Title: History of Science Society newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00093941/00022
 Material Information
Title: History of Science Society newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: History of Science Society
Publisher: History of Science Society
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: April 2007
Copyright Date: 2009
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00093941
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

April2007Newsletter ( PDF )

Full Text





April 2007

Isis Three Years In: A Progress Report

t has been three years since the Lsi office moved to York University. I am now a
little over halfway through my term as editor. Since we welcomed Isi to Toronto,
we have received and processed about 310 manuscripts, about 100 per year Since the
March 2004 issue was published, 32 articles have appeared in -11.. p . .. .. 10 Fo-
cus sections (containing 38 articles), and 845 books reviews (including essay reviews).
Many .f il, .,. 1, we set for ourselves have been accomplished. The operation of the
office at', 'il 11 .11 11.i ,,- 'i1.1.l The journal is now back on schedule, though it is a
constant struggle to keep it there. The Focus sections, designed to attract readers in all
areas of the field, seem to have been favorably received.
Let me say a little more about the Focus sections and how they are created. The
basic idea for each of them has come about in various ways. In most cases, they are
suggested to me by a colleague in the field. Sometimes I am contacted out of the blue.
Other times the idea is floated by a member of the Advisory Editorial Board at the annual
meeting. Some ideas have come up spontaneously and fortuitously My favorite example
of this is how we came up with the concept for the Focus section on "The Generalist
Vision." Robert Kohler phoned me about a survey onis that had been sent out shortly
after the journal moved to York. He wanted to make sure that it wasn't too late to submit
his response. As we talked, he laid out his concerns about the increasing specialization
of our discipline and how that was reflected inis articles. This seemed to me to be an
ideal concept for a Focus section. It naturally cut across cl i.;i : I b..,, i. 11..1 i 1ii
addressed itself to a major issue in the field of interest to all historians of science. When I
suggested to Robert that the generalist vision would be a good subject for an upcoming
Focus section (at this point the first ones were just starting to appear), he warmed to the
i H,.r.in .l ..1 i,.1 work .ii ...i II i ii The resultwas athought-provokingsetof
pieces written by some of our best scholars. If you have any ideas for a Focus section I'd
be happy to hear them. I can't accept every idea, but I certainly
do consider each suggostinn rcrefi.lll
Since Focus secti,,i, i i,. ,I Ii ,i,.-
ously and are often rel ii.. I. I. 1..
velopments in the fiel I I i.. ,
appear in a timely fashli. -1 0I i, I
fore decided that the i ',
process would be differ i. iI
them in comparison'., II
process for the regular
articles. The pieces
are reviewed
in-house by me


and by the scholar who has taken the lead in organizing the Focus section. Partici-
pants are also carefully chosen and I would say that the quality of the pieces has been
quite high. I also wanted to point out that the space given to Focus pieces inti has
really come from the book review section. We continue to publish the same number
of articles. In 1997, my predecessor decided to reduce the number of articles inlsi
from four to three in order to expand the book review section. When I was selected as
the new editor, the Committee on Publications was concerned about the growing size
of the t I ...1. ...1... :h .II 1- 1 ,i., ii..l1J recommended that I reduce itwithout cutting
reviews of the important books in the field that readers expect to see. We did reduce the
overall proportional size of the book review section, and in its place have offered one
Focus section per issue. The number of articles per issue remains at three.
There is one goal that we have not achieved. We'd like to publish more articles
dealing with science, medicine, l,1 I.,:11 i..l.. ii, the classical, medieval, Renais-
sance, and early modem fields. We don't publish more articles in these fields because
currently we don't receive many manuscripts from scholars working in these areas.
Of course the field has shifted enormously over the last few decades. But we want
to go on record that Isis welcomes manuscripts on the pre-1800 period and that we
have no preference for articles on modem science. Our only preference is for high
quality scholarly work in whatever field it may be.
Although we do receive lots of manuscripts from graduate students and young
scholars, some may still be too intimidated by Isis to consider sending us their
work. Potential contributors should keep in mind that we use the double blind
peer review process. In essence, the contributor does not know who the referees are
and the referees don't know who the contributor is. Eminent scholars get no spe-
cial treatment since their identity is unknown to the referees. Again, the quality of
the work is the main consideration. Perhaps if I demystify the peer review process
it will encourage more scholars to send us their manuscripts.

Notes from the Inside 2 Q&A: Rachel Ankeny 14
HSS Candidates 3 Workspace: Babak Ashrafi 15
News & Inquiries 7 Future Meetings 16
From Our Members 10 Dissertations 17
Jobs 10 Donors 18
Grants, Fellowships, Sarton Memorial Lecture
& Prizes 11 Introduction 20
Photo Essay: The Higginson Isis Books Received 21
Telephone 12 Ballot Form 24


Notes from the Inside

Meeting Perplexities

By Jay Malone, Executive Director

W hen making arrangements for our annual meeting, I con-
sider myriad issues. Many details are minor, but even minor
points can become controversial. For example, when scouting sites
in '.:',dil.ii.l DC, I visited three hotels in the suburb of Crys-
tal City and one hotel in downtown ".' r. iii.i.l,, I considered all
of these properties '.:. iJiii-,.i,, locations" and so when the HSS
Council confirmed that our meeting would be held in the Mar-
riott Crystal Gateway in Crystal City, I blithely announced that our
2007 meeting would be in i"J..'li ,ii..i, But graduate students in
the Executive Office took vocal exception to this. "Crystal City is
not .:" Iriii-..i, they told me. "The meeting is in Crystal I ir
I briefly considered announcing this but then remembered that I
had no idea where Crystal City was before I visited the hotels tell-
ing people that we would be meeting there would invite confusion.
Crystal City is part of Arlington, Virginia, a better-known place, but
when I asked an international member about using that name,
her face paled and she said it brought up images of cemeteries.
That would not do, so to placate the literalists in the office and still
give members a better-than-vague idea of where the meeting will
be held, we settled on .:. Jh,,r... Metro Area" as the location of
the 2007 meeting. Welcome to my world.
The Marriott Crystal Gateway, not to be confused with the
Marriott Crystal City (another not-so-minor detail) is five minutes
from Reagan National Airport and sits atop a metrorail station
three stops from the National Mall. Attendees will be able to enjoy
all of what the U.S. capitol has to offer.
Why are we meeting in Crystal City and not in :'r" Iii-l,.,,i'
The answer is cost. Downtown hotels are significantly more ex-
pensive than those in the suburbs. Our recent meeting survey indi-
cated that nearly half of attendees (47%) do not want to pay more
than $150US for hotel rooms, even if we are meeting in a major
city. Since we are in the midst of a sellers' market, staying below
that amount is difficult. Dates, too, can make a difference in rates.
We are meeting later than usual in downtown Phoenix, Arizona
in 2009 (Nov 18-22) because the room rates are much cheaper
than the first weekend of November. With flexibility in dates and
locations, we will seek the best prices for our meetings and our

Reminder: The Isis Bibliography from 1975 to the present is avail-
able online with OCLC. Members of the Society may access the History of
Science and Technology Database (HST) through the HSS homepage at
http://hssonline.org. RLG has assigned us "Y6.G19" as a "User Name"
and "HSSDEMO" as a I ,,,I ,i "

Photo of Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis on page 6 taken by Ray Carson
UF News Bureau.

History of Science Society Executive Office

PO Box 117360
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-7360

3310 Turlington Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Phone: 352-392-1677
Fax: 352-392-2795
E-m ail:i nf. I ,, ....il h ..I
Web site: lirp ,1 1 ....1l,, .....1 ,'

Subscription Inquiries: ISIS, OSIRIS, and HSS Newsletter
Please contact the University of Chicago Press directly, at:
',, -.: ,l,,,,,, _. 1. ... ,i, : lii, .,,11 877-705-1878/877-705-1879
pil,,I. fi I toll free for U.S. and Canada.
Or write University of Chicago Press, Subscription
Fulfillment Manager, PO Box 37005, Chicago, IL
',1 ,-7-7363.


Please notify both the HSS Executive Office and the
University of Chicago Press at the above addresses.

HSS Newsletter

Editorial Policies, Advertising, and Submissions

The History of Science Society Newsletter is published in January, April, July,
and October, and sent to all individual members of the Society; those who reside
outside of North America pay an additional $5 annually to cover a portion of
airmail charges. The Newsletter is available to nonmembers and institutions
for $25 year.
The Newsletter is edited and desktop published in the Executive Office on an Apple
system using Microsoft Word and InDesign. The format and editorial policies are
determined by the Executive Director in consultation with the Committee on Pub-
lications and the Society Editor. All advertising copy must be submitted in elec-
tronic form. Advertisements are accepted on a space-available basis only, and the
Society reserves the right not to print a submission. The rates are as follows: Full
page (9 x 7.5"), $400; Horizontal or Vertical Half page (4.5 x 7.5"), $220; Quarter
page (3 x 5"), $110. The deadline for insertion orders and camera-ready copy is
six weeks prior to the month of publication (e.g., 20 November for the January
Newsletter) and should be sent to the attention of the HSS Executive Office at the
above address. The deadline for news, announcements, and job/fellowship/ prize
listings is firm: five weeks prior to the month of publication. Long items (feature
stories) should be submitted seven weeks prior to the month of publication as
e-mail file attachments or on a 3.5" disk i i1.,,. ..i a hard copy). Please send
all material to the attention of Michal Meyer at the HSS address above (e-mail or
disk appreciated).

2007 by the History of Science Society



Vice President

Paul Lawrence Farber, OSU Distinguished
Professor of History of Science and Chair, Depart-
1 .ment of History, Oregon State University, I .,- I11l,
OR. Ph.D., Indiana University, 1970. HSS and
Professional Activities: HSS Council, 1978-
80, 1995-97; Committee on Undergraduate Educa-
tion, 1976; Committee on Programs and Meetings,
1986-89; Co-Program Chair for Annual Meeting,
1993; Chair, Committee on Independent Scholars,
1993-95; Committee on Research and the Profes-
sion, 1993-95; Nomination Committee, 1995-97; Dibner Lecturer, 1996-97;
Committee on Honors and Prizes, 1999-2001 (Chair, I1111,1, Editor, Education
Column, Newsletter, 1999-2005; Committee on Publications, 2004-2008. AAAS,
Secretary of Section L (History and Philosophy of Science), 1996-2004.Journal
of the History of -.. i. Assoc. Ed., 1998-2005, Editor, 2006-present. Awards:
HSS Joseph H. Hazen Education Prize, 2003; AAAS Fellow, 1997. Selected
Publications: "French Evolutionary Ethics during the Third Republic: Jean de
Lanessan," ii i -. .'. i and the Foundation ofEthics, eds. Jane Maienschein,
and Michael Ruse, Cambridge University Press, pp.84-97, Finding Order in
Nature: The Naturalist Traditionfrom Linnaeus to E.O. I ; . Johns Hop-
kins, 2000; "Teaching Evolution and the Nature of Science,"American .*. '
Teacher, 2003: 65(5): 347-54; "Race-Mixing and Science in the United States,"
Endeavour, :l ,-. .7(4): 166-170.

Gregg Mitman, William Coleman Professor of
History of Science and Professor of Medical His-
tory and Science & Technology Studies, Depart-
ment of History of Science/Department of Medical
History and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin-
Madison. Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison,
1988. HSS and Professional Activities: Isis
Editorial Advisory Board, 2004-2006; HSS Com-
mittee on Meetings and Programs, 2002-2004;
HSS Annual Meeting Program Co-chair, 2002;
HSS Nominating Committee Chair, 2001; HSS
Council, 1998-2000, HSS Committee oi.. i ... i.r 1993-1995; ASEH Outreach
Committee, 2006-2008; ASEH Program Committee, 1997. Selected Publica-
tions: Breathing Space: How. I. Shape Our Lives and Landscapes
(Yale University Press, 2007); Reel Nature: Americas Romance with I .
on i' (Harvard University Press, 1999; winner of the 2000 Watson Davis and
Helen Miles Davis Prize from HSS); The State ofNature: ... .'K. Community,
andAmerican Social Thought (University of Chicago Press, 1992; winner of the
Gustav 0. Arlt Award in the Humanities from the Council of Graduate Schools);
Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism, edited with
Lorraine Daston (Columbia University Press, 2005); Landscapes ofExposure:
Knowledge and in Modern Environments, edited with Michelle
Murphy and Christopher Sellers, Osiris, 2d ser (2004); "In Search of Health:
Landscape and Disease in American Environmental History," Environmental
History 10 (2005): 184-209, winner of the 2006 Aldo Leopold-Ralph W. Hidy
Award from ASEH.


James Bartholomew, Professor, Department
of History, The Ohio State University, Columbus,
OH. Ph.D., Stanford University, 1972. HSS and
Professional Activities: Member of Isis Edi-
torial Board, 1988-91; Senior Editorial Board
and contributor, Oxford Companion to the
History of Modern Science, 1997-2003. Awards:
Pfizer Award of the HSS, 1992; Hiromi Arisawa
Award of the American Association of University
Presses, 1990; Fellow of the American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Science, 2006. Fellowships from the National
Science Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, National Endow-
ment for the Humanities, Fulbright Foundation; Visiting Fellow, Institute for
Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ, 1977. Selected Publications: The Forma
tion ofScience in Japan: '. j a Research Tradition (Yale UP, 1989);
"Japanese Nobel Candidates in the First Half of the Twentieth ( .. .1.1 Osiris
Vol. 13 (1998), :.-.- 2 -.4; "One Hundred Years of the Nobel Science Prizes,"
Review Essay, Isis Vol. 96 (2005), 625-632; "Katsusaburo Yamagiwa's Nobel
Candidacy: I1 ......1. or Medicine in the 1920s," in Elisabeth Crawford, ed.
Historical Studies in the Nobel Archives: The Prizes in Science and Medi
cine (2002), 107-131; "Japan," in Ronald Numbers, ed. Cambridge History
of Modern Science (Cambridge UP), forthcoming.

Ronald Brashear, Director of the Othmer
Library of Chemical History, Chemical Heritage
Foundation, Philadelphia, PA. Ph.D. (not com-
S pleted) Johns Hopkins University Profession-
al Activities: Executive Board, Philadelphia
Area Center for the History of Science; Chair,
Local Organizing Committee SHOT Annual
Meeting, 1997; Curator of History of Science,
Technology & Medicine, Huntington Library,
1988-98; Head, Dibner Library of the History of
Science & Technology, Smithsonian Institution, 1998-2006; Curator of the
exhibition, a 1, I Venus: Observing the Transits of Venus, 1639-2004,"
at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution,
March 2004 to September 2005. Selected Publications: "The Transits of
Venus and New Technologies: A Time to Reflect," in The New Astronomy:
Opening the Electromagnetic Window and Expanding our View of Planet
Earth, Wayne Orchiston, ed. (Dordrecht: Springer, 2005), pp. 251-260; Star
Struck: One Thousand Years of theArt and Science ofAstronomy, with
Daniel Lewis (Seattle: University of .,', i.:i ..,-i Press and San Marino, CA:
Huntington Library Press, 2001); "Sharing a Mountaintop: The Smithsonian
Astrophysical Observatory on Mount Wilson," in The Earth, the Heavens and
the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Gregory A. Good, ed. (Washington,
DC: American Geophysical Union, 1994), pp. 89-101.

Mordechai Feingold, Professor of His-
tory, California Institute if I.,Gel.i.l D.
Phil., Oxford University, 1980. HSS and
Professional Activities: Co-Chair HSS
Annual Meeting; Member and Chair of the
Pfizer Prize Committee; Visiting Professor
of the History of Science Society. Selected
Publications: "Robert Hooke, Gentleman
6LW of Science," in Robert Hooke: Tercentennial
6W Studies, eds. Michael Cooper and Michael
Hunter (2006), 203-17; The Newtonian Moment: Isaac Newton and the
Making of Modern Culture (Oxford UP, 2004); "The Origins of the Royal
... ,. in The Practice of Reform in Health, Medicine and Science
1500 2000, eds. Margaret Pelling and Scott Mandelbrotte (2005), 167-83;
S ed. Jesuit Science and the Republic ofLetters (MIT, 2002).

Ed Larson, University Professor of History
Z and Darling Chair, Pepperdine University,
SMalibu, CA; Russell Professor of History,
University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Ph.D.,
University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1985; J.D.,
Harvard, 1979. HSS and Professional
LLJ Activities: Member and Chair, Watson-Da-
vis Book Prize Comm.; Member, HSS Devel-
lIopment Comm.; Coor. Comm. member and
S .W Chair, Forum for Hist. of Sci. in America;
Member, NIH Study Section for Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Human
Genome Project; Founding member, International Society for Science
and Religion. Awards: Pulitzer Prize in History; Fulbright Program's John
Adams Chair; National Civil Liberties Award, ACLU; American Spirit Award,
Conf. on Southern Lit.; DHL, Ohio State Univ Selected Publications:
Trial and Error (Oxford, 1985); Sex, Race, and Science (Hopkins, 1995);
Summer for the Gods (Basic, 1997); Evolution's Workshop (Penguin,
2001); Evolution I' .i i.3.Ii. i il ii 1 2004); Constitutional Convention
(with M. Winship, Modern Library, 2005); Creation Evolution Debate
'i.....1 1 2007); Writings of ... Darrow (withJ. Marshall, Modern
Library House, 2007) i ... Catastrophe (Free Press, 2007).

