UWI TTO A
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
GRANT FOR UWI
Gates Foundation boosts research
that could reduce virus globally
The work of one of the key figures in the world's
battle to control the Aedes aegypti mosquito vector
of Dengue Fever has been recognized by the Bill and
Melinda Gates Foundation with a TT$1.5 million grant
to continue developing and testing a new approach to
The grant was awarded to Dr Dave D. Chadee,
Senior Lecturer in the Department of Life Sciences,
The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine,
along with collaborators at Tulane University, New
Orleans, USA. This five-year grant is for work to
reduce Dengue Fever, Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever,
Dengue Shock Syndrome and Yellow Fever, using a
novel lethal ovitrap.
This refined version of the ovitrap builds on
work that has been done before, but this time
incorporates important modifications to the material
and the toxins contained within. The trap itself is
designed to collect the Aedes aegypti eggs and kill
female mosquitoes visiting the traps. Dr Chadee has
contributed significantly to the refinement of the
ovitraps because of the work he has done in the field
of entomology, with special emphasis on mosquitoes
and their breeding and living habits.
* A Nutritious
* Queen Visits UWI Campus
* Rachel Manley
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 3
Team produces special trap to eradicate mosquitos
The goal of the project is to demonstrate a
reduction in the number of new human infections by
area-wide deployment of the Attractant-Bait Lethal
Ovitrap (ALOT), as a component of community-based
Dengue management programs.
An important component of this project is to
demonstrate the ALOT efficacy in reducing mosquito
densities and Dengue fever cases in Trinidad and to
work with public health officials and vector control
workers to establish standards and benchmarks for
use of lethal ovitraps. A large-scale evaluation of this
device in Dengue endemic countries in Latin America,
Caribbean and in South Asia will be conducted during
the third and fourth years of the project. These steps
are expected to result in a measurable decrease in
the abundance of physiologically old mosquitoes
(which transmit Dengue Fever) and in new human
A clear set of lethal ovitrap technology standards
will facilitate broader implementation and acceptance
of this technology by public health agencies and
the general public. As research has been done in
partnership with the World Health Organization and
the Pan American Health Organization since this
project began, it is envisaged that the World Health
Organization will publish recommendations for lethal
ovitrap technology when the project is completed and
this technology will form part of an integrated dengue
Through this project, the collaborators hope
to develop a global access strategy to guide and
launch post-project dissemination of results and
recommendations on a broad scale. Moreover, by
understanding the motivators and barriers among
individuals to the successful use of the ovitraps in their
homes during the study period, the collaborators will
be in a position to fine tune measures and strategies
for the long term implementation of the ovitraps in
This Dengue Project demonstrates the commitment
of The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine
Campus to conducting research relevant to the needs
of Trinidad and Tobago, the Caribbean region and
the wider world. Dr Chadee is currently assisting the
Insect Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health in
planning and evaluating their vector control strategies
to combat both the dengue outbreak and threats of
yellow fever in Trinidad and Tobago. This lethal ovitrap
is yet another tool which will be introduced to the
vector control armory to reduce the risk of vector-
borne diseases globally. (See Pages 8&9)
* THE BILL AND MELINDA GATES
FOUNDATION runs under the direction of US
billionaires, Bill and Melinda Gates and Warren
Buffett. Its global grants fall within the areas of
development and health, and since its inception
it has committed US$19.8 billion to a wide range
of programmes. In 2008 alone, its grant payments
totaled US$2.8 billion. The Foundation employs
more than 700 people at its offices in Seattle,
Washington, DC; Delhi and Beijing.
Within the last ten years, the Foundation has
allocated millions of dollars to Dengue research,
including US$55 million to the International
Vaccine Institute in 2003 towards research in
creating a vaccine for Dengue Fever.
Dengue Fever has increased steadily in the
last three decades, and is estimated to infect 100
million people in the developing world annually.
A statement from the Foundation noted that, "in
2001-2002, Dengue epidemics reached an all-time
high in Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Thailand,
Vietnam, and Myanmar. The number of cases in
the Americas has risen from 60,000 in 1980 to
700,000 in 2000. In 2001, Hawaii reported its first
Dengue outbreak in more than 50 years."
The award of TT$1.5 million to the project
in which UWI lecturer in Parasitology and
Environmental Health, Dr David Chadee is involved,
is meant to contribute towards developing standards
for the use of the lethal ovitrap technology so that
it can be accepted for use by pubic health agencies,
and in particular, be adopted as World Health
Organization recommendations for global use.
Global forecasts predict a year like none
experienced before in terms of a climate fraught
with collapsing empires and unsustainable
economies. The challenge of our time is a large
one, requiring imaginative and unorthodox
approaches, for the circumstances of this era
are inherently more complex because of the way
planetary affairs have become interlocked.
The novelty of globalisation has given way
to what has been exposed as its underbelly: the
simple fact that what affects one, affects all. If the
last few decades were characterised by pursuits
that were determined by the level of individual
rewards, then the decades ahead demand that we
return to the spirit of the collective and channel
our resources into restoring some stability to our
The UWI has committed itself to renewing
its relevance to the needs of the societies it serves
and is focusing its attention on ensuring that
its activities and pursuits can make meaningful
contributions towards enhancing the quality of
life of our people.
The research going on within these precincts
sometimes goes unnoticed by the larger
community, and it is often because researchers
are by nature, introverts, who need to be wheedled
into public domains. We are proud that the work
that has been done by Dr Dave Chadee towards
eradicating the global plagues of Dengue Fever
and Yellow Fever caused by the mosquito vector
Aedes aegypti, has been recognised by the Gates
Foundation. This is the kind of relevance we wish
to foster on the campus.
We are also verymindful ofthe unpredictability
of the economic climate and we know that it
requires that our staff and students develop
not only the capacity for critical thinking and
problem-solving, but because this is an age that
is full of sharp corners, they will also need mental
agility and alertness to keep us all from running
off the road.
CLEMENT K. SANKAT
Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal
Professor Clement Sankat
DIRECTOR OF MARKETING
Mrs. Dawn Marie De Four-Gill
Ms. Vaneisa Baksh
The UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Attractant-Bait Lethal Ovitrap (ALOT)
4 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
UWI and IIC partner to aid SMEs through FINPYME
The University of the West Indies (UWI) is
joining forces with the Inter-American Investment
Corporation (IIC) in a programme designed to
increase the competitiveness of businesses in Trinidad
and Tobago and across the Caribbean. The programme,
called FINPYME (pronounced 'feen-pee-may'), aims
to make medium and long-term sources of financing
more accessible for small to medium-size enterprises
(SMEs) throughout the region.
"The FINPYME programme is an attempt to solve
problems that we see in a lot of organisations'," said
Michael Apel, IIC Technical Assistance Officer."A lot of
SMEs suffer from a lack of long-term financing because
they are unable to provide the financial information
that the lending institution needs in order to take the
decision to give a long-term loan."
Financial institutions, such as IIC, have realized
the challenges that SMEs face and have developed
programmes such as FINPYME to assist them.
FINPYME is supported by a partnership agreement
between Scotiabank and the IIC, which is the private
sector arm of the Inter-American Development Bank
(IDB). Once participating companies have been
evaluated, Scotiabank and the IIC will work together
with local business schools to conduct a series of
diagnostic reviews, designed to identify and address
specific weaknesses. Based on the results, FINPYME
offers individual training and technical assistance,
which are designed to help business people to address
the identified vulnerabilities.
Participating schools include the UWI Mona
School of Business (Jamaica), the UWI Cave Hill
School of Business and Department of Management
Studies (Barbados), the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate
School of Business and the UWI Department of
Management Studies (Trinidad).
"We train the lecturers on methodology, and
with the knowledge that they gain, they conduct
interviews with the help of their business students.
The lecturers go through a set of 140 indicators that
evaluate a wide range of issues within the company,"
said Apel, explaining the philosophy behind including
the business schools in this way.
