Group Title: News Clippings
Title: Clippings - Railroads, Flagler, and wife.
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
Finding Guide: A Guide to the James Edmundson Ingraham Papers
 Material Information
Title: Clippings - Railroads, Flagler, and wife.
Series Title: News Clippings
Physical Description: Archival
Physical Location:
Box: 1
Folder: Clippings - Railroads, Flagler, and wife.
Subject: Ingraham, James Edmundson, 1850-1924.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095316
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Florida East Coast Railway Is-

sues Last of $5,000,000 .



Prediction of Losing Venture

Turns to.Gross Earning

of $4,181,277,

the report of
a Southeast-
ern railway is not
a particularly ab-
sorbing document
and that of the
Florida East Coast
road is not an ex-
ception to the rule.
But there is one .
paragraph in the
annual Statement
that is of wide in-
terest. It reads: .
"8 at i f a ctory
progress has been
made during the
year on the Key
W~est extension, OFErr Ty
track having been BOERS I l (NYE
-laid for over one-
half the distance between lKnghtb
Key and Key West, and it is expected
that the road will be in operation to
Key West by next January. Pursuant
to a plan for financing the completion
of the Hey West extension, the re-
maining $3,000,000 of authorized capl- ,
tal stock of the company ($5,000,)000.
was issued and disposed of at par in,
payment for advances made in con-
nection with the extension."
This has reference to the series of lopg
bridges buit In the ocea tm. item h.aa--
tretml .of l'lprlt to 2(4 ,oSt
kelUdw: not- iienghe'
baf~~ M~Pr'~B~ JA a r i.


short, especially the sea section of the
Toyage. His scheme of water bridge con-
atiuction, was pronounced ,impossible by
Qi the engineersale bad consulted at tbh
beginning. .The structure could be ecbctef
ocf course, but it olnid not long withstand,
be elements. q
SFlagler was persistent. His enthusliaia
sad perlsstency finally won over a pionil-
Ient civil engineer, who has since bqi
eharce rof the work.
h'be Key West connection ith Ja'cksMi
ville Is probably the culmination "Je
Flagler's romantic career in Floridi. 1f
eame'to that state by chance, or b)y %ill
prob-iily is the .-inme thing, by the ai,]lS
of hin physician. His daughter was d1iht
of tcn"'iiniptiouL. The Florida it p!ltorflg
her life.
In imine.liate gratitude;gler-as .-
sort of %otlre offering--bult a neautrS
huir.-h ih ,it. Augustine. ''hen Lh? betcthie
ulterests-d in thp *tnte, nr Intc-ret r. lioly
belv.i2'olelntt ut' thre ott Re tbubt
r nilld 1.. a lir.itii i In h ee '.onmunity t.,
unie a r'lr ny ,IlonI [110 Cari hti-'C.
Scheme Called a Loser;
Rnilnaiy ni II llIIl i- the i l,.ilda .l
Co -il Iailway-a-s il i i naed .tl-4
novel ni.,de of tbhi) Vjii awi-y i-.niie c-f thq
rr.untle;i mijlioiii.s u.r .i ii tha ,.ii bIust
ne', The rId woild I.- 1ure of a
lIrast ti'o I'pae'ng-rs-H M. Flagler and
Shib ,.it vbte'."
But the i ati'ifu! fI a d iiuaiinati.iVe FiR
le'r 'iriS d(Iter-'mioted to hiar- compliu oq'
Ibis tri' pi nln tlhe Atlanti.. Const. FI
'lerel tci tW. lmagnJit'.i:en hotel- ort $.
Auallstie-t the Pon'Ce de Leon and tbh AL-'
Scazar-- ud after Ui.tingothat quaint tiown'
'a f'bionable Winter resort be did the
same tinn, foir number of th.n unonowl
. illl cee f'.L ttree -outil.
Panu Bench lie ,:reat.d absc!ut.-iy. le
halnd aie;lc-ted tflhe _p:,t ans n privre aqsi-
Idence for uhi i tmily, l.but a it proved tab
, lones nm m e lde i be- h; Ii. rnii c' aii;li
I' deli I ;, pa!.'ti i !i diiim ij- t-'r the
wenilljv i 'inlu 'J or thin: .,oiilrr. Ti' insure
I tbeir rminig hie ff Plm Be.''b
The .ountless iilliri ij nvhii. haLi hlenteded
( un d ,*.'n.- eid ee re.l;c : ;.l y indn-
dered lI'r- i_ .'l- -. : ,ife lterorni in iecent
sears. ii it.Il all the n .r.i--y .i'It in
Florid by 'lnginr now yieln.d i xtnne-
ly s p'? i eunt a1veir' the r:.llin ."a i- no
rn. a it.ving IIe aEl yIh .iearly. staulel.nt
sujbliiit;ted yesterday show- grosa eairil~n~a
:, i $4.lsl2-.. an lu.-rease or 1".:.9 per ceut
rvci l.r .year. ad l il ail'n aDllT eiiou h ,
$2 l:( ..,4-S i;. fCro.i ficielmr. i, ihnn t 1,-14;..-
:in v an-si-ier-- Aftlf' liAiYJc UPPii
inog Pper[is.- and iretitig interest ciurgea
thb Iialimrftl t;l -Oitot aunl loi-s-ra v ffil-
muc. ; B474A, 'it t athis imsm ie.-for -
rlsJw wirblich. was said to be tbebengi1
soeell$It-ty El a .nbab. .

f-i-m a ar I II Mill


"... _

resident of Miami Chaiber of Corn.
Serce,. Who Was" Among First Set-
Stiers of Miami, Paid Glowing Trib-
St. ate to Man Who Made East Coast
o of Florida.

:Ibtiami. Dec. 11.-The following ad-
Idres was delivered by President E O.
welll, of the chamber of commerce,
at the memorial service held pn Thurs-
ay., Flagler Day, at the great palm
.Fete here. :Mr. Sewell was among the
tirst settlers here and bad a personal
*acquaintance with Mr. Flagler and the
.lork he accomplished here. It Is a
.hemorlal that will be read by thou-
atrds of people wlth much IntereLt The
oast crowd listened with marked at-
-Jldies and Gentlemen:
a As president of the Miami Chamber
'*f Commerce, under whose auspices the
r(Palm Fete is being given, it Is my
measuree to welcome you to the City of
Sunshine and Palms, and we hope that
'Itht will be a Week of Joy for every
vifor and every Miamian.
is ais the first celebration .of the
NI a.1 Palm Fete, anh it is proposed to
.inlake this an annual affair. The datA
,of the Palm Fete will be slgnfllcahnt,
.ii that on this date the season's enter-
.alnment will start, and the" Miami
'tourist season will be considered of-
-tf'lcially opened.
It Is planned, to open the Palm Fete
one week earflqr next.year. or possibly
",tle week of Thanksgiving, as the ell-
mnatic conditions in November and De-
secember are Ideal for travelers, and
;there Is no reason why November and
December should not become t-wo of
,ir most popular months with the
We have the finest climate in the
World from November to May and we
-Want the world to know it, and that is
vWh3 we are Inviting the tourist to come
to the Palm FEti In December thi year
n that seeingg Is believing."
6A Flagler. Day.
We have set aside today as Flagler, the dAy. In which we may pay
-Ahlbute to. the memory o'f Henry M..
i-l.gler, Fldrida's great developer.
We are told that when Mr. Flagler
'was --a boy 18 years Old, that he was
'-p poor boy. and that he walked 15
.-miles looking for a position, and that
he was offered a position in a stor,';
'-at $15 per month and board, and that
-he thought he should have larger cal-
*hry and be walked on ten miles. but
could find no better offer, and he
walkedd back and took the $15 per month
-posltion, and afterwards becintiI 'n mr-
-chant, and'then had two opportunities,
tone was to go Into the salt business,
"-he'other was to go Into the oil buel-
-ness with Messrs. Rockefeller and Ar-
.drews, which he accepted. and became
one of America's greatest multi-mll-
SHis health was not very good and he
came to Florida seeking a mild cli-
mate, became Interested in St. Autgus-
tline and thought the narrow gauge rall-
road runnlna there and extended the
railroad south and started the building
of his wonderful chain of magnificent
-hotels down the east coast of Florida
and In the Bahama Islands.
Mr. Flagler built his railroad into
Palm Beach in 18 and r.e are told
.,hat during the great freeze of IS61-
5 that Mr James E. Ingraham came to
M iaml, and that he found the citrus
blossoms were not damaged here by
:Ihe freeze. and he returned to *Palim
Beach and advised Mr. Flagler of. the
.,-ideal oltmatic conditions aound .Blin-
.cayne bay, and this Influenced .Mr.
;'ragler to build his ra-lhaed to itis
*'SSU -i *t tessat awanwa-.fMa
,t1HB county *ws at thatCtim& v,

Lf the m Ye Bay .on, an as
6111Mhme cam tos
owned all the land north of the"lRiaml
.river In the'origlnal city limits, except
a, small strip, and Mrs. Tuttle visited
3'-r. Flagler a number of times., and
"hnanseled with him In regard to build-
,'ns his railroad to Mim.L -
Miami was known as a postoffice at
'that time, but there was only Mrs,
Tuttle's family living on the. north aide
.;'4the river and the family of Willaam
-irckell on the south side of the Miami
rlver. Both of these families co-oper-
d with Mr. Flagler in the original
Spinning of this "wonder city" and lanor
wis onated by both families.
It was my pleasure to know Mr. Flar-
ler very well, as I became acquainted
with him through my brother, John
Sevell. who %as in his employ for a
number of years. This acquaintance
,dates back to Christmas, 13%5. at Palm
Beach, on a Sunday afternoon when I
was visiting my brother, John Sewell,
and we started to walk over to the
ocean from the Royal Poinciana hotel,
i. and Air. Flagler joined us In this walk.
Henry M. Flagler was a typical
American gentleman In appearance, In
his manner, and in his dealings with
his fellow men.
On March 3, 1S. John Sewell was
Instructed by Mr. Flagler and the late
Joseph A McDonald, to proceed to
Miami with a gang of laborers to make
ready for the building of the Royal
Palm-hotel. He had letters from both
Mr. Flagler and Mr. McDonald to Mrs.
Julia D. Tultle, who was turning over
the land to Mr. Flagler for hotel site,
railroad yards and half of the proposed
city lots.
I accompanied John Sewell on this
first trip to Miami. as I was expected
to Open a store in the new city. which
Mr. Flagler had said he would build.
We came b, the n d railroad as far
as Fort Lauderdale and there took a
steamer for Miami via the water route,
and on arrival here. the men were put
In camnp and we lived aboard Cnptain
Valley houseboat, "Roi>kedge '
The clearing away the site for the
Royal Palm hotel r as actually srarred
about March 15. iS9., and inirit(iatAly
the work of clearing and paving the
streets was begun, and by July, I would
judge, there were over one thousand
men at work and practically all of them
living in tents.
Not, ladies anid gentlemen, It Is not
my purpose to take up your time when
you are expecting to hear our distin-
gulsbed fellow citizen. Hon. William
Jennings Bryan, ho Is accredited as
America's greatest orator, however,
when the committee called upon Mr.
Bryan and aiked him to deliver an ad-
dress on Lhe life of Henry I Flagler.
br. Bryan requested that some one
who was here at the time Mr Flagler
started to build this city. and knew
him personally at that time should tell
in detail a few of the many things
which he did to promote the growth
r f the city and what he did for the
People In time of distress: and, gentle-
men, Mr. Bryan requested that I do
this, and that he would speak of "Hen-
r3 M. Flaaler's Vision."
Now. I have been undecided whether
Mr. Bryan thought I was a public
speaker or whether he just wanted to
-liowv up a real contrast
I will promise you that I will be
brief In mentioning Just a few of the
many thinFg which Mr. Flagler did for
I lami.
Wlhat Flngler Did.
Tn April. 1596. he built his railroad
into Miami and soon afterwards he
established train service.
His first building project was to start
the building of the Royal Palmt hotel,
'hich is today the largest bulldihw in
tie city. Nearly one thousand men
nere put to work on this hotel aqd the
same was Completed in time to oteen
the following Janudry 15 1897.
During the summer of 1896 men w
plit to work clearing and pavingtb
streets and building the boulevard
There was also the big Job of taking
the ir-k out of foyal Palm park, and
r70plelng of the same with earth and
the planting ff the cbcoanut trees
whtvfi, vao no, 1* ee. This alnt. kn
Aevraral tstn bo Ir t

system wai s up thIlsnnrb

main eapmg. to put m1- he needed water
sydii-. Satha electrici ligfht- .Ilant'ie'tlt
they were- hot succemsfu ad. flaiaty
the late M. J. A. M gcDoid w
aakdd to talrth matter 1wth
laler abd he agreed to mt in
a'B e plant to hef p out thei. city
andt oait .her -oni -
3rami grew like mag-o the first
everything was' fine,..but the H
dand thtid after the o
b uihn pro r waa over, thn'
n tot lighten up ad. the
began to wonder what they cou
anw where business was going to
rotn, and it was then that Mr.
ler proved that he was acting th
oa pacity of father to Miaim,''and h
had cottages built on the advice Co
J. A. McDonald and they were told
at cost to purchaser at one-fourth oesh
or rented.
In the spring of 18S6 -Mr. Flagj put
dredge' to work In Biscayne ba. to
make a channel Into the Miami river
by what is known as the cape Florida
channel and in 1897 he put on steamers
to Nassau and to Key West, and a
few years later he put on steamers to
Havana, Cuba.
SI have understood that he expended
over two hundred thousand dollars In
dredging those channels.
This steamship service assisted in put-
tilng Miami on the map In the earlY
days to a very great extent
During the year of I99 yellow fever
was brought Into Miami from Cuba,
and the city was quarantined for about
four months, and this stopped all work
in the city and the laboring people
were getting short of funds and food,
and people were beginning to worry
about what could be done, and again
the matter was taken up with Mr.
Flagler through J. A. McDonald by
.Mayor J. B. Rellly and Mr. Flagler
played the part of father to the city
by instructing that the paving of
streets be started at once to give these
men work, and John Sewell took charge
oC the work and put every man to work
.who applied for same.
Durlhg -the early spring of 18M we
had a very cold spell which killed thq
winter vegetable crops of the farmers,
and Mr. Flagler happened to be in Mi-
aml the next day, and he came into our
place of business to see John Sewell,
as tas his custom whenever he was in
the city, and he said, "John. I am very
sorry for these poor people who have
lost everything in this freeze," and he
seemed greatly Interested In the peo-
ple's welfare. The next -day he sent
his representatives out to ascertain the
acreage which each grower had lost.
and he loaned them money on their
openX notes and furnished them with
fertilizer to replant their crops.
In this way he provided food and the
necssitles of llfe'to many families, and
enabled them to replant their crops
and make A success of life at a time
.when it appeared that all was lost.
I have understood that this sum
amounted to as much as i60000, and
that very little of it was paid back, but
io one was sued. Thus I consider that
,'Mr. Flagler phyed the part of 'the
father to Dade county farmers and
.proved the generosity of his great big
Mr. Flagler was always ready to htip
Miam, or to help Dade county. We
' could always count on him for a nice
donation to any needed Improvement,
There were no roads, In this country
when we came and everyone traveled
by boat, however, we were'very anxlbus
to have a rock road built to Cocognut
Grove iad half of the money necessary
was raised by the county and citizens
and Mr Flagler furnished the other

V7 L


7M*f was tbb betlmlhif of ioctro dSh
in e ; oot. y on the ~"at Most of

.god for -ead or anything else.
In the early days it was decided that
Milan needed a hospital and the cltt-
zens made a small aum through public
autsetlptlon. I would judge, not moro;
than 15 per cent of the sun necessary
to carry out the plans, but this did nor
stop the program for a hospital. Mr
Fl1gler went ahead and built the hoe-
pita, and for many years this'was our
only inslitutilon for the sick.
Mr. Flagler gave sites for the fol-
'ow;ta public bulldngs: .
The-county courthouse. -
The city hall.
Mr. Flacier gave sites for the follow-
ing churches:
The Southern Methodlat church.
The Northern Methodist church.
The Roman Catholic church
RTe gave the site and built the Pres-
byterilan church and manph atd gave
the same to the members of 1Thi
church, and he gave the Woman's club

the site for their building. I estimate
that the value of the above property
today is worth at least two mi-lon
dollars. &
I honestly believe that-Mr.--Vlagler's
greatest pleasure was derived from
working himself, planning deieropment
I-and .giving employment to others, ana
then wttchlnk the results.
I remember his expression very well
when in 18n1, the two steamers, the
Mntlicello and City of Key West, came
'ithto the hUanit river and tied
thel railroad freight docks to take
the rtun to Key West and Nassau. t
pear ad to please him greatly.
In -onnection with the great devilop-
meot of the Florida East Coast, there
wore two men uho have followed Mr.
Fl gler on to the great beyond, whose
assistance to Mr. Flagler in this great
development should not be forgotten,
and those men were James R Parrot,
who was vice-president of the Florida
East Coast railway and in charge of
railroad development, and J. A. Mc-
Donald, who was in charge of hotel
construction. Both of these men were
men of fine character and had won-
derful ability; and they took L-reat r&-
sponslbillty in carrying out Mr. Flag-
ler's plans.
No doubt the harnessing of the sea
and building of his railroad to Key
West, Florida, will go doen in history
as Mr. Fladler's grealkst achievement,
bat I consider that it required just
as much nerve to huld h is railroad
down the East Coast of Florida and
the erection of his great chain of mag-
nificepr hotels, at ite time he plunged
In to this great allderness as the build-
i m of his Overseas Rallway.
believe that In years to come, [hd
as Miami becomes a very large city.
that this cJty will stand out as a
monument to Henry M. Flagler,.lis
Mr. Flagler was a father'to Miami
and thbi section, and we should rever-
enice his name and perpetuate his mem-
We are gratified to know that the
Miami city council has acted favorable
on the resolution from the chamber of
commerce in that they -have named.
Twelfth street, our main street in this
city, "Flaler street," after 'Florda's
great developer.



