Citation
Annual report

Material Information

Title:
Annual report
Creator:
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights C.Z.
Washington D.C.
Publisher:
(multiple)
Panama Canal Company
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
annual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
24 v. : ill. ; 23 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Perodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
5th (1956)-28th (1979)
Issuing Body:
Also issued by Canal Zone Government
General Note:
Cover title
General Note:
Some years accompanied by supplements
Statement of Responsibility:
Panama Canal Company, Canal Zone Government

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
177519266 ( OCLC )
53060088 ( LCCN )
0475-6126 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Annual reports of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government
Succeeded by:
Annual report

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
cz ^*6


PANAMA


CANAL


COMPANY


CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT


ANNUAL REPORT




FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968


1.ki^^or~el'l&SCO
V

L. .t













PANAMA CANAL COMPANY
Balboa Heights, C.Z.
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT



TO THE STOCKHOLDER OF THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY:

It is my pleasure to present this review of another outstanding year of
Canal operations-a year marked by intense demands on the capabilities
of the entire staff. Surging demand for Canal services, given added
impulse by Vietnam and the Suez closure and characterized by increas-
ing transits of larger, specialized vessels, has tended to re-emphasize the
need for planned increases in Canal capacity.

Studies to this end were well under way by the end of the fiscal year.
These Canal capacity studies are aimed at rational improvements in
capacity programmed to ease restrictions when and where needed on
the basis of the greatest benefit at least cost.

Though not completed, the study is sufficiently well along to have
outlined a number of areas susceptible to improvement and programs
to that end are being analyzed as to their technical and economic
feasibility.

The essential goal now, as in the past, is a Canal capable of meeting
continuing challenge efficiently.




W. P. LEBER,
President.
























Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2009 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportpana1968pana














CONTENTS


PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION CHART
THE CANAL
ORGANIZATION
TOLLS RATES
BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS
HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS


Page
Faces page I
1
1
2
3
4


CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
TRENDS


CHAPTER II-CANAL OPERATIONS
TRANSIT OPERATIONS
MAINTENANCE .
CANAL PROJECTS


CHAPTER Ill-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS
EMPLOYEE SERVICES
TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES
HOUSING


CHAPTER IV-PERSONNEL
FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY .
TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS


CHAPTER V-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA
Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports

NARRATIVE STATEMENT
Financial Results
Equity of the U.S. Government






CONTENTS


Financial Tables
Page
TABLE I.--Comparative Statement of Financial Condition 30
Notes pertaining to financial statements 30
TABLE 2.- Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses 33
TABLE 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the IU.S. Government 33
TABLE 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds 34
TABLE 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses 34
TFABLE 6.-Transit Operations-Statement of Revenue and Operating
Expenses 35
TABLE 7.-Supporting Services-Statement of Revenue and Operating
Expenses 36
TABLE 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses .37
TABLE 9.-Inventories 38
TABLE 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets 40


Shipping Statistics


TABLE II.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal, Fiscal Years 1958-1968 42
TABLE 12.-Traffic by Months, Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967 43
TABLE 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel 44
TABLE 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic by Type of Vessel 46
T"ABLE 15.- Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel 48
TABLE 16.-Frequency of Transits of Vessels Through Panama Canal 50
TABLE 17.-Segregation of Transits by Registered Gross Tonnage 52
TFABLE 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped through Canal 54
TABLE 19.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal
From Atlantic to Pacific Segregated by Countries in Principal
Trade Areas 58
TABLE 20.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal
From Pacific to Atlantic Segregated by Countries in Principal
Trade Areas 64
T"ABLE 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific 74
TABLE 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic 77
TABLE 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes,
Atlantic to Pacific 82
TABLE 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes,
Pacific to Atlantic 105





CONTENTS


Other Statistics
Page

TABLE 25.-W\ater Supply and Usage 124
TABLE 26.-Dredging Operations 124
TABLE 27.-Electric Power Generated 125






CONTENTS


CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT


Page
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 127
ORGANIZATION CHART 128
INTRODUCTION 129

CHAPTER I-GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES

Health 131
Education 133
Police and Fire Protection 134
Miscellaneous Activities 137


CHAPTER II-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA
Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports

NARRATIVE STATEMENT 139
Invested Capital 140
Capital Expenditures 140
Financial Results 141


TABLE 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Condition 140
TABLE 2.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the 1T.S. Government 142
TABLE 3.-Statement of Operations 143
TABLE 4.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets 144

CHAPTER Ill-STATISTICAL TABLES


TABLE 5.-Hospital Occupancy 145
TABLE 6.-School Enrollment 146
FABLE 7.-Police Statistics 146
TABLE 8.-Fire Division Statistics 146
TABLE 9.-Postal Service Statistics 147
TABLE 10.-Customs Activities 147
Area of the Canal Zone 147





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


PRESIDENT
OF THE
UNITED STATES

I
STOCKHOLDER


BOARD OF DIRECTORS


PRESIDENT
COMPTROLLER VICE PRESIDENT SECRETARY

RESPONSIBILITIES AS SET RISIIISUEULITIE S AS SET
FORTH UNDER ARTICLE V FORTH UNDER ART CLE V
SEC TION 5, PANAMA CANAL SECTIDN 6, PANAMA CANAL
CD-.NY BYLAWS COMPANY BYLAWS


EXECUTIVE
PLANNING STAFF
CHIEF

LONG RAUCE PLANNING
CAPITAL BuOGIT
MANAGEMENT STUDIES a SURVEYS
CANAL TRAFFIC STATISTICS
ECONOMIC STUDIES
ANNUAL ND MONTHLY REPORTS
COOROINATION OF CIVIC COUNCIL
PROGRAMS


PERSONNEL
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

EMPLOYEE UTILIZATION AND
DEVELOPMENT
EMPLOYEE- MANAGEMENT RELATIONS
EMPLOYMENT AND PLACEMENTS
WAGE AND SALARY ADMINISTRATION
CIVIL SERVICE LIAISON
CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE










MARINE
BUREAU


DIOtRECTOR

CANAL NAVIGATION
MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL
PDRT OPERATION
LOCKS OPERATION a MAINTENANCE
SHIP REPAIRm
SOARO OF LOCAL INSPECTORS
AOMEASURE -r'T
BOARDING ;-i .


OFFICE OF
GENERAL COUNSEL

GENERAL COUNSEL

LITIGATION
LEGAL REVIEW
LEGISLATION
ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS ANO
PROCEEDINGS


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

DESIGN, CONSTR B INSPEC
MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS,
STRUCTURES N UTILITIES
STREETS, ROAOS N SEWERS
PUBLIC UTILITY OPERATIONS
SURVEYS AND MAPPING
METEOROLOGY a HYDROGRAPHY
CHANNEL MAINTENANCE
t Goverm~entlo lncisons


PRESIDENT


VICE PRESIDENT


SECRETARY,
COMPTROLLER


.1


PANAMA CANAL
INFORMATION OFFICE
INFORMATION OFFICER

PUBLIC RELATIONS ACTIVITIES
PUBLICATIONS
PRESS SERVICES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS
CANAL ZONE GUIOE SERvirE


SUPPLY AND
COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

PROCUREMENT
STOREHOUSES
EMPLOYEE SALES
EMPLOYEE QUARTERS
*BuILDINGS ANN GROUNDS
T CEMETERIES
GUEST HOUSE

tGovernmental functions


SAFETY
BRANCH
CHIEF

DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
DF ACCIDENT PREVENTION
PROGRAM
SUPERVISION ANO PROMOTION OF
SAFETY MEASURES


TRANSPORTATION
AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

TERMINALS, PIERS ANO OOCKS
MARINE BUNKERING
MOTOR TRANSPORTATION
PANAMA RAILROAD
WATER TRANSPORTATION


WALTER P LEBER
MAJ. GENERAL, US ARMY
H.R PARFITT
COLONEL, U S ARMY
W MERRILL WHITMAN

PHILIP L, STEERS, JR






OFFICE OF EXEC, ASST
TO THE PRESIDENT
EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT
ADMIN STR ATIVE ASSISTANT
ADVISOR AN LIAISON OFFICER IN
THE FORMULATION OF POLICIES
EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT
COMMUNITY RELATIONS LIAISON
COORDINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE
SERVICES &ND PROCEDURES
INCLUDING GENERAL SUPER-
VISION BY ADMINISTRATIVE
ASSISTANT OF ADMINISTRATIVEE
SERVICES DIVISION


JUNE 30,1968


STOCKHOLDER
STANLEY R RESDR, SEC'T OP ARMY



GENERAL OFFICERS

CHAIRMAN OF 90ARO HON DAVIO E McGIFFERT
UNDER SEC'Y OF ARMY












INTRODUCTION


THE CANAL
The Panama Canal is a lock-type canal approximately 51 miles long from
deep water to deep water. The minimum width in the dredged channel is
500 ,50 feet with the exception of approximately one and one-half miles in Gaillard
Cut which are currently being widened from the previous minimum of 300 feet
and which will be completed in 1969. Navigable channel depth varies
according to the amount of water available in Canal water storage areas.
The normal range of permissible transit draft is from 37 feet to 40 feet
with current Company planning aiming at future minimum levels of 39 feet
year around.
Vessels transiting the Canal are raised in three steps to the level of Gatun
Lake, the principal source of Canal water, then lowered to sea level again
in three steps. The three sets of Canal locks are paired which permits
simultaneous lockage of two vessels in the same direction or of two vessels
passing in opposite directions.
Since August of 1914, the official date of its opening, the Panama Canal
has served world trade virtually without interruption. Through this fiscal
year a total of 403,230 vessels of all types have transited with 321,457 or
79.7 percent of the total being of the ocean-going commercial class. The
additional role of the Canal in the service of the national intkarest during years
of war and strife from World War I through Vietnam is well documented
and incontestable.
ORGANIZATION
The Panama Canal Company is under the direction of a Board of Directors
appointed by the Secretary of the Army in his capacity as "Stockholder" and
representative of the President of the United States. Management is by a
career force comparable in selection and status to all personnel under U.S.
civil service as well as by military personnel (including the Governor, the
Lieutenant Governor and a number of other ranking positions) assigned to
the organization.
The basic mission of the Company is the efficient operation and maintenance
of the Panama Canal as well as the conduct of business-type activities inci-
dent to operations of the Canal and of the Canal Zone Government. The
Company and the Canal Zone Government, the independent agency of the
United States charged with the civil government of the Canal Zone, are
closely related in mission, organization and operations. Their combined
function is the administration of the Panama Canal enterprise as a whole.
The Governor of the Canal Zone, as appointed by the President of the United





INTRODUCTION


States, is responsible for the administration of the Canal Zone Government,
under the supervision of the Secretary of the Army, and is ex officio a
Director and President of the Company.
The Panama Canal Company is expected to: (a) recover all costs of operation
of its facilities, including depreciation, (b) pay interest to the U.S. Treasury
on the net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the Company, and
(c) reimburse the Treasury for annuity payments to the Republic of Panama
under the convention of 1903 as modified by the treaty of 1936 between the
two governments. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay into
the U.S. Treasury the net costs of the Canal Zone Government, including
depreciation.
Annually the Board of Directors is required to determine the Company's
working capital requirements together with anticipated expenditures for
authorized replacement and expansion of facilities. Funds in excess of the
required amounts axe to be returned to the Treasury as repayment of capital.
Funds other than working balances are carried with the U.S. Treasury.
Company activities are classified as transit operations or supporting
services. Transit operations cover functions directly related to the water-
way, the transiting of ships, and to services to shipping including channel
maintenance and locks operation. Supporting services include vessel repairs,
harbor terminal operations, the railroad, the Company supply ship, motor
transportation facilities, storehouses, an electric power system, communica-
tion system, a water system, and many other services essential to employee
welfare such as retail stores, restaurants, and quarters.
TOLLS RATE
The rates of Canal tolls remained unchanged during the year. Tolls rates
are as follows:
(a) On merchant vessels, Army and Navy transports, tankers, hospital
ships, supply ships, and yachts when carrying passengers or cargo,: 90 cents
per net vessel-ton of 100 cubic feet of actual earning capacity. Such ton-
nage is determined in accordance with the "Rules for the Measurement of
Vessels for the Panama Canal;"
(b) On such vessels in ballast, without passengers or cargo: 72 cents per
net vessel-ton;
(c) On other floating craft: 50 cents per ton of displacement.
Tolls charges are at the same level as set on March 1, 1938. They are
lower than those charged prior to that date.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 3

BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS

Board of Directors

Hon. STANLEY R. RESOR, Stockholder
Secretary of the Army


Hon. DAVID E. McCIFFERT, Chairman of the Board
Under Secretary of the Army


Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER, U.S. Army
Governor of the Canal Zone


Hon. DONALD G. AGGER, Department of Transportation

STEPHEN AILES, Steptoe and Johnson

Dr. JOHN C. ELAC, Institute for Latin American Integration

Hon. J. K. MANSFIELD, Department of State

ROBERT C. MITCHELL, First Federal Savings and Loan Association

Hon. COVEY T. OLIVER. Department of State

HOWARD C. PETERSEN, Fidelity Philadelphia Trust Company

Dr. CHARLES J. ZINN, Law Revision Counsel, Committee on
the Judiciary, House of Representatives.



General Officers

Hon. DAVID E. McGIFFERT, Chairman of the Board

Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER. USA, President

Col. H. R. PARFITT, USA, Vice President

PHILIP L. STEERS, Jr., Comptroller

W. M. WHITMAN, Secretary






INTRODUCTION


COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS


Oceangoing transits:
Commercial --
Government --------
Free ---_
Total --- -

Daily Average-
Small transits:
Commercial-
Government
Free-------
Total ----

Total cargo:
Commercial
Government
Free----- _
Total

Total tolls and tolls credits:
Commercial- ---
Government
Total- .


---- -- 13,199
.-----. 1,504
104
14,807


571
121
12
704


96,558,522
8,497,265
482,531
105,538,318


-------- 83,943,461
-__---- 9,211,220
$93,154,681


Number of full-time Company employees (as of June 30):
Non-U.S. citizen -__--_ _-___ ___ 9,800 9,431
U.S. citizen ---- -- ---- 2,489 2,626*
Total Company employees _- 12,289 12,057
*Includes 120 SS Cristobal employees classified as full-time in 1967 and considered to be
intermittent employees for force ceiling purposes in 1968.


Fiscal year
1968 1967


12,412
879
94
13,385

36.7

570
101
14
685


86,207,511
6,147,565
642,882
92,997,958


$76,804,031
5,492,625
$82,296,656








.- -


* -I


.1 -



U'


The U.S. Battleship "New Jersey" prepares to enter the first chamber southbound at Gatun Locks on the Atlantic side.


- -." V.S-













Chapter I



CANAL TRAFFIC

TRAFFIC
Panama Canal traffic rose dramatically during fiscal year 1968 to exceed
all previous records. Two dominant forces, the Vietnam war and the Suez
closure, have had a significant effect on all aspects of Canal traffic: transits,
cargo transited, and tolls.
Total oceangoing transists were 14,807, 10.6 percent above last year's
13,385. Of the total, 13,199 were commercial transits, 1,504 were U.S. Gov-
ernment and 104 were free Colombian and repair transits. Comparable
figures for fiscal 1967 were: commercial 12,412, U.S. Government 879, and
free 94 transits. Total transits of small vessels, which do not play an impor-
tant role in Canal traffic, were 704 compared to 685 in 1967.
A total of 105,538,318 long tons of cargo passed through the Canal in
1968, exceeding the 1967 level by 12,540,360 tons for an increase of 13.5
percent. Cargo carried in oceangoing vessels was 96,550,165 long tons
commercial, 8,497,221 tons U.S. Government and some 482,483 long tons
by the free category. The most impressive gain was a 38 percent increase
in U.S. Government cargo transited from the 6,147,479 long tons of 1967
followed by the 12 percent gain in commercial from the 86,193,430 of the
prior year. Cargo carried by free Colombian and repair transits declined
from 642,882 long tons by 25 percent. Total cargo carried by small vessels
transiting the Canal was negligible.
Total tolls and tolls credits also increased significantly (as did Panama
Canal net measurement tons, the basis for tolls) to $93,154,681 compared to
$82,296,638 in 1967 for a 13.2 percent increase. Oceangoing commercial
tolls were up $7,138,457 to $83,907,062; Covernment tolls credits rose by
$3,722,249 to $9,206,815. Tolls and tolls credits for small craft were $39,772.
A tabulation of the four principal features of oceangoing traffic for the past
3 years is shown below:
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966
Number of oceangoing transits --__ 14,807 13,385 12,601
Panama Canal net measurement tons and
reconstructed displacement tonnage--_ 107,950,650 95,354,709 83,401,495
Cargo (long tons) ___ 105,529,869 92,983,791 85,302,330
Total tolls and tolls credits ------------- $93,113,877 $82,253,172 $72,541,348
Vietnam has affected traffic directly and indirectly. The direct impact is





































PRINCIPAL COMMODITY GROUPS
TRANSITING THE CANAL
OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO
FY 1968


PERCENT OF TOTAL CARGO


PETROLEUM a PRODUCTS


COAL 5 COKE


ORES 6 METALS


GRAINS


NITRATES, PHOSPHATES 6 POTASH


MISC AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES


LUMBER a PRODUCTS


MANUFACTURES OF IRON R STEEL


CANNED B REFRIGERATED FOODS


MISC MINERALS


CHEMICALS 5 PETROCHEMICALS


MACHINERY 8 EQUIPMENT


IB.39%


13.66 %


13.45%


ROT%

10.21%

8.37%






6.25%


6.20%


3.93%









1.62%



0 2 4 6 R 10 12 14 16 18 20
(MILLIONS OF LONG TONS)


CANAL TRAFFIC


Chorl A





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


immediately noticeable in the sharp rise in Government traffic which, pre-
Vietnam, averaged something less than 300 transits, 1.4 million tons of cargo
and $1.6 million tolls credits annually. Another indication of the magnitude
of Vietnam is gained by comparing the 1,504 Government transits of 1968
to the 1,064 such transits at the peak of the Korean War. It is also significant
that vessels were, on average, 16 percent smaller during the Korean war period.
While sharply rising Government traffic directly reflects the heightened
level of involvement in Vietnam, increased oceangoing commercial traffic is also
indirectly a result of it. Offshore purchases by the Department of Defense,
military personnel and U.S. industrial spending in the Pacific basin has tended
to stimulate the economies of a number of countries that are important to the
Canal, principally Japan.
The second upward force on Canal traffic, the closure of the Suez Canal, has
affected both commercial and Government traffic. The impact of Suez, which
closed just prior to the beginning of the fiscal year and which to date has not
been reopened, was felt during the entire year and continues to be an active
force in Canal traffic. Principally affected have been vessels normally plying
the route from various eastern European, Mediterranean and Black Sea ports
to the Far East which are now re-routing via the longer Panama Canal route.
In addition, U.S. Government vessels which previously transited Suez to
Vietnam have now been added to the Panama traffic pattern.
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
A number of commodity groups have maintained relatively stable levels
of importance to Canal traffic in recent years, Chart A, page 8 shows the
groups as they stood in 1968 in descending order of importance. The groups
shown accounted for 94 percent of total oceangoing commercial cargo in 1968
and 92 percent in 1967. All commodity groups increased in volume in
1968 with the exception of chemicals and petro chemicals which remained
virtually unchanged.
The most significant change occurred in shipments of coal and coke which
rose sharply from 9.4 million long tons in 1967 to 13.2 million tons in 1968.
Coal movements which represent 99 percent of the total commodity group
were virtually all (98 pea-cent) destined for Japan as coking coal for use by
the Japanese steel industry. Significant in the increase was some 752,000
long tons of coal out of Baltic Poland and Black Sea Russian ports to Japan-
shipments which would normally have been routed via the shorter Suez route.
Though the commodity group ores and metals showed only modest
improvement as a group, up 6.7 percent from the prior year, the individual
commodities comprising the group underwent some sharp changes. Greatly
reduced shipments of scrap metal to Japan, reflecting a decrease in imports
of scrap for the steelmaking process, were more than offset by major move-
ments of pig iron from European and Soviet ports to Japan re-routing through
Panama because of Suez. In 1967, the last month of which was affected
by Suez, some 351,000 long tons of iron metal moved along the Panama Canal
route while in 1968, 1.6 million tons were transited. The exact amount
accruing to the Panama Canal because of Suez can only be estimated, but








Churl 8 RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF CARGO MOVEMENTS
TO AND FROM THE FAR EAST AND TO AND FROM JAPAN 0
OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO
FY 1947-1968

TOTAL CARGO
100



90



80



70



60



50



.. .40





---- 3 20





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


at least 1 million tons would appear to be a conservative estimate. Also in
the commodity group, reduced copper shipments were similarly offset by
increased movement of bauxite from Australia to the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Iron ore and pellets from the West Coast of South America to Europe and
the United States continued the downward trend as shipments dropped to
3.1 million tons from 3.9 million tons in 1967; such shipments represented
97 percent of total iron ore and pellets in 1967 and virtually 100 percent
in 1968.
Still the number one commodity group in Canal traffic, petroleum and
products rose 5.7 percent to 17.6 million long tons in 1968 from the 16.8
million tons in 1967. Crude oil shipments, which represented 30 percent of
the group, increased in 1968 by 11.6 percent with most of the increase
accruing in Venezuelan shipments to Ecuador and Peru which served to offset
declining crude shipments from Venezuela to the West Coast of the United
States. Other commodities within the group such as kerosene and jet fuel
and diesel and fuel oil were up moderately while gasoline shipments declined
by some 250,000 tons reflecting Department of the Interior restrictions on
imports from Puerto Rico to the West Coast of the United States which took
effect about the middle of 1968.
One salient characteristic of 1968 commodity movements has been the
continuation of the trend toward extreme concentration of shipments to
specific areas and countries of the world. As Chart B, page 10 indicates Asia
is now responsible for approximately 48 percent of cargo through the Canal
on the basis of origin and destination. Further, a single country Japan, con-
tinued its rise in the ranks of Canal customers to a level of 39 percent of
total oceangoing commercial cargo on the same basis. In part Vietnam and
Suez have accounted for the extremely sharp rise of 1968, but a review of
Chart B and the data from 1947 indicates the continuous upward trend.
Nine major trade routes in Canal traffic are shown in tabular form in the
following table with a comparison of their importance in 1967 and 1968. Two
routes showing the sharpest rise in cargo movement, East Coast United States-
Asia and West Indies-Asia, further demonstrate the tendency of the traffic to
the Far East. A third sharply rising route Europe-Oceania would appear to
be at least partially due to the Suez closure as European shipments to Australia,
the bulk of which normally go via the Suez route, shifted to Panama.






CANAL TRAFFIC


MAJOR TRADE ROUTES IN CANAL TRAFFIC


Trade route
East Coast United States-Asia ------ -
Europe-West Coast United States, Hawaii, and Canad
East Coast United States-West Coast South America-,
Europe-West Coast South America..--......- .
U.S. Intercoastal (including Alaska and Hawaii).-
South America Intercoastal------------------
West Indies-Asia ...-..............--.......----
Europe-Oceania -------------- _.......__..
Europe-Asia ----------------. ....
Subtotal.--------------- .. ...
All other routes .----------............-- .....-
Total .


Fiscal year
(in thousands of tons)

1968 1967
Panama Panama
Canal Long Canal Long
net tons net tons
tons cargo tons cargo
30,249 34,691 25,085 29,742
a .... 7,870 7,481 7,321 6,916
.------.. 8,382 6,778 9,680 7,867
7,603 5,901 7,425 5,754
-- 4,306 4,678 5,065 5,273
---- -- 2,812 3,498 2,144 3,163
.-.-. 2,166 2,618 2,022 2,001
.------- -.. 3,524 2,752 3,075 2,184
-------- 3,582 4,642 1,030 1,075
----------- 70,494 73,039 62,847 63.975
----- ... 25,994 23,511 25,419 22,218
96,488 96,550 88,266 86,193


TRENDS

The high traffic level of 1968, and to a lesser degree the levels of 1966 and
1967, was largely a reflection of one or both of two unrelated political events
and was only in part influenced by economic secular trends. Concurrent
with any effective settlement of the conflict in either or both of the problem
areas, Vietnam and Suez, will be a beginning of lowering demand for Canal
services generated by the conflicts. The timing, depth and sequence of
reductions in such demand will be dictated by the nature and timing of
the settlement.
If, as anticipated, settlements are achieved in both Vietnam and Suez within
the next several years there should be a significant short-term drop in cargo
transited and a leveling out effect on tolls and transits until longer term growth
again offsets the temporary decline. Neither tolls nor transits will drop
in proportion to the reduced cargo volume since excess shipping capacity
should result in about the same number of ships carrying less cargo. This
lower load factor combining with the somewhat larger ships expected to ply
the Canal routes should serve to stabilize tolls over the recovery from any
reduction of Vietnam activity and the re-opening of Suez.
Over the long term all studies show nothing but growth in most aspects
of Canal traffic.


Percent in-
crease or
(decrease)

Panama
Canal Long
net tons
tons cargo
20.6 16.6
7.5 8.2
(13.4) (13.8)
2.4 2.6
(15.0) (11.3)
31.2 10.6
7.1 30.8
14.6 26.0
247.8 331.8
12.2 14.2
10.2 5.8
9.3 12.0












Chapter II



CANAL OPERATIONS

Canal operations may be grouped according to basic functions as transit
operations, maintenance, and special projects. These functions are not mutually
exclusive and are the responsibility of several bureaus within the Canal agency.
TRANSIT OPERATIONS
Transit operations during fiscal 1968 involved the largest number of ocean-
going vessels ever handled through the Panama Canal. Not only did the
14,807 transits represent an increase of 10.6 percent over 1967 traffic, but
the transiting ships were, on average, some 2.3 percent larger as measured in
Panama Canal net tons. Ship beam size provides another basic indicator of
transit workload. In 1968, 1,593 transiting ships were in the 80 foot and
over beam class compared to 1,309 in 1967, and 260 vessels were 100 foot
beam and over versus 232 in 1967. In addition, more large vessels transited
at deeper draft than ever before with 1,160 ships drawing 34 or more feet
while only 900 such deep draft transits were registered in 1967.
The basic significance of larger, beamier, deeper draft ships transiting in
greater number is the increased handling time necessary as well as the higher
levels of coordination of operations and personnel skills required. Large,
deeply laden vessels require moire tugboat assistance, are more difficult to
con through the Canal, take longer and require more careful handling
approaching the locks and locking through, and always present a greater
handling risk sometimes compounded by the type of cargo carried such as
highly volatile aviation gasoline. During 1968 large ship transits were made
somewhat more difficult because of continuing excavation in the remaining
narrow reaches of Gaillard Cut.
A new record in daily transits was established in February 1968 when
65 oceangoing vessels transited in a 24-hour period, reflecting the working
off of a backlog of ships awaiting transit due to the Shozan Maru incident
discussed below. In addition, a new sustained high traffic level was set
during April 21 through the 29 when 428 oceangoing ships transited for
a daily average of 47.6 transits, as heavier than usual workloads coincided
with routine locks overhaul creating a temporary backlog. Time spent by
vessels in Canal Zone waters, excluding time spent for their own account,
was an average of 18 hours per transit compared to the 14-hour average
during 1967. The number of ships spending more than 24 hours in Canal
Zone waters reached 3,110 or 21 percent of the total.























SA.

L


The "Shozan Maru" down by the bow after striking the bank was refloated and the channel cleared for traffic in less than 24 hours.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Two major accidents occurred in 1968 one of which could have had very
serious consequences if it had not been handled rapidly and efficaciously.
On February 25, the Shozan Marni laden with iron ore sheered and struck the
east bank in Gaillard Cut holing the vessel and causing it to sink in the Cut
channel. Though damage to the Shozan Marn was serious, the possible conse-
quences to world shipping of a Canal closed to transit for any length of time far
outweighed the immediate damage to the ship. That the channel was closed
only 18 hours and 20 minutes is a genuine tribute to the capabilities of the
work force of the Panama Canal which succeeded in refloating the vessel
using air pumped into the hull and removing it from the Cut. A second
accident which did not affect Canal traffic occurred when the Oriana struck
the bank in Bohio reach causing damage and delay losses in excess of $1 million.

MAINTENANCE
The Panama Canal, now in its second half century of operation, has required
constant maintenance, design improvements and structural up-grading without
which the Canal could not have fulfilled its task over the years. Such
basically routine functions as channel dredging, maintenance of channel
markers and locks overhauls were accomplished in 1968 with the same high
level of competence as in past years.
Approximately 1.5 million cubic yards of earth and rock were dredged from
the Canal channel, the Pacific and Atlantic entrances and from various harbor
areas in regular maintenance dredging programs. In addition, considerable
dredging was completed under special programs and some emergency removal
became necessary during the year because of material moving into the channel
due to construction blasting.
Some 2,500 navigational aids located in the channel and its approaches
were in service and were maintained during 1968. The total includes the
electrically operated fluorescent luminaries which comprise the Gaillard Cut
lighting system and the Gatun and Miraflores locks approach lighting. The
magnitude of the job can be appreciated when it is recalled that the fully
marked Canal channel from breakwater to breakwater is over 50 miles long.
The methods used for Locks Maintenance, a vital part of maintaining an
efficient Canal, have been constantly improved over the years. The overhaul
of Gatun Locks during the 1968 dry season utilized a system in use since 1961
marking the last year in which that particular system will be used. The over-
haul was accomplished in four stages, each requiring approximately 20 days
of lane outage causing a moderate backlog of ships waiting to transit. Future
major overhauls will reduce lane outage time to 6 days or less which, in view
of ever rising transits will be not only desirable but necessary to continued
efficient performance.
It is easy to slide over or dismiss maintenance as "routine" especially when
more dramatic aspects of Canal operations are considered, but it is well to
remember that the net value of the Panama Canal Company property, plant
and equipment is almost $500 million, and that maintenance and improvement
of fixed plant are the backbone of the organization.

CANAL PROJECTS
All Canal improvements projects are designed to either enhance capacity
or safety or both. Current studies to improve the Canal were begun in 1967
















I a *' ', r 'ljl J '
v KIU [M : '^s' '- j ai
-K m m"Ba' J


. r.-


~rfr~~W'~





~ev


Gatun Locks overhaul proceeds with business as usual. Shown are the floating crane "Hercules" placing a locks gate while the SS "Zoella
Lykes" prepares to lock down.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


as an extension of previous studies and continued through the fiscal year just
past. Considerable time and effort were expended during the year running
Canal capacity studies at the three locks sites, feeding the data into computers
for simulation tests and selecting, testing, accepting or rejecting a variety of
proposals for improvement. Though studies are not vet complete a number
of promising areas for real improvement have been outlined as possible
future projects.
One project currently under way and scheduled for completion in 1969 is
the widening of Gaillard Cut to a full 500 feet along its entire length. This
project, a result of prior studies, is only one and one half miles from completion
and when completed will provide a decidedly safer channel than before.
A potentially dangerous situation developed during 1968 which required
immediate emergency action. During April a pattern of large ground cracks
extending 1,200 feet along the slope of the Canal on the west side of Culebra
reach in Gaillard Cut were discovered. An immediate full scale investigation
was initiated in order to determine the geologic structure of the mass in
motion, its cubic magnitude, and the rate of surface motion. Field inspection
showed that to a lesser degree the cracks extended 2,800 feet farther north
for a total distance of 4,000 feet involving most of the west bank of Culebra
reach. An extensive surface and subsurface field monitoring system was put
into action and the adjacent channel was put under 24-hour surveillance.
Lime slurry was placed in cracks at strategic locations, diversion ditches were
dug, and sandbag revetments were put in rock areas in order to divert rainfall
from the cracks. Action taken during 1968 was essentially of an emergency
nature while any permanent changes such as grading back would have to
await the 1969 dry season.









-7
-.

I- .. -
- -- ~t.a.. IK4~L~







-.- ~m.


MMM M- ,'er -


The "Nelson C. White," a relatively new Canal customer, navigates the narrow Bas Obispo reach while Cut widening operations are under way.












Chapter III



SUPPORTING OPERATIONS

Panama Canal support operations are in the long run as vital to the smooth
working of the organization as any of the other activities within the agency.
In most cases support operations perform a dual role as direct backup to
Company/Covernmment operations and indirectly via the provision of em-
ployee services which ultimately redound to the organization's benefit. For
convenience of discussion the operations are grouped under: Employee
Services, Transportation and Public Utilities, and Housing.
EMPLOYEE SERVICES
Employee services include the provision of retail stores, service centers,
theatres, and various other recreational facilities.
The retail stores in the Canal Zone are combination stores operated by the
Panama Canal Company and are located in all major Canal Zone commu-
nities. Various supplies for home and personal use are stocked including
food items, clothing, furniture, and other products such as would be found
in similar retail outlets in the United States. With some exceptions prices
during the year were maintained roughly on a par with prices of a private
retail chain located in New Orleans, the site of Panama Canal Company
procurement.
In 1968 total marketing operations grossed approximately $26.8 million,
or $1.8 million over the previous year. Though the Canal Zone population
has been relatively stable over the years and total sales at retail have reflected
this stability, some growth has occurred and wage increases of recent years
have resulted in higher sales as employees have upgraded their purchases.
An additional and considerable part of the increase has, of course, been the
result of inflation keyed to U.S. price increases as well as autonomous Canal
Zone increases designed to cover higher wage costs. Prices of food items
rose some 3 percent, apparel approximately 5.5 percent, personal care items
some 4 percent, and all items rose approximately 7 percent during the year.
TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES
The operations of harbor terminals, the railroad, and motor and water
transportation facilities are managed by the Transportation and Terminals
Bureau.
Basically, terminals operations involve the handling of general cargo and
petroleum shipments for the Canal Zone, the Republic of Panama, and in





SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


and out shipments that are dropped at the piers for transshipment. The
cargo tonnage workload handled, transferred, and stevedored during 1968
declined some 86,000 tons to 2,361,000 from 2,447,000 tons in 1967. The
decline was primarily due to the competition of a private Panamanian steve-
doring firm which began its operation in May of 1967, and secondarily to
the diversion of some roll-on roll-off cargo to Las Minas Bay, Panama, since
handling facilities for this type of cargo do not exist in the Canal Zone.
Marine bunkering operations increased substantially in 1968 over the prior
year with 61.5 million barrels passing through Panama Canal Company
facilities this year versus 48.3 million previously. The increase is largely
due to higher Canal traffic, high ocean freight rates and the convenience and
apparent price attractiveness of bunkering in the Canal area when transiting.
All bunker fuel sold is by private firms with the only return to the Panama
Canal Company being for the use of storage and handling facilities.
Operations of the Panama Railroad reached new highs during 1968 as
freight tonnage of 209,414 tons and passenger travel of 836,192 travelers
exceeded the previous year by 6 and 13 percent respectively. The increased
number of passengers carried is especially noteworthy as it was the first time
in over 25 years that more than 800,000 persons traveled on the railroad
during any single year. The freight load of 209,414 tons was also a record
breaker. It has been over two decades since the railroad carried more than
200,000 tons of freight, the last time being just prior to the opening of the
competitive Trans-lsthmian Highway to full commercial use.
Motor Transportation comprises a vehicle fleet of 720 and consolidated
repair shops and garages on both sides of the Isthmus. In addition, the
franchised public bus transportation system operating in the Canal Zone is
supervised by the Motor Transportation Division. Total vehicle mileage by
the fleet was 8.7 million miles in 1968 as compared to 7.7 million in 1967.
Transportation services income, including cost transfers, increased to $2.7
million from $2.5 million in the previous year. Vehicle use includes: the
transportation of Company/Government employees on official business, the
moving of heavy construction equipment to on site locations, the hauling of
petroleum products for power generation, and the bussing of school children.
The Panama Canal also owns and operates an oceangoing steamship, the
SS Cristobal, which operates as a combination passenger-cargo vessel between
the Canal Zone port of Cristobal and New Orleans. The vessel makes a
scheduled 27 round trip voyages annually. Passengers carried in 1968 were
up slightly to 6,200 from the 6,100 of 1967. Freight carried declined by
2 percent during the year, while operating expenses increased tlb't.AIti ill.
in 1968 reflecting increased New Orleans handling costs as well .a, ir ri.-t..
crew wages and benefits. These costs were partially offset by increased
freight rates, but the over-all operating deficit was still $107,000 compared
to $162,000 in 1967 of which $89,000 was a special non-recurring item.
Public utilities services are provided by a number of Canal Company
organizations not only to the Company/Government and their employees and
dependents, but to the military and other Government agencies, private
organizations and firms, and others in the Canal Zone. The system is inter-
connected with a private power system in the Republic of Panama and some
power is interchanged.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Electric power requirements increased in 1968, as they have in all recent
years. The peak load reached during the year was 95,400 kilowatts compared
to the previous high of 92,100 kilowatts during 1967. Total gross power
generated by Company hydroelectric and thermal generating units and
purchases of power from commercial and military sources totaled 622,252,800
kilowatt hours during the year. In order to temporarily ease the power
shortage problem, the Company leased late in 1968 the floating nuclear
power plant Sturgis which will add 10 megawatts to plant. A partial,
longer-term solution will be the construction by the Military of a 33-megawatt
plant at the Miraflores plant site to meet added military requirements, and
another possible long-term solution is to be offered by the construction of a
power plant in the Republic of Panama for partial use by the Company/
Government on a contract basis. This installation will, in conjunction with
the military plant, provide sufficient extra capacity to meet emergency
demands as well as day-to-day operational demands.
With the assistance of private consulting engineers, specifications were
prepared and bids invited during 1968 for the replacement of the Balboa and
Pedro Miguel telephone exchanges. A complete new telephone system for
the entire Canal Zone was considered, but only the most critically needed
segments of the system will be replaced at this time. The new exchanges
should be in operation during 1970.
Filtered water production increased during the year to meet the additional
demand from the Republic of Panama as well as the Canal Zone. It is now
estimated that plant capacity will be reached during 1969 and the Govern-
ment of Panama has been so advised and is taking the steps necessary to
alleviate the problem. A 56 million gallon per day plant is being planned
to serve Panama City and surrounding areas, using the Madden reservoir as
a source of raw water.
HOUSING
The provision of adequate housing has been a chronic problem in the
Canal Zone. A brief study made by representatives of the Federal Housing
Administration in 1968 at Company request confirmed that at least 862 U.S.
housing units, or approximately one third of the total, are ". undesirable
or substandard as compared to what an American family in a similar income
group would prefer, if acting intelligently and well informed in a free rental
market." The average age of Company U.S. citizen housing is approximately
25 years with no new houses having been built in the last 5 years. Though
age per se is not an indication of quality, a large part of Company housing
was built of wood in a tropical environment not suitable to wood frame
construction, built during the Depression or World War II according to the
restrictive standards of those two hardship periods, and in many cases was
built along construction camp lines for supposedly temporary use.
Inadequate housing is now deemed to be a basic reason for many U.S.
hire employees leaving the Company/Government after expiration of the
initial 2 year contract. The high turnover rate especially applies to the
professional category individual. Data covering U.S. citizen family housing
is shown in the table below:




























Pre World War II housing as shown above still represents a considerable portion of U.S. citizen Company/Government housing.


_ .-,--. f





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 23


U.S. CITIZEN FAMILY HOUSING
June 30, 1968 June 30, 1967
Total family units ----------------------------- 2,506 2,507
Occupied -------------------------------- 2,418 2,404
Vacant ----------------------- 88 103
Families in bachelor units ----------------------- 100 82
Vacancy factor -------------------------------- 3.5 4.1
Family in leased apartments in R. P.--------------- 34 33













Chapter IV



PERSONNEL'

The Personnel Bureau of the Panama Canal Company administers and
manages a variety of functions for, in 1968, 16,094 employees of the Company
and the Canal Zone Government. Its functions are performed within the
framework of laws, executive orders, and regulations applicable to Federal
employees generally, together with applicable provisions of the Canal Zone
code and regulations of the President of the United States and the Secretary
of the Army relating to employees of Government agencies in the Canal Zone,
and the bylaws of the Panama Canal Company.

FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY
The total civilian force of the Company/Government in the Canal Zone
as of June 30, 1968, was 15,893 as compared to 15,282 as of the same date
in 1967; the increase of 611 persons represents an approximate 4 percent gain.
In addition to the Canal Zone force there were 157 employees in the United
States (4 in Washington, 29 in New Orleans, and 124 officers and crew of
the SS Cristobal), 10 in the Republic of Panama and 34 military employees
located in the Canal Zone not included in the figures above. The work
force of the Company/Government organization in the Canal Zone is composed
of 74 percent Non-U.S. citizens (predominantly Panamanian) and 26 percent
U.S. citizens.
A comparative tabulation of the Company/Government full-time force is
shown below by citizenship and by wage base:
Fiscal Year 1968 Fiscal Year 1967
U.S. Non-U.S. U.S. Non-U.S.
Citizen Citizen Citizen Citizen
U.S. Wage Base:
Panama Canal Company.---.- 2,251 948 2,401 891
Canal Zone Government ..-- 1,504 478 1,363 434
3,755 1,426 3,764 1,325
Canal Zone Wage Base:
Panama Canal Company 238 8,852 225 8,540
Canal Zone Government .--.. 54 1,046 137 1,057
292 9,898 362 9,597
Total Full-time Force ----- 4,047 11,324 4,126 10,922
1 Includes both Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government personnel.








CHART C PER CENT OF U. S. WAGE BASE POSITIONS

OCCUPIED BY U. S. AND NON- U.S. CITIZENS

1959 1968

100- -

90 us
9 NON- U S
80

70

60

50

40

30

20

IO

0
1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


U S 3,468 3,597 3,600 3,694 3,606 3,625 3,644 3,645 3,731 3,673

NON-U.S 234 359 505 730 828 908 1,O0 7 1,251 1,388 1,460

T:'TL 3,702 3,956 4,105 4,424 4,434 4,533 4,661 4,896 5,119 5,133


Data as of Dec 31st each year Full-time employees only





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Rates of pay are established on a Canal Zone wage base for occupational
categories which can be filled by recruitment on the Isthmus and on a U.S.
wage base for those positions which would normally be filled by recruitment
from the United States. Up until the mid 1950's only citizens of the United
States were eligible for employment in executive, supervisory, professional,
subprofessional, and clerical positions. Since that time, however, progress
has been made in employing non-U.S. citizens, primarily Panamanian, in
positions of responsibility and at a higher U.S. rate of pay. In addition, rates
of pay to non-U.S. citizens on the Canal Zone wage base have recently tended
to increase at a faster rate than that of U.S. citizens.

TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
There are a number of Company training and employment programs
designed, to improve the organization's hiring position. In 1968, as in all
recent prior years, U.S. recruitment of qualified employees has been severely
handicapped. Housing which is a prerequisite to States hiring is, and has
been, inadequate for a number of years. Further, high levels of employment
in the States coupled with reduced financial incentives to work in the Canal
Zone, have reduced the U.S. employee pool available to the Canal.
Increasingly the Company has turned to the Panamanian labor market
for its skilled employee needs, and accordingly major emphasis throughout
1968 continued to be centered on increased utilization of locally available
applicants, particularly citizens of the Republic of Panama, both through
emphasis on direct recruitment and on special training programs. Of special
significance have been the Floating Equipment Training Programs which were
authorized in April of 1968 in order to utilize locally available U.S. and
non-U.S. citizen in-service personnel for filling of floating equipment positions
of tugboat masters and mates and dredge mates and engineers. Of 42
screened applicants for the positions 14 were non-U.S. citizens.
Another important activity has been the work of the Special Placement
Branch established to aid in the search for and placement of qualified Pan-
amanians in positions of responsibility in the Company/Government. Con-
siderable progress was made in this area during 1968 as is shown in Chart C,
page 26, showing the increasing number of Panamanian citizens in U.S. wage
base positions in terms of percent of the total number of U.S. wage positions
in the Company 'Government. The basic idea is to locate and employ
professional and subprofessional persons at the U.S. wage base in order to
substitute local hire for U.S. recruitment.
To help smooth the wav for easier entry to Company/ Government jobs at
all levels the number of "security" positions required for continuity of oper-
ations was reduced in many occupational categories. At the close of 1968
only two occupational groups, Canal Zone pilots and customs guards and
inspectors, remain as total security position groups. All other occupations
are now made up of various combinations of security and non security
positions, thus partly eliminating the former restrictions on employment of
Panamanians in these occupations. Further progress in this area will be the
aim in future years.












Chapter V


FINANCIAL REPORT AND
STATISTICAL DATA

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELATED SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968
The financial statements of the Panama Canal Company appearing as
tables 1 through 10, with the accompanying notes, present the financial posi-
tion of the Company at June 30, 1968, and the financial results of its operations
for the fiscal year then ended.
All statements have been examined by the General Auditor of the Panama
Canal Company and are subject to audit by the General Accounting Office.
Detailed audit reports of the General Accounting Office are directed to the
Congress and are presented as congressional documents.
Summary information concerning operating results, net direct investment
of the U.S. Government and retained revenue, and capital expenditures follows:
Financial Results
Net revenue for fiscal year 1968 amounted to $11.4 million after interest
payments of $12 million and net cost of Canal Zone Government of $22.5
million. Corresponding net revenue for fiscal year 1967 amounted to $13.1
million after payments of $12.2 million and $21.7 million for interest and net
cost of Canal Zone Government, respectively.
Equity of the U.S. Government
The interest-bearing net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the
Panama Canal Company was reduced $10 million during the year as the
result of a capital repayment on December 8, 1967.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures amounted to $13.7 million for the year as compared
to $8.4 million for the preceding fiscal year. The budgeted estimate for
the year was $15.1 million. The largest expenditure, amounting to $5.9
million, was for widening Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo Reaches and the second
largest expenditure, amounting to $1.2 million, was for the purchase of
two tugboats.






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial


Assets
CURRENT ASSETS:
Fund balances with U.S. Treasury and cash:
Fund balance in U.S. Treasury checking
account ---------------------------
Cash in commercial banks, on hand, and in
transit -------- -


Accounts receivable:
Canal Zone Government
Government agencies--
Republic of Panama----
Other ----


and other U.S.


-----------


Inventories (note 1):
Materials and supplies -
Merchandise held for sale --- ---


Other current assets -----------

Total current assets
FIXED ASSETS (note 2):
Cost -------------------
Less depreciation and valuation allowances ---


DEFERRED CHARGES:
Relief payments to former employees---
Other--------


1968


$25,321,852

2,123,755

27,445,607


1,634,965
2,835,970
3,177,784

7,648,719

8,440,820
4,466,057

12,906,877

214,623

48,215,826

710,894,935
220,797,347

490,097,588

10,292,000
441,003
10,733,003
$549,046,417


1967



$17,358,927

5,946,271

23,305,198


4,237,822
2,597,227
2,687,788

9,522,837

7,771,086
4,384,942

12,156,028

135,611

45,119,674

698,303,629
214,254,611

484,049,018

8,554,000
566,669
9,120,669
$538,289,361


NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Inventories. Inventories of operating materials and supplies are stated
principally at standard cost. Inventories of merchandise for sale in ware-
houses are stated at average cost on a line item basis; and inventories of
merchandise for sale in retail outlets are stated at average cost using the
retail method for valuation.
2. Fixed assets. Fixed assets generally are stated at cost or, if acquired
from another Government agency, at original cost to such agency. Valuation
allowances have been established in accordance with sections 62 and 412 of






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Condition June 30, 1968 and 1967
Liabilities and Equity
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:
U.S. Government agencies
Other ---------.


Due U.S. Treasury ---------------
Accrued liabilities:
Employees' leave -- ---------
Salaries and wages _---__---- ---
Relief payments to former employees ---
Claims for damages to vessels
Employees' repatriation-
Other ------------


Other current liabilities --- ----------- -

Total current liabilities -

LON(-TERMr LIABILITIES:
Relief payments to former employees-
Employees' repatriation--- ----------


RESERVES:
Stabilization of canal slides _
Overhaul of canal locks -- -


EQUITY OF U.S. GOVERNMENT (note 3):
Net direct investment:
Interest-bearing---- --------
Non-interest-bearing-- ------------ --
Retained revenue, non-interest-bearing -_




The accompanying "Notes to Financial Statements" are an


1968


$1,783,914
3,165,695

4,949,609

427,195

12,229,848
2,589,956
1,328,000
3,391,587
496,375
3,448,811

23,484,577

826,260

29,687,641


8,964,000
4,490,025

13,454,025

5,000,000
636,483

5,636,483


1967


$2,329,423
3,691,953

6,021,376

1,156,585

11,570,864
1,704,835
1,460,000
971,144
627,000
3,038,864

19,372,707

781,555

27,332,223

7,094,000
4,426,000

11,520,000


566,992

566,992


321,736,896 331,759,383
18,051,630 18,051,630
160,479,742 149,059,133

500,268,268 498,870,146

$549,046,417 $538,289,361

integral part of this statement.


title 2 of the Canal Zone Code (1) to offset the cost of defense facilities and
suspended construction projects-principally the partial construction of a third
sets of locks abandoned in the early part of World War II-totaling $82.7
million (both the cost and valuation allowances have been excluded from the
statement of financial condition) and interest during original construction
aggregating about $51 million and (2) to reduce to usable value the cost of
those fixed assets transferred to the Company from The Panama Canal (agency)
at July 1, 1951. Because of historical practice and a construing of the Canal
Zone Code as not requiring the depreciation or amortization of certain assets,
depreciation or amortization allowances have not been provided on titles,






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


treaty rights, and excavation of channels, harbors, basins, and other works
costing about $317 million. If these assets were depreciated at the rate of
1 percent per annum, there would be an annual charge against operations of
approximately $3.2 million. Depreciation allowances on all other fixed assets
are accumulated on a straight-line basis.

3. Equity of the U.S. Government. The net direct interest-bearing
investment was established in accordance with section 62 of title 2 of the
Canal Zone Code. Interest thereon is paid at a rate established annually by
the Secretary of the Treasury. The rates for 1968 and 1967 were, respec-
tively, 3.668 and 3.655 percent. The net direct non-interest-bearing invest-
ment consists of the costs of the Thatcher Ferry Bridge constructed in accord-
ance with the Act of July 23, 1956 (70 Stat. 596). The Act of August 25,
1959 (73 Stat. 428) amended section 71 of Title 2 of the Canal Zone Code
to provide the Company with authority to borrow funds from the U.S. Treasury
not to exceed $10 million outstanding at any time at interest rates to be
determined byv the Secretary of the Treasury.

4. Contingent and other liabilities. The Company is contingently liable
with respect to certain pending suits and claims. In addition, the Company
has outstanding at all times certain liabilities of indeterminable amounts,
which are recognized in the accounts on an as-paid basis. These liabilities
include, principally, commitments for construction work, supplies and services,
and death and disability benefits payable under provisions of the Federal
Employees' Compensation Act. The maximum liability which could result
from outstanding claims and lawsuits is estimated to be $4.3 million exclusive
of claims that may arise as a result of a bus/train collision that occurred
subsequent to June 30, 1968, the cost of which is not determinable at this
time. Commitments under uncompleted construction contracts and unfilled
purchase orders amounted to about $7.9 million at June 30, 1968. The
Company held at June 30, 1968, negotiable U.S. Government securities and
Republic of Panama securities in the face amount of $2,515,000 d,:-p.sitred by
customers and Panamanian insurance firms to guarantee contract performance
and payment of tolls and other charges and, on behalf of the Canal Zone
Government, negotiable securities in the face amount of $633,000 to guarantee
payment of possible judgments against insurance companies operating in the
Canal Zone.






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 2.-Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses,
Fiscal Years Ended June 30, 1968 and 1967

REVENUE: 1968
Tolls -------------------__ ------------- $83,943,461 $76
Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels ---- 9,211,220 5
Commodities sold _____ --- ----_ 26,524,041 24
Service sales and rentals -- ----- 40,770,461 37


1967
,804,031
5,492,625
1,607,878
,994,969


OPERATING EXPENSES AND OTHER COSTS:
Payroll and related costs -- ----------
Material and other operating expenses ---.--
Cost of commodities sold ---- ---------
Provision for stabilization of slide hazards -----
Locks overhaul accrual ---
Damage to vessels ---------------
Depreciation ---------------
Net cost of Canal Zone Government ------
Interest on net direct investment of U.S. Govern-
ment ------------- ------


Less payroll and other costs transferred to Com-
pany capital projects and Canal Zone Govern-
ment programs --------- ------

Total operating expenses and other costs_. -
NET REVENUE __ __


160,449,183

75,835,777
10,190,357
18,240,402
5,000,000
2,920,969
2,596,653
7,269,301
22,536,947

11,983,947


144,899,503

68,782,510
8,094,910
17,239,832

871,897
225,386
6,868,623
21,692,425

12,207,079


156,574,353 135,982,662


7,545,779

149,028,574

$11,420,609


4,141,554

131,841,108

$13,058,395


Table 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the United States Government,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


EQUITY AT JULY, 1 1967_ _- ___
Additions:
Net revenue._ --__ -- --____ ___
Transfers from other U.S. Government
agencies:
Vessel Q-612 (renamed Anayansi),
from the Department of the Army.----
Adjust value of Building 82, Coco Solo,
previously transferred from the U.S.
Navy --- _____ -
Reactivation of plant:
Building 1-D, Balboa Industrial
Area __ ___-- -__
Tool crib in Building 2-A, Balboa
Industrial Area _
Adjust value of Buildings 2-A and
3, Balboa Industrial Area, previ-
ous reactivation -------------

Reductions:
Capital repayment__-_-__----
Transfers to other U.S. Government
agencies:
West Bank fuel oil facilities, to U.S.
Air Force----------------


Net direct investment
interest- non-interest-
bearing bearing
$331,759,383 $18,051,630


85,750

38,594

1,913
1,590


1,094
331,888,324

10,000,000


151,428
10,151,428


$18,051,630 $160,479,742


Retained
revenue,
non-interest-
bearing
$149,059,133

11,420,609


18,051,630 160,479,742


EQUITY AT JUNE 30, 1968-


----_-- $321,736,896






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


SOURCE OF FUNDS:
Revenue --------- -----------------
Net change in working capital, other than cash
Other --- __


APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
Operating expenses and other costs __
Less operating expenses not requiring expenditures
of funds:
Provision for depreciation
Provision for stabilization of canal slide- -
Provision for locks overhaul
Other------- ----_-------

Capital expenditures--- -_ ------------
Canal locks overhaul expenditures-
Capital repayment __--_ --------_ _
Increase in cash-


$160,449,183
3,399,675
267,476

$164,116,334

$149,028,574


$7,269,301
5,000,000
2,920,969
365,574


15,555,844
133,472,730
13,651,717
2,851,478
10,000,000
4,140,409

$164,116,334


Table 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


TRANsrr OPERATIONS (table 6) __

SUPPORTING SERVICES (table 7):
Maritime services_- -
Employees' services
Transportation and utilities -
Other supporting services _



GENERAL CORPORATE EXPENSES:
Administrative and other general
expenses (table 8) .
Net cost of Canal Zone Govern-
ment_ ____ _
Interest on net direct investment of
the U.S. Government .. .


NET OPERATING INCOME


Operating
Revenue expenses
$105,302,403 $48,527,935


12,254,396
29,268,140
9,572,086
3,867,602
54,962,224


9,391,373
29,285,754
9,248,225
3,871,394
51,796,746


Operating
income
and expenses
$56,774,468


2,863,023
(17,614)
323,861
(3,792)
3,165,478


160,264,627 100,324,681 5.9 39.946


184,556 14,182,999 13,998,443

22,536,947 22,536,947

11,983,947 11,983,947
184,556 48,703,893 48,519,337

$160,449,183 $149,028,574

$11,420,609






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 6.-Transit Operations, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


REVENUE:
Canal tolls --------------- ---
Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels --
Harbor pilotage, tug, launch, and other services. __

Total revenue ________ ----------


$83,943,461
9,211,220
12,147,722

105,302,403


OPERATING EXPENSES:
Navigation services and control_-
Engineering and maintenance serv-
ices _----------
Operation and maintenance of
locks------------------ -
Dredging of channels and harbors
Vessel repair ----------
Provision for stabilization of canal
slides ----------------
Provision for periodic overhaul of
locks ..----------- -
Damage to vessels ------
Meteorology and hydrography serv-
ices__---------------
Locks security force_----------
Annuity to Republic of Panama (re-
payment to U.S. Treasury)---
Diesel power generation -------
Operation and maintenance of
Thatcher Ferry Bridge ------
Operation and maintenance of dams,
reservoirs, and spillways----
Miscellaneous_ -----------
Total operating expenses -----

Less charges to other activities ---
Net operating expenses -----

OPERATING INCOME. .- ---- --


Direct
expenses
$15,617,740

12,669,310

11,004,994
8,973,122
5,133,941

5,000,000

2,920,969
2,596,653

805,708
693,062

430,000
324,000

234,820

157,736
640,727
$67,202,782


D0

$1,4


1,4


eprecia-
tion Total
273,109 $15,890,849

157,738 12,827,048

152,640 12,457,634
484,325 9,457,447
154,790 5,288,731

5,000,000

2,920,969
2,596,653

15,499 821,207
693,062

430,000
324,000

315,206 550,026
114,192 271,928
8,347 649,074
975,846 70,178,628

21,650,693
-------.------ 48,527,935

----.------------- $56,774,468


$2,










Table 7.-Supporting Services, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968

Revenues Operating Expenses

Cost of Less charges Total Operating
Sales of Sales of Rental of Total Direct commodities to other operating income
MARITIME SERVICES: commodities services quarters revenue expenses sold Depreciation activities expenses or (loss)
Marine terminals.- ---------- $12,254,396 ..-----.. $12,254,396 $9,717,591 -------.- $357,670 $683,888 $9,391,373 $2,863,023
EMPLOYEES' SERVICES:
Marketing operations $25,073,823 478,389 ------.. 25,552,212 9,408,051 $17,300,005 309,260 1,223,757 25,793,559 (241,347)
United States community housing------------- $2,803,211 2,803,211 2,028,293 ----------- 557,677 42,860 2,543,110 260,101
Latin American community housing..---------- ----------- .. 912,717 912,717 820,436 -....-- -... 136,125 7,476 949,085 (36,368)
25,073,823 478,389 3,715,928 29,268,140 12,256,780 17,300,005 1,003,062 1,274,093 29,285,754 (17,614)
------ ------ ------ ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ 171
TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITIES,:
Railroad- ---------- 3 1,438,863 ---------- 1,438,863 2,043,277 -- 112,807 723,564 1,432,520 6,343
Motor transportation-------------------------- ---------- 232,810 232,810 3,176,828 .--. 309,801 3,258,087 228,542 4,268 >
Water transportation ----....-----.....-----------------.. 37,049 752,812 789,861 4,32S,674 22,170 93,248 3,519,229 924,863 (135,002) Z
Power system------------------------------ ----------- 4,850,130 ----. ..- 4,850,130 5,417,548 ------.. 1,228,639 2,059,327 4,586,860 263,270 0
Communication system------------------------ ----------- 480,007 480,007 848,142 .-----------........ 122,969 580,705 390,406 89,601
Water system -------..------------------------- ----------. 1,760,733 1,760,733 1,593,054 ----------- 324,457 331,840 1,585,671 175,062 -
Central air-conditioning system 19,682 19,682 253,412 ...------ 76,019 230,068 99,363 (79,681)
37,049 9,535,037 ---------- 9,572,086 17,660,935 22,170 2,267,940 10,702,820 9,248,225 323,861 t1
OTHER SUPPORTING SERVICES: O
Storehouse.................---------------------------------- 763,642 30,742 .....----- 794,384 7,543,361 580,772 193,765 7,627,279 690,619 103,765 :
Scrap operations --.--------------..---.-- 202,869 202,869 44,242 99,321 6,427 13,937 136,053 66,816 H
Tivoli guest house-------- ------. 446,658 211,981 ...-. 658,639 714,0'8 238,134 35,701 118,677 869,186 (210,547)
Printing plant ..---------------- ---- --- 44,894 ....... 44,894 654,452 .....------... 30,651 643,840 41,263 3,631
Grounds maintenance --. ...------------- ---------- 379,898 ------- 379,898 2,007,013 ----------- 36,346 1,698,923 344,436 35,462 Z
Procurement-------- ------------------- --- -- ---- 235,069 .. 1,279 236,348
General community and custodial services -....... ----------------- 77,631 77,631 1,343,845 ----------- 12,144 1,275,439 80,550 (2,919)
Sea level canal support division------. ---... ---- ---------- 1,709,287 1,709,287 1,709,287 ----------- ---- ----------- 1,709,287 H

1,413,169 2,454,433 ------.- 3,F67,602 14,251,297 918,227 316,313 11,614,443 3,871,394 (3,792)
TOTAL ..... .. ... .. 26,524,041 24,722,255 $3,715,928 $54,962,224 $53,886,603 $18,240,402 $3,944,985 $24,275,244 $51,796,746 $3,165,478




r






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968

EXECUTIVE DIRECTION:
Board of directors--- --- $12,408
Office of the president 793,648
Information office ----------- 482,913
Tourist facilities --------------------------- 69,355
Office of the secretary 87,608
Consultants and advisors 380,547

OPERATIONS DIRECTION:
General and special engineering services 314,407
Office of the engineering and construction director 209,985
Office of the marine director ___---- __-- 134,825
Office of the supply and community service director 156,753
Office of the transportation and terminals director 140,212
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT:
Office of the comptroller 3,899,961
Annual audit 25,511
PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION:
Personnel bureau ------ 1,299,412
Apprentice program 135,817
GENERAL SERVICES:
Administrative branch_ 768,307
Maintenance of buildings 721,758
Public services ---------- 78,824
Miscellaneous -------------- 132,232


EMPLOYMENT COSTS:
Alien cash relief--- -
Recruitment and repatriation
Employees' home leave travel -
Apprentices' school time
Death and disability compensation -----. -
Contribution for employees' health benefit associa-
tion _________
Medical and other services for relief annuitants --
Contribution for employees' group life insurance ---
Transportation of employees' vehicles
Leave liability variation ------------
Over-distribution of civil service retirement contribu-
tion__-_____-__-____-_- ___-
Miscellaneous ------........... -..__

OTHER EXPENSES:
Loss on disposition of fixed assets _
Depreciation -_ __- _-__ ____
Correction of landslide at Los Rios -- _----
Law suits and tort claims_--- ._
Slide prevention-Gamboa water tank ______ -----

DEDUCT:
Charges to other activities ---_ -- ------ --

REVENUE -----------------------___----------------
NET ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER GENERAL EXPENSES_


1,458,839
562,910
615,822
464,017
258,134

175,878
117,819
94,807
53,063
(211,158)

(84,398)
236,389


$219,953
348,470
7,748
54,345
153


$1,826,479





956,182


3,925,472


1,435,229




1,701,121


3,742,122





630,699
14,217,274

34,275
14,182,999
184,556
$13,998,443






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 9.-Inventories, June 30, 1968


MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES:
Storehouse branch:
General materials and supplies-
Scrap ------- -------- -
In transit to Isthmus


Locks division----- -
Marine terminals division ----
Water transportation division-- .
Water system _-- -------- ----
Power system ---------- --- ----

Manufacturing and repair work in progress:
Industrial division -
Other units-


Total materials and supplies ..-

MERCHANDISE HELD FOR SALE:
Retail stores and allied operations:
In warehouses and in stores ---------
In transit ---- -


Water transportation division --. ----.--- ----------.
Service centers ---- .
Tivoli guest house .-----

Total merchandise held for sale .......


