The Panama Canal spillway =

Material Information

The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Portion of title:
Parallel title:
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Alternate title:
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Place of Publication:
Balboa Hights C.Z
Panama Canal
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Biweekly[Jan. 6, 1984-1999]
Weekly[ FORMER <June 1966>-Dec. 23, 1983]
Physical Description:
37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )


Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note:
Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note:
Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note:
Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note:
Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
02582102 ( OCLC )
83642750 ( LCCN )
0364-8044 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text


passage into the twenty-first century

Friday, May 20, 1994

Rising-stem valves converted at Pedro Miguel Locks

By Joaquin Horna
During the early morning hours of May
9, a culvert was dewatered at Pedro Miguel
Locks to allow three rising-stem valves to be
converted to the sliding system. After two
months ofpreparations, the $900,000 project
would last nine days and involve nearly 200
skilled craftsmen.
The 19-foot-high, 11-foot-wide and 12-
ton valves -- which control the flow of water
through the lock culverts -- were disas-
sembled. After the various parts were
cleaned and replaced, the valves were
reassembled and reinstalled..
The main thrust of the work was replac-
ing the bronze roller bearings on which the
valves are raised and lowered with a surface
of ultrahigh molecular-density polyethyl-
ene. The valves slide against these surfaces,
which are easier to maintain. Because the
surfaces do not corrode, they will last longer.
Begun in the late 1980s, the program to
convert all the rising-stem valves to the
sliding system is now in the advanced stages.
The conversion has alreadybeen completed
at Miraflores Locks, is scheduled for comple-
Valve overhaul tion in Gatun in fiscal year 1995 and should
Locks Division employees work on t heproject be completed in Pedro ivigue- in 1996 when
to convert three rising-stem valves in the west the last valves are converted. The project
sidewall culvert at Pedro Miguel Locks. this month converted the only remaining
valves in Pedro Miguel's west sidewall cul-
Photo by Armando De Gracia vert.

Commission observes Safe Boarding Week

Agency promotes compliance
with international regulations

Pilots, admeasurers, line handlers, port
captains and other Panama Canal Commis-
sion employees board and disembark from
transiting vessels day and night under a
variety of weather conditions. When all
their trips on and off ships are added to-
gether, the total for a typical day comes to
about 1,000. In light of the frequent nature
of this activity and in recognition of the

employees' right to be offered safe boarding
equipment, the Panama Canal organization
has observed Safe Boarding Week since
1975 to promote compliance with interna-
tional safe boarding regulations among Ca-
nal users.
Thisyear's observancewas heldlastweek.
Teams representing the employee groups
who frequentlyboard vessels inspected pilot
ladders and other boarding equipment on
vessels awaiting transit in the Atlantic and
Pacificanchorages. Properlyrigged ladders
can prevent painful accidents that can force
employees into early retirement or evefi
take their lives. "We don'twant our employ-
ees having accidents because these facilities
are deficient," says marine safety specialist
Silverio Henrfquez, a Safe Boarding Week
inspection team member.
Another team member, supervisory
admeasurer Roberto Mainieri represented
the employees who first board a ship when
it arrives at the Canal. He says that they
conduct their own safe-boarding inspec-
tions throughout the year. "We try to cor-
rect any problem before other employees
board the vessel," he explains.

Boarding safely

Under the watchfid eye of seaman Alfonso
Mine, Panama Canal pilot Diego Porras
boards the bulk carrier "Cape Blossom" in
the Pacific anchorage duringa Safe Boarding
Week inspection.

Most of the workers participating in this
month's project had been involved in previ-
ous conversions. "They know the job very
well," says Alex Gianareas, assistant super-
intendent of the Locks Division's Pacific
Those assigned to the project worked in

two 10-hour shifts to minimize the impact of
the work on Canal traffic. Vessels continued
to transit through both lanes at Pedro Miguel,
with single-culvert operations keeping the
west lane in service. "This added only about
10 minutes to the lockages times," Gianareas
points out.

Public ServiceAward recipients Photo by Armando De Gracia
Panama Canal Commission Administrator Gilberto Guardia F. and Deputy Adminis-
trator R.P. Lavertypose with recipients of the Panama Canal Honorary Public Service
Award Eighteen individuals were presented the award earlier this month in recognition
of their voluntary contributions to improve the quality of Isthmian life.

Clinton sends Congress proposals

for changes to Canal organization

U.S. President William Clinton has trans-
mitted to the U.S. Congress a set of recom-
mendations for various changes to the
Panama Canal Commission that are de-
signed to allow a more "seamless" transfer
of the Panama Canal to the Republic of
Panama on December 31, 1999.
Among the president's recommenda-
tions were that the Commission be con-
verted to the form of a government corpora-
tion, that the requirements for the composi-
tion of its Board of Directors be more
flexible, that the board allow the participa-
tion in its deliberations of international ad-
visors who are neither of Panamanian nor
U.S. nationality and who would not serve to
represent any particular customer or nation
and that the toll-rate process be revised so
that the final authority to set toll rates would
reside with the board rather than with the
The president also recommended that
the board strengthen itsrole in Commission
policymaking and that the Commission
should examine all of the rules and regula-
tions applicable to it as agovernment agency

and advance changes to these regulations
that would allow it to work in a more com-
mercially efficient manner.
For 28 years prior to the creation of the
Panama Canal Commission by the Panama
Canal Treaty on October 1, 1979, the Canal
agencywas in fact a U.S. government corpo-
ration. Many of the current operating and
personnel procedures for the agency were
adopted from that corporation.
The presidential recommendations were
developed at the direction of Congress in a
provision contained in the Commission's
regular authorization act for fiscal year 1993.
Pursuant to that law, Commission manage-
ment contracted for an extensive study on
agency governance and financial manage-
ment by the international consulting firm of
Arthur Andersen & Company Inc.
The Board of Directors and manage-
ment then deliberated on the study, and, as
a result, the board unanimously adopted
recommendations that were submitted to
the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

Continued on page 3...

Photo by Armando De Gracia

The Panama Canal Spillway

Historic ship Photo by Jaime Fernandez
The 441-foot-long "S.S. Jeremiah O'Brien "moves through Miraflores Locks on its May 1 northbound Panama
Canal transit. The World War Liberty Ship is sailing to Europe to participate in the commemoration of the 50th
anniversary of D-day.

World War II vessel transits en

route to D-day commemoration

Friday, May 20, 1994

Government issues update on honoraria ban

A X.

an injunction against enforce-
ment as of September 28, 1993.
The case was then taken to the
U.S. Supreme Court, and a final
decision is expected either late
this year or early next year.
In the meantime, the Justice
Department has announced that
employees who accept honoraria
for speaking or writing will not
be prosecuted, providing their
subjects do not relate specifi-
cally to their official duties. In
addition, honoraria payments
from before September28,1993,
that were placed into escrow may
now be taken out. Further guid-
ance will be provided once the
Supreme Court decision is an-

