The Panama Canal spillway =

Material Information

The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Portion of title:
Parallel title:
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Issues for also have Spanish title:
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Place of Publication:
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Panama Canal
Creation Date:
July 16, 1982
Publication Date:
Biweekly[Jan. 6, 1984-1999]
Weekly[ FORMER <June 1966>-Dec. 23, 1983]
Physical Description:
37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )


Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note:
Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note:
Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note:
Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note:
Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.

Record Information

Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
02582102 ( OCLC )
83642750 ( LCCN )
0364-8044 ( ISSN )
HE538 .A37 ( lcc )
386/.444/05 ( ddc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Faro (Balboa, Panama)

UFDC Membership

Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC
Panama and the Canal

Full Text

Gift of the Panama Canal Murserm

More Than 67 Years of Service to World Commerce

The Panama Canal Spillway

Vol. XX. No. 43

Friday, July 16, 1982

/ / "Amistad"joins tugboat fleet

I with christening ceremony

Kathleen McAuliffe, wife of
Administrator D. P.
McAuliffe, gets into the
"spirit" of things while
christening the new
Panama Canal tugboat
"Amistad" with the
traditional bottle of bubbly.
With her, from left to right,
are Donald "Boysie"
Bollinger, Executive Vice
President of Bollinger
Machine Shop and
Shipyard of Lockport, La.;
General Manager George
Bollinger; Commission
General Services Director
Fred A. Cotton; and Capt.
George T. Hull, Marine

Photo by Don Goode

Coretta King is

Panama's guest

Coretta Scott King, wife of the
late civil rights leader and Nobel
Peace Prize-recipient, Dr. Martin
Luther King Jr., arrived, in Pan-
ama on the evening of Wednesday,
July 14. She was accompanied by
Professor Christine King Ferris,
Dr. King's sister; Cirilo McSween,
former Panamanian track and
field star, now a prominent busi-
nessman in the United States; and
Dolores Harman.
Mrs. King and her party are the
guests of the government of
Panama. During her stay, Mrs.
King will meet with President
Aristides Royo and Mrs. Raquel
P. Torrijos, wife of the late
Panama National Guard Com-
mandant Omar Torrijos Herrera.
Mrs. King will also. meet with
officials in Colon when she travels
there to attend a ceremony mark-
ing the opening of a development
named in honor of her late
Tonight at 7:30, the public is
invited to attend an official func-
tion at the ATLAPA Convention
Center at which Mrs. King will
accept from President Royo a
posthumous award being granted
to Dr. King for his unrelenting
efforts to help minority and ethnic
Mrs. King, founding president
and chief executive officer of The
Martin Luther King Jr. Center for
Nonviolent Social Change, has
been active in the Civil Rights
Movement since the early 1950's.
Prior to Dr. King's death in 1969,
she worked with him, occasionally
substituting for him as a speaker
and frequently appearing as an
invited speaker or singer before
peace groups in the United States
and abroad. Since 1969. she has
taken a leadership role in carrying
out work planned by Dr. King and

With the crack of a bottle and
the spray of champagne, Kathleen
McAuliffe, wife of Panama Canal
Commission Administrator D. P.
McAuliffe. christened the Anis-
tad, the newest addition to the
Canal's towboat fleet in Gamboa
last Wednesday.,
The Amistad is the third of three
tugs designed and built for the
Corrmission by Bollinger Machine
Shop and Shipyard Inc. of Lock-
port La., and over 30 representa-
tives and guests of the company
traveled to the Isthmus to attend
the acceptance and christening
ceremony last week.
After a few lighthearted opening
remarks by Marc Stanley, Bol-
linger's Vice President for New
Construction, Fred A. Cotton,
General Services Director for the
Commission, and Donald "Boysie"
Bollinger, Executive Vice Pres-
ident, signed the acceptance doc-
uments for the tug. In exchange for

2K:, . .
" ..Z ,,

- - -
Photo by R.W. Benninghoff
From left, Financial Planning Division Chief Myron Schroeder, Chief Financial Officer Walter D. Bjorseth, and
Panama's newly-appointed Board of Directors member Philip Dean Butcher consider future funding at a
Budget and Finance Committee Meeting on Tuesday, July 13, at the Commission's Administration Building in
Balboa Heights.

adding innovations of more recent
Mrs. King has represented the
peace movement in five continents
and is on the governing board of
numerous related organizations. A
graduate of Antioch College in
Yellow Springs, Ohio, and the
New England Conservatory of
Music in Boston, Mass., she holds
honorary doctorates from 17 well-
known colleges and universities
throughout the United States.

Coretta Scott King

the "key" to the new boat, Mr.
Cotton handed Mr. Bollinger a
final payment check.
Mr. Cotton praised the Bol-
linger company for their contract
performance, noting that all three
tugs had been delivered ahead of
schedule, the Amistad being I1
weeks early. He also commented:
on the excellent condition in which
all three tugs had been delivered.
saying that all three were accepted
without exception in meeting
contract specifications. Consider-
ing that it sometimes takes about 2
weeks of servicing a new tug before
it is ready to begin work on the
Canal, it is a real bonus to receive
boats that are "ready to go"
immediately upon arrival.
When the Administrator was
given the key, he said that if the
Amistad is anything like the earlier
Bollinger tugs, it will be "a fine
boat." He congratulated all those
involved in the contract for the
smooth and efficient manner in
which it was handled and com-
mended the General Services and
Marine bureaus in particular for
their excellent teamwork in this
project. Capt. George T. Hull,
Marine Director, then accepted
the key on behalf of the Marine
Bureau, expressing his satisfaction
by remarking, "I only wish that
there was a fourth tug on the way!"
Other officials participating in
the ceremony were General Man-
ager George Bollinger;. Depuly
Administrator Fernando Man-
fredo Jr., and Ronald Robertson,
who spent 2 years in Louisiana as
the Contracting Officer's Repre-
sentative. The Alianza and the
Progreso, the two sister tugs

(Continued on page 4)

Wet July night welcomes new locomotives

"Raining cats and dogs" is a
phrase often used to describe a
heavy downpour. However, on the
night of July 3, it was also raining
"mules." as three new towing
locomotives were swung by a
heavy-lift boom from the MS
Stellaprima to the east wingwall of
Gatun Locks.
The delivery completes the
Commission's recent purchase of
10 locomotives, 4 having arrived in
December 1981 and 3 in March
1982. Bringing to 75 the total
number of "mules" manufactured
since 1962 for the Panama Canal
by the Mitsubishi Corp., the latest
arrivals will join the unique force
of locomotives used to guide ships
through the locks.
Beginning at 5 p.m., the off-
loading task lasted for approxi-
mately 8 hours, during which time
one lane of the locks was closed
and relay operations were con-
ducted in the other. According to
Robert Rankin. mechanical super-
visor at Gatun Locks, the removal
of the locomotives was com-
plicated by the presence of pon-
toons blocking the aft hatch on the

deck of the ship. These pontoons
had to be floated in the Canal while
one of the locomotives was brought
up through the hatch. The other

Getting off on the
right track, one of
the three new
Panama Canal
locomotives is
lowered onto the
wingwall of Gatun
Locks by the MS
heavy-lift boom.

Photo by
Don Goode

two locomotives were located in
the forward section of the ship.
The locomotives, each weighing
(Continued on page 4)




Page 2

Seminar to cover rights
of women and the family
The Business and Professional
Women's Club of Panama is
sponsoring a seminar by Dr. Aura
Feraud on "Fundamental Aspects
of the Rights of Women and the
Family," from 8 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
on Saturday, July 31, at the
Marriot Hotel in Panama City.
Subjects to be covered include
matrimony, children, economic
policy, divorce, aspects of labor
laws that affect family life, and
social security regulations. The
seminar will be conducted in
Spanish, at a cost of $30 per person
and $50 per- couple. Reservations
must be made by July 27 by calling
23-8 104 or 69-5 195.

The American Society
sponsors CPR course
The American Society of the
Republic of Panama is sponsoring
a course in Cardio-Pulmonary
Resuscitation (CPR). Taught in
English by qualified American
Red Cross instructors, the course
will take place from 6 o 10 p.m. onf
the evenings of Tuesday, July 27,
and Thursday, July 29, at the U.S.
CPR is a method developed by
the Red Cross to provide emer-
gency aid to heart attack victims
and others who have fallen un-
on scious. It fas proven 'tboie'veri
effective in stabilizing victinis and
therefore improving their chances
for full recovery under hospital
care. The CPR course, which
utilizes manikins to electronically
measure the students' perform-
ance, is also applicable to victims
of chokingand windpipe blockage,
b~91ey ba'bies, small children or
The course will be limited to 16
participants, and a nominal fee will
be charged to cover operating
costs. Those interested should
contact the American Society at
23-8061 as soon as possible.

"Legiongram" readers'
addresses sought
Members of American Legion
Post 1 who desire to receive the
Legiongram should notify Sfc.
Dave Mclntyre of their current
addresses by writing to him at PSC
Box 2524, Fort Clayton, Republic
of Panama.
Because many copies of the
publication are being returned
undelivered, the Post Adjutant will
not send any more issues to local
members until receiving a notifica-
tion of current address. Stateside
members have until October 1982
to respond.
Ballet performance
The Panama National Ballet
will perform at 7 p.m. on Thurs-
day, August 19, at the Valent
Recreation Center. The perform-
ance is free-of-charge and open to
the public. Call 87-6500 or 87-4201
for more details.


Contadora tour
Spaces are still available for
those interested in joining the
Valent Recreation Center tour to
Contadora Island.
The group will leave the center
at 6:45 a.m. on Saturday, July 31,
and return from the island at 5:30
p.m. on August 1. The price of the
excursion will cover airfare and
cabafia accommodations and will
vary depending on whether double
or single occupancy is desired.
Call 87-4201 or 87-6500 for
more information.
Fat fighters
Persons interested in taking off
weight and keeping it off are
invited to sign up with the Fat
Fighters' Organization. A new, 3-
month course is about to begin,
with meetings every Tuesday from
4:30 until 5:30 p.m. at the USO-J
on La Boca Road in Balboa. The
cost of the course is $15.

Tennis tournament
Get out and raise a racket-get
ready for the Third Annual Open
Tennis Tournament sponsored by
the Recreation Services Branch.
Running from July 31 through
August 8, the tournament will
feature class "A" and "B" com-
petition for both men and women.
All games will be at the Diablo
tennis courts.
Registration is open through 9
p.m. on July 26 or until the
maximum number of participants
in each class have signed up.
Priority will be given to Panama
Canal Commission employees and
To sign up, call Rogelio O.
Spencer on weekdays from 8 a.m.
to 4 p.m. at 52-7967 or 52-3634 or
Javier P6rez at 52-2903 from 4 to 9
p.m. on weekdays or from 8 a.m. to
2 p.m. on Saturdays. For more
information, call Mr. Spencer.

