Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text















UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES



















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/detaiIs/panamacanalrevie134pana





PANAMA CANAL


Dbi, L...


IN THIS ISSUE
On-Farm Training
New Crosswalk Guards
Diamond Jubilee
Dedication Scenes


~J


T!







ROBERT J. FLEMING, JR., Governor-President
W. P. LEBER, Lieutenant Governor
WILL AREY
Panama Canal Information Officer


Official Panama Canal Publication
Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z.


Publications Editors
ROBERT D. KERR and JULIO E. BRICErO
Editorial Assistants
EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BITTEL, and TOMAS A. CUPAS


On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights. C.Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights. C.Z.


Proclamation

WHEREAS the people of the Republic of Panama
observe the 59th anniversary of their independence
on November 3, 1962; and
WHEREAS the continued understanding and
friendship between the peoples of the Republic of
Panama and the Canal Zone set an example of
harmony for the rest of the world; and
WHEREAS it is a desire of the Canal Zone to give
due recognition to the vital role played in operation
of the Panama Canal by Panamanians, now and in
the past; and
WHEREAS the people of the Canal Zone join in
the aspirations of their neighbors in Panama for a
way of life which promises increased political,
spiritual, cultural, and economic well-being and
which are so vital for the growth of democratic
society;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Robert J. Fleming, Jr.,
Governor of the Canal Zone, do hereby invite all
the people of the Canal Zone to take part in
celebrating with Panama the 59th anniversary of her
independence on November 3, 1962.
I request all agencies of the Panama Canal to
encourage, foster and participate in the observance.
I especially encourage our schools, libraries, churches
and religious bodies, civic, service and patriotic
organizations, and our learned and professional
societies to participate in the observance as appro-
priate, all to the end of enriching our knowledge and
appreciation of the history of the neighboring
Republic.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, 1 have hereunto
set my hand and caused the seal of the
Canal Zone to be affixed at Balboa Heights,
Canal Zone this 18th day of October, 1962.




Governor.
By the Governor:



Executive Secretary.


6 oute of Jii tory

CELEBRATION on November 3 of the 59th anniversary of the
founding of the Republic of Panama provides an opportune time to
take note of other important dates in the history of the Isthmus, from
the time Rodrigo de Bastidas discovered Panama in 1501 to the
present day.
Among the many other dates spotlighting the route of Isthmian
history from the time of the first visits are the following:
1502-Christopher Columbus explored the Atlantic Coast of the
Isthmus, attempted to found Belen, but was prevented from doing so
by hostile Indians.
1508-Panama first was called "Tierra Firme" and "Castilla del Oro."
1510-The first city populated by Europeans on American soil, Santa
Maria la Antigua, was founded in Darien.
1513-Vasco Nufiez de Balboa and Martin Samudio were elected
the first mayors on American soil; Fray Juan de Quevedo was named
First Catholic Bishop in America; Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean
on September 25.
1519-Panama, first European settlement founded on the Pacific
coast of Isthmus, was established on August 15.
1520-First City Council (Cabildo) was established on American
soil, at Santa Maria la Antigua in Darien.
1521-Charles V granted Panama City charter and Coat of Arms.
1538-Royal Audiencia of Panama was created by Spanish Crown,
with jurisdiction to Nicaragua in the north and Argentina to the south,
and including Cartagena, Peru, and Chile; first transcontinental
highway, Panama to Portobelo, was built.
1671-Pirate Henry Morgan pillaged Panama City and inhabitants
put city to the torch.
1673-Panama City rebuilt 6 miles away from old site.
1698-Patterson established ill-fated Scottish settlement on Northern
coast of Darien Province.
1821-Panama declared its independence from Spain, joining Union
formed by Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
1826-First Inter-American Congress held in Panama City.
1830, 1831, and 1840-Panama frees self from Colombia and becomes
a sovereign State but rejoins Colombia again each time.
1855-First trans-continental railroad in America inaugurated in
Panama on January 28.
1880-French began unsuccessful attempt to build a Canal.
1903-Panama seceded from Colombia on November 3 and became
an independent Republic.
1904-United States started building the Panama Canal.
1914-Panama Canal opened to traffic.
1936-First revision of Panama-United States Canal Treaty effected.
1955-Revised Canal Treaty negotiated between Panama-United
States.
1962-Opening of a high level bridge over the Canal.
Panama-United States Presidents appoint representatives to explore
possible Treaty modifications.


NOVEMBER 2, 1962




kyrr


-U-
Manuel Guardia, left, and Rigoberto Quijada check
mechanization for "bossy."


I
I S

rI


PANAMANIANS


GET TRAINING


AT MINDI

THREE YOUNG Panamanians return to their agricultural
studies at the National Institute of Agriculture at Divisa
next week after several weeks of learning by doing at the
Mindi Farm on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus.
Manuel Guardia of La Pintada and Rigoberto Quijada
of Penonome are spending 6 weeks at the farm, while,
Cesar Alvarez is spending 5 weeks, having arrived a week
after the others.
During recent weeks they've been checked out on
hand milking, machine milking, general sanitation, milk-
room handling, pasteurization plant operation and bottling.
Along the route they've had on-the-job contact with such
diverse items as pouring of proper cement flooring, vac-
cination, tractor and bulldozer operation, fencing, record-
keeping, and study of grasses-including baling and
personal contact from the business end of a pitchfork.
(See next page)


Dr. Paul H. Dowell, Mindi Farm manager, explains advantages of
lime-coated floors: bacteria, algae are killed, it's non-skid, and
inexpensive.


Trainees peer into huge bulk milk cooler.


And the boys show calf how it's done.


Dr. Dowell shows how needle is prepared.


FC~-a1



























Leon S. Willa, milk plant manager, at graphs showing tempera
milk is heated to, how long it's held at that level.


Bulk raw milk arrives in these.


Joint goals of the Divisa school and
Mind Farm are continued improvement
of sources of supply at farm level and
constantly widening spread of knowl-
edge of sanitation and processing prac-
tices to maintain adequate quality.
The Divisa school has been operating
a general agricultural course 8 years. In
recent years it has included on-the-job
training at ranches and farms many
S places on the Isthmus, with Mindi as
one of these.
Mr. Guardia and Mr. Quijada got
off to a fast start at Mindi. They helped
deliver a calf the day they arrived. Their
milking machine duties are not just
operational; they also learned to tear
down and repair the equipment. They
nature learned to throw and tie a horse, and
the best methods for restraining bulls
or cows, with least injury to the animal
and themselves.
The trainees live in family-type quar-
ters in Gatun, eat at the farm with a
farm family and, while learning and
doing, receive a token salary to cover
food and transportation costs and give
them a little spending money.
Two other young Panamanian dairy-
men have taken the same course. These
two are Alfredo Orange of Santiago and
Juan Manuel Peralta of Chitre.
Alfredo Orange has been working
since February 1962 as chief of milk
production for the La Estrella sugar
company in Aguadulee.
He showed signs of leadership from
early youth, and now has 60 employees
under his orders. His supervisors are
very satisfied with his work, for he has
shown great efficiency.



Tied up like Christmas package, horse not worried.
He nibbled grass.








Ven c4re AFo F e ciiSTned


TRAFFIC STOPPERS


CANAL ZONE motorists are accus-
tomed to slowing, or coming to a halt,
when approaching a crosswalk. In the
near future, astonished motorists may
need a shove to remind them to move on.
For, instead of a member of the Canal
Zone's finest keeping peak traffic and
pedestrians on the go, the traffic is to be
directed by crosswalk women guards.
Ten women are to be assigned in the
Balboa Cristobal districts communities.
They will not be policewomen, but will
be under Canal Zone police supervision
and police trained.
The crosswalk guards will be from
.21 to 50 years of age, and must be able
to read and speak English. Physical
fitness, mental alertness, I year general
office experience, or I year's completed
studies at a business school or junior
college, and moral soundness will be
other requirements.
While on duty, the crosswalk women
guards will wear dacron-and-wool skirts
of the same material and color as the
Canal Zone policemen's shirts, and
white dacron-and-cotton blouses. The
outfit will be completed with a natty
overseas type cap of the same material
as the skirt.
Each crossing guard will wear mini-
ature chrome badges, similar to the
Canal Zone police guard badges, on
shirt and cap, and each will have a
round shoulder patch bearing the Canal
Zone seal.
With the employment of crosswalk
women guards, the Canal Zone is join-
ing important cities in the United States,
where women have been employed on
crosswalk traffic duty for some time.
The new look on the crosswalks of the
Canal Zone comes about as a follow-up
of a recommendation made by J. wV.
Kelly, executive secretary to the mayor
of Kansas City, Mo., when he visited
the Isthmus in March 1958.
At present the only uniformed women
who work with the Canal Zone Police
Division are the matrons at Gatun
Prison for women and juveniles.
Interested and qualified applicants
should contact Canal Zone Police Head-
quarters, Civil Affairs Building, during
office hours.
Employment will be part time and
will be for about 20 hours each week,
during school terms.


-I


A


Mrs. Frances Hunnicutt models one of the
new uniforms. She's secretary to Chief
E. S. Shipley of the Police Division of the
Panama Canal.


THE TIME when prisoners sat in cells
and marked off the days on the walls is
past. New practices in criminology and
penology are constantly improving the
rehabilitation chances of men who have
been convicted of crimes.
Men and women have been taken out
of the roles of mere guards and given
the responsibilities of counsellors, offer-
ing guidance and help to those under
their care.
A relatively small penal institution,
like the Canal Zone Prison at Gatun
has the opportunity to give special
attention to those people who need help
and want it. In addition to the wood-


Self-Help


Stressed


At Prison


shop, where the inmates are allowed to
do constructive work, and the extensive
grounds used for fruit growing and
recreation, Gatun Prison has instituted
a special program geared toward im-
proving the educational background of
the prisoners.
The program was first started more
than 6 years ago when Eloise Games,
of the teaching staff of Rainbow City
Elementary School, volunteered to con-
duct classes at the prison in Gatun.
Instruction was given I hour weekly
in Spanish on school subjects consistent
with the educational level and ability
of the inmates, following the Canal Zone
Latin American school curriculum.
The program was expanded to classes
on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays
from 1 to 3 p.m. under a teacher
assigned by the Canal Zone Division
of Schools and now has been extended
even further to the hours of 7:30 to
9:30 a.m. Monday through Friday under
the direction of Mrs. Yvonne Frederick
Wood for the male prisoners. One-half
hour classes are held daily for the
women prisoners who wish to attend.
"No inmate is forced to attend these
classes, but I can't remember any who
have refused to go," says Sgt. George
A. Martin, sergeant-in-charge at the
Gatun Prison. The boys look forward to
the hours in classes and many of them
who could only make an "X" for their
names and couldn't even tell time when
they entered the prison soon could do
both-and more as their educational
levels were raised.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







Panama


Fire Brigade
PANAMA'S FIRE BRIGADE, founded
75 years ago with two small hand-
engines, today is proudly referred to
by fellow firefighters in the Canal
Zone as "one of the best volunteer fire
departments in the world."
So high is the prestige of Panama's
firefighters on the continent that they
have been invited to organize similar
fire departments in Colombia, Nicara-
gua, and Venezuela, as well as assisting
in organization of such units elsewhere
in Latin America.
Today the fire brigade possesses
modern equipment, but the early Pan-
ama firefighters had to surmount one
difficulty after another. Chief problem
was lack of water, for Panama City in
the 1880's had no aqueduct and, as one
historian states, "either by unhappy
coincidence or by the calculation of
criminals, fires always seemed to occur
during the hours of low tide so that it
was almost impossible to obtain suffi-
cient ocean water to combat the flames."
Finances posed almost as great a

View of the disastrous San Miguel area fire
in Panama City. The flames leveled three
blocks of dwellings. Canal Zone fire truck
can be seen in background.


problem as water, for the fire brigade
was supported mainly by contributions
from businessmen.
In Panama City, with reorganization
of the firefighters and election of David
H. Brandon as Commander in 1903,
matters took a turn for the better. Com-
mander Brandon's first action was
toward supplying the city with water
through construction of large reservoirs.
While the greater part of the fire brigade
still was formed by volunteers, per-
manent guards were established in
barracks in several quarters of the city.


Marks
The Colon fire department owes its
origin to a disastrous fire on March 31,
1885, when the city was entirely con-
sumed, with the exception of the build-
ings of the Panama Railroad, the French
Canal Company, and the Pacific Mail
Steamship Line. The loss was estimated
at $6 million and 10,000 persons
were left shelterless. As a result, the
Colombian Government authorized
organization of a fire brigade.
The 1885 fire was started by a group
of insurgents at the outset of a so-called
"revolution." The insurgents arrested
Mr. Wright, the American consul; Cap-
tain Dow, the general agent of the
steamship company; the local agent,
Mr. Conner; and Lieutenant Judd and
Midshipman Richardson of the U.S.S.
Galena, then in port. During the night


Captain Kane of the U.S. warship
landed a force, and the next day Colom-
bian troops came over from Panama.
The insurgents were routed, but not
before they set fire to the town.
Panama City has had disastrous fires,
but none of the magnitude of some of
Colon's April conflagrations. "April
seems to be the month of tragedy for
the Colon fire brigade," says a history
of the corps. In fact, an April fire in
Colon which occurred in 1940 is cre-
dited with a major change in organiza-
tion of Panama firefighting forces.
Only six firemen of the permanent
fire company were on duty in Colon on
April 13, 1940 when a fire was reported
in a 30-year-old wooden house on 6th
Street in the Atlantic terminal city.
A general alarm was sounded after a
brisk wind fanned the flames to nearby
structures. Firemen of Panama City and
the Canal Zone, as well as volunteers,
entered the battle against the flames.


