The Bahama argus

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The Bahama argus
Alternate Title:
Place of Publication:
Nassau, Bahama Islands, W.I.
George Biggs
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Bahamas ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 16, 1831)-
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: vol. 5, no. 47 (Dec. 26, 1835)

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
002338828 ( AlephBibNum )
ALU2641 ( NOTIS )
50408180 ( OCLC )

UFDC Membership

Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC


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jaOe3E mBIess. Editor. SATURDAY, DECEuBR 17i, 18 f. VOL. I-VOi r

TILE BAl IIAM AARG US. destroy this sAamlful and suab s treaty entered We IVe th New ark daily ,Adawiser, s4 l
SwithA agland: this humiliating dd indecorda mint- THIRTEEN DAS LATER FROM FRANCE, ADb
rus'.in rI aeumS-wer.KLY IN NAISSA, 11. r. meIt, which, at the same timethat it has reduced to cipher
the public prosperity, has emad tihi Country a British EIGHT DAYS LATER FROM ENGLAND,
ibht Dollar per a nam--a advase. Colony, even after we have fred rnurlv from Spanish
hruldom. The previoustblodof her heroic sons, shed By the packet ship Sully, Captais FeB, we have e-
with pride on the scaffolds, and is the ld of battle, i ceived Pari papers to the lids of October. and Harr
detfence of her liberties anod her r1glh, calls loudly for the to the 12th, both incdiv.--te .ailed die 13Wh. Through
vindicatuin of justice, and for the utter obliteration of the hee papers we have London dates to the even of he
stain with which the Enicah prlead to sully the glories 8th of October, from which we learn the b of ie
that have passed to posterity, is indelible characters.- debate on the Reform Bill ia the HM of Lords. The
Consider attentively what Coluop was before, aad what question was taken at the siatg the 7t and th bill
it is now, in consequence of this ltety, which many com- was lost by a majority of 41. The vote stood, for th
POETRY. aider a sacred, eilAtr on anusa of their ifaeided bill, Lords pretest 19, prolis 30-158;--agiinstt
Sl fears, or because British itrigs, wricr syas eery bill, Lords present 150, proxies 49: 199. Mnjorit
I KNOW THOU HAST GONE. where, pretends that no alteratists uld be made in tb against 41.
I know thou hast gone the home of thy rest- particular point, on which i founded the continuation of An interesting debate ocrrrd at the sitti on w
ien why should my esul he o sad ? its monopoly, and the ruin of Colmbia. Our desert the question was taken. i whicit was o by L I
I know thou hat gone where the weary are bleas fields, famished population, and the shocking and mrian- Wynford, Lord Eldon, Lord Lyd Tensrden,
And the marmer looks up and is glad choly view ofpublic misery, whh artaund us, prove too and the Archbishop of Caaterbury, ma0 ippMred bie
Where love has put off. in the slnd of its birth, evidently, that adevouring veraml( i corroding the vitals Lord Cballlor, the Duke of Basses, dLoj G4 .
The stains it had gathered in this. four prosperity, and threate thedltal destruction of Lord Brougham made one of his laest efluts. s coar
Anl hope. tbe swees stoaer tht gladdens'd the earth, me, who were powerful esou! to repel the tyray of eluded in the follow emphatic manr :
Liss uleep mo the hea omof blis the mother country, but whoe Legislators were oa suf- Tis know, as ure as man is and hiu error
I knew the khat gone where thy forehead is nar'd iciently wary to rescue them from the sen which e leads to human disappointment, juMsice delayed, wdo
With thbeaty tat dweln thy enl, laidfor their goodfaith, when hey conented to a trel, postponed, must enhance the price of pece. (Lo u
Werethe lght of thy lovelies anoot be mamr'ed which ought not to subsist a a e momeai, unle we cheers). My Lords there is yet an awful coanlderatioucon-
Nor thy harhe adog hk from its all wish Colombia to be strid off wiegnominy and shame, nected with this subject. You ar Judges in the bighes
I knowh ra lead wheo the doI.o foh fro the catalogue of ation Court in the lst resort; and is tbhe frs office uf a judge
Thm tel d her tmemor don ot r orget, It is so notorious, that not sun a shadow of doubt can never to decide even the most trifing case witlIou lies *
A.eas froa m e only rerpat be entertainedom this head, that, toiher with the late ing every thing; but in thise.m, you are going le dec
political events, th treaty wil En~nd, is the cancer without a bearing; without a trial. My Lord. beware
Ia shy far away dwelling, wherever it be, which is consuming the social bedy, and that we can no of standing out on this acrud object. You ay -
I believe thou hat visions of mie. longer remain inifrent to n evil, which, when known. struck; you may put off the day; you may give a ite
Ad the loe that made all things a music to me a speedy and efictive remedy ab he applied. When dis porary lie to the boroughjobbr, and postponehe electing
I Y.a have not learnt to resign:.
la the hush of te night, in e waste of the sea, unfortunate treaty was concluded, Coluobia existed under franchise to the greatest towns of the rqln : but
Or alone with the breeze olhe hill, a very different form of govwrnment--uler a system* l Lords, that delay will have no effect in raisin the
I he ever a presence that whisper of thee, which has been dissolved by b unanimous consent and of this Holue, and in roncilisting the afections ofti -
And my spirit lies down and is IstI acclamation of d people. Tes central system has been pe of thi country. (llear, h .) I aclon eva~
e eye mus be dark tha o ng ha n dm abandoned, and, ano; comequentl,th Government itef, wOM except those who think that o form is mecesin' 4
iEe aeyn m be d that o lon has been di'd which this treaty was framed. tlwy alonW can give a consistent vote against is bll.
ult my hear t rs eerli. u of thee and thy bone. .Now that the conventlic f te States ha been named Ilear, hear. 1 I ra on you by t1li solemn apple, aJ
In m:my a token and sign for I. arrangement of public concerns-now that a fatal renmember, my Lords, I nm in the ame veuselas youelva.
I never look up with R vow to the sky, experience requires that we Ishuld look to tie goorl of lie I call on you-I entreat you-and on my beaded knees I
Hut a lght like thy beauty is there, itain, this,nthan, is ite time of taking this subject into implure you not to reject this Bill. (Cleer.)
Aad I hear a low murmur, like thin, in reply. c .isidoratioi. Lord Lyndhurst muade asloa, but animated reply. He
When I pees eat my spirit ,a prayer. We do unt whsi to dmatry 41al of nutal friend- clued hisnech is the Alteawig manis r.4r T people
And though like a mourner that tis, by a toIah, .hip, which unite us with Englnd, and other nations. in whom face and in whosa behalf they acted were a
I am wrapp'd in a manilr of carr. We ihve no obhjection to their continuing; but we oppose noble nd generous people, and if they swerved from their
Yt the grief of my buoion-h! call at not gloomn- thie cuiuaiusion of privileges, which ruin the natives, who duly from the ban motives of fear, tat people o d urs
Is not the black grief ul ileplr ;r. are tlu isipplort of the Government in moments ofdiatream, away from them with disgst and contempt: bM if thef
By sormw revealed u the i trs are iy night. and wioie welfare they must promote, without sajfrirn coiscientiously performed their duty, th people, although
Far lif fa hrigh vision appears that strangers and foreigners seld usurp that whick e- their decision might sot be agreeable to them, world be-
Aa. hp e. like the ranibow, a creaiure ofl ght, d y l Rgs to th. stow upon them their hearty approbation and applause.
I br, ke the rainbow. ri eThai 'iis a caution of vital importance, and if our Re- e (Chers.) This was the crisis of thrir fate. If they a o
-- I. iweventative, to whom welook for drres,neglect itl,lere tinidly abdicated their trust they would never ha able as
From the Jamaira Carrant. is ino doult that they will cause a great injury) to the coun- resume it. The rights and liberties of the people, logs-
STATE OF COLOMBIA. try, wliich,slnor.r or later willdike off the yoke of stran- their with their own properties and tles, would be tramp-
g-er--pernaps by violrelat rana ich we do not riks to led in the dus Their properties and tides they had re-
[COMMUNtATr.n.] eer dS.perately made us of; but rather that with the calm ceived a a tanr, and if they adured them to be disgraced
In the" Registro Olirial" if the 3d of Novmber. (Go- of prudence, measures of conciliation, may be adopted, in ithir hands, they wouldie degraded for ever. Perilous
vwarnent pier, in which are inserted all the ofcial com- which England Dnust appruve, if she desires to maintain as theirsiuation was, e felt that they stood upon a pin-
msaications,) we find the following document, giving us friendly intercourse with us, ad be consistent to the prio- nacle before te face of the world, and if they di theia
th feeling uf the actual administration, with respect to ciples of justice anil to the caims of a people, who cannot duty as became them, iley would receive tie approatmium
CaElaid, and thi Englishl residing still in Colombia. Be- see their approaching ruin with indifference, and will not of their own conscience, and the applause of an *alighten-
fens we read this communication, our readers should call muter any lnger die continmasui of the public calamities, ed and honourable community." The Noble and Learned
Smi d the sacrifices of blood and money, which we have of which tis treaty is the aill mu I" Lord concluded his speech amidst thandern of acdpe -*
msted to, in order to liberate dhe degraded bondmen After this lecture, whet m with an Entlish hean, us'.
very. The constancy with which our Government whoe feelings arent m d l the umoms pitL of indi- The result of thi great m u was eie d is de
ha*me and protected them, showing to the civilized nation The above lite L trlplatios will wine our Hosm of Lords without any namel es ic of feeling
wilts example of their recognition ald admmion, In er ome ide of the high er alent s of teM degrded m Idas moment. Whether that resuh ws expected at dtw
b oaluy of nations. The inmmase British Capitl Iberian s~rf-of their per eel ins, uad of their po- time, the question being on dU second rneding, we re e ot
tis is sill embarked in Country, 30,00,000of liticl principal, able to certain from the papers Whet ernmsw- lik-e
dlal, the amount of theloansoifamnaoulyalquandered by All this scurrilous inve against the treaty, eutred ly o be pred by he gvereamm, ia ms dWhy stmedanL
Stantder, Arrubles, Mantaya, and Ilurtdo, besides the into in 125, by the leader of the party now in power A prorogaumo of parliament was mlked of : waich, a -
ntaeof allth Comnmercialinterests,andfnancialor mining (Gen. Santander), with the British Government, aco dopltd, would probably lead to a dimlesi and the
spaeations, which are all carried oo by British Capitl, now with a bad grace, as the tin when they endeavoured creation of new Pea to ovepower the majority aga
isB me before Clish x. to secure the countenance and protefmlon of our gown- the bi, was also a subject of cMveratio. What wa
The read of U this, i the expulsion of all that re- nt i o freshly in ou recoledt. By that treaty, a ie- expected to be gained by the election of a f ew Hfes of
sed of our countryimen and foreigners, who had dhed reciprocity of rih waas sbliahed, and our merchants Commons we are aol able to perceive. The pobli bel-
ir bet blood in defence of liberty (when thee very permnied to wule in Colombia and receive dca signents ing was suficiently tried i ad provd a the let ad ai
een, Oband ,Caicedo, Ximienr, the Bishop of Bo- and transact their busiesin Pron; whereas now a few measure was carried in thea hoes by a large I
Py, were then siding with the Spaniards, against interested native in Bogota aid Carthaeena vainly expect, i very apparent that a considerable number f are
s Country), and the annullation of the Commercial that upon leaking the taty. these ronrgnmenets will be wanted to carry the Me e through die Hoe of Lords;
Trnty, entered into with Great Britain. eddreaed directly to them! Vain delusion! As our but we should sink the King at least w iu hsiess at *-
I is true, that we recognized Colombia when it was a countrymen will out be s bind to their iterests, ea to dupting sech a maure on s amn ccasioes, ne if Ie
lee, under the paternal goimeet of a tuly r coo e their capital into spchaeds. Indeed, nsch is te ae"stry were frm enough to risk it. It wobmd he
Sbut now that they have ided their deserted Cun- te of disorganization, misnie, and iniquity, that i and we cannot but believe it would he a dgerr*
yim thre or more factions-now that their rule are a carried on by a faction called Veternnos de la Liher. periment. If there is say value in the Hose of Prei,
M O euprincipled oullaws, waging war against every tad," composed of the rabbleof Canheena. that no con- e a branch of the Government, if ihe aresoratic pisieL
bt ea t-.iilty of repeated violations of justice, be- ede, oueht to be reposed inthem ; and when it is demon- pie is of any importance inh m Briish vstm, we am
ky, sad every feeling dear to the heart of man-mis- stated that power has fallen ino the hands of amumain ad scarcely coucemve of a more elfctual W ode of destroying
t, whose order of the day is assamination-who have public plunderers, we deem it our duty seriously to r- i es ue nce and weight of character. The mere ewercie
a their ingratitude to the pitch of murdering the rcimend to the Governmeat of (Aqat-Brilais, the e- of power in forming a numerical majority, bas ts leadesey
a of their libenies-the men who, by their taletsn, pediency of protecting our ihternesr, by an armed force, increasethe dinity of that body, or to adle te public
i' -courage, and sacrifices, brought their Country as ,tter revolution may b fatal to im, cancelling all our reset for theirepimeana id armionenit. It le e
raetn, the nrat Bolivar, and the gallant Sucre. Now debts with our blood. and'compl' the luin and demsrunion than turning rhe scale by throwing ies deaded w*igSm,
Stheu amn of ti danger are their leaders,* we can lave of our countrymen, who are now raiding in Colombi, exercise of a power which, ia th pLriculr aam, hbappa
adenb oof oilin ourselves, by comine into contact with under the faith of a treaty with they wish to disannul.- to be irresistible.
netcat of degenerated Spain. It beloves the Bri- It is an old anda teue saying, that Repullien are always Besides, when a changeof cirr-mstoanc d is lemec
iO eaament to take speedy meaouretfor protecting ungrateful, and it is now firl)y exemplified in the coduct shall occur, and in the course of heasn eents this my
etWest in dlit country. which the Republic of wishe to adopt towards shaoly happen, which shd Iprodee a simi mr enne ny,
s ill Trastlated from the Spaniak. the country which bfrst called t into existence. the eame measure may he remouted to aa aedtler betch
h hhih timeur (:oloaiia to siake otf this ominom a of noblemen nmasy be made up. also for the "caio ; and
ded od yoke, that weighs sIo aheily uphn our national And that nn foreigner or Egllshman is, for one instase, in this wa', the business of curing majorities, not by
and agriculture-in uthlr words, that she should I sure of his hfe, reputation, or papery. reason, and conviction, and 1wiociple, but by power, may


6mp Cawards Dtn avasnma dmautlnn of 6h
boa a a large majority hevig voted
(obnhe re shel ly i
mwsJ- a-red t lir lctle atkt ier. T'h
e imwaed INe eSam, wVil haven awned yt W
on docrL d1 aeir premast sl. Is Ih ba
k y mmany tas that 1 dul Frel w ua O reat
a, of 1gim aia, .and of he elective priciple,
r hl,. t 3li, g, pn tit of i odae. ai can
bar ad a sroag aricnratic inrueone is neessary
, knep in chci he democrats spirit, which han ebted
Srlnrg a fathold, and Pgiand ech a degree of idumw
h maal at large. It may bh seen is he courl of
pom aae thi great fundamental chang in their sym,
btm u.rasedln I people can bear, without producing
iemalons, and poIlMy aarchy.

t 6th inastnt, containing London dates to 11 10dh,
S iverpool to the lth, Paril to fie lIth, andavre to the
TI, of Octobr, i Clv-tinhe nClrk Europrrive d ls

ich, w ive in our paper of o-day. The latt news
nrevedd in the Unitd tslp when the Favourie left,ap-
Iklnrs to have been i hie private letter r Hime, the
Vlde oC clober, which welfrtd ia our lst nuhmer.
a im ority on Lnrd Ebrington's motion is tde Heo 1f
COsoMs, n Monday evening, wae l-, w 1 ia-
,"d or 140.

'* &*i e cy hde Governor directed extracts from
ciadmns, received from the Coliial olla, by
-' S epaiber pacKhe, to he publislhd in ib Royal
for general tlrstion; and accordingly,
Sly fr co luans of dthat watering paper, wete devoted
SOuerameat notices, as Wednesday last. These were
lNo. I-- astract from a dispatch from Lorn Viscount
Olderich; No. 2--e extract from the petition of certain
leheblte of thes Islanda, with the neaes of lth 27
erwea who A4nd it, and adm a letter from the Secretary
at the Celoay, to those persns; No. 3-. copy of thi
P e he( ee prraos of colour, residing is the Is.
Shd ofe Providence, with a lete, from the public
aetgry, similar to dat accompanying No. 2.
