Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block 12 – Lot 19
Title: Historic Colors of Spanish St. Augustine
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Historic Colors of Spanish St. Augustine
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block 12 – Lot 19
Physical Description: Brochure/pamphlet
Language: English
Copyright Date: Public Domain
Physical Location:
Box: 4
Divider: Parades-Dedge House, Lot 19 Block 12
Folder: Parades-Dodge Painting
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
54 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Parades-Dodge House
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 54 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896092 x -81.313202
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094126
Volume ID: VID00059
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B12-L19

Full Text




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Recreating the Colors
ofSpanish St. Augustine

Historically, whitewashes or limewashes
were much more common than oil based paint
(white lead mixed with linseed oil).
Whitewash was the premier preservative for
wood, especially important in the subtropics as
St. Augustine had limited timber resources.
Many colonial buildings and walls were
masonry, either quarried shell-stone (coquina)
or poured shell aggregate concrete (ripio,
piedra de ostion or tabby). Both coquina and
tabby are porous and function best when
sealed. Stucco, made by calcining seashells,
also required a sealing coat of limewash or
whitewash. Limewashes were also primarily
made from lime extracted from seashells.
White walls and buildings dominated but
archaeological records indicate that mustard
yellow, dark cobalt blue, ochre and other
pigments were occasionally added to tint the
basic whitewash and stucco. These colors
were usually deep and subdued. However,
"DeMesa House Pink" was identified by the
paint analysis. Since white was the most
commonly used base color, the use of any other
base color should be carefully considered.
Whitewashes were applied with coarse
brushes that left brush marks evident in the
surface. This effect can be obtained by using
specially formulated (thicker) paints. Paint
should not be applied too evenly but
workmanship should not appear crude. Due to

the effects of rain on whitewash, a streaked
look developed with the undersurface showing
through in places.
White walls were easily mud-splashed and
a horizontal band of darker paint about two to
three feet high, called a zocalo, was
occasionally used to lessen this effect. "King's
Bakery Black" has been documented as a
zocalo color, but other colors may be
Wood trim was usually painted with two
coats of oil based paint. Three coats usually
characterized the finest houses. Due to the use
of hog-hair bristle brushes, delicate
brushmarks (called ropiness) were evident in
the surface. On fine masonry houses the wood
trim doors, door frames, window frames and
sashes, shutters and balconies were usually
finished with glossy lead-in-oil paints.
Based upon paint analysis research, the
City of St. Augustine has created a palette of
authentic Spanish Colonial St. Augustine paint
colors. These colors may be used for the
restoration or reproduction of historic St.
Augustine architecture, or to beautify any
masonry or Mediterranean style building. St.
Augustine colors documented by paint
analysis and their contemporary counterparts
are outlined here, as are other Spanish Colonial
colors documented by archaeological

Historic Colors
of Spanish St. Augustine

San Augustin Canova House
'White White

KiJngs 2Bakery

tDeMesa flouse

Peck louse Gonzalez-Alvarez
Green Hlouse Grey

Paredes l-ouse

Solana House

Color chips approximate the actual paint color and
are subject to the effects of age, heat, and light. J

Historic Colors
ofSpanish St. Augustine
t I .5 Benjamin Sherwin
Color Name 4 & E Moore Williams
San Augustin Pure Pure
White White White
DeMesa House
Pink 038 BM-71-10
Fatio House Pink 054 --
King's Bakery
Coral 040
King's Bakery
Black 1652 ---
Canova House
White 935 94408
O'Reilly House
White 942 ---
House Grey 1474 BM-80-21
Fatio House Grey 1475 BM-80-22
Paredes House
Grey HC-105* BM-80-30
Fatio House Morris
Red * Town Red* 94325
Solana House
Brown 1259 ---
Peck House
Green 693 BM-78-8
Light Ochre** 144 BM-74-28
Ochre Tan** 222 94077
Dark Mustard** 182 94184
Terra Cotta** 105 94358
Medium Mauve** 1257 ---
Deep Mauve** 1258 ---
Clay Red** * 1204 BM-71-16
Maroon Red** * 1260 ---
Grey Blue** 744 ---
Shutter Blue** 748 ---
Note: Use flat finish for body and zocalo. Use semi-gloss and
gloss finish for trim.
*Custom Color
**Documented through archaeological research by the St
Augustine Archaeological Society and the Historic St.
Augustine Preservation Board.

The Nation's Oldest City

Founded in 1565 by Don Pedro Menendez
de Aviles, San Augustin was the capitol of
Spain's colony of La Florida. With Florida
ceded to Great Britain following the Seven
Years War, St. Augustine served as the capitol
of British EastFlorida from 1763 to 1783, then
returned, by treaty, to Spanish rule until
becoming a United States territory in 1821.
In the 16th Century, Spanish La Florida
reached as far north as the Chesapeake Bay,
with fortified outposts extending into central
Tennessee. Enclosed by palisades and
redoubts by 1740, the Walled City of St.
Augustine was the military hub of this region,
defended by the massive Castillo de San
Marcos. The English privateer, Sir Francis
Drake, burned the city in 1586, pirates sacked
it in 1668, South Carolinians besieged and
burned it in 1702, and British troops under
Oglethorpe bombarded it in 1740. Despite
fires, hurricanes and wars with the Indians,
French, Pirates and British, St. Augustine has
survived as the oldest continually occupied
European settlement in the United States,
retaining a unique heritage, culture and
architectural style.

St. Augustine's Spanish Past
RevealedThrougiPaint Research

In 1987, the St. Augustine Planning and
Building Department received grant monies
from the U.S. Department of the Interior,
through the Florida Bureau of Historic
Preservation, to research paint colors used
by the Spanish colonists. Previously, paint
colors used in restorations and
reconstructions were determined from
archival records, from use in other Spanish
colonies or from those commonly used on
later historic buildings. The restoration firm
of Buchanon, Seale, Phillips, Opperman
and Welsh was retained to analyze the
surfaces of fifteen colonial buildings.
The paint colors discovered are
representative of St. Augustine from about
1750 to the end of Spanish rule in 1821. This
analysis confirmed written accounts that
indicated the dominance of white masonry
walls and houses, lending early St.
Augustine the appearance of a
Mediterranean coastal town. However, a
new palette of colors used for trim and
woodwork was discovered.

St. Augustine City Commission

:Kenneth H. Beeson, Jr., Mayor
James Costeira, Vice-Mayor
John Gianotti
Vicki L. Sellner
Henry L. Twine -

Michael A. Rourke, City Manager

Coordinated by the
Planning and Building Department

Special acknowledgement is extended to
the firm of Buchanon, Seale, Phillips,
Opperman, and Welsh

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