Diamond


Jubilee
Canal Zone tug boats put 800 feet of
hose into use to throw up a water screen
on the blocks from Front Street to
Balboa Avenue. Dynamite was used on
burning houses on 9th, 10th, and 13th
Streets. After 7 hours' work, during


~i~Z~
C







41


which the firefighters were hampered
by panic-stricken citizens who filled the
streets by the hundreds, the fire was
brought under control. But 293 build-
ings, most of them of wood construction,
had been destroyed and the fire loss
totalled $4 million.
That conflagration was a turning
point in the history of Panama fire-
fighting, for organization of a permanent
fire department was undertaken, "with
the members to be paid a living wage."
Modern Panama City's greatest fire
tragedy, commemorated by a statue in
Fifth of May Plaza, was the explosion
on May 5, 1914, of the powder maga-
zine, then situated in the vicinity of the
old Casino. Several members of the
Cuerpo de Bomberos lost their lives and
a number of others were left invalids.
The Second Commander, Daro Valla-
rino, and Jose Thompson, one of the


Chief W. G. Dolan and William E. Jones,
former chief of the Canal Zone Fire Depart-
ment, joined Second Comandante Luis C.
Endara and group of Panama firemen
during ceremonies marking the 70th anni-
versary of the Panama brigade in 1957.

seniors in the Brigade, each lost a leg
in the catastrophe.
Throughout the 75 years of its history,
the Panama fire brigade has lived
up to its motto, "Discipline, Honor,
Self-Denial."
Besides the functions inherent to fire-
fighters, the Panama fire department
has, in national emergencies, acted as
guardian of public order. In 1931 a
political movement in Panama City,
Colon, and other areas of the Republic,
resulted in panic and chaos.
The firemen of Colon and Panama
City were called upon to establish and
maintain order in both cities. Fire-


fighters were on duty day and night
until the country returned to normal.
"Never were citizen rights and order
better guaranteed than when the men
in the red shirts served as police," stated
Panama Governor Efrain Tejada in
commending the firefighters for this
action.
As the Cuerpo de Bomberos of Pan-
ama prepare to observe the organiza-
tion's 75th anniversary this month, its
members can look with pride on the
record of service written by them and
their predecessors in combating fire and
its horrors.


RAUL ARANGO N., Panama fire chief
since April 1950.


Canal Zone fire engine joins in parade held in Panama City during Fire Prevention Week.


I
LI




"' I ',, 7 .. .

-<--r- -~ I! ^ "^^
-i ,I -- *, ,'



\ "_ "___ __-- ^--''
ii"^' <"


Ht pr e-fu ntl'l r, I uI;'l, t. Jl-j ia II.r la-.. 7 1-r, J.,ill Ir n'.rl. t 1..I bip rhi
the bridge seated in reserved area at dedication ceremonies. From left
to right, they are: Capt. George F. Hudson, a senior Canal pilot: Anthony
Poczatek, one of the many who labored on the bridge; and German
Batista, a small farmer whose products will move to market across
the bridge.


The Honorable Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the Army and Chair-
man nt the Board of the Panama Canal, poses heside memorial to lohn
F. Stevens in Balboa with John F. Stevens III, and Mrs. John U. Hlawks,
grandchildren of the Canal engineer. Mr. Ailes was the main speaker.





S *... .... ... ..... ':::
.. .. ., . .



*** 1 __ _


Pelican State steams under Thatcher Ferry Bridge to become first ocean-going vessel to pass under structure after official
dedication October 12.








flags;
here.
headed -
vwere
Brazil,
ondu-
inican
olom- V P
uador,
emala, A number n( Isthmian oldtimers made a partial transit of the Canal and shared a buffet aboard
Las Cruces during the dedication weekend.

Approximately 2,500 Isthmian residents gathered in Balboa for dedication of Stevens Circle on October t3.


Maurice II. Thatcher snips ribbon opening bridge, as Governor rlemmg,
Frank A. Baldwin, and many of those attending ceremonies watch.


IN THE SCENES...


AND BEHIND THEM


THE DEDICATION of Thatcher Ferry
Bridge and Stevens Circle last month
involved many people and events which
escaped public notice in the press of
more urgent "news." A lew of these
events and some of the people involved
in them are presented on these pages.
This month's cover picture also in-
volves a group which participated in the
dedication ceremonies for Thatcher
Ferry Bridge, but of which only minor
note was taken at the time of the event.


Thie picture shows members of the
american Round Table displaying
of various countries in the hemispl
Flags displayed by the group, h'
by Ester de Boutaud as president,
of Panama, the United States, I
Bolivia, Canada, El Salvador, H
ras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Dom
Republic, Uruguay, Venezuela, C
bia, Paraguay, Argentina, Ecu
Costa Rica, Haiti, Chile, Guate
and Peru.


Ferryboat President Boosevelt moves through locks on way to Gamboa
after being removed from service in wake of bridge opening.

Several hundred guests from the Atlantic side traveled across the Isthmus
aboard special trains during the 2 days of events.


Josephus Liverpool, president of the Canal Zone Betired Workers
Association, and Karl Curtis of Camboo, both construction-era Canal
employees, watch dedication of Stevens Circle from speaker's stand.







PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

September 5 through October 5


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between September 5 and
October 5 are listed here. Vithin-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
not listed:
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
William S. Wigg, from Management Tech-
nician to Supervisory Management Tech-
nician.
Cleveland C. Soper, from Photographer,
Information Office, Canal Zone Guide
Service, to Photographic Laboratory
Technician.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Rudolph R. Beatty, Clerk-Typist, from In-
dustrial Division to Fire Division.
Fitardo A. Henry, from Kitchen Attendant
to Cook, Customs Division.
Postal Division
Dick R. Brandom, from Clerk-in-Charge,
City Division, Balboa, to Finance Branch
Superintendent.
Donald H. Secrest, from Window Clerk
to Relief Supervisor, Cristobal.
Division of Schools
Mildred S. Rowe, from Substitute Teacher
and Visiting Teacher to Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher.
Martha Mh. Browder, Jane A. Gruver, Mary
F. Harmon, Rosario R. Maymi, Janice
C. Pitts, Sara H. Platt, Rosalie A. Rowell,
from Substitute Teacher to Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher.
Carlos A. Vaz, Jr., from Elementary and
Secondary School Teacher, Latin Amer-
ican Schools, to Senior High Principal,
Latin American Schools.
Ana T. Bennett, from Elementary and Sec-
ondary School Teacher, Latin American
Schools, to Elementary Teacher-Prin-
cipal, Latin American Schools.
Janet A. Marshall, from Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Senior High
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Millicent F. Forcheney, from Substitute
Teacher, Latin American Schools, to
Elementary Teacher, Latin American
Schools.
Nora D. Brown, Kathleen D. Stromberg.
from Student Aid to Recreation Assistant
(Sports).
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Mary T. Herring, from Student Assistant,
Contract and Inspection Division, to
Clerk-Typist, Balboa Bridge Project.
Dredging Division
Katherine G. Ileadrick, from Clerk-Stenog-
rapher to Accounting Clerk (Stenog-
raphy).
Rosemary D. Reardon, from Supervisory
Clerical Assistant to Accounting Assist-
ant.
Klaus Reichert, from Seaman, to Launch
Captain.
Manuel Macias, from Seaman to Winch-
man.
Adolfo C. Quintero, from Winchman to
Leader Seaman.
Domingo Mufioz, from Boatman to Sea-
man.
Laureano Hidalgo, Crist6bal Torres, from
Railroad Trackman, Railroad Division,
to Bnatman.


Dionisio De Le6n, from Grounds Main-
tenance Equipment Operator, Com-
munity Services Division, to Boatman.
Guillermo L6pez, from Laborer Cleaner to
Boatman.
Agustin Torres, from Heavy Laborei, Pan-
ama Local Agency, to Helper Core Drill
Operator.
Electrical Division
Howard E. Munro, from Power System
Dispatcher to Chief Power System
Dispatcher.
Norman C. Anderson, from Shift Engineer
(Mechanical) to Test Operator-Foreman
(Mechanical-Power System).
Cosme Morales, from Laborer Cleaner to
Helper Cable Splicer.
Francisco A. Estrada, from Pinsetter,
Supply Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Mary N. Sanders, Clerk-Typist, from Coco
Solo Hospital.
Maintenance Division
H6ctor NM. De Souza, from Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning Plant Operator to
Electrical Equipment Repairman.
Alfonso D. Gittens, from Laborer to Leader
Laborer Cleaner.
Isidro Avila, Evert NM. Plato, from Laborer
to Heavy Laborer.
Joseph F. Shea, Engineman (Hoisting and
Portable) from Motor Transportation
Division.
Elbert T. Chappell, Jr., Velder, from In-
dustrial Division.
HEALTH BUREAU
Gorgas Hospital
Margaret R. Goulet, from Staff Nurse,
Medicine and Surgery, to Staff Nurse,
Operating Room.
Carol J. Smith, from Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse, Obstetrics.
Jeanene K. Zimmerman, from Voucher
Examiner, Supply Division, to Clerk-
Typist.
Joseph D. Buendia, from Ward Service
Aid to Nursing Assistant, Medicine and
Surgery.
Corozal Hospital
Mary E. Ausnehmer, from Staff Nurse,
Medicine and Surgery, to Head Nurse,
Psychiatry.
Lloyd G. Wilson, from Bell Boy and Special
\Vaiter, Supply Division, to Nursing
Assistant, Psychiatry.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
William NM. Brown, from Wood and Steel
Carman, Railroad Division, to Marine
Traffic Controller.
Walter J. Williams, from Laborer Cleaner,
Division of Schools, to Heavy Laborer.
Industrial Division
M. Lucille Behre, from Clerk-Typist, Divi-
sion of Preventive Medicine and Quaran-
tine, to Stock Control Clerk.
Earl A. Escalona, from General Helper to
Toolroom Attendant.
Locks Division
Oliver II. Hendrickson, Joseph H. Young,
from Leader Lock Operator Machinist
to Lead Foreman Lock Operations.
Kenneth F. Millard, from Electrician, Elec-
trical Division, to Lock Operator Elec-
trician.


Baldur Norman, from Lock Operator Car-
penter to Lead Foreman Carpenter.
Kenneth P. Scanlon, from Machinist to
Lock Operator Machinist.
Hortensio Gutierrez, from Maintenance
Painter to Painter.
Cleveland Bennett, Dudley Francis, Emi-
liano Mares, from Line Handler to Main-
tenance Painter.
Robert J. King, Clerk-Typist, from Gorgas
Hospital.
Joseph L. Findlay, Gilberto Morales,
Samuel Walker, from Line Handler to
Helper Lock Operator.
Dodson Hinds, from Line Handler to
Messenger.

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Accounting Division
Louis C. Caldwell, from Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk to Accounting Technician.
Myron A. Schroeder, from Accountant to
Staff Accountant.
Burton F. Mead, from Voucher Examiner
to Accounting Technician.
Pauline L. Blais, Lucille D. Van Riper,
from Accounting Technician to Voucher
Examiner.
Fulvio Terin, Training Instructor, Con-
versational Spanish, from Office of the
Governor-President.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
Community Services Division
Alejandro G6mez, Diego Martinez, Lab-
orer, from Dredging Division.
Eduardo D. Armas, Jose Del C. Moran,
Francisco Pinz6n, from Laborer to
Grounds Maintenance Equipment Oper-
ator.
Cayetano HernAndez, from Laborer Cleaner
to Heavy Laborer.
Supply Division
Phyllis D. Powers, from Service Center
Supervisor to Accounting Assistant.
Reginald A. Carter, Ronald Chambers, Jr.,
David J. Failey, Hector J. Markland,
Newton Walker, from Commissary Serv-
ice Trainee to Meat Cutter Assistant.
Oscar Edmund, Jr., from Counter Attend-
ant to Food Service Sales Checker.
George C. Bennett, from Utility Worker to
Sales Clerk.
Roy A. Cox, Cyril E. Hewitt, Ivy F. Lewis,
from Utility Worker to Counter Attend-
ant.
Arthur NM. Butcher, Harold Hall, from
Laborer Cleaner to Utility Worker.
Morton F. Levee, from Theater Usher to
Theater Doorman.
Robert C. Husband, from Package Boy to
Heavy Laborer.
Elias Gill, from Package Boy to Laborer
Cleaner.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Terminals Division
William B. Huff, from Administrative
Assistant to Supervisory Cargo Checking
Officer.
Tomis A. Salinas, from Maintenanceman to
Leader Painter (Maintenance).
Domingo Quintero, from Line Handler to
Leader Line Handler.
Walton G. Green, Albert A. McQueen,
from Heavy Laborer to Cargo Checker.


