Front Cover
 Since 1914
 Beauties of Miami
 Operation scratch
 Thanksgiving strawberries
 A possible new breakthrough to...
 The Florida mango forum
 Dade ranks high as agricultural...
 Accent on home
 Using or wasting food - education...
 Homemakers seminar
 Garments in the making
 Today's youth - tomorrow's...
 Poultry judging team
 What is good citizenship
 Leader traning leads the way
 Agricultural and home economics...
 Personnel chart
 Back Cover

Title: Subtropical agriculture and family living
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094992/00002
 Material Information
Title: Subtropical agriculture and family living annual report
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Metropolitan Dade County (Fla.) -- Agricultural Office
Metropolitan Dade County (Fla.) -- Agricultural Office
Metropolitan Dade County (Fla.) -- Home Demonstration Office
Publisher: Dade County, Florida Agricultural Office
Place of Publication: Miami, Fla.
Publication Date: 1964
Copyright Date: 1964
Frequency: annual
Subject: Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County   ( lcsh )
Genre: local government publication   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1963-
General Note: Title varies slightly.
Statement of Responsibility: Agricultural Agent's Office ; Home Demonstration Agent's Office.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094992
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 34239734
 Related Items
Preceded by: Subtropical agriculture

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Since 1914
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Beauties of Miami
        Page 6
    Operation scratch
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Thanksgiving strawberries
        Page 10
    A possible new breakthrough to correct iron chlorosis
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The Florida mango forum
        Page 13
    Dade ranks high as agricultural county
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Accent on home
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Using or wasting food - education makes the difference
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Homemakers seminar
        Page 21
    Garments in the making
        Page 22
    Today's youth - tomorrow's leaders
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Poultry judging team
        Page 27
        Page 28
    What is good citizenship
        Page 29
    Leader traning leads the way
        Page 30
    Agricultural and home economics emphasis
        Page 31
    Personnel chart
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Back Cover
        Page 35
Full Text













Since 1914 ............... ................................... .......................* 1


Tomatoes ....... ...................................................................... 5
Beauties of Miami .................................................................. 6
Operation Scratch ..................................... ............... 7
Thanksgiving Strawberries ................................... ............................. 10
A Possible New Breakthrough to Correct Iron Chlorosis ..................................... 11


The Florida Mango Forum .......................................... ................... 13
Dade- Ranks High as Agricultural County ................................................. 14


Accent on the Home ........................................... ... ................. 17
Using or Wasting Food Education Makes the Difference .................................. 19


Homemakers Seminar .................................................................... 21
Garments in the Making .............................................................. 22


Today's Youth Tomorrow's Leaders ..................................................... 23
Poultry Judging Team ................................................................. 27
Careers ............................................ ............................... 28
What Is Good Citizenship .............................................................. 29


Leader Training Leads the Way ......................................................... 30


Agricultural and Home Economics Emphasis ............................................. 31


Personnel Chart ........................................................................ 32




Dr. J. Wayne Reitz
President, University of Florida

Dr. Marshall O. Watkins
Agricultural Extension Service

Dr. E. T. York, Jr.
Provost of Agriculture
Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida

Mr. Franklin S. Perry
District Agent
Agricultural Extension Service


Boar d Of

Charles F. Hall


Earl M. Starnes
Vice Mayor

Alex S. Gordon

Joseph A. Boyd, Jr.

Arthur Patten, Jr. Harold A. Greene

R. Hardy Matheson


Hoke Welch
County Manager

C county

1902 packing house scene in south Dade.

SINCE 1914

1964 marked the 50th anniversary of Agricultural
Extension work. October 1914 was the official begin-
ning of this new approach to education in the field of
agriculture and home economics in Dade County. This
was the same year that the Agricultural Extension Serv-
ice became a reality in the State of Florida and through-
out the United States.

On May 8, 1914 the Congress of the United States
passed the Smith-Lever Act establishing the Agricul-
tural Extension Service. This Act provided that Ex-
tension work in agriculture and home economics should
be carried on by the Land Grant Colleges in each state
in cooperation with the U. S. Department of Agriculture
and local people. Extension work as a new approach
to education was to "AID IN DIFFUSING AMONG THE
The Smith-Lever Act gave great impetus to the
employment of those who became known as County
Agricultural Agents and Home Demonstration Agents
or by similar titles.
From the beginning of the Extension Service the
"County Agent" and "Home Demonstration Agent"
have worked with people to help make this land of ours
more productive and to give the people a standard of
living that is envied throughout the world. These
agents worked with adults and young people. Boys'
corn and livestock clubs and girls' canning clubs were

used as teaching methods for the whole family and
were expanded into the 4-H Club program, now a pop-
ular youth organization known throughout the United
States and many other countries throughout the world.

The Agricultural Extension Service began in
1914 when Miss Pattie Monroe was appointed "County
Agent, Special Duties--Canning Clubs". It was Oc-
tober of 1914 when the U. S. Department of Agriculture
first began its financial support of the Extension pro-
gram in Dade County. In October of 1915 Miss Gene-
vieve Crawford was appointed to this position which
then became cooperatively supported by funds from
county, state and federal sources. In 1917 Mr. F. J.
McKinley became the first County Demonstration Agent.
His title was changed to County Agent in 1918 and
Miss Crawford's title was changed to County Home
Demonstration Agent at the same time.
In 1920 Mr. J. S. Rainey was appointed County
Agent replacing Mr. McKinley. He continued in County
Extension work until 1932. Miss Pansy Norton was
appointed County Home Demonstration Agent in 1924
and served in this capacity until 1937. In 1926 Mr.
Charles H. Steffani was appointed Assistant County
Agent for "South Dade" at Homestead. He was ap-
pointed County Agent in 1929. Mr. Steffani became
County Agent for the entire county in 1933.
During the depression years 1933-36 Mr. Steffani
and Miss Norton were the only Extension Service em-
ployees in Dade County. In 1936 Mr. J. Lawrence
Edwards was appointed Assistant County Agent and in
1937 Miss Eunice Grady was appointed Home Demon-
stration Agent.

-ashion Show IY2Y

In the years immediately following World War II,
the late '40's and early '50's, there was a rapid popu-
lation growth in the Dade County area and also an ex-
pansion of Dade County's agricultural industry. It
became necessary to expand the services of the County
Agent's Office and Home Demonstration Agent's Office
and resulted in several new positions being formed in
both offices.

Mr. Charles H. Steffani retired in September of
1955 after serving the people of Dade County for 29
years, first as Assistant County Agent, then as County
Agricultural Agent.
Miss Olga M. Kent, a native Miamian, joined the
Home Demonstration staff in Dade County in 1946 after

Wood track railroad and mule drawn wagons used in south
Dade to haul tomatoes about 1900.

having served several years as Home Demonstration
Agent in Broward County and in Palm Beach County.
In 1953 she was appointed Dade County Home Demon-
stration Agent and retired from that position in 1962.

