The Panama Canal spillway =

Material Information

The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Portion of title:
Parallel title:
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Alternate title:
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Place of Publication:
Balboa Hights C.Z
Panama Canal
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Biweekly[Jan. 6, 1984-1999]
Weekly[ FORMER <June 1966>-Dec. 23, 1983]
Physical Description:
37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )


Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note:
Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note:
Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note:
Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note:
Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
02582102 ( OCLC )
83642750 ( LCCN )
0364-8044 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Commission Board

of Directors to meet

in Panama next week
The Panama Canal Commission Board
of Directors will hold its third quarterly
meeting for fiscal year 1994 on April 13 at
the Balboa Heights Administration Build-
ing. During the meeting, the board will
make its final review of proposed vessel-
measurement rule changes for the imple-
mentation of the Panama Canal/Universal
Measurement System.
In addition, Commission Administrator
Gilberto Guardia F. will report on Canal
maintenance and improvement programs.
The board will also hear reports from Sec-
retary Michael Rhode Jr. and Chief Finan-
cial Officer Norbert E. Kraegel, as well as
from the board's standing audit, transition
and personnel and security committees.

Apprentice positions

open for permanent

Canal employees

Classes to begin October 3

The Employment and Placement Branch
is recruitingpermanent Panama Canal Com-
mission employees who want to learn new
skills under the Apprentice Program. (See
the Position Vacancy List on page 4 of this
issue.) The positions should be of particular
interest to employees at or below the MG-
9 or NM-7 grade levels. Most apprentice-
ships have target grades of MG-10 and
consist of four years of training, but two
crafts (plumbing and roofing) have target
grades of MG-9 and require onlythree years
of training. Passing a swimming test is
required for some positions, while others
require a driver's license. Shift work, which
may include weekend duties, will be re-
quired for some crafts, beginning with the
second or third year of the apprenticeship.
Apprentices generally spend two years
attending classes and workshops at the Ap-
prentice School, including English language
instruction if necessary. Extensive on-the-
job training is given during the last two years.
Classes will begin on October 3.
Persons qualified for ajourneyman posi-
tion will not be selected for an apprentice-
ship position in that trade, and those who
have already completed an apprenticeship
will not be considered for trainingin another
apprentice trade. Employees who are earn-
ing a higher rate of pay will not be entitled
to pay retention.
Applicants must be high school gradu-
ates and must pass a written test that maybe
taken in either Spanish or English. Those
who have already passed the test will not be
retested. A review of arithmetic, decimals,
fractions, percentages, weights and mea-
sures, areas and volumes, ratios and propor-
tions, high-school algebra and mechanical
principles is recommended before taking
the test. Sample questions are available at
the Employment and Placement Branch.
The deadline to submit applications is
April 15. Applicants may select up to five
apprenticeship choices, but must submit a
separate Standard Form 443 for each within
a given district (Atlantic or Pacific). Help
regarding trade selection is available at the
Employment and Placement Branch in
Building 366, Ancon, or by calling 52-3583.

Take note
A recent Panama National Insti-
tute of Natural Renewable Resources
resolution makes it illegal to affix any
type of announcement to a tree
through the use of nails, other meta-
llic objects or substances that may be
hazardous to the tree.

Labor-manage n meeting
Labor representatives meet with Panama
Canal Commission Administrator
Gilberto Guardia F., at far end of the
table; Deputy Administrator Raymond P.
Laverty; and other Commission officials
to kick off the agency's labor-manage-
P 9mentpartnership council. Required
under an executive order issued late last
year, agency partnership councils are an
important element of the National
Performance Review headed by U.S.
Vice PresidentAlbert Gore Jr. to
"reinvent" govemment. A working group
formed during the local meeting will
design the structure of the
Photo by Kevin Jenkins.'

PANAMA Providing passage into the twenty-first century

N RSAR 1914-

1994 1 M _WW 'Or

Vol. XXXII, No. 7

Friday, April 8, 1994

New rig to be used in cut-widening work

By Susan Harp
The Panama Canal Commission recently
purchased a akeypiece of equipment for use
in connection with subaquatic excavation
during the Gaillard Cut widening program.
The $1.7 million land-drilling rig arrived
at Cristobal last week in 29 different con-
tainers. Dredging Division personnel will
assemble the drill, which weighs more than
185-tons, at Gamboa with help from five
representatives of the Harnischfeger Cor-
poratiorn (P&HI), the Wisconsin manufac-
turer of the machine.
The drill consists of a 23-foot-wide by
58-foot-long body that houses the motor

and controls and a 102-foot-high tower
that houses the drilling equipment. It is
capable of drilling a 65-foot deep vertical
hole in a single pass with all its pipe
sections connected. Not having to with-
draw the drill to add on extra pipes will
save the Commission time and labor.
The drill's electric motor can exert a
force of up to 125,000 pounds on the drill bit
and makes holes almost 10 inches in diam-
eter. When the rig is finished with one hole,
its mast can be folded down and it can be
moved to another drill site without disas-
sembling anything. It moves along on belts,
like a bulldozer.

An operator runs the new drill from an
air conditioned cabin while two or three
helpers work on pipe assembly and place-
"As soon as the operators are trained
and we test it, the rig will go into service,"
says Ricardo Chen, the assistant to the Dredg-
ing Division chief. Its first job will be to
make blasting holes for the explosives that
will break up material along the banks of the
northern end of Gaillard Cut for subsequent
removal by dredges.
The dredgeRialtoM. Christensen issched-
uled to remove 960,000 cubic yards from the
cut during fiscal years 1995 and 1996.

Police academy cadets tour Canal installations

A total of 124 cadets from the National
PoliceAcademyvisited PanamaCanal Com-
mission residential and operational areas
last week for an orientation on the Panama
Canal and the security programs to protect
its installations and equipment. The cadets,
who were completing their 18th week of
training, will graduate soon and will be
assigned exclusively to the Canal area.
The orientation was organized by the
General Services Bureau Liaison Office,

with support provided by field units from the
Engineering and Construction Bureau,
Marine Bureau and Office ofPublicAffairs.
"This is the first time we've presented
this kind of orientation to such a large
group," sayslead liaison officerJos6J. Tufi6n.
To help with logistics and give individuals a
better chance to see things close up and ask
questions, the cadetswere divided into three
groups for the briefings and tours in the
Northern and Southern districts.

The cadets were briefed on the history of
the Panama Canal and Canal security. They
visited Gatun Locks, Gatun and Madden
dams, the Dredging and Industrial divisions,
MirafloresWater Filtration Plant, Commis-
sion residential areas and other installations
and operating areas.
The orientation focused on the impor-
tance of the Panama Canal and the security
of its installations and equipment to both the
waterway and the Republic of Panama.

Canal Orenation Photo by Jaime Fernndez
At Contractor's Hill a group of National Police Academy cadets gather around Canal Protection Division watch supervisor Luther Quinn,
left, foran explanation ofthesecuritymeasures thatprotectthissection ofGaillard Cut. A total of 124 cadets visited Panama Canal Commission
residential and operational areas on both sides ofthe Isthmus foran orientation on the Panama Canal and its securityprograms. All the cadets,
who will graduate in the next few weeks, will be assigned to police duty in the Canal area.

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, April 8, 1994

Cayuco competitors Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Four cayucos participating in the 41st annual ocean-to-ocean Cayuco Race vie forposition during the competition. After winning the race
for the last three years, the "Misconception, "seen at top right slid into second place this year, losing to the crew of the "Utmost," which broke
records for all five stretches of the race and set an overall race record of 5 hours 15 minutes 18 seconds. The Panamanian crew of the "Delfin, "
a cayuco made in the Perlas Islands and seen here in the foregroun, waspresented the Efraim Leon-Guerrero rotating sportsmanship trophy
during the awards ceremony at Curundu Junior High School on March 27.

Commission offers

counseling support to

employees, families
Personal problems can affect work per-
formance, but help is available through the
Panama Canal Commission Employee As-
sistance Program. Although the primary
thrust of the program is the evaluation and
treatment of drug- and alcohol-abuse prob-
lems, it also addresses matters such as smok-
ing cessation, stress management, food and
other addictions and personal or family
problems. It seeks to enhance self-esteem,
encourage good health and promote safety
in the workplace.
Trained professionals provide evalua-
tion, counseling and treatment to employ-
ees participatingin the program. Preventive
education services increase employee aware-
ness and promote the early detection of
potential problems, while crisis intervention

Befuddled linguists ponder 2000s

A recent issue of the Kiplinger Washing- At the beginning of the 20th cen-
ton Letter, December 3, 1993, to be exact, tury, they were able to say nineteen
has an item saying, "What to call the next one, but when we get to 2001, we
decade is beginning to befuddle linguists." won't be able to say "twenty one"
Linguists! What about the rest of us ordi- without getting confusedwith twenty-
nary folk? one, so we'll have to say "twenty oh
"After the'90s," it asks, "what will it be? one," "twenty oh two," and so on.
The Zeroes? Aughts? Ohs? Oh-ohs?" Somebody is sure to say "20 double
How does the "FY00 budget" sound? zip" and "20 zip 1" instead. The
Bleak, that's how -- with that empty looking possibilities appear limitless -- and
00 coming right after the rich, full 99 of the not pretty.
year before. And would you call it "zero Why does it sound so awkward to say
zero" or "double aught" or "double noth- 2000astwentyhundred? Nineteen hundred
ing"? sounds fine. So does twenty-one hundred. It
How did they handle it at the beginning sounds OK to say "in the year two thou-
of the last century? Who is old enough to sand," but it would be silly to say "in the year
remember? Had fiscal years even been one thousand nine hundred."
invented then? It'sprobably all in what one gets used to,

and we undoubtedly will. Get used to it, that
is. After all, what choice is there?
And now, consider something else from
the aforementioned Kiplinger Washington
Letter, "We do knowthat the timekeepers at
the U.S. Naval Observatory in D.C. say the
century starts Jan. 1, 2001... not 2000, when
most will celebrate." What?

