Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block 36, Lot 13 - Horruytiner
Title: Horruytiner--de LEON
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Horruytiner--de LEON
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block 36, Lot 13 - Horruytiner
Physical Description: Research notes
Language: English
Creator: Barnes, Eleanor P.
Publication Date: 1967
Physical Location:
Box: 7
Divider: Block 36
Folder: Block 36 Lot 13 - Horruytiner
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
214 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Horruytiner House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Lindsley House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 214 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.891647 x -81.312828
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094864
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B36-L13

Full Text


By Eleanor Philips Barnes,. 1967

It is incredible! The interconnections between

the Horruytiner family and the de Leon family.

I know there were many families who had been

related over and over for years as this is

consistent with the kind of environment to

which the residents of St. Augustine was exposed.

However, I know of no family who so consistently

blended their off-spring as did the ex-Governor

Pedro Denedict Herruytiner and the ex-Treasurer-

Capt. Don Lorenzo Josef de Leon!

Much information stands out when you inspect the

two families closely. Much you would never guess

unless you knew the families as well as I do.

Governor Horruytiner fathered his last child in

1661 just as Captain Lorenzo Josef de Leon was

getting settled to rear children. I speak of them as

contemporaries and I judge them to be near the same age

but Capt. de Leon was more of an equal of the eldest

children of the ex-Governor.

If ever there was an"inner circle" of official families

this-certainly was the cream of the middle. You have
to be familiar with the families to realize how tenaciously


they clung to this class conscious "circle".

Take those who were allowed marriage with the Horruytiners,

for example: Capt. Enrique de Riberia(Ribera) the later

well-known Sargento Mayor. Josepha de Leon, Emerciana de

Villa Real, Antonia Pueyo, daughter of the Contador.

Sanchez de Urisa sprinkled with Adjutants, Treasurers and

Contadors. The de Florencia family, one of the oldest.
The noted Pohce de Leon family and the beloved Menendez

Marques so weighted down with officials for generations.

The Hita-Salazar family from another "Gobernador clan".

Repeat those above and you have the in-laws of the ex-Treasurer,

Capt. Lorenzo Josef de Leon as well. Add the Villaverde and

Capt. Pasqua-Sanchez .to Don Lorenzo's group and you have the

"cream" of the town with a connection in every home of distinction

in the city.

The honorary title "Sargento Mayor" was the distinguished

handle given to ex-officials very often. Horruytiner had

it being an ex-Governor. The records are dotted with

the marriages and baptisms of slaves of these people.

There were other periods with other and equally important

"inner circles" as well but not with this consistent inter-

The Solana brothers held the ear of Governors nearly 50

years being Escribanoar, the job referred to by historians
as "powerful". Their brother was Deputy Governor and their


grandfather was likewise a Sargento Mayor.

But with few exceptions(one de Leon, one Ponce de Leon)

there were no Horruytiner marriages.

Each marriage usually brought forth from eight to ten

children. It must have been quite a chore keeping the

grandchildren straightened outj

For instance: The Governor's son, Juan, married the

Treasurer's daughter, Josefa. This was the first of

a long line of blendings. 1681. And a hundred years

later, 1781 they were still doing it!

Then in 1695 the Governor's grand-daughter married the

younger son of the Treasurer. Horruytiner's daughter had

married the well known Primo! Uapt. Henrique de Ribera!

Her daughter, Jacoma, was the girl who wed Uapt. de Leon's


Few years later this was followed by TWO GRANDSONS of

Sargento Mayor Pedro B. 's ....marrying TWO GRAND-DAUGHTERS

of the ex-Treasurer de Leon. One is your(Lindsley House)

line. When Don Antonio Lore~o Horruytiner married Antonia

Pueyo y de Leon in 1706. (They were the parents of the man

who last owned your home during Spanish days)
She was the daughter of Maria de Leon and Contador Juan del


4. .
Then young Antonio's brother, Pedro(not yours) does the

same thing. Prepares to marry his 3rd cousin. 1713.
Pedro Horruytiner to Maria Geronima Menendez Marques.

She was the daughter of Ana Basilia de Leon by the senior

Francisco Menendez Marques. Hence all children from

both unions would be DOUBLE FIRST COUSINS!

I often wonder (as they called the aunts..Tia) how they

knew to whom they were speaking. Especially if the "tia"

also was mother-inlaw. It was very confusing.

To add to this confusion TWO MORE of the grandchildren of

the ex-Governor united with TWO MORE of the ex-Treasurer'

Can you imagine the church holding all the relatives?

And what a FIESTAI .....the receptions to follow!

The Spaniards loved their grog, wine et al...and with
hints on the "tippling alleys" and the taverns...I'll
bet there was a gay time in the old town those nights!

I can't believe these were all..."made in heaven love matches"..

There must have been some "twisting of arms" from the parental

roof! But anyway in 1714, Miguel Horruytiner, grandson of the

Governor, married Manuela Pueyo, another daughter from the Contador's

house, grand-daughter of the ex-Treasurer.

And in 1725 young junior Menendez Marques, the Treasurer's

grandson, wed Juana Horruytiner, Josef's daughter and grandchild

of His Excellancy! By this time we have two sets of DOUBLE FIRST



The next marriage mixed relationships a little.
For when the Governor's great grandchild, Maria
Gertrude de Leon, prepared to wed she was ALREADY

the grand-daughter of the Treasurer in her own right.
who was a great grandson to BOTH her GREAT GRANDFATHER, the

ex-Governor and to her GRANDFATHER, the ex-TreasurerZ

This was the best of all! The year was 1732, part of what

is known as the "golden years" of St. Augustine's economy.

Even before they left Florida this was still going on.

In 1750 Phelipe Horruytiner, son of Pedro and grandson

of Lorenzo, great grand of the Governor, married Dona
Antonia de Villaverde y de Leon, great grand of ex-Treasurer

de Leon. Rounding out this inner circle.

There were many marriages but not one to an ORDINARY

soldier and I have listed only those that blended the families.
Even after they left Florida during the last days of the

Spanish regime and took up residence in Campeche, they
continued this practice. One of the Governor's great grand-sons,
Geronimo B. Horruytiner, married 1781 Maria Dolores de Leon,
great grand of the ex-Treasurer, and closely related to her
new spouse.


If you fail to note these relationships in planning

re-construction or restoring houses, you miss many

documents that answer your questions. That is how

Mr. Lawson pulled such a mistake on the so-called

Salazar House on St. George Street. He did not take the

FAMILIES into consideration hence failed to recognize

the Avero connection with Fernandez, Blanco and others.

The Restoration is making the same mistake which I hammer

at constantly. For example to take the Lindsley House

and use it for a tinsmith shop or a carpenter shop would

be a crime! This was, more than most, a Hidalgoo" family!

Of the first water!

Many people in St. Augustine in the early days were poor,

were deprived, this we know....They depended upon the subsidy

for sustenance. But when and IF the money, produce, material

ARRIVED....who do you think got the "gravy"'..those on the VIP

list....(and you better believe it!) The Dons, the eMAofficials,

the Sargento Mayors, and THEIR families ....never fear...

Hence the Horruytiners and the de Leon's never were deprived

too much....of that I feel sure...

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