Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University


in 2010 with funding from
of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie129pana





PANAMA CANAL
A- \


/S
IN THIS ISSUE
You and Executive Order 10988
From Walla Walla to Panama
Challenges of the Present
Bridge Spectacular


.4

.j..I\


~L,- "i i:


C- 5d 4 7 1







ROBER J. FLEMING, JR., Governor-President
\\. P. LEBER, Lieutenant Governor


Panama


p k% _k% !k CkN LL


.S:
Bl BITTEL
photographer


Going Up and Over


Thatcher Ferry Bridge


THE HEAVIEST SINGLE LIFT scheduled during construction
of Thatcher Fern' Bridge was completed successfully early in
March, as the steel framework of the structure inched skyward
from the side-of-channel piers toward its sweeping center crest.
Securely fastened to the main load block of the 300-foot boom
of the barge-floated crane being used to lift truss members and
other parts to the highest points of the bridge, the 98-ton mass
of steel was lifted almost straight up to its assigned position,
where the skilled men working for John F. Beasley Construction
Co. bolted and pinned it securely into place.
The massive section, shown being fitted into place in the cover
photo, represented more than simply the heaviest single piece
of superstructure to be lifted for the bridge. It also was the first
major section of the tied-arch, suspended span which will swoop
high above the waterway. (For additional striking photos of
construction work on the bridge, including one of the 9S-ton
section being tugged upward, see pages 12 and 13.)
As March ended, each day's work was visibly lessening the
distance remaining to be spanned by the soaring crest of the
bridge. Officials in charge of the project estimate that by mid-May
tile protruding ends of the bridge will have met and been fastened
together above the channel. .Much work still will remain
to be done after that, but from a visual standpoint most of it
will be anticlimax.

The 820 million bridge is scheduled for completion this fall
and present plans call for it to be opened to traffic this fall.
While the tons of steel which make up the supporting super-
structure of the bridge still are being moved into place, work
is progressing on paving of the roadway which the bridge will
carry across the Isthmian waterway.
Simultaneously, work was moving forward on the widening
and extension of the new 4-lane street which will lead to and
from the bridge on the east side of thle channel. The new and
improved approach roadway is slated to be ready for use when
the last yard of concrete on the bridge roadway, the final lighting
fixture, the finishing daub of pailt, ias been put in place and the
formal opening ceremonies completed.


Index





Needed: Water, Water, Water

Isthmian Visitors_

Program for Better Healt,.

Local Unit of AAUP Chartered

A New Era Ahead: Executive Order 10988-

Challenges of the Present

The Building of a Bridge

Sewing Circle in Cativa

The Long Arm of Friendship

Payoff-for Suggestions and Superior
Performance _-- .

Interesting People_

northh Knoilwini

anniversariess

Promotions and Transfers

Canal History

Pop Makes the Roles

Retirements

Shipping


APnIL 6. NI'll2


WVILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication nolcorlal nssiran,
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD and To
\VILLIAM BURNS, Official Pt
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal ZoneLL BURN, Official P
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights. C. Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights. C. Z.


N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
r' -l' -_' l A -_' .- _






NEEDED:


Water,



Water,



WATER




Studies now being
made to find best
way to meet needs.


Hydroelectric power generated at Madden causes no loss of water


ANY ISTHMIAN NEWCOMER who
watches the almost daily deluges of the
rainy season might find it difficult to
believe that lack of water ever would
become a problem here. But those
familiar with the Canal operation and
the almost rainless months of the dr\
season recognize the very real and con-
tinuing concern about the available
supply of water.
Every complete lockage from one
ocean to the other requires 52 million
gallons of water, which is approxi-
mately the same amount as an industrial
Stateside city of 50,000 would use in a
week's time. It is true that this amount
of water, vast as it is, nevertheless is
only the proverbial "drop in the bucket,"
compared to all the rainfall here.
The gimmick that might trick the
newcomer watching the rainy season
weather is that there also is an annual
dry season from january to May. Most
of the water to be used during those
months must be stored during the rainy
season. It is this necessity for storing
water during the rainy season to sustain
Canal operations during the dry season
that causes furrowed brows among
Canal officials.
At the present time, Canal storage
facilities are capable of impounding
somewhat less than one-fourth of the
average available runoff. The increasing


Canal traffic of recent ears and conse-
quent increases in the use of water for
ship transits is causing fresh concern
about future water requirements for the
first time since 193.5, when Madden
Dam was completed.


In recent \ ears, there have been brief
and minor water shortages during extra-
dry seasons. These have resulted in
temporary reductions in the allowable
draft of transiting vessels. Even these
temporary limitations, minor as the few


. But dry season use of h1)droelectrie generators at Gatun do result in loss.


~I, L
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4 % U .


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW





inches they involve may seem to lay-
men, often result in economic loss to
shippers and, consequently, the ulti-
mate consumer, who must pay the
increased cost. For example: If the
limitations force a vessel to reduce its
potential cargo from 30.000 tons to
28,000 tons, the per-ton shipping cost is
increased b1 about 7 percent, inasmuch
as ship operating expenses remain
virtually the same, regardless of the
amount of cargo carried.
To enable the Canal to more ade-
quately and continously serve the needs
of world shipping, three possible ave-
nues of action are being considered by
the Engineering and Construction Bu-
reau to increase available water during
dry seasons. They are:
1. Conservation, during dry seasons,
of water stored in Madden and Gatun
Lakes.
2. Increasing the storage capability
of Catun Lake.
3. Creation of additional reservoir
storage.
The most easily accomplished of the
possibilities-greater conservation of
present water storage-already is far
along in both planning and actual
implementation. Chief among the
conservation measures are plans for
reducing and eventually eliminating
completely the generation of hydro-
electric power at Gatun. at least during
severe dry seasons. Two gas turbine
generators have been ordered by the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
from Westinghouse Electric Corp., and

Underwater blast was part of study made
about the feasibility of building a
darn across Trinidad arm of Gatun Lake.


-. 'i


- -


are scheduled for installation before the
beginning of next dry season, to at least
partially replace the electric power
needs now supplied by Gatun IHydro-
electric Station during dry seasons.
Studies now are being made about pos-
sible purchase of additional thermal
generating units to further reduce the
need for hydroelectric power generation
at Gatun.
Conservation of Gatun Lake water
by eliminating its use for generating
electricity during dry seasons would
enable present water storage to provide
for a minimum of 35 lockages daily,
approximately 5 more than present
requirements. Generation of electrical
power at Madden Ilydroelectrie Station
would continue, because all water
released for generating purposes there
flows into Catun Lake, where it can
be used for lockage purposes.
Elimination of power generation at
Catun is important from a water con-
servation standpoint because of the vast
amount of water such power generation
requires. To generate enough electri-
citv at Gatun to operate 10, 2-ton air
conditioning units for a month takes
approximately the same amount of
water as required by a complete lock-
age from ocean to ocean. Or, stated
another way, four families with monthly
Canal Zone electricity bills of $26.50
would, as a group, be using enough
water per month to provide for one
ocean-to-ocean transit if the power were
generated at Catun.
The second means of improving the
water supply situation-by increasing
the storage capability of Gatun Lake-
could be accomplished bv deepening
the channel or increasing the maximum
level of the lake. The result of either
deepening the channel by 5 feet or
raising the maximum level of the lake
by 5 feet would be to add a minimum
capability of at least 9 additional lock-
ages per da). If both were done, it
would add (double this, or S1 lockages
per dlay.
Of these two possibilities, deepening
the channel appears to be more attrac-
tive because it is relatively simple and
inexpensive compared to increasing the
maximum level of Catun Lake. Such
an increase in the level of the lake
would require extensive-and expensive
-changes in the Locks, dams, and many
other Canal installations and, at least
for the present, is considered too costly
for the potential benefits. It also would
decrease the ability of the lake to absorb
sudden, heavy rainfalls, thus increasing
the danger of it flooding with poten-
tially disastrous consequences for Canal
installations and operations.


Deepening of the channel would
add to the storage capability of the
lake because it would permit the
minimum level of the lake to be reduced
below the present minimum of 82 feet.
Each foot of additional reduction
would, of course, represent additional
storage capability for the lake.
The third means of increasing water
available during the dry season-by
creating additional reservoir storage-
includes two major possibilities. One
would be construction of a new' dam on
the Chagres River above Madden Dam.
The other would be construction of a
dam between an arm of Gatun Lake
and the main body of the lake. Only
the latter possibility. involving part of
the existing Gatun Lake, is being
given serious consideration at tht
present time.
Studies indicate that construction of
a dam across the so-called Trinidad arm
of Catun Lake and raising the water
level behind it to a maximum of 98
feet, or 11 feet above the present maxi-
mum level of the lake, would provide
storage space for enough water to per-
mit 9 additional lockages per day dur-
ing the dry season. Such a project also
would proxy ide other benefits, including
greater potential for hydroelectric
power generation.
In addition to these three major pos-
sibilities, studies also are being made
relative to pumping large quantities of
water back into Gatun Lake from below
Gatun Dam. Such pumping would be
done during the dry season to keep
the lake at the level necessary for
navigation purposes.
With lockages now averaging almost
30 per day and traffic increasing stead-
ily, Canal officials hope to meet future
water requirements for some years by
eliminating dry season electrical power
generation at Gatun and deepening the
channel through Gatun Lake or building
a Trinidad Dam, or both.
The Canal officials are confident that
\water requirements can be met by these
means for many years to come. Imple-
menting these plans will, of course,
necessitate continuing improvements
over the years ahead to keep abreast of
needs. But improvements are nothing
new' for the Isthmian waterway. There
has been steadN improvement of it
throughout much of the period since it
was opened in 1914, thus keeping it
abreast of world shipping needs and
enabling it to provide efficient service
to world commerce. Providing adequate
water storage to meet future ned-.
is, therefore, simply another step i,
the continuing improvement of tl.I
Isthmian crossing.


- r up


APIuL 6, 1962


* -
I.- -































Capt. Farmer and other Canal officials discuss


TWO LONGTIME EMPLOYEES
of the Canal, Russell 13. Potter and
Thomas C. Coleman, paid a return visit
to the Isthmus last month and toured
the Canal widening work along Empire
Reach.
For Mr. Potter, who retired in 1946,
the trip to the Empire Reach project
was a homecoming of sorts. His earliest
residence in the Canal Zone was in the
construction-era townsite of Empire in
1905. Despite the intervening years,
Mr. Potter has many memories of the
area and was able to identify various
old foundations and other ofhjects for
personnel of Project Engineer C. \W.
Ml,-. Brandl's office.


Caal ai i Saa
Canal operations with Seaway visitors.


Thomas G. Coleman, former superin-
tendent for the Municipal Engineering
Division, also was able to add to tlhe
lore about the area. Both men voiced
their interest in the difference between
present earthworking techniques and
those used during the construction era.
Mr. Potter and Mr. Coleman, accom-
panied by their wives, return to the
Isthmus periodically to visit children,
grandchildren, and friends. The Cole-
mans' children are Mrs. John Dombroxw-
sky of Diablo Heights and Mrs. James
Pattison of Curundlu. The Potters' chil-
dren are Richard Potter and Mrs. Ross
Cmnningham of Balboa.


ISTHMIAN VISITORS


Mr. and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt.


C. P. Barton. Assistant Project Engineer, with 1. B. Potter and T. G. Coleman.


'p _


'if


V~r


.: .,*


\-


EXCEPT for the marked difference in
climate, executives of the St. Lawrence
Seaway who visited the Isthmus last
month found they had a lot in common
with the men \who run the Panama
Canal.
R. J. Burnside, Director of Operations
and Maintenance of the St. Lawrence
Seaway Authority, and D. MacKenzie,
General Operations Superintendent of
the Seaway, spent a week on the Isthmus.
The two men asked a series of ques-
tions about operation and maintenance
of the Isthmian waterway during an
informal meeting with Capt. Claude S.
Farmer, Acting Marine Director at the
time: Ro\ C. Stokhlam, Chief of the
Locks Division; and P. A. White, Chief
of the Dredging Division.
The two, both associated with the
Canadian Government, were particu-
larly interested in the Locks of the Pan-
ama Canal. The locks of the Seaway
are SO feet wide and can accommodate
ships up to 730 feet in length, compared
with the Panama Locks of 110 feet
wide and 1,000 feet long.



THE BRONZE BUST of her husband's
famous grandfather Theodore Roose-
velt was of special interest to Mrs.
Kermit Roosevelt as she and her hus-
band stopped in the rotunda of the
Administration Building at Balboa
Heights during a brief visit to the Isth-
mius last month. Mr. Roosevelt had been
to the Isthmus when only a few months
old. but had not been back since. That
first visit was made while the family
was returning from Argentina at the
time of World War 1.














i..5" -

i +
/







Dr. Jose J. Calder6n


Dr. Luis A. Puyol


For Disability Relief Annuitants



Program For Better Health


THE ACTIVE and determined effort
of the Panama Canal organization to
improve the medical care, living con-
ditions, general health, hygiene, diet,
and en\ironnent of the more than 2,900
cash relief annuitants of the Company
Government who live on the Isthmus
has made several major advances during
recent months
These forward movements have cen-
tered on improved medical care now
being provided as a result of expanding
the former Visiting Nurse Program into
a Home Medical Assistance Prograam,
with five full-time nurses, one full-time
doctor, and two half-time doctors
employed in the effort.
The Visiting Nurse Program, as origi-
nally established in September 1960 by
order ol the Board of Directors of the
Panama Canal Company, authorized
the employment of three nurses to work
among the disability relief annuitants,
many of whom are in need of regular
or occasional 1 nursing care.
With a year's experience as a guide,
the Board of Directors last October
ordered an expansion of the prograln to
include the services of the doctors and
I\wo additional Inurses now1 employed.
All mnrses and doctors are Puanamanianl
citizenIs.
At tie same time as the additional
personnel was authorized, the Board
directed that medicii'lls and drugs pres-
cril)ih bC i doctors for the annuitants
are to b( .1..1 to them free of
chairgel as ; rl prograll. Prescrip-
tion drugs are issued through Gorgas


and Coco Solo Hospitals, with the
Personnel Bureau paying for them.
Dr. Jos6 J. Caldcr6n, a former public
health physician in Panama, is the full-
time doctor employed on the Pacific
side of the Isthmus. Dr. Luis A. Puvol
and Dr. Ernest C. Bynoe. Jr., share the
task on the Atlantic side. In addition to
his medical duties, Dr. Calder6n has
been named to supervise the work of
the two doctors on the Atlantic side and
all five nurses.
Mrs. Nelly B. Cantillo is supervisory
visiting nurse, with responsibility for
scheduling work of the other nurses
and maintaining high standards of per-
formance by them. Dr. Calder6n and
Mrs. Cantillo plan the work schedule
a week in advance, making assignments
to the other nurses each Friday for tlhe
following week.
Dr. Sidney B. Clark, Chief of tlhe
Division of Preventive Medicine and
Quarantine, serves as advisor-consultant
for the program and all problems per-
taining to the medical profession are
discussed with him.
\ith the new personnel now\ well
established in the routines of the
expanded program, Dr. Calder6n and
Mrs. Caitillo have made plans to con-
tinue the investigative home visits to
all cash relief annuitants. This program,
started under the Visitin( Nurse Pro-
grain, is aimed at establishing a card
file of pertinent information about each
anmuitant living on the Isthmus. About
150 remain to be seen for the first time
and it is believed all of them \ ill have


b een N i ,.,.i .-it 1, r i .,- ,,., I... 1- I.l
end of I .... i
IM u c .I i I... 1. I ,, l ._,, I,, l, ,, I ...
a n d tli. ,l....r l. i: .], I, i ,i ,. .i l l. .
d evoted 1 i, ...... i l,, i ,ia i .n..-II ,111.
serious l[Il..is.l I ., iI. -,.. 217 II..d.
ridden .1111111.n .. O..., 11i I'.. i *.i '11
the Isthmus and ou on the Atlmntic
side. Several hundred more I.InI.-
periodic care.
The effect of all this effort?
Personnel Director Edwaid N.
Doolan, whose Bureau is responsil.I. Il..
operation and administration of tli- I'".
gram, says it is difficult to ass..-, 1I,
value from any statistical stand l..l,,i
but notes that there has been a ,I. lii..
in the death rate among the di- iil. ..
relief annuitants.
"We believe," Mr. Doolan said "il. i
the decrease in the number o Ii....
dying among this aged group .11, I.
attributed largely to this progrin ... ii
the additional medical care man.. I, ,
received as a result of the -, ....I .
Health Insurance Program iiir ii.,
among them in February I'lI.
Approximately 2.500 of the annm..I..I.
carry the insurance.
Robert Van Wagner. Employe. *". r -
ices Officer, who is directly resp.',...ll..
for supervision and administra-,..., ..I
the program, sees the results :I':. ...
more direct association with tl:. ii .i
and women it has benefitted.
"These okl people need and d t..i..
help," he says. "A lot of them e ,1,, in
here to see the doctor, one of the I ....ii


APrIL 6. I'lO-'


D)l. !:.il-t C. BhIuI-. Ir.





or me, and they all let you know they
appreciate what is being done. 1 think
this program has given them a lot of
security that thev didn't have before.
Now they can go to a doctor without
fear that it will cost them the money
they need for food and rent."
Mr. Van Wagner says the program
probably will be improved and possibly
expanded as time goes on. Exactly what
form or forms any addition or expansion
of the program will take has not been
determined fully, but a potential\
major contribution to the well-being of
the annuitants is a plan under which
surplus foods from the United States
may be brought here at Panama Canal
Company expense for distribution to
them, along with their cash relief checks.
Hopes are that arrangements may be
completed for the first of the surplus
food to arrive here within 4 to 6 weeks,
then be divided and distributed among
the annuitants, man\ of \\hom report-
edlly are ill-nourished onr inder-nourished.
Other efforts to improve the lot of
the annuitants also may result from a
petition delivered to Governor Fleming
late in March by a delegation of
annuitants from the Atlantic side. The
petition, signed by 500 Atlantic-side
annuitants, asked that the cash relief
payments to them be increased, a move
that depends upon congressional action.
Governor Fleming assured the delega-
tion that every consideration will be
given the petition, although he pointed
out that he could not promise any
immediate results. The present pay-
ments to annuitants range from about
$25 to $55 per month.
With the recently hired physicians
now available to follow up in cases of
illness discovered by the nurses in their
visits to the homes of annuitants, the
nurses report an incidental effect
which they believe indicates some of the
intangible results of the program.
"Many of these old people have
become so used to being ignored by
almost everyone," one of the nurses
commented, "that they frequently fail
to keep their rooms or homes tidy or
even reasonably clean. And a lot of
times they wouldn't follow medical
advice. It's different now, though. Most
of them follow the doctor's orders and
do their best to keep their quarters
clean. I think one reason is that they're
never sure when one of the doctors or
nurses is going to stop in-and their
pride makes them want everything in
order."
Thus, the program not only is improv-
ing the health care received by the
annuitants but also is providing them
with revived interest in life and
their surroundings.


Charter members of Canal Zone Chapter of AAUP pose with President Turbyfill.


Recognition of Professional Stature


Local Unit of AAUP


Chartered


A CANAL ZONE CHAPTER of the
American Association of University
Professors was officially launched last
month as Lt. Coy. W. P. Leber presented
the charter from the national organiza-
tion to Subert Turbyfill, first President
of the Chapter.
Organization of the local unit of the
AAUP gives recognition to the profes-
sional stature, attainments, and accom-
plishments of faculty members of the
Canal Zone Junior College, which long
has been fully accredited by the Middle
States Accrediting Association and
approved by leading cultural and edu-
cational bodies in the United States.
Although younger and consequently\
having far less membership, the AAUP
is for college professors what the Ameri-
can Medical Association is for doctors
and the American Bar Association is for
attorneys. At the present time, the
AAUP has more than 600 chapters
among the 2,000 colleges of the nation,
with more than 50,000 professor-
members.
Charter members of the local unit,
in addition to President Turbyfill, are
Charles R. Bowen, Vice President;
Margaret Catel, Secretary-Treasurer;


Jacque E. Cook, James H. Johnson,
James A. Lyons, De Witt E. Myers, and
Kenneth \'. Vinton.
Before the presentation of the charter
by Lieutenant Governor Leber, brief
remarks were made by 1. I. Everson,
Director of the Civil Affairs Bureau;
Sigurd E. Esser, Superintendent of
Schools; Roger C. Hackett, Dean of
Canal Zone Junior College; President
Turbyfill; and Vice President Bowen.
The AAUP, with national headquart-
ers in Washington, D.C., is a constituent
member of the American Council on
Education and member of the Interna-
tional Association of University Profes-
sors and Lecturers. Independently and
in cooperation with other organizations,
it has sought the formulation, recogni-
tion, and observance of principles and
practices necessary to the free quest for
knowledge. An explicit enunciation of
the professional view, the Statement of
Principles on Academic Freedom and
Tenure, was formulated by the AAUP
jointly with the Association of American
Colleges, and has been endorsed by
many colleges, universities, and national
organizations.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


IL --q -
m~if ?






EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988


Employee-Management Cooperation

in the Federal Service






A NEW ERA



AHEAD


THE STAGE has been set for a new
era in relations between employees of
the U.S. Government and the man-
agement of the governmental units
for which they work, including the
Canal organization.
An Executive order clearly establish-
ing the rights of Federal employees to
organize and to participate in the form-
ulation of personnel policies affecting
them and their working conditions is
the basic element of the stage-setting.
Signed by President Kennedy on Jan-
uary 17, Executive Order No. 10988
entitled "Employee-Mlanagement Coop-
eration in the Federal Service," will exert
a major influence on the future prac-
tices, procedures, activities, and rela-
tionships of employee organizations and
the management of the Canal enterprise.
A major objective of the Executive
order, as expressed in the explanatory
preamble, is that "subject to law and
the paramount requirements of public
service, employee-management relations
within the Federal service should be
improved by providing employees an
opportunity for greater participation in
the formulation and implementation of
policies and procedures affecting the
conditions of their employment."
Although the order permits the head
of a Federal agency located outside the
United States, such as the Canal organi-
zation, to suspend any provision of the
order \\hen it is considered necessary
in the national interest, Canal Zone
Governor Fleming, has made it clear
that he intends to implement the intent
of the order through appropriate rules
and regulations.
A committee composed of the Secre-
ta rf Labor as chairman, the Secretary
of I tse, the Postmaster General,
and the C airman of the Civil Service
Commission ow is preparing a report
Implementation of the Executive


order. The Canal's Personnel Bureau is
awaiting the suggested "guidelines" for
implementing the order which are to
result from the committee's work. It
may be a number of weeks before the
guidelines are received and detailed
work on appropriate rules and regula-
tions for the Canal organization can
be started.
Commenting on the Executive order,
Governor Fleming said, "There are a
number of problems which must be
worked out before regulations can be
issued, but I know they can be resolved
through careful study by officials of the
Personnel Bureau, in consultation with
representatives of Canal employees.
"The Personnel Bureau has been
instructed to prepare the necessary rules
and regulations to transform the Execu-
tive order from a directive on what the
President wants done into a working
plan for accomplishing it. Employee
representatives will be consulted in
regard to these rules and regulations
and I, personally, will carefully review
them before they are issued.
"I want to assure all employees that
uppermost in my mind, while consider-
ing the rules and regulations, will be
the objective of faithfully adhering to
the intent of the Executive order and
insuring that the procedures established
will bring the full benefits of the order
to the more than 14,000 employees of
the waterway.
"Even at this preliminary stage of
our study of the Executive order," the
Governor continued, "it is apparent
that two major problems which will
arise in implementing it are (1) the
type of recognition to be given employee
organizations and (2) deciding what
constitutes an appropriate unit for
recognition purposes.
"Fortunately, these two problems are
recognized by employee organizations


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.\APmi. 6. 1.)62





ship in any employee organization.
(b) The rights described in this sec-
tion do not extend to participation in
tne management of an employee organ-
ization, or acting as a representative
of any such organization, where such
pa ticipation or activity would result in
a convict of interest or otherwise be
incompatible with law or with the
official duties of an employee.
Section 2. When used in this order,
the term "employee organization"
means any lawful association, labor
organization, federation, council, or
brotherhood having as a primary pur-
pose the improvement of working con-
ctitions among Federal employees, or
any craft, trade or industrial union
whose membership includes both Fed-
eral emplo ees and employees of pri-
vate organizations; but such term shall
not include any organization (1) which
asserts the right to strike against the
Government of the United States or any
agency thereof, or to assist or partici-
pate in any such strike, or which
imposes a duty or obligation to conduct,
assist or participate in any such strike,
or (2) which advocates the overthrow
of the constitutional form of Govern-
ment in the United States, or (3) which
discriminates with regard to the terms
or conditions of membership because
of race, color, creed or national origin.
Section 3. (a) Agencies shall accord
informal, formal or exclusive recogni-
tion to employee organizations which
request such recognition in conformity
with the requirements specified in see-
tions 4, 5 and 6 of this order, except
that no recognition shall be accorded
to any employee organization which the
head of the agency considers to be so
subject to corrupt influences or influ-
ences opposed to basic democratic
principles that recognition would be
inconsistent with the objectives of
this order.
(b) Recognition of an employee
organization shall continue so long as
such organization satisfies the criteria
of this order applicable to such recog-
nition; but nothing in this section shall
require any' agency to determine
whether an organization should become
or continue to be recognized as exclu-
sive representative of the employees in
any unit within 12 months after a prior
determination of exclusive status with
respect to such unit has been made
pursuant to the provisions of this order.
(c) Recognition, in whatever form
accorded, shall not-
(1) preclude any. employee, regard-
less of employee organization member-
ship, from bringing matters of personal


Section 14. The head of each
agency, in accordance with the pro-
visions of this order and regulations
prescribed by the Civil Service Com-
mission, shall extend to all employees
in the competitive civil service rights
identical in adverse action cases to
those provided preference eligibles
under section 14 of the Veterans'
Preference Act of 1944, as amended.
Each employee in the competitive
service shall have the right to appeal
to the Civil Service Commission from
an adverse decision of the adminis-


concern to the attention of appropriate
officials in accordance with applicable
law, rule, regulation, or established
agency policy, or from choosing his
own representative in a grievance or
appellate action; or
(2) preclude or restrict consultations
and dealings between an agency and
any veterans organization with respect
to matters of particular interest to
employees with veterans preference; or
(3) preclude an agency from consult-
ing or dealing with any religious, social,
fraternal or other lawful association, not
qualified as an employee organization,
with respect to matters or policies which
involve individual members of the asso-
ciation or are of particular applica-
bility to it or its members, when such
consultations or dealings are duly
limited so as not to assume the charac-
ter of formal consultation on matters
of general employee-management pol-
icy or to extend to areas where recogni-
tion of the interests of one employee
group may result in discrimination
against or injury to the interest of
other employees.
Section 4. (a) An agency shall accord
an employee organization, which does
not qualify for exclusive or formal
recognition, informal recognition as
representative of its member employees
without regard to whether any
other employee organization has been
accorded formal or exclusive recog-
nition as representative of some or all
employees in an\" unit.
(b) When an employee organization
has been informally recognized, it shall,
to the extent consistent with the effi-
cient and orderly conduct of the public
business, be permitted to present to
appropriate officials its views on matters
of concern to its members. The agency
need not, however, consult with an


trative officer so acting, such appeal
to be processed in an identical
manner to that provided for appeals
under section 14 of the Veterans'
Preference Act. Any recommenda-
tion by the Civil Service Commission
submitted to the head of an agency
on the basis of an appeal by an
employee in the competitive service
shall be complied with by the head
of the agency. This section shall
become effective as to all adverse
actions commenced by issuance of a
notification of proposed action on or
after July 1, 1962.


employee organization so organized in
the formulation of personnel or other
policies with respect to such matters.
Section 5. (a) An agency shall accord
an employee organization formal recog-
nition as the representative of its mem-
bers in a unit as defined by the agency
when (1) no other employee organiza-
tion is qualified for exclusive recog-
nition as representative of employees
in the unit, (2) it is determined by the
agency that the employee organization
has a substantial and stable member-
ship of no less than 10 per centum
of the employees in the unit, and (3)
the employee organization has submit-
ted to the agency a roster of its officers
and representatives, a copy of its con-
stitution and by-laws, and a statement
of objectives. \When, in the opinion of
the head of an agency, an employee
organization has a sufficient number
of local organizations or a sufficient
total membership within such agency,
such organization may be accorded
formal recognition at the national level,
but such recognition shall not preclude
the agency from dealing at the national
level with any other employee organiza-
tion on matters affecting its members.
(b) When an employee organization
has been formally recognized, the
agency, through appropriate officials,
shall consult with such organization
from time to time in the formulation
and implementation of personnel
policies and practices, and matters
affecting working conditions that are of
concern to its members. Any such organi-
zation shall be entitled from time to time
to raise such matters for discussion with
appropriate officials and at all times to
present its views thereon in writing. In
no case, however, shall an agency be
required to consult with an employee
organization which has been formally


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Appeal Rights Equalized





recognized with respect to any matter
which, if the employee organization
were one entitled to exclusive recog-
nition, would not be included within
the obligation to meet and confer, as
described in section 6(b) of this order.

Section 6. (a) An agency shall recog-
nize an employee organization as the
exclusive representative of the em-
ployees in an appropriate unit when
such organization is eligible for formal
recognition pursuant to section 5 of this
order, and has been designated or
selected by a majority of the employees
of such unit as the representative of
such employees in such unit. Units may
be established on any plant or instal-
lation, craft, functional or other basis
which will ensure a clear and identi-
fiable community of interest among the
employees concerned, but no unit shall
be established solely on the basis of the
extent to which employees in the pro-
posed unit have organized. Except
where otherwise required by estab-
lished practice, prior agreement, or
special circumstances, no unit shall be
established for purposes of exclusive
recognition which includes (1) any
managerial executive, (2) any employee
engaged in Federal personnel work in
other than a purely clerical capacity,
(3) both supervisors who officially eval-
uate the performance of employees and
the employees whom they supervise, or
(4) both professional employees and
nonprofessional employees unless a
majority of such professional employees
vote for inclusion in such unit.
(b) When an employee organiza-
tion has been recognized as the exclu-
sive representative of employees of an
appropriate unit it shall be entitled to
act for and to negotiate agreements
covering all employees in the unit and
shall be responsible for representing
the interests of all such employees with-
out discrimination and without regard
to employee organization membership.
Such employee organization shall he
given the opportunity to be represented
at discussions between management and
employees or employee representatives
concerning grievances, personnel pol-
icies and practices, or other matters
affecting general working conditions of
employees in the unit. The agency and
such employee organization, through
appropriate officials and representatives.
shall meet at reasonable times and con-
fer with respect to personnel policy and
practices and matters affecting working
cn editions so far as may be appropriate
suibjet t o law and policy requirements.
This extends to the negotiation of anl
agreement, or any question arising
lc render, the determination of appro-


private techniques, consistent with the
terms and purposes of this order, to
assist in sucn negotiation, and the exe-
cution ot a written memorandum of
agreement or understanding incorpo-
rating any agreement reached by the
parties. In exercising authority to make
Stiles and regulations relating to person-
nel policies and practices and working
conditions, agencies shall have due
regard for the obligation imposed by
tils section, but such obligation shall
not be construed to extend to such
areas of discretion and policy as the
mission of an agency, its budget, its
organization and the assignment of
its personnel, or the technology of
performing its work.
Section 7. Any basic or initial agree-
ment entered into with an employee
organization as the exclusive represent-
ative of employees in a unit must be
approved by the head of the agency or
any official designated by him. All
agreements with such employee orga-
nizations shall also be subject to the fol-
lowing requirements, which shall be
expressly stated in the initial or basic
agreement and shall be applicable to all
supplemental, implementing, subsidiary
or informal agreements between the
agency and the organization:
(1) In the administration of all mat-
ters covered by the agreement, officials
and employees are governed by the
provisions of any existing or future laws
and regulations, including policies set
forth in the Federal Personnel Manual
and agency regulations, which may be
applicable, and the agreement shall at
all times be applied subject to such
laws. regulations and policies;
(2) Management officials of the
agency retain the right, in accordance
with applicable laws and regulations,
(a) to direct employees of the agency,
(b) to hire, promote, transfer, assign,
and retain employees in positions within
the agency, and to suspend, demote,
discharge, or take other disciplinary
action against employees. (c) to relieve
employees from duties because of lack
of work or for other legitimate reasons,
(d) to maintain the efficiency of the
Government operations entrusted to
them, (e) to determine the methods.
means and personnel by which such
operations are to be conducted; and
(f) to take whatever actions may he
necessary to earry out the mission of
the agency ill situations of emergency.

Section 8. (a) Agreements entered
into or negotiated in accordance with
this order with an employee organiza-
tion which is the exclusive represent-
ative of employees in an appropriate


unit may contain provisions, applicable
only to employees in the unit, concern-
ing procedures for consideration of
grievances. Such procedures (1) shall
conform to standards issued by the
Livil Service Commission, and (2) may
not in any manner diminish or impair
any rights which would otherwise be
available to alny employee in the
absence of an agreement providing for
such procedures.
(b) Procedures established by an
agreement which are otherwise in con-
formity with this section may include
provisions for the arbitration of griev-
ances. Such arbitration (1) shall be
advisory in nature with any decisions
or recommendations subject to the
approval of the agency head; (2) shall
extend only to the interpretation or
application of agreements or agency
policy and not to changes in or proposed
changes in agreements or agency policy;
and (3) shall be invoked only with the
approval of the individual employee or
employees concerned.
Section 9. Solicitation of member-
ships, clues, or other internal employee
organization business shall be con-
ducted during the non-duty hours of
the employees concerned. Officially
requested or approved consultations and
meetings between management officials
and representatives of recognized
employee organizations shall, whenever
practicable, be conducted on official
time, but any agency may require that
negotiations with an employee organi-
zation which has been accorded exclu-
sive recognition be conducted during
the non-duty hours of the employee
organization representatives involved in
such negotiations.
Section 10. No later than July 1,
1962, the head of each agency shall
issue appropriate policies, rules and
regulations for the implementation of
this order, including: A clear statement
of the rights of its employees under the
order; policies and procedures with
respect to recognition of employee
organizations; procedures for cletermin-
ing appropriate employee units; policies
and practices regarding consultation
with representatives of employee organ-
izations, other organizations and indi-
vidual employees; and policies with
respect to the use of agency facilities
by employee organizations. Insofar as
nmay be practicable and appropriate,
agencies shall consult with represent-
atives of employee organizations in
the formulation of these policies, rules
and regulations.
Section 11. Each agency shall be
responsible for determining in accord-

10 APRIL 6, 1962





ance with this order whether a unit is
appropriate for purposes of exclusive
recognition and, by an election or
other appropriate means, whether an
employee organization represents a
majority of the employees in such a unit
so as to be entitled to such recognition.
Upon the request of any agency, or of
any organization which is seeking exclu-
sive recognition and which qualifies for
or has been accorded formal recogni-
tion, the Secretary of Labor, subject to
such necessary rules as he may pres-
cribe, shall nominate from the National
Panel of Arbitrators maintained by the
Federal Mediation and Conciliation
Service one or more qualified arbitra-
tors who will be available for employ-
ment by the agency concerned for either
or both of the following purposes, as
may be required: (1) to investigate the
facts and issue an advisory decision as
to the appropriateness of a unit for pur-
poses of exclusive recognition and as to
related issues submitted for considera-
tion; (2) to conduct or supervise an
election or otherwise determine by such
means as may be appropriate, and on an
advisor\ basis, whether an employee
organization represents the majority of
the employees in a unit.
o 0 a
Section 13. (a) The Civil Service
Commission and the Department of
Labor shall jointly prepare (1)
proposed standards of conduct for
employee organizations and (2) a pro-
posed code of fair labor practices in
employee-management relations in the
Federal service appropriate to assist in
securing the uniform and effective
implementation of the policies, rights
and responsibilities described in this
order.

Section 15. Nothing in this order
shall be construed to annul or modify,
or to preclude the renewal or continua-
tion of, any lawful agreement hereto-
fore entered into between any agency
and any representative of its employees.
Nor shall this order preclude any agency
from continuing to consult or deal with
any representative of its employees or
other organization prior to the time that
the status and representation rights of
such representative or organization are
determined in conformity with this order.


Copie. available
COMPLETE COPIES of Executive
Order No. 10988, the major perti-
nent parts of which are printed in
the foregoing article, can be obtained
from the Personnel Bureau at
Balboa Heights.


Governor Fleming
addresses annual
meeting of
engineers.













Challenges of the Present

"Emotional, Social, Human"


"THERE ARE always people in any
society\ who have closed their minds to
everything outside their own ever-
narrowing viewpoints," in the opinion
of Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., writing
in the lead editorial of the March-April
issue of Tihe Military Engineer magazine.
"These people," Governor Fleming
says, "can become dangerous when
they can grab popular causes and use
thcm as a cloak. Their militancy then
gives them influence far beyond their
worth. And the atmosphere of confusion
so created can become a tremendous
passive roadblock in the way of positive
solutions to our problems."
The Governor, who often has voiced
his concern with "human values," also
discussed what he termed the "excessive
chauvinism" of "self-appointed mes-
siahs" in a talk to the Canal Zone Soci-
ety of Professional Engineers late in
February. The talk, very similar in
thought and expression to the magazine
editorial,was the Governor's first public
speech since arriving on the Isthmus.
In both the speech and the magazine
editorial, which has been reprinted in
the Congressional Record at the request
of Rep. Daniel I. Flood, the Governor
expressed his disapproval of individuals
who blindly oppose all change, saying
such persons "hy pnotize themselves into
a belief that their narrow viewpoint is
normal." He asserted, "1 have no respect
for their judgment and I think they
are stupid."
"We have a priceless asset-the
American dream," the Governor told
his Canal Zone audience. "Many people


have tried to define it, but it has never
been defined better than in the Decla-
ration of Independence: 'We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that all men
are created equal, that they are
endlowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable Rights, that among these
are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of
Happiness.'
"That heritage of ours imposes a
responsibility on us," the Governor
continued. "The rest of the world ex-
pects us to live up to that ideal. The
emotional revolution and the explosive
pressures in the world today have been
triggered off to a great extent by other
people trying to follow the example
which Americans of past generations
have given them. We must, ourselves,
continue to follow that example."
He concluded by saying, "We Ameri-
cans have a job to do-we must raise
our sights and raise our minds in order
to do it. ... The past met material
challenges; their problems were im-
posed by physical conditions which
could be combatted physically. Present
obstacles are not physical; they are
emotional, they are social, they are
human. And meeting them is not as sim-
ple as overcoming physical adversity.
"To meet satisfactorily the challenge
of the human and emotional factors
with which we are now\ surrounded
requires an intellect with enough vision
to comprehend it, going beyond mate-
rial and finite facts. It also requires a
real dedication, in fact and not merely
in words, to the American dream of
equal opportunity for all."


THiE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


























Hold( ii 1141 it.


The Building of a Bridge


Ride to work. THE VITAL STATISTICS of the three-
span, arch-truss type, high-level Thatcher
*P Fens rIidge ale:
Length: 5,425 feet in 14 spans, abut-
imeent to abutment.
Longest span: 1,128 feet, across
channel.
Height above watei: 201 feet clearance
*at high tide.
Height to highest point: 384 feet above
mean sea level.
\Width of approach spans: 34 foot road-
way, with three traffic lanes, and
a 4-foot walk.
Width of tied-arch span: 42-foot road-
way, with four traffic lanes, and
a 4-foot walk
Roadway\: 7-inch reinforced concrete.
Foiiiidations: Reinforced concrete
ablIutnments and piers testing oni firm
rock or on reinlfor.ced concrete cais-
sons swhichli extend down to firm rock.
Designer: Svtedrup & Parcel & Associ-
Sats. Inc.. of St. Louis.
Con tractors and bid prices, major
contracts:
Substructure: Fruin Clnon Inter-
national, S.A.-Le Boeuf &
Donghert, Iinc.. a joint ventule,
of St. Louis,
S Superstructure: John F. lteasley
Constructinn Co., Dallas.
\'West approach. L. H. Sommer,
Pillll.,in.
East approach and paving of both
/ east and \\west approach.
Bildon. Inc., Panama.
/ 7Tivoh Ave. widening and extenl-
sioll, Isthmianll Constructors, Inc.
Total estimated cost, $20 million.

12


'' %aic Ii. .1 .I 0 li C U .


C l ii,, Ilbe gap.


1L1111' ".1 (10'ow


B.dill. -, 11m. 11d TileJ1C ~I!


11.f I % I I I










SEWING



CIRCLE



Women of Cativa learn
sewing art with assist-
ance of Mrs. W. P. Leber


Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Lcber with Cativa


children and members of sewing class.


THE WOMEN of Walalla \lla in the
State of Washington, U.S.A., and those
living in the little town of Cativa, Colon
Province, Republic of Panama, are
thousands of miles apart geographi-
cally and, with only rare exceptions,
never will meet face to face. Despite


A newly-made dress for Cativa miss.