Early in 1964, in conjunction with reorganization
of the Florida Agricultural Extension Service, local
offices were also reorganized forming the Agricultural
Department with the Agricultural Agent's Office and
Home Demonstration Agent's office as divisions of the
department. The present organization within the de-
partment and its divisions emphasizes an Agricultural
Extension Service program with professionally trained
staff personnel to help the people of Dade County to
more effectively solve the problems in all phases of
agriculture and home economics.

Li ~w

K I I Iurt. N

1933 Farmers' curb market at S. W. Second Avenue and Miami River,

1925 Moving vegetables down canal by barge to Miami.

>B~i ri,7mfW v *rf r ,(V -IV .'~
KMaS~~ *. 1 i- j iii, .11-fj i (ff j*,

Flower Show 1929

Mrs. A. R. Borgstrom makes her selection from a well stocked
family freezer.

Dade County Mayor Chuck Hall and group look over foliage
plants at Vosters Nursery on a 1964 tour of Dade County
farms. Left to right: Mayor Hall, Home Demonstration Club
leaders Mrs. William Fournier and Mrs. Charles Erdlitz, and
Ernest Felix of television station WTVJ.

Aaron Hutcheson discusses freezing vegetables at 1964 home
economics work shop.

1925 Fruit grove and vegetables planted by a settler in the

Dade Agricultural Products luncheon scenes now an annual
event along with the agricultural tour sponsored by the Agri-
cultural Division of the Miami-Dade County Chamber cf


"To make the best better" is the motto of 4-H
Clubs of America. This motto is also applied to many
of our other endeavors of life. It is being applied
especially to the agriculture of our nation in improved
farming practices, marketing methods and other phases
in feeding Americans today.

The theme of making the best better is being fol-
lowed in the research for a better tomato. Here in
Dade County farmers produce tomatoes on about 20,000
acres of Rockdale soil each year. The tomatoes pro-
duced here are shipped all over the United States for
fresh consumption during the winter months of the year.

A research program for improved varieties of to-
matoes is being conducted by Dr. James Strobel of the
Sub-Tropical Experiment Station. Dr. Strobel has
screened many hundreds of hybrids that he has pro-
duced and has selected several of these varieties that
hold promise as a better tomato that will meet the
needs and eliminate some of the problems of the farm-
er, processor and housewife.

His tomato varieties are resistant to diseases
that are now a serious problem. They ripen well, have
a good color when ripe, have excellent flavor, carry
well in shipment and probably the most important fac-
tor is that they yield well under Dade County condi-

To thoroughly evaluate the new varieties of
tomatoes it is necessary to see them growing and ob-
serve the crop when it is ready for harvest. The Coun-
ty Agent's staff has arranged for field observations on
many occasions by conducting field tours for those
interested. From these tours the farmers are able to
draw conclusions for themselves. Then they suggest
to Dr. Strobel the changes that should be made and in-
dicate which of the varieties will meet their needs.

So much interest has developed in the tomato
breeding program that the growers, with the assistance
of the County Agent's staff, have organized the South
Florida Tomato Improvement Association. This is
another step toward self-help by the farmers to make
the best better.

The South Florida Tomato Improvement Associa-
tion was organized to lend financial assistance and
grower cooperation to the tomato breeding program.
Farmers have donated the use of fields for testing the
new varieties and have evaluated these varieties in
comparative studies with standard tomatoes now being

Mr. Robin Bryant is one of the farmers who has
been a leader in donating the use of land for tests.
This has speeded up the program as he has used stand-
ard varieties as wellas the new varieties in his fields.

Another strong supporter of this research program
is Mr. Jack Cornelius. In addition to comparing the
varieties developed by Dr. Strobel to the Homestead
variety, he has compared them with varieties developed
by the Campbell Soup Company. This company uses
parts of his fields in their own testing program.

Yes, Mr. Farmer and Mrs. Homemaker, satisfac-
tion is derived from making the best better. That is
the aim of Dr. Strobel and the South Florida Tomato
Improvement Association.

Robin Bryant exhibiting some of the experimental tomatoes
in his field. The variety being displayed is STEP 434.

Robin Bryant, left, and Dr. James Strobel examine the quality
of the STEP 434 variety of tomatoes in his field.


The miracle and charm of Miami cannot be ex-
plained in one sentence. Many factors are at play that
add up to a strong urge in many to come here and enjoy
life under Miami's tropical skies.

One such factor that meets and delights the eye
immediately is the abundant and lush tropical plant
life that meets the horizon on all sides.

In the recent past one could expect to see only
a vast swamp of mangroves, seagrapes, tropical hard-
wood hammocks and native pines. But now in 1964
both native and exotic species of plants play a role in
setting the stage for the millions who visit with us
during our mild winter season. It is indeed like magic
for many to leave cares behind for a few days and to
find themselves in a land of warmth, carefree leisure,
pleasure and beauty.

From the land of the snows to sunny Florida is
a transition that requires some adjustments. Many of
the million who live here now have discovered the sat-
isfaction of cooperating with nature to produce the
wonderland of beauty that we all enjoy every day.
When we provide optimum conditions for the nor-
mal growth and well being of tropical plants we are
rewarded a hundredfold.

Much knowledge and information is necessary if
we are to play our part in creating the beauty of which
we speak. We must understand plant varieties, soils
and fertilizers, watering, pruning, etc. if we are to be
successful with palms, hibiscus, crotons and hundreds
of other exciting plants, including the lush and exotic
tropical fruit trees.

Agricultural Extension work is most successful
when many people are involved in developing a par-
ticular project. One such project during the past

season was "The Tropical Gardener" television pro-
gram. This half-hour garden program has been seen
weekly on Channel 2, the educational television sta-
tion for the Miami area, and on Channel 3, the educa-
tional television station for the Tampa area. The Dade
and Broward chapters of the Florida Nurserymen and
Growers Association have assisted in this endeavor.
A television planning committee, including directors
and producers from Station WTHS with members from
both nursery association chapters, meets to determine
the topics to be presented and also to select guests
who will appear to discuss each program.

The objective is to present helpful tips that can
be applied by any home owner. During the past two
years a vast variety of topics involving all phases of
gardening and landscaping have been presented. In-
deed, such details as controlling anthracnose on avo-
cados to applying Zineb to zinnias have been dis-
cussed. Guests have traveled over 350 miles to appear
on "The Tropical Gardener" program.

The Florida Agricultural Extension Service has
achieved a proud "record of service" during the past
fifty years. This service has resulted in a vastly im-
proved economy that is felt in all corners of this state.
This progress was the result of cooperative efforts by
many groups. The farmers, ranchers, nurserymen and
many other commodity groups as well as millions of
home owners, have received direct help and assistance
with their problems. Our Land Grant College, the Uni-
versity of Florida, has been a great force throughout
the years. Each of the three major agricultural divi-
sions has a definite function.

Agricultural research is carried on by the several
experiment stations and laboratories throughout the
state. It is here that materials, techniques and meth-
ods are developed.