Walking tour
The Rev. Walter K. Reitz will
lead a walking tour through the
San Felipe area of Panama City on
Saturday, July 24. The Church of
the Golden Altar, the Presidential
Palace, the National Theater and
the French circle on the waterfront
are among the historical sites that
will be visited. Buses will depart
from the Valent Recreation Center
at 9 a.m. and interested persons
should register there in advance.
Call 87-6500 or 87-4201 for more
St. Luke's Cathedral
rummage sale
The St. Luke's Cathedral in
Ancon will hold a rummage sale
from 7:30 a.m. until noon on
Saturday, July 17, in the rotunda
behind the church. Electrical ap-
pliances, books, games, and cloth-
ing are among the many items that
will be available.

The above photo, taken by Emilie Daniel during a fishing trip in the Pifias the display of photos taken by Kaye Richey's spring semester Panama
Bay, is one of many on exhibit in the display cases maintained by the Canal College Basic Photography class, the exhibit alsofeatures stained
Commission library. Located on the ground floor of the DNTT glass creations by Terry Knight-Koutz and the artwork of Robert J.
headquarters (the former Civil Affairs Building), the exhibit is open to the Duguid.
public through this month during normal operating hours. In addition to

Final YMCA day camp
The Balboa Armed Services
YMCA reminds parents that there
is only one more summer day camp
scheduled this year. "Animal Fun"
begins on July 19 for all children
ages 4 to 10. Regular activities
include arts and crafts, gym
playtime, swimming lessons, a
mini-Olympics, a parents'day, and
a special trip to Summit Gardens.
The camp will meet from 9 a.m. to
noon on weekdays. For more
information, call the Y at 52-2839
or 52-2759.

News for "Canal Record"
The "Canal Record," a publica-
tion of The Panama Canal Society
of Florida, Inc., is seeking news
on Canal area births, deaths,
weddings, graduations, vacations,
parties, or other related events for
use in the publication. - - :
Anyone with information on
these or other subjects of interest
should write to the area reporter.
Ann Wood Suescum. Box 387.
Albrook AFS. Republic of Pan-
ama (APO Miami 34002) or call
her at 52-3963.

Photo by Bobby Roberts
It pays well to play well, as these Gold Coast tennis wizards discover after making a good showing in last
month's open tournament. From left are Robert Herbert, mixed-doubles winner; his partner Jennifer Dixon,
who also took the women's championship; Baltazar Quir6z, winner of class "A"; Oswaldo Berrocal, class "A"
runner-up; behind him, Youth Activities Supervisor Julio Sinclair; Hunley Dunn, class "B" runner-up; Victor
Edwards, class "B" champ; and Bobby Roberts, Gatun Gym supervisor. Others who fared well were Kenneth
Griffith and Xiomara Diaz, mixed-doubles runners-up, and Nina DeTore, women's runner-up.

Surfside production
This weekend is the last chance
to catch "Egad, What a Cad! " a
Surfside production featuring a
number of budding young actors,
all between the ages of 7 and 14.
Directed by Wisia Kaliszczak,
the play is patterned after the
melodramas of the .1890's; with a
hero, a villain and a beautiful
heroine. Cancan girls and olio acts
will also add to the excitement..
Performances will be at 8 p.m.
tonight, tomorrow, and Sunday,
and a special matinee will be given
at 2 p.m. on Sunday. The price of
admission is S1.50.
Reservations should be made at
the Valent Recreation Center. Call
87-4201 during working hours for
more information.

Get into some fast-paced dance
exercise at the Valent Recreation
Center. Professional dancer Sandy
Speight will be offering classes in
jazzergetics at 4:30 p.m. on Tuesdays
and Thursdays. The 6-week course
begins on July 27. Register at the
center in advance.

Hawaiian dance
Get some exercise, learn some
history and have a great time in the
Valent Recreation Center's Ha-
waiian dance class. Meeting at 7 each
Monday evening, the 6-week course
will begin on July 19.
Helen Schlapak. who has taught
Hawaiian dance professionally for
20 years and has conducted many
dance workshops and lessons, will
instruct the course. She plans to
incorporate the history of Hawaiian
dancing into the instruction.
Register at the center in advance
or call 87-6500 for more in-

Mcllvaine retirement
After 31 years of service with the
Canal organization, Edwin C.
Mcllvaine. Assistant Chief of the
Agents Accounts Branch, will
retire on July 24. A retirement
party at the Quarry Heights
Officers' Club is planned for
Friday. July 23. Happy hour
begins at 4:30 p.m. with music and
a pay-as-you-go bar, followed by
dinner. For more information, call
Meriiee Mora at 52-3453.

Sumi-e painting
Hide Drew. an accomplished
local artist, will teach the tech-
nique of Sumi-e painting in a 4-
week Valent Recreation Center
class beginning on July, 28 -and
running through August 18. The
class will meet at 6:30 p.m. on
Wednesday evenings at the center,
and students should register there
in advance. For more information
call 87-6500 or 87-4201.

Conversational Spanish
Although classes began on July
12, registration is still open at the
Balboa YMCA reception desk for
beginner and intermediate classes
in conversational Spanish. Both
daytime and evening sessions are
being offered, with all classes
meeting for 10 weeks.
Daytime classes feature "house-
hold" Spanish and will be in-
structed by Professor Ruben Cas-
tillo, who appears daily on SCN's
"A Little Language." These classes
meet on Tuesday and Thursday
mornings, with beginners at 8:30
and intermediates at 10. The
evening classes are on Mondays
and Wednesdays, with beginners
at 6 and intermediates at 7:30.
For more information, call the
YMCA at 52-2839 or 52-2759.

July 16, 1982

�; -:I:;1 r�:!j�: ��.�.:i-.�; ���I ;��i�i-� �;�~

July 16. 1982


Mother Nature gets a

charge out of lightning

by Barbara Miller

"Everybody talks about the
weather, but nobody does any-
thing about it," philosophized the
nineteenth-century editor of a New
England newspaper. He was right,
but only partially.

The designers of the Panama
Canal, for example, couldn't
change the weather, but they
certainly took advantage of the
area's meteorology when they
counted on rainfall to replenish the
waterway. The Canal, requiring
about 52 million gallons of water
to transit a single ship, laps up the
water dumped into Panama's lakes
and rivers by tropical rainstorms.
Some of these storms are
accompanied by lightning, a phe-
nomenon that has inspired awe in
man and underscored his vul-
nerability since primitive times,
when it was thought to have the
power of gods. Man began to have
a better understanding of lightning
once the electrical nature of
thunderstorms was, determined..
This discovery has been attributed
both to Benjamin Franklin, whose
kite and key experiment in 1746 is
part of U.S. history, and to
Mikhail V. Lomonosov, a Russian
experimenter of the same era.
However, some aspects of thun-
derstorms still remain either un-
explained or a matter of scientific
dispute in today's modern times.
At least 1,800 thunderstorms are
occurring somewhere in the world
at any given moment. Scientists
believe thunderstorms become dif-
ferentiated from regular rain-
storms by virtue of their cloud
formation. Air is warmed as it
hovers close to the earth's surface,
the temperature varying from spot
to spot depending on the color and
texture of the ground beneath. The
warmest air rises and comes into
contact with cooler air above,
causing the moisture contained in
the warm air to condense and form
clouds. Though it is not certain�
why this occurs, if the clouds
contain a great deal of turbulence
and develop vertically, electrical
charges group together within
them, negative charges con-
gregating around the base and

positive charges near the top. Such
clouds, called "thunderheads,"can
reach heights of 60,000 feet and
have internal winds of more than
60 miles per hour.
A substantial accumulation of
static electricity in thunderheads
results in an electrical current
jumping from one type of charge to
the other in an attempt to restore
balance. Most of this activity
occurs up in the skies, with current
flowing from one cloud to another.
Despite the fact that air is a poor
conductor of electricity, some
charges do head toward the earth.
A "leader" breaks through the air's
natural resistance, followed by
more charges, and the current then
cascades toward the 100-
to 300-foot leaps. After reaching
its objective, the current attempts
to retrace its steps in a series of
"return strokes," resulting in the
flash of light we call lightning.

Lightning causes the surround-
ing air to heat to approximately
50,000�F, and the resultant ex-
pansion of air produces the sound
of thunder. Because light and
sound travel at different speeds,
the lightning flash is seen before
the thunder can be heard, each 5
seconds of delay representing I
mile of the lightning's distance.
Static electricity in the at-
mosphere can also result in a
buildup of charges around certain
objects, imbuing them with an
eerie glow. "St. Elmo's Fire," as
this is called, is a low current
discharge and has often been
observed on the wings of airplanes.
Frank Robinson, Supervisory
Hydrologist in the Engineering
Division, reports that many years

The above photo, taken from Taboga Island by Panama City
businessman Landis Major, catches last Wednesday's whirling
waterspout in action.

* .. .,

. 0

10 um

Like a fireworks display, lightning cascades from dark skies over the Panama Canal.

ago the Candelaria Meteorological
Station was sometimes seen out-
lined by this "blue lightning." He
speculates that this no longer
occurs because of environmental
changes near the station.
Panama has from 100 to 140
thunderstorms annually, many of
them severe. However, according
to R. M. Brunson, the Engineering
and Construction Bureau's Safety
Officer, the operation of the Canal
has never been adversely affected
by lightning. To his knowledge,
none of the equipment vital to the
Canal's functioning has ever re-
ceived a direct hit, and even if such
a hit were received, extensive
preventive measures built into the
system would protect it.
The electrical system for the
locks includes protective devices
which reduce the risk of lightning-
related damage, and there are
back-up diesel generators in the
event a transformer is made
inoperable by lightning or by any
other cause. For further protec-
tion, Panama's Hydraulic Re-
sources and Electrification In-
stitute (IRHE) and the Canal area
have interconnecting breakers to
assist each other's electrical needs.
Lightning arresters are present on
all vulnerable structures along the
Canal route, such as the Cristobal
Harbor Control Center, the ex-
plosive bunkers at Gamboa, and

all the control houses. I

Mr. Brunson points out that
general safety courses for Canal
employees.- include lectures and
films about precautions to take
during thunderstorms, and em-
ployees who handle fuels and other
flammable materials.are trained in
bonding and grounding tech-
niques. Employees also learn to be
aware of static buildup, noticeable
in clothing, which frequently oc-
curs at the onset of a thunderstorm
and which can alert them to take
shelter.. Surprisingly, ships are
perfect safe havens during thun-.
derstorms because they are
grounded by their steel structures.

