Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text














UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University


in 2010 with funding from
of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie128pana






____""_ His First 30 Days --- --------
rL VEf\ Gray Ladies Go International-
New Cristobal Schedules---
What CARNAVAL Is All About_













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l^1^^ j^
q 4jFL-
a "
!2 ':. .
i~l -r .. i qr*h ~ ;
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LEMING, JR., Governor-President


Q,=1 &


ROBERT J. F
\V. P. LE

Panama


s Officer
ons Editor
s:
i BITTEL
otographer


$60,000,000


Status of Aiajor


Canal improvement.


WIDENING OF GAILLARD CUT: All widening work on the
Empire Reach section of Gaillard Cut will be completed by
December 1962. The contract for widening of Las Cascadas and
Bas Obispo Reaches is scheduled for award in Jnne of this year
and for completion early in fiscal year 1966. At that time the
entire S-mile Gaillard Cut will have been widened from the
original 300 feet to at least 500 feet.


LIGHTING BANKS OF CAILLARD CUT AND CANAL
APPROACHES: All lights have been installed along the banks
of the Cut except for certain sections on the west bank where
widening work is in progress. Lights in the Locks are complete
and operating. Lighting of the approaches from Balboa to Mira-
flores and from Cristobal to Gatun is scheduled for completion
next month.


NEW LOCOMOTIVES FOR LOCKS: The first six of the new
towing locomotives being built by Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd.,
in Japan arrived early in January and are undergoing tests on the
East lane of Gatun Locks. (Sec article on page 6 of this issue.)


MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM: Specifications for the
new electronic system designed by Gibbs & Hill, Inc., of New
York now are being prepared and will be advertised for bids in
June of this year. The contract for the project is to be awarded
in October 1962 and installation is scheduled for completion in
January 1964.


NEW\ LOCKS MAINTENANCE NhETllOD: Plans are in tile
final stages for procurement of material to be used in Lock
outages scheduled for 1963 and 1964. 'The material will be used
to md ify Lock gates and other appurtenances so that in future
overhaxls, no Lock lane will be out of service for more than
24 hours at any one time. The method to be used is being planned
with the help of the Corps of Engineers.


In This Issue




TII S MONTH is Carnival time in Panama and the
first few days of March will be devoted to the gay,
pre-Lenten festival. The origins of the holiday, its
legends, and the manner in which it is observed all
are described in the article which starts on page 10
of this issue.
The cover picture on this month's issue is a clever
bit of photography b\ Jerry Stec, owner and oper-
ator of the El Halcon photographic shop in Panama.
Jerry admits that there is a bit of fakery involved
in the picture, which was taken, intentionally, as a
double exposure. He first took a time exposure of
Carnival fireworks, then saved the film to shoot the
scene of Miss Marcela de Janon, now Mrs. James A.
Reid, climbing from the treasure chest.







Canal Zone Wage Rates- _------------- 3
Busy, Busy Month_ - 4
New Machines for Old Job_ 6
Ladies in Gray ------- 8
This Is Carnaval _- __ __ 10
Schedule of Cristobal Revised 15
Worth Knowing- 16
People --- 18
Anniversaries --- -- 20
Promotions and Transfers ___- __- 21
Retirements -- 22
Canal History --- -- 22
Safety -____ -- 22
Budding Artists- __ __- 23
Shipping ----- ----------- 24


MAulen 2, 1962


:BER, Lieutenant Governor HB L V L VV JOSEPH CONNOR, Publicati
\WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistant
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and TOB
Printld at the Printing Plant,Mount Hope,Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official Ph
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial Officee are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heighte. C. Z.


N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press








CANAL ZONE



WAGE RATES



A Significant New Policy


A SIGNIFICANT CHANGE in the
policy governing pay increases for
Canal Zone wage base employees was
made last month with announcement of
a two-fold plan to give greater recogni-
tion for skills, provide more incentive
for employees, and to narrow the gap
between area-based wage rates andl
U.S.-based rates.
The new policy, for the first time in
the history of U.S. Government agencies
on the Zone, provides a direct tic
between the rates paid to workers in
U.S. wage base positions and those in
Canal Zone wage base positions.
To be fully implemented on July I,
1964, the new wage policy provides for
two major benefits:


1. Adjustment of Canal Zone
wage base pay schedules, begin-
ning on July 1, 1963, whenever
U.S. wage base schedules are
adjusted on or after that date.
2. A series of administrative
wage increases for the upper grade
levels of Canal Zone wage base
positions as funds become avail-
able over the next 3 years.
The first increases under the new
policy will become effective April I,
when approximately 10,000 employees
of the Panama Canal Company/Canal
Zone Government will receive increases
ranging from 3 to 29 percent as a result
of the new policy.
The new policy resulted from a study


Changes in Pay Rates To Be Made April 1, 1962
MANUAL SCHEDULE


Current


Neiw


Range Range
Level From To Level Fronm To
1 $0.60 $0.60 1 --- -- $0.60 $0.63
2_ __ ---_____ 0.60 0.64 2___ ___-_ 0.62 0.67
3 ------------ 0.63 0.69 3 _____ 0.65 0.71
4 -_____________ 0.67 0.73 4-_______ 0.70 0.76
5 ---------------- 0.72 0.78 5_ _------------- 0.75 0.81
6_---------------______________ 0.76 0.82 6 ---------------______________ 0.84 0.90
7 __--------------- 0.85 0.93 7 ____ ____ ---------------0.97 1.05
8_-- __---- 0.94 1.02 8 ------------ 1.09 1.21
9 ___----------- 1.02 1.10 9_ __------------ 1.26 1.36
10 ---- -------- 1.13 1.23 10-______________ 1.47 1.59
Rate range includes three step intervals totaling 24 months with increase to 2d step
after 6 months and to 3d step after an 18-month interval.

SERVICE SCHEDULE


Current
Range
Level From To
1- $0.60 $0.69
2 0.62 0.75
3 ------------_ 0.69 0.82
4 --____________ 0.76 0.96
5 -------------_ 0.86 1.06
6 --------0.97 1.21
Rate range includes six steps (a through


New


Level
1_-------------_
3_--------
4---------------
5
6________
g) with one step increase every


Range
From To
$0.60 $0.71
0.67 0.80
0.76 0.89
0.86 1.06
1.00 1.20
1.15 1.39
12 months.


NON-MANUAL SCHEDULE


Current


New


Range Range
Level From To Level From To
1-------__ ---_- $0.62 $0.86 1________ $0.65 $0.89
2_ _____________ 0.73 0.99 2_ ____________ 0.81 1.07
3_______________ 0.91 1.17 3-______________ 1.07 1.33
Rate range includes six steps (a through g) with one step increase every 12 months.


by the Canal Zone Civilian Personnel
Policy Coordinating lIoard last year and
a full review of rate-setting policies and
practices started in September by
Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the
Army and Chairman of the Board
of Directors of the Panama Canal
Company.
A major objective of the new policy
is to develop, over a period of time,
what Personnel Bureau officials refer
to as "a more satisfactory wage curve.
The desired wage curve would move
from the lowest to the highest salary in
a gentle upward sweep, with no unrea-
sonable plateaus or sharp divergences
upward.
It will take time to achieve the objec-
tive, officials says, but voice the opinion
that the new policy will provide a solid
basis for long and continuous improve-
ment of working conditions for workers
in the Canal Zone.
Noting that endorsement of the two-
fold pay improvement program "is quite
an undertaking costwise," Governor
Fleming said, "I consider it to be a real
incentive program which can reap bene-
fits for the Canal Zone employee in job
satisfaction and for the employing
agencies in worker productivity." The
Governor also expressed pleasure that
the plan provides recognition for the
higher levels of skill and for coordinated
wage increases. "The plan is more than
a wage increase," he said, "it is a further
opportunity for people to work up to
substantial rates of pay throughout the
organization."
While the new wage policy was
stirring fresh discussion of wages among
those most affected by it, similar
impetus was given to the subject of
wages paid in many U.S. wage base
positions by President Kennedy's pro-
posal that Congress establish a 3-year
plan of pay increases for 1.6 million
white-collar employees of the Federal
Government. Like the new Canal Zone
wage policy, the plan proposed by Pres-
ident Kennedy would provide greater
recognition of skills and additional
incentive for employees to improve their
abilities.


THIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW














Busy,



Busy



Month



Many duties and
obligations face Canal Zone
Chief Executive during
first month in office


Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr.


Governor Fleming
is greeted by
Lieutenant
Governor Leber
upon arrival at
Touumen Airport.
Looking on is
II HaIden Williamns,
Deputy Assistant
Secretary of Defense.


THE DUTIES of a Governor of the
Canal Zone are many and diverse at all
times, and for a new Governor there
are many obligations which must be
met in a very short time, as Gov. Robert
J. Fleming, Jr., found during his first
busy, busy month as Governor of the
Canal Zone and President of the Panama
Canal Company.
Arriving in the Canal Zone on the
evening of February 2 aboard the same
plane which brought U.S. Secretary of
Defense Robert J. McNamara to the
Isthmus for one in a series of overseas
conferences with local military com-
manders, Governor Fleming found him-
self launched on a fast-paced schedule
of conferences, official calls, receptions,
and work-a-day decisions.
Having been sworn into office by
Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, ir.,
in Washington the day before his
arrival on the Isthmus, Governor
Fleming said upon his arrival that he
was "delighted" with his new assignment.
"During my service," the new Gov-
ernor said, "I have had, from time to
time, assignments which were some-
what different from those normally con-
sidered usual. In retrospect, it now
seems there must have been a design in
these unusual assignments, for they'
have certainly been excellent training
for this new challenge. I believe that
because of these past experiences, I am
more concerned with social and human


MARCH 2, 1962







Panama President
Roberto F. Chiari
welcomes Governor
to Presidencia.






Antonio Caballero,
one of two
honorary aides
assigned to Governor
during visit to
Colegio Javier Fair,
stands at
attention as
Governor greets him.


factors than with the material and the
finite. And I hope that I can bring to
this new assignment a sincere apprecia-
tion of the problems involved in human
relationships."
His first weekend was largely devoted
to the conference held by the Defense
Secretary, but early Monday morning
the new Covernor held his first weekly
staff meeting, at which he outlined some
of his basic viewpoints and working
methods. During his first "work day,"
he also visited the Latin American
schools in Paraiso and called on U.S.
Ambassador Joseph S. Farland.
During that first week, he also par-
ticipated in the Panama Open, greeted


F/~I \


J,
I'T 1
p.. $


TIIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


S.


' i


the visiting Burgomeister of Oslo,
Norway, called on President Roberto
F. Chiari at the Presidencia, attended a
press reception at the home of Informa-
tion Officer Will Arey, received a num-
ber of courtesy calls, was host to retired
Gen. Alfred M. Cruenther on a partial
transit of Gaillard Cut, and attended
the Colegio Javier Fair.
The start of the second week found
him beginning a series of calls on diplo-
matic representatives of other countries
in Panama and attending the monthly
meeting of the Isthmian Historical
Society. During the week, he also held
his first meeting with the Zone's Latin
American Civic Council officers, during


which he again voiced his concern with
problems involving people, while point-
ing out that getting ships from one
ocean to the other continues to be the
primary mission here. As the second
week ended, he visited the Industrial
Division at Mount Hope and, while
there, presented a gold watch to Portel
lcHan, a foreman in the division, for
making the most valuable employee
suggestion submitted during 1961.
On Saturday, February 17, with his
third week as Governor getting under
way, he visited some of the housing
projects being carried out in Panama
through Development Loan Fund fi-
nancing and the following day was a
guest at the World Friendship Tea of
the Canal Zone Council, Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A., at Quarry Heights.
On Monday, February 19, Covernor
Fleming returned to the Atlantic side
to greet his wife, who arrived aboard
the Cristobal, having stayed in the
United States to close out their
affairs there.
Governor Fleming's third week also
included courtesy calls by representa-
tives of some of the unions which
represent Canal Zone employees, the
official reception in honor of Governor
and Mrs. Fleming by Lt. Gov. and Mrs.
W. P. Leber at the Tivoli Guest House,
speaking at the annual Engineers Ban-
quet, and meeting with the U.S. Civic
Council officers of the Canal Zone. He
concluded the month's activities by
officiating at a ceremony honoring
retirees from Company/Government
service.
Thus the first month was one of work,
work, work, duty, duty, duty, a few
hours for playing golf, and an on-the-
spot introduction to the operations cf
the Isthmian waterway.


Governor Fleming and Lieutenant Governor Leber talk with delegation from Rainbow
City Civic Council during meeting of Latin American Civie Councils at Santa Cruz in
mid-February. Left to right are Wilfred E. Barrow, Scabert laynes, and Astor N. Lewis.





'PuUII Ei .


--' Japanese-built locomrnoue. I. i
single cab, and an old-,I. It
locomotive with cab on each end
pass each other on
Gatun Locks center sall in line.

-







* ..

e -n f .......l .... "





New Machines for Old Job


The new locomotives, in one of their early assiglncunts, help Telde through Gatun Locks.






/ -







ei i ^


Japanese-built locomotives
assigned to duty at Gatun
. and doing fine.





THIE FIRST SIX of th.. (CL.,l 'v
towing locomotives are it -" .rk ti.e
days putting ships through C itu .. L., L?
And they are doing just hl..
Testing of the new n.iii.s tart... il
January shortly after th..,, a.iri ...d li .in
Japan and were set up *.i1 rl.. i r...-
cast lane tracks. As of i..l-lr ii.n,
they had handled e,..l'il tli' i1, 1
through that lane, froni lii' s ml -..ul-
ing 338 feet in length I. I. mtliiiin-
sized supercarriers .1I 4-2 I. ,-
Since the new locom.. *- .ir. tp L.-'
ble of using two cables i a..11 a .
many of the larger ve-,.. l'b haI.. hii,
towed through the lock, b' ..,l1 fo:.ur
machines using two calil.. c( i I hil
size ship required eight..f tli--' 11-. '. I1..

6 .1 ,'cII 2 l')62






one-line locomotives. As a safety meas-
ure, however, the two remaining test
machines have stood by with slack lines.
By the time the tests are completed,
it is expected that the six powerful, new,
two-cable mules will be able to take
ships through the locks which must be
assisted by 12 old-style locomotives.
So far, the visiting Japanese engineers
and the Canal officials who are keeping
close check on the tests, have found few
"bugs" in the new towing locomotives.
There are a few minor alterations which
will be added to the specifications of
the additional mules, but up to now,
both the engineers and the men who
operate the machines are happy with
their speed, strength, and handling ease.
Juichi Kaku, Chief Engineer of the
Panama Canal Company Locomotive
Engineering Center for Mitsubishi Shoji
Kaisha, Ltd., and Hatsuo Sasano, Chief
of Rolling Stock Export Division,
Machinery Export Department of Mit-
subishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., recently
arrived on the Isthmus in connection
with the locomotive contract.
They joined Kcisako Sugi, Hiroshi
Higara, and Mitsuo Kubota, three rep-
resentatives of Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha,
who have been here since the beginning
of the tests. Also in the Canal Zone for
the testing period is Robert Donaldson,
the Panama Canal's resident engineer
in Tokyo and Yasushigo Kisamori, his
administrative aid and interpreter.
While the Canal's six new towing
locomotives are being given their final
tests, a new signal system also is being
tested to facilitate communication
between the towing locomotive oper-
ators and pilots an ilaboard transition ships.
The system is a type of "walkie-talkie"
which will enable the pilot to commulni-
cate immediately and simultaneously
with the operator of the mules attached
to either side of the transiting vessel
and thus eliminate the historic bell and
hand signal system.
When tests on the first six new loco-
motives are successfully completed,
orders will be issued for work to start
on the construction of at least 33 more
machines which will eventually replace
all existing Canal mules. These will
begin arriving in the Canal Zone about
December 1962 and all Canal towing
equipment is scheduled to be com-
pletely replaced by' the summer of 1963.
Also to come are three electric cranes
which are included in the towing loco-
motive contract. They are to be built
on frames identical with those of the
towing locomotives and will have lifting
capacity of 14 tons at a radius of
13 feet. The cranes are to be built by
Tovo Denki Seizo, subcontractors for
Mitsubishi.


Yasushigo Kisamori
beside one of
new locomotives
at Gatun. -












1 I




THE ABILITY to speak fluent English,
car-driving skill, and a deft hand with
the cooking pot combined to provide a
magic carpet on which 30-year-old
Yasushigo Kisamori was able to leave
his native Japan for the first time and
visit the Isthmus.
Hired in Tokyo by Robert Donaldson,
the Canal's resident engineer during
construction of the new locomotives.
Mr. Kisamori proved to be such an able
employee that he has been made admin-
istrative aid to Mr. Donaldson in addi-
tion to his original duties as chauffeur
and interpreter.
While in the Canal Zone, he continues
to serve as an interpreter between Canal
officials and Japanese-speaking engineers
Keisako Sugi and litsuo Kubota. two
representatives of Mitsubishi Shoji
Kaisha, Ltd., who are here to assist
during testing of the locomotives.
A second job. however, is aimed at
keeping the visiting Japanese engineers
adequately and happilvynourished during
their stay on the Isthmus. To accom-
plish this, Mr. Kisamori supervises pre-
paration of the Japanese-style food
which they prefer.
As vice president in charge of the
Japanese kitchen he has established in
Gatun for himself and his two visiting
compatriots. Mr. Kisamori has had some
difficulty with the local food supply,
which he finds is considerably different


from that of his homeland. So far,
however, he has managed to produce
reasonable facsimiles of Japanese and
Chinese dishes. Native cooking is much
too spicy for the Japanese palate, he says.
Training for his wide variety of pres-
ent skills and duties was received during
his youth, when he worked at a number
of odd jobs in Tokyo. His uncle was an
accomplished Japanese-style cook and
his grandfather was an expert in
Chinese-style cooking. lie helped them
cook after school and during summer
vacations, acquiring the knowledge of
the cooking art which now is serving
both him and the two Japanese
engineers so well.
After the war, Mr. Kisamori acquired
a command of GI English while working
for the U.S. Armed Forces. It was
through his employment with the Armed
Forces that he also learned to drive an
automobile.
Despite the number of skills he has
acquired during his 30 years of life,
Mr. Kisamori has definite plans for
learning more. He hopes upon his return
to Japan to wangle a bid to a helicopter
pilot school in the United States. If he
can learn to operate a whirlybird,
Mr. Kisamori believes he will have a
bright future in the new Japanese air
transportation system, which is using
helicopters for passenger and freight
service between the main Japanese
islands.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW












































Several members of training class for


P4 %? W ...
II -
.. .....' .' ..,.. "

_. ,-r', -

Spanish-speaking Gray Ladies from Central America and Panama help nl children's pIla.~ 1,-1


LADIES IN GRAY


"COMO IIEMBRO del Servicio de
Dama Cris de la Cruz Roja Ameri-
cana, yo prometo conciente y leal ser-
vicio al hospital done sirva," (As a
member of the Cray Lady Service of
the American Red Cross, I pledge a
conscientious and loyal service to the
hospital in which I serve).
In solemn voices, in unison, 22 rep-
resentatives of the Red Cross from
Central America, Panama, and the
Canal Zone repeated this pledge after
Judge John E. Deming, chairman of
the Canal Zone Chapter of the Amer-
ican Red Cross, immediately after
receiving their Gray Lady caps, certifi-
cates, and pins February 14 in the Base
Theater of Albrook Air Force Base.
As they repeated the pledge, the
ladies faced the flags of their respective
countries, in front of which stood the
First Lady of Panama, Mrs. Roberto


F. Cliari, Ambassadors, diplomatic rep-
resentatives, U.S. Army officials, Amer-
ican Red Cross officials, and representa-
tives of the Canal Zone Health Bureau
and Gorgas Hospital.
The capping ceremony concluded the
program of the first Gray Lady training
course in Spanish ever given under the
auspices of the American Red Cross for
women of Central America and Panama.
The course was given at Corgas Hos-
pital, with local Gray Ladies and hos-
pital personnel as instructors. The class
also was visited by retired Gen. Alfred
M. Cruenther, president of the Amer-
ican Red Cross, who spoke to the
trainees about the importance of the
training they were receiving.
Three representatives of the Women's
Committee of the National Red Cross
Society in each of the six countries rep-
resented by tle trainees came to tlhe


First course in Spanish
for Red Cross Gray Ladiic,
given at Gorgas

Canal Zone for the course of isjl iil n' .r.
which started on February 5. O(, .11.1 I1
here, they were joined by four Sp..miih-
speaking Canal Zone women, ,l,. iii.: -
bers of the class. Upon retuml I1. thi.:
respective countries, the nev I,-..,ipp'.,I
Grav Ladies will act as instrui.lor: l.s r
other groups in their own I,,.d C(..
societies. The Canal Zone \...i,.: l '.,11
work with the Gorgas HospIl.l (CI.o.v
Lady program.
The capping ceremony w\., ,'',,:n'.1l
with an invocation by Lt. (..I I.., k
Moses. chaplain at Albrook A.\ FI,.:-
Base. A welcome to the guests "..i, gti ,:1,
by Mrs. Daniel J. Paolucci, .lmh 1nin.m
of Volunteer Services, Caii.lI Ziine
Chapter, American Red Cr-.s. ..11, .1
brief talk was given by Miss Hi-l:t:r E.
(arrett, American National 1I'.'l (r.,s
Field Director at Gorgas ]lospi ii


MARCH 2, 19i2






The Gray Ladies were introduced by
Mrs. J. Carl Baquie, chairman of the
Gray Lady Volunteers at Corgas Hos-
pital. The certificates were presented
by Col. Edward Sigerfoos, Director of
Corgas Hospital, and Mrs. Paolucci
presented the women with their pins.
During the training course at Gorgas,
each of the representatives wore Ihe
uniform and cap pertinent to the
\omen's Committee of the National
Red Cross Socijtv in her country. The
day of the capping ceremony, the ladies
came to the Albrook Theater in uniform,
but without caps. Then came the
moment when they received the caps
symbolic of their new role as Gray
Ladis from Miss Beatrice Simonis,
Director of Nurses at Gorgas Hospital.
' Ch: Gray Lady Pledge, administered
by Judge Deming, concluded the
ce inonv.
The Albrook Air Force Base Band
provided music for the program. After
the ceremony, a reception for the newly-
capped Gray Ladies was held at the
Albrook Officers Club.
The training course at Corgas in-
cluded a briefing on a volunteer's duties
and responsibilities, as well as on-the-
job training in the many ways a Gray
Lady may help in a hospital.
They were given a review of how the
Gray Lady can help in the food service;
how the volunteer can best serve the
patients of the surgical and orthopedic
services; how to best serve the patient
of the medical service, the nursing serv-


Gray Lady trainees listen attentively to retired Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, President of
the American Red Cross, who visited the Isthmus in connection with the instruction program.


ice, and to assist in the children's wards.
One afternoon during the course, the
volunteers were addressed by Miss
Hester E. Garrett, who outlined the Red
Cross program in a hospital and the role
of the volunteer in the Red Cross Hos-
pital program. She described the admin-


Accompanied by a regular member of the Gorgas Hospital Gray Ladies, a second group
of trainees helps with book and magazine distribution in one of the hospital wards.