Interested businesses can visit the official FINPYME
website at www.FINPYME.org or contact Dr Simon
Fraser, Department of Management Studies, Faculty of
Social Sciences, UWI StAugustine at Simon.Fraser@sta.
uwi.edu or (868) 683 4312
QUEEN OF SPAIN'S HISTORIC VISIT
Mr. Winston Cox spoke at the official FINPYME Programme Launch
in Trinidad and Tobago, at the Hyatt Regency V and V1, Port of Spain
on Tuesday 10th March, 2009. Other speakers were UWI St Augustine
Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat; Governor of the Central
Bank of Trinidad and Tobago, Mr Ewart Williams; IDB Country
Representative in Trinidad and Tobago, Mr Iwan Sewberath Misser; and
Trinidad and Tobago Minister of Planning, Housing and Environment,
Dr Emily Gaynor Dick-Forde, who is a former Acting Head of the
Department of Management Studies at UWI Cave Hill, Barbados.
The University of The West Indies (UWI)
Pro Vice Chancellor and St. Augustine Campus
Principal, Professor Clement K. Sankat hosted an
Official Visit from Her Majesty Queen Sofia of
Spain on February 17, 2009. Her Excellency Dr.
Jean Ramjohn-Richards, wife of the President of
the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago accompanied
Her Majesty on this historic visit to the Office of
the St Augustine Campus Principal.
Her Majesty and Her Excellency were then
escorted to a marquee in the Principal's garden,
where they were greeted by an official welcome
The royal party proceeded to the Principal's
Office, to view a special commemorative exhibition
featuring letters of Christopher Colombus, trade
maps, documents, books, as well as historic
photographs of St Joseph (courtesy of Dr Glenroy
Taitt) and other materials related to the Spanish
influence in Trinidad and Tobago. The special
exhibition was facilitated by Professor Bridget
Brereton of the Department of History, Dr.
Lancelot Cowie of the Department of Liberal Arts
and Ms Jennifer Joseph, Campus Librarian.
The Kingdom of Spain has a relationship with
The University of the West Indies which allows UWI
students to attend Spanish universities. Spain has
also funded the university staff position of'Lector
in Spanish', and His Excellency Mr. Fernando de
la Serna has instituted the Embassy for Spain
Prize for Peninsular Spanish Literature. Spain has
also provided literature, teaching materials and
scholarships to UWI students. Her Majesty's visit
to the University was part of the state visit of the
Their Majesties King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia
of Spain to Trinidad and Tobago.
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 5
CNN Political Director speaks at UWI on Obama Campaign
As the nation gears up for the visit of US President
Barack Obama, students of The University of the West
Indies (UWI) Communications Studies Section (CSS)
had the chance to ask an American media executive
what it was like to cover Barack Obama's 2008 US
presidential campaign. On Thursday 5th March,
2009, CNN Political Director and Vice President of
Washington programming, Mr. Sam Feist visited the
UWI St Augustine Campus to converse with students
about the impact of recent new technology and social
media on the recent American presidential elections.
An audience of over 100, including UWI students,
staff, members of the local media and the public,
gathered at the Learning Resource Centre (LRC) for
Feist's presentation on the impact of new media on
American politics and the 2008 election. Describing
the 2008 elections as "truly the first election in the
digital era," Feist highlighted the significant impact that
emerging technology had had on President Obama's
2008 campaign, with respect to soliciting funds,
liaising with voters and creating conflict involving his
The CNN Director closed his presentation
by emphasising the importance of journalists in
the political forum. He stressed that journalism
was "absolutely essential to the functioning of a
democracy," and encouraged students present to get
involved in what he termed an "incredibly rewarding
"I felt right at home at UWI and hope to have an
opportunity to work with [the University] again," the
CNN Director said in his closing remarks. He added
that he found it "exhilarating" to chat informally with
staff and students after the event.
Feist spoke at the invitation of Dr Godfrey Steele,
Sam Feist, CNN Political Director and Vice President
of Washington programming at The UWI Communications Forum
Coordinator of Communications Studies, as part of
what is being termed a "Communication Forum",
an ongoing Communications Studies initiative now
being developed in close collaboration with the
Communication Students Association (CSA).
Reflecting on the success of the forum, Dr Steele
said, "It helped us to grasp and critique the impact of
new media in reinforcing the role of mainstream media
in journalism. We have also learnt much from the
experience and our students have gained a great deal
of resume-friendly experience on event planning an
organizing. It's also a good orientation to professional
communication, career education and the world of
The Communication Forum began in late 2008,
to create a space for informed and critical public
discussion about selected communication issues and
to provide a basis for policy-making and research.
CSS faculty and staff partner with the CSA and
other interested persons and organisations who
can contribute theoretical and practical knowledge,
expertise and experience to the discussion. To
date, Communication Forum guests have included
representatives from the Media Association of Trinidad
and Tobago (MATT) and the Telecommunications
Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT).
Sam Feist is responsible for overseeing all of
the network's political and election coverage. He
previously managed the production of the popular
newcasts'Inside Politics' and'Crossfire'. Prior to joining
'Crossfire', Feist was the founding executive producer
of CNN's daily newscast'Wolf Blitzer Reports'. He also
served as the executive producer of CNN's weekend
programs'Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer','The Capital
Gang' and'Evans & Novak.'
For further information on the Communications Forum,
please call the Faculty of Humanities and Education at (868) 662-2002 Ext. 3867 or email Jason.Leach@sta.uwi.edu
6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
That she wrote poetry when she did not wish to
be understood, but turned to prose when she wished
the world to understand what she was writing. That
she was regarded by her undergraduate classmates
at UWI Mona as least likely to succeed. That one
of those classmates- Trinidadian writer Wayne
Brown-eventually told her that she was a prose writer
not a poet.
There are a hundred interesting things about
Rachel Manley that have nothing to do with the fact
that her grandmother, Edna, was one of the most
significant patrons of Caribbean art, or that her father
and grandfather, Michael and Norman, are two giants
of Caribbean politics.
"I come from giants but I am not a giant,' she tells
me. "I write about giants."
It's true. Her newest book, Horses in Her Hair,
is the third in a trilogy about one of Jamaica's most
influential families-her own.
"The first book, Drumblair, is the story of the
federal years and my grandfather, N.W. Manley. The
second book, Slipstream, is the story of my beloved
father, Michael, and my nursing him through the last
months of his illness. Horses was supposed to be the
third book in the trilogy, but my father went and died,
and I didn't know what to do with my grief. It was so
enormous. So I wrote it out in that book [ Slipstream],
then I turned to my grandmother, Edna Manley."
But, she tells me, she's not here to promote her
new book, but as a special guest in The University of
the West Indies Department of Liberal Arts' Campus
Literature Week, which ran from Monday 2nd to Friday
6t March, 2009. Manley holds a BA (1969) from UWI
Mona Campus, Jamaica. In her regular life, when she's
not the guest of honour at a celebration of Caribbean
literature, or guest lecturing in UWI undergraduate
and MFA (Masters in Fine Arts) writing classes,
Manley writes books and teaches creative writing at
Lesley University, Massachusetts, USA. The classes are
conducted by distance over the internet, giving Manley
the liberty to write and teach at the same time.
"It's perfect," she says, reflecting on a life divided
between North America where she writes and teaches,
and Jamaica where she lives.
"Home will always be Jamaica. But I cannot write
a line in Jamaica. I'm too busy with my friends, my
family, everybody's problems, everybody's joys and
successes. You know, you just live. I do my living in
Jamaica and my work in Toronto."
I asked why she, like many other Caribbean artists,
found it easier to work abroad than at home.
"In Canada, if you're a young aspiring writer, there
are granting agencies that will give you money. You
may have to get a part-time job, but they subsidise
you, so you can sit and write. And there are writing
programmes that you can go to."
There's no comparison, she said, to what obtains
in the Caribbean, which is probably why so many of
our artists flock to the north.
"It's very hard to go out and write and have a job
and bring up children. Writing's a full-time job. But
you're not getting [cash] advances where you can just
sit back, take your time and things are just looked after.
