Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
23584335 ( ALEPH )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES



















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie135pana





ANAMA CANAL


7-
IN THIS ISSUE
Bats Can Be Menace
Canal's Future Shaped
Schooling For "Tomorrow'
An Historic Arch


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JOSEPH CONNOR, Acting Pres
FLEMING, JR., Governor-President RORA Publications Editors
LEBER, Lieutenant Governor ROBERT D. KERR and JuLo I
WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Publication Editorial Assistants
na Canal Information Officer Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD, TOB BITTEL, and
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z.
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at S cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C.Z.


Tradition .. .



THE BEAUTIFUL traditional nacimiento, or nativity
scene, on the cover of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW this
month, was photographed at the Campo Alegre home of
Miss Genita B. Icaza by Panama City photographer John
F. Flatau. This nacimiento is much-visited during the
holiday season, and a few years ago, when Panama had
a contest for nacimientos, was awarded first prize.
Most of the figures in the scene have come from Spain
and France and many are more than a half a century old,
handed down from mother to daughter in the family.
Miss Icaza's grandmother arranged the original naci-
miento, and each year new figures have been added. The
largest figures and the castle came to Panama from Bar-
celona. The little flying angels are from France. This
year Miss Icaza's friends have added, from their travels,
water from the River Jordan, stones from the Dead Sea,
and earth brought from Bethlehem.
The family nacimiento usually is ready by Christmas
Eve, and each day the figures of the Three Kings are
moved toward the stable in Bethlehem so as to arrive on
January 6, the Day of the Three Kings. Many of the
children in Latin America receive gifts then instead of
on Christmas Day.
The nacimiento formerly was set up in the patio of
the Icaza home, but due to uncertain weather conditions
at Christmas and New Years, the Nacimiento has been
arranged indoors in recent years.
Visitors from the Canal Zone and Panama are always
welcome to visit the nacimiento, lovingly set up each
year by Miss Genita Icaza at the home of her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Octavio A. de Icaza on Manuel Maria de
Icaza Avenue, which was named for her grandfather.
Tours of the nacimicntos in the Canal Zone and Pan-
ama usually are made each year by members of the
women's clubs.


... We Share


Our Culturej


The "faces" of the Canal Zone. And the "faces" of
Panama. What are they?
Worn with worry? Strained with anxiety? Smug, selfish,
disinterested, disdainful, or warm and friendly and
confident?
How the faces look to others depends somewhat on
the eye of the beholder. And at the, Christmas season,
beholders' views are modified by an image of One
whose face no accurate reproduction exists-only artists'
conceptions.
Thus are understandings born, mutual understandings,
partly through sharing of cultures. For a sketch of this
sharing on the Isthmus, see the tree-decorated story on
Page 5.


" and of
(Luke 1:33.)


His kingdom there shall be no end."


Index
Bats Can Be Menace__ ----------
Sharing of Cultures
Cut Widening, Housing, Electric Work Advance-----
Schooling for the Future_
Famed Flat Arch------------------------
Canal History, Retirements .
New Equipment for Railroad------
Anniversaries -----------------------------
Promotions and Transfers_----------
Safety-------------------------
Shipping______----


DECEMBER 7, 1932


ROBERT J.
W. P.

Panar


s Officer

. BRICENO

roMAs A. CUPAs




I


a
S


The



Mad



Bats


* S


NOT ALL BATS on the Isthmus are
infected with rabies.
But some are.
Far too many, in the opinion of Canal
Zone Health Bureau authorities, for
employees not to inform themselves
and their families about the potential
menace these creatures may carry.
"We've got to live with the threat of
this disease-rabies-just as we live with
polio and malaria and tuberculosis," a
Canal health official said recently.
The watchful aid of individuals is
needed.
Modem medicine may do much for
the person who comes down with para-
lytic polio, malaria, or tuberculosis. But
there is no hope for the patient who
develops rabies.
Hence the Health Bureau considers it
important that the alertness of two resi-
dents of Morgan Avenue, Balboa,
resulted recently in the collection of two
sick bats. The Environmental Health


Perhaps not rabid, certainly not friendly.


Dr. Nathan Gale, Public Health Veterinarian, with species of fruit-eating bat with 24-inch
wingspan. Two rabies-infected bats of this species recently were found near Morgan Avenue.



They Can Be A Menace


To Your Family, Pets


Branch, U.S. Army, recently turned in
two discovered at Fort Clayton. On
laboratory analysis, all of these bats
were found to have rabies.
This served to alert the Health
Bureau to a flare-up of infection in the
bat population. At this time, rabies in
the Canal Zone is confined to bats. But
other susceptible mammals, both do-
mestic and wild, could conceivably
become infected.
The danger from rabid bats is both
direct and secondary. They may bite
people. Or they may bite animals which
in turn bite humans.
Fortunately, bats very rarely bite
dogs or cats. But if one dog does become
infected, a dog-to-dog cycle can occur
with great rapidity, because dogs run
about over a wide area.
Canal Zone regulations require anti-
rabies inoculation for all dogs every 3
years. Many Canal employees provide
the same immunization for pet cats,
which need new shots every year.
Another protection is the 4-month
quarantine for imported dogs and
cats. This is enforced to prevent the
introduction of infected animals from
countries in which rabies is common.
Fresh instructions, summarized on
page 4, were recently explained to
safety personnel whose help might be


sought by a person who sees a bat acting
as if it may be sick. Or one who fears a
bat may have bitten him.
On the Isthmus, rabies was first
reported in 1907, but by 1910 it had
apparently disappeared. As time went
on, one man died at Gorgas Hospital
in 1933 after a dog-bite in Peru, and
another in 1943 after having been
bitten in Nicaragua. But there was no
known instance of rabies of local origin
until 1957.
Then two laboratory-confirmed cases
of rabies in cattle occurred on the
Isthmus. Others were reported through
1961.
Meanwhile, a bat seen behaving
abnormally on the Canal Zone was
found by the laboratory of Panama's
Departamento de Salud Animal as
having been rabid. A year-long survey
was started in July 1960 by the Canal's
Division of Veterinary Medicine.
The Veterinary Division of the
Health Bureau caught or collected 4,571
bats of 35 species from 61 locations
on or near the Canal Zone.
Of the specimens analyzed, 43 were
positive. Two of these were fruit-bats
found flapping and struggling in a
densely populated area. Others were
bats which had established colonies in
(See p. 4)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


































At Chilibre Cave east of the Canal Zone
an automatic trapping device originated in
the famous Carlsbad Caves of New Mexico
was adapted for Isthmian use. It consists
of a grid of piano wires strung tightly
above an automatic hopper. The detection
apparatus of many bats flying out of the
cave does not pick up the wires rapidly
enough to prevent a collision. Once a bat
hits a wire he slides down into the hopper.


Samuel Hart of the Veterinary Division
removing a bat from a hand net in one of
the tunnels under the Madden Road.


Wingspread dwarfs ruler.


(Continued from p. 3)
attics. Some were netted under eaves
or hanging from the under sides of palm
leaves. At Fort Clayton, a man collected
one from his living room floor. Two
were caught in the radio station at Fort
Clayton, and a third found hanging on
a window screen at the PX.
Other incidents underlined the bat
menace.
In Fort Kobbe pool, a rabid bat bit
a child. Four months later, at dusk, a
woman bather was bitten. Both were
treated with anti-rabies vaccine, and
neither suffered ill effects.
For practical purposes, bats may be
divided into two types: (1) The free-
living or solitary kind, which roost singly
or in small groups under trees, palms,
or eaves, and (2) The gregarious or
"colonial" kind, which are found in
attics, sometimes in groups of several
hundred. Since many of these nocturnal


creatures can squeeze through a crack
of three-eighths of an inch, such as a
space between roof tiles, access is not
difficult.
Their presence is made known by
an objectionable odor, by hearing them
as they crawl across the attic floor, and
by debris that may drift through ceiling
cracks from time to time.
Ridding an entire area of all bats
would be impossible, health men say,
and perhaps not desirable. For one
thing, bats help control insects.
As with other potential health
hazards, here and elsewhere, the best
protection against rabies-bat-borne or
otherwise-is a watchful understanding
by the general public.
Republic of Panama and Canal Zone
health authorities are constantly ex-
changing information about rabies and
its spread by bats.


DECEMBER 7, 1962


TO AVOID RABIES

Caution children not to play with bats, or permit their pets to do so.
Instruct both children and domestic employees to be on the lookout
for any bats to be seen on the ground, either dead or alive, and to report
the presence of these animals to you.
If you find a dead or sick bat, do not touch it. Using a brush, broom,
or other instrument, put bat in a firm box or glass jar and deliver it to
the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Corozal, or the Northern
District Sanitation Office, Bolivar Road, Cristobal. If you cannot deliver
the specimen promptly, refrigerate it until you are able to make delivery.
If you have any reason to think you or a member of your family has
been bitten by a bat-or had any personal contact-take the individual
to the admitting office at Gorgas or Coco Solo Hospital and report
the circumstances.
Keep the inoculation of your animals up to date.


('" Al .






Procedures


In Adverse


Action Appeals


A PANEL of hearing examiners has
been established by Governor Fleming
for hearings on Adverse Personal
Actions.
The hearing examiners are Sylvester
D. Callender, C.W. Chase, Jr., Norman
B. Davison, Rubelio D. Quintero, Harry
D. Raymond, Paul Robbins, Bruce G.
Sanders, Jr., and J. Bartley Smith.
Adverse Personnel Actions procedure
is detailed in Executive Regulation
No. 70, effective July 1, 1962.
Actions which may be appealed are:
Discharges, suspensions for more than
30 days, furloughs without pay, and
disciplinary demotions.
Here, in brief, are the procedural
steps:
The employee generally will be given
at least 30 days' written notice of the
proposed action and reasons for it.
The employee has the right to answer,
within 10 days. An extension may be
requested to afford ample opportunity
for preparation of the answer.
A hearing is scheduled if the em-
ployee desires one and makes written
request.
The hearing is to give the employee
a chance for an impartial, objective
review of his case by persons detached
from the events that led to the proposed
adverse action, and gives the employee
a chance to be heard and present
evidence.
The hearing is before a single hearing
examiner chosen by the employee, from
the panel, for each case.
The hearing examiner's findings and
recommendations are used by the offi-
cial acting on the appeal in making his
decision.
This decision may sustain the earlier
decision, modify it, or reverse it.
Notification to the employee of the
appeal decision also must advise the
employee of his appeal rights, if any,
to the Civil Service Commission.
Personal copies of Executive Regula-
tion No. 70, "Procedure Governing
Adverse Personnel Action," are to go
out sometime after the first of the year.


AT CHRISTMAS TIME



We Share Our Cultures




AT NO SEASON does the cosmopolitan tions. Filled stockings hang just as well
heritage of the Crossroads of the Amer- on a bed frame or door.
icas stand forth more convincingly than The spirit of Christmas seems to be
at Christmas, when almost every Isth- launched in the cities of Panama on the
mian home invites the blessings of the evening of December 7-the night
season with both a Panamanian naci- before the religious feast of the Imma-
miento and a temperate-latitude Christ- culate Conception. Special household
mas tree-often a balsam or spruce shrines of the Virgin are arranged on
from the northern part of the United balconies and in windows. Images con-
States or Canada. sisting of either paintings or statuary are
With a fine disregard for purist' displayed in a frame of flowers set
the peoples of the Isthmus have or o 'vith brilliant and illuminated by
generations been enthusiastic e or special lights. The day fol-
gaged in trading customs and fol ys lo ing is marked in Panama as Mothers'
each December along with a elices Day d is a national holiday.
Pascuas" and a "Merry Chri as." Chris as trees are dressed, stockings
Traditionally in P ma, D cem- hung, and acimientos first lighted on
ber 25 is the feast da Dios. Chris as Ev which for many resi-
And it is not Santa Claus b te Christ dents oX dictions is the occa-
Child who visits homes good children sion of a midnight church service. In
as they lie asleep ving toys or other Panama, after this Misa de Gallo, or
gifts at the side. This custom is cock's mass, a f is served for the
unaffected ears o association, adults. It may be a lig er or a full
just as the filling of Chris as stockings meal, but va s in amales and
by Santa Claus still ho s for the young often contain s until dawn.
children of North erican or European An observan practiced only in Pan-
parentage. ama coincides wit Dia de los Ino-
But the ding and dressing of the centers (the day on whi ing Herod
naci o to represent t merely the decreed the slaying of male i nts).
Holy a er, but often Oddly perhL d, thi tries
the town and towns of Bethlehem December 28 s come to be the annual
and its surrounding villages, is a custom day for playing ranks and tricks. It
adopted read y gringos and other corresponds to Apri ools' Day in many
newcom any families form a per- lands, and here serves t und the note
mane collection o blical person- for the noisy midnight welco he
ages, angels, an arm animals that are New Year 3 days later.
treasured from yea o year. The Day of t welfth
Nor does a namanian child see Night-is not o looked. Children
anything str e in going to market to receive fruits, nuts, little gifts. In
help se a spicy smelling ever n s nacimientos, the res of the
tre nd then decking it out arti Ings o East are placed n the
cial f1 lalls, tinse o tskirts of the sc istmas
and lights. E ch day the householder moves them
Santa Claus himself is thought of by a little closer to the manger until on
the smaller fry in his usual guise of January 6 they arrive before the Christ
a jolly red-clad St. Nick with a white Child.
beard. But they expect him to step out After Twelfth Night, most nacimien-
of an airplane or a helicopter-as he tos and Christmas trees are dismantled.
often does at military posts or in the But by then the dried out balsam or
Interior-rather than to make his flight spruce has almost surely been promised
by sleigh across the jungle treetops. Nor to some neighborhood child for one
is much said at these Crossroads about final rite-the community burning.
chimneys and fireplaces, except in the THE REVIEW could not learn how
few homes where an artificial red brick these January bonfires started in Pan-
mantel is part of the holiday decora- (See p. 12)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW











OF~
.L.

