Title: Belize ag report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094064/00008
 Material Information
Title: Belize ag report
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Belize Ag Report, Beth Roberson
Place of Publication: San Ignacio, Cayo, Belize
Publication Date: September 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094064
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The Belize Ag Report
Belize's most complete independent agricultural publication

-, .. New: online BEL-CAR tab wit)
S5 at: www.BelizeAgReport.com


h photos


New book describes Mennonites in Belize .......... 3
Certified citrus Nurseries ..................... 4
Swamp Thing .................................................... 8
Jatropha Processing Center at C/F............... 9
What's Diatomaceous Earth? .............................. o10
Alternative Animal Feed Sources ...................... 13
Corn, Corn, Corn........................................... 11,13,&21

arvesting Ag we

orom All of Beltie
Esperanza, Cayo District, 4th August 2010
4 BAHA and the
St Belize Poultry
SAssociation (BPA)
have implemented
the Belize Poultry
Improvement Plan
(BPIP) which is equivalent to the USA National Poultry
Improvement Plan (NPIP). Following attendance at the 2008
NPIP Conference in the USA, BAHA and BPA considered
it worthwhile to implement a similar plan in Belize. Thus,
the NPIP provisions were adapted to Belize by BAHA and
BPA officers then discussed with the hatcheries and broiler
breeders. Once consensus was obtained from all stakeholders,
initial Plan activities began in September last year.

by Armando Choco
TCGA General Manager
Toledo Cacao Growers Association is a
not-for-profit organization created in
1984 whose aim is to "Improve the socio-
economic standard of living of its members
through competitive and diversified system of production that
incorporates sound ecological practices". Today more than
1100oo subsistence farmers (primarily in Toledo and South
Stann Creek Districts) are engaged in cacao production. Its
members are divided into 52 communities in the Toledo, Stann
Creek and Cayo Districts who produce 47 tons of cacao beans

continued on page 18 continued on page 20

1 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

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2 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

New Book Describes Mennonites in Belize
Reviewed by Dennis Feucht
One of the ironies of life is that people who want to live quiet
lives, separated from much of what goes on in the world,
would attract so much attention. In the USA, the state of
Pennsylvania built a freeway addition for easier access by
tourists to the Amish in Lancaster county a county which a
decade ago would have been ranked tenth among the nations
of the world in agricultural output had it been categorized
as such. And now, the Mennonites of Belize are of interest
to Dutch sociologists who have spent time in Blue Creek,
Spanish Lookout, and other colonies, to observe and analyze
their ways. These are academic researchers whose new book,
Between Horse & Buggy and Four-Wheel Drive: Change
and Diversity among Mennonite Settlements in Belize,
Central America, edited by Carel Roessingh and Tanja Plasil
(VU University Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2009;
www.vuuitgeveri.nl) is an organized collection of reports from
the research project of VU University Amsterdam. It is written
by scholars and their students, "all non-Mennonite, unbiased
'outsiders looking in'".
To give the larger view of Mennonite colonies in Belize,
the book begins with a brief history of their founding, often
referring to scholarly studies made of Anabaptists in other
parts of the Americas. This history nicely complements that
in Gerhard S. Koop's self-published book, Pioneer Years
in Belize, published in 1991. It also contains a collection of
chapters in which some early Spanish Lookout Mennonites
recount their experiences from the late 1950s, when there was
a lot of mud to be slogged through in Spanish Lookout. The
more recent book, Spanish Lookout Since 1958: Progress in
Action, was published by the settlement on the occasion of

their 50oth-year anniversary. It provides yet more of the story
not found in either Koop's book or the Dutch study, and is
available at Harry Letkeman's Computer Ranch (823-0373) in
Spanish Lookout. Also available there are the CD recordings
of some of the 5oth-year celebratory events and history as told
by the Mennonites themselves. Koop's book, when in print,
is available at Peter Reimer's book store in Spanish Lookout
along with the Dutch book under review.
The book concentrates on four Mennonite settlements: Blue
Creek, Spanish Lookout, Shipyard, and Springfield. This
choice of colonies offers a diverse look, with the first two
having assimilated much of the generally available technology
while the last two retain pre-2oth-century technology.
The writers appear to have a substantial understanding of
Mennonite subculture including the Anabaptist Christian
outlook. They handle the worldview of Mennonites respectfully
and avoid opining about the relative merits of Mennonite
beliefs and practices. Indeed, they seem to be hopeful that
Mennonite culture will succeed, and analyze opportunities
that Mennonites in Belize have for growing their already
successful business efforts. Along with this, the sociologists
also recognize that Mennonites are not Mennonites for
business reasons and they spend substantial pages discussing
the impact that entanglement with social institutions outside
of their own groups have on their spiritual and social outlook
and practices.
Separate chapters are devoted to the four designated
settlements. While the research is on social aspects, the social
life in the settlements is affected by geography, climate, colony
layout, and other incidentals that set the stage for the social
events under study.
Continued on page o10

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3 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010


Better Coverage

in More Places

si l I 1 t I|

We yo ggeh

S ...,

Citrus Nurseries -
Notice to Citrus Nursery Owners,
Potential Nursery Owners and --
Citrus Growers
All nursery owners and growers are notified of the following:
1) Currently, there are no certified citrus nurseries in Belize. It
is against the laws of Belize to produce citrus trees in a nursery
that is not certified. Nursery owners are reminded that since
the discovery of Huanglongbing (HLB), a very serious bacterial
disease of citrus, all citrus plants must now be produced under
psyllid-proof screen (the psyllid is the insect that spreads the
HLB disease) in accordance with S.I. 122 of 2009 laws of
2) Before establishing a citrus nursery owners must complete
an application for submission to the Citrus Research and
Education Institute (CREI). This will register the nursery under
the Belize Citrus Certification Programme (BCCP) as mandated
under Chapter 211 of the Laws of Belize. Application forms are
available at the Citrus Research and Education Institute (CREI).
Upon receipt of the completed application form and the non-
refundable fee of BZ$Ioo.oo, an inspection of the proposed
site will be conducted to determine whether the site meets the
requirements under the regulations for nursery establishment.
Continued on page 18

The Belize Ag Report. P.O. Bo\ iSi. San Ignaci,-,.
Ca\ o Di-triet. Belize. Cenral .\meri>\.
Telephone: &n -n--- & nn4--2-2
Editor: Beth Roherson
As.\istant Editor: .1-hn (..Ir
Sp-ecial Editor: Dotie Fretiht
\\'ebsite Mtintained b\ .,t-rdable \\eb Design
Printed I\ BRL' Printing,. Benqute l Viein. C.'i\ District. Belize
Stillnimi ,-rli< a t-ili-\\ :
Letter' ti the Editor..\d k \- Artiel to:
edit,-u'.-. elh i Leragr p,-u't.-',-nl
Deadline, tor tilnlimis,-nn: iotlh ot the imn-nthl priir to
li iblic-ation.
\WV ar-e ii-mnnti l\.ski 4 pping i it .\titIt \ .,1.- n h.l
-Distrilited in Belize & S,-tithlern Mexi>-'-

NOTICE: If ou n would like to share our publication.
kindly do s'o b sending the link to our %%ebsite.
Neither the pdf domnloaded versions nor articles
aina be posted online or reproduced in any
publication withoutt permission from The Belize A'g

Subscription Information:
Belize Addre-e-.: 5 issue- (one \earl $24 Bze.
Receive \our ne\\4etter in a flat envelope b\ fir-t
class mail. Kindl\ ;enid check to The Belize Ag Report
P.O. Box 150. San Ignacio. Belize Please call or email
for rates to other countries 663-6--- or 664--2-2
elitorw(" belizeagreport.com

BelizeAgReport.com 4 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

/: JII

Sept-Oct 2010

Dear Editor,

I am a resident of the US. I have traveled to Belize and enjoy
the country a great deal. In fact I have enjoyed it so much that
I am looking for opportunities in the country either to travel
to on a more regular basis or move to.

I own a seed and farm equipment business in Oregon. I over-
see some of my own seed production, distribute, wholesale,
and retail every type of seed available to grow in my location.
I also sell farm equipment. Tractors, implements, sprayers.

I found your Cane ethanol article particularly interesting, as
it is something that I had thought about for Belize myself.
I am not familiar with Petrojam, but will do some more
investigation. It just seems to me to be a natural fit for the
country of Belize to be more involved in this type of venture.

If you have the time would you mind giving me your opinion
as to why cane ethanol is not being produced in Belize?
Government interference, logistics?

By the way, I read your report every time a new one is put on
line and enjoy it very much. I would much rather be reading
it in the paper form under a thatch roof, but I will enjoy it as
best I can in my office.


Todd Greer
D & D Seeds and Farm Equipment Sales Inc.

Dear Beth:

So nice to get to talk with you the other day.
As far as S.O.F.E. is concerned, I'll attach a brochure with this
accompanying spot on our group and SAVAS School Project.
S.O.F.E. Sharing Our Freedom & Energy is a not-for-profit
501 (c) 3 group from the U.S. working on the establishment of
a Vocational/Agricultural School to be built in San Antonio,
Cayo. As S.O.F.E. is an agriculturally-based group, we intend
to provide the local youth, both boys and girls, between the
ages of 14 and 21 with skills that will help them become part
of community. That is, community within San Antonio,
Cayo and greater BZ in general. Our Board Management
Authority, comprised of 7 members, met recently in San
Antonio to distribute applications for enrollment. We hope to
have the school built by next year's end with classes starting
around Feb., 2012. Any student wishing more information
may contact Leonardo Tzib, Alex Balona or Geronimo Carillo,
all residents of San Antonio. We are looking for Board
representatives form Cristo Rey and Seven Mile also. Hector
Silva, the Director of the CET School in San Ignacio has been
most helpful in organizing this effort along with Rene Canto,
Chairman of San Antonio.

Anyone wishing to acquire further information about SOFE or
the VO-AG School can email me, Dave Snyder at:
savas 1421 (yahoo.com

I'm sure you don't remember me but I met ya'll last year at the
Aguada. I have a question for ya. I look over your report every
now and then but nothing is ever mentioned about cotton.
Does no one plant it? Is there a gin in Belize or is that why no
one plants it because their is not a gin. Thanks.
Kenneth Parrott
Georgia, U.S.A.
Note: In 2008 approx 200 acres of cotton, yielding 200,000
lbs were grown in Orange Walk and exported. 2009 figures
indicate 100 acres and loo100,000ooo lbs produced and exported.
And, you are correct, there is no cotton gin here. In C.
America: Mexico is #18; Nicaragua #58,Honduras #67;and
Guatemala #70 in world production, 2009 ests.

Hi Beth,
Any update from the government on the cattle testing for
cattle sales to Mexico? We are the 3rd largest ranch with cattle
in Corozal and cannot get any accurate information.
I greatly appreciate any info.
Thanks from Corozal.

We thank the family of Mr. David J. Thiessen

of Friesen Hatcheries, Spanish Lookout, for sharing these
figures with us. They have kept rainfall records continuously
for 41 years.
The figures shown are for rains in Spanish Lookout, Cayo
District. For the chart showing May 1968 to April of this year,4
go to page 14 of issue # 7, June-July 2010. Available online.
I 4






June July

8.07" 9.37" 10.66"

3.65" 7.34" 8.85" J
J ^j

4.42" 2.03"

1.81" J

Mission Statement:

The Belize Ag Report is an independent bi- monthly
agriculture newsletter. Our purpose is to collect,
edit and disseminate information useful to the
Belizean producer, large or small. We invite
opinions on issues, which are not necessarily our
own. Belize Ag neither solicits nor accepts political


5 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

Organic Production
A Tale of Three Sisters...
By Greg Clark
In the Native American nation of the Iroquois Indians, the three
sisters lived. The three sisters were actually a reference to the
method of planting for three of the primary staple vegetables
for the nation. The three were planted together on a mound
and assisted each other during their growth. Corn was placed
at the center of the mound, and provided a trellis for her other
sister, the Bean. Two weeks after the corn was planted, the other
two sisters were introduced to the fold. Beans were planted at
the base of the corn to be supported with the corn stalk, and to
provide nitrogen to the other two sisters of the mound. The third
sister was Squash and was planted into the mound at the outer
edges. The squash provided shade to the mound, for moisture
retention, and a living mulch to deter weeds. Because they were
companion plants, they were labeled as sisters. Each plant
provided a beneficial item to the adjacent plant.
Companion plants are very important in organic farming. Some
are companions due to their ability to attract beneficial insects
to the area, some provide nitrogen and nematode resistance to
the soil.
As a child I remember my grandparents always planted green
beans in with the sweet corn. I only knew at that time the corn
was the support for the beans. I thought my grandfather just
didn't want to build a support for the beans; little did I know that
actually the beans were making the corn grow bigger due to the
nitrogen that the beans were pumping directly into the ground at
the roots of the corn.
I began researching other plant companions and their cohesive
abilities. I discovered that cucumbers are helped by carrots, and
peppers are assisted by tomatoes. I have a complete list of
the companion plants that can be downloaded. Check
the BelizAgReport.com website for the link.
Similar to companion planting, crop rotation and the order of
rotation is very important. The nitrogen balance of a field can be
maintained within a level that will reduce the addition of external
nitrogen for the crops. In Belize, we are very fortunate that corn
and beans are staple items of the population. This works well
with the rotation requirements of a nitrogen balance. Beans add
nitrogen to the soil and the following corn crop will require less
nitrogen. Marigolds are great suppressors of nematodes, and
can be used as a rotation crop. Marigold seeds are used in the
poultry industry as a feedstock. A quick rotation with marigold
will provide for less nematode pressure on the following crops.
Remember what I have stated in most of my articles: feed the
soil and the soil will feed you.

Grow everything better, naturally
A Natural Source for Minerals and Trace Elements
Healthier Growing Conditions
Increased Crop Yields
Certified for Organic Production
Now Available in Belize!
For more information
Visit www.azomite.com
See Ad in Classifieds
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Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

f I i I'i, 11 .i


Our New Extended Line of Products:J

Our New Extended Line of Products:

Fxrm Freshl
Organic Herbs and

Flavored Peanuts for

Belize Best
Dry Beans Prepackaged,
Shelf Ready

We have taken the time to develop products that
are based on quality and consistency. Our
commitment to the Belizean consumer is
apparent in our products. Contact us to find out

Private Labeling and Bulk Packaging for Resorts,
Restaurants and Retailers is Available.

y Sol Farms, Limited
Mile 52.1 Western Highway, Teakettle Village, Cayo,
Belize www.Solfarmsltd.com 501-628-9040

6 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize



Restoring the ancient trade routes
by Henning Bartsch
For our article this issue, we'd like to summarize the effects
of our product exploration and our work thus far.

1. It has become clear to us that: our company, Operadora de
las Tortugas, is interested in working with small producers
instead of huge quantities of agricultural products. We
encourage quality that favors higher prices. We feel this
best suits the niche market and potential of Quintana Roo.
An example is the chocolate produced in southern Belize:
small operations, very high quality, thus easier to sell for
desirable results with both buyer and producer.
2. We have noticed that as soon as there is a demand for a
certain product, everybody begins growing or producing
the same product and this ensures that the price goes down
to the point of making it unprofitable to grow the
crop. The development of stable niche markets on a long
term vision is of importance for small growers and the
encouragement to produce small, reliable, highest quality
crops, foods, products, in other words, emphasizing
quality over quantity, is essential to guarantee the best
prices for all.
3. The organic peanuts of Sol Farms of Teakettle Village are
now available at the first two stores in Quintana Roo, Maya
Riviera, Mexico, and hopefully distribution will increase
significantly after all export documentation has been
completed. Thanks to Greg Clark and his efforts.
4. Pedro Escobedo of Playa del Carmen, Q. Roo, Mexico, has
completed the information exchange with SAGARPA
and will give a more detailed explanation on import
documentation for Mexico in one of the next issues as
well as a description of Quintana Roo's different custom
status and the favorable implication this has for Belizean
products. During the month of August he will meet with
the representatives of the Mexican Embassy in Belmopan
and the Chamber of Commerce of Belize and Beltraide to
discuss further import/export procedures.
5. Our company is very interested in any seafoods, fine
chocolate and chocolate products, organic black pepper,
habanero or other chile sauces, special soaps and fine
herbs. Any producers of these products please contact us
through the Belize Ag Report. Thank You.
6. We appreciate that the Belize Ag Report has made this
venture possible and we look forward to continued work
with and through the Belize Ag Report in the future.

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

ClieLe-aikrs *' Jiinjne I% en
S... infl iili*tt I Ilil ill ili4pr' 610-4174
Jrnegai_8@yamoo comic
1 L U0 I knqwI %icej ltid. l.* Smma IgneRo 'ITown *

7 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

In [-r l .l r 11 ll,1l,1 11, l U10|. i "!111011

Tree Spinach" the Maya miracle plaid

Ancient Foods for NEW AGE

Pitaya Marmalade
Pitaya Chutney
Pastry Filling &
Chaya Pasta S u

By Jenny Wildman
I was given a couple of recommendations for trees to add
to "the perfect garden" list: coco plum, moringa and neem.
The first is great for shade but it's fruit; a cross between a
marshmallow and a cotton ball is definitely an acquired taste
. The second is absolutely wonderful in scrambled eggs or
an omelette besides all of its touted health benefits. Neem
is an excellent inclusion as it keeps pests, such as aphids
and mosquitos at bay and can be used for many medicinal
The next suggestion was "coconut boy". What? Is this
something like a garden gnome or a pink flamingo? .....true
godwottery! After a brief description I ascertain that it is a
local name for the pokenoboy. A few articles describe this as
Bactris Horrida. Well it is surely horribly spiny just as every
"horrida" plant or fish, lying in wait for unsuspecting targets
but that looks more like wild cane as does Bactris Minor. Our
swamp thing is, in fact, the palm Bactris Major or Kawmaka,
Prickly Palm, Lata Palm, Cubaro of the big family Arecaceae
The name pokenoboy is a corruption of the words pork and
dough as part of the palm trunk can be made into a most
useful pair of tongs for turning tortillas, meat and hot coals.
I have seen this tree on the banks of rivers whilst on the look
out for monkeys and toucans. Its stalk is covered with black
spiky thorns and its fruit hangs down like a bunch of grapes
from a long stem. Once you break through the tough skin of
the nut-like fruit, a burst of delicious sweet and sour liquid
explodes into your mouth. In its green stage it is more bitter.
The darker fruit has sweeter juice and at this point rather
resembles black cherries.
Many people buy black cherry juice as it contains anthocyanins
thought to reduce inflammation, levels of uric acid and
relieve chronic pain of arthritis and gout. I have a relative
who switched to this juice from expensive pills and has been
most happy with the results. Foods similar in colour and taste
usually have similar properties.

So, now armed with machete and protective clothing, we are
heading to the impenetrable swamp forest in quest of the
pokenoboy cure. I think this is a pick-your-own-from- the-
forest type of fruit without any commercial interest. However
the Amerindians apparently make an alcoholic drink from this
and, as I suggest, it could have therapeutic benefits. It is found
in markets in Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras
along with the peach palm Bactris Gasipaes (Pejibaye)- very
popular and widely cultivated. I am sure that here we should
be using more of these food sources some of which could be
characterized as free foods until all forests become privately
owned or forbidden territory. As an edible Bactris Major is
abundant and does not require cooking; therefore it is high
on the ultimate survival food list for the Amazon jungle.
The tree could be good for sucking up marshy areas but, in
general, it is considered a naughty nuisance and therefore I do
not think I would want it in my home garden. It may appear
to be a major pain, but, it is actually not difficult to gather
once you know where to find it. If I get gout I may have to go
looking for it further afield hoping that it is still abundant
in its native habitat. This boy may even be crowned the new
"Swamp King". For now it is a tasty treat when I am lucky
enough to cross its path.
Please share your comments, recipes and any ideas on this
and other related topics.
Jenny Wildman spectarte@gmail.com

Notice to Readers of
the Printed Issues:

Please thank the Belize Ag Report
advertiser, in whose business you found
your copy.
Their ads are what make this all possible.

c1- _M

100 Embarcadero Road, Maya Beach,
Placencia, Stann Creek, Belize
There is no place like
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lighting, and unique 9 am 4pm or by appointment
treasures for home and
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Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 8

Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Jatropha Diesel Processing Centre
at Central Farm

By Clifford Martinez
A national two-year project entitled: "Jatropha Innovation
Center for Community-Adopted Technologies and Development
in Belize" was approved for funding by the OAS, with plans for
execution by MAF. The Central Farm Research and Development
Department, MAF, is responsible for the establishment of a
Jatropha curcas Oil Extraction and Utilization Centre that will
provide processing and also demonstrate use ofjatropha oil as an
energy option. Although the subject of renewable energy isn't new
to Belize, bio-diesel and agro-fuel adaptability by small farmers
is a fresh and growing concept. Central Farm's collaborative
efforts are to identify factors and make recommendations for
promotion of bio-fuel production for small scale farmers which
will assist in the alleviation of rural poverty.
Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) (Euphorbiaceae) commonly
known as physic nut is an oil plant that is found in sub-tropic
and tropical regions of the world. According to Punia, (2007), it
is known to have more than 200 common names and is found
to grow wild or as a hedge specifically as live fencing by cattle
farmers. Currently it is cultivated for its oil and production of
bio-fuel for use in diesel engines. Jatropha is believed to have its
origin in Central America. According to OFI-CATIE, (2005) its
use also goes back to World War II, when the oil was utilized in
motors by military teams.
Continued on page 23

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com



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I 501-621-3432

9 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Mennonite Book Review, continued from p 3.