_~ -


By the Officials of the Plant Sys-
tem and People of Tampa.


In Honor oj the Dstilngaished lisitor and
Hi Alltendants,.Greatly PleasCd H% ith
Treatment Accorded Hiim
V hileiln This Cit.

STh lowlu piii d in t
irmi and Aher Alabama papers
The bMardi Gras festivities began at
Birmingham yet.erd.iay, ind a private
dispatch received .today st. te t.bat
they are of surpa-sing interest and
TampFla, Floida. February 2', l'.'7.-
Mr. E. Lesser, President. Pro.inte of
Early this morning the United Slates
vessel Chase, Captain Hamlet, signLalod
from St. Petersburg that His Roya.l
Majesty, Rex Vulc:ro II, on the steam-
ship La Grande Du, besse, of the Plant
steamship line, accompanied l.y the
private yacht Magil City and t'e sxix-I
men-of-war Terror, invincible, Cyclone,
Territce, Inferno and Desperate, were
in sight of the quarantine station. Im-
mediately Lbeentire Gulf coast fleet of
the Plant system, cousisting of the
steamer Margaret, in command of Ad-
miral John Fitzgerald, accompanied by
the steamship Olivette, Capt. N. P.
Howea; Mascotte, Capt. Frederick
Rouse; Florida, Capt. M. J. Herison;
Halifax, Capt. C. E. Pye; steamer Tar-
pop, steamer St. Lucie, Capt. R, S.
Wruer; steanmert Lawrence, Capt. P.A.
Washington; steamer Clara, Captain
Herman Fischer: steamer Apala:bche,
Rear Admiral Branans steamer Helen
Denham, Captain Jacobs; steamer Sam
Pyles, Commodore Bradley, and
steamer A. J.Lane, which -ere anchor-
ed in Tampa bay awaiting the arrival
of His Majesty. Immediately on re-
ceipt of the signal from St. P-eersburg
the Plant fleet weighed anchor and
proceeded to that place. The blarea-
ret bad on board His Excellency G:.-:
ernor Blosbhm, of Florida: Hen. H. B.
Plant and Lady Plant, Lady Wood, the
Hon. J. H. Fea;eoden, president of the
Tampa board of trade: Col. T. C. Talia-
fero, of the First National bankofTa'm-I
pa; Hon. M. E. GLllett, mayor of Tam-
pa, and'numerous other officials of the
Plant lines and citizens of Florida.

On meeting La Grande Duch-
ease His Majesty was saluted
by the Plant fleet flying his colors
-purple, yellow and green. Never
wat a grander spectacle witnessed in
American waters than was shown on
Tampa bay this lovely morning, with
100 ships and the thousands of happy
moritil a-rembled to welcome the roy:
a.I vi-ito,'s.
The kiug'sebip with this groat escort
dropped anchor at. Port Tam pa opposite
the inn, where His Roiyal Majesty did-
emadbrked and was greeted by the rep-
resetLiaatirv? citiz'-tl of Florida and
escorted to the Inn, were his Ma)esty
and suite partook of a rovally served
fiBh breakfast.
After toe repa-t the sp-cial yellow
Plant trains, whtch were in waiting,
conveyed His Maiasty, attendants
suite arid baggage to Tampa, where
grand preparations had been made for
his reception at the Tampa Bay boltl.
The special train artrved at the hotel
at noun. Here the Louis XIV p.trkor
Sand th. tooms adjoining had been
reserved for his comfort. Never tra'
this b.t.el shown off to better advan-
lage than on this oci:a-lion Both ex-
ter;or and interior of the royal palace
were aaiiy decorated Vwith the colors of
Vulcan II by Ianagr Hathaway and
hi, aide-, Skinner, Pier-ou, Twobill
and Dame, and iob grand art hall and
dining room wreie made bowers of beau-
ty vilth tIropical plant and the colorsof
the United Stalte, Vil'an If and Great
Britlain, cuipended ii fm c.:,lirnga and
At 4 p. m. tse b.anq.ilet wasannounced
by the rotal trumpeter. Mananssja Has-
son, anl, tbhe royal pais.r acor',mipanied
by HEon. H. B. Platu, Lady Plant, La-
dy WVood., H.on. E. G Lrv:in, G-:.-nernor
BIloe::bh.a Mlaijr e[.I. E. GilLt Hun. J.
H F.--.-r.d,-rn, .'.o. Gru. AJaLr, Hon.
I J. E,. i~G1 Li i: f I;. P.I-
J. Ll. ,,. .

non, I.. . :.i l, J .i-'Goirn. FC a ltr
Q.-Ero.wn, H. AA.PFoi,d, F. oe C. Suil,-
,van, c.-o. .A. Ttlley, R. B. i.mith, T.
W. Leary, Col Kissler, Baron Albert
Lieber, Chief Chronicler Remeen

1 kY"(NC; r;' Vwt. S~

Crawfotd aad Cardinal Smyth marched
to the dining room.
The tables were set in the form of a
star and crescent, His Royal Highnesi
being seated in the center and on his
right the governor, the mayor of the
city and MIessrs. H. M. Flagler J. E.
Ingraham andJ. R., and on
his left Lady Planuu-nU9r1 guest Lady
Wood, Mr. Plant, Princess Sadi;er, La-
dy Storra and Lady Gardner.
This banquet was one of the grandest
ever served in this royal hotel, the set-
ivce being of goldndand lver and the
wines of the oldest and rarest vintages.
The entire banquet was under the su-
pervision of His Majesty's royal stew-
ard, James A. Puriseil, and the chef,
Em i, Combe.
Before rising from the table His Maj-
esty expressed his great satisfaction at
the royal reception accorded him and
I proposed the health of President Plant
and all present, which was responded
to by tbb Hon. Fleming G. du Bignon
in his usual graceful style.
On rising from the tale the royal I
party repaired to the Louis X[V par-
lors, where Rex Vulcan If conferred
upon Lady Plant the Grand Diamond
Diadema f Unlinda, upon Lady Wood
the Diamond Collar of Maian, upon
Mr. Plant the decoration of the Graml
Cro., iof MtugIunda, with the title of
royal priic,:; upln Mr. Flagler rhe
Giand C,.,-.of hlonaa, witi the title
of Duk;e: upon i..:. Hon. J. R. Parrott
and the EL. J. E. Ingraham bhe Sar
If-lvitam, trth }a Title oFbaron,
-pou Mr. LEr-i. Mr. Jack and MAr
0', cin the :Grand STira of Kaenda,
with th- til;r (, royal prinoc. and the
oth.r tart icirant.s at th6 banquet Bis
Mlaiesty dte:.:ralted with the Sta.* and
e'eated ilbtu h Km ighti ,If IKareuga.
After ionpectlinig h, itmlperial Iulum-
inated gardens and thie art tr.ti-iirrs
l the' TaiLup BaE:, Lolt-, the royai
party hoarded Lbe, royal yellow train.
er-peially c'iuiipjiri and , ed for
the rlaeCa or., and djpar-ttEd at '. o clock
this evniing for Birmingham, where
his Mai.sty will arrive, at 1 .Jt p. m.
I y
The people of BirmOiu-_han, i ii- un-
der-tood, are m:Lking grarid pirepara-
rions for tt;i reci -lpr i o of this r:oval vie-
itor. The royal vyeli.w train will make
but two ' Thomasville, '
Ga to a-to:rarl aon .knii'ht Hon. S. G.
McLendon, and the other at Mont-
gomer, ., decorate and knight the:
Bon. % i Wiley.

Vut. -t1

Ii ~ (





* Jacksonville, Fla., May 27.--To&
* i representative of the Evening 4
SRecord this afternoon, President
* Joe. R. Parrot, of the Florida East *
* Coast Railway, who is also one of
Sthe trustees under the trusteeship *
created under Mr. Flagler's will,
Stated that the officials at this
Time have no idea or thought of
Removing the shops from St. Au-
* gustine. He stated positively that
* no change will be made for the *
* present and that the company has
* not even considered such a move. *
* This will be most reassuring news
. to the Ancient City as there have
Been repeated rumors there of the
* removal of the shops at an early *
* date.

Made public late this afternoon for'
the first time the last will and testa-
ment of the late Henry M. Flagler is'
now of record a, the oft'- of County.
Judge M. R. Cooper and is of great In-'
teresL . -'i imay who knew of the
great develop ment work oZ Mr. Flag-
ler and his work for Florida. Some
residents of St. Augustine and officials
who aided in his Florida projects were
*-All just ffPbts, funeral expenses and'
the expenses of the administering and
carrying out of the provisions of the
"rll are directed to be paid.
During the existence of the trust
mentioned Mrs. Flagler is to receive
the sum of one' hundred thousand dol-
lars annually in stipulated payments.
Harry H. Flagler, Mr. Flagler's son,
is to receive five thousand shares of
Standard Oil Company stock.
Wm. H. Beardsley of New York,
Wim. R. Kenan, Jr., of Lockport, N. Y.,
and Jos. R. Parrott of Jacksonville,
Fla., are named as the executors and
as the trustees. The properties are
placed in trust for a designated term
of years in the following paragraphs:
"I have been for many years in-
vesting in the railroads, hotel and
land companies in the State of Flor-
ida, and it is my intention in the fc-
ture to foster, protect and properly de-
velop such properties, and to provide
against my decease while such prop-
erties are in the processes of devel-
opment and to relieve.-my. beloved wife,
hereinafter named, from- th' great
cares and responsibilities of so varied
and such-extensive interests I hereby
declare a trust concerning all my prop-
o rty, bot. rea sad --FO pt4soa4i, and
a_:e._ .... tt i.__

11 e endof such
five years the condition of the Florida
East Coast Railway and the Florida'
East Coast Hotel Company (they lie
ing my Florida railroad -and hotA.
properties *-* or r.either of
them should be such as to requkd'i
financial aid from sources, outside .-Of'
themselves or itself, then I direct that.
such trust shall continue so longma4
either or both of such last named com-
panies shall require such assistaKee,
but not longer, however, than a period
of five years from the termination of
the above mentioned or first period-of
five years."
S'Mr. Flagler expresses it as his e-
sire that Mr. Parrott, now president
of the Florida East Coast Railway and
-the Florid East. Coast Hotel- Conp-
pan', continue In snob offWie his
detth. dia.dar '

SThis Is stated in the following paia-
"I desire.and direct that :Mr. Jos-
eilb R Parrott, above named, shall be,
Continued during the continuance of
such trust in the same official and
business relations that he now occu-
pies as to and in the management of
and administration and operation of
said railroad and hotel companies and'
land companies and the proportion of
the same properties of the same and
each of them, and that he shall re-
ceive compensation for his services
therein not less than he may be re-
ceiving at my death, such compensa-
tion to he in addition to and distinct
from the above provided annual com.
sensation of five thousand dollars as.
trustee under this instrument; ani it
is to be dirtinctly understood- that'
nothing in his duties as such trustee
is to interfere with his continuing'
Such existing relations as to such corn-I
panics and properties or either or any
of the same. nor with his voting any
stoe. -held by him and his co-trustees
as such trustees, in any such company
or voting as director or otherwise
acting to the end that his beuig con-
ti,u ed in such existing relation to
such companies or properties or any
of the same. I further desire and will
Mand direct that nothing in the duties
of such trustees hereunder shall pre-
vent them or any of them from acting
as a director or other oicial of any
company aforesaid or of any comranr
in which I may le a stockholder or in-
terc ted Whatever trasft'er of strck
to any un' of sucli rFustees may be
necessary to enable him to be a di-
.--tor in any such cCompany I direct
shall be made by such trustees and I
authorize such trustees to depute ad
authorize any one of their numbers 'to
vote add otherwise act for 'all such
.trustees at any meeting of stq hod-
era." ..

C \C

I'mlIn-is To-- e unaerstooa or oe
strtpt. as having hbe effect to
thbi trustees, mentioned in._.'
fifs t$ tem, thereof, the power S
authority to complete any partid
extension of thg railroad of the
ida East Coast Railwa.' Co
souttiotf' Miami. that may have
comZnenced at the time of my = ' the contrary they shall,'hav*
the power and authority to compel !
any such extension that may :IE
.been commenced at the time ot
Directing the continuance of
Parrott as president of the railw=
he says: "the occupation of suche-flft
by him,- being in my judg"eit Uz
sary to carry ouit ry.puae.
his management, a U1 ti
WertiCrinM my '
expressed in the 'teij ..f-i t'4: .,
said last will and bestetkent'
At the expiration 'of the ttrus~i e
Ella Green of Palm Beach, J. P. Bedlc,
with, W. H. Chambers, and E. J. Triay
are to receive $5,000 each. Memorial
church is to receive three thousand
dollars annually until the payment of7
the sum of seventy-five thousand dol-1
lars provided, for, the income to be
used by- the officials of Memorial
church for certAin upkeep and other
erxenses. This bequest is subject-to.
certain conditions.
The trustees are to be paid $50 A1
each year for their remuneration.
Other bequests to be carried out at
the expiration of the trust are as' fi
Bernard O'Brien, coachman, Geo
Holland, butler, and Ida Sche -
housekeeper, $5,000 each.

000 each.
James E. Ingraham, $20,000.
Jos. R. Parrot, $100,000. .
H. E. Bemis and Leland Ste
Horace Flagler, a cousin, is to.$,.
ceive .$2,000 a year.
C. D. Boyce and La wreace Hayg,
$2.-50O each.
Hamilton -College, in State of *.
York, $1t0,)0o. '0 .
Joseph P.-., Greaves and R
Murray, $1'J,000 each.
W. H. Beardsley, $50,000.
All remaining property is to. o to
Mrs. Plagler after the above beque ts
'ha'ea been ma4e utLbe. 4ipralion of
the'trtuit. -
.- -.. ; - .--

C L ,.,\\

Map Prepared

and Issued by H. H. Richardson.

Cut of Tourist Map

of Florida 1880

In 1880 there were 482 miles of railroad in Florida.
Today there are over 5,000 miles. With the com-
pletion of double tracks down our East Coast, to-
gether with proposed lines across the southern sec-
tion of Florida, the railroad facilities of the state will
be efficient and modern.
Transportation and marketing are facilitated not
only by the railroad system, but by ten thousand
miles of improved highways and thousands of miles of
waterways. Florida's coast offers natural harbors
and improved seaports from Fernandina through Key
West and on beyond Pensacola.
The opportunities presented by Florida as a pro-
ducing and marketing center are equal to any section
of the nation. The future progress of the state de-
pends upon the intelligent uses of the resources. By
advertising, the world can be informed of the possi-
bilities of Florida-and once established as a desirable
and readily accessible land-the future will be as-
The Atlantic National Bank is a one hundred per
cent Florida institution which during its entire life of
over twenty years has been a progressive believer in
the solidity and progress of Florida.
The officers of the Atlantic National Bank invite any
one interested in Florida to request any information
concerning the state.