-pr


TT


V


/I


this, however, close bonds of friendship
have been established through the
medliium of needles and thread and sew-
ino material, with Mrs. W. P. Leber,
wife of Canal Zone Lieutenant Gov-
ernor Leber. serving as intermediary.
Bright and early every Monday
morning, Mrs. Leber loads her ear w ith
contributions of materials sent by the
Women's Guilds of Walla Walla, and
Zone contributions, adds a supply
of hot coffee and cookies, then sets
off for Cativa, on the Atlantic side of
the Isthmus.
At Cativa, about 30 women gather
in the church-the center of village
activities-for the wveekl\ sewing class
which Mrs. Leber conducts. The class
has become the weekly high point of
the village women's social activities.
Scrap materials, together with needles
and thread are handed out, and fingers
begin to fl). Mrs. Leber's slogan for her
Cativa serving class is "make one thing
for yourself, and one for someone else."
Thus even the poorest attain a sense
of pride in sharing, those unable to
participate in the class benefit, none-
theless, and the entire community\ gains.
The women in the sewing class take
great pains with, and as much pride
in. the articles they make for someone
else as they do in those they make for
their own use or for their families.
One vyong woman showed Mrs.
Leber an attractive shirt she had com-
pleted and with considerable pleasure
announced that this was her contribui-


tion to someone else. Haltingly, she
added that she had never before been
able to give anyone else a gift, and she
seemed to gain stature as she placed
her donation in Mrs. Leber's hands.
Some of the women, as their contri-
bution to someone else, are working on
the blouses, skirts, shirts, and trousers
which are the local school uniform.
"This year," they say, "we'll make sure
that every child in Cativa will have a
school uniform and no one will have
to stay home because they have nothing
suital;le to wear."
The Walla Walla women are happy
about their participation in the project.
As they've written Mrs. Leber, herself
a former Walla Walla resident, for the
first time they know exactly where their
contributions are going and what is
being done with them. The Cativa
women are pleased and thrilled with
the sewing skill they are learning under
Mrs. Leber's guidance. Moreover,
they have a precious sewing machine,
carefully housed in the church.
Jos6 Dominador Bazzin, Second Vice
President of the Republic of Panama,
recently wrote to the Women's Guilds
of Saint Paul's Church, Walla Walla:
"The residents of the small town of
Cativa, near Colon, have told me of the
wonderful work being accomplished in
their village under the guidance of Mrs.
Walter P. Leber, who for the past sev-
eral months has been teaching a group
of local ladies to sew'. This project
would not be possible were it not

14 APuIL 6, 1962


r





for the cloth and other materials
which have been donated for use in
these sewing classes.
"I understand that the members of
your Guilds have sent many packages
of materials for use in this extremely
worthy cause, and I want to thank you
very much for your assistance.
"Projects such as this, in which peo-
ple are helped in helping themselves,
are most worthwhile and most benefi-
cial. Please express my sincere appre-
ciation to all members of your Guilds
for their generous assistance."
When Mrs. Leber, shortly\ after arriv-
ing in the Canal Zone, sought a project
to promote self-help among the needy,
rather than dole out charity, the Rev.
Victor Watson of Colon suggested the
village of Cativa, where man\ were
destitute and desperately in need of
help. Father Watson offered the use of
the village church and community
center, Mrs. Leber obtained a gift sew-
ing machine for use by her "pupils,"
appeals went out to individuals and
organizations, the ladies of \alla Walla
were contacted, contributions began to
come in, and the project was underway.
The Cativa women take turns using
the one sewing machine on Mondays
and the church caretaker has the keys
so that the machine may be used during
the week.
Designs are often unusual but al\ avs
colorful and every scrap is used. Skirts,
blouses, potholders, children's dresses,
and little boys' trousers, are among the
many articles made under the guidance
of "Bernie," as the village women
affectionately call Mrs. Leber.
A high point of Mrs Leber's visit to
Cativa is the "kaffee klatch" when a
rest break is taken, and the coffee and
cookies she brought are served.
In addition to the materials contri-
buted by the women of Walla Walla,
Mrs. Leber is receiving materials from
local people who have heard of the
project. Among these are Mrs. Ava
\iley of Balboa, Mrs. Eleanor Burnham
of Los Rios, Mrs. R. O. Theriault, T. G.
Relihan, and L. A. Ferguson, all of
Balboa Heights, and Mrs. Joseph
Farland, wife of the U.S. Ambassador
to Panama.
Almost any ring at Mrs. Leber's door-
bell may mean someone has brought
another box of pieces of material,
zippers, buttons, thread, rickrack braid,
and odds and ends that may be of
no use to the householder, but repre-
sent a treasure trove to Mrs. Leber's
sewing class in Cativa, a village where
the strange-sounding name of Walla
Walla has taken on special meaning
and significance.


= .
F o r- 9'--0 Z ,.--.


Eugenia D. Koutrousi
A TEENAGE GIRL and her older
brother may never travel far from their
native village of Serres, Greece, or meet
any of the three Canal Zone employees
who have befriended them for several
years, but it's a certainty that they'll
ne\er forget those Zone employees.
The girl, 14-year-old Eugenia D.
Koutrousi, now is serving an apprentice-
ship as a dressmaker, \w while her brother,
Leonidas, is completing an apprentice-
ship as a printer. Without the assistance
provided by their three friends in the
Zone, the brother and sister would be
working at menial, low-paying jobs
instead of learning trades.
The two Greek youngsters are the
children of a couple married in 1940.
The family survived World War II only
to see their home burned to the ground
during an attack by Communist guer-
rillas in the postwar civil disturbances
in Greece. The family moved to another
village, but Mr. Koutrousi was in poor
health and unable to work. Mrs. Kout-
rousi worked as a laundress and in the
tobacco fields to support the family.
After her husband died in April 1951,
Mrs. Koutrousi became ill and the
family's economic condition deterio-
rated to an extremely\ low point. They
lived in a single room with practically
no furniture, household goods, or even
adequate clothing.
In early 1953, the family's plight was
outlined to Fred E. Wells of the
Company Government's Transportation
Section, in response to a query he sent
to the Save the Children Federation
about the possibility of assisting in the
work of the Federation.
The information Mr. Wells received
was shown to his co-workers, L. W.
Peterson and Mrs. Barbara Hutchings.
Impressed with the Koutrousi family's
obvious need for help, the three decided


The



Long



Arm



of Friendship







to join in sponsoring Eugenia, who then
was only 5 years of age. To become her
sponsors" they pledged a yearly con-
tribution of $100, which since has been
increased to $150. Five years later, in
the summer of 1958, they increased
their aid to the family by also sponsor-
ing Leonidas, who then was 17 \ears of
age. They have continued to sponsor
both since that time.
In addition to their regular sponsor-
ship payments, the Zone employees also
have sent occasional gift packages and
cash presents to supplement the family's
meager standard of living. Brushing
aside compliments about their contri-
butions, the three sponsors say they are
quite happy with their 9 years as
sponsors, feeling they have been repaid
many times by the knowledge that their
assistance has provided a deserving
family with a better present and a more
promising future.

Leonidas Koutrousi


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW










PAYOFF



For suggestions

and superior
performance


Governor Fleming presents wateh to Porter MeHlan as Marine Director Capt. Richard
C. J.ack and Maurice B. Nickle. recently-named chief of Industrial Division, stand by.


THE LARCEST cash award ever
made for a single suggestion under
the Company Government's Incentive
Awards Program was presented last
month by Governor Fleming to three
employees of the Industrial Division
who devised a new procedure for
fabricating 28-inch pontoon pipes.
The three men, Owen J. Corrigan,
Ra\ 1M. Smith, and Cyrus W. Field,
each received checks for $260, repre-
senting one-third of the total award of
$780 for the suggestion. It is estimated
that the new procedure, utilizing
submerged arc welding, resulted inl
average annual sa vings of $23,633.


The three men were among 17
employees who, in a ceremony at
Balboa Heights, received cash awards
totaling 82,070 for suggestions and
superior service.
An Industrial Division employee also
figured in another recent action asso-
ciated with the Incentive Awards Pro-
gram. He is Porter M McHan, lead
foreman welder in the division's boiler
shop. Mr. lcHan was presented with
a gold watch by Governor Fleming in
recognition of having submitted the
most beneficial suggestion accepted
under the Incentive Awards Program
during 1961.


Governor Fleming with award winners Owen J. Corrigan, Ray Smith, and Cyrus W. Field.


I
5,


Mr. Mlcllan's suggestion also was
concerned with dredging pipe, but was
related to reconditioning of badly worn
ball joints rather than making the pipe.
During the March ceremony in which
the three Industrial Division employees
split the $780 award, five other
employees were awarded $100 or more.
One of the five Roy Burgener of
the Communications Branch, received
$375 as a supplemental award on a
suggestion for which he previously had
received $2.50, raising the total award
for the suggestion to $625. The supple-
mental award resulted from reevalua-
tion of a suggestion he made on conver-
sion of micro-wave impulse repeaters.
Two employees of the Atlantic Locks,
Walter D. Johnson, Lock operator, and
H. C. Christie, lead Lock operator,
divided a $400 superior service award
for development and improvement of
devices and procedures involved in the
overhaul of Panama Canal Locks.
A check for $225 went to Herman
H. Keepers of the Dredging Division
for suggesting a method by which the
sun switches used on acetylene gas
buoys can be remachined and adapted
for electrical operation. Warren D.
Mar( luard of the Supply Division re-
ceived a $100 check for developing an
improved procedure for stock control of
slow-moving items in the retail stores.
Other recipients and their awards
were: William T. Lyons, $25; Richard
A. McClean, $25: Calvin Shepherd,
$20; Mrs. Nina J. Jenkins, $20; Anthony
Malagutti, $20; Joseph L. Sestito, $26:
Alfredo Archibald, $20; and Paul
13adonskv, $15.


APHI. 6, 1962


1.4





"I DON'T FEEL much older now than
when I started," Vivian E. Johnson,
65-year-old native of Jamaica asserted
jovially, as he accepted the congratu-
lations and best wishes of the many
friends he made during almost 40 years
of employment with the Canal organi-
zation on the Pacific side. Mr. Johnson
retired at the end of February.
Known to hundreds of Pacific-side
employees and residents, the friendly
Administration Building messenger had
worked as waiter, motorcycle messen-
ger, and mail clerk during his many
years with the Canal enterprise.
On his final working day, Mr. John-
son acknowledged that he had never
handled anything more complicated
than a bicycle prior to applying for a
job as a motorcycle messenger the same
year as the Isthmian waterway went
into operation. He mastered the 2-
wheeled vehicle, however, and deliv-
ered official mail, packages, and mes-
sages aboard one of them until 1956,
when the motorcycle was replaced with
a light truck.
The retiree came to the Isthmus from
Jamaica in 1913 and wxxnt to work for
the Canal the same year. He had a short
break in service during 1914, but since
then has been employed continuously
by the waterway.


W .1 11 -- .-sa
Forrest G. Iunsmoor laughs at humorous card presented to Vivian E. Johnson on last
day of work. Package held by Mr. Johnson contains gift radio. Harold 1. Perantie watches.


On his last day of work, Mr. Johnson
was given a portable radio by his fellow
employees, with F. C. Dunsmoor,
Administrative Assistant and Deputy
Executive Secretary, making the pre-
sentation. Harold I. Perantie, Chief of


the Administrative Branch, also was on
hand for the informal farewell ceremony.
Mr. Johnson will spend his retire-
ment in Panama City, where he has
been making his home for the past
several years.


INTERESTING PEOPLE


LIKE A NUMBER of the hundreds of
skilled craftsmen who keep Canal equip-
ment and installations in ship-shape
condition and repair, Victor M. Bricefio
is a boilermaker. But a specialty within
the boilermaking trade gave Mr. Bri-
cefio a unique title in the Canal
organization for a number of years
and continues to provide him with
unique duties.
The title of boilermakerr, layerout,"
which Mr. Bricefio once carried, was
discarded about 5 years ago. His job
title now is boilermakerr inspector," but
he continues to be the leading and only
steady practitioner of "layerout" work
among Canal boilermakers.
Mr. Bricefio's specialty is roughly
similar in nature to the task a 'woman
faces when she buys a pattern and a
partial bolt of cloth, then sets out to
make herself a dress. There are a num-
ber of very sharp differences, however,
and these differences represent the train-
ing required of Mr. Briceino in contrast
to that required of the dressmaker.
The woman with the pattern has to
figure out howx best to pin the tissue-
thin pieces of the pattern to the cloth,
then follow the instructions provided.
Mr. Bricefio is not supplied with any


such simple and easily followed cutouts.
He must transfer shapes and sizes of
a scaled drawing or blueprint to the
heavy, tough plate of steel from which
the pieces are to be cut.
And, without benefit of cutouts
which can be shuffled around like
checkers to determine the most desirable
arrangement, Mr. Bricefio must deter-
mine howv to get the most pieces from
the plate of steel without wasting the
costly metal. A major measure of his
skill and ability is the speed and accu-
racy with which he can accomplish this.
A native and citizen of Panama, where
he was ornom on September 4, 1914,
just 20 days after the Isthmian water-
way was opened to commercial traffic,
Mr. Bricefio had studied at the Inclan
Institute in Havana, Cuba, before
becoming one of two Panamanian
youths selected for apprenticeships with
the Canal enterprise in 1931.
From 1935. when he completed his
apprenticeship, to 1948, Mr. Bricefio's
job title remained simply boilermakerr."
But in fiul of the latter year, the
additional word "layerout" was tacked
to it.
He acquired his present job title in
1959, but his duties still include the


I-


"laverout" work needed in the boiler
shop of the Industrial Division at
Mount Hope.

Victor M. Bricefio at work.


L IF



-.
b -J
::_ '^
*.iiii.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


t


~-c,












mq' 1
N
: .I
1 ,,,
"" '.,I ,.


:,... ..-... .

Capt. Axton T. Jones, Director of Transportation and Terminals Bureau, and Atlantic-
side softball players watch as Frederick J. Wainio accepts championship trophy on behalf
of Terminals Division team. Miss Elena Pamnell of Rainbow City made the presentation.


Worth Knowing


C(LASSICAL and modern ballet one night, and Spanish dances the other, were
presented in Balboa Stadium performances March 28 and 29 by pupils of Panama's National
Schol of Dance. The invitation to appear in the Canal Zone was extended by Governor
Flemingo, on behalf of the Canal Zone division of Schools, to the ministerr of Education of
the Republic of Panama and the Department of Fine Arts, which is under this Ministr..
A number of Zone children wlo study at the school were among thle performers.


-- -. -.


CONTINUING to follow its motto that
"A Healthy Body Houses a Healthy
Mind," the Atlantic Division Softball
League last month rounded out its
fourth year by awarding the League
Championship trophy to the Terminals
Division team.
Unlike some Stateside professional
leagues, the Atlantic Division Softball
League isn't dominated by one or two
outstanding teams. The Retail Store
Division team copped the top spot in
1959, the Industrial Division in 1960,
and the Locks Division in 1961. "Also
rans" have included teams from the
Health Bureau, Schools Division, Elec-
tiical Division. Maintenance Division,
Police Division, Fire Division, and
Grounds Branch.
A number of the participating teams
are sponsored b\ business firms in the
publicc of Panama, while other firms
have contributed prizes, according to
Alberto II. Dogue, President of the
League. Executive Board members of
the League, in addition to Mr. Dogue,
are Lloyd Smith, vice president; Walter
Clark, secretary-treasurer; Kelvin Bar-
nett, publicity ; Harold Rowland, public
relations; and Astor Lewis, advisor.
Noting that the annual softball season
is looked forward to with great enthu-
siasm by both players and spectators,
members of the Executive Board say
they believe such adult recreation "has
quite a lot to do with employee morale."

18 APIIL 6, 1962


WV'"





FUTURE archeological explorations in
the Canal Zone will be limited to
qualified representatives of museums,
universities, colleges, and other recog-
nized scientific and educational institu-
tions or societies in the United States or
on the Isthmus of Panama, if a bill
(H.R. 9946) submitted in the House of
Representatives becomes law.
Introduced at the request of the
Canal Zone Government, the proposed
law is designed to preserve as a public
heritage all items of prehistorical and his-
torical value and to increase knowledge
about such items.
If the proposal becomes law, permits
to allow qualified archeological explo-
rations in the Zone would be issued by
the Canal Zone Governor or appropriate
military and naval authorities "only to
reputable museums, universities, col-
leges, or other recognized scientific or
educational institutions or societies" or
their agents. The bill is designed to
clarify and make certain the law and
regulations governing archeological
explorations in the Canal Zone.
The bill also would provide that "no
person shall excavate, explore, injure,
destroy, or appropriate any prehistoric
or historic ruin, site, wreck, or other
thing of prehistorical value except as
authorized" under the law.
The bill provides that any object,
article, or thing of prehistorical or his-
torical value taken, removed, or appro-
priated without a permit, or contrary
to the terms of a permit, can he seized
whenever and wherever found by
any person authorized to enforce the
provisions of the law.
Anyone found guilty of violating the
proposed law would he punishable by
imprisonment for not more than
90 days, or by a fine of not more than
$50(, or both.



CONTINUOUS CONTRIBUTIONS
of both time and service to the Special
Education Association of the Canal
Zone by Forrest C. Dunsmoor since it
was founded almost 5 years ago were
rewarded last month with a dinner in
his honor at the Tivoli Guest House.
A bronze plaque was presented to
Mr. Dunsmoor by Gregorio Toribio of
Gamboa and a testimonu;a letter was
read by Mrs. Dorothy Bitter. The letter
said, in part, "You are responsible for
making the heavy hearts of parents
lighter and for helping to create a new
world of hope and happiness for the
handicapped," and concluded by recog-
nizing Mr. Dunsmoor's "Distinguished
service to handicapped persons and to
the community.'


THE CARNIVAL FEVER once more
has come to the Isthmus, gone its infec-
tious way, and departed, but memories
of the festivities linger.
There are the memories which the
various queens will cherish for mamn
years, the memories of those who
helped plan the celebration, the mem-
ories of those who participated in the
activities, and the memories of those
who did little more than observe.
In the Canal Zone community, there
are thousands who still relish the plea-
sure and excitement of the Carnival, but
six persons in particular retained very
special treasure troves of personal expe-
riences as the revelry was concluded
with the "burial of the fish."
Those six are the four girls who
reigned as queens in their respective
Canal Zone communities and the two
men who served as chairmen of Carni-
\val committees on the two sides of the


The clown of the
Sy ,, Canal organization's
float grinned in
delight at the
Carnival merriment.









Isthmus. In addition to their memories,
the four girls and the two chairmen
have letters of appreciation from Cov-
ernor Fleming expressing his admiration
for the manner in which tlhe\ fulfilled
their respective obligations.
The queens were: Miss Hazel Kirkland
of Coco Solo, Atlantic side; Miss Irene
Michaelis, Balboa, Pacific side; Miss
Sonva Thorne, Santa Cruz: and Miss
Yolanda Henlon, Rainbow City. The
chairmen were: Dwight Van Evera,
Pacific side; and Gilbert A. Sollas,
Atlantic side.
In addition to these six, there was
one other individual with a special
melnor of the 1962 Carnival. He is
Frank Kwai Ben of the Panama Canal
Company Engineering Division, who
earned a $100 prize for designing the
identical Canal Zone floats which par-
ticipated in the parades on both sdes
of the Isthmus.


