Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


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UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


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Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mont nsl Zone


N. I). CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
Editorial Assistants:
EUNICE RICHARD and TOBI BITTEL
\\'ILIAM BURNS, Official Photographer


vivce (-entlers, Retail Stores. and the Tivoli Groe
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back
ole payable to the Panama Canal Company
l rial Offices are located in the Administra


Sose for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
oples 10 cents each.
uld be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights. C. Z.
ilding. Balboa Heights. C. Z.


Index


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Ak-ft 4%


TIlE BRIDGE WORKMEN shown on this month's cover eating
their lunch while perched on girders of the Thatcher Ferry
Bridge superstructure simply don't take time away from their
jobs to eat in more mundane surroundings, although elsewhere
on the bridge there are less precarious spots in which to enjoy
a sandwich and thermos of coffee or a soda.
A much more inviting spot, at least to anyone dizzied by
heights-which the bridge steel workers obviously are not-would
seem to be at the uppermost levels of the bridge, where forms
being readied to receive the concrete decking of the structure
offer broad, solid expanses such as that pictured above.
The forms, utilizing plywood as a base, are held in place by
heavy wooden crossmembers underneath, much in the fashion of
the floor supports in a frame house. After the concrete decking is
poured and allowed to cure, the wooden crossmembers will be
unbolted from the hangers which hold them and the plywood
base between the steel girders. The crossmembers and plywood
then will be removed, leaving only the concrete and steel of
whiiel the entire bridge is to be constructed.
As December came to an end, the steel superstructure of the
bridge was beginning to take shape above the water of the Canal,
but the eventual shape of the soaring structure still was only
barely indicated by the steel in place. Officials say the upward
swoop of the superstructure probably will begin to take shape
in about 2 months.


(Coltilllini Progress and Sen rice:

Better Jobs

( ininitiityv I leadership

It's Brcak\water DutV for Spoil

\cN l' 1 i'' i, t for Railroad

Visit ois


People

F' I Cmlldidct




litt Yhits, \l's Sonl

B Ittlilur I Blast WJIl

Ulli\nt sa iries

Promiiotio~ns aund TIran~sfers~



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ElictiI-ifI'I its

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JANUARY 5, 1962


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Message from

Governor Carter





Continuing


Progress and Servi


In Year Ahead







AS \E ENTER a new year, every member of the
Company/Government organization can look back with
pride to a year during which modernization of the water-
way continued to be a major concern of all, second only
to operation and maintenance of the Canal itself.
We also can reflect with pleasure and appreciation on
the cordiality and friendly interchange between tlhe
people of the United States and those of the Republic
of Panama, as citizens of the two countries continued to
conduct the day-to-day business and social relationships
which have marked life on the Isthmus for more than
half a century.
But as we view these things with rightful pride, we
also will be looking ahead to plans for the coming
year and beyond, as improvements now in progress
increase the capacity of the present waterway to the
maximum possible.
The Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company,
headed by Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, jr., will
be considering these facts as they meet on the Isthmus
January 20 and view the progress of the improvements
now in progress.
Among those improvements are the widening of
Gaillard Cut from 300 to 500 feet, approximately half
completed as the year ended: the first of the new, more
powerful towing locomotives built to replace the aging
machines now in use; houses completed and under con-
struction in the continuing effort to improve housing for
Canal employees living in the Zone; progress on the new
Corgas Hospital building; modifications made at the
locks to permit installation of the new towing locomo-
tives and to reduce lane outage time during overhauls;
the sightseeing launch Las Cruccs, acquired to provide an


adequate means for visitors and sightseers to view the
Canal and its operation; the three new and more powerful
tugs now in service; and the soaring superstructure of
the Thatcher Ferry Bridge now rapidly taking shape.
This year, we should see the Thatcher Ferry Bridge
completed, along with the improved and widened high-
ways which will serve to carry traffic to and across it. We
also should see the final contract awarded for widening
of Gaillard Cut.
Thus, as we complete another year of service to world
shipping, we can reiterate the tribute recently paid to
Federal employees by the U.S. Civil Service Commission
in preparation for observing the 79th anniversary of the
Civil Service Act which President Chester A. Artlur
signed into law on January 16, 1SS3:
"The Federal employee can take satisfaction in
knowing that he is one of a corps that have been picked
for their competence, that continue in employment
because they continue to demonstrate that competence
in their work. He can also take satisfaction in the fact
that Government has developed an up-to-date personnel
system, complete with employee benefits and privileges,
that compares favorably with the practices of progressive
private industry. And he can take pride in serving a
Government that is the leader of the Free World."
All these statements apply to the men and women who
work for the Canal enterprise, who through their efforts
and competence, continue to serve the needs of world
shipping while laboring to keep the waterway abreast
of the needs of global commerce, with its ever-increasing
movements of materials in larger and larger vessels over
the oceans of the world, and through the Panama Canal.


TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








~~1lint' It.lUI'1I~~


A number of employees
in the Payroll and Machine
Accounting Branch have
gained their
positions and pay through
special training.


There are many


BETTER JOBS opportunities
for employees


THERE IS a constant process of
change and improvement in the wages,
hours, and working conditions of Com-
pany/Government employees through
a continuous process of individual
advancement and periodic general revi-
sions in pay scales and fringe benefits
Ib Congressional action.
The broad, general improvements
provided from time to time by legisla-
tive authority are designed to keep
benefits and privileges of Government
employees similar to those enjoyed by
workers in progressive private industry,
while the advancement of individuals
is designed to properly compensate
employees for the work they do.
Within the framework of the Canal
Zone Merit System there is considerable
opportunity for individuals to earn pro-
motions and or transfers to better, more
': Id desirable positions or
The amount of movement
S. ranks of the Company/
(r more than 14,000 em-
ploy1)1 i ii.:ted by the fact that
approxiI 1,400 promotions and
translers inv pay increases were


processed by the Personnel Bureau
during 1961.
This advancement of individual em-
ployees comes about primarily in two
basic ways under the Canal Zone Merit
System: Promotion of an employee to
a more responsible, better-paying posi-
tion; or reclassification of the position
an employee occupies because addi-
tional duties and/or responsibilities
have been added to it.
There are a number of ways in which
these changes can come into being, but,
in general, promotions usually occur
through the normal process of filling
vacancies created by retirements, resig-
nations, or addition of new positions,
and bv establishment of similar but
more responsible positions through re-
organization of the duties associated
with a given position, often through
realinementof the work being performed
by a given unit.
The recent promotion of Alejandro
Montenegro, 37-year-old Panamanian,
to the position of launch operator in the
Dredging Division is fairly typical
of the processes by which individuals


move up to more responsible, better-
paying positions as the result of addi-
tional skills learned while employed in
other positions.
Mr. Montenegro first was employed
by the Canal in December 1941 as a
laborer with the Building Division.
During World War II, he worked at
Madden Dam in a variety of positions,
finally settling into a job as palancaman
in 1947. In the years he has spent at
Madden Dam and Lake, he has learned
much about the operation of launches
and in April 1961 was transferred to the
Dredging Division as a seaman. His
long familiarity with launch operation
led to his promotion to launch operator
in November, the position having been
added to provide additional launch
service required by increased dredging
operations in Gaillard Cut.
Although Mr. Montenegro's promo-
tion finally occurred because of the
creation of an additional position,
the reason that he was selected rather
than someone else was the knowledge
of launches which he had acquired
over the years. Much of the respon-


JANUATIV 5, 1962






sibility for earning the promotion was,
therefore, his.
Not so well understood as the factors
influencing promotions is, perhaps, the
fact that the individual employee also
has considerable influence on whether
or not the position he occupies even-
tually is reclassified at a higher pay
level. This frequently happens because
an employee handles his originally
assigned workload so efficiently that he
is able to undertake new and additional
responsibilities, thus doing a better job
for the unit employing him and, at the
same time, adding to the duties of
the position.
When these additional responsibilities
are recognized officially the position is
evaluated higher than originally. Thus
the employee benefits by being advanced
to the higher grade level for which the
new evaluation calls.
Typical of such a change is that
recently made in the grade level of tele-
type operator positions in the Marine
Bureau. These jobs, which recently
were reevaluated in a job study, were
found to be more difficult than when
the original grade level for them was
established, primarily because of the
value added to them by the resource-
fulness and ability of the incumbents.
Consequently, the positions were re-
classified at a higher grade level and
each of the employees filling the jobs
will, in future, make several hundred
dollars more per year than they have
in the past.
New and improved methods of per-
forming certain tasks constantly are
occurring in the Company/Government
organization as new equipment, mate-
rials, and procedures make it possible
to alter former ways of doing things.
It is this type of change which is
included in the recently announced plan
for better utilization of deckhands who
are employed by the Canal to work
aboard transiting vessels.
The new plan calls for the deckhands
to he aboard the vessels only during
the approach, passage through, and
departure from the locks. Each group
of deckhands will work on several ships
each day instead of staying aboard from
the beginning to the end of the transit.
As a result of the change in operating
methods, deckhands will, in the future,
enjoy a number of benefits which they
did not previously have, including a
40-hour work week, overtime and
holiday pay, and regularly scheduled
days off.
Implementation of the plan also will
create nearly 50 new positions in the


Marine Bureau which will require
higher skills than those demanded of
deckhands. These new positions, which
include those of launch operator, launch
seaman, timekeeper, and supervisory
personnel, will be compensated for at a
higher rate of pay. The plan will reduce
the number of deckhands required under
present operational methods, but will
replace part of the lost positions with
these better-paying positions.
Each month's report of promotions
and transfers in the Canal organiza-
tion, reflects the variety of changes
which constantly are being made within
the ranks of Company, Government
employees. The very variety of them is
indicative of the numerous opportuni-
ties afforded employees for advance-
ment and improvement in their indi-
vidual positions, adding to both their
income and skills as they move from
one step to another in the upward climb
to the top in their line of work.
Albert Mootoo, 29-year-old Panama-
nian, is only one of many employees
who watch and prepare for opportuni-
ties which come their way. Mr. Mootoo
had been employed by the Canal organ-
ization for several years and had proved
himself an able and valuable employee
as a clerk in the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, when he saw an oppor-
tunity to move into machine accounting
work in the payroll branch.
Seeking the job, he took an aptitude
test which showed he was ably fitted
for the work. He was offered and
accepted a transfer to the new position,
even though he received no immediate
increase in pay by doing so. \Vithin a
year, however, he had advanced two
grades and had virtually doubled his
previous salary.








Hector E. Taylor,
traffic control clerk
in Balboa Port
Captain's office, is
one of those
benefiting from
a recent position
upgrading.


Still seeking to improve his knowl-
edge and qualifications for more
responsible positions in the future,
Mr. Mootoo has, for the past several
semesters, been taking accounting
courses at the Canal Zone junior College
on his own time. Like many other
employees who use their leisure time
to improve their skills and abilities,
Mr. Mootoo's attendance at Junior Col-
lege is being sponsored by the Company/
Government under the Tuition Refund
Program. Under this program, em-
ployees pursuing approved, job-related
courses of study have their tuition
refunded by the Company/Government
upon successful completion of the
course or courses. Efforts are being
made to have more employees take
advantage of the opportunities offered
by this program.
Many of the employees of the Com-
pany/Government are aided in their
upward climb by apprenticeships and
training of various kinds conducted or
sponsored by the Canal organization.
Employees are kept advised of the
various opportunities offered for such
training from time to time and are
urged to take advantage of them to
improve their skills and thus advance
their own self-interest.
A major indication of the results of
the operation of the Canal Zone Merit
System and the benefits accruing to
employees by application of it and
the Canal Zone wage plan throughout
the organization is the fact that more
than 500 non-U.S.-citizen employees of
the Canal organization now are occupy-
ing U.S. wage base positions, compared
with 141 at the time the Merit System
was instituted in February 1959, less
than 3 years ago.


TIlE PANAMA CANAL REV\'FV













COMMUNITY




LEADERSHIP


Ellis L. Fawcett
Paraiso


Adrian NM. Bouche, Jr.
Pacific


RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone live in
a community which is unique and some-
what strange to those accustomed to life
in the United States or other republics
of the Free World. In the Zone, there
are no politics, no home rule, no local
taxes, no private ownership of real pro-
perty-all things which are very much
a part of community life in the States.
The democratic traditions and free-
doms enjoyed for so many years by
residents of the republics from which
Panama Canal Company and Canal
Zone Government workers are recruited
are deep rooted and wholesome,
however, and the Canal organization
is interested in perpetuating these
traditions among Zone residents and
thus creating greater community' har-
mon\, cooperation, and participation.
There are, to be sure, many similari-
ties between the Canal Zone and com-
imioities in the United States, with
many institutions such as churches,
patriotic organizations, and others fuic-
tioningi much as they do in the United
States. There also are stores, homes,
schools, courts, and similar institutions
which arc operated in the Zone.
The essence of free government is for
the people to have a means by which
they can, without violence, direct, alter,
or modify the operation of the tradi-


Arthur WV. Davis
Pedro Miguel

tional republican forms of government.
But the Canal Zone is a special-purpose
area with no local political status, no
legislature other than the U.S. Congress,
and no indigenous population. Its
civilian population consists almost exclu-
sively of employees of the executive
branch of the U.S. Government and
their families. Under these circum-
stances, the employees engaged in the
Panama Canal enterprise have no direct,
local political means of influencing
the governmental operations in their
home communities.
To overcome this built-in obstacle to
home rule, each Zone community has
an elected Civic Council which provides
an effective channel of communication
between the administration and res-
idents of the Zone, and is a guiding
hand in inaniv community endeavors.
Although those in charge of the
administration of the Canal Zone are
answerable only to higher authority in
the Federal Government and are not
directly answerable to the residents of
the Zone, it is the sincere desire and
objective of the local governing authori-
ties in the Zone to encourage local,
democratic participation in community
life. A major means of achieving this is
through official recognition of and
co,)eration wiith thie Civic Councils.


Arnold S. Hudgins
Gamboa


Elections for delegates to the various
Councils are held by the communities
each year, with part of each group of
Council members being replaced and
others retained to provide a continuity
in service and experience in the member-
ship. It is the responsibility of the indi-
vidual community to establish its own
Council and a constitution and bylaws
for it. Presidents of the nine Civic
Councils in Company Government
townsites are pictured on these pages.
In addition to the various officers of
the Councils, each of them selects rep-
resentatives to serve as delegates to
meetings which are scheduled periodi-
cally with the Governor of the Canal
Zone to discuss matters of interest to
one or more of tie communities. These
meetings often provide a convenient
time and place for the Governor to
seek opinions on proposed plans or to
announce new programs which will
affect Zone residents and be of interest
to them. The meetings also provide an
opportunity for the Council representa-
tives to ask questions or make requests.
A major item of business for the
various Civic Councils have been pro-
posed changes in housing regulations,
including the basis on which housing
is assigned. A few months ago, for
example, Governor Carter sought the


JANUARY 5, 1962













Civic Councils provide Zone

residents with voice in local

affairs and activities.


IKYL
Henning J. Spilling
Gatun


Wilfred E. Barrow
Rainbow City


E. W. Brandt
Coco Solo


Mrs. Doris R. Sanders
Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights


S

Kiennleth Ilaughtonl
Santa Cruz


advice and opinions of the Civic Coun-
cils before establishing new regulations
governing assignments.
In addition to the executive sessions
between the Governor and the desig-
nated Civic Council representatives,
there also are periodic community meet-
ings in the various townsites to provide
residents of the community with an
opportunity to participate directly in
this phase of the Civic Council program.
Questions and requests submitted to
the Governor in these meetings fre-
quently are answered on the spot, but
if further information is needed on
which to base an answer, the Governor
normally refers the matter to the appro-
priate officials of the Company Govern-
ment for study and recommendation.
Supplied with this information and,
perhaps, further informed on the sub-
ject by personal investigation, the Gov-
ernor or a designated representative
addresses an answer to the Civic Coun-
cils concerned, giving them detailed
reasons behind the reply and, usually,
if the answer is negative, suggesting
that the request be renewed if anything
has been overlooked which the Council
believes should have been considered.
Areas of special and particular inter-
est to the Civic Councils of the various
communities are very similar in nature


to those of governing bodies in State-
side communities. Schools, recreation
activities and facilities, traffic, hospital
services, housing needs of residents,
and many other matters involving the
general health and welfare of the
community\ are their primary concern.
Governor Carter has taken a lead
in urging the Civic Councils to become
even more active in the affairs of their
respective communities. He has sug-
gested that the\ should take an interest
in such things as welcoming new res-
idents to the community, scheduling
and otherwise planning recreation activi-
ties, and, in general, in arousing inter-
est in communlitv events of all kinds.
Civic Councils, providing "grass
roots" listening posts as they do, have
influenced hundreds of decisions over
the years, ranging from matters in-
volving housing through such things as
the location of bus stops in Rainbow
City, the establishment of school bus
shelters in Pacific side communities,
studies and occasional changes in traffic
regulations, efforts to provide local
registration of U.S. citizenship for chil-
dren born here, and numerous other
matters, including the hours of opera-
tion of service centers and retail stores.
The principal officers of the nine
Civic Councils in the Zone who have


been named to serve during the current
year are as follows:
Coco Solo: E. \V. Brandt, president:
Mrs. Majel E. Beinheimer, first vice
president; Mrs. Lorraine Currier, second
vice president.
Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights:
Mrs. Doris R. Sanders, president;
Mrs. Louise E. Griffon, representative
to Governor's Conference.
Gamboa: Arnold S. Hudgins, pres-
ident; Donald J. Connor, vice president.
Gatun: Henning J. Spilling, pres-
ident; William T. Clute, first vice
president.
Pacific side: Adrian M. Bouche, Jr.,
president; James J. O'Donnell, vice
president.
Paraiso: Ellis L. Fawcett, president;
Eric S. Oakley, vice president; S. D.
Callender, representative to Governor's
Conference.
Pedro Miguel: Arthur \. Davis.
president; Cleveland Roberts, repre-
sentative to Governor's Conference.
Rainbow City: Wilfred E. Barrow,
president: Seabert Ilaynes, vice pres-
ident; Astor N. Lewis, representative to
Governor's Conference.
Santa Cruz: Kenneth Haughton, pres-
ident; Christopher T. Cox, vice pres-
ident; Louis G. Small, representative
to Governor's Conference.


TIlE PANAMo.A CANAL REVIEWv


% L_


















Canal tugboat moves through Miraflores

Locks with loaded barge during late

evening lull in ship traffic.


JtJ Breakwater 2puty for Spoil


WHEN STRONG BREEZES come
sweeping from the south and west
across the broad expanses of the Pacific,


waves pile up and come smashing into
the Isthmian shoreline and the Pacific
entrance to the waterway.


'1 lie freshly nwl:-ir' )spil for thie bliakwater extension, dumped at high tide, rises just
above the' i Lillng low tide. It later will be raised to level of that in foreground.


The waves, although only occasional,
create a problem at the pier on Naos
Island where Canal pilot launches are
cocked. The breakwater which partially
guards the pier area from the waves
does not provide complete protection
and at times the launches docked there
have been battered rather severely. It
even has been necessary to remove the
launches to a calmer spot at times.
Now all this is being changed. Tons
and tons of stone from the Cut-widening
project now are being hauled to the site
and dumped to extend the Naos break-
water an additional 300 feet in a curving
loop, which, it is believed, will provide
much better protection for the pier area.
Scows loaded with suitable rock spoil
from the Cut-widening work are moved
south through Pedro Miguel and Mira-
flores Locks late at night to avoid any
interference with ship traffic, then are
towed to the breakwater for dumping at
high tide.
After the scows have dumped the
base for the breakwater extension, more
spoil will be piled atop it to raise the
extension to the level of the existing
breakwater, thus completing the task
and providing an encircling arm of stone
on which the waves can \vent their force.
leaving the pier and the launches docked
there virtually undisturbed.

S JANUAnY 5, 1962


4,iy --_- -i






FI


LI


One of 15 new boxcars purchased by Panama Railroad is unloaded.