ii d


IVs


Year Of Progress Shapes Canal's Future


CONTINUED modernization and im-
provement of the Panama Canal to
better serve world shipping resulted in
capital expenditures for the 1962 fiscal
year exceeding $16 million for the
second straight year. Total capital
expenditures since reorganization on


July 1, 1951, amount to $108.1 million.
The 1962 capital expenditures of
approximately $16.1 million were about
$700,000 under the peak expenditures
figure established the previous year.
Largest single item of capital expend-
itures for fiscal 1962 was $5.9 million


Locks wall, bank lighting extension continued.


toward widening of Empire Reach
within Gaillard Cut. A total of $22.8
million has been spent for channel im-
provement during the past few years.
This improvement is expected to cost
an additional $21 million before com-
pletion, which is scheduled for 1966-67.
More than 4.5 million cubic yards of
earth and rock were removed in fiscal
1962 canal widening work, 2,722,369
by contract and 1,788,000 on Dredging
Division projects. Maintenance dredg-
ing during the year accounted for an
additional 3,063,700 cubic yards. This
work was in Gaillard Cut, Atlantic and
Pacific entrances, Balboa harbor, Gatun
Lake, Miraflores Lake, south of Mira-
flores locks, and at Docks 14 and 15.
Cut-widening projects from 1929
through 1962 have accounted for
removal of 32,291,318 cubic yards of
earth and rock and there are approxi-
mately another 14.5 million cubic yards
to be excavated on widening projects
planned from now through 1967.
Dredging from 1915 through fiscal
1962 was 377,405,432 cubic yards,
with total dredging from the start of
Canal construction through fiscal '62
at 663,691,560 yards. Useful French
excavation 'is listed at 29,908,000 and
U.S. dredging 1904 through 1915 at
256,378,128.
Other major expenditures in 1962


DECEMBER 7, 1962





included $2.3 million on the housing
replacement program, $1.3 million for
an additional electric generating plant,
more than $600,000 on the central air
conditioning plant for the Pacific ter-
minal area, and more than $500,000 for
locks towing locomotives and cranes.
The quarters replacement program
capital investment was on the Pedro
Miguel, Corozal, and Los Rios projects.
The electric generating plant project at f
will increase the Zone's power output N
capacity 39 percent. Work is in progress -
at the Miraflores diesel station, where
old diesels are being removed to be
replaced by two 11,000 kw. gas tur-
hines. The new generating plant is
expected to be in operation in February.
For comparison, the new Miraflores
facility will have a total of 22.000 kw.
output capacity. The Madden Dam
power installation is rated at 24,000 kw.
and Catun at 18,000 kw. There are a
(See p. 12) One of three new 1,200 horsepower locomotives.



New Pedro Miguel housing development.


Miraflores electrical plant work. Base for
new turbine in foreground.


'I
Prsdiq
rLrl


ALL


TuE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW,







A'ion M Parchmer.l ii pnncipal of Ilht PFrio Elemen-
tan schooll All hi. leacf.m- career. ,ine 1929. -,.. heen
,ith the Canal Zor.e chll, iHe a. gradualed Far. to
hi, cla" al Xairl LIralerirs in New' Oileani m 19i39.
.ill. the degree of bachelor ol u ienct in rcondan edu-
carton in I .e feld of phicac cd.ducation. Ht ii a 'on of
lotr. Farc.rrienl, ore ofl he pionitte, ir. L.e Canal Z-r.c
school ,s em. and flotiei teacher nrd principal of the
Ganbhoa school




Mrs. Ethlin i Faucett. sho Las bern sil. the Canal
Zne .chi.l .1ctin .lie 1944. hu charge il onenlli..i
ol neu leacl.ti, al the Pedrio MNiutl Eler.tnifan School
She a. cradu.ltd hion. the Normal Se.hf.)l al La B.. and has beeo a teacher in the schools at Gatun, Red
Tank, La Boca, and Paraiso. Mrs. Fawcett is the
senior member of the Pedro Miguel Elementary School
teaching staff.




Grafton Conliffe is principal of the Santa Cruz Elemen-
tary School. He was graduated from the Canal Zone
Junior College, La Boca Extension in 1952 and has been
teaching for 10 years. He taught schools in Red Tank,
Gatun, and La Boca before being transferred to Santa
S Cruz in 1957. He obtained a bachelor of science degree,
with specialization in education, at the University of
Nebraska in 1961 and has summer school credits from
the University of Panama. He plans to go to the United
States next year to obtain a master's degree in education.



A newcomer on the teaching staff at the Paraiso Elemen-
tary School is Miss Alicia SAenz, who is from Pocri,
Aguadulce, and a graduate of the Juan Dem6stenes
Arosemeoa Normal School in Santiago, Veraguas. She
started teaching the first grade of this Canal Zone Latin
American school in May 1962 alter having taught in -
Santiago, Pocri, and Panama. She was graduated from
the University of Panama in 1960 as professor of
pedagogy and is delighted with her new work in Paraiso.


Miss Myrtle Mulcare, teacher in the Santa Cruz Elemen-
tary school, has been teaching 27 years in the Canal Zone
school system. She was graduated in Jamaica in 1926
and studied in education courses at the University of
Panama, later obtaining a bachelor of science degree,
with specialization in education, from the University of
Nebraska. From 1950 to 1952 she was a member of the
Panama National Conservatory Orchestra, playing violin.
Before coming to Santa Cruz, she taught schools in
Gatun and La Boca. She plans to go to Nebraska next
I l I year to obtain a master's degree in education.


Alfredo Cragwell, principal of the Rainhow City Junior-
Senior High School, is a graduate of the National Institute
of Panama City in the class of 1932. He received a degree
in economic science, with specialization in commerce, at
the University of Panama in 1953. He was supervisor in
the Panama Tourist Department in 1946. From 1948 to
1952 he was first alternate Assemblyman and from 1952
to 1956 Assemblyman in the Panama National Assembly.
He was a music teacher in Gatun and then studied
Administration and Direction of Schools at New York
University. His lather, Clarence Cragwell, was a teacher
for 45 years in the Canal Zone schools.


'1


(I


Is



41U


ml. -


A net game. a cnrrmbmnar.,'l t.tball and loolbalL ii
berin played bs a grjoui.rt .-hool plasground. In
ti, garment Ihe pilcher to i ball. the "batter" klick
il in loolhall and tIhr, a a le rnm IU h t. eball




LATIN AMERICAN SCHOOLS:




GEARED TO CHILDREN'S FUTURE


CANAL ZONE Latin American schools
stress an educational orientation to the
students' native country of Panama, in a
program designed to prepare the Pan-
amanian students in the Canal Zone
for their eventual assumption of the
obligations of Panamanian citizenship.
Since 1956, when a committee of
prominent Panamanian educators eval-
uated the educational system in the
Canal Zone Latin American schools, the
programs in these schools have coin-
cided with those of Panama, with the
objective that a student in any Canal
Zone Latin American school may enter
any Panamanian school in the same
grade and academic level. Instruc-
tion is entirely in Spanish, with the
English language only a subject in the
curriculum.
Teachers and Panamanian professors,
with university degrees obtained at the


University of Panama and at universities
in other countries, principally in the
United States, teach in the Canal Zone
Latin American schools and are selected
according to their teaching credits.
The Ministry of Education of Pan-
ama collaborates with the Canal Zone
Division of Schools in establishing the
scholastic program in the schools.
Enrollment in the Canal Zone Latin
American schools is 3,886, divided as
b follows: Rainbow City, 1,716; Paraiso,
1,464; Santa Cruz, 617; and Pedro
Miguel, 89.
The teaching staff in the Canal Zone
Latin American schools totals 154. Of
this number, 67 teach in the Rainbow
City schools; 59 in Paraiso; 22 in Santa
Cruz, and 6 at Pedro Miguel. The six
school principals also are Panamanians.
One is assigned to each of the primary
(See p. 10)


B


Miss Violet Bingham first grade teacher in the Rainbow
City Elementary School for 36 continuous years, will
retire from teaching at the close of the present school
year. She is a graduate teacher of Jamaica and began her
teaching career on the Isthmus in 1921 at San Jos6
School in Colon. In 1926 she joined the teaching staff at
Rainbow City and has taught there ever since.


L1)


L a.


Miss Ana Bennett is the acting principal at the Pedro
Miguel Elementary School. She was graduated from the
La Boca Normal School, the University of Panama, and
the University of Michigan, where she received a master's
degree in English literature. She has taught school in
La Boca, the Panama Professional School, the Junior
College at Bocas del Toro, Chitre High School, La
Chorrera Junior College, Rainbow City, and Paraiso.


DECEMBER 7, 1962 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9


Carlos A. Vaz, Jr., of Colon is acting prnnipal at PFariso
High School. He was graduated from hbel Braoo Hich
School in Colon in 1950; from the Unisenirni of Par.aina
in 1955; and from the University of center. Colo. ir.
1960 with a master's degree in sec..ndari t-dicatlon
In 1960 he began teaching in the Canal Zo.i.e 'l _par..h i
instructor in the Latin American School, on the PaCifc
side of the Isthmus. He was a member of It.e Paral o
School staff and then acting principal al Rambho CI.1
High School. Prior to teaching in the Canal Zor.. he u.
a professor at Justo Arosemena Ir..tiule in Panjmra
City from 1956 to 1938.

Mrs. Thelma Coid.ha de Qinlero. uho conte. from
Los Santos, leache, cl-eml.ln ard ph>~ic, al PIaral.o llih
School. She was graduated in 1951 with a bachelor of
science degree from the Panama National University and
in 1957 was graduated from Panama University as a
professor of biology and chemistry. She taught in the
Professional School, the Liceo de Sefioritas, and at Juan
Dem6stenes Arosemena Normal School before joining
the Canal Zone teaching staff. Since 1959 she has been
teaching in Paraiso. This year she participated as an
invited guest in a teachers program at Orchard Park,
*Buffalo, N.Y.



Mrs. Soledad de Epifanio has been teaching Spanish at
Rainbow City High School for only 4 months. She was
graduated from Juan Dem6stenes Arosemena Normal
School, Santiago, Veraguas, obtained a degree in Spanish
at the University of Panama, and her doctor's degree in
romantic languages at the University of Madrid, Spain.
She has taught at Las Tablas, at the Maria Inmaculada
International School, at the Panama National Institute,
and in Chilibre, Bocas del Toro, and La Chorrera.




William Wilkie is principal of the Rainbow City Elemen-
tary School. He was graduated in 1929 from the Kings-
ton, Jamaica, High School and began teaching at Rainbow
City the same year. In 1946 he was promoted to principal
of the school. He is retiring at the close of the present
school year.





























Famed flat arch in ruins of Church of Santo Domingo


Front of ruins of church, showing portion
of flat arch through doorway.

Schools For Children's Future
(Continued from p. 9)
schools at Rainbow City, Paraiso, Pedro
Miguel, and Santa Cruz and the sec-
ondary schools at Rainbow City and
Paraiso.
The schools at Paraiso, Rainbow City,
and Santa Cruz each have a library,
where the students do their research.
The teaching staff stresses participa-
tion by pupils in Panamanian cultural
affairs, such as Book Week, which has
been observed with considerable enthu-
siasm in the Latin American student
body in the Zone.
For the recreation programs, there
are gymnasiums in Rainbow City, Santa
Cruz, and Paraiso; a stadium at Mount
Hope, with lighting facilities for night
games; playgrounds at the three school
centers; swimming pools at Rainbow
City and Paraiso, and two tennis courts,
one at Santa Cruz and the other at
Paraiso.
The sports program, similar to that
in the Panama schools, stresses the for-
mative-gymnastic and recreation-sports
aspects of sports.
The students practice volleyball,
basketball, football, baseball, softball,
all types of athletics, swimming, tennis,
and weight-lifting.
There's also a folklore program, with
typical Panamanian dances taught the
pupils and each school has its own
folklore group under the direction of
physical education teachers.


IN RUINS OF CHURCH




Arch Spans Centuries


THE FACT THAT the flat arch in the
ruins of the Church of Santo Domingo
has stood for 3 centuries without sup-
port is said to have had a part in the
decision to build the interocean canal
in Panama.
Continued sturdiness of the arch
reportedly led engineers to believe
Panama to be less subject to earthquakes
than Nicaragua, which had been sub-
jected to periodic seismic tremors.
Legend says that the Catholic friar in
charge of construction of the arch stood
under it when it went up for the third
time. It had collapsed on two previous
occasions. The third time it stayed up,
the legend says, asserting that his faith
had held the "impossible arch" up. But
not before it had sagged slightly, which
made it a "flat" arch. It had been
designed as a regular keystone arch.
Santo Domingo, originally the most
splendid religious temple in the rebuilt
city, was destroyed by fire in 1761. The
ruins are on Third Street at Avenue A.


The City of Panama was founded
August 15, 1519. It was sacked by
Morgan and his pirates January 28,
1671, and rebuilt, the ceremony mark-
ing its rebuilding being held January 21,
1673. The city abounds in relics of
colonial days.
On Cathedral Plaza at the beginning
of Central Avenue is the new Cathedral.
Construction began in 1688 and it was
finished in 1796. Its bells were brought
over from the ruined Cathedral of Old
Panama. It is said that when the Spanish
queen visited Badajoz, Spain, upon
being told that they were casting the
bells for use in the capital of the King-
dom of Tierra Firme (Panama), "threw
her Royal finery of purest castilian gold
into the melting pot, there to mix with
the bronze."
In San Jose Church at Eighth Street
and Avenue A is the renowned Golden
Altar, saved from the greed of Morgan's
pirates and transferred to its present
site unharmed.

