Tapir conservation

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Tapir conservation the newsletter of the IUCNSSC Tapir Specialist Group
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Tapir conservation (Print)
Abbreviated Title:
Tapir conserv. (Print)
IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group
IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group
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IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group
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Began in 1990.
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Description based on: Vol. 12, no. 2 (Dec. 2003); title from cover.

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Tapir Conservation
e Newsleler of the IUCr VSSC Tapir Specialist Group

Volume 9, Number 1 June 1999

Sharon Matola, TSG Chairperson
Sheryl Todd, TSG Deputy Chair

The views in Tapir Conservation do
not necesarily ~lct those of the IUCN
nor the entire IUCN/SSC Tapir
Specialist Group (TSG). The objective
of Tapir Conservation is to offr the
members of the IUCN/SSC Tapir
Specialist Group and others concerned
with the family Tapiridae news brfi,
opinions, and general information about
this threatened mammalian genus.
Anyone wishing to contribute to I pir
Conservation, please send material to:

Sharon Matola
IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group
PO. Box 1787
Belis City, Belize, CenralAmerica
Belia Zoo@btnet
Phone 501-081-3004
Fax 501-081-3004

Sheryl Todd
Deputy Chair
IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group
PO. Box 1432
Palisade, Colorado 81526 USA
Phone (970) 464-0321
Faxc (970) 464-0377

Produced with assistance from
Wildlife Preservation Truat,
International, 1520 Locust Street,
Suite 704, Philadelphia,
PA 19102 USA;
Ph (215) 731-9770;
Fax (215) 732-9766;

From the Chair

Future TSG newsletters will be taking
on a new format. Both Sheryl Todd,
TSG Deputy Chair, and I will be
retrieving communications from tapir
researchers and others, talking the
highlights from these items, and
presenting this in the TSG newsletter
for everyone's information.
This will lead to the production of a
more informative and dynamic
resource which, we hope, will augment
your information banks about the four
species of tapir we are trying to
conserve into the next millennium.
Recent tapir highlights include the
spectacular fieldwork on going in
Morro do Diabo State Park in
southewestem Brazil. Laury Cullen
and his dedicated staffare
accomplishing important field
investigations on Tapirus tereslris,
adding information to the paucity of
knowledge which exists about this
species. While Patricia Medici has
returned to University, her history of
exemplary work in Morro do Diabo
with this species will continue to
provide strong guidance to subsequent
work involving this species.
Anew tapir poster has been
developed with assistance from
Disney's Animal Kingdom and Rick
Barongi. See the article in this section
for further details. Money from the
sale of the posters is slated to go into a
fund which will be used to assist tapir
conservation. The poster is brilliant. It
depicts a Baird's tapir mother with
young in a tropical forest stream
The following information,
contributed by some TSG members,

will provide a look into the latest
occurrences with tapirs. As always,
both Sheryl and I urge you to submit
information so that your work can be
shared with others interested in the
conservation of tapirs.

Conference to

include tapir


Atapir workshop will be included in
the 4th International Conference for
the Management ofWildiife in
Amazonia and Latin America. The
conference will be held on 4-8 October
of 1999 in Asuncion, Paraguay. This
event is co-orgnized by CITES-
Paraguay, the Fundaci6n Mois6s
Bertoni para la Conservaci6n de la
Naturaleza, and the Tropical
Conservation Programs of the
University of Florida, USA. One of the
main goals of this conference is to
discuss management of wildlife in all
of Latin America. The conference will

The drawing on our masthead was donated
by artist Kvin Burkdill ofBirmigham,



81e page 3 hor O1mplete cout1its

Tapir Cosetvaimn, Newsletter of the JCWNSSC Tapir Specialst Group Editor: Sharon Matola, PO. Box 1787, Belize City, Belize E-madl:

have plenary and workshop sessions
solely devoted to starting a Latin
American Wildlife Society. For further
details, visit the conference web site at:
index.shtml or contact Patricia Medici
at (Please note
Patricia's new e-mail address.)

Tapir workshop
During the conference, a special
workshop on tapirs will focus on
conservation. The organizers of the
meeting hope to convene tapir
researchers from all over to discuss
emerging issues in tapir conservation.
Tapir research, management and
conservation issues will be addressed.
What strategy should tapir
conservation take in light of the
wildlife management programs
currently underway?
As a first step for the meeting, the
organizers will ask those present to
make short presentations about the
current research and management
programs in various countries and
how they are addressing tapir
conservation. Questions such as the
following will be considered for
What wildlife management
programs are in place in the countries
where tapirs exist? How are they
designed to reduce tapir harvest? What
are they doing to reduce tapir habitat
fragmentation? What are they doing to
deal with the habitat already
Experiencies of local people
involved in management programs
will be interesting and illustrative. The
conference will ask how recent
findings in tapir research can be used
to improve current management
programs. What type of action may be
necessary and which are feasible for
tapir conservation in the short and
long term? Aspects of funding will also
be discussed.
For the meeting to succeed, it is
necessary to have as many interested
tapir people as possible in Paraguay.
The exchange of ideas and
experiences, and discussion will
contribute to tapir conservation

Two abstracts on tapirs have been
submitted for the tapir workshop as of
early June:
* Patricia Medici e Claudio
Valladares-Pdua: Biologia da
conserve~ o da anta (Tapinus termstris) e
seu potential como "detetive
ecol6gico" na regigo do Pontal do
Paranapanema Estado de Sio Paulo -
Brasil (Conservation biology of
lowland tapirs and their potential as
"landscape detectives" at Pontal do
Paranapanema Region Sio Paulo
State -Brazil).
* Jessica Amanzo Alcantara: Estado
de la poblaci6n de tapir de altura (T.
pinchaque) en el Santuario Nacional
Tabaconas-Namballe Cajamarca -
Peru (Status of the tapir population at
Tlbaconas-Namballe National
Sanctuary Cajamarca Peru).
Thank you TWe hope to see you all
in Paraguay!


satrcda Medid

Olga Mantenegm

TSG web site

Our site at www.tapirback.conm
tapirgaliucn-asc/tsg is being visited
in increasing numbers. Our main page
had 163 visitors in March. The site is
used by researchers and
conservationists in the field, as well as
students in many countries looking for
detailed, quality information.
Our aim is to keep the technical
side simple and the file sizes small in
order to make the site as accessible as
possible to people around the world.
We recently learned that TSG
members in Sumatra were able to
download the Action Plan and
Bibiography via their local Internet
connection. Having the Action Plan
accessible instantaneously and at no

cost other than standard online charges
is a goal realized. In return, we were
able to download photos and articles for
this newsletter from Sumatra and
Thailand. While Internet technology
has become standard for some of us, it
is still new or just on the horizon for
others. For all of us, it's a remarkable
way of keeping in touch and
exchanging information.

Action Plan

Tapirs: Status Survey and Consnrvaion
Acton Plan is available in paperback
and on the web. For an online copy,
see "TSG web site" article, above.
Printed copies can be ordered from:

IUCN Publication Services Unit
219c Huntingdon Road
Cambridge, CB3 ODI,
United Kingdom
Phone: + +44/1223/277894
Fax ++44/1223277175

Island Press
Covelo, California 95428
Phone: 800-828-1302 or
+ + 1-707-983-6432
Fax ++1-707-983-6414

Hundreds of copies have been
distributed throughout the world.

