The Bahama argus

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The Bahama argus
Alternate Title:
Place of Publication:
Nassau, Bahama Islands, W.I.
George Biggs
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Bahamas ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 16, 1831)-
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: vol. 5, no. 47 (Dec. 26, 1835)

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
002338828 ( AlephBibNum )
ALU2641 ( NOTIS )
50408180 ( OCLC )

UFDC Membership

Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC


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THE BAHAMA ARGUS. but from a thorough conviction tat the sudden and iim- pointed out fir tih relief of itWel Indiainlrestarertwo-
menue change propmed to be made in thle condition of tlih fold ;the fs is the concrsluionf Trealy wilh FrIanre for
PUBLISIIED 8RMI-WERKLY IN NA5IAU. N. P. slves, by the enactment of tim Order in Council, amul the upprlessian of lmhe Foreign laveTrade,by whicri onmo
llrht Doellar per anm---m n lvane, be ruinous lt the ou ser, without any adequiat boouilt to check would be given to tim growth of foreign >ugar.
i Do r tIam-In he slave.-D-muica Col'enil. The teelugs ol the British coloii.ts, equally a il dieEir
-interlets, would be highly rraiified by Illt complete suc-
DuMINICA. cos th lii nsol'wre ; vet mlllmimigh your Connmittere can-
Report of the joint Conmmittee appointed to investigate not call inlo doubt tlim lIoIeI.I intenion of the French
and report their opinion, as to tile alternative to bn GoUvernment in accedmne .t tihe Trealy, it may appear
S taken, whether iof uncolnditioually aill .pini or ab- roemarkai hble the cinsts if the lFrrach I',t Indla
solultly rejectl n," tle Onldlr im (, C.ncl ol "Id N.I- Islands, where neteriousli It. Srlav-Trade has ihe nm r ir-
____ veimbr ltas, uand how lar ith,' Il oti.mus oI thu Oridr ried o I to a great extent. mar nmt incrlinmil in thu.' lf the
T- P.n 11 aim' ouucil .m mImt by the l.mav At b h ,e Act, passd min Jtn ; ullir "Freign Ciluie aDs ihli'ct to tile right of miiminmal
P TP7. I.* Ls, ml and lso how far tie Slid Order ill Council nmii) search. Allowing hIIome r thai Ihis nio asmtr(e will prove
bm adopt -d miith siall-t to the Coliny, und millioul iIn- ellec.itual for the siiippremsimn if a rL'enat palr of tihe trade,
Fum :hI Amultlfor mIi'. Irinin umliiL'sariily on private propier). l)a I.pse of manny yt.ars el na niatrally lake place' Iflorln
MlMt.m.lIiT. Yuur Coumnllmi'. in pir-,uir'ulin ll eIt mii'mi1ir U!nhlI viur a yl beneficial elect could be made oi the colonel mal -
There are no slars; Ilhon lonely moon, ihomouu able bodl land lm ihouii L it s mi' r.clC i m mI nIm l n'il.' 1>P k'et.
''hou art :lluo .nmid the sky: m I'on .ul ai'I f Ilii 1 liJ.aly's Oldr I lmn ('J ltnci l ki i 'The olher o ieasiue whiirh ills Majest\'s Govr) (U nmn'il It
S olmar, wiltch u e mil I hr the
lTim ml a maim, ofslit l mm I mlc Vim 'tl m',timlim, Im is, c'll n m lm llmIt ),ilamtm I, hlii Ir' *mm r ..m m sll mlll lll .Im r l hleir i Cie lloa grlim 1 Ot ilt nll rllm I lll ,

