Title: UWI today
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094180/00022
 Material Information
Title: UWI today
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Publication Date: July 25, 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094180
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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When Oil

and Water


When the explosion occurred at BP's Deepwater
Horizon drilling rig on April 20, 2010, unfortunately
killing 11 platform workers, injuring 17 others and
triggering an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM),
no one could have imagined its impact.
Now recognized as one of the worst spills in
history, estimates from US scientists suggest that
approximately 160-380 million litres (between 42 to

100 million gallons) of oil have already entered the
Two of our scientists, Dr Judith Gobin and Dr
Azad Mohammed try to assess the impact of the oil
spill on eco-systems, and offer some reassurance to
the Caribbean.
"The impacts of this disaster are compounded by
the sheer size and scope of it. The picture is indeed

grim, not only for the Gulf ofMexico's environment and
proximal areas-their coastal and marine ecosystems-
but for the cascading effects, and ultimately on human
beings in terms of loss of livelihoods and severely
affecting the tourism industry. The longer-term socio-
economic impacts are therefore expected to be severe,"
they say in their review on Pages 8&9.

A Shake Up Call
* Earthquake Consultation

* 4 Prizes for UWI Today

1960 -2010






Professor Jonas Addae, Head of the Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences,
delivered remarks at The University of the West Indies (UWI) Staff Consultation Forum in support
of candidacy for institutional accreditation, held at the Learning Resource Centre on July 6th, 2010.

Just over a year ago, the St. Augustine Campus of The UWI welcomed a team
from the Accreditation Council of Trinidad and Tobago (ACTT) headed
by the Ag. Executive Director, Mr. Michael Bradshaw, for an orientation
session on the Accreditation and Self Study process.
It was part of an exercise towards preparing for institutional accreditation,
a process led by the Self-Study Steering Committee, and supported by six
working groups whose efforts, rich discussion and debates have provided
the substance of the Self-Study Report that has now emerged.
This Self-Study Report is a product of the campus community's embrace
of institutional accreditation as an opportunity for reflection and deeper
institutional understanding. The framework within which this introspection
has been carried out is the University's 2007-2012 Strategic Plan. The campus
community deliberated over the accreditation criteria and standards for a
year. Members of the six working groups debated issues and drew on the
documentation of a variety of institutional regulations, systems, policies and
practices. The intention of all contributors to the process that has shaped
this product is that it must now serve as a living document illuminating
the path as the institution continues to grow and develop. Each step along
this path must be deliberate, designed with the architecture of continuous
improvement and with the goal of excellence in view.
As part of the consultation, external stakeholders of The UWI were
invited to read and comment on the Report and many insightful observations
and suggestions were made.
With presentations from each of the six working groups prefacing each
bout of questions, it was a very lively session. A staff consultation also
contributed enormously to the process.
Producing the Self-Study Report was a complex exercise, but one
that yielded so much value that all involved agree that continuous self-
examination is the way towards staying on the cutting edge of excellence.

Dr Sandra Gift, Senior
Programme Officer,
Quality Assurance
Unit, The University of
the West Indies (UWI),
St Augustine Campus,
delivered remarks on
Commitment to Con-
tinuous Improvementat
the UWI StaffConsulta-
tion Forum in support
of candidacy for insti-
tutional accreditation,
held at the Learning
Resource Centre on July
,- .. 6th, 2010.

A Flood of Initiatives

One of the perennial challenges facing the country,
particularly during the rainy season, is flooding. Its
impact has been felt at all levels, from the inconvenience
of flooded streets and traffic congestion to the damage to
homes and crops and the destruction of infrastructure
and roadways through landslides. The attendant losses
and hardships carry an enormous economic cost, quite
apart from the emotional distress to the affected families
and communities.
At the St. Augustine Campus, we have been supporting
initiatives that can address some of the flooding factors.
These include training engineers and environmental
scientists, conducting research and establishing formal
links with relevant governmental agencies.
At the graduate level, for instance, the Department of Civil and Environmental
Engineering is currently expanding its offerings in water management. A new M.Sc. in
Water and Wastewater Services Management will deliver courses applying hydrologic
models for flood mapping and designing a network for measuring and monitoring rainfall
and streamflow. Several ongoing research projects are assessing links between land use
and flood risk. This is particularly important as it pertains to land zoning and watershed
management, construction methods and emergency response planning.
Issues surrounding quarrying have been of great concern as activities associated
with it affect the environment because of heavy discharges of sediment loads into streams
and rivers. When these sediments are deposited, they significantly reduce waterways,
making them unable to contain river flows within their banks. The UWI St. Augustine
has been involved in two major studies seeking to quantify sediment amounts so that
proper mitigation strategies can be employed. Another major concern has been the issue
of solid waste disposal in our rivers and its effect on the free flow of water.
Currently being reviewed is a proposal to use remote-sensing data to support flood
risk assessment. This proposal details how the collection of data will support flood
inundation modelling studies in Trinidad and Tobago. Our Campus, in particular the
southern side, has been susceptible to flooding in recent years and we are working with
the Tunapuna/Piarco Regional Corporation and our Member of Parliament for the area
to treat this issue.
The Campus stands ready to assist national efforts to solve flooding problems. We
signed an MOU with the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA), and have been working
closely with the Water Resources Agency (WRA), which is responsible for hydrologic data
in our country, on building flood mitigation capability. We are also currently working
with the Ministry of Works and Transport to reduce nationwide flooding.
The Campus' research and technical expertise are central to the effective execution of
initiatives by public and private sector agencies. We will continue to provide intellectual
leadership and service in the area of research and innovation, as our contribution to
advancing the national and regional development agenda.

Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal


Professor Clement Sankat

Mrs. Dawn Marie De Four-Gill

Ms. Vaneisa Baksh

The UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu




Consultation delivers an earthquake action plan

The location and geologic setting of Trinidad and Tobago
make it susceptible to earthquakes. Most of the previous
earthquakes which could have caused significant damage
have been centered in a number of zones offshore.
Increased vulnerability and our understanding of the
seismo-tectonics of the south-eastern Caribbean indicate
that the earthquake threat is very significant within the
21st century. (The UWI recently collaborated with the
European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake
Engineering (EUCENTRE) to produce new seismic hazard
maps for the Eastern Caribbean.)
As the country increases its building stock, population
and infrastructure will become exposed to the seismic
risk. Implementing mitigation measures and reducing
vulnerability are the most effective mechanisms to reduce
the potentially devastating impact of future strong and major
earthquakes. Measures such as the application of building
codes and land use policies are most effective when applied
at the planning and design stages of projects. In order to
reduce the potential impact of the next large magnitude
earthquake that could affect Trinidad and Tobago a
comprehensive strategy needs to be determined.
The UWI Seismic Research Centre and the Office of
Disaster Preparedness and Management (ODPM) held
a two-day national consultation, 1,,, iiq,.l ,. Safety in
Trinidad and Tobago A call for action!" in early July to
identify measures to improve earthquake safety.
Out of just over a dozen presentations on related
themes-some identifying vulnerable areas as south-west
of Tobago, Toco and Chaguaramas, and that the Central
Plain Fault maybe locked and could experience a significant
magnitude earthquake-discussions identified several
deficiencies in the country's state of preparedness and
proposed ways to address them.

At the organisational and administrative level, flaws
were found in the design approval process regarding
construction of buildings, as well as in the regulation and
monitoring of construction.
Since builders and contractors are not licensed, no
mechanisms exist to ascertain their competencies or
knowledge in earthquake risk reduction techniques.
The registration process for engineers needs
Data collection on risk assessment and management is
inconsistent. No database on building structures exists.
National disaster legislation does not exist, and there
is no active public education programme.

Discussions took place at regular intervals between
presentations and at the end, several recommendations
were made by participants and a way forward proposed.
The following outlines those proposals.

Dr. Richard Robertson, Director Seismic Research Centre

1. A National Earthquake Stakeholder Organization
(NESO) should be set up with a Steering Committee
to take the work forward. The NESO should be a
public-private partnership to which any individual or
organisation can belong.
2. The Government should be apprised ofrecommendations
made with respect to Earthquake Risk Reduction.
3. A series of workshops/meetings will undertake to
establish work groups and define a work programme,
designate an operational base, and develop a business
4. Specific actions identified by Consultation
i. Publish a National Building Code and enact
legislation to govern its use
ii. Make the Small Building Code freely available to all
builders (one presenter, Richard Clarke, provided
a link for builders that he called a free, how-to-
manual at http://ideascaribbean.com/hurri/)
iii. Organise earthquake risk reduction training for
engineers, disaster management professions,
building inspectors and builders.
iv. Assess the state of critical facilities with respect
to susceptibility to earthquake and determine the
needs for retrofitting.
v. Undertake economic impact analysis of
earthquake risk reduction and analyze the financial
requirements for preventative action.
vi. Analyze the organisational capacity of regulatory
and monitoring agencies to undertake the tasks

vii. Develop risk management financial solutions
for property owners (driven by the insurance
viii. Employ engineers with experience in Earthquake
Resistant Design in the Regional Corporations and
City Councils.
ix. Establish clear guidelines for the construction of
buildings in Trinidad and Tobago.

i. Draft and enact national disaster legislation.
ii. Access the quality of all building stock and
determine the needs and costs for retrofitting.
iii. Undertake comprehensive rehabilitation of critical
facilities and infrastructure and implement other
required solutions for total national resilience to
optimal levels.
iv. Undertake public awareness programmes designed
to obtain a mindset/culture change with respect to
natural hazard mitigation.
v. Establish a budget for preventative action.
vi. Undertake scientific quantitative regional loss
vii. Review the existing system for the registration of
Engineers (including Structural Engineers).
viii. Review and improve the approval process for
building design and construction.
ix. Establish a mechanism for the licensing of
x. Instrument the Central Plain Fault.
xi. Promote and undertake engineering research on
unique forms of local construction.
xii. Establish clear procedures for the registration
of foreign engineers working in Trinidad and
xiii. Arrange for ongoing training and professional
development of staff of the regulatory approval

From left, Mr. Lloyd Lynch, Instrumentation Engineer SRC, and Dr.
Myron Chin Former Director of NEMA (now ODPM) and Former
lecturer Dept of Civil Engineering UWI, at the national consultation.



By Heather Gallimore, Course coordinator

The Caribbean Child Development Centre (CCDC) of the
Consortium for Social Development and Research at The
University of the West Indies Open Campus, has recently
developed and delivered the pilot multidisciplinary Child
Rights & Responsibilities Course. This specially-designed
course is for professionals working with or on behalf of
The 21-year-old United Nations (UN) Convention
on the Rights of the Child (CRC) includes binding
obligations which need to be understood by those who
bear responsibility for children. As well, children need to
understand their rights, and the numerous responsibilities
of both children and adults associated with each entitlement.
The cultivation of positive behaviours, values and attitudes
in our youngest citizens begins with respecting each child's

rights, throughout childhood (birth to 18 years). Children's
rights, and associated responsibilities, therefore, must be
clearly understood by civil society if they are to be respected
and upheld.
Implementation of the CRC requires the provision
of education, training and awareness-raising to engage
all sectors of society, including children themselves. This
process of capacity-building requires focus at the individual,
organisational and societal levels. In the absence of sustained
and continuous capacity-building opportunities, the
CCDC has embarked on a child rights education project
with funding from UNICEF. This project will place heavy
emphasis on competence-building and organisational
During the 2009 first phase of the CCDC's child



rights education project, training was provided to 42
professionals, including social workers, medical social
workers, police officers, community development officers,
case managers, children's officers and managers of Jamaica's
Child Development Agency (CDA). Phase Two of the
project will run until 2011 and will provide training to
an additional 20 police officers from the Centre for the
Investigation of Sexual Offenses and Child Abuse and Police
Academy (CISOCA), 20 juvenile corrections personnel
(including officers, teachers, case managers and trainers),
and 20 Ministry of Education guidance officers and deans
of discipline who will participate in a new Training of Child
Rights Trainers Course (TOT). Phase Two also includes an
impact assessment of this new course on learners and their
The 40-hour Child Rights and Responsibilities Course
goes beyond sensitising learners to the rights of the child.
It also presents critical knowledge, tools and techniques to
course participants who are required to effectively uphold
and advocate child rights.
The CCDC plans to eventually offer a Child Rights
Programme, with different courses and activities, for
professionals, UWI students and paraprofessionals.