TOTAL INVENTORIES


$7,134,075
192,633
453,884
7,780,592

---.- 138,592
110,706
15,000
.---- 70,000
.---- 204,191
538,489

121,351
388
121,739


8,440,820



3,430,374
748,501
4,178,875
1,866
257,647
27,669

4,466,057


- -- $12,906,877









Table 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets, June 30, 1968 and 1967


TRANSIT FACILITIES:
Titles and treaty rights:
Treaty payments to Republic of Panama, 1904---
Depopulation of Canal Zone ....-------



Canal excavation, fills and embankments:
Canal channels, harbors and basins-------------
Dams--- -----------------------
Locks excavations --_-_ ---------_
Breakwaters -----------.
Spillways ---------------------- -------



Interest during construction ---_---_ ----__

Canal structures and equipment:
Industrial division-Vessel repair
-Drydock excavation
-Salvage depot ------------
Locks division -----------_____________
Dredging division -------------------------
Dams and spillways--------------- -
Port captains ---------------------------
Aids to navigation-----___
Meteorological and hydrographic branch--------
Engineering division-Hydrographic surveys
-Maintenance and inspection-
Thatcher ferry bridge--------------------




Total transit facilities -- __-----_-__
SUPPORTING AND GENERAL FACILITIES:
Maritime services:
Harbor terminals


1968 1967

Depreciation Depreciation
and valuation and valuation
Cost allowances Cost allowances
$10,000,000 $10,000,000 --
--_---- 4,728,889 4,728,889 -------

14,728,889 14,728,889

264,623,467 257,307,220
14,999,298 14,999,298---------
11,613,816 11,613,816 ----
-.------ 9,324,423 9,324,423
--.-. .---- 1,733,998 1,733,998

302,295,002 294,978,755

50,892,311 $50,892,311 50,892,311 $50,892,311


13,775,500 9,625,337 13,291,688 9,266,852
__-___ 126,457 63,229 126,457 63,229
----- ---- 268,145 207,888 267,849 199,542
------ 89,453,500 44,929,376 89,162,015 43,534,293
16,241,156 11,132,287 15,395,014 10,661,474
10,044,433 4,650,887 10,044,433 4,536,694
8,527,278 3,166,279 7,089,976 2,989,025
----- 3,136,289 1,632,474 2,997,522 1,576,094
176,144 111,323 164,992 110,810
-------- 149,424 93,121 228,558 85,304
------- 4,192,304 2,304,644 3,941,608 2,219,222
19,050,129 1,944,000 19,050,129 1,628,795

165,140,759 79,860,845 161,760,241 76,871,334

_--------- 533,056,961 130,753,156 522,360,196 127,763,645


22,357,316 16,781,482 22,354,846 16,531,786





Employees' services:
Retail stores and allied operations. ----------.-------.---------
Service centers--------- ---------------------------
Housing division--------------------- --- -------------------



Transportation and utilities:
Railroad division -- ----
Motor transportation division ---------------------------------------------
Power system-----------------------------------------------------
Communication systems ----- -----------------
Water system----------------------------------
Water transportation division -
Central air conditioning service



Other supporting services:
Storehouse branch .......-------------------
Tivoli guest house -- -----------------------------
Printing plant-------------------------------------------------
Grounds maintenance .......................................------------------
Procurement --------------------------------------
Housing division -----------------------------------------------



General facilities:
Miscellaneous company buildings---------------------------
Miscellaneous office equipment -- -----------------------


Total supporting and general facilities -- -----------------
PLANT ADDITIONS IN PROGRESS ------------------------------------------ -
PLANT RETIREMENTS IN PROGRESS ------------- ------------------
FACILITIES HELD FOR FUTURE USE ----------------
TOTAL------.. --------------------


6,746,493 3,408,138 6,650,953 3,227,315
--- 3,759,684 1,629,828 3,709,860 1,522,108
43,743,323 16,567,939 43,472,794 16,096,397

54,249,500 21,605,905 53,833,607 20,845,820 C
z
12,430,097 9,585,522 12,281,306 9,625,199 >
4,247,033 2,096,508 3,984,309 1,984,838 f"
-- 38,834,677 15,018,651 37,810,283 13,845,402
-- 4,357,114 3,091,001 4,408,426 2,972,852
------ 14,497,447 7,925,435 14,279,534 7,608,104 0
4,670,121 4,056,723 4,653,457 3,963,801
2,181,429 342,355 2,079,573 249,092 i

81,217,918 42,116,195 79,496,888 40,249,288

4,924,939 2,359,224 4,860,646 2,193,251
898,093 590,371 892,566 558,417
719,724 301,076 698,819 275,965
780,434 436,749 638,868 403,261
S27,920 18,697 26,141 17,653
350,554 140,735 314,374 129,523

7,702,264 3,846,852 7,431,414 3,578,070

7,515,705 4,345,433 7,424,681 4,180,880
549,063 284,140 814,323 453,901
8,064,768 4,629,573 8,239,004 4,634,781
173,591,766 88,980,007 171,355,759 85,839,745
3,154,475 ------- 3,915,651
671,990 660,859 168,380 164,794
419,743 403,325 503,643 486,427
$710,894,935 $220,797,347 $698,303,629 $214,254,611







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 11.-Occan Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958

Through 1968


Total traffic

Number Long tons
of of
transit Tolls cargo


Traffic assessed tolls
on net tonnage basis

Number Panama
of Canal net
transits tonnage


Traffic assessed tolls on
displacement tonnage
basis

Number Displace-
of ment
transit tonnage


COMMERCIAL OCEAN TRAFFIC'

9,187 41,795,905 48,124,809 9,162 47,924,345 25 78,691
9,718 45,528,728 51,153,096 9,682 52,153,563 36 112,609
10,795 50,939,428 59,258,219 10,745 58,301,926 50 193,471
10,866 54,127,877 63,669,738 10,823 61,826,002 43 140,760
11,149 57,289,705 67,524,552 11,096 65,378,845 53 197,390
11,017 56,368,073 62,247,094 10,973 64,438,115 44 110,002
11,808 61,098,312 70,550,090 11,756 69,632,611 52 134,221
11,834 65,442,633 76,573,071 11,777 74,734,814 57 208,205
11,925 69,095,129 81,703,514 11,859 78,912,824 66 218,092
12,412 76,768,605 86,193,430 12,366 88,266,343 46 166,242
13.199 83,907,062 96,550,165 13,142 96,487,843 57 220,411

U.S. GOVERNMENT OCEAN TRAFFICI


972,110
965,643
813,313
997,842
1,028,396
1,460,281
1,395,548
1,647,653
3,446,219
5,484,566
9,206,815


791,310
1,012,842
804,581
1,149,934
1,126,418
1,115,352
1,177,269
1,923,538
3,220,190
6,147,479
8,497,221


1958 ----...
1959 ---- -------
1960......
1961--- .- ---------
1962
1963 ---- ------- - -
1964...
1965-- .
1966 ----------------------
1966
1967-..-
1968.......


1958
1959 ..........----
1960
1961....-
1962-
1963 .....----- -- -
1964 .. -
1965-...
1966-
1967----
1968 ---..... -------


1958-..---
1959-
1960 --- -----
1961 ---
1962
1963- 8
1964
1965- 8
1966
1967-....
1968.......


1958.----.
1959-..--- ---
1960
1961.....
1962 --
1963--...
1964 ....
1965---..
1966---- ...-....
1967.-...
1968 .... .


224 1,020,267 55 219,938
172 1,047,674 32 120,562
148 864,177 34 134,965
160 1,088,393 28 130,905
166 1,095,074 25 135,236
213 1,387,597 87 552,928
184 1,337,065 101 493,655
216 1,733,736 68 332,827
479 3,682,835 112 494,479
782 6,044,162 97 419,701
1,368 10,421,084 136 719,247


35 52,659
44 146,783
94 417,457
79 416,003
82 442,932
91 556,031
87 471,291
82 452,191
73 405,221
S8 704,153
94 511,278


TOTAL OCEAN TRAFFIC!
42,768,015 48,963,226 9,421 48,997,271
46,494,371 52,311,205 9,898 53,348,020
51,752,741 60,383,522 10,987 59,583,560
55,125,719 65,199,332 11,062 63,330,398
58,318,101 69,054,801 11,344 66,916,851
57,828,354 63,867,919 11,277 66,381,743
62,493,860 72,149,451 12,027 71,440,967
67,090,286 78,900,529 12,075 76,920,741
72,541,348 85,302,330 12,411 83,000,380
82,253,171 92,983,791 13,236 95,014,658
93,113,877 105,529,869 14,604 107,420,205

SMALL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC3


11,400
35,795

25,807
3,815

7,7l0
8.030
31,050
26,760
22,516


88 310,029
84 268,966
84 328,436
85 297,472
80 336,441
131 662,930
157 635,666
128 549,062
190 743,621
149 612,703
203 962,174


1958---... ----..--....... 750 47,619 18,710 750 58,914
1959---..-------------------....58 42,835 17,766 956 53,013 2 716
1960----------------------. 833 42,500 18,126 823 50.522 10 3,807
1961----------------------... 627 38,086 17,249 621 45,653 6 2,107
1962-- -----.......- 473 22,459 8,644 469 27,638 4 1,231
1963 ---------------------- 430 23,385 8,980 428 28,429 2 859
1964 ----------- 627 48,686 19,202 622 57,587 5 2,092
1965-----------....----------- 577 53,786 20,698 568 62,707 9 2,900
1966 ------------------- --- 544 48,485 21,054 532 57.954 12 2,924
1967 --------...- 570 40,097 14.081 566 49,027 4 938
1968 ..------.......- 571 35,367 8,357 566 43,498 5 1,369

I Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over
on vessels paving tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.).
2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships tranriting for repairs at the
Company operated yards.
3 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed
on displacement tonnage.)


FREE OCEAN TRAFFIC 2
47,107
145,267
320,722
.-------- 379,660
----------. 403,831
505,473
422,092
--------- 403,920
378,626
. .----.. 642,882
--- --- 482,483


9,509
9,982
11,071
11,147
11,424
11,408
12,184
12,203
12,601
13,385
14,807







PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 11.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958

Through 1968-(Continued)


Traffic assessed tolls
Total traffic en net tonnage basis


1958--..---
1959 - -
1960----.................
1961 ......... ... .. .....
1962............-- ...
1963......-..........
1964 --- -
1965...... ----
1966 ....... .....
1967.......--------.. ....
1968 ..............---- ....


1958 -......
1959 .----.------
1960..................
1961 ...........-- --
1962.
1963 ---....


1967..................
1968 ....... .
1958 .--..--....-........
1965-- ---
196 .------...- ..........
195S -----------.------- -

1960---------------
1961 -
1961.....................
1962------- ... .
1963 -
1964 ........-.-.--
1965.................... .
196 ...----------..................-
1968 ---.-. ------------


Number
of
transits


337
230
230
229
190
139
119
110
135
101
121


12
22
13
16
19
28
15
28
24
14
12


10,608
11,192
12,147
12,019
12,106
12,005
12,945
12,918
13,304
14,070
15,511


Long tons Number Panama
of of Canal net
Tolls cargo transit tonnage


Traffic assessed tolls on
displacement tonnage
basis

Number Displace-
of merit
transits tonnage


SMALL U.S. GOVERNMENT TRAFFrIC
18,372 .------ 210 15,931 127
9,414 -------- 94 3,643 136
7,791 48 1,863 182
8,914 48 623 181
6,730 -- 48 872 142
4,192 ---------- 41 773 98
3,844 -----..- 23 969 96
4,379 26 733 84
4,277 44 2,001 91
3,370 86 40 1,844 61
4,405 44 34 1,865 87


SMALL FREE TRAFFIC2 3
..------.... 100
----.---- 16
----- 85
-------- ---------o
--- 30
------- 301
37
------- 1,704
.---.-.-- 79
--- --- -. 48


12 1,416
22 850
13 862
15 706
17 2,299
28 1,608
15 1,287
28 3,226
20 2,848
9 213
8 374


TOTAL PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC
42,834,006 48,982,036 10,393 49,073,532
46,546,620 52,328,987 10,970 53,405,526
51,803,032 60,401,733 11,871 59,636,807
55,172,719 65,216,581 11,746 63,377,380
58,347,290 69,063,475 11,878 66,947,660
57,855,931 63,877,200 11,774 66,412,553
62,546,390 72,168,690 12,687 71,500,810
67,148,451 78,922,931 12,697 76,987,407
72,594,110 85,323,463 13,007 83,063,183
82,296,638 92,997,958 13,851 95,065,742
93,153,649 105,538,318 15,212 107,465,942


1 35
2 328


4 -213
5 180
4 144


215 320,344
222 282,681
276 344,937
273 316,515
228 350,195
231 671,060
258 644,049
221 559,664
297 752,431
219 617,691
299 906,451


1 Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over
on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.).
2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships transiting for repairs at the
Company operated yards.
3 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed
on displacement tonnage.)


Table 12.-Traffic by Months-Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967


Number of Panama Canal
transits net tonnage


1967-68 1966 -67
July------------- 1,177 1,039
August-...-------. 1,117 1,008
September---- 1,023 988
October --------- 1,048 1,005
November ------.... 1,041 985
December-..-..- 1,100 987
January --.----- 1,094 1,043
February--------........ 1,055 968
March---------- 1,132 1,079
April............ 1,132 1,094
May -------------.... 1,168 1,128
June...-------- 1,112 1,088

Total ..... 13,199 12,412
Average per month 1,100 1,034


1967-68
8,538,614
7,751,144
7,295,441
7,759,759
7,712,786
8,239,960
7,956,063
7,647,149
8,070,108
8,380,820
8,600,288
8,516,711

96,487,843
8,040,654


1966-67
7,132,524
7,351,018
6,958,306
7,053,937
6,955,559
6,973,795
7,240,372
6,932,996
7,835,490
7,886,986
8,097,824
7,847,506

88,266,343
7,355,438


Long tons of cargo


1967-68
8,377,549
7,842,849
7,179,421
7,874,353
7,395,513
8,266,618
7,969,242
7,067,167
8,091,245
8,328,578
8,691,244
8,666,386

96,550,165
8,045,847


1906-67
7,071,081
7,479,839
6,780,147
6,961,904
6,549,291
6,744,325
7,012,821
6,929,472
7,909,287
7,136,036
7,777,911
7,841,316

86,193,430
7,182,786


Tolls

1967-68 1966-67
$7,399,917 $6,205,197
6,750,893 6,392,171
6,368,725 6,056,746
6,753,738 6,157,127
6,672,439 6,028,045
7,132,819 6,083,532
6,915,807 6,318,474
6,685,906 6,048,669
7,026,920 6,830,732
7,300,821 6,822,645
7.492,786 7,005,053
7,405,291 6,820,212

$83,907,062 176,768,605
6,992,255 6,397,384


NOTE.-The above includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500
displacement tons and over on vessels paying tails on a displacement tonnage basis. Statistics on these vessels, except as
relates to displacement tonnage, have been included in the table above.







44 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 13.-Canal Traffic' by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968

Measured Tonnage

Panama Long
Number of Canal Registered Tons of
Flag Transits Net Gross Tolls Cargo
Argentina .------ 17 99,650 130,953 $88,493 75,050
Australia ----------- .---- 2 -- 2,967
Belgium _.______ 109 530,608 600,511 438,191 275,042
Brazil __._.___ __ 15 86,736 102,923 76,630 95,334
Bulgaria ._____. __________ 11 93,298 117,322 77,435 96,288
Burundi ___ 3 17,360 24,225 14,576 15,300
Canada __ ______ ---------------------_ 14 11,998 16,914 16,476 215
Chile ____ ___ 114 776,182 981,583 692,188 691,186
Colombia _____________ 202 1,144,315 1,409,078 1,028,573 433,024
Cuba ___ 31 219,398 294,698 197,458 331,805
Cyprus______ _____ 21 134,972 174,359 111,069 132,205
Czechoslovakia-------------- 7 96,483 118,969 86,835 155,608
Denmark ______________ 434 2,770,233 3,042,369 2,469,982 2,538,773
East Germany_ ---------------- 13 63,680 76,618 52,298 33,694
Ecuador --_____________..._ 161 321,460 436,652 282,783 169,308
Finland ______ ___ 38 277,480 310,323 242,423 216,472
France _______ _____ 204 1,100,709 1,489,523 1,035,916 1,015,648
Greece______ _---___ 444 3,721,763 4,750,961 3,222,731 4,467,674
Honduras --._ 199 269,768 439,230 226,713 116,047
India___ ----------------------- 31 422,604 555,304 350,553 409,645
Indonesia __ 5 17,116 20,401 14,509 2,910
Ireland ---------------------___ __ 20 62,126 88,569 55,913 73,521
Israel -________ 113 647,796 796,884 567,349 632,923
Italy -___ ______------- 252 2,054,243 2,716,270 1,804,576 1,881,085
Japan -- ___ __- 1,036 7,701,053 10,333,112 6,830,144 8,191,057
Lebanon __ __ 5 29,156 40,287 24,087 30,750
Liberia -----------------.--- 1,543 16,429,863 20,681,349 14,058,249 21,253,720
Mexico _______ 58 272,774 349,307 222,383 177,468
Netherlands ------------------...._____ __ 469 2,288,718 3,014,627 1,994,012 2,014,299
Nicaragua -- ______ 74 183,240 181,274 163,095 118,874
Norway -- 1,498 13,949,573 18,209,218 12,136,400 16,409,131
Panama ______ __ 519 2,702,916 3,458,573 2,251,921 2,779,659
Peru ---------------------- 170 748,125 943,621 662,351 780,694
Philippines ------------------__ ____ 94 641,142 923,548 577,803 413,567
Poland __ __ 36 276,561 314,607 248,905 366,385
Republic of China (Formosa) -- 107 720,215 936,315 639,390 735,947
Rumania-------------------- 2 15,044 27,472 13,540 36,082
Somalia-------------------- 1 5,004 5,059 4,504 6,114
South Korea -----------------__ ____ 40 219,831 281,317 189,557 171,861
Spain --------------------____ --- 24 95,638 116,458 84,153 102,653
Sweden__------------------- 466 3,394,075 4,596,629 2,955,366 3,036,687
Switzerland _____---------------- 74 179,345 215,839 152,693 98,487
Thailand-_ _______ 5 37,451 45,557 33,706 39,174
United Kingdom --------------______ 1,453 11,358,412 15,223,562 9,979,719 11,363,599
United States _-_- 1,647 13,008,852 15,405,087 11,173,704 8,594,846
U.S.S.R.---------------------__ __ 98 435,287 629,746 383,721 572,292
Venezuela ___ 2 1,874 2,870 1,517 1,821
West Germany __--------------- 1,279 6,524,987 6,963,546 5,684,033 4,974,583
Yugoslavia ------------------. 39 328,729 418,874 285,472 421,678
Total Fiscal Year 1968--- -- 13,199 96,487,843 122,012,493 $83,907,062 96,550,165
Fiscal Year 1967 -- -- 12,412 88,266,343 112,216,244 76,768,605 86,193,430
Fiscal Year 1966 -- 11,925 78,912,824 100,762,225 69,095,129 81,703,514
1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over Panama Canal measurement,
or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges,
warships, etc.).
NoTE.-In Canal traffic statistics, foreign naval vessels such as transports, supply ships, tankers,
etc., with a measurement of 300 net tons (Panama Canal measurement) and over, and vessels
of war, dredges, etc., with a displacement of 500 tons and over are classified as oceangoing com-
meroial vessels. Statistics on these vessels, except as relates to displacement tonnage, have been
included in the table above. As displacement tonnage cannot be combined with net tonnage the
following table shows statistics covering 57 vessels which transited the Canal during fiscal year 1968
and paid tolls on displacement tonnage:







PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968-Cont.


Australia -- -----
Canada---------------
--.do- -------------------
do
Chile
Ecuador---- ----
France -
-- do -
Japan -- ---------------.--
Mexico -----------------------
Philippines -------
Republic of China (Formosa) -- ----
United Kingdom
United States .---------------
Total________


Naval -
Icebreaker ----
Dredge -
Naval -----
do ---
-- do-
--do .
Drydock ----
Naval ----

do-
--- do--------
- do._----
Dredge _


Number Displace-
of ment
transits tonnage
2 5,934
1 7,550
1 2,650
1 2,700
2 6,860
3 6,146
....- 24 132,604
1 1,544
8 18,662
2 3,030
1 1,550
1 2,550
7 25,324
3 3,307
-- 57 220,411 $


Tolls
$2,967
3,775
1,325
1,350
3,430
3,073
66,302
772
9,331
1,515
775
1,275
12,662
1,654
$110,206









Table 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic1 by Type of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968


Type of Vessel
CARGO AND CARGO PASSENGER SHIPS:
Combination carriers:
Number of transits ------------------------------------ .... .... ....-. ..
Panama Canal net tonnage ...
Tolls-------. --. ................................................... .. .
Cargo (long tons) ...............................----..........................
Container cargo ships:
Number of transits -------------------------.. --.......--- ---- ---------------
Panama Canal net tonnage---- -----------------------------------------
Tolls --.... ---- ......... .. ..............-............. ..........
Cargo (long tons) ---- ---------- .-... -----.. --- -....- .
Dry bulk carriers:
Number of transits --------------------------------------------.... __.... .....
Panama Canal net tonnage ----------------....... .........
Tolls .--.. -----. ------ --..-...--- -- .- ...-- ..-- ..- .. ............
Cargo (long tons)--...............................................----------------------------------
General cargo ships:
Number of transits ---. ---------------..---. ----------------- --- ----------.
Panama Canal net tonnage ........----------------.--------------- --......
Tolls ----- -------- --.-- -- --...... ...... ... .... .- ... .. ......
Cargo (long tons) -. ..- .-.-----.. ....-. ..--- ..-- ..... .........
Ore ships:
Number of transits- ---.. ..-.--- -- ..- .. ..- .... -----.---....
Panama Canal net tonnage --- ----
Tolls -------.---------------------------------- ...
Cargo (long tons)------ ..----- --- ---.........................................
Passenger ships:0
Number of transits------------------------------------------ --- --...... .....-..
Panama Canal net tonnage------.....----------------------.-------------. ......... ...
Tolls --- --- ----.. ..... .............. .
Cargo (long tons) ---- -----------.. ... .... .......--------------.......-
Refrigerated cargo ships:
Number of transits -----.-------......__--.-....._ ...._ .._.._--------------------
Panama Canal net tonnage -- ---
Tolls.........--- .................................... ..
Cargo (long tons) -------. --..- ----------------------.... ... -..
Tank ships:
Number of transits--------------..----...-.................... .............
Panama Canal net tonnage-------------- -------............................
Tolls ---- -.------.---- --...-..............- .......
Cargo (long tons)------------. ---.-----.-- ... .
OTERn TyPE SHIPS:
Naval vessels:
Number of transits.. ----------------------.--.------._-_ --...--__ _.............
Displacement tonnage -------.----------.-.- ...... ..---..-----
Tolls ---------- ------ --... ....... ...... .......


Laden Ballast


Atlantic to
Pacific
67
1,506,146
$1,355,531
2,626,075

30
225,372
$202,835
135,083

865
11,678,073
$10,510,266
21,560,530


Pacific to
Atlantic
25
296,211
$266,590
523,327

25
180,030
$162,027
127,484

629
7,155,799
36,440,219
12,333,781


3,377 3,071
21,136,972 18,867,356
S19,023,275 $16,980,620
20,330,875 16,850,347


10
145,686
$131,118
261,621

142
1,438,448
$1,294,603
292,511


6
84,227
875,804
167,094

165
1,770,395
$1,593,356
536,779


Total
92
1,802,357
$1,622,121
3,149,402


Atlantic to
Pacific
3
113,475
$81,702


Pacific to
Atlantic Total
19 22
349,945 463,420
$251,960 $333,662


55 ----
405,402 .........
$364,862 -------...
262,567 ---. --


Grand
Total
114
2,265,777
81,955,783
3,149,402

55
405,402
$364,862
262,567


1,494 6 284 290 1,784
18,833,872 106,813 4,346,394 4,453,207 23,287,079
$16,950,485 $76,905 $3,129,404 $3,206,309 $20,156,794
33,894,311 --------- --------- ---....-- 33,394,311

6,448 163 236 399 6,847
40,004,328 664,082 1,531,014 2,195,096 42,199,424
$36,003,895 $478,139 $1,102,330 81,580,469 $37,584,364
37,181,222 .........--------.-----...--....----. ..---------- 37,181,222


16 -----....
229,913 -...-.
S206,922 ------
428,715 ------


307
3,208,843
$2,887,959
829,290


1 1
11,989 11,989
S8,632 $8,632
- - - - --. .


1 -.-.----.--
1,009 ------
$726 -...........
- - - - -


332 974 1,306 493
1,113,639 3,597,749 4,711,388 1,521,507
$1,002,275 $3,237,974 $4,240,249 $1,095,485
461,581 2,234,810 2,696,391 ----------


976
8,553,591
$7,698,232
15,598,525


156
1,537,092
$1,383,383
2,343,217


1,132
10,090,683
89,081,615
17,941,742


27
192,542
$138,630
----------


1
1,009
$726
-----------


27 520
62,541 1,584,048
$45,030 $1,140,515
- - - - --. _


871
7,814,802
$5,626,657
----------


898
8,007,344
$5,765,287
-----------


17 d
241,902 |
$215,554 3
428,715 0

308 i-3
3,209 ,852
$2,888,685 >'
829,290 Z

1,826
6,295,436 -3
$5,380,764 >
2,696,391

2,030
18,098,027
814,846,902 0
17,941,742 >


29 22 51 51 U
127,245 78,114 205,359 205,359 >
$63,623 $39,057 S102,680 $102,680







Other type vessels:
Number of transits ------ ------------------------------ ---------- -------- -----.--... ----- .5 1 6 6
Displacement tonnage -----.................----------------- 14,071 981 15,052 15,052
Tolls-----------..---------..---------------------------------------..---------------------........... ........... $7,036 $490 $7,526 $7,526
Tugs, yachts, etc.:
Number of traits ----------------------- ---........................... 65 29 04 22 45 67 161
Panama Canal net tonnage -------------------------------------------- 188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 494,944
Tolls -.... ----------- --- --.. $169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $25,360 $107,848 $133,208 $403,148
Cargo (long toil------------s) --- -------------------------------------------- 93,318 73,207 166,525 .......... ........... ........... 166,525
SUMMARy:
Total cargo and cargo passenger ships:
Number of transit ..------- -------..........................................-......--.. 5,7099 5,051 10,850 693 1,438 2,131 12,081
Panama Canal net tonnage ..---...............................--------............... 45,797,927 33,488,859 79,286,786 2,599,428 14,116,685 16,716,113 96,002,899
Tolls -----------------------..-------------- -------.. $41,218,135 $30,139,973 71,358,108 $1,871,587 $10,164,013 $12,035,600 $83,393,708
Cargo (long tons)-..--..-----.. ....---------------------- 61,266,801 35,116,839 96,383,640 ---------- ----------- ---------........-- 96,383,640
Total other type ships:
Number of transits --------------------------------------- 65 29 94 56 68 124 218
Panama Canal net tonnage...------------------------------------------------------.............. 188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 484,944
Displacement tonnage------------------------------------------------------... ---------------------------------........... 141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411
Tolls -. -------------. -------------------------...- $.............169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $96,019 $147,395 $243,414 $513,354
Cargo (long tons).....----------------------------. 93,318 73,207 166,525 --.--..- ------ ---------- 166,525
Grand total ships:
Number of transits----------------------.-------------------------- ------------- 5,864 5,080 10,944 749 1,506 2,255 13,199
Panama Canal net tonnage............................. ...----------------------------- 45,986,221 33,600,498 79,586,719 2,634,650 14,266,474 16,901,124 96,487,843
Displacement tonnage---------------.-... .... -- ---- ----- --.. ........... .....---. 141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411
Tolls--.. -------------------------------------------------------------... $41,387,600 30,240,448 $71,628,048 $1,967,606 $10,311,408 $12,279,014 $83,907,062
Cargo (long tons)...--- .. .. ------ ------- ----- ---- 61,360,119 35,190,046 96,550,165 ---------- -------- --------...... 96,550,165
I Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over (Panama Canal measurement) for vessels paying tolls on net tonnage basis, or of 500 displacement tons and over for vessels paying on
displacement tonnage.
2 Vessels certificated for more than 12 passengers.
1 Vessels certificated for 12 passengers or less, or without passenger accommodations.







48 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 15.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1968

Laden Ballast

Number Panama Number Panama
of Canal net of Canal net
Flag transits tonnage Tolls transits tonnage Tolls
Argentina------- 16 93,030 $83,727 1 6,620 $4,766
Belgium -------- 67 311,965 280,768 42 218,643 157,423
Brazil --------------- 13 78,780 70,902 2 7,956 5,728
Bulgaria.------- 7 57,006 51,305 4 36,292 26,130
Burundi ------- 2 11,538 10,384 1 5,822 4,192
Canada-- 7 7,710 6,939 4 4,288 3,087
Chile ---------------- 105 721,705 649,535 7 54,477 39,223
Colombia------- 196 1,137,036 1,023,332 6 7,279 5,241
Cuba --------- 31 219,398 197,458
Cyprus ------- 12 77,161 69,445 9 57,811 41,624
Czechoslovakia ------ 7 96,483 86,835
Denmark ------- 407 2,641,188 2,377,069 27 129,045 92,912
East Germany --- 7 35,824 32,242 6 27,856 20,056
Ecuador ------ 95 268,106 241,295 63 53,354 38,415
Finland -------- 33 236,872 213,185 5 40,608 29,238
France ----- --- 152 979,615 881,653 27 121,094 87,188
Greece ---------------. 374 3,017,008 2,715,307 70 704,755 507,424
Honduras ------------ 114 180,443 162,399 85 89,325 64,314
India ---------------- 20 257,103 231,393 11 165,501 119,161
Indonesia ------------ 3 12,140 10,926 2 4,976 3,583
Ireland -------- 20 62,126 55,913
Israel --------- 95 560,755 504,680 18 87,041 62,669
Italy ---------------- 222 1,808,450 1,627,605 30 245,793 176,971
Japan --------------- 977 7,089,197 6,380,277 51 611,856 440,536
Lebanon --- -- 3 17,195 15,476 2 11,961 8,612
Liberia -------- 1,192 12,381,930 11,143,737 351 4,047,933 2,914,512
Mexico -------------- 36 135,948 122,353 20 136,826 98,515
Netherlands ------ 384 1,922,973 1,730,676 85 365,745 263,336
Nicaragua --- ---- 70 173,122 155,810 4 10,118 7,285
Norway -------------- 1,272 11,626,150 10,463,535 226 2,323,423 1,672,865
Panama-------------- 319 1,699,008 1,529,107 200 1,003,908 722,814
Peru .--------- 163 687,227 618,504 7 60,898 43,847
Philippines ------ 93 641,142 577,028
Poland -------- 36 276,561 248,905
Republica of China
(Formosa)----- 99 664,225 597,803 7 55,990 40,313
Rumania ---------- 2 15,044 13,540
Somalia --------- 1 5,004 4,504
South Korea ---------- 31 173,768 156,391 9 46,063 33,165
Spain -------- 21 84,962 76,466 3 10,676 7,687
Sweden ------- 403 2,842,400 2,558,160 63 551,675 397,206
Switzerland---- 43 130,916 117,824 31 48,429 34,869
Thailand -_ --- 5 37,451 33,706 -- --
United Kingdom. -- 1,243 9,938,891 8,945,002 203 1,419,521 1,022,055
United States --.--- 1,368 10,031,537 9,028,383 276 2,977,315 2,143,667
U.S.S.R.------ --- 80 390,634 351,571 18 44,653 32,150
Venezuela ------------ 1 937 843 1 937 675
West Germany -- 1,064 5,478,017 4,930,215 215 1,046,970 753,818
Yugoslavia ------ -- 33 271,038 243,934 6 57,691 41,537
Total FY 1968 .---- 10,944 79,586,719 $71,628,047 2,198 16,901,124 $12,168,809
FY 1967 ---- 10,314 72,965,092 65,668,583 2,025 15,301,251 11,016,901
FY 1966 ---- 10,009 67,604,720 60,844,248 1,850 11,308,104 8,141,835
NoTE.-Above table involves only commercial vessels of 300 net tons or over, Panama Canal
measurement.





Table 16.-Frequency of Transits1 of Vessels Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Year 1968


Flag
Argentina ...------------------
Australia .--------------------..
Belgium ._------------------
Brazil .- ---. -..--------------
Bulgaria.----------------------
Burundi .---------------------
Canada -----------------------
Chile --------------------
Colombia --------------------
Cuba ...-- ------------
Cyprus .--- ------------------..
Czechoslovakia---------------.-
Denmark -----------------
East Germany ---------------
Ecuador -... .--------------
Finland --------------------
France ------------------------
Greece----------.-----------
Honduras.--------------------
India--.---------- ---
Indonesia------------------
Ireland ....................----------------
Israel ..-----.-- ------------
Italy .--------------------
Japan--__.....................------------
Lebanon---------------------
Liberia-----------------------
Mexico -----. ----------------
Netherlands .--------------
Nicaragua---------------------
Norway .--.--- -------- -------
Panama ---------------------
Peru ----------..---------
Philippines --------------
Poland ---._-...----.------
Republic of China (Formosa) -.-
Rumania ......------------------
Somalia ...- --- ------------
South Korea-..---------------
Spain-----...------------
Sweden ---..---------------
Switzerland-..-..---------------
Thailand.................-------------
United Kingdom -------------
United States ...............------------
U.S.S.R....-----------------
Venezuela...------------------
West Germany --....-----.-------
Yugoslavia...-------------------

Total, fiscal year-
1968 ----------------
1967............----------
1966 --- .---------.--


Number of vessels making indicated number of transit
7 8 9 10 11 12 18 14 1 16 17 18
S- 3 ... ...- ...-. --- --- ---


-- --- --- -- ---



2 3 -- -- 3 2 ... 3 ... 2



I 4 2 1 --- -- --- --- --..--- --- --- --

S--- -- --- --- -- -- -- -- ---

2 1 3
2-- --- --- --..- --- ... -- --- ---.. --
- -... -- --- -- --- --- -- -







1 1 2 .. ..- --- -- 1- ---
1 ... .. -- --- .. -- --- .



2 --- ---1 -- --- --- --- -- -
2 9 .-- 1 2- -- --- --- ..



2 6---- 1 ---

12 7 1 2- 1 2 2 -- --- 1 1---
2 1 2 2 1 2 1 ... 1.. 2

S------ --- --- --- ---.
1 --- --- --- -- -- -- --- --- --- ---
--- -- -- --. --- --- -.-- --


S 7 9 1 2 ... --- ... ...---











15 9 8 4 2 9 6 6 3 4 3 2

6 -- 7 I -- --- ~- -- -
-- -- --- -- -- --- --- --- --- --- --- --







-- ---. -- .--. -.- .- -. -- .-- ..-- .--- .--


S5 26


19 20


-_ 1


1 2 ..













-- -- i--



"3 --- 1-


1,361 977 460 403 219 200 101 76 27 33 25 23 15 15 8 16 8 8 6 5 2
1,009 854 355 360 202 230 122 93 20 31 24 16 29 16 3 10 11 10 3 6 3
1,052 b58 372 357 185 218 105 55 28 32 19 18 8 7 6 8 14 11 9 9 5


28 SO 31


- ...--


- -- --
- '- >




--- --- n




--- ---w
S- l








-: ::: H
H: : -

nf


3 1 1 2 1 ... ---
4 1 ...- ...- 4 2 1
4 1 2 ..- 2 1 -..




Number of vessels making indicated number of transit


Argentina ..................-----------
Australia...................-------
Belgium.-----..... ..---......
Brazil-..--...----..--....-------
Bulgaria --.....--- ..---------
Burundi----------....----.....----....---
Canada....................----
Chile .....................-----
Colombia ------...-----.------
Cuba .-------..--..--..--
Cyprus..............-------......
Czechoslovakia .---------------
Denmark -.- ....----.--.--
East Germany ...............-----------------
Ecuador ...................
Finland ...................--
France----....................-----------...
Greece--.....................-------------------
Honduras -------------------
India .....................
Indonesia..................-------------------
Ireland ...................
Israel --...................-.
Italy ......................
Japan..........-...-........--
Lebanon ...__. -
Liberia............-----........----
Mexico -------. -------- --.- -
Netherlands._.. .......
Nicaragua..................-------------
Norway.. .............--
Panama----............ .......
Peru-------..-------- -
Philippines ---------------................----
Poland ......................
Republic of China (Formosa) --.
Rumania ---..-____-.-_--___ -
Somalia ------------ --...__...
South Korea...............---------------
Spain .-...._- _..._-...........
Sweden .....-._.............
Switzerland ..............- --------------
Thailand..--.........-........
United Kingdom.......-------------.....
United States ---...............---------
U.S.S.R --.-...................
Venezucla ..................---------------------
West Germany..............
Yugoslavia .................

Total fiscal year-
1968 -------......-- ..
1967..................-------
1960-----------..................


8S 33 34 85 37 88


SO 40

_ ...
. ..
... ...
... ...
.. _
.. _
..
.. ...


48 43









































1 1


S--- -- -- --- --- ..
3 ..- 2 ..-- -...- -...- -.. 1 2
1 1 1 2 1 ..- 2 ... ...


61 5














'.'. ..I















1 .1
1 .


05 90 95












1. __


1 .


1 ... ...- I 1 1 ---..

2 1 -


Total
126 ships
7
_. 2
...-- 17
9
4
2
.._ 8
.-- 17
--- 21
.-- 14
... 14

S 3
.-- 138
.-- 4
--. 10
--- 13
-- 81
--- 200
1 12
--. 24
2
-._ 8
--- 37
_-. 83
... 347
5
528
--- 23
-- 137
_._ 4
_-_ 500
--- 94
-.- 24
..- 20
___ 12
--- 42
2
1__
.._ 14
--_ 13
--_ 138
S 9
2
542
414
-.. 82
. 1
300
-_- 21


1 1 ... 1
... ... 1 ....
I .-


Total Transits
transit per ship
17 2.43
2 1.00
109 6.41
15 1.67
11 2.75
3 1.50
14 1.75
114 6.71
202 9.62
31 2.07
21 1.50
7 2.33
434 3.14
13 3.25
161 16.10
38 2.92
204 2.52
444 2.22
199 16.58
31 1.29
5 2.50
20 2.50
113 3.05
252 3.04
1,036 2.99
5 1.00
1,543 2.92
58 2.52
469 3.42
74 18.50
1,498 3.00
519 5.52
170 7.08
94 4.70
36 3.00
107 2.55
2 1.00
1 1.00
40 2.86
24 1.85
466 3.3S
74 8.22
5 2.50
1,453 2.68
1,647 3.9S
98 1.20
2 1.00
1,279 4.26
39 1.86


13,199 3.20
12,412 3.62
11,925 3.51


1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges warships. etc.),




Table 17-Segregation of Transitsi by Registered Gross Tonnage-Fiscal Year 1968
Average gross
9,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 16,000 20,009 30,000 40,000 Registered tonnage pr vessel
Under to to to to to to to to and gross
Nationality ,000 8,999 5,999 7,999 9,999 14,000 19,999 9,999 89,999 owsr Totali tonnage 1968 1967
Argentina........................---------------...-------- --- 1 13 3 ---------------------- -------- --------.... 17 130,953 7,703 6,933
Belgium-------------------------- 12 2 86 ----..........---. 5 3 1 ------ .... 109 600,511 5,509 7,646
Brazil-----......------------------........ -----...-..--.--..........--------.... 12 --- ..... .. ---- --..... 2 -------- -------- 14 102,923 7,352 -
Bulgaria-----------------------.......... ------........ ..-- ----.........-------- 5 6 ..----- --... 11 117,322 10,666 9,364
Burundi.....--------------------------------- ------......--........--........ 1 2 ........ ----- ---.-. ---.. -. ... 3 24,225 8,075 7,909
Canada---.----.....................----------------.---... 10 1 -------------------- --...........---- 11 16,914 1,538 ---
Chile-.....................-----..... ---------------- 5 2 17 -.......- 15 60 ------ -. -...--..-- ---- 99 864,063 8,728 9,182
Colombia--.............-..........------------- 17 7 104 ------- -------- 72 .----------------------- -------- 200 1,409,178 7,046 6,569
Cuba---------------------..................------ ..--------... ---------.....----... ...-------...-. 31 --. --- --.. ........ ........ ------- 31 294,698 9,506 8,670
Cyprus--.--...............---------- ...-- ....------------------........ 2 -- 6 7 6 .----- .. .-... --.- 21 174,359 8,303 7,438
Czechoslovakia---....----..---------- -- --- -- .. .... ..... --........ 1 5 1 2------- 7 118,969 16,996 24,344
Denmark--........----...........-------------------.... 15 35 160 109 46 48 6 15 -------.. ------- 434 3,042,369 7,010 7,516
East Germany.--............---....---... ..------- -..------... 10 ......------- 3 -------- ........ -- --- .--- 13 76,618 5,894 5,180
Ecuador--...------------......... ---........--------... 122 ....... 16 7 ------... 13 ----- ---- --------.... 158 436,652 2,764 4,848
Finland--------------------.......................------ .. ---------------- 2 21 8 7 ----------.........-------------- -------- 38 310,323 8,166 6,289
France.....-----...--......-..-----------........... 1 5 54 38 42 22 ---.- 10 --- 2 174 1,497,380 8,606 6,559
Greece-----.. ----------.-----..-------... 14 33 24 57 97 131 69 18 1 -- 444 4,750,961 10,700 10,375 '-j
Honduras ....------------------------........ 132 30 6 31 ------ ---..--- ........ ...... ... 199 439,230 2,207 2,231
India ------------------ -------------.--. ------------- 1 7 1 2 20 ........ ------- 31 555,304 17,913 19,083 Z
Indonesia--........................----------------------........--------. 4 --1 ........------------------------ ------- --------------- 5 20,401 4,080 7,230 >
Ireland--..--......------..........---------........ 12 ....... 1 2 3 2 .. 20 88,569 4,428 7,147 Z
Israel.---------- --------------.. -- 18 4 39 17 16 12 3 1 3 -------- 113 796,884 7,052 6,782 fl
Italy ----------------------------- I 7 10 42 62 93 29 8 ----- ----.--- 252 2,716,270 10,779 10,614
Japan....---------------------------.. 60 27 6 165 551 147 1 23 45 3 1,028 10,333,112 10,052 10,044
Lebanon------------------------- ---... ------ ........ 3 2 ---..-- -----. ---- --- 5 40,287 8,057 7,235 r
Liberia-------------------------- 124 23 47 147 172 478 294 211 44 3 1,543 20,686,349 13,407 12,550
Mexico ---------------------------........22 7 1 3 -------..... 22 ---------------------- --------........ .... 55 349,307 6,351 7,008 J
Netherlands-----------...................--------... 11 12 14 96 56 82 7 20 1 469 3,014,627 6,428 5,820 -0
Nicaragua......-------.---.................---------- ..-----.... --- 74 ......... ------74 181,274 2,450 2,444 0
Norway-----------------------... 54 57 157 157 182 499 212 153 16 11 1,498 18,209,218 12,156 10,996 M
Panama.--.--------.. ----------------..... 278 33 17 16 20 42 85 20 -----.. ---------- 517 3,457,344 6,687 6,540 e.q
Peru.--------------------- -------- 45 19 23 46 26 11 -------- -------- ------- -------- 170 943,621 5,551 5,563
Phlippines------------------.............................--------...--...------..--------------.... 77 16 ------------------------............... 93 923,548 9,931 10,348 >
Poland--------------------..........................-- --.........-- ----------.. 24 1 ..... 1 10 ------ ---- 36 314,607 8,739 7,313 Z
Republic of China (Formosa) .......---.....----- 1 8 36 35 26 ------.. ------------------------ 106 936,315 8,833 8,752
Rumania------------------------ ---------------... ---------------- 1 1 ........ ------ --- 2 27,472 13,736 ------
Somalia ---- ---------------------- -------- ------ 1 .. .. .. .. -- --- --- --- 1 5,059 5,059 --- 5
South Korea-----.....-----......----------.....-- 3 ...----- -----........ 25 12 -.--. ----1.. -... ........ ........ 40 281,317 7,033 6,751
Spain---------------------------- 3 7 9 2 2 --- 1 ..---------------- ----..-- 24 116,458 4,852 4,774 >
Sweden -------- ----- ------- 3 3 53 131 143 61 51 21 .. 466 4,596,629 9,864 9,926 -
Switzerland ------------------- 60 ...------- ---.....------. 1 13 ------ ------- ----------------........ ........ 74 215,39 2,917 4,037
Thailand---....... 5 5 45,557 9,111 --H
United Kingdom ------------------ 115 20 47 283 287 478 94 111 1 10 1,446 15,229,562 10,532 10,220
United States....--------------------- 161 52 67 318 423 411 133 63 --- --- 1,628 15,390,565 9,454 9,833 >
U.S.S.R.........---...............-----.. 2 29 12 17 28 10 -------------.......------------------- 98 629,746 6,426 7,866
Venezuela----------............--------------......... 2 .. .. ... ....-- ---- -- --- 2 2,870 1,435 1,012
West Germany--------------------. 125 519 190 251 62 56 68 8 1,279 6,963,546 5,445 5,265 0
Yugoslavia----------......------------....... 1 ...---. 2 5 9 16 3 3 --------.. ------- 39 418,874 10,740 12,229 >
Total fiscal year 1968--....------ 1,598 1,015 1,220 2,049 2,452 2,836 1,077 715 111 29 13,102 121,898,179 9,304 9,093 >
Percent of total...---. ----- 12.2 7.8 9.3 15.6 18.7 21.7 8.2 5.5 .08 .02 100.0
1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement.
2 Excludes 57 vessels paying tolls on displacement tonnage basis and 40 transits where no registered gross tonnage was reported.




Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal
[Thousands of long tons]
Atlantic to Pacific Pacific to Atlantic
1966 1967 1968 Commodity 1968 1967 1966
293 269 365 Canned and Refrigerated Foods ---------------------------------__-------------__ 3,439 3,463 3,407
211 189 183 Canned Foods -___ -__-__________________ _________-______________-_ 710 795 827
12 12 11 Fish -------------------------------- ----_ -- 139 103 97
5 7 8 Fruit __ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 443 534 532
125 100 87 Milk --- ---------------------------------------- 48 48 48
69 70 77 Other and unclassified --_------------------------------------__ ___------__ __ 80 110 150
82 80 182 Refrigerated Foods ------_-___- __---------- -------.-_ 2,729 2,668 2,580
---- -- 11 Bananas ------__-__.-------_-____---_------___ 1,330 1,364 1,314
17 24 33 Dairy products --------------------------------------------------- 328 306 279
29 23 96 Fish___ ---------------------------------------------------------- 142 126 104
5 5 6 Fruit, excluding bananas ------------------------------------------_ 205 226 300
30 25 28 Meat --------------------------------------------------- --------- 709 635 573 Z
1 3 8 Other and unclassified ----------------__-------------------------____ 15 11 10
1,118 1,261 1,340 Chemicals and Petroleum Chemicals__-______ ____________ 356 463 413 0
N.A. N.A. 230 Caustic soda ___ _______ ___ ______ ____ --------------- 11 N.A. N.A. >
841 1,016 748 Chemicals, unclassified---_--_-----------------------------------------____ _____ 193 330 240 t
277 245 362 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ________ -------------------------------------- 152 133 173 ,z
6,900 9,077 13,143 Coal and Coke -.--__________-_.___ ______.___________ ._________________ 51 279 250
6,763 7,063 8,347 Grains -------________ _____ _________. _______ __ ___ ____ ______ 1,509 1,356 2,784 0
15 17 26 Barley ------------------------------------------------------------- 407 532 680 -
2,696 2,651 2,831 Corn -----------------------------------------------.. --------------- 124 146 285
486 524 848 Rice --------------------------------------------------------------- _____ __234 123 127
522 509 1,159 Sorghum --------.---------___- _______ ___----------------------- 95 0
2,119 1,977 2,495 Soybeans -----------------------------------------------------------____ ___ 23 18 20 cn
812 1,328 917 Wheat -----.-. -----------.----__-__ __.._...--------_ 692 365 1,441 H
113 57 71 Other and unclassified .________ ________------------------------------ 29 77 231
167 202 218 Lumber and Products -___________------------------ ._________----------- 5,814 5,096 5,368
N.A. N.A. 13 Boards and planks _______________---------------------------------------------------_ 2,350 N.A. N.A.
N.A. N.A. 16 Plywood, veneers, composition board ___ ____ _._..___ _____ 659 N.A. N.A. >
115 151 143 Pulpwood ______- __ ______- -________---__________ __ 973 707 594 r
52 51 46 Other and unclassified-----------------_-------_-------------------------_____ ______ __ 1,832 4,389 4,774 U
1,088 1,170 1,166 Machinery and Equipment -- ____------------------- ____________----------- 398 266 259 >
87 78 131 Agricultural machinery and implements ------------ --------______ 15 3 2 >
452 487 543 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts ---------------__ ._ -._-- ---__ 112 64 52
N.A. N.A. 148 Construction machinery and equipment --.-_---_--_ _--------_ 31 N.A. N.A.





95
454
1,896
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
989
132

7
164
168
518
4,415
305
1
16
3,639
127
327
3,261
1,480
979
2
101
212
17
85

51
33
1,781
30
16


1
73
54
4,167
59
22


127
46
5,143
43
25


87 113
518 231
2,017 1,839
N.A. 300
N.A. 48
N.A. 377
N.A. 167
N.A. 163
N.A. 784
1,304 1,021
174 179
1 6
7 6
197 274
287 97
638 459
4,235 5,177
184 244
11 7
12 17
3,469 4,228
84 125
475 556
5,631 6,968
1,464 1,825
1,120 1,350
12 58
75 122
48 33
23 13
58 76


Electrical machinery and apparatus ------___-__
Other and unclassified---------- ------- ---- --
Manufactures of Iron and Steel---------------------------------------
Angles, shapes, and sections ----------- ------- -- -- -- --
Nails, tacks, and spikes------------------------------------------
Plates, sheets, and coils------------- -----------------
Tubes, pipes, and fittings-------------------------
Wire, bars, and rods --.-
Other and unclassified--- --------------------------
Minerals, miscellaneous----------------------------- -----------
Asbestos-------------___---------------- --
Borax --------------------- -----------
Infusorial earth-----------------------------------------------
Salt-------------- --------------------
Soda and sodium compounds-
Sulfur -------------------------------------
Nitrates, Phosphates, and Potash---------- --------- ------
Amunmonium compounds -- ---- ----------
Fishmeal ---------
Nitrate of soda ---------------------------
Phosphates-----------------------------
Potash -------------------------------------------
Fertilizers, unclassified -------------- ___ -----------
Ores and Metals -------- ----------
Ores------- ----------------------------------------------
Alumina/bauxite---------------
Chrome--------------------------------------
Copper __ ------------- ---------------
Iron-------------------------------------------------
Lead----------------------------------------
Manganese-------------------------------
Tin--------------------------- -- ----------
Zinc---------------------------------------------------
Other and unclassified--------------
Metals-------------------------------- -----
Aluminum ----------------------
Copper-------------------------------------------------


143
97
4,149
180
96
1,552
244
314
1,763
975
29
354
65
315
17
195
2,906
5
1,700
442
102
644
13
6,015
4,708
409
117
247
3,078
125
47
76
212
397
1,307
68
673


104
95
3,234
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
644
23
289
63
82
16
171
2,465
3
1,287
597
123
439
16
6,541
5,260
136
174
170
3,956
43
35
101
175
416
1,335
67
720


70
135
3,239
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
601
20
276
61

6
238
2,310
27
1,075
715
200
276
17
8,134
6,833
2
333
113
5,622
50
77
67
200
369
1,301
132
638




Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Atlantic to Pacific Pacific to Atlantic C5
1966 1967 19- 8Commodity
1966 1967 1968 1968 1967 1966
98 463 2,084 Iron --- -_-_--------- __--.-......_____-.._ 48 49 65
4 5 13 Lead ------------------------------------------------------- 200 205 194
1,452 3,441 2,800 Scrap _---------------------------.. ___-_____.._.._ __ _____-_ _--- 25 12 13
153 150 140 Tin, including tinplate --______-----------------------------------------_ 89 73 67
7 7 8 Zinc ------------------------------------------------------__________ 127 152 150
21 20 30 Other and unclassified _______------------------------------------------- 77 57 42
1,329 1,665 1,995 Other Agricultural Commodities ------------,_______ ..________ ---------------- 4,985 4,829 4,656
19 19 60 Beans, edible -----------_______ 50 46 59
49 47 39 Cocoa and cacao beans ________ 50 39 31
92 87 79 Coffee --------_---------........ ._._ ._._._ 468 443 404
7 --- 1 Copra and coconuts ____----------------------------------- 207 190 191
386 503 586 Cotton, raw ____ ________--------------------------------------- 193 250 350 2
1 2 2 Fruit, dried -......... .__ __.__ ______._.____ 89 93 112 >
54 110 139 Molasses --------------------------------------------------------______ ____ 423 564 313 0
14 16 46 Oilseeds --------------------------------------------------------_____161 330 240 5C
2 ______ 1 Peas, dry -------------------------------------------------------- 61 43 50 r
7 6 5 Rubber, raw -_ ____ ___ 149 94 65 M
30 29 36 Skins and hides ----------------------------------------------------_ 81 53 57 t
655 834 989 Sugar__ -----_-__-___--- ----------------------------__________ 2,735 2,470 2,503
13 12 12 Wool,raw --------------------------------------------- 318 214 281 z
14,656 16,060 16,101 Petroleum and Products ---- -- _-_____-----------------__ 1,657 741 1,071 H
149 110 84 Asphalt__ ___ ------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 >
4,874 5,085 5,321 Crude oil ------------------------------------------------------- 651 265 222 0
( (1,800 Diesel oil ------------------------------------ 41) ) cn
4,663 (4,465 (2,672 Fuel oil, residual------------------------- ---------- 301) 83) 311 H
2,272 2,968 2,719 Gasoline ----------- ------- -.. .. ---------------_ 23 28 115 >
N.A. N.A. 1,131 Jet fuel ....----- -----..---------. -.------------- ----- ___ N.A. N.A. 5
1,324 2,068 1,119 Kerosene ---------------------------- -----------------------------------___ 15 13 H
955 1,089 957 Lubricating oil --------------------------------------------------- 124 123 114 n
N.A. N.A. 133 Petroleum coke ------------------------------------- 282 N.A. N.A. >
419 275 165 Other and unclassified --------------------------------- 234 227 290
3,797 4,038 3,680 Miscellaneous ___------------------------------------------------------ 2,936 2,825 2,540 0
38 30 39 Bricks and tile ---------------------------------------------------- 101 60 71 H
319 277 104 Cement___ ____--------------------------------- ------ 45 39 24 >
114 141 182 Clay, fire and china ------------------------------------------------- 15 5 2




281 260 314
119 105 96
45 57 65
99 94 98

1 6 1
72 96 95

507 667 720
11 12 10
115 127 182
91 97 105
64 58 91
55 61 56
67 75 80
1,799 1,875 1,442
46,672 53,992 61,360


Flour, wheat ------------------ 34 38 35
Glass and glassware --------- ---------------------- 61 38 40 z
Groceries, miscellaneous -------------- --- -- ---- ---- 38 34 23 >
Liquors and wines ------------------------------------------ 51 50 56 5
Oil, coconut ---------------- ----------------------------------- 189 163 152 >
Oil, fish-------------------- ------------------------------------ 249 211 69 0
Oil, vegetable --------------- --------------------------------- 27 21 35 >
Oil, whale ----------- --------------------------------- 55 22 8 >
Paper and paper products ------------ -- ---- ---------- 306 293 225 r
Porcelainware ---------------------- ------ ------------- 107 105 112 C
Resin---------------------------- ------------------- 22 19 21 9
Rubber, manufactured ----------------- -- -------- 47 45 43 it
Tallow ------------------ ----------------------------------- -- 21 26 31 >
Textiles ----------------------------- ------------------ 241 211 69 Z
Tobacco and manufactures -------------------------------------------- 25 9 15
All other and unclassified --------------------------- 1,306 1,450 1,390
--- Total ----------- ------------ ------------ ---------- 35,190 32,202 35,032





Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas 01


To W.C.
To West Coast United States Canada


To West Coast Central America


EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
North Atlantic ports-..........
South Atlantic ports ..--------......
Gulf ports ...........----------.
Great Lakes ports----------.....
United States (other)2.........

Total United States-..........

EAST COAST CANADA ---------- ---.. .-

EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras-...--------------
Costa Rica... ---- ..----...
El Salvador ... --------.. ---
Guatemala--------------...............--------
Honduras........--------.. .... ..
Mexico ...---------------------.
Nicaragua ....- ------------------
Panama-.....-....-...- ..------
Central America (other)2 ..........
Cristobal, C.Z. --------------

Total Central America ----------

WEST INDIES:
British West Indies .-
Cuba.------- ...---- ..-
French West Indies --------------.
Haiti and Dominican Republic --.--
Netherland West Indies ....- -- -.-
Puerto Rico------ -------
West Indies (other) ...............


Alaska Hawaii Mainland
--..... 61,321 857,581
------ 2,297 50,069
1,121 40,076 1,975,908


Total
918,902
52,366
2,027,105


-..---- 5,893 50 5,943

1,121 109,587 2,883,608 2,994,316

------- ----.....--- 23.594 23.594


20,025


20,025





143,403


14,603


14,603

113,090


366,566
693


Total West ludies--------..-----........... 143.403 480,349


EUROPE:
Belgium............----------------
Denmark........................--------------
East Germany ---.... .
Finland..--..--..-------....------------
France ...........................
Italy..-.. .. ..------- .......
Netherlands -...............--------------.-----
Norway..----..-...-- ---
Poland ---------------------............
Rumania ------------.---------
Spain-Portual ---.................


221
130

45
80





41


186,831


186,831


Canada

27,502
202,274


229,776

33


221,459


221,459


589,905 702,995 327,837
- - -. - - .- .- -


2,877
916,979
265,359
103,936

1,879,056

184,397
18,352

66,596
35,283
71,125
37,806
67,282
2,072

19.397
1.1 2r..


2,877
1,426,948
266,052
103,936

2,502,808


184,618
18,482

66,641
35,283
71,205
37,806
67,282
2,072

19.397
t-in.he.


209
3
30

328,079


49.908
3,036

189
3,209
8,695
8,605
3,460
23

4,208
2.171


Costa
Rica
26,814
1,498
89,324

934

118,570




14,802

1,403
3,201

1,479

10

20,895


1,894


20,861
10


22,765


5,858
49

522

649
12,022
69

366
.".'Q2


El Sal-
vador
6,794
3,589
67,542
141
1,225

79,291


Guate-
mala
88

6,854
1,953


8,895


74

74


808


33,957
1,044


35,809

62,857
1,002

898
382
21,816
17,707


4,180
1.J A


------- -----


3,862 .....


3,862 .....


5,957
24


1
1,951
2,242
1


Nica-
Mexico ragua
2 15,035
--..-- 2,409
4,104 99,903
.-.---- 356
------- 7,555

4,106 125,258


.-- 100,988


-- 12

--..- 101,000


76,378


76,378


461

10

112

583

6,238


29,426
58

35,722


1,926 38,088 14,233
----. 35 307
-.-.-- 627
109
--- 45 3,912
1,650 12,648 9,758
22 ----- -----

..... ----- 936
S----- --- 36
.1 1.. li j


Central
America Balboa
Panama (other)2 C.Z.1
1,627 6,287 10,363
----.-- ---.-- 876
26,785 5,615 82,055
------- 2,487 ---------
329 538 1,827

28,741 14,927 95,121

268 -___ -


------- ------

647 ------
2,140 -.----


177,588 -..---

. ---- -- 320

180,375 320


Total
67,562
8,375
383,042
4,937
12,786

476,702

2.521


-----.--- 14,802

--------- 2,050
------ --- 5,341
------ 101,449

468,083 647,160

2,600 3,128

470,683 773,930


500 764 91,590

----- ------ 15,278


16,112


16,612







10,432


16 152,473
1,273 7,203


2,053 266,544


10,343
38

1,075
73
65
5,455

13

128
2 ll;l


1,321


101,794

15,278

333,0'5
9,588

459,745


139,262
1,455
3,122
565
28,438
73,235
22
92
4,710
1; I





United Kingdom....----------------------- 131 141,636 141,767 105,587 2,317 5,733 593 112 19,473 1,918 --...-----... 2,341 3 32,490
U.S.S.R --------------------------..------------- ----
West Germany...--------------------............ ....... 647 201,787 202,434 23,993 15,352 18,454 4,241 2,914 200 9,002 ....... 5,257 -........-- 55,420
Europe (other)2-................... ------- 107 144,610 144,717 53,415 3,290 11,398 1,446 703 66 5,282 -.---- 13,190 209 35,584
Total............------------...-------..-..------. ....... 1,405 1,030,605 1,032,010 206,499 41,526 144,972 17,498 7,336 70,565 45,636 10,432 40,054 1,533 379,552
EAST COAST SoUTH AMERICA:
Argentina--.....-------......---..---.....---------......... 72 8,790 8,962 162 --.---......-----...... -------52 -.....- 10 ------- -......... ----.... ......... 62
Brazil.............--------------------........---- ------- ------- 62,092 62,092 5,673 .-
Colombia-...--...----------...-------------------....... ..-------. 924 924 ------- 16,108 93 ------ 35 15 4,172 443 618 21 ,107 42,591
Guyana.--........------------------------------------............................. 4,719 4,719 58,857 ..--- -- --..
Netherlands Guiana ...- ..-- 279,802 279,802 3,034
Venezuela .....---- ......... 76,448 334,769 1,411,260 1,822,477 67,948 21,308 508,035 373,918 ----- 3,500 301,788 -....... 28,138 567,166 1,803,853
South America (other) ....--......................------ 662 662 65 ------- ------ ------ --- ------ ------ --- --.........-- -----
Total South America............. 76,448 334,841 1,768,249 2,179,538 135,739 37,416 508,128 373,970 35 3,525 305,960 443 28,756 588,273 1,846,506
AsIA (Middle East) ................ -....- ....... 8,563 8,563 366 ..
AFRCA- ------....------....... ---....... ..-.... --- 27,645 27,645 15,000 .. -- --.---- ..... -.. -...--- ....- -.....- ..- ..- ..-
Grand total----.-----------....--... --..... 240,997 940,785 7,808,151 8,989,933 975,492 241,172 768,200 404,299 9,164 255,574 515,412 236,603 86,378 1,422,154 3,938,956
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BouON CARGO ...... 0.39 1.53 12.73 14.65 1.59 0.39 1.26 0.66 ..... 0.42 0.84 0.39 0.14 2.32 6.42
See footnotes at end of table.







Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To West Coast South America


To Oceania


EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
North Atlantic ports-------------------------------.
South Atlantic ports---------..................... ....
Gulf ports-------------------............... ...........
Great Lakes ports................................. .
United States (other).-----........................---
Total United States................................


South
America
Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru (other)2 Total Australia
311,309 58,244 68,817 95,846 10,226 544,442 181,297
51,000 2,026 76,564 9,931 1,194 140,715 41,174
430,944 85,243 136,241 387,662 35,807 1,075,897 810,0926
2,377 2,373 182 334 6,314 11,580 32,469
23,791 8,580 9,297 27,800 6,930 76,398 67,934
819.421 156,466 291,101 521.573 60.471 1,849.032 1.133,800


British
Oceania
871
1,452


2,323


French
Oceania
970
1,327
1,128
3,425


New Oceania
Zealand (other)2 Total
24,933 6,361 214,432
2,181 6,269 49,624
180,801 34,501 1,029,007
1,536 186 34,191
21,742 100 90,904
231,193 47,417 1,418,158


EAST COAST CANADA-------------------------------------.............-- 14,996 7,879 8,918 36,426 13,356 81,575 213,895 ......-


70 27,384 1,306 242,655


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras.----------------------------......-
Costa Rica.------------------------......-..- ... ...
El Salvador ... ------.......-- ...-- ...
Guatemala------------------------------------.....-----..
Honduras...------------.......... ... __.............._.-
Mexico------------- ------a .-----.----------
Nicaragua.-------------------------------.--------....-
Panama ----- -----------------... .-......-.....
Central America (other)2 .................................
Cristobal, C.Z. .--------- ------------- .....-
Total Central America ------........... -...............
WEST INDIES:
British West Indies.------ ...-- ----..- .. .
Cuha... ------- -- ..- ..-- .-- ----
French West Indies -...................................--
Haiti and Dominican Republic-..--------------.------- _..
Netherland West Indies -----..- ---- ..- ....-
Puerto Rico.--...-- ....
West Indies (other)i ------------....---- .... -
Total West Indies ..--................................