Atlantic-side Queen Hazel Kirkland and her court reigned with beauty and poise.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SF CE BURE
Kenne O. ;eale
T( rn( Opera r

RI 'E B 'R AU
IId It Peua


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Murphy B. Alexander
Lead Foreman, Public Works
Wharfbuilder
Azariah Bunr
Helper Phl
Joseph M. Ford
Helper Electrici
Pierre A. Gibbs
Carpenter
Iloward Green
Leader Na tion Ai
Mainten. iceman
Arnold L. Sandi
Sheetmetal Worker


MARINE BUREAU
George M. Lowe
Supervisory Administrative
Services Assistant
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
E BUREAU
iet
f garbage C le or
J nathan A. S ctt
Automotive ramle Operator
TRANSPOI A ION AND
TERMl C LY BUREAU
uc avo a
V I rer
Volner Swaby
Cargo Clerk


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Kenneth Mason
Mail and File Supervisor
Ruhv L. Roberts
File Clerk
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Russell T. Rillison
Police Sergeant
HIollis Griffon
District Detective
Gardner R. larris
Police Private
Chrysostom A. Trapp
Leader Laborer Cleaner
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Amos C. Duncan
Oiler, Floating Plant
Arthur N. McFarlane
Helper Electronics Mechanic
F6lix G. L6pez
Oiler, Floating Plant
Pablo E. Troya
Seaman
Eric J. Salkey
Clerk
Ilarry F. Shannon
machinist, Maintenance
Antonio Palma
Wharfbuilder
Clovis Sinisterra
Oiler. Floating Plant
IIEALTH BUREAU
Herbert B. Dwyer
Patient Food Service
Attendant
Lemuel Rose
Nursing Assistant, Psychiatry
Joseph S. Shaw
Patient Food Service
\ttendant!
('arlota S. Nation
Nur' A\ assistant. Medicine
r ry
Edward Tholas
Nus Assist at. Medicine

W 'lhrorcr W. Smith
Sic d Aid, Orthopedics


MARINE BUREAU
Clyde W. Archer
Deckhand
Rogelio 11. Pifiate
Launch Seaman
N. L. MeFarlane
Deckhand Boatswain
Julia J. Holmes
Time and Leave Supervisor
Abraham Julio
Deckhand
fliginio Nfiiez
Helper Lock Operator
Frank E. Thomas
Painter
Benjamin Tcjada
Heavy Laborer
Daniel A. Glen
Ind
onue larencee

aimes n se
Lau -h pe to






Deckhand

Dorrell II. Irving
Carpenter, Maintenance
Sully Oscar
Teletepist
Carlos Ortega
Asphalt or Cement Worker
Climaco Becerra
Heavy Laborer
Randolph J. Donawa
Helper Lock Operator
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Gwendolin A. Ncwell
Retail Store Sales Checker
Ivy F. Lewis
Counter Attendant
Florence W. Vaughn
Clerk


Claude V. Halligan
Utility Worker
Iris Yard
Pantrynman
Roberto Martinez
Paker
Celimo Cascante
Milker
Leonora C. John
Sales Clerk
Syl] cstra Worrcll
Sales Section Head
Lilian Rutherford
Sales Clerk
Edith Peters
Sales Clerk
Hillario Cort6z
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Winifred M. Perrott
Grocery Worker
Jasper N. Mcdford
Laborer Cleaner
F. de la Lastra
Laborer
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Moses N. Raymond
Painter, Maintenance
Rodolfo Lozano
Clerk Checker
Jose Barraza
Tire Builder
Clifford A. Richards
Chauffeur
Wilmoth N. Cameron
Brakeman
Antonio F. Visqucz
Clerk Checker
Pr6spcro C6rdoba
Railroad Trackman
F. J. Brathwaitc
Clerk
Gerald Charles
Clerk Checker
Martin Amador
Guard
Clifford A. Aitken
ligh Lift Truck Operator


APRIL 6, 1962


I I






PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
February 5 through March 5


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between February 5 and
March 5 are listed below. Withlin-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
not listed.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Cliford S. Tomlison, from Seaman, Dredg-
ing Division, to Detention Guard,
Police Division.
Elmer II. Bennett, from Truck Driver,
Motor Transportation Division, to Fire-
fighter, Fire Division.
Charles E. Chase, Jr., from Theater Usher,
Supply Division, to Substitute Phila-
telic Order Filler, Postal Division.
Division of Schools
Alice A. Floyd. from Substitute Teacher to
Elementary and Secondary School
Teacher.
Arthur Baptist, Avanso A. Farrell, and
Stanford A. Levy, from Heavy Laborer
to Swimming Pool Operator.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Thomas W. Grimison, from Engineering
Draftsman, Ship Construction, Indus-
trial Division, to Engineering Draftsman,
Architectural, Engineering Division.
Dredging Division
Russell C. Stevens, from Administrative
Assistant, to Construction and Main-
tenance Superintendent.
Bernard M. Parmentier, from Leader Boil-
maker, to Lead Foreman, Welding and
Forging.
Richard Danvers, from Floating Plant Fire-
man, to Floating Plant Watertender.
Woodrow L. Stephens. Jorge A. Fuentes.
Rogelio II. Pinate, Rafael A. Lascano,
R. B. Lasso, Jaime Salas, Adolfo K.
Nobuhira, Clark Sinclar, William A.
Gibbons, Rafael I. Blanco, John Chand-
ler, Jr., Wilfred West, Iugh S. Abed-
nego, from Launch Seaman to Launch
Operator.
Magdaleno Navarro, from Heavy Laborer,
to Launch Seaman.
Gladstone L. King, S. O. Fields, C. L.
Irumluig, P. C. Neblett, J. A. Charles,
Rail Rodriguez, from Deckhand to
Seaman.
Alfonso Paul, Felipe Soo, Alonso Sanchez,
Gonzalo L6pez, Sidney A. Legore.
George H. Aleyne, Ernesto O. Williams,
Carlos J. Reyes, Edwin Miller, Walter L.
Clarke, Wilbur T. Greaves, Walter S.
Thompson, John Frederick, Ezra Cohen,
Juan Sheffer, Jaroth E. Archibald,
Roberto Feurtado, Luis Alberto, Wilfred
E. Stuart, Albert S. Hunter, from Deck-
hand, Navigation Division, to Launch
Seaman.
lDoingo Mufioz, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Boatman.
Electrical Division
Robert L. Hummer, from Apprentice
Machinist, Industrial Division, to
Apprentice Powver Plant Operator.
Rudolph Coppin, from Helper Lock
Operator, Locks Division, to Helper
Electrician.
Amos A. Brathwaite, from Heavy Laborer,
to Helper Cable Splicer.
Noel U. Baptist, from Utility Worker, Sup-
ply Division, to Helper Electrician.


Maintenance Division
Max C. Conover, from Lead Foreman,
Buildings, to General Foreman, Buildings.
Nelson 0. Williar, from Leader Joiner, to
Lead Foreman, Buildings.
John D. Mitchusson, from Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning mechanic, to Leader
Relrigeration and Air Conditioning
Mechanic.
Jos MI. Oquendo, from Maintenanceman,
to Cement Finisher.
Ernest Stephenson, from Helper Painter,
to Painter.
Wilfred U. Forbes, from Helper Machinist,
Maintenance, to Oiler.
Luther Smith, from Helper Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning Mechanic, to Oiler.
Pedro P. Musmanno, Heavy Laborer, from
Industrial Division.
Estehan Justavino, Carlos A. MIarin. from
Laborer, to Heavy Laborer.
Ram6n E. Arosemena, Aniceto Jin6nez,
from Heavy Laborer, to General Helper.
Hugh E. Gadsby, from General Ilelper, to
Maintenanceman.
Contract and Inspection Division
Albert S. Adams, James M. Thompson. Jr.,
trom Engineering Aid, General, to
Construction Inspector, General.
HEALTII BUREAU
Gorgas Hospital
Alice B. Mayo, from Staff Nurse, to Staff
Nurse, Medicine and Surgery.
Guillermo L. Dixon, from Clerk, to Teller.
Luis Rivera, from Housekeeping Aid, to
Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Surgery.
Valentine A. Edwards, from \ard Service
Aid, to Nursing Assistant, Medicine
and Surgery.
Clive Lavalle, Angel Lino, from Ware-
houseman, to Stockman.
Antonio Castillero, Baudilio GonzAlez,
Joseph W. C. Ilaig. Jos6 Ortega. Daniel
G. Roper, from Pharmacy Helper, to
Pharmacy Assistant.
Coco Solo IHospital
Ruby E. Radel, from Staff Nurse, Medicine
and Surgery, to Nurse Supervisor.
Sylvester Green, from Hospital Laborer, to
NursingAssistant, Medicine and Surgery.
Arnoldo Rook, from Attendant, to Hospital
Laborer.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Maxine A. Cawl, Arden L. Swisher, from
Time and Leave Clerk, to Supervisor)
Timekeeper.
Fredrick W. Jones, from Signalman, to
Clerical Assistant.
George L. Edghill, Joseph R. McLean,
Frank S. Wason, from Clerk, to Clerical
Assistant.
Kenneth L. Anderson, Ilarold G. Henry,
from Deckhand, to Timekeeper.
Claude E. Burgess, from Launch Dis-
patcher, to Timekeeper.
Erick I. Raphael. Pablo E. Salas, from
Clerk, to Timekeeper.
Carlton S. Mullin, Firmin A. Reid, from
Clerk-Typist, to Timekeeper.
Russell A. Weade, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, to General Foreman,
Docking and Undocking.
Emilio II. Archer, Carlos C. Castillo, Edgar
Shaw, from Launch Dispateher, to Clerk.
Leslie L. Maynard, Clyde Austin, Rodolph


A. Francis, Aurelio Newball, Gaston E.
Ileadley, W\oodrow L. Luglrin, Leo-
nardo V. Blackman, Alvin Hall, from
Deckhand, to Clerk.
Joel A. Prince, from Deckhand, to Launch
Dispatcher.
Dudley O. Prescott, from Seaman, to Clerk.
Edmond Augustine, Borris A. Ellis, Victor
Ramos, from Heavy Laborer, to Launch
Seaman.
Locks Division
Clifford S. Asbury, from Leader Lock
Operator Machinist, to Lead Foreman,
Lock Operations.
Oscar L. Ilakanson, from Lock Operator
Machinist, to Leader Lock Operator
Machinist.
Gilbert II. Davis, Woodrow W. Richard-
son, from Lock Operator Iron \orker-
\\'elder, to Leader Lock Operator Iron
Worker-WVelder.
Robert E. Waggoner, from Guard, to Loco-
motive Operator.
Manuel S. Ilenriquez, from Line Ilandler,
to Boatman.
Lionel Bryan, Juan Joseph, Severino Nava-
Iro, Irom Line Handler, to Helper Lock
Operator.
OFFICE OF TIE COMPTROLLER
Walter C. Bottin, from Distribution Clerk,
Postal Division, to Teller Treasury
Branch.
Norma M. Jones, from Office Machine
Operator, to Card Punch Operator,
Accounting Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Timoteo lagall6n, from Stevedore. Ter-
minals Division, to Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division.
Supply Division
Theresa Douglas, from Counter Attendant,
to Sales Clerk.
Joseph Buval, from Light Packer, to Store-
keeping Clerk.
Clarence 1). Bovell, from Truck Driver, to
Leader Laborer.
NicolAs Cameron, from Utility Worker, to
Sales Clerk.
Earl R. Samuels, from Utility Worker, to
Service Station Attendant.
Hepburn S. Barber, from Utility Worker,
to Kitchen Attendant.
John M. Eberenz, from Theater Usher, to
Theater Doorman.
)onald C. Escalona, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Package Boy.
Roberto Bowen, Alvin L. Foster, from
Package Boy, to Utility Worker.
Octax io Betlaneourt, from Laborer Cleaner,
to Ileaxy Laborer.
Martin F. llarper, from Scrap Materials
Sorter, to Scrap Flame Cutter.
Ivy NM. Gillespie, from Heavy Laborer, to
\Varehouseman.
Solomon II. Da Costa, from Laundry
Checker, to Warehouseman.
llarlington C. Davidson, Zacarias Gari-
haldi, Claudius T. Samuels, Eladio Mon-
tero, from Heavy Laborer, to Heavy-
Cold Storage Laborer.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
John J. Cusick, from General Agent, Water
Transportation Division, to Water Trans-
portation Officer (Chief, Water Transpor-
tation Division).
(See p. 22)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







CANAL


h r
I ISTO'"1RY

50 Years Ago
A COMM ITTEE was appointed inl
April 1912 to recommend sites for the
permanent administrative headquarters
and offices of the Canal and a permna-
nent settlement for Canal employees inl
the vicinity of the Pacific terminus.
TiE CA\AL RECORD noted that the site


Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Otho F. Iloltzelaw, from Carman, Wood
and Steel, to Inspector, Railroad Division.
Jorge A. Brown, from Service Station
Attendant, to Chaluleur, Motor Trans-
portation Division.
Terminals Division
Harold L. Shaw, Leopold Lester. Arthur
II. Peter, Selvin A. Bryan. Kenneth L.
Reid, Lucilo fl. Iloyte, Louie II. MNc-
Nish, Clarence Belgrave, George R.
Athias, Glenvill 1). Franklin, Alfred
Vega, Nugent B. Josephs, from Super-
visory Clerk Checker, to Supervisory
Cargo Cheeker.
David Benskin. from Typewriter Repair-
man, Industrial Division, to Cargo
Checker.
Arturo E. Agard, Jr., John R. Burnham,
Erick G. MeFarlane, Rieardo M\loeno,
George W.Pinnock, Luis E. Smith, Clau-
dis I). Gowdie, Cyril S. lall, lenry A.
Foulen, Willred C. Gittens, Frederick
McKenzie, Edgard S. Baptiste, Ferdi-
nando Cherie, Carlos R. Evering, larold
S.MeLeod, Hubert E.Anderson, Antoine
Dudley, Romeo Francis, Basilio V. ilol-
ness, Gabriel Correa, Alcides D. Linares,
Llewellyn C. Smith, Edgar Mewa., Jos6
A. Palacios, lose C. Naranjo, Joseph R.
Alleyne, Alphaes Plato. Gregorio Cama-
rena, Wendall P. Maynard, G. A.
Wittaker, Ernest A. Turnbull, James S.
Lewis, Richard Toppin, Paul J. Harper,
Jos6 R. Llovell, Miguel W. Oruitiner,
Joscelyn F. Parker, Arnold Benjamin,
George E. Makers, Filix Jeamnnarie,
Vernal Rose, Harry Inniss, Lloyd L.
Holder, Vincent T. Gray, Victor I.
Sunirez, Roy J. \IeLenan, Roy W. Bryan,
S Iv ester A. Patterson. Oliver 0. Clarke,
Joseph O. Nicholson, Alfred M. Franklin,
Enclid C. Jordan, Carlos R. Cameron,
Rupert II. Sales, Arthur XI. Farenx,
Florentino Rivera, Carlos E. James,
Riehardo Thompson, David A. DeCosta,
Wilfred MeFarquhar, Edgar C. Erskine,
Ernie E. Wareham, Charles T. Whyte.
W. C. Millett, Jr., Charles L. Welsh,
Roland I). Hinds, Melvyn II. Jones.
George F. Piper, Jr., Vincent A. Foster,
Carlos E. Pernett, William W. Camp-
bIll, C:l;rence T. Drakes, Iludolph E.
Fuller, Like \. Les i, Theophilus Carter,
\lli'e Wi Bruno. Leonard Brown, lohn F.
\itlerson. Carl )s alexander Adrian A.
i k Lis, Rafael C1lhong, Sidney II. Ander-
ih's 1). Mtorant, Filomneno Boyes,
C( ~: I' Iambert, t'arl B.C.Janniere,
Il rI Stewart, William U. Allen,


for the office headquarters "will be oin
Sosa Hill or at some other place nearby."
The warmest weather during the 8
years of U.S. construction acti\ itv on the
Isthmus was recorded, as tle mercury
reached 97 at Ancon on April 7 and
96' at Culebra on April 17.
The ladder dredge Corozal went to
work in the Pacific entrance of the
Canal on April 15. The dredge had
arrived at Balboa on March 27 after
sailing 12,064 miles from Clyde. Scot-
land, w here she was built for the Canal
organization. The trip reiluiredl 117
days, 96 of which were actual sailing
time. Capable of excavating more than
1,200 tons of soft mater ial a11 hour from


Robeit W Ward, Icelus A. Stewart,
Augnstus St. John, Joseph A. Williams,
Ferdinand E. Wynter, Benjamin S. Shoy,
Alton C. Anderson, Aston L. Morris,
Rodolph W. Treleaven, Magan Lallu,
Mario J. Ceballos, Perry A. Marsden,
Herbert Clark, from Clerk Checker, to
Cargo Checker.
Ilorace Lewis, Elliot F. Whitaker, Alloric
Earle, Ilubert McFarlane, Sibert C.
Treleaven, Cecil L. Lowe, Charles
Simon, Wilbert C. lordan, Lesley G.
Anderson, Arthur L. Whittaker, George
G. Ilibbert, Ormand 1R. garrison, from
Cargo Clerk, to Cargo Checker.
William J. Simpson, from Stevedore, to
Wincliman.
Alejandro Sandoval, from Deekhand, Navi-
gation Division, to Stevedore.
Jorge Garay, James L. Gaskin. Pablo Otero,
from Dock Worker, to Stevedore.
Walton G. Green, Albert A. MeQueen,
Bently B. Murpliy, Frank L. Titus, Leo-
pold Williams, from Laborer, to I leavy
Laborer.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
William R. Bailey, Gerald W. Colfey,
Marine Traffic Controller, Navigation
Division.
Emelina Frensley, Secretary, Panama
Canal Information Office.
Frances D. Wheeler, Accounting Techni-
cian, Accounting Division.
Guillermo Van Hoorde, Construction Ins-
pector,Contract and Inspection Division.
Edgard F. Bascombe, Alberto N. Biggs,
Patricio Blackman, Wilbert T. Dryden.
Philip Ottey, Joseph N. Springer,
Samuel E. Taylor, Kenneth Wade, Clerk,
Navigation Division.
Eugenio Calamie, Clerk-Typist, Division
of Schools.
Joyce A. Clarke, Clerk-Typist, Contract
and Inspection Division.
James A. Dowlin. Lloyd B. Joseph. Manuel
S. Rivera, Bookkeeping Machine Oper-
ator, Accounting Iivis'ion.
Albert 11. George, Clarence A. Lambert,
Utility Worker, Supply Division.
Francis V. Lord, Letterpress Pressman,
Printing Plant, Mount Hope.
Joln S. Romelis, Timekeeper, Navigation
Division.
IHarder Singh, Cargo Clerk, Terminals
Division.
Carmen M1. Smith, Graduate Intern,
Business Administration, Office of the
Director, Supply and Community Service
Bureau.


a depth of 50 feet, the Corozal was sched-
uled for use in digging an estimated
4 million cubic yards of material from
the Pacific entrance to the waterway.
From May 1904 through April 1912,
the U.S.-directed construction forces had
used almost 50 million pounds of dyna-
mite, while excavating 168,486,884
cubic yards of material and spending
8254,818,475.17 on the Canal project.
25 Years Ago
SCRAP IRON, pig iron, and steel
and iron manufactur(-s moved south
through the Canal at a record rale 25
years ago. It was announced in April
that tonnage of this type of cargo
during the previous month had set a
new record. Almost all of the scrap and
pig iron was being shipped from the
U.S. east coast ports to the Far East,
principally Japan. Such iron and steel
shipments accounted for more than 42
percent of the 1,048,337 tons of cargo
which moved to the Pacific through
the Canal during the month.
Widening of the Panama Canal chan-
nel through Miraflores Lake between
Pedro Miguel and Miraflores Locks,
which had been started 5 years previ-
ouslN, was completed in April 1937 by
the Dredging Division. The work con-
sisted of widening the channel from 500
to 700 feet from the south end of Pedro
Miguel Locks to the north end of
liraflores Locks.
10 Years Ago
BRIG. GEN. JOHN S. SEYBOLD
was nominated as Governor of the
Canal Zone to succeed Gov. Francis K.
Newcomer 10 years ago. It was the first
time in the history of the Canal that an
Arlm officer without previous serv-
ice wilh the organization had been
appointed to the position of Governor.
Previously the post of Governor nor-
mally had gone to the Engineer of
Maintenance, who usually served 4
\ears before he moved into the top
Canal post. This practice had started
with Gov. Chester Harding, who suc-
cecded Col. George \V. Goethals, the
first Canal Zone Governor.
Plans for construction in Balboa of
a 56-foot memorial to Col. Goelhals
were approved on April 7, 1952, 1v
Prt sideiit Truman.
Year Ago
DRAFT RESTRICTIONS were placed
in effect during the month limiting
transits to ships with drafts of no more
than 35 feet and 9 inches. Maximum
draft for ships with beams of 90 feet
or more was 6 inches less, or 35 feet
and 3 inches. The restrictions were
imposed as Gatun Lake dropped below
84 feet.

22 APRIL 6, 1962






--SAFETY




Pop Makes the Rules

(But Does He Obey Them?)


ALL OF US realize that safety\ is
really serious business, but every once
in a while we have come across a safety
message written in a laconic, offbeat
vein which lends a touch of humor.
One such item appeared in an issue
of Safety News Letter, Machine Shop
Section, published by the National
Safety Council, and we take the liberty
of retelling it:



RETIREMENTS
RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of February to the
employees listed below, with their posi-
tions at time of retirement and years of
Canal service:
Manuel Arosemena, Helper Machinist, In-
dustrial Division; 42 years.
Patricio Borhua, Boatman, Dredging Divi-
sion; 24 years, 5 months, 13 days.
Robert E. L. Brown, Supervisory Construc-
tion Management Engineer, Contract
and Inspection Division; 19 years, 1
month, 7 days.
Estehan Chaivez, Deckhand. Navigation
Division: 21 years, 10 months.
Eldridge Dunn-Moodie, File Clerk, Coco
Solo Hospital: 39 years, 1 month,
29 days.
Vivian E. Johnson, Mail Clerk, Adminis-
trative Branch; 45 years, 4 months,
9 days.
Walter R. Lindsay, Agronomist, Community
Services Division; 31 years, 1 month,
t I days.
Julius G. Lusky, Towboat or Ferry Master,
Navigation Division; 17 years, I day.
Anthony C. Maggiori, Lock Operator Iron
Worker-Welder, Locks Division; 35
years, 15 days.
James Malone, Heavy Laborer, Supply
Division; 34 years, 6 months, 17 days.
Andrew J. May, Service Center Supervisor,
Supply Division; 20 years, 3 months,
27 days.
Cuthbert L. Padmore, Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division; 222 years,
I month, 1 day.
Lionel A. Seon, Deckhand Boatswain, Nav-
igation Division; 40 years, 9 months.
10 days.
Pala Singh, Dock Worker, Terminals Divi-
sion; 22 years, 27 days.
Charles A. Stewart, Leader Lock Operator
Machinist, Locks Division; 27 years,
2 months.
Neheaniah B. Taylor, Laborer Cleaner,
Division of Schools; 20 years, II months,
21 days.
Ilerbert Watson, Deckhand, Navigation
Division; 41 years, 2 months, 12 days.
Stanley Yearwood, Dock Worker, Termi-
nals Division; 21 years, 10 months,
25 days.