-' w- -
,--- ~ L~C'


instration of the Gray Lady program,
the supervision of the program, and its
policies and procedures.
Miss Garrett also spoke on the pur-
pose of social service, the purpose of
the recreation service in relation to
patient needs and interests, with em-
phasis on the role of the Gray Lady in
the hospital recreation program.
The various representatives left for
their home countries on February 15.
The members, and graduates, of this
first Spanish-language training course
at Gorgas Hospital were:
Mrs. Lidia Castillo de Bequillard, Ni-
caragua; Mrs. Marina de Charlaix, El
Salvador; Mrs. Margarita de Dubois,
Panama; Mrs. Magdalena Conte de
Duque, Panama; Miss Mercedes Gordi-
llo, Nicaragua; Mrs. Gladys de Capriles
de Maduro, Costa Rica; Mrs. Marta
McCrav, Panama; Mrs. Laura de
McEntee, El Salvador; Mrs. Maria
Asunci6n de Mejia, Honduras; Miss
Esther Mezerville Ossave, Costa Rica;
Mrs. Alicia Mayorga de Palarea, Gua-
temala; Mrs. Aurora Presas, Curundu,
Canal Zone; Mrs. Thelma C. de Qui-
jano, Panama; Mrs. Estela Portillo de
Ramirez, Guatemala; Mrs. Pura James
de Ross, Guatemala; Mrs. Simcha Sasso
de Sasso, Costa Rica; Mrs. Josette Strat-
mann, Curundu, Canal Zone; Mrs. Car-
men de Valdez. El Salvador; Mrs. Cora
Ann Yore, Panama; Miss Eva Dolores
Zapata, Honduras: Mrs. Francisca Elena
de Ord6ilez, Honduras; and Mrs. Liana
Somarriba de Morales, Nicaragua.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


~----- 1


























r^ .l '



Former Panama Carnival Queens Miss Catita Lewis; Mrs. Sarita Chiari Selee: Miss Ruti Ehrlnan; Mrs. Elena Alemin Tapia, Queen of the
Pollera; Mrs. Manuelita Vallarino Morrice, Queen of the 1910 Panama Carnival; Miss Vivian Nalmad, 1962 Balboa High School Car-
nival Queen; Miss Elida Arias: and Mrs. Maria Esther Arango Arosemena at Istbmian Historical Society meeting. Mrs. Amy McCormick,
moderator, and Mrs. Marie Arias Smith, a member of the 1910 Carnival Court, are seated behind table.


This Is Carnaval


"4"


r


I .


Canal Zone G(ov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., greets 1961 Palnama Carnival Queei
Chanis during flag-raising in Balboa. At left is I lernin Arias and, in the center, Et


Its history, traditions, color, spirit,
legend, whys, and wherefores.

IN SPANISH it's Carnaval, in English,
Carnival, in French it's Mardi Gras. But
Sin any language it is a term applied
to a time of festivity, gaiety, and
S general merriment.
.i-. '' The festival, no matter what it is
called or where it is celebrated, has its
origin in religion and ancient traditions
dating to the pre-Christian era, but in
Christian garb it has emerged as a
pre-Lenten holiday.
In Panama, the 4-day festival begins
on the Saturday before the arrival of
Lent on Ash Wednesday. Each of the
4 days has been, by tradition, given
.- \over to a distinct set of events and
traditions, but each and all of them
have a single motif: Celebrate now in
preparation for the austere season
of Lent.
The opening day of the 1962 Car-
nival of the Americas, in Panama, will
be Saturday. March 3, and the observ-
ance will come to an end at dawn on
Ash W\ednesday, March 7.
The first day of the Panama Carnival
is, traditionally. Coronation Day. The
SAna Rtaquel Carnival Queen and her entourage enter
irique Rogers. tile city during the morning and greet


10 MARCH 2, 1962






Momo, Monarch of Merriment, who
will reign for 3 days. At the end of the
3 days, Momo, in the role of Pescado,
Prince of the Fishes, must return for
another year to the kingdom of his
fathers. As a mark of the times, Momo
now arrives at Tocumen Airport. In
days of yore, he would come in a boat
from Taboga-way. Saturday evening,
the coronation of the Carnival Queen
takes place. With the seating of Momo
and the crowning of the Queen, the
fiesta is considered officially open.
Sunday, the second day, is Pollera
Day and everyone who has one of the
colorful dresses participates in a seem-
ingly never-ending parade along Cen-
tral Ave. Sunday evening is one of the
gayest of the Carnival, with pollera and
montuna-clad participants attending
dances throughout the city.
Monday, which has no official title,
usually is the quietest of the Carnival.
The Queen and her court appear in
comparsa, or group costumes, and Car-
nival revelers follow suit, engaging in
their own brand of festive hi-jinks.
The fourth and last full day of Car-
nival, Tuesday, is highlighted by the
Carnival parade of floats in the after-
noon, while the frenzied beat of Car-
nival music throbs faster and faster for
the dances that start early and conclude
only with the dawn. The Carnival
Queen, her court, and all her subjects,
appear in their most elaborate and color-
ful costumes. On this final day of Car-
nival, all serious business is put aside
until Lent begins.
The beginning of the Lenten season
and the conclusion of the Carnival
comes with the "burial of the fish." This
ceremony, held at dawn on Ash Wed-
nesday, is symbolic of the legendary'
transformation of Momo. god of the
fun and frolic of Carnival, into a fish
because he overstaved the earthly
sojourn permitted him by his masters
in the ocean deeps. With the return of
the fish to the sea, the gaiety subsides,
Carnival is over, and the austerity of
Lent begins.
All residents and tourists in Panama
at Carnival time are welcome to par-
ticipate in the 4-day celebration. Doing
so is simply a matter of being in the
right place at the right time-and under-
standing at least the basic ingredients
of the spice and ginger cake which
is Carnival.
Throughout the festivities, there are
many scheduled and unscheduled activi-
ties of a public or semi-public nature in
which one and all are free to participate.
The start of pre-Carnival planning
and preparation always is signaled by
the raising of the Carnival flag in the
various communities of Panama and the


Queen
of the Pollera
Mrs. Elena
Alemi6n Tapia
displays
pollera de luio.
.













Canal Zone. This year, the flag was
raised on the Pacific side of the Zone,
with members of the Board of Directors
of the Panama Canal Company and the
1961 Carnival Queen, Ana Raquel
Chanis, participating, on January 19.
The Cristobal flag-raising ceremonies,
held in conjunction with the Colon
flag-raising, was held on February 1.
The following day, the Carnival flag
went up in Santa Cruz, halfway
between the two oceans, and on Feb-
ruary 25 the flag was raised in Rainbow
City, to bring the entire Zone into the
whirligig of pre-Carnival preparations.
These pre-Carnival activities include
the readying of the costumes to be worn,
floats to be used in the parade, and,
most important of all, selection of
queens by the various communities and
participating organizations planning
their own localized observances in con-
nection with the festivities. Although
most of the public attention is, by the
nature of such things, focused on the
Queens of Panama City and Colon, each
of the queens is sovereign only in the
community which she represents.
Last month, as the pre-Carnival pre-
parations moved into high gear on the
Isthmus, the monthly meeting of the
Isthmian Historical Society featured a
discussion of Carnival events over the
years since the first official Carnival
was held under the sanction and sup-


porting sponsorship of the Government
of the Republic of Panama in 1910.
Carnival Queens from 1910, 1915, 1918,
1924, 1925, and 1929 were present.
Mrs. Elena Alemain de Tapia, Queen of
the Pollera, and Miss Vivian Nahmad,
1962 Carnival Queen of Balboa High
School, also participated in the pro-
gram. To complete the Carnival-oriented
meeting, a number of native dances
were performed by Queen Vivian and
Professor Domingo Dominguez, in
whose dancing class she is a pupil.
Professor Dominguez also danced with
Mrs. Tapia, herself a skilled performer
of the tamborito, the punto, and the
intricate cumbia.
Mrs. Frank Morrice was the first
official Carnival Queen of Panama. The
1910 festival over which she reigned
was the first Carnival endorsed and sup-
ported by the Republic of Panama.
Until that year, Carnival had been
almost solely a haphazard observance
celebrated with much rowdiness.
The 1910 Carnival, spurred on by a
contest in the leading daily newspaper
to select a Queen, launched the official
festival. The contestants for Queen
dwindled to five finalists and was won
by Manuelita Vallarino, now Mrs. Mor-
rice. She was crowned in the National
Theater on the last clay of the festivities,
(Sec p. 14)


TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






Carnival ZUim, a ln f or 44ll
I' l i .n


lMono, Monarch of Carnival Merriment, joins in dancing.


The sea and the life it contains are a central theme nt Carnival
as these two parade floats indicate.


*vly LOES TE ..l. i ;...
Now" 1.mmb
.7r OC~


I) *I. ln d *t i ir . l .,.I.r. ...i L 1 I I ll -. ,,,, .


Parade float depicting legendary Chinese dragons also features beautiful girls.



The parade, highlight and near-conclusion of the 4-day Carnival.
produces, crowds, crowds, and more crowds.

It-Cn -IF -^^B-BN~fl
































This Is Carnaval
(Continued from p. 11)
rather than on the first day as present-
day queens are crowned. Mrs. Marie
Arias Smith, a member of the court in
1910, described the beauty of the
coronation ceremony.
Miss Ruti Ehrman, Panama's Car-
nival Queen of 1929, spoke of the
changes in the Carnival celebration
the year she was crowned, when the
Union Club in Panama was the center
of the Queen's activities. She was the
only contestant for Queen that year.
"There was no competition. Everything
was peaceful," she recalled.
Another of the Queens, Miss Elida
Arias, said that in those days, the Car-
nival Queen always was treated with
the greatest gallantry and often sup-
planted the President of the Republic
at functions attended by both.
Both Mrs. Tapia and Miss Nahmad
wore polleras and the highly stylized
jewelry which completes the costume,
while Julio Barba, Miss Nahmad's
escort, wore the male's traditional Car-
nival costume of montuno and the
"sombrero de Penonom6."
These costumes, as much a part of
the Carnival tradition as Momo and the
various Queens, are peculiar to the Isth-
mus and are believed to have developed
among the servant classes. Each of them
s a intriguing history, as Mrs. J. Bar-
til. Smith explained to those attending
th


The w "polla," or
young girl.
more and mo


pollera" comes from
in, a slang term for a
jliih it has become
Slaorate over the years,


Balboa High Queen
I'... Vivian Nahmnad
t' .. with
'' .- Professor Domingo
Dominguez,
SAnthony Scotttino,
and
SJulio Barba.

S d.s at

rh.







tradition governs the fashioning of
the dress.
The pollera de lujo worn by Mrs.
Tapia was embroidered exquisitely \ in
blue aiid adorned with handmade lace.
The background of the pollera always is
white e handkerchief linen of fine lawn,
and the skirt is full, ranging from 6 to
S yards at the hen. Cross-stitch embroi-
dery or applique, all by hand, are used
in decoration. Handmade insertion is
whipped onto each hemn of the pollera's
numerous ruffles, and to this is gathered
lace edgings.
Colored yarn is drawn through the
meshes of the wide "off-shoulder" lace
bertha and ends in a large pom-pom at
front and back. Small ribbon tabs at the
waistband and heelless slippers, or
zapatillas, match the embroidery and
ponm-poms.
One to three petticoats are worn
under the pollera, with the outer one
also elaborately adorned with needle-
work and fine lace, for it is shown
when the skirt of the pollera is
coquettishly lifted during the traditional
native dances.
Tembleque ornaments, worn in pairs,
now\ are fashioned of tinsel wire and
beads into the shape of flowers, birds,
and butterflies and are anchored to hair-
pins in clusters at either side of the
head. Heirloom tembleques, however,
treasured by many of Panama's older
and wealthier families, are entirely of
gold. Above the tembleques are worn
gold-mounted peinetas and, at the back
of the head, stately peineta de falcon,
or high comb, and peineta de luees,
which reflect light and glisten in it.
Only yellow gold is worn with the
pollera, and pearls and coral are tlhe


only jewels allowed. Mrs. Tapia wore
heirloom jewelry, with the traditional
cadena chata, a flat gold chain which
usually ends in an ornamental religious
piece or a flexible fish, the latter forming
a link with the legend of Pescado. Pearls
are used in the mosqueta, a rounded
gold disk with graduated terraces set
\\ith pearls, with a large pearl in
the center.
The montuno still is the customary
attire of men in the remote interior prov-
inces of Panama and derives its name
from the fact that it was originated by
mountaineers.
Fashioned of heavy, coarse, white
cloth, the montuno has short, below-
the-knee trousers, which frequently are
ravelled into a fringe thickly inter-
spersed with colored threads, and a
loose tunic, or overshirt, similarly
ravelled and decorated. Leather sandals
are worn on bare feet and, since the
trousers have no pockets, a handwoven
moehila is slung from one shoulder to
carrv anything ordinarily carried in
pockets. The costume is topped by a
handwoven hat, the "sombrero de
Penonomi."
The feminine counterpart of this cos-
tume is the montuna, sometimes called
a tumba hombre, or man-killer. In colo-
nial days, this was the dress of the
servants, or slaves. The full-gathered
skirt is made of gay-flowered material
edged with narrow lace at the hem.
Small ribbon tabs at the front and bal-k
of the skirthand match the flat slippers
and pom-poms of the laee-trimmed, off-
the-shoulder blouse. The chief differ-
ence between the blouse of the montuna
and that of the pollera fiesta is that the
former has one ruffle, while the latter
has two.
A handwoven hat also is worn with
the montuna. This hat, like the man's,
is turned up in front and usually is
fastened with a pom-pom, while a
matching ribbon streamer hangs down
the back The original wearers of the
montuna had long black braids, which
today's girls, with their short hair, often
imitate with varn braids.
"Toldos," open air-dance halls that
are as typical of Panama as the pollera,
are erected in different areas of the city
for dancing and merriment. Here a
person may dance all night for a small
fee. Outside the toldos, vendors have
tamales, tortillas, came en palito (small
pieces of barbecued beef on a stick),
and beverages available for the dancers.
Thus is the Carnival and its tradi-
tional costumes, dances, legends, and
history upheld in present-clav Panama,
where the entire populace joins in the
colorful festivities and general merri-
ment of the pre-Lenten celebration.


MAnRC 2, 1962





DESPITE a change in plans for the
accelerated vacation season sailing
schedule of the Panama Canal Com-
pany's Cristobal, all employees with
reservations on the vessel for the
affected period will be accommodated
within a few days of their originally
scheduled dates.
In announcing a revised scheduled
for the vessel for the remainder of this
year, officials of the Water Transporta-
tion Division said the revisions were
necessary in order to provide more time
between arrival and departure of the
ship at both New Orleans and Cristobal.
Under the revised plans, the Cristobal
will make the round trip from Cristobal
to New Orleans and back to Cristobal
in 11 days instead of 10 days during
the accelerated sailing schedule, which
goes into effect with the April 2 sailing
from Cristobal. The present winter
schedule of 14 days for the round trip
is not affected by the changes.
Employees scheduled to sail from
New Orleans on July 3 under the
originally planned schedule will be


divided between the sailings of June 26
and July 7. Those with school children
who were scheduled to sail from New
Orleans on July 3 are being reassigned
to the July 7 sailing, while those without
school children will be reassigned to
the June 26 sailing.
The original plans for the accelerated
vacation schedule provided only 14
hours for unloading and loading the
ship at Cristobal. This was found to be
too short a time and under the new
schedule there will be 32 hours between
arrival and sailing at Cristobal. The
53 hours allotted for stevedoring at New
Orleans will be extended to 56 hours.
During the 11-day schedule, the ship
will leave Cristobal at 3 p.m. and New
Orleans at 4 p.m. Arrival time at New
Orleans will be 8 a.m. and at Cristobal
it will be 7 a.m. The complete schedule
through the remainder of 1962 is
printed herewith, along with a listing
of the changes made in reservations
issued prior to the change from a 10-day
round trip to an 11-day round trip
for the vacation schedule.


Schedule of Cristobal For Remainder of 1962


Leave Arrive
New Orleans Cristobal
1 p.m. 7 a.m.
February 27 March
March 13 March


Leave
New Orleans
4 p.m.
March 2
April
April 2
May
Mlay 1
May 2
june
June 1
Iune 2
*luly
"July 1
"*Ily 2
CAugust
*August 2
*August 3
*September 1
September 2
October
October 1
October 3
November 1
November 2
December 1


Arrive
Cristobal
7 a.m.
March
April
April
Mav
MaYv
May
June
June
June
July

August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October
November
November
December
December


Leave
Cristobal
1 p.m.
March
March

Leave
Cristobal
3 p.m.
* April
April
April
May
May
May
*June


*July
"Julv
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October
November
November
December
December


*Sails at 1 p.m.
*Preference for passage on these ships will be given to teachers
children of school age traveling with them.


