History of Science Society newsletter
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ISSN 0739-4934



January 2002




John W. Servos, Amherst College

The volumes of Isis on my shelf tell me
that I joined the History of Science
Society in 1975. I don't recall the exact
circumstances but am pretty sure that it was
a shot in the dark. I then knew little about the
history of science and even less about the
HSS. As it turns out, it was a lucky shot. The
benefits of membership quickly repaid the
very modest expense. For student dues of
nine dollars, the Society sent me a journal
full of reviews and articles that opened new
vistas, a magnificent annual Bibliography,
and a Newsletter that kept me up to date on
conferences, news of the profession, and, of
course, job openings.
These benefits of membership still
attract young historians to our Society, but
there are now other reasons to join as well.
Graduate students, independent scholars, and
junior scholars have opportunities for travel
grants to attend annual meetings-meetings
that are now four or five times the size of the
gatherings ofthe 1970s. We receive discounts
on Osiris and convenient access to the
marvelous electronic Bibliography of the
History of Science, Technology, and
Medicine through our cooperative
arrangement with the Research Libraries
Group (RLG). We can instantly find
information about teaching resources-
sample course syllabi and listings of video
resources for our courses-on the Society's
Web site. During the coming year Isis will
become available in electronic form, and
back issues of Isis will soon thereafter be
available through JSTOR. And so, in the
not-too-distant future we will be able to call
up articles from current and past issues of
Isis from our homes and offices much as we
now secure access to the RLG database.
Despite the expansion of services,
our dues are still modest. In fact, individual

membership in the HSS is less expensive
today than it was in 1975 when measured in
inflation-adjusted dollars. Comparison of
the HSS with other scholarly societies
reinforces the conclusion that membership
in the HSS is a bargain. In preparing this
letter, I visited the Web sites of sixteen other
scholarly societies, picking most ofthe names
off the list of our sisters in the American
Council of Learned Societies. Six of these
organizations offer individual members flat
membership rates; ofthese six, only one (the
Bibliographical Society of America)
undercuts our 2001 dues of $57 for an
individual membership. Ten societies peg
dues to the income of members. Seeking a
quick comparison, I looked at what a person
earning $62,000 peryear (roughlythe middle
of the typical sliding scale) might pay. Dues
at this income level range from a low of $65
(American Musicological Society) to a high
of $194 (American Sociological
Association). Benefits of membership in the
HSS, I should add, compare favorably with
those offered by most of these societies.
How has the Society managed to
expand its services while keeping its dues so
low? Our endowment is an important part of
the answer. The HSS is unusual among
scholarly societies in having resources
capable of supporting a significant fraction
of its activities. Built up over the past two
decades through the vigorous efforts ofmany
of our members, the endowment generates
sufficient income to pay approximately a
quarter of the Society's annual operating
expenses. Income from endowed funds is
being used to fund most of our annual prizes,
to subsidize travel to meetings for some
students and independent scholars, to
maintain the Web page and the other services
provided by our Executive Office, and to

fund such vital publications as the Current
B,.i/.,., -ii .I I rlihc Guide to theProfession
(the next edition ofwhichwe hope to publish
later this year).
We sought an endowment in order
to insure that membership in the Society
would continue to be accessible to a wide
circle of scholars and to give the Society the
flexibility to serve its members and the
profession in creative ways. It has served
these purposes well. Of late, however, the
Society has had to shoulder costs that simply
did not exist as recently as a decade ago.
Until recently, for example, preparation of
the Current B/.-i,.-., -.1,v cost the Society
very little because of the extraordinary
generosity of its long-time editor, John Neu,
and his employer, the University of
Wisconsin. Since John's retirement, the HSS

continued on p. 2


Cover Story:
Letter from the President 1-2
Innovations in Education 4-6
News and Inquiries 7-9
2001 Meeting News 10-11
Awards, Honors,
and Appointments 12
Grants, Fellowships,
and Prizes 13-15
Jobs 15
Future Meetings 16-18
Isis Books Received 20-22



John W. Servos, Amherst College

Michael M. Sokal, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Margaret J. Osler, University of Calgary

Marc Rothenberg, Smithsonian Institution

Margaret W. Rossiter, Cornell University

Executive Director
Robert J. Malone (ex officio)

continued from p. 1

has hadto pay its fair share of the editorial costs ofthe Bibliography-
an expense that has put a considerable strain on our budget. Our Web
site, to cite another example, is a great convenience to job seekers
and participants in annual meetings and a valuable resource for those
seeking information about the history of science, but its maintenance
involves time and expense. In trying to keep membership dues as
low as possible, the Society has met some of these expenses by
gradually increasing its draw on the endowment from about 3.6% at
the beginning ofthe 1990s to about 4.5% in recent years. Preliminary
indications suggest that the Society will need to draw about 5% in
the coming fiscal year in order to achieve a balanced budget.
This is hardly a crisis, but the trend suggests that the
Society needs to find ways to increase the size of its endowment over
the coming years in order to sustain its level of services, fulfill its
obligation to promote the history of science, and maintain its
commitment to keeping membership affordable. Officers of the
Society will be alert to opportunities to enlarge the Society's
resources in the future, as they have been in the past, but any
organization that seeks external support must also demonstrate that
its membership believes in its own cause. And so I urge you to be
generous when the Society asks for your support in the months and
years ahead. It is one way to insure that the Society we give the next
generation of historians of science is as healthy and vigorous as the
one that our teachers have given us.


Milwaukee, WI
7-10 November 2002

Cambridge, MA
20-23 November 2003

Austin, TX
18-21 November 2004

History of Science Society Executive Office
University of Washington
Box 351330
Seattle, Washington 98195-1330
Phone: 206-543-9366
Fax: 206-685-9544
Email: hss@hssonline.org
Web site: http://www.hssonline.org
Physical address (Fed-Ex, UPS):
Johnson Hall, Room 236
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington 98195-1330
Subscription Inquiries: ISIS and HSS Newsletter
Please contact the University of Chicago Press directly, at:
j-orders@press.uchicago.edu; fax: 773-753-0811.
Or write University of Chicago Press, Subscription
Fulfillment Manager, 1427 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL
Please notify both the HSS Executive Office and the
University of Chicago Press at the above addresses.

HSS Newsletter
Editorial Policies, Advertising, and Submissions
The History ofScience Society Newsletter is published in
January, April, July, and October, and sent to all individual
members of the Society; those who reside outside of North
America pay an additional $5 annually to cover a portion of
airmail charges. The Newsletter is available to nonmembers
and institutions for $25 a year.
The Newsletter is edited and desktop published in the
Executive Office on an Apple Power Macintosh system using
Microsoft Word and Adobe PageMaker. The format and
editorial policies are determined by the Executive Director in
consultation with the Committee on Publications. All
advertising copy must be submitted camera-ready.
Advertisements are accepted on a space-available basis only,
and the Society reserves the right not to accept a submission.
The rates are as follows: Full page (9 x 7.5"), $400; Horizontal
or Vertical Halfpage (4.5 x 7.5"), $220; Quarter page (3 x 5"),
$110. The deadline for insertion orders and camera-ready copy
is six weeks prior to the month of publication (e. g., 20

November for the January Newsletter) and should be sent to
the attention ofthe HSS Executive Office at the above address.
HSS recommends that all camera-ready ads be sent via overnight
or 2-day mail to the physical address above.
The deadline for news, announcements, andjob/fellowship/
prize listings is firm: The first of the month prior to the
month of publication. Long items (feature stories) should be
submitted six weeks prior to the month of publication as email
file attachments or on a 3.5" disk (along with a hard copy).
Please send all material to the attention of Gail Alexander at
the HSS address above (email or disk appreciated).
0 2002 by the History of Science Society


HSS 2002: Call For Papers

7-10 November 2002, Milwaukee, WI

The History of Science Society will
hold its 2002 Annual Meeting in Milwaukee,
7-10 November 2002. Proposals for sessions,
contributed papers, and works-in-progress
must be submitted by 2 April 2002 to the
History of Science Society's Executive
Office, Box 351330, University of
Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1330;
phone: 206-543-9366; fax: 206-685-9544;
e-mail: hss@hssonline.org.
The co-chairs ofthe program committee
have selectedthe theme, Crossing Borders,
to give coherence and structure to the annual
meeting and to encourage exchange with the
affiliated meetings of the Society for Social
Studies of Science and the Philosophy of
Science Association. We particularly
encourage submissions of papers and
sessions around the following sub-themes:
1. Topographies of Knowledge;
2. Circulation: Knowledge, Objects,
Practices, People;
3. Visual Cultures ofScience, Technology,
and Medicine.
Proposals on all topics are encouraged, but
some preference will be given to strong
papers and sessions that relate to these
All Proposals must be submitted on the
HSS Web site (http://www.hssonline.org) or
on the annual meeting proposal forms that
are available from the HSS Executive Office.
We strongly encourage electronic
submissionsfrom the link provided on the
HSS Web site. HSS members areasked to
circulate this announcement and copies of
the HSS paper proposal form to interested
colleagues who are notmembers of HSS but
who may be interested in submitting a paper
proposal for the Annual Meeting. Only one
proposal per person may be submitted.
For additional information concerning the
2002 meeting, contact the HSS Executive
Additionally, HSS members should note
thatthe HSS Council acceptedthe Committee
on Meetings and Programs' "Guidelines for
Selecting Papers and Sessions" (below);
these will be used in determining the
acceptability of session and paper proposals
for the Milwaukee meeting.

HSS Committee on Meetings &
Programs Guidelines

1. In evaluating individual proposals for
possible inclusion in general sessions created
by the Program Chairs of "contributed
(a) The principal criterion will be the quality
of the proposal.
(b) A second factor of substantial weight
will be the need to bring balance to the
(c) Except for the most exceptional of
circumstances (to be cleared with the chair
of CoMP), no person may appear on the
program twice (i.e., as presenter of a paper,
or as commentator of another session). A
person may, however, serve more than
one function in a single session, e.g., chair
and presenter. Also, a person is exempt
from the stricture against duplication if he
or she serves only as an organizer of
another session or participates in a special
gathering such as a workshop or plenary
(d) Priority will be given to people who did
not appear on the previous year's program.
(Note) The Program Chairs will reserve a
block of sessions for "contributed papers,"
primarily, but not solely, by graduate
students. Graduate students are also
encouraged to apply as participants in
regular sessions.
2. In evaluating sessions that organizers
submit as wholes and whose proposals
support unified themes:
(a) The principal criterion will be the
importance of the topic and the perceived
quality of the proposals and their integration
into a meaningful and useful session.
(b) Another criterion will be the need for
balance in the subjects covered on the
(c) Another factor will be sponsorship by an
official HSS interest group or committee
(one session only).
(d) Another factor will be involvement of
participants representing diversity of
institutional affiliations.
Note: Sessions may not, but for the most
exceptional circumstances (to be cleared
with the chair of CoMP), include people on
the program in another session (as presenter,

commentator, discussant, or chair). Where
possible, Program Chairs are also encouraged
to select sessions that include a mix of men
and women. The chairs are further
encouraged to choose sessions that include
participants representing a balance of
professional ranks (avoiding sessions
composed exclusively of, for example,
graduate students).
Note: For inclusion on the official program,
the following activities require regular
applications as sessions: public forums or
speakers sponsored by HSS interest groups
and committees; honorific sessions
sponsored by members' colleagues;
commemorations of historic events;
Thursday evening plenary sessions; and other
special gatherings. Program Chairs willjudge
these submissions along with other sessions
on their merits. (Of course, official HSS
interest groups and committees remain
welcome to mount special programs in the
time-slots normally allocated for their
business meetings. Similarly, HSS members
remainwelcome to organize private activities
independent of the official program).
3. In evaluating workshops, field trips, or
site visits:
(a) The principal criterion will be the
activity's relevance to the Society's collective
(b) A related issue will the be activity's
logistical feasibility.
(c) Another factor of importance will be the
need to bring balance to the program.
(d) A final aspect will be sponsorship by an
official HSS interest group or committee,
including the local arrangements committee.
Note: The program chairs will reserve periods
during Thursday afternoon and Friday
evening for workshops, field trips, site visits,
and related activities.
Audio Visual: The Society will arrange for
slide and overhead projectors. In its 2001
meeting, the HSS Council ruled that the
Society will also furnish one meeting room
with an LCD Projector and a TV/VCR.
Potential participants must specify whether
they need such equipment when submitting
their proposals.
If you have questions about the
CoMP guidelines, please contact the HSS
Executive Office at hss@hssonline.org.


Innovations in Education
Teaching the History of Russian and Soviet Science (and Technology)
Paul Josephson, Department of History, Colby College
Waterville, ME 04901