10 DECEMBER 7, 1962







CANAL HISTORY


50 Year- d4go
GATUN LAKE'S commercial value
already has been established, although
surface level still is 31 feet below its
final height. A man from Catun has
fitted out a large launch for sightseeing
parties; the lighthouse service uses the
lake in construction work; launches and
canoes, some rigged with sails, already
are making venturesome trips.
Natives from far back in the bush
are bringing their products to market
in cayucos that, instead of following
the old river courses, are gliding over
fields that were cultivated only a few
months ago.
Strangers to the Canal work do not
understand why the trees have not been
cut in the area (164 square miles)
which the lake covers. To clear this
would require an expenditure of about
$2 million. The ship channel and the
great anchorage basin at Catun have
been cleared.
Erecting of Lock gates is progressing,
with work under way on all but 4 of
the 40 leaves at Pedro Miguel and on
12 of those at Miraflores. There are
92 leaves to the 46 gates on all of the
Canal Locks, and work is advancing on
70 of these. Reaming of rivet holes for
5,750,000 rivets, and driving the rivets,
will be required before the work is
completed.

25 Year c4ago
WITH 1,581,400 PASSENGERS and
316,107 vehicles carried, the Thatcher
Ferry broke all previous records during
the past fiscal year.
Two men were under arrest for
cutting down more than 3,000 feet of
telegraph wires, weighing about 250
pounds, for sale as scrap. Part of the
copper wire had been melted into
ingots. Telegraph service into the
Interior was disrupted.
A norther moved in from the Carib-
bean bringing 6% inches of rain within
24 hours and 36 mile gales. The down-
pour sent the Chagres River on a
rampage, pushing Catun Lake level to
85.8 feet. Ten of the 14 spillway gates
were opened as waters rose. Six south-
bound ships were unable to transit and
19 ships were at piers with more to
come.


10 jearJ 4go
WORK IS RAPIDLY nearing comple-
tion on construction of 56 family quar-
ters in Ancon which comprise the largest
single construction project of the year.
The Housing Division announced that
assignments to the 16 houses slated
for early completion were made from
approximately 250 applications.
The last load of coal to be sold at
the Cristobal Coaling Plant was loaded
to stoke the boilers of the SS Arraiz,
which is en route from Chile to San-
tander, Spain, with a load of nitrate and
copper. It was planned 2 years ago that
the coaling plant would be closed at
the end of 1951, but sale of bunker coal
to ships has been so sporadic that it has
required almost an extra year to sell
the stock remaining.
Individual dial telephones will be
used at the Motor Transportation Divi-
sion garage in Ancon instead of switch-
hoard telephones, beginning next week.


RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of October to the
employees listed below, with their posi-
tions at time of retirement and years of
Canal service:
Juan Aguilar, Stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion; 12 years, 8 months.
Juvenal Arias C., Stevedore, Terminals
Division; 16 years, 11 months, 25 days.
Francis J. Aurelien, Storekeeping Clerk,
Coco Solo Hospital; 37 years, 5 months,
16 days.
Clarence Belgrave, Supervisory Cargo
Checker, Terminals Division; 46 years,
21 days.
Walpert J. Bernard, Storekeeping Clerk,
Supply Division; 46 years, 4 months,
21 days.
David Burkett, Oiler, Electrical Division;
38 years, 10 months, 11 days.
Rixford U. Chase, General Medical Tech-
nician, Gamboa Medical Clinic; 38 years,
2 days.
Elden W. Coffey, Leader Lock Operator,
Locks Division; 21 years, 2 months,
5 days.
Edgar F. Drayton, Labor Leader, Supply
Division: 45 years, 1 month, 18 days.
Adolfo Esquivel, Oiler, Navigation Divi-
sion: 25 years, 4 months, 15 days.
Harold M. Fraser, Central Office Repair-
man, Electrical Division; 37 years, 7
months, 15 days.


One year cgo
THE FIRST THREE of the Panama
Canal's new streamlined towing loco-
motives have been loaded aboard the
American Export Line freighter Pioneer
Myth in Yokohama for delivery to the
Canal Zone in January. The 55-ton
mules were loaded with the ship's own
boom and will be unloaded at Catun
by the same method.
Francis Cardinal Spellman, military
vicar for the Catholic personnel of the
Armed Forces of the United States
and Archbishop of New York, visited
military patients at Corgas Hospital
during a 2-day stay on the Isthmus.
Bids were opened on construction of
a central chilled water air-conditioning
system in the Pacific Terminal area.
This is the first major step in a long
range plan to provide air conditioning to
the Canal's public buildings by means
of a single-pipe loop system through
which water will be pumped from a
central plant.


Sotero Fuentes G., Boatman, Locks Divi-
sion; 18 years, 1 month, 8 days.
Malcolm I. Gatheral, Chief Engineer, SS
Cristobal; 20 years, 5 months, 28 days.
Harold T. Gordon, Stevedore, Terminals
Division; 25 years, 9 months, 12 days.
Mrs. Helen F. Heim, Cargo Claims Clerk,
Terminals Division; 32 years, 11 months,
20 days.
Oscar Johnson, General Foreman Lock
Operator, Locks Division; 21 years, 10
months, 26 days.
Fitz N. Jordan, Maintenancemen, Main-
tenance Division; 44 years, 7 months,
26 days.
Eugene F. Kleasner, General Foreman,
Lock Operations, Locks Division; 26
years, 3 months, 4 days.
Mrs. Julia Loupadiere, Nursing Assistant,
Gorgas Hospital; 18 years, 8 months,
7 days.
Samuel A. Muir, Laborer Cleaner, Printing
Plant; 37 years, 2 months, 9 days.
Jose A. Pimentel, Oiler, Navigation Divi-
sion; 35 years, 8 months, 23 days.
Wallace E. Rushing, Lock Operator Elec-
trician, Locks Division; 18 years, 11
months, 1 day.
Alberto C. Smith, Utility Worker, Supply
Division; 25 years, 1 month, 9 days.
Miss Helen M. Starr, Elementary School
Principal, Schools Division; 28 years,
1 month, 11 days.
Edward C. Wilson, Carpenter, Main-
tenance Division; 35 years, 2 months,
1 day.


TInE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


RETIREMENTS






















Sleek new refrigerator car dwarfs earlier style.
Sleek new refrigerator car dwarfs earlier style.


New Rolling Refrigerato


Capacity, "Endurance" I


THE PANAMA RAILROAD has some
new rolling stock that's "real cool"-two
refrigerator cars, or "reefers," as they're
known to railroaders.
The cars' capacity of 3,305 cubic feet
is almost three times that of the cars
already in use and they have four times
as much diesel fuel capacity (400
gallons) for the mechanical refrigeration
units. That means they can operate
safely up to 160 hours on a single fueling
and there'll be less "down time" for
servicing and maintenance.
They're steel construction, higher and
longer than the older cars and have
aluminum inner doors and aluminum
floor gratings. Their capacity is listed at


Cultures Shared
(Continued from p. 5)
ama, but the practice seems to have
come directly from the northern coun-
tries of Europe. It is known in the
United States only in recent years.
Legend has it that the origin dates back
to the pre-Christian era when, during
the dark afternoons following the winter
solstice, the ancient Huns lighted bon-
fires as a hopeful portent of spring.
Whatever their origin, Isthmians like
the burnings, where youngsters dart
about and parents keep a watchful eye.
Food is often served, something like
wieners or snacks-but never the fruit-
cake and eggnog of the holidays to
which the bonfire puts an honest-to-
goodness end.


136,000 pounds and the
limit is 137,700 pounds.
The aluminum inner
placed flat against the wa
make as many as three s
apartments which can b
unloaded separately with
temperature level in otl
ments. Platform level out
mean easier loading.
The cars are equipped
roller bearing trucks, whi
possible less frequent in
will eliminate "hot boxe
were manufactured by I
Foundry Co., Renton, W


Huge Stone

Discovered in

AMONG IMPORTANT
archeological objects of P
found in the National M
Cuba) beside numerous g(
and colorful ceramics, ar
carved figures discovered
of Barriles, Chiriqui Prov
as many household utensil
which date from pre-Colo
Maya, Chibcha, and Ca
cultures left their imprint,
waves, upon the Isthmus
these indigenous groups'
being dug from "huaca
grounds throughout the
Code, Chiriqui, and Vera


- ..
z-- .


b


Movable doors can compartmentalize interior.


SYear Of Progress
Irs (Continued from p. 7)

number of 2,000 kw. generating diesel
units.
SAs improvements to the waterway
continued, Marine Bureau officials were
ir rated load able to report that during the past year
it was possible to cut the average time
doors can be a transiting ship spends in Canal Zone
Ils or used to waters by a full hour. It is now 15.5
separate cor- hours versus 16.5 the previous year.
e loaded or This represents a possible saving of
lout affecting $50 to $100 an hour in vessel operating
her compart- costs.
:er doors also Panama Canal capital outlay for
transit operations projects included, as
with Timken major items, more than $200,000 each
ch will make on the marine traffic control system, new
section and launches and launch engine replace-
s." The cars ment, and more than $300,000 for locks
car track conversion and other track work
acs ar in connection with the new towing
ash locomotives.
In addition to the major Empire
Reach channel project, smaller capital
Figures outlays were also listed for Paraiso and
Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo widening
pC work and extensions of locks wall light-
CayeS ing. Replacement of Dock 14 at Cris-
tobal was the main item in maritime
historical and services projects and construction of a
'anama to be community center at Rainbow City
useum (Ave. accounted for more than $200,000
)ld ornaments capital outlay.
e huge stone Replacement of Panama Railroad
in the caves rolling stock and replacement of the
ince, as well trans-lsthmian telephone cable from
s and artifacts Gatun to Gamboa made up nearly
mbian days. $400,000 of the capital expenditures for
rib aboriginal transportation and utilities services
in successive projects.
. Samples of Also spent in 1962 was $10,806,000
skills still are toward the $20 million cost of the
s" or burial Thatcher Ferry Bridge. This expendi-
Provinces of ture was from funds appropriated by
guas. the U.S. Congress for the bridge project.


12 DECEMBER 7, 1962


JI
4




J:C


-ITn L.lI


.TIp"I &(. .1


~E~L;~
r
~-
1
C





ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Marie T. Lindh
Clerical Assistant
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Charles S. Smith
Police Lieutenant
Walter H. Alves, Jr.
Police Sergeant
Lewis W. Barker
Police Sergeant
Charles C. Fears
Police Sergeant
Elmer W. Bierbaum
Police Private
Richard K. Soyster
Police Private
Darwin E. Crier
Finance Branch
Superintendent
Rochelle H. Head
Stenographer
Robert A. Wainio
Customs Inspector
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Roger E. Hamor
Water System Controlman
Augustus Gayle
Distribution Systems
Maintenanceman
Julian Julio
Crane Hookman
Andrew D. Desousa
Toolroom Attendant
Joaquin P. Cossani
Navigational Aid Worker
Aureliano Bejarano
Heavy Laborer
HEALTH BUREAU
Domingo Quiiones
Heavy-Pest Control Laborer
Ram6n G. Madrigal
Hospital Laborer
Roy R. Clarke
Clerk
S. Carballo
Heavy-Pest Control Laborer
Aubrey Batson
Hospital Laborer
Hector Henningham
Heavy-Pest Control Laborer

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


MARINE BUREAU
Arthur J. O'Donnell
Lead Foreman Locks
Control House
Beresford F. Baxter
Marine Traffic Clerk
Eliseo Lemos
Seaman
Garfield A. Yarde
Deckhand
William T. O'Connor
General Foreman Docking
and Undocking
Reynold Yearwood
Helper Lock Operator
Maximino Herrera
Boatman
Wilmut A. Clare
Deckhand
lisario Ramos






'ckhand
\ Priest Jr
d easu r
Sa os a.
e hand
arne A. Buter

T. Gitte
im keeper

Painter, Maintenance
Carlos E. Ortega
Seaman
Urelmo Martinez
Deckhand
Antonio E. Cardoze
Linehandler
Marcial A. Bircenas
Floating Plant Oiler
Clarence A. Butcher
Deckhand
Charles W. Hammond
Lead Foreman Painter
Leslie R. Loga
Towboat or Ferry Master
John Van Der Heyden
Shipwright
Odilio F. Gordon
Line Handler


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Ram6n Flores
Leader Laborer Cleaner
Alonso L6pez
Sales Clerk
Clotilde GonzAlez
Meat Packager
Gladys V. Ramage
Sales Clerk
Adina Fargurson
Cook
Nettie C. Howell
Pantryman
Franklin M. Reece
Meat Cutter
Cristina P. Samuels
Sales Section Head
Ricaurte Arosemena
Heavy Laborer
Mfiximo Guti6rrez
Warehouseman
Helen Cecily Cabey
Sales Clerk
Alexandrina John
Laborer Cleaner
Sim6n Cortes
Warehouseman
Eduvigis Rangel
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Fermin Maroto
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Edgar A. Hodgson
Leader Heavy Laborer
Gilberto Carranza
Truck Driver
Aubrey Judge
Leader Heavy Laborer
James J. Belcourt
Lead Foreman, Railroad
Yards
F. R. Hollowell
Automotive Machinist
Bernardo C. Polanco
Automotive Equipment
Serviceman
Edward Alien
Truck Driver
Evielyn E. Collins
Water Service Man


ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)




ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH MARINE BUREAU
Aubrey L. Reid Cecil O. Brooks
Hand C___t-- an
ENGI G D liffor odney
CONSTRUCT REAU an
Roland E. Willi F CE OF
Distribution Syste s THE O PTROLLER
Maintenanceman Mahlon D D is
Joseph C. Noble Acco n
Joseph C. air I D COMMUNITY
Maintenan ICE BUREAU
Naphtali W. McLean Gamuel E. Brathwaite
Paver Maintenanceman







PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

October 5 through November 5


EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between October 5 and November 5 are
listed here. Within-grade promotions
and job reclassifications are not listed:
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Edna A. Kovel, Clerk-Typist, to Printing
Clerk (Typing).
Ernesto A. Harrison, Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Messenger.
Cirilo Alexander, Duplicating Unit Super-
visor, Printing Plant, Balboa, to Bindery
and Finish Worker, Printing Plant,
Mount Hope.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Daniel L. Jenkins, Recreation Assistant
(Sports), Division of Schools, to Police
Private, Police Division.
Fire Division
Enoch L. Hooper, Fire Sergeant, to Fire
Lieutenant.
Hugh D. Hale, Fire Sergeant, Class 3 to
Fire Sergeant, Class 4.
Postal Division
Carl W. Hoffmeyer, Distribution Clerk,
to Clerk, Mail Handling Unit.
Robert J. Balcer, Window Clerk, to Clerk-
in-Charge, Window Services.
Division of Schools
Josephine A. Morris, Substitute Teacher,
to Elementary and Secondary School
Teacher.
Leticia C. Mindez, Substitute Teacher,
U.S. Schools (Spanish), to Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher.
Yolanda V. Kelson, Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Hubert B. Pryor, Construction Inspector
(General) to Supervisory Construction
Inspector (General), Contract and In-
spection Division.
Eustaquio Herrera, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Surveying Aid, Engineering Division.
Dredging Division
James E. Hayden, James NI. Walsh, Master,
Towboat or Ferry, from Navigation
Division.
James N. Duffus, Charles R. Gibson, Elec-
trician, to Leader Electrician (Lineman).
Howard Green, Leader Navigational Aid
Maintenanceman, to Leader Mainte-
nanceman (Distribution Systems).
Joseph B. Atkinson, Pablo G. Romero,
Lascelle F. Williams, Navigational Aid
Maintenanceman, to Maintenanceman
(Distribution Systems).
Nathaniel Brown, Leonard W. McBean,
George Murray, Hubert Tilley, Israel
Watkins, Navigational Aid Worker, to
Naintenanceman (Distribution Systems).
Luis G. Fields, Leader (General), to Leader
Maintenanceman (Distribution Systems).
Walter N. Babb, Vivian L. Osavio, from
Navigational Aid Worker, to Naviga-
tional Aid Maintenanceman.
Miguel A. Garcia, Ruben E. Sandoval,
Oiler (Floating Plant), from Navigation
Division.
Pedro Osses, Helper (General), to Fireman
(Floating Plant).
Joseph N. James, Ramp Operator, Naviga-
tion Division, to Helper (General).