The extract from d espach of the Secretary for the
Cdeoi,approum of His Exclleecy's audioct, i di
srvlea the Hoam of Amembly, whe tey reftud to do
may businu with him ; and confirm the right of th
Euteiuve, to reiv dhe proceeding of the Slae Court
and t icterpos the Royal prerogative of paudenig, bwhe
*ech a mtp my b lhe a m ry. t
This is certainly no me then we anticipate
Iro a Ma jesy's Coloiai Secretay; at we sill ame
and wE mits b our point,,' as one ob
hmr a Nmm ame osephlb in thib Cort, His Majesty'
rWel a dm t e-N d to it. We are mpported b
de t sin ce the power of trying sive fur capie
Some- ma tokn- ame it Coe, a&er Overmo
Onr m Mr. P ih Emamiap, atmpMn in
erfo Aw di refh mMl i mm dm ofd the
Giving &ch pOer a Commaer.-iChif w
S -lr lil d6 lhe ml to eOWaI stam; ta
m se abe pp-- ad by de part of the CommniAn
of lld eriy, whoe n wr pMteme q competent
udgeof therest ofthe King'sl peregaive,--wichml
mat dmre is appeal bem tis Coaurs-mit-hei al
menia Jbre to reiimnon by hde Executive; and w
b im tL e mi L thaat a chma sahild he inrted in th
act. d udpower to the Goveror orCommader-l
Ca V Ceri i, i, h m rpo o pn i r M dof tdeM del
cabcy, and rmOmaedS tha it AiMrd memd.l
lr Y P u oe" N my be, whic
S Pgahl a nepmeatative of Hbi Majesy, I
Sr press* d Goverment outwardly to u.
pE prim nram1 d with t covert f their -
rn( bi ihe ane i r rto a the am tim-, pr
uly, a saheae sr pm hmnt for bis idhonetin: -
we ha e p t6 ighsmt dealt, that Skb Jams BaSyth
nee Pd arp vWr the amI ad we ho emeed,
he =m reep o his pary for bhi, dew rit
do#*@* m in hin hvoe .
We, ianhre, usmelnd in e se mam -
da B amibs ta he tm to themselves; to pesha i he
appeitlm tooppmlei and tyranny, t Ithey caonic
HIl Majesty's OWerCl s t, dtt at nappltin pa e.
Pt d helk l tle wpople, and that His Enxe4lcr
admihloradon b only mpported by a poor, mimeri
hirein pnry,- c lmod o"f men of so iandunr,


~"rl7 `~ 1~948~F~" -r~


wit Lh4L-- ta6 Coloy.' We rFOP" 4 gAli algh tima. who wAL-ama ait of
wvwa snm lma(di k fall dia mating&- th lew&d r o th A i mma, until lqa^ 'g
dea, which hs ofl hoase w noechocm s; hbt embsoldon them tke a higer aim.
to ~ amrd manfully, d elect s to reprnoe I y, pR nobe irrel t to add, thatd ,
t d Houa e of Asmbly, who ref-ue the ta of too w oe of the colurd men who ~uand i
oppoaidou to Sir Jame Carmihael Smyth. Let them that able document-the coloured petition; aiged,
b do this, a their dhniplailifua meet with attention; mal have ten, by every
and th ject so eagprly ought for, and ardently wished Mongrel, cur. beah, or hound,
by ., anamly-the ~remuoval of the present Governor- ^ And whelp of low degree,"
m namO lyal --e re.modl the sekent GovernorM giving, as a reason, and a just one, we think, that h a
We hll a croch p the p f seet tion in liCe wa of No humble a nature, as to make asei
voted to ooraslve, noar elu the patience of our red- feece in any thing of a political nature. perfectly adg
vted by uexpsing the fahesi l and lirepreoentationad character, and inconsistent with his trust interest
en, by esposing the fasiMs-ds *Id nmirepreaentations
with which nOemorial of the twenty seven. teems; AN HONEST MAN '8 THE NOBLEST WOIRK0
but shall lave the aothon of them to the sting of their GOD."
own guilty conciences, and to view with what feelings Since the commoncermet of our Editorial duties, ,
dmy y, the eating monument to their disbonour have o very many occasion been obliged to aesr,
Tshee, which tlhy have raised not only upon acts of mirgovernment, on the part of it
The flowing i, a fur as or koowledg goe, a correct Eacellency b James CarmichuP Smyth, but it ho- a
statement of the omber of ece bldes, pesioner, been our painful task to expoe to public contempt. a,
government contractors, alaveoolers, and other who duct of his, alike derogatory to the exalted statig wUI
signed this infamoudocemat he holds i this colony, and to his character as as ag
O iIce bolder, Wem s J d i A. dit.:-Let and a gentleman. With ll hi discrepancis, however
Kerr, William HlSe J. J. Forba, B. J. Lightbourn, both public and private, we really never did ticip,
Jame Ari rhou Rgby, Jas Malcolm, that we should have to record in our coam, &a imno,
Joh Malcolm, John McDnld, Samuel Nesbitt, Jobh of a truly dihononrable a nature, a it now i a ou,
fHepAhn, C. I Nesbitt, John Pinder, John Irving, Jam lot t unfold. But to our tle.
Wlker, Wiler Bethel, Water Lightbourn, J. A. Bode, Major Nicoll, it will be remembered, after haig bis
()o of wbom pmom many alae and 7 do not laced under an arrest, in consequence of a fracias bie
wn ase. hliniself and the governor'ss champion and pot compa i
Slave holder, without offe:-Joseph Ihnter, B. S. Jmice Sandnilhnd, at the Naval Ball, on the 3d d
Lightbuorn, sen. Robert Buder,' Edward Butler, Norman November last, was on Saturday, the 5th, released ; but a
Butler, George Canplejohn,t-(6),-but posessing no the same tfme,ordcred to embark on the following Mo.
influence in the loilCy. l:y for Jamaica, there to report hinumlf to the Adjuant
Pmo-ewithooat-ny propmry in the Colony :-Thoas general In hurrying the Major away, the G(vernomed
Pinder, Jamea Blckand St. George Deans-(.) a two-fold object in view. In the first place, the Maja
The,the, are the men prtendlng to express the wish- would be unable to collect stiniony to the true ue it of
of theb whoof the inlabitant ofthoe Islands, rendered his case, an his Excellency be thus ensbkld to lay aeen.
as ontemptib by tbeir fshood., u by ir nymbera. poart statement before tie military authorities in Janmics
R Bought by a Clon lry in the Militia, and boosted of by for which purpose, an affidavit front, Sandilands lad anal-
His Excellency, u having bee raised b bib to the rank ufa ly Iern obtained. And in tle second place, the removed
ung me the o of Robert Butler. of Major Nirolls would prevent any proictlinS frh
Since left he Coluon being iistiiuted against Snndilands, in order to bring his
Sto justice for hi violation of the law. This a bitraryv a
A al hisble colourid man of tim ane of MdMauh-g oppresive conduct of the governor's towprds an old ud
Sto, hvbing detected an i-prenice of him In the act of dnesrving officer, was reurobated throughout ti- i-b
robbing him, and having had ause to check him frequent- town; and steps were very speelily resorted e, Is tl
Sly, upon previous occasion, for similar delin|uencies, re- purpose of defeating, if possible, his vindictive iustetinm
solved to punish him sv4rely for a propensity, which, if The Major lad contacted debts in the tows, whir,
allowed to sttain maturity Iilh his increasing years, would upon this suddlen emergency, le was unable i liquidhlr,
certainly lead him to ligb licial elertlion. During die without a ruinous sacrifice of his prolwrty. Surh a sun-
operation of castigation, the pprentice made, in his own (ice, however, his creditors would never hale Idesiiedl; ad
defence, very lood me of his lungs-no much o, a to Iead he been about quitting lhe colony, under an) uobr
Sdraw Mr. John Walker, Ordnance Storekeeper, to the circumstances, they never would have attm,)1ted to dleis
spot, who immediately directed a constable in attendance, hin.-('ircumstancn, nevertheless, alrtr ra-es. MNs)
i to take both McNaughton and apprentice to guol; and it Nicolls was now die victim of lyrannty-ouplulionu se
is much to be regretted that he (McN.) refused to go, as driving him froO our ahores-ruin might be tLe rewm-
he would have been afforded an opportunity of punishing quence, ald, with every honorable intention I~ mret i
legally, a steal dracete of Sir J. C. Smyth, and hypo- engagemenim, invincile neresity might prevent iln. Hie
t critical preacher of philanthropic doclines, the moa re- crediorn., iterrfore, determined to try the strength at l
s mote from his own price. Mr. Walkerls amturaly civil, against tie military law ; aod, accordiniel, a baibil
Skind behaviour toewa f h dome tic and nemiest con- writ was bsued against lin., m the suit of one of tha
d neion a life, is e eruemely notsu a to make creditors, and on the Monday being, while a his was
r emment oa emr part aperdmm ; except i ao far as our to embark, be wa arrested. A report having beeno m
- wonder and amtmis8men y go, that he doe not plack to the (;overnol, by the Major, of his situation and ca
w dt am outat of owa eye, the better to se me one i queua inability to obey the order for emlauikalin,
Shis broer's. Sapient Chief became fwiouu ; aad it was e sei
I Upo tIl morning ahqut to the occurrence already doubtful, whether the Major would not be nscued by l
a motied, McNeaghtoa was summoned before he Police tary force. This, however, being a dangerous erpai
o Magins Jobs Irving, ad J. J. Forbes, Esquires. meant, even for the mighty James, the &dpeOy Prout
. Abbei neitber do number f our Island physical is at Marshal (the principal being conaoed to his bed by illMr)
e Akcisnt, tr the miliry aff completely vacant, a was at lait crnmanded to stnend at the Government hlo.0
e very 1tig tool wau faomWd a mrgcon of the navy, who where, being ehered into the august presence of or
Declared At'was a puaihsnt 8o severe, as to exceed ruler, he wa interrogated by him, as to the fans *f tL
r- say thing knam or wimard by him in the service ;" ars, amour of tie debt,and a towhedherthere serras
J- sad a promiiig O of ypocrama fwh i a od other wilts aint the Major. excep the onem qin *-il:
,lim(, t tad ad fed'm tf/, coincided that it was "very to the latter query, the officer could, of rntnrt, aor'
SIw." The defAinean t for die aideSt relenidprnc- or.iy so far as his ki ledge went, as the Provmat Morsd
h ig in the colony, ore who ha long been employed has several bailiffto whadwrita are often delivrred,*ni
aboet the varionu public departments, and had full opior- out reference to any other officer. To make the sw
i- usiy of acquiring a knewslge of the quantity of pemish- sre, the Prohonorary was then sent for, and Ilis Esi"
m received, fe the marks of violence reminiag, lency having, after sorm delay, mitflied himeIf that tlhe
d whedeI ared, that "kwas amih floging,uchashm. aehol. was only the one writ against the Major, underlook to dt
a mmrwow d m radily gi a stubborn rhool-boy ;" and Deputy Provost Manhal, to be responsible to him fo e
V oof the military surgimossupported hisamerion,de. amunt-upoe the faith of which undertaking, a disrhar
do daring that tb military puaaimets of e imeat brifi from ihe action was given to Major Nicoll., by tht olffr'
kind, wen mne, beyond cperios, if compared with We min here remark that this tran.ction was wholly wil-
to I wimeaud to, bf the marks upon the apprentice in mt the privily r consent of Major Nicoll., and was nr"'ly
1qu* ,1I0o by the Governor for ftie purpoae of forcing bhin L
Let a compare the navl, with the military murpe's of te colony in furdthernce of whih oliject, fresr"
i lpinia r a compare thedoniciliry visit ofMr. Walk- den were issued for his immediate enimbrkLtion. accO"'
Ser, with tie r a nisaed by a Goverror's hireling., prior lpnied with directions to lth commander of thie rv'Sl O
t, I the reptasntlatle ( of thll house ,f Asmemlly; and w ar, (on board of which he was ordered to rnitl,) hot,
shl se that wee a again p be annoyed b the insidious aftr he was oce on board, should any bhot altemttP

t /ir 'o made meu of to keep ler of. Be. Atui)rn Guo'neml; and dho by the dleof din po-
in- the irder for hi embarkation could b i r- nounel s hvin ver na tm rl ey: y r by i tme byA e k K
e ec v, severl other writ were launched forth, aed smiesly perIeverMCae, redlres wu at Is attained. I fa, mo Mi Cbrleto
d ~Je again sIcoe in le bands of lme myr- will apply to our case, a part of a peech lately mude in At Gnree Tuedle I
o m te law. the Jaruica House of Awssembly, by an able member TIb by James Bey
I fuah attack won too much for His Ecellency. tht Iloue, Mr. Lvncll,-" Our watclh-rd at ur l M Mb Elsmboeh B
ought not to be cuarciiuesua, but resis ; an if our At Oree Turtle Ke
e.y were evidently determined to give him a uleuorials,-our petitiono, ar of no avail, then we maut ML4. Jm Bema
dt he power of the civil law-the strong arnl make choice of men, who have both ability and firuen Md a 'y Kmp.
sklb dty extended between him and the object of his carry our resolutions to the foot of ti Throne, and AL j, gSa
..., ta Ihere was no telliorg how many writs were in emand redeuss,-demand our right." lFncs R1a e
S ene to allow the r two dy re to The counter petition, as it is called, whigl appeared ia
,ns .o allow the MaH two days nor to the Royal e1atte of yesterday, issated to be an extract, PABI
Sillaad'iirs, a the expiration of which period, how- only. l he* been informed, that a lmle.m, whom In the schoonr
S(t(he M major) was still in custody, and o remained eigntures to II, was asked what was te purport of e Robert Wier, Equir
Se days leger, when he was released on bail, but eniaining pert of this lying pdIiot HI s n r ---
rdely alferwards bound over to appear as pro- pro tly was I do not know, for I neer rad it." I BY HENRY
firmly believe, that if the majority of dh persons who
aains Randiland., at the ensuing January Court. signed it, were also asked the sne qesia, and would a On M
kde business rested until tle return ilay of the boeestly answer a the goeatleau above eatimged, dtnt AT
h se the Major, living arranged the demands the nie reply would begiven. At
hbi, with the exceplin of the debt for which he It will be superfluou in ume, Mr. Editor, to make any
fIrst Arrieted, the several actions were, with thdi elaborate remarks on this counter peitin: a discening Suple no
l sd d ald intelligent community wil proparidy apnlate its Rice, Guina
L, dicontinued; but that debt remainine unatis- merits, and will determine most justly, as to d pinios Bur"er, Lard,
il tUtorney who lad issued tie writ, applied to the ltat ought to be entertained of die tweuny men individlrA Candles, Por
I libr tlhe ainunt of debt and costs, or for an assign- who figure away at the bottom. I will, Mnevethele, take White Flam
of the bail bondl-upon which, he was infornmed, thua ts liberty of introducing To Trug woU (we rqir Irish Bed-se
il n, i further knowledge of dam) tham coalspiou clsmacte. Fancy Ilindh
hail loed lad been take, the Major having nen dis- T number who lave signed, is twenty .-Fourt Holland Gin,
hy the Depuly Marshil on the failt of his Excel- are persons either holding appointmeni pensions, or in Crackers, &
py the Governor's verbal undertaking to pay the amount ime employment of Government. Aother is an old, TO
fike debt, &r., lult tImt dt undertaking lid not yet been infirm, blind man, and in his dotage ; the piety and filial 0 Boxes Cuba
erermed. The Attorney tlen Infnrmad die Marshal, tiat duty f whose son (holding not only appoinmnstc u-
16 the, whout ay, 1 i der the Crown, but the Colonlalsppontant aiso of clerk Wine in cask
sh' the oney wnas forthconing, without delay, Ie to the Commissioners of Correspondace,) signed, as I per, Iron, Ri
lild commences o action against himn for an escape. In have heard, either his name for him, or guided his hand. Terms-CASH.
sequence of thi thel:, it was though advisable by Another ham been locking out for die loaves and fihe ; Deceniber 17th.
i Deputy (tie person who weld eventually be the nuf- and"' a' length, has secured the folner, a contractor to BY JOH
r, if an action was brnoglht) to refreshen Ilis Excel- furn'"h His Majesty' 'l'roolP with welded Another has
icy's nniory Uni tl. subject of lte promise ; but ln! i been lately appointed preacher and teacher to the chosen On Mend
's muory tfa s t of prie but as vourites of our Commander-in-Clhid and the saint- AT
pwdible as it emay appear-Sir Jnames Carmichael Simyrh, tip sable inhabitants of tihe delectable village of Car- At 1
uernet of time United Kinedom, a Major General in niichael. I now sincerely regret a bring into observation,
IL Service, a representative of Mlajesty itself, was an old and a respectable inhabitant,of those islends-a Fresh Superf
dlid to every fieling of lion,)r--u callous to the die- gentleman fOr whom I entertain a sincere regard-and Butter, Lard
of con n hnery- to i*itat, wither le into wliose hands, from some new contemplated ar- Dry Goods,
Sorr mraog .eonns, ltm reins of tlis (Governmont may one day
l keep) that word whicl lee lead voluntarily pledged, 1jl1-1I sle*,,d rejoice if it weret t-morrow. I lave 10 kegs Gunpow
ilpmn lite faitn of whicle, tie De-puty M.larsisal had made -carrel) 4uuili, that alien this petition shall prusebt itself' December 17th
Iif leklly re.pontible for a min1 of nmonev of no in- btlhle hid;, in his present doniestic regrimentl, tha lee will BY HENRY
midrnble uninonolt to hlinm., lt whlirh, wh.n larcel in tI. si"cerely regret be ever aw it; and I cannot but believe,
aieahe ainount to hin oa wich, w placed in ia from the opinionshe hs frequency aid publicly expressed, O Ta.d
f aia t ti e honour uof .leudeuoan, would be but rs rpespcting tp osere of r r, of i UeJt G e AI a So .