Canal residents recall war episodes

This is the third aricle in afour-partseries
about how World War II affected Panama
Canal operations and the people who lived
near and worked at the waterway.

By Susan Harp
As darkness fell on the Sunday of the
Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, Betty
Chan was sitting in a friend's car parked
outside her Canal area residence, listening
to a radio news broadcast. Panama Canal
officials had complied with blackout orders
by pulling the main electricity switch, and
carradios instantlybecame agatheringplace
for Chan (nowBettyChan Snow),her friends
and their parents.
Snow's father worked for what is now the
Panama Canal Commission Treasurer's
Office. She was a teenager at the time and
recalls that everyone was afraid the water-
way would be the next target. Two fearful
nights passed as they listened for the sound
of approaching planes; meanwhile, mem-
bers of the community began making the
adjustments that would last for the next four
To comply with the blackout, streetlights
were left dark at night and car headlights
were painted over except for a 2- by 5-inch
opening. A model house was set up in
Diablo Heights to demonstrate the type of
shaded lights allowed before the 11 p.m.
total blackout curfew. Roy Knoop, who
later became a Curundu Junior High School
teacher, remembers his father making spe-
cial lamp shades out of milk cans to keep
indoor lighting from shining through the
John Herring, a teenager living in the
Canal area during the war, remembers stay-

ing up late once playing poker with his
friends. At about 11:15 p.m., the phone
rang, and a blackout observer from Quarry
Heights informed them they'd better get
their lights out-- or else. The teenagers were
impressed with the all-seeing eye of the
observer and the speed with which he found
their phone number..
Vehicles were still being driven on the
left side of the road, British style, when the
war began. In April 1943, both Panama and
the Canal area changed to right-side driving.
Despite the 18 mile-per-hour city speed
limit, blackout conditions caused many col-
lisions. According to the Panama Canal
Review, many vehicles ran into the unlit
lightposts that lined the streets.
Temporary air-raid shelters were con-
structed in each communitysurrounding the
Canal, usuallyon thegroundlevelof wooden
houses built on stilts. Knoop remembers
"helping out" by playing with his friends in
the construction sand while their fathers
built the shelters.
Snow, Diane Yost Mason and Isabella
Zemer Lively were Balboa High School
seniors in 1943, and Mason recalls being
allowed to date officers because they rated
a driver who could double as a chaperone.
James Young, a contemporary of Mason's
and a former Panama Canal tugboat pilot,
remembers making the model airplanes that
were used to teach soldiers enemy-plane
Scavenging for spare anything was the
order of day because of wartime shortages.
According to the Panama Canal Review,
long abandoned French dredges were sal-
vaged for their scrap metal and high school
students collected magazines for the sol-

diers and bottles and coat hangers for recy-
cling. Rubber was even collected from
Canal area trees.
Moneywas raised to help pay for the war
by selling U.S. War Bonds at social events.
According to the Panama Canal Review, a
carnival event held in February 1944 near
Balboa Stadium sold over $1 million in
bonds. Carnival queen Ethel Kriza raised
$730,499 from Pacific-side residents.
Snow remembers feeling sad when she
went to dances sponsored by United Service
Organizations because she met soldiers com-
ing from one battle in Europe and heading
for another in the Pacific. But one dance was
different. When the end of the war was
finally announced, they danced all night.

Preparing for the worst
In the photo below, Canal area residents
work on a bomb shelterduring World WarlI.

Confidentiality is

guaranteed to


services provide immediate support for
employees experiencing emotional upheav-
als. Counseling services include:
individual and group sessions to
promote changes in self-image and lifestyle,
identify alternatives, establish positive goals
and enhance job performance;
family intervention to support em-
ployees in enhancing relationships, orient
family members to understand addiction
and how their own actions can hinder a
patient's recovery, help familymembers rec-
ognize their own problems and point out
patterns of dysfunctional marriages; and
stress counseling to encourage
changes in attitudes, expectations and
lifestyles; build support systems; and de-
velop planning, time-management, prob-
lem-solving, social, communications and
environmental-adaptation skills.
When specialized or long-term treat-
ment services are not available within the
Commission, the EmployeeAssistance Pro-
gram makes referrals to organizations pro-
viding these services. In these cases, the
program acts as a liaison between the orga-
nization and the employee by coordinating
initial contact, monitoring services provided
and offering continued support to the em-
ployee afterward.
Through its consultation services, the
program also provides orientation and sup-
port to supervisors, managers, health-care
professionals and other officials within the
Commission, as well as to concerned institu-
tions. However, confidentiality is guaran-
teed to those who participate in the program
as information is released only with their
To find out more about the program or
how to take advantage of its services, call 52-
7885 or 43-7336.

Page 2


Friday, April 8, 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

Canal history illustrated

in Central Avenue murals

By Joaquin Horna
The Panama Canal is the theme for two
of the three murals adorning an old concrete
building next to the Banco Nacional on
Central Avenue, but the history of the build-
ing is actually tied in with the provision of
power, rather than transit, services.
Resembling a piece from an antique
chess set, the ornate, narrowfive-storybuild-
ing was built between 1929 and 1933 to serve
as the headquarters for the former Panama
Power and Light Company. The American
firm was formed by the merger of three
companies in 1916 to provide power, indus-
trial gas, telephone, streetcar and other
public services in Panama City, Colon, sev-
eral Canal area townsites and military in-
stallations on both sides of the Isthmus.
The three horizontal murals -- made of
several hundred painted Spanish ceramic
tiles -- run across the building's facade on
the top of the second floor, sandwiched
betweena concretelintel adornedwith carved
fleurs-de-lis above and a row of glass win-
dows below.
Like giant patchwork quilts, they depict
Vasco Nfifiez de Balboa claiming the Pacific
Ocean for Spain in 1513, steam shovels
loading dirt trains during the excavation of
Culebra (now Gaillard) Cut nearly four
centuries later and vessels moving through
the locks during the early years of Canal
According to Samuel Gutidrrez, the au-

The murals projected a

good public image for

the foreign company.

thor of several books about architectural
styles in Panama, few buildings in the coun-
try are as lavishly adorned as the old power
and light companybuilding. A similar trend
using colored tiles to create mosaics was
introduced in the 1950s and 1960s and can be
seen on several University of Panama build-
ings, but those tiles are not nearly as detailed
as the painted ones.
Guti6rrez believes the murals were cre-
ated not only to embellish the building, but
also to project a good public image for the
foreign company. A night photo of the
structure taken in the early 1930s shows that
the murals were brightly lit -- creating the
sensation of a colossal open-air art gallery.
The building's bottom floor originally
had a central entrance, flanked by two plate-
glass windows. The third and fourth floors
had tall, narrow windows shaded by canvas
awnings, and French doors on the last floor
led to small balconies that were supported
bycurved columns and enclosedbywrought-
iron railings. The flat roof -- edged with a
row of waves and leaves carved out of a
concrete slab -- was crowned with four

"It was a magnificent construction in
which expenses were not a matter of consid-
eration," says Guillermo Herrera y Franco,
a real estate developer who purchased the
building in the late 1960s. Without changing
the exterior design, Herrera y Franco made
several modifications, including the installa-
tion of a new elevator and the first escalator
in Panama. For many years afterward, the
building housed commercial shops on the
first two floors and government and private
offices upstairs. Herrera's office was on the
top floor.
The building, however, has fallen on
harder times since then. There are still
businesses on the ground floor, but the
upper levels are empty now, except for a
jewelry repair shop in the back. From the
street, the viewof the murals is obstructed by
metal awnings and commercial signs, and
the windows below the murals are guarded
byburglar bars, with an industrial air-condi-
tioning unit sitting to one side. On the upper

Urban artwork
The murals on the old
Power and Light Company
building (seen across the top
of the page) depict the
discovery of the Pacific
Ocean, excavation work
during the construction of
the Panama Canal and a
lockage scene. The building
is located next to the Banco
Nacional on Central
Avenue (see photo at left),
and many people are
noticing the murals for the
first time now that pedestri-
ans can walk freely on the
Photos by Jaime Fernmndez

floors, broken windows and a door have
been replaced with plywood patches.
Herrera y Franco, now 83, has been
approached to sell the mural tiles. "An
American woman offered good money for
them," he says. "She wanted to take them to
the United States." But Herrera y Franco
declined the offer.
Recent developments havebrought some
hope for a brighter future locally. In 1992,
the International Council of Historic Sites
and Monuments recognized the building
and 34 other structures on Central Avenue
for their architectural and historic value. In
addition, a municipal bill declaring them
national patrimony is under consideration --
a measure that will limit the use of commer-
cial signs that detract from the original
design. These efforts may enhance the
tourism potential of the area and help create
a more aesthetic environment for some
unique urban artwork that portrays one of
mankind's dreams come true.

Construction-day author writes about local pest

The article excerpted here provides a hu-
morous account of an Isthmian insect known
as the "red bug "which introduced itselfto the
newly arrived Panama Canal diggers in a
most intimate and unpleasant way. This
irritatingand alltoo sociable bug continues to
get under the skin (both literally and figura-
tively) of Panama residents to this very day.
Written bySamuelG. Blytheandpublishedin
theApril23, 1908 SaturdayEveningPost, the
article was reprinted in the April 29, 1908,
issue of The Canal Record prefaced with the
following verse from Songs of the Savannas:

Oh, the chigoe is a chigger,
The jhiggre is a jigger,
And both are very handy birds of prey:
But if you want to figger
On the real thing in a digger
Just let the genial Red Bug
come your way.

