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e UWI Department of Creative and Festival Arts once again showcased, e Old Yard: a showcase of Carnival masquerade traditions. Featured were traditional mas characters, vintage kaiso and pan. CAMPUS NEWS 03 Coming Soon Diplomatic Academy of the Caribbean CAMPUS NEWS 08Witness to History China Mission RESEARC H 10 As Good As New How Biomechanics helps athletic performance and rehabilitation CAMPUS NEWS 14One Health Working together to solve major health problems facing the Caribbean e Old Yard


SUNDAY 30TH MARCH, 2014 UWI TODAY 3 All ings New in the Month of March! FRO M THE PRINCIPAL Around the world, since man rst started counting months on a calendar, March has signalled a season of awakening, of renewal. For us here in Trinidad & Tobago, we have traditionally welcomed in the Lenten season of self-imposed restraint. As I write this, I am just back from an exciting though fast-paced visit to China. ere I was privileged to be present when China Agricultural University (CAU) welcomed and honoured our Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago to their university one of the most respected in China and our partner institution in Beijing. As you are aware, the Confucius Institute (CI) opened at e UWI St Augustine Campus in October 2013; since then we have made much progress. is critical partnership with CAU is on track to ourish and the St Augustine Campus is looking forward to a visit in April from CAUs President, Dr Ke BINSHENG and his team of agricultural experts and planners. We expect to do something special with our new 200 acre site in Orange Grove the creation of an agricultural innovation park. We also had a ying visit to Wuhan University another of Chinas old distinguished higher institutions and there were collaborating through the Institute of International Relations to establish a Centre for China-Caribbean Studies. is is another rst for China and e UWI. Youll read more about this China mission within these pages. In this issue, we note the internationalisation agenda of the University being fullled in another way. e Caribbean-Pacic Islands Mobility Scheme (CARPIMS), funded by some .8million from the European Union under its Intra ACP Mobility Scheme, facilitates the movement of Masters and PhD students and sta among a consortium of Universities from the Caribbean and Pacic regions. Its primary goal is to build the research and teaching capacity of participating institutions and their regions. e UWI has been awarded the largest Caribbean-Pacic grant for the third consecutive year. Two young ladies, who benetted from this scholarship opportunity in 2013, speak in their own voices about their on-going Samoa experience. We are bringing the world to our door with the upcoming launch of the Diplomatic Academy of the Caribbean, a joint project of the Trinidad & Tobago Ministry of Foreign Aairs and e University of the West Indies. is Academy will complement the Institute of International Relations in that its mandate would be to develop world class, future thinking diplomats through experiential, modular training and exposure to the best in the eld from the region and around the world. e occasion will also mark the opening of our new Conference Centre. Several rsts for e UWI and our country! As good as new is the theme of an article by Dr Sybele Williams, lecturer in the Department of Physics where she is researching anthropometry non-invasive monitoring of musculoskeletal disorders. Its a fascinating read on a cutting-edge area of research on how Biomechanics helps athletic performance and rehabilitation. A week of Campus Council meetings has just ended, during which the Campus reported to stakeholders on all facets of our work and progress much of which is addressed here in UWI Today but more on that in our April issue. ese are exciting, new times for the St. Augustine Campus of e UWI. Join us on this journey of great expectations!CLEMENT K. SANKATPro Vice Chancellor & Principal ere is no doubt that the challenges of modern international relations and diplomacy demand evolving learning and training. While the basics of diplomacy remain, namely the pursuit of foreign policy objectives and interests, this pursuit goes clearly beyond the national level, into the realm of regional and global interests and objectives. The modern day diplomatic academy seeks to provide learning and training not only to diplomats and national government ocials, but it addresses much wider audiences, such as other State Agencies, NGOs, Business and Civil Society. e UWIs Diplomatic Academy of the Caribbean, the rst of its kind, will reach out to a cross section of target groups and beneciaries, beyond the strict confines of CARICOM, to all those involved in one way or the other in international cooperation and transactions. When it is launched in the middle of this year, it will meet a clearly felt need, in the absence of any proper training and learning facility regionally, to oer programmes in diplomacy at various levels and on diverse but relevant subjects. e Diplomatic Academy of the Caribbean is a joint project between the Government of Trinidad & Tobago and its Ministry of Foreign Aairs, and e University of the West Indies through its Institute of International Relations, established initially on a two-year project basis. While an integral part of e UWI and its Institute of International Relations, the Diplomatic Academy will have a separate identity and mandate. New and innovative training techniques will be used in practical, hands-on modules. There will be experience sharing and learning as well as networking with the best expertise regionally and internationally. For further information, please contact andy.knight@sta.uwi.edu.COM I NG SOON!eDI PLOM AT IC A CADEMYof the CaribbeanEDITORIAL TEAMC AMPUS P RINCIPAL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECTOR OF M ARKETING AND C OMMUNICATIONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill EDITOR Mrs Maria Rivas-McMillan CONTACT US Please address all correspondence for UWI Today to Ms Vaneisa Baksh, who will be back as Editor for the April issue, at vaneisa.baksh@sta.uwi.eduNew and innovative training techniques will be used in practical, hands-on modules. ENERGY OUR CAMPUS


4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 CAMPUS NEWSCaribbean entrepreneurs have repeatedly cited access to capital as a major constraint to business start-up or continued growth of entrepreneurial rms. is position however counters the view of a highly liquid environment and some believe that the projects that do not receive nancing, perhaps do not qualify for capital or may have been led by a team or sponsor that lacked the passion, vision or enthusiasm to reassure the providers of capital. While gaps in management may result in a business venture being deemed unattractive, for reasons such as, innovativeness or newness of product, little or limited understanding of the product or the industry and uncertainty of outcomes are also factors identied. Further, the relationship between market liquidity and economic development in the context of CARICOM-member states requires an in-depth examination. is includes a look at the structure of the nancial market in terms of the products and services oered, the sectors into which the majority of funds are channelled and the extent to which the legal, regulatory and policy frameworks facilitate the creation of new wealth.e ability of a country to increase its national output is dependent on its capacity to create economic value and to convert this value into long-term benets for its citizens. at is the essence of sustainability to which countries large and small must strive. e challenge for Caribbean countries is to develop a sustainable model for development; a model that includes a steady ow of innovative ideas, new technologies, knowledge, alliances, investment in enterprise and access to capital. Professor Compton BourneExecutive Director, Caribbean Centre for Money and Finance (CCMF) Caribbean Business Executives Focus onFINANC E AND G RO W TH Professor Bourne, who has researched and written extensively on nance and development, believes it is imperative that the Caribbean adopts an outcome-oriented approach to transformation in which the role and function of the participants in the development process are aligned to creating sustainable value. Industries such as renewable energy, technology, clean energy, digital media, and climate change technology are seen as relevant to the transformation process but their start and growth may require innovative business models inclusive of access to a mix of capital including risk/venture capital. e extent however to which venture capital can full its socio-economic role is dependent on the existence of the supporting elements of the wider ecosystem. e issue of venture capital nancing and its relevance to regional growth will be critically examined at the ird Caribbean Business E xecutives Business Seminar to be held at the H yatt R egency H otel in P ort of Spain, Trinidad on April 4th 2014. Be part of this action towards regional transformation by registering for the seminar.Visit http://cbes.ccmf-uwi.org/; E: Kathleen.charles@sta.uwi.edu or ccmf@sta.uwi.edu or call 868 645 1174 / 662 2002 extension 82544 Best Practices in Higher Education: The Way Forward for the CaribbeanThe UWI is partnering with UNESCO both the Institute for Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean (IESALC) and the Kingston Cluster Office for the Caribbean Region to explore various responses to the changed higher education environment in a second Conference on Higher Education in the Caribbean (II CCHE) this May at its Regional Headquarters in Jamaica. Under the theme, Best Practices in Higher Education: The Way Forward for the Caribbean, II CCHE will focus on Quality Assurance and Recognition of Studies, Titles and Diplomas; Research Management and Impact; and the Financing of Higher Education. The presenters, facilitators and expert discussants from across the wider Caribbean and internationally have been tasked with the formulation of recommendations of ways in which to respond to some of the challenges facing Higher Education Institutions, as identified in the conference subthemes, and so strengthen their capacity. II CCHE will also facilitate more extensive partnerships among participants and with other education stakeholders to achieve common regional goals. Within the framework of the rst Caribbean Conference on Higher Education (Paramaribo, Suriname, 2010), the conference will consider and contrast emerging needs and new commitments and enunciate a new Declaration and comprehensive regional plan of action. C ONFER ENCE S UBTHEM ES Financing of Higher Education Research Management and Impact Quality Assurance and Recognition of Studies, Titles and Diplomas FO R FUR THER INFORMA TION Email: lacc@uwimona.edu.jm ICCHE web page: www.uwi.edu/lacc/cche_2


SUNDAY 30TH MARCH, 2014 UWI TODAY 5 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS Rachel M anley is in town as this years writer-in-residence for Campus Literature Week, an annual event of the Faculty of Humanities and Educations MFA Creative Writing Programme. ough perhaps best known for her trilogy of her famous family: Drumblair-Memoirs of a Jamaican Childhood (1996); Slipstream: A Daughter Remembers (2000) and Horses in Her Hair (2008), few may recall that she is also a published poet. Shes graciously spared some time to answer some questions about her writing and life. Her experiences have taken her from England to Jamaica, to the United States and to Canada in numerous crossings and re-crossings. Where is home? I begin by asking her. Home is where I live. My address. Shes adamant about that. Having to move oen has given her the ability to make wherever she is at the moment home. She continues, but if home means familiar, then Jamaica is what is familiar to meI dont usually nd it changed it doesnt matter what governments in, it just seems the same. What then has been her source of inspirationher muse? at question makes her smile. My grandparents, she says simply. Aer three books dealing with them and history, you kind of need a new muse or else you end up writing the same things. But they are the force that inspires me e conversation turns to her current project a work of ction. I can promise you with absolute certainty, I will never write another! She claims to be overwhelmed by the huge prairie of possibility of ction! In memoir, she explains, you are guided by the simple truths of what are its kind of a roadmap for you that keeps you safe. You dont have to make too many moral decisions because you know you have to tell the truth. You are guided by what is the truth, but with ction anything you write, could be anything you want it to be. Its just endless possibility I get seasick with it I guess its the dierence between memory and imaginationmy memory is exercised, its t; my imagination .is kind of squashed.when I gave up writing poetry and went for non-ction prose I had kind of said no to imagination and now to ask it to wake up again, it does not want to wake. But is there any other aspect of memory still le to be explored? I plan to do a book of short stories...I do have other storiessome are more to do with me, not the family...but in themselves are entities that are worth writing. To young writers starting out, her advice is to remember the background you are coming from always the rich oral tradition, the responsibilityto tell the stories of your own generation and the ones before that might not have been comfortably literate. Also important is a social message that shines light on the things in our society even if the overall purpose might be to entertain. Fiy years from now what would she want people to remember about her writing? I would like them to remember through Drumblair, and Slipstream and Horses, my grandparents and my father, and the huge, imaginative strides they made for Jamaica thats what I want them to remember. e Power of Memory Over ImaginationRachel M anley


6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 CAMPUS NEWSRA MON A BOO D OO SI NGHI completed a BSc in Chemistry and Management and a Post Graduate Diploma in Mediation Studies at UWI. Here Im pursuing a Masters in Development Studies at NUS. My thesis research focuses on support services for survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. e experience has been amazing. As with all countries, there have been the good, the bad and the ugly. I am grateful for the opportunity to be reminded of how much I took for granted at home. I am a vegetarian and within two days of being in Samoa, I realized starvation was a real possibility. Vegetarians nd it rather dicult here. I decided to eat seafood it is not full proof as I have oen faced a plate of many meats which do not include sh! Electricity is very expensive, internet plans are done by data and purchasing drinking water is advisable. Honestly, I miss YouTube........a lot. It is amazing to live in a country where the culture is thousands of years old and some parts are so strikingly beautiful and unique. Artefacts tell of ancient stories and I oen feel that I am living an episode of National Geographic. Samoa used to exist for me only in an atlas. When natural disasters occurred, I felt sad but did not empathize. Now these are About CARIBBEAN PA CIFIC MOBIL IT Y S CHEME (C ARPIMS)CARPIMS nurtures cooperation and mobility between regions in the areas of postgraduate education and sta development. It is funded by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency of the European Union. CARPIMS comprises 10 Caribbean and South-Pacic Higher Education Institutions which act as host institutions. The University of Porto and UNICA provide technical and other assistance. The project forges strong cooperative links, enhances institutional capacity and creates an active network of the host institutions to directly address common issues and challenges.Life in SA MO AWhere Adventure BeginsOne minute its just a dream. The next youre on a Pacic island and living that dream. For Melissa McAllister and Ramona Boodoosingh, dreams do come true.For details, one-on-one application assistance, visit: www.sta.uwi.edu/carpims or email CARPIMS@sta.uwi.edu. Applications close March 31, 2014 M ELISSA Mc ALLISTERI struggled to complete my application then, while on the verge of giving up, CARPIMS emailed about the application extension! I had obtained a BSc Accounting Special degree at UWI and Im doing a Masters in Development Studies with my thesis topic in micro nance at the National University of Samoa (NUS) through the CARPIMS programme. My Samoan experience had a rough start... we were robbed within the rst night of my colleagues arrival but the university moved us within the day. I feel very safe here and the scenery is lovely. I started teaching dance to children and adults, assisting the dance group Salsa Samoa by conducting dance classes and organizing performances at dierent social events. I am also learning the cultural dances of the Polynesian Islands. Luckily for me, most Samoans speak English pretty well. I speak slowly because my Trini accent is a bit dicult to understand (but they still love to hear it). A Samoan funeral and the Sii (gi exchange) are interesting. e custom is for people to carry gis for the family of the deceased and in return the family gives gis. We went with NUS sta to present a bouquet and gi items to a sta members family and among the many gis to NUS were raw chicken, pigs and cows. As a result funerals are so expensive that people oen take loans to cover the cost. Living conditions generally are very simple and open. In most villages, families live in open houses or fales. Samoans are not very materialistic so they dont desire many possessions and they can manage to live in houses with no walls. For most families in rural areas living conditions appear less than desirable though they seem ne with their way of simple living. Samoans call the areas where families live better o, a palagi/foreign lifestyle. ey eat a lot of meat especially pork and do not cook with a lot of seasoning. eir dress code, like everything else, is very simple; its very normal to see men and women in a T-shirt and lava lava (wrap skirt) along with a pair of slippers ( which they quite oen refer to as