Lightning can be a very destruc-
tive force, both by directly striking
something or someone and by
causing fires and explosions. Yet,
it also serves a positive function. In
addition to maintaining the elec-
trical balance in the atmosphere,
lightning causes oxygen to change
to ozone, which is needed to
protect the earth from the sun's
ultraviolet rays. Furthermore, it
causes oxygen to combine with
nitrogen, which is required by
plants and animals but which
cannot be absorbed in its pure
state. If lightning's electrical
energy could be harnessed, its
value to man would be in-

Rare waterspout stirs up

plenty of local excitement

by Jennifer Jones
Like lightning, tornadoes are a
meteorological phenomenon gen-
erally associated with thunder-
storms. In fact, the word "tor-
nado" is derived from the Spanish
word "tronada," or thunderstorm.
The tornado has even been de-
scribed as "the most destructive
child of the thunderstorm," killing
an average of 100 people and
causing hundreds of millions of
dollars in property damage yearly
in the United States alone.
Waterspouts are normally the
result of a tornado occurring over
water, but are usually considerably
less severe than their counterparts
on land. They are most common in
tropical or subtropical waters, but
for reasons which are not com-
pletely understood, neither water-
spouts nor tornadoes are common

in Panama. For this reason, a lot of
local excitement has arisen over a
waterspout which developed in the
Panama Bay last Wednesday.
Several witnesses reported seeing
the waterspout, and the general
consensus is that it started about a
mile off the West Bank coast near
Farfan and traveled towards Ta-
boga Island before dissipating
about 20 to 30 minutes later. The
Marine Traffic Control Center
monitored the spout, and watch
supervisor Paul Dooley reported
that it did not in any way impede
Canal traffic. Balboa Port Captain
John Farmer also observed it, and
he said it did not even cross the
Canal channel, although it initially
appeared that it might.
The majority of those who
witnessed the spout described it as
(Continmted on page 4)

Fast as lightning! Quick as a
flash! Everyone knows that you
can't get much faster than that.
But not everyone knows that a
flash of lightning is an electrical
current traveling some 20,000
miles per second or that a
typical bolt carries a whopping
10 million to 100 million volts
of electrical energy.
In the face of such power,
man alone is defenseless. Over
the past 20 years in the United
States, for instance, 2,210 peo-
ple have been killed by light-
ning. To protect yourself
during a thunderstorm, it is
recommended that you. try to
do the following, in descending
order of preference:
* Find shelter in a building,
hard-top car, or ship
* Get under a ledge
* Go into a grove of trees and
crouch at least 6 feet away
from the nearest tree
* Find a ditch or depression
and crouch low, minimizing
bodily contact with the
* Swim
* Stay on the beach
* Stay in a boat constructed of
wood, plastic, or glass
* Stay in an open field
* Stand near a wire fence
* Stand under a lone tree
* Lie flat on the ground
** Huddle with other people
(keep a distance of at least 6
* Touch water pipes, power
and telephone lines, or elec-
trical equipment
* Use the telephone except in
an emergency
Remember that lightning
strikes the tallest conducting
objects, and contrary to the
myth, it can and will strike in
the same place more than once.
If people are hit by lightning,
they carry no electrical current
and can be handled without
fear. Victims who show no vital
signs can often be revived by
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
and cardiac massage, while
those who do show good vital
signs will usually recover spon-
taneously. Persons interested in
learning Cardio-Pulmonary Re-
suscitation (CPR) can arrange
for training by contacting any
Commission Safety Officer.

Page 3


" pa~

July 16, 1982



Position Vacancy Li

New ,wage
system base
Clerk-Typist, LN-3 A
(Part-Time NTE 30 hours per
week) ........ ......... $6,718.40
Labor Relations Specialist,
LN-9/12.......... $13332.80/$22.276.80
Tractor Operator. LM-6 2
(Driver's license required)........ $3.36

Carpentry Worker, LM-7
(NTE 1-21-85) (Swimming
ability required) ................ $3.93
Painting Worker, LM-7
(NTE 4 months)............. $3.93


Ind. Rel.
San. & Grs. Mgmt.



Locomotives (Continued from page 1)


Lo- Va-
io?, cit,,

A 2


P 1

How to Apply: Applications must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch, Building 366, Ancon, or Building 1105, Cristobal, on Form
443, APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER, no later than seven (7) days from the
date of this publication. Qualification Standards may be reviewed at the Library-
Museum. Further information may be obtained from the Employment and
Placement Branch, telephone 52-3583, 52-7996 or 46-7219.
Status Applicants: Applications from status applicants will be considered
only if there are no applicants on the Reemployment Priority List.
Handicapped Applicants: Handicapped individuals may call or visit Sofia
Chu at the Employment and Placement Branch for counseling with regard to
applying forany of the above-listed vacancies. The office is located in Building 366,
Ancon. telephone 52-7867.
Repromotion Consideratior: Employees downgraded as a result of RIF
will be given automatic priority consideration for repromotion to the permanent
vacancies listed above for which they qualify. As a double check, however.
employees who believe they are entitled to such priority consideration should
apply for vacancies in which they are interested and indicate on the application
form that they were demoted in.RIF. Consideration of candidates for repromotion
will precede efforts to fill the position by competitive procedures.
Equal Employment Opportunity: All qualified applicants will receive
consideration for appointments without regard to race, religion, color, national
origin; sex, age, partisan political affiliation, handicapping condition or any other
non-rmerit factor: A separate application must be submitted for each job listed:

* The base salaries listed above are the entry salaries for employees hired locally for the first time after
October 7,1979. These salaries, except those identified as critical skill, will be adjusted to eitherthe Canal Area
Wage Base or the U.S. Wage Base, depending on the eligibility ofthe applicant selected. A tropical differential
will be added to the applicable wage bases of eligible U.S. citizens. A recruitment/retention incentive will be
added to the applicable base salaries of employees recruited from outside the Republic of Panama.
i Requires completion of a self-certification form attesting ability to type at a speed ofat least forty words
per minute (40 wpm).
2 The selected candidate will be required to obtain a U.S. Government Motor Vehicle Operator
I, i.i .'.:.- ' ",Card before personnel action is confirmed.

Telecommunications workshop set

The Panama Section of the
Institute of Electrical and Elec-
tronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE), will
be sponsoring its First Telecom-
inunications Workshop on Satur-
day, July' 17. The purpose of the
workshop is twofold: It will
provide an opportunity for people
in the telecommunications field to
exchange information, and it will
determine whether there is suf-
ficient interest to justify the
organization of similar events in
the future.
Membe's of IEE and any other
persons interested in telecom-
munications are invited to attend
the workshop, which is being given
free of charge. It will take place at
the Panama Canal Training Cen-
ter, located :cross from the Balboa
Train Station in Building 0600,

The workshop will consist of a
dozen seminars on a variety of
subjects related to telecommunica-
tions. According to Marco A.
Chen Jr., president of IEEE,the
seminars will be of interest to
telecommunications professionals,
technicians, students, and busi-
nessmen. Films on relevant topics
will be included in the presenta-
Following is the schedule of
seminars, from which prospective
participants may select those they
wish to attend. Unless otherwise
noted, the presentation will be in
Spanish. For further information,
call Ruben Worrell, 85-5505;
Henry Stec, 52-3402; Hernin
Acevedo, 52-8207; or Jose Do-
minguez, 64-3508.

8:00-General Meeting and Registration
9:00-"Pair Gain Systems" by Alex Atkinson (in English)
"Technological Changes in Panama's Communication Systems"
by Dante Salazar
10:00-"The Digital Telephone System" by Nils Pettersen
"Application of Multiplex Techniques to Telex" by Manuel
I 1:00-"Microprocessors in .Subscriber-Line Testing" by Francisco
Martinelli (in English)
"The Telephone Line: The Case of Panama" by Eduardo Sierra
12:00-Lunch (Films will be shown at this time)
1:00-"Amateur Radio Communication via Satellite" by Camilo
"The Data Communication System" by Carlos Rojas
2:00--"Coastal Radio Station" by Luis Locan
"Development of Telex and Data Transmittal Services by
INTEL" by Edilbrando Denis
3:00-"Traffic Surveillance Improvement with CCTV" by Carlos
Presentation by Frank Santomenno (Subject to be announced)
4:00-General Meeting and Closing

55 tons and costing over $1
million, were carefully lowered one
by one onto the tracks at the lock
wingwall. When describing this
"impressive" and painstaking pro-
cess, Mr. Rankin said the stainless
steel bodies of the locomotives
looked like "shiny new gifts" as
they dangled from the crane and
glistened in the rain.
Rolando Josephs, who has been
the Commission's resident project
engineer in Yokohama working
alongside engineers of the Mit-
subishi Corp. since 1980, stayed at
Gatun Locks until the early hours
of July 4 to see the "mules" safely
in place on the sidetrack. Mr.
Josephs explains that because they
were off-loaded with much of their
packing material still intact and
because they have not yet been
connected to the Canal's electrical
system, the new "mules" were
towed to the sidetrack by loco-

motives already in operation. He
says they will require about 3
weeks of servicing, both by the
Mitsubishi Guarantee. Engineer,
who will make last-minute adjust-
ments, and by Commission per-
sonnel, who will add such items as
the engine numbers and install
radios with Canal specifications.

Once operational, the new loco-
motives will be put to work,
enabling some "mules" of 1960's
vintage to enter a rehabilitation
program. Of the same basic design
as the older-models, the newest
locomotives have been modified to
include such technologically ad-
vanced features as a dry sump
lubrication system, which reduces
oil leakages onto the locks walls.
The latest acquisitions are part of
the Canal's ongoing process of
maintenance and service up-

Waterspouts (Continued from page 3)

an awesome and beautiful sight.
Commission launch operator Gra-
ciano Dawkins was out on the
water at the time, waiting to pick
up a pilot from a southbound
transit. He claims he watched the
spout with great interest, although
he admits that he was prepared to
get out of the area if it moved any
A number of other people were
on the water at the time, but
fortunately, no mishaps were
reported. However, a severe storm
that same day, described in a
number of local newspapers as a
"tornado," destroyed over 60
homes in the Chilibre area and
killed &two' motorists.
Even though waterspouts and
tornadoes are very rare here, it is a
good idea to know the warning
signs and the best course of action
should one occur. A "tornado
sky"-one with dark bags hanging
down from the cloud base-often

gives warning that a twister is in
the making. Time permitting,
when a tornado is expected it is
wise to shut off the electric power
and gas supply and to extinguish
any fires in a building. Seek shelter
in corners of the lowest floors. If
caught in the open without-avail-
able shelter, lie flat in a culvert or
ditch, hold onto a fixed object, and;
*use any means available to cover
yourself, especially at the head. It
is considered very dangerous to try
to escape a tornado in the city by
driving away from it, as high winds
and flying objects might cause a
fatal accident.
Waterspouts usually are gen-
Sertated unridare the,, ,afin nd o f
conditions as tornadoes, and
boaters should always be on the
lookout for signs of bad weather.
Safety specialist Irma Pasco urges
all boaters to get in the habit of
checking the weather before going
out and postponing the trip on
questionable days.