The college of agriculture is the site where stu-
dents from Florida and from many countries of the
world receive resident instruction. These young men
and women return to their communities and apply the
most up-to-date knowledge to the many problems re-
lated to agricultural production, processing, marketing,
Agricultural information that arises from any
authentic source such as the experiment stations, both
government and industry operated, successful growers
and others, is channeled through the Agricultural Ex-
tension communications system to the people of Flori-
da. Information on all phases of agriculture and
homemaking is available to all through the County
Agent's Offices and Home Demonstration Agent's Of-

To enjoy gardening be informed, be enthusiastic,

These pullets are in a 44' x 500' Poultry house at Hart's
Poultry farm. Mr. Hart increased his laying flock in 1964.


Over 470,000,000 eggs were sold and consumed
in Dade County in 1964. Dade produced only a small
percentage of this amount. However, a sizeable in-
crease in numbers of layers was made this year. One
hundred thousand new layers were added to increase
our industry 50 percent for a total of nearly 300,000
layers. With proper inducements the long range plan of
our poultry industry is to have over one million layers
by 1970. The increase in layers will assist poultry-
men to keep up with the demand of their outlets which
are rapidly expanding. A demand for the very best in
eggs will continue to grow as consumer education pro-
grams reach more people and local egg production in-
creases. There have been many improvements in the
local poultry industry in 1963-64, but what may have
been more important during this period was the deter-
mination that our local producers showed in keeping
abreast of the changing times and markets.

Dade County is the largest chick exporting area
in the United States. Hatcherymen are very interested
in our local egg and meat production industry. Many of
their foreign customers make periodic visits here for
assistance and information. Our industry helps in
many ways especially by showing these people our
management methods. In addition to baby chicks they
get building plans, poultry disease diagnosis and pre-
vention information, Extension publications, feed and
building materials from our country.

Pullets from a 50,000 bird laying flock are being examined,
left to right, by Courtland Adkins and Buck Winkler, of Oak-
land Park Poultry Farms of Dade County. This farm came
back into production in 1964 and was part of the 100,000 new
layers added to Dade's poultry industry.

The action group of the Dade County poultry industry dis-
cussed the formation of a tri-county poultry group with
Broward County and Palm Beach County at the Palm Beach
Tower in Palm Beach in June, 1964. Mr. W. F. Danzey (dark
suit, center) is President of the Dade Poultry Industry Asso-
ciation. Mr. E. G. Budde, at the right of Mr. Danzey, is
Executive Vice-President.

Many foreign customers of the local hatchery industry look to
Dade County and its poultry industry as a center of informa-
tion and help. Shown above are 40 Columbians touring the
Miami International Hatchery and being shown laborsaving
devices in handling eggs.

In 1963 this office instituted a series of meet-
ings with individual poultrymen. These meetings were
held to determine the poultry situation in Dade County.
Problems facing the industry were recorded. The meet-
ings involved various agencies such as the Florida
Poultry & Egg Section of the Division of Inspection,
the Florida Egg Commission, and local county agen-
cies. These meetings were held from March to July.

After summarizing the results of our meetings
our Poultry Advisory Committee was reorganized in
October of that year.
The Dade County Poultry Advisory Committee
held a series of meetings in the fall including a meet-
ing with our Assistant Marketing Agent. From these
meetings there evolved a closer working relationship
among leaders of our poultry production and marketing
industry. They also reviewed our county's long range
poultry program. Many problems were discussed and it
was decided to set up an organization as an action
group to institute needed changes and improvements in
our local poultry program. Our poultry advisory group
recommended that this group especially look into taxa-
tion and zoning. The Dade County Poultry Industry
Association was formed in December of 1963. Mr.
W. F. Danzey of Ashworth Acres was elected Presi-

The Poultry Industry Association decided that
the affairs of its association should be performed con-
tinuously to provide needed leadership and services.
They created the post of Executive Vice-President and
made it a full time position.

Mr. E. G. Budde accepted the job. Mr. Budde, a
retired poultryman and one time Vice- President in
Charge of Sales of a well known national company,
opened shop by first contacting the tax assessor.

The meetings with the tax assessor were fruitful
in that the tax assessor assured the representatives of
the poultry industry that the county is very much con-
cerned with the development of the poultry industry and
expressed his desire to assist poultrymen with their
tax problems.

In the advisory meeting with our Extension
agents it was concluded that the major problem on a
short term basis was the lack of sufficient eggs from
local farms. The committee also felt that the absence
of specific requirements for poultry buildings could
lead to prohibitive cost and block the growth of the
poultry industry.

A conference arranged by poultrymen in the coun-
ty with Building and Zoning officials, the Extension
Agricultural Engineer, and an agent to discuss mini-
mum housing requirements to be spelled out in zoning
regulations was most fruitful. Immediate help to poul-
trymen arising from this conference was the indicated
county agreement to accept Romex instead of metal
conduit for electrical wiring for poultry buildings. Of
possibly more long range importance, county officials
asked poultrymen and Extension personnel to assist
them to draw up regulations for farm service buildings.
This could mean a pioneer movement to include such a
section in the South Florida building code and in as-
sisting other agricultural interests.

While progress in amending building regulations
was going on, efforts were also being made to explore
the hatchery and poultry meat industry to coordinate
industry actions.

Poultry industry products were promoted by the industry
leaders in 1964. "Chicken the Thrifty Treat" was the
topic of one program on television. Shown, left to right, are
Roy J. Champagne, Asst. County Agent; Bill Babcock, of
Painter's Poultry of Miami; and Mollie Turner, of the Carou-
sel Program.

A resurgence of growth in the poultry industry in
Dade County and concrete improvements in the industry
resulted in:

1. Modernization of production to a new higher level.

2. Reorganization of Dade County Poultry Industry
Association and the appointment of a full time
Executive Vice-President.

3. Initial efforts taken toward establishing building
code regulations designed and patterned for poul-
try needs in keeping with affordable costs and
equitable tax assessments.

4. Closer relationship with the tax assessor for a
better understanding of the industry's needs to
compete successfully.

5. Initial steps taken to effect a closer working rela-
tionship within the industry from a total point of
view including poultry meat distributors, egg deal-
ers, producers, chick hatcheries and feed dealers.

6. Planned periodic releases to the members of the
industry of informative and educational material
interpreted to effect an awareness of the constant
need to stay abreast of new ideas, methods and
procedures and above all the maintenance of sound
policies for a healthy profitable industry. The
recognition that in unity of purpose, cohesion and
cooperation among industry members, there is

strength. From this came a more profound under-
standing of the problems and needs and that the
chance to change holds a better future.
7. The establishing of a firm belief in the merits of
poultry products and that through constructive
selling and merchandising of the products the in-
dustry will take on stature, maturity, and meaning,
and gain the respect of allied industries and the
ultimate consumer alike.