Lb is b balance. that ame r- o- rAt the Stan 9C F. a
lIjor Nicollt was in the Ileand-lii body nniigJt, ltere- take an advantage of him.--lere d re nineteen out ef
I, be taken. Iis (th (;oerrnor's) promise lead been the te""ny seven, absolutely koldi situations, or im the cnoniinal one--I,. wa.ihll ake legal advice upon pOy of tIhe Goerrarent. Two ortfue of tlhrenainmler. 6 Hlogheads cl
S. a. w te i whoin it will be unnecessary for me Io particularize, are Maleira, Te
hiert., &g,. &c. &c. ,Surl were tll pitiful excuses resalctalle, and I regard tllien. The residue I hll nei- Cognac Bran
mh by the Governor, to avoid the perl'rinance of hi. liter w ale paper nor ink, by noticing. Choice Cordi
prm, but fear of exposure rcomellledh him, at length, to Sell:-intelnrt ,i in my opinion,too predominant a pamion I Nutmeg and
ihfal, in liononr, he was bound to do. in Iu)* hunian breast. It as doubtless operated upon the London, Whi
Th plainliff in i rigincl action, was delrrmined to conduct of perhaps, several whose naueos are to the pe- BSop, Shingli
e plainti i i original action, was determined t tiole, fir let it er be forgotten, that be hehigh, or be I case fine Sh
ptred aminst dhe Marshal,and his Alttorney hld, in fart, he lo|," ee must andi shall support Ili Majesty's Govern- 1 ditto Nuns' T
vme arel proceriliner M ejor Niceoll, on the other mennt here; to liha said our very excellent Governor, in 3 trunks edy
hel, had ixpren'sl hlis determination not so lay one shlil- one of hir proclannution making humoiiirs.-I conceive it Brnodclotls,
lard ef dae l:n.L--stlang lin st it was the only mode lell ti be unnecessary to mIake any coinnents upon the pe-
, shewi his idiignation at what he considered tition if the frmee wple of rolour,-tle objec they have 2 blue Dinner
Sn view is natural; it proceeds, front a deire, that is equally Trrm,--thre M<
i, a the part of tle Governor, towards him. The rooted in the heart of the white, as well as in that of tle quired.
ra wouM, tlhrerl;,r, have iravelled before a jury, and Ilis civilized black : but let me, a friend, tell them, that December 17th.
Eirban.y well knew that thern his conduct would appear that object will be more readily and securely attained, by
a 4rm m nelrs, arnd that t Mre his emmditionuale huonility, and a proper coesibpation of their situatins in CHR IST C
S al. ad n i Ii society, than by an insolent andaaquential desnour,
""id beiRd by more witneI tha one ! I The which has been very generally ad i, smin of their 9U
"lad a Oc an exposure induced lia to be honest after class. AVINGO fed
'6 eIght days, and the money as, on Wednesday The Mumber of *sintur (tdib m odn d el e ) ba pr hrel of
,pid. said to have been muxed o t i petite, excitd i bne Lhilling do wei
h ., dm s risd m o o e surprise. To the best of my recollection of tie last lib. us. By
sim dout surprised many of our readers wo census, taking the most enlarged view of it, nou moa dmn
tof this dishonourlile transaction, hat we did one hundred andfifty adults would, I believe, have been Vanra Rooe 6(I
Simlistey take notice of it; and we feel it necessary posibly found. The remainder then mmut have been
le,, tdt it did not escape our observation, but know- composed of the savage Africn-for saage he is ill,
h character of Hli, Excellency as well a we do, though liberatedfrom his indemnure-and theAmerica Ne- A ia
Sv s n .n s i te' roes lately robbed fromsome citieasof the United Slae. Saddle.
motives innuncled un in waiting till lhe expirn- Byv refnrencetoJ. J. Forbesndistioctandcorrectaccnat Pr PCe
i lioellowrcd by th pitrils Attorney,for the might, perhaps, be obtained; he, it bad been report, odtlrs, e
Sdohe llonVe, that no comment of our's upon had saved Quamina, Quishy, and Cadjee, the treble of December 17h.
Sre lfeay's conduct might he the means of prevent- signing their names, themslvea- This man hs lately me- TO RI
'prforeManc of his proise, and tlrelhv entailing a quiredl menituationu0deroverniment in Duminiquw--f"or r sd o
S. P what Certainly not from an Amor Pamlri, nor from an For Ii
niid. ki upon ll I|)IHpuy Proveot MlrsL ineresfl felt in tbewelfureiad properity of hiscountrymen. o t
If rirhes are to be ar(cuirel only by a sacrifice of honour,
Nasa m, 15ISl December, 1831. oh may I continue to breathe in humble, but yet rrpec- Decenm er 104L.
T' the Editor of the Balhasa Argos. ed poverty! AGRICOLA.
] E itoe--Tlr political character of the saily Fam 'kTreta Carwr. otlerr I. T N H
".' d,t"flathle, h, habes, fuhelly e ngnownd and t WAR BETWEEN CIIINA AND GREAT BRITAIN. by Mr.
hr "ofsu I ha eeinise l seoe IWe learn from Captain Caldwell. of the bna Osprayn aived convene
P h.b s he. been expected, and therefore n" here on .unlay. that the Eas:l Ind Companys Bloop of attack,
s Gate. created, that any aret of our Pry war Co or. mvedlat St. HlChena. ltth Sepremher. with di- ttac e ed,
,rm nMr tending to delrecite and render putche. for England, announcing that the Lnglish F lctories s extive y.
T OJeB properly, and tinrebv the more easily at Canton hdl been broken up hy ihe Chinrr. the servants bhve bes lamely
hde i en lly conlemplatedl ouject-Emnra ipation- attached mo the Fiacories had their heads taken off. the like- of the fence have
~~~" dan, Ad meet with the unrquivo a "ns of King George tnrn down al trampled under foot. the
Shis Loahip and the fntic crew w regi.latree, in front of the Frmerines tore up. &,. All commerce A tract of Land
ad control l ps clings. berweee the Eagish and Chinese eeaed after loth August. a It is divided
e which may turn t inlar to the ne which and the British ships had all left Marea. wer. otbe in lte
i cmay turn u miar to the one which vrhouid a War betwenw the emperor of China and the King the vlr into iB
i eam g wth Lord lathurt, the then (Co- of Great Brilao grEw out of the roe s anguinmry proceed- n o or h
S ,etary, ia on flei eve of coiimmincin. Petiiouns ang,. it may seriously affect hr teltr ie f this runtry, with pod on se or
ao- .I.6"pached, conmplaining of ler infringepn *nt of i (Clona. am the Hlriti. wllId loubtlle bkoc e the port of r 1h.
0 rights, ,s well as for the renmotal of thb Culon and cut off its trade. I Sp bar 1th.

ey, A.e, de T ao, en- ten

. EpJ. . J. W h ia L

7.Abaco, on Thermby. NMoes*= 0h
y. Abao, heol g,. Nmvm a40
, Esquis, J. P. Mr. Joh Cay, b
7, Abe, an Thabdmy, Dealmn d.
, Eqirs, J. P. PM. Timoty Kby,

Favorite, Clarke, f'r MoUi:-

'pm55S, 191& bau.
ins rTMse moua, a
Will be @old
ir, in whole ad halt harvbu
Potoes, 4
k, Peas,
el, Negro Blakets,
c. Ar.
s, Pitch in brrels, Anchor, old ObnI
going, and a LAUNCH.


ay Vnzt, tlh 19th istael,
Tlle TVaNUV n, ous,
.0 0'leIk A. a.
Will be Sold.
ine Flour, Sugar, Tobacco,
, Sop, Rice, Corn, Oas,


SOeng, the WAth bmasi.
rnr, Esquire, in Bhialey Sea,
SQb a a
Withlou Resern. *
oice Madeura Wine,
nerifi and Port, in bottle,
ly, is lots to suit purchasers,
ala, Loaf Sugir,
SBlack Pepper,
ie Lead, N s' fool O,
eg Nails, and Spikes,
made Clothing wantedd)
etsi, &c. kc. Ac.
tbh's Crdit on giving ecariy itr

t neaar
tie asine of asnse a*fte lt d
perim Flow, Ordered. thm d
gh11e. 1m ., ad "d ipmy Lasf
order oe thVe Va.
DAVID SPENC Vetry Clark.
h, December, 181.
odMme B ddb Hoer, BrisH aml
The Ilorse oa wi is bhra. and
ctly ge.ik. Price $18. Fw part-
iquir at dthis oe.

ENT,-A buidfully rter irp
ndiea loe ini ti Eas Dinari.
, or adr iaftmalrioa. l

mme and Pmniesm pasn e~pi
Pokier. The Hos is ray nd
t, with large Kichen and l
chair home and mustel for u
id end pm piece. Thb Out11p
roughly repaired, and th i mn pMt
een Oewe put u.

miated at dt Vilhg, ge.s mS
by the vilelp-rd bst LM sh
erected by me rw mad hadibg I
lue hillroe4 Thi l radwihdi-
re lots. Aq l LL to

.r W rOLAND. Ie
T. 'iafm o U.twhai6 LWba m a ca a
= be dr Pefa ram a r = bF
bady fISiOD dd-fr teu ua ern hoeing
UId d l artim aeanl easIed at she Ansarisa
i They ae .lafrt apr utly sothe saie mre
SIEpaear d lKas, who, i iid, mailfesta dapo
,pget tlo the with p muTh werhy as might have baee
red, if at eslpctd. It wil probably b know. her
mag whaler his Imperial majesty foelsay ras
as saydhe Em op F.Oue powers for the courm
r.aor the feeline they have exhibited, sinew d wm t
up ry spirit broke out on the continent
The Gand Duke Michael is to succeed his brother
'Conalaia as Governor of Poland.
AccWsts frem Touirphin, whither dl Franks ied afl
the destruction of Pera, ay that up to the 3d of October
as ocaurcrd almoa every day; and ta the uuhans were
spateby om. Hay of thil wi n Impreased into
a earry, and lhr pay ma bn edamd. Fourteem of
the principal Uieras Irae ben anmt" to pray for rin,"
whih am indream d to hI a dismmi al hom ower under

It til reported that it is designed to afianre the Duke
of Bnedeema to O yung princes Elisabeth of Spain.
A Camp of 10ul Omen, it is Iated, i to be formed at
-spomAr tS.-N-Marmp who is eadeavoring toraise
the baytiek of Oran lamrweto, has written to Nlians
and Madesh, to annooce the arrival of troops from Mlo-
.s, aand Ivit lhe to earh with dim.
litten fr m Naples my, thai the King of Frane and
the Bey f Tuni agreed, hy treaty, on ai tih Augtnl
L IN O, a t etap or permit privtenrine again n rca
of war. Tb tsatrantrnient hail hen mlode Ielween
Sthe king of the two Nicili.s and the Rev of Tunis.
The Pope hasrecsived an amlbsador from Don Miguel.
The aairn of rhe Nitherli re w rtil nnleeritlrl : hil al
del itarne rl was shnntly esperltd to I.e rounludled helween
H.lland d Drellaum. andier the mediauon of the Minister
ef th Gr Peowern Lednmo.
It I antsd al e aenrh lett froee the Emperor
lmchaeola to the Piee of (Ornne. to woam i was sent with
d e ata s tohe astsanti of the Cuar upON the sajier of the
elaeita rebellion; sad it saaM also he stated that the letter
in p or to e wrerip at St. Petersblrh of the nucs of
tang Wrsaw."
thi d'&> latr J. l l a. d 21w. Ageps laterfirve
or er n rcollrrc. Mr. lileda. racrhrJ thn cily at a ve
'btmhour ro "runiln, ha. ing bldod the pakel ship Svi-
Jvam &ma o('aps. Allyn, which sailed from liverpool on
S he I Illh i't. by l e lr I a per in pormin el oar a lular
Yaes of the I lth. and Landoa eatrian to Masday the luth,
Pre Creane. and IJoyd' lJes. all incusive.
The greatest pasiileenciement priailed throuhout the
hkigdlo ia coeouaneO of the lsfeat of the Arem f ll. In
Ladon, iverpool end other great ritis, btuiness w nearly
at a s ual. It nM geal lly belied l the Kig's Minn.i
a will t milgn. but ltha a oiber f se Peers will be made.
Meeting ae calleJ is aN the mar towns. and the p.per
are dr".ed in moeusig oa n a tna a he in ealligence.
Up o ihe lateIt baor tl dh been so disorders runhy of

The following om aamientoe. coanained in the Jamnle
.Ca d lasik alL. we dem worthy of repetiom, and
,i r, gives i a plee to ear .l.-. ad. b .
-Di at Mane De."
Eavee..-a aA tmm a dai plnot. too me ow.
m a isa n a mt o mes a o h i andm a ofa
of ma ed Cal-leais al wea an to p" p ai w I
Pa isha l habe a d i WaI am the t oloat dao a
Nal-., h dudta n f maid tihe power ao the
Enne Gemma5 I t nsma, the Mother Comtry
sm imest ta ma at thae a taso dk rgu d asee
vimI. :t mo Ilgl, we hIsm moeotofewIifnhei
> so!. wBla SoJintga a kgd resa tr'o.. Our
Caleaml Asse y i depndeL mi relation to the a-
Sof the Burisa Parliamens. s was th Ptmeamn of
Ihap as the L aism.-The Engalsh House of Cosne
ha as mae rith to lherede with ar property, wimhoul the
emaha of wa AsimbIly Ckhales the Task.eC Prme.e
wia laad liby a pt ra. aer is a hw of afomsa.
a n v Iati f haw. aught o e b A ol rn d. d-a
oasme sha h I dnema .1i lasBeshe M .. ma
bn,. mea m sademce, sheeMi lu
sL mmry i Win M r hand m eem an. Js
w'o wIl- f he the conseqinm K fr. wow yer,
Seal m h I "wsj m Isn .talen or a-.

e ,dhwws -~a of 1 si ad a m a tha three
a e m eMtO m o f m e a m wno d eater
po --"-is a- 4-th IM ofl me aa.M

o aaman daPsasiesn of her pU blic l a aiad
Ilmpeaolies of the Unitmd Ba es:all ia romf gie.
dm a by 'mem-eI .' las Nr. mep Cana.
slaed a, wheh ptaiZ a,. poor ma. from ganing as
mtnmaig a e!" M as reeitees whatever haippes, ath
eI rein bah ** mars we ow ame.
I wil mppsm the Bi iash Government sand moagh to em-

f new" is the lnid
i- mee ,-they thel ae L t ibmes ml I
tuhe Life a .dappe d Tulmirn ad e wlln
November 8, 1t.
Taugts m Vis-s Sjed*, b Mr. Pop.
Patly is He made- of many, fur the gai of a
There never was ay party, faction, seet, or cabal wh-
sever, is whiah the ae ignorant were not the mt vi-
lent; fora bee is am a helier animal than & blockhead.
However, sdcl intnet m ase necessary to politicians;
ad perhaps is mey e with states as with clock, wbiah
mI have some da weight hanging at ths to help aid
regulate the motion f the her and orwe aeful pag.
To endeavour to work apo tihe vulgar with fine ame,
is like attempting to hw blocks with a raor. Fine mese
and esalyd n anel a alf so meful as common seni:
there are forty men of wit to o ne an of sense: and he
that wil carry nothag about him but gold, will be every
day at a han for wat of readier change.