NOVEMBER 2, 1962





Dimas Alvarado, Juan M. Arauz, Delfin
Garcia, Pedro Martinez, Humberto Ossa,
Bernab6 Saavedra, from Dock Worker
to Stevedore.
Crist6bal Cedeio, from Heavy Laborer,
Dredging Division, to Dock Worker.
Celio Cedeno, Julian Gonzalez, from
Laborer, Dredging Division, to Dock
Worker.
Leopold T. Douglas, from Line Handler to
Maintenance Painter.
Gouldbourn Lewis, from Dock Worker to
Guard.
Calixto Villarreal, from Surveying Aid,
Engineering Division, to Dock Worker.
Federico Hudson, from Laborer, Mainte-
nance Division, to Cargo Marker.
Alberto Mufioz, from General Helper,
Maintenance Division, to Dock Worker.
Motor Transportation Division
Paul R. Kuyoth, from Supervisory Trans-
portation Operations Officer (Motor)
(Chief, Southern District) to Motor
Transportation Operations Officer (Chief,
Southern District).
Maurice L. McCullough from Super-
visor Transportation Operations Officer
(Motor) (Chief, Northern District) to
Motor Transportation Operations Office
(Chief, Northern District).
Elsie E. Yates, from Clerk-Stenographer to
Clerical Assistant (Stenography).
Cecile C. Marceau, from Clerk-Stenog-
rapher to Secretary (Stenography).
Michael A. Shan, from Accounting Clerk
to Clerk.
Clifford E. Bovell, Victor H. Hines, from
Helper Automotive Mechanic (Body and
Fender) to Glazier (Limited).
OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not
involve changes of title follow:
Paul J. Coleman, Valuation Engineer (Gen-
eral), Accounting Division.
Norbert M. Schommer, Supervisory Ac-
countant (Chief, Budget and Statistics
Section), Office of General Manager,
Supply Division.
Gerard L. Lavigne, Industrial Engineer
(General), Industrial Division.
Thomas J. Dwyer, Leon N. Sharpensteen,
Leon T. Williams, Admeasurer, Naviga-
tion Division.
George A. Black, Jr., Supervisory Account-
ing Assistant, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion.
James D. Dunaway, Finance Branch Super-
intendent, Postal Division.
George H. Moore, Time, Leave, and Pay-
roll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Grace E. MacVittie, General Claims Exam-
iner, General Audit Division, Claims
Branch.
Joseph J. Wood, Jr., Graduate Intern (Ad-
ministrative Services), Administrative
Branch.
Marie D. Quinn, Medical Radiology Tech-
nician (Diagnosis), Gorgas Hospital.
George B. Erskine, Raymond D. Parker,
Accounting Clerk, Motor Transportation
Division.
Ricardo A. Honeywell, Clerk, Customs
Division.
Marcus M. Smith, File Clerk, Gorgas Hos-
pital.
Harold G. Fergus, Utility Worker, Supply
Division.
Charles C. James, Utility Worker, Customs
Division.


-


A gob of this and a touch of that. It may be a work of art. Mrs. H. M. Armistead, center,
seems pleased as she watches pupils Gail Harrison, Nancy Burns, Jim Young, Jenise
McDaniel, and Gene Benson as they work on their ceramics projects in the basement
of her Balboa house.


Potterying, Not Puttering


"THE POTTERY. Jump in and have
fun with us."
This is the sign on the workshop door.
And the sign really means what it says.
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Armistead, who
live on Barnabv Street in Balboa, are
like pied pipers.
Everyone from the maid to the little
kids down the street to the older mem-
bers of the community can be found
most any time working with clay in
various stages of its development into
ashtrays, dishes, vases, pitchers, or
figures.
Regular classes are held Friday
evenings from 7 to 10, officially, but


often the members of the class work
far into the night if they "really get
wrapped up in something."
Mrs. Armistead became interested in
ceramics during college where she
also worked in sculpture. "We first
started to learn about ceramics from the
books in the library, and then to find
out if we were really interested in it,
we took a course from Vada Pence who
lived in Balboa but has since retired
and now is in the States." Since then,
they have had their basement converted
into a work area and storage space
complete with two kilns, one of which
was constructed by Mr. Armistead.


RETIREMENTS


PAMANA CANAL employees who
retired in September, with the positions
they held at the time of retirement and
their years of service with the Canal
organization are:
Louis W. Chenis, cement finisher, Main-
tenance Division; 40 years, 16 days.
Santiago C6rdoba C., stevedore, Terminals
Division; 22 years, 11 months, 5 days.
Kenneth MI. Edwards, general foreman lock
operator, Locks Division; 28 years,
4 months, 6 days.
Raymond L. Harvey, auto machinist, Motor
Transportation Division; 16 years, 5
months, 21 days.
Robert E. Howell. helper wood and steel
carman, Railroad Division; 47 years,
3 months, 17 days.
Philibert J. Jeanmarie, letterpress pressman,
Printing Plant, Administrative Branch;


38 years, 5 months, 27 days.
Gonzalez Joseph, chauffeur, Motor Trans-
portation Division; 39 years, 2 months,
24 days.
Daniel Lawrence, helper machinist, Rail-
road Division; 20 years, 9 months, 15
days.
Henri E. Moehrke, chief engineer, towboat
or ferry, Dredging Division; 29 years,
15 days.
William R. Simmons, cement finisher,
Maintenance Division; 34 years, 3
months, 6 days.
Henslee S. Smith. police private, Police
Division; 1 year, 11 months.
Ashton B. Spence, deckhand, Navigation
Division; 10 years, 8 months, 21 days.
Stewart P. Trail, police captain, Police
Division; 26 years, 4 months.
Robert E. Welborn, fire lieutenant, Fire
Division; 18 years, 1 month, 7 days.


THE PANAMA CANAL REV1EW


44-1







CANAL



HISTORY

50 yearJ cgo
PANAMA CANAL toll rates were an-
nounced in a proclamation by President
William Howard Taft of the United
States on November 13, half a century
ago. Merchant vessels carrying pas-
sengers or cargo were to be charged on
the basis of actual earning capacity.
Vessels in ballast were to be charged
40 percent less than the rate for vessels
with passengers or cargo.
The largest force in the Canal's
history, 40,159 persons, was at work on
the Canal and railroad at the end of
November 1912. The personnel figure
included 3,499 men employed by the
contractors on the lock gates and similar
work, and the development of the lock
machinery under the Assistant Chief
Engineer of the Panama Canal.
The contract for the manufacture and
construction of two 56-foot gate leaves
and anchorages complete for the new
drydoek at Balboa was awarded to the
McClintic-Marshall Construction Co.,
the only firm that submitted a bid. The
contract called for manufacture of the
leaves, the assembly of one of them at
the company's shops, and the erection
of the gate complete in 425 days for
$110,000.
The grand total of Canal excavation
to November 1 was 182,991,045 cubic
yards, leaving 29,235,955 cubic yards,
or a little less than one-sixth of the entire
amount necessary for the completed
Canal to be excavated.

25 year c4go
"BOYCOTT JAPAN" posters were
being issued free by one of the Panama
newspapers as part of a campaign to
"aid China in her brave fight against a
ruthless invader," the paper said. The
Canal Zone commissaries were asked to
stock lisle stockings for the benefit of
Zone ladies who wished to actively
participate in the boycott.
On November 24, 1937, the ashes of
Gen. Jay J. Morrow, third Governor of
the Panama Canal, were scattered to
the swirling waters of the Chagres as
they pounded over Gatun Spillway.
Benediction was by Father E. J. Cooper
and flowers were strewn on the waters
by boys and girls of the then famous
Red, White, and Blue Troop, followed
by an 11-gun salute.


10 years cIgo
CANAL TRAFFIC and tolls broke all
previous records during October,
according to final statistics for the month
released on November 17, 1952. Final
figures on tonnage were not vet avail-
able, but it was expected that these, too,
would top previous highs. There were
674 transits of the Canal by ocean-going
commercial vessels and the tolls totalled
$2,917,634.
A special supplement of TlE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW containing essential
facts on the proposed rent increase was
distributed by mail to all U.S. employees
of the Canal organization. Featured in
the supplement was a financial state-
ment showing comparative costs in oper-


ation of the U.S. employee quarters for
the fiscal year 1947 and for 1952. and
the projected financial results after the
rental increase scheduled to become
effective December 7.

One year 4go
THRONGS OF Canal Zone residents.
led by Gov. W. A. Carter, joined their
Panamanian neighbors in observing Flag
Day ceremonies and a 3-hour long
parade as part of the celebration of
Panama's 58th Independence Day.
Speaking in Spanish, the Governor wel-
comed the officials and spectators at
Shaler Triangle in the Canal Zone for
the ceremony of the pledge of allegiance
which opened the observances.


S---SAFETY


Seat Belts Protect


Good Drivers, Too


WE DEPLORE senseless speeding like
that which recently caused a car in the
States carrying two young men to skid
250 feet on a sharp curve, change lanes,
skid another 90 feet back into its own
lane, skid 50 feet more, flip over, sail
15 feet through the air, slide upside
down for 49 feet, carom off a stone wall,
and flip back onto its wheels.
Yes, the car was a mess: but the
occupants received only minor bruises.
Both were wearing seat belts. They
were lucky- but how lucky' would an
innocent family have been if it had
been coming the other way in a car
without seat belts and couldn't get out
of the way of that bouncing, sliding
wreck? Obviously, seat belts offer pro-


section for good as well as bad drivers.
A warning has been issued by The
Society of the Plastics Industry that
most plastic "Jerry" cans (shaped like
those Cl metal gasoline cans during
World War 11) are not safe for storing
gasoline. At temperatures from about
145 degrees Fahrenheit and up, easily
reached in the trunk of a car or the
covered bow of an outboard boat on
a hot day, gasoline will disintegrate the
plastic.
Don't be deceived by the shape of
plastic cans. The safest way to carry
spare gasoline is in heavy gage metal
cans carrying the approval of the Under-
writers' Laboratories or Factory Mutual
Laboratories.


,ACCIDENTS


FOR
THIS MONTH
AND
THIS YEAR

SEPTEMBER FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS
CASES INJURIES LOS T
'62 '61 '62 '61 '62 '61
ALL UNITS 227 236 9 4 280 365
YEAR TO DATE 2217 2788(699) 95 100(4) 8228 15360(95)
( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries Included In total.


NOVEMBER 2, 1962







ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


INEERIN
NS RUCTI U
a ronov
S orem, buildings)

S rIL N C N UNITY
E ICE UAU
\VilliaLma. A. fill
Stockman


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Howard S. al
Chief, C unicatio
Branch
Charles \V. Hu
Supervisory Constr til
Inspector
George V. I
Oiler
Alejandro Mforn
Oiler
Dario E. Perez
Guard


MARINE BUREAU
Leonard B. Wilson
Towing Locomotive
or
SD COMMUNITY
SE 'I BUREAU
Clifford Nil s
Field Tra to Operator
Mack P. Ao
Carba C sector
S ROTATION AND
FINALS BUREAU
Jacinto Peters
Guard
Sixto Atencio
Heavy Laborer


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
George L. Cooper
Police Sergeant
Robert P. Carey
Relief Supervisor,
Cristobal
Hubert S. Wilson
Detention Guard
Ivan B. Hooker
Laborer Cleaner

ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Faye C. Minton
Administrative Officer
Egbert F. R. Watson
Surveying Aid
Ernest Wray
Launch Seaman
Walwin H. Gaynor
Automotive Equipment
Serviceman
Louis L. Seldon
Electrician
Rodolfo Estable
General Helper
Domingo Barrios
Seaman
Jes6s NI. Moreno
Painter
Vicente Angel Smith
Launch Operator

HEALTH BUREAU
Selvin Rowe
File Clerk
Inez D. Barker
Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry
Victor Ulate
Nursing Assistant, Medicine
and Surgery

MARINE BUREAU
C. V. Torstenson
Pilot
Dixie P. Bender
Towing Locomotive
Operator

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Raymond F. Hesch
Lock Operator Machinist
Antonio N. Hudson
Helper Lock Operator
Agustin Fajardo
Helper Lock Operator
Enos A. Williams
Seaman
Pedro A. Gasparini
Deckhand
Juan R. Valladares
Launch Operator
Acres Vantipool
Deckhand
Frank Morris
Deckhand
Jonas P. Archibold
Helper Lock Operator
Frank H. Thomas
Line Handler
Jim'nez
De hand
Li el ton
1 in na en nn
Fra li E. hi ips
au h pe t oor
eli LunQ
elper Lok erator
u Yun Sing
and
Torge fi6n
\laitenance Painter
OFFICE OF THE
COMPTROLLER
Francis J. Reilly
Plant Accounting Assistant

PERSONNEL BUREAU
Nye C. Norris
Personnel Clerk

SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Curtis B. Parnther
Clerk Typist
Juan Mejia
Baker
Martha Bryan
Kitchen Attendant


Alvaro Ramos
Heavy Laborer
May Jamieson
Retail Store Sales Checker
Maudline A. Lashley
Counter Attendant
Doris Yard
Food Service Sales Checker
Pura C. Adams
Meat Packager
Pablo Coto
Meat Cutter
Amanda T. Green
Sales Clerk
Miguel A. Pineda
Heavy Laborer
Violet K. Delrozario
Counter Attendant
Rene J. Agnoly
Warehouseman
Flora E. Sutherland
Stock Control Clerk
Ruben N. Padmore
Laundry Checker
Catalina C. Mendoza
Sales Clerk
Juan Arriaga
Utility Worker
Hylin Casanova
Baker
Roy A. Carter
Storekeeping Clerk
Arcadio Barlanoa
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
John Louis Smith
Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
Manuel Herrera
Leader Stevedore
Leopold V. Dutton
Stevedore
Harris T. Phillips
Stevedore
Hector Prestan
Heavy Laborer
Homer L. Marcum
Heavy Truck Driver






TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net
tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
First Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
Avg. No.
1963 1962 Transit'
1951-55
United States intercoastal-_----- ------------ 113 118 178
East coast of United States and South America __.. 599 643 387
East coast of United States and Central America 118 120 113
East coast of United States and Far East __------ 536 535 239
United States/Canada east coast and Australasia 82 62 49
Europe and west coast of United States/Canada 227 214 167
Europe and South America_ ------- -------- 321 268 111
Europe and Australasia ____--- ------------- 90 77 83
All other routes - - - - - 751 663 353
Total traffic_----------------------- 2,837 2,700 1,680

MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS
Vessels of 300 tons net or over
(Fiscal Years)
GTr s ross Tolls *
Transits (In thousands of dollars)
Month Avg. No. Average
1963 1962 Transits 1963 1962 Tolls
1951-55 1951-SS
July 1961 -------- 978 931 557 $4,980 $4,776 $2,432
August- ----_- -- 950 934 554 4,926 4,749 2,403
September - 909 892 570 4,617 4,523 2,431
October __----- -607 2,559
November 568 2,361
December -_--- 599 2,545
January 1962------ 580 2,444
February 559 2,349
March 632 2,657
April 608 2,588
May- 629 2,672
June- -- 599 2,528
Totals for
3-month_ 1,681 $7,266
Fiscal year___ 2,837 2,757 7,062 $14,523 $14,048 $29,969
Before deduction of any operating expenses.