New



Equipment



for Railroad




First locomotives bought
in decade to be
delivered this year


NEW EQUIPMENT is the order of the
day for the Panama Railroad, the West-
ern Hemisphere's oldest transcontinental
rail line.
During recent weeks, the railroad
has put 15 new, all-steel boxcars into
service, received a new mobile machine
for use in track maintenance work, and
ordered the first new locomotives to be
purchased by the railroad in a decade.
The new, 50-ton boxcars, purchased
to replace obsolete equipment, were
built in Mexico by Construetora Nacio-
nal de Carros de Ferroearril and shipped
to the Isthmus aboard the Cristobal.
The last of the 15 cars arrived on the
Isthmus just before Christmas and
already has been put into service.
The new mobile maintenance ma-
chine, known as a Kershaw ballast
regulator, is designed to eliminate the
hand spreading of ballast on the road-
bed and right-of-way and also can be
used to reshape the banks along each
side of the right-of-way. Equipped with
extensions on each side which can
scarify and reshape the banks alongside
the track, the first job of the new device
was to perform such work along the
track from the Miraflores Tunnel to
Corozal.
The new locomotives ordered by the
railroad are 1,200-horsepower, diesel-
electric engines for use in switching
operations. They will replace five
20-year-old, 1,000-horsepower engines
now being used in switching work.
A contract for the new engines,


which will cost $412,000, recently was
awarded to General Motors Overseas
Operations. They are to be delivered to
the Isthmus in July of this year. The
new engines will be approximately
45 feet in length, will have the engi-
neer's cab in the rear, and will be
more economical to maintain than the
engines now in use. They are of a


standard type used in the United States.
The last locomotives acquired by the
Panama Railroad \were bought in 1951.
They were three 1,600-horsepower
diesel-electric engines designed for both
road and switching duty. Still in use as
passenger train engines on the Isthmian
line, the 1951 locomotives were built by
American Locomotive Co. of New York.


Railroad's new ballast regulator was put to work searifying and reshaping sides of right-of-way.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








VISITORS

FOR CENTURIES, the Isthmian crossing has
attracted visitors from throughout the world. It con-
tinued to exert its magnetic attraction last month, as
the annual influx of tourists and other travelers started.
High on the list of those visiting the Zone in the
pre-holiday period were Francis Cardinal Spellman,
Military Vicar for the Catholic personnel of the
Armed Forces of the United States and Archibishop
of New York, and Congressman and Mrs. George E.
Shipley of Illinois.
Cardinal Spellman included a visit to military
patients at Corgas Hospital in his busy -dlay schedule
of activities in the Zone and the Republic of Panama.
Accompanied by Canal Zone Governor Carter, the
Prince of the Catholic Church demonstrated the
amiability and kindly understanding for which he
has become known throughout the U.S. Armed
Forces, as he and other members of the party visited
patients in both the medical and surgical wards of
the hospital, with Cardinal Spellman stopping to
chat briefly with each of 29 military patients.
Congressman and Mrs. Shipley, who arrived on
the Isthmus December 9 for a 1-week stay, were
conducted on an extensive tour of Canal installations
by Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber. Near the end of their
stay, the Congressman and his wife accompanied
Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Leber to the annual
Agricultural, Industrial, and Livestock Fair at
Penonome, Republic of Panama.
The Lieutenant Governor attended the opening of
the fair as the official representative of Governor
Carter, who was unable to attend because of
other commitments.


Francis Cardinal Spellman, Governor Carter, Col. Edward Siger-
toos, and Miss Beatrice 11. Simonis during tour of Gorgas Hospital.


Lieutenant Governor Leber looks on as Congressman Shipley Mrs. Shipley is greeted by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari at Penonome,
signs visitors register at La Boca model and briefing room. as U.S. Ambassador to Panama Joseph S. Farland and other visitors look on.


10 JANUARY 5, 1962


































Edward Michaelis, one of 4 members of locks security force who serve as


FUN


FOR ALL


Many activities

available here

for residents

and visitors


ARRIVAL of the Isthmian dry season,
which coincides with the tourist season
of January through March, is the
signal for a resumption of many activi-
ties which are curtailed or, at least,
dampened during the 8 or 9 months of
rainy weather.
While snow blankets the northern
regions, forcing most athletic types to
move inside for such spectator sports as
basketball, Isthmians are preparing to
move outside for the start of the pro-
fessional baseball season-and dozens of
other outdoor pursuits from planting
dry season farm crops to family picnics.
And as many Stateside fishermen
huddle beside a small hole cut through
the inches-thick ice of a lake, their
Isthmian counterparts break out their
fishing gear to match wits with the
finned ones under the searing rays of
a tropical sun.
Isthmian youngsters look forward to
the sunny, rainless days which normally
start in December and run through April
so they can indulge in the worldwide
childhlod sport of sliding downhill. But,
whereas in the north this sport utilizes


snow and steel-runnered sleds, its
Isthmian cousin substitutes the slippery
dead grass of a handy slope for the snow
of the northland and a fallen palm frond
in place of the sled.
Stargazing, too, is a favorite dry
season activity on the Isthmus, the
virtually moisture-free atmosphere pro-
viding a clear view of the stellar bodies,
which generally are obscured during
the rainy season.
To accommodate those interested in
the planets, constellations, and other
wonders of space, the Miraflores Obser-
vatory will open for its annual dry
season schedule of two evenings per
week, starting this month. Each evening
will include a brief lecture and a chance
for visitors to view the skies through the
observatory's telescope.
Arrival of dry season and the activi-
ties which are peculiarly a part of it
does not, however, signal the end of
rainy season activities, of which there
are many on the Isthmus, a number of
them sponsored by the Company
Government.
Among the year-round activities


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


bilinlgual tour guides, explains lock operation to visiting couple.







I--_ _--


The Miraflores
Observatory is a
favorite spot
for stargazers
during dry season.


ii-a


'mm,, *r.I] m,' t (,i,* -I ** I, i. .. -ic r i'*i .o -~.iI,., L. to '


organized, sponsored, or otherwise ac-
tively carried on through the Company
Govemment and its units, arc visits to
the locks which lift and lower ships on
their transits, cruises through Gaillard
Cut aboard the sightseeing launch
Las Cruces, visits to Summit Gardens
and Contractors Hill, and, of course,
the transcontinental operations of the
Panama Railroad.
Some of these activities can be
indulged on most any day and at anyv
time, while others require special
advance arrangements or planning, some
being available on only certain days or
during only certain hours of the day.
Whatever your interests in the Zone,
however, one or more of these activities
can supply you and your famady with
entertainment and enjoyment.
Visits to the locks are one of the
favorite activities of young and old
alike, even among those who have been
residents of the Canal Zone for many
years and have visited the locks many
times. As they will tell you, there is
something endlessly fascinating about
seeing huge ships quietly and effort-
lessly lifted or lowered from one level
to another.
Visiting hours for the general public
at Miraflores and Catun Locks are from
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, for either groups
if several persons or a single individual
making a casual visit. Bilingual tour
guides from the locks security forces
ate on duty during these hours at both


sets of locks to explain the operation of
the locks and give some of the history
io the construction of the Isthinian
waterway,
Trips aboard Las Cruces, the 64-foot
sightseeing launch recently acquired by
the Canal, can be made through a
number of arrangements. The vessel is
available for use of all officially recog-
nized employee groups and organiza-
tions in the Canal Zone and the Republic
of Panama, including tourist agencies,
and may be used for day or nighttime
trips, alny day of the week.
The basic trip aboard Las Cruces
is between Pedro Miguel Locks and
Calnboa, a distance of about 9 miles,
which embraces all of Caillard Cut, the
immense ditch which was cut through
the Continental Divide to create a major
portion of the waterway, and which
now is being widened from 300 to
500 feet to provide for faster, safer
transits by vessels using the Canal.
Charges for use of the launch vary,
depending on the nature of the group
or organization desiring to hire it. Com-
plete information and applications for
groups or organizations desiring to hire
the launch may le obtained through the
Administrative Branch at Balboa 2-3192.
In addition to use of the launch 1b
groups or organizations, the Canal
organization is, at present, with the
cooperation of tourist agencies in
Panama. offering once-a-week tours
utilizing both the railroad and launch.


These trips, available to any indi-
vidual at nominal cost, combine
iound-trip rail transportation from the
terminal cities of Balboa and Cristobal to




From the picnic grounds atop Contractors Hill


t, ^
A
I |E^
]iL


Camlon with a 2-hour cruise through
Gaillard Cut on the Las Cruces. A quali-
hed tour guide is furnished for the
launch portion of the tour. Details about




an watch ships passing through the Canal below.


Wa.


Shaded walks and wide variety of tropic Ji
plants are special attractions for visit.
to Summit Gardens.






these tours, now being operated each
Saturday morning, can be obtained from
Panama Railroad ticket offices or any
of the established tourist agencies in
the Republic of Panama.
At Summit Gardens and high atop
Contractors Hill on the w-est bank of
the Canal at the Continental Divide,
special picnic grounds have been pro-
vided for those who enjoy such outings.
The Contractors Hill area, while pro-
viding a spectacular view of the Canal
at this deepest point of excavation for
the waterway, is rustic in nature, with
only picnic shelters and tables provided.
The Summit Gardens areas set aside
for picnicking are shaded by the vast
assortment of tropical trees and other
plants gathered from throughout the
world and brought here for experimental
grow th and study of their development
in the local environment,
The Gardens, located along Gaillard
fHighway a few miles south of Ganboa,
are open to sightseers and picnickers
daily during most of the daylight hours,
during both the rainy and dry seasons.
Tours of school children from both
the Republic of Panama and the Canal
Zone normally are scheduled Mondays
through Fridays and require suffi-
cient adult supervision by the person
requesting arrangements for the tour.
Groups desiring to use the Gardens
for picnics are required to apply to the
Chief of the Community Services Divi-


sion, Drawer S, Balboa Heights, in
writing, at least 7 working days in
advance of the date for which reserva-
tion is desired. Such groups must show
certification that they are a Canal Zone
organization and must supply an esti-
mate of the number of persons expected
to attend the outing.
Small family groups also may use the
picnic areas at the Gardens, on a less
formal basis. A responsible member of
the group must register at the Gardens
office, which then will assign the group
an area on a space-available, first-come.
fist-served, basis. Such small groups
also may make advance reservations if
they so desire by either calling or
visiting the Gardens office.
These activities are, of course, onl\
those actively sponsored by the Canal
organization. lany others are available
in the Zone and tile Republic for those
inclined to pursue them, including
fishing in both fresh and salt water,
swimming, skin-diving, shell-fishing, and
a myriad of other activities ranging from
visits to Barro Colorado by arrange-
ment with Smithsonian Institution at
Balboa 2485 to netting butterflys. So. on
those dreary dayis when Vou lament that
yoou "don't have alm thing to do," look
around; may be you can find something
that will interest and intrigue not only
you but the whole family for a day.
a week. a month, or even a lifetime.
Many others have.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13


JANVARY 5, 1962




































Mr. and Mrs. Oscar G. Agueda and children with Governor Carter.


A PROUD and happy family was on hand in the
office of Canal Zone Gov. W. A. Carter early last
month as Oscar C. Agueda, 45-year-old Panamanian
seaman employed by the Dredging Division, received
an award for bravery from the Governor.
The award, accompanied by a check for $300, was
presented to Mr. Agueda in recognition of courageous
action which is credited with saving the life of Jos6
Achundia, a fellow employee who had fallen between
a ship and the floating crane Hercules.
Mr. Achundia was in danger of drowning or being
crushed between the two vessels as they swung
together because of wave action, when Mr. Agueda
lowered himself to the waterline guardrail of the
Ifercules and grabbed the injured employee's shirt
collar just as he started to sink below the surface
of the water.
The injured man suffered multiple contusions of
the head, arms, and legs in the fall, but Mr. Agueda
was not injured and managed to get his fellow
employee back to safety aboard the Hercules.
First employed by the Canal in 1942, when he
was 26 years of age, Mr. Agueda has worked as a
seaman during most of his years with the Canal enter-
prise, spending most of his time on the Hercules.
Members of his family who accompanied him to
the Governor's office and heard the personal con-
gratulatons extended to Mr. Agueda included his
wife, daughter, and two sons.


-PEOPLE


JOHN 13. FIELDS of the Canal Zone
Housing and Maintenance Office will
retire from Company Government serv-
ice next September, but already is well
underway on a new career. He has
been ordained to the Sacred Order of
Deacons in the Cathedral of St. Luke
and will leave next August to attend
the Seminario Episcopal del Caribe in
Puerto Rico for 1 year, after which lhe
will le ready for assignment as priest of
this Missionary District, which includes
Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador.

P ..-


Ii. I


U

*


Mr. Fields, who was born in Gates-
ville, Tex., came to the Canal Zone with
his parents in 1906. His father, John B.
Fields, was Construction Quartermaster
in the Canal construction days and,
incidentally, was the first Master of the
first Masonic Lodge in the Canal Zone.
He also was a charter member of all
the York Rite bodies of Masons here.
The family's first home was at Las
Cascadas, and then they moved to
Corozal, in the area now occupied by
the townsite of Los Rios. Open ditches
were outside the houses, covered by
boards for crossing-over purposes. Young
John traveled to school in Balboa in a
mule-drawn brake, a 21/-hour journey
for the 7 miles because the road fiom
Corozal to Balboa at that time went
along the present Curund a back road
and through Panama. Todav's road, at
that time, was swampland. Grocery
orders came in by train from Mount
Hope and drinking water was delivered
in gallon jugs from the train station
to the homes.
Ile was a member of the first graduat-
ing class at Cristobal High School, the
family having moved to the Atlantic
side after the Canal was opened to
traffic. In 1924, he was graduated from


the University of Texas, in Austin, with
a degree in mechanical engineering
-and ever since then has worked in
civil engineering.
Mr. Fields' first employment in the
Canal Zone was in 1917, while a student
at Balboa High School. He left the Zone
in 1920 and did not return until 1939,
after being with the Texas State High-
way Department and Texas Highway
Patrol for a number of years.
His wife is a medical technologist at
Gorgas Hospital Laboratory. They have
two daughters, Jo-Anne, a sophomore
at Ripon College, Wis., where she is
majoring in mathematics and physics,
and Janet, a sophomore at Balboa High
School, whose ambition is to be a
physical therapist. She's made a good
start, as a Pink Girl at Gorgas Hospital
during school vacation.
Mr. Fields, like his father, has been
extremely active in the Masonic organ-
ization. He speaks Spanish, and is look-
ing forward to the experience of his
forthcoming vear's schooling in Puerto
Rico. Mrs. Fields will remain on the
Isthmus and will continue in her
position until Mr. Fields receives his
assignment as a priest.


JANUARY 5, 1962







E





M





P


REGULATIONS governing the con-
duct of employees of the Panama Canal
Company and Canal Zone Government
recently have been revised and reissued.
Complete copies of the regulations noto
are being prepared in both English and
Spanish and will be distributed to each
employee this month.


General Policy. The maintenance of high moral and ethical standards is
essential to efficiency in the conduct of Company/Government business and
to assuring confidence of the public in the Government of the United States.
By the nature of its primary mission involving a public service to the commerce
of all nations, and by virtue of the multitudinous functions and activities in
the field of public and international relations necessary for the performance
of that mission, the integrity of operations of the Panama Canal Company/
Canal Zone Government must be above reproach. To accomplish this objective,
all employees, wherever stationed, are expected and required to maintain
moral and ethical standards in their personal conduct that will in no way
reflect discredit on the U.S. Government or the Company/Government
organization.


Conflict of Interest. A conflict of
interest situation is one in which an
employee's private interest, usually of
an economic nature, conflicts or raises
a reasonable question of conflict with
his public duties and responsibilities.
Following are specific examples of
unlawful acts by a Government officer
or employee under these laws:
To receive, or agree to receive, anyv


D


U


money or thing of value for giving
to or procuring for any person any
contract from the United States.
To receive, or agree to receive, any
compensation for any services ren-
dered before any department, agency,
or officer of the United States in rela-
tion to any proceeding, contract,
claim, or other matter in which the
United States is interested;
To prosecute, or aid in the prose-
cution of, any claim against the
United States other than in the proper
discharge of his official duties;
To act for the United States in the
transaction of business with any firm,
corporation, or other business entity
of which he is an officer or member
or in which he has a pecuniary
interest;
To receive any salary in connec-
tion with his services from any source
other than the Government of the
United States.
Dual Employment. U.S. citizen em-
ployees and employees in U.S. wage
base positions desiring to apply for per-


mission to engage in outside emplov-
ment or other business activities on the
Isthmus, must submit Form 222 to the
Executive Secretary through the head
of their bureau, division, or inde-
pendent unit. Other employees must
request such permission from the head
of their bureau, division, or indepen-
dent unit, who will either act on the
request, or, in cases involving policy or


C


T


other question, refer it to the Executive
Secretary for consideration.
Membership in Organizations. Em-
ployees may join or refrain from joining
employee organizations or associations,
without interference, coercion, restraint,
or fear of discrimination or reprisal,
with the following exceptions:
They' mavy not have membership in
organizations or associations which
directly, or by affiliation with other
organizations or associations, impose
upon them an obligation or duty to
engage in, or assist in, any strike
against the United States;
They shall not have membership
in any political party or organization
which advocates the overthrow of the
constitutional form of the government
of the United States.
Participation in Political Activities.
Generally, U.S.-citizen employees are
prohibited from:
Using official authority or influence
for the purpose of interfering with
an election or affecting its results;
Taking an active part in political


TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15


Principal parts of the regulations are
presented on this page and the next.
Disciplinary action for violation of the
regulations can range from a reprimand
to a discharge for the employee
involved. Clarification or further infor-
mation about the regulations can be
obtained at the office of the Personnel
Director, Balboa Ieights.


N


L





O





Y





E





E






management or in politicalcampaigns;
Soliciting or receiving any assess-
ment or contribution for any political
purpose from another employee or
person;
Serving as officers or organizers of,
or presiding over political meetings;
Making partisan political display
(badges, buttons, etc.) while on duty
conducting official business.
The following additional policies
are prescribed respecting participa-
tion by employees in Panamanian
political activities:
Employees residing in the Canal
Zone who are not Panamanian citi-
zens shall not engage in any form of
Panamanian political activity.
Employees residing in the Canal
Zone who are Panamanian citizens
may exercise political rights guaran-
teed to them by Panamanian law.
They may affiliate themselves with
the political party of their choice,
attend political meetings, and be free
to vote in all elections. These privi-
leges may be exercised subject to the
following reservations:
No employee shall engage in Pan-
amanian political activity in or from
within the Canal Zone, or during
duty hours, and employees shall not
use their jobs or positions with the
Company Covernment in the ad-
vancement of Panamanian political
activity.
Employee associations, organiza-
tions, labor unions, and other em-
ployee groups, organized and existing
in the Canal Zone, shall not engage
in Panamanian political activity.
Any employee who may be elected
to political office in the Republic of
Panama will be required to terminate
his employment with the Company/
Government.
Solicitation for and Acceptance of
Gifts. Employees shall not solicit or
accept, directly or indirectly, anything
of economic value as a gift, gratuity, or
favor, which is, or may appear to be,
designed to in any manner influence
official conduct. No gift shall be
accepted whenever the officer or em-
ployee has any reason to believe that it
would not have been made except
for his official position or that the
donor's private interests are likely to be
affected by his actions or actions of the
Company/ Government.
Gifts to Superiors. Employees are
forbidden by law from soliciting con-
tributions from other employees for a
any official superior and from
i gift to any official superior.
O." 1 '. are forbidden by law
to ei.,: a gift from employees
receiinx :i salary than themselves.
Awards r Foreign Governments.