By Myrna A. Iglesias

It took 14 years and more than
425,000 hours of volunteer work to
get the 50-year-old S.S. Jeremiah
O'Brien into seaworthy condition.
The vessel belonged to the 2,751-
member Liberty fleet, which in-
cluded mass-produced ships built
between 1941 and 1945 to carry
cargo and troops during World
War II, and is the only unaltered
Liberty Ship still remaining. The
Jeremiah O'Brien transited the
Panama Canal this month as part
of a 20,000-mile round-trip voyage
from San Francisco to England
and France to participate in the
commemoration of the 50th anni-
versary of D-day, the Allied inva-
sion of occupied France on June 6,
The ship arrived in Panama
April 30 and docked at the Rod-
man Naval Station, where a wel-
come ceremony was held for its
crew. The stop gave visitors an
opportunity to tour the historic
vessel before its May 1 transit. The
Jeremiah O'Brien hadbeen through

the Canal on two other occasions.
Named after the U.S. com-
mander who led the first naval
action against the British in 1775,
the Jeremiah O'Brien was built by
the NewEnglandShipbuilding Cor-
poration of South Portland, Maine,
in just 56 days. It carried ammuni-
tion, grains and other dry cargo
from the United States to Great
Britain and made 11 trips from
Great Britain to the Normandy
beaches in France. After serving 2-
1/2 years and making seven war-
time voyages, the O'Brien was laid
up in the National Defense Re-
serve Fleet in February 1946.
After spending33 years in moth-
balls, the ship underwent a thor-
ough reconditioning in 1979. In
1980, it was declared a National
Historic Landmark by the U.S.
Congress and has been open in
San Francisco as a memorial to
merchant sailors. An army of vol-
unteers, many of whom had sailed
aboard Liberty Ships during World
War II, worked to get it shipshape
again for its current trans-Atlantic
voyage. "There is absolutely no

problem with the ship; it is fine,"
says George Jahn, the 78-year-old
master of the vessel, when asked
about its condition.
The Jeremiah O'Brien is crewed
by 55 volunteers, about half of
them veterans. Captain Jahn ex-
plains that the regular crew size is
40, but that they have a few extras
for maintenance reasons. The av-
erage age of the crew is 71, but
there are also two young cadets
from the U.S. Merchant Marine
Academy aboard.
"I've been optimistic about the
possibility of doing this voyage,
and now it's happening," says sea-
man William Bennett, a Korean
War veteran. "For me, it's a mat-
ter of national pride."
The ship is expected late this
month in Portsmouth, England,
where it will join a convoy of Allied
ships sailingfor theNormandycoast
to participate in the D-day anni-
versary on June 6. "I never ex-
pected to go back," says Captain
Jahn. "I am proud to be able to do
it with the same type of ship that I
was a master of back in 1944."

Making things safer Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Industrial Division pipe-fitter helper Frederic Burke and laborer Orlando
Maxwell display the suggestion awards they received forprompting man-
agement to include a yearly safety inspection of the division's two Travelift
spindles in the maintenance schedule. Pictured in front of one of the
Travelifts are Boat Repair Foreman Jairo Parra, Burke, Chief Collin P.
Corrigan, Maxwell and Boat Repair General Foreman Martin Almanza.

Industrial Division machine completes 65-year career

Taking shape Photo by Susan K. Stabler
ShipfitterEladio Rodriguez, known as "thepontoonartist"by his Industrial
Division co-workers, sits at the controls as the 65-year-old roll-bending
machine shapes its finalpiece ofsteelplate into a section oftubulardredge
pipe on its last day of operations. The sheet is already starting to take the
pipe's curved shape.

By Susan K. Stabler
A 65-year veteran retired from
the Industrial Division last month
without fanfare or a farewell party.
The division's roll-bending ma-
chine, which can transform flat
pieces of metal into curved shapes,
simplyworked up to the last minute
of its last day, making sections of
dredge pipe from pieces of high-
carbon steel plate.
The machine was originally
expected to last about 35 years. It
was purchased for $12,462 from
Hilles and Jones of Rochester,
N.Y., and was installed in the In-
dustrial Division, then called the
Mechanical Division, on January
2, 1929. In the 1960s, its two elec-
tric motors, rated at 15 and 50
horsepower, were replaced under

the project to convert the Panama
Canal's electrical system from 25
to 60 cycles.
Thosewho worked with the old
machine over the years agree it
was a dependable workhorse,
cranking out as much as 150 lineal
feet of dredge pipe in a day. It also
shaped steel plates for the bow and
stern sections of tugboats, barges
and the drillboat Thorand, accord-
ing to Metalworking Shop Fore-
man Glen Pringle, "produced
enough pipe to span the length of
the Canal two or three times."
"It was a good machine and
very, very reliable," Pringle says.
"It was just old and required a lot
of maintenance." Pringle joined
the Industrial Division nearly 30
years ago as an apprentice and says

he considered the machine old even
then. He attributes its longevity to
excellent maintenance.
The old machine has now been
disassembled and removed from
the shop. Its replacement, under
construction at the Oliver H. Van
Horn Company Inc. of New Or-
leans, was purchased for $330,000
and is expected to arrive at the
Industrial Division in mid-August.
It will be installed in the metal-
working shop at the same location
assigned to its predecessor.
Pringle says the new roll-bender
will be able to do more things than
the old one could and can perform
some tasks that required two steps
on the old machine in a single step.
Even so, he feels that the old ma-
chine is a hard act to follow.

Page 2

The February 15,1991, issue
of the Panama Canal Spillway
reported that amendments to
the Ethics Reform Act of 1989
barred federal employees from
accepting paymentfor free-lance
writing, speeches or other ap-
pearances. The ban, which went
into effect on January 1, 1991,
prohibited speaking and non-
fiction writing for newspapers
and magazines, but did not cover
writing for books, photography,
artwork or other forms of ex-
pression. The Spillway noted
that federal employees had taken
the issue to court, challenging its
The ban was invalidated by
an appeals court, which issued

_ __~

Friday, May 20, 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

Training engine helps towboat engineers refine skills

0 4By Susan Harp
Fifteen towboat chief engineers
and a machinist foreman identi-
fiedten constructionproblems with
T-rthe towboat engine they inspected
during the first of two week-long

Canal Services and Industrial divi-
SR sions. The engine,whichwas espe-
A cially designed for the Panama
SCanal Commission, actually has
more than 30 flaws built into it.
Studyingit helps marine engineers
and machinists gain a better un-
derstanding of the engines they are
responsible for repairing and main-
Hands-on training Photo by Armando De Gracia Built by General Motors and
Towboat engineers from the Canal Senrvices Division replace an accessory distributed by Stewart and
gear unit cover on the division's new training engine after having taken the Stevenson of Houston, the eight-
engine apart to search for defects. Clockwise from bottom left are chief cylinder training engine isthe same
engineers-in-charge Robert T. Geddes Jr. and Luis A. Naar Jr., engineer make as the 12-cylinder engines
manager Tomds Rowe and chief engineers-in-charge Jose M. Solano and installed in 16 Panama Canal tow-
RicardoA. Brown. boats and is also similar to those on

New fitness program under way at Armature Shop

By Yira A. Flores
A new program designed to
reduce duty-related skeletal and
muscular injuries, particularly
those affecting the back, has re-
cently been implemented by the
PanamaCanal Commission. Spon-
sored by the Safety and Occupa-
tional Health divisions and the
Employee Fitness Branch, the pro-
gram makes employees start early
each morning to focus on safety. A
series of stretching and warm-up
exercises is performed during the
first 15 minutes of each workday,
before employees tackle any du-
ties that could lead to injury.
Physical therapist Jennifer
Gondos points out that there are
two ways to avoid muscular and
skeletal injuries among employ-
ees. One is to decrease exposure to
risk through precautions such as
having them pull, lift or carry lighter
loads; the other is to get them into
better physical shape through the
techniques used by athletes. "You
wouldn't send a football player onto
the field without warming up," she
Gondos says that the on-the-
job fitness program represents a
new concept within the Commis-
sion. Its main target is industrial
workers, although it is currently
being modified to meet the needs
of all employees interested in par-
Electrical Division Chief E.D.
Schnack gave the approval for the
Armature Shop to be the pilot
group for the program. "Schnack
immediately realized the signifi-
cance of the program and was ea-
ger to have his division be first,"
Gondos says.

Take note

Because of the Memorial
Day holiday, the deadline for
submitting material for publi-
cation in the June 3 issue of
the Panama Canal Spillway
has been advanced to 11:45
a.m. Wednesday, May 25.
Call the editor at 52-3202 for
further assistance.