The author begins by describing the red
bug scourge to picnickers, while hastening
to add that while the bug loves picnics (or, at
least, picnickers), this is not the only activity
he enjoys.
"The Red Bug is a versatile and industri-
ous inhabitant of the Canal Zone to the
number of a few billions or trillions, be the
same more or less. To be sure, he inhabits
all the rest of the Isthmus outside of the
Canal Zone, but since the Americans began
digging the Canal his sphere of activity has
been so enlarged the Zone may be said to be

The arrival of the Americans
expanded the horizons
ofthe red bug.

his principal place of residence -- that is,
strictly speaking, not the Zone but the people
who live in the Zone," he says.
According to the article, the arrival of the
Americans to begin the Canal construction
effort expanded the horizons of the red bug
-- "thousands of feet that had never been
jiggered or chiggered or red-bugged be-
fore" reportedly infused the red bug popu-
lation with the "joy of living."
The author explains that those who came
to work on the Canal were not familiar with
the chigoe. "So, when they walked through
the savannas and stood around in the grass
and returned at night to find various red
spots on their feet and legs that soon devel-
oped into sores they looked into the cause
and named the offender the Red Bug, with
the facility Americans have for naming new
According to the author, entomologists
of the time said that the insects "undoubt-
edly were the chigoe," or Sarcopsylla
penetrans. "The Americans replied they
didn't know about the Sarcopsylla part, but
thepenetrans was all right, and they guessed
they would call them Red Bugs, which they
did, and which they were," he stated.
The article describes the habits of the red

bug, howit lives in the grass and
how tiny"Mrs. Red Bug" moves
in under the skin in a most quiet
and unobtrusive way, so that
people who do not know about
red bugs don't even notice until
"settled and with her curtains
up, her rugs down and furniture
in position and the pictures -
hung," she becomes "an ardent
imperialist and devoted to the
theory of expansion." Then, "in-
stant, active and diligent notice is nwa
taken." Unwa
"The Red Bug is most com- "Mrs. Red
panionable," says the author, don't noti
"human company is preferred
above all things. If you go where the Red
Bug is, the Red Bug will go home with you.
He insists. There is nothing tobe done about
it except to dispossess the little friend as
soon as possible. Otherwise, there will be
several days of pain and trouble."
"Many a sighing swain, after a stroll with
his sweetheart, has awakened in the morn-
ing to find himself spotted like a coach-dog,
only the spots were red. Many merry pic-
nickers, after happyhours beneath the palms,
have reported 'sick' next morning, and have
spent tedious hours serving eviction papers
on their tenants with needle-points," the
author notes. "The tropical moonlight is
glorious. It is the spooniest moonshine in
the world, but when you are out spooning in
it, watching the silver beams filter through
the waving palms, the Red Bug is unos-

ed tenant
Bug" moves in so unobtrusively that people
ce she's there until she's well settled.

tentatiously taking apartments in your feet.
There is no spoony moonshine nonsense
about the Red Bug. He is always at work."
One place along the Canal was called
"Red-Bug Hill" and was "supposedly the
original home of the pest" and a place where
he thrived "in greatest numbers." People
joke, the writer added, about the annoying
red bug, the joke being especially funny
"when the other fellow gets a visitation."
The article tells of a "historic occasion"
in which a young doctor from Cristobal
Hospital reportedlybrought in 62 on his feet
and legs, an unofficial record at the time.
According to the author, the red bug was
just one of a number of interesting experi-
ences for newcomers to the Isthmus. "Still,
they came as part of the game, and com-
plaints are fewer than the laughs."

Page 3

_ I

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, April 8, 1994

May training courses announced

The May training schedule for Panama Canal Commission employees is provided below. Nominations should be
submitted through training program managers by the suspense dates indicated. "Planning for Retirement," "Basic Skills
for the Effective Canal Worker," and the morning session of "Back School and Body Mechanics" will be taught in
Spanish; all other courses are taught in English. "Introduction to Microcomputers" is a prerequisite for all courses
marked with an asterisk and is offered as a 16-hour multimedia training packet. In addition to the listed classes, Module 5
of the Clerical Training Program will be offered from May 16 through 20, featuring "Reasoning and Mathematics,"
"Receiving Clear Information," "Filing Made Fun" and "Basic Writing Skills."

Course (and target audience) Dates
Merit Promotion System (Fire Division person-
nel) ................................ 5/2
Supervisory Development I................. 5/2-6
Upgrade to Autocad Release 12 (Engineering
Division personnel) ..................... 5/2-6
Supervisors' Update: Employee Assistance
Program (Fire Division personnel) ........ 5/3
How to Give Clear Instructions to My
Subordinates (supervisors) ............... 5/4
Supervisors' Update: Sexual Harassment (Fire
Division personnel) ..................... 5/4
Successful Office Skills (office support staff) 5/4&5
Supervisors' Update: Performance Appraisal
(Fire Division personnel) ................. 5/5
Managerial. Assessment Program (supervisors
and managers, NM-11 and above) ......... 5/5
Supervisors' Update: Disciplinary Actions (Fire
Division personnel) ................... .. 5/6
Planning for Retirement (employees planning
to retire within the next five years)......... 5/9&10
Intermediate Staffing and Placement (Central
Examining Office and Employment and
Placement Branch personnel) ............ 5/9-12
Back School and Body Mechanics (supervisors,
managers and employees) ................ 5/10
Operating Practices in Contract Administration
(Construction Division contracting specialists) 5/10-13
Basic Skills for the Effective Canal Worker
(non-supervisory manual workers)......... 5/11&12
You Can't Do It All: The Benefits of Delegation
(supervisors) ........................... 5/12
How to Design Computer Training Courses
(computer training instructors)............ 5/17&18
Labor Relations for Managers and Supervisors 5/17&18
Filing Made Fun (clerical support staff) ...... 5/18
How to Teach People to Use Computers
(computer training instructors) ............ 5/19&20
New Employee Orientation ................ 5/23
Inventory Management (Logistical Support
Division personnel) ................... ..5/23-26
Classifying Supervisory Postitions (position
classification specialists) ................. 5/24&25
Terminations (Construction Division contracting
specialists) ............................. 5/31-6/1
Microcomputer classes
Introduction to WordPerfect* ............. 5/2-4
Introduction to dBase III Plus* ............. 5/2-4
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Merge/Sort
(those who have taken "Introduction to Word-
Perfect")......... ..................... 5/5
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Tables (those
who have taken "Introduction to WordPer-
fect")................................ 5/6
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Basic Macros
(those who have taken "Introduction to Word-
Perfect") ............................... 5/12&13
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Columns and
Graphics (those who have taken "Introduction
to WordPerfect) ...................... 5/24&25
Norton Commander Workshop* ............ 5/31

Suspense Location

8:30-11:45 4/11 Tr. Center
8:00-4:00 4/11 Tr. Center

7:30-4:00 4/11 717 Balboa

8:30-4:15 4/12 Tr. Center

8:00-4:00 4/13 Tr. Center




Tr. Center
Tr. Center

Tr. Center

Tr. Center
Tr. Center

8:30-4:15 4/15 Tr. Center

8:00-4:00 4/18 Tr. Center

8:30-4:00 4/18

7:30-11:45 4/19
12:45-4:15 4/19

8:00-4:00 4/19

8:00-4:00 4/20

8:00-4:00 4/21

8:00-4:00 4/26
8:00-4:00 4/26
8:00-4:00 4/28
8:00-4:00 5/2
8:00-4:00 5/4
8:00-4:00 4/27

8:00-4:00 4/28
8:00-4:00 5/2

8:00-4:00 5/2

8:00-4:00 5/3

8:00-4:00 5/10

7:30-4:00 4/11
7:30-4:00 4/18
7:30-4:00 4/11

7:30-3:30 4/14

Tr. Center

Tr. Center
Tr. Center

Tr. Center

Tr. Center

Tr. Center

717 Balboa
Tr. Center
Tr. Center
Tr. Center
Tr. Center

717 Balboa
Tr. Center

Tr. Center

Tr. Center

Tr. Center

717 Balboa
717 Balboa
717 Balboa


7:30-4:00 4/15 717 Balboa
7:30-4:00 5/6 717 Balboa

7:30-4:00 4/21 717 Balboa

7:30-4:00 5/3 717 Balboa
7:30-4:00 5/10 717 Balboa

Position Vacancy List
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment
and Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven days from
the date of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated positions
(TDPs) will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change.
Persons already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion,
in-service employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower level or second-
lower level of the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center (Building
38, Balboa). For actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be used to qualify applicants when their
backgrounds include closely related experience that provides the skills necessary for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised, except for
the pilot-in-training announcement, which reflects annual salary. Employees selected will be placed in the appropriate
grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).
Lo- Va-
ca- can-

Permanent positions Salaries
Apprentice (electrician), AP-10' ................. $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (electrician), AP-101 2 (Swimming ability
and shift work required.) ..................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (electrician-high voltage), AP-101 2 3
(Knowledge of English, swimming ability and
driver's license required.) ..................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (heavy mobile equipment mechanic),
AP-101 2 (Driver's license required.) ............ $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (machinist), AP-101 2 (Knowledge of
English required.) ........................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (machinist), AP-101 2 (Swimming ability
and shift work required.) ..................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (marine machinist), AP-101 ........... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (pipefitter), AP-101 2 (Swimming ability
required.)................................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (plumber), AP-91 2 (Driver's license
required.) .................................. $4.23/$9.74
Apprentice (production machinery mechanic), AP-101 $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (roofer), AP-91 3 .................... $4.23/$9.74
Apprentice (sheet metal mechanic), AP-101 2
(Driver's license required.) .................... $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (shipfitter), AP-10' .................. $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (timber worker), AP-101 2 (Swimming
ability required.) ............................ $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (toolmaker), AP-101 ................. $6.17/$15.37
Apprentice (welder), AP-10' .................... $6.17/$15.37
General equipment repairer, MG-82 (Driver's license
and swimming ability required.) ............... $6.79/$7.24
Industrial hygienist, NM-7/112 4 (Knowledge of
Spanish, driver's license and swimming ability
required.) .................................. $11.11/$21.38
Occupational health nurse, NM-112 (Knowledge of
Spanish required.) .......................... $16.45/$21.38
Administrative librarian, NM-122 (Knowledge of
Spanish required.) ........... ............... $19.71/$25.63
Pilot-in-training, CP-2/41 2 3 5 (Limited to 225 feet
vessels) (First forty hours) (Shift work) (Knowledge
of English and swimming ability required.) ...... $50,743/$75,165
Open continuous announcement:
temporary promotion or detail
General engineer, NM-13' 6 ..................... $23.44/$30.47
Temporary promotion
(Not to exceed one year)
Supervisory management assistant, NM-8' 2 (Lifting
weights up to 70 pounds required. Driver's
license required.) ............................ $12.31/$16.00
Temporary promotion or detail
(Not to exceed one year)
Computer assistant, NM-61 2 7 (Knowledge of
Spanish required.) ......................... $10.00/$13.00

Unit tion ies1
Personnel A 1

Personnel P 2











Occ. Health

Fac. Mgmt. & Sup.

