The Panama Canal spillway =

Material Information

The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Portion of title:
Parallel title:
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Alternate title:
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Place of Publication:
Balboa Hights C.Z
Panama Canal
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Biweekly[Jan. 6, 1984-1999]
Weekly[ FORMER <June 1966>-Dec. 23, 1983]
Physical Description:
37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )


Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note:
Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note:
Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note:
Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note:
Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
02582102 ( OCLC )
83642750 ( LCCN )
0364-8044 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Vol. XXXV, No. 17

Friday, August 15, 1997

Happy anniversary Panama Canal

Miraflores Locks today

F lr .. . .. .... .... .. .. .. .... . ..

______~ ____ __*l--T

r; ::t


The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 15, 1997

Monthly television program portrays importance of the Panama Canal

"The program is a window on the Panama

Canal to illustrate the waterway's great value."

By Teresa Arosemena
Almost a year ago, the idea was con-
ceived to provide information to the pub-
lic about Panama Canal Commission tran-
sition efforts through a monthly, 30-minute
television program in Spanish. The idea
was supported by Administrator Alberto
Alemin Zubieta as a way of not only
educating the public about the Canal tran-
sition, but also presenting related aspects
of Canal administration and operations;
portraying the importance of the Canal as
we approach December 31, 1999, the date
when the Panama Canal will be trans-
ferred to the Republic of Panama; and
demonstrating the responsibilities this en-
tails for Panamanians. The program, called
"Panama: A Canal in Transition," is con-
ceived, designed and produced by the Of-
fice of Public Affairs Graphic Branch.
While the overall subject of this 30-
minute television program is the transition
of the waterway to Panama, it covers a

Thefact that the smooth
transfer of the Canal
requires the work of all kinds
of occupations is emphasized
in the program's
"Canal people" segment.

variety of topics. A challenging task for
those in charge of program production is
choosing from among the myriad of possi-
bilities to be covered. Subjects of the ten
programs produced so far have included
the Canal tolls increase proposal, enact-

ment of the Panama Canal Authority Or-
ganic Law, significant improvement and
modernization projects, Canal benefits to
Panama's economy, water management
and control at the Canal, the Canal work
force and many others. The last program
focused on maintenance as the key for the
successful Canal operation.
Done in "magazine" style, the program
is divided into the following segments:
"Honoring the Past," "Canal People,"
"Modernization," "This Month at the Ca-
nal," and "The Report." The latter is the
principal topic of the program. Graphic
Branch Audiovisual Production Chief
Sacramento Castillo explains that the pro-
gram addresses Canal operations so that
the audience may learn about them. "The
program is a window on the Panama Canal
to illustrate the waterway's great value,"
he adds.
The fact that the smooth transfer of the
Canal requires the work of all kinds of
occupations is emphasized in the program's
"Canal People" segment. Explaining that
this segment features employees and their
achievements, Castillo says, "We high-
light individuals to send a message to
young people that they, too, can prepare
themselves to work for the Canal."
The "Honoring the Past" segment, pre-
sented at the end of the program, provides
a look at Canal history. Castillo com-
ments, "Many people identify with the
past, so we attempt to portray an interest-
ing incident with the available historical
footage." The other segment of the pro-
gram, called "This Month at the Canal,"
features short reports on the latest happen-
ings at the Panama Canal, including visits
by local and international personalities
and Canal improvement work.
The program production staff works on

Panama: A Canal in Transition Photo by Jaime Yau
Audiovisual Production Specialist Roger A. Guerra, right, directs members of the produc-
tion team of "Panama: A Canal in Transition" during the filming in Las Bovedas of a
segment of this month's 30-minute television program. The montly program is produced
in its entirety by Public Affairs Graphic Branch personnel. From left are student assistant
Eric Allen, holding a reflector; an unidentified model, holding a 1914 newspaper; Audio-
visual Production Specialist Orlando O'Meally, filming the action; and Guerra.

a tight deadline. Office of Public Affairs,
writer Joaqufn Horna, who is in charge of
writing the program's script, explains the
commitment the office has to the televi-
sion stations that air the program. "If the
program isn't ready on time, we lose cred-
ibility," he says. "Panama: A Canal in
Transition" is currently being aired by
local channels 5 and 11, by TVN Chiriquf,
in the Province of Chiriqui, and by BKAT
(Brooklyn Community Access Television)
a Brooklyn, New York, television station
directed towards New York's Hispanic
community, including Panamanians. In
terms of the future, the Office of Public

Affairs Graphic Branch is working to get
the program on commercial stations, both
locally and internationally. Castillo ex-
plains that they have approached Cadena
Sur, a Latin American network that has
shown a great deal of interest in airing the
program, since the commerce of many
Latin American countries depends on the
Canal. "We want as many people as pos-
sible to see the program," he adds.
The next television program will be
aired at the end of August and it will
feature the upcoming Universal Congress
of the Panama Canal and the Canal's 83rd

Insurance board receives update from financial analyst

The Panama Canal Area Group Irisurance Board met
recently at the Panama Canal Training'Center to receive an
update from Dr. Manuel Escobar, a well-known consultant
and certified financial analyst with thefirm Morgan Stanley
Dean Witter, whose services were contracted last year to
implement an investment program to'increase the board's
life insurance reserve fund.
A year ago, the board decided to implement an invest-
ment program that would allow it to take full advantage of
the investment opportunities offered by the U.S. fixed
income market. With the advice of Dr. Escobar, the $12
million in the fund were invested in U.S. Treasury, Agency,

Discussing profits
Members of the Panama
Canal Area Group Insurance
Board meet at the Panama
Canal Training Center with I.
Dr. Manuel Escobar, a
consultant and certified
financial analyst with the
firm Morgan Stanley Dean
Witter, to get an update on
the investment program
implemented last year to
increase the group's reserve
fund. From left are Board
President Walter Bottin,
Escobar, Vice President Julio
Cisneros, and representatives
Jacinto Holness, George
Brathwaite, Robert Urquhart
and Jose Claus.
Photo by Jaime Yau

Corporate and Mortgage-Backed securities with the pur-
pose of maximizing investment returns. Through that
move, the board was able to reportedly achieve $1,000,000
in profit, surpassing its target return rate of 8 percent, and
increasing the fund from the original $12 million to $13
During the meeting, Dr. Escobar also highlighted the
solid credit quality of the board's investment portfolio, and
made a presentation on the interest rate outlook for the
future and how the board could take advantage of current
investment opportunities within its policy guidelines to
continue to increase its investment returns.

Pare 2

Haynes' 83rd birthday Photo by Jaime Yau
Born on August 7, 1914, a week before the opening of
the Canal, Panama Canal Commission Inventory Man-
agement Specialist Cecil Haynes celebrates his 83rd
birthday with colleagues and friends at the Logistical
Support Division Inventory Management Branch.
Haynes is the oldest PCC employee and the one with
the most years of service. He has been working for the
Panama Canal for 69 years.

--- ---- --~--4~ ------- --- I

- -

Friday, August 15. 1997

The Panama Canal Spillway

Journalists, students attend

one-day seminar on Canal

More than 90journalists and advanced
journalism students from around Panama
attended a one-day seminar titled "The
Panama Canal and the Transition." Held
on August 8 at the Miraflores Locks visi-
tors center, the seminar was organized by
the Office of Public Affairs as an effective
means of disseminating current informa-
tion on the Panama Canal and the transi-
tion process.
Seminar participants were welcomed
to the event by Panama Canal Commis-
sion Administrator Alberto Alemdn
Zubieta, who later briefed the group on his
vision for the Panama Canal in the 21st
century. During his presentation, he ex-
plained, among other issues, the objec-
tives of the transition process, which in-
clude maintaining the Canal, providing a
trained and reliable work force, develop-
ing the legal framework necessary to
achieve a smooth transfer of the waterway
to the Republic of Panama and ensuring its
continued capacity to serve the world mari-
time industry in years to come, as well as
the broader scope of integrating the Canal
into Panama's economic strategy of devel-
oping the country as a major hub for inter-
national commerce.
The Administrator explained ongoing
Canal improvement projects, including the
Gaillard Cut widening program, the pur-
chase of additional tugboats and locks

locomotives, the replacement of locomo-
tive track, the upgrade of Canal locks con-
trol equipment and the enhanced vessel
traffic management system, all of which
combine to maximize Canal vessel transit
capacity and efficiency. He also discussed
a proposed plan for a possible future third
set of locks designed to handle larger ships.
"The Canal must continue to be depend-
able, safe and efficient," he emphasized.
AlemAn Zubieta highlighted the increase
in Panamanian participation in key posi-
tions and in the Canal's management group,
which is now 68 percent Panamanian. He
also noted that the Canal's total permanent
full-time work force is more than 92 per-
cent Panamanian. He urged Panamanians
to understand that Panama is, in fact, physi-
cally ready to assume administration of
the waterway on December 31, 1999.
Other speakers at the seminar included
Transition Planning Division Chief
Rodolfo Sabonge and Administrative As-
sistant to the Administrator Jaime
Bocanegra, who covered transition topics,
while Xenia de Vergara, from Panama's
Transition Commission for the Transfer of
the Canal, spoke about the Panama gov-
ernment transition efforts. Personnel Di-
rector George Mercier gave a briefing on
human resources as a key element for
Canal operations. Environmental/Energy
Control Officer Juan H. Diaz spoke on the

Seminar for journalists Photo by Jaime Yau
Administrator Alberto Alemdn Zubieta briefs journalists and students on his vision for the
Panama Canal on the 21st century during a one-day seminar titled "The Panama Canal and
the Transition," which was held at the Miraflores Locks visitors center on August 8.

environment and the Canal Watershed,
and Public Affairs Associate Director
Franklin D. Castrell6n briefed the journal-
ists on the Canal's information and public
relations programs.
Fernando Manfredo, Jr., Organizing
Committee chairman for the Universal
Congress of the Panama Canal and former
Panama Canal Commission Deputy Ad-
ministrator, briefed participants on the or-
ganization and importance of the Univer-
sal Congress. Other Commission speak-
ers were Freddy Chen, from the Marine

Safety Unit, who briefed participants on
the transit of hazardous cargo through the
Canal; Industrial Relations Deputy Di-
rector Clarita Smith, who spoke about
industrial relations at the Canal; and Lo-
gistical Support Division Purchasing and
Contracts Branch Chief Luz M. de Pinz6n,
who spoke on the Commission's procure-
ment system.
Human Resources Development Staff
Associate Director Mario A. Rodriguez
made closing remarks and presented cer-
tificates of participation.

Wong appointed Chief Information Officer

By Teresa Arosemena
Jacinto Wong was appointed on July 16
to the position of Chief Information Officer
in the Panama Canal Commission's Office
of Information Management. Wong, the
Acting Deputy Information Officer, had been
serving in the position as Acting Chief Infor-
mation Officer since January. The Office of
Information Management is a bureau-level
office that began operations in response to a
need for having a single source for planning
information technology and user support to
improve efficiency.
A graduate of the University of Califor-
nia at Berkeley, Wong earned a double ma-
jor in Electronics Engineering and Com-
puter Science and Material Science and En-
gineering. Wong began his actual career
with the Panama Canal agency in 1978 as a
hydrologist, but had previously worked as a
student assistant for the Transit Operations
Division. After several years with the Meteo-
rology and Hydrographic Branch, he was

temporarily appointed Communications
Branch Assistant Chief. "This was originally
intended to be temporary relief duty, but I
never returned to Met. & Hyd.," says Wong.
A highlight of his career, Wong says,
was when he once held three positions si-
multaneously. He explains that when the
Communications Branch was divided into
the Communications and Electronics
branches, he was appointed electronics en-
gineer of the latter and office automation
coordinator for the Engineering and Con-
struction Bureau. Later on, he says, he was
required to take over a third position, on a
temporary basis, as electronics engineer of
the Communications Branch.
After several years, Wong transferred to
the Canal Protection Division as acting As-
sistant Chief. He later became Canal Protec-
tion Chief, a post he held for two years.
Of his appointment as Chief Information
Officer, Wong says, "Every position brings
its own challenges. Every change requires a

fresh look at things." Wong says that for
the next two years his major project as
Chief Information Officer will be to im-
prove all of the Commission's information
systems. He explains that the Office of
Information Management is changing in
almost all aspects. "It used to consist of
storing information, but now it must ac- I
quire, process and distribute information to
help managers and field personnel make
better decisions," he says.
Wong praises his staff, saying that he can
rely on them at all times to carry out the
objectives of the office and of the Commis-
sion. Wong is surrounded by a supportive
family as well, including his wife, Lori Ann pi
and their four children, Gabriel, Daniel, Joana
and Eduardo. Jacinto Wong

Maintenance work under way

at Miraflores and Gatun locks

Less than a month after completing si-
multaneous overhaul and other maintenance
related work at Miraflores and Gatun locks,
the Panama Canal Commission began on
Monday, August 11, another maintenance
effort at both locks complexes. A simulta-
neous, 10-day east lane outage at Miraflores
and west lane at Gatun locks is allowing
personnel from the Locks, Maintenance,
Dredging and Industrial divisions to per-
form work to keep locks mechanisms and
machinery in optimum condition.
At Miraflores Locks, crews are per-
forming work for miter gates 112 and 113,
to include replacing the hollow quoin plates
and pintles, constructing a new sill,
rebushing yokes, and installing new apex
rubbers. Other work being done at
Miraflores Locks includes replacing ap-
proximately 650 feet of tow track, includ-
ing an incline; inspecting and installing
cathodic protection systems; replacing the

removable track sections over four miter
gates; and inspecting, cleaning and repair-
ing other miter gates, rising stem valves
and culverts.
At Gatun Locks, crews are taking ad-
vantage of the outage to remove hollow
quoin plates and the sill of miter gates 35
and 36, clean the caisson seat and repair the
discharge bulkhead in preparation for the
dry-chamber overhaul, which will be con-
ducted from September 22 through Octo-
ber 1. Crews are also making track repairs
and replacing the strut arm of bridge gate 4.
Double culvert relay operations will be
conducted in the west lane of Miraflores
Locks to minimize the impact of the work on
traffic during the 10-day outage. At Gatun
Locks, double culvert relay operations will
be conducted in the east lane, except for
three days during the repair of the caisson
seat and discharge bulkheads, when single
culvert operations will be conducted.