-- --.-
- .. " - , .- - * ." .'_ "� - '
Photo by Don Goode
The "Amistad" sprays forth a playful fountain of water from her fire
monitor after joining the Panama Canal towboat fleet.

The Panama Canal Spillway

Admtinistrator, Panama Canal Commission
Director of Public Affairs
Press Officer

Deputy Admtinistrator
Chiefof Public Informnation
Acting Editor

The SPILLWAY is an official Panama Canal publication. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the PANAMA CANAl SPIll. WAY as the source. News items should arrive in the
Press Office by noon. Thursday. the week prior io publication Only urgent, official material will be accepted
alter Ihe deadline Yearly subscriptions: regular mail S6: regular mail students 54: airmail S19. Send check or
money order payable to the Panama Canal Commission. to the Office of Public Affairs. APO Miami 34011.

Take note
* Pentagon Federal Credit
Union application forms are
available at the Ombudsman's
office, located in Building 37 in
Balboa. For information call
the Ombudsman's office at 52-
* A meeting of the Federally
Employed Women (FEW) for
the election of officers will be
held from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. on
Wednesday, July 21, at the
Panama Canal Commission
Training Center in Balboa
* The Margarita Elks Lodge
No. 1542 will hold a graveside
service for Howard J. Marks,
recently retired Commission
police officer, at 5 p.m. on
Monday, July 19, in the vet-
eran's section of the Corozal
* Effective July 16, 1982, tele-
phone numbers at Gorgas
Army Hospital will change
from Panama Canal Com-
mission numbers to military
numbers. Today's Southern
Command newspaper has a list
of the new numbers. For
further assistance call 85-6114.
* The Atlantic Area Music and
Theater Office will present an
afternoon of entertainment for
children, starting at 2 p.m. on
July 22 at the Fort Davis
Recreation Center, where
everyone will be welcomed to a
charming puppet show. There
will be refreshments, clowns
and free admission.
* The Coco Solo Shoppette is
now open. Stocked with small,
convenience items, the shop-
Spetteidocated aiiithpfirst floor'
of Building Q at Coco Solo, is
open from 2 to 7 p.m. Tuesday
through Friday, noon to 6 p.m.
on Saturday, noon to 5 p.m. on
Sunday, and closed on Mon-
day. The new shoppette is for
those who have purchasing
privileges at military facilities.


(Continued from page 1)

previously acquired from the Bol-
linger company, were also on
After it was christened, the
Amistad sounded off with its
powerful horn and joined its two
sister tugs in a graceful and
impressive demonstration of ma-
neuverability. A number of people
who attended the ceremony then
boarded the Amistad for a partial
transit of the Canal, the tug's first
assignment with the Commission.
Towboat master Larry Rowe, who
had also put the Alianza and the
Progreso into service, was at the
helm. Meanwhile, atop the pilot
house, Mr. Stanley of Bollinger
celebrated by turning on the fire
monitor, and many of the pas-
sengers received a slight shower as
a result.
Measuring 100 feet in length,
with a 30-foot beam and a 12-foot
draft, the Amistad is capable of
moving at a speed of up to 12.8
knots. The tug runs on two 12-
cylinder diesel engines with a total
horsepower rating of 3,000.
Equipped with twin screw pro-
pellers in Kort nozzles, it can pull
90,000 pounds ahead and 70,000
pounds astern. The Amistad will
be assigned initially to the South-
ern District of the Canal.

PaeP 4

A a rp , -T - - . .__________________ _ _ _____ . ----------- _--------------------------


Mds de 67 Anios al Servicio del Comercio Mundial

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 16 de Julio de 1982

Vol. XX, Nv 43



Nj '''

Coretta King es

hu sped de Panama

.Coretta, Scott King, yiuda del
difunto lfder de los derechos civiles
y ganador del Premio Nobel de la
Paz, Dr. Martin Luther King, lleg6
a Panama el mi6rcoles, 14 dejulio,
en compafiia de la profesora
Christine King Ferris, hermana del
Dr. King; Cirilo McSween, ex-
estrella panamefia de pista y
campo y en la actualidad promi-
nente comerciante de los Estados
Unidos. y Dolores Harman.
La Sra. King y sus acompafian-
tes son hu6spedes oficiales del
gobierno panamefio. Durante su
estadia en Panama la Sra. King se
entrevistara con el Presidente
Aristides Royo y la Sra. Raquel P.
de Torrijos, viuda del fallecido
Comandante de la Guardia Nacio-
nal de Panama General Omar
Torrijos H. Tambi6n se entrevista-
rd con funcionarios de Col6n
cuando visit aquella ciudad para
asistir a la ceremonia inaugural de
la barriada Martin Luther King.
Esta noche a las 7:30. el p6blico
esta invitado a un acto official en el
Centro de Convenciones ATLAPA.
durante cl cual la Sra. King
recibirA de manos del Presidente
Royo una Condecoraci6n p6stu-
ma que se le concede at Dr. King
por sus denodados esfuerzos en
favor de las minorias y de los
grupos 6tnicos.
La Sra. King, president funda-
dora y ejecutiva del Centro Martin
Luther King Jr. Para el Cambio
Social no Violento, ha estado
active en el movimiento de los
derechos civiles desde principios
de la d6cada de los '50. Antes de la
muerte del Dr. King en 1969
trabaj6 con 1l, a veces represen-
tandolo y apareciendo como ora-
dora invitada y cantante ante
grupos pacifistas en Estados Uni-
dos y otros paises. Desde 1969. ha
asumido la dirigencia en continuar
la labor concebida por el Dr. King,
afiadiendole nuevos elements.

"Amistad" se une a laflota de

remolcadores tras su bautizo

La Sra. Kathleen
McAuliffe, esposa del
Administrador de la
Comisi6n D. P. McAuliffe,
tambien se dio su rociada
al bautizar el nuevo
remolcador del Canal, la
"Amistad", con la botella
del espumoso champdn.
Junto a la Sra. McAuliffe
aparecen, de izquierda a
derecha, Donald "Boysie"
Bollinger, Vicepresidente
Ejecutivo de los Astilleros
Bollinger de Lockport,
Louisiana; el Gerente
General George Bollinger;
el Director de Servicios
Generates de la Comisidn
Fred A. Cotton; y el
Director de Marina
Capitan George T. Hull.

Foto por Don Goode

Generosa brot6 la champafia el
mi6rcoles ultimo en Gamboa cuan-
do la Sra. Kathleen McAuliffe,
esposa del Administrador de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama,
D. P. McAuliffe, quebr6 la tradi-
cional botella que indicaba el
bautizo del Amistad, la mas
reciente adici6n a la flota de
remolcadores del Canal.
El A mistad es el tercero de tres
remolcadores construidos para la
Comisi6n por la Bollinger Ma-
chine Shop and Shipyard Inc., de
Lockport; Luisiana. Unos 30 re-
presentantes e invitados especiales
de la compafiia viajaron especial-
mente al Istmo para asistir a la
ceremonia de aceptaci6n y bau-
Luego de algunas jocosas pala-
bias de presentaci6n pronunciadas
por Marc Stanley, Vicepresidente
para Nuevas Construcciones de la
Bollinger, el Director de Servicios
Generales de la Comisi6n, Fred A.
Cotton, y el Vice-Presidente Ejecu-
tivo de la Bollinger, Donald
"Boysie" Bollinger, firmaron los

r '

Foto por R. W. Benninghoff
El Jefe de la Divisi6n de Planificaci6n de Finanzas Myron Schroeder, a la izquierda, el Jefe de Finanzas Walter
D. Bjorseth, al centro, y el recidn designado miembro de la Junta Directiva Philip Dean Butcher, de Panamd,
discuten futures inversiones en el Canal durante la reunion celebrada el martes 13 de julio por el Comite de
Presupuesto y Finanzas de la Junta Directiva de la Comisi6n. La Directiva conclude hoy viernes su octavo
period de sesiones en el Edificio de Administraci6n, en Altos de Balboa.

La Sra. King represent al
Movimiento de la Paz en cinco
continents y pertenece a lasjuntas
directives de varias organizaciones
relacionadas. Graduada de la
Universidad de Antioquia, en
Yellow Springs, Ohio, y del
Conservatorio de M6sica de Nue-
va Inglaterra en Boston. ostenta
doctorados honorarios de 17 uni-
versidades de los Estados Unidos.

documents de aceptaci6n de la
lancha. A cambio de la "llave"de la
nueva lancha, el Sr. Cotton
entreg6 al Sr. Bollinger un cheque
cancelando el remolcador.
El Sr. Cotton elogi6 a los
astilleros Bollinger por su cumpli-
miento del contrato, sefialando
que los tres remolcadores habian
sido entregados antes del tiempo
estipulado. En el caso del A mistad,
la entrega se hizo con 11 semanas
de antelaci6n. Tambien alab6 las
excelentes condiciones en que han
sido entregadas las tres lanchas,
agregando que se habian cumplido
en todas sus parties las especifica-
ciones del contrato. Considerando
que a veces toma unas 2 semanas
para acondicionar una lancha
nueva antes de que comience a
trabajar en el Canal, represent
una ventaja recibir lanchas que
estan "listas para entrar en acci6n"
inmediatamente despu6s de recibi-
Cuando se le entreg6 la Ilave al
Administrador, 6ste dijo que si el
Amistad tiene alg6n parecido con
los otros dos remolcadores entre-
gados por la Bollinger, entonces
sera "una magnifica lancha". Feli-
cit6 a todas las personas involu-
cradas en el contratb por la manera
tan eficiente en que fue manejado y
elogi6 alas direcciones de Servi-
cios Generales y de Marina por su
excelente espiritu de equipo en este
proyecto. El Capitdn George T.
Hull, Director de Marina, luego
acept6 la Ilave a nombre de la
Direcci6n de Marina, expresando
su satisfacci6n al manifestar que
"solo desearia que estuviera una
cuarta lancha en camino".
Otros funcionarios que partici-
paron en la ceremonia fueron el
Gerente del astillero, George Bol-
linger: el Subadministrador de la
Comisi6n del Canal Fernando
Manfredo Jr., y Ronald Robert-
son, quien pas6 2 afios en l.uisiana
(C'onlinuna en la p)igina 4)

Locomotoras Ilegan en noche de Iluvia

L.a noche del 3 de julio fue una
ocasi6n de normal actividad en
las Esclusas de Gat6n. La raz6n:
tres nuevas mulas, o locomotoras
de remolque, eran desembarcadas
del buque Stellaprima sobreel area
oriental de las Esclusas de Gatin.
en medio de una fuerte lluvia.
Con la entrega de las tres mulas
se completaron las 10 locomotoras
de remolquc adquiridas reciente-
mente por la Comisi6n del Canal.
Cuatro de las mulas habian sido
entregadas en dicicmbre de 1981 y
otras tres lo habian sido en marzo
de 1982.

SAlf ,. - Las 10 nuevas mulas aumentan a
75 el n6mero de locomotoras de
remolque construidas para la
. - 4Comisi6n por empresas subsidia-
-- " rias de la Mitsubishi Corp. desde
1962. Ellas incrementarAn la capa-
cidad del Canal de guiar los barcos
en transito en forma segura a su
paso por las esclusas.
El desembarque se inici6 a las 5
p.m. y se extendi6 por aproxima-
damente 8 horas, period durante
el cual una de las dos vias de las
Lb Esclusas de GatOn fue cerrada,
.'. relevdndola en su funci6n la otra
Coretta Scott King Segin Robert Rankin, supervi-

sor de mechnica en las Esclusas de presencia de pontones que blo-
Gatin. el desembarque de las queaban el nicho de una de las
locomotoras se complic6 por la (Continia en la piina 4)

Una de las tres
recientemente en las
Esclusas de Gatun,
es levantada del
buque "Stellaprima"
por una grua para
ser colocada en el
lugar apropiado-los
rieles de las

Foto por Don Goode


Vol. XX, N 43


Julio 16, 1982

Obra de Surfside
Este fin de semana es la ultima
oportunidad para disfrutar de
"Egad, What a Cad!". una produc-
ci6n del Surfside Theater en que se
destacan various j6venes actors,
todos entire los 7 y los 14 afios de
Dirigida por Wisia Kalisczak.
la obra es una semblanza de los
melodramas de los afios 1890. con
un heroe. un villano v una heroina.
Los bailes de can-can v los
nimeros de variedades aiaden
interns al espectAculo. tandas se iniciarin esta
ooche v continuarin maiana y el
domingo a las 8 p.m. El domingo
se presentara un mutine especial a
las 2 de la tarde. El precio de
entrada es $1.50.
: .as reservaciones dcben haccrse
en el Centro Recreati\o Valent.
Para mayor informacion, lame al
S.7-4201 durante las horas !a-

Sociedad Americana
ofrece important curso
l.a Sociedad Americana de
Panama esta ofreciendo un curso
en la tecnica de la resucitacion
coronaria-pulmonar. El curso, que.
es dictaid ben ingles por instructo-
res' de la Cruz Roja Norteame-
ricana, se ofrecera de 6 a 10 p.m., el
martes, 27 dejulio, y eljueves 29 en
la Embajada norteamericana.
La t6cnica fue desarrollada por
la Cruz Roja para proporcionar
ayuda de emergencia a las victims
de ataques cardiacos y a otros que
han perdido el conocimiento. Ha
sidb rtfi'efeM iva'?n :la' e�abiliza-S
ci6n de personas afectadas y. por
consiguiente mejora su opci6n de
recuperaci6n complete bajo aten-
ci6n m6dica. El curso, en el que se
emplean maniquies para medir
electr6nicamente el desempefio de
los estudiantes. es aplicable a las.
victims de estrangulamiento y
bloquco de la traquea, ya sean
bebes, infanteso adultos....
El curso estari limitado a 16'
participants v se cobrara una
cuota nominal para cubrir los
gastos. Los interesados deben.
coimtinicarse con la Sociedad
Americana al telefono.23-8061 lo
mas pronto possible.

Program de ballet
El Ballet Nacional de Panama
ofrecerA una funci6n a las 7 p.m. el
jueves, 19 de agosto, en el Centro
Recreativo Valent. 1.a entrada sera
completamente gratis. Para mayo-
res detalles Ilame al 87-6500 o al
Con los lectores
del "Legiongram"
Aquellos miembros del Puesto I
de la Legi6n Americana que
descent recibir el Iegiongram de-
ben notificar su direcci6n actual
escribiendo al Sargento segundo
Dave Mclntyre al Apartado 2524,
Fuerte Clayton. Repiblica de
Debido a que muchos ejempla-
res del Legiongram estan siendo
devueltos. el Ayudante del Puesto
dejarA de enviar ejemplares a los
miembros locales hasta tanto no
reciba una notificaci6n de su,
direccion actual. Aquellos que
resident en Estados Unidos tienen
hasta octubre de 1982 para hacer la

Paseo a Contadora

Todavia hay cupo para aquellos
interesados en acompafar al Cen-
tro Recreativo Valent en una giraa
la Isla Contadora. Elgrupo partira
del Centro a las 6:45 a.m. el sabado
3 1 de julio, y regresara de la isla a
las 5:30 p.m. el I" de agosto. 1
precio dcl boleto incluira el pasaje
por avion y alojamiento. y \ariart
segin se ocupen cabafias doubles o
sencillas. Llame al 87-4201 o el 87-
6500 para mavores detalles.

en linea
Aquellas personas que deseen
perder peso y mantenerse "en
linea" estin invitadas a inscribirse
en la Organi/aci6n de Opuestos a
la Obesidad. Pronto se iniciara un
nuevo curso de 3 meses. con
sesiones todos los martes de 4:30 a
5:30 p.m., en la sede del Club USO-
J de la Calle La Boca en Balboa. El
curso cuesta $15.

Venta de articulos
usados en Anc6n
L.a Catedral de San l.ucas, en
Anc6n. tendri una venta de
articulos usados el sibado de 7:30
a.m. a mediodia en la rotonda
detrils de la iglesia. Sc ofrecerin a
la venta artefactos clectricos Ili-
bros. juegos y ropa. entire otros
Caminata por el
"Casco Viejo"
El Reverendo Walter K. Reit/
dirigira una caminata por el Area
de San Felipe en la ciudad de
PanamA el sabado 24 de julio. El
Altar de Oro de la Iglesia San Jose.
el Palacio Presidencial. el Teatro
Nacional v la Plaza de Francia.
figuran entire los sitios hist6ricos
que seran visitados. Los buses
partirin del Centro Recreativo
Valent a las 9 .a.m.. y los
interesados en participar deberin
inscribirse por adelantado. Para
mavores detalles. Lame al 87-6500
6 87-4201.

Espaiiol de uso diario

Aun cuando las classes se inicia-
ron el 12 de julio, todavia estan
abiertas las inscripciones para los
cursos de espaiiol de use diario en
los niveles de principiante e
intermedio en la recepci6n del
YMCA de Balboa. Se estan
dictando classes diurnas v noctur-
nas, con una duracion de 10
Las classes diurnas de espafol de
uso diario las dicta el professor
Ruben Castillo. quien aparece
diariamente en el program de
SCN-TV "A Little Language".
Estas classes se dictan los martes y
jueves por la mariana, comenzan-
do a las 8:30 a.m. para los
principiantes, y a las 10 a.m. para
los de nivel intermedio. Las classes
vespertinas se dictan los lunes y
miercoles. comenzando a las 6
p.m. para los principiantes, y a las
7:30 p.m. para el nivel intermedio.
Para mayor informaci6n, llame
al YMCA al 52-3839 o al 52-2759.

Esta foto, tomada por Emilie Daniel durante una gira de pesca en la Bahia fotos tomadas por alumnos del curso de principios de fotografia de Kaye
de Piias, forma parte de la exposici6n fotogrdfica que se present en la Richey de la Universidad del Canal de Panamd, la exhibici6n incluye
Biblioteca de la Comisi6n, situada en la plant baja del edificio de la creaciones en vidrio por Terry Knight-Koutz y obras de arte de Robert J.
Direcci6n Nacional de Transito Terrestre. La exposici6n estd abierta al Duguid.
public este mes durante las horas normales de operaci6n. Ademds de

Se jubila Mcllvaine

Despues de 31 afios de servicio
con la organization del Canal,
Edwin C. Mcllvaine, Asistente
Jefe del Ramo de Cuentas por
Cobrar y Pagar. se acogera a la
jubilaci6n el 24 de julio. Con tal
motivo, se ha programado una
fiesta en su honor el viernes 23 de
julio en el Club de Oficiales de
Quarry Heights. La hora feliz
comenzara a las 4:30 p.m.. ameni-
zada por mtsica. Para mayor
informaci6n, las personas intere-
sadas deben Ilamar a Merilee
Mora al teldfono 52-3453.

Se solicitan noticias
El "Canal Record", una publi-
caci6n de la Sociedad del Canal de
PanamA de Florida, Inc., esti
solicitando noticias de nacimien-
tos. defunciones, matrimonios.
graduaciones. vacaciones, fiestas y
otras actividades similares, para
ser incorporadas en la publicaci6n.
Quien tenga information sobre
cstos v otros temas de interest
puede escribir a la corresponsal'del
irea. Ann Wood Subscum. al
Apartado 387, Estaci6n Albrook
de la Fuerza Aerea, Republica de
Panamni (APO Miami 34002), o
Ilamarla al 52-3963.

S . . . . .' '. " ' -- . " ,
'~~ /
.-.. .:.. . . . .- . .-.. . - - .

t.. .-

- 3,'rn",

A_- ili A ae.i -- . ._ -..A Z A
Foto por Bobby Roberts
Vale la pena jugar bien como to han podido comprobar estos ases del tenis de la Costa Atldntica despues de
una actuaci6n lucida en el torneo abierto del mes pasado. De izquierda: Robert Herbert, ganador de los doubles
mixtos; su compaiera Jennifer Dixon, quidn tambien gan6 el campeonatofemenino; Baltazar Quir6z, ganador
de clase "A"; Oswaldo Berrocal, segundo puesto, close "A"; detrds de Berrocal se encuentra Julio Sinclair,
Supervisor de Actividades Juveniles; Hunley Dunn, segundo puesto, close "B"; VictorEdwards, campe6n close
"B"; y Bobby Roberts, supervisor delgimnasio de Gatun. Otros quelucieronfueron Kenneth Griffithy Xiomara
Diaz, segundo puesto, doubles mixtos, y Nina DeTore, segundo puesto en la categoria femenina.