A little one is born, and a new sover-
eign rules the household. Immediately,
the little bundle in pink or blue becomes
the axis of all activity.
Pop, having proven there was more
there than meets the eve, lays down an
ultimatum that nothing shall happen or
be allowed to exist that can interfere
with the chances of little Noodnick to
survive and grow up. "Be careful of
those drafts; give him some air; that
water is too hot: that water is too cold;
sterilize that bottle; you're feeding him
too much; he's starving to death; don't
leave him in those wet drawers; don't
sneeze in his face; stop breathing when
you look at him; don't smother him;
clon't wake him up just to change him;
has he got enough clothes on? What's
his temperature? Did you ever see such
an intelligent face? Etc., etc.
Woe be it to anyone hurting that
baby.
Alter prescribing the rules for mother
to follow for the day, what does Pop do?
Does lie think about what he can do for
the welfare of the kid?
Little does Pop stop to think that
there's a killer in his home!
The killer? Poisons! They lurk every-
w\here. In the medicine cabinet, under
the kitchen sink, on dressing tables.
You'll even find them on food shelves,
in the workshop, and in the cleaning
closet.
These camouflaged killers in tlhe
home take more than 1,000 lives annu-
all\y. They take a steady toll throughout
the year-about 120 lives a month.
Pop does not realize that the most
frequent victims are children 5 years of
ACCIDENTS

FOR

THIS MONTH

AND

THIS YEAR

FIRST
FEBRUARY FIAS
CAS
*62
ALL UNITS 215 49
YEAR TO DATE 403 102


age or younger.
The types of accidental poisoners are
as varied as the containers they come
in-bleach, permanent wave solution,
shampoo, nail polish remover, furniture
polish, art supplies, bug killers, paint
removers, and thinners.
Regardless of the killer, in just about
every instance there's an accomplice to
the crime-carelessness or ignorance.
And when it comes to driving, just
how\ welfare-minded is Pop where
little Noodnik is concerned?
Pop hops in the car, roars out of the
drive, and into the street on his way
to work.
Pop's a past master at all tricks in
driving. lie's got that 30-minute drive to
the plant down to a slick 23 minutes.
Of course, that's exceeding the limits a
bit in school and residential areas, but
lie's not stupid like the drivers for whom
those limits were set.
Pop is always the first one at the
timeclock at quitting time. Also, he
takes the stairs two or three at a time,
roars out of the parking lot, and 7 cau-
tion lights, 5 tight intersections, 7 stops
on a dime, 21 jet propelled take-offs,
S horn honkings, and yes, 2 scared kids
on bikes that someday could well be one
of his o\\n, he comes to a stop in his
own driveway.
He hops out of the car and yells,
"where's my boy? Don't tell me you've
let something happen to him. One of
these days, veh one of these days.
whammo right in the kisser-if you do.
That kid's going to have \\hat I wasn't
able to have."
What's he mean-a widowed mother?
I


AID DISABLING DAY
:S INJURIES LOS
'61 '62 '61 '62
1(301) 11 10(2) 282
6(623) 23 26(4) 6360
Locks Overhaul injuries included in to*al


T
'61
564(26)
561 26)


TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








-H


PPI


Hawaiian Cruise
TIE RIS Andes, which is one of Great
Britain's few full-time cruise liners
operating on a year around basis from
the United Kingdom, has made two
trips through the Panama Canal this
year. \ith a full list of cruise passen-
gers, the Andes made the Canal transit
southbound in January en route to the
U.S. west coast and Hawaii. The vessel
returned to the Canal the last of- Feb-
ruarl on the return leg of -her 62-day
winter cruise and s.iolgd for,' So.u.th
anpton via Barbadosr.and Lisbon,
The cruise to Hawvaiir was thE last
voyage for Capt. Geoffrey M. Fletchrm-"
master of the Andes, who retired upon
his return to England. 'A veteran of
38 years with the Royal Mail Lines,
Captain Fletcher has also been in com-
mand of the Loch Acon, Loch Loyan,
and the Highland Brigade, all of which
are regular customers of the Canal.

Record Load of Barley
A RECORD-BREAKING CARGO of
barley en route to Poland from the U.S.
west coast passed through the Canal
March 13 aboard the tanker-grain
carrier Titan, which loaded its 37,149
long-ton load in Portland, Oreg., and
Seattle, Wash. The shipment, which is
equivalent to 2,350,000 bushels of
grain, surpassed by one-third the largest
cargo of a single grain in U.S. maritime
history which was shipped through the
Canal to Poland in 1961 aboard the
tanker Trans'ca.steirn.
The Titan, a 735.6-foot-long super-
tanker, which can carry either oil or
grain, is owned by the Overseas Oil
Transport Co. and operated by A. N.
Bull. It flys tle U.S. flag and was built
on the U.S. east coast in 1960. Although
this was her first transit of the Canal.
it was not whr first trip to Poland with
grain. The Titan loaded 1,549,000
bushels of w heat for Poland in 1960 at
Baton Rouge and New Orleans.
Despite the size of her cargo, the
tanker was not loaded to her full capac-
ity. Because ol draft restrictions oil
superships passing through the Canal
for the first tine, her cargo was limited
to her draft to a miaximumi of
:33 frct.
(C Fernie & Co., which acted las
. (of.i t for the Tranisa.stern, also handled
li Tiv"in at the C(anal.


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-(
VESSELS IN FEBRU

Commercial. ...............
U.S. Government ...........
Free transits ...............
T total ...............
TOLLS"
Commercial ..... $4,114,601
U.S. Government. 140,857
Total .... $4,255,458
CARGO*
Commercial ..... 4,869,175
U.S. Co ernmnent. 233,546
Total..... 5,102,721


GOING main doors and partitions are of
ARY etched glass. The ship also carries
1961 1962 a valuable collection of Chinese and
843 841 Japanese paintings.
20 11 The Riu Tlng is the first of two cargo
5 11 ships to be built for this trade. The
- second will be tile Siam Yung, due at
68 863 the Canal April 4. Like its sister ship,
the Siam Y'ung will make the voyage
$4,390,163 between Yokohama and New York in
47,207 approximately 23 (lays and will call at
.$4,437,370 other U.S. Atlantic ports and gulf ports
4, 0 on its return voyage.


5,290,974
55,038
5,346,012


'Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small
**Cargo figures are in long tons.


New 18-Knot Ship
A NEW ADDITION to the fleet of
ships which maintain a regular service
between the east coast of North Amer-
ica and Australia and New Zealand is
the motorship City of Canberra, which
sailed from New York in January and
passed through the Canal on its maiden
voyage to Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne,
and Adelaide.
The new 18-knot ship has 240,000
cubic feet of refrigerated cargo space
to accommodate the"down under"prod-
uets which she transports to the United
States on her return trips. The City of
Canberra is operated by the Elleman
Line and is represented at the Canal
by Norton, Lilly & Co.
Chinese Luxury Freighter
A NEW FAST SERVICE between
Foimosa, Yokohama, and New York
was introduced last month by the Orient
Overseas Lines. The Rtu Yung, a brand
new Chinese passenger cargo ship,
passed southbound through the Canal
March 15 on the second half of her
maiden voyage between New York and
the Far East.
The Ru Yung, built in Japan at a cost
of $3.5 million, is of the closed shelter-
deck type and has accommodations
for 14 first-class and 12 tourist-class
passengers. All public rooms and living
quarters are air conditioned. In addition
to the usual dining rooms, there are
music room-bar-library, a special Chi-
nese lounge, and an enclosed observation
gallery on the top (leek. Japanese maple
was used for paneling, while tlhe


Boomerang to Australia
SHIPS OPERATED by the Swedish
East Asiatic Co. of Gothenburg are
ruining through the Canal these days
oni an express service between Australia
and the west coast of South America to
the West Indies and U.S. gulf ports.
Named the Boomerang Cargo Line,
the service was inaugurated in February
by the inotorship Vegaland, sailing from
Houston and New Orleans. It was fol-
lowed by the Sanieland. The ships oper-
ate on a regular bi-monthly service from
Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and Bris-
bane to Callao, Guayaquil, Buenaven-
tura, Cartagena, La Giiaira, Port-of-
Spain, Bridgetovwn, Georgetown, Para-
maribo, Kingston, and the U.S. gulfports.
The ships have a speed of 16 knots
and have general cargo, reefer, and
deep tank storage space. C. B. Fenton
& Co. handles the vessels at the Canal.

Bid for "Aneon" Rejected
THE ONLY BID received by the
Maritime Administration for the Anicon,
formerly used in Canal steamship oper-
ations, has been rejected and the vessel
probably will be readvertised. Bids
were opened March 9 in Washington,
D.C. The Ancon was removed from
service last year and since that time has
been docked in New Orleans.
Oil Rig Transits
IT WAS an odd-looking customer that
moved south through the Canal on
March 20 as an oil-drilling rig mounted
on a self-propelled drill barge made
the transit.
The rig, which was on its way from
Texas to Alaska, is to be used for off-
shore oil exploration. It was approxi-
mately 180 feet high, making it one of
the tallest pieces of equipment ever to
pass through the Canal. The barge on
which it was mounted was 267 feet long.


APRIL 6, 1962


N


G




Full Text

PAGE 2

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES

PAGE 3

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie129pana

PAGE 7

£^teiZ( / IN THIS ISSUE You and Executive Order 10988 From Walla Walla to Panama Challenges of the Present Bridge Spectacular

PAGE 8

Robert J. Fleming, Jr., Governor-President \\ I'. Leber, Lieutenant Governor Will Arey Panama Canal Information Officer ifaFih, N. D. Christensen, Press Officer Joseph Connor, Publications Editor Editorial Assistants: Eunice Richard and Tobi Bittel William Burns, Official Photographer Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope,Canal Zone On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights, C. Z. Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C. Z. Going Up and Over Thatcher Ferry Bridge THE HEAVIEST SINGLE LIFT scheduled during construction of Thatcher FernBridge was completed successfully early in March, as the steel framework of the structure inched skyward from the side-of-channel piers toward its sweeping center crest. Securely fastened to the main load block of the 300-foot boom of the barge-floated crane being used to lift truss members and other parts to the highest points of the bridge, the 98-ton mass of steel was lifted almost straight up to its assigned position, where the skilled men working for John F. Beasley Construction Co. bolted and pinned it securely into place. The massive section, shown being fitted into place in the cover photo, represented more than simply the heaviest single piece of superstructure to be lifted for the bridge. It also was the first major section of the tied-arch, suspended span which will swoop high above the waterway. (For additional striking photos of construction work on the bridge, including one of the 98-ton section being tugged upward, see pages 12 and 13.) As March ended, each day's work was visibly lessening the distance remaining to be spanned by the soaring crest of the bridge. Officials in charge of the project estimate that by mid-May the protruding ends of the bridge will have met and been fastened together above the channel. Much work still will remain to be done after that, but from a visual standpoint most of it will be anticlimax. The S20 million bridge is scheduled for completion this fall and present plans call for it to be opened to traffic this fall. While the tons of steel which make up the supporting superstructure of the bridge still are being moved into place, work is progressing on paving of the roadway which the bridge will carry across the Isthmian waterway. Simultaneously, work was moving forward on the widening I extension of the new 4-lane street which will lead to and from the bridge on the east side of the channel. The new and improved approach roadway is slated to be ready for use when tin last yard of concrete on the bridge roadway, the final lighting fixture, the finishing daub of paint, has been put in place and the Formal opening ceremonies completed. Index Needed: Water, Water, Water 3 Isthmian Visitors 5 Program for Better Healt.._ 6 Local Unit of AAUP Chartered 7 A New Era Ahead: Executive Order 10988. S Challenges of the Present. 11 The Building of a Bridge12 Sewing Circle in Cativa 14 The Long Arm of Friendship 15 Payoff— for Suggestions and Superior Performance. 16 Interesting People 17 Worth Knowing18 Anniversaries-. 20 Promotions and Transfers-21 Canal History 22 Pop Makes the Rules 23 Retirements23 SI lipping 24 April 6. 1962

PAGE 9

NEEDED: Water, Water, WATER Studies now being made to find best way to meet needs. Hydroelectric power generated at Madden causes no loss of water ANY ISTHMIAN" NEWCOMER who w atches the almost daily deluges of the rainy season might find it difficult to believe that lack of water ever would become a problem here. But those familiar with the Canal operation and the almost rainless months of the dry season recognize the very real and continuing concern about the available supplv of water. Every complete lockage from one ocean to the other requires 52 million gallons of water, which is approximately the same amount as an industrial Stateside city of 50,000 would use in a week's time. It is true that this amount of water, vast as it is. nevertheless is only the proverbial "drop in the bucket." compared to all the rainfall here. The gimmick that might trick the newcomer watching the rainy season weather is that there also is an annual dry season from January to May. Most of the water to be used during those months must be stored during the rainy season. It is this necessity for storing water during the rainy season to sustain Canal operations during the dry season that causes furrowed brows among Canal officials. At the present time. Canal storage facilities are capable of impounding somewhat less than one-fourth of the average available runoff. The increasing Canal traffic of recent years and consequent increases in the use of water for ship transits is causing fresh concern about future water requirements for the first time since 1935, when Madden Dam was completed. In recent years, there have been brief and minor water shortages during extradry seasons. These have resulted in temporary reductions in the allowable draft of transiting vessels. Even these temporary limitations, minor as the few But dry season use of hydroelectric generators at Gatun do result in loss. The Panama Canal Review

PAGE 10

inches they involve may seem to laymen, often result in economic loss to shippers and, consequently, the ultimate consumer, who must pay the increased cost. For example: If the limitations force a vessel to reduce its potential cargo from 30,000 tons to 28,000 tons, the per-ton shipping cost is increased by about 7 percent, inasmuch as ship operating expenses remain virtually the same, regardless of the amount of cargo carried. To enable the Canal to more adequately and continously serve the needs of world shipping, three possible avenues of action are being considered by the Engineering and Construction Bureau to increase available water during drv seasons. They are: 1. Conservation, during dry seasons, oi water stored in Madden and Catun Lakes. 2. Increasing the storage capability of Catun Lake. 3. Creation of additional reservoir storage. The most easily accomplished of the possibilities— greater conservation of present water storage— already is far along in both planning and actual implementation. Chief among the conservation measures are plans for reducing and eventually eliminating completely the generation of hydroelectric power at Gatun, at least during severe dry seasons. Two gas turbine generators have been ordered by the Engineering and Construction Bureau from Westmghouse Electric Corp., and Underwater blast was part of study made about the feasibility of building a dam across Trinidad arm of Gatun Lake. are scheduled for installation before the beginning of next dry season, to at least partially replace the electric power needs now supplied by Gatun Hydroelectric Station during dry seasons. Studies now are being made about possible purchase of additional thermal generating units to further reduce the need for hydroelectric power generation at Gatun. Conservation of Gatun Lake water bv eliminating its use for generating electricity during dry seasons would enable present water storage to provide for a minimum of 35 lockages daily, approximately 5 more than present requirements. Generation of electrical power at Madden Hydroelectric Station would continue, because all water released for generating purposes there flows into Gatun Lake, where it can be used for lockage purposes. Elimination of power generation at Gatun is important from a water conservation standpoint because of the vast amount of water such power generation requires. To generate enough electricity at Gatun to operate 10, 2-ton air conditioning units for a month takes approximately the same amount of water as required bv a complete lockage from ocean to ocean. Or, stated another way, four families with monthly Canal Zone electricity bills of $26.50 would, as a group, be using enough water per month to provide for one ocean-to-ocean transit if the power were generated at Gatun. The second means of improving the water supply situation— by increasing the storage capability of Gatun Lakecould be accomplished by deepening the channel or increasing the maximum level of the lake. The result of either deepening the channel by 5 feet or raising the maximum level of the lake by 5 feet would be to add a minimum capability of at least 9 additional lockages per day. If both were done, it would add double this, or 18 lockages per da) Of these two possibilities, deepening the channel appears to be more attractive because it is relatively simple and inexpensive compared to increasing the maximum level of Gatun Lake. Such an increase in the level of the lake would require extensive— and expensive —changes in the Locks, dams, and main other Canal installations and. at least loi the present, is considered too costly for the potential benefits. It also would decrease the ability of the lake to absorb sudden, heavy rainfalls, thus increasing the danger of it flooding with potentially disastrous consequences for ('anal installations and operations. Deepening of the channel would add to the storage capability of the lake because it would permit the minimum level of the lake to be reduced below the present minimum of 82 feet. Each foot of additional reduction would, of course, represent additional storage capability for the lake. The third means of increasing water available during the dry season— by creating additional reservoir storageincludes two major possibilities. One would be construction of a new dam on die Chagres River above Madden Dam. The other would be construction of a dam between an arm of Gatun Lake and the main body of the lake. Onlv the latter possibility, involving part of the existing Gatun Lake, is being given serious consideration at the present time. Studies indicate that construction of a dam across the so-called Trinidad arm of Gatun Lake and raising the water level behind it to a maximum of 98 feet, or 11 feet above the present maximum level of the lake, would provide storage space for enough water to permit 9 additional lockages per day during the drv season. Such a project also would provide other benefits, including greater potential for hydroelectric' power generation. In addition to these three major possibilities, studies also are being made relative to pumping large quantities of water back into Gatun Lake from below Gatun Dam. Such pumping would be clone during the dry season to keep the lake at the level necessary for j navigation purposes. With lockages now averaging almost 30 per day and traffic increasing steadily. Canal officials hope to meet future water requirements for some years by eliminating dry season electrical power generation at Gatun and deepening the channel through Gatun Lake or building a Trinidad Dam, or both. The Canal officials are confident that water requirements can be met bv these means for many years to come. Implementing these plans will, of course, necessitate continuing improvements over the years ahead to keep abreast of needs. But improvements are nothing new for the Isthmian waterway. There has been steadv improvement of it throughout much of the period since it was opened in 1914, thus keeping it abreast of world shipping needs and enabling it to provide efficient service to world commerce. Providing adequate water storage to meet future needs is, therefore, simply another step in the continuing improvement of the Isthmian crossing. April 6. 1962

PAGE 11

ISTHMIAN VISITORS Capt. Farmer and other Canal officials discuss Canal operations with Seaway visitors. EXCEPT for the marked difference in climate, executives of the St. Lawrence Seaway who visited the Isthmus last month found they had a lot in common with the men who run the Panama Canal. R. J. Burnside, Director of Operations and Maintenance of the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority, and D. MacKenzie, General Operations Superintendent of the Seaway, spent a week on the Isthmus. The two men asked a series of questions about operation and maintenance of the Isthmian waterway during an informal meeting with Capt. Claude S. Farmer. Acting Marine Director at the time; Roy C. Stoekham, Chief of the Locks Division; and P. A. White, Chief of the Dredging Division. The two, both associated with the Canadian Government, were particularly interested in the Locks of the Panama Canal. The locks of the Seaway are 80 feet wide and can accomodate ships up to 730 feet in length, compared with the Panama Locks of 110 feet wide and 1.000 feet long. TWO LONGTIME EMPLOYEES of the Canal, Russell B. Potter and Thomas G. Coleman, paid a return visit to the Isthmus last month and toured the Canal widening work along Empire Reach. For Mr. Potter, who retired in 1946. the trip to the Empire Reach project was a homecoming of sorts. His earliest residence in the Canal Zone was in the construction-era townsite of Empire in 1905. Despite the intervening years, Mr. Potter has many memories of the area and was able to identify various old foundations and other objects for personnel of Project Engineer C. W. MeG. Brandl's office. Thomas G. Coleman, former superintendent for the Municipal Engineering Division, also was able to add to the lore about the area. Both men voiced their interest in the difference between present earthworking techniques and those used during the construction era. Mr. Potter and Mr. Coleman, accompanied by their wives, return to the Isthmus periodically to visit children, grandchildren, and friends. The Colemans' children are Mrs. John Dombrowskv of Diablo Heights and Mrs. James Pattison of Curundu. The Potters' children are Richard Potter and Mrs. Ross Cunningham of Balboa. C. P. Earton, Assistant Project Engineer, with R. B. Potter and T. G. Coleman. #^> X\ *. % i THE BRONZE BUST of her husband's famous grandfather Theodore Roosevelt was of special interest to Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt as she and her husband stopped in the rotunda of the Administration Building at Balboa Heights during a brief visit to the Isthmus last month. Mr. Boosevelt had been to the Isthmus when only a few months old. but had not been back since. That first visit was made while the family was returning from Argentina at the time of World War I. Mr. and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt. k v

PAGE 12

Dr. Jose J. Calderon For Disability Relief Annuitants Dr. Luis A. Puvol Dr. Ernest C. Bynoe, Jr. Program For Better Health THE ACTIVE and determined effort of the Panama Canal organization to improve the medical care, living conditions, general health, hygiene, diet, and environment of the more than 2,900 cash relief annuitants of the Company Government who live on the Isthmus has made several major advances during recent months These forward movements have centered on improved medical care now being provided as a result of expanding the former Visiting Nurse Program into a Home Medical Assistance Program, with five full-time nurses, one full-time doctor, and two half-time doctors employed in the effort. The Visiting Nurse Program, as originally established in September 1960 by order of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company, authorized the employment of three nurses to work among (lie disability relief annuitants. man) of whom are in need of regular or occasional nursing care. With a \car's experience as a guide, the Hoard of Directors last October Ordered an expansion ol the program to imi lude tlu' services of the doctors and two additional nurses now employed. All nurses and doctors are Panamanian citizens. At the same time as the additional ime! was authorized, the Board 1 ; hat medicines and drugs prescribi i loctors for the annuitants are to bi iro> ided to them free oi ge is pa 1 the program. Prescripissued through Gorgas and Coco Solo Hospitals, with the Personnel Bureau paying for them. Dr. Jose J. Calderon, a former public health physician in Panama, is the fulltime doctor employed on the Pacific side of the Isthmus. Dr. Luis A. Puyol and Dr. Ernest C. Bynoe, Jr., share the task on the Atlantic side. In addition to his medical duties, Dr. Calderon has been named to supervise the work of the two doctors on the Atlantic side and all five nurses. Mrs. Nellv B. Cantillo is supervisory visiting nurse, with responsibility for scheduling work of the other nurses and maintaining high standards of performance bv them. Dr. Calderon and Mrs. Cantillo plan the work schedule a week in advance, making assignments to the other nurses each Friday for the following week. Dr. Sidney B. Clark, Chief of the Division of Preventive Medicine and Quarantine, serves as advisor-consultant for the program and all problems pertaining to the medical profession are discussed with him. With the new personnel now well established in the routines of the expanded program. Dr. Calderon and Mrs. Cantillo have made plans to continue the investigative home visits to all cash relief annuitants. This program, started under the Visiting Nurse Program, is aimed at establishing a card file of pertinent information about each annuitant living on the Isthmus. About 450 remain to be seen lor the first time and it is believed all ol them will have been visited at least once before the end of next month. Much of the effort by both the nurses and the doctors is, quite naturally, devoted to those annuitants suffering serious ailments. There are 217 bedridden annuitants on the Pacific side of the Isthmus and 60 on the Atlantic side. Several hundred more require periodic care. The effect of all this effort? Personnel Director Edward A. Doolan, whose Bureau is responsible for operation and administration of the program, says it is difficult to assess the value from any statistical standpoint, but notes that there has been a decline in the death rate among the disability relief annuitants. "We believe," Mr. Doolan said, "that the decrease in the number of those dying among this aged group can be attributed largely to this program and the additional medical care many have received as a result of the Croup Health Insurance Program initiated among them in February 1961." Approximately 2,500 of the annuitants carry the insurance. Robert Van Wagner, Employee Services Officer, who is directly responsible for supervision and administration of the program, sees the results from a more direct association with the men and women it has benefitted. "These old people need and deserve help," he says. "A lot of them come in here to see the doctor, one of the nurses, April 6, 1962

PAGE 13

or me, and thev all let you know they appreciate what is being done. I think this program has given them a lot of security that thev didn't have before. Now thev can go to a doctor without fear that it will cost them the money they need for food and rent." Mr. Van Wagner says the program probably will be unproved and possibly expanded as time goes on. Exactly what form or forms any addition or expansion of the program will take has not been determined fully, but a potentially major contribution to the well-being of the annuitants is a plan under which surplus foods from the United States may be brought here at Panama Canal Company expense for distribution to them, along with their cash relief checks. Hopes are that arrangements may be completed for the first of the surplus food to arrive here within 4 to 6 weeks, then be divided and distributed among the annuitants, many of whom reportedly are ill-nourished or under-nourished. Other efforts to improve the lot of the annuitants also may result from a petition delivered to Governor Fleming late in March by a delegation of annuitants from the Atlantic side. The petition, signed by 500 Atlantic-side annuitants, asked that the cash relief payments to them be increased, a move that depends upon congressional action. Governor Fleming assured the delegation that every consideration will be given the petition, although he pointed out that he could not promise any immediate results. The present payments to annuitants range from about $25 to 855 per month. With the recently hired physicians now available to follow up in cases of illness discovered by the nurses in their visits to the homes of annuitants, the nurses report an incidental effect which they believe indicates some of the intangible results of the program. "Main' of these old people have become so used to being ignored by almost everyone," one of the nurses commented, "that they frequently fail to keep their rooms or homes tidy or even reasonably clean. And a lot of times they wouldn't follow medical advice. It's different now, though. Most of them follow the doctor's orders and do their best to keep their quarters clean. I think one reason is that they're never sure when one of the doctors or nurses is going to stop in— and their pride makes them want everything in order." Thus, the program not only is improving the health care received by the annuitants but also is providing them with revived interest in life and their surroundings. (3

PAGE 14

EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 EmployeeManagement Cooperation in the Federal Service A NEW ERA AHEAD THE STAGE has been set for a new era in relations between employees of the U.S. Government and the management of the governmental units for which they work, including the Canal organization. An Executive order clearly establishing the rights of Federal employees to organize and to participate in the formulation of personnel policies affecting them and their working conditions is the basic element of the stage-setting. Signed by President Kennedv on January 17, Executive Order No. 10988 entitled "Emplovee-Management Cooperation in the Federal Service," will exert a major influence on the future practices, procedures, activities, and relationships of employee organizations and the management of the Canal enterprise. A major objective of the Executive order, as expressed in the explanatory preamble, is that "subject to law and the paramount requirements of public service, employee-management relations within the Federal service should be unproved bv providing employees an opportunity lor greater participation in the formulation and implementation of policies and procedures affecting the conditions of their employment." Although the order permits the head of a Federal agency located outside the United Stales, such as the Canal organization, to suspend any provision of the order when it is considered necessary in the national interest, Canal Zone Governor Fleming, has made it clear that he intends to implement the intent of the order through appropriate rules and regulations. A committee composed of the Secrc1 : 1 mi as chairman, the Secretary of \) tl Postmaster General, and the Chairman of the Civil Service Commission now is preparing a report on implementation of the Executive order. The Canal's Personnel Bureau is awaiting the suggested "guidelines" for implementing the order which are to result from the committee's work. It may be a number of weeks before the guidelines are received and detailed work on appropriate rules and regulations for the Canal organization can be started. Commenting on the Executive order. Governor Fleming said, "There are a number of problems which must be worked out before regulations can be issued, but I know they can be resolved through careful study by officials of the Personnel Bureau, in consultation with representatives of Canal employees. "The Personnel Bureau has been instructed to prepare the necessary rules and regulations to transform the Executive order from a directive on what the President wants done into a working plan for accomplishing it. Employee representatives will be consulted in regard to these rules and regulations and I, personally, will carefully review them before they are issued. "I want to assure all employees that uppermost in my mind, while considering the rules and regulations, will be the objective of faithfully adhering to the intent of the Executive order and insuring that the procedures established will bring the full benefits of the order to the more than 14.000 employees of the waterway. "Even at this preliminary stage of our study of the Executive order," the Governor continued, "it is apparent that two major problems which will arise in implementing it are (1) the type of recognition to be given employee organizations and (2) deciding what constitutes an appropriate unit for recognition purposes. "Fortunately, these two problems are recognized by employee organizations Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr. "Employee representatives will be consulted." now representing Canal employees and I am confident they will cooperate fully with the Personnel Bureau in efforts to make sure that adequate and proper solutions are found for them." In addition to matters concerning employee-management relations, the Executive order, in section 14, which is reprinted in a box elsewhere with this article, equalizes the appeal rights for veterans and non-veterans employed in Federal service. The text of the Executive order, edited to eliminate part of section 11 and all of sections 12 and 16, which deal with national-level administrative details and the extent and coverage of the order, as discussed above, is as follows: Section 1. (a) Employees of the Federal Government shall have, and shall be protected in the exercise of, the right, freely and without fear of penalty or reprisal, to form, join and assist anv employee organization or to refrain from any such activity. Except as hereinafter expressly provided, the freedom of such employees to assist any employee organization shall be recognized as extending to participation in the management of the organization and acting for the organization in the capacity of an organization representative, including presentation of its views to officials of the executive branch, the Congress or other appropriate authority. The head of each executive department and agency (hereinafter referred to as "agency") shall take such action, consistent with law, as may be required in order to assure that employees in the agency are apprised of the rights described in this section, and that no interference, restraint, coercion or discrimination is practiced within such agency to encourage or discourage member8 April 6, 1962

PAGE 15

ship in any employee organization. (bl The rights described in this seclion do not extend to participation in tne management of an employee organization, or acting as a representative of any such organization, where such participation or activity would result in a conflict of interest or otherwise be incompatible with law or with the official duties of an employee. Section 2. When used in this order, the term "employee organization" means any lawful association, labor organization, federation, council, or brotherhood having as a primary purpose the improvement of working conditions among Federal employees, or any craft, trade or industrial union whose membership includes both Federal employees and employees of private organizations; but such term shall not include any organization (1) which asserts the right to strike against the Government of the United States or any agency thereof, or to assist or participate in any such strike, or which imposes a duty or obligation to conduct, assist or participate in any such strike, or (2) which advocates the overthrow of the constitutional form of Government in the United States, or (3) which discriminates with regard to the terms or conditions of membership because of race, color, creed or national origin. Section 3. (a) Agencies shall accord informal, formal or exclusive recognition to employee organizations which request such recognition in conformity with the requirements specified in sections 4, 5 and 6 of this order, except that no recognition shall be accorded to any employee organization which the head of the agency considers to be so subject to corrupt influences or influences opposed to basic democratic principles that recognition would be inconsistent with the objectives of this order. (b) Recognition of an employee organization shall continue so long as such organization satisfies the criteria of this order applicable to such recognition; but nothing in this section shall require any agency to determine whether an organization should become or continue to be recognized as exclusive representative of the employees in any unit within 12 months after a prior determination of exclusive status with respect to such unit has been made pursuant to the provisions of this order. (c) Recognition, in whatever form accorded, shall not— (1) preclude any employee, regardless of employee organization membership, from bringing matters of personal Appeal Rights Equalized Section 14. The head of each agency, in accordance with the provisions of this order and regulations prescribed by the Civil Service Commission, shall extend to all employees in the competitive civil service rights identical in adverse action cases to those provided preference eligibles under section 14 of the Veterans' Preference Act of 1944, as amended. Each employee in the competitive service shall have the right to appeal to the Civil Service Commission from an adverse decision of the administrative officer so acting, such appeal to be processed in an identical manner to that provided for appeals under section 14 of the Veterans' Preference Act. Any recommendation bv the Civil Service Commission submitted to the head of an agency on the basis of an appeal by an employee in the competitive service shall be complied with bv the head of the agency. This section shall become effective as to all adverse actions commenced by issuance of a notification of proposed action on or after July 1, 1962. concern to the attention of appropriate officials in accordance with applicable law. rule, regulation, or established agency policy, or from choosing his own representative in a grievance or appellate action; or (2) preclude or restrict consultations and dealings between an agency and anv veterans organization with respect to matters of particular interest to employees with veterans preference; or (3) preclude an agency from consulting or dealing with any religious, social, fraternal or other lawful association, not qualified as an employee organization, with respect to matters or policies which involve individual members of the association or are of particular applicability to it or its members, when such consultations or dealings are duh limited so as not to assume the character of formal consultation on matters of general employee-management policy or to extend to areas where recognition of the interests of one employee group mav result in discrimination against or injury to the interest of other employees. Section 4. (a) An agency shall accord an employee organization, which does not qualify for exclusive or formal recognition, informal recognition as representative of its member employees without regard to whether any other employee organization has been accorded formal or exclusive recognition as representative of some or all employees in any unit. (b) When an employee organization has been informally recognized, it shall, to the extent consistent with the efficient and orderly conduct of the public business, be permitted to present to appropriate officials its views on matters of concern to its members. The agency need not, however, consult with an employee organization so organized in the formulation of personnel or other policies with respect to such matters. Section 5. (a) An agency shall accord an employee organization formal recognition as the representative of its members in a unit as defined bv the agency when (1) no other employee organization is qualified for exclusive recognition as representative of employees in the unit, (2) it is determined b\ the agency that the employee organization has a substantial and stable membership of no less than 10 per centum of the employees in the unit, and (3) the employee organization has submitted to the agency a roster of its officers and representatives, a copy of its constitution and by-laws, and a statement of objectives. When, in the opinion of the head of an agency, an employee organization has a sufficient number of local organizations or a sufficient total membership within such agency, such organization mav be accorded formal recognition at the national level, but such recognition shall not preclude the agency from dealing at the national level with any other employee organization on matters affecting its members. (b) When an employee organization has been formally recognized, the agency, through appropriate officials, shall consult with such organization from time to time in the formulation and implementation of personnel policies and practices, and matters affecting working conditions that are of concern to its members. Any such organization shall be entitled from time to time to raise such matters for discussion with appropriate officials and at all times to present its views thereon in writing. In no case, however, shall an agency be required to consult with an employee organization which has been formally The Panama Canal Review

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recognized with respect to any matter which, if the employee organization were one entitled to exclusive recognition, would not be included within the obligation to meet and confer, as described in section 6(b) of this order. Section 6. (a) An agency shall recognize an employee organization as the exclusive representative of the employees in an appropriate unit when such organization is eligible for formal recognition pursuant to section 5 of this order, and has been designated or selected by a majority of the employees of such unit as the representative of such employees in such unit. Units may be established on any plant or installation, craft, functional or other basis which will ensure a clear and identifiable community of interest among the employees concerned, but no unit shall be established solely on the basis of the extent to which employees in the proposed unit have organized. Except where otherwise required bv established practice, prior agreement, or special circumstances, no unit shall be established for purposes of exclusive recognition which includes ( 1 ) any managerial executive, (2) any employee engaged in Federal personnel work in other than a purely clerical capacity, (3) both supervisors who officially evaluate the performance of employees and the employees whom thev supervise, or (4) both professional employees and nonprofessional employees unless a majority of such professional employees vote for inclusion in such unit. (b) When an employee organization has been recognized as the exclusive representative of employees of an appropriate unit it shall be entitled to act for and to negotiate agreements covering all employees in the unit and shall be responsible for representing the interests of all such employees without discrimination and without regard to employee organization membership. Such employee organization shall be given the opportunity to be represented at discussions between management and employees or employee representatives concerning grievances, personnel policies and practices, or other matters affecting general working conditions of employees in the unit. The agency and such employee organization, through appropriate officials and representatives, shall meet at reasonable times and confer with respect to personnel policy and practices and matters affecting working :Onditions so far as may be appropriate subject to law and policy requirements. This extends to the negotiation of an agreement, or any question arising hereunder, the determination of appropriate techniques, consistent with the terms and purposes of this order, to assist in sucn negotiation, and the execution of a written memorandum of agreement or understanding incorporating any agreement reached by the partus. In exercising authority to make i nit s and regulations relating to personnel policies and practices and working conditions, agencies shall have due regard for the obligation imposed by this section, but such obligation shall not be construed to extend to such areas of discretion and policy as the mission of an agency, its budget, its organization and the assignment of its personnel, or the technology of performing its work. Section 7. Anv basic or initial agreement entered into with an employee organization as the exclusive representative of employees in a unit must be approved bv the head of the agency or any official designated by him. All agreements with such employee organizations shall also be subject to the following requirements, which shall be expressly stated in the initial or basic agreement and shall be applicable to all supplemental, implementing, subsidiary or informal agreements between the agency and the organization: ( 1 ) In the administration of all matters covered by the agreement, officials and employees are governed by the provisions of any existing or future laws and regulations, including policies set forth in the Federal Personnel Manual and agency regulations, which may be applicable, and the agreement shall at all times be applied subject to such laws, regulations and policies; (2) Management officials of the agency retain the right, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, (a) to direct employees of the agency. (b) to hire, promote, transfer, assign, and retain employees in positions within the agency, and to suspend, demote, discharge, or take other disciplinary action against employees, (c) to relieve employees from duties because of lack of work or for other legitimate reasons, (d) to maintain the efficiency of the Government operations entrusted to them, (e) to determine the methods, means and personnel by which such operations are to be conducted; and (f) to take whatever actions may be necessary to carry out the mission of the agencv in situations of emergency. Section 8. (a) Agreements entered into or negotiated in accordance with this order with an employee organization which is the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit may contain provisions, applicable only to employees in the unit, concerning procedures for consideration of grievances. Such procedures (1) shall conform to standards issued by the Civil Service Commission, and (2) may not in anv manner diminish or impair anv rights which would otherwise be available to any employee in the absence of an agreement providing for such procedures. (bj Procedures established bv an agreement which are otherwise in conformity with this section may include provisions for the arbitration of grievances. Such arbitration ( 1 ) shall be advisory in nature with any decisions or recommendations subject to the approval of the agency head; (2) shall extend only to the interpretation or application of agreements or agency policy and not to changes in or proposed changes in agreements or agency policy; and ( 3 ) shall be invoked only with the approval of the individual employee or employees concerned. Section 9. Solicitation of memberships, dues, or other internal employee organization business shall be conducted during the non-duty hours of the employees concerned. Officially requested or approved consultations and meetings between management officials and representatives of recognized employee organizations shall, whenever practicable, be conducted on official time, but any agency may require that negotiations with an employee organization which has been accorded exclusive recognition be conducted during the non-dutv hours of the employee organization representatives involved in such negotiations. Section 10. No later than Julv 1. 1962, the head of each agency shall issue appropriate policies, rules and regulations for the implementation of this order, including: A clear statement of the rights of its employees under the order; policies and procedures with respect to recognition of employee organizations; procedures for determining appropriate employee units; policies and practices regarding consultation with representatives of employee organizations, other organizations and individual employees; and policies with respect to the use of agency facilities bv employee organizations. Insofar as may be practicable and appropiate. agencies shall consult with representatives of employee organizations in the formulation of these policies, rules and regulations. Section II. Each agency shall be responsible for determining in accord10 Aphil 6, 1962

PAGE 17

ance with this order whether a unit is appropriate for purposes of exclusive recognition and, by an election or other appropriate means, whether an employee organization represents a majority of the employees in such a unit so as to be entitled to such recognition. Upon the request of any agency, or of any organization which is seeking exclusive recognition and which qualifies for or has been accorded formal recognition, the Secretary of Labor, subject to such necessary rules as he may prescribe, shall nominate from the National Panel of Arbitrators maintained by the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service one or more qualified arbitrators who will be available for employment by the agencv concerned for either or both of the following purposes, as mav be required: (1) to investigate the facts and issue an advisory decision as to the appropriateness of a unit for purposes of exclusive recognition and as to related issues submitted for consideration; (2) to conduct or supervise an election or otherwise determine by such means as mav be appropriate, and on an advisory basis, whether an employee organization represents the majority of the employees in a unit. o o o Section 13. (a) The Civil Service Commission and the Department of Labor shall jointly prepare ( 1 ) proposed standards of conduct for employee organizations and (2) a proposed code of fair labor practices in employee-management relations in the Federal service appropriate to assist in securing the uniform and effective implementation of the policies, rights and responsibilities described in this order. o c o Section 15. Nothing in this order shall be construed to annul or modify, or to preclude the renewal or continuation of, any lawful agreement heretofore entered into between any agencv and any representative of its employees. Nor shall this order preclude any agency from continuing to consult or deal with any representative of its employees or other organization prior to the time that the status and representation rights of such representative or organization are determined in conformity with this order. Copied c4vailaole COMPLETE COPIES of Executive Order No. 10988, the major pertinent parts of which are printed in the foregoing article, can be obtained from the Personnel Bureau at Balboa Heights. Governor Fleming addresses annual meeting of engineers. Challenges of the Present "Emotional, Social, Human" "THERE ARE always people in any society who have closed their minds to everything outside their own evernarrowing viewpoints." in the opinion of Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., writing in the lead editorial of the March-April issue of The Military Engineer magazine. "These people," Governor Fleming says, "can become dangerous when they can grab popular causes and use them as a cloak. Their militancy then gives them influence far beyond their worth. And the atmosphere of confusion so created can become a tremendous passive roadblock in the way of positive solutions to our problems." The Governor, who often has voiced his concern with "human values," also discussed what he termed the "excessive chauvinism" of "self-appointed messiahs" in a talk to the Canal Zone Society of Professional Engineers late in February. The talk, very similar in thought and expression to the magazine editorial.was the Governor's first public speech since arriving on the Isthmus. In both the speech and the magazine editorial, which has been reprinted in the Congressional Record at the request of Rep. Daniel J. Flood, the Governor expressed his disapproval of individuals who blindly oppose all change, saying such persons "hypnotize themselves into a belief that their narrow viewpoint is normal." He asserted, "I have no respect for their judgment and I think they are stupid." "We have a priceless asset— the American dream," the Governor told his Canal Zone audience. "Many people have tried to define it, but it has never been defined better than in the Declaration of Independence: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.' "That heritage of ours imposes a responsibility on us," the Governor continued. "The rest of the world expects us to live up to that ideal. The emotional revolution and the explosive pressures in the world today have been triggered off to a great extent by other people trying to follow the example which Americans of past generations have given them. We must, ourselves, continue to follow that example." He concluded by saying, "We Americans have a job to do— we must raise our sights and raise our minds in order to do it. . The past met material challenges; their problems were imposed by physical conditions which could be combatted physically. Present obstacles are not physical; they are motional, thev are social, they are human. And meeting them is not as simple as overcoming physical adversity. "To meet satisfactorily the challenge of the human and emotional factors with which we are now surrounded requires an intellect with enough vision to comprehend it, going beyond material and finite facts. It also requires a real dedication, in fact and not merely in words, to the American dream of equal opportunity for all." The Panama Canal Review 11