Learning is like msety, one of the mast powerful and
excellent ling in the world in skilful bands: in unskilful,
the moat mischievous.
The icest consithedo of government are often like
Ithe Aee pieces of dck-work : which depending on so
ay motion, a moe abon ject to be it of

Modesty, if it were t be recommended for moving els,
ths were enough, that d preending to little, leaves a mn
a eae; wheares hotibeg reqairem perpetual labour to
appear what he i amL If we have snae, modesty best
prom is to others: if we hove none, it beat hides our want
of it.
It is not so much the being exempt from faults, as the
having overcome them, thk is ns advantage to s : it being
aith the folliesof the abLd, a with the weeds of a field,
which, if destroyed and conumed upon the place of their
birth, enrich and improve it more, than if none had paer
sprung tiere.
To parduo those absurdities in ourselves, which we can-
no suiler in others, is neither better not surue than to be
more willing to be fuol ourselves, than to have others so.
A man should never be ashamed to own be has been in
the wrong, which i t uying, in other words, that lie is
wiser b day than be was yesterday.
Our pausions ar like convulsive fits, which tough they
make us stronger for the tine, leave us weaker ever after.
To be angry, is to revenge the fault of othrle upen our-
*ev4.e a n e* eon hi errsp Who does him
a injury; for he ha it then in his power to make hinuelf
superior to tie ohir, by forgiving it.
To relieve the oppmmna, as the moas glorious act a man
i capable uf ; it isa ome measure doing the business of
God and Providece.
Superstition is he spleen of the soul.
Athrist put o a false courage and alacrity in the midst
of their darknel and apprehensions: like children, who,
whoe they goin h edark, will sing for fear.
An Athest is but a mad, ridiculous derider of piety,
but a hypocrite nakes a sober jest of Gol and religion.
He fds it easier to be upon his knees, dian to rise to do a
good action; like as impudent debtor, who goes every day
and talks familiarly to ii creditor, without ever paying
what he owes.
What Tully aysf war, may be applied t diputing;
it should be always e managed to remember, that the only
end of it i peace: but gearally true disputants are like
true n ear thair whole delight is in the puamit; and
a dismasnt ao am 1Fa se tru thd tha the sportaunm
for se hate.
The Scripam t. dis pts, is like an epea town
is time of war, which serves indifferently the occasions of
b&h partake I enra a oeof i frlthe preaitturn, and
tha rr na i it to *e aect coaer tode the ame.
Sa as aren alllaerving apon others, are like those
who ar alwaysabroad at other mean's bhos, reforming
vr thing there, while their own run to ruin.
We b ma grow virtuoua ia their old age, they oaly
mbak a 1cniI stood of the del's leaving.
Wh we am yamg, we a slavishly mpna d in pro-
eurinog aoething wha by we may live comfortably when
we g ew ; ad when we are old, we perceive it is too
h e liKe a we proposed.
People are samablid, if one langhs at what they call
a serious iag. 8uppose I wee to have my head cut off
-mraew, and all she world dae talking of is to-day, yet
why a sig I ale gh sI thinks L what a budle is there about

Ti g nrai advansa I know of bestbont ght a wit
by ti wWd rld m a is giva ooe the greater freedom of
playsag doeid.
We ought ia bomeiy, ao moe to desape a man for
due msfortuna of the mind, dthn for those of tm body,
wa dahey are sack an he cannot help. Were hi ihe-
reaIly raidered, we should an mote loegh at na for
having his braia cracked, than for having his head broke.
A ma of wit is not incapable of busione, bu above it.
A sprightly, generous hore is able to carry a pek-.mddle
as i as an am, bet e is too good to be put to the drud-

Wherwer I d a gret deal of gratiade in a poor
aI, oake it far grand dre would be a mMec gmae-
ay if he were rich mn.
Flm of rhetoric, in nermons and serine diemaBm,
ar like the blue and red flower in corn, pleasing to them
who come only for anmamen, but prejudicial to him who
would reap to profit

WhI twe c ..-o.,g

wblds h be lealkem L t
H whe telho Hba e L s notme heo
muderaLes; for he am b forced to in
to mintala that M.e.
OiinI advice , many times, aly the
in a foolish thing one's lif, unde, pretsa ."
another from doing one.
It i with followers at court a with l
read, who first hspatter those that go
tread on thair heels.
False happiness in like false mone ; it H
a well au the true, and serves ome erdm-
but when it i brought to the touch, we find
and alloy, and feel the los.
Dastardly men are like sorry horse, qo i
spirit and mettle enough left to be luischiev
Some people will never learn any thing, k
because they understand every thing too seas
A person who is too voice an obervr of dla
the crowd, like one who s too curious in
bour of the be, will aoten e stung for his ca
A men of business ny ulk of philuoophy, a
has none may practise it.
These are some solitary wretches, whotemts
the rest of mankind, only u Eve left Adai;
the devil in private.
The vanity of human lif is like 0 river, c
ia way, and yet costanly coming oe.
I seldom e a oble building, or any ohe
magnificence ad pomp, but I think, ibo Ge is
ntisfy the ambition, or to fill the is, atof
It isa certain truth, that a man is vso ,
little imp upon, s among people ofh tb
i cots far more double to be admitted or conmi
dompeny than in good; a the former hre l
standing to be employed, so they have mown v* 1
pleased; and to keep a ol constantly is gal
with himself, and with others, is no very eay a
The difference between what is commonly cal
nary company and good company, is only hesriaig
things aid in a little room or in a large aloes,
table or at great tables, before two candles,
It is with narrow-souled people as with on
bottles: the less they have in them die more i
make in pouring it out.
Many men have been capable of doing a who
more, a running thing, but very few a pgnerum th~
Since it is reasonable to doubt most thing., r dil
mostof ll doubt that reason of ours, which wrold-n
strate all things.
To buy books, as some do who umake sea a
only because idKy were published by an emaiser pa
is much as if a man should buy dolhm that ie It
only because they were made by some fmnnous tl.
It is as offensive to speak wit in a fol's ronwpit,al
would be ill manners to whisper in it; he is displesid
both for the same reason, because he is ignorant of ti
False critics rail at false wits, as quacks and imr
are still cautioning us to bewareof count rfrits, udr
other cheats only to make more way for their ow.
Old men for the most part are like old chromidta
give you dull but true accounts of time past, Iad arm a
knowing only on that score.
There should be, methinks, as little merit is hw,
woman for her beauty, as in loving a man fur hi p
rity; both being equally subject to change.
We should manage oar thoughts in compmi w
work, as shepherds do their towers in making i gal
firt select he choicest, and thee dispose tlhe is it -
proper places, where they give a lustre to each *r.
As handasme children are oe adishonour loo
ed father than ogly oner, became unlike hirssf; prt
thought, owned by a plglary, iiag him mad
than his own ill ones.
When a poor thief appears in rich garmeats, f
ditlrly know they are none of hi own.
Human brutes, like other beasts, find snanres sla
in the provisions of life, and are allured by their --
to their dearoction.
The moat ave e mn ae the moat endaliei
they mot believe themselves, and advise muet
false flatter, and worst enemy, their own self-kn
(Get your enemies to read your works, in order In
them ; for your friend is so much your second A
will dge too like you.
Women m Iaosn a they do ards; dey *
them awhile, and when they have got all they can ht
throw them away, can for new ones, and them pr*IaP
by the new ones all that they got by the old oMe
A man who admires a fine woman, haes vet ao 5
son to wish himself ar husband, than one wh i
the Hesperin fnit, wold have had to wish b
diom that kept it.
He who marries a wife, became he anot als"
atlaly, is much like a mae, who, finding a few
in his body, resolves to wear a perpetual blister.
Married people, for being so closely united, a" h'
aper to part: as knots, the harder they ar pe" I
the onet.
SA family is but too often a commonwealth of 5o lt
what we call the charities and ties of affiniy, p
many separate and clabin intrust: the tn wrs
dath of the father; die youage brother that O
der, the elder repine at the sisters' portion: who
them marry, there are ew divisions and animn i0tic"
but natural and reasonable to expect an this, 'e 5
fanwv no comfort but in a family.
Men al e grateful in the same degree dtht thry

Full Text


'^' ^'*--, 4 ^ *i 8^|r^'J0ADaiiiA (RIrjifti9ef \ELUOPEAIV ifEWiS. ilW "" — ~ rOLIJ^H ACCOUNT OF THE TAKING OF WARSAW. ^MK.r-l K.,.>ck., cnm,-mW of ihe -r.mHl force, uf rt„d m the cap.ral any oJ .h.r deeded enemies, and co.ieliw iMlHliiMt.., uf (rrow, .Saouiif. nJ KmIIm, after | qucmly ihe op^nmuaily did n*M offer lUdf either for forguchMiiiim|; vnrHMv . •kirmihe witli iianem \Kw\\^^.t^ •* or sevprity cotrect juiJ^iiicfit tA the clemeory of Nh tnla, we tiiiut wait till thn fiitf! o( the Poluh Hrmy •H^H have l>en detidcd it|xiii. to know if the anmevty will ool ioclutk conditions caiculaied to make if Mtinoat null. ^ The men the iuo< (hIi instant, the rouiliined wlilc uriny began to attack War^iw at ei{,'ht o'clock in tlie ni4rRinx% Two imitalion^ of tb<'l*lth, and one iMltMJion if ih' Hth Krt;imrfit, un'ler General Sowinski, afcndHi tlifiiuMdvu* at ihv Wi>ia barriers^ wlirro tk?eicM> • aiuirk wat moai im|>ftuoU'U The first trenchc* had hHTn alrtady lakon, %nii the enmny wasalr.Hdv forcinj,' liij r.hortiry. The 2rtth Regiment of infantry ofl"ered reiitanr.itp.Mi fivrrv p'int. ani — artilh-ry, animunitioQ, and fyery material of defroce-—lMV Injen roHiovedlin. *TIm' enerny, weakened by severe Itwses bfore WarThere is a confirmation of the starenient that General Rotuarino, at the h';td of division of twelve thousand inHi, did not follow j|i I'olish army to Modlm. He marched upon Lubiiii with the intention of reachiM the fC Itie Municipality, and announces the appoiuiment <^ (jeneral ('ount VV'ittto bo<>ovoruor of the city, and Major Geneial Baron KoriT, to bo Commandant iA llie citadel. Tlie second i* a proclamation cnliinir upon all the citi7^ns to deposit in the arsenal ail the arms in their possession which Iwlon? to the Crown. All |KTsons liavinij arms Mon!,nni/|othems<'lves,if allowed to retain them, provided fb. y lorm part of the National (iuards. Tlie third proclamation is from Harou Korlf, annoiincintrihat the otficers kebm<;iiig to the I'olish army may reuiaiii in Waraw, provided tliat within twenlr four hours they prejnt thems.|ve at bis office, and deposit a declaration that flu y will never agiiin bear arms aj?ainsl the Russian troops. All who Deflect to do this will be considered afK treated as prisoner* of war. The fouithis by (;?nenil C^unt Witt, piving notice that all officers and persons attached to the Polish army intendini? to quit tlie capital, must leave it by two o'clock in tlie iifternoon of tintenth, and cross the Vistula; or, in default, they would be tried as prisoners of war. The fifth ana Wit, IS from the Municipalitv, by order of the ComJ"tw, will bo ohHijed, if he attempts to retain poss.>ssion of "J"""". '"Jning all functionaries, and otiier p^-rsons em> ll'ti city, Mearrimm it with half his army. So lon^astbe ** -^T '" "'*" "'^'"'"wtration of the hospitals, all surgeons, apothecaries and othni medical allendants upon tlie hospitals, as wen as all tlo functionaries und other persons emarmy. J*o lonp .'<.v. rnment is not in direct comnmnicatimi with die p;ihti' •!' ..f Kali*, Crarow, and Siindomir, the Presidents of llios. prtlatuMf.'s 'inil such of the nHtioiml represi-nlatives • bapiM-n tolMjat our beail quarters, will be invested with su(n'nM! authority. rn{ami.—MA,:nry jjenrlenMn of ex|>erience in the Penn.sular war with whe Poles against th(! Kussiau. (similar to that of tlie S,aiards ayaiost the t rvn. I, durmj; the Peninsular war)— the en.irmous loss •ustaitwHl by ilie Russian army in ilw asnUinr of Warsaw ployed in the municiplity of Warsaw, to continue to exercise their several hinctions under the penalty of beinir tried by a court martial. * St iyrr,hur^ U is rumourvd that tlic Czar if either Hur-kl or a Be,0U0 men, on tlie remr of tlie Riiaiiair*'^ whom the destruction of tlie bridges of theVitS?^'* (iora and d'0si(|||i. has cut off all coiomuniMSl' "^ Russia,— Plock is free, and General Romarioo ^^ tained a brilliant victory over (general Goiowin nS^ Lublin. In Cracow, the landslrum is umJer armpit''' body is numerous, and is supported by lOOoI) troops. 'w Lwerp^i Sept. 30.— Tlie last accounts from Pan. tliat something-like tranquillity had been again rttulS^ that capital. The debater. The Bedouins had ceased to molest the advanced posts for a month jiast. The Arabs conie great numbers to Algiers with provisions. One of ife letters speaks of an order of the day of General Berthe. aene to return to France in the month of January. It j probable, b>wever, ^bat this only regards a part of tii arrny. The frigate La Victoire, late from Toulon had arrived at Bona with provisions.— The inhabitants andtbs garrison defend this place against tlie Bedouins, who a|. tack it through tlie instigation of the Bey of Constastine ^ome reinforcenidtets have been sent thither, as likewwio Oran, in order to secure these two towns from kiuck riie colonijwtion proceeds slowly. Settlers are not wibi. ing, but a suitable superintendence of them. The CAa/fra.— The Stockholm Gazette of the 9th of September, announces that the cholera is spreading in h inland. From the coast where it was introduced by i Kussian vessel, it has extended into the interior, and now prevails at Wyburg and Abe. The whole coast of Kinland to Bjorneburg has been declared infected by the dif ease. •' n^nml T'^^^l''"' ^^ ycn^oo., that tW Cbouans are nfi munition and preventel ^""'''>n<*f on the pror.olgation of tlie news of tlie surthemf.dUwmu' thePol^ of Warsaw ; but the disorders were promptly Warsaw, with artillery and ammunition, on tlie ^rv strong and nearly imprrRnable fortTasa of M-nllin, which it is natura to sup^Hite had its* If a strong fi,4r\Mn, and well stocked with provision., the existence of another strong •rmy, under (i. ... i,,| Uoioarim) in tl^nviros of Zamosc, also h sirang town in ll posseliM of tlie Poles Anil that ihe BohsI n, afuiy ban >u(Tertjd s^Ht loss fArrrpooi .SV/./. {0.-Y*(i rdav it wiH^Jfeort^.d h,.re that news of a nature favf^irabUt<. the PoUtla.l rcfk.d Hull from Hamburg.— The r.nnour was, tUt tiie P4es m surrenderioihcMr carfal,?,ad been playing a deep ga oh and bad eitlier raHied, or were aU.uiio raHy with a prosJjecl of their late diH;,str,. A ImW, or letters to ihu effect had, it was said, reaefied Liver,)oe (;U,. ..f We,le.dty „emn. t^nkin^ of the prosrr. n( I „U„I. .:,yv-" It is .l,0,r.,lt to .srrrtain the exact v'r^n,tharpbn*o. the res.Min. ruh,h forrrs under the contradictory .tatemmit. of their fnend. ad enemies ; but if it Iw. correct that the capture of Warsaw will not .ece,rilv l^rtin.r fK. -., „ ,^^^ ,„ ,,^ generally admitte,! .hat ito •••rminair thr jM.^e.,ion mav .-rj^.herto iK-ropy and d.v.dr VhaRlMsiw lorcr ,han to ,tr.nj*a nnd concentrate it. P.