Seminario sobre
derechos de la mujer
y la familiar
El Club de Mujeres de Negocios
y Profesionales de PanamA ofrece-
rd un seminario sobre "Aspectos
Fundamentales del Derecho de la
Mujer y la Familia", de 8 a.m. a
12:30 p.m.. el sabado 31 dejulio en
el Hotel Marriott:de la ciidad de
Panama. La expositora sera. la
Dra. Aura Feraud, cuya diserta-
ci6n cubrira el matrimonio. los
hijos, regimen economic, divor-
cio. aspects laborales que incident
en la familiar y aspects de la
seguridad social de interns para la
La cuota de instripci6n sera de
$30 por persona y $50 por
matrimonio. La asistencia debe ser
confirmada antes del 27 dejulio a
los telefonos 23-8104 y 69-5195.

Pintura Sumi-e
La destacada artist local Hide
Drew ensefarA la tecnica Sumi-e
de pintar en un curso de 4 semanas
de duraci6n. que dictarA en el
Centro Recreative Valent que se
extendera del 28 de julio al 18 de
agosto. Las classes se dictaran los
miercoles a las 6:30 p.m. en el
Centro, y los estudiantes deben
inscribirse con anticipaci6n. Para
mavor infoimaci6n Ilame al telC-
fono 87-6500 o al 87-4201.

Bailes hawaiianos
Ejercitese. aprenda algo de histo-
ria y diviertase con las classes de bailes
haswaiianos del Centro Recreati\o
Valent. sesioncs se reali/an todos
los lunes a las 7 p.m.. en un curso de 6
semanas que sc inicia el 19 de julio.
Helen Schlapak, quien ha side
instructor professional de hailes
hawaiinos durante 20 afios y que ha
dictado classes v dirigido muchos
talleres de bailey. sera quien dicte el
curso. Tiene pensado incorporar la
historic del bailc ha\iaiiano como
parte de las classes.
Inscribase desde ya cn el centro o
lIame al 87-6500 para mayor infor-

,:lfn;mrnm OUU, 1 eorinrrt ol *roT
Ultimo dia campestre
del YMCA de Balboa
El YMCA de los Servicios
Armados en Balboa recuerda a los
padres de familiar ques6lo falta por
celebrarse uno de los dias de
campo programados para este
aio. "Animal Fun" comicn/a el 19
de julio para nifis cntre los 4 y los
10 afios de edad.: .as acti\ idades
regularly. * eiC . ii.u artIesanias. jue-
gos de gitmnasio. classes de nata-
cion. nini-olimpiadas. "dia"de los
padress\ una gira especial al
Parque Nacional Soberania (anti-
guo sardiness Sunimiit). Fl campa-
mento se reunir desde las 9 a.m.
hasta mediodia en dias laborables.
Para mavor i nformnacion. Ilamte al
"Y" al 52-2939 6 52-2759.
Icdiqucsec al cjciccico ritrnico dlc
hailed ".l;//crgceics" cn cl ('entro
Rcrccti\ o Valcnt. IEl haillarin prole-
sional Sand\ Speight oficrcer closes
de ia//rgetica los martes y los jic\es
a partir de las 4:30 p.m. 11 curso. dec 6
semanas de duracion. comen/ar'A cl
27 de julio. Inscribase a tiempo cn el
Torneo de tenis
Preparese para participar en el
Tercer Torneo Anual Abierto de
Tenis patrocinado por el Ramo de
Servicios Recreativos. Empe/ando
el 31 de julio y hasta el 8 de agosto.
el torneo consistirti de competen-
cias en las categories "A" y "B"
para mujeres y hombres. Todos los
juegos seran en las canchas de
Las inscripciones estaran abier-
tas hasta el 26 dejulio alas 9 p.m. o
hasta que se haya inscrito el
nimero mAximo de participants.
Se le dara prioridad a los emplea-
dos de la Comisi6n del Canal de
PanamA y a sus dependientes.
Para inscribirse. Ilame a Rogelio
Spencer los dias de semana de 8
a.m. a 4 p.m. al 52-7967 o al 52-
3634: a .Javier Perez al 52-2903 de 4
a 9 p.m.. los dias de semana o de 8
a.m. a 2 p.m. los sibados. Para
inlormaci6n adicional Ilame al Sr.

Pagina 2

___1_ ~

Julio 16, 1982


La Madre Naturaleza recibe

cada descarga de los rayos

Por BBrbara Miller

"Todos hablan del tiempo. pero
nadie hace nada al respecto,
filosofaba en el siglo 19 el director
de un peri6dico de Nueva Inglate-
rra. Estaba en lo cierto, pero s61o
Los disefadores del Canal de
Panama, por ejemplo. no pudieron
cambiar el tiempo, pero ciertamen-
te se aprovecharon de las condi-
ciones meteorol6gicas del Area
para contar con el volume de
lluvia para surtir la via. El Canal,
que require unos 52 millones de
galones de agua para el trAnsito de
una sola nave, hace uso del agua
que las lluvias tropicales dejan caer
en los lagos y rios de Panama.

Algunas de estas tormentas
vienen acompafiadas de relAmpa-
gos, un fen6meno que ha inspirado
asombro en el hombre, y reducido
su vulnerabilidad desde los tiem-
pos primitives, cuando se le
atribuian poderes divinos. El hom-
bre comenz6 a comprender mejor
al relampago una vez que se
determine la naturaleza electrica
de las tormentas.
Este descubrimiento ha sido
atribuido tanto a Benjamin Fran-
klin, cuyo experiment de 1746 es
parte de la historic de Estados
Unidos, como a Mikhail V.
Lomonosov, un experimentador
ruso de la misma 6poca. Sin
embargo, algunos aspects de las
tormentas todavia permanecen,
bien inexplicados, o son tema de
debate cientifico en esta 6poca
Por lo menos 1,800 tormentas
ocurren en el mundo en 'un
moment dado. Los .cientificos
-estiman que las tormentas se
diferencian:de las Iluvias torrencia-
les en virtud de la formaci6n de las
nubes. El aire se calienta mientras
flota cerca de la superficie de la
tierra, en tanto que la temperature
varia de un lugar a otro dependien-
do del color y la textura de los
terrenos. El aire mas caliente se
eleva y entra en contact con aires
superiores mas frios, obligando a
la humedad..en:el aire caliente a
condensarse y a former nubes.
Aun cuando no se sabe a ciencia
cierta por qu6 sucede, si las nubes
contienen una gran cantidad de
turbulencia y se desarrollan verti-
calmente, las cargas electricas en
su interior se juntan, ubicandose
las cargas negatives cerca de la

base, y las positivas cerca de la
parte superior. Tales nubes, llama-
das "cabezas de tormentas", pue-
den alcanzar alturas de hasta
60,000 pies y provocar vientos
internos de mis de 60 millas por
Se produce una substantial
acumulaci6n de electricidad estAti-
ca en las cabezas de tormentas
cuando una corriente electrica
salta de un tipo de carga al otro en
su afin por restaurar el equilibrio.
Gran parte de esta actividad ocurre
a gran altura, trasladandose la
corriente de una nube a otra. A
pesar de que el aire es pobre
conductor de electricidad, algunas
cargas si se escapan hacia tierra.
Un "lider" se abre paso a trav6s de
la resistencia natural del aire,
seguido de otras cargas, y entonces
la corriente se lanza hacia la tierra
en saltos de 100 a 300 pies. Luego
de alcanzar su objetivo, la corrien-
te trata de reeditar su trayectoria
en una series de "rebotes regresivos"
que resultan en un haz de luz que
Ilamamos relimpago.

El relimpago hace -que el aire
que lo circunda se caliente a una
temperature aproximada de
50,000�F, y la expansion de aire
resultante produce el sonido del
-trueno. Debido a que la luz y el
sonido viajan a velocidades distin-
tas, la luz del relimpago se ve antes
de sentirse el sonido del trueno, en
que cada 5 segundos de retraso
representan I milla de la distancia
del relampago.
La electricidad estatica en la
atm6sfera tambi6n puede producer
una acumulaci6n de carga en
derredor de ciertos objetos, dAndo-
les una aureola sombria. "El Fuego
de San Elmo", como se le llama, es.
una descarga de corriente baja y
con frecuencia se le observa en las
alas de los aviones. Frank Robin-
son, Supervisor de Hidrologia de

|IrK..- fc

La foto superior, tomada desde la Isla de Taboga por el comerciante de la
ciudad de Panamd Landis Major, muestra la tromba marina que se
produjo el miercoles pasado.


Semejando fuegos artificiales, relimpagos se proyectan en el negro firmamento sobre el Canal de Panamd.

la Division de Ingenieria, informa
que hace muchos afios, la Estaci6n
Meteorol6gica de La Candelaria se
vio rodeada por este "relampago
azul". Piensa que ya no ocurre el
fen6meno debido a cambios am-
bientales cerca de la estaci6n.

En Panami se registran de 100 a
140 tormentas al afio, algunas de
ellas several. Sin embargo, segin
R. M. Brunson, official de seguri-
dad de la Direcci6n de Ingenieria y
Construcci6n, la operaci6n del
Canal nunca se ha visto seriamente
afectada por los rayos. Hasta
donde sabe, ningtn element del
equipo vital para el funcionamien-
to del Canal ha recibido impact
director alguno, y aun en el caso de
que asi sucediera, las extensas
medidas preventivas que se han
incorporado al sistema lo protege-

El sistema el6ctrico de las
esclusas incluye artefactos de
protecci6n que reduce el riesgo de
dafios atribuidos al rayo, y existen
generadores de emergencia de
diesel para el caso de que un
transformador quede' fuera de
servicio por raz6n de un relAmpa-
go i otra causa. Para mayor
protecci6n, el Instituto de Recur-
sos HidrAulicos y Electrificaci6n
(1RHE) y el Area del Canal
cuentan con interruptores automd-
ticos para.asistirse mutuamente en
sus necesidades el6ctricas. Existen
pararrayos en todas las estructuras
vulnerable a lo largo de la ruta del
Canal, como son el Centro de
Control de la Bahia de Crist6bal,

los polvorines de Gamboa y todos
los demAs centros de control.
El Sr. Brunson indica que los
cursos de seguridad general para
los empleados del Canal incluyen
charlas y proyecci6n de peliculas
sobre las precauciones que se
deben tomar durante las tormen-
tas, en tanto que a aquellos
empleados que manejan combus-
tible y otros materials inflamables
se les adiestra en t6cnicas de hacer
contact con'la tierra. Los emplea-
dos tambi6n aprenden a estar
alertas a la acumulaci6n de estatica
que les recubre sus vestimentas, lo
que frecuentemente ocurre antes
de una tormenta, y que les sirve de
aviso para que busquen d6nde
guarecerse. Increiblemente, las na-
ves son lugares seguros durante
una tormenta, porque su contact
con la tierra es precisamente su
estructura de acero.
El rayo puede ser una fuerza
muy destructive, ya sea que haga
impact en algo o eri alguien, o
provocando incendios y explosio-
nes. Sin embargo, cumple una
positive funci6n. Ademas de man-
tener el equilibrio elkctrico de la
atm6sfera, el rayo hace que el
oxigeno se transform en ozono,
que es necesario para proteger la
tierra de los rayos ultravioletas del
sol. Aun mejor, hace que el
oxigeno se combine con el nitr6ge-
no, element que necesitan las
plants y los animals, pero que no
puede ser absorbido en su estado
puro. Si la energia el6ctrica del
rayo pudiera aprovecharse, su
valor para el hombre seria indiscu-

