PREDICTED SITE LOCATIONS
An archaeological sample survey of St. Johns County has been
made by the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board (Smith and
Bond 1984, Bond 1987). Data from this survey allowed the
development of a model that predicted areas which were highly
likely to contain prehistoric and historic sites. Soil data,
specifically the soil series, proved to be the key element in
predicting site locations. Archaeological sites are generally
located on the better drained soils throughout St. Johns County.
Using this model we can define high probability areas within the
aquatic preserve region. Using soil survey maps (USDA 1983),
these areas are highlighted on Figure 1. The most common high
probability soils in the region appear to be Adamsville fine sand
(1), Astatula fine sand (2), Tavares fine sand (6), Zolfo fine
sand (8), Pomello fine sand (15), Orisino fine sand (16), and
Sparr fine sand (44). Most of these soils are found adjacent to
the St. Johns River and it's tributaries.
Clearly there are a large number of areas which are likely
to contain archaeological sites where no sites are presently
reported. The St. Johns County Archaeological Survey recognized
the fact that the St. Johns River region appeared to be under
represented in recorded sites. It recommended that this region be
more thoroughly surveyed sometime in the near future. This
recommendation still stands. Further work along the St. Johns
River will certainly reveal more prehistoric and historic sites
than those listed above. Until a new archaeological survey can
begin the best way to protect these important sites is through
preservation. Aquatic Preserve status for this portion of the St.
Johns River may help in preserving these sites.