There are two major challenges in teaching college courses
on the history of Russian and Soviet science. One is a significant
language barrier. Most students cannot read Russian or Ukrainian,
let alone other foreign languages. There are also few primary
sources that have been translated into English. The other is the
hesitance of students to turn to a subject seemingly so distant in
terms of geography, historical experience, and worldview.
Yet the rewards and opportunities, I think, make teaching
such courses fulfilling. Regarding language barrier, more and more
materials are available in translation. In terms of distance, rather
than highlighting the uniqueness of the fate of Russian and Soviet
scientists, I find that focusing on how much they shared with their
counterparts in other nations makes the subject more accessible.
That is, students welcome the opportunity to consider how Soviet
scholars addressedissues ofthe organization and funding ofresearch,
metwith political and economic pressures, and established working
relationship with officials and the public alike. Of course, students
seem always fascinated by the uniqueness of the Soviet experience.
When they hear "USSR" they think of the Chernobyl disaster, the
pollution of Lake Baikal, the glory of Sputnik, the Bolshevik
revolution, Lenin, and the great human costs of the Stalinist purges.
So it is not hard getting them in the door; the difficult part is keeping
them from leaving.
One approach to the study of Soviet science is to have
students consider the issue of whether science is international and
universal, and to play that issue against the notion ofnational styles)
of doing science. In their efforts to establish modern research
institutes such as those they had seen in Europe and the United
States, what obstacles did Russian scientists encounter? Beginning
in the Tsarist era, how did they attempt to improve upon the German
or English models? How did they protect their autonomy while they
were turning increasingly to the state for financing? What kind of
ideological conflicts did they face? Were these different from those
thatAmerican specialists faced? Andwhatofthe impact ofgeopolitics
(e. g., the Cold War) on their research? In other words, what was the
social, political and economic context for Russian and Soviet
science, and how does that compare with science elsewhere?
In a seminar entitled "From the Periodic Table to
Chernobyl," I explored questions such as these by using institutional
histories and biographies. A comparison of the lives of the chemist
Vladimir Ipatieff and the biogeophysicist Vladimir Veradsky was
the basis of discussion over several weeks. The discussions turned
on the challenges of doing research in the Tsarist era owing to lack
of financial support and political interference. The men were of
different social background and political views (Ipatieffhad occasion
to dine with Tsar Nicholas; Veradsky was much more sympathetic
to growing calls for a constitutional monarchy), so we also considered
the importance of social and political factors for scientific activity.
One could equally well use the biography of the mathematician
Sophia Kovalevskaia. Since Veradsky and Ipatieffhad careers that

stretched long into the Soviet period, this provided an opportunity to
study the impact ofthe Russian Revolution on the continuing efforts
of scientists to expand the institutional foundations fortheir research.1
The Soviet Union was a nation committed to rapid
modernization and the embrace of the most recent achievements of
science and technology not unlike other nations. Expanding
institutional history to include specific large-scale projects also
opens the door of Russian and Soviet science to students. Take
hydroelectricity, the atomic bomb, and space as three examples. The
efforts of China, the USSR, the U. S., Egypt and Brazil to build huge
hydropower stations for electricity, irrigation, and various social
purposes provide a basis for fruitful comparisons. How did the
Soviet programs for the Volga River basin and those in the U. S. on
the Columbia River or the Tennessee Valley differ, from the
structures themselves to the persons forcefully relocated ahead of
inundating water? Are there any lessons to be learned from Soviet
engineers on the Enisei River and Chinese hydrologists at the Three
Gorges Dam (after all, many of the Chinese specialists were trained
in the former USSR)?2
What of the atomic bomb projects of Nazi Germany, the
United States, and the USSR? The concepts of morality of weapons
of mass destruction; of the social responsibility of scientists and of
national security versus academic freedom; the genesis of the cold
war; the role of espionage; and so on are welcome topics of
consideration.3 I often use the autobiography ofAndrei Sakharov to
good end. His life covers the entire Soviet period, and his official
ostracism bears frightening comparison with the treatment of J.
Robert Oppenheimer in the U. S.4
The development of nuclear power and the Chernobyl
disaster can also serve as units of study in courses or even an entire
semester-long course. Whatwere the historical roots ofthe Chernobyl
disaster? Are French and American reactors safer?5 (A leading
Soviet engineer worried about the siting of reactors near major cities
and suggested building all new ones in Siberia, so I cannot help
asking, why hasn't Vice President Cheney offered up Wyoming as
the site for all of the reactors the Bush administration wishes to see
built?) Regarding space, again, students learn a great deal thinking
about the advantages and disadvantages of doing research in the
closed Soviet system and the open U. S. system, and how each
system gave rise to the rocket designs and manned and unmanned
programs they did. Similarly, what ofthe geopolitical and ideological
pressures behind the space programs?6
In Revolutionary Dreams, Richard Stites explores the
utopian and dystopian ideas that flourished in the USSR in the first
years of the revolution. In many of them, the notion of science and
technology as panacea is central. How did this view of science
change under Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev? Indeed,
it is important to draw the students' attention to the impact of the
country's leadership on scientific activity. That is, rather than
considering institutions, projects, and biographies one can adopt a



more traditional decade-by-decade historical approach.7
Of course, we must consider the uniqueness of the Russian
and Soviet experience as well. Ideological interference, interference
in personnel appointments, control over publication and foreign
travel by security organs and so on distinguish Soviet science. The
most-well known example is that of Trofim Lysenko, the quack
scientist who dominated Soviet biology, nearly halting the
development of genetics for three decades. Stalinist ideologues
promoted an official philosophy of science, dialectical materialism,
which had a stultifying effect on fields of chemistry and physics as
well. Dialectical materialism is difficult to treat in a week, let alone
a semester, but bears discussion.8 The economic desiderata of
Soviet economic development programs and Communist Party
control over personnel policy and over censorship also require
Of course, ideological interference is not limited to the
USSR. The case of science under the Third Reich has been studied
extensively. I use a small text to examine this interference in
comparison with the USSR.9 But comparisons with, say, the U. S.
are also fruitful. What of ongoing debates over fetal tissue and stem
cell research? The persistence of creation science? The Tuskeegee
syphilis experiment? Human subject research as part of the atomic
energy apparatus?
The problem of language can also be solved. Students who
do not read Russian can still write term papers that are meaningful
to them and therefore to us using a variety of primary sources
available in translation. They include the weekly Current Digest of
the Soviet Press (1948- ), which published articles gleaned largely
from the central Soviet press on a variety of topics including science
and technology; Foreign Broadcast Information Service (a C. I. A.
monthly translation publication with a healthy dose of S and T
articles); various publications from Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty;
and the collected articles and speeches of leading scientists and
A final word: as for basic textbooks Loren Graham's
Science in Russia and the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1993) works well.10 On the environment, one can
select chapters from Douglas Weiner'sA Little Corner ofFreedom,
now available in paperback. Some students will even enjoy hearing
Tom Lehrer sing about Nikolai Ivanovich Lobacheskii, a song that
is a good entry into discussion about non-Euclidean geometry, and
from there into the social history of Alexander Fridmann, a little
known Russian meteorologist who first proposed equations
describing a non-static universe that led Einstein to abandon the
cosmological constant he employed initially in the general theory of
There is of course a much richer literature than mentioned
in this short piece. I do not intend to slight any one, but only offer
suggestions for readings with which I have experience. For further
ideas on teaching the history of Russian and Soviet science, contact
the authors mentioned in this discussion and look closely at the rich
bibliographies in their publications. They are a collegial group
whose interests will suggest other approaches.


1 V. N. Ipatieff, The Life of a ( lILasi,, trans. V. Haensel and M.
Dolinin (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1946) and Kendall

Bailes, Science and Russian Culture in an Age ofRevolutions: V..
Vernadsky and His S,. ; i';,. School, (Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 1990). See also Anne Hibner Koblitz, A
Convergence ofLifes: Sofia Kovalevskaia: Scientist, Writer and
Revolutionary (Boston, Basel and Stuttgart: Birkhauser, 1983).
Nathan Brooks's work on Mendeleev will work well here, since
Mendeleev, in spite of his obvious achievements, was excluded from
the RussianAcademy of Sciences by the Tsar and his advisers owing
to the scientist's liberal politics.
2Among the many fine books on big science and technology in the
former USSR, see Jonathan Coopersmith, The Electrification of
Russia, 1880-1926 (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press,
1992); Anne Rassweiler, The Generation ofPower (New York and
Oxford: Oxford University, 1998) on the Dneprostroi hydropower
station; John Scott, Behind the Urals (Bloomington and Indianapolis:
Indiana University Press, 1989) on the Magnitogorsk Steel Mill.
Students enjoy Loren Graham, The Ghost of the ExecutedEngineer:
Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 1993), which raises a series of important issues
about the challenges of being a technical specialist in Stalin's Russia.
3 The literature on the German and U. S. atomic bomb projects is
extensive (Mark Walker, David Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and
Science of Werner Heisenberg (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1992);
Richard Rhodes, The Making oftheAtomic Bomb (New York: Simon
& Schuster, 1986); Robert Jungk, Brighter Than a Thousand Suns:
A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists, trans. James Cleugh
(New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1958). David Holloway's Stalin and
the Bomb (New Haven: Yale University, 1994) is excellent for
teaching on the Soviet atomic bomb project. See also the PBS film,
"Citizen Kurchatov," on the head of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
4 Andrei Sakharov, Memoirs (New York: Knopf, 1990); Atomic
Energy Commission, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer
(Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1954). Another possibility for a first-
hand account concerns the Nobel-laureate Peter Kapitsa. See J. W.
Boag, P. E. Rubinin, and D. Shoenberg, Kapitza in Cambridge and
Moscow (Amsterdam: North Holland, 1990).
5 To mention only a few texts: Paul Josephson, Red Atom (New
York: W. H. Freeman, 1999); David Marples, Chernobyl and
Nuclear Power in the USSR (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986);
and Zhores Medvedev, The Legacy of Chernobyl (New York: W.
W. Norton, 1990). My favorite is the somewhat sensational, but
certainly engaging Grigori Medvedev, The Truth About ( /I, II I'/.
trans. Evelyn Rossiter (New York: Basic Books, 1991). There are a
number of fine studies of nuclear energy in the United States, but I
prefer to use Stephen Hilgartner, Richard C. Bell, and Rory
O'Connor, Nukespeak (New York: Penguin Books, 1983) for its
many examples of nuclear absurdities that may be compared with
the Chernobyl disaster on many levels, if not that of overall impact.
See also Gabrielle Hecht, The Radiance ofFrance: Nuclear Power
and National Identity after World War II (Cambridge: MIT Press,
1998) and Walker, footnote 3.
6 Here again there are a large number of documents in translation
owing to the interest of the U. S. government in understanding the
dimensions of the Soviet space program. For course texts consider
Walter McDougall, The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History
o1il, \| ,,. Age (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).
Another possibility isAsif Siddiqi, ( 1,/ ll 11c toApollo: The Soviet
Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974 (Washington: National



Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2000), but its 1000-page
length suggests careful gleaning.
7 On the Stalin period (and biology), see Nikolai Krementsov,
Stalinist Science (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997); on
the early Brezhnev period see Linda Lubrano, Susan Solomon,
editors, The Social Context of Soviet Science (Boulder: Westview
Press, 1980); On the late Brezhnev and early Gorbachev eras, see
Harley Balzer, Soviet Science on the Edge of Reform (Boulder:
Westview Press, 1989). My New Atlantis Revisited (Princeton:
Princeton University Press, 1997), a history of the Siberian city of
science, Akademgorodok, has case studies on computer science,
high-energy physics, genetics, and environmental science in the
Khrushchev and Brezhnev eras.
8 On Lysenko, see Krementsov, note 7; David Joravsky, The Lysenko
A I,,.. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986); and Valery
Soyfer, Lysenko and the Tragedy of Soviet Science, trans. Leo
Gruliow and Rebecca Gruliow (New Brunswick: Rutgers University
Press, 1994). On dialectical materialism, see Loren Graham, Science,
Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the USSR (New York:
Columbia University Press, 1987), chapter 2.

9 Paul Josephson, Totalitarian Science and Technology (Atlantic
Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1996).
10 See also Graham's What Have We Learned About Science and
Technology from the Russian Experience? (Stanford: Stanford
University Press, 1998), with a series of chapters on such provocative
topics as political participation in big technology projects and
whether money or freedom is more important to the conduct of

The editor of the column "Innovations in Education" looks
forward to your comments, essays, and opinions. The column
is scheduled to appear twice a year, and the editor welcomes
articles of 2,000 words maximum. Education is broadly
construed to cover pre-college, undergraduate, and graduate
instruction, as well as the full range of venues: publications,
classroom, distance education, etc.
The column editor is Paul Farber Department of History,
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331; tel.: 541-737-
1273;fax: 541-737-1257; e-mail: pfarber@orst.edu.

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*Receive a discount when you purchase both Syllabus Samplers ($30 US/Canada; $40 other addresses).
copy/copies of An Introduction to the History of Science in Non-Western Traditions ($8 US./ Canada; $10 other addresses).
copy/copies of The Magic Lantern: A Guide to Audiovisual Resources for Teaching the History ofScience, Technology,
and Medicine ($15 US/Canada; $20 other addresses).
copy/copies of Topical Essays for Teachers ($8 US/Canada; $10 other addresses).
copy/copies of Women, Gender, and the History of Science Syllabus Samplers ($8 US/Canada; $10 other addresses).
copy/copies of HSS 75th Anniversary Commemorative Poster ($6 US/Canada; $7 other addresses).

Total: $
Visa or MasterCard #: exp.

My payment in US funds is attached:
Please make check or money order payable (in US dollars) to the History of Science Society. Please send to the following address: HSS
Executive Office, Box 351330, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1330; tel: 206-543-9366; fax: 206-685-9544.




Authors Wanted for New Series:
ABC-CLIO Handbooks in Science and Society
Editor: Mark A. Largent
Consulting Editors: Sally Gregory Kohlstedt and Paul Lawrence Farber

ABC-CLIO Publishers have announced a new series, "Handbooks in Science and
Society," that will help students and teachers integrate the history of science into the
general history curriculum. It will provide readable and historically sophisticated narrative
accounts of science and its social influences, primary source materials, biographical entries,
glossaries, and bibliographic essays.
They are now soliciting proposals for individual volumes in the series. Four
volumes are currently in contract: Science and Race (John Jackson and Nadine Weidman);
Science and the Environment (Christian Young); Science and Gender (Suzanne Sheffield);
and Science and Exploration (Michael Reidy, Gary Kroll, and Erik Conway). Please see the
following list for information on the subjects sought: Science and Religion; Scientific
Communication and Rhetoric; Science and Industry; Science and International Relations;
Science, Imperialism, and Colonialism. Contact the series editor for details about proposal
requirements and financial compensation at: Mark Largent, University of Puget Sound; e-
mail: mlargent@ups.edu.

Cincinnati Observatory Center Needs Help!

This National Historic Landmark, the nation's first professional observatory, is being
restored. It is owned by the University of Cincinnati but operated by a private, non-
profit organization whose mission is education, restoration and preservation. A brief outline
of its history and current activities can be found at www.cincinnatiobservatory.org.
The Observatory has two historic scientific buildings with telescopes from 1842
and 1904, which are being used on a daily basis. Serving approximately 12,000 people a
year, the custodians have begun a 1.6 million-dollar restoration program and as this is
completed it will include an exhibit area of scientific instruments and documents dating to
the foundation of the observatory in 1842.
The observatory contains many boxes at least 35 of documents tracing the
activities ofthe institution dating back to when John Quincy Adams laid the foundation stone.
There are many more significant treasures in the archives atthe University ofCincinnati. There
is no one on staffwith time or expertise to help sort through these documents andoffer advice
as to what to keep, how to keep it and what to discard. The "!uin LIc u n" committee of the Board
of Trustees is in the process of planning for The Astronomy Collection a collection of
artifacts and documents for public display which will show people how a nineteenth-century
observatory functioned, and explain why astronomy was not only needed to regulate time and
for navigation, but to show the many practical applications of its use as well.
The Board President, Dr. Juan Santamarina, is a History Professor at Dayton
University and feels that there are at least two dissertations waiting to be researched within
these holdings. The staff would welcome any inquiries and help from those knowledgeable
and interested in the history ofAmerican astronomy or the history of science as they continue
efforts to restore order and extract information from the collection.

Executive Order 13223 and the Presidential Records Act of 1978

he National Humanities Alliance has joined with library members to protest a November
1, 2001 executive order that virtually guts the Presidential Records Act of 2001. A
letter sent to Stephen Horn (R-CA), Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Government
Efficiency and Financial Management, highlights the changes in the PRA/1978 that the
order sets in motion (the full letter may be viewed on the HSS Web site under "News"). In
effect, while claiming to provide for orderly access to presidential materials, the order
grants the present and former administrations far greater control over release of records,
and even provides the families of deceased presidents power to block access.