( ^ 0r

I .- .,r .; I

r.- ;2_~, \2_2
IJtV< U "-0A



--~----i ----- ---~,-

,, "' .


HON. JAMES E. INGRAHAM, Commissioner-Mayor.
Mayor James E. I..i .-1. .- was born in Dartford, Wis., November 18, 1850.
He moved to Florida -1 1; 4 nid in 187T became general manager of the late
Henry S. Sanford's important interests in what is now the city of Sanford. He
continued as general manager of Mr. Sanford's interests until 1882 and during
that time planned and laid out the city of Sanford and, therefore, can truthfully
be said to have been largely instrumental in its founding. From 1879 to 1892
Mr. Ingraham was president of the South Florida Railway and, therefore, the
pioneer in Florida development and railroad building in this state.
It was in November of 1892 that his abilities and his excellent work in middle
Florida came to the notice of Henry M. Flagler and, as a result, Mr. Ingraham
was appointed general agent of the Florida East Coast Railway, which position
he held from November, 1892, ;) May 1, 1903. He was then elected vice-president
of the railway yr. -iiw. which i, sition he has continued to hold since that time.
In addition to ?hi M. 1. .I.iLh. i, president of five land companies, the Model
Land Company, the Pcr.i'e I;r.,nr Company, the Okeechobee Company, the
Chuluota Company and the Fort Dallas Land Company.
It is notable that he has been connected with three great pioneers in the
development of Florida, as general manager for Henry S. Sanford, as president
under Henry B. Plant, and vice-president under Henry M. Flagler.
As indicating Mr. Ingraham's high standing in his home city the people of
St. Augustine at the first election of commissioners last July placed him at the
hedd of the polls, according him most convincing evidence of their regard for
him and their confidence In him as a gentleman of unusual ability a,,.l iiite.-rity
A furthL r rrbiitre has been added by Mr. Ingraham's fellow-membvr< oni th1 '*omr
luiluin Ihroniiul their selection of him as mayor of the city and i h. irman -,f the

(By Associated Press)
le---'*---- ------------3
DP' Leon Sriri Hies ;I lornated. in
'c.t]-ii criutiF. niar th'." city; of Le-
land.. It .: a tl...v' r 50 f .ri ea11 'nlins
j]er lii at c-.'.

Thelr' ; n 'ee i'f'* T,',:- irnim-rdiatrl-'
.sur o.iindui r I h.l rp ini that i-t.iridl
in ral., !aI n Ir:- .:. h- ell mi- nd'rn
and he'r yI t,.ilis,, .

The u-title-t r,' tin .rin,- rh i l- e ir '
that i f''rin ; ro rit ll- i-r -r which
joinF the Sr. .i-.hii a til. h:nce
nm i.i-:, i ".'.y t:, tlhe A t lnit;l- :crio i.

The territ.:i s n.round th i -priin
antrd n ,al i.o iil- ..tic:t :- .i gi'ot liriIt-
inr:i ,ai d ,I '-hi e .:...i litrr .

Les : l- ', tlrhV .iui:. P:nr 'c .le
L eon- .:!t .? l.:_, i, ]i l' 1 11. I t ] .. h .'.t
the o:'L i..' i ,. .p.

It i, alo : la -., -,t t ilhe p) ll; h
w hil. .v .e i'.;,in t li w.riTr ,.rv ,r.-i.d
the pf. e.r .f th= flr.- ,f the . in mn king' igi"r anl inich'':.

Fr-e: .-ilrectit l h, tih, tate ('ilica-
tilon.l i i?: n-ir' tI' I fr.:.I" f > h : e t-, l:hi -
te i :h r' r-::! n, tir 'l;t.i . nr lil, t.:.t: i
aboul.t :I*; "I.e Thii I1,'r- -a r o-nh- ra d
too d .i ltr nr nd ir:e -. :.Ile.:tei:l by th.-
ct 'unt:1 f ipi-, f tt i : i 'ttt: .

Feen ,:.:,le..t-l fr...nW A nrpr !;,: nt- fr.- r
cer ifi .:tte on cr d iitin-l: ..f t--ench-
inig ari e thl, .1.11-.*l e .:-h inti.l ta -
nuni!,- ta nt l ' n o ."1:f50 Ti,. a
total ,.f .1f'i1, .-', l: f'.r pA er-,,r .: -
'iring t,., t0-11.h l, the -,h.... l'. ,-._t t!e>
st '"to FI... iWJ-.

.i t. Prt i t ri r i-t.-" a -i.\'e it, Pi -,lM

1t tl ,.' I "- i i 0inl. t'i, .

Th.- ,-n,-ral nr- .-in;..' rt .l .:, i .A.v
at its EL1-'' 5 :I .- t- l 'i- c -fhitt the
ship e nI a-k td fr lt t' i l t s iim-
nlitLiei or thAt iha ..ii. vs t i untit df ri

It gr,:' ith. t ii l ; ,:- .tii j u t .al
and N ,-ntL It' ll h 'i" ill -li,.i.nents
ot irr, a ii' t'r.:.' i '...: ,i ..r ,g th -
in F l,.ri n .mo.t I. ir,.',,,e t..I li,; -
ort'+..ii ,t th'i. ,l. lp':rt 0 -i ..f -. e'r l-
tur-' ;'ip l -.... .: c' :i.r ll te 0 l ia -
turd: .

hil'.. 1 .i at: t...rl-ld.l n t. n(.:'.pt
citli n Il ,' = 4 .- hip!: ,:n r i0i" M ne.' -
c,',' p;.Ii' -', J I. b tL e .' it'i.,-i ,,f il.-ta ir-
ity ap. a r,-..ip ;t ii tt the t .': f ,-ne
l,,l ,, .-I t ,..'t I" .,,, -e n
Rl. I ),
P ..J.i. ,I iCh-;.. "-. *;'i. ;1+.ta -t'.-Lt+t chelm -
i t-: -nd ,:hl >-f_ of t'ru. t' int-pi e- c-
ti,:,., h:a ,,.,-*' ., .'._f : in r irlal id
f'ir I .i0 t? .! ..: .n d.,[' il-- '...rk n -
tending ;iE ,t-a.l, .'v:e t, oll., gr,.'.'r: or
Ehipper. that de.ire much.

During the Civil War the express
and railrnIadI service throughout the
.,.jith was alrnost completely dis-

Henrv aivrf Flaer, on e7 c- I fe
early and greater b-li;dit-s 'r iFlor-
ida, first became inter"-ted in the
LtatLe in q190. He ir.on bijought the
marhlan'ls west of what is now Cor-
d,h.,i street in St. Augutmne (it was
then called Tooirnato street and ex-
tent-inr to the San Sebastian river.
He W-lo bought little narrow gauge
railroad between Jacksonville and St.
Augustine, called the "Green Road"
anllt began the construction of the
P.,nc e de Le.,n and Aicuaznr hotels.

He erected then Mem:,rial Preshy-
teritn church in honor of hii- only
daughter. who died at .sen, during the
con-ntriuctin ,-f the h,.tei. The .hlii~h
:nd- hotel' \t rre .:.:.mplete. d n 1.'8n .

A ferry Iop.rating" on the St. Jo:hns
r; at .J-,l:,:on.-ille fir-t ser-..ed the
I"Gre2in Rloid." IM. F l.Fgler built a
Iblridge n. iL-.. tlie riVer at Jatl;.orn-
W.,ile and changed the gaue'e -of tlhe
railroad fr:-m the narrow to thi-
-tandaird. Thr .iig-h P llmian c.-iiar
". r'e o.:p r-it.i- frr.-.i Ne-A Y-:Irk to 'r't.
AugU.iItIne i i.n 1Siti when t-he Poni. dJe
L- iiil Iot, -,'as openo.i .

Later Mr. Fing ier ir.--u :. d iet,-. ral
[,ieL .?- f t;il- l.. 1 --in tirh. e a;-t .-'a .
c,-nnt:-ite: th'l ni .ind exteii e..l hl -:e, ld
Ni-.-; S' ni. rrina.

In l '':?. :l I.u;i-.; r t le d :ci ed tio -
t.-n.l the ri-ilrio d lt rather i ith and
Ih-, inliea iatei'y i:.ega-n iork. 'I ht
t.:,v n ,-f \\c-st Panlm Beach vwna ac-
-Tlued, iubdi'.tded and and
the nl'-. i Fl Po:lin anni t hitel ibilt ia1
P..ini Bea h A.tid ,e d fr g.[-:st'
at.,ui D[Leci,-, .ir. 1594. In April -t
the- m.i- y.-ar the railroad cnter-,J
P.aip Bc-a,-ch. A town'.' i.: e ... a' c.,nur-
,-, itr Mianri and d.. elpei, nd 1 i.-5
a ti.: lmly, Ron!., Palm h.,tel t'idt.

Th. nanmi: :of the "Green R.U-,i." w -'c
hnri-.-.d to the Florida EiLst Co't
Rapir,.a.1. Cotlipany icn A.piil 22 11'-"
at the same time it be.?gan operating
itt- Miami.

I- --

. I \


Colonel Henry S. Haines, of Sa-
vannah:'Geo tia, who had 1en b6ht
of General Lee's most valued trank-
portation imen, and Henry B. Piant,
of Branfnr.rl, Conn., railroad builder
ot Georgia ani c-oi.'truetrir oif the
great Pinnt Sy'temn of Fl"rida. were
a ~-:i..;iat. J iii .he reluilding of the
rail ays and ecpre;s ser'.ices
thr' e.i.'hout tlie .',.ith.

These two men so:ion after the war
nllquired ceuntr. :l 'f S-ev\eral lines in
Fl)orda and Georgia which after re-
hahilitati.nii pro.-:d .,f great worth to
the south n it. a.3,rk during the re-
crnstrucfti.n: period. Thcir roads were
the. S.:-annnah. Floiida andl western
whichlh .J ii,..n .lll. ay,- -.f Live
Oak; the Fliridat Cenrtrl and Pen-
in. la; th- Chli.trlef'tll and Sa nannah;
andI t,-> o-th'er IIni.e tliat resachic in
Alab:ima anl Georg,1.

M r. Plnit [l:,, r.;,ri.' ,-e n the or-
garitizti- he S, utr iltrn E-:pres
Corlpanr', -. He l,.-,.- iit- r-i.r-si.-.nt of
thi- c-..:lr r n 'i .ii .i I ee : stock-
l i -r.

'rThe Wai cr'.-_ -.i- ri. Lintr fr..,n thal
;,;it t.:, .1 i;.:.-. ri ,!i. \v as '.,it I II IS2-
i.,y M r Pl. ti i -` h-n! Il i ..... i i;. Thi'-
'.-n 0 i limi e r'ra N .lY r

\?s .- -;,t i v. ith Mr. Plrint werb
"-.e 1. thl lir.l h[:.,t i Ot tihe
S i atr, aI t tlhat I.ii'... Th,:. :er
lHen.,;, Wl;,-i and B. F. New.iner;
*-tf ,!t l m!'r,:-: Jorris K. J..=-op. and
II,:';ny Sa r f-r. . resident if. tie
Adams Eqi!-t.- Compai.. ,,.tlh ,f
.NeI Y,'.rk: "Mr. Jenkins. ,of Illint.i-;
and .Tlude C i(hilhii, of S-.*i nnllnh.

StV iii; time, J.E..Ingraham, former
president of the South .Florida Rail-
road, who related these facts, was
holding. thit r-ffice. This railroad
called a 'i.':'.ci-i.-,:.r railroad" be-
cause it was owned by the R. M. R6l-
sifer Company, editors and owners of
-lh. E:,-,.-,, Herald. The lin-: e:t'--nd-
'rI .l: -iI Sanford via Winter P-,c-k to:
'r,,,,l... -Construction was tuli.1.rwa3y
to T-cinini-i and it was planned t6
-ext':rl ili,.- lie to Tampa.

Tit- Plant Investment Compl.ii,- ac-
n i 'i.-d.. ; tl-. it'i, interest iii the
Soit0 i Fi-,,.' 'i f:1ir., and -:t.i l-ed
it to T oirlr:i and .,.ni(-- -...I with
si.--i.r.- !irom i '. \'--t ar.,I H-a.
'Vao n.. T hl -.]. | i ,, i ,--. dri ii ,':.
.J.'tt. !. 1 ; 1. l.:- ; w as atil
i .,,-,I ;,. .r,,- t ah.,, ,|., and his
c(al!ric '-i 'r1I their families.

During the first 18 months of thd
onertinn nf the line into Tampaj
'Idr.b"ii i'-,.,Ih were carried into th:
It 'I'l'.i '

Pl-ir t Line from Tampa to Kliy West
Pislil Line from Tampa to hc-y West,
I-H later -- .:F.-a..i, .J tii. ;i,. froni
Taint, .- t-i P-ort Taump.a, a d.- per wa-
t.-r p.iii: oni old, T- minnipa B -,-. -

rn 1-.i tl i--iUt Pililman cars weri-
ri'n l'roii Ni ---. Yoi1k to Tampa aind .o
P,_-rt Tampa.

I -~


M t a recent, article in the Manufacturers POSsibilities of the South
R record (reprinted in the Tribune today) i
1 Mr. J. E. Ingraham, vice-president of the I Iadequately Advertised
(Florida East Coast railroad (Flagler Sys-
ter) Is quoted as being "*surprised that ManurfactErrs Record. The stateifmcn
the federal government,. whether under P"'"ishe"' el'e.Celice in tiiis ;.sue quoting
Democratic or Republican control. has 1he Florida :. aE. ingiCoa Ra; Preaid nt cox
he Florida East Coast Ra.ilrciad. ae '-xprea-
never seemed to appreciate the advan- s'ng bi surprise that the Federal Goverr-
tages of Florida, and therefore has never meant, whether under Democratic u, Repuah-
taken active part in its reclamation work, lican control, has neier deemed t.:, appre-
or In the kindred activities which would rarte the advantages of Flrid.. anr. thre-
have enormously developed the state for fore has never an a.:itve par in rec-
be good of the entire country. l. mauoni work or In kilndr:-d cttivlties
'To no man in Florida more than to Mr. which would have enormousl., ,cveinped t'li
,tate for th. g9o0-7 of the entire country ,
ingraham could this be a surprise; be- rromots th- ge.o iion that eith th count
cause probably no man in Florida bas pi on of tre East .*chst Rilroa.d !ie raii.
spent more time in the reclamation and r.-,ad; of Florida have n- -;r adarlqutet: al.
development of the state than he. In rccisted Florida If the ha-i o10..- sF.o hl
charge of the great land and development .*oull- hae spent t'n itn,-s s nu:n ii ..-r,..
department of the Florida East Coast rail- ."n making ;no:r.-n tre advanLages of Flor-
road, J. E. IJnrabam bas spent millions da as tl*e.. has- done.
upon millions of dollars, and for every dol- i ,anadian railroad or n alif-rnia rot -jp
Sn a' had trltutary to their li's a State -Elu-it
lar he has seen resulting repayment with :s Florida. witih its lirmtleh f..-I:-:,L.It[lS af .
big interest in the way of land made fl i health and rl.easlurt re-c.r and as
for settlement. settlements turned into -tato .:.t va r pr-..-r ,.ilirCs fi.r t.i- crar.,i:.,r
cities, and cities become great emporiums o)f nealin. t:.r tr.i pr..-d.:i:c.n :t[ f.:-. tur't
of trade and travel. irnd for induitrlr.- :.i m n:. :.indi tr.--
And let no one think that his work has R('od I1ha p p-nt annually ten tinr.s as
been alone for the east, coast of Florida, nuh mon up.-tn publih.,y work as [h
railroads enrering Florida I.tve evir spent
or that his interests centered solely in the on making kroI-n n te resources or that
,gret railroad which he helped to build State
through a country wbi'ch .e r.;l.aili 'lt- \\e think lhat on,- .:. ihr readrisp. prr-
from the unknown and the uninhabitable. r ajn.. rial t h< Ni l ,-..- ,rrirn.r n\t'r
You cannot dpeelop one part of a stale aild irmi ii attenr-..n t. FlIori.a' a.:%lir:-rmernt
without benefitting to a great degree the f-i that the raiircadz l-.-e neir ad.-qua.jt;ir
whole state. When commercial attention "'iad- krinn F-inr.ri rE ,,our.-e These
was turned first to Florida it fixed its eye Ir aroads wh hre, cur of ,. iade 5oo0
on the east coast. It was the possibilities i ,uf's annually pi .g or, f .no. ru- ra-. of
of that cide which led the ambition of ireighr. and vhi,.:h are aonitin.'p to
others to Eeek fame, fortune and a Lasting? their full tiai:lt;et for carryiin her-lin and
name by development of other parts of the prc. F'jr- .-eiih'r inr. t ihe State in th' win-
state. So, Jame- E. Ingraham, the exec.-U- I :r. aid out .-i ,r S tatr- .r. the ?prng
tive of the East Coast interests became! t':ul't nave doubl.i- and Ir-ble.J ih' r pas-
the pattern ior emulation by many others ( rnger travel and thcir ir,.,ght rtu.-ir b.,
whose work in Florida also stands as Pni a udaat rpuhit crmpipa.n in t-nalf of
monuments to them. Florida. is unique sn.-.ncr e ti r'i ,of thf
It is not surprising, knowing as be does, Union. Ir is jarc-ri r.-prJulit-d bt.. E.uthern-
what Florida could be, that Mr. Ingrabam horn people Ther.,: ar mian. fr.:im other
is amazed at the apathy, the blindness of e-lctions living in Fl:.ora,. tuit 11.,: irge bull
the federal government, toward Florida's nf its population is .f r.-p:r.-l, br.oi ,ir Int
worth to the country at large. .tate fr born in ere'-r Siurthrn l patiaE i
Mr. Ingraham has reached the age where ha- for nearly i'l a cill qt r. ..n.crimand.i r
"white roses instead of the red," are lb th att Fagilr ar.d -.r hr ern ford a.t. hI:
fltting chaplet-blossoms for his wear. T&c aho in -early days lai Ih, if-.,rdaticon firr tlr
world is willing and ready enough to "say prosperity:. which it now en]jo But sines
it with flowers," after a man has passed Plant osased awa. man-, ,.ears ago an, lila
on to his reward; but a blossom along the railroad interests nrn, Into notiri hands.
way beats a mausoleum banked with as. they have never ad.qjua.. .. lined in the de-
phodels after. '.elopment of the taree :,r in its publicity.
So the Tribune wishes to la one small work.
flower at the feet of James E:. Ingraham.
the man who has done more personally to
make possible the Florida of today that
any other living man, and we know ne
more fitting language to express it in than
the simple, abort commendation, said bI,
friends to have been given him by Henry.
M. Flagler just before Mr. Flagler's death
"You have done mighty well.'