Ulysis Jordan, Laborer (Cleaner), Com-
munity Services Division, to Mess
Attendant.
Electrical Division
Robert C. Stanley, Senior Operator (Gen-
erating Station) to Power System Dis-
patcher.
George A. Folger, Leader Electrician
(Lineman) to Foreman (Transmission
Lines).
Bruce Mh. Morrow, Lock Operator (Ma-
chinist) Locks Division, to Shift Engineer
(Mechanical).
Evelyn G. Faulkner, Order Filler, Phila-
telic, Substitute, Postal Division, to
Accounting Clerk.
Roy A. Dudley, Helper Machinist (Marine),
Industrial Division, to Helper Machinist
(Maintenance).
Isidoro C. Fagout, Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Helper Machinist
(Maintenance).
James A. Scantlebury, Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Laborer (Cleaner).
Maintenance Division
Dorothy D. Douglas, Clerk-Stenographer,
Industrial Division, to Supervisory Cler-
ical Assistant.
Henry E. May, Machinist (Marine), Indus-
trial Division, to Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Mechanic.
Sylvester Rouse, Leader Maintenanceman,
Supply Division, to Maintenanceman.
Jaime L. Martinez, Truck Driver (Heavy),
from Motor Transportation Division.
TomAs E. Obeso, Helper (General), Indus-
trial Division, to Electrical Equipment
Repairman.
Jose E. Ovalle, Laborer (Heavy), from
Locks Division.
HEALTH BUREAU
Lucila C. Rivera, Staff Nurse, to Staff
Nurse (Medicine and Surgery), Coco Solo
Hospital.
Gorgas Hospital
Shirley C. Havasi, Jane E. Pauk, Staff
Nurse, to Staff Nurse (Medicine and
Surgery).
Henry V. Ross, Medical Equipment Repair-
man, to Inspector (Hospital Medical
Equipment).
Raimundo Vergara, Hospital Attendant, to
Ward Service Aid.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Drummond McNaughton, Master. Towboat
or Ferry (Pilot Trainee), to Pilot-in-
Training.
Edgar R. McCollin, Heavy Laborcr, to
Launch Seaman.
Gerardo Davidson, Heavy Laborer, Main-
tenance Division, to Deckhand.
Manuel S. Ponce, Leader Heavy Laborer,
to Leader Maintenanceman.
Locks Division
Arthur J. O'Donnell, Lead Foreman (Locks
Control House), to General Foreman
(Lock Operations).
Clifford S. Asbury. Lead Foreman (Lock
Operations), to General Foreman (Lock
Operations).
Albert B. Abreu, Arnold W. Jackson,
Leader Lock Operator (Electrician), to
Lead Foreman (Locks Control House).


Robert J. Blair, Lock Operator (Electri-
cian), to Leader Lock Operator (Elec-
trician).
James J. Boughner, Joseph A. Plaisance,
William R. Ward, Electrician, to Lock
Operator (Electrician).
James A. Jones, Painter, to Leader Painter.
William Hall, Leader Carpenter (Main-
tenance), to Leader Carpenter.
Arturo G. L6pez, Carpenter, to Leader
Carpenter.
Raul Calder6n, Helper Lock Operator, to
Carpenter (Maintenance).
Camilo Polanco, Helper Lock Operator, to
Truck Driver.
Leonardo A. Illueca, Vernon R. Peart,
Helper Lock Operator, to Painter (Main-
tenance).
Luis Rosero, Floating Plant Oiler, Dredg-
ing Division, to Line Handler.
Perfecto Conis, David A. Taylor, Estanis-
lao Urriola, Jr., Seaman, Dredging Divi-
sion, to Line Handler.
Gerardo Gill, Launch Seaman, Dredging
Division, to Line Handler.
Luis A. Gutidrrez, Theodore McEntosh,
Gilbert W. McZeno, Clifford E. Prescott,
Felipe Smith, Line Handler, to Helper
Lock Operator.
Walter E. Kellman, Heavy Laborer, Rail-
road Division, to Line Handler.
Industrial Division
Harry E. Townsend, General Foreman Ma-
chinist (Marine), to Chief Foreman
Machinist (Marine).
Carlos Grenard, Package Boy, Supply
Division, to General Helper.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
John B. Morton, Jr., Accountant, Account-
ing Division, to Accounting Policies and
Procedures Staff.
Accounting Division
George T. Darnall, Jr., General Engineer
(Estimates), Engineering Division, to
Valuation Engineer (General).
Helen A. Adams, Clerk-Stenographer, Ad-
ministrative Branch, to Accounting Tech-
nician.
Dora W. Ung, Sales Clerk, Supply Divi-
sion, to Accounting Technician.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
Supply Division
Florence M. Burns, Accounting Clerk, to
Accounting Assistant.
Mauricio J. Lovell, Clerk-Typist, to Supply
Clerk (Sales; Typing).
Samuel D. Toppin, Leader Maintenance-
man, from Navigation Division.
Jorge T. VAsquez, Laborer, Dredging Divi-
sion, to Laborer (Cleaner).
Community Services Division
Arthur C. Payne, Housing Project Assistant
(Assistant Manager, Cristobal Housing
Office), to Administrative Services Assist-
ant.
Nelson Marquinez, Laborer, from Dredg-
ing Division.
Marcelino Urena, Laborer, to Heavy
Laborer.

14 DECEMBER 7, 1962





TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Augustus Lemon, Truck Driver, to Heavy
Truck Driver, Motor Transportation
Division.
NicolAs E. Calder6n, Laborer, to Helper
Carman (Wood and Steel), Railroad
Division.
Terminals Division
Jan Mirrop, Leader Liquid Fuels Wharf-
man, to Liquid Fuels Dispatcher.
Alburt Watson, Winchman, to Leader
Stevedore (Ship).
Leonardo Velarde, Dock Worker, to Steve-
dore.
Marcus Aird, Edward J. Atherton, Cargo
Clerk, to Cargo Control Clerk.
John R. Burnham, Package Boy, Supply
Division, to Cargo Marker.
Felix Rios, Laborer, Dredging Division,
to Cargo Marker.
Jose Sosa, Milker, Supply Division, to Dock
Worker.
OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not
involve changes of title:
Joseph L. Hickey, General Engineer, In-
dustrial Division.
Herbert A. Greene, Jr., Admeasurer, Navi-
gation Division.
George H. Moore, Time, Leave, and Pay-
roll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Robert G. Orvis, Marine Traffic Controller,
Navigation Division.
Juan J. Saint Malo, Cartographic Com-
pilation Aid, Engineering Division.
Mario Pezzoti, Service Center Supervisor,
Supply Division.
Luis E. De Le6n, Bookkeeping Machine
Operator, Office of the Comptroller.
Jorge Hernmndez, Surveying Aid, Engineer-
ing Division.



Tankers' Size

Has Doubled

OCEAN TANKERS' average size
doubled in a period of 10 years. This is
because unit cost of tanker transporta-
tion (both building and operating costs)
tends to decrease as size of the vessel
increases-up to a point. For example,
cost of carrying crude oil from the
Caribbean to Western Europe is cut
approximately in half if 47,000-ton
supertankers are used instead of the
16,600-ton T-2 tankers of wartime
fame. Above about 70,000 tons incen-
tive to build larger ships levels off, as
potential economies are smaller. And,
of course, the larger the vessel, the
fewer the ports open to her.
Lloyd's Register of Shipping now lists
11 tankers with beams of 116 feet or
more, ranging up to 133 feet 5 inches.
Panama Canal lock chamber width is
110 feet. Length of these super-tankers
ranges up to nearly 950 feet and dead-
weight tonnage up to 104,520 tons.


I*


IS SAFETY a waste of time?
What, if anything, has an organized
safety effort really accomplished in
improving the American way of life?
These are questions which might well
be asked by the American public after
having taken a stand for, and supported,

Vehicle
1921--- __ ___ 1 milli
1946 --_--_----- __---_-- 34 milli
1961 ----- ---- ------- 76 milli
I Deaths per 100 million miles traveled.
Home-In 1912 there were 21 million
homes, and an estimated 26,000 to
28,000 persons were killed in home
accidents.
By 1961, the number of homes had
more than doubled, to 54 million, but
accidental deaths still totaled only
26,500 and the death rate was lowered
46 percent (from 28 per 100,000 to
15 per 100,000).
Public-Despite a population increase
of nearly 100 percent since 1912, and an
"explosion" in many forms of recrea-
tion, accidental deaths in public places
decreased almost 50 percent by 1961
(from an estimated 28,000-30,000 down
to 16,500), as the death rate decreased
50 percent from 30 percent per 100,000
to 9 percent per 100,000.
Work-The work force not only
doubled from 1912 to 1961, but it
produced four times as much goods.


-ACCIDENTS

onR
THIS MONTH
AND
THIS YEAR


OCTOBER

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


'62
234
2451


organized Safety over the past 50 years
-vears in which there were fantastic
increases in automobile travel, factory
production, population, and home
ownership.
Trafic-Despite fantastic increases in
travel, death rates have come steadily


Miles
Traveled
550 billion
341 billion
735 billion


Death
13,900
33,411
38,000


Death
Rate1
25
10
5


Despite this, accidental work deaths
decreased from an estimated 18,000-
20,000 to 13,000, and the death rate
per 100,000 population dropped from
21 to 7.
From these brief statistics can be
drawn a number of conclusions as to
what benefits have resulted from safety.
But probably the most thought-provok-
ing fact embodied in these statistics is
that there are literally hundreds of
thousands of men, women, and children
alive today, making valuable contribu-
tions to our national effort, to society,
and to American home life who would
not even have been born if their parents
had allowed themselves to become acci-
dent statistics during the past 50 years.
It is not at all unlikely that you and 1 are
among that fortunate group. If we are,
so are our children and, in turn, so will
their children be who are to come.


's1 '*2 *6s '12 '*C
261 7 11 288 3178
3049(699) 103 111(4) 18516 18538(95)
( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries Included In total.


TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


-SAFETY



For, Against



.. or Neutral?











PPI


'4l


Ships' Names Match
Theme of Christmas

CHRISTMAS ARRIVALS in the Canal
couldn't have been more appropriate if
they had been planned. The Northern
Star, a 1,400 passenger liner in round-
the-world service, will arrive at Balboa
December 23 and will transit Decem-
ber 24. The SS Jerusalem will berth
in Cristobal after the Northern Star
transits.
Christmas time will mark the second
time the Northern Star visits the Canal.
The new Shaw, Savill liner came here
on her maiden voyage September 12.
The Northern Star carries no cargo. The
liner is completely air-conditioned and
is equipped with closed-circuit tele-
vision in the public rooms. En route to
the Panama Canal, the Northern Star
will round the Cape at South Africa,
and will have visited Australia and New
Zealand, said W. Andrews & Co., local
agents for the liner.
The SS Jerusalem of the Zim Lines
will visit Cristobal December 26 on a
13-day Christmas-New Year cruise of
seven Caribbean ports. The fully air-
conditioned liner, which will sail from
the Port of Miami, carries 350 pas-


TRANSITS BY OCEAN
VESSELS IN OCTO

Commercial ..............
U.S. Government .........
Free ............. .....
Total. .............
TOLLS
Commercial.... $4,412,721
U.S. Government 56,964
Total.... $4,469,685
CARGO"0


Comme
U.S. GC
Free. .


racial. 4,890,308
government 19,973
. ....... 51,676
Total.... 4,961,957


'Includes tolls on all vessels. ocean-go
"Cargo figures are in long tons.


sengers. The ship has an oul
a movie theater, a duty-free
center, two dance orchestra
entertainment. Ninety-five
the cabins are outside ones.
The SS Jerusalem is to doc
December 26 and will depar
that day, according to word r
the United Fruit Co., the loc


-GOING An expected Christmas Eve arrival
)BER will be the Zeider Kruis, on a round-the
world cruise. Another arrival close to
1962 1961 Christmas will be the Moore-McCor-
882 935 mack line SS Argentina, due to arrive
17 20 at Cristobal December 27 at 8 a.m.
9 2
-The State of Maine, the Maine Mari-
908 957 time Academy's schoolship, commanded
by Capt. A. F. Coffin, is due to visit
$4,647,565 Cristobal and Balboa January 25 to
82,336 January 28. The State of Maine, prior
to entering a sea career as a schoolship,
$4,729,900 was the former Panama Line SS Ancon.
The SS Elizabethport, a new 630-foot
5,284,258 jumbo container ship operated by Sea-
65,050 Land Service, Inc., whose route took
3,901 her through the Panama Canal on a
5,353,209 voyage from Newark, N.J., to Long
Beach and Oakland, Calif., inaugurated
ing and small, the first intercoastal container ship trade
and the United States' most revolu-
tionary freight lift (truck-sea-truck) in
many years. The vessel, a former T-2
door pool, tank ship, was the first ship to be
Shopping jumboized at a shipyard in the port of
s, and live New York.
percent of The Todd Shipyards Corp.'s Hoboken
k at 7 a.m. plant performed the extensive jumbo-
t at m. izing and conversion operation, which
Si involved removing the center portion of
Seceivd by the vessel and then fitting the bow
S. and stern sections to a new 417-foot
German-built midbody.