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I Closing the gap. The Building of a Bridge '%. Ride to work. THE VITAL STATISTICS of the threespan, arch-truss type, high-level Thatcher Ferry Bridge are: Length: 5,425 feet in 14 spans, abutment to abutment. Longest span: 1,128 feet, across channel. Height above water: 201 feet clearance at high tide. Height to highest point: 384 feet above mean sea level. Width of approach spans: 34 foot roadway, with three traffic lanes, and a 4-foot walk. Width of tied-arch span: 42-foot roadway, with four traffic lanes, and a 4-foot walk Roadway: 7-inch reinforced concrete. Foundations: Reinforced concrete abutments and piers resting on firm rock or on reinforced concrete caissons which extend down to firm rock. Designer: Svedrup & Parcel & Associates, Inc., of St. Louis. Contractors and bid prices, major contracts: Substructure: Fruin Colnon International, S.A.-Le Boeuf & Dougherty, Inc., a joint venture, of St. Louis. Superstructure: John F. Beasle) Construction Co., Dallas. West approach. L. R. Sommer, Panama. East approach and paving of both east and west approaches, Bildon, Inc., Panama. Tivoli Ave. widening and extension. Isthmian Constructors, Inc. Total estimated cost, S20 million. 12 Long way down Watch it, watch i Tropical ski jump. Building toward the sky. w

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SEWING CIRCLE Women of Cativa learn sewing art with assistance of Mrs. W.P. Leber THE WOMEN of Walla Walla in the State of Washington, U.S.A., and those living in the little town of Cativa, Colon Province, Republic of Panama, are thousands of miles apart geographically and, with only rare exceptions, never will meet face to face. Despite A newly-made dress for Cativa miss. Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Leber with Cativa children and members of sewing class. this, however, close bonds of friendship have been established through the medium of needles and thread and sewing material, with Mrs. W. P. Leber, wife of Canal Zone Lieutenant Governor Leber, serving as intermediary. Bright and early every Monday morning, Mrs. Leber loads her car with contributions of materials sent by the Women's Guilds of Walla Walla, and Zone contributions, adds a supph of hot coffee and cookies, then sets oft for Cativa, on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus. At Cativa, about 30 women gather in the church— the center of village activities— for the weekly sewing class which Mrs. Leber conducts. The class has become the weekly high point of the village women's social activities. Scrap materials, together with needles and thread are handed out. and fingers begin to fly. Mrs. Leber's slogan for her Cativa sewing class is "make our thing lor yourself, and one for someone else." Thus even the poorest attain a sense of pride in sharing, those unable to participate in the class benefit, nonetheless, and the entire community gains. The women in the sewing class take great pains with, and as much pride in, the articles they make for sum lone else as they do in those the) make for their own use or for their families. One young woman showed Mrs. Leber an attractive shirt she had completed and with considerable pleasure announced that this was her contribution to someone else. Haltingly, she added that she had never before been able to give anyone else a gift, and she seemed to gain stature as she placed her donation in Mrs. Leber's hands. Some of the women, as their contribution to someone else, are working on the blouses, skirts, shirts, and trousers which are the local school uniform. "This \ear," thev say, "we'll make sure that every child in Cativa will have a school uniform and no one will have to stay home because they have nothing suitable to wear." The Walla Walla women are happy about their participation in the project. As they've written Mrs. Leber, herself a former Walla Walla resident, for the first time they know exactly where their contributions are going and what is being done with them. The Cativa women are pleased and thrilled with the sewing skill they are learning under Mrs. Leber's guidance. Moreover, they have a precious sewing machine, carefully housed in the church. Jose Dominador Bazan, Second Vice President of the Republic of Panama, recently wrote to the Women's Guilds of Saint Paul's Church, Walla Walla: "Tlu' residents of the small town of Cativa, near Colon, have told me of the wonderful work being accomplished in their village under the guidance of Mrs. Walter P. Leber, who for the past several months has been teaching a group of local ladies to sew. This project would not be possible were it not 14 April 6, 1962

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for the cloth and other materials which have been donated for use in these sewing classes. "1 understand that the members of vour Guilds have sent many packages of materials for use in this extremely worthy cause, and I want to thank you very much for your assistance. "Projects such as this, in which people are helped in helping themselves, are most worthwhile and most beneficial. Please express mv sincere appreciation to all members of your Guilds tor their generous assistance." When Mrs. Leber, shortly after arriving in the Canal Zone, sought a project to promote self-help among the needy, rather than dole out charity, the Rev. Victor Watson of Colon suggested the village of Cativa, where many were destitute and desperately in need of help. Father Watson offered the use of the village church and community center, Mrs. Leber obtained a gift sewing machine for use bv her "pupils," appeals went out to individuals and organizations, the ladies of Walla Walla were contacted, contributions began to come in, and the project was underway. The Cativa women take turns using the one sewing machine on Mondays and the church caretaker has the keys so that the machine may be used during the week. Designs are often unusual but always colorful and even scrap is used. Skirts, blouses, potholders, children's dresses, and little boys' trousers, are among the many articles made under the guidance of "Bernie," as the village women affectionately call Mrs. Leber. A high point of Mrs Leber's visit to Cativa is the "kaffee Match" when a rest break is taken, and the coffee and cookies she brought are served. In addition to the materials contributed by the women of Walla Walla, Mrs. Leber is receiving materials from local people who have heard of the project. Among these are Mrs. Ava W'ilev of Balboa. Mrs. Eleanor Burnham of Los Rios, Mrs. R. O. Theriault, T. G. Relihan, and L. A. Ferguson, all of Balboa Heights, and Mrs. Joseph Farland. wife of the U.S. Ambassador to Panama. Almost any ring at Mrs. Leber's doorbell may mean someone has brought another box of pieces of material, zippers, burtons, thread, rickrack braid, and odds and ends that may be of no use to the householder, but represent a treasure trove to Mis. Leber's sewing class in Cativa, a village where the strange-sounding name of Walla Walla has taken on special meaning and significance. Eugenia D. Koutrousi A TEENAGE GIRL and her older brother may never travel far from their native village of Serres, Greece, or meet an) of the three Canal Zone employees who have befriended them for several years, but it's a certainty that they'll in \ er forget those Zone employees. The girl, 14-year-old Eugenia D. Koutrousi, now is serving an apprenticeship as a dressmaker, while her brother, Leonidas, is completing an apprenticeship as a printer. Without the assistance provided by their three friends in the Zone, the brother and sister would be working at menial, low-paying jobs instead of learning trades. The two Greek youngsters are the children ol a couple married in 1940. The famil) survived World War II only to see their home burned to the ground during an attack by Communist guerrillas in the postwar civil disturbances in Greece. The family moved to another village, but Mr. Koutrousi was in poor health and unable to work. Mrs. Koutrousi worked as a laundress and in the tobacco fields to support the family. Alter her husband died in April 1951, Mrs. Koutrousi became ill and the family's economic condition deteriorated to an extremely low point. They lived in a single room with practically no furniture, household goods, or even adequate clothing. In early 1953, the family's plight was outlined' to Fred E. Wells of the Company Government's Transportation Section, in response to a query he sent to the Save the Children Federation about the possibility of assisting in the work of the Federation. The information Mr. Wells received was shown to his co-workers, L. W. Peterson and Mrs. Barbara Hutchings. Impressed with the Koutrousi family's obvious need for help, the three decided The Long Arm of Friendship to join in sponsoring Eugenia, who then was only 5 years of age. To become her "sponsors" thev pledged a Nearly contribution of $100, which since has been increased to S150. Five years later, in the summer of 1958, they increased their aid to the family bv also sponsoring Leonidas, who then was 17 \ ears of age. The\' have continued to sponsor both since that time. In addition to their regular sponsorship payments, the Zone employees also have sent occasional gift packages and cash presents to supplement the family's meager standard of living. Brushing aside compliments about their contributions, the three sponsors say they are quite happ) with their 9 years as sponsors, feeling thev have been repaid many times by the knowledge that their assistance has provided a deserving family with a better present and a more promising future. Leonidas Koutrousi The Panama Canal Review 15

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PAYOFF For suggestions and superior performance Governor Fleming presents watch to Porter McHan as Marine Director Capt. Richard G. Jack and Maurice B. Nickle. recently-named chief of Industrial Division, stand by. THE LARGEST cash award ever made for a single suggestion under the Company Government's Incentive Awards Program was presented last month by Governor Fleming to three employees of the Industrial Division who devised a new procedure for fabricating 28-inch pontoon pipes. The three men, Owen J. Corrigan, Ra) M. Smith, and Cyrus \V. Field, each received checks for S260, representing one-third of the total award of .$780 for the suggestion. It is estimated that the new procedure, utilizing submerged arc welding, resulted in average annual savings of $23,633. The three men were among 17 employees who, in a ceremony at Balboa Heights, received cash awards totaling $2,070 for suggestions and superior service. An Industrial Division employee also figured in another recent action associated with the Incentive Awards Program. He is Porter M. McHan, lead foreman welder in the division's boiler shop. Mr. McHan was presented with a gold watch by Governor Fleming in recognition of having submitted the most beneficial suggestion accepted under the Incentive Awards Program during 1961. Governor Fleming with award winners Owen J. Corrigan, Ray Smith, and Cyrus W. Field. Mr. McHan's suggestion also was concerned with dredging pipe, but was related to reconditioning of badly worn ball joints rather than making the pipe. During the March ceremony in which the three Industrial Division employees split the $780 award, five other employees were awarded $100 or more. One of the five Roy Burgener of the Communications Branch, received $375 as a supplemental award on a suggestion for which he previously had received $250, raising the total award for the suggestion to $625. The supplemental award resulted from reevaluation of a suggestion he made on conversion of micro-wave impulse repeaters. Two employees of the Atlantic Locks, Walter D. Johnson, Lock operator, and H. C. Christie, lead Lock operator, divided a $400 superior service award for development and improvement of devices and procedures involved in the overhaul of Panama Canal Locks. A check for $225 went to Herman H. Keepers of the Dredging Division for suggesting a method by which the sun switches used on acetylene gas buoys can be remachined and adapted for electrical operation. Warren D. Marquard of the Supply Division received a $100 check for developing an improved procedure for stock control of slow-moving items in the retail stores. Other recipients and their awards were: William T. Lvons, $25; Richard A. McClean, $25; Calvin Shepherd. $20; Mrs. Nina J. Jenkins. $20; Anthony Malagutti, $20;" Joseph L. Sestito. $20: Alfredo Archibald. $20; and Paul Badonsky, $15. 16 April 6. 1962

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"I DON'T FEEL much older now than when I started," Vivian E. Johnson, 65-year-old native of Jamaica asserted jovially, as he accepted the congratulations and best wishes of the many friends he made during almost 40 years of employment with the Canal organization on the Pacific side. Mr. Johnson retired at the end of FebruaryKnown to hundreds of Pacific-side employees and residents, the friendly Administration Building messenger had worked as waiter, motorcvcle messenger, and mail clerk during his many years with the Canal enterprise. On his final working day, Mr. Johnson acknowledged that he had never handled anything more complicated than a bicycle prior to applying for a job as a motorcycle messenger the same year as the Isthmian waterway went into operation. He mastered the 2wheeled vehicle, however, and delivered official mail, packages, and messages aboard one of them until 1956, when the motorcvcle was replaced with a light truck. The retiree came to the Isthmus from Jamaica in 1913 and went to work for the Canal the same year. He had a short break in service during 1914, but since then has been employed continuously bv the waterway. Forrest G. Dunsmoor laughs at humorous card presented to Vivian E. Johnson on last day of work. Package held by Mr. Johnson contains gift radio. Harold I. Perantie watches. the Administrative Branch, also was on On his last day of work. Mr. Johnson was given a portable radio by his fellow employees, with F. G. Dunsmoor, Administrative Assistant and Deputy Executive Secretary, making the presentation. Harold I. Perantie. Chief ol hand for the informal farewell ceremony. Mr. Johnson will spend his retirement in Panama City, where he has been making his home for the past several years. LIKE A NUMBER of the hundreds of skilled craftsmen who keep Canal equipment and installations in ship-shape condition and repair, Victor M. Briceno is a boilermaker. But a specialty within the boilermaking trade gave Mr. Briceno a unique title in the Canal organization for a number of years and continues to provide him with unique duties. The title of "boilermaker, Iayerout," which Mr. Briceno once carried, was discarded about 5 years ago. His job title now is "boilermaker inspector," but he continues to be the leading and only steady practitioner of "Iayerout" work among Canal boilermakers. Mr. Briceno's specialty is roughly similar in nature to the task a woman faces when she buvs a pattern and a partial bolt of cloth, then sets out to make herself a dress. There are a number of very sharp differences, however, and these differences represent the training required of Mr. Briceno in contrast to that required of the dressmaker. The woman with the pattern has to figure out how best to pin the tissuethin pieces of the pattern to the cloth, then follow the instructions provided. Mr. Briceno is not supplied with an) INTERESTING PEOPLE^ such simple and easily followed cutouts. He must transfer shapes and sizes of a scaled drawing or blueprint to the heavy, tough plate of steel from which the pieces are to be cut. And, without benefit of cutouts which can be shuffled around like checkers to determine the most desirable arrangement, Mr. Briceno must determine how to get the most pieces from the plate of steel without wasting the costlv metal. A major measure of his skill and ability is the speed and accuracy with which he can accomplish this. A native and citizen of Panama, where he was bom on September 4, 1914, just 20 days after the Isthmian waterway was opened to commercial traffic, Mr. Briceno had studied at the Inclan Institute in Havana, Cuba, before becoming one of two Panamanian youths selected for apprenticeships with the Canal enterprise in 1931. From 1935, when he completed his apprenticeship, to 1948, Mr. Briceno's job title remained simply "boilermaker." But in July of the latter year, the additional word "Iayerout" was tacked to it. He acquired his present job title in 1959, but his duties still include the "las ciout wor shop of the Mount Hope. k needed Industria in the boiler I Division at Victor M. Briceno at work. iUL The Panama Canal Review 17

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Capt. Axton T. Jones, Director of Transportation and Terminals Bureau, and Atlanticside softball players watch as Frederick J. VVainio accepts championship tropin on behalf of Terminals Division team. Miss Elena Pamell of Rainbow City made the presentation. Worth Knowing CLASSICAL and modern ballet one night, and Spanish dances the other, were presented in Balboa Stadium performances March 28 and 29 by pupils of Panama's National hool of Dance. The imitation to appear in the Canal Zone was extended by Governor Fleming, on behalf of the Canal Zone Division of Schools, to the Minister of Education of the Republic of Panama and the Department of Fine Arts, which is under this Ministry. A number of Zone children who study at the school were among the performers. CONTINUING to follow its motto that "A Healthy Body Houses a Health) Mind," the Atlantic Division Softball League last month rounded out its fourth year by awarding the League Championship trophy to the Terminals Division team. Unlike some Stateside professional leagues, the Atlantic Division Softball League isn't dominated bv one or two outstanding teams. The Retail Store Division team copped the top spot in 1959, the Industrial Division in I960, and the Locks Division in 1961. "Also rans" have included teams from the Health Bureau, Schools Division, Electrical Division, Maintenance Division. Police Division, Fire Division, and Grounds Branch. A number of the participating teams are sponsored by business firms in the Republic of Panama, while other firms have contributed prizes, according to Alberto H. Dogue, President of the League. Executive Board members of the League, in addition to Mr. Dogue, are Lloyd Smith, vice president; Walter < 'lark, secretary-treasurer; Kelvin Barnett, publicity; Harold Rowland, public relations; and Astor Lewis, advisor. Noting that the annual Softball season is looked forward to with great enthusiasm bv both players and spectators, members of the Executive Board say they believe such adult recreation "has quite a lot to do with employee morale." IS April 6. 1962

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FUTURE archeological explorations in the Canal Zone will be limited to qualified representatives of museums, universities, colleges, and other recognized scientific and educational institutions or societies in the United States or on the Isthmus of Panama, if a bill (H.R. 9946) submitted in the House of Representatives becomes law. Introduced at the request of the Canal Zone Government, the proposed law is designed to preserve as a public heritage all items of prehistorical and historical value and to increase knowledge about such items. If the proposal becomes law, permits to allow qualified archeological explorations in the Zone would be issued by the Canal Zone Governor or appropriate military and naval authorities "only to reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions or societies" or their agents. The bill is designed to clarify and make certain the law and regulations governing archeological explorations in the Canal Zone. The bill also would provide that "no person shall excavate, explore, injure, destroy, or appropriate any prehistoric or historic ruin, site, wreck, or other thing of prehistorical value except as authorized" under the law. The bill provides that any object, article, or thing of prehistorical or historical value taken, removed, or appropriated without a permit, or contrary to the terms of a permit, can be seized whenever and wherever found by any person authorized to enforce the provisions of the law. Anvone found guilty of violating the proposed law would be punishable In imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or by a fine of not more than $500, 'or both. CONTINUOUS CONTRIRUTIONS of both time and service to the Special Education Association of the Canal Zone by Forrest G. Dunsmoor since it was founded almost 5 years ago were rewarded last month with a dinner in his honor at the Tivoli Guest House. A bronze plaque was presented to Mr. Dunsmoor by Gregorio Toribio of Gamboa and a testimonial letter was read by Mrs. Dorothv Bitter. The letter said, in part, "You are responsible for making the heavy hearts of parents lighter and for helping to create a new world of hope and happiness for the handicapped," and concluded by recognizing Mr. Dunsmoor's "Distinguished service to handicapped persons and to the community.' The clown of the Canal organizations float grinned in delight at the Carnival merriment, THE CARNIVAL FEVER once more has come to the Isthmus, gone its infectious way, and departed, but memories of the festivities linger. There are the memories which the various queens will cherish for main years, the memories of those who helped plan the celebration, the memories of those who participated in the activities, and the memories of those who did little more than observe. In the Canal Zone community, there are thousands who still relish the pleasure and excitment of the Carnival, but six persons in particular retained very special treasure troves of personal experiences as the revelry was concluded with the "burial of the fish." Those six are the four girls who reigned as queens in their respective Canal Zone communities and the two men who served as chairmen of Carnival committees on the two sides of the Isthmus. In addition to their memories, the four girls and the two chairmen have letters of appreciation from Governor Fleming expressing his admiration for the manner in which they fulfilled their respective obligations. The queenswere: Miss Hazel Kirkland of Coco Solo, Atlantic side; Miss Irene Miehaelis. Balboa, Pacific side; Miss Sonva Thorne, Santa Cruz; and Miss Volanda Henlon. Rainbow City. The chairmen were: Dwight Van Evera, Pacific side; and Gilbert A. Sollas, Atlantic side. In addition to these six. there was one other individual with a special memory of the 1962 Carnival. He is Frank Kwai Hen of the Panama Canal Company Engineering Division, who earned a S100 prize for designing the identical Canal Zone floats which participated in the parades on both sdes of the Isthmus. Atlantic-side Queen Hazel Kirkland and her court reigned with beauty and poise. The Panama Canal Review 19