Four specialists from the Em-
ployeeFitness Branchwere trained
to lead the program. During the
first month, a specialist works with
the group every day. During the
second month, the specialist leads
the exercises every other day and
also trains a member of the group
to take over the responsibility.
Armature Shop Foreman
Emilio Wong is one of the employ-
ees who have been trained to lead
the exercises under the program.
Saying the program has improved
the group's, overall physical condi-
tion, he adds with a smile, "Some
of the employees have told me
their overalls fit them better than
before -- kind of loose."
According to Wong, the pro-
gram has also boosted morale and
given employees more confidence.
"They get to work as a group and

relate to each other in a situation
other than thework environment,"
he adds. Electric equipment re-
pairer Jos6 Murillo says that he
was apprehensive of the program
at first. "I suffer from a back
problem and was afraid of hurting
myself with the exercises," he ex-
plains, "but after trying them, I feel
Requests for the program to be
offered at other Commission units
are being scheduled according to
the order in which they are re-
ceived. Interested units should
first contact the Employee Fitness
Branch. Specialists will then dis-
cuss the program with the head of
the unit as well as the participating
employees before actually begin-
ning the exercises, which will vary
according to the type of work the
unit performs.

the dredgeMindi. The 1,050-horse-
power diesel engine weighs just
over 10 tons and measures 8 feet in
height by 10 feet in length.
"The engine has many faults
that you wouldn't see in just one
rebuilt engine. We put in as many
as possible so the engineers can
recognize them and, if there are
questions later on, they can come
back and look at them again," says
Ken Morowsky, the Stewart and
Stevenson representative who was
in charge of the training.
The flaws include broken rings,
a split cylinder head, defective main
bearings, cracked pistons and bent
connecting rods. Trainees identi-
fied the faults, reviewed new infor-
mation on the engine and learned
to troubleshoot and repair pumps
and blowers. They were also able
to ask Morowsky, who has experi-
ence training engineers all over
Latin America, for help on engine
problems they face on the job.
Purchased at a fraction of the
$250,000 price for its functional

counterparts, the training engine
now sits under a shed next to the
engineers' shore station in Diablo.
It will eventually be housed in a
new training room that will be
added onto the shore station. Now
in the planning stage, the building
will house a classroom, work-
benches, a welding shop, the en-
gine and an overhead crane for
lifting parts.
The training engine will enable
employees to safely prepare for
complex repairs on towboat en-
gines. "When the engineers have
to deal with real problems on the
towboats, they can come here and
practice first," explains Fleet Mas-
ter Allen R. Briem.
The engineers recognize the
benefits as well. "You can teach
people with a book, but once they
do it hands on, it sticks," says Chief
Engineer-in-ChargeRuss Herring-
ton, adding, "By getting the engi-
neers together, we've also had alot
of exchange of information and
sharing of experiences."

Historical note

U.S. citizens on the Isthmus
were invited to attend the inaugu-
ral ceremonies for Panama Presi-
dent-elect Belisario Porras on
October 1, 1912. Fraternal and
other organizations were issued a
special invitation to "participate
actively" in the celebration.


... continued from page 1
Subsequently, theywere examined
and debated among interested U.S.
government agencies, includingthe
departments of State, Defense,
Commerce and Justice as well as
theCommission. President Clinton
based his recommendations to
Congress upon these interagency
Legislation to implement these
recommendations is currently be-
ing developed by the Commission
and coordinated in Washington,
D.C., where it is expected to be
introduced and considered by Con-
gress later this year.

The Washington corner

Authorization for fiscal year 1995 discussed

Morning workout Photo by Armando De Gracia
Instructor Eddy Veldsquez leads Armature Shop employees in a series of
exercises as part of the Panama Canal Commission's new on-the-job
fitness program. The exercises are designed to improve the employees'
overallphysicalcondition andpreparethemforstrenuous activities in order
to avoid injuries.

In order to support the
Panama Canal Commission
metric-system conversion
effort, the Panama Canal
Spillway requests that all
measurements used in ma-
terial to be published in the
Spillway be expressed in the
metric ratherthanthe English

The cash award for the
winner of the April 22 Line
Throwing Contest at Gatun
Locks was donated by the
Panama Canal Pilots Asso-
ciation rather than the Inter-
national Organization of Mas-
ters, Mates and Pilots as
stated in the May 6 issue of
the Panama Canal Spillway.

On April 19, U.S. Congress-
man Billy Tauzin, chairman of the
Coast Guard and Navigation Sub-
committee, introduced H.R. 4246,
the Panama Canal Commission
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
1995. The bill was co-sponsored by
Merchant Marine and Fisheries
Committee Chairman Gerry
Studds. In a markup held April 20,
the Coast Guard and Navigation
Subcommittee approved the bill
unamended. The House Merchant
Marine and Fisheries Committee
held markup on May 11 and re-
ported H.R. 4246 to the full House
of Representatives.
The committee passed one
amendment, sponsored by Rep.
GeneTaylor, D-Miss.,which would
require the Commission to pur-

chase automobiles made in
America. This amendment was
similar to one considered and ulti-
mately rejected by the Congress
last year. The Commission op-
poses the amendment (as it did last
year) because it runs contrary to
the Commission's Panama Canal
Treaty obligations regarding pro-
curement. Floor action and pas-
sage of this legislation are expected

The Washington Corner originates in
the Office of the Secretary in Washington,
D.C. Suggestions should be sent to the
Secretary, Panama Canal Commission,
International Square, 1825 I Street N.W.,
Suite 1050, Washington, DC 20006 or to
the Spillway editor, Panama Canal Com-
mission, Room 100,Administration Build-
ing, Balboa Heights.

Page 3

Wuning design

Acting Panama Canal Com-
mission contract specialist
RodrigoF. Cigarruistadisplays
his winning design in thisyear's
Fourth of July T-shirt contest.
Cigarruista also won the con-
test in 1992 andplaced second
last year. Boy Scouts will be
selling the shirts at the Com-
missionAdministration Build-
ing Monday and at different
locations on military bases.
Photo by Jaime Fernandez

--- I

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, May 20, 1994

Position Vacancy List
Applicants must have career orcareer-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven days from the date
of this publication.
SPersons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated positions (TDPs)
will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change. Persons
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion, in-service
employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower level or second-lower level of
the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center (Building 38,
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised. Employees
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).

Permanent positions Salaries Unit
Auditor NM-12 ............................. $19.71/$25.63 Inspector General
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

What's happening

Atlantic health fair Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Panama Canal Commission staff entomologist Gloria De Obaldia discusses the life
cycle of the dengue-carrying "Aedes aegypti" mosquito with Gatun Locks machinist
Fernando Esquivel at the recent health fair in Gatun. Biological technician Anofre
Campbell, who assisted with the Entomology Unit display, is seen looking on. A
similar health fair was held at the Sanitation and Grounds Branch Wednesday, and
another is scheduled for May 25 at the Motor Transportation Division in Ancon.

Commission announces employee training schedule
The Human Resources Development Staff will offer the courses below to Panama Canal Commission employees.
Nominations should be made through training program managers by the suspense dates indicated. All classes will be
conducted in English except for "Basic Skills for the Effective Canal Worker" and the morning session of "Back School
and Body Mechanics," which will be in Spanish. In addition to the listed classes, Module 6 of the Clerical Training
Program is scheduled for June 20 through 24, with "Introduction to SuperCalc 5," "Managing Your Boss" and "Basic
Writing Skills." There are also a number of individualized training packets on a variety of subjects at the Multimedia,
Center, including "Introduction to Microcomputers," a prerequisite to the classes marked with an asterisk.

Course (and target audience) Dates
Claims and Disputes (contract specialists) .... 6/2 & 3
Elements of Analysis (management assistants at
grades NM-4 through NM-9) ............ 6/6-8
Records Management (office support personnel,
files custodians and records liaison officers) 6/6-9
Customer Care on the Telephone (office
support staff) ........................... 6/8
Building High Performing Teams (managers
and supervisors) ...................... 6/13-16
Back School and Body Mechanics ........... 6/14
Techniques for Planning, Scheduling and
Controlling Projects (employees at NM-9
grade level and above) ................... 6/15-17
New Employee Orientation ................ 6/20
The Personnelist as Management Advisor
(Position Classification Branch personnel) 6/20 & 21
Personnel Staffing for the Position Classification
Specialist (Position Classification Branch
personnel) ........................... 6/22 & 23
Supervisors' Update: Sexual Harassment ..... 6/28
Basic Skills for the Effective Canal Worker
(non-supervisory manual workers)......... 6/28 & 29
PCC Correspondence Manual (office support
personnel) ........................... 6/29 & 30

Advanced WordPerfect Features: Tables (those
who have taken "Introduction to WordPerfect")

Introduction to WordPerfect* ..............