Naipaul, Walcott, the great ones, get good advances, but
they had times when they didn't get advances. It's just
grueling hard work. Walcott, for years, was just fighting
with his plays and his poetry. It took years."
Although, when it comes to artistry, a little
suffering could be a good thing, she said.
"And I think there has to be a little bit of suffering in an artist. There has to be a little bit offriction
and difficulty and hardship. Life can't be too good to you, and you shouldn't be too rich.
You don't speak the truth when you're rich. You don't need to. It's easier not to."
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 7
"I think there has to be a little bit of suffering in
an artist. There has to be a little bit of friction and
difficulty and hardship. Life can't be too good to you,
and you shouldn't be too rich. You don't speak the
truth when you're rich. You don't need to. It's easier
I asked whether UWI, with its expanding academic
options and popular writing workshops, was doing
enough for literary art in the Caribbean. The problem,
she said, wasn't literary but mathematical.
"Universities never actually do enough for the
artists. That's just a fact. These are small islands, and
the majority of human beings are not artists. Artists
will always be a minority, which is why they're an
oddity. So you couldn't ask a university to take limited
funds and concentrate, in the way that would be ideal,
on the artist. That wouldn't be fair. The community
has to be served."
Manley, who was "very pleased" to come down
to the St Augustine Campus and teach a Caribbean
class, as part of this initiative by Caribbean writers for
Caribbean writers, sounded decidedly optimistic about
the talent resident at the UWI MFA programme, and
she seemed happy about the very existence of these
programmes at UWI St Augustine. But she does feel
that the University should go one step further.
"I would like to see Creative Writing offered
in all the [Caribbean] islands at an undergraduate
level. By the time you've reached graduate level, the
weight of the world is on you and it's much harder. At
undergraduate level, your professional life is ahead of
you, and there are many young people who know they
have this talent in them but they just need somebody to
spot it and encourage it. And I think that at that stage,
at undergraduate level, we should have people asking
them,'Have you tried Creative Writing?'"
SPAKN TOTH SOU
Capu itrue Week
BY RHODA BHARATH
When it started 11 years ago it was meant to
be just a reading by Kamau Brathwaite. Professor
Ken Ramchand had been Head of Department then
and had asked Dr Funso Aiyejina to co-ordinate the
reading. Aiyejina, now a professor and Dean of the
Faculty of Humanities and Education, remembers,
"I suggested that rather than just have a Brathwaite
reading, we should consider establishing a Campus
Literature Week (CLW) as a venue for showcasing
the literary talents of students, staff and the wider
society with Brathwaite doing the gala reading."
The department liked it, but he had to run with
the idea on his own, doing most of the planning
and implementation with help from a small team
that included the librarian in control of the third
floor and administrative assistants from the Liberal
Arts Department. The eventual format was a series
of noontime readings during Literature Week, and
on the Friday evening a gala reading featuring the
Brathwaite turned out to be a no-show that
year due to eye surgery and Earl Lovelace, who
had agreed to be on standby, became the first guest
reader of Campus Literature Week. Lovelace has
since been the guest reader and writer-in-residence
three times. In CLW's 11-year history the guest
reader list has been pretty impressive with the likes
of Jan Carew, Olive Senior (twice) Austin Clarke,
Lawrence Scott, Erna Brodber, John Stewart and,
more recently, Rachel Manley gracing the stage.
Aiyejina is careful to add, "In addition to giving
public readings, our guest writers are required
to meet with our students to talk about their
writing and literature. They are also required to
give television and print interviews to sensitise
the public to their work and to generate public
interest in literature. Most significant, the noontime
reading during the week became a testing ground
for writers who wished to get feedback on their
But eventually the guest reader had a larger role
to play at the campus; because, in September 2002
the St. Augustine campus launched its Masters in
Fine Arts degree in Creative Writing and the role
of the guest reader morphed into that ofWriter-in-
Residence. Commonwealth awardee Olive Senior
served as the first Writer-in-Residence in February
- March of 2003; and so instead of a two-week
stint, the stay was extended to two months. Much
of that time would be spent doing workshops
with members of the MFA programme. CLW
took on added significance as it became part of
the practical training of the writers in the MFA
programme because marketing and co-ordinating
the programme as well as doing public readings of
their work became the responsibility of the writing
students. That programme has since produced
When asked if he was pleased with the changes
that had come to CLW, Aiyejina had this to say,
"There have been lots of innovations because of
Campus Literature Week. Lovelace has shared the
stage with Ella Andall; Olive Senior with Samantha
Pierre. Olive even read at Matura High School. I
have seen the audience grow from a handful at
lunchtime to as many as 70 listeners and a packed
audience at the gala reading. The roll call of writers
who have read during the noontime sessions is a
who's who list of emergent writers in Trinidad and
Tobago. Campus Literature Week can also boast of
providing a stage for many student writers from
other Caribbean countries. It is heartwarming to
have provided a stage for the likes of Muhammad
Muwakil and his U-We Speak Poets."
He concluded by saying, "For me literature
is the art which captures the emotions, feelings,
moods and aspirations of a society. A society
without a literature is a soulless society. It is my
hope that Campus Literature Week will continue
to grow and promote literature to guide us in
interrogating our emotions and aspirations."
Nuff said, Prof, nuff said.
(left) Rachel Manley
and Earl Lovelace,
both have been guest
readers at the Campus
8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
"What do you do?"
"Oh, I drive a maxi taxi," replied
Time passed; the child entered
Naparima Boys' College and recalled that
his uncle had gone there too.
"So you didn't get any passes?"
Uncle Dave just nodded and smiled.
About the time he was doing his
A-Levels, his father called him one day
to see Uncle Dave on television. It was
around 1989, during a Dengue outbreak
in Trinidad and Uncle Dave was being
interviewed as an expert on mosquito
"You mean Uncle Dave is a doctor?"
Almost as invisibly as the mosquitoes
he's been studying for twenty years, Dr
Dave Chadee has been doing pioneering
research on the annoying, and in the case
ofAedes aegypti, deadly insects that are a
growing plague to modern society.
Little is know locally of his work that
has contributed significantly to refining
methods to eradicate and control Aedes
aegypti in particular, the source of four
known serotypes of Dengue Fever (DF),
and their potentially fatal complications:
Dengue Haemmorhagic Fever (DHF)
and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), and
Internationally, however, Dr Chadee's
work is so highly regarded that he was
asked to collaborate with a team from
Tulane University in New Orleans in
developing a lethal ovitrap, a device
designed to trap eggs and kill the laying
mosquitoes, and for this work the team has
received a grant of TT$1.5 million from
the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Entomology, the study of insects,
is not a calling that comes to many. For
Dave Chadee it was not so much a call as
a scream. He remembers the fright and
the awe with the clarity of someone who's
identified a defining moment in life.
He'd been playing around a chenette
tree, and with a four-year-old's innocent
impetuosity, he hugged the trunk.
Unbeknownst to him, the tree was
ringed with caterpillars and their spiny
bristles stung the affectionate arms
pressed against them. As he screamed
and thrashed about wildly, his school
principal father came running home,
recognising his offspring's wails in that
discerning way of parents. By then the
child was slashing away at the caterpillars
with his chenette branch stick. His father
soothed his wounds then took him back
to the scene. He got a jar, filled it with it
some leaves and placed the caterpillars
carefully inside. Daily, they would inspect
it and replace the leaves. One day, they
seemed dead and he grew sad (they were
pupating) but his father advised that they
keep observing a little more. Finally, their
vigilance was repaid.
Butterflies! Beautiful mint green
butterflies, the most gorgeous creatures
he had ever beheld, and Chadee was
hooked for life.
Dr Dave Chadee has spent 20 years on the trail of the maddening insect
STORIES BY VANEISA BAKSH
He left their cocoa estate in Tableland
and went off to Dalhousie University to
do a BSc in Entomology,but was advised
that if he wanted to do real research on
mosquitoes he had to go to the tropics.
So it was back to Trinidad. Although
the Aedes aegypti had been deemed
eradicated in the sixties, by the late 1970s
they had returned.
When he returned, and joined the
Ministry of Health in 1979, it was the
middle of a Yellow Fever outbreak. From
a research perspective, he could not have
timed it better.
Since then, he's done countless
studies and collaborated with several
others to examine possibly every aspect
of this particular mosquito's existence.
Given the nature and intimacy of his
work, it is tempting to say that Dr Chadee
knows every mosquito by first-name- he
could probably tell you which mosquitoes
bit him when he got Dengue twice.
He knows when and under what
conditions they prefer to lay eggs. He
knows what environments attract them.
He knows what chemicals are toxic
to them and which they have become
immune to. He knows the climactic
conditions under which they thrive.
Dr Chadee has also studied the impact
of chemical usage on vector control
He's even researched their travelling
habits, and wrote papers for the Mosquito
News when he was at the Insect Vector
Control Division (IVCD) of the Ministry
of Health in the eighties that tracked
how they were entering the country via
planes and boats. It conjured up images
of the pests decked off with sunglasses,
having their passports stamped and
buzzing off merrily. (They were found to
be arriving in large numbers when used
car tyres were imported.) From 1965 to
1974, 89,863 aircraft were examined for
insects at Piarco, and the IVCD recorded
967 specimens, representing eight orders,
from this survey alone.
Indeed, since 1939, the IVCD had
been "maintaining entomological
surveillance at Piarco International
Airport" reported Dr Chadee and Ashton
Le Maitre for the Mosquito News, making
the IVCD sound like spies. You have to
remember this was the beginning of
the war, and with American and other
soldiers based in T&T, particularly in
Chaguaramas,there was a concerted effort
to manage the spread of Malaria, Yellow
Fever and Dengue. That is why in 1941
the Rockefeller Foundation undertook
a Malaria survey at American bases and
formed a local Malaria Division that
concentrated on mosquito eradication.
They were then using DDT
and Dieldrin as the chemicals of choice
(Paul Muller was awarded the Nobel
Prize in 1948 for his discovery of DDT's
effectiveness against anthropods), but
by the late fifties, the mosquitoes were
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 9
Dr Dave Chadee in his lab feeding the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes a
'blood meal' from his arms...all in the name of research. He's had
Dengue Fever twice already, once in Haiti.
resisting the harms of DDT and subsequent questions
about its impact on the wider environment restricted its
use. So they started using Dieldrin and copper sulphates
in bromeliads, and Malaria oils. The Malaria Division
was fairly large, around 250 staff continuously doing the
rounds and by 1965, Trinidad and Tobago was declared
free of Malaria and the intensity of the programmes
dwindled; people were redeployed and the mosquitoes
began sneaking back in at the wharves through boats
from Venezuela and the airports on planes mainly from
the Caribbean and Latin America.
His research has not ignored the outbreaks of Dengue
Fever worldwide. Along with Dr Rohit Doon and David
Severson, he came up with a novel population sampling
method for Dengue fever cases using a cardinal points
approach, which saves time and cost by understanding
the flight patterns of the mosquitoes and the range within
which they move.
In conjunction with Balkaran Shivnauth, Samuel
Rawlins and Anthony Chen, he has produced a paper
published in the Annals of Tropical Medicine and
Parasitology on "Climate, mosquito indices and the
epidemiology of dengue fever in Trinidad (2002-
So although he's kept a low profile, mosquitoes and
mosquito researchers worldwide consider the Chadee
name as one at the forefront of the Dengue battle.
A major component of the science behind the
development of the ovitrap (for which the Gates
Foundation awarded the grant) is based on Dr Chadee's
research on the egg-laying behaviour of the Aedes
aegypti mosquitoes. His studies determined the time
mosquitoes lay eggs and the place and type of containers
used by gravid (pregnant) female mosquitoes. These
studies led to the development of a laboratory assay for
evaluating different attractants and deterrents for all
mosquito species which lay eggs in artificial containers.
The attractants used for the development of the lethal
ovitraps have also been evaluated using the assay method
developed by Dr Chadee.
It has been work done at great personal risk, but
Chadee is as persistent as a mosquito, and that's how a
caterpillar becomes a butterfly.
From her Facebook album: The late Camille Ramcharan (left) on the UWI campus, with fellow Engineering students
Sharda Mohammed, Rachel Thomas and Varsha Siewnarine. Her photo albums are still posted up on the social networking site.
When Camille Ramcharan, an Engineering student
at The University of the West Indies, died from Dengue
Haemmorhagic Fever (DHF) in December 2008,
it triggered protests in her hometown of Frederick
Settlement in Caroni. Residents complained that health
officials were neglecting the area.
Camille's father, Freddy, her mother, Joy and her
uncle and aunt had been attacked by the Dengue Fever
virus; the prevalence was undeniable. Her brother,
Mitch, described the anguish they felt when in the space
of just days, Camille succumbed to DHF, after being
misdiagnosed with acute appendicitis as she lay dying.
Camille was only 22, with a life full of promise, and
although it will bring little comfort to her family and still
grieving friends, neither her death, nor the protests, went
unnoticed. Following concentrated action on the area,
the Insect Vector Control Division (IVCD) reported a
major reduction in the mosquito density from an Aedes
aegypti index of 8% to >1%.
Camille's impact on her many friends was poignantly
revealed when one of them from primary school, Sasha
Nagassar, was asked to share her memories of Camille.
A band often turned up, and all were practically in tears
as they recalled the joyful creature.
Describing Camille as funny, vivacious, hard-
working and a deeply loyal friend, they agreed that her
generosity was such that she would always drop what
she was doing to help anyone in need. When her brother
Mitch was very ill earlier last year, Camille had been
prepared to stop attending classes at UWI just to be able
to look after him.
She wanted to be a geo-technical engineer, they
said...and a mum. She even had her daughter's name
picked out: Haley Joy. The group, ranging across faculties
from engineering, natural sciences, social sciences and
medical sciences, couldn't believe how quickly everything
happened. Camille, like her campus-mates had been
in the midst of exams; they were already planning for
graduation, and beyond.
It is hard to accept the death of a loved one, for
these students it was a shock from which they have not
recovered. Sasha said when she visited Camille's parents
two weeks ago, everybody cried.
"We were together everyday," said Shivani Dial,
"like sisters.' Now all their activities are punctuated
by memories of the last times they were shared with
"She loved pink, girlie stuff," says Shivani, so when
they go to the mall, they instinctively know exactly what
would have caught Camille's eye.
"It seems silly," says Ambica Sahatoo, "but I used to
call her phone just to hear her voice message."
The emotions on hearing of her death remain
embedded. "It was one of those times you remember
everything you were doing at the exact moment," said
Her death has brought her friends closer together
and created a surprising and touching pact.
"We decided that if we had daughters, we would all
name them Camille, and hope that they would have some
of her qualities."
* MILLIONS AFFECTED
The figures relating to Dengue Fever (DF)
globally are startling. Every year,an estimated 50-100
million cases are reported within the geographical
area known as the 'dengue belt' (within which the
Caribbean falls) and another half a million cases of
Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue
Shock Syndrome (DSS).
Researchers have been trying to find multi-
faceted ways to control its occurrence, because the
extermination of the mosquitoes responsible for
the virus, Aedes aegypti has been an elusive and
The research has included seeking to develop
vaccines, improving patient care at medical facilities,
and eradicating the mosquitoes themselves.
Professor Surujpaul Teelucksingh of the Medical
Sciences Faculty of the University of the West Indies,
has spent years researching cases of DF,DHF and DSS
to help find ways to treatthe virus,which is potentially
fatal when the complications set in.
The virus comes in four types,and you can only
get each one once (like chicken pox), but whenever
you've had it once,your chances of developing DHF
or DSS are significantly increased.
For some time, only serotypes 1, 2 and 4 had
been found in Trinidad and Tobago, but according to
Prof Teelucksingh,Type 3 has also now come to T&T.
Wheneverthere is an outbreak,it is usually caused by
one strain at a time, he says.
The Ministry of Health had reported 3,832
identified cases of Dengue Fever for 2008, but
complete figures are difficult to obtain because
dengue is not required to be reported when
seen by private practitioners, and some cases are
misdiagnosed,and unofficially, the figures are closer
"During a dengue epidemic there is the double
danger: one of over-diagnosis and the risk of missing
other life-threatening conditions, e.g. leukaemia,
and the other, the risk of complicated dengue itself.
Misdiagnosis of dengue during an epidemicwould be
unusual," says Prof Teelucksingh, but it happens,as it
did in the case of Camille Ramcharan,who had been
a student at the UWI.
Prof Teelucksingh had tracked the appearance
of the first cases of DHF and DSS in Trinidad and
Tobago and in a paper on the subject he looked at
the fives cases which had been seen in 1992 and
1993 inTrinidad,and noted that there were difficulties
with diagnosis because of the features of "acute
Noting that the risk factors for DHF and DSS
included "endemicity, co-circulation of multiple
dengue types and ethnicdiversity,"ProfTeelucksingh
recommended that "diagnostic and clinical
management skills of health care providers must
be enhanced to ensure early diagnosis and effective
All the researchers on the subject agree that it is
an area needing action on several fronts.Communities
mustdo their parttowards keeping theirenvironments
clean and free of the kinds of containers mosquitoes
love to use as breeding grounds, such as used tyres,
barrels,drums and plastic bottles.Governments need
to facilitate education and clean-up campaigns and
have vector control units continuously involved in
Dr Chadee is a part of the effort at mosquito
eradication; Prof Teelucksingh is part of the effort to
improve health care (he will soon be publishing his
latest research); the rest of us have to play our part
in maintaining healthy community environments;
because dengue can kill,all it takes is one bite.
10 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
Mr. Derek Chin, Executive Chairman of
Movie Towne addressing the audience of over
800 students at the WOW Seminar
Prof Patrick Watson (at podium) enjoys the response to a question from the audience of David Dulal-Whiteway (right),
while the other SALISES panellists: Dr De Lisle Worrell, Winston Dookeran and Minister Mariano Browne listen intently.
The University of the West Indies (UWI) Sir
Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies
(SALISES) hosted a public forum on Friday February
6,2009 that brought together new Trade and Industry
(and Finance) Minister Mariano Browne, Mr David
Dulal-Whiteway, Managing Director of Republic
Bank Limited (RBL), Mr Winston Dookeran, former
Governor of the Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
and Dr De Lisle Worrell, Executive Director of the
Caribbean Centre for Money and Finance.
The SALISES forum gave these four financial
sector experts the opportunity to discuss the state of
the financial sector in Trinidad and Tobago with the
public. Coming on the heels of recent and dramatic
upheaval in the local financial sector, the SALISES
forum was free and open to the public, and intended
to offer a critical analysis of the current national
"One of the lessons that has quickly emerged over
the last week is the fact that trust is something that
takes a long time to build but it is something that can
be destroyed very quickly'" said Mr. Dulal-Whiteway,
who is also the immediate past president of the
Bankers' Association of Trinidad and Tobago.
While Mr. Dulal-Whiteway described trust
and confidence as "the cornerstone" of the finance
sector, Mr. Browne-a former RBL Financial
Comptroller-asserted that Government's actions
have been designed precisely to maintain confidence
Former Indian Cricket Captain Nariman Contractor,
returned to T&T to support the Blood Drive.
and preserve trust. Mr Browne said that although there
were "serious practical issues involved in regulating a
diversified conglomerate'" he recognized the need for
Government "to be decisive and to make an important
and determined intervention."
The Forum was opened by SALISES Director,
Professor Patrick Watson, following which Dr Worrell
started the formal discussion by placing the recent
developments in CL Financial in perspective. DrWorrell
said that the unfolding CL Financial phenomenon was
not isolated but could have implications for the wider
national economy, since the perceived failure of CLICO
could potentially shake the country's financial stability,
and it was "a regional financial problem".
Mr. Dookeran questioned whether the liquidity
and prudential risks in CLICO and British American
could have been dealt with in a way that did not create
instability in the wider system.
"My suggestion is that it was possible to identify
and separate the risk facing CLICO Investment Bank
(CIB) and CLICO. In other words, could we have
disaggregated the risks facing the financial institutions
without throwing the entire system into a confidence
challenge?" Dookeran asked the capacity audience.
The presentations were followed by an open
Question and Answer session, which was moderated by
Professor Watson, who later described the interaction
between the public and the panelists in the Forum as
On Wednesday 11th March, 2009, the 1st Annual
Sir Frank Worrell Memorial Blood Drive was officially
launched at a media conference held at the Century
Ballroom, Queen's Park Oval, Port-of-Spain at 1:30
p.m. The media conference served as a precursor
to the Blood Drive, which was held on Friday 13th
March at The University of the West Indies (UWI),
St. Augustine Campus.
Speakers at the media conference included
Professor Baldwin Mootoo, Chair of the Sir Frank
Worrell Memorial Committee and Dr. Kenneth
Charles, Medical Director of the National Blood
Held in conjunction with the Ministry of Health
and The University of Trinidad and Tobago, the Blood
Drive,has an interesting history that dates back to an
The University of the West Indies (UWI),
St. Augustine, in conjunction with Republic
Bank Limited (RBL) and the UWI Alumni
Association (T&T chapter), recently hosted the
2009 edition of the innovative World of Work
(WOW) programme. The annual World of Work
programme is designed to equip final-year UWI
students with tools for long-term success in
the globalised work environment. WOW 2009
got into high gear this month with the WOW
Recruitment Fair, which took place from March
11 to 13 at the UWI Sport and Physical Education
The Recruitment Fair showcased over 50
companies and organisations from a variety
of fields seeking to recruit students for either
vacation or graduate employment. The Fair
allowed students the opportunity to interact
and explore possible job sources with a host of
Since 2002, Republic Bank has proudly
supported UWI and the WOW programme as
a driving part of the former's social investment
initiative the Power to Make A Difference.
Dating back over 60 years, since the inception
of the Bank's UWI Branch, Republic and
the UWI have shared the common goal of
student development through a proactive and
Students participating in the WOW 2009
Recruitment Fair had previously attended
the Resume Writing Workshop which taught
students how to make their resumes more
competitive in the global job market, the Mock
Interview Sessions and the WOW Seminar.
incident from the 1962 Indian cricket team's tour of the
West Indies. Then captain, Nariman Jamshedji"Nari"
Contractor was injured in a match and required several
blood transfusions and two emergency surgeries to
save his life. Sir Frank Worrell volunteered to be the
first blood donor, in a move that crossed several of the
cultural and racial lines of that time. In recognition
of this act, since 1980, the state of West Bengal India
has held an annual blood donation day in Sir Frank's
Former Indian cricket captain Nariman Jamshedji
"Nari" Contractor, now in his late seventies came
to Trinidad to support the event. The blood drive
attracted many volunteers, including university
students and staff.
SALISES EXPLORES FINANCIAL CLIMATE AT FORUM
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 11
Sometimes, the right name can open revolutionary
doors. Jervae Caesar was given a master key when his
father, Eugene, named him Makandal after the 1970
revolutionary, Makandal Daaga, a friend and idol.
The bond between the two men was such that
when Eugene lay dying, he asked Daaga to take in his
estranged 16-year-old son, to whom he had not spoken
for years. Jervae had left home and was living on his
own, working at odd jobs while gradually dropping
out of school.
A formal education had never been regarded as
highly as survival skills by his father-a calypsonian
known as the Puppetmaster-and it was within this
realm that Jervae was focusing his considerable talent
A born performer, with never a butterfly to make
his stomach skittish, he had been singing songs written
by his father since he was four. At Sangre Grande Junior
Secondary and later, Arima Senior Comprehensive,
it was more important for him to enter calypso
competitions, and when he failed all his subjects at
CXC, it didn't trouble him deeply.