V- \ k 2....


The Seaboard- Air ine has done some
good work, worthy or all commendation, as
have all the roads. But none of them has
spent one-tenth as much upon making
known the resources and advantages oI
Florida as they should have done. Here they
have a gold mine indeed; a mine worth more
than any gold mine on earth. It is a mine
of vast resources irom which they can dig
freight without end, a gold mine of passen-
gea travel which -en be increased in tts
wvealth-making work to an unlUnited ex-
ert They have not worked the -peansesa
:TrIvel busing s aana gold mine, nor .- 1 i '
'sources in soil and climate as a gold mine,
to one-tenth the extent they should have
done. A James J. Hill, with his empire
building vision, or a Harriman with per-
haps an even broader vision than Hill has
been needed for Florida's development. Flag-
ler matched either of them in his vision, In
his crea.rtie power and In the achleve'menff
i.adle for Florida; aid the traffic which hia
road is carrying. and the amazing develop-
ment along a great stretch of t-rritory
which before his day was almost an unex-
plored wilderness, is testlmdny to his
achievements. But even his road could to-
dav do many things which it is nor doing.
We are not unmindful of the financial
neels of railioads, but even at a time when
the railroads aere earning money nmost of
them had 'throughout Florida staclons which
were a disgrace even from the sanitary
point of view. These roads bring into the
State hundreds of thousands of touristsand
at most places they dump tnem out into the
niud if it should happen to be raining.or into-
iasti.:.n unfit froin every point of view for
t.-.urit travel, or, indeed, for any other
iL-nd1 of travel.
It is time for tbA Florida railroads to wake
up; tim.: for them to, do a broader work than
they have ever done except in the days when
F!agl-r and Plant and Sanford were laying
'I deep. broad foundation for the work which
'neir successors should be carrying out on a
'-ale as much great.Er than the:, were ab-l
in carry out. as are the wealth and popul I
ron of Amerlia greater than they were in
Flaffer's day.
Indeed, though controlling the transporta-
ti.rn of an empire In extert, with greater re-
'ources for development work than any oth-
er empire of eaual area on the face of the)
earLh, the railroads of the whole Southhave
ten niggardly, beggarly, penurious and non,
Uiti-Trja tfii" bh theirpaHcity aWS inWanpIa kte
meant wori a compared wit "'Th6e"l "peirta
n.ssitrlllties of this region.
W doo not- blame the orffilals of these
.co.d, hut we put the hlire we be
Ii. ? it belones. up.:.n thle owners of the roads
:icaue thie.y should ba\e said to tne off.-
'ials. "push out to a development of the
South to the limit and we will back ;:.u fi- in the work."
Withl an aggregate o: about 01.00 min;le.
.i roaJ) S..uthern ra.nwais dr.mrn.tin a
--- i---n s.: lrritilee:l, endowed tb:, nature. a
sOi'ion rich beyond ihe power of words to
S.:pr-s In protentialities for the creation of
reiglt and travel and prosperity annually
exprrid in the a_-regare for pubtliity work
in behalf of thi. Soluth les nonre.' than any
one of a dozen or mor, prl\ate huauinesa con-
cernF. patrni medi.'-ne Ir.nnufacturers. or P
;other individual Intlercsals snend m mak
, their pro.iuc'ta known. Think of it for a mno-
mnint' That thehe individual conce n s each
having nl: o-ne product to advertise, spend
more money annus- J. In publicity work than
all the railroads of the vast ar-a fronm Mary-
land io TCxas, rich beyond c-ompai. in ie-
source- richer in potentialites than any
Coher equai area in the world, sprnd'in the
.evelurnf ent i.f the wealth lli hih lies unutil-
ized, undeveloped, and as a New York finan-
cier once said with "billions of wealth be-
neath our feet" not availed of!
Would that these railroads. or the owners
of them, had tile slton and tie power to
portray herore the world the health of
Snutlh*rn o:,Pror.un;tirs whi,:h 1i pri- ssed
h- % oz--(lc i of Indivl]ual adi' rtiser. vwh-,
inakei srmnr.oii 's cra-ckers, i)r s letibody's
tobacco: .:-r son-.hbod, 's cigar tt.r e :,r so e-
body's ,patent riirdicin-s. the rie.'-i. for
apendinr more rnore. In advi:irt:-i- tihan ali
the railroads of the Southrl pendi iior
tliirn a region having near-, on,.-illird oi
the totil area or th- Unlrni d Stiat e, one-
third of its population. arnd far. far mor-,
than one-tbird of its natural !.souir-ei all
a rvatin,T the to-luh of incr-,as, d capital an-i
increased population to become the greatest
wealth-creating center of the world.

c'goob tbe entire Stht'e
ieut si r. iMahu fact_
Ue.iih"ls" "" "'h tu page t dvor "
tI'. Jb e .th "Ad.eies.,_

a t .t- Railway ois
iargo..tie t-sing campaign. :
i ilefisto e series sounds ;T
aElle, aond-is. fA lof striki
J t,~ar f3gunes whicbi cannot' (i] to
oeo. i value to the State.
ofi't one reads as. follow's'
'- h'.a of ,nid a,
-nd P410 po liula-
etween ..-1900 and. 10
7' o.'-it.ied States inmcr.eased-,21
pecent;''--'/1' '
'Driig tihe mae i' e d tlie t pepoil. r
ti n o Florida, inDreaSe Afer s e2
f 'Thus "lorida's populaii tiDcseai
d-twice as rapidly as that of thie. en-
country. '
rate ot; intcr5e aai-gre
ai.Ei.o.ay"-:. her f-tae 'east' o
sjsmppiBry6er, -,'.; ,'
.manieridl advance of the SEate
tustrat inn'the increase in agri-
al healthh was in keeping within
~ojth.'in population.
Ihe tefin.years, 1900 'to. 1910, the
ase:in'h aue of farm lands in'the
Sf'ates was 11' 'per cent.
ri 1i'he same periodihbe gain in
2ias 203 per cent.
itween.1900 and 1910 the increase
l s.:fie value' of farm buildings in the
iUA ed States was 77 per cent. 'the same time',the gain in Flor-
.c.w'as .144 per -oent.
.0Prosperity- begets prosperity. The
1nehtum'of growth swells with an
cbelerating pace.
."'The Call of, Florida' 'has hpeo
rd throughout the land. .The6bia,
T' its population during, .the la':.
years: has been merely- the ad
guard'of the pioneers. .
For every hundred personal .w. o

'Pr\ r'\''

I I -


\2~ t-\(" f 1r^ Till

se n^ogl~~~ .

I 4 '

A rare picture taken in the "Gay 90's of prominent personage s staying :t ithe Hotel Ponce de Leon, in iSt. Augustine, which is
c. I- i.i its fiftieth anniversary this season.
In the center of the front line, holding a bouquet is Mrs. Henry M. Flagler, wife of the l. 1..l.-I of the Hotel, Ponce de Leon and
founder of ithe Florida East Coast railroad system. In the foregr ouid, at Mrs. Flagler's left, is General John R. Brooke, of
Spanish-American War fame. In ithe firsL row,' the second figure from the left is Mrs. M. D. Hardin, formerly Miss Amelia McLAughii-
lin, cf ('ihe prominent Chicago family; sixth is Mrs. John Lyman, wif e of Captain Lyman, who is behind Mrs. Flagler. To the CLa'tin
left is General J. H. Hewson, who did the dredging in Havana. Mrs. John R. Brooke stands to General Brooke's left. In 'the .extreme
left, back by the s airway, is Mrs. C. Du Bois Wags:aff. Ai right rear, next to pillar, is General M. D. Hardin, of Spanish-American
War note, and in front of him, M. J. E.. Ingraham, who was instrumental in the founding arid development of Miami.
Other notables in the picture are: Dr. and Mrs. Andrew Ander son, Mrs. George Fletcher, Mr. and Mrs. George F. Miles, Mr. John
Thorne, Miss Alice Smithureit, Mr. 'J. H. 'Houston, Miss Nona Warn ock, Mr. Dunham Coxetter, Mr. Graham Kenan, Mrs, F. B. Sumner,
Mrs. J. E. Ingraham and her daughter, Miss Kathleen Ingraham, AM r. and Mrs. Jerome Weston, the Honorable W. W. Dewhurst and Mrs.
Dewhurat, M1iss Jennie Lindsely, Miss Modina Floyd, Judge Cooper Gibbs, Miss Lida Greeves, Mr. Reginald White, Miss Sarah Kenan,
i .; .i.. .l,,-' F.- I er Mr. Arnold Goldy, Mr. J. C. Salter, Miss Ma y Dewhurst, Miss Alice McMillan, Mi-.. Mary Smithurst, Mr. and i

aUeV... ._._ _____._ -_ ______.A__M l______anM __._Ger H
-7 -77 --7-

I r;

5/\^ c -*<-.a ^tv~i *._ ^ fL..\ V~ cr

- c I

Pot Future


By Gibbs
"The port; of Florida are de.-
tined Io srh:re a posiint i as the
commercial :apitol of the world
if .3terva3,. s v.ilt ir tr state are
develpe';d, CGeoge W. Gilbbs.
chairman oL tile ho:ild A, the Gibbs
Shipbuilding C r po r al on to!d
members oI th. Pens3riaol Prupl
lor Club lac right.
Speaking before about 100 mem-
bers and guests of the organization
at the Pernsacola Ya.:hi Club, tile
shipbuilder reiLc.m nierded that "all
port cities in FlkiIda must be con-
nected by barge canal and at least

/ addresses Propeler Club
two canals should connect the Gulf
Coast with the Atlantic Coast."
Gibbs also said that the inland
waterway should be developed
from Miami to St. Marks and from
St. Marks to Jacksonville.
"It is essential that the water-
ways of the Gulf and the Missis-
sippi Valley be joined to the inland
waterways of the Atlantic if Flor-
ida is to become the crossroads of
commerce of the world," Gibbs
!, d!ir '-inL the value of wa-
terways to the State of Florida we
must concern ourselves not only
with the waterways in our vicin-
ity that we are familiar with, but
waterways wherever they exist.
and their effect on the economy of
the area they serve," the indus-
trialist pointed out.
The shipbuilding executive drew
on history to emphasize the impor-
tance of waterways to the success
or .failure of whole civilizations.
America's greatest resource is
its waterways, according to Gibbs,
and because America is so rich
compared to older countries, "we
have failed to develop this source
of growth to its fullest extent.

"The markets of the worla -re
but three as lar as the United
States is coneerned-the United,
States Latin America, and the
Far East." he statd.
T'e point that Florida is nearer
the Far in tonl mil,-s rh,!n i
SErvpt nrd Ivi', munclh nearer than
thp .Phippine plrti of Eirorpe v'a
mrntinndrl h'. thp iperkef-
I Barte .r I v parn ai eIl] a in.
land '. alr'.' traffic v.erP niPn
tionpriH a fi itur ]onit rnot method
of tranf rrtitini hv Gibh?.
He _aid that the cheapest tranj .
Borts3ion Ln the world ",-; hb
water and :hat money spent on
building marny wat r'as wnas in-
significant compared rt the say-
ings in t-rnsportaihon ensts that
could be effected.
The speaker was introduced by
Francis Taylor, commodore of the
Pensacola Yacht Club. Gibbs is a
graduate of Georgia Tech, a re-
gional director of the National
Rivers and Harbors Congress, past
member of the executive board ofi
the Propeller'Club of the United
States, past chairman of the Flor-
ida Improvement Commission and
a member of the board of direc-
tors of the Shipbuilders Council of
Guests of the Propeller Club in-
cluded Roy J. Fayard, traffic
manager of the Alcoa Steamship
'nmpan, at Mobile; W. T. Morris
Jr., assistant manager, East Gulf
district of the Lykes Brothers
Steamship Co. in Mobile; R. B.
Clark, manager of the Pensacola
and Tampa offices of the Three
Bays Line: J. E. Gilliland, vice
Fre;dpent. St. Louis-San Francisco
7Filwa1, Co., St. Louis, and G. A.
Morgan, Pensacola traffic man-
ager of the same railroad.
Taylor also presented 10 mari-
tinme books to the Pensacola Pub-
lic Library on behalf of the Pro-
peller Club. J. L. Larkin, member
of the library board, accepted the
H. N. Folk, president of the local
Propeller Club, stated that the na-
tional organization has two pur-
poses: "To promote further and
support an American Merchant
Marine and to aid in the develop-
ment of river, Great Lakes and
harbor improvement."

''George Gibbs launched his new
row boat this morning. The little
craft is a neat piece of work, and
was built by Mr. Gibbs himself. It
floats on the water like a cork.
He has named it "Sam" a'ter his
little grandson, Sam Moore.


George Gibbs aboard his DC-3

Birds eye-view

A Sanford Dream

Staff Writer
Sanford, Lilliputian from
our vantage point, fans out
loosely on the south shore
of Lake Monroe, a four-mile-
wide spot in the meandering
St. Johns River. Her 18.000
people are held together
economically by farming,
citrus, a naval air station,
retirement income, a little
tourism and: a little indus-
Our conveyance is a plush,
private DC-3 owned by
George Gibbs, Jacksonville
shipbuilder, world traveler
and 71-year-old student of
why industries locate where
they locate. Gibbs arranged
the flight for this Sentmel
staffer to illustrate some
of his ideas about Florida's
Sanford may look like
Lilliput but our mind's eye
superimposes Brobdingnag-
ian industries over the
scene. Gibbs is responsible
for these ideas.
Sanford. he says, is a logi-
cal site for a steel mill.-A
plant to make castings and
wire for the Florida market.

I .

Sanford could have a sug-
ar refinery-and if it did
have. Savannah would not
be able to sell her sugar in
Florida-an aluminum plant,
a paper mill. Gibbs has built
Sanford into a mirage of
Pittsburgh. He says it does-
n't have to be a mirage.
The key t thistransfor-
mation is a water connection
to the sea by which raw ma
trials can be barged cheap*
ly to a population center
having an abundance of
power, fresh water and a
few determined men.
Sanford's key, he tells us,
is the proposed Sanford.
Titusville canal linking the
St. Johns River to the Indian
River, the1 nearest outlet to
the sea.
in all Florida; Sanford's
industrial possibilities in-
terest hiir most, for the
abundant kfesh water the St.
Johns- River provides and
for its central Iocation in
the Florida market Jack-
sonville b*s the St. Johns
River too, but at that point

it is inftrare'a wian we
ocean's salt Palatka, further
up the river, also has salt
intrusion. Orlando has no
river. The big coastal cities,
Miami, Tampa, again have
no fresh water.
He even, sees the remedy
for Sanford's dearth of cap-
ital and; industrial minds.
The answer, again, is the
To illustratae this point
he directs his pilots to fly
down the coast.
On our right we see emp-
ty forestland, some swamps,
some farm lands. None of
it" is populated-
Hugging the coast and the
parallel inland, waterway on
our left, city follows city,
and! in the Gold Coast area
they merge into a contin-
uous stream of houses,
shops, plush hotels.
Landing at Ft. Lauder-
dale; we go by car for a
close-up look at Bahia Mar,,
a favorite stop-off place for
wealthy yachtsmen.
"Here's where e the men
will come from to build san-
ford," Gibbs tells:us. "When
you see a, man driving a.
Cadillac, you know he has
money. The cheapest yacht
costs 10 times as much as
the most expensive car.
Those are the people you
want to stop at Sanford and
get interested in it"
Another Gibbs opinion:
"The St. Johns River valley
is the most beautiful. part of
Florida and the least ex-
Another: "Yachtsmen,
once they find& the St. Johns
is open at both ends-no
longer a dead end--will
abandon the: coastal route
between Jacksonville andt
Titusville. Sanford is a logi-
cal stop-over for them,"
Another: "Florida's great-
est builders are YPnkees
who first came to Florida to
relax. We get the cream of
the worlds brains."
This from St. Augustine-
born Gibbs, who asked for
his $10-a-month salary to be,
raised ad9 was fired by
James E. Ingraham, builder
of the South Florida Rail-

msa. He later married I..
graham's daughter.
Harold A. Martin, indus-
trial manager of the Jack-
sonville CofC, came on this
trip loaded with statistical
printed matter. "Jackson-
ville CofC," he informs, "has
favored the Sanford-Titus-
ville canal since the idea
was born."
Earl Brown of DeLand,
past president of the Flor-
ida CofC, remarks that this
birth took place "shortly
after the Civil War."
Martin continues. "The
stream of north-south-bound
yachts misses Jacksonville
by 15 miles. With this canal,
a lot of them will prefer the
Sanford-Jacksonville route."
Martin makes it plain that
between the two. Jackson-
ville would rather see the
cross-state barge canal built.
The 20-mile cut across low-
land between the St. Johns
and Indian Rivers migit
cost $8 million. The cross-
state- job, 100 million-plus.
Martin adds, 'Sanford
would benefit more by the
cross-state canal, too. Most
of your raw materials come
by way of the Gulf, not the
"But wht wh we really want
is an integrated canal sys-
temr for the: whole state.
Even a canal from Sanford
through Orlando to Kissim-
mee and down the Kissim-
moe River to Lake Okeecho-
Col. E. Kirkpatrick, dis-
trict engineer of the Army
Corps of Engineers, and his
civilian assistant, Ed Eden,
are twoe passengers staying
non-committal on the value
of the canal. Gibbs hopes
to infuse them with some of
his enthusiasm.
Talf, drifts to what the
corps is doing about the ca-
Col. Kirkpatrick explains,
"Congress appropriated $19,-

I.AIK.E K ': ,;'.

Y i-" o 1 \

LtWM --
WIZLE LM0 roI 06M 0*

a0d for an economic survey
and a review of the unfavor-
able report the corps made
on the canal in 1951. No,
the corps is not working on
the survey at this time. Oth-
er jobs have higher priori-
ty. It will be completed by
June, no sooner."
He continues explaining
what happens to a finished
report. "... To the division
engineer for about a month
S. to the chief engineer at
Washington ... to the Board
of Rivers and Harbors. Pub-
lic hearings.
"The chief engineer gives
the survey results to your
congressman who releases
it to the public.
"The Board of Rivers and
Harbors presents either a
favorable or unfavorable re-
port to Congress. A con-
gressman includes your proj-
ect in a civil works bill.
"But the longest wait of
all is usually between au-
thorization of a project and
the appropriation."
Pressed for an answer,
CoL Kikapatria~ speculated
the channels procedure
would take two to five years.

W n i- c4 L

SMrs. Ingraham

Widow of Former East Coast
Official to Be Buried Today.

Special to Times-Union.
ST. AUGUSTINE, Feb. 3 -Mrs.
I James E. Ingraham. widow of James
I -Ingrham. a former vice president
i of the Florida Eazt Coast railway and
former president of the Model Land
Company, died In a local hospital at 8
o'clock this morning. following an Ill-
nese of Some duration Funeral services
Will be held tomorrow afternoon from
STrinity Episcopal church, with burial
in Evergreen cemetery.
Mrs. Inerabam. who prior to her mar-
riage In 1872 was M libF Maria Elizabeth
,Baker of St. Lousl. Mo.. was born in
that city September 22. 1851, She came
to 'Forlda with her husband in 1875.
and they settled at Newport. Three
years later they located at Sanford,
and it was in 1892 that they came to
St. Augustine. which has been the fam-
ily home ever since.
Mrs. Inrrahanm was a member of
Trinity Episcopal church, and had dur-
ing her many years cf residence here
been keenly Interested In civic welfare
and social betterment. She was a wom-
an of- beautiful character. and had
made an enable place for herself In
the community as had Mr Ingraham.
whose death was so deeply regretted
throughout the whole East Coast eec-
tion of the state, where he so well
Mrs. Ingiaham Is survived by a el~-
rer, Mrs. Frank Foreter of Sanford: a
daughter, Mrs. George W. Gibos. of
Jakpsonvtlle. and a son, James D.
Ingraham, of Mandarin, and Jackeon-
'vlle, also by four grandchildren.

Laid to Rest

Funeral Services Are Held at
St. Augustine.

ST. AUGUSTINE, Feb. 3.-Funeral
sr*r J

were held this afternooii iroti Trinitty
Bplacopl, church. Mre. Ingraham was
Ine widow of Janies E. ingrailani, ior-
ncr vice president of the 'lorlaa Bast
Coast laliway anU former president to
the M.odel Lana Oompany. ln teirL on
waVs ntaoe itn Blirgrecun cemetery.
NMrs. In:rihani. pi or to her
omariage \ias MliEs Mhari Elizabeth
Baaer of St. Louis, Moe. wvas born in
that cty Sdptmenur 22. 1B51. onling
to Floriia in 1816 Lhe couple settled at
Newport and three years later located
in Sanford. In 1892 thay carne to St.
Auguatine where ine ianill' home bas
been located since that date.
A memoir oi Trinity church, Mrs.
Ingranam bad ouiring ner nan:, years
o[' rrldeuce here been y e interesL-
ed Jol civic welfare and social better,
ment work and bad made an enviable
position In thie conimunl.lny as had her
husband whose death wi- e. deeply re,
gretzea througlihot the -whoie eart coast
Mrs. Inlraham is a revived by a sl,
ter, Mrs. Prank P. Forsier of Sanford:
a daughter, Mrs. George W. Gibbs of
Jaeksonville, and a son. James D. In.
graham of Mandarin and Jacksonville.
and 'by four grandchildren.



SGibbs, Sam McDaniel, Dr. J. R.



Mrs. Ingr'hatm and her husband
4 61 4 . -were in accord in a devoted love
fo St. Augustine, its people and
{ts institutions, and that this love
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 193'was fully appreciated and under-
stood was demonstrated in a
beautiful way when in 1922 Mr. i. -
ea i S and Mrs. Ingraham celebrated
rsInm their golden wedding anniversary.
M s. Ingrah m From every side came expressions
1 of gratitude, appreciation, good
will and affection, as well _as nu-
inerous gifts. whih were an out- <-
FUneral Services to Be ward evidence of the spirit that
S Tomorrow at pe'vailed amid a wide circle of
Tomor w at friends and acquaintances. It is
2:30 P. M. given to few people to so enjoy
such an outpouring of real affec-
tion and thoughtful appreciation
Numerous friends in St. Augus- as prevailed on this notable occa-
tine and throughout the state are sion.
deeply grieved over the death of ,.t the time of Mr. Ingraham's
s E. I w p death several years ago regret
Mrs. Janmes E. Ingraham who pass- wds universal, and love and synm-
ed away this morning in a local u a o e a s. m
ed away this morning in a local pathy went out to the widow. Mrs.
hospital after a prolonged illness. Inaham has continued to hold
Funeral services will be held to- er ae in the hearts of al hol
morrow afternoon at 2:30 o'clockce in the hearts of all who
knew her. She has spent some I E M
at Trinity Episcopal Church with tie ahe r St.e hs s tine, be- I .
Rev. L. Fitz-James Hindry, rector in a r t tor at the home o
ing a frequent visitor at the home U P
of Trinity, officiating. Interment of her daughter, George W.
will be made in Evergreen Ceme- Gibbs, in Jacksonville, but Mrs. ,
tery. R. A. Ponce has charge of ngraham always considered St. 0 "
the arrangements. Augustine home, and her love for '!
She is survived by a sister, Mrs. the place and its people was un-
Frank Foster of Sanford, Florida, faltering
one daughter Mrs. GEorge faltering. ( OLU 0
one daughter, Mrs. George W. Mrs. Ingraham came to Florida* X s
Gibbs of Jacksonville, and a son, with her husbaand when this was s E
James D. Ingraham *of Mandarin; 94 E?
ames D.ngrha andan; considered a pioneer state, and D 8I
alo by our grandchildrenmany friends have heard hier re- 0 )
SThe late Mrs. Ingraham was count some of the privations s if
born September 22d. 1551, at St. that early period. when Flonrdian.
Louis, Mo. She was AMi- Maria were indeed pioneer-4. ---
Elizabeth Baker and her marriage In the death .,f Mts. InErahain.
to James E. Ingraham, now. de- several years after e death of
ceased, was solemnized in 1872. It her distinguished husband. nho
was in 1875 that they came to was one of the empire builders as-
Florida settling at Newport, Flor- sociated with the late Henry M.
ida. They later went to Sanford, Flagier, older resident; see the
locating there in 1878.: They came passing of another of the old
to St. Augustine November 1, 189, regime, that nothbler bd of th en
:'71 reginte, that nble body of nien
and Mr. Ingraham became 1promi- and women who fought the good
nently identified with the Florida fight in Florida, and helped to
East Coast Railway, and other make the state what it is today.
Flagler interests. He \as for .
many years vice president of the SerVc s ItrLat
Florida East Coast Rai:-.ay. Con- Mrs. J E. lngraCam
pany. and president of the Model Burial was in the family plot in
Land Company. He and his w;.e, Held From Trinity Evergreen, with R. A. Ponce as the
on making St. Augustine their --funeral director.
home, took a prominent part in va- Many attended the funeral serv-I ,The late Mrs. Ingiaham was
rious affairs of the city, always ices held yesterday afternoon at greatly beloved in St. Augdstine
working for its advancement along 2:30 o'clock from Trinity Episco- which had been her home for al-
various lines. Mrs. Ingiahamn iden- pal Church for the late Mrs. Jame, most folrt years, and zhe also had
tified herself actively aith Trinit., E. Ingraham. Re.. L. Fitz-Janme nunmbrle.s friends in Jacklonville
Episcopal Church. and worked for Hindry, rector of Trinity, conduct- and Mandarin where ,f late ,ears
and with various organizations ed the service., she has spent some t.mne with lher
which had a- their objective the There, was special music. with daughter, Mrs. George \. Gbt.t;,
social betterment of the city. She Fredericld Hall presirlding t. thV and son, James D. Ingraharn.
was on the board of mnaiaers f organ, and the choir singing sev- Many camie front these places, and
the first hospital association chosen eral hy-inn, including "Abide With even further away to attend the
for Alicia Hospital, now Flagler Me" and "For All Thy Saints Who funeral. Florida East Coast Rail-
Hospital, which was organized at From Their Labor Rest," favorites way and Model Land Company
the home of Dr. Floggett, well Iwith the late Mrs. ingraham. officials, also numerous employes,
known in the city at that time. i The floral tributes were espe- attended as a special mark of re-
cially numerous and lovely, and aspect to the widaow of the late
spoke of the love and thoughtful James E. Ingraham, who was vice
regard of relative, and friends president of the Florida East
here and elsewhere. Coast Railway Company and pres-
Pallbearers were. C. A. Lamont, ident of the Model Land Company,
George Couper Hopkins, H. E. C. and who died in this ciy some
Hawkins, Randall Chase, Cyril C. years ago.
Spades, Judge George Couper o-rgo

Little Journeys


I've made a little journey into
Flary Land. When I was a tlltl. girl
I used to wake up In I'e morning
and run out to find fairies under the
rose l.aves. but my grandmother as-
sured me that I was such a la?7 girl
I could never find them at work But
their handiwork remained--re Ir-
idescent de.wdrops onthe flowers. the
rose leaves on the grass, the little
palaces of cobweb on the shrubs. I
didn't see the fairies this time,,,ther.
but I saw the beautiful palaces at
Palm Bea-h, the magnlfilcent Gulf
stream golf course below, the ocean
Boulevard between Delra and Palm
Beach, the polo grounds, the street in
Boca taton that sl five miles lonh
and said to be wider than .ny *iher
street in the United States, th,- C'l.i4-
ter Inn at BoSa Rateni. copies lfteir
a monns ervr In ol.1 Spain, furnsh.d
with antique furniture. Yet n. dcin
and coniforrable. the lihud pasac-e
'.hat dlci; tVhl ocean shore for rill6s.
and thousands of quaint little hi',rri.
that look like pictures from Mixsico
and Spain
Shan keSpeare said -'The good th-at
men do lives after them," and Luth-
er Burbank salad: "I shnil live gain
in the work I have begun." Tr,'ly a
man cannot die. but I o. nderd ht
I looked at the palatial homes that
elbov. each other along the Atintic
Boulevard, the happy nien and ''om-
en in the little L:wrns that ovrlrap
on the East Coar.t. and saw thi car-
loads of produce being shipped to
northern markets. If Henry M. Flag-
ler and his :ssociant,: could have

Into the Shops


visioned the progress of today!
Foresight of Flagler.
I marveled at the foresight and
th? faith of Mr. Flagler and at hls
magnetic personality as I thought
of the wilderneFss through which he
forced the first rallroal on the
East Coast W\hat a genius he must
have been to have foreseen the pos-
sibill:l.s of the state and To T hal e
been able to convince others to Join
him in the undertaking w'hlh has
made F-l.rlda the playgro'.in of the
world and has made possiblf- the de-
veloprrnrit of resources w-'i.:h arr-
great enough to supply the entir-
country a lii food for many years to.
As I looked out toward the Ever-
glad'.E and saw the loads of produce
I wondered If Mr. Flagler and the
brat'. nimn who followed irnm into
the wilderness foresaa this, or if
they \ r, blazing the wa1 0. a
sanctuary for the sick and the- sul-
iering and the world weary ho
could find rest and sunshine .rnd hap-
pine-s in a balmy cljmat.; who
could fl-e hither from the blasts
of the northern winter or from the
Scorching heat of the desert.
I have always admired great: pion-
crrs. Columbus who staked his all
rn finding a new way to Inda.
Magellan who risked his life to find
a passage around the world. Balbia
'vho went forth tc. find a new orcan.
Henry Hudson. John Cabot. John
Smith rnd the nmen wno faced the
perils of an untried c :: and the
dangers of a I-.ildernesw, aid I ad-
mire this man Flagler who con-
celved the creat transportalri, n rout,-
to open lip Florida to the world and
then built r.ignifiicrnt hotels to
make the railroad pay!
Father of Florida East Coast.
I don't lr,,w vlhAtthar Dzr J:Ar.,
S,'estcott v.olic put his money in the
fift-en miles of railroad that con-
nec-ted St. Augustine with the ri\er.
stearmers rwas thinking of pcst.-rity rr
of his own time. I don't know .whbth-
er hi- id-d3 was to make mnnny 'or to
help his fellow men, but I do I;now
tha i the project su.' and thai
the little strip of railroail rv- lii-
faithr of -tne rest Eatr Coast rail-
%way system. I dog't krnatv wheltthr
'1llllam Astor, Richard McLaughlln.
W. J. Jar. is. or J. N. C Stn.cKtn v who
composed the company,, with Jolhn
Westontt, which rebuilt and operated
bhis first little road dreamed of what
Plorlda was to become. E. R. Chap-
'nan, n.muel Thomas and Calvin
rice, directors of the Atlantic and
.Vestern railway which connected
he St. Johns with New Smyrna were
.nen of vision for it was they who
todk over the Blue Springs, Orange
TIty and Atlantic railroad when it
was sold by decree in 137.
Deacon S. V. White of New York
who furnished the romney for th-,
road which his brother,. U.-3. White
developed from East Palatka to Or-
mond and Daytona is another out-
sider who contributed more than he
suspected to the future of Florida.
I r. Fingler azsoc;ated with him, in
the earvl days of the Florida East
Coast, E. M. Ashley of New York,
Dr. Andrew Aiiders.on of St. Augue-
tine, J. R. Parrott of Jacksonville and
J. E. Ingraham of St. Augustine. Mr.
Ingraham was the man who madc
the eventful journey through the
Everglades in S1??-a journey
through a section that had not been
explored, and a journey fought v.ith
manifold dangers, but th- result of
this journey was that the capabili-
ties of the East Coast were discov-
ered and it was this report- that led
Mr. Flegler to extend the line to
Palm Beach, thence to Miami and
then to Key West

Day Just Dawaing.
Florida's day is Just dawnlnut
Climate is only one of Its natural
advantages.' At Delttv. klghteet -miies
t elo Palm BPa:h, I slept under a
blanket Saturday night and needed
one Sunday night if I hadn't been
too lapv to ger it. The nala.iqfl hotels
In imny section are stayvog open, to
accommodate the summer visitors.
In my little journeys here and
there I have learned much that makes
my heart swell with pride. Florida
has the largest fullers' earth mines
In the world and has a hand in re-
fining every drop of gasoline that Is
u'ed by the motorl't. Florida has
phosphate mines. The finest kaplim
is found In Florida. Pottery clay
abounds. Fruits of every kind grow
in abundance. In the northern part
of the etatfe figs, pears, pea-ches,
plums, blackberries, scupperrongs
and others grow. All the world
knows about the citrus fruits, the
pineapple industry. the strawber-
riea and the vegretahes shipped In
car load -lot. Florida has its corn
belt. Poultry growers find Florida
ideal for this Industry. Dairy cattle
thrive here. Year round pasturage
Is not only possible hut it is the-rule.
Sugarcane here produces excellent
syrup and grows luxuriatnly. Tihe
Florida tobacco section is known
throughout the country. Millions of
acres of virgin soil await the farmer,
the fruit grower, the dairyman, the
poultry raier.
Land of Plenty.
A Florida tract was valuable when
Mr. Flagler blazed a trail through
the --ate. It was valuable? last year
lihen the world went Florida mad,
bat it is still valuable, either for a
home site, a garden, a quarry, a
dairy or a vineyard. I wish I could
buy every acre of Florida la'd- I

aant. I'd be able to spend every
winter, the rest of my life, in Palm
As I came over the road made
rositble by the vision and faith of
Henry M. Flagler. his predecessors.
and his associates I wondered If the
i.nowledgp that thousands have
found happiness here, that Florida
,s rapidly becoming one of the
rinhest ELtate in the Union, that the
..enter cf ivilizatiojn is swinging to-
.:'ard the trorpl-es would make their
hearts s.-ell with pride.
A man's greatness is In direct
ratio to his service to mankind,
Henry M. Flagler and those who
worked with hLm are numbered
among the great.
Foot Note.-The data for this came
from Fleming's Memoirs.


Flagler's Faith in Florida

Justified as FEC Marks

Fifty Years of Progress

Frost-Free Climate Lured Rail Tycoon Southward to
Bring Wealth, Prosperity to Miami Area.
Just a half-century ago today on comfortable city rising on the
.April 22, 1806, the first Florida East shores of Biscayne Bay, but in or-
Coast Railway train bearing pas- der to make her dreams come true
sengers chugged into what was a railroad was needed to link this
theh an unknown obscure little section with the outside world. But
settlement on the banks of the Mi- Henry IM. Flagler at the time was
ami River, Florida, where only a preoccupied with his development
few families were living at the work at Palm Beach where he was
time. Little did the crew of that investing millions. I
first train, or the little group of During the Winter of 1894-95,
pioneers who gathered to greet it, Florida experienced one of its most
realize that they were participating destructive freezes. It killed orange
in an event which was to virtually groves in the northern part of the
mark the beginning of a great State, ruined vegetable crops, and
Florida city. nipped the coconut palms as far
The Florida East Coast Railway south as Palm Beach. James E. In-
had Just been- extended down graham, who had joined the Flag-
through the wilderness to this re- ler forces in 1892 and had visited
gion. A townsite was being laid Miami on an exploring trip across
out. streets cleared through the the Everglades the same year, un-
tangled tropical growth and lots mediately set out to learn the ex-
were being optimistically offered tent of the damage. South of Fort
for sale. Lauderdale he was surprised to(
Mrs. Julia D. Tuttle of Cleveland, find fruit trees and vegetables vir-
Ohio, had acquired a I-rge tract of tually untouched. He went on to
land on the north side of tne Mi- Miami here he called on Mrs.
ami River in 1891 and moved there Tuttle and the Brickells, who were
to live during the early 90's. The anxious to have Flagler extend his
principal other residents of the railroad down to their properties.
section were the Brickells, who pur- No Frost There.
chh.sed land on the south side of Hurrying back to St. Augustine,
the river In 1868, moved there four I ngraham promptly reported his
years later, and kept be postoffice findings to Flagler een shoig
and general Store, to which findings to Flagler, even showing
nd general store to hh p- him some of the fresh frut bloom
turesque Seminole Indians frequent- preserved in damp cotton, as evi-
ly came to trade. Small settlements dence that there had been no kill-
of pioneers existed at Coconut ing frost n that secon Faglers
Grove and Lemon City. now por- in frost M that sectn Flagnler's
tons of Greater lMiamj. interest was awakened and he im-
Pushing Down Coast. 'mediately arranged to visit Miami
Henry M. Flagler, wto had be- i person. The trip from Fort Laud-
gun the development of the East erdale south had to be made by
Coast of Florida n 1885 with the carriage over a trail that could
purchase of several small railroads scarcely be called a road. The party
in the vicinity of St. Augustine. reached Mhiami on a perfect day
and the construction of magniii- and by nightfall had thoroughly
cent resort hotels at that point, had gone over the ground.
been gradually pushing hiis railroad Negotiations between Flagler and
south down the sparsely inhabited Mrs. Tuttle continued through the
coast. By 1894. the railroad was Spring of 1895 By June a definite
extended t the shores of Lake agreement was reached whereby
Worth, where Flagler built the im Mrs. Tuttle gave Flagler 100 acres
manse Royal Pomciana Hotel. trans- of lani for a hotel site and other
formed Palm Beach into a beauti- purposes, and each alternate lot In
lul resort, and on the opposite the rest of her holdings, while the
shore of the lake hid out the citv Brickells granted each alternate lot
o V West Palm Beach. from their lands south of the river.
Still farther south the liscavne Flagler, in return, agreed to extend
Bay region was still an Inaccessible his railroad down to the Miami
wilderness that could bt reached River. construct a large resort ho-
only by boat. Up until 1893, the tel, clear streets, finance water
mail between Palm Beach and Ml- works, an electric light plant and
ami was carried by a man on ioot, other improvements.
who covered most of the 60-odd Work on extending the Florida
miles by walking the lonely ocean East Coast Railway south from
beaches as there were no Inland West Palm Beach, began during
trails. It took him a tull week to the late Summer of 1895, and was
make the round-trip, pushed with all possible speed. It
Mrs. Julia Tuttle, with true was out through a virtual wilder-
feminine intuition, had visions of a ness as on one stretch of 52 miles

there was but a single habitation.
Meanwhile, attracted by the im-
pending development, new settlers
began to arrive at Miami. where
they had to live in palmetto-
thatched huts and tents until more
substantial buildings could be
Finally on April 15, 1896, the last
section of the new railroad exten-
sion was completed and a Uttle
freight train arrived with a load of
building materials, followed on April
22 by the first train bearing pas-
sengers and the establishment of
regular service. In July, 1896, Mi-
ami was incorporated with 502 vot-
ers and a population of possibly
1.000. The Royal Palm Hotel went
up during the Summer and opened
for the season of 1897. attracting
people of wealth to the new city.
Plagler-flnanced water works, a

sewerage system and electric light
plant were soon completed.
At first the Infant, city grew
slowly. By 1900 it had a population
of 1,681 and the 1910 census show-
ed 5,471. Then its growth became
more rapid, reaching 29,571 inha@i-
tants in 1920, and 110,637 by 1930.
Greater Miami, including Miami
Beach and surrounding communi-
ties, is now estimated to have in'
excess of 300,000 residents, making;
it the most populous area in the

1.1 EE3I 11 s33 Ei ME



j-v_, $

VhA : cL -. -

'\ I <.

I' 7I


Topflight Civic Example

Set By Early Miamians

,l.MI.'S TITLE as "the Magic City" never seems more apt than on this date
each year. It is the anniversary of the incorporation of the city on July 28, 1896-
only 57 years ago.
In that brief time, a hamlet in a wilderness has flowered into the young me-
tropolis which is Greater Miami today.
Two names come to mind at once inthoughts of'Miami's beginnings. One is

Henry M. Flagler, who linked the spot wilh 1
his Florida East Coast
Railroad io the lMiami an
The orihlr is Mill.
Julia E. Turtle. who
induced Flaeler to
extend :hi rnlol /
here. .'-
The role of Ihe -
two in startl iiL Miari '!nl
is familial.
Less '.:i 1kI'. .'.n ih
are the c.-.rl :,t, t li 'r:.; .-
of several Flagler MILLS
aides. Their deeds at crucial moments
helped stabilize the infant community.
These facts were called to our at-
tention recently by Charles A. Mills,
who was a youthful time-keeper in 1896
for the construction company which
built the Flagler hotels along Florida's
East Coast.
Mills gives first place to James E.
Ingraham, who was president of Flag-
ler's Model Land Co. and Fort Dallas
Land Co.

BACK IN 1893, Ingraham led ah ex-
pedition which crossed the Everglades
from Fort Myers to Miami.
"It was Ingraham who discovered Mi-
ami for Flagler," Mills points out.
"Then comes the name of Joseph A.
McDonald of the firm of McGuire &
McDonald, builders of the Flagler sys-
tem of hotels.
"After the end of the 1896-97 winter
season, Miami .was the stopping place
and last of the Flagler hotels. We had
hundreds of men out of work. Florida
had not recovered from the panic of
the same year.
"McDonald, realizing the plight of
our unemployed and their families,
with the co-operation of Ingraham in-
duced Flagler to authorize the con-
struction of 'cottages' -onwhat are,now
Flagler st.,- SE First and Second sts.,
S mainly to provide work.

rest of: the country by bringing

* 1
ie m
hli i

"Two of the most far-seeingand cou-
rageous of Flagler's top men were J. R.
Parrot, president of the Florida East
Coast Railway, and R. W. Parsons, presi-
dent of the Peninsular *& Oclcl:ntdal
Steamship Co.
"THESE TWO MEN convinced Flag-
ler that it would be good business to dig
a ship channel from Cape Florida to the
Sixth st. docks, which meant more work
for local people.
"During the fall and. winter of 1897
and 1S98. many of our men turned to

farming and experienced the misfortune
of having their parly crops destroyed by
a freeze.

"Frederick S. Morse, the agent for
country lands of the Model Land Co.,
prevailed upon Ingraham to ask Flag.
ler to advance loans to any farmer for
seed and fertilizer for replanting.

"Again in 1898 when the season was
over, there came a slump and unem-
ployment. The sinking of the USS Maine
in Havana Harbor started the war in
*k *
"MIAMI'S EFFORTS to get troops
seemed to be wasted until a group of
businessmen called upon McDonald.
"Regiments of soldiers were ordered
to Miami from Alabama, Louisiana and
"In 1899, Flagler decided to build the
Colonial Hotel in Nassau, Bahamas,
which provided wbrk for most of the
skilled mechanics living in Miami.

"This was the year that Dade coun-
ty people were to vote on whether or
not to move the county seat, then at
Juno, north of Palm Beach. Dade coun-
ty at that tiihe extended from -Stuart
to the Monroe county line, a very big

"With so many Miami men working
In Nassau. it looked as if West Palm
Beach would be selected the county
"An appeal was made to John B.
Reilly, our first mayor and a close per-
sonal friend of J. Colton Salteri confi-
dential secretary and adviser tp Flagler
in New York.
"After a few days the answer came
by cable that all registered voters work-
ing in Nassau would arrive in Miami
in time to vote."
A li.111, won the county seat.
MILLS, HIMSELF now one of Mi-
ami's senior citizens and a volunteer
worker for various worthy causes, con-
"All these men performed their dut-y
to Flagler loyally. They also per formed
great service to a struggling city, al-
though they had no business or personal
benefits to gain."

The good they did more than half-
a century ago isn't forgotten today.

Like everyone who has li'.e:l in this
community in the past 57 years, and all
who will clueil here in the future, these
men helipedi: rit;e tie history of Miami.
Tribute will be p,'l t... their works at
the City-Miami Woman's club sponsored
banquet which will be followed by a
community meeting in Bayfront Park
It can be said of them that their page
isn't blank.
Miamians of today may well ask
themselves: "What am I doing for the
betterment of this community? Will my
contribution, larggar-smatll help make
Miami-a--good place to live 50 years


.AI" 2_-



Whitehall Built by Flagler for 21- Million Dollars as Tribute to Wife

Museum Turns History's Spotlight

On Florida Pioneer Builder Flagler
Carrere and Hastings gathered
PALM BEACH, Feb. 13---Sooner art treasures from all over the time, talents and1 fortune to
or later, history's spotlight was world for the three-stviy. marbleFl''rda's de l,,p rnt .-
sure to overtake Henry Morriusn and granite palace overlok- Carveq ut Vacationland'
Flagler. ing Lake Worth. I For the next 30 years, Flag-
Now it ha--nearl' a hall cen- P r .a a sober. re ler found one enterprise after
~th -riitF'ilir r. rhve lnrer alona Florida's east coast,
tury after his death. man wno alwa.'s avoided fanfdrc. *cr:r ng a vac.ariionand out of
This extraordinary man, and In 18PL, wnen he nad pillshed tarei- wilderness. and setting In
the extraordinary home he built the tracks of his railroad. the motion forc-s .[ prosperity that
here in 19I2, was tne center of Florida Coast Railway. remain ital in the state's -cono-
interest again last week as social across the 13.t yards of e".amp in.. His pr,,ict--rel-.-,it h,:tels.
and civic leaders from three con- and underbrush to reach the Lt-,railroads. ateamintp lines. land .
tinents assembled for a eala bene- tie trading post of Foirt Dallas, crmpnirIes-. public uthties, ani:ng
fit ball to signal the opening of grateful settlers wanted to renaine i:ir. prrlii.'iced a bo'.:.m. In
the Henry Alorilson Flagler Mu- their village Flagler. He declined l188e, gross value of tne se-en
seium. the honor, expressing preference counties where tli efillerprises
Once acain giiests strolled for the colorful Indian name were concentrated .was slirhtly.
through the glittering chambers Miami. over 12 mdlion dr.Uars: b: 1 908
of the celebrated Flakier man- Teamed With Rockefeller their value had ri-n to 3 million
sion. Whit-eala, ne.aly restored as Flagler was still a .ouna man dollars.
a public museum dedicated to the when he met an Ohio gran mer- Flagier faiianc -i his Florida
memory of Florida's pioneer chant whose energy's and arril- ventures out of hlu own pocket, to
budder, lion matched his own. Tne mer- the tune of an estimated 50 mil-
It was in these same rooms, chant was Rockefeller. The? be- lion dollars. No other American
early in the century, that Flag. came friends and tien budsine-ss had ever undertaken such. vast
ler entertained friends and as associates, and logetner entered projects by means of his own
sociates, including his long-tmel the infant oil business in 067. persona' fortune.
business partner, Jolin D. Rocke- In a few 'years. their partnership Few. if an',, embarked on such
feller. Otner prominent. visitors gre.r into, the Standard Oi Co. prodir ous adventures so late In
were Elihu Root. secreriy of Years later, alth Standard Oil life. He was i5 when he founded Henry M. Flagler
state under President rueodore established as the nation's lar-est Miami. 7.5 v ren ne d,:cided to
Rooe:e it. and Adm. George enterprise. Rockefeller was al:ed 'exindi his railroad to Kve West. founded. Museum trustees, head-
Dea.ev, hero of Manla' Bay. 1if he had originated tne idea A lifelong church worker. Flag- ed by Flagler's eraiddai.ghtir,
'rDol ii n i for the vast business empire. "No. ler helped establish enlrches. Mrs. Jean Flagler Gonzales. will
Cost 2' Million Dollars sir." he replied, "I wish I'd had schools and hospitals in tne com- offer the museum's facilllles to
Fla,'ier, a NIE Yi'rk minister's the brains to think of it. It was munities that sprang up as a re- civic, philanthropic, ana service
son vho wecale one of til Henry Flagler." 'sult of his commercial enterprises. organizations for programs and
world s wealthiest men. built Flagler was already a million- It is in this tradition of public other special events. The museum
Whitenall at a cost of 2l iml.- service that the non-profit museum will be open to the public year-
lion dollar as a tribute to his e man times over when he dedicated in his memory was round.
wife, Mary K'nan Flagler. A.c- rst set foot in Florida in me_
Scordci to legend, he inarruereid late 1870's. Doctors had advised e
his architects, John Crrere ad the trip for the health of his first ,. )i- J\ \ CA
Thomats Hastings, to "build me wife, Mary Harkness Flagler. She
the finest home you can think ded in 1881. and Flagler, griev- .. .
of ing, decided to withdraw from
corporate duties to devote his V.. \0,X


FIFTY YEARS OF PROGRESS MARKS VAST CHANGES-Fifty years ago the business section of Miami itop right) was virtually a
wilderness when the first Florida East Coast Railway train chugged in over an extension of the railroad that had just been completed south
from West Palm Beach. Streets were being cut through the tangled tropical growth and lots hopefully offered for sale. Three months later
Miami was incorporated with 502 voters and a possible 1,000 inhabitants. Symbolizing a half-century of progress and development, the pic-
ture (top left) shows the little wood-burning locomotive that pulled the first Florida East Coast Railroad passenger train Into Miami 50
years ago, contrasted with one of the line's modern Diesel-electrics. In the background are the Dade County Courthouse and other imposing
buildings, which have risen out of the wilderness and are typical of Miami's present day growth.
An old photograph of the first Florida East Coast Railway passenger train (bottom left) that arrived in Miami 50 years ago, April 26,
1896, was an event which virtually marked the beginning of this great Florida City. Only a few families lived there at the time. Greater
Miami today, including Miami Beach and surrounding communities, has an estimated 300,000 population. Hehry M. Flagler. (bottom right.
pioneer developer of the East Coast of Florida, who with Mrs. Julia D. Tuttle, was instrumental in founding Miami a half century ago. Mrs.
Tuttle and the Brickolls, who were almost the sole residents of Miami at the time, offered to share their land holdings if Flagler would extend
his railroad south from West Palm Beach to the Miami River and finance other improvements. The railroad reached that point in April of
1896, launching Miami upon Its career of magic growth.

, -~ c Z




special dispatch to the Times- dollars; Ida Romley, ten thousand dol-
U- n from West Palm Beach dated lars, both faithful servants; to Mary,
ye erday says: her cook, five thousand dollars; John
he will of Mrs. Robert Worth Bing. Lucas; her god child, five thousand dol-
ha,' formerly wife of Henr MI. Elag- leaves rang
.er, has been filed for probate here. It Several small legacies ranging
names Williani R. Kenan, Jr., and' W. from one to five thousand dollars,
A. Blount as executors and trustees, tqare left to other persons.
serve without bond or Ifventory. It 'Managers of the Flagler hotels at
disposes of the great Flagler estate as rlte time of Mr Flagier's death, are left
follows: To her beloved niece, Louise ten thousand dollars each.
Clisby Wise mnow Mrs. Lenis' all real "Trustees of the Flagler Memorial
estate except that vested in trustees church, St. Augdstine, ten thousand
under tb4 will of H. M.,Flagler, with dollars. Presbyterian church, Miami,
request that she dispose of it by will ten thousand dollar. Each servant in
so that her father and his wife shall her employ five years, one thousand
not receive benefit or use of same. All dollars each.
her pearls are left to Louise Clisby "In addition to real estate, Loldee.
SWise. The remainder of her jewelry CIlsby Wise is to receive an annual in-i
iIs left to her sisters, Jessie Kenan come of two hundred thousand dollars
Wise and Sarah Graham Kenan, except until she is forty years of age. wtben
one piece to her sister-in-law, Alice she 'ill receive five million dollars.
Kenal. I If she should die before forty, her bus-
-*TThe remainder of her property is band is to receive one million dollars.
left to W. R. Kenan. Jr.. and W'. A. Seventy-five thousand dollars is
Blount, in trust for William R. Kenan, left to establish a Kenan professorship
Jr.; Jessie Kenan Wise and Sarah in the University of North Carolina, in
Graham Kenan, to be shared equally, the interest of the youth of North
as follows: Standard Oil stock, six Carolina and in memory of father and
thousand andi. ty shares California uncles of Mrs. Bingbam.
companyy stock, forty-eight hundred "In event of death of either sister
Indiana, three hundred Kansas. four without issue the husband surviving is
hundred and fifty Kentucky, one hun- to be paid half a million dollars. In
dred and fifty Nebraska, sixteen hun- event of brother's death, his widow to
dred New Jersey. twelve thousand New c.rerive half million dollars.
York. fie hundred Ohio. All of the rest of the estate shall be
"Other legacies: To Owen Kenan, held twenty-one years for maintenance
cousin, with deep affection, three hun- and development of the East Coast.
'dred. thousand dollars. To her faith- rail ay and hotel properties. At end of
ful pastor and friend. Dr. George Mor- that period it is to he equally divided
gan Ward, twenty-five thousand dol- b-tweven William R. Kenan and Jes-sie
lars. To Emily Kenan, twenty thou- Ke-nan Wise and Sarah Grahbm Kenan.
ziand dollars. To Thomas S. Kenan. If either be dead and survived by hus-
i.n.ty thousand dollars. band or wife same to receive five mil.
"Mary Pope. god child, twenty thou- lion dollars.
sand dollars; Janett Mitchell of Ral- "The executors are to rece-ive fifty
igin .r enr'y thousand dollars: Nlr-. J. thousand dnilars annually fr si-r\ice-.
B. McCIEllan of Cleveland, twenty The will wae executed at White
houhaund dollars, to purchase some- Sulphur Springs. Va September
thing for personal useu r-enmbrance; :i. 191', signed Mary Lily Fiaeler; re-
W. H. Beardsley, in appreciation of all affrmed at Louisville after her mar-
his,kindness. twentyfive thousand dolr riage to Robew Worth Binrham and
lars. to Mary Mount, four thousand assented to by him Dectmber 8, 191C."

*t*r*-..-* ,-- -- --

Deatl of Anotler Promiinent Fignre
In Florlda's Earl- History.
[. c'.:' l 1.' the Citizen I
O('rl3ia.:, S-Ip. 13 -The wires bring
the nen f ,:i the death i.i General Rich-
ird 'C Ga3in, at Mount Net.:, Ark, a
di a l, ;ig tl hre rnii-le southh i'f
Srlan.:. lieS Llk- Gat3n, a Be.autiful
an pi.'turesque sh,-t of mater On the
r n-rtrh I:.nk r. this lake. on an elevation
*:.:riol:.;.ng three lakr:A, i:.nce stood Port
Gatjit.. A I-- ,.lv d orare and ang ua'a
tree', anid a iti pine nosas that .were
a part .:. ie ,li st.,:kal3e, ire all tnat
rein.i na .:.f rh- tfr.:,n ;er fort that was
built and occ.upird -luring tie Seminole
war The- forr has dii.appear-ed. The
lak r.snimd in hi' nonovr C-annot so
eas.l:. ri- 7 rip,.j fro:n the face .:.f the
enrtr i. ri i,, a l the ar:ti,:.n :f the
elem-int-r U.itiri Hill". the site .jf the
old f.rt i onre of the mrn: t at cra tlve
tpii:cl .: ;gr-':unds in ltis rpari of thn State.
The- rPli trec, wzre u:t awma ears
aS-:- ;n r.!l br.:,i -;sFrilini Ii, l.e aks
ha-'.' ..r vr n I.i in t it he -te.i-a These
otil--K I-, .'e ..E ,,r.ic.j si d.- f.:r riany a
pikn,: p.irt:., ,iuiing tn1 lat-r years.
JuiLT t.. t -he ,:.St til. site of trii- old
folr .nri l..en atr h th- hheltcr .:4 the
oaliz 7'.1i WVallare Harve-y. tne h,-rmit
,:: L :: -. his c-az.v-!itt!t ci :ttag-, -.;ll.
IZi" her. nirh nature ia\e wh:n the
Il.'lc- I- .- -lt .rn -d ,,it[i rlia u-'ure iaij-
ttL:-. .iirr tr~. viar th.e Pr'-ei ty was
pur .ha..J I:., A.iti:r RindoIlph jof his-
to': narin -, r in: i ci to ti-, ,-ction
a ti'r r t i.:;i itiu.j. -S .:-f .ar naod swept
av. In- f.:rtun.L. Th- privact- *:rem'e.-
tei R_ in.'J l ih ta.rt, I, h.i r mut a
t',, *, i, nr,. Srn '... airli Vitr.on the
tr. rgle frm-IJ ; n trc lakes-
Gatlun I -m Ni Mary, and Jenrin J.--ell.
In 1rn. e.irli: .1.- s. n'h-n IMaj...r Ran-
doli i -i -:,rpcning ur i a hirne in the
Wild ..' Stirtlh F'lnri.i. l Iii- iM-1re an-
otlhi r m-r'in. 11rn-.,e liime is Intimately
a.3,- iaLted with the -rear njnine ot
S.An rli.' -Ma-j.r Eplcs. a -randrs. n .*.'
Thiioma J-ert-r.on. Eoth men d]ed here.
Thi- d- :.r-ndia-,t, :' o, -tdi li ve here.
[hi ne ire ,:.[ Dri. W. F. Shin or" St.
I Aucastin.. i'. .: ;i-,1 in Nei- Yo:rk a
f- iA'"s. .d r .. 3 nd r,'lh.F-e remains ar
int-ri-.) hi re t..-Ja:.., '. i a daughtli,-r
.- i t ; l,:i E.ppc rTv,,:, :.f si t-rs,
Mrm T, S Sinine and MrSn H W.
IGr.- t an,. I,''e in iOrlandno, ihonc.ire-d and
r:-t!e.:r.,-d bi. ll who kn:owr them Thius.
one ry .ne. [t.:;..- n ,., iLruril sz:. c-,n-
S-,in:u i.uly n tine early dev,-.-i.iient?
:f thi i-.:trvn are ra ingr and the his-
tr-,ry .:i tli.-f early days' i begin i bul'id
.wih nlh-rri. it is a history that In its
entirety would be more Interesting than
any novel.


im, ROIL,-:


OF MR. FLAGLER-$10,000

The last will and testament of Mrs.
Mary Lily Bingham. who before her
'marriage to Robert W. Blngham was'
Mrk. Henry M. Flagler, Is a volumin-
ous document, filling about five pages
,of ordinary newspaper type. It has
been filed In Palm Beach county.
The two trustees' of the estate are
:allowed $50,000 per year to cover their
services' in full. n
RnhberL W. BBingban COacum In t
Some of the main piintsa in the will
are as follows:
"I direct that all my debts, funeral
expenses and the expenses of carrying
out and administering the provisions
of this instrument sbaill be fully paid,
"I hereby appoint William R. Kenan,
;Jr., of the city of Lockport, in the state
of New York. and William A. Blount of
Ithe city of Pensacola, in the State of
IFlorida, as the executors of and trus-
tees under this, my last will and testa-
ment. and I do hereby exempt them,
nod each of them, from the giving of
any bond which may be required under
any law or by an court, and also ex-
empt them from the filing of any in-
ventories or accounts of my estate, or
of the administration thereof; and
from the provisions of any law pre-
scribing or restricting the character of
property or securities in which they
may invest, the principal or income,
or other increments, of my estate, as
hereinafter provided.
"I give and devise unto my beloved
niece, Louise Clisby Wise. if she shall
:survive me, all the real estate. where- I
;ever situated, which is now owned by
me. excluding from this devise any
real estate the title Lo which is vested
-In the trustees under the will of my
late husband. Henry M. Flagler. While
the absolute title and power of disposi-
'tion will be in my said niece, it is my
wish that if she does not dispose of,
the said property during her life-time
she shall dispose of it by will, by which
her father, and any wife or children
of him, shall be excluded from any in-
terest therein or use hereof
"1 give and bequeath to my said
niece all my pearls, and to my broth-
er's wife Alice, one piece of jewelry, to
be selected by my said trustees: and
to my sisters, Jessie Kenan Wise and
Sarah Graham Kenan, all the rest of
my jewelry, share and share alike, to
be divided between them by my said
trustees, and their division to be final
"All the rest and residue of the prop-
erty. real and personal,of which I shall
die seized and possessed. I give, devise
and bequeath unto the said William R.
Kenan, Jr., and William A. Blount, and ,
their successors and assigns, In trust,
however, as follows:

"I give and bequeath unto, ad my
TVI eai.jgijvelr, Pon mP j death;
.to', Wiii iamn-it. Knsa. Jr.;.
my sister, Sarah Graham Kenan, and
my sister, Jessie Kenan Wise, share
and share alike, the following oil
stocks now owned by me, towit: '
"Six thousand and fifty (6.050)
shares California Standard Oil Com-
pany stock;
"Forty-eight hundred (4,800) shares
Indiana Standard Oil Company stock;
"Three hundred (300) shares Kansas
Standard Oil Company stock;
"'Four hundred and fifty (4l0) shares
Kentucky Standard Oil "Company
"One hundred and fifty (150) shares
Nebraska Standard Oil Company stock;
'Sixteen thousand (16,000) shares
New Jersey Standard Oil- Company
"Five hundred (500) shares of Ohio
standard Oil Company stock.
"If my said brother, or my sister,,
Jessie Kenan Wise, shall dIt before
my death, the legacy to him or her
herein provided for shall fail. But if
my brother shall die before me, leav-
Ing a wife living at my death, myI
trustees shall ppy to her one-half mil-
lion ($500,000)) dollars, and if my said
sister shall die before me, leaving a
husband living at my death, my trus-
tees shall pay to the said husband sur-
viving one-half million ($5,0,000) dol-
"If my sister, Sarah Graham Kenan,
shall die before me, leaving at my
death no children, the legacy to her
herein provided for shall fail. But if
she shall die before me, leaving a hus-
band, but no children, living at my
death, my trustees shall' pay t him
one-half million ($500,000) dollars. If,
however, my said sistereshall die leav-
ing, living at my death, a CbT &r chib-
dren, or a child or children &pd a Ires-
band, ,then the legacy to fty sister
herein provided for shall go to the said I
child, if there be but one, and there'
be no husband, or, to the children,
share and share alike, if there be more
than one and no husband, or. to the
husband and the children or children,
if there be a husband, share and share
"I give to each of the following per-
sons, and my trustees shall pay to
them, the following sums of money,
"a. To my cousin, Owen Kenan,
three hundred thousand ($300,000)
dollars, with deep affection from me;
"b. To my faithful pastor and friend,
Dr. George Morgan Ward, twenty-five
thousand ($25.0001 dollars;
-c. To my cousin, Emily Kenan.
twenty thousand 1$20,000) dollars;'
"d. To my cousin, Thomas S. Kenan,
twenty thousand ($20,0001 dollars:
"e. To my godchild, Mary Pope,
daughter of John Russell Pope, of New
York, twenty thousand ($20,000) dol-
'"f. To Mrs. Janet Mitchell iwidowp
of Raleigh. N. C., twenty thousand
($20,000) dollars; -
"g. To Mrs. J. B. McClellan, datigh-
ter .f Mrs. Berry York, of Cleveland
Ohio, Ewo thousand (42,000) dollar r:,,
to bb used by her for the purchase for

her peitso4 -t ii
remenriab of:Q. i
S"h. T^T .iH. Beargdley, t^H^.
tvie- thound- (S25,000) dollars, In .j
precaution of all his kindness to n
"i. To my faithful servant, M
Monk of Raleigh, N. C., four thousand
($4,10001 dollars;
"j. With deep affection to my faith-
ful servant. Ida Remly, ten-thousaind
(1-10,000u dollars;
Sk. To Mar (my cook),
five thousand I$5,000) dollars;
"'r. To James Weeks, ten thousand
($10.00O-1 dollars:
S"n. To Mollie Dick. nife of W. A
[Dick of Wilmineton, N. C., ten thou-
sand i .10,0:1.:1 dollars;
'o. To Mrs. Stie Corprew, wife of.l
Burress Corprew of Norfolk, V, five
thousand i$5,000i dollars;
"p. To my eodchild. John Lucas, son
of Van Court Lucas, of Sound Beach,
Conn.. five thousand ($5,0iiji dollars;
S'q. To such persons as were man-
agers of the Popci. de Leon, Alcazay,
.Or, lond Beach. Royal Poinciana, The'
Breakers. Royal Palm and Colonial
.,otels. at the time of the death of my
husband, Henry M. Fliler, and who
shall also he managers of said hotels
at my death, ten thousand ($11,0010)
Dollars each:
".r To the trustees of the Memorial
Presbyterian bChur':h Socit y of Saint
Augustine, Fla., ten thou and (l$1,-
i0001 dollar':
"s. To the Flagler hospital, at St.
Augustine. or to such trustees or other
body rI-pre senting it as may be en-
itlJed to receive the same, ten thou-
sand I1 1 0I.'Ii dollars;
"t. To the Presbyterian church, at
Miami. Fla, or to such trustees or oth-
er body representing it a. may be en-
titled to receive the same. ten thou.
arid O 11 1.0'u dollars;
..u: To Miss Hannah P. Bolles of
Wilmington, N. C., ten thousand ($10,-
..110 ) dollars:
"v. To eact of my servants who
ball. at the time of my death, have
,been with me for the five immediately
preceding consecutive years, one thou-
sand ($1.i000) dollars;
I w. If any person to whom a legacy
is given by this paragraph (item fifth,
la.agraph 2), shall die before me,
* jfg.a husband or wife, or child or
cl ren, living at my death, such'
'hus and or wife, or child or children,
[shajl take the legacy herein given to'
the'husband or wife, or parent, as the
case may be. And if the person so
dead shall leave two or more of the
said representatives, they shall take
the legacy share and share alike."
The will directs that her wishes!
with refereaoe to the Florida 'Bast'
Coast Railway Company and the Flor-
ida East Coast Hotel properties shall
be carried out.

.- \(: L.. 1

Crea t the s le of ?orty^ (40
year, 'at which tine'ot as soon there-
after as compatible with tire Interests
of-in state, they shall pay to her thle
sum of five' million ($5,000,000) dol-
lars. It she shall die unmarried before
my. death, 'and before she shall be forty
J s qf age, this legacy shall fall. But
hob shall, before my death die mar-
0 leaving at my death a.alfiAa
tU, or children .~ s.iaftt1 y
be Iore she sh 50i or
-ma, w,

atcy htifll g to them l '.eilgirl
qia~ble at my'death, i dte tt before
me, or upon her death, It she die be-
tfr&-me, or upon her death, if she die
after me, or in either case, as soon as
c lpatible with the interests of my
,etate. Bt if she shall before my
death, die married, leaving only a Bius
bi&d living at my death, or die mar-
ried after my death, and before she,
shifll be forty years of age, leaving
only a husband living, he shall receive
from my trustees, upon my death, if
"she die before me, or upon her death,
if-she die thereafter and before she
shall be forty years of age, or, in eith-
er case, as soon thereafter as com-
patible with the interests of my estate,
the sum of one million $1l,O00,,000)
dollars. The compatibility in every
event above shall be determined ab-
solutely by my trusteess"
A trust of $75,000 annually is di-
rected tb be paid to the University of
North Carolina.
"It is directed that "all the rest and
residue 'of my estate, including all
lapsed' bequests or devises, shall be
hold' for the term of twenty-one years
from the date of this will by and said
trustees, in trust for the maintenance
td :- Imiatration. and development
i WtB isEidaW.ast Coast Railway and
tX~t.- Easls Coast hotel prop-
ASC ch are here ifter called


(T (LoUisville Times-'ews Bureau,)
'F ouisville, Ky., Aug. 16.-The wilj'of
fs. Robert Worth Btnghan, disposing
an estate of about $70,000,000, .was
ipobated? Wednesday in West Palm
Beach, Fla. The codicil to the will,
t,4ough which Judge Bingham will in.
herit $5,000,000, will be probated here,
al it was,executed in Louisville after
the marriage last fall. The will ro-
bated in'Florida was erecu'ted at W jte
,ulphur Springs, W. Va., Seprem er
2,, 1916, and was reaffirmed by Mrs.
Bitigham In Louisville December 8,
116S. after her second marriage.
As forecast'by persons familiar *ith
,th contents .I Mrs Bingliam's aill,.
th bulk of her estate goes to' her
favorite niece, Mrs. Louise .Wise
Lewis, now of New York and formerly'
of Wilmington, N. C. By the will Mrs.
Lewis inherits all of the realty except
that vested in trustees under the will
of Henry M Flagler: Mrs. Bingham's
string of pearls. $i200.000i a year until
she is 411 years egd, and then $SuiA.OO.
Lh a lump sum. Other bequests are
made to relatives. principally brothers,
sisters and nieces, servants. friends
and on- or two institutions.
Juder Alex P. Humprirey of the law
firm of Humphrey, Middleton & Hum.
phrey, in charge of Mrs. Bingham's
legal affairs in Louisville. said that the
nev.-w or the prob.ting of the will in
West Palm Beach. Fla., last Wednes-
day was a surprise to him and that
he bad re-eived no notification of the
filing of the document except through
the published account.
He stated that -he probating, of the
will v-itBmut tl@ cR8lei1 bequeathing
Juade Bi~ h .f0fl4 Qflj.0 would. not

affect the legality of the codicil. It
will .be probated in Kentucky.' The
firm will take other steps to place MlB.
Bingbam's affairs in shape for the ad-
ministrator. -Judge Humphrey also
said that just -at present he did not
know,what complications might arise
from the probating of the will in
There is a good deal of mystery
about the will, but none of it attaches
to the seasons for filing it for probate
in Florida. This is reasonably cleared
up by the provision that the executors
shall receive $50,000 annually for their
services. They are not Kentuckians
and could not serve in this Sttg
wbh tfp u g w-Bra-tue"stntret-t b yt
adlnuistrator. Consequently had the
document not been filed tn Florida,
William R. Kenan, Jr., and, W. A.
Blount would have been unable to col-
lect the annual $50.000 each.
As to the inheritance tax, lawyers
here say that only realty held in other
States is 'not subject to Kentucky In-
heritanc- tax. since Kentucky was
Mrs. Bingham's domicile and she was
a citizen of Kentucky This means
that all her personality, including
shares of stock in companies where-
ever chartered, is subject to an in-
heritance rax here as well as in the
States of their charter. This double
inheritance t.x will he supplemented
by the general Federal inheritance tax
on everything.
it i. said to be undisputed in law
that Kentucky can collect on every
.possession of Mrs Bineham except
realty held in other States. This would
,make litigation unneqeasary and make
KenTtucky's share d( tlidi4ra over $3,-
000,000. "'. -

'Pfietlpa. propertlet held by snbaid
'-Pihncipal 'propArtles"i, and the prop-
erties held by subsidiary companies.
And.' tl that eqd, my said trustees
shall lxye power to sell any of my said
e:egtte except the stocks and
S&Ttbe principal properties':
to eat the proceeds of such sales
aad the-Income and increments of all
.jaaid residue estate in such securi-
ties or oher properties as they may
think best; to use any of the said
proceeds or said income or increments
for the benefit of any of said princi-
pal or subsidiary properties: to make
and execute any and all obligations;
and all pledges and mortgages of any
of my said residue estate except the
stocks and beds of the said principal
properties, which, may be necessary
for .the purposes of the maintenance,
administration or development of the
said principal properties, and the
stocks and bonds.thereof, for any prop-
erty which to them may seem desira-
hble to be acquired for the benefit of
the -said principal or subsidiary prop-
,ertlep, and contm.uingly toinvest, sell
and re-invest, at such times and Itn
sugh mhainer.and lp such sums. anih th

such properties as may .jeem to them
desirable, for the piatpose of carrying
out the maintenance, administration
and development of the said prop-
erties, the primary purposes of this
trust being ihe keeping together of
the enterprise Into which my beloved
husband. Henry M. Flagler, put so
much of his energy, ambition and life."
Then follow instructions to the trus-
tees as to the management of the trust
in detail and a provision that any
beneficiary of the will who contests it
shall forfeit all interest in it.
The will was made September 23,
1916, and reaffirmed December 8, 1916,
after her marriage to Mr. Bingham.

A general strike vote was taken yes-
terday by 15,000 girls in the paper,
box trade In New York, who are re-
ferred to by unionist organizers as
"the most exploited in New York."

So great were the, wees-end crowds
at Coney*Island that bathing suits
which usually rent for a quarter
brought from $2 to $3.

The Evening Recordr. 10 per week.

_V t 22


----~--~----;i ---- ----U~i~_


Florida Recovery

Amazes Boosters

Financial Improvement Spectacular-State
PilesU4p Huge Surplus As Banks
Continue Growth
Because of the wide publicity given to hectic real estate
speculation with which Florida was afflicted in 1925, per-
sons outside Florida became obsessed with the idea the chief
business of Florida was real estate speculation.
When gambling in real estate ceased in December, 1925,
thesee same people became satisfied business in Florida and
its progress had ceased, and thereupon this State was af-
Flicted with such a series of misrepresentations affecting
'its solvency and credit and the solvency and credit of its
:anks and institutions as no State in history ever had to
:-ontend with.
Because of the weakening, to a
greater or less extent, of confi-
dence in Florida's institutions a de- Floridas eeal Merit
flation period set in which did'not The reason for it is that Florid
end until July. At that time there has real merit. It has had co
were published the statements of stant atid continuous developers
the banks of the country, as called ;for. many years.'- The hetic re:
tor by the Comptrtller of the Cur- :estate gambling wab simply an i
rency, and the statements of Flor- cident to our extraordinary an
ida banks showed them .to be in sound commercial development
sounder and more liquid condition, and, contrary to the general opi
having more cash as against total ion throughout the United State
resources and more cash as against Florida, as a whole, has ddne
total deposits, than the banks of 1926 the greatest amount of bus
any State in the Union. So proud ness in its history.
were the Florida banks of their By reason of its incomparab
condition that niany of them had climate and the productivity at
their statements published in New variability of its soil it raises 21
York. varieties of field crops, fruits ar
State's Resources Rise vegetables; supports its people
And now, although Florida 'has, probably the same number of tou
gone through this deflation 1per4 ists; and ships 100,000 carloads
plus a terrific storra, its banks perishable commodities annually.
have total deposits of $750,000,00.: It receives millions of dollars a,
more than three times the amount nually from its sponge industry
of deposits of the entire sixteen fish and sea-food industry, nav
Southern States in all of their stores, lumber, phosphate and ca
banks and trust companies in 1881; tie industries, and from the hu
the State does not owe a dollar, dreds of thousands of tourists wi
does not have one penny of out- come to Florida; and the value
standing indebtedness, bonded or its manufactured products no
otherwise and has $14,000,000 of amounts to an excess of $300,000
idle cash in the State treasury, .000 a year. It produces more pi
which amount, because of taxpay- acre per capital in dollars and cen
ing time will be increased to ap- than any other State. It .coy
proximately $28,000,000 by June easily build a wall around itse
1st. and support itself without inte

And, strange to say, In the mid-
dle of July, the end of the deflation
period, State taxes were voluntari-
ly reduced by the State administra-
tion 30 per cent. And Florida has
no income tax, no inheritance tax,
no severance tax, no corporation
tax, no corporation stock transfer
ta', no franchise tax and no tax
on intangibles, raising all revenue
for the expenses by an occupation-
al tax, a gasoline tax and ad val-
orum tax on real and pe sonal
I dpubt whether any other State
could bave as successfully, in the
face af false reports affecting its
solvency, gone through with the
situation as Florida has.

course wth the outside world.

J I\ ,\'









i .


JS ftswe ofC'BRecvery
'As an evidenCe of the great in-
:- 'erase of business last year -over
the same period of 1925 I might
cite that. for the first nine months
of 1926,.961,000 automobiles cross-
ed the Gandy bridge, a link in the
main highway of the West Coast,
as' against 630,000 for the same
period df 1925; Florida showed an
increase of 130 per cent in,sales of
ordinary life insurance for the first
nine'months of last year, compared
with the suine period of 1925,
the largest increase of any $tate
inthe' Lterin; the increase i reg-
Xo r 1?25 g F'i
leading tk i. waxpesia B
publc aa"ldB, anud-
ing ietauenas -generally were S0
percent more for the first nine
months of 1926, as compared with
L..-. same period of I'i; the con-
sumption of cement of' 1926 showed
an incrtas. of .Imost 50 per cent
over the same period of 1925.
Collections from the gasoline tax
for the first nine months of 1926
amounted to $8,863,000, against
4,477,000 for the sanie period in
1925. tross receipts from the
gasoline tax for the first nine
months exceeded the entire year
of 1925.
Lead in income Taxes
It will no-doubt surprise the na-
a tion that '*loI(J a y? ai neaued
"., the list of States in the percentage
t .of Federal income tax payments;
11 tnat t- is ninth in point O .,ize in
i- payments; that *it paid 50,-
d u00,000 in incu; taxes iast year,
-; agL t $15 000,0u0 for 1925;
'- that, although the smallest State
3, in tne South m population, it will
n paiu n;.r'e n ....w taxcs t! n the
i- states of North Carolina and Tex-
as combined, more than the States
e uf. Virginia and TeXas combined
d more than the States of Maryland.
C the District of, Columbia, South
d Carolina and Mississippi combined,
*; rn more thl,:. the states cf Geor-
Sgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkan
'f asa., Tennessee and South Carolina
.-arip-u i._ _ie. deflation period,
y, -
al ----,--------
t- when it appeared banks of Florida
would be unable to stand the strain,
o officers of the Federal Reserve
f Bank of this district concluded
w l'lnorida ~,a.r iI need at least $100,.
r00),000, and they were prepared to
sr extend that assistance. There never
ts was a time during the entire pe-
H rio,. when the borrowing of all the
f banks in Florida combined amount
r- ed to $7.000,000. And today, at
the end of it all, total borrowings
of the Florida banks from the Fed-
e-al Reserve Bank of this district
amounted to only $5,000,000; and
our banks have on deposit with the
SFederal Reserve Bank at this writ,
Ing in excess of $18,000.000. which.
I with the season ahead of us, will
Sb rapidly increased, and borrow-
ings will surely disappear.
In addition, twenty-one of the
twenty-eight small banks that clos-
eq their doors have re-opened.
':There must be something to
-Flol'ida besides hot air. It still
stands, the wonAer of the world;
add it wll grow mort rapidly in
the. future and have sounder and
greater development than -ever be-
_rerS.. "

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