For further information,
please contact Heather Gallimore,
Child Rights Associate, at:

Consortium for Social Development and Research
The University of the West Indies,
Open Campus (Jamaica)
T: (876) 970-0413; (876) 970-0413; (876) 927-1618
F: (876) 977-7433.
Email: heather.gallimore@open.uwi.edu
Website: www.open.uwi.edu/ccdc

The group of social workers who participated in Phase One, share a moment with trainers at the end of the course.



Reading, Information

Literacy and Leadership

By Dr Susan Herbert

During the 2009/2010 academic year, the School of
Education (SOE) launched three new and exciting
projects on behalf of the Ministry of Education. Two of
these projects, a Master's in Education in Reading and
The Certificate in Education for School Librarians, were
awarded to SOE under the aegis of the Secondary Education
Modernization Programme Coordinating Unit (SEMPCU)
and the third project, a three-year Training Programme
and Professional Development and Support Initiatives for
Secondary School Principals, was awarded directly by the
Ministry of Education.
Addressing some of the burning issues in Education-
reading, information literacy and school leadership-the
programmes were designed and developed specifically for
the local environment and are being delivered by staff from
the SOE.

Started in August 2009 with 90 secondary school
teachers, the two-year Master's in Reading programme
focuses on literacy, particularly relevant amidst concerns
about the levels of literacy among the student and adult

Included among the expected outcomes of the Master's in
Reading programme are that participants should be able to:
* Demonstrate a sound understanding of the various
instructional approaches to reading
* Organise creative and effective learning
* Design and apply strategies to improve the reading
performance of secondary school students including
students with mild to moderate disabilities
* Apply different models of learning and teaching to
design effective learning environments and experiences
to facilitate the implementation of the reading
* Integrate the reading curriculum across the school's
* Coach and mentor other teachers in the secondary
school system in the area of reading in the content

In the first year, participants were exposed to the JI ..11 ,ii
* Theoretical foundations of Reading Instruction
* Reading Diagnosis, Intervention and Assessment
* Teaching Reading in the Content Areas
* Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
for Reading

From left, Dr Susan Herbert, Head of the School of Education; Ms Esther Le Gendre, former Minister of Education; Ms Yvonne Lewis, Acting Chief
Education Officer; and Dr Heather Cateau, Deputy Dean, Faculty of Humanities and Education at the launch of the three-year training programme
of professional development and support initiative for secondary school principals, held in April 2010 at the School of Education Auditorium.

During the second year, participants will be exposed to
* Supervision and Leadership in Reading
* Setting up School-based Reading Programmes

The Certificate in Education for Secondary School
Librarians started in December 2009. Though not directly
related to the Reading Project, it is expected that the
synergy that will develop between teachers of reading
and librarians will contribute to capacity-building at the
secondary level. This programme aims to enhance the
skills of school librarians so that they can collaborate with
teachers to deliver the Information Literacy Curriculum
in the secondary school. School librarians help students to
develop the love for reading. With a changing concept of the
role of the librarian to that of media specialist, there is need
to continually enhance the skills of the librarian. Therefore,
among the aims of the programme are the following: To

1. Promote the ongoing professional development of
librarians assigned to secondary school in Trinidad
and Tobago
2. Support the development of competencies that will
equip secondary school librarians to deal with the
challenges of the present era of education reform
3. Prepare school librarians to implement the national
Library and Information Literacy Curriculum in
secondary schools, both independently and in
collaboration with other members of the school

It is hoped that the enhanced capability of the secondary
teachers in the area of reading along with the support of the
librarians who have developed skills as media specialists, will
contribute in significant ways to educational reform.

Finally, the third new and exciting project at the SOE
is the three-year training programme of Professional
Development and Support Initiatives for 134 secondary
school principals. Principals, as leaders, have a unique
role within the school system and the development and
enhancement of their leadership qualities, problem-
solving skills and interpersonal skills require more targeted
attention as we negotiate the 21st century environment. The
programme's innovative approach allows for customized
collaborative work among members of the SOE team,
including Mr. Carol Keller, Dr. Ewart Taylor, Dr. Jerome
De Lisle, Dr. Arthur Joseph, Mr. Raymond Hackett, and the
principals to create a community of learners, which aims
to enhance the management skills of the current school

...the programmes were designed and developed specifically for the local environment

and are being delivered by staff from the SOE.

Dr Susan Herbert is Head of the School of Education, The UWI, St. Augustine Campus.




On April 20"' 2010. ..,n explosion occurred ,.-i i;i'
D eep ,..,Il, i i,,[ /, ii Jd llih ., i u l,,iluii.. i1\ killil., 11
platfo in *i I, !l Uiii "II I 'i i .I 1 Ii I ,ii 1- 1 'ii
spill ii I lI. ;till I \ .;-. it (A 'Al i ii l di kl i i | I..II
this w ,,uUd pI ii i, .Ill\ I, '!'I ''I IIn, ,, l 1 pT ilkl ii li [, I,,[\

already\ i. i.l t A h A l Il I I .I .IN -l :dJisAI. l..i i ., 11'I I
w h ic w ..," Ill.., n h ,, n.,, I Ih I..,! !1 !vil !',..,l. iii
compailuln-ll lsil asbd 11 lIllhuli lhits ul ull.
Impacts of the spill: The impacts of this disaster are
compounded by the sheer size and scope of it. The picture is
indeed grim, not only for the Gulf of Mexico's environment
and proximal areas-their coastal and marine ecosystems-
but for the cascading effects, and ultimately on human
beings in terms of loss of livelihoods and severely affecting
the tourism industry. The longer-term socio-economic
impacts are therefore expected to be severe.
On the ocean's surface is the obvious oil slick while
beneath the sea's surface there is now a toxic soup of
hydrocarbons and dispersants (being used to disperse and/
or break down the oil). It is this combination of processes
which will potentially harm many sensitive parts of the
ecosystem. The millions of barrels of oil being released enter
the water and begin to break up or scatter into the marine
environment. This occurs as a result of a number of chemical
and physical processes related to the oil itself (chemical
make-up) and the environment (ambient conditions). These
processes begin to change the compounds that make up the
oil. The main factors that influence the fate of oil include:
the type of oil, the direction of ocean currents, wind speed,
turbulence, temperature, solar radiation and tidalflows. These
factors influence the rate at which the oil spreads and the
areas that are subsequently affected.
The impacts of oil can be realized at different levels and
may be either short or long term as it relates to petroleum
toxicity and oxygen depletion. Ecological and environmental
effects arise as a result of exposure to the oil itself or to
the components of the oil. The most visible effects of oil
are associated with the direct coating of animals and the
environment as we have seen in the numerous GOM photos
presently on the web and newspapers. Oil interferes with