CANAL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC BY NATIONALITY
First Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
1963 1962 1951-55
Nationality
Number Tons Number Tons Average Average
of of of of number tons
transits cargo transits cargo transits of cargo
Belgian -_--_- 20 26,376 6 26,034 1 2,307
British-----_ 314 2,012,718 271 1,788,327 286 1,753,044
Chilean -__- -- 36 203,165 32 226,270 15 67,567
Chinese ---__- 28 183,627 18 95,801 3 28,206
Colombian 70 115,063 59 107,020 35 40,056
Danish -- _---- 78 398,827 101 328,024 60 220,751
Ecuadoran -- 16 13,642 13 24,684 34 20,882
French-----.. 26 204,148 44 216,402 31 129,938
German ------ 300 876,260 275 887,886 38 85,956
Greek -- 162 1,572,161 157 1,498,122 28 221,195
Honduran---- 34 32,653 43 31,973 93 131,492
Israeli---__. 27 44,776 6 4,092 __
Italian------- 49 238,172 47 236,931 30 146,915
Japanese------ 235 1,256,617 223 1,328,877 57 367,978
Liberian------ 207 1,611,840 272 2,222,645 31 189,420
Netherlands_ -_ 164 841,287 113 666,393 28 131,769
Nicaraguan __- 14 13,536 20 42,264 4 3,288
Norwegian __- 366 2,313,389 301 2,005,177 189 723,252
Panamanian..-- 122 413,107 71 431,025 96 548,900
Peruvian--___. 21 127,445 18 80,438 5 13,392
Philipine 18 53,257 5 26,990 6 30,561
Swedish _-- 95 577,583 70 353,744 48 183,337
United States 411 2,290,839 497 3,011,115 538 3,364,851
All others ----- 24 173,305 38 146,264 24 97,633
Total_ 2,837 15,593,793 2,700 15,786,498 1,680 8,502,690


SS "France" on Cruise
THE FRENCH LINE'S famous France,
the worlds longest ship, is due to make
a call at Cristobal next March on a
winter cruise. The 1,033-foot luxury
liner will arrive March 25 and dock at
pier 9, which is 1,036 feet long. Port
authorities believe the ship can be com-
fortably brought to dock with the use
of a pair of harbor tugs.
Built last year and put into service
in February, the France is too large to
use the Panama Canal. She not only is
too long to fit into the Canal locks, but
also too wide. The big ship has a
110.6-foot beam and weighs in at 67,000
gross tons. This will be her first visit to
the Canal, the French Line in Cristobal
announced.


Cruise Season Under Way
THE 1962-63 cruise season began last
month with the arrival of the Norwe-
gian American Line Oslofjord and the
Swedish American Kungsholm. A num-
ber of well-known luxury liners will
follow them to Canal Ports during the
next few months.
In addition to the France, which will
make her maiden visit to the Canal,
ships lined up for cruises which will
include Panama are the Homeric and
Hanseatic of the Home Lines; Grip-
sholm and Kungsholm of the Swedish
American Line; the Norwegian Ameri-
can liner Bergansfjord; the Stella Polaris
out of New Orleans; The Zim Line's
well-known Jerusalem; Moore-MacCor-
mack's Argentina; Grace Line's Santa
Paula; the United States of the United
States Line; the Bremen of the North
German Lloyd Line; the Rotterdam and
Nieuiv Amsterdam of the Holland-
America Line; the American Export
Line's Independence; and the Empress
of England of the Canadian Pacific
Line.
C. B. Fenton & Co., agents for several
of the shipping lines, have announced
that most of these vessels will visit Cris-
tobal for a day or two as part of a cruise
through the Caribbean islands. The
Kunlgsholm, however, is due at Cristobal
January 22 and will transit the Canal
the following day on her way to the
South Seas. The Bergansfjord, due Jan-
uary 21, also is bound for the South
Pacific. Both will return to the Canal
in March and April on their way back
to New York.
The small luxury cruise ship Stella
Polaris, which will come to Cristobal


NOVEMBER 2, 1962






from New Orleans, is due here both
February 28 and March 2. She will call
at the San Blas Islands before docking
at Cristobal.
Panama Agencies have announced
that the Grace liner Santa Paula proba-
bly will make a call at the Canal Novem-
ber 17 on her way back to New York
following a cruise to the Caribbean.
This same agency handles the huge
United States, which, next to the France,
will be the largest commercial vessel
to dock in Cristobal this year. The
United States is due February 9 and in
March, following calls at Nassau,
Martinique, Trinidad and Curacao.
The Jerusalem, operated by the Zim
Lines, will make two calls, according to
the United Fruit Co. The first will be
December 26 and the second Feb-
ruary 12. This company also represents
the Argentina, which is slated for three
visits.
The Bremen of the North German
Lloyd Line is calling twice this year and
the Rotterdam will call at the Canal in
April on her way back to New York
after a round-the-world cruise. The
Nieuw Amsterdam, an old cruise cus-
tomer, will call at Cristobal once in
February.

Dedicated To Panama
THE $17,500,000 Grace Line pas-
senger-cargo ship Santa Maria, spon-
sored jointly by Mrs. Aquilino Boyd,
wife of the Panamanian Ambassador to
the United Nations, and by Mrs. Edwin
M. Martin, wife of the Assistant Secre-
tary of State for Inter-American Affairs,
is dedicated to the Republic of Panama.
Two of the Santa Maria's sister ships,
the Santa Magdalena, dedicated to the
Republic of Colombia, and the Santa
Mariana, dedicated to the Republic of
Ecuador, are being completed. The
Magdalena will be the first of the
20-knot, 127-passenger liners to go into
service the early part of next year.
A fourth sister ship, as yet unnamed,
dedicated to the Republic of Peru, will
be built on the ways from which the
Maria was launched last month.
The Santa Maria will have accommo-
dations for 127 passengers in air-condi-
tioned first-class quarters. Her cargo
space of 616,200 cubic feet can
handle containers, cargo packed on
pallets, liquids, and shipments requiring
refrigeration or cooling.
The new Grace Line vessels will
operate from New York to the Carib-
bean, the Canal Zone, and the Pacific
coast of South America.


CANAL TRANSITS COMMERCIAL AND U. S. GOVERNMENT
I First Quarter, Fiscal Year


Commercial vessels:
Ocean-going ---_---- -------
Small *------------- -----
Total commercial -------
U.S. Government vessels: **
Ocean-going _------ --------
Small ------------


1962
Atlantic Pacific
to to Total
Pacific I Atlantic __


1,410
52
1,462

42
16


Total commercial and U.S. Gov-
emrnment --------------- 1,520


1,427 2,837
59 111
1,486 2,948

23 65
27 43


1,536 3,056


1961

Total


2,757
94
2,851

49
35


2,935


Avg. No
Transits.
1951-55

Total


1,680
304
1,984

201
89


2,274


*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
"*Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated
ships transited free.


PRINCIPAL COMMODITIES SHIPPED THROUGH THE CANAL
Pacific to Atlantic
(All cargo figures in long tons)

First Quarter, Fiscal Year
Commodity1963 1962 Average
1963 1962 15-
1951-55
Ores, various --------------------- 1,744,426 2,003,487 987,567
Lumber ------------ ----------- 846,560 777,993 798,109
Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) -- 423,933 555,489 339,598
Wheat_- ----- ----------------- 101,464 116,196 473,208
Sugar ----------------------- 539,182 791,009 346,218
Canned food products---- ---- ------ 257,815 260,157 309,830
Nitrate of soda--------------------- 154,428 183,833 250,093
Barley ---------- ------------- 119,884 46,511 25,235
Bananas----- ---------------- 260,739 249,295 155,958
Metals, various--------------------- 259,404 276,972 175,110
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit)_------------ ---------- 214,947 171,829 142,823
Coffee----------------- 131,022 105,792 60,065
Fishmeal --------- ------------ 211,528 -- -
Iron and steel manufactures ---- ------- 179,013 89,677 39,171
Pulpwood -------- ------------ 147,650 119,882 44,248
All others _---------- ---------- 1,158,907 1,132,619 722,517
Total ------------------ 6,750,902 6,880,741 4,869,750


Atlantic to Pacific

First Quarter, Fiscal Year
Commodity Average
1963 1962 15
1951-55
Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt)-_- 3,235,828 2,174,384 709,710
Coal and coke -------------- --- 1,363,624 1,780,714 539,013
Iron and steel manufactures------------ 345,803 396,912 376,917
Phosphates -------------------- 379,159 488,427 156,591
Sugar_ --_ ----- ------------ 481,555 695,444 99,311
Soybeans- --------- ------------ 189,419 201,390 43,705
Metal, scrap --- --------- -------- 402,243 1,285,250 10,321
Wheat__- ---------- 175,917 236,921 49,017
Cotton---_---- ---------------- 76,384 93,861 72,834
Paper and paper products-------- 85,887 95,058 90,900
Ores, various ----- --------- 140,991 140,874 53,676
Machinery --_ ____------------- 107,231 84,088 66,690
Corn-----__ ----------------- 234,562 116,974 12,729
Chemicals, unclassified -------------- 144,080 155,760 45,236
Fertilizers, unclassified __------------ 101,065 87,531 35,221
All others-_ _-------- ----------___ 1,379,143 1,395,346 1,271,029
Total __-_------ --------- 8.842,891 9,428,934 3,632,900


TIIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW









SH 1


PP


SHIPPING \was in a slump at the end
of the first quarter of the current fiscal
year.
While traffic for the first quarter of the
1963 fiscal year continued at a high level
for transits and tolls, cargo tonnage was
down, according to figures compiled by
the Executive Planning Staff of the
Canal.
One of the factors responsible for the
decline of cargo tonnage is that Japan
early this year applied stringent ex-
change controls to try to control loss of
foreign exchange. Approximately one-
third of the Canal's cargo tonnage
travels to and from Japan.
Coal is an important import of Japan,
and hundreds of thousands of tons of
coal per month have traveled through
the Canal for use in the country's grow-
ing industries. A year ago in August
692,000 tons of coal transited the Canal
headed for Japan. In August 1962
the coal cargo to Japan dropped to
381,000 tons.
Another important import for Japan
is scrap iron. A year ago in July 556,000
tons transited the Canal, as compared
with 97,000 in July 1962. Scrap iron to
Japan in August 1961 totaled 366,000,
while the August 1962 shipments totaled
67,000 tons.
Tolls and transits for the first quarter
of the current fiscal year were slightly
higher, totaling $14,886,430, as com-
pared with $14,299,354 for the same
period last year. Transits the first 3
months of the current fiscal year totaled
2,902 ocean-going vessels as compared
to 2,806 for the same period last year.
But there is a drop, when cargo
figures are compared. The total long
tons of cargo during the first 3 months
of the current fiscal year was 15,593,793,
as compared to 16,309,675 last year in
the same period.
More ships transited in ballast this
first quarter, the total of 501 in ballast
transit since July comparing sharply
with the 462 ballast transits from July
through September 1961.
The load factor, according to Execu-
tive Planning Staff figures, is the lowest
since 1959. Referring only to cargo
carried inside ships transiting the Canal,
the load factor in August 1962 was 0.91,
lowest for an August since 1934. The
July 1962 load factor of 0.96 was the
lowest since July 1936, and the 0.93


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN SEPTEMBER


Commercial. .............
U.S. Government. .........
Free ....................
Total ............ .
TOLLS *
Commercial.... $4,525,029
U.S. Government 73,131
Total. ... $4,598,160


1961 1962
892 909
13 21
2 9
907 939

$4,618,152
109,284
$4,727,436


CARGO**
Commercial .... 5,021,956 4,932,450
U.S. Government 72,521 138,709


Free..