shoes). Both Samoa and Trinidad and Tobago enjoy the closeness of families, although this is more prevalent in Samoa because of traditional customs of living in the same compound. Also Samoa appears to be 10 years behind our country in terms of development. Samoans are less vocal, especially when in the presence of authority. e world now seems a smaller place. In Samoa I have made friends from all over the world. e Pacic region is a culturally enriched region, though with development challenges. I have learnt to observe the customs and practices of a dierent culture and use this information to better understand individuals. Moreover I have learnt to be grateful for many things that I once took for granted. You can live a simple life and be happy. my friends homes and this is also my region. I was really blessed to intern with the UN Women Multi Country Oce, under the Ending Violence Against Women Programme. I try the Samoan language with sometimes tragic results. I accidentally called a matai (chief), a chicken pen (pamoa) by misspelling his name (panoa) in a group email. is resulted in my punishment of fruit smoothies for all! Traditions are deeply entrenched in Samoa; Faasamoa (Samoan way) is an integral part of life. Family and the church are very important. Modesty in dress for women is preferred with the traditional dress being called the pulatasi, a top which reaches to the knees or below and a oor length skirt. Taro (dasheen) and coconut are as basic a food item as rice, roti and bread in Trinidad and Tobago. Interestingly, cassava is considered pig (puaa) food it is not easy to nd. e traditional cooking method is the umu, constructed above ground using heated lava stones to bury the food which has been wrapped in some cases in banana or taro leaves. It is normally constructed on Sunday for the Sunday lunch by the men in the family. In closing, please send me salt sh, Maggi vegetable soup and preserved mango. Melissa at a Samoan beach Ramona in Samoan print


8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 On February 22, 2014 I took my two dogs to the kennel and prepared for a long arduous ight to China. Since there are no direct ights from Port of Spain to Beijing, I went through Newark and racked up 9,039 miles on American Airlines, landing in the late evening of February 23, exhausted and dishevelled. The driver who was supposed to greet me at the Beijing Capital International Airport, an architectural marvel, was nowhere to be found. And I checked carefully the hundreds of placards being waved about by other drivers at the welcoming area but no sign of Knight. But I did see this one sign that read Invest TT. So, being resourceful, I went over to the tall man holding the sign and simply said: I am from Trinidad, are there others from the Trinidad and Tobago team? Luckily, those words got the attention of this Chinese man who obviously didnt speak much English. He took me over to a tired group of Trinis who welcomed me with open arms and allowed me to hitch a ride with them to the Grand Hyatt Hotel where we were staying. The rst thing I noticed, as we drove through the streets of Beijing to the hotel, was the smog. We could hardly see anything as we drove by the smog was that dense. Through the haze we saw a glimpse of The Forbidden City and the famous Tiananmen Square and then we arrived at the magnicent 5 star hotel, the Grand Hyatt Beijing which sits inside Oriental Plaza one of the largest commercial complexes in China. As I walked through the door, I felt immediately at home. There was a kind of a carnival atmosphere in the lobby and both Sharan Singh, Director of the Oce of Institutional Advancement and Internationalization, and Professor Sankat, Principal of the St. Augustine Campus, The University of the West Indies, were there looking no worse for wear after their long ight to Beijing. Once checked in, I entered the elevator to the welcoming sounds of pan music. Perhaps this was the hotels way of welcoming the folks from Trinidad and Tobago. The next day, the Principal, Sharan Singh and I boarded a ight to Wuhan in Hubei province. Our task to sign an Exchange Agreement between Wuhan University and The University of the West Indies for the establishment of a joint Wuhan University-UWI Centre on Caribbean Studies. And what a reception we received at Wuhan University, considered the most beautiful campus in the whole of China. We were met by Professor Xiaotong Zhang, someone with whom I had been working for over a year to cement the relationship between the Institute of International Relations and Wuhan Universitys Department of Political Science and Public Administration (PSPA), after the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Wuhan University and The UWI in 2013. On the afternoon of February 24, Principal Sankat signed the exchange agreement with Mme. Feng Youmei, the Executive Vice President of Wuhan University, in the presence of Ding Huang, Dean of Political Science and Public Administration (PSPA) Professor Yan Shuangwu, Vice Dean of PSPA, Associate Professor Zhang Xiaotong, and Cheng Xuemeng, Minister of International Oce of Wuhan University. Sharan Singh and I witnessed the signing on behalf of The UWI. Vice President Feng Youmei warmly welcomed us and expressed her heartfelt thanks to Professor Sankat for making the maiden visit to Wuhan University. In her speech, she spoke highly of the collaboration that has been developing between the two institutions and expressed the desire to seek out other channels and chances for the further exchange of culture, academic thought, and languages, etc., between both sides. Principal Sankat in his speech thanked Wuhan University for engaging in this collaboration and expressed the hope that faculty and students at the Institute of International Relations and across The UWI campuses will benet from exchanges and joint research collaboration with respect to understanding the relationship between the wider Caribbean and China. After the formal signing, we were treated to some of the best food of the province of Hubei, both at lunch and supper. I have begun to understand how important it is for Chinese to build relationships with foreigners through food and Gan Bei. Not accepting a toast and not at least trying out some of the local delicacies such as frog, Mian Wo, Shaomei, Tangyuan, Wuchang sh, or turtle meat, can be considered uncivilized or potentially disrespectful. So, one has to demonstrate genuine respect for the elaborate eorts made by the hosts to bring one into the inner circle. I must admit that the artistic presentation of Chinese cuisine is so exquisite that it seems like a pity to dig into it and destroy the work of art. The night before we left Wuhan, we were told that there were about 20 students at a pub waiting to meet us. Despite feelings of weariness and thoughts of getting to the airport early the next morning for a ight back to Beijing, the Principal, Sharan Singh and I decided to accept the invitation of the students. And we were glad we did. CAMPUS NEWS Witness to an H istoric M oment BY W. A NDY K NIGHT Just imagine, twenty or so bright, articulate young Chinese students, most of whom understood and spoke English quite eectively, sitting in a pub and drinking in all that we had to say about The UWI, about the St. Augustine campus and about the Institute of International Relations. They were extraordinarily attentive. But they also spoke of their love of Caribbean studies and their knowledge of such great Caribbean scholars as Sir Arthur Lewis and Professor Norman Girvan. And they knew of distinguished Caribbean writers like V.S. Naipaul, Derek Walcott, Austin Clarke, and Earl Lovelace. You see, this group of terric young people have formed what they call Friends of the Caribbean club. This club meets regularly to discuss all things Caribbean music, art, culture, politics, literature and regionalism. Several of them expressed an interest in taking courses at the Institute of International Relations and in observing our carnival. Some were even familiar with our own Bunji Garlin and his infectious soca hit Dierentology. I think I speak for both Professor Sankat and Sharan Singh that this evening with the Wuhan University HE Chandradath Singh impresses on the pan e highest political echelons of both Trinidad and T obago and China oversee the signing of the MO U by Principal Sankat and CAU President Ke Binsheng


