The Panama Canal spillway =

Material Information

The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Portion of title:
Parallel title:
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Alternate title:
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Place of Publication:
Balboa Hights C.Z
Panama Canal
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Biweekly[Jan. 6, 1984-1999]
Weekly[ FORMER <June 1966>-Dec. 23, 1983]
Physical Description:
37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )


Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note:
Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note:
Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note:
Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note:
Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
02582102 ( OCLC )
83642750 ( LCCN )
0364-8044 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

PANAVA---Providing passage into the twenty-first century

Vol. XXXII, No. 6

Friday, March 25; 1994

Canal to commemorate

its eightieth anniversary

The Panama Canal will observe its 80th
anniversary August 15 and a logo for use
during this anniversary year has been cre-
ated by the Office of Public Affairs. It is
featured in the nameplate of this issue of the
Spillway. Adhesive-backed copies of the
logo are being produced and an announce-
ment will be made when they will be avail-
able to employees.
In observance of another anniversary --
one marking the passage of four decades
since the inauguration of the Goethals Me-
morial -- this issue of the Spillway includes
a special feature on Maj. Gen. Goethals (see
pages 5 and 6).

Take note

The road overthe Madden Dam
bridge will be closed every weekend
through April 30 to allowfor repair and
overhaul work. The road will close at
6 a.m. each Saturday until 6 p.m. on
The Panama Canal Commis-
sion is offering ten full-tuition scholar-
ships to Panama Canal College for
Commission dependents. Applica-
tions are available from counselors at
the Balboa High and Cristobal Junior-
Senior High schools and at the
Panama Canal College. The deadline
for returning them is April 15.
The deadline for the April 8 is-
sue of the Spillway has been advanced
to 11:45 a.m. Wednesday, March 30.
The Isthmian College Club will
offer a briefing about the history of the
Smithsonian Tropical Research Insti-
tute and current programs in Panama
from 4:40 to 6 p.m. April 6 at the STRI
headquarters, in Ancon. For more
information, contact Edna Rigby (52-
2439) in the evening or Billie Hultin
All graduates and students of
private universities that have been es-
tablished in Panama within the last 10
years are invited to a meeting at 4:30
p.m. April 5 atthe Panama Canal Train-
ing Center. Certification problems
faced by these institutions and pos-
sible solutions will be discussed.

Improving navigational safety Photo by Don Goodc
Ships entering the north end of Gatun Locks will benefit from a project to widen the Atlantic approach to the waterway.

Atlantic channel widening contract awarded

The Panama Canal channel to the north
end of Gatun Locks is being widened under
a program to improve navigational safety at
the Atlantic entrance to the waterway -- a
similar project to one nearing completion at
the Pacific entrance.
Asfaltos Panameiios SA. -- the local
contractor that has been awarded five of the
eight dry excavation contracts under the
Gaillard Cut widening program -- will be
carrying out the channel-widening work
under a $1,147,388 contract. It is estimated
that nearly 440,000 cubic meters of dirt and
rock will-be removed from along the one-
kilometer section of the narrow reach be-
tween Cristobal harbor and Gatun Locks,
with about two-thirds of the material com-
ing from the east bank.
The project will increase the width of the
channel from 500 feet to 650 feet. Canal
Operations Captain G. A. Markham says
that numerous restrictions, such as one-way
traffic for certain ships, are required under
the present width. "The new widthwill allow
more flexible scheduling," he adds.
Engineering Division geologists and civil
engineers began working on the project's
design two years ago. Geologist Pastora
Franceschi started by collecting geological
information for the contract specifications.

Topographical and geological maps of the
area had to be prepared, and the work
included drilling to collect samples of under-
ground materials. At first, walking was the
only way to get into the jungled area where
the holes were drilled. "Then the Mainte-
nance Division opened roads and provided
a tractor to help us move the drilling equip-
ment," Franceschi says.
After Franceschi analyzed the material
from the core samples, civil engineer
Laurentino Cortizo designed the excavation

using a computerized mappingsystem. "The
material in this area is soft rock," Cortizo
states, explaining that this made it necessary
to incorporate slide-prevention features into
the design.
Step-like rows of slightly inclined banks
will be used to help prevent the soft soil from
slumping into the waterway.
After the contractwork is completed, the
dredge Mindi will finish the widening job by
removing the material lying below the sur-
face of the water in the channel itself.

New computer rules designed to save energy
To encourage energy conservation and look at the amount of energy used by micro-
environmental considerations, President computers and associated equipment. Be-
William J. Clinton issued an executive order sides reducing government energy costs, the
requiring all federal agencies to work with measure will also help decrease air pollution
computer manufacturers to reduce energy caused by utility generation.

consumption in federal buildings. The or-
der has spurred managers to take a closer

Continues on page 2

Canal booth at David fair highlights

agency commitment to efficiency

The Panama Canal's 80th anniversary
slogan, "Providing Passage Into the 21st
Century," was the theme for the Panama
Canal Commission's participation in the
39th International San Jos6 Fair from March
11 to 20 at David in the Chiriqui province.
The Commission pavilion highlighted
the 80th anniversary observance and fea-
tured a photo exhibit showing progress of
the Gaillard Cut widening program. Visi-
tors were provided with general information
about the Canal and watched audiovisual

presentations on maintenance and modern-
ization programs. Students were given a
questionnaire to test their knowledge of the
waterway's history and operation.
Exhibitors from different countries, in-
cluding maritime industry representatives,
offer their products and services at the an-
nual fair, and the participation of the Panama
Canal helps to promote an awareness of the
waterway's record of efficient operation and
its commitment to maintain the same effi-
ciency well beyond the year 2000.

Customers meeting Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Panama Canal Commission Marine Director Capt. George T. Hull, center, gives an update
on the Gaillard Cut widening program to Barwil Agencies Operations Manager Eric S.D.
Wilson, left, and Pacific Dodwell General Manager John Akers. They were among the 30
members of the Panama Maritime Chamber who met with Administrator Gilberto Guardia
F. and other officials last week for a briefing on Canal operations and improvement programs.


The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, March 25, 1994

What's happening
Basic water safety
A course in basic water safety will be
offered from 1 to 5 p.m. 'on March 26 and
27 at the Balboa swimming pool. For more
information or to register, call the Balboa
pool at 52-5493, between 10 a.m. and
5:45 p.m.
Swim classes for disabled kids
Basic and beginners swimming classes for
handicapped children are offered at the
Balboa swimming pool from 4 to 4:30 p.m.
on Tuesdays and Fridays and at the Gamboa
swimming pool from 3 to 3:45 p.m. on
Mondays, Thursdays and Fridays. For more
information, contact the Balboa pool at 52-
5493 between 10 am. and 5:45 p.m. or the
Gamboa pool at 56-6425 between 10 am.
and 5 p.m.

Credit union meeting
The Paraiso Credit Union will hold its
annual general meeting at 8 a.m. on
March 26 in the Fort Amador Officers'
Club. Free transportation will be available
at the Shaler Road Terminal starting at
7:30 a.m. Members must present pass-
books at the door.

Surplus sale
The Defense Reutilization and Mar-
keting Office will conduct a surplus sale on
April 11 at Building 745, Corozal. The
property may be inspected by registered
bidders between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m. that
day. Bids must be received by 3 p.m.

Infant and child CPR
The Balboa Swimming Pool staff will
offer a class in infant and child cardiopulmo-
nary resuscitation from 1 to 6 p.m. on
March 26 at the Diablo Fitness Center. For
more information or to register, call the Bal-
boa pool at 52-5493 between 10 am. and
5:45 p.m.

English program
The next eight-week term for the
Panama Canal Commission's English pro-
gram will run from April 25 through
June 20. Interested employees must submit
nominations through their training coor-
dinators to the Panama Canal Training
Center between March 25 and April 12.
Training coordinators can provide in-
formation on the courses to be offered.

Technical multimedia courses available
The following courses will be offered at the Technical Multimedia Training Center in April to upgrade the skills of
Panama Canal Commission craft personnel. All will meet at the Industrial Training Branch (Building 2A of the Balboa
Industrial Area) from 7 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Nominations should be submitted through training program managers on
Form 2827. For more information, call 52-4192.
Introduction to Microprocessors .......................................................(3 days)
Introduction to Programmable Controllers .............................................. (4 days)
Introduction to Industrial Control ...................................................... (3 days)
Introduction to Servorobotics ................... ................ .................... (2 days)

Permanent positions
Electrician supervisor, MS-13 (Experience super-
vising journeyman level personnel is required.)...
General supply specialist, NM-91 (Knowledge of
Spanish and driver's license are required.).......

Supervisory supply technician (office automation),
NM-71 (Knowledge of Spanish and driver's license
are required.) ...............................

Supply technician (office automation), NM-5 (Knowl-
edge of Spanish is-required.) ..................

Temporary promotion/detail
(Not to exceed one year)
General engineer (valuation engineer), NM-I 1/122 3
Upward mobility training opportunity
Air-conditioning equipment operator, MG-92 4
(Shift work required.) .......................
Temporary position
(Not to exceed one year)
Medical officer (occupational medicine), NM-12/135 6
(Bilingual ability required.) (Part-time not to exceed
30 hours)................ ................








ca- can-
Unit tion cies

Industrial A

Facilities Mgmt. P
and Support

Facilities Mgmt. P
and Support

Facilities Mgmt. P
and Support

Financial Mgmt. P

Maintenance P 2

$19.71/$30.47 Occupational Health P

I Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official Personnel Folder or attached to
the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
2 Only PCC employees will be considered.
3Must have a substantial background in two of the following engineering disciplines: industrial, mechanical, civil
and/or electrical.
4 These are upward mobility training opportunities and not vacancies. At the end of the training, the employee will
qualify at the target grade of the occupation, but will have to compete for future vacancies. Consideration will be given
only to employees at grade levels below MG-9.
5 Position is excluded and is not restricted to career or career-conditional applicants. Application forms may be
obtained in the Employment and Placement Branch, Building 366, Ancon and must be returned by April 8, 1994.
Applicants must have a doctor of medicine degree and evidence of approval by the Consejo T6cnico de Salud to practice
medicine in the Republic of Panama or be licensed to practice in the U.S.
6 Testing-designated position.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

New computer
Under a new regulation issued by the
General Services Administration, all ac-
quisitions of microcomputers, monitors and
printers made by federal agencies must meet
Environmental Protection Agency Energy
Star Computer Program requirements for
energy efficiency unless an exception has
been granted by the head of the agency.
These exceptions are made on a case-by-
case basis and are based upon the
commercial availability of equipment, sig-
nificant differences in cost and agency
mission and performance requirements.
The Panama Canal Commission recently
updated its list of approved computer
components to meet the requirements of the
new regulation and is currently in contact

Coco Solo clinic

to close April 22

The U.S. Army Medical Department
Activity (MEDDAC) has announced that
the Coco Solo Army Community Health
Clinic will close its doors at 4 p.m. on
April 22.
Atlantic-side employees and dependents
eligible for MEDDAC health care will
receive care at a new clinic in Building 210
on Fort Sherman. The clinic will have a
fully equipped emergency room and an
ambulance and physician available 24 hours
a day.
Performance-of-duty medical treatment
will be available for Panama Canal
Commission employees at the Fort Sher-
man clinic or Clinica del Caribe (for those
covered by the Federal Employee's Com-
pensation Act) or the Amador Guerrero
Hospital (for those covered by the Panama
Social Security System). Employees will be
taken to the nearest medical center for
emergencies in which life, limb or eyesight is
For more information, call the Coco
Solo Clinic (89-5615) or the Occupational
Health Division (52-7958 or 43-7336).

r ule I (Continued from page 1)
with General Services Administration re-
presentatives and equipment vendors to
identify future modifications.
Just as the proper design and selection of
computer equipment are important energy
considerations, so is the manner in which
equipment is operated. Local area networks
(LANs) can do a great deal to reduce total
energy consumption, especially through the
sharing of peripheral equipment such as
printers. For this reason, printers should be
controlled through LANs or printer net-
works whenever possible.
In addition, users should turnoff their
equipment (including microcomputers, moni-
tors and printers) whenever they leave the
office for an extended time (especially at the
end of the day) or whenever the equipment
will be inactive for a considerable period.
For shorter absences or periods of inactivity
(such as lunch breaks), power consumption
can be reduced by about 50 percent by
turning off only the monitor. Screen savers
do not save energy and should, therefore,
not be used as an alternative to turning off
monitors. During installation, power-man-
agement options should be set to switch to
the lowest power standby mode in the
shortest time.