..... .. 2,916
Total.... 5,097,393


42,580
5,113,739


'Includes tolls on all vessels. ocean-going and small.
-Cargo figures are in long tons.


figure for September was the lowest
since 1959.
Petroleum and petroleum products,
among the major commodities shipped
through the Canal, were at record levels.
A big rise in petroleum shipments was
noted, especially in increased move-


EI .-5
-(AVERAGE 1951-1955)--
l


ments of crude oil from Venezuela and
the Lesser Antilles to California.
A movement of crude oil from Libya
to the west coast last month marked the
first such movement of African crude
oil to the West Coast.
Indicative of the slump in shipping
was the transit of an average of 29.06
ships per day for the first 18 days of
October, the lowest average for the
same period since 1960.
On October 14 a low of 21 ships
transited the Panama Canal. A peak day
was May 7, 1960 when 47 ships made
the transit.

Service To Be Expanded
THE MARITIME SUBSIDY BOARD
has authorized Grace Line, Inc., and
Culf & South American Steamship Co.,
Inc., to provide subsidized service
between Atlantic ports in Panama and
U.S. Atlantic and gulf ports. At the
same time, the board authorized Grace's
subsidized vessels serving U.S. Atlantic
and east coast of South America ports
to call at the Canal Zone on a privilege
basis.
In a related decision, the board ruled
that present U.S. service from New York
to the Canal Zone is adequate and no
additional sailings are necessary.


/-


JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN


S100
N
U
1000 M
B
E
900 R
0
F
800
T
R
700 A
N
S
600 1
T
S
0


MONTHS


NOVEMBER 2, 1962


NI


G


1962
l0bs


I "


I




Full Text

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBR A R IES

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Di /ie yteItre rhv

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9

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$rXIAL On Fco TIo 'wg New C wal
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RoEERT J. FLEMWNG, JR., Governor-President --oPublications Editors W. 1, LEBER, Lieutenant Governor -d ROBERT D. KERR and JuLio E. BRICENo WiLL AREY Official Panama Canal Publication Editorial Assistants Panama Canal Information Officer Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD, ToMn BITTEL, and ToMAS A. CUPAS Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z. On ale at all Panamna Canal Service centers, Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z. Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights. CZ. Proctamation Aoute of Jk4 tory WHEREAS the people of the Republic of Panama observe the 59th anniversary of their independence CELE3RATION on November 3 of the 59th anniversary of the on November 3, 1962; and founding of the Republic of Panama provides an opportune time to WHEREAS the continued understanding and take note of other important dates in the history of the Isthmus, from friendship between the peoples of the Republic of the tim( Rodrigo de Bastidas discovered Panama in 1501 to the Panama and the Canal Zone set an example of present day. harmony for the rest of the world; and Among the many other dates spotlighting the route of Isthmian history from the time of the first visits are the following: WHEREAS it is a desire of the Canal Zone to give 1502-Christopher Columbus explored the Atlantic Coast of the due recognition to the vital role played in operation Isthmus, attempted to found Belen, but was prevented from doing so of the Panama Canal by Panamanians, now and in by hostile Indians. the past; and 1508-Panama first was called "Tierra Firme" and "Castilla del Oro." WHEREAS the people of the Canal Zone ]'oin in 1510-The first city populated by Europeans on American soil, Santa the aspirations of their neighbors in Panama for a Maria ]a Antigua, was founded in Darien. way of life which promises increased political, 1513-Vasco Nuinez de Balboa and Martin Samudio were elected spiritual, cultural, and economic well-being and the first mayors on American soil; Fray Juan de Quevedo was named which are so vital for the growth of democratic First Catholic Bishop in America; Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean society; on September 25. 1519-Panama, first European settlement founded on the Pacific NOW, THEREFORE, 1, Robert J. Fleming, Jr., coast of Isthmus, was established on August 15. Governor of the Canal Zone, do hereby invite all 1520-First City Council (Cabildo) was established on American the people of the Canal Zone to take part in soil, at Santa Maria )a Antigua in Darien. celebrating with Panama the 59th anniversary of her 1521-Charles V granted Panama City charter and Coat of Arms. independence on November 3, 1962. 1538-Royal Audiencia of Panama was created by Spanish Crown, I request all agencies o ePanama with jurisdiction to Nicaragua in the north and Argentina to the south, enugester agn cip of the P bv Canal to and including Cartagena, Peru, and Chile; first transcontinental encourage, foster and participate in the observaiice. higwyPamatProbkwsbi. I especially encourage our schools, libraries, churches hghwav, Panama to Portobelo, was built. andspreligiousnbodiesocivicooserviceaandspatriotics 1671-Pirate Henry Morgan pillaged Panama City and inhabitants and religious bodies, civic, service and patriotic y organizations, and our learned and professional put eity to the torch. societies to participate in the observance as appro1673-Panama City rebuilt 6 miles away from old site. private, all to the end of enriching our knowledge and 1698-Patterson established ill-fated Scottish settlement on Northern appreciation of the history of the neighboring coast of Darien Province. Republic 1821-Panama declared its independence from Spain, joining Union formed by Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto 1826-First Inter-American Congress held in Panama City. set my hand and caused the seal of the 1830, 1831, and 1840-Panama frees self from Colombia and becomes Canal Zone to be affixed at Balboa Heights, a sovereign State hut rejoins Colombia again each time. Canal Zotn this 18th day of October, 1962. 1855-First trans-continental railroad in America inaugurated in Panama on January 28. 1880-French began unsuccessful attempt to build a Canal. 1903-Panama seceded from Colombia on November 3 and became an independent Republic. 1904-United States started building the Panama Canal. Governor. 1914-Panama Canal opened to traffic. lB tlt G governor: 1936-First revision of Panama-United States Canal Treaty effected. 1955-Revised Canal Treaty negotiated between Panama-United States. 1962-Opening of a high level bridge over the Canal. Panama-United States Presidents appoint representatives to explore Executive Secretary. possible Treaty modifications. 2 NOvEMBER 2, 1962

PAGE 9

404 Manuel Guardia, left, and Rigoberto Quijada check mechanization for "bossy. YA WA N IvA NSP ADr. Paul 11. D-oell, Mindi Fain manager, explains advantages of P A N A M A N IA 1N S lime-coated floors: hacteria, algae are killed, it's non-skid, and inexpensive. GET TRAINING AT MINDI THREE YOUNG Panamanians return to their agric ultiural studies at the National Institute of Agri ultimr at Diisa next week after several wveks of leaning bs doing at ti Miindi Farm on the Atlantic sidc of the Isthmus. Manuel Guardia of La Pintada and Rigoberto Quijada of Penonome are spending 6 weeks at the fan, hil C 6sar Alvarez is spending 5 % eks, having arris ed a wcck after tile others. During recent weeks they've been checked out oni hand milking, machine milking, general sanitation, milkroom handling, pasterization plant operation and bottling. Along the route they've had on-the-job contact with such diverse items as pouring of proper cement flooring, (ination, tractor and bulldozer operation, fenening, riecordkeeping, and study of grasses-including balng and Trainees peer into huge bulk milk cooler. personal contact from the business end of a pitchfork. (Se( nexi pag'I And the boys show calf how it's done. Dr. Dowell shows how needle is prepared. 1' I

PAGE 10

Joint goals of the Divisa school and Mindi Farm are continued improvement of sources of supply at farm level and constantly widening spread of knowledge of sanitation and processing practices to maintain adequate quality. The Divisa school has been operating a general agricultural course 8 years. In recent years it has included on-the-job training at ranches and farms many places on the Isthmus, with Mindi as one of these. Mr. Guardia and Mr. Quijada got off to a fast start at Nlindi. They helped delivr a calf the day they arrived. Their 1 milking machine duties are not just operational; they also learned to tear down and repair the equipment. They L 'z .illa, milk plant manager, at graphs showing temperature learned to throw and tie a horse, and milk is heated to, how long it's held at that level. the best methods for restraining bulls or cows, with least injury to the animal and themselves. The trainees live in family-type quarters in Gatun, eat at the farm with a farm family and, while learning and doing, receive a token salary to cover food and transportation costs and give then a little spending money. Two other young Panamanian dairymen have taken the same course. These two are Alfredo Orange of Santiago and Juan Manuel Peralta of Chitre. Alfredo Orange has been working since February 1962 as chief of milk production for the La Estrella sugar companyy in Aguadulce. ie shoved signs of leadership from carl\ youth, and now has 60 employees under his orders. His supervisors are \-ry satisfied with his work, for he has shown great efficiency. Bulk raw milk arrives in these. Tied up like Christmas package, horse not worried. w in Procsine department. He nibbled grass. 'IM At~

PAGE 11

TIE TIME when prisoners sat in cells and marked off the da s on the w calls is past. New practice s in riminology and Ven clre ZTo Le pnology are constantly improving the r habilitation chane s of inn who hav c~~iii~~ned h.i onvIUitd of c tt ki e(il Men and Noinenhaeteitkn u TRAFFIC STOPPERS ni re gr d given the responsiilties of consci lors, offering guiancea and h elp to those mndcr CANAL ZONE motorists are accusther t tomed to slowing, or coming to a halt, A relatvl small penal institution, when approaching a crosswalk. In the like the Canal Zone Prison at Gatun near future, astonished motorists may has the opportunity to give special need a shove to remind them to move on. atte ntion to those people ho need help For, instead of a member of the Canal and w at it. In addition to tlh woodZone's finest keeping peak traffic and pedestrians on the go, the traffic is to be directed by crosswalk women guards. Ten women are to be assigned in the Balboa Cristobal districts communities. They will not be policewomen, but will be under Canal Zone police supervision and police trained. The crosswalk guards will be from 21 to 50 years of age, and must be able to read and speak English. Physical A t P rison fitness, mental alertness, I year general office experience, or I year's completed studies at a business school or junior shop, where the inmates are allowed to college, and moral soundness will be do constructive work Mid the extensive other requirements. grouids used for fruit grow mg and While on duty, the crosswalk women icteation, Gatun Prison has institute d guards will wear dacron-and-wool skirts a sp. cial program g ar d toarl imiof the same material and color as the proving the educational background of Canal Zone policemen's shirts, and th< prision rs. white dacron-and-cotton blouses. The Thc program was first state td mor outfit will be completed with a natty than 6 yeais ago whe n Eloise arnes, overseas type cap of the same material of the teaching staff of Rainbo C ity as the skirt. E1. nt itary School, volunte ered to conEach crossing guard will wear mini(luct classes at the prison in (atin. ature chrome badges, similar to the Instruction %vas given I hour weekly Canal Zone police guard badges, on in Spanish on s hool subj cts consistent shirt and cap, and each will have a with the educational Itvel antl ability round shoulder patch bearing the Canal of the inmtt s. following th, (Canal Zone Zone seal. Latin \merican sc hool euniculum. With the employment of crosswalk The program was expanded to c lasses women guards, the Canal Zone is joinon \londa s, Wednesday s, and Iridays ing important cities in the United States, from I to 3 p.m. unti r a t ach r where women have been employed on assigned by the Canal Zone Di ision crosswalk traffic duty for some time. of Schools and now has b en ext< ended The new look on the crosswalks of the een further r to the hours of 7:30 to Canal Zone comes about as a follow-up 9:30 a.m. Monday through Friday under of a recommendation made by J. WV. the direction of \rs. I ntn trederick Kelly, executive secretary to the mayor Wood for the male prisoners. One-half of Kansas City, Mo., when he visited hour classes are held dailv for the the Isthmus in March 1958. vont n prisoners who wi sh to attend. At present the only uniformed women "No imate is force d to attend these who work with the Canal Zone Police classes, but I can't reme mber any' who Division are the matrons at Catun have refused to go," says Sgt. George Prison for women and juveniles. A. Martin, se(geant-in-charge at the Interested and qualified applicants Gatun Prison. The boys look forward to should contact Canal Zone Police Headthe hours in classes atid many of them quarters, Civil Affairs Building, during who could only make an "N" for their office hours. nates and couldn't e en tell time when Employment will be part time and Mrs. Frances Hunnicutt models one of the these entered the prison soon could do will be for about 20 hours each week, new uniforms. She's secretary to Chief both-and more as their educational E. S. Shipley of the Police Division of the -n oea hi dctoa during school terms. Panama Canal. levels were raised. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5

PAGE 12

poblc in as k at r, r tha fit, ti -(I iaptain Karl(, of the U.S. warship a s supported mainly by ,onti ibtnt-as land d a force, and the next day ColomP anam a's from busin ssmen. hian troops cane over from Panama. In Panama City, With T nganizatio The insurgents were routed, but not , of th< fin fght, i and election of Daid force theN set fire to the town. 11. ihandon a ( uiinaid r in 1903, Panama C ity has had disastrous fires, gnandi Braidon's first ati-i as ( olon' April conflagrations. "April P A\ \\AA'S FIRE BRICADE, founded toward supplying tli city x iti vmati ills to be the month of tragedy for 'a > u i with two snmll handthrough istor action of lage t; d, x r ( lon fir brigade," says a history -s is proud re ferr d to \ hil th( i ar t i br fig tl -f t1 corps. In fact, an April fire in hi ft hi x figh ti s in the C anal still it in d hy olint, i -Ion x hkiih occurred in 1940 is creZut s tit the b st volunteer r fin niantnt gii rd, tabrwI il dit d with a major change in organizaa to ints the wo rld. bar aks i sve i q O f t( city, tion of Panama firefighting forces. Si is thc prc stii of Pani ia OnE six firemen of the permanent n t oi the contliji fit that th( S fie impans w re on duty in Colon on -Wtt" to ira no sani-c \ r 13, 1940 xhen a fire was reported fi i i s i ( liCia \ iMaraM l a r-old wooden house on 6th gua d \ T oa s xx I as sbtirig ar it in thi Atlantic terminal city. i 1 i + i of i ullit, ls xx h< r I hI olox fr (t prmc t ii ral alarm was sounded after a i ii t at, fin on te h ai i uld f arm(,( the flames to nearby S ) t in, brig ad possesses A u h thi n tirn ,tru tur ;u Fin nit n of Panama City andl iat 11) 1-m11 i but the earl Pam "t t h l i ( Ind Zune as well as volunteers, ii fi 4ht, had t suinmount oin t i i ir h battle against the flames. Jihr nit ifti dlii r ( hief probl Can I I lif ri a 1d thz i 0h i t it k f at r foi Panamia ( i m St int rhl, I th, I w0 had no uqu duct and as one it $6 mill I ii 0 bi-ist stateC, either b\ unhapp\ U-%~n 11 id ne oi by the caltculation of lomiant iD iam ond Ali irefts ahxiavis s ,I~i td to occur i, gOlZ tti:n of a fit b iad diirin Ch ri s of loxw tili so that it \\ is aJm st impossible to obtain suffiof i at t t of Jubi i, i t t Lin att r to combat tlh flames." "rt solution. Th inrt ts ted Jtu il i ti S d almost as great a Mr. N\ right the Aierun i onsul; t up i d Zone tug boats put 800 feet of tain Dows the ge n i J t:ut if thi Is into rs to throw up a water screen steamship
PAGE 13

which the firefighters wvere hampered Chief W. G. Dolan and William E. Jones, fighters were on duty day and night by panic-stricken citizens who filled the former chief of the Canal Zone Fire Departuntil the country returned to normal. streets by the hundreds, the fire was Ent, oned Srcounpd oPanma irem e "Never were citizen rights and order brought under control. But 293 buildduring ceremonies marking the 70th annibetter guaranteed than when the men ings, most of them of wood construction, versary of the Panama brigade in 1957. in the red shirts served as police," stated had been destroyed and the fire loss Panama Governor Efrain Tejada in totalled $4 million. seniors in the Brigade, each lost a leg commending the firefighters for this That conflagration vas a turning in the catastrophe. action. point in the history of Panama fireThroughout the 75 years of its history, As the Cuerpo de Bomberos of Panfighting, for organization of a permanent the Panama fire brigade has lived ama prepare to observe the organizafire department was undertaken, "with up to its motto, "Discipline, Honor, tion's 75th anniversary this month, its the members to be paid a living wage." Self-Denial." members can look with pride on the Modern Panama City's greatest fire Besides the functions inherent to firerecord of service written by them and tragedy, commemorated by a statue in fighters, the Panama fire department their predecessors in combating fire and Fifth of May Plaza, was the explosion has, in national emergencies, acted as its horrors. on May 5, i914, of the powder magaguardian of public order. In 1931 a zinc, then situated in the vicinity of the political movement in Panama City, old Casino. Several members of the Colon, and other areas of the Republic, RAUL ARANGO N., Panama fire chief Cuerpo de Bomberos lost their lives and resulted in panic and chaos, since April 1950. a number of others were left invalids. The firemen of Colon and Panama The Second Commander, Daro VallaCity were called upon to establish and rino, and Jose Thompson, one of the maintain order in both cities. FireCanal Zone fire engine joins in parade held in Panama City during Fire Prevention Week. Ip qM*

PAGE 14

.x

PAGE 15

Representatives from Panama, the Canal Zone, and the men who beolt -the bridge seated in reserved area at dedication ceremonies. Fro left to right, they are: Capt. Ceorge F. Hudson, a senior Canal pilot: Anthony Poczatek, one of the many who labored on the bridge; and German Batista, a small farmer whose products will move to market across the bridge. Ate t hache sis ribbon opening bridge. as Gornor Fleming, Pelican State steams under Thatcher Ferry Bridge to become first ocean-going vessel to pass under structure after officialMI Frank A. Baldwin, and many of those attending ceremonies watch. dedication October 12IN THE SCENES. AND BEHIND THEM .TiE DEDICATION of Thatcher Ferry The picture shows members of the PanBridge and Stevens Circle last month american Round Tale displaying flags FeryboateresidetBooeeltmov e through lok on way toCa boa involved many peopeand events which of various counties m the hemisphere. public notic in the Press of Flags displayed by the group, headed Seveeal haodred guests fo the Atlantic tide teavelet oe the tsthmus r r w A hs Es d utacd as prestenot, wee. aboard special trains during the 2 days of events. vents and some of the people invovl of Panama, the United States, Brazil, in this are prsNd n ths s Bolivia, Cnada, El Silvador, HondoThis month's vrpictr J-s -ras, Mexio, Nie aragua, Dominican Repnagebpcn ,hpI wtceaI oe~ln-a, (oloto.9 W A vvs groupv wich 1 participated in the Re.447Uuuy VnzeaClm d.diatc rersenoics for Thatcher bia, Parg Aigsentina, Ecoador, Ferry Bridgctafow h o mnr s Ha, Chile, utmbl e ""'"naltmhcian oldimers made a paital transit of the Canal and shared a buffet aboard Las Crtuces durceg the dedication weeend. not was taken at the time of the event. and Peu.s josephs Liverpool, president of the Canal Zone Retired Workers Approximately 2,500 lsthmian residents gathered in Balboa for dedication of Stevens Circle on October 13. Association, and Karl Curtis of Cmboo, both construction-era Canal employees, watch dedication of Stevens Circle from speaker's stand. The lHonorable Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the Army and Chair-E -man of the Bard of the Panama Canal, poses heside memorial to John F. Stevens in Balboa with John F. Stevens 11, and Mrs. John U. Hawks, grandchildren of the Canal engineer. Mr. Ailes was the main speaker. F/ S 0~

PAGE 16

PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS September 5 through October 5 iMPLOYIES who were promoted or Dionisio De Le6n, from Grounds MlainBaldur Norman, from Lock Operator Cartransferred btwee September 5 and tenance Equipment Operator, Compenter to Lead Foreman Carpenter. munity Services Division, to Boatman. Kenneth P. Scanlon, from Machinist to October 5 ire listed herc. Within-grade Guillermo L6pez, from Laborer Cleaner to Lock Operator Machinist. pr motions aid job reclassifications arc Boatman. Hortensio Gutierrez, from Maintenance not h d. Agustin Torres, from Heavy Laborei, PanPainter to Painter. ama Local Agency, to Helper Core Drill Cleveland Bennett, Dudley Francis, EmiADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Operator. liano Mares, from Line Handler to MlainWilliam S. Wigg, from Management TechE r ...tenance Painter. nician to Supervisory Management TechElectncal Division Robert J. King, Clerk-Typist, from Corgas nician. Howard E. Munro, from Power System Hospital. Cleveland C. Soper, from Photographer, Dispatcher to Chief Power System Joseph L. Findlay, Gilberto Morales, Information Office, Canal Zone Guide Dispatcher. Samuel Walker, from Line Handler to Service, to Photographic Laboratory Norman C. Anderson, from Shift Engineer Helper Lock Operator. Technician. (Mcchanical) to Test Operator-Foreman Dodson Hinds, from Line Handler to (Niechanical-Power System). \%essenger CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Cosme Morales, from Laborer Cleaner to Rudolph R. Beatty, Clerk-Typist, from InHelper Cable Splicer. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER dustrial Division to Fire Division. Francisco A. Estrada, from Pinsetter, Ac huntingg Division Fitardo A. Henry, from Kitchen Attendant Supply Division, to Laborer Cleaner. to Cook, Customs Division. Mary N. Sanders, Clerk-Typist, from Coco Louis C. Caldwell, from Time, Leave, and Postal Division Solo Hospital. Payroll Clerk to Accounting Technician. k R. .fMyron A. Schroeder, from Accountant to Dick R. Random, from Clerk-in-Charge, Mlaintenance Division Staff Accountant. Cit4 Division, Balboa, to Finance Branch H6ctor NI. De Souza, from Refrigeration Burton F. Mead, from Voucher Examiner Superintendent. and Air Conditioning Plant Operator to to Accounting Technician. Donald 11. Secrest, from Window Clerk Electrical Equipment Repairman. Pauline L. Blais, Lucille D. Van Riper, to Relief Supervisor, Cristobal. Alfonso D. Gittens, from Laborer to Leader from Accounting Technician to Voucher Division of Schools Laborer Cleaner. Examiner. Isidro Avila, Evert NI. Plato, from Laborer Fulvio Terin, Training Instructor, Connildred S. Rowe, from Substitute Teacher to Heavy Laborer. versational Spanish, from Office of the and Sstondar School Teacher. Joseph F. Shea, Engineman (Hoisting and Governor-President. Portable) from Motor Transportation Martha NI. Broader, Jane A. Gruver, Mary Division. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE F. Harmon, Rosario R. Maymi, Janice Elbert T. Chappell, Jr., Welder, from InCommunity Services Division C. Pitts, Sara H1. Platt, Rosalie A. Rowell, dustrial Division. from Substitute Teacher to Elementary HEALTH BUREAU Alejandro G6mez, Diego vartinez, Laband Secondary School Teacher. order, from Dredging Division. Carlos A. Vaz, Jr., from Elementary and Gorgas Hospital Eduardo D. Armas, Jose Del C. Moran, Secondary School Teacher, Latin AmerMargaret R. Goulet, from Staff Nurse, Francisco Pinz6n, from Laborer to ican Schools, to Senior High Principal, Medicine and Surgery to Staff Nurse, Grounds Maintenance Equipment OperLatin American Schools. Operating Room. ator. Ana T. Bennett, from Elementary and SeeCarol J. Smith, from Staff Nurse to Staff Cayetano HernAndez,from Laborer Cleaner ondary School Teacher, Latin American Nurse, Obstetrics. to Heavy Laborer. Schools, to Elementary Teacher-PrinJeanene K. Zimmerman, from Voucher Supply Division cipal, Latin American Schools. Examiner, Supply Division, to ClerkJanet A. Marshall, from Substitute Teacher, Typist Phyllis D. Powers, from Service Center Latin American Schools, to Senior High Joseph D. Buendia, from Ward Service Supervisor to Accounting Assistant. Teacher, Latin American Schools. Aid to Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Reginald A. Carter, Ronald Chambers, Jr., Mlillicent F. Forcheney, from Substitute Surgery David J. Failey, Hector J. Mlarkland, Teacher, Latin American Schools, to Newton Walker, from Commissary ServElementary Teacher, Latin American Corozal Hospital ice Trainee to Meat Cutter Assistant. Schools. Mary E. Ausnehmer, from Staff Nurse, Oscar Edmund, Jr., from Counter AttendNora D. Brown, Kathleen D. Stromberg, Msedicine and Surgery, to Head Nurse, ant to Food Service Sales Checker. from Student Aid to Recreation Assistant Psychiatrv. George C. Bennett, from Utility Worker to (Sports). Lloyd G. Wilson, from Bell Boy and Special Sales Clerk. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Waiter, Supply Division, to Nursing Roy A. Cox, Cyril E. Hewitt, Ivy F. Lewis, Assistant, Psychiatry. from Utility Worker to Counter AttendBUREAU ant. Mary T. Herring, from Student Assistant, MARINE BUREAU Arthur M%. Butcher, Harold Hall, from Contract and Inspection Division, to Navigation Division Laborer Cleaner to Utility Worker. Clerk-Typist, Balboa Bridge Project. William NI. Brown, from Wood and Steel Morton F. Levee, from Theater Usher to Dredging Division Carman, Railroad Division, to Marine Theater Doorman. Katherine C. Ieadrick, from Clerk-StenogTraffic Controller. Robert C. Husband, from Package Boy to ripher to Accounting Clrk (StenogWalter J. Williams, from Laborer Cleaner, Heavy Laborer. raprh t u Division of Schools, to Heavy Laborer. Elias Gill, from Package Boy to Laborer Cleaner. Rosemary D. Reardon, from Supervisory Industrial Division Clerical Assistant to Accounting AssistNI. Lucille Behre, from Clerk-Ty ist, DiviTRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS sion of Preventive Medicine and QuaranBUREAU Klaus Reichert, from Seaman, to Launch tine, to Stock Control Clerk. Terminals Division Captain. Earl A. Escalona, from General Helper to Manuel Mlacias, from Seaman to \\'inchToolroom Attendant. William B. Huff, from Administrative man., Assistant to Supervisory Cargo Checking Adolfo C. Quintero, from Winchman to Locks Division Officer. Le ade r St man. Oliver I. Hendrickson, Joseph H. Young, TomAs A. Salinas, from Mlaintenanceman to Doiumingo \Iufoz, from Boatman to Seafrom Leader Lock Operator Machinist Leader Painter (Maintenance). man. to Lead Foreman Lock Operations. Domingo Quintero, from Line Handler to Laureano Hidalgo, Crist6bal Torres, from Kenneth F. Millard, from Electrician, ElecLeader Line Handler. !jilrod Trackman, Railroad Division, trical Division, to Lock Operator ElecWalton G. Green, Albert A. McQueen, Sam. trician. from Heavy Laborer to Cargo Checker. 10 NOVEMBER 2, 1962