Page 3

Tow track work

Division employees
work to replace 650
feet of tow track,
including an incline,
as part of the
ongoing Miraflores
Locks overhaul.

Photo by Annando De Gracia

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 15, 1997

Happy birthday!

The following is a list of Panama Canal Commission employees who celebrate
their birthdays on August 15, the anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal to
world commerce. The Spillway staff sends them best wishes on this special day.

Acosta, Everardo
Araya E., Jorge E.
Arguelles C. Oldemar
Avila B., Alberto
Avila R., Amulfo R.
Banque, Magdaleno
Barrios, Denia M.

Brown B., Luciano
Burgos R., Jose G.
Ceballos G., C6sar A.

Centeno B., Amulfo
Chung M., Alberto
Claus, Jos6 A.
Colteryahn, Ver6nica L.
Daniels F., Alfredo L.
Del Cid S., Aristides
Farquiharson J., Luis C.
G6mez M., Mario
Gonzalez P. Ascensi6n

Grant T., Roberto J.
Illescas P., Patricia L.
Klinger P., Julio A.
Loaiza T., Eric D.
Manuel C., Lesbia E.
McDonald E., Jorge L.
Melo B., Arnulfo
Meyer M. Erwin
Mufioz C., Abdiel G.
Peralta M., Leonel A.
Pinz6n H., Martin A.
Ramos T., Marco N.
Rivera, Marcos A.
Rodriguez C., Roquelino
Smith, Rodolfo T.
Stankovic I., Radislav
Torres G., Hemnn H.
Vidal G., Luis A.

Locks Division/Atlantic Branch
Industrial Division, Production/Planning Branch
Locks Division/Pacific Branch
Dredging Division
Locks Division/Atlantic Branch
Maintenance Division
Logistical Support Division, Warehousing
Canal Services Division
Pilot Division
Electrical Division, Electrical Interior Branch/
Locks Division, Pacific Branch
Locks Division, Pacific Branch
Accounting Division, Payroll Branch
Locks Division, Pacific Branch
Motor Transportation Division
Industrial Division, Engineering Branch
Canal Services Division
Dredging Division, Repair Branch
Maintenance Division, Interior Maintenance
Maritime Training Unit
Locks Division
Engineering Division,Surveys Branch
Electrical Division, Electrical Exterior Branch
Dredging Division, Support Branch
Industrial Division, Engineering Branch
Canal Services Division
Locks Division, Pacific Branch
Electrical Division, Power Branch
Industrial Division, Production/Planning Branch
Industrial Division, Production/Planning Branch
Marine Bureau
Canal Protection Division
Canal Services Division
Construction Division
Industrial Division
Canal Services Division
Dredging Division/Repair Branch

Dengue fever continues to spread; Canal

employee and dependent among infected

Persons who contract dengue
get the virus through the bite of
an infected Aedes aegypti mos-
quito. After about five days, the
dengue virus begins to take over
their bodies. Dengue fever cur-
rently affects many people in the
Republic of Panama and recently
a Panama Canal Commission
employee and her son were added
to those who have contracted this
The employee's symptoms
started on a Monday in early
July. Even though she felt aw-
ful, she did not want to miss
work and showed up at her of-
fice that day. Her symptoms
included a headache, high fever
and heavy perspiration. "My
kidneys, hands and joints hurt
immensely and I was trembling
from fever," she says. When
she went to the doctor, she was
initially diagnosed as having
kidney problems, from which
she had suffered before. Ac-
cording to the employee, the
worst symptom was feeling as
if her "eyes were going to pop
out." Unfortunately, the em-
ployee did not mention this to
the doctor.
Two days passed and she still

thought she had kidney problems.
However, the costly shots and
pills that were prescribed for her
had made no difference in her
condition, so she decided to pay
another visit to the doctor. On
this occasion, the doctor did no-
tice a swelling of her lymph
glands, and this time she did tell
the doctor about the painful swell-
ing sensation in her eyes. Further
laboratory tests later confirmed
that she had dengue. About two
days after her illness began, her
son came down with similar
symptoms and was also diagnosed
with dengue.
According to the Commis-
sion employee, the doctor ex-
plained thatAedes aegypti mos-
quitoes bite throughout the day
inside the home, but may be
more active during the early
morning and again at sunset. In
addition, they usually breed in
clean water stored for house-
hold use or in discarded con-
tainers near or inside dwellings.
After recovering to some degree,
the employee learned that Panama
Ministry of Health inspectors had
found Aedes aegypti breeding sites
at nearby houses in the weeks prior
toherillness. The employee urges

everyone to join with their neigh-
bors to keep homes and communi-
ties clean and to eliminate all
likely mosquito breeding sites
to avoid becoming victims of
this potentially life-threatening
The symptoms of dengue in-
clude a sudden onset of flu-like
illness, high fever, a headache
with pain behind the eyes, severe
pain in joints and muscles, nau-
sea and vomiting, skin rash and
sometimes a sour taste in the
mouth. Any person suffering
from any combination of these
symptoms should seek immedi-
ate medical attention.

Employee Fitness Branch offers kickboxing class

A new aerobics class is cur-
rently drawing a large crowd of
Panama Canal Commission em-
ployees and dependents to the
Employee Fitness Branch Diablo
Fitness Center. The class, called
aeroboxing or kickboxing, mixes
an aerobics routine with the in-
tensive techniques included in the
training of professional boxers.
Certified aerobics instructor
Dr. M6nica Escobedo de
Anguizola is teaching the one-
hour class that meets every
Wednesday from 5:45 to 6:45 in
Diablo. During the routines, stu-

dents learn how to combine
breathing techniques and body
movements to produce an intense
effect on the cardiovascular,
neurovascular, muscular and pul-
monary systems and achieve a
complete body toning. The class
starts with a warm-up and stretch
exercises and then continues with
a series of exercises that include
putting on the gloves to hit a train-
ing pad and to practicehigh kicks.
Kickboxing has existed since
the time of professional boxer
Rocky Marciano, but has become
more popular in the United States

since 1992. Today, boxing per-
sonalities like former world cham-
pion Sugar Ray Leonard, model
Kathy Smith and sports commenta-
tor Jimmy Lennon Jr. have made it
even more popular, appearing in
commercial videos that promote
kickboxing techniques.
Certified by the Aerobics and Fit-
ness Association of America,
Anguizola was trained on kickboxing
by well-known local boxing instruc-
tors Antonio Gonzalez and Amoldo
Jolly, who are also certified by the
Aerobics and Fitness Association of

Taking best shot Photo by Roberto Vaca
Carmen Lucas, wife of Deputy General Counsel Theodore Lucas, hits the
trainingpads held by kickboxing instructorMdnica Escobedo deAnguizola,
while her husband awaits his turn.

Atmospheric phenomenon blamed for bizarre weather

By Yira A. Flores
Have you wondered about
what has been causing the ongo-
ing, sometimes unbearably hot
weather in tropical Panama?
Well, even though the phenom-
enon has been given a name that
could make it seem particularly
small, the "El Nifio" phenomenon
affects a rather large part of the
world in very harsh ways. A
climatological event believed to
occur on an irregular basis with
no distinct pattern about every
two to seven years and lasting
between 12 to 18 months, the "El
Nifio" phenomenon is an exten-
sive ocean current that breaks out
flowing southward along the coast
of Ecuador and Peru and is asso-
ciated with the warming of the
surface water.
In normal years, the trade
winds tend to blow from east to

west across the coastal waters
of the eastern Pacific. They
tend to drag the surface waters
westward across the ocean. In
turn, deeper, colder waters rise
to the surface. The upwelling
of deep ocean waters brings with
it the nutrients that otherwise
would lie near the bottom of the
ocean, on which the fish popu-
lation living in the upper waters
depends on for survival.
On the other hand, when the
phenomenon occurs, the west-
ward trade winds weaken, bring-
ing the upwelling of deep water
to a halt. The consequent warm-
ing of the ocean surface further
weakens the trade winds and
strengthens "El Nifio." Without
upwelling, the nutrients from
deep water are no longer avail-
able. This signals the end of the
fishing industry until the return

of normal conditions.
The "El Nifo" current has con-
siderable consequences for
weather around the globe. Among
these consequences are increased
rainfall across the southern tier
of the United States and in Peru,
where it has caused destructive
flooding, and drought in the
western Pacific, sometimes as-
sociated with devastating brush
fires in Australia. Water tem-
peratures rise several degrees in
the Eastern Pacific, while Eu-
rope suffers from very mild sum-
mers with barely a hint of
warmth. "El Nifio" is also
thought to have been associated
with the extreme changes in
weather in the United States. In
fact, the phenomenon has even
been known to be related to mon-
soons in other parts of the world.
In Panama, while rivers and

underground wells in central
provinces go dry, causing losses
to agricultural and cattle-raising
activities, heavy rains with strong
winds sporadically affect the cit-
ies of Panama and Colon.
Since there is little known
about "El Nifio," it is very hard to
predict it. However, scientists
know that the key element of the
phenomenon is the interaction be-
tween the winds in the atmosphere
and the sea surface. Without this
air-sea interaction, there would
be no "El Nifio." Taking advan-
tage of observations from the
National Oceanic and Atmo-
spheric Administration weather
satellites, scientists have been
able to track shifting patterns of
sea surface temperatures. The
pool of warm waters that nor-
mally resides in the western wa-
ters of the Pacific has been seen

to drift eastward toward the west-
ern coast of South America.
Extensive research has been
done, although there is still a lot
to do in the prediction of weather.
Encouraged by the progress of
the past decade, scientists and
governments from many coun-
tries are working together to de-
sign and build a global system
that would allow them to ob-
serve the tropical oceans, pre-
dict "El Nifio" and other irregu-
lar climate rhythms. The ability
to anticipate how climate will
change from one year to the next
will lead to better management
of agriculture, water supplies,
fisheries and other resources. By
incorporating climate predic-
tions into management decisions,
humankind will become better
adapted to the irregular rhythms
of climate.

Pase 4

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Friday, August 15, 1997

The Panama Canal Spillway

Page 5

Canal Record reports events taking place during August 1914

The Panama Canal Record re-
ports the following activities tak-
ing place during August 1914, the
month the Panama Canal opened
to world commerce:

The first foreign vessel, the
Daldorch, transited the Canal on
August 22, loaded with 11,500 tons
of wheat. Bound for Limerick,
Ireland, the vessel reportedly had
left Tacoma, Wash., "the day of the
outbreak of hostilities in Europe."
While under way, a radio message
instructed the captain to use the
newly opened Canal rather than its
intended route around South
America, thus saving an estimated
40 days of voyage time.
It was reported that a grand
total of $7,658.40 in Canal tolls
was collected during the month of
July 1914 $4,688.40 at Balboa
and $2,970 at Cristobal. Pilotage
collections at Balboa amounted to
$332 and at Cristobal $1,240, for a
total of $1,572, bringing total Ca-
nal revenues for the month to
Canal administrative offices at
Ancon, Culebra and Empire began
moving into the new Balboa
Heights Administration Building.
The work of measuring vessels
for Canal transit was progressing.
The Canal Record notes, "Two
Navy warrant officers, a carpenter
and a machinist have been em-
ployed as measurers."

August 10 marked the ninth
month of operations for the plant at
Corozal that manufactured hollow
concrete blocks for the construc-
tion of permanent Canal buildings.
Employing both day and night
shifts, the plant had produced over
100,000 blocks per month during
that time.

The names "Gorgona" and
"Tabernilla" were selected for the
two new Canal tugs being built by

the Staten Island Shipbuilding
Company. The tugs were named
for two important construction-era
settlements that were abandoned
when Gatun Lake was filled.

"No more work to be have at
the Panama Canal" was the word
American Consular representatives
in the West Indies were asked to

A New Orleans company was
awarded the contract for supplying
300,000 pounds of rice straw to be
used for bedding at Panama Canal
corrals. The total cost was

A test voyage of the Canal was
made from Cristobal to Balboa on
Monday, August 3, by the steam-
ship Cristobal, with the return trip
Tuesday, August 4. The Cristobal
was the sister ship of the Ancon,
which made the inaugural voyage
August 15. All went well on the
Cristobal transit, except for some
minor locks locomotive problems
at Gatun and Pedro Miguel locks.
The Cristobal left Dock 9,
Cristobal, just after7 a.m., arriving
at Balboa around 6:30 p.m.

Executive order 1990, dated
August 5, 1914, and signed by
President Woodrow Wilson, estab-
lished the rules and regulations for
operation and navigation on the
Panama Canal and approaches and
in all waters under Canal jurisdic-
tion. The 201 items listed included
general regulations as well as rules
for navigation and vessel move-
ments, Canal transits and prepara-
tions, radio communications and
reports, accidents and defects, fire-
arms, pilot subsistence, equipment,
claims, vessel measurement and
aids to navigation.

Further test voyages were made
of the Canal, resulting in smoother
locks operations and faster transit
times. On August 9, the Advance
transited from Cristobal through

Test voyage
On this photo ofAugust 9, 1914, the "S.S. Advance" is seen arriving at Pedro Miguel Locks during a test voyage
of the Panama Canal before its official opening.

Miraflores Locks and back to Gatun
the same day, transiting back
through Gatun Locks the next
morning. The Panama transited
August 11 in similar fashion. By
invitation of the governor, both of
these vessels carried "old" employ-
ees and their family members as
passengers. TheAncon, scheduled
to make the inaugural transit of the
Canal, was to carry cargo to Balboa,
where it would be transferred for
shipment to ports in the north and
south Pacific.