Administrator, Panama Canal Commission
Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Associate Director
Associate Director
Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of
the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without
further permission by crediting the source. All material should be
submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or
by 11:45 a.m. Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of
publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are S6 by regular mail, $4 by
regular mail for students and S19 by airmail. Checks or money
orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call
52-3202 for further information or write the Office of Public Affairs,
Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or
Balboa Heights, Panama.

Paee 2

Women's Week presentation Photo by Armando De Gracia
Dr. Gloria Grimaldo presents the course "A Woman's Challenge: How to Manage
Work and Family during the Women's Week activities at the Panama Canal
Training Center on Monday.

Charitable donation Photo by Armando De Gracia
Pablo E. Kirven, the local representative for Club El Pacifico Inc. of New York,
presents a $1,500 donation from the club to British Aid Society President Elizabeth
Borer to help support the society's charitable activities. Comprised offormer students
of the La Boca Occupational and Vocational High School, Club El Pacifico has con-
tributed over $21,000 to the society during the last 17 years. Dedicated to helping the
poor, the British Aid Society operates "Hogar Catalina Brown, "a home for the elderly.

" -- ..

SPosition Vacancy List
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven days from the date
of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated positions (TDPs)
will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change. Persons
already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion, in-service
employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower level or second-lower level of
the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center (Building 38,
Balboa). For actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be used to qualify applicants when their
Backgrounds include closely related experience that provides the skills necessary for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised. Employees
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).

Friay Mac 25 94TePaaaCnlSplwyPg

Heavy-equipment crews fight erosion

near Pedro Miguel Locks lookout point


By Yira Flores
"Erosion is usually a smooth operator,"
says Panama Canal Commission civil
engineer Manuel Alvarado. "People don't
normally see the effects until they are well
advanced." For example, the tugboats that
help vessels into the north end of Pedro

The project will provide
stability in the area
for many years.

Miguel Locks make waves that wash away
the soil in the area. Left unchecked, this
could eventually threaten the stability of
Gaillard Highway and the parking lot
across from the Pedro Miguel train station
that is used by visitors to watch Panama
Canal operations.
To prevent this, Maintenance Division
crews have been called in to protect the area

and are expected to complete the work in
approximately four months.
The surface has been leveled, and heavy-
equipment crews have begun filling in the
area, which is more than 450 meters long,
using soil and rocks. The rocks being used
were taken from the site of the abandoned
third locks project, which was started during
the 1940s. Trucks have been contracted to
transport the rocks to the work site and the
rocks are being put in place by a Com-
mission power shovel. They will then be
covered with layers of black plastic and
rocks, which will reach up to street level and
will then be covered with concrete.
Alvarado said that when the project is
completed it will provide stability in the
area for many years. In addition, the Pedro
Miguel lookout point will be furnished with
benches and plants for the enjoyment of
those who come to watch vessels moving
world commerce through the Panama

Fighting erosion Photo by Kevin Jenkins
A Maintenance Division heavy-equipment crew prepares the area north of Pedro
Miguel Locks to be filled with rocks and soil to protect the Panama Canal lookout
point and Gaillard Highway from the effects of erosion.

Three Canal divisions recognize employees

Performance awards
The Maintenance, Construction and Engineering divisions recently
held awards ceremonies to recognize employee performance. Pictured
clockwise from above are Construction Division employees receiving
special act or superior performance certificates, Engineering Division
employees who were recognized for achievements during the annual
rating period, Maintenance Division employees honored for helping
construct the bridge and instructor's station for the new Marine
Bureau ship-handling simulator and Maintenance Division employees
and managers who were recognized for their commitment to safety,
productivity, harmony and quality during the division's "Employee of
the Year" awards ceremony.
Photos by Armando De Gracia and Jaime Fernandez

Friday, March 25, 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

Page 3

New shed to provide safer

storageforflammable supplies

By Susan Harp
Construction has begun on a building
thatwill provide safer storage for flammable
supplies managed by the Panama Canal
Commission Logistical Support Division.
Sharing a wall with Building 42 in Diablo
Heights, the $288,380 concrete and steel
structure is being built by local contractor
JOAMA SA. and should be completed in
about six months.
'The shed helps us comply with OSHA

Safety and Health
requirements that
flammable materi-
als be kept separate
from combus-
tibles," says
Ricardo Manning,
chief of the Excess
Disposal Unit.

not the only factors that influenced the
shed's structural design. Its location on top
of a reclaimed mangrove swamp dictated
the type of foundation that would be re-
quired. Foundations must be strong enough
to resist possible damage from ground move-
ment, and the soft, swampy ground under-
neath this building calls for special precau-
tions. JOAMA put hundreds of cubic meters
of rock down to make a firm platform to
build on and anchored concrete structural

Its sprinkler

system can spray

1,600 liters of

water per minute.

Manning explains that paint, aerosols and
other flammable substances should be stored
apart from materials that burn, like lumber
and rags.
Measuring 55 meters long, 11 meters
wide and 4 meters high, the building will
have fire safety and control features, includ-
ing good ventilation, fire doors and alarms
and a water sprinkler system for the area
containing stored aerosols. The sprinkler
system, designed by Commission mechani-
cal engineer Ilya Marotta, can spray 1,600
liters of water per minute inside the building
when activated, and a fire-hose discharge
can provide another 950 liters per minute.
Fire Division personnel worked with the
engineers to ensure that the building meets
National Fire Protection Association re-
Fire prevention and control needs were

pilings deep in the
ground before
starting on the floor
and walls.
"Because it's soft
ground, the pilings
aredriveninat least
18 meters deep to
provide a sound
foundations," says
Construction Divi-

sion project inspector Ricardo Ramos, who
adds that the same building might not even
require pilings on a firm, stable soil, only
short footings.
Exactly how soft the ground was became
apparent when Ramos monitored the in-
stallation of one of the pilings. The contrac-
tor aligned the first 6-meter-long section
with a pile-driving machine and then ham-
mered it in with four ear-splitting blows.
Once the 25-centimeter-diameter piling
punched through the hard fill on the surface,
additional taps were not necessary -- the
column's own weight pushed it through the
soft mud as if it were sinking into pudding.
The workers then connected and easily in-
serted two more sections to obtain the re-
quired strength for the pile foundation. A
total of ten 18-meter-deep piles were in-

Large towboats transit Photo by Kevin Jenkins
The "Lindsay Foss," seen here following a ship through a southbound transit in Gatun
Locks, and its sister vessel the "Garth Foss" are the largest towboats in the world using
the German-made Voith-Schneider propulsion system. The 4,000-horsepower "Parfitt,"
the Panama Canal Commission's largest tug with Voith-Schneider propulsion, is 32
meters in beam and 11 meters in length, compared with the 7,600-horsepower Foss tugs,
which measure 47 meters in beam and 14 meters in length. Built in Louisiana, the new
tugs transited en route to Puget Sound, Wash., where they will escort tankers carrying
crude oil from Alaska's North Slope. The Foss tugs are represented at the Panama
Canal by Boyd Steamship Corp.

Applications accepted for student assistants

The Panama Canal Commission is ac-
cepting applications for the 1994 student
assistant program for the U.S. school vaca-
tion period. Students hired under this pro-
gram will work for a maximum of 12 weeks
from May31 toSeptember2and willbe paid
$3 an hour, with most appointments for 40-
hour weeks. Preferential consideration will
be given to Commission dependents.
Applications will be accepted from high
school seniors scheduled to graduate at the
end of the current year and from full-time
undergraduate university students not gradu-

Canal security guard triumphs in tough sport

By Susan K. Stabler
Canal Protection Divisionsecurityguard
Hugo Lindsay grew up the fifth of a dozen
children sharing a tiny one-room dwelling
with their parents and grandmothers in a
Colon slum called "The Vatican." He re-
memberssleeping anywhere therewas space,
mostly on the floor. Some of the people he
grew up with, including his siblings, are
dead; others are serving jail sentences for
drug trafficking. A few lucky ones are
doctors and engineers. Lindsay found his
way out through weight-lifting, fulfilling a
promise to himself "to be somebody."
As a kid, he loved baseball, but when
someone stole his glove, he was forced to gi-
ve up that sport. He shifted his attention to
a weight-liftinggym called "Los Olimpicos,"
where he started working out in 1968.
The gym is located in the heart of The
Vatican. To reach it you walk through an
alley so filled with the stench of poverty that
the odor clings to your clothes. Yet for
Lindsay, "Los Olfmpicos" was an oasis of
good values and hard work.
In 1969, as a 17-year-old weighing only 97
pounds, Lindsay won his first trophy, a tiny
gold cup, by placing third in his class in a
weight-lifting competition. That little cup
still brings tears to his eyes when he shows it
to someone. He lost his next six competi-
tions, but vowed to try harder, increasing his
training to twice a day.
Over the years, Lindsay went on to win
more than 100 trophies and medals at local
competitions within the Republic of Panama
and to represent Panama in international

tournaments. Dozens of his trophies sit on
a small shelf over the sofa in his father's
home, the same dark room Lindsay grew up
in. Another 58 trophies decorate the house
he bought for his wife Alicia and children,
stepdaughter Yamileth Verley and twins

Photo by Susan K Stabler
Wearingsome of the medals he has obtained
in weight-lifting competitions since he began
practicingthe sport in 1968, Canal Protection
Division guard Hugo Lindsay holds his first
trophy, which he won at the age of 17.