Already on his own since he was 13, writing his
own songs since the break-up with his father, he was
crafting an independent life in show business and
nothing related to school fitted in with that trajectory.
But life has a way of throwing up critical interventions,
and Jervae's came when first his grandmother, then his
father died. He'd finally visited Eugene the day before he
died, and his father's last request led to a transforming
pact between Makandal and Makandal.
Daaga, a national figure as leader of the National
Joint Action Committee (NJAC), a political party
formed in the tumultuous 1970s, took his responsibility
seriously and began the difficult task of persuading his
namesake to come and live with him and his family
Jervae wouldn't do it at first, but Daaga was able to
persuade him to try over two subjects at CXC: Social
Studies and Principles of Business. To Jervae's own
surprise he passed them, and this was the opening
Daaga needed. He challenged him.
Jervae loves nothing more than a challenge, and so
he accepted the proposal that if he moved in with the
Daaga family-the matriarch Liseli and two of their
three children: Makandal and Karomana (Nefertari
was already a doctor in Washington) he would do
six subjects, and get them all. He did.
"I thought that was it," he says with a wry smile,
"only to find there was another challenge waiting."
"You're on a roll," said the elder Makandal. "You
have to go to UWI, so you have to do A-Levels."
Daaga had himself been a UWI student during the
1970 upheavals, often recalled as the Black Power
Jervae figured he would just go along.
"I got into it thinking I would just do A-Levels then
stop,' he said. "But after A-Levels, there was no turning
back." He'd come under the wing of Economics teacher,
Mervyn Elder, and there was no quibbling over what
he would study at the UWI. He is in his third year,
majoring in Economics with a minor in Finance, and
he wants to do an MSc in Economics.
But for him to get where he is now, there is no
doubt in his mind that it was the influence of the Daaga
family and their stress on education, and the fact that
they embraced him from the beginning as if he were
truly one of their own. Given Daaga's formidable
history of community activities that seek to educate
and empower, it is not surprising that this was the
door he opened.
In August 2005, another of the revolution's key
figures, Raffique Shah reported on Daaga's comments
at Emancipation Day celebrations.
"He said that the entire system was stacked against
these people and their parents. The education system
failed them in that so many went through it gaining
no certification that would make them eligible for
higher education or for jobs. Their living conditions
have remained the same for 30-plus years, even as they
witnessed other communities rising from mangrove
This was the learning environment that Jervae
had been reluctantly catapulted into. It was three
Makandals living in one hole; the potential for discord
was enormous. But with the very active National
Action Cultural Committee (NACC) organising several
competitions and events, he found a way to continue
along the path he loved best and their relationships
"My educational component developed: writing
skills, social skills, I was with a group of individuals
all doing different things with the NYAC [National
Youth Action Committee], charity concerts, literacy
centres...I got big responsibilities and that helped
my maturity," he says. At all levels of the NACC's
competitions: Pioneers, Jewels, Juniors, Pathfinders,
Stars of Tomorrow and the biggie, Young Kings, Jervae
got involved. He judged some of the junior categories
and found it was invaluable in deepening his analytical
Jervae was on a learning curve that has grown so
steeply, it is phenomenal.
Today, as an economics student at the University
of the West Indies, who is also the 2009 Young Kings
champion for his song, "Buy Local," he is planning
ahead. He wants to get into developmental economics
and has some theories he would like to explore,
especially regarding the role of the "common man in
"We find ways for people to interact with
technocrats,' he says. "I think we have to find ways
to change that approach to economic governance (to
have it flow in the opposite direction as well)...the
importance of terms such as mobility, consultation
and participation. I would like to show that, like
consumption, they can be economic constants."
His experience at UWI as a student has convinced
him that the economic concept of the production
possibility function, where there is a gap between
potential and actual growth, exists on a large scale. And
here, his NJAC exposure suddenly flashes out.
"The Guild [of Students] has the ability to
command and influence the nation and national
policies. The institution should be thinking along
the lines of a national student body encompassing
tertiary, secondary and primary levels." He pauses
contemplatively, "It should be regional too."
He feels the University's long-held "monopoly"
has made it somewhat unresponsive to the needs
and demands of Caribbean people, though he senses
"All is not lost,' he declares, talking about attending
a function at which an address by Campus Principal,
Professor Clement Sankat, gave him hope that there
was some understanding of the changing demands,
and he thinks it is heading in the right direction.
"I take pride in knowing I am a student. One day I
will be a past student and it is in my interest to see UWI
continue to rise. This is the pride I want. I want to see
a closing between the potential and the actual."
Jervae Makandal Caesar epitomises the fulfilment
of that potential, and is a reassuring symbol that all is
indeed not lost.
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PATTMEUDRRAUT APIAIOSOENUTL MRH31 09
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 13
BY RHODA BHARATH
Trinbagonians tend to have a serious love-hate
relationship with Carnival. Every year we read her
many death announcements. From loudspeaker vans
driving through neighbourhoods, we invite everyone
to her funeral: no flowers by request. Carnival holds
such a special place that despite not being officially
public holidays it is considered a national festival,
even by people who don't participate. Regardless of
their feelings they factor in those two days into their
conscious and unconscious plans, and that's all that
Carnival's success and innovativeness in any given
year become the gauge for us to assess our progress.
We look at how many calypsoes we are hearing (and
what proportion of the music we hear can be called
calypso?) their calibre, the issues, and their relevance.
We assess the sweetness of the soca music: its appeal,
whether it is good for the road or a party, can we chip
or jump to it. We are obsessed with masquerade: beads,
feathers or cloth.
Long before Selwyn Ryan noted in his Sunday
Express column (March 1,2009), that there was a shift
in the target of the calypso offerings for the season,
it was apparent that there were a few things different
about Carnival 2K9. It appeared that the consumerism
and materialism that had been driving the mas for
such a long time have become boring, redundant, and
some participants in the mas are beginning to desire
a return to roots.
With his third consecutive Band of the Year title,
Brian MacFarlane is developing a monopoly which
suggests that the judges appreciate his use of cloth,
theme and theatre in the masquerade as opposed to the
beads and feathers that are the normal fare with most
other bands. Certainly, the Peter Minshall influence is
most visible within MacFarlane's designs than in any
of the other productions.
Medium-sized band, The Krewe, also had
interesting costumes and presentations on the road
this year. In the hands of designers like MacFarlane and
Nicole McPherson, it seems the costume is beginning
to supersede the wearer/performer on the Carnival
stage, harking back to an era considered lost.
In his seminal and much quoted book Carnival
and Society in Pre-Independence Trinidad, Gordon
Rohlehr writes "...the lyrics were regarded...as
nonsensical, the melodies repetitive and tedious,
and the dancing [associated with the music] a mere
imitation on the part of both males and females, of
the act of coition."
Readers could easily assume that Rohlehr is
referring to the calypso form; in fact he is referring to
the calinda or stick-fight songs of the 1800s that went
on to form the roots of what we now know as calypso.
Soca music has long been vilified as being a lyrical
form that is empty of meaning and focused only on
pleasure and materialism. But there is a crop of soca
artists who are still making music.
Fay-Ann Lyons created history this year at the
International Soca Monarch Finals by making a clean
sweep of the competition. The Fay Ann phenomenon
began long before the competition and had nothing
to do with her pregnant state. She began her bid for
Road March with an unlikely song. "Meet Super Blue"
doesn't fit into the existing paradigms of Road March
contender or even the conventional soca tunes. It is a
song of affirmation as well as negation, and could easily
be considered an upbeat calypso. Lyons asserts herself
as an artiste in her own right, "Tell them I am not my
father.../Like me there will be no other."
"It appeared that the
materialism that had been
driving the mas for such
a long time have become
boring, redundant, and
some participants in the
mas are beginning to
desire a return to roots."