PAGE 17

Dimas Alvarado, Juan M. Arauz, Delfin Garcia, Pedro Martinez, Humberto Ossa, Bernabd Saavedra, from Dock Worker to Stevedore. Crist6bal Cedeno, from Heavy Laborer, Dredging Division, to Dock Worker. Celio Cedeno, Julian Gonzilez, from Laborer, Dredging Division, to Dock Worker. Leopold T. Douglas, from Line Handler to Maintenance Painter. Gouldbourn Lewis, from Dock Worker to Guard. Calixto Villarreal, from Surveying Aid, Engineering Division, to Dock Worker. Federico Hudson, from Laborer, Maintenance Division, to Cargo Marker. Alberto NMunoz, from Ceneral Helper, Maintenance Division, to Dock Worker. Motor Transportation Division Paul R. Kuyoth, from Supervisory Transportation Operations Officer (\Iotor) (Chief, Southern District) to Motor Transportation Operations Ofier (Chief, Southern District). Maurice L. McCullough from SuperA gob of this and a touch of that. It may be a work of art. Mrs. If. M. Armistead, center, visor Transportation Operations Offiber seems pleased as she watches pupils Gail Harrison, Nancy Burns, Jim Young, Jenise (Motor) (Chief, Northern District) to McDaniel, and Gene Benson as they work on their ceramics projects in the basement Motor Transportation Operations Office of her Balboa house. (Chief, Northern District). Elsie E. Yates, from Clerk-Stenographer to Clerical Assistant (Stenography). Potterying Not Puttering Cecile C. Marceau, from Clerk-StenogN rapher to Secretary (Stenography). Michael A. Shan, from Accounting Clerk "THE POTTERY. Jump in and have oft n the memhrs of thc class work to Clerk. fun with us." far into the night if they "n all. get Clifford E. Bovell, Victor H. Hines, from This is the sign on the workshop door. rapped tip in something" Helper Automotive Mechanic (Body and And the sign really means what it savs. Mrs imnistc id be camn imt rested in Fender) to Glazier (Limited). Mr. and Mrs. How ard Armistead, who ramic s during college who she OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not live on Barnabv Street in Balboa, are also rmke d in sculpture "\ first involve changes of title follow: like pied pipers. started to h an about e rai -from thc Paul J. Coleman, Valuation Engineer (GenEverone from the maid to the little books in the library and tl,, it to find eral), Accounting Division. kids dow n the street to the older nemnout if we w er re al] into ro -to d in it Norbert M. Schommer, Supervisory Acbers of the community can be found we took a course froiri Vada Pene who countant (Chief, Budget and Statistics Section), Office of General Manager, most anv time working with clay in li d in Balboa but has sinc retired Supply Division. various stages of its developinent into and now is in the Stats." Since, the n Gerard L. Lavigne, Industrial Engineer ashtrays, dishes, vases, pitchers, or thex has had theii basement conirtce( (General), Industrial Division. figures. into a work arc a od storiag space Thomas J. Dwyer, Leon N. Sharpensteen, Regular classes are held Friday complete xith two kilns. onc of xx'hich Leon T. Williams, Admeasurer, Navigacvenings from 7 to 10, officially, but x s construct d bx Mr. Xrimsto ad tion Division. e George A. Black, Jr., Supervisory Accounting Assistant, Motor Transportation Division. James D. Dunaway, Finance Branch Superintendent, Postal Division. RETIREM ENTS George H. Moore, Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division. PAMANA CANAL employees who 38 years, 5 mouths, 27 days. inner, General Audit Division, Claims retired in September, with the positions Gonzalez Joseph, chauffeur. Motor TransthesGheldAattDhxstnmcaisf retiro incut an portation Division; 39 ears, 2 months, Branch. they held at the tie of retirement andda Joseph J. Wood, Jr., Graduate Intern (Adtheir years of service with the Canal Daniel Lawrence, helper miachinist, Railministrative Services), Administrative organization are: road Division; 20 y.ars, 9 months, 15 Branch. Louis W. Chenis, cement finisher, Maindays. Marie D. Quinn, Medical Radiology Techteniance Division; 40 years, 16 day. Henri Er Doehrke, cliei egin;er, towboat nician (Diagnosis), Gorgas Hospital. Santiago C6rdoba C., stevedore, Termials or ferry, Drccing Division 29 years, George B. Erskine, Raymond D. Parker, Division; 22 years, 11 months, 5 days. 15 da S m Accounting Clerk, Motor Transportation Kenneth M. Edwards, general foreman lock ilamtme ioisont34 finisher, Division. operator, Locks Division; 28 years, months, 6 davs. Ricardo A. Honeywell, Clerk, Customs 4 ondh. 6 ays, Henslee S. Smith. pootce private, Police Division. Raymond L. Harve), auto machinist, Mlotor HeseS.mihpoi pit olc DrsIn. S h iTransportation Div ision; 16 years, 5 Division; I year, 11 months. Marcus M. Smith, File Clerk, Gorgas Hosmonths, 21 days. Ashton B. Spence, deckhand, Navigation pitalRobert E. Howell, helper wood and steel Division; 10 sears, 8 months, 21 days. Harold G. Fergus, Utility Worker, Supply carman, Railroad Division; 47 years, Stewart P. Trail, police captain, Polie Division. 3 months, 17 days. Division; 26 vears, 4 months. Charles C. James, Utility Worker, Customs Philibert J. Jeanmarie, letterpress pressman, Robert E. Welborn, fire lieutenant, Fire Division. Printing Plant, Administrative Branch; Division; 18 years, I month, 7 days. TiE PANAMA CANAL REv1Ew 11

PAGE 18

to YearJ 4go ation of the U.S. employee quarters for the fiscal xear 1947 and for 1952. and CANAL TRAFFIC and tolls broke all the projected financial results after the previous records during October, rental increase scheduled to become according to final statistics for the month effective December 7. SOreleased on November 17, 1952. Final H IST O R Yfigures on tonnage were not vet availOne Year able, but it was expected that these, too, would top previous highs. There were THRONGS OF Canal Zone residents, 50 YearJ aIgo 674 transits of the Canal by ocean-going led by Gov. W. A. Carter, joined their commercial vessels and the tolls totalled Panamanian neighbors in observing Flag $2,917,634. Dav ceremonies and a 3-hour long XX in o prd lama tui b Pit d A special supplement of TiE PANAMA parade as part of the celebration of Wiltam owo r 13,t hf ae Uited CANAi_ REVxF\V containing essential Panama's 58th Independence Day. facts on the proposed rent increase was Speaking in Spanish, the Governor welsoo \Nt ia it xe t5t Is c arxig pasdistributed bv mail to all U.S. employees comed the officials and spectators at is r, or cargo were to be charge d on of the Canaf organization. Featured in Shaler Triangle in the Canal Zone for tli bas of actual earning c apacit. the supplement was a financial statethe cerernony of the pledge of allegiance 0 p I rcnt ballast were to be charged inent showing comparative costs in operwhich opened the observe ances. 40 pr at t li than th< rate for vessels with passengers or cargo. The largest force in the Canal's history 40,159 persons, was at work on SAFE-TY the ('anal and railroad at the end of November 1912. The personal figre includ d 3,199 men employed by the contractors on the lock gates and similar S eat B elts P rotect \vork, and the developed nt of th< lock machnery under the Assistant Chief Fniginet r of the Panamna C anal. I nr f l nn mtmdGood Drivers, Too The contrac t for the maiiufactuire andG o d D i e s T o onstrut tion of two 56-foot gate le ves and anchorages complete foi the nex dr dotk at Balboa was aw rded to the WE DEPLORE senseless speeding like tection for good as well as bad drivers. \lcntit-\Marshall Construction Ct. that which recuntlv caused a car in the A warning has been issued by The the onIv firm that submitted a bid. The States carrying two young men to skid Societv of the Plastics Industry that contiact called for manufacture of the 250 feet on a sharp curve, change lanes, most plastic "Jerry" cans (shaped like It a s, the assembly of one of them at skid another 90 feet back into its oxwn those GI metal gasoline cans during the company's shops, md the erection Liane, skid 50 feet more, flip over, sail World War 11) are not safe for storing of the gate complete in 425 daxs for 15 feet through the air, slide upside gasoline. At temperatures from about $11 0,0o. down for 49 feet, carom off a stope wall, 145 degrees Fahrenheit and up, easily Tlt grand total of Canal (xca nation and flip back onto its wheels. reached in the trunk of a car or the to Noxe mber I was 152,991,045 cubic Yes, the car was a mess: but the covered bow of an outboard boat on irtds I x ig 29,235,955 cubic yards, occupants received only minor bruises, a hot day, gasoline will disintegrate the or a Iitth Itss than one-sixth of the entire Both were wearing seat belts. They plastic. amount nee ssary for the completed were luckybut how lucky would an Don't be deceived by the shape of Canal to he excavated. innocent family have been if it had plastic cans. The safest way to carry been coming the other way in a car spare gasoline is in htaxv gage metal 25 'e ago without seat belts and couldn't get out cans carrying the approval of the Under25 ar g( of the xway of that bouncing, sliding writers' Laboratories or Factory Mutual BOYCOTT J APAN" posters w en wreck? Obviously, seat belts offer proLaboratories. e imw issue( d fre b one of the Panama ,p p) rs as part of a campaign to aid ( huia in her biave fight against a ACCI DENTS mthh x m ader," the paper r said. The Social Zone commissarie s we crc asked to FOR 'dk hsle stockings for the bt nfit of Zone ladi s who wished to active lTHIS MONTH pa ti ipate in the boycott AN On \o rubr 24 1937 the ashe s of AND (a ia J k J \Morrowx third Governor of THIS YEAR P in o1n ( in d, were scatte re d to o s irling x itcrs of the (hagrcs as h p )ondc dI ovi (,atun Spillxtax SEPTEM BER CAS ES INJURIES LOST li, tor -is Iy Father E. J. Cooper 'A2 E6 '62UR6E L6 ST -d lhr x tre x an on the xx itt rs '62 '62 -1 '62 -61 I h oi rls of the thin famous ALL UNITS 227 236 9 4 280 365 h I \\hih and Bhlu Troop followed YEAR TO DATE 2217 2788(699) 95 100(4) 8228 15360(9s) I I l t it ( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries Included In total. 12 NOvEMBER 2, 1962

PAGE 19

ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ENGINEERING AND MARINE BUREAU CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Leonard B. Wilson HowERdN Howard 5.Towing I ocomotive INEERIN;. Chef Howard S. p ttioi NS RUCTI U Chief, mc ni tot M AND COMMUNITY a onoC SERVICE BUREAU e I ore n1 buildings) Charles W. Iiu Clifford Nilvs Supervisor Constimetisi F'ieldl Tra tot Operator I Inspector Mack P. AIon NIC U U George V. nrbgy (MAMN tor E ICE, UU Oiler 'Yn w SPTRTATION AND Willia A. ]fill Alejandro Mfori THINALS BUREAU Stockman Oiler Jacinto Peters Guard Dario E. P~rez Sixto Atencio Card Heavy Laborer CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Raymond F. Hesch Alvaro Ramos George L. Cooper Lock Operator Machinist Heavy Laborer Police Sergeant Antonio N. Hudson May Jamieson Robert P. Carey Helper Lock Operator Retail Store Sales Checker Relief Supervisor, Agustin Fajardo Maudline A. Lashley Cristobal Helper Lock Operator Counter Attendant Hubert S. Wilson Enos A. Williams Doris Yard Detention Guard Seaman Food Service Sales Checker Ivan B. Hooker Pedro A. Gasparini Pura C. Adams Laborer Cleaner Deckhand Meat Packager Juan R. Valladares Pablo Coto ENGINEERING AND Launch Operator Mleat Cutter Acres Vantipool Amanda T. Green CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Deckhand Sales Clerk Faye C. Minton Frank Morris Miguel A. Pineda Administrative Officer Deckhand Heavy Laborer Egbert F. R. Watson Jonas P. Archibold Violet K. Delrozario Surveying Aid Helper Lock Operator Counter Attendant Ernest Wray Frank H. Thomas Rene J. Agnoly Launch Seaman Line Handler Warehouseman Walwin H. Gaynor Jim'nez Flora E. Sutherland Automotive Equipment Dec hand Stock Control Clerk Serviceman Li el Iton Ruben N. Padmore Louis L. Seldon N in na e n Laundry Checker Electrician Fra li E. hi ips Catalina C. Mendoza Rodolfo Estable au h pe stor Sales Clerk General Helper eli o Lun Juan Arriaga Domingo Barrios elper Lo erator Utility Worker Seaman u Yun Sing Hylin Casanova Jes6s MI. Moreno and Baker Painter rge fi6n Roy A. Carter Vicente Angel Smith .amnenance Painter Storekeeping Clerk Launch Operator Areadio Barlanoa OFFICE OF THE Grounds Maintenance HEALTH BUREAU COMPTROLLER Equipment Operator Selvin Rowe Francis J. Reilly TRANSPORTATION AND File Clerk Plant Accounting Assistant TERMINALS BUREAU Inez D. Barker Nursing Assistant, PERSONNEL BUREAU John Louis Smith Psychiatry Nye C. Norris Wharfman Victor Ulate Personnel Clerk Manuel Herrera Nursing Assistant, Medicine Leader Stevedore and Surgery SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Leopold V. Dutton SERVICE BUREAU Stevedore A EBUREAU Curtis B. Parnther Harris T. Phillips C. V. Torstenson Clerk Typist Stevedore Pilot Juan Nlejia Hector Prestan Dixie P. Bender Baker Heavy Laborer Towing Locomotive Martha Bryan Homer L. Marcum Operator Kitchen Attendant Heavy Truck Driver THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13