EUROPE:
Belgium -----------------..... ....... .................-
Denmark------------------------------------------.....................................--
East Germany-----------.......................................
Finland.----------------------------------- -
France.-------- ------ -----------------------------
Italy---------------- ---.-...-..----....--...
Netherlands ---------------------------.-.- -.. .. -.-.. ...
Norway --------------------------------------
Poland.................................................
Rumania------------------.............----...................


14,227




14,227

24,446


281,058
393

305,897


680
364

856


1,900

1,480

2
3
13

1,498


714

2,579


3,293

1,849

1
62,728
4

64,582


8,262




8,262

7,095

1
272,798
1,980

281,874


2,908




2,908

1

2
20,998
1,752

22,753


680
26,475
3,435


30,590

34,871

6
637,585
4,142

676,604


83,333 3,594 48,365 93,503 28,454 255,249
3,429 262 3,934 1,274 1,331 10,230
3,780 16,773 3,970 13,644 9,803 -47,970
37,000 347 4,015 20,886 6,947 69,195
10,871 2,202 12,485 13,346 6,457 45,361
27,314 4,658 11,106 81,713 13,939 138,630
810 532 1,727 16,935 1,639 21,643
13,240 5,368 1,054 54,980 331 74,973
5,033 ---------....---..-......--- ......-------.. .--.---..... 5,033


672
143,150


20

143,842

294
251




545





1,376
5,406
627


31,694




31,694

2,501


60



2,561

35,790
36
2,323
2,034
8,414
35,968
2,224
28


672
174,844


20

175,536

2,910
500
60



3,470

45,016
36
2,323
200,176
15,374
54,349
2,224
28


115
249




364

7,473


184,929
1,547
10,462





Spain-Portugal---..--------------------------------
Sweden-...------------------------------------.-----
United Kingdom..-----------------------------------
U.S.S.R ------------------------------------------
West Germany----------------- -------------------
Europe (other)' ----------------------------------------
Total Europe..............................------------------------------------
EAST COAST SOUTn AMERICA:
Argentina ........................................----------------------------------------------
Brazil -------------------------------------------
Colombia ----------------.-----------------------
Guyana .-------------------------------------------
Netherlands Guiana --------------------------------
Venezuela....................-------------------...............----------...---------...
South America (other)2 ..................................
Total South America
AsIA (Middle East) ---------------


24,044
7,149
31,917
1,043
66,361
27,641

342,965



2,369
1,350

1,726,209

1,729,928


22,195
1,288
13,272

18,935
8,110
97,536

16,168
2,419
198,622
5,815
2
815

223,841


762 4,216
3,256 6,672
13,088 50,777
------- 25
24,036 53,817
20,630 36,278

146,428 448,066


1,094


622,173

623,267


42
191,667
1,250

770,826
978

964,763


10 61 ...... 71 --------- ----- ------- 926 ......


AFRICA .................---------
Grand total ......--.
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BouND CARGO
See footnotes at end of table.


..---- 9,842 ---------------- 192 --- 10,034 --------- ------ 1 --.......----- ..-.... 4
---------............. 3,237,276 489,120 1,137,599 2,261,217 256,453 7,381,665 1,556,003 29,501 247,279 795,067 96,544 2,724,394
------ 5.28 0.80 1.85 3.68 0.42 12.03 2.54 0.04 0.41 1,30 0.15 4.44


4,213
6,341
4,948
31,284
26,210

141,797

15
1,273

13,556
324

15,168


55,430
24,706
114,002
1,068
194,433
118,869
1,176,792

16,183
2,461
395,025
2,600
5,815
3,132,766
2,117

3,556,967


33,128
15,000
963
56,500


58

5,415
1,948

7,421


21,071
1,116
3,555
27,178


1,993
7,595
29,420
243,419


875
6,817
322,962
20,438
30,413
468,322


875
6,817
395,032
48,966
72,024
843,24


-58

5,415

34,935


40,408


....... ...... 32,987

-............ 32,978







Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued
To Asia Percent
of total
British Philip- Pacific-
EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA: East Hong Indo- North pine South South Thai- Asia Grand bound
United States: Indies China Formosa Kong nesia Japan Korea Islands Russia Korea Vietnam land (other)2 Total Total cargo
North Atlantic ports.....--------- 19,560 ..... 126,152 41,201 26,696 14,153,558 ....... 169,095 ----- 144,123 131,872 42,184 118,049 14,972,490 16,717,831 27.25
South Atlantic ports-----.......---....... 19,169 -....... 15,854 12,765 573 338,889 -- 28,219 ... 30,566 7,518 14,865 9,037 477,455 756,034 1.23
Gulf ports------- 44,290 -....... 428,439 154,058 169,889 8,964,153 --- 313,750 .--- 842,344 743,606 86,471 219,980 11,966,980 16,674,305 27.17
Great Lakes ports --. -- -- 2,626 44 21,809 1,941 132 559,438 --...... 6,430 --- 38,335 38,611 9 34,618 703,993 754,701 1.23
United States (other)2 -....------....----..-. 7,012 --....... 38,449 22,457 15,649 282,588 --.. 47,613 ----... 59,441 48,331 33,877 55,420 610,837 796,868 1.30
Total United States .........-- ------ 92,657 44 630,703 232,422 212,939 24,298,626 ------ 565,107 ------.... 1,114,809 969,938 177,406 437,104 28,731,755 35,699,739 58.18


EAST COAST CANADA-..---.....-.....---..------------.....--. 18,250 ---...... 10,901 16,587 340 526,883 ------ 26,419 1,313 24,246


3 11,003 33,934 669,879 1,020,257 1.66


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras --------- ---- --- --- --.. ---.... 2,310 --- --- --- ---- --- --- 202 2,512 2,512 .
Costa Rica ------------------------------------------------------------------- ---- --------- ----- ------ ------- -------- 14,802 0.02
El Salvador ---................ .... .... .... .... .... ...... .... .... ... ..... .... .... .... ... ....
Guatemala ................. .......... .. ...... 4,387 ------- ------------------------------------ 541 4,928 6,978 0.01
Honduras............... --------------------------- ------- ---------------------------- 9,065 ---- ---.................. 9,065 15,758 0.03
Mexico -------------------------....... ------ -------------- .. .. 78,963 .-- -- --- ----- 445 620 80,028 382,796 0.62
N ica ra g u aa - - - - - --. --.-. - --. - --. - --. --. -. - .- - .- .- - .- - .- - .- - .- - .- .- - .- - .- -
Panama .----------------- 12,584 ------- 200 ------ --------- -- ------- ------- 12,784 884,838 1.45
Central America (other)'----------------------------------------- -----0 ------ ------2 ------ ---------------- ------------- 10 10 ----14
Central America (other) 10 _.10 10 ..
Cristobal. C.Z. ....... ----292 40 ---..... 71 ----------------------..-- --- ---5 408 3,556 0.01
Total Central Amerca ------- ... -- ---.... 292 40 ---...... 107,390 --- 200 .. ........-----... 445 1,368 109,735 1,311,250 2.14
WEST INDIES:
British West Indies...--...............------- 1,507 -------------.. 17 ....---- 45,665------ 5 -- -------- -- 5 47,199 1,217,606 1.98
Cuba ---- ------- 11,503 196,180 .....--------------... 181 643,726 100,247 ....... 68,51 ------------- 1,020,727 1,020,727 1.66
French West Indies .-... ---. 5,206 -------. ...-- ------- 5,206 20,984 0.04
Haiti and Dominican Republic-- ------- 25 ----.... 35,549 -------------- 301------ 5 35,880 38,972 0.06
Netherland West Indies---................-------------------------------...... 1 ..--.... 1,262,164 10,960 ...------------------------------------ 1,273,125 3,670,806 5.98
Puerto Rico ..-----.............. --- ----- --.. ........ 50 .. 199 ---------- --------- 249 280,031 0.46
West Indies (other)2. -----.. -- --- -- ...... ..----- 1,471 -------------------------- ------- ----- ------- 1,471 105,437 0.18
Total West Indies .----------------- 13,010 196,189 ------- 93 181 1,993,980 100,247 10,965 68,881 ......... 301 ---. 10 2,383,857 6,354,563 10.36


EUROPE:
Belgium ---------------------------------- ------ 2,146 289 .......
Denmark ...----------------- ------ ------- ------- ------ ......
East Germany -..-.- -- --.... ..... 1,917 ------ 907 .......
Finland --------------- ------ ---- ---- ---- ----
France --.....-------------------------..... ---- -------....... 12 ...... ......------
Italy. ------ .....-----. --...- 55 ------ 14 97 19
Netherlands----------.............--------........... 1,683 ....--... 1,278 1,505 ----....--
Norway..................................-----------. ....... ....... .......-----
Poland -------.-- ----- ---- --- ----- ..-- ..--- -... ... ... ...----
Rumania ...........---....---- ------- ------- -----................----- ------


57,870 ------ 1,304 .------ 421 ----- ----- 2,284
572 ------------------------------------------- 115
375,825 12,395 --..--... 12,283 --------------- ------- ------
71,093 ----- ----- ----- ------- ----- .---- ------
31,014 ------------ 900 ---........ 40
21,748 -.--. 3 --------------------- ------- 978
452,286 ------ 18,259 --...... 480 --..----- ------- 10,513
18,728 ...------------ ------.. -------- ---- ---- ----
1,048,451 6,485 ------------- --------------------------
216,322 -------... ------------ -------- ------- 1 29


64,314 738,367 1.20
687 33,926 0.06
403,327 403,327 0.66
71,093 191,338 0.31
31,966 340,394 0.55
22,914 191,987 0.32
486,004 798,629 1.30
18,728 113,359 0.18
1,054,936 1,132,124 1.85
216,352 221,385 0.36





Spain-Portugal ------------------------------------- 92 17 ...---- 43,131 ...--------------....... ...----...--....-------.....--- ......---...--- ...-----.... 43,240 127,860 0.21
Sweden ---------------------------------------------- ------------- 29,612-- ---- --............. --- ----.................... ----- 29,612 108,769 0.18
United Kingdom .-------------------- --- 11,948 22,721 ....... 103,567 ...---- 2,359 ------ 2,326 --- ----- 1,487 144,408 933,286 1.52
U.S.S.R --------------------- -------------------------------------------346,670 .....-----....----.... 2,571 ----------------..------------- 349,241 350,309 0.57
West Germany------------------------------------ 3,746 3 -------...... 335,950 ..----- 163 ----.. 510 ------- ------ 2,026 342,398 867,644 1.41
Europe (other)2 ..-.................. 9 ------- 991 200 ..---- 153,557 -...--. 1,644 ---- 1,496 ----- ------ 1,873 159,770 584,379 0.95
Total Europe....--.......-------------- -- 1,747 1,917 20,227 25,739 19 3,306,396 18,880 23,732 14,854 6,133 ------- 1 19,345 3,438,990 7,137,083 11.63
EAST COAST SOUTImI AMERICA:
Argentina ---------------------------- 28,479 ------. ------- ----- -------- ------- ------- 221 28,700 53,969 0.09
Brazil .................----------------------------------------.... 1 .... 142,394 ------....... 3 ------ -------------- ------ 362 142,770 213,054 0.35
Colombia..----------------------------------- 45 6 401 --...- 20 ----------------------------- 11 483 439,023 0.72
Guyana ....--------------------------- 10,623 ---- ------- 2,121 ---..... 38,253 ---- -- ---- 1 50,998 122,589 0.20
Netherlands Guiana ..................... 984 ---- 5,786 ------------------------------------.------------ 6,770 295,421 0.48
Venezuela ....-------------------------- 1,415 ------------- 12 -- 1,132,380 -- 19,192 -- 5,255 9,543---- 34,680 1,202,477 8,064,456 13.14
South America (other)2 --------------------- ------- ------- 1 --- 3,965 --- --- --- --- --- --- 3,966 6,810 0.01
Total South America------............--------. 12,038 ....... 56 3,124 ------ 1,351,658 ------- 19,215 ....--- 5,255 9,543 .---. 35,275 1,436,164 9,195,322 14.99
AsIA (Middle East)--....--............---------------..----------------------------------- 21,71 ...... 10 ....-.........--------------...-------.....-----..... 81 21,809 31,735 0.05
AFRICA ..................----------------.....---------- 1 ------ -------1 15 --.----.... 557,290 40 -----...... 55 60 -- --------- 29 557,490 610,170 0.99
Grand total -------....-- .......------------... 137,703 198,150 662,179 278,020 213,479 32,163,941 119,167 645,648 85,103 1,150,503 979,785 188,855 527,146 37,349,679 61,360,119
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BOUND CARGO ---------...... 0.23 0.32 1.08 0.45 0.35 52.42 0.19 1.05 0.14 1.88 1.60 0.30 0.86 60.87 100.00
I Includes both local and transshipped cargo.
2Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.










Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic
During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas


To East Coast United Staltes


WEST COAST NoRTn AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska.............-..-----------..-----------------
Hawaii ----....................--------------------------
Mainland-------------------------------

Total United States a-----------------


North
Atlantic
ports
174,128
929,252

1,103,380


South
Atlantic
ports
10,212
22,399

32,611


Gulf
ports
86,013
245,560
193,536

525,109


Great
Lakes
ports


9
9


United
States
(other),
9,405
48,634

58,039


Total
86,013
439,305
1,193,830

1,719,148


ToE.C.
Canada


Canada

44,728

44,728


To East Coast Central America
Central
Hon- America Cristobal
duras Mexico Panama (other)' C.Z.2 Total
-........ ....... ..- ---- 165 165
6,948 7 6,505 41 135,539 149,040

6,948 7 6,505 41 135,704 149,205


WEST COAST CANADA----------------....--------.........--..-- 1,435,279 42,824 170,225 .....-------. 101,583 1,749,911 2,897 ....---... -------------- ------- 410 410


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica .----.--....--------------------...........
El Salvador ........--....................----------------------...
Guatemala---------------..................-------------------
Honduras -..---------------------------------
Mexico ---------------.--------------------
Nicaragua..--------------------------------
Panama.. -------------------------------
Central America (other) ---------------------
Balboa, C.Z.2 ................................
Total Central America --.......------------------

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile-------------------------.-----------
Colombia -------------------------------
Ecuador --------------------------------
Peru ---...............------------------....-------------
South America (other)1----------------------

Total South America -----------------------.......

OCEANIA:
Australia----.---...........----------------------
British Oceania..............---------------------------.............--
French Oceania---------------- -......----------
New Zealand-------------------------------
Oceania (other)1 ...- ------------------------
Total Oceania .........----------------------.................


111,006
30,333
347
102
196,761
20,050
59,595
22,389
10,676

451,259

1,455,859
104,535
254,837
868,229
28,994

2,712,454

371,583
11,436
5,653
96,632
699

486,003


9,416
20

214
3,950
13,769
850
208

28,427

41,029
33,565
47,560
104,043
3,566

229,763

51,830

34,806

86,636


82,138
43,753
8,622
833
10,031
49,546
111,869
4,235
4,527
315,554

366,186
135,783
190,760
986,609
28,041

1,707,379

185,655

6,785


192,440


55


79




134




233

233


5,880
6,300

63,316
7,200
17,396
89

100,181

36,771
30,502
5,130
82,970
6,225

161,598

139,478
25,295

16,503

181,276


1,045

52


2



1,099

1,931




1,931


208,440
80,406
8,969
935
270,322
80,746
202,629
27,474
15,500

895,421

1,899,845
304,385
498,287
2,058,969
66,826

4,828,312

788,377
36,731
5,653
154 ,726
699
986,186


5,094


35

5,129

70,788

125
42,483
2,685

116,081


17,118

17,118


39,831




39,831


13




13


778



779


50


50


3,071
10,766
201
964
2,003

17,005

212,412

22,072

234,484


255
40
34
465
666
822

446
11

2,739

2,909
48
9
423
166
3,555

5,106

1,505
30
6,642


1,355
40
34
517
5,852
822
2
446
46

9,114

75,628
826
135
43,139
2,851

122,579

19,545

1,505
30
21,081


14,439 --- -----




14,439 -----...- -.......






ASIA:
British EasrT Indies---.................----------------.--.---..... 59,897 2,542 39,744 13,994 14,562 130,739 3,428 ....... 9,033 .....-- 4 1,309 10,346
China-------... ----------------- -------------------- ------------------.------- ---------------------------------------.---- ------- -------
Formosa-----.......-..........--------...........-----......... 167,830 24,955 54,335 7,774 8,546 263,440 23,824 4 60 ....... 11 514 589
Hong Kong ---------------........ ------------------ 111,084 12,748 13,050 3,407 10,293 150,582 9,116 16 156 ....... 71 2,398 2,641
Indonesia ------------------------------------ 26,031 831 6,116 5,275 1,991 40,244 25 ....... ....... ..... ....-- 18 18
Japan -----------------------...........--............----- 1,707,365 290,246 1,460,571 1,006,054 326,197 4,790,433 127,678 3,953 4,620 22 3,306 25,812 37,713
North Korea--------.........-------...............--------.....------ ..------ ------- ------- --------- -------- ------- ------- ------- ------- --- ..
Philippine Islands----.....-.....----------------......-------...... 710,781 38,947 240,453 1,159 394,189 1,385,529 13,347 ......-----------.......---------......-....---..451 451
Russia ------------------------------------- --------- ------- --------- --------- -------- ---------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- -----
South Korea -----------------------... ....----...... ---.... -- 49,633 20,724 73,297 100 16,618 160,372 194 ............---- -----........ ---10 238 248
Thailand ....--. -------..--------..-------..------------. 3,010 1,906 661 500 1,040 67,117 1,236 ---....... ......--- ------.......--..... ------493 493
Asia (other) .....---------------------------------.... 151,243 27,100 50,829 28,578 31,177 288,927 28,893 153 919 ..... 198 8,191 9,461
Total Asia-...............-----------......------------------...... 3,046,874 419,999 1,939,056 1,066,841 804,613 7,277,383 207,741 4,126 14,788 22 3,600 39,424 61,960
Grand total--....--------------............----...--------... 9,235,249 840,260 4,849,763 1,123,799 1,407,290 17,456,361 506,905 11,441 150,444 9,557 4,433 188,474 364,349
PERCENT OF ATLANTIc-BOUND CAROO--........-----....... 26.24 2.39 13.78 3.19 4.00 49.60 1.44 0.03 0.43 0.03 0.01 0.54 1.04
3 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
Includes both local and transshipped cargo.









Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To West Indies


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
Uoited States:
Alaska...---------.--------.----.---- ------------- -------.
Hawaii ..- -----------.------.. ... .- .....-. _--- ..... ..........--__.--_ .----
Mainland ..... ... ...----------------- ... .....- .. ..-... ..- -..............

Total United States -... ----------------------- ..................

WEST COAST CANADA ..--.....- ...-----------.-.. -.-. -. ... ..--......- ..... .... ...... ____. _

WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica -... -- -------------- -- ---...- -... -.. -.... --- ----------------- --...
El Salvador ..----.- -----.-----........ --- --....... -.-._.- ...... .....- ............-.
Ouatemala --------------------------------------------.............. ....... ............
Honduras ---- ------------ --. ---..-.-----.- --.. .. ... ..-- .. ...
Mexico -------------------------------------------------------------------- -------.-.-...
Nicaragua ----... .-.-.--- ..--.-........ .....------...-- -- .-..
Panama---------------------- --- ---. ---------.--- --- ..--- .. .---- ....--
Central America (other)' ------. ..- --. -----
Balboa, C.Z.2 ...- ....-- ...-- ......--..........-.... .... .... .........................

Total Central America ..... ------------.----- ------------ --- ----. ---.....

WEST COAST SorTH AMERICA:
Chile--- --------------- -----.. ---...-... -................- ...................
Colombia... --.. ......... ..-- ....... .... .--. ... ........... ... .-......... .
Ecuador ..-....._.._......_ ...... ...... .......... .. ...... .... ........ ....... .....
Peru ..--.....-- --- -- ..... --. -. ...-.-.. ............ .... .
South America (other).. ---------------- ----.----------............. ......- ..... ...

Total South America .-......----- .... ----..- ...- -.....-- ....--.-.......... .... .......

OCEANIA:
Australia -------------------------------------- ------------------ --------- -.. ......
British Oceania ....- ---------------- -----.... ...... --...---. ........ .... .. .
French Oceania ...----------------------------........ ... .-- ...- ....-.... ..... _.....
New Zealand -.-------.- ----.---.---.- ----.. .. --......--.. .........
Oceania (other) -------------------------------------------------------------------------.

Total Oceania ..---------------------------- .. ---------- ...... .--


British
West
Indies Cuba
467 --------.
173,567 ....- .....

174,034 --------

33,914 --.......


Haiti &
Dominican
Republic

5,254

5,254

6,776


---------- -- -- ---------
... 138
1,526 ..------. --....
1,005 --------.- 430

194 ---- 324
156 ---------- 95

2,881 ------- 987


2,234

20,691


22,925


--- ---- 316
---------- 316


.......... 316


27,061 ..----...


31,987 ..........


--- -83


------......- 83 1,791 154 396,963 458,039


Netherland
West
Indies
309
61,302

61,611

677


Puerto
Rico

~- 220,193

220,193

108,242


---------- 793
2


606 286
--------- 1,142
---.----. 1,058
..------ 2,855
--- ----- 1,571

608 7,705


West
Indies
(other)1


4,398

4,398

613




91




91





159,806
275

160,469


396,962
91






- -
- -- -- ---


Total

776
464,714

465,490

150,222


793
2
138
1,526
2,418
1,142
1,059
3,373
1,822

12,272


1,499
2,640
4,271
191,768
40,964

241 ,142


424,023

1
34,015


33
18
8
96
311

466


1,466

4,263
10,859
40,378

56,966


1,791 154----------


59,048






ASIA:
British East Indies ...----- ..-.-- -.--- ---------- -- -----------.- ........ .. .. 187
China .--.------------------------------..---.------...---------..-----.--------------.. --------- 101,468
Formosa ------------------------------.......--....................................-----..- 1,849 -
Hong Kong----------------------------------------..........--------....................------------------------- 6,030 ..-
Indonesia .... -------------------------------------------------------- -- ---------- 4,0 1,0.9
Japan-- --------------------- --------- ---- --------................................- 40,907 11,109
North Korea -....-------------- ---------------------------------------------------------. ---------- 68,992
Philippine Islands ---.--- ------------.- 218 --- ------
lbssia----------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- 3,795
South Korea .................................................---------------------------------------- ...........---------....... 39 7,704
Thailand--..... -- --. -
Asia (other) --------------------------------------------------------------------------...... 4,589 17,066

Total Asia ------------------..--.....------.........-----------------------------------.....----------............ 53,819 290,134

Grand total--.--.-----..............-----------...-------------------------------..-.....------------- 346,621 290,134

PERCENTr op ATLANTic-BoUmND CAROO ----------------- ---------------------. .. 0.98 0.82

1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


16
79
279

23,822
888
--------^
3

575

25,662

39,078

0.12


-------- 76
....... 11,494
193 2,850
775 1,227

8,445 56,809


10 953
-- -- --9-7 ---
967 ~ 2,869

10,390 76,278

75,543 469,538

0.22 1.33


9

196
71
- 10,314





3,507

14,098

576,632

1.64


288 >
112,962 Z
5,167 >
8,382 '


68,992 0
1,106 >
83,795 Z
8,710 >
-------.
29,573

470,381 O

1,797,546 V

5.11 Z
-c








Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To Europe


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska.--------..---
Hawaii ...............
Mainland-...............
Total United States....


Belgium

151,962

151,962


East
Denmark Germany France
---......- ...... "4
26,301 3,074 150,614

26,301 3,074 150,618


Irish
Greece Republic Italy
-_--_--- ---.--- --_-_-_-_--_--

31,825 5,784 361,390

31,825 5,784 361,390


Nether-
lands

680,620

680,620


Norway Poland

15,610 1,054

15,610 1,054


Russia


Spain-
Portugal

62,492

62,492


United
Sweden Kingdom

47,891 191,297

47,891 191,297


WEST COAST CANADA...........---- 139,245 5,725 ...... 83,014 33,516 41,155 382,341 702,732 15,531 34,563 ...... 29,586 7,330 1,689,364 5,737 230,649 361,553 3,761,041


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica-.................
El Salvador -................
Guatemala .................
Honduras...........--.....-
Mexico ------
Nicaragua ---------------.
Panama -------- -...----
Central America (other), ----
Balboa, C.Z.2 -..----......

Total Central America ---.....--
WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile..-- --
Colombia ------
Ecuador ---. ---
Peru ...---..- ..-....
South America (other)' -----

Total South America....-----

OCEANIA:
Australia ------.--..- ...
British Oceania --------..---
French Oceania.--.---.---
New Zealand-------
Oceania (other)'..-- ..-------

Total Oceania-----....


471
3,212
1,709
513
44,611
4,650
2,157

57,323

88,044
3,108
133,669
126,894
28,673

380,388

9,416
1,100
12,136
25,716
299

48,667


1,049
12,973
15,040
46
22,456

3,031

54,595

1,114
1,123
480
16,343
318

19,378

3

341

344


2,681
16,250

18,931


23
29
109
41
8,007
74

1,864

10,147

65,476
14,476
5,906
457,062
9,512

552,432

9,909
25,806
636
95,192
104

131,647


1,498




1,498




7,436

7,436


5,803



5,803


240



240

508

8,670
13,475
1,121

23,774

3,486
1,668



5,154


400
2,661
2,428
835
28,915
2,734
687


38,660

63,269
2,150
102,236
383,758
10,245

561,658

5,952
26,936
84
175
5

33,152


1,114
4,072
3,211
29,057
75,664
5,431
2,335
9,885
1,276

132,045

242,097
4,584
15,691
378,372
36,721

677,465

36,815
45,528
5,890
322
5,831

94,386


94
3,001
7
190

81
----i


3,373

1,138
1,408
163
1,321
345

4,375

38,514
1,380



39,894


8,168

2,549




10,717

11,220
6
4,762
76,265
1,644

93,897

1,696




1,696


15,092
10

15,102


896



896


1,152
364
2,250
305
3,722
2,654
2,194

12,641

54,758
350
1,922
100,774
7,609
165,413


6,918



6,918


2,597
234
4,532

303
1,006
1,207

9,879

40,454
19,682
1,134
29,584
5,855

96,709

11,88S9
1,614

13,

13,504


1
515
19,834
1,655
2,633
1,555
9
1,854
4

28,060

163,805
10,643
1,510
258,568
6,166

440,692

236,513
801,359
228,051
13,101
17,905

1,296,934


West
Germany

459,549

459,549


Europe
(other)i

227,079

227,079


Total

4
2,423,752

2,423,756


1,750
36,412
6,641
19,694
12,806
12,450
2,681
15,293
1,829

109,556

133,071
41,328
361,709
421,969
54,469

1,012,546

23,751
40,813
5,934
263
5,206

75,967


5,103
13,535
7,510
3,602
13,987
6,290
707
7,681

58,415

138,747
48,363
49,956
172,233
14,527

423,826

22,325
39,078
16,437
1,533
4,600

83,973


13,660
82,269
66,265
55,755
194,SS5
59,540
5,732
45,934
3,109

527,149

1,003,701
147,221
709,036
2,524,034
179,305

4,563,297

400,274
998,899
269,168
136,643
33,951

1,838,935





ASIA:
British East Indies..-------
China---- --.-------
Formosa................-------------------
Hong Kong ----............----------
Indonesia ---------------.-
Japan --.................
North Korea .........------------....--
Philippine Islands .-------
Russia---..................---
South Korea..---------------
Thailand.----.------------
Asia (other)'--------------
Total Asia...............---------


10
3,848
397
38O

87,461
157

I5040
926
1,761

95,080


2,985
663

S8,281

966

1436
2,357

15,688


3,623

5,065



8,688


22,239

371



22,610


47,919






47,919


189 --.---
3,901 -----
2,173 -----
381 .---.

90,820 863
3,300 ----
27,687 -----
187 ------
548 -----
282 -..---
5,233 ----


1,488


16,280


134,701 863 --...----. 1,488 16,280


1,412






1,412


Grand total....-..-.......--.... 872,665 122,031 30,693 950,468 82,201 76,107 1,425,120 2,421,949 79,646 141,927 17,486 293,330 176,725 3,782,512 82,255 2,009,792 1,228,683 13,793,590

PERCENT OF ATL.-BoUI Canao 2.48 0.35 0.09 2.70 0.23 0.22 4.05 6.90 0.23 0.40 0.04 0.83 0.50 10.75 0.23 5.71 3.49 39.20
SIncludes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
SIncludes both local and transshipped cargo.


----- ------ 100
...------ ------ 4,914
2,350 ...... 125
1,527 ...... 179
- ----i i ------ --- -----
119,152 .--. 108,494
.------- ---- 500
300 ----..... 1,375
10,921 -.-.-. -----
530 .-. 365
..-------. ---- 803
2,385 33 4,670

137,165 33 121,525


1,400
2,309
207
269

61,298

5,733


2,604

73 ,837


1,699
17,957
5,915
2,736
----------
567,S30
7,423
36,218
16,544
1,583
2,464
19,043

679,412









Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To East Coast South America


To Asia (Middle East)


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska ..--.------------------
Hawaii. -----------------...---- -
Mainland.......................

Total United States -------.......

WEST COAST CANADA----------------------......


Argen-
tina


1,096

1,096


Brazil


11,362

11,362


Colom-
bia


18,149

18,149


Venezuela


127,026

127,026


781 22,610 11,712 95,276


South
America
(other)1 Total

43 43
2,SOS 160,441

2,851 160,484


Israel Lebanon


14,713 3,054

14,713 3,054


705 131,084 54,902 722


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica --..---- ..- --..... ..... --. --_____
El Salvador------------------------..........---..............
Guatemala -------------..-..----- .. ... ...
Honduras.-----------------------o..... ---.....
Mexico-------------------------------- -........
Nicaragua ---------------.- -.. ..........
Panama ----------------------- .-... -- --
Central America (other)' .------.-. ..........
Balboa, C.Z.2............. ............ ....._.. -

Total Central America --------------......-- -----.....

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile --...----------...----------------------- 3,566
Colombia-.--------------------------. 1,663
Ecuaodr ------------- ..-- ........ 218
Peru -------------...----..-_-_- 3,660
South America (other)--...- ......... ..........

Total South America...------------... 9.107

OCEANIA:
Australia ---.... ...-----------------------------
British Oceania -----. -------....-.. .... ......
French Oceania -----...- ......... .
New Zealand-------------- ---- -.....-.....
Oceania (other)1' -------------... ......

Total Oceania---------------..-..__---- ------- --.


----------


61,591


7,904
459
62
9,586
378

18,389


7,183


56

7,239


466
1,915
----------
11,242
4,601

18,224


849
1
203

24,365
1,969
779

193

28.359


3
58

3,497




3,558


852 -----
59 .----.-
203
96,636 ---.......-
1,969 -----
779

249 0 -0

100,747


3 1 - -


6
44


81


507



507
----------


10,892 300 23,128 ------..- 5,906
1,923 78 6,038 229 128
150 81 511 419 .------
29,268 2,609 56,365 2,901 81
398 1,074 6,451 .- ----- .........

42,631 4,142 92,493 3,549 6,115


287

2,381
596


3.264


7,958 8,245 -

-... .. 2,381 ..
---------- 596 -


7,958 11,222 __


Syria


49,021

49,021


Middle
East
(other)'



10,381
10,381


Total


77,169

77,169

55,624


---- --- -- 2 33

S .... ......... 507

--------- ---------- 6
.........--------- ----------.......... 44

-_-- ---.. 2 590


------ 120
18 1,622


18 1,742


5,906
357
53M
4,622


11,424



3,105


3,105


3,105


3,105





ASIA:
British East Indies --..--------------------- --------- .......... ........ 3,545 6 3,551
China ......... ----------------............................... .. ........
Formosa--------------------------...-------.................... .......... ......... ........ 42 102 144
Hong Kong ............................... 6 19 34 3 ,897 1,232 5,188
Indonesia....--- ------....-----. --- .
Japan ..-----.......-........... ......... 23,932 48,214 16,659 172,955 17,174 278,934
North Korea.--------------...-------...-- ------- -----...... ...... -....
Philippine Islands.......----------.....----...--.. ------..----... ......-------------------.. 24,710 -------- 24,710
Russia ........ ..... ........ .... ........ ... ...
South Korea....--------------------------....-----------------
Thailand-------------------------------------------------------------- -
Asia (other)'--------------------------.....-...--. ----------.. 7 2,107 5,241 4,576 11,931

Total Asia------------------------------ 23,938 48,240 18,800 210,390 23,090 324,458

Grand total---------------.........------......--------..... 34,922 162,192 74,124 506,946 42,304 820,488

PERCENT OF ATLANTic-BouSD CARGO----------- 0.10 0.46 0.21 1.44 0.12 2.33

1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated,
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


------14 -- 120





---...... --- 14 ........113
- -- 14 233

73,245 10,412 49,272

0.21 0.03 0.14


15,230

0.04


134




113

247

148,159

0.42








Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To Africa


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska--...................................................
Hawaii..............-----------------------------.. --..
Maioland.. ...........- .......-.-.- ..-........... ..

Total Uoited States ...------...............-----............


Libya

------------
14,197

14,197


Mozambique

-------.----
7,623

7,623


South
Africa

-----------
26,913

26,913


Tunisia

13,832

13,832


WEST COAST CANADA--...-...............--------------. --.. ... ......----.--. 33,641 139,234 ............

WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica .-------------------------- ---------------- --------------- ------------ 70 ............
El Salvador n ----------- ----.------------------ ------
Guatemala----- ------------ ---------.---- ------. ---- -----..-.... ....--- ..--.---
Honduras ---......-----------.........------------.---.-- ----.............------ --..............---------. --------.........- -.......---.. -............
Mexico...................---------------------------...................................--- ----------- --------- ---------- -----------
Nicaragua......................---------------------------................ ---------- ------- ---...................................
Panama ---................................-------------------------------------.............. -----------............ -------............ --------............-- ---------............--
Central America (other) --------------------------------------------- -------------- 987 ----.......
Balboa, C.Z.2 ......-..............----------------- ........ ------------ ----....... ----- -..

Total Central America.......--------.-----------------------------------..........---.....-----------. 1,057 .......----------

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile.....-....--- --------.- ------- ------ ------ --- ----
Colombia.... ---------------------------------------------- -------------------.. --- 74 ...........
Ecuador-....---------------------------- ---------- ----------------------... 696 ------------
Peru ------------------- ------....................................... ......-...... ---- 70 ----
South America (other)' ---------------------- --..-- -- .... ... .. .------- --------- ---...-...--

Total South America----------....................--------------.------- --..........----------.. ..........----------.. 840 ---............

OCEANIA:
Australia.... ------------------------------------------- --------- -------- ---. ---... .......--
British Oceania.---...--.........--------------- ---...------ -------- -----------
French Oceania----------------- ------------ ------- ..- -- -....-
New Zealand...--....................................................------.......... --...........................
Oceania (other), ------ .---------------- -------------.----- ----------- ---------- --------- -- ------......

Total Oceania--------------- ...------- -............. ...........---- ---


Africa
(other),
------------

14,071

14,071


Total

76,636

76,636


Grand
Total
86,013
440,293
4,590,310

5,116,616


23,334 196,209 6,047,39S


4,064
10,376




14,440

1,094
1,050



2,144


70

4,064
10,376

987


15,497

1,094
1,124
696
70

2,984


Percent of
total Atlantic-
bound cargo
0.25
1.25
13.04

14.54

17.18


225,170 0.64
162,776 0.47
75,642 0.21
62,797 0.18
580,996 1.65
144,219 0.41
210,256 0.60
78,258 0.22
20,726 0.06

1,560,840 4.44


3,013,872
473,357
1,213,676
4,879,931
298,400

9,879,236

1,852,876
1,035,630
277,204
352,662
34,680

3,553,052


8.56
1.35
3.44
13.87
0.85

28.07

5.27
2.94
0.79
1.00
0.10

10.10




ASIA:
British East Indies..-----.-- ..---- ...-.-.-- ----.----. --...---..
China.................-------------....-----....----------------- ----------.........
Formosa---..................................................... ............
Hong Kong---- .... ---........- ------- -------- -----------.
Indonesia.....-- ..----- ......---........... --- .-....-....
Japan....------------------------------------------------------ ---------...............................................
North Korea-..----------------------------------------- ....-..-... .
Philippine Islands--------------------------------------------- ------------..................
Russia-.... ...--.---------.. ---- ----------.-
South Korea---- -----------------.. ------------.. ..---- ........
Thailand----... .......................................--- ------...........
Asia (other)' ... --- ..........................................-

Total Asia.....--..............---------------------------.................. ............


Grand total--------------------------......................------------------.............


1,190
1,190 ---


14,197 41,264


PERCENT OF ATLANTIC-BouND CARGO ...-------------------...................---......... 0.04 0.12
1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


........ 9,532 9,532




----............- 600 .1,700
......---------- 10,132 11,322


169,234 13,832 64,121 302,648

0.48 0.04 0.18 0.86


150,051 0.43 >
130,919 0.37 Z
299,079 0.85 >
178,645 0.51 (
40,287 0.11 .
5,963,660 16.95
76,415 0.22 0
1,461,361 4.15 >
100,339 0.29 2
171,107 0.48 >
71,210 0.20 '
389,731 1.11
9,032,904 25.67 O
35,190,046 "V

100.00 Z
I-c







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific


EAST COAST UNITED S
West Coast Unitec
West Coast Canad
West Coast Centra
Balboa, C.Z._ -_
West Coast South
Chile-----
Colombia-
Ecuador--
Peru----
Other_---
Hawaii ------
Oceania ---
Australia_
New Zealand
Other----
Asia--------
British East I
China ------
Formosa--
Hong Kong-
India----
Indochina-__
Indonesia --
Japan------
Pakistan___
Philippine Is]
South Korea
South Vietna
Thailand_
Other----
Total-


[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
STATES TO:
d States -- --- 2,885 3,189 3,164 3,021
a ------- 230 155 182 36
al America _- ---- 382 320 320 306
95 129 69 51
America---- 1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655
__ 819 990 879 773
156 195 213 171
291 245 170 171
-_- 522 627 574 511
61 50 31 29
109 139 164 160
------------ ---- 1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714
---- -__ ----- 1,134 1,498 1,514 1,257
---------- _231 432 524 428
------ 53 48 21 29
28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612
ndics----------- 93 45 41 34
----- --- ------- 25
------ ------- 631 605 434 611
_--_-- _--- --- 232 158 131 184
----- ---_ ---_ 55 24 45 55
__-------------- 2 226 639 416
------_----- 213 77 21 49
__------------- 24,299 20,105 16,242 14,644
----------- 15 21 24 52
ands ---------- -- 565 484 506 432
1,115 886 801 805
S------------- 970 736 N.A. N.A.
-------- 177 158 103 96
-------------- 365 385 312 209
----------- 5,700 31,927 27,124 24,555


EAST COAST CANADA TO:
West Coast United States -
West Coast Canada ------
West Coast Central America--
West Coast South America-
Oceania -------------
Australia -------
New Zealand--
Other
Asia--- ------------
China ---------
Hong Kong -------
Japan
Philippine Islands
Russia -----
Thailand -------
Other -
Total ---------
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO:
West Coast United States-
West Coast Central America_
West Coast South America-
Balboa, C.Z.---------
Hawaii -------------


--- ---- 24 21 32 37
--- 4 13 22
------ 3 2 21
82 83 61 37
243 242 184 260
214 210 140 230
27 30 27 29
---- 2 2 17 1
670 691 399 592
----------93
17 21 16 24
527 448 320 495
----- 26 31 24 21
1 --------19
11 14 18 8
88 84 21 25
-- --- 1,022 1,043 689 969

207 6 6 16
303 93 24 34
---- 30 24 27 24
468 ------
------------ 15






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 75

Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO--
Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Oceania ---------- -------- 176 125 100 88
Australia _---------------- 144 90 75 57
New Zealand ------------- 32 35 25 31
Asia ----- ---------- 109 99 87 85
Japan------------------ 107 43 83 63
Formosa ----- -- 53 _-__ 22
Other ------------------ 2 3 4
Total ------------ 1,308 347 244 247
EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO:
West Coast United States -- ------- 1,845 2,090 2,547 2,684
West Coast Canada -------- --- 136 118 235 110
West Coast Central America 1,258 1,271 1,184 979
West Coast South America ------ 3,557 3,181 2,748 1,941
Chile 1,730 1,859 1,420 829
Colombia ----------- 224 63 310 212
Ecuador -- --- 623 506 363 340
Peru--------------- 965 742 655 540
Other -- 15 11 ---- 20
Balboa, C.Z. --------------- 588 368 290 294
Hawaii ------------------- 335 416 266 143
Oceania ------------------------------ 40 104 34 206
Australia --------------- 7 13 31 119
New Zealand 33 86 -__- 84
Other ----------------------------_____ 5 3 3
Asia -------------------------------- 1,436 1,597 1,698 1,480
Japan ----------- 1,352 1,442 1,608 1,464
South Korea ----------------------- 5 64 19
Other ---- ----------- 79 91 71 16
Total ---------------9,195 9,145 9,002 7,837
CnISTOBAL, C.Z., TO:
West Coast United States ---------------------79 18 17
West Coast Central America-- 75 41 48
West Coast South America-___ 1 21
Balboa, C.Z. --------- 3 501 406 223
Asia --------------- -___ _46 83 28
Japan ------------------------------- 46 83 28
Other territories -- 28 20 ----
Total --------------3 730 589 316
WEST INDIES TO:
West Coast United States ---------- 2,022 2,291 1,686 1,615
West Coast Canada -- --- ------ 328 411 469 425
West Coast Central America ------- 193 201 162 292
Balboa, C.Z --------------- ---------- 266 273 226 221
West Coast South America -- .--- 677 816 803 952
Chile ---------------------------- 306 318 396 596
Colombia ------------------------- 1 1 3 9
Ecuador ----------- 65 72 28 45
Peru ------------------ 282 413 364 263
Other --------------------------- 23 12 12 39
Hawaii ------------------ 480 287 176 142
Oceania ------------------------------ 3 43 44 194
Australia --- --------------- 28 40 72
French Oceania ------------------- 1 1






76 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year

WEST INDIES To-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
New Zealand -------------- 3 15 3 103
Other ----------------__---------------- 18
Asia ---------------------2,384 1,911 1,538 1,376
British East Indies 13 33 43 10
China ----------------- 196 254 151 123
HongKong ---------- -- 6 3 4
Indochina ---------- 6 74
Indonesia -- ----------- 1 2 6
Japan- ---------------- 1,994 1,493 1,168 1,122
North Korea------------- 100 61 N.A. N.A.
Philippine Islands -- -------- -- 11 12 10 13
Russia 69 40 83 98
Other ---------------1 5 4 ----
Total----- --- ---- 6,353 6,233 5,104 5,217
EUROPE TO:
West Coast United States --------- 1,031 1,068 853 882
West Coast Canada --------- -- 266 316 245 260
West Coast Central America ----- 378 369 344 376
West Coast South America 1,177 1,288 1,265 967
Chile -------------- 343 355 388 299
Colombia -------- 98 138 128 121
Ecuador- -----------146 148 113 109
Peru 448 548 533 394
Other ----------------------- 142 99 103 44
Hawaii------------------ 1 3 2 12
Oceania ------------------------- 843 827 920 903
Australia ---------- 56 33 19 26
British Oceania-- 27 28 25 33
French Oceania ------------------- 244 189 213 225
New Zealand 468 531 599 577
Other ------------------ 48 46 64 42
Asia ----------------------- ----3,439 497 87 88
Formosa --------------------- 20 5 2 1
HongKong 26 1 1 2
Japan------------- 3,306 474 77 73
North Korea 19 ------ N.A. N.A.
Russia ---------------------------- 15 --------__ 4
South Korea---------- ---- ----------- 1
Other -- 53 17 6 8
Other territories ------------------------ 2 1 11
Total ---------------7,137 4,369 3,716 3,499
AFRICA TO:
West Coast United States -------- 28 109 112 180
West Coast Canada --------- 15 23 8 12
West Coast South America ---------- 10 3 21 53
Oceania 1 39 34
Asia -------------------- 557 45 13 17
Total ----------------------- 610 181 193 296
AsIA (MIDDLE EAST) TO:
West Coast United States ------ -- 9 14 11 12
Asia --------------------------------- 22 ------ ------ 1
Other territories ---------------------- 1 3
Total -- --_--_ ----_ 32 17 11 13
Total cargo, Atlantic to Pacific ------ 61,360 53,992 46,672 42,949






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 77

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO:
East Coast United States ----------- 1,280 1,440 1,957 2,177
East Coast Canada -- ----------- 45 ------------ 12
East Coast Central America ------------ -- 14 1 2 2
Cristobal, C.Z.---------------------- --- 136 3 4 6
East Coast South America ------- 161 147 145 155
Argentina ---------------------- 1 3 12 21
Brazil ---------------------------- 12 10 22 24
Colombia --------------------- --- 18 14 19 6
Uruguay ---------------------- ------ -1 1
Venezuela ------------------------- 127 115 90 102
Other ----------------------- 3 5 1 1
West Indies --- ----------- 465 288 283 295
British West Indies __- ------ 174 33 22 33
Haiti-Dominican Republic ----------- 5 5 4 20
Netherlands West Indies ---- 61 4 4 5
Puerto Rico ------------------ 220 243 251 236
Other ---------------- 5 3 2 1
Europe ---------------------------- 2,424 2,443 2,888 2,411
Belgium ---------- --- 152 105 119 108
Denmark -__ -- ----------- 26 37 47 41
Finland ----------------------- -- 13 17 21 15
France------------------------ ---- 151 203 192 197
Greece --- ------------- 32 11 36 35
Irish Republic --- 6 11 10 11
Italy ---------------- 361 428 481 340
Netherlands ----- -- 681 656 762 725
Norway---------------- 16 47 61 29
Poland --- ----- -------- 1 32 109 15
Spain-Portugal -- ---------- 62 38 63 90
Sweden --------------- 48 63 68 63
United Kingdom --- 191 267 278 352
West Germany --------------------- 460 376 499 311
Yugoslavia ------------------------ 7 16 6 10
Other ---------------------------- 217 136 136 69
Asia (Middle East) -- ---- 77 74 61 18
Cyprus ---------------------- 11-----------
India ------------------- ------ --- 4
Israel ---------------------------- 15 22 36 8
Lebanon --------------- 3 8 4 5
Syria ---------------- 49 32 1
Other ---------------------------- 10 1 20 1
Africa -------------------- 77 112 161 97
Algeria ------------------ ---- 40
Kenya ----------------- 9 7 13 7
Egypt --------------------------------- 4 27 4
Morocco ---------------------- 21 1
Mozambique ------------ 8 6 9 13
South Africa ------------- 27 31 35 56
Tunisia --- ------------- 14 29 26 10
Other ----------------------------- 19 14 10 7
Total -------------- 4,679 4,508 5,501 5,173
WEST COAST CANADA TO:
East Coast United States----------------- 1,750 1,417 1,626 1,184
East Coast Canada 3 6 6 9
Cristobal, CZ. ---- ------------- 1







78 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
WEST COAST CANADA TO-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
East Coast South America-___ ----- 131 153 216 340
Argentina -----------.- 3 6 8
Brazil -------------- -- 23 23 14 44
Colombia --- ----- 12 2 1----
Venezuela -------------- 95 124 195 286
Other -_--------- 1 1---- 2
West Indies ------------------------- 150 131 124 122
British West Indies-- 34 31 32 28
Haiti-Dominican Republic 7 _---_ 7 1
Puerto Rico 108 96 85 91
Other ----------------- 1 4 2
Europe -------------------- 3,761 3,028 3,357 3,329
Albania ------------- ------ 23--
Belgium -------------------------- 139 100 158 109
Finland _----..--------------------- 24 1
France--------------- 83 91 90 79
Greece ---------------------------- 34 23 15 23
Irish Republic -- ------ 41 31 42 40
Italy ---------------- 382 382 280 210
Netherlands -------------- 703 513 490 292
Norway----------------- 16 16 6 1
Poland 35 26 64 82
Russia ----------------------- 53
Spain-Portugal --- -- 30 33 31 14
United Kingdom ------- 1,688 1,421 1,583 2,075
West Germany------- 231 182 366 215
Yugoslavia -- 6 27 17 13
Other --------------- 373 183 168 122
Asia (Middle East): ------------- 56 53 38 37
Israel ----------------- 55 52 37 27
Lebanon -- 1 1 1 10
Africa-------------------- 196 271 275 269
Egypt 1
Mozambique 34 24 73 39
South Africa 139 190 189 212
Tunisia -------------- --- ---___ 12
Other----------------- 22 57 13 6
Total ------ 6,047 5,059 5,642 5,291
WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO:
East Coast United States ---- 880 706 491 639
East Coast Canada ------------ 16
East Coast Central America ------- 6 18 25 88
Cristobal, C.Z --------------- 3 2 4 8
East Coast South America 101 15 17 27
West Indies ----------------- 11 12 8 11
Europe -- ---------------524 689 838 912
Belgium --------------- 57 168 29 26
Denmark 55 39 25 25
France---------------- 10 26 40 25
Italy ------------------ 39 65 64 36
Netherlands------------------------ 131 103 72 57
Poland ----------------- 11 -.--- 263 509
Spain-Portugal -------- ---- 13 25 54 22
Turkey -- --------------- 8 14-------






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO-
Continued
United Kingdom ---------------
West Germany--------------------
Other ---- ----------------
Africa---- --- -------------------
Egypt ------------------------
Morocco ----------------------
Senegal -----------------------
Other ----------------------
Other territories --- ----------
Total --------------
WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO:
East Coast United States------------
East Coast Canada ----- ---------
East Coast Central America -- _----
Cristobal, C.Z.-------------------
East Coast South America --------
Argentina -----------------
Brazil --- -----------------
Colombia __----_--_--------- ---
Venezuela __--- --------------
Other -.----------------
West Indies --------- ------
British West Indies-------------
Cuba ------------------ ----
Netherlands West Indies _-. -----
Puerto Rico----------- -----
Other-----------------------
Europe------------------- --
Belgium__. --- --
Bulgaria---------------- ------
Denmark- ------------- --
East Germany -- ----------
Finland__ ----------------
France --- -------
Greece ---------- ----
Irish Republic --------------
Italy ----------------
Netherlands --
Norway-----------------------
Poland-------------------
Rumania ---------------
Russia ------.........----------
Spain-Portugal ------------
Sweden----------------
United Kingdom--------- ----
West Germany
Yugoslavia ----------------
Other -------- ---------------
Asia (Middle East)--- ------
India --------------
Israel --
Lebanon ----- ---------
Other ---------
Africa --__
Total-------------------- -


1968
28
108
64
15
2
8
5
1
1,541

4,828
17
119
4
93
9
18
18
43
5
241
23

57
161
4,563
380
9
19
19
43
552
7
23
562
678
4
94

15
165
97
441
1,013
69
373
11
4


Fiscal year
1967 1966
9 36
166 187
74 68
1 325
309

1 13
------ -

6 ---
1,465 1,708


5,702
78
71
5
68
1
1
31
35
92
29
1
62

4,406
452
13
23
48
20
429
10
533
771
6
62
1
154
84
405
981
57
357
29
24
3


5,762
91
67
6
49


21
28
35



35

5,380
630
11
34
48
22
316
27
8
483
1,200
13
96

243
85
392
1,456
57
259
11
8

3


11,401


6 ---
1 2
3 ----
9,879 10,451


1965
32
159
21






1,685

6,169
103
43
6
42


18
23
1
33

5
1
27

6,186
542
5
59
24
12
463
6
8
359
1,730
6
75
6

207
102
517
1,722
68
275
28
17
2
8
1

12,610







80 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
BALBOA, C.Z., TO: 1968 1967 1966 1965
East Coast United States---------- 16 2 10 25
East Coast South America---------------- -------- 2 3
Europe ------------------------------- 3 1 2 --
Other territories ------------- --- 2 5 16 ------
Total -------------- 21 8 30 28
HAWAII TO:
East Coast United States --------- 439 385 502 465
East Coast Canada -------------------- ---- 2 4
Europe ------------------------------- 49 29 27
Netherlands ------------ -- 3 5 2
United Kingdom ------------35---- -----
West Germany ---------------- 6 9 7
Other --------------------------- ------ 5 15 18
Other territories -------- -----1 --- ___ 1 3
Total ---------- 440 434 534 499
OCEANIA TO:
East Coast United States 986 1,026 879 721
East Coast Canada ---------------------- 234 291 206 201
East Coast Central America 14 12 12 15
Cristobal, C.Z. -------------------------- 7 7 3 4
East Coast South America----- ---- 11 10 8 12
West Indies------------------- 458 191 77 72
British West Indies-- --------------- 59 149 57 67
Netherlands West Indies -------- 2 1 4 2
Other --- ------------------- 397 41 16 3
Europe ----------------------------- 1,836 1,258 1,335 1,476
Belgium -- ----------------- 49 21 31 27
France--------------------- 132 77 94 80
Netherlands-------- ----- 94 42 34 26
United Kingdom ----------- 1,294 1,004 1,070 1,195
West Germany -- ------- 76 50 44 51
Other ---------- 191 64 62 97
Other territories ----------- ------ 6 --- --- ----
Total ------- ---- 3,552 2,795 2,520 2,501
ASIA TO:
East Coast United States -- ----- 7,277 6,368 6,604 4,928
East Coast Canada ----------- 208 222 232 147
East Coast Central America---- 23 36 25 19
Cristobal, C.Z. -------------- 39 37 38 35
East Coast South America --------- 324 351 318 369
Argentina-------------- 24 21 29 41
Brazil -------------------------- 48 50 50 38
Colombia --------------------- 19 46 45 62
Netherlands Guiana --------- 12 5 12 4
Venezuela--------------- 210 225 178 202
Other ------------------ 11 4 4 22
West Indies 470 279 309 210
British West Indies ---------- 54 37 29 25
Cuba ---------------- 290 152 153 122
Haiti-Dominican Republic-------- 26 22 15 16
Netherlands West Indies 10 10 23 9
Puerto Rico -------------- 76 53 78 38
Other ---------------- 14 5 11






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 61


Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


AsIA To-Continued
Europe ---------------------- --
Belgium --------------
East Germany--------------
Italy-------------- -----------
Netherlands__-------------
United Kingdom -----
West Germany -- -------
Other--------------- -----
Africa ------------
Other territories--------------
Total----------------

Total cargo, Pacific to Atlantic _-- --


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965


179
19
5
102
24
19
10
10
7,482

32,202


164
20
2
77
19
16
30
6

7,696

35,032


679
95
9
48
135
137
122
133
11

9,031

35,190


127
8

60
28
13
18
2

5,837

33,624






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Caustic soda
Chemicals, unclassified-
Petroleum chemicals---------------
Benzene ---------------
Toluene ------- -------
Other and unclassified
Manufactures of iron and steel-- -
Angles, shapes, and sections ------
Plates, sheets, and coils-
Tubes, pipes, and fittings
NWire, bars, and rods -
Other and unclassified--- -----
Minerals, miscellaneous__ -----
Soda and sodium compounds .-----
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash --______
Ammonium compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified
Phosphate----------------
Ores and metals ___
Ores --------------
Alumina/bauxite ---------
Metals ---------------
Iron -------- -- --
Other and unclassified -- __- ____
Petroleum and products -----
Asphalt --
Diesel oil --_ ----------
Fuel oil, residual ----__--______
Gasoline -----------
Jet fuel ---------------
Kerosene --------------
Lubricating oil---------------
Other and unclassified--- -----
Miscellaneous -_--


Cement -------------
All other and unclassified ..-----


Total--------------------
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CANADA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals----
Caustic soda ----------
Chemicals, unclassified. --------


Grains-----------------
Rice ------.-------
Minerals, miscellaneous-------
Soda and sodium compounds-
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash_-
Phosphate ------
Ores and metals ---
Ore, alumina/bauxite ---
Miscellaneous ___-- ---- --


1968
334
63
135
136
11
7
118
767
112
234
40
33
348
8
8
105

11
94
298
287
287
11
7
4
1,306

53)

802
56
109
244
42
67

67
2,885


32
27
5


4
_. 4
----- 161
----- 161
------- 33
33


Fiscal year


1967
330
N.A.
140
190
N.A.
N.A.
190
802
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
97


97
266
263
263
3

3
1,290

) )
) 27)
647
N.A.
319
271
26
404
40
364
3,189


1966
309
N.A.
148
161
N.A.
N.A.
161
753
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
101
13


1965
264
N.A.
137
127
N.A.
N.A.
127
609
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
74


88 74
286 243
285 217
285 217
1 26
----- 25
1 1
1,287 1,544
16----


)
57)
481
N.A.
363
274
96
428
68
360
3,164


61
830
N.A.
295
272
86
287
27
260
3,021


- - -- -
N.A. N.A. N.A.