Norton Commander Workshop* ............



Advanced WordPerfect Features: Basic Macros
(those who have taken "Introduction to
WordPerfect")......................... 6/14 & 15
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Columns/
Graphics (those who have taken "Introduction
to WordPerfect") ..................... 6/22 & 23
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Merge/Sort
(those who have taken "Introduction to
WordPerfect") ........................ 6/27
Introduction to SuperCalc* ................ 6/27-29


















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Summer recreation
The summer program for Panama Canal
Commission dependents runs from June 21
through August 12, with registration
beginning on May 31. Information is
available at Employee Fitness Branch

Piano recital
Pianist Xu Zhong, winner of Spain's
international Santander award, will perform
at 8 p.m. May 24 in the Atlapa Convention
Center's La Huaca Theater. Organized by
the Panama National Association of
Concerts, the performance is being sponsored
by Banco Mercantil del Istmo. The tickets,
which cost $20 or $5 for students, are
available at the Argosy and Allegro stores
or from the association (25-4951).

Business women's group
The Panama Canal Charter Chapter of
the American Business Women's Association
provides business training for women for
career enhancement and personal develop-
ment. Those interested in learning more
about the organization are invited to attend
its meetings on the second Monday of each
month at the Curundu Restaurant.

Memorial Day marathon
Registration is open through May 30 for
a Memorial Day marathon sponsored by
the Margarita Gymnasium. The event will
start at 7 a.m. May 30 at the gym. For more
information or to register, call the gymnasium
(43-7300) between 3 and 9 p.m. on Tuesday,
Thursday or Friday or between 10 a.m. and
4 p.m. Saturday.

First aid course
The Gatun Youth Center will offer a first
aid course from 4 to 7 p.m. on May 25 and
26. To register or obtain additional
information, call Albano Humberto Aguilar
(43-5353) between 1 and 8:45 p.m. Tuesday
through Friday or between 8 a.m. and 4
p.m. Saturday.
Martial arts in Gamboa
Classes in the Korean martial art of tang
soo do are taught from 5:30 to 7 p.m.
Monday and Wednesday at the Gamboa
Civic Center by Aries Fernandez, who
holds the rank of fifth dan. The classes are
open to adults and children over the age of
5. For more information, call 28-2643.
Safety classes
The Balboa Pool will offer adult
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) classes
from I to 5 p.m. on May 21 at the Diablo
Fitness Center, infant and child CPR
classes from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. on May 22 at
the Diablo Fitness Center and emergency
water safety from 1 to 5 p.m. on May 28
and 29 at the pool. To register or for more
information, call the pool (52-5493) between
10 a.m. and 5:45 p.m.

Dive club news
Among the upcoming activities planned
by the Balboa Dive Club are trips to
Roatan Island on May 28 through June 4
and Portobelo's aquatic park on June 25
and 26. The club is also accepting
applications for membership and regis-
tration for the "Scuba Olympics" to be held
at Albrook Pool on Saturday, June 11.
Call 63-8077 for further details.



Administrator, Panama Canal Commission

Director of Public Affairs

Associate Director

Associate Director

The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 1:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are S6 by regular mail, $4 by regular mail for
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 52-3202 for further
information or write the Office of Public Affairs, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights, Panama.

Deputy Administrator

Barge transit Photo by Kevin Jenkins
The tugboat "Sea Venture" hauls the barge "St. Thomas" through Miraflores Locks
during a May 5 southbound transit through the Panama Canal. The "400, "a sister
barge to the "St. Thomas," transited the waterway the previous day, docking at
Balboa to wait for the "St. Thomas." Owned by Crowley Marine, the barges are
carrying oil-rig equipment from Louisiana to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Their agent at
the Canal is Boyd Steamship Corporation.

Paee 4




el paso hacia el siglo veintiuno


Vol. XXXII, NO 10 Viernes 20 de mayo de 1994

Realizan conversi6n de valvulas en Pedro Miguel

Por Joaquin Horna
". Temprano en la mariana del 9 de mayo,
una alcantarilla de las Esclusas de Pedro
Miguel era desaguada para permitir que
tres vAlvulas de vistago ascendente fueran
convertidas al sistema de deslizamiento.
Luego de dos meses de preparaci6n, el
proyecto de $900,000 tomaria nueve dias e
involucrarfa a casi 200 artesanos
Las vdlvulas de 19 pies de alto, 11 pies de
anchoy 12 toneladas -- que controlan el flujo
del agua en las alcantarillas de las esclusas --
fueron desmanteladas. Luego sus partes
fueron limpiadas y reemplazadas, antes de
volver a armar y reinstalar las vAlvulas.
El principal objetivo de la obra era
remplazar los rodillos de bronce que levantan
y bajan las vilvulas, por una superficie de
polietileno de densidad molecular ultra alta.
Las vilvulas se deslizan contra esas
superficies, que son mAs ficiles de mantener.
En virtud de que las superficies no se
corroen, durarAn mAs tiempo.
Iniciado a fines de los afios 1980, el
programa para convertir todas las vilvulas
de vdstago ascendente al sistema de desli-
Reacondicionan vdlvulas zamiento estA ahora en su etapa avanzada.
EmnpleadosdelaDivisi6n deEsclusastrabajan La conversi6n ha sido casi terminada en las
en elproyecto para convertir tres vdlvulas de Esclusas de Miraflores, estA programada
vdstagoascendenteenlaalcantatilladelmuro para ser completada en Gatiin para el afio
lateraloeste en lasEsclusas de Pedro Miguel. fiscal 1995 y deberi terminarse en Pedro
Foto por Armando De Gracia Miguel en 1996, cuando se convertirin las

Celebran Semana de Abordaje Seguro

Agencia promueve cumplimiento
de regulaciones intemacionales

Practicos, arqueadores, pasacables,
capitanes de puerto y otros empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama suben y
bajan de las naves en transito dia y noche
bajo variadas condiciones climaticas. Al
sumar todos sus viajes dentro y fuera de los
barcos, el total para un dfa tipico resulta en
casi mil. En vista de la naturaleza frecuente
de esta actividad y en reconocimiento al
derecho de los empleados de contar con

equipos de abordaje seguros, la organizaci6n
canalera celebra la Semana del Abordaje
Seguro desde 1975 para promover el
cumplimiento de las reglas internacionales
de abordaje seguro entre sus usuarios.
La actividad de este afio se realiz6 la
semana pasada. Equipos representando a
grupos de empleados que abordan las naves
con frecuencia inspeccionaron las escaleras
de practices y otros equipos de abordaje en
las naves esperando para transitar en los
ancladeros del Atlantico y elPacffico. Esca-'
leras bien equipadas ayudan a prevenir
accidentes peligrosos que pueden obligar a
los empleados a jubilarse temprano o hasta
acabar con sus vidas. "No queremos que
nuestros empleados sufran accidentes
porque estas instalaciones son deficientes",
dice el especialista en seguridad marina
Silverio Henrfquez, parte del equipo de la
Semana de Abordaje Seguro.
Otro miembro, el arqueador supervisor
Roberto Mainieri represent6 a los
empleados que abordan primero la nave al
arribar al Canal. Ellos conducen su propia
inspecci6n de seguridad de abordaje todo el
afio. "Tratamos de corregir cualquier
problema antes que otros empleados
aborden la nave", explica.

Abordaje seguro
Bajo la mirada atenta del marino Alfonso
Mine, elprdctico del Canal de Pananm
Diego Porras aborda el carguero a granel
"Cape Blossom" en el ancladero Pacifico
durante una inspecci6n de la Semana de
Abordaje Seguro.
Foto por Armando De Gracia

filtimas vAlvulas. En el proyecto de este mes
se convirtieron las valvulas faltantes en la
alcantarilla lateral oeste de Pedro Miguel.
La mayoria de los trabajadores que
participaron en el proyecto han estado
involucrados en conversiones anteriores.
"Conocen el trabajo muy bien", dice el
Superintendente Asistente del Ramo
Pacifico Alexander Gianareas.

Los empleados asignados al proyecto
trabajaron dos turnos de 10 horas para
minimizar el impacto de la obra en el trafico
de naves por la via acuAtica. Las naves
continuaron transitando en ambas vias de
Pedro Miguel, con esclusajes de una
alcantarilla en la via oeste. "Esto afiadi6
como unos 10 minutos al tiempo del
esclusaje", explica Gianareas.

Premio por Servicio Pfblico Foto por Armando De Gracia
El Adininstrador de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd Gilberto Guardia F. y el
SubadministradorRaymondP. Laverty acompatan a losganadores delPremioHonorario
por Servicio Plblico. Dieciochopersonas recibieron elpremio a pincipios de este mes
en reconocimiento a sus contribuciones para mejorar la calidad de vida en el istmo.

Clinton propone al Congreso hacer

cambios en organization del Canal
El Presidente de los Estados Unidos una forma mas comercialmente eficiente.
William Clinton envi6al Congreso una serie Por 28 afios, antes de la creaci6n de la
de recomendaciones para hacer cambios en Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA por el
la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA, disefiados Tratado del Canal, el lo. de octubre de 1979,
para permitir una transferencia mas eficiente la agencia canalera era, de hecho, una
del Canal ala Repiblica de PanamA el31de corporaci6n del gobierno de los Estados
diciembre de 1999. Unidos. Muchos de los procedimientos
Las recomendaciones del presidente actuales de operaci6n y de personal de la
incluyen convertir a la Comisi6n en una agencia fueron adoptados de esa
corporaci6n gubernamental, hacer mAs corporaci6n.
flexibles los requisitos para la composici6n Las recomendaciones presidenciales
de su Junta Directiva, permitir la fueron desarrolladas por direcci6n del
participaci6n en las deliberaciones de la Congreso en una clAusula contenida en la
junta a asesoresinternacionales que no sean ley de autorizaci6n regular de la Comisi6n
ni panamefios ni estadounidenses y que no para el afio fiscal 1993. De acuerdo con esa
representen a ningfin usuario o naci6n en ley, la administraci6n de la Comisi6n
particular, y que el proceso de esta- contrat6 para un estudio extenso sobre la
blecimientode peajes sea revisado de manera gobrnaci6n delaagenciaysu administraci6n
que la autoridad final para establecer las financiera a la firma internacional de
tarifas de peaje resida en la junta y no en el consultoria Arthur Andersen & Company.
presidente. La Junta Directiva y la administraci6n
El presidente tambi6n recomend6 que la luego deliberaron sobre el estudio y, como
junta fortalezca su papel en el esta- resultado, la junta unanimemente adopt6
blecimiento de las normas de la Comisi6n, las recomendaciones que fueron su-
y que la Comisi6n examine todas las reglas ministradas a la Oficina de Administraci6n
y regulaciones aplicables a ella como agencia yPresupuesto de los Estados Unidos. Poste-
del gobierno y haga los cambios a estas riormente, 6stas fueron examinadas y
regulaciones para que pueda trabajar en Continfa en pdgina 3...

- -

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Barco hist6rico Foto por Jaime Fernmndez
El "Jeremiah O'Brien", de 441pies de largo, transita las Esclusas de Miraflores durante su trdnsitoporel Canal
de Panamd el lo. de mayo. El barco tipo Libertad de la Segunda Guerra Mundial navegaba hacia Europapara
participar en la conmemoraci6n del 50 aniversario del Dia-D.

Barco de la Segunda Guerra viaja

para conmemorar el "Dia-D"

Viernes 20 de mayo de 1994

JI Gobierno revisa prohibici6n de honorarios

La edici6n del Spillway del 15
de febrero de 1991 anunci6 que
enmiendas ala Ley de Reformas
Eticas de 1989 prohibian a em-
pleados federales aceptar pago
por escribir, dictar charlas u otras
actividades independientes. La
prohibici6n, que entr6 en vigor
el lo. de enero de 1991, prohibia
dar charlas y escribir articulos
no ficticios para peri6dicos y
revistas, pero no inclufa escribir
libros, fotografia, trabajos
artisticos u otras formas de
expresi6n. Empleados federales
habian levado el caso a la corte,
cuestionando su constitucio-
La prohibici6n fue inva-
lidada por una corte de ape-
laciones, que cre6 una orden

contra su aplicaci6n el 28 de
septiembre de 1993. El caso
fue llevado a la Corte Suprema
unadecisi6n definitivapara fines
de este aiioo inicios del pr6ximo.
Mientras tanto, el Departa-
mento deJusticia ha anunciado
que los empleados que acepten
honorarios por dar charlas o
escribir no serAn enjuiciados,
siempre y cuando sus temas no
est6n relacionados con sus
funciones oficiales. Ademas,
los pagos de honorarios previos
al 28 de septiembre de 1993
que fueron puestos en dep6sito,
pueden ser retirados ahora. Se
ofrecerA mayor informaci6n
cuando se anuncie la decisi6n
de la Corte Suprema.

Por Myrna A. Iglesias
Tom6 14 afios y mAs de 425,000
horas de trabajo voluntario para
devolver el barco de 50 afios S.S.
Jeremiah O'Brien a su estado
navegable. El barco integr6 la
flota de 2,751 naves Libertad, que
incluy6barcos construidos en masa
de 1941 a 1945 para transportar
carga y tropas durante la Segunda
Guerra Mundial, yes el inico Barco
Libertad inalterado que existe. El
Jeremiah O'Brien transit6 el Canal
este mes durante una travesia de
20,000 millas ida y vuelta entre San
Francisco, Inglaterra yFrancia para
participar en la conmemoraci6n
del 50 aniversario del Dia-D, la
invasi6n Aliada a la Francia
ocupada el 6 de junio de 1944.
El barco lleg6 a Panama el 30
de abril y estuvo atracado en la
Estaci6n Naval de Rodman, en
donde se realiz6 una ceremonia de
bienvenida para su tripulaci6n. La
parada le permiti6 a los visitantes
la oportunidad de recorrer el
hist6rico barco antes de su transito
el lo.demayo. E1Jeremiah O'Brien
ha transitado el Canal en dos
ocasiones previas.
Bautizado en honor del co-
mandante estadounidense quediri-

gi6 la primera acci6n naval en
contra de los britinicos en 1775, el
Jeremiah O'Brien fuecontruidopor
la New England Shipbuilding Cor-
poration de South Portland, Maine,
en solamente 56 dias. Transport6
municiones, granos y otra carga
seca desde los Estados Unidos a
Inglaterra y realiz6 11 viajes desde
Inglaterra a las playas de Nor-
mandfaen Francia. Luegode servir
2 afios y medio y realizar siete
travesias durante la guerra, el
O'Brien fue guardado en la Flota
de Reserva de la Defensa Nacional
en febrero de 1946.
Luego de permanecer 33 afios
almacenado, el barco fue sometido
a un reacondicionamiento comple-
to en 1979. En 1980 fue declarado
Monumento Hist6rico Nacional
por el Congreso de los Estados
Unidos y ha estado abierto en San
Francisco como monumento con-
memorativo a los marinos mer-
cantes. Un ej6rcito de voluntarios,
muchos de ellos tripulantes de
Barcos Libertad durante la
Segunda Guerra Mundial,
trabajaron para ponerlo en
condiciones para su travesia
trasatldntica. "Absolutamente no
hay ningiin problema con el barco;

esta bien", dice George Jahn, el
capitan de 78 afios del barco,
cuando se le pregunt6 sobre su
La tripulaci6n del Jeremiah
O'Brien esti compuesta por 55
tripulantes, aproximadamente la
mitad de ellos veteranos de guerra.
El capitan Jahn explica que el ta-
mafio de una tripulaci6n regular es
de 40, pero que ellos tienen algunos
extras por razones de manteni-
miento. La edad promedio de la
tripulaci6n es71 afios, pero tambi6n
hay dos j6venes cadetes de la
Academia de Marina Mercante de
los Estados Unidos a bordo.
"He estado optimista sobre la
posibilidad de hacer esta travesia,
y ahora estA sucediendo", dice el
marino William Bennett, veterano
de la guerra de Corea. "Para mi, es
un asunto de orgullo nacional".
El barco es esperado a finales
de mes en Portsmouth, Inglaterra,
en donde se uniri a un convoy de
buques aliados rumbo a la costa de
Normandia para participar en el
aniversario del Dia-D el6 dejunio.
"Nunca esper6 regresar", dice el
capitan Jahn. "Estoyorgulloso de
poder hacerlo en el mismo tipo de
barco que dirigi en 1944".

