Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Cubo Line - City Gates
Title: [Memo to The Director re: City Gates Area Restoration]
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Memo to The Director re: City Gates Area Restoration
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Cubo Line - City Gates
Physical Description: Correspondence
Language: English
Publication Date: 1937
Physical Location:
Box: 8
Divider: Cubo Line - City Gates
Folder: Cubo Line - City Gates
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
Cubo Line (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
City Gates (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine
Coordinates: 29.897892 x -81.313605
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095515
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Jurze aS, 1987


To: The Director
iFrom Starf
Re: City Gates Area Restoration.
Stdty of City Gates Area
This meLorandua is designed to set forth general
background material and other pertinent facts and aug-
gestions which bear upon the restoration problem of the
Third Defenea Line of St. Augustine, whioh will be, in
effect, St. Augustine's "show window". Restoration of this
important defense unit will mean a definite and obviot s
functional eonnaetion between two outstanding historic
relies, Fort Marion and the City Gates, plus contributory
exhibits that will show tith a ainimun of interpretation
an essential part of St. Augustine history as a Spanish
military outpost. Beyond this se as an exhibit, com-
pletion of the project in the City Oates area will open
the door for a program of restoration, continued as from
a definite point.


The fortification system extending from Fort Marion
west to the San Sebastian River was the innermost of three
defense lines designed to protect the city of St. Augustixn
from land attack on the north. These fortifloations in
their completed form show on maps of St. Augustine after
the middle of the 18th century.
This third line of defense, theline of lines", on-
sieted of palizaded earthen wall. A wide ditch filled with
tidal water lay in front of the wall and on its north
bank was planted Spanish Bayonet. At the north end of St.
George Street a drawbridge was first built, spanning
the diteh and giving aeowis to the gateway.

ag l"ty Osts.400 Ar'ea HOSatIof

rEAsljds the fowttrtlft #deu Outsdts Use Port, tbohw redoubts
or salients~p pvojotd uth frI the pglisjoid WaUj one at
the on$ Ot Cardovw street, whr tho -inth m at mouth m
fOnU Ine WOaterasetod, thio "ine of lines", another a -r"
yard a Wost Of the eMW ot SrrLla SAtreetP asdA thethird neaa
%he SIa Sebsat ian Riveru at the foot or Or="naS Streets* The"
r0d0otabtp wv WwwOoestrmzotod atrt ant reminsyot Ofto th o
Western oflB are Pti2J. to bohE'
The Preount #tons antes, or at leamt the, stets In theft
resent tom, were aemt M. 1804, are ratpveew a
Mintained by thea Nlotiona2l rarf sarv o as & art or Mwt

1t,.;L tie puwohaf Ofr nod s by tbtei Mtd state
tbe OiVL7gateway and defense wan in1tna wIth dra sh~ade
and guads,, amd tI ontor" traveller t0mi6 1 luweR* en*V
jested to the uSual fOmstljty attendant Uponra visit to a
nleld and focrtiied tomn; in 1r39 on'e trhaelr wrote- thus;
"4..*The *look was strioklag tanu so J,roacho the foot of VWe
d;a;bridge i the sentinels were p)ressbfl the.lrto at :r
4grrt~Ans an entrance; hearn anowed the W MiAJr"T7 que0s
tiois,3 te 8WubVI* Was 400lo7were4d. The officer st
the auar4.t h"Wil$ reesive t j nama and wihslei, sent a
t ion to the governor, Who issued orders for my
matediate adtiosion, On opening te V et, s tthe tuard Was
ready, to roeoilve s, and a fie of mat, with: their officer
eovaorted me to his Fxoellenoy ..,'.
fhen st 3 AUMutine o paud 1tt. I United States hWaNs
the tfaoinlItr of the Sato d*?ezaee fell into disuse and ti.
drawbridge fetetUrs "ee allOw to':raUl into disrepairp
TUO town fathears eQentuftllY deOIded to bui3d a pein -
arousing over the old moat, OnA smcotim soon, after 3.8*9
there %W bullt a eausmmy or bwU1A.. ?Uis oausawy
Consisted of two ooirn ins retaining malls with the area in
between rlled with earth to street loe i; ek drainage airoh
planed the *oquiwr walls of the now. bridge near the oftet
of the span# T.titorlcal arerds oshmw repairs to, this aroi
from time to time, a bid having been plaod on oam seeasiosM
f)eoeabez' 29,1848
PrivowU attempts by the fathern to oonstruat the
claudeMay during the late lABvo'b.d been dii ootmged by th4e
military, sinase aootrtiatn Pwh started sonustruat ion wo
were determined to utiizr e stone In the Qates for Vta
purpose. Fortunaten. a aertain tisuteanmttt Har" Brown#
?oSt (11wwtel master, whose wnam ev1ohuld be renxbQered in
history by all who love tot Auguelitll Wftld not soo the
Gates deMolIxsWhe