SUNDAY 30TH MARCH, 2014 UWI TODAY 9 Witness to an H istoric M oment BY W. A NDY K NIGHT students was time well spent. Our hope is that through the MOU that now exists between The UWI and Wuhan University we will see an increase in the numbers of Trinidad and Tobago students interested in travelling to Wuhan and exploring the music, art, culture, politics, literature and emerging international relations of China. Leaving beautiful Wuhan was tough, but we had to get back to Beijing to meet up with the Prime Minister and her entourage for the historic opening of this countrys new Embassy. Many people I have talked to express surprise that the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago did not have an embassy in China until 2014. After all, the relationship between The Peoples Republic of China and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago dates back to the 1970s when Trinidad and Tobago embraced the One China policy and supported mainland Chinas entrance into the United Nations and the UN Security Council (at the expense of Taiwan). You would recall that just last year, Xi Jinping became the highest ranking ocial of the Peoples Republic of China to visit our country since China and Trinidad and Tobago established diplomatic relations on 20 June 1974 (some 40 years ago). It was during that visit, from 31 May to 2 June 2013, that the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, the Honourable Kamla Persad-Bissessar, promised to open an Embassy and Cultural Centre in Beijing to facilitate the growing trade and investment opportunities for our countrys businesses and to cement a relationship with China that dates back some 200 years when some Chinese workers rst made Trinidad home. We know that Chinese settlement in Trinidad and Tobago began around 1806 when the ship Fortitude brought a group of Chinese men from Macau and Penang to work as free labourers and peasant farmers. Between 1853 and 1866 some 2,645 Chinese labourers came to Trinidad most from Guangdong province -and worked on sugar and cacao plantations. At its peak, in 1960, there were about 8,361 Chinese living comfortably in Trinidad & Tobago. While that number dropped between the 1960s and 2000, we seem to be witnessing another wave of Chinese immigrants who are interested in setting up businesses in Trinidad and Tobago. Prominent citizens of Chinese descent include Sir Solomon Hochoy, former Trinidad and Tobago Governor General, Professor George Maxwell Richards, Eugene Chen, Robert Chee-Mooke, Brian Kuei Tung, Howard Chin Lee, Lawrence and Albert Achong, John Lee Lum, Sybil Atteck, Edwin Hing Wan, Raymond Choo Kong, Richard Chen, Lenn Chong Sing, Anya Ayoung-Chee, Chris Wong Won, Rupert Tang Choon and Professor John Aleong. So there is a relatively long history of ChineseTrinidadian relations which was tapped into when the Prime Minister gave her speech formally opening the Embassy in Beijing. Being a witness to this historical moment was a pretty cool thing for a Bajan-Canadian. As a relative outsider I am sometimes bemused by the political shenanigans of local politicians. I think its called bacchanal here. But when something like this happens the opening up of an Embassy in China, an emerging economic power people should rise above partisan politics and applaud the government any governmentfor accomplishing such an achievement. Foreign Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, the Honourable Winston Dookeran, said in his speech at the opening of the Embassy, that such an achievement does not happen overnight. His predecessor laid the foundation for this particular occasion, but he (Dookeran) was fortunate to be the one who signed, sealed and delivered the deal. Foreign Minister Dookeran acknowledged the groundwork also done by the Opposition PNM when that party was in oce. This historic day was capped by the conferring of an Honorary Professorship on Prime Minister Kamla PersadBissessar by the China Agricultural University (CAU) the largest and most prestigious Agricultural University in China. The CAU also signed a MOU with The UWI which will allow that institute to help the St. Augustine campus develop 200 acres of land in Orange Grove, across from Trincity Mall, into a eld station and experimental farm. Principal Sankat has been a champion for the development of food production and agriculture as a means of solving the food security crisis in Trinidad and Tobago, and he and his counterparts at CAU see great promise in the collaboration being developed through this MOU. There are at least ve things that stick in my mind about this historic state visit to China. First was the dense hazardous gray smog in Beijing. While we were there the concentration of toxic small particles was at two dozen times the level considered safe. For four days, I could not see the Great Wall of China, the Olympic Village, the famous JP Morgan building, and any of the skyscrapers that famously outline the skies of Beijing. My throat and lungs suered as a consequence. Second was the hospitality of our Chinese hosts both in Wuhan and in Beijing. There was a sense that these folks are really serious about developing a long-lasting bond with their Trinidadian and Tobagonian counterparts. And we really liked the students at Wuhan University! Third was the eciency of the Chinese governments military police who cleared the heavy Beijing trac to make way for the Prime Minister and her entourage. It reminded me of that famous Sunday school story about Moses parting the Red Sea to get the children of Israel out of Egypt. Fourth was the opportunity to see the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, located close to Tiananmen Square. How many people ever get the chance to enter the meeting place of the National Peoples Congress, which seats over 10,000 representatives? Its carpeted State Banquet Hall with its galaxy of lights is a thing to behold. Fifth was the delightful music played on the pan by none other than the newly appointed TT Ambassador to China, H.E. Chandradath Singh (the father of Sharan Singh). Not only was His Excellency eloquent in his speech to open the Embassy, he was dexterous in his handling of the beautiful red steel pan that was left as a gift to the Chinese government. One never knows how relationships between asymmetric partners will turn out. Certainly it is quite possible that China will get more out of the deal than Trinidad and Tobago. But what a great experience to be a witness to history! W. Andy Knight is Director of the Institute of International Relations, The University of the West Indies and Professor of the University of Alberta, Canada. He is the author of several books and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. e highest political echelons of both Trinidad and Tobago and China oversee the signing of the MO U by Principal Sankat and CAU President Ke Binsheng e UWI team Principal Sankat, Professor Andy Knight and Sharan Singh with their Chinese hosts


10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 e World Cup. e O lympics. e adulation of the crowd for medalists and winners. Daryl loved watching those events. However, since boyhood his favorite sport was cricket. He and his father had spent many hours together over the years listening to commentary, watching matches on TV and at the Queens Park Oval. Somewhere between the heart-thrumming sound of the conch shell and the crowds rising in ecstatic jubilation as stumps ew through the air, Daryl realised he wanted to be a professional cricketer. He joined the coaching school of the local club and trained every free hour he had. He was lucky. He had talent and quickly gained the skills to be an exceptional bowler. e spin he put on a ball allowed it to slip past batters and shatter their chances of amassing runs for their team. at awesome right arm, his magical manipulation of the ball and the speed and power which he achieved in bowling helped him quickly catch the attention of the major players in the sport. At his rst selection Daryl surpassed the expectations of his teammates and silenced the naysayers. His star blazed to new heights as a highly successful international career developed. en during a desperate attempt to catch the ball at a high-pressure match he landed badly on his right shoulder. Everyone held their breath as he was taken o the eld. From that moment the pace of his sporting life slowed down. He had damaged his shoulder; surgery ensued. All went well and he entered rehabilitation. Daryl conscientiously followed his rehabilitation programme because he had so much invested in quickly returning to play. In good time he started training again. Functionally all seemed well, but somehow that unique skill wasnt there as it was before. Frustration. Questions. What was wrong if everything went so well? How might this loss of skill be explained? Could it be retrieved through more individualized rehabilitation and specic training? To answer these questions and others, clinicians, physiotherapists and coaches turn to researchers in the field of biomechanics in order to gain more in-depth understanding of how the human body moves in health or aer the treatment of injury or joint disorder. Why biomechanics? What does this subject involve? Biomechanics is a discipline that advances the objective understanding of how the human body responds, for instance, how much stress, acceleration and impact it can handle. is is achieved through the creative and substantial application of knowledge and experimental techniques in physics, engineering, biology and medicine. We enjoy looking at athletes like Daryl compete as they seek to achieve personal goals and break world records. e grace, speed, strength, uidity and skill of their movements are exciting and beautiful to observe. en injury occurs, resulting in loss of mobility and exibility, and depending on the degree of injury, disability and possible termination of a sporting career. The rehabilitation of the injured athlete is thus a