Arrive
New Orleans
8 a.m.
March
March 2

Arrive
New Orleans
8 a.m.
April
April 1
April 2
May 1
May 2
June
June 1
July
June 2

July 1
July 2
August
August 1
August 2
September
September 2
October
October 1
October 2
November
November 2
December
December 2


and employees with


March 30
April 9
April 19
April 29
May 9
May 19
May 29
June 8
June 18
June 28
July 7
July 17
July 27
August 6
August 16
August 26
September 4
September 14
September 24

FROM
Former
Reservation
April 5
April 15
April 25
May 5
May 15
May 25
June 4
June 14
June 24
July 3

July 13
July 23
August 2
August 12
August 22
August 31
September 10
September 20
September 30
October 10
October 20
October 30
November 9
November 19


April 2
April 14
April 14
April 25
May 6
May 17
May 28
June S
June 19
July 1
July 12
July 23
August 3
August 14
August 14
August 25
September 5
September 16
September 27


NEW ORLEANS
New
Reservation
April 9
April 20
April 20
May I
May 12
May 23
June 3
June 14
June 26
June 26
or July 7
July 7
July 18
July 29
August 9
August 20
August 31
September 11
September 22
October 3
October 16
October 16
October 30
November 13
November 27


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Schedule


of Cristobal


Revised








Reservation Changes
FROM CRISTOBAL
Former New
Reservation Reservatic


Ol





































spectators and participants to the Balboa Heights Administration Building.


This is the artist's concept of how the new Gamboa post office will look when completed.


MODERN functional post office design
is the main feature of the new Gamboa
Office now under construction by
.ierias Unidas de Col6n, S.A. at a
cost oi $14,700. Built on the founda-
tions of former frame post office
building, t \w post office will be of
steel and ceent block construction.
It will have outside post boxes on one


side, a lobby for the service windows
at the front and a loading platform at
the back. Scheduled for completion
about July 15, it will be opened to the
public short time later.
During the time that the new post
office is being built, a temporary post
office for Camboa has been set up in
the Gamboa Housing Division Office.


THE TAMBORITO and the cumbia,
danced with graceful sweeps of polle-
ras to the beat of native drums, brought
a brief flurry of gaiety and native color
to the staid Balboa Heights Administra-
tion Building late in January when a
group of Panamanian citizens honored
retiring Cov. W. A. Carter at a public
ceremony of tribute.
One of the first such events ever
staged at the Administration Building,
the demonstration was attended by offi-
cials as well as private citizens from
Panama. Students from the National
Institute of Panama participated in the
native folk dancing, which concluded a
ceremony during which Governor
Carter was presented a medallion as
a token of esteem from the Panamanian
people.
The former Governor left the Isth-
mus by plane January 25 for Washing-
ton, D.C., where he took over his new
position as senior engineer advisor of
the Inter-American Development Bank.
He was succeeded in February by Maj.
(;en. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., who first
visited the Isthmus during the January
meeting of the Board of Directors of
the Panama Canal Company and then
returned on February 2 to assume his
new duties as Governor of the Canal
Zone and President of the Panama
Canal Company.

16 MARCH 2, 1962


Public tribute to retiring Governlor Carter brought a crowd of







Worth Knowing

"WHAT'S WRONG with you guys?
I sent my little boy up there with his
older sister and it should be obvious
I wanted a doctor to see him. I cer-
tainly didn't want him sitting there for
an hour while you goofed around trying
to call me."
The speaker is an irate parent and the
listener a member of the hospital staff
who frequently has difficulty over-
coming the angry flow of \words to
explain the whys and wherefores of the
situation, which is typical of a recurring
problem for the hospitals and a source
of annoyance to parents.
Back of the misunderstanding is the
requirement that Canal Zone hospitals
must have the consent of a parent or
legal guardian before a doctor can
examine or provide treatment for a
minor. Even in an emergency, treat-
ment nust await authority from the
parent unless delay would endanger the
life or future health of the child.
Hospital and legal authorities point
out that all the difficulty can be avoided
if parents unable to accompany a
minor child to the hospital send a
written consent, or telephone immedi-
ately prior to the appointment to give
verbal consent. (Under Canal Zone law,
any person under 21 years of age is con-
sidered a minor, except a married
female 1S years of age or older.)
In preparing a written note for the
child, the parent or legal guardian
should give the youngster's name and
refer to the condition for which treat-
ment is sought, for a consent is not valid
if too general or if it refers to unrelated
conditions.
The hospital and legal authorities
also point out that the requirement is
for the protection of the minor against
mistreatment and thus should be viewed
by parents as an additional assurance
rather than an annoyance.

THE COMPASS, an external house
organ published by the Soconv Mobil
Oil Co., Inc.. devoted the entire cover
and five inside pages of the January-
February issue to an article on the
Panama Canal, which it refers to as
"The Canal That Couldn't Be Dug."
The cover picture, in color, shows a
ship and tug northbound in Gaillard
Cut near Contractors Hill. The pictures
illustrating the article, all but one of
them in color, show the locks, work on
the current Cut-widening project, and
other Canal sights. Photographs used
for both the cover and to illustrate the
article were supplied by the Panama
Canal Compan .

TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17


Karina Caries of
Muchachas Guias,'
Martha Jane Spinney
of Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A., and
Petunia Marshall
of International Girl I l
Scouts symbolize
international
character of
Isthmian Girl Scout
activities.








MORE THAN 1,000 Canal Zone Girl
Scouts and approximately 300 adult
leaders paused late last month in their
usual round of troop meetings and activi-
ties to honor the memory of the founder
of the Scout movement, Lord Robert
Baden-Powell, and Juliette Low, who
established the first troop of Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A.
The same girls and adult leaders also
were making special preparations to
celebrate the 50th anniversary of the
founding of that first troop by Juliette
Low on March 12, 1912. Since that first
troop of 12 girls met in Savannah, Ga.,
almost 18'I million girls, women, and
men have participated in programs asso-
ciated with the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.
The Girl Scouts in the Canal Zone,
like their counterparts in the United
States and 48 other countries around tlhe
world where U.S. citizens live, have a
long tradition of international friend-
ship. Each year, hundreds of teenage
girls and adults participate in an inter-
national exchange program sponsored
by the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. in
cooperation with 51 member countries
of the World Association of Girl Guides
and Girl Scouts.
In the Canal Zone, however, associa-
tions between girls of three different and
distinct scouting organizations are almost
daily events. For here, the Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A. rub shoulders and exchange
experiences and knowledge with both
the Muchachas Guias of Panama and
the International Girl Scouts of the
Canal Zone.
Officials of both the other Girl Scout
organizations on the Isthmus were
guests of the Canal Zone Council, Girl


.. iI


Scouts of the U.S.A., at the Juliette
Low teas held on each side of the Isth-
mus last month to honor the woman
who first introduced Girl Scouting to
the United States.
The international friendship programs
carried out by troops of the Canal Zone
Council, Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.,
include welfare projects on behalf of
various organizations in Panama, with
particular emphasis on orphanages and
similar institutions.
There also are frequent meetings
between troops of the various Girl Scout
organizations on the Isthmus. These
meetings usually arc planned to provide
an exchange of knowledge between the
girls of the different organizations. In
this way, members of the Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A. learn something of Isthmian
and Caribbean folkways, handicraft,
and language, while members of the
Muchachas Guias and International Cirl
Scouts learn similar things about the
United States and its citizens.
Capstone of local events marking the
50th anniversary of the Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A. on March 12 will be
issuance of a stamp commemorating the
date. This stamp, issued by the Canal
Zone Postal Division, carries a trefoil
design in the foreground and palm trees,
tents, and the Canal in the background.
Present officers of the Canal Zone
Council, Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., are
Mrs. Harold Spinneyv, Los Rios, Pres-
ident; Mrs. Walter O'Conner, Fort
Clayton, First Vice President: Mrs.
Robert Piper, Quarry Heights, Second
Vice President; and Mrs. Nellie T.
Farrell, Executive Director.






JOHN E. DOVE, wxho said his good-
byes at Palo Seco Leprosarirnm on
January 30, \will be remembered fondly
by the patients, who honored him on
his last da\y there. Later, he went to
the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights to receive a retirement certifi-
cate for 47 years, 2 months, and 12 davs
of Company, Government service.
Handkerchiefs were used unashamedly
to wipe away tears during a gathering
in the Palo Seco Recreation Hall, as
several of the patients at Palo Seco
voiced the deep appreciation of their
fellow patients and themselves for the
ministrations they had received from
Mr. Dove for more than a third of a
century.
Francisco Arosemena, endeavoring to
put his gratitude and that of other
patients into words, said, "For 37 )years
you've lived with us and aided us, and
our deepest thanks go out to you for all
vou did for us. I well remember how
vou came to us in the little launch, even
when the seas were roughest. May God
go with vou."
Simeon Hall, with tears streaming
down his face, said there was no music,
but no music was needed; there was no
chorus of voices to sing a farewell
melody, but no farcwcll songs were
required by those present, moved, as
they were, by sincere sentiment.
In addition to the verbal tributes,
Mr. Dove was presented a watch from
patients and fellow employees at the


fU

L -
John E. Dove, in suit, poses with patients and fellow employees at Palo Seco Leprosarium.


leprosarium. The presentation was made
by Adrienne Charles. An inscription on
the back of the watch bears the name
John E. Dove and the dates, August
1925-January 1962.
The honor guest noted, in his speech
of acceptance, that he had come to Palo
Seco for a temporary assignment, expect-
ing to remain 7 days at the most. He
remained for 37 years.
Arriving on the Isthmus on May 1,
1914, Mr. Dove's first employment
with the Canal organization was as a
waiter. He worked at the Tivoli Hotel,


the Hotel Aspinwall on Taboga Island,
and in the La Boea restaurant. In 1917
he transferred to the Health Bureau and,
prior to his position at Palo Seco, was
an attendant at Ancon Hospital.
On August 7, 1925, he went to Palo
Seco as a medical aid and, in his own
words, "dedicated myself to the purpose
for which 1 came." The spontaneous
tributes paid him by the gathering in
the Palo Seco Recreation Hall on his
last work day demonstrated that his
dedication was sincere and appreciated.


PEOPLE


Joseph Trowver, left, and Roger Chastain.


-- e
L^ .


A YOUNG MAN on his way up. This
description would seem to fit Joseph
Trower, a Balboa High School graduate
who is studying industrial engineering
at Georgia Institute of Technology in
Atlanta and simultaneously is becoming
a success in the entertainment field.
Young Joe recently stepped iup
another rung on the ladder to success as
a professional musician when he and a
college friend recorded a guitar and
vocal version of a song named "Jungle
Lullaby."
The record, according to first reports
from such experts as American Band-
stand and National Music Survey, Inc.,
has all the earmarks of a hit.
In fact, the recording was chosen by
National Music Survey, which services
about 1,200 stations all over the United
States. as its pick hit of the week and
American Bandstand gave it 97 out of
a possible 9S points for first place in a
weekly review.
In record publishing circles, this
means that success in a difficult field
may be in sight and that the students


may really break into the "big time."
Young Trower and his friend, Roger
Chastain of Georgia, call themselves
"The Legends," when appearing profes-
sionally. In private or student life, they
are a pair of senior engineering students
who expect to graduate from Georgia
Tech in June.
Joe is the soi of the late R. M. Trowver
and Mrs. Trowver of Balboa. He was
born in the Canal Zone, attended Canal
Zone schools, and was graduated from
Balboa High School in 195S. He took
up the guitar in his primary school days
and became expert in his high school
years under supervision of Victor Herr,
former Director of Music at Balboa
High School.
in college, he met young Chastain,
joined the glee club, played the guitar,
and last year made a tour of Europe
with a group of other students from
Georgia Tech. They also appeared on
amateur programs and in night elubs
in addition to keeping up with their
engineering studies at college.

18 MAncH 2, 1962


_






WALTER R. LINDSAY, Canal Zone
agronomist, a man wiho has left his mark
on the Isthmus in the form of many of
the now common trees and shrubs used
in local landscaping, is on his way to a
hobby-filled retirement in Florida. With
his wife, Mr. Lindsay Lft the Isthmus
on February 20 aboard the Cristobal,
after 31 years, I month, and II davs of
service with the Canal organization.
The retiring agronomist has been
responsible for bringing many new
plants to the Isthmus, but few of them
are more striking than the Norfolk Island
pine trees which can be seen here and
there in both the Zone and Panama.
This vividly green tree with the char-
acteristic pine contours has survived in
the Isthmian climate, but Mr. Lindsay
fears they may never reproduce.
His landscaping work also has con-
tributed to the beauty of both the Zone
and Panama, where he frequently has
aided and advised friends and officials
in their landscaping problems. Mr. Lind-
say directed the work performed at the
Canal Zone Governor's residence in pre-
paration for the visit of Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Six years
later he repeated the performance to
provide a background for the reception
for Prince Philip.
Mr. Lindsay was born at Paia on the
island of Maui, in what was then tlhe
Territory of Hawaii, and grew up in
the horticultural environment of the
50th State. His father was an engineer


on vessels which traveled to the Orient,
but Walter followed in the footsteps of
an unele who had the only nursery on
the island of Maui.
Having chosen agronomy as his field,
\alter spent summer vacations working
as a supervisor of laborers on pineapple
plantations in the Pacific island group.
He joined the Canal organization in
December 1930, after receiving his
bachelor of science degree from Wash-
ington State College. His first job was
supervisor of cultures at the Canal Zone
Experimental Gardens, Summit. The
Gardens were relatively new in those
days, having been established only some
half-dozen years previously on the site
of a former poultry farm.
Named Acting Directorof the Gardens
in mid-1936, he was advanced to Direc-
tor 2 years later and in June 1950 was
named Chief of the then newly estab-
lished Grounds Maintenance Division.
He was transferred to the position of
agronomist with the consolidation which
resulted in the present Community
Services Division.
Mr. Lindsay is the author of papers
on mangosteen cultivation, on teak in
the Canal Zone, on the natural resources
of the Panama area, and on edible and
poisonous fruits of the Caribbean area.
He was one of the organizers of the
Canal Zone Cem and Mineral Society,
was a charter member of the Orchid
Society, and was 1961 president of the
Canal Zone Natural History Society.


- .-, -


Walter H. Lindsay and Norfolk Island pine.

That hobby-filled retirement? Even
before he left the Isthmus, Mr. Lindsav
had forwarded numerous orchids and
rocks to St. Petersburg, Fla., thus pre-
paring to continue two of his several
hobbies in the additional spare time
which he now will have.


OF INTEREST


TEN DAYS spent in the Canal Zone
undoubtedly will be remembered
fondly for many years by 11-year-old
Beida Batista, a resident of a small
Panamanian village north of Divisa.
Winsome Beida, shy but inquisitive,
visited the Zone as a houseguest of
Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Loga of Los Rios.
The Logas first met Beida last summer,
after renting a house in the Panama-
nian village of Paris, where the young
girl makes her home with the farm
family of Julio Cedefio.
Living next door, Beida soon became
a frequent visitor, assisting Mrs. Loga
with the housework. Pleased with
Beida's intelligence and natural charm,
the Canal Zone couple promised her the
Zone visit if she got good grades in
school. The young girl paid heed and
completed her fifth year of school with
the equivalent of five A's and one B.
The 10-day visit to the Zone followed.
The trip to the Zone was the first time
that Beida had been south of Divisa,
which is 12 miles from Paris. Tlhe
journey, made in the company of

TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19


iMr. Loga and a hunting companion,
Clifford Samuels, elicited a constant
flow of-'luestions from Beida.
Faseinated by the people, traffic,
stores, merchandise, and other unfami-
liar sights in the Zone and the neighbor-
ing parts of Panpma, Beida was treated
to several shopping-nd sightseeing trips
into Paii1Tna City. These iniellided a
visit to tlh-eamarket. anot-he-t4o- -t e
Sunday morning drawing of the National
Lottery, and a trip downtown to watch
the parade in honor of Don Bosco on
January 31.
In the Canal Zone, she visited Mira-
flores Locks, Contractors Hill, the
Administration Building at Balboa
Heights, was conducted on a tour of
the SS Cristobal, and made a round trip
between Balboa and Gambon on the
Panama Railroad.
Outfitted with the first readvmade
clothes she ever has owned. Beila left
for home 10 days after arrival, pro-
fuse in her thanks and appreciation.
Undoubtedly she has been busily telling
of her adventures ever since, but the


fond memories are not hers alone-the
Logas also have many that will not
soon be forgotten.





ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Julius Cheney
Leader Electrician
Robert W. Anderson
Stockman
Ralph L. Sell
Lead Foreman, Quarters
Maintenance
Mean Actorus Brown
Oiler
Christopher T. Cox
Laborer Cleaner
Manuel NM. Camarena
Heavy Laborer
Liyala E. Bailey
Ileavy Laborer
Seiford N. Lyneh
Floating Plant Water Tender
George McKenzic
Maintenanccman
Reginald P. Young
Seaman
IIEALTII BUREAU
Nadine WV. Cain
Head Nurse, Psychiatry
Ruby E. Ford
Staff Nurse
Antonio Olmedo
Ileavv Pest Control Laborer
Cecil G. Wilmot
Nursing Assistant
Vivian V. Pinto
Cook
Harry White
hospital Laborer
MARINE BUREAU
HIy C. Lattin
Chief Engineei. Towboat or
Ferry


Fred M. Weade
Canal Pilot
Nelson R. Clark
Supervisory Marine Traffic
Controller
Lambert W. Kat
Towboat or Ferry Master
Rupert A. Tomlinson
Helper Shipwright
Jose Gonzalez
Seaman
Edgard U. ortit
Teletypist
Inocencio Torres
General Helper
Julio Maeia
Oiler
Mareial Esciu a
Seaman
James P. B ukalis
Leader ,,elk W hii
John S. Romelis
Timekeeper
James S. Best
Heavy Laborer
L. C. Greenidge
Oiler
Renaldo E. Henry
Deckhand
Emelio B. Iumphries
Boatman
Vincent Correa
Maaintenance Painter
Mlareos Darkuin
Helper Lock Operator
Alejo C. Guevara
Heavy Laborer
Rogelio A. Canizales
Launch Operator
Juan Gorrichategui
Launch Operator
Frank L. Maloney
Helper Lock Operator


Louis E. Palmer
Sheetmetal W\orker
Luis C. Quintero
Typewriter Repairman
OFFICE OF TIHE
COMPTROLLER
Thomas II. Scott
Chief Accountant
n ,

-1ii tir '-)rker
Cecil W~. Ilaughton
Warehouseman
Louis George Jean
Clerk
Enlth U. Clarke
Meat Packager
Annetta B. Remice
Counter Attendant
Eghert Arhoihne
Dry Cleaning Presser
Rosa Amelia Prados
Meat Packager
Elphina A. Williams
Retail Store Sales Checker
Lloyd II. Harriott
Central Helper
Agustin Gareia
Service Center Supervisor
Ernest Bernard
Baker
MNay Louise Johnson
Retail Store Sales Checker


Cathrine Brown
Cook
Pablo Del Cid
Leader Milker
Claudine A. Daxoi
Sales Clerk
William B. Mallory
Chief. Motion Picture Service,
Balboa Theater
Estella T. Nelson
Sales Clerk
Rullth 1. Callender
Retail Store Sales Checker
John II. Blades
Slaintenanceman
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Lorenzo Garay
Lead Foreman Dock Cargo
Operations
Cnstavo Rivas
Automotive Mechanic
George G. Mandevillc
Truck Driver
Clarence P. Whyte
Helper Locomotive Engineer
Rupert S. Austin
Automotive Equipment
Serviceman
Victor L. Caldera
Railroad Trackman
Vernal C. Williams
Chauffeur
Reeinald MI. Myric
Truck Driver
Phillip A. Gill
Truck Driver
Uriah A. Williams
Brakeman
Joseph Savoury
Painter


20 MARCH 2, 1962


ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)




ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
James i. Monris
oh Sruction InC or
T. 'ath'wait
Fr *k Driv
ARI E BUREAU




Sept) us Sinmos
maintenance Painter
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Samuel J. Silcott
Heavy Laundry Worker
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Clyde S. Prescott
Track Leader Laborer








PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
January 5 through February 5


