasses are a must. Enough stockings for the whole trip, as Mexico is the only country with a large variety from which to purchase. Of course, take your camera. Men's clothing: two suits, sweaters or waistcoat for very cold mornings and evenings. Few extra pants for driving, climbing, etc. Don't buy too many souvenirs unless you have space in your car. The mail service is very slow, and packages arrive in not too good condition unless they are very well packed with straw or paper, which is sure to increase the postage a great deal. Money shoud be carried in travelers checks as a rule— $10 denomination will do. Take along 5 to 8 percent in $1 bills to take care of last minute spending or gasoline near borders when leaving the countries, because when purchasing with large denominations you will be given change in native money which you don't wish to take with you. Only in Mexico do they give change or exchange in U.S. dollars. In Mexico City, taxi drivers who recognize you as visitors may want to recommend hotels for you. They never recommend such hotels as the Hotel Compostela— one of the very best and cheaper than most— because they get no commission. The food there is excellent. Follow the traffic rules and signs, especially when going down grades and around curves. Go down in slow gear. The gas saved going down dangerous grades in high gear is not worth the risk. Then too, no matter how sure you may feel about following the maps, always take time to stop now and then to ask questions. This may save much waste of time and gas. Maps of the countries are obtainable at many gas stations. It is best to travel during the daytime when going from one country to another. There is great danger of running into slides, cattle, rocks, or other objects on the highway— not to mention people who love to walk bv night on the road. Resides, night travel can slow you up a great deal. Panama is the only country which has laws against cattle on the highway. All the other Central American countries have signs on the roads warning to look out for cattle. We met quite a lot of animals on the highway. Leave early and night is not likely to overtake you. At least, in this way you will have very little, if any, night driving to do. Recause of the size of Mexico we found it necessary to make three August 1963

PAGE 11

stops going north, on the east side (By way of Comitan, Matias Romero and Puebla) before reaching Mexico City. On the return trip, for variety's sake, we took the highway via Oaxaca, where there are lots of curves and hills, but the highway is very well paved, and Oaxaca and Comitan were the only stops we had to make coming back. And talking about well-paved roads, the super highways— wherever there is opportunity to make a choice — are better and faster for travel, with the legal speed limit as high as 110 kilometers per hour (about 70 miles) in some places. The older, narrow roads may be even shorter than the super highway, but have many sharp curves, annoying hills and reduced legal speeds. It is worth the 5 or 8 pesos toll charges to go by super highway. A great deal of time is saved, too. Make friends with the people. You can learn a lot from them and about them and their countries which might save you money and time. Nevertheless, be wary of too friendly people. Employees of hotels can also be of invaluable help and a rich source of information. Get in touch with the Tourist Commission in each country. They can keep you up to date on road conditions or any late changes in conditions in the country. The hotel maids will gladly help you find someone to wash your laundry, and some of them might even do the job for you at reasonable prices. Don't expect, though, to get the kind of laundry service you get at home. It is not necessary to follow the 10 percent tipping recommended by Emily Post. One or two pesos should be reasonable, depending on the number of persons and the quality of the service. However, remember that in Guatemala the exchange is one quetzal for $1; so be guided accordingly. On entering Nicaragua, at either of the borders, there is a charge of $5 (5 U.S. dollars) for each person. No receipt is given, and there is no use arguing. Besides, one has to go to the "Migracion" office in Managua with pictures (two) to get another visa; no charge. Then, to test one's patience, another visa has to be obtained at Somoto (going and coming). Somoto is 20 kilometers from the Honduran border. The signboard at the entrance to Somoto which tells that the visa is to be had there was broken off the guard house on the highway. We did not know and were turned back at the border, losing valuable time, besides having to pay after hours fees at the border. Only Costa Rica and Mexico have 24-hour border service. Regular working hours at the other Central American borders are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays are not regular working days; therefore a fee is charged each person and the car. In Guatemala City it is also necessary to get a local visa at the Migracion office. A photograph also is requiredno charges. Do get to the office early and avoid hours of waiting after the crowd arrives. The local hotel management and tourist commission representatives, especially those in Mexico, urged that we take a taxi when going about and out of town because of the traffic and difficulty in finding our way around. But we found, after a couple of exciting days feeling our way about the city, that we could drive anywhere we wanted to go with little trouble. We studied the map (a good 10-peso one of Mexico City) before leaving on any trip. Sometimes in the excitement we went up the wrong street and had it rough getting back on the right one, but it was stimulating fun always. Incidentally, the maps obtainable at the Mexican Consulate in Panama City show all the towns which have gas stations. This is a real help for the traveler. A green dot near the name of a town means you can buy gas there. The trip cost us an average of $550 each, which included hotels and pensions, meals, (in Mexico food is separate from room) guides on two occasions, souvenirs, gasoline, tune-up, small repairs, etc. We spent at least 1 week in each Central American country, and 3 weeks in Mexico. The whole trip took us away from home for two wellspent months during which time we traveled 8,543 miles. There are many public parking places (Called "Estacionamiento," "Pension," or "Banco de Carros") in all the countries which store a car overnight at very reasonable prices. One should never risk leaving a car outdoors at night, for it invites risking the experience of hitchhiking back home. Another thing: Never buy from the first store or shop. Window shop around; compare prices. The experience will be a great eye-opener. One place we were charged 50 pesos for beautiful polished stone book-ends, while they asked only 30 pesos in another shop for the same thing. After haggling a little, we got them for 28 pesos. One store had a leather purse for 15 pesos; across the street, the same purse was 10 pesos. Language was not much of a problem, especially in Mexico. People everywhere, even in some Central American countries, liked to show off their little knowledge of Englishespecially the high school kids. Note.— Besides a passport one needs— for leaving the country— A Paz y Salvo from Rentas Internas (Internal Revenue) Office for each person; a Paz y Salvo from the Municipal Treasurer, a letter in Spanish from the automobile agency showing ownership if the car is not fully paid for, and a permit from the traffic department in Panama or Colon. It is recommended that visas be obtained here from the consulates before leaving, and in Mexico City when returning. Hotels, Pensions Costs Here were the charges per person at places this tourist group stayed: Costa Rica (pension) 12 days $45.00 Nicaragua (hotel) 1 day 3.60 Honduras (hotel) 5 days 17.50 El Salvador ( boarding house ) 9 days 26.50 Guatemala (hotel) 6 days 27.50 Mexico (hotel) 26 days 119.40 59 days $240.00 Average: Less than $4.10 per day. Prices sometimes included tourist tax and there were discounts of as much as 15 percent because there were five in the group or because the stay was more than a week, or both. Luxury hotels charge much more, some "not too good" places considerably less. One hotel had storage for the car— gratis— with watchman service all night. And the watchman cleaned the car for a small fee. They found one hotel that charged $12, without meals. The Panama Canal Review