Employees are prohibited from accept-
ing any present, decoration, or award
conferred or presented by any' foreign
government without the consent of
Congress. Employees who receive infor-
mation that they are to be tendered such
gifts, decorations, or awards must report
to the office of the Executive Secretary
to receive instructions as to applicable
laws and regulations.
Use of Official Information. Em-
ployees shall not disclose official infor-
mation without appropriate authority
and shall not use, or permit others to
use, for the purpose of furthering a
private interest, any estimate, informa-
tion, promise, or agreement covering
any work, contract, sale or business, or
other transaction in which the U.S.
Government, the Canal Zone Govern-
ment, or the Panama Canal Company is
or may possibly become interested.
Permission to Publish Articles. Em-
ployees shall obtain clearance from the
office of the Governor before releasing
for publication articles pertaining to
Government activities in the Canal
Zone.
Use of Property. Employees shall not
use Company/Covernment property of
anll\ kind for other than official purposes.
They also have a positive responsibility
to protect and conserve all Company/
Government property, including equip-
ment and supplies entrusted to
their care.
Payment of Debts. Employees are
expected and required to pay their just
debts and meet their proper financial
obligations. Failure to meet such
obligations, or any action or omission
which causes continued annoyance and
trouble, constitutes unsatisfactory con-
duct. The foregoing includes payment
of Federal, State, and local taxes in
accordance with the laws of the juris-
diction to whose taxing power he may
be subject.
Loans From Subordinates. No em-
ployee shall borrow money from another
employee over whom he exercises
supervision, control, or authority.
Courtesy; Profane and Abusive Lan-
guage. It is the duty of every employee
to exercise consideration, self-control,
tact, and courtesy in all dealings with
tile public and fellow employees. The
use of profane and abusive language
either by those in authority addressing
subordinates, by employees serving cus-
tomers, or b\y employee-customers
addressing other employees who are in
performance of their duties, is forbidden.
Nondiscrimination. No employee exer-
cising Company Government authority
shall discriminate against, or give undue
preference to, any other employee with
regard to appointments, promotion,
awards, training, or any other personnel


action, b\ reason of race, color, creed,
sex, marital status, physical handicap,
national origin, or political belief,
except as may be specified by law or
regulation issued pursuant thereto.
Conduct in Quarters. Employees and
other occupants of Company/Covern-
ment quarters shall conduct themselves
in such a manner as to avoid repeated
justified complaints from their neighbors.
Lotteries. Any person within the
Canal Zone who shall vend, sell, barter,
or dispose of any lottery ticket; or be
concerned in any wvise in any lottery or
scheme of chance by acting as owner
or agent in the Canal Zone for or on
behalf of any lottery or scheme of
chance to be drawn, paid or carried on,
either outside of or within the Canal
Zone, shall be punished for the first
offense by a fine of not more than
$1,000, or by imprisonment in jail for
not more than 1 year, or both, in the
discretion of the court, and for the
second or a subsequent offense by both
fine and imprisonment.
In addition to any\ fine or imprison-
ment, an employee of the Panama Canal
Company or Canal Zone Government
found guilty of violating the lottery laws
will be dismissed from the service with
general objections to reemployment by
the Company/ Government.
Use of Purchase Authority Cards.
Purchase authority cards shall be used
only by the person to whom they are
issued or by wholly dependent and
legal members of his immediate family
actually residing with him.
Prohibition Against Misuse. Author-
ized holders of purchase authority cards
shall take all necessary precautions to
insure that the cards are not used in
violation of these regulations. This pro-
hibits assisting an\ other person in an\'
manner in violating the letter or intent
of these regulations. The sale, loan or
other transfer of purchase authority
cards is expressly prohibited. So-called
"commonlaw wives" are not entitled to
use these cards.
Display of Purchase Authority Cards;
Surrender in Certain Cases. Purchase
authority cards shall be shown upon
making purchases of goods or services,
or when specifically requested by any
manager, cashier, or clerk of Company/
Government sales or service establish-
ment where the purchase is being made;
Canal Zone Contraband Control In-
spector; or member of the Canal Zone
police force.
The personnel listed above may
examine any purchase authority card
and, in the exercise of their discretion,
retain any card issued by the Company
Government. Cards which are retained
shall be forwarded promptly to the
(See p. 19)

16 JANUARY 5, 1962








1 Worth nowing
FILMING of a 30-minute informa-
tional and educational film about the
Panama Canal is starting this month.
Six representatives of Bay State Film
Productions, Inc., were to arrive on the
Isthmus January 2 to start production
work on the film, which is being made
for the Panama Canal Company.
For thle next several weeks, camera-
men of the Springfield, Mass., film
company will be shooting footage
throughout the Zone. The representa-
tives of tie firm scheduled to arrive
January 2 are Morton H. Read, pres-
ident of the corporation; Edward R.
Knowlton, who wrote the script for the
film; Harold M. Fischer and A. Herbert
Wells, cameramen; Mrs. Read and
Mrs. Wells.

REGULATIONS governing payment
for home leave travel recently have been
revised to incorporate a recent ruling
by the Comptroller General of tile
United States relating to the amount
of time which must be spent in tile
country, territory, or possession in which
the place of actual residence is located.
The new regulations affecting Canal
employees require that if leave is taken
at a location other than the country,
territory, or possession in which the
actual residence is located, the travel
voucher must show the period of time
spent in any other place or places
visited. To qualify for allowable travel
and transportation expenses, the em-
ployee must spend at least one-fourth
of the period of home leave in the coun-
try, territory, or possession in which
the actual place of residence is located.
Time spent in uninterrupted travel by
the authorized route and mode is
not counted as part of the required
25 percent.

THE FIRST distribution of funds from
the 1961 United Fund drive is to be
made this month to the 20 participating
agencies, officials of tle voluntary fund
drive have announced.
More than $140,000 was collected in



Agency
A rm y..................................
N avy .... .......... ........... ..........
Air Force. ..............................
Panama Canal Company/Canal Zone Governmi
Other Government agencies ...............
Special gifts:
Contributions ........................
A activities ...........................
Total.............................


,- 4 W


*iN


It


*I*<*


- 'L
Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber greeted a group of students from the Agricultural and Industrial
School at Divisa when they visited the rotunda of the Administration Building at Balboa
Ileights last month during a tour of the Canal Zone as guests of the Company/Government.
Lieutenant Governor Leber. speaking in Spanish, welcomed the students to the Zone, and
Bill O'Sullivan, official translator of the Canal organization, explained the murals in the
rotunda which depict construction of the Isthmian waterway. During their stay in the
Zone, the students also visited Summit Gardens and Miraflores Locks. Professor Jose A.
Vasquez was the leader of the visiting group.


the fund drive, which ended Decem-
ber 2. This was more than ever collected
and pledged in any previous drive.
Tile funds to be received by tile
20 participating agencies during 1962,
with only one exception, will be the


Contribu-
tions and
pledges
$24,145.51
4,000.30
4,4t 1.81
68,384.57
2,194.64
18,012.79
19,108.13
$140,257.75


Percentage
Goal of goal
achieved
$24,125 100 plus
4,000 100 plus
5,000 88 plus
71.700 95 plus
1,875 117


18,300
20.000
$145,000


98 plus
96 plus
96.7


same as the individual goals established
for them by tile committee which
reviewed requests and established the
goal of tile 1961 fund drive. The lone
exception is United Seaman's Service.
which will receive $63.50 instead of
the $60 budgeted for it, because of
individual donors' requests that their
contributions be credited to that agency.
As the 1961 fund campaign ended,
Governor Carter, wlho serves as Pres-
ident of the Canal Zone United Fund,
expressed his personal appreciation to
all volunteers who worked on the drive
and to the thousands of contributors
wlho have nade it possible for the par-
ticipating agencies to continue their
programs during the coming year.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW















f


My DEAn SON:
This is a big day for you. It's been a
long wait, but now you've passed the
test. Now you are a licensed driver.
According to the officer who tested
you, you are "pretty sharp." Your
written test proved that you've made a
careful study of the traffic regulations
and have absorbed a lot of knowledge
about safe driving.
But will you always be willing to
apply that knowledge?
You admire speed. W'e realize that
yon have been born into an age in which
speed is considered important. Millions
of dollars have been spent on freeways
and big highways, so we can get places
faster. Designers of automobiles have
done a great deal to make automobiles
safer. But excessive speed cannot be
made safe. It ranks with many diseases
as a destroyer of lives. It is more ruthless
than war. It leaves hopeless invalids and
broken hearts in its wake. It wipes out
entire families. And it has a scornful
disregard of who was at fault.
You've never been a coward, my son,
but I hope you have a healthy fear of
speed. You've never harbored hatred in
your heart, but I hope you hate the type
of person for whom speed is a god.
Are you ready to be a driver?
There will be times when you will
ben called "chicken" for not "dragging;"
or for not pushing your foot clear to the
floor, just to see how fast she will go.
If you have any manhood in you, these
childish dares will be easy to squelch.
Refusal to follow the crowd under such
circumstances is a testimony to your
matui itv, your adulthood.
"' .. lives will be entrusted to your
care: \Whn you take a girl on a date,
wlii \yo take younger children to
school, ihe you drive friends to foot-
ball ganes. I will be up to you to prove
wliat kind of person you really are and


a major test will be the care von use for
the benefit of others.
As a small boy, you learned to be
considerate of others. Being a good
driver is, to a large extent, a matter of
being considerate. No book on traffic
has vet been written that does not
embrace the words of the Golden Rule:
"Whatsoever ye would that men should
do to you, do ye even so to them."
People with little minds, people wiho
think it is cute to break a law, people
who have an artificial sense of bravery
because they aren't afraid of "cops,"
have no business behind the wheel of
a car. They feel that the law does
not apply to them. Their personalities
usually are warped by self-conceit.
arrogance, selfishness, and cowardice.
If the horsepower of an engine gives
you a false feeling of strength and
power, you are not ready to drive. Brain-
power is more important than horse-
power, and always will be. Your car
can be a means of transportation,
or it can become a deadly weapon. It
depends on you.
You and I were together one day
when an officer slowed us to a stop


because of an accident on the road
ahead. "Try not to look as you go by,"
he said. "It even turned my stomach."
You saw what he meant. Your face
mirrored shock. You were sickened by
the sight of what had been a handsome
car, an equally handsome man. All that
was left had to be hauled away-the
shattered body to a mortuary, the
smashed car to a junkyard.
You understood when we told you
that you had to wait for a driver's
license until you had earned and saved
the money to pay the extra cost of
insurance for a "male driver, under 25."
You are 17; other boys have driven
since they were 16. We are glad that
you understood our viewpoint. You
accepted responsibility as well as the
pleasure of driving. We love you too
much to turn you loose, unprepared, in
today's world of wheels. Decency and
competence are respected and demanded
of every driver, regardless of age. You
are no exception.
We, as your parents, have faith in
you, Son. \We know you would not will-
ingly hurt anyone. But remember, please
remember, that one careless moment in


-ACCIDENTS


FOR
THIS MONTH
AND
THIS YEAR

NOVEMBER


I-^




FIRST AID
CASES


i




DISABLING
INJURIES


DAYS
LOST


'61 -60 '61 '60 '61 '60
ALL UNITS 239 221 15 15 284 531
YEAR TO DATE 3288(397) 2659 126(4) 131 12888(58)15029
( ) Locks O)erhniul injillries Included in rotnl.


18 JANUARY 5, 1962


---SAFETY





Jor Yoau,



14, son






your driving niiglt mean crippling
injuries or death for someone.
And for my sake, don't let anything
happen to you, either. Think of others
wx hen you drive, and look out for them.
Not all of them care; not all of then
have the right to drive; not all of them
have the sense and sensitivity required
to appreciate or care about the damage
they can do. Don't let them hurt you.
Be ready to stop. Be ready to get
out of their way. Anticipate disaster
and avoid it.
When you step into a car, you no
longer are a bov, vou are an adult \with
adult responsibilities. You have been
granted a man's privilege; be a man in
the way you use it.
Mav God bring vou safely home,
always, my son.
Your loving FATHER.

(Continued frcm p. 16)
Executive Secretarx with report of the
circumstances involved.
Loss of Purchase Authority Cards.
Holders of purchase authority cards
shall, in accordance with instruction on
the card or other published instructions
on the subject, promptly report the loss
or theft of their card.
Use of Goods or Services Obtained
with Purchase Authority Cards. Goods
(except gasoline-see below) or services
obtained through the use of purchase
authority cards are for the personal use
of the person for whom the privilege is
authorized and or the wholly depen-
dent and legal members of his imme-
diate family actually residing with him.
("Personal use" is construed to include
the normal use of goods or services by
one's own servants or bona fide guests.)
Gasoline Purchases. Gasoline pur-
chased in Panama Canal Company
stations shall be used only in the vehicle
into which the gasoline is dispensed.
Such vehicles shall be operated only
by persons having purchase authority.
unless the vehicle is occupied by tlhe
owner or one of his dependents. Private
vehicles operated with gasoline pur-
chased in Canal Zone stations may not
he used for commercial purposes.
Excessive Purchases. Purchase of
quantities of any goods in excess of
normal needs or in excess of established
"maximum-sale quantities" is prohibited.
Canal Zone Retail Stores. Entrance
into Panama Canal Company retail
stores is restricted by law to pers:;ns
having authority to purchase therein.
Credit Information. Information for
credit purposes regarding an employee's
status, including information as to posi-
tion, salary, and length of service, wi!l
not be furnished to third persons except
pursuant to written authorization signed
by the employee concerned.

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19


cut wall into 18-ton slabs for removal from station.


BATTLING



A BLAST WALL


THE GREAT WALL of China mayx
have been far bigger in many ways, but
Canal engineers doubt that it was any
stronger or otherwise more solid than
a reinforced concrete "blast wall" now\
being removed from the Miraflores
Power Station.
The "great wall" of Miraflores is
8 feet thick. 24 feet high. and 76 feet
long. It was built at the beginning of
World War II to protect the three
diesel-electric generators housed at
Miraflores from bomb splinters.
Officials of the Maintenance Division,
faced with the task of removing the wall
to make room for twvo new I0,000-kilo-
watt gas turbogenerators, considered a
number of ways in which the wall could(
be demolished without tearing down
the whole power station building, but
finally settled on pneumatic drills.
Workmen now are cutting the "great
wall" into huge slabs of solid concrete,
each 4 feet wide, 8 feet thick, and
8 feet high. Sliced from the wall by use
of pneumatic drills, pried loose with
rock jacks, then lifted out with hoisting


equipment, each of the blocks weighs
approximately 18 tons.
\ork on the wall was started in
November and the Maintenance Divi-
sion reports it will take a work force of
10 men. working 8 hours a day, until
the end of February to completely
demolish the massive \wall.
The use of pneumatic drills was
decided on after several other possible
methods were rejected, including the
possibility of controlled blasting. Pain-
staking and time-consuming as it is, the
method being used is considered to be
the least expensive and dangerous. Con-
trolled blasting was rejected because of
the possibility of damage to the diesel
electric generator and other equipment
still housed in the power station on an
emergency, standby basis.
One of the two new gas turbo-
generators will be delivered in the Canal
Zone about September of this year. First
of their kind to be purchased by the
Canal, the two new units will increase
the polwer-generating potential in the
Zone by approximately one-third.


E








ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Eliseo Avila
Engineering Survey Aid
William Nurse
Floating Plant Water Tender
HEALTH BUREAU
Harold Boreland
Clerk
Wilbur C. Dunseombe
Supervisory Chemist


0_


MARINE BUREAU
Roy C. Stockham
Chief, Locks Division
George K. Hudgins
Pilot
Ernest S. Glasgow
Boatman
Gabriel James
Deckhand
Leonard V. MeLeod
Launch Seaman


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Ueaston A. Barclay
Dairy-Utility Leader


TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Eustace S. Lewis
Guard


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Pascual Moran
Laborer Cleaner
Julio C. Montes
Laborer Cleaner
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Rafael L. Medriek
Detention Guard
Juan A. Cazorla
Liaison Agent
Jack E. Smith
Police Private
Beryl Waller
Dressing loorn Attendant
Lester S. Chase
Detention Guard
Andrcs L6pez
Laborer Cleaner
Archie Manikas
Police Private
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Felipe K. Ben, Jr.
Civil Engineer
Harris A. Hinds
Clerk
Jos6 A. Ortega
Floating Plant Oiler
Louis Davis
Electrician
IHerman G. Myles
Oiler
Juan F. lHunt
Joiner
Lueiano Campbell
Helrer Electrician
George I). Beckles
Seaman
Ge(.ore W. Lambert
I e v"I aborer
los Aquino
emnan
ictcr Mt \irquez

Horneo I
Clerk Ti
Jorge Jimn
Seaman


HEALTH BUREAU
Daisy Thompson
Nursing Assistant
Albert S. Clarke
Nursing Assistant
Merries R. Panther
Formula Boom Attendant
Gaspar C. Loredo
Nursing Assistant
lenry W'. Francisco
Housekeeping Aid
Estel A. Burke
Clerk
IIumberto Paz
Medical Radiology Technician
TomAs Martinez
Heavy Pest-Cont Laborer
INTERN SE UR Y
O CE
Blanche A. Melntire
Personnel Security ) ci list
MARINE B REA Y
Roland C CCasauVna
Joiner
Jerome B. II ward
Ramp Opmr
Joseph C. Gagnon
Lock Operator Engineman
Paseual Gerardo
Helper Lock Operator
Rowan II. Bailey
Leck Operator Machinist
John R. McGlade
Lock Operator Machinist
Alfredo Coco
Helper Lock Operator
Daniel P&rez, Jr.
Helper Lock Operator
Jorge A. Coto
Deckhand
B. N. Marroquin
Helper Lock Operator
Jorge E. Pacheco
Seaman
Felipe A. Villalta
Floating Plant Oiler
George E. Mitchell
Lock Operator Machinist


Daniel B. Rambo
Lock Operator Iron
Worker-Welder
OFFICE OF TIHE
COMPTROLLER
William Raveneau
Bookeeping Machine
Operation Supervisor
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Cecile L. Demers
Qualifications Rating Clerk
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
James L hSjrley
Ylninistrat Assistant

erk
T nis Alfonso
Scrap Materialn S er
InI F. Facey j |
SRetail Store S es hecker
A\ stacio Rios
I er
Ihid.i Barnes R i
F S e Sales Checker
Winston II. Haughton
Leader Painter
Walford L. Archer
Grocery Worker
Lester A. James
Stock Control Clerk
Isoline Trotman
Sales Clerk
Luis Andri6n
Milk Cooling Machine
Operator
Gladvs A. Francis
Sales Clerk
Pearl M. Raymond
Retail Store Sales Checker
Anita C. Alexander
Sales Clerk
Jos6 L. Diaz
Electrical Equipment
Repairman
Rafael Ipina
Garbage Collector


Priscilla Smith
Sales Clerk
George A. Jaekman
\Warehouseman
Raymond A. Weeks
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Rieardo Aviles
Laborer
Daisy Walker
Food Service Sales Checker
Amelia Paddy
Housekeeping Assistant
Nora Jamieson
Sales Clerk
Gilberto Cabrera
Heavy Laborer
Apolonio Serrano
Stockman
Gabriel Villeda
Clerk
Margarito Cruz
Flame Scrap Cutter
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Theodore Forbes
Clerk-Typist
Daniel Labrence
Helper Machinist
Helen E. Chisholm
Accounting Technician
Peter IHotsko
Clerical Assistant
Leo M. Collymore
Truck Driver
Paseual Arosemena
High Lift Truck Operator
Donald A. Clarke
Clerk Checker
Victor Macea
High Lift Truck Operator
Oetavio Medina
Guard
Mary A. Baldwin
Accounts Maintenance Clerk
Pahlo Bonilla
Truck Driver
Richard G. Condon
Train Dispatcher


20 JANUARY 5, 1962








PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

November 10 through December 10


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between November 10 and
December 10 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Iarold L. Anderson, from Supervisory
Administrative Officer, to Administrative
Officer.
Mayra I. Caropresso, from Translator,
Typing, to Translator.
Elvera N. Breakfield, from Supervisory
Accounting Clerk, to Supervisory Cler-
ical Assistant, Printing Plant.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Bernard J. Craig, Jr., from Substitute
Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Police
Private, Police Division.
Eusebio Ortiz, from Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, to Firefighter,
Fire Division.
Jane A. Gruver, from Substitute Teacher,
to Elementary and Secondary School
Teacher, Division of Schools.
Postal Division
Robert S. Herr, from Administrative Aid
to Director of Posts, to Assistant Director
of Posts.
Joseph T. Kozlowski, from Window Clerk,
to Custodian, Postal and Philatelic Stock.
David C. Rose, from Air Mail Tour Fore-
man, to Mail Handling Unit Foreman.
Charles A. Mockus, from Distribution
Clerk, to Mail Handling Unit Clerk.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Dredging Division
John \V. Litton, Marine Machinist, from
Industrial Division.
Abe L. Lincoln, Claud M. Kreger, Stephen
L. Dukes, George T. Crook, Irom Leader
Core Drill Operator, to Leader Sub-
Aqueous Core Drill Operator.
Alejandro Montenegro, from Seaman, to
Launch Operator.
Juan Justiniani, Aristides L6pez, from
Heavy Laborer, to Seaman.
Jos o C6rdoba, from Laborer, Supply Divi-
sion, to Floating Plant Fireman.
Alejandro Gil, from Dock Worker, Ter-
mninals Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Morty K. Blanchard, from Seaman, to
Leader Seaman.
Cecil L. Miller, from Firefighter, Fire Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Vernon M. Findlater, from Floating Plant-
Boom Oiler, to Launch Operator.
Electrical Division
Stanwood O. Specht, from Supervisory
Operating Power Engineer, to Super-
visor, Mechanical Power System.
Beatriz A. Kwai Ben, Clerk-Typist, from
Wage and Classification Division.
Marguerite Runck, from Supervisory Typing
Clerk, to Clerical Typing Assistant.
avid C. Ryan, John A. Barbour, Harold
M. Fraser, from Lead Foreman Elec-
trician, to Lead Foreman Central Office
Repairman.
Alfred Tulle, from Electroplater, Limited,
to Electroplater.
Alherto L. Brown, from Messenger, Officer
of General Manager, Supply Division,
to Clerk.
Basil C. DeSousa, from Counter Attendant,
Supply Division, to Laborer Cleaner.