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between January 5 and
February 5 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
EXECUTIVE PLANNING STAFF
Thomas E. Burrow, from Supervisory Or-
ganization Methods Examiner, to Man-
agement Analysis Officer (Assistant Chief,
Executive Planning Staff).
R. Trendon Vestal, from Organization and
Methods Examiner, to Management
Analyst (Plans Officer).
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Wilmna D. Crump, Secretary (Stenography),
Irom Office of the Director, Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau, to Office of
the Director.
Hector Ching, from Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, to Detention
Guard, Police Division.
Division of Schools
Anita MI. McClelland, from Substitute
Teacher, to Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher.
Eunice E. Mason, from Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Edward M. Browder, Jr., from General
Engineer (Assistant Engineering and
Construction Director), to Supervisory
General Engineer (Assistant Engineering
and Construction Director), Office of the
Director.
Engineering Division
Meyer S. Slotkin, from General Engineer
(Assistant Designing Engineer), to Super-
visory General Engineer (Assistant
Designing Engineer).
Edward H. Allen, from Mechanical Engi-
neer (Industrial Equipment), to Super-
visory General Engineer (Chief, Locks
Overhaul and Maintenance Branch).
Wayne H. Nellis, from Electrical Engineer
(General), to Electronic Engineer
(General).
Sidney Temple, File Clerk, from Admin-
istrative Branch.
Dredging Division
Francesco Viglietti, William II. Gordon,
Larchan II. Robinson, from Launch
Operator, to Motor Launch Captain.
John F. Runck, from Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Property and Supply Clerk.
Joseph Mathurin, from Seaman, to Floating
Plant Oiler.
Ricardo R. Reefer, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Electrical Division
Robert II. McConaughey, from Apprentice
Power Plant Operator, First Year, to
Apprentice Power Plant Operator,
Second Year.
Livingstone B. Reece, from Helper Arma-
ture Winder, to Electroplater (Limited).
lenry S. Steven, from Laborer, to Heavy
Laborer.
Maintenance Division
Meano A. Brown, llector M. DeSouza,
Sidney A. Gordon, Herman G. Myles,
from Oiler, to Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Plant Operator.
Salvador Navas, from Heavy Laborer, to
General Helper.
Carlos Herazo, from Utility Worker, Sup-


ply Division, to Asphalt or Cement
Worker.
Contract and Inspection Division
Junior C. Billingsley, from Towing Loco-
motive Engineer, Locks Division, to
Construction Inspector (General).
IEALTI BUREAU
Jimmy R. Givens, from Accountant, to
Graduate Intern (Administrative Serv-
ices) Office of the Director.
Reginald F. Sandiford, from Hospital
Laborer, Gorgas Hospital, to Nursing
Assistant (Psychiatry), Corozal Hospital.
Carlos L. James, from Laborer Cleaner,
Supply Division, to Kitchen Attendant,
Palo Seco Leprosarium.
Gorgas Hospital
Alexander Egudin, from Pharmacist, to
Supervisory Pharmacist.
Geraldine W. Knick, from Staff Nurse, to
Nurse Supervisor.
OFFICE OF TIE COMPTROLLER
Jerome E. Steiner, from Supervisory
Cashier, to Supervisory Cashier (Assist-
ant Treasurer), Treasury Branch.
John C. Paige, from Teller, to Supervisory
Cashier, Treasury Branch.
Phyllis D. Powers, from Accounting Assist-
ant, Supply Division, to Time, Leave,
and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division.
MARINE BUREAU
Walter A. Dryja, from Administrative Serv-
ices Officer (Assistant to Marine Direc-
tor) to Industrial Engineer (Assistant to
Marine Director), Office of the Director.
George Warren, from Service Station At-
tendant, Supply Division, to Helper
Rigger, Navigation Division.
Jose M. Yanguez, from Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division, to Helper Car-
penter, Industrial Division.
Locks Division
Martha J. M. McGee, Clerk-Typist, from
Employment and Utilization Division, to
Office of the Chief.
Marjorie R. Butler, from Clerk, to Statisti-
cal Clerk, Office of the Chief.
Jerald S. Burke, from Toolroom Attendant,
to Stock Control Clerk.
Eliott F. Brathwaite, from Stock Control
Clerk, to Sign Painter.
Florencio Rios, from Boatman, to Leader
Boatman.
Ricardo A. Smith, from Helper Lock Oper-
ator, to Toolroom Attendant.
Antonio Jimenez, Carlos F. Master, from
Line Handler, to Helper Lock Operator.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Arline L. Millard, Clerk-Typist, from
Gorgas Hospital, to Employment and
Utilization Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
George H. Neal, Instrument Repairman,
from Industrial Division.
Maria T. L6pez, from Utility Worker, to
Sales Clerk.
Edith Edwards, from Sales Clerk, to Clerk.
Roosevelt L. Grant, from Kitchen Attend-
ant, to Cook.
Maudline Jemmott, from Car Hop, to
Utility Worker and Car Hop.
Allan R. Ellis, from Package Boy, to
Laborer Cleaner.
Napoleon B. Ashby, from Package Boy, to
Heavy Laborer.
Monica O.Mlarecheau, from Utility Worker,


to Counter Attendant.
Alfonso Elliott, from Laborer Cleaner, to
Utility Worker.
Luis C. Quintero, Jules Vreux, Typewriter
Repairman, from Industrial Division.
Oscar Edmund, Jr., Edgar R. McCollin,
Anel E. Moreno, from Pinsetter, to
Utility Worker.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMILNALS
Norman E. J. Demers, from Administrative
Services Officer (Assistant to Transporta-
tion and Terminals Director) to Trans-
portation Operations Officer (Assistant
Transportation and Terminals Director),
Office of the Director.
George B. Erskine, from Warehouseman,
to Accounting Clerk, Motor Transporta-
tion Division.
Joseph A. Vowell, from Road and Yard
Conductor, to Road and Yard Conductor
and Train Dispatcher, Railroad Division.
Terminals Division
Frank A. Aird, Eric Malcolm, from Leader
Industrial Tractor Operator, to Leader
Stes edore.
Florentino Chero, Vincent Mullings, from
Industrial Tractor Operator, to Stevedore.
Miguel Prados, from High Lift Truck Oper-
ator, to Stevedore.
Jose P. Paruta, from Dock Worker, to High
Lift Truck Operator.
Pablo Bonilla, from Dock Worker, to
Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Juan Tud, from Railroad Trackman, to
Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Donald A. Clarke, from Clerk Checker, to
Cargo Clerk.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Marciano Batista, Nursing Assistant, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Thatcher A. Clisbee, Management Analyst
(Capital Program Coordinator), Execn-
tive Planning Staff.
Joseph M. Cooke, Supervisory General
Engineer (Designing Engineer), Engi-
neering Division.
Sigurd E. Esser, Director of Schools (Super-
intendent of Schools), Division of
Schools.
Ruth A. Fishbough, Medical Record Libra-
rian, Gorgas Hospital.
Juan Flores, Winchman, Terminals Divi-
sion.
Margaret M1. Gallardo, Medical Clerk
(Typing), Gorgas Hospital.
Eddie B. Goodrich, Electrical Engineer
(General), Engineering Division.
Reginal A. Guillette, Clerk-Typist, Com-
munity Services Division.
Charles T. Jackson, Jr., Administrative
Services Officer, Office of the Director,
Marine Bureau.
Earl C. Keeney, Teller, Treasury Branch.
Arthur J. O'Leary, Deputy Comptroller,
Office of the Comptroller.
Harold 1. Perantie, Office Services Manager
(Chief, Administratitve Branch), Admin-
istrative Branch.
Norman L. Randall, Jr., Structural Engi-
neer, Engineering Division.
Luz E. Reyes, Clerk-Stenographer, Account-
ing Division.
Roy C. Stockman, Supervisory General
Engineer (Chief, Locks Division), Office
of the Chief, Locks Division.
William C. Willoughby, Mechanical Engi-
neer (Industrial Equipment), Engineer-
ing Division.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







RETIREMENTS
EMPLOYEES who retired from service
\with the Panama Canal Company and
Canal Zone Government during January
are listed below with their position at
the time of retirement and years of
Canal service:
)Dhola S. Archibold, Shipworker, Terminals
Division, Cristobal; 27 years, 9 months,
23 days.
Benjamin A. Bilton, Shipwvorker, Terminals
Division, Cristobal; 32 years, 1 month,
6 davs.
Pedro B. Cacercs, Heavy Laborer, Ter-
minals Division; 22 years, 2 months,
14 days.
George E. Coleman, Sheet Metal Worker,
Industrial Division; 22 years, 2 months,
7 days.
Eric S. Cooper, Helper Lock Operator;
15 years, 1 month, 21 days.
Chris A. Devine, Electrician, Electrical
Division; 11 years, 2 months, 17 days.
John E. Dove, Medical Aid, Palo Seco Lep-
rosarium; 47 years, 2 months, 12 days.
Ruth Dunscombe, Position Classifier, Per-
sonnel Bureau; 19 years, 7 months,
22 days.
Wilbur Dunscombe, Supervisory Chemist,
Gorgas Hospital; 25 years, 3 months,
18 days.
Felix Ehrman, Leader Boatman, Pacific
Locks Division; 35 years, 9 months,
20 days.
Percy M. Greenidge, Nursing Assistant,
Gorgas Hospital; 42 years, 11 months,
27 days.
Enrique Crifo, Clerk, Supply Division;
36 years, 1 month, 14 (lays.
Frederick MW. Ilensler, General Foreman,
Navigation Division; 13 years, 8 months,
17 days.
Zephaniah J. Jesse, Helper Pipefitter, In-
dustrial Division; 30 years, 2 months,
6 days.
Anthony R. Lombroia, General Foreman,
Maintenance Division; 35 years, 9
months, 15 days.
William F. Long, Policeman, Atlantic Dis-
trict; 21 years, 5 months, 19 days.
William E. Lundy, Assistant Treasurer,
Treasury Branch; 32 years, 8 months,
5 days.
Jeanne C. Burgoon, Accounting Technician,
Accounting Division; 33 years, 7 months,
29 days.
William C. Merchant, Water Systems Con-
trolman, Water and Laboratories Branch,
Maintenance Division; 21 years, 6
months, 27 days.
Eusebio Monserrate, Line Handler, Atlan-
tic Locks; 42 years, 8 months, 25 days.
Albert E. Prince, Storekeeping Clerk,
Supply Division; 39 years, 11 months,
11 days.
Romualdo Ramnns, Cattle Attendant, Mindi
Dairy; 15 years, 10 months, 2 days.
Walter E. Robison, Inspector Carman, Rail-
road Division; 20 years, 5 months,
20 days.
Joslin J. Shares, Laborer Corgas Hospital,
IHealth Bureau; 24 years, 7 months,
23 days.
orge M. SIl\ ester, Senior Chief Towboat
\iv. Navigation Division; 18 years,
** '.,,26 davs.


ThcopS i
16 d(la
John J. William
Terminals I)
14 days.


ipcet, Laborer, Community
is 32 years, 7 months,
, Lift Truck Operator,
ivis -1 years, 5 months,


50 Years Ago
THE SPILLWAY at Gatun Dam was
closed 50 years ago this month, and
Gatun Lake was rising, under the pre-
vailing dry season flow, at the rate of
about an inch a day. Arrangements had
been made to keep the water from
rising above any specified level by dis-
charging any excess. Concrete work in
the spillwvay of Gatun Dam was more
than 81 percent completed.
\ork was advancing on installation
of towing locomotive tracks at both
Gatun and Pedro Miguel Locks. The
tracks to carry the electric locomotives
which control the movement of vessels
through the locks were unique in colm-
parison with ordinary first class railway
construction, with special emphasis on
durability.
President William Howard Taft ruled
that no automobile, motorcycle, or bicy-
cle should be driven or operated over
the roads or streets of the Canal Zone
at a speed exceeding 15 miles an hour.

25 Years Ago
BIG NE\\S on the Isthmus 25 years ago
this month was the announcement that
a destroyer and submarine base would
be built by the U.S. Navy on the Pacific
side and a U.S. Navy air station on the
Atlantic side. The plans were revealed
in Washington with publication of tes-
timony in the hearings on the $526 mil-
lion Navy supply bill. The bill had been
reported upon favorably by the House
Appropriations Committee and was


passed by Congress late in the month.
Gov. Clarence S. Ridley, in testimony
before the House Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee, urged that favor-
able action be taken on a bill authorizing
superannuity pay for non-U.S.-citizen
employees of the Panama Canal and the
Panama Railroad on the Isthmus.

10 Years Ago
The House Appropriations Committee
called for increased toll rates for ships
using the Panama Canal and cut the
appropriation requested for the Canal
Zone Government by $11/2 million. Canal
officials indicated that the tolls question
would be among the first business to be
considered by the Board of Directors at
a meeting in Wlashington, D.C.
Three Department of the Army rep-
resentatives met on the Isthmus with
Canal and Army officials to discuss the
proposed transfer of areas in military
reservations on the Pacific side to the
Panama Canal Company for the Canal
housing project. Representatives from
the office of the Secretary of the Army
were headed by Peter Beasley, Special
Consultant to the Secretary of the Army.
One Year Ago
APPOINTMENT of Col. W. P. Leber
to succeed Lt. Gov. John D. McElheney
was announced last March by Gov.
W. A. Carter. Colonel Leber was to
come to the Canal Zone from Washing-
ton, D.C., where he was Executive
Officer to the Chief of the Corps of
Engineers.


Be Careful Not a Statistic

-ACCIDENTS


FOR

THIS MONTH

AND

THIS YEAR


JANUARY


FIRST AID
CASES


DISABLING
INJURIES


M\IAIn 2, 1962


rCANIAL



111111 STO0 RY


'62 '61 '62 '61 '62
ALL UNITS 188 535(322) 10 16(2) 6078
YEAR TO DATE 188 535(322) 10 16(2) 6078
( Locks Overhaul injuries Included In iotal.

























Mrs. F. R. Johnson discusses Japanese block print with Lt. Gov. and Mrs. W. P. Leber.


BUDDING ARTISTS


BUDDING Isthmian artists, some of opened late in January and continue
whom had little or no art instruction through March 2. The exhibit \\
prior to last fall, had the thrill last opened formally by Roger C. Hacke
month of seeing their work exhibited Dean of the Canal Zone Junior Colle
in the Little Gallery of the Tivoli and Mrs. Philip Thornton, President
Guest House. the local chapter of the American Pe
Under the joint sponsorship of the women, assisted by Mrs. F. R. (Pet
Canal Zone unit of the National League Johnson, instructor of the experimcn
of American Pcnwomen and the Canal art classes of the Canal Zone Jun:
Zone Division of Schools, the show College and other school officials.


I 11 n


TIn it. I 1IR WB'
Dean Roger C. Hackett of Junior College opens Little Gallery show. Left to right are M
Johnson, Mrs. Philip Thornton,Dean Ilackett,Sigurd E. Esser, Mrs. Esser,and Mrs. Hacke


Show at Tivoli features work
of art students in Canal Zone
Junior College classes.


ed The exhibit included the best work
"as produced during the first semester
ett, classes by students in the studio paint-
ge, ing classes which meet on Saturdays
of and the design classes which meet each
en- Thursday afternoon.
e) The design class exhibits included
tal woodblock prints in oil and watercolors
ior produced by students using the Japa-
nese method of woodblock printing.
The studio paintings included repro-
ductions of contemporary art and oil
paintings of various subjects.
Mrs. Johnson completed her studies
in fine arts last year at Columbia
University and during recent years in-
structed the Palette Group of Morgan's
Hill. In addition to the Junior College
art classes, she teaches art in Diablo
Heights Junior High School.
Her students this year included a
number who had studied with the
Palette Group, as well as several adults
who never before had tried their hand
in the field of art. The results, Mrs.
Johnson says, were highly satisfactory,
especially in the work with Japanese
wood prints.
The exhibit was the first of its kind
ever held in the Little Gallery, which
normally is used to display the paintings
of professionals or advanced students.
The Junior College art classes, now\
several years old have grown from an
original enrollment of about a dozen
rs. to the present enrollment of 55 in the
*tt. two classes.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Capt. Richard G. Jack signs guest book.









PPI


New Grace Liners
THE DIVERSITY of cargoes being
carried through the Panama Canal by
Grace Line ships in the west coast of
South America trade has had a great
influence on the flexibility of arrange-
ments for stowing and handling cargo
in the -new vessels now\ being built
for the line by the Bethlehem Steel
Co. yard- at Sparrows,, Point, near
Baltimore, IMd. '
Southbound, the Grace ships carry
-automobiles arid other vehicles; lubri-
cating oils, detergents, and general
cargo that can be.packaged in con-
tainers. NorthllB'oufd f' h fransport
fruits from Chile, cocoa beans, balsa,
and baanaas from Ecuador, coffee from
Colombia, frozen shrimp from Panama,
and liquid cargoes such as molasses and
sperm oil from Peru':
The new $17 million passenger-cargo
ship Santa Magdalena, which was
launched in February, will be able to
carry 175 standard 20-foot containers
or truck trailer vans with a total capac-
ity of 188,600 cubic feet. She also will
have 390,000 cubic feet of temperature-
controlled space, and 24,000 cubic feet
of deepfreeze space. In addition, there
will be tanks for oils, detergents, and
petroleum items.
The new ships are expected to have
space for bananas loaded at Canal ports.
Banana conveyors, being installed as
part of the ship's standard equipment,
will load the fruit at the rate of 2,40.)
stems an hour.

Ancon Up For Sale
TIE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY'S
Ancon, taken out of service in June 1961
after 22 years, w ill be sold to the
highest bidder above $550,000 on
March 9. The bids will be opened in
the General Accounting Office in Wash-
ington by representatives of the U.S.
Maritime Administration, which is
handling the disposal of the ship.
Since the Ancon was removed from
service with the Panama Canal Comn-
pan.y, she has been docked in New
Orleans, where she was used for training
Army reservists. The purchaser of tlie
vessel will ,e required to operate it for
at least 5 years under the U.S. flag.

Coal for Japan
A NEW 1' K CARRIER \which in
December transited the Canal "w ith one
of tle b)itggest cargoes of coal ever


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JANUARY


Commercial ................
U.S. Government ...........
Free transits. ..............
Total ...............
TOLLS *
Commercial..... $4,451,077
U.S. Government. 71,818
Total ... $4,522,895
CARGO*
Commercial..... 5,072,598
U.S. Government. 73,447
Total. 5,146,045


1961 1962
893 918
15 25
12 7
920 950

$4,736,955
156,897
S4,893,852

5,465,458
139,347
5,604,805


SIncludes tolls on all vessels. ocean-going and small.
* Cargo figures are in long tons.

loaded into an ocean-going ship, is
scheduled to transit southbound again
in March with similar cargo. She is the
669-foot Naess Clipper, a brand new
supership built by the Mitsubishi Ship-
building & Engineering Co. in Japan for
the Anglo-Pacific Shipping Co., Ltd., of
Bermuda, a subsidiary of the Naess
Shipping Co.
In December, the vessel arrived here
from Hampton Roads with 37,800 tons
of high grade metallurgical coal from
the New River region of the Chesapeake


& Ohio Railroad. The coal was for the
Yawata Iron & Steel Co. of Japan.
United States shipping experts said it
was the beginning of a long-term con-
tract with Japanese steel firms which
was negotiated by C. H. Sprague & Son,
largest exporter of U.S. coal. Eventually,
S1 million tons will be shipped annually
under the contract.
The Naess Clipper is one of two ships
now engaged in the operation. The
second, the Naess Cavalier, completed
bI Mitsubishi in December, went north
through the Canal at the end of
February. Both ships load iron ore in
Peru on their return trip from Japan to
the cast coast of the United States. The
Nacss Shipping Co. vessels are repre-
sented at the Canal by Wilford & McKay.
New Canal Customers
THE PANAMA CANAL was used for
the first time by 418 ocean-going ships
of all sizes and types during the first
7 months of fiscal year 1962. With most
of the first transits arriving at Cristobal,
the Atlantic side admeasurement office
handled 305 of the vessels and 113 were
handled by the Balboa office.
If the number of first transits continue
at the same volume during the remain-
ing 5 months of the fiscal year, the total
may exceed the 653 first transits
recorded during the previous fiscal year.