Injured tapir



As we go to press, Lisa Morehead, the
Oklahoma City Zoo keeper who was
critically injured by a female Malayan
tapir on 20 November 1998, is at
home. She is undergoing intensive
physical therapy to keep muscles
usable. Her injuries were extensive,
including the loss of her left arm. She
has been corresponding by e-mail, and

page 2 / Tapir Consavalon, Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Tapr Specalist Group Editor: Sharon Matola, P.O. Box 1787, Belize City, Bellze E-mall:

last we heard was adjusting to her
prosthetic arm. The Tapir Specialist
Group was among the many donors
who contributed to the total of
$1700.00 raised for Lisa. A month ago
she had just begun to use the fund to
buy special heating pads to aid her
recovery and was considering the
purchase of a special fitting for her
new arm that would allow to her to
work out in the gym. Keeping muscles
of both sides of her body toned so they
don't atrophy has been an ongoing
challenge. There will be additional
surgeries in the upcoming months.
Lisa thanks everyone for the
donations, cards, and good wishes. She
says they have helped tremendously in
pulling through the difficult times.

TPF activities

The main page of the TIpir
Preservation Fund's Tapir Gallery web
site receives about 400 hits per week.
This does not include those who may
have come inon one of the other
approximately 350 pages and never
accessed the home page. This could
mean usage of about 20,000 or more
visitors this year to the main page
alone. Our mailbag tells us almost
daily that when people want to find
out what a tapir is, our informational
site is easily found. Material from the
site is used by everyone from young
students to professionals. Our high
web visibility attracts researchers and
others who are looking for a way to
make contact with the tapir
community. We routinely connect
them with others working in their area
of interest.
Not only use of the site, but our
incoming mail and requests for
materials have been growing this year,
making it necessary to begin looking
for office assistance on a regular basis.
Club Tapir, our monthly fundraiser
for designated tapir projects, was one
year old onApril 1. During its 14
months in operation, Club Tapir has
raised a total of $3853.00 and funded
the following:

Georgetown Zoo,
Guyana: $1055.00
CraigC. Downer: $1046.00
Belize Zoo: $912.00
Patricia Medici: $270.00
Ruben Nufiez: $265.00
The Foersters: $305.00

No expenses are taken out of the
Club's donations, and recipients of the
fundraising flyer also receive the
monthly TPF News.
This year, TPF raised $1700.00 for
Lisa Morehead, the tapir keeper at the
Oklahoma City Zoo who was severely
injured by a Malayan tapir on 20
October 1998. Portion of this total
was donated by the Tapir Specialist
Group. Between April 1997, and April
1999, TPF donated $4800.00 to Ruben
Nuiiez in Ecuador for his conservation
education work with the people of
Central Ecuador, one of the remaining
strongholds ofT. pindcham We also
assisted in securing grants for this
project from the Columbus and
Pittsburgh Zoos. We are especially
grateful to Kate Wilson, a professional
writer and a tapir fan, who volunteered
her time. She is now on our Board of
Directors as Secretary, joining Marco
Herranz, Vice-President, and Sheryl
Todd, President.
On 6 May, the Tapir Preservation
Fund celebrated its first year as a 501
(c) (3) nonprofit organization. Our
future plans include watching Club
Tapir grow, generating additional
funds for tapir projects through grants,
building and improving the Upir
Gallery web site, and conducting the
Tapir Tilk e-mail group, which this
year has aided research in the field and
tapir health in zoos. The amount of
traffic and mail generated by the web
site as well as the continued growth of
our fundraising activities tells us that
we are providing services that are
needed, and to which the general
public will contribute. Promoting
awareness of these endangered species
and providing information and
material support that will help with
their conservation and well-being have
been our primary goals since the
Fund's founding in 1996.

Table of Contents

From the Chair 1
Conference to include tapir workshop 1
TSG web site 2
Action Plan 2
Injured tapir keeper recovering 2
TPF activities 3
Funding sources: Lincoln Park Zoo 3
Poster of Baird's tapir and young 4
Omnivorous tendencies? 4
Next issue: Project location Map 5

Central America 5
South America 7
Southeast Asia 9

Panama: A history of tapirs in captivity
(1990-1999) 11
Orphaned tapir 13
The tapirs of La Marina 13
Studbooknews 13
TAG news 13


Our online gift shop provides tapir
fans with gifts and items featuring the
tapir often hard or impossible to find
in stores. In return, the gift shop helps
fund TPFs projects.
As of 1999, we are not a
membership organization, per se, but a
sense of membership is fostered by
participation in Club Tapir.We are
considering the possibility of
organization memberships for 2000.

Shter Todd
Prrsiden, TapirPresM action Fund


sources: Lincoln

Park Zoo

The Lincoln Park Zoo announced two
available sources of funding, the Scott

TapirConservaion, Newsletter of the IUCWSSC Tapir Speddist Group Edtor: Sharon Mada, RO. Box 1787, Belize City, Blze E-mail: / page 3

Neotropic Fund and Africa/Asia Fund
awards, which have awarded over 126
grants in 19 countries since 1986. The
two funds support field research in
conservation biology around the
The Scott Neotropic Fund focuses
on projects undertaken in Latin
America and the Caribbean. The fund
emphasizes the support of graduate
students and other young researchers,
particularly those from Latin America.
The Africa/Asia fund, launched in
1997, focuses on projects throughout
Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. Each fund
supports projects of young
conservation biologists. Between five
and 15 projects for each fund are
supported each year. The fund awards
are seldom greater than US$7500, and
most awards fall in the range of $3000-
$6000. Initial support is for up to 12
months from the date of award, and
the maximum duration of support is
two years. The current deadline for
receipt of Scott Neotropic proposals is
1 September, and Africa/Asia proposals
have no deadline for 1999. Additional
information and application
procedures can be obtained through;

I BAIaI'ft D t AnPt

PA r-f


or write to:

Lincoln Park Zoo, SNF/AA Funds
c/o Director of Conservation and
Lincoln Park Zoo
Chicago, IL 60614 USA

Poster of Baird's

tapir and young

This poster is from an original painting
by former Disney Iragineer Ben
Tripp. Ben was one of the original
members of Disney's Animal Kingdom
design team. Presently he is a freelance
experiential designer and screenplay
writer working for large entertainment
companies. He donated this picture to
support tapir conservation.
The painting depicts a mother and a
week old calf in a forest stream. The
local names for the tapir appear around

Mother and baby Bainds tapir
delisera rintMisea mto r an
this pster produd byRick
Barongi and Lewi Geene of
Disnes Animal IGngdom and
The Wldlife Conservation
Sodety respectively.

the border of the picture. Macho de
Monte (Panama), Danta/Anta (Mexico
and Central America), Mountain Cow
(Belize), Moli (Kuna Indians) and
Tzimin (Mayan).
The Spanish message on the
bottom translates to:

The forest is our home.
Please do not destroy it,
do not kill u
Extinction is forever.

