HISEICSTAUGMTflM ATIM IMt BOMI
FIsll & aSHPARL, CHITcts f PRsUM, 1IN.
APRIL 10, 1975
SCHEMATIC DESrTN REPORT
HISTORT C ST. AUGUSTINE PRESERVATION BOARD
FISHER & SHEPARD, ARCHITECTS & PLAYERS, INC.
APRIL 10, 1975
JOAIEDA HOUSE: SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT
HISTORIC ST. AUGUsmmNE IPassmvAio BOARD
Work authorized by Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board on 8 March 1975.
Owner's Representatives: Mr. John Griffin; Mr. Robert Steinbach.
,-Architect's Representative: Mr. Herschel Shepard.
Address: 57 Treasury Street, St. Augustine, St. John's County, Florida.
Legal Description: Lot 7, Block 15, City of St. Augustine, Florida, according to
official map thereof filed January 3, 1905, in the office of the Clerk of the
Survey: Job B-6-130 by Loren.N. Jones dated January 1971, revised 1, 3/3/75.
Federal matching grant in the amount of $41,238.00..
Notification of grant approval by letter from Mr. Robert Williams, State Historic
Preservation Officer, State of Florida, Department of State, Division of Archives,
History, and Records Managemeent, dated 20 February 1974.
The matching funds of $41,238.00 constitute the total design and construction budget
for the project.
2. HISTORIC AND ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE.
Chronology of ownership of the property has been documented by the Historic St.
Augustine Preservation Board and is attached as Appendix 1.
Earliest reference to "coquina" house is noted in letter, seeking permit to sell,
dated January 27, 1807 (Appendix 1, Page 3).
Same reference indicates sale was to satisfy creditors, one of whom was coquina mason.
Subsequent ownership data and field data to date indicate that the structure described
in 1807 was not demolished or extensively rebuilt through 1925 (Appendix 1, Pages
Thus the present structure is apparently the structure described in the'1807 letter.
Assuming the coquina mason was eager to be paid for his work, it is reasonable to
assume the structure was built in 1806.
The fabric of the building remains essentially as originally constructed in ca. 1806,
and is a valuable example of Second Spanish Period Colonial Architecture.
Evidence of wooden first floor framing is*of historical and architectural importance,
since such evidence is rare (Manucy, p. 116).
The building is an excellent example of the one-story "St. Augustine Plan" described
by Manucy (Manucy, A., .The Houses of St. Augustine, p. 56 ill. 24&; p. 550 p. 75
3. PRELIKNARY DEMITIFICATIDN OF ORIWTNAL O STILL IN PLACE.
Identification of original work combines field investigations of the Architect and
of the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board.
Archaeological investigation of the south loggia was accomplished by Thomas G. Ledford
for the Board between December 17, 1973 and January 2, 1974 (Ledford, Thomas G.;
"Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board: Preliminary Report of Excavations at
Joaneda House B15L7"; Feb. 6, 1975; typewritten manuscript attached as Appendix 2).
Archaeological investigation of the first-floor floors was accomplished for the Board
by Robert H. Steinbach on March 12, 17, 18, 19, and 20, 1975 (field notes and draw-.
ings attached as Appendix 3).
Preliminary architectural investigation was conducted by the Architect on Match 25 and
Prelmin measured drawings were prepared by architectural students of the University
of Flcrida during March and April, 1975 under the supervision of Ms. Susan Tate,
Instructor, and are attached as Appendix 4.
3. PRELIMINARY IDENTIFICATION OF ORIGINAL WORK STILL IN PLACE (Continued).
The one-story coquina masonry structure apparently dates from ca. 1806 as noted pre-
A masonry-lined shallow well may be of early date; further investigation is required.
C. Existing Original Floors.
The southern porch tabby floor (Ledford, p. 5).
Remains of coquina supports for wooden floor system excavated by Steinbach (Steinbach
This floor was probably original, but its construction is puzzling and requires fur-
Several attic floor planks, square-tongued and grooved.
D. Existing Original Masonry Walls.
All coquina masonry walls as far as can be determined to date.
Slight possibility that the interior partition was later addition.