Maintenance Division
Jules A. Lelaidier, from Liquid Fuels
Gauger, Terminals Division, to Water
System Controlman.
Anthony R. Lombroia, from Lead Fore-
man Joiner, to General Buildings Fore-
man.
Albert II. Plumer, from Refrigeration and
Air Condition Mechanic, to Leader Re-
frigeration and Air Condition Mechanic.
Robert B. Grier, from Lock Operator Ma-
chinist, Locks Division, to Maintenance
Machinist.
William WV. Spencer from Lead Foreman,
Quarters Maintenance, to Leader Elec-
trician.
Bunnan S. Spangler, from Lead Foreman,
Hospital Maintenance, to Lead Foreman
Joiner.
Phra A. Ashby, from Lead Foreman, Hos-
pitat Maintenance, to Leader Plumber.
Arundel A. Hall, from Clerk, to Super-
visory Clerk.
Thomas McGowan, from Heavy Laborer,
to Helper Heavy Duty Equipment
Mechanic.
Matildo Tufi6n, from Dock Worker, Ter-
mninals Division, to Laborer.
Joseph E. Brown, from Railroad Trackman,
Railroad Division, to Laborer.
IEALTI BUREAU
Gorgas Hospital
Clifford A. Dottin, from Service Station
Attendant, Supply Division, to House-
keeping Aid.
David L. Matthews, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Kitchen Attendant.
Talhert Weeks, General Medical Tech-
nician, from Coco Solo Hospital.
Coco Solo Hospital
Enrique A. Brown, from General Medical
Technician, to Medical Technologist.
Jos6 Bermudez, Roy A. Watson, from Phar-
macy Helper, to Pharmacy Assistant.
Teresita Quir6s, from Clerk, to Clerk-
Typist.
Santiago S. Morrice, from Housekeeper, to
Lead Foreman Hospital Laborer.
Corozal Hospital
Eugcnio Beauville, from Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry, to Hospital Recreation
Assistant.
Gloria F. Atherley, from Seamstress, to
Production Seamstress.
MARINE BUREAU
Lionel M. Smith, from Helper Shipwright,
to Storekeeping Clerk, Industrial Divi-
sion.
Robert L. Husband, from Towboat or Ferry
Master, to Pilot-in-Training, Navigation
Division.
Locks Division
Peter J. Barr, from Fire Sergeant, Fire
Division, to Guard.
James E. Stuart, from Supervisory Store-
keeping Clerk, to Statistical Clerk.
William A. Muller, from Electrician, to
Lock Operator Electrician.
Norman Blandford, Carlos F. Master, Jose
Cerda, Antonio Jimenez, Gilberto Mora-
les, Henry O. Bailey, Alexander Johnson,
Toward L. McKenzie, Albert E. Waithe.
Juan Joseph, Julio Avila, from Helper
Lock Operator, to Line Handler.
Justo E. Jaslin, James S. Best, from Line
Handler, to Helper Lock Operator.
Fulgencio Martinez, Virgilio Vega, John


Lake from Heavy Laborer, to Line
Handler.
OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL
Paul T. Dunn, from General Attorney,
Admiralty, to General Attorney.
\V. Allen Sanders, from General Attorney,
Legislation, to General Attorney.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Grace E. aacVittie, from Travel Expense
Claims Examiner, to General Claims
Examiner.
Accounting Division
Manuel S. Rivera, from Office Machine
Operator, to Bookkeeping Machine
Operator.
Coolridge E. Scantlebury, from File Clerk,
to Accounting Clerk.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Ramiro Zaldivar, from Constable, Magis-
trate's Court, Cristobal, to Debt Coun-
selor.
Canal Zone Central Employment Office
Norman A. Eversley, from Clerk, Mainte-
nance Division, to Mail and File Clerk.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Supply Division
Clayton J. Auble, from Commissary Store
Manager, to Merchandise Management
Officer.
Michael S. Brzezinski, from Accounts Main-
tenance Clerk, Industrial Division, to
Accounting Assistant.
Alfred A. Shoy, from Stock Control Clerk,
to Clerk, Office of General Manager.
Silvano Batista, from Heavy Laborer, Com-
munity Service Division, to Baker.
Oliver E. Thorne, from Helper Optical
Worker, to Optical Worker.
Sadie D. Belle, from Clerk, to Office Ma-
chine Operator.
Alfred C. Drakes, from Storekeeping Clerk,
to Leader Stockman.
Sybil M. Miller, from Food Service Sales
Checker, to Stock Control Clerk.
Clifford A. Hylton, from Waiter, to Guest
House Clerk.
Ronald A. Johnson, from Pinsetter, to
Counter Attendant.
Ernesto C. Anderson, Lester J. Clement,
Leonard J. Blychanton, from Package
Boy to Utility Worker.
Harold E. Smith, Joslyn O. Barriteau, Alvin
II. Barber. Bradly A. Coartney, from
Package Boy to Sales Clerk.
Alton C. Grant, from Utility Worker, to
Counter Attendant.
Enid M. Dignam, from Sales Clerk and
Theater Ticket Seller, to Snack Bar
Operator and Ticket Seller.
Arthur S. Davis, from Package Boy to Mes-
senger, Office of General Manager.
Cecil WV. Haughton, from Warehouseman,
to Storekeeping Clerk.
Jose J. Estrada, from Heavy Laborer, to
Warehouseman.
Esteban J. Lowe, from Utility Worker, to
Baker.
Simeon Blake, from Waiter, to Utility
Worker.
Cayetano Carrasco, from Dairy Laborer, to
Milk Cooling Machine Operator.
Fulgencio P. Quifi6nes, from Storekeeping
Clerk, to Lumber Inspector Assistant.
(Sce p. 22)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Alfredo A. Gale, James Grant, from Utility
Worker, to Heavy Laborer.
Etelberto I. Alvarado, Carl E. Dunn
Moodie, Basil C. DeSousa, Naomi A.
MeLeod, from Utility Worker, to Counter
Attendant.
Cecilio A. Brown, from Packager, to 'Mes-
senger.
Floreneio G6mez, from Laborer Cleaner,
to Laborer.
Mavis R. Grant, from Storekeeping Clerk,
to Sales Clerk.
Vieent C. Forde, from Heavy Laborer, to
\arehouseman.
Alfred T. Soley, from Clerk, to Store-
keeping Clerk.
Agustin Martinez, from Service Station
Attendant, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Vincent George, from Pinsetter, to Utility
Worker.
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Terminals Division
Gregorio Chiari, Juan Becerra, Roy Gray,
Eustaquio A. Vega, from Dock Worker,
to High Lift Truck Operator.
Gerardo A. N6fiez, Rolfe \V. Burton, Do-
mingo Renteria, from Ship W\orker, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Gladstone 0. Brown, from Helper Liquid
Fuels Wharfman, to Truck Driver.
Jos6 M. Calder6n, Gabriel Ibarra, from
Dock Worker, to Ship Worker.
Clarence B. Glasgow, from Helper Liquid
Fuels Wharfman, to Oiler.
Aubrey Judge, from Heavy Laborer, to
Leader Heavy Laborer.
Motor Transportation Division
Lionel Thorne, from School Bus Driver, to
Motor Vehicle Dispatcher.
Hlmnberto E. Prez, from Truck Driver, to
School Bus Driver.
Jose Jones, from Automotive Equipment
Serviceman, to Truck Driver.
Alfonso Niles, from Service Station Oper-
ator, Supply Division, to Truck Driver.
George A. Thomas, Truck Driver, from
Locks Division.
Donald L. Greaves, Edgar R. Ellis, Junie
N. Scott, Charles A. Mullings, from Fire-
fighter, Fire Division, to Truck Driver.
Railroad Division
Francisco Castillo, from General Helper,
to Maintenance Carpenter.
Esteban Gonznlez, from Laborer, to Heavy
Laborer.
Roy R. Wilferd, from Road and Yard Con-
ductor, to Road and Yard Conductor
and Train Dispatcher.
Flo dl M. Jobnson, from Road and Yard
Conductor and Train Dispatcher, to
Train Dispatcher.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Hobert L. Snyder, Services Assistant to
Director of Posts, Postal Di\ision.
Fred N. Dabl, Employee Development
Officer, Office of General Manager,
Supply Division.
Wilfred R. Morris, Graduate Intern, Busi-
ncss Administration, Supply Division.
William C. Bailey, Finance Branch Super-
intendent, Postal Division.
Millard M. Coleman, Chief Engineer, Tow-
l ot or Dredging Division.
Gerard J. \\t kh., General Valuation Engi-
neer, Accoiunting Division.
Joseph II. Gray, Cargo Clerk, Terminals


About Former Employees


FORMER Panama Canal employees
have embarked on all manner of inter-
esting projects after leaving tile isthmus.
The projects have ranged from bridge
building in far-away places to laying
of chimney bricks on the family home-
stead in some tucked away corner of
New England. Retired Col. Henry A.
Starrett, a former retail store manager,
devoted himself to readying a museum
exhibit built around a model of one
of his grandfather's ships and family
treasures collected nearly a century
ago when clipper ships were touring
the world.
The ship model in the exhibit is of
the Frank N. Thaycr, built about 1S70
in Maine, and of which Henry Atherton
Starrett was master. His wife, son, and
daughter made the voyages with him, as
was customary in the '70s.
The model of the Frank N. Thayer,
handed down to the master mariner's
namesake, Colonel Starrett, was built
exactly to scale by Captain Starrett and
his daughter, Annie. It is of mahogany,
about 4 feet from bowsprit to stern, is
full-rigged, with pulleys, railings, and
a ladder made of ivory.

ACROSS half the widltl of the United
States in Wisconsin, another collection
by a former Panama Canal employee
made news headlines. This one was a
collection of books and pictures pre-
sented to the New Holstcin, W\is.,
Public Library from the estate of Mr.
andl Mrs. Edwx'ard Schildhauer of Santa
Monica, Calif. Mr. Schildhaner, who
was born near the Wisconsin town,
designed and patented the lock operat-
ing machinery and the system of electric
locomotives for towing ships through
the Panama Canal locks.
In 1906 he came to the Isthmus as
electrical and mechanical engineer for
the Isthmian Canal Commission, and
remained until after the opening of
the waterway.


Division.
George C. Smith, Ethelbert Scales, Sales
Clerk, Supply Division.
Kathleen D. Allwood, Duncan S. Wil-
liams, Jr., Rieardo R. Reefer, Utility
Worker, Supply Division.
I lereilia Forero, Sales Section Head, Supply
Supply Division.
Susan S. Smith, Supervisory Medical Tech-
nologist. Coco Solo Hospital.
Clara C. Baez, Maria E. DeYeaza, Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Accounting
Division.
David R. Bradshaw, Service Center Super-
visor, Supply Division.
MNagdrie R. Callender, Clerk-Typist, Divi-
sion of Schools.
William K. McCne, Nolan A. Bissell, Relief


Until recently the model was kept in
the Starrett homestead in Belfast, Maine.
Then the family decided to place it in
a museum, and the one at Rockland,
Maine, accepted it as the center of the
museum's marine exhibits. Various
members of the Starrett family con-
tributed articles to the exhibit. Saved
from seafaring days of yore, these
articles included shawls from China,
lace from Brussels, lacquer bowls, fur-
niture from Calcutta, ivory games and
puzzles, toys and dolls, and even a
revolver once used to quell a mutiny.
Colonel Starrett, who was born in
Belfast, Maine, was a Canal Zone retail
store manager from 1925 to 1941, when
he resigned to go on active duty as a
commissioned officer, stationed with the
Quartermaster Corps in the Canal Zone.
He retired from military service about
10 years ago and although he and
Mrs. Starrett still have not carried out
their plan to revisit the Isthmus, the)
keep up their Isthmian friendships
through correspondence.
Colonel and Mrs. Starrett reside in
Belfast, Maine, when they're at home.
Right now they're traveling in the Medi-
terranean area. How? By ship, naturally.

Many of the books in the collection
concern Panama, its history, and the
construction of the Canal. Two of the
volumes are on the construction plans
for Gatun Locks and Gatun Dam, one
volume being text while the other
contains the curves, diagrams, and
blueprints of the Canal.
In addition, the collection includes
three pictures framed in bamboo of
scenes on the Isthmus, a picture taken
from the air overlooking the Canal,
many photographs of the project, and
two personal albums.
Mr. Schildhauer died in 1953 and
Mrs. Schildhauer in 1961, after which
all books in his private collection per-
taining to the Panama Canal were
bequeathed to the New Holstein library.


Supervisor, Balboa, Postal Division.
Carroll E. Kocher, General Foreman, Mail
Handling Unit, Postal Division.
Robinson Caraquitos, llalden Thomas, Ge-
rardo Flores, Radames Ben, Te6fila
Badillo, Utility Worker, Supply Division.
Eugene Breakfield, Relief Supervisor, Postal
Division, Cristobal.
Daniel II. George, Apprentice Electrician,
Electrical Division.
David A. Phlatts, Bookkeeping Machine
Operator, Accounting Division.
Vietor Kourany, Theresa Austin, Estella A.
lHaynes, Clerk, Supply Division.
Lois I. Alexander, Clerk-Typist, Division
of Schools.
Rosario S. Capitelli, Procurement Agent,
Procurement Division, New Orleans, La.

22 JANUAnR 5, 1962















50 Years Ago
PLANS for the second census of tlhe
Canal Zone were completed in January
1912, with the headcount to start on
February I and expected to take about
2 months. The census was to include
enumeration of all residents of the Canal
Zone and all employees of the Canal
and Panama Railroad living in Colon.
Panama, Portobelo, and other points
outside the Canal Zone but in Isthmian
territory. The first census, completed in
mid-1908, showed a population in the
Zone of 50,003, of which 24,296 were
employed by the Canal or railroad.
It \ as reported that Isthmian weather
during 1911 had been characterized by
a general deficiency in rainfall, relative
humidity, and cloudiness, with total
rainfall being below normal at all sta-
tions. In Colon, rainfall for the year
totaled 112.75 inches, with rain being
recorded on 253 days. On the Pacific
side of the Isthmus, the rainfall was
64.10 inches, with rain being recorded
on 170 days. The Culebra station
reported 78.84 inches of rain for the
year and 189 days on which rain was
recorded.
The removal of the fourth and last of
the concrete placing cranes from Pedro
Miguel Locks began on January 30.


RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of December to
the employees listed below, with their
positions and years of Canal service:
Frank J. Aspesi, Towing Locomotive Oper-
ator, Locks Division; 17 years.
Epifanio Barsallo, Heavy Laborer, Mainte-
nance Division; 34 years, 5 months,
11 days.
Felicito Batista, Heavy Laborer, Mainte-
nance Division; 35 years, 2 months,
4 days.
Charles Brown. Laborer Cleaner, Conm-
munity Services Division; 23 years,
9 months, 21 days.
Martin A. Bugalski, 2nd Assistant Engi-
neer, SS "Cristobal," Water Transporta-
tion Division; 29 years, 23 days.
Amar Chand, Dock Worker, Terminals
Division; 31 years, 5 months, 26 days.
Estella L. Clayton, Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry, Corozal Hospital; 34 years,
10 months, 9 days.
Cecilia Croker, Laundry Checker, Supply
Division; 40 years, 5 months, 12 days.
Elsie Z. Ilalliwell, Elementary and Sec-
ondary School Teacher, Division lof


CANAL



HISTORY

The crane, which had been used in the
east chamber, was to be moved to
Miraflores for use in the east chamber
of the lower lock. The side and center
walls of Pedro Miguel Locks were
practically complete.
The visit to the Isthmus on January 10
of retired Lt. Cen. Sir Robert Baden-
Powell of the British Army, founder of
the Boy Scout movement, resulted in a
revival of interest in the movement on
the Canal Zone. It was reported that
75 Scouts were enrolled in the Zone.

25 Years Ago
THE ANNUAL appropriation for the
Panama Canal was reduced more than
a half-million dollars from the level of
the previous year by President Roosevelt
in his budget message to Congress.
The budget for fiscal year 1937, as
established in the budget message, was
88,519,000, compared to $9,149,201
for 1936. Of the total. $6,361,000 was
marked for maintenance and operation
of the waterway, while $2,15S,000 was
lor improvements and construction.
It was announced that traffic through
the Canal in November and December
1936 showed a decided decrease from
the level of previous months as a result
of a shipping strike which had paralyzed


Schools; 32 years, 24 days.
Fitzgerald Henry, Laborer Cleaner, Com-
mnmity Services Division; 37 years,
10 months, 23 days.
George A. Henry, Carpenter, Maintenance
Division; 46 years, 2 months, 1 day.
Septimus James. Leader Boatman, Locks
Division: 39 years, 3 days.
Juan Mendez, Laborer Cleaner, Commu-
nity Services Division; 43 years, 9 days.
Ralph II. Otten. General Architect, Engi-
neering Division; 22 years, 1 month,
6 days.
Beresford Phillips, Cement Finisher. Mlain-
tenance Division; 35 years, 9 months,
17 days.
Albert E. Prince, Storekeeping Clerk,
Supply Division; 39 years, 11 months,
4 days.
John Simms, Deckhand, Port Captain's
Office, Cristobal; 24 years, 3 months,
21 days.
John A. Sterling, Cement Finisher, Main-
tenance Division; 28 years, 9 days.
Richard Connell, Oiler Floating Plant,
Dredging Division; 47 years, 6 months.
Manuel Salazar, Line Handler, Terminals
Division; 16 years, 11 months, 2 days.


ocean traffic on the west coast of the
United States since October. It was
estimated that the strike cost the Canal
more than $1 million in tolls.
One of the most severe slides in a
number of years occurred in the Cut on
the night of January 14, following an
unusual January cloudburst which
flooded Balboa with a record dry season
rainfall of 2.06 inches in I hour. The
slide narrowed the channel to 100 feet
in one section. Traffic was delayed only
1,2 hours to permit examination, but
two Canal dredges started work imme-
diatelv to remove the slide material
from the channel.

10 Years Ago

THE SELECTION of William H.
Dunlop as Finance Director for the
Canal enterprise and approval of plans
to establish a Comptroller's Office to
supersede the existing Management
Division were announced at Balboa
Heights in January 1952, following the
annual meeting of the Panama Canal
Board of Directors.
The reorganization of the Panama
Canal administrative machinery the year
before necessitated basic changes in the
fiscal structure of the enterprise and
development of an appropriate corpo-
rate accounting system to provide cost
data necessary to determining tolls and
other rates charged for goods and serv-
ices provided by the Panama Canal
Company, President Truman told Con-
gress in his budget message. The Pres-
ident said plans called for all rates for
goods and services, except tolls paid
by vessels, to be increased enough by
March to put the Company's operations
on a self-sustaining basis.