* erMity Gate Arre ltfstoratioa.

A batl Oeatwy lat their aiy alteramu were ga14 that
them trn t ri~ar es ra 4 f tim as well as vr aal aU *
Et anat bftW stoatd rovwatd re~ t beiait to t~c spWople
anl. omst towArlts until about 1909 by that tim the
liteh east to the Oats bt betn tr 4it at thrre aiteil
as 4tinap probla to mneoeslmtate cMpi4 thu e aphs f a
.thbe aws,,s a so the *etire btg s -a rwe 1606n8 sth
Adteh west t thU Q~tes beOesa a trash tR sant t#h hitAtrio
rnoubt at te I fo at Cotr e street wnt lato the fUl, in
spite o the protest of the St. AuglwtinE Blstoreosl sootety
Is 1909 the 0ioo ISIoi that SW EY Sw m a toesf was
Aoveleopin ad betXtif*t the 00 ow ittte Ia re rtero
reStal t ToMoa the 1*ty gates"* Bmnw ee ttfltn t faU
ia, #e5 6*4 pla t t15 fou uS poasi treeS.t
my photaph at" a ftw tetees a asmi theot
Gates area, ae estant. of tese mater s phtotiaphal
epoeeally are valuable ant depelible so far *s it an
be sBesrtmlndt, the earliest of tbes pebotogrppl date@ tfem
18Ii| other ti na after tIP0 sruffOlet r osho ner 1,
prtant fttwi of the brlIt.*

wh n marheologial work" was start As tr oity Gates
iari by the St. Augimtin Restortlion# the Oal photograph
showlag the site as it appearn fifty or aom ypars
were fit ItuAttle It was kuan that Uthe ar aWo- the
britre b4 beeI tille in deapantiva renit t 111n bU
it not wasnt dw hfthmer US ahs s bken fa oals t
tolittlon o the old stao bridge a af tlA
xava t tton w to s teu a the oIt lo Itea of tb1 Iot
brUil MnA by ueovring ay actual OMstn as o the b rid
to b, otl, to afford an opportuanty for thtb stuagy
fortunatelth t ias Aisiovered that te major portion
tO the bridge ocu eway remains Uder the alstlag$ pawe
megt. Free the starIpomat of ita intital design the saly
amissng portionsM of the bridge stoan e tI eaptag tie
fteomd sort of rail on eittyr Bl.4 of the aueway,
projeostin above the floor level t the t6Oston .
'Th height of the brU i T t rat th. wll of
the city ates as reso to afI ishesii* top te
f the stern arh webS is about lAsy of the entire
a n In 85 feet aM 4 1nehe6 from thr .US 11" "0 rt at
It Mtrig north ofa the aeh has not boe exw & to
the present nasoesty of manttantatg the trafttfi ertlp at
this )oiat.

SoSity Gates Area RestoratlOa.

