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Interview with Pedro Fegueiredo
SATOC (located in the top of the RR Station, )
SATCC, the Southern African Transport and communications Commission
is responsible for coordinating all the SADCO projects in this area.
Its first priority was to tatxHaxa identify buddles of transport links
associated with each port. Although all forms of transport and communica-
tions are included under its jurisdiction, the commission has focused
, most of its attention on rail transport and port connections with 5ea
transport. After the "tr1asport bundles" were identified, the second
t, priority was to increase the amount of cooperation between the different
bodies which administer.- the different parts of each bundle. Finally,
an perhaps most importantly, the Commission has served to coordinate
international Assistance for the rehabilitation of existing transport
S.JATCO itself has very limited funding which is used only for the
staff and office related expenses of the commission Tgh~a The majority
of this funding comes from the Scandinavian Countries. Funding for
the rehabilitation of a specific routes comes from the international
donor community and is channeled directly to the individual countries
invuNed. When a py.ject involved two or more countries, SATOO may
act as a liason between the two, but it is not involved in the rec;tpt
of funds. The primary responsibility of SATOC in the rehabilitation
of transport links in Sadcc is to identify ccItain) s
pra zatxxxxxtaxata[ ansport lines which have a regional importance
and then to determine what needs to be done tx in order to increase
SATOO has not served as a prioritizing agency within the area of trans-
port. All of the projects that SATCC has proposed and which have needed
external funding have received it. Indeed, the usual chain of events
is that Satcc expresses a need and an international agency expresses an
interest in developing a pL ject or a set of projects. At such an early
stage in the completion of projects, all sa2 of equal value in terms
Some of the specific projects that are already underway are:
Nacala Malawi Rail Road
Last week a 6roupc of donors met in Lis.bon to discuss cooperation
,in the rehabilitation of the tracks from the port of Nacala to the
Malawi Border. The :..u. two hundred kilometers fzma nearest to the port
are -.in the worst condition and are to be rebuilt as soon as possible.
Tentatively, the Fortuguese have committed $20 million of export credit
in commercial terms. Canada has also committed $20 million in very
soft loans, while the French have expressed interest, but have not
yet made any commitment. Arrangements have been made for MozambiqiLan
staff to be used in the reconstruction which should reduce the number of
expatriat staff involved, and hence the cdst, while at the same time
providing valuable training experience for the staff. The initial
project will involve the first 200 kilometers from Nacala to the Malawi
rCPAtt border and will take an estimated 2J years. jieconsittuction of .the
is expected to take 5 years. -
Fegueiredo p. 2
Nacala is the major container port in the region and is capable of
serving not only SAD00 but also the Seycelles and Madagascr., The
development of this capacity will require tb=a Nacalanhathe ability
to off-load large ships and to reship that cargo ono' smaller ships
which can more easily use the smaller ports in the region.
The rehabilitate of the port at Beira is the most advanced of
any of the SATCC projects. New boys will arrive in June to replace the
temporary ones which the Netherlands has provided since the earlier ones
were destroyed in an act of sabotage last month. The poy,' 's rehabili-
tation will'begin :fzmBxtkza~axtaxt1axxX with the reinforcement of the
badly corroded foundation and will tap utilize funds provided by the
The mode of operation will also be updated. Currently, Rail cars
pass directly to the ships where they are off loaded. This meads that
the rail car must wait either until the ship arrives or until there is
space next to it before the car can be freed to return to its home area
for another load, Hence, the turn around time for rail cars at the Beira
port is very long.
The new method will off-load rail cars at a warehouse where the good7
will be sorted and then transferred to the ships via tractor trailer.
the major advantage to this system will be a great reduction in the
also increase the flexibility of the port on the quay side, since trucks
and roads are much more adaptable than are x~ta railroads.
Once the renovation is complete, Beira should prove to be a very important
port. Its location is ideal for many of the SADCC countries and
the Mozambiquian and Zimbabwean railroads khax already'1&lot of experience
in cooperation which will be e sential for the future of the port.
(see acts of ~asxtagt a x sabotage)
There is a political, but not an economic justification for the con-
struction of a bridge at this site. The entire problem can be avoided
by crossing the Zambfzi river at victoriaa Alls.
Angola-- Benguela RR
The Benguela rr is working only within Angola, not between it and
Zambia. There are no immediate plans for its repair.
-he rail link is being reworked by the British. no information about
amount of money or ai&o's.
ACTS of Sabotage
the gozambiquian rail roads are bble to repair most acts within 6
hours after they are notified. They monitor the lines sufficiently that
they know when and where the lines are broken. Most acts are vandalism,
not acts of organized sabotage.
- Interview with Fegueiredo p. 3
The RSA has been gradually reducing the amount of tonnage it sends
through the ports of Mozambique, especially Maputo, by about 15% to
20% per annum. In previous years, South A.rican Tonnage has been at
the level of 7 million tonnes pa, while now it has fallen to less that 3
million. The justification for this is political, not economic.