This poster will help to publicize
the plight of the tapir and generate
more support for its conservation in
local communities in Central America.
Unfortunately, the printing method
for this newsletter cannot do justice to
the poster. It is in beautiful color on
heavy paper, measures 24 x36 inches,
and can be purchased for zoo gift
shops. To find out more and see how
you can help, please contact

Rick Baroigi
Disney's Animal KGngdom
RO. Bcx 10,000
Lake Buena msta, FL 32830
Fax: (407) 9390-6386



We thought we would add this to the
ongoing discussion about whether or
not tapirs are strictly vegetarian. The
following letter showed up in the e-
mailbox one day in December, 1998.

Dear Tapirback people,
Found your site on the web and would
like to add a little tapir knowledge. I grew
up in Pnm, near Puallpa, and occasionaly
visited tribes in more remote locations. On
one such visit when was 12, there was a
pet tapir in the vilage. I believe it was
probably about half-grown It wa about
waist-high on my mon, who is is 2, and
had lost its strips.
Anyway... the indian found a boa in
the small clinic they had here. One the boa

page 4 / Tapir Conseraon, Newsletter of the IUCNSSC Tapir Specialist Group Edor: Sharon Maola, RO. Box 1787 Belize City, Belize E-mail:

was out fthe clinic it was killed, chopped
into piecefor the chickens, and tossed under
the building. (The clinic, like many
Amazonian homes, was on stilts.) Several
minutes later, while I was playing with some
ofthe boys, one ofthem looked up and said,
"The tapir is eating the snake" He surely
was! He had wandered under the clinic and
was eating the pieces of boa that had been left
for the chickens!

Sam Gesch

Next issue:

Project Location


Please help us create a visual guide to
tapir projects around the world. Send
us your location, and we'll mark it on a
map to be updated and printed each

While we're soliciting your help,
let u invite you to send in
citations for new tapir literature -
either an article you've written or
something you come across. Also,
please note countries which do not
have reports in this issue. The
editors will be grateful foryour
help in making Tapir Conserraton
as complete a guide to worldwide
tapir projects as possible.


Al countriesfrom which we have reports are
listed. The arrangement is generally north-
t-south beginning with the Ameias and
continuing to Asia. Please help by sending in
reports fom the country in which you work
Population estimates have been omitted this
issue due to lack of accurate information, as
much more research is needed. Report are
welcomed by the editors.

IUCN Categories:
Mountain tapir (Tapius pinchaque):
Endangered (EN)
Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus):
Vulnerable (VU)
Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii):
Vulnerable (VU)
Lowland tapir (Tapirus terresris):
Lower Risk (LR) near threatened

Central America

Baird% tapir (TaCus bairO)

Eduardo Naranjo is finishing
coursework for his Ph.D. at the
University of Florida at Gainesville
and returning to M6xico to
concentrate on his dissertation
research. For this project, he will
capture and radio-collar six tapirs in
the Lacandon forest of Chiapas.
Funding for the first six tapirs has been

obtained, and additional funding is
being sought to extend the number of
tapirs collared. Peccaries will also be
radio-collared for study.

EduardoJ. Naranjo
enarai o@sdc.caosurmx

Bant hpa (Tas bsOlr
Sharon Matola reports having seen
tapir tracks in the Sierra de Las Minas,
near Motagua Valley at an elevation of
over 3000 meters. There has been
some discussion on Tapir Talk recently
about high elevation sightings of
Baird's tapir sign.

Sharm Matola

Bards tapir (Trwomirm r

The Chalillo Scheme

The most robust populations of Baird's
tapir found in Belize are under
determined threat by the proposed
development of a dry season storage
dam. The flooding of the area
proposed would eradicate 90% of the
riparian vegetation found there, and

this is the very type of habitat which
provides ample food sources for
herbivores. Jos6 Fragoso found
through his fieldwork in Belize in the
1980s that this riparian or floodplain
vegetation was the preferred food for
tapirs. This has been confirmed from
later fieldwork. Feces collected and
analysed were found to contain
remains of herbaceous floodplain
vegetation only These findings
reinforce the important role that
floodplain habitat plays for the
preservation of this endangered species
in the central Maya Mountains.
Unfortunately, the area slated for the
proposed dam is not replicated in other
area of Belize. It appears to be the
single most important habitat for
wildlife populations in the country.

Proposal developed

Proposal for Vegetation Study in
Threatened Central American
Tapir, Tapirus bairdit, habitat in
Belize, Central America

In this region of the central Maya
Mountains of Belize, a healthy
population of T bairdi is sustained
within two remote Protected Areas,
Chiquibul National Park and
Chiquibul Forest Reserve, both having
ample food sources for herbivores.
Robust vegetation profile is due to the
dynamics of the river network,
experiencing frequent and aggressive
floods during the rainy season, six

Tpir Caservais Newsletter of the IUClNSSC Tapir Specialist Group Editor: Sharon Mtola, PO. Box 177, Belize City, Belize E-mall: BezeZoo@bllnet / page 5

months each year. As a result of these
floods, the riparian vegetation
flourishes and is preferred food for
herbivores, containing no toxins,
growing fast and prolific on the sun-
drenched river edges.
However, at this time, this unique
ecosystem is under threat from a
proposed hydro project. Should the
storage dam and reservoir be
developed, this riparian zone, so
necessary for sustaining the remaining
populations of T bairdii, would be
It has been noted, after eight years
of field investigations in this area, that
this specific type ofvegetation is not
found in similar growth profiles along
other Belize river systems. One
species, known to be a food plant for T.
bairdii, collected in 1995 and
subsequently sent to botanists at
Missouri Botanical Gardens, was
discovered to be a new species record
for the country, Tripsacum andersonni.
It is hoped that by collecting
samples of the vegetation and having
them classified by working with a
botanist at Selby Botanical Gardens,
Florida, a strong argument could be
put forth noting that the unique
vegetation profile of this river system
defines the base of rich biodiversity
found there, and therefore should
remain protected and not altered.
Do note that implementing the
above-mentioned dam scheme has not
been fully accepted or approved by the
Government of Belize (GOB).
Further data from this area, suggesting
that it is unique within the country's
environmental profile, could
contribute to seeing this region
preserved into the next millennium.

Sharon Matol
Dicretor Belize Zoo and
Tropical Education Center
Chair, Tapir Specialist Group

Tapir attacks canoe

Editedfrom Tapir Talk
Thursday, 20 May 1999
I just wanted to let the Tapir Talk
crowd know that at our study site for

scarlet macaw, my field team had an
older adult male tapir attack the canoe.
The actual bite mark is on the bow! So
sorry I missed it. I will report more as I
learn about it. Andy, a National
Geographic photographer, captured it
on video.