The Charles Babbage Institute(CBI; http:/
/www.cbi.umn.edu) is an archives and
researchcenteratthe University ofMinnesota
dedicated to promoting study of the history
of information technology and its impact on
society. The CBI archives collection consists
of corporate records, manuscript materials,
records of professional associations, oral
history interviews, trade publications,
periodicals, obsolete manuals, serials, and
product literature, photographs, films, videos,
and reference materials. CBI also serves as a
clearinghouse for resources on the history of
information technology
CBI is also pleased to announce a
new database of oral history interviews
accessible from the CBI Web site. The
database contains abstracts and full-text in
pdf format for over 160 of CBI's research-
grade interviews. Researchers can browse
the list of interviewees, search abstracts by
keyword, or search using a list of index terms
provided. A phtml page allows CBI staff to
enter data directly on the server and to
retrieve detailed statistics on user
downloads. CBI welcomes your comments
or questions about this project.

Dissertations in the History of Medicine.
As part ofa project begun to supplement the
Isis Cumulative Bibliography, Jonathon
Erlen is conducting a monthly hand search
of the hard copy of Dissertation Abstracts.
As an offshoot of this ongoing project, he is
maintaining part of a Web page on which he
lists recent dissertations in the history of
medicine and health care. He encourages all
interested parties to look at the URL (http:/
dissertations.html) and take advantage of
this previously ignored resource of recent
scholarship in the history of medicine.

Making of America (MOA; http://
moa.umdl.umich.edu/) is a digital library of
primary sources in American social history
from the Antebellum period through
Reconstruction. The collection is particularly
strong in the subject areas of education,
psychology, American history, sociology,
religion, and science and technology. The
book collection currently contains
approximately 8,500 books with 19th-
century imprints. Readers can view the full
text of the works on the site.



Professor Loren Graham (center) in the library of the European
University at the time he made his donation.

Loren Graham, professor of the history of science at MIT, has
donated approximately 800 books from his personal library in
the history of science to the European University in St. Petersburg,
anon-governmental university establishedin 1994. The European
University is one of the strongest of the new educational
institutions in Russia, and it has a distinguished faculty thoroughly
at home in world scholarship. A number of the faculty have
studied in Western Europe or North America, and almost all the
faculty and students read English. Most of the books donated by
Professor Graham are in the English language, and concern the
general history of science, not the history of science in Russia
(for which, of course, existing Russian libraries are very strong).
It is hoped that with the help of this donation the European
University will be able to establish a center in the history of
science and education, headed by Daniel Alexandrov. Professor
Graham has expressed the hope that members of the History of
Science Society who have published books in the field will be
willing to donate copies oftheir own works in order to strengthen
the history of science library at the European University. To find
out if the European University library contains copies of your
books, please contact the university librarian, Ona Lapenaite, at
hoPr omal1 anAArcc nna i nh l- 11

The Dibner Library

n October 1976, the Dibner Library of the History of Science and
Technology opened its doors in what was known as the Museum
of the History of Technology, now the National Museum of Ameri-
can History, Behring Center. The collection of 10,000 books and
1,600 manuscript groups came to Washington, DC, from the Burndy
Library in Norwalk, Connecticut, and has grown to form one of the
cornerstones of the Libraries' collections. In October 2001, the
Dibner Library celebrated a quarter century of providing vital
primary sources to scholars, curators, and members of the scientific
community by hosting a special symposium.
To mark this anniversary, the Smithsonian Institution
Libraries (SIL), with the generous support of The Dibner Fund, held
an afternoon symposium entitled "Exploring the Past, Shaping the
Future: The Dibner Library ofthe History of Science and Technology

at 25 Years." The symposium began with a talk, "From Collector to
Reader: Bern Dibner and History of Science Collections," by the
noted rare book dealer and scholar, Roger Gaskell. This was followed
by apanel that debated issues concerning the course ofcontemporary
research in the history of science and technology and discussed the
potential impact of the Smithsonian Libraries' collections on this
SIL's annual Dibner Library Lecture followed the
symposium. Owen Gingerich, who is both a Professor ofAstronomy
and History of Science at Harvard University and SeniorAstronomer
Emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory delivered
a talk entitled "Icons of Understanding: Celebrating Bern Dibner's
Heralds of Science," which focused on one of the gems in the SIL
collections. The Heralds of Science is a series of books, which
collectively represent the most important contributions to the
physical and biological sciences that have been issued since the
beginning of printing.

Sciences and Empires Group

he Sciences and Empires Network is an unmoderatedd" mail list
operated by the "Sciences and Empires Groupe," a Commission
of the International Congress of the History of Science. The group
itselfwas founded in conjunction with an international meeting held
at UNESCO in Paris in April, 1990. The theme of that meeting was
"Sciences and Empires: European Expansion and Scientific Devel-
opment of Asia, Africa, America and Oceania."
The group owes its continued existence to the energy of
scholars in Europe, Asia, North America, and Latin America. Now
more than a decade old, crucial support has come from the following
individuals, among so many others, Patrick Petitjean, Catherine
Jami, Anne Marie Moulin, Kapil Raj, Deepak Kumar, Venni Krishna,
Roland Waast, Mic Worboys, and Silvia Figueiroa.
While open to all who are interested in science and empires,
it is intended to serve as the maj or forum for discussions by historians;
philosophers; and sociologists of science, technology, and medicine
who studyhowthese activities intersectwith colonialism, imperialism,
and postcolonialism. It will also serve as the group's newsletter
distribution list.
To subscribeto themaillist, go to: https://mail.lsit.ucsb.edu/
mailman/listinfo.cgi/sciemp. If you have problems subscribing, or
unsubscribing, contact: MichaelA. Osborne, Associate Professor of
History and Environmental Studies, Department of History,
University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-
9410 USA; e-mail: osborne@history.ucsb.edu.

Darwin Books Destroyed in Fire
Tara Womersley

fire in a 100-year-old building at Glasgow University is
thought to have destroyed first edition works of Charles
Darwin and caused 8 million of damage. It is estimated that books
and equipment worth up to 3.5 million have been lost and the
repairs to the Bower building, which housed one of Britain's earliest
biological laboratories, will cost up to 5 million. Items destroyed
in the blaze included rare 19th-century botany books and it is feared
that first editions of some of Darwin's works, along with his
manuscripts, were among them.



Notes from AAAS
Amy Crumpton

T he Archives of the American
Association for the Advancement of
Science has launched a newAAAS History
and Archives Web site at http://
archives.aaas.org. The site dynamically
generates responses to search inquiries by
selecting information from a relational
database that includes data on people,
meetings, documents, publications, awards,
and descriptions of archive collections. The
site is a work in progress, and comments and
suggestions from HSS members on its
usefulness and content are welcome.
ForHSS members planning to attend
the 2002 AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston,
14-19 February, several events may be of
interest. Margaret Rossiter (Cornell
University) has organized a symposium on
"A New Look at Barbara McClintock and
Rosalind Franklin," for Friday, 15 February,
2:15 p.m.-3:45 p.m. On Saturday, 16
February, from 9:00 a.m.-12:00 noon,
"QuestioningAuthorities: Lessons inPursuing
Oral Histories of Science," a symposium
organized by Amy Crumpton (AAAS) will
be held. The AAAS Section on the History
and Philosophy of Science will meet at time
still to be announced. To find out more about
the upcoming AAAS meeting, including
speakers for the symposia mentioned, please
visit http://www.aaas.org/meetings/.

Changes at the MIT Archives. Early in
February, 2002, the Institute Archives will
begin a special one-year project to organize
important researchmaterial in its collections.
To free up staff to carry out this project in a
concentrated time-frame, the reading room
will be open to the public only two days a
week February through May, and July
through the following January. Specific days
andhours for the reading room will be posted.
For further information contact: Megan
Sniffin-Marinoff; tel.: 617-253-5690; e-mail:
msniffin@mit.edu; Web site: http://

History of Science, Technology, and
Medicine in Germany, 1997-2000
(Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2001), 76 pp.,
published on behalf of the German National
Committee IUHPS/DHS is still available.
For your free copy please post your mailing
address to christoph.meinel@psk.uni-

Loren Graham will give the George
Sarton Award Lecture at the AAAS
meeting in Boston on 15 February 2002,
1:30 p.m. 2:15 p.m. The title of his talk
is "Russian Basic Science: Changes
Since the Collapse of the Soviet Union
and the Impact of International Support."

The History of Museums Group is inviting
expressions of interest from scholars,
museum professionals, and others regarding

the creation of an association facilitating
research and scholarly discussions on the
history of museums, museum display,
temporary exhibitions, and related topics.
Purposes suggested for such an association
include: 1) sponsoring periodic conferences;
2) sponsoring printed or Internet-based
publications for disseminating information
about published and archival sources useful
for museum history research, other
organizations' conferences or events of
interest, and calls for papers; 3) enabling
cross-disciplinary exchanges among
scholars studying museums or similar
collecting institutions associated with a
range of fields including anthropology, art,
natural history, and science and technology;
4) encouraging the identification and
preservation of institutions' archival sources,
as well as access to and permission to publish
information from those sources for qualified
researchers outside the institutions. At the
moment they are collecting names for a
survey of interested parties to plan their next
steps. If you would like to contribute your
thoughts to this effort, please send your name
and postal and/or e-mail address to: Jeffrey
Abt, Associate Professor, Department ofArt
and Art History, 150 Art Building, Wayne
State University, Detroit, MI 48202 (e-mail:
j_abt@wayne.edu) or Annie V. F. Storr,
Consultant, Museum Projects in Public
Service, 8411 Queen Annes Drive, Silver
Spring, MD 20910 (e-mail: avfstorr@aol.com).

Some participants in the September 2001 Conference "Unifying Nature Past and Present"
exploring Lake Alice on the University of Florida Campus. 1 to r: Anne Harrington,
Betty Smocovitis, Thomas S6derqvist, Helge Kragh, Silvan Schweber.



HSS Council Meeting-2001
Margaret J. Osler (Secretary), University of Calgary

President Ron Numbers called the HSS
Council meeting to order at 1 p.m. on
Thursday, November 8, 2001 at the annual
meeting atthe Adam's Mark Hotel in Denver.
Thirteen members of Council were present,
along with the Executive Committee and
several committee chairs and visitors who
reported to Council on various matters. After
calling the meeting to order, President
Numbers welcomed Mike Sokal, the Vice
President elect and Karen Oslund, the new
managing editor of Isis.
President Numbers reported on
several serious issues facing the Society.
Because of the decline in the U.S. stock
market, the HSS endowment lost about
$500,000 or 13% four assets on paper. This
loss reduces the Society's revenue
considerably and consequently its ability to
fund various activities. Numbers then
informed Council of Steve Wagner's
resignation as editor of the Current
B ii, i. i~i .I nIJ reported that a search was
underway for a new CB editor. In further bad
news, he reported that attendance at this
year's meeting was down in the aftermath of
the events of September 11 and because
some members were honoring a boycott of
the Adam's Mark chain. Executive Director
Jay Malone added that if we fall below the
800 room nights that we contracted with the
hotel, we wouldbe liable to a fine of$17,000
plus the cost of empty rooms. In light of this
possibility, the Executive Committee had
decided to pick up some rooms with funds
from the Boyer and Hellman endowments
and make these rooms available to graduate
students. President Numbers also noted that
the Society is working on creating
fellowships for minority students to help
give them an entr6e into the field.
Secretary Margaret Osler gained
unanimous approval ofthe minutes from last
year's Council meeting. She then sought
approval for the change to the statutes
recommended by the Nominating
Committee. Alan Shapiro moved that
"Council approve the recommended change
to the statutes so that the Nominating
Committee will consist of two members
from Council and three from the Society at
large." Pam Mack seconded the motion,
which passed unanimously.
Editor Margaret Rossiter reported
on the state of the Society's publications.

Isis will be available online starting with the
March 2002 issue. Online access will be
open to anyone until December 2002, after
which the online edition will be available
only to subscribers. Rossiter announced that
Joy Harvey has been appointed as interim
editor for the CB and hopes to get the 2000
CB into camera-ready form by February 1.
There followed considerable discussion
around the table about the implications of
the delay in getting the CB out and of our
search for a new, permanent editor.
Karen Reeds, as chair of the
Committee on Publications, then gave her
report. She described the history of the
problems with the CB and the current state of
the search for anew editor. She also reported
on the search for a new Society Editor. Atthe
moment there are two serious candidates
and a preliminary application deadline of 1
February 2002.
Treasurer Marc Rothenberg
distributed the Treasurer's report, the
auditor's report, and a report on the state of
our endowment. The auditor reported that
the HSS was in total compliance with
governingthe NSF grant. As reported earlier,
our endowment has dropped by about 13%.
We are looking for recovery in the coming
year, but we must be careful about
As far as Fiscal Year 2003 is
concerned, Rothenberg will rewrite the
budget before the next Council meeting in
hopes that market recovery will enable us to
reducethe draw onthe endowment. He sought
and received approval of the budget at this
meeting, with the understanding that it may
be revised.
One problem engendered by the
loss of revenue is funding for the prizes.
Rothenberg reportedthatthe Women's Prize
and the Derek Price Prize are in trouble. The
Council discussed ways to secure the finances
for these prizes.
Rothenberg then presented a
statement ofthe Society's investmentpolicy
to Council. Adam Apt, a professional broker
and also member of HSS, explained the
report to Council, which then approved it.
Julie Noblitt, from the journals
department at the University of Chicago
Press, reported that ourmembership numbers
are improving, despite increases in both
individual and institutional rates for

subscribing to Isis. Isis is still a good value:
it has one of the lowest price per page of
academicjournals, and subscribers will now
have access to JSTOR files oflsis along with
their subscription.
Executive Director Jay Malone
reported on several important activities in
which his office is involved. There have
been some changes in the office staff. Roger
Turner has replaced Carson Burrington. The
HSS Guide is scheduled to be available in
printed form before June 30, 2002. Delays
have resultedbecause of difficulties with the
developers of the Web site. Council agreed
to support the Committee on Meetings and
Programs' plan to establish one hi-tech
audiovisual room for meetings. As part of
the report on the Executive Office, President
Numbers announced that the time has arrived
for reviews of both the Executive Office and
Malone. A committee chaired by incoming
President John Servos will conduct this
evaluation and will be exploring alternative
arrangements for the office.
The Committee on Meetings and
Programs has confirmed site selection for
several years down the road. Council
approved the selection of Cambridge, Mass.
and Austin, Texas for the meetings in 2003
and 2004, respectively. Some discussion
ensued about PresidentNumbers' suggestion
that some future meeting take place inMexico
City. Council approved of COMP's
continuing to explore this possibility.
Kathy Olesko then reported that
we have no continued relationship with the
U.S. National Committee of the IUHPS.
Various people around the table noted that
none of the nominations for officers were
from the U.S., the U.K., or European
countries that have traditional history of
science. Keith Benson noted that the meeting
in Mexico City this past summer was not
representative of people doing history of
science in Latin America. Bruce Seely
observedthatthe nextmeeting, in fouryears,
would be in Beijing.
Keith Benson, representing the
Committee on Research and the Profession,
reported on CORP's efforts to reach out to
members of underrepresented minorities in
the intellectual community, an area that the
Dibner Fund has expressed interest in
funding. After considerable discussion
aroundthe table, PresidentNumbers reported