Mejorando la seguridad Foto por Susan K. Stabler
El ayudante de montador de tuberias de la Divisi6n Industrial Frederic
Burkey el obrero Orlando Maxwell muestran lospremiospor sugerencias
que recibieron por motivar a los gerentes a expandir las inspecciones
anuales de seguridad dentro delprograma de mantenimiento. Aparecen
el Capataz de Reparadores de Botes Jairo Parra, Burke, elJefe Collin P.
Corrigan, Maxwelly el Capataz General de Reparadores de Botes Martin

Maquina de Divisi6n Industrial culmina larga carrera

Tomandoforma Foto por Susan K. Stabler
El armador de buques Eladio Rodriguez conocido como "el artista del
puente"por sus companieros de la Divisi6n Industrial, opera los controles
de la mdquina dobladora de 65 aios de antiguedad que moldea su iltima
plancha de acero en una secci6n de tuberia de draga en su iltimo dia de
operaciones. Laplanchaya empieza a tomarlaforma curva de la tubenra.

Por Susan K. Stabler
Sin fanfarrias ni fiesta de
despedida, un veterano de 65 afios
sejubil6 de la Divisi6n Industrial el
mes pasado. La mdquina de do-
bladuras de cilindro de la divisi6n,
capaz de transformar pedazos
pianos de metal en objetos cur-
vados, simplemente trabaj6 hasta
el filtimo minuto de su tiltimo dia,
doblando liminas de acero para
convertirlas en tuberia de draga.
Al principio se esperaba que la
miquina durara unos 35 afios.
Adquirida por $12,462, fue instalada
en la Divisi6n Industrial, entonces
llamada la Divisi6n MecAnica, el 2
de enero de 1929. En los afios 60,
sus dos motores el6ctricos, de 15 y
50 caballos de fuerza, fueron
reemplazadosbajo el proyecto para

convertir el sistema el6ctrico del
Canal de Panamd de 25 a 60 ciclos.
Aquellos que trabajaron con la
vieja maquina a trav6s de los afios
dicen que era un caballo de carga
confiable, doblando hasta 150 pies
lineales de tuberia al dia. Tambi6n
contorneaba liminas de acero para
las secciones de proa y popa de los
remolcadores, las barcazas y la
perforadora Thor y, de acuerdo
con el capataz del Taller de
Metalurgia Glen Pringle, "produjo
suficiente tuberia para cubrir dos o
tres veces el largo del Canal".
"Era una buena mAquina, muy
confiable", dice Pringle. "Sim-
plemente estaba vieja y requeria
mucho mantenimiento". Pringle
se uni6 a la Divisi6n Industrial casi
30 afios atrAs como aprendiz y dice

que afin en ese tiempo la consi-
deraba vieja. Atribuye su longe-
vidad al excelente mantenimiento.
La vieja maquina ahora ha sido
desmanteladayremovidadel taller.
Su reemplazo se construye en la
Oliver H. Van Horn Company Inc.,
de Nueva Orleans. Fue comprada
por $330,000 y se espera que legue
a la Divisi6n Industrial a mediados
de agosto. Sera instalada en el
taller de metalurgia en el mismo
lugar de su predecesora.
Pringle dice que la nueva
dobladora de cilindros podrd hacer
mis cosas que la vieja, y podrA
hacer algunas tareas que requerian
dos pasos en lavieja maquina en un
solo paso. Ain asi, piensa que el
desempeiio de la vieja miquina es
muy dificil de imitar.

PAgina 2

s enreiV 20 de mayo de 1994

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Motor de practice refina destrezas de ingenieros

Adiestramiento prctico Foto por Armando De Gracia
Ingenierosde remolcadoresde laDivisi6n deServicios alCanalreemplazan
la tapa de una unidad de engranaje en elnuevo motor de adiestramiento
luego de haberlo desarmado. En la direcci6n de las manecillas del reloj,
desde abajo alaizquierda, aparecen los ingenierosjefesencargadosRobert
T. Geddes Jr. y LuisA. NaarJr., el ingeniero administrador Tomds Rowe
y los ingenieros jefes encargados Josd M. Solanoy Ricardo A. Brown.

Por Susan Harp
Quince ingenieros jefes de
remolcadores y un capataz
mecAnico tornero identificaron
diezproblemas de construcci6n en
la maquina de remolcador que
inspeccionaron durante un curso
de dos semanas ofrecido a las
divisiones de Servicios al Canal e
Industrial este mes. La maquina,
especialmente disefiada para la
Comisi6n del Canal, fueconstruida
con mis de30 defectos. Estudiarla
ayuda a losingenieros y mecanicos
torneros a tener una mejor
comprensi6n de las maquinas que
ellos deben reparar y mantener.
Construida por la General
Motors y distruibuida por Stewart
and Stevenson, de Houston, la
maquina de entrenamiento de ocho
cilindros es del mismo tipo que las
maquinasde 12cilindros instaladas
en 16 remolcadores del Canal de
Panami. Tambi6n es parecida a

Establecen nuevo programa de ejercicios en taller

Por Yira A. Flores
La Comisi6n del Canal ha
implementado un nuevo programa
para reducir lesiones 6seas y
musculares de trabajo, particu-
larmente enlaespalda. Organizado
por las divisiones de Seguridad y
Salud Ocupacional y el Ramo para
el Acondicionamiento Fisico del
Empleado, el programa logra que
los empleados piensen sobre la
seguridad desde temprano en la
mafiana. En los primeros 15
minutos de cada dia de trabajo
hacen ejercicios de estiramiento y
calentamiento, antes de emprender
cualquier labor.
La terapista fisica Jennifer
Gondos sefiala que hay dos
maneras de evitar lesiones 6seas y
musculares enlos empleados. Una
es disminuir la exposici6n a riesgos
haciendo que los empleados halen,
levanten o carguen pesos mis
livianos; la otra es mejorar su
condici6n fisica por medio de las
t6cnicas usadas por los atletas.
"Nadie mandaria a un jugador de
fitbol al campo sin haber calentado
antes", explica.
Gondos dice que el programa
de entrenamiento en el trabajo es
un nuevo concepto en la Comisi6n.
Su principal objetivo son los
trabajadores industriales, aunque
se esta modificando para satisfacer
las necesidades de todos los
empleados interesados.
El Jefe de la Divisi6n de
Electricidad, E. D.Schnack aprob6
que elTaller deArmadura fuera el
grupo piloto del programa.
"Schnack comprendi6 enseguida
la importancia del programa y
estaba ansioso porque su divisi6n
fuera la primera", dice Gondos.
Cuatro especialistas del Ramo
para el Acondicionamiento Fisico

del Empleado fueron entrenados
para dirigir el programa. En el
primer mes un especialista dirige
los ejercicios a diario. Durante el
segundo mes, el especialista dirige
los ejercicios tres veces por semana
y entrena a un miembro del grupo
para que tome la responsabilidad
del grupo.
El Capataz del Taller de
Armadura Emilio Wong es uno de
los empleados entrenados para
dirigir los ejercicios bajo el
programa. Diciendo que el
programa ha mejorado la
condiciones fisicas del grupo,
agrega con una sonrisa que,
"Algunos empleados me han dicho
quesus ropas de trabajo les quedan
mejor que antes -- no tan
Segfin Wong, el programa
tambi6n ha elevado la moral de los
empleados y les ha dado mis
confianza. "Tienenlaoportunidad