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY CE BUI iealey Opera RI S'E B h Pena ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Murphy B. Alexander Lead Foreman, Public Work: Whaifbuilder Azariah Bun Helper Pli Joseph M. Ford Helper Electric Pierre A. Gibbs Carpenter Howard Green Leader Na Mainten' Arnold L. San Sheetmetal Worker MARINE BUREAU George M. Lowe Supervisory Administrative Services Assistant SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY E BUREAU Operator ION AND BUBEAU Yolney V. Swaby Cargo Clerk ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Kenneth Mason Mail and File Supervisor Rubv L. Roberts File Clerk CIVIL AFFAIRS RUREAU Russell T. Billison Police Sergeant Hollis Griffon District Detective Gardner R. Harris Police Private Chrysostom A. Trapp Leader Laborer Cleaner ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Amos C. Duncan Oiler, Floating Plant Arthur N. McFarlane Helper Electronics Mechanic Felix G. Lopez Oiler, Floating Plant Pablo E. Troya Seaman Eric J. Salkev Clerk Harry F. Shannon Machinist, Maintenance Antonio Palma Whaifbuilder Clovis Sinisterra Oiler, Floating Plant HEALTH BUREAU Herbert B. Dwycr Patient Food Sen ice Attendant Lemuel Rose Nursing Assistant, Psychiatry Joseph S. Shaw Patient Food Service Attendant Carlota S. Nation Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Edward Thomas Nursing Assistant, Medi and Sui ger> Iberforce W. Smith id. Orthopedics MARINE BUREAU Clyde W. Archer Deckhand Rogelio H. Piriate Launch Seaman N. L. McFarlane Deckhand Boatswain Julia J. Holmes Time and Leave Supervisor Abraham Julio Deckhand Higinio Nunez Helper Lock Operator Frank E. Thomas Painter Benjamin Tejada Heavy Laborer Daniel A. Glen eckhand Jlarence tad 'I I v Deckhanj d l.ouroy a. Anthony Deckhand Dorrell II. Irving Carpenter. Maintenance Sully Oscar Teletypist Carlos Ortega Asphalt or Cement Worker Climaco Becerra Heavy Laborer Randolph J. Donawa Helper Lock Operator SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Gwendolin A. Newell Retail Store Sales Checker Ivy F. Lewis Counter Attendant Florence W. Vaughn Clerk Claude V. Halligan Utility Worker Iris Yard Pantryman Roberto Martinez Baker Celimo Caseante Milker Leonora C. John Sales Clerk Sylvestra Worrell Sales Section Head Lilian Rutherford Sales Clerk Edith Peters Sales Clerk Hilario Cortez Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator Winifred M. Perrott Grocery Worker Jasper N. Medford Laborer Cleaner F. de la Lastra Laborer TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Moses N. Raymond Painter, Maintenance Rodolfo Lozano Clerk Checker Jose Barraza Tire Builder Clifford A. Richards Chauffeur Wilmoth N. Cameron Brakeman Antonio F. Vasquez Clerk Checker Prospero Cordoba Railroad Trackman F. J. Rrathwaite Clerk Gerald Charles Clerk Checker Martin Amador Guard Clifford A. Aitken High Lift Truck Operator 20 Apiul 6, 1962

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS February 5 through March 5 EMPLOYEES who were promoted or transferred between February 5 and March 5 are listed below. Within-grade promotions and job reclassifications are not listed. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Cliford S. Tomlison, from Seaman, Dredging Division, to Detention Guard, Police Division. Elmer H. Bennett, from Truck Driver, Motor Transportation Division, to Firefighter, Fire Division. Charles E. Chase, Jr., from Theater Usher, Supply Division, to Substitute Philatelic Order Filler, Postal Division. Division of Schools Alice A. Floyd, from Substitute Teacher to Elementary and Secondary School Teacher. Arthur Baptist, Avanso A. Farrell, and Stanford A. Levy, from Heavy Laborer to Swimming Pool Operator. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Thomas W. Grimison, from Engineering Draftsman, Ship Construction, Industrial Division, to Engineering Draftsman, Architectural, Engineering Division. Dredging Division Russell C. Stevens, from Administrative Assistant, to Construction and Maintenance Superintendent. Bernard M. Parmentier, from Leader Boilmaker, to Lead Foreman, Welding and Forging. Richard Danvers, from Floating Plant Fireman, to Floating Plant Watertender. Woodrow L. Stephens, Jorge A. Fuentes, Rogelio H. Pinate, Rafael A. Lascano, R. R. Lasso, Jaime Salas, Adolfo K. Nobuhira, Clark Sinclar, William A. Gibbons, Rafael I. Blanco, John Chandler, Jr., Wilfred West, Hugh S. Abednego, from Launch Seaman to Launch Operator. Magdaleno Navarro, from Heavy Laborer, to Launch Seaman. Gladstone L. King, S. O. Fields, C. L. Irumluig, P. C. Neblett, J. A. Charles, Raul Rodriguez, from Deckhand to Seaman. Alfonso Paul, Felipe Soo, Alonso Sanchez, Gonzalo Lopez, Sidney A. Legore, George H. Aleyne, Ernesto O. Williams, Carlos J. Reves, Edwin Miller, Walter L. Clarke, Wilbur T. Greaves, Walter S. Thompson, John Frederick, Ezra Cohen, Juan Sheffer, Jaroth E. Archibald, Roberto Feurtado, Luis Alberto, Wilfred E. Stuart, Albert S. Hunter, from Deckhand, Navigation Division, to Launch Seaman. Domingo Munoz, from Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator, Community Services Division, to Boatman. Electrical Division Robert L. Hummer, from Apprentice Machinist. Industrial Division, to Apprentice Power Plant Operator. Rudolph Coppin, from Helper Lock Operator, Locks Division, to Helper Electrician. Amos A. Brathwaite, from Heavy Laborer, to Helper Cable Splicer. Noel U. Baptist, from Utility Worker, Supply Division, to Helper Electrician. Maintenance Division Max C. Conover, from Lead Foreman, Buildings, to General Foreman, Buildings. Nelson orWilliar, from Leader Joiner, to Lead Foreman, Buildings. John D. Mitchusson, from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic, to Leader Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic. Jose M. Oquendo, from Maintenanceman, to Cement Finisher. Ernest Stephenson, from Helper Painter, to Painter. Wilfred U. Forbes, from Helper Machinist. Maintenance, to Oiler. Luther Smith, from Helper Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic, to Oiler. Pedro P. Musmanno, Heavy Laborer, from Industrial Division. Esteban Justavino, Carlos A. Marin, from Laborer, to Heavy Laborer. Ramon E. Arosemena, Aniceto Jimenez, from Heavy Laborer, to General Helper. Hugh E. Gadsby, from General Helper, to Maintenanceman. Contract and Inspection Division Albert S. Adams, James M. Thompson, Jr., from Engineering Aid, General, to Construction Inspector, General. HEALTH BUREAU Gorgas Hospital Alice B. Mayo, from Staff Nurse, to Staff Nurse, Medicine and Surgery. Guillermo L. Dixon, from Clerk, to Teller. Luis Rivera, from Housekeeping Aid, to Nursing Assistant, Medicine and SurgeryValentine A. Edwards, from Ward Service Aid, to Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Surgery. Clive Lavalle, Angel Lino, from Warehouseman, to Stockman. Antonio Castillero, Baudilio Gonzalez, Joseph W. C. Haig, Jose Ortega. Daniel G. Roper, from Pharmacy Helper, to Pharmacy Assistant. Coco Solo Hospital Ruby E. Radel, from Staff Nurse, Medicine and Surgery, to Nurse Supervisor. Sylvester Green, from Hospital Laborer, to Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Surgery. Arnoldo Rook, from Attendant, to Hospital Laborer. MARINE BUREAU Navigation Division Maxine A. Cawl, Arden L. Swisher, from Time and Leave Clerk, to Supervisory' Timekeeper. Fredrick W. Jones, from Signalman, to Clerical Assistant. George L. Edghill, Joseph R. McLean, Frank S. Wason, from Clerk, to Clerical Assistant. Kenneth L. Anderson, Harold G. Henry. from Deckhand, to Timekeeper. Claude E. Burgess, from Launch Dispatcher, to Timekeeper. Erick I. Raphael, Pablo E. Salas, from Clerk, to Timekeeper. Carlton S. Mullin, Firmin A. Reid, from Clerk-Typist, to Timekeeper. Russell A. Weade, from Towing Locomotive Operator, to General Foreman, Docking and Undocking. Emilio II. Archer, Carlos C. Castillo, Edgar Shaw, from Launch Dispatcher, to Clerk. Leslie L. Maynard, Clyde Austin, Rodolph A. Francis, Aurelio Newball, Gaston E. Headley, Woodrow L. Lungrin, Leonardo V. Blackman, Alvin Hall, from Deckhand, to Clerk. Joel A. Prince, from Deckhand, to Launch Dispatcher. Dudley O. Prescott, from Seaman, to Clerk. Edmond Augustine, Borris A. Ellis, Victor Ramos, from Heavy Laborer, to Launch Seaman. Locks Division Clifford S. Asbury, from Leader Lock Operator Machinist, to Lead Foreman, Lock Operations. Oscar L. Hakanson, from Lock Operator Machinist, to Leader Lock Operator Machinist. Gilbert H. Davis, Woodrow W. Richardson, from Lock Operator Iron WorkerWelder, to Leader Lock Operator Iron Worker-Welder. Robert E. Waggoner, from Guard, to Locomotive Operator. Manuel S. Henriquez, from Line Handler, to Boatman. Lionel Bryan, Juan Joseph, Severino Navarro, from Line Handler, to Helper Lock Operator. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Walter C. Bottin, from Distribution Clerk, Postal Division, to Teller Treasury Branch. Norma M. Jones, from Office Machine Operator, to Card Punch Operator, Accounting Division. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Timoteo Magallon, from Stevedore, Terminals Division, to Laborer Cleaner. Community Services Division. Supply Division Theresa Douglas, from Counter Attendant, to Sales Clerk. Joseph Buval, from Light Packer, to Storekeeping Clerk. Clarence D. Bovell, from Truck Driver, to Leader Laborer. Nicolas Cameron, from Utility Worker, to Sales Clerk. Earl R. Samuels, from Utility Worker, to Service Station Attendant. Hepburn S. Barber, from Utility Worker, to Kitchen Attendant. John M. Eberenz, from Theater Usher, to Theater Doorman. Donald C. Escalona, from Dock Worker, Terminals Division, to Package Boy. Roberto Bowen, Alvin L. Foster, from Package Boy, to Utility Worker. Octavio Bethancourt,from Laborer Cleaner, to Heavy Laborer. Martin F. Harper, from Scrap Materials Sorter, to Scrap Flame Cutter. I\y M. Gillespie, from Heavy Laborer, to \\ arehouseman. Solomon H. Da Costa, from Laundry Checker, to Warehouseman. Harlington G. Davidson, Zacarias Garibaldi, Claudius T. Samuels, Eladio Montero, from Heavy Laborer, to HeavyCold Storage Laborer. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS John J. Cusick, from General Agent, Water Transportation Division, to Water Transportation Officer (Chief, Water Transportation Division). (See p. 22) The Panama Canal Review 21

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CANAL HISTORY 50 Years Ago A COMMITTEE was appointed in April 1912 to recommend sites for the permanent administrative headquarters and offices of the Canal and a permanent settlement for Canal employees in the vicinity of the Pacific terminus. The Canal Record noted that the site for the office headquarters "will be on Sosa Hill or at some other place nearby." The warmest weather during the
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SAFETY Pop Makes the Rules (But Does He Obey Them?) ALL OF US realize that safety is really serious business, but every once in a while we have come across a safetv message written in a laconic, offbeat vein which lends a touch of humor. One such item appeared in an issue of Safetv News Letter, Machine Shop Section, published bv the National Safetv Council, and we take the liberty of retelling it: RETIREMENTS RETIREMENT certificates were presented at the end of February to the employees listed below, with their positions at time of retirement and years of Canal service: Manuel Arosemena, Helper Machinist, Industrial Division; 42 years. Patricio Borbua, Boatman, Dredging Division; 24 years, 5 months, 13 days. Robert E. L. Brown, Supervisory Construction Management Engineer, Contract and Inspection Division; 19 years, 1 month. 7 days. Esteban Chavez, Deckhand, Navigation Division; 21 years, 10 months. Eldridge Dunn-Moodie, File Clerk, Coco Solo Hospital; 39 vears, 1 month, 29 days. Vivian E. Johnson, Mail Clerk, Administrative Branch; 45 vears, 4 months. 9 days. Walter R. Lindsay, Agronomist. Community Services Division; 31 vears, 1 month, 11 days. Julius G. Lusky, Towboat or Ferry Master, Navigation Division; 17 years, 1 day. Anthony C. Maggiori, Lock Operator Iron Worker-Welder, Locks Division; 35 years, 15 clays. James Malone, Heavy Laborer, Supply Division; 34 years, 6 months, 17 days. Andrew J. May, Service Center Supervisor, Supply Division; 20 vears, 3 months. 27 days. Cuthbert L. Padmore, Laborer Cleaner, Community Sen ices Division: 22 years, 1 month, i clay. Lionel A. Seon, Deckhand Boatswain, Navigation Division; 40 vears, 9 months. 10 clays. Pala Singh, Dock Worker, Terminals Division: 22 years, 27 days. Charles A. Stewart, Leader Lock Operator Machinist, Locks Division; 27 years, 2 months. Xeheamiah B. Taylor, Laborer Cleaner, Division of Schools; 20 vears, 11 months. 21 clays. Herbert Watson, Deckhand, Navigation Division; 41 years, 2 months. 12 days. Stanley Yearwood. Dock Worker, Terminals Division; 21 years, 10 months. 25 days. A little one is born, and a new sovereign rules the household. Immediately, the little bundle in pink or blue becomes the axis of all activity. Pop, having proven there was more there than meets the eye, lays down an ultimatum that nothing shall happen or be allowed to exist that can interfere with the chances of little Noodnick to survive and grow up. "Be careful of those drafts; give him some air; that water is too hot; that water is too cold; sterilize that bottle; vou 're feeding him too much; he's starving to death; don't leave him in those wet drawers; don't sneeze in his face; stop breathing v\ lun you look at him; don't smother him: don't wake him up just to change him; has he got enough clothes on? What's his temperature? Did vou ever see such an intelligent face? Etc.. etc. Woe be it to anvone hurting that baby. After prescribing the rules for mother to follow for the day, what does Pop do? Does he think about what he can do for the welfare of the kid? Little does Pop stop to think that there's a killer in his home! The killer? Poisons! Thev lurk everywhere. In the medicine cabinet, under the kitchen sink, on dressing tables. You'll even find them on food shelves, in the workshop, and in the cleaning closet. These camouflaged killers in the home take more than 1,000 lives annually. They take a steady toll throughout the year— about 120 lives a month. Pop does not realize that the most frequent victims are children 5 vears of t — ACCIDENTS FOR THIS MONTH AND THIS YEAR age or younger. The types of accidental poisoners are as varied as the containers they come in— bleach, permanent wave solution, shampoo, nail polish remover, furniture polish, art supplies, bug killers, paint removers, and thinners. Regardless of the killer, in just about every instance there's an accomplice to the crime— carelessness or ignorance. And when it comes to driving, just how welfare-minded is Pop where little Noodnik is concerned? Pop hops in the car, roars out of the drive, and into the street on his way to work. Pops a past master at all tricks in driving. He's got that 30-minute drive to the plant down to a slick 23 minutes. Of course, that's exceeding the limits a bit in school and residential areas, but he's not stupid like the drivers for whom those limits were set. Pop is alvvav s the first one at the timeclock at quitting time. Also, he takes the stairs two or three at a time, roars out of the parking lot, and 7 caution lights. 5 tight intersections. 7 stops on a dime, 21 jet propelled take-offs, 8 horn bookings, and ves, 2 scared kids on bikes that someday could well be one of his own. he comes to a stop in his own driveway. He hops out of the car and veils, "where's my boy? Don't tell me you've let something happen to him. One of these davs, v eh one of these days, whammo right in the kisser— if you do. That kid's going to have what I wasn't able to have." What's he mean— a widowed mother? FEBRUARY ALL UNITS YEAR TO DATE FIRST AID CASES •62 '61 215 491(301) 403 1026(623) DISABLING INJURIES '62 '61 11 10(2) 23 26(4) DAYS LOST '62 '61 282 564 26 6360 661 26 Locks Overhaul injuries '.ncluded in to'al The Panama Canal Review 23

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SHIPPING Hawaiian Cruise THE RMS Andes, which is one of Great Britain's few full-time cruise liners operating on a year around basis from the United Kingdom, has made two trips through the Panama Canal this year. With a full list of cruise passengers, the Andes made the Canal transit southbound in January en route to the U.S. west coast and Hawaii. The vessel returned to the Canal the last of, Februar) on the return leg of 'her -62-dav winter cruise and saSlgd for,' Southampton via Barbadosr.and Lisbon. The cruise to Hawaii' was the' last voyage for Capt. Geoff Bey M. Fletchermaster of the Ancles, who retired upon lu's return to England. >A veteran of 38 years with the Royal Mail Lines, ( laptain Fletcher has also been in command of the Loch Avon, Loch Loyan, and the Highland Brigade, all of which arc regular customers of the Canal. Record Load of Barley A RECORD-BREAKING CARGO of barley en route to Poland from the U.S. west coast passed through the Canal March 1.3 aboard the tanker-grain eanier Titan, which loaded its 37,149 long-ton load in Portland, Oreg., and Seattle. Wash. The shipment, which is equivalent to 2,350,000 bushels of grain, surpassed by one-third the largest cargo of a single grain in U.S. maritime histor) which was shipped through the ( 'anal to Poland in 1961 aboard the tanker Transeastern. The Titan, a 735.6-foot-long supertanker, which can carry either oil or grain, is owned by the Overseas Oil Transport Co. and operated by A. N. Bull. It flys the U.S. flag and was built on the U.S. east coast in 1960. Although this was her first transit of the Canal, it was not her first trip to Poland with grain. The Titan loaded 1,549,000 bushels of wheat for Poland in 1960 at Baton Rouge and New Orleans. I), spite the size of her cargo, the tanker was not loaded to her full capacity. Because ol draft restrictions on superships passing through the Canal lor the first time, her cargo was limited to keep her draft to a maximum of 33 I, i mi. i I o., which acted as agent for the Ft inseastern, also handled ' t at the Canal. TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING VESSELS IN FEBRUARY 1961 1962 Commercial 843 841 U.S. Government 20 11 Free_transits 5 11 •J Total 868 863 TOLLS Commercial $4,114,601 $4,390,163 U.S. Government. 140,857 47,207 Total $4,255,458 $4,437,370 CARGO 00 Commercial 4,869,175 5,290,974 U.S. Government. 233,546 55,038 ... Total 5,102,721 5,346,012 Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small "Cargo figures are in long tonsNew 18-Knot Ship A NEW ADDITION to the fleet of ships which maintain a regular service between the east coast of North America and Australia and New Zealand is the motorship City of Canberra, which sailed from New York in January and passed through the Canal on its maiden voyage to Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide. The new 18-knot ship has 240,000 cubic feet of refrigerated cargo space to accommodate the"down under" products which she transports to the United States on her return trips. The City of Canberra is operated by the Elleman Line and is represented at the Canal by Norton, Lilly & Co. Chinese Luxury Freighter A NEW FAST SERVICE between Formosa. Yokohama, and New Yorkwas introduced last month bv the Orient Overseas Lines. The Rn Yung, a brand new Chinese passenger cargo ship, passed southbound through the Canal March 15 on the second half of her maiden voyage between New York and the Far East. The Ru Yung, built in Japan at a cost of $3.5 million, is of the closed shelterdeck type and has accommodations for 14 first-class and 12 tourist-class passengers. All public rooms and living quarters are air conditioned. In addition to the usual dining rooms, there are music room-bar-library, a special Chinese lounge, and an enclosed observation gallery on the top deck. Japanese maple was used for paneling, while the main doors and partitions are of etched glass. The ship also carries a valuable collection of Chinese and Japanese paintings. The Ru Yung is the first of two cargo ships to be built for this trade. The second will be the Siam Yung, due at the Canal April 4. Like its sister ship, the Siam Yung will make the voyage between Yokohama and New York in approximately 23 days and will call at other U.S. Atlantic ports and gulf ports on its return vovage. Boomerang to Australia SHIPS OPERATED by the Swedish East Asiatic Co. of Gothenburg are running through the Canal these days on an express service between Australia and the west coast of South America to the West Indies and U.S. gulf ports. Named the Boomerang Cargo Line, the service was inaugurated in February by the motorship Vegaland, sailing from Houston and New Orleans. It was followed by the Sarneland. The ships operate on a regular bi-monthly service from Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane to Callao, Guayaquil, Buenaventura, Cartagena, La Giiaira, Port-ofSpain, Bridgetown, Georgetown, Paramaribo, Kingston, and the U.S. gulf ports. The ships have a speed of 16 knots and have general cargo, reefer, and deep tank storage space. C. B. Fenton & Co. handles the vessels at the Canal. Bid for "Ancon" Bejected THE ONLY BID received by the Maritime Administration for the Ancon, formerly used in Canal steamship operations, has been rejected and the vessel probably will be readvertised. Bids were opened March 9 in Washington, D.C. The Ancon was removed from service last year and since that time has been docked in New Orleans. Oil Big Transits IT WAS an odd-looking customer that moved south through the Canal on March 20 as an oil-drilling rig mounted on a self-propelled drill barge made the transit. The rig, which was on its way from Texas to Alaska, is to be used for offshore oil exploration. It was approximately 180 feet high, making it one of the tallest pieces of equipment ever to pass through the Canal. The barge on which it was mounted was 267 feet long. 24 April 6. 1962

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 07150 0390 p/£7