PAGE 12

^^E^/A

PAGE 13

Navigation Division Nerve Center Of The Canal Capt. Eli D. Ring, Chief of Navigation Division. GET AS MANY ships through the Canal as possible, as safely and quickly as possible, and provide the maximum of service to shipping. These are the jobs of the Navigation Division which, together with the Locks Division, operates the waterway. Getting the jobs done requires for the Navigation Division a force of more than 1,450 employees: pilots, deckhands, foremen, boarding officers, traffic controllers, and administrative personnel. With that number of employees, personnel matters and working rules claim a great share of Navigation Division working time. A major phase of the division's work is making sure there are no overdrafts by transiting ships. For this reason, the chief of the Navigation Division frequently is aboard when big, deep draft ships transit. Determining the deepest safe drafts for these ships, and their handling characteristics at specified drafts, is essential to maintenance of safety standards. Prior to the first transit of a big ship, a diagram of a cross-section of its hull at its widest and deepest part is superimposed on a diagram, to the same scale, of the most restrictive locks section. By sliding the diagram up or down, the probable maximum safe allowable draft can be determined. The Argyll, to make its initial transit this month, has a beam of 106 feet 2 inches and is 763 feet long. Its owners have asked for a draft of 35 feet, but the ship's construction is such that it is to be held to a 34-foot draft for its initial transit to determine its handling characteristics in the Cut and in and around the Locks. The shallower draft for the initial transit is a safeguard to permit easier handling of the ship until its specific capabilities and handling characteristics have been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the pilots. Enforcement of the rules and regulations governing navigation of the Canal, along with those pertaining to health, customs, immigration, and contraband, also are important parts of the Navigation Division's work. Rules on chocks and bitts, for example, require that they be so constructed that cables from the mules will neither slip out nor bind while the ships are being raised or lowered as they are locked through. Location of the chocks and bitts also is important, so that the cables from the mules have maximum control. Correspondence is carried on regularly between the Navigation Division, with the help of the Locks Division, and shipbuilding yards throughout the world on these points for ship construction and conversion. The Navigation Division also is charged with scheduling and dispatching of vessels for transits to ensure coordinated control of traffic throughout the Canal and Zone waters; training, supervision, and assignment of pilots; entrance and clearance of vessels at the terminal ports, including coordination of boarding parties; assignment of berths for ships, and operation of tugboats and launches for servicing of shipping. Heading the Navigation Division as chief is Capt. Eli D. Ring, USN, who has served as port captain at both Balboa and Cristobal, and is the first to serve as Chief of the Navigation Division with the port captain position separated from the chiefs job, a change made in June following management surveys. Relieved of the port captain responsibilities, except in supervisory capacity, the Chief of the Navigation Division has been assigned broader responsibilities in certain fields, to ease the workload of the Marine Bureau Director's and the Port Captains' offices. These fields are: Coordination of working rules and practices between the Atlantic and Pacific port captains' areas; overall supervision of marine traffic control throughout the entire length of the Canal; uniform work practices within the Navigation Division; coordinating Navigation Division units, the Locks Division and Dredging Division; coordinating personnel and budgetary plans and policies for the Navigation Division as a whole; proposing and coordinating with the rest of the Canal units affected on improvements to navigation in the Canal. During fiscal year 1962, 11,424 ocean going vessels transited the Canal. Gross expenses of the Navigation Division during this period totaled $8,545,000, and revenues derived from rental of tugs and launches, harbor pilotage, and deckhand services amounted to $4,400,000. Efficiency of operation of the Navigation Division is reflected directly on the ledgers of both the Panama Canal and ship owners and operators, determining whether there are economies or increased costs per ton of shipping transited. A foot of draft represents to the bulk ship operator as much as $7,500 to $10,000 in potential revenue per transit. A day's delay in transiting can mean an additional cost of $500 to $5,000 to a ship. Rough approximation of ships' daily operating cost is in the area of $2,500 per day. Vessels with excess draft or list are required for safety reasons to correct the faults, usually by pumping out water or redistributing fuel. A very few vessels have been delayed 3 or 4 days to make corrections so they won't endanger themselves, other shipping, or Canal structures. Navigation Division personnel take the greatest pride in getting the big (See p. 11) The Panama Canal Review

PAGE 15

atjtf*' c Not there! That's the kitchen! nuR$€Ry C€nT€R At times they're a real swingirT set. THE PEDRO MIGUEL Nursery Center has been established as a community project for care of pre-school children when their mothers work or have to go to the hospital. It was organized by Paraiso and Pedro Miguel communities under the direction of Mrs. Georgina C. de Young, social worker for the Social Welfare Program for the jpigr So that's how my shirts are ironed. My nap? Just as soon as I fix this dern earring. \A Latin American Communities in the Canal Zone. The Balboa Women's Club financed cost of activities materials and part of the equipment needed. Director of the Nursery Center is Mrs. Myrtle Marshall, graduate teacher in the Escuela Profesional of Panama. Fourteen volunteers are helping with activities of the Center. obviously they're a bunch of heavy drinkers. — + -*v Community Project Filling station for kids. 1 il