major area of research in the field of biomechanics. Especially when the injured athlete displays joint dysfunction which normally results in pain and has a negative inuence on the range of motion (ROM) in a joint and important aspects of motor control like eye-hand coordination. Sporting activities are comprised of various types of movements. As such, visual assessment of athletes performances by professionals in sports-related elds oen involves describing movement in operational terms, such as positioning (the hand or foot moves from one particular position to another), continuous movements (those which require some adjustment of muscular control during the movement), manipulative movements (those which involve handling of sporting equipment particularly with the ngers or hands), repetitive movements (those in which the same movements are repeated like dribbling a ball) and sequential movements (relatively separate independent movements in a sequence). Visual assessment of complex three-dimensional body movements during sports or training is extremely dicult. It is highly subjective and primarily dependent on the expertise of the coach or health professional. For this reason assessment is more oen based on simple tests measuring the ROM of the affected joint. Such tests can be easily repeated over time to monitor an individuals movement capacity. However, these simple tests oen cannot accurately represent the functional capacity of a joint during training or play. Furthermore, it becomes almost impossible for even an experienced observer to follow changes in joint angles and to determine the degree to which an athlete may have introduced compensatory movements when impaired mobility or pain is present. Biomechanics uses modern devices and equipment to record and measure complex three-dimensional movements. e data so gathered then forms the input to mathematical models of the human body making it possible to extract quantitative parameters and develop analytical techniques for the objective description of movement. As Good as NewHow Biomechanics helps athletic performance and rehabilitation BY S YBELE W ILLIAMS Recent biomechanical research at the Department of Physics at e UWI in collaboration with the Department of Rehabilitation & Prevention Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering at the Helmholtz Institute in Aachen, Germany, investigated and compared the functional capacity of healthy, non-athletes with that of players on a professional handball team athletes involved in sports which make particular use of the upper extremities. Measurements were performed using a state-of-the-art three-dimensional motion analysis system. Such systems allow even complex movements of the body and limbs to be tracked and recorded during simulated sporting activities in a laboratory environment. Analysis of the results showed that the healthy nonathletes displayed an individual style of performing a task: a signature or characteristic movement pattern. Furthermore variations in movement patterns among these non-athletes made it possible to dene a characteristic movement pattern for the typical activities of daily living (ADL) such as pouring liquid from a jug. ese task-specic movement patterns make it possible to produce an objective reference for the rehabilitation of patients with joint injury or disorders. However, when the handball players were assessed, it was noted that their characteristic movement patterns for the ADLs were dierent. is seemed to arise from a combination of the athletes unique style of movement and the sport-specific demands of their training and has important ramications for how we dene healthy movements for athletes and assess the outcomes of their rehabilitation. Using the characteristic movement patterns of healthy, untrained matched subjects as references for athletes in rehabilitation may alter the athletes characteristic movement pattern and the performance of those skilled movements which initially gave the athlete a competitive edge. ese ndings are expected to have a valuable impact on evidence-based rehabilitation. Soon athletes such as Daryl could be rehabilitated with respect to their own characteristic movement patterns determined prior to injury improving the likelihood of retaining an athletes unique movement style. is is just one example of how research in biomechanics allows us to better understand the human body and make more informed assessments and recommendations to the benet of performance and rehabilitation in the sporting community.Dr Sybele Williams is a lecturer in the Department of Physics of the Faculty of Science and Technology at UWI St Augustine. She presented a version of this paper at the January conference, Science, Higher Education and Business: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Sports Studies, Research and Development. Jointly arranged by e UWI, First Citizens Sports Foundation and e Sports Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited, the conference was designed to initiate discourse on both the development of sports and the use of sport for development. RESEARC H


SUNDAY 30TH MARCH, 2014 UWI TODAY 11 UWI IS NVIDIA CUDA TEACHING CENTREDr A jay Joshi, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has a lot of which to be proud. Nvidia Corporation of the United States, considered the largest graphics chip and high performance computing hardware company, has renewed The UWI as a CUDA teaching centre for yet another year. CUDA is an anacronym for Compute Unied Device Architecture. It is a platform and language for Parallel Programming for high performance computing. Dr Joshi is also the Leader, Computer Systems Engineering Group and Principal Investigator for Nvidia CUDA Centre at UWI. According to him, The UWI was rst given the status of CUDA Teaching Centre in 2011. As a certified teaching centre, UWI has access to webinars for CUDA related programming from experts in various elds, to the CUDA Cloud Training Platform and to its technical team for support. Further information on his groups research can be found at www.rndrepository.com/padlab Just do it. at simple instruction means so much. It pushes me to overcome my fear. As someone in the marketing and communications eld, I am expected to be an extrovert, but my fear is how do I walk out of my space to make connections? You know that feeling. You enter a room full of people you dont know and you feel awkward and uncomfortable to approach anyone. Unfortunately in the world of work, networking has become a fundamental part of life and career longevity. Once you understand that it is really about developing mutually benecial relationships and not so much about making friends, you might be able to let go of some of the personal inhibitions. You dont have to be the life of the party or the typical extrovert. But if, like me, you want to move up the ladder of success, and if you share my insatiable desire to learn, then you have to make some compromises. For me, it means stepping out of my comfort zone to start a conversation that can go in any direction. It might inform me of a job opening or give me a contact that can possibly provide sponsorship for an upcoming project. It e Other Person in the Crowd BY R ENATA S ANKARJAIMUNGAL might just be a tip about how to remove the wine stain from your jacket. e challenge is to step out of your comfort zone. e UWI and Republic Bank World of Work programme helps with that. It focuses on outtting students with the right tools for the world of work. WOW took more than 100 students out of their comfort zone in the practical aspect of the Networking Workshop. is added element was a simulated cocktail reception where students tested their skills in managing a wine glass, conversation and an appetizer. e result was that there was a complete refrain from the wine glass and appetizer just to get it right. e feedback they received was that in the real world you need to relax, act normal and just ow. At the end of the session thats exactly what we saw, our students demonstrated a drive to just do it. to go out there, extend a handshake and start a conversation. In time, the leading strings will come o and theyll be doing it for real and nailing it!DR RICHARD ROBERTSON RECEIVES AWARD FOR EXCELLENCEDr R ichard R obertson, Director of UWIs Seismic Research Centre at St Augustine, has been honoured by the Anthony N. Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence in the category of Science & Technology. The Anthony N. Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence is the English-speaking Caribbeans leading recognition programme in Arts, Sciences, and Public and Civic Work. The goal of the Ansa Caribbean Awards for Excellence is to recognise signicant Caribbean achievement, to encourage and to support the pursuit of excellence by Caribbean people, for the benet of the region. Dr Robertson is a geologist and volcanologist whose work has been ground-breaking in the study of volcanoes and the geology of the region. A world expert, he is active in public education on the issue and has published academic books, and numerous refereed articles and book chapters. His interest in volcanology was inspired by his personal experience in 1979, when he and his family woke to the eruption of the Soufriere volcano, which displaced thousands of Vincentians. He subsequently studied geology at The UWI, volcanology at the University of Leeds in the UK (MPhil) and completed his PhD in geology at Mona, Jamaica. His PhD thesis (The Volcanic Geology of pre-Soufriere Rocks in St Vincent) and his volcanic hazards atlas are benchmarks in volcanology in the eastern Caribbean. Lecturer in French Dr James Bukari has the attention of some nal year students. PHOTO: ANEEL KARIMWOW took more than 100 students out of their comfort zone in the practical aspect of the Networking Workshop OUR CAMPUSN asser Khan, researcher and author of Shell Trinidad through the Years was in his glee: % of the material in this book for the period 1913-1974 came from e UWI Library!. He was especially jubilant because the Caribbean Advertising Federation (CAF) had announced the winners of the American Advertising Awards, formerly known as the ADDY Awards and his book published by Safari Publications Company Limited had grabbed a Silver ADDY award for Book Design (Entire Book). ere were a record 769 entries judged and were submitted by 45 dierent companies and organizations representing Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago, Jamaica, U.S. Virgin Islands, Curacao, Grand Cayman, Belize and St. Lucia. To show his appreciation for the immense support received, he presented a copy of the book to University Libarian Jennifer Joseph. Also present for the handover were Dr. Glenroy Taitt, Head West Indiana & Special Collection Division, Keeno Gonzales, Library Assistant, WISC Division, and Kathy Ragoobarsingh, Manager/Director, HR, Shell Trinidad Limited.(L-R) Dr. Glenroy T aitt, Keeno Gonzales, Jennifer Joseph, Kathy Ragoobarsingh and Nasser Khan. PHOTO: NASSER KHANK UD OS to e UWI LIB RA RY! Renata Sankar-Jaimungal is UWI Marketing & Communication Ocer


12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 e UWI Alumni Association, (T rinidad and T obago Chapter), has presented former CARICOM Secretary-General and current Ambassador to CARICOM, Sir Edwin Carrington with a Pelican Award, its highest peer award, for distinguished service to the Caribbean. e Pelican Award was rst conferred in Jamaica in 1967 and Sir Edwin is the rst to receive this award from e UWI Alumni. On its 25th anniversary, the Alumni Association honoured 24 graduates of the St. Augustine, Mona and Cave Hill Campuses, all of whom are leading professionals and personalities. Pro Vice-Chancellor and Campus Principal Professor Clement Sankat congratulated the Alumni Association on its milestone year. He referred to Sir Edwin as representative of the very best of UWI graduates a great leader, statesman, regionalist and exemplar. All awardees, he said, had distinguished themselves and their Alma Mater through their contribution to their profession and to the development of the country and region. He quoted ViceChancellor, Professor E. Nigel Harris, who had once noted that if our Universitys 90,000 graduates were to stop working for a single day, Prime Ministerial oces in several Caribbean countries would close, half the Cabinet and government oces in all 17 English-speaking contributing countries would cease operation. Pelican Awardee Sir Edwin Carrington averred that e UWI Alumni are known to hold positions of leadership, inuence and prominence. He expressed his honour to have been chosen for the prestigious award. He encouraged awardees to productively engage in their Alma Mater in four ways through the donation of funds and resources to e UWI; by being marketers for the University; by being seen as role models for e UWIs current and prospective students; and by forming an umbilical link between e UWI and its graduates to be excellent examples in society. He invited the Distinguished Alumni Awardees to join him in a solemn undertaking to improve their contribution and make a worthwhile investment over the next three years in all four ways to e UWI.Distinguished AwardeesPelican Awardee: SIR EDWIN CARRINGTON is the holder of a Bachelors Degree in Economics from London University, a Masters Degree in Economics from e UWI and pursued further advanced studies in Economics at McGill University in Canada. He is also the recipient of Honorary Degrees. He was the longest serving Secretary-General of CARICOM, holding that position from August 1992 to December 2010. He was knighted through the Government of Antigua and Barbuda. DR. SHANGO ALAMU attained a BSc in Agriculture in 1974 and a doctoral degree in Tropical agriculture in 1979 from e UWI and has been a practicing farmer for the past 30 years. As a research fellow in e UWI Department of Crop Physiology, he was the rst scientist to unearth the methodology of promoting owering in Aroids, a strategy that is currently utilized internationally in developing this family of plants through hybridisation. He is the Managing Director of Agronomics Inc and has done considerable work on the conservation and preservation of the environment particularly in the Caura Valley. MR. GERRY BROOKS is Group Chief Operating Ocer of the ANSA McAl Group, and graduated with a Bachelor of Laws Degree from e UWI in 1982. He pursued his LEC and was called to the Bar in 1984. He is also the holder of an MBA from Columbia University. MR. IAN CHINAPOO was appointed Executive Director of the Trinidad and Tobago Unit Trust Corporation, one of the countrys largest nancial institutions with over 500,000 unit holders. He took up the post in 2013 and is responsible for the development and implementation of strategic initiatives at the Corporation. Ian holds a BSc in Accounting with First Class Honours from e UWI. He is a graduate of the Executive Leadership Programme from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. DR. VICTOR COOMBS studied Medicine at e UWI, Mona Campus, and holds a Master in Business Administration and an MSc in Emergency Medicine from the St. Augustine Campus. His professional career had its birth, growth and maturation in Trinidad & Tobagos energy sector where he worked for 30 years, 21 of which as Chief Medical Ocer. DR. NAOLA FERGUSON-NOEL completed her Doctor of Veterinary Medicine at e UWI in 1996, and later attended the University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine where she completed her Masters of Avian Medicine as well as a PhD in Medical Microbiology. She is currently an Associate Professor at the Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center (PDRC) at the University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine. MRS. ANNA-MARIA GARCIA-BROOKS graduated from the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business (formerly e UWI Institute of Business) with a Master in Business Administration in 2005. She is also a winner of the Pro Vice-Chancellors Prize for General Prociency. Mrs. Garca-Brooks has been the General Manager, Group Marketing and Communications with Republic Bank Limited since 2006 and leads the banks strategic marketing and communications function in the Caribbean region. MR. KHALID M. HASSANALI graduated with a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from e UWI, in 1974, and is currently the President/ CEO of Petrotrin Trinidad and Tobago. He has more than 38 years experience in the local energy and industrial development sector, and has proven experience and competence in numerous elds, including a prociency in cost and eciency improvement, organisational transformation and business development, among many others. DR. FLOYD HOMER holds a PhD in Forest Ecology from e UWI, St. Augustine. In the last 23 years, he has led international and national programmes related to forest, wetlands and coral reef conservation. He has also contributed to strengthening the capacities of government agencies and NGOs in 18 countries in the Caribbean to manage their natural resources. Dr Homer has worked with several international organisations, including the United Nations Development Programme and the World Wildlife Fund, UK. MRS. MARY KWAILAN LA BORDE is the author of Wind, Sea and Faith, a book on her own life. In 1960, she sailed with her husband Harold La Borde across the Atlantic Ocean, and from 1969-1973, sailed with Harold and son Pierre, around the world. She and her husband were each awarded the Trinity Cross for their sailing endeavours. Mrs La Borde holds a BA in Modern Languages (French and Spanish) from e UWI. MS. ALISON LEWIS holds a Bachelor of Science in Economics and Management from e UWI, St. Augustine. She is currently the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, and has served on numerous organisational boards and committees. She assisted in establishing a rotation system for the Oces of the Executive Directors in the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and in the structuring of the Trinidad & Tobago Heritage and Stabilisation Fund which was established as a sustainable investing approach to volatile energy revenues.Pelican Award forSI R E DWI N CA RR I NGTON OUR CAMPUS Professor Clement Sankat (le) and President, UWI Alumni Association, T&T Chapter (right) present the Pelican Award to Sir Edwin Carrington.