A section in chapter 3, on Blue Creek, is titled "Frictions in Blue
Creek" and describes the causes and subsequent handling of
differences of viewpoints among settlers. Old Colony Mennonites
are against the use of pneumatic tires on farm equipment and prefer
steel wheels. However, the Blue Creek soil and the needed clearing
of the land made them impractical, and some families changed
to the more effective rubber tires. This, along with the strain of
homesteading, led to conflict uncharacteristic of Anabaptists in that
the Belize police had to become involved to keep the peace. Many
Old Colony families moved to Shipyard, and in the intervening years
the Kleine Gemeinde ("Little Fellowship") from Spanish Lookout
offered a helping hand to the remaining group (p. 81).

The chapter on Spanish Lookout focuses on "religious
differentiation", and recounts briefly the history of the Kleine
Gemeinde from Russian beginnings in the 1820s, to Canada, Mexico,
and now Belize. "Their bean, dairy, and chicken companies are
dominant businesses in the country. Their transport and distribution
network is based on well-organized logistics, which reaches far
beyond the borders of the settlement." (p. 100). The sociologists
also noted the infrastructure differences (p. 100):

Continued to page 19


Dear Rubber Boots,

Do you know of any organic compound for
killing cockroaches?

Mrs. D.A.

Dear Mrs. D.A.,

Diatomaceous earth (DE), which is 84% silicon dioxide
(silica), is a natural, organic insect killer. DE kills by physical
action and not by chemical so there is no harm to pets or
humans. The tiny hard and sharp diatoms scratch off the
insect's waxy coating, causing it to dehydrate. Bugs can not
become immune to its effects. Use DE for control of roaches,
silverfish, ants, fire ants, bedbugs, lice, mites, spiders, flies,
fleas, scorpions, crickets and many other insects. DE can be
used in and around the home, yard, animal housing, etc. It
will not harm earthworms or beneficial soils microorganisms,
or livestock. Reimers' Health Food Store in Spanish Lookout
sells DE. They also sell borax-based flour pellets that are very
effective in killing cockroaches.

Dear Rubber Boots,
How can I keep the "drunken baymen" bees from
eating the blossoms on my pomegranate tree?
From A. Schiemann

Please help Rubber Boots with the drunken baymen conundrum.
Send suggestions to editor@belizeagreport.com

Thanks, and keep those letters coming. Send questions or
suggestions. We apologize for Rubber Boot's email account
giving problems... please send as above, attn: R.B. please!

Movie Questions Merits of GMO's
A Review of the Movie, The Future of Food
Shown at George Price Centre on 28 July 2010
Reviewed by Dottie Feucht

A movie about genetically engineered (GE) crops and a
detailed explanation of genetically modified organisms
(GMO) was shown at the George Price Center on 28 July
2010. GMO refers to a living organism whose genes have been
altered by inserting gene(s) from viruses or unrelated species.
Monsanto was cited in the film as the primary producer of GE
seeds. Monsanto was granted patents for its seeds (It now
holds 11,ooo patents.) and prosecutes farmers whose crops
are found to be harvested from GE seeds, even those farmers
who did not plant GE seeds. Two major prosecutions of such
farmers were followed in the film. It was disclosed in the trials
that these farmers' crops were "polluted" by airborne cross-
pollination. The judge ruled in favor of Monsanto. Monsanto
claims ownership of crops in which it finds its patented seeds.
One farmer had to destroy 1000 pounds of seeds that he
thought were his own seeds saved from his harvest but which
Monsanto claimed had some of their patented seeds.
The most popular herbicide-tolerant GMOs are Monsanto's
Roundup Ready crops, which are engineered to be resistant
to the company's own broad-spectrum herbicide Roundup
(Glyphosate). This enables growers to use large quantities of
Roundup on their fields, and the herbicide will kill everything
except the GM crop.
In spite of the arguments justifying the incorporation of GMOs
into the food supply the film brought out that there is evidence
that GE foods have an increased risk of causing allergic
reactions, and uncontrollable cross-pollination depletes crop
diversity which has resulted in resistant "super-weeds" and
"super-pests." The statistics supporting lack of crop diversity
included potatoes which went from 5,000 commercial
varieties before the 20th century to 4 today. The filmmakers
also felt strongly that the primary benefits of GM seeds are to
the seed /pesticide companies, and not to consumers. Many
risks are yet unknown.
While some groups advocate the complete prohibition of
GMOs, others call for mandatory labeling of GE food or other
products to provide for traceability and choice for those
who are concerned about food safety. The film focused on
efforts to introduce labeling of GE food for consumers that
have repeatedly met resistance from lobbyists and politicians
affiliated with companies like Monsanto.
The film also quoted researchers who have tried to do research
on the effects of GE food on health but have been stopped in
their research with threats of withholding funding to their
research institutions. In the film it was stated that patents
are based on products that substantially differ from any other
product, but when defending GE food safety the producers
claim that it is "substantially equivalent" and "generally
regarded as safe". Consumers in the US want labeling so that
those who are prone to allergies can avoid GE food.
NOTE: This movie was hosted by The Health Hut, in
Belmopan at The George Price Centre for Peace and
Development in Belize. Learn about GPC's many
ongoing events from their website at www.gpcbelize.
corn or email

Do you have some knowledge or opinion that you
would like to have printed in The Belize Ag Report?
We welcome contributed articles, as well as letters to
the editor and ideas for articles. Your contributions
will improve the paper. Kindly send to belizeagreport.com> or call Beth at 663-6777.
Thank you.

Sept-Oct 2010o BelizeAgReport.com 10 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

BEL-CAR Addresses Corn Glut
with Value-Added Products

Always forward looking in agriculture, BEL-CAR has
purchased from Zaccaria, S.A. Brazil, sophisticated machinery
for corn grit and corn meal production. Well aware of the
profit potentials for value-added processing, they received in
March of this year the first and only EPZ (Export Processing
Zone) status in Spanish Lookout. Now working out the kinks
and making product samples, their goal is to utilize members'
corn surpluses (est. at 20% of current production level) and
increase the price paid to the members for their corn, over
current local and export prices.
Projections are to ship to Jamaica in late August, 2 containers
of cornmeal of 50,000 lbs each. Their short term goal is 5
containers weekly. As it requires roughly 70,000 lbs of corn
to produce 50,000 lbs of corn meal, conceivably the corn thus
processed and exported could exceed 18 M pounds annually!
(70,000 x 5 x 52). Jamaica and Haiti both consume much of
these corn products. BEL-CAR plans to export to other areas
of the world eventually too, as they do with their beans.
The new equipment essentially performs 2 tasks: first it
degerminates, removing the hull ( 86% fiber), the tip cap
(similarly fibrous at 78%), and the nutrient-rich germ, (the
'living' part of the kernel, nearly 30% oil, and 18% protein);
then a rolling mill reduces it to the desired particle size. The
plant is capable of processing up to 5 metric tons of larger
particle products per hour. Why is this nutrient-rich germ
removed? Leaving the germ in, (as done in stone ground
corn meal) decreases the shelf life of the corn meal or grits
drastically. These products, both the hull byproduct, and the
high protein corn germ, will be utilized locally. The fibrous
hull mix will serve as a cattle feed, and the corn germ will be a
prime ingredient in poultry feeds. Prices for these byproducts
have not been established, and will reflect supply and demand.
BEL-CAR anticipates that the corn germ meal will be sold at
a premium price.
Not all corn varieties are suitable for these new products.
Of the approximately o10 hybrid varieties favored in Spanish
Lookout, only a few, such as Pioneer's 3oF8o, meet the
criteria of having both hard kernels, and a bright orange color.
Corn types with softer kernels and germ have more line loss.
Another desirable trait is a smaller amount of germ and larger
amount of the harder kernel endospermm).
There is a wide range of particle sizes of the product known as
grits. The grits of the Caribbean are much coarser than what
the Southern U.S. market traditionally utilizes. However,
there is a growing market for the large particle grits in places
like Miami, indicating the increasing Caribbean influence on
foods there. BEL-CAR has plans to make these new products
available on the local market too.
By B. Roberson

DPesktop Publishing UMD.
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Availability starting in October
Price breaks at 500 and 5,000 plants!

Teak plants in bags from $160 to $250 per 100
Teak stumps from $170 to $260 per 100


For purchases, call 678-3000
or e-mail cullerton@btl.net

For growing and other information,
check out www.teakfarmer.com

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 11

Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


In an effort to promote papaya production for export for small
scale farmers in the Orange Walk District, ROC -Mission
Taiwan, La Immaculada Credit Union Small Scale Enterprise
in Agriculture and Tourism and the Ministry of Agriculture
& Fisheries, are investing in the establishment of a five acre
papaya demonstration pilot project. This initiative will
provide the opportunity for other farmers throughout the
district to actively participate in the training sessions and
practical field demonstrations. The demonstration plot will
serve as a pilot model for technology transfer (know -how) to
the farming community in the district.
The objectives of the project are:
To create an investment opportunity in papaya production
for export among small farmers.
To generate and adopt standard production procedures
for further training of small farmers.
To further develop the papaya industry in order to
increase foreign exchange generation.
The expected outputs of the project are:
One five acre plot complete with drip irrigation system.
One seedling nursery ( size 20 ft x 40ft).
500,000 lbs exportable Tainong papaya for the US
50 farmers highly trained in Tainong production.
Fields days to demonstrate papaya production to rural
The possibility of accessing further financing from ICDF-
Taiwan and other funding agencies for the establishment
of an additional 30 acres of papayas.
During the project implementation, the Agriculture
Department- Orange Walk- will be supervising the project
implementation in collaboration with Taiwan Mission and
LICU/SSEDAT. Technical support will be carried out by
the ROC Technical Mission & Orange Walk Agriculture
The 5 acres of papaya demonstration orchards are expected to
supply an average 280 cases per week (35 lbs / box) or more
of the export papaya by the end of 2010 and by the end of
18 months, more than 20,000 boxes. At $8 Bz/carton, the
expected gross income is over $160,ooo Bz. With marketing
costs expected to be about $120,ooo Bz, the annual benefit
ratio can reach more than 33%.
Little Belize Fruit Packers have agreed to purchase all the
papayas produced from the five acres. They are currently
selling 71,280 lbs which is equivalent to two containers
per week of exportable papayas to the US. This quantity of
papayas is not enough to meet the current demand. Belizean
papayas have become very popular in the US. The buyers have
the willingness to expand production in order to meet the
additional weekly demand of 350,000 lbs (o10 -12 containers)
of quality exportable Tainong papayas.
A field day was held in July for the purpose of introducing
the pilot project to farmers from the surrounding areas
as well as representatives of the GOB and supporting
agencies. The attendees visited the demonstration plot

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 12

as well as the seedling nursery and packaging facility.
It was emphasized in the presentations that there is a
huge market for quality papaya and farmers need to
be trained in growing quality papaya. Export papaya
orchard cultivation and management techniques include:
1. appropriate choice of operation (soil quality, water,
drainage, species selection, cropping avoidance, etc.), 2.
sowing and seedling nursery operation (indoor net house),
3. soil preparation, use of organic fertilizer, line spacing, 4.
transplanting, seedling management operations, 5. extra
fertilizing, weeding, irrigation, pest control operations, 6. sexes
strain selection, replanting operations, 7. removal of extra
seedlings, deformed flowers, old leaves, vegetal operations,
8. harvesting, post-harvest and transport operations, and 9.
natural disaster damage handling.
The field day activities also included a display of papaya-
processed products developed as part of the food-processing
program by TTM and MAF. The products provided at the
demonstration site were:
1.Barley Green Papaya Chicken, called Green Phoenix, 2.
Papaya Yokan, 3. Papaya bread, 4. Honey papaya cake and 5.
Papaya dehydrated fruit.


Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Consider Alternative Animal Feed Sources

By Peter Margesson
Often conventional animal feed ingredients are also consumed
by humans or used for other purposes. In times of supply
shortages these feed stuffs become expensive and often times
uneconomical to use. It is becoming increasingly important
to try to find alternative feeds for animal utilization.
Recently it was advertised that Dehydrated Citrus Pulp (DCP)
was now available from the citrus processing factory in Stann
Creek. In the past two or three years I had been using, in
limited quantities, wet orange peels from a local juice
squeezer as a maintenance ration for my ewes. Feeding the
halved squeezed oranges was not entirely satisfactory. The
sheep struggled to chew the halved orange and there were
palatability problems.
When the new DCP product was announced, I called the
factory for more information. They had little to offer to help
the prospective end user. All they could tell me was that it had
a protein content of about 6% and basically read data off the
label which had been prepared by BAHA. They suggested it
had the same nutrient value as corn, but would cost 14 cents
a pound picked up in Stann Creek. I decided to investigate
more thoroughly the use of this product as it would produce a
substantial savings over the use of traditional energy sources
such as corn and milo. There is a wealth of information
available on the internet.
DCP has in fact been in use throughout the world where citrus
is processed and is recognized as an important energy source
for ruminant animals. However there are limitations in its
use. DCP should not replace more than 50% of traditional
energy sources in a ration as it will have a negative effect on
performance. It seems that DCP has limited usefulness in
chicken or pig nutrition.
I have been using a ration containing citrus pulp for fattening
my lambs on pastures for about 3 months. My ration has
about 16% protein and 87% TDN*. The cost is 22 cents per
pound. I am extremely happy with the results so far. The
sheep consume 2 to 3 pounds a day and weight gain is a
little less than half a pound per day. No problems have been
observed with palatability or adverse reactions.
I do not use DCP as a dry season supplement for my ewes.
The cost is too high. Instead I continue to use the wet pulp
from my local supplier. We put the pulp through a hammer
mill and mix it with molasses, urea and minerals. Palatability
and feed acceptance is now excellent. This provides important
nutrients missing from dry season forage. As soon as the
pastures start greening up we discontinue feeding ewes and
only provide salt and minerals.
I feel there are several alternative feeds available in Belize,
that are currently going to waste, which we could be utilizing
through our animals. Unfortunately there are many factors
which come into play that determine the feasibility of using
these products. Transportation costs are a major liability.
Work done in Cuba on alternative feed sources is readily
available. Perhaps our Ministry of Agriculture could take a
leaf out of their book and start doing some useful research.
*TDN: Total Dietary Nutrients

Belize Corn Market
How GMO May Affect It

A Compilation from Interviews

Recent efforts to export corn to Guatemala are changing
the local corn market. For Belize to become a net exporting
country on the world market, Belize must reduce its corn
pricing by 30% (remember this number). Currently Belize
purchase price for corn is $0.18 bz/lb to the feed mill. At this
price, Belizean farmers are barely making any profit to grow
the corn. Last year, the purchase price of the corn was $0.24
bz/lb. Why has the purchase price of corn decreased? An
increase in land cleared and put into production, increased
storage silos (just added in Spanish Lookout), and a decrease
in meat consumption in the country due to economic climate
are some of the issues that directly impact the profitability of
a farmer in growing corn.

The basic factor is supply vs. demand. The economic growth
rate of Belize is not increasing at the same rate of increase as
corn production. The rate of corn consumption is a derivative
of the economic growth of Belize, thus the reflection in the
pricing of corn. One method of increasing the price is through
increasing the demand. The current effort to develop the
export market to Guatemala supports the demand side of the
equation, and is a positive step. Last year the corn farmers
were able to make approximately $400 bz/ac and this year it
appears that the farmers will make approximately $225 bz/ac
due to the increase in supply.

The true answer for maintaining a stable pricing for corn is
balancing supply vs. demand, and the first step is recording
data for corn in Belize. The three main factors that need to
be tracked are consumption, storage quantity and planted
acres. This data is important for forecasting the future pricing
of corn at harvest time for the farmers.

Since Belize corn production can feasibly out-produce
consumption by 200%, the balance has to be exported to
maintain the corn growing industry at its current rate. This
brings up another question, what does it require for Belize to
be competitive as a corn exporting country?*

Continued to page 17

*see page 11, BEL-CAR article for more on corn exports


Quality Meat and Diary Productsod1m
at reasonable prices, across
the street from Ko-ox Han-nah
Restaurant, San Iganaclo
Tel: John 824-4014

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 13 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Authorized Dealer For:

John Deere
Agriculture & Compact
Lawn & Garden
Parts & Service

Westrac Ltd




U- riB'-

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 14 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize



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Light Rein
By Marjie Olson
BACKING: UNDER THE SADDLE (continued from #7)
So now we go for it under saddle. If your horse did well with
halter and you are fairly coordinated, you can do this technique
with reins and a lead, so you are asking him in the manner he is
already familiar with and adding the rein and seat pressure or
forget the halter and lead and start over with the hopes the word
or the click will help. A click of the tongue to my horses means
'move'; they figure out which direction from other body cues I
give, but they know it is to move and that prepares the brain to
think and be ready for the next cue.
When you gather up your reins to make contact with his bit be sure
your hands are the width of his bit minimum, so you will need to
be slightly lower than his withers. You will need to really shorten
your rein as you will need to bring your elbows back. YOUR EYES
his ears or at your hands, only up and to the distance; this keeps
your body position upright.
Now take a breath lifting yourself from your center, (belly button
area) -your upper body goes up, your lower body goes long- lightly
exhale and rock your pelvis from your center into the saddle and
add a light grip with your legs, again a cue that says move. Pull
back your hands as lightly as you can to start and add pressure as
needed to get the desired backward steps. Here I do not release
with a pause in my hands, only in my legs; I click and gently
squeeze in the same rhythm I did on the ground, 1-2, like a clock
ticking. I release after 2 steps or when I am out of breath; then I
gather myself and ask again, in the same manner. Be sure to give
a big praise when steps are taken and then ask again, hopefully
getting three steps or more.
If Trigger is very reluctant or confused, put a ground person in
front of you and even add a halter and lead if you want, but have
them do the poke in chest with their thmnb or handle of a whip or
help with lead till he understands your rein and body cue.
As you become consistent, so will Trigger, and the cue should
become nothing more than a rock back of the pelvis with a click,
or a slight rein connection in the backward motion along with the
pelvis and click.
Be firm and consistent, but if it is getting out of hand with a lot of
resistance, then it maybe a physical issue. Look at that possibility
before pushing too hard.
Thanks for reading and enjoy the ride".
Marjorie Olson, Light Rein Farm, 5 mile Mtn. Pine Ridge Rd,Cayo
Dist. Belize
All comments are the opinion of Marjie Olson and are in no
manner expected to be the only way to train a horse but have
proven to work for her.

Curb Diabetes with Local Produce

By Maruja Vargas
Did you know that these indigenous plants, pitaya pitahayaa)
and chaya (chayamansa), have antidiabetic properties? Claims
abound that the eating of a small piece of dried pitaya after
the meal will lower the blood sugar. The National Institute of
Nutrition in Mexico City states that chaya will combat arthritis
and diabetes.
Here is another bit of interesting information. Diabetes is also
rampant among several of the native American populations
in the southwest of the US (over 80% of the population was
diagnosed with Type II diabetes). After years of study and
millions of dollars in grants, researchers in the US determined
that the reason for this upsurge is the genetic makeup of the
population, which cannot assimilate the 'American diet'. The
issue is completely related to the fact that these indigenous
have left their traditional diets for the 'American' diet. The
incidence of disease has now been reversed.
Could this 25-year research hold some answers for Belizeans?

The two foods above, pitaya and chaya, are native to this
area, and have been part of the indigenous diet for centuries.
While we have an abundance of these plants available to us,
few people know what pitaya is and even less know chaya.

A nutritional analysis shows that chaya has 8 times the
calcium, 4 times the protein and Vitamin A, 3 times the
Vitamin C and twice the iron compared to spinach. And the
iron is assimilable unlike much of the iron in spinach oxalicc
acid prevents the assimilation). The leaves are pretty bland,
so you can add them to soups, casseroles, spaghetti sauces,
salsas and salads without affecting the taste. Chaya is easy
to grow, by placing a cutting in the ground.

Pitaya is grown locally in abundance and is available in
the markets from May through December. This is the web
location on pitaya in the diabetic diet.

dragon_fruit_pitaya_fruit/dragon_fruit health_benefit/
dragon fruit diabetes_diet.html

For further discussion, email Maruja Vargas at


Light Rrin Fc:,,i

B.E.A. and Light Rein Farm will be hosting
a TRIPLE CROWN of Endurance Races.


November 27th will be 15 miler, January will be a 20 miler and February 12t will
be the 25 miler. Races will be over a cross country course at the Belize Equestrian
Academy in Cayo on the Western Highway and each event will have its own
placings with a CHAMPION being crowned from the combined three races!
Other fun and exciting events to be planned for the day, so mark your calendars now!
Marjie Olson 663-4609, shotzy08@Iive.com or Tre Roberson 667-5684. More information to come!

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 16 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Belize Corn Market, continued from page 13

The Belize corn is at $o.09US/lb. The world pricing for corn,
at this writing, is at $o.o64US/lb. Belize is 30% above the
world export pricing. Remember the 30% in the opening
paragraph? The data presented by the USDA and the US
Embassy for GMO, stated that the average yield increase
per acre is 30% through using GMO corn. The cost input
for growing GMO corn is decreased with the reduction
requirement of insecticide sprays and the fuel/labor to apply
the sprays. The pertinent question that can be answered only
by a corn farmer is the cost savings of not having to conduct
the sprays. The other pertinent question that can be answered
only by the seed supplier is the price difference between GMO
seeds and standard seeds that are currently used. With all of
this information, the final pricing for the production of corn
can be calculated on a per pound basis. This price must meet,
or be less than, the world market price for corn per pound. The
item that will have to be adjusted is the profit for the farmer
to meet the world market pricing. The farmer "taking the hit"
will be a hard "pill" to swallow under his current declining
profits, but for the long term survival, it will be necessary.

Other facts that prevent Belize from meeting the world market
pricing are: (1) Subsidies Corn grown in the US is grown with
$i.8oUS/gallon diesel fuel; Belize grows corn at $4.ooUS/
gallon. (2) Insurance: Crop insurance is available in the US
for impeding weather conditions that occur; Belize has no
crop insurance plans. (3) Tax breaks Purchase of farming
equipment in the US is amortized on taxes for a reduction in
cost over years; Belize provides no tax breaks for farmers. (4)
Ethanol market The US has provided a secondary market
for the corn produced in the US through ethanol grants and
incentives, which absorbs excess production for balancing the
pricing. Belize has no such program.

Possible Options:
* One option would be that Belize takes a stand and develops
a world marketing campaign to promote their corn as
GMO- free. There are many countries that refuse GMO
products; these would be Belize's targeted markets. With
the appropriate marketing, there could be commitments
for Belize corn at the pricing structure that Belize needs
to yield for its current corn production methods. For this
option, Belize would stay on track with their current law
of no GMO's. This would have to be a joint effort with the
Ministry of Foreign Trade, Beltraide, Ministry of Ag, etc.

Belize brings in GMO corn and matches the current world
pricing of corn from that point forward and increases
exports. If the extra production is only added to the
internal market of Belize, the market could be crushed
due to a 30% increase in production and no increase in
* Belize looks to value-added for corn, by creating export
markets for corn-consuming mammals like chicken, pork,
cattle, etc. Increasing the demand for export on the meat
products will directly affect the corn supply and pricing in
the country.
The government gives an incentive worth 30% to the
pricing of corn. If the government would look at this, it
would actually be paid through exports of corn and the
GDP of Belize.

* Belize farmers look at alternative crops to grow in lieu of
growing all corn in a saturated market. Other items of
suggestion would require investments by the government
or outside groups to develop an industry. One suggestion
is sugar cane (which would positively affect that suffering
industry also), sorghum and corn for ethanol use in the
country; ethanol in Belize has a value of $4.50 US per gallon
and the world market price for ethanol is approximately
$1.65 US per gallon. To make this solution viable the
General Assembly would have to commit to mandate
a io% Belize-produced ethanol addition to current
gasoline. No vehicle or infrastructures would be required
to implement this requirement, and the money would stay
in Belize versus sent out to pay for gasoline.

Land utilization in Belize for farming is probably at 20%. This
shows the amazing potential farming future for Belize. The
current and impending consumption of China is now directly
affecting the world supply of corn, which will translate into
corn pricing increases world-wide. This will affect the
exportability of Belizean corn in the near future. But, we
should decide now which options to pursue and do so.

TO OUR READERS: Do you have some knowledge
or opinion that you would like to have printed in The
Belize Ag Report? We welcome contributed articles,
as well as letters to the editor and ideas for articles.
Your suggestions and articles will improve the paper.
Kindly send to or call
Beth at 663-6777.
Thank you.

Ecotel Four, Ecotourism Jungle Lodge
Oe of t 1000 Plafces to See1 feN You e.

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exploration, and vehicle tours to Caracol.
Xunanlunich, Cabal Pech, E Piar, M a i& .

Phone: 669-1124
metbelize@pobox.com www.metbelize.com

Mile 8 Mountain Pine Ridge Road. Cayo. Belize

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 17 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

POULTRY, continued from page 1
The Poultry Improvement Plan is managed by government
and industry to certify poultry farms and hatcheries as free
from certain poultry diseases thus providing health quality
assurance for hatching eggs and day-old poultry.
The USDA facilitated attendance at the 2008 Conference
and Dr. Bruzual's visit. Both the NPIP and BPIP target
three poultry diseases salmonella, mycoplasma and avian
influenza- classifying farmers as clean or monitor. Farms
need to comply with the Salmonella Clean Plan provisions
to participate in the Plan and can subsequently incorporate
other disease classification programmes. Unlike the NPIP,
the Belize Plan is for chickens only whereas the US Plan
includes chickens, turkeys, waterfowls, ratites, etc. Disease
classifications require routine sampling and laboratory testing
of participating flocks and quality control. Compliance with
Plan provisions allows the poultry producer to use the Plan
emblems denoting disease status classification.
Dr. Jose Bruzual, Veterinary coordinator of the NPIP in the
USA, provided valuable technical assistance to BAHA and BPA
during his visit to Belize 25-31 July 2010 where he reviewed
our Plan provisions and sampling and testing procedures and
results. He congratulated Belize on taking this bold initiative
and on being "doers" and not just "hearers" of successful
ventures in other countries.
Future prospects for the Belize Poultry Improvement Plan
include certification, movement control and making the Plan
a legal document. As a legal document, the Plan would be for
optional membership but once a person agrees to be a Plan
participant then he/she would be legally bound to fully comply
with the Plan provisions.

Belize Poultry Association:
Poultry Production School
The Belize Poultry Association held a Broiler Production
School for its membership on July 29 and 30, 2010. The first
seminar was held in Orange Walk Town at the Belize Social
Security conference room for the producers of Blue Creek,
Shipyard and Little Belize. The seminar was held in Spanish
Lookout at "Life Springs Ministry." A total of 88 producers
participated in the seminars.
The seminars were geared toward broiler management
and included the management of birds from 0-2 weeks
and 2 weeks to slaughter. In addition, particular topics
in basics of poultry feed, advances in poultry nutrition and
vaccination considerations for broilers were also presented. A
presentation was also made on broiler breeder management
entitled "Fertility Problems In Meat Type Breeders."
The lecturers at the seminars were Dr. Jose Juan Bruzual of
USDA who works for the US National Poultry Improvement
Plan, Dr. Arnoldo Ruiz representing Hubbard Company,
Ing. Angel Salazar representing AVIAGEN, Mr. Jan Wijma
representing LNB International of the Netherlands, Dr. George
Weseloski a consultant with Syfrett Feeds of Florida, USA and
Dr. Victor Gongora of the BPA. Lecturers at the seminar also

spent a few days doing farm visits at the feed mills, broiler and
breeder farms and at the hatcheries. These visits served to
identify areas where improvements in biosecurity and general
management are needed to increase productivity, on-farm
food safety and profitability.

Providing Our Nation With The
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At The Most Affordable Pricel

Eggs contain all the essential
protein, minerals and vitamins,
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containVitamin D. Eggs are also
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Chicken is a significant source of
Sf-. .daily requirements of protein, niacin.
S B-.6, B-12, vitamin D, iron and zinc.
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r -

-- --- E

CITRUS NOTUIICE, Connnuea from page 4
3) Nursery owners wishing to establish their own budwood
Source trees are also required to submit a completed applicationI
form registering budwood multiplication blocks under thel
Belize Citrus Certification Programme (BCCP) in accordance
I with the Regulations. Application forms are available at thel
Citrus Research and Education Institute (CREI).

4) All local seed source trees to be used for citrus nursery
production must also be registered under the Belize Citrus,
Certification Programme (BCCP). Application forms can be
acquired from the Citrus Research and Education Institute
S5) Growers wishing to purchase citrus plants should ensure1
that the plats originate from a certified nursery. This will
ensure that the plants they are buying are of the highest
possible quality available in Belize, are produced using high
| quality seeds and budwood and have minimum risk of beingI
infected with diseases such as tristeza virus, exocotis, psorosis,
cachexia or HLB. Young trees infected with HLB are likely to|
die within 6 months or two years after planting.
I Do not plant diseases: use healthy plants in your
For further information about the Belize A /
Citrus Certification Programme, screen-house '\- |
structures for small and large-scale nurseries
and to find out how CREI staff can help you
I establish a nursery that will produce high ... .. I
quality plants, kindly contact us at 522-3535.
Li a n t i p i l

Sept-Oct 2010o BelizeAgReport.com 18 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


. .. .... ....

The Secret is in the taste
Processing Plant-Blue Creek

Tel: (501) 323-0590
(501) 323-0592
Fax: (501) 323-0067

Belize City
6290 Park Street
Button Wood Bay
Tel: 223-5378
Corner of 5th St.
South & 7th Ave.
Tel: 422-2862
Orange Walk
3 Guyana Street
Tel: 322-3814
San Ignacio
Esperanza Village
Tel: 824-20251

Mennonite Book Review, continued from page 10
When driving into the colony one enters a different world from the
rest of Belize. Visitors who come to Spanish Lookout frequently
note similarities between this settlement and the agricultural areas
of the Mid-West of the United States.
Many of the businesses along Center Road are named. "Because
of their strong entrepreneurial position, the Mennonites are
commonly regarded as the economic motor of Belize" (p. 101).
How success in business and the adaptation of technology has
affected colony life is explored at some length. For instance, in
older times women would be needed to work with their husbands
on farm chores. Mechanization relocated women to the home
and kitchen, and with home and kitchen technology, they now
have so much free time that Mennonite women are working jobs
in businesses, thereby impacting traditional Mennonite culture.
"From Mennonites to Mechanites" (p. 108) the book notes, is "a
phrase which is frequently used among Belizeans". Electricity came
to Spanish Lookout in the 198os and running water in the '90s. "An
important consequence of this policy [of adopting new technology]
is that the settlement has become more prosperous over the years."
This has also led to an improvement in the logistics of farming. As
one young farmer explained, "Not long ago, the feed mill in Spanish
Lookout started delivering the food with bulk trucks to the silo of
the farmer. This use of individual food silos has changed the way the
farmers work." Friesen Hatcheries and Quality Poultry Products,
a chicken processing business, coordinate in delivery of chicks to
growers, while the chicken plant collects the broilers six weeks later
and distributes frozen chicken all over the country. Similarly, milk
collection for Western Dairies is effected by one dairy farmer who
has a milk tank truck and collects milk from 20 Mennonite dairy


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farms and from non-Mennonite farmers at a collection point in
Santa Elena.
all over the country. Similarly, milk collection for Western Dairies is
effected by one dairy farmer who has a milk tank truck and collects
milk from 20 Mennonite dairy farms and from non-Mennonite
farmers at a collection point in Santa Elena.
As agriculturally-relatedactivityprogresses, the scope ofinvolvement
expands. "Western Dairies expects to achieve the hazard Analysis
Critical Point (HACCP) standard in the near future, a standard used
for dairy products all over the world. Obtaining this standard will
improve the sales. BAHAis also involved in achieving this standard."
(p. 111) Mennonites have a cohesive transnational identity "and
much of the new machinery and techniques are imported from, and
distributed through transnational entrepreneurial connections,
in which other Mennonite institutions often play a role." Thus
Spanish Lookout is "part of a broader community that interacts on
a transnational level and is based on shared religious principles and
extended family ties. When it comes to business, differences within
the Mennonite religious context do not appear to play a significant
role." (p. 114)
The chapters on the Shipyard and Springfield colonies emphasize
the religious and social aspects of these colonies more than the agri-
business aspects simply because, for varied reasons, the commercial
intensity of these settlements is less than that of Blue Creek and
Spanish Lookout. The Beachy Amish and Homestead Acres in
Esperanza appear in chapter 7. Considerable detail about Beachy
Amish life is presented.
The book has a concluding chapter and extensive biliography, as
would be expected from academic researchers. Anyone who wants
to understand in any detail a major factor in Belize agri-business
will benefit from this book.

Sept-Oct 2010o BelizeAgReport.com 19 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize




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continued from page 1

Having become a fully functional cooperative in 1984, farmers
continued to farm and supply the local market (Hershey)
until the late 8o's when they experienced a declining price
and market collapse, forcing them to abandon their farms.
After a period of relative inactivity, TCGA signed its first big
contract with Whole Earth Food Ltd (now Green & Black's) in
1993 and exported its first cacoa beans to the United Kingdom
immediately thereafter. During this time, TCGA obtained its
"organic" certification by Soil Association and "Fairtrade" by
FLO making the TCGA a pioneer in the Fairtrade business in
Central America. TCGA later renewed its contract to a 5 year
rolling contract making the sole contract to benefit the farmer
to date.
Maya Gold
From 1994 2001 TCGA exported approximately 20 tons of
cacao beans annually, cultivated by 200 farmers. Since then
productivity has been increasing as a result of additional input
on labor and time from farmers. However, this trend was
short lived as a result of a devastating hurricane, Iris, which
rumbled well-established cacao orchards with blooming
pods and permanent timber trees for shade. Even for
well- established farms rehabilitation was difficult because of
little or no resources. TCGA was assisted by Fairtrade and
Green & Black's to rehabilitate at least 50% of its members'
farms, while leaving harsh hit farms to be rehabilitated over
time. In spite of quick rehabilitation, production turned
very low. TCGA continued the struggle to encourage farm

rehabilitation with provisions of chainsaws, and other pruning
equipment; however very few farmers took advantage of the
Even with very discouraging scenarios at hand, some cacoa
farmers were eager to take advantage of an existing market.
Green & Black's noted this great interest, simultaneously
recognizing the potential to produce quality cacao beans
(from well flavored Trinitario beans) for the Maya Gold
Bar; so that by 2003 it started working on a new project to
assist TCGA farmers. This recognition of interest and quality
product instigated a new project, "The Maya Gold Project"
whose aim was to create a sustainable TCGA by increasing
its members and acreage thereby increasing its production.
The Project financed by Green & Black's, DFID (Department
for International Development) and HIVOS (Dutch support
organization), commenced in September 2003 and by 2006
TCGA increased its members by 700 from 231 to 973 and
its acreage from 400 to 3ooo acres. The Maya Gold Project
was designed for the farmers' benefit by establishing large
nurseries, transporting of seedlings, conducting a campaign
to educate the farmers on the benefits of establishing cacao
farms, developing TCGA management capability and directors
and providing technical training and extension services to
the farmers. During the 3 year period, disillusioned farmers
rehabilitated their farms, which boosted TCGA's production
to around 30 tons annually, with the second best record of 42
tons in 2006.
Continued to page 22

Sept-Oct 2010o BelizeAgReport.com 20 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Farmer Looks Longingly at GMO
GMO "Get Moving On"
'Genetically Modified Organism'

The scientists have identified the system of gene modification
within a cell. The imputs into that cell from other plant life result
in the better use of herbicides, and pesticides. This process also
provides a non-chemical resistance to worms and other pests.
There is continuous research that indicates that in the future
there will be less loss from drought and a continuous uptake
of nitrogen rather than application surges. Through the use of
Round-Up Ready corn seed it is cheaper and more efficient for
weed control.
Corn growers in other countries see an almost total absence of
corn borers, corn root worm and corn ear worms. When you
have a corn ear worm, it lets rain in and rot may destroy up to
1/3 of the ear. When the combine harvester comes through it
cannot separate the damaged kernels from the good kernels.
The result is damage contamination throughout and results in
unsanitary- livestock/chicken feed to corn tortillas- to corn oil-
to corn flakes.
GMO corn growers from the eyes of most non-GMO supporters
think that GMO is evil and probably dangerous to the future of
corn and consumers. In the 14 yrs. of GMO use in almost 30 other
countries, in my view, there is no evidence of that being true.
I would plant GMO corn in Belize if it were legal, because my
GMO travels and investigations indicate a 30% plus increase in
yields, with less chemicals and a higher quality end product. The
corn seed will be more expensive and I don't intend on spending
my money like a fool. In other words at the end of the crop sale, I
may have more net money if I have a GMO option.
I and several other Belizeans went to Honduras (Pan-American
Ag. College Zamareno) where we saw first hand in side-by-side

comparative tests, the distinctive overall advantage of GMO
versus non-GMO. We listened to Dr. Wayne Parrott from the
University of Georgia- Athens, Georgia possibly one of the most
renowned GMO crop scientists in the world. He puts his name
and reputation on the line in support of GMO. His almost life
time study basically says- higher yields, a more sanitary product
with less chemicals. Some opponents of GMO are worried about
cross contamination toward old type single cross varieties and
their eventual annihilation. Dr. Parrott replies that "if there
is value to the old line and contamination should accidentally
occur, you could take that corn to the laboratory and remove the
GMO invader and line up with what you began with."
In our never ending quest to solve world food and health problems
there is nearly always a negative opinion somewhere.
Maybe the discovery and use of vaccines for polio, small pox,
and diphtheria were a mistake. Maybe we should have never
discovered antibiotics and let things just happen. Maybe GMO
should never have been approved by some 30 countries including
Brazil, Argentina, United States, Canada and Cuba. There is a
proposal in the European Union that may allow each country to
decide their future rather than one EU policy. I hope that the bio-
sanitation and safety committee in Belize will be open minded
on this issue so I can buy GMO corn seed and be financially
competitive on the foreign market. I would prefer to grow all
my crops organically; however at this point it is impossible on a
larger scale farming venture in Belize. I have to be competitive or
I will become like a dinosaur extinct.
By John Carr
Do you have some knowledge or opinion thatyou would
like to haveprinted in TheBelizeAg Report? We welcome
contributed articles, as well as letters to the editor and
ideas for articles. Your contributions will improve the
paper. Kindly send to or
call Beth at 663-6777. Thank you.

Center Road Snanish Lookout -

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 21 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

W.1mL .... .

CACAO, continued from page 20
TCGA and its services
Despite a very successful Maya Gold Project, the only measuring
indicator, increase in production, can only be realized in the 5t year
of tree life. Therefore TCGA continued monitoring and minimized
its expansion on a decreasing basis for the next 4 years. In 2010
TCGA's membership stands at approximately 1,100 farmers
producing 47 (record) tons annually. TCGA farmers cultivate
local hybrid "Trinitario" which is a cross of "Forastero" the rustic
variety and "Criollo" the most aromatic of the existing varieties of
cacao. Farmers cultivate on average 2 acres with planting space
of 12' x 12' intercropped with timber and leguminous trees at
maturity and plantains and other staples during growth stage.
With a fully functional extension department, TCGA provides
organic inspections, technical training (cacao production from
seed sowing to post harvest methodologies), quality control,
pruning services, organic and agriculture education, farm
consultations, and other extension support services for existing
and new farmers. TCGA ensures that farmers have the adequate
skills to cultivate, ferment and dry cacao beans as demanded by
the market. TCGA has undertaken several infrastructure projects
over the last 5 years to build satellite buying centers (Maya Mopan,
San Antonio Village) and drying facilities in San Jose in order to
provide quality beans to its customers.
Market and Price
While TCGA records its ultimate successes in becoming a
sustainable organization in Southern Belize, external attributions
are perhaps the fundamental factors in its success. These are


the maintenance of a guaranteed market and certification for
organic and Fairtrade standards, a foundation set in 1994.
The revolution of moderate expectations presented itself
after 2007 and by virtue four (4) local chocolate processors
(Kakaw, Goss, Cotton Tree and Cirila's Chocolate) are now
added to TCGA's buyer list.
Today 90% of TCGA's production is exported and io% is for
local processors. In accordance with its business plan, the
percentage will be reconsidered as the current trend for local
processing increases. The result of reducing export in favor
of the local market is that TCGA production is 90% short of
Green & Black's demand for the more than 450 tons of organic
cacao annually, a significant gap and incentive for TCGA to
increase production and enjoy a thriving market.
Although production is a drop in the bucket in comparison
to other Latin American production, TCGA's cacao fetches a
relatively high price compared to farmers in other continents
of the world (producing 70% of world production). Belize
cacao farmers earn Bze $2.30 per lb of cacao beans (fermented
and dried) in addition to .14 cents for their Fairtrade
Premium Fund and .18 cents for their organic certification
as mandated by Faitrade. The price is higher than the FT
minimum guarantee of Bze $1.76 but lower than the current
world market price of 2.90 (NYSE). TCGA's price however is
complimented by a new bargaining deal TCGA entered into
with Green & Black's in 2007 to benefit from the International
Cocoa Organization's (ICCO) daily price adjustment.
Continued on page 23

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Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 22 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

CACAO, continued from page 22

Cacao prices have increased by 60% over the last 7 years (from
1.40 2.30 per lb). The 2.3o has been maintained for over 3
years leading to 2010 and will probably remain without further
increase for the next year considering the erratic fluctuations of
world market price triggered by African producers over the last
6 months.
In addition to executing projects harmonizing with developing
skills of farmers and the industry, funded by organizations such as
the UNDP, CARD Project, Help For Progress, HIVOS, Irish Aid,
ACICAFOC and DFID, over the past 10 years, TCGA is currently
executing the Central American Cacao Project funded by the
Norwegian Government through CATIE (Tropical Agricultural
Research and Higher Education Center). The project is aimed
at providing capacity building sessions to farmers through the
farmer field school method, education and research, cooperation
amongst cacao producer organizations and stakeholders in
the region, and improving productivity and quality of cacao in
Central America.
As a growing industry, TCGA's aim is to become a self-sustaining
organization that provides relevant services for its members in
other areas of agriculture production. Follow the Ag Report in
other issue for more information on Cacao Production in Belize.
By Armando Choco, General Manger
Toledo Cacao Growers Association, P.O Box 160
Main Street,Punta Gorda Town, Toledo District
Email: tcgatoledo@gmail.com or tcga@btl.net


Worldwide roughly 54 million tons of
coconuts are harvested annually; Belize's
production is approx. 850o,ooo000 nuts/yr.
Price to growers has been at an all time high
of $.385/nut, delivered to the factory, for a
few years and has growers smiling. It seems
that the supply of coconuts in Belize cannot
keep up with the local demand; so coconut
water is being imported. Most of the
imports come from the Caribbean although
the products originate in Thailand and
Singapore. Price for local c.w.,16 oz. is $2.Bz and the imported
cans, 17.5 oz. are $2.75/$3.5oBz.
Why have worldwide sales of coconut water risen from $4M USD
in 2007 to over $20M USD in 2009? Recent studies show that
populations which have had and retained a traditional coconut
heavy diet have remarkably good health, especially compared to
their compatriots who have switched to a western diet. Marketing
in the western world has centered on coconut water as a 'natural
sports drink'. Coconut water is rich in electrolytes, anti-oxidants,
vitamins and minerals, and all 'in a natural form'. The giant U.S.
soft drink manufacturers now market versions of coconut water
and cannot keep up with demand, just as we in Belize cannot.
With the incredible surge in popularity of coconut water, should
we be looking at planting more coconuts in Belize? Although salt
tolerant and best suited to sandy soil, coconuts can also do well
on inland soil. Maypans can take 5 yrs. to bear, and the dwarf
types usually bear earlier, or about 2 to 3 yrs. after planting.
Both produce amply for 40+ yrs. at 110-120 nuts/year. Green or
immature coconuts are harvested at 5-6 mos. for coconut water.
B. Roherson

JATROPHA, continued from page 9
Several development organizations, such as the World Bank,
OAS and some NGO's are developing similar projects based
on the cultivation of the physic nut and uses of its fuel by small
farmers in zones with unfavorable agro-ecological conditions.
The economy of Belize has traditionally depended on agriculture,
(bananas, sugar and citrus) which accounted for 12.7% of GDP
and close to half of exports in 2005. While significant progress
has been achieved, the alleviation of poverty continues to be a
major challenge for Belize. Poverty levels based on the 2002
Living Standard Measurement Survey were unchanged at 33.5
percent compared to the 1996 survey. As mentioned by Raswant
(2008), many poor farmers can benefit from the production of
bio-fuel, especially on lands not suitable for food production.
The general purpose of this project is to establish a Jatropha
Innovation Centre to utilize Jatropha curcas and its oil for
community development. This will generate income, rehabilitate
degraded land and reduce green house emissions. Furthermore,
the Centre plans to produce information and educational material
on the management of commercial jatropha production.
The implementation of the program has three pillars: institutional,
regulatory, and agricultural skills and pivots around the transfer
of knowledge from the Centre and its regional/local partners to
Belizeans. Activities will include provision of hands-on workshops
in grove cultivation, processing of diesel and using it in small
Targeted concerns to be explored in the project include but are
not limited to the following :
* Identifying characteristics such as adaptability, pests &
disease tolerance, homogeneous flowering and high oil
production, which is necessary before establishment of
groves and creation of a cost effective processing unit
* Addressing farmers' concerns that labor costs for manual
harvesting may challenge profitability
* Watching the prices for fossil fuel, as a decrease in the future
could affect farmers with large scale investments
Increasing local awareness in the benefits of renewable
energy to develop a local market
Identifying the customization requirements for Belize:
International advances in jatropha diesel have allowed
for more efficient and mobile equipment to be available;
however these advances are customized for conditions in
various domestic and regional markets.
Previously, a lack of availability of seed, technical assistance
and information about management and use of Jatropha curcas
hindered its adoption by small farmers. A promotional video
and brochures were recently produced and distributed to the six
agricultural district offices. The Jatropha Innovation Centre will
additionally function for the production, storage and processing
of jatropha oil.
Afive-acre jatropha grove is being established at Central Farm and
will serve as a training and data collection facility for interested
farmers, researchers and scientists. Certain zones have had
high production performances while other regions of the world
including Belize have seen much variation in production.

Prepared by:
Clifford Martinez Jr., Agriculture Office,
Cereal/Grains/Bio-fuel, Research & Development
Central Farm R&D Station, MAF, Cayo, Belize
Email: rdcfarm@yahoo.com (501) 804-2129 or 804-3774

BelizeAgReport.com 23 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010

I- I i____ _

Spanish Lookout's PALM HILL DAIRY
Only beginning in December 2009 with 5,000 pounds of milk,
from just 2 local farms, in July 2010 Palm Hill Dairy greatly
expanded to processing over 100,000 pounds of milk, from
36 Spanish Lookout farms and group shipments representing
over 100 farmers in Shipyard. Today, about 60% of the milk
originates from Spanish Lookout, and the remaining 40%, is
from Shipyard. The Shipyard dairy farmers combine their milk
to send 2 truckloads of milk, 4,800 lbs. per load, weekly. Prices
to the producer vary between 32 to 40 cents/lb., depending on
local stock levels and quantity that each producer is selling.
To speak in terms more of us understand, oo100,000ooo lbs. of milk, at
8.6 lbs./gal. = approx 11,627 gals., which, if all made into cheese,
would net about 11,ooo lbs. of cheese. (One gallon of milk yields
about 1 lb. of cheese.) 90% of Palm Hill's milk currently is being
made into cheeses. Their most popular cheese is the 'stretch
mozzarella' type. Palm Hill's vision is to process about 60% of
their milk into cheese, and use the balance for bottled milk and
ice cream. They already have the capacity for bottling regular and
flavored milk.
HACCP certification, for which they have already applied and are
awaiting final inspection, will open doors for exports too.

B. Roberson

Belize Equestrian Academy

Invites you to come and share the experience of
their new trainer: Marjie J. Olson of Light
Rein Farm. A trainer with over 38 yrs
of professional experience.

Lessons in Huntseat, Western, Horsemanship
and Equitation, Barrels and Poles and Gymkhana.
Become a better horseman; advance your
knowledge. Training that will work for you and
your horse. Starting children at age 5.

Call for lesson schedules and fees:
Marjie 663-4609 or Trey at 667-5684

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24 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

Belize Ag Report's -5

In July, SIB (Statistical Institute of Belize) *''
announced growth of 3.2% in agriculture,
attributed to citrus and banana increases. Sugar
cane decreased by 12.6%, and fisheries
dropped by 25%, to 2008 levels, production
of most fisheries products remained equal or
increased. Decline was due to depression in prices
in the Mexican and US markets.
Banana Bank reports to BAR that their 3 acre trial of
sunflowers was successful, and oil was extruded at Reimer's
Feed Mill in Spanish Lookout. The cake (up to 41% protein
remains after oil removal) is suitable for livestock feed. A native
of Central America, sunflowers are known for their fatty acid
composition. Some 'high oleic' types contain a higher level of
the healthy monounsaturated fats than olive oil. Sunbutter is a
relatively new product made from sunflower.
Cohune Oil-A processing plant was inaugurated in Flowers
Bank, Belize District in May of this year, supported by AED,
in turn supported by a BRDP grant to UNDP and MAF. The
cohune nut's kernel yields up to 70% oil, but the kernel is
only lo% of the nut. Cohune oil is very similar to coconut oil;
markets for both are expanding.
U.S. National Corn Yield Contest, 2009: Winner harvested
a staggering 19,376 lbs. /acre (346 bushels). Compare that
to 2009 U.S. national average of 9,234 lbs. (164.9 bushels).
Belize's avg. yield for this crop is estimated at 5,500 lbs./acre.
Belize/Guatemala Trading -There has been some movement
under the Partial Scope Agreement. It seems that the Belize side
has it together; after phyto- sanitary is issued by BAHA, then a
broker fills in the export permit and finally the Rules of Origin
are issued by Customs; then the Belize side is done. Next one
hires a Guatemala Broker who issues an import permit. The
Guatemala buyer needs an import number and then the E.V.A
Tax is settled and things move on. It is recommended that if
you are interested in exporting, you needs to talk to brokers on
both sides who will facilitate the process. Just under .5M lbs.
of corn have been exported to Guatemala this year under this
Guatemala's Ministry of Agriculture has budget
slashed, similar to Belize's: With 23% of GDP from agriculture,
Guatemala lowered its allocation to agriculture to $47M USD
(1.4%), down from 2005's $95M USD (4.6%).

Local and Regional
Fuel Prices


Quintana Roo,


REGULAR t $9.50BzGal t8.13 pesos/Lt Q 30.00 /Gal
$4.90 Bz/Gal $8.22 B/Gal

PREMIUM t $9.85 BGal t9.55 pesos/Lt Q 30.50/Gai
$5.75 Bz/Gal $8.36 B/Gal

DIESEL t $8.60 B/Gal t 8.53 pesos/Lt Q 25.00/Gali
$5.14 Bz/Gal $6.85 B/Gal

COCONUTS: Central Farm's best-selling fruit tree
is the coconut. Harvesting monthly, they maintain
a stock of approx. io,ooo to 15,000 seedlings on
hand at all times. Annual sales are approx. 60,ooo
plants. Most of these are the hybrid Maypan or
the Malayan Dwarf. The Maypans, useful for
both coconut water or coconut oil production, are
resistant to the Lethal Yellowing Disease (LYD).
Malayan Dwarfs are only 75% tolerant to YLD.
However, the dwarfs bear faster and are often used
for commercial coconut water plantations.
CUBA reports a 7.5% fall in agricultural production
for the first half of this yr. compared to 2009. Farming: 9,7%
decline; Livestock: 4.8% decline. The only increase was in
bananas which showed a 48% increase. Sugar is reported
separately, and the gov't. has not released those numbers, only
saying' the harvest is the poorest since 1905.' Pres. R. Castro
on Aug. 1 stated that that this drop results from 'errors in
leadership... and also the effects of the drought'. Cuba spends
$1.5B USD annually on food imports.
Mexican Cattle Export -The main cattle sweep committee
tells us that maps and procedures are mostly in place. There
is apparently a budget of some $1.25M USD (money being
requested from the European Union) needed to complete
the brucellosis, and tuberculosis testing. This also includes
an animal identification record; each cattle farm needs to be
registered too. BLPA is waiting and it seems that progress is
being made but things move very slowly. We are hearing about
lower cattle prices throughout Belize, especially in the North.
The economic slow-down is lowering the consumption of beef
and the only export is being done is by cattle traders.
As much of the world faces either drought or
monsoon conditions, Belize anticipates bumper corn
crop. Russia closed its doors for all grain exports at
least until end of 2010: world's 3rd largest wheat exporter will
harvest 30% less than last year. Ample U.S. harvests should
cover world grain shortages caused by Russia's crisis.
August 2010: Judge rules that more GMO sugarbeets
cannot be planted until the USDA reviews effects
the GMO crops could have on other food; such a study
could take several years. About half of the USA's sugar is
from sugarbeets. Over a million acres are planted annually.
Speculation is that there will be drastic shortage of conventional
sugarbeet seed, as only 5% of entire crop the last 2 yrs has been
from conventional seed.


Belize Electricity Rates

Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 25 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Belize* Quintana Roo, Peten,
Mexico Guatemala**

0-50 Kwh: $0.35/Kwh
51-200 Kwh: $0.44/Kwh Any Amount: Any Amount:
Above 200 Kwh: $.047/Kwh

All in Belize Dollars
Belize Residential: Plus $5.50 monthly service charge and plus 12 1/2%
GST applied to entire bill ifover $200.00
t* Guatemala rates adjusted every 90 days




Classified prices:
2-3 lines= $24; 4-5 lines=$32; 6-7 lines=$40
Ironwood Cattle Co. Ltd., Corozal. Contact
Bill at 660-4014 A S
BULLS FOR SALE: Ready to work Nelore 6" Al of 1Se
Bulls in Cayo. Former champions. Proven
sires. Priced to move 664-7272
SALE: 5 yrs old, grandson of the well known running mare,
Popcorn, who is by Soldier John $5,500. Call Cedar Bluff Ranch
at 664-7272
FOR SALE: New Holland Baler, Ford Sickle Mower,
5 wheel rake. All in working condition $8,200. call 600-2853 or
email: amar.international.maruja@gmail.com
propagation method, saves $$$$ in nursery, planting, time
& labor. Pre-filled sterile peat bags with pH loaded. All tree,
plant and vegetable types available. Mile 63, Western Highway
(Airstrip) 501-621-3432 www.b-oilbelize.com
FOR SALE: Ferry/Barge, 12' x 30' with ramp. Originally
set up to be free wheeling. No motors included. Hull excellent
condition. US$27,000 Call 600-2853.
FOR SALE: AZOMITE, a mined natural mineral product
that is an excellent anti-caking agent and a unique re-mineralizer
for soils, now available in Belize! For more information or to
order call Calvin Reimer 670-3172 or visit www.azomite.com
$10 per plant. Belize-Michigan Partners (Dr. Chris Bennett)
tel 223-0404 or bennett@btl.net
FOR SALE: 2005 Harley Davidson 1340cc, 662-2563
WANTED: Grape Vines
Would love to grow.
Please call Jenny 533-8019
CANOE WANTED: lifejackets & paddles(2 ea)
email: k.ray@mac.com
WANTED TO BUY: Used Skiff 12' to 18'. Condition is not
important, will be commensurate with price. Call Maruja
90o Ac Great Bottomland for LEASE: Banana Bank area,
North side on Bze River. Former Caricom Farm land.
2+ac, 3+ac Hilltop Lots near Mile 57 W. Hwy, established
estate area, water/elec, incredible views, call Beth at 663-6777 or
email holdfastbelize@gmail.com
2500 USD/Ac. Priced for investment or development.
Call 663-6777 / 664-7272 Or email holdfastbelize@gmail.com
PROPERTY FOR SALE: Barton Creek, 74 ac on creek,
approx 700 ft creek frontage. $249k usd, or 380 ac, includes
above with creek for $51ok usd. Private farm or resort potential.
Holdfast Ltd 663-6777 / 662-5263

PROPERTY: Horticulturalists dream-home on l acre, feels
like more, in Belmopan City limits, west side of Hummingbird
Hwy. Extensive landscaping, fruit trees, orchids, etc. Asking
295k usd. 664-7272, 662-5263

PROPERTY: RENTAL, rural luxury, Cristo Rey Rd, 15
minutes from San Ignacio, 1 bdrm, 2 full baths, deck, barbq,
great views, maid/yard service/security on working farm.
$750 usd/mo. Call Sandra or Beth 664-7272 or 663-6777
BEACH LOT, SAN PEDRO, Punta Azul Area. 50'x50', in
L Benson subdivision, on the blue Caribbean Sea. Bze tel
501-663-6777 or
86 Acs, 4,000' Riverfront, Young Gal area, Teakettle,
Cayo District. Rolling hills, mostly cleared, big trees. 30 min.
drive from capital city, Belmopan. Reduced to sell. Call 663-
6777 or 664-7272, holdfastbelize@gmail.com
BELIZE BIRD RESCUE is dedicated to the care, rescue and
rehabilitation of all bird species in Belize, especially parrots.
822-1145/ 610-0400/ 602-4291 info@belizebirdrescue.com
STAINED GLASS WINDOWS Custom design, any size,
all imported materials. For churches, hotels, businesses or
private residence. Email: leisa@bananabank.com for more
Great Market on he first Sunday of each month at Spectarte,
Maya Beach, Placencia. something old, something new,
buyers and sellers very welcome 533-8019

"Nothing can stop the man with a the right
attitude from achieving his goal; Nothing on
earth can help the man with the wrong mental

T. Jefferson

Wholesale and Retail
Gasoline & Diesel
We Deliver


Soita Elenaa


Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 26

Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

i ATLANTIC BANK Local Credit Card


lowest interest rate

in the market

* Promotional offer of a 2% reduction in
interest rate ends Dec. 31, 2010

Midwest Steel & Agro Supplies Co. Ltd.
Box 581, Spanish Lookout, Belize
Tel: 823-0131 Fax: 823-0270
e-mail: midweststeel@midweststeel.bz



Tropical Pasture Grass & Legume Seeds
Mineral Supplements for: Cattle (BEEF, DAIRY),
Sheep, Horses

Hybrid Corn and Sorghum Seed
Sorghum-Sudangrass Seed

Visit our online store at: www.midweststeel.bz
Sept-Oct 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 27 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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infordfqualitypou.tryproducts .com
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BelizeAgReport.com 28 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

Sept-Oct 2010

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