NASA Satellite Shows Oil Spill as Silver-gray ribbons. On June 19,
2010, oil spread northeast from the leaking Deepwater Horizon well
in the Gulf of Mexico. The oil appears as a maze of silver-gray ribbons
in this photo-like image from the Moderate Resolution Imaging
Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite. IMAGE: NASA

insulation, respiration and mobility of many animals and
this is the primary cause of mortality during the initial
phase of a spill. The immediate negative impacts are also
on the millions of translucent zooplankton which, being a
food source for other marine organisms, ultimately end up
having cascading effects up the food chain. Additionally, oil
reduces the amount of light penetration in the water and
thus significantly affects primary productivity, one of the
main driving forces of all ocean productivity.
The GOM spill has already reportedly killed over 1500
animals, although this may not be a true estimate as many
carcasses would have sunk and may not yet be found. GOM
reports have indicated that dolphins were seen blowing
oil from their blow holes. Some GOM fauna will die as a
result of ingestion of toxic components of the oil itself or
from oil-covered carcasses. Juveniles or sensitive life stages
are even more susceptible and losses in these populations
are expected to be greatest. In this respect, losses will be
exacerbated since this event has occurred at the height of
the reproductive season (spring) in the GOM which was
teeming with larval stages and coincided with the nesting
season for sea turtles.
In the GOM, various shell fish species which rely on
the oceans for fertilization and dispersal are particularly at
risk because of depleting oxygen and exposure to the toxic
oil fractions. Surface oil reduces the amount of oxygen in
the water, resulting in rapid oxygen depletion, while toxic



The Far and Future I


Dr Judith Gobin and Dr Azad Mohammed in their lab at the Department of Life Sciences

An oiled sea gull is cleaned at the Ft. Jackson Oiled Wildlife Rehabilitation Ce
components may be incorporated (bio-accumulated) in
animal tissue and transferred through the food chain.
Sedentary fauna and shellfish, such as oysters, are usually
more at risk as they routinely filter large volumes of water
to extract food, and are therefore more likely to accumulate
oil components.
Oil exposure effects will not only be felt in the water but
also in coastal environments of the GOM such as beaches,
wetlands and coral reefs. In addition to their contributions
of biodiversity these environments also provide ecosystem

The Gulf of Mexico spill has i

1500 animals, although this j

many carcasses would have sv




Effects of the Oil Spill


aiter in Ft. Jackson, LA. 2 July 2010. IMAGE: BP P.L.C.

services-those direct or indirect contributions that the
environment makes to the well-being of humans. For
example, wetlands, reefs and beaches protect our coastal
communities from natural disasters by reducing storm
surges. A destroyed wetland or coral reef will reduce this
natural barrier. Another negative effect comes directly
from the massive quantities of dispersants being used. The
estimated volume of dispersants is now 1.67 million litres:
1.06 m litres on the surface and just over 600,000 undersea.
On the one hand, while dispersants assist in breaking up

already reportedly killed over

nay not be a true estimate as

tnk and may not yet be found.

the oil (by accelerating microbial activity) and often reduce
the toxicity of the oil, at the same time (being chemicals)
they also cause additional negative impacts on biological
The Harte Research Institute (HRI) at Texas A&M
University, Corpus Christi, completed an all-species
inventory of the GOM in 2009. Data from that study show
that the area containing the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
contains 8332 species of plants and animals. Having that
information in the face of this disaster is fortunate and
timely as this data set will be invaluable in helping to assess
the effects of the spill and ecosystem recovery following
cleanup activities. Despite the dreadful circumstances, it
is an almost ideal situation, as there is excellent "pre-spill/
impact" data which will be used to compare with "post-
spill/impact" data.
Another critical impact of the GOM spill is a human
health one, as oil contains a mixture of volatile hydrocarbon
compounds (such as benzene and xylene) which are known
carcinogens. Exposure to these compounds-especially by
response teams-may lead to dizziness, nausea, headaches
and chest pains. Over 143 cases of exposure-related illnesses
have been reported for the GOM spill and we can expect this
value to significantly rise as response efforts continue.
The Deepwater Horizon spill therefore brings far-
reaching and multi-pronged devastation since there is an
associated billion-dollar value of annual economic activity
as well as the ecosystem services at risk. Many livelihoods
revolve around harvest from the sea (fish, lobster, shrimp,
oysters, etc.). The Louisiana fishery has been devastated with
the banning of fishing and damage to property such as boats
and fishing gear. Oily beaches will also have a direct negative
impact on tourism in the affected coastal areas.
According to Drs. Shirley, Tunnell, Jr., Moretzsohn, and
Brenner (of HRI) loss as a result of the GOM spill "includes
ecosystem services of $1.2 billion; recreational fishing ($114
million), commercial fishing ($30.3 million) and tourism
($77.6 million)"
As expected, tropical storm activity (given the
hurricane season) will increase turbulence and wind
speed, accelerating the spread of the oil, which of course,
extends the points of impacts. At the same time, oil with
an asphaltene content greater than 0.5%, can form stable
emulsions which may persist for months after the spill. In
effect, the long term effects of this spill may not be fully
realized for some time to come.
The Caribbean islands do not appear to face any
immediate threats by the GOM oil spill, although concerns
were raised (June 18' 2010) by Caribbean Ministers to the
US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton in Barbados. Around
the same time in Port of Spain, the Association of Caribbean
States (ACS) held its 11th meeting of the Caribbean Sea
Commission whose chairman, Barbados Minister of Health
Donville Inniss, was also voicing concerns.
"It is very important to preserve our marine space.

Oil slick in a west coast tributary, Trinidad.

Cleaning a young, Hawksbill turtle at The Institute for Marine Mammal
Studies in Gulfport, MS on June 5, 2010. IMAGE: BP P.L.C.