8. Poultry Advisory Committee meetings with mem-
bers of the press and the beginning of a coordi-
nated public relations program to promote the
whole industry.
9. A return to production of a 50,000 egg laying farm
and an increase of 100,000 layers for Dade Coun-
10. A realistic goal of 1,000,000 layers in Dade Coun-
ty by 1970which was determinedin relation to the
size of our consumer market. This is predicated
on the assumption that, despite improvements in
facilities of distribution, eggs are best produced
just outside the front door of the market of con-
sumption. Eggs are an exotic and delicate food
whether used on the table or in the preparation of
other desirable foods. While the chicken produces
the egg, the element of time between farm and the
breakfast table plus minimizing handling, is a big
plus for local producer.


Mr. Bill Wolf is relatively new as a strawberry
grower in Dade County. While working as a flight engi-
neer for a commercial airline, he raised strawberries as
a hobby. During this time Mr. Wolf used the soil test-
ing laboratory and other sources of information from the
Agricultural Agent's Office.
The correlation of soils reports and crop re-
sponses showed: 1) that he was obtaining very little
water soluble phosphorus from the practice of broad-
casting and disking superphosphates into his soil prior
to planting; 2) that phosphorus supplied as ammoniated
superphosphate was supplying considerably less water
soluble phosphorus than non-ammoniated superphos-
phate; 3) that applying fertilizer before planting was
causing a reduction in plant stand, growth, and delay
in maturity because fertilizer burned the roots; and 4)
that adding a band of fertilizer in the center of the bed
just before laying down plastic placed the fertilizer too
far away for plant utilization.

At planting time, Mr.
driving the tractor.

Wolf is helped by his wife who is

Mr. Wolf had learned from neighboring growers that a poor
stand, uneven growth, and low yield are chiefly caused by
improper timing and placement of fertilizers.

When Mr. Wolf decided to raise strawberries for a
livelihood, he was aware that better practices were
needed and he was open to new ideas offered to him by
the County Agent's Office personnel. The 1963-64
season was one of changes for Mr. Wolf.

The application of superphosphate in a band
rather than broadcasting and the use of more water sol-
uble phosphorus were the first steps in changing his
cultural practices.
The application of fertilizer after, rather than
before, planting strawberries was a change that allowed
the plant roots to become established and resulted in a
good stand of plants.

The addition of the fertilizer material approxi-
mately three inches from the plant row, rather than
broadcasting it in the root zone, allowed the plant roots
to reach the fertilizer from a safe distance without
causing severe root burn. This resulted in an excel-
lent stand and growth from the time of planting.
Picking strawberries the day before Thanksgiv-
ing, November 27, 1963, was the reward for the changes
in cultural practices. This was six weeks earlier than
the previous season and needless to say the price re-
ceived for the early berries was several times that re-
ceived for later berries. In addition to the early crop,
Mr. Wolf's total per acre yield was approximately 62
percent greater than the previous year's yield.
Mr. Wolf's story, an example of improving the
good, is in keeping with the fifty years of Agricultural
Extension Service. The Extension Service has im-
proved the good by working and teaching on the farm
and in the home.

Looking to the future with Mr. Wolf and many
other Dade County growers, the Extension Service and
the Agricultural Agent's Office have several ideas for
improving the next season's crop.

Learning by others' mistakes Mr. Wolf observed a field of a
neighbor who had added too much fertilizer. The grower had
to abandon his field even after the plastic was laid down.

As a result of proper fertilization, a good stand and good
growth of plants led to the Thanksgiving strawberries for
Mr. Wolf.


Calcium induced chlorosis has been a serious
problem in Dade County groves. This condition is
caused by a lack of iron in the leaves of plants. Where
there is alack of iron there is a shortage of chlorophyll
which is evidenced by yellow rather than green leaves.
The eventual result is death of the plant.

The new chelated iron compounds have proven
effective in correcting iron chlorosis from ground ap-
plication but not from foliar sprays. However, the high
cost of iron chelates and the amount of material re-
quired have discouraged their use in commercial

The circled flush of dark (green) leaves were as light (yel-
low) as the surrounding leaves before they were dipped into
the acidified iron solution. Further research will make this
breakthrough a valuable tool in crop nutrition.

The success of phosphoric acid spray on toma-
toes and other vegetables in Dade County suggested
that an inexpensive form of iron in an acid spray might
be successful on tree crops. The use of phosphoric
acid sprays on vegetables was patterned after work
done in Michigan and other states. Iron solutions were
prepared in our laboratory and acidified with certain
available acids. Avocado leaves were dipped into the
solutions which allowed a number of different solutions
to be demonstrated on a single chlorotic tree.

The most effective response was an iron solution
which had been acidified with nitric acid. Other acids
used were less effective. This idea and demonstration
results will be turned over to the Sub-Tropical Experi-
ment Station personnel for further evaluation. Research
will be required to establish the most effective and
economical concentrations of iron and wetting agents.
Additional crops that may benefit and the most effec-
tive age for application will be researched. Research
will be needed to determine the frequency necessary
for the spray, and the effect of the solution upon plant
growth and crop yield.

As the Agricultural Extension Service celebrates
its fiftieth Anniversary, it looks to the future as in the
past to better agriculture in carrying on as one of its
functions, that of helping to point the way for research.

If not corrected in time, lack of iron results in death of the
tree. Note the dark (green) trees in the background.

The light (yellow) tree to the left shows an advanced symp-
tom of iron deficiency. The yellow is a result of the lack of
chlorophyll in the leaves. The yellow tree is unable to man-
ufacture food like the tree on the right with dark (green)


The Florida Mango Forum was founded in 1938.
Its purpose was to develop the mango as a tropical
fruit commodity and to provide an atmosphere within
which mango growers and anyone interested in the
mango might meet for the exchange of ideas and for

This organization grew in membership with each
succeeding year. The post World War II period provided
additional impetus to the expansion of mango plantings
in most of the tropical areas of South Florida. How-
ever, mangos had been introduced to Florida and
planted in the warmer areas of both the West Coast and
the East Coast as well as some warmer areas in Cen-
tral Florida before the turn of the century.

The Florida Mango Forum provides an annual
meeting and festival. Scientific papers, grower papers
and educational exhibits of all kinds are included in
this annual event.

Since the mango was first introduced to Florida
many new and outstanding mango varieties have be-
come a by-word in the industry. Since the founding of
the Mango Forum much information has been provided
for the public. Research, bulletins from the Agricul-
tural Experiment Station and the Extension Service,
and publication of an annual PROCEEDINGS of the
Florida Mango Forum have furthered the exchange and
availability of information.

Interest lagged considerably in mangos subse-
quent to the land boom of the early '50's. Urban ex-
pansion and speculative buying of suitable mango land
and mango groves discouraged many people who might
have been successful mango growers.

The Florida Mango Forum, in a bid to revive in-
terest and further the market potential for the limited
production of mangos from South Florida, has made
many changes in its own program. For example, five
years ago all the executive offices, with the exception
of the treasurer, were held either by research personnel
or Extension Service personnel. Member interest dwin-
dled rapidly. In a reorganization program over a two-
year period all executive officers elected were either
growers or handlers and practically all committees are
headed by grower members. In addition the Florida
Mango Forum became a member of the Florida Agricul-
tural Council. The president of the Mango Forum or
his delegate seldom fails to attend meetings of that

The need for additional marketing information
and marketing work is receiving primary attention. The
development and the search for new varieties is sec-
ondary only to the marketing program. A strong market-
ing committee was activated two years ago. After a
series of meetings with terminal market people, local
meetings were held to develop a standardized pack and
a quality trade-mark. The success of this program is
evidenced by the fact that quality mangos, standardized
in pack and as to container markings, bring premium
prices at most markets.

The conclusion that mangos cannot be treated in
shipment or in storage as most other fresh produce was
another determining factor in providing better quality
fruit for the trade and higher returns for the producer.
The simple fact that mangos should not be stored or
shipped at temperatures below 500 Fahrenheit made
the great difference.

Many members of the Florida Mango Forum, who
depend in part or entirely upon mangos for their liveli-
hood, have traveled at their own expense to the termi-
nal markets after shipping their fruit in order to observe
the handling of this fruit at the terminal market. Of ut-
most importance to them is the condition of the fruit as
it is unloaded from its carrier. At meetings of the
Mango Forum they unselfishly share their findings with
all others.

In addition to the economics of mango production
and marketing such a small industry devoted to such
an unusual and highly desirable commodity must at all
costs be guided by conscience and ethics in order to
survive. This means that only top quality fruit should
be marketed. Members of the Florida Mango Forum have
taken it upon themselves, individually and collectively,
to set the highest possible standards tor the mangos
sent to market. In line with this a standard pack and
cover design to indicate that the shipper is a member
of the Florida Mango Forum which stands for only the
highest quality is being used by more and more mem-

As a public service organization the Florida
Mango Forum's Annual Festival attracts thousands of
visitors. Besides the commercial exhibits there are
extensive educational exhibits covering mango propa-
gation, control of insects and diseases, and historical
displays. Demonstrations are set up using the mango
for such products as chutney, frozen mango, mango
cake, mango pie, and mango ice cream. Samples of
these products and recipes for these products are given
freely to the viewers. A two-hour forum consisting of
a panel of experts made up of mango growers and re-
search and Extension personnel permits a capacity
audience each year to fire questions and get straight
answers to these questions. A complete transcript of
the question and answer period is published annually
in the Florida Mango Forum PROCEEDINGS.

The influence of the Florida Mango Forum has
been felt in all mango production areas of the world.
It numbers among its members individuals and institu-
tions in every tropical area of the globe.

On its 50th Anniversary the Agricultural Exten-
sion Service is proud to have been able to work with
the members of the Florida Mango Forum since its
founding in 1938. For more than ten years a staff mem-
ber of the Dade County Agricultural Agent's Office at
Homestead has served as secretary for the Florida
Mango Forum.

At the annual Florida Mango Forum Festival 4-H girls Kathy
Hartman and Judy Munc prepare fresh ripe mangos and many
mango products for the public to sample.


Dade County agriculture is an important segment of the economy of the county, state and nation. The
county leads the state in the production of limes, avocados, mangos, tomatoes and pole beans for fresh market.
In 1959 Dade County ranked nationally as follows: fourth in tomatoes and snap bean acreage, sixth in
value of all vegetables, tenth in value of ornamentals, 37th in highest potato acreage and 72nd in value of all
farm products sold.
1963 -64 SEASON

Total Total
Fruit Acreage Unit Yield Value
Planted (1000) ($1000)

Avocados 6,500 bu. 550 1,950

Limes 4,200 bu. 675 1,850

Mangos 1,100 bu. 83 470

Specialty Fruit 1/ 560 lb. 9,789 524

Other Fruit 2/ 660 box 104 402

Fruit Sub Total 5,196

1/ Includes lychee, barbados cherries, guavas, papayas and sapodillas.
2/ Includes oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, tangelos and lemons.

Acreage Total Total
Crop Planted Unit Yield Value
(Acres) (1000) ($1000)

Tomatoes 21,500 60 lb. 5,764 22,701

Potatoes 5,100 cWt. 840 4,368

Pole Beans 7,000 bu. 1,403 4,307

Squash 3,200 bu. 342 1,197

Strawberries 350 lb. 3,201 1,104

Cucumbers 3,370 bu. 459 1,381

Sweet Corn 2,960 42 lb. 318 853

Bush Beans 1,700 bu. 181 556

Other Vegetables 1/ 3,990 597 887

Vegetable Sub Total 37,354

Cuban vegetables,

1/ Includes lima beans, cantaloupes, eggplant, escarole, chicory, lettuce, green peppers,
peas, okra, and cabbage.

Ornamental Horticulture 1964

572 Nurseries and Flower Growers

Poultry 1964

32 Farms -- 275,000 layers

3,700,000 dozen eggs

275,000 birds sold for meat

6 Hatcheries 9,500,000 chicks sold


Dairy 1964

5 farms 4,900 cows and calves

3,969,821 gallons of milk sold

Dairy animals sold for beef

$ 3,711,000

$ 2,072,899



$ 2,214,739

Other Livestock 1964

140 Farms -- Horses, hogs, sheep and goats

12,600 animals

All Other Crops and Farm Enterprises 1964

$ 865,700

$ 500,000

$ 59,367,000


$ 9,525,000

$ 1,600,000





Five Year Averages
1944-49 1949-54 1954-59 1959-64

($1000) ($1000) ($1000) ($1000)

Vegetables 12,756 20,254 35,117 30,171

Fruit 1/ 955 1/ 1,791 1/ 3,276 3,190

Dairy 6,955 9,828 4,717 2,341

Ornamental Horticulture 1,470 2,558 4,835 10,922

Poultry 530 841 3/ 3,111 3/ 4,107

Other Livestock 500 842 1,055 1,314

Other Farm Enterprises 2/ 2/ 1,665 304

Total 23,166 36,114 53,776 52,349

1/ Includes avocados, limes and mangos; not "other fruit."
2/ No figures available.
3/ Includes hatcheries, starting in season of 1956-57.

Source: U.S.D.A. Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, Orlando, Florida,
Orlando, Florida.
Dade County Agricultural Agent's Office.
Milk Marketing Orders Division, Federal Order No. 13.

Senator George L. Hollahan and Mrs. Justine L. Bi-
zette, Ass't. Home Demonstration Agent, discuss pro-
gram on legal aspects of home ownership.


In Dade County the Home Demonstration staff
has realized a need for education of the homeowner in
the area of Home Improvement. A comprehensive aware-
ness program on the "Legal Aspects of Home Owner-
ship" was prepared with the cooperation of Senator
George L. Hollahan and presented as one in a series
of training meetings to inform the public of factors to
consider when buying, improving or selling residential
property. Emphasis was placed on the use of the
Mechanics Lien Law to protect the homeowner when
remodeling the need for which had been pointed up
repeatedly by victims of hidden liens and foreclosures.
A house becomes a home when it is planned with
the family in mind. To do this, homemakers were taken,
step by step, from the blueprint stage to the finished
product. This included a study of family character-
istics which determined what they wanted and needed
in a home. Assistance was given by members of the
American Institute of Architects, American Institute of
Interior Designers, and local builders who conducted a
guided tour through various types of homes, designed

Mrs. W. H. Willis has improved her kitchen storage for


specifically for sub-tropical living. Effective uses of
fabrics, fibers, and other techniques of interior design
to suit individual family needs were highlighted
throughout the program.
Because of the importance of storage in the
home, special training was given in planning and utili-
zation of available space.
Home may be a man's castle but it's a woman's
work. Care of hard surface floors, cabinets, wood-
work, and furniture is only one of her many responsi-
bilities. Consumer information on equipment and
products to best do the job as well as conservation of
time and energy was stressed in care of the home.
To complete the picture the homemaker learns to
spruce up the grounds through planning and planting for
easy maintenance and beauty. Outdoor living is en-
joyed all year round. For this program we used the
assistance of our County Agent's Staff.

George Vilela, AID, plans interior color schemes with
Patricia H. Williams, Assistant Home Demonstration

Mrs. Arthur Fitton polishes the coffee table.

What good is top quality food to a family, if it is
taken home but not used? It was brought to the atten-
tion of the Dade County Home Demonstration Agent
that this was just what was happening to much of the
food being distributed at the Surplus Commodity Ware-
houses. A large stack of items including 69 bags of
dried beans was picked up from one household. The
problem was an obvious one persons receiving sur-
plus foods did not understand how to properly store and
prepare them.

Mrs. Helen B. MacTavish and Mrs. Ann S. Peck
of the Home Demonstration staff visited the Surplus
Commodity Center in Miami and were assured by the
manager, Mr. Richard Leopold, that the staff at the
center would give full cooperation to an educational
program to teach recipients proper storage and use of

Representatives from County Welfare Department,
County Health Department, Florida Power and Light
Company, Dairy Council of South Florida, and the Home
Demonstration staff, prepared a program to educate
recipients on how to prepare and store the variety of
foods they received.

It was decided to set up a demonstration table
at the center where recipients might receive informa-
tion, watch demonstrations, taste samples and be
given recipes as they waited in line to receive their

Help was received from Home Demonstration
clubs, 4-H Leaders and 4-H girls. Demonstrations
were held during February, March and April. Lessons
were taught using posters, demonstrations and personal
contact. All of the Home Demonstration Agents; Mrs.
Ann Fern, Home Economist for the Welfare Department;
Mrs. Lavina Phillips, Nutritionist with the Health De-
partment; and Mrs. Audrey Sullivan, Home Economist
with the Dairy Council assisted with the demonstra-
tions. One or more of these professional Home Econo-
mists was present at all times and they were aided by
helpers from the above named volunteer groups.

Stack of food items, including 69 bags of dried beans, picked
up at one home in Dade County.

The electric stove and refrigerator were fur-
nished by Florida Power and Light Company. Valuable
assistance was also given by Lindsey Hopkins Voca-
tional School as one of their teachers perfected a
recipe for rolled wheat cookies using five of the sur-
plus commodity foods. Cookies were also baked by
the school in order that samples might be distributed
at the center.

The program was well received. There was an
excellent spirit of cooperation among the agencies as
they worked together.

Foods demonstrated and served included:

1. Dried skim milk-mixed and made into
flavored drinks
2. Rolled wheat cookies
3. Cheese spread
4. Top of stove cornbread
5. Buttermilk
6. Bean sausage patties
7. Master mix (hot cakes, muffins, ginger-
Recipes were given for all foods prepared and
recipients were invited to sample all foods.

Several hundred demonstrations were given over
a period of 46 days. Approximately 6,362 families
representing over 25,000 persons were reached through
the program.

Mrs. Ann Fern, left, and Mrs. Ann Peck, right, invite recipi-
ent to foods demonstrations.


Mrs. Lavina Phillips, left, and Mrs. Ann Peck demonstrate
how to mix and flavor non-fat dry milk.

Everyone loves a fashion show and King Cotton
reigned supreme in the one that concluded the third and
most successful Homemakers Seminar held in Dade

Members of the Extension Homemakers Clubs
modeled clothes from the National Cotton Council's
wardrobe cool, washable cottons for breakfast time,
for sports wear, or for an evening of dancing under a
Miami moon.

Mr. Mathews lectures as the "meat surgeon" prepares a dem-
onstration on cutting up a beef into retail cuts.


Grandmother's homemaking knowledge may have
carried her through her job seemingly well. This isn't
true today. The modern homemaker finds she must go
back to school every year to up her degree in home-
making. The Cooperative Extension Service in Home
Economics brings the campus to her with courses in
all aspects of homemaking and family living.

Two hundred people flocked to the 1964 Home-
makers Seminar sponsored by the Dade County Exten-
sion Homemakers Council.

The spotlight was on meat the number one item
in the food budget. Baffling to Mrs. Consumer are the
unfamiliar meat cuts in the local market. She wonders,
"Is the price right? How should it be cooked? Will
the family like it?" To answer these questions and to
actually show from what part of the carcass the various
cuts come, Mr. Harold Tabor, Meat Specialist for a local
supermarket chain, gave a demonstration on cutting up
a half of a beef. After this lecture-demonstration many
a family meat buyer went away better equipped to eval-
uate the kinds and cuts of meat, better able to follow
guidelines in buying, and more informed about how to
"cook by the cut" for economical, attractive, palatable,
and nutritious meats for the family meals.

Today's kitchens may not be as large as grand-
mother's but they pack a higher voltage to operate the
array of electrical servants. The class in "Big Ideas
Fit Small Appliances" hit home with every homemaker
who resolved that she would let her electrical servants
work for her.

"Men's Clothing is a Woman's Problem" was
another class at the Seminar, conducted by the Exten-
sion Home Economists. As the miracle fibers invade
the field of men's clothing, both Mr. & Mrs. Consumer
need to take another clothing course in order to know
how to reap the benefits of these miracles.

"Here it is trimmed and ready for the meat case and for
Mrs. Consumer. Will she give it the cooking treatment that
it deserves?

"Taste time" was a popular feature of the "Cook by the
Cut" session of the 1964 Homemakers Seminar. Home Eco-
nomists demonstrated meat cookery on both electric and gas

Have men ever dressed as fancy as women? "Yes" says
Mrs. Patricia H. Williams as she reviewed men's wear from
the days of Louis XIV to the present.

Left to Right: Mrs. Mary Hargrave, Mrs. Shirley Thomas,
Mrs. Willie Mae Record.


Budgeting, buying, and choosing are no longer
just theory related to family clothing.