Throughout, Lyons shows that while she may be
Blue's offspring and possess his talent, she has come
into her own as an artist. Lyons goes on to challenge
her detractors by saying, "Who doh like me could
bite me...I am tough like iron/ When I finish they
will know/Why my name is Fay Ann Lyons". These
aren't the lyrics of the typical soca song, indeed Lyon's
only nod to the soca form throughout the song is the
repetition of "Hands in the air (keep moving don't
stop" throughout the chorus.
Bunji Garlin's "Clear De Road', KMC's "Yeast"
and Kees The Bands' "Thunder" don't quite fit the
formula of merely the mindless and pleasure seeking.
Kees The Band's "Thunder" raises the unlikely spectre
of Earl Lovelace's mulatto queen, Miss Cleothilda of
The Dragon Can'tDance fame, in a song that examines
one sheltered upper-class woman's foray into the heart
of Carnival. Miss Jane, who has clearly led a sheltered,
middle-class existence, finds release and rebellion in
the Carnival when she manages to escape into Port
of Spain. Miss Jane's emancipation revealed in her
"palancing about town" also has sexual connotations in
her newfound ability to shake her waist like thunder.
This song returns to the roots of rebellion in the
Carnival form for its inspiration. But, it also reveals
that class and colour are still issues here. Why is it that
Miss Jane is only now experiencing the joy of Carnival?
And why does she have to sneak out of her home to
enjoy it? And why is it significant that she is out in the
sun all day? After all, she does live in the Caribbean.
"Thunder" reminds us that all-inclusiveness as a
concept of exclusivity didn't start with fetes.
Despite their obvious soca rhythms "Clear de
Road" and"Yeast" are politically conscious songs. Bunji
Garlin takes on a serious issue, and while the song
deals mainly with social commentary, Garlin throws
a few jabs at the government. Poor drainage, poor
conservation habits, poor garbage disposal practices
and general negligence have led to a flooding problem
that rears its head every rainy season. The situation has
worsened to the point that in 2008 it seemed the entire
country, especially the city of Port of Spain, stood still
every time rain fell.
Don't tell me bout garbage
Don't tell me bout drain block
People want to party
Soon as you see the rain stop
While Garlin is expressing the reality of the poor
drainage system in Port of Spain, he also paints a picture
of a society that is more focused on self satisfaction
and frivolous issues than on communal responsibility.
The song describes a complete abdication of personal
responsibility and environmental awareness and
Garlin is disgusted by this attitude when he says in
his final verse, "Carnival 2009 looking like ass on top
"Yeast" by KMC is both social and political
commentary as he tackles the issue of worsening
world recession, the extent to which it has hit the
people of Trinidad and Tobago and the government's
unresponsiveness. KMC appeals to Mr Speaker, a
metonymical reference to the Prime Minister and other
key members of government. He complains about the
rising cost of living and inflation; and in true calypso
style incorporates wit, satire and humour by blaming
these changes on a yeast infection.
There have been numerous obituaries written for
Carnival. It seems the festival is either perpetually on
its last breath or clumps of dirt are falling on the coffin.
Yet every once in a while she manages to stick out her
tongue at us and remind us why she is here.
14 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
Dr Chidum Ezenwaka
Dr Paul Shaw Dr Jane Bryce
Dr Marvin Reid
Dr Vivienne Roberts
Dr Terrence Seemungal
The University of the West Indies (UWI) has
promoted six Senior Lecturers to the rank of
Professor, three from St Augustine and one each
from Mona (Jamaica), Cave Hill (Barbados) and the
Open Campus. On Monday 9th February, University
Registrar and Director of Administration, Mr C.
William Iton, announced that the University Finance
and General Purposes Committee (F&GPC) had
endorsed the decision of the University Appointments
Committee to promote the six Senior Lecturers.
The three St Augustine Campus Lecturers who
have been promoted are Dr Terrence Seemungal
from the Department of Clinical Medical Sciences,
Dr Chidum Ezenwaka from the Department of Para-
Clinical Medical Sciences, and Dr Paul Shaw from
the Department of Food Production in the School of
Agriculture. Dr Seemungal has made an invaluable
contribution to the study of lung health. His work with
the academic group of Professor Wedzicha in London
contributed significantly to the body of knowledge of
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Dr Ezenwaka has a well-documented track record
of distinguished original contribution to diabetes
research, and continues to be a productive investigator.
For his expertise in this area, he enjoys international
recognition, and brings credit to his institution.
Dr Shaw is a well-respected scholar in the field
of environmental change, particularly in Africa.
He has many publications in international, peer-
reviewed journals, with generally high citation index
scores. His book reviews are scholarly, his conference
presentations numerous and he publishes and
collaborates with a large number of senior scientists
in the field of environmental change. As an authority
on the Kalahari, which covers a huge area of southern
Africa, Dr Shaw has an international reputation which
is second to none.
Promoted to Professor from the other Campuses
are: Dr Jane Bryce from the Faculty of Humanities and
Education in Cave Hill; Dr Marvin Reid, Director of
the Sickle Cell Unit of the Tropical Medicine Research
Institute at Mona; and DrVivienne Roberts, Deputy
Principal, Open Campus.
Dr Bryce has established a strong presence in the
field of African literary studies. She helped to produce
the first PhD student in African literature in 2006. Her
efforts go beyond simply teaching and writing about
African literature; she also works with publishers of
African literatures to bring new works to the public.
Dr Reid's contribution to education, both as
a teacher and trainer is exemplary. He contributes
significantly to undergraduate teaching of medical
students, on the MSc in nutrition, on the BSc in nursing,
to the supervision of PhD students and to the training
of Laboratory personnel in chromatography.
Dr Roberts writes about complex issues in a
clear and accessible style, an achievement requiring
considerable skill and effort. This style, which is one
of the defining qualities of much of Dr Roberts's
published work, affords her the possibility of engaging
a wide range of stakeholders in thinking and debate.
REACHING OUT TO SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Principal, Prof Clement Sankat is surrounded by his guests, principals of secondary schools around the nation.
The University of the West Indies (UWI) St
Augustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement
K. Sankat recently hosted several secondary school
principals at its first Secondary School Principals
Appreciation Day, on Tuesday 10th February, 2009
at the John F Kennedy (JFK) Auditorium. The
Appreciation Day was meant to provide a forum for
secondary school principals to interact with staff of
Seventy principals from five-year and seven-year
secondary schools across the country attended and
took part in a tour of the St Augustine Campus, which
included visits to the UWI Sport and Physical Education
Centre (SPEC), the new Student Administration
Building, the Main Library, the new Milner Hall of
Residence and the newly constructed teaching and
learning facility, Daaga Hall. One group also visited
the Faculty of Medical Sciences at the Eric Williams
Medical Sciences Complex in Mt Hope.
Afteragroup luncheon punctuatedbyentertainment
by Paul Keens-Douglas, the principals had an
opportunity to hear about the latest developments
and programmes at the St Augustine Campus. The
post-luncheon session included a Question and
Answer session and more live entertainment, this
time by 2009 Young Kings winner, Jervae Caesar. The
University intends to host the Appreciation Day once
every two years.
SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009 UWI TODAY 15
* LOK JACK GSB
MBA GRADS TOLD
IT'S A COLD WORLD
The University of the West Indies
(UWI) Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School
of Business (GSB) released another flock
of MBA Graduates in January 2009. The
ceremony took place at the Trinidad Hilton
and Conference Centre and was built on the
idea of "Making the Believable Achievable".
Mr. Charles Percy, Managing Director and
CEO, Methanex Trinidad Limited delivered
the feature address.
Percy addressed the current economic
concerns, telling the graduates, "The current
climate you face as you enter or re-enter
the business world is not just bleak-it's an
He spoke of the historic collapses of
Enron and WorldCom and reassured the
graduands that they made the right choice
in pursuing a postgraduate degree and that
their sacrifice was not in vain. He said,
"Your leadership work has only just begun,
and opportunities will unfold if you truly
follow your passion...but in these harsh
economic times, great leadership is more
critical than ever."
The Caribbean may soon see a new cadre of leaders
emerge in the field of health. This is the promise of
the Caribbean Health Leadership Institute (CHLI), a
subsidiary of The University of the West Indies (UWI).