Yamira and Hugo, in the Martin Luther
King neighborhood. He also holds 23 inter-
national medals and many national awards,
and he's given many of his trophies away as
incentives to other weight lifters.
In 1981, Lindsay earned the chance to
compete in the ninth Bolivarian Games in
Venezuela, but one of his twinswas critically
ill. Sitting on a bench with his wife in front
of the Amador Guerrero Hospital, he made
a silent promise to 3-month-old Yamira that
he wouldn't go to the games unless she
improved. To his joy, the child was better by
the time they went back upstairs to see her.
At the Venezuelan tournament, Lindsay
broke and still holds the record in the "snatch"
category, where the speed of the lift is as
important as the weight lifted. The gold
medal he won that day is one of his favorites.
Lindsay has been employed with the
Panama Canal Commission for five years.
Before that, he served for 14 years as a
security guard for the National Institute of
Sports in Colon. "I love my work," he says.
"I like to protect and help others -- I give one
million percent."
Lindsay is well known for his shiny bald
head -- a feature that is linked to his dedica-
tion to weight-lifting. He started shaving it
11 years ago as a penance for losing a Colon
tournament that cost him the chance to
compete again in Venezuela. He meant
only to remain bald for one month while he
trained hard, but the look stuck and became
what he calls "my symbol." And it is, indeed,
the symbol of a man who has devoted his life
to weight-lifting.

ating at the end of the current year. Appli-
cants will be required to provide high school
and university certifications.
Application forms are available from the
Personnel Operations Division at Building
366, Ancon, during working hours and at
Building 1105, Cristobal, from 8:30 a.m. to
1:30 p.m. on Fridays. They should be com-
pleted and returned by April 29. Failure to
complete the form fully and accurately could
result in loss of an employment opportunity.

r 17

Lessons learned

The missing helmet
An employee wanted to visit a friend
who lived three-tenths of a mile away
and decided to ride his bicycle. Because
the distance was so short and he planned
on riding slowly, he decided not to wear
a helmet. The employee felt safe be-
cause traffic was not heavy. However,
there was at least one car in the area --
the one that hit him. The employee
missed two months of work from a con-
cussion and suffered with headaches and
balance problems for a whole year.
Lesson learned: Always use a helmet
when bicycling, no matter how short or
safe a trip might seem.
This column, suggested by the Marine
Safety Unit, reports on accidents that have
occurred or almost occurred to help em-
ployees avoid similar situations. Anyone
who has learned such a lesson is invited to
call the Spillway editor at 52-3202 Re-
quests for anonymity will be respected.

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, March 25, 1994

Page 4

Friday, March 25, 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

Chief engineer directed Canalproject to its conclusion

Goethals major figure in

waterways construction

By Susan Harp
Most people are familiar with the tall,
white, marble structure standing at the
bottom of the Panama Canal Commission
Administration Building steps. But current
generations may be less familiar with the
life and personality of Col. George Wash-
ington Goethals -- the man it honors.

The Panama Canal's chief engineer,
Goethals presided over the Canal construc-
tion effort for more than seven of the ten
years of work, from April 1907 until August
1914, and after bringing this unprecedented
undertaking to a successful conclusion, was
named governor of the Canal Zone. He
served in that capacity until 1916, when he
resigned from the U.S. military to go into
private engineering practice.
Goethals was born of Dutch parents on
June 29, 1858, in Brooklyn, N.Y. Already
accustomed to hard work and holding down

Goethals Memorial marks 40th anniversary

The most visible
ofthemonuments de-
dicated to the build-
ers of the Panama
Canal, the Goethals
Memorial stands at
the foot of the 113
steps leading up to the
Building in Balboa
Heights. Officially
inaugurated 40 years
ago on March 31,
1954, it honors Maj.
Gen. George W.
Goethals, chief engi-
neer during the U.S.
construction of the
Panama Canal and
the first Canal Zone
governor to preside
over the actual opera-
tion of the newly com-
pleted waterway.
Symbolic in con-
cept, the white Ver-
mont marble shaft ris-
ing from a reflecting
pool 65 feet in diam-
eter represents the Geothals Met
Continental Divide A central featui
The basins on each Memorialpays
side represent the Canal construct
Panama Canal locks, shaft are the wo
with their cascades neer of Genius,
emulating the waters
of Gatun Lake flowing into and joining
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Designed byAlfred Shawof the Chi-
cago-based architectural and engineer-
ing firm of Shaw, Metz.and Dolio, to-
gether with the Panamanian firm of
M6ndez and Sander, the 56-foot high
monument was erected by Constructora
Martinz of Panama.
As early as 1935, the U.S. Congress
designated $160,000 to build a memo-
rial to Goethals. Ideas for a bronze
plaque, obelisk and even a lighted bea-
con were suggested, but the economic
depression of the early 1930s and then
World War II delayed the final decision
for almost 20 years.
The long-awaited monument was fi-
nally finished in 1953, and was officially
dedicated a year later, the 50th anniver-
sary of the beginning of U.S. construc-
tion of the Canal. The ceremony was
attended by some 80 oldtimers from the
United States who had worked under
Goethals. Some of them were seeing
the Canal filled with water for the very'
first time. Employees and visitors alike
enjoyed three days of events that in-
cluded picnics, baseball games played
by the grandchildren of construction-
era workers and a transit of the Canal.
During the dedication ceremony, the
Administration Building steps and grassy

norial Photo by Kevin Jenkins
re of the Prado in Balboa, the Goethals
homage to the chief engineer of the Panama
ion project. Inscribed in the white marble
ds, "Chief Engineer, Master Builder, Engi-
Man of Vision."

hill were used as a natural ampitheater
to seat more than 2,000 attendees, in-
cluding Panama President Jos6 A.
Rem6n and Maurice Thatcher, the last
surviving member of the Isthmian Ca-
nal Commission. A larger-than-lifesize
poster of Goethals displayed on the
front of the lectern was recognizable
from even the top of the hill as the crowd
listened to a letter of congratulations
from U.S. President Dwight D.
Eisenhower. After the speakers had
finished, Dr. Thomas R. Goethals, the
general's son, pulled a cord, and the
bunting that shielded the monument fell
Today, 90 years after the start of the
U.S. effort, the Goethals monument
serves not only as a symbol of one man's
determination, but also as a community
Panama Canal Commission grounds
maintenance crews recently re-land-
scaped the area, and the circle around it
was newly paved three years ago, pro-
viding a place for children on bicycles,
parents pushing baby strollers and jog-
gers to enjoy a balmy afternoon. The
monument will continue to testify to
Goethals' achievements and offer rec-
reational possibilities to the community
for as long as visitors respect and trea-
sure its presence.

an after-school job by age 11, he worked his
way through the College of the City of New
York, where he enrolled at age 14. Ap-
pointed to West Point, he was captain of the
cadet corps and graduated second in his
class in 1880. In succeeding years, he
worked on Army Corps of Engineers dam,
canal and locks construction projects on the
Tennessee River and on harbor projects in
Newport, R.I. His 1884 marriage to Effie
Rodman of New Bedford, Mass., produced
two sons, George R. and Thomas R.
By 1903, Goethals was serving in Wash-
ington, D.C., as a member of the General
Staff, and was one of the first engineering
officers to be so appointed.
After the United States took over the
Panama Canal construction work from the
French in 1904, management problems
under John F. Wallace, the first chief engi-
neer, and the fear of continued deaths from
disease seemed to doom progress on the
endeavor. With Wallace'sresignation, Presi-
dent Theodore Roosevelt appointed John
F. Stevens as a replacement in June 1905.
Dr. William C. Gorgas, a recognized au-

"The canal will

build itself if we can

handle the men."

thority on tropical disease, was already on
the Isthmus. Under Stevens, the doctor got
the support he had not received from
Wallace to control the yellow fever and
malaria that had been taking such a heavy
toll on the workers.
Despite having set up the infrastructure
and rail system that would see the Canal
through to completion, making excavation
progress and gaining the admiration of his
workers, Stevens unexpectedly and inexpli-
cably resigned in February 1907, effective
March 31. Roosevelt chose Goethals as
Stevens' replacement, stating that the Ca-
nal would now be built by "men who will
stay on the job until I get tired of having
them there, or 'till I say they may abandon
it. I shall turn it over to the army."
Goethals was not enthusiastically re-
ceived when he arrived in Panama on March
14. Stevens was still living in the chief
engineer's residence in Culebra, and
Goethals and Col. David D. Gaillard, an-
other new engineer and member of the
Isthmian Canal Commission, were greeted

Maj. Gen. George W. Goethals

unceremoniously at the dock. Accommo-
dations had not been prepared, so both
ended up rooming with Gorgas in Ancon.
The new chief engineer's first letters home
were written without benefit of a desk.
There had been speculation among
Canal workers that, now that the military
was in charge, they would have to salute the
officers. A subtle resistance had begun.
Two days after his arrival, at aSt. Patrick's
Day "smoker" that Stevens did not attend,
Goethals silently endured the toastmaster's
praises of the outgoing chief engineer and
derogatoryremarks about the military. The
crowd cheered at the mention of Stevens'
name but was silent at references to
Goethals. In turn, Goethals addressed the
group, assuring them that the operation
would remain a civilian one. Thereafter, he
never appeared in uniform while on the
Isthmus, and soon became recognized by
the white suit he almost invariably wore.
Once in charge, Goethals established
himself as a demanding boss, but one who
was fair with those who followed his
hardworking example. Inaninterviewwith
writer Ray Stannard Baker, Goethals said,
"My chief interest at Panama is not in
" engineering, but in the men. The canal will
build itself if we can handle the men."
Accordingly, Goethals set about mak-
ing organizational changes to boost worker
morale. Roosevelt had already made him
the supreme authority (at $15,000 a year --
half the salary of Stevens) over the seven-
member Isthmian Canal Commission.
Goethals divided the project into three
districts, each with its own chief -- Col.
William L. Sibert on the Atlantic side,
Gaillard in charge of the central area and a
civilian, Sydney B. Williamson, at the Pa-
cific end.
continued on page 6...

Familiar sight
Goethals, dressed in his trademark straw hat and carrying his ubiquitous umbrella, stands
in front of the Miraflores Spillway with construction of Miraflores Locks in the background.
Thus attired, he spent most mornings walking among the work crews, observing as well as
asking how projects were progressing.