* ~~


.7

S-C .-.- _
-4'-
-- --. .--

-JNDER THE ABLE HAND of Panama Canal pilot Capt. 11. W. Rubelli, the giant trans-
'Atlanlid liner United States is cased into her berth at pier 9 in Cristobal as she arrived
there February 9 for the first of two visits during the month. The big ship, making her first
"visit to a Canal port, is one of the largest commercial vessels ever to dock here. Stretching
990 feet from bow to stern, the United States took all but a comparative whisker of the
1,000-foot long Cristobal pier. The ship made its second visit on February 26. Approximately
850 passengers were aboard on each visit.
2.1 MAncit 2, 1962


SH 1


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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES

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His First 30 Days 4 Gray Ladies Go International 8 New Cristobal Schedules 15 WX hat CARN4VAL Is 1l About10 r4 IleI

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.L \(JR, Goverr-Pre!et 4;;ia N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer L. R, Lieutenant Governor ff K 'ULYY JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor \ILL AREY Official Panama Canal C.mpany Pubiation Editorial Assistants: Panana Canal Information Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Ieigbrs, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD and TOB BITTEL Printedalth. Prinjing a n H Ca WILLIAM BURNS, Official Photographer On sale a all nama Canal S rce Centers, Retail Storeu and hT G 10 dayC after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $s a year; rnal d back cop 00, 0 cents eacb. Posal money order made payable to the Panama Canal Corny should be ied to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Ednorial Offices are located in the Ad.,inistr a ild nt balboa Heightq, C. Z. $60,000,000 In This Issue Statu. of Jiajor Canal Jmprovem ent. TilS MONTH is Carnival time in Panama and the first few days of March will be devoted to the gay, pre-Lenten festival. The origins of the holiday, its WIDENING OF GAILLARD CUT: All widening work oi the legends, and the manner in which it is observed all Empire Reach section of Gaillard Cut will be completed by are described in the article which starts on page 10 December 1962. The contract for widening of Las Cascadas and of this issue. Bas Obispo Reaches is scheduled for award in June of this year The cover picture on this month's issue is a clever and for completion early in fiscal year 1966. At that time the bit of photography by Jerry Stec, owner and operentire 8-mile Gaillard Cut will have been widened from the ator of the El Halcon photographic shop in Panama. original 300 feet to at least 500 feet. Jerry admits that there is a bit of fakery involved in the picture, which was taken, intentionally, as a double exposure. He first took a time exposure of LIGHTING BANKS OF GAILLARD CUT AND CANAL Carnival fireworks, then saved the film to shoot the APPRO)ACHIES: All lights have been installed along the baink~ scene of Miss Nlarcela de Janon, now Mrs. James A. APPRACHS: ll lght hae ben mtaled longthebans cid, elimibing fromt the treasure chest. of the Cut except for certain sections on the vest bank where widening work is in progress. Lights in the Locks are complete and operating. Lighting of the approaches from Balboa to Miraflores and froms Cristobal to Gatun is schecdLlecd for coinpletion next month. NEW LOCOMOTIVES FOR LOCKS: The first six of the new Canal Zone Wage Rates 3 towingr locomotives being built I\ MIitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., in Japan arrived early in J anutary and are undergoing tests on the Brsy, lrsy Month 4 East lane of Gatun Locks. (See article on page 6 of this issue.) New Machines for Old Job 6 Ladies in Gray 8 lA \RINE TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM: Specifications for the This Is Carnacal 10 new electronic s stem designed by Gibhs & Hill, Inc., of New Sil of Cristobal lev sed 15 York now\, are being prepared and will be advertised for bids in June of this year. The contract for the project is to be awarded Worth Knowingr 16 in October 1962 and installation is scheduled for completion in People 18 january MI64. Anniversaries 20 \\W I OCKS MIAINTENANCE METHOD: Plans are in the Promotions and Transfers 21 I ta for procurenent of material to he trsed in Lock retirements 22 ilidned for 1963 and 1964. The material will be used Canmal H istorl 22 Sk gates and other apprrrtenances so that in future Safety 22 Lotk lane will be out of service for more than L on time. The mnethod to be used is being planned Budding Artists 23 th tI Corps of Engineers. Shipping 24 2M.NAW 11 2, 1962

PAGE 9

CANAL ZONE WAGE RATES A Significant New Policy A SIGNIFICANT CHANGE in the 1. Adjustment of Canal Zone by the Canal Zone Civilian Personnel policy governing pay increases for wage base pay schedules, beginPolicy Coordinating Board last year and Canal Zone wage base employees was ning on July 1, 1963, whenever a full review of rate-setting policies and made last month with announcement of U.S. wage base schedules are pr-actices started in September by a two-fold plan to give greater recogniadjusted on or after that date. Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the tion for skills, provide more incentive 2. A series of administrative Army and Chairman of the Board for employees, an( to narrow the gap wage increases for the upper grade of Directors of the Panama Canal between area-based wage rates and levels of Canal Zone wage base Company. U.S.-based rates. positions as funds become availA major objective of the new policy The new policy, for the first time in able over the next 3 years. is to develop, over a period of time, the history of U.S. Government agencies The first increases under the new what Personnel Bureau officials refer on the Zone, provides a direct tic policy will become effective April 1. to as "a more satisfactory wage curve." between the rates paid to workers in when approximately 10,000 employees The desired wage curve would move U.S. wage base positions and those in of the Panama Canal Company /Canal from the lowest to the highest salary in Canal Zone wage base positions. Zone Government will receive increases a gentle upward sweep, with no mureaTo be fully implemented on July 1, ranging from 3 to 29 percent as a result sonable plateaus or sharp divergences 1964, the new wage policy provides for of the new policy. upward. two major benefits: The new policy resulted from a study It will take time to achieve the objective, officials says, but voice the opinion that the nev policy will provide a solid Changes in Pay Rates To Be Made April 1, 1%2 basis for long and continuous improveMANUAL SCIIEDULE nent of working conditions for workers i the Canal Zone. Current Neme Noting that endorsement of the twoLeel Fro To Leel Fr fold pay improvement program "is quite 1 ----------$0.60 $0.60 1 $0.60 $0.63 al undertaking costwise," Governor 2 --0.60 0.64 2 0.62 0.67 Fleming said, I consider it to be a real 3 0.63 0.69 3 0.65 0.71 incentive program which can reap benie4 -0.67 0.73 4 0.70 0.76 fits for the Canal Zone employee in job 5 0.72 0.78 50.75 0.81 satisfaction and for the employing 6-0.76 0.82 60.84 0.90 7 0.85 0.93 7 0.97 1.05 agencies i worker productivity." The 8 0.94 1.02 8 1.09 1.21 Governor also expressed pleasure that 9 1.02 1.10 9. 1.26 1.36 the plan provides recognition for the 10-.-1.13 1.23 10.2 l I 1.47 1.59 higher levels of skill and for coordinated Rtate range includes three step intervals totaling 2 onths ith increase to 2d step after 6 months and to 3d step after an 18-month interval. wage increases. The plan is more than a wage increase," he said, "it is a further SERVICE SCHEDULE opportunity for people to work up to Current N'cew substantial rates of pay throughout the Range Range organization." Level From To Level From To While the new wage policy was 1 ------$0.60 $0.69 1.-$0.60 $0.71 stirring fresh discussion of wages among 0 0.62 0.75 2 -----.0.67 0.80 those most affected by it, similar 3 -.-.-.-.-..0.69 0.82 3-0.76 0.89 4_ 0.76 0.96 4_ 0.86 1.06 impetus was given to the subject of 5_ 0.86 1.06 5_ 1.00 1.20 wages paid in many U.S. wage base 6s 0.97 1.21 6 1.15 1.39 positions by President Kennedy's proRate range includes six steps (a through g) with one step increase every 12 months. posal that 'Congress establish a 3-year NON-IANUAL SCHEDULE plan of pay increases for 1.6 million white-collar employees of the Federal Current Newr Government. Like the new Canal Zone Range Range wage policy, the plan proposed by PresLeel From To Level From To ident Kennedy would provide greater 1 -------------$0.62 $0.86 1._.-.___ $0.65 $0.89 recognition of skills and additional 2_ -._ --.-_ -0.73 0.99 2 _ --.-0.81 1.07 3 -----------_ --0.91 1.17 3. -1.07 1.33 incentive for employees to improve their Rate range includes six steps (a through g) with one step increase every 12 months. abilities. TuE PANAMA CANAL REVIEw 3

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Busy, Busy Month Many duties and obligations face Canal Zone Chief Executive during first month in office Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr. THE DUTIES of a Governor of the Canal Zone are many and diverse at all tinms, and for a new Governor there are mail\ obligations which must be mit in a very short time, as Gov, Robert J. Fleming, Jr., found during his first busv, husx month as Governor of the Canal Zonc and President of the Panama Canal Company. Arriving in the Canal Zone on the cveningr of Fchruiary 2 aboard the same plane which brought U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert j. \IcNamara to the Isthmnus for one in a series of overseas confer nues with local nilitarv coinis greeted by manders, Governor Fleming found himLieutenant self launeed on a fast-paced schedule of conferences, official calls, receptions, Governor leber amid work-a-da decisions. upon arrival at Having been sworn into office by ocumenSecrta of the Arimv Elvis J. Stahr, jr., in \ashiington the' day before his Looking oil is arrival oil the Isthmus, Governor llavden Williams, Flemimg said upon his arrival that he wsas"delighted"withhisnewassignment. .t.As.san "During mny service," the new GovSecretary of Defense, ernor said, "I have had. from time to ntime, assignments which were somewhat different from those normally considercd usual. In retrospect, it now seems thcre must have beTen a design in these unusual assignments, for they hav crtainly been excellent training for this iwv challenge. I believe that because of thcse past experiences, I am more concern d vith social and human I MaRcH 2, 1962

PAGE 11

Panama President Roberto F. Chiari welcomes Governor to Presidencia. Antonio Caballero, one of two / honorary aides assigned to Governor during visit to Colegio Javier Fair, stands at attention as Governor greets him. factors than with the material and the the visiting Burgointister of Oslo, xx which he agnin N oi 1i" Olcrin \A ith finite. And I hope that I cal bring to Norway, called oi President Roberto problt es il olviil pil whiih pointthis new assignmnlit a sincere appreiaF. Chiari at the Presidencia, attended a in(g out that iiiw -hips front one tion of tie problems involved in) human press reception at the home of Informao< an to th< otvi r it Iim to 1e tlh relationships." tion Officer Will Arey, rec(ivcd a nuliprindrv mission li L .\s tie solad His first wekend was largely devoted ber of cou 1 rtesv calls, "\as host to retired week (*lnded. iI visit, d the Industijal to the conference held bY tlih Defense Gen. Alfred \I. (ruenther oni a partial Diision at Mount 11ope and, \\,hil Secretary, but (arly Monday morning transit of Gaillard Cut, and attended therc present ted a gI old watch to PortI the new Governor 1ield his first weeklh the (Colegio Javier Fair. \iILO1, a fIon inli Ill th division, for staff meeting, at which lie outlined some The start of the second xcek found making the most valuable implo ce of his basic viewpoints and working him beginning a scrics of calls on diplosuggestion subitted d cring 1961. methods. During his first "work day," iatic represe( itatives of other countris On Satturdav, February 17, with hi, he also visited the Latin American in Panama ind( attending the m101t h tirc wek as (G ori gettlg uiditI schools in Paraiso and called on U.S. meeting of th Ist hliall Historical wav, hc visit d sorn1 of the h,(1si1 Ambassador Joseph S. Farland. Society Diring the week, li also he1d prc9ec ts bi(llg c nrid oil in Pai11 During that first week, he also parhis first meeting with the Zone's Latin through Developmnt I oan u 1nd ticipated in the Panarna Open, gre eted American Civic Council officers, during nanc ing and the following dax was a guest at the World I1i uidship fT a of o ernor Fleming and Lieutenant Governor Leber talk with delegation from Rainbow the ('anal o ( 1ouni l, Girl S. outs City Civic Council during meeting of Latin American Civie Councils at Santa Cruz in of thi U.S. \., at Q Iarrv i it iIts. nid-February. Left to right are Wilfred E. Barrow, Scabert Haynes, antd Astor N. Lewis. Oil Monda, F-e bruar 19 G R(ovrnor Fleming retini cd to thi \tlantic side to green t his wif W ho anixed aboard the Crl.tobhal, haxilg staved ill the United States to close o t their affairs there. Go crnor Fe ming's third vek also included cotrtesy calls h repn rsenta tives of solmle of till unions which represent Canal Zone emplovc s, the official reception in hlonor of Gm irnor nd Mrs. Fleming b. Lt. Gm. and -Mrs. W. P. Lthcr at the fiv oli Guest Hous speaking at the annal nIgit rs Bai uet, and meeting with the S. ( ivit Council officers of ti ( anal ZIlc, Mi concluded th, month's ac tiv ities bI officiatiny at a cer IoiNx h1 ni11)ng retirees from Comlnpan v(, o11n111I]1wlit service. Thus the first month was one of work, xxwork, work, dutv, dtit, dut a few hours for playing golf, aldli on-thi spot introduition to the op fratios cf the Isthmnian waterway. TIIF PANAMA CANAL REVIFw 5

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-Japanese-built locomotive, with single cab, and an old-style locomotive with cab on each end pass each other on Gatun Locks center wall incline. New Machines for Old Job elic new locomotives, in one of their early assigiuncuts, help Telde through Gatun Locks. Japanese-built locomotives assigned to duty at Gatun .and doing fine. THE FIRST SIX of the Canal's new towing locomotives are at work these days putting ships through Gatun Locks. And they are doing just fine. Testing of the new mules started in January shortly after they arrived from Japan and were set up on the Gatun Sast lane tracks. As of mid-February, this had handled everything sent through that lane, from slips measuring 338 feet in length to the mediumsized supercarriers of 642 feet. Since the new locomotives are capablc of using two cables as well as one, many of the larger vessels have been towed through the locks by only four machines using two cables each. This size ship required eight of the old-style, 6 M.AncH 2, 1962

PAGE 13

onc-line locomotives. As a safety neasOre, however, the two remaining test inachines have stood bv with slack lines. By the time the tests are completed, it is expected that the six powerful, ne\, two-cable mules will be able to take ships through the locks which must he assisted by 12 old-style locomotives. So far, the visiting Japanese engineers and the Canal officials who are keeping close check on the tests, have found few "bugs" in the new towing locomotives. Yasushigo Kisamori There are a fews minor alterations which beside one of will be added to the specifications of new locomotives the additional mules, but tip to now, at Gatun. both the engineers and the men who m operate the machines are happy with their speed, strength, and handling ease. Juichi Kaku, Chief Engineer of the Panama Canal Company Locomotive Engineering Center for Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., and Hatsuo Sasano, Chief of Rolling Stock Export Division, Machinery Export Department of Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., recently arrived on the Isthmus in connection with the locomotive contract. They joined Keisako Sugi, Hiroshi Higara, and Mitsuo Kubota, three representatives of M itsubishi Shoji Kaisha, who have been here since the beginning of the tests. Also in the Canal Zone for the testing period is Robert Donaldson, the Panama Canal's resident engineer THE AB1LTY to speak fluent English, from that of his homeland. So far, in Tokyo and Yasushigo Kisainori, his car-driving skill, and a deft hand with however, he has managed to produce administrative aid and interpreter. the cooking pot combined to provide a reasonable facsimiles of Japanese and magic carpet oii which 30-year-old Chinese dishes. Native cookma is much While the Canalfs six new towiiig nauhg locoies the Cngs ivene tei g Yasushigo Kisamori was able to leave too spiey for the Japanese palate, he says. locomotives are being given their final is native Japan for the first timd and Training for his vide variety of presvisit the Isthmus. ent skills and dutis was received during tested to facilitate lommouiivectol Hired in Tokyo by Robert Donaldson, his youth, when he worked at a number betveene t engineer during of ;dd jobs in Tokyo. His uncle was a ators and pilots aboard transiting ships. the Canal's i i sl The system is a type of "walkie-talkic" construction of the new locomotives, accomplish d Japanese-sts e cook and --l e t or. Kisamori proved to be such ain able his grandfather was an expert in whtehimmediately aiid simultaneously employee that he has been made adinimChinese-style cooking. lie helped them sitli the operator of semultaed istrative aid to Mr. Donaldson in addicook after school adi during sunmner wt ether spidc'r (f the transing a hel tion to his original duties as chauffeur vacations, acquiring the knowledge of to either side of the transiting vessel .-t.the cooking art which no\w, is serving and thus eliminate the historic bell an terpree, both hi n the two Japanese hand signal system. While in the Canal Zone, he continues When tests on the first six new locoto serve as an interpreter between Canal gi ti w r. Kisaori acquired motives are successfully completed, officials aiid Japanese-speaking engineers acma orders will be issued for work to start Keisako Sugi and Nlitsuo Kubota. twaommand U.S. Ed FsriessIng ordes tostar K ts 0 for the U.S. Earned Forces. It wsas on the construction of at least 33 more representatives of sfitsubishi Shoji through his employment with the Armed I' Kaisha, Ltd., swho are here to assist tuoil i mpommtx t h re machines which will eventually replace s Fcrees that he also learned tn dlrie ai all existing Canal mhles. These will during testing of the locomotives. Foitoanobile al e ist Cana mues Thc'se s'ill begin arriving in the Canal Zone about A second joli. however, is aimed at Despite the number of skills he has December 1962 and all Canal towing keeping the visiting Japanese engineers acquired during his 30 years of life equipment is scheduled to be comadequatelyand happilynourished during Mr. Kisamori has deficit plais fo pletely replaced by the summer of 1963. their stay on the isthmus. To accomlearning moie. He hops upon his return Also to conic are three electric cranes plish this, Mr. Kisamnori supervises preto Japan to wangle a bid to a helicopter which are included in the towing locoparatmon of the Japanese-stylh food pilot school in the United States. If he motive contract. They are to be built which they prefer. can learn to operate a whIrlybird, on frames identical with those of the As vice president in charge of the Mr. Kisamori believes he will have a towing locomotives and will have lifting Japanese kitchen lie has established in bright future in the new Japanese air capacity of 14 tons at a radius of Gatun for himself and his two visiting transportation systein, which is using 13 feet. The cranes are to be built bhs compatriots, Mr. Kisamori has had some helicopters for passeng er and freight Tovo Denki Seizo, subcontractors f0'r difficulty with the local food supply, service betWeenl the main Japanese Mitsubishi. which hie finds is considerably different islands. TuE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 7

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7-V Several members of training class for Spanish-speaking Gray Ladies from Central America and Panama help inl children's playroom. First course in Spanish L A D I EP I UKAfr Red Cros Gr Ladies LADIES IN GRAY i t ( ( )\l() \II\I1RR() del Servicio de F. Chiari, Aibassadors, diplomatic repCanal Zone for the course of instruction, I)ama Gris de la Cruz Roja Ameriresentatives, U.S. Ariy officials, Amerwhich started on February 5. On arrival ala, .o proimto conciente v leal serican Red Cross officials, and representahere, they were joined by four Spanish\icio al hospital donde sirva," (As a tives of the Canal Zone Health Bureau speaking Canal Zone women, also memM mhin r of the Gray Lady Service of and Gorgas Hospital. bers of the class. Upon return to their Ill \nim eri an l tCi 'Coss,' I pledge a The capping (eremo cOicluded the respective countries, the newly-capped -on ii uitions and loval service to the program of the first Gray LAd training Grav Ladies will act as instructors for hospit d in h which I surve). course in Spanish evcr givcn under th other groups in their own Red Cross in sol mn voices, in unison, 22 repauspices of the American Red Cross for societies. The Canal Zone women will re itatives of thl led Cross from women of Central America and Panama. work with the Gorgas Hospital Gray ntral inc rica, Panama, and the The course was given at Gorgas losd Ziial lone repeated this pledge after pital, with local Gray Ladies Iand hosThe cappinw E. I)enin (a iina of asins ri tos ~The capping ceremony was opened I jolm E Deming chairman of pital personnel as Istrutors. Col. Jack k d Zlum ( hapter of the Ameralso was visited by retired Gen. Alfred with a in at 1r Lt. 1 ross immediately after M. Gruenther, president of the Am rr ir (' N ads caps certifiican Red Cross, who spoke to the Bas .As welcome totheguests wasgiven I I biars 14 im the Base trainees about the importance of the In Mrs. Daiel J. Paolncci, chairman dliwk \ir I Force Baso. training they were receiving. of Volunteer Services, Canal Zone r po at d the pledge, the Three representatives of the Women's Chapter, American Red Cross, and a I, o llags of tl ir respective Committee of the National Red Cross brief talk was given by Miss Hester E. ott >f which stood the Society in each of the six countries repGarrett, American National Red Cross nloa, \Irs. loberto resented 1y the trainees came to the Field Director at Gorgas I hospital. 8 MARCH 2, 1962