Sharon tMatola

Costa Rica
Banls tapir (Tapbrs baldf)

Charles and Sonia
Foerster report:
March 1999

A complete report of the Foersters'
March, 1999, trip to Corcovado
National Park, written by Sonia
Foerster, DVM, can be found on the
Tapir Gallery web site at
Proyecto Danta, the Baird's Tapir
Project, began in 1994 as Charles
Foerster's Masters thesis project. The
plan was to capture and radiocollar five
tapirs, learning what he could about
their basic ecology. After eighteen
months it seemed a waste to remove
the collars, so additional funding was
procured and the project expanded.
Corcovado National Park contains the
largest remaining tract of lowland
rainforest in central America, and is
estimated to hold approximately 300
Baird's tapirs.
Objectives for the March trip were
to change the collars on seven animals
before their batteries were spent, collar
two offspring of previously-collared
females, train two new field assistants,
conduct ultrasound tests on
immobilized females, obtain more
detailed monitoring data on the
anesthetic protocol used previously,
collect fecal samples for possible
pregnancy determination assay, and to
work with a filming company
commissioned by National

Charles preceded the rest of the
team by three weeks, spending that
time to monitor tapir movements and
formulate capture plans, and to train
the two new assistants, IOanaki
Caballero and Ricardo Rodriguez, both
of Costa Rica. On 3 March, the entire
team assembled in Corcovado
National Park.
The transrectal ultrasound was
practiced first on a male, Flash, who
has been part of the project since 1995.
The team was able to identify some of
Flash's accessory sex glands in the
process. They also collected more
detailed anesthetic monitoring data
than in previous years, and took the
first of several sets of dental
impressions made on the trip. These
will be used to attempt to identify the
ages of the animals and to contribute
data on tooth eruption and wear. The
Foersters are requesting any
information that can be provided on
correlating tapir dentition and age -
particularly the ages at which various
molars and premolars erupt.
One tapir was found to be pregnant.
An ultrasound was performed on Big
Mama, who has also been part of the
project since 1995, and who has
probably produced three offspring
while collared. By her test, she was
judged to be 25-30 days pregnant. An 8
mm ebryo was seen with a visible
heartbeat. Big Mama was most likely
impregnated when she went into heat
directly after giving birth to her
current calf named Dedo. The young
calf was present at the anesthesia and
provided opportunity for further
observation of monther-calf
interactions. The ultrasonographer for
the trip was Dr. Robin Radcliffe of
Fossil Rim'Wildlife Center, assisted by -
Dr. Rolfe Radcliffe, veterinary equine
surgeon of the University of
Nine tapirs were immobilized,
several collars were changed, and two
offspring of collared females were old
enough to receive collars. In addition
to ultrasound and dental impressions,
the usual round of samples were taken:
blood, feces, skin, hair and ticks.
Sonia reports very positively on
working with the British film team,

page 6 /Tapircaserwvaon, Newsletter of the IUCNSSC Tapir Specialst Group Edto: Sharon Matola, RO. Box 1787, Belize y, Belize E-mal:

Imago Films, commissioned by
National Geographic to film an
environmental series on a number of
different species for television.
Excellent footage was obtained of
tapirs and numerous other animals,
and a flyover provided evidence of
how the land dries and deteriorates
when forest is allowed to be cleared
(contrasting the park with the areajust
outside). Besides shooting in
Corcovado, the team also filmed at La
Marina Zoo just north of SanJose.
Here they were able to get close-ups of
tapirs in a semi-natural environment
that included a large pool.
Baird's tapir posters donated by
Rick Barongi were distributed by the
Foersters along with a conservation
message in Spanish. The Foersters'
new field assistants, Khanaki Caballero
and Ricardo Rodriguez are Guaymy
Indians who live on a reservation on
the Panamanian border. Khanaki has
expressed a great interest in educating
the public about tapirs. He says with
dismay that the children on the
reservation do not know what tapirs
are. He is interested in writing a
children's book on the subject, and
both Rolfe Radcliffe and Sonia
Foerster have committed to helping
with this. Funds are being sought.
Objectives for the continuation of
the Baird's Tapir Project include
developing a way to attach transmitters
to young tapirs (one month old),
returning in June to loosen the collars
of the two juveniles if needed,
continuing to work with a geneticist
on DNA analysis, processing
bloodwork and other samples,
attempting fecal steroid assay for
pregnancy determination, and creating
and publishing a children's book on
tapirs in Spanish. The next group of
animals that will need collar changes
will be immobilized in spring of 2000.
The Foersters report some
disturbing observations involving
ecotourism. This can be seen in the
greatly increased size of the town of
Puerto Jimenez, the largest town near
the research site. At the site itself;
changes were noted. Sonia reports:
"The Sirena Station... now has solar
panels providing electricity most of the
day. They also finished the

construction of the new buildings
meant to accommodate more tourists,
researchers and school groups.... The
new accommodations are very
comfortable; however, it is
contradictory to see so much money
go into new buildings when a recent
budget cut left them with only one
park guard, a cook and two volunteers
to care for the entire station. To me
this translates to the fact that the park
guards are so busy catering to the
needs of tourists, making sure
bathrooms are clean and meals are
provided, that they cannot possibly
patrol the surrounding areas."

Charles and Sonia Farster
Bairds Tapir Project
1511-1/2 Slauerille Road
Idica, NY 14850 USA

Mathias Tobler studies
Baird's tapir in montane
cloud forests

Swiss student, Mathias Tobler, is in
Costa Rica pursuing a study of Baird's
tapir. In the next few months he hopes
to learn more about the habitat use of
T bairdii in montane cloudforests at
elevations between 2600 and 3200 m.
From the field he took part in a
discussion on Tapir Talk, requesting
information to further his study. He
also replied to a question posed on
Tapir Talk regarding elevations at
which Baird's tapir has been found.
Tobler has personally encountered
tracks and feces up to an elevation of
3300 m. in the Mount Chirip6 area.
"Some of the local people in Villa Mills
told me that they have seen tracks and
feces at higher elevations in the
paramo." Naranjo and Vughan
encountered tracks at 3620m.

Mathias Tller
toblm@em zinfo.tetrch

BWts tapir (Tqp* htardl)

See report under "From Captivity."

South America

Barts tapir (Trusb aird)
Lowand tapir (Tpirus trrss)
Moutain tapir (TkrsT pihaqe)

Footprint investigation

An expedition into the Farallones has
been postponed until July or August
due to the exceptionally heavy rains.
Emilio Constantino reports that La
Nifia has produced the wettest season
in several decades. In ajoint project
with the Tapir Preservation Fund,
Emilio will lead an expedition into the
Farallones to make casts of tapir
footprints, hoping that they might be
identified by a comparison with the
prints of animals whose species is
This project also hopes to establish a
footprint bank with the goal of helping
researchers identify prints in areas
where more than one tapir species may
exist or where it is not known which
species inhabits the area. We hope that
differences observed in the feet of tapirs
will be observable as noticeable
differences in the tracks.