It is 3et praeteable at ths parent tiM to restorn O
of the old btridM eat met for the rmte that part at th air
sttes toAsy tom important traffIe arteries. It is sugestea
that uatil proi C tan rfo rest truffe *an abe ae. tfeat-
Iost of the sat bidaS exOen no tfarther tha tah poiat
iurmditely north to the arch as idkasted an thw aeeomtpiagsl
pXa our projentea phans fhou i og[l t, hower to trh
utiatse steratm ln ft the 4attr saentW QU ei trld
Whtil the brUiWda m foit by the arsewoto ift to be
unda ntatly lnta the t pltsta of t poae tr t two ftet
ebove the fl or if th WlA bridte hat r eiflteA4 in tir
dolattr o otf otions ao the eeptng wall the brUltger
io reseat yOears Ien a teleph"n oondu i t ow la umderoeuKt
In the ara, a portion of the aest arh of the briUdg as
destroyed in s ankin the cooeult balow street level Prai s
Munt of a gas mtln di further btall damae to the teaintg
of the aroh, Concrete poured ovr portions of the top of
the artoh which Is hblden by the tloor of the bridge wil
strengthen this part of the struftun.t
Im apite ot th s damage the ba M of the brid wl 4
the arsh It thlsoenter. e ee dl tOVet to be *tr etu ly
s0aA, a"at presenting wno oas Us its original O"aItion*
To prrevet further deterit tlon of that pert of the
bridge or esuseway now existlna it will be nolcesry to point
up art of the stone work in the bridt at t o a~t3 a t t
port I of the retaningn wall of the bridge Swhih has safetre
dtruostion oin r nt years* The restorfation of the bridge
soexrting to its original liese will iasmur prrres nation of
the ol0 lsetion of tht bridge fount in planr ot will ser
to ephasiae earlier chaO water of the struetwe* Sino th
City Gates thema"I es ha been weU prewerd thy, with the
bathe will perAi the restoration or th aoro's o aigin
19th century OsaAtion more or lues aompletelyo
As tto t app eranoe whiOh the bridt presented when it
as originally buflts PhotoMhas (See appendix I) the
etUest of whih was an" In 18 who
rsh w ths struetwe ia
rather dilapidated condition, with apparently rough stoer work
ant a very uneven opaing. Fros the apperarene uantlfetet in
these photographs, etire blocks of stone seem to be isosing
ftri t" 0Spiag) severe erosion uneh as appears today atop the
retaining watUs of the glaset at Port Marion Is evid8ent, Study

4-$* Ofty Gftt* Ma Reestomati*

of the esxitit g aanry and An partiwLeru the ston wik of th
arches shows however the haAlnork of a eoapetent atone ma
It would appear that brtd origU ly presented a tflathea
appearance, wheih wa radu afeted by weatherina to the
point shown by the photograph In haBaA
Consequently It is au~areted that restoration of that
portion of the brlg whh a been 4aeolishea o forva ina
lIne with the evidence of finished wra as ahown oa Its exisatsl
portlnsa UoAertatedly afttr a few yars' exposure weatheriag
nil tod to produce again the 4Utapidated and antique aspeet
prinant In extant photographAl
Attention to called to the faot also that their phetoraph
of the sry apanish brItAj are of value in shows tM p W aesl
weep of the.braidB from Its southern ena at the City Oaten to
the north enA whioh opened upon San MBae Avenmt e
Running under the arch of the bridge was a 84 In~h atom
swear pipe. The top of the pipe was 10 inches from the roof of
the aroh. This sootion of the snwer, due to later alteatAen
had beoome useless and dry, end being ans anaobrolan#, weas l

In the pIn the ~old sat la its retaiounhipt to the
brdge has been located and emphasiled to an extent compatible
with the limited area nuo iav liable.
Suggested treatment of the area it show n nth plan
herwith 1(S3e ppesnd II). It is f lt that eoxavation of the
moat site should not be oarriei to its full depth, but only
to a point arove the water table this type of excavation iill
tf ucton "a an educational exhibit ana at the saae tire create
ro sanitary problem, epeoially a mosquito problem. It tlo
hoevr. naesea tO. aelc some provision for solution of the
drainage problem in the bridge area. A ooquins gutter latt at
the base of the retaining walls of the Oauseway in aWh manner
as to oarry water ander the aroh of the saueway where it any
fall to the water table without dlape to causeway or the
Aitoh sloes on either side of the causeway, is thought to be
praeotiable and in character.
AS a temporaay expedient to protect the bridge &an pal vet
a eave*in of earth supporting the streets at the northern litit
of the present developamet, It As proposed to bulld, at the
north ends of the two ditohee, a ooquina retaling wall, easily
remaoed when the rest of the span st exoavteOt
xtist~in anoralies and anaohrontam, especially thewe
eoatgiaoue o the Olty Gates area, anda n some are.are wea
dangerina preosevtin to the monuaets, whou2 be removM X

-4e City GatM ArV RlMt* Mtin.

line with preservation of the ehaeoter of the moat bright,
dith, and City Oatea, it should be borne i&n sai that gerp.
taln arehiteotu i aandiately to the south of the a8te soat
the soat line is decidedly out of character with the
historic monWmnts, anA it oI expected that these builAlags
will be removed
Steps Mhoaat be taken to eliuauate mush haunrts to
preservation oa trar~ Io a mCt Vnsllte suggest tresatat
of the traffic problem is gflIn in the aeeompanyfg plan
(Appendix II). It sboulA be noted that although ta blri4
or osuseway is structurally souni it is of early vintapge
which aoeo not allow the pUsae of heav traffic. It it
believed tlht pedestrian traffic shovd be llowye to
traveTrx th brdlges A City orllnda ept Into operet liU
January 11876, ant believed n t bo sti L effective, pr
hibits any type of vandalism at the City Gatea, with the
o wisa punishable by a fine of #19 or imprisonment for 19
ays It is suggested that a siaiar ordinanc be drafted
to protect the maot bridge.
A park plan, to iual d the brain, the Cates an the
Smot litaes, whieh will isolate adt amphel1se these noIa
antsa iS noeasary. This park wilt be in onfonrity with
the Senerln restoration progr m1 and 11ri serve to seeeo#tte
these fine historloal exhibits, as w ll as to create a feeling
of hamay ant beauty, with this iLdea I mind the p1an is
subamttse (Appendix II). Attention Is drawn t tthe fast
that the pa area itself will be restricted to the uae et
pa8eatrianraexmept for travel en seeodaAry roala although
automobile traffic wrings by in full view. For those person
destirou of obtaining a first hand and lose examination es
the area there should never be danger from arterial
automobile traffiso
Amainistrativ rules should be evolved to protect
this historic areas and redter it highly aooeasible. sinae
it in the historic aid logloal entrawe to an important pert.
of the eity, a special effort should be made at contact
stations to foous the attention of visitor upon this area.
It ias i eoffet, the Mhow window of St. Au st in e aA it
cannot be emphasiae too heavily that here the eharset r
tf the esa should be entirlly tihe hareeter of old -St.

*~* Qtly sfte AM SatenORttFa

so aext step In 4NTX t s oateM amrU
OWN be n tIn 'tot r Of alf to la with rst mauftoa.
At tn Maent tui it t 4AflSalt, flir t1 nmsal Valater
to the uasti at t Je syA relation toie aemt
rot, slne tMhe two e St on m amr the otter. Rn
toramt n o the o at asn4 e( then detps wa betwea rYor
*lad City ats wll Vl ptvapil tad obvious oeasetaia
whteh wLll tell the mto o at the tmt JlIM ot
detfnae sore nearly thain *po l a er otAhe way. A
restoetin ioen ota oI tl4o tt a, A ith1s -at 4
but it t rOaewGta tkt ti aaet be exat t4 en to -
depth whiCh wllr set ematietwt a OStlnae prob&qa
Lor this proposed relstoratan thOe it t e onalblp
adequate ea mtoal at hand in the fora of photoar e a~ m p
arohealogteal aMt hb1statorin nnearh fi*oaif.
TUBis dtefen line has bemn deutbe by ai
S as olaut ing o a wiei aita, bath M an tae alsL th
wrthweoso oor "Ul appoet* a the aity 1t8e by a palje
Bt frated on the aortn *e4O wirth pesais byteaote. Th-

lort ti ou which a sally aIght ibe me t
Arehbfleoeal exaanttos have sham the xast eoeatlte
si rate of the seatlon of ther ost between the Gates a&l
thr ut ot t ae a llth plea). Aris to t hebfn t
th t l at i t e st t re a poiat La
of the Oates to tlti fr thuis spoft, ea w Alt,
*eAtUy a riasge wlpfiat, s eUNa nort1ad 1.t th base
of the gses, sthorn lS to Bp ate slatnmes Bay.
Early aspS (a8 Appenix i) w hc at. Augustiae Swa
are shot dellaeaI the seat a axteSni Ainotre to s
sa rgat ea t.he sr ,A t atr t noart
arm,(*$ 3 190) show dawfig? AvenaA th estotagt

It to the tt a L a

Resatetisn of thias are wtill larin reoomrntruat i t
the mot sat earthea define asm troa et o Gat s t -..


-8.* MYlty Cates Aua R9UtoMt4I.

a detea~raea point near the glaess, at the ama ti theue
will be examtea the 4Sith whiah extemne aroua the Port on
the northern $iA, but explanation of the tunrtion of this,
exhibit will depea upon markers rather tha depth of e4
The present Fort reaeration is praoticaly a olear traot
in those sections Iduak would be aste ete by restoration of
the defense line frma Oity ,Utes to Fort Marin. Then ip,
however, a traffoe artery ey oross the aitt of tbh moat at a
point ImOdiately east of the Oity (Gatea As outlined i the
plan herewrlth, this road beeoom a -seoxary traffic lane, ant the aoet sit* in an ineonapiWouO nIenner by moans of
a gentle dip into the aoot, whith ti* o rswd attigt magl.
It Is necessary to out a small gap in the propose e barthn wall
south of the moat, but it S tfelt that this Step wll detrmwt
little from the exhibit while it does so)Ie a dffi-ult tra t io
probl Incidentally, there is soa historl"al Justitioatito
for the roassing, sino thee existed in the last Oentury a
type of bridge crossing the most at a point east of the dates.
There will be a oonneotion with Orange Street immedietely
south of the defense wall.
Along the .nethwestern boundary of port Marion Reaerw
ovation, it Is planned to develop a parking area, and this
spaee will aid relosetion of the eastern by pals. ThiBs oad,
while it will oros the ditoh at a point loso to the present
road, is yet for eaogmh fwo the Boat bridge to other no
#istreotion, and is touted through the proposed park area
south of the Gates to oonneot directly with Charlotte street,
which will aeoomaodate this secondary treaff l This solution
does not mean that Bay Street, present-.ay arterial trafflo
route, will be closed to traffio, but that use of soenla
Bay Street will be diaeouraged in order to eliminate
anaohronistio traffio and promote the street's use as a
Continuation of development isn the City Gates area is
Lea omended to inolude restoration of that part of the defenam
extending fra the City Gates west to end tinluding the first
redoubt at the foo of GoCadoa street, at the intereeotion f
the western defense lnle with the third (north) defense linae
Data for this restoration are in large measure comparable in
nature and extent to those at hand for other emotions of the
fortifications already disousoue. usti oaetion for this part
of the project lies in the historleal and eduoationaal itporeae
of the central part of the tity defenses etestoration of this
western unit adds neeeasary completeness to the restoration of
the City Gates area. As the ProBident of the St. Augustian
Ristorical soaity wrote to the ST. AiUSTINE WEE~a Y I81 Ifty
1908), ",..On the old map ((167t))now ina lpsassion of the

-- 01764 Gate M HOMt aee Rttwe

,istoriual soeeLty thi bastion ((at oardlov street)) sad the
one at the ost eand Moot which was roaved some t fi ago ae
Staed as *rFetltiatilnas o the Bliese Jesua* .* sa that
this ba tion aepeaents the oldest laadaark of the early
fortilttetison a St, AeugutineLUe"
Hewe, as with the dev1lopenult aet of the Gates a
tratfio problean ost be solved since an arterial hlghwy
orOese the ait.joet the aPgt just Wet of the gates aa
entinueus weat along the south bank. The solution (ll ustrated
In the aeeompacnyin plan) involve e(llnuaStion of this road
Seroes the &oat, with access to St, George, Spanish and
Cordova streets by the eastern bypass. It is felt neoeassry
to take this step not oray because of the or owd condition
present between the moat bridge and the Camteary (oonstruotite
eo this road would probably neasasitate rmovtIA a portion of
the north end of the bridge), but aJI because of t h tU*
patotioality from an ena l nerain standpoint of oroasing the
moat depression with this road at other than a right ansle.
It must be remabered that the Restoration plan means re-
routing arterial tratffl asore the san Mareo trat (north
Of the City Gates) to Rb~briu and Lnla a Streets, so that the
heapytraffio load will be diverted before It resohrs the
City Gatea (see Appendi I I).
Completion of the project in the City Gates area In-
Volves restoration of the entire third lina of defense fr'O
the Cordova. Street Redoubt to the San Sebastian River, and
development of a rk area south of the Oity Gate8 e Zi
connection with the defense line, it should be remembered that
In addition to doeuaentary and eartoeraphioal data, remoatn
of the rcdoubta alonu this biine are at1l 1 discernib2*
-he proposed historical park area eouth of th1 Otty Gates
extends south to cua street, East to (Oarlotte na e wst to
QOerova. Development of this park first neoasestates creation
at a natural area saiilar to that of the Fort Reservatien
with historic streets delineated and marked, several. hisrtodA
houses will remai standing and e4ditional bonuses and aide i
in the o rea ill be restored, so that the visitor entering? hae
City Gates imediately finds himself it the true atirtphe
of old St. Auguatine.

For hundreds of years the 0ity Gate was the ofzietal 3uiiA
entry into the Olty of St. Auguatiane ToVda, no lfs than
they he'e always been, the bridge and Gates nire the loc;ial
entrance to historilal points of interest in the old oity.

-30)" Olty 1ates AMe ReNtora to1a .

m Xt ue vtaimen OVaA pYOSSMt&Les of 06,
Mtone bridgCe, over Oi- uxndred yeurs nla, v113.U lureago th$ .
" hbanes oa thU s ty Gates theasselveu1 the Ifina sl~ 4 OF tim
bridge unit undoubtedly Sidds to the phydiBl stature oat the
Gatos an4 will "how *ova clearly theIr histafial b#ttoati
It wunnmeessiarmy to dwell uVOn the sia1fiftanoe of the ftnsiot
=aot bridge, loca t 14 anhistoio situation of .r o a*%**
staiding ImpoartanOe
The entrance to the Oit$ is a atgrttegio point ftci' which
to start an eduoaticonl restoration pr'opIM. After all, the
problem of underatundinr, the miltuarr desftnse of 'the- t
is exot~ial If the tisitar it- to apprroiaat the story 46;t S*.
Dsta ror r'estoration o the satout bridge over the Oi
moat north tf th Ocity Oates at' reasonatbly adequate, Tkese,
date include the ooumentary history of the areal, aotsUe.
omains or the bridge Itself# and photogaphs wh@h show the-,
struotura as it appared c risarly as the 1810tos. a1te bridge
while Itundnaauta Artatt, hta bozon parltlrI deiaollshed,
innd8 or the make of historical realism its m ginal character
should be restored to a oondItion similar to thatof tbhe
Wall- preserved City Gateui thoseislvo T.110aw1ses*,t he ancient
meot and defoaen line should be rX'.4ewlopoa
The plarlanfor immediately restoration of the moat bridge
and ditch, disamssed In the preo6flin4 textv to set fo rth as
tus most expodiezit and pwaotloml solution of a teaporeaV
problem. 1.Mis exhibit of the old moat bridge in corrxnot
Oontributory relationship to the City aates is the first
definite-' move toward oopleto exciavatiou and restoration or
the bridge and the ultimate restodrtiou of the entire thirt
defense line the fortifiationiO from 1'ort Mtarlon to the
Wizn Sebastien River. None of the auwcpted work l studll #
In the way of this larger project but is intended simp4'v
to wintalI the utmots in attractiVn;ae ; wit thli -SUL
area while the rest of the projected work Is developing*

-1*w Otty ates Aa RtewMattoa.

ApperAnl Qa



~r*.* phoatopapIb Hslmtii t IaWltSnrt@jUtt ts
MoeSt 3rl~dg.I*

Trot Plans Reletin to0 Restoration of Moaet Bridga
ana Defense Lin .
A, Moot BrIdge Restoration
1 Pro-poase Part Plea of Moat P1iBr t O t Gates.
L Proflle Yewr, aest S1de of Coquina Birigd ,
5* Oross Setion of .Coquia Britoe and Trenohes.
B. Bast loat Reetotation.
1 Plan of RxoaaTLtions, city Moat site No* 8, rFort
2. Sketeh Map of Propope Moat Restoration aM
O. Traffic RoZres.
1* Oeteh of Propose Highfty and, Parking Lot ir
ftt Ban NMero Trrat.
Threes arly nap*.
1. 17s7 Arrwodndo Map (ecj~tioa)
2.. 1766 Stork Map# To0 orf 8t- AugltiA inr,
East Florida*
g. 1709 Map of at. Agaustine, Capital ot East
44 1782 Map of St. Augpatir afAt Its Ewvir ows
54 1788 De la Rooque Map (8eotion) of St.
Augguatib r
6. 168" Copy of undated "Plano General dt la
Plaza do Sn. Aggetin."

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