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The (rav Ladies were introduced by Mrs. J. Carl Baquie, chairman of the Gray Lady Volunteers at Gorgas Hospital. The certificates were presented by Col. Edward Sigerfoos, Director of Gorgas Hospital, and Mrs. Paolucci presented the women with their pins. Durin the training course at Gorgas, each of the representatives w ore il uniform and cap pertinent to the Women's Committe of the National Red Cross Soci-ty in hiir country. The day of the capping ceremony, the ladies came to the Albrook Theater in uniform, but without caps. Then came the moment wh(n they received the caps symbolic of their new role as Gray f adi-s from Miss B atrice Simonis, Director of Nurses at Gorgas Hospital. thb Gray Lady Pledge, administered by Judge Deming, concluded the ceRm 11o,. Tihe Albrook Air Force Base Band providd music for the program. After th. cmremony, a reception for the newlycappd Gray Ladi s was held at the Alriook Officers Club. The training coursee at Gorgas included a riefin omi a olunter's duties Lady trainees listen attentively to retired Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, tresident of Sa othe American Red Cross, who visited the Isthmus in connection with the Mnstrution program. an responsibilities, as well as on-thejob training in the many ways a Gra,. Lads mnay help in a hospital. ice, and to assist in the children s wards. instration of the Grav Lady program, Thes w re given a re iew of how the One afternoon during the course, the the supervision of the program, and its Gray Lady can help in the food service; volunteers wcere addressed by Miss policies and proc durn s. how the v olunteer call best serve the Hester E. Garrett, who outlined the Red \iss, Garrc tt also spoke on thb pur patients of the surgical and orthopedic Cross program in a hospital and the role PosC of SOCial sr r .tlpurpO of services; how to best serve the patient of the volunteer in the Red Cross losthe r creation su rv i e in relation to of the medical service, the nursing servpital program. She described the adminpatient m eds and int< re sts. with first Spanish-laiguagi training course at Gorgas Hospital Nvcrc: Mrs. Lidia ( astillo de Bequillard, Mcaragua; Mrs. marina de Charlaix El Salvado \rs. \largaiita dc Dubois, Panama; NMIrs. Magdalena (ionte dc Duque, Panama; Miss \l reed s Gordillo, Nicaragua: Mrs. Gla s de Capril s de Maduro, Costa Rica; Mrs. M irta Mc rav, Panama; Mrs. Laura de McEntee, El Salvador; Mrs. Maria Asuncion de Mejia, Honduras; \Miss Esther Mezrville Ossave, Costa Ric a Mrs. Alicia Mavoiga de P lai ( Gmtemala; Mrs. Amroa P ist ( mund Canal Zone; Mrs. ThhIn (t d Qijano, Panama; Mrs. I tel Pottillo de Ramirez, Guatemalh \l, I ira Jam s de Ross, Guati mala; Mrs. Sim lia Sasso de Sasso, Costa Ric rhs Jose tte Stratmann, Ctrundu, ('am mZ one Mrs. ( armen dc \'ald, El Salvador, Mrs. (ora Ann Yore, Panama Miss Es a Dolm Zapata, Honduras: Mrs. Francisn I mm, de Ordoficz, londuras: and mlf. Ii a Somarriba d( Morales Nic smsu s. TIME PANAMA CANAL REVEW 9

PAGE 16

Former Panama CarniN al Queens Miss Catita Lewis; Mrs. Sarita Chiari Selee; liss But Ebrmian; Mrs. Elena Alemnn Tapia, Queen of the Pollera; Mrs. Manuelita Vallarino Morrice, Queen of the 1910 Panama Carni val; Miss Vivian Nabmad, 1902 Balboa High School Carnival Queen; Miss Elida Arias; and Mrs. Maria Esther Arango Arosemena at Isthmian Historical Society meeting. Mrs. Amy McCormick, moderator, and Mrs. Marie Arias Smith, a member of the 1910 Carnival Court, are seated behind table. Its history, traditions, color, spirit, This Is Larnavat legend, whys, and wherefores. IN SPANISH it's Carnaval, in English, Carnival, in French it's Mardi Gras. But 4 in any lagnage it is a term applied to a time of festivity, gaiety, and general mi rriniciit. 'The festival, no matter what it is called or where it is celebrated, has its (oigin I in religion and a ient traditions dating to the pr-Christian era, but in t ( Christian garb it has emerged as a p11c-Lentenl holiday. In Panania, thle 4-day festival begins on the Saturday before the arrival of Llit on Ash Wednesday. Each of the 4 days has be(n, Iy tradition, given oi r to a distinct set of events and traditions, bu t each and all of them have a single motif; Celebrate now in preparation for the aiustere season of Lenit. Th opening day of the 1962 Cariiival of the An ricas, in Panama, will bi Saturday, March 3, and the observance xill come to an end at daxn on Ash Wednesday, March 7. The first day of the Panama Carnival i,, traditionally, Coronation Day. The n I I Irt J Fleming, Jr., greets 1961 Panama Carnival Qteen Ana Raq uel Carnival Qu1cii atndl her entonrage enter hat i ng in Balboa. At left is I lertntn Arias and, in the center, Enrique Rogers. the city during the morning and greet 10 MAncii 2, 1962

PAGE 17

MoiNo, M1oiarch of Merriment, wh-lio will reign for 3 days. At the end of the 3 days, Momo, in the role of Pescado, Prince of the Fishes, must return for another year to the kingdom of his fathers. As a mark of the times, Mlomo iow arrives at Tocumnen Airport. Ini days of yore, he would comin a boat from Taboga-w av. Saturday evening, the coronation of the Carnival Qyu ie takes place. With the seating of Niloo and the crowning of the Qun, ti fiesta is considered officially open. Queen Sunday, the second day, is Pollira of the Pollera Day and x ervone who has one of th colorful dresses participates in a semMrs. Elena ingly never-ending parade adng (CnAleman Tapia tral Ave. SundacV vnin" is one of tI displays gayest of the Carnival, with pollera alnd pollera de lujo. montuna-clad participants atteidiing dances throughout the city. Monday, which has no official tit usually is the quiiietest of the Carnival. The Queen and hte court appear in comparsa, or group costumes, and Carnival revelers follow suit, unigaging iin their own brand of festive hi-jinks. The fourth and last fil day of Carnival, Tuesday, is higilighcited by th Carnival parade of floats iin thi afternoon, while the frenzied beat of Carnival music throbs faster and faster for the dances that start early and conclude only with the dan .The Carnival C aZoe. This vear, tI flag w's porting sponsorship of tilt ( i orient Queen, her court, and all hir siljc ts raised on thi Pacifi' side of the Zone, of the Rtpublic of Panama in 1910. appear inl their most elaborate and colorwith members of the Board of Directors Carnival Queens from 1910, 1915, 1918. fiil costumes. On this final day of Carof the Panama Canal Company and the 1924, 1925, and 1929 were present. nival, all serious business is put aside 1961 Carnival Queen, An a Raquel Mrs. Elena AlemAi de Tapia, Queii of until Lent begins. Chanis, participating, on janiar 19. the Pollera, and Miss Vivian Nahmad, The beginning of the Crt season Th istobal flag-aising -erem'onies, 1962 Carnival Queen of Balboa High aiid the c-oilisionl of (t'e rui ui, Carnival Qe iiocallea ig comes with thce burial of the rfisha." hlis held in conjunction with thi ( Colou School, also participated in the procerony wtthe "a dawn ii \sh. Tis flag-raising, was held on Februuary 1. gram. To complete the Carnival-oriented atsmax, ishsmld i' d n t i h Wgend' The following day, the Carnival flag meeting, a number of native dances transformation of &oith gidi arf tiii went up in Santa Cruz, halfway were performed by Queen Nxian aic funsmifroaic if Crx, ioa fihe between tiic two oceans, and oin FelProfessor Donin'go Dominguez, in beause hfe ofxCrat',flit t'artfis ruarv 25 the flag was raised ii Rainbow whose dancing class she is a pupil. b h CitK to bring ti' entire Zoninto the Professor Dominguuez also danced with sojourn permitted himn by his masters lii-lai si rn e poceanmittepsd ith th s re t r sligin of pre-Carnival preparations. Mrs. Tapia, herself a skilled performer the fish to the si a, the airt subsides These pre-Carnival activities include of the tamborito, the pinto, and the taniis oers, anthe srty fbss, ti'h readying of the costumes to le worn, intricate cumbia. Canvbgins. floats to be used in the parade, and, irs. Frank Morrice was the first Lent begis, .most important of all, selection of official Carnival Queen of Panama. Tit All residents aldi tourists in Panama queens by the various communities and 1910 festival over which she reigned at Carnival time are welcome to parparticipating orTanizations planning was the first Carnival endorsed and supticipate ii the 4-day eleiratiin. Doing their owii localized observances iil conported by the Republic of Panama. so is simply a matter of being in thc section with the festiviti's. kltllouigh Until that vear, Carnival had been right place at the right tim'-and undermost of the public attention is, by tile almost solel\ a haphazard obs''rvaici standing at least the basie ingreiients nature of such things, focused otil th celebrated xvitlu much rowdiness. of the spice anti gimigr -ak xwhi' Queens of Panana City and Colon, each The 1910 Carnival, spurred oil by a is Carnix-al. if tilt iitie'i1 is sov erin go iiii ill ti it Throughout the fhsstixsitisrs, there are tx 'contest iil the leading daily newspaper manyhouot teus tivi community which she represcntsto select a Queen, launched the official tae sciled'adic uiiciii-ciuil'c actix'iLast month, as the pre-Caruuival prefestival. The contestants for Queeln ties of a publ or seii to-p aihe nature .operations ioxed into igh gr On tie dwindled to five finalists and was woi hich O' ant all arc fret to parti-ipate. Isthiils, the monthly iMitinlg of the bx Manuelita Vallarino, now Mrs. MbrThe start of pre-Carnival planning Isthmian Historical Socicty featured a rice. She was crowned iil the National and preparation always is signaled by discussion of Carnival vents over the Theater on the last day of the festivities, the raising of the Carnival flag ill the vears since the first official Carnival various communities of Panama and the was ield under the sanction and stip(See P. 1 1 TilE PANAMA CANAL REvIEW II

PAGE 19

Carnival Vimel J J71n (or 44ii Photos b~Halcon ILI X-" -77 A group of young mefor sdistinctive parade unit. These and the life it otain are a etral theme at Carnival Parade flotdeptin egendar Chies dagon ale o fetrsbautful gils a ths t11 parade floats indite. 0 J The parade, highlight and oear-cooochionof h -a anvl prodce,crowdcowdadoreo ws ITI IIf. ~Z W i

PAGE 20

oiily jewels allowed. Mrs. Tapia wore heirloom jewelry, with the traditional cadui a chata, a flat gold chain which usually ends ini an ornamental religious piece or a flexible fish, the latter forming i link with the legend of Pescado. Pearls ar used in the imosqueta, a rounded Balboa high Queen gold disk with graduated terraces set Julian Naa fo tf thgat d trrated se i ith pearls, with a large pearl i Professor Domingo ,h etr cloThhe montuno still is the customar Anthnguezttxo, attire if men arm the remote interior proAndho Scttio mncs of Panama and derives its name lidB .from the fact that it was originated ba Julio arba.mountaineers.n Fashioned of heavy, coarse, white cloth, the miontuno has short, below.the-knee trousers, which frequently are ravelled into a fringe thickly interspersed with colored threads, and( a loose tinic, or overshirt, similarly ravelled and decorated. Leather sandals are worn on bare feet and, since the trousers have no pockets, a handwoven moehila is slmng from one shoulder to Cal-\ an~hm ordinarily are in tradition governs the fashioning of cry tsythe otumeris topped 1w IThis Is Crnmaval POcts. tile costumile is topped by a heshandwoven hat, the sombrero de ('onthnud from I 11) 'hei pollera de lujo worn by MIrs. Pi o n ah mr.r it hr tian in t hi~ first dax x pt ltTapia was embroidered exquisitely in raterthn t irst d v as blh le ai(1 adorned with handinade I Tce Th( fm inin counterpart of this cosday quxins anre m d. \rs lai Te background of the pollera always is tune is the moituia, sometimes called Arias Sith, a i r i h er i white hindkerchief I inei of ftih Iwn, a tumba hombre, or man-killer. In colo1910t) descril'ied thle Icllitx of the wiehnkrhe ie ffn an ia as hswstedeso b and the skirt is full, ranging from 6 to ial days, this was the dress of the Coroniationl ceremnoni. sevns or s lavs Th,. ulgtee 8 iards at the hem. Cross-stitch imbroisevens, or saves. h fll-gathered \iss Ruti Eirman, Paina' s C arskirt is made of aaV-fowered d10ry Or applique, all bv hanid, are used s smce gyowr mtra nival Quee of 1929. spoke of tie in duration. Handmtade insert s edged with narrow lace at the her. itiva deortin Hahead hem.ioi C th e Ci s arniiad wen in whipped onto each hem of the poferai 's Small ribbon tabs at the front and ba k tie year sh was drowned, \\-be w theit r numirons ruffles, and to this is gath-red of the skirthand match the flat slippers Union Cib ml Panama was the center lace cdgigs. zatd pomi-poins of the laee-trimmed, offof h ontc st for es. e th Cdlod an is drawi thriig Sn h th th(-shoulder Hhouse. The chief differ()Ily\' c ttt for Queen that year, meshes of the wide "off-shouldi lae enie between the blouse of the inontuna shere wa, no competition. Ll rtha andl eiids in a large pomI-poim) at and that of the pollera fiesta is that the w% as peaceiful, she recall((. front and back. Small ribbon tabs at the former has one ruffle, while the latter Another of the Queens, Miss Elida waistband and heelless slippers, or has txwo. Arias, said that iii those days, tih (arzapatillas, match the -mbrOiderv and A handwoven hat also is worn with nital g hitet alwawstr a \\as Ited w\ ith pom-poms. th iontuna. This hat, like the man's, thO to three tetntiiats ar wornis turned iup itn front and usually is p1 mtt d tilh PIresident of th Rephil -l i under the pollera. with the outer one fasteited with a pom-pom, while a at fuiltitieos ittilded b both. also elaborately adored with neidlematching ribbon streamer hangs down Bot l s Tapia and Miss Nahimad work and fine lace, for it is shown the back The original wearers of the repolras aid the highly stylized wxin the skirt of the pid ra is iontna had long black braids, which j lr wx ehich compIltes the ostiliii, Coruettishl lifted during the traditional today's girls, with their short hair, often x hii Julio Barba, MIiss Nihmad's native dances. imitate with varn braids. o rt w rc thI mah 's traditional Carcit iblequie ornaments, worn in pairs, "Toldos," open air-dance halls that AI(uii 1W1t111 and the now are fashioned of tinsel wire and are as typical of Panama as the pollera, 1 b itt time ittibeads into the shape of flowers, birds, are erected in different areas of the city ihe otmO lit1 a part of and butterflies ainid are anchored to hairfor danciig and merriment. Hnrc a rldt in t tloiiO anid ti pins in elusti rs at either side of the person mav dance all night for a small i ,n p [iIr to the Isthhead. Heirloom tenihlcql ies, however, f .Outside the toldos, vendors have Ie to hi ix develop d treasured by many of Panana's older tamales, tortillas, carne eii palito (small (sE of tIhiii and wealthier families, are entirely of pieces of barbecued beef on a stick hlsI J. Bargold .Above the tembleiqics are xrn ail bexras available for thdancers. Oatt nding gld-iiioiuited peinetas and, at the back Thus is the Carnival and its tradiof the head, stately peincta de halcon, tional costumes, dances, legends, and limi, frol or high comb, and peiieta de lies, history upheld in prescint-da Panama, I Itr f, a which reflect light and glisten iii it. wherc the entire populace joins in the S()illox -(y]yo\ gold is worn with the colorful festivities and general merripolle ra, aindi pearls and coral are the i ment of the pre-Lenten celebration. il MAiCH 2, 1962

PAGE 21

DESPITE a change in plans for the divided betwe cen the sailings of June 26 1 accelerated vacation season sailing and July 7. Those with school children chedule schedule of the Panama Canal Comwho were scheduled to sail from New pany's Cristobal, all employees with Orleans on July 3 are being reassigned reservations on the vessel for the to the July 7 sailing, while those w\ ithout ofC ristobal affected period will be accomnmodated school children will be reassigned to within a few davs of their originally the June 26 sailing. scheduled dates. The original plans for the accelerated in announcing a revised scheduled vacation schedule provided only 14 for the vessel for the remainder of this hours for unloading and loading the year, officials of the Water Transportaship at Cristobal. This was found to be tion Division said the revisions were too short a time and under the new necessary in order to provide imore timie schedule there will be 32 hours between between arrival and departure of the arrival and sailing at Cristobal. The ship at both New Orleans and Cristobal. 53 hours allotted for stevedoring at New Under the revised plans, the Criwsobal Orleans will be extended to 56 hours. winl make the round trip frorn Cristobal During the 11-day schedule, the ship Reservation Changes to New Orleans and back to Cristobal will heave Cristobal at 3 p.m. and New FROM 'RISTOBAL in 11 days instead of 10 days during Orleans at 4 p. Arrival time at New F C TO the accelerated sailing schedule, which Orleans will be 8 a.m. and at Cristobal Former New goes into effect with the April 2 sailing it wdl be 7 a.m. The complete schedule Reservation Re servation from Cristobal. The present winter through the remainder of 1962 is Iarch 30 April 2 schedule of 14 days for the round trip printed herewith, along with a listing April 9 Aprl 14 is not affected by' the changes. of the changes made in reservations April 19 April 14 Employees scheduled to sail from issued prior to the change from a 10-day April 29 April 25 New Orleans on July 3 under the round trip to an 11-day round trip \avy 9 May 6 originally planned schedule will be for the vacation schedule. Max 19 May 17 Mv 29 M Iay 28 Jue 8 June Is Schedule of Cristobal For Remainder of 1962 1 is June 19 juMn 28 July 1 Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Juhv 7 July 12 New Orleans Cristobal Cristobal Net Orbeans Juh 17 July 23 1 p.111. 7 a.1. 1 p.m. 8 a.m. Jul\ 27 August 3 February 27 March 3 March 5 March 9 August 6 Aumgust 14 March 13 lareh 17 MIarch 19 NI arch 2:3 \ugust 16 August II August 26 August 25 Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Se pte hlr 4 Septeniber 5 New Orleans Cristobal Cristobal N(ci Orleans S ptember 14 Selpteiber 16 4 p.m. 7 a.m. 3 p.m. 8 a.m. Sept nbr 24 Septemnber 27 March 26 larch 30 +April 2 April 6 FROM NEW ORLEANS April 9 April 13 April 14 April 18 Former NewI April 20 April 24 April 25 April 29 Reservation Reservation NIav 1 MIaN 5 May 6 NMlav 10 April 5 April 9 lay 12 May' 16 May 17 May 21 April 15 April 20 May 23 May 27 *Iax 28 June 1 April 25 April 20 Iune 3 June 7 'June 8 Julie 12 Nav 5 May I fune 14 Irne 18 *June 19 Jiune 23 Msax 15 Mav 12 Ma\ 25 Max 23 lune 26 June 30 *July I July 5 June 4 June 3 *ly 7 July 11 *JmIuy 12 July 16 June 14 Jule 14 *July 18 juy 22 *JImIx 23 July 27 June 24 June 26 *July 29 AuLust 2 Auust 3 August 7 July 3 June 26 August 9 Augxust 13 August 14 August 18 or July' 7 *A0ugust 20 August 24 August 25 August 29 July 13 Jul' *August 31 September 4 September 5 September 9 Julx 23 July 18 *September 11 September 15 September 16 September 20 August 2 July 29 September 22 September 26 September 27 October I August 12 August 9 Auhr gust 22 August 20 October 3 October 7 October 8 October 12 ugust 31 August 31 October 16 October 20 October 22 October 26 Septembcr 10 September 11 October 30 November 3 November 5 Noveimbe r 9 September 20 September 22 November 13 November 17 November 19 November 23 September 30 October 3 November 27 December 1 December 3 December 7 October 10 October 16 December 11 December 15 December 18 December 22 October 20 October 16 # Sails at 1 pm. October 30 October 30 *Preference for passage on these ships vill be given to teachers and employees with November 9 Nove mnib r 13 children of school age traveling with them. November 19 Nox mb, c 27 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