The Caribbean Sea is not only vital for recreation but for
economic benefits as well. Many of our industries utilise the
sea, such as the tourism and fishing industries," he said.
Based on oceanographic studies, the US National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
suggested that "oil bearing currents will follow an offshore
course past the north of the Cuban coast, before turning
and passing to the west of Bahamas and away from the
Trinidad and Tobago is the largest oil producer in the
Caribbean with our immediate neighbor (approx. 13km)
Venezuela being the fifth largest producer in the world. The
possibility of an oil spill of such magnitude in our area is
perhaps not far-fetched. In terms of preparedness for such
a situation, Trinidad and Tobago recently updated (Feb.
2010) it's National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (NOSCP of
1997). The responsibility of co-ordination now lies with
the Organization for Disaster Preparedness Management
(ODPM). In the event of a spill being beyond the local
and regional resources, the ODPM will "contact relevant
operators to engage the services of Tier 3 equipment
providers (ie substantial resources and support, including
worldwide co-operation)." Our Caribbean marine
biodiversity is now reasonably well known with the most
recent contribution by Milosavich et al. (2010). This works
the first complete report on the status of marine biodiversity
including island inventories for the Caribbean. This and
other inventories will indeed serve as appropriate data sets
for possible comparative impacts (following an oil spill for
example), although there are still many data gaps which
need to be addressed.
It is therefore timely that the Caribbean heeds this
GOM incident as a warning and ensures that we implement
an appropriate regional plan of action to address such
a potential disaster. This is critical in order to protect
our coastal and marine ecosystems (biodiversity and
other services) which play a major role in sustaining our

Dr Judith Gobin is a Lecturer (Marine Biology) and an
Environmental Scientist, and Dr Azad Mohammed is a
Lecturer (Physiology) and a Toxicologist, Department of Life
Sciences, UWI St. Augustine.




Nearing ninety, one is hardly surprised by life's servings
anymore. If one were born in 1921, as the newly knighted
Wilson Harris was, one would have entered a world
emerging from the ravages of World War I. In one's twenties,
one would have experienced a second, more devastating
episode of global violence, and afterwards known a planet
continually engaged in warfare-hot and cold.
One would have seen remarkable advances in
technology: enabling gizmos that have irrevocably altered
ways of seeing and being, communications devices that have
all but shrunk the physical space we inhabit.
If one were Wilson Harris, born in New Amsterdam
in that dense, abstract and indefinable space we now call
Guyana; if one were Wilson Harris, government surveyor,
trekking through rainforest and hinterland, and one decided
to become a writer, one could take a deep breath and suck
all that mystic air into one' lungs, and it could fill one with
an imperturbable bubble that could be a shield from the
ongoing world-a shield and even a lens through which
to view it.
And nearing ninety, having followed the calling to write
for nigh all of one's life, one is not overly surprised when the
notice comes indicating that the Queen's Birthday Honours
list would like to feature your name as a knight.
"I am very pleased," Wilson Harris said about the award,
"It was a bit of a surprise, but there you are!"
It was a moment that was reduced for him by the
absence of his wife, Margaret, who died in January this year.
At his moment of celebration, it was a marked vacuum,
eliciting a poignant lament.
"She is not here!"
Sir Wilson was asked what he thought his knighthood
meant for other Caribbean writers.
"It's important in the sense that these knighthoods are
hardly given to writers. They're hardly given to conventional
writers, and a writer like myself is hardly given a knighthood.
So I feel that this is an encouragement to other writers in
the region to persist in the their work, even if they feel that
what they are doing is not popular, because in the long run
it may tell on their behalf. It's a question of the reality of
the arts. The arts have to be pursued irrespective of what
people think. And any Caribbean writer who has been
working seriously should continue to do that and leave the
rest to be judged by people who appreciate the importance
of what they're doing."'
He explained that what he meant by conventional
writing is straightforward writing.
"My writing is quantum writing. Do you know of the
quantum bullet? The quantum bullet, when it's fired, leaves
not one hole but two. That's how my writing is."

That is true of his writing; writing from the dense,
abstract and indefinable space that is Guyana, that no
physical journey could erase.
Sir Wilson migrated to England in 1959 and published
his first novel Palace of the Peacock in 1960. It became part
of The Guyana Quartet, which includes The Far Journey of
Oudin (1961), The Whole Armour (1962), and The Secret
Ladder (1963). He later wrote the Carnival trilogy consisting
of Carnival (1985), The Infinite Rehearsal (1987), and The
Four Banks of the River of Space (1990).
Since his poetry writing days, he has written several
novels, non-fiction and critical essays and has been awarded
honorary doctorates by several universities. The University
of the West Indies conferred an honorary doctorate on him
in 1984.
His son, Prof Nigel Harris, is current Vice Chancellor
of The UWI.
"My father's knighthood is a fitting tribute to his unique
and extraordinary accomplishments as an author," he said as
he remarked on the inspirational role he played in his life.
St Augustine Campus Principal, Prof Clement Sankat
offered congratulations on behalf of the Campus, "I
congratulate Sir Theodore Wilson Harris, an eminent writer
and son of our Caribbean soil, on his knighthood. This is
indeed a phenomenal achievement."
Indeed, as phenomenal as the man.

"Its important in the sense that these

knighthoods are hardly given to writers.

They're hardly given to conventional

writers, and a writer like myself is hardly

given a knighthood.




The Marketing and Communications Office
(M&C) of The UWI celebrates four awards from
the international Awards for Publication Excellence
(APEX) 2010. The UWI Today newspaper has won
four awards of excellence at the APEX awards 2010,
as follows.
1. Magapapers & Newspapers Print UWI
TODAY Sunday 26th April, 2009 [Cocoa
2. Green Writing From Green to Gene Vaneisa
3. Feature Series Writing Cocoa Series Vaneisa
Baksh and Frances Bekele
4. Feature Writing Parlez-vous Francais?
Gerard Best

Director of the M&C, Dawn-Marie De Four-
Gill, expressed her pleasure at the results, saying that
although the paper came up against competition
with far superior resources, it reinforced her feeling
that the work being done by the editorial team set
very high standards.
"We are always trying to raise the bar,"
she said, "and awards like these are extremely
useful as evaluation tools, and they serve as great
Editor of the UWI Today, Vaneisa Baksh,
echoed her sentiments, saying that the two awards
for the particular issue featuring the work of the
Cocoa Research Unit and the role of cocoa-past,
present and future-in the country encouraged efforts
to highlight the remarkable work at the Campus.
"There are several splendid research projects
going on at The UWI, and we try to use the paper
to let the public know about them and how it affects
their lives:' she said.
The work was submitted for the 22nd annual
awards competition sponsored by the Editors of
Writing That Works: The Business Communications
Report. With more than 3,700 entries in APEX 2010,
awards were based on excellence in graphic design,
editorial content and the success of the entry-in
the opinion of the judges-in achieving overall
communications effectiveness and excellence.