that there is a reconstituted Development
Committee under the chairmanship of Judith
Goodstein that will meet with Benson to
discuss how to approach this issue of
underrepresented minorities.
Rich Kremer reported that the
Committee on Education's summer
workshop at Oregon State University's
marine biological station at Newport was a
great success and that they hope to do it
again next year. In the report from the
Women's Caucus, Pamela Mack noted the
success of their fundraising drive for the
Women's Prize.
Delegate reports followed. As

delegate to Section L of the AAAS, Phil
Sloan told Council that an effort is underway
to revitalize linkages between AAAS and
HSS. He wants to see more proposals to
Section L from HSS and reminded the group
that proposals forthe February 2003 meeting
must be in by April. Bruce Cole is the new
chair of the National Endowment for the
Humanities, which has had a budget increase
of $4 million.
Bruce Seely, representing the NSF,
thanked members ofHSS forreviewing grant
proposals. He noted that the new travel grant
for graduate students, independent scholars,
and junior scholars had been approved. He

advised both applicants and reviewers to
emphasize both the substance of the proposal
and its impact equally. He noted that this
year's budget is in flux. He reminded Council
thatNSF does not support history ofmedicine
per se, as that falls under the NIH, although
proposals that touch on medicine are fine. He
also reported that the ad for his replacement
would be posted soon.
At the end of the meeting, Vice
President John Servos expressed his thanks
and the gratitude of the whole Council to
Ron Numbers for his excellent leadership
over the past two years. The meeting
adjourned at 5:00 p.m.

HSS Business Meeting
Margaret J. Osler (Secretary), University of Calgary

President Ron Numbers called the annual
HSS Business Meeting to order at 8:02
a.m. on Sunday November 11, 2001.
Executive Director Jay Malone
reported that 525 people had registered for
the meeting, a substantial drop from last
year's 875 registrants. He noted that there
had been far more cancellations this year,
probably because of reluctance to travel
following the events of September 11. As a
result of the low attendance, the Society
faces problem fulfilling its contract for 800
room nights atthe hotel. However, the society
can avoid paying a fine of $17,000 for failing
to meet the contracted number ofroom nights
by buying up the number of room nights
needed to fulfill the contract.

Secretary Margaret Osler sought
and received approval of the minutes of last
year's meeting. She then received approval
of a change to the statutes already approved
by the Council. This change modifies the
composition of the Nominating Committee
so that it now consists of two members from
Council and three from the membership at
The Vice President, Editor,
Treasurer, and Executive Director basically
repeated the reports they had given to
Council. The Treasurer's report, including a
recommendation for a temporary increase in
the draw from the Endowment to cover a
deficit in Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003, was

UnderNew Business, HSS member
Ernie Hook expressed objections to the fact
that some people were smoking at one of the
social events at the meeting. He moved that
arecommendationbe made to the Committee
on Meetings and Programs to prevent hotel
managers from taking the initiative to allow
smoking at such events. The motion passed
unanimously. Hook also raised the question
of whether it would be possible to distribute
abstracts of papers at the annual meeting.
The group expressed its thanks to
President Ron Numbers for a job well done
and welcomed John Servos as incoming
President and Mike Sokal as incoming Vice
President. The meeting was adjourned at
8:40 a.m.

Thanks to those HSS members who participated in the
Sponsor-a-Scholar Program in 2001!

Michele L. Aldrich
Lawrence Badash
Alan C. Bowen
Stephen G. Brush
David C. Cassidy
Peggy Champlin
H. F. Cohen
Jonathan Coopersmith
Angela N. H. Creager
Lorraine Daston

Ron Doel
Bruce Eastwood
Loren Graham
Frederick Gregory
Erwin Hiebert
Gerald Holton
Joel Howell
E. S. Kennedy
James E. McClellan, III
John L. Michel

Naomi Oreskes
Nathan Reingold
Joan L. Richards
Sylvan S. Schweber
John W. Servos
Scott Spear
Bruce Stephenson
Virginia Trimble
Sallie A. Wuatkin'
Kathleen Whalen




Andreas Daum has been awarded a John F.
Kennedy Memorial Fellowship at the Minda
de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at
Harvard University for the academic year
2001-2002. He was previously at the German
Historical Institute in Washington, D.C.

The Forum for History of Human Science (an
interest group within the History of Science
Society) is pleased to announce the winner of
the 2001 Award for the best Article in the
History of Human Science. The winner is
Jorge Canizares Esguerra, who was
awarded the best article award for the
following article: "New World, New Stars:
Patriotic Astrology and the Invention of
Spanishand Creole Bodies in Colonial Spanish
America, 1600-1650," American Historical
Review 104 (February 1999), 33-68.

Mark Harrison (Wellcome Trust Senior
Research Fellow and Acting Director of the
Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine,
Oxford) has been appointed Reader in the
History of Medicine at the University of
Oxford. The post carries with it the
Directorship of the Wellcome Unit for the
History of Medicine.

David A. Hounshell (Carnegie Mellon),
Barbara Herrnstein Smith and Vassiliki
(Betty) Smocovitis (University of Florida)

were recently elected fellows ofthe American
Association for the Advancement of Science
(AAAS) for Section (L), History and
Philosophy of Science. The AAAS annually
honors those of its members whose efforts
on behalf ofthe advancement of science and
engineering are scientifically or socially

Manfred Laubichler, Ph.D. inEvolutionary
Biology from Yale and Ph.D. in History
forthcoming (delayed by Gerry Geison's
untimely death) from Princeton, joined the
interdisciplinary Biology and Society
Program in the Biology Department at
Arizona State University last fall. He is
helping to develop a graduate program in the
history and philosophy of biology and
conceptual foundations of biology.

Jane Maienschein (Professor ofPhilosophy
and Biology, Arizona State University) has
been named a Regents' Professor beginning
in 2002. She directs the Biology and Society
Program, and with Manfred Laubichler and
Stephen Pyne, is developing a new
interdisciplinary graduate program.

Massimo Mazzotti has been awarded the
Kenneth O. May Post-doctoral Fellowship
in the History of Mathematics for the year
2001-2002 at the Institute for the History

and Philosophy of Science and Technology
of the University of Toronto. Dr. Mazzotti
works on the history of Italian mathematics,
science and technology and is writing a
biography of the eighteenth-century
mathematician Maria Agnesi.

The Historical Astronomy Division of the
AmericanAstronomical Society has selected
Donald E. Osterbrock (Director Emeritus
of the Lick Observatory, University of
California) as its 2002 LeRoy Doggett
Lecturer. Professor Osterbrock will deliver
his lecture atthe AAS meeting in Washington
D.C. in January.

Ronald Rainger (Texas Tech University)
recently received the President's Excellence
in Teaching Award for 2000-2001.

Edmund Russell (University of Virginia)
won the 2001 Forum for the History of
Science in America Prize for "The Strange
Career of DDT: Experts, Federal Capacity,
and Environmentalism in World War II,"
Technology and Culture 40 (1999): 770-
796. The prize, awarded to a scholar within
tenyears ofthe Ph.D., was for the best article
onthe history ofscience inAmerica published
from 1998-2000.


Sarton Medal. The highest award ofthe History of Science Society,
the Sarton Medal is presented to an outstanding historian of science
from the international scholarly community. Daniel J. Kevles (Yale

Pfizer Prize. Sponsored by the Pfizer Pharmaceutical Company, this
award recognizes an outstanding book that deals with the history of
science and makes a substantial contribution to scholarship in the
history of science. John Heilbron (Oxford University), The Sun in the
Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories(HarvardUniversityPress).

Watson Davis and Helen Miles Davis Prize. Named in honor of the
longtime director of Science Service and his wife, this prize honors the
best book in the history of science directed to a wide public. Nancy
Tomes (SUNY, Stonybrook), The Gospel of Germs: Men, Women
and the Microbe in American Life (Harvard University Press).

Ida and Henry Schuman Prize. For an original prize essay by a
graduate student on the history of science and its cultural influences,

Joshua Buhs (University of Pennsylvania) "The Fire Ant Wars:
Nature and Science in the Pesticide Controversies of the Late
Twentieth Century."

History of Women in Science Prize. Awardedto an outstanding book
or article on the history of women in science. Charlotte Furth
(University of Southern California), A Flourishing Yin: Chinese
Medical History, 960-1665 (University of California Press).

Derek Price Award. Named in honor of historian Derek J. DeSolla
Price, this award is given to an outstanding article published in Isis,
the leading journal in the history of science. Mary Henninger-Voss
(Princeton University), "Working Machines and Noble Mechanics:
Guidobaldo del Monte and the Translation of Knowledge."

Joseph H Hazen Education Prize. Named in honor of a tireless
supporter of the history of science, this prize recognizes an indi-
vidual who makes outstanding contributions to education in the
history of science. Stephen G. Brush (University of Maryland).




The following announcements have been edited for space. For full descriptions and for the latest announcements, please visit our Web
site (/,ii 11 i i .i l / III. /.,. ..rg). The Society does not assume responsibility for the accuracy of any item, and potential applicants should
verify all details, especially closing dates, with the organization or foundation of interest. Those who wish to publish a grant, fellowship
or prize announcement should send an electronic version of the posting to newsletter@hssonline.org..

The American Meteorological Society (AMS) invites applications
for a 2002/2003 AMS Graduate Fellowship in the History of
Science, to be awardedto a student wishing to complete a dissertation
on the history of the atmospheric, or related oceanic or hydrologic
sciences. The award carries a $15,000 stipend and will support one
year of dissertation research. An effort will be made to place the
student into a mentoring relationship with an AMS member at an
appropriate institution. To apply, candidates must submit: a cover
letter with vita; official transcripts from undergraduate and graduate
institutions; a typewritten, detailed description of the dissertation
topic and proposed research plan (10 page maximum); and three
letters of recommendation (including one from your dissertation
advisor). Application packages must be postmarked by 15 February
2002 and sent to: AMS, Attn: Fellowship/Scholarship Program, 45
Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02108-3693. Questions may be directed
to Donna Fernandez, Fellowship and Scholarship Coordinator or
Stephanie Armstrong, Director ofDevelopment, AMS Headquarters;
tel.: 617-227-2426 ext. 246 or 235; e-mail: dfernand@ametsoc.org
or armstrong@ametsoc.org. Further information on the 2002/2003
fellowships and scholarships can be found online at http://
www.ametsoc.org/AMS (scrolldownto Scholarships/Fellowships).

The American Philosophical Society Library Resident Research
Fellowships, 2002 2003. The American Philosophical Society
Library accepts applications for short, residential fellowships for
conducting research in its collections. The fellowships are open to
both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals who are holders ofthe Ph.D.
orthe equivalent, Ph.D. candidates who have passed their preliminary
exams, and independent scholars. Applicants in any relevant field of
scholarship may apply. The stipend is $2,000 per month, and the
term of the fellowship is a minimum of one month and a maximum
of three, taken between 1 June 2002 and 31 May 2003. Fellows are
expected to be in residence for four consecutive weeks during the
period of their award. Address applications or inquiries to: Library
Resident Research Fellowships, American Philosophical Society
Library, 105 South Fifth St., Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386; tel.:
215-440-3400. Applications must be received by 1 March 2002.

The 2002 Christine Mirzayan Internship Program ofthe National
Academies, Washington, D.C. is designed to engage graduate and
postdoctoral science, engineering, medical, veterinary, business,
and law students in science and technology policy and to familiarize
them with the interactions among science, technology, and
government. There are two sessions each year: January (12 weeks)
and June (10 weeks). To apply, candidates should submit the
application and reference forms available on-line at national-
academies.org/internship. The deadline for receipt of materials for
the June program is 1 March 2002. Additional questions should be
directed to: intership@nas.edu.

Friends of the UW-Madison Libraries Grants-in-Aid offer a
minimum of four grants-in-aid annually, each one month in duration,
for research in the humanities in any field appropriate to the
collections. Awards are $1,000 each. Generally, applicants must
have the Ph.D. or be able to demonstrate a record of solid intellectual
accomplishment. Foreign scholars and graduate students who have
completed all requirements except the dissertation are also eligible.
The grantee is expected to be in residence during the term of the
award, which maybe taken up at any time during the year. Completed
applications are due 1 March 2002. For more specific information
and application forms, please write to: Friends of the UW-Madison
Libraries Award Committee, 976 Memorial Library, University of
Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI 53706. Or contact John Tortorice
at: tel.: 608-265-2505; fax: 608-265-2754; e-mail:

The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin
announces two postdoctoral fellowships forup to two years, beginning
1 October 2002. Projects related to the history of theory formation
in the life sciences or to the history of model organisms are
particularly welcome. Outstanding junior scholars (Ph.D. awarded
no earlier than 1997) are invited to apply. Fellowships are endowed
with a monthly stipend of 3,600 DM/Euro 1,840.65 (fellows from
abroad). Women are especially encouraged to apply. Qualifications
being equal, precedence will be given to candidates with disabilities.
Candidates are requested to send a curriculum vitae, publication list,
research prospectus (maximum 1000 words), and two letters of
recommendation no later than 28 February 2002 to: Max Planck
Institute for the History of Science, Abt. III, Wilhelmstrasse 44, D-
10117 Berlin, Germany.

Each year the New York Academy of Medicine offers the Paul
Klemperer Fellowship to support work in history as it relates to
medicine, the biomedical sciences, and health. The Klemperer
Fellowship supports research using the Academy Library as a
historical resource. It is intended specifically for a scholar in
residence in the collections of the Academy Library. The Klemperer
Fellowship provides a stipend of up to $5,000 to support travel,
lodging and incidental expenses for a flexible period between 1
June 2002 and 31 May 2003. Applications must be received by the
Academy by 4 February 2ii2)', candidates will be informed of the
results by 31 May 2002. More information on the fellowship
programs is available at www.nyam.org/history/libfell.html.
Requests for further information should be addressed to: Office of
the Associate Librarian for Historical Collections and Programs,
New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York,
NY 10029; tel.: 212-822-7310; e-mail: history@nyam.org.



Pennsylvania State University. The Science, Medicine, and
Technology in Culture Program invites applications for a 2-year
postdoctoral NSF Fellowship in residence beginning fall 2002. Field
of expertise is open. The postdoc will teach one course per semester;
he or she will also serve as a co-organizer (along with two faculty
members) of an international workshop on gender and science to
be held spring 2004. Candidates must have completed their Ph.D.
by fall 2002. The award carries with it a $30,000 per year stipend
plus benefits. Interested candidates should send curriculum vitae, a
brief statement of research and teaching interests (2-3 pages), one
dissertation chapter or article, and three letters of recommendation
to: Dr. Londa Schiebinger, Edwin E. Sparks Professor, Department
of History, 311 Weaver, Penn State University, University Park, PA
16802; .e-mail: LLS 10@psu.edu. Review of applications will begin
1 February 2002 and continue until the position is filled. EOE/AA.

Rice University and the Center for the Study of Cultures announce
the establishment ofthe Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Postdoctoral
Fellowship Program designed to encourage interdisciplinary
scholarship and teaching. Two postdoctoral fellows will be selected
for a two-year appointment beginning 1 July 2002 at a stipend of
$38,000 per year. The application deadline is 1 March 2002. For
further information, visit the HSS Web site at www.hssonline.org.

Smithsonian Institution Libraries 2003 Resident Scholar
Programs in Special Collections: The Dibner Library Resident
Scholar Program, supported by The Dibner Fund for research in
the Dibner Library ofthe History of Science and Technology. Baird
Society Resident Scholar Program, supported by the Smithsonian
Institution Libraries Spencer Baird Society, for research in other
Special Collections located in Washington, DC, or New York City.
For application materials and more information, please visit the
Web site at http://www.sil.si.edu or write to Smithsonian Institution
Libraries Resident Scholar Programs, NMAH 1041 MRC 672,
Washington, DC 20560-0672; tel.: 202-357-1568; e-mail:
libmail@sil.si.edu. Stipends of $2,500 per month for up to six
months. Application deadline is 1 March 2002.

University of Chicago. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has
awarded funding for a new program of University Post-Doctoral
Fellowships. The Department of Philosophy together with the
Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science (CHSS)
seek candidates for this fellowship in the areas of the philosophy or
history and philosophy of the natural sciences and/or mathematics.
This is a possible appointment. The recipient of this Postdoctoral
Fellowship will have received his or her Ph.D. within the five
academic years previous to the first year of the award. The recipient
will teach two quarter-length courses of his or her devising per year
at the undergraduate or beginning graduate level. The recipient will
strongly be encouraged to pursue his or her research interests while
at the University. Women and minorities are urged to apply. An
application should include a curriculum vitae, 3 letters of reference,
and a sample of recent writing (these not returnable). Completed
applications must be received by 1 February 2'Il1', and should be
sent to: Mellon Search Committee, Fishbein Center, University of
Chicago, 1126 East 59th St., Chicago, IL. 60637. EO/AAE.

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Directorate for International Programs announces the Women's
International Science Collaboration (WISC) Program for 2001-
2003. Supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF),
this program aims to increase the participation of women in
international scientific research by helping establish new research
partnerships with colleagues in Central/Eastern Europe, Newly
Independent States of the former Soviet Union, Near East, Middle
East, Pacific, Africa, the Americas, andAsia. Small grants ($4,000-
5,000) will provide travel and living support for a U.S. scientist
and, when appropriate, a co-PI to visit a partner country to develop
a research program. Men and women scientists who have their Ph.D.
or equivalent research experience are eligible to apply. Applicants
who have received their doctoral degrees within the past six years
will receive special consideration, as will scientists applying to work
with colleagues in less frequently represented countries and regions.
With the exception of applications involving the Americas,
applications from male co-PIs must be accompanied by an
application from a female co-PI as part of a U.S. research team.
Male and female graduate students (Ph.D. candidates) are also
eligible to apply, if they will be conducting research in an established
Ph.D. program in the U.S. and will be traveling with their Ph.D.
advisor and will serve as co-PI on future proposals. (Male graduate
students will need a female co-PI.) Applicants must be citizens or
permanent residents. For further information, please visit the NSF
Web site (http://www.nsf.gov), or contact one of the AAAS
administrators listed below. Two competitions will be held, with
application deadlines of 15 January 2002 and 15 July 2002.
Approximately 40 awards will be made in each competition.
-Central and Eastern Europe, Newly Independent States (NIS) ofthe
former Soviet Union: Karen Grill: e-mail: kgrill@aaas.org.
-East Asia and Pacific: Suteera Nagavajara: tel.: 202-326-6496; e-
mail: snagavaj@aaas.org.
-Africa, Middle East, Near East, and South Asia: Alan Bornbusch:
tel.: 202-326-6651; e-mail: aborbus@aaas.org.
-Americas and Caribbean: Marina Ratchford: tel.: 202-326-6490; e-
mail: mratchfo@aaas.org.
Or, please write to (AAAS contact), WISC Travel Grant, American
Association for the Advancement of Science, Directorate for
International Programs, 1200NewYorkAvenue, NW, Washington,
D.C. 20005.

The Society for the History of Natural History announces the
establishment of the annual Alwyne Wheeler Bursary to support
travel by scholars under age 30 to annual meetings of the SHNH,
normally held each Spring. The award will include up to 100 (or
equivalent) for travel, plus conference registration. Preference will
be for applicants who contribute a paper or other presentation at the
meeting. Bursary recipients will be invited to submit a paper to the
Society'sjournal,Archives ofNaturalHistory. Application deadlines
are sixty days prior to the meeting. Applicants need notbe members
of the society. Application forms, notes for guidance, and a diary of
meetings are available through the society's Web site
(www.shnh.org), and from the SHNH Secretary: c/o The Natural
History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, England SW7 5BD; e-
mail: kmw@nhm.ac.uk.



Graduate students in the United States and Canada are invited to
enter the American Association for the History of Medicine
Shryock Medal Essay Contest. The award is given for an
outstanding, unpublished essay by a single author on any topic in the
history ofmedicine. The essay must be the result of original research
or show an unusual appreciation and understanding of problems in
the history ofmedicine. The winnerwill be invited to attend the 2002
meeting of the Association, 25-28 April in Kansas City, MO, where
the medal will be conferred. Reasonable travel expenses for the
winner will be provided, as will a two-year complimentary
membership in the AAHM. If the Shryock Medal Committee also
selects an essay for honorable mention, its author will receive a two-
year complimentary membership in the AAHM. Students must be
enrolled in a graduate program at the time of submission. (Students
who are currently eligible for the Association's Osler Medal
competition for medical students are not eligible for the Shryock
Medal). Essays must be postmarked no later than 1 February 2002.
Interested students must obtain guidelines from the Shryock Medal
Committee chair. Susan L. Smith, Ph.D., Department of History,
University of Alberta, 2-28 Tory Building, Edmonton, AB, Canada
T6G 2H4; e-mail: susan.l.smith@ualberta.ca.

TheAnnals of Science Prize is offered each year to the author of an
original unpublished essay in the history of science or technology,
which is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The
prize, supported by Taylor and Francis, is intended for those who
have been awarded their doctorate within the past four years, and for
doctoral students. Essays should be submitted to the Editor in a form
suitable for publication in Annals of Science (see the journal's style
guide at http://www.tandf.co.uk/), and may be in English, French, or
German. Essays shouldbe between 6,000 and 9,500 words in length,
including footnotes. The winning essay will be published in the
journal, and its author will be awarded US$500. Papers should be
submitted by 1 September 2 'il', and the winner will be notified by
31 December 2002. The Editor's decision is final.

SSHM 2002 Prize Essay Competitions. The Society for the Social
History of Medicine (SSHM) invites submissions for its two 2002
Prize Essay Competitions. These prizes will be awarded to the best
original, unpublished essays in the social history of medicine
submitted to each competition as judged by the SSHM's assessment
panel. The 2002 essay competition is open to post-doctoral scholars
and faculty who obtained their Ph.D. or equivalent qualification
after 31 December 1996. The 2002 student essay competition is
open to students in full or part-time education. Each prizewinner
will be awarded 300, and his or her entry may also be published in
the journal, Social History of Medicine. Further details and entry
forms can be downloaded from the SSHM's Web site http://
www.sshm.org. Alternatively, please contact: David Cantor, Division
of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza
North, Suite 2025, 6130 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda MD 20892-
7309, USA; e-mail: competition@sshm.org. The deadline for entries
is 31 December 2002.

For a list of HSS prize winners in 2001,
please turn to page 12.


The following announcements have been edited for space. For
full descriptions and for the latest announcements, please visit our
Web site (/lii 1. 1, I /i %..ii,,. .. rg). The Society does not assume
responsibility for the accuracy ofany item, andpotential applicants
should verify all details, especially closing dates, with the
organization orfoundation ofinterest. Those who wish to publish a
job announcement should send an electronic version of the posting
to newsletter@hssonline.org.

Full Professor 17th and 18th Century History of Science. The
California Institute of Technology seeks applications for a full
professor in the history of science during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The successful applicant will have a record of publications in the
social and institutional history of science during this period, strong
teaching experience, and will be able to interact fruitfully with
colleagues working on technical aspects of science history and other
members of an interdisciplinary division. Send letter of application,
curriculum vitae and three letters of reference to Jed Buchwald,
Chair, History of Science Search Committee, Caltech 228-77,
Pasadena, CA 91125. Deadline: 1 February 2002. Caltech is an
Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer. Women,
minorities, veterans, and disabled persons are encouraged to apply

Professor of the History and Philosophy of Science, ETH Zurich.
The holder of this chair will be responsible for teaching the history
and philosophy of science to students from all departments of ETH
Zurich. He/she will be expected to pursue original research projects
and to participate in the activities of the Department of Humanities,
Social and Political Sciences. The person appointed should be able
to teach and research the fundamental dimensions of the historical
development of the natural sciences and their various social
connections. Please submit your application together with a
curriculum vitae and a list of publications to the President of ETH
Zurich, Professor O. Kubler, ETH Zentrum, CH-8092 Zurich, no
later than 31 January 2002. The ETHZ specifically encourages
female candidates to apply with a view towards increasing the
proportion of female professors.

Franklin & Marshall College. Applications are invited for an
entry-level two-year visiting faculty appointment in the program on
Science, Technology and Society, beginning in August, 2002. The
successful candidate will teach courses in environmental studies,
the history and philosophy of science (possibly including bioethics
or the history ofmedicine), and his or her field of expertise. A Ph.D.
at or near completion, an ongoing program of research, and some
teaching experience are required. Please send a letter of application,
a curriculum vitae, graduate and undergraduate transcripts, and
three letters of recommendation to: Roger D. K. Thomas, Chair,
Program on Science, Technology and Society, Franklin & Marshall
College, Lancaster, PA 17604-3003; tel.: 717-291-4135; fax: 717-
291-4186; email: r thomas@email.fandm.edu; Web site: http://
www.fandm.edu/. Application deadline: 1 February 2002. Franklin
& Marshall College is a highly selective, private liberal arts college
with a demonstrated commitment to cultural pluralism through the
hiring of women and minorities. EOE/AA.




The following announcements have been edited for space. For full descriptions andfor the latest announcements, please visit our Web
site (i/ij, 1 I .. i ,I.ii /, I, rg). Electronic listings ofmeetings are updated every Friday morning. The Society does not assume responsibility
for the accuracy of any item, and interested persons should verify all details, especially dates, with the appropriate contactperson. Those
who wish to publish a future meeting announcement or call for papers should send an electronic version of the posting to
newsletter@hssonline. org.

Producing and Consuming Natures. American Society for
Environmental History. 20-23 March 2002. Denver, Colorado. The
conference will explore the various ways humans have historically
drawn nature into their lives through working and imagining,
devouring and debating, transforming and transporting. Papers will
explore the human history of nature as symbol as well as substance,
in popular culture, consumption, production, and extraction. Panelists
will also engage a diversity of views about what nature is or should
be, within or across cultures. For further information, including
program and hotels, seethe ASEH Web site at: www2.h-net.msu.edu/

The forty-fifth annual meeting of the Midwest Junto for the
History of Science will be held 5-7 April 2002, at Iowa State
University. The program committee invites proposal abstracts of no
more than 100-150 words on papers related to any aspect of the
history of science, technology, or medicine. The deadline for
submissions is 1 March 2002. Graduate students are especially
encouraged to participate; as is traditional for the Junto, lodging for
graduate-student presenters will be partially subsidized. For more
information, please contact Amy Bix, History Department, 633
Ross Hall, Iowa State University, Ames IA 50011; tel.: 515-294-
0122; fax: 515-294-6390; e-mail: abix@iastate.edu.

Sciences in the Carolingian World. The history of medieval
science will be represented at the 37t International Congress on
Medieval Studies, 2-5 May 2002, Kalamazoo, Michigan. These
sessions will include papers on (1) "The Scriptoria of Fulda and
Lorsch: Computus and Historical Writing," by Richard Corradini;
(2) "Christian and Imperial Contexts of Carolingian Geography," by
Natalia Lozovsky; (3) "The Latin Adaptation of Alexander of
Tralles' Therapeutica in Carolingian MSS," by Faith Wallis; (4)
"Walahfrid Strabo's Study of Computus," by Wesley Stevens; (5)
"Criteria of Justification in Carolingian Astronomy," by Stephen
McCluskey; (6) "Computus versus Astronomy?," by Bruce
Eastwood. Inquiries about these sessions canbe sentto the organizer,
Bruce Eastwood (email: bseast01@uky.edu).

On 17-18 May 2002, York University in Toronto Canada will host
a conference on "Figural Vocabularies of Gender in Nineteenth-
Century Science." Speakers include Barbara Gates, Jan Golinski,
Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, Anne Secord, James Secord, Suzanne Le-
May Sheffield, Jonathan Smith, and Jennifer Tucker. With sessions
on "Visual Innovations," "Scientific Illustration," "Configuring
Families," and "Displaying Nature," the central focus of the
conference is the relationship between visuality and language in
19th-century science and gender. Registration is $20 Cdn.; on-
campus accommodation may be available. For conference brochure
and registration information, please e-mail jstuart@yorku.ca with
the subject header "Figural Vocabularies Conference."

Experimental Arcades: The Materiality of Time Relations in
Life Sciences, Art, and Technology (1830-1930). A conference
organized by the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
(Dept. III), Berlin, to be held at Bauhaus University, Weimar
(Germany), 24-25 May 2002. This conference will focus on the
problem of time. Its topic will be the exteriority of time with special
reference to those realms of the life sciences (physiology, psychology
etc.), of art (pi in in-'. literature), and of technology (photography,
cinema, but also the clock industry) that developed during the period
1830-1930 around the "experimentalization of life." Thus, the
questionwill notbe howthe humanperception oftime has historically
changed (or not changed). The question will be how time is literally
made, constructed, produced. For more details on these topics, point
your browser to http://www.mpiwg-berlin.de/exp/tagungen/
weimar2002/index e.html.

The Canadian Society for the History of Medicine (CSHM) is
issuing a call for papers for its annual conference at the University
of Toronto, Ontario on 24-26 May 2002. The meeting will be held
in association with the Canadian Association for the History of
Nursing. The congress theme will be Boundaries: Geographies,
Genres, Gender. Contact: Alison Li, CSHM Program Committee,
67 Westholme Avenue, Toronto, ON M6P 3B9; e-mail:

The Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science
(CSHPS) is holding its annual conference at the University of
Toronto, 26-28 May 2002. The program committee invites historians,
philosophers and other scholars ofthe social sciences and humanities
to submit paper, panel or session proposals. The proposals and
papers may be in English or French, and should have a title, a brief
abstract of 150 to 250 words, and the complete information for
correspondence. Proposals must be received by 31 January 2002
and may be sent by e-mail, fax or post to one of the members of the
program committee. Further information can be found at the
Humanities and Social Sciences Federation of Canada Web site:
Program Committee: Ernst Hamm, Science and Technology Studies,
School of Analytic Studies and Information Technology, Atkinson
Faculty, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3
Canada; tel.: +1-416-736-2100, x20223; fax: +1-416-736-5188; e-
mail: ehamm@yorku.ca. Alan Richardson, Associate Professor,
Department of Philosophy, University of British Columbia, 1866
Main Mall E370, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 Canada; tel.: +1-604-
822-3967; fax: +1-604-822-8782; e-mail: alanr@interchange.ubc.ca.
Jean-Frangois Auger, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la
science et la technologies, Universit& du Qu&bec A Montreal, CP
8888, Succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, Qu&bec H3C 3P8 Canada; tel.:
+1-514-987-3000,x7942; fax: +1-514-987-7726; e-mail: auger.jean-



Philosophy and History of Science Meeting of the South Cone
Ciguas de Lindia (Sao Paulo State, Brazil), 27-30 May 2002. A
general meeting on philosophy and history of science will be held in
Brazil (South America). The conference is sponsored by the
Association for Philosophy and History of Science of the South
Cone (AFHIC). Its aim is to promote a stronger interchange of ideas
between Latin-American researchers (especially Argentina, Brazil,
Chile and Uruguay, the countries that constitute the so-called South
Cone). Philosophers and historians of science of other countries are
welcome. The official languages of the conference are Spanish and
Portuguese, but presentation of papers in English and French will
also be accepted. Additional information (in Spanish and Portuguese)
can be found at http://ghtc.ifi.unicamp.br/afhic/3Enc-port.htm
[Portuguese], http://ghtc.ifi.unicamp.br/afhic/3Enc-esp.htm
[Spanish]. Roberto de Andrade Martins Group of History and
Theory of Science State University of Campinas (Unicamp), Brazil

Karl Popper 2002 Centenary Congress. Wednesday, 3 July 2002
- Sunday, 7 July 2002. Meetings will be held at the campus and in
the main building of the University of Vienna, and in the City Hall
(Rathaus), which is adjacent to the University main building. The
work ofthe Congress will be arranged in seven sections: 1) Philosophy
ofthe physical sciences; 2) Philosophy ofthe biological sciences; 3)
Philosophy of the social sciences; 4) Moral & political philosophy;
5) Logic & scientific method; 6) Epistemology & metaphysics; and
7) Life & times of Karl Popper. Invited lectures and symposia are
planned for all sections. Contributed papers relevant to Popper's
work will be invited in all sections (though papers tackling problems
appropriate to more than one section will be welcome). Full details
of the form in which abstracts are to be submitted is provided in the
official Call for Papers (see URL below). All abstracts will be
refereed. Letters of acceptance will be mailed not later than 1 April
2002. The Congress languages are English and German. For more
information, please contact Gerhard Budin at the University of
Vienna, Department for Philosophy of Science, Sensengasse 8/10,
A-1090 Vienna (fax: +43-1-4277-9476), preferably by e-mail:
karlpopper2002.econ@univie.ac.at. The Congress Web site is
situated at http://www.univie.ac.at/karlpopper2002.

Tropical Views & Visions: Images of the Tropical World. 12-13
July 2002, National Maritime Museum, London, UK. This
interdisciplinary conference is devoted to the ways in which the
tropics have been imagined and experienced by travelers over the
last three centuries, with particular emphasis on the circulation of
images, commodities and exotic species around the world via
maritime routes. It embraces comparative studies of different
localities, focusing principally on visual representations of tropical
landscapes in paintings, sketches, maps, charts and texts. The
conference is convened by Professor Felix Driver and Dr. Luciana
Martins in the Department of Geography at Royal Holloway,
University of London and Dr. Nigel Rigby and Dr. Margarette
Lincoln in the Centre for Research, National Maritime Museum.
Visit http://www.gg.rhul.ac.uk/tropics/Conference.htm for details.
Further information is available from Janet Norton, Research
Administrator, National Maritime Museum, Park Row, London
SE10 9NF; tel.: (44) (0) 208 312 6716; e-mail: research@nmm.ac.uk.

VI Latin-American Congress of History of Science and
Technology. From 25-28 September 2002, in Rosario, Republic of
Argentina. For more information contact: Professor Carlos D.
Galles; e-mail: VICongr@fceia.unr.edu.ar; Web site: http://

Independent Scholars 2002: The Sixth Biennial Conference of the
National Coalition ofIndependent Scholars. SimonFraserUniversity,
Vancouver, BC. 4-5 October 2002. Call for papers from independent
scholars of all disciplines and nations. Please send an abstract of 250-
300 words for a 20-minute presentation for a general audience to the
program chair: Alicia Galvan, P.O. Box 15764, San Antonio, TX
78212-8964; e-mail: azgscholar@hotmail.com. Deadline: 1 March
2002. Participants will be notified by mid-May. For information about
the National Coalition of Independent Scholars, go to www.ncis.org or
write NCIS, P.O. Box 5743, Berkeley, CA 94705.

The Center for the History of Business, Technology, and Society
invites paper proposals for a conference, "The Technological Fix,"
4-5 October2002, whichwill considertechnologies andtechnological
strategies intended to address a wide variety of needs and problems
in 20th century America. The conference will take place at the
Hagley Museum and Library in Wilmington, Delaware. Papers may
discuss "fixes" that have worked, failed or were never implemented,
or efforts to solve problems that earliertechnologies created. Proposals
are due by 15 February 2002 and should include an abstract of no
more than 500 words and a brief curriculum vitae. Funds may be
available to support travel to the conference by speakers. Please
direct proposals and queries to: Dr. Roger Horowitz, Associate
Director, Center for the History of Business, Technology, and
Society, Hagley Museum and Library, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington,
DE 19807; fax: 302-655-3188; e-mail: rh@udel.edu.

The annual Sixteenth Century Studies Conference will take place
in San Antonio, Texas, 24-27 October 2002. Papers on all topics of
earlymodernhistoryofscience andmedicine are invited. We welcome
papers, suggestions for sessions, or sessions already organized around
a specific topic. Title and a brief abstract shouldbe submitted not later
than 1 March 2002 to: Gerhild Scholz Williams, Department of
German, Box 1104, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130,
USA; e-mail: gerhild williams@aismail.wustl.edu.

The Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) and the American Society
for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) are pleased to
announce the Second Conference on the History and Heritage of
Scientific and Technical Information Systems, to be held 15-17
November 2002, in Philadelphia. Emphasis for this conference will
be on the period from the Second World War up through the early
1990s, including the infrastructure created by digitization, the
Internet, and the World Wide Web. Conference organizers are
looking for in-depth historical analyses of these developments and
how they have affected the practice of science both nationally and
internationally. The conference willbe held immediately prior to the
annual meeting ofASIS&T in Philadelphia. It will take place at the
Chemical Heritage Foundation, 315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia,
PA 19106. The proceedings will be published in print and on the

continued on p. 18



Web. A limited number of scholarships will be available for the
presentation of papers in order to help cover the costs of attending
the conference. Presenters from abroad andNorthAmerican graduate
students will have preference. Such applicants should have drafts of
theirpapers readyby 15May 2002. Abstracts, papers, andapplications
for scholarships should be addressed to: HHSTIS2 Program
Committee Chemical Heritage Foundation 315 Chestnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106. Questions and comments should be sent to

Workshop "Cultural History of Heredity II: Eighteenth to
Nineteenth Centuries" at the Max-Planck-Institute for the History
of Science, 10-12 January 2003. Organizers: Staffan MUiller-Wille,
Peter Mclaughlin, Wolfgang Lefevre, Hans-JOrg Rheinberger.
Deadline for Paper Proposals: 31 January 2002. Scholars from a
wide variety of disciplines, including historians of art and literature,
medicine, law, or economics, are invited to submit paper proposals.
This workshop is part ofa series ofworkshops forming the backbone
ofa long-term researchproject on the cultural history ofhereditythat
aims to uncover the technical, juridical, medical, and scientific
practices in which the knowledge of inheritance was historically
anchored in different epochs and to understand the genesis of
today's naturalistic concept of heredity. For further information see
call for papers at http://www.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/HEREDITY/
CALL.html or e-mail to smuewi@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de.

Time to Plan Symposia for AAAS Meetings 2003. Your
colleagues on Section L on the History and Philosophy of Science
of the AAAS encourage you to plan and submit proposals for 90 or
180-minute symposia on the history of science for the meetings in
Denver, 13-18 February 2003. Here is an opportunity to emphasize
the importance of history of science as a discipline among other
sciences and policy fields, and to discuss topics with a diverse
audience. The deadline for submissions is Monday, 18 March
2002. Details about format and the submission process are on the
Association Web site at http://www.aaas.org.

Lewis & Clark Trail Heritage Foundation, 10-13 August 2003.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage
Foundation is now accepting paper proposals for presentation at our
annual meeting in 2003, hosted by the Philadelphia Chapter, in
cooperation with the American Philosophical Society and the Academy
of Natural Sciences. Since the theme of the meeting is "The Quest for
Knowledge: Lewis inPhiladelphia,"we especiallyencourage submission
of papers that explore the history of Philadelphia, its place in the new
nation or examine the history ofscience inthe earlyrepublic. Full papers
shouldn't exceed 1/2 hourinlengthwhenpresented. Use ofaudiovisuals
is encouraged. Papers willbe reviewed according to: appropriateness to
the meeting focus, quality, originality, clarity, andadequacyofreferences
to relatedwork. Each abstract shouldcontainthe following information:
title of the paper and the subject category in which the paper should be
reviewed; name, affiliation, mailing address of the author, e-mail
address of the author; and abstract of 200-300 words and a brief
biography (100 words). Deadline for abstract: 4 February 2002. Those
selectedreceive fullmeetingregistration free ofcharge. Submitproposals
and any questions to papers@lewisandclarkphila.org, or mail to:
Philadelphia Chapter, LCTHF, P.O. Box 54803, Philadelphia, PA
19148, ATTN: Program Committee.



he History of Science Society seeks proposals for a site for
its Executive Office, with occupancy to begin on 1 January
2004. The Executive Office is the main administrative office of
the Society. Presently located on the campus of the University of
Washington, with which the Society has a contract that expires at
the end of 2003, the Executive Office coordinates all day-to-day
Society business, all annual HSS functions, and all activities that
involve the Society in scholarly pursuits on the national and
international level. Its activities include supervision of preparations
for the HSS annual meeting and the Philosophy of Science
Association's biennial meeting, management ofthe HSS Web site,
production of the HSS Newsletter and occasional publications
such as the HSS Guide to the Profession, maintenance of the
Society's records, oversight of HSS programs that support
graduate student travel and post-doctoral fellowships, and
preparation of materials for meetings of the HSS Executive
Committee and Council. The Office is supervised by an Executive
Director who is a salaried employee of the History of Science
Society. At present, the Executive Director is assisted by a full-
time Web site specialist and two part-time employees who are
graduate students at the University of Washington.
The University ofWashington has generously provided
the Society with office space, two years' funding for one part-
time graduate assistant, and other forms of support; the Society
wishes to secure similarly favorable terms under any new
contract. The Society is not, however, committed to replicating
the exact terms and arrangements of its existing contract and
would welcome creative proposals from potential hosts,
including institutions that lack a graduate program in the history
of science.
Responsibility for the search is in the hands of a
committee consisting of the President, Vice-President, and
Secretary of the Society. Inquiries and proposals should be
directed to JohnW. Servos, President, History of Science Society,
Department of History, Amherst College, Amherst, MA 01002;
e-mail: jwservos@amherst.edu. Closing date for proposals is
15 April 2002.

he year 2000 marked the final installment by the family of
Joseph Hazen (The Hazen-Polsky Fund) of four annual
$25,000 contributions to the History of Science Society. These
funds reside in the Society's endowment, with the proceeds
earmarked to support the Society's Committee on Education,
the Society's annual Hazen Prize, and other initiatives.
At the same time, the Hazen family has challenged members
of the History of Science Society to match this generous
contribution. Please consider making a substantial contribution
to your Society, especially since this is the first Society-wide
endowment campaign since the late 1980s. Contributions may
be sent to the HSS Executive Office, Box 351330, University of
Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.


Keith Benson

Michele Aldrich

Sarton Circle ($2500 and above)
Joseph Fruton John W and M. Virginia Servos

Council of Friends of the Society ($1000 $1,999)
William Golden Lisbet Rausing Marjorie Webster
Kathryn James Mary Rossiter Roger Williams

Rima Apple
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Contributors (up to $499)
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h !.'.. I Guralnick Editi
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am Thomas Hankins Geo
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Eri Yagi



Prior to the publication of eachNewsletter, the HSS Executive office receives from the Isis Editorial Office a list of books received by that
office for potential review. This list appears here quarterly; it is not compiled from the annual Current Bibliography. You may also view
this list and prior lists online at http://www.hssonline.org/society/isis/mfisis.html.

Achinstein, Peter. The Book of Evidence. 290 pp.,
index. London: Oxford University Press, 2001. $49.95
(cloth). ISBN#: 0-19-514389-2.

Achterhuis, Hans. American Philosophy of
Technology: The Empirical Turn. Translated by Robert
P. Crease (Indiana Series in the Philosophy of
Technology). 6 1/8 x9 1/4,187 pp., index. Bloomington:
Indiana University Press, 2001. $49.95 (cloth). ISBN#:

Adams, Tracey L.A Dentist anda Gentleman: Gender
and the Rise ofDentistry in Ontario. ix + 236 pp., illus.,
references, index. Toronto: UniversityofToronto Press.
$45.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0802048269.

Allen, David Elliston. Naturalists and Society.
Variorum Collected Studies Series CS724. 189 pp.,
illus., index. Brookfield: Ashgate Publishing Company,
2001. $ 105.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-86078-863-6.

Andrews, Jonathan; Scull, Andrew. Undertaker of
the Mind: John Monro and Mad-Doctoring in
Eighteenth-Century England. xxii + 389 pp., illus.,
notes, bibl., index. Berkeley: University of California
Press, 2001. $35.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-520-23151-1.

Audoin, Claude; Bernard, Guinot. TheMeasurement
; Time, Frequency and the Atomic Clock. 346
pp., 61 line diagrams, 9 half-tones, 8 tables, index. New
York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. $110.00
(cloth), $39.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0521003970.

Ball, Philip. Stories of the Invisible: A Guided Tour of
Molecules. 204 pp., illus., figs., notes, index. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2001. $22.50 (hard
cover). ISBN#: 0-19-280214-3.

Balmer, Brian. Britain andBiological Warfare: Expert
Advice and Science Policy, 1930-65. 246 pp., notes,
bibl., index. New York: Palgrave, 2001. $75.00
hardcover. ISBN#: 0-333-75430-1.

Ball im.. lulia.i. .. i ,, The NextRevolution
in Physics. 384pp., illus., figs., notes, bibl., index. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2001. $16.95 (paper).
ISBN#: 0-19-514592-5.

Beattie, Donald A. Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar
Experiments and the Apollo Program. xv + 336 pages,
37 halftones and 5 line drawings, notes, index. Baltimore:
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001. $42.50 (cloth).
ISBN#: 0-8018-6599-9.

Becker, Peter; Clark, William. Little Tools of
Knowledge: Historical Essays on Academic and
Bureaucratic Practices. Social History, Popular Culture
and Politics in Germany series. x + 322 pp., illus.,
epilogue, index. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Press, 2001. ISBN#: 0-472-1108-6.

Berger, Michael L. The Automobile in American
History and Culture: A Reference Guide. 488 pp.,
indexes. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001. $100.00
(cloth). ISBN#: 0-313-24558-4.

Berndt, Bruce C.; Rankin, Robert A. Ramanujan:
EssaysandSur 1 lc.ll. i!l, cli ic Iul l 'I.-'' I I
A i. -I .. 11/ *. .1; **. . Volume22).347pp.,
illus., tables. Providence: American Math Society, 2001.
$79.00 hardcover. ISBN#: 0-8218-2624-7.

Bloom, Jonathan M. The History andImpact ofPaper
in theIslamic World. 320 pp., illus., index. New Haven:
Yale University Press, 2001. $ 45.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-

Boomgaard, Peter. Frontiers of Fear: Tigers and
People in the Malay World, 1600-1950. xii + 308 pp.,
illus., tables, notes, bibl., index. New Haven: Yale
University Press, 2001. $37.50 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-300-

Boos, Hans E. A. The Snakes 1 'Tobago.
296 pp., 48 colorplates, 50 B&Wphotos, 8 line drawings,
map, bibl., index. College Station: Texas A&M
University Press, 2001. $47.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 1-58544-

Bourdain, Anthony. Typhoid Mary: An Urban
Historical. 160 pp., bibl. New York: Bloomsbury
Publishing, 2001. $19.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 1582341338.

Bradford, Marlene. Scanning the Skies: A History of
Tornado Forecasting. 256 pp., illus., tables, notes, bibl,
index. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
$24.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-8061-3302-3.

Brenner, Sydney. MyLife in Science. As told to Lewis
Wolpert. Edited interview with additional material by
Errol C. Friedberg and Eleanor Lawrence. v + 191 pp.,
endnotes. London: Biomedcentral Limited, 2001. $22.10
(paper). ISBN#: 0954027809.

Brodo, Irwin M.; Sharnoff, Stephen; Sharnoff, Sylvia
Duran. Lichens of North America. xxiii + 828 pp.,
illus., figs., glossary, index. New Haven: Yale University
Press, 2001. $69.95 (hardcover). ISBN#: 0300082495.

Brooke, John H.; Osler, MargaretJ.; Van Der Meer,
Jitse. Science in Theistic Contexts (Osiris, Volume 16).
Cognitive Dimensions, Osiris, volume 16. 250 pp.,
index. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press
JournalsDivision,2001. $39. 1 iI..l .i 111' 1 ,.'c
ISBN#: 0-226-07564-8.

Brown, David E. Inventing Modern America: From
the Microwave to the Mouse. Foreword by Lester C.
Thurow, introductions by James Burke. 210 pp., 9x11,
250 illus., color, index. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.
$29.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-262-02508-6.

Childs, Donald J. Modernism and Eugenics: Woolf,
Eliot, Yeats, and the Culture ofDegeneration. 260 pp.,
notes, index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
2001. $ 59.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-521-80601-1.

Clow, Barbara. Negotiating Disease: Power and
Cancer Care, 1900-150. xviii + 238 pp., bibl., index.
Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001.
,-.' I I ..i, ". -. (paper).ISBN#: 0-7735-2211-5.

Craig, William Lane. God, Time, and Eternity: The
Coherence of Theism II: Eternity. xi + 321 pp., figs.,
bibl., index. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers,
2001. $105.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 1402000111.

Craige, Betty Jean. Eugene Odum: Ecosystem
Ecologist & Environmentalist. xxii + 264 pages, apps.,
notes, bibl., index. Athens: University ofGeorgia Press,
2001. $34.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0820322814.

Croker, Robert A. Stephen Forbes and the Rise of
American Ecology. ix + 232 pp., illus., figs., tables,
apps., bibl., index. Washington DC: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 2001. $39.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 1-56098-

Cronin, Bernard P. Technology, Industrial Conflict
and the Development of Technical Education in 19th-
CenturyEngland. EditedbyDerekH. Aldcroft. (Modern
Economic and Social History Series). xiv + 316 pp.,
figs., tables, bibl., index. Broofield: Ashgate, 2001.
$99.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-7546-0313-X.

Cropper, William H. Great Physicists: The Life and
Times ofLeading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking.
xii + 480 pp., illus., figs., index. London: Oxford
University Press, 2001. $35.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-19-

Danielson, Dennis Richard. The Book ofthe Cosmos:
Imagining the Universe from Heraclitus to Hawking.
xxxiii + 592 pp., glossary, index. Cambridge: Perseus
Publishing, 2001. $20.00(paper). ISBN#: 0-7382-0498-

De Keyser, Veronique; Leonova, Anna B. Error
Prevention and Well-Being at Work in Western Europe
andRussia: Psychological Traditions andNew Trends.
xx + 263 pp., figs.,tables, glossary, index. AZ Dordrecht:
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. Eur 92, USD 85,
GBP 58. ISBN#: 0-792-37100-3.

Denzler, Brenda. The Lure of the Edge: Scientific
Passions, Religious Beliefs, and the Pursuit of UFOs.
335 pp., notes, bibl., index. Berkeley: University of
California Press, November 2001. $35.00 (cloth).
ISBN#: 22432-9.

Djerassi, Carl. ThisMan 'sPi I. '. '.'
Birthday of the Pill. 240pp, index. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2001. $22.50 (hard cover). ISBN#: 0-

Fangerau, Heiner. Etablierung eines
rassenhygeinischen Standardwerkes 1921-1941. 300
pp., tables, index. Switzerland: Peter Lang AG, 2001.
$47.95 (paper). ISBN#: 3-631-37822-X.

Finger, Stanley. Origins ofNeuroscience: A History of
Explorations into Brain Function. 480 pp., illus., figs.,
app., index. Originally published in London, 1994,
reprint in 2001. London: Oxford University Press.
$39.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0195146948.



Forsdyke, Donald R. The Origin ofSpecies Revisited:
A Victorian Who Anticipated Modern Developments in
Darwin's Theory. 276 pp., illus., tables, index. Montreal:
McGillQueen's University Press, 2001. $49.95 (hard
cover). ISBN#: 0-7735-2259-X.

Fragnito,CGigli.l.l.. -.CensorshipandCulture in
EarlyModern Italy. Cambridge Studies inItalian History
and Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press,
2001. $59.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0521661722.

Franklin, James. The Science ofConjecture: Evidence
and Probability before Pascal. 497 pp., table, notes,
index. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2001.
$55.00 hardcover. ISBN#: 0-8018-6569-7.

Frayn, Michael. Kopenhagen: Stuck in zwei Akten
11 ._- ''. .. '.. '" o-,-," 1',1.,1
index. Gottingen: Germany, 2001. 38 DM. ISBN#: 3-

Fredrickson, Donald S. The Recombinant DNA
Controversy, A Memoir: Science, Politics, and the
Public Interest 1974-1981. 408 pp., illus., notes, app.,
index. Washington D.C.: ASM Press, 2001. $39.95
(paper). ISBN#: 1-55581-222-8.

Gage, John. Color and Meaning: Art, Science, and
Symbolism. 320 pp., illus., index. Berkeley: University
of California Press, 1999. $55.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-

Gillham, Nicholas Wright. A Life of Sir Francis
Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of
Eugenics. 416 pp., illus., figs., note, bibl., index. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2001. $ 30.00 (cloth).
ISBN#: 0-19-514365-5.

Goldschmidt Jr., Arthur. A Concise History of the
MiddleEast (seventh edition). 25th anniversary edition,
seventh edition. xvi + 504 pp., table, chronology, bibl.,
index. Boulder: Westview Press, 2001. $39. ,". II i, r;c
ISBN#: 0-8133-3885-9.

Gondhalekar, Prabhakar. The Grip ofGravity: The
Quest to Understand the Laws of Motion and
Gravitation. x+ 368 pp., figs., notes, index. Cambridge:
Cambridge Press, 2001. $27.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-521-

Harris, Gary L. The Origins and Technology of the
Advanced Extravehicular Space Suit. AAS History
Series, Volume 24. 558 pp., illus., figs., tables, notes,
index. SanDiego: Univelt Inc., 2001. $85 1I ~ .. Lc I
$60 (soft cover). ISBN#: 0-87703-482-6.

Hong, Sungook. Wireless: From Marconi's Black-box
to theAudion. 248 pp., 17 illus., figs., notes, bibl., index.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001. $34.95 (cloth). ISBN#:

Humphreys, Margaret. Malaria: Poverty, Race and
Public Health in the UnitedStates. 196 pp., illus., notes,
index. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2001.
$41.50 (hard cover). ISBN#: 0-8018-6637-5.

Jackson, Robert W. Rails Across the Mississippi: A
History of the St. Louis Bridge. ix + 280 pp., 7X10
illustrations, figs., notes, index. Champaign: University
of Illinois Press, 2001. $34.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-252-

Jacoby, Karl. Crimes Against Nature: Squatters,
Poachers, Thieves and the Hidden History ofAmerican
Conservation. xix + 324 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. $39.95
(cloth). ISBN#: 22027-7.

James, Keith. Science and Native American
Communities: Legacies ofPain, Visions of Promise. x
+ 192 pp., index. Lincoln: University of Nebraska
Press, 2001. $40.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-8032-2595.

Johnston, Sean F. History of Light and Colour
Measurements: Science in theShadows. ix-xi +281 pp.,
illus., figs., tables, bibl., index. Bristol: Institute of
Physics Publishing, 2001. $75.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-

Kitcher, Philip. Science, Truth, andDemocracy. xiii +
256 pp., afterword, index. Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2001. $27.50 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-19-514583-6.

Kline, Wendy. Building A Better Race: Gender,
Sexuality, andEugenics form the Turn ofthe Century to
the Baby Boom. xv + 254 pages, illus., notes, bibl.,
index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
$35.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-520-22502-3.

Krige, John;Lowi. Ila.1. .... ,, Science,
Public Policy and Health in Post-War Europe. (Based
on conference in Barcelona in Nov 1998 sponsored by
Universitat Autonoma). 382 pp., illus. Belgium:
European Communities, 2001. Eur 18.50. ISBN#: 92-

Lawson, Hilary. Closure: A Story ofEverything. xlviii
+ 372 pp., notes, index. New York: Routledge, 2001.
$24.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0-415-01138-8.

Lederman, Leon; Scheppler, Judith. Portraits of
Great American Scientists. Edited by Leon M.
Lederman. 300 pp., illus., notes, bibl. Amherst:
Prometheus Books, 2001. $28.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 1-

Lefevre, Wolfgang. Between Leibniz, Newton, and
Kant: Philosophy andScience in the Eighteenth Century.
Edited by Wolfgang Lefevre (Boston Studies in the
Philosophy ofScience, 220). xvi + 304 pp., notes, apps.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. $94.00
(cloth). ISBN#: 0792371984.

MacKenzie, Donald. Mechanizing Proof Computing,
Risk and Trust. 6x9, 427 pp., 46 illus., notes, index.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001. $45.00 (cloth). ISBN#:

Meier, C. A. Atom and Archetype: The Pauli/Jung
Letters, 1932-1958. lx + 312 pages, illus., bibl., index.
Ewing: Princeton University Press. $29.95 (cloth).
ISBN#: 0-691-01207-5.

Meyer, Steven. Gertrude Stein and the Correlations of
Writing and Science. xxiii + 450 pp., illus., notes, bibl.,
index. Stanford: StanfordUniversityPress, 2001. $55.00
(cloth). ISBN#: 0-8047-3328-7.

Mitcham, Carl. Metaphysics, Epistemology and
Technology. Edited by Carl Mitcham. (Research in
Philosophy and Technology), Volume 19. 364 pp.,
figs., index. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2000. ISBN#:

Moyal, Ann. Platypus: The Extraordinary Story of
How a Curious Creature '. ". 'the World. xiii + 240
pp., illus., glossary, sources, index. Washington DC:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001. $21.95 (cloth).
ISBN#: 1-56098-977-7.

Nelson, Sioban. SayLittle, Do Much: Nursing, Nuns, and
Hospitals in the Nineteenth Century. 240 pages, notes,
bibl., index. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania
Press, 2001. $55.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-8122-3614-9.

O'Brien, Ruth.CrippledJustice: I., i -.. -'.
DisabilityPolicy in the Workplace. xiv + 302 pp., notes,
index. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2001.
$19.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-226-61660-6.

Officer, Charles; Page, Jake. A Fabulous Kingdom:
The Exploration oftheArctic. xii + 240 pp., illus., figs.,
references, index. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
2001. $25.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-19-512382-4.

Olafson, Frederick A. Naturalism and the Human
Condition: Against Scientism. vii-xi + 115 pp., notes,
index. New York: Routledge, 2001. $22.95 (paper).
ISBN#: 0-415-25259-8.

Oster, Malcolm. Science in Europe, 1500-1800: A
Secondary Sources Reader. (volumes arepart ofan Open
University course, The Rise of Scientific Europe, 1500-
1800)xii +307 pp.,index. Great Britain: OpenUniversity,
2001. $14.99 (paper). ISBN#: 0-333-97006-3.

Osterbrock, Donald E. Walter Baade: A Life in
Astrophysics. 256 pp., 28 halftones, notes, bibl., index.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. $29.95
hardback. ISBN#: 0-691-04936-X.

Paxton, Merideth. The Cosmos of the Yucatec Maya:
Cycles and Steps from the Madrid Codex. 352 pp., 52
illus., 9 maps, index. Albuquerque: New Mexico:
University of New Mexico Press, 2001. $45.00
hardcover. ISBN#: 0-8263-2292.

Piel, Gerard. The Age of Science: What Scientists
Learned in the 20th Century. 480 pp., figs., notes,
index. New York: Perseus Books Group, 2001. $40.00
(cloth). ISBN#: 0-465-05755-1.

Podvig, Pavel. Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces.
Forewordby Frank Von Hippel. x + 693 pp., illus., figs.,
tables., notes, index. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.
$45.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-262-16202-4.

Poley, J. Ph. Eroica: The Quest for Oil in Indonesia
(1850-1898). 188 pp., illus., figs., tables, bibl., index.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. $79.00
(cloth). ISBN#: 0-7923-6222-5.

Pritchard, James A. Preserving Yellowstone's Natural
Conditions: Science and the Perception of Nature. xii +
370pp., illus.,notes, index. Lincoln: UniversityofNebraska
Press, 1999. $45.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-8032-3722-7.

Proffitt, Pamela. Notable Women Scientists. xxvi +
668 pp., illus., index. Framington Hills: Gale Group,
1999. $90.00 hardcover. ISBN#: 0-7876-3900-1.

Rafter, Nicole Hahn. Creating Born Criminals. 344
pp., illus., figs., afterword, references, index.
Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1998. $36.95
(cloth), $19.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0-252-02237-8.



Roos, Anna Marie E.Luminaries in theNatural World:
The Sun and the Moon in England, 1400-1720. (WPI
Studies, 20) xiv + 325 pp., illus., bibl., index. New
York/Washington D.C.: Peter Lang, 2001. $63.95.
ISBN#: 0-8204-45630.

Rudacille, Deborah. The Scalpel and the ,
The (. - Between Animal Research and Animal
Protection. 390 pp., notes, bibl., index. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 2001. $17.95 (paper).
ISBN#: 23154-6.

Russel, Bertrand. ABC of Creativity. xvi + 155 pp.
$1 i 'r. i i ,' Originallypublishedinl925byGeorge
Allen and Unwin, then Unwin Paperbacks in 1977,
1985, Routledge in 1993, 1997, 1999, 2001. Great
Britain: Unwin Paperbacks, New York: Routledge.
ISBN#: 0-415-15429-4.

Sachs, Joe.Aristotle's On The Sound and On Memory
and Recollection. 211 pp., glossary, bibl., index. Santa
Fe: GreenLionPress,2001. $32 (cloth), $19 'ii- i1 c
ISBN#: 1-888009-16-0.

Scarth, Alwyn. Vulcan's Fury: Man Against the
Volcano. 299 pp., illus., figs., index. New Haven: Yale
University Press, 2001. $19.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0-300-

Schmidt, Benjamin. Innocence Abroad: The Dutch
Imagination and the New World, 1570-1670. xxiv +
450pp., illus.,notes, bibl., index. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2001. $64.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-521-

Shah, Nayan. Contagious Divides: Epidemics and
Race in San Francisco's Chinatown. xiv + 384 pp.,
illus., notes, bibl., index. Berkeley: University of
California Press, 2001. $50.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-520-

Smith, Shawn Michelle. American Archives: Gender,
Race and Class in Visual Culture. 302 pp., 60 halftones,
illus., notes, index. Princeton: Princeton University
Press, 1999. $20.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0-691-00477-3.

Stein, Barbara R. On Her Own Terms:AnnieMontague
Alexander and the Rise of Science in the American
West. xvii + 435 pp., illus., figs., index, notes. Berkeley:
University Of California Press, 2001. $35.00. ISBN#:

Stock, Jurgen; Upgren, Arthur. Weather: How it
Works and Why it Matters. 223 pp., illus., figs., tables,
apps., bibl., index. Cambridge: Perseus Publishing,
2001. $18.00 (paper). ISBN#: 0-7382-0521-4.

Sweeney, Gerald. "Fighting for the Good Cause."
Reflections on Francis Galton's Legacy to American
1i. .. .. .-, (TransactionoftheAmerican
Philosophical Society). (Held at Philadelphia for
Promoting Useful Knowledge). Volume 91, Part 2.136
pp., illus., bibl., index. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2001. ISBN#: 0-87169-912-5.

Teller, Edward; Shoolery, Judith. Memoirs: A
Twentieth-Century Journey in Science and Politics. xii
+ 640 pp., illus., app., index. Cambridge: Perseus Book
Group, 2001. $35.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-7382-0532-X.

Tobin, Robert D. Doctor's Orders: Goethe and
Enlightenment Thought. 255 pp., bibl., index.
Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press; London:
Associated University Press, 2001. $41.50. ISBN#:

Vardalas, John N. The ComputerRevolution in Canada:
Building National Technological Competence. edited by
I. Bernard Cohen and William Aspray. (History of
Computing Series). 409 pp., notes, index. Cambridge:
MIT Press, 2001. $45.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-262-22064-4.

von Dietze, Erich. Paradigms Explained: Rethinking
Thomas Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. x + 182 pp.,
bibl., index. Westport: Greenwood Publishing, 2001.
$64.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-275-96999-1.

Vucinich, Alexander. Einstein and Soviet Ideology.
viii + 291 pp., references, index. Stanford: Stanford
University Press, 2001. $60.00 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-8047-

Walters, S. M.; Bateson, Patrick. Darwin's Mentor:
John Stevens Henslow, 1796-1861. xx + 250 pp., illus.,
figs., apps., notes, index. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2001. $59.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 0-521-

Webster, Edward.Print Unchained: 50 .
Printing, 1950-2000 and Beyond. xv + 272 pp., illus.,
figs., tables, glossary, bibl., index. West Dover: DRAof
Vermont, Inc., 2001. $125.00 (cloth). ISBN#:

Westrem, Scott D. The Hereford Map. Edited by
Gautier Dalche. (History ofthe Representationof Space
in Text and Image) Volume 1. lxxxiv + 400 pp., 12
illus., apps. Turnhout: Belgium, 2000. ISBN#: 2-503-

Whitaker, Robert.Madin America: Bad Science, Bad
Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the
Mentally Ill. 320 pp., Medicine/Science. ISBN#: 0-

Williams, Kathleen Broome. Improbable Warriors:
Women Scientists and the U.S. Navy in World War II
xvii + 304 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Annapolis:
Naval Institute Press, 2001. $34.95 (cloth). ISBN#: 1-

Williams, Roger L.Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century
France. International Archives of the History of Ideas
arch 179. 197 pp., illus., bibl., index. AZ Dordrecht:
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000. $67 (cloth). ISBN#:

Wolf, Jacqueline H. Don't Kill Your Baby: Public
Health and the Decline of Breastfeeding in the
Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries. Women and
Health: Cultural and Social Perspectives. Rima D.
Apple and Janet Golden, Series Editors. 320 pp., 6 x 9
18 illustrations, index. Columbus: Ohio State University
Press, 2001. $65 (cloth), $24.95 (paper). ISBN#: 0-

The Command of Light:

Rowland's School of Physics and the Spectrum

George Kean Sweetnam

H enry Augustus Rowland (1848-1901) was one of the most important figures in the
founding of modern physics in the United States. A principal founder and first

president of the American Physical Society, he is best known for his invention of the concave

spectral grating for which he won a gold medal and grand prize at the 1890 Paris Exposition.

A graduate of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in civil engineering, Rowland was professor

of physics at Johns Hopkins University, where he had the principal part in forming the first
school of American physicists to be professionally trained in the United States.

Using Rowland's papers and those of his colleagues and students, George Kean Sweetnam

has written the first scholarly exposition of his work.

Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 238. 240 pp. Illus. $25. ISBN: 0-87169-238-4 (M238-swg)





III. Offices

Executive Committee

President, John W. Servos, Amherst College, Department ofHistory, Box 2254, Amherst,
MA 01002-2254, USA. Office phone: 413-542-2035; Office fax: 413-542-2727;
Vice-President, Michael Sokal, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, DepartmentofHumanities
and Arts, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-1614, USA. Office phone: 508-831-
5712; Office fax: 508-831-5932; msokal@wpi.edu.
Secretary, Margaret J. Osler, University of Calgary, Department of History, 2500
University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, CANADA. Office phone: 403-220-6401;
Office fax: 403-289-8566; mjosler@ucalgary.ca.
Treasurer, Marc Rothenberg, Smithsonian Institution, A&I 2188, 900 Jefferson Drive
SW, Washington, DC 20560-0429, USA. Office phone: 202-357-1421; Office fax: 202-
786-2878; josephhenr@aol.com.
Editor, Margaret W. Rossiter, 100 Fairview Square, Apartment 4K, Ithaca, NY 14850,
USA. Office phone: 607-255-2545; Office fax: 607-255-0616; isis@cornell.edu.
Executive Director (ex officio), Robert "Jay" Malone, University of Washington, Box
351330, Seattle, WA 98195-1330,USA. Officephone: 206-543-9366; Office fax: 206-685-
9544; jay@hssonline.org.

Committee Chairs:

Education, Pamela H. Smith, Pomona College, History Department, 551 North College
Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711-6337, USA. Office phone: 909.607.2919; Office fax:
909.625.8574; psmith@pomona.edu.
Honors and Prizes, Paul L. Farber, Oregon State University, Department of History,
Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Office phone: 541-737-1273; Office fax: 541-737-1257;
Meetings and Programs, Lesley B. Cormack, University of Alberta, Department of
History and Classics, 2-41 Tory Building, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H4, CANADA; Office
phone: 780-492-4269; Office fax: 780-492-9125; lesley.cormack@ualberta.ca.
Nominating Committee, Gregg Mitman, University of Wisconsin, Department of History
and Medicine, 1420 Medical Sciences Center, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI
53706-1510, USA.
Publications, Karen Reeds, 127 Southgate Road, New Providence, NJ 07974-1663, USA.
Office phone: 908-464-0714; Office fax: 908-464-6814; reeds@openix.com.
Committee on Finances, Marc Rothenberg, Smithsonian Institution, A&I 2188, 900
Jefferson Drive SW, Washington, DC 20560-0429, USA. Office phone: 202-357-1421;
Office fax: 202-786-2878; josephhenr@aol.com.
Women's Caucus, Pamela Mack, Co-chair, Clemson University, Department of History,
Clemson, SC 29634-0527, USA. Office phone: 864-656-5356; Office fax: 864-656-1015;
pammack@clemson.edu. Sylvia W. McGrath, Co-chair, Stephen F. Austin State Univer-
sity, Box 13013, Department of History, Nacogdoches, TX 75962-0001, USA. Office
phone: 936-468-2452; Office fax: 936-468-2478; smcgrath@sfasu.edu.
North American Committee, Dibner Visiting Historians of Science Program, Karen A.
Rader, Sarah Lawrence College, Science, Technology and Society, One Mead Way,
Bronxville,NY 10708-5999, USA. Office phone: 914.395.2223; Office fax: 914.395.2662;
Washington Representative, Marc Rothenberg, Smithsonian Institution, A&I 2188, 900
Jefferson Drive SW, Washington, DC 20560-0429, USA. Office phone: 202-357-1421;
Office fax: 202-786-2878; josephhenr@aol.com.

Ballots: The Nominating Committee,
consisting of two members of the Council
and three other members of the Society,
shall prepare a ballot to be sent to each
member of the Society at least two months
before the annual meeting. For the Vice-
President, the ballot shall contain the names
of two candidates proposed by the
Nominating Committee together with the
names of any other candidates nominated by
petitions signed by at least twenty-five
members ofthe Society. For the Council, the
ballot shall contain the names of ten
candidates proposed by the Nominating
Committee together with the names of other
candidates nominated by petitions signed by
at least fifteen members of the Society.
The President of the Society shall
appoint the chair of the Nominating
Committee from among those elected to that
Nominating petitions, together with the
agreement of the person nominated, must
reach the chair ofthe Nominating Committee
within two months after publication of the
list of nominees. Each list of candidates on
the ballot shall be arranged in alphabetical
order without further distinctions, and there
shall be blank spaces atthe end of each list in
which the voter may enter and vote for other
The ballots shall be received by the
Secretary and valid ballots shall be tallied by
a committee consisting of the Secretary and
at least one other person, appointed by the
In the event ofa tie vote, the members of
the Society present at the annual business
meeting shall choose by ballot between the
nominees with the highest number of votes.

REMINDER: The Isis Bibliography
from 1975 to the present is available
online with the Research Libraries
Group (RLG). Members ofthe Society
may access the RLG Web site, and the
History of Science and Technology
Database (HST) through the HSS
homepage http://hssonline.org. RLG
has assigned us "Y6.G19" as a "User
Name" and "HSSDEMO" as a


The HSS Nominating Committee, Gregg Mitman (chair), Liba Taub, Jan Golinski, Janet Browne, and Robert
Westman, has produced an excellent slate of candidates for the 2002 election. The following members have
agreed to be nominated for HSS offices, to begin service in 2003. The slate is published before the election as
required by HSS statutes (please see page 23 for a copy of the permanent statute).


Bridie J. Andrews (Harvard University)
Angela N. Creager (Princeton University)
Ronald E. Doel (Oregon State University)
Bernard V. Lightman (York University)
Lynn K. Nyhart (University of Wisconsin)
Michael A. Osborne (University of California,
Santa Barbara)
Katherine A. Pandora (University of Oklahoma)
Jessica G. Riskin (MIT)
Jole R. Shackelford (University of Minnesota)
Heinrich Von Staden (Institute for Advanced Study
School of Historical Studies)


Keith R. Benson (University of Washington)
D. Graham Burnett (Princeton University)
Caroline C. Hannaway (NIH Historical Office)
Marilyn B. Ogilvie (University of Oklahoma)
Nicolas Rasmussen (University of New South Wales
Mary Terrall (UCLA)


Katharine Park (Harvard University)
Karen Parshall (University of Virginia)
Philip J. Pauly (Rutgers University)
Margaret L. Schabas (York University)

The University of Chicago Press
P.O. Box 37005
Chicago, IL 60637
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