^kewitsch. well i)ieb,i.h. It ,rrm,. w,l\ jai„ hi. lanrels. .och as they ""; 1' •ri.*'"-'*' '••'"*"•• •'•'• ""- ha, cost onr his hfl and the other ha, been .( I. . „ ,„j,„H. The ,^„t au h.n,Kaccounts w.ll be cry i„rrre„iig/., ,h^, ^j,, ^"l bably decide h..w f.r iha g.M.nt declaration of t.Vn. RoXki will be re.,..n.l. ,1 u. b, |fc, p.,,„h jnipulation ; and coav^quentlv. how lar .ncrw^din^ ho.tiluies will a^mn. that gZ^.1 character wh.rh may pc.v. m R.,i, ,hat her worti but bnlf done. a„d ihat si.ll more bbmd mu,t flow MW tb^^national liberty o, |>„,a„d expires beneath her sangumi;; The P-l-'h=,vj. .Jw. in their possession the strong fortress of < .eM,H.wa (,he place fix H on hy the Ihe, to have ret^d on If W "7 H;|/H-n w -t wa, feared it w„M wi.en Fraga T ""^K >':''••. "'•-'y impr,,enAle from rts .i,uTl Pfin.arh ol wimer. and the inconte„H^„ces which Ih.* Russian, will sotT^r m an enemy's c„on,,T. w„h .„ hostile popu ..ion. between them and the old H,K,.a„ pmrircA!!! fMimelv. Lithuania. Samogitia. V.dhvnia and PfxK.lia where there have iy^yn alre*ly numerous insurrectmns ain^, .h^ Russians, only put down by Kuian troofw. when Iravrrsintf III" Provinres. ,n their way to j,n the grand army ; i, i, „,!; tboinht fhi, Ihe sai.i pwvinces are at |>res<.nt occupi*^ hv bat lew Ru,*Mn tnwps, artd that the Polish amn. fn-ed fror^ the df feace ol W.r^aw. will now be ahle i.. roxisv these oroytne again to arms. — Cowitr of Srytrmher iPth. Fnim Iht VlrjUfiiTtr wc *t hrst feared wouM be the ca.c. But in order to form a Uf>pre8ted, and did not produce anv serious conse'(juences. One of our Paris correspondents informs us that a letter fn>m Bn-it mentions the arrival in that harbour of iliesiiip L'rania, wliicli having hoisted the Portugm-se cooMitational robMtrs, hafween the Duke de Nemours and tlie young Queen Donna Mana. It u added tlwit Louis IM.ilip, in a letter replete with Internal a Heel ion and tb.. kindest stmtimenu towards tlie ex-Fmperor and bis daughter, declined Uie proposition made tobim. '^ Tranquillity has not yet been restoffK? in Swiir.eHand I K^ last accounts from Neufchatel are of the 17ih Negotiations had been openoil, and a commission apiminted by tlKcouncil ot State had a conference with the chiefs of the uisurrenion. The bases already agreed upon are, a ^mr^\ amnesty, tlie disbanding of the two opposite coria a^tlie convocation of the primary assemblies tTdeliliernTe o^Hieem incipation of tiie canton. TIknegotiation* are delayed by ona clause demanded by the country partythat IS, the occu})ation of the fort of Neufchatel by 400 men. till tlH. primary assemblies shall have deliberated. I he standard of the country party is red, with a federal cross, and the arrow of William Tell. -J;^Ti'"''u^jr'*?'*^'^^" ^^'k'nitn and Holland, as arranged by the ( onference, it is exi>ected, will be signtnl by tlie 10th October. Luxembourg is m belong toMie ornn-r, and i^e com,en*ation for the claim of Holland thereto IS to be sintled by Austria and Pnissia. The (m rmwi DHt. of coune, in this adjustment. The remaining French innips have commenced their departuro from Belcmm, which tlie wb,>le wdl liave quilted by Ibe dOtb instant,— LiwTyoW;>apcr 30rA. ^ Some of the (;pnT,an^>apcrs still flatter themselves that rtL rj*^ t'**'"'^ i'*ntlost. Acconling to one of hese^" the taking of War^iw by tl Russians was on^y the result of apian conceived bv the Pol, wIk, wi.Ik^ b> t!m r.K-ns lo weaken the Ri^^ian army by at least 2^>,000 men. tln^ number necessary to occupvVirsaw ar^ ^ve to It alM. tlie care of keeping down the rising p^ HiK>n of tluit city. The defence of the Poles had Zr .ti object only to involve tlnj destruction of as manv RusI sian* as po.ble. -There are now only about '10,000 I troops and National Guard which took part m ti T >s .General biembcck u stationed at Sandoinir) ed permission to march against them, but this the Govnarnent very properly refused, for they knew that the Nstional (;uard would not spare a man, and riiev wert; anxioui to prevent the effect of such an J'xcitement'. Tlie refusii made them of course unpopular, but they have been itetdily endeavouring to put down the Carlists by lepal mesni; and although many of the leaders have shamefully abused the Mufuonduits g^ich were given them, tlie system has on the whole been^neficial. Wj Xr. and the Vir^n Afory.-S fool of Loub XI. It whom he did not attend, as not thinking him capable of makiH observations, overheard him making lhipUa,ant proposal i our lady of Cleri, at the great altar, when noborly else wm is thechnrch. •• Ah my dear lady, my little mistress, rar M rriend, my only comforter. I l>eg von to be mv advocate, ind ft imjmrtune (iod to pardon mt^be death of mv brother. •ho I poisoned by the hands of that rascal, the Abbot of t. Jsb. I conless this to you as to my go.d patroness and misfre. I know It is hard, but it will Inthe moie glorious lor vou if JW obtain It. and I know what pwsent I will make you besid*." (Srf Bmntome'M Lift of CharUs VI It.) The fool repeated all, word for word, when the kiag wasH dinner, before tl^e whole court. Office of American and Foreign Agekct,) PNew-Yoik, January, 1831. \ 1;BLTC NOTICE is hereby given to all peooni whom it may concern, having claims, debts, inbsrtlances, public securities, dtc. j>avable or recoverable • any pariqf llie United States, or British America, reqi^ •ng tlie tervention of legal proceedings, or otherwise tliat this ElUbllshment has efficient and responsible SabAgents in the principal cities and towns tliereof respectively, through the medium whereof siirh valid claim • may be confided thereto, will lie promptly and effectivelr recovered, when furnished by the clain'iants with Mwrh suitable legul proofs and vouchers as may be required by the nature of each particular case, accompanied with tbs requisite Power of AtM|Bey; the whole to Ixduly ef — -• '-'' pSLic i ': cuted More a Notary Pijlic, or other coni|>etent civil * thority of the place in which th<' same may b? perfect^and certified by an American Consul. Orders transmitted to this Establishment for the intestroent of funds in the public securities of the I'nHed StalfS or of any of tlie Stales of the Cnion, or on mortpir* fivehold property ; and also for the transaction of idv H*siness within the purview of a Cienerai Agency, triH b IMinclunlly ami faithfully executed. An applications to this Establishment in ras ref]"'""* the invesifratiflBof claims, search of records, or the intervention of legl priKcedings, should l>e accompanied with •n adequate ^^mittance to defray tlie pieliminary cbrp and disbursements attending tlie same ; and airronmttncationn must be addrejied (post paid) to the undersigned. (Counsellor of tlie Supreme Court of the I'nited Sia^ and of the Superior Courts of the State of New-York,} in the Offire of A merit an and Foreign hfS^fy^ ^ Wall-street, New-York. AARON H. PALMER, Achary^ ^m Bm •• r^tiigi '4 *^§:OUU. niUUH, CdUor. !§ATI UDAV, UUCEnntR 17, |k3|. THE BAI1\MA AKGLS. VOL. I— I\at XLIV rUBMSIIKU JHKMI-WKKKLV IN NASSAIT, W. P. aifht Dollars per annam — Zn advance. P0ETE.7. 4 — 1 KNOW THOU HAST iJONE. I know thou hast jjone lo the home of thy rest Then why should my soul he so sad 1 I know thou hast gone where the weary are bleat? Ami the mourner looks up and is glad Where lore has put otf. in the land of its birth. The stains it had ather'd in this. And hope, the sweet singer thai gladden'd the earth, Lies asleep uu the bosom of bliss. I know thou hast jjone where thy forehead is starr'd With the beauty that dwelt in thy soul. Where the lisht of thy lovehness cannot be marr'd. Nor thy heart be flung back from ils goal ; I know thou hasulrunk of the l^the. that tlowa Throuuha land where they do not forget, That sheiN orer memory only repose. And take:* from it only regret I In thy far away dwelling, whererer it be, I believe thou bast visions of mine. And the love thai made all things a music tome. I yet have not learnt to resign ; lu the hush of the night, in thr waste of the sea. Or alone with the breeze oil the hill, I have ever a presence that whispers of thee, Atul my spirit lies down and is still .' Mine eye must be dark that so lon'"'rat.on, with respect to ciplesof justice and to the claii.s of a peopks who ca*!.,^ destroy this iWyu/ a/*./ ii/>oi,W./, /rc/y ,„Und uUo trith hnala,ui: this liuiuiliatiny nnd indecorons monument, which, at the siiiiie time tliat it lias reduced to cipher the public pros|H.nty, has made this (\,untry a British Colony, even alter we have fn^ed oursrlv^ from Spanish thraldoin. Tho previous blmnl of la r Imtoic sons, slw-d • itl. pnde on the scallolds, and in the Hold of battle, in delence of hr, liberties and lier righto, calls loudly for the vimlicaikm of justice, and for the utter obnteration .if tlio stain with which the English pretend to sully the udories that have pasMMl to fiosterity, in indelible 'characters.-. Consider attentively what Colombia was before, and what It IS now, in coiiseipience of this treaty, leAiVA many consuirr as sarrrd, nthr an account of their xli-faundrd fears, or because llntish Uitn^vc, frhich ,^,^s enru where, pretends that no allemtions .sIkhiW Im' i,i.<|V in this particular point, on which is founded the continuation ol Its monopoly, and the ruin of Cok>mbia. Our deserted helds, famished population, and the shocking and melanchoy view of public misery, which (Wrrouuds us, prove too evidently, that a devouring vermin is corroding the vitals of our prosperity, and threateoi tlio total destruction of inen, who were powerful enough to rejHjl the tyranny of the mother country, but whose U-gislators were not' sufhcieiitly wary to rescue them from the snare whuh was laid for their good faith, when Uiey consc^nted to a treaty which ought not to subsist a .ln,?le momcui, unless we wish Colombia to be struck olf with ignominy and .bame. Irom the catalogue of nations. *It is so notorious, that not even a shadow of doubt can be entertained on this head, tliat, together with tlie late pohtical events, this treaty wiOi England, is tlie cancer which IS consuming tlie social body, and that wc can no longer remain indifferent to an evil, wliich, when known a speedy and effective remedy can lie applied. Wlien this' unlorlunaie treaty was concluded, Colombia existed under a very different form of government— under a systeai which has been dissolved by the unanimous consent and acclaniauon of Uie people. Tbe central system has bw-n .ibaiuloned, and, conseijuently, the Governiiienl itself wkb which this treaty was framed. Now that the convention of die States has l>een named for th.' arraniz.'iauiii of puUic concern.--now thut a fatal ex|ierience requires that we sliauld look to iImgood oftla. nioii this, then, is the time of taking Uiis subject into C •iisideratiuii. •' Wm do uot wJ.1. to d.u*y Oi^n4n of mutual friend. Mbip which unite IIS with England, and other nations. We have no objection to tlieir continuing ; but we oppose tlic coiui.iission of privileges, which ruin the natives, who are tiie sup(>ort of the (io^ernnicnt in moments of distress and wliose welfare they n:iist promote, teithnut suffering that strangers ami foreigntrs should usurp that which TTcUtttrrltf belongs to them. This a a caution of vital importance, and if our R^ |resentatives, to whom wo k)ok for redress, neglect it,llere IS no doubt that they will cause a great injury to the country, whicli,soon.ror later, wilNiake off the yoke of stranger*--perhaps by violent meanitrhich we do not wish to see drsperatrly mndr use of; tut rather that with the calm ot prudence, measures of coscilialion, may be adopted J-'ruir the Arir } ork Datlff Advertiser, Aat. 21. THIKTEEN DAYS LATER FROM FRANCE. AWD ElfJIIT DAYS LATER FRuM ENGLAND. F..-J J I .; "'•••"-iisiiniioii, wiin resp Upland, and the English residing still in Colombia Be^we read this communication, our readers should call Irj "". ''•' "T' ""^ '*'*^"* *"'^ "•"*^>' ^hich we have tu^l7' /^•^"*"<^y '^i'^' "^hichour Government 'WMl.K.exa.nple of their recognition a.y (^'••en these very Z^n 7' ^^'-"'^"'^"'•edo, Ximenes, the Bishop of B^ Seir r '"r*' '*"'" *'''"^ '^'^'' *' 'Spaniards, against ^ Country) and the annullalion of liw Commercial 'Jt>. entered into with Great Britain. m-2 ^'"'? '^V '"^^ ^^'^^oj^ni/^d Colombia when it was a sunder the paternal government of a ttuly great try in'ihr "'"" '^^' ''"'> ^""'^ ^^^^i'**-'* ^^eir deserted CounZ 01 .r •"" •"'/"; ''''^'•'>n~now that their rulers are a ie bon?,?""' ; T"'^"^' ^'"^•"^' *^ *^^'"* ^^y 'nanity aTi "' -^ *;' '^^""^^ violations of j.utice, bi^ ^nu ;,1""^ '-l.n, dear ,0 the heart of man-mispusbo^ 'he .lay is assassination— who have fcdor ofT .'"f,"''"*'' 'he pitch of murdering the •ri,..„ / Itbcrtie.-fhe men who, by tlnur talents, to notiA. T.""^"'" *"^ •^crifices, brou-ht their Country •"'lire. tii. n^i.^t n i:. i i •• •' *' be nip'r. 7 fi I ""''var, and the gallant Sucre. Now •o desire '7 i ^* '^''"^''' '^'"^ ^^*'''^ loaders,* we can have *^ outd^J' r"J '""'"''^'^' hy comim: into contact with i H^. (Jov^ degenerated Sjmjn. It Ixdioves the Bri•"''terest.r"!Jtcountryr"'^ .neasurcf lor protecting ** It Nl' K .'^'''"'''''''^ ^'"" fff Spanish. '' cursed vi'""'/'"' ^'"'''"hiH to shake off this ominous Jtrv a. I *• '^'"'^''^ ^' heavily up,n mir national y a'^J agriculiurc-i„ ollK:r words, that slie should ee their ap(roaching rum wiih indifference, and will not suffer any longer the continoation of the public calamities of which this treaty is the sAe cauM I" After this lecture, what mtn with an English heart whose feelings are not roused t| tlie utmost pitch of indig-' nation Tiie above literal tnnslation will yiye our readers gome idea of the high lilerwy talents of these degraded Iberian srrfs--of their personal feelings, and of lli^ir poIiiical principk*s. *^ All this scurrilois invective against the treaty, entered into in lS2o, by tlie loader of tlie party now in power (Gen. Santander), with tlic British (iovernment, coniw now with a ba hands of assassins and public plunderers, we deem it (lur duly seriously to recommend to the (iovernmert of (ireat'-Britain, tlie exjM-diency of protectinc our ifitere^ts, by an armed force, as another revolution may ht fatal to us', cancelling all our debts with otir blood, and conpb'te tlie niin and destruction of our countrymen, who arc now raiding m Colombia, under tlie faith of a treaty wlich they wish to disannul.— It is an old and a true saykir, that Republics are always ungrateful, and it is now fairly exemplified in th*,' conduct which tlie Republic of Colorrbia wishes to adopt towards the country which brst called t into exiaiMKa. By the packet ship Sully, Captain Fell, wc have rIT.i loT". ^r =*•• 'th of Onober, and Havn* to the 1 Jth, both inclusive— she saibd the 13th. Tlirouirh these pajHrs we have London dates to the evening of tlio th of OcioU^r from which we learn the result of tlie •, Lords present 12, proxies :U>~I58 -.-against tha hill. Lords piescnt VA\ proxies 49; 199. Majoritrw against 41. *-"^ An interesting debate occurred at tlie sitting on w'.ifii the question was taken, in which jl was op|w>.s4>d by Lol^ Hyrijord Lord Eldon, Lord Lvndhurst, Lord Ten'terden and the Archbishop of Canterbury, and supiwted by Urn Lord Cbaniellor, iIm, Duke of sW-x, and Lord Gr v. Lord Brougham made one of his g^aiest efforts. He concluled in tlie follow emphatic manner : ^*\ ^^^^* as sure as man is man, and human error leads to human disappointment, justice dalayetl, wiseace. (Lou4 Cheers), My Lords thre is yet an awful conskleration connected with this subject. You are Juilges in the hiKhet Court in llie Ust resort ; and h is iImfirst ,.ffu r of a lud-o never to decide even the most trifling cas. wiihout Im a'*ring every thing; but in this case, you are jjoins to d.v ide without a liearing; without a trial. My Lords, beware 01 standing out on this sacred subject. You may ahstruct ; you may put off the day ; you may give a tem[>orary hletoihe borough jobber, and postpone tlie electing franchise to the greatest towns of tlie realm ; but my Lords, that delay will have no effect in raising the rasped o this House, and in conciliating the affctions . 1 iM' Noble and Learned • Aner of peeri are wanted to carry tlie measure thtoiich iImHouse of Lords • but wealiould think the Kinp at least wouM hMutat at a^ doptwig such a meamire on sudi an occasion, even if tU maaistry were firm enough to rUk it. It woubl l>e a boU. and we cannot but believe it would be a dangeroiw perirnent. If tk-re is any value in the l|ous4 of P,, r a branch of the Government, if th. aristocratic prmcii pte u of any importance in ttie British svsum, we can Hcarcely a.nceive of a more effectual OMMJe ol desiroving Its lotluenceand weight of cliaraci.r. TIh. mere ixe^ciw, of power in forming a numerical majoritv, has no tendency to increasetbe dignity of tliat body, or to addto ihe ^niblic rtss^tect for tbwr opinions and sentiments. It is nothing more than turning the scale by throwing in a dead weiglii, b^ the cxrcic of a power whidi, in iIk: jwriicular cae, liappens to be irresistible. Dfisides, wIm-o a change of circumstanres and influence shall occur, and In the cinirv,' of human events this may shortly happen, which sliall prol(ice a similar emergency, the same nu .,, h, may lie reaorte*! to, and another batch of nobleiiK II jo.iy t).' (nale up, al*o lor the occation ; and inlhiswa\, the I.u-km as of wcuring majorities, not by reason, and conviction, and |iriuciplc, but by power, may t '1 1 1 1 I f II iM! bf ^*