Emili Constantino
National Network of Private Reres ofthe
Civilian Society

Sherl Todd
TapirPresenation Fund

Tapir Coservawo, Newsltler of the IUCWSSC Tapir Specialist Group Edtor: Sharon Matola, RO. Box 1787, Belize C, Belize E-mail: / page 7

LoulS tapi (apins ta r lestr s

Tapirs studied in forest

While Patricia Medici returns to the
University for a year to obtain her
Masters degree, her study continues in
the Pontal do Paranapanema region of
western Brazil under the guidance of
Laury Cullen. Returning as often as
possible to take part in the work,
Patricia plans to remove the collar
from "Joana," the first tapir to be
captured. The collar will have been in
place for two years in June, 1999.
While the batteries can last up to three
years, Patricia does not want to risk
having tapirs in the field with collars
whose batteries have gone dead. In
addition, she has collected
considerable data over the two years.
Tapirs have been tracked going into
and out of Moro do Diabo State Park,
using the forest fragments outside the
park as "stepping stones."
Additional tapirs will remain in the
study until their two years are up. At
the beginning of May, "Docinho,
another female, was seen with a young
calf. When caught, Docinho was
considered to be the youngest of the
collared animals.

Patrica MedicS
Rua Curvnwo, 132, apto. 812
Bairro Floresta
Belo Hodizonte
Minas Gerai, CEP: 31010-000

Mountain tapir (Tapins pkchaue)
Lowland tapir (Tapine terresis

Craig C. Downer reports

The translocation project in northern
Ecuador is still in progress, and a
report will be made when it is
completed. I am preparing to purchase

fencing materials partially with funds
from TPFs Club Tapir.
Additional activities during recent
weeks have included giving
presentations both in Moran and La
Bonita (three total here). The La
Bonita area is particularly important
for the survival of the mountain tapir
and has some beautiful forests. I am in
touch with a group of young people
here who want to create a reserve and
to conduct ecotourism. This activity
has the potential to gain strongholds
for the tapirs. However, funding is
necessary to secure this area.
At the end of February, I gave two
presentations in Quito and was invited
to give one at the South American
Explorers Club. Talk have also been
given in Sucumbios, Monte Olivo,
and Carchi, where I also had a chance
to show film footage of the tapirs. In
these areas there was no knowledge
that it was illegal to kill the mountain
tapirs, and recent kills were reported.
We even met with the hunters, telling
them it was against the law to hunt this
seriously endangered species.
The political situation has been
quite tense with the currency
devaluating and three political
assassinations. There is worry about
guerrilla infiltration from the
Colombian side and three North
Americans were kidnapped by FARC
just over the border in Colombia.
They were trying to defend the rights
of the U'we Indians.
I have made a nationwide radio
address on the mountain tapir on
Radio Colon recently and am
scheduled to give a major talk in Quito
in mid May, which is now being
publicized. A national TV station also
is intending to cover the translocation

Craig C. Diner
Andran Tapir Fund
PO Box 456
Minden Nevada 89423 USA

Nufiez continues
education programs

Ruben Nufiez reports that in March
and April he initiated a number of
conservation education conferences in
schools, mostly outside of towns on
the borders ofSangay and Llanganates
National Parks. He has also spoken in
the communities of Chin Chin, La
Merced, El Topo, El Placer, Rio Verde,
Machay, Rio Negro, Bilbao,Juive
Grande,Juive Chico, Puela, and
others. Pamphlets about mountain
tapirs are distributed at the talks.Work
continues to help community
members become aware of the value of
maintainingwildlife and habitat while
sustainingthemselves in these
poverty-stricken areas.

Rubin Wfridoe Ndisex Sdischa
Rocafurte 806 yJuan Ledn Mera
Barrio Ecologic 5 dejunio
BafRos, Tungurahua, Ecuador

Lowand tapir (rs treais)
Moimti Utapir (Tapis pinchaque)

Tapiruspinchaque to be

Jessica Amanzo Alcantara, of the
Museo de Historia Natural in Lima, is
undertaking a study to determine how
many Andean tapirs might remain in
the north of Peru. The actual situation
is unknown, and estimates are
outdated. Her study takes place in the
departments of Piura, Cajamarca and
La Libertad, the only places this
species could exist in Peru. The
National Sanctuary ofTabaconas-
Namballe, located in the Dept. of
Cajamarca, maintains the objective of
conservation and protection of this
species, which is under enormous
threat of extinction. However, before
any work can be done, it is necessary
to make a diagnostic study of the tapir

page 8 / Tpir Conservaon, Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group Edilto Sharon Matola, .O. Box 1787, elize City, Belize E-mal: Beldeoo@blLnet

The objectives of this study are:

* To determine the status of the
Andean tapir population in the
Sanctuary and in the surrounding
* To determine habitat availability
and quality,
a To determine threats to this species.

To reach these objectives the following
materials and methods will be used:

* Tracks: morphometric
measurements, to estimate the
population size.
* Habitat analysis, to learn
preferences of habitat features.
* Aerial photographs to determine
habitat availability
* Interview local people.

The present study will gather
information about the status of this
species past and present, and will
develop an environmental education
program for the region's inhabitants.
The project is partially funded by
INRENA (National Institute of
Natural Resources, Peru). The first
period of the project begins in May

Jessiu AmanaoAlcantara
Departamento de Masozodlegia
Museo de Historia Natural
AR 14-0434
Lima 14, P1u

Southeast Asia

Malayan tpir (Taplhs htlc)

Camera-trapping reveals
the status of Malayan
tapirs in southern
Thailand rainforest

by Tony Lynam

Despite a plethora of studies of tapirs
in Latin America, there is virtually no
published information on the current
status of Malayan tapirs (Tapinu
indicur) in Southeast Asia. Existing
databases provide only basic
information on the known or expected
occurrence of tapirs in protected areas,
but not of distributions within these
areas (e.g. MASS wildlife database for
Thailand housed at Mahidol
University). Interview surveys of
forest guards and local people can
point to specific areas where tapirs are
present in remnant habitats. However,
to gain detailed information on tapir
abundance and habitat use, and threats
to their survival, other methods are
Camera-trapping has offered one
timely solution to this problem.
Camera-traps have been used for
recording wildlife since the early
1900's (Shiras 1906) and were actually
used to document tapirs on Barro
Colorado Island in the 1920's
(Chapman 1927). In their most
advanced form, wildlife moving on
forest trails take their own flash
photographs when they trigger
infrared beams linked to automatic
cameras (Wilson et al. 1996). The
camera-traps are a camera and infrared
device housed in a weatherproof
housing. The units are secured to
trees with bicycle locks, thus ensuring
against loss or damage by over-curious
humans. Despite the availability of
this technology for over 10 years, only

