Group Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
Series Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Alternate Title: Citrus packinghouse newsletters
Packing house newsletter
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Indian River Research Education Center
Publisher: Citrus Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Lake Alfred Fla
Lake Alfred Fla
Publication Date: February 1972
Copyright Date: 1965
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Harvesting -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Packing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also issued on the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: No.1 (Sept. 1, 1965)-
Issuing Body: Issued by the Citrus Experiment Station (no. 1-38); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Agricultural Research and Education Center (no. 39-136); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Citrus Research and Education Center (no. 137-189); and the Ft. Pierce (Fla.) Indian River Research and Education Center (no. 190- ).
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 202 (Aug. 1, 2005)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095555
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02430250
lccn - 2006229390

Full Text

ewsletter No. 43 CS-1972-4
February 18, 1972
1100-WFW-Lake Alfred, Florida 33850


Editor: W. F. Wardowski
Harvesting and Handling Section
University of Florida
SIAgricultural Research and Education Center
P. 0. Box 1088
Lake Alfred, Florida 33850


FEB 72

I.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida





*Anyone wishing to receive this newsletter c/org5 A ILA
may send a dozen stamped, preaddressed
envelopes to the above address. -E

Newsletter No. 43 CS-1972-4
February 18, 1972
1100-WFW-Lake Alfred, Florida 33850

Harvesting and Handling Section



Origin and Scope.--The Perishables Handling Conference held on the University
of Florida campus, Gainesville, was the first, but probably not the last, such
conference. The meeting culminated several years of discussion and planning including a
preliminary meeting in September, 1970, of an Industry Advisory Committee of packers,
transporters, and receivers.

The conference was national in scope, with 168 registrants from 22 states,
Canada, and the Netherlands. Commodity group meetings (Fresh Fruits & Vegetables,
Flowers & Foliage Plants, Frozen Foods, and Meats & Poultry) were interspersed
with general sessions. Vigorous discussion from the floor was the rule in both
general and commodity sessions.

Main Problems.--Any problem associated with fruits and vegetables involves
factors from seed (planting) to feed (use), but we concentrated on those primarily
associated with packaging, transportation, warehousing, and distribution. Caryle
Sherwin, Vice President, Grand Union Company, through excellent slides'and an
outstanding presentation, illustrated some difficulties relating to containers and
labeling. A carton is usually covered with large colorful letters and pictures
advertising the packer and his brand, while it very often lacks a legible indication
of the contents, e.g., variety, size, and count or weight. Mr. Sherwin pointed
out that the supermarket delivery trucks are loaded in the dark early hours of the
morning. The warehousemen and drivers often cannot determine what is in a carton
in order to make the proper store deliveries.

A second handicap to Mr. Sherwin and all other receivers is the lack of
standardization of containers, not only within citrus, but across all produce. A
carton that packs well, ships well, holds up well and uses warehouse cubic space
to good advantage can still be a headache if it does not stack well on a standard
48" x 40" grocery pallet alone or when mixed with containers of apples, carrots,
peaches, beans, potatoes, tomatoes, and yes, even grapes and watermelons. This
is the type of mixed pallet that goes out to individual stores.

The question of how to maintain good quality in all produce was frequently
discussed. Generally, we know what needs to be accomplished, but are unable to
follow through and do the job. Cartons are over-filled (specifically mentioned
as a problem in citrus). Thermostats are set too low or too high or not at all.
Delays detrimental to quality occur in packing, shipping, and unloading. Necessary
precooling is sometimes inadequate or nonexistent. Good quality is good for
everyone--grower, shipper, carrier, receiver, and consumer. The problem that was
not solved at the conference is who will pay for improved methods that benefit
everyone. The obvious answer, that everyone who benefits should contribute to the
investment and ultimately the consumer will pay more for consistent and better
quality, was not reached. Perhaps some small cooperative projects among shipper,

Newsletter No. 43

carrier, and receiver will ultimately grow into large cooperative projects where
the costs of supplying larger volumes of better quality produce can be shared.

Value of the Conference.--The participants, gave a vote of confidence by
organizing another industry planning committee to establish a second Perishables
Handling Conference. We do not know now when or where the conference will meet,
but our advice to citrus shippers is GO' You can gain a great deal of information
and you will use (not lose) only a few days.

Many of those attending sat down for the first time in the same room and
discussed mutual problems. Many people were surprised to find that numerous
difficulties in handling grapefruit, beef, and frozen foods are identical. But
one question was heard too often--Where are your citrus shippers?

Further Information.--A proceedings including formal presentations and much
of the floor discussion is being prepared. Registered participants will receive
a copy of the proceedings. For others, it will be for sale and will be listed
as available in Packinghouse Newsletter.

W. Wardowski
Extension Service
W. Grierson


The Eleventh Annual Packinghouse Day is scheduled Wednesday, September 27,
1972, at the Agricultural Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred. Suggested
speakers and/or topics are welcome at this time as the program is now being planned.
The Packinghouse Newsletter will supply additional details in a later issue. Mark
your calendar now to reserve the whole day, Wednesday, September 27, 1972.



Lima, Peru is the site for the 20th Annual Meeting of the Tropical Region,
American Society for Horticultural Science, August 13-19, 1972.

Now is the time to indicate your intentions to attend and submit titles of
proposed papers. A preliminary registration form may be requested from:
Dr. T. T. Hatton, Jr.
2120 Camden Road
Orlando, Florida 32803


February 18, 1972

Newsletter No. 43 -3- February 18, 1972


The Secretary of Commerce recently transmitted to Congress the Report of the
U.S. Metric Study, which was conducted over a 3-year period by the National
Bureau of Standards. The essence of the Report, which is titled A Metric America,
is that the United States should convert to the metric system through a government-
backed, coordinated national program over a 10-year period.

The Secretary of Commerce agreed with the conclusion of the Report that the
U.S. should convert to the metric system, and recommended:

---That the United States change to the International Metric System deliberately
and carefully;
---That this be done through a coordinated national program;
---That the Congress assign the responsibility for guiding the change, and
anticipating the kinds of special problems described in the report, to a
central coordinating body responsive to all sectors of our society;
---That within this guiding framework, detailed plans and timetables be worked
out by these sectors themselves;
---That early priority be given to educating every American schoolchild and
the public at large to think in metric terms;
---That immediate steps be taken by the Congress to foster U.S. participation
in international standards activities;
---That in order to encourage efficiency and minimize the overall costs
society, the general rule should be that any changeover costs shall "lie
where they fall";
---That the Congress, after deciding on a plan for the nation, establish a
target date ten years ahead, by which time the U.S. will have become pre-
dominately, though not exclusively, metric;
---That there be a firm government commitment to this goal.

PPMA Report
September 1, 1971

Newsletter No. 43


Available from Dr. W. Wardowski, Harvesting & Handling Section, Agricultural
Research and Education Center, P. 0. Box 1088, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850.

"Tangerine Handling" by W. Grierson, A. A. McCornack, and F. W. Hayward. Ext.
Circ. 285. May, 1965.

"Practical Measures for Control of Stem-end Rind Breakdown of Oranges" by
A. A. McCornack and W. Grierson. Ext. Circ. 286. May, 1965.

The following were presentations at the Fresh Fruits and Vegetables commodity
workshop, Perishables Handling Conference, Gainesville, January 9-11, 1972.
The listed costs cover Xerox charges.

"Decay Control in Delivering Perishables" by Dr. Louis Beraha, Pathologist, USDA,
Chicago, Ill. .....$.70.

"Harvesting, Preparation and Packaging Fruits" by Dr. W. Grierson, Professor of
Fruit Crops, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, Fla. .....$.60.

"Equipment and Facilities for Handling and Precooling Vegetables" by Mr. R. K.
Showalter, Professor of Vegetable Crops, University of Florida, Gainesville,
Fla. .....$.50.

"Refrigeration Systems and Loading Patterns" by Mr. W. F. Goddard, Engineer, USDA,
Orlando, Fla. .....$1.00.

February 18, 1972

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