S 7 5
_ 7 5
N.C. N.C. N.C.
N.C. N.C. N.C.
137 166 28
137 166 28
18--------
18 -


. . . 9 3


---






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAS-
CANADA-Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued
All other and unclassified


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
--_ __ 9 3


Total -- ----------- -- 230 155 182 36
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods ---------- 5 9 7 15
Canned foods, miscellaneous ----- 5 9 7 15
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals.----- 30 19 31 16
Chemicals, unclassified---- ---- 18 18 29 14
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous __ 10 1 2 2
Other and unclassified 2
Grains --------------- 94 50 35 33
Corn ---------------- 6 6 11 16
Rice ------------------ 6 17 17 6
Wheat ---------------------------- 80 27 7 11
Other and unclassified ----- 2 --
Lumber and products miscellaneous 2 7 9. 3


Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous ___ 11 7 8 7
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous ----- ------ 8 10 18 13
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------ 8 2 --
Sulfur ---------------------------- ___ 8 2 -
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------- 91 75 84 89
Ammonium compounds--------- 4 2 24 10
Fertilizers, unclassified 43 19 16 18
Phosphate---------------- 34 39 34 56


Potash ---------------------------- 7 15 10 5
Other and unclassified---- 3 --
Ores and metals-- 7 8 4 7
Metals ------------------------ 7 8 4 7
Scrap ----------- 4 5 1 5
Other and unclassified 3 3 3 2
Petroleum and products -- 13 12 12 16
Lubricating oil----------- 6 7 8 11
Other and unclassified 7 5 4 5
Miscellaneous -------------------- 121 115 117 107
Flour, wheat------------------ ----- 3 3 8 5
Glass and glassware ---------- 2 2 5 2
Paper and paper products .--- -- 60 53 55 55
All other and unclassified 56 57 49 45
Total ------------------- -- 382 320 320 306


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SouTH AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods --- ______ 22 10 33 52
Canned foods ----------- 19 8 26 46
Milk-------------------------- 12 3 19 27
Other and unclassified ----------- 7 5 7 19
Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ..-- 3 2 7 6
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals -------- 46 60 55 49
Caustic soda ----------------------- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals,unclassificd ---------- 30 58 49 48
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-- 8 2 6 1






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST


Si


Fiscal year


OUTH AMERICA-Continued 19GS 1967 1966 1965
Coal and coke ----- ____________ 185 171 154 176
Grains -------------------------------- 542 703 491 371
Corn 86 36 31 16
Oats ------------------------------ 6 3
Rice ------------------------------ 8 57 21 46
Soybeans -------------------------______ __------ 1 7 4
Wheat ---------------- 435 604 431 293
Other and unclassified-_____ 7 2 1 12
Lumber and products__------- 22 8 10 13
Pulpwood _------------ 20 5 5 10
Other and unclassified -----------__ 2 3 5 3
Machinery and equipment---------- 161 205 188 157
Agricultural machinery and implements- 34 19 24 20
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts ---------____-- -- 61 76 62 47
Construction machinery and equipment- 27 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus 16 13 16 14
Other and unclassified ------ -- 23 97 86 76
Manufactures of iron and steel---. -- -- 74 65 123 77
Angles, shapes, and sections .------ 15 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Nails, tacks, and spikes_ -. 4 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Plates, sheets, and coils 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings 20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Wire, bars, and rods ----------------- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified ---------------- 17 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------ 19 33 31 32
Soda and sodium compounds --.-------- 3 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur ---------------- 13 30 28 29
Other and unclassified --------- 3 3 3 3
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash .- ______ 230 220 172 160
Ammonium compounds- 21 13 14 17
Fertilizers, unclassified 24 28 11 12
Phosphate------------------------ 163 159 136 116
Potash ---------------------------- 21 18 11 15
Other and unclassified --------------- 1 2---- ----
Ores and metals -------------- 36 50 80 61
Ores, miscellaneous ----------- 15 6 5 4
Metals ---------------------------- 21 44 75 57
Scrap --------------- 1 21 36 41
Tin, including tinplate ----------- 12 15 15 10
Other and unclassified -- ----- 8 8 24 6
Petroleum and products _--__-- 65 86 75 75
Asphalt -------------------- 2 3 11 9
Gasoline --------------- 5 8 1 ----
Lubricating oil ------------- 54 66 52 60
Other and unclassified --------------- 4 9 11 6
Miscellaneous -------------------------- 447 496 455 432
Bricks and tile --------------------- 7 8 10 15
Carbon black ------------- 5 6 9 9
Clay, fire and china ---------- 10 9 9 8
Flour, wheat -------------------- 106 147 94 89
Glass and glassware ---------- 5 5 6 4
Groceries, miscellaneous---- --- 9 6 3 4
Marble and stone--- --------- 12 12 21 23






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 81


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued


[Thousands of long tons]
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
rSOUTH AMxEniCA-C ntiniued


Mis


Fiscal year


cellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Oil, vegetable --------------- 9 20 18 40
Paper and paper products ------- 124 96 63 56
Resin ------------ 14 9 9 10
Rubber, manufactured 15 14 20 15
Tallow ---------------------------- 25 22 23 19
Tobacco and manufactures ----- 5 6 4 2
Wax, paraffin----- -------- 15 15 18 16
All other and unclassified ----------- 86 121 148 122
Total ---------------- 1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO BAI
Canned and refrigerated foods_
Canned foods, miscellaneo
Refrigerated foods, miscel
Grains-----------
Wheat ----------
Petroleum and products ---
Diesel oil --------
Fuel oil, residual-
Other and unclassified-
Miscellaneous -_____--
Flour, wheat------
Oil, vegetable __--
All other and unclassified-
Total ---------
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO HA
Canned and refrigerated foods.
Canned foods, miscellany


LBOA, C.Z.:
----.----- 7 5 4 2
us------ 1 1 1 -----
laneous _--- 6 4 3 2
--- -- 24 59 27 23
--- 24 59 27 23
---- 18 19 2 2
------ ) ) )
17) 18) 1)----
1 1 1 2
-------- 46 45 36 24
6 1 2
---- 7 5 5
------- 33 40 30 22
95 128 69 51
WAII:
- ------- 2 3 4 4
)us _----- 1 2 3 3


Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous---.. 1 1 1 1
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ---- 3 4 2 2
Chemicals, unclassified---- 3 4 2 2
Grains, miscellaneous ------------------- 3 2 8
Machinery and equipment -- 11 15 14 10
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts --------------------------- 6 4 4 3
Electrical machinery and apparatus 2 3 3 2
Other and unclassified -------- 3 8 7 5
Manufactures of iron and steel -- ---- 22 21 29 25
Angles, shapes, and sections----- 5 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings----- 7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified --------------- 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash _-_-____ 18 21 27 24
Phosphate -- 17 19 26 22
Other and unclassified -------- 1 2 1 2
Ores and metals 17 30 34 36
Metal, tin, including tinplate ------ 17 30 34 36
Miscellaneous----------------- -- 34 43 54 51
Liquors and wines -. 2 2 3 3
Paper and paper products ------------ 1 2 2 1
Textiles --------------------------- 1 2 2 1
All other and unclassified ------------ 30 37 47 46
Total -------------------110 139 164 160


_ h






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA: 1968 1967 1966 1965
Chemicals and petroleiun chemicals.. ___ 141 108 101 68
Caustic soda ------------- 82 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals, unclassified ____- 51 104 86 61
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ___ 8 4 15 7
Coal and coke __.__.__ 3 13 13 6
Grains ---- ----------43 30 53 16
Rice------------------------ 12 11 9 7
Soybeans ._____ __ 31 19 44 9
Lumber and products ._____ 8 9 7 9
Pulpwood --------__---_ 4 7 4 7
Other and unclassified ---- ---- 4 2 3 2
Machinery and equipment -_.... _____ 128 130 131 142
Agricultural machinery and
implements _-____ ____.._.__._..._ 27 19 26 32
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts- ____ ___ 49 46 42 42
Construction machinery and equipment 14 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus .- 5 4 6 5
Other and unclassified _--_ _--- 33 61 57 63
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous ------------------____ ___ 26 26 25 26
Nitrates, phosphates and potash --- --- 546 921 1,072 757
Ammonium compounds 16 17 33 5
Fertilizers, unclassified 5 6 1 12
Phosphate---------- 503 878 1,007 720
Potash --__------------- 22 20 31 20
Minerals, miscellaneous 195 308 300 260
Soda and sodium compounds ----- 8 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur--- -.------- 183 303 299 258
Other and unclassified 4 5 1 2
Ores and metals 6 10 14 62
Ores 3 6 9 48
Alumina/bauxite -----------.. ----------------- 5 41
Other and unclassified 3 6 4 7
Metals, miscellaneous 3 4 5 14
Other agricultural commodities ----------- 7 20 14 22
Beans, edible---- ---------- 3 5 3 4
Cotton, raw--------- --- 4 3 11 18
Sugar------ ---------- 12 -----
Petroleum and products .... 55 60 61 94
Lubricating oil ----------------42 48 54 83
Other and unclassified --- 13 12 10 11
Miscellaneous ---------------- 260 343 265 252
Ammunition and explosives 7 13 3 2
Bricks and tile 4 3 4 6
Carbon black ----------------------- 5 4 4 4
Clay, fire and china 48 31 34 30
Floor coverings- 5 5 4 4
Flour, wheat ---_----------- 1 5 1 -
Glass and glassware ----------------- 9 9 8 8
Nuts, edible ---------------- 1 6 1
Oil, vegetable ------------ 5 9 11 11
Paper and paper products ------- 32 28 26 23
Resin ------------------------ 19 15 21 18






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA-
Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued
Rubber, manufactured-------- -..
Tobacco and manufactures
Wax, paraffin --_--- ---
All other and unclassified -- -----
Total -- -----
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA:


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
17 16 14 13
12 14 12 11
6 7 9 6
90 183 108 115
1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714


Canned and refrigerated foods .--------- 58 69 90 109
Canned foods ---------- 40 57 76 90
Milk ----------- 19 26 55 67
Other and unclassified 21 31 21 23
Refrigerated foods 18 12 14 19
Meat ----------------- 14 10 11 9
Other and unclassified 4 2 3 10
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals --- 421 427 325 361
Caustic soda --- --------- 6 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals, unclassified ------------ 251 381 248 283
Petroleum chemicals__-------- 164 46 77 78
Benzene ------------ 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Cyclohexane------- ---- 23 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Toulene ----------- ---- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified 123 46 77 78
Coal and coke 12,082 8,883 6,720 6,280
Grains -----------------------__ ------- 7,418 5,603 5,635 4,380
Barley ------------------ 1 ----------- 10
Corn ------------- 2,736 2,601 2,646 2,189
Oats ---------------------------- 8 3------ ---
Rice -------------------- 769 89 70 83
Sorghum ------ ---- 1,123 504 520 208
Soybeans 2,421 1,870 1,972 1,515
Wheat 325 510 333 304
Other and unclassified -- -- 35 26 94 71
Lumber and products ---- 93 96 67 69
Boards and planks -------7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Pulpwood -------- -- 78 76 50 60
Other and unclassified ------------ 8 20 17 9
Machinery and equipment 227 200 168 161
Agricultural machinery and implements- 19 5 7 7
Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and
parts __---- __------ __ 88 68 51 47
Construction machinery and equipment 39 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus-..- 30 22 15 15
Other and unclassified-----.- 51 105 95 92
Manufactures of iron and steel 130 233 143 134
Angles, shapes, and sections.-- --- 20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Plates, sheets, and coils _---_ 27 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------- 15 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Wire, bars, and rods --------. ---- 17 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified ----------- 51 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------ 82 124 66 71
Soda and sodium compounds.----- 8 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur --------------------------- 69 121 62 67
Other and unclassified --------------- 5 3 4 4






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year

EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO AsiA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash --- -- 2,971 2,207 2,221 2,165
Ammonium compounds 22 5 60 77
Fertilizers, unclassified 116 101 55 79
Fishmeal -------------------------- 2 1 1 5
Phosphate --------------- 2,825 2,098 2,101 1,997
Potash ----------------- 6 2 4 7
Ores and metals----------------------- 2,732 3,422 1,544 2,020
Ores, miscellaneous -------- 11 27 35 7
Metals ---------- --- 2,721 3,395 1,509 2,013
Iron -------------------------- 20 10 6 13
Scrap ------------ 2,607 3,288 1,405 1,910
Tin, including tinplate 67 59 78 67
Other and unclassified ----------- 27 38 20 23
Other agricultural commodities ------- 622 525 390 366
Beans, edible__-__-- 47 12 14 11
Cocoa and cacao beans -- ---------- 4 6 13 9
Cotton, raw ____ 531 473 332 316
Oilseeds---------------- 10 4 3 2
Skins and hides -_- 27 21 17 19
Other and unclassified ------- 3 9 11 9
Petroleum and products ----------- 696 598 521 472
Asphalt ---------------------------- 5 17 13 15
Crude oil 4 ------ 1
Diesel oil -------------------------- 15) ) )
Fuel oil, residual -------- 1) 11) 1)--
Gasoline ---------------- 14 11 27 31
Kerosene---------------- 2 6 __ 1
Lubricating oil----------- 486 514 419 381
Petroleum coke-- ---------- 121 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified --------- 48 39 60 44
Miscellaneous------------------- 1,200 1,523 1,409 1,024
Ammunition and explosives -- -- 16 53 10 9
Beer ----------------------------1 6
Bricks and tile -- 6 5 3 5
Carbon, black------- ------ 15 14 8 10
Cement ---------------3 12 3 7
Clay, fire and china --------- 97 78 51 54
Fibers, plant ---- 7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Flour, wheat --- ------175 70 142 107
Class and glassware --------- 6 6 5 6
Groceries, miscellaneous _-_ 22 14 11 9
Oil, vegetable -------- --- 43 33 19 41
Paper and paper products---------- 90 67 49 66
Pharmaceutical products _- ----- 2 6 4 6
Rags and waste ----------- 5 6 9 7
Railroad materials -----__ ___ 7 1 1
Resin ---------------------- 126 417 427 180
Rubber, manufactured-- ------ 50 44 38 53
Tallow ------------ 59 27 30 33
Textiles--------------------- 25 49 21 19
Tobacco and manufactures ----------- 53 53 48 37
Wax, paraffin ------------ 11 16 11 5
All other and unclassified ------ -- 389 545 513 369
Total ------------ 28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 8S


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] .


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Minerals, miscellaneous ---
Asbestos -------------
Ores and metals ------------
Ores, miscellaneous
Metal, iron-------- -------
M miscellaneous -------------------------
Paper and paper products --------
All other and unclassified-
Total ---
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
CANADA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ------
Chemicals, unclassified --------
Ores and metals------------
Ore, alumina/bauxite ---------
Miscellaneous------- ______
All other and unclassified ------ --
Total---------------
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Miscellaneous--------------- ---
All other and unclassified -------
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Chemicals, unclassified ------------
Lumber and products -----------------
Pulpwood---------------
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous -________-__ -. --.
Minerals, miscellaneous -. ..-----
Asbestos ---------------
Ores and metals --------...----
Ores, miscellaneous -----------
Metals---- --------------
Tin, including tinplate --
Other and unclassified-
Miscellaneous --------_--
Paper and products ---- ----
All other and unclassified-
Total----------------
EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Chemicals, unclassified ---
Lumber and products -------------
Pulpwood--------------
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment --..-----
Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and
parts _------------
Other and unclassified --------------


Fiscal year


1968 1967
13 8
13 8
5 13
13
5 --
6 - -
3 ----
3
24 21


1966 1965
10 7
10 7
22 18
22 18

11
------ ------

11
32 36


4 11 4
4 11 4


--- __-- --2
----- ------ -
2-
2
--- -- 4 13


3
3


2
2


2 1
2 1
5
S 5


12
12
13
1
12
8
4
54
33
21
81

10
10
2
1
1
21


4
11
11
7
7

1
6
55
37
18
83

22
22
3
2
1
14


14 5
7 9


16
16
2
2
22


1 20
1 20


1L --- -
1
1 1
1 1

7 1
10 9
10 9
6 4

6 4
2
4 4
36 22
21 9
15 13
61 _37

15 22
15 22
8 5
7 4
1 1
11 17

7 13
4 4







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA-
Continued
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous____________
Minerals, miscellaneous -.--. _._-..._ --
Asbestos --____----__--- _____ -
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash _-- ----
Ammonium compounds -------.--
Ores and metals -__- _____-_
Metals-----------------------__
Tin, including Tinplate ___----
Other and unclassified --__---
Miscellaneous -________ __ -
Paper and paper products ----- --
All other and unclassified
Total _-_____-


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods --. ---- -
Canned foods, miscellaneous ----- -


Chei


Crai


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965


10
24
24
5
5
20
20
11
9
150
116
34
242

6
3


9
23
23


12
12
4
8
159
131
28
242


Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ---- 3 1
micals and petroleum chemicals -------- 6 6
Chemicals, unclassified. ___-.---- 6 4
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ------__ 2
ns __-_--------_------- 36 213
Corn -------- _-___--- __-- 5
Soybeans ------__ 36 80
Wheat -------------------------------- 127


Other and unclassified-----
Lumber and products --_____ .--_
Pulpwood___ ----- --
Other and unclassified ----
Minerals, miscellaneous .. .......
Asbestos -_____ __ ___-
Ores and metals.. ------__--- .
Ores, miscellaneous ----- .
Metals-_____________ -
Scrap-- _____---
Other ----__
Other agricultural commodities --
Skins and hides
Miscellaneous .----- _-----
Paper and paper products ---


-..- -- 10
9
1
----- 116
116
...- 354
.--- 194
160
139
21
3
3
.---- 139
..--- 106


Resin------ ------- 4
Ruber, manufactured ----- --- 5
Slag ---------___- __--
All other and unclassified ----- 24
Total ------------- 670
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Petroleum and products .... 207
Diesel oil ------------ 5)
Fuel oil, residual --- -------
Gasoline ----_____________-- __ 42


1
2
2

112
112
221
108
113
100
13
4
4
116
70
5
7
10
24
691


8
23
23


5
5
1
4
114
79
35
184


10
23
23


20
20
14
6
163
114
49
260


17 1 1
16 1 1


11
9
2
95
3
91


7
5
2
140
14
121


1 -5
1 3
1 3

65 86
65 86
123 218
108 55
15 163
9 145
6 18
6 4
6 4
97 133
51 66
3 9
4 6
21 35
18 17
399 592


84 24 32
) )
- ---) -----) 24
58 18 8






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES-Continued
Petroleum and products-Continued
Jet fuel -------
Kerosene -------------
Miscellaneous -----------
All other and unclassified -- -
Total ----------------


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
140 26 6 --
____ ______ ____ 1
------207 84 24 33
207 _84 __24 __33


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous-
Petroleum and products ------ ----.
Diesel oil -----------
Fuel oil, residual -----------
Gasoline -
Kerosene ---- --------
Other and unclassified-- -------
Minerals, miscellaneous-
Sulfur
Miscellaneous----------------- ____


Railroad materials------
All other and unclassified-
Total ______________


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous --- -----
Minerals, miscellaneous -----
Soda and sodium compounds-
Sulfur -------
Miscellaneous
Resin --------
All other and unclassified -
Total ----------------- --
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO BALBOA, C.Z.:
Petroleum and products ..- __ __-_- _
Diesel oil-
Fuel oil, residual -----------
Gasoline ------------
Kerosene -----.. --------
Total-------------
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO OCEANIA:
Minerals, miscellaneous ----- ------
Salt -------------------
Sulfur ---------------- --
Other agricultural commodities
Sugar ----------- ------
Miscellaneous ---- -- ------
All other and unclassified -------
Total -


2 3
288 150
77) )
146) 96)
56 48
6 6
3
5 6
5 6
7 8
3
7 5
302 167



10 7
2 5
2 N.C.
5
19 12

19 12
31 24


46 72

24) 45
19 20
3 7
5 5

5 5
9 5

9 5
60 82


12
5
N.C.
5
10
2
8
27


5

N.C.

19
1
18
24


471 499 405 221


81)
275)
113
2
471

174

174


2
2
176


)
420)
55
24
499

113
6
107
12
12


125


)
355) 180
45 36
5 5
405 221


99

99

1
1
100


88

88




88




Full Text

PAGE 1

ULAWf PANAMA CANAL COMPANY CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT ANNUAL REPORT FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968

PAGE 3

PANAMA CANAL COMPANY Balboa Heights, C.Z. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT To THE STOCKHOLDER OF THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY: It is my pleasure to present this review of another outstanding year of Canal operations-a year marked by intense demands on the capabilities of the entire staff. Surging demand for Canal services, given added impulse by Vietnam and the Suez closure and characterized by increasing transits of larger, specialized vessels, has tended to re-emphasize the need for planned increases in Canal capacity. Studies to this end were well under way by the end of the fiscal year. These Canal capacity studies are aimed at rational improvements in capacity programmed to ease restrictions when and where needed on the basis of the greatest benefit at least cost. Though not completed, the study is sufficiently well along to have outlined a number of areas susceptible to improvement and programs to that end are being analyzed as to their technical and economic feasibility. The essential goal now, as in the past, is a Canal capable of meeting continuing challenge efficiently. W. P. LEBER, President.

PAGE 5

CONTENTS PANAMA CANAL COMPANY INTRODUCTION Page ORGANIZATION CHART Faces page 1 THE CANAL 1 ORGANIZATION 1 TOLLS RATES 2 BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS 3 HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS 4 CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC TRAFFIC 7 COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES 9 TRENDS 12 CHAPTER 1I-CANAL OPERATIONS TRANSIT OPERATIONS 13 MAINTENANCE 15 CANAL PROJECTS 15 CHAPTER III-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS EMPLOYEE SERVICES 19 TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES 19 HOUSING 21 CHAPTER IV-PERSONNEL FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY 25 TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS 27 CHAPTER V-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports NARRATIVE STATEMENT 29 Financial Results ....29 Equity of the U.S. Government ...29 III

PAGE 6

CONTENTS Financial Tables Page TABLE 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Condition .30 Notes pertaining to financial statements ...30 TABLE 2.-Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses ...33 TABLE 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the U.S. Government .33 TABLE 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds ..34 TABLE 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses .34 TABLE 6.-Transit Operations-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses ...........35 TABLE 7.-Supporting Services-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses ..........36 TABLE 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses ....37 TABLE 9.-Inventories .....38 TABLE 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets .40 Shipping Statistics TABLE 11.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal, Fiscal Years 1958-1968 42 TABLE 12.-Traffic by Months, Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967 ..43 TABLE 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel .....44 TABLE 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic by Type of Vessel 46 TABLE 15.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel ...48 TABLE 16.-Frequency of Transits of Vessels Through Panama Canal .50 TABLE 17.-Segregation of Transits by Registered Gross Tonnage ..52 TABLE 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped through Canal ...54 TABLE 19.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal From Atlantic to Pacific Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas .......58 TABLE 20.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal From Pacific to Atlantic Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas .........64 TABLE 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific ..74 TABLE 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic ..77 TABLE 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes, Atlantic to Pacific .....82 TABLE 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes, Pacific to Atlantic ........105 TV

PAGE 7

CONTENTS Other Statistics Page TABLE 25.-Water Supply and Usage ....124 TABLE 26.-Dredging Operations ........124 'FABLE 27.-Electric Power Generated ...125 V

PAGE 8

CONTENTS CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT Page LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 127 ORGANIZATION CHART ..128 INTRODUCTION .129 CHAPTER I-GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES Health .131 Education 133 Police and Fire Protection ...134 Miscellaneous Activities ...137 CHAPTER I-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports NARRATIVE STATEMENT ..139 Invested Capital ......140 Capital Expenditures .140 Financial Results ....141 TABLE 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Condition ..140 TABLE 2.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the U.S. Government ..142 TABLE 3.-Statement of Operations ....143 TABLE 4.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets 144 CHAPTER III-STATISTICAL TABLES TABLE 5.-Hospital Occupancy ....145 TABLE 6.-School Enrollment .....146 TABLE 7.Police Statistics .......146 TABLE 8.-Fire Division Statistics ....146 ,FABLE 9.-Postal Service Statistics ......147 TABLE 10.-Customs Activities ........147 Area of the Canal Zone .........147 VI

PAGE 9

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2009 with funding from University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportpana1968pana

PAGE 10

PANAMA CANAL COMPANY PRESIDENT DOF DEC STOCKHOLDER COPR E P STENT SSTANLEY R. RESOR. SEC'Y OF ARMY STOCK14OLDER E U GENERAL OFFICERS BOARD OF DIRECTORS CHAIRMAN OF BOARD ON DAVID E. McGIFFERT UNDER SEC'Y OF ARMY PREIDNTPRESIDENT WALTER P LEBER COMPTROLLER r PEI SECRETARY MAJ. GENERAL, U.S. ARMY RESPONSIBILITIES AS SET VICE PE SILENT RESPONSIBILITIES AS SET VICE PRESIDENT H.R. PARFITT FORTH UNDER ARTICLE V FORTH UNDER ARTICLE V COLONEL, U. S. ARMY SECTION 5, PANAMA CANAL SECTION 6, PANAMA CANAL SECRETARY, W. MERRILL WHITMAN I COPANYBYLWS CMPAY BYAWSCOMPTROLLER PHILIP L. STEERS, JR, EXECUTIVE PERSONNEL OFFICE OF PANAMA CANAL SAFETY 'OFFICE OF EXEC. ASST PLANNING STAFF BUREAU GENERAL COUNSEL INFORMATION OFFICE BRANCH TO THE PRESIDENT CHIEF DIRECTOR GENERAL COUNSEL INFORMATION OFFICER CHIEF EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT LONG RANGE PLANNING EMPLOYEE UTILIZATION AND LITIGATION PUBLIC RELATIONS ACTIVITIES DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION ADVISOR AND LIAISON OFFICER IN CAPITAL BUDGET DEVELOPMENT LEGAL REVIEW PUBLICATIONS OF ACCIDENT PREVENTION THE FORMULATION OF POLICIES MANAGEMENT STUDIES 8 SURVEYS EMPLOYEEMANAGEMENT RELATIONS LEGISLATION PRESS SERVICES PROGRAM EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT CAAL TRAFFIC STATISTICS EMPLOYMIENTS AND PLACEMENTS ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS SUPERVISION AND PROMOTION OF COMMUNITY RELATIONS LIAISON ECONOMIC STUDIES WAGE AND SALARY ADMINISTRATION PROCEEDINGS CANAL ZONE GUIDE SERVirE SAFETY MEASURES COORDINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE ANNUAL AND MONTHLY REPORTS CIVIL SERVICE LIAISON SERVICES AND PROCEDURES COORDINATION OF CIVIC COUNCIL CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE INCLUDING GENERAL SUPERPROGRAMS VISION BY ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES DIVISION MARINE ENGINEERING AND SUPPLY AND TRANSPORTATION BUREAU CONSTRUCTION COMMUNITY SERVICE AND TERMINALS BUREAU BUREAU BUREAU DIRECTOR DIRECTOR DIRECTOR DIRECTOR CANAL NAVIGATION DESIGN, CONSTR. a INSPEC PROCUREMENT TERMINALS, PIERS AND DOCK$S MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS, STOREHOUSES MARINE BUNKERING PORT OPERATION STRUCTURES 5 UTILITIES EMPLOYEE SALES MOTOR TRANSPORTATION LOCKS OPERATION 8 MAINTENANCE t STREETS, ROADS a SEWERS EMPLOYEE QUARTERS PANAMA RAILROAD SHIP REPAIR PUBLIC UTILITY OPERATIONS BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS WATER TRANSPORTATION BOARD OF LOCAL INSPECTORS SURVEYS AND MAPPING t CEMETERIES ADMEASUREMENT METEOROLOGY & HYDROGRAPHY GUEST HOUSE BOARDING PARTIES CHANNEL MAINTENANCE Includes government property t Governmental functions t Governmental functions JUNE 30,1968

PAGE 11

INTRODUCTION THE CANAL The Panama Canal is a lock-type canal approximately 51 miles long from deep water to deep water. The minimum width in the dredged channel is 50 feet with the exception of approximately one and one-half miles in Gaillard Cut which are currently being widened from the previous minimum of 300 feet and which will be completed in 1969. Navigable channel depth varies according to the amount of water available in Canal water storage areas. The normal range of permissible transit draft is from 37 feet to 40 feet with current Company planning aiming at future minimum levels of 39 feet year around. Vessels transiting the Canal are raised in three steps to the level of Gatun Lake, the principal source of Canal water, then lowered to sea level again in three steps. The three sets of Canal locks are paired which permits simultaneous lockage of two vessels in the same direction or of two vessels passing in opposite directions. Since August of 1914, the official date of its opening, the Panama Canal has served world trade virtually without interruption. Through this fiscal year a total of 403,230 vessels of all types have transited with 321,457 or 79.7 percent of the total being of the ocean-going commercial class. The additional role of the Canal in the service of the national interest during years of war and strife from World War I through Vietnam is well documented and incontestable. ORGANIZATION The Panama Canal Company is under the direction of a Board of Directors appointed by the Secretary of the Army in his capacity as "Stockholder" and representative of the President of the United States. Management is by a career force comparable in selection and status to all personnel under U.S. civil service as well as by military personnel (including the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor and a number of other ranking positions) assigned to the organization. The basic mission of the Company is the efficient operation and maintenance of the Panama Canal as well as the conduct of business-type activities incident to operations of the Canal and of the Canal Zone Government. The Company and the Canal Zone Government, the independent agency of the United States charged with the civil government of the Canal Zone, are closely related in mission, organization and operations. Their combined function is the administration of the Panama Canal enterprise as a whole. The Governor of the Canal Zone, as appointed by the President of the United 1

PAGE 12

2 INTRODUCTION States, is responsible for the administration of the Canal Zone Government, under the supervision of the Secretary of the Army, and is ex officio a Director and President of the Company. The Panama Canal Company is expected to: (a) recover all costs of operation of its facilities, including depreciation, (b) pay interest to the U.S. Treasury on the net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the Company, and (c) reimburse the Treasury for annuity payments to the Republic of Panama under the convention of 1903 as modified by the treaty of 1936 between the two governments. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay into the U.S. Treasury the net costs of the Canal Zone Government, including depreciation. Annually the Board of Directors is required to determine the Company's working capital requirements together with anticipated expenditures for authorized replacement and expansion of facilities. Funds in excess of the required amounts aire to be returned to the Treasury as repayment of capital. Funds other than working balances are carried with the U.S. Treasury. Company activities are classified as transit operations or supporting services. Transit operations cover functions directly related to the waterway, the transiting of ships, and to services to shipping including channel maintenance and locks operation. Supporting services include vessel repairs, harbor terminal operations, the railroad, the Company supply ship, motor transportation facilities, storehouses, an electric power system, communication system, a water system, and many other services essential to employee welfare such as retail stores, restaurants, and quarters. TOLLS RATE The rates of Canal tolls remained unchanged during the year. Tolls rates are as follows: (a) On merchant vessels, Army and Navy transports, tankers, hospital ships, supply ships, and yachts when carrying passengers or cargo: 90 cents per net vessel-ton of 100 cubic feet of actual earning capacity. Such tonnage is determined in accordance with the "Rules for the Measurement of Vessels for the Panama Canal;" (b) On such vessels in ballast, without passengers or cargo: 72 cents per net vessel-ton; (c) On other floating craft: 50 cents per ton of displacement. Tolls charges are at the same level as set on March 1, 1938. They are lower than those charged prior to that date.

PAGE 13

PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 3 BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS Board of Directors Hon. STANLEY R. RESOR, Stockholder Secretary of the Army Hon. DAVID E. McGIFFERT, Chairman of the Board Under Secretary of the Army Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER, U.S. Army Governor of the Canal Zone Hon. DONALD G. AGGER, Department of Transportation STEPHEN AILES, Steptoe and Johnson Dr. JOHN C. ELAC, Institute for Latin American Integration Hon. J. K. MANSFIELD, Department of State ROBERT C. MITCHELL, First Federal Savings and Loan Association Hon. COVEY T. OLIVER, Department of State HOWARD C. PETERSEN, Fidelity Philadelphia Trust Company Dr. CHARLES J. ZINN, Law Revision Counsel, Committee on the judiciary, House of Representatives. General Officers Hon. DAVID E. McGIFFERT, Chairman of the Board Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER, USA, President Col. H. R. PARFITT, USA, Vice President PHILIP L. STEERS, Jr., Comptroller W. M. WHITMAN, Secretary

PAGE 14

4 INTRODUCTION COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS Fiscal year Oceangoing transits: 1968 1967 Commercial ---------------------------------13,199 12,412 Government ---------------------------------1,504 879 Free --------------------------------------104 94 Total ------------------------------------14,807 13,385 Daily Average -----------------------------40.5 36.7 Small transits: Commercial ---------------------------------571 570 Government ---------------------------------121 101 Free--------------------------------------12 14 Total -------------------------------------704 685 Total cargo: Commercial -,--------------------------------558,522 86,207,511 Government ---------------------------------8,497,265 6,147,565 Free ---------------------------------------482,531 642,882 Total ------------------------------105,538,318 92,997,958 Total tolls and tolls credits: Commercial----------------------------$83,943,461 $76,804,031 Government ---------------------------------9,211,220 5,492,625 Total ----------------------------------$93,154,681 $82,296,656 Number of full-time Company employees (as of June 30): Non-U.S. citizen ----------------------------9,800 9,431 U.S. citizen --------------------------------2,489 2,626* Total Company employees -------------------12,289 12,057 *Includes 120 SS Cristobal employees classified as full-time in 1967 and considered to be intermittent employees for force ceiling purposes in 1968.

PAGE 15

144 z T1 eh 4 4 The U.S. Battleship "New Jersey" prepares to enter the first chamber southbound at Gatun Locks on the Atlantic side. c

PAGE 17

Chapter I CANAL TRAFFIC TRAFFIC Panama Canal traffic rose dramatically during fiscal year 1968 to exceed all previous records. Two dominant forces, the Vietnam war and the Suez closure, have had a significant effect on all aspects of Canal traffic: transits, cargo transited, and tolls. Total oceangoing transists were 14,807, 10.6 percent above last year's 13,385. Of the total, 13,199 were commercial transits, 1,504 were U.S. Government and 104 were free Colombian and repair transits. Comparable figures for fiscal 1967 were: commercial 12,412, U.S. Government 879, and free 94 transits. Total transits of small vessels, which do not play an impotrtant role in Canal traffic, were 704 compared to 685 in 1967. A total of 105,538,318 long tons of cargo passed through the Canal in 1968, exceeding the 1967 level by 12,540,360 tons for an increase of 13.5 percent. Cargo carried in oceangoing vessels was 96,550,165 long tons commercial, 8,497,221 tons U.S. Government and some 482,483 long tons by the free category. The most impressive gain was a 38 percent increase in U.S. Government cargo transited from the 6,147,479 long tons of 1967 followed by the 12 percent gain in commercial from the 86,193,430 of the prior year. Cargo carried by free Colombian and repair transits declined from 642,882 long tons by 25 percent. Total cargo carried by small vessels transiting the Canal was negligible. Total tolls and tolls credits also increased significantly (as did Panama Canal net measurement tons, the basis for tolls) to $93,154,681 compared to $82,296,638 in 1967 for a 13.2 percent increase. Oceangoing commercial tolls were up $7,138,457 to $83,907,062; Government tolls credits rose by $3,722,249 to $9,206,815. Tolls and tolls credits for small craft were $39,772. A tabulation of the four principal features of oceangoing traffic for the past 3 years is shown below: Fiscal year 1968 1967 1966 Number of oceangoing transits ----------14,807 13,385 12,601 Panama Canal net measurement tons and reconstructed displacement tonnage-_ 107,950,650 95,354,709 83,401,495 Cargo (long tons) _------------------105,529,869 92,983,791 85,302,330 Total tolls and tolls credits ------------$93,113,877 $82,253,172 $72,541,348 Vietnam has affected traffic directly and indirectly. The direct impact is 7

PAGE 18

8 CANAL TRAFFIC PRINCIPAL COMMODITY GROUPS TRANSITING THE CANAL OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO Chart A FY 1968 PERCENT OF TOTAL CARGO PETROLEUM a PRODUCTS 18.39 %/ COAL a COKE 13.66% ORES a METALS 13.45% GRAINS 10.21% NITRATES, PHOSPHATES 8 POTASH 8.37% MISC. AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES 8.11% LUMBER B PRODUCTS 6.25 % MANUFACTURES OF IRON a STEEL 6.20% CANNED B REFRIGERATED FOODS 3.93% MISC. MINERALS 2.07% CHEMICALS a PETROCHEMICALS 1.80% MACHINERY B EQUIPMENT 1.62% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Is 20 (MILLIONS OF LONG TONS)

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 9 immediately noticeable in the sharp rise in Government traffic which, preVietnam, averaged something less than 300 transits, 1.4 million tons of cargo and $1.6 million tolls credits annually. Another indication of the magnitude of Vietnam is gained by comparing the 1,504 Government transits of 1968 to the 1,064 such transits at the peak of the Korean War. It is also significant that vessels were, on average, 16 percent smaller during the Korean war period. While sharply rising Government traffic directly reflects the heightened level of involvement in Vietnam, increased oceangoing commercial traffic is also indirectly a result of it. Offshore purchases by the Department of Defense, military personnel and U.S. industrial spending in the Pacific basin has tended to stimulate the economies of a number of countries that are important to the Canal, principally Japan. The second upward force on Canal traffic, the closure of the Suez Canal, has affected both commercial and Government traffic. The impact of Suez, which closed just prior to the beginning of the fiscal year and which to date has not been reopened, was felt during the entire year and continues to be an active force in Canal traffic. Principally affected have been vessels normally plying the route from various eastern European, Mediterranean and Black Sea ports to the Far East which are now re-routing via the longer Panama Canal route. In addition, U.S. Government vessels which previously transited Suez to Vietnam have now been added to the Panama traffic pattern. COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES A number of commodity groups have maintained relatively stable levels of importance to Canal traffic in recent years, Chart A, page 8 shows the groups as they stood in 1968 in descending order of importance. The groups shown accounted for 94 percent of total oceangoing commercial cargo in 1968 and 92 percent in 1967. All commodity groups increased in volume in 1968 with the exception of chemicals and petro chemicals which remained virtually unchanged. The most significant change occurred in shipments of coal and coke which rose sharply from 9.4 million long tons in 1967 to 13.2 million tons in 1968. Coal movements which represent 99 percent of the total commodity group were virtually all (98 percent) destined for Japan as coking coal for use by the Japanese steel industry. Significant in the increase was some 752,000 long tons of coal out of Baltic Poland and Black Sea Russian ports to Japanshipments which would normally have been routed via the shorter Suez route. Though the commodity group ores and metals showed only modest improvement as a group, up 6.7 percent from the prior year, the individual commodities comprising the group underwent some sharp changes. Greatly reduced shipments of scrap metal to Japan, reflecting a decrease in imports of scrap for the steelmaking process, were more than offset by major movements of pig iron from European and Soviet ports to Japan re-routing through Panama because of Suez. In 1967, the last month of which was affected by Suez, some 351,000 long tons of iron metal moved along the Panama Canal route while in 1968, 1.6 million tons were transited. The exact amount accruing to the Panama Canal because of Suez can only be estimated, but

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Chart B RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF CARGO MOVEMENTS TO AND FROM THE FAR EAST AND TO AND FROM JAPAN OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO FY 1947-1968 TOTAL CARGO 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1947 '59 60 61 62 63 64 65 '66 67 68

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 11 at least 1 million tons would appear to be a conservative estimate. Also in the commodity group, reduced copper shipments were similarly offset by increased movement of bauxite from Australia to the U.S. Virgin Islands. Iron ore and pellets from the West Coast of South America to Europe and the United States continued the downward trend as shipments dropped to 3.1 million tons from 3.9 million tons in 1967; such shipments represented 97 percent of total iron ore and pellets in 1967 and virtually 100 percent in 1968. Still the number one commodity group in Canal traffic, petroleum and products rose 5.7 percent to 17.6 million long tons in 1968 from the 16.8 million tons in 1967. Crude oil shipments, which represented 30 percent of the group, increased in 1968 by 11.6 percent with most of the increase accruing in Venezuelan shipments to Ecuador and Peru which served to offset declining cwrude shipments from Venezuela to the West Coast of the United States. Other commodities within the group such as kerosene and jet fuel and diesel and fuel oil were up moderately while gasoline shipments declined by some 250,000 tons reflecting Department of the Interior restrictions on imports from Puerto Rico to the West Coast of the United States which took effect about the middle of 1968. One salient characteristic of 1968 commodity movements has been the continuation of the trend toward extreme concentration of shipments to specific areas and countries of the world. As Chart B, page 10 indicates Asia is now responsible for approximately 48 percent of cargo through the Canal on the basis of origin and destination. Further, a single country Japan, continued its rise in the ranks of Canal customers to a level of 39 percent of total oceangoing commercial cargo on the same basis. In part Vietnam and Suez have accounted for the extremely sharp rise of 1968, but a review of Chart B and the data from 1947 indicates the continuous upward trend. Nine major trade routes in Canal traffic are shown in tabular form in the following table with a comparison of their importance in 1967 and 1968. Two routes showing the sharpest rise in cargo movement, East Coast United StatesAsia and West Indies-Asia, further demonstrate the tendency of the traffic to the Far East. A third sharply rising route Europe-Oceania would appear to be at least partially due to the Suez closure as European shipments to Australia, the bulk of which nonnally go via the Suez route, shifted to Panama.

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12 CANAL TRAFFIC MAJOR TRADE ROUTES IN CANAL TRAFFIC Fiscal year (in thousands of tons) Percent increase or 1968 1967 (decrease) Panama Panama Panama Canal Long Canal Long Canal Long net tons net tons net tons Trade route tons cargo tons cargo tons cargo East Coast United States-Asia __---------------------------30,249 34,691 25,085 29,742 20.6 16.6 Europe-West Coast United States, Hawaii, and Canada.---------7,870 7,481 7,321 6,916 7.5 8.2 East Coast United States-West Coast South America -----------8,382 6,778 9,680 7,867 (13.4) (13.8) Europe-West Coast South America ------------------------7,603 5,901 7,425 5,754 2.4 2.6 U.S. Intercoastal (including Alaska and Hawaii)--------------4,306 4,678 5,065 5,273 (15.0) (11.3) South America Intercoastal. __------------------------------2,812 3,498 2,144 3,163 31.2 10.6 WestIndies-Asia ._ ..-------------------------------------2,166 2,618 2,022 2,001 7.1 30.8 Europe-Oceania _ .__.--------------------------------------3,524 2,752 3,075 2,184 14.6 26.0 Europe-Asia _---_.----------------------------------------3,582 4,642 1,030 1,075 247.8 331.8 Subtotal.-. .-------------------------------------70,494 73,039 62,847 63,975 12.2 14.2 All other routes _-------------------------------------------25,994 23,511 25,419 22,218 10.2 5.8 Total _-_._----------------------------------------96,488 96,550 88,266 86,193 9.3 12.0 TRENDS The high traffic level of 1968, and to a lesser degree the levels of 1966 and 1967, was largely a reflection of one or both of two unrelated political events and was only in part influenced by economic secular trends. Concurrent with any -effective settlement of the conflict in either or both of the problem areas, Vietnam and Suez, will be a beginning of lowering demand for Canal services generated by the conflicts. The timing, depth and sequence of reductions in such demand will be dictated by the nature and timing of the settlement. If, as anticipated, settlements are achieved in both Vietnam and Suez within the next several years there should be a significant short-term drop in cargo transited and a leveling out effect on tolls and transits until longer term growth again offsets the temporary decline. Neither tolls nor transits will drop in proportion to the reduced cargo volume since excess shipping capacity should result in about the same number of ships carrying less cargo. This lower load factor combining with the somewhat larger ships expected to ply the Canal routes should serve to stabilize tolls over the recovery from any reduction of Vietnam activity and the re-opening of Suez. Over the long term all studies show nothing but growth in most aspects of Canal traffic.

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Chapter II CANAL OPERATIONS Canal operations may be grouped according to basic functions as transit operations, maintenance, and special projects. These functions are not mutually exclusive and are the responsibility of several bureaus within the Canal agency. TRANSIT OPERATIONS Transit operations during fiscal 1968 involved the largest number of oceangoing vessels ever handled through the Panama Canal. Not only did the 14,807 transits represent an increase of 10.6 percent over 1967 traffic, but the transiting ships were, on average, some 2.3 percent larger as measured in Panama Canal net tons. Ship beam size provides another basic indicator of transit workload. In 1968, 1,593 transiting ships were in the 80 foot and over beam class compared to 1,309 in 1967, and 260 vessels were 100 foot beam and over versus 232 in 1967. In addition, more large vessels transited at deeper draft than ever before with 1,160 ships drawing 34 or more feet while only 900 such deep draft transits were registered in 1967. The basic significance of larger, beamier, deeper draft ships transiting in greater number is the increased handling time necessary as well as the higher levels of coordination of operations and personnel skills required. Large, deeply laden vessels require nore tugboat assistance, are more difficult to con through the Canal, take longer and require more careful handling approaching the locks and locking through, and always present a greater handling risk sometimes compounded by the type of cargo carried such as highly volatile aviation gasoline. During 1968 large ship transits were made somewhat more difficult because of continuing excavation in the remaining narrow reaches of Gaillard Cut. A new record in daily transits was established in February 1968 when 65 oceangoing vessels transited in a 24-hour period, reflecting the working off of a backlog of ships awaiting transit due to the Shozan Maru incident discussed below. In addition, a new sustained high traffic level was set during April 21 through the 29 when 428 oceangoing ships transited for a daily average of 47.6 transits, as heavier than usual workloads coincided with routine locks overhaul creating a temporary backlog. Time spent by vessels in Canal Zone waters, excluding time spent for their own account, was an average of 18 hours per transit compared to the 14-hour average during 1967. The number of ships spending more than 24 hours in Canal Zone waters reached 3,110 or 21 percent of the total. 13

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14 CANAL OPERATIONS C Cl TC t:. xe PC 44 PC &AM-

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 15 Two major accidents occurred in 1968 one of which could have had very serious consequences if it had not been handled rapidly and efficaciously. On February 25, the Shozan Maru laden with iron ore sheered and struck the east bank in Gaillard Cut holing the vessel and causing it to sink in the Cut channel. Though damage to the Shozan Maru was serious, the possible consequences to world shipping of a Canal closed to transit for any length of time far outweighed the immediate damage to the ship. That the channel was closed only 18 hours and 20 minutes is a genuine tribute to the capabilities of the work force of the Panama Canal which succeeded in refloating the vessel using air pumped into the hull and removing it from the Cut. A second accident which did not affect Canal traffic occurred when the Oriana struck the bank in Bohio reach causing damage and delay losses in excess of $1 million. MAINTENANCE The Panama Canal, now in its second half century of operation, has required constant maintenance, design improvements and structural up-grading without which the-Canal could not have fulfilled its task over the years. Such basically routine functions as channel dredging, maintenance of channel markers and locks overhauls were accomplished in 1968 with the same high level of competence as in past years. Approximately 1.5 million cubic yards of earth and rock were dredged from the Canal channel, the Pacific and Atlantic entrances and from various harbor areas in regular maintenance dredging programs. In addition, considerable dredging was completed under special programs and some emergency removal became necessary during the year because of material moving into the channel due to construction blasting. Some 2,500 navigational aids located in the channel and its approaches were in service and were maintained during 1968. The total includes the electrically operated fluorescent luminaries which comprise the Gaillard Cut lighting system and the Gatun and Miraflores locks approach lighting. The magnitude of the job can be appreciated when it is recalled that the fully marked Canal channel from breakwater to breakwater is over 50 miles long. The methods used for Locks Maintenance, a vital part of maintaining an efficient Canal, have been constantly improved over the years. The overhaul of Gatun Locks during the 1968 dry season utilized a system in use since 1961 marking the last year in which that particular system will be used. The overhaul was accomplished in four stages, each requiring approximately 20 days of lane outage causing a moderate backlog of ships waiting to transit. Future major overhauls will reduce lane outage time to 6 days or less which, in view of ever rising transits will be not only desirable but necessary to continued efficient performance. It is easy to slide over or dismiss maintenance as "routine" especially when more dramatic aspects of Canal operations are considered, but it is well to remember that the net value of the Panama Canal Company property, plant and equipment is almost $500 million, and that maintenance and improvement of fixed plant are the backbone of the organization. CANAL PROJECTS All Canal improvements projects are designed to either enhance capacity or safety or both. Current studies to improve the Canal were begun in 1967

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'7 Gatun Locks overhaul proceeds with business as usual. Shown are the floating crane "Hercules" placing a locks gate while the SS "Zoella 9 Lykes" prepares to lock down. CZ

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 1' as an extension of previous studies and continued through the fiscal year jus past. Considerable time and effort were expended during the year running Canal capacity studies at the three locks sites, feeding the data into computer. for simulation tests and selecting, testing, accepting or rejecting a variety o proposals for improvement. Though studies are not yet complete a number of promising areas for real improvement have been outlined as possibl< future projects. One project currently under way and scheduled for completion in 1969 ithe widening of Gaillard Cut to a full 500 feet along its entire length. Thi: project, a result of prior studies, is only one and one half miles from completion and when completed will provide a decidedly safer channel than before. A potentially dangerous situation developed during 1968 which require( immediate emergency action. During April a pattern of large ground crack extending 1,200 feet along the slope of the Canal on the west side of Culebn reach in Gaillard Cut were discovered. An immediate full scale investigation was initiated in order to determine the geologic structure of the mass i motion, its cubic magnitude, and the rate of surface motion. Field inspection showed that to a lesser degree the cracks extended 2,800 feet farther norti for a total distance of 4,000 feet involving most of the west bank of Culebr. reach. An extensive surface and subsurface field monitoring system was pu into action and the adjacent channel was put under 24-hour surveillance Lime slurry was placed in cracks at strategic locations, diversion ditches wer dug, and sandbag revetments were put in rock areas in order to divert rainfal from the cracks. Action taken during 1968 was essentially of an emergenc: nature while any permanent changes such as grading back would have ti await the 1969 dry season.

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The "Nelson C. White," a relatively new Canal customer, navigates the narrow Bas Obispo reach while Cut widening operations are under way. n

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Chapter III SUPPORTING OPERATIONS Panama Canal support operations are in the long run as vital to the smooth working of the organization as any of the other activities within the agency. In most cases support operations perform a dual role as direct backup to Company/Government operations and indirectly via the provision of employee services which ultimately redound to the organization's benefit. For convenience of discussion the operations are grouped under: Employee Services, Transportation and Public Utilities, and Housing. EMPLOYEE SERVICES Employee services include the provision of retail stores, service centers, theatres, and various other recreational facilities. The retail stores in the Canal Zone are combination stores operated by the Panama Canal Company and are located in all major Canal Zone communities. Various supplies for home and personal use are stocked including food items, clothing, furniture, and other products such as would be found in similar retail outlets in the United States. With some exceptions prices during the year were maintained roughly on a par with prices of a private retail chain located in New Orleans, the site of Panama Canal Company procurement. In 1968 total marketing operations grossed approximately $26.8 million, or $1.8 million over the previous year. Though the Canal Zone population has been relatively stable over the years and total sales at retail have reflected this stability, some growth has occurred and wage increases of recent years have resulted in higher sales as employees have upgraded their purchases. An additional and considerable part of the increase has, of course, been the result of inflation keyed to U.S. price increases as well as autonomous Canal Zone increases designed to cover higher wage costs. Prices of food items rose some 3 percent, apparel approximately 5.5 percent, personal care items some 4 percent, and all items rose approximately 7 percent during the year. TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES The operations of harbor terminals, the railroad, and motor and water transportation facilities are managed by the Transportation and Terminals Bureau. Basically, terminals operations involve the handling of general cargo and petroleum shipments for the Canal Zone, the Republic of Panama, and in 19

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20 SUPPORTING OPERATIONS and out shipments that are dropped at the piers for transshipment. The cargo tonnage workload handled, transferred, and stevedored during 1968 declined some 86,000 tons to 2,361,000 from 2,447,000 tons in 1967. The decline was primarily due to the competition of a private Panamanian stevedoring firm which began its operation in May of 1967, and secondarily to the diversion of some roll-on roll-off cargo to Las Minas Bay, Panama, since handling facilities for this type of cargo do not exist in the Canal Zone. Marine bunkering operations increased substantially in 1968 over the prior year with 61.5 million barrels passing through Panama Canal Company facilities this year versus 48.3 million previously. The increase is largely due to higher Canal traffic, high ocean freight rates and the convenience and apparent price attractiveness of bunkering in the Canal area when transiting. All bunker fuel sold is by private firms with the only return to the Panama Canal Company being for the use of storage and handling facilities. Operations of the Panama Railroad reached new highs during 1968 as freight tonnage of 209,414 tons and passenger travel of 836,192 travelers exceeded the previous year by 6 and 13 percent respectively. The increased number of passengers carried is especially noteworthy as it was the first time in over 25 years that more than 800,000 persons traveled on the railroad during any single year. The freight load of 209,414 tons was also a record breaker. It has been over two decades since the railroad carried more than 200,000 tons of freight, the last time being just prior to the opening of the competitive Trans-Isthmian Highway to full commercial use. Motor Transportation comprises a vehicle fleet of 720 and consolidated repair shops and garages on both sides of the Isthmus. In addition, the franchised public bus transportation system operating in the Canal Zone is supervised by the Motor Transportation Division. Total vehicle mileage by the fleet was 8.7 million miles in 1968 as compared to 7.7 million in 1967. Transportation services income, including cost transfers, increased to $2.7 million from $2.5 million in the previous year. Vehicle use includes: the transportation of Company/Government employees on official business, the moving of heavy construction equipment to on site locations, the hauling of petroleum products for power generation, and the bussing of school children. The Panama Canal also owns and operates an oceangoing steamship, the SS Cristobal, which operates as a combination passenger-cargo vessel between the Canal Zone port of Cristobal and New Orleans. The vessel makes a scheduled 27 round trip voyages annually. Passengers carried in 1968 were up slightly to 6,200 from the 6,100 of 1967. Freight carried declined by 2 percent during the year, while operating expenses increased substantially in 1968 reflecting increased New Orleans handling costs as well as increased crew wages and benefits. These costs were partially offset by increased freight rates, but the over-all operating deficit was still $107,000 compared to $162,000 in 1967 of which $89,000 was a special non-recurring item. Public utilities services are provided by a number of Canal Company organizations not only to the Company/Government and their employees and dependents, but to the military and other Government agencies, private organizations and firms, and others in the Canal Zone. The system is interconnected with a private power system in the Republic of Panama and some power is interchanged.

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 21 Electric power requirements increased in 1968, as they have in all recent years. The peak load reached during the year was 95,400 kilowatts compared to the previous high of 92,100 kilowatts during 1967. Total gross power generated by Company hydroelectric and thermal generating units and purchases of power from commercial and military sources totaled 622,252,800 kilowatt hours during the year. In order to temporarily ease the power shortage problem, the Company leased late in 1968 the floating nuclear power plant Sturgis which will add 10 megawatts to plant. A partial, longer-term solution will be the construction by the Military of a 33-megawatt plant at the Miraflores plant site to meet added military requirements, and another possible long-term solution is to be offered by the construction of a power plant in the Republic of Panama for partial use by the Company/ Government on a contract basis. This installation will, in conjunction with the military plant, provide sufficient extra capacity to meet emergency demands as well as day-to-day operational demands. With the assistance of private consulting engineers, specifications were prepared and bids invited during 1968 for the replacement of the Balboa and Pedro Miguel telephone exchanges. A complete new telephone system for the entire Canal Zone was considered, but only the most critically needed segments of the system will be replaced at this time. The new exchanges should be in operation during 1970. Filtered water production increased during the year to meet the additional demand from the Republic of Panama as well as the Canal Zone. It is now estimated that plant capacity will be reached during 1969 and the Government of Panama has been so advised and is taking the steps necessary to alleviate the problem. A 56 million gallon per day plant is being planned to serve Panama City and surrounding areas, using the Madden reservoir as a source of raw water. HOUSING The provision of adequate housing has been a chronic problem in the Canal Zone. A brief study made by representatives of the Federal Housing Administration in 1968 at Company request confirmed that at least 862 U.S. housing units, or approximately one third of the total, are ". ..undesirable or substandard as compared to what an American family in a similar income group would prefer, if acting intelligently and well informed in a free rental market." The average age of Company U.S. citizen housing is approximately 25 years with no new houses having been built in the last 5 years. Though age per se is not an indication of quality, a large part of Company housing was built of wood in a tropical environment not suitable to wood frame construction, built during the Depression or World War II according to the restrictive standards of those two hardship periods, and in many cases was built along construction camp lines for supposedly temporary use. Inadequate housing is now deemed to be a basic reason for many U.S. hire employees leaving the Company/Government after expiration of the initial 2 year contract. The high turnover rate especially applies to the professional category individual. Data covering U.S. citizen family housing is shown in the table below:

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to Pre World War H housing as shown above still represents a considerable portion of U.S. citizen Company/Government housing. Zm

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 23 U.S. CITIZEN FAMILY HOUSING June 30, 1968 June 30, 1967 Total family units----------------------------2,506 2,507 Occupied ---------------------------------2,418 2,404 Vacant -----------------------------------88 103 Families in bachelor units ----------------------100 82 Vacancy factor -------------------------------3.5 4.1 Family in leased apartments in R. P. ---------------34 33

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Chapter IV PERSONNEL' The Personnel Bureau of the Panama Canal Company administers and manages a variety of functions for, in 1968, 16,094 employees of the Company and the Canal Zone Government. Its functions are performed within the framework of laws, executive orders, and regulations applicable to Federal employees generally, together with applicable provisions of the Canal Zone code and regulations of the President of the United States and the Secretary of the Army relating to employees of Government agencies in the Canal Zone, and the bylaws of the Panama Canal Company. FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY The total civilian force of the Company/Government in the Canal Zone as of June 30, 1968, was 15,893 as compared to 15,282 as of the same date in 1967; the increase of 611 persons represents an approximate 4 percent gain. In addition to the Canal Zone force there were 157 employees in the United States (4 in Washington, 29 in New Orleans, and 124 officers and crew of the SS Cristobal), 10 in the Republic of Panama and 34 military employees located in the Canal Zone not included in the figures above. The work force of the Company/Government organization in the Canal Zone is composed of 74 percent Non-U.S. citizens (predominantly Panamanian) and 26 percent U.S. citizens. A comparative tabulation of the Company/Government full-time force is shown below by citizenship and by wage base: Fiscal Year 1968 Fiscal Year 1967 U.S. Non-U.S. U.S. Non-U.S. Citizen Citizen Citizen Citizen U.S. Wage Base: Panama Canal Company--------2,251 948 2,401 891 Canal Zone Government-------1,504 478 1,363 434 3,755 1,426 3,764 1,325 Canal Zone Wage Base: Panama Canal Company-------238 8,852 225 8,540 Canal Zone Government-------54 1,046 137 1,057 292 9,898 362 9,597 Total Full-time Force --------4,047 11,324 4,126 10,922 1 Includes both Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government personnel. 25

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CHART C PER CENT OF U. S. WAGE BASE POSITIONS OCCUPIED BY U. S. AND NONU.S. CITIZENS 1959 -1968 100 U S 90 90 NON-U S 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 U. S. 3,468 3,597 3,600 3,694 3,606 3,625 3,644 3,645 3,731 3,673 NON-U.S. 234 359 505 730 828 908 1,017 1,251 1,388 1,460 0 TOTAL. 3,702 3,956 4,105 4,424 4,434 4,533 4,661 4,896 5,1 19 5,133 z z Data as of Dec. 31st each year -Full-tlime employees only

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 27 Rates of pay are established on a Canal Zone wage base for occupational categories which can be filled by recruitment on the Isthmus and on a U.S. wage base for those positions which would normally be filled by recruitment from the United States. Up until the mid 1950's only citizens of the United States were eligible for employment in executive, supervisory, professional, subprofessional, and clerical positions. Since that time, however, progress has been made in employing non-U.S. citizens, primarily Panamanian, in positions of responsibility and at a higher U.S. rate of pay. In addition, rates of pay to non-U.S. citizens on the Canal Zone wage base have recently tended to increase at a faster rate than that of U.S. citizens. TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS There are a number of Company training and employment programs designed, to improve the organization's hiring position. In 1968, as in all recent prior years, U.S. recruitment of qualified employees has been severely handicapped. Housing which is a prerequisite to States hiring is, and has been, inadequate for a number of years. Further, high levels of employment in the States coupled with reduced financial incentives to work in the Canal Zone, have reduced the U.S. employee pool available to the Canal. Increasingly the Company has turned to the Panamanian labor market for its skilled employee needs, and accordingly major emphasis throughout 1968 continued to be centered on increased utilization of locally available applicants, particularly citizens of the Republic of Panama, both through emphasis on direct recruitment and on special training programs. Of special significance have been the Floating Equipment Training Programs which were authorized in April of 1968 in order to utilize locally available U.S. and non-U.S. citizen in-service personnel for filling of floating equipment positions of tugboat masters and mates and dredge mates and engineers. Of 42 screened applicants for the positions 14 were non-U.S. citizens. Another important activity has been the work of the Special Placement Branch established to aid in the search for and placement of qualified Panamanians in positions of responsibility in the Company/Government. Considerable progress was made in this area during 1968 as is shown in Chart C, page 26, showing the increasing number of Panamanian citizens in U.S. wage base positions in terms of percent of the total number of U.S. wage positions in the Company/Government. The basic idea is to locate and employ professional and subprofessional persons at the U.S. wage base in order to substitute local hire for U.S. recruitnrent. To help smooth the way for easier entry to Company/Government jobs at all levels the number of "security" positions required for continuity of operations was reduced in many occupational categories. At the close of 1968 only two occupational groups, Canal Zone pilots and customs guards and inspectors, remain as total security position groups. All other occupations are now made up of various combinations of security and non security positions, thus partly eliminating the former restrictions on employment of Panamanians in these occupations. Further progress in this area will be the aim in future years.

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Chapter V FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELATED SUPPLEMENTARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968 The financial statements of the Panama Canal Company appearing as tables 1 through 10, with the accompanying notes, present the financial position of the Company at June 30, 1968, and the financialresults of its operations for the fiscal year then ended. All statements have been examined by the General Auditor of the Panama Canal Company and are subject to audit by the General Accounting Office. Detailed audit reports of the General Accounting Office are directed to the Congress and are presented as congressional documents. Summary information concerning operating results, net direct investment of the U.S. Government and retained revenue, and capital expeditures follows: Financial Results Net revenue for fiscal year 1968 amounted to $11.4 million after interest payments of $12 million and net cost of Canal Zone Government of $22.5 million. Corresponding net revenue for fiscal year 1967 amounted to $13.1 million after payments of $12.2 million and $21.7 million for interest and net cost of Canal Zone Government, respectively. Equity of the U.S. Government The interest-bearing net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the Panama Canal Company was reduced $10 million during the year as the result of a capital repayment on December 8, 1967. Capital Expenditures Capital expenditures amounted to $13.7 million for the year as compared to $8.4 million for the preceding fiscal year. The budgeted estimate for the year was $15.1 million. The largest expenditure, amounting to $5.9 million, was for widening Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo Reaches and the second largest expenditure, amounting to $1.2 million, was for the purchase of two tugboats. 29

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30 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Assets 1968 1967 CURRENT ASSETS: Fund balances with U.S. Treasury and cash: Fund balance in U.S. Treasury checking account---------------------------$25,321,852 $17,358,927 Cash in commercial banks, on hand, and in transit------------------------------2,123,755 5,946,271 27,445,607 23,305,198 Accounts receivable: Canal Zone Government and other U.S. Government agencies-------------1,634,965 4,237,822 Republic of Panama --------------------2,835,970 2,597,227 Other --------------------------------3,177,784 2,687,788 7,648,719 9,522,837 Inventories (note 1): Materials and supplies -------------------8,440,820 7,771,086 Merchandise held for sale------------4,466,057 4,384,942 12,906,877 12,156,028 Other current assets --------------------------214,623 135,611 Total current assets -------------------48,215,826 45,119,674 FIXED ASSETS (note 2): Cost ----------------------------------710,894,935 698,303,629 Less depreciation and valuation allowances -------220,797,347 214,254,611 490,097,588 484,049,018 DEFERRED CHARGES: Relief payments to former employees ----------10,292,000 8,554,000 Other_------------------------------------441,003 566,669 10,733,003 9,120,669 $549,046,417 $538,289,361 NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1. Inventories. Inventories of operating materials and supplies are stated principally at standard cost. Inventories of merchandise for sale in warehouses are stated at average cost on a line item basis; and inventories of merchandise for sale in retail outlets are stated at average cost using the retail method for valuation. 2. Fixed assets. Fixed assets generally are stated at cost or, if acquired from another Government agency, at original cost to such agency. Valuation allowances have been established in accordance with sections 62 and 412 of

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 31 Condition June 30, 1968 and 1967 Liabilities and Equity 1968 1967 CURRENT LIABILrrIES: Accounts payable: U.S. Government agencies ----------------$1,783,914 $2,329,423 Other --_--------------------------3,165,695 3,691,953 4,949,609 6,021,376 Due U.S. Treasury -------------------------427,195 1,156,585 Accrued liabilities: Employees' leave------------------12,229,848 11,570,864 Salaries and wages ---------------------2,589,956 1,704,835 Relief payments to former employees ------1,328,000 1,460,000 Claims for damages to vessels -------------3,391,587 971,144 Employees' repatriation----------------496,375 627,000 Other --------------------------------3,448,811 3,038,864 23,484,577 19,372,707 Other current liabilities -------------------826,260 781,555 Total current liabilities --------------29,687,641 27,332,223 LONG-TERM LIABILITIES: Relief payments to former employees --------8,964,000 7,094,000 Employees' repatriation ---------------------4,490,025 4,426,000 13,454,025 11,520,000 RESERVES: Stabilization of canal slides ,------------5000,000 Overhaul of canal locks --------------------636,483 566,992 5,636,483 566,992 EQUITY OF U.S. GOVERNMENT (note 3): Net direct investment: Interest-bearing -----------------------321,736,896 331,759,383 Non-interest-bearing ---------------------18,051,630 18,051,630 Retained revenue, non-interest-bearing 160,479,742 149,059,133 500,268,268 498,870,146 $549,046,417 $538,289,361 The accompanying "Notes to Financial Statements" are an integral part of this statement. title 2 of the Canal Zone Code (1) to offset the cost of defense facilities and suspended construction projects-principally the partial construction of a third sets of locks abandoned in the early part of World War IL-totaling $82.7 million (both the cost and valuation allowances have been excluded from the statement of financial condition) and interest during original construction aggregating about $51 million and (2) to reduce to usable value the cost of those fixed assets transferred to the Company from The Panama Canal (agency) at July 1, 1951. Because of historical practice and a construing of the Canal Zone Code as not requiring the depreciation or amortization of certain assets, depreciation or amortization allowances have not been provided on titles,

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32 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA treaty rights, and excavation of channels, harbors, basins, and other works costing about $317 million. If these assets were depreciated at the rate of 1 percent per annum, there would be an annual charge against operations of approximately $3.2 million. Depreciation allowances on all other fixed assets are accumulated on a straight-line basis. 3. Equity of the U.S. Government. The net direct interest-bearing investment was established in accordance with section 62 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code. Interest thereon is paid at a rate established annually by the Secretary of the Treasury. The rates for 1968 and 1967 were, respectively, 3.668 and 3.655 percent. The net direct non-interest-bearing investment consists of the costs of the Thatcher Ferry Bridge constructed in accordance with the Act of July 23, 1956 (70 Stat. 596). The Act of August 25, 1959 (73 Stat. 428) amended section 71 of Title 2 of the Canal Zone Code to provide the Company with authority to borrow funds from the U.S. Treasury not to exceed $10 million outstanding at any time at interest rates to be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury. 4. Contingent and other liabilities. The Company is contingently liable with respect to certain pending suits and claims. In addition, the Company has outstanding at all times certain liabilities of indeterminable amounts, which are recognized in the accounts on an as-paid basis. These liabilities include, principally, commitments for construction work, supplies and services, and death and disability benefits payable under provisions of the Federal Employees' Compensation Act. The maximum liability which could result from outstanding claims and lawsuits is estimated to be $4.3 million exclusive of claims that may arise as a result of a bus./train collision that occurred subsequent to June 30, 1968, the cost of which is not determinable at this time. Commitments under uncompleted construction contracts and unfilled purchase orders amounted to about $7.9 million at June 30, 1968. The Company held at June 30, 1968, negotiable U.S. Government securities and Republic of Panama securities in the face amount of $2,515,000 deposited by customers and Panamanian insurance firms to guarantee contract performance and payment of tolls and other charges and, on behalf of the Canal Zone Government, negotiable securities in the face amount of $633,000 to guarantee payment of possible judgments against insurance companies operating in the Canal Zone.

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 33 Table 2.-Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses, Fiscal Years Ended June 30, 1968 and 1967 REVENUE: 1968 1967 Tolls __----------------------------------$83,943,461 $76,804,031 Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels _-_-_9,211,220 5,492,625 Commodities sold -------------------------26,524,041 24,607,878 Service sales and rentals---------------------40,770,461 37,994,969 160,449,183 144,899,503 OPERATINc EXPENSES AND OTHER COSTS: Payroll and related costs ---------------------75,835,777 68,782,510 Material and other operating expenses -----------10,190,357 8,094,910 Cost of commodities sold --------------------18,240,402 17,239,832 Provision for stabilization of slide hazards -5,000,000 Locks overhaul accrual ---------------------2,920,969 871,897 Damage to vessels -------------------------2,596,653 225,386 Depreciation-----------------------------7,269,301 6,868,623 Net cost of Canal Zone Government -----------22,536,947 21,692,425 Interest on net direct investment of U.S. Government _--_-----------------------------11,983,947 12,207,079 156,574,353 135,982,662 Less payroll and other costs transferred to Company capital projects and Canal Zone Government programs ----------------------_--7,545,779 4,141,554 Total operating expenses and other costs_ -_ 149,028,574 131,841,108 NET REVENUE ---__ ___---------------------------$11,420,609 $13,058,395 Table 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the United States Government, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 Net direct investment Retained revenue, interestnon-interestnon-interestbearing bearing bearing EQUITY AT JULY, 1 1967 ---------------------$331,759,383 $18,051,630 $149,059,133 Additions: Net revenue_________________-__11,420,609 Transfers from other U.S. Government agencies: Vessel Q-612 (renamed Anayansi), from the Department of the Army---85,750 Adjust value of Building 82, Coco Solo, previously transferred from the U.S. Navy -------------------------38,594 Reactivation of plant: Building 1-D, Balboa Industrial Area __ ___--------------_ 1,913 Tool crib in Building 2-A, Balboa Industrial Area ---------------_ __--_-1,590 Adjust value of Buildings 2-A and 3, Balboa Industrial Area, previous reactivation -__--__-_-__ 1,094 331,888,324 18,051,630 160,479,742 Reductions: Capital repayment-__---------------10,000,000 Transfers to other U.S. Government agencies: West Bank fuel oil facilities, to U.S. Air Force -------------------_ __ ____151,428 10,151,428 -------------EQUITY AT JUNE 30, 1968 -------------------$321,736,896 $18,051,630 $160,479,742

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34 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 SOURCE OF FUNDS: Revenue ------------------------------------------------$160,449,183 Net change in working capital, other than cash 3----------------3,399,675 Other ---------------------------------------------------267,476 $164,116,334 APPLICATION OF FUNDS: Operating expenses and other costs --------------------------$149,028,574 Less operating expenses not requiring expenditures of funds: Provision for depreciation ------------------$7,269,301 Provision for stabilization of canal slide 5,000,000 Provision for locks overhaul -------------2,920,969 Other ----------------------------------365,574 15,555,844 133,472,730 Capital expenditures -------------------------------------13,651,717 Canal locks overhaul expenditures ---------------------------2,851,478 Capital repayment --------------------------------------10,000,000 Increase in cash ------------------------------------------4,140,409 $164,116,334 Table 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 Operating Operating income Revenue expenses and expenses TRANSIT OPERATIONS (table 6) ----$105,302,403 $48,527,935 $56,774,468 SUPPORTING SERVICES (table 7): Maritime services ------------12,254,396 9,391,373 2,863,023 Employees' services _____--_ 29,268,140 29,285,754 (17,614) Transportation and utilities 9,572,086 9,248,225 323,861 Other supporting services_ 3,867,602 3,871,394 (3,792) 54,962,224 51,796,746 3,165,478 160,264,627 100,324,681 59,939,946 GENERAL CORPORATE EXPENSES: Administrative and other general expenses (table 8) -----------184,556 14,182,999 13,998,443 Net cost of Canal Zone Government --------------------22,536,947 22,536,947 Interest on net direct investment of the U.S. Government 11,983,947 11,983,947 184,556 48,703,893 48,519,337 $160,449,183 $149,028,574 NET OPERATING INCOME _-_-_-_--_-_-_-_-_-$11,420,609

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 35 Table 6.-Transit Operations, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 REvENUE: Canal tolls-------------------------------------------------------$83,943,461 Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels -----------.-----------9,211,220 Harbor pilotage, tug, launch, and other services ---------------------------12,147,722 Total revenue---------------------------------------------------105,302,403 Direct DepreciaOPERATING EXPENSES: expenses tion Total Navigation services and control--. $15,617,740 $273,109 $15,890,849 Engineering and maintenance services ---------------------12,669,310 157,738 12,827,048 Operation and maintenance of locks---------------------11,004,994 1,452,640 12,457,634 Dredging of channels and harbors -8.973,122 484,325 9,457,447 Vessel repair-------------------5,133,941 154,790 5,288,731 Provision for stabilization of canal slides_----------------------5,000,000 5,000,000 Provision for periodic overhaul of locks ---------------------2,920,969 2,920,969 Damage to vessels ------------.2,596,653 2,596,653 Meteorology and hydrography services --------------------------805,708 15,499 821,207 Locks security force -------------693,062 693,062 Annuity to Republic of Panama (repayment to U.S. Treasury)--430,000 430,000 Diesel power generation.-------324,000 324,000 Operation and maintenance of Thatcher Ferry Bridge-------234,820 315,206 550,026 Operation and maintenance of dams, reservoirs, and spillways.-_. -157,736 114,192 271,928 Miscellaneous_-----------------640,727 8,347 649,074 Total operating expenses-.-$67,202,782 $2,975,846 70,178,628 Less charges to other activities ---_-----_--_--.-21,650,693 Net operating expenses ----------------------------48,527,935 OPERATING INCOME _------_-_-_--_ -----.-------------------------$56,774,468

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Table 7.-Supporting Services, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 Revenues Operating Expenses Cost of Less charges Total Operating Sales of Sales of Rental of Total Direct commodities to other operating income MARTIME SERVICES: commodities services quarters revenue expenses sold Depreciation activities expenses or (loss) Marine terminals.---------. .-.------. ----$12,254,396 ---------$12,254,396 $9,717,591 ---------_ $357,670 $683,888 $9,391,373 $2,863,023 EMPLOyEES' SERVICES: Marketing operations --_--_-__-.---------$25,073,823 478,389 ----25,552,212 9,408,051 $17,300,005 309,260 1,223,757 25,793,559 (241,347) United States community hous.ing--------.-.--. ---.----.-------$2,803,211 2,803,211 2,028,293 -------_ 557,677 42,860 2,543,110 260,101 Latin American community housing.---.-----------------.--------912,717 912,717 820,436 -------136,125 7,476 949,085 (36,368) 25,073,823 478,389 3,715,928 29,268,140 12,256,780 17,300,005 1,003,062 1,274,093 29,285,754 (17,614) TRANSPORTATIoN AND UTILITIES: Railroad --.--.-----.------------------------_. ----.-.1,438,863 ---------1,438,863 2,043,277 .-----112,807 723,564 1,432,520 6,343 Z Motor transportation------.-----------.-. ---232,810 -------232,810 3,176,828 --.--309,801 3,258,087 228,542 4,268 > Water transportation --.--.--_------------37,049 752,812 --.--. -789,861 4,328,674 22,170 93,248 3,519,229 924,863 (135,002) Power system_------------------. -_-----------. 4,850,130 --------4,850,130 5,417,548 -----1,228,639 2,059,327 4,586,860 263,270 Communication system---------.---------._ ---480,007 --.---_ 480,007 848,142 ---.----122,969 580,705 390,406 89,601 Water system.----.-------------_------.----------------1,760,733 --------_1,760,733 1,593,054 -.----324,457 331,840 1,585,671 175,062 > Central air-conditioning system -----------.------19,682 ---------19,682 253,412 --------76,019 230,068 99,363 (79,681) 37,049 9,535,037 --------9,572,086 17,660,935 22,170 2,267,940 10,702,820 9,248,225 323,861 tr OTHER SUPPORTING SERVICES: Storehouse_----------------------------------763,642 30,742 ------794,384 7,543,361 580,772 193,765 7,627,279 690,619 103,765 !0 Scrap operations.-.-----.------------_------202,869 ----------_-.------202,869 44,242 99,321 6,427 13,937 136,053 66,816 H Tivoli guest house-----------.---------------446,658 211,981 ------.--658,639 714,0.8 238,134 35,701 118,677 869,186 (210,547) Printing plant------------------44,894 --.------44,894 654,452 --.----30,651 643,840 41,263 3,631 Grounds maintenance.----------------.-----.-.---------379,898 ---_---379,898 2,007,013 -------36,346 1,698,923 344,436 35,462 Z Procurement-------------------------------------------. -----------------.--.-------235,069 ---------1,279 236,348 --.----.------.-----0 General community and custodial services -.----------77,631 ----_----77,631 1,343,845 -.------12,144 1,275,439 80,550 (2,919) n Sea level canal support division -----------.------1,709,287 -----1,709,287 1,709,287 --_. -.---. ------.1,709,287 ------H 1,413,169 2,454,433 -------. 3,867,602 14,251,297 918,227 316,313 11,614,443 3,871,394 (3,792) TOTAL----------_-.-.-_-_--_-_-_---------$26,524,041 $24,722,255 $3,715,928 $54,962,224 $53,886,603 $18,240,402 $3,944,985 $24,275,244 $51,796,746 $3,165,478

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 37 Table 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 EXECUTIvE DIRECTiON: Board of directors------$12,408 Office of the president ---------------------793,648 Information office -----------------------------482,913 Tourist facilities ------------------------------69,355 Office of the secretary---------------------87,608 Consultants and advisors ------------------------380,547 $1,826,479 OPERATIONS DIRECTION: General and special engineering services ------------314,407 Office of the engineering and construction director -209,985 Office of the marine director------------------134,825 Office of the supply and community service director 156,753 Office of the transportation and terminals director_ 140,212 956,182 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: Office of the comptroller ----------3,899,961 Annual audit---------------------------------25,511 3,925,472 PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION: Personnel bureau -1,299,412 Apprentice program----135,817 1,435,229 GENERAL SERVICES: Administrative branch 768,307 Maintenance of buildings-----------------721,758 Public services -------------------------------78,824 Miscellaneous -------------------------------132,232 1,701,121 EMPLOYMENT COSTS: Alien cash relief -------------------------------1,458,839 Recruitment and repatriation ---------------------562,910 Employees' home leave travel ---------------615,822 Apprentices' school time--------------------464,017 Death and disability compensation -----------------258,134 Contribution for employees' health benefit association------------------------------------175,878 Medical and other services for relief annuitants ---117,819 Contribution for employees' group life insurance --94,807 Transportation of employees' vehicles ------------_ ___53,063 Leave liability variation------------------------(211,158) Over-distribution of civil service retirement contribution--------------------------------------(84,398) Miscellaneous --------------------------------236,389 3,742,122 OTHER EXPENSES: Loss on disposition of fixed assets -------------------$219,953 Depreciation-------------------------------348,470 Correction of landslide at Los Rios --------------7,748 Law suits and tort claims -------------------------54,345 Slide prevention-Gamboa water tank --------------153 630,699 14,217,274 DEDUCT: Charges to other activities -----------------------_-_-34,275 14,182,999 REVENUE__ ___---------------------------------------184,556 NET ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER GENERAL EXPENSES $13,998,443

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38 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 9.-Inventories, June 30, 1968 MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES: Storehouse branch: General materials and supplies ---------------------------$7,134,075 Scrap ----------------------------------------------192,633 In transit to Isthmus-453,884 7,780,592 Locks division ---------------------------------------------138,592 Marine terminals division ----------------------------------110,706 Water transportation division --------------------------------15,000 Water system -------------------------------------------70,000 Power system -------------------------------------------204,191 538,489 Manufacturing and repair work in progress: Industrial division ------------------------------------121,351 Other units -----------------------------------------388 121,739 Total materials and supplies ----------------------------8,440,820 MERCHANDISE HELD FOR SALE: Retail stores and allied operations: In warehouses and in stores ------------------------------3,430,374 In transit ---------------------------------------------748,501 4,178,875 Water transportation division --------------------------------1,866 Service centers ------------------------------------------257,647 Tivoli guest house ----------------------------------------27,669 Total merchandise held for sale -------------------------4,466,057 TOTAL INVENTORIES._-_ $12,906,877

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Table 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets, June 30, 1968 and 1967 1968 1967 Depreciation Depreciation TRANSIT FACILITIES: and valuation and valuation Titles and treaty rights: Cost allowances Cost allowances Treaty payments to Republic of Panama, 1904 ----__-_-_-________-__---------$10,000,000 -_--_---_--$10,000,000---Depopulation of Canal Zone __-__----_________-___-______---__--------------4,728,889 ___--_--4,728,889---14,728,889 -___---14,728,889 Canal excavation, fills and embankments: Canal channels, harbors and basins --_____-__-_--_____--_______------------264,623,467 --------257,307,220---Dams --_-_-------_-_---_-_-_---_---_-----_-_------_-------------------14,999,298 _ _ _---14,999,298---Locks excavations_ __._____-__-_--__-___________________---------------11,613,816 -11,613,816 ---Breakwaters_---___--____----_-__--_____________ -----------------9,324,423 _----9,324,423---Spillways --_--_-----_--_-----_--_-__-__-__-__-__-_------------------1,733,998 ----1,733,998 ---302,295,002 _------294,978,755---z z Interest during construction -_----_-_-_-_-_-_-_ -_-_-_-_-_-_-_----------__ ---50,892,311 $50,892,311 50,892,311 $50,892,311 0 Canal structures and equipment: Industrial division-Vessel repair _-_-_-_ -_---------------13,775,500 9,625,337 13,291,688 9,266,852 -Drydock excavation __--_-_----------126,457 63,229 126,457 63,229 ( -Salvage depot __-__-_--_-__-_-__-_--------------268,145 207,888 267,849 199,542 Q Locks division--------------_89,453,500 44,929,376 89,162,015 43,534,293 z Dredging division_-------_-_-_-_-_-----___---------------16,241,156 11,132,287 15,395,014 10,661,474 H Dams and spillways -_----_-_ --_-__-_-__-_--_-_--_-_-------------__ -10,044,433 4,650,887 10,044,433 4,536,694 Port captains -_-_-__-_____-_-_-__-_-__-_-_ _-_-__-_-----------------__ __ _8,527,278 3,166,279 7,089,976 2,989,025 Aids to navigation _---------_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_---------------3,136,289 1,632,474 2,997,522 1,576,094 Meteorological and hydrographic branch ------------176,144 111,323 164,992 110,810 Engineering division-Hydrographic surveys -----------149,424 93,121 228,558 85,304 -Maintenance and inspection ---------4,192,304 2,304,644 3,941,608 2,219,222 Thatcher ferry bridge _-_-__-_--_----_-__-_--_--_---_---------------19,050,129 1,944,000 19,050,129 1,628,795 165,140,759 79,860,845 161,760,241 76,871,334 Total transit facilities --_-----_ ---_ ---_----------------------533,056,961 130,753,156 522,360,196 127,763,645 SUPPORTING AND GENERAL FACILITIES: Maritime services: Harbor terminals -_.__-------_-_-_---_---_-------------------22,357,316 16,781,482 22,354,846 16,531,786 H

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Employees' services: Retail stores and allied operations----------------------------------------------6,746,493 3,408,138 6,650,953 3,227,315 Service centers.-------------_.---.-------3,759,684 1,629,828 3,709,860 1,522,108 Housing division------------.--------------------------------------43,743,323 16,567,939 43,472,794 16,096,397 54,249,500 21,605,905 53,833,607 20,845,820 Transportation and utilities: Railroad division.-------------------------------------------12,430,097 9,585,522 12,281,306 9,625,199 Motor transportation division-------------------------------------------------4,247,033 2,096,508 3,984,309 1,984,838 t Power system---.--------------------------------------------------38,834,677 15,018,651 37,810,283 13,845,402 Communication system-----------------------------------------.------.-.--4,357,114 3,091,001 4,408,426 2,972,852 C Water system-----------------------------------------------------------14,497,447 7,925,435 14,279,534 7,608,104 0 Water transportation division ------------4,670,121 4,056,723 4,653,457 3,963,801 Central air conditioning service ------------------------------------------------2,181,429 342,355 2,079,573 249,092 81,217,918 42,116,195 79,496,888 40,249,288 Other supporting services: Storehouse branch ----------------------------------------------------4,924,939 2,359,224 4,860,646 2,193,251 Tivoli guest house-----------------------------------------------------------898,693 590,371 892,566 558,417 Printing plant -------------------------------------------------------719,724 301,076 698,819 275,965 Grounds maintenance --------------------------------------------------------780,434 436,749 638,868 403,261 Procurement ---------------------------------------------------------------27,920 18,697 26,141 17,653 Housing division ------------------------------------------------------------350,554 140,735 314,374 129,523 7,702,264 3,846,852 7,431,414 3,578,070 General facilities: Miscellaneous company buildings -----------------------------------------------7,515,705 4,345,433 7,424,681 4,180,880 Miscellaneous office equipment ------------------------------------------549,063 284,140 814,323 453,901 8,064,768 4,629,573 8,239,004 4,634,781 Total supporting and general facilities -----------------------------------173,591,766 88,980,007 171,355,759 85,839,745 PLANT ADDITxONs N PRoGREss ------------------------------------------------------3,154,475 -----------. 3,915,651 -. PLANT RETIREMENTS IN PROGRESS----------------671,990 660,859 168,380 164,794 FAcILIIEs HELD FOR FUTURE USE ----.------------------. 419,743 403,325 503,643 486,427 TOTAL ------.----------------$710,894,935 $220,797,347 $698,303,629 $214,254,611

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42 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 11.-Occan Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958 Through 1968 Traffic as8essed tolls on Traffic assessed tolls displacement tonnage Total traffic on net tonnage basis basis Number Long tons Number Panama Number DisplaceFiscal of of of Canal net of ment year transits Tolls cargo transits tonnage transits tonnage COMMERCIAL OCEAN TRAFFIC' 1958---------------------9,187 41,795,905 48,124,809 9,162 47,924,345 25 78,691 1959--------------------9,718 45,528,728 51,153,096 9,682 52,153,563 36 112,609 1960--------------------10,795 50,939,428 59,258,219 10,745 58,301,926 50 193,471 1961---------------------10,866 54,127,877 63,669,738 10,823 61,826,002 43 140,760 1962--------------------11,149 57,289,705 67,524,552 11,096 65,378,845 53 197,390 1963---------------------11,017 56,368,073 62,247,094 10,973 64,438,115 44 110,002 1964---------------------11,808 61,098,312 70,550,090 11,756 69,632,611 52 134,221 1965---------------------11,834 65,442,633 76,573,071 11,777 74,734,814 57 208,205 1966---------------------11,925 69,095,129 81,703,514 11,859 78,912,824 66 218,092 1967--------------------12,412 76,768,605 86,193,430 12,366 88,266,343 46 166,242 1968--------------------13.199 83,907,062 96,550,165 13,142 96,487,843 57 220,411 U.S. GOVERNMENT OCEAN TRAFFIC' 1958---------------------279 972,110 791,310 224 1,020,267 55 219,938 1959---------------------204 965,643 1,012,842 172 1,047,674 32 120,562 1960---------------------182 813,313 804,581 148 864,177 34 134,965 1961---------------------188 997,842 1,149,934 160 1,088,393 28 130,905 1962---------------------191 1,028,396 1,126,418 166 1,095,074 25 135,236 1963---------------------300 1,460,281 1,115,352 213 1,387,597 87 552,928 1964---------------------285 1,395,548 1,177,269 184 1,337,065 101 493,655 1965---------------------284 1,647,653 1,923,538 216 1,733,736 68 332,827 1966---------------------591 3,446,219 3,220,190 479 3,682,935 112 494,479 1967---------------------879 5,484,566 6,147,479 782 6,044,162 97 419,701 1968---------------------1.504 9,206,815 8,497,221 1,368 10,421,084 136 719,247 FREE OCEAN TRAFFIC1 2 1958-----------------4-----43 47,107 35 52,659 8 11,400 1959---------------------60 ----------145,267 44 146,783 16 35,795 1960---------------------94 ----------320,722 94 417,457 ------. 1961---------------------93 ----------379,660 79 416,003 14 25,807 1962---------------------84 ----------403,831 82 442,932 2 3,815 1963---------------------91 ----------505,473 91 556,031 -.-----1964---------------------91 ----------422,092 87 471,291 4 7,790 1965---------------------85----------403,920 82 452,191 3 8,030 1966----------------------8 85 ----------378,626 73 405,221 12 31,050 1967---------------------94 ----------642,882 88 704,153 6 26,760 1968---------------------104 ---------482,483 94 511,278 10 22,516 TOTAL OCEAN TRAFFICI 1958--------------------9,509 42,768,015 48,963,226 9,421 48,997,271 88 310,029 1959--------------------9,982 46,494,371 52,311,205 9,898 53,348,020 84 268,966 1960--------------------11,071 51,752,741 60,383,522 10,987 59,583,560 84 328,436 1961--------------------11,147 55,125,719 65,199,332 11,062 63,330,398 85 297,472 1962-------------------11,424 58,318,101 69,054,801 11,344 66,916,851 80 336,441 1963--------------------11,408 57,828,354 63,867,919 11.277 66,381,743 131 662,930 1964 --------------------12,184 62,493,860 72,149,451 12,027 71,440,967 157 635,666 1965--------------------12,203 67,090,286 78,900,529 12,075 76,920,741 128 549,062 1966--------------------12,601 72,541,348 85,302,330 12,411 83,000,380 190 743,621 1967---------------------13,385 82,253,171 92,983,791 13,236 95,014,658 149 612,703 1968--------------------14,807 93,113,877 105,529,869 14,604 107,420,205 203 962,174 SMALL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC 1958---------------------750 47,619 18,710 750 58,914 .-.-. 1959---------------------958 42,835 17,766 956 53,013 2 716 1960---------------------833 42,500 18,126 823 50,522 10 3,807 1961---------------------627 38,086 17,249 621 45,653 6 2,107 1962---------------------473 22,459 8,644 469 27,638 4 1,231 1963---------------------430 23,385 8,980 428 28,429 2 859 1964---------------------627 48,686 19,202 622 57,587 5 2,092 1965---------------------577 53,786 20,698 568 62,707 9 2,900 1966---------------------544 48,485 21,054 532 57,954 12 2,924 1967.---------------------570 40,097 14,081 566 49,027 4 938 1968---------------------571 35,367 8,357 566 43,498 5 1,369 1 Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.). 2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships tranriting for repairs at the Company operated yards. 8 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed on displacement tonnage.)

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 43 Table 11.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958 Through 1968-(Continued) Traffic assessed tolls on Traffic assessed tolls displacement tonnage Total traffic on net tonnage basis basis Number Long tons Number Panama Number Displaceof of of Canal net of ment Fisal transits Tolls cargo transit tonnage transits tonnage year SMALL U.S. GOVERNMENT TRAFFIC: 1958---------------------337 .18,372 -----210 15,931 127 10,315 1959------------------230 9,414 .----.--. 94 3,643 136 12,999 1960---------------------230 7,791 ------. 48 1,863 182 12,694 1961.--------------.----229 8,914 -------48 623 181 16,901 1962---------------------190 6,730 ---.--.-48 872 142 12,195 1963---------------------139 4,192 .---.--. 41 773 98 7,271 1964 ---------------------119 3,844 -.--.-.-23 969 96 6,291 1965.-------------------110 4,379 -.-------. 26 733 84 7,702 1966-------------------135 4,277 ---.--. 44 2,001 91 5,673 1967---------------------101 3,370 86 40 1,844 61 3,870 1968---------------------121 4,405 44 34 1,865 87 5,764 SMALL FREE TRAFFIC23 1958.---------------------12 -.------. 100 12 1,416 -------1959---------------------22 -------16 22 850 --------1960------------------------13 85 13 862 ------1961---------------------16 -------------------15 706 1 35 1962 -_-_.-.-.-__ ._ --.19 _____-_____ 30 17 2,299 2 328 1963-------------------28 -.-301 28 1,608 -------. 1964------------------------15 ----37 15 1,287 ------1965------------------28 .------1,704 28 3,226 ------1966---------------------24 ----------79 20 2,848 4 213 1967----------------_---14 -------------------9 213 5 180 1968---------------------12 ------.---48 8 374 4 144 TOTAL PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC 1958_--------------------10,608 42,834,006 48,982,036 10,393 49,073,532 215 320,344 1959--------------------11,192 46,546,620 52,328,987 10,970 53,405,526 222 282,681 1960--------------------12,147 51,803,032 60,401,733 11,871 59,636,807 276 344,937 1961--------------------12,019 55,172,719 65,216,581 11,746 63,377,380 273 316,515 1962--------------------12,106 58,347,290 69,063,475 11,878 66,947,660 228 350,195 1963--------------------12,005 57,855,931 63,877,200 11,774 66,412,553 231 671,060 1964--------------------12,945 62,546,390 72,168,690 12,687 71,500,810 258 644,049 1965--------------------12,918 67,148,451 78,922,931 12,697 76,987,407 221 559,664 1966--------------------13,304 72,594,110 85,323,463 13,007 83,063,183 297 752,431 1967--------------------14,070 82,296,638 92,997,958 13,851 95,065,742 219 617,691 1968.---.-----------------15,511 93,153,649 105,538,318 15,212 107,465,942 299 969,451 1 Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.). 2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships transiting for repairs at the Company operated yards. 3 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed on displacement tonnage.) Table 12.-Traffic by Months-Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967 Number of Panama Canal transits net tonnage Long tons of cargo Tolls 1967-68 1966-67 1967-68 1966-67 1967-68 1966-67 1967-68 1966-67 July------------1,177 1,039 8,538,614 7,132,524 8,377,549 7,071,081 $7,399,917 $6,205,197 August---------1,117 1,008 7,751,144 7,351,048 7,842,849 7,479,839 6,750,893 6,392,171 September------1,023 988 7,295,441 6,958,306 7,179,421 6,780,147 6,369,725 6,056,748 October.---------1,048 1,005 7,759,759 7,053,937 7,874,353 6,961,904 6,753,738 6,157,127 November-------1,041 985 7,712,786 6,955,559 7,395,513 6,549,291 6,672,439 6,028,045 December-------1,100 987 8,239,960 6,973,795 8,266,618 6,744,325 7,132,819 6,083,532 January---------1,094 1,043 7,956,063 7,240,372 7,969,242 7,012,821 6,915,807 6,318,474 February--------1,055 968 7,647,149 6,932,996 7,867,167 6,929,472 6,685,906 6,048,669 March----------1,132 1,079 8,070,108 7,835,490 8,091,245 7,909,287 7,026,920 6,830,732 April.-----------1,132 1,094 8,390,820 7,886,986 8,328,578 7,136,036 7,300,821 6,822,645 May.------------1,168 1,128 8,609,288 8,097,824 8,691,244 7,777,911 7.492,786 7,005,053 June.----------1,112 1,088 8,516,711 7,847,506 8,666,386 7,841,316 7,405,291 6,820,212 Total.-----13,199 12,412 96,487,843 88,266,343 96,550,165 86,193,430 $83,907,062 $76,768,605 Average per month 1,100 1,034 8,040,654 7,355,438 8,045,847 7,182,786 6,992,255 6,397,384 NoTE.-The above includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on a displacement tonnage basis. Statistics on these vessels, except as relates to displacement tonnage, have been included in the table above.

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44 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 13.-Canal Traffic' by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968 Measured Tonnage Panama Long Number of Canal Registered Tons of Flag Transits Net Gross Tolls Cargo Argentina --------------------_ _17 99,650 130,953 $88,493 75,050 Australia --------------------__ __ __ _-.2,967 Belgium --------------------_ _109 530,608 600,511 438,191 275,042 Brazil ----------------------_ __15 86,736 102,923 76,630 95,334 Bulgaria-------------------11 93,298 117,322 77,435 96,288 Burundi --------------------_ ___3 17,360 24,225 14,576 15,300 Canada---------------------14 11,998 16,914 16,476 215 Chile -----------------------114 776,182 981,583 692,188 691,186 Colombia -------------------_ _202 1,144,315 1,409,078 1,028,573 433,024 Cuba --_-------------------31 219,398 294,698 197,458 331,805 Cyprus ---------------------_ __21 134,972 174,359 111,069 132,205 Czechoslovakia---_---------7 96,483 118,969 86,835 155,608 Denmark ______-----------434 2,770,233 3,042,369 2,469,982 2,538,773 East Germany_--------------13 63,680 76,618 52,298 33,694 Ecuador --------------------161 321,460 436,652 282,783 169,308 Finland ---------------------38 277,480 310,323 242,423 216,472 France ------------------204 1,100,709 1,489,523 1,035,916 1,015,648 Greece ---------------------444 3,721,763 4,750,961 3,222,731 4,467,674 Honduras -------------------199 269,768 439,230 226,713 116,047 India----------------------31 422,604 555,304 350,553 409,645 Indonesia------------------5 17,116 20,401 14,509 2,910 Ireland--------------------20 62,126 88,569 55,913 73,521 Israel----------------------113 647,796 796,884 567,349 632,923 Italy ------------------------252 2,054,243 2,716,270 1,804,576 1,881,085 Japan ---------------------1,036 7,701,053 10,333,112 6,830,144 8,191,057 Lebanon_----------------5 29,156 40,287 24,087 30,750 Liberia --------------------1,543 16,429,863 20,681,349 14,058,249 21,253,720 Mexico ---------------------_ _58 272,774 349,307 222,383 177,468 Netherlands ------------------469 2,288,718 3,014,627 1,994,012 2,014,299 Nicaragua ------------------74 183,240 181,274 163,095 118,874 Norway----------------__.-1,498 13,949,573 18,209,218 12,136,400 16,409,131 Panama------------------__519 2,702,916 3,458,573 2,251,921 2,779,659 Peru ------------------------170 748,125 943,621 662,351 780,694 Philippines-----------------94 641,142 923,548 577,803 413,567 Poland ---------------------36 276,561 314,607 248,905 366,385 Republic of China (Formosa)_ -107 720,215 936,315 639,390 735,947 Rumania -------------------2 15,044 27,472 13,540 36,082 Somalia-------------------1 5,004 5,059 4,504 6,114 South Korea -----------------_ __40 219,831 281,317 189,557 171,861 Spain----------------------24 95,638 116,458 84,153 102,653 Sweden -------------------466 3,394,075 4,596,629 2,955,366 3,036,667 Switzerland ---------------74 179,345 215,839 152,693 98,487 Thailand -------------------5 37,451 45,557 33,706 39,174 United Kingdom -------------1,453 11,358,412 15,223,562 9,979,719 11,363,599 United States ----------------1,647 13,008,852 15,405,087 11,173,704 8,594,846 U.S.S.R. ---------------------98 435,287 629,746 383,721 572,292 Venezuela-. -----------------2 1,874 2,870 1,517 1,821 West Germany --------------1,279 6,524,987 6,963,546 5,684,033 4,974,583 Yugoslavia------------------39 328,729 418,874 285,472 421,678 Total Fiscal Year 1968 -----13,199 96,487,843 122,012,493 $83,907,062 96,550,165 Fiscal Year 1967 -----12,412 88,266,343 112,216,244 76,768,605 86,193,430 Fiscal Year 1966 -----11,925 78,912,824 100,762,225 69,095,129 81,703,514 1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.). No-E.-In Canal traffic statistics, foreign naval vessels such as transports, supply ships, tankers, etc., with a measurement of 300 net tons (Panama Canal measurement) and over, and vessels of war, dredges, etc., with a displacement of 500 tons and over are classified as oceangoing commercial vessels. Statistics on these vessels, except as relates to displacement tonnage, have been included in the table above. As displacement tonnage cannot be combined with net tonnage the following table shows statistics covering 57 vessels which transited the Canal during fiscal year 1968 and paid tolls on displacement tonnage:

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 45 Table 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968-Cont. Number Di.placeType of ment Flag transits tonnage Tolls Australia -----------------------------Naval --_-___-----2 5,934 $2,967 Canada------------------------------Icebreaker-----------1 7,550 3,775 _do------------------------------Dredge-------------1 2,650 1,325 do.-------------------------------Naval --------------1 2,700 1,350 Chile -------------------------------------do--------------2 6,860 3,430 Ecuador---------------------------------do. -------------3 6,146 3,073 France-----------------------------------do -------24 132,604 66,302 .do------------------------------Drydock -------------1 1,544 772 Japan_--------------------------------Naval --.-__--------8 18,662 9,331 Mexico .-----------------------------------do-------------2 3,030 1,515 Philippines.-------------------------------do -------------1 1,550 775 Republic of China (Formosa)-----------------do --------------1 2,550 1,275 United Kingdom-------------------------do .--------------7 25,324 12,662 United States-------------------------Dredge_--------------3 3,307 1,654 Total--------------------------------------------------5 97 220,411 $110,206

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Table 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic' by Type of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968 Laden Ballast Type of Vessel CARGO AND CARGO PASSENGER SHIPS: Atlantic to Pacific to Atlantic to Pacific to Grand Combination carriers: Pacific Atlanic Total Pacific Atlantic Total Total Number of transits.----.------. --.------------67 25 92 3 19 22 114 Panama Canal net tonnage---------------1,506,146 296,211 1,802,357 113,475 349,945 463,420 2,265,777 Tolls.-.-.----.-----.--------.------..$1,355,531 6266,590 $1,622,121 $81,702 $251,960 $333,662 $1,955,783 Cargo (long tons) --.-.---------..-..------.---.-------------------2,626,075 523,327 3,149,402 ----. .---.-----------3,149,402 Container cargo ships: Number of transits.-.---.----------. -------. 30 25 55 --------. ----.--------55 Panama Canal net tonnage.--------.------------225,372 180,030 405,402 -.------. .-.----. ----------405,402 Tolls.--.-.------. ------._ -----.-.-----.-------$202,835 $162,027 $364,862 -. .--..--.---. -------$364,862 Cargo (long tons).----.---.----------. --. -. --------.-. -----135,083 127,484 262,567 ---. --. -----.------------262,567 Dry bulk carriers: Number of transits.-.-------. .------------------.--.---865 629 1,494 6 284 290 1,784 Panama Canal net tonnage.-.-.----------.-. -------. --.------------11,678,073 7,155,799 18,833,872 106,813 4,346,394 4,453,207 23,287,079 !j Tolls.--. -----.-.-.-----.-.-.--.--.---.--------------$10,510,266 $6,440,219 $16,950,485 $76,905 $3,129,404 $3,206,309 $20,156,794 Cargo (long tons).-...----.._-.-.-.---.--.-.---------------21,560,530 12,333,781 33,894,311 ---. ----.-. ------. 33,894,311 Z General cargo ships: Number of transits.--.-.-..------. -. -.--------------------3,377 3,071 6,448 163 236 399 6,847 Z Panama Canal net tonnage.---.-------. ..--.---.---------. 21,136,972 18,867,356 40,004,328 664,082 1,531,014 2,195,096 42,199,424 Tolls---.--.--.---.-.----.----..--------------.--.----------------$19,023,275 $16,980,620 $36,003,895 $478,139 $1,102,330 $1,580,469 $37,584,364 Cargo (long tons) ------..-.-----.-.--.--------------------.20,330,875 16,850,347 37,181,222 --. --. -.--.--.--.-. 37,181,222 > Ore ships: Number of transit. -_-------.--.--------------------------10 6 16 .--------1 1 17 Panama Canal net tonnage .--------------.---.-----..-----------145,686 84,227 229,913 .---.11,989 11,989 241,902 Tolls.--------. --. -. ---.-. --. -------.---------.-------------------$131 ,118 $75,804 $206,922 .-.--$8,632 $8,632 $215,554 5 Cargo (long tons).-.-.--.-.-.---..-------.----.--------------261,621 167,094 428,715 -.---. ---.----.428,715 0 Passenger ships:2 z Number of transits --------.---.---.-.---.-.---.------------142 165 307 1 ------1 308 Pq Panama Canal net tonnage.-.-.-.-.-.---.----------.---. -. ------1,438,448 1,770,395 3,208,843 1,009 .-------1,009 3,209,852 Tolls ---..--.-----------.-----.---.------------------------------$1,294,603 $1,593,356 $2,887,959 $726 --.-----.$726 $2,888,685 > Cargo (long tons).--.--------.---.------.----.---.--------------. 292,511 536,779 829,290 -. --..-.------------. 829,290 Z Refrigerated cargo ships: 0 Number of transits.-.---.-.---.---..----.----.--------------332 974 1,306 493 27 520 1,826 Panama Canal net tonnage.-.--.--.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-----------------. .1,113,639 3,597,749 4,711,388 1,521,507 62,541 1,584,048 6,295,436 Tolls.-.-.---...--...-..-.-----.-.---------------. $1,002,275 $3,237,974 $4,240,249 $1,095,485 $45,030 $1,140,515 $5,380,764 > Cargo (long tons) .-.-.---.--------------.-----.--. ..---. .461,581 2,234,810 2,696,391 -..----------2,696,391 Tank ships: Number of transits..-.-.-..-.-.-.-.---..--.-----------976 156 1,132 27 871 898 2,030 Panama Canal net tonnage..--.-.-.-.-.-.---------. ---.---. 8,553,591 1,537,092 10,090,683 192,542 7,814,802 8,007,344 18,098,027 Tolls.-------.-----.-. --.--.----..$7,698,232 $1,383,383 $9,081,615 $138,630 $5,626,657 $5,765,287 $14,846,902 Cargo (long tons).-.------.--...---. ..15,598,525 2,343,217 17,941,742 ----.-----.------. 17,941,742 OTHER TyPE SHIPs: Naval vessels: Number of transits.----------------------.-.--.--.-.--. -.-. -. -. ---.--. .---.-. .--.-----.-------. 29 22 51 51 Displacement tonnage ---------.-------.-------.--.---------.-. ---.--------------127,245 78,114 205,359 205,359 Tolls--..-...-----------.---.-.--.--.-----------.----. .-.-. ----------..---. $63,623 $39,057 $102,680 $102,680 i

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Other type vessels: Number of transits------.-------------------.---------------------------.-------------.------------5 1 6 6 > Displacement tonnage----.--------.----.------.--------------------------------. ----------------. 14,071 981 15,052 15,052 4 Tolls__-.-.-.---.-_-----.------------.------------------------------------.------.--.-.--$7,036 $490 $7,526 $7,526 > Tugs, yachts, etc.: Number of tranmits--------------65 29 94 22 45 67 161 0 Panama Canal net tonnage.---.----.-------------------188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 494,944 > Tolls----------------------------------------------------. $169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $25,360 $107,848 $133,208 $403,148 2 Cargo (long tons)-------.--.---------.--.-----.-----93,318 73,207 166,525 -.-.-------.------166,525 > Suensany: Total cargo and cargo passenger ships: Number of transits-.-.--------------------.-------------------------5,799 5,051 10,850 693 1,438 2,131 12,981 n Panama Canal net tonnage-------------------------.--------.----------45,797,927 33,488,859 79,286,786 2,599,428 14,116,685 16,716,113 96,002,899 0 Tolls-------------------.-----$41,218,135 $30,139,973 $71,358,108 $1,871,587 $10,164,013 $12,035,600 $83,393,708 Cargo (long tons)--------------------------------------.--------61,266,801 35,116,839 96,383,640 -------. --------------96,383,640 e Total other type ships: Number of transits --.---.-.------------65 29 94 56 68 124 218 Z Panama Canal net tonnage. -------------188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 484,944 04 Displacement tonnage ---------. -. ----.----. .---.-----.--.------.-. 141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411 Tolls----.--------.-----.---. .---------------------$169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $96,019 $147,395 $243,414 $513,354 Cargo (long tons)------------------------.----.----.---.----93,318 73,207 166,525 -.---.--. ---------------166,525 Grand total ships: Number of transits.-. ---.-----.------------.----. ---.--.-----------5,864 5,080 10,944 749 1,506 2,255 13,199 Panama Canal net tonnage------.---. --.-----.-------.-------45,986,221 33,600,498 79,586,719 2,634,650 14,266,474 16,901,124 96,487,843 Displacement tonnage_---------.----.----------. -----------------. --------------.----.---.----141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411 Tolls.-----.-.-.-----------.-----.---.----------------$41,387,600 $30,240,448 $71,628,048 $1,967,606 $10,311,408 $12,279,014 $83,907,062 Cargo (long tons)----.----.-----.----------.------.---.-------61,360,119 35,190,046 96,550,165 ---------------96,550,165 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over (Panama Canal measurement) for vessels paying tolls on net tonnage basis, or of 500 displacement tons and over for vessels paying on displacement tonnage. 2 Vessels certificated for more than 12 passengers. 3 Vessels certificated for 12 passengers or less, or without passenger accommodations. 1-3

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48 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 15.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel Fiscal Year 1968 Laden Ballast Number Panama Number Panama of Canal net of Canal net Flag transit tonnage Tolls transit tonnage Tolls Argentina-----------16 93,030 $83,727 1 6,620 $4,766 Belgium -------------__67 311,965 280,768 42 218,643 157,423 Brazil --------------13 78,780 70,902 2 7,956 5,728 Bulgaria-------------_ __ -_7 57,006 51,305 4 36,292 26,130 Burundi ------------2 11,538 10,384 1 5,822 4,192 Canada------------7 7,710 6,939 4 4,288 3,087 Chile--------------105 721,705 649,535 7 54,477 39,223 Colombia ------------_ _196 1,137,036 1,023,332 6 7,279 5,241 Cuba --------------31 219,398 197,458 Cyprus -------------12 77,161 69,445 9 57,811 41,624 Czechoslovakia------7 96,483 86,835 Denmark ------------407 2,641,188 2,377,069 27 129,045 92,912 East Germany -------7 35,824 32,242 6 27,856 20,056 Ecuador ------------95 268,106 241,295 63 53,354 38,415 Finland------------33 236,872 213,185 5 40,608 29,238 France --------------152 979,615 881,653 27 121,094 87,188 Greece ---------------374 3,017,008 2,715,307 70 704,755 507,424 Honduras -----------114 180,443 162,399 85 89,325 64,314 India --------------20 257,103 231,393 11 165,501 119,161 Indonesia -----------3 12,140 10,926 2 4,976 3,583 Ireland-------------20 62,126 55,913 Israel---------------95 560,755 504,680 18 87,041 62,669 Italy ----------------222 1,808,450 1,627,605 30 245,793 176,971 Japan --------------977 7,089,197 6,380,277 51 611,856 440,536 Lebanon------------3 17,195 15,476 2 11,961 8,612 Liberia -------------1,192 12,381,930 11,143,737 351 4,047,933 2,914,512 Mexico -------------36 135,948 122,353 20 136,826 98,515 Netherlands----------384 1,922,973 1,730,676 85 365,745 263,336 Nicaragua ----------70 173,122 155,810 4 10,118 7,285 Norway------------1,272 11,626,150 10,463,535 226 2,323,423 1,672,865 Panama ------------319 1,699,008 1,529,107 200 1,003,908 722,814 Peru ----------------_ _163 687,227 618,504 7 60,898 43,847 Philippines-----------_ __93 641,142 577,028 Poland ---------------36 276,561 248,905 Republica of China (Formosa) ---------_ __99 664,225 597,803 7 55,990 40,313 Rumania-----------2 15,044 13,540 Somalia------------1 5,004 4,504 South Korea ----------__ _31 173,768 156,391 9 46,063 33,165 Spain ----------------_ __21 84,962 76,466 3 10,676 7,687 Sweden ------------403 2,842,400 2,558,160 63 551,675 397,206 Switzerland ---------43 130,916 117,824 31 48,429 34,869 Thailand-----------5 37,451 33,706 United Kingdom ------1,243 9,938,891 8,945,002 203 1,419,521 1,022,055 United States---------1,368 10,031,537 9,028,383 276 2,977,315 2,143,667 U.S.S.R.-------------80 390,634 351,571 18 44,653 32,150 Venezuela----------1 937 843 1 937 675 West Germany-------1,064 5,478,017 4,930,215 215 1,046,970 753,818 Yugoslavia-----------33 271,038 243,934 6 57,691 41,537 Total FY 1968 -----10,944 79,586,719 $71,628,047 2,198 16,901,124 $12,168,809 FY 1967 -----10,314 72,965,092 65,668,583 2,025 15,301,251 11,016,901 FY 1966 -----10,009 67,604,720 60,844,248 1,850 11,308,104 8,141,835 NoTE.-Above table involves only commercial vessels of 300 net tons or over, Panama Canal measurement.

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Table 16.-Frequency of Transits' of Vessels Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Year 1968 Number of vessels making indicated number of transit Flag 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 18 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 28 24 25 26 28 80 51 0 Argentina---.----------------2 1 3 1 -----------------------------Australia -------------------2 ----------------------------Belgium----------------------5 4 -------1 1 1 3 --------------Brazil-----------------------4 4 1 -------------------------Bulgaria.--------------------1 2 ----. --I --------------------------Burundi---------.-----------1 I ------------------------Canada----------------------6 ----2 -. --------------------------Chile--------------.--------2 2 --3 1 --1 3 ----5 ----------------Colombia-------------------2 2 1 1 ----2 3------3 2 --3 --2 ------------Cuba------------------------7 3 2 3 --------------------------------Cyprus.-----------------------9 3 2 ---------------------------Czechoslovakia-------------2 --. .---I --------------------Denmark---------------43 26 22 14 10 13 1 4 2 1 2 .-----.------------------East Germany ------------2 1 --. --------I -----------------------Ecuador ----3 1 1 ------I -----1 --I ----I ------------Finland-~ ---5 3 1 --1 2 1 --------------------------------France-----------------------33 19 7 10 4 5 2 1 ---------------------------Greece------.-----.------.98 46 21 13 10 8 2 ---.--I --------I --------------------Honduras-----------------2 1 .-2 --1 --. 1 1 ----2 --1 -----------------India.---.---------------20 3 -.--I -----------------------------------Indonesia------1 ----1 ----------------------------------------~--> Ireland--.-----------------4 3 .-.-----.----I --------------------------------------Israel----------------------4 14 12 3 1 -. I --. --I I ------------------------------------Italy--------------------25 19 10 13 4 8 1 -. -1 2 ..--------------------------Japan--------------87 198 36 47 23 28 14 9 --1 2---------Jebanon_-----.------. -.---87 ----47--2---4 --------. .------------------------------Liberia ------184 131 58 63 41 --------------Mexico.----.-------12 3 4 2 -. .--. I --I -----------------------Netherlands------------39 52 15 8 5 4 2 6 --------1 ------1 2 -------Nicaragua ------1------------1 -------Norway ------------144 122 77 68 32 24--7 1 -2 1 2 2 ---1 I--1-------------------Panama------------------25 27 7 6 4 6 2 3 1 2 2 1 2 1 .1 --2 -. ------------H Peru-.---------------5 --1 2 1 4 4 --1 4 1 --1 ----------------------Philippines--------.-.--.--3 ---3 6 7 1 ---------------------------------------Poland_-----------.----4 2 3 ----2 1 ------------------------------Republic of China (Formosa).--. 17 8 6 2 6 3 ------------------------------Rumania----.--------.--2 -..------------------------------------Somalia-------.-.------.1 --------------------------------------------South Korea.---.--.--3 4 1 5 .-I --. -----------------------------------Spain--------------.-----7 3 1 2 .-.-----------------------------------H Sweden.-----------------43 27 16 14 9 9 8 7 1 1 1 2 -------------------------Switzerland---------.--.-. 2 4 --1 -.-------------------------------1 --------------Thailand-------------------I ----------------------------------------------United Kingdom-------207 137 80 50 25 19 8 5 3 1 --1 --1 --2 1 ---------------United States------.---154 85 36 26 17 20 15 9 8 4 2 9 6 6 3 4 3 2 ------1 1 -----U.S.S.R.--.-.--_.-..------67 14 1 ------------------------------------------------, Went Germany---------62 7833 36 ---2915 4 7 4 --1 2 95 2 2-3 -----1------0 Yugoslavia-----------10 7 2 1 1 ----------------------------------Total, fiscal year-> 1968-----1,361 977 460 403 219 200 101 76 27 33 25 23 15 15 8 16 8 8 6 5 2 3 1 1 2 1 --1967 ---1,009 854 355 360 202 230 122 93 20 31 24 16 29 16 3 10 11 10 3 6 3 4 1 .--4 2 .1 1966 ---1,052 858 372 357 185 218 105 55 28 32 19 18 8 7 6 8 14 11 9 9 5 4 1 2 --2 1.--

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Number of vessels making indicated number of transits Total Total Transits Flag 88 88 84 85 87 38 39 40 42 43 47 48 49 51 52 65 90 95 106 111 119 126 ships transits per ship Argentina --------------------.-. -------. -.-...-..-. -. .---. --.--. .---7 17 2.43 Australia--------------------. .-. .---..------. ---. --------. --. ---.-.-. ---.--2 2 1.00 Belgium.------------------------.---. ------. -. --. .-. -. .----. --. .--. -. --.-. -. .-. 17 109 6.41 Brazil------------------------. -. .---. --_-. ..------. -. .-. ----.-. .-. ---9 15 1.67 Bulgaria-----------------------. --. -. -. -. -. -. -. ----. --.-----.----. -.----4 11 2.75 Burundi------------------------.----.-. ---.--. -----------..--.-----2 3 1.50 Canada.---. ------.-. ---..-.--. --. -. .-. ..--. -------.----. ----------8 14 1.75 Chile -.------.--------------.-------------------.-----17 114 6.71 Colombia--------------------. .--.------.---.-. --.--------.-.--. -.-21 202 9.62 Cuba.-----------------------. --. .--.---. --. ---. .-. ---. ---. --. ---------15 31 2.07 Cyprus.--. ----.-.---. --.-. ---. --..--. -----. ---------. .----------14 21 1.50 Czechoslovakia.-.-----.-....-..---. -------.-.-..-..--------..---.-. 3 7 2.33 Denmark--------------------. ..-----.-. .--.------------. --------. .--138 434 3.14 East Germany.----------------. .-.------. -. .-. --.------.--. .-----.---.4 13 3.25 Ecuador.-.-.-.-.-.--.----. --------------..----.-....----.-1 ------10 161 16.10 Finland.--------------------. .----------. ---. -------------------.-----. 13 38 2.92 France.-.------..-.-------. --. .-.-. --. .--. --.------.--.---.--.-81 204 2.52 Greece.----.-.-.---.-..--.-. --. .-. ..-. .-. --. ..----. .--------..---.---200 444 2.22 Honduras.--.---.-------. -. --..--.--. .------------.---------. -.1 12 199 16.58 India.-----------------------. --..--...-.---. --. ---. ----. -----. .--. .--24 31 1.29 Indonesia-----. ---------. ----------. ----.-.-.--. -.-.----------------------2 5 2.50 Ireland.----.-.-. ----.----.---.---.--.-.--------.--_ --------_-------------8 20 2.50 Israel.------------------------. .-. --. --. .---. -..-. --. .---------. .--. -. ----.--. 37 113 3.05 Italy.-------------------------.--. -...-_ --_--.--.----..--_ --. -------------83 252 3.04 Japan-----------------------. ...-. .--. .---.--. -. -_-. -. -. .--.---. --.-. .347 1,036 2.99 Lebanon..-.---.-.----------.-.-.-.-.-.---_ -------._ __-----. --. ----------------5 5 1.00 Liberia.--.--.-----.-.--.------..----.----.--.--. --I ---. --.-1---1 528 1,543 2.92 Mexico.--.----.-.-.-. .-.-.--.-. .--. .-. --.-. .------. .----. ---. ------23 58 2.52 Netherlands -------------------1---. ..--. ...--. ....----..-----.-.--137 469 3.42 Nicaragua --------------------.-. .-. -. .-. .-.-. -----------.------.--. ..--4 74 18.50 Norway.-----------------------. .-. ---. -. .-.--.-. ---. .-. ...-.-. --. -----8 500 1,498 3.00 Panama.----.--.--.---.---. --. .----. .---. .-.-----1 .----. 1 .-----94 519 5.52 Peru -..---.-..-......---.-.-.-.-.-----. -.-.-.-..--.--. -24 170 7.08 Philippines.----.---.-._-. .-.--.--. -----. ---. ---. .---. --.--. ..------20 94 4.70 Poland -----------------------. -. ..--.-. .-. --..-..-.-.-----.----. -12 36 3.00 Republic of China (Formosa) -.--.---.-.-------.-----. --.-------. --------42 107 2.55 Rumania.--------------------. -.....--.---.-. -. ...--. ----. --------2 2 1.00 Somalia.--.-.--.--.----. .-. ---..-. .--. .-----. ---.-.---. .-------1 1 1.00 South Korea.-.-.--.-...-.-.---. .---.-.--.---. .-.-. -------.-.----14 40 2.86 Spain.-.-.-----.------..13 24 1.85 Sweden.-.--. --.-.-.-.----.---------. --------.--.-------128 408 3.38 Switzerland..-.-...-. .------I -..-. ---. ----.-------. ---..---9 74 8.22 Thailand---------------------.-.-.--. ------.-------_ -.--_.-.-. --. --.----2 5 2.50 United Kingdom.--..-...--.--.--1 1 .-..----.---..---.-542 1,453 2.68 United States.-.-..-.--I -------. ---------. ----. -----------.--414 1,647 3.98 U.S.S.R...-..-.----.-..--..----.-.---..--..-------..-.----.-----. --82 98 1.20 Venezuela.--------------------. --.-. ..--. ---. -------. -----. .----------__ 1 2 1.00 West Germany.---------------. .--. -. -. .----. ..-. -..--.---. .----. -. --. ..-300 1,279 4.26 Yugoslavia.-------------------. --. -.-. --. --. .-.--. -.--. ---. .----.-.-. -------21 39 1.86 Total fiscal year1968 ....1 ..-.-1 .1 1-.--.1 1 l .1 ---. ---1 4,006 13,199 3.29 1967.-.-.----. 3 .2 ..-..1 2 --. -..--. ---..3,430 12,412 3.62 1966.-.---I 1 1 2 1 .2 -.---2 1 ---.--I 1 -. 3,399 11,925 3.51 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges warships. etc.).

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Table 17-Segregation of Transits1 by Registered Gross Tonnage-Fiscal Year 1968 Average grosa 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 80,000 40,000 Registered tonnage per vessel Under to to to to to to to to and gross Nationality 1,000 8,999 5,999 7,999 9,999 14,000 19,999 29,999 89,999 over Tota2 tonnage 1968 1967 Argentina.---.-. .-----1 13 3 ------------17 130,953 7,703 6,933 Belgium.-..-.-.-.-----12 2 86 .--.-. .----5 3 1 --------------109 600,511 5,509 7,646 Brazil--.----------12 -.---.----. ..-----2 ----..----14 102,923 7,352 --.----Bulgaria.-----.-. -.-.---.-.-----. -----5 6 --.--t 11 117,322 10,666 9,364 Burundi ---..-.--.--. .-------. ----1 2 -.--.--..-.-.---------. -------3 24,225 8,075 7,909 Canada.-.--.------10 1 .--.--------..--.--.-.-.-. .------. -------11 16,914 1,538 -.--.-. Chile -.-.-.------.-. 5 2 17 .--. 15 60 ----------------------------99 864,063 8,728 9,182 Colombia .-.-.-.--.-----17 7 104 -.--. .-----72 ----.--.--. -------_-.-200 1,409,178 7,046 6,569 Cuba.--------------.-.t. .---.-. -.------.-. .-.-. 31 ----.---------.-.-. .-.-------31 294,698 9,506 8,670 Cyprus..-.-.----.---.----.---.2 .-. a 7 6 ----------------------------21 174,359 8,303 7,438 Czechoslovakia-------.----. -.-------.----. -. -------1 5 1 --. -------7 118,969 16,996 24,344 Denmark.---.-.-----.-. 15 35 160 109 46 48 6 15 .--.-. .-.----434 3,042,369 7,010 7,516 East Germany -. .-.-------o 10 .--.3 ------. -.-.--. -.-.-----13 76,618 5,894 5,180 Ecuador--.-.-.-.-.-.------122 -.---t 16 7 -.---. 13 ----------------------------158 436,652 2,764 4,848 Finland.---.-.-.---.-.-----.----2 21 8 7 ----.-.---.-. .------38 310,323 8,166 6,289 France-.-----1 5 54 38 42 22 .t.o-. 10 -.-.--2 174 1,497,380 8,606 6,559 Greece.-.-.-.-.-..------.-. 14 33 24 57 97 131 69 18 1 ------444 4,750,961 10,700 10,375 enj Honduras.-.-.-.-.-----132 30 6 31 --. ----------------199 439,230 2,207 2,231 India..-.-.---. ---.-. 1 7 1 2 20 -----.31 555,304 17,913 19,083 Z Indonesia.---.-.----. -----4 ---.1 -.---. .---.------5 20,401 4,080 7,230 > Ireland.--.-.-.-.-----12 ------1 2 3 2 -----. .----. .---.------20 88,569 4,428 7,147 Z Israel-.-.---18 4 39 17 16 12 3 1 3 -.---. 113 796,884 7,052 6,782 n Italy.-.-.-.-.------1 7 10 42 62 93 29 8 --------------252 2,716,270 10,779 10,614 Japan.----.-.------60 27 6 165 551 147 1 23 45 3 1,028 10,333,112 10,052 10,044 > Lebanon--.----. -.-.-. ----.-----3 2 --------------.-. .--.5 40,287 8,057 7,235 Liberia.-.-.------124 23 47 147 172 478 294 211 44 3 1,543 20,686,349 13,407 12,550 Mexico--.--.-.-..-----22 7 1 3 .22 ---.---.--.--.--55 349,307 6,351 7,008 Netherlands.-.----181 12 14 96 56 82 7 20 1 ----.-. 469 3,014,627 6,428 5,820 Nicaragua.--------.----. .-. 74 ----. .-.--. .-.---.-. -.-.-------.--_---74 181,274 2,450 2,444 0 Norway -.-.---.-.-----54 57 157 157 182 499 212 153 16 11 1,498 18,209,218 12,156 10,9906 Panama.-.--.-.-----278 33 17 16 20 42 85 20 ---------. 517 3,457,344 6,687 6,540 H] Peru-----45 19 23 46 26 11 .----. .-. --.--170 943,621 5,551 5.563 Phttippines-.-..---. ..-------77 16 --. ----. --.-..------93 923,548 9,931 10,348 > Poland -.---.--. -.-.------24 1 .-1 10 -------. ----36 314,607 8,739 7,313 Z Republic of China (Formosa).---..-1 8 36 35 26 -----. --106 936,315 8,833 8,752 0 Rumania.--.-.-. ----. -.--. .-. .---------.-1 1 -.-.---.-.-.------2 27,472 13,736 -Somalia.....---------------. .--.--5,050.I ---.-_-.-.---.-----.--. -.----.--. -.-.1 5,059 5,059 -South Korea------.-.--.-.-3 -.-. -.----25 12 ------. .----..--40 281,317 7,033 6,751 Spain.---.----.--3 7 9 2 2. .1 -------.-----.----24 116,458 4,852 4,774 Sweden.----.--.-3 3 53 131 143 61 51 21 -. -.----466 4,596,629 9,864 9,926 Switzerland -.--.-.-----60 -.-.-. .-.----1 13 .---.-. -----. .-------74 215,839 2,917 4,037 Thailand.------------.-.-. -.-.-.-. .-.-.5 --.-.-. ---.--.---.-. -------5 45,557 9,111 United Kingdom.----115 20 47 283 287 478 94 111 1 10 1,446 15,229,562 10,532 10,220 United States---.---. 161 52 67 318 423 411 133 63 --.-.----1,628 15,390,565 9,454 9,833 U.S.S.R.--.-.--.-----2 29 12 17 28 10 .--.--. ..-----.--98 629,746 6,426 7,866 Venezuela---.-2---. .-. .-.---.----2 2,870 1,435 1,012 West Germany --.-.-----125 519 190 251 62 56 68 8 .----.----1,279 6,963,546 5,445 5,265 Yugoslavia--.--.--.---. 1 .--2 5 9 16 3 3 ----.--.----39 418,874 10,740 12,229 > Total fiscal year 1968----.1,598 1,015 1,220 2,049 2,452 2,836 1,077 715 111 29 13,102 121,898,179 9,304 9,093 > Percent of total.---.-. 12.2 7.8 9.3 15.6 18.7 21.7 8.2 5.5 .08 .02 100.0 I Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement. 2 Excludes 57 vessels paying tolls on displacement tonnage basis and 40 transit where no registered gross tonnage was reported.

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Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal [Thousands of long tons] Atlantic to Pacific Comot Pacific to Atlantic 1966 1967 1968 1968 1967 1966 293 269 365 Canned and Refrigerated Foods-----------------------------------------3,439 3,463 3,407 211 189 183 Canned Foods ----------------------------------------------------710 795 827 12 12 11 Fish --------------------------------------------------------139 103 97 5 7 8 Fruit -------------------------------------------------------443 534 532 125 100 87 Milk -------------------------------------------------------48 48 48 69 70 77 Other and unclassified -------------------------------------------80 110 150 82 80 182 Refrigerated Foods ---------------------------2729 2,668 2,580 11 Bananas ----------------------------------------------------1330 1,364 1,314 17 24 33 Dairy products -----------------------------------------------328 306 279 29 23 96 Fish -------------------------------------------------------142 126 104 5 5 6 Fruit, excluding bananas -----------------------------------------205 226 300 3 30 25 28 Meat ------------------------------------------------------709 635 573 Z 1 3 8 Other and unclassified --------------15 11 10 1,118 1,261 1,340 Chemicals and Petroleum Chemicals ----------------------356 463 413 Q N.A. N.A. 230 Caustic soda -----------------------------------------------------11 N.A. N.A. > 841 1,016 748 Chemicals, unclassified ----------------------------------------------193 330 240 277 245 362 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -----------------------------------152 133 173 6,900 9,077 13,143 Coal and Coke -------------------------------------------------------51 279 250 6,763 7,063 8,347 Grains ------------------------------------------------------------1509 1,356 2,784 15 17 26 Barley ----------------------------------------------------------407 532 680 2,696 2,651 2,831 Corn -----------------------------------------------------------124 146 285 > 486 524 848 Rice ----------------------------------------------------------234 123 127 Z 522 509 1,159 Sorghum ------------------------------------------------------------95 ____ 0 2,119 1,977 2,495 Soybeans -------------------------------------------------------23 18 20 En 812 1,328 917 Wheat -------------------------------------------------------692 365 1,441 1 113 57 71 Other and urnclassified ----------------------------------------------29 77 231 )_3 167 202 218 Lumber and Products -------------------------------------------------5814 5,096 5,368 N.A. N.A. 13 Boards and planks -,---------------2350 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 16 Plywood, veneers, composition board ------------------------------------659 N.A. N.A. > 115 151 143 Pulpwood--------------------------------------------------------973 707 594 52 51 46 Other and unclassified--------------------------------------------1,832 4,389 4,774 1,088 1,170 1,166 Machinery and Equipment -----------------------------------------------398 266 259 > 87 78 131 Agricultural machinery and implements ----------------------------------15 3 2 > 452 487 543 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts --------------------------------112 64 52 N.A. N.A. 148 Construction machinery and equipment ----------------------------------31 N.A. N.A.

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95 87 113 Electrical machinery and apparatus _------------------------------------143 104 70 454 518 231 Other and unclassified---------------------------------------------97 95 135 Z 1,896 2,017 1,839 Manufactures of Iron and Steel-----------------------------------------4,149 3,234 3,239 N.A. N.A. 300 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------------------------------------180 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 48 Nails, tacks, and spikes _---------------------------------------------96 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 377 Plates, sheets, and coils -------------------------------------------1,552 N.A. N.A. > N.A. N.A. 167 Tubes, pipes, and fittings ------------__ --------------------------------244 N.A. N.A. Z N.A. N.A. 163 Wire, bars, and rods _____-_-_-_-_._-----_ 314 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 784 Other and unclassified--------------------------------------------1,763 NA. N.A. 989 1,304 1,021 Minerals, miscellaneous-------------------------------------------------975 644 601 n 132 174 179 Asbestos-----------------------------_ _--------29 23 20 t 1 6 Borax-_-------------------------------------------------------354 289 276 7 7 6 Infusorial earth____________-----------------------------------65 63 61 Z 164 197 274 Salt--------------------------------------------------------315 82 -168 287 97 Soda and sodium compounds-----------------------------------------17 16 6 518 638 459 Sulfur -----------------------------------------------------------195 171 238 4,415 4,235 5,177 Nitrates, Phosphates, and Potash-----------------------------------------2,906 2,465 2,310 305 184 244 Ammonium compounds___-------------------------------------------5 3 27 1 11 7 Fishmeal------------------------------------------------------1,700 1,287 1,075 16 12 17 Nitrate of soda---------------------------------------------------442 597 715 3,639 3,469 4,228 Phosphates------__------------------------------------------------102 123 200 127 84 125 Potash-------------------------------------------------------644 439 276 327 475 556 Fertilizers, unclassified-----------------------------------------------13 16 17 3,261 5,631 6,968 Ores and Metals--------------------------------------------------6,015 6,541 8,134 1,480 1,464 1,825 Ores---------------------------------------------------------4,708 5,260 6,833 979 1,120 1,350 Alumina/bauxite------__--_________.----------409 136 2 2 12 58 Chrome ---------------------------------------117 174 333 101 75 122 Copper----------------------------------------------------247 170 113 212 48 33 Iron-----------------------------------------------------3078 3,956 5,622 17 23 13 Lead------_-------------------------------------------------125 43 50 85 58 76 Manganese-------------------------------------------------47 35 77 1 -_-Tin_-.--------------------------------------------------------76 101 67 51 73 127 Zinc_--_-------------------------------------------------------212 175 200 33 54 46 Other and unclassified-----------------_-------------------------397 416 369 1,781 4,167 5,143 Metals-------------------------------------------------------1,307 1,335 1,301 30 59 43 Aluminum---------------------------------------------------68 67 132 V 16 22 25 Copper----------------------------------------------------673 720 638

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Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Atlantic to Pacific Pacific to Atlantic 0l 1966 1967 1968 Commodity 1968 1967 1966 98 463 2,084 Iron -------------------------------------------------------48 49 65 4 5 13 Lead -------------------------------------------------------200 205 194 1,452 3,441 2,800 Scrap --------------------------------------------------------25 12 13 153 150 140 Tin, including tinplate --------------------89 73 67 7 7 8 Zinc --------------------------------------------------------127 152 150 21 20 30 Other and unclassified --------------------------------------------77 57 42 1,329 1,665 1,995 Other Agricultural Commodities -----------------------------------------4985 4,829 4,656 19 19 60 Beans, edible -----------------------------------------------------50 46 59 49 47 39 Cocoa and cacao beans ------------------------------50 39 31 92 87 79 Coffee ----------------------------------------------------------468 443 404 7 1---Copra and coconuts ------------------------------------------------207 190 191 3 386 503 586 Cotton, raw -----------------------------------193 250 350 Z 1 2 2 Fruit, dried ---------------------------------------89 93 112 54 110 139 Molasses --------------------------------------------------------423 564 313 14 16 46 Oilseeds --------------------------------------------------------161 330 240 > 2 ---1 Peas, dry ----------------------------------61 43 50 7 6 5 Rubber, raw -----------------------------------------------------149 94 65 30 29 36 Skins and hides ---------------------------------------------------81 53 57 655 834 989 Sugar -----------------------------------------2,735 2,470 2,503 o 13 12 12 Wool, raw---------------------------------318 214 281 z 14,656 16,060 16,101 Petroleum and Products -----------------------------------------------1,657 741 1,071 H 149 110 84 Asphalt ----------------------------------------------------------1 --6 4,874 5,085 5,321 Crude oil--------------------------------------------------------651 265 222 e (1,800 Diesel oil ---------------------------------------41) ) 4,663 (4,465 (2,672 Fuel oil, residual 301) 83) 311 H 2,272 2,968 2,719 Gasoline ---------------------------------------------------------23 28 115 N.A. N.A. 1,131 Jet fuel --------------------------------------------------------------N.A. N.A. 1,324 2,068 1,119 Kerosene ------------------------------------------------------------15 13 H 955 1,089 957 Lubricating oil ----------------------------------------------------124 123 114 0 N.A. N.A. 133 Petroleum coke -----------------------------282 N.A. N.A. 419 275 165 Other and unclassified -------------------------------234 227 290 3,797 4,038 3,680 Miscellaneous ----------------------------------2936 2,825 2,540 t 38 30 39 Bricks and tile ---------------------------------101 60 71 319 277 104 Cement --------------------------------------------------------45 39 24 > 114 141 182 Clay, fire and china ------------------------------------------------15 5 2

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281 260 314 Flour, wheat.----------------------------34 38 35 0 119 105 96 Glass and glassware------------------------------------------------61 38 40 45 57 65 Groceries, miscellaneous --------------------------38 34 23 99 94 98 Liquors and wines -------------------------------------------------51 50 56 Oil, coconut ------------------------------------------------------189 163 152 > 1 6 1 Oil, fish ---------------------------------------------------------249 211 69 n 72 96 95 Oil, vegetable --------------------------------27 21 35 2 Oil, whale -------------------------------------------------------55 22 8 > 507 667 720 Paper and paper products -------------------------------------------306 293 225 r 11 12 10 Porcelainware ---------------------------------------------------107 105 112 n 115 127 182 Resin-------------------------------------------------------22 19 21 91 97 105 Rubber, manufactured ----------------------------47 45 43 64 58 91 Tallow---------------------------------------21 26 31 > 55 61 56 Textiles_-----__-----------------------------241 211 69 Z 67 75 80 Tobacco and manufactures -----------------------25 9 15 1,799 1,875 1,442 All other and unclassified -------------------------1306 1,450 1,390 46,672 53,992 61,360 -----Total--------------------------------------35,190 32,202 35,032 CA'

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Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas CA 00 To W.C. To West Coast United States Canada To West Coast Central America Central EAsT CoAsT NORTH AMERICA: Costa El SalGuateHonMicaAmerica Balboa United States: Alaska Hawaii Mainland Total Canada Rica vador mala duras Mexico ragua Panama (other)2 C.Z.1 Total North Atlantic ports----------61,321 857,581 918,902 -26,814 6,794 88 555 2 15,035 1,627 6,287 10,363 67,562 South Atlantic ports----. -.-2,297 50,069 52,366 27,502 1,498 3,589 ------. -----. -----2,409 -----------876 8,375 Gulf ports.---.---.-.---1,121 40,076 1,975,908 2,027,105 202,274 89,324 67,542 6,854 860 4,104 99,903 26,785 5,615 82,055 383,042 Great Lakes ports-. .-.---.--.-.--------. -.--. ------t 141 1,953 ----. ------. 356 --_-2,487 .--4,937 United States (other)2 ...---. 5,893 50 5,943 ---.-934 1,225 ----.378 ------7,555 329 538 1,827 12,786 Total United States-t-. 1,121 109,587 2,883,608 2,994,316 229,776 118,570 79,291 8,895 1,793 4,106 125,258 28,741 14,927 95,121 476,702 EAST CoAST CANADA---.---------.--..--.--. 23,594 23,594 33 ----------2,253 .----268 --------. 2,521 EAST CoAsT CENTRAL AMERICA: British Honduras ----------------------Costa Rica------------------14,802 --------------------------------14,802 Et Satvador ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Z Guatemala ---------------1,403 --------------2,5 Honduras -----------------3,201 --------------2,140 ----5,341 Mexico .--.------.--.--,988 460----10,449 Q Nicaraga ------------------------------------------------------------1098 41----------1Panama--------------28,825 54,693 t86,83t 22t,459 ---t,479 ----------910 t77,588 ----468,683 647,t1O60 Central America (other---. .----------------------------------------------------------Cristobal, C.Z?1---------------to-------------------1 --74 t-2 tts---328 2,680 -_3,128 Total Central America -20,025 14,603 186,831 221,45920,895 74 101,000 583 180,375 320 470,683 773,930 oz 0 WEsT INDIEs: British West Indies ----113,090 589,905 702,995 327,837 1,894 808 ----.-.----6,238 500 764 91,590 101,794 H aha------------------------French West Indies ---------------------------5 ---------------------------------5,278 55,278 Haiti and Dominican Repic -----2,877 2,877 209 ----------------------------------Netherland West Indies-5---. 143,403 366,566 916,979 1,426,948 3 20,861 33,957 3,862 ----76,378 29,426 16,112 16 152,473 333,085 Puerto Rico.--------.----.-.693 265,359 266,052 10 1,044 -----. --58 ----1,273 7,203 9,588 C West Indies (other)2.----.-. ..103,936 103,936 30 -----. .----. .---------------------------------------Total West Indies---143,403 480,349 1,879,056 2,502,808 328,079 22,765 35,809 3,862 76,378 35,722 16,612 2,053 266,544 459,745 H EURoPE: M Belgium ------221 184,397 184,618 49,908 5,858 62,857 5,957 1,926 38,088 14,233 ------10,343 ------5-. 139,262 Denmark -------130 18,352 18,482 3,036 49 1,002 24 ---. 35 307 ---.--38 --------1,455 n Finland ------------------45 66,596 66,641 589 522 898------------627 --5 ,075 ----3,522 France.-------.---.-.-------35,283 35,283 3,209 .-. 382 1 -.--. ..----.09 73 --.----. 565 Italy.---. .-----.-----. .----80 71,125 71,205 8,695 649 21,816 1,951 .-.45 3,912 -. --65 .------28,438 0 Netherlands.-.-.----.---.--.----37,806 37,806 8,605 12,022 17,707 2,242 1,650 12,648 9,758 10,432 5,455 1,321 73,235 >. Norway--.-----.------------.-67,282 67,282 3,460 .---. .-..-----22 ------.----------22 H Poland..------.-.-.-. ---2,072 2,072 23 69 ---.-I ------9 ------. 13 .----. 92 > Rumania--.--...--------. --. --.-. ..--. -.-----. .-. ----..----------------------------------------Spain-Portugal---.-. --.----19,397 19,397 4,208 366 4,180 ----------. -----. 36 -----. 128 --------. 4,710 Sweden-----.--.----. 44 40,262 40,306 2,171 1,032 545 1,042 9 10 443 --.--.2,076 --.---5,157

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United Kingdom.-.-------131 141,636 141,767 105,587 2,317 5,733 593 112 19,473 1,918 ------2,341 3 32,490 '2 West Germany----------------647 201,787 202,434 23,993 15,392 18,454 4,241 2,914 200 9,002 -3--,257 ---99 5,420 Z Europe (other)2.---.---.107 144,610 144,717 53,415 3,290 11,398 1,446 703 66 5,282 ------. 13,190 209 35,584 > Total-------.-----.1,405 1,030,605 1,032,010 266,499 41,526 144,972 17,498 7,336 70,565 45,636 10,432 40,054 1,533 379,552 > EAST COAST SoUTH AUsEIncA: Argentina-.-------. ---.--72 8,790 8,862 162 ---. .----52 ---.10 ----. -.-.-. ------------62 Brazil --------62,092 62,092 5,673 --------------------------Z Colombia -----------------------924 924 ---16,108 93 ---39 15 4,172 443 618 21,107 42,591 > Guyana--------.-.----4,719 4,719 58,857 --.--.-------. --. ----------------------------------Netherlands Guiana -----------279,802 279,802 3,034 -----------------------------------------------Venezuela ----76,449 334,765 5,411,260 1,822,477 67,948 21,308 508,035 373,918 3,500 301,788-28,138 567,166 1,803,53 South America (other)2.---.---.--. ----662 662 65 ------------------------------------Total South America.---.--. 76,448 334,841 1,768,249 2,179,538 135,739 37,416 508,128 373,970 35 3,525 305,960 443 28,756 588,273 1,846,506 )v AsA (Middle East).-.-------.---. --.----8,563 8,563 366 --. ----.-------. -----------------.-------------AFRICA------.----.---.--.-------. --.---27,645 27,645 15,000 --------.-----.--.--------.----.----------------Grand total.-.----.-.--240,997 940,785 7,808,151 8,989,933 975,492 241,172 768,200 404,299 9,164 255,574 515,412 236,603 86,378 1,422,154 3,938,956 PERCENT OF PAciFic-BoUND CARGo --0.39 1.53 12.73 14.65 1.59 0.39 1.26 0.66 ---0.42 0.84 0.39 0.14 2.32 6.42 See footnotes at end of table. Cl' TD

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Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued 0 To West Coast South America To Oceania South EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA: America British French Nets Oceania United States: Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru (other)2 Total Australia Oceania Oceania Zealand (other)2 Total North Atlantic ports----. ---------------311,309 58,244 68,817 95,846 10,226 544,442 181,297 871 970 24,933 6,361 214,432 South Atlantic ports------.-. -------------51,000 2,026 76,564 9,931 1,194 140,715 41,174 --.-----2,181 6,269 49,624 Gulf ports.-------------. .430,944 85,243 136,241 387,662 35,807 1,075,897 810,926 1,452 1,327 180,801 34,501 1,029,007 Great Lakes ports-------.--.--.----2,377 2,373 182 334 6,314 11,580 32,469 ---.-----1,536 186 34,191 United States (other)2.------.---23,791 8,580 9,297 27,800 6,930 76,398 67,934 .1,128 21,742 100 90,904 Total United States.--.-------. .819,421 156,466 291,101 521,573 60,471 1,849,032 1,133,800 2,323 3,425 231,193 47,417 1,418,158 EAST COAST CANADA -------.---.----14,996 7,879 8,918 36,426 13,356 81.575 213,895 --. 70 27,384 1,306 242,655 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: British Honduras -----------------------------------------Costa Rica--.-.-.-----. ------. .-----------.--. ----.-------.---------Z ElSalvador--. ---.--.--.-------------Guatemala.--------. -.---------. .---------.-.--------Z Honduras------------------------.---------680 -.-----680 672 ---.-.----672 Mexico.---.-.--.------14,227 364 714 8,262 2,908 26,475 143,150 ---31,694 .-.174,844 Nicaragua .-.-.------.---------------------.--.--. .-------Panama.------------.3.--.--.-----------.-.-. 856 2,579 ----3,435 -----------------------Central America (other)2 .-. ----------------------------Cristobal, C.Z.1-----------------------.-. --. -.-. -_.-. ..20 -------. ----20 Total Central America-.--.--------. .14,227 1,900 3,293 8,262 2,908 30,590 143,842 ---31,694 ---175,536 WEST INDICES: British West Indies -.--------24,446 1,480 1,849 7,095 1 34,871 294 -115 2,501 .----2,910 Cuba ..-------------.-. .....------.------French West Indies---.----.-.-. .--------. ---. .-.-----.--4 -.--------251--. 500 Z Haiti and Dominican Republic -------2 1 1 2 6 -.-------------------------------0 Netherland West Indies.-------281,058 3 62,728 272,798 20,998 637,585 -.------60 .---60 Puerto Rico------------------. ---393 13 4 1,980 1,752 4,142 ----------------------West Indies (other) -------------Total West Indies---.----305,897 1,498 64,582 281,874 22,753 676,604 545 -364 2,561 --. 3,470 EUROPE: Belgium-------------. ----83,333 3,594 46,365 93,503 28,454 255,249 ---7,473 35,790 1,753 45,016 Denmark-.-.-----------3,429 262 3,934 1,274 1,331 10,230 -----36 .-.-36 East Germany --------. --------------.-Finland ---------3,780 16,773 3,970 13,644 9,803 47,970 .----. ----.2,323 --.-. 2,323 France--._-.--.-------37,000 347 4,015 20,886 6,947 69,195 1,376 145 184,929 2,034 11,692 200,176 Italy--. --------.------. --10,871 2,202 12,485 13,346 6,457 45,361 5,406 -1,547 8,414 7 15,374 Netherlands.-.-.---.------------27,314 4,658 11,106 81,713 13,839 138,630 627 1,291 10,462 35,968 6,001 54,349 H Norway-----------.---.--------810 532 1,727 16,935 1,639 21,643 -.--. -._.--2,224 --.-. 2,224 >, Poland.--------.-.---------13,240 5,368 1,054 54,980 331 74,973 --------.----28 --. 28 Rumania---.-.----5,033 --.----.--5,033 ---. -.-.-.----------

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Spain-Portugal.--.------.---24,044 22,195 762 4,216 4,213 55,430 .---. ------875 -875 'Z Sweden.---. ..-.-.-. --.-. -----.7,149 1,288 3,256 6,672 6,341 24,706 .-. ---. .---. 6,817 ---6,817 > United Kingdom.--.-.----.-31,917 13,272 13,088 50,777 4,948 114,002 33,128 21,071 1,993 322,962 15,878 395,032 Z U.S.S.R.--.--.--.-.-.-.----------.-.-1,043 --.---25 -.---. 1,068 ---. -...--------West Germany--.---. ---. ----.66,361 18,935 24,036 53,817 31,284 194,433 15,000 1,116 7,595 20,438 4,817 48,966 % Europe (other)2. ...27,641 8,110 20,630 36,278 26,210 118,869 963 3,555 29,420 30,413 7,673 72,024 Total Europe-.----.----.342,965 97,536 146,428 448,066 141,797 1,176,792 56,500 27,178 243,419 468,322 47,821 843,24 C EAST COAST SoUrT AMERICA: Argentina-.----.-.-----16,168 ---15 16,183 -.-.--------Brazil--------.---.-.-. --.--.-----. 2,419 --.-42 .---. 2,461 58 --. ---58 Colombia-.--------.-.--.-.-----------3 2,369 198,622 1,094 191,667 1,273 395,025 .... Guyana--. ---.-.--..---. .1,350 .-.-. .----1,250 .-. 2,600 5,415 ----54i5 Netherlands Guiana--------.-.-. ------5,815 --.-.----.--.---0 Venezuela.-.---------1,726,209 2 622,173 770,826 13,556 3,132,766 1,948 --. .---32,987 ---.-. 34,935 South America (other)----.-. 815 .--978 324 2,117 -.-..---------Total South America ------1,729,928 223,841 623,267 964,763 15,168 3,556,967 7,421 --.-. ----. 32,978 .-40,408 AsiA (Middle East)----------.--.-------10 61 --.-. 71 -----.--926 .--. 926 AFRICA.--------------.--------.----9,842 ---. .--192 .-10,034 ----. .,.-I .-.-4 Grand total ..-.-.--------3,237,276 489,120 1,137,599 2,261,217 256,453 7,381,665 1,556,003 29,501 247,279 795,067 96,544 2,724,394 PERCENT OFePAcFic-BouND CARGO-.-------.-.------5.28 0.80 1.85 3.68 0.42 12.93 2.54 0.04 0.41 1.30 0.15 4.44 See footnotes at end of table.

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Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued to To Aoia Percent of total British PhilipPacificEAST COAST NORT AuMERIcA: East Hong Indo. North pine South South ThaiAsia Grand bound United States: Indies China Formosa Kong nesia Japan Korea Islands Russia Korea Vietnam land (other)2 Total Total cargo North Atlantic ports.----.-----19,560 -----. 126,152 41,201 26,696 14,153,558 ---. 169,095 -t--144,123 131,872 42,184 118,049 14,972,490 16,717,831 27.25 South Atlantic ports.-.---.----.--19,169 ------. 15,854 12,765 573 338,889 --.28,219 .----. 30,566 7,518 14,865 9,037 477,455 756,034 1.23 Gulf ports.-----.--.------. 44,290 --428,439 154,058 169,889 8,964,153 --.---313,750 --.-. 842,344 743,606 86,471 219,980 11,966,980 16,674,305 27.17 Great Lakes ports.-----.--_ 2,626 44 21,809 1,941 132 559,438 -.-.-6,430 ---. 38,335 38,611 9 34,618 703,993 754,701 1.23 United States (other)2-------. 7,012 ---38,449 22,457 15,649 282,588 -.-. 47,613 -----59,441 48,331 33,877 55,420 610,837 796,868 1.30 Total United States.-.8-_-----92,657 44 630,703 232,422 212,939 24,298,626 -----565,107 -t-. t 1114,809 969,938 177,406 437,104 28,731,755 35,699,739 58.18 EAST COAST CANADA-.-.-.----9. 18,250 .-.--. 10,901 16,587 340 526,883 .26,419 1,313 24,246 3 11,003 33,934 669,879 1,020,257 1.66 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Sj British Honduras. ------.-----------2,310 -.---.-.-------. --------202 2,512 2,512 .Costa Rica.--.---------.--------------. .--------------------------------------------------------14,802 0.02 2 El Salvador --.-----.-. ----.---. -. --.-. ..----. -----------------------------------------------------------------Guatemala.--.----------. 4,387 --.---------------------------541 4,928 6,978 0.01 Z Honduras..-.-.-----------. --9,065 ------. ----. -----------------------------9,065 15,758 0.03 fl Mexico.-.---.-. --.-. --.-. --. ---.-------. .---. 78,963 --------. ----445 620 80,028 382,796 0.62 Nicaragua.--------. ---.-. -.--. ..--. .-. ---.------------------------------Panama ------------------------------------------12,584---200 -------------------------12,784 904,638 1.45 r Central America (other)2 -----------1--------10 10 -----Cristobal, C.Z. .--------292 40 71 --------5 408 3,556 0.01 Total Central Amerca-.-.-.---.-292 40 -.-.-107,390 .----200 -------445 1,368 109,735 1,311,250 2.14 0 WEST INDIEs: British West Indies.------------1,507 ------.-. 17 --.--45,665 ------. 5 --. --------.-.-----5 47,199 1,217,606 1.98 Cuba ---------. ----. 11,503 196,189 -.-----181 643,726 100,247 --.--. 68,881 ----.-.------------1,020,727 1,020,727 1.66 > French West Indies --.--. -. -----------------5,206 .----. -.---.------------------5,206 20,984 0.04 z Haiti and Dominican Republic.-.-.-.------. --. -.---25 -.-35,549 -.--.---. --------301 --5 35,880 38,972 0.06 Netherland West Indies----. ---.-.-----I ----. 1,262,164 ----.-. 10,960 ------.--.------------1,273,125 3,670,806 5.98 Puerto Rico--.-.-.-. -.--.-.------. --50 .--. 199 -------. -----------------249 280,031 0.46 West Indies (other)-. .....1,471 .----. --.-. ---------------------------1,471 105,437 0.18 Total West Indies ---.-----.--.13,010 196,189 -----.93 181 1,993,980 100,247 10,965 68,881 --301 10 2,383,857 6,354,563 10.36 EUnorE: Belgium.-.-.-.-.---------.---. ----. 2,146 289 -.-. 57,870 --. 1,304 .----421 --. -2,284 64,314 738,367 1.20 Denmark.---. --.------------------572 ---. -------115 687 33,926 0.06 East Germany--------. ---.-.-. 1,917 .--.-. 907 .--. 375,825 12,395 -.-. 12,283 ---------..---------403,327 403,327 0.66 r Finland---.---.-.-.-----.----------.---.----71,093 .-. .--.--.----.------------71,093 191,338 0.31 France--.--------.-. --.-. .--------12 .--. .----31,014 ---.-. .-------900 ----. --.-40 31,966 340,394 0.55 Italy--.-.----.-.-.-----. 55 ---. 14 97 19 21,748 .-----3 -----.--------978 22,914 191,987 0.32 Netherlands.--.-.--.-.-.---. 1,683 -.-.-1,278 1,505 -452,286 ---.18,259 .-.-480 ---------.-10,513 486,004 798,629 1.30 H Norway.--.-..-.-.-.---.-..-------..-.--. ---. ------18,728 ---.-. ...-----.----.---------.----------18,728 113,359 0.18 Poland.----.-.-.-------.-.-.-.--. -----1,048,451 6,485 --. ----------. --.------------. 1,054,936 1,132,124 1.85 Rumania.----.--.-.-. -.---. ---. 216,322 --.-. -----. -. ----------1 29 216,352 221,385 0.36

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Spain-Portugal-------.------------------.92 17 ---.-43,131 ----.-.---. .-.--.-. --. 43,240 127,860 0.21 Sweden -----.------------------------------------------29,612 -----.------.-. --.--.----.---------29,612 108,769 0.18 > United Kingdom.------11,948 22,721 ----. 103,567 -.-. 2,359 -----2,326 ------1,487 144,408 933,286 1.52 Z U.S.S.R ---------.---.-------------------------------------346,670 ------.-.--2,571 ------. --. 349,241 350,309 0.57 West Germany-----.------------------------3,746 3 ---.-. 335,950 .-163 ---. 510 ---.-.-.-2,026 342,398 867,644 1.41 Europe (other)2_. _.-.-._--9 --.-991 200 --.--153,557 .-----1,644 ----. 1,496 ----1,873 159,770 584,379 0.95 Total Europe-.-------------1,747 1,917 20,227 25,739 19 3,306,396 18,880 23,732 14,854 613 -----1 19,345 3,438,990 7,137,083 11.63 EasT CoAsT SouTo AMERICA: Argentina.-------------28,479 -.-.-.-. ----------221 28,700 53,969 0.09 Brazil.-.----------------------it ------------142,394 -.-. 3 -. -.-------.-362 142,770 213,054 0.35 t Colombia.--------45 6 -----. 401 --. 20 -.--. ------. -----11 483 439,023 0.72 Guyana.----.-----.----------.10,623 -.--.--2,121 -38,253 ---.------------------1 50,998 122,589 0.20 Netherlands Guiana -------------------------984 ---9,786 --------------------------------6,770 295,421 0.48 0 Venezuela -----1,415 --12 -1,132,380 -19,192 5,255 9,543 -34,600 1,202,477 8,004,456 1314 South America (other)2----.------------------------3,965 ---. --. --------.----.-3,966 6,810 0.01 Total South America.------------12,038 -.--56 3,124 ----.1,351,658 ---.--19,215 .---5,255 9,543 --. 35,275 1,436,164 9,195,322 14.99 2 AsIA (Middle East)----------21,718 ------. 10 -.----.-81 21,809 31,735 0.05 AFRICA--------1--15 --.557,290 40 --.55 60 --. .-29 557,490 610,170 0.99 Grand total.----.------------137,703 198,150 662,179 278,020 213,479 32,163,941 119,167 645,648 85,103 1,150,503 979,785 188,855 527,146 37,349,679 61,360,119 PERCENT OF PACiFI-BoUND CARGo---.-----0.23 0.32 1.08 0.45 0.35 52.42 0.19 1.05 0.14 1.88 1.60 0.30 0.86 60.87 100.00 I Includes both local and transshipped cargo. 2Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. Os2

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Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas To E.C. To East Coast United States Canada To East Coast Central America North South Great United Central WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA: Atlantic Atlantic Gulf Lakes States NonAmerica Cristobal United States: ports ports ports ports (other)' Total Canada duras Mexico Panama (other)' C.Z.2 Total Alaska------------9-. .-------.-----86,013 ---. ---.--. 86,013 .------------------------Hawaii_.-.------------174,128 10,212 245,560 --.----9,405 439,305 --.------. ----.-----------165 165 Mainland----. -.-.-. -.--.929,252 22,399 193,536 9 48,634 1,193,830 44,728 6,948 7 6,505 41 135,539 149,040 Total United States------.--.---.--1,103,380 32,611 525,109 9 58,039 1,719,148 44,728 6,948 7 6,505 41 135,704 149,205 WEST COAST CANADA.-.--------. -1,435,279 42,824 170,225 -.--101,583 1,749,911 2,897 --.--. ---. ----.-------410 410 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: z Costa Rica-----.-.--------.----111,006 9,416 82,138 .----. 5,880 208,440 -.-.-. 55 .-1,045 .----. 255 1,355 > ElSalvador--.--.----.30,333 20 43,753 -----.6,300 80,406 --.--------. --------40 40 Z Guatemala-.------347 .-8,622 --.-.-. ---8,969 --. --.--. ---.-------34 34 Honduras--. --. --.--------102 .---. 833 --.-.-------.-. 935 -.-.---52 ---. 465 517 Mexico-.----.----. 196,761 214 10,031 -----63,316 270,322 -.-.79 5,094 ---. 13 666 5,852 > Nicaragua.--.--------.--.--.---20,050 3,950 49,546 ---.---.7,200 80,746 .--. -.--------------822 822 Panama-.---.-.-----.---. 59,595 13,769 111,869 ----. 17,396 202,629 50 .-. .----2 ---.-. 2 Central America (other)'---.--.-.---. 22,389 850 4,235 -----.--. .--27,474 --. .-----.------. ----446 446 t Balboa, C.Z.2.--. _.---10,676 208 4,527 ----. 89 15,500 .----. ---35 --.---11 46 0 Total Central America.---.---.-.451,259 28,427 315,554 ---.-100,181 895,421 50 134 5,129 1,099 13 2,739 9,114 W WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Chile.---------.----.-.-. 1,455,859 41,029 366,186 .--36,771 1,899,845 3,071 ---. 70,788 1,931 ---. 2,909 75,628 > Colombia.--.-----.104,535 33,565 135,783 -.--30,502 304,385 10,766 -.-.-------. 778 48 826 Z Ecuador.--.---.--.----. ..254,837 47,560 190,760 .-.5,130 498,287 201 --. 125 ----1 9 135 0 Peru.-.----.----. --. --------.868,229 104,043 986,609 17,118 82,970 2,058,969 964 233 42,483 ---. -.-423 43,139 South America (other)' -..-----. 28,994 3,566 28,041 ._.-. 6,225 66,826 2,003 -.-2,685 --.----.166 2,851 Total South America.---.----.--.2,712,454 229,763 1,707,379 17,118 161,598 4,828,312 17,005 233 116,081 1,931 779 3,555 122,579 OcEANIA: Australia--..--.----1. 371,583 51,830 185,655 39,831 139,478 788,377 212,412 -.14,439 .---.-5,106 19,545 d British Oceania.---.----11,436 ---.--------25,295 36,731 ---------.----------.---------------French Oceania--. ---------5,653 --.-----. .----5,653 -.-----.-.-.---. -----1 1 > New Zealand------.---96,632 34,806 6,785 -.--16,503 154,726 22,072 -----.-----1,505 1,505 tOceania (other).-.------699 .------. ---699 ---------------30 30 Total Oceania--.---.---486,003 86,636 192,440 39,831 181,276 986,186 234,484 -.14,439 --.--.--.6,642 21,081

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ASIA: British EasT Indies--.-.--.-.-59,897 2,542 39,744 13,994 14,562 130,739 3,428 --.9,033 .-.4 1,309 10,346 China-. -.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-. .-.-.-.--Formosa.----.--. ------. --. 167,830 24,955 54,335 7,774 8,546 263,440 23,824 4 60 -11 514 989 Hong Kong --.-.-------_. 111,084 12,748 13,050 3,407 10,293 150,582 9,116 16 156 --. 71 2,398 2,641 Indonesia.---.--.-.------. 26,031 831 6,116 5,275 1,991 40,244 25 .---. -.----18 18 Japan------. -. ------. 1,707,365 290,246 1,460,571 1,006,054 326,197 4,790,433 127,678 3,953 4,620 22 3,306 25,812 37,713 > North Korea Philippine Islands.-.----.-.--.-------710,781 38,947 240,453 1,159 394,189 1,385,529 13,347 -. --..-. ------451 451 Roania. ---.--.-.-.--.-.--. South Korea -.--.--..-------49,633 20,724 73,297 100 16,618 160,372 194 ---. -----10 238 248 Z Thailand.-.-.------. -.--63,010 1,906 661 500 1,040 67,117 1,236 ---. -.------493 493 > Asia (other)1,.----.-.----..-.--151,243 27,100 50,829 28,578 31,177 288,927 28,893 153 919 ----198 8,191 9,461 Total Asia----.--------.----3,046,874 419,999 1,939,056 1,066,841 804,613 7,277,383 207,741 4,126 14,788 22 3,600 39,424 61,960 C Grand total.----.-.---. 9,235,249 840,260 4,849,763 1,123,799 1,407,290 17,456,361 506,905 11,441 150,444 9,557 4,433 188,474 364,349 PiacENT OF ATI&scsc-BOUND CARGO------.--26.24 2.39 13.78 3.19 4.00 49.60 1.44 0.03 0.43 0.03 0.01 0.54 1.04 'Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. Z 2Includes both local and transshipped cargo. Ca

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Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued To West Indies British Haiti & Netherland West WEST COAST NoRTH AMERICA: West Dominican West Puerto Indies United States: Indies Cuba Republic Indies Rico (other)' Total Alaska --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hawaii--------.-----.-----------------------------------467 ---------309 ----. --__776 Mainland.--. ------.--.-----------------------.--------.------------173,567 ----.--5,254 61,302 220,193 4,398 464,714 Total United States --. --------------------------------174,034 ----5,254 61 t,611 220,193 4,398 465,490 WEST COAST CANADA ----------------33,914 ---------6,776 677 108,242 613 150,222 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica---------------------------.-------------------------------------.------------------------. ---------793 --.-793 ElSalvador.------------------------2------.-.--2------------.-.------------------.---. ---------.--------2 ----.--.--Guatemala-------------------------.----------.---.---------------------------------.------138 ---------139 ------------.138 H onduras----. .--.-----------------.--------.--------------------------------1,526 ---------. ......--..------------. -.-----1,526 Mexico.-------------------.---.---.-----.--.-.------------------1,005 ---. -430 606 286 91 2,418 Nicaragua -----.--------------------.---------.-..---------------1---.--.4.-.-------------.-.--1,142 -. 91----1,142 Panama------------------------.----------------------.------------.-.--.------------------t---.1,058 .----.-.1,058 Central America (other).-.-----------.------------------------194 --.-324 -.-.---2,855 ----3,373 Balboa, C.Z.2.-.-------.--------156 .-95 -t---. 1,571 .-----1,822 Total Central America.---.------------------.---.--------------------2,881 --.-987 608 7,705 91 12,272 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Chile. -----.----.-..-.-.---------------.---------------------------.-----33 1,466 ---.-----1,499 Colombia -------.------------------------------.---------2,234 ---.--_.---.18 .-388 2,640 Ecuador------------------------.6.-. ---.-. --------.-.---.------.---------.------.------.---8 4,263 ---------. 4,271 Peru---------.---------.----.---------.-----------------20,691 ----316 96 10,859 159,806 191,768 South America(other)'-------------..--------------.-----------.-------------------------. 311 40,378 275 40,964 Total South America. .------------.----------. -----.----.-------22,925 .3 -. --316 466 56,966 160,469 241,142 OCEANIA: Australia.-.-.-.-.--------.---.-------------------------------------27,061 --.---.----. --.---------396,962 424,023 BritishOceania.--.---. ----.---------.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------FrenchOceania------------------------------1---------------------------------------------------------------------1------------I I New Zealand----------------------------..-.------.-..-------------31,987 ------.-83 1,791 154 -------34,015 Oceania (other). -.-----------------------------------------------------------------Total Oceania.--------------.-----.--.-----------------------59,048 083 1,791 154 396,963 458,039

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AsTA: 0 British East Indies-----------------------------------------------------------------------187 ----16 ---------76 9 288 > China--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Z ------------------1 ---------Formosa--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1,849 --------79 193 2,850 196 5,167 Hong Kong------------------------------------------------------------------------------6,030 --------279 775 1,227 71 8,382 Indonesia--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Japan --------------------------------------------------49,907 11,109 23,822 8,445 56,809 10,314 151,406 North Korea-------------------------.--------------------------------------------------------68,992 --------.------------------68,992 Pbilippine Islands------------------------------------------------------------218 -888 -------1,108 Rlissia-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------, ------------------------------------Z South Korea---------------------------------------------------------------------39 7,704 3 10 953 1 8,710 Asia (other)' --------------4,589 17,066 575 967 2,869 3,507 29,573 Total Asia ---------------------------------------------------------53,819 290,134 25,662 10,390 76,278 14,098 470,381 Grand total-----------------------------------------------------------------------346,621 290,134 39,078 75,543 469,538 576,632 1,797,546 5 PERCENT OF ATLIANTc-BouND CARGo-------.----------------------------------0.98 0.82 0.12 0.22 1.33 1.64 5.11 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. 2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.

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Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued To Europe WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA: East Irish NetherSpainUnited YugoWest Europe United States: Belgium Denmark Germany France Greece Republic Italy lands Norway Poland Rusia Portugal Sweden Kingdom olavia Germany (other)' Total A laska -----.-.-. -. ---. ..... HH a aii.--ai -.--.--.--.----------.-4-.-------.4--------.---.----------.----------.-...-.....----.---.--. --.-.-._4 Mainland.-.----. 151,962 26,301 3,074 150,614 31,825 5,784 361,390 680,620 15,610 1,054 .-. 62,492 47,891 191,297 7,210 459,549 227,079 2,423,752 Total United States-. 151,962 26,301 3,074 150,618 31,825 5,784 361,390 680,620 15,610 1,054 -.-. 62,492 47,891 191,297 7,210 459,549 227,079 2,423,756 WEST COAST CANADA.--.-. 139,245 5,725 --.-. 83,014 33,516 41,155 382,341 702,732 15,531 34,563 -.-.29,586 7,330 1,688,364 5,737 230,649 361,553 3,761,041 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica.-.-.---471 1,049 .--. 23 -..---400 1,114 --.--1,152 2,597 1 -.--. 1,750 5,103 13,660 El Salvador.--.------. 3,212 12,973 -. 29 .-. ---2,661 4,072 94 8,168 -. 364 234 515 ---. 36,412 13,535 82,269 Guatemala.--.----.-. 1,709 15,040 .-.109 .--2,428 3,211 3,001 .--.-.---2,250 4,532 19,834 .---6,641 7,510 66,265 Honduras.-.-..----513 46 -. 41 -----835 29,057 7 .-.-. ---305 .-.--1,655 .19,694 3,602 55,755 Mexico---..-----. 44,611 -.-. .---8,007 1,498 .28,915 75,664 190 2,549 .-. 3,722 303 2,633 -----. 12,806 13,987 194,885 Nicaragua-.-.---4,650 22,456 -. 74 -.240 2,734 5,431 ---. -.-. -----2,654 1,006 1,555 .---12,450 6,290 59,540 Panama----.-.--.-..-. ----2,335 ----------.---. 9 2,681 707 5,732 Central America (other)'-. 2,157 3,031 ---. 1,864 .--. .----687 9,885 81 .-.-. .---2,194 1,207 1,854 .15,293 7,681 45,934 Balboa, C.Z.2 .-----_. _----_-1,276--.--_-. .1,276 .--. ..-.----4 --. 1,829 .-.-. 3,109 Total Central America.--. 57,323 54,595 ---.10,147 1,498 240 38,660 132,045 3,373 10,717 .12,641 9,879 28,060 .109,556 58,415 527,149 WEST COAST SOuTS AMERICA: Chile..-----. 88,044 1,114 -. 65,476 -----. 508 63,269 242,097 1,138 11,220 --.-. 54,758 40,454 163,805 .133,071 138,747 1,003,701 Colombia.---.------. 3,108 1,123 .--.-. 14,476 -.----2,150 4,584 1,408 6 -.-. 350 19,682 10,643 .41,328 48,363 147,221 Ecuador -..-----. 133,669 480 2,681 5,906 ----. 8,670 102,236 15,691 163 4,762 15,092 1,922 1,134 1,510 3,455 361,709 49,956 709,036 Peru.--.----126,894 16,343 16,250 457,062 7,436 13,475 383,758 378,372 1,321 76,265 10 100,774 29,584 258,568 63,720 421,969 172,233 2,524,034 South America (other)'.-.-. 28,673 318 ---. 9,512 -.-. 1,121 10,245 36,721 345 1,644 -7,609 5,855 6,166 2,100 54,469 14,527 179,305 Total South America.-.-. 380,388 19,378 18,931 552,432 7,436 23,774 561,658 677,465 4,375 93,897 15,102 165,413 96,709 440,692 69,275 1,012,546 423,826 4,563,297 OCEANIA: Australia.--.----5-. 9,416 3 .9,909 -3,486 5,952 36,815 38,514 1,696 ..---11,889 236,518 .--. 23,751 22,325 400,274 British Oceania.---1,100 ..---25,806 5,803 1,668 26,936 45,528 1,380 -.-. 896 6,918 1,614 801,359 .40,813 39,078 998,899 French Oceania.-.---. 12,136 ------636 ---84 5,890 --. .----. -.-. .-. ------228,051 --. 5,934 16,437 269,168 New Zealand.--. 25,716 341 8-. 95,192 --. ----175 322 -.-.----. ---. .--13,101 .263 1,533 136,643 Oceania (other).----299 --. --. 104 -.-.----5 5,831 --. ---. --.-.-----1 17,905 -. 5,206 4,600 33,951 Total Oceania.---. -48,667 344 -. 131,647 5,803 5,154 33,152 94,386 39,894 1,696 896 6,918 13,504 1,296,934 .75,967 83,973 1,838,935

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Asu: British East Indies--------10 ---------. ---. ----. .----189 ------.-------------. -----------100 1,400 1,699 China-.--.-.-.--.-. 3,848 2,985 -----.---.---3,901 -.----------4,914 2,309 17,957 Formosa.--. -.---397 663 --------.-.-. ------2,173 ----..-----2,350 --. 125 207 5,915 Hong Kong.--. --380 -------. ..-------381 ------.-..----. ---1,527 .-.-. 179 269 2,736 Indonesia ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Japan ----87,461 8,281 -22,239 2,123 ,47,919 90,820 863 -1,488 1,280 1,412 119,152 198,494 81,298 567,839 North Korea.------.------. 3,623 ----. .-------. -----3,300 --.-.----.--.-.-. -------.-----500 --.--7,423 Philippine Islands.--157 966 ------. -----. -.-----27,687 -------..------300 .1,375 5,733 36,218 Russia----------.--.--5,065 371 ---.---.-187 --------.----. 10,921 .-.---.--16,544 South Korea----.---140 -------.-----.----548 -.----..----530 ---. 365 .-.-. 1,583 Thailand-._.---926 436 --.-.-. ---.-. --.----282 ---. ---. ---..----------803 17 2,464 Asia (other)'-.--.--.-1,761 2,357 ----. --..---5,233 --. -----------.-.----2,385 33 4,670 2,604 19,043 Total Asia-.----. 95,080 15,688 8,688 22,610 2,123 --.47,919 134,701 863 ---. 1,488 16,280 1,412 137,165 33 121,525 73,837 679,412 Grand total.-.--872,665 122,031 30,693 950,468 82,201 76,107 1,425,120 2,421,949 79,646 141,927 17,486 293,330 176,725 3,782,512 82,255 2,009,792 1,228,683 13,793,590 PERCENr OF ATL.-BouND Coao 2.48 0.35 0.09 2.70 0.23 0.22 4.05 6.90 0.23 0.40 0.04 0.83 0.50 10.75 0.23 5.71 3.49 39.20 I Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. 2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.

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Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued To East Coast South America To Asia (Middle East) South Middle WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA: ArgenColomAmerica East United States: tina Brazil bia Venezuela (other)1 Total Israel Lebanon Syria (other)' Total Alaska. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hawaii----------------------------------------------43 43 ----------------------Mainland .-------t t1,362 t8,t49 t27,026 2,808 160,441 t4,7t3 3,054 49,02t t0,38t 77,t69 Total United States------.-.--1,096 11,362 18,149 127,026 2,851 160,484 14,713 3,054 49,021 10,381 77,169 WEST COAST CANADA-.-----------.-.---781 22,610 11,712 95,276 705 131,084 54,902 722 -----55,624 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: 0.4 Costa Rica --------.----849 3 852 ---------------Z ElSalvador-------------.-.---.--.--. -------1 58 59 ------------------Guatemala--------------203 --.--203 31 .--------.---2 33 Honduras. .--.----------.-.-----.-----------. --.------. ------------------------------------------------------------------Mexico-.-.--.-.---------61,591 7,183 24,365 3,497 96,636 --.------507 ------. .-.-----507 Nicaragua.--------------0---. .--.----. ------------. ..---.1,969 -.-.---1,969 --------------------------> Panama-----------.----779 779 6 -----------.-----.-------6 Central America (other)'--. .----------------.--.--. ---------.---------.---.-----44 ------------------------44 Balboa, C.Z.2 ___.-.-. .-..--. 56 193 --.-.249 --. -----.---------------Total Central America ------.---61,591 7,239 28,359 3,558 100 ,747 81 507 2 590 WEST COAST SoUTH AMERICA: Chile.------------------.-----3,566 7,904 466 10,892 300 23,128 -.5,906 -----.-.--5,906 H Colombia.----------..----------1,663 459 1,915 1,923 78 6,038 229 128 .------------357 > Ecuaodr.-----------.-.----.-.----218 62 ----.----. 150 81 511 419 ------120 539 Z Peru---.--.-.-.---.--3,660 9,586 11,242 29,268 2,609 56,365 2,901 81 18 1,622 4,622 South America (other). .--.-.-.--378 4,601 398 1,074 6,451 ----------------------------Total South America---.-.-9,107 18,389 18,224 42,631 4,142 92,493 3,549 6,115 18 1,742 11,424 OCEANIA: Australia ----. ----. ---. ---------287 7,958 8,245 -------------------British Oceania-------------------------..--. -.-.-----------------------------------FrenchOceania.--------.-.---.---.--.----.---------2,381 -.-.--. 2,381 -------------New Zealand--------------3-.-. --. .-. --.-. --.----.-.--. 596 -.596 ----.----.----------3,105 3,105 Oceania (other).------------------------. -.------------------------------------------Total Oceania-----------.----. --.---------3,264 7,958 11,222 -----.-. ---.---.-----3,105 3,105

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Aso: British East Indies .-----------------3,545 6 3,551 China 42----------------102---144-----------------------------Form osa ..------------------------------42 102 144 ------------------------Hong Kong -------6 19 34 3,897 1,232 5,188-----------Japan --------------------23,932 48,214 16,659 172,955 17,174 278,934 -----14 120 -----134 North Korea---------------Philippine Islands-------------24,710 --24,710-----------Asia (other -----------7 2,107 5,241 4,576 11,931 -----113 113 Total Asia ------23,938 48,240 18,800 210,390 23,090 324,458 _--------14 233 .247 Grand total .-------34,922 162,192 74,124 506,946 42,304 820,488 73,241 10,412 49,272 15,230 148,159 PEacENT OF ATLANTic-BoUND CARGO -.-.---0.10 0.46 0.21 1.44 0.12 2.33 0.21 0.03 0.14 0.04 0.42 I Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. 2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.

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Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued To Africa Percent of WEST CoAsT NORTH AMERICA: South Africa Grand total AtlanticUnited States: Libya Mozambique Africa Tunisia (other)' Total Total bound cargo Alaska.----------------------------.--------.-.-----.--------.----------.----.---------..---------86,013 0.25 Hawaii---.------------------------.---------------.------------------------------------------440,293 1.25 Mainland--.--.---------------.-----14,197 7,623 26,913 13,832 14,071 76,636 4,590,310 13.04 Total United States--.-.-------14,197 7,623 26,913 13,832 14,071 76,636 5,116,616 14.54 WEST COAST CANADA.-----.-----.------.--.-.--.----33,641 139,234 --23,334 196,209 6,047,398 17.18 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica----------------70-----.-----.--.-. -----.-. -.--.--. 70 .-.-----70 225,170 0.64 T El Salvador -------------------------------------------------------------------------162,776 0.47 z Guatemala--------------------------.----.-.-----.---. ---------. .--.---. .------.-.----..----. 75,642 0.21 Honduras-----------------------.-. -----------.-------.-------. ------.-. --.-.---. 4,064 4,064 62,797 0.18 Mexico---------------------.------.--.------.-------.------. -.-------.----.--10,376 10,376 580,996 1.65 Nicaragua--------------------------.-.-.-.---------------. -------.--. ------.----.--. ----------------------. 144,219 0.41 Panama------------------------------.-------.----.------.---. -.--.-------. ----.----210,256 0.60 > Central America (other)'--.--.-.---.---.-.-----.--.-.------987 -------987 78,258 0.22 r Balboa, C.Z.2----------------------------.-.-.-----.--.--.-------.-----. -----.-.-.-----------.-----.-.------20,726 0.06 Total Central America---------.---1,057 -----14,440 15,497 1,560,840 4.44 WEST COAST Sou AMERICA: 0 Chile---------------------.--------.---.-----.--.---.-.-.-.-------.--1,094 1,094 3,013,872 8.56 Colombia------------------.------. ----. ---.-.--. -.--.74 .------. 1,050 1,124 473,357 1.35 Ecuador.------------------60---6-.-----.-------.---------.-------. 696 ---.-----.--.-696 1,213,676 3.44 > Peru------------------70.-----.----.----.---.----.---------------. 70 -------. ---.---70 4,879,931 13.87 Z South America (other).--------------------------2------.----.---------.---.---.--.---.---.----.------. 298,400 0.85 Total South America--------.-..-.-----..--. ----.----.--840 .-----2,144 2,984 9,879,236 28.07 CA OCEANIA: Australia.-.-----.----------.---.----------.---------.-----.----.-.-.---. .--. --..--.--. ---. -. ---.---. 1,852,876 5.27 British Oceania-------------------------.--.-.--------. ----.---.-.----.---.--.--. -----.-1,035,630 2.94 CA French Oceania--------------------------.-. --.---.-.-.-. -----.-----.----.----.---.---. -.---.277,204 0.79 H New Zealand.-----------------------------.---.-----.----.-.-.--.--. ---------.---------. 352,662 1.00 Oceania (other)' --------------------------.-.-.-.--.-.--. ------.--.--------.-. -----.---.--.--. 34,680 0.10 Total Oceania.-----------------------------.----. -.---. -.--------.------.-----.-----. .--------3,553,052 10.10

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ASIA:1C British East Indies---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150,051 0.43 China.-.----.--.--.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130,919 0.37 Formosa-------------.----.----------.---------.------.---------------------------------------------------------299,079 0.85 > HongKong-------.------.---.--.------------------. -----------------------------------------------------------------178,645 0.51 % Indonesia-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40,287 0.11 > Japan.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9,532 9,532 5,963,660 16.95 North Korea.-----.---------.--.------------.--.-----------. -------------------------------------------------------76,415 0.22 0 PhilippineIslands-------. ---------------------------------------------------------------------1,461,361 4.15 > Russia-----------------------------.---------------. ---------------------------------------------------------------100,339 0.29 Z South Korea-----.--.---.----.----.-------------.----------------------------------------------------------171,107 0.48 > Thailand-----.-----------------.------.--------------. ------------------------------------------------------71,210 0.20 f Asia (other)-----------------1,190 -----------600 1,790 389,731 1.11 Total Asia -----------------1,190 -------10,132 11,322 9,032,904 25.67 Grand total---.--.--.--------14,197 41,264 169,234 13,832 64,121 302,648 35,190,046 C PERCENr or ATLANTIc-BOUND CARG-.--.---.---0.04 0.12 0.48 0.04 0.18 0.86 100.00 1 Includes cargo for which a specitc country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated. 'Includes both local and transshipped cargo.

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74 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO: 1968 1967 1966 1965 West Coast United States _---------------2,885 3,189 3,164 3,021 West Coast Canada --------------------230 155 182 36 West Coast Central America -------------382 320 320 306 Balboa, C.Z.---------------------------95 129 69 51 West Coast South America ---------------1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655 Chile -----------------------------819 990 879 773 Colombia -------------------------156 195 213 171 Ecuador --------------------------291 245 170 171 Peru -----------522 627 574 511 Other ------------------------61 50 31 29 Hawaii ------------------------------109 139 164 160 Oceania ----------------------------1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714 Australia ------------------------1,134 1,498 1,514 1,257 New Zealand ---------------------231 432 524 428 Other ----------------------------53 48 21 29 Asia ------------------------------28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612 British East Indies -------------------93 45 41 34 China ------------------------------------------25 Formosa --------------------------631 605 434 611 Hong Kong ------------------------232 158 131 184 India----------------------------55 24 45 55 Indochina ------------------------2 226 639 416 Indonesia ------------------------213 77 21 49 Japan --------------------------24,299 20,105 16,242 14,644 Pakistan -------------------------15 21 24 52 Philippine Islands -------------------565 484 506 432 South Korea ,---------------------115 886 801 805 South Vietnam --------------------970 736 N.A. N.A. Thailand -------------------------177 158 103 96 Other ---------------------------365 385 312 209 Total------------------------35,700 31,927 27,124 24,555 EAsT COAST CANADA TO: West Coast United States --------24 21 32 37 West Coast Canada _------------------------4 13 22 West Coast Central America --------------3 2 21 West Coast South America -----------------82 83 61 37 Oceania -----------------------------243 242 184 260 Australia --------------------------214 210 140 230 New Zealand ----------------------27 30 27 29 Other ---------------------------2 2 17 1 Asia ---------------------------------670 691 399 592 China _--------------------------------93----------Hong Kong -----------------------17 21 16 24 Japan ---------------------------527 448 320 495 Philippine Islands --------------------26 31 24 21 Russia _---------------------------1 -----------19 Thailand -------------------------11 14 18 8 Other ----------------------------88 84 21 25 Total -------------------------1,022 1,043 689 969 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO: West Coast United States ---------------207 6 6 16 West Coast Central America --------------303 93 24 34 West Coast South America ---------------30 24 27 24 Balboa, C.Z. _--------------------------_ -_ __-__468 Hawaii-------------------------------15

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 75 Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TOFiscalyear Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Oceania---------------------------176 125 100 88 Australia------------------------144 90 75 57 New Zealand--------------------32 35 25 31 Asia-_-------------------------------109 99 87 85 Japan___------------------------107 43 83 63 Formosa------------------------------53 ----_22 Other_-__------------------------2 3 4 Total --------------------------1,308 347 244 247 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO: West Coast United States ---------------1,845 2,090 2,547 2,684 West Coast Canada --------------------136 118 235 110 West Coast Central America--------1,258 1,271 1,184 979 West Coast South America----3,557 3,181 2,748 1,941 Chile ---------------------------1,730 1,859 1,420 829 Colombia --------------------------224 63 310 212 Ecuador ---------------------------623 506 363 340 Peru ----------------------------965 742 655 540 Other ----------------------------15 11 -_____ 20 Balboa, C.Z --------------------------588 368 290 294 Hawaii ------------------------------335 416 266 143 Oceania -----------------------------40 104 34 206 Australia -------------------------7 13 31 119 New Zealand -----------------------33 86 _---_84 Other -__--5 3 3 Asia -------------------------------1,436 1,597 1,698 1,480 Japan --------------------------1,352 1,442 1,608 1,464 South Korea ----------------------5 64 19 Other ---------------------------79 91 71 16 Total ------------------------,195 9,145 9,002 7,837 CRISTOBAL, C.Z., TO: West Coast United States ----------------------79 18 17 West Coast Central America ---------------------75 41 48 West Coast South America ---------------------1 21 Balboa, C.Z. -------------------3 501 406 223 Asia. ---------------------------------------46 83 28 Japan -----------------------------46 83 28 Other territories._ -----------------------------28 20-----Total. ---------------------------3 730 589 316 WEST INDIES TO: West Coast United States ----------------2,022 2,291 1,686 1,615 West Coast Canada ---------------------328 411 469 425 West Coast Central America --------------193 201 162 292 Balboa, C.Z ---------------------------266 273 226 221 West Coast South America ----------------677 816 803 952 Chile ----------------------------306 318 396 596 Colombia --------------------------1 1 3 9 Ecuador --------------------------65 72 28 45 Peru ----------------------------282 413 364 263 Other ---------------------------23 12 12 39 Hawaii------------------------------480 287 176 142 Oceania -----------------------------3 43 44 194 Australia -------------------28 40 72 French Oceania --------------------------1 1

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76 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST INDIES To-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 New Zealand---------------------3 15 3 103 Other ------__--------.----------------------------18 Asia -------------------------------2,384 1,911 1,538 1,376 British East Indies -------------------13 33 43 10 China ---------------------------196 254 151 123 Hong Kong --------------------6 3 4 Indochina -----------------------------6 74----Indonesia --------------------------------1 2 6 Japan ----------------------------1,994 1,493 1,168 1,122 North Korea -----------------------100 61 N.A. N.A. Philippine Islands -------------------11 12 10 13 Russia --------------------------69 40 83 98 Other_---------------------------1 5 4 ______ Total -------------------------6,353 6,233 5,104 5,217 EUROPE TO: West Coast United States ----------------1,031 1,068 853 882 West Coast Canada --------------------266 316 245 260 West Coast Central America ---------------378 369 344 376 West Coast South America ---------------1,177 1,288 1,265 967 Chile -----------------------------343 355 388 299 Colombia ------------------------98 138 128 121 Ecuador ------------------------146 148 113 109 Peru -----------------------------448 548 533 394 Other ---------------------------142 99 103 44 Hawaii -------------------------------1 3 2 12 Oceania -----------------------------843 827 920 903 Australia -------------------------56 33 19 26 British Oceania ---------------------27 28 25 33 French Oceania -------------------244 189 213 225 New Zealand ---------------------468 531 599 577 Other ---------------------------48 46 64 42 Asia-------------------------------3,439 497 87 88 Formosa -------------------------20 5 2 1 Hong Kong -----------------------26 1 1 2 Japan ---------------------------3,306 474 77 73 North Korea ----------------------19 ------N.A. N.A. Russia ---------------------------15 ----------4 South Korea __--------------------------------__ Other ---------------------------53 17 6 8 Other territories -------------------------2 1 _-__-_ 11 Total -------------------------7,137 4,369 3,716 3,499 AFRICA TO: West Coast United States ---------------28 109 112 180 West Coast Canada ----------------_ -15 23 8 12 West Coast South America --------------10 3 21 53 Oceania_ ---------------------------------1 39 34 Asia --------------------------------557 45 13 17 Total -------------------------610 181 193 296 AsIA (MIDDLE EAST) To: West Coast United States --------------9 14 11 12 Asia --------------------------------22 ----------_ 1 Other territories----------------------1 3 Total. ---------------------------32 17 11 13 Total cargo, Atlantic to Pacific ----------. 61,360 53,992 46,672 42,949

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 77 Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST COAST UNrrED STATES To: 1968 1967 1966 1965 East Coast United States -------------1,280 1,440 1,957 2,177 East Coast Canada -------------_------45 ----------12 East Coast Central America -------------14 1 2 2 Cristobal, C.Z. --_--------------136 3 4 6 East Coast South America ---------------161 147 145 155 Argentina-----------------------1 3 12 21 Brazil---------------------------12 10 22 24 Colombia_-----------------------18 14 19 6 Uruguay__-------------------------------1 1 Venezuela.------------------------127 115 90 102 Other ---------------------------3 5 1 1 West Indies --------------------------465 288 283 295 British West Indies. ------------------174 33 22 33 Haiti-Dominican Republic -----------_ __5 5 4 20 Netherlands West Indies ------------61 4 4 5 Puerto Rico------------------_---220 243 251 236 Other----------------------------5 3 2 1 Europe-----------------------------2,424 2,443 2,888 2,411 Belgium -----------------------152 105 119 108 Denmark-------------------------26 37 47 41 Finland -------------------_------13 17 21 15 France.-------------------------151 203 192 197 Greece------------------------32 11 36 35 Irish Republic --------------------6 11 10 11 Italy---------------------------361 428 481 340 Netherlands --------_ --------681 656 762 725 Norway -------------------------16 47 61 29 Poland--------------------------1 32 109 15 Spain-Portugal_------------------62 38 63 90 Sweden ------------------------48 63 68 63 United Kingdom -----------------191 267 278 352 West Germany.-------------------460 376 499 311 Yugoslavia.---------------------7 16 6 10 Other--------------------------217 136 136 69 Asia (Middle East)----------------------77 74 61 18 Cyprus---------------------------------11 -----------India._____-__----------------__-__ 4 Israel --------------------------15 22 36 8 Lebanon -------------------------_3 8 4 5 Syria.----------------------------49 32 1 Other---------------------------10 1 20 1 Africa --------------------77 112 161 97 Algeria-----------------_-----___-----_ -40----Kenya.---------------------------9 7 13 7 Egypt_-------------__-----------------4 27 4 Morocco .__---------------------21 1 Mozambique---------------------8 6 9 13 South Africa-_-----------------27 31 35 56 Tunisia --------------------------14 29 26 10 Other --------------------------19 14 10 7 Total------------------------4,679 4,508 5,501 5,173 WEST COAST CANADA TO: East Coast United States ----------------1,750 1,417 1,626 1,184 East Coast Canada.-----_--_3 6 6 9 Cristobal, C.Z.-----------------___ .--------------------1

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78 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST COAST CANADA To-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 East Coast South America ---------------131 153 216 340 Argentina.-------------------------------3 6 8 Brazil_---------------------------23 23 14 44 Colombia------------------------12 2 1 -----Venezuela -----------------------95 124 195 286 Other ------------_---------------1 1 -----2 West Indies --------------------------150 131 124 122 British West Indies ----------------34 31 32 28 Haiti-Dominican Republic -----------7 -7 1 Puerto Rico ----------------------108 96 85 91 Other ---------------------------1 4 _--__ 2 Europe -----------------------------3,761 3,028 3,357 3,329 Albania ---------------------------------23 Belgium -------------------------139 100 158 109 Finland -------------------------------_-----24 1 France ---------------------------83 91 90 79 Greece ---------------------------34 23 15 23 Irish Republic ---------------------41 31 42 40 Italy ----------------------------382 382 280 210 Netherlands ------------------------703 513 490 292 Norway --------------------------16 16 6 1 Poland --------------------------35 26 64 82 Russia _------------------------------_----------53 Spain-Portugal --------------------30 33 31 14 United Kingdom 1,688 1,421 1,583 2,075 West Germany ----------------231 182 366 215 Yugoslavia ------------------------6 27 17 13 Other ---------------------------373 183 168 122 Asia (Middle East): ----------------------56 53 38 37 Israel --------------------------55 52 37 27 Lebanon -------------------------1 1 1 10 Africa.------------------------------196 271 275 269 Egypt ---------------------------1 Mozambique ----------------------34 24 73 39 South Africa -----------------------139 190 189 212 Tunisia__ __----------------------------------------12 Other---------------------------22 57 13 6 Total. -----------------------6,047 5,059 5,642 5,291 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO: East Coast United States. ----------------880 706 491 639 East Coast Canada -------------------------16-----------East Coast Central America ---------------6 18 25 88 Cristobal, C.Z. -------------------------3 2 4 8 East Coast South America ---------------101 15 17 27 West Indies --------------------------11 12 8 11 Europe_ ------------------------------524 689 838 912 Belgium --------------------------57 168 29 26 Denmark. -------------------------55 39 25 25 France----------------------10 26 40 25 Italy------------------------39 65 64 36 Netherlands-----------------------131 103 72 57 Poland__---------------------11 ____263 509 Spain-Portugal_----------------. 13 25 54 22 Turkey_---------------------------8 14

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 79 Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TOFiscal year Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 United Kingdom -----------------28 9 36 32 West Germany_ ______________----108 166 187 159 Other Gea----------------------64 74 68 21 Africa_-----------------------------15 1 325 -----Egypt_----------------------------2.------___-309 Morocco__-----------------------3---Senegal__--------------------------8---------------Other ----------------------------5 1 13-----Other territories -----------------------1 6-----------Total-------------------------1,541 1,465 1,708 1,685 WEST COAST SOum AMEMCA TO: East Coast United States----------------4,828 5,702 5,762 6,169 East Coast Canada-------------------17 78 91 103 East Coast Central America 119 71 67 43 Cristobal, C.Z. -------------------------4 5 6 6 East Coast South America -------------93 68 49 42 Argentina -------------------------9 1 ----------Brazil ----------------------------18 1----------Colombia -----------------18 31 21 18 Venezuela ------------------------43 35 28 23 Other_ ---------------------------5 -----------1 West Indies---------------------------241 92 35 33 British West Indies ------------------23 29-----------Cuba __ 5 Netherlands West Indies -----------------1 1 Puerto Rico -----------------------57 62 35 27 Other -----------------------------161 Europe ------------------------------4,563 4,406 5,380 6,186 Belgium --------------------------380 452 630 542 Bulgaria --------------------------9 13 11 5 Denmark --------------------------19 23 34 59 East Germany ---------------------19 48 48 24 Finland --------------------------43 20 22 12 France ----------------------------552 429 316 463 Greece ---------------------------7 27 6 Irish Republic ---------------------23 10 8 8 Italy ----------------------------562 533 483 359 Netherlands ------------------------678 771 1,200 1,730 Norway --------------------------4 6 13 6 Poland ------------------------94 62 96 75 Rumania ___--------------------------------------6 Russia ----------------------------15 1 Spain-Portugal ---------------------165 154 243 207 Sweden --------------------------97 84 85 102 United Kingdom ---------------441 405 392 517 West Germany --------------------1,013 981 1,456 1,722 Yugoslavia -----------------------69 57 57 68 Other. --------------------------373 357 259 275 Asia (Middle East) --------------------11 29 11 28 India ---------------------------------24 8 17 Israel_--------------------------4 3 2 Lebanon_ -------------------------6 3 8 Other--------------------------1 2 1 Africa_-_-____.___3_________ _-._ Total _---__----------------9,879 10,451 11,401 12,610

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80 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year BALBOA, C.Z., TO: 1968 1967 1966 1965 East Coast United States----------------16 2 10 25 EastCoastSouthAmerica-------------------------2 3 Europe-----------------------------3 1 2 Other territories ------------------------2 5 16-----Total--------------------------21 8 30 28 HAWAII TO: East Coast United States -----------------439 385 502 465 East Coast Canada_ ----------------------------2 4 Europe---------------------------------49 29 27 Netherlands------------------------------3 5 2 United Kingdom ------------------------35 ----------West Germany---------------_---_ ------6 9 7 Other------------------------------5 15 18 Other territories------------------------1 1 3 Total-------------------------440 434 534 499 OCEANIA TO: East Coast United States---------------_-986 1,026 879 721 East Coast Canada---------------------234 291 206 201 East Coast Central America -------_.___-_ 14 12 12 15 Cristobal, C.Z.----___--------------------7 7 3 4 East Coast South America---------------11 10 8 12 West Indies--------------------------458 191 77 72 British West Indies ----------------59 149 57 67 Netherlands West Indies -------------_ _2 1 4 2 Other--------------------------397 41 16 3 Europe----------------------------1,836 1,258 1,335 1,476 Belgium--------------------------49 21 31 27 France--------------------------132 77 94 80 Netherlands-----------------------94 42 34 26 United Kingdom_------------------1,294 1,004 1,070 1,195 West Germany --------------------76 50 44 51 Other------------_--------------191 64 62 97 Other territories_ ----------------------6-----------------Total --------_----------------3,552 2,795 2,520 2,501 ASIA TO: East Coast United States ----------------7,277 6,368 6,604 4,928 East Coast Canada ---------------------208 222 232 147 East Coast Central America -------------23 36 25 19 Cristobal, C.Z. -------------------------39 37 38 35 East Coast South America ----------------324 351 318 369 Argentina----------------------24 21 29 41 Brazil---------------------------48 50 50 38 Colombia _------------------------19 46 45 62 Netherlands Guiana -----------------12 5 12 4 Venezuela------------------------210 225 178 202 Other__------------------------11 4 4 22 West Indies__ __ __---------------------470 279 309 210 British WestIndies--------------54 37 29 25 Cuba----------------------------290 152 153 122 Haiti-Dominican Republic ----------26 22 15 16 Netherlands West Indies -------------10 10 23 9 Puerto Rico-------------------76 53 78 38 Other_-__------------------------14 5 11------

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 81 Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year ASIA To-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Europe------------------------------679 179 164 127 Belgium-------------------------95 19 20 8 East Germany___-__-----------9 ___-__ 2 Italy----------------------------48 5 ----------Netherlands----------------------135 102 77 60 UnitedKingdom----------------137 24 19 28 West Germany--------------------122 19 16 13 Other_---------------------------133 10 30 18 Africa------------------------------11 -----6 2 Other territories_--------------------------10 ----------Total-------------------------9,031 7,482 7,696 5,837 Total cargo, Pacific to Atlantic----------35,190 32,202 35,032 33,624

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82 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATES: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ---------334 330 309 264 Caustic soda ----------------------63 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals, unclassified --------------135 140 148 137 Petroleum chemicals --------------------136 190 161 127 Benzene --------------------------11 N.A. N.A. N.A. Toluene -------------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ---------------118 190 161 127 Manufactures of iron and steel-767 802 753 609 Angles, shapes, and sections -----------112 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils ---------------234 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings --------------40 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods ------------------33 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ----------------348 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------8 Soda and sodium compounds ---------8 N.C. N.C. N.C. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ------------105 97 101 74 Ammonium compounds --------------------------13 Fertilizers, unclassified ----------------11 ---------------Phosphate------------------------94 97 88 74 Ores and metals ------------------------298 266 286 243 Ores ----------------------------287 263 285 217 Alumina/bauxite --------------287 263 285 217 Metals ----------------------------11 3 1 26 Iron-----------7 ----------25 Other and unclassified -------------4 3 1 1 Petroleum and products ------------------1,306 1,290 1,287 1,544 Asphalt _-----------------------------------16 Diesel oil --------------------------53) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ----------------------27) 57) 61 Gasoline ---------------------------802 647 481 830 Jet fuel -------------------------56 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene --------------------------109 319 363 295 Lubricating oil ----------------------244 271 274 272 Other and unclassified -----------------42 26 96 86 Miscellaneous -------------------------67 404 428 287 Cement ------------------------------40 68 27 All other and unclassified --------------67 364 360 260 Total ------------------------2,885 3,189 3,164 3,021 EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST CANADA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals32 ----------Caustic soda ----------------------27 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals, unclassified ----------------5 Grains-----------------------------------_-----7 5 Rice -------------------------------------7 5 Minerals, miscellaneous---------------4 N.C. N.C. N.C. Soda and sodium compounds 4 N.C. N.C. N.C. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ------------161 137 166 28 Phosphate -------------------------161 137 166 28 Ores and metals ------------------------33 18------------Ore, alumina/bauxite ----------------33 18----------Miscellaneous------------------__ 9 3

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 83 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST Fiscal year CANADA-Continued Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 All other and unclassified -----------------------_ __9 3 Total_------------------__--_. -230 155 182 36 EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMEmCA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------5 9 7 15 Canned foods, miscellaneous---------5 9 7 15 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals __-_---30 19 31 16 Chemicals, unclassified--------------18 18 29 14 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-_ 10 1 2 2 Other and unclassified --------------2 Grains-------------------------------94 50 35 33 Corn-----------------------------6 6 11 16 Rice-----------------------------6 17 17 6 Wheat_---------------------------80 27 7 11 Other and unclassified --------------2 Lumber and products, miscellaneous ------_._2 7 2 3 Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous 11 7 8 7 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous------------------------8 10 18 13 Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------------_ _8 2 Sulfur------------------------_--8 2 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------91 75 84 89 Ammonium compounds--------------_ __4 2 24 10 Fertilizers, unclassified ----------------43 19 16 18 Phosphate-----------------_------34 39 34 56 Potash---------------------------_ 7 15 10 5 Other and unclassified------------------------------Ores and metals---------------------7 8 4 7 Metals---------------------------7 8 4 7 Scrap-----------------------_4 5 1 5 Other and unclassified----------3 3 3 2 Petroleum and products-----------------13 12 12 16 Lubricating oil--------------------6 7 8 11 Other and unclassified--------------7 5 4 5 Miscellaneous-------------------------121 115 117 107 Flour, wheat----------------------3 3 8 5 Glass and glassware----------------2 2 5 2 Paper and paper products_------------60 53 55 55 All other and unclassified------_-_56 57 49 45 Total--------------------------382 320 320 306 EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST SouTH AMERICA: Canned and refrigerated foods_ 22 10 33 52 Canned foods----------------------19 8 26 46 Milk-------------------12 3 19 27 Other and unclassified -----------_ __7 5 7 19 Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous_----3 2 7 6 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals -46 60 55 49 Caustic soda------------------------_ 8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals,unclassified --------------30 58 49 48 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-_.8 2 6 1

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84 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST UNrrED STATES TO WEST COAST Fiscal year SourH AMEificA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Coal and coke-------------------------185 171 154 176 Grains --------------------------------542 703 491 371 Corn -----------------------------86 36 31 16 Oats__ ___------------------6 3 Rice------------------------------8 57 21 46 Soybeans -----------------------_.---1 7 4 Wheat---------------------------435 604 431 293 Other and unclassified--------------7 2 1 12 Lumber and products -------------------22 8 10 13 Pulpwood ------------------------20 5 5 10 Other and unclassified ---------------2 3 5 3 Machinery and equipment -------------161 205 188 157 Agricultural machinery and implements34 19 24 20 Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts ---------------------------61 76 62 47 Construction machinery and equipment. 27 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus_ --16 13 16 14 Other and unolassified----------------23 97 86 76 Manufactures of iron and steel-------------74 65 123 77 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------15 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nails, tacks, and spikes---------------_ _4 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils --------------10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings ------------20 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods -----------------8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ---------------17 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------19 33 31 32 Soda and sodium compounds_ 3 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur----------------------------13 30 28 29 Other and unclassified ---------------3 3 3 3 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------230 220 172 160 Ammonium compounds--------------_ _21 13 14 17 Fertilizers, unclassified------------24 28 11 12 Phosphate-----------------------163 159 136 116 Potash---------------------------21 18 11 15 Other and unclassified --------------1 2-----------Ores and metals-----------------------36 50 80 61 Ores, miscellaneous----------------15 6 5 4 Metals ---------------------------21 44 75 57 Scrap----------__-1 21 36 41 Tin, including tinplate ----------12 15 15 10 Other and unclassified ------------8 8 24 6 Petroleum and products -----------------65 86 75 75 Asphalt--------------------------2 3 11 9 Gasoline--------------------------5 8 1-----Lubricating oil ------------------54 66 52 60 Other and unclassified --------------4 9 11 6 Miscellaneous-------------------------447 496 455 432 Bricks and tile -------------------7 8 10 15 Carbon black---------------------5 6 .9 9 Clay, fire and china ---------------10 9 9 8 Flour, wheat ----_-----------------106 147 94 89 Glass and glassware -------_--------5 5 6 4 Groceries, miscellaneous------------9 6 3 4 Marble and stone ------------------12 12 21 23

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 85 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAsT COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST Fiscal year Soumr AmEmcA-COntinued Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Oil, vegetable---------------------9 20 18 40 Paper and paper products -----------124 96 63 56 Resin_ __--------------------------14 9 9 10 Rubber, manufactured--------------15 14 20 15 Tallow ----------------------------25 22 23 19 Tobacco and manufactures -----------5 6 4 2 Wax, paraffin---------------------15 15 18 16 All other and unclassified ------------86 121 148 122 Total _-------------------------1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655 EAST COAST UNITED STATES To BALBOA, C.Z.: Canned and refrigerated foods __ 7 5 4 2 Canned foods, miscellaneous-------1 1 1 ----Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous----_ 6 4 3 2 Grains_ ------------------------------24 59 27 23 Wheat---------------------------24 59 27 23 Petroleum and products -----------------18 19 2 2 Diesel oil----------------------------) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ------------------17) 18) 1)---Other and unclassified ---------------__1 1 1 2 Miscellaneous-------------------------46 45 36 24 Flour, wheat.-------_------------6 -1 2 Oil, vegetable_---------------------7 5 5 ____-_ All other and unclassified -------------33 40 30 22 Total--------------------------95 128 69 51 EAST COAST UNrrED STATES TO HAwAn: Canned and refrigerated foods_------------2 3 4 4 Canned foods, miscellaneous---------1 2 3 3 Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous_-__-1 1 1 1 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals -------3 4 2 2 Chemicals, unclassified-------------3 4 2 2 Grains, miscellaneous-------------------3 2 -----8 Machinery and equipment -----------------11 15 14 10 Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts--------------------------6 4 4 3 Electrical machinery and apparatus_ -_ 2 3 3 2 Other and unclassified--------------3 8 7 5 Manufactures of iron and steel .--_--------22 21 29 25 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified--------------10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------18 21 27 24 Phosphate--------------------17 19 26 22 Otherandunclassified ---------------1 2 1 2 Oresandmetals ------------------------17 30 34 36 Metal, tin, including tinplate --17 30 34 36 Miscellaneous------------------------34 43 54 51 Liquors and wines------------------2 2 3 3 Paper and paper products ------------1 2 2 1 Textiles_-----------------.-----1 2 2 1 All other and unclassified-------------30 37 47 46 Total --------------------------110 139 164 160

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86 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Chemicals and petrolevn chemicals-------141 108 101 68 Caustic soda ----------------------82 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals, unclassified ---------------51 104 86 61 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous _ 8 4 15 7 Coal and coke---------------____ 3 13 13 6 Grains-------------------------------43 30 53 16 Rice_---_-------------------12 11 9 7 Soybeans ------------------------31 19 44 9 Lumber and products -----------___ 8 9 7 9 Pulpwood -------------------------4 7 4 7 Other and unclassified ---------------4 2 3 2 Machinery and equipment-----------128 130 131 142 Agricultural machinery and implements ----------------------27 19 26 32 Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts--------------------------49 46 42 42 Construction machinery and equipment 14 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus5 4 6 5 Other and unclassified --------------33 61 57 63 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------26 26 25 26 Nitrates, phosphates and potash ----------546 921 1,072 757 Ammonium compounds-------------16 17 33 5 Fertilizers, unclassified ___ __------5 6 1 12 Phosphate ------------------------503 878 1,007 720 Potash ----------------------------22 20 31 20 Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------195 308 300 260 Soda and sodium compounds ----------8 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur----------------------------183 303 299 258 Other and unclassified -----------------4 5 1 2 Ores and metals------------------------6 10 14 62 Ores -------------------------3 6 9 48 Alumina/bauxite ----------------_----------5 41 Other and unclassified -----------3 6 4 7 Metals, miscellaneous --------------3 4 5 14 Other agricultural commodities 7 20 14 22 Beans, edible ----------------------3 5 3 4 Cotton, raw ------------------------4 3 11 18 Sugar ----------------------------12------Petroleum and products -------------------55 60 64 94 Lubricating oil ----------------------42 48 54 83 Other and unclassified ----------------13 12 10 11 Miscellaneous -------------------------260 343 265 252 Ammunition and explosives -----------7 13 3 2 Bricksandtile --------------------4 3 4 6 Carbon black ----------------------5 4 4 4 Clay, fire and china----------------48 31 34 30 Floor coverings -------------------5 5 4 4 Flour, wheat_ ----------------------1 5 1 Glass and glassware_----------------9 9 8 8 Nuts, edible---------------------------1 6 1 Oil, vegetable---------------------5 9 11 11 Paper and paper products -----------32 28 26 23 Resin ----------------------------19 15 21 18

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 87 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIAFiscal year Continued Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Rubber, manufactured ----------------17 16 14 13 Tobacco and manufactures-----------12 14 12 11 Wax, paraffin---------------------6 7 9 6 All other and unclassified -----__-90 183 108 115 Total--------------------------1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714 EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------58 69 90 109 Canned foods--------------------40 57 76 90 Milk-------------------------19 26 55 67 Other and unclassified -------------21 31 21 23 Refrigerated foods ------------------18 12 14 19 Meat------------------------14 10 11 9 Other and unclassified -------------4 2 3 10 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals_ ---------421 427 325 361 Caustic soda ----------------------6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals, unclassified --------------251 381 248 283 Petroleum chemicals----------------164 46 77 78 Benzene---------------------10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Cyclohexane________---------23 N.A. N.A. N.A. Toulene_----------------------8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ----------123 46 77 78 Coal and coke -___---------------------12,082 8,883 6,720 6,280 Grains-_-----------------------------7,418 5,603 5,635 4,380 Barley--------------------------1 ----------10 Corn_---------------------------2,736 2,601 2,646 2,189 Oats-----------------------------8 3-----------Rice_-------------------------769 89 70 83 Sorghum_------------------------1,123 504 520 208 Soybeans __---------------------2,421 1,870 1,972 1,515 Wheat---------------------------325 510 333 304 Other and unclassified-----------____ 35 26 94 71 Lumber and products------------------93 96 67 69 Boards and planks_ ------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood -------------------------78 76 50 60 Other and unclassified--------------8 20 17 9 Machinery and equipment ---------------227 200 168 161 Agricultural machinery and implements 19 5 7 7 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts --------------------------88 68 51 47 Construction machinery and equipment39 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus_--30 22 15 15 Other and unclassified--------------51 105 95 92 Manufactures of iron and steel ------------130 233 143 134 Angles, shapes, and sections ---------20 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils-------------27 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings ----------15 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods----------------17 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified------------51 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------82 124 66 71 Soda and sodium compounds ---------_ _8 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur---------------------------69 121 62 67 Other and unclassified--------------5 3 4 4

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88 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------2,971 2,207 2,221 2,165 Ammonium compounds --------------22 5 60 77 Fertilizers, unclassified ---------------116 101 55 79 Fishmeal-------------------------2 1 1 5 Phosphate-----------------------2,825 2,098 2,101 1,997 Potash_---------------------------6 2 4 7 Ores and metals_----------------------2,732 3,422 1,544 2,020 Ores, miscellaneous -----------------11 27 35 7 Metals__ __----------------------2,721 3,395 1,509 2,013 Iron-------------------------20 10 6 13 Scrap-----------------------2,607 3,288 1,405 1,910 Tin, including tinplate ----------67 59 78 67 Other and unclassified----------27 38 20 23 Other agricultural commodities-----------622 525 390 366 Beans, edible_----------------------47 12 14 11 Cocoa and cacao beans _-------------4 6 13 9 Cotton, raw-----------------------531 473 332 316 Oilseeds_ __----------------------10 4 3 2 Skins and hides_________-----------27 21 17 19 Other and unclassified-----__--------3 9 11 9 Petroleum and products -----------------696 598 521 472 Asphalt ---------------------------5 17 13 15 Crude oil----------------------4 __1 Diesel oil-------------------------15) ) ) Fuel oil, residual -------------------1) 11) 1) Gasoline_--------------------------14 11 27 31 Kerosene------------------------2 6 -___1 Lubricating oil--------------------486 514 419 381 Petroleum coke--------------------121 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified --------------48 39 60 44 Miscellaneous------------------------1,200 1,523 1,409 1,024 Ammunition and explosives ----------16 53 10 9 Beer-----------------------------1 6 Bricks and tile----------------------6 5 3 5 Carbon, black -----------------------15 14 8 10 Cement_--------------------------3 12 3 7 Clay, fire and china_____---------97 78 51 54 Fibers, plant ----------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Flour, wheat_._-------------------175 70 142 107 Glass and glassware----------------6 6 5 6 Groceries, miscellaneous ------------22 14 11 9 Oil, vegetable--------------------43 33 19 41 Paper and paper products -----------90 67 49 66 Pharmaceutical products------------2 6 4 6 Rags and waste----------_ 5 6 9 7 Railroad materials ---------------------7 1 1 Resin_------------------------126 417 427 180 Rubber, manufactured--------------50 44 38 53 Tallow___------------------59 27 30 33 Textiles_------------------------25 49 21 19 Tobacco and manufactures----------53 53 48 37 Wax, paraffin ---------------------11 16 11 5 All other and unclassified ------------389 545 513 369 Total __------------------------28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 89 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST UNrrED STATES: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------13 8 10 7 Asbestos ---------------------------13 8 10 7 Ores and metals -------------------------5 13 22 18 Ores, miscellaneous -----------------------13 22 18 Metal, iron -------------------------5-----------------Miscellaneous---------------------------6 11 Paper and paper products -------------3-----------------All other and unclassified ------------3 11 Total ---------------------------24 21 32 36 EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST CAN-ADA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals--------------4 11 4 Chemicals, unclassified --------------------4 11 4 Ores and metals --------------------------------------16 Ore, alumina/bauxite -----------------------------------16 Miscellaneous-_ -----------------------------------2 2 All other and unclassified -------------------------2 2 Total---------------------------__---__ 4 13 22 EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Miscellaneous --------------------------3 2 1 20 All other and unclassified -------------3 2 1 20 EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals 2 1 1-----Chemicals, unclassified --------------2 1 1 ----Lumber and products -------------------------5 1 1 Pulpwood -------------------------------5 1 1 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous --------------4 7 1 Minerals, miscellaneous --------------------12 11 10 9 Asbestos --------------------------12 11 10 9 Ores and metals --------------------------13 7 6 4 Ores, miscellaneous ------------------1-----------------Metals ----------------------------12 7 6 4 Tin, including tinplate 8 1 2-----Other and unclassified -----------4 6 4 4 Miscellaneous-------------------54 55 36 22 Paper and products----------------33 37 21 9 All other and unclassified -----21 18 15 13 Total --------------------------81 83 61 37 EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals 10 22 15 22 Chemicals, unclassified -------------10 22 15 22 Lumber and products -----------2 3 8 5 Pulpwood------------------------1 2 7 4 Other and unclassified ---------------1 1 1 1 Machinery and equipment -------------21 14 11 17 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts --------------------------14 5 7 13 Other and unclassified ---------. 7 9 4 4

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90 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIAContinued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------10 9 8 10 Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------24 23 23 23 Asbestos -------------------------24 23 23 23 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ---------5-----------------Ammonium compounds --------------5----------------Ores and metals ------------------------20 12 5 20 Metals ---------------------------20 12 5 20 Tin, including Tinplate ------------11 4 1 14 Other and unclassified -----------9 8 4 6 Miscellaneous -------------------------150 159 114 163 Paper and paper products -------------116 131 79 114 All other and unclassified --------------34 28 35 49 Total ---------------------------242 242 184 260 EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------6 17 1 1 Canned foods, miscellaneous ---------3 16 1 1 Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous_ ---__ 3 1-----------Chemicals and petroleum chemicals --------6 6 11 7 Chemicals, unclassified ---------------6 4 9 5 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous --------2 2 2 Grains-------------------------------36 213 95 140 Corn -----------------------------_---5 3 14 Soybeans-------------------------36 80 91 121 Wheat ----------------------------127 Other and unclassified -------------------1 1 5 Lumber and products --------------------10 2 1 3 Pulpwood ------------------------9 2 1 3 Other and unclassified ---------------1-----------------Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------116 112 65 86 Asbestos-------------------------116 112 65 86 Ores and metals -------------------------354 221 123 218 Ores, miscellaneous -----------------194 108 108 55 Metals ----------------------------160 113 15 163 Scrap ------------------------139 100 9 145 Other-----------------------21 13 6 18 Other agricultural commodities -----------3 4 6 4 Skins and hides --------------------3 4 6 4 Miscellaneous -------------------------139 116 97 133 Paper and paper products -----------106 70 51 66 Resin ----------------------------4 5 3 9 Ruber, manufactured ---------------5 7 4 6 Slag -----------------------------10 21 35 All other and unclassified ------------24 24 18 17 Total --------------------------670 691 399 592 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES: Petroleum and products _207 84 24 32 Diesel oil_-----------------------5) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ----------------------) ----) ---24 Gasoline-------------------------42 58 18 8

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 91 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATES-Continued Petroleum and products--Continued1968 1967 1966 1965 Jetfuel--------------------------20 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene------------------------140 26 6 Miscellaneous__ __-----------------------------------1 All other and unclassified -----------------------------1 Total_--------------------------207 84 24 33 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous_-----------------------2 3 Petroleum and products -----------------288 150 46 72 Diesel oil-------------------------77) ) ) Fuel oil, residual -----------------146) 96) 24) 45 Gasoline-------------------------56 48 19 20 Kerosene _-------------------------6 6 3 7 Other and unclassified----------------3----------------Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------5 6 5 5 Sulfur_-------------------------5 6 5 5 Miscellaneous_________----------------7 8 9 5 Railroad materials -------------------------------All other and unclassified -------------7 5 9 5 Total--------------------------302 167 60 82 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------10 7 12 5 Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------2 5 5 Soda and sodium compounds ----------2 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur_ ---------------------------------5 5 Miscellaneous-------------------------19 12 10 19 Resin ----------------------------__--_-----2 1 All other and unclassified -------------19 12 8 18 Total--------------------------31 24 27 24 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO BALBOA, C.Z.: Petroleum and products __--------------471 499 405 221 Diesel oil ------------------------81) ) ) Fuel oil, residual-------------------275) 420) 355) 180 Gasoline-------------------------113 55 45 36 Kerosene---------------------------2 24 5 5 Total_-------------------------471 499 405 221 EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO OCEANIA: Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------_--174 113 99 88 Salt----------------------------------6 Sulfur----------------------------174 107 99 88 Other agricultural commodities ------------------12 ----------Sugar---------------------------_----12 Miscellaneous --_----------------------2 -1 -----All other and unclassified _-.-__-_ 2 1 _--_-Total--------------------------176 125 100 88

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92 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO AsIA: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Canned and refrigerated foods ------------11 Bananas, refrigerated -----------------11 Grains -------------------------------35 ___-_ N.A. N.A. Sorghum -------------------------35 -N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------------53 _-_21 Sulfur_ ---------------------------------53 __ 21 Ores and metals -------------------------37 32 32 49 Ores, miscellaneous ------------------------1 1 1 Metals, miscellaneous--------------37 31 31 48 Other agricultural commodities-----------4 7 31 2 Cotton, raw -----------------------4 7 31 2 Petroleum and products -----------------13 46 100 35 Diesel oil -------------------------13) ) ) Fueloil,residual -----------------------) 46) 100) 35 Miscellaneous --------------------------9 7 7 6 All other and unclassified -------------9 7 7 6 Total--------------------------109 145 170 113 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ------------------------3 3 2 2 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous -------------------------6 17-----------Ores and metals ------------------------330 258 168 49 Ores ----------------------------330 258 168 49 Alumina/bauxite ---------------330 238 167 34 Manganese ------------------------20 1 15 Other agricultural commodities -------------54 29 28 12 Cocoa and cacao beans 3 6 2 1 Coffee ---------------------------51 23 26 11 Petroleum and Products ------------------1,441 1,772 2,341 2,610 Crude oil --------------------860 1,157 1,769 2,257 Diesel oil --------------------------16) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ----------------------) 52) 108) 121 Gasoline -------------------------228 204 351 111 Jet fuel --------------------------121 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene --------------------------210 335 101 121 Other and unclassified ---------------6 24 4 Miscellaneous -------------------------11 10 8 11 All other and unclassified ----11 10 8 11 TotaL__-------------------------1,845 2,089 2,547 2,684 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST CANADA: Ores and metals -----------------------62 62 57 27 Ore, alumina /bauxite -----------------62 62 57 27 Other agricultural commodities ------------4 3 2 1 Coffee----------------------------4 3 2 1 Petroleum and products --------68 51 172 77 Diesel oil----------------------52) ) ) Fuel oil, residual --------------------16) 51) 129) 77 Gasoline -------------------------------------43

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 93 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST Fiscal year CANADA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Miscellaneous------------------------2 2 4 5 All other and unclassified---_--2 2 4 5 Total-------------------------136 118 235 110 EAST COAST Soumr AMERICA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMEmCA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -------------------------4 1 9 6 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash_ ------_-20 12 10 21 Ammonium compounds --___ -16 12 10 21 Other and unclassified----------------4 Petroleum and products-----------------1,229 1,253 1,158 949 Asphalt------------------------37 16 29 27 Crude oil------------------------1,136 1,098 981 789 Diesel oil------------------------7) ) ) Fuel oil, residual_------------------3) 99) 68) 56 Gasoline--------------------------13 24 17 18 Kerosene------------------------32 3 2 2 Other and unclassified---------------1 13 61 57 Miscellaneous_ -------------------------5 5 7 3 All other and unclassified-------------_ _5 5 7 3 Total -----------------------1,258 1,271 1,184 979 EAST COAST SouH AMEmCA TO WEST COAST SourH AMEmICA: Grains-------------------------------25 ---7 Rice-------------------11 Wheat_--------------------------14 --7 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous------------------------1 1 10 1 Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------20 11 7 11 Salt------------------------------14 11 7 11 Soda and sodium compounds 6 N.C. N.C. N.C. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash_ -------15 9 12 28 Ammonium compounds----------------------2 8 Fertilizers, unclassified ----------------15 9 10 20 Ores and metals ----------------------8 9 7 7 Ore, alumina/bauxite---------------8 9 7 7 Other agricultural commodities_-----------3 9 10 4 Cocoa and cacao beans -------------1 8 7 2 Other and unclassified ---------------2 1 3 2 Petroleum and products_-------------3,469 3,068 2,623 1,849 Asphalt_------------------------------1 6 4 Crude oil -------------------2,781 2,186 1,478 951 Diesel oil-----------------------35) ) ) Fuel oil, residual -------------------360) 755) 854) 645 Gasoline_-------------------------227 90 203 159 Kerosene-------------------------38 26 37 43 Lubricating oil---------------------16 10 12 13 Other and unclassified----------_---12 _-_-_33 34 Miscellaneous___ _----------------16 74 72 41 Cement_--------------------_---------60 59 22 All other and unclassified-----------16 14 13 19 Total-------------------------3,557 3,181 2,748 1,941

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94 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO BALBOA, C.Z.: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Petroleum and products ------588 367 290 291 Crude oil ----------------------19 16 Diesel oil-------------------------69) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ------------------498) 343) 277) 279 Gasoline ---------------------------2 1 13 1 Other and unclassified --------------------7 11 Miscellaneous __-----------------------_------_-3 All other and unclassified ------------------1 3 Total--------------------------588 368 290 294 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO HAWAII: Petroleum and products 334 416 266 142 Diesel oil --------------------------9) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ---------------------) 47) 84) 8 Gasoline -------------------------54 44 19 Jet fuel --------------------------253 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene -------------------------18 325 163 134 Miscellaneous --------------------------1 ---------1 All other and unclassified -------------I-----------1 Total -------------------------335 416 266 143 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO OCEANIA: Ores and metals------------------------7 12 ---------Ore, alumina/bauxite ----------------7 12 Petroleum and products-----33 90 31 203 Crude oil_ --------------------------------31 Diesel oil -------------------------16) ) ) Fuel oil, residual )----------------43) ------) 9 Gasoline --------------------------17 43 170 Kerosene------------------------------4 11 Lubricating oil ---------------------------------------13 Miscellaneous --------------------------------2 3 3 All other and unclassified -------------------2 3 3 Total --------------------------40 104 34 206 EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO ASIA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ------------------------5 Grains_-------------------34 21 6 14 Rice------------------------33 14 Other and unclassified ---------------1 7 6 14 Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------46 23 Salt-----------------------------46 23 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash --------6 8-----Fertilizers, unclassified ---------------6 _---------Ores and metals ------------------------180 116 286 246 Ores ----------------------------146 92 286 177 Alumina/bauxite -----------------41 15 29 36 Iron -------------------------31 45 177 78 Manganese ---------------------74 32 80 63 Metals ----------------------------34 24 ____69 Aluminum--------------------3 5-----------Iron -------------------------31 19 -----69 Other agricultural commodities -----------54 60 49 22

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 95 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO ASIA-Continued Fiscal year Other agricultural commodities-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Cotton, raw-------------------------9 14 8 14 Molasses -------------------------13 12 -----------Oilseeds ---------------------------6 6 4 1 Sugar -----------------------------10 13 23 Wool, raw ------------------------8 8 5 2 Other and unclassified -----------------8 7 9 5 Petroleum and products ------------------1,091 1,360 1,335 1,184 Crude oil --------------------------407 551 511 346 Diesel oil -------------------------153) ) ) Fuel oil, residual --------------------523) 609) 722) 767 Gasoline__ ----------------------------------8 15 Kerosene -----------------------------73 18 Lubricating oil ---------------------8 72 43 28 Other and unclassified -----------------------55 33 28 Miscellaneous--------------------------20 17 14 14 Nuts, edible_ ----------------------------5 1 All other and unclassified ------------20 12 13 14 Total --------------------------1436 1,597 1,698 1,480 WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST UNrrED STATES: Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------71 50 61 -----Salt -------------------------------1 50 61 Ores and metals -----------------------272 32 29 40 Ore, alumina/bauxite ---------------272 32 29 40 Other agricultural commodities ------------3 12 1 9 Coffee ---------------------------2 3 1 8 Other and unclassified ---------------1 9 1 Petroleum and products --------------1,610 2,150 1,555 1,538 Crude oil --------------------------50 65 87 73 Diesel oil -------------------------34) ) ) Fuel oil, residual --------------------108) 284) 428) 676 Gasoline --------------------------735 1,214 646 622 Jet fuel --------------------------347 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene 2----------------------33 564 354 160 Other and unclassified ---------------13 23 40 7 Miscellaneous -------------------------66 47 40 28 All other and unclassified --------------66 47 40 28 Total -------------------------2,022 2,291 1,686 1,615 WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST CANADA: Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------53 63 55----Salt ------------------------------53 63 55 Ores and metals------------------------275 346 360 337 Ore, alumina/bauxite ---------------275 346 360 337 Other agricultural commodities ------------------------26 3 Sugar-------------------------------------26 3 Petroleum and products ------------------------------27 84 Diesel oil )------------------------) ) Fuel oil, residual -------------------------17) 76 Kerosene --------------------------------------10 8 Miscellaneous_ ------------------------------2 1 1 All other and unclassified ----------------2 1 1 Total --------------------------328 411 469 425

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96 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, 1968 1967 1966 1965 miscellaneous_-----------------------11 3 5 3 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------15 29 32 19 Ammonium compounds --------------3 16 27 18 Fertilizers, unclassified ----------------12 13 5 1 Petroleum and products -----------------163 164 121 268 Asphalt --------------------------2 12 1 3 Crude oil ---------------------------------43 Diesel oil -------------------------26) ) ) Fuel oil, residual ---------------------2) 44) 42) 124 Gasoline ---------------------------119 96 53 63 Kerosene -------------------------------2 8 31 Lubricating oil ---------------------9 2 4----Other and unclassified ---------------5 8 13 4 Miscellaneous -------------------------4 5 4 2 All other and unclassified -------------4 5 4 2 Total--------------------------193 201 162 292 WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Minerals, miscellaneous_ ------------------3 3 3 3 Salt -----------------------------3 3 3 3 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-----------25 15 8 21 Ammonium compounds ---------------4 Fertilizers, unclassified ------21 15 8 21 Other agricultural commodities ------------4 5 10 Molasses-------------------------4 5 Sugar ----------------------------------------10 Petroleum and products -----------------639 786 760 921 Asphalt-----------------------10 11 19 18 Crude oil -------------------------11 11 16 Diesel oil ---------------73) ) ) Fuel oil, residual --------------------181) 290) 361) 626 Gasoline-------------------------225 376 253 181 Jet fuel---------------------------22 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene-----------------------93 67 48 72 Lubricating oil-------------------9 14 29 10 Other and unclassified--------------15 17 34 14 Miscellaneous--__-------------6 7 22 6 Paper and paper products------------3 3 8-----All other and unclassified-----3 4 14 6 Total------------------------677 816 803 951 WEST INDIES TO BALBOA, C.Z.: Petroleum and products----------_-----260 269 224 220 Diesel oil------------------------87) ) ) Fuel oil, residual-------------_----154) 238) 191) 188 Gasoline-------------------------18 17 19 29 Kerosene-------------------------------2 3 Other and unclassified -------------1 14 12----Miscellaneous----------------6 4 2 1 All other and unclassified------------6 4 2 1 Total--------------------------266 273 226 221

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 97 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST INDIES TO HAWAII: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Petroleum and products---_-----------480 287 176 142 Diesel oil----------------------------) ) ) Fuel oil, residual------------------) 36) 17) _---Gasoline_------------------------45 24 ---2 Jet fuel-------------------------292 N.A. N.A. N.A. Kerosene----------------------143 227 159 140 Total--------------------------480 287 176 142 WEST INDIES TO OCEANIA: Ores and metals-----------------------14 3 2 Ore, alumina/bauxite------_------------14 3 2 Petroleum and products------------------24 34 168 Asphalt-----------------------------------------31 Diesel oil----------------------------) ) ) Fuel oil, residual-----------------------) ----) 17) 45 Gasoline.----_--------------------------11 32 Kerosene------------------------------12 -----11 Lubricating oil-------------------------12 ---32 Other and unclassified-----------------------6 17 Miscellaneous--------------------------3 5 7 24 All other and unclassified ----------3 5 7 24 Total_------------------------3 43 44 194 WEST INDIES TO ASIA: Nitrates, phosphates, and potash_ -----------3 8 10 Fish, refrigerated--------------------3 8 10 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash _-.----3 8 12 -----Fertilizers, unclassified-------------3 8 4 Phosphate--------------------------------8-Ores and metals-----------------------39 47 19 40 Ores----------------------------38 36 17 29 Alumina/bauxite----------------31 28 6 24 Copper-----------------------7 8 11 5 Metal, scrap--------------------1 11 2 11 Other agricultural commodities_-----------1,048 834 625 634 Molasses-------------------------114 79 48 27 Sugar-----------------------934 755 577 607 Petroleum and products---------_----1,288 1,004 871 685 Crude oiL--------------------------------------28 Diesel oil------------------------925) ) ) Fuel oil, residual.----------------_-305) 914) 768) 610 Gasoline-----------------------------7 25 Kerosene----------------_-----------20 34 3 Lubricating oil---------------------58 43 44 44 Other and unclassified -------------------20 Miscellaneous-------------_---6 14 4 7 All other and unclassified-------------6 14 4 7 Total-------------------------2,384 1,910 1,539 1,376 EUROPE TO WEST COAST UNrrED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous----------------------31 27 23 20 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-----------------------32 38 33 29 Lumber and Products------------------17 11 14 12

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98 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EUROPE TO WEST COAST UNITED STATESFiscal year Continued Lumber and products-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Plywood, veneers, composition board_-_ 10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood--------------------------3 5 2 2 Other and unclassified---------------4 N.A. N.A. N.A. Machinery and equipment ---------------253 207 195 157 Agricultural machinery and implements 7 2 1 2 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts ---------------------------195 151 146 119 Construction machinery and equipment 12 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus --16 10 10 7 Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts _---__--_5 4 4 4 Other and unclassified -----------------18 40 34 25 Manufactures of iron and steel ------------248 243 142 111 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------75 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nails, tacks, and spikes -----------27 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils ----------------19 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings ------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods ----------------21 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified---------------90 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------8 4 5 9 Asbestos --------------------------3 4 4 8 Soda and sodium compounds ---------2 N.C. N.C. N.C. Other and unclassified --------------3 -_-_ 1 1 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------61 83 74 88 Ammonium compounds --------------10 21 21 20 Fertilizers, unclassified____------42 51 50 58 Fishmeal -------------------------3 9-----------Nitrate of soda ----------------------6 2 3 10 Ores and metals -----------------------59 118 45 38 Ores -------------------4 81 17 3 Alumina/bauxite ---------------------60 12 Zinc ---------------------------17 -----------Other and unclassified -----------4 4 5 3 Metals ----------------------------55 37 28 35 Iron -------------------------41 25 12 20 Other and unclassified ------------14 12 16 15 Other agricultural commodities, miscellaneous -------------------------8 7 6 7 Miscellaneous --------------------------314 330 316 411 Beer -------------------10 8 9 9 Creosote -------------------------17 19 24 24 Glass and Glassware -------30 31 41 54 Groceries, miscellaneous --------------7 8 8 7 Liquors and wines ------------------61 55 58 53 Marble and stone -------------------8 7 8 13 Paper and paper products -----------60 72 68 103 Rope and twine---------------------9 5 9 5 Rubber,manufactured----------------8 6 5 4 All other and unclassified ------------104 119 86 139 Total _-------------------------1,031 1,068 853 882 EUROPE TO WEST COAST CANADA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -------------------------4 8 6 6 Machinery and equipment ----------------38 32 31 23

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 99 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EUROPE TO WEST COAST CANADA-Continued Machinery and equipment-Continued Fiscal year Automobiles, trucks, accessories and 1968 1967 1966 1965 parts--------------------------21 17 16 13 Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts __---_5 Other and unclassified_--------------12 15 15 10 Manufactures of iron and steel-----------100 120 104 92 Angles, shapes, and sections -_------_18 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings__------------14 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods ----------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified--------------52 N.A. N.A. N.A. Ores and metals-----------------------12 11 3 12 Metals, miscellaneous --------------12 11 3 12 Petroleum and products----------_ 16 40 33 41 Asphalt_--------------------------16 40 33 41 Miscellaneous -------------------------96 105 68 85 Clay, fire, and china-----------------5 10 5 6 Creosote-------------------------7 15 __-_-12 Glass and glassware--_-------_-----9 10 11 13 Liquors and wines-----------------9 9 9 8 Paper and paper products ------------_ _1 7 _-__-_ 2 All other and unclassified_---------65 54 43 44 Total--------------------------266 316 245 259 EUROPE TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------6 9 7 7 Canned foods, miscellaneous -_ 6 9 7 7 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous_-----------------------20 27 22 24 Machinery and equipment ---------------15 18 15 20 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts ---------------------------5 7 7 7 Other and unclassified --------------10 11 8 13 Manufactures of iron and steel ----------59 59 76 61 Angles, shapes, and sections----------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils-------------6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods----------------13 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified---------------33 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------203 159 121 182 Ammonium compounds-------------64 36 36 45 Fertilizers, unclassified_--------------134 118 77 129 Phosphate ------------------------4 3 5 7 Other and unclassified-------------1 2 3 1 Ores and metals_-----------------------12 17 10 4 Metals, miscellaneous_--------------12 17 10 4 Miscellaneous-----------------------63 80 93 78 Cement _--------------------------4 4 19 5 Glass and glassware----------------6 9 10 7 Paper and paper products------------_ _14 14 11 9 Other and unclassified--------------39 53 53 57 Total ---------------------------378 369 344 376 EUROPE TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------60 60 52 19 Canned foods_---------------------47 47 46 18 Milk----------------34 36 33 13 Other and unclassified------------13 11 13 5

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100 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EUROPE TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICAFiscal year Continued Canned and refrigerated foods-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Refrigerated foods -------------------13 13 6 1 Dairy products ----------------------13 13 6 1 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ---------------------_-70 102 103 85 Coal and coke____---__---------------75 10 11 8 Grains------------------------------53 25 30 18 Barley --------------------------12 17 15 5 Oats-------------------------4 6 7 5 Rice_----_------------------5 ----------8 Wheat_---------------------------31 ----7-----Other and unclassified----------------1 _--1Lumber and products-------------------15 36 39 28 Pulpwood------------------------14 35 37 27 Other and unclassified ---------------1 1 2 1 Machinery and equipment-------------128 163 126 117 Agricultural machinery and implements18 13 11 11 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts--------------------------31 39 27 20 Construction machinery and equipment28 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus._17 14 19 17 Other and unclassified_--------------34 97 69 69 Manufactures of iron and steel ._-_--_-_-_--189 233 273 182 Angles, shapes, and sections---------23 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nails, tacks, and spikes---------------_ _5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils -------------38 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings ------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods-----------------39 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -------------68 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------37 5 17 4 Soda and sodium compounds----------29 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur_----------------------1 --13 2 Other and unclassified--------------7 5 4 2 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash----------210 151 177 172 Ammonium compounds-------------60 49 52 71 Fertilizers, unclassified -------------87 76 64 61 Phosphate------------------------33 9 36 33 Potash---------------------------26 13 22 5 Other and unclassified--------------4 4 3 2 Ores and metals----------------------27 38 48 45 Metals---------------------------27 38 48 45 Iron--------------_ 14 22 32 33 Scrap-------------------------5 5 Tin, including tinplate -----------_ _4 7 9 6 Other and unclassified -----------_ _4 4 7 6 Other agricultural commodities------------25 22 19 13 Sugar-----------------------23 20 14 11 Other and unclassified--------------2 2 5 2 Petroleum and products, miscellaneous 5 3 7 3 Miscellaneous_.__---------------------283 440 363 273 Ammunition and explosives -----------5 6 3 4 Bricks and tile--_------------4 4 6 5 Caustic soda----------------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Cement_-----------------------18 93 50 16

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 101 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EUROPE TO WEST COAST SouTH AMERICAFiscal year Continued Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Flour, wheat----------------------7 13 15 9 Glass and glassware----------------13 14 14 12 Groceries, miscellaneous ------------6 11 8 9 Marble and stone -------------------2 8 5 4 Oil, vegetable -----------------------16 14 6 5 Paints and varnishes______---------3 6 4 4 Paper and paper products ------------60 69 57 47 Railroad materials------------------1 2 1 7 Slag_---.-----------------------------1------------1 Textiles_ --------------------------6 6 5 5 Vegetables, dry---------------------17-----------Wax, paraffin---------------------14 9 17 11 All other and unclassified ------------112 168 172 134 Total-------------------------1,177 1,288 1,265 967 EUROPE TO OCEANIA: Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous------------------------12 10 13 9 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals_-----_-74 52 46 52 Caustic soda----------------------17 N.A. N.A. N.A. Chemicals, unclassified-------------51 52 46 52 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous.6-----------------Grains.-----------------------------3 2 3 4 Rice ------------------------------2 2 3 4 Other and unclassified --------------1 Lumber and products ----------16 15 6 13 Pulpwood-----------------------12 13 4 11 Other and unclassified---------------4 2 2 2 Machinery and equipment__-----------119 148 164 157 Agricultural machinery and implements 9 13 10 9 Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts--------------------------54 65 82 74 Construction machinery and equipment10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus 15 13 17 12 Other and unclassified ----------------31 57 55 62 Manufactures of iron and steel -------------123 133 167 178 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils --------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------------10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods ------------------11 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -----------------70 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------53 42 37 40 Salt -----------------------------39 39 35 38 Soda and sodium compounds -----------13 N.C. N.C. N.C. Other and unclassified ---------------1 3 2 2 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------61 37 56 33 Ammonium compounds ---------------12 11 12 13 Fertilizers, unclassified --------------29 21 11 14 Nitrate of soda ---------------------2 2 7 3 Phosphate. ------------------------1 2 4-----Potash ---------------------------17 1 22 3 Ores and metals ------------------------17 16 24 16 Ores, miscellaneous ----------------1 1 1 1 Metals ---------------------------16 15 23 15

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102 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] EUROPE TO OCEANIA-Continued Fiscal year Ores and metals-Continued Metals-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Tin, including tinplate -----------_ _8 4 3 4 Other and unclassified-----------8 11 20 11 Other agricultural commodities ------------_ _9 11 9 11 Sugar ----------------------------5 4 4 6 Other and unclassified--------------4 7 5 5 Petroleum and products ---------------34 37 34 50 Asphalt_--------------------------4 2 5 6 Diesel oil-------------------------5) ) ) Fuel oil, residual------------------11) 16) 16) 18 Gasoline __ -------------------------_------------1 Lubricating oil--------------------10 18 10 24 Other and unclassified-----------4 1 3 1 Miscellaneous --------------------------322 324 361 339 Beer----------------------------9 7 5 3 Bricks and tile-----------7 4 5 6 Cement-------------------------71 59 62 66 Clay, fire, and china-----------------9 7 12 11 Flour, wheat----------------------15 21 19 10 Floor coverings-----------3 5 4 5 Glass and glassware ------------------12 16 17 16 Liquors and wines -------------------13 15 17 16 Paper and paper products --------------13 13 13 16 Slag -------------------8 3 7 7 Textiles_ --------------------------6 9 12 11 All other and unclassified --------------156 165 188 172 Total ---------------------------843 827 920 902 EUROPE TO AsIA: Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous-----------------------26 8 3 6 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals 66 33 16 9 Chemicals, unclassified ------51 33 14 9 Petroleum chemicals ------------------15 2 _-_-_-Benzene ----------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -----------8 2 Coal and coke ---------------------795 Grains -------------------------------22 1 ----Barley ---------------------------13----------Other and unclassified ---------------9 -----Machinery and equipment ----------------35 7 5 7 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts --------------------------9 3 1 1 Construction machinery and equipment 9 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ---------------17 4 4 6 Manufactures of iron and steel_ ____-------49 23 4 2 Angles, shapes, and sections ----------6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils--------------5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified---------------38 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous_-----------------62-----------------Salt----------------------------36-----------------Soda and sodium compounds---------13 N.C. N.C. N.C. Sulfur ---------------------------13-----------------Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-----------_ _35 13 37 21

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 103 Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year EUROPE TO AsIA-Continued Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Phosphate---------------10 -----5 Potash ---------------------------24 13 28 21 Other and unclassified----------------1 -----4 -----Ores and metals----------------------2,056 377 9 15 Ores_-----------------------------74 11------------Chrome----------------------55-----------------Lead-------------------------------10 ---------Zinc----------------------10 ---------------Other and unclassified ----------9 1 ----------Metals--------------------------1,982 366 9 15 Iron------------------------1,936 351 4 5 Scrap---------------------35 9 4 Other and unclassified----------11 6 5 6 Other agricultural commodities-----------19 1 2 4 Cotton, raw---------------------12-----------------Other and unclassified---------------7 1 2 4 Petroleum and products ----------_ 189 5 2 2 Crude oil------------------------51-----------------Diesel oil --------------------------51) ) ) Fuel oil, residual----------------72) ------) ----)---Petroleum coke-----------------11 ---------------Other and unclassified --------------4 5 2 2 Miscellaneous_-------------------------85 30 8 22 Groceries, miscellaneous------------5 ------------1 Liquors and wines -----------------5-----------------Marble and stone-------------------4 Oil, fish-------------------__-------------------Resin----------------------------5 1 Tobacco and manufactures------------5 All other and unclassified_-_-_ 61 25 8 20 Total-------------------------3,439 497 87 88 AFRICA TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES: Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous_----------------------_ -----3 1----Minerals, miscellaneous-------------------1 5 10 5 Asbestos_------------------------1 5 10 5 Ores and metals ---------------------29 21 90 Ores-----------------------------29 21 90 Alumina/bauxitie ----------------14 17 76 Chrome-----------------------12-----------Manganese ------------------------1 1 13 Other and unclassified-.-_-------------2 3 1 Other agricultural commodities -----------24 58 62 61 Cocoa and cacao beans--------------_ _12 16 20 12 Coffee ---------------------------11 40 40 49 Other and unclassified -------------1 2 2 Miscellaneous-------------------------3 14 18 24 Hemp-------------------------------3 5 7 All other and unclassified ---------------3 11 13 17 Total--------------------------28 109 112 180

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104 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Atlantic to Pacific-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year AFRICA TO WEST COAST CANADA: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Other agricultural commodities -----------15 18 4 4 Coffee-----------------------------2 4 4 Sugar ----------------------------15 16-----------Miscellaneous-----------------------------4 4 7 All other and unclassified -----------------4 4 7 Total--------------------------15 22 8 11 AFRICA TO ASIA: Canned and refrigerated foods -----------81 7 9 6 Fish, refrigerated --------------------81 7 9 6 Lumber and products, miscellaneous ---__._ 10 1 Minerals, miscellaneous -----------------10 Salt---------------------------10----------------Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------365 22 ----10 Phosphate -------------------------365 22 10 Ores and metals -----------------------20 Ores, miscellaneous -----------------9 Metals---------------------------11 ------Scrap-----------------------9 Other and unclassified -----------2 Other agricultural commodities -----------61 10 2 Cocoa and cacao beans --------------11 4 Coffee_ ---------------------------3 3 2 Cotton, raw -------------------17 Oilseeds.-------------------------28 3 Other and unclassified ---------------2 Miscellaneous_-----------------------10 4 1 1 Nuts, edible -----------------------6 1-----------All other and unclassified----------4 3 1 1 Total-------------------------557 44 12 17 ASIA (MIDDLE EAST) To AsIA: Ores and metals --_-_-----------------16 --------------Ore, copper -----------------------16. Other agricultural commodities -----------5 Cotton, raw__-----------------------5-----------------Miscellaneous--------------------------1 ------------------All other and unclassified ---------------1 ---_.---_ -----Total--------------------------22 ---------------

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 105 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EAST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods, 1968 1967 1966 1965 miscellaneous-----------------------6 44 84 110 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals-------176 220 227 204 Chemicals, unclassified------------43 92 60 81 Petroleum chemicals ----------------130 128 167 123 Detergent alkylates-------.----10 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified----------120 128 167 123 All other and unclassified -___ 3 N.A. N.A. N.A. Lumber and products-----------561 617 804 934 Boards and planks-----------------360 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plywood, veneers, composition board--. 14 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood---------------------------------1 -Other and unclassified---------------187 N.A. N.A. N.A. Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous------------------------7 1 3 Ores and metals -----------------------107 75 13 9 Ores-----------------------------107 75 13 9 Magnesite--------------------N.A. 10 12 8 Other and unclassified----------107 65 1 1 Other agricultural commodities-----------------5 ___ 10 Molasses-------------------------------_-__5 10 Petroleum and products ---------------358 246 658 781 Crude oil------------------------146 24 102 82 Diesel oil-------------------------20) ) ) Fuel oil, residual-----------------30) 64) 302) 502 Gasoline--------------------------22 27 83 43 Kerosene_-----------------------------11 11 30 Lubricating oil_--------------------121 120 112 111 Other and unclassified--------------19 ___ 48 13 Miscellaneous------------------------65 233 171 126 Fruit, dried--------------------_-__ -----6 11 11 Oil, vegetable -----------------------1 1 1 1 Wine-------------------42 43 40 48 All other and unclassified ------------22 183 119 66 Total----------------------1,280 1,440 1,958 2,177 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EAST COAST CANADA: Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------7 N.C. N.C. -N.C. Soda and sodium compounds_ -------7 N.C. N.C. N.C. Ores and metals--------------8----------Ore, copper ---------------8 Petroleum and products __--------------29 --------------Diesel oil------------------------) ) ) Fuel oil, residual-------------_---29) ------) ----)---Miscellaneous------------1---------12 All other and unclassified_ 1--I ------------12 Total----------------45 ------1------12 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EAST COAST CENTRAL AMEmCA: Petroleum and products-----------------14-------------Diesel oil----------------------------) ) ) Fuel oil, residual_------_ -----7) ------) ----)---Petroleum coke-------------------7------------------

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106 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EAST COAST Fiscal year CENTRAL AMERICA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Miscellaneous----------------------------1 2 2 All other and unclassified -----------------1 2 2 Total --------------------------14 1 2 2 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EAST COAST Sour AMERICA: Canned and refrigerated foods -----------11 14 16 15 Canned foods, miscellaneous -._____7 7 7 7 Refrigerated foods -----------------4 7 9 8 Fruit, excluding bananas--------4 7 9 8 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -------------------------16 12 13 15 Grains -------------------------------48 30-----------Wheat---------------------------48 30----------Lumber and products ---------------------31 30 26 29 Pulpwood------------------------31 30 26 29 Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous2 3 7 3 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous_----------------------2 2 2 3 Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------7 5 10 9 Borax----------------------------2 2 4 3 Infusorial earth__------------1 2 5 5 Other and unclassified ---------------4 1 1 1 Other agricultural commodities ----------19 14 20 21 Beans, edible ----------------------6 6 8 9 Peas, dry-------------------------10 4 5 7 Other and unclassified---------------3 4 7 5 Miscellaneous -------------------------24 37 51 60 Oil, vegetable_-------------------------1 5 6 Paper and paper products------------5 10 12 10 Vegetables, dry------------------------1 2 7 All other and unclassified------------19 25 32 37 Total --------------------------160 147 145 155 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO CRISTOBAL, C.Z.: Petroleum and products -----------------133 N.C. N.C. N.C. Fuel oil, residual -------------------133 N.C. N.C. N.C. Miscellaneous -------------------------3 3 4 4 All other and unclassified ------------3 3 4 4 Total --------------------------136 3 4 5 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST INDIES: Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous------------------------11 10 24 32 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals --------_ .6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Caustic soda ---------------------6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Grains ------------------------------103 102 115 130 Rice -----------------------------99 102 115 117 Wheat ---------------------------4 ----------13 Lumber and products, miscellaneous--.--8 7 7 20 Petroleum and Products -----------------200 ----------3 Crude oil-------------------------98 ----------------Diesel oil-----------------------)-----) ) Fuel oil, residual-------------------102) ----------) 3

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 107 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST INDIESFiscal year Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Miscellaneous-------------------------137 169 137 110 Paper and paper products ------------16 13 13 13 All other and unclassified_-_-_-._-_--121 156 124 97 Total--------------------------465 288 283 295 WEST COAST UNITED STATES To EuiRopE: Canned and refrigerated foods -__-------248 398 404 399 Canned foods----------------------138 250 234 270 Fish ---------------------12 18 17 19 Fruit-------------------------117 208 198 223 Other and unclassified-----------9 24 19 28 Refrigerated foods_-------------. 110 148 170 129 Fish_____ _----------------6 9 6 4 Fruit, excluding bananas---------87 125 150 111 Meat---------------------7 6 9 12 Other and unclassified-----------10 8 5 2 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals _-_--43 21 29 28 Chemicals, unclassified-------------32 19 24 24 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ---11 2 5 4 Coal and coke-------------------------51 Grains_-----------------------------108 210 681 108 Barley-----------------------__--96 154 445 56 Oats-------------------------------6 28 Rice_-----------------------------3 1 12 Wheat_----------------2 33 191 20 Other and unclassified------.-------7 17 16 20 Lumber and products-----------------513 442 454 388 Boards and planks------------------175 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plywood, veneers, composition board26 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood ------------------------183 180 185 192 Other and unclassified--------------129 N.A. N.A. N.A. Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous -10 10 12 13 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------3 5 3 114 Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------399 336 300 298 Borax----------------------------349 285 249 250 Infusorial earth_--------------------48 50 50 47 Other and unclassified---------------2 1 1 1 Oresandmetals ------------------------181 78 91 116 Ores----------------------------85 4 17 1 Copper------------------------75 -2 1 Other and unclassified----------10 4 15 Metals--------------------------96 74 74 115 Aluminum ----------------31 25 36 53 Copper -----------------------40 27 20 28 Scrap__---------------8 2 4 19 Tin, including tinplate ---------8 10 3 3 Other and unclassified ------------9 10 11 12 Other agricultural commodities -----------146 178 230 299 Beans, edible---------------------17 20 19 20 Cotton, raw----------------------13 25 42 58 Fruit, dried ------------------66 65 78 62 Oilseeds-------------------------6 25 45 105 Peas, dry------------------------38 32 36 40

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108 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO EUROPEFiscal year Continued Other agricultural commodities-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Skins and hides --------------------4 9 7 7 Other and unclassified---------------2 2 3 7 Petroleum and products -----------------492 505 462 443 Asphalt _----------------------------------6 2 Lubricating oil----------------------1 1 2 26 Petroleum coke __----------------276 278 213 201 Other and unclassified--------------215 226 241 214 Miscellaneous_ __---------------------230 260 222 205 Copra--------------------------35 28 12 7 Flour, wheat_ ----------------------2 12 8 4 Groceries, miscellaneous-------------5 8 6 4 Honey ---------------------------2 3 4 1 Nuts, edible_-----------------------3 5 8 4 Oil, vegetable---------------------5 4 8 12 Paper and paper products -----------72 68 47 46 Rags and waste_------------6 7 5 4 Resin----------------------------2 1 3 3 Seeds, excluding oilseeds------------17 22 22 20 Tallow-----------------1 3 5 6 Vegetables, dry--------------3 19 18 15 All other and unclassified --------------77 80 76 79 Total---------------------_--2,424 2,443 2,888 2,411 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO AFmCA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, Miscellaneous ------------------------8 11 9 12 Grains___-------------------------27 50 87 10 Barley---------------------------27 50 __--_10 Wheat----____---_.___---_-___-_____87----Lumber and products, miscellaneous -11 7 16 9 miscellaneous -------------------------31 44 49 66 Paper and paper products_ --__---9 20 12 23 Tallow----------------------------1 2 7 9 All other and unclassified------------21 22 30 34 Total --------------------------77 112 161 97 WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA (MIDDLE EAST): Grains -------------------------------42 60 28 -----Barley---------------------------------28 28 Wheat ------------------------42 32-----------Lumber and products, miscellaneous 5 4 3 3 Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------21 1 Borax -------------------1 21 1 Ores and metals -------------------------18 --------------Ore, copper -----------------------18 Miscellaneous -------------------------11 10 9 14 Flour, wheat -----------------------6 1 1 All other and unclassified -------------5 9 8 14 Total--------------------------77 74 61 18 WEST COAST CANADA TO EAST COAST UNITED STATES: Lumber and products ----------------1,551 1,293 1,466 1,154 Board and planks ----------------951 N.A. N.A. N.A

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 109 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST CANADA TO EAST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATEs-Continued Lumber and products-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Pulpwood --------------------------3 7 9 5 Other and unclassified597 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ------------184 117 137 24 Potash ----------------------------184 117 137 24 Miscellaneous -------------------------5 7 23 7 Paper and paper products ------------5 7 3 6 All other and unclassified ----------------------20 1 Total __-------------------------1,750 1,417 1,626 1,185 WEST COAST CANADA TO EAST COAST CANADA: Lumber and products, miscellaneous 3 6 5 9 WEST COAST CANADA TO EAST COAST Soumr AMERICA: Grains -------------------------------82 102 153 253 Barley ---------------------------10 -----------------Wheat ---------------------------72 102 153 253 Lumber and products ---------------10 14 15 16 Pulpwood -------------------------10 14 15 16 Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------17 __ 27 27 Sulfur ----------------------------17 27 27 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-6 22 4 33 Potash ---------------------------6 22 4 33 Miscellaneous ---------------------------16 15 17 11 Paper and paper products -------------9 10 11 5 All other and unclassified -------------7 5 6 6 Total --------------------------131 153 216 340 WEST COAST CANADA TO WEST INDIES: Grains -------------------------------10 -----------------Wheat ---------------------------10 Lumber and products -----------------115 107 100 108 Boards and planks -------------------66 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -----------------49 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------12 7 12 -----Potash ---------------------------12 7 12----Miscellaneous -------------------------13 17 12 14 Flour, wheat ----------------------11 14 8 8 All other and unclassified -------------2 3 4 6 Total --------------------------150 131 124 122 WEST COAST CANADA TO EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods --------------37 41 37 37 Canned foods -----------------------22 21 12 17 Fish--------------------------16 18 11 16 Other and unclassified -----------6 3 1 1 Refrigerated foods -------------------15 20 25 20 Fish ---------------6 8 7 6 Fruit, excluding bananas ---------8 8 14 14 Other and unclassified 1 4 4 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -------------------------8 4 2 1 Grains .-_ _____-.--__596 310 1,011 701

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110 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST CANADA TO EUROPE-Continued Fiscal year Grains-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Barley ----------------------------226 255 206 148 Oats -----------------------------3 5 112 44 Wheat-------------------------359 9 621 482 Other and unclassified ---------------8 41 72 27 Lumber and products_------------------2,145 1,823 1,631 1,899 Boards and planks ------------------654 N.A. N.A. N.A. Millwork --------------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plywood, veneers, composition board__153 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood -------------------------710 451 333 290 Other and unclassified --------------621 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------135 119 130 238 Asbestos --------------------------25 20 16 8 Infusorial earth ------------------2 2 5 1 Sulfur ------------------108 97 109 229 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-_ 412 284 105 -----Potash ----------------------------412 284 105 Ores and metals -----------------------202 172 186 153 Ores -----------------------------89 34 16 6 Lead8 ----11 8 Zinc -------------------------63 5 6 Other and unclassified -------------15 21 9 6 Metals --------------------------113 138 171 147 Aluminum ----------------------16 4 39 38 Lead ------------------------57 63 66 42 Zinc -------------------------32 67 61 63 Other and unclassified8 4 5 4 Other agricultural commodities --------------43 126 118 141 Oilseeds----------------------37 120 116 137 Other and unclassified -----------------6 6 2 4 Miscellaneous -------------------------183 149 137 159 Fibers, unclassified ------------------N.A. 12 ----1 Flour, wheat ---___ -1 3 Oil, fish_-______.-_____1 1 2 6 Paper and paper products ------------140 100 83 81 Rags and waste _------------------------------9------9 Seeds, excluding oilseeds. ----------7 7 19 8 Spices_ ---------------------------5 7 12 7 All other and unclassified -------------30 22 20 44 Total-------------------------3,761 3,028 3,357 3,329 WEST COAST CANADA TO AFRICA: Grains -------------------------------52 117 ______ 52 Wheat__--------------------------52 117 -____ 52 Lumber and products ------------79 73 147 138 Boards and planks ------------------22 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood_-__-_ 7 8 8 2 Other and unclassified ----------------50 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------31 42 97 58 Sulfur ----------------------------31 42 97 58 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------17 4 7 -----Potash ---------------------------17 4 7-----Ores and metals ------------------------10 15 13 11 Metal, aluminum --------------------10 15 13 11

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 111 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST COAST CANADA To AFRICA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Miscellaneous--------------------------7 20 11 10 Paper and paper products -----------------_ _1 3 2 All other and unclassified -------------7 19 8 8 Total--------------------------196 271 275 269 WEST COAST CANADA TO ASIA (MIDDLE EAST): Grains--------------------------------47 44 13 13 Barley------------------------47 44 _-_-__ 13 Wheat_------------------------------------13----Lumber and products, miscellaneous _-.---1 1 21 12 Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------5 5 _--_-10 Sulfur ------------------------5 5 ___--10 Miscellaneous-------------------------3 3 4 2 All other and unclassified-----------3 3 4 2 Total ----_---------------------56 53 38 37 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO EAST COAST UNrrED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------350 299 214 304 Refrigerated foods -------------------350 299 214 304 Bananas----------------------339 291 208 297 Meat-------------------------8 5 5 7 Other and unclassified ---------_3 3 1----Lumber and products, miscellaneous_. __-_4 3 9 4 Minerals, miscellaneous -------------------164 47 ---------Salt-_____--__-__-----___-__-___--164 47 Other agricultural commodities----_---.--355 351 223 248 Coffee---------------------------22 47 24 20 Cotton, raw_ -----------------------5 4 5 5 Molasses_-------------------------109 105 68 24 Oilseeds_--------------------------3 3 3 3 Sugar------------------------216 192 123 196 Miscellaneous_-------------------------7 6 45 83 All other and unclassified ------------7 6 45 83 Total--------------------------880 706 491 639 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMEmRICA TO EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Grains ____----------------------5 14 20 86 Wheat_ ---------------------------5 14 20 86 Miscellaneous -------------------------1 4 6 2 All other and unclassified------------1 4 6 2 Total---------------------------6 18 26 88 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO EAST COAST Soumr AMERICA: Grains-------------------------------77 ----------9 Corn----------------------------10 -----------9 Wheat----------------------------7-67 Other agricultural commodities_-------------__4 4 7 8 Beans, edible---------------------4 4 7 8 Miscellaneous-------------------------19 11 10 10 All other and unolassified------------19 11 10 10 Total--------------------------100 15 17 27

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112 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO CRISTOBAL, CZ: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Lumber and products, miscellaneous__-------1-----------_ _--_1 Miscellaneous-------------------------1 2 4 7 All other and unclassified ------------1 2 4 7 Total-__-_-__ ----_-__--2 2 4 8 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST INDIES: Canned and refrigerated foods -------------6 8 4 2 Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous 6 8 4 2 Lumber and products, miscellaneous 2 _-_-_1 5 Miscellaneous ---------------------------2 4 3 3 All other and unclassified ------------2 4 3 3 Total--------------------------10 12 8 10 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------5 12 49 16 Refrigerated foods -----------------5 12 49 16 Bananas -------------4 12 49 16 Other and unclassified -------------1 Grains ----------------------------------122 255 317 537 Corn --------------------------------114 146 249 196 Sorghum ----------------------------------95 Wheat ----------------------------8 14 68 341 Lumber and products -------------------62 61 54 43 Boards and planks -------------------44 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified-----------------18 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash 4 5 -----Ammonium compounds ---------------------------5 Fertilizers, unclassified --------------4 Other agricultural commodities -------------301 347 391 288 Coffee ----------------------------94 92 83 61 Cotton, raw -----------------------107 150 214 121 Molasses --------------------------16 Oilseeds -----------------------83 105 89 86 Peas, dry --------------------------1 5 Sugar _ 20 Miscellaneous --------------------------30 14 22 28 Honey_ ---------------------------3 3 3 3 Tobacco and manufactures ------------4 2 6 4 All other and unclassified --------------23 9 13 21 Total --------------------------524 689 838 912 WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO AFRICA: Grains --------------------------------8 322 ----Corn -------------------------------------33-----Rice------------------------------8-----------------Wheat ------------------------------------289 Lumber and products, miscellaneous_ 4 Miscellaneous-------------------------3 1 3 All other and unclassified ------------3 1 3 -----Total---------------------------15 1 325 -----WEST COAST SOUrH AMERICA TO EAST COAST UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods-------------389 458 505 614

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 113 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST SouH AMERICA TO EAST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATE-Continued iy Canned and refrigerated foods-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Canned foods, miscellaneous __-_-_-_-_ -2 3 5 5 Refrigerated foods -----------------387 455 500 609 Bananas ------------------348 426 461 573 Fish_ -------------------------6 7 5 7 Fruit, excluding bananas ------29 21 30 29 Other and unclassified-----------4 1 4 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous__------------------------2 15 5 9 Lumber and products ---------------------36 49 41 50 Boards and planks ------------20 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -----------------16 N.A. N.A. N.A. Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ----------------6 1 1 2 Minerals, miscellaneous-----------------156 29 Salt -----------------------------151 29 Soda and sodium compounds 5 N.C. N.C. N.C. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ------------696 589 458 588 Fertilizers, unclassified ---------------3--------Fishmeal------------------------481 304 124 213 Nitrate of soda ----------------------215 280 330 375 Potash----------------------------_---2 4 Ores and metals -------------------2,605 3,486 3,909 4,196 Ores ----------------------------2323 2,142 3,562 3,840 Antimony ---------------------3 7 7 4 Chrome---------------------------------------21 Copper ------------------------54 85 29 39 Iron -------------------------2,142 2,800 3,294 3,583 Lead --------------------11 3 3 5 Manganese --------3 4 5 7 Tin-------------------------16 37 15 17 Zinc -------------------------62 94 113 59 Other and unclassified -----------32 112 96 105 Metals ----------------------------282 344 347 356 Copper ------------------------184 261 275 306 Iron -------------------------2 1 1 14 Lead ------------------------47 49 29 17 Scrap ------------------------10 Zinc ----------------38 25 38 16 Other and unclassified-------1 8 4 3 Other agricultural commodities -------------895 957 818 687 Cocoa and cacao beans ----------------15 17 12 13 Coffee -----------------------179 177 166 191 Cotton, raw -----------------------6 6 8 3 Molasses ---------------------------156 234 161 86 Sugar_ -------------------------534 520 463 388 Other and unclassified -----------------5 3 8 6 Petroleum and products -------------------------75 Crude oil -------------------------------61 Diesel oil ----------------------------) ) Fuel oil, residual ----------------------14) ------) Miscellaneous 43 43 26 23 Oil, coconut 8-----------------------8-----------------Oil, whale -------------------------4 -----3 5 Vegetables, dry-6 5 2 3

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114 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EAST COAST Fiscal year UNITED STATES-Continued Fisca___ea_ Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 All other and unclassified ------------25 38 21 15 Total_-------------------------4,828 5,702 5,762 6,169 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EAST COAST CANADA: Lumber and products -------------------11 9 8 3 Boards and planks ------------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ----------------4 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------3 6 9 5 Nitrate of soda ----------------------3 6 9 5 Ores and metals -------------------_--------54 69 91 Ore, iron -----------------------------54 69 91 Other agricultural commodities --------------3 2 4 3 Coffee---------------------------3 2 4 3 Miscellaneous_ -----------------------------6 1 1 All other and unclassified ------------------6 1 1 Total ---------------------------17 77 91 103 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Lumber and products-------------------7 --------_ ___ Pulpwood-------------------------7 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------10 ---------------Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-----------_ _59 30 41 31 Fishmeal--------------------------43 16 26 21 Nitrate of soda---------------------16 14 15 10 Miscellaneous--------------------------43 41 26 12 Paper and paper products ------------_ _36 34 22 9 Allother andunclassified------------7 7 4 3 Total--------------------------119 71 67 43 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Grains-----------------------------------14-----------Wheat--------------------------------14 Lumber and products -------------------6 5 1 Pulpwood_-------------------------6 5-----------Other and unclassified_____________ __-_ 1 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------45 22 17 19 Fishmeal--------------------------34 22 17 19 Nitrate of soda ---------------------11-----------------Other agricultural commodities ------------_ _6 4 5 2 Cotton, raw_ ___------------------2 4 5 2 Other and unclassified ------------------------------Miscellaneous-------------------------35 23 27 20 Oil, fish----------------------------11 13 18 12 All other and unclassified ------------24 10 9 8 Total ---------------------------92 68 49 42 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO CRISTOBAL, C.Z.: Miscellaneous -------------------------4 5 5 6 All other and unclassified ------------4 5 5 6 Total ---------------------------4 5 5 6

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 115 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST INDIES: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Canned and refrigerated foods ------------56 60 34 27 Fish, refrigerated -------------------56 60 34 27 Petroleum and products -----------------180 28 ---------Crude oil-------------------------180 28 Miscellaneous -------------------------5 4 1 6 All other and unclassified -------------5 4 1 6 Total--------------------------241 92 35 33 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------668 665 657 466 Canned foods, miscellaneous 4 6 10 7 Refrigerated foods -----------------664 659 647 459 Bananas ---------------------639 635 597 431 Fruit, excluding bananas ---------18 17 34 25 Other and unclassified ------------7 7 16 3 Grains -------------------------------10 11 11 5 Rice ---------------------------------1 1 5 Soybeans ----------------------------7 10 Wheat ---------------------------10 3---------Lumber and products ----------------10 12 12 Z5 Boards and planks ------------------6 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified --------------4 N.A. N.A. N.A. Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ----------------------------17 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------1,331 1,235 1,272 1,591 Ammonium compounds------------------2 5 5 Fertilizers, unclassified ---------------------2 8 2 Fishmeal------------------------1,137 942 908 1,220 Nitrate of soda ----------------------192 289 351 364 Potash-----------------------------2 Ores and metals-----------------------1,673 1,809 2,890 3,405 Ores-----------------___-----1,214 1,356 2,505 2,993 Copper----------------------80 85 79 90 Iron-------------------------915 1,081 2,234 2,700 Lead------------------------81 28 47 42 Tin-------------------------57 56 51 40 Zinc --------------------------56 58 76 79 Other and unclassified----------25 48 18 42 Metals---------------------------459 453 385 412 Copper_-----------------------433 417 317 340 Iron_ _ _.---------------------------1 ___ 1 Lead_-------------------------13 20 45 35 Zinc-------------------------10 12 20 33 Other and unclassified-----------3 3 3 3 Other agricultural commodities -----------341 250 319 267 Beans, edible ------------__________ 13 7 10 22 Cocoa and cacao beans -------------25 16 10 11 Coffee---------------------------141 107 110 103 Cotton,raw_-----------------------52 53 64 57 Oilseeds_ __----------------------22 49 74 61 Sugar -----------------------------75 9 37 4 Wool, raw__________--------------8 6 10 4 Otherand unclassified -----------5 3 4 5

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116 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO EUROPEFiscal year Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Petroleum and products -----------------249 154 120 174 Crude oil --------------------------227 152 120 172 Diesel oil -__---22) ) ) Fuel oil, residual_ ) 2) ------) 2 Miscellaneous -----------------281 253 99 253 Oil, fish_ _------------------------225 192 42 169 Oil, vegetable --------------------------2 11 1 Oil, whale-_-__ -2 2 4 Vegetables, dry ----------------------16 11 7 28 Wine -----------------------------2 3 3 7 All other and unclassified ---------36 43 32 48 Total ------------------------4,563 4,406 5,380 6,186 WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO ASIA (MIDDLE EAST): Grains ----------------------------------20 --------Rice---------_---------------------20----------Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------10 4 10 18 Fishmeal --------------------------4----------3 Nitrate of soda ----------------------6 4 10 15 Miscellaneous -------------------------1 4 1 11 All other and unclassified -------------1 4 1 11 Total---------------------------11 28 11 29 BALBOA, C.Z., To EAST COAST UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods -------------4 2 5 Fish, refrigerated -----------------4 __-__2 5 Other agricultural commodities 3 __ 1 12 Coffee ---------------------------------------5 Sugar ----------------2 -1 7 Miscellaneous-_-9 2 7 8 All other and unclassified -------------9 2 7 8 Total ---------------------------16 2 10 25 HAWAII To EAST COAST UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------175 198 207 210 Canned foods ---------------------172 198 207 210 Fish -------------------------10 1 6 2 Fruit --------------------------162 197 201 208 Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous 3 Other agricultural commodities ------------256 178 274 243 Sugar ---------------------------256 178 274 243 Miscellaneous--------------------------8 9 21 12 All other and unclassified ----------------8 9 21 12 Total --------------------------439 385 502 465 HAWAII To EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods------------14 28 26 Canned fruit--------------------------14 28 26 Other agricultural commodities-.---------------35-----------Molasses ----------------------------35-----------Miscellaneous ----------------------------------1 1 All other and unclassified --------------------------1 1 Total_ 49 29 27

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 117 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year OCEANIA To EAST COAST UNrrED STATES: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Canned and refrigerated foods301 295 232 185 Canned foods, miscellaneous 9 4 3 2 Refrigerated foods -------------------292 291 229 183 Dairy products -----------------20 49 27 25 Meat -------------------------267 238 199 156 Other and unclassified 5 4 3 2 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ----------------------------55 1 Ores and metals -------------------------213 219 231 148 Ores------170 133 168 118 Lead -------------------------10 3 3 Manganese -------------------35 17------------Other and unclassified -----------125 113 168 115 Metals ---------------------------43 86 63 30 Copper -----------------------------1 8 Iron ___-----------------_ --------6 Lead ------------------------27 51 33 30 Zinc --------------------------8 16 11 Other and unclassified 8 12 11 Other agricultural commodities -------------437 433 396 368 Molasses -------------------------139 153 62 58 Skins and hides --------------18 16 21 20 Sugar -----------------------------204 192 218 219 Wool, raw ------------------------76 72 95 71 Miscellaneous ---------------------35 24 19 20 All other and unclassified --------------35 24 19 20 Total --------------------------986 1,026 879 721 OCEANIA To EAST COAST CANADA: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------54 53 38 38 Canned foods -----------------------23 18 17 12 Fruit -------------------------19 15 16 9 Other and unclassified------------4 3 1 3 Refrigerated foods -------------------31 35 21 26 Meat -------------------------29 33 21 26 Other and unclassified -----------2 2 -----------Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous -----------------------------3 -----------Ores and metals ------------------------32 33 28 18 Ores, miscellaneous ------------------29 33 26 18 Metals, miscellaneous ---------------3 2 Other agricultural commodities-----------142 179 132 140 Fruit, dried ------------------------11 14 15 14 Sugar----------------------------120 158 111 119 Wool, raw ------------------------8 6 6 7 Other and unclassified --------------3 1 ----------Miscellaneous _-------------------------6 23 8 5 Sand-----_-----------------------1 18 1 All other and unclassified--------------5 5 7 5 Total -------------------------234 291 206 201 OCEANIA To EAST COAST CENTjRAI AMERICA: Other agricultural commodities ------------11 9 10 12

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118 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] OCEANIA To EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICAFiscal yeat Continued I Other agricultural commodities-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Wool, raw-----____--------------11 9 10 12 Miscellaneous_-------------------------3 3 2 3 All other and unclassified -------------3 3 2 3 Total--------------------------14 12 12 15 OCEANIA TO EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA: Canned and refrigerated foods -------------1 1 4 1 Fruit, refrigerated, excluding bananas -------------------------1 1 4 1 Miscellaneous--------------------------10 9 4 11 Copra ----------------------------2 3 2 6 Flour, wheat ----------------------5 1-----------All other and unclassified -------------3 5 2 5 Total --------------------------11 10 8 12 OCEANIA TO CRISTOBAL, C.Z.: Grains, unclassified --------------------2 2-----------Miscellaneous -------------------------4 4 3 4 Flour, wheat_----------------------2-----------------All other and unclassified------------2 4 3 4 Total_---------------------------6 6 3 4 OCEANIA TO WEST INDIES: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------38 35 35 41 Canned foods---------------------12 13 11 16 Milk-------------------------10 11 8 11 Other and unclassified-----------2 2 3 5 Refrigerated foods-----------------26 22 24 25 Dairyproducts----------------11 8 11 8 Meat-------------------------15 14 13 17 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous------------------------10 10 22 8 Ores and metals------------------------397 127 ---------Ore, alumina/bauxite ---------------397 127----------Miscellaneous-------------------------13 19 20 23 Flour, wheat_-----------------------2 5 8 9 Tallow___-_-___---------------3 3 1 2 All other and unclassified------------8 11 11 12 Total--------------------------458 191 77 72 OCEANIA TO EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods -----------746 650 645 730 Canned foods ---------------------48 36 41 50 Fruit_----------------------9 3 3 2 Milk -------------------------31 30 36 45 Other and unclassified ------------8 3 2 3 Refrigerated foods-----------------698 614 604 680 Dairy products ----------------291 245 232 262 Fruit, excluding bananas _------45 41 53 47 Meat------------------------359 325 317 370 Other and unclassified_ 3 3 2 1 Grains-------------------------------17 --------------Wheat ----------------------------14-----------------Other and unclassified-------------------------------

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 119 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year OCEANIA To EUROPE-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Nitrates, phosphates, and potash -----------96 119 197 214 Phosphate------------------------96 119 197 214 Oresandmetals_--------------------___ 206 45 19 33 Ores_-----------------------------100 6 2 12 Alumina/bauxite----------------10 -----------------Zinc------------------------29 3 -----9 Other and unclassified----------__61 3 2 3 Metals_---------------------------106 39 17 21 Lead-------------------------51 15 4 15 Other and unclassified -----------55 24 13 6 Other agricultural commodities ------------590 306 327 356 Cocoa and cacao beans-___-_-_-_-__ ---6 2 4 2 Peas, dry_-------------------------5 5 3 5 Skins and hides--------------------49 22 20 21 Sugar ----------------------------316 161 142 189 Wool, raw ------------------------210 115 155 136 Other and unclassified--------------4 1 3 3 Miscellaneous-------------------------181 138 148 143 Copra_----------------------------103 77 86 71 Groceries, miscellaneous-------------4 1 2 1 Oil, coconut -----------------------21 11 15 18 Seeds, excluding oilseeds ---------------10 11 12 5 Tallow----------------------------13 12 10 21 Other and unclassified ---------------30 26 23 27 Total -------------------------1,836 1,258 1,336 1,476 AsIA To EAST COAST UNITED STATES: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------178 158 133 126 Canned foods---------------------162 145 122 115 Fish_-------------------------52 46 38 38 Fruit------------------------88 79 68 65 Vegetables--------------------11 5 5 5 Other and unclassified -------------11 15 11 7 Refrigerated foods ------------------16 13 11 11 Fish -------------------------13 12 10 10 Other and unclassified-----------3 1 1 1 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals --------42 107 69 24 Chemicals, unclassified-------------38 106 69 24 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-.-4 1 Lumber and products -------------------516 407 434 319 Boards and planks ------------------22 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plywood, veneers, composition board -413 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified--------------81 N.A. N.A. N.A. Machinery and equipment---------------212 172 170 104 Agricultural machinery and implements-----------------------6 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts. ---------------------------54 35 26 12 Construction machinery and equipment----------------------9 N.A. N.A. N.A. Electrical machinery and apparatus ---94 75 52 42 Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts_.-_-20 12 48 18 Other and unclassified--------------29 50 44 32

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120 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year ASIA TO EAST COAST UNITED STATEs-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Manufactures of iron and steel-_---------3,641 2,836 2,851 1,858 Angles, shapes, and sections ------------167 N.A. N.A. N.A. Nails, tacks, and spikes 89 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils 1,366 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittin s 196 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods -----------295 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified ---------------1,528 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous------------------12------------------Infusorial earth --------------------12 Ores and metals -----------------------207 301 515 281 Ores---------------------134 208 384 216 Chrome ----------------------108 156 316 202 Iron---------------------------20 16 21----Magnesite ----------------------N.A. 23 21 2 Manganese_ --------------------1 9 25 11 Other and unclassified ------------5 4 1 1 Metals ---------------------------73 93 131 65 Iron --------------------------34 33 55 27 Tin, including tinplate -------------14 5 8 9 Zinc---_. 24 20 12 3 Other and unclassified -------------1 35 56 26 Other agricultural commodities -1,170 1,169 1,232 1,172 Coffee ----------------------------22 15 14 5 Molasses ------------------------------15 24 30 Rubber, raw ------------------------133 78 55 62 Sugar ---------------------------1,010 1,059 1,133 1,074 Other and unclassified -----------------5 2 6 1 Miscellaneous ------------------------1,299 1,218 1,200 1,044 Bricks and tile ----------------------59 50 61 45 Clay, fire and china 8-------------------Copra ----------------------------35 35 44 33 Fibers -----------------38 48 67 48 Animal ----------------------------N.A. N.A. N.A. Plant-------------------38 32 42 36 Unclassified --------------------N.A. 16 25 12 Floor coverings ---------------------22 24 25 21 Glass and glassware -----------------44 33 34 22 Groceries, miscellaneous ---------------14 18 8 10 Oil, coconut ----------------------122 99 96 121 Oil, vegetable ---------------------9 10 4 1 Oil, whale -------------------------12 2 ---___ 11 Paper and paper products ------------4 11 4 3 Porcelainware------------------74 87 92 90 Resin ----------------------------7 5 2 1 Rubber, manufactured ---------------23 34 29 16 Slag -----------------------------4 8 5 Spices ----------------------------9 6 5 6 Textiles ---------------------------173 157 151 143 Tobacco and manufactures -----------14 6 8 12 All other and unclassified --------------628 585 565 461 Total --------------------------7,277 6,368 6,604 4,928

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 121 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year AsA To EAST COAST CANADA: 1968 1967 1966 1965 Canned and refrigerated foods------------10 8 5 5 Canned foods, miscellaneous __------10 8 5 5 Lumber and products-------------------35 35 24 22 Plywood, veneers, composition board .30 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified----------------_ _5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Manufactures of iron and steel ------------56 62 98 52 Plates, sheets, and coils ---------_ -9 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Wire, bars, and rods-----------------_ _8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified---------------32 N.A. N.A. N.A. Ores and metals----------------------13 21 27 11 Ores ------------------------11 19 19 9 Chrome_----------------------8 17 77 9 Other and unclassified ------------3 2 2----Metals, miscellaneous---------------2 2 8 2 Miscellaneous--------------------------94 96 78 57 Bricks and tile---------------------7 4 5 4 Nuts, edible ------------------------8 8 2----Porcelainware------------------6 8 9 6 Textiles_--------------------------6 12 8 9 Other and unclassified ---------------67 64 54 38 Total--------------------------208 222 232 147 AsuA To EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA: Machinery and equipment ----------------4 10 4 ----Electrical machinery and apparatus -__2 5 2 Other and unclassified---------------2 5 2 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ------------------------6 9 5 2 Other agricultural commodities ------------_ _9 8 5 6 Miscellaneous_--------------------------4 9 11 11 All other and unclassified -------------4 9 11 11 Total ---------------------------23 36 25 19 AsmA To EAST COAST Sour AMERICA: Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ------------------------4 5 5 3 Machinery and equipment ---------------15 19 11 11 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts------------------------4 3-----------Electrical machinery and apparatus -_ -6 7 5 4 Other and unclassified---------------5 9 6 7 Manufactures of iron and steel -------------170 163 162 209 Plates, sheets, and coils --------------53 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings -----------4 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unlassified ------------113 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous ----------------------8-----------Infusorialearth. -------------------------8----------Ores and metals_-.___---------------48 42 36 34 Metals---------------------------48 42 36 34 Tin, including tinplate -----------39 32 27 24 Other and unclassified------------_ _9 10 9 10 Miscellaneous-------------------------87 114 104 112

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122 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] ASIA To EAST COAST SouTH AMERICAFiscal year Continued Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Copra_----------------------------25 43 44 42 Creosote ---------------------------1 -_ 1 Porcelainware----------------------3 2 4 3 Railroad materials_----------___ -----------------11 Textiles_--------------------------_ 7 7 7 6 All other and unclassified -------------52 61 49 49 Total _--------------------------324 351 318 369 AsIA To CRIsTOBA., C.Z.: Machinery and equipment ---------------6 7 6 5 Electrical machinery and apparatus-___ 4 5 4 3 Other and unclassified---------------2 2 2 2 Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.----------------------7 8 8 4 Other agricultural commodities-----------------1 1 2 Rubber, raw--------------------------1 1 2 Miscellaneous -------------------------26 21 23 24 Textiles _--------------------------4 4 3 3 All other and unclassified------------22 17 20 21 Total ---------------------------39 37 38 35 AsIA TO WEST INDIES: Canned and refrigerated foods ------------20 7 16 9 Canned foods, miscellaneous----------10 3 3 2 Fish, refrigerated------------------10 4 13 7 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-----------------------2 3 4 1 Coal and coke------------------------------------37 23 Grains-------------------------------138 10 18 13 Rice-----------------------------118 -_____ 8 8 Soybeans_--------------------20 10 10 5 Lumber and products ---------------------49 66 67 52 Pulpwood_ ------------------------9 7 6 6 Other and unclassified---------------40 59 61 46 Machinery and equipment ---------------25 15 8 10 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts------------------------13 8 4 2 Electrical machinery and apparatus ---_ 7 5 3 4 Other and unclassified---------------5 2 1 4 Manufactures of iron and steel ------------60 35 37 21 Plates, sheets, and coils--------------20 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and-fittings -------------8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified -----------------32 N.A. N.A. N.A. Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------34 26 5 Sulfur----------------------------34 26 5----Ores and metals-----------------------21 20 20 3 Metal, tin, including tinplate ---------21 20 20 3 Other agricultural commodities------------1 3 1 Beans, edible------------------1 ---_ 3 1 Petroleum and products---------------------------17 Gasoline-----------------------------------17 Miscellaneous-------------------------120 97 77 77 Bricks and tile--------------------5 3 3 3

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 123 Table 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes Pacific to Atlantic-Continued [Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year AsIA TO WEST INDIES-Continued _ica__ya_ Miscellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965 Cement_--------------------------40 36 20 4 Glass and glassware ------------------------------1 4 Paper and paper products-----------------3----------Porcelainware-----------------------6 4 5 13 Textiles--------------------------9 10 12 19 All other and unclassified------------60 41 36 34 Total--------------------------470 279 309 210 AsIA To EUROPE: Canned and refrigerated foods -----------86 16 16 12 Canned foods----------------_----68 7 9 10 Fish -------------------------37 4 7 8 Fruit-------------------------22 2 2 2 Other and unclassified -----------9 1-----------Refrigerated foods ------------------18 9 7 2 Fish-.------------------------14 9 4 2 Other and unclassified ------------4 --------3 Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous -------------------------31 31 37 21 Lumber and products ----------------32 9 8 12 Boards and planks ------------------5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plywood, veneers, composition board_-_ 14 N.A. N.A. N.A. Pulpwood------------------------5 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified--------------8 N.A. N.A. N.A. Machinery and equipment ----------------79 8 10 3 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts-----------------------26 7 9 1 Electrical machinery and apparatus.-_-_ 21 1 1 1 Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts ------12 ----------1 Other and unclassified --------------20-----------------Manufactures of iron and steel ------------153 12 22 10 Angles, shapes, and sections---------7 N.A. N.A. N.A. Plates, sheets, and coils--------------86 N.A. N.A. N.A. Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------------24 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other and unclassified--------------36 N.A. N.A. N.A. Miscellaneous --------------------------298 103 71 69 Bricks and tile_---------------------29 1 Copra_----------------------------4 Oil, coconut_-----------------------31 51 38 32 Oil, whale ------------------------36 17 _9 Paper and paper products ------------2 3 3 4 Porcelainware---------------------16 1 1 2 Resin----------------------------8 4 6 2 Rubber, manufactured ----------------11 1 1 Textiles ---------------------------39 4 5 3 All other and unclassified_------------122 21 17 17 Total --------------------------679 179 164 127 AsA To AFmCA: Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous.-_4 N.C. N.C. N.C. Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.-----------------------3 Miscellaneous--------------------------4 -5 2 All other and unclassified--------------4 -5 2 Total---------------------------11 -__-5 2

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124 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 25.-Water Supply and Usage Percent Fiscal year of usage, fscal year (Acre feet) MADDEN AND GATUN LAKE WATER SUPPLY: 1968 1967 1968 1967 Total runoff, Madden Lake Basin ----------1,957,047 2,564,991 Evaporation from Madden Lake -----------42,952 44,398 Available for Madden Lake uses --------1,914,095 2,520,593 Total runoff, Gatun Lake (area below Madden) -----------------------2,896,648 3,513,774 Subtotal --------------------------4,810,743 6,034,367 Evaporated from Gatun Lake -------------466,988 482,002 Available for Gatun Lake uses ----------4,343,755 5,552,365 MADDEN LAKE WATER USAGE: Madden hydroelectric power ------------1,612,534 1,786,088 79 72 Madden spillway discharge ------------__ 416,736 702,480 21 28 Total, Madden Lake usage ------------2,029,270 2,488,568 100 100 Madden Lake volume ------------------321,625 436,800 Gain or loss in storage ------------------115,175 +32,025 GATuN LAKE WATER USAGE: Gatun hydroelectric power ----------------1,640,702 1,878,742 36 35 Gatun and Pedro Miguel lockages ---------2,265,657 2,084,573 50 39 Municipal and other uses ----------------77,479 73,990 2 1 Subtotal-----------_-----------3,983,838 4,037,305 88 75 Gatun spillway discharge --------------__ 581,084 1,345,501 12 25 Total, Gatun Lake usage --------------4,564,922 5,382,806 100 100 Net annual runoff, Gatun Lake Basin -------4,343,755 5,552,365 Gatun Lake volume -----------------___ 4,252,158 4,358,150 Gain or loss in storage ---------------___--105,992 -137,535 Table 26.-Dredging Operations Fiscal Year 1968 [Cubic yards] MAINTENANCE DREDGING: Earth Rock Total Pacific entrance _-----------------------482,650 66,050 548,700 Gatun Lake and Gaillard Cut -------------295,600 84,250 379,850 Harbors __----------------------------475,650 61,150 536,800 Total maintenance dredging -----------1,253,900 211,450 1,465,350 CONSTRUCTION DREDGING: Gatun Lake and Gaillard Cut -------------170,521 1,079,479 1,250,000 Total construction dredging -------------170,521 1,079,479 1,250,000 AUXILIARY DREDGING: Rodman Naval Station ------------------101,300 11,300 112,600 Diablo Spinning Club. -------------------1,360 _------1,360 Barro Colorado Island-------------------1,200 --_.---1,200 Total auxiliary dredging ---------------103,860 11,300 115,160 Grand total, fiscal year 1968 -----------1,528,281 1,302,229 2,830,510 Grand total, fiscal year 1967 -----------2,119,350 627,200 2,746,550

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PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 125 Table 27.-Electric Power Generated [Kilowatt hours] Fiscal year Gross Power Generated: 1968 1967 Gatun Hydro Station--------------------100,840,500 116,370,400 Madden Hydro Station.--------------------189,773,400 204,666,200 Thermal Stations, Panama Canal------------322,176,400 263,767,900 Total generated -----------------------612,790,300 584,804,500 Consumed for station service ----_--__-_--------7,730,708 7,467,107 Net generated output------------------605,059,592 577,337,393 Received from military diesel units_--------------1,038,500 _-__-__-__Received from Fuerza y Luz (net).---------------8,424,000 3,504,400 Total-------------------------------614,522,092 580,841,793 Distributed to consumers------------------574,446,931 540,808,535 System Losses: Kilowatt hours-------------------------47,805,869 47,500,365 Percent_------------------------------7.7 8.1 Peakload (kilowatts) ----------------------95,400 92,100 Date ---------------------------------April 8,1968 March 6, 1967 System load factor (percent).-------------------74.2 72.1

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT Balboa Heights, C.Z. OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Honorable THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY, Washington, D.C. My DEAR MR. SECRETARY: It is my pleasure to submit the annual report of the Canal Zone Government covering fiscal year 1968. Very respectfully, W. P. LEBER, Governor. 127

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF ARMY GOVERNOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR INTERNAL SECURITY OFFICE OF CIVIL AFFAIRS HEALTH OFFICE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY BUREAU BUREAU CHIEF EXECUTIVE SECRETARY DIRECTOR DIRECTOR ADVISOR To THE GOVERNORPRESIDENT ENFORCEMENT OF REGULATIONS AND POLICIES SCHOOLS P MEDICINE 4MB HI S STAFF ON ALL INTELLIGENCE GOVERNING BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN THE POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION HPITLENTION N MEDIC ALNE N SECURITYY MATTERS. CANALZONE, INCLUDING LICENSES FOR INPOSTAL SERVICE SUPERVISES AND CONDUCTS THE AUTHORU HANCE COMPANIES AND FOREIGN CORY C S R NICS H H HHHRHHY. PUCHS R PHSY Y RIVILEGE S. TE CUT S RVIC VEEINR MEICN ZED SECURITY PROGRAM FOR THE COMPORRIATIONSUCHEPivEGSNTE CUTM EVE PANY -GOVERNMENT.CNLZNAVNEATOIAIN SHIPPING COMMISSIONER EENAYEDCE FOR PERSONS TO ENTER THE CANAL ZONE ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES MENTAL HEALTH RESPONSIBLE FOR COORDINATION OF ADVISOR AND LIAISON OFFICER ON DIPLOLICENSING INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY REOUIREMATIC RELATIONS. IMMIGRATION SERVICE MENTS SF ARNED FoRCES AND OTHER CIVIL DEFENSE US.GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IN THE CUSTODIAN OF THE SEAL OF THE CANAL PROBATION AND PAROLE CANA L ZON E EX CLUSIVE OF MILITARY ZONE GOVERNMENT. INSTALLATIONS. CONSULAR OFFICER FOR ISSUANCE 01 UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION VISAS. MAGISTRATE COURTS. EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT TO, PRESIDENT, PANAMA CANAL COMPANY. PROTOCOL OFFICE JUNE 30,1968

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Jntrodiuction The Canal Zone Government, under the direction of the Governor who is ex officio the President of the Panama Canal Company, administers those functions vital to the well being of any contemporary community. Basic services such as hospitals and public health, education, police and fire protection, and special programs are part of Canal Government service activities provided for residents and at no cost to the U.S. taxpayer. The Canal Zone Government operates on yearly appropriations from the Congress, but returns to the U.S. Treasury all revenue collected for the various governmental services. The net balance of appropriation over revenue is reimbursed to the Treasury by the Panama Canal Company. 129

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Chapter I GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES HEALTH During fiscal year 1968 public health facilities continued to provide services to all Panama Canal Company/Government employees and their dependents, military personnel, and other residents of the Canal Zone as well as authorized residents of the Republic of Panama. Health services are offered by the various divisions of the Health Bureau which provide hospital and clinic service, preventive medicine, sanitation, and veterinary services. Hospitals and Clinics The principal hospital and clinical facilities in the Canal Zone include: Gorgas Hospital on the Pacific side; Coco Solo Hospital on the Atlantic side; Palo Seco, a specialized limited hospital for the treatment of Hansen's disease located on the Pacific side, and Corozal, the Pacific side mental hospital. There were 8,756 admissions to Gorgas Hospital during the year for a daily average census of 245.6, with an average length of patient stay of 9.8 days. Gorgas outpatient clinics workload increased by 8 percent over the previous year to 196,313 patients. The daily average census at Coco Sollo Hospital increased from 87.5 in 1967 to 93.7 in 1968; the outpatient load increased approximately 6 percent to 84,388 patients during the year. Both Palo Seco and Corozal hospitals showed a planned decrease in occupied beds in 1968 compared to the previous year. Average inpatient load at Corozal decreased from 189.7 to 180.4 while Palo Seco had a total of 80 occupied beds at year end compared to 88 previously. The renovation of old buildings of Gorgas Hospital continued during the year and when completed will provide more modern facilities for all clinical and administrative services. A contract for renovation work at Coco Solo Hospital was awarded during the year. Preventive Medicine The preventive medicine program in the Canal Zone is designed to safeguard the health of the community and thus helps to maintain the efficiency of Company/Government employees. Important to this goal is the prevention of the introduction of non-indigenous disease into the Canal Zone through maritime and aircraft quarantine. 131

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132 GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES With the exception of an outbreak of influenza type A 2 the Canal Zone was free of epidemic disease in 1968. No quarantinable disease was reported for shipping although some 15,500 vessels involving more than one half million persons passed through the Canal Zone. High levels of immunization continued to be promoted throughout the year with mumps vaccine being introduced for the first time. The pre-school health roundup was held during the year for kindergarten and first grade students in the U.S. and Latin American school systems. In addition, active participation in the tuberculosis control program was accelerated in 1968 with the arrival of a mobile chest X-ray unit. Medical, nursing and industrial hygiene personnel were all involved in the activity with medical personnel of Gorgas chest service interpreting the films, screening suspicious cases, and referring those with conditions other than pulmonary pathology. Sanitation Canal Zone Government sanitation activities involve the surveillance of the entire Canal Zone with concentration of activities on approximately 50 square miles of sanitated areas encompassing 15 townsites. Malaria eradication continued in 1968 to be the major sanitation program involving as it did over two thirds of Sanitation Division man hours. All drainage ditches were maintained within a 1 mile range of townsites, and larva hunting and larvaciding were combined in order to hold the disease to a minimum. Complete eradication of malaria in the Canal Zone will not be accomplished until it is first eliminated from the Republic of Panama. In 1968 there were three new Zone cases and one relapse compared to seven cases and two relapses in the previous year. In addition to malaria control sanitation activities included surveil ance for the yellow fever mosquito (negative in 1968), inspection of food establishments with the additional giving of English and Spanish training sessions to food handlers, the taking of water and milk samples, and extensive bat proofing operations in 'the Gamboa area as well as review of the Atlantic side sand fly problem. Veterinary Activities Veterinary activities primarily involve the inspection of food processing and food production facilities in the Republic of Panama and the Canal Zone, as well as inspection of the food items provided by Panamanian firms and Zone processing units to the Company/Government organization. The number of Panamanian food sources approved for the sale of product in the Canal Zone increased during the year as it has in all recent past years. Food control formed the basic workload with antemortem and postmortem examinations and subsequent grading being performed on 5,722 steers. Of these some 38 percent were rejected for failure to comply with grade, were diseased, were emaciated, or were excessively trimmed carcasses. In addition to beef some 205,000 pounds of other meat items were inspected

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT 133 and approximately 111,000 dozen eggs were admitted from approved Panamanian firms. Inspections of approved food processing establishments in the Republic of Panama and the Canal Zone totaled 1,109 during the year and included fish and shrimp packing plants, abattoirs, butter printing units, ice cream and cheese manufacturing establishments, beverage bottling plants, confectionaries, and various other facilities. As in previous years it was necessary during 1968 to remove certain Panamanian dairies from the list of approved food sources when their raw milks were found to have been watered, to contain excessive bacteria, or when milking practices or sanitation levels failed to conform to standards. Quarantine and small animal hospital facilities are also an important adjunct to veterinary activities with quarantine and small animal shelters maintained at Corozal on the Pacific side and at'Mindi on the Atlantic side. EDUCATION Public education in the Canal Zone includes the provision of schools, special education facilities and a library-museum and its various field facilities. Their function is to provide modern educational facilities to all eligible persons on the Isthmus. Schools and Special Education The Canal Zone school system is divided between the U.S. citizen schools and Latin American schools which parallel the instruction system of schools in the United States or in the Republic of Panama. Both systems provide public school level education from kindergarten through high school; the Canal Zone College offers to both groups higher education on a tuition basis. Total enrollment in the Canal Zone schools reached 15,167 students at all educational levels for a 1.5 percent increase over the prior year. The continued rise in the U.S. student population was partially offset by the decline, long a trend, in non U.S. citizen students. The major increase in the U.S. school population came in the 1st through 9th grades and was primarily due to the increase in the Canal Zone military population. Approximately 60 percent of 1968's U.S. school population was military sponsored. Intensive and well attended summer recreation programs were operated in both systems as were elementary and secondary summer school classes. Other education services included an observatory at Miraflores and adult evening and summer school classes at La Boca and Rainbow City administered by the Canal Zone College. A program of special education is also offered for children who are mentally handicapped, physically retarded and/or speech defective. Library-Museum The Canal Zone library-museum serves the Panama Canal organization as an official reference and technical resource library, the residents of the Canal Zone as a general public library, and in three branches operates school community libraries, two in Latin American communities with Spanish language

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134 GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES material predominating. In addition, there are four small circulating libraries in Canal Zone communities and three job site libraries. Library services are available to Company/Government employees, to the military, and to the U.S. citizens and eligible Panamanians residing in Panama. Extension services are also offered to Canal Zone schools and to patients at Gorgas Hospital. A small local history museum supplements the library's Panama collection, a unique, special collection centered on the history of the Canal. In fiscal 1968, the circulation index rose to 654,000 items circulated during the year. The demand for reference work remained very high but was down slightly from the previous year when the workload almost exceeded capacity. POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION The Canal Zone police and fire departments under Canal Zone Government jurisdiction provide services comparable to those provided by similar groups in any metropolitan area of the United States. Police Protection The Police Division provides a general police protection for the entire Canal Zone, operates common jails, a penitentiary and a prison for women and juveniles. The division is also responsible for examinations for motor vehicle operator permits. The number of serious offenses (burglaries, larcenies, robberies, felonious assault, etc.) reported to police decreased slightly from 1,818 in 1967 to 1,800 in 1968. The number of traffic accidents increased from 1,057 to 1,260 in 1968, or up 19 percent. A total of 7,969 persons were arrested (including traffic arrests) during the year while offenses committed reached 8,300. Two prisoners escaped from Gamboa penitentiary during the year with one being returned to confinement and the other dead due to accidental drowning in Canal waters. The total penitentiary inmate population was 122 prisoners at year end. Fire Protection The Canal organization Fire Department is responsible for fire protection and firefighting functions in the Canal Zone, including structural firefighting in Canal Zone military areas. During the year Company/Government buildings, employee quarters, industrial installations, and floating equipment were inspected and all fire equipment was appropriately maintained. The Fire Division also continued its program of training firefighters and fire officers from other countries; a total of 59 persons from Venezuela and Panama were trained in 1968. One very important function of the division is combating ship fires in the Canal area. A total of 14 such fires were dealt with in 1968 versus only 6 in 1967. The importance of the division's activities in this area is not based on the danger to human life but also to the prevention of a major disaster which could conceivably close the Canal to commerce.

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z The "Rebecca,' rivets sheared and spilling volatile fuel on fire represents a near disaster, one which was promptly squelched by all hands available. e

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136 GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES vrr 44-e The outstanding performance by firefighting personnel as well as all others concerned is clearly depicted in this photo of the tug "Arraijan" snugged up to the danger area.

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT 137 MISCELLANEOUS GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES A number of other activities are carried on under the auspices of the Canal Zone Government such as: postal, licensing, civil defense, special services, and probation. Though the functions are basically routine they must be carried out with skill and imagination if they are to be of true usefulness to the community. Postal During the year the Canal Zone postal service operated 18 postal units with 9 in civilian locations and 9 on military reservations. The workload for the year increased a substantial 6 percent as military units increased their population thus increasing the number and weight of mail handled. In addition to the regular load considerable assistance was rendered to the Republic of Panama in a joint effort -to improve their mail system. Increases in U.S. domestic postage rates caused comparable increases in Canal Zone rates with the changeover being smoothly handled. New stamps, approved by the Governor, were printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Washington, D.C., and were issued during the year. A new money order form was also put into use during the year wich required some additional handling equipment and print punch equipment. Licenses The License Section issues vehicle, land and miscellaneous licenses, and permits for the Canal Zone. This unit, like almost all other Government organizations, had an increased workload during the year. The comparative table below shows the licensing workload for 1967 and 1968: Fiwcl year 1968 1697 Vehicle Licenses -----------------------------------20,248 19,350 Registrations-----------------------------------26,251 25,029 Operator Licenses ___----------------------------------13,824 13,470 Miscellaneous Licenses _-_--_---------------------------3,566 3,737 Land Licenses in Force ---------------------------------749 746 Civil Defense, Special Services and Probation Civil defense activities in the Canal Zone parallel efforts of the same type by comparable units in the United States. During the year joint exercises with Canal Zone military units were performed in order to test operational coordination of civil defense plans and military support plans. The special service program was established to meet the recreational needs of the residents of Canal Zone communities. The workload during the year consisted of the processing of requests for assistance in recreation projects as well as the scheduling of projects and the budgeting of funds. The probation and parole officer function in the Canal Zone meets the legal requirements, and also serves to fill additional investigative duties as directed by the United States Attorney, the U.S. District Court for the District of the Canal Zone, and Canal Zone Magistrate's Courts. During fiscal 1968 there were 233 investigations conducted by the probation and parole unit as compared to 198 for the preceding year.

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Chapter II FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELATED SUPPLEMENTARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968 The financial statements of the Canal Zone Government appearing as tables 1 through 4, with the accompanying notes, present the financial position of the agency at June 30, 1968, and the financial results of its operations for the fiscal year then ended. All statements have been examined by the General Auditor of the Panama Canal Company and are subject to audit by the General Accounting Office. Detailed audit reports of the General Accounting Office are directed to the Congress and are presented as congressional documents. Activities of the agency are initially financed by congressional appropriations. Operating appropriations are available for obligations only in the year for which the appropriations are made. Capital appropriations are available until expended. The agency's operating accounts are kept on an accrued cost basis, including depreciation of fixed assets, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, while the status of appropriated funds is determined on an obligations incurred basis. The agency's revenues are derived from charges to individuals and other Government agencies using its services. All revenues thus received are remitted to the U.S. Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. The excess of total accrued costs, including depreciation, over revenues (net cost of Canal Zone Government) is payable to the U.S. Treasury by, and treated as an expense of, the Panama Canal Company in accordance with the requirements of section 62 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code. All operating and capital funds expended by the Canal Zone Government are thus eventually returned to the U.S. Treasury, with no cost to the U.S. taxpayer. The agency also operates a postal savings and money order system. Funds on deposit in the postal savings account are invested in U.S. Government securities at rates of interest to cover the 2 percent interest paid to depositors and expenses of the service. 139

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140 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Aguets 1968 1967 CUPMENT ASSETS: Fund balances with U.S. Treasury and cash: Fund balances in U.S. Treasury checking account--------------------------$10,317,559 $12,920,783 Cash on hand and in transit-----------------267,200 210,805 10,584,759 13,131,588 U.S. Treasury bonds and notes, at cost -----------1,800,000 2,200,000 Accounts receivable: U.S. Government agencies -----------------861,802 667,412 Republic of Panama ----------------------1,682,456 1,439,054 Accrued interest receivable on postal fund investments_------------------------__ 6,875 9,792 Other---------------------------------505,393 490,229 3,056,526 2,606,487 Inventory of hospital supplies ------------------298,164 334,828 Other current assets -------------------------3,794 2,013 Total current assets _------------------------15,743,243 18,274,916 SUms DUE FROM FUTURE APPROPRIATIONS -----------6,704,264 5,943,348 FIXED ASSETs (table 4): Cost ------------------------------------81,281,886 78,400,986 Less depreciation and valuation allowances -27,591,834 25,818,481 53,690,052 52,582,505 $76,137,559 $76,800,769 Invested Capital Invested capital consists of fixed assets and inventories of materials and supplies less allowances for depreciation and obsolescence of fixed assets. Certain fixed assets amounting to $279,000, which represents defense expenditures by the Department of Defense and excess facilities transferred to the Canal Zone Government, have been eliminated from these statements. Table 2 shows the status of this fund and appropriated funds at the beginning and end of the year, and summarizes the changes which occurred during the year. Capital Expenditures Capital expenditures for the year amounted to $3.2 million. Of that

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT 141 Condition June 30, 1968 and 1967 Liabilities and Equity 1968 1967 CURRENT LIABILrrIEs: Accounts payable: Due U.S. Treasury ----------------------$3,365,152 $3,411,257 Panama Canal Company and other U.S. Government agencies-------------------------595,674 3,280,211 3,960,826 6,691,468 Postal money orders payable ------------------764,139 747,374 Less advance deposits with U.S. Post Office Department -------------------------------288,895 162,544 475,244 584,830 Postal savings certificates ----------------------1,413,683 1,847,482 Accrued liabilities: Salaries and wages -----------------------938 462,816 Employees' leave ------------------------3,396,464 2,924,348 Employees' repatriation ---------------------285,800 255,000 Relief payments to former employees ---------111,000 118,000 Other ----------------------------------7,894 5,585 3,802,096 3,765,749 Other current liabilities -------------------------138,729 75,742 Total current liabilities -----------------------9,790,578 12,965,271 LONG-TERM LIABILrrIES: Employees' repatriation ------------------------2,165,000 2,075,000 Relief payments to former employees -------------746,000 571,000 2,911,000 2,646,000 EQUITY OF U.S. GOVERNMENT (table 2): Operating funds----------------------------265,849 360,950 Capital funds --------------------------------9,181,916 7,911,215 Invested capital ----------------------------53,988,216 52,917,333 63,435,981 61,189,498 $76,137,559 $76,800,769 NOTE-The Canal Zone Government has outstanding $3.4 million under uncompleted construction contracts and unfilled purchase orders. In addition, the Canal Zone Government is liable for an indeterminable amount with respect to death and disability payments under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act. The maximum liability which could result from outstanding claims and lawsuits is estimated to be $476 thousand. amount $1.2 million was expended for additions and improvements to educational facilities and $0.6 million was expended for alterations and additions to Gorgas hospital. Capital expenditures for the preceeding fiscal year amounted to $4.6 million. Financial Results The net cost of operating Canal Zone Government amounted to $22.5 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1968, as compared to $21.7 million for the preceding fiscal year. The net costs of Canal Zone Government are absorbed as expense of the Panama Canal Company, which in turn reimburses the U.S. Treasury for this amount. Further details are set out in table 3 of the accompanying statements.

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142 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 2.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 Operating Capital Invested EQUrry AT JULY 1, 1967: Total funds funds capital Unobligated funds -_----------------------------6,875,415 -----------6,875,415 Obligated funds _-------------------------------1,396,750 $360,950 1,035,800 Invested capital: Fixed assets, net .--------------------------52,582,505 ---------------------52,582,505 Inventories .--------------------------------334,828 -----------------------334,828 61,189,498 360,950 7,911,215 52,917,333 INCREASES IN EQUrry: Appropriations by the Congress.------------------40,500,000 36,000,000 4,500,000 DECREASES IN EQTrrY: Net cost of Canal Zone Government (table 3): Accrued operating expenses -------------------35,693,506 35,693,506 Depreciation ------------------------------1,900,956 ---------------------1,900,956 Plant adjustments, net ------------------------196,819 --------------------196,819 Increase in liabilities for: Employees' accrued leave-----------------472,116 ---------------------472,116 Employees' repatriation-------------------120,800 ------.--------------120,800 38,384,197 35,693,506 -----------2,690,691 Less recovery of costs .----------------------15,847,250 15,847,250 22,536,947 19,846,256 ------------2,690,691 Other decreases: Recovery of costs coverable into U.S. Treasury: From regular operations.-----------------15,847,250 15,847,250 Fromdispositionoffixedassets-------------23,977 ----------------------23,977 Unobligated operating funds withdrawn by U.S. Treasury, net of restorations amounting to $22,521.---------------------------------438,259 438,259 16,309,486 16,285,509 ------------23,977 Less increase in liabilities for employees' accrued leave and repatriation, not coverable into U.S. Treasury until funds have been appropriated therefor.---------------------------------592,916 ----------------------592,916 15,716,570 16,285,509 -----------(568,939) 38,253,517 36,131,765 -----------2,121,752 TRANSFERS BETWEEN FUNDS: Capital expenditures --_----------------------------------------------(3,165,576) 3,165,576 Removal costs of plant retirements ------------------------------------(63,723) 63,723 Decrease in inventories .------------------------------------36,664 ------------(36,664) .------.36,664 (3,229,299) 3,192,635 Total increase or (decrease) _--------------------2,246,483 (95,101) 1,270,701 1,070,883 EQuIry AT JUNE 30, 1968: Unobligated funds ._.-----------------------------6,080,943 111 6,080,832 Obligated funds ..-------------------------------3,366,822 265,738 3,101,084 Invested capital: Fixed assets, net.-----------------------------53,690,052 ----------------------53,690,052 Inventories ..--------------------------------298,164 ----------------------298,164 TOTAL ----------------------------------------------$63,435,981 $265,849 $9,181,916 $53,988,216

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT 143 Table 3.-Statement of Operations, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968 Operating Expenses Net cost of overations Other borne by Accrued non-fund Panama Funded deprecharges Canal CIVIL FUNCTIONS: ---------------costs ciation and credits Total Recoveries Company Office of director -----------$179,385 $180 $6,663 $186,228 ----------$186,228 Customs and immigration. -695,056 1,058 2,135 698,249 $40,040 658,209 Postal service--------------1,337,777 13,440 8,507 1,359,724 1,444,088 (84,364) Police protection-----------4,012,356 55,268 98,383 4,166,007 24,801 4,141,206 Fire protection-------------1,567,971 32,620 20,441 1,621,032 781,741 839,291 Judicial system------------116,088 1,945 3,993 122,026 74,081 47,945 Education----------------10,922,367 657,238 15,779 11,595,384 6,856,939 4.738,445 Public areas and facilities. 1,575,059 633,659 ---------2,208,718 -----------2,208,718 Library -------------------256,678 1,281 1,767 259,726 6,460 253,266 Internal security-----------192,417 ---------3,883 196,300 -----------196,300 Civil defense ---------------33,951 3,914 -.----.-37,865 ------------37,865 Licenses and other fees .--69,817 229 (59) 69,987 193,734 (123,747) 20,958,922 1,400,832 161,492 22,521,246 9,421,884 13,099,362 HEALTH AND SANITATION: Office of director------------153,960 ----------3,469 157,429 1,827 155,602 Hospitals and medical services: Gorgas hospital and clinics .-----------------7,268,596 296,032 73,638 7,638,266 4,312,650 3,325,616 Coco Solo hospital and clipics--------------2,503,961 73,881 36,389 2,614,231 1,286,947 1,327,284 Corosal hospital-------1,188,154 31,500 16,251 1,235,905 111,009 1,124,896 Palo Seco hospital ----.239,599 8,158 3,290 251,047 242,948 8,099 Public health centers.-228,879 ---------(1,520) 227,359 23,558 203,801 Other public health services: Sanitation -------------532,792 5,623 5,713 544,128 6,979 537,149 Garbage collection ----. 204,000 -----------------204,000 -----------204,000 Preventive medicine and quarantine -----------260,865 921 (54) 261,732 -----------261,732 School health unit .--.-82,837 -----------------82,837 ----------82,837 Veterinarian services -245,645 3,725 (1,214) 248,156 108,382 139,774 Cemeteries, operation and maintenance---------83,632 829 --------84,461 19,734 64,727 12,992,920 420,669 135,962 1.,549,551 6,114,034 7,435,517 GENERAL EXPENSES: Office of the Governor .-.-164 ,848 336 165,184 6,800 158,384 Special adjustment in employees' accrued leave ------------------------173,000 173,000 -----------173,000 Recruitment and repatriation 401,515 .-401,515 -----------401,515 Employees' home leave travel 385,893 --385,893 385,893 Transportation of employees' vehicles ----------_---32,756 --.32,756 32,756 Government buildings and sites--------------------373,840 47,331 ..421,171 189,342 231,829 Relief payment to former employees----------------121,455 --121,455 121,455 Net loss or (gain) on plant retirements---------------196,819 196,819 ---------196,819 Net increase in accrued liability for employees' repatriation --...-----.120,800 120,800 120,800 Miscellaneous charges and credits-. .261,357 32,124 1,326 294,807 115,190 179,617 1,741,664 79,455 492,281 2,313 ,400 311,332 2,002,068 TOTAI. -835,693 ,506 $1 ,900,956 $789 ,735 $38 ,384 ,197 $15,847,250 $22 ,536,947

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144 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA Table 4.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets, June 30, 1968 and 1967 1968 1967 DepreciaDepreciaion and tion and valuation ,aluation Cost allowances Cot allowances PERMANENT TowNsrr.s.---------------------------------$7,896,493 $3,647,094 $7,715,252 $3,497,765 ROADS, STREETS, SIDEWALKS, STREET LxGrra, SEWER SYSTEM AND PUBLIC AREAS AND FACILITIES: Roads, streets and sidewalks----------------------13,950,377 8,125,587 13,621,900 7,833,309 Sewer system----------------------------------6,502,899 2,500,973 6,403,648 2,361,262 Public areas and facilities ---------------------------562,164 88,595 487,182 76,854 Street lighting system ------------------------------1,327,642 613,660 1,200,099 577,812 Fire hydrant system .------------------------------232,420 127,604 229,323 121,756 22,575,502 11,456,419 21,942,152 10,970,993 SUPPORTING AND GENERAL FAcILITIES: Health bureau-------------------------------------15,370,608 4,091,694 15,135,833 3,793,932 Schools division -------------------------------------25,916,818 4,881,368 25,488,721 4,236,309 General offices and other buildings -------------------2,932,036 1,522,409 2 ,873 ,497 1 ,473 ,801 Police division ._-----------------------------------834,025 325,257 874,013 350,546 Postal service _.-----------------------------------490,088 72,211 457,697 59,009 Customs and immigration _--------------------------251,659 214,690 226,273 214,322 Fire division-----------------------------------898,250 400,262 801,094 386,414 Magistrates' courts --------------------------------72,540 36,921 72,540 34,977 Miscellaneous equipment ----------------------------848 848 848 848 Experimental gardens ------------------------------37,494 13,778 37,494 12,809 License section _------------------------------------3,274 2,004 3,274 1,774 Civil affairs director --------------------------------160,629 34,380 132,102 30,285 Library section .-----------------------------------26,078 4,865 20,676 3,584 46,994,347 11,600,687 46,124,062 10,598,610 PLANT ADDITIONS IN PROGRESS ----------------------------1,610,539 -----------528,625 PLANT RETIREMENTS IN PROGRESS -----------------------------95,867 91,867 --------------------FAcILITIES HELD o5 FUTURE USE ------------------------2,109,138 795,767 ; ,090 ,895 751,113 TOTAL ------------------------------------------------$81,281,886 $27,591,834 $78,400,986 $25,818,481

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Chapter III STATISTICAL TABLES Table 5.-Hospital Occupancy Fiscal year NUMBER OF ADULT PATIENTS ADMITTED: 1968 1967 Gorgas Hospital _------------------------------------8,756 8,004 Coco Solo Hospital ----------------------------------3,144 2,843 Corozal Neuropsychiatric and Domiciliary Hospital------256 308 AVERAGE LENGTH OF ADULT PATIENT STAY: Gorgas Hospital (patient days) ---------------------------9.8 11.1 Coco Solo Hospital (patient days) ------------------------11.8 11.6 Corozal Neuropsychiatric and Domiciliary Hospital (patient days) ------------------------------------52.6 35.0 ADULT PATIENT DAYS: Gorgas Hospital _ __-----------------------------------34,296 86,570 Coco Solo Hospital __---------------------------------34,296 31,943 Corozal Neuropsychiatric and Domiciliary Hospital -----------66,020 69,227 Palo Seco Hospital---------------------------------30,697 32,494 Percent of Occupied Beds PANAMA CANAL COMPANY/CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES AND DEPENDENTS: Gorgas Hospital ------------------------------------31.9 32.3 Coco Solo Hospital ----------------------------------53.6 49.5 Corozal Neuropsyohiatric and Domiciliary Hospital -----------10.6 10.1 EMPLOYEES AND DEPENDENTS OF OTHER U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: Gorgas Hospital __------------------------------------42.1 43.4 Coco Solo Hospital -----______-_------------------24.5 25.9 Corozal Neuropsyohiatric and Domiciliary Hospital ----------14.7 12.5 PRIVATE PAY: Gorgas Hospital ---_----------------------------------7.8 5.9 Coco Solo Hospital -----------------------------------5.7 2.9 Corozal Neuropsychiatric and Domiciliary Hospital ----------1.7 .9 ALL OTHERS: Gorgas Hospital -------------------------------------18.2 18.4 Coco Solo Hospital ------------------------------16.2 21.7 Corozal Neuropsychiatric and Domiciliary Hospital ---------73.0 76.5 Norx.-Above figures exclude newborn. 145

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146 STATISCAL TABLES Table 6.-School Enrollment October 1967 October 1966 U.S. Schools: Enrollment % Enrollment % Kindergarten -----------------------_ 1,014 + 2.5 989 + 0.0 Grades 1-6 _---------------------------5,826 + 6.7 5,458 + 2.0 Grades 7-9 __---------------------------2,380 +10.5 2,154 + 6.2 Grades 10-12 _-------------------------1,797 + 3.3 1,740 -2.5 Grades 13-15 -------------------------1,272 -12.6 1,455 +12.9 Special Education------------------------121 +17.5 103 -13.4 Total----------------------------12,410 + 4.3 11,899 + 2.9 Latin American Schools: Kindergarten ---------------------------112 -29.1 158 + 0.7 Grades 1-6 ---------------------------1,086 -10.8 1,218 -7.6 Grades 7-9 ----------------------------661 -11.4 746 -11.0 Grades 10-12 --------------------------770 -2.6 791 -0.6 Special Education -----------------------128 + 4.0 123 + 2.5 Total-----------------------------2,757 -9.2 3,036 -6.0 Grand total all schools -----------------15,167 + 1.5 14,935 + 1.0 Table 7.-Police Statistics Fiscal year Classification of arrests 1968 1967 Male -------------------------------------------------7324 7,562 Female-----------------------------------------------645 667 Total --------------------------------------------969 8,229 Residents of the Canal Zone --------------------------------130 3,061 Residents of Panama -------------------------------------4656 4,971 Transients -----------------------------------183 197 Total ------------------------------------------,969 8,229 Charges for traffic violations --------------------------------6829 7,093 Charges for misdemeanors ----------------------------------1283 1,249 Charges for felonies --------------------------188 174 Total --------------------8,300 8,516 Table 8.-Fire Division Statistics Fiscal year 1968 Fiscal year 1967 Number Property Number Property of fires loss of fires loss Panama Canal Company/Canal Zone Government ----314 $67,364 327 $15,783 Armed Forces---------------------------------272 10,518 282 19,790 Federal Aviation Agency. _------------------------5 7,500 1 -Private (including ships). -------------------------118 138,125 86 53,349 Total-----------------------------------709 $223,507 696 $88,922 Calls for emergency aid -_ 324 310

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CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT 147 Table 9.-Postal Service Statistics Fiscal year Registered, certified and insured articles handled: 1968 1967 Number sent-___-----------------------------------117,452 109,302 Number received-----------------------_---------137,272 132,401 Dispatches of surface mail handled: Number sent -------------------------------------2,537 2,479 Number received----------------------------------3,608 3,771 Dispatches of airmail handled: Number sent---------------------------------------19,419 20,812 Number received ___---------------------------------46,505 42,711 Table 10.-Customs Activities Fiscal year 1968 1967 Vesselsenteredfromsea_ __--------------------------------16,034 14,680 Passengers disembarked, vessels _----------------------------8,566 8,722 Passengers disembarked, aircraft __--------------------------36,695 35,081 U.S. seamen discharged or signed on -----------------------1,820 1,303 Other seamen discharged or signed on _-----------------------6,480 6,317 Number of detention days, Immigration Station ----------------5,839 5,977 Contraband irregularities investigated-------------------------360 207 Area of the Canal Zone Square Miles Land area of the Canal Zone -_________-------------------372.32 Water area of the Canal Zone ----------------------------274.97* Total area---------------_ _-647.29 Land areas Air Force Reservations and Licenses -------------------------54.65 Army Reservations and Licenses_ 176.29 Federal Aviation Agency---------___-_-_-0.96 Naval Reservations and Licenses --------------------------21.80 253.70 Canal Zone townsites and areas outside of townsites in active use -13.39 Miscellaneous assigned land areas: Barro Colorado Island---------5.71 Madden Forest Preserve 5.38 Agricultural leases and garden plots-----------------0.98 12.07 Swamps-------------------------------------------------15.14 Remaining usable land ---------------------------------_--78.02 Total land area of the Canal Zone -_ _ ---_---_-_372.32 *Includes tidewaters within the 3-mile limits.

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