Ledges in foundation walls were apparently not provided to support flooring but do indi-
cate lowest probable elevation of bottom of floor planks.
The masonry of the west wall of the south room is keyed into the west wall of the west
room indicating the south room was part of original construction.
The assymetry of the east gable, if part of original construction, would indicate the
porch roof was original; further investigation is necessary.
E. Existing Original Ceiling Joists (Attic Floor Joists).
All joists except where modified for later stair.
These joists are finely dressed with beaded bottom edges and bear traces of whitewash,
indicating they were intended to be exposed to view.
F. Existing Original Roof Rafters (House).
All rafters, except where modified by later second floor entrance from south, and north
dormer framing; hand-hewn and hand-sawn.
G. Existing Original Porch Rafters and Joists.
Evidence of ceiling joists, now removed, apparent in south masonry wall.
Portions of beaded rafters remain in attic space of main house.
Beaded rafters indicate rafters were originally exposed to view, and, that the ceiling
joists were probably a later addition.
There is a possibility that the porch roof was a later addition,; further investigation
H. Existing Original Stripping and Shingles.
I. Existing Original Door Openings and Doors.
Door opening from south porch to east room, and possibly cedar frame.
Door opening from east room to west room.
Door opening from south porch to west room was probably original main entrance, now
Original opening to south room west of porch has not. yet been determined, but was
from the porch or south.
No original doors, frames or casings remain, except as noted above.
Original openings determined by presence of flat coquina lintel arches, consisting of a
cantilevered stone from each jamb meeting in a central keystone.
J. Existing Original Window Openings and Windows.
All window openings, except the dormer and east gable window in the attic.
The present main entrance from Treasury St. in the north wall was probably a window
originally, since flat arch lintel is at same elevation and design. as flanking
Window frames are early; integrity of first plaster coat. at intersection pf. frames
indicates frames are probably original.
No original windows, stools, or sills remain, but there is evidence of original wooden
stools approximately 2j" thick.
3. PRELIMINARY IDENTIFICATION OF ORIGINAL WORK STILL IN PLACE (Continued)
K. Existing Original Fireplace aid Chimney.
Original coquina firebox, plastered, is partly visible.
Good condition of unplastered coquina flue may indicate recent reconstruction;
further investigation required.
Flat arch of coquina above firebox appears original.
Hearth has not been investigated to date.
L. Existing Original Plaster.
Portions of early and perhaps original plaster are visible beneath later plaster
at windows and doors, but an exact determination of date is not possible at this
First floor ceiling joists, as noted above, indicate plaster ceilings were not intended
.originally, and traces of whitewash indicate framing was exposed at an early date;
further investigation required.
Some plaster in concealed attic areas may be original.
M. Existing Original Stair or Ladder.
N. Other Existing Original Items.
Wooden pegs are visible in roof rafters at ridge.
One hand-wrought nail used to toenail a rafter into the wall plate from above was
recovered, substantiating a pre-1820 construction date.
Dates of traces of whitewash cannot be determined at this time.
4. WORK ANACHRONISTIC TO ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION.
A. Work Known To Be Of Later Date.
Hexagonal concrete tile floor in mortar bed on sand fill.
Stair from west room to attic (now removed, but evident in concrete floor fill and
modified framing of attic floor joists).
Attic east gable window and opening.
Attic flooring except as noted above.
Wood plaster furring in attic.
All wood baseboards.
All windows, except frames.
All window sills, stools, and related trim.
All electrical wiring and illuminating gas piping.
All doors, frames, sills, and related trim except as noted above.
Door opening from south room to west room.
One of the openings from the exterior to the south room; determination of the original
may not be possible.
Roofing and sheathing.
All plaster except as noted above.
Metal window grilles.
Brick firebox, tile hearth, and iron bar lintel.
Foundations in southeast corner of property.
Two-story structure (now removed) located south of original building.
Shelving flanking the fireplace and chimney.
B. Work Probably of Later Date.
Entrance to west room from Treasury Street.
C. Work Possibly of Later Date.
Wooden first floor (further excavation required).
5. INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL CONDITION,
A. Masonry Walls.
All masonry walls surrounding the east and west rooms are sound, although some patching
The west wall of the south roma is sound. /
5. INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL CONDITION. (Continued)
A. Masonry Walls (Continued).
The south wall of the south room is basically sound, but a lintel must be provided
over the door opening or the opening must be filled solid to insure structural
The east wall of the south room requires action identical to the south wall.
Cantilivered jamb stones at some flat arch lintels above openings have cracked and
must be replaced; however, most lintels are in good condition.
B. Attic Floor Joists and Roof Rafters.
Approximately 50% of these members show deterioration due to termites and/or rot
near and at bearing masonry walls.
If possible, portions of these members in good condition should be re-used and areas
in poor condition replaced with new or good used material spliced in.
Otherwise, these members must be replaced.
C. Other Areas.
The original porch foundations excavated by Ledford are sufficient to support a
light shingled roof similar to the original (Appendix 2).
A. Removal of Anachronistic Work.
All anachronistic work should be removed and replaced with material and methods of
workmanship appropriate to the 1806 period.
Openings not original should be filled or modified to original unless adaptive re-
use is required.
B. Extent of Restoration Justified.
Preliminary investigation indicates that major elements of original construction remain
in good condition.
The soundness and historical value of the structure argue strongly for an accurate
restoration to ca. 1806.
Adaptation for modern residential use should preserve the integrity of the existing
elements to as -great extent as practical.
Original elements now missing; i.e., the south porch and original south entrance
door, should be restored.
The site, including appropriate fence and gardened or landscaped areas, should be
restored to ca. 1806.
C. Suggested Modernizations.
The building should be adapted to residential use.
The three first floor rooms should be utilized for kitchen-dining, living-sleeping,
and dressing-bath, respectively, resulting in a one-story efficiency apartment.
A future bath, bedroom, and storage space should be planned for the loft space,
accessible by a future circular stair, and scheduled as an additive alternate.
Provide off-street parking for one automobile secured by an appropriate fence from
the residence and yard.
As an additive alternate, the parking space should be enclosed by the fence with
Change the existing entrance from Treasury Street into an appropriate window, and
restore the original entrance from the south porch (this work is both restora-
tion and modernization).
Provide built-in kitchen base and wall cabinetwork and include a standard refrigera-
tor-freezer, two-compartment sink, and combination range-oven with self-contained
Provide a modern bath and dressing area on the first floor, including tiled floor,
vanity lavatory, tub and shower, water closet, and linen and clothes storage.
Future loft modernization should include a bath with shower, wall-hung water closet,
and vanity lavatory.
Provide at least one loft dormer in basic contract for light and ventilation of the
Provide split-system all-electric ducted heating and cooling.
The basic system shall consist of an outside compressor and inside air handler and
minimum concealed ductwork and registers.
/. RECOMMENDATIONS (Continued)
C. Suggested Modernizations (Continued)
Compressor shall be straight air conditioning with heating by two-staged heat strips.
Locate the air handler in the loft, ductwork in eave space.
Locate compressor on east property line and screen from view.
Provide electrical service with concealed outlets and panel.
If possible, locate meter and main panel adjacent to compressor on bast property line,
with house panel fed underground and concealed in kitchen-dining.
See attached Schematic Plans for suggested floor plans and furniture arrangement.
7. STATEMENT OF PROBABLE CONSTRUCTION COST.
A. Method of Computation.
Cost at Schematic Design Phase is estimated by multiplying square footage by an esti-
mated unit cost, based on present competitive market conditions.
Gross areas of the structure are as follows, measured from outside faces of exterior
Ground floor, including south room: 687 S. F.
Loft, including unusable eave space at 1/2: 446 S. F.
Porch at 1/2: 293 S. F.
Total 1,226 S. F.
The minimum estimated unit cost advisable at Schematic Design Stage for this type of
work is $35.00 per square foot for first floor,: site, and basic services, and
$15.00 per square foot for the loft.
B. Probable Cost.
The following costs include site work and restoration and modernization of the struc-
First floor, including site work and porch:
(780 x $35) ............................... $27,300 (Base Bid)
Loft space (additive alternate):
(446 x $15)............................... 6,690 (Alternate No. 1)
5% Contingency 1,700
Maximum Fees 5,000
TOTAL PROBABLE COST $40,690
The total cost includes reduced construction inflation at 6% through December 1975.