recently have camera-traps been used
to systematically census wildlife
populations. In the 1990's camera-traps
were used to monitor levels of wildlife
and human traffic in Sumatran
rainforests (Griffiths and Schaik 1993)
and to census tiger populations in
India (Karanth 1998).
In Thailand, tapirs are one of fifteen
species considered endangered by
wildlife law (Royal Forest Department,
1992). Two recent ongoing studies are
helping to rectify the paucity of
information on tapirs in the country.
In 1997, the Wildlife Conservation
Society and Thailand's Royal Forestry
Department embarked on an
ambitious field program aimed at
gaining information on large mamrmls
in rainforest fragments via camera-
trapping. Surveys of forests along the
Thai-Malaysia border revealed that
tapirs ranged from lowland valleys less
than 200mASL to high mountain
peaks above 1,40rnASL Tapirs
occurred in forests recently disturbed
by logging as well as primary unlogged
rainforest. Tapirs coexist in the area
with tiger, elephant, gaur and
indigenous tribal people known locally
as the Sakai orJahai people.
Balahala is the local name given to
the forests in the survey area. There
are two parts to this forest; Hala is an
extensive forest area of over 1,100
square kilometres which is contiguous
with over 3,000 square kilometres of
habitat in northern Malaysia. The
second area, called Bala, is a 160 square
kilometre fragment which is tenuously
connected to the larger area via a fringe
of vegetation on the border. Strangely
enough tapirs appear to be at least as
common in the Bala forest as they are
inthe larger Hala forest. At Bala,
camera-traps recorded tapirs rnovingas
pairs or single individuals. In one
sequence of 11 photographs, a mother
and young tapir lay down in front of
the camera as the young suckled milk
from its mother.
Camera-trap photographs of tapirs
in the smaller Bala forest show animals
with deep scarring, apparently not
from hunting by humans but instead
from attacks by tigers. Some
individuals can even be identified in a
series of photographs by their scarring

Tapir Caservalon, Newsletter of he IUCN/SSC Tapr Specialist Group Edtor Sharon Maola, RO. Box 1787, Belize City, Beliz E-mal: / page 9

Malayan tapirs (Tapirus indicus) top, and igers are caught by the camera in Thailand. Both of
the above photos were supplied by Tony Lynam, Associate Consertion Ecologist with Wildlife
Consvation Society New York.

patterns. How do tapirs use the
available habitat at Bala and how might
they avoid predators and human
disturbance? In a follow-up to the
camera-trapping study, Mr Suwat
Kaewsirisuk, Chief of the Royal Forest
Department's Halabala Wildlife
Sanctuary (the area was gazetted
before officials realized they had got
the name backwards!) is looking at
how tapirs utilize different habitat
types, including forest edges at roads
and areas cleared for agricultural
around the sanctuary. Tapirs tend not
to follow predictable routes of travel so

instead of using camera-traps along
established trails to monitor tapirs,
transects are established away from
forest edges, and tapir sign (tracks and
dung) is recorded along the transects.
The encounter rate of sign along the
transects provides information on
habitat use, and suggests which areas
tapirs might be avoiding.
Both simple and technologically
advanced methods of survey can each
provide different but complementary
information on the status and
distribution of tapirs in habitat
remnants across their range. The

ongoing studies of tapirs in southern
Thailand described here are one
attempt at filling in the gaps in
information. Clearly there is a need
for longer-term ecological studies of
this endangered species in the region.

1. Chapman, F.M. (1927). "Who Treads
Our Trails." Nateind Ceograpli 52(3): 331-
2. Griffiths, M. and C. R v. Schaik
(1993). "Camera-trapping: a new tool for
the study of elusive rain forest animals."
TropicdBiodwrsity 1(2): 131-135.
3. Karanth, K U., andJ.D. Nichols
(1998). "Estimation of tiger densities in
India using photographic captures and
recaptures." Ecology 79(8): 2852-2862.
4. Royal Forest Department (1992) Wild
Animal Reservation and Protection Act
5. Shirs, G. (1906). "Photographing
Wild Game with Flashlight and Camera."
National Geographic 17: 367-423.
6. Wilson, D. E., E R. Cole, et al.
(1996.). Measuring and monitoring biologird
diwrsity; standard metds for mammals.
Washington D.C. USA, Smithsonian
Institution Press.

AntonyJ. Lynam PhD
Aociate Conservation Eclogist
Wddlife Conservation Society
PO. Box 170
Laksi, Bangkok
Thailand 10210
Tel/Fax +66-2-574-0683

Malayan tapir (Trawus I~kis)

Photo-trapping in Sumatra

The photo (next page) shows one of
our phototrap pictures of a wild
Malayan tapir taken in the forests of
Sumatra. I am currently sorting
through all the tapir images we have
trying to identify individuals. This is
usually impossible to do with any great
accuracy because the only diagnostics
are scars or wounds. These eventually
heal or things are confused by new
wounds. One useful diagnostic is
damage to the ear. This seems a
common injury, but whether tom by

page 10 / Tapir Consevaion, Newsletter of the IUC/SSC Tapir Specialist Group Editor: Sharon Mola, P.O. Box 1787, Belze Ciy, Belize E-mail: BellzeZoo@bl.nel

thorns or rattan or by aggression
between rival tapir we have no idea.
This photo shows an individual
with both ear damage and one blind
eye. It's unfortunate for the tapir but
useful for me when it comes to
identifying him in later photographs.
This particular animal was living
mostly in buffer forest comprising
stands of old rubber trees and
regrowth. At the time this picture was
taken he had a mate with an almost-
adult calf.

Jeremy Holden
Fauna and Flora International
PO Box 42, Kantor Pas
Sungai Plnuh, Kednci
Jambi 13007, Sumatra

Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus) on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. This photo was taken by
a camera-trap set byJeremyHolden ofFauna and Flora International. Sca on tapirs help to
identify individual.


Panama: A

history of tapirs

in captivity


by Rick Barongi

No other country outside of the U.S.
has more Baird's tapirs in captivity
than the Republic of Panama.
Presently there are 15 (eight males and
seven females). More encouraging is
that six of these animals were born in
captivity On a global perspective
almost one quarter (23%) of all the
Baird's tapirs in captivity reside in
When I first visited Panama in 1990
there were only eight tapirs in captivity
and no managed breeding program.

The AZA Tapir TAG (Taxon Advisory
Group) first got involved with tapirs in
Panama in 1990. It began with a
request for aid to five starving tapirs at
the private estate of the recently
deposed General Noriega. Noriega
had a private zoo on the grounds of his
ranch (called La Escondida) just
outside of David in Northern Panama.
When he was removed from the
country in December 1989 the
animals became 'victims of war." With
no way to pay the workers, the animals
starved or subsisted on the sporadic
charity of local neighbors.
In October, 1990, I visited La
Escondida and provided temporary aid
in the form of food and money My
trip was paid for by the San Diego
Zoo. Most of the animals at Noriega's
zoo had already died or were stolen or
escaped, but the five tapirs were still
there. One of the tapirs was just five
months old, being born at La
Escondida. He was able to survive by

squeezing through the gate of his pen
and eating fallen fruits and leaves from
a near by orchard. He would return to
his mother, who by this time was too
malnourished to provide adequate
In order to attract more attention
and assistance for these animals they
were given individual names. The
oldest male was named Noriega,
despite having a far gentler disposition
than his namesake. The others males
were named Bravo and Santana after
some American special forces units.
The mother and calf were named
Monica and San Diego. The local
community suggested San Diego in
honor of the help provided by the zoo.
A complete story of the Noriega tapirs
can be found in the August 1992 issue
of the San Diego Zoo magazine,