Through special interest sessions and workshop
activities, women and girls have found that working
and sharing with others is an important part of daily
living. For them, there are many opportunities to cre-
ate lovely things in their approach to family clothing

The challenge "to develop a system" in family
clothing points out that "it's smart to sew", "fashion
adds the spark to sewing", and "sewing basics come

Weekly clothing work sessions were held at the
office with twenty-four homemakers enrolled and one
construction workshop was conducted at Naranja Ele-
mentary School. Fifteen Home Demonstration Club
members participated in these workshop classes. They
have progressed from learning the basics of construc-
tion to a point where they are ready to start the very
easy way to make a garment for the "beginner" or to
the construction of a major garment in the case of the
advanced homemaker. Their individual sewing pro-
gress has accented their accomplishments in solving
family clothing problems.

These periods of activity have shown that man-
agement of time is also of utmost importance in sewing
and that the construction of a garment, simple or com-
plex, lends itself to an orderly step by step plan for

Not all of the time was spent in actual sewing
because it was realized that certain basics come first.
Considerable time was spent on "Family Wardrobe
Planning", "The Clothing Dollar", "Selection of Pat-
tern and Fabric", "Sewing Tools", and "The Sewing

The special interest and workshop sessions were
popular with homemakers as their progress in areas of
family clothing was noted as well as the development
in sewing skills. These were indications that there
were potentials unlimited for them in the challenges of
family clothing problems.

Left to Right: Mrs. Willie Moe Record, Mrs. Pauline Blue,
Mrs. Shirley Thomas, and Mrs. Mary Hargrave.

Naranja Elementary School
Sponsored by: Sunny Haven Home Demonstration Club
Seated Left to Right: Mrs. Vera Maycox, Mrs. Mae Ella Wil-
lis, Mrs. Effie Russell;
Standing Left to Right: Mrs. Willie Lou Nixon, Miss Daisy
B. Robertson.

Mrs. Olivia Sanders, an advanced Member, with garments
which she has made.

The mouth-to-mouth technique of resuscitation prepares
youth for emergencies K-Land 4-H Clinic.


The informal education of 4-H supplements training in
the home, church, and school. The objectives are to
help young people to:

Gain knowledge, skills, and qualities for a hap-
py family life.

Enjoy useful work, responsibility, and satis-
faction in accomplishment.

Value research and learn scientific methods for
making decisions and solving problems.

Know how agricultural science and home eco-
nomics relate to our economy.

Explore career opportunities and continue
needed education.

Enterprising young beekeeper, making regular hive inspec-

* Appreciate nature, understand conservation, and
use resources wisely.

* Foster healthful living, purposeful recreation
and leisure.

* Strengthen personal standards and philosophies.

* Acquire attitudes, abilities, and understanding
to work well with others.

* Develop leadership talents and skills to become
better citizens.

South Dade girls assist at Hart's ""Good Egg" Poultr

4-H Cooperative Demonstration team learns about milk
and the role of cooperatives in our economy.

Entire family profits and enjoys this project.

Scientific experiments create interest
in food technology.

A member of the Wide Awake Girls Club displays turkey \
favors made for a convalescent home.

4-H exhibits at the Dade County Youth Fair fascinate young

Float built by boy 4-H members sponsored by Biscayne Bay
Kiwanis Club takes its place in Junior Orange Bowl parade.



Larry Roff, State delegate in Junior Leadership to the Na-
tional 4-H Club Congress, displays numerous trophies and

Theresa Downey is the proud recipient of the 4-H Achieve-
ment Award and represented Florida in Chicago for the Na-
tional Congress.

Judy Munc flashes a winner's smile after being named state
Breadmaking Champion. Her "Dad's Favorite" recipe was
used when she also represented Florida at the National


Rita Reece,on the left,will represent Florida at the National
4-H Club Conference in Washington, D.C. Margaret Foye,
on the right, was awarded a $200 scholarship for her out-
standing work in the electricity project.

Pictured Left to Right with State winners in bold type
First Row: Paula Rucker, Pamela Ellison, Mercedes
Mortimer, Laurice Palmore, Mona Bethel,
Marva Scott, Michelle Jones, LaWanza
Lassiter, Mary Smithson, Gloria Allen.
Second Row: Joyce Roux, Dorothy Isreal, Gwendolyn
Gibson,Judy Frances, LaLeatrice Jones,
Linda Hankerson, Mary Alice Williams,
Jessie Goldsmith, Charlotte Williams,
Geraldine Pinnacle, Karen Anderson,
Linda Blair.

Other State winners not shown are: Carolyn Howard,
Achievement; Rosa Jones, Clothing; Georgia Marshall,
Citizenship Short Course, Washington, D. C.

, ...

They're Florida's Top 4-H Poultry Judges
. .Mike Cain, Mike Umble, Hank Christen and Mike Leclercq


The four boys who make up the Dade County 4-H
Poultry Judging team walked off with the title of Flor-
ida State Champions in Poultry Judging in competition
at the University of Florida in May 1964. They repre-
sented the State in the National Invitational Poultry
Judging Contest, November 28th in Chicago.
Members of the team are Mike Leclercq, 17, 14200
S. W. 200th Street, Homestead; Mike Umble, 16, 11145

S. W. 95th Street, Miami; Mike Cain, 14, 15745 S. W.
232nd Street, Goulds; and Hank Christen, 18,'10105
S. W. 108th Avenue, Miami.

Leclercq also won a $100 scholarship for being
the top judge in the State. He scored a near-perfect
982 out of a possible 1,000 points. Umble was second,
Cain third and Christen fifth in the state.
Doyle Conner, State Commissioner of Agriculture,
sponsored the team's trip to Chicago.

S~r~ i

being congratulated by Jim Vosters, President of Agricul-
tural division of the Miami-Dade County Chamber of Com-
merce, and Roy J. Champagne, Scholarship Chairman of that

I. to r. Linda Reynolds, Marcia Swan, Rita Reece, Harry
Ellis Womack, Ronald Morrison, Susan Bea Brown
These students received $225.00 each as they en-
tered college to study Agriculture and Home Eco-


The Agricultural Division of Miami Dade County,
Chamber of Commerce has awarded twenty-nine schol-
arships amounting to $6,525.00 over the past seven
years. Dade students who wish to pursue an education
in Agriculture, Home Economics, or related fields qual-
ify as applicants.

Some past recipients and their accomplishments
are listed below:

1959 John Womack
He received his Master of Science in Poultry
Genetics. John is enrolled at Virginia Polytechnic In-
stitute and studying for his PhD.

1959 Donald Paul Kinnan
He graduated from Penn State in June 1963 with
high distinction. He is now an officer in the U.S. Army
Medical Corps. He plans to go into Veterinary Medi-
cine after enlistment.

1960 Charlene Bogert
She graduated from Florida State University in
April 1964. She is now working as executive trainee
in merchandising at a large department store in Miami.

1960 Ben Franklin Jr.
He is now at Veterinary School in Auburn, Ala-
bama. He attended the University of Florida for two
years and compiled a 3.64 average out of a 4.0 grading

1961 Margaret Merle Cross
She has just completed her junior year at Florida
State University and is majoring in "Fashion Merchan-
dising." She was recently tapped for OMICRON-NU,
Home Economics Honorary.

This successful scholarship program was insti-
tuted at the suggestion of the late Lamarr S. Walker, a
4-H leader from Sweetwater, and an Assistant County
Agent. Our Extension Service on its 50th Anniversary
salutes the Agricultural Division of the Miami-Dade
Chamber of Commerce for this outstanding service to
youth and the interest in their careers.

Betty Mifflin, right, Assistant State 4-H
Agent, presents certificate of award to Dade
County's 4-H Citizenship team. Left to
right: Evelyn Law, Tom Gorman, Mrs. Helen
B. MacTavish, Margaret Foye, and Mike Le.


What is good citizenship? If a group of Dade County
4-H members were asked this question, you would get
thought provoking and enthusiastic answers thanks
to a wonderful opportunity and experience that came
their way in June of 1964. Florida was one of nine
states invited to send a team to Washington for a two
week course in citizenship. Dade County was selected
as the county in Florida to represent the entire state.
The trip for the four team members and their Home Dem-
onstration Agent was an award from the Reader's Di-
gest Foundation.

This unique program presented outside speakers; in-
tensive classroom and group work; visits to government,
education, and group leaders; and tours to important
sites in the Nation's Capitol.

The team's plans for developing citizenship education
programs in 4-H club work in Dade County are pro-
gressing. A one day Citizenship Shortcourse was held
for Junior and Senior High School 4-H members. Sev-
enteen young people in the International Farm Youth
Exchange program were met at the International Airport
and assisted during their stopover in Miami. Seven of
the young men were guests in the homes of 4-H mem-
bers and agents for three days before returning to their
homes in South and Central America.

The citizenship education programs stress an under-
standing of citizenship as knowing, accepting and prac-
ticing social responsibility; mastering skills and
developing leadership for citizenship education pro-
grams in their communities. Study groups at the lab-
oratory focused on citizenship from the family,
economic, political, educational, and social stand-

TOP An exciting moment before the group departs for

BOTTOM A highlight for the team is meeting Florida's
Senators Smathers, Holland, and Congressman Fascell.






Have you ever wished you were two people or
maybe even three so you could get that job done? This
was the wish in the Dade County Home Demonstration
Office. Even though Dade County has a Home Demon-
stration Agent and five assistants, it is next to impos-
sible to work directly with even half of the million
people in the county as individuals or in club groups.
Several years ago, the leader training program was
started with the women's groups as well as the 4-H

The club women and agents had many changes to
make but these were made and the job is being done.
Meetings are held by one of the agents in North, South
and Central parts of the county in order to train more
program leaders for the clubs. At these meetings she
presents the latest research information along with
other helps to enable her to make an interesting pres-
entation. The program leader is able to take from these
meetings the individual information that applies to her
club. Even though Dade is mostly urban, individual
interests differ so the needs of each group must be
met. Each club has eleven program leaders: Clothing,
Housing, Home Management, Foods and Nutrition, Fam-
ily Life, Community Affairs, 4-H Club, Recreation,
Consumer Education, Home Grounds Improvement, Home
Interior, Health and Safety, and Recreation. By using
leaders of various backgrounds and experiences, it is
possible for the club to have the advantages of indi-
vidual ideas in addition to the guidance of the Cooper-
ative Extension Service.

A "Salute" should also go to the dedicated 4-H
leaders who bring the 4-H program to the girls in Dade
County. Here again regular leader training meetings
are held in different areas of the county to help one
hundred thirteen 4-H leaders with the organization,
plans and projects that they in turn teach to the 1,032
4-H members in 84 clubs. These leaders hold their
meetings in churches, community buildings and homes
to bring guidance to their 4-H'ers. They know the
importance of helping urban Dade County's youth in
the fields of Citizenship, Leadership, Clothing, Food,
Food Science, Home Improvement, Health, Child De-
velopment, Horticulture, etc. All goes into develop-
ment of a better Home, Community, and Country

Junior Leader, Theresa Franzo properly trained by Agent -
teaches 5th grader, Terry Holewinski, to use sewing machine.

4-H Family goes all the way with leader training. Mrs. Rose
Foye, 4-H leader, with 4-H daughters, Susan and Jeannette,
left, and on the right, 4-H Junior leaders, Margaret and



Total Days Worked ........................

Days Devoted to:

Adult Work ............................

Youth Work ...........................

Days Devoted to:

Extension Organization & Planning ......

In-service Training ....................

Crop & Horticultural Services ............

Livestock & Poultry ...................

Marketing .............................

Soil & Water Conservation & Management ..

Insects & Diseases ....................

Agricultural Chemicals .................

Farm Business Management .............

Agricultural Engineering & Equipment .....

House & Grounds ......................

Family Economics, Management
& Home Planning ...................

Clothing Construction, Selection & Care ...

Foods & Nutrition ....................

Child Development, Recreation
& Human Relations .................

Health & Safety .......................

Leadership Development ...............

Community Development & Public Affairs ..

All Other Work ........................




Consulting Visits by Agents ..............

Office Calls ............................

Telephone Calls ........................

News Articles ..........................

Radio Programs ........................

Television Programs .....................

Bulletins Distributed ....................

Circular & Commodity Letters ............

Training Meetings for Leaders

Adult Work: Number .............

Attendance ...............

Youth Work: Number ..................

Attendance ..............

Other Meetings Held or
Participated in by Agents

Adult Work: Number ...................

Attendance ...............

Youth Work: Number ...................

Attendance ..............

Meetings Conducted by Leaders

Adult Work: Number ...... .......

Attendance ..............

Youth Work: Number .......... .......

Attendance ...............






















Personnel Chart

Department Head and
County Agricultural Agent

Home Demonstration Agent

Miami Offices
2690 N.W. 7 Avenue

Homestead Offices

County Agent's Office

Asst. County Agri. Agent
Asst. County Agri. Agent
Asst. County Agri. Agent
Technical Illustrator
Clerk-Steno I
Clerk-Steno I

Home Demonstration Office

Asst. Home Dem. Agent
Asst. Home Dem. Agent
Asst. Home Dem. Agent
Clerk-Steno II
Clerk-Typist II

County Agent's Office

Asso. County Agri. Agent
Asst. County Agri. Agent
Asst. County Agri. Agent
Asst. County Agri. Agent

Home Demonstration Office
Asst. Home Dem. Agent

1102 North Krome Avenue

Laboratory Technician
Clerk-Steno II
Clerk-Steno t

1116 North Krome Avenue
Clerk- Steno I

Richmond Heights

Home Demonstration Office 10990 S.W. 152 Street, Miami

Asst. Home Dem. Agent

Clerk-.Typist I


Date Due

Due Returned Due Returned
MAR 1 n4 o _

illil 111illlilD II
3 1262 07393 407 6




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