PAGE 22

Public tribute to retiring Guovernor Cartcr brought a crowd of spectators and participants to the Balboa Heights Administration Building. THE TAMBORITO and the cumbia, danced with graceful sweeps of polieras to the beat of native drums, brought a bri 4 flurry of gaiety and native color a to tihe staidl Balboa Heights Administration Building late mn January when a group of Panamanian citizens honored retiring Gov. W. A. Carter at a public ceremony of tribute. X One of the first such events ever }staged at the Administration Building. the demonstration was attended by officials as well as private citizens from Panama. Students from the National institute of Panama participated in the native folk dancing. wvhieh concluded a Ij i Carter ws prsne mdlin -a token of esteem from the Panamanian The former Governor left the Isthmnus by lanlie January 05 for Wa~shingtoni, D.C., where he took over his new I o' tlit .iri oncept of bow the new Gamboa puot office will look when completed. position as seniOr engineer adv\isor of the Inter-Am erican Development Bank. N u i n~ ad Po"'t fha design side, a lobby for dhe service wVindow\s lH was smieeeededl in February ly Maj. I no of thn ma w Ganbloa at thle front and a loading platform at Geni .Robert J. Fleming, Jr., who first i hid, r coiesiot tion by the back. Scheduled for completion v isitid the Isthmus during the January ( on S. A at .1 abloit IJily 15, it will be opened to the( mt eting (If the Board of Directors of It t I 1h 101 idapub11)ic short time iateri. t h Painam a Canal Companyl aind( t h e .0 p~ost offiu D uring the time that the new post retulrnled on February, 2 to assume his 41 dsil Ia of office is l)(ing built, a temporary p~ost tiosw duties as Governor of the Canal lastrm( tkii offik for Gainboa has been set tip iii Zone and President of the Panama l tOX S In Oi
PAGE 23

UAortk I(nowing U)Ork 16towongKarina Cares of "WHAT'S WRONG with you guys? r a I sent ly little boy up there with his Niuchachas Guias, older sister andl it should be obvious fiartha Jane Spinney I wanted a doctor to see him. I certainlv didn't waiit hill) sitting tlic fir Gs an hour while you goofed around trying the U.S.A., and to call ile." Petunia Marshall The speaker is an irate parent aiitl tl listener a member of tli hospital staff of International Girl who frequently has difficulty overScouts Symbolize coming the angry flow of words to international explain the whys and wherefores of tie situation, which is typical of a recurring character of problem for the hospitals and a source Isthmian Girl Scout of annoyance to parents. activities Back of the misunderstaiding is th t requirement that Canal Zone hospitals must have the consent of a parent or legal guardian before a doctor eat l examine or provide treatment for a minor. Even in an emergency, treatment must await authority from the parent unless delay would endanger the life or future health of the child. MIORE THA N 1,000 Canal Zone Girl Scouts of the S.A., at tic Joli(tt Hospital and legal authorities point Scouts and approximately 300 adult Low teas held oit ach side of the Isth out that all the difficult can be avoided leaders paused late last month in their mus last month to honor the woai Il if parents unable to accompany a usual round of troop meetingsand activiwho first introdlcid (G;irl Scoutinig to nitnor child to the hospital send a ties to honor the mentor\ of the founder the United States. writt consent, o telpionme i diof the Scoot moveliei't, Lord Robert Theu international frindship programs atcly prior to the appointment to give Badei-Powell, and julictte Low, who carried Out by troops (f the Canal Zone verbal coiisent. (Under Canal Zone law, established the first troop of Girl Scouts Council, Girl Scouts of till VS.A. any person under 21 years of age is conif the U.S.A. include welfare projects oni behalf of sidered a ilninor, except a married 'hme sami girls aind adilt laders also variotius organ izations ill Paniiar, with female IS years of age (ir oldl.) were mak ig special preparations to particdilar im0pasis on orphanages aid Il preparing a written note for the celebrate tii 50th an iiiversarv of the similar institutions. child, the parn it or legal giiardiam t founding of that first troop by juhliettc There also ar frequent mcetinigs should give the vogstcr's name amid Low on March 12, 1912. Since that tirst between troops of the various Girl Scout refer to th conitition fir which treattroop of 12 girls met in Savannah, Ga, organizations oin the Isthmnts. These nent is sought, for a consent is not valid al most I 82 Milliomn girls, wom -n, and ieetim gs usually arc planted to provide if toi general or if it refers to unrelated men have participated iii programs assoan exchange of knowledge b-twee ii the conditions. ciated with the Girl Scouts of the U.S.\. girls of thIw differiit orgaiizations. Itl The hospital and legal authorities The Girl Scouts in the Canal Zont, this wav, menubeis of the Girl Scoits of also point ouit that the requirement is like their counterparts in the Utitcd th USA. learn something of Isthm ian for the protection of the minor against States and 48 other countries around the and Caribbean folkwavs handicraft, mistreatmnit antI thus should he viwe world where U.S. citizens live, have a and language, while members of the b parents as aii ad ditional assurance i iong tradition of hit rinationtal friendluchach Is Guias and International (ir] rather than) anl anlnoyan cc. ship. Eac i year, lnt reds of teenage Scouts leammn similar things about tme girls and adults participate iin an interIted Statis and its citizens THE COM PASS, an external house national exchange program sponsored Capsttne if local events marking tjn organ published by the Soconv Mobil by the Girl Scoitts of the U.S.A. in 50th aiveorsary of Il irtl Scouts of Oil Co., Ilist., devoted the entire cover cooperation with 51 mtmbier countries U.ShA.ninersrylo 12 wirllt and five inside pages of the Janiaryof the World Association of Girl (ide(s tie U.S.A. on fathil] 12 wi l be February isstte to an article on the and (irl Scouts. issuance Of a stamp commemorating the Paitama Canal, which it refers to as In the Canal Zone, however, associaate. Tiis stamp, issued by the Canal *The Canal That Cotldn't Be Dug." tions between giths of tlr(, diffelrilt an Zone Postal Division, carries a trefoil The cover picture, in color, shows a distinct scouting organizations an't almost design in tlie fortground and palin tires, ship and tug northbound iii Gaillard daily events. For here, the Girl Scouts tents, and the Canal in the background. Cut near Contractors Hill. The pictures of the U.S.A. rub shoulders and exchange Present officers of the Canal Zone illustrating the article, all but one of experiences and knowledge with both Council, Girl Scouts of tI U.S.A. ., ar them in color, show the locks, work oil the Muchachas Guias of Panama aid Mirs. Harold Spinney, Los REos, presthe current Cut-widening project, and the International Girl Scouts of the ident; MNrs. Walter O'Contr, Fort other Canal sights. Photographs used Canal Zoin'. Clavton, First Vice President: Mrs. for both the coVer and to illustrate the Officials of both the other Girl Scout Robert Piper, (Qiarry leights, Second article were supplied by the Panama organizations on the Isthius wi're Vice President; andi Nlr, \ellic T Canal Compan .gil tests of tie Canal Zoni councill, Gil Farrll, .Execu tivi I)irei to. TulE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17

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V F \ N h o s a1 '~ id is g o o d -r M W S Si o Leprmsar rm n oUl S will 1e remembered fond1v d" I p itieits. w ho hoiiortd hum on Iils last day ther I ater, he went to the Adniiistration Building at Balboa Helights to receive a retireinnt certifitate for 47 years, 2 months, and 12 days of Company Government service. 1 laindkerchiefswxvere i isediiinashainedh to wx ipe awav tears during a gathering iii the Palo Seco Recreation Hall, as several of the patients at Palo Seco voiced the deelp appreciation of their fe low patients and themselves for the miiistrations they had received from %It. Dove for more than a third of a century. Fraticisco Arosemena, endeavoring to put his gratitude and that of other patients into words, said, "For 37 years you've lived with us and aided us and John E. Dove, in suit, poses with patients and fellow employees at Palo Seco Leprosarium. our deepest thanks go out to yoil for all ,oi did for us. I well remember how leprosariumn. The presentation was made the Hotel Aspinwall oil Taboga Island, oi came to us in the little launch, even by Adrienne Charles. An) inscription ol7 and in the La Boea restaurant. In 1917 when the seas were roughest. May God tie back of the watch bars the name he transferred to the Health Bureau and, go with you." Joli E. Dove and the dates August prior to his position at Palo Seco, was Siieon flail, with tears streaming 1925-January 1962. ail attendant at Ancon Hospital. down his face, said there was no music, The honor guest noted, in his speech On August 7, 1925, ie went to Palo but no music was needed; there was no of acceptance, that he had come to Palo .O s 7 19. i d en to o chorus of voices to sing a farewell Seco fora temporary assigniment, expect-ld td ths ose melody, but no farewell songs were ing to remain 7 days at the most, He words, dedhcated mvs required by those present. moved, as remained for 37 sears, for which I came. The spontaneous thev were, bv siincere sentiment. Arriving on the Isthimis on Nla 1, tributes paid Ihin by the gathering in Ii addition to the verbal tributes, 1914, \ir. Dove's first emiplonment the Palo Seco Recreation flall on his Mr. Dove was presented a vateh froni with the Canal organization was as a last work day demonstrated that his patients and fellow employees at the waiter. He worked at the Tivoli Hotel, dedication was sincere and appreciated. PEOPLE A YOUNG MAN oil his wayi up. This may really break into the "big time." Joseph Trower, left, and Roger Chastain. description would seei to fit Joseph Young Trower and his friend, Roger Trower, a Balboa High School graduate Chastain of Georgia, call themselves wh.]to is studving industrial unginiecring "The Legemnds," when appearing profesat Georgia Institute of Technolgy ill sionally. In private or student life, they Atlanta and simultaneousIy is coming are a pair of senior engineering students a success in the ent(rtainnicit hild. who expect to graduate from Georgia Young Joe recently stepped ip Tech ii June. another rung on the ladder to slicc s as Joe is the soi of the late R. M. Trower a professional musician xx liwhi Itn hid a and Mrs. Trower of Balboa. He was college friend retbrded a guitar aid horn in the Canal Zone, attended Canal vocal version of a song narnid "Jumigt Zone schools, and was graduated from Lullahxy" 11alboa High School in 1958. le took The record, according t) first r op the guitar in his primary school days from such experts as American aindl and became expert in his high school has all the .earmarks of a hit plrmir a ror of other t t fboa in fact, the recording was chos y ii mt of pg a ic at ealb National Music Survev, which s -rviecs I about 1,200 stations all o\-er, (he Vniti d .nclee emtyugCatm States. as its pick hit of the weock and Iae h lecupae h utr American Bandstand gave it 97 out of adlstyrmde trofErp a pssile98 oins i~rfist placc in i wNith a group of other students fromn 4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ wel a rposibe .Gpit frfteor-gia Tech. They also appeared onl it) 'record publishing circles, this amlatcur programs and] in night clubs ieans that success in a difficult field in addition to keeping up x with their mnay be in sight and that the stiidents ii ginering studies at college. k MsnMi i 2, 1962

PAGE 25

WALTER R. LINDSAY, Canal Zone on x essels which trax tled to the Ot rit agronomist, a man wvho has left his mark but Walter followed in the footsteps of otl the Isthmus in the form of ianxy of an uncle who had the onix nurserv on the now common trees and shrubs 1scd the island of Maaui. in local landscaping, is on his way to a Having chosen agronomy as his field, hobbx-filled retirement in Florida. With Walter spent summer vacations working his xwife, \Ir. Lindsay Lft the Isthmus as a supervisor of laborers on pineapple on February 20 aboard thf Critobaf, plantations in the Pacific island group, after 31 vears, I month, and 11 days ot H joined the Canal organization in service with thc Canal organizati at .December 1930, after receiving his The retiring agronomist has been bachelor of science degree froin WXa'shresponsble for bringing many nwx ington State CollIge. His first job was plants to the Isthmlus, but few of th.in s ipervisor of cul tins at the Canal Zone are more striking than the Noifolk Island Experimental Gardeis, Summit. The pine trees which can be seen iere and Gardens were relativeiv nexw% in those there in both the Zone and Panama. days, having been established only some This vividlv green true with the charhalf-dozen Nears previously on the site acteristic pin contours has survived in of a former poultry farm. the Isthmian climate, but Mr. Lindsav NamnedActing Directorof theGardens fears themay never reproduce. in mid-1936, he was advanced to DirecHis landscaping work also has contor 2 years later and in June 1950 wxas tributed to the beauty of both the Zone named Chief of the then new l estaband Panama, where'le frequently has listed Grounds Maintenance Division. aided and advised friends and officials le was transferred to the position of in their landscaping problems. Mr. Lindagronomist with the consolidation which say' directed the work performed at the resulted in the present Community Canal Zone Governor's residence in preServices Division. paration for the visit of Her Majesty Mr. Lindsay is the author of papers Queen Elizabeth 11 in 1953. Six years o mangosteen cultivation, oil teak in Walter H. 1indsa. and ortuik bland pie. later he repeated the performance to the Canal Zone, on the natural resources provide a background for the reception of the Panama area, and oii edible and That hobby-filled retirement? Exven for Prince Philip. poisonous fruits of the Caribbean area. before he left the Isthlliis, MIr. Lindsav Mr. Lindsay xxas born at Paia on the He was one of the organizers of the had forwardt d numerous orchids andh island of Maui, in what was then tilt, Canal Zone Gem and iMineral Society, rocks to St. Pctersburg, Fla., thus preTerritory of Hawaii, tind grew up in was a charter member of the Orchid paring to continue two of his several the horticultural eniironinient of the Society, and was 1961 president of the hobbies in the additional spare timnt 50th State. His father was an engineer Canal Zone Natural History Society, which he now will ha\ OF INTEREST TEN DAYS spent in the Canal Zone Mr. Loga and a hunting companioi, fond memories are not lirs alone-the undoubtedliwill be remembered Clifford Samueli, elicited a constant Loaas also hav iany that will not fondly for many years by 11-vear-old flow of questions from Beida. soon be forgotten. Beidca Batista, a 'resident of a small Fascinated by the people, traffic, Panamanian village north of Divisa. stores, merchandise, and other unfaimiBeida Batista Winsome Beida, shy but inquisitive, liar sights in the Zone and tin'e neighborvisited the Zone as a houseguest of ing parts of Panima, Beida was treat 'd Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Loga of Los Rios. to several shopping-and sightse tug trips The Logas first met Bcida last summer, into Paifiiia City. Th' se ini1dA a after renting a house in the Panamavisit to th '-iarket, anoth-A tothe iiian village of Paris, where the young Sunday morning drawing of th National girl makes her home with the farm Lottery, and a trip downtown to wateh family of Julio Cedeflo. the parade in honor of Don Bosco on Living next door, Beida soon became Jatinuarv 31. a frequent visitor, assisting Mrs. Loga In the Canal Zone, she visited Miawith the housework. Pleased with flores Locks, Contractors Hill, tlh(e Beida's intelligence and natural charm, Administration Building at Balboa the Canal Zone couple promised her the Heights, was conducted on a tour of Zonc visit if she got good grades in the SS Cristobal, and made a round trip school. The young girl paid heed and between Balboa and Gamboa on the completed her fifth year of school with Panama Railroad. the equivalent of five A's and one B. Outfitted xxith the first readimacde The 10-day visit to the Zone followed. clothes sh ever has owited. Beida hft The trip to the Zone was the first time for home 10 days after arrival, prothat Beida had been south of Divisa, fuse in her thanks and appreciation which is 12 miles from Paris. Tile Unldoubtedix she has been busilv telliu journey, made in the company of of her adventiures ever since, but the Tin PANAMA CANAL REvIEw 19

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU lamses .\Iorris 015 ruetion In or T. athwait Fr -k Driv ( 1ARI E UREAU Doro iy W. to tanye Se -et ry, ter graphiv SUPPLY ND 'O NIUNIT Cutl ei Pari it El VICE B .ar enter Walpe Sep us Simons Wapc Bernard am l.ilol Storekeeping Clerk aintenance Painter SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Samuel J. Silcott Heavy Laundry Worker TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Clyde S. Prescott Track Leader Laborer ENGINEERING AND Fred I. Weade Louis E. Palmer Cathrine Brown CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Canal Pilot Sheetmetal Worker Cook Nelson R. Clark Luis C. Quintero Pablo Del Cid Julius Cheney Supervisory marine Traffic Typewriter Repairman Leader Milker Leader Electrician Controller Claudine A. Daxon Robert W. Anderson Lambert W. Kat OFFICE OF TIE Sales Clerk Stockman Towboat or Ferry master COM\PTROLLER William B. Mallorv Ralph L. Sell Rupert A. Tomlinson Toa I Scott Chief. Notion Picture Servic, Lead Foreman, Quarters Helper S iip ri g ht Chf AeM toita n itE tl .T ter leano Actorus Brown nEstella T. Nelson mle ran C etio Cost Accountant Sales Clerk Christopher T. Cox Edgard U tit v. At iea Ruth 1. Callender OilerTeletypist Laborer Cleaner CioWeno Torres Card Puie O -rator Retail Store Sales Checker Manuel M. Camarena General Helper SUPPLY AN] MNIUNITY oh t.Blades lheavy Laborer Julio Maei lintenanecinan Livala E. Bailey Oiler SERVIC 'REAU TRANSPORTATION AND I leavv Laborer areial Es a ia M. Rod gu TERMINALS BUREAU Seiford N. Lyneh Seaman a I. go Floating Plant Water Tender James P. B ukalis buerti .W te Lorenzo Garay George leKenzie Leader ichinist orker Lead Foreman Dock Cargo Mainenaceian eade whllit okerOperations R aintenanceman John S. Romelis Ceeil W. flaughton G pist' Rivas Reginald P. Young Timekeeper Warehouseman Automotivse ehanie Seaman James S. Best Louis George Jean Geo e a le HEALTIH BUREAU Heavy Laborer Clerk Ceorge G Mandeville L. C. Greciuidge Enitb U. Clarke Truck LDri% er Nadine N Cain Oiler Meat Packager Clarence P. Whyte 11, ld \ure, Psychiatry Renaldo E. Ilenry Annetta B. Renie helper Locomotive Engineer Rub% I,. Ford Deckhand Counter Attendant Rupert S. Austin .t O5sc Emelio B. Ilumphries Egbert Arboine Automotive Equipment kntoniolm e 0 do Boatman Dry Cleaning P'res-er Serviceman I fi controll Lahorer Vincent Correa Rosa Amelia Prados Victor L. Caldera i( I\ ilmot Maintenance Painter Meat Packager Railroad Trackman \ istant Mareos Darkuin Elphina A. Williams Vernal C. Williams Helper Lock Operator Retail Store Sales Checker Chauffeur Alejo C. Guevara Lloyd 11. Ilarriott Rezinald M. Myrie Ileavy Laborer General Helper Truck Driver r Rogelio A. Canizales Agustin Gareia Phillip A. Gill E RI Launch Operator Service Center Sup risr Truek Driver Juan Corrichategui Ernest Bernard Uriah A. Williams H. Lat.u Launch Operator Baker Brakeman Ciie Ynio t or Frank L. Maloney lay Louise Johnson Joseph Savoury I Helper Lock Operator Retail Store Sales Checker Painter 20 MAnCH 2, 1962