Because no streetcar or railroad
tracks other than those already in
place were to be permitted in
Balboa or near the Administration
Building, three motor buses were
requisitioned by the Panama Rail-
road to carry passengers within the
townsites of Ancon, Balboa and

I "-P I I

Balboa Heights. It was thought
that the buses would likely re-
semble New York City's Fifth
Avenuebuses. Operating on aregu-
lar schedule, they would run be-
tween the Ancon Hospital, Tivoli
Hotel and various sites in Balboa
and Balboa Heights.
The American Institute of Elec-
trical Engineers met at 9 a.m. Au-
gust 23 at the new Canal Adminis-
tration Building. A paper titled,
"The Distribution System of Per-
manent Townsites" was the topic
for a presentation, followed by a
short talk on the practical side of
duct-line construction. The meet-
ing was followed by a quick tour of
the Administration Building.

Foundation work was com-
pleted for a permanent fire station
to be built near the east end of the
Prado below the Administration
Col. George W. Goethals ad-
vised heads of departments and
divisions that there was no authori-
zation for "gratuity pay" for em-

ployees invited by him to transit
the Canal. The time required for
such trips would be "charged
against the employee in every in-
There was an unusually heavy
rain at Gatun on the afternoon of
August 12. The heaviest one-
hour fall was 4.72 inches between
3:45 and 4:45 p.m. The rain
caused several mud slides and a
washout on the Panama Railroad.
In the washout, the "embankment
was carried into the lake, leaving
a gap about 15 feet deep, with
rails and ties hanging suspended
in the air over the water." Repair
work was begun immediately, and
the track was ready for use by the
supply train at 3:35 the following
Those interested in the sport of
motorcycling were invited to a
meeting at Ancon lodge hall on
Sunday, August 23, for the pur-
pose of organizing an all-Isthmian
motorcycle club and to "arrange
details" for a Labor Day event on
September 7.

First vessel through Gatun Locks
Employees gather on both sides of lock walls to observe the tug "Gatun" entering Gatun Locks in September
1913. The "Gatun" was the first vessel to go through Gatun Locks.

Take note

*The U.S. Embassy Information Service (USIS)
has announced that the Honorable Rodney E. Slater,
Secretary of Transportation, and the Honorable Tho-
mas F. McLarty, Counselor to the U.S. President and
Special Envoy to Latin America, will lead the U.S.
delegation to the Universal Congress of the Panama
Local Channel 2 will air a special, one-hour
edition of the program "Panama: A Canal in Transi-
tion" from 7 a.m. to 8 a.m. on Saturday, August 16.
The program commemorates the 83rd anniversary
of the opening of the Panama Canal for world com-
*The new telephone number of the Diablo Driver's
License office is 272-5711.


The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 15, 1997

Association takes active role in

teaching the importance of the Canal

By Teresa Arosemena
Under a program called "Pilot Plan
2000," the Panama Canal Pilots Wives'
Association is organizing visits to local
schools to give briefings, particularly to
12th graders, about the Panama Canal and
the various career opportunities that it of-
fers. The main objective of the program is
to provide information about the duties of
Panama Canal pilots and to make students
aware of the importance of this vital water-
way, especially with the advent of the year
2000 and the transfer of the Canal to the
Republic of Panama.
The briefings at the schools are supple-
mented by tours to the Miraflores Locks
visitors center to familiarize students with
Canal operations. Panama Canal Pilots
Wives' Association President Elsa de Herrera
comments that the purpose of these lectures
and orientations is to inspire young people to
look to the Panama Canal for their future
careers. "Be it as engineers or electricians,
the Canal requires these services," says
More specifically, the program has been
conceived to explain a pilot's job and the
steps and requirements to become one. When
visiting a school, a pilot will generally ac-
company the members of the association
to give students a thorough explanation of
how long it takes to become a pilot, includ-
ing the time spent studying and at sea, an
overview of the Canal's training programs,
the steps or levels pilots must go through to
get to the highest level, an explanation of

pilots' demanding work schedules, and tips
on how to apply in case anyone aspires to
become a Panama Canal pilot. The latest
orientation was recently given to students
from the Episcopal San Marcos school.
In addition to giving these lectures and
orientations to students, the Panama Canal
Pilots Wives' Association is very active in
other areas. Their various activities include
organizing get-togethers for pilots' families
and raising funds used to help the needy and
other causes. For example, during Seaman's
Week the association presents gift baskets to
the mothers of newborn babies, who are in
need. This year, in addition to a gift basket
they presented at the maternity ward of Santo
TomAs Hospital, they also donated one in
Association members meet once a month
and invite a speaker to participate in their
meetings to share ideas on women's topics
and other areas. Two recent speakers have
been writer Marisin Villalaz de Arias and
Grace de Clark, who spoke on women in
politics and children, respectively.
During the meetings, they also take time
to organize their activities. The association
has several committees the Internal and
External Education, Funds, Gift Basket and
Advertising. The External Education Com-
mittee is the one in charge of organizing the
visits to the schools. Currently comprising 33
active members, the Panama Canal Pilots
Wives' Association is eager to increase its
membership. For additional information, call
Cecilia de Jim6nez at 272-2258.

Safety and Health Committee meeting Photo by Jaime Yau
The Panama Canal Commission Safety and Health Committee meets for the installation of
Occupational Health Division ChiefMaria A. Antoniadis as its new chairman. The Safety
and Health Committee assists in monitoring the safety and health of Commission's work
areas. Its chairman is changed every year, alternating between union and management
representatives. Clockwise, from left, are firefighters bargaining unit representative Rene
Ucr6s; pilot bargaining unit representative Radl Brostella; professional bargaining unit
representative Carlos Dasho; Employee Assistance Branch Chief Barbara Ledezma;
Deputy Personnel Director Mary K. Vidaurri; Antoniadis; Safety and Health Committee
secretary Elys Da Mata; Safety Division representative Charles M. Monaghan; Mainte-
nance Division acting Chief Luis Alfaro, representing the Deputy Engineering and Con-
struction Director; and Canal Services Division ChiefRafael M. Spalding, representing the
Deputy Marine Director. Also present at the meeting, but not pictured, were Juan Solis
representing the Deputy General Services Director, and Jaime Farro representing the non-
professional bargaining unit.

Administrator, Panama Canal Commission

Associate Director

Presenting gift basket Photo by Jaime Yau
Members of the Panama Canal Pilots Wives' Association commemorated "Seaman's Day"
by presenting a gift basketat the Santo Tomds Hospital maternity ward. The lucky recipients
of the basket, which contained an assortment of items needed for a newborn infant, are
Nedelissa Lasso Padilla of Puerto Pil6n, Coldn, and her baby daughter. From left are
Rosemary de Rovira, Vianca de Sanchiz, Cecilia de Jiminez, Lasso Padilla and the
president of the association, Elsa de Herrera, with the baby on her arms.

Dredging Division employees share

transportation to commute to work

By Teresa Arosemena
"Car pooling seems to be the easiest
and most practical way to get to work,"
says Dredging Division Aquatic Vegeta-
tion and Oil Pollution Management Branch
Chief C6sar Von Chong. Having worked
for thePanama Canal Commission Dredg-
ing Division for 25 years, Von Chong
started car pooling 21 years ago with five
Most of the commuters in the group
have already retired, but Von Chong still
remembers clearly when they started out
car pooling. "We all agreed that if we
traveled together, it would provide us with
many advantages," he says. Von Chong
recalls, "Our initial group of five included
Adriano Diaz, Julio Rodriguez, Roberto
Ng and Allen Welch. Later on, the former
Administrative Officer Horman Archibold
joined us."
As time went by, Von Chong was gradu-
ally left alone for commuting. He then
took the initiative of forming another group
among his co-workers and asked Jaime
Martiz if he could join him. They used
Martiz' car, so he charged each one a fee
for commuting with him. The group was
progressively increasing, and a new idea
emerged Martiz would buy a bus.
The Toyota Hi-Ace bus could hold a
larger group of commuters. It usually
carries between eight and ten people, nine
of them from the Dredging Division, and



Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Associate Director

Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail, $4 by regular mail for
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 272-3202 for further
information or write the Office of Public Affairs, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights, Panama.

the tenth, Vicky de Rodriguez, from the
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
Other people in the group, besides Von
Chong, Martiz and Rodriguez, are Gil
Carrera, Jos6 Maturel, Roan Callender,
Antonio Dunn-Moodie, and David Arias.
Reynaldo Sandoval is also part of the
group, but since he is temporarily working
in Balboa, he is not riding in the bus.
Von Chong went on to explain that
their route begins in San Antonio, on the
outskirts of Panama City, then on to Villa
Lucre, El Romeral, and Chanis, where
Von Chong lives, and then to 12 deOctubre
Avenue. He says that it costs $3 a day
each, and is very convenient. "It picks you
up and leaves you right at your door," he
says. If anyone needs to run an errand
after work, they can leave their car at the
Training Center and the bus will pick them
up there.
Von Chong comments that once in a
while he has to drive the bus when Martiz
works overtime. In that case, whoever
lives the farthest away, gets to drive, and
Martiz will pick up the bus later. If the bus
breaks down, Martiz always rents another,
so those in the car pool never have to
worry about transportation. "It's very
comfortable and advantageous," says Von
Chong, adding that there are two or three
other Dredging Division groups who also
car pool.

Car poolers
With the dredge
"Rialto M.
Christensen" in
the background,
Dredging Divi-
sion commuters
show off the bus
they use for car
pooling. From
left are Cisar Von
Chong, Jaime
Martiz, Josj
Maturel, Antonio
Dunn-Moodie, Gil
Carrera and Roan

Photo by Jaime Yau

Pace 6

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Friday. Aueust 15. 1997

The Panama Canal Spillway

Employee's wife wins beauty contest

By Yira A. Flores
The evening of July 5 was a memorable
one for Locks Locomotive Reliability and
Rehabilitation Project leader Abdiel P6rez,
his wife, Edda Dutari de P6rez, and their two
children, Abdiel Alessandro and Edda
Gabriela. Along with friends and rela-
tives, they gathered that night at the Atlapa
Conventions Center to cheer on their re-
spective wife and mother as she competed in
this year's Bella y Sefiora pageant.
Relatives and friends had been trying
to get Eddato enter the contest for a couple
of years, but she was not really enthusiastic
aboutit. This year, however, they managed
to convince her. "I supported her decision
as soon as she said she would do it," P6rez
says. He was a little worried, though,
because she owns a travel agency and she
always wants to be aware of everything
that goes on, so he was concerned that
between the event and the agency she would
kill herself with work. But her employees
assured her they would take care of every-
thing, and they did indeed. "They did an
excellent job," he says.
P6rez explains that the preparation of
thepageant's 13 contestants, selected out of
300 entries, took two months. Although
families participated in weekend activi-
ties, the real involvement came the last
two weeks of the preparation period, since
they were to be part of the event's chore-

From the beginning, the P6rez family
thought that Edda had a good chance of
being among the finalists, but they agreed
they would not be overly concerned about
winning, but would, instead, enjoy every-
thing that was going on. Says P6rez, "To
my wife, getting the free massages,
aerobics classes and beauty treatments,
some nice clothing, and making new friend-
ships were good enough prizes."
P6rez says that the last part of the
contest required the contestants to answer
a question, for which most of them pre-
pared by reviewing some possible sample
questions that were given to them in ad-
vance. "Edda, instead, spent her time
sitting on the stairs backstage, her shoes
off, talking with other contestants," P6rez
explains. When she was on stage answer-
ing before the audience she got stuck
looking for the right word. "It was then
that I thought our chances of winning had
vanished," he says, adding that appar-
ently she, also, had thought she did not
have a chance. But then they started
calling the finalists, and they called Edda.
"I was so excited to hear my wife's
name mentioned as the winner that when
they said it, I immediately ran toward the
stairs that lead to the stage to congratulate
her," he proudly says. Since the protocol
of the event called for the winner to "cry
by herself on stage before she was joined

by her family," contest organizers held
him back, and when he finally got there, he
says, "It had been so long that I almost
forgot what I was so happy about." "But
she won in spite of me," P6rez jokes re-
calling the tension he was feeling.
P6rez explains that the contest was an
experience they enjoyed a lot, even though
there was pressure because everyone in
the family had their own engagements and

SContest winner

-e Edda Dutari de
Pirez, winnerofthe
1997 "Bella y
Sefiora" pageant,
and her husband,
Panama Canal
Commission Locks
Reliability and
Project Leader,
Abdiel Pirez, on
stage at the Atlapa
Convention Center
after Edda was
crowned "Bella y
Seiiora" the
evening of July 5.

Photo by Tony Lindo

had to take time out to attend contest
events. He is grateful to his supervisor,
Hernin Acevedo, for his support during
the preparation for the event and for being
an important part of the cheering section
the night of the pageant. Besides, P6rez
says that he learned to value his wife more
after seeing how she handled herself from
the beginning. "I think we would defi-
nitely do it again."

Canal history

Voyage for hay fever sufferers

The following was among the items pub-
lished in the Canal Record between August
18 and September 22, 1920.
The steamship Panama of the Panama
Railroad Steamship Line is due to sail from
New York for Cristobal, via Haiti, on Au-
gust 19, with a party of sufferers from hay
fever, for whom an ocean voyage is consid-
ered highly beneficial. The vessel will be at

Cristobal about 6 days.
After the departure of thePanama from
New York, the passenger agent there will
cable the number of berths taken by the
hay fever sufferers, from which the office
on the Isthmus will know how many addi-
tional passengers may be assigned for the
return voyage. Hay fever is not conta-

Suggestion awards Photo by Jaime Yau
Six Locks Division employees recently were presented cash awards and certificates for
making suggestions that will improve their respective fields of work. From left are
electrical helper Luis Romero; boatman Manuel Herrera; linehandler Luis Villarreal;
Locks Division Chief Jorge L. Quijano; machinist leader Fernando Esquivel; machinist
Roberto Sepilveda; and Locks Division Pacific Branch acting Superintendent Ivdn Lasso.
Not pictured is electrician Harold Jones, who also received a suggestion award.