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred between June 5 and July 5 (withingrade promotions and job reclassifications are not listed ) : CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU James L. Phillips, Guard, Locks Division, to Fire Protection Inspector, Fire Division. Customs Division Ronald E. Angermuller, Customs Guard to Customs Inspector. Lawrence E. Layman, Window Clerk, Substitute, Postal Division, to Customs Guard. Herman E. Singh, Clerk, from Maintenance Division. Postal Division Donald R. Rudy, Window Clerk to Finance Branch Superintendent. Raphael J. Amato, Guard, Locks Division, to Window Clerk, Substitute. Division of Schools Constance A. Gallop, Elementary Teacher and Substitute Teacher, Latin American Schools, to Elementary' Teacher, Latin American Schools. Elizabeth Tapiero, Substitute Teacher, Latin American Schools, to Elementary Teacher, Latin American Schools. Carol L. Vidaurri, Clerk-Translator, Administrative Branch, to Substitute Teacher. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Electrical Division Wesley H. Sparling, Senior Operator (Generating Station) to Power System Dispatcher. Francisco Perez, Apprentice (Armature (Winder) (4th Year) to Armature Winder. Dredging Division Katherine E. Foulkes, Clerk-Stenographer to Clerical Assistant (Stenography). Vincent Biava, General Foreman Machinist (Marine) to Chief Foreman Machinist (Marine). John E. Sholund, Jr., Machinist (Marine) to General Foreman Machinist (Marine). Charles W. Hammond, Lead Foreman Painter, from Locks Division. Slaughter H. Sharpensteen, Foreman, Pipeline Dredge, Class I, to 2d Mate, Pipeline Dredge, Class I. Donald L. Crall, from 2d Mate, Pipeline Dredge, Class I, to Leverman, Pipeline Dredge, Class I. Manuel J. Castillo, Juan S. Diaz, Camilo Rodriguez, Navigational Aid Worker to Maintenanceman (Distribution Systems). Maintenance Division Walter E. Marek, Leader Plumber to Lead Foreman (Quarters Maintenance). William W. Spencer, Leader Electrician to Lead Foreman Electrician. Cyril Hamilton, Stockman to Supervisory Storekeeping Clerk. Eliott F. Brathwaite, Painter (Sign) from Locks Division. James D. Maloney, Laborer to Helper Plumber. Jesus M. Justiniani, Laborer (Cleaner), from Community Services Division, to Laborer. James Miller, Utility Worker, Supply Division, to Laborer. HEALTH BUREAU Doris R. Kintigh, Miscellaneous Documents Examiner (Typing) to Registrar (Vital Statistics), Office of the Director. Harold G. Fergus, Counterman, Supply Division, to Food Service Worker, Coco Solo Hospital. Samuel Ogarro, Assistant Cook to Cook, Corozal Hospital. Gorgas Hospital Robert L. Thompson, Hospital Administrative Assistant to Assistant Hospital Administrative Officer. Robert J. Kingsbury, John D. Sigurdson, Hospital Resident, 2d Year, to Hospital Resident, 3d Year. Kenneth W. Bloomberg, Daniel Graver, William F. Short, Hospital Resident, 1st Year, to Hospital Resident, 2d Year. Herbert B. Dwyer, Albert J. Mitchell Harold J. Morrison, from Hospital Food Service Worker to Leader Hospital Food Service Worker. Fred A. Howell, Clerk to Medical Technician (General). Felix Rios, Clerk (Checker), Terminals Division, to Clerk. Harold T. Kildare, Stockman, Supply Division, to Truck Driver. Lawrence C. Burton, Storekeeping Clerk to Leader Hospital Attendant. MARINE BUREAU Navigation Division Arthur