The Far Journey of





Five members of the academic staff at the Cave Hill,
Mona and St Augustine Campuses of The University of
the West Indies, namely, Professor John Agard, Dr Kusha
Haraksingh, Dr Dave Chadee, Professor Maureen
Samms-Vaughan and Professor Clive Landis will receive
the prestigious Vice Chancellor's Award for Excellence
for the academic year 2009/2010 at a special ceremony
to be held on October 21, 2010 at the Cave Hill Campus.
The Awards will be presented by the Vice Chancellor, Prof
Nigel Harris.
The recipients at the St Augustine Campus are:
Professor John Agard, Professor of Tropical Island Ecology
and Head, Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science
and Agriculture, for all-round performance in the combined
areas of research accomplishments and contribution to
public service; Dr Kusha Haraksingh, Senior Lecturer,
Department of History, Faculty of Humanities and
Education for contribution to public service; and Dr Dave
Chadee, Senior Lecturer in Parasitology, Department of
Life Sciences, for research accomplishments.
From the Mona Campus, Professor Maureen Samms-
Vaughan, Professor of Child Health, Child Development
and Behaviour, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and
Child Health, received the award for contribution to public
service, while from the Cave Hill Campus, Professor Clive
Landis, Professor in Cardiovascular Research, Chronic
Disease Research Centre, received the award for research
Professor John Agard has published over eight book
chapters and 20 articles in peer-reviewed journals. Professor
Agard is recognized by the United Nations as an expert on
climate change and Small Island Developing States; was a
lead author of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate
Change's (IPCC) 4th assessment report-Chapter 16, Small
Islands-and as such, shared in the IPCC's Nobel Peace Prize
in 2007. He has served on several boards, including the
Environmental Management Authority (EMA) of which
he was Chairman.
Dr Kusha Haraksingh's public service activities have
been extensive. He was appointed Commissioner and first
Chairman of the CARICOM Competition Commission,
an essential pillar of the Single Market and Economy
(CSME). He provided pro-bono advice to the West Indies
Players' Association, and represented them in arbitration

proceedings before the Chief Justice of Barbados. Dr
Haraksingh sits on various University Committees such
as the Augmented Pensions Committee, the Standing
Committee on Ordinances and Regulations, and serves as
Chair of the St Augustine Examinations Committee and
Chair of the University Archives and Records Management
Dr Dave Chadee is an accomplished researcher, who
has published over 180 scientific papers, 10 book chapters
and one book. He was conferred with an honorary Doctor
of Science degree in 1999 by the University of Dundee
in recognition of his research. He is currently on the
Editorial Board of five international peer-reviewed journals,
Entomologia Experimentalis etAppihi tu, Annals oj.\ I. 1 11i
Fil, ,,., ,. .i, European Journal of General Medicine, Open
Public Health Journal and Journal ofParasitological Research.
He was recently appointed by the International Panel for
Climate Change (IPCC) as a Lead Author for the Health
and Climate Change section of the 5th Assessment Report
on Climate Change, due in 2013.
"I would like to thank the previous and present St
Augustine Campus Principals for their encouragement
and for providing the opportunity and the environment to
develop my research programme," he said. "Most scientific
breakthroughs are achieved due to advancing technology


Professor Samms-Vaughan's contribution to non-
governmental organizations has been diverse and extensive.
She has been a consultant and an advisor to the Jamaica
Attention Deficit Disorder Association since 1998 and has
served as consultant advisor to UNICEF and PAHO. For her
exemplary public service Professor Samms-Vaughan was in
2007 awarded the Jamaican National Honour, Commander
of the Order of Distinction for service in the field of Early
Childhood Development and Child Health.
Professor Clive Landis has published 64 papers in
peer-reviewed journals. In the past five years, Professor
Landis has published 25 papers, 20 as first author or senior
author and has gained international recognition. He has, on
several occasions, been invited to present keynote lectures
in the US, UK and Australia as an internationally acclaimed
leader in the field of heart surgery, particularly as it relates to
the dangerous systemic inflammatory response experienced
by patients undergoing this procedure. Professor Landis
received the Principal's Award for Excellence, Cave Hill
Campus, for the academic year 2008/2009.


and the development and/or adoption ofnewmethodologies.
In my research I have combined classical biology with
contemporary molecular biology approaches."
Professor Maureen Samms-Vaughan is considered
an ambassador for the University in the area of child
development and is a significant contributor to public
service. She was on secondment to the Government of
Jamaica for two years as Executive Chairman of the National
Early Childhood Commission, a position she served with
distinction. She has published two books entitled The
Jamaican Pre-School Child: the Status of Early Childhood
Development in Jamaica and Cognition, Educational
Attainment and Behaviour in a cohort of Jamaican Children
at age 11-12 years. These books have become reference
texts used as policy guides in the Ministries of Health
and Education in Jamaica. Professor Samms-Vaughan
has authored and published over 58 research papers and
abstracts in peer-reviewed journals.

Professor Maureen Samms-Vaughn. PHOTO: PETER FERGUSON


As a research scientist, I am used to fielding questions
about what value, if any, research should have in the
Caribbean. A commonly expressed view is that scientific
research is the expensive indulgence of richer countries and
that our scarce resources should not be diverted from our
many pressing social and health needs.
Although I disagree with that sentiment, I do agree with
the latter point that we do have many pressing social and
health needs in the Caribbean. But what are they? Exactly?
We often talk about being in an "Information Age" but
do policymakers have access to accurate, locally relevant
information concerning our society's issues? Research at its
most fundamental is simply the art of extracting information
that is not readily attainable. If I ask you to count the persons
standing at a bus stop, that is a quick and mechanical task.
But if I ask you to ascertain how many of those people at the
bus stop have hypertension, then you will need to do some
research (and will no doubt request a budget!).