1 Year Ago

RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone were
getting ready for their traditional par-
ticipation in Isthmian Carnival events,
with plans announced for raising of the
blue and white flag in the Zone early
in February.
The John F. Wallace, first of the Pan-
ama Canal's three new and more poower-
ful tugs arrived at Cristobal early in the
month. The new vessel had participated
in a rescue mission involving a group of
Cuban refugees off the coast of Florida
during her trip from Savannah, Ca., to
the Zone.


TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW'


RETIREMENTS









Sill


PP


Navigation Chief Named
CAPT. CLAUDE S. FARMER, USN,
Balboa Port Captain, has been appointed
Chief of the Navigation Division, in
addition to his duties as Port Captain.
The office of Chief of the Navigation
Division recently was reactivated by
Governor Carter.
In his additional position, Captain
Farmer will be responsible to Capt.
Richard G. Jack, Marine Director, for
all matters solely or chiefly concerned
with the transiting of ships through the
waterway, except operation of the locks.
One of the new duties to be handled
by the office of the Chief of the Naviga-
tion Division is examination for and
issuanee of licenses for private small-
boat operators. Administrative details
concerning such licenses, which are


I *s 'c9


required for all persons operating any
type of inboard or outboard motorboat
in Canal Zone waters, previously were
handled in the Office of the Marine
Director.
New Bulk Carrier
THE 35,000-deadweight-ton bulk
carrier Janecke Maersk, first of two
vessels of its type to be ordered in Japan
by A. P. Moller of Copenhagen, was
due to arrive at the Canal the last part
of December on her maiden voyage
from Japan to Norfolk.
The two vessels reportedly were
ordered under a long-term charter with
Japanese iron and steel companies to
carry coal from the United States
east coast to Japan.
The ship was built at the Tsurumi
Shipyard of Nippon Kohan, where the
keel of the sister ship also was laid.
The second ship is due for delivery in
February. C. B. Fenton & Co. repre-
sents the Maersk Line at the Canal.
Liberte To Transit
THE FORMER French liner Liberte,
one of the world's largest ocean liners,
will arrive at the Panama Canal during
the last part of January as a dead tow
an her way to the west coast of the
United States.
At Seattle, the once proud member
of the French Line fleet will be used as
a floating hotel, restaurant, and theater
for visitors to the Seattle World's Fair,
which opens in April.


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN NOVEMBER
1960 191
Commercial ...... 859 8(
U.S. Government .. 18
Free.............. 11
Total .. ....... .. 888 9:


TOLLS *
Commercial. .... $4,303,756
U.S. Government. 75,508
Total .... $4,379,264
CARGO"


$4,444,586
77,726
$4,522,312


Commercial..... 5,163,010 5,232,796
U.S. Government. 36,598 99,216
Total.... 5,199,608 5,332,012
SIncludes tolls on all vessels. ocean-going and small.
"Cargo figures are in long tons.

Tile ship, which was sold to the
Northwest Leasing Co. of Seattle for
$2.5 million, is to leave Le Havre on
January 15 for her long trip from
Europe. She will be towed the entire
distance.
The 51,839-ton ship has sailed under
three flags-German, United States, and
French. She has been sunk and raised
twice during her long career. The first
sinking occurred in 1928 when she was
being fitted out in Bremen for her
maiden voyage as the North German
Lloyd liner Europe. The second sinking
was in 1946 at Le Havre, just before
being taken over by the French. She
has been in service with the French
Line since 1952 and made her last
trans-Atlantic voyage in November from
New York to France.


A RECENT ADDITION to the world fleet of superships which must be classified as
"clear Cuts" for passage through the Panama Canal recently transited the waterway on
her maiden voyage from Japan, where she was built in the Kure Shipyards. The vessel,
named the Ore Venus, was constructed for National Bulk Carriers. She is 751 feet long
and 102 feet wide. The photograph at the bottom indicates her lengllh in comparison to
the 1,000-foot long chambers of the Canal locks, while the narrow ribbon of water along-
side her in the photo at left shows how snugly she fitted between the lock walls, with only
4 feet to spare on each side. She was represented at the Canal by Panama Agencies.


JANUARY 5, 1962


N


G




Full Text

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES

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Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie126pana

PAGE 7

;"soCiAt 1 /

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\V. A. Cai TriorPresident \V. P. Leber, Lieutenant Governor Will Arey I nformation Officer Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope.Caml Zone X. D. Christensen, Press Officer Joseph Connor, Publications Editor Editorial Assistants: Eunice Richard and Tobi Bittel WiiiiAM Burns, Official Photographer lie at all Pan. 'enters. Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days alter publication date at S cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights. C. Z. Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C. Z. Index THE BRIDGE WORKMEN shown on this month's cover eating their lunch while perched on girders of the Thatcher Ferry Bridge superstructure simply don't take time away from thenjobs to eat in more mundane surroundings, although elsewhere mi the bridge there are less precarious spots in which to enjoy a sandwich and diermos of coffee or a soda. A much mure inviting spot, at least to anyone dizzied by heights— which the bridge steel workers obviously are not— would seem to be at the uppermost levels of the bridge, where forms being readied to receive the concrete decking of the structure offer broad, solid expanses such as that pictured above. The forms, utilizing plvwood as a base, are held in place by heavy wooden erossmembers underneath, much in the fashion of the floor supports in a frame house. After the concrete decking is poured and allowed to cure, the wooden erossmembers will be unbolted from the hangers which hold them and the plywood base between the steel girders. The erossmembers and plvwood linn will be removed, leaving only the concrete and steel ol which the entire bridge is to be constructed. As December came to an end, the steel superstructure of the bridge \\ as beginning to take shape above the water of the Canal, but the eventual shape of the soaring structure still was only barely indicated by the steel in place. Officials say the upward swoop of the superstructure probably will begin to take shape in about 2 months. Continuing Progress and Service Better Jobs ( lommunit) I leadership. It's Breakwater Duty for Spoil. New Equipment for RailroadVisitors Fun For All People iployee Conduct Worth Knowing For You, \I\ Son Battling a Blast Wall Anniversaries Promotions and Transfers Vboul Former Employees i I [istor) Retirements Shipping 6 S 9 10 11 14 15 IT is 19 20 21 22 23 January 5, 1962

PAGE 9

Message from Governor Carter Continuing Progress and Service In Year Ahead AS WE ENTER a new year, every member of the Company/Government organization can look back with pride to a year during which modernization of the waterway continued to be a major concern of all, second only to operation and maintenance of die Canal itself. We also can reflect with pleasure and appreciation on the cordiality and friendly interchange between die people of the United States and those of the Republic of Panama, as citizens of the two countries continued to conduct the day-to-day business and social relationships which have marked life on the Isthmus for more than half a century. Rut as we view diese things with rightful pride, we also will be looking ahead to plans for the coming year and bevond, as improvements now in progress increase the capacity of the present waterwav to the maximum possible. The Roard of Directors of the Panama Canal Company, headed bv Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, jr., will be considering these facts as they meet on the Isthmus January 20 and view the progress of the improvements now in progress. Among those improvements are the widening of Gaillard Cut from 300 to 500 feet, approximately half completed as the year ended; the first of the new, more powerful towing locomotives built to replace the aging machines now in use; houses completed and under construction in the continuing effort to improve housing for Canal employees living in the Zone; progress on the new Gorgas Hospital building; modifications made at the locks to permit installation of the new towing locomotives and to reduce lane outage time during overhauls; the sightseeing launch Las duces, acquired to provide an adequate means for visitors and sightseers to view the Canal and its operation; the three new and more powerful tugs now in service; and the soaring superstructure of the Thatcher Ferry Rridge now rapidly taking shape. This year, we should see the Thatcher Ferry Rridge completed, along with the improved and widened highways which will serve to carry traffic to and across it. We also should see the final contract awarded for widening of Gaillard Cut. Thus, as we complete another year of service to world shipping, we can reiterate the tribute recently paid to Federal employees by the U.S. Civil Service Commission in preparation for observing the 79th anniversary of die Civil Service Act which President Chester A. Arthur signed into law on January 16, 1S83: "The Federal employee can take satisfaction in knowing that he is one of a corps that have been picked for their competence, that continue in employment because they continue to demonstrate that competence in their work. He can also take satisfaction in die fact that Government has developed an up-to-date personnel system, complete with employee benefits and privileges, that compares favorably with the practices of progressive private industry. And he can take pride in serving a Government that is the leader of the Free World." All these statements apply to the men and women who work for the Canal enterprise, who through their efforts and competence, continue to serve the needs of world shipping while laboring to keep the waterwav abreast of the needs of global commerce, with its ever-increasing movements of materials in larger and larger vessels over the oceans of the world, and through the Panama Canal. The Panama Canal Review

PAGE 10

A n umber of employees in the Payroll and Machine Accounting Branch have gained their positions and pay through special training. BETTER JOBS There are many opportunities for employees THERE IS a constant process of change and improvement in the wages, hours, and working conditions of Company/Government employees through a continuous process of individual advancement and periodic general revisions in pay scales and fringe benefits by Congressional action. The broad, general improvements provided from time to time by legislative authority are designed to keep benefits and privileges of Government employees similar to those enjoyed by workers in progressive private industry, while the advancement of individuals is designed to properly compensate i mployees for the work they do. Within the framework of the Canal /.one Merit System there is considerable i unity for individuals to earn promotions and or transfers to better, more ding :ind desirable positions or levels. The amount of movement i the ranks of the Company/ more than 14,000 employei indicated by the fact that approxii lately 1,400 promotions and transfers mi ring pay increases were processed by the Personnel Bureau during 1961. This advancement of individual employees comes about primarily in two basic ways under the Canal Zone Merit System: Promotion of an employee to a more responsible, better-paying position; or reclassification of the position an employee occupies because additional duties and/or responsibilities have been added to it. There are a number of ways in which these changes can come into being, but, in general, promotions usually occur through the normal process of filling vacancies created by retirements, resignations, or addition of new positions, and bv establishment of similar but more responsible positions through reorganization of the duties associated with a given position, often through realinementof the work being performed by a given unit. The recent promotion of Alejandro Montenegro, 37-year-old Panamanian, to the position of launch operator in the Dredging Division is fairly typical of the processes by which individuals move up to more responsible, betterpaying positions as the result of additional skills learned while employed in other positions. Mr. Montenegro first was employed by the Canal in December 1941 as a laborer with the Building Division. During World War II, he worked at Madden Dam in a variety of positions, finally settling into a job as palancaman in 1947. In the years he has spent at Madden Dam and Lake, he has learned much about the operation of launches and in April 1961 was transferred to the Dredging Division as a seaman. His long familiarity with launch operation led to his promotion to launch operator in November, the position having been added to provide additional launch service required by increased dredging operations in Gaillard Cut. Although Mr. Montenegro's promotion finally occurred because of the creation of an additional position, the reason that he was selected rather than someone else was the knowledge of launches which he had acquired over the years. Much of the responJanuary 5, 1962

PAGE 11

sibility for earning the promotion was, therefore, his. Not so well understood as the factors influencing promotions is, perhaps, the fact that the individual employee also has considerable influence on whether or not the position he occupies eventually is reclassified at a higher pay level. This frequently happens because an employee handles his originally assigned workload so efficiently that he is able to undertake new and additional responsibilities, thus doing a better job for the unit employing him and, at the same time, adding to the duties of the position. When these additional responsibilities are recognized officially the position is evaluated higher than originally. Thus the employee benefits by being advanced to the, higher grade level for which the new evaluation calls. Typical of such a change is that recently made in the grade level of teletype operator positions in the Marine Bureau. These jobs, which recently were reevaluated in a job study, were found to be more difficult than when the original grade level for them was established, rjrimarily because of the value added to them by the resourcefulness and ability of the incumbents. Consequently, the positions were reclassified at a higher grade level and each of the employees filling the jobs will, in future, make several hundred dollars more per year than they have in the past. New and improved methods of performing certain tasks constantly are occurring in the Company/Government organization as new equipment, materials, and procedures make it possible to alter former ways of doing things. It is this type of change which is included in the recently announced plan for better utilization of deckhands who are employed by the Canal to work aboard transiting vessels. The new plan calls for the deckhands to be aboard the vessels only during the approach, passage through, and departure from the locks. Each group of deckhands will work on several ships each day instead of staying aboard from the beginning to the end of the transit. As a result of the change in operating methods, deckhands will, in the future, enjoy a number of benefits which they did not previously have, including a 40-hour work week, overtime and holiday pay, and regularly scheduled days off. Implementation of the plan also will create nearly 50 new positions in the Marine Bureau which will require higher skills than those demanded of deckhands. These new positions, which include those of launch operator, launch seaman, timekeeper, and supervisory personnel, will be compensated for at a higher rate of pay. The plan will reduce the number of deckhands required under present operational methods, but will replace part of the lost positions with these better-paying positions. Each month's report of promotions and transfers in the Canal organization, reflects the variety of changes which constantly are being made within the ranks of Company/Government employees. The very variety of them is indicative of the numerous opportunities afforded employees for advancement and improvement in their individual positions, adding to both their income and skills as they move from one step to another in the upward climb to the top in their line of work. Albert Mootoo, 29-year-old Panamanian, is only one of many employees who watch and prepare for opportunities which come their way. Mr. Mootoo had been employed by the Canal organization for several years and had proved himself an able and valuable employee as a clerk in the Supply and Community Service Bureau, when he saw an opportunity to move into machine accounting work in the payroll branch. Seeking the job, he took an aptitude test which showed he was ably fitted for the work. He was offered and accepted a transfer to the new position, even though he received no immediate increase in pay by doing so. Within a year, however, he had advanced two grades and had virtually doubled his previous salary. Still seeking to improve his knowledge and qualifications for more responsible positions in the future, Mr. Mootoo has, for the past several semesters, been taking accounting courses at the Canal Zone Junior College on his own time. Like many other employees who use their leisure time to improve their skills and abilities, Mr. Mootoo's attendance at Junior College is being sponsored by the Company/ Government under the Tuition Refund Program. Under this program, employees pursuing approved, job-related courses of study have their tuition refunded by the Company/ Government upon successful completion of the course or courses. Efforts are being made to have more employees take advantage of the opportunities offered by this program. Many of the employees of the Company/Government are aided in their upward climb by apprenticeships and training of various kinds conducted or sponsored by the Canal organization. Employees are kept advised of the various opportunities offered for such training from time to time and are urged to take advantage of them to improve their skills and thus advance their own self-interest. A major indication of the results of the operation of the Canal Zone Merit System and the benefits accruing to employees by application of it and the Canal Zone wage plan throughout the organization is the fact that more than 500 non-U. S. -citizen employees of the Canal organization now are occupying U.S. wage base positions, compared with 141 at the time the Merit System was instituted in February 1959, less than 3 years ago. Hector E. Taylor, traffic control clerk in Balboa Port Captain's office, is one of those benefiting from a recent position upgrading. The Panama Canal Review

PAGE 12

Ellis L. Fawcett Paraiso /fc* f^ Adrian M. Bouche, Jr. Pacific RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone live in a community which is unique and somewhat strange to those accustomed to life in the United States or other republics of the Free World. In the Zone, there are no politics, no home rule, no local taxes, no private ownership of real property—all things which are very much a part of community life in the States. The democratic traditions and Freedoms enjoyed for so many years by residents of the republics from which Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government workers are recruited are deep rooted and wholesome, however, and the Canal organization is interested in perpetuating these traditions among Zone residents and thus creating greater community harmony, cooperation, and participation. ["here arc, to be sure, many similarities between the Canal Zone and communities in the United States, with many institutions such as churches, patriotic organizations, and others functioning much as they do in the United There also are stores, homes, schools, courts, and similar institutions which are operated in the Zone. The i of free government is for 1 1 H peopli o have a means by which the) can, without violence, direct, alter, or modify the operation of the tradiCOMMUNITY LEADERSHIP C\ \ Arthur W. Davis Pedro Miguel tional republican forms of government. But the Canal Zone is a special-purpose area with no local political status, no legislature other than the U.S. Congress, and no indigenous population. Its civilian population consists almost exclusively of employees of the executive branch of the U.S. Government and their families. Under these circumstances, the employees engaged in the Panama Canal enterprise have no direct, local political means of influencing the governmental operations in their home communities. To overcome this built-in obstacle to home rule, each Zone community has an elected Civic Council which provides an effective channel of communication between the administration and residents of the Zone, and is a guiding hand in main community endeavors. Although those in charge of the administration of the Canal Zone are answerable only to higher authority in the Federal Government and are not directly answerable to the residents of the Zone, it is the sincere desire and objective of the local governing authorities in the Zone to encourage local, democratic participation in community life. A major means of achieving this is through official recognition of and eooperation with the Civic Councils. Arnold S. Hudgins Gamboa Elections for delegates to the various Councils are held by the communities each year, with part of each group of Council members being replaced and others retained to provide a continuity in service and experience in the membership. It is the responsibility of the individual community to establish its own Council and a constitution and bylaws for it. Presidents of the nine CivicCouncils in Company/Government townsites are pictured on these pages. In addition to the various officers of the Councils, each of them selects representatives to serve as delegates to meetings which are scheduled periodically with the Governor of the Canal Zone to discuss matters of interest to one or more of the communities. These meetings often provide a convenient time and place for the Governor to seek opinions on proposed plans or to announce new programs which will affect Zone residents and be of interest to them. The meetings also provide an opportunity for the Council representatives to ask questions or make requests. A major item of business lor the various Civic Councils have been proposed changes in housing regulations, including the basis on which housing is assigned. A few months ago, for example. Governor Carter sought the 6 January 5, 1962

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Civic Councils provide Zone residents with voice in local affairs and activities. Wilfred E. Barrow Rainbow City advice and opinions of the Civic Councils before establishing new regulations governing assignments. In addition to the executive sessions between the Governor and the designated Civic Council representatives, there also are periodic community meetings in the various townsites to provide residents of the community with an opportunity to participate directly in this phase of the Civic Council program. Questions and requests submitted to the Governor in these meetings frequently are answered on the spot, but if further information is needed on which to base an answer, the Governor normally refers the matter to the appropriate officials of the Company Government for studv and recommendation. Supplied with this information and. perhaps, further informed on the subject bv personal investigation, the Governor or a designated representative addresses an answer to the Civic Councils concerned, giving them detailed reasons behind the reply and, usually, if the answer is negative, suggesting that the request be renewed if anything has been overlooked which the Council believes should have been considered. Areas of special and particular interest to the Civic Councils of the various communities are very similar in nature Henning J. Spilling Gatun E. W. Brandt Coco Solo to those of governing bodies in Stateside communities. Schools, recreation activities and facilities, traffic, hospital services, housing needs of residents, and many other matters involving the general health and welfare of the community are their primary concern. Governor Carter has taken a lead in urging the Civic Councils to become even more active in the affairs of thenrespective communities. He has suggested that they should take an interest in such things as welcoming new residents to the community, scheduling and otherwise planning recreation activities, and, in general, in arousing interest in community events of all kinds. Civic Councils, providing "grass roots" listening posts as they do, have influenced hundreds of decisions over the years, ranging from matters involving housing through such things as the location of bus stops in Rainbow City, the establishment of school bus shelters in Pacific side communities, studies and occasional changes in traffic regulations, efforts to provide local registration of U.S. citizenship for children born here, and numerous other matters, including the hours of operation of service centers and retail stoics. The principal officers of the nine Civic Councils in the Zone who have Mrs. Doris R. Sanders Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights Kenneth Haughton Santa Cruz been named to serve during the current year are as follows: Coco Solo: E. W. Brandt, president; Mrs. Majel E. Reinheimer, first vice president; Mrs. Lorraine Currier, second vice president. Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights : Mrs. Doris R. Sanders, president; Mrs. Louise E. Griffon, representative to Governor's Conference. Gamboa: Arnold S. Hudgins, president; Donald J. Connor, vice president. Gatun: Henning J. Spilling, president; William T. Clute, first vice president. Pacific side: Adrian M. Bouche, Jr., president; James J. O'Donnell, vice president. Paraiso: Ellis L. Fawcett, president; Eric S. Oakley, vice president; S. D. Callender, representative to Governor's Conference. Pedro Miguel: Arthur W. Davis, president; Cleveland Roberts, representative to Governor's Conference. Rainbow City: Wilfred E. Barrow, president; Seabert Haynes, vice president; Astor N. Lewis, representative to Governor's Conference. Santa Cruz: Kenneth Haughton, president; Christopher T. Cox, vice president; Louis G. Small, representative to Governor's Conference. The Panama Canal Review 7

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Canal tugboat moves through Miraflores Locks with loaded barge during late evening lull in ship traffic. 3t J breakwater Jbuty far Spoil WHEN STRONG BREEZES come sweeping from the south and west across the broad expanses of the Pacific, waves pile up and come smashing into the Isthmian shoreline and the Pacific entrance to the waterway. The freshly placed spoil for the breakwater extension, dumped at high tide, rises just above the water during low tide. It later will be raised to level of that in foreground. The waves, although only occasional, create a problem at the pier on Naos Island where Canal pilot launches are docked. The breakwater which partially guards the pier area from the waves does not provide complete protection and at times the launches docked there have been battered rather severely. It even has been necessary to remove the launches to a calmer spot at times. Now all this is being changed. Tons and tons of stone from the Cut-widening project now are being hauled to the site and dumped to extend the Naos breakwater an additional 300 feet in a curving loop, which, it is believed, will provide much better protection for the pier area. Scows loaded with suitable rock spoil from the Cut-widening work are moved south through Pedro Miguel and Miraflores Locks late at night to avoid any interference with ship traffic, then are towed to the breakwater for dumping at high tide. After the scows have dumped the base for the breakwater extension, more spoil will be piled atop it to raise the extension to the level of the existing breakwater, thus completing the task and providing an encircling arm of stone on which the waves can vent their force, leaving the pier and the launches docked there virtually undisturbed. 8 January 5, 1962

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New Equipment for Railroad One of 15 new boxcars purchased by Panama Railroad is unloaded. First locomotives bought in decade to be delivered this year NEW EQUIPMENT is the order of the day for the Panama Railroad, the Western Hemisphere's oldest transcontinental rail line. During recent weeks, the railroad has put 15 new, all-steel boxcars into service, received a new mobile machine for use in track maintenance work, and ordered the first new locomotives to be purchased by the railroad in a decade. The new, 50-ton boxcars, purchased to replace obsolete equipment, were built in Mexico by Constructora Nacional de Carros de Ferrocarril and shipped to the Isthmus aboard the Cristobal. The last of the 15 cars arrived on the Isthmus just before Christmas and already has been put into service. The new mobile maintenance machine, known as a Kershaw ballast regulator, is designed to eliminate the hand spreading of ballast on the roadbed and right-of-way and also can be used to reshape the banks along each side of the right-of-way. Equipped with extensions on each side which can scarify and reshape the banks alongside the track, the first job of the new device was to perform such work along the track from the Miraflores Tunnel to Corozal. The new locomotives ordered by the railroad are 1,200-horsepower, dieselelectric engines for use in switching operations. They will replace five 20-year-old, 1,000-horsepower engines now being used in switching work. A contract for the new engines, which will cost $412,000, recently was awarded to General Motors Overseas Operations. They are to be delivered to the Isthmus in July of this year. The new engines will be approximately 45 feet in length, will have the engineer's cab in the rear, and will be more economical to maintain than the engines now in use. They are of a standard type used in the United States. The last locomotives acquired by the Panama Railroad were bought in 1951. They were three 1,600-horsepower diesel-electric engines designed for both road and switching duty. Still in use as passenger train engines on the Isthmian line, the 1951 locomotives were built by American Locomotive Co. of New York. Railroad's new ballast regulator was put to work scarifying and reshaping sides of right-of-way. The Panama Canal Review

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VISITORS FOR CENTURIES, the Isthmian crossing has attracted visitors from throughout the world. It continued to exert its magnetic attraction last month, as the annual influx of tourists and other travelers started. High on the list of those visiting the Zone in the pre-holiday period were Francis Cardinal Spellman, Military Vicar for the Catholic personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States and Arehibishop of New York, and Congressman and Mrs. George E. Shipley of Illinois. Cardinal Spellman included a visit to military patients at Gorgas Hospital in his busy 2-day schedule of activities in the Zone and the Republic of Panama. Accompanied by Canal Zone Governor Carter, the Prince of the Catholic Church demonstrated the amiability and kindly understanding for which he has become known throughout the U.S. Armed Forces, as he and other members of the party visited patients in both the medical and surgical wards of the hospital, with Cardinal Spellman stopping to chat brieflv with each of 29 military patients. Congressman and Mrs. Shipley, who arrived on the Isthmus December 9 for a 1-week stay, were conducted on an extensive tour of Canal installations by Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber. Near the end of their stay, the Congressman and his wife accompanied Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Leber to the annual Agricultural, Industrial, and Livestock Fair at Penonome, Republic of Panama. The Lieutenant Governor attended the opening of the fair as the official representative of Governor Carter, who was unable to attend because of other commitments. Francis Cardinal Spellman, Governor Carter, Col. Edward Sigerfoos. and Miss Beatrice H. Simonis during tour of Gorgas Hospital. Lieutenant Governor Leber looks on as Congressman Shipley signs visitors register at La Boca model and briefing room. Mrs. Shipley is greeted by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari at Penonome, as U.S. Ambassador to Panama Joseph S. Farland and other visitors look on. 10 January 5, 1962

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Edward Michaelis, one of 4 members of locks security force who serve as bilingual tour guides, explains lock operation to visiting couple. FUN FOR ALL Many activities available here for residents and visitors ARRIVAL of the Isthmian dry season, which coincides with the tourist season of January through March, is the signal for a resumption of many activities which are curtailed or, at least, dampened during the 8 or 9 months of rainy weather. While snow blankets the northern regions, forcing most athletic types to move inside for such spectator sports as basketball. Isthmians are preparing to move outside for the start of the professional baseball season— and dozens of other outdoor pursuits from planting dry season farm crops to family picnics. And as many Stateside fishermen huddle beside a small hole cut through the inches-thick ice of a lake, their Isthmian counterparts break out their fishing gear to match wits with the finned ones under the searing rays of a tropical sun. Isthmian youngsters look forward to the sunny, rainless days which normally start in December and run through April so they can indulge in the worldwide childhood sport of sliding downhill. Rut, whereas in the north this sport utilizes snow and steel-runnered sleds, its Isthmian cousin substitutes the slippery dead grass of a handy slope for the snow of the northland and a fallen palm frond in place of the sled. Stargazing, too, is a favorite dry season activity on the Isthmus, the virtually moisture-free atmosphere providing a clear view of the stellar bodies, which generally are obscured during the rainy season. To accommodate those interested in the planets, constellations, and other wonders of space, the Miraflores Observatory will open for its annual dry season schedule of two evenings per week, starting this month. Each evening will include a brief lecture and a chance for visitors to view the skies through the observatory's telescope. Arrival of dry season and the activities which are peculiarly a part of it does not, however, signal the end of rainy season activities, of which there are many on the Isthmus, a number of them sponsored by the Company Government. Among the year-round activities The Panama Canal Review 11

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Work on widening Gaillard Cut can be seen during a trip aboard launch Las Cruces. organized, sponsored, or otherwise activel) carried on through the Company Government and its units, are visits to the locks which lift and lower ships on their transits, cruises through Gaillard Cut aboard the sightseeing launch Las Cruces, visits to Summit Gardens and Contractors Hill, and, of course, the transcontinental operations of the Panama Railroad. Some of these activities can be indulged on most any day and at any time, while others require special advance arrangements or planning, some being available on only certain days or during onl\ certain hours of the day. Whatever your interests in the Zone, however, one or more of these activities can supply you and your family with entertainment and enjoyment. Visits to the locks are one of the favorite activities of young and old alike, even among those who have been residents of the Canal Zone for many years and have visited the locks man) times. As the) will tell you, there is something endlessly fascinating about seeing huge ships quietly and i-fiortli ssK lifted or lowered from one level to another. Visiting hours for the general public .it Miraflores and Gatun Locks are from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, for either groups if several persons or a single individual making a casual visit. Bilingual tour guides from the locks security forces are on duty during these hours at both sets of locks to explain the operation of the locks and give some of the history of the construction of the Isthmian waterway. Trips aboard Las Cruces, the 64-foot sightseeing launch recently acquired by the Canal, can be made through a number of arrangements. The vessel is available for use of all officially recognized employee groups and organizations in the Canal Zone and the Republic of Panama, including tourist agencies, and may be used for day or nighttime trips, any day of the week. The basic trip aboard Las Cruces is between Pedro Miguel Locks and Gamboa, a distance of about 9 miles, which embraces all of Gaillard Cut, the immense ditch which was cut through the Continental Divide to create a major portion of the waterway, and which now is being widened from 300 to 500 feet to provide for faster, safer transits by vessels using the Canal. Charges for use of the launch vary, depending on the nature of the group or organization desiring to hire it. Complete information and applications for groups or organizations desiring to hire the launch may be obtained through the Administrative Branch at Balboa 2-3192. In addition to use of the launch bv groups or organizations, the Canal organization is, at present, with the cooperation of tourist agencies in Panama, offering once-a-week tours utilizing both the railroad and launch. The Miraflores Observatory is a favorite spot for stargazers during dry season. These trips, available to any individual at nominal cost, combine round-trip rail transportation from the terminal cities of Balboa and Cristobal to From the picnic grounds atop Contractors Hill visihj can watch ships passing through the Canal below Gamboa with a 2-hour cruise through Gaillard Cut on the Las Cruces. A qualified tour guide is furnished for the launch portion of the tour. Details about Shaded walks and wide variety of tropical plants are special attractions for visitors to Summit Gardens. these tours, now being operated each Saturday morning, can be obtained from Panama Railroad ticket offices or any of the established tourist agencies in the Republic of Panama. At Summit Gardens and high atop Contractors Hill on the west bank of the Canal at the Continental Divide, special picnic grounds have been provided for those who enjoy such outings. The Contractors Hill area, while providing a spectacular view of the Canal at this deepest point of excavation for the waterway, is rustic in nature, with only picnic shelters and tables provided. The Summit Gardens areas set aside for picnicking are shaded by the vast assortment of tropical trees and other plants gathered from throughout the world and brought here for experimental growth and study of their development in the local environment, The Gardens, located along Gaillard Highway a few miles south of Gamboa, are open to sightseers and picnickers daily during most of the daylight hours, during both the rainy and dry seasons. Tours of school children from both the Republic of Panama and the Canal Zone normally are scheduled Mondays through Fridays and require sufficient adult supervision by the person requesting arrangements for the tour. Groups desiring to use the Gardens for picnics are required to apply to the Chief of the Community Services Division, Drawer S, Balboa Heights, in writing, at least 7 working days in advance of the date for which reservation is desired. Such groups must show certification that they are a Canal Zone organization and must supply an estimate of the number of persons expected to attend the outing. Small family groups also may use the picnic areas at the Gardens, on a less formal basis. A responsible member of the group must register at the Gardens office, which then will assign the group an area on a space-available, first-come, first-served, basis. Such small groups also may make advance reservations if they so desire by either calling or visiting the Gardens office. These activities are, of course, on!) those actively sponsored by the Canal organization. Many others are available in the Zone and the Republic for those inclined to pursue them, including fishing in both fresh and salt water, swimming, skin-diving, shell-fishing, and a myriad of other activities ranging from visits to Barro Colorado by arrangement with Smithsonian Institution at Balboa 2485 to netting butterflys. So. on those dreary days when you lament that you "don't have anything to do," look around; maybe you can find something that will interest and intrigue not only you but the whole family for a day, a week, a month, or even a lifetime, Man) others have. The Panama Canal Review 13

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Mr. and Mrs. Oscar G. Agueda and children with Governor Carter. -PEOPLE A PROUD and happy family was on hand in the office of Canal Zone Gov. W. A. Carter early last month as Oscar G. Agueda, 45-vear-old Panamanian seaman employed by the Dredging Division, received an award for bravery from the Governor. The award, accompanied by a check for $300, was presented to Mr. Agueda in recognition of courageous action which is credited with saving the life of Jose Achundia, a fellow employee who had fallen between a ship and the floating crane Hercules. Mr. Achundia was in danger of drowning or being crushed between the two vessels as they swung together because of wave action, when Mr. Agueda lowered himself to the waterline guardrail of the Hercules and grabbed the injured employee's shirt collar just as he started to sink below the surface of the water. The injured man suffered multiple contusions of the head, arms, and legs in the fall, but Mr. Agueda was not injured and managed to get his fellow employee back to safety aboard the Hercules. First employed by the Canal in 1942, when he was 26 years of age, Mr. Agueda has worked as a seaman during most of his years with the Canal enterprise, spending most of his time on the Hercules. Members of his family who accompanied him to the Governor's office and heard the personal congratulatons extended to Mr. Agueda included his wife, daughter, and two sons. JOHN B. FIELDS of the Canal Zone Housing and Maintenance Office will retire from Company Government service next September, but already is well underway on a new career. He has been ordained to the Sacred Order of Deacons in the Cathedral of St. Luke and will leave next August to attend the Seminario Episcopal del Caribe in Puerto Rico for 1 year, after which he will be ready for assignment as priest of this Missionary District, which includes Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador. Mr. Fields, who was born in Gatesville, Tex., came to the Canal Zone with his parents in 1906. His father, John B. Fields, was Construction Quartermaster in the Canal construction days and, incidentally, was the first Master of the first Masonic Lodge in the Canal Zone. He also was a charter member of all the York Rite bodies of Masons here. The family's first home was at Las Cascadas, and then they moved to Corozal, in the area now occupied by the townsite of Los Rios. Open ditches were outside the houses, covered by boards for crossing-over purposes. Young John traveled to school in Balboa in a mule-drawn brake, a 2V2-hour journey lor the 7 miles because the road from Corozal to Balboa at that time went along the present Curundu back road and through Panama. Today's road, at that time, was swampland. Grocery orders came in by train from Mount Hope and drinking water was delivered in gallon jugs from the train station to the homes. He was a member of the first graduating class at Cristobal High School, the family having moved to the Atlantic side after the Canal was opened to traffic. In 1924, he was graduated from the University of Texas, in Austin, with a degree in mechanical engineering —and ever since then has worked in civil engineering. Mr. Fields' first employment in the Canal Zone was in 1917, while a student at Balboa High School. He left the Zone in 1920 and did not return until 1939, after being with the Texas State Highway Department and Texas Highway Patrol for a number of years. His wife is a medical technologist at Gorgas Hospital Laboratory. They have two daughters, Jo-Anne, a sophomore at Ripon College, Wis., where she is majoring in mathematics and physics, and Janet, a sophomore at Balboa High School, whose ambition is to be a physical therapist. She's made a good start, as a Pink Girl at Gorgas Hospital (luring school vacation. Mr. Fields, like his father, has been extremely active in the Masonic organization. He speaks Spanish, and is looking forward to the experience of his forthcoming year's schooling in Puerto Rico. Mrs. Fields will remain on the Isthmus and will continue in her position until Mr. Fields receives his assignment as a priest. 14 January 5, 1962

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E M P L Y E E REGULATIONS governing the conduct of employees of the Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government recently hate been revised and reissued. Complete copies of the regulations now arc being prepared in both English and Spanish and will be distributed to each employee this month. Principal parts of the regulations are presented on this page and the next. Disciplinary action for violation of the regulations can range from a reprimand to a discharge for the employee involved. Clarification or further information about the regulations can be obtained at the office of the Personnel Director. Balboa Heights. General Policy. The maintenance of high moral and ethical standards is essential to efficiency in the conduct of Company/Government business and to assuring confidence of the public in the Government of the United States. By the nature of its primary mission involving a public service to the commerce of all nations, and by virtue of the multitudinous functions and activities in the field of public and international relations necessarv for the performance of that mission, the integrity of operations of the Panama Canal Company/ Canal Zone Government must be above reproach. To accomplish diis objective, all employees, wherever stationed, are expected and required to maintain moral and ethical standards in their personal conduct that will in no way reflect discredit on the U.S. Government or the Companv/Government organization. Conflict of Interest. A conflict of interest situation is one in which an employee's private interest, usually of an economic nature, conflicts or raises a reasonable question of conflict with his public duties and responsibilities. Following are specific examples of unlawful acts by a Government officer or employee under these laws: To receive, or agree to receive, any mission to engage in outside emplovment or other business activities on the Isthmus, must submit Form 222 to the Executive Secretary through the head of their bureau, division, or independent unit. Other employees must request such permission from the head of their bureau, division, or independent unit, who will either act on the request, or, in cases involving policy or CONDUCT monev or thing of value for giving to or procuring for any person any contract from the United States. To receive, or agree to receive, any compensation for anv services rendered before any department, agencv, or officer of the United States in relation to any proceeding, contract, claim, or other matter in which the United States is interested; To prosecute, or aid in the prosecution of, any claim against the United States other than in the proper discharge of his official duties; To act for the United States in the transaction of business with any firm, corporation, or other business entity of which he is an officer or member or in which he has a pecuniary interest; To receive any salary in connection with his services from any source other than the Government of the United States. Dual Employment. U.S. citizen employees and employees in U.S. wage base positions desiring to apply for perother question, refer it to the Executive Secretary for consideration. Membership in Organizations. Employees may join or refrain from joining employee organizations or associations, without interference, coercion, restraint, or fear of discrimination or reprisal, with the following exceptions: They may not have membership in organizations or associations which directly, or by affiliation with other organizations or associations, impose upon them an ohligation or duty to engage in, or assist in, anv strike against the United States; They shall not have membership in any political party or organization which advocates the overthrow of the constitutional form of the government of the United States. Participation in Political Activities. Generally, U.S. -citizen employees are prohibited from: Using official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with an election or affecting its results; Taking an active part in political The Panama Canal Review 15

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management or in political campaigns; Soliciting or receiving any assessment or contribution for any political purpose from another employee or person; Serving as officers or organizers of, or presiding over poltical meetings; Making partisan political display (badges, "buttons, etc.) while on duty conducting official business. The following additional policies are prescribed respecting participation by employees in Panamanian political activities: Employees residing in the Canal Zone who are not Panamanian citizens shall not engage in any form of Panamanian political activity. Employees residing in the Canal Zone who are Panamanian citizens may exercise political rights guaranteed to them by Panamanian law. Thev may affiliate themselves with the political party of their choice, attend political meetings, and be free to vote in all elections. These privileges inav be exercised subject to the following reservations: No employee shall engage in Panamanian political activity in or from within the Canal Zone, or during dutv hours, and employees shall not use their jobs or positions with the Company/Government in the advancement of Panamanian political activity. Emplovee associations, organizations, labor unions, and other emplovee groups, organized and existing in the Canal Zone, shall not engage in Panamanian political activity. Anv employee who may be elected to political office in the Republic of Panama will be required to terminate his employment with the Company Government. Solicitation for and Acceptance of Gifts. Employees shall not solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, anything of economic value as a gift, gratuity, or favor, which is, or may appear to be, designed to in any manner influence official conduct. No gift shall be accepted whenever the officer or eraplo\ee has any reason to believe that it would not have been made except for his official position or that the donor's private interests are likely to be affected by his actions or actions of the Company/Government. Gifts to Superiors. Employees are forbidden by law from soliciting confrom other employees for a gift to am official superior and from ; a gift to anv official superior. superiors are forbidden by law to re i gift from employees receivii) less salary than themselves. Awards From Foreign Governments. Employees are prohibited from accepting any present, decoration, or award conferred or presented by any foreign government without the consent of Congress. Employees who receive information that thev are to be tendered such gifts, decorations, or awards must report to the office of the Executive Secretarv to receive instructions as to applicable laws and regulations. Use of Official Information. Employees shall not disclose official information without appropriate authority and shall not use, or permit others to use, for the purpose of furthering a private interest, anv estimate, information, promise, or agreement covering anv work, contract, sale or business, or other transaction in which the U.S. Government, the Canal Zone Government, or the Panama Canal Company is or may possibly become interested. Permission to Publish Articles. Employees shall obtain clearance from the office of the Governor before releasing for publication articles pertaining to Government activities in the Canal Zone. Use of Property. Employees shall not use Company/ Government property of anv kind for other than official purposes. Thev also have a positive responsibility to protect and conserve all Company/ Government property, including equipment and supplies entrusted to their care. Payment of Debts. Employees are expected and required to pay their just debts and meet their proper financial obligations. Failure to meet such obligations, or anv action or omission which causes continued annoyance and trouble, constitutes unsatisfactory conduct. The foregoing includes payment of Federal, State, and local taxes in accordance with the laws of the jurisdiction to whose taxing power he mav be subject. Loans From Subordinates. No emplovee shall borrow money from another employee over whom he exercises supervision, control, or authority. Courtesy; Profane and Abusive Language. It is the duty of every employee to exercise consideration, self-control, tact, and courtesy in all dealings with the public and fellow employees. The use of profane and abusive language either by those in authority addressing subordinates, by employees serving customers, or by employee-customers addressing other employees who are in performance of their duties, is forbidden. Nondiscrimination. No employee exercising Company Government authority shall discriminate against, or give undue preference to, any other employee with regard to appointments, promotion, awards, training, or any other personnel action, bv reason of race, color, creed, sex, marital status, physical handicap, national origin, or political belief, except as may be specified by law or regulation issued pursuant thereto. Conduct in Quarters. Employees and other occupants of Company/Government quarters shall conduct themselves in such a manner as to avoid repeated justified complaints from their neighbors. Lotteries. Anv person within the Canal Zone who shall vend, sell, barter, or dispose of any lottery' ticket; or be concerned in any wise in any lottery or scheme of chance by acting as owner or agent in the Canal Zone for or on behalf of anv lottery or scheme of chance to be drawn, paid or carried on, either outside of or within the Canal Zone, shall be punished for the first offense bv a fine of not more than $1,000, or by imprisonment in jail for not more than 1 year, or both, in the discretion of the court, and for the second or a subsequent offense bv both fine and imprisonment. In addition to anv fine or imprisonment, an employee of the Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government found guilty of violating the lottery laws yy ill be dismissed from the service with general objections to reemployment by the Company Government. Use of Purchase Authority Cards. Purchase authority cards shall be used onlv bv the person to whom they are issued or by wholly dependent and legal members of his immediate family actually residing with him. Prohibition Against Misuse. Authorized holders of purchase authority cards shall take all necessary precautions to insure that the cards are not used in violation of these regulations. This prohibits assisting anv other person in anv manner in violating the letter or intent of these regulations. The sale, loan or other transfer of purchase authority cards is expressly prohibited. So-called "commonlaw wives" are not entitled to use these cards. Display of Purchase Authority Cards; Surrender in Certain Cases. Purchase authority cards shall be shown upon making purchases of goods or services, or when specifically requested by any manager, cashier, or clerk of Company/ Government sales or service establishment where the purchase is being made; Canal Zone Contraband Control Inspector; or member of the Canal Zone police force. The personnel listed above may examine any purchase authority' card and, in the exercise of their discretion, retain any card issued bv the Company Government. Cards which are retained shall be forwarded promptly to the (See p. 19) 16 January 5, 1962

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worth Knowing, FILMING of a 30-minute informational and educational film about the Panama Canal is starting this month. Six representatives of Bay State Film Productions, Inc., were to arrive on the Isthmus January 2 to start production work on the film, which is being made for the Panama Canal Company. For the next several weeks, cameramen of the Springfield, Mass., film company will be shooting footage throughout the Zone. The representatives of the firm scheduled to arrive January 2 are Morton H. Read, president of the corporation; Edward R. Knowlton, who wrote the script for the film; Harold M. Fischer and A. Herbert Wells, cameramen; Mrs. Read and Mrs. Wells. REGULATIONS governing payment for home leave travel recently have been revised to incorporate a recent ruling by the Comptroller General of the United States relating to the amount of time which must be spent in the country, territory, or possession in which the place of actual residence is located. The new regulations affecting Canal employees require that if leave is taken at a location other than the country, territory, or possession in which the actual residence is located, the travel voucher must show the period of time spent in any other place or places visited. To qualify for allowable travel and transportation expenses, the employee must spend at least one-fourth of the period of home leave in the country, territory, or possession in which the actual place of residence is located. Time spent in uninterrupted travel by the authorized route and mode is not counted as part of the required 25 percent. THE FIRST distribution of funds from the 1961 United Fund drive is to be made this month to the 20 participating agencies, officials of the voluntary fund drive have announced. More than $140,000 was collected in Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber greeted a group of students from the Agricultural and Industrial School at Divisa when they visited the rotunda of the Administration Building at Balboa Heights last month during a tour of the Canal Zone as guests of the Company/Government. Lieutenant Governor Leber, speaking in Spanish, welcomed the students to the Zone, and Bill O'Sullivan, official translator of the Canal organization, explained the murals in the rotunda which depict construction of the Isthmian waterway. During their stay in the Zone, the students also visited Summit Gardens and Miraflores Locks. Professor Jose A. Vasquez was the leader of the visiting group. the fund drive, which ended December 2. This was more than ever collected and pledged in any previous drive. The funds to be received by the 20 participating agencies during 1962, with only one exception, will be the Contribu. tions and A Z ena J pledges NavT $24,145.51 A^Force::::::;;;.;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;Jgfg Panama Canal Company/Canal Zone Government 68384 57 Utlier Government agencies 9 1QdfU Special gifts: -,v*.o* Contributions io nir> yn Activitk,s '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.::::: 1 9,108.13 TotaI $140,257.75 The Panama Canal Review 17 Percentage Goal of goal achieved $24,125 4,000 5,000 71,700 1,875 18,300 20,000 100 100 88 95 117 98 96 plus phis plus phis plus plus $145,000 96.7 same as the individual goals established for them by the committee which reviewed requests and established the goal of the 1961 fund drive. The lone exception is United Seaman's Service, which will receive $63.50 instead of the $60 budgeted for it, because of individual donors' requests that their contributions be credited to that agencv. As the 1961 fund campaign ended. Governor Carter, who serves as President of the Canal Zone United Fund, expressed his personal appreciation to all volunteers who worked on the drive and to the thousands of contributors who have made it possible for the participating agencies to continue their programs during the coming year.

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-SAFETY Jor y[i ou ~M,ty Son My Dear Sox: This is a big day for you. It's been a long wait, but now you've passed the test. Now you are a licensed driver. According to the officer who tested you, you are "pretty sharp." Your written test proved that you've made a careful study of the traffic regulations and have absorbed a lot of knowledge about safe driving. But will you always be willing to apply that knowledge? You admire speed. We realize that you have been born into an age in which speed is considered important. Millions of dollars have been spent on freeways and big highways, so we can get places faster. Designers of automobiles have done a great deal to make automobiles safer. But excessive speed cannot be made safe. It ranks with many diseases as a destroyer of lives. It is more ruthless than war. it leaves hopeless invalids and broken hearts in its wake. It wipes out entire families. And it has a scornful disregard of who was at fault. You've never been a coward, my son, but I hope you have a healthy fear of speed. You've never harbored hatred in your heart, but I hope you hate the type ot person for whom speed is a god. Are you ready to be a driver? There will be times when you will be called "chicken" for not "dragging;" or lor not pushing your foot clear to the floor, just to see how fast she will go. If you have any manhood in you, these childish dares will be easy to squelch. Refusal to follow the crowd under such circumstances is a testimony to your maturity, your adulthood. Other lives will be entrusted to your OU take a girl on a date. you take younger children to school, •'hen you drive friends to football games. It will be up to you to prove wli.il kind oi person you real!) arc and a major test will be the care you use for the benefit of others. As a small boy, you learned to be considerate of others. Being a good driver is, to a large extent, a matter of being considerate. No book on traffic has vet been written that does not embrace the words of the Golden Rule: "Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them." People with little minds, people who think it is cute to break a law, people who have an artificial sense of bravery because they aren't afraid of "cops," have no business behind the wheel of a car. They feel that the law does not apply to them. Their personalities usually are warped by self-conceit, arrogance, selfishness, and cowardice. If the horsepower of an engine gives vou a false feeling of strength and power, vou are not ready to drive. Brainpower is more important than horsepower, and always will be. Your car can be a means of transportation. or it can become a deadly weapon. It depends on vou. You and I were together one day when an officer slowed us to a stop -ACCIDENTSFOR THIS MONTH AND THIS YEAR NOVEMBER ALL UNITS YEAR TO DATE because of an accident on the road ahead. "Try not to look as vou go by," he said. "It even turned my stomach." You saw what he meant. Your face mirrored shock. You were sickened by the sight of what had been a handsome car. an equally handsome man. All that was left had to be hauled away— the shattered body to a mortuary, the smashed car to a junkyard. You understood when we told you that you had to wait for a driver's license until you had earned and saved the money to pay the extra cost of insurance for a "male driver, under 25." You are 17; other boys have driven since they were 16. We are glad that you understood our viewpoint. You accepted responsibility as well as the pleasure of driving. We love you too much to turn you loose, unprepared, in today's world of wheels. Decency and competence are respected and demanded of every driver, regardless of age. You are no exception. We, as your parents, have faith in you, Son. We know you would not willingly hurt anyone. But remember, please remember, that one careless moment in FIRST AID CASES •61 '60 239 221 3288(397) 2659 DISABLING INJURIES •61 -60 15 15 126(4) 131 DAYS LOST •61 "60 284 531 12888(58)15029 ( ) Locks Overhaul injuries included in total. 18 January 5, 1962

PAGE 25

Your driving might mean crippling injuries or death for someone. And for my sake, don't let anything happen to you, either. Think of others when you drive, and look out for them. Not all of them care; not all of them have the right to drive; not all of them have the sense and sensitivitv required to appreciate or care about the damage they can do. Don't let them hurt you. fie read}to stop. Be ready to get out of their way. Anticipate disaster and avoid it. When you step into a car, you no longer are a boy. you are an adult with adult responsibilities. You have been granted a man's privilege; be a man in the way you use it. May God bring you safely home, always, my son. Your loving Father. (Continued from p. 16) Executive Secretary with report of the circumstances involved. Loss of Purchase Authority Cards. Holders of purchase authority cards shall, in accordance with instruction on the card or other published instructions on the subject, promptly report the loss or theft of their card. Use of Goods or Services Obtained with Purchase Authority Cards. Goods (except gasoline— see below) or services obtained through the use of purchase authority cards are for the personal use of the person for whom the privilege is authorized and or the wholly dependent and legal members of his immediate family actually residing with him. ("Personal use" is construed to include the normal use of goods or services bv one's own servants or bona fide guests.) Gasoline Purchases. Gasoline purchased in Panama Canal Company stations shall be used only in the vehicle into which the gasoline is dispensed. Such vehicles shall be operated only by persons having purchase authority, unless the vehicle is occupied bv the owner or one of his dependents. Private vehicles operated with gasoline parchased in Canal Zone stations may not be used for commercial purposes. Excessive Purchases. Purchase of quantities of any goods in excess of normal needs or in excess of established "maximum-sale quantities'' is prohibited. Canal Zone Retail Stores. Entrance into Panama Canal Company retail stores is restricted by law to p_-is ins having authority to purchase therein. Credit Information. Information for credit purposes regarding an employee's status, including information as to position, salary, and length of sen ice. will not be furnished to third persons except pursuant to written authorization signed by the employee concerned. Workmen with pneumatic drills cut wall into 18-ton slabs for removal from station. BATTLING A BLAST WALL THE GREAT WALL of China may have been far bigger in main ways, but Canal engineers doubt that it was any stronger or otherwise more solid than a reinforced concrete "blast wall now being removed from the Miraflores Power Station. The "great wall" of Miraflores is 8 feet thick, 24 feet high, and 76 feet long. It was built at the beginning of World War II to protect the three diesel-electric generators housed at Miraflores from bomb splinters. Officials of the Maintenance Division, faced with the task of removing the wall to make room for two new 10,000-kiIowatt gas turbogenerators, considered a number of ways in which the wall could be demolished without tearing down the whole power station building, but finally settled on pneumatic drills. Workmen now are cutting the "great wall" into huge slabs of solid concrete, each 4 feet wide, 8 feet thick, and 8 feet high. Sliced from the wall by use of pneumatic drills, pried loose with rock jacks, then lifted out with hoisting equipment, each of the blocks weighs approximately 18 tons. Work on the wall was started in November and the Maintenance Division reports it will take a work force of 10 men, working 8 hours a day, until the end of February to completely demolish the massive wall. The use of pneumatic drills was decided on after several other possible methods were rejected, including the possibility of controlled blasting. Painstaking and time-consuming as it is, the method being used is considered to be the least expensive and dangerous. Controlled blasting was rejected because of the possibility of damage to the diesel electric generator and other equipment still housed in the power station on an emergency, standby basis. One of the two new gas turbogenerators will be delivered in the Canal Zone about September of this year. First of their kind to be purchased by the Canal, the two new units will increase the power-generating potential in the Zone by approximately one-third. The Panama Canal Review 19

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Eliseo Avila Engineering Survey Aid William Nurse Floating Plant Water Tender HEALTH BUREAU Harold Boreland Clerk Wilbur C. Dunscombe Supervisory Chemist MARINE BUREAU Roy C. Stockham Chief, Locks Division George K. Hudgins Pilot Ernest S. Glasgow Boatman Gabriel James Deckhand Leonard V. McLeod Launch Seaman SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU Ucaston A. Barclay Dairy-Utility Leader TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Eustace S. Lewis Guard ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Pascual Moran Laborer Cleaner Julio C. Montes Laborer Cleaner CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Rafael L. Medrick Detention Guard Juan A. Cazorla Liaison Agent Jack E. Smith Police Private Beryl Waller Dressing Room Attendant Lester S. Chase Detention Guard Andres Lopez Laborer Cleaner Archie Manikas Police Private ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Felipe K. Ben, Jr. Civil Engineer Harris A. Hinds Clerk Jose A. Ortega Floating Plant Oiler Louis Davis Electrician Herman G. Myles Oiler Juan F. Hunt Joiner Luciano Campbell Helper Electrician George D. Beckles Seaman George W. Lambert Hea Jose I. Aquino Mai man Victi iuez man Homer Welsh Clerk-Typist Jorge Jimenez Seaman HEALTH BUREAU Daisy Thompson Nursing Assistant Albert S. Clarke Nursing Assistant Merries R. Panther Formula Room Attendant Caspar C. Loredo Nursing Assistant Henry W. Francisco Housekeeping Aid Estel A. Burke Clerk Humberto Paz Medical Radiology Technician Tomas Martinez Heavy Pest-Controj_ Laborer Blanche A. Mclntire Personnel Security MARINE B, Roland C. Casa, Joiner Jerome B. Hiward Ramp Op A-ntnr Joseph C. Gagnon Lock Operator Engineman Pascual Gerardo Helper Lock Operator Rowan H. Bailey Leek Operator Machinist John R. McGlade Lock Operator Machinist Alfredo Coco Helper Lock Operator Daniel Perez, Jr. Helper Lock Operator Jorge A. Coto Deckhand B. N. Marroquin Helper Lock Operator Jorge E. Pacheco Seaman Felipe A. Villalta Floating Plant Oiler George E. Mitchell Lock Operator Machinist Daniel B. Rambo Lock Operator Iron Worker-Welder OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER William Raveneau Bookeeping Machine Operation Supervisor PERSONNEL BUREAU Cecile L. Demers Qualifications Rating Clerk SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU JamesJLShjrley ministratNc Assistant hecker Barnes es Checker Winston H. Haughton Leader Painter Walford L. Archer Grocery Worker Lester A. James Stock Control Clerk Isoline Trotman Sales Clerk Luis Andrion Milk Cooling Machine Operator Gladvs A. Francis Sales Clerk Pearl M. Raymond Retail Store Sales Checker Anita C. Alexander Sales Clerk Jose L. Diaz Electrical Equipment Repairman Rafael Ipina Garbage Collector Priscilla Smith Sales Clerk George A. Jackman Warehouseman Raymond A. Weeks Grounds Maintenance Equipment Operator Ricardo Aviles Laborer Daisy Walker Food Service Sales Checker Amelia Paddy Housekeeping Assistant Nora Jamieson Sales Clerk Gilberto Cabrera Heavy Laborer Apolonio Serrano Stockman Gabriel Villeda Clerk Margarito Cruz Flame Scrap Cutter TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Theodore Forbes Clerk-Typist Daniel Labrence Helper Machinist Helen E. Chisholm Accounting Technician Peter Hotsko Clerical Assistant Leo M. Collymore Truck Driver Pascual Arosemena High Lift Truck Operator Donald A. Clarke Clerk Checker Victor Macea High Lift Truck Operator Octavio Medina Guard Mary A. Baldwin Accounts Maintenance ClerkPablo Bonilla Track Driver Richard G. Condon Train Dispatcher 20 January 5, 1962