CHLI is expected to enhance the skills and effectiveness
of Caribbean leaders in the Caribbean health sector,
including persons leading HIV/AIDS programmes.
On Friday 6th March, 2009, the Institute graduated its
first cohort in a videoconference ceremony broadcast
simultaneously throughout the Caribbean.
The CHLI graduation took place in five
synchronised ceremonies at the School of Clinical
Medicine and Research (Bahamas), as well as
UWI Campuses in Mona (Jamaica) and Cave Hill
(Barbados), the UWI Open Campus and the UWI
telehealth facility in the Eric Williams Medical Sciences
Complex, Mt Hope. CHLI (pronounced ch-lee) is
expected to interface with postgraduate academic
leadership programmes at UWI.
"Much is expected of you, because the Health
Services sector is always in need of high quality
leadership," said Prof Clement Sankat, UWI Pro Vice
meat and help increase the public's awareness about
the positive effects of rabbit meat consumption. It is for
this reason that the rabbit meat industry is booming
worldwide, with approximately over $150 million
spent in trade.
With the sumptuous displays of rabbit dishes,
guests were left re-thinking their food choices, as they
couldn't believe how versatile the meat was, and how
much it reminded them of chicken. The Department
hopes that the innovative event has convinced
members of the public to add rabbit meat to their
A leg of rabbit can become a staple of today's diet.
On Tuesday 10th March, 2009, dozens of students
of The University of the West Indies (UWI) took part
in a rabbit-cooking exercise designed to showcase the
versatility of rabbit meat. The exercise, which was
hosted by Department of Food Production, aimed to
teach University students how to prepare and consume
meals with rabbit meat as the main ingredient. Senior
Lecturer in the Animal Breeding and Genetics, Dr
Rajendra Kumar Rastogi, told attendees that rabbit
meat was a healthier choice than chicken, is high in
protein, and low in cholesterol, fat and sodium.
The organisers also hope to use this exercise to
dispel the negative connotations surrounding rabbit
Chancellor and Campus Principal, addressing the
small graduating group at the Trinidad location of
The Institute is the result of collaboration between
UWI and the UNC Gillings School of Global Public
Health. Its focus is not academic qualification, but
personal learning and acquistion of wisdom that can
be applied to workplace settings. CHLI is specifically
geared toward established and emerging leaders from
all areas of the health sector from all over the Caribbean,
with an initial emphasis on high level leaders and
managers. Programme coordinators are especially
interested in attracting persons directly involved in
the leadership of national HIV programmes as well as
from persons who oversee these programmes and who
determine policies and priorities in health care.
The ultimate aim of the Institute is to raise up a
cadre of leaders who will, in turn, contribute to the
improvement of national and regional health systems.
UWI Vice Chancellor, Prof E Nigel Harris, told the
entire graduating class that he hoped that they would
begin to work together to address issues of health
and to create best practices that will serve our region
"I hope that some of you go on to become teachers
and pass on what you have learned in this programme.
I am very hopeful that others like you will be able
to come forward and provide the leadership that is
necessary to transform health care in our region,' said
The emphasis on regional, rather than purely
national, development was highlighted by the
deliberate use of videoconferencing technology to
bring the entire class together for a truly Caribbean
event. University Registrar Mr C William Iton noted
that this was, as far as he knew, "the first time that
videoconferencing technology was being used in a
UWI graduation ceremony."
"We simply did not have the resources to bring
everyone together,' said Professor Brendan Bain, CHLI
Project Director, explaining that the application of
technology was deliberate, and in keeping with the
overarching aim to bring about change on the regional
For further information about the Caribbean Health Leadership Institute (CHLI),
please contact email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
1 CMPS EW
NEW LEADERS EME_,D\,(,3`E FOR CARIBBEAN HEALTH
16 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 22ND MARCH, 2009
UWI CALENDAR ofEVENTS
Sunday 22nd March, 2009
Queen's Hall, Port-of-Spain
"The Rainmakers" is a 45-minute production
integrating dance, drama and traditional
Carnival characters. It will be enacted by
Golden Hands Steel Orchestra and The
University's Department of Creative and
Festival Arts (DCFA) Percussion Ensemble.
"The Rainmaker" script is written and
directed by Franka Hills-Headley, founder
of Golden Hands, and includes nine original
neo-classical compositions for Steelpan and
Percussion Ensemble, composed by DCFA
Lecturer, Dr. Jeannine Remy. Tickets to see
"The Rainmakers" in concert are available at
DCFA Offices St. Augustine; Sanch Electronix,
Golden Hands Pan Theatre.
For further information
please visit: http://www.tobago.org/trinidad/
pan/rainmakers or kindly telephone 663-2222
or 662-2002 ext. 3791/3792.
SALISES 10th Annual Conference
Wednesday 25th to
Friday 27th March, 2009
UWI Cave Hill Campus, Barbados
The Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and
Economic Studies (SALISES) will host its 10th
annual conference from March 25th to 27th,
2009. This will take place at the UWI Cave
Hill Campus, Barbados. The theme of the
conference is "Navigating Risks and Building
Resilience in Small States.
For more information and updates check:
www. uwichill. edu. bb/salises
Or email email@example.com,
or call (246) 417-4477/8
or Fax: (246) 424-7291.
26th to 29th March and 2nd to 4th April
Learning Resource Centre (LRC), UWI,
St. Augustine Campus
$70 public; $60 Students.
The annual student-led production at
the Department of Creative and Festival
Arts (DCFA), will present "Fragments," a
contemporary performance celebrating
the theatrical scripts, essays and poems of
Caribbean Nobel Laureate, Derek Walcott.
"Fragments" incorporates dance, song,
mime, improvisation and spoken word in this
treatment of Walcott's works.
For further information,
please contact the DCFA office at 663-2222
(direct line) or 662-2002 ext 3791/3792/2510
or email: Marissa.Brooks@sta.uwi.edu
SEDU Annual Conference
Friday 27th March, 2009
9:00 a.m.to 2:00 p.m.
Faculty of Social Sciences Lounge
The theme for this conference is "Bridging
the Gap between Research and Policy for
Sustainable Development in Caribbean
Small Island Developing States (SIDS)." This
reflects the SEDUs continued efforts to deepen
discussions on how research institutions
such as SEDU, international organisations
such as UNESCO, and national and regional
civil society can collaborate to bridge the
gap between research and policy so that
our countries can meaningfully achieve
For further information, please contact
Donna Ramjattan or Jason Alexander at
(868) 662 2002 Ext. 2257; (868) 662 9461
or email Sed.Unit@sta.uwi.edu.
Criminology Conference 2009
Wednesday 8th to
Thursday 9th April, 2009
Institute of Critical Thinking,
UWI, St. Augustine Campus
The Criminology Unit of the Faculty of
Social Sciences will host "Criminology
Conference 2009" from Wednesday 8th
to Thursday 9th April 2009. The theme of
this conference is "Developing a Caribbean
Criminology." This conference is intended
to highlight the work done by scholars on
and about the Caribbean region as it pertains
to crime and justice. It is hoped that this
intellectual gathering would play its part in
developing the Caribbean Criminology that
was first championed by Kenneth Pryce in
For further information,
please check http://sta.uwi.edu/fss/
criminology/, or email us at CaribCrim.
Network@sta. uwi. edu.
Or call (868) 662-2002 ext 335
or Fax: (868) 662-0718.
Annual West Indian Literature
26th 29th April 2009
University of Guyana
The 28th Annual West Indian Literature
Conference 2009 will be held at the University
of Guyana from April 26-29, 2009 under
the title "Quiet Revolutions in West Indian
Literature and Criticism." The conference
theme for 2009 is designed to explore, among
many other things, the several developments,
preoccupations, forms or issues that may
reflect "quiet revolutions" in West Indian
literature and criticism. The conference
will also focus specially on Guyanese fiction
writer Edgar Mittelholtzer.
For further information,
please call Al Creighton Tel. 592 222 4923
or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org