SUNDAY 30TH MARCH, 2014 UWI TODAY 13 MRS. SUNITY MAHARAJ is currently the Director of the Lloyd Best Institute of the West Indies. She is also the Managing Director of Caribbean Newsroom Limited, her own media production and consulting company. She has had a healthy career in journalism and media, which includes her introduction of several print and television initiatives. Mrs Maharaj holds a BA (Hons) in Communication and Social Science, from The UWI, Mona Campus. MR. HANNIBAL NAJJAR is Director of Coaches and Head Coach (Soccer), Mid-Continent University, Mayeld, KY, USA, as well as a management and coaching consultant. Mr Najjar has had a career of 36 years of sports administration and consulting, coaching, teaching/learning, leadership and has established successful individual sports and entire athletic programs. He holds a BSc in Management Studies from e UWI, three Masters degrees, a BEd, an MPhil, and Middle School Teachers Certication. DR. SHELTON NICHOLS earned BSc and MSc degrees in Economics from e UWI, St. Augustine, before completing a PhD in Economics in 1995 at the University of London. Among several positions held, Dr Nichols served as lecturer in the Department of Economics at e UWI, St. Augustine, as Executive Director of the Caribbean Centre for Monetary Studies (CCMS, now the CCMF), as Deputy Governor, Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago and as a Commissioner on the Board of the Trinidad and Tobago Securities and Exchange Commission. DR. CARLA NOEL-MENDEZ completed a BSc (Hons) in Management/Sociology at e UWI St. Augustine in 1990. Aer a brief stint in the public sector, Dr Noel-Mendez won a Rhodes scholarship to study at Oxford University, where she completed a PhD in management. Prior to her current position as Director of External Aairs at BHP Billiton Trinidad and Tobago, she worked at Procter and Gamble in Puerto Rico and as Trinidad and Tobagos Director of Tourism. DR. CHARLES E. PERCY, who is Managing Director of Methanex Trinidad Limited, has had a distinguished career spanning more than 32 years in the petrochemical and oil and gas industries in Trinidad and Tobago. e holder of a BSc in Electrical Engineering from The UWI as well as an Executive Masters of Business Administration from the UWI Institute of Business, now the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business, Dr Percy was a UWI Distinguished Alumni Award nominee in 2010. PROFESSSOR DAN RAMDATH holds MSc and PhD degrees in Nutrition from e UWI. He is an internationally recognized clinical research scientist who has excelled in the production of credible research to inuence health policy, and in building capacity among healthcare practitioners and community groups, to promote better health outcomes of people in the Caribbean. DR. RONALD RAMKISSOON studied Economics at e UWI, St. Augustine, obtaining BSc, MSc and PhD degrees in the subject. Before joining Republic Bank in 1992, he was employed by the Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago for 12 years as an economist in the Research Department. Up until November 25, 2013, he was Republic Banks Senior Economist and Manager of its Economic Intelligence Unit. Dr Ramkissoon is also a member of several business and professional bodies. MR. ROBERT RILEY is the Head of Safety and Operational Risk, Competency and Capability Development at the BP Group in London, and previously served as the Chief Executive Ocer of BP Trinidad & Tobago LLC and as its Business Unit Leader and Vice President of Law and Government Aairs. Mr Riley is an attorneyat-law, and a graduate of e UWI with degrees in Agriculture and Law. He was awarded the Chaconia Gold medal (National Award) for his contribution to national economic development in Trinidad & Tobago in 2003. MS. KIZZIE RUIZ has had a relatively long and distinguished music career. Having successfully transitioned from the ranks of Junior Calypso Competitions, she is now considered one of the most compelling exponents of the calypso art form. Her successes culminated in her being appointed a cultural ambassador for Trinidad and Tobago. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in History and Communication Studies and is currently pursuing her Masters in Strategic Leadership and Management. MS. DANA SEETAHAL, S.C. is an attorney-at-law with over 30 years experience. She received a Bachelor of Laws (Honours) degree from e UWI in 1977 and was later awarded the Legal Professional Certicate from aliate the Hugh Wooding Law School. A Fulbright scholar, she has also been a United Nations Human Rights Fellow and a Commonwealth Foundation Fellow. Ms Seetahal has acted as a criminal justice consultant to governments across the region and various international bodies. MRS. TONI SIRJU-RAMNARINE has 20 years of experience in the oil and gas industry, and currently holds the position of VicePresident, Corporate Operations at the Atlantic LNG Company of Trinidad and Tobago. Prior to this, she was the Head of Sustainability and Corporate Communications. She holds a BSc in Chemical Engineering from e UWI and an MSc in International Management from Kings College, London. MS. DAWN THOMAS holds a BSc in Industrial Engineering (Hons) degree from e UWI St. Augustine and has completed the Executive Development Programme at the Richard Ivey Business School, University of Western Ontario, Canada. She is currently Group Chief Executive Ocer of One Caribbean Media Limited, a post which she held at Caribbean Communications Network Limited. She was also CEO of Tracmac Engineering Limited and has served on many regional and international boards and committees. Ms. omas is a member of the Association of Professional Engineers of Trinidad and Tobago. OUR CAMPUSMRS. GISELLE PINARD-THOMPSON graduated from The UWI in 1997 with a BSc (Hons) in Management Studies. She started her professional career at GlaxoSmithKline in 1997 as the Marketing Executive for their over the counter (OTC) range of products. In 2013, Mrs. Pinard-ompson was appointed VicePresident Corporate Operations of bpTT where, in addition to her Communications and External Aairs accountabilities, she now leads Compliance and Ethics, Facilities and Management Services and Regional Risk Integration. MR. RUBADIRI VICTOR is President of the Artists Coalition of Trinidad and Tobago. A multi-media artist/scholar and activist, he is uniquely networked amongst generations of creative practitioners in all elds in Trinidad and Tobago. In 2013, he was appointed an adviser to Minister of e Arts and Multiculturalism Lincoln Douglas. He has an Upper Second Class Degree in English Literature from the St Augustine Campus. B ACK RO W, L-R: Dr. Carla N oelMendez, Khalid Hassanali, Rubadiri Victor, Dr. Victor Coombs, Dr. Ronald Ramkissoon, Ian Chinapoo, Sir Edwin Carrington (Pelican Awardee), Charles P ercy, Dr. Shelton Nichols, Gerry Brooks, Ewart Williams (Chairman, Campus Council), Professor Dan Ramdath, Cheridan Woodrue (President, UWI Alumni Association T&T Chapter), Alison Lewis, Hannibal Najjar. FRONT RO W, L-R: Dawn omas, Toni Sirju-Ramnarine, Dr. Naola Ferguson Noel (representative), Dana Seetahal, S.C., M ary Kwailan La Borde, Kizzie Ruiz, Anna-Maria Garcia-Brooks, e Honourable Chief Justice, Mr. Justice Ivor Archie, Principal Clement Sankat, Giselle Pinard-ompson, Sunity Maharaj, Dr. Floyd Homer. PHOTO: ANEEL KARIM About The UWI A lumni A ssociation(Trinidad and Tobago Chapter)The University of the West Indies Alumni Association was established under the Universitys charter, from which it derives its authority. The UWI Alumni Association Trinidad and Tobago Chapter (UWIAATT) was re-established in November 1988 and serves as the representative body of the more than 40,000 UWI Alumni based in Trinidad and Tobago. From politics to business, science, education and the arts, in both the public and private sectors, UWI Alumni hold positions of leadership, inuence or prominence. In the past 25 years the UWIAATT has epitomised its motto we give something back to the UWI through the contribution of nancial and human resources to the UWI via its St Augustine Campus. The originator of the highly successful World of Work series for students, the UWIAATT has from inception provided 5 annual bursaries to needy students and over the past 18 years, has provided mentorship and guidance to more than 4,000 students at the St Augustine Campus.