m'^.-.i H i t <;puliet have taken a de f ii .m-...L_ Fw KowrfAeaia dlbl^ alind with uoo ex cepiioif, ha vin^' nu tak|Jn the Culuii^/. We warn jtieru agniiirai;*. The xpriinont, if carricrd into elfect, will lt4voa tenihfiicy to test the. Rtren^h of t^H-ir (H-est^nt sjr|tei. It has fici'n tbtught by many statesman, that Fraifcc ha now a great a de^rve of repuShcaiiitin, and of the eh^ctive principle, at tlw habits, feeliiitiM, and propensities of the nation can tM'Hr ; and tltat a tront; aristocratic intloence is nece.Nary to k*ep in check tin; democrniic spirit, which has obtained •o strong; a fihold, and gained Mich a d(*i^ree of influence, in the nation m lar^e. It may be seen in tlK> course of fvents, uodur thii t^rt^at fundamental cIijuil'*^ in their system, Ik w ttiM e!i lreel'in tiki (N'ople can btiar, without producing C •nvultions, and poniibly anarchy. M* TSE 2.It3-TTS. 'imes MtTI RUiV, DECCTIR K IT, Iwai. I ^ Tlie sdimmfr Favourite, Capfsiin Clarke, arrived liere 3r#lerrs to have b'en in the private letter from Havre, iIm* i3ih f Octofxr, which we insertod in our last numfwr. The majwiiy 4in Lird Fbringlon's motion in the House of C'fmmons, (HI Monday evening, the 10th, was 14J instead of 140. ^*j (: :M His F%..llency the (rovernor directed extracts from certain despatclies, received from the Colonial office, by llto middle S, ,tenibr packet, to be publishe.tin{/ pa|'r, were devoted to se jer*>ns ; No. S— a copy of the IwtitiontX the fiee persons of colour, residing in the IsUnd of New Proviiience, with a letter from the public Secretary, similar to that accompanying No. 2. Tin. extract from tlie des(ialch of the Secretary for tlie Colonies, approves of His Excellency's conduct, in dis•olvinu the Hous5 of Assembly. wlHtn they refuM^ to do any business with him ; and confirms the right of the Executive, to revise tin? prooM^lings of the Slave Court, •nd tointerpos.. tl^. Royal prerogative of paidoni£, when S4icJi M tep may be necessarv. This I. certainly no 'more tlwin we ntici,tel from Mis Majesty's Colonial S^H-retary ; but we still assert, •nd wHl maintain our point, tit,m, „one but' im*r oflbno^ are cognizable in this Court, His Majesty's prwofative does not extend to it. We are sup,K>rted by tlie fsct, that since the pow.-r of trying slavi^ for capital ortincei was taken from this Court, neitlu^r Governor Grant nor Mr. Pri,lent Munnings. ever attempted to in•erfere with one of hs sentwces. as the clause of the lu giving such power to the Commander-in-Chief was obliu-ralml with tiK. one renting to cKpiul otfences • .„d we are also supjmrted by the re,H>rt of tinCommissiorer. of legal enquiry, who were gentlemen quite competent to jmlgeol the extent of the King's prerogative.-wbich. tale., Ihi there is no apjHal Jrum this Court-neither are the sentences •ubj.H^t to revision by the Executive ; and wc, recommends that a chiie should be insert.HJ in the art. ci^M., that jH>wer to tin, Governor or Commander-in( hH L Crrnin it ia, tin. re,>ort complains of this deficiency. and rec.>mnends ttiat it should be amended. However welHVMinded any complaints ma v b,-, which' •re Wir*M against a repnts^ntative of His Mau-mv it is the Invariable practice of Governm^-nt outwanlly t'o'support Uk. person entrmtetJ with the ccmduct of tlM^ir m..; sur.>s; but he m^ver fails to receive, at tinsame time privately, • n^bukeor punishnHM.i for his indiscretion • and we have not xUslightest doubt, tUt Sir James Smyth ha. received a rap over the knuckles, and will be rem'v,Nl if he cannot |)rove, or his ^mny for him, that the majority of the people are in his favour. ^ We, tlH-refore, recommend in the strongest manner to the Bahamians, to be true to tl>emvlves ; to persist in tiK'ir opposition to oppn^ssion and tyranny, till tky convince His Majesty's (ioverruiient, that that opjmsition proceHls from tlie bulk of the 1^ opie, and that His Fxcelhncv's tion, which has oft^n iMH^nshewn on such occasions ; but to come forward mar; fully, and elect none to repre'KfUt tiiein in tlo House ef Ai^scniblv, wlio refuse the te^i of opfmsition to Sir James Carmichael Smyth. Let tlMtm but do this, aiiM their complaints must meet with attention; and the objert so eagurly sought for, and ardently wished by all, nHiiioly — tlic removal o( the pie!>ciit Governor — must take place. We shall not encroach ufwn the part of our sheet devoteil to ourselves, nor exhaust the )>atience of our readers, by exposing tlie f^lschootJs and misrepresentations with which tlie iminoriul of th? twenty seven, tj'ems ; but sliall leave the autliors of them to the sting of their own guilty consciences, and to view with what feelings they may, the lasting monument to llieir dishonour and shanH>, which tliey have raised. The following is, as far as our knowledge gomeiit of the nunil>er ol* office bidders, pensioners, government contractors, slaveholders, and oliiers who signed this infamous document. Office holders, pensionrs, Sec. Ac. &c. : — Lewis Kerr, William Hield, J. J. Forbes, B. J. Lightlwurn, Janws Ariiibrisier, Thimias R. Righy, James Malcolm, John Malcolm, John McDonald, Samuel Nesbitt, John Hepfcurn, C. R. Nesbitt, John Finder, John Irving, James Walker, Winer Bethel, Walter Lightboiirn, J. A. Bode, (18), — none of whom {>osseM many slaves and 7 do not own one. Slave bidders, without office :— Joseph lliinler, B. S. Lighiboiirn, sen. Robert Butler,* Fdward Butler, Norman Butler, George Caniplejohn.f— (6),— but fwjisesaing no inffiM'nce in the colony. Persons witliout any property in the Colony :— Thomas Pinder, James Black,|and St. (;eorge Deane— (3.) These, thci^ are the men pretending to express the wishes of tlie whole of the inliabitunls of these Islands, rendered as cont emptible by tlieir fj^aehoods, as by |lieir numbers. • Bo.ichf by a Colonrlcy in the Militia, and boosted of bv Itis hxcelleiicy. as having been raised by bin to the rank of a gfntieman. f Young men under the confroul of Robert Bathr. t Since left iheColuny. rep.iru of midnight tipions^ who will haunt ihe^^^ the lower classc^/n the first instance, until iaipunit ^ eudiolden theui to take a higher aim. ^ It iiijjy, ptjrhaos, not l)e irrelevant to add, thnt Mr\i^^^ ton wa one of the coloured men who 'refused ^^^ that able docuiimnt — the coloured petition ; aiyned ''^ must have been, by every ^ •' Mongrel, cur. brach, or hound. And wltelp of low degree,'' giving, as a reason, and a just one, we think, that his tion in life was of so humble a nature, as to make an ference in any thing of a political nature, perlectlv character, and inconsistent with his iruitsi interests. AN HONEST MAN'S THE NOBLEST WORK 0 GOD." A respect^ible colour^ man of the mime of McNaughton, liaving detected an apprentice of his in the act of robbing him, and having had cause to clwck him freqia-ntly, u(>on previous occasions, for similar delinquencies, resdved to punish him sevtrely for a propensity, which, il allowed to attain maturity feriih his increasing vears, woidd certainly lead him to kighfrnlicial cUration.' During tiK' operation of castigation, the apprentice made, in his own defence, a very loud use cf his lung-so much so, as to draw Mr. John Walker, Ordnance StorekeejK-r, to the pot, who immeliately directed a constable in attendance lo take both McNaughton and apprentice to gaol ; and it' IS much to I* regretted that he (McN.) refused to go, a. he would lve bcM^'n affordcxl an op,H,rtunity of punishing legally, a ,taut advocate of Sir J. C. Smyth, and hvi>o. critical pn..aclH)r of phihinthropic doctrines, tU most remote frop, his own practice. Mr. Walker', naturally kxnd behaviour towarch his domestics and nea.t^t connexion. in life, b ^ extremely notorioin., as to make comment on our part superfluous ; eicept in so far as our wonder and astonishment tiay go, that l>e does not pluck the HK.4,. out of his own eye. the better to see Hit mote in hu brot Iter's. Upon the morning suUecoent to ll occurrence already noticed, McNauphton was summoned before x\yc Police Magistnite, John Irving, and J. J. Forbes, Esquires. Ahhough neither the numbsr of our Island physicians is at •II deficent, nor the military st.fl^ completelv vacant a .ery fitting tool was found a surgeon of the 'navy, who decla.^ *. t'was a punishment so severe, as to exce^ -ny thing iramra. or ^titm**td by him in the service •no a promising son of iypocrlw wko fau. ^Ju chmh, hut tkat kr frar. tof.U^ cinci.led tliat it was 'Serv ^^re. 1 be defendant soit for the ^r,t colomat prac tUunur ,n the colony, one aho has long l>oen employed about th^ various public dep.rtments, and had full I'^ortunity of acquiring a knowlalge of tin, quantity of pnVishnient receiv.l from the rsarks of violence remaining, who declare.!, that „ was amiM flogging,,,,^ ,, ^^{^ master would most readily gir. a stubborn school-boy "and oneof tlK^md.tarystaff .urg,nssupportedhisa^sertKln dechiring tli the military pun.h.mnts of ,Ih> „H>st tr^iin. kiml, wer^ srr^rc, beyond cmpar.son, if compar^nl with that witness.! ,o. by the nurks uj.o. the apprentice in qiM-^stiun. Let us compare the mivil. with the military MttMn* op.nK>n--k.t us compare tindomiciliary visit of .MrWalk" •ilministration i^ only sup,Hrted by a pKr. miserable IT'.l'" **** V^^t^ *>> lie Ci<,vermu\ hireling,, prior birtdm^ iartv.~......w.,,.l m „ .r -„ :...\ *'''^' I '" '^ ^••pre'^'..tatKm, of tlie House of \s., ; Vnd^ bmdiiig ,>arty.-refon>, determined to try iIh* sirens^ih f da? civil, against llie militarv law ; ami. accordimjh.a ImiLUwrit was tMiwtl against hhn, at the suit of one of tfciwe creditors, and on the Monday morning, whrUon his w; to embark, be was arrr^ted. A rei>ort liaving bitv amk to i1m> (ioveinoi, by the Major, of his situation and coassquent inability to obey tlie order for embiukation, ik Sapient Chitff U-came furious ; and it was s#.aie tm doubtful, whether tlie Major woiihl not be rescmd by a* tary force. This, however, being a danijerous eprment, even for ilie mitrhty James, the ih puiy Pro^** Marshal (tlie princii>al beinu confine*! lo his be.1 l.y illn) was at last comnwirided to atteml at tlie (iovernmrat lloase, where, U'ing usitered into llie august presnce of •ar rubr, he was interrogated by him, as lo iIhfacts of i^ rrest, amount of tlie debt,and as to w ImiIht there wenssy other wriisaifainsi th' Major, except the one in .]mslN. : to th? latter query, tlie oflirrr cmibl, of ronrse, n%%rr or.iy ,0 far as his knowh-d-e went, as th' Prt.vost Mnrsl-^il lias several bailiffs to whoai writs are onen deliviml, iikout reference to any other officer. To make lb#mal'r' ure, the Prothonotarr was tlHm sent for. and His K\ffllency havinp, after simudelay, sarisfu-d hirT>H< If thai •h'rt* as only the one writ against the Major, underl privily or consent of Major Nicolls, an.l w.< nw rfly done by tlie (Governor for tlic purp.>se of forcing him •< of the colony ,' in furtlMrance of which obiect, frrsl. orders were issued for hi*i imimMliale embarkaiion, <•'>"• |ani<,| with directions to tl,.. comn^nder of llie vessel o( ar, (on board of which lie was ordered to embark,) ibt. alter lie was oocc on board, should ny lioat atleiH> •• ^^t Ma^jtimu ^vmtfi. I turce was 10 tnf maile mie of to keep her olf. Bcbnwc'Vef, ihe order for his eiubarkittion ctmld be car{gto effect, :veral oilier wriis were launcliod forth, J ilir M*)*'' *^^'' ^^'"'" ^'(^ure in the hands of tlK; niyr,|,.,odhe law. Till* fr*h aliack was too much for His Exctdlency. I liiiryers were evidently determined lo give him a .ciuiM f iIm' power ol the civil law — the sirong arm |(itli iht^y extended between him and the object of his ,1, ; iiud, 'here was no telliiu.' Imw many writs were in tTM', lieconNented to allow the Miijor two days more to irr.iii;"' '''"'''*''"'*' ^' '*"' •'*|'i''ation of which pt^riod, how(er,ht'(llie M ijor) was still in custody, and so remained pfint' days lonL'*r, when he was released on bail, !)ut „a„ili.Uely afterwards bound over to app'ar as a prose,,gfSL'a''>'** Sany the Deputy Marshal on the faiih of his ExceliK-v ihc (tovernor's verbal undertaking to pay the amount tlie debt, &r., hut that thai undertaking had not yet been ftrnied. The Attorney then informed the Marshal, that Iis the money was forthUcw! in the r H^iinst lla; honour of a geulloman, would be but as isl i fbf balance. MM.>r Nicolls wa< in the Island — his Imdy mighl, taken. His (the (iovernor's) promise had been rr.'!y a conditional out — he wouM take legal advice upon iiifif.jeri, dt--. Auc. Ace. Such were the pitiful excuses mig by tlie (jovernor, to avoid the peformance of his fwiM,but fv9r of exposure conijielled him, at length, to ifkal, in honour, he was bound to do. Theidaintiff in iIh; original action, was determined to prwad against the M.irshal,and his Attorney had, in fact, atl proceedinL's. .M ijor Nicolls, on the other .'I expressed his deteriiiinalion not lo |ay one sliil.J llie d-naiid— sialintj tliat it was tlie only mode left ^iAttl ibewiu,' his indij/naiion at what he cmsideree our observation, bui know•^ character of His Exadlency as well as we do, ^"^••l motives itinuenceil us in wailing till tlie ex(ira*•( the time allowed by tin.plainlirs Anorney,for the |r^t of tlio money, that no comment of our's uf>on '' Eicelle ^*^^l Nlency's conduct mitjht Ir. tlie means of prcvenl'"'•nnance of his promise, and tlHreby entailing a f-bl,. |„vs ufH.n the Deputy Provost MaishaL NAaa4ii, l.Sth IVcemlier, 1831. Altoriie\ (liinerHl; and, though by tlie dic|ii of tlie pronioler and framer of |be laiuous counlef |MMition. proiioiinced a* havinir never met tlie royal ey : yet by tirni and stealy }K'rseverance, redress was at last aitaiiMxl. | will Hfiply lo otir case, a part of a sjieech lately made in llie Jamaica House of Assenildy, by an abk* menilter uf that Hou^e, Mr. Lyiuh, — ** Our watch-word at present ought not to Im.' cuHcUiatiA/n^ but resistance ; and if our meiiiorials, — our petitions, are of no avail, tJioii we must make choice of men, who have both ability Mud firmness to carry our resolutions to the foot of the Throne and demand redress, — demand our rights.'* The counter |R-tition, as it is called, which appeared in the Royal Gazette of yi'st?rday, is stated to be an ext:aci only. I liavo been informed, that a geatlenien, whose signature is to it, was asked what was ttie purport of liie iffiuaining part of this lying pt^ition] His answer promptly was" I do not know, for 1 never read it." 1 firmly believe, that if the majitriiy of the persons who signed it, were also asked the same questiun, and would as honestly answer as the gentleman above uienu()ned tliat the same reply would be given. It will l>e su()erHuous in me, Mr. Editor, to make any elaborate remarks on this counter petition : a discerning and intelligent community will properly appreciate it?i merits, and will determine most justly, si to the opinions that ought to be entertained of the twenty seven individuals who figure away at the bottom. I wdl, nevertheless, take the litierty of introducing to the world (wo require no furtlier knowh>dge of tliem) these conspicuous characters. The number who have signed, is twenty seven. — Fourteen are persons either holding appointments, pensions, or in the employment of (•overnment. Another is an old, infirm, blind man, and in his dotage ; tlie piety and filial duty oi whose son (holding not only an sppoiiitnient unler the Crown, but tlie Colonial appointUMnt also of clerk lo the Commissioners of Correspondef^iro,) signed, as 1 have heard, eitlier his name for him, or guided his hand. Another has Iwjen lo.king out for the loaves and fishes; and, at lent'ih, has secured the former, as contracter 10 furnish His Maj'sly's Troops with bread. Another has Iwen lately appointed preacher and teacher lo the chosen favourites of our Commander-in-Chief and the saints tll sable inhabitants of the dek^clable village of Carmlchatd. I now sincerely regret to Lriti;: into obs<'rvalion, an old and a respectable inhabitant of these islands — a gentleman fr wluun I entertain a sincere regard — and into whose hands, from some new contemplated arranL'emenis, tlie reins of this (toverniHent may one day lall — I should rejoice if it wero lo-moirow. 1 have ''carcely 4 doubt, that when this petition shall present itself b'fore him, in his present domestic retirement, that he will | sincerely regret he over saw it ; and I cannot but believe, frtmi the opinions he has frequently a u! publicly expresiud, respecting thr? measures of ow /vry erir^Uent iiovemw^ that some favoOrable up{ioi tunity b^au aougbt ^, to take an advantage of him. — Here twiare ninetCMn out of the twenty seven, absolutely koldinf situations^ or m tkg paif of the (worernment. Tw or three of iheremaimler, whom it will be unnecessary for me to particnlari-Ae, are re5|M'ctable, and I regard lliem. Tlic residue 1 shall neither waste paper nor ink, by noticing. Sclt-interi'st is, in my opinion, too predominant a passion in the human breast. It has doubtless operated upon th> conduct of p<>rha|>s, several whose names are to tlie petition, /r /c/ U Htrer htforf^atten, tliat Im; he high, or 1h he lo\r," lie must and shall support Ilu Majesty's Ouvernmenl here; so has said our very excellent (Governor, in one of hi^. [>roclaiuuiion making humours. — I conceive it ti) be unnecessary to make any comments upon th' petition of iImj friM' |H'ople of colour, — the object they have in view is natural ; it procofxls, from a desire, that is equally nMUel in the heart of the white, as well as in tliat of llie civilized black : but let me, • a friend, tell tliein. that that object will be more readily aad svcurely attained, by humility, and a proper consi4i!*nitised of tlie sava^ African— for savage he is still. lhrrect account might, perhaps, be obtained ; lie. it had l>een reported, had saved Quamina, Quashy, and Cudjoe, the trouble of signini; iheir names, ibemstdves. This man has lately acquired eih Squauce. At (irecn Turtle Key. Abaco, on Thursday. Novembrr lh 4lih, bv James Saunders, Esquire, J. P. Mr. John Cuny, to MiKS Mary Kemp. At (ireen Turtle Key. Abaco, on Thursdav. December the Isl.^y James Saunders, Esquire, J. V. Mr'. Timolhy Ke>, to M|s Fraucis Kusseil. PASSKN(;EH ARRIVED. In the schot>ner Favouiite, Clarke, from Mobile:— Robert Wier, Esquire. BY HENRV OREENSLADE Ai CO. On Monday neit, ike 19/A instasU. AT THB VRNIll K liorHR, At X.0 O*01o6k, A. M. Will bi> S4dd Superfine Flour, in wliole and half barrels. Rice, Guinea Corn, Butter, Lard, Potatoes, i Candles, Pork, Pease, White Flannel, Negro BlankeU, Irish Bed-sheeting, Fancy Handkerchiefs, Holland (lin, in lots, Crarkei^, Air. dtc. TO CLOSE SALES-^ 20 Boxes Cuba Segars, A LS(>— Wine in casks. Pitch in barrtds, Anrlwr, old Cop^ |)er. Iron, Ringing, and a LAUNCH. Terms— CASH. # Decemb'r 17ih. { BY JOHNSON 6l SAUNDERS. On Monday next, tke VMk instant, AT TIIK VK.MM'B HoiJ*K, At 10 OXlock. A. IS. Will be Sold. Fresh Superfine Flour, Sugar, Tobacco, Butter, Lard, Soap, Rice, Corn, Oats, Dry Goods, dtc. ALSO^ 10 kegs Ctunpowder. Decemb'r 17th. f BY HENRY GREENSLADE ic CO. On Tuesday, next, tke 20/A instant. At llie Store of F. Turner, Esr 17lh. CHKIMT CHtHCIl PARIHHU HAVING fixed the assiy>' of mhkao ;it t|>r late of $9 per barrel of supttrfine Flour, Orlered, lliai tlie shillint' Loaf do weigh 21 bs. 6ox., and tbe sixpenny Loaf lib. 3oi. By order of lle Vestry. DAVID SPENCfc, Vettry Clerk. Vkbtry Room f>th, December, 1831. TO BE MOr.D. A handsome Saddle Horn", Bridte and Saddle. Th.' Horse giM-s well in harness and is perfectly ge;itle. Price $130. FV partiI uiars, enquire at this office. I)render 17ih. ^ TO RENT,— A beautifully situated Urge and commo4li)Us House in iIm* Eastern District. For terms, or other information, apply lu ELIZABETH SHEEHY, ^y Street. December lOlh. ^\ '*tit •^Ija ""''rnor, tending to depreciate and render jjjT^'>'ir>lHveprojM.rty. and thereby the more easily •"W be r 11^ '•'n"nplaled object— Emancipation— '*"*ip, and the fanatic crew who regulate. ^ ^hirh may turn out similar to the one which ;>*•"'* i:'> w-ith Lord Bathurst. the tlHn Cocoiiiiiuncin<:Petitions .'IM \\u "*;•'>. is 01, the eve of ' d; pairheart of tlie fenc4s lia\e been mwly put up. AlsSO A ract of Land situated at the Villaee, containing 2i50 acres. It is divided by tlie village-road into two Lou, the w (ern lotlieing intersected by tU? new road W'adine froan the villagJ! into tinBIikhill road. This land will be It m:.y seri

[P^ <*" ^^. % w, S^fr Manama UvMn* Norcnibfr 8. |ai. rnm the Ntw Igrk Umtg AdoeriiMer, Ngp. 21 POLAND. ikl down ibeir .rriw. .od .urrendpred to fbe Aittlriaru. -e, ;..u.., tluuri.1. They ar thu, IWt app.r..,„|y u, te entire mercy of 0^1' --••"-""•' Lmperof o( Kuwi-, who, it i wi.I, ,„a„i(V.u a *liix>.iiKmf o,>s from Morocco, mnd invite iImmm to march with tlK^in. TVSIS. h. Bey „f Tunis aijreed, by treaty, on th.H,h Autr-.M IfZir'-rZ"'^^'^ "' ^'''"^ P^'^'"-^'i"t' L'ain in ra.. X ^K L r ^'"'''.'^""^^•••'•nf ha, been made Un^rvn . of ,h.. ,uo Sodi... and thr Bey of Ttinin. I lie I ujie l'iMiHr,Tedanamh;M,adorff.,mnon Mieuel aJ^ "?"" "^ ''*' ^''•'-'="'N r. ,1,11 un,h.ri.le.l • hut H M "7 7'l\ T ''"•^'r^M'-'.d ,., b. roiM lu.l..MHJr.n IJ'r;^::^::;^:: ;:;ir '•-'---• 'He Mo f ai J "OLLAND. M. hi" "'".7"7/**' '•; '•""•t:M,.b lHt,.r from rh*Fmperor Wirh..lai lo ihr VnncfufihAnKv to irbom . ,r.mprror U t.> .t. '"OII ir W9% Mfllt Willi d^iubl M to Ibr inl>iMMHiH .,1 lb.<'/*r ...u. K.. . "'^"' *"'' TdST^^rRlPT. T 4j,* iaur fr^ '";;';;;'^'j'' '^^'^ ''''*• ^"'f^ -ENOf.\!f|) IN A-rjRF^T sTatK OFKXCrTFMFVT Pnre Current, and Muyd', 1^,,.. all .adu,.,e "^'*'' Ih-grra,ritpoM.blrKn,..m^„C preraiM lhrou£bout th. kiairdoo. ,„ consequence of ,hr ,M^nt of ,hr R^foSZi I London. !afrr,HMd an.t otbor arvM rii,,., V,?,i^r '''''• a. a ...nd. I, .., ,.„.n.llv llJ.H T^L Z Kin^; i""'^ •e ..II not but that a numb., of „Vw V%, .f, '^"r" !He.„n. ^ c.llH m all the larKtt"'Jn/2rh '"''''"• are d,^e.| ... mo..rn.n. on •nnouuc.V, tb?. m b,:';;,''-*"" J^> ... thHate. hour tbe^ bad^.„ du^^drJo^hy of i 41 filoy phyajcii^ force : ten tiOMM the forte now in the Island i When two ii*^>i.U ,, -^aSSl euuld not .ubdn. the fn* ioh.bu.0., for the firs, ten mile, of choice of In v ^n. Zl TV *^^ rtie.r march, they should see nothing but bidettes and vuncfuT: ,, ^, """ <* f them uccif HMriu, iney snouw sec nvining uui ouieues and jmncluunt uj Hum! the climate, and a btlle skirmishing, would do tbr remaoider. I^r us stand firm and dtUrmintd, and we will A SON OF JAMAICA. OLD LITLRATUKF. Tkom^hfs on Various Subjects, by Mr. Pope. Paity is the madness of many, for the gain of a few. There never uas any |arty, fat tion, wet, or cabal whatJMiever, in wjiich the ino^i i^iiorani were not tlie most violent ; for a lce is not a busier animal than • blockhead. However, such instruoK'iits are necessary to politicians ; and perhaps it may be with slates as with clocks, which must huvi: some deadweight lianj^in^^at tliern to help aod reuidate the iiKJtion of tlie finer and more useful parts. To enour to work upon the vuij^ar with fine sense, is like attempting to liew blocks with a razor. Fine sense and exalu?d senile are not lialf st) useful as common sense : ihere ar.forty men of wit to one man d' sense : and he that will carry nothing about him but ffoUi, will be every day at a hiss for want of readier change. LearniiiK is like fimcary, one of the most powerful and excellei.l thines in tlie world in skilful hands : in unskilful tiiemost mischievous. The nicest constitutions of fi^overnnient are often like tlie hmrst pieces of clock-work : which d.-p^nding on so He who tells R lie is not sensible how -^ undertakes ; for he iiiuai be forced to inv^!!^ • ^ I to niainUin that one. *"* t^^ C;iving advice, in, many times, only lU ^ .ng a fooh.h thing one's self, uude. preicM,r'>'r, another Irom doing one. ^ ^ f^ It is with followers at court as with full road, who first beHpattr tljt>stt tk tread on their heels. Fake happiness is like false money ; i, ,-^. as well as the true, and scTves somj or.r^'^t^ but when it is brou^ht to the touch, we Zji"^ .md alloy, and feel tlie loss. ^ "* ^ Dastardly men are like sorry horss ul.^ spirit and mettle enough left to be mischievl^"'^^. ^ome iK-ople will never learn any il,i„,, T l hecause they understand every thing too sL^T 'A person who is too nice an observer of .l'u_. the crowd, like one who is too curious i„ ,1 ^[ hour of the bees, will often K' stung for h.^rri^i A man of bus.ness may talk of philosophy ,"2 has none muy practice it. l"Viii, Theie are some solitary r/retches, who seem i.i be rest ol mankind, only as Fve left a7I ^' the devil m private. ^' •• The "^ r'^^" "• ciocK-worK : wbicb d.pnding on so The vanitvof bnmnn v.r^ • it I.' ^ . 1 .m, tha^ is an advantage to us : t U'in^ unhthelolhesof ,be.oi„d,aswith tin, weeds of a tw^ ^, If destroyed and consumed upon tlie place of tiRjir' !;n!;;r;::t"'' "^^"^ ^ '--' "'^' -'-d ever To pardon ihosi. absurdities in ourselves, which wo cannot sulfer in others, is neaher letter not u irse than to t. more willing to be finds ourse-lves, than to have others ^ A man shouh n.ver be ashamed to own he has been in w^s*: rd^: ;:'• •:.'-' -•-^^^ ."'•words, that i^ i wmr ro (Jay than he was yesterday. Our passions are like convulsive fits, which though thev ntake u. stronger lor tin., leave us weaker ever ^fTr t!^J' ^"1 '^^*^^ "**: ""• '••* '"I*^'*^^* ''^^ '^^^ h'-" iniuiy : bir Im> Iui* t .<>.. :„ i.:. „ ... an injury ; The Aillo win c^a^„„,c.,.o„. contained in the Jamaica ^e Iftth ult. we d( >fe, tkewrfon,,, i, pUr ,„ „„, oolumn..-/;^. Ar^ /'Dimet Man rhtfit." mm. l-.D.Toa— In such time, nn the nrrient t.m m„rl. .Mbe wriitejkr .aiU to „hl„ T "^" *^""of our Fe.k.w-Coloni,t:.r;: ,'; TuZllZ"'^ "^ '^^ Prrb.p. I, hall hr t.kH what m hH^ "P.lhe w.r„.ng • N-..o„. rhr n.,lu,in, of Parliament, andl ^^.1.^ "7?:*' / In ...wer, rbr Mo I. 7 ^^ ''''" eann' '" ^ "^'d't ottjie.r darkness and apprehensions : like children, who when they go m the da, k, will sing fi.r fear b„, b^'^"* ^? •"*'^' ridiculou. derider of piety hutahyjK>cnte makes a sob^.r jest of Ood and reS' an^llL I '''V ""P"^*^" debtor. Who goes every day •. ^''";''5""y".V8of war, may be applied to disoutinaI w-ldomse;^ a noble building, or any oiK^r I magmficence and pomp, but I think, how"Ut .H atfy the ambition, or to till the idea, 0^1 soul "' *" ' It is a certain truth, that a man is never ,o .v httle imposi-d upon, as among feople of the 2'!^ II coats lar more trouble to l>e admitted or cuntil*1 company than in good ; as the former have U J* standing to be employeol constantly in ZV' with hmiself. and with others, is no very e.yT4 The d.fl..rence bt-tween what is commonly calld th ngs said in a little room or in a lar^e saUr^ T tables or at great tables, before two cand^T sconces. • It is with narrow-soulcd people a, with narrow^^J borles: the less they have in them the more L^^ make in pouring it out. 'I Many men have been capable of doing a w^ U more, a .onning thing, but very few a generous thi Nnceitisreasonable to doubt most thir.iri. ..J nnfT*J^"^ ^*' "* "^"^ '^^ ^ho make on ,iv. -T A, 'or lie iMU it then in hi, power to make him.h | r.„o^'""v ""^ '"''? r''^'"''**'' ^y " ^"'"^•' Z^"* H'e otlr, by forgiving it. ""5^ ** if ^ should buy dothe. that d^ not 6t k for thf^ hare. ^^ "*^ portsiuan The Scripture, in time of disputes, is like an n~.n .n tune of war, which .rve. ioKn" I'^c^i^ro^f both partH : e,eh makes use of it for tlj present t.n' / tbbnr.'.M.s it to ,1m. „ext comer todo t ^nT '""^ Such whoarealwav.k T 1 ^ "'ners, are iikc those VV ben we are youB^ we are slavishly emnloved Jn ^ only bccaus.. they wer.made by some fam,Hi*t.k,r. It IS a, offensive to speak wit in a fiioj's c..mpans,.f would Ih) dl manners to whi,per in It ; he is dis,,l.a,| botji for tlie same reason, because he is ignorant of iki False critics rail at false wits, as quacks and i.M. are still cautioning us to Uwareof counterfeits and dr otljer cheats only to make more way for tlair ow... WId men for the most part are like old chronic!.., give you dull but true accounUof time r)asf, und irew knowing only on that score. There should be, niethinks, as little merit in hni woman for her beauty, as in hiving a man for \m f^ rity; both lieing equally subject lo chance. We should manace our thoughts in comiwirwork,a..sheplK>rdsdo their flowers in making i r'. rir>t select iIk; choicest, and then dispose them i ti. proper plac-s, where iliey cive a lustre to each ott.r. As hand!M,me children are more adishon.mrtoidrW* eri lather than My ones, liecause unlike himself; n-H thought,, owned by a plagiary, bring him ail than his own ill ones. When a poor Uiief appears in rich garmenU, we ^ diately know they are none of hi, „„ 're still observing upon others, are like thn^ ii ^' 7 ^^'**-^ ""* "•"'^" "'' '' ""• •aysabroad at other men's hotises, reformfn^ ; /""'" ^^."t'^. 