Since 1990, members ofthe AZA Tapir
TAG have managed to visit Panama at

Tapir Conservatc Newsletter of the IUCNSSC Tapi Specialist Group Editor Sharon Matola, RO. Box 1787, Bele City, Belize E-mall: / page 11

least once a year. In 1992 we took a
team of tapir experts and veterinarians
to Panama to perform immobilizations
and physical on all the tapirs. We also
implanted transponders (identification
micro chips) under their skin. In 1993,
the Noriega tapirs were moved to a
private zoo (El Nispero) in El Valle,
two hours north of Panama City. In
1994 we conducted a one week
conservation workshop for tapirs and
other wildlife in Pamana. Over 20
biologists and conservationists from
Panama participated. The result was a
comprehensive PHVA (Populations
Habitat Viability Analysis) document
in Spanish. At that time, Panama was
the only range country that had an
official published plan for the future
conservation of the Baird's tapir in the
wild and in captivity.
Presently, there are three facilities in
Panama that hold and breed tapirs, two
public zoos and one private facility.
One of these zoos is the Summit Zoo
just outside of Panama City in the
Canal Zone. This is a beautifully
landscaped zoo that is also a botanical
garden. It is about 60 acres, but
connects to Soberania National Park.
They have had three healthy tapir
calves born at the Summit but are
prevented from breeding more due to
lack of exhibit space. The next project
is a new tapir exhibit and breeding
complex. The facility has been
designed and the location selected.
Construction will begin when
sufficient funds have been acquired.

Challenges for the future
While there have been many
improvements for the captive tapirs in
Panama, there still remain some long-
term challenges. The three facilities
don't always agree on exchanging
animals, so the best pairings are not
always possible. More significant is the
reluctance by Panamanian officials to
export captive-bom tapirs to other
recognized breeding programs. The
Baird's tapir is an endangered species
and on Appendix I of CITES
(Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species). There is some
confusion as to the different
designations for a wild caught tapir

and one born in captivity. Captive-
born animals are much easier to
export, as their removal is not
detrimental to the wild population.
A bigger problem is, how do you
reimburse a zoo that sends their tapir
to another country without it looking
like a commercial transaction? This
problem has been successfully dealt
with in other species such as the black
rhinos and white rhinos of South
Africa. In these cases, the animals are
exchanged with the agreement that a
certain sum of money is then donated
to the owner zoo or conservation
organization, with the expressed
written consent that all the funds are
used for the in situ conservation of the
species. There is no dealer or
middleman involved, and all of the
revenue goes to help the species. The
species essentially generates its own
revenue through captive breeding and
export of surplus animals.
Until we can find a way to convince
the Panamanian authorities to allow a
few captive tapirs out of the country,
there will be no incentive for facilities
in Panama to keep breeding. The
Summit Zoo has already separated all
of its breeding pairs to prevent more
Reintroduction programs could
provide an outlet, but Panama is a long
way from developing a secure place for
reintroductions. So, we have a Catch-
22 problem of not being able to export
captive-born tapirs from Panama until
we can provide funds for conservation
programs in Panama. These funds, of
course, would be much easier to
secure if they were in exchange for
captive-bom tapirs from overcrowded
zoos in Panama.

Next steps
Panamanian authorities are working
with us to resolve this problem.
ANAM (National Environmental
Authority of Panama) has drafted a
proposal that would provide for a
special agreement with the AZA TIpir
TAG to assist in the development of a
comprehensive conservation,
education, training and captive
reproduction project. The challenge
will be to raise funds for this proposal

without using surplus captive animals
as ambassadors to generate revenue for
the species.
Our long-term relationship and
commitment to Panama, its people and
wildlife, should help us to resolve this
dilemma. There is little time left for
debate, as time is running out for one
of the most endangered mammals in
Central America.

What you can do
Despite being the largest land mammal
in the Neotropics, tapirs are still one of
the least known large mammals in the
world. A first step is to make people
aware of tapirs, and their highly
endangered status. The most effective
communication mechanism to date is
the tapir web site created by Sheryl
Todd at
There is also an IUCN/SSC Tapir
Action Plan for global conservation
and numerous articles on tapirs in
zoos and in the wild. The Tapir TAG
compiled a tapir bibliography with
over 200 references on tapirs. In recent
years this has been expanded to over
500 references and is available on the
TIpir Gallery web site.
Tapirs are fascinating creatures and
their babies are as cute as any newborn
in the animal world. It would be a
great tragedy of humanity if we let this
species disappear forever. This can be
prevented by supporting local and
international programs and joining the
Tapir Preservation Fund's Club Tapir
program (also found on the web site).
Another way to support tapirs is to buy
a Baird's tapir poster (article on page
4). This beautiful painting of a mother
and calf in a forest stream was donated
by a very talented Disney Imagineer.
All the funds for the posters go into a
Tapir TAG account and will be used to
support tapir conservation and
education in Central America. For
tapir poster information contact Rick
Barongi (see info at the end of this

This report and all the asiusance given to
Panama would not have been posibl
without the asissance o following zoos
and conservation organic ons: San Diego
Zoo, WCS/Prspectlark Zoo, Disny's

page 12 / Tapir Conservaan, Newsleter of the IUCN/SSC Tpir Specialst Group Edior Sharon Matola, PO. Box 1787, Bele City, Belize E-mal: BellaZ

Animal IGngdom, Audubon Zoo, Lincoln
Park Zoo, Miami Metroo, Guatemala
City Zoo, Belize Zoo, PJArchitecs, and
CBSG (Conservation Breeding Specialist

Rick Barongi
Disne'sAnimal Kingdom
PO. Box 10,000
Lake Buena VIsta, FL 32830
Fax: (407) 9390-6386

Orphaned tapir

Both Rick Barongi and the Foersters
have informed us that a young male T.
bairdii is being hand-reared in the office
of Simon Bolivar Zoo in San Jose,
Costa Rica. At last report, "Toto" (a
local Indian name meaning "soft,") was
doing very well, and was charming staff
and visitors alike. Rick noted that the
infant tapir looked very healthy and
was eating well. Toto's mother was shot
by a hunters in a national park, and the
baby was brought to the zoo after being
confiscated. Toto arrived at the zoo at
the end of April, 1999, at the age of 5-6

The Tapirs of La


by Rick Barong

There is a small zoo in northern Costa
Rica that is home to the largest group
ofBaird's tapirs in the world. I have
visited the La Marina Zoo three times
in the past 18 months and am always
amazed at what they have
accomplished for one of the most
endangered mammals in Central
The La Marina Zoo is just outside
the city of San Carlos, about two hours'
drive from the capital, SanJos6.
The zoo presently has eight tapirs
(four males and four females). Of

these eight animals, five have been
born there since 1996. They all have
names and are personal pets of the
owner, Dofia Elba. Every tapir is very
gentle and will roll over on their sides
as soon as you start to scratch their
flanks or belly.
While all the tapirs at La Marina
receive excellent care, La Marina is a
private zoo that is always in need of
funds to improve its exhibits. With
their incredible breeding success, they
will need more space for all of the
tapirs. A donation to La Marina will
allow them to keep breeding tapirs so
that these animals can be used to
diversify the captive gene pool and
maybe one day participate in a
reintroduction project.