14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 OUR CAMPUS One Health can be defined as the collaborative eorts of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals and the environment. In simple terms, experts in dierent scientic disciplines working together to address major health issues much easier said than done. The UWIs Faculty of Medical Sciences (FMS) was founded on the One Medicine concept, which recognises the interdependence of the medical sciences. One Health goes a step further and includes the environment in this unarguable interdependence. The School of Veterinary Medicine (SVM) is currently advocating the One Health concept, realising that veterinarians play a critical role in this new and globally accepted concept and, along with its parent faculty (FMS), is actively seeking to change the way we address some of the major health problems facing Trinidad and Tobago and the Caribbean region. Recently, the European Commission (EC) approved an SVM-led project which partners with international organisations such as the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), as well as Caribbean governments, to roll out this One Health approach across the region. This should sow the seeds of One Health across the region, enabling the sharing of expertise and resources among Caribbean countries. Improved capacity and capability would allow for better preparation and response to outbreaks of infectious diseases in both humans and animals in future years. The benets are obvious. Most Caribbean islands and territories are small, resource-limited and have little capacity to respond to human, animal, zoonotic, aquatic and plant disease outbreaks. This lack of capacity, combined with the high burden of human, animal and plant infectious diseases, clearly point towards the relevance of pursuing a One Health approach involving close collaboration and sharing of resources between sectors both within and among island states. The threat to people, wildlife and domestic animals across the world is increasing as environmental climate change, human population growth, free movement of animals and humans and changing land use cause new and old pathogens to emerge and spread. Human health is intimately connected to and dependent on healthy animals and a healthy environment. Each cannot be treated in isolation. A One Health approach to the management of infectious diseases will improve chances of both controlling and preventing their spread and, in the process, will minimize the social, economic and environmental impact. The growth of the global population and climate change will make this approach even more of an imperative. Mosquito transmitted viruses cause some of the most signicant diseases known to both animals and humans. Dengue fever, together with associated dengue haemorrhagic fever, is the worlds fastest growing vectorborne disease. Add into the mix, the emergence of the Chikungunya virus for the rst time within the Caribbean. This virus is currently spreading from island to island in the Caribbean and has recently been conrmed to be present for the rst time in South America (French Guyana). The speed of spread of this mosquito-transmitted virus is extremely alarming and it is only a matter to time before we see this extremely debilitating virus infecting people in Trinidad and Tobago. Ecient management, prevention and control of mosquito transmitted viruses, such as the Chikungunya virus, require a multidisciplinary One Health approach. First o, a rapid and timely diagnosis of the causative agent is required in the aected species (humans, animals and/or wildlife). A detailed understanding of the disease in each host species, knowledge of the drivers of transmission and knowledge of the social and economic impacts of the disease on the aected communities and populations (human/animal) is required. Such a One Health disease management approach would require input from medical and veterinary clinicians, diagnosticians, wildlife experts, entomologists (mosquito experts), ecologists, urban planners, social scientists, economists, policymakers and the pharmaceutical industry. Information gained from a multidisciplinary approach could then be used to develop a disease action plan which would rapidly identify and control the disease in question with minimum social, economic and environmental impact. Many of the most threatening mosquito transmitted diseases are prevalent in developing countries, where financial and technological hurdles persist, making diagnosis and control extremely challenging. These diseases are not going away. They will continue to pose a signicant threat to human and animal populations within the Caribbean in the years to come. Our best recourse is One Health.One Health Working together to solve major health problems facing the CaribbeanBY D R C HRISTOPHER O URADr Christopher Oura is a Professor in Veterinary Virology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences Dr. Derek G ay Senior Lecturer of the Faculty of Engineering, has been appointed to the National Environmental Assessment Task Force (NEATF). Dr Gays appointment, the eleventh, completes the local arm of the NEATF. e National Environmental Assessment Task Force was established to oversee all activities necessary to address the environmental impacts of the oil spills at the Petroleum Company of Trinidad and Tobago (PETROTRIN) aecting the coastline of the South West Peninsula of Trinidad and Tobago. Other members of the Task Force are Dr. Allan Bachan Chairman, Environment Management Authority; Professor Indar Ramnarine Chairman, Institute of Marine Aairs; Christine Chan A Singh Director of Fisheries, Ministry of Food Production; Dr. Rahanna Juman Institute of Marine Aairs (Wetlands Ecology); Dr. Darryl Banjoo Institute of Marine Aairs (Marine Chemistry); Professor John AgardUniversity of the West Indies (Pollution and Environmental Control); Neal Alleyne Head, Petroleum Engineering, University of Trinidad and Tobago; Nigel Darwent Deputy Chairman, Trinidad and Tobago Petroleum Company Limited; Jalaludin Khan Member of the Council, National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago; and Dr. Akenath Misir Principal Medical Officer, Environmental Health, Ministry of Health.Dr. Derek Gay is presented with his letter of appointment to the NEATF by Senator the Honourable Ganga Singh, Minister of the Environment and Water Resources. PHOTO: www.facebook.com/news.gov.tt/photos Dr. Derek G ay on N ational Environmental Assessment Task Force


16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30th MARCH, 2014 UWI CALENDAR of E VENTSMARCH 2014UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. UWI TODAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. Please send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu REVENUE REPORTING VISUAL AR TS AND SHORT FILM COMPETITION 2014 Deadline: March 31 e Trade and Economics Development Unit of the Department of Economics hosts a Visual Arts and Short Film Competition as part of a conference titled Creating a Culture of Transparency: Revenue Reporting. $85,000 in prizes to be won. Students enrolled in a recognised programme by April 30, 2014, living or studying in Trinidad and Tobago, between the ages of 15-30 years, are invited to put their talents on display For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar TEN April 12-13 2014 National Academy for the Performing Arts (NAPA) Celebrate the 10th anniversary of UWI Steel, UWI Percussion and MustComeSee Productions! Together with e UWI Arts Chorale, they will be staging TEN, a two-night concert at NAPA. Tickets are $125 per night, and $200 for weekend passes. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar MUSIC OF THE DIASPORA April 19 2014 Daaga Auditorium e Department of Creative and Festival Arts hosts one of its annual student concerts, Music of the Diaspora on Saturday, April 19 at 7pm. Music of the Diaspora will feature performances from e UWI Indian Classical Ensemble and Intermediate Pan Ensemble, which comprise students pursuing a BA in Musical Arts and a Certicate in Music. Tickets are available at the DCFA. For further information, please contact DCFA at 662-2002 ext. 82510 /83622 SOLE T O SOLE DCFA DANCE UNIT PRODUCTION April 26-27 2014 Little Carib Theatre e Dance Unit at the Department of Creative and Festival Arts presents Sole to Sole at the Little Carib eatre, Woodbrook, Port-of-Spain. This unique production will feature original choreography with performances by the DCFA Dance Certicate students and many others. Nightly performances will begin at 8pm on Saturday 26 and at 6pm on Sunday April 28. Tickets are available at the DCFA, Agostini Street, St. Augustine. For further information, please contact DCFA at 663-2222, 662-2002 ext. 82510 SECOND CONFERENCE ON HIGHER EDUC ATI ON IN THE CARIBBEAN (II CC HE) May 8 9, 2014 Regional Headquarters of The UWI, Kingston, Jamaica e conference will bring together presenters, facilitators and expert discussants from across the wider Caribbean and internationally to consider Best Practices in Higher Education: e Way Forward for the Caribbean. For further information, kindly contact lacc@uwimona.edu.jm ONE HEALTH WOR KSHOP: C ONSER VATI ON OF Aquatic Ecosystems June 24-25 2014 Amphitheatre B, Faculty of Medical Sciences is is the rst of a series of annual workshops held at the FMS, informing participants of the many areas in which a One Health focus is the best approach to problem solving. One Health Workshop: Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems takes place from 7.45am-5pm daily, at Amphitheatre B, FMS, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex. Registration is US$100. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar COLERE T O KULTUR: UWI GUITAR ENSEMBLE IN CONCERT April 12 2014 UWI St. Augustine The UWI Guitar Ensemble hosts their annual concert, Colere to Kultur at the CLL Auditorium on Saturday April 12, 2013. e show begins at 6pm and admission is free. For further information, please contact Michelle Wellington at 663-2141, Michelle.Wellington@sta.uwi.edu; or Joseph Drayton at 645-1955, Joseph.Drayton@sta.uwi.edu SAME KHAKI PANTS April 3-13 2014 LRC Auditorium, Little Carib Theatre Theatre Arts students of the Department of Creative & Festival Arts put on Dr Efebo Wilkinsons award-winning play, Same Khaki Pants, April 3-6, at the Learning Resource Centre Auditorium, UWI St. Augustine Campus, and April 10-13, at the Little Carib Theatre, Woodbrook, Port-of-Spain. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar 3RD CA RIBBEAN BUSINESS EXECUTIVES SEMINAR April 4 2014 Hyatt Regency, Port-of-Spain e Caribbean Centre for Money and Finances 3rd Caribbean Business Executives Seminar focuses on Venture Capital Financing in the Caribbean: Its Relevance for the Economic Transformation Agenda. Conference registration costs US$400/person, and is payable in cash, bank dra and certied cheque. For further information, please visit www.ccmf-uwi.org; email: Kathleen.charles@sta.uwi.edu or ccmf@sta.uwi.edu; call 645-1174 or 662-2002 ext 82544UWI TO DA Y WA NT S TO HE A R F ROM YO U