'i^e other In-asts, find snare, si-lp-. We ou^ht in h..m,„i,v. no nwre to dewite m.„ f •Lon .l,ov a. ,„ch . I,. „„„.„ h"'lp Tvere t' ^l"' r.M.chW ron,i.|, ,..,l,„uM „„ „Z iZ"'^'' "j"' ma-^l'^rrf/"^" ^'^*. ^' of eratitnd Pfcy pfcysicial force, our •rcc.s.ful rf^iH.a,.^^ u .j C.OKnve what wtd.l be th. c.^^rnun^J^lrf ''^^ ''"'" the PlaiHer, and Propetor, w.reT c^^V 1 '^ "* y'^*'' prt the prrvlure to Hniaiit • fk '" ""'*• "' 's;. .-„..r, -O.M ?:x..x!^h:r;r/" '""';' •"''''M comn.„„„i._,.„, -'ti, '••••'"•< -"..Id rewire tho^n.. e. per,n.i tr';.r, T r:. r.ri'r-"*-"^ prt.rMence an,l public cbanrr. Twm.V Tk ''^'" **" wouW be thrown out of emoloTmeL i "'"*'^ '"*•• humlred thousand ,ons of 22^1'*:'' '""^^ '"" 'b-e to the amount of •.•rr.l m'lbon^• '""^''""•'' "'"^''r .e*,..enrr*_,b,. rrvenue touche. ,W the Fni.r.l State, all is .n'":/^;:; ''T"''-' der. us by no means •• ifl.,Vii,>oa/ a, Mr r! /> "'" .lle.| OS. which prerenr*.! him. iKK>r man r **" ^'"""'"'^ W cannot be worse than we now aiT '•'"^''^ bappe,., ,h„ I Will .oppoth iirituh Co.en.ment .d enough to em , -."^ u.i.ivi in-<^i^, lino snares f" n the prrivisionsof life, and are alluml by il^-ir ippw to th^ir destruction. ,\J^ "''^^ positive men are the mmt credulow; *• they most believe tlH^Muselves, and a'n perhipii* by the new ones all that they got by the old ones. A man who admires a fine woman, ha, vet no moff f* •on to wish himself her husband, than one who Af^' the Hesperian fiuit, would have had to wish hiiwelt"" anieon that kept it. He who marries a wife, because lie cannot aUv.l^' <^tely IS much like a mar, who, findinc a fe. Iw^ mhisbiHly, resolves to wear a ,)er,K^iual blister. learned people, for beinc %o cIoM-ly united, are ! '^ apter to part : as knots, tlie harder Un-y are pulled, b^ tne soonei. -^ '^ A family i, hut too often a rommonwealth of marrfn*'* Jtiat we call the charities and ties of affmitv, pro^-e' b#* ,„ I ,,. --r\ ^'""' "• Praiifurte ma r>oor }l '"^'J'^^*^ •'*' clashini; interests : the 'son wish-^* HKitlif heJ '"'"7"'*^""-'^^^ ^ -^-':r^t"^^^^'t'^'"^' theyoun...t brotlu-r tbatoftbr^. Flow .^of rl^ ""•' "*""• I tt '^'^'*^'"jn>inrs at tlie sisters' ,>ortion : wlien .; ^ are like the bhlr' 1 V"'''"" ""'* ^"'"^ Hisrour^ Z^ T'7' '^^ ''' "''^ '^'^ '""* n^ animosities. It •bo coml .n t-r ""7 orn,ph.asin, to tl^.' ^'iT '^ "7^ "''^-^"•We to expect all this, and yd-' woukJ "1 tt '*%^'""^-^-"'. ^^ prejudicial to him ^Z X? "" '"'"^'•^^ *^"^ '" ^"'iv''"'• '^"^ i*^**^^ "* J^'^ ' g^t^f"! io Uie same degree that they -re ^ r^it <> EOK;M, Editor. %%i:ii%i:nuav. oi^c i^huicr *ii, ih3i. VQh. I— IVo. XLT. TiiK IJVII \M \ \U(;L.S. PUaLINilKI) NKMI-WKKKLY IN NASSAU. N. P. Bifht BoUart per annum— Xn advance. POBTP.T. Hark Colonists hark To bis pt I every man Oppression rears her ensign dark — Hark I the work of ruin's began. Wil! you look taic'.f on 1 No— brothers, no To the fiehl— One rif^hl-—im*; vriciUgt your own, At your peril yield. Your invaded laws. Colonists, protect, F\)riii a sturtly band Concede only when rraofi shall directStand— -Colonists — stand The hearts that beat on this far strand To Fntfland — to their monarch true The lest of loyally hncr sIwmI — irili Mtanti^ 6(ill to maternal F.n-jland ^ield her due: Bur fur her petty tyrants, avaunl! Flnglainl*:^ worst enemies — Who to line their pockets, haunt Her once blest Cnloniea. In religion's specious garb array'd. Draining— oppressing — dealing iJiscouteot— See .'see .' their trust l>etray'd, To Enjflands interest dead — her subjects sent To seek on fair Columbia's shore, That peace to distant subjects lost— > Those proud days for ever o'er WbenJoj/icf was the Kriton's boast. Stand Colonists, stand What trampled on— Hipprest Then (orm a sturdy band i^i the word be fist.'* O droop not little isle Thy sun is but ecliptt, Withbobling its lustre awhile "^Pwill from rs in.iti, With a still brighter smile ; While each brave Colonist, Now supporting thy riyht. In the midst of thy woe Shall bask in its light. The waves that onward (low, To lave thy rocky shore, Waft high their snowy wreaths, Around, the or,t;ng the claims of the W ladians to more e '**n'"''' **'•* country concurrently with •••V..I.U ^'"'J"^ ''"' P"''P*'* o** putting an end 'to the mmii^v '"• ^'^J'''n>'r observed that it wa^Kjtoriby thTl. J"""'' *^' ^'"'^tcd al! the regulations aijr^S upon ^^Ti^il'^Ti *^^*''"' ""'^ ^'^'^ "P"'y <^"^'^ on the •f the nr^"* rf^'fiance of those reeulations. The increase r*H>ftiLr,'''"V ''**' ''"''*'•'-" laviaWd •"'^f^*'**of the labourers, an.l *wwn I* P'"'^'^*'^ '""•'•' advantdce over our own. In '" the *'"'''"'Y^'** l""'<^e o<" a slave was nearly do.ible that Produce r^r '""•'*"'^**' "d thus the latter could bring their ^^ own r J '""**''' '*^ decide^l advantage over that of colonies, which obseivcd Uc laws against the slave-trade; and we not only let ilieni liavthe advantage of us in tlie market abroad, but we gave thein peculiar advantages even in the British market. It had been said that tlie refiners had calculatud u{on tlie continuance of this measure ; but it was well known that it was at first hut an ex(>eriuient, aid tlmt it had failed. The refiners were aware of this, and ihertfonj had sufficient notice. He was satisfied that the Right Hon. (iontleman (Mr. P. Thompson) would feel tlie responsibility attaching to His Majesty's (iovernment, in a measure of "this description, of relying on the repri'sentatiuns received from the refiners of Liverpool in opposition to the reprjteniations of the West liidid interest, and of saying ibat the only pt^rsons capable e;' giving information to His Majesty's Ministers were the refiners, who had a direct interest in'the (juestion, making as they diii large profits from tie measure. With re|)ect to the argument, that au injury could be done by the slight tpiantity of foreign sugar iin(>orted, he begged to remind the House of Mr. Hu.skiison's remark res|)ecting the small quantity of Mauritius sugar that could be produced, and to ask them to look at the quantity now imported. Wtiea ofiwj the door of penaisned, it wa, difficult to say to what extent the privileges might not be carried. When the difficulties of tlie West India proprietors were considered, and when ruin looked them in the face, was this a policy whichought to be pursued towards an interest to relieve which an anxiety was professed, particularly when that interest did not ask relief, but only that its burdens sliouUl not be incred T [Hear.] Was it wished to retain the colonies ? If so, and if the distress of those colonies were such as it notoriously was, it could not lie consistent with the professed view, and intentions of his Majesty's Ministers to refuse an inquiry. He trusted no reliance would lie placed ii{mni a statement which had been addressed ^o the .Noble Lord (Lord Althorp signified assent) by some gentlemen, and which he (Mr. Buige) had seen some Members reading, which contained the grossest falsehoods ever pennctL W liuever llie gentleman might be who wrote that address, he could not permit to gross a litiel on the character of tlie West India interest to pass unnoticed, which had no foundation in fact. The Hon. Mernbrr liere pointed out some mis-statements in tlie paper he referred to. He eulogised the character of the West India merchant, and coloiial hody, many of whoe dilh^ies, he observed, had jesulted Irom their liberal condOrt towards their labourersil>road. He would instance the case of a West India erclunt of the highest respectability^ lone a Member of thai H^tim, who had recently failed (Mr. Manning, we f>resunie), not through any extravagance or Uiinton speculations, but ihrouph the drain ocCiiioned by the demands of tlie laboun^rs on his estates for clothing and subMst. nee. The Hon. Mendx-r concluded by m.>vinga8 an amendment •' That a select committee be appoiut4>d to inquire ho* far the |)erriiission to refine lorciL'n siii^ar in this country i, op|>osed to tlie interests of iIm' West India colonies, and tends to encourage Uie continuance of the slave-trade." Mr. P. Thompson Mid,tlie Hon. Member had completely failed in establishing that the consumption of fiireign sugar would increase*in this country, and that the measure of Govcinment was not at all calculated to favour tlie slave trade. The fact was, that the bill was nothi ng but a renewal of tlie old bill with provisions of which the Hon. Gentleman wa, evidently unacquainted. He did not appear to be aware that for every hundred weight of foreign sugar imported into this country, an equal quantity of W est Indian sugar would be ex|>orted, and bearing in mind this inqxirtant point, it was difficult to perceive the injury to be inflicted on the colonial interests. The truth, was the principle of the bill had been sanctioned by the legislature over and over again — in tlie silk trade, tlie cotton trade, and other leading branches of our manufactures. The sugar must be refined somewhere, and the bill would enable this country to have the In^nefit o( the process instead of Hamburgh or Amsterdam, or any otlier place oo llie Continent where it might be refined, and imported into Fngland for consumption. Tlie Right Hon. (ientleman went into numerous details, to prove that the West Indian interests ai present posse.vs-d all fair advantages of tlie market. He believed that the intro^liiction of foreign sugars fiir refining, if carried to any extent, would be most beneficial to the British shipowners, fur a very large amount of British capital wa, invested in the productiS4 of sugars in the Rraxiis ; and it was to tlie advantage of the grower, to import it in British bottoms. He was satisfii-d that llie measure did net effect any injury to the British West Indian interests, and he only begged tlie House to bear in mind that the bill was to last but for one year. Mr. (fiMilburn thought the merits of the question lay in very narrow compass '" would delay tlM bill too long for any useful practical wif pose this session. [Hear.] *^ Mr. Gordon contended that if tlie bill were allowed to commute in force one other year, tlie result woukJ be ruinouto the West India interest, and perhaps fatal to the connexion of the West India colonies with tlio mother country. [Hear.] Mr Maberly, as a friend to the West In.lia interest. would suggest to the Hon. and Learned Gentleman (Mr. Burge) the expediency of wiUidrawing his motion for the present, and d he so thought fit, of bringing it forward on a future occasion, in a mode pointed out by the Wobl, Chancellor of the Exchequer. Mr. J. Wood f onceivod that the Hon. and Learned t^-entleman had entirely failed in tracing tlie existing dis^ tressed condition of tlie West India interest to the operalion of tlie present bill. Mr. Hunie argued that relief ought to be extended to the W est Indian colonies, but contendtnl at the same tinnr that, as Government had determined to grant a committee of inquiry, the West Indiaa interest ouht to alloiftiw Bill to puss for one yeai. ""^ Mr. J. Weyland supported the proposition of Governnient. Mr. Robinson was almost inaudible amidst the calls of the House for Questioa/' He was understood, however, to support tlie melk>n of Hr. Burge. The House then divided, when there appeared— for the motion 113 Aga"t it 125 Majority for Ministers . .—12 On out entering the gallery we found Mr. Burge on his % legs, declaring tliat he wouUl, in every subsequent statre *^^ oppose the process of this Bill as far as the farms of th^ House would allow. Mr. B. Gordon hoped, that after the small majority tiie Ministers had obtained, tliey would not persist in fo'rcinf this Bill upon the Hou8(^ A desultory conversation then took place between Sir F. Burdett, Mr. (;oulburn. Mi. C. Ferguson, and Mr. K, Douglass, after which Lord Althorp declared his intention of |>ersisting in this Bill. Tlie Speaker then put tlie quaafion that this leport be now received. w TIk' gallery was cleared for a division, but no devision took place. Tlie report was ilwn received, and a Bill was ordered lo be brought in pursuant lo the resolutions. From the New York Commercial Adwcri'uer, FROM CANTON. ^ We published on Monday, a letter from Bafavia, stating that the sloop of war Coote left Anjier on the ^th July, for Lugland, with tlis|>atclies from Canton, announcing that serious difficuhies had occurred l)etween llie Lnglish Com^ pany and the Chinese, which were likely to retalt in a total suspension of the tiade between the two countries, and probably in a war. [A paragraph was publiihod in this paper of last evm^ ing, giving tlio substance of a letter iVo-n St. Helena; September 21. reporting tlie entire breaking up of the Last India Company's Lstablishment at Canton, the murder of llie princi|al English residenu, Ac. which'happily proves by subsequent advices, not to be true. Sffieak* ing of ihe letter to which we refer, tlie Mercantile 6f this morning, from which we take the subjoinetl extracts, says :] The above intelligence wouW Iwive excited consider'ablo interest here but for the fact of the arrival of letters by the way of Mexico from Canton as late as the ralA •/ Jnl^ which state that the trade had not been susfx-nded. Th# following is an extract from one of these letters. ** Camton, July 6. — There was a little imfirovement a| the moment in imports, in consequence of the difficulty hew tween the Chinese authorities and the Company. The latter threatened to stop the whole English trade, and issued notices to that effect, but finding that the proce'dings of the Chinese emanated from Pekin, they ha*e withdrawn tlieir notice, and referred the affair to the Governor General of India and the Englbh governrmmt at home. A vessel has been n dMi Canton d m ;l*^ -, ioverncDent ,...,• .. ^"'^ t**^ Britisli Factory. We fnive nothing matenai to 1 boujrh he had examined the ) communicate, to assist in forming a judgment as to its pr^ subject with his Ix'St attention, he had not been able to make up hi, opinion one way or tlie otlier, and saw not how any Hon. .Member cmild arrive at a decision upon siH'h a complex question, without inquiry iNsfore a eh;ct committee. That inquiry lie earnestly urged upon tlie House. Lord ikltliorp had no objection to inquiry, so as jt did not interfere with the proirress of the present bill. It should be recollected that Ministers had, on a fiirmer occasion, assented to a proposition of tlie Noble .Member for Buckinehamshire for a committee of inquiry, but 4hat the West India interest had refused to take advantage of tlu bable tennination, unless it be that a growinp conviction of the unjiistifiabh' n i ire of tlw; proceedinjfs which are comfilained of, apjx .r u, j.i.vail in tlie minds of tlwise Cluneal whose opinion we have an opportunity of knowing. The Foo-yen, following up his violent line of conduct, would notrmit the Kwan{r-h>ep to preM>nt to him the address of tJie Select Committee, which, togetlier with thft Factory key,, .Mr. Lirdsay had placpfi in his bands, on the 29th ult. The Committee bemg thos delmrred from all means of communication whh the Government, resolved lo ptit llie Chinese miblic in posseioi of the facts of the caie by a bn<*f nf>tin