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS January 5 through February 5 EIPLOYEES who were proimoted or ply Division, to Asphalt or Cement to Counter Attendant. transferred between January 5 and Worker. Alfonso Elliott, from Laborer Cleaner, to February 5 are listed below. WithinContract and Inspection Division Utilitx Worker. grade promotions and job reclassificaJunior C. Billingsley, from Towing LocoLes C. Quintero, Jules Vreux, Typeriter neotiei Engine er, Locks Division, to Re-pairmsan, fromn Industrial Division. tiocs ire not listed. Cnsti Enmer L Gkneral Oscar Edmund, Jr., Edgar R. MeCollin, iostre-Lnstrectioce Inspector ((G-neral). Anel E. Moreno, from Pinsetter, to EXECUTIVE PLANNING STAFF HEALTH BUREAU Utility Worker. Thomas E. Burrow, from Supervisory OrJimmy R. Givens, from Accountant, to TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS ganization methods Examiner, to ManCradate Intern (Administrative Ser Norman E. J. Demers, from Administrative agement Analysis Otficer (Assstant C(ef, ) OfHe of the Director. Services Officer (Assistant to TransportaExecutive Planning Staff) Reginald F. Sandiford, from Hospital tion and Terminals Director) to TransB. Trendon Vestal, from Organization ancl Laborer, Gorgas Hospital, to Nursing portation Operations Officer (Assistant Nethods Examiner, to \lanageiiicit Assistant (Psychiatry), Corozal Hospital. Transportation and Trninals Director), Analyst (Plans Officer'). Carlos L. James, from Laborer Cleaner, Office of the Director. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Sipply Division, to Kitchen Attendant, George B. Erskine, from Warehouseman, Wilna D. Crump, Secretary fSte nogri phys Pako Seco Leprosariumto Accounting Clerk, 'Motor Transportatrom Office of the Diretor, TranstertaGorgas Hospital tion Division. tion and Terinals Bureau, to Office of Alexander Egudin, from Pharmacist, to Joseph A. Vowell, fronx Road and Yard the Director. Scpervisory Pharmacist. Conductor, to Road and Yard Conductor lHector Citing, from Truck Driver, lMotor Geraldine W. Knick, from Staff Nurse, to and Train Dispatcher, Railroad Division. Transportation Division, to Detention Nurse Supervisor. Terminals Division Guard, Police Division. OFFICE OF TILE COMPTROLLER Frank A. Aird, Eric Malcoln, froni Leader Division of Schools Jerome E. Steiner, from Supervisory Industrial Tractor Operator, to Leader Anita M. NicClelland, from Substitute Cashier, to Supervisory Cashier (AssistStetr Cdore. Teacher, to Elementary and Sicondary ant Treasurer), Treasury Branch. FloretintiO Chero, r Operat NtUllingS, from School Teacher. John C. Paige, fromi Teller, to Suptrvisor .Industrial Tractor Operator, to Stevedore. Eunice E. Mason, from Substitute Teache r, Cashier, Treasury Branch. t to PradorH T Latin Armerican Schools, to El necentary Phyllis D. Powers, frOm Accounting Assistt edor. Jose P. Paruta, trome Dock Wotrke r, tee H igh Teacher, Latin Anirican Schools. ant, Supply Division, to Time, Leave, Lift Trutk Operater. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division. Pablo Bonilla, from Dock Worker, to Edward ?M. Browder, Jr., from General MARINE BUREAU Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman. Engineer (Assistant Engineering and Walter A. Dryja, froe Administrative ServJuan Tud, from Railroad Trackman, to Construction Director), to Supervisory ices Officer (Assistant to Marine DirecHelper Liquid Fuels Wharfman. General Engineer (Assistant Engineering tor to Industrial Engineer (Assistant to Donald A. Clarke, from Clerk Checker, to and Construction Director), Office of the MLarine Director ), Office of the Director. Cargo Clerk. Director. George Warren, from Service Station AtOTHER PROMOTIONS Engineering Division tendant, Supply Division, to Helper PROMOTIONS whieh did not involve Meyer S. Slotkin, from General Engincer Rigger, Navigation Division. chances of title follow: (Assistant Desigig Enginec ', te SupeiJose Nl. Yanguez, from Laborer, Comsacies oi fo Xistry Gentrml Engineer (ssistanit iisueiitv Services Division, to Helper CarMarciano Batista, Nursing Assistant, Coe Desigceing EngineAer). penter, Industrial Division. Solo Hospital. deslge cgLocks Diisiog. Thatcher A. Clisbee, Manage-usecnt Analyst Edward H. Alle qe, fitm Scuehanica Engi(Capital Program Coordinator), Execnneer (Industrial Eeuipmet), tee Supen.Martha J. NI. McGee, Clerk-Typist, from tive Planning Staff. visory General Engineer (Chief, Loc ks Employment and Utilization Division, to Joseph M. Cooke, Supervisory General Ovtersaul and \laintenance Branch). Olfice -of the ChiefEngineer (Desigsing Engineer), EngiWayne HI. Nellis, from Electrical Engineer Marjorie R. Butler, from Clerk, to Statistineering Division. (General), to Elect ronic Engmer cal Clerk, Office of the Chief. Sigurd E. Esser, Director of Schools (Super(Ge neral). Jerald S. Burke, from Toolroom Attendant, intendent of Schools) Division of Sidney Temple, File Clerk, from Adminto Stock Control Clerk. Schools. istrative Branch. Eliott F. Brathwaite, from Stock Control Ruth A. Fishbough, Meedical Record LibraDredging Division Clerk, to Sign Painter. rian, Gorgas Hospital. Francesco Viglietti, William i. Gordon, Florencio Rios, front Boatman, to Leader Juan Flores, Winchman, Terminals DiviLarchan 11. Robinson, from Launch Boatman. sion. Operator, to lotor Larcech Captain. Ricardo A. Smith, from Helper Lock OperMargaret NM. Gallardo, medical Clerk Join F. Runck, from Guard, Locks Diviator. to Toolroom Attendant. (Typing), Gorgas Hospital. sion, to Property and Supply Clerk. Antonio Jimenez, Carlos F. 'Master, front Eddie B. Goodrich, E ectrical Engineer Joseph NIathurin, from Seaman, to Floating Line Handler, to Helper Lock Operator. (General), Engineering Division. Plant Oiler. PERSONNEL BUREAU Reginal A. Guillette, Clerk-Typist, ComRicardo R. Reefer, from Utility Worker, Arline L. Millard, Clerk-Typist, from asuisity Services Devisiin. Supply Division, to Hlea-v Laborer. Gorgas Hospital, toharles T. Jackson, Jr., Adcniaistratix Electrical Division osil, tee splcotec Services Officer, Office of the Director, Flectri utilization 1)ivision. Marine Bureau. Robert HI. McConaughey, from Apprentice SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Earl C. Keeney, Teller, Treasury Branch. Power Plant Operator, First tear, to SERVICE BUREAU Arthur J. O'Leary, Deputy Coieptroller, Apprentice Power Plant Operator, George LI. Neal, Instrument Repairman, Office of the Comptroller. .Second eare from Industrial Division. Harold 1. Perantie, Office Services Manager LiviMgstone B. Reece, from Helper ArmaMaria T. Lopez, frori Utility Worker, to (Chief, Adnisitratitvc Branch), Admrinture \inder, to Electroplater (Limitited). Sales Clerk. istrative Branch. Ilenry S. Steven, from Laborer, to Heavy Edith Edwards, frons Sales Clerk, to Clerk. Norman L. Randall, Jr., Structural EngiILaborer. Roosevelt L. Grant, from Kitchii Attendneer, Engineering Division. Maintenance Division ant, to Cook. Luz E. Reyes, Clerk-Stenographer, Account'Mcano A. Brown, ll6ctor M\. DeSouza, Naudline Jemnmott, from Car Hop, to ing Division. Sidney A. Gordon, Hernan G. 'Myles, Utility Worker and Car Hop. Roy C. Stockman, Supervisory General front Oiler, to Refrigeration and Air Allan R. Ellis, from Package Boy, to Engineer (Chief, Locks Division), Oils Conditioning Plant Operator. Laborer Cleaner. of the Chief, Locks Division. Salvador Navas, from Heavy Laborer, to Napoleon B. Ashby, from Package Boy, to William C. Willoughby, NIechanecI LEgeGeneral Helper. I eavy Laborer. neer (Industrial Equipment, Ekgner Carlos Ilerazo, from Utility WX orkr, SupMonica O.Narecheau. from Utility Worker, ing Division. THE PANAMA CANAL REviEw 21

PAGE 28

RETIREMENTS CANAL E \PLOYEES ho retired fron service \Nith the Panama Canal Company and C nal Zone Government during January A _ _ are listed below witli their position at the time of retirement and years of (anal servicec: Dhola S. Archibold, Shipworker, Terminals 50 Years Ago passed by Congress late in the month. Dix ision, Cristobal; 27 years, 9 months, Gov. Clarence S. Ridley, in testimony 23 days THE SPI.LLWAY at Gatu Dam was before the House 'Merchant Marine and Benjamin A. Biltn, Shipworker, 'erminals closed 50 years ago this month, and Fisheries Committee, urged that favor6ivision, Cristobal; 32 years, 1 Lnakh, Gt Le was rising, under the preable action be taken on a bill authorizing Pedro B. Cicercs. Ilcavy Laborer, Terailing (Irv season flow, at the rate of sIperannuity pay for non-U.S.-citizen minals Division; 22 cars, 2 months, about ain inch a day. Arrangeneits had employees of the Panama Canal and the 14 davs. Ientii made to keep the water from Pama railroad on the Isthmus. George E. Coleman, Sheet Metal Worker rising above any specified level by disIndustrial Division; 22 \,ears, 2 1tb vthiing a ny eci. leve byr is ri s. charging any excess. Corete10 Years Ago Eric S. Cooper, Helper L ock Opci or, the spillway of Gatuin Dam was more 15 years, I month, 2L dys. than 81 percent completed. The House Appropriations Committee Chris A. Desmne, E2 trhsa, Jli i asl Work was advancing on installation called for increased toll rates for ships John E. Dove, Medical Xi, I'ah' Se ei cp. of towing locomotive tracks at both using the Panama Canal and cut the rosarium; 47 years, 2 onthsl 12 days. Gatun and Pedro MIiguel Locks. The appropriation requested for the Canal Ruth Dunscombe. Position Classier, Pertracks to carry the electric locomotives Zone Government by $1%/2 million. Canal sonuel Bureau, 19 years, 7 ionlths, which control the movement of vessels officials indicated that the tolls question 22 days. Wilbur Dunscombe, Supervisory Chemist, through the locks were unique iii coinwould be among the first business to be Goraas Hospital; 25 ye ars -months, parison xvith ordinary first class railway considered by the Board of Directors at 1 days. construction, with special emphasis on a meeting in Washington, D.C. Felix Ehrnan, Leader Boatiain, Pacific Abihree Department of the Army repI .oeks Division, 35 Years, 9 months, durability.TheDpatntoteArye20 days. President \Villiaim Howard Taft ruled resentatives met on the Isthmus with Percy NI. Greenidge, Nursing Assistant, that no automobile, motorcycle, or bicyCanal and Army officials to discuss the Gorgas Hospital; 42 y ears, 11 months, cc should be driven or op)erated over proposed transfer of areas in military Enriqu Grifo, C1 rk, Supply Division; the roads or streets of the Canal Zone resrivatiois on the Pacific side to the 36 y-ears I month. 1-1 days at a speed exceeding 15 miles an hour. Panam Canal Company for the Canal Frederick W. lensler, ( iral Foreman, housing project. Representatives from Navigation Division; 13 years, 8 months, -the office of the Secretar of the Army 17 daYs. Y rs g were headed by Peter Beasley, Special Zephaiab1 J. Jesse, Hliper Pipefitter, InI weehae-~ ee 3 sc' pca dZstrial Diisine 3 years, 2 months, BIG NEWS on the Isthmus 25 y ears ago Consultant to the Secretary of the Army. 6 divs. this mouth was the annouen(-nt that Anthony R. Lombroia, Gniral Foreman, a d1 strover and submarine base xvoulk One Year Ago Niaintenance Division; 35 years, 9 be built Ix the U.S. Navy on the Pacific AIPPOINTIMENT of Col. NV. P. Leber months 15 days, Willian F. Long, Poliian, Atlantic Disside and a U.S. Navy, air station on the to succeed Lt. Gov. John D. McElheney trict; 21 years 5 months, 19 days. Atlantic side. The plans vere revealed was announced last 'larch by Gov. William E. Lundy. Assistant Treasurer, in Washington with publication of tesW. A. Carter. Colonel Leber was to Treasury Branch; 32 years, 8 months, tinony in the hearings on the $526 milcome to the Canal Zone from Washing5eamne Burgoon, Accnnting Technician, lion Navy supply bill. The bill had beeni ton, D.C., where le was Executive \, ()iiig Divisn; 3 y(ars 7 inths reported upon favorably by the House Ofbeer to the Chief of the Corps of Wla d Appropriations Committee and was Engineers. William C .\Merchant, \\ate r Sy~stemrs Coritrol mi att r and Laboratories Branch, N litenansj, Dix isioim 21 years, 6 mouths, 27 Bae Carejul -Not a Statistic tic I o ks 42 .ais 8 mouths, 25 (lays. A}bert F. P61ine, Slurc ke ping Clerk, -ACCIDENTS Supply ivisiow; 39 31 aii 11 months, FOR iialdi, Ramos, ( attl, \tta idant. \indi Isr 1 ,r 10 mouth 2 day s. THIS MONTH Idlt I .tohison, In-p t (or ( ran.m Rail.bus e 2 i 0 s w 5 montlss, i oii .m I Hospital, a o 7 nmontlhs, THIS YEAR (cars, JANas FiRST AID DISABLING DAY S JANUARY CASES INJURIES LOST ', C iim insiy '62 '61 '62 '61 '62 '61 ALL UNITS 188 535(322) 10 16(2) 6078 97 XX toI: I k(1 lsm' k p YEAR TO DATE 188 535 322) 10 16(2) 6078 97 ( Locks SJcrhaul injuries included In iotal IiMA1iCH 2, 1962

PAGE 29

Mrs. F. R. Johnson discusses Japanese block print with Lt. Gov. and Mrs. W. P. Leber. Capt. Richard G. Jack signs guest book. STs Sho w at Tivoli features work of art students in Canal Zone Junior College classes. BUDDING Isthmian artists, some of opened late in January and continued The exhibit included the best work whom had little or no art instruction through Iarch 2. The exhibit was produced during the first semester prior to last fall, had the thrill last opened formally by Roger C. Hackett, classes by students in the studio paintmonth of seeing their work exhibited Dean of the Canal Zone Junior College, ing classes which meet on Saturdays in the Little Gallery of the Tivoli and Mrs. Philip Thornton, President of and the design classes which meet each Guest House. the local chapter of the American PenThursday afternoon. Under the joint sponsorship of the women, assisted by Mrs. F. R. (Pete) The design class exhibits included Canal Zone unit of the National League Johnson, instructor of the experimental woodblock prints in oil and watercolors of American Penwomen and the Canal art classes of the Canal Zone junior produced by students using the JapaZone Division of Schools, the show Colh g and other school officials. nese method of w oodblock printing. The studio paintings included reproductions of contemporary art and oil paintings of various subjects. M rs. Johnson completed her studies in fine arts last year at Columbia University and during recent years instructed the Palette Group of Morgan's Hill. In addition to the Junior College art classes, she teaches art in Diablo Heights Junior High School. Her students this year included a Wuinber who had studied with the Palette Group, as well as several adults who never before had tried their hand in the field of art. The results, NIrs. Johnson says, were highly satisfactory. especially in the work with Japanese 101 wood prints. The exhibit was the first of its kind -ever held in the Little Gallery, which normally is used to display the paintings of professionals or advanced students. The Junior College art classes, now several years old have grown from an original enrollmen t of about a dozeii Dean Roger C. Hackett of Junior College opens Little Gallery show. Left to right are Mrs. to the present enrollment of 55 in the Johnson, Mrs. Philip Thornton,Dcan Ifackett,Sigurd E. Esser, Mrs. Esser,and Mrs. Hackett. t wo classes. TilE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 2.3

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Grae IPPINGG New Grace Liners TRANSITS BY OC N-IN( & Ohio Railroad. The coal was for the rrVESSELS I\ | t\ARY Yawata Iron & Steel Co. of Japan. nin tIhro Elil th f Iaior s a ng United States shipping experts said it tra d Lion ships i thlte west coast of con.'' .was the beginning of a long-term coSoultih Amricila trade has hi a a great I. S( _rx, I _t ,tract with Japanese steel firms which S\n ata liis tad o u-ia o t I S.I rnen'it ...12-. .Was negotiated by C. H. Sprague & Son, 11111 dIut I Il t -s .largest exporter of' U.S. coal. Eventualix, 1m11 i tx br stowing aln d linhg cargo Totl. .21 9 Ii million tons mill be shipped annualiv In tle ox ui Vt st1, IS hm h(tTOLLS* under the contract. for tilt lint byi till B 'tijietitlm steel '', NuessClippcrisoneoftwoships C.vardat Sparo o Phlit. nt, ( d .S4 i ,4~51 o 77 7kaS Ht w8 Cipri neo w hp .dt i~I u at \ pianmsl.on m(UK roernmot. 71 1 1 n w engaged in the operation. Tie hlace earl-\d.'second, the \aess Ca.alihr, completed Solithlbod, tl1 \ sips ...4522505 4 3 \itsubisli ill Deceiber, went north alitoltlills alnd othei vehicles, llibriCARGO* tfirOUgl the Canal at the end of Iat Il't oils, dtcr .'ilts, andl Oller'al ( 0101 .5,172,598 5,465,458 Fbruarv. Both ships load iron ore in Sarigo tlat ti ih< pa kagt'td il Ifl -~ (.~i Go'ret. 147 1 347 Peru oil their return trip from Japan to tain is \01 tNiotlfid th tr alspt _-~~)~~rt~~ tilt east coast of till' United States. The fruits fro hi le, o oa 1,cans, balsa, 7oa 1600 10,0 o d i m 1 h ilt aOn 0,1 btn ild aoffe ae f o m1 .5 I O n, 5 4 N a ess S h ip p in g C o .v e ssels are re p reStlted at the Canal bv \\ ilford & MeKav. (Colombia, hroz(l Shrimp froil Panama, 1 and liqid cal goes slice h as Imolasses anid a New Canal Custoicrs spI m oil f 1om Periu loaded into anl oceail-going ship, is THE PANAMA CANAL was used for flht n )17 nllii pass Ig r-cargo scelldttled to transit sioutibound again ti first time by 418 ocean-going ships Slip 5a1ta Iagdal1 1a, uxll h was ill M\arch with similar cargo. She is the of' all sizes and t\ p-s during the first lmimhed il I 'hinarN\ will h ale to 669-foot Nacss Clippr, a brand new 7 miontlis of fiscal year 1962. With most cal mN 175 standard 20-f oot c'iltal is supership built by tilt Mitsubishi Shipof til first transits arriving at Cristobal, Or ti 'k I r l i ns witll a total c apat -building & Engineering Co. in Japan for the Atlantic sidt adleasurement office it\' of I S St600 clic t t Silt also w ill till, Anglo-Pacific Shipping Co., Ltd., of handled 305 of thvessels and 113 were havi 39, 000 cui t of t til mp'ratu -Bermlutda, a1 su iibsidiary of tilt, Natss handled by the Balboa office. Sontr oll space ind 24,000 cubic 11 ct SilippilIg C o. If the 1nmbr of first transits continue of ti, r a saice In addition, thert Il ) 1ier, the vessel arrived helre at the same volie during the remain\ ill he talks Ir oils, tI rents, and from Hamptonil Roads w\ith :37,800 tons lmg 5 months of the fiscal ycar, the total petrohlimn ittms of high gradc intalllirgical coal from ina exceed the 653 first transits I l 11 V ships ai r e ptt d to lave the New River region of til( Chesapeake recOrded during the previous fiscal year. Space I r ball as loiadti at C nal ports lianana conlcoms, h(ilg mistallct as par t of tw silip' standard d equ i mwnt, \\iil ill th< inlt at tiltl iatt of 2,40) stills m hol r. Ancon Up For Sale TI I\ P\ \\ \ \\ AL ( O\IPA \\ S \IImo1, ln t ii out of, s e'.1( ill j 196 aftI 22 ar1, 'ill 1w ,(ld to th hit 11st bidder abov e C10,000 oin \arch 9. Th< bids \\ill h i ope\ld mi: thl ( I ftlir A, lw 0 ,ji't i il \\ashSi Tl B J tt i lpl(att. .tWt ars of tha ils \la dit Stte dhinistrratit r9 ith isa r (mdhne th, dtpoil of tFr 'f Ship. te im.
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