Page 5

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, March 25, 1994

Goethals ... continued from page 5

The resulting rivalry between the divi-
sions over the amounts of excavation done,
cement used and ironwork installed put
new life into the project. Competition was
further sparked by the weekly posting of
individual steam shovel excavation statis-
tics in the newly created Canal Record --
numbers that were as eagerly awaited as the
baseball scores.
Goethals captured the hearts of his
workers by declaring his office open on
Sunday mornings to anyone for any reason.
At the time of his arrival, there were about
32,000 employees -- and his door was open
to each one. These Sunday conferences
gave him insight into how things were work-
ing and kept injustices in check, for word of
wrongdoing now had a way of making its
way to the "Old Man."
Within a year of his arrival, important
construction design changes were made.
The bottom width of the channel through
the Continental Divide at Culebra (now
Gaillard) Cut was widened from 200 to 300
feet and the lock chambers were widened
from 95 to 110 feet to accommodate the
U.S. battleship Pennsylvania, still on the
drawing board.
Goethals kept in touch with the progress
by personally visiting the sites. Each morn-
ing, with his familiar straw hat and um-
brella, the colonel would board his per-
sonal rail car, called the Yellow Peril be-

Goethals captured

his workers's hearts by

declaring his office

open to anyone.

cause of its color, and disembark at some
point along the construction line. He then
proceeded to walk between the giant steam
shovels or among the railroad gangs, chat-
ting with workers and inspecting the work
until mid-day, when he returned to his
office to attack the never-ending pile of
paperwork there.
Known for his punctuality, he once or-
dered a conductor to pull out of the railroad
station at the stroke of 8 a.m., despite the
fact that two U.S. congressmen and their
wives could be seen approaching the sta-
tion. Three hours later, the politicians
caught up with the colonel by another train
-- and not a word of apology was said about
the incident.
Social engagements were viewed by
Goethals as nuisances to be avoided except
for those with "VIPs who are too high
ranking to dodge." But the colonel did find

time to promote artistic interpretations of
the enormous human undertaking unfold-
ing around him.
As early as 1912, he exchanged letters
with artist William Van Ingen, developing
ideas for four murals depicting the Canal's
construction. Goethals formally requested
funds for the work in 1913, and the artist
later installed the murals in the rotunda of

"Hell, dig it out

again!" was his reply

to Gaillard.

the CanalAdministration Building in Balboa
Heights, where they can still be seen today.
Goethals was also instrumental in promot-
ing the work of Joseph Pennel and E.J.
Read, whose sketches and paintings of con-
struction scenes also hang in the Adminis-
tration Building.
The construction effort continued, with
the lamp in the chief engineer's office fre-
quently burning until 10 p.m. His determi-
nation to succeed seemed undampened
even by the landslides that plagued excava-
tion of the Continental Divide. When work
there was nearing completion in January
1913, a giant slide covered railroad tracks
and equipment for the sixth or seventh
time. An amazed Gaillard stood at the edge
of the disaster, feeling the loss of all that had
been gained. "Hell, dig it out again," was
Goethals' only comment.
When at last the Canal was built' and
inaugurated on August 15, 1914, Goethals
chose not to make the first official transit
aboard the steamshipAncon, preferring to
stay ashore and ensure that everything went
His final exit from Panama about two
years later was nothing like his arrival. As
friends gathered at the dock to say a last
goodbye, the ship Pastores pulled away,
with Goethals waving from its deck. Samuel
Grier, longtime motorman of the Yellow
Peril, gave three blasts on the motor car's
whistle as a final salute. Goethals disap-
peared momentarily from view; then, at his
request, the Pastores made three answering
At the 1954 inauguration of the Goethals
monument, Canal Zone Governor Jay J.
Morrow said of Goethals, "His ability to
judge and handle men was perhaps his most
valuable asset and a factor of supreme
importance in the successful completion of
the Canal. Toward the close of his long
administration, the admiration accorded to
him by his subordinates assumed the pro-
portions of a cult."
Although it was his intention to stay in

Clearing a slide
Workers clear a path by hand through a landslide in Culebra Cut, later renamed Gaillard
Cut after Col. David D. Gaillard, the engineer in charge of its excavation. This photo was
taken in October 1913, less than ayearbefore the openingof the Panama Canal. Waterfrom
the Chagres River, seen in the background, had already been released to form Gatun Lake.

private engineering practice, World War I
brought Goethals back into active military
duty in late 1917. As acting quartermaster-
general, he was in charge of the purchase,
storage and transportation of all supplies as
well as the movement of U.S. troops until
early 1919., For his war service, he was
awarded the U.S. Distinguished Service
Medal and received honors from Great

Yellow Peril
Goethals stands
with a group of VIPs
before boarding the
"Yellow Peril," the
small rail car he
Used to travel up
and down the length
of the future
waterway during

Britain, France and China. He died Janu-
ary 21, 1928, in New York and is buried at
West Point. His grave is marked only by a
large boulder.
Although Goethals was promoted to
the rank of major general upon completion
of the Canal, to those who followed his lead
in making the waterway a reality, he was
always remembered as "the colonel."

March 1910 ... and two years later
Three years after Goethals' arrival on the Isthmus, excavation of the Miraflores Locks upper In the same view taken in 1912, giant cranes tower over the construction site, with the center
chambers gets under way in this historical photo. culvert visible in the middle. Over 900,000 cubic yards of concrete were poured in this lock.

Page 6





N% ESARIO 1914

Canal celebrara su
octog6simo aniversario
El Canal de Panama celebrara su 80o.
aniversario el 15 de agosto y para ello la
Oficina de Relaciones Pfblicas ha creado
un logo que se utilizara durante este afio de
aniversario. El logo se introduce en esta
edici6n del Spillway. Se estan produciendo
calcomanfas del logo y se anunciara cuando
estdn disponibles para los empleados.
Al celebrar otro aniversario -- el que
marca el paso de cuatro d6cadas desde la
inauguraci6n del Monumento a Goethals --
esta edici6n del Spillway incluye ademis un
relato sobre Goethals (ver paginas 5 y 6).

Tome nota
La carretera sobre la Represa Ma-
ddencerrar cadafindesemanahasta
el30deabril. Lacarreteracerrara alas
6a.m. cada sAbado hasta las 6 p.m. el

La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
esta ofreciendo diez becas completas
para dependientes de la Comisi6n
que estudien en.el Panama Canal
College. Las solicitudes pueden
obtenerseen las escuelas secundarias
de Balboa y Crist6bal yen el Panama
Canal College. El plazo para
devolverlas vence el 15 de abril.
El plazo para enviar material de
publicaci6n para la edici6n del Spill-
way del 8 de abril vence a las 11:45
a.m. del mi6rcoles 30 de marzo.

El Isthmian College Club ofrecera
unacharlasobrela historiadel Instituto
de Investigaciones Tropicales Smith-
sonian y sus actuales programas en
Panama, el 6 de abril de 4:40 a 6 p.m.
en las oficinas principales del instituto
en Anc6n. Para mas informaci6n,
Ilame a Edna Rigby (52-2439) en la
noche o a Billie Hultin (52-2525).
Todoslosegresados y estudiantes
de universidades privadas estable-
cidas en Panama en los 61timos 10
afos estan invitados a una reunion en
el Centro deAdiestramiento del Canal
de Panama el 5 de abril alas 4:30 p.m.
Setrataran problemasdeacreditaci6n
que enfrentan estas instituciones y
sus posibles soluciones.

Asegurando el paso hacia el siglo ueintiuno


Vol. XXXII, NQ 6 Viernes 25 de marzo de 1994

Mejorando la seguridad de la navegacion Foto por Don Goode
Las naves que entran por el extremo norte de las Esclusas de Gatfn se beneficiardn con el ensanche en la entrada Atldntica.

Otorgan contrato para ensanche en el Atlantico

El cauce del Canal de Panama en el
extremo norte de las Esclusas de Gattinesta
siendo ensanchado para mejorar la seguridad
de navegaci6n en la entrada AtlAntica de la
via acuAtica. Un proyecto similar esta casi
terminado en la entrada del Pacifico.
Asfaltos Panamefios -- el contratista que
ha ganado cinco de los ocho contratos de
excavaci6n seca bajo el programa de
ensanche del Corte Gaillard -- estara
realizando el trabajo de ensanche del cauce
bajo un contrato de $1,147,388. Se estima
que casi 440,000 metros cfibicos de tierra y
roca seran removidos de la secci6n de 1
kil6metro de largo del angosto tramo entre
el Puerto de Crist6bal y las Esclusas de
Gatfn, con casi dos tercios del material
viniendo de la ribera este.
El proyecto aumentara el ancho del cauce
de 550a 650 pies. ElCapitAnde Operaciones
del Canal G.A. Markham dice que
restricciones, tales como el trafico en una
sola via para ciertos barcos, son necesarias
conlaactualanchura. "ElensanchepermitirA
una programaci6n mis flexible", agrega.
Ge6logos e.ingenieros civiles de la
Divisi6n de Ingenieria iniciaron el disefio
del proyecto hace dos afios. La ge6loga

Pastora Franceschi empez6 por recolectar.
informaci6n geol6gica para las espe-
cificacionesdelcontrato. Huboquepreparar
mapas topograficos y geol6gicos del Area y
el trabajoincluy6 perforacionespara recoger
muestras del material subterrAneo. Al inicio,
caminar era la finica forma de llegar al area
selvatica donde se perforaron los huecos.
"Luego la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento abri6
caminos y proporcion6 un tractor para
ayudarnos a acarrear el equipo de
perforaci6n", dice Franceschi.
Luego que Franceschi analiz6 el mate-

rial con las muestras obtenidas, el ingeniero
civil Laurentino Cortizo disefi6la excavaci6n
con un sistema computarizado de cartografia.
"El material de esa area es roca suave", dice
Cortizo, quien requiri6 incorporar m6todos
de prevenci6n de derrumbes en el disefio.
Riberas escalonadas ligeramente incli-
nadas se usaran para ayudar a prevenir que
el terreno blando se desplome en el Canal.
Luego de terminado el trabajo bajo
contrato, la dragaMindi terminari el trabajo
de ensanche removiendo el material
sumergido en el cauce mismo.

Nuevas normas promueven ahorro de energia

Para estimular la conservaci6n energ6tica
y las condiciones ambientales, el Presidente
de los Estados Unidos William J. Clinton
emiti6 una orden ejecutiva para que todas
las agencias federales trabajen con los
fabricantes de computadoras a fin de reducir
el consumo de energia en los edificios
federales. La orden ha motivado a los

gerentes a mirar mis de cerca la cantidad de
energia que usan las microcomputadoras y
equipos afines. Aparte de reducir los costos
de energfa del gobierno federal, la medida
tambi6n ayudara a disminuir la
contaminaci6n del aire.

Continfa en la pdgina 2...

Pabell6n del Canal en Feria de David

resalta compromiso de eficiencia

El lema del 800. aniversario del Canal de
Panama, "Asegurando el Paso Hacia el
Siglo 21", fue el tema de la participaci6n de
la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA en la 39a.
Feria Internacional de San Jos6 desde el 11
al 20 de marzo en David, provincia de
El pabell6n de la Comisi6n subray6 la
celebraci6n del 800. aniversario de la via
acuAtica presentando una exposici6n de
fotograffas sobre el progreso del programa
de ensanche del Corte Gaillard. Los
visitantes redbieron informaci6n general
sobre la via acuatica y la agencia del Canal

y presentaciones audiovisuales sobre
programas de mantenimiento y
moderizaci6n. Los estudiantes pudieron
tomar una prueba con la que midieron su
conocimiento de la historiay operaci6n de la
via acuatica.
Expositores de diferentes pauses,
incluyendo representantes de la industria
maritima, ofrecen sus productos y servicios
en la feria anual, yla participaci6n del Canal
de Panama ayuda a crear conciencia del
historial de operaci6n eficiente de la via
acuatica y su compromiso de mantener esa
misma eficiencia mas alli del aiio 2000.

Reunion de usuarios Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El Director de Marina de la Comisi6n del Canal Capt. George T. Hull al centro, actualiza al
gerente de operaciones de la Barwil Agencies, Eric S.D. Wilson, a la izquierda, y al gerente
general de la Pacific Dodwell, John Akers, sobre elprograma de ensanche del Corte Gaillard.
Ellos estuvieron entre los 30miembros de la Cdmara Maritima de Panamd que se reunieron
la semanapasada con elAdministrador Gilberto Guardia F. y otros funcionariospara una
charla sobre las operaciones del Canal y los programas de mejoras.

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viemes 25 de marzo de 1994

Eventos locales
Seguridad basica en el agua
Se ofrecera una clase de seguridad bAsica
en el agua el sabado y domingo 26 y 27 de
marzo de 1 a 5 p.m. en la piscina de
Balboa. Para mis informaci6n o para
inscribirse, Ilame a la piscina de Balboa al
52-5493 de 10 a.m. a 5:45 p.m.

Nataci6n para nifios
Se estan ofreciendo clases de nataci6n
basicas y para principiantes a nifios
impedidos los martes y viemes de 4 a
4:30 p.m. en la piscina de Balboa, y de 3 a
3:45 p.m. los lunes, jueves y viernes en la
piscina de Gamboa. Para mis informaci6n,
Uame a la piscina de Balboa al 52-5493 de
10 a.m. a 5:45 p.m. o a la de Gamboa al
56-6425 de 10 a.m. a 5 p.m.

Reuni6n de cooperativa
La Cooperativa de Cr6dito de Paraiso
tendra su reuni6n general anual el 26 de
marzo a las 8 a.m. en el Club de Oficiales
de Fuerte Amador. Transporte gratuito
saldra de la Terminal de Shaler Road desde
las 7:30 a.m. Los miembros deben presen-
tar sus libretas de dep6sito a la entrada.

Venta de excedentes
La Oficina de Reutilizaci6n y Mercadeo
de la Defensa realizara una venta de
excedentes el 11 de abril en el Edificio 745
en Corozal. Los postores podran revisar la
mercancia entre las 7 a.m. y las 3 p.m. ese
dia. Las ofertas se recibiran hasta las 3 p.m.

CPIR para infantes y nifios
Personal de la piscina de Balboa ofrecera
clases de resucitaci6n cardiopulmonar para
infantes y nifiios el sabado 26 de marzo de 1
a 6 p.m. en el Centro Deportivo de Diablo.
Para mis informaci6n o para inscribirse,
lame a la piscina de Balboa al 52-5493 de
10 a.m. a 5:45 p.m.

Clases de ingles
El pr6ximo programa de ingl6s de ocho
semanas de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama sera del 25 de abril al 20 de junio.
Los empleados interesados deben enviar sus
nominaciones a trav6s de los coordinadores
de adiestramiento al Centro de Adiestra-
miento del Canal de Panama antes del 12
de abril. Los coordinadores de adiestra-
miento pueden ofrecer informaci6n sobre
los cursos que se ofrecerAn.

Anuncian cursos tecnicos computarizados
Los siguientes cursos se ofrecerAn en el Centro Computarizado de Adiestramiento T6cnico en abril para mejorar las
habilidades del personal t6cnico de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Todos se dictaran en el Ramo deAdiestramiento
Industrial (Edificio 2A del Area Industrial en Balboa) de 7 a.m. a 3:30 p.m. Las nominaciones deben enviarse a traves de
los gerentes de programas de adiestramiento en el Formulario 2827. Para mis informaci6n, Ilame al 52-4192.
Introducci6n a las Microprocesadoras ................................................. (3 dias)
Introducci6n a los Controladores Programables........................................ (4 dias)
Introducci6n al Control Industrial .................................................... (3 dias)
Introducci6n a la Servorob6tica ...................................................... (2 dias)

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud deben
presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mAs
tardar siete dias despu6s de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado para Prueba al Azar por Drogas
(TDP) tendrin que someterse a una prueba de urinAlisis para descartar el uso ilegal de drogas antes del nombramiento o
del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigird el urindlisis a los empleados que ocupen un puesto sujeto a prueba por
drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones en la linea normal de promoci6n,
los empleados en servicio podran calificar con al menos un afio de experiencia especializada en uno o dos grades
inferiores al de la posici6n.
Los solicitantes podrAn repasar los requisites de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que, por raz6n de su experiencia, posean las pericias y habilidades
necesarias para ejercer el puesto exitosamente seran calificados en base a requisites modificados. Esto no se aplica si se
trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y mAximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los grados de
las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante serAn colocados en el escal6n, grado y
tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilamando al 52-3583.

Puestos permanentes
Electricista supervisor, MS-13 (Debe tener expe-
riencia como supervisor de artesanos.) ..........
Especialista en abasto general, NM-9' (Debe saber
espafiol y tener licencia de conducir.) ...........
T6cnico supervisor de abasto, (automatizaci6n de
oficinas), NM-7' (Debe saber espafol y tener licen-
cia de conducir.) ..................... ...
T6cnico de abasto (automatizaci6n de oficinas),
NM-5 (Debe saber espafiol.) ..................






Si- can-
tio tes

Industrial A
Adm6n. Inst. P
y Apoyo

Adm6n. Inst.
y Apoyo
Adm6n. Inst.
y Apoyo

P 1

P 2

Adm6n. Fin. P


P 2

Salud Ocup. P 2

Operador de equipo de aire acondicionado, MG-92 4
(Debe trabajar turnos.).......................


Ascenso temporal
(Miximo de un afio)
Medico (medicina ocupacional), NM-12/135 6 (Debe
ser bilingile.) (Tiempo parcial, mAximo 30 horas.) $19.71/$30.47

I La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante Ilena los requisites especiales debe adjuntarse a la solicitud o incluirse
en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se considerard al solicitante para la vacante.
2 S61o se considerara a empleados de la Comisi6n.
3 Debe tener experiencia sustancial en dos de las siguientes disciplinas: ingenieria industrial, mecinica, civil y/o
4 Estas son oportunidades de adiestramiento de movilidad ascendente y no vacantes. Al terminar el adiestramiento, el
empleado calificarA al grado tope de la ocupaci6n, pero tendra que competir para futuras vacantes. S61o se considerara a
empleados que est6n a niveles por debajo del grado MG-9.
5 El puesto esta excluido del sistema de m6ritos, y no estd limitado a solicitantes de carrera o carrera condicional. Los
formularios de solicitud se pueden obtener en el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n y deben
presentarse ya llenos antes del 8 de abril de 1994. Los solicitantes deben tener titulo de Doctor en Medicina, e idoneidad
para ejercer la profesi6n en la Rep6blica de Panama, expedida por el Consejo T6cnico de Salud, o tener idoneidad en los
Estados Unidos.
6 Puesto sujeto a pruebas al azar por drogas.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama as un empleador que se ajusta a la
Ley sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Promueven ahorro de energia (vienedelapdgina1)

Bajo la nueva regulaci6n emitida por la
Administraci6n de Servicios Generales,
todas las adquisiciones de microcomputa-
doras, monitores e impresoras hechas por
agencias federales deben adecuarse a los
requerimientos de eficiencia energ6tica del
programa estrella de computadoras de la
Agencia de Protecci6n Ambiental, a menos
que una excepci6n sea otorgada por el
director de la agencia. Estas excepciones
son individuales y se basan en la disponi-
bilidad comercial del equipo, diferencias en
costos, misi6n de la agencia y requisites de
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
actualiz6 recientemente su lista de com-
ponentes de computadoras aprobados para
lenar los requisites de la nueva regulaci6n y
actualmente estA en contacto con los
representantes de la Administraci6n de

Clinica de Coco Solo

cierra el 22 de abril
El Departamento de Actividad Md&ica del
Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos (MEDDAC)
ha anunciado el cierre de la Clinica de
Salud de la Comunidad de Coco Solo el 22
de abril a las 4 p.m.
Empleados y dependientes en el AtlAn-
tico elegibles para atenci6n m6dica del
MEDDAC seran atendidos en una nueva
clinica en el Edificio 210 en Fuerte
Sherman. La clinica tendra una sala de
emergencias totalmente equipada y una
ambulancia y un m6dico de turo las 24
horas del dia.
Se dara tratamiento m6dico por lesiones
de trabajo a los empleados de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama en la clinica de Fuerte
Sherman o en la Clinica Caribe (a aquellos
cubiertos por la Ley de Compensaci6n del
Empleado Federal) o en el Hospital
Amador Guerrero (a aquellos cubiertos por
la Caja de Seguro Social de Panama). Los
empleados seran Ilevados al centro m6dico
mis cercano en emergencias en donde la
vida, miembros o vista del empleado est6n
Para mas informaci6n, Iame a la Clinica
de Coco Solo (89-5615) o a la Divisi6n de
Salud Ocupacional (52-7958 6 43-7336).

Servicios Generales y los vendedores de
equipo para identificar modificaciones
Asi como el disefio y la selecci6n
adecuada de los equipos de computadora
son consideraciones energ6ticas importan-
tes, tambi6n lo es la forma como se opera el
equipo. Las redes de Areas locales (LAN)
pueden ayudar a-reducir el consume total
de energia, especialmente al compartir
equipo periferico, como impresoras. Por
esta raz6n, las impresoras deben ser
controladas por redes de areas o de
impresoras cuando sea posible.
Ademis, los usuarios deben apagar sus
equipos (incluyendo microcomputadoras,
monitores e impresoras) cuando dejan la
oficina por un tiempo extenso (especial-
mente al final del dia) o cuando el equipo
estara inactive por un periodo considerable.
Para ausencias o periodos de inactividad
mis cortos (como almuerzos), el consume
de electricidad puede reducirse en casi 50
por ciento con tan s6lo apagar el monitor.
Los filtros de pantallas no ahorran energia y
no deben, por lo tanto, usarse como
alternatives para apagar monitores. Duran-
te la instalaci6n, deben instalarse opciones
de manejo de electricidad para poder
conectar el modo de espera que durante
lapses cortos consuma menos energia.


Administrador, Comisidn del Canal de Panama
Directora de Relaciones Ptblicas
Director Asociado
Director Asociada
Editor Encargado
El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial
quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panam. Los articulos que en
ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n,
unicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser
entregada antes del mediodia del jueves anterior a la semana de su
publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del mirrcoles si hay algfin dia
feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n. Las subscripciones de 52
ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular
para estudiantes y $19 por correo adreo. Envie cheque o giro postal
a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor
informaci6n, Ilame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de Relacio-
nes Publicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panami, Unit 2300,
APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Pigina 2

Seminario en la Semana de la Mujer Foto por Armando De Gracia
La Dra. Gloria Grimaldo presenta el curso "El Reto de la Mujer: C6mo Manejar
el Trabajo y la Familia en el Centro de Adiestramiento de la Comisidn del Canal
de Panamd el lunes durante las actividades de la Semana de la Mujer.

Ascenso/Asignaci6n Temporal
(Maximo de un afio)
Ingeniero general (ingeniero de avalfios), NM- 11/1223 $16.45/$25.63
Oportunidad de Adiestramiento de Movi-
lidad Ascendente

Club realiza donaci6n Foto por Armando De Gracia
Pablo e. Kirven, representante local del Club El Pacifico Inc. de Nueva York,
entrega una donaci6n de $1,500 a la Presidenta de la Sociedad Britdnica de
Socorro Elizabeth Borer como apoyo a las actividades caritativas de la sociedad.
Formado por estudiantes egresados de la Escuela Secundaria Ocupacional y
Vocacional de La Boca, el Club El Pacifico ha donado mds de $21,000 a la
sociedad en los tltimos 17 aios. Dedicada a ayudar a los pobres, la Sociedad
Britdnica de Socorro maneja el asilo de ancianos "Hogar Catalina Brown".

I mbill"


Vimes 5 de m% de 1994 SladeCnl e

Cuadrillas de equipo pesado combaten erosi6n

cerca de mirador en Esclusas de Pedro Miguel


Por Yira Flores
"La erosi6n suele ser un enemigo
silencioso", dice el ingeniero civil de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama Manuel
Alvarado. "Normalmente no se ven sus
efectos hasta que estan bien avanzados".
Por ejemplo, los remolcadores que ayudan
a las grandes naves a entrar al extremo

El proyecto ofrecerd
estabilidad en el drea
durante muchos anos.

norte de las esclusas forman olas que
desmoronan la tierra del Area. De no tomar
acci6n, esto podria amenazar eventual-
mente la estabilidad de la Carretera Gaillard
asi como el estacionamiento frente la
estaci6n de tren de Pedro Miguel que es
usado por los visitantes para observar la
operaci6n del Canal de Panama.
Para prevenirlo, cuadrillas de la Divisi6n

de Mantenimiento han empezado a prote-
ger el area y se espera terminen el trabajo
mas o menos en cuatro meses.
La superficie fue nivelada y cuadrillas de
equipo pesado han comenzado a rellenar el
Area de mas de 450 metros de largo con
tierra y rocas. Las rocas usadas fueron
removidas del sitio del abandonado proyec-
to del tercer juego de esclusas, iniciado
durante los afios 1940. Se contrataron
camiones para transportar las rocas hacia el
sitio del trabajo, y estAn siendo colocadas
por una pala mecinica de la Comisi6n.
Luego seran cubiertas con capas de plAstico
negro y mas rocas, que Ilegaran hasta el
nivel de la calle y entonces seran cubiertas
con concreto.
Alvarado dice que el proyecto terminado
estabilizara el Area durante muchos afios.
AdemAs, el mirador de Pedro Miguel sera
adornado con bancas y plantas para el
disfrute de quienes desde alli miran las
naves mover el comercio mundial por el
Canal de Panama.

Combatiendo la erosi6n Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Una cuadrilla de equipo pesado de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento prepara el drea al
norte de las Esclusas de Pedro Miguel para rellenarla con piedras y tierra y proteger
el mirador del Canal de Panamd y la Carretera Gaillard de los efectos de la erosion.

Tres divisiones del Canal premian a empleados

Premios por desempeiio
Las divisiones de Mantenimiento, Construcci6n e Ingenieria realizaron
recientemente ceremonias de premiaci6n reconociendo el desempefio
de sus empleados. Aparecen desde arriba en direcci6n del reloj,
empleados de la Divisi6n de Construcci6n recibiendo certificados por
actos especiales o desempefio superior, empleados de la Divisi6n de
Ingenieria premiados por logros durante el periodo anual de
evaluaciones, empleados de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento premiados
por ayudar a construir el puente y la estaci6n del instructor para el
nuevo simulador de navegaci6n de la Direcci6n de Marina y
empleados de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento y gerentes premiados por
su compromiso de seguridad, productividad, armonia y calidad
durante la ceremonia de reconocimiento al "Empleado del Afio" de la
Fotos por Armando De Gracia y Jaime Fernindez

Pagina 3

eiV mes 25 de marzo de 19 4


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Pigina 4

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Nuevo cobertizo mantendra

seguros materiales inflamables

Por Susan Harp
Ya se inici6 la construcci6n de un edificio
que proveerA almacenamiento mis seguro
para los suministros inflamables manejados
por la Divisi6n de Apoyo Logistico de la
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Compar-
tiendo una pared con el Edificio 42 en Altos
de Diablo, la estructura de concreto y acero
de $288,380 estA siendo construida por el
contratista local JOAMA, SA. y debe estar
lista en unos seis

meses. siste
"El cobertizo Su sister
conlosrequisitosde 1,6001
OSHA (Adminis-
traci6n de Salud y agu poi
Seguridad Ocu- u apa
pacional) de man-
tener materiales.inflamables separados de
los combustibles", dice Ricardo Manning,
jefe de la Unidad de Excedentes. Manning
explica que pinturas, aerosoles yotras sustan-
cias inflamables deben almacenarse lejos de
materiales combustibles, como madera.
Midiendo 55 metros de largo, 11 metros
deanchoy4metros de alto, eledificiotendri
dispositivos de seguridad y control de
incendios, incluyendo buena ventilaci6n,
puertas de emergenciayalarmasyun sistema
derociado de aguaparael rea de almacenaje
de aerosoles. El sistema rociador, disefiado
por la ingeniera mecAnica de la Comisi6n
Ilya Marotta, puede lanzar 1,600 litros de
agua por minuto dentro del edificio al
activarse y la descarga de manguera puede
proporcionar otros 950 litros por minuto.
Personal de la Divisi6n deBomberos trabaj6
con los ingenieros para asegurar que el edi-
ficio cumple los requisitos de la Asociaci6n
Nacional de Protecci6n de Incendios.
No solo las necesidades para el control y
prevenci6n de incendios influyeron en el

Seguridad del
Por Susan K. Stabler
El guardia de seguridad de la Divisi6n de
Protecci6n al Canal Hugo Lindsay, el quinto
de 12 hijos, creci6 compartiendo una peque-
fia vivienda de una sola habitaci6n con sus
padres yabuelas en un barrio bajo de Col6n
Ilamado "El Vaticano". Recuerda que dor-
mia donde hubiera espacio, usualmente en
el piso. Algunas de las personas con quienes
creci6, incluidos sus hermanos, han muerto;
otros cumplen condenas por trafico de
drogas. Unos pocos afortunados son doc-
tores e ingenieros. Lindsay hall6 su camino
en el levantamiento de pesas, cumpliendo
su promesa de Ilegar "a ser alguien".
De niiio, adoraba jugar b6isbol, pero
cuando le robaron su manilla se vi6 obligado
a dejar ese deporte. Cambi6 su atenci6n
hacia un gimnasio de levantamiento de pesas
llamado "Los Olimpicos", donde inici6 su
entrenamiento en 1968.
El gimnasio se encuentra en el coraz6n
de El Vaticano. Para llegar a 61 hay que
atravesar un callej6n tan lleno del hedor de
la pobreza que se queda impregnado en la
ropa. Pero para Lindsay, "Los Olmnpicos"
era un oasis, con entrenadores que
demandaban buenosvalores y trabajo duro.
En 1969, siendo un joven de 17 afios y
pesando 97 libras, Lindsay gan6 su primer
trofeo, una pequefia copa de oro, al ocupar
el tercer lugar en su clase en una
compentencia de levantamiento de pesas.
Esa pequefia copa afn le emociona al
mostrarla a alguien. Perdi6 sus siguientes
seis competencias, perojur6 tratar con mis
ahinco, aumentando su entrenamiento a
dos sesiones por dia.
Con los afios, Lindsay gan6 mis de 100

disefio estructural del cobertizo. Su
ubicaci6n sobre un pantano de mangle
saneado dispuso el tipo de base que se
necesitaria. Las bases tienen que ser lo
suficientemente fuertes pararesistir posibles
dafios por movimientos del terreno y el
suelo suave y pantanoso debajo de este
edificio requiere precauciones especiales.
JOAMA coloc6 cientos de metros cfibicos
de piedra debajo para lograr una plataforma
firme donde cons-
,-i r, truir y asegur6
rna lanza bl"deo
wU lanotJ pilotes de concreto
estructural bien
itros de hondo enelterreno
antes de hacer el
r m into piso y las paredes.
"Como es terre-
no suave, los pilotes
son colocados al menos a 18 metros de
profudidad para lograr unabase adecuada,"
dice el inspector de proyectos de la Divisi6n
de Construcci6n Ricardo Ramos, quien
agrega que el mismo edificio quizAs no
requerirfa pilotes en un terreno firme y
estable, sino s6lo una pequefia base.
Se supo exactamente qu6 tan suave era el
suelo cuando Ramos supervis6 la instalaci6n
de uno de los pilotes. El contratista aline6
la primera secci6n de 6 metros de largo con
una miquina para colocar pilotes y luego lo
martill6 fuertemente cuatro veces para
posicionarlo. Una vez que el pilote de 25
centimetros de diametro se abri6 paso a
trav6s, del relleno duro de la superficie, no
fue necesario darle golpes adicionales -- el
propio peso de la columna lo empuj6 en el
suave lodo como si se hundiera en un budin.
Entonces los trabajadores conectaron y
ficilmente insertaron dos secciones mis
para obtener la fortaleza necesaria para la
base. Se instal6 un total de diez pilotes a 18
metros de profundidad.

Canal triunfa en
trofeos y medallas en competencias locales
en laRepiblica de Panama yrepresentando
a Panama en torneos internacionales.
Docenas de sus trofeos estan enuna pequenia
tablilla sobre el sill6n en la casa de su papa,
el mismo cuarto oscuro donde Lindsay

Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Luciendo algunas de las varias docenas de
medallas que haganado en competencias de
levantamiento depesas desde que se inici6 en
el deporte en 1968 elguardia de la Divisi6n
de Protecci6n al CanalHugo Lindsay sostiene
su primer trofeo, el que gan6 a los 17 anios.

Viernes 25 de marzo de 1994

Transita gran remolcador Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El "Lindsay Foss", visto aqui durante su trdnsito con rumbo al surpor las Esclusas de
Gatfn, y su gemelo, el "Garth Foss", son los remolcadores mds grandes del mundo, con
sistemas de propulsion Voith-Schneider hechos en Alemania. Con 4,000 caballos de
fuerza, el "Parfitt'" es el remolcador mds grande de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd
con propulsion Voith-Schneider y mide 32 metros de manga y 11 metros de largo,
comparado con los remolcadores Foss de 7,600 caballos defuerza, que miden 47 metros
de manga y 14 metros de largo. Construidos en Louisiana, los nuevos remolcadores se
dirigian aPugetSound, Washington, dondeescoltardn a tanqueros conpetr6leodeAlaska.
Boyd Steamship Corp. representa a los remolcadores Foss en el Canal de Panamd.

Abren posiciones para ayudantes estudiantiles

La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama estA
recibiendo solicitudes para el programa de
ayudantes estudiantiles de 1994 para las
vacaciones de escuelas de los Estados
Unidos. Los estudiantes contratados bajo
este programa trabajaran un mAximo de 12
semanas, entre el 31 de mayo y el 2 de
septiembre, se les pagard $3 por hora y la
mayoria trabajarAn 40 horas semanales. Se
dard preferencia a los dependientes de la
Se aceptarAn solicitudes de estudiantes
de secundaria que est6n por graduarse al
final del presente afio, y de estudiantes
universitarios de tiempo completo no

arduo deporte
creci6. Otros 58 trofeos decoran la casa que
compr6 para su esposa Alicia y su hijastra
Yamileth Verley y sus gemelos Yamira y
Hugo,.en la barriada Martin Luther King en
Via Transistmica. Tambi6n posee 23 me-
dallas internacionalesymuchospremiosna-
cionales y ha regalado muchos de sus trofeos
a otros levantadores de pesas como incentivo.
En 1981, Lindsaygan6 la oportunidad de
competir en los IX Juegos Bolivarianos en
Venezuela, pero uno de sus mellizos estaba
gravementeehfermo. Sentadoenunabanca
con su esposa frente al Hospital Amador
Guerrero, prometi6 en silencio a Yamira,
de 3 meses, que no iria a los juegos si ella no
mejoraba. Para su alegria, al volver al
hospital a verla, la niiia habia mejorado.
En eltorneovenezolano, Lindsay rompi6
y afin mantiene el record en la categoria de
"arrancada", en que la velocidad del levanta-
miento es tan importante como el peso le-
vantado. La medalla de oro que gan6 ese dia
es una de sus favoritas.
Lindsayha trabajado con el Canal de Pa-
namA por cinco aiios. Antes, trabaj6 14 afios
como guardia de seguridad en el Instituto
Nacional de Deportes en Col6n. "Adoro mi
trabajo", dice. "Me gusta proteger y ayudar
a otros -- doy un mill6n por ciento".
Lindsay es bien conocido por su cabeza
calva y brillante -- una caracteristica ligada
a su dedicaci6n al levantamiento de pesas.
Hace 11 afios se razur6 como penitencia por
perder un torneo en Col6n que le cost6 la
oportunidad de volver a competir en Vene-
zuela. Lo que debi6 durar un mes se convirti6
en lo que 61 llama "mi simbolo". Y ese es
realmente el sfmbolo de un hombre que ha
dedicado su vida al levantamiento de pesas.

graduandos. Todos deberAn presentar
certificaci6n de la escuela o universidad.
Las solicitudes estAn disponibles en la
Divisi6n de Operaciones de Personal,
Edificio 366, Anc6n en horas de oficina o en
el Edificio 1105 en Crist6bal de 8:30 a.m. a
1:30 p.m. los viernes. Deben llenarse y
entregarse antes del 29 de abril. No llenar
completamenteycon exactitud el formulario
podria resultar en la p6rdida de la
oportunidad de empleo.

Lecci6n aprendida

El casco perdido
Unempleado quisovisitar aun amigo
que vivia muy cerca y decidi6 ir en
bicicleta. Como la distancia era tan
corta y habia planeado ir despacio,
decidi6 no usar su casco protector. El
empleado se sinti6 seguro pues el trAfico
no era pesado. Sin embargo, habia por
lo menos un auto en el area -- el que lo
golpe6. El empleado perdi6 dos meses
de trabajo por una contusi6n y sufri6 de
dolores de cabeza y problemas de ba-
lance durante todo un afio.
Lecci6n aprendida: Siempre utilice el
casco al montar bicicleta, no importa
que tan corto o seguro parezca el viaje.
Estacolumna, sugeridaporla Unidad
de Seguridad Marina, describe accidentes
que ocurrieron o han podido ocurrirpara
ayudar a los empleados de la Comisi6n
del Canal a evitar situaciones similares.
Quienes hayan aprendido una lecci6n de
seguridad estdn invitados a llamar a la
editora del Spillway al 52-3202. Se
respetardn las solicitudes de anonimato.

_ __ _I


Viemes 25 de marzo de 1994

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Pagina 5

Ingenierojefe dirigi6 proyecto del Canal hasta elfinal

Goethalsfigura principal

en construcci6n del Canal
Por Susan Harp
La mayoria de la gente conoce la gran
torre blanca de mirmol que se levanta al
final de las escaleras del Edificio de
Administraci6n del Canal de Panama. Pero
puede que las nuevas generaciones
:onozcan poco sobre la viday personalidad
del Col. George Washington Goethals -- el
hombre a quien honra.

Ingeniero jefe del Canal de Panama,
Goethals presidi6 el esfuerzo de cons-
trucci6n del Canal desde abril de 1907 hasta
agosto de 1914, y luego de llevar esta em-
presa a exitoso t6rmino, fue nombrado go-
bernador de la Zona del Canal, cargo que
desempefi6 hasta 1916, cuando se retir6 del
ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos para seguir
la prActica privada de la ingenierfa.
Goethals, descendiente de holandeses,
naci6 en Brooklyn, N.Y., el 29 de junio de
1858. Acostumbrado al trabajo pesado y
trabajando despu6s de clases desde los 11

Monumento a Goethals cumple 40 afios

El monumento a
Goethals, el mas visi-
ble de los monu-
mentos dedicado a los
constructores del Ca-
nal de Panama, se
levanta a los pies de
los 113 escalones que
conducen al Edificio
.de Administraci6n en
Altos de Balboa. Ofi-
cialmente inaugurado
hace 40 afios el 31 de
marzo de 1954, el mo-
numento honra a
George W. Goethals,
ingeniero jefe de la
-construcci6n del Ca-
nal de Panama y pri-
mer gobernador de la
Zona del Canal en
presidir la operaci6n
via acuatica.
Simb6lico en con-
cepto, el monumento
de marmol blanco de
Vermont que se erige
en una piscina de 65
pies de diametro, re-
presenta la Cordillera
Continental. Las pilas
en ambos lados repre-
sentan las esclusas del
CanaldePanamy sus
cascadas simulan las

Monumento a Goethals Foto por Kevin Jenkins
CaracteristicaprincipaldelPrado en Balboa, elMonumento
a Goethalshonraalingenierojefedelproyectode construcci6n
del Canal de Panamd. Inscritas en el monumento de
mdrmol blanco estdn laspalabras, "Ingeniero Jefe, Maestro
Constructor, Ingeniero de Talento, Hombre de Visi6n".

aguas del LagoGatin fluyendoyuniendo
los oc6anos Atlantico y Pacifico.
Disefiado por el arquitecto de Chi-
cago Alfred Shaw, junto con la firma
panamefia M6ndez y Sander, el monu-
mento de 56 pies de altura fue erigido
por la Constructora Martinz de Panami.
En 1935, el Congreso de los Estados
Unidos design6 $160,000 para construir
un monumento a Goethals. Se lleg6 a
sugerir una placa de bronce, un obelisco
y hasta un faro, pero la depresi6n
econ6mica a principios de 1930 y luego
la Segunda Guerra Mundial retrasaron
la decisi6n final por casi 20 afios.
El esperado monumento se termin6
finalmente en 1953, y fue presentado
oficialmente un afio mAs tarde, en el 50
aniversario de los inicios de la
construcci6n del Canal por los Estados
Unidos. A la ceremonia asistieron unos
80 estadounidenses que trabajaron bajo
la supervisi6n de Goethals. Algunos de
ellos vefan el Canal lleno de agua por
primeravez. Los empleados yvisitantes
disfrutaron por igual de tres dias de
eventos que incluyeron comidas al aire
libre,juegos deb6isbol con los nietos de
trabajadores de la 6poca de la
construcci6n y un transito del Canal.
Durante la ceremonia de pre-
sentaci6n, las escaleras y el area verde
del Edificio deAdministraci6n sirvieron

de anfiteatro a los mas de 2,000 pre-
sentes, incluyendo al Presidente de
Panama, Jos6 A. Rem6n, y Maurice
Thatcher, el iltimo miembro sobre-
viviente de la Comisi6n del Canal
Istmico. Un afichemayor que el tamaiio
de Goethals desplegado frente al atril,
se apreciaba afn en lo mas alto de la
colina, mientras la multitud escuchaba
la lectura de una carta de felicitaci6n del
Presidente de los Estados Unidos,
Dwight D. Eisenhower. Al terminar los
oradores, el Dr. Thomas R. Goethals,
hijo del general, tir6 del cord6n que
devel6 el monumento.
Hoy, 90 afios despu6s de iniciado el
esfuerzo de los Estados Unidos, el
monumento a Goethals no s61o repre-
senta la determinaci6n de un hombre,
sino tambi6n funciona como parque co-
munitario. Las cuadrillas de manteni-
miento de predios redecoradon recien-
temente el Area,y elcfrculo a su alrededor
fue pavimentado nuevamente hace tres
afios, ofreciendo un sitio para que los
nifios en bicicletas, los padres paseando
a sus beb6s y los corredores disfruten las
refrescantes tardes de verano. El
monumento seguird siendo testigo de
los logros de Goethals y ofreciendo
alternativas de recreo a la comunidad
mientras sus visitantes respeten y
atesoren su presencia.

afios, logr6 estudiar en la Universidad de la
Ciudad de Nueva York, donde se inscribi6
a los 14 afios. Asignado a West Point, fue
capitan del cuerpo de cadetes y se gradu6
segundo en su clase en 1880. En los afios
siguientes, trabaj6 en la represa del Cuerpo
de Ingenieros del Ej6rcito, en proyectos de
construcci6n de canales y esclusas en el Rio
Tennessee y en proyectos portuarios en
Newport, R.I. En 1884 despos6 a Effie
Rodman de New Bedford, Massachusetts,
con quien tuvo dos hijos, George R. y
Thomas R. Goethals.
Para 1903, Goethals trabajaba en Wa-
shington, D.C., como miembro del Cuerpo
General, y fue uno de los primeros oficiales
de ingenierfa asignados a ese cargo.
Luego que los Estados Unidos asumiera
los trabajos de construcci6n del Canal de
Panama de los franceses en 1904,los proble-
mas administrativos bajo John F. Wallace,
el primer jefe ingeniero, y el temor a mis
muertes por enfermedades parecian con-
denar el progreso de la empresa. Con la
renuncia de Wallace, el Presidente Theo-
dore Roosevelt design6 a John F. Stevens
como reemplazo en junio de 1905. El Dr.

"El canal se

construird si sabemos

ditigir a los hombres".

William C. Gorgas, reconocida autoridad
en enfermedades tropicales, estaba ya en el
Istmo. Bajo Stevens, el doctor Gorgas
obtuvo el apoyo que no recibi6 de Wallace
para controlar la fiebre amarilla y la ma-
laria que habian cobrado muchas victimas
entre los trabajadores.
A pesar de haber instalado la infraes-
tructura y el sistema ferroviario que harian
posible la conclusi6n del Canal, haber
progresado en las excavaciones y ganado la
admiraci6n de los trabajadores, inesperada
e inexplicablemente, Stevens renunci6 en
febrero de 1907, oficialmente el 31 de marzo.
Roosevelt escogi6 a Goethals como el reem-
plazo para Stevens, diciendo que el Canal
seria ahora construido por "hombres que
permanecerin en el trabajo hasta que yo
me canse de tenerlos alli o hasta que yo les
diga que pueden abandonarlo. Deber6
encargarle el trabajo al ej6rcito".
Goethals no fue recibido con mucho
entusiasmo al llegar a Panama el 14 de
marzo. Stevens afin vivia en la residencia
del jefe ingeniero en Culebra, y Goethals y
el Coronel David D. Gaillard, otro nuevo

George W. Goethals
ingeniero y miembro de la Comisi6n del
Canal Istmico, fueron recibidos sin
ceremonia en el muelle. No se habia
arreglado su alojamiento, asi que ambos
terminaron quedindose con Gorgas en
Anc6n. Las primeras cartas a casa del
nuevo ingeniero jefe fueron escritas lejos
de la comodidad de un escritorio.
Se especulaba entre los trabajadores
del Canal que, como el ej6rcito estaba a
cargo, ellos tendrian que saludar a los
oficiales. Una sutil resistencia habia
iniciado. Dos dias luego de su llegada, en
una reuni6n del Dia de San Patricio a la que
Stevens no asisti6, Goethals soport6 en
silencio los elogios del maestro de
ceremonia al jefe ingeniero saliente y los
degradantes comentarios sobre el ej6rcito.
La multitud se alegraba al mencionarse el
nombre de Stevens y se callaba ante las
referencias sobre Goethals. En respuesta,
Goethals se dirigi6 al grupo, asegurAndoles
que la operaci6n seguirfa siendo de orden
civil. En adelante, nuncavisti6 el uniforme
mientras estuvo en el Istmo, y pronto pas6
a ser reconocido por el atuendoblanco que
invariablemente vestia.
Una vez a cargo, Goethals fue un jefe
exigente pero justo con quienes seguian su
ejemplo de trabajo duro. En una entrevista
con el escritor Ray Stannard Baker, Goe-
thals dijo que, "Mi mayor inter6s en Panama
no esta en la ingenierfa, sino en los hombres.
El canal se construira por si solo si podemos
manejar a los hombres."
Asimismo, Goethals hizo cambios en la
organizaci6n para levantar la moral de los
trabajadores. Roosevelt yalohabia conver-
tido en la autoridad suprema (con $15,000
al afio -- la mitad del salario de Stevens)
sobre los siete miembros de la Comisi6n
del Canal Istmico. Goethals dividi6 el
proyecto en tres distritos, cada uno con su
continuia en pdgina 6...

Un paisaje familiar
Goethals, llevando su tradicional sombrero depajay su ubicuoparaguas, separafrente al
Vertedero de Miraflores con la construcci6n de las Esclusas de Miraflores alfondo. Con
ese atuendopas6 lamayora de las maianas caminando entrelas cuadrillas de trabajadores,
observando y preguntando sobre el progreso de los proyectos.

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 25 de marzo de 1994

Goethals ... viene de la pdgina 5

jefe -- el Coronel William L. Sibert en el
Atldntico, Gaillard encargado del area cen-
tral y un civil, Sydney B. Williamson, en el
extremo Pacifico.
La rivalidad rcsultante entre las
divisiones sobre la cantidad de excavaciones
hechas, cemento utilizado y la herreria
instalada dio nueva vida al proyecto. La
competencia aument6 con los anuncios
semanales de las estadisticas individuales
de la excavaci6n con palas mecanicas en el
reci6n creado R6cord del Canal --
estadisticas tan esperadas como los
resultados del b6isbol.
Goethals gan6 el coraz6n de sus
trabajadores al anunciar que su oficina
estarfa abierta los domingos en la mafiana
para todos y por cualquier motivo. A su
llegada habian casi 32,000 empleados -- y su
oficina estaba abierta a todos. Estas
conferencias dominicales le dieron una idea
de c6mo funcionaban las cosas y man-
tuvieron las injusticias bajo control, pues ya
las quejas podian llegar a oidos del jefe.
A un afio de su llegada se hicieron
importantes cambios en el disefio de la
construcci6n. El ancho del fondo del cauce
en la Divisi6n Continental en el Corte
Culebra (ahora Gaillard) fue ensanchado
de 200 a 300 pies y las cAmaras de las
esclusas se ensancharon de 95 a 110 pies
para dar cabida al buque de guerra
estadounidense Pennsylvania que afn
estaba en disefio.
Goethals estuvo en contacto con el
progreso del proyecto visitando los sitios

Goethals gan6 el

corazon desus obreros

al declarar su oficina

abierta a todos.

personalmente. Cada mariana, con su
conocido sombrero de paja y su paraguas,
el coronel dirigia su vag6n personal, llamado
elPeligroAmarillo por su color, ybajaba en
algfn punto de la linea de construcci6n.
Entonces procedia a caminar entre las
gigantescas palas mecinicas o entre las
cuadrillas del ferrocarril, a charlar con los
trabajadores e inspeccionar el trabajo hasta
el medio dia, cuando volvia a su oficina a
atacar la pila interminable de papeles.
Conocido por su puntualidad, una vez
orden6 a un conductor salir de la estaci6n
del tren a las 8 a.m., a pesar que dos
congresistas y sus esposas se vefan Ilegar a
la estaci6n. Tres horas despu6s, los politicos
alcanzaron al coronel en otro tren y no se
dijo una sola disculpa sobre el incidente.
Los compromisos sociales eran para

Goethals molestias que habia que evitar,
excepto aquellas con "Personas muy
importantes y con rango muy alto para ser
evitadas". Pero el coronel hallaba tiempo
para promover interpretaciones artisticas
del enorme esfuerzo humano desarro-
llAndose a su alrededor.
Tan temprano como 1912, Goethals
intercambi6 correspondencia con el artista
William Van Ingen, desarrollando ideas
para cuatro murales representativos de la

"iDemonios, cdvenlo

otra vez!".

construcci6n del Canal. En 1913, Goethals
solicit6 formalmente los fondos para el
trabajo, y el artista luego instal6 los murales
en la rotonda del Edificio de Administraci6n
en Balboa, donde ain se pueden apreciar.
Goethals tambi6n fue un instrumento para
promover el trabajo de Joseph Pennel y E.
J. Read, cuyos dibujosy pinturas de escenas
de la construcci6n tambi6n cuelgan de las
paredes del Edificio de Administraci6n.
El esfuerzo de construcci6n continuaba,
con la limpara en la oficina del ingeniero
jefe a menudo encendida hasta las 10 p.m.
Su determinaci6n por triunfar no disminufa
ni aun con los derrumbes que plagaron la
excavaci6n de la Cordillera Continental. Al
estar casi termindo el trabajo alli en enero
de 1913, un derrumbe gigantesco cubri6 las
vias del ferrocarril y el equipo por sexta o
s6ptima vez. Gaillard impresionado se
par6 al borde del desastre, sintiendo la
p6rdida de todo lo que se habia logrado.
"iDemonios, civenlo otravez!", fue el inico
comentario de Goethals.
Cuando al fin el Canal fue inaugurado el
15 de agosto de 1914, Goethals decidi6 no
hacer .el trinsito abordo del vapor Anc6n,
prefiriendo quedarse en tierra y asegurarse
de que todo saliera a la perfecci6n.
Su salida final de Panama casi dos afios
despu6s fue muy distinta a su Ilegada.
Mientras los amigos se reunfan en el muelle
para despedirlo, la embarcaci6n Pastores
se alejaba con Goethals abordo saludando
desde la cubierta. Samuel Grier, conductor
por mucho tiempo del Peligro Amarillo,
toc6 tres veces la bocina del vehiculo como
un saludo final. Goethals desapareci6
momentineamente de la vista; entonces, a
petici6n suya, elPastores respondi6 sonando
tres veces su bocina.
En la inauguraci6n del monumento a
Goethals en 1954, el Gobernador de la
Zona del Canal Jay J. Morrow dijo sobre
Goethals que, "Su habilidad para juzgar y
dirigir a los hombres era quizis su mayor
m6ritoy un factor de suprema importancia
en la exitosa culminaci6n del Canal. Al
terminar su larga administraci6n, la

Limpiando un derrumbe
Trabajadores limpian a mano luego de un deslizamiento de tierra en el Corte Culebra,
posteriormente llamado Corte Gaillard en honor al Col. David D. Gaillard, ingeniero
encargado de su excavaci6n. Estafoto fue tomada en octubre de 1913, menos de un afio
antes de la apertira del Canal de Panamc. Alfondo, elagua del Rio Chagresya comenzaba
a fonnar el Lago Gatin.

admiraci6n que le rendian sus subordinados
asumi6 las proporciones de un culto".
Aunque su intenci6n era seguir.
practicando la ingenierfa en forma privada,
la Primera Guerra Mundial devolvi6 a
Goethals al servicio militar activo a fines de
1917. Como comisario general, se encarg6
de la compra, almacenaje y transporte de
todas las provisiones, asf como del
movimiento de las tropas estadounidenses
hasta inicios de 1919. Por su servicio en la

S Goethals de pie con
un grupo de
S antes de abordar el
S "Peligro Amarillo'
elpequeflo vag6n
que usaba para
viajar a lo largo de
Slo que sera la via
acudtica durante su

guerra obtuvo la Medalla por Servicio
Distinguido y recibi6 honores de Gran
Bretafia, Francia y China. Muri6 el 21 de
enero de 1928 en Nueva York y fue
enterrado en West Point. Su tumba se
distingue por una gran piedra.
Aunque Goethals fue ascendido al rango
de general de divisi6n al terminar el Canal,
para quienes dirigi6 al hacer de la via
acuitica una realidad, Goethals fue siempre
recordado como "el coronel".

Marzo de 1910
Tres afos luego de la llegada de Goethals allstmo, la excavaci6n de las camaras superiores
de las Esclusas de Miraflores progresaba en esta foto hist6rica.

... y dos ahos despues
En la misma vista tomada en 1912, gigantescas grnas sobresalen en el lugar de la
construcci6n, con la alcantarilla central visible al centro.

Pigina 6

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