PAGE 20

TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES SS "France" on Cruise 1 he following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net THE FRENCH LINE'S famous France, ion, or o) s, related into eight main trade routes: _orlds longest ship, is due to make F irt, Quarter, Fiscal 1'ear 1963 a call at Cristobal next March on a Avg No. winter cruise. The 1,033-foot luxury 1963 1962 liner will arrive March 25 and dock at 195 1-55 k ,it d States itercoastal ----113 1s 178 pier 9, which is 1,036 feet long. Port 1.is pst of United States and South America_ 599 643 387 authorities believe the ship can be comI st ;ost o I nited State, md Central Amenca 118 120 113 fortablv brought to dock with the use at. co-ast of L ited States ,ad Far Fast ---536 535 239 of a pair of harbor tugs. 1 ilt I States Canda cast coast and Australasia 82 62 49 Emrop and %vest c ist of nitel States Canada 227 214 167 Built last year and put into service Fur I and South Amnrica-------------321 268 111 in February, the France is too large to Euro nmd Australasia ---90 77 83 All tlkr routes -751 663 353 use the Panama Canal. She not only is --28 27 --too long to fit into the Canal locks, but Total traffic2,837 2,700 1,680. also too wide. The big ship has a MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS 110.6-foot beam and weighs in at 67,000 gross tons. This will be her first visit to Vessels of 300 tons net or over the Canal, the French Line in Cristobal (Fiscad Years) ______anuKcl -------announced. Gross Tolls Transit (In thousands of dollars) Month .Av No .Avr Cruise Season Under Way 1963 1962 Transits 1963 1962 Tolls THE 1962-63 cruise season began last 1951-5s 19s1-ss ----------month with the arrival of the NorweJuly 1961 978 931 557 $4,980 $4,776 $2,432 August ----950 934 554 4 926 4,749 2,403 gian American Line 0slofjord and the September -------909 ,92 570 4,617 4,523 2,431 Swedish American Kungsholm. A numOctober--_ -----607 2,559 ber of well-known luxury liners will November ----568 2,361I Dec ---599 25 follow them to Canal Ports during the January 1962------580 2,444 Itext few months. February-------559 2,349 March ----632 2,657 in addition to the France, which will April --------608 2,588 make her maiden visit to the Canal, May--629 2,672 ships ds June---599 2,528 ed up for cruises which will Toot for .include Panama are the Homeric and 3-month 1,681 87,266 Hanseatic of the Home Lines; GripF ,syear2,837 2,757 7,062 $14,523 $14048 $ 9 sholm and Kungsholm of the Swedish caBf deduction of any operating expenses4, .4 4 .American Line; the Norwegian American liner Bergansfjord; the Stella Polaris CANAL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC BY NATIONALITY out of New Orleans; The Zim Line's --well-known Jcrusalcrm; Moore-MacCorFirst Quart, r Iiv il Year 1963 mack's Argentina; Grace Line's Santa 1963 1962 1951-55 Paula; the United States of the United Nationaity Number Tons Numbe r Tons Average Averag States Line; the Bremnflf of the North of of of of number tons German Llod Line; the Rotterdam and transits cargo transits cargo transits of cargo Nieuiw Amsterdam of the HollandBelgian -20 26,376 6 26,03 1 2,307 America Line; the American Export British-----314 2,012,718 271 1,788,327 286 1,753,044 Line's Independence; and the Empress Chlean----36 203,165 32 226,270 15 67,567 .E Chinese ---28 183,627 18 95,801 3 28,206 of England of the Canadian Pacifi Colombian -70 115,063 59 107,020 35 40,056 Line. Danish -78 398,827 101 328,024 60 220,751 C. B. Fenton & Co. agents for several Eeuadoran.--16 13,642 13 24,684 34 20,882 & C French -------26 204,148 44 216,402 31 129,938 of the shipping lines, have announced German-.-------300 876,260 275 887,886 38 85.956 that most of these vessels will visit CrisGreek ------162 1,572,161 157 1,498,122 28 221,195 Ilonduran 34 32,653 43 31,973 93 131 492 tobal for a day or two as part of a cruise Israeli-----27 44.776 6 4,092 through the Caribbean islands. The Italian------49 238 172 47 236,931 30 1469L5 Krnsholm however, is due at Cristobal Japanrse -----235 1,256,617 223 1,328,877 57 367 7 Liberian --207 1,611,810 272 2,222 645 31 189,420 January 22 and will transit the Canal therlands 164 841 2,7 113 666,393 28 131,769 the following day on her way to the r ma 14 13,51 20 42,264 4 3 ,s South Seas. The Bcrgansfjord, due Janrw e3 gian 366 2,31 389 301 2 005,177 189 723,252 Paa minian-122 41,3.107 71 431 025 96 548,00 uary 21, also is bound for the South Inni m --21 127 445 18 80,438 5 1.1 392 Pacific. Both will return to the Canal Pt m ine ---18 53,257 5 2,990 6 30,561 in March and April on their way back Sw ish --9 95 577,583 70 353,744 48 183,337 C nted States 411 2,290,839 497 3,011,115 538 31364,851 to New York. All others. --24 173,305 38 146,264 24 97,633 The small luxury cruise ship Stella Total 2,837 15,593,793 2,700 15,786,498 1,680 8,502,690 Polaris, which will come to Cristobal 14 NOvEMBER 2, 1962

PAGE 21

from New Orleans, is due here both CANAL TRANSITS -COMMERCIAL AND U. S. GOVERNMENT February 28 and March 2. She will call at the San Blas Islands before docking First Quarter, Fiscal Year at Cristobal. I Avg. No 1962 1961 Transits. Panama Agencies have announced 1951-55 that the Grace liner Santa Paula probaAtlantic Pacific bly will make a call at the Canal Novemto to Total Total Total ber 17 on her way back to New York Comeria vessels: following a cruise to the Caribbean. Oca sg-s -------.--.--1,410 1,427 2,837 2,757 1,680 This same agency handles the huge Small ----.---.--------52 59 111 94 304 United States, which, next to the France' Total commercial ------------1,462 1,486 2,948 2,851 1,984 will be the largest commercial vessel to dock in Cristobal this year. The U.S. Government vessels: 00 United States is due Februarv 9 and in Ocean-going..---------------42 23 65 49 201 March, following calls at Nassau, Small*----.-.---------16 27 43 35 89 Martinique, Trinidad and Curacao. The Jerusalem, operated by the Zim Total commercial and U.S. Gov -____ .3 , ernment-----------------1,520 1,536 3,056 2,935 2,274 Lines, will make two calls, according to *Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons. the United Fruit Co. The first will be **Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated December 26 and the second Febships transited free. ruary 12. This company also represents the Argentina, which is slated for three visits. PRINCIPAL COMMODITIES SHIPPED THROUGH THE CANAL The Bremen of the North German Pacific to Atlantic Lloyd Line is calling twice this year and the Rotterdam will call at the Canal in (All cargo figures in long tons) April on her way back to New York First Quarter, Fiscal Year after a round-the-world cruise. The Commodity Nieuw Amsterdam, an old cruise cus1963 1962 Av51ra tomer, will call at Cristobal once in February. Ores, various ----.--------------------1,744,426 2,003,487 987,567 Lumber -----------------------------846,560 777,993 798,109 Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) --423,933 555,489 339,598 Dedicated To Panama Wheat ----------------------------101,464 116,196 473,208 Sugar-------------------------------539,182 791,009 346,218 THE $17,500,000 Grace Line pasCanned food products--------------------257,815 260,157 309,830 senger-cargo ship Santa Maria, sponNitrate of soda -------------------154,428 183,833 250,093 scored jointly by Mrs. A l Boyd, Barley -------------------------119,884 46,511 25,235 quino Bananas -----------------------260,739 249,295 155,958 wife of the Panamanian Ambassador to Metals, various -----------------------259,404 276,972 175,110 the United Nations, and by Mrs. Edwin Food products in refrigeration (except fresh M. MIn, w fruit) -------------------------214,947 171,829 142,823 .Martin, wife of the Assistant SecreCoffee ------------131,022 105,792 60,065 tary of State for Inter-American Affairs, Fishmeal -211,528 --------is dedicated to the Republic of Panama. Iron and steel manufactures -----------179,013 89,677 39,171 ofthSant a Pulpwood ---------------------147,650 119,882 44,248 Two of the Santa Mara's sister ships, All others-------------------------1,158,907 1,132,619 722,517 the Santa Magdalena, dedicated to the a Republic of Colombia, and the Santa Total--------------------------6,750,9o2 6,880,741 4,869,750 Mariana, dedicated to the Republic of Ecuador, are being completed. The Magdalena will be the first of the Atlantic to Pacific 20-knot, 127-passenger liners to go into First Quarter, Fiscal Year service the early part of next year. Coverage A fourth sister ship, as yet unnamed, 1963 1962 1951-55 dedicated to the Republic of Peru, will be built on the ways from which the Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) --3,235,828 2,174,384 709,710 Coal and coke -------------------1,363,624 1,780,714 539,013 Maria was launched last month. Iron and steel manufactures -----------345,803 396,912 376,917 The Santa Maria will have accommoPhosphates ---------------------379,159 488,427 156,591 Sugar ---------------------481,555 695,444 99,311 nations for 12' passengers in air-condiSoybeans -_ -----------------189,419 201,390 43,705 tioned first-class quarters. Her cargo Metal, scrap ---------------------402,243 1,285,250 10,321 space of 616,200 cubic feet can Wheat -----------_ 175,917 236,921 49,017 handle containers, cargo packed on Cotton__ 76,384 93,861 72,834 Paper and paper products. 85,887 95,058 90,900 pallets, liquids, and shipments requiring Ores, various 140,991 140,874 53,676 refrigeration or cooling. Machinery --107,231 84,088 66,69) Cm ---------------------234,562 116,974 12,729 The new Grace Line vessels will Chemicals, unclassified ---------------144,080 155,760 45,236 operate from New York to the CaribFertilizers, unclassified 101,065 87,531 35,221 bean, the Canal Zone, and the Pacific All others --------------------.1,379,143 1,395,346 1,271,029 coast of South America. Total -------------------8,842,891 9,428,934 3,632,900 TmE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

PAGE 22

Ul11 \i it ai t a shulp at thi end ients of crude oil from Venezuela and it at (if tiw corri mlit fisc al the Lesser Antilles to California. A movement of crude oil from Libva \ ifoi ti st q 1tcr of tic to the west coast last month marked tile l h t ttil lgh h x I first such moeinent of African crude fra s tils t ot o torimtaCe W&S oil to the West Coast. t ho it t f nqtt b VIndicative of the slomp in shipping d I xc otis 1i H a .St a f th was the transit of an average of 29.06 ships per day for the first I8 days of Owo if t1 Ia tors r' I~ _h for tlic October, the lowest average for the link -1 (,O toimia J lpt samIle period since 1960. kI tt h4 fOi October 14 a low of 21 ships h ~ Th&' p G st i4 transited the Panama Canal. A peak cat torI owas \1ay 7, 1960 when 47 ships made thul i of th ( a ] i ..~ tithe transit. tmav I', tt i d nal ft t6 ol, 1, to impan rtdm iro tpi Service To Be Expanded _11n hd I f, fm if t I THE MARITIME SUBSIDY BOARD Val p, i n b b .has authorized Grace Line, Ine., and th, ( atal fo 1S ii t o, tr rt,1 ("-ult & South Ameicrican Steamship Co., ing othdstr 5 0 o i \lit tic, to provide subsidized service 692,000 twu _t A ttt t i tle t 01 1 1etieen Atlantic ports in Panama and h. add ft J i ti Itt \l t12 L S. Atlantic and gulf ports. At the the coal t tt' t I h t tll ol to .n .011 time, the board authorized Crace's 381,000 tons subsidized vessels serving U.S. Atlantic a. iq ltt itt imp i a egin for S ptmbc r was the lowe st and cast coast of South America ports ii 0. X ii a o it llos 3 ( Sii 1959. to call at the Canal Zone on a privilege t k I i 01t d ( I mIt d P pt oll urn td yh tolt !rm produce s b isis. w itL l7 )(, Il l i (3i a. a r t am ong tl itnal r in ino ditic s shipped d In a related d vision, thi board ruled Jppan in in I 1t ti totaled 366,000, through thc C'aal < irc at r cord let s. that pre sent L S. stvice from New York wiso1 thl .og 1M2 shipmitnt tottlt \ bid rise im petroleum shipnttts \\,as to th ( anal ZonI is adlquatt and no 67,000 t, otot 1 spc cal i increased tovl -t diina1 sailings are ncc essarv. I oli, td i its fo; th1 first tIltartt oI th i i t, it fi, i t at u -, t slght]% higher cota iimi 411Th lo 30, as Com paId tth !1) 99 I ot tillc ittO 1 100 p1 ril Ii t X a .I th" first 3 N mo nths o fl th tir at bii < i total d U 2,902 0tflgoing (5t, !s a ittiril m d ----1000 M to 2, ,S6 for thu sni p inad last !r. B Bot thwru it a i s i it a mot. 16 E Sli e
PAGE 23

4

PAGE 26

Date Due Due Returned Due Returned _____ 1 994 -_______--_____----_______--__

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 04820 4829