The Caribbean is under-researched at most levels and
policymakers are often forced to rely on dubious Ersatz
research performed in different countries on different
ethnic populations. Research from my Department, the
Chronic Disease Research Centre of the Cave Hill Campus,
has identified a major new risk gene for glaucoma, an eye
disease, never before apparent in Caucasian populations.
That is the sort of locally relevant information that is
critical for policymakers to know how and where to target
those scarce resources towards improved diagnosis and
eye care. Research from my own laboratory has indicated
that an inflammation gene present at 30X higher levels in
black populations than Caucasians may explain the high
incidence of inflammatory disorders in the Caribbean,
such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and diabetic
foot (predisposing to an amputation). The definitive genetic
linkage study is currently ongoing, the Wound Healing
Study (WHY study) in diabetes.

"The only reason I am able to
carry off this prestigious VC's
Award for Excellence is that I am
surrounded by talented people
whom I enthuse and entrust with
their own research projects."

Why do we have such a high prevalence of diabetic foot
amputation in Barbados? Can we identify individuals who
are predisposed to this dreaded complication of diabetes?
Can we guide the surgeons to improved clinical outcomes?
These are all questions that are addressed by the WHY
study. Of particular interest to government and industry
leaders, what is the economic impact of a diabetic foot in
terms of additional health care cost and loss of productivity?
Patient recruitment has begun on the WHY study and we are
eagerly awaiting the results of this internationally ground-
breaking study. I would like to invite the government and
private sector to become involved as a partner in this
University research, as we aim to translate academic outputs
into practical clinical interventions for better diagnosis,
prevention and care of diabetic foot.

I have a passion for research and despite being advised
on more than one occasion during my career to focus, focus,
focus ... I just can't help myself. The diseases and problems
out there are just so diverse and important, that I find
myself carrying out research in areas ranging from wound
healing in diabetes, risk genes for inflammatory diseases,
rheumatic inflammatory conditions, recovery from heart
surgery, pandemic influenza virus surveillance, laboratory
capacity building in the region for HIV/AIDS diagnosis,
and research into sexual behaviour in the TIG sex study:

a national survey in Barbadian girls aged 15-19 examining
inter-generational relationships with older men.
The yardstick I always set myself when setting out
in some new and exciting area of research is that I aim
to present my research findings in the leading academic
journals and international conferences in the field. If I
succeed in that regard, then I cannot be accused of being a
jack-of-all-trades (and master of none). I find research in
the Caribbean tremendously energizing and challenging.
We work in cumbersome governmental and University
structures, but the quality of the individuals with whom
I interact ... they are just first rate. We have well educated
populations with great potential in the Caribbean, but we
commit the cardinal sin of not tapping into individual
talents sufficiently ... and talent will wither away when not

The only reason I am able to carry off this prestigious
VC's Award for Excellence is that I am surrounded by
talented people whom I enthuse and entrust with their own
research projects. I am deeply honored to be receiving this
Award on behalf of my many colleagues and collaborators,
from the CDRC, my PhD students, the Queen Elizabeth
Hospital, the Barbados Diabetes Foundation, the Ministry
of Health, the Ministry of Youth Affairs, the National HIV/
AIDS Commission, regional Ministries and laboratories
across the Caribbean, and at every level across the
University. I would not have the joy in my career if it were
not for my family who support me despite my many "mad
professor" moments.
I would like to see the VC's Award act as a springboard
to drive the next phase of development at the CDRC,
away from abstract concepts of disease prevalence and
mechanisms towards tangible patient benefits. This is a call
for Caribbean stakeholders in health and the private sector
to partner with us to translate our academic outputs into
practical clinical interventions for the good of patients and
society alike.



The Anthony N. Sabga
Caribbean Awards for
Excellence has called for
nominations for its 2011
Awards in Arts & Letters,
Science & Technology,
and Public & Civic
S ''Contributions.
The Sabga Awards,
which include a gold
ANTHONY N. SA A medal, TT $500,000,
CARIBBEAN AWARDS and a citation, have
FOR EXCELLENCE been presented on
three occasions to ten
distinguished Caribbean persons since 2006. They are the
only awards which canvas the entire English-speaking
Caribbean in the three categories. Laureates include
Trinidadian film-maker Yao Ramesar, St Lucian poet
Adrian Augier, Guyanese writer, poet and critic Professor
David Dabydeen, Grenadian anatomical pathologist, Prof
Kathleen Coard, Barbadian solar energy entrepreneur,
James Husbands, and Guyanese Indigenous Peoples' and
environmental activist, Sydney Allicock.
Nominations maybe made by any person or institution
in any of the categories, and persons may nominate
themselves. The descriptions of the attributes desired in
nominees in each category, and the nomination form, are
available on the awards website, www.ansacaribbeanawards.
Nominations were initially the responsibility of
Country Nominating Committees (CNCs) in Jamaica,
the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS),
Guyana, Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago. However,
in order to democratize the process, it was decided that
the call for nominations should be opened to the public
and institutions. The CNCs will still be able to nominate
individuals, and it is to the CNCs that all nominations will
go to be assessed.

Anthony N. Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence 2010 laureates, from left, Sydney Allicock, Prof Kathleen Coard, and Mr Adrian Augier.

Once the CNCs have decided on the best candidates,
and the candidates' credentials have been verified by
independent investigators, the CNCs pass on their
recommendations to the regional Eminent Persons Panel
(EPP), who make the final selection. The Awards are
funded by the ANSA McAL Foundation, but nominations,
selections and all adjudication is independent of Foundation

In order to be considered for the 2011 Awards,
nominations must be received by August 31, 2010. The
Awards may be sent by email, fax, or printed copy to the
Programme Office. The addresses are: ANSA Centre, 9th
Floor, TATIL Building, 11, Maraval Road, St Clair, Port of
Spain, Trinidad & Tobago; (fax) 868 622 3941 and (email):


Dr. Basil Reid, Senior Lecturer in Archaeology at The
University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, was recently
appointed as Senior Representative for the Caribbean and
Central America for the World Archaeology Congress
His role is to promote the activities of WAC, encourage
enthusiasts to become members of WAC, and actively
encourage events in the region such as field schools,
workshops, symposia, inter-congresses and scholarly
research projects. Dr. Reid has either authored or edited a
number of books such as Myths and Realities of Caribl'l'e
History,. b ii ,.'. i GIS and Cultural Resource Management
in Trinidad, A i,. ..% r and Geoinformatics: Case Studies

from the Caribbean, and A Crime Solving Toolkit:
Forensics in the Cair'en.
In 2005, he was Chairman of the 21st Congress
of the International Association for Caribbean
Archaeology (IACA), which was held for the first time
in Trinidad and Tobago.
A recent review of the book, A, h l., vr and
Geoinformatics, described it as "valuable for researchers
considering incorporating geoinformatics into their
archaeological study." Overall, said reviewer, Derek
Miller of the Anthropology Department of College
of William and Mary, "it represents a significant
contribution to the use ofgeoinformatics in archaeology,
particularly in the Caribbean."