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS November 10 through December 10 EMPLOYEES who were promoted or transferred between November 10 and December 10 are listed below. Withingrade promotions and job reclassifications are not listed. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Harold L. Anderson, from Supervisory Administrative Officer, to Administrative Officer. Mayra I. Caropresso, from Translator, Typing, to Translator. Elvera N. Breakfield, from Supervisory Accounting Clerk, to Supervisory Clerical Assistant, Printing Plant. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Bernard J. Craig, Jr., from Substitute Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Police Private, Police Division. Eusebio Ortiz, from Truck Driver. Motor Transportation Division, to Firefighter, Fire Division. Jane A. Gruver, from Substitute Teacher, to Elementary and Secondary School Teacher, Division of Schools. Postal Division Robert S. Herr, from Administrative Aid to Director of Posts, to Assistant Director of Posts. Joseph T. Kozlowski, from Window Clerk. to Custodian, Postal and Philatelic Stock. David C. Rose, from Air Mail Tour Foreman, to Mail Handling Unit Foreman. Charles A. Mockus, from Distribution Clerk, to Mail Handling Unit Clerk. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Dredging Division John W. Litton, Marine Machinist, from Industrial Division. Abe L. Lincoln, Claud M. Kreger, Stephen L. Dukes, George T. Crook, from Leader Core Drill Operator, to Leader SubAqueous Core Drill Operator. Alejandro Montenegro, from Seaman, to Launch Operator. Juan Justiniani, Aristides Lopez, from Heavy Laborer, to Seaman. Jose Cordoba, from Laborer, Supply Division, to Floating Plant Fireman. Alejandro Gil, from Dock Worker, Terminals Division, to Laborer Cleaner. Morty K. Blanchard, from Seaman, to Leader Seaman. Cecil L. Miller, from Firefighter, Fire Division, to Truck Driver. Vernon M. Findlater, from Floating PlantBoom Oiler, to Launch Operator. Electrical Division Stanwood O. Specht, from Supervisors Operating Power Engineer, to Supervisor, Mechanical Power System. Beatriz A. Kwai Ben, Clerk-Typist, from Wage and Classification Division. Marguerite Runck, from Supervisory Typing Clerk, to Clerical Typing Assistant. David C. Ryan, John A. Barbour, Harold M. Fraser, from Lead Foreman Electrician, to Lead Foreman Central Office Repairman. Alfred Tulle, from Electroplater, Limited, to Electroplater. Alberto L. Brown, from Messenger, Officer of General Manager, Supply Division, to Clerk. Basil C. DeSousa, from Counter Attendant, Supply Division, to Laborer Cleaner. Maintenance Division Jules A. Lelaidier, from Liquid Fuels Gauger, Terminals Division, to Water System Controlman. Anthony R. Lombroia, from Lead Foreman Joiner, to General Buildings Foreman. Albert H. Pluiner, from Refrigeration and Air Condition Mechanic, to Leader Refrigeration and Air Condition Mechanic. Robert B. Grier, from Lock Operator Machinist, Locks Division, to Maintenance Machinist. William W. Spencer from Lead Foreman, Quarters Maintenance, to Leader Electrician. Burman S. Spangler, from Lead Foreman, Hospital Maintenance, to Lead Foreman Joiner. Phra A. Ashby, from Lead Foreman, Hospital Maintenance, to Leader Plumber. Arundel A. Hall, from Clerk, to Supervisory Clerk. Thomas McGowan, from Heavy Laborer, to Helper Heavy Duty Equipment Mechanic. Matildo Tunon, from Dock Worker, Terminals Division, to Laborer. Joseph E. Brown, from Railroad Trackman, Railroad Division, to Laborer. HEALTH BUREAU Gorgas Hospital Clifford A. Dottin, from Service Station Attendant, Supply Division, to Housekeeping Aid. David L. Matthews, from Utility Worker, Supply Division, to Kitchen Attendant. Talbert Weeks, General Medical Technician, from Coco Solo Hospital. Coco Solo Hospital Enrique A. Brown, from General Medical Technician, to Medical Technologist. Jose Bermudez, Roy A. Watson, from Pharmacy Helper, to Pharmacy Assistant. Teresita Quiros, from Clerk, to ClerkTypist. Santiago S. Morrice, from Housekeeper, to Lead Foreman Hospital Laborer. Corozal Hospital Eugenio Beauville, from Nursing Assistant, Psychiatry, to Hospital Recreation Assistant. Gloria F. Atherley, from Seamstress, to Production Seamstress. MARINE BUREAU Lionel M. Smith, from Helper Shipwright, to Storekeeping Clerk, Industrial Division. Robert L. Husband, from Towboat or Fern' Master, to Pilot-in-Training, Navigation Division. Locks Division Peter J. Barr, from Fire Sergeant, Fire Division, to Guard. James E. Stuart, from Supervisory Storekeeping Clerk, to Statistical Clerk. William A. Muller, from Electrician, to Lock Operator Electrician. Norman Blandford, Carlos F. Master, Jose Cerda, Antonio Jimenez, Gilberto Morales, Henry O. Bailey, Alexander Johnson, Howard L. McKenzie, Albert E. Waithe. Juan Joseph, Julio Avila, from Helper Lock Operator, to Line Handler. Justo E. Jaslin, James S. Best, from Line Handler, to Helper Lock Operator. Fulgencio Martinez, Virgilio Vega, John Lake, from Heavy Laborer, to Line Handler. OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL Paul T. Dunn, from General Attorney, Admiralty, to General Attorney. W. Allen Sanders, from General Attorney, Legislation, to General Attorney. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Grace E. MacVittie, from Travel Expense Claims Examiner, to General Claims Examiner. Accounting Division Manuel S. Rivera, from Office Machine Operator, to Bookkeeping Machine Operator. Coolridge E. Scantlebury, from File Clerk, to Accounting Clerk. PERSONNEL BUREAU Ramiro Zaldivar, from Constable, Magistrate's Court, Cristobal, to Debt Counselor. Canal Zone Central Employment Office Norman A. Eversley, from Clerk, Maintenance Division, to Mail and File Clerk. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE RUREAU Supply Division Clayton J. Auble, from Commissary Store Manager, to Merchandise Management Officer. Michael S. Brzezinski, from Accounts Maintenance Clerk, Industrial Division, to Accounting Assistant. Alfred A. Shoy, from Stock Control Clerk, to Clerk, Office of General Manager. Silvano Batista, from Heavy Laborer, Community Service Division, to Baker. Oliver £. Thorne, from Helper Optical Worker, to Optical Worker. Sadie D. Belle, from Clerk, to Office Machine Operator. Alfred C. Drakes, from Storekeeping Clerk. to Leader Stockman. Sybil M. Miller, from Food Service Sales Checker, to Stock Control Clerk. Clifford A. Hylton, from Waiter, to Guest House Clerk. Ronald A. Johnson, from Pinsetter, to Counter Attendant. Ernesto C. Anderson, Lester J. Clement, Leonard J. Blychanton, from Package Boy to Utility Worker. Harold E. Smith, Joslyn O. Barriteau, Alvin H. Barber. Bradly A. Coartney, from Package Boy to Sales Clerk. Alton C. Grant, from UtilityWorker, to Counter Attendant. Enid M. Dignam, from Sales Clerk and Theater Ticket Seller, to Snack Bar Operator and Ticket Seller. Arthur S. Davis, from Package Boy to Messenger, Office of General Manager. Cecil W. Haughton, from Warehouseman, to Storekeeping Clerk. Jose J. Estrada, from Heavy Laborer, to Warehouseman. Esteban J. Lowe, from Utility Worker, to Baker. Simeon Blake, from Waiter, to Utility Worker. Cayetano Carrasco, from Dairy Laborer, to Milk Cooling Machine Operator. Fulgencio P. Quinones, from Storekeeping Clerk, to Lumber Inspector Assistant. {Seep. 22) The Panama Canal Review 21

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Promotions and Transfers (Continued from p. 21 ) Alfredo A. Gale, James Grant, from Utility Worker, to Heavy Laborer. Etelberto I. Alvarado, Carl E. Dunn Moodie, Basil C. DeSousa, Naomi A. McLeod, from Utility Worker, to Counter Attendant. Cecilio A. Brown, from Packager, to Messenger. Florencio Gomez, from Laborer Cleaner, to Laborer. Mavis R. Grant, from Storekeeping Clerk, to Sales Clerk. Vicent C. Forde, from Heavy Laborer, to Warehouseman. Alfred T. Soley, from Clerk, to Storekeeping Clerk. Agustin Martinez, from Service Station Attendant, Motor Transportation Division, to Truck Driver. Vincent George, from Pinsetter, to Utility Worker. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Terminals Division Gregorio Chiari, Juan Becerra, Roy Gray, Eustaquio A. Vega, from Dock Worker, to High Lift Truck Operator. Gerardo A. Nunez, Rolfe W. Burton, Domingo Renteria, from Ship Worker, to High Lift Truck Operator. Gladstone O. Brown, from Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman, to Truck Driver. Jose M. Calderon, Gabriel Ibarra, from Dock Worker, to Ship Worker. Clarence B. Glasgow, from Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman, to Oiler. Aubrey Judge, from Heavy Laborer, to Leader Heavy Laborer. Motor Transportation Division Lionel Thome, from School Bus Driver, to Motor Vehicle Dispatcher. Humberto E. Perez, from Truck Driver, to School Bus Driver. Jose Jones, from Automotive Equipment Sen iceman, to Truck Driver. Alfonso Niles, from Sen-ice Station Operator, Supply Division, to Truck Driver. George A. Thomas, Truck Driver, from Locks Division. Donald L. Greaves, Edgar B. Ellis, Junie N. Scott, Charles A. Mullings, from Firefighter, Fire Division, to Truck Driver. Railroad Division Francisco Castillo, from General Helper, to Maintenance Carpenter. Esteban Gonzalez, from Laborer, to Heavy Laborer. Roy R. Wilferd, from Road and Yard Conductor, to Road and Yard Conductor and Train Dispatcher. Floyd M. Johnson, from Road and Yard Conductor and Train Dispatcher, to Train Dispatcher. OTHER PROMOTIONS PROMOTIONS which did not involve i hanges of title follow: Robert L. Snyder, Services Assistant to Director of Posts, Postal Division. Fred N. Dahl, Employee Development Officer, Office of General Manager, Suppl) Division. Wilfred R. Morris. Graduate Intern, Business Administration, Supply Division. William C. Bailey, Finance Branch Superintendent, Post;il Division. Millard M. Coleman. Chief Engineer, Towbo.it or Ferry, Dredging Division. Gerard J. Welch. General Valuation Engineer, Ai count ing Div ision. Joseph II. Gray, Cargo Clerk, Terminals About Former Employees FORMER Panama Canal employees have embarked on all manner of interesting projects after leaving the Isthmus. The projects have ranged from bridge building in far-away places to laying of chimney bricks on the family homestead in some tucked away coiner of New England. Retired Col. Henry A. Starrett, a former retail store manager, devoted himself to readying a museum exhibit built around a model of one of his grandfather's ships and family treasures collected nearly a century ago when clipper ships were touring the world. The ship model in the exhibit is of the Frank N. Thayer, built about 1870 in Maine, and of which Henry Atherton Starrett was master. His wife, son, and daughter made the voyages with him, as was customary in the '70s. The model of the Frank N. Thayer, handed down to the master mariner's namesake, Colonel Starrett, was built exactly to scale by Captain Starrett and his daughter, Annie. It is of mahogany, about 4 feet from bowsprit to stem, is full-rigged, with pulleys, railings, and a ladder made of ivory. ACROSS half the width of the United States in Wisconsin, another collection bv a former Panama Canal employee made news headlines. This one was a collection of books and pictures presented to the New Holstein, Wis., Public Library from the estate of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Schildhauer of Santa Monica, Calif. Mr. Schildhauer, who was born near the Wisconsin town, designed and patented the lock operating machinery and the system of electric locomotives for towing ships through the Panama Canal locks. In 1906 he came to the Isthmus as electrical and mechanical engineer for the Isthmian Canal Commission, and remained until after the opening of the waterway. Until recently the model was kept in the Starrett homestead in Belfast, Maine. Then the family decided to place it in a museum, and the one at Rockland, Maine, accepted it as the center of the museum's marine exhibits. Various members of the Starrett family contributed articles to the exhibit. Saved from seafaring days of yore, these articles included shawls from China, lace from Brussels, lacquer bowls, furniture from Calcutta, ivory games and puzzles, toys and dolls, and even a revolver once used to quell a mutiny. Colonel Starrett, who was born in Belfast, Maine, was a Canal Zone retail store manager from 1925 to 1941, when he resigned to go on active duty as a commissioned officer, stationed with the Quartermaster Corps in the Canal Zone. He retired from military service about 10 years ago and although he and Mrs. Starrett still have not carried out their plan to revisit the Isthmus, thev keep up their Isthmian friendships through correspondence. Colonel and Mrs. Starrett reside in Belfast, Maine, when they're at home. Right now they're traveling in the Mediterranean area. How? By ship, naturally. Many of the books in the collection concern Panama, its history, and the construction of the Canal. Two of the volumes are on the construction plans for Gatun Locks and Gatun Dam, one volume being text while the other contains the curves, diagrams, and blueprints of the Canal. In addition, the collection includes three pictures framed in bamboo of scenes on the Isthmus, a picture taken from the air overlooking the Canal, many photographs of the project, and two personal albums. Mr. Schildhauer died in 1953 and Mrs. Schildhauer in 1961, after which all books in his private collection pertaining to the Panama Canal were bequeathed to the New Holstein library. Division. George C. Smith, Ethelbert Seales, Sales Clerk, Supply Division. Kathleen D. Allwood, Duncan S. Williams, Jr., Ricardo R. Reefer, Utility Worker, Supply Division. Hercilia Forero, Sales Section Head, Supply Supply Division. Susan S. Smith. Supervisory Medical Technologist, Coco Solo Hospital. Clara C. Baez, Maria E. DeYcaza, Time. Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Div ision. David R. Bradshaw, Service Center Supervisor, Supply Division. Magdrie R. Callender, Clerk-Typist, Division ill Schools. William K. McCue, Nolan A. Bissell, Relief Supervisor, Balboa, Postal Division. Carroll E. Kocher, General Foreman, Mail Handling Unit, Postal Division. Robinson Caraquitos, Halden Thomas, Gerardo Flores, Radames Ben, Teofila Badillo, Utility Worker, Supply Division. Eugene Breakfield, Relief Supervisor, Postal Division, Cristobal. Daniel H. George, Apprentice Electrician, Electrical Division. David A. Phlatts, Bookkeeping Machine Operator, Accounting Division, Victor Kourany. Theresa Austin, Estella A. Haynes, Clerk, Supply Division. Lois I. Alexander, Clerk-Typist, Division of Schools. Rosario S. Capitelli, Procurement Agent, Procurement Division, New Orleans, La. 22 January 5, 1962

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CANAL HISTORY 50 Years Ago PLANS for the second census of the Canal Zone were completed in January 1912, with the headcount to start on February 1 and expected to take about 2 months. The census was to include enumeration of all residents of the Canal Zone and all employees of the Canal and Panama Railroad living in Colon, Panama, Portobelo, and other points outside the Canal Zone but in Isthmian territory. The first census, completed in mid-1908, showed a population in the Zone of 50,003, of which 24,296 were employed bv the Canal or railroad. It was reported that Isthmian weather during 1911 had been characterized by a general deficiency in rainfall, relative humidity, and cloudiness, with total rainfall being below normal at all stations. In Colon, rainfall for the year totaled 112.75 inches, with rain being recorded on 253 days. On the Pacific side of the Isthmus, the rainfall was 64.10 inches, with rain being recorded on 170 days. The Culebra station reported 78.84 inches of rain for the year and 189 days on which rain was recorded. The removal of the fourth and last of the concrete placing cranes from Pedro Miguel Locks began on January 30. The crane, which had been used in the east chamber, was to be moved to Miraflores for use in the east chamber of the lower lock. The side and center walls of Pedro Miguel Locks were practically complete. The visit to the Isthmus on January 10 of retired Lt. Gen. Sir Robert BadenPowell of the British Army, founder of the Boy Scout movement, resulted in a revival of interest in the movement on the Canal Zone. It was reported that 75 Scouts were enrolled in the Zone. 25 Years Ago THE ANNUAL appropriation for the Panama Canal was reduced more than a half-million dollars from the level of the previous year by President Roosevelt in his budget message to Congress. The budget for fiscal year 1937, as established in the budget message, was 88,519,000, compared to $9,149,201 for 1936. Of the total, 86,361.000 was marked for maintenance and operation of the waterway, while 82,158,000 was for improvements and construction. It was announced that traffic through the Canal in November and December 1936 showed a decided decrease from the level of previous months as a result of a shipping strike which had paralyzed RETIREMENTS RETIREMENT certificates were presented at the end of December to the employees listed below, with their positions and years of Canal service: Frank J. Aspesi, Towing Locomotive Operator, Locks Division; 17 years. Epifanio Barsallo, Heavy Laborer, Maintenance Division; 34 years, 5 months. 11 days. Felicito Batista, Heavy Laborer, Maintenance Division; 35 years, 2 months, 4 days. Charles Brown, Laborer Cleaner, Community Services Division; 23 years, 9 months, 21 days. Martin A. Bugalski, 2nd Assistant Engineer, SS "Cristobal," Water Transportation Division; 29 years, 23 days. Aniar Chand, Dock Worker, Terminals Division; 3i years, 5 months, 26 days. Estella L. Clayton, Nursing Assistant, Psychiatry, Corozal Hospital; 34 years, 10 months, 9 days. Cecilia Croker, Laundry Checker, Supply Division; 40 years, 5 months, 12 days. Elsie Z. Halliwell, Elementary and Secondary School Teacher, Division of Schools; 32 years, 24 days. Fitzgerald Henry, Laborer Cleaner, Community Services Division; 37 years, 10 months, 23 days. George A. Henry, Carpenter, Maintenance Division; 46 years, 2 months, 1 day. Septimus James, Leader Boatman, Locks Division; 39 years, 3 days. Juan Mendez, Laborer Cleaner, Community Services Division; 43 years, 9 days. Ralph H. Otten, General Architect, Engineering Division; 22 years, 1 month, 6 days. Beresford Phillips, Cement Finisher, Maintenance Division; 35 years, 9 months, 17 days. Albert E. Prince, Storekeeping Clerk, Supply Division; 39 years, 11 months, 4 days. John Simms, Deckhand, Port Captain's Office, Cristobal; 24 vears, 3 months, 21 days. John A. Sterling, Cement Finisher, Maintenance Division; 28 years, 9 days. Richard Connell, Oiler Floating Plant, Dredging Division; 47 years, 6 months. Manuel Salazar, Line Handler, Terminals Division; 16 years, 11 months. 2 days. ocean traffic on the west coast of the United States since October. It was estimated that the strike cost the Canal more than $1 million in tolls. One of the most severe slides in a number of years occurred in the Cut on the night of January 14, following an unusual January cloudburst which flooded Balboa with a record dry season rainfall of 2.06 inches in 1 hour. The slide narrowed the channel to 100 feet in one section. Traffic was delayed only 1% hours to permit examination, but two Canal dredges started work immediately to remove the slide material from the channel. 10 Years Ago THE SELECTION of William H. Dunlop as Finance Director for the Canal enterprise and approval of plans to establish a Comptroller's Office to supersede the existing Management Division were announced at Balboa Heights in January 1952, following the annual meeting of the Panama Canal Board of Directors. The reorganization of the Panama Canal administrative machinery the year before necessitated basic changes in the fiscal structure of the enterprise and development of an appropriate corporate accounting system to provide cost data necessary to determining tolls and other rates charged for goods and services provided by the Panama Canal Company, President Truman told Congress in his budget message. The President said plans called for all rates for goods and services, except tolls paid bv vessels, to be increased enough bv March to put the Company's operations on a self-sustaining basis. 1 Year Ago RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone were getting ready for their traditional participation in Isthmian Carnival events, with plans announced for raising of the blue and white flag in the Zone early in February. The John F. Wallace, first of the Panama Canal's three new and more powerful tugs arrived at Cristobal early in the month. The new vessel had participated in a rescue mission involving a group of Cuban refugees off the coast of Florida during her trip from Savannah, Ga., to the Zone. The Panama Canal Review 23

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SHIPPING Navigation Chief Named CAPT. CLAUDE S. FARMER, USN, Balboa Port Captain, has been appointed Chief of the Navigation Division, in addition to his duties as Port Captain. The office of Chief of the Navigation Division recently was reactivated by Governor Carter. In his additional position, Captain Farmer will be responsible to Capt. Richard G. Jack, Marine Director, for all matters solely or chiefly concerned with the transiting of ships through the waterway, except operation of the locks. One of the new duties to be handled by the office of the Chief of the Navigation Division is examination for and issuance of licenses for private smallboat operators. Administrative details concerning such licenses, which are required for all persons operating any type of inboard or outboard motorboat in Canal Zone waters, previously were handled in the Office of the Marine Director. New Bulk Carrier THE 35,000-deadweight-ton bulk carrier Janecke Maersk, first of two vessels of its type to be ordered in Japan by A. P. Moller of Copenhagen, was due to arrive at the Canal the last part of December on her maiden voyage from Japan to Norfolk. The two vessels reportedly were ordered under a long-term charter with Japanese iron and steel companies to carry coal from the United States east coast to Japan. The ship was built at the Tsurumi Shipyard of Nippon Kohan, where the keel of the sister ship also was laid. The second ship is due for delivery in February. C. B. Fenton & Co. represents the Maersk Line at the Canal. Liberte To Transit THE FORMER French liner Liberte, one of the world's largest ocean liners, will arrive at the Panama Canal during the last part of January as a dead tow an her way to the west coast of the United States. At Seattle, the once proud member of the French Line fleet will be used as a floating hotel, restaurant, and theater for visitors to the Seattle World's Fair, which opens in April. A RECENT ADDITION to the world fleet of superships which must be classified as "clear Cuts" for passage through the Panama Canal recently transited the waterway on her maiden voyage from Japan, where she was built in the Kure Shipyards. The vessel, named the Ore Venus, was constructed for National Bulk Carriers. She is 751 feet long and 102 feet wide. The photograph at the bottom indicates her length in comparison to the 1,000-foot long chambers of the Canal locks, while the narrow ribbon of water alongside her in the photo at left shows how snugly she fitted between the lock walls, with only 4 feet to spare on each side. She was represented at the Canal by Panama Agencies. TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING VESSELS IN NOVEMBER I960 I9SI Commercial 859 891 U.S. Government 18 15 Free 11 4 Total 888 910 TOLLS Commercial $4,303,756 $4,444,586 US. Government. 75,508 77,726 Total $4,379,264 $4,522,312 CARGO 00 Commercial 5,163,010 5,232,796 U.S. Government. 36,598 99,216 Total 5,199,608 5,332,012 Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small. "Cargo figures are in long tons. The ship, which was sold to the Northwest Leasing Co. of Seattle for $2.5 million, is to leave Le Havre on January 15 for her long trip from Europe. She will be towed the entire distance. The 51,839-ton ship has sailed under three flags— German, United States, and French. She has been sunk and raised twice during her long career. The first sinking occurred in f 928 when she was being fitted out in Bremen for her maiden voyage as the North German Lloyd liner Europe. The second sinking was in 1946 at Le Havre, just before being taken over by the French. She has been in service with the French Line since 1952 and made her last trans-Atlantic voyage in November from New York to France. 21 January 5, 1962

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