Tromba marina fue causa de

curiosidad entire residents

Por Jennifer Jones
Igual que el relampago, los
tornados son un fen6meno meteo-
rol6gico generalmente asociado
con el termino espafiol "tronada",
que significa tempestad de truenos.
El tornado ha sido descrito inclu-
sive como el mas destructive de
los hijos de la tronada, cobrando
anualmente un promedio de 100
vidas humans, y causando dafios
a la propiedad por cientos de
millones de d6lares en los Estados
Unidos solamente.
Las trombas marinas son nor-
malmente el resultado de un
tornado que se produce sobre el
agua, pero son considerablemente
menos several que sus hom6logos
de tierra firme. Son mas comunes
en aguas tropicales o subtropica-
les. pero por razones que no se
entienden del todo, ni las trombas
marinas ni los tornados son
comunes en Panama. Por esta
raz6n, hubo gran curiosidad a
causa de una tromba marina que se
desarroll6 sobre la Bahia de
Panama el miercoles pasado.
Varias personas afirman haber
visto la tromba, y el consenso es

que se inici6 aproximadamente a
una milla de la orilla occidental del
Canal cerca de Farfan y viaj6 en
direcci6n de Taboga antes de
disiparse unos 20 6 30 minutes mis
tarde. El Centro de Control de
TrAfico Maritimo sigui6 el curso
de la tromba. y el supervisor de
turno Paul Dooley inform que no
impidi6 en manera alguna el
trafico por el Canal. El Capitan del
Puerto de Balboa John Farmer
tambi6n lo observe, y dijo que ni
siquiera cruz6 el cauce del Canal,
aun cuando inicialmente parecia
que asi iba a ser.
La mayoria de los que presen-
ciaron la tromba la describieron
como un bello espectaculo que
infundia temor. El operator de
lanchas de la Comisi6n Graciano
Dawkins estaba en alta mar en ese
moment, esperando a un piloto
que hacia un trAnsito en direcci6n
sur. Afirma que contempl6 la
tromba con gran interest, aunque
admite que estaba listo para salir
fuera del area si se acercaba mas.
Otras tantas personas estaban
en el agua cuando se dio el hecho,
pero afortunadamente no hubo
(Contintia en la pdgina 4)

iVelozcomoelrayo! iRApida
como un chispazo! Todos sabe-
mos que no se puede ser mis
veloz. Pero no todos sabemos
que un rayo es una corriente
electrica que se mueve a una
velocidad de 20,000 millas por
segundo o que una descarga
cualquiera tiene cantidad de 10
a 100 millones de voltios de
energia el6ctrica.
Ante tanta fuerza, el hombre
es indefenso. En los iltimos 20
afios en Estados Unidos, por
ejemplo, 2,210 personas han
muerto a causa de los rayos.
Para protegerse durante una
Iluvia con tronadas, se reco-
mienda tratar de seguir las
siguientes recomendaciones en
orden de importancia:

* Buscar albergue en un edifi-
cio, carro de techo duro o
* Colocarse debajo de un alero
* Meterse en'un bosquecillo y
4gacharse ,por.lo, .menos .a.
unos 6 pies del arbol mas
* Buscar una zanja u otra
depresi6n y agacharse, mini-
mizando el contacto-del cuer-
po con el suelo
* Nadar
* Quedarse en la playa
* Mantenerse en una embarca-
ci6n construida de madera,
plastico o vidrio
* Quedarse en un campo abier-
* Mantenerse cerca de un alam-
* Pararse bajo un Arbol-solita-
* Acostarse en el sueto
* Reunirse con otras personas
(mantenga una distancia de
por lo menos 6 pies)
* Tocar tuberias de agua, de
tel6fono o de electricidad
* Usar el tel6fono, except en
casos de emergencia.
Acuerdese que el rayo es
atraido por los objetos conduc-
tores mas altos y, contrario al
mito,' puede y chocara en el
mismo lugar mas de una vez. Si
una persona es afectada por un
rayo. no lleva corriente electri-
ca alguna en el cuerpo y puede
ser tocada sin temor. Las
victims de impacts de rayo
que no muestren signo vital
alguno por lo regular pueden
ser revividas por medio de la
resucitaci6n de boca a boca y
masajes cardiacos, mientras
que aquellos que muestran
signos vitales se restableceran
espontAneamente. Las perso-
nas interesadas en aprender la
tecnica de la Resucitaci6n
Cardio-Pulmonar (RPC) pue-
den hacer arreglos para el
entrenamiento poniendose en
comunicaci6n con cualquier
Official de Seguridad de la

Pagina 3



Julio 16, 1982


Lista de Posiciones


Salarih hare
dream de
Oficinista-Mecan6grafo(a), LN-3 I
(Tiempo parcial. maximo de 30 horas
semanales) .... . ............... $6.718.40
Especialista en Relaciones Laborales,
LN-9/12 ............ $13.332.80/$22.276.80
Operador de Tractores, LM-6 2
(Se require tener licencia de
conductor) ............... ... .. ...... . $3.36

Trabajador en Carpinteria, LM-7
(Hasta el 21 de enero de 1985)
(Se require saber nadar) ............. $3.93

Trabajador en Pintura, LM-7
(MAximo de 4 meses).................. 3.93

Iirer cii n

Almacenes .........
Rel. Indust.........

S. y M. Predios ....

Mantenimiento ....


C6mo Solicitar Empleo: Las solicitudes se recibirAn en el Ramo de
Colocaciones ubicado en el Edificio 366, Anc6n. o en el Edificio 1105. Crist6bal. L
se hari mediante el Formulario443, SOLICITUD DE TRASLADO, y deberi ser
el Ramo dentro de los pr6ximos site (7) dias calendarios posteriores a la fece
publicaci6n. Pueden verificarse los requisitos de los puestos en la Biblioteca y M
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Para mayor informaci6n lame al Ramo de
Colocaciones, telefonos 52-3583. 52-7996 6 46-7219.
Solicitantes on la categoria de Empleados de Carrera: Sola
considerarin las solicitudes de los empleados de carrera si no hay solicitantes en I
Reempleo Prioritario.
Solicitantes con Impedimentos Fisicos: Las personas id6neas con imp
fisicos que deseen asesoramiento sobre las vacantes arriba anunciadas pueden llam.
la oficina de Colocaciones y Empleo. La oficina. estA situada en el Edificio 366 de
tel6fono es 52-7867. (Srta. S. ChO).
Consideraci6n do Reascenso: Los empleados transferidos a grades inferio
de una media de reducci6n de personal recibirAn consideraci6n preferencial de
automiticamente a cualquiera de las vacantes permanentes que aparecen en esta I
las que resultaren id6neos. No obstante, y para mayor seguridad, los empleados qL
que tienen derecho a esta consideraci6n preferential deberAn solicitar las vacantes
tengan interns, y sefialaren su solicitud que se encuentran en un grado inferior con
una media de reducci6n de personal. El reascenso deestos empleados se consider
proceder a Ilenar la vacante mediante los procedimientos competitivos.
Igualdad de Oportunidades de Empleo: A todos los solicitantes id6n
consider Apara nombramiento sin distinci6n de raoa. religion, color, origen naci(
edad. piartidaiismo y afiliaci6n political. impediment fisico. o cualquier otro factor
de merito. Se debera Ilenar una solicitud por separado para cada una de lasvacan

* Los salarlos base que aparecen arriba son los salaries iniciales para aquellos empleados
jocalmente y por primera vez despues del 7 de octubre de 1979. Estos salaries, con excepci6n
identiflcados como de oficios critIcos, se ajuslarn de acuerdo con a Base de Sueldos del Area del
la Base de Sueldos de los Estados Unidos, segun Ia elegibilidad del solicilante seleccionado. Ut
tropical se afladira al salario base aplicable a los ciudadanos estadounidenses elegibles. Un i
contrataci6n y retenci6n se alladira a los salaries base aplicables a aquellos empleados contratad
Republica de Panami.
S El solicitante debera lenar un formulario que certifique que puede escribir a maquina a ur
minima de cuarenta palabras por minute (40 ppm).
'El candid oesqogidodeber. oblencrunaTarjeta de Identificaci6n para Conducir Vehiculos N
expedida por c( Gobierno de los Estados Unidos antes de que se confirm cualquier acci6n de

Seminario de telecomunicacic

Los estudiantes y profesionales
de las. telecomunicaciones y la
electr6nica esian cordialmente in-
vitados a'particiar en el Primer
Seminario de Teleco'municaciones
que se verificara el sabado 17 de
julio, desde las 8 de la mafiana
hasta las 4 de la tarde, bajo los
auspicios de la Secci6n de Panama
del Instituto de Ingenieros El6ctri-
cos y de Electr6nica (fEEE). El
event se desarrollari en el Centro
de Adiestramiento del Canal de
Panama, ubicado frente a la
Estaci6n del Ferrocarril en Bal-
El seminario consistira en la
presentaci6n de charlas sobre
diversos aspects de las telecomu-
nicaciones, dos de ellas en ingles y

el resto en espafiol. Tam
proyectaran peliculas s
SEntre los temas de las-
ciones figuran "Cambio de
logia en los Sistemas de C
caci6n en PanamA", "C
caci6n de Radioaficionac
Satelite", "Desarrollo del
de Telex y Transmisi6n du
del INTEL", y"El Hilo Tele
El caso de Panama".
Se puede obtener infor
mis detallada sobre el Telecomunic
Ilamando a los siguientes te
a las personas indicadas:
Worrell, 85-5505; Henry S
3402; HernAn Acevedo, 52-
Jos6 Dominguez, 64-3508.

8:00-Reuni6n General e Inscripci6n
9:00-"Sistemas de Ganancias de Pares Telef6nicos" por Alex Atkinson
"Cambio de Tecnologia en los Sistemas de Comunicaci6n en
Panama" por Dante Salazar
10:00-"Sistema de Tel6fono Digital" por Nils Pettersen
"Aplicaci6n de T6cnicas Multiplex a Telex" por ManuelTroitiflo
11:00-"El Microprocesor en Pruebas de Lineas de Suscriptores" por-
Francisco Martinelli
"El Hilo Telef6nico: El Caso de Panamd" por Eduardo Sierra
12:00-Almuerzo.(Se proyectarAn peliculas durante este period)
1:00-"Comunicaciones de Radioaficionados por Satelite" por Camilo
"Sistema de Cominicaci6n de Datos" por Carlos Rojas
2:00-"Estaci6n Costera" por Luis Locan
"Desarrollo deL Servicio de Telex y Transmisi6n de Datos del
INTEL" por Edilbrando Denis
3:00-"Sistema de Vigilancia de TrAfico por CCTV" por Carlos

Presentaci6n por Frank Santomenno
4:00-Reuni6n General y Clausura


mulas en la cubierta de popa de la
nave. Los pontones tuvieron que
ser colocados a flote en el Canal,
mientras una de las locomotoras
era sacada del nicho. Las otras dos
habian sido colocadas en la secci6n
anterior del barco.

Si- In"- Cada una de las locomotoras,
con un peso de 55 toneladas y un
costo de mAs de $1 mill6n, fue
P I bajada cuidadosamente hasta ser
S I colocada en los rieles. Al describir
el "impresionante" y esmerado
process, el Sr. Rankin dijo que las
A 2 locomotoras de acero inoxidable
parecian "brillantes regalos" cuan-
do eran levantadas por la gr6a y
emitian reflejos al ser bafiadas por
A I la pertinaz lluvia.
Rolando Josephs, ingeniero me-
canico quen se desempefi6 como
p I ingeniero resident del proyecto en
Yokohama trabajando al lado de
Empleo y los ingenieros de la Corporaci6n
esolicitud Mitsubishi desde 1980, permane-
recibida en
ha de esta ci6 en las Esclusas de Gat6n hasta
useode la tempranas horas del Cuatro de
Empleo y
Julio velando para que las mulas
imente se fueran colocadas sin problems en
la Lista de .
los rieles.
arovisitar El Sr. Josephs explica que,
Anc6n yel debido a que habian sido desem-
res acausa barcadas con gran parte del
reascenso material protector y a que no
ista y para habian sido conectadas al sistema
ue estimen
en las que
motivode Tornados (Vie:
rfi antes de
desgracias que lamentar. Sin em-
neos se les bargo, una several tormenta descri-
onal. sexo,.
quuenossea ta por los medios como un
ies de esta "tornado", destruy6 mAs de 60
viviendas en el area de Chilibre y
ontratados seg6 la vida a dos conductores de
de aquellis vehiculos.
[Canal ocon
Sdiferencial Aun cuando las trombas mari-
incentivo de nas y los tornados son raros aqui,
os fueradela l ",
es bueno conocer los signos de
a velocidad aviso y las acciones que se deben
Motori/ados tomar en case de que ocurran. Ur
e personal.
"cielo de tornado" es decir con.
bolsones oscuros que penden de
)nes una base de nubes suele ser el aviso
de que se esta formando un
torbellino. Si el tiempo lo permit,
nbien se es aconsejable desconectar la co-
obre la rriente el6ctrica y el suministro de
gas, y extinguir lo que haya
diserta- prendido, 'cuando se espera un
Tecno- tornado. Se debe buscar protec-
omuni- ci6n en las esquinas de las
-omuni- habitaciones en los pisos mas
dos por bajos. Si se es sorprendido en
e Datos

tec, 52-
-8207, o

_ _ . -, . _ ..

Foto por Don Goode
El remolcador "Amistad" lanza un chorro de agua desde su sistema
contra incendios en senialfestiva, al unirse a laflota de remolcadores del
Canal de Panamd.

Spillway del Canal de Panamad

Ardiniiiraldor de la Comi.nidn del Canal Subhahdmniistrador
Director Jefe thn
Oficinia te In/formacin In/ornnacidn Ptihlica
Relaciones. Puhlicas
Official ti Prenga o irectora Intrina
I Sl'li I WAY I una puthlLuciob n official dcl Canal de IP.tlnam; I i .tllliculos qiuc n cll.t aparecen putden -r
rcproductrdo s-n pedtr aultoit;aci6n. UinliLmentce .crditandtoal SPIl I W \Y I)I CANAl i IPANANMA cin ro la
Ilcne, I oda colahbora;icin dche star en la Olicin ie Pren 'rna nle dcl mced iodi del ijue\e anterior a n u plhlicaltcin.
Iks.pult d eta techaa ilto sc .leptlaiin nntitlri;lt toitc:le;\ de ulrgenrlcil SubhTr pciip in ;inllal' corrcn ordin.arm Stb. corrCo
(orinarlt , pm m l n e diaris $4: corric lcre, Sl 9. I inien c h elh quic ginl potnal I' .ni or. tind he iPannlma ( nal
(Ctomnmion y dirigido a: Olficna de Relacio. . Pt. licdlr e a, l (m IiPani ii.. AtO . Mii 140ill 11

(Viene de pigina 1)
como representante del Funciona-
rio Contratista de la Comisi6n. El
Alianza y el Progreso, los dos
remolcadores gemelos reciente-
mente adquiridos del astillero
Bollinger. tambien estuvieron pre-
Luego de bautizado, el A mistad
hizo sonar su potente sirena y se
uni6 a sus dos remolcadores
gemelos en una elegant e impre-
sionante demostraci6n de manio-
brabilidad. Algunas de las perso-
nas que asistieron a la ceremonia
abordaron luego el Amistad para
un trAnsito parcial del Canal, la
primera asignaci6n que cumplia
para la Comisi6n. Al tim6n estaba
Larry Rowe, el mismo que habia
puesto al Alianza y al Progreso en
servicio. Mientras tanto, sobre la
caseta del piloto, el Sr. Stanley del
astillero Bollinger celebraba po-
niendo a funcionar el sistema de
extinci6n de incendio, rociando de
paso a muchos de los pasajeros.
Con un largo de 100 pies, una
manga de 30, y un calado de 12
pies, el Amisiad es capaz de
desplazarse a una velocidad de
12.8 nudos. Lo impulsan dos
motors diesel de 12 cilindros, con
3,000 caballos de fuerza. Equipado
con toberas gemelas Kort, puede
tirar 90,000 libras en la proa, y
70,000 libras en la popa. El
Amistad ha sido asignado inicial-
mente al Distrito Sur del Canal.

Paiina 4

Locomotoras (Viene de pigina 1)

electrico del Canal, las nuevas
mulas fueron remolcadas hasta los
rieles por otras locomotoras en
funcionamiento. Dice que seran
necesarias unas 3 semanas de
servicio, tanto por el ingeniero de
la Mitsubishi responsible de pro-
porcionar servicios de garantia,
como por personal de la Comisi6n,
a fin de efectuar los iltimos ajustes
y ultimar otros detalles adicionales
como los n6meros de las maquinas
e instalar los radios de acuerdo con
las especificaciones del Canal.
Una vez se hallen listas, las
nuevas mulas entraran en funcio-
namiento, permitiendo asi que
otras locomotoras de la "cosecha"
de 1960 sean sometidas a un
process de reacondicionamiento.
Aunque su disefio corresponde a
los viejos models, las nuevas
locomotoras han sido modificadas
para afiadirle innovaciones tecno-
16gicas, como un sistema de
lubricaci6n, ,que reduce los
escapes de aceite en las paredes de
las esclusas.
Las nuevas adquisiciones for-
man parte del program perma-
nente de mantenimiento y mejoras
puesto en ejecuci6n por la Admi-
nistraci6n del Canal, a fin de
conservar la via acuatica en
6ptimas condiciones de funciona-

ne de pigina 3)
campo abierto sin protecci6n
disponible, la persona debe acos-
tarse dentro de una alcantarilla o
zanja, agarrarse de un objeto fijo. y
utilizar todos los medios posibles
para cubrirse, especialmente la
cabeza. Se consider muy peligro-
so tratar de escapar de un tornado
en un centro urban siguiendo la
march en.carro, ya que los fuertes
vientosy.los objetos despr-enddidoss.n
pueden provocar; un accident
Las trombas marinas se general
usualmente bajo las mismas condi-
ciones que los tornados, y los
mariners siempre- deben: star
alert detectando. sefiales de mal
tiempo. La especialista de seguri-
dad Irma Pascor comienda a.los
mariners acostumbrarse a verifi-
car el estado del tiempo antes de
hacerse a la mar o posponer el viaje
en dias dudosos.


* Los formularios de solicitud
para ingresar a la Cooperativa
Federal de Cr6dito del Penti-
gono estan disponibles en la
oficina del Mediador, ubicada
en el Edificio 37 en Balboa.
Para mayor informaci6n lame
a dicha oficina al tel6fono 52-.
* La sesi.6n para la elecci6n de
la nueva junta directive de las
Mujeres Empleadas Federales
(FEW) tendrA verificativo el
mi6rcoles 21 de julio, de 4:30 a
5:30 p.m. en el Centro de
Adiestramiento de la Comisi6n
del Canal de PanamA en Altos
de Balboa.
* La Logia Elks No 1542 de
Margarita celebrarA las honras
fiunebres en honor a Howard J.
Marks, policia de la Comisi6n
quien sejubil6 recientemente, a
las 5 p.m. el lunes, 19 de julio,
en la Secci6n de Veteranos del
Cementerio de Corozal.
* A partir de hoy 16 dejulio los
numeros telef6nicos del Hospi-
tal Gorgas del Ejercito, que se
rigen por el sistema de digitos
de la Comisi6n del Canal,
cambiaran al sistema military.
En la edici6n de hoy del
Southern Command News se
public un listado de los nuevos
nlmeros. Para mas informa-
ci6n sirvase lamar al tel6fono
* La Oficina de Musica y
Teatro del Sector AtlAntico
estara presentando un espec-
ticulo de marionetas en los
salones del Centro Recreativo
de Fuerte Davis, el cual tendra
lugar el dia 22 dejulio a las 2 de
la tarde. HabrA payasos, y se
repartiran refrescos a les asis-
tentes. El espectaculo sera
gratis. . . . . -
*L Ya ser-en centrs rabilt t'e
Mercadito. de Coco Solo. El
mercadito, que cuenta-con un
variado surtido de articulos,
esta ubicado en el primer piso
del Edificio Q de Coco Solo.
Abre de 2 a 7 p.m., de martes a
viernes; de 12 m. a 6 p.m. los
sibados; de 12 m. a 5 p.m. los
domingos, y cierra los lunes.
Pueden comprar en el nuevo
rercadito aquellas personas
que tienen privilegio de compra
en las instalaciones militares.


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