The Community Health Outreach Programme is offered to
year-two medical students in the Public Health and Primary
Care Unit of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, UWI. The
course offers these students the opportunity to meet patients/
clients at an early point in their training. These students visit
antenatal clients in health centres, interview them and write
reflective pieces about their interactions with them.

Iv ,
rflr i. Ask

Students who excelled in the programme, from left, Jessie Toney-
Duncan, Sadhanna Roop, Dr. Joan Rawlins, Senior Lecturer and
Coordinator of the Programme, and Justin Reyes.


The challenge for the WICB is to accept that twenty/20
is here to stay but not to let Test cricket die. The best T20
players are not sloggers, he said, citing Sachin Tendulkar as
an example. He said if the WICB was not careful, it would
lose the Viv Richards and Brian Laras of the future.
"I don't believe the team you have at the moment is the
best team in the Caribbean," he said. "Show me one cricketer
in the last 10 years who is half as good as Viv Richards, half
as good as Gary Sobers!"
He said the WICB must ask where it wants to go and
what would be the cost.
"You have to have the infrastructure to produce the
cricketers of tomorrow," he said.
Saying he believed the recently launched High
Performance Centre located at UWI's Cave Hill Campus
which is the coordinating hub of the WICB regional cricket
academy will go beyond basic cricket and teach life skills as
the South African academy does, he said this was necessary
because "God-given skills are diminishing."' He felt this
was an important developmental step, but as he closed off
he asked rather testily, "How many of your West Indies
cricketers are used in developmental programmes in the

Dr Hamid Ghany, Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, presents Mr Goolam Rajah with a token of appreciation after the lecture.



Unions are not the problem SA manager tells WICB

"When I see the state of West Indies cricket today, it
saddens me."' Ordinarily, those would be the words of a
patriotic West Indian, but because of the extraordinary
impact West Indies cricket has had on the global game, it
simply echoes what has been uttered by cricket patriots from
England, Australia, Pakistan, India... everywhere.
When Goolam Rajah, Logistics Manager of the South
African national cricket team (and Manager of the Deccan
Chargers in the Indian Premier League) said it at the Seventh
Annual Sonny Ramadhin Distinguished Cricket Lecture, its
poignancy was heightened by the tale he had just told of his
experience in South Africa pre and post apartheid.
Mr Rajah's lecture, "Transformation over the last 20
years in South African Cricket," was related from a fairly
personal perspective. He spoke of the existence of two
cricketing bodies in the apartheid days, "one conventional
one, the white component" and the black one, "which is
where we belonged."'
"If you were non-white in South Africa, you could
never play for South Africa," he said, and the rebel tours of
the period were not helpful to the cause.
"If you were sitting where I was, you look at rebel tours
as a form of acceptance of the white cricket and you give
credibility by your presence."
He recalled that one of his proudest moments was when
Viv Richards rejected a lucrative offer to play in South Africa,
saying it would be blood money and Ian Botham followed
suit, saying he wouldn't be able to look Viv in the eye.
He said the Minister of Sport under the ANC
Government of Nelson Mandela gathered about 20 members
from the two cricketing bodies, locked them in a room for
discussion, and told them that by the time he returned he
wanted one cricket administration.
"If he had not done that, we would never have seen
Makhaya Ntini or Herschelle Gibbs," he said, lamenting
that he had never seen the three Ws (Walcott, Worrell and

"Today, I can proudly say that our South African team
is picked on skill and merit and not on skin colour. I, for
one, was beaten up, thrown into a jail, because I believe if
you are good enough in terms of skill then you should be
allowed to play for your country," he said, as he emphasized
that things have changed.
"Certainly, in my lifetime, you will never see an all-
white South African team again.'
For those who knew of the struggles within West Indies
cricket to have players selected on the basis of meritocracy
rather than skin colour (captaincy especially was the
provenance of white players), Rajah was telling an extreme
version of a story they knew. He was aware of that.
"I believe that South Africa had bigger challenges and
bigger obstacles in its path, because we also had ideological
battles," that made things seem hopeless, he said, as he
compared the state of South African cricket with that of
the West Indies.
The West Indies nation has produced the best players
one could imagine, he declared, "and I look at this nation,
and I look at your best cricketers today, and I ask myself
what has gone wrong?"
Mr Rajah chomped at the heart of that question.
"I believe this game is about players, and the sooner
administrations realise this, not only in this country,
the better. It is time your players' association, your
administrators and your Board [WICB] sit down in a room
and agree to disagree."
Unionism, he said, is a fact of life and "it is time
administrators accept that.'
"If you think unions are your problem,' he warned,
"there are much bigger ones'.
Saying that Test cricket is under threat because of the
wildly growing popularity and profitability of Twenty/20
cricket, he said players now ask why they should play
Tests when they could earn four times the amount in T20

Asked by a questioner what
he thought kept South
African cricket strong despite
international sanctions during
apartheid, Mr Goolam Rajah
said the players were always
part of county cricket, so they
always faced strong opposition.
Noting that West Indian
dominance coincided with the
period when many players were
also exposed to county cricket,
he said the West Indies regional
infrastructure was not of the
standard it should be.




University Field Station, Mt Hope
Shuttle Sei vice available

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Monday 9 to Fi iday 13 August, 2010
UWI Cave Hill, Baibados
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Tuesday 17 to F iday 20, Aiugust, 2010
UWI Mona, Jamaica
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Thuilsday 16 to Satuiday 18 Septembei, 2010
UWI, St Augustine, T nidad
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Saturday 18 to Sunday 19 Septembei, 2010
UWI, St Augustine, Ti inidad

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