Wlhen all oit'lee nl.go of thought, moust sreui s ati d l d,''m altt.ionl . in, h I nI l comm erciml intmer.s, as one oil t lrl r&.,ilotton c o d, vi',, s' ; '
And all the int l ,.rew of the heart, been a.sised, during fitle coulrw tIhe I r -i) em i l i t, min productive of real aiid substantially rhli.-1 ; lIhat i
ArouIllld l,,Ihm.n so lille ficlion wrought- will lIS ti l;e nitmlrlim of ItiriV III mmie mmisII illtl'hi'.ii ;ild iri ml i"l i n- tnlure of the measure piru|opi ..l, or whal mil,
Which lhal llhu dilds rurt to earth uolmnlnlt 'roilmrielorin iltim Culumn'. T lh r.,im The is mmlt 'xs i Ili rcl rlt' of rele e (T)rded by ity.uur (o nI ttoeil., tC i nie
'hy radlaul .y'si lo watch .iid wrep) Ilreosmedol tie mll ir idn l i ,l r f ri l)llli ttIee' l solemnn ciii- int lhie Ipower of osncertainOimr. It nmiot hi evidently, h11i.
Over the rest (hoi coullsI nuol break-- mI iir tlial Ii ,ive to t11 (r Or. II mii'st. t. li III lll'.ii I eof ver, that, in order to alleviate in any delrme: :hli ;! I ,mu il
Endyamoinl's p|asmion-lhaunted sleep. adt, oiulil iper.le in s lfal a. re ,art l. e is t im tl ii hI' i t, lrsor's ulso" th Planter, m.eo measure o f elief nn nl .ni-
Beneath this moolllighl fable's gitle, ow .'r,, a v irtlual m'inImI' I|pilllaol lt .t1 i Ives. 1 I Iluelnce his present condition, but must lke.L i-- in-
They pietureJ the imllm .mtll intllmd, li lam irn : liWlII ) Iio u llr m l .lUr ,le Pi.r I .anid IlIou til i' 11i i.1 e thi e I f; l of ie alteration o f ilthe exli le ,1. s 1 uml
W which seeks upon this weary m.irlh, reas.ln i;ci I lavet in.luredl M o)II , Ir 11111I .:.1 r n1 1. II, -it' y14.t( rei-illintg frorn thle olm'ralion of ime' pritop. .. 1 ()i-
The love that it may never find. abnovI ecil..i, Iliv wi.ll to am.i\ I i ni.' u11 in' n1o .ll ,'Ir in (C umicil.-Your (onmmniltre wll now alld midl il to1
For though upoa an eagle' winig hstrl, e iiIl r Ui on Itue suI ulI si nery ; Ih l. a. f'-w oI te liie Ilnling polt of such alteration andI r ll r I
The prilt or a while may rel;io dreirouus i' brinl" lhi qi li .. 1 ,) i pil.iin anti nIIIllm|l ithe corroborating detal s setI fourll in anotllh r pail ol li .I
The pheio -weerd woele ,.r ate. a. home ', .. 111 Ireisi' mire 111l e e slat' ownmtr i, j-ly3 their report. Tie regulations for feemdinl still crl illiinr
And deems the heart an Ir al ll u I home, enltitlleid I, I o r l iropl'rtly il.s :l )ime' 'l. ali that I) le i m 'i a III Iripie Itt' present aepelnce of the Slaves' ns tintnllaICre.
Deems thal affecliun is lth lie, nult lklfill) bIu disp.,. .'si ele ul of ia aliIlout compe(II ,.Iln ; while. the restlriction o labour will take away a, f.lIurlTi
.Anod ilgves i likeness to ni li e- 1a )pri' ,il.t wlhicli a .i reco,_i.7.'.i ? (,i1. 11n I li n I p.rl o"f iho cullivaioin of thle sllate. The anImIu1I1it :'
I'l.t pure, the beautiful. ih i lig he IIII' eI i ie i rt.,.hllion i oif Io-l I llu tile ;lii o a i l" th losws cUan IMh easily and rorecrtlly scir rtat; ll'.d. Ibm it
I'lir queen, this fable of hlly luve slalvt is fIle produce o l hii labi i r aI l v; l11(,\ir th, uie fil. the d crrrease uo' cultivatiom i which would in mll pritbi lity
Is but the doom i.c e se-i apart iiu '-, ad.I fiUmn l II i s re i ir.s I l;r lt 111i nIri iiriiic f irins f from le clianiges introduced in lhe diisrci tlie 1t 1 Ilt
lor earth's imaglnauve chill, tie 'L it is, 1videnit mthat Il ,li e has I i...' i.. i a1 ,,l SLr s call nut I.H t o r,' dil' aI appreciated anil i mIst Ile, i.x-
Vho makes a temple If ,; Ilp s u Y1Uh heart. i
ho makes a temple the heart. totally un hlilablI to tIhe po-e'.r. Natle, lh oinlioll Poel ti mhe test of actual se'rinmi.t. Your I'orne'
.of P o," 1 ilnlin1(-, would be !hi'( in,% lllhl -. .li r.
A Fit.G 'I'. of ithe opTmra i l lit Order im CouncI. -i. ,I r. i nown hal t elit r i eTctl nmi enili race tie liul *'s bu a Vision-a in,,i n 'nt dream, expnc lo u si II. l ded l or.oiic I mr ,i mr sould i- .jlu, te produce o Shave labour, and that its o "ii-
A varied scene f ada.l ; e". I d by lshe r, I, tio .lns l Ioo.. l, li\n r d Iwn .alh I ,u, l th" L |
I.fe's a lark camrrialeti-a mlaeed stream ,e I,,,,, ,| m,, | lm .. i l iii,,.mii ,l I ml r fii.r. 11 h u inmost Uiom' as a lnman B' l e a heso as mine tlnl' d tu
Nini o swa" nl'r inm i..u ed li' min. I a. m i l... rI ,' id.& ;-ul .lm I ,1 ... I. .. llntiy are ca llred upol to enact. Uriler tlhee cir cunmst l cer
W h) then siruggle with rnthless Death, aibsolb llh- sual rls...u a l r, ,r I, ,. I( irt.,a ll.. rii. t '1 1 iumT r ('Im"i i e' nam rI fraI from f en"rtai nim a i ';i. i
To say the last- ernalernal breath? livalio)n lo Ihii i ,, i. Ih\\.r l 11, I rii e-t l o l id I ;u' "'n.' hle' a|lpl 'h mns ii m ll ilms Il |,Ity'lV (;li( 'rnlllin:
Ai tlll_ L lll a i r s'ii. ,,,r al. l t. ,,,, (11-i ,t! ii .. 'i i i ., '"' i' i"miI olmh ila: m d llu- anllltlm. nt iof tIe bhulm drn awh rl time
Slo)nin.l T .ii t |i) ir. 'I ,lr l mrim' i, l he tillerr rl ,1 li,,ie, e: 's "l t 'l m)' i ,I .i I l n,.I ..I I planIeir ; i i ;rr i u e
D O TII.I IC A ie,- I- I.. ,' i, i,. lro ll fr.n I t i r ,ll l ii im ir.:.. Iiii..i l t1 III mer er I iI f. me.' liac 1Mil 1 i i st,' iml IIIr plrl.s'..l sli liualoi 1
lliI)ll cit('il iy l il m new (',1II and ]li- V t'r s ri ,.lt Iniirrce1- I (;l I', li itatlll U*ioldI rln.I nl til relinlq ish so l r;. a
THI O I)RD .ERIS IN COUNCL' IL. '..inty ii' flte p,,uiiilure la our lani l. l iir,.l. .iI t m U 'llrl "n "I i l It olnI rmi l rm'l m iis aR s .oiullt hi' re urlin re tI
HIt- rc v., April 7. 1pii>.'r uo ro i ilt;' it, .lr c.nlllt i i aim' m r, i t l i. ,I ll1. all atlilrlri' llrm (')iiii-,.1 .tIii Io lhI \\t i t I bihia I'ri-
Our coullnsi of this day art a rilm lv I o'lss d b' i lim' oil'r cori n Il i)l i ,II lh li r iiin 1 ... n l .l rl t l i 1. pI lter. II II N 1.m l.' (iG ov-rnneirnl. witli til all.rd-
re pi I ,of a joint Coum mlitte, collistl ioi oIt .irll n uimbei rs w!ml'! iil iii ti,.'ii m l ii, re' T .ii'' thill'. lmlt'r inll ti .)rlis I 11 mm fitiiam , i ..k il l I "f m i' I e mi ti 'ii. mmeIi ll'l J'd menl(
of ill. I I.iHo ourablh e loard ou C' niiml,l and ll H tl 11( m II rCoI h o) IIi I n it lith a(tilal mi ie i l i ' lC. ire i rlu l', si,.ilmid )ie 1..t in lrm.'ririiLi i. iriiphaince
of lt .' nu vly, ,'I' Ills M\l esty's O r Ir il ( ominI t l of l t, i ,.i It. .' 1 .i' 1,. I I i I' lillt. l',,-.,,.' inr ir .l. l in 1,.1' lillh l nl m J their lllianil, ,il. ',n. in nll i ii|oi l -l I 'lll. rrtuIlm:m
2 l if & INv' ober lIst, ill r.- ar ImII II. i future t i OV rlITrll' -nl Uili lt i| 1 n a 'i i ll mr' 1li lt' l rarllt I n ln srr, lsub1 (! l in'l I l... ('lr ltl l ,'n i ila urlis I Irlmil -d s r rI ll, m l nlr C(i itlir IO
of I liue in the Coloni, l m, re,' c.n',iim h' l tI ) i lIh n1 dtiptI In ,., ii Is n i ni r r ,1 i mre i.,r al 1I p imall i', hi i l ..iI i *ii iir'.'l'l l Ino r s,' amm r'vil lof ;r'a-it r nima niludic tlliha
oI Ithl l.Le iilalures of tlholu Islan l, not l, I ,l i. I11 11 1 li 1 ,11- n i m ii ''mo ml,,'.. dIr oIi pr. 1:;' t,1i, a m. hml1 ael t' of (' l.'l.,ial p)opl rltN- an I il
under lhe c.ntroul of tle Crown. .IlImj i i ,p l.. i .i ", 1 ..1 i l.' l.bou r Ih' '.m.d lil m 'im l w l m' d en cli hi hy lh ei r e iilln'ti of l'i .
II will be so',n, that lip poilllt reerred In thie ciseidr. ., ipr i rs (i f ', .; i ,11t .i Im l 'm.n l'ii ; he cl ile i i Order 11 'iCiuncil. 'Th'i'r. rmon id .ilmionmi l rrleor, mipi.1
alion of tie cu ominlllr e, anl d on wllich I ille w ire trim rd n.,t eI r it Ire ii r i In. I I I. 1) 'l Ill d lllll IIh lllls itlumir iv ly ("ivous i'I Pn Ie ) thi' I)mald'ul bul ner' d tll y if .;.- -
tI report, were twofild.- Bv a r, ienlti. i or, r .rn m i 1II wI IIIn rIlunim i l t t'e sill.i.a rv i m l.iinl niMilnm ol Io s i l.jl ni, 0 l it l I ii f iart ,I lit, rrellp rt re iiirled fr mni 'lh.m,
tie li,,n l l a: i Blm Ulr ,i r di l( C linirl. I ',',n.nlteln1 r' .Ir m1< ,i n'. ,i a ll 1c.h ci|..l. cII. in >. uild II arii,' Li t I. lh nly r)' .iIlmir ii i' All,.. ii li M il i'. o t.,-.
called upo to Iml l mrt, m liel .r, i l lrl ld as wail tli' 1. f ,,t ill ir i lm~itr iill II't I... 1. if I n fi' r ll ln, s1iiW'ranlil.lIi dI, I I'I'm1.1'1 t, li' ," '.iI -inm l t i m le.l. ist' r ,r t, f t '..1 I,,
gAillture, ib thITIe ern i of :elr dlpi irli of i lis M1 i .II I i (Im lr,' s, winch conilliti e I .at a l.erd a ) of IIr,. i ri ha r i i l .t ni l f lli s eccond Pmv,.lll-
Secrltarv of Stdalr, to an ilIurcondil.iji l l a.i1up:ii) r rcm- hl .,i li r. n 'r ] ll. .mi,,I li r l -I,1..
jectioin of the Oidner mi C(oun il, il w i, l be corniPi.i.'l.- I n mii,,re,. ri,, em'tiiiiiiries, 6lii rstrinc-l.ins I thie r !Or r n l Y imr ('m nm n., r Ir CI .. d Itn l l e n.l lr .mn. 11' ,
wi n ti i iterm,.c. m" tie. (. ol.,.iv, Itio i ,l I or me m ist (',,it' l is V 1,' I .. I !% I-I, I t I I i 11il l i o tlil' inorter ph ,n pmri ..I IIt, I k r,,!,ei r lre m i n time dJcil. nd. Thi II ., i- 'o l Asv llnll v p m Im e I ier I ')i'.i' r lr a nic mul of |ir.m.i.l.i .mnnun l, .mii ll 1rln i 1 lI t en i ni i 111 li i r portion how th sm l 1 Orderl n ( lr
what lids I nitl pr',1e1ps e ,ls.m'wri.'r rri' c ive .l w lhe 'ml. miilll I 'll., e .no rceim.'1' .it' l. th it I m i ell mmlphl, e 1 ir, I 11 ooIm i 1. li, n Si .s I la 1 i llt Ju eir ,nld iIUh l.I'
Will tlou Il. chl l male isy, as si.vo; ri, l.g ilintalin, -,eI m nills of i -!rv ii ili .lll .llI I m ., r aiae r m lre i l I.ili i0.',d sm I "it' I f' 'l n I' .ii lntd r. rli s l y I' ,
desmiruo of i iviioe a rspt rprilol, cal.n, ae11l altieit ruC n- i I ll .f llrin-ii t; ,i rii.m l Imm li in l .i' ]n\ ,.;i.iliimty of I.' tihe mit (:'1 o I.I i J ih i io n' i ll. i Uir, rim oe s i n m, ci o
lii -r.rion io tihe l|l>i),)iiiii)llm Ul Ii lli. k i (;it 'i'rr nlieiilt, (" iin- r rm. T i lrl I it, I d,,, , i rt l lr, ~ v. prop. is I'." B ri .. r.' m. i, r, :ti i ilI mi i I, I mY..,.- i
dirm'c l 1 P ctoi nrc u e I .'I irt i ow t e me II ron,'p i l h .in ml.s ...el i iwL le vl 1 1 i iir f -I ., .intl rin-lp-' am "''"f i r s mn m' II, l, if r (f.iriIIil, uml, r ', .-
of 1tie Orh.r li C C I n il Iin l Ir l .l i tli r iei 1 w' i)m sle ain, l. ,irr't are dependd. l Un ilt prelt- im er i imit all o'l llli .r. '1. i rr rel rl-. t i 11 .. -
alre., i in i le by tie le.l..l l ure ofl Ih, (Coloi) ,. on ll : p.. o, y. i J'%l. "' (', rnmle' nt hl lh blI." I.i i t. il ltaii,, ,I frl tll i
ublject of tlhe gtiovrnme'n .l,,l protetl iin .if ihi slayi lovi, r e'.al n nr e will miii I rl Ine that pearl of L.,,r! I i'ICrest airkmr.l tledLineint I lu Al.' Io cOimiu't 1 a.nd
and tlihe re an anl whale palls of the Older in Cuuncil e C o il ril't, l )..pal.e em -..i i 1. .1 I) -rmr l,, r e l.ti w l r, i l, hi. amend thl l..s r' l i t *lv,..,t pia ,.ld |by lmsl Im, Lt
Bsigiin be adledl ti. nelwt. Lordsli'p I '."lreis Iliii 11. 1lm'.Ist' (;i vi.r llmrliii 4 ,latilr. iline 2mli in' Joi1 ,r I'11. A n.nice of ihb l Art,
Tlh' report il now bhfii re ouler cra lrm, nI tl v t l1e 1, 1 i lin s th oleii,. ')t I 1. Vl i y.Ip llv r l n I (ii ioun in h part ofI lIe )ajl o v's (II vernm ii, wu, w hiI; -'
there. ste, ial atof 1'2 rl llais ol s hr h l li i (i e O lr in for te enrer, i. r rl''lr s 'i wi .;:i e1 p r.s rut iid lime eth ircl at least oi dcinea thi olony front ni.iny
Cou'ncdl is 1 le co.niintee hav,' rer'loeei,, rll i 0 ".l to a iu Ih W ,- In l I rld ai mI iar, indisriiiiii e'! uf- "'if Illi re. iro crle-r which Lord (;.i lrir in hlil c t l.Ia.
Ibe ad,, otd, s one w;il very slhnh int ,ilr.litim i ; i 7 ars l f(r i, ,ii n, him ;i, Ie Is i1,. hI l.t i ,n''s f;.,v, re .n.rni. I' ,im -p.iti h ,. tel h December, h l. h addr s<.d to, lie ((,,lio-
fulunll i 'I!"e nticr-pa d hby lthe S ave 1, m, assd in Jue r ; rJ li.le time Pla1Ier ., f -rm i,, ii t 'crll ii r th nr cilr i l ., t mt11i uri t n.t rallyray:an :Iha it mti with Ii s ay .1rs '
lav', W.lle onlly t l *'ave Ihi rne ,. ,n i.,l, the renmail in 13 !cia e;lm.cuil i.'. \!tilei...'i ili-' (':.,.:mes. l,,,ti frm,, ll io.lmlprolba on, llte slave po,llala ril) oif thsl i.lnd a.'. ild
claus s bhiia such as cou, not be applrahlc to the strjc- im m nlenwr stake 'l1 H' i;.I ra u i l n11. snte1 h.,n )n. ,i lll '.t'' hben derlvine tle bhen f,6I I hie masn iniporlani adt
ltre of our ( iIrts. lar. r .i inoint ',f vr rlv rPesr m i.t rcont rihbulr t 1 t i,, t.- ,annt wll;cl the Art had libl.; Ill emSl.ndlrl o Ihrni.m
W\, connaa' ilai. the Colonv, lihal tl Le-islaiuriteai 1 .u r (I' ,i.irrv, are on lity entii-d ii. Itisllr, pn, Th< first 26 Cl auos of the Orlier in (Co'Llnt prl ,I,,o
so acted-- e rn oicre rli thll a desire to dellb radlt, ani, if po,.ihle, to leilale a ler ,lien m i I ir own l;e. tli.In sr ll v i, i s. r ., i .,l. to ,n )I bi r l of Assi~tant ProlectorI a.nd i l l th dulie llo v ar I ,
in a spirit of ranl.ur, all I a a :llna.el s to d, cv.rI r ,Iil.rl rin rl the hih.atii a-T 111,,,, I ll,.y Pi ,-' ir n i e .. n i l, m l fol ) Trm1. The r reatl objertion wlih your ('omlilirmmn
wherein the Slave C(,d r c )dl i.. ionpro.d. When up rrecrd* l lthpprreion p of uchi -i Tini I 1to. in lhe part ,, lhui ait wlth respert o Ith appoinpntnl of these O Ofm -r,
contrasti the resperefiul ro.ialerr.iion which lime Order in Hk %I q-s1 v's l overnmint. Tim, v liad it a- a lhair)'v a- the tter impossibility of providing for lir Salair..Is ,
Council has received fron f ii L ,ilar ure of Ihis Colony, smrance thail i coulli nrevr hav, h.,on mtii ini, nmi' il li tha any increase of lth Colonial empendlunre. i 'n i
itlh lth inprersiion that oni inrm nprare rejertion IoIie G ecrnment m icrrs up. lI PI i r the pr sre. of nmiidered thi the Govrnor reeives only eight iclrrel
would infalhblv have or, hllre,, we ca.lnrol bhill Pper, tho.s. evil., under IIch h i ni, ro 2 Li ,in. y fl ionds sterling per snntm, it will s1arrelo he dten ml 1ia;
Irm-i' His Maely's (Gvernmnlt an acknowlerlmeni, from i a conviri.n Ihat His \l's (;,,sernm..n! will this very inadequate S.larv so an OffirFr of qurlh li; -,
taut where it h ha been declared, that the provisions of no. refuse to listen t a ri n.ll ixp riisn of llir. ir- rank ulfferi-nllv eapess lie poverty of ithe (ountra. II
the Order in Council are incompatible with the w ll-bring 'whelmi mi hi urdn wih irl. ould I. Iln i.t i i miter however His M1a-lsty.' Giovrnment would connlt tlo a
of tbis community, surh conrluiion, has not originated in by thr adoption ,f the %hill, of lioe Order in Counril. propriae a very small portion of the large smourt of ,o
t captiou spirit or a desire to adhere to rooted prciudice, I The measure, which Hit laalu'.'s governmentnt have fCenrluotm om the laist Pna