Susan E. Lederer, Associate Professor,
Yale University School of Medicine, Associate
Professor of History and African American
Studies, Yale University. Ph.D., University
of Wisconsin, Madison, 1987. HSS and
Professional Activities: Member of Isis
Editorial Board, Nominating Committee.
Member, American Association for the His-
tory of Medicine. Selected Publications:
'. .. .' to Science: Human Experimen
station in America Before the Second World War (1995), Frankenstein:
Penetrating the Secret of Nature (2002), and Flesh and Blood: A Cul
tural History . .. and Transfusion in Twentieth Cen
turyAmerica i,,,11 t:,Ii ,r*: Lederer also serves on the editorial boards of
the American Journal of Bioethics and IRB.

Abigail Lustig, Assistant Professor, Department of History, 1 i. il ,, I
Austin. Ph.D., University of I lihf.,,,,, I ..-il,.- 1997. HSS and Professional
Activities: Member of tsi editorial board ,1, ,1 1 -- 14, Selected Publica-
tions: AJ. Lustig, RobertJ. Richards and Michael Ruse, eds., Darwinian Heresies
(Cambridge University Pi., 'ill li "Ant Utopias and Human Dystopias around

World War I," in Lorraine Daston and Femando Vidal, eds., The MoralAuthority of
Nature (University of Chicago Press, 1-4,1

Ronald Rainger, Professor, Department of
History, Texas Tech University Ph.D., History
and Philosophy of Science, Indiana University,
1982. HSS and Professional Activi-
ties: Pr -:i lli. II,, ,,i Science and Society
i PI,,.. ,., 1 11 .11 Science Foundation, 2004-
2006. Pfizer Prize Committee, 1996,1997;
Chair, Pfizer Prize Committee, 1998; Treasurer,
International Society for History, Philosophy
and Social Studies o.f ir..l,.: 1997-1999;
Secretary, History of Earth Sciences Society, 1992-1994. Selected Publica-
tions: "Science at the Crossroads: The Navy, Bikini Atoll, and American
Oceanography in the 1940s," Historical Studies in the Physical and Biologi
cal Sciences, 30 (2000), 349-371; "Constructing a Landscape for Post War
Science," Minerva, 39, (2001), 327-352; Naomi Oreskes and Ronald Rainger,
"Science and Security Before the Atomic Bomb," Studies in the History and
Philosophy of Modern Physics, 31, no. 3, (2001), 309-369; "'A Wonderful
Oceanographic Tool': The Atomic Bomb, I i.11-. i: ii r and the Development
of American ( i:. II..i--i iph. The Machine in Neptunes Garden (Science
History Publications) 2: I. pp. 96-131.

David Rhees, Executive Director, 1992-present,
The Bakken Library and Museum, Minneapolis,
MN. Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1987.
Getty Museum Leadership Institute, 2006. HSS
and Professional Activities: Chair, Commit-
tee on Education (2005-06); local arrangements
for HSS/SHOT Minneapolis meeting, 2005; Visit-
ing Committee, Lemelson Center for the Study of
Invention and Innovation, Smithsonian Institu-
LLa tion, 1997-, SHOT Advisory Council, 1997-2000.
Selected Publications: "Earl Bakken's Little White Box: The Complex Mean-
ings of the First Transistorized Cardiac Pacemaker" ( ..il 1i I.1 l .ii.. I. In Bernard
Finn, ed., Exposing Electronics (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers,
2000); "The Chemists' War: The Impact of World War I on the American Chemical
Profession," Bulletin for the History of i: .j, nos. 13-14 (1992-93): 40-47.
Co-editorwithP. H.iii. 111,1i ii ,l. .:li,1 i 1 j the Electrical Fire:A Cultural
History of the Lightning Rod (submitted for publication).

Nancy Siraisi, professor emeritus, History,
Hunter College and the Graduate Center; City Uni-
versity of New York. Ph.D., City University of New
York, 1970. HSS and Professional Activities:
HSS, Council, 1986-88, Committee on Honors
andPrizes, 1985-.- ..,,ll, ir-I..- Committee,
1995; Renaissance Society of America, president,
1994-96; American Association for the History of
Medicine, Council, 2, -. i-il iii i,. i, ,
Philosophical Society Awards: HSS, Watson Davis
Prize, i' II .. Iii 1,,' L.,i ,i 2,,,,- AmericanAssociation for the History of Medi-
cine, William H. Welch Medal, 1985; Renaissance Society of America, Paul Oskar
Kristeller Lifetime Achievement Award, 2004; American Historical Association, Award
for Scholarly Distinction, 2005. Selected Publkiaiont:I i. I .. .'
HisPupils 111I1 i.'I:I ..I ), i ,, ~ in, .... i, i1,,,,:,.i,, i'. .7);
Medieval andEarly Renaissance MlLd I.'i. iChicag, ', i. .
Mirror: G6,..i Cardano and:. ... .. .' 1111:1.i 1997);His

tory, Medicine, andthe . f Renaissance Learning 11i ',.I i.r ..i' 1.il .-: i
Press, forthcoming 2007).

Thomas Siderqvist, Professor of History of
Medicine and Directo; Medical Museion, University of
Copenhagen. Ph.D., University of Gothenburg, 1986;
Habilitation, Roskilde University, 1998. HSS and
Professional Activities: Chairman of Danish
National Science Foundation's Committee for Science
Studies, 1994-1995; Director of Danish Humanities
Research Council's Network for History and Philosophy
of Science, 1994-1999; Member of the Danish Rector's
Conference Committee for the establishment of a na-
tional science studies curriculum, 2000-2001; Member
of the Danish National Committee for History and Philosophy of Science, 1994-2009;
Board membe; Danish Research School in Philosophy, History of Ideas and History of
Science, 2001-; Editor Bibliotekfor Leger, 1999-2006; Editorial Board, H-SCI-TECH-
MED, 2007-. Selected Publications: "Existential projects and existential choice
in science: Science biography as an edifying genre," in R. Yeo and M. Shortland (eds.),
S Lives: . *' / .. . (Cambridge, 1996); 7.T. .' . ;i.,
ofContemporary Science, .. .'1 (Harwood, !i',,, ... i .-..'-
ography.: he' .... ~:-. .fNielsJerne (Yale, 2003); "Wissenschaftsgeschichte la
Plutarch: Biographie iiber Wissenschaftler als tugendethische Gattung," in H. E. B6deker
(ed.), Biographieschreiben (Gttingen, 200.' i: .. ',t ofContemporary
Science, 7;.. ..'... and . I, .,..'li.,i.-.. 2I ""', co-ed.); ThePoetics of :. ;l.,
inScience, 7.' 'I .: 1 (Ashgate, 2007,ed.).

At-Large Members of

Nominating Committee

Janet Browne, Aramont Professor in the History of
Science, Harvard University, PhD., Imperial College
London, 1978. HSS and Professional Activities:
Former member is Editorial Board; Council HSS 1999-
2, ,,. -.. ii riii., ;Committee, 2000; MemberWatson
D ',l i, i ,., ,,,,,,,r,. 2 a1. I 1Journal
of I. .. ..... 1993-99; Associate Editor he
Correspondence of I.. K;' 1983-90; President
British Society for the History of Science, 2002-4; Awards:
Fellow King's College Cambridge 1996, Pfizer Prize,
2004. Selected Publications: IheSecularArk I 'li .: -...iI .r withW.E Bynumand
R.S. PorterDictionary of I: . ..... (1981); ALifeof i ;. vol. 1,
Voyaging, vol. 2, he Power ofPlace (1995, 2002).

Daniel J. Kevles, Woodward Professor of History
and Chair, Program in History of Science and Medi-
cine, Yale University; Ph.D., History, Princeton, 1964.
HSS and Selected Professional Activities:
Council Membeg 1980-82, 1989-90; Advisory Edito r
Isis, 1981-1983; 1991-1993; Committee on Publica-
tions, 1984-1988; Committee Honors and Prizes, 2001-
2004; Sarton Medal, 2001; Davis Prize, 1999; Executive
Committee, The CollectedPapers ofAlbert Einstein,
2003-; Consulting Editor, Books,American Scientist,
1999-. Selected Publitaihon,:. I rica:A History ofthe United States
coauthoredd; 2002; 2 21i .1, i, L,' . .. .Biologiche e laMedicina, coedited
S in Storia della Scienza, Vol. VII director, Sandro Petruc

cioli (Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana/,_' 1, pp. 659-9. 7. Baltimore
Case (1998); In theName ofEugenics (1985); The Physicists (1978); .:., i1 .. %T
About the Politics of Science?" Social Research, 73 (Fall 2006); "Patents, Protections,
and Privileges: Intellectual Property Protection in Animals and Plants," f. l i:. I ,.
is, June 2007.

Susan Lindee, Professog History 1111 .1d : .
Science, University of Pennsylvania. Ph.D., Comell
University, 1990. HSS and Professional Activities:
Isi_Editorial Board, 1998-2000; Osiri Editorial Board,
2001-2004; Member, Committee on Publications, 1999-
: I G,. i h s,-i UII1 II -. Council, 2002-2005; Women
Sin Science Prize Committee, 1998-2001; Pfizer Prize
Committee 2007-2009; Committee on Research and
the Profession, 1995-1996. Awards: Guggenheim Fellow,
2005; Weiler Fellow, 2004; Burroughs Wellcome Fund
40th Anniversary Award, 1996. Post-doctoral fellowship, National Science Foundation,
1991. Schuman Prize, History of Science Society, 1988. Selected Publications: Mo
. I. ;.Genomic Medicine (ohns Hopkins University Press, 2005). Genetic
i.. .. I '.:.; I andScinceBeyond the ao Culture Dividewith
Alan Goodman and Deborah Heath, edited volume from a Wenner-Gren Foundation
Symposium at Teresopolis, Brazil (University of California Press, appeared inJuly 2003).
The DNA Mystique: The Gene as a Cultural Icon with Dorothy Nelkin (New York: W.H.
Freeman, 1995). Translations:Japanese, 1997; French 1998. New edition, 2004, University
(.1' I,:ili .ll I .. I .. Real American Science andthe Survivors at
Hiroshima (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994).Japanese translation, 2005. She
is currently working on a study of science and war in the United States, 1914-2001.

William R Newman, Ruth N. Halls Professor
Departmentof History andPhilosophyof Science, In-
diana University. Ph.D., Harvard University, 1986. HSS
and Professional Activities: HSS Program Chair
2006, Member, Acad6mie intemationale d'histoire des
sciences, Editorial Board Membe; Early Science and
Medicine, Archimedes, IheNewton f7. .. .1,
Pfizer Prize (with L.M. Principe), 2005, "Alexandre
Koyrd Prize for a Young Historian of Science," 1989,
Schuman Prize, 1986,J. R. Partington Prize, 1982.
Selected Publitalion-: I'. *.. ChymistryandtheExperimen-
tal .*' ... .. Revolution (Chicago, 2006), Promethean Ambitions:
...r .. .. to Perfect Nature l ill: ,-., i,,11,, Ii Tried in the Fire:
;. Boyle, andthe Fate of .. ij ('i 1.: .. 'i'. L withL.M.
Principe). Newman is currently writing a book on Isaac Newton's alchemy, and is the
general editor of the Chymistry ofIsaacNewton project (chymistry.org).

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, Professor, History
of Science, Departments of Zoology and History,
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Ph.D., Comell
University, 1988. HSS and Professional Activi-
ties: Editorial Board, Isis (1995-98), Osiris (1998-
2003); Watson Davis Prize Committee (1997-1999);
Chair, Section L, History and Philosophy of Science,
(2007); Chair, Electorate Nominating Commit-
tee, Fellow (2001), American Association for the
Advancement of Science; Chair, Historical Section,
(1998-2001); Member, Centennial Planning Committee (2003-2006), Botanical
Society of America; Education Committee, (2005-2007), Nominating Committee
(2003-2005); Program Committee 2' I'. I International History Philosophy and So-
cial Studies of Biology; Archivist, Society for the Study of Evolution (1996-present).

Editorial Boards (Active):Journal of History of-. .'. I Endeavour, Museum
History Journal, Social . -. Selected Publications: I ..'l.;-, Up
with Dobzhansky: G. L. Stebbins, Plant Evolution and the Evolutionary Synthe-
sis," History andPhilosophy ofthe Lf :,'t 28 (2006): 11-50; '"It Ain't
Over 'til It's Over': Rethinking the Darwinian Revolution,"Journal of the His
tory of '. I. 38 (2005): 33-49; "The 1959 Darwin Centennial Celebration in
America." Clark Elliott and Pnina Abir-Am eds. Commemorations of ...
SGrandeur Osiris, 14 (1999): 274-323; ii -.'.' i TheEvolutionary
l Synthesis and Evolutionary -. '.. I (Princeton University Press, 1996).

SRobert S. Westman, Professor of History and
SScience Studies, University of California, San
Diego. Ph.D., University i i.: 111971. HSS
and Professional Activities: Advisory Editor,
Isis, Early Science and Medicine, Perspectives
Son Science; HSS Council Member, 1976-78;
1989-92; 2001-2004. Awards: John Simon Gug-
genheim Fellowship, 1976. Selected Recent
t Band Forthcoming Publications: "Coperni
'" k cus and the I i,._.lii. il, ,I. The Bologna Period,
m 1496-1500," Universitas, no. 5 (December, 1993): 1-5; "Two Cultures or One?
A Second Look at Kuhn's The Copernican Revolution," Isis, 85 (1994):79-115;
S "Zinner, Copernicus and the Nazis,"Journal for the History ofAstronomy,
28 (August 1997): 1-13; "Kepler's Early Physical-/ ,ii -..1..i il 1i-...i., ,11 "
SJournalfor the History ofAstronomy, 32:3 1 ..1-:.'ii -, : '1 227-236; The Coper
nican Question (University of California Press, 2008).

Nominating Committee

From Council

Ken Alder, Professor of History, Wilson
Professor of the Humanities, Director of Science
in Human Culture Program, Northwestern
University. Ph.D., Harvard University, 1991. HSS
S and Professional Activities: Member of
HSS Council, 2006-present; Isis Advisory Editor,
1999-2004; Member of SHOT Executive Council,
2004-07;_,.. & Culture Advisory Editor,
1997-present. Selected Publications: The
Lie Detectors: The History of an American
Obsession (Free Press, 2007); The Measure of Things: The Seven Year
Odyssey and Hidden Error that Transformed the World (Free Press, 2002),
and winner of Davis Prize from HSS, Dingle Prize from BSHS, Kagan Prize for
European history; and Engineering the Revolution: Arms and Enlighten
ment in France, 1763-1815 (Princeton, 1997), winner of Dexter/Edelstein
Prize from SHOT. Sample article: "History's Greatest Forger: Science, Fiction,
and Fraud along the Seine." Critical Inquiry 30 ',,-,4, 702-16.

Pamela 0. Long, Independent Historian.
Ph.D. University f 'I I, i 1111, 1979. HSS and
Professional Activities: Isis Editorial Board
(1997-99); Osiris Editorial Board (2004-06).
Editorial Advisory Board, Nuncius ,2, ,I-,'
Executive Council, SHOT, 2000-2003; Editorial
Committee, SHOT (1995-99); Council, HSS,
2007-2009. Awards: Getty Scholar, Getty Re-
search Institute, 2005-06; Davis Fellow, Prince-

ton University, 2005; Rome Prize Fellow, American Academy in Rome, 2004-05;
Morris D. Forkosch Prize for the best first book in intellectual history (2001);
Abbort Payson Usher Prize (T&C article Prize), 1993. Select Publications:
Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge
from Antiquity to the Renaissance (2001); ,.' .'. i. Society, and Culture
in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe, 1300-1600 (2000); 7.. '. -.
and Society in the Medieval Centuries: Byzantium, Islam and the West,
500-1600; (co-editor and co-director), The Book ofMichael ofRhodes: A
S.. ; . ry Maritime Manuscript, 3 vols. t.ii ii:..i,,,.-I co-author,
1,7,.*l ,,2 ry h illIlh lllll:l

r-, Theodore M. Porter, professor, Department
of History, University of California, Los Angeles.
Ph.D., Princeton University, 1981. HSS and
Professional Activities: HSS Council, 1991-
1993 and 2005-2007; Committee on Meetings
and Programs, 1992-94; program chair for
Dec. 1992 annual meeting in ".:' ii h.Ai-i.,I DC;
ri.i I ,I II, committee 1999-2000; committee
on publications, 2000-2004 (secretary, -1 ,, -- ,-.
president, 2003-04); Member (also of two prize
committees) of Forum for History of Human
Sciences of HSS. Selected Publications: author: The Rise ofStatistical
-. *" 1820-1900 (Princeton University Press, 1986), translated into Japa-
nese and Italian; coauthor: The Empire of 1' ... How Probability ..
Science and Everyday Life (Cambridge University Press, 1989), translated
into German; author: Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of '.*. I S in Sci
ence andPublic Life (Princeton University Press, 1995); coeditor, Cambridge
History ofScience, volume 7: Modern Social Sciences (Cambridge University
Press, 2003); translation forthcoming into Chinese; author: Karl Pearson: The
L.. .'i, l,u (Princeton University Press, 2111-1,

Karen Rader, associate professor, Department
(,f I,, 1i. .:11. I -1 Initiative, Virginia Com-
monwealth University, Richmond, VA. Ph.D.,
Indiana University (History and Philosophy
*. of Science), 1995. HSS and Professional
Activities: Isis Editorial Advisory Board (2004-
2007); Committee on Meetings and Programs
( l2tt'I -211114, Chair, 2003-2004); Dibner Visiting
Historian of Science Committee (1999-2001);
2002 HSS Workshop Participant: "History of
Science at Historically-Black Colleges and Uni-
versities [HBCU];" Co-Chair of the Women's Caucus (1996-98); .I. ,1111 ii i.-
Committee for the Forum on the History of Science in America (1996-1999).
Awards: 2005 Visiting Professorship, Institute for Advanced Study, Lancaster
University; 2002-2007 NSF CAREER Grant for !.1,.i, .. on Display: Museums
and the New Life Sciences in America." Selected Pubhl it alion : I' j
Mice: . . i 'for American Biomedical Research (Princ-
eton, 2 '-,, "Scientific Bio-Pics" and "Intelligent Design Causes Controversy
at the Smithsonian:" articles for "Science Cinematheque," An on line exhibit
for the Museum of the Moving Image (New YilI ..' I. Environment,
and Science': An Annotated .:1. ./- of the History ofEnviron
mental Research atArgonne National Laboratory, 1940-1985 (published
as ANL/Hist-4, Argonne National Laboratory Report, Dec 2005); '. I,,-,
Women, Feminism, and De,. i I',i., i !.ii liii... (with Scott Gilbert, 1.i ...
Swarthmore College), inScience, Medicine, .. .... ThelI':ff. 'o,
Feminism Has Made (Chicago, 2001).


News & Inquiries

What do Larry Holmes, William Newman, Susan
Lindee, and Joy Rohde all have in common?
They are past winners of the HSS prize for the best graduate-student essay in
the history of science. The Nathan Reingold Prize (formally the Schuman
Prize) is the History of Science Society's only annual award for graduate
students and carries a $500 a 11.1 il1.i- .1i up to $500 reimbursement to
attend the Society's annual meeting in the '.:' I, i .-i,' .. .. i, area this year.
The deadline is June 1, and we encourage any and all interested students to
submit an essay before the deadline. If you are not a student but have heard
or read an interesting student paper, please encourage him/her to submit
the work for the prize. Electronic submissions (to i f. 1,,-1 il... .1 ,I,' are
preferred. Please see the HSS Web site for instructions and eligibility details:
IMPil ,,,-, 1 .., ... ... ...,.:.r ., .h .,1,,d. h'lld

NASOH Chairs Wanted
The oceanic history conference is fast approaching (May 17-20). The program has
been set, but several panels still need chairs. To learn more about the conference,
pi.. ,. o.:,,i.,1 rr1,-111 .. ,, I hi 1 ..;I To volunteer your services as a panel chair, please
contact H-Maritime Advisory Board memberJoshua Smith: smithj@usmma.edu.

AlP Gives $10,000 to Princeton Archive
The Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics has granted
the 1, l I i. ,it l ii i /in Princeton $10,000 to process the papers of Drs. Harry
Olson (1901-1982) and Vladimir Zworykin (1889-1982). The two physicists
spent the bulk of their careers at RCA Victor in Camden in the 1930s and the RCA
Laboratories in Princeton from its opening in 1942 until their retirements in the
early 1970s.

Harold Varmus Papers
The N ir. i i il di i, of Medicine, a part of the National Institutes of Health,
announces the release of an extensive selection from the papers of molecular
biologist and science administrator, Harold Varmus, on its Profiles in Science Web
site at http://www.profiles.nlm.nih.gov.


Herbs Through History
The Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation presents the exhibition "Virtues
and Pleasures of Herbs through History: Physic, Fl r .. i i i- iin:' and Dye." Open
until 29June 2007. http://huntbot.andrewcmu.edu/.

The Treasures of NOAA's Ark
An exhibit to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration will run until 3 September 2007 at the Pacific Science
Center, Seattle.

Digital Projects & Web Sites

Isis Focus Section Now On Line
The Focus sections from recent issues of Isis are now easily accessible from the

journal's home page (http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/Isis/focus.html). The
December 2006 Focus section examined mathematical stories and featured
articles by Amir Alexander, Mary Terrall, and Joan Richards. The Focus pieces
provide an excellent overview of important themes in the field.

Exhibit on Cosmology
A new Web site shows how scientists have explored the structure of the uni-
verse. "Cosmic Journey: A History of Scientific ( .-J..i..ii comes from the
educators and historians at the Center for History of Physics of the American
Institute of Physics. With more than 35,000 words and 380 striking illustra-
tions, this is by far the most complete web exhibit of its kind: http://www.aip.

HST Database Update
You can now compare Eureka and FirstSearch functions and features in tabu-
lar format. Go to: http://www.oclc.org/services/reference/rlg/firstsearchfor
eureka_users_table.pdf. You can also view a narrative version: http://www
oclc.org/services/reference/rlg/firstsearchfor eurekausers_paragraph.pdf.

New Web site: Darwin in Denmark
The site, part of "The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online" (http://dar-
win-online.org.uk), contains all the 19th-century Danish and Norwegian
translations of Darwin, in electronic text and color image forms, with new
English editorial introductions, an introduction to the reception of Darwin in
Denmark, a complete '.Hil' I .- i ,li of Danish translations and editions, reviews
and reactions to Darwin and historical studies of Darwinism in Denmark. Re-
views of Darwin's works in Danish are forthcoming. The Danish & Norwegian
texts are also available and searchable within Darwin Online itself. English
version: http://www.darwin.au.dk/en/.

Graduate Programs

M.Sc. in Science, Technology, Medicine and
The London Centre for the History of Science, Medicine and Technology announces
a second M.Sc. degree for training in Science, Technology, Medicine and Society. It
emphasizes science policy I,.l c i. ..-: J of science, building on a firm historical
grounding: http://www.londoncentre-hstm.ac.uk.

University of Konstanz
Ten positions are currently available in the doctoral program "Cultures of
Time" in the Center of Excellence EXC 16 "Cultural Foundations of Social
Integration," at the University of Konstanz, Germany For more information
visit: http://www.h-net.org/jobs/display_job.php?joblD=32994.

Call for Papers/Manuscripts/Reviewers

Louisiana State University Press
Louisiana State University Pi'. i, i. :r:'-.i'r .-: 1 .. .-length manuscripts and pro-
posals on a wide range of topics in the history of science and technology If you have a
completed manuscript or proposal, please contact acquisitions editorJoseph B. Powell

atLSU Press I1.. ..,.11.. Ih .il irp, h rI I ... ... .I 11. 1 ., ')or contact
Dr. Wesley Shrum (shrum@lsu.edu) for further information and inquiries.

Call for Reviewers for Canadian Journal of
The CanadianJournal of ." .... I1- .. i. ..if. ....i:,i 1 ,,.-:. of
fields and topics. Please visit ourWeb site (www.usask.ca/history/cjh) for
guidelines and a list of ii ,ib i. i. .. if iyou have not reviewed with us
S before, we also ask that you fill out our online form for reviewers. We are
S also considering articles for inclusion in our late 2007 and 2008 issues. The
CJH/ACH publishes in all fields of history, geographic, temporal, and topical.
S For contact information and guidelines, or to ask any questions, see our Web
site or1'.l1,. u, .l Qi1,.. u i ,

SGreenwood Press Call for Authors
Greenwood Press is currently preparing a two-volume, 270-entry Encyclope-
dia of Plague, Pestilence, and Pandemic whose audience is to be undergrad-
S uate non-specialists. Theelir.I' i11l, 1. ..i'1 1 i i.. 1- 1'i .11 1. 1 1 I -', .: of
specialties. http://campus.belmont.edu/honors/EncyclopediaWebpage.html.

1 History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
HPLS, li.,1\ ul.h1 ,11 .il,.. i r.', ii .'. hI-: I (Naples), encourages HSS mem-
bers to consider publishing on work in the history, pil,'.. ,. andcultural
t.l ...i.. f 1. .1 ..- especially emphasizing the life sciences in the twentieth
century in the journal. Although scholarship from any historical period will
iL be considered, the journal seeks articles that are relevant to contemporary
S workers in the life sciences. For queries, please contact the joumal's Editor-
in-Chief, Keith R. Benson i- i i. ..i .. ,II II. :ii .:i. i. : ..1: I or the journal's
Managing Editor, Christiane Groeben (groeben@szn.it).
As well, HPL would like to offer members of the History of Science Soci-
ety a special subscription offer of $40/year (regular subscription is 50 Euros).
Please send inquiries to the journal's e-mail address (hpls@szn.it).

Darwin and Visual Culture
Contributors are being sought for a volume on Darwin and Visual Culture.
Topics on Darwin's influence on fine art, popular-culture materials or other
circulating visual representations from any country from the late nineteenth
century to the present are welcome. Send two copies of a cover letter, c.v,
essay manuscript (25 to 30 pp, double-spaced, 12 pt), and abstract post-
marked by August 15, 2007 to Barbara Larson, Dept. of Art, University of West
Florida, 11000 University Parkway, Pensacola, FL 32514 and Fae Brauer,
School of Architecture and the Visual Arts, University of East London, 4-6
n i-,i, i .. 1i.d.-1. i16, 2RD, England.

In Memoriam

Samuel Devons
Samuel Devons died on 16 December 2006. He was 92. The son of a rab-
bi in Hanley, England, Devons earned a scholarship to Trinity College,
Cambridge, where he worked under Ernest Rutherford andJJ. Thomson.
Upon graduation he worked on radar projects for the British govern-
ment and taught physics at the University of London. He also taught at
the University of Manchester and Columbia University and wrote about
Newton and Benjamin Franklin, focusing on the history of physics.

Call for


The History of

Science Syllabus


Volume III

The History of Science Syllabus Sampler volumes 1 (1992)
and 2 (2001) have provided an invaluable resource to faculty
members wishing to extend, enrich, and improve their ap-
proaches to history of science in the classroom. The Commit-
tee on Education announces the creation of a third sampler
volume, building on and updating the strong tradition estab-
lished by Sampler I and II editor, Henry Steffens.

The third volume will be an on-line, rather than a print or
"hardcopy" project. This will allow the syllabi to be read-
ily available and easily cross-indexed. It will also eliminate
printing and shipping costs, and allow for the inclusion of
many more syllabi than a print version could accommodate.

The Sampler III project will include syllabi and syllabi sections
fi .,.. 1 .1, i I,.* I I.. i of courses:
Majors: History of Science Courses for History of Science Majors
Minors: History of Science Courses as Enrichment in Other Majors
Harmonics: History of Science Content for Non-History of
Science Courses

Submissions will be refereed. Those selected will be published
as pdf documents accompanied by brief statements on course
philosophy and -ii, iii.ll by their authors. The deadline
for submissions is 30 September 2007.

Please consider submitting your own syllabi, and encourage
your colleagues, teachers, and students to submit their own.

All inquiries and submissions should be directed
to the Editor:
Julie R. Newell
HSS Committee on Education Chair 2007-08

r T e Linnean Society of London is creating a digital archive of The Linnean Society of London has contracted with the
I over 10.7 Terabytes of unique material relating to its historic University of London Computing Centre (ULCC) to create the content
collections, enabling full global access. The Society is guardian of the management system that will deliver the collection of images and
priceless collections of specimens, manuscripts and letters of the great data to the world. The Centre has played a leading role in major
Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778). digital archives projects and initiatives over the past 10 years. ULCC
Carl Linnaeus developed the binomial naming system of plants will also be providing image preservation and hosting services. It is
and animals thatwe are all familiar with today and which provides anticipated the project will be launched by the end of 2007.
^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^B i-^ .-.j,_^ t-,1'.,_ ^ ,.,.i- -. i ,^-i^. ^ ^~ i- i-. t^ 1.. ^T-'-,^ ri-^~ t~ -^^ ^r -^-^--^ 11.- ^- ^ ^ i-^T -^-- ? --i-,

hue lUt meU iiaiallelllwoifKOl KIowieUge oil tle ioa oiui eraLllti,
supporting effective conservation measures and the sustainable use of
Inspection of the collections for research purposes is currently
only possible to those who are able to travel to the Society's rooms in
London where they are stored. The provision of on-line access to these
priceless collections will make this important resource available to the
global community. In 2007 the i.. ,:. r 1,.116. ,ii- i.. three major
elements of its CARLS Programme (Computerised Access to the Col-
lections of the Linnean Society) through making accessible:

* the Linnaean letters
* the Linnaean Herbarium
* l... .'_, ,, : il Collections (insects)

iie lUii oast OL uinnging uni stage lo mue Liineai society s
CARLS Programme to fruition is over 1,000,000 and has been made
possible by generous funding from the Lisbet Rausing Charitable
Fund and from the Society's own resources.
The announcement of the creation of a digital archive comes
during the worldwide celebrations for the Tercentenary of Linnaeus'
birth. The Linnean Society is hosting a comprehensive program,
including scientific meetings, awards, exhibitions and projects. Other
projects within the CARLS Programme thatwill be launched this
year include the "Linnean Plant Name Typification Project" and the
publication of "Order out of Chaos."
Once further funding has been secured, the Society will under-
take additional ventures. These include:
* the digital ii,, r'ii .- f iI..i ni, .. l... .,.:i: i collections (shells,
fish, and bryozoans)
* digital imaging of the Smithian Herbarium
* providing additional online library resources, such as on-line access
to portraits, archives, manuscripts, Fellowship records and certificates.

Linnaean Society: www.linnean.org
ULCC: www.ulcc.ac.uk

New Transcription Reveals Newton's "Theory of Everything"

A new transcription of Isaac Newton's "theory of everything," providing rare
night into the scientist's views on nearly all known natural phenomena, is
now available online to scholars around the world.
In an ongoing project to produce an online scholarly edition of Newton's
work, William R. Newman, professor of the history and philosophy of science at
Indiana University, oversaw the editing of Newton's "Of Natures obvious laws &
processes in ..i,. I ii.11 complete with a hitherto unpublished section in Latin.
The manuscript as a whole is important in part because it shows how
Newton linked alchemy to his early theory of '. ,i iii.i Many alchemists had
argued that an ethereal substance circulated between the center of the earth and
the sun, and that this invisible material was responsible for combustion, for the
subterranean generation of metals, and for the preservation of life in general.
In "Of Natures obvious laws" the young Newton adopted this alchemical theory
and expanded it by saying that the ether pushed matter towards the center of the
earth, hence accounting for why things fall.
The document is held by the Dibner Library for Science and Technology
at the Smithsonian Institution in '.:" ,lil,.-i.I"1 D.C. Approximately 11 pages of

English text are followed by a page and a half of Latin, written upside down. The
pages are riddled with worm holes and the document itself was apparently saved
from the blitz on London in World War II.
Isaac Newton wrote and transcribed about a million words on the subject
of alchemy, in formats ranging from laboratory notebooks to indices of
alchemical substances.
Supported by the National Science Foundation, the project continues to build
a repository of searchable transcriptions with page images.
"Our ultimate goal is to provide complete annotations for each manuscript
and comprehensive interactive tools f .1 ....1-,,,- l1.: the texts," says Newman. To
date, over seven hundred pages have been published and can be keyword searched.
Indiana University's Digital Library Program collaborates closely with New-
man, providing project planning and technical services. The project is affiliated
with The Newton Project ii i- 11.,i ii.; at Imperial College London.

The Chymistry of Isaac Newton can be viewed at: http://www.dlib.indiana.




From Our Members

Babak Ashrafi takes up his new position as Ex-
ecutive Director of the Philadelphia Area Center for
the History of Science on April 1 (see page 15 for

William Berlinghoff and Fernando Q. Gouvea
won the Beckenbach Book Prize from the Mathemati-
cal Association of America for their book Math through
theAges, Expanded:. ... di.iiJ.il ih/MAA and
Oxton House in 2004.

The University of Chicago Press announces the ap-
pointment of Karen Merikangas Darling as
editorin -. ll: ,1,. 1 ,,,,,, f-., I1 i,,,- 1I ,l.I ,,,,1i
social studies of science and technology.

Robert Marc Friedman was named the first recipi-
ent of the Lise Meitner Prize for the advancement of
physics, established by the new joint Center for Physics
at Gothenburg and Chalmers Technical Universities.
The committee cited Friedman's contributions to his-
tory of science, including his book on the Nobel Prize,
The Politics ofExcellence, and especially his play,
"Remembering Miss Meitner."

Thomas Hockey
is now Vice-Chair,
American Astronomi-
cil .. :... r iihl,.ivof
Astronomy Division.

Gerald Holton,
in September 2006,
gave in Madrid GERA HtTOmN

the annual series of invited lectures sponsored by the
BBVA Foundation. His topic was "The Art of Scientific
Ii ,.. .\i- in.. ii and they are to be published in books
(Spanish and English).
Abdul Nasser Kaadan has been awarded the Bas-
selAl-Assad Prize for his work in the history of medical
research. He is the founder and the secretary general
of the International Society for the History of Islamic

Nancy J. Nersessian was elected a Fellow of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Gregory Radick has been promoted to Senior
Lecturer in History and Philosophy of Science, and will
serve as Chair of the Division of History & Philosophy
of Science at the University of Leeds for 2006-2008.

Simon Schaffer, University of I li iii'.-i.. will give
the fourth annual lecture at the Research Department
of the Nobel Museum in Stockholm, Sweden on 4
June 2007. Entitled !, ... !..i. i.,,,i- i Public
Experiments ( fi.. i i Ii I...nii.ri,,...i- the

lecture is part of a series
sponsored by Neale
Watson, president and
founder of Science His-
tory Publications/USA,
and an HSS member
for more than three
decades. For further
information contact the
Research Department,


Nobel Museum, or, iii 1. .... ,
lecture.html to see posters from prior lectures.

Robert Smith (University of i- I'1. is now the
Charles A. Lindbergh Chair in Aerospace History for
2007 at the Smithsonian Institution.
John Rudolph, associate professor in the School
of Education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison,
received the History of Education Society's Best Article
Prize for his essay "Epistemology for the Masses:
The Origins of 'the Scientific Method' in American
Schools," which was published in History of Education
Quarterly (Fall 2005). Rudolph's piece was chosen
from among all articles published in 2004 and 2005
on the history of education broadly conceived. The
prize was awarded at the society's 2006 annual meeting
in Ottawa, Ontario.

The Division of the History of Chemistry of the
American Chemical Society (HIST) announces that
Anthony S. Travis of the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem has been selected to receive the 2007 Sidney
M. Edelstein Award for Outstanding Achievement in
the History of Chemistry Travis works on the history of
the synthetic dyestuffs industry and the history of the
European chemical industry in general.

Virginia Trimble has been appointed to the Advi-
sory Council of the Las Cumbres Observatory Global
Telescope Network. Her term as chair of the Forum
on History of Physics of the American Physical Society
ends on 15 April 2007.

Jeremy Vetter recently took up a new position as As-
sistant Professor of Environmental History and History
of Science at Dickinson College (Carlisle, PA).

JB .." *.. ... .. .' 'for
Space For full descriptions and for the latest
announcements, please visit http'/hssonline.
org. The Society does . j ,, i; ,'
accuracy ofany item, and interestedpersons should :., 1 all details. hose who
wish topublish ajob announcementshouldsendan electronic version ofthepost
ing to newsletter@hssonline.org

Kean University invites applications for three history positions: Modem European
I i~r.. r I .1- I f I ..1: ,:,...: Technology, and American History. Review of applications
will continue until the position is filled. 1I -n,, h 1 ..-,;, 1 September 2007. Send letter of
interest, c.v, and three letters of reference to Kean University 100 Morris Ave., Union, NJ
0708:. rii. I I l I, -1 y Department. Further information: http://www.kean.edu.
The Department of Medical History and Bioethics at the University of
Wisconsin-Madison invites applications for a nine-month visiting appointment at
the assistant professor level in the history of medicine and public health, beginning Fall
2007. Candidates should possess a Ph.D. in the history of medicine, the history of science,
(, 1, ,i.. ppli rin.ii ii, i.:li .i .- I c.v, writing samples, and the names of three refer-
ences with postal and e-mail addresses and phone numbers, should be sent to Warwick
Anderson, Chair Department of Medical History and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin,
1300 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706. The UW is an EO and AAE.

The University of Konstanz invites applications for the position of research group
leaderfor the fellows group i.,..,,i,, .. .I:I i i, i i" (salary scaleEG 14TV-L).
The research focus includes semantics and rhetorical structures of social sciences and
humanities discourses as well as related non-scholarly political, media, etc. knowledge
orders in their historical transformation. For additional information visit http/Avww.

The University of Konstanz is seeking to fill ten positions in -1' 1. :ir. i. 11 lp..'-i 1
"Cultures of Time" in the Center of Excellence EXC 16 "Cultural Foundations of Social
Integration," funded by the Excellence Initiative of the federal and state governments.
Each position has a duration of 24 months; a 12-month extension is possible upon a
successful performance exam (Leistungspriifung).

The Chemical Heritage Foundation ii I- ll.,' 11il.: h111i.i I ..i pI..i i."' 11ii' "' ..
of Environmental History and Policy. The program manager will develop and manage
projects on environmental history and policy and will propose, design, and implement
projects on topics at the interface of environmental science and technology with industry,
government, and environmental non-government organizations. To apply send: a cover
letter briefly outlining skills, experience, and your vision for the area; examples of relevant
project ,l' ii 1 1,11:l.,1 1.. .- .1 .,1h : i.I ..iri11, -..i ....1i .: and contact inform action for two
references to Arthur Daemmrich, Chemical Heritage Foundation, 315 Chestnut Street,
Philadelphia, PA 19106. For more information e-mail 111IIII.II1.. i :1l.,-l. .r,-. ...

Antioch College invites applications for a tenure-track position as Assistant Professor
if ,,:I,, ,, ,_. i,.._-IIii 111 September 2007. We are interested in candidates who can con-
tribute to areas such as gender studies, African-American/Africana studies, environmen-
tal studies, or international studies. Candidates should submit a letter of interest, a c.v,
sample of teaching evaluations, copy of transcripts, and three current letters of reference
to Lisa Lowery, Employment Specialist, Antioch College, Human Resources Department,
150 E. S. College Street,',,.11, .1 ''"r- OH 45387. Further Information: httpl/ww.
Cambridge University i, i'.:'-r.. t11'.1.: i 11.. f. t ...i i .t1..- b i ii. :111.-'
associate in History of Modem I,..,.ii:.. i i ....l._.-I The successful candidate will take
up appointment on or before 1 October 2007 and must have finished a Ph.D. before

the starting date. Informal enquiries may be made to the Administrator, Tamara Hug
(thl0001@cam.ac.uk). Tli.. :1..,ii.. .1 II. 1f, ,I pl.. : i rin Ii, i, 16 April 2007. Interviews
will be held on 18 May 2007. Further information:_http /vwwhps.cam.ac.uk/jobs/.
The University of Minnesota Center for Bioethics offers a tenure-track
position. Rank is open. Experience in any of the following is desired but not re-
quired: ethics and public health, pharmacy ethics, or research ethics. Apply on-line
at https://employment.umn.edu/ and refer to either academic requisition #146093
(tenure) or 146094 (tenure-track). Along with application, please attach a c.v and
a writing sample. Questions may be directed to Carl Elliott, at 612-626-5347 or
e-m ail l. Ill.l 1 11,. I.,IIi ..11 1.

Grants, Fellowships, and Prizes

'. .. '. .... spacee Forfulldescrptionsandfor
the latest announcements, please viit our Web ,. i-. -. The Society
does not assume responsibility for the accuracy ofany item, andpotental applicants
,b,1 .' ..',' all details, ,.. ..'. dates, with the organization or foundation
of interest. Those who wih to publish a grant, fellowship, or prize announcement
S... newsletter@hssonline.org.
Beckman Center Visiting Scholar Program Travel Grants
The CHF Beckman Center Visiting Scholar Program offers grants to help defray the
direct costs of conducting research in the Chemical Heritage Foundation's Othmer
Library and archival, artifact, and art collections in Philadelphia. Further information
visit: http://wwwchemheritage.org or e-mail: ti r. '.1.-;. ,ii i, 1. lIil I i .i. I ._-

2009 DHST Prize for Young Scholars
The International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science, Division of History of
Science and Technology (IUHPS/DHST) invites submissions for the first DHST Prize for
Young Scholars for doctoral dissertations completed afterJuly 2004. Applications must
be in English and received at the Office of the DHST President no later than 31 August
2008: Prof. Ronald L. Numbers (mumbers@wisc.edu), Department of Medical History
and Bioethics, 1300 University Avenue Madison, WI 53706-1532.

2007 Burnham Early Career Award
The Forum for History of Human Science invites unpublished manuscript submis-
i .,,1 fi i lt, ii IC. Bumham Early Career Award for 2007. It is intended for scholars,
including graduate students, who do not hold a tenured position and are not more
than seven years past the Ph.D. Submit manuscript and c.v by 15June 2007, to Nadine
Weidman, Secretary of FHHS, 138 Wobum St., Medford, MA 02155. Further information:
h PrrI % % lh ,l i _.-

2007 FHHS Article Award
The Forum for History of Human Science invites submissions for its Article Award
for 2007. The competition is for published articles appearingwith an imprint date of
2004-2006 inclusively Deadline: 15June 2007. Send three copies of the article to Nadine
Weidman, Secretary of FHHS, 138 Wobum St., Medford MA 02155. Further information:
htrr1p i 11i. 1 i ...

Lawrence Memorial Award
Given to support travel for dissertation research in systematic botany or horticulture, or
history of the plant sciences. Professors may nominate students who hav achieved of-
ficial candidacy Letters of nomination and supporting materials should be received by the
Committee by 1 May 2007 and directed to: Dr. R. W Kiger, Hunt Institute, Carnegie Mel-
lon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 U.S. Tel. 412-268-2434.

The H. Richard Tyler Award
This award sponsored by the American ': l1.,,i f';....1 ._.- (AAN) encourages
historical research using the AAN Rare Books Collection at the Bernard Becker Medical
Library at the '". i,1 i .- 11i University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO. Applications
can be submitted online from the AAN Web site at: http /www.aan.com/awards. Further
information, visit httpl/becker.wustl.edu/aan.

The University of Oklahoma Travel Fellowship Program
The AndrewW. Mellon Travel Fellowship PI,,. i, 1.11 .ll, i ,i1. .i, make use of the
University's History of Science Collections. Proposals from scholars at both predoctoral
and postdoctoral levels are evaluated continuously upon receipt. E-mail: kmagruder@
,.1 .il...,, ,, I i, ,.i-.. .,._. .1.,.. Web site: http/libraries.ou.edu/etc/histsci/mellon.asp.

Grants in Aid for History of Modern Physics
The Center for History of Physics of the American Institute (f lL. ,i:, I, 1 1'.'' "
of grants-in-aid for research in the history of modem physics and allied sciences and
their social interactions. Apply to: Spencer Weart, Center for History of Physics, American
Institute of Physics, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740. E-mail: sweart@
aip.org. Phone: 301.209.3174. Fax: 1 -.1 1209-0882. Deadlines:l 5 April, 15 November.
bhrrp .. 1, ; i l.. I- '.

INA Grant-in-Aid Program
The Iii.i II, r i, 1 ..1.... :1 .,1, i ,, .ii : .-I 7 _Archives (INA) grants are to support
research at the INA at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center Archives, Nashville,
Tennessee, U.S. Deadlines are:l March, 1 June, 1 September 1 December Applications
should be sent to: INA Grant-in-Aid Program, c/o CINP Central. Office, 1608 17th
Avenue South, Nashville, TN, 37212, U.S.

NYAM Student Essay Prize
The New York Academy of Medicine invites entries for the New York Academy of Medicine
Student Essay Prize, awarded to the best unpublished essay by a graduate student in a
medical, nursing, pharmacy, or public health program in the U.S. The winnerwill receive
$500, and the winning essay will receive expedited review for possible publication in the
Journal of Urban Health. For more information, please call us at 212.822.7314, or visit:
http Avwwnyam.org/grants/studentessayshtml, or e-mail: historyessay@nyam.org.

Scientific Instrument Society Research Grants
The Scientific Instrument Society awards small grants for research on the history of
scientific instruments. Grants may be used to cover any costs of research, including travel
and photography Applications can be submitted at any time and will be reviewed by the
Society's Committee. Application forms and further i. ii. ,r 1 i i li. h ii l IIr 11, q.


Photo Essay

The Higginson Telephone

t was a Western Electric model 20AL the most common candlestick phone
on the market. It looked pretty much like any other candlestick phone the
type used by Sam Spade in the Maltese Falcon but this one had a small brass
plaque attached to the neck which read:
"This instrument used by Maj. Henry L. Higginson at Boston, Mass. to open
the Transcontinental telephone line with Thomas A. Watson at San Francisco, Cal.
Monday eveningJanuary 25,1915. Transmitterc.lii i..'. .-, iilii..l i i,ii,.i
Intrigued, I asked the owner about it. He said it was sold to him by another

collector who had 0dl.ii. ,.1 ii iii f,., i ii. 1.1 r..f i .-i. 1 ..i I hadn't heard of Hig-
ginson, and knew little about the transcontinental telephone line. But this was too
good to pass up, so I bought the phone and began my research.

Henry Higginson
Henry Lee Higginson was a noted Bostonian banker and philanthropist.
As a young man during the Civil War, he and his seven friends joined the army,
where he served with distinction and attained the rank of major. Six of the seven
friends were killed in the war, a terrible personal loss that would profoundly
shape the rest of his life.


An avid music lover, Henry Lee Higginson founded the Boston Symphony Or-
chestra in 1881 and was its chief benefactor. In 1890, by then a successful banker,
Higginson donated 31 acres to Harvard University. He dedicated the gift to his fallen
friends, asking that the property be called "Soldiers Field. I.,i a large marble
marker at the field's entrance recognizes Higginson's gift, and the friends that he
held so dear.
h._.1._.I ,- 1 .11ll .1 i n il. jl 1 I
deeply rooted in the sense of honor
he felt for his lost friends. In a letter
to historian James Ford Rhodes,
he said: "If my nearest and dearest
playmates had lived, they would
have tried to help their fellows, and
as they have gone before us, the l
greater need for me to try- and the
many tasks are still before us."
Higginson's connection to the
telephone came through the busi-
ness of his firm, Lee, Higginson and
i "' ''iii !....: .... the firmwas
one of the early financial backers
of American Bell (which became
American Telephone and Telegraph
in 1900), Higginson was invited
to participate in the events around
the first transcontinental telephone
call. The call took place between
New York and San Francisco on
January 25, 1915.

The Transcontinental Tele-
phone line
The transcontinental
telephone line linking the Atlantic
seaboard with the West Coast was
completed in the summer of 1914.
Over 1 -. n i ....i 8 copper
wire were laid; four wires crossing
13 states on 130,000 poles. Six 1i...
repeater stations featuring the ,
new DeForest audion vacuum
tube amplifier were required to I ,, I I.,.,,,,, ,liii vii
maintain the signal at acceptable M,,, ,, .1.. lin i ii.. I, ,,l.. .,. nI, .
levels. The rate for a three-minute
call: $20.70
Strict orderswere given thatAT&T I,. ., d Il I ..I.. i. i .. ,,:. ,,,, il.i i.
the first to be heard across the line. Th h ., I 1 i .... .:1. ih. ii. ii. i ii ..I I .1 .....
which ensured no single engineer's voi .:. I i : iII.I :.. i I ..:.. ii i ,, ll ,
July 29, 1914, with little fanfare, Vail spr . iit. hi, .. , I, i, 1 I .1 I .: i: ,,.
continent. Officials had planned for th.. I .,ii. .:1hli iln. I... 1hi. i :..ii :, .il,
the opening of the Panam a-Pacific Ex ,,,ir..,11 II Ii.. I .I,:.. .. ....l.tI,. i. i..i
Park), in San Francisco, but since the .. i. '. ihiI.I ii .1. I .I li .. II 1i,
public event opening the line had to w ii

The Panama Pacific Exposition
In 1906 San Francisco was devastated by a great earthquake and fire. Only nine
years later the Panama Pacific I. i'" ir ..1 ..i..1 I i.,ates -not so much as a tribute
to the completion of the Panama Canal asa .i -I.,,1 .11 1. i i.i. f the rebirth of the city.
And grand it was. The eleven exhibit palaces covered over 64 acres. A Ford assem-
bly line was set up in the Palace of Transportation and turned out one shiny black
Model-T every 10 minutes for three hours every afternoon. The entire area was illu-
minated by the latest developments in indirect lighting by General Electric. Thomas
Edison, Henry Ford and other greats were seen frequenting the grounds of the fair.
On opening d I ri i.. 1. i ... -.1., il 1 used a wireless apparatus from his office
in .' ,11 i .i.i D.C. to start the diesel-driven generator that supplied all of the direct
current used in the Palace. There was excitement and wonder in the air.
The magic continued onJanuary 25,
1915, when ti. i. -4 in i k.. -..I II Ir I.....
York and San Francisco suddenly vanished
is the trrnsmntinentil telephone line s
oIhl ill ,1 l. i il,.. i I .lii, ii Il. ul l i :i ,'..' Ih,
,Il, 1 I..1 <.1 .1 I II [.. 11 s t..I, l ..I u ti.. i l




,Wolds Rcord 'Lng -Distaice Unc
Works Witbouf a Hitc

in San Francisco, replied, "It would take me, .i .i- .'I ..'
Henry Lee Higginson and a group of officials waited in Boston. In front of them
sat the latest in telephone technology, a Western Electric Model 20AL desk telephone.
At 8:00 p.m. eastern time, Higginson picked up the phone and placed a call to
Watson waiting in San Francisco. After exchanging pleasantries, Higginson handed
the phone to Boston MayorJames M. Curley, who spoke with his counterpart, San
Francisco MayorJames Rolph. Theodore Vail again joined in fromJekyll Island, and
a host of other officials took their turn at participating in this historic event.
The opening events were only a prelude. Exhibitions and demonstrations were staged
daily and included remote "conversations" with famous people such as Thomas Edison,
Admiral Peary, and many others. An Indian chief spoke from Winnemucca, Nevada, and
two Chinese exchanged greetings in their native tongue, offering a simple but effective
demonstration that the line could transmit a foreign language. Visitors were also treated
to the sound of the surf crashing on the rocks of the Atlantic Ocean. One of the most
impressive demonstrations took place in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. A telephone
transmitter was placed inside the Liberty Bell, and when it was tapped with wooden mal-
lets, the ring of the old bell was heard in San Francisco. It broke a silence of 80 years, the
bell having cracked while tolling the death of Chief Justice Marshall in 1835.
The transcontinental telephone line show at the AT&T theatre would be one of the
most popular exhibits of the fair, from opening day until the gates closed on December
4th, 1915. [lii f,,.. i"h. 11 the line continued to capture -l. p1.,1li,: illi i.. I.11ii Ii
heard in The Ziegfeld Follies' "Hello, Frisco," the most popular tune of 1915.
Western Electric 20AL telephones, like the one Higginson used, were introduced
in 1915 and made by the millions. But a small brass plaque attached to the neck
makes this one unique: a tribute to that magical day when east met west, when the
peal of an historic old bell in Philadelphia was heard all the way to San Francisco
- the opening of the transcontinental telephone line.
Today, the I '.'.,. .' is on display at theAmerican Museum ofRadio
andElectricity in .. Washington.
By John D. Jenkins
The American Museum of Radio and Electricity


Q&A: Rachel Ankeny, the HSS's New Treasurer

Down Under

What does the HSS Treasurer do?
I look after the money. That ranges from the day-to-
day income and outflow of the Society (including our
various donor programs); the business operations; and
Administering grant monies such as the new NASA
p fellowship.
How did you end up as Treasurer?
The HSS is a stable society it's a smooth operation. I
1,,._ 1ih I i, I ,.....1 I.. ,ltotake on, as I'm landing in
a place that's financially solid, not a society that needs
a lot of work to get it back to where it should be, which
allows us to pursue newprojects and continue to build
toward the future. As Treasurer Marc Rothenberg did
Sl, II I 11.1 111 ,1 h 1... % 1 .. n,.. .l 1 ..If r .1- I, .11i ,.1. ..1
oriented and that has made it relatively easy for me to
step in. The electronic age makes it straightforward to
manage financial accounts even though I am not based
in the U.S.

What are your plans as Treasurer?
First, the Society has financial goals that we need to
meet, such as the NEH grant and making certain that
our prizes and projects can continue. A second goal is
encouraging and findingways to help graduate students
attend meetings, as well as stay in the profession and
feel comfortable in it, to be members of the Society
and to contribute to it. Part of that is atmosphere and
environment part of it is financial. Without the next
generation, the Society will not survive. The third issue
is the considerable percentage of our members who
are based outside of North America (31%). We don't
see those people every year and we don't often think of
ourselves as an international society We need to think of
and promote the i.. :.r Ii.. .. 1l, ..i1 f..r example, by
having meetings and activities outside of North America.
I also hope that I can foster opportunities for interactions
between HSS and related societies, particularly the PSA,
as I think interdisciplinary exchanges make for better
understanding of science.
How did you arrive at history and philosophy
of science?
My undergraduate degree I I. ihi-il ii il i using a
Great Books curriculum, and I did a lot of primary-text
studies of science and math, which got me interested in
doing history and philosophy of science (HPS). I didn't
actually know that there was a field called HPS, but I
knew I wanted to look at science in the context in which
it was practiced. I took time off between undergrad and
graduate studies, and worked as an editorial assistant
at the Encyclopedia Britannica. Many of our authors
came from the HPS community When I was ready to
retum to school, I asked these people how to study what

I was interested in, and they pointed me to HPS. I went
to graduate school at Pittsburgh where I studied HPS as
well as bioethics and philosophy I worked on the faculty
there after I graduated, and then at Connecticut College.
I moved to Australia in 2000.
What are the differences between Australia
and the U.S.?
There was no initial culture shock for me. I had been
visiting Australia frequently before I moved, and I have
family here. Everyone speaks English so you think the
culture is roughly the same as the U.S., but it is deceptive
as becomes clearwith time. Academically, there were not
many big differences at first. I taught at the University
,f I. I... ,, n.i :1 1. 11 '"1l. 1i. a high quality state
university in the U.S. More recently we have come under
increasing financial and other pressures to produce
measurable academic outputs, which is changing the
nature of the university What students do is different.
They specialize fairly quickly and don't have liberal arts
or humanities distribution requirements, so we get a
different type of student, often more serious about doing
HPS itself. In Australia there is a long tradition of HPS,
which differs from many places in the U.S.; however,
most of our major HPS departments have recently been
closed or amalgamated into larger schools, so the future
of HPS is unclear. I currently serve as the chair of the
HPS national committee of the Australian Academy of
Science, and in that capacity hope to be able to continue
to promote the field despite these changes.
What have you been doing since your move
to Australia?
At Sydney I was director of the Unit for HPS from 2000-
2005, which was located in a science faculty I enjoyed
being there as it gave me contact with practicing scien-
tists and allowed me to teach science as well as humani-
ties students, and also to build up a strong department of
scholars and teachers working in different areas of HPS,
and more recently a graduate program in bioethics. At
the University of Adelaide, where I moved this year, I'm
in a school of history and politics, which allows more
time for research (and fewer administrative responsibili-
ties). I retain an affiliation and have ongoing research
p,,I,.,:h i ..1,,. i wellasonthe 'Facts' historical
project at London School of Economics and the Embryo
Project at Arizona State University, which allow me to
interact with my international HPS colleagues. I do the
usual reviewing, refereeing, and committee work for

i..lii, ,l. l i .fthe History of-

What are you working on?
My research covers three intersecting areas: first, the

history and philosophy of
contemporary biomedical
sciences and of medicine,
where I focus on the 'model
organism' concept but also
have examined epistemologi-
cal issues in the practice of
medicine. Second, bioethics (I have a separate master's
degree in that),, l .,1. i 1 . .,.... .. I l l I ..I In.. r.
projects looking at the intersection of bioethics, policy,
and public understanding of science (for example,
debates over stem cell research). Third, I am work-
ing in a new research area for me which relates to
my affiliation at Adelaide with a graduate program in
gastronomy a multidisciplinary program focused on
the history and culture of food and drink (I also have a
MA. in gastronomy). The history of food and food ethics
crosses overwith the history, pl., li. ,1 I,. I l.il.l:
understanding of science. For example, in a recent
paper I examined a new trend in haute cuisine called
'molecular gastronomy' using the principles of science
in order to control the properties of food and create new
combinations which are often bizarre. It's usually done
by food scientists or chefs who invoke the rhetoric that
:, ,iii, ,, , i., I, ,f , 1,., ,.,l i.i l ..i ;,, ,, .i ,f ,, ,irI,, ,l il ,ii, 1. -h
science. It's the same rhetoric that we as historians of
science know became problematic in science, and that
is important to consider as we think about these and
other trends in consumer demand with regard to food.
More generally, a lot of the things that are issues in
food ethics and food policy today are related to science:
GMOs (genetically modified organisms), irnI.. I .. ,I i.
or sustainable, food safety and purity There is a long
history to all these issues that often isn't brought into the
debate about policy and ethics. I'm trying 1.. bi l i,. i.
'IP'PI I. .I .- I ,.- .l I

Both history and philosophy are important to
you. Why?
Much of the history people do nowadays is focused on
experimental practices and ends up including a lot of
philosophical issues. Most of my research in HPS has
been driven bye i'. .I. lu : 1, 11 i 'u..riii, ii1 i don't
think I could do it without having the background of
interdisciplinary HPS. I have a hard time distinguish-
ing between disciplinary boundaries. I see myself as
d I-i in II 11..11,11.1pl1 11, II ..i. i n. ir..11. i this com plex
undertaking we call science. That's why I am an active
member of both PS III.,1 I... i11] i1.. i%1i I...14i.i.
with several colleagues I have helped to start a new, more
iif Ih. Iii, 1 l h I in. i 1 ,. Ii in. Ir called the Society
for the Philosophy of Science in Practice which aims to
[,., -. ,. .. 1 .riI.-: f,. 1 1.. 1 1 -.. 1.. I, 1, 1.. , ,,,, f I.,, .,.



Babak Ashrafi, Executive Director of PACHS

In Babak Ashrafi's future office, the walls are being painted. The new, and
first, Executive Director of the Philadelphia Area Center for History of Science
(PACHS) took up his position on 1 April 2007, in rooms provided by the American
Philosophical Society. Ashrafi, who moves from the American Institute of Physics,
says the PACHS mandate will be to promote scholarship in, and public understand-
ing of, history of medicine, science and technology.
PACHS will undertake three kinds of activities to meet its mandate, says
Ashrafi. "First is to provide fellowships for research in the collections of consortium
institutions. These fellowships will initially be available only to graduate students,
and will be made available to other scholars in the next few years. Second is to
contribute to understanding and awareness of the history of science by organizing
events and producing materials for various audiences outside academia. And third
is to have a rich Web infrastructure for scholars and the public that will leverage
the activities and collections of the consortium institutions."
The consortium is a large one: The Library Company of Philadelphia; Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, Department of History ;a111 d... :. 1. .-_ of Science; American
Philosophical Society; Program in History of Science at Princeton University;
College of Physicians of Philadelphia; Academy of Natural Sciences; Franklin In-
stitute; Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Wagner Free Institute of Science; Hagley
Museum and Library; and the Chemical Heritage Foundation.
"There is a long history of collaboration between the founding institutions,
and much overlap between their separate collections in history of medicine, sci-
ence and I,..:i i i. .-. says Ashrafi. "Establishing PACHS is a way of strengthening
their :..11, 1.,i ii.i i ', ,l ,ii:.1 I'1 .-, use of their holdings in these fields."
Martin Levitt, Librarian at the American Philosophical Society, came up with
the initial idea for PACHS in 2004. Now that it's up and running, with startup
support from the Sloan Foundation and four years of National Science Foundation
funding through a grant to the American Philosophical Society, the first priorities
are to start up student fellowships, build the infrastructure, and organize outreach
and conferences. PACHS plans include two types of conferences, says Ashrafi:
meetings that are open to the general public and those that promote scholarship
on specific topics. The first two meetings are already being organized. i. .1..., 11
Global Environment: New Historical Perspectives on the Field Sciences" will be
held 10-12 May 2007 in honor of Robert E. Kohler. A conference on Arctic and Sub-
Arctic Exploration is being planned for May 2008.
Ashrafi came to the history of science after completing a physics Ph.D. in
high-energy theory at Stony Brook in 1995. His prior degree was at MIT, where
he took philosophy and history classes while completing degrees in physics and
mathematics. "When I was working on my Ph.D. in physics, I was also reading
Shapin and Schaffer, Sharon Traweek, Evelyn Keller, Andy Pickering, Jed Buchwald
and Peter Galison." After finishing his degree, Ashrafi found himself back in
Boston with a free three months before his job began. "Through the serendipity
of meeting people such as Diane Paul, Evelyn Keller and Sam Schweber, and then
getting introduced to the next person, I got to the colloquia at Harvard and MIT
and began sitting in on seminars. At one point Peter Galison asked me to help
teach a history of twentieth-century physics course. I decided to stay on and try
to make the switch in fields. Fortunately, MIT and the Dibner Institute made that
possible with a fellowship."
In 2000, while completing a Ph.D. in historical and social studies of science
and technology at MIT, Ashrafi moved to the Sloan/Dibner History of Recent Sci-

ence and Technology Project, a Web-based collaborative history project. "It was an
attempt to use the Web as a collaborative medium among historians and scientists.
We established five collaborative groups and built a Net-based infrastructure to do
interviews online, to build interactive timelines, and to collect and annotate docu-
ments ain.lli i.li .. i i... on line." The inevitable technical issues cropped up,
as well as the familiar historical ones, such as how to deal with living historical
actors and how to tell their stories. "Another issue was that of collaboration. We in
the humanities can be very individualistic, even as we study others' communities
and institutions. So that was a tremendous learning experience for me."
The next move was to the American Institute of Physics in -'111 as associate
historian at the Center for History of Physics. Ashrafi worked on the oral history
collection (which dates back to 1960 and now includes around 1,500 histories),
helping to add to the collection and to administer and digitize it. As well, he
worked on improving access to the Center's Web-based c iil. 11. Fi l11 J, fi
continued his own research on the development of quantum mechanics. "I've
been working on three figures, Max Born, Victor Weisskopf, and H. A. Kramers.
There was a period in the 1930s and 1940s when there was a broad range of ideas
about the most promising questions to pursue in order to advance the recently
developed quantum mechanics. It's an exercise in how scientists develop, share,
and invest in questions when the hints are few and the consensus i, .,. i-
Building PACHS will take up all of Ashrafi's time for the next few years. "It is
beginning very small but is huge in ambition." To that end, he is eager to work
with other institutions that wish to become affiliated or to help develop programs,
as well as with individuals who would like to participate.
PACHS's strength will be through the partnerships it forms, Ashrafi says. "We
hope it will be a crossroads that many historians will pass through, either for short
trips or long stays. We don't have a particular point of view that we're trying to
push. I hope that people will find it to be an intellectually open minded but skepti-
cal environment. I hope that by being a site of rich resources for research and
rigorous debate among scholars from a broad variety of approaches, PACHS will
contribute to excellent scholarship."
By Michal Meyer
(E-mail BabakAshrafi: .i,h I,.i. "-.hi,..: ..i.l
PACHS be holding a reception at the 2007 HSS meeting during which there
be presentation about the PACHS programs. Members of thefounding
institution be therefore discussion and to answer any questions.

PACHS Origins

An Executive Committee of representative institutions, along with several inter-
ested parties and distinguished historians of science, was responsible for creating
an establishing document, a strategic plan and budget, and the vision of how
PACHS will serve the history of science community and the public. Of particular
note were the contributions of Ruth Schwartz Cowan (University of Pennsylva-
nia), Angela Creager (Princeton University), Ed Morman t. .,,i- I. College of
Physicians of Philadelphia), Robert Peck (Academy of Natural Sciences), George
Vogt (formerly, Hagley Museum and Library), and American Philosophical
Society staff and Fellows, including Head of Development, Nanette Holben.


Future Meetings

Calls for Papers

....". .. ..... .i .. ...... ", Forfull descrtions and the
latest announcements, please visit our I.7. i / rg). The Society
does not assume responsibilityfor the accuracy of any item; interestedpersons should
,. all details. Those who wish to publish a future meeting announcement should
send an electronic .. .5 ;' ,. to newsletter@hssonline.org

Eighth Maritime Heritage
Conference. San Diego, California, 9-
12 October 2007. Abstract deadline: 1 June
2007. I1rrl '.. ,,liii r i, ..l -
The Eighteenth Century Atlantic
World. 8-11 November 2007, C l., 11
NewJersey Deadline paperproposals: 1 May
2007. http/loki.stockton.edu/-ecasecs/.
Second International Conference
in the History of Medicine in
Southeast Asia. Penang Malaysia, 9-
10 January 2008. Deadline for abstracts: 1
May 2007. For more information contact
,h i -II I ,,_' ... .,, h-tIll IM P .,1i1,
Third International Conference
on the Nature and Ontology of
Spacetime. 13-15 June 2008, Abstract
deadline: 30 November 2007. Concordia
University Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
htt ://www.spacetimesociety.org/

Upcoming Conferences

Mephistos 2007 Graduate Student
Conference. 6-8 April, University of
California, Los Angeles. httpl/mephistos.
Southern HoST Conference. 6-8
April 2007, Mississippi State University,
Starkville, MS. httpl/www.msstate.edu/
4th Augustin Cournot Doctoral
Days. 10-12 April 2007, the Universite
Louis Pasteur in ii I'.i.i._. France.
http /coumot.u-strasbg.tr/acdd.
Second Annual History ofWomen's
Health Conference. Pennsylvania
Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. 11 Apri 2007.
Securing the Ultimate Victory -
Exploring the History of Military
Medicine and Health Care. 12-13
April 2007 at the Army Medical Services
Museum, Mytchett, Surrey Contact:
Midwest Junto for the History of
Science. 13-15 April 2007, Iowa State
University in Ames, Iowa. http://www.
Twelfth Annual James A. Barnes
14 April 2007, Temple University's Center
City campus in downtown Philadelphia.
http /astro.temple.edu/-jabgrad/.
Forum on History of Physics. To
be held 14-17 April 2007, Jacksonville FL.
American Association of
Geographers Annual Meeting, San
Francisco, 17-21 April 2007.

Authority and Authorities
in Thomas Browne and His
Contemporaries: A Symposium. 21
April 2007, University of Leeds. http//
Rethinking Health, Culture and
Society Physician-Scholars in
the Social Sciences and Medical
Humanities. To be held 21-22 April
2007, University of Chicago. http/vwww
14th Spring Meeting of the
Anesthesia History Association. 3-
5 May 2007, Nashville, Tennessee. httpl/
www. anes.uab.edu/libraryinformation.
The American Association for the
History of Medicine 80t Annual
Meeting to be held in Montreal, Quebec,
3-6 May 2007. For further information,
contact Philip M. Teigen ii I'. I'--,.. I, I
Knowing Global Environments:
Field Scientists and the Multiple
Scales of Nature. American
Philosophical Society & University of
Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. 10-12
May 2007.
Collecting Across Cultures in the
Early Modern World. 11-12 May
2007, the Huntington Library in San
Marino, California. http://htttp/www.
E.N. Brandt Oral History
Conference. The Chemical Heritage
Foundation, Philadelphia, PA. 16 May,
2007. http//www.chemheritage.org.
European Spring School of History
of Science and Popularisation. 17-
19 May 2007, Minorca, Spain.
The Other Animals: Situating the
non-Human in Russian Culture
and History. To be held 17-19 May
2007 in Roanoke, VA.
The North American Society for
Oceanic History and The National
Maritime Historical Society 2007
Annual Meeting. 17-20 May 2007 at
Kings Point, New York. http/vwwwnasoh.
Struve Conference. 21-23 May 2007,
Kharkov, Ukraine. For more information
email: balyshev@yahoo.com.
CSHPS annual meeting 2007. The
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan. 28-30 May 2007. http://
Postgraduate Students in History
of Science Conference. 30 May-2
June 2007, Barcelona, Spain. httpl/
a. i, .. i, l. I,,., .2I ,I,. ,- .' Ill p l, h rll ,,

ESEH Conference: Environ-
mental Connections Europe
and the Wider World. Amsterdam,
The Netherlands, 5-8 June 2007. http://
"Inventing Europe," Third Plenary
Conference of the Tensions of Europe
Network. 7-10 June 2007. Rotterdam,
The Netherlands. 1lili, ..--f../
AAAS Pacific Division Annual
Meeting. 17-21 June 2007, at the
Boise Center on the Grove in Boise,
Idaho. For more information e-mail:
Cultivating the'Next' Agricultural
History. Meeting of the Agricultural
History Society will be held at Iowa
State University, Ames, 21-23June 2007.
edu/ upcomingevents.html.
SICU2: An International Workshop
on Historic Scientific Instrument
Collections in the University. 21-24June
2007, Oxford, MS. http://www.olemiss.
Cheiron and ESHHS First Joint
Meeting. To be held 25-29June 2007
at University College, Dublin Ireland.
1lr11. I., ,. ,,1,.-: .li,,, .:, u /eshhs/.
British Society for the History
of Science Annual Conference.
University of Manchester, U.K. 28June-
1 July 2007. ,I1r, 1..-.-.l, i .., 1-/
Animals and Society II:
Considering Animals. 3-6July 2007,
OldWoolstore, Hobart, Tasmania. http://
Varieties of Cultural History.
University of Aberdeen, 5-8 July 2007.
Networking in Science, The
Gender Perspective Conference.
Ermoupolis of Syros, Greece. 6-9 July
2007. http://www.eie.gr/.
Society for Philosophy and
Technology Biennial Meeting.
8-11 July 2007, Charleston, South
Carolina. hirl .- ..-/cfp-
The 2007 International
Conference on the History of
Cartography will be held 8-13 July
2007 in Berne, Switzerland. http://www.
Agriculture and Sciences 12th
International Enlightenment.
8-15 July 2007, Montpellier, France.
3rd International Congress
on Traditional Medicine and
Materia Medica. 17-20 July 2007,

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. http://www.
Geographies of Nineteenth-
Century Science: An International
Interdisciplinary Conference.
18-21 July 2007, University of
Edinburgh, U.K. lirp ..I.... 1i.
Sexual Histories: Bodies and
Desires Uncovered. To be held 23-
25 July 2007, Xfl Centre, University of
Science and Religion Con-
ference. To be held 23-26 July 2007 at
the University of Lancaster, U.K. http://
Biennial Meeting of the
International Society for the
History, Philosophy and Social
Studies of Biology (ISHPSSB).
Exeter, UK, 25-29 July 2007. http://
cgi?ID= 153676.
Eighth Biennial History of
Astronomy Workshop. University of
Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana. 25-
29July, 2007. Deadline for posters: 1 May
2007. http://www.nd.edu/-histast/.
IEEE Conference on the History
of Electric Power. 3-5 August 2007,
New Brunswick. http://www.ieee.org/
.,.1l ,. .i,., ii. ,i _center/.
13th International Congress
of Logic, Methodology, and
Philosophy of Science. 9-15
August 2007, Beijing, China. http://
ICOHTEC Symposium 2007. The
International Committee for the
History of Technology will hold
their symposium 14-18 August 2007
in Copenhagen, Denmark. http://www.
The 11th International Con-
ference on History of Science
and Technology. 20-24 August 2007,
Nanning, P R. China.
Society for Philosophy of
Science in Practice (SPSP). 23-
25 August 2007, University of Twente,
Enschede, The Netherlands. http://www.
Sixth Conference on the History
of Chemistry. Leuven, Belgium.
28 August-1 September 2007. http://
Darwinism after Darwin: New
historical perspectives. 3-5
September 2007, University of Leeds.


Nature Behind Glass: Natural
Science Collections Conference.
To be held 6-8 September 2007
Manchester Museum, England. httpl/
www. arts.manchester.ac.uk/
European Association for the
History of Medicine and Health:
Environment, Health and History.
To be held in London, 12-15 September
2007. httpl/www Ishtm.ac.U.K/history
Les Mots et les Choses au XVIIIe
siecle: La Science. To be held 21-22
September 2007 in Lyon, France.
Joint Atlantic Seminar for the
History of Medicine. 5-6 October
2007, Baltimore, MD. http://www.
j.II. I .il i ,ic ,..
The Legacy of Ramon y Cajal.
Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia, PA, 5-
7 October 2007. E-mail Cajal@chc.edu.
Journeys into Madness:
Representing Mental Illness in
the Arts and Sciences, 1850-1930.
11-12 October 2007, the Wellcome Trust,
London, UK. For more information, e-mail:
I,,, 1 ,I1 ,1I:,1, .,. 1. 1 %- .I .111, .. .11
Philosophy of Science Conference.
11-13 October 2007, Center for Philosophy

of Science, University of Pittsburgh.
Conferences/others/other conf 2007-08/
Trust in Science Interdisciplinary
Workshop. To be held in Toronto, 15-
16 October 2007. Send questions to Sergio
Sismondo at sismondo@queensu.ca.
SHOT's 50th Anniversary
Meeting to be held 17-21 October
2007, ,,li,. DC. www.
IV International Meeting on the
History of Medicine. 21-23 October
2007, Florence, Italy For more information
e- i ,I I, il I lh I 1 ,, -. [1-l, I I I
Remembering the Space Age.
22-23 October 2007, i*ihl.diir, l D.C.
For more information email: steven.
Nature Matters: Materiality and
the More-than-Human in Cultural
Studies. 25-28 October 2007, Toronto,
Ontario. For more information e-mail
essandi@yorku.ca or msalhus@yorku.ca.
Making Science Global:
Reconsidering the Social and
Intellectual Implications of
the International Polar and

Geophysical Years. Smith
Institution, '.. 1iJ1r.-,, D
October -1 November2007.
HSS Annual Conferen
November 2007, ". lll.-l,,i
Area. 1.r 1 11, 1.. ,. .1 .
Sound in the Era of Mec
Reproduction. 2-3 Novemb
at the Hagley Library in '":il
Delaware. For more int.
contact Carol Lockman: cloc
Bicentenary of the Geo
Society (of London).
November 2007. 1Ir1 .
Medicine in the B,
Evolution of Ideas and P
to 1900. 24-25January, 2008
London. http://www.ucl.
Kinship and
Blood, European
Social Science
History Association
Conference. Lisbon,
Portugal, 27 February 1
March 2008.

The list below reflects information provided by Dr. Jonathon Erlen (only dissertation titles
placed in Dissertation Abstracts are included) and others and was current as of 1June
2006. Please send any missing titles to i if. l., 11 ,,.1.11

Choby, Alexandra A. "A Long Road to Truth:
11 .:.....-ii.- and Governing Epilepsy." University of
I( iht.~Iiii i-'an Francisco, 2006, 357 pp. 3207266.
Ellis, Erik. "Dixy Lee Ray, Marine t.i....i.: and
the Pu',li.: T'n .],i ,lin.li. of Science in the United
States I !(1.1- II, ', -..on State University, 2006,
269 pp. 3206985.
Englander, Karen. "Non-Native English-
Speaking Scientists'Successful Revision for English-
Language Publication: A Discourse Analytic and
Social Constructivist Study." Indiana University of
Pennsylvania, 2006, 316 pp. 3206644.
Gill-Robinson, Heather Catherine. "The
Iron Age Bog Bodies of the Arrhqpinlo isarh
Landesmuseum, Schloss i.iit. ...i..,
I...lI li, I University *I 'l 1111i iill- 1 l :i 1 II
448 pp. NR12259.
Jameson, Frank Gard, Jr. "The Folly of
Phaethon: An Image of Earth's Alchemical
Transformation." Pacifica Graduate Institute,
2005, 237 pp. 3205597.
Jones, Elizabeth Anne. "Surviving the Little Ice
Age: Family Strategies in the Decade of the Great
Famine of 1693-1694 as Reconstructed Through
the Parish Registers and Family Reconstitution."
University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 2006, 355
Kessler, Elizabeth A. "Spacescapes: Romantic
Aesthetics and the Hubble Space Telescope Images."
University of Chicago, 2006, 283 pp. 3206327.

Kuzmarov, Jeremy. "The Myth of the Addicted
Army: Vietnam and the Modern War on Drugs."
Brandies University, 2006, 283 pp. 3208225.
Owens, Sarah M. "Leechcraft/Stagecraft:
Performing Bodies in Late Medieval English
Medicine and Drama." University of Denver, 2006,
230 pp. 3207894.
Richards, Edward T., Jr. "A Philosophical
Analysis ofNewton'sArgumentsAgainstCartesianism
as Found in 'De Gravitatione'." Boston University,
2006, 224pp. AAT3214977.
Sampson, Deborah A. "Determinants and
Determination: Negotiating Nurse Practitioner
Prescribing I..-:il ,ii'., in New Hampshire,1973-
1985." University of Pennsylvania, 2006,
Sperling, Stefan. "Science and Conscience:
An Ethnography of Stem Cells, Bioethics, and
Citizenship in i...li, il Princeton University,
2006, 552 pp. 3208898.
Trudel, Jean-Louis. "Avant L'invention: Le
Passage D'une Technologie Imaginee a une Science
Appliquee Theorique." Universite du Quebec a
Montreal (Canada), 2006, 743 pp. NR12187.
Uhden, Raina Forbes. "Decomposer, C'est
Creer: Alchemy and Art in Selected Works of Honore
de Balzac (France), Columbia University, 2006, 253

.C., 31

ce. 1-4

er 2007
,lih iii. l ii



2008 Berkshire Conference of
Women's Historians. 12-15 June
2008, at the University of Minnesota
in Minneapolis, MN. http://www.
Fifth International Congress of
Maritime History. Greenwich, UK,
23-27 June 2008. For more information
*- I rll ,, h l .:., .., i- u l. ,h,,,, /gm i/
Fifteenth International Con-
ference on the Origin of Life.
Florence, Italy, 24-29 August 2008. For
more information visit: http://www.
International Conference
for CHYMIA. 7-12 September
2008, Madrid, Spain. http://www.


SciSIP will underwrite fundamental research
that creates new explanatory models and
analytic tools designed to inform the nation's
public and private sectors about the processes
through which investments in science and
engineering (S&E) research are transformed
into social and economic outcomes. SciSIP's
goals are to understand the contexts,
structures and processes of S&E research, to
evaluate reliably the tangible and intangible
returns from investments in research and
development (R&D), and to predict the
likely returns from future R&D investments
within tolerable margins of error and with
attention to the full spectrum of potential
consequences. Specifically, the research and
community development components of
SciSIP's activities will: (1) develop usable
knowledge and theories of creative processes
and their transformation into social and
economic outcomes (2) develop, improve
and expand models and analytical tools
that can be applied in the science policy
decision-making process; and (3) develop
a community of experts across academic
institutions focused on SciSIP Characterizing
the dynamics of discovery and innovation is
important for developing valid metrics, for
predicting future returns on investments,
for constructing fruitful policies, and for
developing new forms of workforce education
and training. Note that SciSIP has two
emphasis areas this year: "Analytical I....1,
and "Model Building." Proposals will need to
make clear how the proposed work pertains
to either tools or models. Deadline: 22 May,
2007. For further information about SciSIP,
Contact: Kaye Husbands-Fealing, (703) 292-
7267, khusband@nsf.gov




gggoo an Above

Miles & Audrey B. Davis
(Davis Prize)
William Golden~

Frances Kohler*
Robert Kohler*
Legacy of R.L. Moore

John Neu*
Margaret Osler*
Pfizer Pharmaceutical
Company (Pfizer Prize)

Rhoda Rappaport~
University of Chicago Press
- Journals Division*
University of Florida*
Marjorie Webster o


Douglas Allchin*
Sally Gregory Kohlstedt*

Richard Kremer &
Jane Carroll*
Mary Jo & Robert Nye*

Jamil Ragep*
Margaret Rossiter+
John W. &
M. Virginia Servos*

Michael Shank* x
Emily Thompson*
Thomas Williams*

($60-6 49

Garland Alien*
Mitchell Ash* o
Lawrence Badash~
James Bartholomew~
Nikhil Bhattacharya*
Mary Ellen Bowden*
Thomas Broman*
Janet Browne*+ *
Stephen Brush*
Harold Burstyn*
Joan Cadden* o
Toni Carey*
Peggy Champlin
John Coleo
Sheila Counce Nicklas+
Hamilton Cravens"

Angela Creager~
Lorraine Daston*
David DeVorkin*
Arthur Donovan*
Kathleen Dorman
Richard Duschl~
Clark Elliott*
Guy Emery*
Lenore Feigenbaum~
Margaret Garber*+
Hannah Gay~
Pamela Gossin~
Sara Gronim~
Thomas Hankins*
John Heilbron*
Pamela Henson*~

Erwin Hiebert*
Curtis (Kit) Hinsley, Jr.
Karl & Sally Hufbauer* o
Tetsuji Isedao
David Kaiser*
Edward Kerwin~
Daniel & Bettyann Kevles~
Susan Lindee*
Steven Livesey*
Robert J. Malone*
Deborah Mayoo
John Michel~
Joseph Moyzis*
Marilyn Ogilvie~
Katherine Pandora*
Katharine Park*

Stuart Peterfreund* x
Joan Richards*
Robert Richards~
James Ruffner*
Robert & Mary Schofield~
James Secord*
Nancy Siraisi~
Laurence Smith*
Otto Sonntag~
Scott Spear* x o
Darwin Stapleton*
Peter Stevens~
Sherman Suter*
John Tucker, Jr.~
Frederick Weinstein*~ x + "
Robert Westman~
Karin Wetmore*


William Adler~
Rachel Ankeny*
Ross Bassett+
Elizabeth Bennett*

Muriel Blaisdell+
David Brock* x
Richard Burkhardt* o
John Bush*

Ronald Calinger*
David Cassidy+ x
Hasok Chang~
David Channell*

Michael Dow~
Elizabeth Garber*
Clayton Gearhart*
Marie Glitz~

Brigid Hains A
Jonathan Harwood
Sandra Herbert"
Bruce Hunt*
Margaret Jacob*

Jeffrey Johnson*
Hans Keithley~
Edward KennedyA
Bruce Lewenstein~
Albert Lewis*
Victor McElhemy*

Sylvia McGrath* Sylwester Ratowt*~
Everett Mendelsohn David Soderberg*
Leonello Paoloni* Stephen Weininger*
Alan Parrish Stephen Weldon*o
Philip Pauly* Matthew White+*"~ o
William Provine+ William Wimsatt0

(U t6$9

Renato Acampora~
Amy Ackerberg-Hastings+
P. Analytis~
Toby Appel*
Peter Barker*
Alan Beyerchen*
Kennard Bork*
Michael Borut~*
William Brock~
Joe Burchfield*
Richard Burian~
Frederick Burkhardt+
Leslie Burlingame*
John Burnham*
Geoffrey Cantor~
James Challey*
Terry Christensen*
Nathaniel Comfort 0
Paul Croce 0
Hunter Crowther-Heyck* o
Michael &
Michelle Cunningham*
John Dawson*
Antonio De Andrade~
Luke Demaitre*
Anne Fausto-Sterling+
Eliseo Fernandez~

Michael Friedlander~
Daniel Friedman~
Janet Garber*
Thomas Glick~
Graeme Gooday o
Judith Grabiner~
Monica Green+
Elizabeth Green
Musselman o
John Greene~
James Griesemer* o
Stanley Guralnick~
Orit Halpern*
Mary Henninger-Voss o
Bruce Hevly*
Anne Hiskes~
John Howard~
Mentz Indergaard~
Wolfgang Jochle~
Matthew Jones 0
Joel Kaye*
Martin Klein~
Scott Kleiner~
Ronald Ladouceur~
David Larrabee*
Carmen LecumberryA
Howard Lenhoff+
John Lesch~* o

Pamela Long*
Paul Lucier*
Clifford Maier~
Ben Marsden~
Stephen McCluskey*
Patrick McCray o
Ronald Mickens*
Arthur Millman~
Sandra Mitchell 0
Akiho Miyashiro~
K.A. Neeley+
Michael Neufeld*
Sally Newcomb x
Brian Ogilvie*
Robert Olby*
Ynez O'Neill*
Christian Orlic
Reno Parker~
Sharrona Pearl~
Christine Petto+
Mary Quinlan-McGrath*
Sheila Rabin*
Nicolas Rasmussen*
Alan Rauch~
Karen & James Reeds*
Barbara Reeves*
Michael Robinson*
Naomi Rogers+

Nils Roll-Hansen*
Dorothy Ross A
Andrea Rusnock*
Darrel Rutkin*
Neeraja Sankaran o
Helga Satzinger+
Morton Schagrin*
Silvan Schweber
Robert Seidel*
April Shelford*
Robert Silliman*
Leo Slater x
Ben Smith~*
Edward Smith+
Pamela Smith*
Samuel Snodgrass~
Richard Staley o
Ida Stamhuis A
Bruce Stephenson 0
Fran Ula*
Sharon Vaughn-Lahman*
Denis Walsh o
Blair Williams x
Elizabeth Williams*
Charles W. Withers~
Emilie Woods~
Thomas Word~
Qiong Zhang~




Introduction to the Sarton Memorial

Lecture, Annual Meeting of the AAAS,

San Francisco, California, February 15-19,


Welcome to the George Sarton Memorial Lecture.
W The George Sarton Memorial Lecture
is named in honor of George Sarton, one of the
originators of the field of the history of science.
Begun in 1960, the Lecture is given annually at
the meetings of theAmerican Association for the
Advancement ofScience, in formal conjunction
with the History ofScience Society, and under the
auspices of Section L, The History and Philosophy
of Science, of theAmerican Association for the
Advancement ofScience.
This year's speaker, Keith'.. i,.... adds to the
distinguished list of Sarton Lectures. A scholar of
unusual breadth,'.:. il..., was recently named Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr. Professor of History at Rutgers,
The State University of NewJersey He is jointly
appointed there in the Department of History and
in the Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and
Aging Research, a center devoted to f 1:1111 i 1i.--,
research and enriching education on matters of
race and ethnicity in America. Before joining Rut-
gers University in 2001, he taught at the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He received his
Ph.D. in 1992 from the Department of the History
a1 .. .1..- of Science at the University of Penn-
sylvania, and he holds a Bachelor's Degree from
Yale University in Chemical Engineering, which he
earned in 1984.
Professor '. I, i,. is one of the leading experts
on the history of disease, health, and medicine,
having written several award-winning books for
his work on such topics as sickle cell disease; race,
science and medicine; the history of technology
and disease; and the problem of inequality in
American health and medical care. His award-
winning books include The Troubled Dream of
Genetic Medicine: Ethnicity and Innovation in
Tay Sachs, Cystici ... Sickle Cell Disease
(co-authored with Steven Pemberton with Johns
Hopkins University Press, 2006)), Dying in the

Sof the Blues: Sickle CellAnemia and the
Politics of Race and Health (University of North
Carolina Press, 2001), and Drawing Blood:
..'. and Disease Identity in Twentieth
Century America (ohns Hopkins University
Press, 1997). He is also the co-editor of other
books and the author of articles and reviews,
il.,._. ,, 1 being a frequent and visible pres-
ence on radio, television, (appearing in several
PBS documentaries as well as talk-shows), and in
numerous lectures for public audiences.
He is the recipient of numerous grants and
fellowships that include the 1'.- ..''I'''.. James S.
McDonnell Centennial Fellowship in the History of
Science, a $1,000,000 award to sponsor his research
and hosting of conferences, along like the Robert
WoodJohnson Foundation Investigator Award in
Health Policy, and grants from the National Insti-
tutes of Health, the National Science Foundation
and the Burroughs-Wellcome Fund.
I i ,f..-. I. '.i .... is currently fellow at the Cen-
ter for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences
(for 2006-07) where he is completing two books.
The first is titled How Cancer Crossed the Color
Line: Race and Disease in America and is pres-
ently under contract with Oxford University Press;
the second is titled Pain: The Cultural Politics of
Relief in America. For his Sarton Lecture today,
he has selected to speak from the first of these with
the tite, "Discipline and Disease: The Social Trans-
formation of Cancer in the Age of Biomedicine."
Please join m e in' ,,.i :,,,. i ,i,-I I ..I i ... I, . to
this year's Sarton Memorial Lecture.

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis
Chair, Section L, History and Philosophy of Science,
I', ,, -iii ,.i _..... and History
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Previous Sarton Lectures

Rene Dubos
Joseph Kaplan
Emilio Segre
Gerald Holton
Lloyd Stevenson
Stillman Drake
George Wald
Cyril Stanley Smith
Oswei Temkin
Martin Klein
Evelyn Hutchinson
Ernst Mayr
Thomas Kuhn
no lectures
Joseph Fruton
Jane Oppenheimer
I. Bernard Cohen
George White
Charles C. Gillispie
Richard S. Westfall
Henry Guerlac
Derek de Solla Price
Arnold Thackray

DanielJ. Kevles
Thomas Parke
Frederic L. Holmes
Stephen Jay Gould
John L. Heilbron
Margaret W. Rossiter
Kenneth R.
Spencer Weart
Gerald Geison
Roy Porter
Ronald Numbers
Jane Maienschein
Mott Greene
Garland Allen
Mary Jo Nye
Edward Larson
David Hollinger
Loren Graham
Stephen Pyne
Naomi Oreskes
Philip Pauly
Jamil Ragep

Washington Pittsburgh Phoenix
Metro Area Pennsylvania Arizona
(1-4 Nov. 2007) (Joint Meeting with PSA, 6-9 Nov. 2008) (18-22 Nov. 2009)


Isis Books Received

Prior to the publication of each Newsletter, the HSS Executive Office receives from
the Isis Editorial Office a list of books received by that office for potential review.
This list appears here quarterly; it is not compiled from the annual Current
. 7.. I , .r'. You may also view this list and prior lists online at http://www.

Adas, Michael. Dominance by
Design: Technological Imperatives
and Americas Mission. 542
pp., illus., notes, index. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press, 2006. $29.95
(cloth). 0674018672.
Aftandilian, David (Editor). What
Are theAnimals to Us?Approaches from
Science, Religion, Folklore, Literature,
and Art. xxv + 343 pp., figs., tables,
index. Knoxville: University of Tennessee
Press, 2007. $45 (cloth). 157233472X.
Aldana, Gerardo. The Apotheosis of
Janahb Pakal: Science, History, and
Religion at Classic Maya Palenque.
illus., tables, index. Boulder: University
Press of Colorado, 2006. $55 (cloth).
Althoff,l \\illiami.; Irctic
Outposts of Superpower Sciences. xiii +
355 pp., illus., figs, tables, apps., index.
Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, Inc.,
2007. $39.95 (cloth). 9781574887716.
Belanger, Dian Olson. Deep Freeze:
The United States, the International
Geophysical Year, and the Origins of
Antarcticas Age of Science. xxix +
494 pp., illus., figs., index. Boulder, CO:
University Press of Colorado, 2006. $29.95
(cloth). 0870818309.
Benzaquin, Adriana S. Encounters
with Wild Children: Temptation and
Disappointment in the Study of
Human Nature. vi + 393 pp., figs.,
bibl., index. Montreal: McGill-Queen's
University Press, 2006. $34.95 (cloth).
Bihme-Kailer, Katrin.
Gemeinschaftsu nternehmen
Aiti. f ,, if 11, i .tJA'/'.r, /
und Tradition in der Gesellschaft
Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin
1773-1906. 218 pp., tables, apps.,
bibls., index. (Pallas Athene, Band 15).
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2006.
Euro 39 (cloth). 3-515-08722-2.
Buffon; Duchet, Michele. De
L'Homme. Edited by Claude Blankaert.
(Histoire des Sciences Humaines.) 467
pp., illus., tables. Originally published in
1971. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2006. Euro 38
(paper). -' ,. 'i-4.
Burney, Ian. Poison, Detection, and
the Victorian Imagination. (Encounters:
Cultural Histories.) viii + 193 pp., figs.,
index. Manchester: Manchester University

Press, '- i '. -. (cloth). 0719073766.
Bynum, W.E; Bynum, Helen
(Editors). Dictionary of Medical
-. I ,' 5 Volumes, xl + 1415 pp.,
figs., apps.,bibls., index. Westport, CT:
Greenwood Press, 2007. $749.95 (cloth).
Cambefort, Yves. Des coleopteres, des
collectionsetdeshommes. 375 pp., illus.,
figs, tables, apps., bibls., indexes. Paris:
Publications Scientifiques du Museum
national d'Histoire naturelle, 2006. Euro
39 (paper). 9782856535943.
Chareix, Fabien. La philosophies
naturelle de Christiaan IH 322
pp., figs., tables, bibl. Indexes. Paris:
Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 2006.
Euro 30 (paper). 2711618269.
Clausberg, Karl. Zwischen den
Sternen: Lichtbildarchive. Was Einstein
und .. ". -. unddasKino
der Astronomie des 19. Jahrhunderts
verdanken. x + 270pp., illus., figs., apps.,
bibl., indexes. Berlin: Akademie Verlag,
2006. Euro 49.80 (cloth). 3050040432.
Conn, Steven. History Shadow.
Native Americans and Historical
Consciousness in the Nineteenth
Century. xii + 276 pp., illus., bibl., index.
rlI, : I-:.. The University of Chicago Press,
2006. $22.50 (paper). 0226114953.
Cook, Harold J. Matters ofExchange:
Commerce, Medicine, and Science in
the Dutch Golden Age. xiv + 535 pp.,
figs., bibl. New Haven, CT: Yale University
Press, 2007. $35 (paper). 0300117965.
Corsi, Pietro; Gayon, Jean;
Gohau, Gabriel; Tirard, Stephane.
Lamarck, philosophy de la nature.
Edited by Dominique Lecourt. (Science,
Histoire et Societe.) xii + 167 pp., index.
Paris: Presses Universitaires de France,
2006. Euro 20 (paper). 9782139519768.
Cott, Jonathan. Conversations
with ('. Gould. 159 pp., figs., apps.
(1h: ,.. University of Chicago Press,
1984. $15 (paper). 0226116239.
Crease, Robert; Selinger, Evan.
The Philosophy of Expertise. vi + 421
pp., figs., index. New York: Columbia
University Press, 2006. $49.50 (cloth).
Cuddy, Thomas W. Political
Identity and. I, .. i in Northeast
Honduras. xvi + 206 pp., illus., tables,

bibl., index. Boulder, CO: University
Press of Colorado, 2007. $50 (cloth).
Dawkins, Richard. TheGodDelusion.
x + 406 pp., app., bibl., index. New York:
Houghton Mifflin I "1I "'1. 2006. $27
(cloth). i9- -J I i -.-.1, 11111
DeGrandpre, Richard. The Cult of
i ....... I How America Became
I; 11...' ,.. 'TroubledDrug Culture.
x + 294 pp., apps., bibl., index. Durham,
NC: Duke University Press, 2007. $24.95
(cloth). 9780822338819.
Dubow, Saul. A Commonwealth of
Knowledge: Science, ,.,.''.:', and
White South Africa 1820-2000. xi +
296 pp., figs., bibl., index. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2006. 60 (cloth).
Duffin, Jacalyn; Sweetman, Arthur
(Editors). S4RS in Context: Memory,
History, Policy. xxi + 206 pp., illus.,
figs., index. Montreal: McGill-Queen's
University Press, 2006. $27.95 (paper);
$75 (cloth). 978077 :-. :1;, :
Edgerton, David. The Shock of the
Old ..,; ..'.. i and (~'.. History
Since 1900. xviii + 270 pp., figs., bibl.,
index. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
2007. $26 (cloth). 9780195322835.
Elsner, Jas; Rubies, Joan-Pau
(Editors). Voyages & Visions: 7bwards
a Cultural History of Travel. (Critical
Views.) vii + 344 pp., figs., bibl., index.
London: Reaktion Books, 1999. $24.95
(paper). 9781861890207.
Feng, Xuning; Yuan, Xiangdong.
A Short History of. I' .:' in Modern
S Zhongguo dai dai shu shi
j.' i bian. (Zhongguo jin xian dai ke
xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.) 198 pp.,
bibl., index. Jinan: .1 ii,, i.i, Education
Press I'Sha:ukndng jiao yu chu ban she),
2006. (paper). 75- .: .' ,
Ferreiro, Larrie D. Ships and
Science: The Birth ofNaval Architecture
in the ... '.. Revolution, 1600
1800. xxiv + 441 pp., illus., apps., bibl.,
index, i nli-i... MA: MIT Press, 2006.
$45 (cloth). 9780262062596.
Gentilcore, David. Medical
7.- ,' in Early Modern Italy.
426 pp., figs., bibl., index. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2006. $120 (cloth).

Gingerich, Owen. Gods Universe.
Foreword by Peter J. Gomes. xi + 139
pp., figs., index, i Ililli.:,. MA: Harvard
University Press, 2006. $16. 95 (cloth).
Grayling, A.C. Descartes: The Life of
Rene Descartes and Its Place in His
Times. xvi + 352 pp., figs., bibl., index.
Originally published in 2005. London:
Simon & Shuster 2006. $19.99 (paper).
Greene, Jeremy A. Prescribing by
Numbers: Drugs and the Definition
of Disease. xv + 318 pp., figs., index.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University
Press, 2007/ $49.95 (cloth). 0801884772.
Guan, Zengjian, et al. A Draft of the
History of Modern and Contemporary
i.. i- Zhongguo ,
dai ji liang shi gao. (Zhongguo jin
xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong
shu.) 258 pp., tables, bibl., index. Jinan:
dli 1i .-, Education Press 'Shand:, ng
jiao yu chu ban she), 2005. (paper).
Han, Jianping; Cao, Xingsui; Wu,
Liwei. Colonial .. .. Institutions
During the Japanese Occupation and
Puppet Manchukuo Period: History
andLiterature. Riweishiqi de zhi min
di ke yan ji gou: li shi yu wen xian.
(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi
yan jiu cong shu.) 468 pp., figs., bibl.,
index. Jinan: -.1 .l1*:, Education Press
I'Shuandng jiao yu chu ban she), 2006.
49 (paper) 9787532853939.
Hoeg, Jerry; Larsen, Kevin S.
(Editors). Science, Literature, and
Film in the Hispanic World. xiv +
250 pp., index. New York, NY: Palgrave
MacMillan, 2006. $69.95 (cloth).
Horn, Jeff. The Path Not Taken:
French Industrialization in the Age of
Revolution 175,, ix + 383 pp.,
illus., bibl., index. i ,il.ii.i MA: MIT
Press, 2006. $45 (cloth). 0262083523.
Hough, Susan Elizabeth. Richters
Scale: Measure of an Earthquake,
Measure of a Man. xii + 335 pp., figs.,
bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton
University Press, 2007. $27.95 (cloth).
Hoyt, David L.; Oslund, Karen
(Editors). The Study ofLanguage and
the Politics of Community in (.. '




* -

Context. 258 pp., figs., bibls. Lanham,
MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers,
2006. $65 (cloth). 9780739109557.
Hu, \Weija. '..l J /., l ., on the
"" "'" '- ' t " ..

(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji shu
shi yan jiu cong shu.) 381 pp., bibl.,
index. Jinan: .1 liii,.] Education
Press iShuandng jiao yu chu ban
she), 2006. (paper). 7532853802.
Hu, Zonggang. Historical
manuscript of Fan Memorial
Institute of- '.. I Jingshengsheng
wu diao chasuoshigao. (Zhongguo
jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan
jiu cong shu.) 250 pp., illus., figs.,
tables, bibl., index. Jinan: -I. I1]. l.1,
Education Press I'Shaudk,,ng jiao yu
chu ban she), 2005. (paper). 7-5328-
Jeauneau, Edouard (Editor).
Corpus i- .. Continuatio
Mediaevali, CCCM 203: (' "
de Conchs, Glosae super Platonem.
cxlvi + 402 pp., figs., apps., index.
Tumhout, Belgium: Brepols
Publishers, 2006. Eurp 240 (cloth).
Jiang, Xiaoyuan; Wu, Yan. History
of Purplemountain '. .'.
shan tian wen tai shi gao:
Zhongguo tian wen xue xian dai
hua ge an. (Zhongguo jin xian dal
ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.)
219 pp., tables, bibl., index. Jinan:
Shandong Education Press I Shundl, ng
jiao yu chu ban she), 2004. (paper).
Kelly, Edward F; Kelly, Emily
Williams; Crabtree, Adam;
Gauld, Alan; Grosso, Michael ;
Greyson, Bruce. Irreducible Mind:
Toward a 1.. i.'.. for the 21st
Century. xxxi + 800 pp., bibl., index.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield
Publishers, 2007. $64 (cloth).
Krige, John. American I' . I
and the Postwar Reconstruction of
ScienceinEurope. ... ..
Studies in the History of Science and
.1 .1 viii +376pp.,bibl,
index. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,
2006. $40 (cloth). 9780262112970.
Laven, H.W.; Murphy, Larry J.
Helne Metzgers Newton, Stahl,
Boerhaave and Chemical Doctrine.
Translated with Supplementary
Notes. x + 471 pp. Hamilton, ON:
Huxley Publishing House, 2006.
(paper). 093682205.
Leadbeater, Bonnie J. Ross;
Way, Niobe. Urban (r .' Revisited:
Building '. ,- xvi + 381 pp.,
figs., tables, bibls., index. New York:
New York University Press, 2007. $24

(paper). 9780814752135.
Lear, Linda. Beatrix Potter. A Life
in Nature. xix + 584 pp., illus., bibl.,
index. New York: St. Martin's Press,
2007. $30 (cloth). 0 i.:.*,':.-i.
Lecointre, Guillaume; Le
Guyader, Herv6. The Tree of
Lfe: A '. .
Translated by Karen McCoy 560 pp,
illus., figs., apps., indexes. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
#39.95 (cloth). 9780674021839.
Lesy, Michael. Murder j The
Bloody History of '-. in the
Twenties. 344 pp., figs., index. New
York:W.W. Norton & i'..'1' "'. Inc.,
2007. $24.95 (cloth). 9780393060300.
Li, Xuetong. The Chronicle of Dr.
Wong Wen hao. Weng Wenhao nian
pu. (Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji
shu shi yan jiu cong shu.) 430 pp., bibl.,
index. Jinan: .1- lin1,,,. Education
Press . .i .,: I 1 11. 1 h II I..
2005. (paper). 7532851494.
Li, Zhaohua. A Concise History of
Mathematical Education in the late
danysty. Zhongguo daishu
.. gao. (Zhongguo jin xian dai
ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.)
260 pp., figs., tables, bibl., index.Jinan:
Shandong Education Press 'Shaundl ng
jiao yu chu ban she), 2005. (paper).
Liang, Bo. Researchers on
-.. .' and Imperialism:
. '. .. ..Research
Institutes in ~ i shu yu diguo
yi yan R.. zai Zhonmoono de
zhi min ke yan ji gou 1 _h.. .-I--....
jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu
cong shu.) 345 pp., figs., tables, bibl.,
index. Jinan: .1 1,.]., Education
Press .i IIild 1i 1- 1 "' I I ,
2006. (paper). 753285918.
Liu, Jifeng; Liu, Yanqiong; Xie,
Haiyan. Yhe.,. . Bombs,
One : A Model of the Big
Science. Liang tan yi xing gong
cheng yu da ke xue. (Zhongguo jin
xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong
shu.) 254 pp., illus., tables, bibl., index.
Jinan: 1,, ...11, Education Press
""I .h I n.:, ., u .,n h l, ,,h.,I 2 a"14.
(paper). 7532848035.
Liu, Yidong; Li, Genqun. Research
on the Development of '
Computer Industry. Zhongguo ji
suan ji chan ye fa zhan zhi yan
(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue
ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.) 324 pp.,
tables, bibl., index. Jinan: -.1 1,] ,,i..-,
Education Press I'Shund, ng jiao
yu chu ban she), 2005. (paper).
Llyod, G.E.R.. Principles and
Practices in Ancient Greek and
SScience. xiv + 302 pp.,

bibl., index. Burlington: Ashgate/
Variorum Press, 2006. $114.95 (cloth).
i ii r -i4.
Jean Pierre; Casanova, Ana
Verde (Editors).Losamericanistas
delsiglo X~ La construccion de una

355 pp., illus., figs. Frankfurt: Vervuert
Verlagsgesellschaft, 2006. Euro 44
(cloth). 8484892239.
MacDonald, Graham; Papineau,
David (Editors). Teleosemantics.
vii + 232 pp., figs., bibls., index.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
16.99 (paper). 0199270279.
Mancha, Jose Luis. Studies in
Medieval Astronomy and Optics.
(Variorum Collected Studies Series.)
x + 182 pp., figs., tables, indexes.
Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2006. $119.95
(cloth). 0860789969.
Mandler, George. A History of
Modern Experimental 7 i,..'. if
From James and Wundt to Cognitive
Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.
$34 (cloth). 0262134756.
Mari, Antonio BeltrAin. Talento
y Poder: Historia de las relaciones
entire r ';.. y la iglesia catolica.
833 pp., figs., bibl., notes, index.
Pamplona: Editorial Laetoli, 2006.
Euro 26 (paper).. .'-i .-.- '.I:.
McGhee,Rober i.. ,.. -i.
of Martin Frobisher: An Elizabethan
Adventure. ix + 196 pp. illus., figs.,
bibl., index. Montreal: McGill-Queen's
University Press, 2006. $29.95 (paper).
Minteer, Ben A. The Landscape
of Reform. Pragmatism and
Environmental Thought in America.
viii + 264 pp., illus., bibl., notes, index.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006. $28.
(cloth). ,.,21:.:;i .
Moazam, Farhat. Bioethics
& Organ Tranplantation in a
Muslim Society: A Study in Culture,
r' /'i. and Religion. x + 264
pp., bibl., index. BliiUmingltn, IN:
Indiana University Press, 2006. $45
(cloth). 0253347823.
Monti, Maria Teresa. Ecriture
et Memoire. Les carnets medico
biologiques de .' a E.
Wolff 226 pp., illus., index. Milano:
FrancoAngeli S.R.L, 2006. Euro 22
(paper). 8846479378.
Moran, James E.; Wright, David.
Mental Health and Canadian
Society: Historical Perspectives. xvi +
266 pp., tables, bibl., index. Montreal:
McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.
$29.95 (paper). 0773531394.
Morgan, Scott; Whitener,
Barrett. Ii. Science:

A Manual for Creating Clear
Presentations. x + 126pp., figs., tables,
apps., index. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2007. $22.99 (paper).
05" Ii.-.:. ',
Ndiaye, Pap A. Nylon and Bombs:
DuPont and the March of Modern
America. Translated by Elborg Forster.
289 pp. figs., tables, index. Baltimore:
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.
$45 (cloth). I, -.-. ..gI
Newton, Roger G.F ... '
to Crapshoot:A HistoryofPhysics. vii +
340 pp., figs., bibl., index. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
$29.95 (cloth). 978074023376.
Ostry, Aleck. Nutrition Policy
in Canada, 1870-1939. 143 pp.,
figs., tables, bibl., index. Vancouver:
UBC Press, 2007. $34.95 (paper).
Park, Katharine. SecretsofWomen:
Gender Generation, and the Origins
of Human Dissection. 419 pp., illus.,
bibl., index. New York: Zone Books,
2006. $36.95 (cloth). 978890951672.
Pepe, Luigi. Instituti Nazionali
Accademie e Societ .. .
... ' ... (Biblioteca
di Nuncius.) Volume 9. xxx + 521
pp., tables, apps., index. Florence: Leo
S. Olschki, 2005. Euro 53 (cloth).
Piatigorsky, Joram. (;
and Evolution: The Diversity of
Protein Functions. xv + 320 pp.,
figs., bibl., index. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press, 2007. $60
(cloth). 9780674023413.
Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo;
Machado, Glauco; Giribet,
Gonzalo (Editors). Harvestmen:
The ".' ,i .f Opiliones. x +
597 1,1' ili,, figs., tables, bibl.,
indexes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, 2007. $125 (cloth).
Resnik, David B. The Price
of Truth: How Money t i.. the
Norms of Science. (Practical and
Professional Ethics Series.) xiii +
224 pp., bibl., index. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2007. $29.95 (cloth).
Romer, John. The Great Pyramid:
Ancient T ,- Revisited xxii + 557
pp., illus., tgs., tables, apps, bibl.
Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 2007. $40 (cloth). 0521871662.
Rosen, Michael (Editor).
Exposition byEmilArtin:A Selection.
(History of Mathematics, Sources).
Volume 30. 346 pp., illus., figs. 2007.
Qu. njin. ..M. Z h
Award in Modern I- Zhongguo


xian dai ke ji li zhi du.
(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi
yan jiu cong shu.) 329 pp., tables, bibl.,
index. Jinan: Shandong Education Press
.I. ii,,,i,,.- ,i i.. yu chu ban she), 2005.
(paper). 7532851486.
Sanchez, J. R. Bertomeu; Belmar,
A. Garcia. La revolucion quimica.
Entre la historic y la memorial.
296 pp., illus., bibl., index. Valencia:
Universitat de Valencia, 2006. (paper).
84 "-. ,,.
Schweber, Libby. Disciplining
Statistics: Demography and Vital
Statistics in France and England,
1830-1885.277 pp., figs., tables,
bibl., index. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 2006. $23.95 (paper).
r ."". -. | 4' i
Shteir, Ann B.; Lightman,
Bernard (Editors). Figuring It Out:
Science, Gender, and Visual Culture.
Edited by Mark J. Williams and Adrian
W.B. Randolph. (Interfaces: Studies
in Visual Culture.) xxx + 385 pp.,
figs., index. Hanover: University Press
of New England, 2006. $34.95 (paper).
Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard;
S0rensen, Henrik Kragh
(Editors). Perspectives on
Scandinavian Science in the Early
Twentieth Century. 352 pp., figs., tables,
indexes. Norway: Novus Press, 2006.
Euro 36 (paper).
Simili, Raffaella (Editor). Scienza
A Due Voci. xix + 372 pp. figs., index.
Florence: Leo S. Olschiki, 2006. Euro 38
(paper). 8822255283.
Sleigh, Charlotte. Six Legs Better. A
Cultural History of [i ......'. i viii
+ 302 pp., illus., notes, index. Baltimore:
The Johns Hopkins University Press,
2007. $55 (cloth). 0801884454.
Soloman, Susan Gross (Editor).
Doing Medicine Together: Germany &
Russia Between the Wars. xvii + 533

pp., figs., index. Toronto: University
of Toronto Press, 2006. $65 (paper).
Smith, Cameron M.; Sullivan,
Charles. The Tbp 10 Myths About
Evolution. 200 pp., illus., bibl., index.
Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2006.
$14 (paper). 9781591024798.
Sommer, Andreas I r-.
durch Geschichte? Zur Enstehung
,, ,' .',l ,.'.'A,* ,,',.,',*. zwischen Bayle
undKant. 582 pp., bibl, indexes. Basel:
Schwabe & Co AG Verlag Basel, 2006.
Euro 57.50 (cloth). 3796522149.
Sykes, Bryan. Saxons, and
Celts: The Genetic Roots of Britain and
Ireland. xvii + 306 pp., figs., tables,
apps., index. New York: WW Norton &
'"' 11 ". Inc., 2006. $26.95 (cloth).

Sze, Julie. Noxious New York: The
Racial Politics of Urban Health and
Environmental Justice. (Urban Health
and Environments.) x + 282 pp., figs.,
bibl., index. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,
2007. $24 (paper). i1 .;,.' ,-.:- .
Thompson, Richard J. Jr. Crystal
Clear: The '.- for Reliable
Communications .. I World
War/l viii + 230 11', ill. i'l.', bible ,
index. New York: John Wiley & Sons,
2006. $54.95 (cloth). 0470046066.
Tian, Miao. The Westernization of
Mathematics in I. 7',. *. shu
xue de xi hua li cheng (Zhongguo
jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu
cong shu.) 416 pp., illus., figs., bibl.,
index. Jinan: Shandong Education Press
.ih II ii...i- I. i.. yu chu ban she), 2005.
(paper). 7532849805.
Timmermann, Carsten;
Anderson, Julie (Editors). Devices
and Designs. Medical Technologies
in Historical Perspective. (Science,
Technology and Medicine in Modern
History.) xiv + 284 pp., index. New

York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. $107.
Thorpe, Charles. Oppenheimer. The
Tragic Intellect. xvii + 384 pp., illus.,
bibl., index. Clii.: .-.. The University
of Chicago Press, 2006. $37.50 (cloth).
Angel Toca, Angel. La Introduccidn
de la Gran Industria Quimica en
Espana. Solvay y su Planta de
Torrelavega (1887 1935). Forward by
AgustfNieto-Gal~n. 312 pp., figs., tables,
bibl., index. Santander: Universidad
de Cantabria, 2005. Euro 22 (cloth).
Tone, Andrea; Watkins, Elizabeth
Siegel (Editors). Medicating
ModernAmerica:Prescription Drugs in
History. vi + 262 pp., figs., tables, index.
New York: New York University Press,
2007. $22 (paper). 9780814783016.
Turda, Marius; Weindling, Paul
J. (Editors). Blood andHomeland:
Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in
Central and Southeast Europe 1900
1940. ix + 467pp., figs., index. Budapest:
Central European University Press, 2007.
$54.95 (cloth). 9637326774.
Xiong, Weimin; Wang, Kedi.
Synthesize a Protein: The Story ... '
Synthesis of Insulin f .'
in ;- He cheng yi ge dan bai zhi:
S. niu yi dao su de ren gong
quan he cheng (Zhongguo jin xian dai
ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.) 194
pp., figs., bibl., index. Jinan: 1i i. .. r1 ,
Education Press '.i. I i.i.jl,.: a I., chu
ban she), 2005. (paper). 7532849821.
Zhang, Baichun. ...
Transfer from the Soviet Union to the
PR. I- ,1949-1966. Sulian jishu
xiang 7'.. .* de zhuan yi, 1949
(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi
yan jiu cong shu.) 529 pp., tables, bibl.,
index. Jinan: Shandong Education Press
.li ... I ,,i- iI i.. yu chu ban she), 2005.
(paper). 7532848019.

Zhang, Daqing. A Social History of
Diseases in Modern ~. Zhongguo
dai ji bing she hui shi. (Zhongguo
jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi yan jiu
cong shu.) 254 pp., illus., tables, bibl.,
index. Jinan: ..i 1I.].,i.', Education
Press 1Shandi: ng jiao yu chu ban she),
2006. (paper). 7532853896.
Zhang, Jian. The Science Association
and the '- . of Society in Modern
S A Study on the Science Society
of I Ke xue she tuan zai dai
7L de ming yun: yi Zhongguo
ke xue she wei zhong xin. (Zhongguo
,111 1 ,III11i .i.'jishushiyanjiucong
hu.) 460 pp., tables, bibl., index.Jinan:
'li ,ii.];, Education Press IShtand inig
jiao yu chu ban she), 2005. (paper).
Zhang,Jiulien. i i
AStudy ... ..
Survey. Dizhi xueyu Minguo she hui:
1916 1950. (Zhongguo jin xian dai ke
xue ji shu shi yan jiu cong shu.) 286 pp.,
bibl., index. Jinan: Shandong Education
Press I'Shanding jiao yu chu ban she),
2005. (paper). 753284983X.
Zhang, Li. New Science for a
New Institutionalization of
Polymer Science in the PR. .
7.1. .* yu xin ke xue: Gaofen zi
xue zai xian dai .. ., li.
(Zhongguo jin xian dai ke xue ji shu shi
yan jiu cong shu.) 340 pp., tables, bibl.,
index. Jinan: Shandong Education Press
... Iii. I..,-. Ii i.. yu chu ban she), 2005.
(paper). 7532849813
Zulawski, Ann. Unequal Cures:
Public Health and Political I.
Bolivia, 1900-1950. x + 253 pp., illus.,
figs., bibl., index. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 2007. $21.95 (paper).

When a manuscript is received, I decide who would be the most appropriate set
of referees. I usually send a manuscript to three referees. Then my graduate assistant
contacts my first choices to see if they will agree to be a referee and he sends them a
blinded copy of the manuscript. We give our referees six weeks. Most are conscientious
and meet the deadline. When they do we can have a decision for the contributor within
three months. Even if the manuscript is turned down, our referees offer invaluable
advice on how to revise the piece. Here's some advice for potential contributors: try to
avoid sending us very specialized or narrowly framed articles. Submissions that are
able to make a case that their work has a broader historical significance (usually in the
introduction and the conclusion) are received more warmly by our referees. Contribu-
tors have to keep in mind that anIis article is expected to be of interest to readers who
come from a variety of fields.
I can offer you a brief glimpse of plans for future issues. We have a number of excit-
ing Focus sections in the works, including ones on science and the law, the science of
the East, and the intersection of philosophy and history of science. We are thinking of an
appropriate Focus section for the one hundredth volume of Isis in 2009. The same year

marks 1.i 111 iiiii .. r, of Darwin'sbirthandthe
11 :i, i ..i ..i ,, of the publication .fil.. . 0 of
Species, so that's an obvious topic for a Focus section.
The Focus sections are now freely available on the Isis
Web site. It may facilitate their use as teaching tools (a
use that I f ,i1I 1h. l ,, ,,i ih,,,.,._.li ,- --1 ._1 1.-, 11 ll In
terms of the regular articles, we are going to encourage
contributors to submit shorter pieces, so that we have
more variety in the format of the journal. If yo.i 1, .... I ,..," I,, I ., i .. . : of
the future, please get in touch i bghmtmn:u', i: ca:t 1.'. is a real team effort, the result
of the hard work of the wonderful office staff at York, the History of Science Society's
Committee on Publications and Executive Committee, the Advisory Editorial Board,
the University of Chicago Press, and all of those who have contributed articles, refereed
articles, written Focus section pieces, and authored book reviews.
By Bernard Lightman,
Society Editor

History of Science Society Election Ballot

(Must be returned in official envelope in your newsletter and received no later than 1 June 2007). See'--[..... i 1 i .; on page 3.

Two-year term followed by two-year term as President:
1 January 2008 31 December 2009
Please vote for one of the two candidates

Paul Lawrence Farber (Oregon State University)
Gregg Mitman (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Council Nominees
Three-year term:
1 January 2008 31 December 2010
Please vote forfive of the ten candidates

James Bartholomew (The Ohio State University)
Ronald Brashear (Chemical Heritage Foundation)
Mordechai Feingold (California Institute of Technology)
Ed Larson (Pepperdine University, University of Georgia, Athens)
Susan E. Lederer (Yale University)
Abigail Lustig (University of Texas, Austin)
Ronald Rainger (Texas Tech University)
David Rhees (The Bakken Library and Museum)
Nancy Siraisi (emeritus, Hunter College & City University of
New York)
Thomas Siderqvist (Medical Museion, University of Copenhagen)
write-in candidate:

Nominating Committee (At Large)
One-year term:
1July 2007 30June 2008
Please vote for three of the si candidates

Janet Browne (Harvard University)
DanielJ. Kevles (Yale University)
Susan Lindee (University of Pennsylvania)
William Newman (Indiana University)
Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis (University of Florida)
Robert Westman (University of California, S i, i. .., ,,
write-in candidate:

Nominating Committee (Council)
One-year term:
1July 2007 30June 2008
Please vote for two of thefour candidates

Ken Alder (Northwestern University)
Pamela 0. Long, (Independent Historian)
Theodore M. Porter (University of California, Los Angeles)
Karen Rader (Virginia Commonwealth University)
write-in candidate:

Ballots are due in the HSS Executive Office by 1 June 2007.
Photocopied ballots are acceptable please use enclosed envelope.
Thank you for your vote!

The University of Chicago Press
P.O. Box 37005
Chicago, IL 60637
Forwarding Service Requested

PERMIT No. 6784

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs