Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block File Duplicate Material
Title: Comment on the Avero Story
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Comment on the Avero Story
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block File Duplicate Material
Physical Description: Research notes
Language: English
Publication Date: 1960
Physical Location:
Box: 8
Divider: Block File Duplicate Material
Folder: Block File Duplicate Material
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
48 King Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Government House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 48 King Street
Coordinates: 29.892465 x -81.313142
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095554
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

SEp 6 c'd

ept. 9, 1960

0--met on the AEgRO STOr-

Theak you for mention and for askinr my opinion.
I think it was a elwar approach to a most saoplioatod
OWbjet, Mate~rflly told. Enjoyed it imnensely.
Spam yoe missed the boat in several places, thru no fault
of your on, however, as I see your study stopped far abort
of its seoelusion
1st. let us olear minor orrer,. May be typograpgieal but
aped errtetion before publication
PAtl ha "'Uraila' as wife of de lita, when it sl JUANA.,
ftJs L a g use "aFeranses" when It should be Ferandte
g erlgsx..Pare 41g. Jb Ouillen instead of ANTONIO,
Iwof.t Glaring mistaJke And one that hit me between the
oyr nrst...
Speaking of houses e, 81 in particular Antonia's "lacest,..
Yei say0...and fald*& to reeever it'.... at ls meet dfiitely

eearituress 1804 I o. 359..
Dea Meanel Castilla and Defla Ratala Permandes, his wife.
the lt(Dea Manuel) with power of attemary for the heirl
of children of Defia Viteriana Gaille(lNrs. Antonie Pernandes)
om is deceased frao Havana, June 3, 1801.
And the 2nd(De6a Rafaela) as dai~t r and heir ef the Senera
Vioterieana 0illea (Fernsader) to aa Creqpo...
.woo.....the lot and walls of a house en St. Gearge
which it is boetaed on the WEST...(meaning lot and walls of
a house on the east aide of the street) and an the EAST the
PMasa of the Castle(Pert) and an the NORTH Dea Praenisee del
G et.., and ea the SOUTI by the heirs of Dea Juan Sanhes...
lot *vt title eao to e....T...une 2 1802, by AMU eof the
wevner and to the heirs of the said atonia de AVERO...
I want e say that Mrs. Maul Castilla was'afaela Pernandes.
daughter of Colomel Antoeioa erm adez and Vbote'oana OGdllen,
and the grand-daughter of Antoaia de Aver, whe was Vioteriana's


hwl1ma-s 1M5 b. 180...
Mn .a @stOlls to t Mare ilf ma totr iole ot
AUtlWA WD AVMl o J w0A MW3US do OCA.,.

Srn1 .Msom a t. "o r Stw str, hk is the WET bI my.
::=l-igUt ot amB as.aU aBssT.l3.4 tam aid htast "* *t*X*
lMlrp Maam frt^Nag *we6s Tot I" a- 91 ynard4 XWI
AM *eSmnt t a estate rt olye M was d lmluoe sw
in no vus bgt of Uwes teis 6I t Goles ve

*M3 tm is us muno imt tmi of this...
.IiM, lMi s AA AVMh arwloe *ipwtm do 20ltas...s hfa
r d ile am * ll R MAsoUCA ... This eld
t., shase maem titn RAoISCO RUIZo Adel
mall nMt AWMIA 4 ATIm lieM la It M ew rg e. ma=t
9mbhe i meo a t hes sslteP JUAWA...
amm fAIt AL. Sp awa In 17i..AI ewe are liaig ma lft
at e I' lyr....
%aO a 1798 Wth a rawe r ...W or rs. If lllta
sensFlIr ate-e Pramst -e 4c1k caw am s B s ia
as stemeai4ast e amesa....oo

NIA...weswes tseaMIy ft AMr AMIeA #a ATM%
bse mon so"s p~gmgnse e' am...
mi-6Mt-. .1a O&mb) w"am maet die' tila Wl(rs.

a ie0Ase at a setttemBet of Ow *tat& 61 O, .at. 1s to
Sit atala*e pmNee e sdte Wit per(e ysa) ft
wtaft Amoseft do AV"*- Ifme*t-ag lwMpeMe, MUMa re
lot ftUyv *saemUb emly #r att~-kle to the tftrmm
ta a.m, n steUm...
i t, bon T~u avtele wmo. Pms bly I wi1
n"o -.mI


Marrpied in 1672 to te A omastacio is Y4rr

MARIA 4* PE"ALiSAp b, 16759 possible lot part of' yearv Jane

Jacepha do barn 1675.9 pessiBly end ofp yeap Dec.

S ftar z others

Se r4~ e C, .eneeerl~;lbX e~(WGCb L

Parents Juan to Harper& ftpheml~a &a Cabrera. married 1645

Herrera was a Mar inor nat ive of' Sewfl lsq SpaIn.
Sem of France sco doHerrera and Elvire Omes,

Fftfoua to Cabrera was dau hter of' Goenionu do
Cabrera and Juana do Say1 ilose ,,
G-eracle we of' Riavanav Jue Savailoe was a native

Therewas jiiftt oft*SAVALToS fud1'j Trom 1594 thru 1826o

Jua d Sa'vallas an& Lain& Mele~anes were parents in 159711
of a boyo Josef' do Savaelloe0 tand I"of ta boys DiegoQe

Either one could have boon the father of' Jusna do Savalles.
Ut and when I hit Ito I Will *e*" to you,

zop Kris, Arnade Is wuo
bttter and yoiu are situated
b7 nowoo,


Flo *7 F.
I- a~~-



John R, Dunkle

August 25, 1960

This report is made at the request of Mr. Earle Newton

August 20, 1960. This report follows a report made by Dr. Charles

Arnade entitled "The Averos Story; an early St. Augustine Family

with many Daughters and many Houses." This report was received by

me August 20, 1960.

The problem, as posed by Mr. Newton, was to locate the

Avero complex houses as specified by Dr. Arnade and indicated on the

Puente map of 1763. This location analysis results from work accom-

plished in approximately two and one-half days. The pressure of

other activities necessary to complete work prior to termination of

contract August 31st precludes the spending of further time on this

analysis. Briefly the findings are as follows:

The locationsof three houses are definite. The first of

these belonged to Antonia Avero and is No. 68 on the Puente map.

This building was situated on the property immediately south of the

Arrivas house, which property now houses the Museum of Yesterday's

Toys. The second property, located with finality, was the so-called

Arrivas house, Puente No. 67. Restoration work is proceeding on this

house. The third property, located with sur6ty, is that listed by

Puente as No. 81, belonging to Antonia Avero. This property is the

present so-called Saltzar House.

The Alfonsa Avero property, Puente No. 66, lies just north

of the Arrivas House, in roughly the same position as Rocque house 44,

but more probably between the Arrivas house and Rocque house 44.

Archaeological findings by Dr. Smith would indicate the presence of

houses in that area, one of which is probably the Alfonsa Avero house,

Puente No. 66.

The most difficult house to locate is Puente house 64, which

is listed as belonging to Blanco. In terms of map overlays this

house would seem to be No. 5 on the Moncrief map, No. 46 on the Rocque

map, and on lot 25 of the present city map. (See attached overlays).

However, the location of the Blanco property is complicated by the

property assessment which Dr. Arnad& cites in his report.

This Blanco assessment specifies 812 cubic varas of stone

which is equivalent to approximately 7308 cubic feet of stone. This

equals 730 linear feet of wall, one foot thick, ten feet high. This

much material could not have been used on the Blanco property, Puente

No. 64. Thus, it would seem that if the assessment applies to the

Puente 64 area the Blanco house probably must have included more than

shows on the Puente map. At this point certain speculation may be in

order. At the time the Puente map was made the Spanish were facing

the problem of what to do with their property when the English arrived.

Sales of land seem to have been made daily. It is possible that

Puente 65 and Puente 63 also belonged to Blanco and were sold by him

to Carmona and Rivera, respectively. Thus the Cotilla survey may


have included more than shows as Blanco property on the Puente map.
An inspection was made of the Roqque houses 45, 46 and 47, which lie
in the area of the Blanco property. Taken together the total wall

area is 668 linear feet, just shy of the amount indicated by the assess-

ment. Furthermore, the pattern of rooms as listed in the assessment
fits this piece of property fairly well if 45, 46 and 47 of Rocque
are all taken into account as being the Blanco property. However,

as Dr. Arnade pointed out, it is also possible that the assessment

could be applied to Puente house No. 80, which is listed as owned by
Antonio Avero. An analysis of this property indicates that there were
650 linear feet of stone needed, again just shy of the assessment

figure, and that the interior arrangementsbf rooms, as specified by

Rocque, are sufficient in number and disposition to fit the Blanco

assessment. Analysis of this assessment by Mr. Stewart indicates

11 to 15 rooms inspected by Cotillo, the assessor. Thus either the
extended Blanco property (Puente 64) or the Antonia Avera property,

Puente 80, would fit the assessment.
In our further attempt to arrive at the answer to the

question--where was the Blanco property--a title analysis has been
made. (See attached sheets). Blanco property 64 quite clearly is
shown on the Moncrief map of 1765 as the Kipp property, No. 5. This

property, together with that of Rainsford also shown on the Moncrief

map, No. 4, was purchased by Rainsford in 1767. He sold it to Stone
in 1770, who sold it to Cecil in 1783. There is a gap in the informa-
tion but evidently it was sold to Salcedo in 1784. It shows on the

Rocque map, together with Rocque 44, 45 and 46, as belonging to Salcedo.

The Rocque property 46, which stands on the side of Blanco's 64, was

sold to Antonia Ursina in 1791. It is described as being wood and

stone. In time this property was sold to the Catalina Usini in 1815.

However, if this Blanco property is to fit the Blanco assessment, the

property must have included what is shown by Rocque as house No. 47

and listed as owned by Clark. This lies partly on land formerly owned

by Rivera, Puente 63, and Perez, Puente 62. These two properties were

sold to Fish in 1764 and show on the Moncrief map of 1765 as Fish

property. On the Rocque map of 1788 this shows as Clark, a wooden two-

story house. It seems probable that Clark came into possession of this

property between 1765 and 1788. He held this property at least

through the 1800 tax list which lists Clark--a wooden house. It is

reasonable to suppose, that Clark replaced the existing Puente

structures by a structure of similar size. Thus, it is quite possible

that Rivera's stone house, Puente 63, was itself a two-story house,

replaced by Clark by a wooden two-story house in the English mode.

One small piece of evidence which leads one to believe that the

assessment fits Blanco 64, rather than the Antonia Avero No. 80 house,

is the assessment listing of certain outbuildings. The outbuildings

show on the Rocque map in the Rocque 45, 46, 47 area. No outbuild-

ings show in the Rocque house 5 area. However this evidence is not

very positive since outbuildings are not of a permanent nature generally.

Three methods were used in trying to locate the Avero complex


One, overlays were made of maps by Puente, COstello, Solis,

Moncrief, Rocque and the present city map by Poe.
Secondly, attempts were made to fit the Blanco assessment

to possible properties.

Thirdly, a title analysis was made to see if we could tie

the present structures to the Avero beginning. It is in this latter
area that more research needs to be done. Especially we need to know

where Blanco, Carmona and Rivere, Puente 65, 64 and 63, purchased

their property. Further, we need more information during the British

period to get the chain of ownership from Puente up through Rocque.

Attached are the overlay maps, the analyses of the properties, as to

size and arrangement of rooms, and the analyses of title.


1. Puente 66, the Alfonso Avero property, is not extant. It lies

in a vacant lot excavated by Dr. Smith to the north of the present

Arrivas house.

2. Puente 67, the Arrivas property, is now being restored.

3. Puente 68, the Antonia Avero property, is located on the site of
the present Museum of Toys.

4. Puente 81, the Antonia Avero property, lies in the location of

the present Salizar house. The present house is much smaller

than the house as shown on Rocque as No. 5.

5. Blanco house 64 is no longer extant. It should lie in present
lot 25. It may have consisted of several structures, ine

accordance with the pattern shown by Rocque, lots 45, 46 and 47.

If so, the Blanco house extended into present lots 24, 25, 26 and
possibly 27.

Research Prognosis:

The only remaining problem is tying the Blanco assessment

to either property Puente 80 or property Puente 64. It will be im-

possible to do this until such time as records of property title

during the English period are located and analyzed. It will probably

also be necessary to review the change of title just prior to the

Puente maps so as to establish whether Blanco, Puente 64, sold some
of his property to Rivera and Carmona, and possibly to Perez, thus

extending the total Blanco area to the 55 varas specified in the

assessment, for neither Puente 80 or Puente 64 give a front footage

of 5$ varas.
Lack of time on my part precludes further research into this


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