i I t

____________ _gsuaaa rkgmv.
aaana .fru. thi Jaumier Psurip May 12. very, is not a solitary one. There is nea1o no in this
T = A O Ia HUMANITY OF ENGLAND TO II NEGRO ythat r ir d to his maoer aout two yer .,
POPaLATION. afterr being sixteen yen absent from his service in Es
POPULATIONd_ lad, and considers it the happiest day of his ife ,
WSDAT JUN 6. 1 lt isimpo to reect Oott-erava lately utode on hie Captai of one of the traders to the port of K 1t4
WEDBNESDAY, J M s Ii 0111111 I ti ihopoest"nte to r eflec wtk has pog y o jam ,
the moral sad political coastulfu a Jamaica, wit hoot consented to allow him to work his passge to Jamica,..
Sacg the caas of the d ders to it polluted souc- to entreat his master's forgiveness, and be received ah
By the arrival of t American m r Cogrem, the plots, and intrihgues of an interested and Anti-Na- humblest on the list of his slaves. His mrser revived
Rowe, master, we hve received three New York papers ional fiction in the Parent State. The lower order, and him with courtesy, and kIndness, and restored him to
to the M5th uldmne, cotainlag Leedam date to the 21st working classes of the people, have had their minds di- confidential place he held in the shop Hbeore his desreis
and Belfast to the24thof April averted from a view of their poverty and unparalleled,dib. We are happy to sdd, that Dr. Henriqu e, the p tro6
The Reform Bill had pased to a second reading in the tres., by a contemplation of the chimerical benefits to be of his negro, is not only No owner, but a father to b
lIouse of Lords; bat o- what day, our papers do not derived from tim paying of the Reform Bill, and the dependents.
o ws sppore us emancipation of the slaves in the British West-India Co-
mention. The motioran lw upported thu,: Ionies; both of which schemes have already been pro- It s epectd that the meeting of the West aldia is.
Present 128 ductive of positive evils to His Majesty's possessions at which is Axed or to-morrow, will h e a on f ts
Contents, Proxies 56-184 home and abroad. A review of this great evil, however, most puerous and imotant dmthat ha been held for me.
NoPresent 126 it is not our design at present to meditate. Our attention ml years. The Colonists complain that their conduct ba
Non-Cont, Proxies 49-175 huas booeen drawn to the subject from reading the Courier been misrepreaentod, and that their property has beet
1of sle 27thof March. one of the Londeon papers received consequendy affected, the Government having adopted th
Majority for the Second Reading NINE. this week by the April Packet. The article is found p lin pjudiceagaiste
under the head of Mlsrlboroagh-atreet Police, and is vcr- ntistakin, but humane feelings. This complaint is a j
We perceive, that the Austrian and Prussian Plenipo- bits as follows:- one. I has o en th e WsIn ion lately, a this co baort
tenliarie. have eixchit d ratification wilh thoee of speak of the West India Planlers asof persons who hael
IEnglan and France. Count ri, the repsntlive MARLBOROUOH-STREET POLICE. a direct and avowd interesting the Iperapeuation of lavery
nglnd d ran. Count Oro, the repre ative -in the persecution of their own specie, and conseqset.
of tlle Northern Autocrat, evioced considerable anxiety A negro, named Burgess, was brought to the office by a ly i resistance to every thing that reason and humanity
to have the act delayed, until he could receive final in- police constable of the A. division, who charged him with can devise to ameliorate the condition of that portionof
structions from his Sovereign. The Count was in hourly begging at Charing Cross. their fellow creatures who are in the bonds of slay.
expectation of receiving orders to ratify; and he was only Mr. Gregorio asked the defendant where he lived. Nothing can be more unjust than this estimate of the Wot
o ily wih the othr Pows. The negro said that he had no lodging. He was a India Colonists. All who have visited the Colonioe met
nioui. to do it simulaneously i Po s. lave, and had runaway from his master at Demerara, and lave had frequent opporuities of witnessing acts of
rot to England. The master's name was Porter, and he kindness on the part of the Owners towards their Blaves,
We lave nothing of local interest to lay before our believed he was at present living in London. which areeven rare horefrom.M stersto Servants. Them
readers this day, and for the present are permitted to en- In answer to further questions, tho negro said that he who have not been in the Colonies, and who know no.
joy a little rllaxation from our usual arduous duties. We wished to get back to Domerara. thing of the working of a system for which they enter.
jMr. Gregorie sent a messenger to the Colonial Office, tain a just dislike, naturally regard the Slave Owner with
trust, however, that the present political caliu, instead of to make enquiries whether any thing could be done to send an eye of dissatisfaction, if not abhorrence. Those wieo
being followed by a storm, which we regret to state has the unfortunate man back to Demcerara, as it appeared he have seen the working of the system, take a more correct
hitherto unfortunately been the cae here, will for some wished to go. An answer was, however, sent back that view of the character of the Planters, to whom they do
time remain undisturbed, and be the forerunner of an event they could not interfere. justice as men, although they may b6 equally displeased
long and anxiously looked for by every one interested in The negro was again called in, and Mr. Cegerio told with the s stnm of bondage in which tei, niro population
lug and aniouly looked or by every one interested i hi that for the offence of begging hewould be committed i, kept. The prejudice against the Plairnrso is the mull
the sell-being of these Islands, and sincerely desirous of for oone onh to prison, at the expiration of that tine, of humane feelings rendered violent by the want of.good
seeing a restoration of that peace and happiness, which ifi he wanted to get hack to Demerara, he must get tieIe information. It was the duty of Government to divert
pervaded all ranks in society prior to the year of 180. as well as he could." these feelings to good ; but by adopting the wild theories
Of ihis event, nothing positive has as yet transpired, l- Burgess deserts from his master's serve, and flees to of a party, they have made then instrumental to the in-
n f el.nd-lo happy England -the land of liberty, and jury of tle Colonists. and indirectly iiiurious to the Mo-
though it is confidently spoken of by some, and antici- humanity-a terrestrial Paradise ; where the unitutored her Country ; for it cannot be denied, that atthismomeot,
pated by many, as being by no means ar distant. African is an object of peculiar solicitude-where the mi- wlhe a cordial union between the gr-at commercial inte-
For our own part, we dare not hazard an opinion on a series of the wretched, are anticipated and relieve, blest rests and the Government, is essential for the settlement of
subject, in the accomplishment of which we are so deeply with peace and plenty in the fertile soil of Demerara, the this great question,ansl for the arrangements rendered
r r, ike m o ears of poor Burges hald o doubt been charmed by ther necessary by the financial crisis which appears to be near
interested; for, like many others, we llght peuae our- rtale of %onie visionary of the Anti-Colonial faction, end at hand, a dillerence between England sad her Culonies
selves to draw conclusions fromfacts whlichlase no soght may be productivee of great isclhief.
durion, and exist only in our imaginaliun, heightened by .* lome safer world. in depth of rwlod embraced. 11t he West India Proprietors demanded the perpetua-
our personal feelings and wishes. Somr h applirr island. Is the w:l ry waste, tiont of sla.ery-il they objected to tile pril.isntions of
T lie injury Iich thle Colony las sustained in a finan- 'her snaves once murle. thr nitirv asol bold, reasonable men, for improving the condition of siiir slaves
eial pointof view, since the cesst.ion of the Coloni.d du- No fien t f gl." -llrey would then indeed deserve all the ohloqny that has
,t i e. Or te with t d But lie sought even charily in vaih--what a slur upon been casl upon them, and it would be a sin agnlust ihuna-
ie%, MIust be immense. Our tradle .tll H lil..l Slal. th |nte Sa ts ,
t's, rthe laws of Englad !-tihe serious charge of begging is nily to support them in their claims upon the Government;
e(t America has been greater, during the present quarter, preferred against limn in lle Meoropolis of Englai.d, and but iif tie r-rief which is withlill frliom ilhmirn be denied on
tian i. has been since the opening of our ports ; and dii- he is 'Iraggqrd before a Magistrate to arcont for his of- the supposition that they are traffickers in human blood,
tic to a very large amount, have been lust upon the pro- frnce we e can fancy we hiar hli tihs soliloquisine--rIIy' and tyrants who take deligiht in Slavery, i*.'a conrS a duly
diuc of that cuuoury. WaIrra ,lise .a Iry 0 P poor me one 0! rearra dis ya in to pill the question in the right light, anil to declare that
no th at source of R u o i E Ll 0 they are not cruel inl tie exercise of the alltliriv a uich
Another great source of Revenue to thi Colony, is the; That Burgess was unaciqainted with the sitr and the Slave system ils entailed on them, and that they are
property brought in hero and sold from vessels wreckeil ;ickery which characterize so many of our modern, blw- willing to abandon their ownership in Slat e upon rceiv-r
upon our shores, which has all been lost by tihe dii.alluw are's, may easily he accounted fl r. IIh had exchanged ing fair and reasonable, cruinp. ation. FI thlie iletr. by
ance of the Revenue Bill; and when we considr.r irie 11I Ih abuinilance 1, nature, lir the sterility of iI r- which tie,v hold their prolprt.r be an m!iiousne, and odi-
arious duties upon Colonial, as well as Americu and I. ; the sunny v :lle, and raid '. : i lion % i- uus uired ni r-, let it not b f' rrgotten that thel tenure wa
oudutespon Co ur of a Europii .. wiirntr, t !niaa i:Iveraneint Lin- not of their own clihoiing,and let us not read 'hem as
other foreign produce, we do not exaggerate wh.n s, i,,n,and the still h..rler harts of its inhabitants lie had enemies to Enmancipation, merely because they require
term tInI iIsS sustained d ) l th Colony, fiomn tlis mnad act no doubt seen otll,,r chrinlren of sorrow in the streets lhat it should b e made gradually, or if made suddenly, that
of our EsecuIive, imuirnse. without food, clothing, or shelter ; bil this circumstance, it should be without the immediate destruction of their in-
This state of things cannot long eist ; a cliange must so far from alleviating his misery, was but an aggravation terests.
Stake place; a s it can scarcely make the uinons of his woe! lie had, perhaps, been the favourite of a The cry of No Slavery," however creditable in its
Stake place; nds can arel make the kind aser, and wold till that moment have considered character, is by no means sr in its application. It should
state of the Colony worse than it at present is, we shall it a degradation to beg: But pride sunk before extreme be against the system, not against those who hold as-
be glad to exert our lungs in the general shout, which will necessity, and he ventures to implore the good people of toiority under it, and who, as a body, are rather to be
be heard when our Chief shall withdraw from the scene of England-the pious, the charitable inhabitants of Lon- commrendol r Ir humanity towards thlir slaves, than
Iis midos. don, for a mouthful of bread to sustain declining nature, to be dragged before the tribunal of society to rrceie
and preserve his haggard body from sinking into an un- judgment as tyrants 'over an unfortunate portion of
timly grave! Much as the people of England pre- their species. The condition of the slaves in the
We cannot think that our columns are improperly p- tend to feel for the condition of the slave," the West edis is by no means so pitiable s it it
plied, in conveying to our readers the opinions of a corn- begging of this unfortunate negro was considered a generally represented to be. In the Island of Tortola
mittee appointud jointly by the Council and Assembly of crime, nor was it any excuse for him, that he had i a Planter who was recently about to raise 0 0. ov the
Doninica, to report upon the Order in Council of the 2d no where to lay his head! God of Heaven what a mortgage of his estate, was waited upon by a depotatoa
November, so recently laid before the Legislature of ie lesson to the slaves of Jamaica, of Demerare. and other from his slaves, 700 in number, with an offir of as im-
vembe sorecenly labortheLegislaure o dependencies of the Britih Crown, to be 'faithful, obe. mediate loan of .4-I0. and a promise of 4000. mor
Islands, as it is a subject of such vital importance to dient, and respectful to their owners! the case of Bur- assoon as they could dispose of the cattle and the produce
this, as well as the other colonies, and one on which gess ought to be made known to every slave in Jamaica, which they had been able to rear on the land spportioned
every thing that is done in those colonies, must be inter- as a warning against the heartless insinuations of the ene- to them for cultivation during their hours of leisure.
estiog. We must say, that we do not regret thal the Le of the country-the enemies of the slaves, as well Where are there seven hundred labourers in this country,
ating. W m ay, that we do not regret that Ie- their masters. who would or could do te same for an employer 1 In this
gislature o Dominic he given the candid and impar- But Burgess, after having tried the philanthropy of country we bargain with an apothecary to attend a whole
tial consideration to this question which they have done, England, is desirous of being sent back to his country parish for 20. or 30. a year, including medicines Il
as we think the able report of their committee will pose again, and for that purpose an application is made to the itso in the West Indies I There the poor slaves are at-
to the British Parliament, in the strongest manner, the Colonial Office. When le found the source of private, tended to as if they were members of an owner's family;
ab dities confined in thi unju ill and unc of individual charity dried up, the Colonial Office, he and, hard as their lot nay be in the scale of society a
tu ditionl oninceed in this unjust, illegal, and uncosti- had reason to hope, would find an asylum, or place of re- men, they do not, like too many in this country, dio
lutional ordinance. That it did not receive the sate re- lgf for the stranger, the wanderer, the starving negro for want of attention when in sickness, or frou sarlva'"i
spectful consideration from the other Islands, the British man! but in this also he was disappointed: the answer of when otherwise in bodily health. Ilere children of a
Government must blame its Colonial Secretary; for no the Colonial Office was, they could not interfere ;" and tender age necessarily work for fourteen hours out of the
body of men, possessing proper feeling for the invio- Brres is committed for one month to prison, at the ex- twenty-four, in close unhealthy factories, and not one-bl
ability of their legislative privileges, would liate upon piration of which, if he wants to get back to his country, arrive at mature growth. In the West dies the children
lability of their legislative privilege would lgila e is told by the Magistrate he must get back the best of the slaves are merely sent to gather grass for the c t-
a documentsent tothem in the dictarial language made way he can! from the conduct o the Colonial and Po- de, and this they regard as an anusment. All is t
use of by the Lord Viscoun Goderich, in his circular lice Offces on this occasion, i is evident they are not par- slavery tlat bears the name-nor is all free that we cal
dispatch to the Governors of the several West India tial to the introduction el runaway slaves into Britain; freedom.
Colonies, accompanying the order in question; and in the and we are ot aware that greater punishment could be Let it not be sid, because we adduce these facts, that
inflicted on a had nore, than transporting him to Eng- we are advocates for negro slavery. We are Aboli
Ilus of Commons, his Lordship's conduct in this matter, land, when be becomes incorrigible in Jamaica! tionists, as warm, as sincere u any who have labored
his been well termed-tyrannical. The ciremmstance of Burge'" desiring to return to sla- openly and zealously for abolition : but in our hatred oc

git Matawa trl gam
iuelrwe would be just towards the Wes Ildia land aloe the repoanibiity of the evema whluch ayy
ad not allow an imputation which they do arse from thi slae of llingp.
ert tor ad in the wy of the reif which they Faithful to his principles, hi Imperial Majesty will
me ho present crui-Caorir, April4. no become a party to the employment of coercive me*-
auroe for compelling the Kingof the Netherlands by force
pas eAe L aden Courier, of April d. of arms, to subarribe to the 24 articles; but considering
ARATION OF THE EMPEROROF RUSSIA that these articles comprise the only bai upon which a
oN T SE UliC U TrnO. "separation between Belgium aed Hulland can be elected, BY JOHNSON & SAUNDERS.
sae enabled to-day, through a priva source, to and they being open to amendments, admisible in a finl
elal copy of the declaration of the Emperor of treaty between tb two countries, his Imperial Majesty To-mrro., Thursday, the 7* iuntant.
Sn the Belgian qusion, of which a very imper- considers it just and necessary that Belgium ashuld remain AT Tires VNI.'T HlOUs.
jract has been publileld by the Paris papers. It in the enjoymentof all the advantages resulting Atm the At 10 O'Clock A. M.
een, tiht the cliuf points of this declaration dif- articles in question, and more particularly of that neu- Will be sold
little, if at all, from the announcement which wu trality, in principle, already recognized by the King of the (Wiltout Rear,r.)
the arrival of Count Orlofl in this country. NetherlndL TO CLOSE SALES,
i the Emperor of Russia shall ezpres himself lea A a necessary consequence of this principle, hi FO CASH,
y with respect to the final arrangement between Imprial Maest will offer no opposition toany repressive
snd Holland, of which he aeul to imagine the meWsre [Measurds reprsenier] which the Congres may Superfine fresh Flour,
rticlea to form only the buist it would be adopt for the purpose of guaranteeing and defending that Black-eyed Pease, Con., Bread,
to offer any opinion athe course which the other neutrality, should it be violated by a renewal of hostili- Butter, Cees, Latd, Saikd longues,
aytake intloeventof laisstileihholdinghiralifi- ties on the part of Ilolland. Hams, Deel; Pork, Psnltes,
aEvery thing however, tendali show that coercive In thi case, should it unhappily arise, his Imperial Wh ite Pine Boards, Slltgles, &c. &c.
against Holland are not desired by the Great Majesty reserves to limself the right to concert with his J u 6t.
whose ratifications will, in the course of a few allies asto the means lmost propel for proomplly re-esla- BY JOIINSON & SAL.NJDES.
be mutually exchanged and that nothing will occur blishing thte neutrality, in order lhat tei general peace
it necessary that they should, however reluctant- of Europe may be protected from tle leastattempt against On Monday norr, the Ilt instant,
Sinduced to adopt them. Tie following i the docu- it. AT THE VENDUF. IIOIl .
nferd to Such are the determinations to which the Emperor At 20 O'olook. A. It.
S DECLARATION. has thought it his duly to come. Finding himself no Wall be sold
g the ire cou of the negotiations, which longer, under present rircunistances, in a position to of- IOHR CASH
do tllo entire courm or the negotiations, hh or t His Majesty the King of the Netherlands pro.fs of The, Ilouso and Lot, in Culan.r-'rueet, lately ocrlar I
it adir of Belgium tor their object, the Emnperor friendship, mud interest inore directly useful, lie leaves it by Ceptiat Willianm G. Fulturd:
ceased to give to His Majesty the King of the to the wilaom of the Cabinet of the Hague to consider June (ll.
hds, unequivocal proofsof deference and friend- the consequences of a state of things whiclha sincere and -- ( _IE --II E- .---
disinlterested friendsllip could have wished to obviate." BY IIENl YADDERLEY.
From the moment when the separation of the two After having presented to the King of the N.-ther-
ldivisions of the Kingdom had been demanded by lands tie foregoing declaration, Count Orloff demanded On Monday, the 18I instant,
is g hiniself, and that the question arose of fiing the of Ilis Majesty a categorical answer. This answer being AT TuF. vsNs.i IIOUSe,
etlin upon which the new Belgian State would enjoy in the ne.tuive, the Count denlanl,,d his pasponts, and At 11 O'elook. A. 3.
i~lperdent enistune, a11 tim rates, all the eflft o on tlh next Ilullowing day set out lfr London, where doubt- Will be suld
r isian Plenipoteotiaries at Londeo, have lad for less le has arrived." That valuable and well known plantation, cllhl ( .) ,.
itnd to promote the interests of Holland, and to Nut love, about two imileas to time Westward if lie it,,,
ae respect for the rights of its Sovereign. In tie Crimes in England.-An official return has appeared, contaiing 3us acrea-a great part of hichls i
i of arnaments his Netherla4. Majesty appeared giving details of tie number of persons ap prehendled by been under cultivation. About rnit hundred acres are
pbimself to call for, with all hia wishes, a mutual the new Police during the last year. It is true the largely closed by atone walls, in ten acre pastures.
plaeenit and a pacifc conclusion of the differences portion were taken up for cri'lts of ntinor magnitude ; Thiere i, oil tlie above tiact, an lllllinso qoanlilh ili
D Ililland and Belgium. It must, moreover, have hut tlle hule niniber reached a fearl anount, ctnpri- Firewood, which would render it n valalhh 'iis eai n
important to him to put an end as soon as possible to sing 45,07 males, 26,917 feiales, frmning a grand total to a pern dip d to rt r i li le i
Charges which the state of war imposed on his subjects, of no less than 72,824 persone. all of whom have been of taY Uaerison. is .d teenieit r isinable p,,lr,rl, on t sulr'
Ssisling, in ttis respect,difierently from his August rendered more or les callous to, santo by having been of pasturagIe, are sell klnon, ii reluir, s ..,u reconini ,-
id nd Ally, the Emperor instructed his Plesiiplen- thus draeged through the hands of justice. Out of this dtiohn.--'lme iutl trees aon ilni..eraible. und tl o ci..
cut s second the views of the King; and the Cabinet nimbr there were commiltnlte to take their trial is only description allurdedo on this Ibland.
I ell ige will doubtless not refuse them tim justice I 2,95., viz.--,2'. mnles, said 6 s females-including Ii, front, linre are Irou IIIt, l I.l aIcsr f (;ui(..i
lay that they acquitted themselves of this task ait, I 2,2179Jf fr larcen, "227 foi picking pockets, andi many for well estlalldslhed and from A1) 1. 70) Cocoa .N,.1 treI.s-
land pcrseveranice upon every occasion that they had I inor offences; tius leaving, er are happy| to say, ern.- many in bearing.
lipporunily of knowing his views and Iis intentions. paralisely few charged willa lhe heavier rrimns--21,M:l, ALSO-
Sdifficulties which wrsm osTiered to these efforts were twin-hirds of that number. heing iales, were sinmalnrily The following VhU able, si.
cmnlltv insurmountable. The Eoperor regretted them ronevictd by the different Polire .Ma;gisrates: P4,219 were SOPIIY, 34 cyars, ai esc.le.n took, a\\ Jshr i,
,maB for their being the same difficulties which sut- ,lircharged by the usam-uhile no less a number than
the idea of the Treaty of the sih of Novenl. er. I1,7-7 ptmrmn, stai ,,,it be drunka-n cases, cioniprisinl sIroner li, II, r
ilie meantime, grave might be these consiierani ons, 14i32. niales, sndl 9,459 fensalr, were an iprehended, de- years, rani.
dl engaged his Plenipotentiaries to take part in tie gained in the different Pullce aiiartlrs for more or less time, J.V F, 22 yeari, a good Cook and \.lali r
action, it was efficient for his Iniperial Majesty to and discharged by the resectis sat .l-tintndlts. TONY, 6a %iars.
that the King of the Netherlands lad not concurred WI LLI \M, : )ears.
ito make the Emperor himnulf sulspend the ratification. I ,-ti -as, k anl los. S ant.
SIn taking this determination, the Enm.s-ror wished on I a ,w, ri .i to or ot l lnt
use hand to ofler to his Netlh-rland a ns w proof! le!pect wiclh he invariably entertains for the rit hl P .OLIDOltE. 5i0t sear., a Dii-vr and Field lan.!.
ibis Crown ; and on ili olloitr land, to afford him means I- --- IN lIfi ,-a ,, i..1 o,
(emerging witd hunour ail aiignity lconl the dnonraruus PORT OF %Ns ', .. P. J'EFFER l, 17 vya., arcrialsinrd to work wnit a Ml.soin
e amine which enviroedl him. A volu-alry ailli hesion ____ : and PlI.tirer for tie Is two sears.
Ith mrngementns which the treaty of tae 15ill Noveni- AIlIl s ED, PIlI r'F, 17 years, a Carle nter.
irnUctions, reserving tiIre anei-. -nlt admnishlie on a S PRH \CL, |r. i3, rlmoucd to a (.n .
ultrasactiont between thle two cos,, tr. s, c-ail alone June 4th-Anm. sdla. .Srah Jane, Sevnigh, St. Jlohns AARO 1r. years, a very snad to dairle a B Ii.
rainatein satisfactory memner this long and p,..flf New RrLniek A rul.rNly ear.,y sltla wlor-. g
Iilmion. luair, t'oin, Rice, Mackerel, Ilanis, nc'r ui ly a ,dy ai th a Ior- .
aion. G Or, ANO, ,k IIa. var.', in canist.aI a'.adoy with a Irama
"The cabinet of His iMajestl th King of the Nether- Beef. &c. JR iV, Ii | ara. hanty ialim a lloitse.
i has thought differently. TtH. Emperor will not give JOlNsso & SAvIusIH. r-. ~ ci omtl,A C.r dst, on giving / apprord -
n opinion upon the motives which guided His Majlsty "" Schr. Bithon, Fran.c, 'i"sa c rl t
'hBidecisive cilcumntance. In puiisuancrof lis former th Am. schr. Conerass, Hrae, New ls,,l. JI, d,.
dtralijn he acknowledges his ainglst friend to be the Corn, Hulle, Cl-se. &c.
i) judge of his determination in a caIus which so nearly to J1uIssonI & SasNDEtS. LL u .
the right of hiso h Crown. BI i Ins Iperial Mlaje- m at J-,E %RE, A under. late ,' lie I la, o. "
iasol dissimnsale, and we say it with deep feeling of CL- imi I)-, rPruisence, i eintlein il, ciasel, a- rtaqsil to risr
at, that the Cabinet of the Netherlands had l.t tihe June 5th-Sloop Bob, Tennison, Jamaica i. antle nilv lilseie li ; aln le iah ,,.l,,rnil t. lh.r ,,,1
powtunity which will never again occur, of ternmnaeing Esia are likewise relqautedi to na-k aineniolt it i -
Belgian affair in a manner consonant to his true inter- SAILEI), E at le i P a a naiai pre-
a,and that his allies, RMssia particularly, would now June 3d-Am. schr. Eclpse, Maltison, Baltimore THOMPON s .' NIERS, eiccuti.
seek for the means of being useful tom. Am. hchr. in. Lafavrtlc Savov New York Airil 2d
"The Emperor has faithfully fulfilled towards his Ma- Am ehr. Franklin, Griinell, st.on
7 the King of the Netherlands the duties or a fiank Lh Schr. (Mail Boua) Murning Stur, Cooke, Ja- FOR tAI E.
sincere friendship. But he cannot forget those which neaica TR \CT of Land on I.~IIe 11,.ail, containing .i'
i imposed upon him hy the European alliance, anld illl 4h H. M. ship Ariadne, Caps. Phllips, Jamaica A. acres, willin the virnil n of Ile Sal Pond at c.reat
those which he as called upon to perform towarnl tim he Ilamboeur, well adapted for the culture of Corn and ('ft-
sple whom Prou;dence has confided to him. These PASSENGERS MAILED. ton; bounrled Easlerly by Peter Dean's land, Norli.rly
lthe only obligations which the Emperor will in future In H. M. ship Ariadne, for Jamaica :-Lieut. Nicolls, and Boulherl) by the sea, and Westerly by Peter I)ean'
mlt on the determination which he may have to make Lieut. Hill, and Ensien Nicnlls, of II. M. 21 W. I. Regr. land. Particulars will be made known, on application to,
eating the affninr of Belgium. His Imperial Majesty In the schooner Eclipe, for lialtimoro:e-Mr. George Wm. J. Weecls, Esq., Nassau; or to tll subscriber, at
i, heretofore, charged die undersigned to make the fol- S. Roy. ELuma. A credit of six months will be allowed the pur-
'rng declaration :- In the schooner Lafayette, for New York :-Mr. Johln- chaser.
" After iaiig used all the means of persuasion and son, Lady and family. iDAVID SEARS.
ry mode of conciliation to aid Ilis Majesty King Wil- Little E.uma, I
ato establish upon amicable terms, and in a manner SAipwrrck.-The Brilish brie lector, John Cun-' 19th May, 132.
Ilstent with the honour of his crown, and the interests ning, master, from the Island ofJamaica, bound for Bristol, -rr -
the faithful portion of his subjects, a sepearaion be- England, with a full cargo of itear, rm. logwoId, niaho- FINAL NOTIC E
sen two great divisions of his kinedoin, his Imperial gany and rustic, was totally lost on thie Pxtrcme point of HIE SUBSCRIBERS, having cl,sed the mrrrant,
jesty does not see any opportunity of hereafter ren- Cape Look Out Shoals, on the morning of the 14th inst. oncernsof the late Elias J. Solomon, Esq.,lir.h.-
ing to the King of the Netherlands either support or Owing to the prevalence of strong easterly gales, Capt. C. notify to those who still remain indebted to his E ti ,
taur. was deceived in the currentat the moment of ime disaster, that unless their respective demands are liqiidaied Ira-
H However perilous may be the situation in which the believing he was on she southern edge of tie Gulf Stream. vious to the Ita June, they will be placed in the hands
ag has just placed himself, and whatever may be the The officers and hands, with the exception of two of the an Attorney-at-Law, for immediate recovery.
sequencess of his isolated position, his Imperial Ma- crew, who were drowned, took to the long boat, and suc- E. SOLOMON, Erecutrn
ly, suppressing, though with inexpressible regret, the ceded in making the shore near the Light House. They ( S. ADDERLEY, :
ttiom of his heart, think, it his dtiy to leave to Hol- arrived in Newbern on WIe,!nresdAy.'he ihh ult March 31s

Irn M4*aMpoin 1XV2gus

(Continued from Ith frst Pas.) ldave act are aidliet to meet ad the purpose of sub-
ties yearly derived from the produce of lave labour for stantial justice.
tim object of providia slars to the ero or ad as- Th fld Clau of the Order in Council is fully met
s.islnt proteealn, au lml e weidt recommend the by the 38th of the dave elt.
enactment of e mId twenty-ei case whb the eicep- The neat Clauses of the Order, No. 43 to 53 inclu-
lion of th.e lve by whib a meet arhtrary and inqui- sive,dihect a record book of punishments to be kept by
sitorial power is given, bhich may be smedto the worst each owner of slaves, and half yearly returns therefrom to
of purpose I Is moreover slkgetsher unnecessary fur be given in by him. The great number of illiterate per-
die attaiaient of ustice,a by the eighienth clauses of onn residing in distant parts of the country, and in situn-
the Slave Act of une lat (to which act your committee lions where they could not possibly avail themselves of
refer thaughoutthis report) a magisrato is authorized to the benefit of the48th Clause, authorizing those unable to
compel the atteadanoa of any lave to give evidence under write tomploy another to give the record, would operate
a penalty on the mastges or owner. To the twentieth to render a compliance with these Clauses impracticable.
clause an addition woldlbe required to the following *ortle, The Clauses are further objectionable as they compel a
" in case of th absence or sickness of the Chief Judge, Manager to furnish evidence against himself, and your
then any Judge of the Court of King's Bench may Committee are of opinion that the protection to slaves by
discharge the prisoner." Your committee, in recommend- the parts of the Order, wlich they have recommended
iog the adoption, do not admit the necessity of the ap- for adoption, is so ample, that it is wholly nw.ceissary
pointment of a Protector. The Courts of Grand Ses. to deprie a manager of that presumption of innocence
sions bear ample testimony to the activity anl seal of thel which is not denied to the greateatmalefactor.
magistracy in attending to and bringing forward tie coal- Th'le regulations o'f tite Clauses 54 to 58 will be found
plaints of the Slaves ; but your committee submit that to have been already anticipated by the ith Clause of the
by its adoption, a pledge would he afforded to the Britilsh slave act, with the exceplton that the intermarriages of
Government of the honest intention of tile legislature in slaves are limited by that act, to dilian- not exceeding
their enactments for tie benefitof the slave popul.alion. five miles from each ollhr'< i siidel.rc. This restriclion,
Clause 27 abolishes the Sunday Market; clUiru ninth enacted for the ben fIn oi the slave to avoid thli obvious
of the slave act limited the duration of the market to half evils resulting fionm patties so nearly connected at a great
past ten in tile frennon ; your committee 'I o"e pi- distance from each other, your committee would recomt-
naioi thatI it may be done away with alti;t iaehr, i' r( liiiIlund mend to be retained, and therefore see no necessity of
the apllltion of that clause iutlICher witl the 2Wthl, 2tJIi, advising anyalteration of tlle eighth clause of theslaveact.
anld 30It I ,ose, hill reject clause 31. The 59th clause of the Order provides, that slaves may
Claus:',s 3e: 3:1, and 35, are met by the provisions of acquire and devise property of any amount or description,
claUst fnlir of ihe slave act, with this distinction, lhat in with certain exceptions, and bring and defend actions in
:Ih' ercaption of domestics and stock drivers are included any court of usltice in respect of such property, as fully as
liby I laiiter act, als.i watchmen and nurses requiired for if the slaves were of free condition. The 15th and 161ih
.tteodance on thle sick. clauses of the slave act aplpar to your committee to pro-
Clauses 36, 37,38, 39, and 40, regulate the mode and vide sufficiently for the security of any property the slave
extent of slave punisihmcent. The leelings natural Io ih- may acquire or possess; and Ilhe 21st clause of the same
inanity muost prompt your committee to incline' Ivourably act, authorizes any free person on behalf of any slaves, to
tu any nmde by which the quantun of punisliihenl may bring and maintain actions for the recovery of any debt
lto dlimnihied, and its severity niiligatied, yet to reconi- due to, or of damages for any wrongs or injiuiirs suslain-
inendl o sudden and total a change of discipline as thwse ed by such slaves. To allow a slave to maintain or defend
re''atlliimo would produce, is more than reason can ap- actions in his own name is wholly incompatible with his
prove or prudence sanction. Your commitleo will point servile condition, and your committee need seek no fur-
uul tIhuo parlswhiich appeartlhe most objerionahle. No hllr illustration of this assertion, than by supimsing an
ral or instrument of punishment to be carried or exhli- action brought by one slavel rrainst anollthr slave, for the
liiil as re lllblemI of authority ; no slave to be tlaoe'ted recovery of a sum ofmonery, anid then demanding to know,
for the purlaose of cosrrili Itini to ierfotlr labour of any by what means the court cuehld enforce the execution of
kind. Whipplcing of female slaves, even by order ,of a their judgment against the defendant. The money is
i urt or magistrate, prohibited. No rorporal punishment either expended or concealed, and towrest from the slave,
to be inflicted until six hours afteol he commission of cite any articles of property lie maIy Iossess, is inflicting a pru-
"Ilr<.nct,, and int more than 13 stripes for any oifenrce." portionate injury on his owner. By IltI colonial law, a
What erlpression moreover can be more loose and iundl- slave cannot contract a debt, neither can he be sued, and
li.nld, inre li.ible to a variety of different iiterpretattons, 'lie before cilad classes of tli. slave act, surfice for the
.)r lnollri. alcul iti( l it nlisleail a tinnaaletr thmu tie follow- -,rurity of his prolp'ry, and afford redress for his wroigs.
iit ?-" Tliat it sliall le unlawful ie, pulliihl any slave T1'i only addilii thatIliti your committee propose aould be,
\, i tl',lit ii 'ieosaonalbla an ade uator cause, ol o innliit iiclin enlipiwerine a slase to nli'ina l.-, vis e, or l l'qeaIil) his
an s l.l .i o lla niselllicl nlt more haI nle alhit ati l I, Ihhe fault I' i propu rly. Thi power lits 'on beten awarded biy cuslot ,l
Iud sli a' )iiiin iue'tl." 1 it iIt lie olit' oln s i in v sini at i but it wloir ldl be pictleraible to give it lle forcu of legislative
al! 1'i a ih r ltli halatsou f 'le slaes', tsat e any real..itioa lor eiaactlneal.
i.iii I i, dili'olrhne must liee rra.Ilaal, in tordel r to iovercoiii C'lause (60 c'-nlains a Prosil), that no slave shall be.
t. ir 1iii.IaIInce ci inl pr'lllices; Illh y iwulid I thenr i-e vne- Icolme te proprietor if i n\ biialt or other v's.el. In this
jbri e i a re.latty nolde of aincoy% rce and i-lersa lic tll o colnyia slaves lile nillU.e'v been pernmiettd to possess boats
llie .iillitilil of tlae ilaster ; with llls vi-ew, ii,. legi, lature for ilie Ipurpllos of' brin .inz their provii.ins to market, by
l.s ,- in the' slave co'ls grahdially riediceld liI i whlih niaeai'i alonl theI'v arei cinliald to do so from a con-
pilw ,r ofl llhe owner and plersons haIluing supIerti- sidlrabl' d lnetnce. t.l nloinlltor oif sm.lll ranoes owned
tind'lence over slaveC to inflicnl colUoral llniaslmintlii ; aidl ly liee slaves, is ierv cril alid it woulul be an obvious
li.i\s a i'lielted thli no siIclIh plnishule'al srcetilin g lte sl ripes hliardilslpiia even ialiltii', 1 t deplris i them of such prou-
saill be inctliicd until tihe expiration of twn 't -friar ariy une essa il. 'Thi' eishnl intention of Ili Mal-
li. i da1 r l lthe o el nce conl ittied. l tIle' Iai slase ;ai-, 'ls'yI' (iisv'rnn t, l in n kin2k i i,,th aove excepliin, was
II a Imai rnil iiamprovemensi'l saee ihtlr'inl ewelI, by which to I ni 'li' '.o.iiiast i lira' s a of the sll avl e to tli' itPriulice
hl. II., ll.i o01 fnulle slaves w is prolhih l c.'ei'll I i of lic' owaic r ; bull no such :ipc lre*'h1 nsioin is entu'rained
Illtr lvitl'nce of a court or ImaRslrilir.l TIl.e efiTf iiIr n It I hIere, andl as lith ohilir I)rsisl.ns of' this clause are oel-
dcaii'id imiproverin'cit on t ihe mioral Ieeliags of tih' sltlave si hi'n'el ihin te twi\-iia ia clause of the slave act, )our
)po)l.iailion mnist be a ulork of slow acid c'i.l.ili oper. ili n. c' illinlce see cno nci-e,'sl for its adiplion.
Wli.lly to aninul therelicrl' lle power 4 f tle mialiacger Yolr Colliiilltter I) nolt olilere to the enalrntenl of the
to co rnle lt sla ave tI labour wouli, in elitr ith .iil na of y ur l 01-' I l, e ill alli Order, :ill lii prohibit prsans in a state
coUnlitllee, be an xslperinwnl ton lollaardous l'fr llie prr.slil olf l.ivery from acquiring or possessing any slaves or
paridl,l s iin epvry C:ing of sl Ives there still re.mait ln liaz Ila in any iIileterr therein; as however thl ee exist cases
and cl hard. lrs Itll) hlii conflineilrent is no p'lllis.l- i w , slaves lasel already acquired that kin I of prlop rty,
Ientl. 'rihe kii.lwleidge ltalt the po, ir xsisis, tire'.,i. ite- 11 ,oiull hi neces ei tI, aillioriss Ihe sale of sIcrh slaves
ly obviate tlhe n. crityy of exercasingg it, ani your icomiI- I .ilreealyi acquired. or hereafter to be de ised or bequealli-
milee olve grot plleasurein beine enabled tI, rrepori, >,1 edl .in\ ..lisv. for the benefit of elie owner or leeatee.
frmn their owul exllerience and lromi the nunirnr.os eii- I Tli.' fd cl lese is provided for by caloniil law.
quiiris tley halve insliluted on this seubhect. that tlie i,. Tl'ie litd clause, establishing a cinur requr' ts fur
flitlion llof corleral punishment has, within hln. last l s.lit aesI t ryv q ellint oilf slve property in -iling ten
)year-, a'iy oneaiderablV a;lrmd ; and your comrl:lltte i pollnds, is in tliis colony quite sluperli .e court of
look Iftrard u ith oofidence, that tlie lapse of a f w vears comnllaints, in which the chief judie piesides alone witli-
will enable tii, legislature to extendl to lhal p.,ii.l ion, out a jury, takes cognizance of all claims not ,' wdling
with llt hle risk of incurring conse qiuncr- ii i,.., pi- en lnoullils stellin g, anlI hly tie petty de,, it, a sinlelo
their to tie owners or die slaves., tie mlor. i i! .ili i- ii&rce Uof' IIse Ipace is nempowrred to decide in a summary
ration of' hleir c ndition in this rerilecl nlich IIs IM.jes- w.o', on all cases of idehi ntr exceeding two pounds hir-
ly's bUovernmnnt contemplate. i Ielii shillhnr sterling. The erpence of process in each
(lause 41 provides that any person convicrr, of ille- iroctdare', liar icrilarly in the latter, is fined al the lo'nssl
ga ..r cruel punishment to a slave si all, at Ithe disrealion 'ossibll. ran:. and it would be impracticable to erlabli I,
of else court, forfen such slave to its M;lesly : and on ihat in no case the amount o, the fees should exceed a
a second, third or other conviction, the court m iv sIeuesi- Iourth of the vric.i in Ilispl)u'. Claims of lihe value oftwo
tralt all slaves belonging to the offlrder for his hebonei, si llin s sterling are frequently sued for, and it would be
such offllder being ihencefortil incapable of any unreasonable to expect that sixalence could defray thle
control over slaves.-The first parl o' this clais. is simi- hares of pre ess and execution.
lar Io the 13th Clause of theslave act, with this dillrence, Cl.uses64 to 6t of the order dirert that all slaves, he-
thai Ihe slave is thereby directed to be sold for the benefit ing the property of the same owner, and bearing to each
of Iheowner;tleLegislaturehaving visitedlheoffencewith other thIe nation or repltred relation of husband and
severe punishment, aine of two hundred pound, andl six wif.', parent and child, shall be sold together. Tihe tuen-
inoall' imprisonment, were unwillineo interfere with the lieth clause of the slave act forbids married slaves, be-
riglIauf properly otherwise than by removing from the longing to the same owner, to be sold separate, or any
power of the offender the object of his cruelty. The slave child under twelve year to be separated from its mo-
great objecl.on to the enactment of the latter palt of the other. To give to slaves living in a state of concuinage
Claus. authorising the sequesrttion of all she slaves, is the same advantage asto those connected by lawful d-
that in th. event of such a caehippmning in this Colony, lock wonld not, in the opinion of your committee, tend
the itunishlmnol would in all probability fall, not on the wa h to the isprsame o/ religios feelings or moral
real offender, the nominal owner, but upon the M tg abits. Experience having convinced the planters of the
of tie property. Your Committeeare therefore of opi- general benefit derived from the intermarriage of their
.ion that the enactments of the 13th Clause of the said slaves, that class proving generally the most useful, in-

duatriour, and trust-worhy of their ag,
moted it by every possible encouraged.
of marriage bhal of late been very consia,
prejualice ol tbh slaves, formerly so mI a
state, have been found to yield gradual, to
advantes. The slaves are now fully abl
the superiority of i married condition, and
Ire considering it u the surst criterion of
lions, are of opinion that the above clame 5
confining their operation to nmarrirel 'lov,
ful progeny, might be adv.i ulaeously adopk
of th wentiueth clause of the slave art.
(To be continued.)

a" Every person about to leave these Idel,
having resided thereinfor the space of T lruuer, l
give security at the 8ecretaro's Ofce, orp p .i
said Ofce forr r rarli prr us a to hp l lisg"
ter wehir,, at any timt during FoRTY-rIIv DArI aTr
may be obtained.
S3d February Elizabelh 5ti;
tosl April W. I. MeAlna
It111 Johnbe Al4
Il June Francil litioal1
t d Mare, Johaso

Established in 1813.-Tlhe subsriber ha compl
a new edition of his book of Specimens with sah,
customers, and otelr Printers disposed to buy from l
may hi supplied on application at his Foundry, Neo
andl 20 Augustus street, behind the Chy Hall. He
remark, fIr the information of those who have not bn
lte habit of dealing with him, and brause a dillneren
tice has been extc lively introduc.d,ilthai his book Cal,
nothing but thle actual productions of his own Fot i
aI presents a true spcimen of wlate will be furonih
orders. The auorment is very complete, liou eed
liberalely and carefully in twenty years brought to i p
sent high state of perfection, and embrace, a variel
styles, adapted to different tastes aid to the various dp
meats of printing Ne paper, Book a,..l Jobj lill li,,,
eld, anilT cast of the must serviceable metal. Nul ion
le varieties which are distinguished by their mnti r,
tile Bo ,k, it contains of
ROMAN and ITALIC 27 ;izes, from twelve-lioe P,
to Pearl.
TWO-LINE anil TITLE, Lj5 is, To-liDr CQcl
bian to Agate.
SHADED, 13 sizes, Ten-line Pirc to Long Priom.
IT %LI N,7 iines, Se'an-lint'.a .i to Lonr Priner.
ANTIQUE, 17 sizes, T',.n-lin. Ica I, N,, paurd.
BLACK, 12 sizes, Four-line I"'-:i to Min.ion.
OPEN BLACK,5 sizes, Four-ii:le Pic. to Grat Pr
SCRIPT, 2 sizes, Double Small Pica and GreatP?
Besides Music, Back Sil1'p, Oi ireonil Leieit ill
Lottery Figures, Piece Fractions, St.lori ir., \eronnoun
a' dl other Signs, Space Rales, lIr:.c< Iule., (arnamenit
Dashes, Long Braces, mor,' tlhal 21 kin,!, of luoame
and IO(N Cits and Ornamrelts for Sclhool Books, Nes-
papers, and Scientific work..
Orders for any of these and also for Presqr. Char,
Comnposing Slicks, Cases, Finlur nt., Printing ILk,or ati
thing required in Ihe Printip!- business, will bh esecul n
ie moSt frvourabhle term, and niltl the uimost printi-
tude, a large stock of the Foundry articles beini; alwi
on hand.
(07* Painlersof newspapers who publish tlisadvernt-
ment threee times, nod forwa-d a pap.'r conasininaor
trii-Foundry, will receive paynient for the sae, iflthry par
cl ase from the Foundry, to foul limes the amount.
New York, January, 18.12.

E XLUNA SALT, for sale at 15 cents perbabsh
Apply to
Al Eaonm.
February 4th.

T lE SUBSCRIBERS offer lr sale, byprivite b:
J gain.
6 lihds. choice lMadeira Wine,
40 dozen do. do. do.
60 dozen do. Teneriff, do.
I trunk Gentlem.n's Sloes,
2 blue Dinner Sets.
De-ember 24th.
-- -----
LANK FORMS, of every descriplion,ayl8 I* P"
cMired at this Office.
N. B.-Job Printing executed with neatness Sad di
patcl, upon oodl paper, and on moderate terms
January 4, 1832.

The choice of 2 Lt if Land, with th
buildings and improvements thereon, situalt t
Prince' street, generally known by the name ot
Lightf ol, or Cupid's Row.
For Terms and other particulars, apply to the S'u
March 3d.


Full Text


• V if ^1 \ ft li^ > -i '" n ^i; \ 1 j4 f 4 tr* ^^? 3iTD4lllK flrfillJ9> (i'utittitutdjrum thr Jirnt i*uji*r.) I ilH.r couiilr} u(!ie o il'iiiilfd (licit it was iiit|m:iibl(> iti iliut rfliel cunlmuent on ihe unnual .tr>oiircror I<'<<|, dH not cuiiivni ilu* i|ui!iuuii of ilir arj '|arate llieni, or loaffict the one without materially in, orJer ol the kiiii; in council d uV,! \ '^ 'PK)n i^~" iviiv Mul up(Mrt whifh he coolil i;ivi? Co tlie iuilu.iry ol'i |ttring llw oIImt. h lirit^ of pol'*'S ^iliich beine viitUHJiv 'P'*'"'^'^ ^. Hv^r iiyn.Myihourhoniall mdivii The lullow inj/ arc the ffsolutioni : dud raU-, iIm'V miuiit arirui! to ilie Male ot the nai I. That, con>i.ierin^' the awful crisis to which the Hr^ titMi. 'V\wvt*'A\\\\ from ihtr toloni'i wh<4 disj>4r'*d ni ihi% tifM wire deprfsse.l. ment iiinongiH the Negro j)0|)Mlation, this meetinir is deH'>iw hi.'tiirt iiuii a vtiHialde )M'is.inafe by u|mm' lasie sirous of expressing its opinion on liio value of those cojolor Imiith an i^aiioniKf of the fio.; arts niu< h had been; nie* to the iiniihcr coniilrv, on the policy which she has rooiriboii-d lo hi> native country. He attempted to prolately pursued with regard' to them, and 'on the measures dure ih*vMw result,, ihoiiifh at an htnnble distance : but \ best calculated to avert the impendinij calamity of their towI.c.iIm' retlrct.rl tiMt .v.-n bx the mxt p okd he ini'^lil : tal loss as useful possessions of tin; British Crown. l.-ai „ tli„i bis \ In.lia property had vaniNh.-.), h... f.-ji 2. That the vali... of ih.West India colonies to the reII his duly lo contract his exp-nditurr, but he lauicnied venue, inanufacturi.i.: industry, and mncantile marine of that the loss would tall on artisans, liwA p'rsons i-mployed \ (i'leat Britain, may beat on counliy and the Ciilonists. '>'^S lo increase the 1 '^'*"'^f amonii tl> nffiro population, and ihui ,(, *''"^"nh8i ruin of the colonies. P'^'ci|Jiiaie ij„ y. That this meeting is anxious for th^ a such luriher measures of amelioration as ma '^""" "^ quiry, be found necessary to the real we|far/'(""i ''"^'"* and consistent with the l*arliamentaiy r.-sojut '*" "^S^". a leelinj^ in which it is convinced that all tl,Hr'""i "^ ^^''^ tcrs fully participate; but this meeiin.. ,7 l^"' a;,'ainst the harsh and untjenerous policy , Pi '*'"'"*' prolfer relief to the acknowhrdLM-d ._Lo.d and hi, Uy Iw cmiiiK-nsated by Nnviirn tra le. So L'reat a destruction ^''^'"P"'*' '^^^ sh-eping apartments, connected hv a sort of ol co.umcrce, essentially uoinestic in all its relations, must ,' "''-^'l'n'r, but approach.d from diirrent sides l,vi,-. not only entail ruin upon numlvrless private lamilies, hui '*'*'""'*' staircases. His Lordship one night had hroacLu woull withdraw from the mannfa.turers of -^-...<..i..-.:-i i: ... ^ mil withdraw from the mannfa.turers of copper, iron, '^""''•'•"''l 'Viend into the ante-chamber, where Wr ill-work, hardware, wo.illen and cotton go<.ds, the fi^he-' i '*'*^''^'-' "^^ "*"'•' l''*PU'<''ng jioliticsaud layin.) down pU 's, the collieries, the salt pr..visi(n trade of Ireland, ^mS f ^*'-'j-. It was late, and every fjers'on ^n th.h,m^ ~ MiniTted with shipping, a source of **'' '"''•"'•'• to rest. In th.course of C(mversation h xAnrepormance to l>e piinhasnl, ,,o prudent man I p:issel, :inl the gay smile had ti'vpn pU would iM-come their i.rooruior' K.rt.r.L .i' i i i*'!"'."•" '"*' "•" abondonmeut of the British West ''* *•'*-* '""'" '^''^""'.^ a*"' c^'lnverous expression thitt ro. c h. kno.o, lo^h n co^;; :; stateieot ::::;"?;'' InJ.a colome. wouW i>c no less mpuious to the real intet^ .— vedHo hastily drank otf a large ^U, of .,... iu which tlH, f.^.\,^r could not und 'rsta,ol 1*^ n ro a .' t' ^ """ '" '^ *'" '""•^* "'^ ""^ '^'"""^v. -" ""-^-' — • incoherent exclamation as to .l^t :,e • **" "**"• ''^'"* **^"t T '• tiogr.K.., d un*up|>orted by the presenre. the intelli1 ''*"' **'•*"• ma iimkI for him to say lut to mjcr ' • '^' • >"i'f're^. the escape had been made, bin ii v:is CMfnpUtely c osei. •' Could there have been no mistake ?'* Scarcely." He had seen the fiijnre in the looking yUi Boh iu*on. in riMne to pro|)osr the next rwolufifw. could not forU^ar Uttering u express.on of cratihcal.on at common leelmgs of humanity c^n npiti what he heard resj>,.ciing the comparativ ' ,' oi numanity, can netti omianoer their property by per|K!tual int.-rference, and' ^^e do not vouch for the truth of a sinHe word in rti to siiiimatiie tliem as a class of persons destitute of the I tal'7-only tell the story as it was tol I to us nd slwH for! "**' '"'P''ove it by adding a single word of rorrohorati.n >|M*0 am! Jelieve(| that the impression that wool. I hv uKide throughout the Cimntry by the result ol ni*etin4i,and upon hin Majesty % (Government, of whom h.would H|Hjk with the hitrlM'st rrsporl, wobid hav tlo eife^t i^ di.ssipatin4i nuich of that didusion as to ihe col nil's, wTii^h had v> loot; prevailed in this couitry, and pro oduce sures ot gradual improvenient in the condition ot th. U H'^'l : •' to acromphsh. j his fnend (J^rrirk. '• lo have nern and ob.ervrd that wr .irr .H n. I liat this .Aleetni.j has observed with unat rf"rel I l''^>'*""Cs ot fortune, and that ir drpn.N upon -omfihina <•• that at a moment when reli. f is avowediv necessary eve J i •"'*'2''''^''"' '•• prf^'*'^'''"^n'io rises to a/nM#>nce and hononrs. or continue* '", '' "'" '-' ""-". -"•' "-e .. .1,.. „.o. ij.-,-;.M,„u,;:;: ^:"iz:i r;: :,::::;::; ;„„;::: ^-^^-^ "^' ^^^:^<^i^:^:-::a .;;.. uf cii:oiM.i: uiuus, i:ciiior. TilL BAHAMA AKLilT PlfBLISIIKD SEMI-WKKKLY IN NASSAU, N. P. ai?ht Dollars per aaium-^n advance. I^IKil % Ol.. |...'\o. \< III, hut Ironi a thorough conviction ttiat the sud.len and luiuunse change proposed to be made in the condition of the slaves, by the enartmeni of tlie Order in Council, niuM be ruinous tu the t.woer, w.iliom any adequalo bunohi to the •iU\i:.—Uomiiaca Colunht. From ihp Amulet for 183i\ MiM:Ni.i(;HT. There are no stars: thou lonely moon, Thou art alone aajid the sky : Wethinks thou must he saMINICA. Kui'ort of the joint Committee appointed to investigate and report their opimun, as to the aiiernaiivo lo^ be taken, vvliether of '' uiironditionally ad .pting or absolutely rejecting," the Order in Council of 2d \oyeinber last, and how tar tlu' piovi^ons of tho Order u.. i Kre^, c-xieni are noiinri...!. i : i .a Counc. are un.t by the Slave Act pa.sed in June other Foreign C.d.i ^ i ub ec It e rlh "^f !\ lasi. and also how far the s;iulOr/tor;.. r.:i V..O...I. ill '^^ '^"'Mk:* 10 the rigfii of mutual Maicb. Allowing howev.r that this measure will nrovo p.Mn r,i ., I, r threhel id the West India loieusi are iob.kl;ihe first is the conrhiMonof aTr.-aiy with France lor thfsuppress...n of ibe Forergn Slave Trade, by which sumo clKJck woulil be given lo the growth of foreign Sugar. Iheleehugsol the British colonMs, equally with their mterests, .ould be highly eratified by the co'mplele success of this imasnre ; vet although your committee cannot call mto doubt the b.nwst intention of Ihe French Government in accedingto ,|,o Treaty, it may appear remarKable that the coasU of tht FnHch U'tst /m/ia Islands, where iiofriously the Slave.T,ade has be. n ,rned on to a great extent, annot include.l in thos-^ of the last, and also how far the s;iid Order in Council ma> be adopt -d with safety to the Colony, and wiiiiout iaIringin^ unnecessarily on iif'^att^" pro|>erty. lour Committee in prosecutin'j the emjuirv which your honouiable boarilund house have direct.1 them to n'lake ^n 'Ui.u'.jec. of His Majesty's Order in Council of the ^^i .November, ls;il, ,., giv n to that Older, and to the effectual for the suppri'ssio.Md" a LTi-at part of the trade a lapse of nrany years mu>l naturally take place before any beneficial eUeci could bo made on the colonial market. The other measure which His Majesty's Government have announced as their intention to uilopf, in order to I,, I — -..V. .w i,,x. "J •HI i-iiiioii lo uoopr, in oroer to various explaaatorydocu.iientsw huh ucco.npauied it their "eH in some de-reo the exiL'-ncies of the West India A FRAG lENT. Life's but a vision— a inr.mont's dreaiu, A varied scene of sadn-^s; Lifes adark camaicu— a tainted stream, NM • lul of gl id,i,.s^ Why then slrugi^le wuh ruthless Death, To stay the last — eternal breath ? most serious and deliberate attention. They luuv also been a>sisted, during the course of their in vest 1^,041,) n, Willi the statements of many of the most inlrlligent and opulent Proprietors in tinColony. The result has impressed on the minds ol your comuiittee tho solemn conviciion that to give to the Or ..m in qm-stioii tho force of law, would operate, in so far as regards the interests of the owners, as a virtual emaru i|)atiO!i use of A.s^nhly. on H,s Majesty's Or ler in Council r,f the Uol Nnvuber last, in regard lo the future troveinuient of d.vesnilh. Colonies, re.omm.M, led to the adoption •f Iho Legislatui-es of those Islands, not immediately undof ihe coniroul of the Crown. It will be s.en. that the points rcferrt^,] to the ronsideration of Uie committee, and on which tjiev were directed iinii> sorb the small revenue at prese it derived from the cul tivatmn of his e,t Me. When to ilds certain and fixed annual expi'use, are added the iicreaM of Colonial Taxati.m lo provide salaries to the ililllrenl oflicers, the los.of 1, jM^resuliini: fV.mi the sint; the nominal title, but commercial interest, is on of Fiscal rendarion so devis^'.! a* io)H productive of real and substantial relief; what is the expi.^aatureof the measure propose.t, or what tho ••xterit of relief to be afTorded by it, your Committee have not the power of ascertaining. It must he evident, however, that, in order to alleviate in any decree the'nrtual ilisir.ssof the Planter, i.o measure of" ndief must not only influence his present condition, but must likewise inclmle the effect of the alteration of the existing system of slavery resultiiiL' from the operation of the proposed Or.ler m Council.— Your Committee will now allu.h. .odv t.i a few of the leading p.dnls of such alierati)n an.l relcr to Iho corroboratin^r details set forth in anoth.-r part of this their report. The regulations for feeding ami clulhinf: v*dl triple the present exp.nceof the Slaves' maintenance while lle restriction of labour wdl lake away a fourth' pan of Iho cultivation of ilie Estate. The amount of th.?se losses can Imeasily and correctly ascertained, hut the d.-crease of cultivation which woul.l in all pr.ibabiliiy arise from the changes intro chain il... n..,.row..^i.. 1 vooi (.....mno.. #,. .1... ....i.c.i . ."P*-' I . — 7 •.aii.Miii-.'.iuii 01 Ills '—•",• iMir 10 SI pan or r re.i.t tl.e demand. ThII .use of Assembly passing over ^''lat lias been p.-r'iaps eU-whore r.reived w^th -mewaattoo mach jealousy, as avo.iri.iir of diciati.m, and desirous ol giving a r.spectful, cal.ii, ami patient coniideraion to the propositions ol the Kins', Ooveromenl directed tin com-nitt-e to rep, ri how IV tho provi,ioos th. Order IU C.iiril coincided the enictments already nia le by the leu'isl iture of the Colony, on the uf)|ect of the governm.'nt and protection of tl'ie slav.'s and inla-it slaves, wliich constitute al least a third of th. whoh' fiiimher. In morefirtilerountries, the r?slriclionsol iIih Orh'r in Council may be le-s onerously fell, but in this Cdonv, where the amount of pro.lur.annually cxp.uti-d is but small, the enforcement of the Oiler w.iuld conifd.'ie th. requirj. that .he Order in Council of the second Novem'Ofr IKjl, shoold b.' njerti'd. Your Commiii. e now proceed to the ronsidrratJon of the pl^asint. pari of the la^k required from them of refKinintr '* how far iho provisions of ih.> Order'^lo C.mncilare me. by the Slav.. \cl passed in June, and how far ruin of J very in.liv.dual, wl.o, •. r.-liauce on the tr.wd faith '"'Haifl Order in Council in., 'v b." a.i'.qMed'^wiirsafeiy 'io of the j ''e Colu.y and without mfrincing unnfcessanly on pnoflhc.Brii.h Government and on the inviolability -mn, u.o.eeessaruy on r Unrter wti'*--' '--v'-^'-' "• '^^-I'i.n. this (;.h,;;y 7;;;;' :::: be adopt.-d, some w-t very slU, '^l^^r^^ U^ .ndisrrin.ioa e!y ..f d the reproaches which Lord Goderich inhi. cirola fc>an.| t*. !>o antic^pat d b tL S^^^ e I '^^T ^, "" ^?'''^ T^ t '''''? ^*' "" '^'^''''' to 'Jospaich of tenth December, li* addn .-d the fl lav,w:lileonly3^.aye^ reiete:^lJ"m^ I-.f their c.m.mernial L...;slalures.eneral|y:an.!hadit m.twith H.s^^^^^^^^^^^ clausesboin,suchascou..fnotbLapphcalle o tlL^^ I m uin s.T' ,. ),"^;';'>'" •'-C'>'-es. both from the approbation the slave p,,.dation of this island Co^^ld ture of our C.>urts. appi.camt lo the str-jcm nense slake of Br, ,si, capital invested in lie m, and the '.aw been deriving ihe benefr of the many imr>ortanf ad lan-ea-oounlof yeirly revenie thfy cniribute to the *^otage$ whrh the Act had liber; lly exier'ided to them M .rner Couairy, are undoubL-diy entitled to its fullest pro'^'^ ''' "^ '" ....:* ""*^ ' "'^"•• We congra'u.ate the Colony, that the Lorrislature .lave W acted— w,en>)Oice that the question has been met with • d...sire to deliberate, and, if possible, to legislate thenon "1 A spirit of candour, an I a willinjnoss to discov.r Wherein the Slave Code c auld be improved. When we contrast the respectful consideration which the Order in ^'^•ncil has received from toe L-Mslafure of this Cdonv With thf* impression that an in.-mperafe rejection ofil would mfalhblv have ..roiucel, we ci-inot but exp'^ct rou H.s Majesty's Government an acknowled-rrmnt' hat where it has been .leclared. that the provisions of lection, yet your com nittee would tail in doing justice to I leir own feelines, M-re they, on f'lis occasion, to omit d.'clarinj the hi^h satisfaction ilw^y ex|K>rien(e in Si'eing recorde.1 the expression of such seniini.nts on the part ot lis Mijt^sly's (iovernmeof. Th. y hail it as a happy assurance that it couM never have been the int.-ntion of that G >veriiment lo increase upon th.* Plantr the pressure of those evils und.'r which lu* is now sutT. ring. They feel from it a convictio.i that His Mi|esty's fff the whole of tho Onler In Council captious spint, or a to adhere to rooted prejudice,, 1 The mel=ure which Hi. Ma.evtv's Cov.r^n have 1 he first 26 Clauses of tlic Order in provide br X\^. apwintmen? of a Profecior and a sufTiient numberof As-sisfant Protectors, and fix the dorr, s they are to piTforn. Th.. great objection which vour Commirtco submit with res|>ect to the apprdnfmeni of theur Offirrrs, i the utter impossibility of providing for their Salaries by any increase of the Coh.nial ex|>enditurf W hn it is considered that th Govern..r receives only eight hiin.lred pMinds sterling p

IJ (U -( „ .i i t ,1 ;l ^ A Wit % .|H' *iA *l ^(jp aialifliwff glviitaa THE 1.I13TJS. \vi:u\i:ed (o a second reading; in the House of Lords ; but on what day, our pa{)ors do not mention. The motion was supported thus : /Vom tkt Jamaica Fal/iot, May 12. lIl'MA.Nn Y OF K\(;LANI) TO J 1 NEGRO POIM LATION. It is impossible to reflect on i!o ravages lately on the moral nnd political constiiution ai Jumaici, wit hunt trarini4 the cause of these disorders to its pollutrd sourcfthe plots, and intri^'ues, of an inteiested and A ntiNational taction m the Parent State. The lower order, and working classes of the peupl**, liave had their minds diverted from a view of their poverty and unparalleled, distresses, by a conteuipliiiiun of the chimerical benefits to he derived from the passing of the Reform Bill, ami the emancipation (d" the slaves in the British West-India Colonies ; botii of which schemes have already been productive of pO'sitive evils to His Majesty's possessiotrs at home and abroad. A review of this preat evil, however, it is not our design at ()ris'nt to meditate. Our attention has been drawn to the subject from reading the Couiier of the 27th of March, orte of the London papers received this week by the April Packet. The article is fourrd nnl. r the head of ]Vlarll)orough-sireet Police, and is verbatim at follows : — marlborough-strf:f:t police. A RUNAWAY Sr.AVK. A negro, named Burgess, was brought to the office by a police constable of the A. division, who charged hiin with begging at Charing Cross. Mr. Oregorie asked the defendant where ho lived. The negro said that he had no lodging. He was a slave, and had runaway from his master at Demerara, and pot to England. The master's name was Porter, and he believed he was at present living in Ljondon. In answer to further questions, the negro said that he wished to get back to Demerara. Mr. Gregorie sent a mes$<*nger to the Colonial Office, to make enquiries whether any thing could be done to send being followed by a storm, which wo regret to state has the unfortunate man back to Demerara, as it appeared he hitherto unfortunately been the case here, will for some wished to go. An answer was, however, sent back that 128


I ^ijt Mtrijmnn ^xQu$i* > ;:, 'f f mi U td f?1K> ^ ( ConliniuU from the /irst J*a^e.) tics yearl)/.k'rive.l from file produce o( klave labour for the object of providing taliirics to tlio protector and asfcwtaijt prot(,-tors,your commiileu woiiid reconniu'iid tinunaclim-ni of the said tweuty-six cliu-M's wiih tlif exception ot thirelevenai, by whiclia most arbiirHrv atj.J imnjisitnrial power is given, which may iw abux-d to tbo worst of purposes. It is iiiorcovcr alrofrfiber unnercssHry for llieattainnient of juiiicu, as by the eigUteenlli rluuM^s of tbt Slave Act of June last (to which act your couimittco refer tiirou^jhout this rcpori) a ma^'isirate is auihori/.i-d to compel the allcndauco of any slave to give evidence un.ier a penalty on the nianagei or owner. To the twentieth clause an addition would be required to the followinir eifect, *• in case of tJe absence or sickness of the Chief Judj/.-' then any Judge of the Court of Kind's Bench may discharge the prisoner." Your coninitiee, in recou.mtii.f iOff the adoption, do not admit the necessity of the ap pointincnt of a Protector. "" '" si jve act aie sullicitiit to meet ail the purposes of substantial justice. Tlie 4'2i\ f 'l.iuse of the Ord.'r in Council is fully met by tlu.'{Hill of the slave act. The next 1 1 Clauses of the Order, No. 43 to .W inclusive, diieci a record book of punishments to be kept by each owner of sliivts, and half yearly returns therofroni to be jjiven in by him. The u'reat number of illiierato persons residing in distant parts of the country, and in situations where they could not possibly avail themselves of the henefit of tlie4Hili Clause, authoriintr those unnbleto write to employ an;/ther to cive tiie n;cord, would operate to render a compliance wifli these Clauses impracticahle. i'lie Clauses are lurtlur objectionable as they compel a M.uiatfer to furnish evidence aj,Minst himself, and your Committee are of opinion that the protection to slaves by ihep-rts of the Order, which they liive tccommended hir adoption, is so ample, t/iat it is ipholly unnrrrssaru dustricms, and Irust-uorthy ol ~^r „ ^^ ^:^ rno.ed it by every Po^^ble^-ncoura^S''''^^ '^ ol marriages has of .a.e been very con ^^*'-, prejuUes of the slaves, formerly so ^r"^*^. ^ apposed *ttC; 1 • I 'V S,) 1,1,,, State, have been found to yield ..r. \ a-lvantages. The .laves a';;lmr, Si the supenority ol a condition ', '""H"^ ve conMdennjj it as the sun m criteH.'.n r^'^' ^'^ok tons,are of opinion that the above c "1", S ^^ confm.nt; :heir operation lo marrie i si"' ^^^r^ ful progeny, miyht ho adv mtayeousk .,i ^ '"'^ "^ 'r V of the twentieth clause of the sTave'.^f^^''-*^ 'e.,;, { To b c roi.t I he Com s of Cram! >,vh. \to .irprwe a manager of that presumption of innocence sions bear ample testunony to the ac.iJit^ ..^::;iiZ. I ^hll Z ZX I ^;:;.f ^Co/ Xfr7t'hr'^"''"'^r"''^'''"^' ''''''''' ""• '-"-i ''--'-'-ions of .he Cla?. e/sfu^^T 'vill be fo..nd plaints of the Slaves; but your committee submit that to have been alre.idv anticiMahd bv the K I. ri r by Its adoption, a i) would be affordod ... ,i... n.;.: .. Lu ..,,^ antici,)..... by the 8th Clause of the inucd.) by Its adoption, a pledj,'o would be afforded lo the Dritish Cioverninentof the honest intention of the leMinlature in their enactments for the benefit of the slave popul.iion. Clause i>7 abolishes tho Sunday Market ; clati.c ninth of the slave act limited the d.iration of the market to half past ten in the forenoon ; your committee beinij of ipinio,. thai it may be done away with alto.uher,r..conimend the adoption of clause toueiher with the 28lh 2proveor prudence sanction. Your commitieo wdl poi'„t out which appear the most objeciionablo. \o rat or instrument of punishment lobe carried or exhibiled as HO emblem of authority ; no slave to be llo-n^.d recoverv o' n ..n. ,r i.J Hi /. .. ? I" •"111 irtij'lur Ol any Kind. Whippinj^T of female slaves, even by order of a court or ma^^istrate, prohibited. No ror,K,ral punishment to be inflicted until SIX hours after lb. commission of the oirence, and not more (ban 13 stripc-s for any offence." Uhal expression moreover can be more loose and undehiUMl. more liable to a variety of different interpretations, or more caculate.l to mislead a mana,.er than the follow'.m ?-I hat It shall be unlawful to any slave without a reasonable and adequate cause, , |„ influt ,.non Ant/ ^|;ai.-< u Kii.ii^l. .1 I . I slave act, with the exceptiui. that the intermarriages of slaves are limited by that act, to dist;nces not excedmfive mdes from each other's resirlenco. This restrictioir enacted for the bet.Mit of the slave to avoid the ohviouJ evils resuliiiit. from parties so nearly conne<-ted at a great disfaiice from each oilier, your committee would recommend to be reiained, and therefore see no necessity of advising any alteration of ihe eighth clause of iheslaveact The r)9th clause of the Order provides, that slaves may acquire and devise property of any amount or description withroriain exceptions, and brini; and defend actions in any court of pistice in respect of such property, is fully as d the slaves were of free condition. The 15i|, and I6ih clauses of the slave act appear to your committee to provide sufliciently for the security of any properly the slave may acquire or possess; and the L>Ist clause of the same HCt, authorizes any free person on behalf of any slaves to hringand maintain actions for the recovery of any debt 'hu| .0,01of damages for any wron-s or injoiies sustained by sucl. slaves. To all .w a slave to maintain or defend actions m his own name is wholly incompatihle with his servile comlition. and your committee need seek no fur'her Illustration of this assertion, than by supposinir an action brought by one slave aeainst another slave for the recovery o' a sum of money, then demanding to know, enforce the execution of* Cy Ri->n, person about to Uai-t tk„t t u„^ nMnl tkercinfor tlu .j,„r, ,/,„!''""''' e>i-' xmrity al the Secniurv's OMct nr 7 ""* ter whir,, at any time during FoRTv.mir^''^'""^^^ may be obtained. '**'• < hk NAMES OF PKK.SOXS ABOUT TO OIJTAI^ TICKKTS K,r .,„. add February !, "'' •^tie. 2 1 ^t April u ^"''!'*' *"J''vau John Alii,Y i;>anciaiooiel| Wana Johnsou l">t June 2d '* •heir judgment against the defendant. The money is either expended or conceale.l, and to wrest from the slave any articles of property he m ,y possess, is infliciin-' a proportionate injury on his owner. By the colonial" law a '' ave cannot contract a debt, m-itber can he be sued and •lie before cued da .ses of the slave act, suffice tr the -|ur.tyof his properly, an.l affonl redress for his wronirs I he only add.iiou that your committee propose Aould be' any Uave a punisi n. moreihan a.b:,p,;;i; T; ;;;;-;;;^';;;' ;;Xr"Tl '" >--••'.'—, or be,„.a„. mJ •uch slave committed." It must be obvious t., In^ll. i ?' 1 ''''*''''" ''"* """ ''^^'" a^vanled by custom .11 f.m.iiar with habitsof .he slaves, ul:'::;::;:^ ,;: ^ ^: ;.:;;'' ^^ i>--^'^'^ >it me force of i^gi:^,;:;: clianiiot discui me iniistl... r:..l,.ul : j... .. iiiiotnT. . ,. ,. •••• any t IK, , moil or change of discipline must be gradual, in order to overcome I lieir Ignorance and prejmlices ; they would otheruise embrace it as a ready mo.le of ann.nance and ies.>,Hnce to the authoi.ty of the master ; will, this view, the b-eislaiun I Clause OOcntains a Proviso, that no slave shall bocom.,. the propru.,or of any boat or other vessel. I this colony slave, have alw.vs been permitted to possess Loa for the purpose of brin in, thei'r provisions tir^ket b, <} I which nii'an* al.^n.. ilw.., .._.. I I . •"""' Kei, v^ so from a con B^UJCE'.S Ni:\V YORK TVPF FOFvn^ ^^/>W,./.M813.-T,,esubsnb,?ha?,^^' anewedilum of bis book of Specimeru ,i T**. customers, and other Printers di po e h r""" ^ma, he supplied on application ariil^-^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ and 20 Augustus street, behind the CMx Hall 't. remark, for the information of those vvi.o .1 -' *^"^ .hehahitof dealing with him, and be^r-^^^^ tice has been extehsively introduced tint I, ;.'"*' nothing but the actual product:ns ^t i ^ :V:';\ o Jers. Uio assorlfceni IS very cmihliuUu j libcralely aiul carefully in (calv Vfar! h .l. '"'' en. high s.a,o of Rerf.cion ^/^'|, ''!;"' P" s.>lcs, .•,d.,„ed .0 ,lim..r..n, ,.:,.., u,„l „ o' ^o '"' me„„„r printing Nc..p„,,,. „„, ,:;,-. c'l, an,l cast u( the most ser> iceab!,. ,„eial \aL ; e var,e„es which are distinguished h, tl.e,r 1 "'^ the Hoik, It contains of „ ^'i-;;-^^ "'' "'^'-"^ 27 ,;.e.. fr.™ ,wel,„e f^ hia''„'!!t^!:!^"'"'^''''''^.'^^'-.T-...C.,e^ BiVckIo "T' '"-li"' 1' ca t„ N,„ p.,d. m •''"^<-^. 5 sizes, Knur-ilne I'io. lu (Jiejt P,, SCRIPT. 2 sizes, Oouble Small Pica and Great P,iiicr • Beside, Music Back Slope, Ornanenied Le Lottery f igures. Piece Fractions, Sup^'riors, \.'n ment. rhe knowledge that the pouer exists, frequ-n,. ly obviate the n. ce.s.ty of i,, and your 'n." n.£ee have great pleasure in be.n, enabled ,o r'epor,, bod, frdTn their own experience and from the numerou ,.,.quinesihey have instituted on this, thai the i,,. fliction of corimral punishment has, within il„. Unt 10 l^Lf "'•. •^?'''%^!''V •••'"'; and your committee look forward vMth onf.dence, that the lapse of few veaA will enable the legislature to extend to that WMhmt the risk of incu.rmg consequence, ,.. i.i..': 2 ther to the owners or the slaves, the more p. ,i„ .,;J^, ration of their c mdiiion in this re,oeci .nich His Ma^s. ty s government contemplate. •' Clauv, 41 provides that any person convicfed of illega .>r cruH punishment to a ^hve stnll Ht ihe .U.r^, Of .he court, forfeit such slave to His M ,e sty .T"" a second ,h.r,U or other conviction, the coun nn'v on lu'ch .^ ''"•"^''''""?i"R "> 'l''. ^ ^"^ ""c con-plain,,, i„ ,h,,,, .h,". ^^f ju^'r^^^ ,,,j„ ;;^;",,f out a |„rv, take, cognizance of all cl.i™ „m • ten pound, ,te,li,„, ,nd hv the pe„y Tb, "'t a .'i 7 ::r:ai','z:";' .••?"'™--^->cide ir:-,:.' it .e..n "hil"rrlilTr'' ""'•'''"''.'"'' """'' "-• CI ase Irom the Foundry, to four limes the amount. V V t CtO. BKLCL. >ew lork, January, 1832. EXLMA SALT, for sale at 15 cent* perbushe Apply to February 4th. TIIO.MAS THOMP.SON, At Eiunu. ^quesfourthofthev.duPi dU 1 .'^•';n;MM.l exceed a betlefit. >l dlin., o'l;'': '";''''•" ^ ^ '^'"^ " ivalue of two that in the event If such ^cr^Vin in This cT' '^ the punishtm n, vould in all probabditv f^l nm ^ Y' -a ofTentler, the nominal ow.'.er, but'ilpon'lhe^Mortga:^^ 01 tf). property. \ our Committee are therefore of!lnnn"*"! .'-^''Y'^"^"**'* fi^vmi; convinced the pfanters of tfui ..> ..... ...0 enactment, of the ..3th a..z ,^ 1^::^^:^;^-:^ '^ X 'Z"6^ii ..Ilin.„terli„, are fr;,'„entlv e a dir'::,,,,,':" unreasonable to exoect tb;,f '.i,. I . "'^ ^*-' •hareeof p ^len.t^n "" '""'•' '''"> ""' ^''""'d'oesof theorderdirer. ,l,„ali,|,„. mg the pro,. r,y „f ,i., „,„„ and t, i, \"; Tu oil.r the relation or re|,„tnd relation of I,, !k i i .ck wo, Id not, ,n the op.nwn of our comnmiee t,nd' '-it'. Expenence having convinced the planters of the THK SUBSCiU'utK'o'ci b'r'sale. by private br giiin. 6 hhds. choice Madeira Wine, 40 ar testimony acainst their owners except f.)r personal •n|uries. This condition was introduced for tire purpose V^P''7'Pn<''ntr the liability of slaves to be subpcrnaed, at the suit of third parties against their Owner, on any civil ^f 'rimind! proccis in which the slaves were not eonccrned. In granting the admissibility of slave evidence to the utmost extent .wherever the rights, property or interests of that class were involved, the legislature judged proper lo afford the owner a |)rotection from the annoyance and loss of lime to which be would ba exp.ise.l if his slaves became subject to be summoned as witnesses on questions no wise affecting iheii rights. Clauses HH and S!l of the Order coniain regulations respecting the leer interfere with. The btjit means to raise the condition of a >lave in ihe scale of society and gradually to assimilate his servile state to ibat of free persons, is to render him, as much as posihi.;, dejHjndent)n hisownexeriions for theprociirenienl of necessary wants and attainable indubjences ; it creates hiibits of industry and sobriety, and moreover a fe linh shall be given to e:il.'\e above ten years. The Iwenty six days out of crop allottetl for working provision giounds were judged sufficient lo furnish such a supply of vegetables as to render it unnecessary lo include ihem in the j allowance. Your coinmiltee are however of opinion that I some adlition thereto mi^ht be made ; to such [iroprieI tors as cannot alTird an increased allowance, thealierna! live of giving every Saturday throughout the year is offer! cd, and it would tend to produce a result so desirable in I the opinion of your comiuitiee, that what is now the general, would shortly become the universal praciia.. The same clause of the slave hcI directs that half an acre of land shall be given to each slave, so that a family with four childn n have three acres for iheir cultivation. The quantity of land attache-l lo each est ue in this Island renders this allowance a mailer of no difficulty, indeed many industrious negroes possess from three lo five acres each of provision grounds. The order in Council dirr^cis that one quarter of an acre only shall be given to slaves under fifteen years, and the allowance of vegetable provisions ai>p>ears strangely disproportionate. Ii would be as impossible for a healthy grown up n"gro to consume eight pounds I of yams a day, as lo satisfy his appetite with eight planI tains. The articles of wheal, flour, and corn meal, your committee will not allude lo. In this colony whe-re the supply of vegetable provisions is so abund ml, a well directed policy would limit the allowanre to such articles as are cultivated by the slaves, and which they prefer for fola\.5 j^rouudi Jjould precede by twelve monlbs the release of his obligation lo teed them, or the land allotted for that purpose should be already in a state of cultivation, and bearing provisions. On the whole your cominitic edo not see that the inlroulatiou, would allord any bcnclit lo ihe slave. The next clauses of the Order No. 90 to 9t) prescribe the duration of the labour of slaves. The regulations here laid down would, in their strict interpretation, operate very injuriously on the cultivation of thu Estates, yet your committee tlatter themselves by introducing u modification to no \i:iy alarming extent that the benevoleoi intentions of His Majesty's (Jovcrnment may bo fully effected wiihoui serious injury to the growers of produce. In this latitude the duration ol the day difli rs from eleven to thirteen hours ; the sun setting on the twenty-first ol June, at half past six, and on the 21si of December, 4t half past five, and there is about half an hour of twilight before sunrise and after sunset. The morninir dawn is employet of names : this occupies the |>eriod of the twilight, and he then returns to his hut until the next morning. This is Ihe yearly routine of a field negro's labour, and it will not bo found to differ maierially from the provisions of the order, bul on bulb ihe sugar and coffee Estates, during the time of crop, certain manufacturing processes are necessary which detain those employed iti* them somewhat longer. On the former proj)erlies no canes Jro brought lo the mill after sunset, the grin.ling is continued for about an hour afler, and two hours morr? are employed in biiling the cane jaice into sugar; from len lo twelve people are employed in and about thenrill,nnd fromei^hl to ten in and about the boiling house. On the coflee Estates the berries are thrown into the receiver at sunset, and eight people are occupied between two and three hours in passing them through ile pulping mills. Ii is there brre apparent that if in either case the manufacturing process sliould ceawj at six in the evening, that the field lahour must terminate at three in the afternoon. Your commiiteo must objeci strongly to such minule interference with slave government as is indicated by the l>;;d and 94th cliijses. They must presuppose the body of proprietors not only destitute of the common feelings of humanity, but also ignorant of their own inicrests with which iho welfare of the slaves is also inlinialely connected. The children are rniployed in labour suitable lo their age. female slaves in a stale of pregnancy and aged p<;ople are employed in light work. The slaves are perfectly aware of these privil.rges which long custom lus sanction* ed to them, and nevir fail to complain of any infraction. The offender would in such case be liable to punishment on. lei the LJili clause of the slave act, for ill-treatment.— I he above considerations induce your committee to recommend an alteration ol the 4th clause of the slave act to the effect of fivini; the duration of slave labour throughout the year from sunrise to sunset, and allow ing half an hour after sunsci for throwing grass and calling lire list. I w.iiia provision that .luring crop it nhall be lawful to employ on sugar vsuxvs, any number of slaves not exceeding iweUe in an i about ihe mill house until seven o'clock, and any number nol exceeding ten in about the boiling-house until nine at night, and on coffee estates any number nol exceeding sixteen till eight o'clock. The 91st clausr? of the order to be added to the said alteration. Your committee have now reached lo the ot cr cauldron. This is in fact holding out an encouragement for waste and rarelesanest. With respect to the latter articles your committee are al some loss to understand the meaning of the tenth rule of the 88th clause, which directs tliat the slaves shall be pr* fCnntirwfd on the latt Pn^r } 'J' \i i' )i i < '-'^