L. Logan, Jr., Pilot to Assistant Captain of the Port. Robert E. Medinger, Supervisory Admeasurer (Chief Admeasurer) to Supervisory Admeasurer (Director of Admeasurement). Lionel L. Ewing, Admeasurer to Supervisory Admeasurer (Chief Admeasurer). Waldo T. Bryan, Launch Dispatcher to Clerk. James N. Linton, Laborer (Cleaner), Supply Division, to Laborer (Cleaner). Industrial Division Theodore W. A. Krzys, Machinist to Inspector (Scales and Oil Meters). Allan P. Noel, Paint and Varnish Maker to Painter. Victor C. Jarrett, Utility Worker and Pinsetter, Supply Division, to Clerk. Walter G. Campbell, Laborer (Heavy), Supply Division, to Helper (General). Victor M. Vique, Laborer (Cleaner) to Laborer. Locks Division Leonard N. Martin, Guard Supervisor (Assistant Chief, Inspector, Locks Security Branch), to Guard Supervisor (Chief, Captain, Locks Section Branch). Joseph A. Janko, Guard Supervisor to Guard Supervisor (Assistant Chief, Inspector, Locks Security Branch). Marvin D. Metheny, Guard to Guard Supervisor. Joseph H. Young, Lead Foreman (Lock Operations) to General Foreman (Lock Operations). Curtis L. Coate, Leader Lock Operator (Electrician) to Control House Operator. Hugh C. Christie, Leader Lock Operator (Machinist) to Lead Foreman (Lock Operations). Robert L. Johnson, Lock Operator (Machinist) to Leader Lock Operator (Machinist). Raymond L. Rowley, Lock Operator (Electrician) to Leader Lock Operator (Electrician). Clifford O. Blake, Maintenanceman to Painter. Maximo Amaya, Cement Finisher (Limited) to Cement Finisher. Eustace G. Collins, Helper Lock Operator to Leader Maintenanceman (Rope and Wire Cable). Pastor Cordoba, Victor M. Perez, Leandro Rivas, Marcial Rodriguez, Jose A. Sibauste, Gabriel Zapateiro, from Linehandler to Boatman. Vicente Clare, Dock Worker, Terminals Division, to Linehandler. Theodore McEntosh, Linehandler to Helper Lock Operator. Raimundo Ceballos, Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator (Small), Community Services Division, to Linehandler. Alsay Thomas, Utility Worker, Supply Division, to Linehandler. Brace A. Chase, Laborer, Maintenance Division, to Linehandler. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Stephen A. Bissell, Accountant to Supervisory Accountant, Accounting Division. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Community Services Division Vivian G. Corn, Alan B. Lancaster, Clerk, to Housing Project Assistant. Isaac Guizado, Laborer (Pest Control), to Gardener. Eduvigis Rangel, Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator (Small) to Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator. Alejandro Acosta, Laborer to Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator. Supply Division Willy W. Nowotny, Service Center Supervisor to Restaurant Manager Caterer. Lois H. Cotton, Sales Clerk to Accounting Clerk, Office of General Manager. George Thorbourne, Guest House Assistant to Accounting Assistant Olianda A. De Alvarado, Accounting Clerk to Accounting Assistant. Rudolph Adonia, Warehouseman to Leader High Lift Truck Operator. Cleveland G. Griffith, Lester Payne, Utility Worker to Storekeeping Clerk. Edith S. Fitzroy, Counterwoman to Sales Clerk. Ivanhoe A. Harris, Jr., Utility Worker to Grocery Attendant. Jorge D. Denkley, Pinsetter to Utility Worker. Ethlyn L. Ashby, Waiter (Special) to Presser (Flatwork). 10 August 1963

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Dredging, Blasting A Big One TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS DIVISION Ruth C. Sawyer, Secretary (Stenography) to Clerical Assistant (Stenography), Water Transportation Division. Albert D. Lord, Clerk to School Bus Driver, Motor Transportation Division. Winston K. Binns, Helper Locomotive Engineer to Brakeman, Railroad Division. Terminals Division George Atkinson, Vibert G. Rose, Freight Clerk to Cargo Checker. Randolph H. Blake, Alvin Girdwood, Cargo Marker to Clerk (Checker). Miguel Rivas, Helper (General) to Maintenanceman. George S. Clarke, Utility Worker, Supply Division, to Cargo Marker. Charles G. Warren, Linehandler (Deckhand), Navigation Division, to Stevedore. Hubert E. Williams, Waiter, Supply Division, to Laborer (Cleaner). OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not involve changes of tide: Jerry W. Mitchell, Trial Attorney (Admiralty), Office of General Counsel. Walter T. Williams, General Attorney, Office of General Counsel. Russel E. Hellmund, Richard C. Hogan, Charles F. Schonert, Finance Branch Superintendent, Postal Division. Edwin C. Mcllvaine, Accounting Assistant, Office of General Manager, Supply Division. James G. Slice, Guard Supervisor, Locks Division. Donald Ponder, Marine Traffic Controller, Navigation Division. Sarah D. Cheney, Secretary (Stenography), Dredging Division. Clyde W. Carew, Accounting Clerk, Terminals Division. Nemesio S. Kelly, Raul Rodriguez, Clerk, Locks Division. -'%.

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CANAL HISTORY 50 \Jear3 cAao THE CONCRETE penitentiary building at Culebra, abandoned in October 1911 because of slides on the west bank of the Cut menacing its stability, has been demolished. The slide area never had broken back to the building, but the possibility of its doing so made the building useless. Gen. Rafael Reyes, ex-president of Colombia, arrived on the Isthmus. For Vh years he had been traveling extensively in Spain, the United States, Cuba, and most of the South American countries in behalf of a project for erecting a statue to Vasco Nunez de Balboa at the Pacific entrance of the Canal. The Panama Tramways Company prepared to open its Central Avenue line to the public, with cars to leave the National Palace every 10 minutes for Hotel Tivoli and Ancon Hospital station and vice versa. The fare was 5 cents between any two points on the line in one direction. 25 IJearJ cAao RECONSTRUCTION OF Dock 15, Balboa, a $1,220,000 project, was nearing completion. Except for Madden Dam, it was one of the largest projects since the close of the construction era. Lock gates at Miraflores Locks lost their claim to the title as the tallest in the world, at 82 feet, when the lower gates of Bonneville Dam in the Columbia River in the United States were installed. They tower 100 feet above floor level. Advance press representatives were arriving to cover the visit of President Roosevelt to the Isthmus scheduled for August 5. 10 yearJ c4go LICENSING OF dogs in the Canal Zone started, with an August 1 deadline. Registration, vaccination, and licensing teams, as a convenience to dog owners, spent 1 day in each of 10 Canal Zone towns. RETIREMENTS EMPLOYEES who retired in June are listed below, with positions, and years of Canal service: Ross A. Aldrich, test operator-foreman, (electrician) Electrical Division, Atlantic Side; 27 years, 11 months, 3 days. Walter F. Allen, chauffeur, car of the President, Motor Transportation Division, Pacific Side; 22 years, 4 months, 8 days. Christopher T. Brewster, helper automotive machinist. Motor Transportation Division, Pacific Side; 24 years, 7 months, 12 days. Miss Jeanne E. Brown, teacher, Senior High, U.S. Schools, Canal Zone Division of Schools, Pacific Side; 31 years, 8 months, 5 days. Nelson R. Clark, supervisory marine traffic controller, Port Captain's Office, Atlantic Side; 21 years, 4 months, 11 days. Richard E. Cox, administrative services assistant, Supply Division, Pacific Side; 33 years. 2 months, 27 days. Miss Claudette de Villafranca, staff nurse (tuberculosis), Gorgas Hospital; 8 years, 3 months, 17 days. Ronald A. Faunce, electrician, Electrical Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, 11 months. George P. Fullman, leader, instrument mechanic, Maintenance Division, Pacific Side; 23 years, 9 months, 19 days, Juan A. Loaiza, stevedore, Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 37 years, 10 months, 18 days, William J. McKeown, fuels wharfman. Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 21 years, 5 months, 1 day. Concepcion Molinar, laborer, Maintenance Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, 9 months, 1 1 days. Emerson Newball, stevedore, Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 33 years, 2 months, 18 days. Wilmoth L. Raymond, winchman, Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 12 years, 10 months, 12 days. Hubert A. Rotenberry, lead foreman, painter, Dredging Division; 20 years, 2 months. Herman Small, stevedore, Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 45 years, 4 months, 12 days. Henry White, warehouseman, Supply Division, Atlantic Side; 47 years, 2 months. Contracts for 5,000 head of beef at a total cost of more than $675,000 were awarded to seven Republic of Panama suppliers. The aggregate cost was approximately twice that of any contract ever before awarded by the Panama Canal to cattle growers in the Republic. Appointment of Sigurd E. Esser as superintendent of Canal Zone Schools was announced. Hours of the cafeteria in the basement of the Administration Building were cut back from a 6 a.m. to 4 p.m. schedule to a 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. operation. One year cAgo THE PANAMA Canal Women's Welfare Group was formally organized at a coffee given by Mrs. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., wife of the Governor of the Canal Zone. The seismograph at Balboa Heights registered an intense earthquake at 3:15 a.m. July 26. It was estimated that the epicenter was in or near Costa Rica and that it was grade V intensity on the Mercalli scale. Five local sportsmen made sporting history by swimming from a point near Fort Kobbe to the beach in Taboga, a distance of approximately 10 miles. They made the swim in 4 hours and 10 minutes, using snorkles, masks and flippers. The last blast of dynamite in Zone II of the $12,300,000 Empire Reach cut widening section was set off, completing the major contract work started early in 1960. -ACCIDENTSTHIS MONTH AND THIS YEAR JUNE ALL UNITS YEAR TO DATE CASES •63 '62 232 2C5 1498(36) 15361 CASES •63 11 101(9) •62 10 59 DAYS ABSENT •63 '62 12187 364 15247 7546 ( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries Included In total. 12 August 1963

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION RUREAU Meri val O Maynard FIT MHRINE^H Rapist ICE Alexander S. Renson** Leader Laborer Mauricio J. Lovell Supply Clerk (Sales, Typing) ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION RUREAU Harry F. Hutz Supervisory Engineer Alfonso R. Allman Carpenter Aubrey A. Raxter Launch Operator Gustavo Fields Helper Plum Cyril C. Gord. Painter Onesiphar E. Laval Helper Machinist (Maintenance) MARINE RUREAU Guy R. Lord Chief Engineer, Towboat Rowe neer, Towboat Joseph l|f. \n (1 neral) ASPORTATION AND RMINALS RUREAU Joseph White Linehandler CTVIL AFFAIRS RUREAU Doris C. Etchberger Statistical Clerk (Stenography) Frank E. Hirt Window Clerk Armella R. Hutchings Teacher (ElementaryU.S. Schools) Vera E. Jones Teacher (ElementaryU.S. Schools) Ella Lombroia Kindergarten Assistant Robert R. Urquhart Firefighter R. P. O'Connor, Jr. Customs Inspector ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION RUREAU Hoyd W. Ferry Lead Foreman Sheet Metal Worker C. H. Ocheltree Master, Towboat Donald R. Tribe Supervisor Chemist (Analytical) Rudesindo Espinosa Telephone Instrument Repairman Hubert M. Evans Helper Armature Winder Leonard A. Grant Boatman Jacinto Guerra R. Carpenter Alcides A. Lopez Laborer (Heavy) Casimiro Lozano Laborer (Heavy) Ralph McFarlane Boiler Tender R. R. F. Olascoagas Oiler (Floating Plant) Hezabiah Richards Paver Antonio Torres S. Leader Seaman HEALTH RUREAU Fronia Fender Staff Nurse (Obstetrics) Thomas C. Lear Funeral Director Anna R. Rheney Medical Radiology Technician (Diagnosis) Lucas Diaz Hospital Food Service Worker Marcos Palacios Maintenanceman MARINE BUREAU Ernest C. Stiebritz Lock Operator (Machinist) Wenceslao I. Arce Helper Electrician Bonilla uiite\(Maintejprn Lucio^igaeroa Linelianller fJef JohnJHaralott Kama lenmngfea deader Linen hand ''-' || f"Leader Calker (Wood) John Lincoln Linehandler (Deckhand) Antonio Martinez Linehandler (Deckhand) Nicolas Mendoza Helper Lock Operator Salvador Miranda Helper Lock Operator Nestor A. Molina C. Painter (Maintenance) Melanio Moreno Painter (Maintenance) Gerald A. Roberts Linehandler (Deckhand) Manuel Sanchez M. Boatman David Serrano Helper Machinist (Marine Stanley E. Smith Linehandler PERSONNEL RUREAU William J. Kilgallen Position Classification Specialist M. O O'Sullivan Personnel Clerical Assistant (General) SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE RUREAU Leon S. Willa Milk Products Plant Manager Pedro A. Alvarado Utility Worker James Harnett Laborer (Heavy) Alfonso Bayne Sales Section Head Alberto A. Camposano Utility Worker Francisco Canate Helper (General) Agustin Coronado Laborer (Cleaner) Alberto Gomez Utility Worker Efrain Lopez M. Laborer (Cleaner) Rogelio Lozano Garbage Collector Mary L. Meikle Packager Winifred B. Palacio Stock Control Clerk Pedro Perez Stockman Carlos A. Uriarte Gas Cylinder Checker and Serviceman Santana Vasquez Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS RUREAU Thomas F. Hunt Liquid Fuels Gager Tracy P. White Electrician Luis Armuelles Linehandler Victor S. Garcia D. Truck Driver Teodoro Menjivar Helper Automotive Mechanic (Body and Fender) The Panama Canal Review 13

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TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:

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Refitted, New Route THE MV DONIZETTI, whose maiden transit of the Panama Canal was marked by an exchange of gifts between Dr. Giuseppe Ali, Director General of the Italian Line, and Panamanian and Canal Zone officials, is the first of three Italian Line motorships to go into service after being refitted for the Mediterranean-Central America-South Pacific route. A sistership, the MV Verdi, sailed from Genoa July 9 and the MV Rossini is due to go into service on December 19. The three motorships replace the Navigator class of ships, the Marco Polo, the Amerigo Vespucci, and the Antoniotto Usodimare, which for 15 years contributed gready to maritime connections between Central and South America and Mediterranean Europe. The Donizetti and her sister-ships have considerably greater tonnage, more than 4,000 tons, than the ships previously in service; are more seaworthy; have increased speed— 17Y2 knots— which reduces the time of passage by about 3 days; and have air-conditioning in all rooms. The three ships have two classes; first with 170 berths in single, double and triple cabins, all with private bath or toilet and shower. The tourist class has a capacity of 446 berths, mostly in double or four berth cabins and a high percentage of these have private baths. The three ships also have excellent equipment for carrying cargo, mail, and passengers' automobiles. Luxury Tanker SPECIAL accommodations for children are a feature on the Jetta Dan, an oil tanker built in Denmark recently for J. Lauritzen of Copenhagen. The children's playroom built on top of the engine casing is for the use of the children of the ship's officers and crew who, according to company rules, may take their wives and children with them for a certain number of days every year. Family accommodations are provided on most of the Lauritzen ships which use the Panama Canal regularly. Usually there are three to four children aboard depending on the trade in which the ship is plying. The Jetta Dan is 695 feet long and has a beam of 91 feet. She has luxuriious accommodations for the crew, is completely air conditioned and probably is the first oil tanker to have children's accommodations. C. Fernie & Co., agents for the line at the Canal, say that the Jetta Dan is on an irregular chedule which may bring her through the Canal sometime CANAL TRANSITS COMMERCIAL AND U.S. GOVERNMENT

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SS Corinthic, his present command, no stranger to Canal waters. Masters First Transit In 1919; 91st One Near SHAW-SAVILL Commodore Capt. Arthur C. Jones, who has transited the Panama Canal 90 times in nearly half a century of sea duty, was expected to arrive at the Canal Saturday, August 3, homeward bound for the United Kingdom and retirement. Sixty-three of his Canal transits have been in the SS Corinthic, his present command, a vessel of 15,682 gross tons engaged in the United Kingdom-New Zealand trade via the Panama Canal. Captain Jones, son of a Church of England minister, was born in Somerset, England, in July 1898. His grandfather and great-grandfather were both in command in sail. The latter was lost with his ship off the China Coast. TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING VESSELS IN JUNE 1963 1961 Commercial 919 964 U.S. Government 30 13 Free 6 7 Total 955 984 TOLLS • Commercial $4,749,806 $4,979,769 U.S. Government 112,843 97,860 Total $4,862,649 $5,077,629 CARGO" Commercial. .. 5,462,322 5,684,416 U.S. Government 79,962 110,938 Free 35,613 35,170 Total 5,577,897 5,830,524 "Im-ludra tolla on all vniell. ocean-going and small Cargo figure* are in long ton. Captain Jones commenced his apprenticeship at sea with the Ellerman & Bucknall Line October 13, 1915, joining the SS Bechuana. He subsequently served in seven other vessels in this line over a period of 9 years. His first voyage through the Panama Canal was about the middle of 1919. He joined the Shaw-Savill Line in February 1925 and served in 16 of the company's ships, his first command being SS Samrich, former Liberty ship Wm. Pitt Preble, in November 1946. He joined his present vessel, SS Corinthic, in September 1951. Upon completion of this voyage, he says, he intends to spend his time attending to gardening and other hobbies. Transits, Cargoes Off TRANSITS and cargo tonnage during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1963, just past, show a drop of 64 in transits and cargo tonnage off nearly 1.3 million tons from the level for the same period of 1962. Complete statistics for the quarter appear on pages 14 and 15. In contrast, a year ago, figures for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1962 had shown increases in both transits and cargo tonnage. For the fourth quarter of 1963, among major nation customers, only Panamanian, Liberian, and British flag vessels showed substantial increases in number of transits, and while the Liberian flag cargo was up more than 200,000 tons and Panamanian flag ships' cargo tonnage up nearly 200,000 tons, the British vessels carried approximately 300,000 tons less cargo. Greek ships had 51 fewer transits and a cargo tonnage drop of about 300,000 tons. Transits by Norwegian flag vessels were off 28 and cargoes dropped by more than 400,000 tons. U.S. ships made 44 fewer transits and carried almost 200,000 tons less cargo. Figures for ships of 22 nations on the listing of Canal commercial traffic by nationality of vessels reveal that 14 had tonnage decreases, only eight tonnage increases; 13 had decreases in number of transits, and only 9 had increases in transits. The largest number of transits in the fourth quarter were made by U.S. flag ships, with British flag vessels second, and Norwegian, third. In cargo tonnage, however, the Norwegian vessels carried more than 2.6 million tons to top this list. The U.S. ships' total was a little above 2.4 million tons. I 100 N U 1000 M B

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 07150 0341