Authorities announce outbreak

of conjunctivitis in Panama City

The following information has been re-
leased by the Occupational Health Division.
An outbreak of viral conjunctivitis has
been reported in Panama City. According to
reports, several hundred cases have been
seen in downtown clinics, although only a
few have been seen at the Commission's
Occupational Health Clinics.
There is no specific treatment for
conjunctivitis and, since it is caused by a
virus, antibiotic drops do not control it.
Since conjunctivitis is transmitted by bring-
ing the virus into our eyes with our hands
after touching contaminated utensils or
sharing eyeglasses, we can avoid the infec-
tionby observing the following preventive
Observe strict cleanliness and hygiene

Wash your hands frequently.
Do not wear safety glasses, masks or
other face protective equipment that have
been used by another person.
Avoid touching your eyes, especially
after being around an infected person.
If you follow these preventive mea-
sures, you should not become infected. If
you do become infected, however, you can
decrease the discomfort of viral conjunctivitis
by covering your eyes with cold packs and, at
times, applying soothing eye drops. In a
three- to four-day period, the disease should
resolve itself. If the discomfort persists after
this period, you must visit an ophthalmologist
to rule out an unusual complication.
Any employee noting eye irritation
should immediately contact the area Oc-
cupational Health nurse.

Page 7

Technical Resources Center


This column provides information on new material or services available at the
Commission's Technical Resources Center. To obtain additional information about
services offered at the center or to request a publication, call 272-4929 or 272-4925.

New Books
Panama: Latin America's Best-Kept Secret. William Chislett, London,
Euromoney Publications, 1995.
Panamanian Militarism: A Historical Interpretation. Carlos Guevara
Mann. Ohio University, 1996.
Viva Panamd: A New Sea Level Canal. John Hampel. Hudson, Fla., John
Hampel, 1996.
The Tailor of Panama. John Le Carr6. New York, Alfred Knopf, 1996.
The Panama Canal. Tim McNeese. San Diego, Cal., Lucen Books Inc., 1997.
The Memoirs of Manuel Noriega: America's Prisoner. Manuel A. Noriega
and Peter Eisner. New York, Random House, 1997.
Panama Canal (videorecording). New York, A & E Network, 1994, VHS,
color, 50 minutes.
Children of the Ice Age: How a Global Catastrophe Allowed Humans to
Evolve. Steven M. Stanley. New York, Harmony Books, 1996.
El Fin de la Tregua: Cr6nica de la Invasidn Norteamericana a Panama.
Itzel Velasquez. M6xico, Editorial Diana, 1996.
Panamd. Eric Zencey. New York, Farrar Straus, 1995.
Portrait of the Panama Canal. William Friar. Portland, Oregon, Graphics Art
Center Publishing Co.,

Jdiminitratiton .ildlng keeps in step with modern world

By Jennifer Jones
For those who recognize the
value of preserving the legacy of
the past while preparing for the
challenges of the future, the
Panama Canal Commission Ad-
ministration Building represents
the best of both worlds. Several
projects are currently under way to
ensure that the historical edifice
remains in step with the realities of
the modern world.
Welcoming its first occupants
on July 15, 1914, the Administra-
tion Building opened exactly one
month before the Panama Canal,
which is celebrating its 83rd anni-
versary today.
The initiative to permanently
centralize activities related to the
administration of the Canal began
in 1912. After the construction
site was selected, Austin W. Lord
of the New Yorkfirm Lord, Hewlett
and Tallant was brought to the
Isthmus to study local conditions
and develop plans for uniformity
in the design of a series of build-
ings in the area. By 1913, Lord,
who was head of the Columbia
University architecture depart-
ment, had developed plans for the
Administration Building, the three
locks control houses, the terminal
buildings at Balboa and Cristobal,
the Gatun hydroelectric station and
El Prado's residential units.
Lord chose an "E" shape for the
Administration Building to keep it
narrow and maximize the use of
natural light. Tropical sunshine
filtering in through the building's
many windows provided illumina-
tion for several generations of of-
fice workers to perform their du-

ties; however, the onsetof the com-
puter age has necessitated some
adjustments in recent years.
New ergonomic lighting sys-
tems have been installed in most of
the building's offices to enhance
productivity and reduce eyestrain
by eliminating glare and shadows.
To avoid disruptions, however, the
work had not been carried out in
the second-floor executive wing,
which has housed every chief ex-
ecutive officer of the Canal orga-
nization since George Washington
Goethals. The wing, which has
not had a major remodeling since a
fire broke out there in August 1960,
is now being equipped with a mod-
em lighting system.
Other work is being carried out
simultaneously to enhance the
area's corporate image and meet
current executive needs. The new
design for the wing will provide
additional office space for Admin-
istrator Alberto Alemin Zubieta
including a much-needed area for
small group meetings and a pantry.
The project is being carried out
by Maintenance Division person-
nel using a design prepared by
Regina Mouynes under the super-
vision of Architectural Branch
Chief Alcides Ponce.
Another sign of changing times
is a project to enhance security by
controlling .vehicular access and
parking around the building. Bar-
riers will be set up to limit entry to
employees and those with official
business therein. Other options
for enhancing security are being
considered in connection with the
ongoing Commission-wide secu-

rity evaluation program.
Another, separate project will
enhance the building's basement
cafeteria to improve the ambience
of the area. The scheduled closing
of nearby U.S. military officers'
clubs, which have been an alterna-
tive for some Commission employ-
ees to purchase the midday meal,
provided an additional incentive for
upgrading the Commission cafeteria.
Supervised by project manager
Lily Smith, the work is being done
under contract by Kunkel-Wiese.
Equipment, furniture, supplies,
decorations and a sound system
will be provided through smaller
contracts with 10 additional firms.
The project design was prepared
by Buildings Office architect Elyna
Cascante. Begun in July, the work
is scheduled for completion on Sep-
tember 4, so that the new cafeteria
will be ready to welcome visitors
that will be here for the Universal
Congress of the Panama Canal.
Dora Zarak, who operates the
cafeteria at the Smithsonian Tropi-
cal Research Institute, was awarded
the concession for the Commis-
sion cafeteria through a bid pro-
cess in which food quality and
price carried the most weight.
Zarak, who has been offering a
limited takeout menu for the past
several weeks, will begin full ser-
vice when the cafeteria reopens.
The projects now under way at
the Administration Building are
designed to provide increased pro-
tection to Commission employees
and property, foster efficiency,
boost morale and enhance the
Commission's corporate image.

Construction then and now
At left, the Panama Canal Adminis-
tration Building, headquarters ofthe
Panama Canal Commission, as it
looked on March 14, 1914; above
left, just the building's framework is
seen in this September 1913 photo;
above, contractor employees work
on remodeling the building's base-
mentcafeteria; atright, Maintenance
Division masonry worker Julio
Cabrera removes material from the
Administrator's second floor office
using a temporary, outside stairway
built for the purpose; and below,
Maintenance Division carpenters
Bias G6mez, Tomds Marin and
Roberto Bernal check the progress
of work on the Administrator's office.

Construcci6n ayer y hoy
A la izquierda, el Edificio de Admi-
nistracidn, sede de la Comisidn del
CanaldePanamd, comose veia el 14
de marzode 1914; arriba, a la izquier-
da, s6lo se ve la estructura del edificio
en estafoto de septiembre de 1913;
arriba, empleadoscontratistastraba-
jan en la remodelaci6nde la cafeteria
del edificio; a la derecha, el albaiiil
de la Divisitn de Mantenimiento,
Julio Cabrera, retira material de la
oficina del Administrador en el
segundopiso, usando unas escaleras
temporales externas construidaspara
este prop6sito; y abajo, los carpin-
teros de la Divisidn de Manteni-
miento, Bias Gdmez, Tomds Marin y
Roberto Bernal, revisan el progreso
del trabajo en la oficina del Admi-

Current photos by:

Fotos recientes por:
Don Goode &
Armando De Gracia

I--- -----~--

dcfilicio de

Por Jennifer Jones
Para aquellos que reconocen el
valor de preservar el legado del
pasado mientras se preparan para
los retos del futuro, el Edificio de
Administraci6n de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama representa
lo mejor de ambos mundos.
Actualmente se realizan varios
proyectos para garantizar que el
edificio hist6rico se mantenga al
ritmo con la realidad del mundo
Recibiendo a sus primeros
ocupantes el 15 dejulio de 1914,
el Edificio de Administraci6n se
inaugur6 exactamente un mes an-
tes que el Canal de Panama, que
celebra hoy su 830. aniversario.
La iniciativa de centralizar de
forma permanente las actividades
relacionadas a la administraci6n
del Canal se inici6 en 1912. Luego
de seleccionar el sitio de
construcci6n, Austin W. Lord de
la firma Lord, Hewlett y Tallant
de Nueva York, fue traido al Istmo
para estudiar las condiciones lo-
cales y desarrollar pianos para
crear uniformidad en el disefio de
una serie de edificios en el area.
En 1913, Lord, quien dirigia el
departamento de arquitectura de
la Universidad de Columbia, habia
desarrollado los pianos para el
Edificio de Administraci6n, las
tres torres de control de las
esclusas, las estaciones del tren
en Balboa y Crist6bal, la estaci6n

Vdmimnitraci6n Je

hidroel6ctrica de Gatdn y las
unidades residenciales en El
Lord escogi6 una forma en "E"
para mantener el Edificio de
Administraci6n angosto y utilizar
al maximo la luz natural. La luz
solar tropical que se filtraba a
trav6s de las innumerables ven-
tanas del edificio, ofrecia ilumi-
naci6n para que las diversas
generaciones de empleados reali-
zaran sus tareas; sin embargo, la
Ilegada de la era de las compu-
tadoras ha hecho necesarios
algunos ajustes en afios recientes.
Se han instalado nuevos siste-
mas de iluminaci6n ergon6mica
en la mayoria de las oficinas del
edificio para aumentar la produc-
tividad y reducir el cansancio de
la vista eliminando reflejos y
sombras. Sin embargo, paraevitar
interrupciones, este trabajo no se
ha realizado en la secci6n ejecu-
tiva del segundo piso, la cual ha
alojado a todos losjefes ejecutivos
de laorganizaci6n del Canal desde
George Washington Goethals.
Esta secci6n, la cual no ha sido
remodelada desde un incendio
ocurrido en agosto de 1960, estd
siendo equipada con un sistema
moderno de luces.
Se estan realizando otros
trabajos simultaneamente para
mejorar la imagen corporativa del
area y cumplir con las actuales

mantiene at dia con loi cambios

necesidadesejecutivas. Elnuevo
disefio de la secci6n ofreceri
espacio adicional de oficina para
el Administrador, Alberto
Alemdn Zubieta, que incluye un
area para reuniones pequefias y
El proyecto lo realiza personal
de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento,
utilizando un disefio preparado
por Regina Mouynes, bajo la
supervisi6n del Jefe del Ramo de
Arquitectura, Alcides Ponce.
Otra serial de que los tiempos
estan cambiando es un proyecto
para mejorar la seguridad con-
trolando el acceso vehicular y el
estacionamiento alrededor del
edificio. Se colocaran barreras
para limitar la entrada a empleados
y personas en asuntos oficiales.
Se estin considerando otras
opciones para mejorar la segu-
ridad en conexi6n con el programa
de evaluaci6n de seguridad de la
Un proyecto aparte es la
remodelaci6n de la cafeteria en el
s6tano del edificio para mejorar
el ambiente del area. El cierre
programado de clubes para ofi-
ciales militares estadounidenses,
que han sido alternativas para el
almuerzo de algunos empleados
de la Comisi6n, ofreci6 un
incentivo adicional para mejorar
la cafeteria de la Comisi6n.
Supervisado por la admi-

nistradora de proyectos, Lily
Smith, el trabajo se realiza bajo
contrato con Kunkel-Wiese. El
equipo, muebles, materiales,
decoraci6n y sistema de sonido
los proporcionardn 10 firmas
pequefias de contratistas. El
disefio del proyecto lo prepar6 la
arquitecta de la Oficina de
Instalaciones, Elyna Cascante.
Iniciado en julio, el trabajo se
program6 para terminarse el 4 de
septiembre, para que la nueva
cafeteria estuviera lista para los
visitantes que asistirdn al
Congreso Universal del Canal de
Dora Zarak, quien opera la
cafeteria del Instituto de Investi-
gaciones Tropicales Smithsonian,
gan6 la concesi6n para la cafeteria
de la Comisi6n a trav6s de una
licitaci6n en la cual se ponder6
mds la calidad de la comida y los
precios. Zarak, quien ha estado
ofreciendo las ultimas semanas
un meni limitado para llevar,
ofrecerd servicio completo cuando
la cafeteria abra nuevamente.
Los proyectos que se realizan
actualmente en el Edificio de
Administraci6n estdn disefiados
para ofrecer protecci6n adicional
a los empleados y propiedades de
la Comisi6n, promover la efi-
ciencia, elevar la moral y mejorar
la imagen corporativa de la

Administration Building today El Edificio de Administracidn hoy
A modem, aerial view of the Administration Building shows the "E" shape Una vista area y moderna del Edificio de Administraci6n, muestra el diseho
design ofthis imposing structure as it stands atop a hill overlooking the enforma de "E" de esta imponente estructura que se levanta sobre un cerro
monument of Chief Canal Engineer George W. Goethals and the townsite que mira hacia el monumento al Ingeniero Jefe del Canal, George W.
of Balboa. The building opened on July 15, 1914, just one month before the Goethals, y elpoblado de Balboa. El edificiofue inaugurado el 15 dejulio
official opening of the Panama Canal. de 1914, sdlo un mes antes de la apertura oficial del Canal de Panamd.

E Canal de Panamr 83 aios
Transito inaugural que marco
la apertura oficial del Canal,
d TOTFO Esclusas de Miraflores,
d progre o 15 de agosto de 1914.


VO A"1 7AV 15- .o

s enreiV 15 de agosto 7

V l XXXV No 17

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viemes 15 de agosto de 1997

Programa televisivo mensual resalta importancia del Canal de Panama

"El programa es una ventana del Canal de Panamai

para ilustrar el gran valor de la via acuatica".

Por Teresa Arosemena
Hace casi un afio, se concibi6 la idea de
ofrecer informaci6n al pdblico sobre los
esfuerzos de laComisi6n del Canal de Panama
para la transici6n, a trav6s de un programa
televisivo de 30 minutos. El Administrador
de laComisi6n del Canal de Panama, Alberto
Aleman Zubieta, apoy6 la idea para no s6lo
educar al pdblico sobre la transici6n del
Canal, sino tambi6n para presentar aspectos
relacionados con la administraci6n y opera-
ci6n del Canal; mostrando la importancia del
Canal ahora que nos acercamos al 31 de di-
ciembre de 1999, fecha en que el Canal de
Panama se transferring a la Repdblica de Pana-
ma; y las responsabilidades que esto conlleva
para los panamefios. El programa, "Panama:
Un Canal en Transici6n", es concebido,
disefiado y producido por el Ramo de Artes
Graficas de la Oficina de Relaciones Piblicas.
Dado que el tema general del programa
televisivo de 30 minutos es la transici6n de la
via acuatica en Panama, este cubre una

El hecho que la transferencia
ordenada del Canal
requiere de la contribuci6n
de todo tipo de ocupaciones
se resalta en el segmento
"Gente del Canal".

variedad de temas. Una tarea desafiante para
los encargadosdelaproducci6n del programa
es escoger entre la gran cantidad de
posibilidades. Los temas de los diez
programas producidos hasta ahora han
incluido la propuesta para el aumento de los

peajes del Canal, la aprobaci6n de la Ley
Organicade laAutoridad del Canal, proyectos
significativos de mejoras y moderizaci6n,
beneficios del Canal alaeconomiade Panamd,
la administraci6n y control del agua del Ca-
nal, la fuerza laboral canalera y muchos otros.
El 1ltimo programa resalt6 el mantenimiento
como la clave para la operaci6n exitosa del
Producido en estilo "revista", el programa
se divide en los siguientes segmentos:
"Honrando el Pasado", "Gente del Canal",
"Modernizaci6n", "Este Mes en el Canal", y
el "Reportaje". El iltimo constituye el tema
principal del programa. ElJefede Producci6n
Audiovisual del Ramo de Artes Grdficas,
Sacramento Castillo, explica que el programa
cubre las operaciones del Canal de tal forma
que la audiencia pueda aprender sobre ellas.
"El programa es una ventana del Canal de
Panama para ilustrar el gran valor de la via
acuatica", agrega.
En el segmento "Gente del Canal" se
enfatiza el hecho de que la transici6n ordenada
del Canal requiere de la contribuci6n de todo
tipo de ocupaciones. Al explicar que este
segmento destaca a empleados y sus logros,
Castillo dice: "Resaltamos a los individuos
para enviar a la juventud el mensaje de que
ellos tambi6n pueden prepararse para trabajar
en el Canal".
El segmento "Honrando el Pasado", que
se presenta al final del programa, ofrece un
vistazoalahistoriadel Canal. Castillocomenta
que "Mucha gente se identifica con el pasado,
asi que tratamos de mostrar algdn incidente
curioso con el pietaje hist6rico disponible".
Otro segmento, "Este Mes en el Canal", mues-
tra reportajes cortos sobre los dltimos aconte-
cimientos en el Canal de Panama, incluyendo
visitas de personalidades locales e interna-
cionales y trabajos de mejoras al Canal.
El personal de producci6n del programa

Panama: Un Canal en Transicidn Foto por Jaime Yau
El especialista de produccidn audiovisual, Roger A. Guerra, derecha, dirige a los miembros
del equipo de producci6n de "Panamd: Un Canal en Transicidn", durante lafilmaci6n de un
segmento del programa de 30 minutos de este mes en Las Bdvedas. El programa mensual es
producido en su totalidad por personal del Ramo de Artes Grdficas. Desde la izquierda estdn,
el estudiante Eric Allen, sosteniendo un reflector; un modelo no identificado con un diario de
1914; el especialista de produccidn audiovisual, Orlando O'Meally, filmando; y Guerra.

trabaja con un horario estricto. El redactor de
la Oficina de Relaciones Plblicas, Joaquin
Horna, encargado de escribir el gui6n del pro-
grama, explica el compromiso que tiene laofi-
cina con las estaciones de televisi6n que trans-
mitenelprograma. "Sielprogramanoestalisto
a tiempo, perdemos credibilidad", dice.
"Panama: Un Canal en Transici6n" esta
siendo transmitido por los canales locales 5
y 11, por TVN Chiriquf, en la provincia de
Chiriquf, y porBKAT (Brooklyn Community
Access Television), una estaci6n de
televisi6n de Brooklyn, Nueva York, dirigida
a la comunidad hispana de Nueva York, que
incluye apanamefios. En t6rminos del futuro,

el Ramo de Artes Graficas de la Oficina de
Relaciones Pdblicas esta trabajando para
ubicarelprograma en estaciones comerciales,
local e internacionalmente. Castillo explica
que han contactado aCadena Sur, una cadena
de televisi6n latinoamericana que ha
mostrado gran interns en transmitir el
programa, ya que el comercio de muchos
pauses latinoamericanos depende del Canal.
"Queremos que la mayor cantidad de gente
posible vea el programa", agrega.
El pr6ximo programa sera transmitido a
fines de agosto e incluird el Congreso Uni-
versal del Canal de Panama y el 83o. aniver-
sario del Canal.

Analista financiero presenta informe a junta de seguro

LaJuntade Seguro de Grupo del Area del Canalde Panama se
reuni6recientementeen el CentrodeAdiestramientodel Canal de
Panama para recibir una actualizaci6n del Dr. Manuel Escobar,
reconocido consultor y analista financiero certificado de la firma
Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, cuyos servicios se contrataron el
afio pasado para implementar un programa de inversiones que
aumentara el fondo de reserva de seguros de vida de la junta.
Hace un afio, lajunta decidi6 implementar un programa de
inversiones que le permitiera aprovechar al maximo las
oportunidades de inversi6n ofrecidas por el mercado fijo de
utilidades de los Estados Unidos. Con la consultoria del Dr.
Escobar, se invirtieron los $12 millones del fondo en valores de

Analizando ganancias
Miembros de la Junta de
Seguro de Grupo del Area del
Canal se relinen con el Dr.
Manuel Escobar, consultor y
analista financiero certificado
de la firma Morgan Stanley
Dean Witter, para escuchar una
actualizacidn del programa de
inversiones implementado el
aio pasado para aumentar el
fondo de reserva del grupo.
Desde la izquierda estdn el
Presidente de la Junta, Walter -,
Bottin; Escobar; el Vicepresi-
dente, Julio Cisneros, y los
representantes Jacinto Holness,
George Brathwaite, Robert
Urquhart y Jose Claus.

laTesorerfadelos EstadosUnidos,deAgencia, Corporativos
e Hipotecarios, con el prop6sito de aumentar al miximo las
devoluciones de inversion. A trav6s de esa transacci6n, la
junta pudo alcanzar una ganancia de $1,000,000, sobre-
pasando su ganacia objetivo del 8 por ciento, y aumentando
el fondo de $12 millones a $13 millones.
Durante la reuni6n, el Dr. Escobar tambi6n resalt6 la
s61ida calidad de cr6dito del portafolio de inversiones de
lajunta, ehizo una presentaci6n sobre laperspectivafutura
de la tasa de interns y c6mo lajunta podria aprovechar las
oportunidades actuales de inversi6n dentro de sus polfticas,
para continuar aumentando sus ganancias de inversi6n.

Foto por Jaime Yau

Pagina 2

Cumpleafios No. 83 Foto por Jaime Yau
Nacido el 7 de agosto de 1914, una semana antes de la
apertura del Canal, el Especialista de Administraci6n
de Inventarios de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd,
CecilHaynes, celebrasu 83o. aniversariojuntoa colegas
y amigos del Ramo de Administraci6n de Inventarios de
la Division de Apoyo Logistico. Haynes es el empleado
mds viejo y con mds aiios de servicio de la Comisidn. Ha
trabajado con el Canal de Panamd por 69 ahos.

- -~ -"----~I -~-~II--~- -~-~-- -~-~ -~-~-------

------------- ---- I

Viemes 15 de arosto de 1997

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Periodistas y estudiantes

asisten a seminario en el Canal

Mis de 90 periodistas y estudiantes de
periodismoen afios avanzados detodoPanama,
asistieron al seminario de un dia titulado "El
Canal de Panama y la Transici6n". Realizado
el 8 de agosto en el centro de visitantes de las
Esclusas de Miraflores, el seminario fue
organizado por la Oficina de Relaciones
Pdblicas como medio efectivo para diseminar
informaci6n actualizada sobre el Canal de
Panama y el proceso de transici6n.
Los participantes del seminario fueron
recibidos por el Administrador de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama, Alberto Aleman Zubieta,
quien luego se dirigi6 al grupo con su visi6n del
Canal de Pananm en el siglo 21. Durante su
presentaci6n explic6, entre otras cosas, los
objetivos del proceso de la transici6n, que
incluye mantener el Canal, proporcionar una
fuerzalaboral adiestrada y confiable, desarrollar
el marco legal necesario para lograr el traspaso
ordenado de la via acuatica a la Reptiblica de
Panama y asegurar la capacidad continua del
en los afios venideros, asi como el enfoque mds
amplio de integrar al Canal a la estrategia
econ6mica de Panama de desarrollar el pafs
como centro importante del comercio
El Administrador explic6 los actuales
proyectos de mejoras al Canal, incluyendo el
programa de ensanche del Corte Gaillard, la
compra de remolcadores y locomotoras de las
esclusas adicionales, el reemplazo de los rieles

de locomotoras, el mejoramiento del equipo de
control de las esclusas del Canal y el renovado
sistema de administraci6n de trafico de naves,
todo lo cual se combina para maximizar la
capacidad y eficiencia en el trifico de naves.
Tambi6n expuso el plan propuesto para un
futuro tercer juego de esclusas disefiado para
manejar buques mds grandes. "El Canal debe
continuarsiendoconfiable, seguro y eficiente",
resalt6. Aleman Zubieta destac6 el aumento
claves y en el grupo administrativo del Canal,
con un 68 porciento depanamefios actualmente.
Tambi6n sefial6 que el 92 por ciento de los
empleados permanentes del Canal son
panamefios. Exhort6 a los panamefios a
entender que Panama esta de hecho preparada
fisicamente para asumir la responsabilidad de
la administraci6n de la via acuitica el 31 de
diciembre de 1999.
Otros expositores en el seminario para
periodistas fueron el Jefe de la Divisi6n de
Planificaci6n para la Transici6n, Rodolfo
Sabonge, y el Asistente Administrativo del
Administrador, Jaime Bocanegra, quienes
trataron temas de la transici6n, mientras que
para la Transferencia del Canal, habl6 sobre
los esfuerzos del gobierno panamefio para la
transici6n. El Director de Personal, George
Mercier, hizo una presentaci6n sobre los
recursos humanos como elemento clave para
la operaci6n del Canal. El Oficial de Control

Seminario para periodistas Foto por Jaime Yau
ElAdministradorAlbertoAlemdn Zubieta explica aperiodistasy estudiantes su visi6n del Canal
de Panamd en el siglo 21, durante un seminario de un dia titulado "El Canal de Panamd y la
Transicin ", que se realize en el centro de visitantes de las Esclusas de Miraflores el 8 de agosto.

Ambiental y Energia, Juan H. Diaz, habl6
sobre el medioambiente y la cuenca del Canal
y el Director Asociado de Relaciones Piblicas,
Franklin D. Castrell6n, present6 a los
periodistas los programas de informaci6n y
relaciones pliblicas del Canal.
Fernando Manfredo, Jr., presidente del
Comit6 Organizador del Congreso Universal
del Canal de Panama y exsubadministrador de
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, disert6
sobre la organizaci6n e importancia del
Congreso Universal. Otros expositores de la
Comisi6n fueron Freddy Chen, de la Unidad

de Seguridad Maritima, quien hizo una
presentaci6n sobre el transporte de carga
peligrosa a trav6s del Canal; la Subdirectora de
Relaciones Industriales, Clarita Smith, quien
habl6 sobre las relaciones industriales en el
Canal; y la Jefa del Ramo de Compras y
Contratos de la Divisi6n de Apoyo Logistico,
Luz M. de Pinz6n, quien habl6 sobre el sistema
de compras de la Comisi6n.
El Director Asociado de la Oficina de
Desarrollo de Recursos Humanos, Mario A.
Rodriguez, clausur6 el evento y present6 los
certificados de participaci6n.

Nombran a Wong como Jefe de Informaci6n

Por Teresa Arosemena
Jacinto Wong fue nombrado Jefe de
Informaci6n de la Oficina de Administraci6n
de Informaci6n de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama el 16 dejulio. Wong, Subjefe interino
de Informaci6n, habia estado ocupando la
posici6n de Jefe Interino de Informaci6n desde
enero. La Oficina de Administraci6n de
Informaci6n es una oficina a nivel de direcci6n
que comenz6 sus operaciones respondiendo a
la necesidad de tener una sola fuente para la
planificaci6n de tecnologfa de la informaci6n
y apoyo al usuario para mejorar la eficiencia.
Egresado de la Universidad de California
en Berkeley, Wong estudi6 una doble carrera
en Ingenierfa Electr6nica y Ciencias Compu-
tacionales yCienciadeMateriales e Ingenieria.
Wong comenz6 su carrera en la agencia del
Canal de Panama en 1978 como hidr6logo,
pero antes habia trabajado como ayudante
estudiantil en la Divisi6n de Operaciones de
Transito. Luego de varios ailos con el Ramo de
Meteorologia e Hidrografia, fue nombrado

temporalmente Jefe Asistente del Ramo de
Comunicaciones. "La intenci6n original fue
un relevo temporal, pero nunca regres6 a mi
trabajo anterior", dice Wong.
Algo que resalta en su carrera, dice Wong,
simultAneamente. Explicaquecuandoel Ramo
de Comunicaciones se dividi6 en los ramos de
Comunicaci6n y Electr6nica, fue nombrado
ingeniero electr6nico del iltimo y coordinador
de automatizaci6n de oficina de la Direcci6n
de Ingenieria y Construcci6n. Mas tarde, dice,
fue nombrado en un tercer puesto tem-
poralmente, como ingeniero electr6nico del
Ramo de Comunicaciones.
Luego de varios afios, Wong fue transferido
a la Divisi6n de Protecci6n del Canal como
JefeAsistenteencargado. Mastardeseconvirti6
en Jefe de Protecci6n del Canal, puesto que
ocup6 durante dos afios.
Sobre su nombramiento como Jefe de
Informaci6n, Wong dice: "Cada posici6n trae
sus propios retos. Cada cambio requiere una

visi6n nueva de las cosas". Wong dice que en
los pr6ximos dos afios su proyecto principal
como Jefe de Informaci6n seri mejorar todos
los sistemas de informaci6n de la Comisi6n.
Explica que la Oficina de Administraci6n de
Informaci6n estA cambiando en casi todos sus
aspectos. "Antes solia consistir en guardar
y distribuir informaci6n para ayudar a los
gerentes y personal de campo a tomar mejores
decisiones", dice.
Wong elogia a su personal, y dice que
puede confiar en ellos siempre para cumplir
con los objetivos de laoficinay de laComisi6n.
Wong tambi6n cuenta con una familia que lo 1
apoya, que incluye a su esposa, Lori Ann, y a
sus cuatro hijos, Gabriel, Daniel, Joana y
Eduardo. Jacinto Wong

Realizan reacondicionamiento en

esclusas de Miraflores y Gatun

A menos de un mes de haber completado
reacondicionamientos simultaneos en las
esclusas de Miraflores y Gatln, la Comisi6n del
Canal inici6 otro esfuerzo de mantenimiento en
ambas esclusas el 11 de agosto. Un cierre
simultdneode 10diasenlaviaestedeMiraflores
y laviaoeste de Gatin permite al personal de las
e Industrial desempefiar trabajos para mantener
mecanismos y maquinarias de las esclusas en
6ptimas condiciones.
En las Esclusas de Miraflores, cuadrillas
trabajanenlascompuertas 112y 113,incluyendo
el reemplazo deplacas yr6tulas de cufas huecas,
la construcci6n de una nueva batiente, el
aislamiento de los yugos y la instalaci6n de
vortices de caucho. Tambi6n se realiza el
reemplazo de 650 pies de rieles de locomotora,
que incluye una inclinaci6n, inspecci6n e
instalaci6n de sistemas de protecci6n cat6dica,
reemplazo desecciones de riel removibles sobre
cuatro compuertas, e inspecci6na, limpieza y

reparaci6n de otras compuertas, vilvulas de
vastago ascendente y alcantarillas.
En las Esclusas de Gatdn, cuadrillas
aprovechan el cierre de via para remover placas
de cuiias huecas y la batiente de las compuertas
35 y 36, limpiar el asiento de la compuerta
flotante y reparar la mampara de descarga como
preparativos para el reacondicionamiento en
camara seca, queserealizar~del22deseptiembre
al lo. de octubre. Las cuadrillas tambi6n estAn
reparando los rieles y reemplazando el brazo
hidrdulico de la compuerta del puente 4.
Operaciones de relevo de doble alcantarilla
se realizaran en la via oeste de las Esclusas de
Mirafloresparadisminuiral minimoel impacto
del trabajo en el trafico durante el cierre de via.
En las Esclusas de Gatdn, operaciones de
relevo de doble alcantarilla se realizardn en la
via este, excepto por tres dias durante la
reparaci6n del asiento de la compuerta flotante
y la mampara de descarga, cuando se realizaran
operaciones de una sola alcantarilla.

Pagina 3

los rieles

Empleados de la
Division de
reemplazan 650 pies
de rieles de
remolque, incluyendo
la inclinaci6n, como
parte del actual
en las Esclusas de

Foto por Amiando De Gracia

____~~__ V __ ____

_ __ __ I____

Spillway del Canal de Panami

Viemes 15 de agosto de 1997

iFeliz Cumpleafios!

Los siguientes empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd celebran
su cumpleafios el 15 de agosto, el dia del aniversario de la apertura del Canal
de Panamd al comercio mundial. El personal del Spillway los felicita en su dia.

Acosta, Everardo
Araya E., Jorge E.
Arguelles C. Oldemar
Avila B., Alberto
Avila R., Arulfo R.
Banque, Magdaleno
Barrios, Denia M.

Brown B., Luciano
Burgos R., Jos6 G.
Ceballos G., Cdsar A.

Centeno B., Arulfo
Chung M., Alberto
Claus, Jos6 A.
Colteryahn, Ver6nica L.
Daniels F., Alfredo L.
Del Cid S., Aristides
Farquiharson J., Luis C.
G6mez M., Mario
GonzAlez P. Ascensi6n

Grant T., Roberto J.
Illescas P., Patricia L.
Klinger P., Julio A.

Loaiza T., Eric D.
Manuel C., Lesbia E.
McDonald E., Jorge L.
Melo B., Arnulfo
Meyer M. Erwin
Mufioz C., Abdiel G.
Peralta M., Leonel A.
Pinz6n H., Martin A.
Ramos T., Marco N.
Rivera, Marcos A.
Rodriguez C., Roquelino
Smith, Rodolfo T.
Stankovic I., Radislav
Torres G., Hemrnn H.
Vidal G., Luis A.

Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Atlantico
Divisi6n Industrial, Producci6n/Planificaci6n
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Pacifico
Divisi6n de Dragado
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Atlintico
Divisi6n de Mantenimiento
Divisi6n de Apoyo Logistico, Ramo de
Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal
Divisi6n de Practicos
Divisi6n El6ctrica, Ramo de Electricidad
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Pacifico
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Pacifico
Divisi6n de Contabilidad, Ramo de Planillas
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Pacifico
Divisi6n de Transporte Motorizado
Divisi6n Industrial, Ramo de Ingenieria
Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal
Divisi6n de Dragado, Ramo de Reparaciones
Divisi6n de Mantenimiento, Ramo de
Mantenimiento Interior
Unidad de Adiestramiento Maritimo
Divisi6n de Esclusas
Divisi6n de Ingenieria, Ramo de Levantamiento
Topogrifico y Mapas
Divisi6n El6ctrica, Electricidad Exterior
Divisi6n de Dragado, Ramo de Apoyo
Divisi6n Industrial, Ramo de Ingenieria
Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal
Divisi6n de Esclusas/Ramo Pacifico
Divisi6n El6ctrica, Ramo de Potencia
Divisi6n Industrial, Producci6n/Planificaci6n
Divisi6n Industrial, Producci6n/Planificaci6n
Direcci6n de Marina
Divisi6n de Protecci6n del Canal
Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal
Divisi6n de Construcci6n
Divisi6n Industrial
Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal
Divisi6n de Dragado, Ramo de Reparaciones

Fiebre del dengue continula propagAndose;

infectados empleada del Canal ysu hijo

Las personas que contraen
dengue adquieren el virus a trav6s
de la picada de un mosquitoAedes
aegypti infectado. Luego de unos
cinco dias, el virus del dengue
comienza a apoderarse del cuerpo.
La fiebre del dengue afecta
actualmente a mucha gente en la
Repdblica de Panama y
recientemente se afiadieron a la
lista de los que la han contraido,
una empleada de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama y su hijo.
Los sfntomas de la empleada
comenzaron un lunes a principios
de julio y aunque se sentia mal,
no quiso faltar al trabajo y fue a
su oficina ese dia. Sus sintomas
inclufan dolor de cabeza, fiebre
alta y mucha transpiraci6n. "Me
dolian muchisimo los rifiones,
manos y coyunturas, y temblaba
de la fiebre", dice. Cuando fue al
doctor, le diagnosticaron
problemas de los rifiones, de lo
cual habia sufrido anteriormente.
Segiin la empleada, el peor
sintoma fue sentir como si "se le
fueran a salir los ojos".
Desafortunadamente, la empleada
no le mencion6 esto al doctor.
Dos dias pasaron y ella ain
pensaba que tenia problemas en
los rifiones. Sin embargo, las

costosas inyecciones y pastillas
que le habian recetado no hacian
ningun efecto a su condici6n,
por lo que decidi6 visitar al doc-
tor nuevamente. En esta oca-
si6n, el doctor not6 la inflama-
ci6n de los ganglios, y esta vez
ella le cont6 sobre la dolorosa
inflamaci6n en sus ojos.
Examenes adicionales de la-
boratorio confirmaron que tenia
dengue. Dos dias despu6s de
que su enfermedad comenz6, su
hijo tuvo sfntomas similares y
tambidn fue diagnosticado con
Segdn la empleada de la
Comisi6n, el doctor le explic6
que los mosquitos Aedes aegypti
pican en el dia dentro de la casa,
pero pueden estar mas activos
temprano en la mafiana y durante
la puesta del sol. Ademas, se
reproducen usualmente en agua
limpia utilizada para oficios de la
casa, o en contenedores y
desechos cerca o dentro de las
viviendas. Luego de recuperarse
un poco, la empleada se enter6
que inspectores del Ministerio de
Salud de Panama habian
encontrado criaderos de Aedes
aegypti en casas cercanas
semanas antes de su enfermedad.

La empleada exhorta a todos a
unirse con sus vecinos para
mantenerlas casas y comunidades
limpias y asf eliminar los criaderos
del mosquito y evitar convertirse
en victims de esta enfermedad.
Los sfntomas del dengue
incluyen un ataque repentino de
gripe, fiebre alta, dolor de cabeza
con dolor detras de los ojos,
dolores severos en las coyunturas
y mdsculos, nauseas y v6mitos,
brotes en la piel y a veces, sabor
amargo en la boca. Cualquier
persona que sufra de una
combinaci6n de estos sfntomas
debe acudir a un m6dico

Ramo ofrece nueva clase de boxeo aer6bico

Una nueva clase de aer6bicos
atrae a un gran nimero deempleados
y dependientes de la Comisi6n del
Canal al Centro Deportivo de Diablo
del Ramoparael Acondicionamiento
Fisico del Empleado. La clase,
denominada boxeo aer6bico, mezcla
una rutina de aer6bicos con t6cnicas
intensivas utilizadas en el entrena-
miento deboxeadores profesionales.
La instructora de aer6bicos
certificada, Dra. M6nica Escobedo
de Anguizola, ensefia la clase de una
hora de 5:45 a 6:45 todos los
mi6rcoles en Diablo. Durante las
rutinas, los estudiantes aprenden a

combinar tkcnicas de respiraci6n y
movimientos del cuerpo para
producir un efecto intenso en los
sistemas cardiovascular, neurovas-
cular, muscular y pulmonar, para
lograr una tonificaci6n completa del
cuerpo. La clase comienza con un
calentamiento y ejercicios de
estiramiento y continda con una serie
de ejercicios que incluyen ponerse
los guantes para pegarle a almoha-
dillas y practicar patadas altas.
El boxeo aer6bico existe desde la
6poca del boxeador profesional
Rocky Marciano, pero se ha popula-
rizado en los Estados Unidos desde

1992. Hoy en dia, personajes como
el excampe6n mundial de boxeo,
SugarRay Leonard, lamodelo Kathy
Smith, y el comentador deportivo,
Jimmy Lennon, Jr., lo han hecho adn
mas popular, apareciendo en videos
comerciales quepromueven t6cnicas
de boxeo aer6bico.
Certificada por la Aerobics and
Fitness Association of America,
Anguizola fue entrenada por los
reconocidos instructores locales de
boxeo, Antonio Gonzdlez y Aroldo
Jolly, certificados tambi6n por la
Aerobics and Fitness Association of

Dando su mejor golpe Foto por Roberto Vaca
Carmen Lucas, esposa del Subasesor Juridico, Theodore Lucas, golpea las
almohadillasde entrenamiento que sostiene la instructora de boxeo aerdbico,
Mdnica Escobedo de Anguizola, mientras su esposo espera su turno.

Fen6meno atmosferico es culpable de cambios en el clima

Por Yira A. Flores
iSe ha preguntado qu6 ha esta-
do causando el actual y a veces
insoportable calor en Panama?
Bueno, aunque al fen6meno se le
ha dado un nombre que lo podria
hacer parecer particularmente
pequefio, el fen6meno de "El Nifio"
afecta a gran parte del mundo en
formas severas. Un evento climato-
16gico que se cree ocurre de forma
irregular cada dos a siete ailos sin
un patr6n distinguible y que dura
de 12 a 18 meses, "El Nifio" es una
hacia el sur a lo largo de la costa de
Ecuador y Peru y esta asociada con
el calentamiento de la superficie
En afios normales, los vientos
alisios tienden a soplar de este a
oeste a trav6s de las aguas costeras
del Pacifico este. Estos vientos
tienden a arrastrar las aguas

superficiales en direcci6n oeste a
trav6s del oc6ano. Asi, las aguas
profundas y mas frias suben a la
superficie. Estas aguas traen
consigo los nutrientes que de otra
manera se quedarian en el fondo
del oc6ano, y de los cuales la
poblaci6n de peces que vive en las
aguas superficiales depende para
Por otro lado, cuando ocurre el
fen6meno, los vientos alisios del
oeste se debilitan, y detienen el
ascenso de las aguas profundas. El
consecuente calentamiento de la
supericie del oc6ano debilita adn
mas los vientos alisios y dan fuerza
a "El Nifio". Sin el ascenso de las
aguas profundas, los nutrientes del
fondo del mar no estan disponibles.
Esto marca el fin de la industria
pesquera hasta el retorno de con-
diciones normales.
La corriente de "El Nifio" tiene

consecuencias considerables para
el clima mundial. Entre estas
consecuencias estan el aumento de
lluvias a trav6s del sur de los
Estados Unidos y en Peri, lo cual
ha causado diversas inundaciones
destructivas, y sequiaen el Pacifico
oeste, a veces asociada con los
incendios forestales en Australia.
Las temperaturas del agua au-
mentan varios grados en el Pacifico
Este, mientras que Europa sufre
veranos muy ligeros con escasas
muestras de calor. Tambi6n se
piensa que "El Niflo" esti asociado
con los cambios extremos en el clima
de los Estados Unidos. De hecho,
el fen6meno ha sido relacionado
hasta con los monzones en otras
partes del mundo.
En Panama, mientras los rios y
pozos subterrineos en las pro-
vincias centrales se secan causando
p6rdidas a la agricultura y la

ganaderfa, fuertes lluvias con
vientos huracanados afectan es-
poradicamente a las ciudades de
Panama y Col6n.
Debido a que se conoce poco
sobre "El Nifio", es muy dificil
predecirlo. Sin embargo, los
cientificos saben que el elemento
clave del fen6meno es la interac-
ci6n entre los vientos en la atm6s-
feray la superficie del mar. Sin esta
interacci6n entre aire y mar no
habria "El Nifio". Aprovechando
las observaciones de los satl6ites
climatol6gicos que mantiene la
Administraci6n Nacional Ocedni-
ca y Atmosf6rica, los cientificos
han podido seguir los patrones
cambiantes de las temperaturas de
la superficie del mar. Se ha
observado a las piscinas de aguas
termales, que normalmente se
encuentran en las aguas del oeste
del Pacifico, moverse hacia el este

en direcci6n de la costa oeste de
Se han realizado extensas
investigaciones, aunque adn hay
mucho por hacer en la predicci6n
del clima. Animados por el
progreso de la d6cada pasada,
cientificos y los gobiernos de
muchos pauses trabajan con-
juntamente para disefiar y construir
un sistema global que les permita
observar los oc6anos tropicales y
predecir "El Niflo" y otros ritmos
climaticos irregulares. La habili-
dad de anticipar los cambios del
clima de un afio al siguiente llevara
a una mejor administraci6n de la
agricultura,elsuministro de agua,
la pesca y otros recursos. Al
incorporar las predicciones cli-
matol6gicas en las decisiones
administrativas, la humanidad se
adaptara mejor a los ritmos irre-
gulares del clima.