Studbook news

Tapirus bairdii

The Baird's Tapir International
Studbook has moved from the Los
Angeles Zoo to the Virginia Zoological
Park, Norfolk, Virginia, where Joe
Roman is beginning to work on
updates. The newly-approved
studbook keeper replaces Mike Crotty
who passed away in 1997.

Joe Roman

Tapirus terrestris

Don Goffat Beardsley Zoo has begun
putting together a regional studbook
for the lowland tapir in North
America. This will be a huge project,
as the book is at least five years out of

Don Goff
Beardsley Zoo
1875 Noble Avenu
Bridgeport CT 06610-1600
Fax: (203) 394-6566

"Too," the baby Bairds tapir onficated
from a hunter, is bottl-fed at Simon Bolivar
Zoo in Costa Rica. Photo by Rick Barongi.

TAG news

The AZATapir TAG is composed ofa
Steering Committee of nine members,
all from AZA accredited institutions.
The members, who have just been
elected, are: Rick Barongi, Disney's
Animal Kingdom (Chair); Lewis
Greene, Wildlife Conservation Society
(Vice Chair); John Camio, Metro
Toronto Zoo; Mike Dee, Los Angeles
Zoo; Elizabeth Frank, Milwaukee
Zoo; Carmi Penny, San Diego Zoo;
Alan Shoemaker, Riverbanks Zoo;
Alan Sironen, Cleveland Metroparks
Zoo; and Diana Weinhardt, Houston
Zoo. Dr. Donald Janssen, San Diego
Zoo, is the Veterinary Advisor.
Additional advisors are Sharon Matola,
Belize Zoo; Bruce Read, Disney's
Animal Kingdom; and Sheryl Todd,
Tapir Preservation Fund.
Sharon Matola and Sheryl Todd,
both officers in the IUCN/SSC Tapir
Specialist Group, have been asked to
help define the role of the TAG in
international conservation programs.
Sian Waters has resumed the
position of Chair of the 'lpir TAG in
Europe. She is now Curator of
Mammals at the Rome Zoo. Her e-
mail is:

Tapir Conserva#mn, Newslettr of the IUCN/SSC Tailr Spedalist Group Editor: Sharon Matoa, RO. Box 1787, Beize City, Belize E-mail: / page 13

Tapir Specialist


1997-1999 Tiennium

Chair: Sharon Matola, Belize
Deputy Chair: Sheryl Todd, USA

Silvia Chalukian
Bynnon 2848,1846 Jose Marmol
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Sharon Matola, Chair, TSG
Director, Belize Zoo and
Tropical Education Center
PO. Box 1787, Belize City, Belize
Ph 501-081-3004, Fax 501-081-3004

Patricia Medici
IP Ecological Research Institute
Rua Curvelo, 132, apto. 812
Barrio Floresta, Belo Horizonte
Minas Gerais, CEP: 31010-000
Fiblo Olmos
Av dos Imigrantes S/N
Porto Velho, RO, Brasil 78903-900

Jacqueline Carmona Echeverria
Lab. Ec. Veg., Depto de Ciencias Bio.
Universidad de los Andes
Carrera 1 No 18A-70, Bogoti, Colombia
Olga Lucia Montenegro
285-2 Corry Village
Gainesville, Florida 32603 USA
Diego Lizcano
Lab. Ec. Veg., Depto de Ciencias Bio.
Universidad de los Andes
Carrera 1 No 18A-70, Bogotd, Colombia
Heidi Rubio-Torgler
Fundacion Natura, Calle 31 #17-49
A.A. 55402, Bogot, Colombia

Dr. Graham Watkins
Interim Project Implementation Mgr.
Iwokrama International Centre for
Rain Forest Conservation and Dev.
RO. Box 1074, Georgetown, Guyana

Leonel Marineros
Manager, Reserva Biologica El Chile
INADES, Apdo Postal 4160
Comayaguela, Honduras

Neil Franklin
Sumatran Tiger Project
Jeremy Holden and Debbie Martyr
Flora and Fauna International
PO. Box 42
Kantor Pbs, Sungai Penuh Kerinci
Jambi 13007, Sumatra, Indonesia
Way Kambas NP PO Box 190
Metro 34101, Lampung, Indonesia
Ph 62-725-26222, Fax 62-725-44234
Nico Van Strien, PhD
Julianaweg 2 3g41 DM Doom

Jasmi bin Abdul
Director of Research and Wildlife
Conservation, Dept ofWildlife and
National Parks HQ
Km. lOJalan Chers
50664 Kuala Lumpur, Mahysia

Epigmenlo Cruz Aldan
Apdo. PFstal No. 6, c.p. 29000
hxtla Gutidrrez, Chiapas, Mexico
Ignacio March Mifsut
Senior Researcher
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur
Apartado Postal #63
29 290 San Cristobal de las Casas
Chiapas, Mexico
Eduardo J. Naranjo
303 Newins-ZieglerHall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611
Alberto Paas-Garcia
Servicio M6dico eterinario
Afiicam Safari, Africam-Puebla Zoo
11 Oriente 2407
CP 72007, Puebl, Mxico

Budsabong Kanchanasaka
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Research Sta.,
Wildlife Research Div., Royal Forest Dep.
Paholgothin Rd., Bangkok, Thailand
AntonyJ. Lynam, PhD
Wildlife Conservation Society, Thailand
Box 170, Laksi, Bangkok, Thailand 10210

Dr. Chaichaa Satrulee
Director, Technical Department
Dusit Zoo, Bangkok 10300 Thailand

United Slatri
Rick Barongi
Director ofAnimal Programs Development
Disney's Animal Kingdom
.O. Box 10,000
Lake Buena Vista, FL 32830
Fau (407) 9390-6386
Dr. Richard E. Bodmer
315 Grinter Hall, Universityof Florida
Gainesville, FL32611 USA
Mike Dee
Curator of Mammals
Los Angeles Zoo, 5333 Zoo Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90027 USA
CraigC. Downer
President, Andean Tapir Fund
PO. Box 456, Minden, NV 89423 USA
Kevin Flesher
Biotech Center/Foran Hall
Room 135,59 Dudley Road
New Brunswick, NJ 08901 USA
Charles Foerster and Sonia FoPrster
1511-1/2 Slattervilte Rd.
Ithaca, NY 14850 USA
Donald L.Janasen, DVM
Director ofVeerinary Medicine
San Diego Zoo, RO. Box 551
San Diego, CA 92112-0551 USA
Karl Kanz
Senior Vice President/Animal Affirs
Philadelphia Zoological Garden
3400 W Girard Ave.
Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
Morty Ortega, PhD
Assistant Professor
Dept Natural Resources Mg. and Eng.
RO. Box U-87, University ofConnecticut
Storrs, CT 06269-4087 USA
Alan Shoemaker
Curator ofMammals, Riverbanks Zoo
Columbia, SC 29202-1060 USA
Sheryl Todd, Deputy Chair, TSG
President, Tapir Preservation Fund
PO. Box 1432, Palisade, CO 81526 USA
Ph (970) 464-0321, Fax (970) 464-0377

Denis Alexander Torres
Apdo. Postal 210, Merida 5101-A
Edo. Merida, Venezuel

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