P 2

P 1

P 1

P/A 1/1
P 3

A 2

P 1
A 1
P 1

P 1
A 2

P 1
A 1
A 1

P 1

Maritime Training P

Marine P 1

Admin. Services

Logistical P 1

I Only PCC employees will be considered.
2 Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official Personnel Folder or
attached to the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
3 Testing designated position.
4 Employee must reside on Atlantic side and must be within 20 minutes response time in case of emergency.
5 First-time applicants must request a certification from their administrative officer that they have at least 520
eight-hour watches as masters of Panama Canal Commission vessels of 1,000 horsepower or over. Administrative
officers will, in turn, submit the certification to the Employment and Placement Branch.
6 Must have a substantial background in two of the following engineering disciplines: industrial, civil or
electromechanical. Only one application is required under this announcement for applicants who are found
qualified. Applications of employees who apply after April 15, 1994, will be retained for consideration when the
qualification referral list is updated after the next cut-off on October 21, 1994.
7 Knowledge of microcomputer programming in database management systems (for example FoxPro, Dbase,
Clipper or Foxbase) is required.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

What's happening

School fair
Everyone is invited to the annual St.
Mary's School fair from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Saturday, April 16, in Balboa. The attrac-
tions include folkloric dances, game booths,
international foods and a raffle.

Softball tourney
Registration will be held from April 15
through 17 for a slo-pitch softball tournament
at the Pacific Softball League Park in
Balboa. For more information or to
register, call Herman Wilkinson (52-6833)
or contact Ruben Jim6nez at the park after
5 p.m. (52-6179).
Amateur radio exams
The Panama Canal Amateur Radio
Association will administer examinations
for all classes of U.S. amateur radio licenses
at 9 a.m. Saturday, April 16, at the Panama
Canal Training Center. A nominal fee will
be charged to cover costs. Anyone wishing
to upgrade an existing license should bring
the original and a photocopy of both the
license and any unexpired certificate from a
previously passed exam. For more informa-
tion, call 52-7400.

Dive club news
The next meeting of the Balboa Dive
Club will be held at 7:30 p.m. on
Wednesday, April 13, at the Curundu
Restaurant. Victor Ramirez will present an
overview of dive-equipment maintenance.
The club is organizing an eight-day trip
to Honduras' Roatan Island from May 28
through June 4. The cost of $930 per diver
includes the round-trip airfare, hotel trans-
fers, accommodations for seven nights, all
meals and three guided boat dives. The
deadline for signing up is May 11.
Call 63-8077 or 50-0075 for more
information on the meeting and 84-5117 or
50-0346 for more information on the trip.

Audubon meeting
The Panama Audubon Society will meet
at 7:30 p.m. April 14 at the Metropolitan
Nature Park offices. Amanda Barraza, the
general director for PROMAR, a conserva-
tion organization for protecting Panama's
oceans, will speak on Panama's coral reefs
and the impact of pollution on its rivers and

Rodman credit union
Panama Canal Commission employees
are now eligible for membership in the
Cooperativa de Ahorro y Credito Rodman
R.L. Founded in 1953, the credit union
provides savings and loan services to U.S.
military personnel and civilian employees
and has recently added Western Union
services as well. For more information on
the credit union, call 28-0062 or 28-2230 or
write to: Box 854, Balboa (Ancon),
Panama, Republic of Panama.



Administrator, Panama Canal Commission

Engineering society gala
The Panama Canal Society of Profes-
sional Engineers will hold its annual dinner
meeting and the swearing-in of its 1994-
1995 board of directors on Tuesday, April
19, at the Caesar Park Hotel. The main
speaker for the night will be James W.
Poirot, president of the American Society
of Civil Engineers. Tickets are $20 and may
be obtained in advance by calling Hallet R.
Stiles (87-5217), Thomas W. Drohan (52-
7585) or Carlos A. Rodgers (56-6742).

Deputy Administrator

Director of Public Affairs

Associate Director

Associate Director

Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail, $4 by regular mail for
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 52-3202 for further
information or write the Office of Public Affairs, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights, Panama.

Page 4

_ I _ _ _I_ I

- --

Junta Directiva de la

Comisi6n se reunira

aqui la otra semana
La Junta Directiva de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama realizara su tercera reuni6n
delafio fiscal 1994 el 13 de abril en el Edificio
de Administraci6n en Altos de Balboa.
Durante la reuni6n, la junta hard su (iltima
revisi6n a los cambios a reglamentaciones
sobre arqueo de naves para la
implementaci6n del Sistema Universal de
Medici6n por el Canal de Panama.
Adicionalmente, el Administrador
Gilberto Guardia F. informara sobre
programas de mantenimiento y mejoras al
Canal. La junta tambi6n recibird informes
del Secretario Michael RhodeJr. yel Jefe de
Finanzas Norbert Kraegel, al igual que de
los comit6s activos de audito, transici6n y
personal y seguridad.

Puestos de aprendices

abiertos para empleados

permanentes del Canal

Clases se inician el 3 de octubre

El Ramo de Empleos y Colocaciones
estA reclutando personal permanente de la
Comisi6n del Canal que desee aprender
nuevos oficios bajo el Programa de
Aprendices. (Ver Lista de Vacantes en
pagina 4). Las posiciones deben ser de
particular interns para empleados en grados
MG-9 o NM-7 o menores. La mayoria de
las categorfas tienen objetivos MG-10 y
consisten en cuatro afos de adiestramiento,
pero dos de ellas (plomerfa y techado)
tienen grados objetivo MG-9 y requieren
s6lo tres afios de adiestramiento. Algunas
posiciones requieren una prueba de
nataci6n, y otras requieren licencia de
conducir. Algunas posiciones requeriran
trabajar turnos, incluyendo fines de semana,
desde elsegundootercer aiode aprendizaje.
SLos aprendices asisten a clases y talleres
durante dos afios en la Escuela de
Aprendices, incluyendo clases de ingl6s de
ser necesario. Se ofrece adiestramiento
intensivoenel trabajodurante losdos 6ltimos
afios. Las clases iniciaran el 3 de octubre.
Las personas calificadas para una
posici6n de actualizaci6n de habilidades no
seran seleccionadas para posiciones de
aprendizaje en esa categoria, y quienes ya
hayan terminado un aprendizaje no
calificaran para adiestramiento bajo otra
categoria de aprendizaje. Los empleados
con un salario superior al salario inicial para
aprendices no podran retener su salario.
Los solicitantes deben ser egresados de
secundaria y,pasar un examen escrito en
ingl6s o espafiol. Quienes ya pasaron el
examen no tendran que tomarlo. Se
recomienda repasar aritm6tica, decimales,
fracciones, procentajes, pesosydimensiones,
Areas y volimenes, radios y proporciones,
Algebra y mecanica bAsica antes de tomar el
examen. El Ramo de Empleos y
Colocaciones tiene ejemplos disponibles.
El plazo para entregar las solicitudes
vence el 15 de abril. Los solicitantes pueden
optar por un maximo de cinco categories,
pero deben enviar un Formulario EstAndar
443 por separado para cada selecci6n dentro
de un distrito (Atlantico o Pacifico). El
Ramo de Empleos y Colocaciones ofrece
asesorfa para la selecci6n de oficios en el
Edificio 366, Anc6n, o lamando al 52-3583.

Tome nota
Una resoluci6n reciente del
Instituto Nacional de Recursos
Naturales Renovables hace ilegal
pegar cualquier tipo de anuncio a un
Arbol usando clavos, otros objetos
metdlicos o sustancias que puedan
datiar el Arbol.

Encuentro obrero-patrona
Representantes laborales se reinen con el
Administrador de la Comisi6n del Canal
de Panamn Gilberto Guardia F., en la
cabecera derecha, el Subadministrador
Raymond P. Laverty y otros funcionarios
de la Comisi6n para lanzar el consejo de
asociaci6n obrero-patronal de la agencia.
Requerido bajo una orden ejecutiva
emitida alfinal del aio pasado, los
consejos de asociaci6n son un elemento
importante de la Revisi6n del
Funcionamiento Nacional diigido por el
vicepresidente estadounidense Albert Gore
Jr. para "reinventar" el gobiemo. Un grupo
de trabajofonnado durante la reuni6n
local diseiard la estructura del consejo de
la Comisi6n.
Foto por Kevin Jenkins


el paso hacia el siglo veintiuno


Vol. XXXII, No 7

Viernes 8 de abril de 1994

Usaran perforadora nueva en el corte

Por Susan Harp
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
compr6 una pieza de equipo dave para
usarla en la excavaci6n sub-acuatica durante
elprogramadeensanche delCorte Gaillard.
La perforadora de $1.7 millones leg6 a
Crist6bal la semana pasada en 29
contenedores. Personal de la Divisi6n de
Dragado ensamblara la perforadora, la cual
pesa mas de 185 toneladas, en Gamboa con
la ayuda de cinco representantes de la
Harnischfeger Corporation (P&H),
fabricante de la mAquina de Wisconsin.
La perforadora consiste de una caja de
23 pies de ancho por 58 pies de largo que
contiene el motor y los controles y una torre

de 102 pies de alto que alberga el equipo de
perforaci6n. Es capaz de perforar en un solo
paso un agujero de 65 pies de profundidad
con todas las secciones de la tuberia. No
tener que mover la perforadorapara colocar
tuberfas extras ahorrara tiempo y mano de
obra a la Comisi6n.
El motor el6ctrico de la perforadora
puede ejercer una fuerza de hasta 125,000
libras en la broca del taladro y hace agujeros
de casi 10 pulgadas de diametro. Cuando la
perforadora ha terminado con un agujero,
su mAstil puede ser doblado y transportado
hacia otrolugar deperforaci6n sin tener que
desmantelar pieza alguna. Se transporta
sobre correas, como una excavadora.

Un operador maneja la nueva
perforadora desde una cabina con aire
acondicionado y dos o tres ayudantes
trabajan ensamblando ycolocando tuberfas.
"Tan pronto como los operadores sean
entrenados la perforadora entrara en
servicio", dice Ricardo Chen, asistente del
jefe de la Divisi6n de Dragado. Su primer
trabajo sera hacer huecos para colocar los
explosivos para fragmentar el material en
las orillas del extremo norte del Corte
Gaillard que sera luego removido por dragas.
La draga Rialto M. Christensen estA
programada para remover 960,000 yardas
c(lbicas de material del corte durante los
afios fiscales de 1995 y 1996.

Cadetes recorren instalaciones del Canal

Un total de 124 cadetes de la Academia
de Policia visitaron la semana pasada areas
residencialesyde operaciones dela Comisi6n
del Canal para una orientaci6n sobre la via
acuAtica y los programas de seguridad para
proteger instalaciones y equipos. Los
cadetes, que estaban completando su
entrenamiento, seran asignados exclu-
sivamente al Area del Canal.
La orientaci6n fue organizada por la
Oficinade Enlace dela Direcci6ndeServicios
Generales con el apoyo de unidades de la

Direcci6n de Ingenieria y Construcci6n, la
Direcci6n de Marina y la Oficina de
Relaciones Piblicas.
"Es la primera vez que presentamos este
tipo de orientaci6n a un grupo tan grande",
dice el oficial de enlace Jos6 J. Tufi6n. Para
ayudar con la logistica y para darles una
mejor oportunidad de ver las operaciones
de cerca y hacer preguntas, los cadetes se
dividieron en tres grupos para las charlas y
las visitas en los distritos norte y sur.
Los cadetes recibieron charlas sobre la

historia del Canal de Panama y la seguridad
del Canal. Visitaron las Esclusas de Gatfin,
y las represas de Gattn y Madden, las
divisiones de Dragado e Industrial, la Planta
Potabilizadora de Miraflores, areas
residenciales de la Comisi6n y otras
instalaciones y Areas de operaci6n.
La orientaci6n se concentr6 en la
importancia del Canal de Panama y la
seguridad de susinstalaciones yequipo tanto
para la via acuatica como para la Repfiblica
de Panama.

rientacidn en el C a Foto por Jaime Fernindez
En el Cerro del Contratista un grupo de cadetes de la Academia de Policia escuchan al supervisor de guardia de la Divisi6n de Protecci6n
del Canal Luther Quinn, izquierda, explicar las medidas de seguridad en esta secci6n del Corte Gaillard Un total de 124 cadetes visitaron
dreas residenciales y de operaciones de la Comisi6n del Canal para recibir una orientaci6n sobre el Canal de Panamd y sus programas de
seguridad. Todos los cadetes, que se graduardn en las pr6ximas semanas, serdn asignados a funciones policiales en el drea del Canal.


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Competidores de regata Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Cuatro cayucosparticipantes en la 41a. CarreraAnual de Cayucos de ocdano a ocdano luohan por sus posiciones durante la competencia.
Luego deganar la carrera los altimos tres afios, el "Misconception", aniba a la derecha, termin6 en segundo lugareste aio, vencidopor la
tripulaci6n del "Utmost", que rompi6 marcas en los cinco tramos de la carrera y estableci6 un nuevo record de 5 horas, 15 minutos y 18
segundos. La tripulaci6n panamefia del "Delfin'" cayucofabricado en las Islas de las Perlas que aparece en primerplano, recibi6 el trofeo
rotativoEfraim Leon-Guerrero alespiritu deportivo durante la ceremonia depremiaci6n en la Escuela Secundaria de Curundu el27de marzo.

Linguistas confudidos por el 2000

Una reciente edici6n del "Kiplinger en ingl6s diecinueve uno, pero alllegar
Washington Letter", del 3 de diciembre de al 2001, no se podra decir "veinte uno"
1993 para ser exactos, contiene un articulo sin confundirlo con "veintiuno", asi
que dice, "C6mo llamar a la pr6xima d6cada que habrA quedecir,"veinte cero uno",
comienza a confundir a los linguistas." A los "veinte cero dos" y asi sucesivamente.
linguistas! Y qu6 hay del resto de nosotros? Alguien se asegurarA de decir "veinte
"Despu6s de los 90", dice el articulo, doble cero" y "veinte cero uno" a
"quevendrin? Los Ceros? Los Nadas? Los cambio. Las posibilidades parecen
ohs? Los oh-ohs?" ilimitadas -- y nada divertidas.
C6mo sonaria el "presupuesto para el Por qu6 suena raro decir en ingl6s
afio fiscal 00"? Desolador, asi es como 2000comoveintecientos? Diecinueve
sonaria -- con ese vacfo 00 luego del rico y cientos suena bien, al igual que veintifin
lleno99delafioanterior. Ylollamariausted cientos. Suena bien decir "en el afio dos
"cero cero" o "doble nada" o "doble cero"? mil", pero seria tonto decir "en el afio mil
C6mo lo manejaron al final del siglo novecientos".
pasado? Y qui6n es tan viejo para re- Todo es cuesti6n de costumbre, y sin
cordarlo? Existianlos afios fiscales entonces? duda lo haremos. Acostumbramos, eso es.
Al inicio del siglo 20 la gente podia decir Despu6s detodo, qu6 otra opci6nnos queda?

Y ahora, considere algo mAs. "Sabemos
que los controladores de tiempo del
Observatorio Naval de los Estados Unidos
en Washington dicen que el nuevo siglo
comenzari el lo. de enero del 2,001y no del
2,000, cuando la gran mayoria lo celebrard."

Residentes recuerdan episodio belico

Este es el tercero de una serie de cuatro
articulos sobre c6mo la Segunda Guerra
Mundial afect6 las operaciones del Canaly a
las personas que residian cerca de la via
acudficay trabajaban en ella.

Por Susan Harp
Mientras la noche caia sobre el domingo
que marc6 el bombardeo japon6s a Pearl
Harbor, Betty Chan estaba en el auto de una
amiga estacionado fuera de su residencia en
el irea del Canal, escuchando las noticias
radiales. Los funcionarios del Canal de
Panama habian acatado el apag6n general
bajando el interruptor de electricidad, y
para Chan (ahora Betty Chan Snow), sus
amigosyparientes, los radios de autom6viles
se convirtieron en lugares de reuni6n.
El padre de Snow trabaj6 en lo que es
hoy la Oficina de Tesoreria de la Comisi6n
del Canal. Ella era una adolescenteentonces
y recuerda que todos temian que el pr6ximo
objetivo fuera la via acuitica. Pasaron dos
noches de pAnico en que escucharon el
sonido de aviones acercarse; entre tanto,
miembros de la comunidad empezaron a
hacer ajustes para los siguientes cuatro afios.
Las luces de las calles se apagaban en las
noches y las lamparas de los autom6viles
fueron pintadas excepto por un espacio de 2
por 5 pulgadas. Se arregl6 una casa modelo
en Altos de Diablo mostrando el tipo de
luces tenues permitidas antes del apag6n
total de las 11 p.m. Roy Knoop, quien luego
se convirti6 en maestro de la Escuela
Secundaria de Curundu, recuerda a su pa-
dre haciendo cobertores especiales para las
lAmparas con cartones de leche para impedir
que su brillo saliera por las ventanas.
John Herring, un adolescente que vivia
en el area canalera durante la guerra,

recuerda que una vez se qued6 jugando
cartas con sus amigos. Como a las 11:15
son6 el tel6fono, y un observador de Quarry
Heights les advirti6 que debian apagar las
luces. Los adolescentes se impresionaron
del ojo abarcador del observador y de lo
rapido que consigui6 su nmuero telef6nico.
Cuando inici6 la guerra, los autos a6n
transitaban por el lado izquierdo de la calle,
al estilo ingl6s. En abril de 1943, tanto en
Panama como en el area canalera se
comenz6 a conducir del lado derecho. A
pesar del limite develocidad de 18millas por
hora en la ciudad, la oscuridad caus6 muchas
colisiones. Segfn el Review, muchos
vehiculos se estrellaron con los postes
Se construyeron refugios antia6reos
temporales en cada comunidad cercana al
Canal, usualmente al nivel del piso de las
casas de madera construidas sobre pilotes.
Knoop recuerda "haber ayudado" jugando
consus amigosen la arena de la construcci6n,
mientras sus padres construfan los refugios.
Snow, Diane Yost Mason e Isabella
Zemer Lively eran graduandas de la
secundaria de Balboa en 1943, y Mason
recuerda que le era permitido salir con
oficiales porque eran considerados
conductores y chaperones al mismo tiempo.
James Young, contemporaneo de Mason y
antiguo capitAn de remolcadores del Canal,
recuerda haber hecho los modelos de
aeroplanos utilizados para ensefiar a los
soldados a identificar aviones enemigos.
Rebuscar cualquier cosa extra estaba a
la orden del dia debido a la escasez en
tiempos de guerra. Segin el Panama Canal
Review, se rescataron como chatarra dragas
abandonadas por los franceses y los
estudiantes de secundaria recolectaban

revistas paralos soldadosybotellasyganchos
de ropa para reciclar. Hasta se recolectaba
caucho de arboles en el area del Canal.
Se levantaron fondos para sufragar los
gastos vendiendo Bonos de Guerra en
eventos sociales. Segin el Review, en el
carnaval de 1944 cerca del Estadio de Balboa
se vendi6 mas de $1 mill6n en bonos. La
reina del carnaval Ethel Kriza recogi6
$730,499 de residentes del Pacifico.
Snow recuerda su tristeza al asistir a
bailes del ej6rcito pues conoci6 soldados
que venian de una batalla en Europa para
dirigirse a otra en el Pacifico. Pero un baile
fue diferente. Cuando finalmente se anunci6
el fin de la guerra, esa vez bailaron toda la

Preparadospara lopeor
Residentes del drea canalera construyen un
refugio contra bombas durante la Segunda
Guerra Mundial.

Viernes 8 de abril de 1994

Pafina 2

g ur'Ill I

Comisi6n proporciona

consejeria y apoyo a

empleados y familias
Los problemas personales pueden afectar
el desempeiio, pero el Programa de
Asistencia al Empleado de la Comisi6n del
Canal esta para ayudar. Aunque el objetivo
principal del programa es evaluar y tratar
problemas de abuso de alcohol y drogas,
tambi6n ofrece t6cnicas para dejar de fumar,
manejar la tensi6n, adicciones a la comida y
otros, y problemas personales o familiares.
El programa busca aumentar la autoestima,
promover la buena salud y propiciar la
seguridad en el lugar de trabajo.
Profesionales adiestrados proveen
evaluaci6n, consejeria y tratamiento a los
empleados enrolados en el programa. Los
servicios de educaci6n preventiva
concientizan al empleado y promueven la
detecci6n temprana de problemas

Se garantiza

confidencialidad a

los participants.

potenciales, y los servicios de intervenci6n
en crisis proveen ayuda inmediata a
empleados con trastornos emocionales. Los
servicios de consejeria incluyen:
sesiones individuales y de grupo para
promover cambios de auto-imagen y estilo
de vida; identificar alternativas, establecer
metas y mejorar el desempeiio eneltrabajo;
intervenciones familiares para ayudar a
los empleados a mejorar sus relaciones,
ayudar a los familiares a comprender la
adicci6nyc6mosus acciones pueden impedir
la recuperaci6n de un paciente, ayudarlos a
reconocer sus propios problemasy presentar
patrones de matrimonios con problemas; y
consejeriasobre elestr6s parapromover
cambios de actitud, perspectivas y estilo de
vida; crear sistemas de apoyo ydesarrollar la
planificaci6n, manejo del tiempo, soluci6n
de problemas, habilidades sociales, de
comunicaci6n y adaptaci6n al medio
Cuando los servidos especializados y el
tratamiento a largo plazo no estin
disponibles en la Comisi6n, el Programa de
Asistenda al Empleado refiere los casos a
organizaciones que si los ofrecen. Entonces
el programa actfa como vinculo entre la
organizaci6n y el empleado coordinando el
primer contacto, supervisando los servicios
y ofreciendo apoyo continuo al empleado.
A trav6s de los servicios de consulta, el
programa tambi6n provee orientaci6n y
apoyo a supervisores, gerentes, profesionales
de la salud y otros funcionarios de la
Comisi6n einstituciones similares. Ademis
se garantiza la confidencialidad de los
participantes del programa, pues no se revela
la informad6n sin su consentimiento.
Para ms informaci6n sobreelprograma
o c6mo beneficiarse con sus servicios, Ilame
al 52-7885 6 43-7336.

Viemes 8 de abril de 1994

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Murales en Avenida Central

ilustran historia del Canal

Por Joaquin Horna
Aunque el Canal de Panama es el tema
de dos de los tres murales que adornan el
viejo edificio de concreto junto al Banco
Nacional en la Avenida Central, la historia
del edificio esta mas ligada al suministro de
electricidad que a servicios de transito.
Semejando una pieza de un antiguojuego
de ajedrez, el adornado y angosto edificio de
cinco pisos construido entre 1929 y 1933,
alberg6 las oficinas principales de la antigua
Compafifa Panamefia de Fuerza y Luz. La
firma norteamericana se form6 de la uni6n
de tres compafifas en 1916 para suplir de
energia, gas industrial, tel6fono, tranvia y
otros servicios pfiblicos a la Ciudad de
PanamA, Col6n, algunos poblados del Area
canalera e instalaciones militares en ambos
lados del istmo.
Los tres murales horizontales -- hechos
con varios cientos de mosaicos pintados de
cerAmica espaiiola -- van de un lado al otro
de la fachada del edificio sobre el segundo
piso, enmarcados por un dintel de concreto
adornado con flores-de-lis talladas en la
parte posterior y una hilera de ventanas de
vidrio en la parte inferior.
Como enormes colchas de retazos, los
murales muestran a Vasco Nifiezde Balboa
descubriendo el Oc6ano Pacificopor Espafia
en 1513 y sus acompafiantes espafioles y los
indios darienitas observando, palas
mecanicas llenando vagones de tierra
durante la excavaci6n del Corte Culebra
(hoy Gaillard) casi cuatro siglos despu6s y
buques cruzando las esclusas durante los
primeros afios de operaciones del Canal.

Los murales

proyectaban una buena

imagen puiblica de la

empresa extranjera.

Segin Samuel Guti6rrez, autor de varios
libros sobre estilos arquitect6nicos en Pa-
namA, pocos son los edificios en este pais
adornadostangenerosamente comoelviejo
edificio de la compaiifa de fuerza y luz. Una
tendencia similar de usar azulejos de colores
para crear mosaicos se introdujo en los aiios
1950 y 1960 y puede apreciarse en varios
edificios de la Universidad de Panama,
aunque aquellos azulejos no son tan de-
tallados como los pintados.
Guti6rrez cree que con los murales se
buscaba no solo embellecer el edificio, sino
tambi6n proyectar unabuenaimagen piblica
delacompafifaextranjera. Unafotonocturna
de la estructura tomada a inicios de los aiios
1930 muestra los murales bien iluminados --
creando la sensaci6n de una monumental
galerna de arte al aire libre.
La planta baja del edificio tenia
originalmente una entrada central
enmarcada por dos vitrinas. El tercer y
cuarto piso tenian ventanas altas y angostas
protegidas por toldas de lona, y puertas
francesas en el filtimo piso conducian a
pequefiosbalcones sostenidos por columnas
encorvadas y encerrados por barandas
fraguadas en hierro. El techo piano --

bordeado con una hilera de olas y hojas
esculpidas en una plancha de cemento --
estaba coronado por cuatro faroles.
"Era una construcci6n magnifica para la
cual no se escatim6 en costos", dice
Guillermo Herrera y Franco, un agente de
bienes raices que compr6 el edificio a fines
de los afios 1960. Sin cambiar el disefio ex-
terior, Herrera y Franco hizo varias
modificaciones, incluyendo la instalaci6n de
un nuevo elevador y la primera escalera
el6ctrica en Panama. Por muchos aiios
despu6s, el edificio alberg6 tiendas
comerciales en los dos primeros pisos y
oficinaspfiblicasyprivadasarriba. Laoficina
de Herrera estaba en el filtimo piso.
Sin embargo, el edificio ha pasado por
tiempos dificiles desde entonces. Amn hay
negocios en el primer piso, pero los niveles
superiores estan vacios ahora, excepto por
un taller de reparaci6n de joyas en la parte
de atrAs. Desde la calle, el panorama de los
murales es obstruido por techos de metal y
letreros comerciales, y las ventanas bajo los
murales estAn protegidas con verjas.

Arte urbano
Los murales en el antiguo
edificio de la Compaiia
de Fuerza y Luz (arriba)
detallan el descubrimiento
del Ociano Pacifico,
trabajos de excavaci6n
durante la construcci6n
del Canal de Panamd y
una vista de las esclusas.
El edificio estd ubicado
Sjunto al Banco Nacional
en la-Avenida Central
(foto a la izquierda).
Mucha gente admira los
muralesporprimera vez
ahora que la avenida estd
abierta a los peatones.
Fotos por Jaime Fernmndez

Tambi6n hay un aire acondicionado indus-
trial a un lado. En los pisos de arriba,
ventanas rotas y una puerta se han
reemplazado con planchas de madera.
HerrerayFranco, de83 afios, harecibido
ofertas para vender los mosaicos. "Una
norteamericana ofreci6 buen dinero por
ellos," dice. "Queria llevarselos a Estados
Unidos." Pero Herrera y Franco declin6 la
Avances recientes han traido alguna
esperanza para un futuro mejor localmente.
En 1992, el Concejo Internacional de Sitios
Hist6ricos y Monumentos reconoci6 el edi-
ficio y otras 34 estructuras en la Avenida
Central por su valor arquitect6nico e hist6-
rico. Ademas, se esta considerando un
documento municipal que los dedara patri-
monio nacional -- medida que limitara el
uso de letreros comerciales que desluzcan el
disefio original. Estos esfuerzos podrian
aumentar el potencial turistico del area y
lograr un ambiente mas est6tico para esta
obra de arte urbano que simboliza uno de
los suefios de la humanidad hecho realidad.

