THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD
r agem ign'ie
Record's Feature Page
Desalinization Experiment May Pave
The Way For Making The Deserts Bloom
By RON SUPINSKI
SUnited Press International
PUERTO PENASCO, Sonora,
,'Mexico (UPD-Brown deserts bor-
dering oceansmay someday sus-
tain verdant green plant life
depending on the success of a
pilot project in Mexico involv-
ing salt water.
.z Located in this tiny shrimp
village south of Rocky Point on
the Gulf of California is a plant
Which is using energy from the
sun to turn salt water into fresh
water. Average daily yield of
fresh water from the plant is
It has proved a Godsend to
about 7,000 residents of the poor,
dusty village which lacked a
source of fresh water. Previous-
ly, contractor Frank Lopez hauled
water in trucks from wells 20
miles away. Villagers had to
pay $6.40 per 1,000 gallons for
the well water which had to first
be boiled before drinking.
"Last year," said Lopez, "we
had trouble with the wells and
had to haul fresh water from
Sonoyta. This cost villagers about
$12. to $15 per 1,000 gallons.
"And they pay 50 cents for a
five-gallon jug of drinking wa-
ter which is brought in from the
AT THE moment, the pilot
plant produces enough water to
satisfy the needs of the school
and hospital here in addition to
several thousand residents. They
must come daily to the plant to
fill their bottles and jugs. But
demand still far exceeds supply.
In the summer, the plant can
*produce up to 10,000 gallons of
fresh water a day.
Scientists hope to cut the cost
of desalting water down to
about 50 cents per 1,000 gallons.
This would make it cheap
enough for millions of persons
throughout the world to obtain
fresh water from the sea for the
Officials working on the proj-
ect envisioned full-blooming des-
erts in North Africa, Australia,
Mexico, Chile and parts of the
United States if the three-year
pilot plant here is successful.
CARL N. HODGES of Tucson,
Ariz., supervisor of the Solar
Energy Laboratory, says he wil
know by the end of the summer
whether the experimental plant
proves economically successful
in producing fresh water in abun-
"Then we'll know whether to
go ahead and build a bigger plant
for about half a million dollars
which could produce 500,000 gal-
lons of fresh water daily."
Hodges conceived the idea
for the plant. He is a member
of the Institute of Atmospheric
Physics at the University of Ari-
zona, Tucson. He first construct-
ed a small solar energy labora-
tory at the university before de-
signing the desalting plant on
the Mexican coast.
At the larger plant, sea water
moves slowly through three long,
low solar collectors of redwood
.and plastic film. By the time the
two-inch layer of water arrives
at the end'of the collectors, it has
absorbed maximum heat. Plastic
film covers the collectors to pro-
tect against evaporation loss.
This hot salt water is pumped
from the collectors through insu-
lated pipes to the top of a five-
story evaporation tower. Then
the water tumbles down over a
series of plastic.rings. Condensa-
tion from the operation produces
fresh distilled water.
The project is a cooperative
one between the Universities of
Arizona and Sonora. A $236,000
grant from the U.S. Department
of Interior helped kick off the
: By JACK GAVER
S. NEW YORK (IPD There will
.be precious little nighttime net-
work television programming
.-ext week that isn't on a repeat
.Late in the week NBC and
.BC will make special efforts to
Over the Oregon state primaries
".before, .during and after th9 fact.
CBS will have the running of
he 'Preakness from Baltimore's
Pimlico track next Saturday.
SHighlight- details May 10-16:
"Face the Nation" on CBS will
have .an interview with the Rev.
Dr Martin Luther King on the
civil rights issue..
NBC's; "Meet the Press" has
an interview with James A.
Farmer, national director of
CORE, on the civil rights issue.
Walt Disney's color hour on
NBC 'features "Niok," the film-
ed story of ah Indo-Chinese boy
who adopts an abandoned baby
ABC's "Arrest and Trial" re-
peats "Funny. Man with a Mon-
key,". starring Mickey Rooney
's a comedian accused of re-
;ponsibility for the death of a
doctor who was rolled of. his
NBC repeats a popular special,
first seen, March. 20, called
"American Spectacle," which re-
; eals the jiatural wonders of this
Sc.-unr:. Van ef-n is 'narrator
-of the one-hour show.
: "White Feather" is the fare on
N BC's "Monday Night at the
Movies." Robert Wagner and
Debra are starred.
ABC's "Wagon Train" reprises
'4The Sam Spicer Story." Two
desperadoes take a youngster
from the train as hostage while
trying to make their getaway
froh~ a bank robbery.
"You Can't Beat the System"
is repeated on "East Side West
Side" for CBS. A veteran of two
wards closes his eyes to reality
and becomes a recluse.
"Sparrow on the. Wire" gets a
reissue at NBC for "Mr. Novak,"
A.'star high school debater makes
anti-semitic remarks during a de-
bate and is suspended.,
'Red Skelton has Raymond
(Perry Mason) Burr as his guest
on CBS to participate in a court-
room sketch in which Mason is
pitted against the wiles of con
man. San Fernando Red.
NBC has "The Campaign and
the Candidates," a half-hour spe-
cial preview of the Oregon pri-
.-mary election May 15.
S A child's false accusation gets
;the hero in trouble in "The
Witch," which is reprised on
SABC's "The Fugitive."
"After 10 Years-The Court
Sand the Schools" is the subject
Sof a special CBS newsreport. U.S.
:Attorney General Robert F. Ken-
Snedy, Gov. Carl E.-Sanders of
- Georgia and Roy Wilkins, execu-
tive secretary of the NAACP,
Discuss the status of school de-
s segregation on the 10th anniver-
Ssary of the U.S. Supreme Court
decision outlawing segregated
Public schools. Seven CBS cor-
,re@ondents will report on prog-
Sress in key cities.
: The CBS "Suspense" half hour
is preempted for a paid political
Telecast by U.S. Sen. Barry Gold-
water, R-Ariz., in behalf of his
campaign for the Republican
NBC's "Espionage" repeats
i "A Camel to Ride," in which
San Irish priest serving in an
SArab country is asked to support
San armed revolt.
"If There Were Dreams to
': Sell" is reprised for ABC's "Ben
- Casey." An 11-year-old girl
' with an unhappy background
Finds a father image in Dr.
"Dr. Kildare" on NBC has a
Snew story, "Speak Not In Angry
Whispers." An estranged hus-
Sband and wife are reunited when
She learns that she is really ill
; and is not feigning the condition
to effect a reconciliation.
The fresh problem for Perry
I Mason on CBS is "The Case of
Athe Tandem Target." An itiner-
ant folk singer is charged with
murder in the death of a busi-
ness man who has opposed the
friendship of his daughter and
ABC supplies a preview of the
Oregon state primary.
ABC's "Burke's Law" re-
peats "Who, Killed Harris
Crown?" The friends of a slain
businessman rather than his
enemies intrigue the detective.
"Who Needs An Enemy?" is
the fare on "The Alfred Hitch-
cock Hour" for CBS. A busi-
ness man is trapped by his part-
ner in an embezzlement and con-
templates murder as the only so-,
ABC's "Fight of the Week"
has a 10-round middleweight con-
test between Jose Torres and'
NBC has a report on the Ore-
gon primary, taking the first
15 minutes off the network ver-
sion of Johnny Carson's "To-
"ABC's Wild World of Sports"
will cover national AAU gym-
nastics championships at Kings
Point, N.Y., time trials for the
Memorial Day auto race at In-
dianapolis and the Oxford-Cam-
bridge boat race.
CBS. will be on the air from
Pimlico race track with the
88th running of the Preakness.
NBC has a 30-minute analysis of
the Oregon primary results.
ABC's "Hootenanny" iS a re-
run of a program taped at the
University of Pittsburgh with
the Brothers Four, the Rooftop
Singers, Leon Bibb, Will Holt,
Judy Henske and comedian Louis
NBC's "Saturday Night at the
Movies" screens "Love is a Many
Splendored Thing," starring Wil-
liam Holden and Jennifer Jones.
KANSAS CITY, Mo (UIP -
Each year on ths second Sunday
in May mothers are the center
of attention, the subject of ser-
mons,, the guests of honor at
dinners, and the recipients of
thoughtful greeting cards and
gifts from their families.
This American holiday -
Mother's Day marks its gol-
den anniversary this year. It
originated in 1914 when Presi-
dent Woodrow Wilson signed a
joint resolution lauding mothers
as "the greatest source of the
country's strength and inspira-
His proclamation officially es-
tablished Mother's Day and au-
thorized federal display of the
flag as "a public expression of
our love and reverence for the
mothers of our country."
As devoted sons and daugh-
ters honor their mothers this
year on May 10 they also will
be paying tribute to Anna M.
Jarvis, whose idealism and per-
severance resulted in President
Wilson's proclamation 50 years
Anna Jarvis was born 100
years ago in Grafton, W. Va.,
and grew up to become a tall,
red-haired beauty. After attend-
ing school at Mary Baldwin Col-
lege she returned to Grafton to
With her blind sister, Elsinore,
and her well-to-do, widowed
mother, she later moved to Phil-
Her early life in Philadelphia
was devoted to her mother, her
sister, and her job as an adver-
tising assistant with a local in-
Researchers at the Hallmark
Card firm here report she with-
drew from men because of a dis-
astrous love affair she experi-
enced when quite young, a dis-
appointment that left her dis-
In 1905, Mrs. Jarvis died and
Anna felt her loss deeply. She
was 41, guardian of her blind
sister and the heir to a consid-
Sometime during her period of
mourning she conceived her plan
to establish the second Sunday
in May as a memorial to her
own mother and to mothers
She began, humbly enough, by
arranging a special church ser-
vice in Grafton on the anniver-
sary of her-mother's death. She
then persuaded the city fathers
in Philadelphia to hold a city-
wide Mother's Day observance.
In 1912, at her urging, West
Virginia made Mother's Day a
state-wide holiday. Pennsylvania
followed suit the next year.
The success of the crusade she
carried out, ending in 1914 with
President Wilson's proclamation,
was made possible by one of the
strangest, yet most eff active let-
ter writing campaigns in history.
She wrote early and often to
editors, businessmen, ministers,
industrial leaders, congressmen,
governors, mayors, clubs, and or-
ganizations. The response was
kind, if not enthusiastic.
So many replies requested
more information that Anna quit
her job, began living off her in-
heritance, and devoted full time
to her Mother's Day program,
both in this country, and after
1914, on an international scale.
Miss Jarvis died in a rest
home near Philadelphia in 1948.
She was 84, penniless and almost
The Golden Haze, by Roder-
ick Cameron (World $6.95): Al-
most 200 years ago Captain
James Cook was voyaging in the
South Pacific, exploring the is-
lands, writing about them and
their inhabitants and bringing
back reports that rank with the
most exciting and interesting
of travel accounts. Roderick
Cameron, between 1959 and 1961,
retraced Cook's route, compar-
ing the way it was with the way
it is now. His book contains
much of Cook's story and draw-
ings and his own notable account
Authentic Reproduction Of Period
Furniture Given Llambias House
Highlights Of Week
torical Society and long-time So-
ciety member, of his plans to
send to the Society furniture to
complete the upstairs bedrooms
of the ILlambias house.
The Society feels quite fortu-
The restoration project of the
Fernandez-Llanmbias House has
received a great boost in the form
of authentic reproductions of fur-
niture, handmade in Mahon, Is-
land of Minorca, especially for the
house, announces the St. Augus-
tine Historical Society.
Gifts to the Society from Don
Fernando Rubio Tuduri of Ma-
hon, a native Minorcan, the col-
lection includes many attractive
pieces which prove a great asset
to the dwelling, located at 31 St.
Among the it Is given to the
Society by Don .ubio are a drop-
leaf table and 10 chairs, now
placed in the fi it floor room of
the house. They re authentic re-
productions of p riod pieces.
However, this was not the first
gift from Don Itbio, for in 1957
he presented to the Society the
image of Nu'tra Senora de
Monte Toro, Pa oness of Minor-
ca. Blessed by t e Bishop of Min-
orca, it holds a position of promi-
nence in the F nandez-Llambias
house, a great treasured addi-
tion to the hom s furnishings.
Other items which were pro-
vided for the me include white
fur rugs mad from goat skins,
spirit lamps, anfold antique chest,
colored maps ahd numerous wa-
tercolor paintings, of which an
outstanding one, is that of a
woman in the native Minorcan
Also presented were complete
native costumes for both a man
and a woman, and it is planned
that in the near future wax fig-
ures may be secured to display
'A native of Minorca with his
ancentral.home at Mbngofre Nou,
Isle of Minorca, Don Rubio is a
medical doctor, who is not pres-
ently active in his profession. He
is the owner of Andromachus
Laboratories, Ltd., a wholesale
drug company with offices in 20
countries of the world.
Initial plans for construction of
the period furnishings by Mahon
craftsmen for the Llambias
House were made during Don
Rubio's visit to St. Augustine in
1958. Upon this occasion, in an
address to the St. Augustine His-
torical Society concerning Minor-
ca, he informedthe Society that
he would furnih the Llambias
house with sp.ially made furni-
ture of replicas of furniture
which would have been in a mid-
dle class Minorcan home in 1780.
This 1958 visit, however, was
not the first time Don Rubio had
been to this city, for he first
came to St. Augustine in 1956,
when he accompanied his close
friend, Francisco Sintes, the di-
rector-general of Spanish Na-
tional Archives. After this ini-
tial visit, Don Rubio became in-
tensely interested in cultivating
a close tie with St. Augustine
and particularly with descend-
ants of the early Minorcan fam-
The history of the Fernandez-
Llambias house is a very inter-
esting one, for its origin dates
to the First,Spanish period. In
1763, when Florida was ceded to
Great Britain, Pedro Fernandez
owned the coquina house on this
site, and indications- are that it
was a typical one-story Spanish
colonial structure, enlarged to
two stories under British own-
Restored in 1954 by the St.
Augustine Restoration and Pres-
ervation Association, under the
supervision of Stuart Barnette,
restoration architect, the mainte-
nance of the-house and grounds
is the responsibility of the St.
Augustine Historical Society.
Don Fernando Rubio Tuduri's
interest in the Fernandez-Llarn-
bias house relates to the Menor-
can story of the dwelling. In
1768 a large group of colonists,
many froml the Island of Min-
orca, were settled in New Smyr-
na. However, the venture failed,
and, nine years later, the re-
maining settlers moved to St.
Then, during the Second Span-
ish period, 1784-1821, St. Augus-
tinians of Minorcan descent first
occupied the residence. Juan An-
dreu, a native of Mercadal, Is-
land of Minorca, was the first.
He was one of the New Smyrna
colonists who had come to St.
Augustine in 1777.
Hhe house then remained in
the Andreu family's possession
until after the cession of Florida
to the United States, and, later,
it was purchased by Peter and
Joseph 3Ianucy, whose father
had come to New Smyrna from
In 1854. the Manucys sold the
home to Catalina Ilambias, who
retained the dwelling for some
On Don Rubio's last visit.
which occurred earlier this year,
he told X. L. Pellicer. past presi-
dent of the St. Augustine His-
The IFernandez-Llambias House, pictured here, located at
3 1 St. Francis Street, in the oldest house area, received a
great boost in its restoration project by the gift of authentic
reproductions of period pieces hand-made in Minorca es-
pecially for the dwelling. The gifts were presented by Don
Fernando Rubio Tuduri of Mahon, Island of Minorca.
nate to have Don Rubio take
such an active interest in this
restoration project, reports Mr.
Pellicer, as this furniture will
add so much to this home. "When
completed," observes Mr. Pelli-
cer, "the Fernandez- Llambias
house will be one of the show
places of the city for both its
beauty and for the story of the
heritage of the Minorcan people
which it will transmit to all who
visit the Llambias House."
THE SPY WHO CAME IN FROM
THE COLD-John Le Carre
THE GROUP-Mary McCarthy
THE WAVPSHOT SCANDAL-
CONVENTION -Fl 'ichr 1 Kne)el
and Char]es "\A. Bailey II
THE VENETIAN AFFAIR-
VON RYAN'S EXPRESS-David
THE MARTYRED-Richard E.
THE NIGHT OF) TiH F: ;GNEf T.
-Hans Hellnimu Jirt.
THE NIGHT IN T.IS ABWN-Eri>li
THE SH l:-S (]0` TFI: FI.cHEJI-
MAN-Morris N\ elt
pFOL'P, riAY)-Amric?2n Heritage
and U P'.I.
DA\- IN THI- Li-E F r' ':! -
DENT KEi:NNFiDY-Jim ;shcip
PROV 1ILE IN r-11'IF.A';'1
-John F nnrlod
M lv n':.\\'r \VI I N';iX.\ i;!;.\L
PBoZlc -.\i I l' I'\% : j
THE i 1EPVT' Y-] ',I H :I;I uii
rHE NAKI I 'n' Tl--Vn
THE GRI-EN ELT JrN\A--
J.F : TH K ?.I- I. ?_IAN THA
\ \ 1l-. N T If ': I H :* : : : S: 'I-
IX T Hi I i ". S N : .' I: O F
room of the Fernand
norca especially for
furniture and many
ez-Llambias house, admiring the au-
of period pieces. Handmade in Mi*
the Fernandez-Llambias house, the
other articles were gifts from Don
A Minorcan craftsman is pictured in his Mahon workshop
as he readies a chair to be sent to this city for use in the
Fernandez-Llambias house. Items sent include authentic
reproductions of a drop-leaf table and 10 chairs, as well
as many watercolor paintings, an old antique chest, several
white fur.rugs made of goat skins and complete native cos-.
tumes for both a man and a woman,
Mr. Pellicer, Mr. Drysdale and Don Rubio are shown here with the image of Nuestra
Senora de Monte Toro, Patroness of Minorca, a gift from Don Rubio for the Llambias
IIouse. The statue was given to the Society in 1957 by Don Rubio, after it'had been blessed
by the Bishop of Minorca,
Miss Helen Schmidt, wearing a Minorcan head dress; W.
I. Drysdale, member of the St. Augustine Historical Society
Board of Directors; Mrs. F. A. Huici, in Spanish dress, Don
Rubio and X. 'L Pellicer, past president of the Society and
long-time member, are pictured seated in the first floor
Led To Mother's Day
Sunday Morning, May 10, 1964