FERRYBOATS have been a familiar
Canal Zone sight the past 30 years as
they traveled back and forth between
the east and west banks of the Canal,
prior to the opening of the $20 million
Thatcher Ferry Bridge. But a ferryboat
transiting the Canal from south to north
merited second and third looks by
ferryboat fans.
The unusual Canal customer was the
Carquinez, traveling with the tug Capt.
Lew S. Russell, Jr., en route from
Portland, Oreg., to Jacksonville, Fla.
The Carquinez is larger than the
Panama Canal's former sister ferry-
boats Presidente Amador and President
Roosevelt, an overall length of 125 feet.
The Carquinez measures 180 feet and
is 67V feet wide. The tug towing the
Carquinez is 149 feet long and 33 feet
wide.
The ferryboat and tug docked at Pier
15 for engine repairs, water, and fuel
before the Canal transit.


DECEMBER 7, 1962


N


G


Commuter craft's first trip long one.




Full Text

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBR A R IES

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Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from University of Florida, George A. Srnathers Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie135pana

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3: 4

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PNAMA CANAL IN THIS ISSUE Bats Can Be Menace Canal's Future Shaped Schooling For "Tomorrow" An Historic Arch MW dUAL .A n o ".anb of t!s g ingbom there Oiall be no enb.t

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JOSEPH CONNOR, Acting Press Officer 4"sdn lPublications Editors V 111r0 ROBERT D. KERR and JULio E. BRICENO Official Panama Canal Publication Editorial Assistants Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD, TOBi BITTEL, and TOMAS A. CUPAs Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z. t R I r and the Tiv i Guest flouse for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each. a rptions, S a ya; mall and back copies, 10 cents each. d a e e a Cnat company hold be mailed to Box M. Balboa Ileights, C.Z. r i Adn Bu i a ilding Balba Heights. C. .We S/are Our Culturei Sin et eor nativity The "faces" of the Canal Zone. And the "faces" of this Panama. What are they? n a gr home of Worn with -worry? Strained with anxiety? Smug, selfish, phre John disinterested, disdainful, or warm and friendly and during the confident? h anama had How the faces look to others depends somewhat on u st prize the eve of the beholder. And at the, Christmas season, n from Spin beholders' views are modified by an image of One uory ,I whose face no accurate reproduction exists-only artists' ght i h f mi~x conc(eptions. Thus are understandings born, mutual understandings, d na ipartly through sharing of cultures. For a sketch of this h dedli sharing on the Isthmus, see the tree-decorated story on t I a mafr n BarPg Page 5. s Fr rn This a ftw !ad Sea dx h(lristmas .and of His kingdom there shall be no end." (Luke 1:33.) Index lats Can Be Menace_ _---------------------3 Sharing of Cultures ------_-------------5 C t VWinirg, Housing, Electric Work Advance----6 Scholing for the Future -----------------------8 Sra dFlat Arch 10 CanaL Historv, Retirements -11 Newv Eqipncnt for Railroad 12 Aai--rries ---_ -_-13 rmtis n1d Transfers 14 I Sty -15 if -16 2 DEcEMBER 7, 1962

PAGE 9

The Mad Bats Dr. Nathan Gale, Public Health Veterinai U b at th 24-i n wingspan. Two rabies-infected bats of this spu vin on ear : forgan Avenue NOT ALL BATS on the Isthmus are infected with rabies. T Ca B Aa But some are. Far too many, in the opinion of Canal Zone Health Bureau authorities, for employees not to inform themselves and their families about the potential menace these creatures may carry. "We've got to live with the threat of Branch, U.S. Army recently turned in o h h t a t ig this disease-rabies-just as we live with two discovered at Fort Clayton. On --)r ii h f rs a polio and malaria and tuberculosis," a laboratory analysis all of these bs h Canal health official said recently. were found to have rabies. first The watchful aid of individuals is This served to alert the He ath rt had needed. Bureau to a flare-up of infection in th 1u wen Modern medicine may do much for bat population. At this tim< rahie in H spial the person who comes down with parathe Canal Zone is confined t hats But 3 t tt in Pern, and lytic polio, malaria, or tuberculosis. But other susceptible mammals bot r having been there is no hope for the patient who mestic and wild, could oti 7there was o develops rabies. become infected. I, of local origin Hence the Health Bureau considers it The danger from rabid bats is bot important that the alertness of two residirect and secondary. They mav bite t n anrfirmed cases dents of Morgan Avenue, Balboa, people. Or they may bite animal hitth occurred on the resulted recently in the collection of two in turn bite humans. I 0thes were reported through sick bats. The Environmental Health Fortunately bats verv rarch hir I961 dogs or cats. But if oneog doss b s a h has ing infected, a dog-t-dog c Canal Zone wa with great rapidit, bas do1 ha of Panama's about over a wide arca D rt at Sdud Animal as Canal Zone regulations r quire ntihavi r rab. A yesr-long survey rabies inoculation for al dgs y 3 s s n ly 960 by the Canal's years. Many Cana employes prv D1s) f r y etn the same imrnizatio for s T r ) slon of the which need new shots very yr. jea B r g collect 47 Another protection is th 41t s s fr 1 t quarantine for imports dogs r Z cats. This is enforedA t pr is ny 43 we introduction of infected imais r t T f s wr fruit-hats countries in which rabi is ommos pp and struggling in a Fresh instructions, sammrze s p Otiers wre page 4, were recently i t tshed c its in Perhaps not rabid, certainly not friendly. safety personnel whos pt ra sep. 4a TnE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

PAGE 10

TO AVOID RABIES Caution children not to play with bats, or permit their pets to do so. Instruct both children and domestic employees to be on the lookout for any bats to be seen on the ground, either dead or alive, and to report the presence of these animals to you. 0 If you find a dead or sick bat, do not touch it. Using a brush, broom, or other instrument, put bat in a firm box or glass jar and deliver it to the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Corozal, or the Northern District Sanitation Office, Bolivar Road, Cristobal. If you cannot deliver the specimen promptly, refrigerate it until you are able to make delivery. 0 If you have any reason to think you or a member of your family has been bitten by a bat-or had any personal contact-take the individual to the admitting office at Gorgas or Coco Solo Hospital and report the circumstances. Keep the inoculation of your animals up to date. At Chilibre Cave east of the Canal Zone an automatic trapping device originated in the famous Carlsbad Caves of New Mexico was adapted for Isthmian use. It consists of a grid of piano wires strung tightly above an automatic hopper. The detection apparatus of many bats flying out of the cave does not pick up the wires rapidly enough to prevent a collision. Once a bat hits a wire he slides down into the hopper. Samuel Hart of the Veterinary Division removing a bat from a band net in one of the tunnels under the Madden Road. Wingspread dwarfs ruler. (Continued from p. 3) creatures can squeeze through a crack attics. Some were netted under eaves of three-eighths of an inch, such as a or hanging from the under sides of palm space between roof tiles, access is not leaves. At Fort Clayton, a man collected difficult. one from his living room floor. Two Their presence is made known by were caught in the radio station at Fort an objectionable odor, by hearing them Clayton, and a third found hanging on as they crawl across the attic floor, and a window screen at the PX. by debris that may drift through ceiling Other incidents underlined the bat cracks from time to time. menace. Ridding an entire area of all bats In Fort Kobbe pool, a rabid bat bit would be impossible, health men say a child. Four months later, at dusk, a and perhaps not desirable. For one woman bather was bitten. Both were thing, bats help control insects. treated with anti-rabies vaccine, and tn bat he cot nts. neither suffered ill effects. As with other potential health For practical purposes, bats may be hazards, here and elsewhere, the best divided into two types: (1) The freeprotection against rabies-bat-borne or living or solitary kind, which roost singly otherwise-is a watchful understanding or in small groups under trees, palms, by the general public. or eaves, and (2) The gregarious or Republic of Panama and Canal Zone "colonial" kind, which are found in health authorities are constantly exattics, sometimes in groups of several changing information about rabies and hundred. Since many of these nocturnal its spread by bats. 4 DECEMBER 7, 1962

PAGE 11

Procedures AT CHRISTMAS TIME In Adverse Action Aeas We Share Our Cultures Action Appeals A PANEL of hearing examiners has been established by Governor Fleming AT NO SEASON does the cosmopolitan tions. Filled stockings hang just as well for hearings on Adverse Personal heritage of the Crossroads of the Ameron a bed frame or door. Actions. icas stand forth more convincingly than The spirit of Christmas seems to be The hearing examiners are Sylvester at Christmas, when almost every Isthlaunched in the cities of Panama on the D. Callender, C.W. Chase, Jr., Norman mian home invites the blessings of the evening of December 7-the night B. Davison, Rubelio D. Quintero, Harry season with both a Panamanian nacibefore the religious feast of the ImmaD. Raymond, Paul Robbins, Bruce G. miento and a temperate-latitude Christculate Conception. Special household Sanders, Jr., and J. Bartley Smith. mas tree-often a balsam or spruce shrines of the Virgin are arranged on Adverse Personnel Actions procedure from the northern part of the United balconies and in windows. Images conis detailed in Executive Regulation States or Canada. sisting of either paintings or statuary are No. 70, effective July 1, 1962. With a fine disregard for purist displayed in a frame of flowers set Actions which may be appealed are: the peoples of the Isthmus have or o vith brilliants and illuminated by Discharges, suspensions for more than generations been enthusiastic or special lights. The day fol30 days, furloughs without pay, and gaged in trading customs and fol ys lo-y ng is marked in Panama as Mothers' disciplinary demotions. each December along with a elices Day d is a national holiday. Pascuas" and a "Merry Chri as." Chris as trees are dressed, stockings Here, in brief, are the procedural Traditionally in P ma, D cemhung, an acimientos first lighted on steps: ber 25 is the feast dDios. Chris as Ev which for many resiThe employee generally will be given And it is not Santa Claus b e Christ dents o ..dictions is the occaat least 30 days' written notice of the Child who visits homes good children sion of a idnight church service. In proposed action and reasons for it. as they lie asleep ving toys or other Panama, afte this Misa de Gallo, or The employee has the right to answer, gifts at the side. This custom is cock's mass, a is served for the within 10 days. An extension may be unaffected -ears o association, adults. It may be a lig er or a full requested to afford ample opportunity just as the filling of Chris as stockings meal, but va vs in amales and for preparation of the answer, by Santa Claus still ho s for the young often contn s until dawn. children of North erican or European An observan racticed only in PanA hearing is scheduled if the emparentage. ama coincides wit Dia de los Inoployee desires one and makes written But the i ding and dressing of the centes (the day on whi ing Herod request. naci o to represent t merely the decreed the slaying of male -nts). The hearing is to give the employee Holy a er, but often Oddly perh tries a chance for an impartial, objective the town and towns of Bethlehem December 28 s come to be the annual review of his case by persons detached and its surroundin 'illages, is a custom day for playing ranks and tricks. It from the events that led to the proposed adopted read' y gringos and other corresponds to Apri ools' Day in many adverse action, and gives the employee newcom .lany families form a perlands, and here serves t und the note a chance to be heard and present manei collection o lical personfor the noisy midnight welco he evidence. ages, ange s, an arm animals that are New Year 3 days later. The hearing is before a single hearing treasured from yea o year. The Day of t -welfth examiner chosen by the employee, from Nor does a namanian child see Night-is not ox rlooked. Children x r sbthe panelyoreachraseanything str e in going to market to receive fruits, nuts, little gifts. In help se a spicy smelling ever 1n s nacimientos, the res of the The hearing examiner's findings and tre nd then decking it out arti -'ngs o East are placed n the recommendations are used by the official i alls, tinse o tskirts of the se istmas cial acting on the appeal in making his and lights. E ch day the householder moves them decision. Santa Claus himself is thought of by a little closer to the manger until on This decision may sustain the earlier the smaller fry in his usual guise of January 6 they arrive before the Christ decision, modify it, or reverse it. a jolly red-clad St. Nick with a white Child. Notification to the employee of the beard. But they expect him to step out After Twelfth Night, most nacimienappeal decision also must advise the of an airplane or a helicopter-as he tos and Christmas trees are dismantled. employee of his appeal rights, if any, often does at military posts or in the But by then the dried out balsam or to the Civil Service Commission. Interior-rather than to make his flight spruce has almost surely been promised by sleigh across the jungle treetops. Nor to some neighborhood child for one Personal copies of Executive Regulais much said at these Crossroads about final rite-the community burning. tion No. 70, "Procedure Governing chimneys and fireplaces, except in the THE REVIEW could not learn how Adverse Personnel Action," are to go few homes where an artificial red brick these January bonfires started in Panout sometime after the first of the year. mantel is part of the holiday decora(See p. 12) THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEw 5