Plaga irrit6a reci6n Ilegados excavadores del Canal i,

sobre un insecto istmico conocido como
"coloradilla" que se present6 a los recidn
llegados excavadores del Canal de Panamd
de manera muy intimaypoco agradable. El
irritante y demasiado sociable insecto sigue
metidndose bajo la piel (literal y
figuradamente) de los residentes de Panamd
hasta este dia. Escritopor Samuel G. Blythe
ypublicado en el Saturday Evening Post del
23 de abril de 1908 el articulo se reimprimi6
en la edici6n del 29 abril de 1908 del Canal
El autor comienza describiendo la plaga
a los excursionistas, al tiempo que aiade que
aunque el insecto adora las excursiones (o
mis bien los excursionistas), esta no es la
fnica actividad que disfruta.
"La coloradilla es una versatil y
trabajadora habitante de la Zona del Canal
con varios billones o trillones de ellas a su
haber, que es mas omenos lo mismo. Sibien
escierto quehabita el resto delistmo ademAs
de la Zona del Canal, desde que los norte-
americanos comenzaron a excavar el Canal
su esfera de actividad se ha expandido tanto
aqui que este podria llamarse su lugar de
residencia -- claro esta que no tanto la Zona
como la gente que vive en la Zona", dice.
Segfin el articulo, la llegada de los
norteamericanos para la construcci6n del
Canal expandi6 los horizontes de la
coloradilla -- "miles de pies nunca antes
picados", segfn informes, dieron a la

La legada de los excavadores
expandio los horizontes de la

poblaci6n de coloradillas una infusi6n de "la
alegria de vivir".
El autor explica que quienes vinieron a
trabajar en el Canal no sabfan sobre la nigua.
"Por eso, cuando luego de caminar por las
Ilanuras y detenerse entre la hierba y volver
a casa en la noche encontrabanvarias marcas
rojas en sus pies y piernas que pronto se
convertian enllagas, lo pensaronyllamaron
al atacante coloradilla, con la facilidad que
tienen los norteamericanos para nombrar
cosas nuevas".
Segin el autor, entom6logos de la 6poca
dijeron que los insectos "eran in-
dudablemente la nigua", o Sarcopsylla
penetrans. "Los norteamericanos dijeron
no estar seguros sobre Sarcopsylla, pero lo
depenetrans era cierto, ydecidieronllamarle
coloradillas, lo cual hicieron pues eso es lo
que eran los insectos", anot6.
El articulo describe los habitos de la
coloradilla, c6mo vive en la hierba y cuAn
pequefia la "Sra. Coloradilla" se mueve bajo
la piel de manera tan callada y oportuna, de
manera que quienes no saben sobre ella no
se enteran hasta que esta "establecida y con
las cortinas colocadas, las alfombras y los
muebles en posici6n y los cuadros colgados"
y se convierte en "una ardiente imperialista,

devota a la teorfa de expansi6n".
Entonces,"la percepci6n de ella
es instantAnea, activa y
"La coloradilla adora la
compafifa", dice el autor, "y
prefiere la humana sobre todas
las cosas". Si usted va donde
esta la coloradilla, la coloradilla "'
volvera a casa con usted. Ella
insiste. No hay nada que hacer
al respecto, excepto despojar a
la pequefiaamiga lo mas pronto
posible. De lo contrario, se- Inquilino
guiran varios dias de dolor y "La Sra. C
complicaciones". gente no se
"Muchos pretendientes,
luego de un paseo con sus novias han
despertado a la mafiana siguiente
descubriendo que tienen tantas manchas
como un dalmata, s6lo que las manchas son
rojas. Muchos alegres excursionistas, luego
de pasar horas bajo las palmas, han llamado
"enfermos" a la mariana siguiente, y han
pasado tediosas horas lanzando con agujas
a sus inquilinos. "La luna tropical es gloriosa.
Tiene el brillo mas dulce en todo el mundo,
pero mientras estas fuera probando de ella,
viendo sus rayos de plata filtrarse a trav6s de
las ondeantes palmas, la coloradilla esta
tomando sin ostentaci6n residencia en sus
pies. No hay tal tonteria como la dulce luna
para la coloradilla. Ella siempre estA

no solicitado
Soloradilla" se muda tan calladamente que la
Sda cuenta hasta que estd bien establecida.

Un lugar cercano al Canal fue Ilamado
"Cerro Coloradilla" y era "supuestamente
el lugar de origen de la plaga" y un lugar
donde se reproducia "en enormes
cantidades". La gente bromea, afiade el
escritor, sobre la molestacoloradilla, siendo
esta especialmente graciosa "cuando es el
compaiiero quien recibe la visita".
El articulo cuenta que en una "hist6rica
ocasi6n" un doctor del Hospital de Crist6bal,
seguin informes, volvi6 con 62 en sus pies y
piernas, una marca no oficial entonces.
Segfin el autor, la coloradilla fue s61o una
de tantas experiencias interesantes para los
reci6n llegados al istmo. "Despu6s de todo
son parte del juego, y las quejas son menos
que las risas".

Pagina 3

_ __ ___ __ _. __ __ C

Spillway del Canal de Panami

Viernes 8 de abril de 1994

Calendario de cursos para mayo

El siguiente es el programa de adiestramiento para empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama en mayo. Las
nominaciones deben presentarse a traves de los gerentes de programas de adiestramiento antes del plazo indicado. "C6mo
Planear su Jubilaci6n", "Destrezas Bsicas del Empleado Canalero Eficaz" y la sesi6n matutna de "Cuidado de la
Espalda y la Mecanica del Cuerpo" se dictaran en espafiol. Todos los demas curses se dictarn en ingles. El cursor
"Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras" es requisito previo para lodos los curses marcados con un asterisco, y se ofrece
como un paquete de adiestramiento de 16 horas en el Centro Computarizado de Adiestramiento (multimedia). Ademds de
las clases enumeradas, se ofrecerd el M6dulo 5 del Programa de Adiestramiento de Oficinistas, del 16 al 20 de mayo, que
incluye "El Razonamiento y las Matematicas", "C6mo Recibir Informaci6n Clara", "Divifrtase Archivando"y "Tecnicas
Basicas de Redacci6n".
Cursos (y grupo al que se asigna) Fecha Hora Plazo Lugar
Sistema de Ascensos por Meritos (personal
Div. de Bomberos) ......................... 5/2 8:30-11:45 4/11 C.A.
Adiestramiento para Supervisores I.......... 5/2-6 8:00-4:00 4/11 C.A.
Actualizaci6n al Programa Autocad Release 12
(personal de la Div. de Ingenieria) ......... 5/2-6 7:30-4:00 4/11 717 Balboa
Actualizaci6n del Supervisor: Programa de
Asistencia al Empleado (personal de la Div.
de Bomberos) .......................... 5/3 8:30-4:15 4/12 C.A.
C6mo Dar Instrucciones Claras a mis Subal-
ternos (supervisores)...................... 5/4 8:00-4:00 4/13 C.A.
Actualizaci6n del Supervisor: El Acoso Sexual
(personal de la Div. de Bomberos)......... 5/4 8:30-4:15 4/13 C.A.
T6cnicas del Buen Oficinista (personal de apoyo
en oficinas) .......................... 5/4 y 5 8:00-4:00 4/13 C.A.
Curso de Actualizaci6n del Supervisor: Evalua-
ci6n del Desempefio (personal de la Div. de
Bomberos) ............................. 5/5 8:00-4:00 4/14 C.A.
Programa de Evaluaci6n Gerencial (supervisores
y gerentes NM-11 y superiores) ........... 5/5 8:00-4:00 4/14 C.A.
5/12 8:00-11:45 C.A.
Actualizaci6n del Supervisor: Medidas Disci-
plinarias (personal de la Div. de Bomberos) 5/6 8:30-4:15 4/15 C.A.
C6mo Planear su Jubilaci6n (empleados que
piensan jubilarse dentro de los pr6ximos 5
afios)................................. 5/9y 10 8:00-4:00 4/18 C.A.
5/11 8:00-11:45

Selecci6n y Colocaci6n de Personal-Intermedio
(personal de la Oficina Central de Eximenes
y del Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones) .... 5/9-12
C6mo Cuidar la Espalda y la Mecanica del
Cuerpo (supervisores, gerentes y empleados) 5/10
Normas para la Administraci6n de Contratos
(especialistas en contratos de la Divisi6n de
Construcci6n) ......................... 5/10-13
Destrezas BAsicas del Empleado Canalero
Eficaz (trabajadores manuales que no sean
supervisores) .......................... 5/11 y 12
Usted No Puede Hacerlo Todo: Los Beneficios
de Saber Delegar (supervisores) ........... 5/12
C6mo Disefiar Cursos, Computarizados de
Adiestramiento (instructores de computaci6n) 5/17 y 18
Relaciones Laborales para Gerentes y Super-
visores ........................... ... 5/17 y 18
5/19 y 20
5/23 y 24
5/25 y 26
Divi6rtase Archivando (personal de apoyo de
oficinas) .......................... ... 5/18
C6mo Ensefiar el Uso de Computadoras
(instructores de computaci6n)............. 5/19 y 20
Orientaci6n de Nuevos Empleados .......... 5/23
Administraci6n de Inventarios (personal de la
Divisi6n de Apoyo Logistico)............. 5/23-26
C6mo Clasificar Puestos de Supervisor (espe-
cialistas de clasificaci6n de puestos)........ 5/24 y 25
Terminaci6n de Contratos (especialistas en
contratos de la Divisi6n de Construcci6n) 5/31-6/1