However, if construction inflation continues at 12%, Additive Alternate No. 1 will
exceed the budget.
C. Work Included.
(1) Under Base Bid:
Clearing.of site, including foundation demolition and rubbish removal.
Site improvements, including wooden fence, exterior utilities, and basic landscaping.
Restoration of building to 1806 period, including shingle roof, roof structure, loft
floor, ground level wooden floor, doors, windows, original firebox, hardware,
porch, south room, access hatch to loft.
Modernization including kitchen cabinets and equipment,, first floor bath and dressing,
dormer in loft, first floor electrical and plumbing utilities, roughed-in loft
space plumbing and utilities, and first floor and loft heating and air conditioning
(2) Under Additive Alternate No. 1:
Modernization of loft, including bath, closet space, sleeping area, circular stair,
finished plumbing and electrical work.
H rschel 3. Shepard, Architect
- 5 -
BLOCK 15, LOT7 7o )
1762 T. Jefferies -L 2 housan
1764 Puente N. #186
Heirs of Don Jose Izquierdo, sto nd tabby houses
46 varas NS 46 v .'ar.ZW
1764 List of properties sold by Puente'to Fish and others
Papeles de 'Cuba, Legajo 372
Sold to Jesse Fish
Another lot of Don Joseph Yzquierdo 10 pesos
The house of the same Don Joseph Yaquierdo 100 pesos
:17'6'5 Moncrief Map
Shows. houses -- masonry
1766 ca. de Sol'is Map
East Florida Pape.rs,, Bundle 319,
Jea~e Fish Account'List: 176 -70?
Don, Joseiphtand AnaiYzquierdo
176.3 For different-,Writings: transferred by Franco Salgado
1777 Tan. 6-For the deed and measuring the lot
4 4 rs
1M77 Jan. 6-For stone sold from his house 11 ps' 6 1/i
For'his House anid;iot 'old.to'uan Clarck-168.p ,3 1/2 rP
C-D .2 x .
APPENDIX 1 Page 1
Bl. 15, Lot 7
78 Rocque Map
#159 N9 house
Square 20 Lot in the rear of the above house, held by the said
Bartholome Yufruiu and owned by the Crown.
l7M0 Quesada's Lis;t
Square 15 #126
House of Juan Yaneda on King's lot, bounded: S. by King's lot
held by Agueda Villalonga, E. jby Domingo Martinely, W. by *
Pedro Triay, N. by the Old Treasury St.
25 (E-W)'x 30 v.i @ 1/2 rr per Isq. v.
Note: The name is. spelled in various ways-Juaneda, Yaneda,
Yoaneda, Joaneda, Yuaneda and some of the family much later
changed their name to Floyd.
18.0'' List of Appraisals
Square 15 #126
House of Juan Yaneda on the'King's lot, bounded in front by the
cross street of the old Treasiiry, on the South by the King's lot
in possession of Agueda V-ill'alonga, on the East by Don Domingo
Martinely, and on the West by Pedro Friay (Triay?); its
measurement in front EW;twenty-five: yards, and depth NS
thirty yards,. which at the rate of.half a real, increase included,
amounts to 374 1/2 reales.
Note.: That this day was 'issued by this Government title of
ownership and possessioAn ,ii perpetuity of the above lot in favor of
Tuan Yoaneda, in/virltue of the Royal cedula of 17th June 1801,
remitting 'to those in.'debt for quitrenis payment of the capital and
rents for the houses 'aind ,1ois they acquired when they were, returned
to the royal domain. Saint)'Augustine, Fla.--January 1807.
1807 Briefs of East Florida '.-apers;;iEscrituras, 'Vol. II, Bundlq 376,
Block, 15. #126
.Title'January 23 Govt. Henry White rehearses Quesada's auction of
properties an'd King's remission- of costs, and issules.final title'"
to Juan Joaneda in lot 126,.:block 14'(should be 15), on which he has
built, wooden house. Lot measured EW 25 yds., N$ 30.' Fronts '
N on; costss street, of the old Treasury; E bounded by heirs of Domingo
Maxtinely; S. by P.blo Mestresi; W.'bby Wmin.' Mills.
APPENDIX 1 Page 2
.Bl, 15, Lot7
18Q07' Briefs of East Florida Papers, Escrituras, Vol. II, Bundle 376, p.i iZ.
Block 15 #126
Sale January 27, 1807, 'Juan Yuaneda.Juan Gonzales Montes de
SOca coquina house (same as above but now called coquina and
measurement of lot is here given as 20 yds. EW and 30 NS.
The letter to Governor asking permit to sell calls it "coquina
house situated on the lane going to the Tannery, next to that of
William Mills" and says it is sold to satisfy creditors, especially.
the man who rebuilt the house fopr him in coquina, it being of wood
1809.1810 East Florida Papers,. Escrituras, Bundle 377, p. 169.
Juan Gonzalez Montes de Oca to Nicholas Sanchez.
Treasury St. 126 Governor
Nicholas Sanchez married Maria Magdalena Juaneda, the daughter of
Juan; Juaneda, in 1798; however -he bought the property above.
Note: Bundle 377!is missing, from the East Florida Papers, however,
the above transaction'witlh 'thel.rference to Bundle 377 is recorded in,
Budle 409, Book or Registeri of .City Lots (Saint Augustine).
18.14- East. Florida Papers, Escrituras, i Buxdle 379, p. 309 v.
ISale Dec. 22 of lot #127 sold by 'Wiliiam Mills to Pedro Trope gives
East boundary as heirs of: J.uan Yoanedes.
181. East Florida Papers,' Escri'tras. 17.64-1821, Bundle 380, p. 307
"Will of Nicholas Sanchez,26' May 18.16,'
'.Owns a house 'of mamposteria' situated in this city.(Saint Augustine)
on-cross street that goes to the ;Marina,. bounding on the Norte with
the same street, to the South with. jot of Don Pablo Me'stre, to the
East with lot. of the widow ofPedro Mestae and to the West:4iith house
and lot of Pedro aTope.
APPENDIX 1 Page 3
Bl. 15, Lot 7
v1821 Nicholas Sanchez
Saint Johns Co. Court, Deed Book G, p. 66.
1826 October 5
Jose E. Sanchez, Adm. of Nicholas Sanchez, sells to Margaret Pomar,
stone house, bounded on north by lane, that leads from the Bay to
Pablo Sabate's tan-yard, South by lot of Samuel Cook, east by Marie
Masters, west by Pedro Trope E-W 20 Spanish varas, N-S 30 varas.,
Lot with-a stone house built onjit,. bounded as follows: On the North
by an alley that leads from the 'Bay to Pablo Sabates Tan Yard, on
the South by lot of Samuel Cook, on the East by lot by Maria MestrA
and on the West by lot of Pedro Trope--measuring in front East and
West twenty Spanish: varas and in depth NS thirty Spanish varas be the.
same more or less
1834 Clements Survey
Square 15, Lot 8
1800' (Original Claimant) John J. Ed4r (I think it should be John Yaneda)
1S3,4 (Joseph Pomar) present claimant.
Note: Yaneda spelled seve'r4l ways and John J. Edar could be a
misreading of Yaneda who owned property in 1790-1803 and until
Saint Johns County Court, Filei Case S-5.
1852, October 2 with application of Maurice Sanchez for letter of..
administration of estate,of Nicholas Sanchez, a minor, deceased,
is the will of Jose E, Sa!nchez cilting:that Jose E. Sanchez was the
sone of Nicholas San'che'z and'- Malena'Juaneda; married Camilla
Canova and' also had-a son named Nicholas.
1852 Sometime after 1852' acquired by Venancio Sanchez.
1885 County tax list 1885 ;shows title in name 'of W. J. Sanchez.'
.APPENDIX 1 Page 4
Bl. 15, Lot 7
1l905 City Map
Block 15, Lot 7
William J. Sanchez Dwellings.
Saint Johns Co. 'Courthouse, Deed Book 54, p. 206
1925. 1925, March 28.
Block 15, Lot 7
JW. J. Sanchez to Mary and Gertrude Montgomery for $7, 500. 00.
J. E. Harman
APPENDIX 1 Page 5
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE PRESERVATION BOARD
Preliminary Report, of Excavations
at the Joasneda House
December 17, 1973 Jan. 2, 1974
Thomas G. Ledford
Feb. 6, 1975
APPENDIX 2 Page 1
In the latter part of December, 1973, an archaeological excavation
was undertaken by the Historic St.' Augustine Preservation Board at the
Joaneda House (15L7), at 57 Treasury Street. Excavation was carried out
to determine if any indication of a southern porch existed. The Joaneda
House is a basic St.. Augustine Plan structure (Manucy, 1962) having two
large rooms on the street and a smaller room adjoining the rear of the
west room. Since one of the criteria set up by Manucy is an off-street
porch and entry, it was felt that some determination should be made as to
whether such a porch did at one time exist and how it related to the con-
struction dates of the existing structure.
The excavation took nine working days using a crew which varied from
two to four. Thomas G. Ledford supervised. The site initially showed no
indication of a porch, however scars on the southern wall of the standing
structure suggested that an addition had extended southward from the two
front rooms. Visible fenestration consisted of two doors, one opening to
the south from the east room and the other facing east from the southwest
room.' The south door is presently boarded over.
Two by three meter squares and five centimeter arbitrary levels were
used for provenience control in the initial states. The arbitrary levels were
discontinued when natural stratigraphy became apparent.
APPENDIX 2 Page 2
The excavations revealed the remnants of an addition to the existing
structure dating post 1906 and the footings and tabby floor of a porch which
was probably part of the original construction.
Brick footings had been set directly onto pre-existing coquina block
foundations to form two rooms adjoining the three existing rooms. The east
addition measured 2. 5 m. x 3.4 m. while the adjoining room, sharing the
walls of the southwest room and the east addition, was 2. 5 m. x 3 m..
Wall scars and roof modification indicate this addition was substantial and
permanent, adding half again as much floor space to the structure. A U. S.
dime, dated 1906 and a U.S.-penny dated 1901 found in the mortar of these
brick footings provide a post 1906 construction date. The coquina block
footings themselves are irregulars in size, lack mortar and are generally
single course although double coursing occurs in the western half of the
east-west foot. Many of the larger blocks showed signs of having been
trimmed to level for the ca. 1906 addition. The blocks run under the south
wall of the southwest room and come up to but do not bond or butt the south-
east corner of the existing building. There is a gap about 40 cm. wide in
the east foot where either a coquina block has been removed, or a wooden
sill may have rotted out. There was no evidence to support either hypothesis.
When compared to the observed footings of the existing south wall, these
blocks appear quite small and vary greatly in size, suggesting that they
were not intended as load bearers but rather used to raise the grade of this
area. I should mention that no blocks occurred beneath the north south
position footing separating the two ca. 1906 addition rooms. It is reasonable,
APPENDIX 2 Page 3
then, to assume that the coquina blocks define a single unit of space. Along
sections of the east-west foot, segments of a possible builder's trench (F. S. 16)
were excavated in an effort to date the coquina footings. Ceramic material in
the fill suggests the trench was filled ca. 1800-1820. A late pipe trench oblit-
erated any evidence of the north-south trench. Two other features, both pits,
were thought to be associated with the footings, however material from the
fill suggested a much earlier deposition, ca. 1740-1760, and will be discussed
The fill of the area bounded by the footings appears to be associated
with the two building phases suggested by the footings. Generally, the fill
consists of tabby with crushed coquina..aggregate, light tan in color, showing
one or two areas of smooth original surface. For the most part however,
the surface is worn or broken and in several large areas the tabby fill has
been removed altogether. In the east end of the area all of the tabby has
been removed and was regraded with brick rubble. The bricks are the same
as those used in the ca. 1906 footings and appear to be used, many having
mortar adhering to one or more faces.. No whole bricks were observed
from this fill and no artifacts were recovered from this provenience. A
smaller section at the western end of the porch area was also removed but
there is no evidence to suggest any reason for its removal.
At this point the evidence indicated a poured tabby porch 2. 5 m. x
6.4 m. bound by irregular coquina block which contained the pour, raised
the grade and bore little if any weight. Due to the brief amount of time
APPENDIX 2 Page 4
available and in hopes of future work all of the existing floor and blocks were
left in situ. However, the brick rubble fill was removed and two grade levels
were explored in hopes of obtaining a date for the sub tabby floor grade. The
sandy grade fill immediately underneath the rubble (Level III, F. S. 13) con-
tained material ca. 1800-1820 and I should note a large concentration of
wrought nails (102) randomly dispersed. Also a small burned area was observed
near the gap in the eastern north-south footings and the fill showed uniform'char-
coal speckling suggesting a borrowed hearth midden. The next level (Level IV,
F. S. 14) had apparently been graded before the sandy fill was placed on top of
it. The fill was brown-black and a depression, filled .first with an orange
sandy lens and then a grey-brown fill was noted in the south half of this area.
A small refuse, pit (Feature 3, F.S. 15) filled with a high percentage of whole
oyster shell was encountered between the intersection of the orange sandy lens
and the block border and the preserved tabby floor. This pit appeared to be a
primary deposit, intruding slightly into the orange sandy lens. Since the fill
contained material ca. 1740-60 further excavation in the brick rubble substrate
seemed unwarranted at this time.
The doorways of the existing structure were examined along with the
exposed block footings adjoining the porch area. The east door of the south-
west room was paved with concrete tile which was fairly modern. This was
removed and several large regular coquina blocks were exposed. From the
notching observed it appears that a wooden sill 10 cm. wide and 133 cm. long
had been set in at one time. No evidence of this sill nor its approximate
height were determinable. No further work was done on this door due to
APPENDIX 2 Page 5
time. The south oor of the east room of the exitng structure had a recent
concrete sill poured onto the grade. This was removed and a pegged jamb
was observed. However, due to time and the boarding up of this door 'nothing
more was done until a more comprehensive examination could be undertaken.
As a final note in discussing the evidence encountered, we exposed a
short section of a substantial tabby wall footing which appears to run under the
porch northward and extends southward no further than Im.. The extent of-
this footing was determined by probing with a survey pin to the known depth
of the top of the exposed footing. This feature and several pits (Feas. 1, 2, 3 & 4)
suggest a pre-1763 structure and habitation on the site. Since our efforts were
focused on the architectural features of the present structure no effort was
made to expand into or disturb earlier proveniences in the hope that future
work could be done in a more thorough manner.
To conclude, I feel that a southern porch conforming to Manucy's basic
St. Augustine plan criteria was part of the Joaneda House, either constructed
simultaneously with the house or soon after. The fill from the undisturbed
segments of the builder's trench (F.S.16) and the fill from the tabby substrate
.(Level III, F.S. 13) contained material ca. 1800-1820 and conforms to the
structure building date of 1806. These were the only two proveniences which
I felt were really associated with the construction of the porch. Removal of
the tabby floor and investigation of the grade fill and interior builder's trench
if any, should substantiate ca. 1800-1820 deposition.
APPENDIX 2 Page 6
There was no evidence for any type of roof support and the lightness
of the coquina footings argues against any typ. of heavy masonry col-mn or
arch.. Perhaps removal of the blocks along the south side would reveal post
holes but there was no indication of post intruding through these .blocks.
Manucy's southern entrance criteria will have to be looked at in the
wall, there was no evidence left in the porch area itself. However, the sill
of the east door in the southwest room suggest that the grade of that floor .
was higher than the grade of the porch. Examination of the floor in that room
should reveal whether this is.the case or show the sill to be above both floors.
Obviously more work needs to be done both on fenestration and existing
floors. The pre-1763 occupation should be dealt with as well as the relation-
ship of the yard and well to the south to the present structure. To facilitate
future work,visquine plastic was used to cover the site prior to back filling
and, as mentioned before, only features germaine to the problem were
explored and all of the surviving elements of the porch were left in situ.
APFPDCDIX 2 Paste 7
ATo OR~6. ~WG. ~Y H.'SNEPAZc,
* ~ -J
3 2 0
_PDEDSY- SHE'PAeP. THiS 'SHEEts5 A
Z13oajOsJT:E ErHE TWCLUR141mAL5__S
S.- a i 1
1 1 1 1 I I
'-- " u ..J ,
RAPI4IC SCALE tN FEET
1 0 25 4 s 7
,ApA Mouse >T AO<..LoyrneE
CX<" r e.L-e- w cis-
'/t *t I'-O
-&KaMa c~ONwAY A> ^e 5& ..- i-.-
GRAPHIC SCALE IN FEET
S1 2 3 4 5 4 7
6RAP41IC SCALE IN FEET
I 0 1 2 3 4 5 & 7
JOANI PIA HOiE
WALmASI I=.. s- a-N
.,ij 'o~wiwy z bz.- o.,rT. 'r
* ~GM~ '~:*-1'-0~
* ~Jh*J C..094WA'T ~2~- '~vr ~
6EAPI4IC SCALE IN FEET
1 0 12 3 4 5 7
GRAPHIC SCALE IN FEET
I 0 1. 2 3 4 5 C 7
ail c211 I ::I=m
.AE u OF r
1!WJAN Z.O.WA'y s/5S
t*lz -7 O 42-Th eaw Ti* A g -sir 4a
1i i .
V- 3!'Vt I L 'J? L* Io -17' L e-'- W 5f L -io'1. v Aew
III I I I II II .1~
....fi.fA~Ii4 a **-io~~*~ ~ a I7tm~-!Yt'~ F
- I I I I "
a? Vgoe _s-.Sv L'<7-* 9*
I -- -
" 4,ofr aoca p -r-w=
6RAPWIC SCALE IN FEET
1 0 2 3 4 5 6 7
I. .. I I
. o . -. i : '.' . ., . .. : '; .-' -'.,
3" *,s" .. 2"/8, ," :. 3" ^f,'c, ".J," : ar y
TO' s .
. ke t-,' A- O 1
S I I I a I
~fT r4 t4 &w 1AWf aY
GRAPHIC SCALE IM FEET
I 0 1 2 5 4 5 7
OEM M- M
u )vL.e -U sab2.Is M
A8 sea U f V.
Lve.. i U-M C D e~ TAIL -
-._ ]~,. T ,- ,4Pmg- -4 - : A ,ls '-o"
6RAPH IC. SCALE IN FEET
1 0 I 2 3 4 5 4 7 8 9 to il
c,- b::pg tte^ Li r.h-"
.GiA P"IC SCALE IN FEET
S0 1 2 4
R.M '+e *?-' *.- hydra.r-r the
N.E. cot--net- oF tfhV tnt-' -.:- op
0t Treasur-y and Spa1 nlh .-ma: s,
,LEV. q.4 < U.DC.. ,.-5. M.'.L.. D,.a -or,,.- .
P lV. 1, 3.'2/"7-, .M : and ; ri e-.ta-.bli shed.
iAP OF SURVEY
SCALE: 1" = 20' JAInARY, 1971
DkSCR IPT IOTf :
LOT 7, BLOCK 15, CITY 02' ST. AUUSTIiE, FLORIDA, ACCORDING
TO O.PICIAL HAP *THERflSO' 'ILED JA;TUARY 3, 1905, Ii' '':?E
O'FTICE OF THE CLERK OP C21 IRCUJIT COURT.
4 ~ '4'
-*.' *, A
I,.> tt -
*.,j. .' /
SI T:,L.Y CERTIFY: That tho above
MAP OF SURVEY is to the boat of rV
knowledge a correct representation
of the heroin described property as
recently surveyed under my direction.
REGISTERED NGIN-R l. 1'3
REGISTERED SURV'EYOR 0:O. 894
IP rAT I )
-GROUND FLOOQ1 PLAN -.
S "- .oI I 1 i I 1 1 !
---o a t 4 S. '1 8 1
FMSUeR 4f EPAIZC> ARmcurrecTs4 I Pi IN 0c.
AF4.4-W -. 1I74
ATTIC FLOOR PLAN ,-.-
l "4i l l S t I
' t 4 .
FWER i4eSPAWD AA
A g A ,-