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af, I otal for year above 4.5 million cubic yards. Year OF Progress Shapes Canal's Future Irn n n mJuly 1 I amount to $108.1 million. toward widening of Empire Reach i m iaf ( Id to Ih, 1962 capital expenditures of within Gaillard Cut. A total of $22.8 rshipping rt I 1 1 ro tl $16.1 million were about million has been spent for channel imt th 92 i i under the peak expenditures provement during the past few years. iliun f r t fn. stablished the previous year. This improvement is expected to cost TA pii -single item of capital expendan additional $21 million before comS i itn s tor fscal 1962 was $5.9 million pletion, which is scheduled for 1966-67. More than 4.5 million cubic yards of earth and rock were removed in fiscal 1962 canal widening work, 2,722,369 by contract and 1,788,000 on Dredging Division projects. Maintenance dredging during the year accounted for an additional 3,063,700 cubic yards. This work was in Gaillard Cut, Atlantic and Pacific entrances, Balboa harbor, Gatun Lake, Miraflores Lake, south of Mirafiores locks, and at Docks 14 and 15. Cut-widening projects from 1929 through 1962 have accounted for ...removal of 32,291,318 cubic yards of earth and rock and there are approximately another 14.5 million cubic yards a .to be excavated on widening projects planned from now through 1967. Dredging from 1915 through fiscal 1962 was 377,405,432 cubic yards, with total dredging from the start of Canal construction through fiscal '62 at 663,691,560 yards. Useful French excavation 'is listed at 29,908,000 and U.S. dredging 1904 through 1915 at 256,378,128. os wall, bank Iighg extnsion continued. Other major expenditures in 1962 6 DECEMBER 7, 1962

PAGE 13

included $2.3 million on the housing replacement program, $1.3 million for an additional electric generating plant, more than $600,000 on the central air conditioning plant for the Pacific terminal area, and more than $500,000 for locks towing locomotives and cranes. The quarters replacement program capital investment was on the Pedro Miguel, Corozal, and Los Rios projects. The electric generating plant project will increase the Zone's power output capacity 39 percent. Work is in progress at the Miraflores diesel station, where old diesels are being removed to be replaced by two 11,000 kw. gas turhines. The new generating plant is expected to he in operation in February For comparison, the new Miraflores facility will have a total of 22,000 kw output capacity. The Madden Dam power installation is rated at 24,000 kw. an( Gatun at 18,000 kw. There are a (See p. 12) One of three New PedrO I Miraflores electrical plant work. Base for new turbine in foreground A I hf PANAM~A C ANAL REV~IENN' 7

PAGE 14

n

PAGE 15

Carlos A. Vaz, Jr., of Colon is acting principal at Paraiso p -* High School. He was graduated fm Abel Bravo High Aston M. Pacehset is sriscipal of the Paraiso ElemenSchool in Colon in 1950; from the University of Panama ta Scho ol.al steoari. career, since 1929, has been J in 1955; and from the University of Denver, Colo., in with the Canal Zone schools. He was grduatn n 59 ea c emsned firs inn his class at Xasvier Ussiversity in Noew Orltans in 1959, 5 In190hbeatacignteCnlZoeaSpis wihtedegre of bachelo of science in secondary oslo,3 r n16 ebgntahn i h aa oeapns sath t es el of c eor ducstienc e in sec on df instructor in the Latin American Schools on the Pacifc Jasion in the eold of physical education. He is a son of side of the Isthmus. He was a member of the Paraiso John Parhm nt, one of the pioneers in the Canal Zone j School staff and then acting principal at Rainbow City Coosa school. rn hHigh School. Prior to teaching in the Canal Zone, he was Gabo shol.a professor at Justo Arosemena Institute in Panama City from 1956 to 1958. Mrs. Thelma C6rdoha de Quintero, who comes from Mrs. Eti L. Fa wLos Santos, teaches chemistry and physics at Paraiso High Zone school system since 1944, has charge of orientation ~School. She was graduated in 1951 with a bachelor of of ne teachers at the Pedro iguel Elementary School. science degree from the Panama National University and Zoneschol ystm snce 944 ha chrgeof oienatin a a {in 1957 was graduated from Panama University as a Sh ew seahradoatdf the r maul Eee r School. Bc professor of biology and chemistry. She taught in the She was graduated from the Normal School at La oda Professional School, the Lice do Seniritas, and at Joan and has been a teacher in the schools at Catun, Red professor Arosegynd Nhesrm y. Scho e tauhtininge s n k m e m e B o f t n P e r so .M r s .E l e m e t a r y S h o 4 t h e C a n a l Z o n e t e a c h i n g s t a ff .S i n c e 1 9 5 9 s h e h a s b e e n th igtl Elementary S teaching in Paraiso. This year she participated as an invited guest in a teachers program at Orchard Park, Buffalo, N.Y. A new game, a combinaui ef baseball and football, isBa N being played by a groupnthe school playground. In this game the pitcher toss the ball, the "batter" kicks Grafton Conlilfe is principal of the Santa Cruz Elemenit as in football and the aies are run as in baseball. Mrs. Sodud de Epibania has been teaching Spanish at tary School. He was graduated from the Canal Zone rs.nbow CitydHigh Schoolhasrben 4echns Sh as Junior College, La Boca Extension in 1952 and has been Rainboe City High School for only 4 moths. She as teaching for 10 years. He taught schools in Red Tank, ho graduated from Juan D m6stnes Arosmena Normal Gatun, and La Boca before being transferred to Santa School, Santiago, Veraguas, obtained a degree in Spanish Cruz in 1957. He obtained a bachelor of science degree, atthUnicersity of Panama, and herdoctors degree in with specialization in education, at the University of romantic languages at the University of Madrid, Spain. Nebraska in 1961 and has summer school credits from LATIN AMERICAN SCHOCLS: She has taught at Las Tablas, at the Maria Imacalada Is'I, the University of Panama. He plans to go to the United Interational Schoal, at the Panama National Institute, States next year to obtain a master's degree in education. and in Chitibre, Boas del Toro, and La Charrera. A newcomer on the teaching staff at the Paraiso ElemenGEARED TO CHILDREN'S FUTURE tary School is Miss Alicia SAenz, who is from Pocri, Aguadulce, and a graduate of the Juan Dem6stenes tary School. He was graduated in 1929 from the KmgsArosmeoa Normal School in Santiago, Veraguas. She ton, Jamaica, igh School and began teaching at Rainbgs s an sachoin May 19rs 2 g ae r hais aughtM L i City the same year. In 1946 he was promoted to principal aeni rsiy o Panama 16 9as prora es r fro f CLa of the school. He is retiring at the close of the present Santiago, Pcri, and Panama. She was graofed f CANAL ZONE Latin American schools University of Panama and at universities school year. pedagogy and is delighted with her new work in Paraiso. stress an educational orientation to the in other countries, principally in the students' native country of Panama, in a United States, teach in the Canal Zone program designed to prepare the PanLatin American schools and are selected a Miss Myrtle Mulcare, teacher in the Santa Cruz Elemenamanian students in the Canal Zone according to their teaching credits. tary school, has been teaching 27 years in the Canal Zone fur their eventual assumption of the The Ministr of Education of Panschool system. She was graduated in Jamaica in 1926 fhei vetliss Violet Bingham thst grade teacher m the Rai oow and studied in education courses at the University of obligations of Panamanian citizenship. ama collaborates with the Canal Zone City Elementary Scisool for 36 continnos years, will n er obtaining a bachelor of sconce degree, Since 2956,wf195 Division of Schools in establishing the retire from teaching at the close of the present school with specialization in education, from the University of since Dv, w en a esmmlttee .de Nebraska. Fmm 1959 to 1952 she sas a member of the prominent Panamanian educators evalscholastic program in the schools. year. She is a graduate toucher of Jamaica a an her Panama National Conservatory Orchestra, playing violin a -E i School in Caln. to 1926 she jisned the teaching stall at Before coming to Santa Cruz, she taught schools in Rn the Canal Zone Lati S rainbow City and has taught there ever since. Catun and La Bota. She plans to go to Nebraska next Canal Zone Latin American schools, the American schools is 3,886, divided as year to obtain a master's degree in education programs in these schools have coin# follows: Rainbow City, 1,716; Paraiso, cided with those of Panama, with the 1,464; Santa Cruz, 617; and Pedro Alfredo Cragwell, principal of the Rainbow City Juniorobjective that a student in any Canal Miguel, 89. Senior High School, is a graduate of the National Institute Zone Latin American school may enter The teaching staff in the Canal Zone biss Ana Bennett is the a ting princia ate Po in Uronomic science, with speciatization in commerce, at any Panamanian school in the same Latin American schools totals 154. Of Miguel Elementary School. She eas graduated from the tePnmTorsDeateti196Frm14tograde an cdmclvl ntu.La Rota Normal School, the University of Panama, and th2ni t of an i 1953 He as supersa in and academic level. Instruthis number, 67 teach in the Rainbow the Unive sity of Michigan, where she received a masters 1952 h sas Sest alloroate Assemblyman and from 1952 tion is entirely is Spanish, with the City schools; 59 in Paraiso; 22 in Santa -degree in English literature. She has taught school in Ui Las aoa thei Panamar Profeaina seby Egihlnuaeol ubeti hssional Schoot, the Juniar to 1 956 Assemblymaninethe Panama NationaleAssembly English language only a subject in the Curz, and 6 at Pedro Miguel. The six College at Boas del Torn. Chitro High School, La Administration and Direction of Schools at New York curriculum. school principals also are Panamanians. C rrera Juor College,City, and Parais. University. His father, Clarence Cragwell, was a teacherscolpicasasorePnm in. hrr jirClegR for 45 years in the Canal Zone schools. tc Teachers and Panamanian professors, One is assigned to each of the primary with university degrees obtained at the (See p. 10) 8 DECEMBER 7, 1962 THE PANAMA CANAL REviEw 9

PAGE 16

s Famed flat arch in ruins of Church of Santo Domingo Front of ruins of church, showing portion of flat arch through doorway. Schools For Children's Future IN RUINS OF CH URCH (Continued from p. 9) schools at Rainbow City, Paraiso, Pedro Miguel, and Santa Cruz and the seeondary schools at Rainbow City and The schools at Paraiso, Rainbow City, and Santa Cruz each have a library, where the students do their research. The teaching staff stresses participaaffirs, by uphas Boo PNaman ich hutuas TH E FACT THAT the flat arch in the The City of Panama was founded Frn ofsr Famed loataere wh hh ruins of the Church of Santo Domingo August 15, 1519. It was sacked by b n ofte Ldinsmeran uhas stood for 3 centuries without supMorgan and his pirates January 2, body in the Zone. port is said to have had a part in the 1671, and rebuilt, the ceremony markForthereceatonprograms, tre decision to build the interocean canal ing its rebuilding being held January 21, ShsFor cildn' Fture I U N F C U C are gymnasiums in Rainbow City, Santa in Panama. 1673. The city abounds in relics of Cruz, and Paraiso; a stadium a Mount Continued sturdiness of the arch colonial days. Hope, with lighting facilities for night reportedly led engineers to believe On Cathedral Plaza at the beginning games; playgrounds at the three school Panama to be less subject to earthquakes of Central Avenue is the new Cathedral. centers; swimming pools at Rainbow than Nicaragua, which had been subConstruction began in 1688 and it was City and Paraiso, and two tennis courts, jected to periodic seismic tremors. finished in 1796. Its bells were brought one at Santa Cruz and the other at Legend says that the Catholic friar in over from the ruined Cathedral of Old Paraisocharge of construction of the arch stood Panama. It is said that when the Spanish The sports program, similar to that under it when it went up for the third queen visited Badajoz, Spain, upon in the Panama schools, stresses the fortime. It had collapsed on two previous being told that they were casting the mati-byppistic and relation -sports occasions. TheT time it stayed up, bells for use in the capital of the Kingaprt, of sports. the legend says, asserting that is faith dom of Tierra Firme (Panama), "threw be obse d with aontie ole nthuhad held the "impossible arch" up. But her Royal finery of purest astilian gold botall oall, asw all, inttbalos not before it had ad slightly, which into the melting pot, there to mix with ti teo ratrlticsn programs, thee dcsont ul heitrcancnl igit eulin en ed aur 1 id a Pghtliaftina. made it a "flat" arch. It had been the bronze." Ihew's also a iolko progr fo with designed as a regular keystone arch. In San Jos6 Church at Eighth Street gapims Plnarnian dan s t treh she Santo Domingo, originally the most and Avenue A is the renowned Golden p(ii tant each school has its own splendid religious temple in the rebuilt Altar, saved from the greed of Morgan's fo.Pon ariup undior the direction of city, was destroyed by fire in 1761. The pirates and transferred to its present phmatidgm ation taehers. ruins are on Third Stree t avenue A. site unharmed. 10 DECEMBi:ER 7, 1903