Clases de Microcomputadoras
Introducci6n a WordPerfect* ............... 5/2-4
Introducci6n a dBase III Plus*........... 5/2-4
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Interca-
lar/Clasificar(quienes hantorado"Introducci6n
a WordPerfect") ...................... 5/5
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Cuadros
(quienes han tornado "Introducci6n a Word-
Perfect") .............................. 5/6
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Macros
BAsicos (quienes han tomado "Introducci6n a
WordPerfect") .......................... 5/12y 13
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Columnas
y GrAficas (quienes ban tornado "Introducci6n
a WordPerfect') ....................... 5/24 y 25
Taller de Norton Commander* ............. 5/31

Eventos locales












7:30-3:30 4/14






717 Balboa


717 Balboa



4/11 717 Balboa
4/18 717 Balboa
4/11 717 Balboa


7:30-4:00 4/15 717 Balboa
7:30-4:00 5/6 717 Balboa

7:30-4:00 4/21 717 Balboa

7:30-4:00 5/30 717 Balboa
7:30-4:00 5/10 717 Balboa

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud deben
presentarse al Ramo e Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a
mais tardar siete dias despu6s de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado para Prueba al Azar por
Drogas (TDP) tendran que someterse a una prueba de urinalisis para descartar el uso ilegal de drogas antes del
nombramiento o del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigira el urinflisis a los empleados que ocupen un puesto
sujeto a prueba por drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones en la linea normal de
promoci6n, los empleados en servicio podran calificar con al menos un aio de experiencia especializada en uno o dos
grades inferiores al de la posici6n.
Los solicitantes podran repasar los requisites de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que, por raz6n de su experiencia, posean las pericias y habilidades
necesarias para ejercer el puesto exitosamente seran calificados en base a requisites modificados; Esto no se aplica si
se trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y miximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los grades
de las vacantes anunciadas, excepto para la posici6n de practice en adiestramiento, que refleja el salario anual. Los
empleados seleccionados para lIlenar una vacante seran colocados en el escal6n, grado y tarifa basica salarial
correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilamando al 52-3583.

Puestos permanentes
Aprendiz (electricista), AP-10' ..................
Aprendiz (electricista), AP-101 2 (Debe saber nadar y
trabajar turnos). ..... ........... ........
Aprendiz (electricista de alto voltaje), AP-101 2 3
(Debe saber ingl6s, nadar y tener licencia de con-
ducir). .....................................
Aprendiz (mecanico de equipo pesado m6vil), AP- 101 2
(Debe tener licencia de conducir)...............
Aprendiz (mecanico tornero), AP-10l 2 (Debe saber
Aprendiz (mecAnico tornero), AP-101 2 (Debe saber
nadar y trabajar turnos). ....................
Aprendiz (mecanico tornero nAutico), AP-10l .....
Aprendiz (montador de tuberias), AP-101 2 (Debe
saber nadar). ...........................
Aprendiz (plomero), AP-91 2 (Debe tener licencia de
conducir). ........ ........................
Aprendiz (mecinico de maquinaria de producci6n),
AP-101 ................ ...................
Aprendiz (techador), AP-91 3....................
Aprendiz (mecAnico laminador), AP-101 2 (Debe
tener licencia de conducir)....................
Aprendiz (armador de buques), AP-10' ...........
Aprendiz (trabajador de maderaje en muelles) AP-10,1 2
(Debe saber nadar)..........................
Aprendiz (fabricante de herramientas), AP-101.....
Aprendiz (Soldador), AP-10 ....................
Reparador de equipo en general, MG-82 (Debe tener
licencia de conducir y saber nadar.) ............
Higienista Industrial, NM-7/112 4 (Debe saber
espafiol, tener licencia de conducir y saber nadar).
Enfermera de Salud Ocupacional, NM-112 (Debe
saber espafiol). ............................
Bibliotecario Administrador, NM-122 (Debe saber
espafiol). ...................................

PrActico en Adiestramiento, CP-2/41 2 3 5 (Limitado
a naves de 225 pies.) (Primeras cuarenta horas.
Debe trabajar turnos, saber ingl6s y saber nadar).












$6.79/ 7.24

















Salud Ocupacional

Adm6n. Inst.
y Apoyo

$50,743/$75,165 Adiest. Maritime

Anuncio abierto y continuo
ascenso o asignaci6n temporal
Ingeniero General, NM-13' 6 .................. $23.44/$30.47
Ascenso temporal (maximo un afio)
Asistente Supervisor de Administraci6n, NM-8' 2
(Debe levantar pesos de hasta 70 libras. Debe tener
licencia de conducir). ........................ $12.31/$16.00
Ascenso o asignaci6n temporal
(maximo un afio)
Asistente de Computadoras, NM-61 2 7 (Debe saber
espafiol). .................................. $10.00/$13.00

Marina P

Serv. Admin. P I

Logistica P 1

I S61o se considerara a empleados de la Comisi6n.
2 La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante Ilena los requisitos especiales debe adjuntarse a la solicitud o
incluirse en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se considerara al solicitante para la vacante.
3 Puesto sujeto a pruebas al azar por drogas.
4 El empleado debe residir en el lado AtlAntico y poder responder en 20 minutos a una llamada de emergencia.
5 Las personas que soliciten el empleo por primera vez deben pedir una certificaci6n de su Oficial Administrative
de que tienen por lo menos 520 guardias de 8 horas como capitan de naves de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama de
1,000 caballos de fuerza o mas. Los Oficiales Administrativos deben presentar la certificaci6n al Ramo de Empleo y
6 Debe tener experiencia sustancial en dos de las siguientes disciplinas: ingenieria industrial, civil o
electromecAnica. Los solicitantes que se consideren calificados solo deben presentar una solicitud para este anuncio.
Las solicitudes de los empleados que se reciban despu6s del 15 de abril de 1994 se retendran para ser consideradas
cuando se actualice la lista de referencia de calificaciones despu6s de la pr6xima fecha tope del 21 de octubre de 1994.
7 Debe tener conocimientos de programaci6n de microcomputadoras en sistemas de administraci6n de base de
datos (por ejemplo, FoxPro, Dbase, Clipper, o Foxbase).
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panami es un empleador que se ajusta a la
Ley sabre Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Feria escolar
Todos estin invitados a la feria anual de
la Escuela St. Mary el sabado 16 de abril de
9 a.m. a 10 p.m. en Balboa. Las atracciones
incluyen bailes folkl6ricos, paseos en
caballo y carritos, puestos de juegos,
comidas internacionales y una rifa.

Torneo de bola suave
Del 15 al 17 de abril seran las
inscripciones para un torneo de bola suave
en el Parque de la Liga de Bola Suave del
Pacifico en Balboa. Para mis informaci6n
o para inscribirse, lame a Herman
Wilkinson (52-6833) o contacte a Rub6n
Jim6nez en el parque despu6s de las 5 p.m.

Licencias de radio
La Asociaci6n de Radioaficionados del
Canal de Panama ofrecera pruebas para
todas las clases de licencias norteamericanas
de radioaficionados el sAbado 16 de abril a
las 9 a.m. en el Centro de Adiestramiento
del Canal de Panama. Se cobrara una
pequefia suma por la prueba. Quienes
deseen actualizar sus licencias deben llevar
el original y una fotocopia de la licencia y la
certificaci6n vigente de examenes aprobados.
Para mis informaci6n, lame al 52-7400.

Club de buceo
La pr6xima reunion del Club de Buceo
de Balboa sera el mi6rcoles 13 de abril a las
7:30 p.m. en el Restaurante Curundu.
Victor Ramirez dara una presentaci6n
sobre mantenimiento del equipo.
El club esta organizando un viaje de ocho
dias a la Isla Roatan en Honduras del 28 de
mayo al 4 de junio. El costo de $930 por
buceador incluye el boleto de ida y vuelta,
transferencias de hotel, habitaci6n por siete
noches, todas las comidas y tres giras a
bucear con guias. El plazo para inscribirse
vence el 11 de mayo.
Llame al 63-8077 6 50-0075 para mis
informaci6n sobre la reuni6n, y al 84-5117 6
50-0346 para mas informaci6n sobre el

Reuni6n Audubon
La Sociedad Audubon de Panama se
reunira en las oficinas del Parque Natural
Metropolitano el 14 de abril a las 7:30 p.m.
Amanda Barraza, directora general de
PROMAR, organizaci6n conservacionista
que protege los oc6anos de Panama,
hablara sobre los arrecifes de coral y el
impacto de la contaminaci6n en rios y

Cooperativa de Rodman
Los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal
de Panama pueden ahora hacerse miembros
de la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Cr6dito
Rodman R.L. Fundada en 1953, la
cooperativa ofrece ahorros y pr6stamos a
personal militar de los Estados Unidos y a
empleados civiles y recientemente incluy6
servicios del Western Union. Para mas
informaci6n sobre la cooperativa, Ilame al
28-0062 6 28-2230, o escriba al Apartado
854, Balboa (Anc6n), Panama Repfiblica
de Panama.


Administrador, Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd

Director Asociado

Gala de ingenieros
La Sociedad de Ingenieros Profesionales
del Canal de Panama realizara su cena-
asamblea anual y juramentaci6n de la junta
directiva para 1994-95, el martes 19 de abril
en el Hotel Caesar Park. El orador
principal sera James W. Poirot, presidente
de la Sociedad Americana de Ingenieros
Civiles. Los boletos, de $20 por persona,
pueden obtenerse por adelantado llamando
a Hallet R. Stiles (87-5217), Thomas W.
Drohan (52-7585) o Carlos A. Rodgers

es Pblicas
Director Asociada

Directora de Relacion

Editor Encarga

El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Los artlculos que en ella aparecen
pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, dnicamente acreditando ia fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser entregada antes del mediodia
del jueves anterior a la scmana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodla del midrcoles si hay algfin dla feriado durante la semana de publieaci6n.
Las subseripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular para estudiantes y $19 por correo atreo. Envie
cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n, llame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de
Relaciones Piblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Pigina 4