Pigina 4

Viemes 15 de agosto de 1997

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Record del Canal informa sobre eventos ocurridos en agosto de 1914

El Rcorddel Canalde Panamd
report6 las siguientes actividades
que se realizaron durante agosto
de 1914, el mes en que el Canal de
Panamd abrid sus puertas al
comercio mundial:

El primer buque extranjero, el
Daldorch, transit6 el Canal el 22 de
agosto, cargado con 11,500 tonela-
das de trigo. Rumbo a Limerick,
Irlanda, la nave habia salido de
Tacoma, Washington: "el dia que se
En el camino, un mensaje por radio
recomend6 al capitAn usar el Canal
reci6n abierto en lugar de la ruta
planeada alrededor de Suram6rica,
ahorrando asi aproximadamente 40
dias de viaje.
rn rl
Se report6 que se recolect6 un
gran total de$7,658.40en peajes del
Canal durante el mes de julio de
en Crist6bal. Los ingresos por
pilotaje en Balboa sumaron $332 y
$1,240 en Crist6bal, para un total de
$1,572, Ilevando los ingresos del
Canal a $9,230.40 ese mes.
Las oficinas administrativas en
Anc6n, Culebra y Emperador co-
menzaron a mudarse al nuevo Edi-
ficio de Administraci6n en Altos de
El trabajo de medir las naves
para transitar el Canal progresaba.
El Record del Canal sefiala: "Dos
oficialesdelaArmada, uncarpintero
y un mecAnico tornero han sido
empleados como arqueadores".
El 10 de agosto se cumpli6 el
noveno mes de operaciones de la fi-
brica productora de bloques de con-
creto en Corozal para laconstrucci6n
de edificios del Canal. Con turnos
diurnos y nocturnos, la fAbrica habia
producidomAsde 100,000bloques al
mes durante esa dpoca.
ng n
Se seleccionaron los nombres
"Gorgona" y "Tabernilla" para los
dos remolcadores nuevos que

construye la Staten Island Shipbuild-
ing Company. Los remolcadores lie-
van el nombre de dos poblados im-
portantes de la era de construcci6n
que fueron abandonados al llenarse
el Lago Gatdn.

"No hay mis trabajo en el Canal
de Panama" fue lo que se pidi6 que
dijeran los representantes consu-
lares estadounidenses en las
Una compafifade Nueva Orleans
gan6 el contrato para proporcionar
300,000 libras de paja de arroz para
los corrales del Canal de Panami. El
costo total fue de $2,092.50.
El vapor Cristdbal realiz6 un
viaje de prueba por el Canal de
Crist6bal a Balboa, el lunes 3 de
agosto, regresando el martes 4 de
agosto. El Crist6bal era el barco
gemelo del Anc6n, que hizo el
transito inaugural el 15 de agosto.
Todo sali6 bien en el trinsito del
Cristdbal, excepto por algunos
problemas menores con las loco-
motoras de las esclusas en Gatdn y
Pedro Miguel. El Cristdbal sali6
del Muelle 9 en Crist6bal, justo
despu6s de las 7 a.m., llegando a
Balboa alrededor de las 6:30 p.m.

El decreto ejecutivo 1990, fe-
chadoel 5 deagostode 1914, firmado
porel Presidente Woodrow Wilson,
estableci6 las normas y requisitos
para la operaci6n y navegaci6n en el
Canal de Panama y sus aproxi-
maciones, y en todas las aguas bajo
jurisdicci6n del Canal. Los 201 pun-
tos listados incluyen requisitos
generales y las reglas de navegaci6n
y movimientos de naves, trdnsitos y
preparativos del Canal, comuni-
caciones y reportes por radio,
accidentes y defectos, armas, abas-
tos paraprActicos, equipo, reclamos,
arqueo de naves y ayudas a la
Se realizaron viajes de prueba
adicionalesenel Canal, queresultaron
en mejores operaciones en las

Viaje de prueba
En estafoto del 9 de agosto de 1914, se observa al vapor "Advance" llegando a las Esclusas de Pedro Miguel
durante un viaje de prueba por el Canal de Panamd antes de su apertura oficial.

esclusas y menor tiempo de trinsito.
El 9 de agosto, el Advance sali6 de
Crist6bal, atraves6 las Esclusas de
Miraflores y volvi6 a Gatin el mismo
dia, transitando de vuelta por las
Esclusas de Gatin a la mafiana
siguiente. El Panamd transit6 el 11
de agosto de manera similar. Por
invitaci6n del gobernador, ambas
naves levaron a antiguos empleados
y a sus familias como pasajeros. El
Ancdn, programado para hacer el
trdnsito inaugural del Canal, llevaria
carga a Balboa, donde seria trans-
ferida para enviarla a puertos en el
Pacifico norte y sur.
Ya que en Balboa o cerca del
Edificio de Administraci6n no se
permitian tranvias o rieles de ferro-
carril ademas de los que ya estaban
puestos, tres buses de motor fueron
pedidos porel Ferrocarril de Panami

para llevar pasajeros entre los
poblados de Anc6n, Balboa y Al-
tos de Balboa. Se pensaba que los
buses se parecerian alos de laQuinta
AvenidaenNuevaYork. Operando
en un horario regular, funcionarian
entre el Hospital Anc6n, el Hotel
Tivoli y otros sitios en Balboa y en
Altos de Balboa.
El Instituto Americano de Inge-
nierosEl1ctricos sereuni6 alas 9 am.
del 23 de agosto en el nuevo Edificio
de Administraci6n. Un articulo titu-
lado "El Sistema de Distribuci6n de
Pueblos Permanentes" fueel temade
la presentaci6n, seguido por una bre-
ve charla sobre el lado practice de la
construcci6n de lineas de conducto.
La reuni6n estuvo seguida por una
gira rapida del Edificio de Admi-
Se completaron las fundaciones
para una estaci6n de bomberos per-
manente, a construirse cerca del ex-
tremo este del Prado, bajando del
Edificio de Administraci6n.
El Coronel George W. Goethals
avis6 a losjefes de departamento y

a las divisiones de que no habria
autorizaci6n para tiempo adminis-
trativo para los empleados invita-
dos por 61 a transitar el Canal. El
Hubo una lluvia inusualmente
fuerte en Gatin la tarde del 12 de
agosto. La precipitaci6n mis fuerte
en una hora fue de 4.72 pulgadas
entre3:45y4:45p.m. Lalluviacaus6
varios derrumbes y un desastre en
el Ferrocarril de Panamb. En el
derrumbe, la "orilla cay6 al lago,
dejando un espacio de 15 pies de
profundidad, con rieles suspen-
didos en el aire sobre el agua". Los
trabajos de reparaci6n se iniciaron
de inmediato, y la via estaba lista
para que el tren lausara alas 3:35 de
la mafiana siguiente.

Aquellos interesados en el de-
porte del motociclismo fueron
invitados a reunirse en la posada de
Anc6n el domingo, 23 de agosto,
con el prop6sito de organizar un
club istmico de motocicletas y "arre-
glar los detalles" para el evento del
Dia del Trabajo el 7 de septiembre.

Primera nave en cruzar Esclusas de Gat~dn
Empleados se retnen en los muros a ambos lados de las esclusas para observar al remolcador "Gatiun" entrar
a las Esclusas de Gatin en septiembre de 1913. El "Gatan "fue laprimera nave enatravesar las Esclusas de Gat(n.

Pigina 5

Tome nota

El Servicio de Informaci6n de la Embajada de
Estados Unidos (USIS) anunci6 que el Honorable
Rodney E. Slater, Secretario de Transporte, y el
Honorable Thomas F. McLarty, Asesordel Presidente
de los Estados Unidos y Enviado Especial para
America Latina, encabezaran la delegaci6n
estadounidense al Congreso Universal del Canal de
Canal 2 transmitird una edici6n especial de una
hora del programa"Panama: Un Canal en Transici6n"
de 7 a 8 a.m. el sabado 16 de agosto. El programa
conmemora el 83o. aniversario de la apertura del
Canal de Panama al comercio mundial.
El nuevo ntmero de tel6fono de la oficina de
licencias de conducir de Diablo es 272-5711.

Soillwav del Canal de Panama

Viemes 15 de agosto de 1997

Asociaci6n juega rol activo al

ensenar importancia del Canal

Por Teresa Arosemena
Bajo el programa "Plan Piloto 2000", la
Asociaci6n de Esposas de Practicos del Canal
de Panama organiza visitas a escuelas locales
para hacer presentaciones sobre el Canal de
Panama y las diferentes oportunidades de
carreraqueofrece, particularmente aestudiantes
de 6to. afio. El objetivo principal del programa
es informarles sobre las tareas de los practices
del Canal, y concientizar a los estudiantes
sobre la importancia de esta via acuAtica,
especialmente con la llegada del afio 2000 y la
transferencia del Canal a Panami.
Las presentaciones en las escuelas son
complementadas con giras al centro de
visitantes de las Esclusas de Miraflores, para
familiarizar a los estudiantes con las
operaciones del Canal. La Presidenta de la
Asociaci6n de Esposas de Pricticos del Canal
de PanamA, Elsa de Herrera, comenta que el
prop6sito de estas charlas y orientaciones es
exhortar a los j6venes a que vean al Canal de
Pananm como una posibilidad en sus carreras
futuras. "Ya seacomo ingenieros o electricistas,
el Canal requiereestos servicios", dice Herrera.
Mas especificamente, el programa ha sido
concebido para explicar el verdadero trabajo
de un prfctico y los pasos y requisitos para
convertirse en uno. Al visitar las escuelas, un
practice generalmente acompafia a los
miembros de la asociaci6n para explicar a los
estudiantes detalladamentecunto tiempo toma
convertirse en practice, incluyendo el tiempo
de estudio y en el mar, una explicaci6n general
del adiestramiento en el Canal, los pasos o
niveles que unpractico debepasarpara alcanzar

el nivel maximo, unaexplicaci6n de los horarios
estrictos de trabajo de los practices, y c6mo
aplicar en caso de que alguien aspire a
convertirse en practice del Canal de Panama.
La iltima orientaci6n se dict6 recientemente a
Ademas de brindar estas charlas y
orientaciones a estudiantes, la Asociaci6n de
Esposas de Practicos del Canal de Panama es
muy activa en otras Areas. Sus diversas
actividades incluyen organizar reuniones para
las familias de los practices y recoger fondos
para ayudar a los necesitados, entre otros. Por
ejemplo, durante la Semana del Marino, la
asociaci6n entrega canastillas a las madres de
reci6n nacidos mas necesitadas. Este aio,
ademas de entregar una canastilla en la sala de
materidad del HospitalSantoTomas, tambi6n
donaron una en Chepo.
Los miembros de la asociaci6n se retnen
una vez al mes e invitan a un orador a participar
para compartir nuevas ideas y hablar sobre
temas de la mujer y otros. Dos de sus oradoras
han sido la escritora Marisin Villalaz de Arias
y Grace de Clark, quienes hablaron sobre la
mujeren lapolitica ylos nifios,respectivamente.
Durantelasreuniones, tambi6n tomantiempo
para organizar sus actividades. La asociaci6n
tiene varios comit6s- el de Educaci6n Interna
y Externa, Fondos, Canastilla y Publicidad. El
Comit6 de Educaci6n Externa se encarga de
organizar las visitas a las escuelas. Con 33
miembros activos, la Asociaci6n de Esposas de
Pricticos del Canal estA deseosa de aumentar su
membresia. Para mas informaci6n, llame a
Cecilia de Jim6nez al 272-2258.

Comiti de seguridad y salud Foto por Jaime Yau
El Comiti de Seguridad y Salud de la Comisi6n del Canal se relne para nombrar a su nueva
presidenta, Maria A. Antoniadis, Jefa de la Divisidn de Salud Ocupacional. El comiti ayuda a
supervisar la seguridad y salud en las dreas de trabajo de la Comisidn. Su presidente cambia
una vez al afio, alternando entre representantes del sindicato y la administraci6n. Sentados a
la mesa, siguiendo las manecillas del reloj, desde la izquierda, estdn el representante de la
unidad negociadora de los bomberos, Rene Ucrds; el representante de la unidad negociadora
de prdcticos, RaWl Brostella; el representante de la unidad negociadora profesional, Carlos
Dasho; la Jefa del Ramo de Asistencia al Empleado, Bdrbara Ledezma; la Subdirectora de
Personal, Mary K. Vidaurri; Antoniadis; la secretaria del Comite de Seguridady Salud, Elys Da
Mata; el representante de la Divisi6n de Seguridad, Charles M. Monaghan; el Jefe encargado
de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento, Luis Alfaro, representando al Subdirector de Ingenieria y
Construcci6n; y el Jefe de la Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal, Rafael M. Spalding, representando
al Subdirector de Marina. Tambign estuvieron presentes, pero no aparecen en la foto, Juan
Solis, representando al Subdirector de Servicios Generates y Jaime Farro, representando a la
unidad negociadora no profesional.

Administrador, Comisidn del Canal de Panamd
Director Asociado


Entregan canastilla Foto por Jaime Yau
Miembros de la Asociacidn de Esposas de Prdcticos del Canal de Panamd aparecen en la
Sala de Maternidad del Hospital Santo Tomds con Nedelissa Lasso Padilla, de Puerto
Pildn, Colon, quien recibi6 una canastilla para su nifia recidn nacida en conmemoracidn
del "Dia del Marino". Desde la izquierda estdn Rosemary de Rovira, Vianca de Sanchiz,
Cecilia de Jiminez, Lasso Padilla y la presidenta de la asociaci6n, Elsa de Herrera, con la
bebe en brazos.

Empleados de la Divisi6n de Dragado

viajan en grupo para Ilegar al trabajo

Por Teresa Arosemena
"Viajar en grupo parece ser la forma
mas facil y practice de ir al trabajo", dice el
Jefe del Ramo de Control de Vegetaci6n
Acudtica y Contaminantes de la Divisi6n
de Dragado, C6sar Von Chong. Von Chong
ha trabajado para la Divisi6n de Dragado
durante 25 aiios y comenz6 a viajar en
grupo con cinco compaferos de trabajo
hace 21 afios.
La mayoria de sus compafieros de viaje
se han jubilado, pero Von Chong ain
recuerda cuando comenzaron a viajar en
grupo. "Todos acordamos que si viajabamos
juntos obtendrfamos muchas ventajas",
dice. Von Chong recuerda: "Nuestro grupo
original de cinco inclufa a Adriano Diaz,
Julio Rodriguez, Roberto Ng y Allen Welch.
Mas tarde se uni6 a nosotros el oficial
administrativo, Horman Archibold".
Con el paso del tiempo, Von Chong fue
quedando solo. Fue entonces que tom6 la
iniciativa de formar otro grupo entre sus
compafieros y pregunt6 a Jaime Martiz si se
uniria a su grupo. El carro que empezaron
a usar para viajar pertenecia a Martiz, quien
les cobraba una cuota por viajar con 61. El
grupo aumentabaprogresivamente, y surgi6
una nueva idea- Martiz compraria un bus.
El Toyota Hi-Ace podia llevar a un
grupo mas numeroso de viajeros. Usual-
mente lleva entre ocho y diez personas,
nueve de ellos de la Divisi6n de Dragado, y
la d6cima persona, Vicky de Rodriguez, del

a de Relaciones Publicas
Director Asociada

Editora Encargada
El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Los articulos que en ella aparecen
pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, tnicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser entregada antes del mediodia
del jueves anterior a la semana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodla del mitrcoles si hay algun dia feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n.
Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular para estudiantes y $19 por correo a6reo. Envie
cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n, lame al 272-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de
Relaciones P6blicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Instituto de Investigaciones Tropicales
Smithsonian. Ademas de Von Chong,
Martiz y Rodriguez, los otros en el grupo
son Gil Carrera, Jos6 Maturel, Ron
Callender, Antonio Dunn-Moodie y David
Arias. Reynaldo Sandoval tambi6n es parte
del grupo, pero como esta trabajando
temporalmente en Balboa, no esta viajando
en el bus.
Von Chong explic6 que su ruta
comienza en San Antonio, en las afueras
de la ciudad de Panama, de donde van a
Villa Lucre, El Romeral y Chanis, donde
vive Von Chong, y de ahi siguen a la
Avenida 12 de Octubre. Dice que les
cuesta $3 al dia a cada uno, y que es muy
conveniente. "Nos recoge y nos dejajusto
en la puerta", dice. Si alguien tiene que
hacer algin mandado despu6s del trabajo,
puede dejar su carro en el Centro de
Adiestramiento y el bus lo recoge ahi.
Von Chong comenta que a veces le toca
manejar el bus cuando Martiz tiene que
trabajar tiempo adicional. En ese caso, al
que vive mas lejos le toca manejar y Martiz
recoge el bus mas tarde. Si el bus se dafia,
Martiz siempre alquila otro para que los
que viajan en el grupo nunca tengan que
preocuparse por transporte. "Es muy
c6modo y favorable", dice Von Chong,
agregando que hay otros dos o tres grupos
que viajan de igual forma en la Divisi6n de

Con la draga
"Rialto M.
Christensen" al
fondo, los viajeros
de la Divisi6n de
Dragado posan con
el bus que utilizan
para viajar en
grupo. Desde la
izquierda estdn
Cisar Von Chong,
Jaime Martiz, Josj
Maturel, Antonio
Dunn-Moodie, Gil
Carrera y Roan

Foto por Jaime Yau

Pgina 6

Viemes 15 de agosto de 1997

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Esposa de empleado gana concurso

Por Yira A. Flores
La noche del 5 de julio fue memorable
para el lider del Proyecto de Rehabilitaci6n
de Locomotoras de las Esclusas, Abdiel
Pdrez, su esposa Edda Dutari de P6rez y sus
dos hijos, Abdiel Alessandro y Edda
Gabriela. Junto a sus amigos y parientes, se
reunieron esa noche en el Centro de
Convenciones Atlapa para animar a Edda,
quien competfa en el concurso Bella y Sefiora
de este afio.
Por varios afios, parientes y amigos de
Edda la habian tratado de convencer de que
entrara al concurso, pero ella no estaba muy
convencida. Sin embargo, este afio lograron
convencerla. "Apoy6 su decisi6n apenas
dijo que lo harfa", dijo P6rez. Estaba un poco
preocupado, pues ella es dueia de una agencia
de viajes y siempre quiere estar al tanto de lo
que ocurre, asi que pens6 que ella se cansarfa
demasiado entre el evento y la agencia. "Pero
sus empleados le aseguraron que ellos se
encargarian de todo, y asilo hicieron. Hicieron
un trabajo excelente", agreg6.
P6rez explica que la preparaci6n de las 13
concursantes del evento, seleccionadas de
300 inscripciones, tom6 dos meses. Aunque
las familias participaron en actividades los
fines de semana, realmente se involucraron
las dos iltimas semanas del perfodo de
preparaci6n, ya que serfan parte de la
coreograffa del evento.
Desde el inicio, lafamilia Prezpens6 que

Edda tenia buena oportunidad de quedar
entre las finalistas, pero decidieron no pensar
en ganar, sino por el contrario, en disfrutar de
todo lo que sucedia. P6rez dice: "Para mi
esposa, los masajes gratis, las clases de
aer6bicos, los tratamientos est6ticos, alguna
ropa bonita y hacer nuevas amistades eran
premio suficiente".
P6rez dice que la dltima parte del concurso
consistia en contestar una pregunta, para la
cual muchas se habian preparado revisando
las preguntas que se les habia dado por
adelantado. "Edda, por el contrario, se lo
pas6 sentada en las escaleras del camerino,
sin zapatos y conversando con otras
concursantes", explica P6rez. Al estar en el
escenario respondiendo, se enred6
buscando la palabra correcta. "Fue entonces
cuando pens6 que nuestra oportunidad de
ganar se desvanecia", dice, agregando que
apa-rentementeellahabiapensadoigual. Pero
luego comenzaron a llamar a las finalistas y
llamaron aEdda.
"Estaba tan emocionado de escuchar el
nombre de mi esposa como la ganadora, que
cuando lo dijeron corrf inmediatamente
hacia las escaleras que dan al escenario para
felicitarla", dice orgullosamente. Como el
protocolo del evento requeria que la ganado-
ra "llorara sola en el escenario antes de que
su familia se reuniera con ella", los
organizadores del concurso lo detuvieron y

cuando finalmente subi6, dice que, "Habia
pasado tanto tiempo que casi habia olvidado
por qu6 estaba tan feliz". "Pero ella gan6 a
pesar de mf', P6rez bromea recordando la
tensi6n que sentia.
P6rez explica que el concurso fue una
experiencia que disfrutaron muchisimo,
aunque hubo presi6n pues todos en la familia
tenian sus propios compromisos y tenfan

Nueva reina

Edda Dutari de
,-, Pgrez, ganadora del
concurso Bella y
aSepiora 1997, y su
Sesposo Abdiel Pirez,
S lider del Proyecto
S de Rehabilitacidn
de Locomotoras de
Esclusas de la
Comisidn del Canal
de Panamd, posan
en el escenario del
Centro de
Atlapa luego de la
coronacidn de Edda
como "Bella y
Sehora" la noche
del 5 de julio.

Foto por Tony Lindo

que sacar tiempo para acudir alos eventos del
concurso. Agradece a su supervisor, Hernin
Acevedo, por su apoyo durante la prepa-
raci6n para el evento y por ser parte
importante de la barrala noche del concurso.
Ademis, P6rez dice que aprendi6 a valorar a
su esposa adn mis al ver c6mo se
desenvolvi6 desde el principio. "Creo que
definitivamente lo harfamos otra vez".

Historia canalera

Viajan enfermos de fiebre del heno

El siguiente escrito se public en el
Record del Canal entre el 18 de agosto y el
22 de septiembre de 1920.

El vapor Panamd de la Panama Railroad
Steamship Lineemprenderiun viaje de Nueva
York aCrist6bal, viaHaiti, el 19 de agosto, con
un grupo de enfermos de la fiebre del heno,
para quienes se considera beneficioso un

viaje por el oc6ano. La nave estard en
Crist6bal unos 6 dias.
Luego de la salida de Nueva York del
Panama, el agente de pasajeros enviarA el
nimero de camarotes ocupados por los
enfermos de la fiebre del heno, lo quepermitiri
a la oficina en el Istmo saber cuintos pasajeros
adicionales pueden ser asignados al viaje de
regreso. La fiebre del heno no es contagiosa.

Premios por sugerencias Foto por Jaime Yau
El Jefe de la Divisi6n de Esclusas, Jorge L Quijano, al centro, y el Superintendente encargado
del Ramo Pacifico de la division, Ivdn Lasso, extrema derecha, posan con empleados de la
Division de Esclusas luego de entregarles certificados por hacer sugerencias en sus dreas de
trabajo. Desdela izquierda estdn elasistente elctrico, LuisRomero; el botero, Manuel Herrera;
el pasacables, Luis Villarreal; Quijano; el mecdnico tornero lider, Fernando Esquivel; el
mecdnico tornero, Roberto Sepulveda; y Lasso. Estuvo ausente el electricista Harold Jones,
que tambien recibid premio. Los empleados tambien recibieron premios en efectivo.

Anuncian brote de epidemia de

conjuntivitis en ciudad de Panama

La siguiente informacidnfue distribuida
por la Divisi6n de Salud Ocupacional.

Se ha reportado una epidemia de con-
juntivitis viral en la ciudad de PanamA. Sehan
tratado cientos de casos en las clinicas de la
ciudad, aunque s61o algunos han sido
tratados en las clinicas de Salud Ocupacional
de la Comisi6n.
No existe un tratamiento especifico para
la conjuntivitis y como es causada por un
virus, las gotas de antibi6ticos no lacontrolan.
Como la conjuntivitis se transmite Ilevando el
virus a nuestros ojos con las manos luego de
haber tocado utensilios o usado lentes
contaminados, podemos prevenir la infecci6n
tomando las siguientes precauciones:
Mantener una limpieza e higiene estrictas
Lavarse las manos frecuentemente

No usarlentes de seguridad, miscaras u
otro equipo protector de lacara que hayasido
usado por otra persona
Evitar tocarse los ojos, especialmente
luego de haber estado alrededor de una per-
sona infectada
Si sigue estas medidas preventivas,
evitarA una infecci6n. En caso de infectarse,
puede disminuir la incomodidad de la
conjuntivitis viral cubri6ndose los ojos con
patios frfos y aplicando gotas para los ojos.
La enfermedad deberi curarse sola en un
perfodo de tres acuatro dias. Si laincomodidad
persiste despu6s de este period, debera
visitara un oftalm6logo para descartar alguna
complicaci6n inusual.
Cualquierempleado que note irritaci6n en
sus ojos debe contactar inmediatamente a la
enfermera de Salud Ocupacional del area.

Pigina 7

Novedades del Centro de

Recursos Ticnicos

Esta columna ofrece informacidn sobre materiales o servicios nuevos, disponibles en
el Centro de Recursos Ticnicos de la Comisidn. Para informaci6n adicional sobre los ser-
vicios que ofrece el centro o para pedir una publicaci6n, Ilame al 272-4929 6 272-4925.

Libros nuevos
Panama: Latin America's Best-Kept Secret. William Chislett, London,
Euromoney Publications, 1995.
Panamanian Militarism: A Historical Interpretation. Carlos Guevara
Mann. Ohio University, 1996.
Viva Panamd: A New Sea Level Canal. John Hampel. Hudson, Fla., John
Hampel, 1996.
The Tailor of Panama. John Le Carrt. New York, Alfred Knopf, 1996.
The Panama Canal. Tim McNeese. San Diego, Cal., Lucen Books Inc., 1997.
The Memoirs ofManuel Noriega: America's Prisoner. Manuel A. Noriega
y Peter Eisner. New York, Random House, 1997.
Panama Canal (videograbacidn). New York, A & E Network, 1994, VHS, color,
50 minutos.
Children of the Ice Age: How a Global Catastrophe Allowed Humans to
Evolve. Steven M. Stanley. New York, Harmony Books, 1996.
El Fin de la Tregua: Crdnica de la Invasidn Norteamericana a Panama.
Itzel Velasquez. M6xico, Editorial Diana, 1996.
Panamd. Eric Zencey. New York, Farrar Straus, 1995.
Portrait of the Panama Canal. William Friar. Portland, Oregon, Graphics Art
Center Publishing Co.

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