The house was a two-story masonry structure with wooden floors and a gabled, shingled
rdof. There was a street balcony to the east and a loggia along the southern two-thirds
of the west elevation. In floor plan it was almost identical to Manucy's "Basic
St. Augustine Plan" house (Appendix A). Above the loggia there would have been either an
open porch or an enclosed room, there being precedent for both conditions (Appendix B).
Entrance from the street would have been through a gate south of the SE corner of the
Roof pitch would have ranged from 300 to 450
Interior walls were finished with white plaster.
Ceilings were probably lath and plaster although the 1st floor ceiling could have been
exposed 3" x 6" beams with simple beading.
Fireplaces on both 1st and 2nd floors were centered on the north wall of the NE rooms.
Windows would reflect the then current trend toward double hung, 6 over 6, or 12 over 12
sash with either 7" x 9" or 8" x 10" lights.
Doors were probably 6 panel on the exterior and beaded board on the interior and openings
were probably 33" wide on interior doors and up to 50" on exterior. Walls were between
18' and 19' from grade to plate.
Shutters were probably solid on the ground floor and a louvered blind type on the second.
Hardware would have been minimal; box locks on exterior doors, lift latches elsewhere, H
and HL hinges on all but the heaviest doors which might have had strap types.
The exterior finish would have been steel troweled plaster, and white-washed. Eaves were
very narrow with the facia board coming down to cover the plate. Gable ends were proba-
January 15, 1973
M Pt upX B
of decorative material. Moldings and chamfers were not absent from
the work, but the relative coarseness of shellstone kept the moldings
few and simple. They are neoclassic in concept. The contours were
cut directly into the stone and covered with a thin coat of plaster.
As you would expect, the quality of design and workmanship
varies. This fact is obvious in extant examples, where repair or
renovation has not "improved" the old work. Design differences are
particularly noticeable in arcades, all of which use the arco de punto
around arch),125 springing from a pier that is no higher than one's
head (Fig. 49). The piers 'ae rectangular pillars, with base and
capital. Some piers are massive broad and carry arches
port a second-story wll. Others are light, with thin, graceful arches.
Sometimes the arises of all elements are rounded off with a convex
Along with many turned- wooden posts that are obviously 19th
century, old photographs record an occasional set of knobby, spool-
like posts similar to certain Spanish lathe work. But this is not
conclusive evidence for existence of the type in colonial times.
The records give the British responsibility for building at least
one piazza during the 1770's; this one ran the full length of a 40-
foot house and had a new room at the end of it.l26 Probably
numerous others were also built, because the English, especially the
exiles from Charleston, were no strangers to the pleasantness of a
piazza. Some houses in later years developed second floor porches
which merged with the street balcony and formed a gallery all the
way around the building.
The first document to mention balconies seems to be the record
of August 25, 1713, which certified that the Governor and his lady
did, upon the balconies of the official residence, fling "a large
amount" of silver coins to the populace crowded into the street and
patio (Fig. 11). The balcony was not often found on the yard sides
of the house, since porch construction supported by posts or pillars
was more practical there. But on the street side, the balc6n de la
calle (street balcony), according to 19th century photographs,
seemed to sprout from almost every two-story house (Fig. 50-51).
Even the Britishers built balconies.'27