de trabajar en grupo yrelacionarse
entre ellos en un ambiente distinto
al de trabajo", agrega. Elreparador
de equipo el6ctrico Jos6 Murillo
dice que 6l estaba receloso del
programa al principio. "Yo sufro
un problema de la columnay temia
lastimarme con los ejercicios",
explica, "pero despu6s de probarlos
me siento mejor".
Las solicitudes para que el
programa sea ofrecido en otras
unidades de la Comisi6n se estAn
programando segfn el orden en
que se reciben. Las unidades
interesadas deben contactar
primero al Ramo para el
Adiestramiento Fisico del
Empleado. Luegolos especialistas
discutiran el programa con el jefe
de la unidad y con los empleados
participantes antes de iniciar los
ejercicios, los cualesvariaran segin
el tipo de trabajo que realiza la

las de la dragaMindi. La maquina
diesel de 1,050 caballos de fuerza
pesa unas 10 toneladas y mide 8
pies de alto por10 pies de largo.
"La mdquina tiene muchas
fallas que no se podrian ver en una
maquina reconstruida. Pusimos
tantas como pudimos para que los
ingenieros puedan reconocerlas y
tambi6n regresar despu6s a
revisarlas", dice Ken Morowsky,
representante de Stewart and
Stevenson a cargo del en-
Los defectos incluyen anillos
rotos, una cabeza de cilindro
partida, cojinetes del cigiefial
defectuosos y pistones partidos.
Los estudiantes identificaron fallas,
revisaron la nueva informaci6n
sobre la maquina y aprendieron a
resolver y reparar bombas y
ventiladores. Tambi6n pudieron
consultarle a Morowsky, con
experienciaentrenando ingenieros
en latinoam6rica, sobre problemas
que confrontan en su trabajo.
Comprada por una fracci6n de
su precio de $250,000 por sus partes
funcionales, la maquina de

entrenamiento esta colocada en el
hangar pr6ximo ala estaci6n de los
ingenieros en Diablo. Even-
tualmente sera trasladada a un
nuevo sal6n de entrenamiento que
sera afiadido a la estaci6n. El
edificio tendra un sal6n de clases,
mesas de trabajo, taller de
soldadura, la mdquina y una gria
para levantar piezas.
La maquina de entrenamiento
permitira a los empleados
prepararse con seguridad para las
reparaciones complejas en las
maquinas de los remolcadores.
"Cuando los ingenieros tienen que
tratar con los problemas reales en
los remolcadores, pueden venir
aqui y practicar primero", explica
el jefe de la flota Allen R. Briem.
Los ingenieros tambi6n
reconocen los beneficios. "Uno
puede ensefiar con un libro, pero
una vez que se practica,
permanece", dice el ingenierojefe
encargado Russ Herrington,
agregando, "al unira los ingenieros,
tambi6n hemos tenido mucho
intercambio de informaci6n y
hemos compartido experiencias".

Nota hist6rica
Ciudadanos norteamericanos
en el istmo fueron invitados a la
toma de posesi6n del Presidente
electo Belisario Porras el lo. de
octubre de 1912. Se hicieron
invitaciones especiales a organi-
zaciones y otros grupos para
'tparticipar activamente" en la

...viene de laportada
debatidas entre las agencias
interesadas del gobierno de los
Estados Unidos, incluyendo los
departamentos de Estado,
Defensa, Comercio y Justicia, asi
como la Comisi6n. El Presidente
Clintonbas6 sus recomendaciones
alCongreso enestasdeliberaciones
Las leyes para implementar
estas recomendaciones estan
actualmente siendo desarrolladas
por la Comisi6n y coordinadas en
Washington, D.C., donde seespera
que sean introducidas y
consideradas por el Congreso este
mismo afio.

Desde Washington

Debaten autorizaci6n para afio fiscal 1995

Ejercicos matutinos Foto por Armando De Gracia
El instructor Eddy Veldsquez dirige a los empleados del Taller de
Annadura queparticipan en el nuevoprograma de ejercicios en el trabajo
de la Comisi6n del Canalde Panam. Los ejercicios estdn diseniadospara
mejorar la condici6n fisica general de los empleados y prepararlos para
actividades intensas sin lesionarse.

El 19 de abril, el Congresista
Billy Tauzin, presidente del
Subcomit6 de Servicios de
Guardacostas y Navegaci6n,
introdujo el H.R. 4246, Ley de
Autorizaciones de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama para el Aiio
Fiscal 1995. El proyecto fue
copatrocinado por el Presidente
del Comit6 de Marina Mercante y
Pesca, Gerry Studds. En una sesi6n
el 20 de abril, el Subcomit6 de
Servicios de Guardacostas y
Navegaci6n aprob6 el proyecto sin
modificaciones. El Comit6 de
Marina Mercante y Pesca de la
Cimara se reuni6 el 11 de mayo e
inform6 sobre el proyecto H.R.
4246 a toda la Camara de
El comit6 aprob6 una
enmienda, auspiciada por el Rep.

Gene Taylor, D-Miss., para que la
Comisi6n compre autom6viles
hechos enlos Estados Unidos. Esta
enmienda es similar a una
considerada y rechazada por el
Congreso el afio pasado. La
Comisi6n se opone a la enmienda
(como lo hizo el afio pasado)
porque es contraria a las
obligaciones de la Comisi6n con el
Tratado del Canal de Panama
respecto a adquisiciones. Se espera
pronto la acci6n y aprobaci6n del
pleno a esta legislaci6n.

Desde Washington se origina en la
Oficina del Secretario en Washington,
D.C. Las sugerencias deben enviarse a
"The Secretary, Panama Canal Commis-
sion, International Square, 1825 I Street
N.W., Suite 1050, Washington, D.C. 20006,
o a la editora del Spillway, Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama, Oficina 100, Edificio
de Administraci6n, Altos de Balboa.

Pigina 3

Diseio ganador
Rodrigo F. Cigarruista,
especialista en contratos
encargado de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panand, muestra el
diseilo ganador del concurso de
canisetasdel4deJulioeste aio.
Cigarruista tambidn gan6 el
concurso en 1992ylleg6 segundo
el ano pasado. Los Boy Scouts
estardn vendiendo las camisetas
el lunes en el Edificio de
Administraci6n y en varios
puntos de las bases militares.
Foto por Jaime Fernmndez

Tomenota El plazoparaenviar ma- El premio en efectivo
Para apoyar el esfuerzo terial de publicaci6n para la para el ganador de la
deconversi6ndelaComisi6n edici6n del 3 de junio del Competencia de Tiradores
del Canal al sistema m6trico, Spillway hasidoadelantado de Uneas fue donado por la
el Spillway solicita que todas para el mircoles 25de mayo Asociaci6n de Practicos del
las medidas incluidas en alas 11:45 a.m. debido a la Canal de Panama y no la
material depublicaci6n sean celebraci6n del Dfa de Organizaci6n Internacional
expresadas en el sistema Recordaci6n. Para mas de Maestres, Ayudantes y
m6trico y no en el sistema detalles, Ilame ala editora al Practicos como se anunci6
ingl4s. 52-3202. en el Spillway.

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 20 de mayo de 1994

Eventos locales

Feria de la salud Foto por Susan K. Stabler
La entom6loga de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd, Gloria de Obaldia, discute el
ciclo de vida de un mosquito "Aedes aegypti", portador del dengue, con el mecdnico
tornero de las Esclusas de Gatirn Fernando Esquivel durante la reciente feria de la
salud en Gatin. El ticnico bi6logo Anofre Campbell, quien ayud6 a la Unidad de
Entomologia con la exposicidn, aparece atrds.

Comisi6n anuncia cursos para empleados
La Oficina de Desarrollo de Recursos Humanos ofrecerA los siguientes cursos a los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal
de PanamA. Las nominaciones deben hacerse a traves de los gerentes de programas de adiestramiento antes del plazo
indicado. Todas las clases se dictarAn en ingl6s, a excepci6n del curso "Destrezas BAsicas del Empleado Canalero Eficaz" y
la sesi6n matutina del "Curso Sobre la Espalda y la Mecanica del Cuerpo", que seran en espafiol. Ademis de los cursos
listados, se ofrecera el M6dulo 6 del Programa de Adiestramiento de Oficinistas del 20 al 24 de junio, que incluye
"Introducci6n a SuperCalc 5", "C6mo Manejar a su Supervisor", y "T6cnicas BAsicas de Redacci6n". Tambi6n se ofrecen
una serie de paquetes de adiestramiento individualizados sobre una variedad de temas en el Centro Computarizado de
Adiestramiento, que incluye "Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras", prerequisito para los cursos marcados con un

Cursos (y grupo al que se asigna) Fecha
Reclamos y Disputas (especialistas en contra-
tos) ............................... 2 y 3/6
Elementos de AnAlisis (asistentes administrativos
en grados NM-4 a NM-9) ................ 6-8/6
Administraci6n de Archivos (personal de apoyo
de oficinas, custodios de archivos y oficiales
de enlace de archives) .................. 6-9/6
C6mo Complacer al Cliente por Tel6fono
(personal de apoyo de oficinas) ........... 8/6
C6mo Formar Equipos de Alto Desempeiio
(gerentes y supervisores) ................. 13-16/6
Curso sobre la Espalda y la MecAnica del
Cuerpo ............................... 14/6
T6cnicas te Planificaci6n, Programaci6n y
Control de Proyectos (empleados en grado
NM-9 en adelante) .................... 15-17/6
Orientaci6n a Empleados Nuevos ........... 20/6
El Especialista de Personal Como Asesor de la
Gerencia (personal del Ramo de Clasificaci6n
de Puestos) ............................ 20 y 21/6
Selecci6n de Personal para la Posici6n de
Especialista de Clasificaci6n de Puestos
(personal del Ramo de clasificaci6n de puestos) 22 y 23/6
Actualizaci6n del Supervisor: El Acoso Sexual 28/6
Destrezas BAsicas del Empleado Canalero
Eficaz (trabajadores manuales que no sean
supervisores) ......................... 28 y 29/6
Manual de Correspondencia de la Comisi6n
(personal de apoyo de oficinas) ........... 29 y 30/6
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Cuadros
(quienes hayan tomado "Introducci6n a Word-
Perfect"). ............................ 2/6
Introducci6n a WordPerfect* ............... 6-8/6
Taller de Norton Commander* ............. 10/6
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Macros
BAsicos (quienes hayan tornado "Introducci6n
a WordPerfect") ...................... 14 y 15/6
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Columnas
y Grificas (quienes hayan torado "Introducci6n
a WordPerfect") ...................... 22 y 23/6
Funciones Avanzadas WordPerfect: Intercalar/
Clasificar (quienes hayan torado "Introduc-
ci6n a WordPerfect").................... 27/6
Introducci6n a SuperCalc* ................. 27-29/6













8:00-4:00 25/5
8:00-4:00 27/5

8:00-4:00 27/5





7:30-4:00 24/5


Actividades de verano
El programa de verano para dependientes
de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama sera
del 21 de junio al 12 de agosto, y las
inscripciones abren el 31 de mayo. La
informaci6n esta disponible en los centros
del Ramo de Acondicionamiento Fisico.

Recital de piano
El pianista Xu Zhong, ganador del
premio interacional de Santander, Espafia,
se presentara el 24 de mayo a las 8 p.m. en
el Teatro La Huaca del Centro de
Convenciones ATLAPA. Organizada por
la Asociaci6n Nacional de Conciertos de
Panama, la presentaci6n es auspiciada por
el Banco Mercantil del Istmo. Los boletos
de $20 y $5 para estudiantes pueden
obtenerse en las tiendas Argosy y Allegro o
en la asociaci6n (25-4951).

Muieri da neannocinos

Lugar El Capitulo del Canal de Panami de la

C.A. Asociaci6n Americana de Mujeres de
Negocios ofrece adiestramiento a mujeres
C.A. para promover sus carreras y desarrollo
personal. Se invita a las interesadas en
C.A. aprender mis sobre la asociaci6n a asistir a
sus reuniones el segundo lunes de cada mes
C.A. en el Restaurante de Curundu.

C.A. Marat6n de recordaci6n

C.A. Hasta el 30 de mayo serAn las inscripcio-
C.A. nes para un marat6n del Dia de Recordaci6n
organizado por el Gimnasio de Margarita.
C.A. El evento se inciara a las 7 a.m. el 30 de
C.A. mayo en el gimnasio. Para mAs informaci6n
o para incribirse, lame al gimnasio (43-
C.A. 7300) entre 3 y 9 p.m. martes, jueves o
viernes, o de 10 a.m. a 4 p.m. el sabado.

Primeros auxilios
El Centro Juvenil de Gatim ofrecera un
curso de primeros auxilios el 25 y 26 de
mayo de 4 a 7 p.m. Para inscribirse u
obtener mayor informaci6n, lame a Albano
Humberto Aguilar (43-5353) entre 1 y 8:45
p.m. de martes a viernes o entre 8 a.m. y 4
p.m. el sabado.

Artes marciales en Gamboa
Se estAn ofreciendo clases de arte marcial
coreano tang soo do, de 5:30 a 7 p.m. de
lunes a miercoles en el Centro Civico de
Gamboa por el quinto dan Aries Fernandez.
Las clases son para adultos y nifios mayores
de 5 afios. Para mis informaci6n, Ilame al

Clases de salvamento
La Piscina de Balboa ofrecera clases de
resucitaci6n cardiopulmonar de adultos el
21 de mayo de 1 a 5 p.m. en el Centro
Deportivo de Diablo, clases de RCP de
infantes y nifios el 22 de mayo de 9 a.m. a 3
p.m. en Diablo y seguridad para emergencias
en elagua el 28 y 29 de mayo de 1 a 5 p.m.
en la piscina. Para inscribirse o mis
informaci6n, lame a la piscina (52-5493) de
10 a.m. a 5:45 p.m.

Noticias de buceo
El Club de Buceo de Balboa realizara
viajes a la Isla Roatan del 28 de mayo al 4
de junio y al parque acuatico de Portobelo
el 25 y 26 de junio. El club acepta
aplicaciones para nuevos miembros y para
la "Olimpiada de Buceo" que se realizara en
la piscina de Albrook el I 1 de junio. Llamar
al 63-8077 para mas detalles.



717 Bal.
717 Bal.
717 Bal.
717 Bal.
717 Bal.

717 Bal.


7:30-4:00 6/6 717 Bal.
7:30-3:30 6/6 Gat6n


Administrador, Comisidn del Canal de Panamd
Directors de.R
Director Asociado

Relaciones Ptblicas
Directora Asociada

El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Los articulos que en ella aparecen
pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, Anicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser entregada antes del mediodia
del jueves anterior a la semana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del mi6rcoles si hay algfin dia feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n.
Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular para estudiantes y $19 por correo aCreo. Envie
cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n, Ilame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de
Relaciones Pdblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Barcaza transita Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El remolcador "Sea Venture" hala la barcaza "St. Thomas" por las Esclusas de
Miraflores durante un trdnsito hacia el Sur por el Canal de Panamd. La "400',
barcaza hermana de la "St. Thomas'" transit la via acudtica el dia anterior, y atrac6
en Balboa para esperar a la "St. Thomas". Propiedad de Crowley Marine, las
barcazas transportan equipo de perforacidn de petrdleo desde Luisiana a Prudhoe
Bay en Alaska. Su agente en el Canal es la Boyd Steamship Corporation.

Pisina 4


Lista de Vacantes

presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mAs
tardar siete dias calendario despu6s de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado para Prueba al Azar por Drogas
D' '(TDP) tendrdn que someterse a una prueba de urinalisis para descartar el uso ilegal de drogas antes del nombramiento o
del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigird el urinAlisis a los empleados que ocupen un puesto sujeto a prueba por
drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones en la linea normal de promoci6n,
n r los empleados en servicio podrAn calificar con al menos un afio de experiencia especializada en uno o dos grades
inferiores al de la posici6n.
: Los solicitantes podrAn repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa).
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y mAximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los grados de
las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para Ilenar una vacante serin colocados en el escal6n, grado y
tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilamando al 52-3583.
Salario Si- can-
Puestos permanentes bisico Unidad tio tes
Auditor NM-12 .............................. $19.71/$25.63 Inspector General P 2
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama es un empleador que so ajusta a la
Ley sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades.