Material Information

Alternate title:
International Agricultural Development Service
International Agricultural Development Service
unknown ( endowment )
Place of Publication:
New York
International Agricultural Development Service
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Physical Description:
12 p. : ; 23 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural assistance ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- International cooperation ( lcsh )
Agriculture ( jstor )
Rural development ( jstor )
Grants ( jstor )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Brochure promoting the organization.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
226299389 ( OCLC )


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ernments and the worldwide scientific and
technical assistance community recognize
the extreme seriousness of problems of
population, poverty, and hunger, and of
their close relationship to low agricultural
productivity and neglected development of
rural areas.
A new sense of urgency has led in-
creasing numbers of developing countries
- and the assistance agencies which would
help them to allocate additional re-
sources, mount new programs, adjust prior-
ities, and employ new strategies to increase
agricultural output rapidly and to improve
incomes and standards of living of the rural
poor. A new era of accelerated or forced-
paced development is under way in many of
the poorer countries.
Concurrently, this sense of urgency
has stimulated a number of assistance or-
ganizations to seek new mechanisms to
enable interested nations to obtain help

quickly and use available technical or fi-
nancial support more effectively toward
achievement of the nations' development
The International Agricultural De-
velopment Service was established in late
1975 to provide services which nations are
indicating they need to increase food sup-
plies for their hungry people and to alle-
viate the poverty under which vast rural
populations live and suffer. IADS will work
to the extent it can with interested coun-
tries, both individually and collectively, in
programs to accelerate agricultural and
rural development.
Although IADS is not a fund-granting
organization, it may consult with govern-
ments without charge or obligation. Other
services will be provided at cost to individ-
ual countries when (a) national authorities
so request, (b) IADS capabilities are ap-
plicable, (c) there is an agreed-upon pro-
gram of work, (d) suitable financing is
available, and (e) the IADS Trustees
approve of arrangements for such involve-

A number of national governments are
now interested in concerted efforts to in-
crease food crop production rapidly and
to. raise incomes of large numbers of farm
and other rural people, usually among the
poorest elements of their populations. Some
countries are giving higher priority than
ever before to agricultural and rural de-
This increased emphasis reflects the
growing concern of governments about the
availability and cost of food in international
"markets, the goal of having locally avail-
able food supplies, and the political impor-
tance of rural populations. Moreover, many

national authorities realize that improve-
ments in agriculture are basic to the general
economic development of agrarian coun-
Countries investing in agricultural and
rural development can expect more success
now than would have been possible a few
years ago because:
-Many nations have strengthened
some components of their agricul-
tural systems, increased their sup-
ply of qualified professionals and
technicians, and improved admin-
istrative, organizational, and finan-
cial capabilities.
-Agricultural technology, especially
for increasing yields of important
food crops in the tropics and sub-
tropics, is available or is being gen-
erated by a network of national
programs and international agri-
cultural research institutes.
-Fertilizer nutrient production
worldwide, now nearly 80 million
tons annually (up from about 7.5
million tons in 1945), is becoming
adequate to permit the use of
fertilizers, where advantageous, on
food as well as other economically
important crops.
-The major international banks and
assistance agencies have expanded
lending for agriculture with em-
phasis on increased production and
alleviation of poverty and hunger
among rural people.
-The serious shortage of organiza-
tions and trained personnel with a
development orientation, which has
hampered efforts worldwide, is be-
ing overcome by assistance agencies
through recruiting of personnel in
developing as well as developed
nations, training of people for

development assignments, and im-
provement of administrative sup-
port and management.
-Mistakes and successes in design of
past agricultural and rural develop-
ment efforts have helped to identify
the strategies and techniques re-
quired for effective, rapid progress.

IADS expects to contribute primarily
by providing, at cost, needed managerial,
scientific, and technical services to countries
wishing to increase food production quickly
and, at the same time, to train additional
numbers of national personnel so as to per-
mit sustained progress with minimal exter-
nal assistance.
Operational Principles
IADS will seek to make available to
nations, in response to their frequent state-
ments of requirements, services which are
highly professional, nonpolitical, and re-
sponsive to the nations' own interests. It
will work with and for national institutions
in programs that are of relatively long
duration, that involve major development
goals, and which significantly contribute to
the alleviation of hunger and poverty.
IADS expects to work closely in agri-
cultural and rural development with other
national and international organizations,
assisting whenever feasible to make exist-
ing programs as effective as possible.
Through continuing discussions, IADS
hopes to encourage and facilitate greater
complementarity among donors and tech-
nical assistance agencies in the planning and
implementation of country programs.
None of IADS' activities, nor any
single aspect of its basic philosophy of
operations, is unique. Such uniqueness as

may exist results from the interaction of a
number of principles and practices:

Country-oriented. IADS seeks to pro-
vide services developing countries need and
request to achieve their own goals. It will
work with a nation to obtain needed ser-
vices from whatever source and in whatever
combination is most advantageous for the
nation. It will represent country interests
in the study of development needs, formu-
lation of programs and proposals, negotia-
tions on grants and loans, and the staffing,
management, and evaluation of programs.
When desirable, IADS will promote direct
relationships between nations and interna-
tional research centers, between nations and
developed-country agencies or universities,
or between institutions of developing coun-
IADS will operate as a neutral, ob-
jective mechanism, ready to serve in what-
ever catalytic, facilitating, or integrative
role the situation requires and IADS can
perform. Using grant funds to cover costs
of certain basic operations, lADS will un-
dertake contract work only when necessary
to enable nations to implement important
programs that is, when other organiza-
tions cannot.
In country programs where its services
have been contracted, IADS will work for
the national institutions involved. Its as-
signed staff will report to national author-
ities and will perform as co-workers. As
there are no set remedies for agricultural
and rural development problems, IADS
will seek to learn along with associated
national personnel the most effective ways
in which the nation can reach its stated

Training-oriented. IADS recognizes
that development is a process of, by, and
for people, who, in the end, must be able
to sustain their nation's progress. IADS'
interest in undertaking country program
assignments will depend to a great extent
on the magnitude of the training compo-
nents involved and the commitment of the
nation to support such training. IADS will
expect its staff to become directly involved
in training of personnel in-country.

Production-oriented. IADS is partic-
ularly interested in country programs with
clear-cut production and rural development
goals against which progress can be mea-
sured. These also must contribute to bal-
anced and equitable national development
as well as to improved nutrition and well-

Field-oriented. IADS will recruit, world-
wide, scientists and administrators experi-
enced in solving problems in the field as
well as in implementing production pro-
grams, including research and training com-
ponents. To this end, IADS is establishing
an international network of individuals
whose expertise on particular subjects is
complementary and who are prepared to
undertake short- or long-term assignments,
or otherwise to contribute to acceleration
of progress of the poorer countries.
In addition to these orientations,
IADS' operations provide for:

Financial flexibility. IADS may re-
ceive, combine, and administer, as desired
by the recipient country and subject to the
concurrence of the respective donors, both
grant and loan funds from a variety of

sources, including funds of the nation being
served. IADS expects to manage its activ-
ities so as to minimize costs to developing
countries and funding agencies. It will do
this by keeping assignments of foreign na-
tionals to a minimum, by employing persons
most likely to make maximum contributions
in minimum time, by keeping its central staff
small, and by accelerating the training of

Industry involvement. IADS recog-
nizes the growing interest of national and
multinational private industries and busi-
ness firms in development, and the unique
expertise and experience they can contri-
bute. It will seek to identify and make
known opportunities for industry to par-
ticipate in important ways in programs of
national development.
Services to National Programs
Authorities of nations engaged in agri-
cultural and rural development programs
or contemplating new efforts may invite
IADS to discuss informally with them the
alternative ways in which the nation might
determine and obtain needed services. Re-
quested services may include such opera-
tions as:
-Analysis of agricultural or rural
development opportunities.
-Establishment of national programs
to accelerate the production of
crops, animals, or farming systems.
-Establishment of comprehensive
rural development programs in spe-
cific geographic areas.
-Improvements in national agricul-
tural research and educational ca-
pabilities and facilities.
-Establishment of facilities to pro-
duce and distribute seeds, fertil-

izers, and other agricultural inputs,
or to provide credit and improve
storage and marketing systems.
IADS is prepared to respond to such
country-specific requests, when appropri-
ate, in a variety of ways. Arrangements
may provide for such IADS services as:
-Assignment to national institutions
of professionals to serve as (a) con-
sultants, (b) short-term specialists,
or (c) leaders and specialists who
would plan, implement, staff, or as-
sist with management of national
programs on a long-term basis.
-Training of national personnel, in-
country or elsewhere.
-Logistical services.
In addition, to assist countries gen-
erally in accelerating agricultural and rural
development, IADS contemplates under-
taking a number of training, research and
communication activities where such ser-
vices are clearly needed and for which
financial support can be mobilized.
The charges for the services IADS
provides cover direct expenditures on a
specific program plus a fair share of ad-
ministrative costs involved. IADS is able to
accept funds and assume responsibilities for
work under several arrangements, such as:

Contracts. IADS can supply services to a
country in support of clearly defined ob-
jectives, under negotiated arrangements,
for a specified period at an agreed-upon
cost. It can, as prime contractor, assist in
arranging for involvement of other orga-
nizations. Normally, IADS expects funds
to be made available for reasonable for-
ward periods, rather than on a reimburs-
able basis.

Most major IADS commitments to
assist individual countries are expected to
be financed by contracts. Such contracts will
be kept relatively simple to allow flexibility
and efficiency of operations. IADS will pro-
vide periodic reports as agreed upon, as
well as audited statements.

Grants. IADS is able to perform certain
types of requested work on a grant basis.
Also, IADS will administer grants, appro-
priately acknowledged, for specific pur-
poses such as (a) fellowships for individ-
uals of less developed countries to enroll
at universities, international research in-
stitutes, or other centers; (b) support of
studies or analyses related directly to agri-
cultural or rural development problems of
poorer countries; (c) travel and study
grants to national leaders to increase their
capacity to serve their countries; (d) sup-
port of conferences, symposia, or training
programs for developing country person-
nel; (e) preparation of publications or
translations of materials of importance to
developing countries; and (f) research pro-
jects to be undertaken by IADS on its own
behalf or for others.
IADS may administer grants from
bilateral or international agencies, founda-
tions, or corporations for specific purposes
under mutually satisfactory arrangements.

Assigned Personnel. Other organiza-
tions may, upon occasion, wish to assign
personnel to IADS and to pay their salaries
and expenses. The purpose might be to
establish liaison with IADS activities, to
provide persons who could contribute in
useful ways to the common mission of
assistance to developing countries, or to
permit promising young people to gain in-
ternational perspectives. When mutually
advantageous, IADS welcomes such coop-
erative arrangements.

The International Agricultural Devel-
opment Service, Inc., is incorporated in the
State of New York as an autonomous, non-
profit professional assistance institution. It
is governed by a Board of Trustees com-
prising eminent authorities on agricultural
and rural development.
The Internal Revenue Service of
the United States has ruled that IADS is
exempt from federal income tax as an or-
ganization described in Sections 501 (c) (3)
and 509(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue
Code and that contributions and bequests
to IADS are deductible for income, gift,
and estate tax purposes.
IADS presently operates out of offices
located at The Rockefeller Foundation at
1133 Avenue of the Americas, New York,
New York 10036. As a corporate entity,
IADS is distinct and separate in its opera-
tions from The Rockefeller Foundation.
When justified by the volume and nature of
demands for its services, IADS may estab-
lish its offices elsewhere, particularly if this
would increase the efficiency of services to
countries and facilitate liaison with donors
and technical assistance agencies.
IADS has engaged the Institute of In-
ternational Education to administer a com-
prehensive program of staff benefits and

Interested persons may obtain a copy of the
latest annual financial report filed with the New
York State Board of Welfare by writing to IADS,
1133 Ave. of the Americas, New York, N.Y.
10036, or N.Y.S. Board of Social Welfare, Char-
ities Registration Section, Office Tower, Empire
State Plaza, Albany, New York 12242.



March 25, 1976

IADS seeks to become a productive
partner in the common goal of increasing
agricultural productivity and improving
rural incomes and standards of living. The
staff of IADS invites interested individuals
and representatives of organizations, both
public and private, to contribute ideas, com-
ments, and questions.
Write: President
International Agricultural
Development Service
1133 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10036
Telephone: (212) 869-8500
Cable: IADSERVIS, New York

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