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CANAL HISTORY 50 Year04go 10 fearago One Year ago GATUN LAKE'S commercial value WORK IS RAPIDLY nearing compleTHE FIRST THREE of the Panama already has been established, although tion on construction of 56 family quarCanal's new streamlined towing locosurface level still is 31 feet below its ters in Ancon which comprise the largest motives have been loaded aboard the final height. A man from Gatun has single construction project of the year. American Export Line freighter Pioneer fitted out a large launch for sightseeing The Housing Division announced that Myth in Yokohama for delivery to the parties; the lighthouse service uses the assignments to the 16 houses slated Canal Zone in January. The 55-ton lake in construction work; launches and for early completion were made from mules were loaded with the ship's own canoes, some rigged with sails, already approximately 250 applications. boo teand wl bedunloaded at Gatun are making venturesome trips. The last load of coal to be sold at F Natives from far back in the bush the Cristobal Coaling Plant was loaded y FrancistCardal >linan, milit are bringing their products to market to stoke the boilers of the SS Arraiz, Armrd Forces of the United States in cavucos that, instead of following which is en route from Chile to Sanand Archbishop of New York, visited the old river courses, are gliding over tander, Spain, with a load of nitrate and military patients at Gorgas Hospital fields that were cultivated only a few copper. It was planned 2 years ago that during a 2-day stay on the Isthmus. months ago. the coaling plant would be closed at Strangers to the Canal Work do not the end of 1951, but sale of bunker coal Bids were opened on construction of stansto ships has been so sporadic that it has a central chilled water air-conditioning understand why the trees have not been tshphsbenssprdcttita svsstem in the Pacific Terminal area. cut in the area (164 square miles) treured almost an extra year to sell This is the first major step in a long which the lake covers. To clear this range plan to provide air conditioning to would require an expenditure of about Individual dial telephones will be the Canal's public buildings by means $2 million. The ship channel and the used at the Motor Transportation Diviof a single-pipe loop system through great anchorage basin at Gatun have sion garage in Ancon instead of switchwhich water will be pumped from a been cleared. board telephones, beginning next week. central plant. Erecting of Lock gates is progressing, with work under way on all but 4 of the 40 leaves at Pedro Miguel and on 12 of those at Miraflores. There are RETIREM ENTS 92 leaves to the 46 gates on all of the Canal Locks, and work is advancing on RETIREMENT certificates were preSotero Fuentes G., Boatman, Locks Divi70 of these. Reaming of rivet holes for sented at the end of October to the sion; 18 years, 1 month, 8 days. 5,750,000 rivets, and driving the rivets, employees listed below, with their posiCrItbal; 2atheral, Chi f Engie, days. will be required before the work is tions at time of retirement and years of Harold T. Gordon, Stevedore, Terminals completed. Canal service: Division; 25 years, 9 months, 12 days. Juan Aguilar, Stevedore, Terminals DiviMrs. Helen F. Heim, Cargo Claims Clerk, 25 Yearago sion; 12 years, 8 months. Terminals Division; 32 years, 11 months, Juvenal Arias C., Stevedore, Terminals 20 days. WITH 1,581,400 PASSENGERS and Division; 16 years, 11 months, 25 days. Oscera or so, keision 21 years 1 316,107 vehicles carried, the Thatcher Francis J. Aurelien, Storekeeping Clerk, months, 26 days. Ferry broke all previous records during Coco Solo Hospital; 37 years, 5 months, Fitz N. Jordan, NIaintenancemen, Mainthe past fiscal year. 16 days. tenance Division; 44 years, 7 months, Clarence Belgrave, Supervisory Cargo 26 days. Two men vere under arrest for Checker, Terminals Division; 46 years, Eugene F. Kleasner, General Foreman, cutting down more than 3,000 feet of 21 days. Lock Operations, Locks Division; 26 telegraph wires, weighing about 250 Walpert J. Bernard, Storekeeping Clerk, years, 3 months, 4 days. pounds, for sale as scrap. Part of the Supply Division; 46 years, 4 months, Mrs. Julia Loupadiere, Nursing Assistant, .21 days. Corgas Hospital; 18 years, 8 months, copper wire had been melted into David Burkett, Oiler, Electrical Division; 7 days. ingots. Telegraph service into the 38 years, 10 months, 11 days. Samuel A. Muir, Laborer Cleaner, Printing Interior was disrupted. Rixford U. Chase, General Medical TechPlant; 37 years, 2 months, 9 days. A norther moved in from the Caribnician, Camboa Medical Clinic; 38 years, Jos6 A. Pimentel, Oiler, Navigation Divibean bringing 6%ice fri ihn 2 days. sion; 35 years, 8 months, 23 days. g 6 inches of rain within 2pdrys.r, Wallace E. Rushing, Lock Operator Elec24 hours and 36 mile gales. The downEldenk D Coe, Lader Lock Opertor, trician, Locks Division; 18 years, 11 pour sent the Chagres River on a Locks Division; 21 years, 2 months, months, 1 day. pus en hin Ghatun Lakive to 5 days. Alberto C. Smith, Utility Worker, Supply rampage, pushing Gatun Lake level to Edgar F. Drayton, Labor Leader, Supply Division; 25 years, I month, 9 days. 85.8 feet. Ten of the 14 spillway gates Division: 45 years, 1 month, 18 days. Miss Helen M. Starr, Elementary School were opened as waters rose. Six southAdolfo Esquivel, Oiler, Navigation DiviPrincipal, Schools Division; 28 years, bound ships were unable to transit and sion: 25 years, 4 months, 15 days. 1 month, 11 days. 19 ships were at piers with more to Harold N. Fraser, Central Office RepairEdward C. Wilson, Carpenter, Mainman, Electrical Division; 37 years, 7 tenance Division: 35 years, 2 months, come. months, 15 days. 1 day. TiE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Ii

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-PA NAMA Sleek new refrigerator car dwarfs earlier style. Movable doors can compartmentalize interior. New Rolling Refrigerators' Cniudfo .7 ff g = p = number of 2,000 kw. generating diesel ~units. Capacity, '"ndurance Up P"As improvements to the waterway THE ANAA RILROD hs sme 16,00 pundsandther raed oad continued, Marine Bureau officials were THE ANAA RILROD hs sme 16,00 pundsandther raed oad able to report that during the past year new rolling stock that's "real cool"-two limit is 137,700 pounds. it was possible to cut the average time refrigerator cars, or "reefers," as they're The aluminum inner doors can be a transition ship spends in Canal Zone known to railroaders placed flat against the wallorrsC i a full hour. It is now 15.5 The cars' capacity of 3,305 cubic feet make as many as three separate comhours versus 16.5 the previous year. is almost three times that of the cars apartments which can be loaded or This represents a possible saving of acontnued Main Buree ofical wereaefortie lLd IN s ALy ha sotmes ,unloaded separately without affecting $50 to $100 an hour in vessel operating as much diesel fuel capacity (400 temperature level in other compartcosts. gallons) for the mecha al refrigeration ments. Platform level oter doors also Pa ans ial capital outlay for units. That means they can operate mean easier loading. transit operations projects included, as safely up to 160 hours on a sgle fueling The ears are equipped with Timken maj or items, more than $200,000 each and there'l be less fdown time" for unoaed eartel wih ae on the marine traffic control system, new its.g That meanstey anon ea, launches and launch engine replaceThey're steel construction, higher and possible less frequent inspection and ment, and more than $300,000 for locks longer than the older cars and have will eliminate "hot boxes." The cars track conversion and other track work aluminum inner doors and aluminum were manufactured by Pacific Car & in connection with the new towing floor gratings. Their capacity is listed at Foundry Co., Renton, Wash. locomotives. In addition to the major Empire Reach channel project, smaller capital Cultures Shared Huge Stone Figures outlays were also listed for Paraiso and (Continued from p. 5) Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo widening in p work and extensions of locks wall lightama, but the practice seems to have Discoverea in aves ing. Replacement of Dock 14 at Criscome directly from the northern countobal was the main item in maritime tries of Europe. It is known in the AMONG IMPORTANT historical and services projects and construction of a United States only in recent years. archeological objects of Panama to be community center at Rainbow City Legend has it that the origin dates back found in the National Museum (Ave. accounted for more than $200,000 to the pre-Christian era when, during Cuba) beside numerous gold ornaments capital outlay. the dark afternoons following the winter and colorful ceramics, are huge stone Replacement of Panama Railroad solstice, the ancient Huns lighted boncarved figures discovered in the caves rolling stock and replacement of the firs as a hopeful portent of spring. of Barriles, Chiriqni Province, as well trans-Isthmian telephone cable from Whatever their origin, Isthmians like as many household utensils and artifacts Gatun to Gamboa made up nearly h bu rng x hir on gst eris dakt which datc from pre-Colombian days. $400,000 of the capital expenditures for the burnings, where oungstersMaa Chibha, and Cari aboriginal transportation and utilities services albut and parents keep a watchful eye. cultures left their imprint, in successive projects. 1ood is often served, something like waves, upon the Isthmus. Samples of Also spent in 1962 was $10,806,000 wi nener s or snacks-but never the fruitthese indigenous groups' skills still are toward the $20 million cost of the cke and eggnog of the holidays to being dug from "huacas" or burial Thatcher Ferry Bridge. This expendiwhich the bonfire puts an honest-togrounds throughout the Provinces of ture was from funds appropriated by goodness end. Codle, Chiriqui, and Veraguas. the U.S. Congress for the bridge project. 12 DECEMBER 7, 1962

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH MARINE BUREAU Aubrey L. Reid Cecil 0. Brooks Hand C an ENGI G D liffor odney AN INEE I AND CONSTRUCTI REAU an ST RUC 0 BUREAU Roland E. Will F CEO J Distribution Syste s THE 0 PTROLLER aws ff. jolt y Maintenanceman Mahlon D. D 'is or rd erk Joseph C. Noble Accou n Maintena ran D COMMUNITY Joseph C. air Maintenan ICE BUREAU Naphtali W. McLean Gamuel E. Brathwaite Paver Maintenanceman ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH MARINE BUREAU SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Marie T. Lindh Arthur J. O'Donnell SERVICE BUREAU Clerical Assistant Lead Foreman Locks Ram6n Flores Control House Leader Laborer Cleaner CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Beresford F. Baxter Alonso Lapez Charles S. Smith Marine Traffic Clerk Sales Clerk Police Lieutenant Eliseo Lemos Clotilde Gonzilez Walter H. Alves, Jr. Seaman Mteat Packager Police Sergeant Gladys V. Ramage Lewis W. Barker Garfield A. Yarde Sales Clerk Police Sergeant Deckhand Adina Fargurson Charles C. Fears William T. O'Connor Cook Police Sergeant General Foreman Docking Nettie C. Howell Elmer W. Bierbaum and Undocking Pantryman Police Private Reynold Yearwood Franklin N. Reece Richard K. Soyster Helper Lock Operator Mleat Cutter Police Private Maximino Herrera Cristina P. Samuels Darwin E. Crier Boatman .Sales Section Head Finance Branch Ricaurte Arosemena Superintendent Wilmut A. Clare Heavy Laborer Rochelle H. Head Deckhand MAximo Guti6rrez Stenographer elisario Ramos Warehouseman Robert A. Wainio ckhand Helen Cecily Cabey Customs Inspector N Priest Jr Sales Clerk d asu r Alexandrina John ENGINEERING AND Laborer Cleaner CONSTRUCTION BUREAU e ha Sim6n Cortes Roger E. Hamor au e A. u -er Eduvigis Rangel Water System Controlman eckban Grounds Mlaintenance Augustus Gayle T. Gitte Equipment Operator Dstribution Systems Tim keeper Fermin Maroto Maintenanceman .artinez Grounds Maintenance JuliAn Julio Mrie Crane Hookman Painter, Maintenance Equipment Operator Andrew D. Desousa Carlos E. Ortega TRANSPORTATION AND Toolroom Attendant Seaman TERMINALS BUREAU Joaquin P. Cossani Urelmo Martinez Edgar A. Hodgson Navigational Aid Worker Deckhand Leader Heavy Laborer Aureliano Bejarano Antonio E. Cardoze Gilberto Carranza Heavy Laborer AnonoEdlrdz Truck Driver Lmnehandler Abe ug HEALTH BUREAU Marcial A. Bircenas Auhder heavy Laborer Domingo Quifiones Floating Plant Oiler James J. Belcourt Heavy-Pest Control Laborer Clarence A. Butcher Lead Foreman, Railroad Ram6n G. Madrigal Deckhand Yards Hospital Laborer Charles W. Hammond F. R. Hollowell Roy R. Clarke Lead Foreman Painter Automotive Machinisi Clerk Bernardo C. Polanco S. Carballo Leslie R. Loga Automotive Equipment Heavy-Pest Control Laborer Towboat or Ferry Master Serviceman Aubrey Batson John Van Der Heyden Edward Allen Hospital Laborer Shipwright Truck Driver Hector Henningharn Odilio F. Gordon Evielyn E. Collins Heavy-Pest Control Laborer Line Handler Water Service Man THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS October 5 through November 5 EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred Ulysis Jordan, Laborer (Cleaner), ComRobert J. Blair, Lock Operator (ElectriIetween October 5 and November 5 are munitv Services Division, to Mess cian), to Leader Lock Operator (ElecAttendant. trician). listd hre.itinre n oti s Electrical Division James J. Boughner, Joseph A. Plaisance, d sitinsrade rmoti: EWilliam R. Ward, Electrician, to Lock Robert C. Stanley, Senior Operator (GenOperator (Electrician). ADMIlNISTRATIVE BRANCH crating Station) to Power System DisEdna A. Kovel, Clerk-Typist, to Printing catcher. James A. Jones, Painter, to Leader Painter. Clerk (Typing). George A. Folger, Leader Electrician William Hall, Leader Carpenter (MainErnesto A. Harrison, Utility Worker, (Lineman) to Foreman (Transmission tenance), to Leader Carpenter. Supply Division, to Messenger. Lines). Arturo G. L6pez, Carpenter, to Leader Cirilo Alexander, Duplicating Unit SuperBruce NI. Morrow, Lock Operator (iaCarpenter. visor, Printing Plant, Balboa, to Bindery chinist) Locks Division, to Shift Engineer Ral Calder6n, Helper Lock Operator, to and Finish Worker, Printing Plant, (Mechanical). Carpenter (Maintenance). Niount Hope. Evelyn C. Faulkner, Order Filler, PhilaCamilo Polanco, Helper Lock Operator, to CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU telic, Substitute, Postal Division, to Truck Driver. Accounting Clerk. Daniel L. Jenkins, Recreation Assistant Roy A. Dudley, Helper Machinist (Narine), Leonardo A. Illueca, Vernon R. Peart, (Sports), Division of Schools, to Police Industrial Division, to Helper Machinist Helper Lock Operator, to Painter (MainPrivate, Police Division. (Maintenance). tenance). Fire Division Isidoro C. Fagout, Dock Worker, TerLuis Roscro, Floating Plant Oiler, DredgEnocLeua Fminals Division, to Helper Machinist ing Division, to Line Handler. Enoch L. ooper, Fire Sergeant, maintenance) .Perfecto Conis, David A. Taylor, EstanisHugh D. Ilale, Fire Sergeant, Class 3 to James A. Scantlebury, Utility Worker, lao Urriola, Jr., Seaman, Dredging DiviFire Sergeant, Class 4. Supply Division, to Laborer (Cleaner). sion, to Line Handler. Posa .nMaintenance Division Gerardo Gill, Launch Seaman, Dredging Postal Division Division, to Line Handler. Carl W. Hoffmeyer, Distribution Clerk, Dorothy D. Douglas, Clerk-Stenographer, Luis A. Guti6rrez, Theodore McEntosh, to Clerk, Mail Handling Unit. Industrial Division, to Supervisory ClerGilbert W. NcZeno, Clifford E. Prescott, Robert J. Balcer, Window Clerk, to Clerkical Assistant. Felipe Smith, Line Handier, to Helper in-Charge, Window Services. Henry E. May, Machinist (Marine), IndusLock Operator. Division of Schools trial Division, to Refrigeration and Air Lc Oeator. JoDephineA.vMrris, Substitute TeachConditioning Mechanic, Walter E. Kellman, Heavy Laborer, RailJosephine A. Morris, Substitute Teacher, Sylvester Rouse, Leader Maintenanceman, road Division, to Line Handler. to Elementary and Secondary School Supply Division, to Maintenanceman. Industrial Division Teacher. Jaime L. Martinez, Truck Driver (Heavy), Leticia C. NIindez, Substitute Teacher, from Motor Transportation Division. Harry E. Townsend, General Foreman MaU.S. Schools (Spanish), to Elementary Tomss .Obeso, Helper (General), indschinist (Marine), to Chief Foreman and Secondary School Teacher trial Division, to Electrical Equipment Machinist (Marine). Yolanda V. Kelson, Substitute Teacher, Repairman. Carlos Grenard, Package Boy, Supply Latin American Schools, to Elementary Jos6 E. Ovalle, Laborer (Heavy), from Division, to General Helper. Teacher, Latin American Schools. Locks Division, OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION HEALTH BUREAU John B. Morton, Jr., Accountant, AccountBubert BPoLucila C. Rivera, Staff Nurse, to Staff ing Division, to Accounting Policies and Hubert B. Pryor, COCtruction Inspector Nurse (Nedicine and Surgery), Coco Solo Procedures Staff. (General) to Supervisory Construction. Inspector (General), Contract and InHospital. Accounting Division spection Division. Gorgas Hospital George T. Darnall, Jr., General Engineer Eustaquio Herrera, Laborer (Cleaner) to Shirley C. Havasi, Jane E. Pauk, Staff (Estimates), Engineering Division, to Surveying Aid, Engineering Division. Nurse, to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Valuation Engineer (General). Dredging Division Surgery). Helen A. Adams, Clerk-Stenographer, AdJames E. Hayden, James M. Walsh, Master, Henry V. Ross, Medical Equipment Repairinistrative Branch, to Accounting TechTowboat or Ferry, from Navigation man, to Inspector (Hospital Medical nician. Division. Equipment). Dora W. Ung, Sales Clerk, Supply DiviJames N. Duffus, Charles R. Gibson, ElecRaimundo Vergara, Hospital Attendant, to sion, to Accounting Technician. trician, to Leader Electrician (Lineman). Ward Service Aid. Howard Greeii, Leader Navigational Aid SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Nlaintenanceman, to Leader NMainteMARINE BUREAU BUREAU nancenii (Distribution Systems). Navigation Division ..v. Joseph B. Atkinson, Pablo C. Romero, Drummond McNaughton, Master, Towboat Supply Dision Lascelle F. Williams, Navigational Aid or Ferry (Pilot Trainee), to Pilot-inFlorence N1. Burns, Accounting Clerk, to MIaintenancemnan, to Ntaintenanceman Training. Accounting Assistant. (Distribntion Systems). Edgar R. McCollin, Heavy Laborer, to Nlauricio J. Lovell, Clerk-Typist, to Supply Nathaniel Brown, Leonard NV. McBean, Launch Seaman. Clerk (Sales; Typing). George Murray, Hubert Tilley, Israel Gerardo Davidson, Heavy Laborer, MainSamuel D. Toppin, Leader MaintenanceWatkins, Navigational Aid Worker, to tenance Division, to Deckhand. man, from Navigation Division. Iaintenanceman (Distribution Systems), Manuel S. Ponce, Leader Heavy Laborer, Jorge T. Vasquez, Laborer, Dredging DiviLunis C. Fields, Leader (General), to Leader toLaeJaneac a.oge To aboer, (Laer).rdin ii Maintenanceman (Distribution Systems). sion, to Laborer (Cleaner). Walter N. Babb, Vivian L. Osavio, from Locks Division Community Services Division Navigational Aid Worker, to NavigaArthur J. O'Donnell, Lead Foreman (Locks Arthur C. Payne, Housing Project Assistant tional Aid Naintenanceman. Control House), to General Foreman (Assistant Manager, Cristobal Housing Miguel A. Garcia, Ruben E. Sandoval, (Lock Operations). (fsist) tanistr, ri es Assisg Oiler (Floating Plaiit), from Navigation Clifford S. Asbury, Lead Foreman (Lokt 1ill n Operations), to General Foreman (Lock ant. Pedro Osses, Ielper (General), to Fireman Operations). Nelson Marquinez, Laborer, from Dredg(FLatig Plant). Albert B. Abreu, Arnold W. Jackson, ing Division. Joseph N. James, Ramp Operator, NavigaLeader Lock Operator (Electrician), to Marcelino Urena, Laborer, to Heavy tien Division, to 1lper (General). Lead Foreman (Locks Control House). Laborer. 14 DECEMBER 7, 1962

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TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU 'AFET Augustus Lemon, Truck Driver, to Heavy Truck Driver, Motor Transportation Division. Nicolis E. Calder6n, Laborer, to Helper For, A gainst Carman (Woo)d and Steel), Railroad Division. Terminals Division Jan Mirrop, Leader Liquid Fuels Wharfman, to Liquid Fuels Dispatcher. Alburt Watson, Winchman, to Leadero r Nua l Stevedore (Ship). Leonardo Velarde, Dock Worker, to Stevedore. IS SAFETY a waste of time? organized Safety over the past 50 years Marcus Aird, Edward J. Atherton, Cargo What, if anything, has an organized -yars in which thcre were fantastic Clerk, to Cargo Control Clerk. e in.rases in automobile trap s factor John R. Burnham, Package Boy, Supply safety effort really a mp dcha tin, population, and hore Division, to Cargo Marker. improving the American way of life F61ix~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Rs LaoeDegn iiin weship. Fdtos Laboer, Dredging Division, These are questions which might well Tr c-D ite fantastic increases in Josd Sosa, Milker, Supply Division, to Dock be asked by the American public after tra-el death rates have come steadily Worker. having taken a stand for, and supported, down. OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not M iles Death involve changes of title: Vehicles Traveled Death Rate' Joseph L. Hickey, General Engineer, in1921 1 million 550 billion 13,900 25 dustrial Division. Herbert A. Greene, Jr., Admeasurer, Navi1946 34 million 341 billion 33,411 10 gation Division. 1961 76 million 735 billion 38,000 5 George H. Moore, Time, Leave, and PayI Deaths per 100 million miles traveled. roll Clerk, Accounting Division. Robert G. Orvis, Marine Traffic Controller, Home-In 1912 there were 21 million Despite this, accidental work deaths Navigation Division. homes, and an estimated 26,000 to decreased from an estimated 18,000Juan J. Saint ,Falo, Cartographic Con"28,000 persons were killed in home 20,000 to 13,000, and the death rate pilation Aid, Engineering Division. Mario Pezzoti, Service Center Supervisor, accidents. per 100,000 population topped from Supply Division. By 1961, the number of homes had 21 to Luis E. De Le6n, Bookkeeping Machine more than doubled, to 54 million, but From these brief statistics can be Operator, Office of the Comptroller. accidental deaths still totaled only drawn a number of conclusions as to Jorge Hernandez, Surveying Aid, Engineer26,500 and the death rate was lowerel what benefits have resulted from safety, ing Division. 46 percent (from 28 per 100,000 to But probably the most thought-provok15 per 100,000). ing fact embodied in these statistics is Public-Despite a population increase that there are literally hundreds of of nearly 100 percent since 1912, and an thousands of men, women, and children Tankers' Size explosion" in many forms of recreaalive today, making valuable contribution, accidental deaths in public places tions to our national effort, to society, H as D oubled decreased almost 50 percent by 1961 and to American home life who would (from an estimated 28,000-30,000 down not even have been born if their parents to 16,500), as the death rate decreased had allowed themselves to become acciOCEAN TANKERS' average size 50 percent from 30 percent per 100,000 dent statistics during the past 50 years. doubled in a period of 10 years. This is to 9 percent per 100,000. It is not at all unlikely that you and I are because unit cost of tanker transportaWork-The work force not only among that fortunate group. If we are, tion (both building and operating costs) doubled from 1912 to 1961, but it so are our children and, in turn, so will tends to decrease as size of the vessel produced four times as much goods. their children he who are to come, increases-up to a point. For example, cost of carrying crude oil from the Caribbean to Western Europe is cut ACCI .DEN S approximately in half if 47,000-ton supertankers are used instead of the pom 16,600-ton T-2 tankers of wartime fame. Above about 70,000 tons incenTHIS MONTH tive to build larger ships levels off, as QUIET AND EI PA 0CEK0 potential economies are smaller. And, FIRST AID HOSPITAL of course, the larger the vessel, the THIS YEAR ZONE fewer the ports open to her. Lloyd's Register of Shipping now lists 11 tankers with beams of 116% feet or OCTOBER more, ranging up to 133 feet 5 inches. Panama Canal lock chamber vidth is '62 '61 '62 -Ci '62 '61 110 feet. Length of these super-tankers ALL UNITS 234 261 7 11 288 3178 ranges up to nearly 950 feet and deadYEAR TO DATE 2451 3049(699) 103 111(4) 8516 18538(95 weight tonnage up to 104,520 tons. ( ) Locka Overhaul injurie included in total. TiE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

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Ships' Names Match TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING An expected Christmas Eve arrival VESSELS IN OCTOBER will be the Zeider Kruis, on a round-the Theme of Christmas world cruise. Another arrival close to 1962 1961 Christmas -will be the Moore-McCorCHRISTMAS ARRIVALS in the Canal Commercial .882 935 mack line SS Argentina, due to arrive couldn't have been more appropriate if U.S. Government. 17 20 at Cristobal December 27 at 8 a.m. Free .9 2 they had been planned. The Northern --The State of Maine, the Maine MariStar, a 1,400 passenger liner in roundTotal .908 957 time Academy's schoolship, commanded the-world service, will arrive at Balboa TOLLS by Capt. A. F. Coffin, is due to visit December 23 and will transit DecemCommercial .$4,412,721 $4,647,565 Cristobal and Balboa January 25 to ber 24. The SS Jerusalem will berth U.S. Government 56,964 82,336 January 28. The State of Maine, prior in Cristobal after the Northern Star to entering a sea career as a schoolship, transits. Total. .S4,469,685 $4,729,900 was the former Panama Line SS Ancon. Christmas time will mark the second CARGO** The SS Elizabethport, a new 630-foot time the Northern Star visits the Canal. Commercial. .4,890,308 5,284,258 jumbo container ship operated by SeaThe new Shaw, Savill liner came here U.S. Government 19,973 65,050 Land Service, Inc., whose route took on her maiden voyage September 12. Free. .51,676 3,901 her through the Panama Canal on a The Northern Star carries no cargo. The T voyage from Newark, N.J., to Long liner is completely air-conditioned and Total. .4,961,957 5,353,209 Beach and Oakland, Calif., inaugurated is equipped with closed-circuit teleIncludes tolls on all vessels. cean-going and small, the first intercoastal container ship trade -h,, *Cargo figures are in long tons. tefrtitrcatlcnanrsi rd vision m the public rooms. En route to and the United States' most revoluthe Panama Canal, the Northern Star tionary freight lift (truck-sea-truck) in will round the Cape at South Africa, many years. The vessel, a former T-2 and will have visited Australia and New sengers. The ship has an outdoor pool, tank ship, was the first ship to be Zealand, said W. Andrews & Co., local a movie theater, a duty-free shopping jumboized at a shipyard in the port of agents for the liner. center, two dance orchestras, and live Nev York. The SS Jerusalem of the Zim Lines entertainment. Ninety-five percent of The Todd Shipyards Corp.'s Hoboken will visit Cristobal December 26 on a the cabins are outside ones. plant performed the extensive jumbo13-day Christmas-New Year cruise of The SS Jerusalem is to dock at 7 a.m. izing and conversion operation, which seven Caribbean ports. The fully airDecember 26 and will depart at 4 p.m. involved remoinng the center portion of conditioned liner, which will sail from that day, according to wordthe vessel and then fitting the bow the Port of Miami, carries 350 pasthe United Fruit Co., the local agents. and stern sections to a new 417-foot German-built midbody. FERRYBOATS have been a familiar Canal Zone sight the past 30 years as they traveled back and forth between the east and west banks of the Canal, prior to the opening of the $20 million Thatcher Ferry Bridge. But a ferryboat transiting the Canal from south to north merited second and third looks by ferryboat fans. The unusual Canal customer was the Carquinez, traveling with the tug Capt. Lew S. Russell, Jr., en route from Portland, Oreg., to Jacksonville, Fla. The Carquinez is larger than the Panama Canal's former sister ferryboats Presidente Ainador and President Roosevelt, an overall length of 125 feet. The Carquinez measures 180 feet and is 67% feet wide. The tug towing the Carquinez is 149 feet long and 33 feet wide. The ferryboat and tug docked at Pier 15 for engine repairs, water, and fuel Commuter craft's first trip long one. before the Canal transit. 16 DECEMBER 7, 1962

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Date Due Due Returned Due Returned G OZ5_ _ __ _ _

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 04820 4829

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u